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o ? .o ' ;

Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 1950- 2




Jackson, Mississippi,
Metropolitan Area,
January 1977

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a January 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s in the J ac k s on , M i s s i s s i p p i ,
Standar d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as
condu cted by the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t l a n t a , G a., un der the g e n e r a l
d i r e c t i o n o f J e r r y G. A d a m s , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r a ­
ti o n s .
T h e s u r v e y cou ld not h a ve b een a c c o m p l i s h e d with out th e c o o p e r a t i o n
o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s is f o r the
s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u re a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e
a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .




M a t e r i a l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in the p u b lic d o m a in and m a y b e r e ­
p r o d u c e d with out p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P l e a s e c r e d i t the
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s and c i t e the n a m e and n u m b e r o f th is p u b lic a tio n .

Note:
A l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r the J ac k s on a r e a a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r a t e s
f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d b uild ing t r a d e s .
F r e e copies o f th ese are a va ila b le f r o m
the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b ac k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey

Jackson, Mississippi,
Metropolitan Area,
January 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
April 1977

Contents

Bulletin 1950-2

In tro d u c tio n -------------------------------------------------------

2

T a b le s :
A.

E a rn in g s , a ll e s ta b lis h m en ts :
A-l.
W e e k ly e a rn in g s o f o ffic e
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------3
A - 2 . W e e k ly e a rn in g s o f p r o f e s ­
sion al and te c h n ica l w o r k e r s ------ 5
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e arn in gs o f
o ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and
tech n ica l w o r k e r s , b y s e x --------------6
A - 4 . H o u rly ea rn in g s o f m a in te ­
nance, to o lr o o m , and
p o w e rp la n t w o r k e r s -------------------- 7
A - 5 . H o u rly e a rn in g s o f m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u stod ial

A -l.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.
Price: 85 cents.




B -4 .
B -5 .

A -6 .

B.

Page

Page

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f
m ain ten an ce, to o lr o o m ,
p ow erp la n t, m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m ent, and cu s to d ia l w o r k e r s ,
b y s e x ----------------------------------------- 9
P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a v e ra g e
hourly ear nings, adjusted fo r
e m p lo ym e n t shifts, f o r s e ­
le c te d occup ational gro u p s ----------- 10

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le­
m e n ta r y w a g e p ro v is io n s :
B-l.
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s
fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists
and c le r k s -------------------------------------11
B -2 . L a te -s h ift pay p ro v is io n s f o r
fu ll- tim e m an u factu rin g
plant w o r k e r s -------------------------------12
B -3 . Scheduled w e e k ly h ou rs and
days o f fu ll- t im e f ir s t - s h ift
w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------- 13

B -6 ,
B -7 .

A p p en d ix A .
A p p en d ix B.

Annual paid h o lid a ys fo r f u ll­
tim e w o r k e r s --------------------------------14
P a id va c a tio n p ro v is io n s fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s ---------------------- 15
Health,, in su ra n ce, and pension
plans fo r fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s ---------- 18
L i f e in s u ra n ce plans fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s -------------------------19
Scope and m ethod o f s u rve y ----------- 23
O ccu p ation al d e s c r ip tio n s ------------ >29

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h ich th e U.S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u ­
re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e ­
la te d b e n e fits .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a ,
o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e c o lle c t e d a n n u ally.
In fo r ­
m a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits (B s e r i e s t a b le s ) is o b ta in e d e v e r y th ir d y e a r .

T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e h o u rly e a r n in g s o f
o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s ib le , d ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s and fo r m a n u fa c tu rin g
and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e ly .
D ata a r e n ot p r e s e n te d fo r s k ille d m a in ­
te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in th is o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a ll to w a r r a n t
s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e tr e n d s a f t e r
e lim in a t io n o f c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts
a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in c lu d e d in
s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r fu r th e r d e t a ils , s e e a p p e n d ix A .

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e e n c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s t o g e th e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n ts n a tio n a l and r e ­
g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lita n a r e a d ata, f o r a ll
S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in th e U n ited S ta te s , e x c lu d in g A la s k a
and H a w a ii.

B - s e r i e s ta b le s

A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n eed
to d e s c r ib e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts ,
th ro u g h th e a n a ly s is o f (1 ) th e l e v e l and d is tr ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n ,
and (2 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l .
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a tio n th at m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s ,
in c lu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g , and a s ­
s is ta n c e in d e te r m in in g p lan t lo c a tio n .
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a ls o a r e u s e d by the
U.S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e te r m in a tio n s u n d er th e S e r v ic e
C o n tr a c t A c t o f 1965.
A - s e r ie s

T h e B - s e r i e s ta b le s p r e s e n t in fo r m a tio n on m in im u m e n tr a n c e
s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is t s and c le r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t pay p r o v is io n s and
p r a c t ic e s f o r p lan t w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu rin g ; and data s e p a r a t e ly f o r p la n t
and o f f ic e w o r k e r s on s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d ays o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k ­
e r s ; p aid h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ;
and m o r e d e ta ile d in fo r m a tio n on l i f e in s u r a n c e p lan s.
A p p e n d ix e s

ta b le s

A p p e n d ix A d e s c r ib e s th e m eth o d s and c o n c e p ts u sed in the a r e a
w age su rvey p ro gra m .
It p r o v id e s in fo r m a tio n on th e s c o p e o f th e a r e a
s u r v e y , on th e a r e a 's in d u s tr ia l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa c tu rin g , and on
la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e .

T a b le s A - l th ro u gh A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s o f s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th ro u g h A - 13 p r o v id e s im ila r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .




A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d b y B u re a u
o m is ts to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y oc c u p a tio n .

2

fie ld e co n ­

A. Earnings
Table A-1. W e e kly earnings of o ffic e w o rkers in Jackson, M is s., January 1977
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Occupation and in d u stry d iv is io n
orkers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Numbe r o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e we e k ly earning s o f-s

$

Mean ^

Median *

Middle ranged

S

S

$

s

S

S

s

s

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

$

S

90

loo

110

12 0

130

140

15 0

160

170

18 0

19 0

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

100

11 0

12 0

13 0

140

150

160

17 0

18 0

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

320

-

-

6

64
11
53
5

38
5
33
8

44
6
38
*

45
5
40
18

16
3
13
2

23
2
21
5

14
1
13
5

7
2
5
1

5
1
4
3

15
1
14
12

6
1
5
5

8
3
5
2

5

-

12
12
-

27

-

-

7
7
7

1
1
-

•

1
1

1
1

6
5

2
2

1
*

1
1

1
1

-

-

1

10
9
8

-

4
3
-

80

and
under
90

ALL WORKERS
SECRETARIES ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S —

410
48
362
78

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5

$
166.50
171.50
166.00
208.50

$
155.50
161.50
155.00
202.00

$
$
138.00-180.50
147.50-184.50
138.00-180.50
177.00-239.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS A —
NONMANUFACTURING -------

19
17

40.0
40.0

184.00
182.00

191.00
191.00

150.00-202.50
150.00-198.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS 6
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -

73
65
16

39.5
39.5
40.0

188.50
187.00
216.50

177.00
176.00
238.50

161.00-210.00
161.00-201.50
177.00-238.50

SECRETARIES. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

83
69
23

39.5
39.5
39.0

180.50
180.50
218.50

171.50
171.50
207.50

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0 —
NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

12 1
108
25

39.0
39.0
39.0

166.00
167.00
210.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS c —
NONMANUFACTURING --------

109
98

39.0
39.0

154
31
123
55

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING -------STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING ------

-

-

6
-

-

67
7
60
-

-

-

•

-

•

•

~

*

*

-

6
6

-

*

_
-

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

2
1
“

3
3
*

7
7
*

19
18
*

10
10
6

4
3
-

6
5
-

3
3
1

2
1
*

-

149.00-199.00
149.50-200.00
177.00-277.50

•
-

•
-

1
1

2
2

3
3

19
14

*

“

*

17
15
5

4
2
1

3
3
1

6
6
2

2
2
1

1
1
1

•

*

5
5
3

8
6

-

•
-

-

2
1
1

152.00
151.00
2 0 3 . SO

138.00-180.50
138.00-184.50
177.00-244.00

•
-

-

.
-

•
-

2
2

-

*

-

33
31
-

21
18
3

10
8
*

12
9
*

11
8
4

7
7
1

8
8
4

2
2
2

2
2
*

2
2
1

3
3
2

4
4
4

137.00
135.50

137.00
136.00

125.50-147.00
123.00-144.00

•

.

23
23

29
25

15
12

14
11

4
4

6
6

-

1

_

-

*

12
12

•

-

5
5

39.5
40.5
39.5
38.5

159.50
156.50
160.50
186.00

1 5 0 . SO
150.50
152.00
187.50

138.00-175.00
148.50-172.50
136.50-183.50
165.50-204.00

-

1
1
*

3
3

1
1
-

14
14
2

25
3
22
3

24
6
19
3

22
13
9
2

9
1
3
5

21
8
13
9

6
6
5

7
7
6

14
1
13
13

2
2
2

-

95
23
72

39.5
41.0
39.0

161.50
160.00
161.50

156.00
155.00
159.00

139.50-178.00
150.50-172.50
136.00-192.00

-

1
1

3
3

1
1

6
6

14
2
12

9
9

17
12
5

5
5

16
8
a

3
•
3

4
4

14
1
13

56
48

40.0
40.0

152.00
153.00

143.50
142.50

137.00-166.00
136.50-173.50

-

.

-

11
10

15
10

5
4

4
3

5
5

3
3

3
3

•

36
36

38.0
38.0

119.50
119.50

116.00
116.00

101.00-136.00
101.00-136.00

.

138
16
122

39.0
40.0
39.0

129.00
127.50
129.50

119.00
121.50
118.00

106.00-145.00
115.00-129.50
106.00-146.50

•
-

1
1

2
•

12
•

2

12

T Y P IS T S . CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING

112
98

39.0
39.0

118.50
117.00

110.00
110.00

106.00-126.00
105.00-126.00

-

F ILE CLERKS ------------------NONMANUFACJURING —

148
147

38.5
38.5

106.50
106.50

98.00
98.00

-

-

F IL E CLERKS, CLASS 8
NONMANUFACTURING —

52
51

38.5
38.5

120.00
119.50

-

-

F IL E CLERKS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ----

89
89

39.0
39.0

97.50
97.50

STENOGRAPHERS
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIS TS
NONMANUFACTURING --------------—
NONMANUFACTURING
m a n u f a c t u r in g

*
-

*

*

-

*

8
8

8
8

8
8

4
4

4
4

4
4

2
2

12
12

38
2
36

19
4
15

20
6
14

5
1
4

19
19

2
2

6
3
3

2
2

-

12
12

38
36

19
15

17
12

4
4

15
15

1
1

4
1

10
10

69
69

32
32

12
12

13
12

•
-

2
2

*

2
2

106.50
106.00

98.00-125.50
98.00-125.50

5
5

9
9

15
15

5
5

8
7

•

-

_

-

*

*

95.50
95.50

92.00-100.00
92.00-100.00

5
5

60
60

17
17

4
4

3
3

5
5

•

-

-

-

1
1
1

1
1
-

3
1
1

1
1
1

6
6
6

-

1
1
1

3
3
3

•

•

-

-

•

•

—

2
•
2
2

1
•

•
-

.
•
•

-

-

-

•

•

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

1
-

1
-

-

1
1

1
1

-

•
-

1
•

-

-

1

1
•
1

2
2

•
-

•

1
1

-

*

2
2

94.50-109.50
94.50-109.50

-

•

6
6

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




27

3

_

•
-

8
8

2

•
-

8

-

-

-

•

•

'•

•

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

m

8

2

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Jackson, Miss., January 1977— Continued
W eek ly earnings
(standard)
Number

1

Num ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e wee kly earning s of—
$

Aver

S

s

workere

S

$

$

s

s

$

$

S

1

S

S

S

$

S

$

t

t

S

90

10 0

n o

12 0

13 0

140

15 0

16 0

170

180

19 0

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

90

Occupation and in d u stry d ivis io n

w eekly
hours *
(standard)

10 0

110

12 0

13 0

140

15 0

16 0

17 0

18 0

19 0

200

210

220

230

240

250,

260

280

300

320

-

6
6

10
10

6
6

5
5

-

3
3

1
1

2
2

3
3

5
5

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

-

3
3

-

-

*

*

*

*

•

-

2
1

80
M ean

*

M edian

*

M iddle range*

and
under

ALL WORKERSCONTINUEO
MESSENGERS ---------- ----NONMANUFACTURING —

45
45

38.5
38.5

$
139.50
139.50

$
120.00
120.00

$
$
109.50-177.00
109.50-177.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING —

32
28

39.5
39.5

126.00
123.00

120.00
120.00

103.50-139.50
103.50-138.00

*

5
5

7
6

3
2

4
4

5
5

2
2

2
2

*

2
1

SWITCHBOARD OPEHATOK-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------- ----

61
17
64

39.5
40.0
39.5

135.00
144.00
132.50

130.50
138.00
126.50

120.00-144.00
132.50-164.00
118.50-144.00

-

1

-

-

1

4
4

15
2
13

18
2
16

14
6
8

15
2
13

3
3

5
3
2

2
1
1

ORDER C LE R K S -------------------------- ----- -----MANUFACTURING --------------------- ----- ----

35
23

40.5
41.0

161.50
186.50

144.50
199.50

120.00-215.00
144.50-234.50

-

-

6

-

_

-

-

-

10
10

•

-

7
1

“

“

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING

29
17

40.0
40.5

147.50
172.00

140.50
149.50

120.00-149.50
142.50-203.50

•

-

.

7
1

•

•

-

10
10

-

*

6
*

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING - — ---------

541
80
461

39.0
40.5
39.0

148.50
152.00
148.00

140.00
149.50
138.00

118.50-175.00
137.00-174.50
116.00-176.00

*

9
9

59
6
53

78
5
73

64

58
11
47

54
17
37

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------- ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

158
32
126
27

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

163.50
174.50
160.50
191.50

163.50
175.00
155.00
177.00

140.50-177.00
169.00-180.00
140.50-177.00
158.50-225.00

_
*

•
-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------- — -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

378
48
330

39.0
40.5
39.0

140.50
137.00
141.00

127.50
138.00
126.50

115.00-164.00
126.50-143.00
115.00-170.00

.
-

9
9

115.00-148.00
115.00-145.00

-

-

**

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

-

4
60

7

3

5

-

-

-

-

7

3

5

16

23
2
21

-

"

16

•

.

.

•

-

.

-

*

-

*

*

*

-

2
2

1
1

7
7

_

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

7
3
4

12

1

1

12

1

-

3

.

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

14

53

_

*

-

*

28
4
24

47
19
28

21
7
14

20
3
17
7

17
13
1

29
13
16
6

12
7
5

*

18

9

4

.
-

3

*
4

_
*

1
1

30
26

*

52
6
46

75
5
70

59
4
55

42
11
31

31
15
16

10
1

11

11

12

9

10

8
7

3

9

4
“

5

*

3
1

6
6

*

•

53

•

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

1

1

-

4

1

•
-

•
•
-

•
•
-

-

-

-

5

-

1
1

6
3
3
2

9

52

1

9

52

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

3
3
2

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

•
-

•
-

-

-

-

-

•
-

•
"

•
-

—
-

5

1
1

1

12

1

12

1

-

9

1

-

1
1

•
-

-

•

6

9

•
14

.

40
28

40.0
40.0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------

32

40.0

129.50

130.00

113.00-140.00

-

-

3

7

4

7

5

3

3

PAYROLL CLERKS ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- ----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------

63
51
20

39.5
39.5
39.0

161.00
164.00
185.50

161.00
168.00
182.00

139.50-182.00
146.00-190.50
173.50-204.00

•

1

6

5
-

3
1

6
4
1

9

-

6
6

-

.
-

6
1

6
6
2

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------

292
16
276
52

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

133.50
133.50
133.50
175.00

128.00
132.50
127.50
177.00

114.00-145.00
126.00-140.00
113.50-146.00
158.50-204.00

2

20

31

20
1
19
2

6
1

5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING — -------- —

70
65

39.5
39.5

138.00
137.50

136.00
136.00

124.50-151.00
124.50-151.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----

222
211
46

39.0
39.0
38.5

132.00
132.00
178.00

126.50
126.00
177.00

110.00-140.00
110.00-140.00
171.00-204.00

132.00
134.00

130.00
135.00

18

1

18
18

3

-

2
2

2
2
1

15
15

2

-

26
3
23
5

2
2

7
7

21
19

10
9

9
9

15
14

29
29
1

39

38
36
1

33
29

17
14

5

37

5

4

1

8
6

4

See footn otes at end o f tables.




1

5
5

5
38

-

20
20

5

15
14

43

4

55
3

-

2
2

15

59

44

31
1

-

1

8
7
6

46
2

20

•

4

-

2

.

3
3
2

“

-

-

4

4

2

1

5

14

3

3
3

4

1

1
1

1

18
18
18

-

-

•

-

•

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Jackson, Miss., January 1977
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n
workeis

Average
w eekly
hours1
(standard]

Num ber of w o rk ers re c eiving s tra ig h t-tim e wee kly ea rning
s

S
100

M ean *

M edian *

M idd le range *

120

s

$

$

I

110

130

140

%

150

s

S

160

170

$
180

of ---S

190

200

S
S
240
220

S

I

S

260

280

S

$

*

300

320

340

S

360

S

380

and
under
120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

1
1

11
11

13
11

3
3

11
8

5
4

2
1

1

no

400
and

4
4

5
5

3
3

7
6

2
2

2
1

380

400

o ver

1

1

i

-

1

i

1
-

1
1

-

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

49
41

$
$
$
$
3 9 .5 2 9 3 .0 0 278 .53 2 6 3 .5 0 -3 1 6 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 8 8 .5 0 277 .00 2 5 8 .5 0 -3 0 7 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E SS )t CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------- -— -----

26
23

3 9 .5 299 .50 301 .00 2 7 6 .0 0 -3 1 8 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 93 .50 288 .00 2 7 6 .0 0 -3 1 6 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S ). CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

23
18

3 9 .5 285 .50 269.00 2 5 8 .5 0 -3 0 4 .0 0
3 9 .0 2 82 .00 269.00 2 5 6 .5 0 -2 9 5 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

77
76

3 9 .5 224 .50 219 .00
3 9 .5 224 .00 219 .00

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

24
24

3 9 .5 267 .00 262 .50 2 3 9 .0 0 -2 9 3 .5 0
3 9 .5 267 .00 262 .50 2 3 9 .0 0 -2 9 3 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).
CLASS B ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

36
35

3 9 .5 216.00 215 .00
3 9 .5 215.00 211 .00

1 9 1 .5 0 -2 4 4 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0 -2 4 1 .5 0

-

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS ------------------- ------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

128
122

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 8 .0 0 -2 0 0 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -2 0 1 .0 0

6
6

8
8

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A -----NONMANUFACTURING ------------------- -----

22
22

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ------------—

1 3 4 .5 0 -2 5 9 .0 0
1 8 4 .5 0 -2 5 9 .0 0

*

*

*

*

~

*

*

1

_
*

-

-

.

.

*

*

*
-

*

3
3

*

*

-

-

*

7
7

8
6

-

4
2

3
2

-

-

-

i
i

5
5

-

“

2
2

13
13

7
7

9
9

9
9

14
13

8
8

1
1

1
1

2
2

3
3

-

*

-

1
1

-

1
1

3
3

1
1

6
6

5
5

1
1

1
1

2
2

3
3

*

*

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B U S IN E S S ).

_

-

*

*

7
7

5
5

6
6

5
5

8
7

3
3

-

7
6

9
8

11
10

12
10

11
11

27
26

4
4

2
2

-

1
1

3
3

1
1

2
2

7
7

1
1

2
2

4
4

26
25

2
2

Z

•

2

-

12
11
1

7
5
2

2
2

.

.

•

1
1

.

.

*

2
2

8
8

12
12

11
11

.

1
1

3
3

169.50
169.00

170.00
170.00

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

176.00
176.00

186.50
186.50

1 5 9 .5 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0 -1 9 5 .5 0

*

69
63

3 9 .0
39 .0

184.00
184.50

189.50
192.00

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 1 2 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0 -2 1 2 .5 0

3
3

4
4

-

-

-

6
6

5
4

6
5

4
3

7
5

37
37

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

138.00
138.00

136.00
136.00

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

6
6

5
5

3
3

9
9

4
4

1
1

_

*

6
6

4 1 .0
4 2 .5
3 9 .5

202.50 2 00 .00
208.00 202 .00
198.00 196.00

1 7 8 .0 0 -2 1 4 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0 -2 2 9 .5 0
1 7 8 .0 0 -2 0 4 .0 0

-

1
1

-

“

2
2
*

*

8
3
5

3
2
1

18
13
5

19
1
18

10
b
4

10
2
8

43
14
29

DRAFTERS. CLASS A —

23

4 0 .5

281.00 302 .00

2 4 8 .0 0 -3 0 5 .5 0

2

3

3

DRAFTERS. CLASS B — —
MANUFACTURING ------------

66
42

4 2 .0
4 3 .5

201.00 2 01 .50
201.00 2 0 1 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0 -2 1 4 .0 0
1 8 6 .0 0 -2 2 2 .5 0

.

-

-

-

_

1

8

2
1

6
6

9
2

27
13

9

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

8
4
4

.

•

-

4
4
-

•

1

-

-

-

1

8

-

4

-

-

-

3
3

148
67
81

-

DRAFTERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----—
NONMANUFACTURING ----

•

8

8

*
'

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




5

'

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Jackson, Miss., January 1977
Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

MEN
$
28

3 8 .5

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

ltt7 00
186.00
196.00

105.00

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

410

PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------j LLKC

1AK 1

v

vL A j

j

fl

78

3 9 .5

,AA

* 1

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUr AL 1UK INu

3 9 .0

9 7 .5 0

3 8 .0
38 .0

1 40 .50
1 40 .50

32
28

166.50

3 9 .5 2 0 8 .5 0

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

126 .00
123 .00

81
17
64

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

135.00
144 .00
132 .50

$

42
—

3 9*5 2 8 9 .0 0

115 .50

89

WOMEN

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

17
17

——

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
NONMANUFACTURING — 1

49
PUBLIC U T IL IT IF S — — — —

W eekly
hours 1
[standard)

$
3 8 .5

187.50

32
29
19

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

Number
of
workers

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

144
4 1 .5

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

139 .00

18

A v e rage
(m e a n 2 )

A verage
(m ean 2 )

A v e rage
(m e an 2 )
Number
of
workers

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) * CLASS A —
— —
NONMANUFACTURING

— —

3 03 .00
3 9 .5 2 9 6 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S IN E S S )t CLASS 8 • • • • - - - - - - -

NONMANUFACTURING

—

2 8 5 .5 0

52

4 0 .0 2 3 7 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 37 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BU S IN E SS )*
..

it >
^

3 9 .5

17
SECRETARIES* CLASS B -----— — — ----PUBLIC U T I L I T I F S -----—

—— —
—

PUBLIC U T IL IT IF S

—

h O.O

182.00

73

3 9 .5

188.50

17

3 9 .5

133.50

16

4 0 .0

2 1 6 .5 0

509
77

3 9 .0
4 0 .5

146 .00
150 .00

147

3 9 .5

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS A - - - - n o n m a n u f ACTURING

21

3 9 .5

161 .50

178.00
178.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS 6 — - —
NONMANUFACTURING
~r - - -

39
36

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

170.00
170.50

27

40*0

134.00
134.00

65

C Oj . ju
L
4 2 .5 2 08 .50

22

4 0 .5 2 84 .00

61

4 2 .5 2 01 .50
2 01 .00

24

3 9 .5

69
23

ORDER CLERKS —

—
—

—

—

—

—

—

3 9 .5 180.50
3 9 .0 2 1 8 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
CLA-'-’
NONMANUFACTURING

(B U S IN E S S ).
25
24

4 0 .0

160 .50
3 9 .5

MANUFACTURING
121
108

—

—

3 9 .0
39 .0

159 .00
1 91 .50

39*0

137.00

362
48

3 9 .0
4 0 .5

139 .50
1 37 .00

154
31
123

3 9 .5

A0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

132.00

4 0 .0

129.50

60
48
19

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

163 .50
184 .03

276

3 9 .0

133.50

65

—

118
24

32

——

166.09
167.00

109
98

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

3 9 .5

137.50

NONMANUFACTURING

■'r“ 'r " 'rir

159.50

3 9 . S 160.50

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL -----------------

95
23
72

3 9 .5

/«

j 1tNUuKA' MLHi t j LW i ui'

161.50

1 j c . 0 'J

4 0 .0
36

38 .0
30 .0

122

3 9 .0

jy p IZ J Z
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

.n ^ n .< *A r > r

119.50

129.00
129.50
U LK A 1UKj f
>

LuA j J u

See footnotes at end of tables.




6

NONMANUFACTURING
URAr TtKb
MANUFACTURING —
DRAFTERS* CLASS A — — — —

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.

2 1 9 .5 0

—

— —

DRAFTERS. CLASS B ----------------------—

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)

-----

197.00

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Jackson, Miss., January 1977
Hourly earnings

4

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in g

of—

3 . 60 3.8 0

$
$
1
$
4 . 00 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0

S
$
1 ----- $
5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 . 60 5 .8 0

6 .0 0

s
S
%
1 ---- ■ ----- h ----- s----- s
s—
6 . 20 6 . 40 6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7.2 0 7 .6 0 8.0 0 8.4 0

3 . 40 3.6 0

3 . 80

4 . 20 4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 . eg 6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 . 40 6 . 60 6 ,8 0

9
9

*

-

3
3

2
2

14
14

-

7
7

7
7

6
6

10
10

_

5
5

_

-

-

*

*

1
1

-

*

-

2
2

22
22

14
14

5
5

2
2

5
5

26
26

6
6

28
28

1
1

23

1
1

-

-

-

30

24
4
20
20

*

-

*

3

1

-

T

3. 20 3 .4 0
Mean

*

M edian *

M iddle range

*

s

and
under
*

workers

o
o

Occupation and industry d ivis io n

s

7 .2 0

7.6 0 8 .0 0 8 .4 0

8 .8 0

ALL WORKERS
MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS
MANUFACTURING -------------

65
62

$
5 .5 1
5 .4 0

$
5 .5 3
5 .5 2

$

5 .1 7 - 6 .1 4
5 .1 7 - 5 .9 8

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS —
MANUFACTURING —

34
34

5 .6 9
5 .6 9

6 .2 0
6 .2 9

4 .8 8 - 6.2 0
4 .8 8 - 6.2 0

-

.

-

•

-

-

-

4
4

-

*

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING --------

168
166

5 .3 6
5 .3 8

5 .5 3
5 .5 3

4 .4 6 - 5 .9 6
4 .5 6 - 5 .9 6

•

3
1

28
28

-

*

*

8
8

14
14

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -----------MANUFACTURING -----—
NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------------

173
22
151
107

5 .8 4
4 .4 0
6 .0 5
6 .4 7

5 .2 1
4 .1 5
5 .3 2
7.1 3

4 .8 6 3 .6 5 4 .9 4 4 .9 4 -

4

6

5

4

30

2
2

2

1

-

4

4

4

30

STATIONARY ENGINEERS -------------

15

5 .0 3

5 .0 4

3 .9 5 - 5 .6 9

$

7 .9 7
5.0 0
7 .9 7
7 .9 7

*
1
1

3

3

3

3

6
2

-

-

-

4

*

-

-

4

3

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




7

-

*

*

“

*

1

22

-

-

-

-

-

6

*

*

*

*

22
22

4

3

1
-

-

-

1

4

.

4
4

-

6

-

4

1

-

4

•

-

2
1
1

-

2

-

-

3

*

*

1

*

*

-

3

1
*

- 1
-

•

•

*

*

51
-

-

-

51
51

*

-

-

-

*

*

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Jackson, Miss., January 1977
Hourly earnings 4

N u m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g Stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings of--2 .2 0 2 .4 0

Occupation and industry d ivis ion
workers

S

S

Num
ber
Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

T
S
2 .6 0 2 .80

S
3 .00

I
3 .20

2 .80 3 .00

3.2 0

3,4 0 3 .6 0

$
3.4 0

s
s
T
3 .6 0 3 . 80 4 .00

S
t
s
4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0

s
S
S
S
4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0

S

S

S

5 .6 0 6 .0 0

S
5
6.4 0 6 .8 0

7 .2 0

s
7 .6 0

5 .6 0 6 .0 0 6 .4 0

6.8 0 7 . 2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

and
under
2 .4 0

2 .6 0

3 .8 0 4 . 00 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0 5 .4 0

ALL WORKERS
620
186
432

$
4 .3 4
3 .3 2
4 .7 8

$
3 .5 0
3 .2 5
4 .0 0

$
2 .8 5 2 .9 3 2 .7 5 -

$
5 .5 7
3 .4 1
7 .5 6

22
22

88
8
80

19
10
9

49
36
13

37
26
11

42
39
3

66
32
34

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT TRUCK NONMANUFACTURING -------- ------

54
50

2.8 1
2 .6 5

2 .5 8
2 .5 5

2 .3 3 - 2 .9 8
2 .3 0 - 2 .8 9

14
14

13
13

4
4

9
9

5
5

3
3

2
2

TRUCKORIVERS, MEDIUM TRUCK
MANUFACTURING--------------- ---NONMANUFACTURING —

166
32
134

4 .7 4
3 .1 4
5 .1 2

3 .5 0
3 .1 5
4 .3 5

2 .8 5 - 7 .5 6
2 .8 5 - 3 .3 8
2 .9 9 - 7 .5 6

8
8

21
21

1
1

17
13
4

4
4
-

13
13
-

24
24

4
2
2

82
72

3 .3 1
3 .2 1

3 .4 1
3 .3 8

3 .0 2 - 3.4 1
3 .0 2 - 3 .4 1

-

-

17
17

14
14

8
8

32
32

-

1
1

10

-

274
60
194
99

5 .0 1
3 .4 2
5 .6 6
7 .0 7

4 .2 0
3 .2 5
5 .5 0
7 .6 6

3 .4 6 2 .9 2 4 .0 0 7 .6 6 -

7 .6 6
4 .0 3
7 .6 6
7 .7 8

-

14
8
6
-

10
10
-

6
6
-

14
8
6
-

18
18
-

8
8
-

7
7
-

9
4
5
*

31
17

3 .7 1
3 .4 3

3.7 0
3 .4 0

3 .2 8 - 4 .0 0
2 .7 3 - 3 .7 0

•

2
2

1
1

1
*

.
*

4
4

9
4

-

-

4
4

—

21

4 .5 2

5 .0 0

3 .2 5 - 5 .2 5

-

-

-

-

4

4

-

WAREHOUSEMEN — ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----

79
S2

3 .6 6
3 .3 9

3 .5 5
2 .5 5

2 .5 0 - 4 .3 7
2 .5 0 - 4 .0 0

12
12

16
16

•

•

-

-

5
5

4
2

ORDER FILLERS --------------NONMANUFACTURING

144
125

3 .2 0
3 .0 9

2 .9 5
2 .9 0

2 .6 0 - 3 .9 4
2 .5 5 - 3 .3 5

15
15

19
19

25
25

14
10

10
10

SHIPPING PACKERS ------------MANUFACTURING ---------

127
115

3 .7 8
3 .9 2

4 .5 0
4 .5 0

2 .9 5 - 4 .5 3
2 .9 5 - 4 .5 3

-

.

*

12
-

32
32

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

604
363
241

3 .5 4
3.6 1
3 .4 2

3 .3 7
3.2 1
3 .4 9

2 .8 7 - 4 .1 9
2 .8 7 - 4 .2 8
2 .6 5 - 4 .1 4

56
18
38

46
35
11

28
14
14

FORKLIFT OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ----------

275
204
71

3 .7 8
3 .8 5
3 .5 7

3 .5 0
3 .5 0
3 .2 0

3 .1 0 - 4 .4 8
3 .1 2 - 4 .4 8
2 .9 3 - 4 .4 5

*

9
9

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN FORKLIFT) —
MANUFACTURING --------------------

48
39

3 .3 4
3 .5 6

3 .1 2
3 .1 2

2 .7 6 - 4 .0 1
3 .0 2 - 4 .0 1

-

GUARDS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING --------

617
52
565

2 .6 1
3 .5 4
2 .5 2

2 .4 2
2 .8 4
2 .4 2

2 .4 2 - 2 .6 0
2 .6 4 - 4 .6 4
2 .4 2 - 2 .5 0

GUARDS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING —

491
35
456

2 .4 7
2 .8 1
2 .4 4

2 .4 2
2 .6 4
2 .4 2

2 .4 0 - 2 .4 5
2 .5 0 - 2 .8 4
2 .4 0 - 2 .4 5

643
no
533
15

2 .5 9
3 .3 6
2 .4 3
3 .9 5

2 .3 0
3 .2 1
2 .3 0
4 .1 0

2 .3 0 2 .9 5 2 .3 0 2 .9 3 -

TRUCKORIVERS -----------------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
MANUFACTURING ---------TRUCKDRIVERS* TRACTOR-TRAILER
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---RECEIVERS ------ -----------------NONMANUFACTURING —
SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS —

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING --------------------- —
NONMAiN UFACTURING---PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

2 .5 8
3 .9 6
2 .3 0
4 .3 9

8
8
-

1

1

-

4

3

8

6

-

52

86

1

1

*

4

3

8

6

-

52

86

4

-

_

-

•

*

•

4

•

1

1

-

_

•

5

•

4

4

-

1

1

“

*

-

5

-

41
18
23
17

45
4
41
-

•
-

-

_

-

4

3

3

6

-

4
4
-

*

-

*

4
-

3
-

3
-

2
1

1
-

1
*

-

_

*

*

1
*

-

*

4
*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

5

4

-

5
3

1
-

2
*

2
2

20
*

-

.

-

3
3

*

-

1
1

16
15

3
2

2
2

10
2

.
*

23
23

2
2

9
9

2
2

“

•
-

.
“

6
6

*

66
66

*

-

73
64
9

53
37
16

46
30
16

34
8
26

41
41

6
4
2

75
58
17

89
44
45

8
8
“

3
3

-

9
4
5

18
14
4

56
52
4

25
5
20

40
40

7
3
4

10
10
*

15
14
1

2
“
2

22
12
10

25
15
10

10
10
*

9
-

4
4

-

18
18

-

-

*

8
8

*

9
9

-

59
8
51

381
2
379

95
8
87

15
10
5

27
2
25

2
2

4
1
3

3
2
1

6
2
4

-

•

-

-

8
8

59
8
51

379
2
377

32
8
24

11
10
1

2
2
-

3
3

-

1
1

2
2

2
2

425
10
415

64
3
61
2

19
5
14
2

24
15
9

19
13
6

33
22
11
1

8
6
2

12
11
1

19
15
4
4

8
2
6
4

8
8
-

.

See footnotes at end of tables.




8

8
-

8

2
<
L

10
5
5

54
18
36

49
4
45

-

11
2
9

•

-

-

3

4

*

3

-

4
•
4

•

52

4

-

52

4

•

82

6
-

-

-

82
82

*

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

1
1

7
7

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

43
43
-

•
-

i
i

-

4
4
*

“

.
-

2
2

-

-

*

21
21
-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

•

-

-

•

-

5
-

_

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

.
-

-

-

*

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

?
2

-

-

-

*

*

*

•

-

•
*




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Jackson, Miss., January 1977
Sex,

3

occupation, and in du stry division

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m e an 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE! TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

$
5n lr r CN j

62

b 1 A! I U N A K T

t<TvlliLuK b

H l LC. 1 V t . H j

" " "

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL

188

1K U L M J K 1 V t W j f

AlvU

5 .4 0

L lu n 1

^52

3 .3 2

1K U C i '
NO NM ANU rACTUR INO
1U N 5 (

' U K |t K j f

---------------------------------------Am U

2 *4 4

LLu A riL K.1

3 • 34
82
“ A n U r Mv» • U “ I l r U

* "

TRUCKDRIVERS. TRACTOR-TRAILER —

274

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

5.0 1

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
RECEIVERS

-

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

9

-------

196




Table A -7. P ercent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for e m p lo ym e n t shifts,
for selected occupational groups in Jackson, M iss., for selected periods
Industry and occupational g ro u p 5

J anuary 1972 January 1973
to
J anuary 1973 January 1974

January 1974 to
F e b ru a ry 1975
Annual rate
13-month
o f in c re a s e
in crea se

F eb ru a ry 197 5
to
F e b ru a ry 1976

A l l in du stries:
O ffic e c le r ic a l
E le c tr o n ic data p ro ce ssin g
In du strial nurses
S killed m aintenance trades
U n skilled plant w o rk e rs

4.1

M anufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l .
E le c tr o n ic data p ro ce ssin g
In du strial nurses
S k illed m aintenance tra des
U n skilled plant w o rk e rs

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6 )

(6)
(6 )
5.6
5.0

( 6)
( 6)

(6)
( 6)
7.8

6.2

7.3

( 6)
( 6)
8.5
13.3

12.2

13.2

Nonm anufacturing:
O ffic e c le r ic a l
E le c tr o n ic data p ro ce ssin g
In du strial nurses
U nskilled plant w o r k e r s

5.9
(6 )
( 6)
( 6)

6.6

8.8

8.1

(6)
(6)
7.8

(6)
(6)

(6)
( 6)
14.9

8.4
(6 )
(6)
9.6

5.7
( 6)
(6 )
6.6

6.7
( 6)
( 6)
6.5
7.5

6.8

See footn otes at end of tables.

10

9.0
( 6)
( 6)
8.4
14.5

16.2

8.3
( 6)
(6)
7.7
13.3

8.2

(6 )
(6 )
6.7
11.4

(6)
( 6)
(6)

F e b ru a ry 197o to
January 1977
Annual rate
1 1 -m onth
in c re a s e
o f in crea se

5.1
(6 )

5.6
( 6)

(6 )

(6 )

9.0
4.4

9.9
4.8

(6)
( 6)
(6 )
8.7
7.2

(6)
( 6)
(6)
9.5
7.9

5.1
(6 )
(6 )

5.6
( 6)
( 6)

1.8

2.0

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Jackson, Miss., January 1977
O th e r in e x p e rie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s

In experien ced typ ists

M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r y 7

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SPECIFIED
MINIMUM ----- ---------------------

40

115

35

XXX

80

17

5

4

$87.50 $90.00 $92.50 $95.00 $97.50 $100.00

1
1
1
1
1
1

$ 100>00 AND UNDER $105.00

2
2
1
2
1
1

585.00
567.50
590.00
$92.50
595.00
597.50

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER

$105.00 AND UNDER $ 110.00
$ 110*00 AND UNDER $115.00
$115.00 AN D ,UNDER $ 1 2 0 .00
$ 120.00 AND UNDER $125.00
$125.00 AND UNDER $130.00
$130.00 AND UNDER $135.00
$135.00 AND UNDER $140.00
$140.00 ANO UNDER $145.00
$145.00 AND UNDER $150.00
$150.00 AND UNDER $155.00
$155.00 AND UNDER $160.00
$ 160.00 ANO UNDER $165.00
$ 165*00 ANO UNDER $170.00
$170*00 AND UNDER $175.00
$175.00 AND UNDER $180.00
$ 180.00 AND UNDER $185.00
$185.00 AND UNDER $190.00
$190*00 AND UNDER $195.00
$195.00 AND OVER •

—
1

•

1

•

•
•
•
•
•

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

Based on standard w eek ly hours 9 of—

A ll
A ll
schedules

ESTABLISHMENTS STUDIED

M a n u fa c tu rin g

Nonm anufacturing

M anufacturing

A ll
schedules

-

1
-

1
-

-

•
-

_
2
1

-

1

•
•
•
•
—
-

XXX

XXX

12

5

7

1
1
1
1
1

_
•-

1

1

1

*
*

1

115

35

XXX

10

18

1

-

-

-

2
1

1

1

*

•
-

-

-

1

1

•

•

-

-

1

1
-

2
1

•

-

•
•
•
•

•
-

1

*
—
*

•

-

*
•
*
•
—-

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO SPECIFIED
MINIMUM ----------------------------

9

1

XXX

8

XXX

XXX

36

8

ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DIO NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATEGORY

89

29

XXX

60

XXX

XXX

42

17

See footnotes at end of tables.




80

*

•

*

-

37V2

1
1

*

A ll
s ch e d u le s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

3 7 1/2

2

-

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a se d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs v o f—

11

28
XXX

XXX

25

XXX




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing plant
workers in Jackson, Miss., January 1977
X_A11 f u ll - t im e m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s = 100 p e rc e n t)
W o r k e rs on la te s h ifts

A l l w o r k e r s 10
Second s h ift

T h ir d s h ift

Second s h ift

IN ESTABLISHMENTS WITH LATE SHIFT PROVISIONS -----

72.6

70.0

18.6

4.6

WITH NO PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK ----WITH PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK -------UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL -----------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL ----------------OTHER DIFFERENTIAL -------------------------------

5.1
67.5
52.1
15.3
-

5.1
64.9
49.5
15.3
*

1.5
17.1
12.1
5.0
-

1.1
3.5
3.5
*

10.8
5.8

15.1
10.0

10.8
5.7

16.2
*

A.3
2.5
20.0
19.8

1.7
4.0

.6
1.1
5.5
3.5

.2
.3

T h ir d s h ift

PERCENT OF WORKERS

AVERAGE PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL --------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL ------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOURS
5 CENTS
1 »»»»»»»■
»
8 CENTS —— —
10 CENTS
12 CENTS -------------------------------------CENTS
CENTS
CENTS -------------------------------------CENTS —
CENTS
1
CENTS —— -■ ■
C E N T S ...... ...... — ....-------------------

2.3
2.1
1.1
-

6.4
6.2
21.6
1.7
4.7
1.1
2.1

UNIFORM PERCENTAGE *
5 P E R C E N T --------- ----- — -------------------10 PERCENT ------------------------------------

12.9
2.5

—
15.3

14
15
16
18
20
24
30

See fo o tn o te a t end o f ta b le s .

12

.7
.4
.4
*
4.3
.7

.2
*
1.6
.1
.7
.4
-

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Jackson, Miss., January 1977
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Itfem
A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t il it ie s

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

100

100

100

100

2
1
—
5
•

•
-

—
—
2
2

•
37
(12)
9
3
50
50
(12)
(12)
(12)
-

P u b lic u t il it ie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ----------20
35
37
38
38
39
40

100

HOURS-5 D A Y S -------------— -----HOURS-5 DAYS --------------------1/2 HOURS-5 D A Y S -------- -------HOURS-5 D A Y S ----- ---- ---------3/4 HOURS-5 D A Y S ---------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ---- -------- ---HOURS
—
mmmmmm
4 1 / 2 OAYS
■■■■■■■■»»■■■■

1
1
3
—
76
—
76

42 HOURS — — —
—
------------- ■
5 D A Y S ------------ --------- ----6 OAYS
^ ■-»»■ ■ ■■ ■
42 1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS — — — — — —
43 HOURS-5 DAYS — — — — —
—
44 HOURS
5 OAYS —
5 1/2 DAYS
45 HOURS-5 DAYS — — — — — —
—
40 HOURS-5 1/2 O A Y S ---------------- — ------ -----47 1/2 HOURS-5 D A Y S --------------------------------48 HOURS-6 DAYS —
— —— — — —
50 HOURS-5 1/2 D A Y S ----------------------- ---------52 HOURS-5 D A Y S ------------ -----------------------------

3

2
1
1
1
4
3

1
6
1
2

82
-

82
5
5
•
3

4
4
•
5
•

2

1
1

•
-

40.7

40.7

-

-

97
97
-

-

71
—
71
2

2
2
4
2
2
6
2
1

3

3
-

2
1

*

40.6

40.1

-

32
(12)
8
2
55
(12)
55
1
1
(12)
•
1
-

-

87
1
86

2
2
•1
—
3
-

-

100

_
58
-

42
42
-

(12)

(12)

2

•

*
*

*

39.1

40.3

39.0

*
*

38.6

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES — — — ■

See footn ote at end o f tables.




13

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Jackson, Miss., January 1977
Plant workers
Item

A ll industries

O ffice workers

Manufacturing

No nm anuf ac tur ing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

lo o

100

100

100

100

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS -------------------

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID H O L ID A Y S ------------------------ ----------

7

-

12

•

-

-

-

-

93

100

88

100

100

lo o

100

100

7 .2

8 .A

6 .1

8 .6

7 .6

9 .1

7 .3

9 .3

(1 2 )
3
1
1
(1 2 )
26
I
16
(1 2 )
A
(1 2 )
A
9
19
2
6

•
3
1
10
2
•
16
5
5
13
28
3
13

1
3
2
1
A0
15
(1 2 )
3
1
A
5
11
1
-

3
•
1A
—
A
12
15
51
-

93
90
89
88
61
61
AS
A5
AO
AO
36
27
8
6

100
97
97
96
85
83
68
68
62
62
57
AA
16
13

87
8A
82
81
A1
A1
25
25
22
22
17
12
1

97
97
97
97
97
97
83
83
83
83
66
51

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PAID HOLIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIDAYS — — — — — —
PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIDAYS PROVIDED
1
1
2
3
A
5

HALF DAY

— — —— —— — — —
— —
HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------h o l id a y s -------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS —
1
—
PLUS 1 HALF DAY -----------------------------PLUS 2 HALF D A Y S --------------— ---------6 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF OAY -----------------------------7 HOLIDAYS
■ ►
— «»—
—
PLUS 1 HALF OAY -----------------------------P L U S 2 h a l f OAYS — — ------ -— -------8 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------9 HOLIDAYS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - IQ HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------11 HOLIDAYS
13 HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------h o l io a y

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
1A
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
27
3
2
6
1
6
15
16
A
3

3
2
2
7
3
6
A
•
*
2
21
26
A
21

(1 2 )
16
*
(1 2 )
31
3
2
7
2
7
1A
15
A
*

*
*
*
*

A
*
1
*
8
10
15
61
*

100
99
99
99
85
8A
57
5A
52
A5
38
23
7
3

100
97
97
93
86
83
77
77
7A
7A
72
51
25
21

100
100
100
99
8A
8A
53
50
A8
A1
33
18
A

100
100
100
100
100
100
96
96
95
95
76
61
-

OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIOAY TIME PROVIDED1
3

percent

1 DAY OR MORE---------- ---------------------------2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------3 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------5 DAYS OR MORE------------------------------------5 1/2 DAYS OR MORE------------- ---------------6 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------6 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------7 1/2 DAYS OR MORE------------- ----- — ------8 DAYS OR MORE------------------- -----------------9 DAYS OR MORE------------ -----------------------IQ DAYS OR MORE---------- ------------ -----------I I DAYS OR MORE --------- — — — — — —
13 DAYS

-

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




14

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Jackson, Miss., January 1977
O ffic e w o rk ers

Pla n t w o rk e rs
Item

A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

M anufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

A

-

8

-

-

-

—

-

96
79
1A
3

100
7A
26
-

92
83
3
6

100
97
3
*

100
100
•

100
lo o
•

100
100
•
-

100
100
-

6 MONTHS OF SERVICE!
UNDER 1 W EEK----------------- -------------1 WEEK -----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS — —
2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------

5
23
1
*

10
19
-

26
2
*

51
*

37
16
5

12
3A
*

—
A2
13
6

66
-

1 YEAR OF SERVICE!
UNDER 1 W EEK ------------ — — -----------1 WEEK — — — ~
— —
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ----------

3
58
3
31
*

69
2
27
-

6
A7
3
35
*

2A
13
63
*

18
(1 2 )
78
3

•
32
A5
21

16
(1 2 )
8A
-

11
1
88
-

2 YEARS OF SERVICE!
UNDER I WEEK ------------------------------1 WEEK ...................................................
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------

2
3A
3
55
1
*

36
A
59
-

A
32
3
51
2
*

•
18
3
70
9
*

•
(1 2 )
91
3
1

•
7
70
21
—

•
A
(1 2 )
95
1

•
1
1
97
1

3 YEARS OF SERVICE!
UNDER 1 WEEK ------------------------------1 WEEK
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS — —
2 WEEKS « — » — »■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ »«»■ ■ - OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------

2
21
1
6A
7
*

21
65
13
*

A
20
2
63
3
■*

3
8A
13
*

3
91
3
A

A
73
21

3
•
93
3
1

1
•
97
1
1

A YEARS OF SERVICE!
UNDER 1 W EEK---------- --------------------1 WEEK — — — — — ~ — — — —
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS — -----3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------

2
19
I
65
7
*

19
66
13
*

A
20
2
63
3
*

3
8A
13
*

3
87
6
A

•
3
7A
—
21

•
3
•
89
7
1

•
1

2
13
1

10
70

A
15
2

3

-2
-

56

76
13
8

2
68
-A

•
2
•
67
5

A ll industries

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ------------ -----IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID V A C A T IO N S ----------- ----------------- —
IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID V A C A TIO N S ---------- ---------------------LENGTH-OF-TIME PAYMENT — — ---------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT ---------- -------------OTHER PAYM ENT------------------- -------------AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION A FTE R !1
4

5 YEARS OF SERVICE!
UNDER 1 W EEK----------------- -------------1 WEEK — -------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 W EEKS--------------- ---— - - - - - - OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS
OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ----------

62
5
12
*

5
15
*

6
9
*

See footnotes at end of tables.




15

5

23
3

75
1
2
21

97
1
1
—
1

93
1

26

5

*

•

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Jackson, Miss., January 1977— Continued
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e rs

Item
A ll in du stries

M anufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll indu stries

10 TEARS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 WEEK ------------------------------1 WEEK
OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS —
—
OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ---------A WEEKS ----------------------------------------

2
11
1
33
1
39
6
2

5
36
AA
13
2

A
15
2
31
2
36
1
1

3
13
9
72
3
"

•
2
38
3
A8
(1 2 )
9

2
23
53
22

*
2
A0
A
A7
(1 2 )
6

1
17
82
1
*

12 YEARS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 W EEK----------------- ------------1 WEEK — —
—
> —
—
■OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS
OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ---------• A WEEKS -----------------------------------------

2
11
1
29
3
A2
6
2

5
31
2
A6
13
2

A
15
2
27
A
38
1
1

3
6
13
7A
3
*

2
35
5
A9
(1 2 )
9

“
2
21
55
22

2
37
6
A8
(1 2 )
6

1
2
8
88
1
-

15 YEARS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 W EEK------ — ----- ---------------1 WEEK — — —
—
— —— —
—
—
-OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS — -----2 WEEKS
—
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS — — — — — — — —
OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ---------A WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ----------

2
11
1
20
1
36
2
22
(1 2 )

5
21
AH
32
-

A
15
2
19
2
31
3
1A
1

3

2
6
3
60
(1 2 )
28
(1 2 )

2
17
38
A3
*

2
A
A
6A
(1 2 )
25
(1 2 )

1
39
59
1

2
11
1
18
1
22

5
16

A
15
2
19

2
6
36
3
A9
A
(1 2 )

2
16
8
52
22
*

2
-

*
2
*
6
*
21
3
A7
21
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

•
2
*
16
*
6
*
Al
36
*

M anufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION AFTER 1 4
CONTINUED

20 YEARS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 WEEK ------------------------------1 WEEK — — — — — — —
—
——
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS — —
— —
—
—
OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ---------A WEEKS ---------------------------------------S WEEKS — —
—
— —
—
—
OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ---------25 YEARS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 W EEK----------------- -------------1 WEEK -----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS — —
2 WEEKS —
— — — —— — —
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS —
— —
— —
—
—
OVER 3 ANO UNDER A WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS — — — — —
—
— —
OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ---------6 WEEKS

-

-

20
26

-

33
7
(1 2 )

A1
13
-

2
11
1
18
1
19

5
16
20
31
27
•

-

22
21
(1 2 )
1

“
3
9
10

2

2A

9
36
A8
3

67
8
3

3

1

3
-

A

15
2

19
2
18
13
15
1

9
2
16
58
3
8

2

See footnotes at end of tables.




16

A
A0
A
A8

1
16
82

1
(1 2 )

(1 2 )
1

*
2

*
1
*
*
*
6
*
22
69
1
(1 2 )

A

23
A

A8
18
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Jackson, Miss., January 1977— Continued
Office workers

Plant workers
Item

amount

of

p a id

v a c a t io n

All industries

after

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

3
9
2
4
3
67
3
8

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufactur ing

Public utilities

1 4

CONTINUED
30 YEARS OF SERVICEt
UNDER 1 W EEK------ ------------------------1 WEEK
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS — — 2 WEEKS --------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER 4 WEEKS ---------4 WEEKS---------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS--------------- -------- - - - - - - - OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS — —
6 WEEKS--------------*
-

2
11
1
18
1
19
20
(1 2 )
21
(1 2 )
2

•
5
•
16
20
31
24
2

4
15
2
19

MAXIMUM VACATION AVAILABLE:
UNDER 1 WEEK -------------------------------1 WEEK
OVER I AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---------2 WEEKS------------ ----------- - - - - - - - OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS-------- -----OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ---------4 WEEKS
» — ■■■■
OVER 4 ANO UNDER 5 WEEKS ---------5 WEEKS--------------- — — - - - - - - - - - OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ---------6 WEEKS ----------------------------------------

1
11
2
18
1
19
20
(1 2 )
21
(1 2 )
2

5
16
20
31
24
2

2
15
4
19
2
18
10
1
18
1
2

See footnotes at end of tables.




2
18
10
1
18
1
2

-

—

2

2

—

6
21
3
44
23
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

16
6
41
—
35
—
1

•
4
23
4
45
•
21
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

—
3
—
9
2
-

2
6
21
3

2
—
4
23

4

44

3
67
3
8

23
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

2
16
6
41
35
1

2

4
45
21
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

•
1
•
•
6
•
8
84
1
(1 2 )
1
•
•
6
8
84
1
(1 2 )

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Jackson, Miss., January 1977
O ffic e w o rk e rs

Pla n t w o rk e rs
Item
A U In du stries

PERCENT
ALL

FULL-TIME

OF

M anufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in du stries

M anufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

10 0

10 0

loo

10 0

10 0

WORKERS

WORKERS

-—

— —

-----

10 0

100

10 0

IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S P R O V I D I N G AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BE NE FI TS
S H O W N B E L O W 1 ---------------- — ---- ---- ----

94

98

90

10 0

99

98

99

100

L I F E I N S U R A N C E ----------------------------N O N C U N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------

84
48

93
62

76
36

100
74

97
56

98
67

97
54

10 0
82

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
D I S M E M B E R M E N T I N S U R A N C E --------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----- -------- —

60
35

57
41

62
29

92
66

74
38

77
61

73
34

99
82

SICKNESS
OR SICK

76

86

67

94

95

89

96

10 0

45
28

64
45

29
14

38
23

30
10

61
41

25
4

8
5

27

15

37

35

77

59

80

35

15

11

18

37

11

1

13

58

35
26

31
26

39
26

80
68

73
37

62
45

75
35

92
78

H O S P I T A L I Z A T I O N I N S U R A N C E -------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------

92
44

98
61

88
29

100
68

99
42

98
50

99
41

10 0
78

S U R G I C A L I N S U R A N C E -----------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------

92
44

98
61

88
29

10 0
68

99
42

98
50

99
41

10 0
78

M E D I C A L I N S U R A N C E ------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------

84
41

82
55

86
29

10 0
68

96
42

81
46

99
41

10 0
78

-------------------------------

82
33

75
38

88
29

10 0
68

99
39

93
24

99
41

10 0
78

D E N T A L I N S U R A N C E -------------------------N O N C U N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------

21
20

23
23

19
16

70
70

16
15

28
28

14
13

67
67

R E T I R E M E N T P E N S I O N ----------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------

61
58

71
69

53
49

82
79

82
66

84
80

82
64

94
93

AND AC CIDENT INSURANCE
L E A V E O R B O T H 1b -------- — -----

SICK NE SS AND ACCI DE NT
I N S U R A N C E ------------ ------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS —
----SI CK LE A V E (FULL PAY AND NO
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) -------- --------------SI C K L E A V E ( P AR TI AL P A Y OR
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) -----------------------LONG-TERM DISABILITY
INSURANCE
NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE
NONCUNTRIBUTORY PLANS

—
----------------

See footnotes at end o f tables.




18

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Jackson, Miss., January 1977
P la n t w o rk e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s
M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s tr ie s

Ite m
A ll
pla n s 17

TYPE

f u l l -time
wo r k e r s
are p r
FLAT-SUM DOLLAR A M O U N T •
P E R C E N T OF ALL F U L L - T I M E
of

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 1
7

A ll
pla n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
pla n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 1
7

CE P L A N AN D A M O U N T
OF I N S U R A N C E

all

amount

N o n c o n trib u to ry
pla n s 1
7

o v i d e d

the

same

W O R K E R S 18--------------------------i n su ran ce
p r o v i d e d : 19
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N ------------------------------—
----------- —
M I 0 0 L E R A N G E (SO P t H C E N T ) ------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E (80 P E R C E N T ) -------------------------

A M O U N T o f I N S U R A N C E IS B A S E D ON A S C H E D U L E
W H I C H I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D D O L L A R A M O U N T OF
I N S U R A N C E F O R A S P E C I F I E D L E N G T H Or S E R V I C t :
P E R C E N T O F A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 18-------------------------A M O U N T OF I N S U R A N C E P R O V I O t O 19AF T E R :
6 MO N T H S OF SE RV IC E:
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------M t D IAN
M I D D L E R A N G E ( S o P E R C E N T ) -------------------------M I O D L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -------------------------1 Y E A R OF S E R V I C E :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) -------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -------------------------5 YE AR S OF SERVICE:
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N ------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 50 P E R C E N T ) -------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) -------------------------10 Y E A R S O F S E R V I C E :
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------ ------M E D I A N ----------------- ------- ------------------------- ------M I D D L E R A N G E (50 P E R C E N T ) --------------------M I D D L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) --------------------20 Y E A R S O F S E R V I C E :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N ---------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E (50 P E R C E N T ) --------------- ----M I O D L E R A N G E ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ---------------------

AS
$4,200
$3,1)00
$8,000- 5,000
$1,5 00 - 7,500

5

$2,500

25
$ 3 , SCO
$8,500
$ 8 ,0 00 - 5,000
1 * 000* io*ooo

3

(6 )

(6)
(6)

(6 )

(6 )

(6)

(6)

$2,500
$2,000
$ 2 ,0 0 0 - 2 ,0 0 0
$ 8 , 0 0 0 - S.OCO

$3,100
$ 2 ,0 00
$2,000- 5,000
$2,000- 5,000

$5,000
$4,0 00
$4» 0v0 - 4 ,0 0 0
$4,000- 5,000

$4,000
$ 4 ,0 0 0 - 5 ,0 0 0
*4,000-15,000

$6,100
$4,000
$4,000- 4,000
$4,000-10,000

$8,500
$4,000
$4,000-10,000
$4,000-20,000

$6,800
$4,000
$4,000- 4,000
$4,000-12,500

$9,800
$4,000
$4,000-12,500
$4,000-23,300

$6,100

42
$3,500
$3,000
$2»Ono- 5,000
$1*000" 7*500

S

3

16
$5,500
*5,000
$£,500-10,000
$1*000-10,000

3

15

n
$5,700
$5,000
$2,000-10,000
$1,000-10,000

3

$4,000
$4,000
$2,0 00 - 5,000
$ 1 ,0 00 - 6,000

5

9
$3,500
$2,000
$2,000- 4,000
$1,000-10*000

3

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

$1,100

$1,400
(6)
(6)
(6)

$1,400

(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6 )

(6 )

$3 * 5 0 0

(6 )

(*3>

(6)

(6 )

$3,500
(6)

(6 )

(6)
(6)

(6 )

(6)
(6)

CM

(6 )

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)

(6 )
(6)
(6)

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6)

(6 )

$1,000
(6)

(6)
(6)

(6)

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6 )

$5,000
(6)

(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

$6,800
(6)
(6)
(6)

(fc)
(6 )

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




30
$3,500
$3 * O Q w
$2,000- 5,000
$1,0 00 - 7.500

19

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6)

(6 )

(6)
(6)

(6)

$5,100
(6)
(6)
(6)
$7,000
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)

(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6 )

(6)
(6 )

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Jackson, Miss., January 1977— Continued
P la n t w o rk e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s
M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s trie s

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

I te m
A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
pla n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

A ll
pla n s 1
7

1A

1u

20

20

20

N one o n t r ib u t o r y
pla n s 1
7

A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s 1
7

TY P E OF P L A N AN O A M O U N T
OF INSURA NC E - C O N T I N U E D

A M O U N T O F I N S U R A N C E IS B A S E D O N A S C H E D U L E
W H IC H IN DI CA TE S A S P E C I F I E D DO L L A R AM OU NT OF
INSURA NC E FOR A S P E C I F I E D AM OU NT OF E A R N I N G S 8
p e r c e n t of A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 18 --------------------A M O U N T O F I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E O 19 I F s
ANNUAL EA RN IN GS ARE $5,000!
m e a n

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

ANNUAL

---------------------------------------------------------

$ 5 ,5 0 0

M E D IA N
$11,000
M I D D L E R A N G E <50 P E R C E N T ) ------------------$8,000-11.000
M I D D L E R A N G E <80 P E R C E N T ) ------------------$5,000-11,000
EARN IN GS ARE $10,000!
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------$ 1A , 80 0
M E D I A N ----------------------------------------------------$11,500
M I D D L E R A N G E <50 P E R C E N T ) ------------------- $ 1 1 , 5 0 0 - 1 7 , 5 0 0
M I D D L E R A N G E <80 P E R C E N T ) --------------- $ 1 0 , 0 0 0 - 2 5 , 0 0 0
EA RNINGS ARE $15,000!
m e a n --------------------------------------------$21,700
M E D I A N -----------------------------------------$16,500
M I D D L E R A N G E <50 P E R C E N T ) --------------- $ l b , 5 0 0 - 2 0 , 0 0 0
M I D D L E R A N G E <80 P E R C E N T ) --------------- $ 1 0 , 0 0 0 - 3 0 , 0 0 0
EARNINGS ARE $20,000!
M E A N --------------------------------------------$ 2 1 ,son
M E D I A N -----------------------------------------$22,000
M I D D L E R A N G E <50 P E R C E N T ) --------------- $ 2 0 , 0 0 0 - 2 2 , 0 0 0
M I D O L E R A N G E <80 P E R C E N T ) --------------- $ 1 0 , 0 0 0 - 3 0 , 0 0 0

A M O U N T O F I N S U R A N C E IS E X P R E S S t O A S A F A C T O R O F
A N N U A L E A R N I N G S ! 20
P E R C E N T O F A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S 18---------------FACTOR OF ANNUAL EARNINGS USED TO CALCULATE
A M O U N T O F I N S U R A N C E ! 19 20
M E A N --------------------------------------------M E D I A N -----------------------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E <50 P t R C E N T ) --------------M I D D L E R A N G E <80 P E R C E N T ) --------------P E R C E N T OF AL L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S C O V E R E D BY
P L A N S NO T S P E C I F Y I N G A M A X I M U M A M O U N T OF
I N S U R A N C E -----------------------------------------------P E R C E N T O F A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S C O V E R E D BY
P L AN S S P E C I F Y I N G A M A X I M U M A M OU NT OF
I N S U R A N C E -----------------------------------------------S P E C I F I E D M A X I M U M A M O U N T O F I N S U R A N C E ! 18
M E A N --------------------------------------------M E D I A N -------------- — ------------------------M I D D L E R A N G E <50 P t R C t N T ) --------------M I D D L E R A N G E <80 P E R C E N T ) ---------------

A M O U N T O F I N S U R A N C E IS B A S E D
OF PLAN!
P E R C E N T OF AL L F U L L - T I M E

ON

SOME

OTHER

15

1.33
1.00
1.00-1.50
1.00-2.00

13

2
$63,300

16

16

$10,600
(6)
(6)
(6)

$10,600
(6)
<6 )
(6)

$10,600
<6)
(6)
<6 )

$9,800
$10,000
$9,000-11,000
$6,000-11,000

$6,300
(6)
(6)
(6)

$6,500
(6)
(6)
<6 )

$6,500
16)
<6>
<6>

$13,000
<6)
(6)
(6)

$13,000
<6 )
(6 )
<6)

$13,000
(6)
(6)
(6)

$16,600
$20,000
$12,000-22,000
$10,000-22,000

$11,600
(6)
(6)
(6)

$12,000
(6)
<fe)

$12,000
<6 )
< 6)
< 6)

$17,900
(6)
< 6)
< 6)

$17,900
<6)
<6)
(6)

$17,900
(6)
(6)
(6)

$23,300
$30,000
$15,000-30,000
$15,000-30,000

$16,000
<6)
(6)
< 6)

$16,700
<6)
(6)
(6)

$16,700
(6)
<6>
(6)

$22,900
(6)
<6)
<6)

$22,900

$22,900
<6)
(6)
<6 >

$30,200
$30,000
$20,000-40,000
$20,000-42,000

$21,100
(6)
(6 >
<6)

$22,000
<6 )
< 6)
< 6)

$22,000
< 6)
<6)
<6)

11

1.2C
1.00
1.00-1.00
1.00-2.00

10

1
$78,700

$A0,000

$ 4 0 ,000

$40,000-120,000
$40,000-120,000

$40,000-120,000
$40,000-120,000

(6 )
<6)
< 6)

12

1.36
1. SC
1.00-1.5C
.75-2.00

11

1
(6)
(6)
(6)
<6)

8

1.44
1.50
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.00

7

1
(6)

<6)
<6)

(6 )

40

1.58
2.00
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.00

35

32

1.55
2.00
1.00-2.00
1.00-2.00

28

5
$72,000
$90,000
$40,000- 90.000
$30,000-120,000

<4)

40

1.84
2.00
1.67-2.00
1.50-2.00

37

3
$83,700
$90,000
$40,000-120.000
$30,000-120.000

<6)
< 6)
< 6)
<6 >

33

1.89
(6)
(6)
< 6)

30

3

(6)
<6)
(6)

<6>

TYPE

W O R K E R S 18----------------

(12)

(12)

13

See footnotes at end of tables.




3

20

4

8

6

Footnotes

S o m e o f th e s e sta n d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y not a p p ly to th is b u lle tin .

14 In c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r than " le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e rc e n ta g e
o f annual e a rn in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r te d to an e q u iv a le n t tim e
b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e ­
f le c t in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n ; f o r e x a m p le , chan ges in p r o ­
p o r tio n s at 10 y e a r s in c lu d e ch an ges b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s
a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r tio n e li g i b l e fo r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay
a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s ie e l i g i b l e f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p ay a f t e r f e w e r
y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
15 E s tim a te s lis t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e fit a r e fo r a ll p lans f o r w h ich
a t le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r .
"N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly th o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y the e m p lo y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e
le g a l l y r e q u ir e d p la n s , such as w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
1 U n d u p lic a ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and
6
a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e shown s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e plans a r e lim it e d to
th o s e w h ich d e fin it e ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m nu m ber o f d a y s ' pay
th at e a c h e m p lo y e e can e x p e c t.
In fo r m a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d
on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e exclu d ed .
1 E s tim a te s u n der " A l l p la n s " r e la t e to a ll plans fo r w h ich at le a s t
7
a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r .
E s tim a te s u n der " N o n c o n t r ib ­
u to r y p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly th o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y the e m p lo y e r .
18 F o r " A l l in d u s t r ie s ," a l l f u ll - t i m e plan t w o r k e r s or o f f ic e w o r k e r s
equ al 100 p e rc e n t.
F o r "M a n u fa c t u r in g ," a ll f u ll - t i m e plant w o r k e r s o r
o f f ic e w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu rin g equ al 100 p e rc e n t.
19 T h e m e a n am oun t is com p u ted b y m u ltip ly in g the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s
p r o v id e d in s u r a n c e b y th e am oun t o f in s u ra n c e p r o v id e d , to ta lin g the p r o d ­
u c ts , and d iv id in g the sum b y th e n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n in d ic a te s
that h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s a r e p r o v id e d an am ount equ al to o r s m a lle r and h a lf
an am ou n t eq u a l to o r la r g e r than the am ount shown.
M id d le ra n g e (50 p e r ­
c e n t)— a fo u r th o f th e w o r k e r s a r e p r o v id e d an am ount equ al to o r le s s than
th e s m a lle r am ou n t and a fo u r th a r e p r o v id e d an am oun t equ al to o r m o r e
than th e l a r g e r am oun t.
M id d le ra n g e (80 p e r c e n t)— 10 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k ­
e r s a r e p r o v id e d an am ou n t eq u a l to o r le s s than the s m a lle r am ount and 10
p e r c e n t a r e p r o v id e d an am oun t equ al to o r m o r e than the l a r g e r am ount.
20 A fa c t o r o f annual e a r n in g s is the n u m b er b y w h ich annual e a r n in g s
a r e m u ltip lie d to d e te r m in e the am ount o f in s u ra n c e p ro v id e d .
F o r e x a m p le ,
a fa c t o r o f 2 in d ic a te s th at f o r annual e a rn in g s o f $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 the am oun t o f
in s u r a n c e p r o v id e d is $20, 000.

S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f l e c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p ay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g ­
u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly
h o u rs.
2 T h e m e a n is co m p u te d f o r ea c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f
a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig ­
nates p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e i v e th e s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e ­
c e iv e th e s a m e o r le s s than the r a te shown.
T h e m id d le r a n g e is d e fin e d
b y tw o r a te s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the s a m e o r le s s than
the l o w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u rth e a r n th e s a m e o r m o r e than the
h ig h e r r a te .
3 E a r n in g s data r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n tific a tio n w as
p r o v id e d b y th e e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
E s tim a te s f o r p e r io d s ending p r io r to 197 6 r e la t e to m e n o n ly fo r
s k ille d m a in te n a n c e and u n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s .
A l l o th e r e s tim a te s r e ­
la te to m e n and w o m en .
6 D ata d o not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a ila b le .
7
F o r m a l l y e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e h ir in g s a l­
a r ie s th at a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s .
8 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
9 D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a l l sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r
the m o s t c o m m o n sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .
10 In c lu d e s a l l p lan t w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t ­
in g la te s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r la te
s h ifts , e v e n th ough th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te
s h ifts .
1 L e s s than 0.05 p e rc e n t.
1
12 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
1 A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf d ays th at add to the s a m e am oun t
3
a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l o f
10 d ays in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 10 fu ll d ays and no h a lf d a y s, 9 fu ll d a y s and
2 h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll d ays and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on.
P r o p o r t io n s th en
w e r e c u m u la te d .




21




Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
D ata on a r e a w a g e s and r e la t e d b e n e fits a r e o b ta in ed by p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u re a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
In each o f th e
in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is
c o lle c t e d by a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is i t , m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e
in t e r v ie w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In each o f th e 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , data a r e o b ta in e d f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c ­
tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r ta t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r
in d u s try g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and
th e c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g 'f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in th e o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r each
o f th e b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y by in d u s try and n u m b er o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e le c t e d , w ith each
e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d ch an ce o f s e le c tio n . T o o b ta in o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts is s e le c t e d .
W h en data a r e c o m b in e d , each e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d
a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c t io n , so th at u n b ia sed e s tim a te s a r e
g en era ted .
F o r e x a m p le , i f on e out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d , it is
g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s th r e e o th e r s .
A n a lte r n a t e o f
th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b ilit y is ch o sen in th e s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n i f d ata a r e not a v a ila b le f r o m th e o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
s u ita b le su b s titu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s im ila r to th e m is s in g unit.
O c c u p a tio n s and e a rn in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f th e fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 )
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e , t o o lr o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e
accou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u ties w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in a p p e n d ix B.

U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g th e jo b t it le s
a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f th e occ u p a tio n s
lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in th e s c o p e 'o f the
s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n te d in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e ca u s e e ith e r (1) e m p lo y ­
m en t in th e o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e s e n ­
ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t
d ata.
S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e not p re s e n te d w hen th e
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e rc e n t o r m o r e o f th e m en
o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an o c c u p a tio n .
E a rn in g s data not shown s e p a r a t e ly
fo r in d u s try d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in data f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r o c c u p a tio n s w ith m o r e than on e l e v e l , data a r e in clu d ed in
th e o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n
to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e shown f o r f u ll- t im e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le.
E a rn in g s
data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e b on u ses a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h ou rs f o r o f f ic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s r e f e r to th e stan dard
w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p ay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
an d /o r p r e m iu m
r a t e s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e s e occ u p a tio n s
a r e rou n ded to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in th e d is trib u tio n
o f w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a ch an ge in th e s iz e o f th e c la s s
in t e r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t im e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l
jo b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y ch an ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s . F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h an ge,
o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e tte r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an
o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v en though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e
w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r .
C h an ges in e a rn in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in
ta b le A - 7 , a r e b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a rn in g s c h an ges f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e g ro u p s .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s .
In d u s tr ie s
1
Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk-Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News-Hampton, V a .— C . ;
N.
d if fe r e n t ly to th e e s tim a te s f o r ea c h jo b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
and Syracuse, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas
at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.
a c c u r a te ly th e w a g e d if fe r e n t ia l am on g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .




A v e r a g e p a y le v e l s f o r m en and w o m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s
should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d if fe r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s
in c lu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n ly th e r a te s p a id
in cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c if ic d u ties w ith in th e
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n s .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s u s e d to c l a s s if y e m p lo y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u sed in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in
s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t th e t o ta l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e study and not th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r , e s tim a te s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te th e r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
These
d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s d ata.

W a g e tr e n d s f o r

s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p s

T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h an ges
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r tin g
th e tr e n d jo b s in both th e c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e d ata a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e th e e ffe c t on a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m en t s h ifts am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in c lu d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a ffe c t e d by
f a c t o r s o th e r than w a g e in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , l a y o f f s , and tu r n o v e r m a y
a ffe c t an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a tio n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p a id
u n d er p la n s p r o v id in g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s .
In p e r io d s
o f in c r e a s e d h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n e w e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at th e b o tto m
o f th e r a n g e , d e p r e s s in g th e a v e r a g e w ith ou t a ch an ge in w a g e r a te s .
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e la t e to w a g e c h a n ges b e tw e e n th e in d ic a te d
d a te s .
W h en th e t im e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m o n th s , annual
r a te s a r e show n.
(I t is a s s u m e d th at w a g e s in c r e a s e at a c on stan t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)
O c c u p a tio n s u sed to c o m p u te w a g e tr e n d s

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l
S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten o g ra p h ers, g e n e ra l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s
A and B
F i l e c l e r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen gers
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s 2

are:

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l — C ontinu ed
O r d e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A c c o u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o l l c le r k s
K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e

C o m p u te r s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s

U n s k ille d plant

R e g is t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
nur s e s

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l han d lin g la b o r e r s

P e r c e n t c h a n ge s f o r
as fo llo w s :




in th e p r o g r a m a r e co m p u te d

1.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c o m p u te d f o r each o c c u p a tio n f o r
th e 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d .
T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th o s e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a r e in the
s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a in s u n ch an ged.

2.

E a c h o c c u p a tio n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its
p r o p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in
th e b a s e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d to c o m p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t.
T h e p ro d u c ts a r e to ta le d
to o b ta in a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a t io o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
co m p u te d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t— l e s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t chan ge.

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip t io n o f th e m eth o d u sed to com p u te
th e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u rv e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly
L a b o r R e v i e w , J a n u a ry 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s

and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s

T h e in c id e n c e o f s e le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v is io n s is s tu d ie d f o r f u l l - t i m e p lan t w o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s .
P la n t w o r k e r s in c lu d e n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s and w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s
e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
( C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and ro u te w o r k e r s a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in c lu d e d in n on m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .)
O f f ic e w o r k e r s in c lu d e n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s and w o r k in g
s u p e r v is o r s p e r f o r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s .
L e a d w o r k e r s and
t r a in e e s a r e in c lu d e d a m o n g n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s . A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u ­
t i v e , p r o f e s s io n a l and p a r t - t i m e e m p lo y e e s as w e l l as c o n s tru c tio n w o r k e r s
u t iliz e d as s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m both th e plant and o f f i c e
w o r k e r c a t e g o r ie s .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s (ta b le B - l ) . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s
w o r k e r s r e la t e o n ly to th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
B e c a u s e o f th e
s a m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d and th e p r o b a b ilit y that la r g e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts a r e m o r e l ik e ly than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts to h a ve f o r m a l e n tr a n c e

2
In 1977, switchboard operators are included in the wage trend computation for all except the following
f o r o f f ic e
areas: Canton, Chicago, Cincinnati, Davenport-Rock Island-Moline, Houston, Huntsville, Jackson, New Orleans,
o p tim u m
Portland (Oregon), Providence-Warwick—
Pawtucket, Richmond, San Antonio, Seattle-Everett, South Bend,
and Wichita.

in d iv id u a l a r e a s

r a te s a b o v e th e s u b c le r ic a l l e v e l , the ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o lic ie s
in m e d iu m and l a r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
(T h e " X ' s " shown u n der s tan d a rd
w e e k ly h o u rs in d ic a te th at no m e a n in g fu l to ta ls a r e a p p lic a b le .)
Data w e r e c o lle c t e d
S h ift d if fe r e n t ia ls --- m a n u fa c tu rin g (ta b le B - 2 ) .
on p o lic ie s o f m a n u fa c tu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e g a r d in g pay d iffe r e n t ia ls f o r
plan t w o r k e r s on la te s h ifts .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts c o n s id e r e d as h a vin g p o lic ie s
a r e th o s e w h ich (1 ) h a v e p r o v is io n s in w r it in g c o v e r in g the o p e r a tio n o f la te
s h ifts , o r (2 ) h a ve o p e r a te d la te s h ifts at any t im e d u rin g th e 12 m onths
p r e c e d in g a s u r v e y .
W h en e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a ve s e v e r a l d if fe r e n t ia ls w h ich
v a r y b y jo b , th e d if f e r e n t ia l a p p ly in g to th e m a jo r it y o f the p lan t w o r k e r s is
reco rd ed .
W h en e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v e d if fe r e n t ia ls w h ic h a p p ly o n ly to c e r ta in
hours o f w o r k , th e d if fe r e n t ia l a p p ly in g to th e m a jo r it y o f th e sh ift h o u rs is
reco rd ed .
F o r p u rp o s e s o f th is stu d y, a la te s h ift is e ith e r a s e co n d (e v e n in g )
s h ift w h ic h ends at o r n e a r m id n ig h t o r a th ir d (n ig h t) sh ift w h ic h s ta r ts at o r
n e a r m id n ig h t.
D if fe r e n t ia ls f o r s e c o n d and th ir d s h ifts a r e s u m m a r iz e d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r (1) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic ie s (a n e s ta b lis h m e n t's d if fe r e n t ia ls a r e w e ig h te d by
a ll p lan t w o r k e r s in th e e s ta b lis h m e n t at th e t im e o f th e s u r v e y ) and (2)
e f fe c t i v e p r a c t ic e s (an e s ta b lis h m e n t's d iffe r e n t ia ls a r e w e ig h te d by plant
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c ifie d s h ift at th e tim e o f th e s u r v e y ).
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs ; p aid h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth ,
in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s .
P r o v is io n s w h ich a p p ly to a m a jo r it y o f th e
p lan t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e c o n s id e r e d to a p p ly to a ll
p lan t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in th e e s ta b lis h m e n t; a p r a c t ic e o r p r o v is io n is
c o n s id e r e d n o n e x is te n t w h en it a p p lie s to le s s than a m a jo r it y .
H o lid a y s ;
v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s a r e c o n s id e r e d a p p lic a b le
to e m p lo y e e s c u r r e n t ly e lig ib le f o r th e b e n e fits as w e ll as to e m p lo y e e s who
w i l l e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e e lig ib le .
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs and d ays (ta b le B - 3 ) . S ch ed u led w e e k ly
h o u rs and d ays r e f e r to th e n u m b er o f h o u rs and d ays p e r w e e k w h ich f u l l ­
t im e f i r s t (d a y ) s h ift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e th e r p a id f o r at
s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .
P a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) . H o lid a y s a r e in clu d ed o n ly i f th e y a r e
g ra n te d an n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s is (p r o v id e d f o r in w r itte n fo r m o r e s t a b ­
lis h e d b y c u s to m ).
T h e y a r e in c lu d e d e v e n though in a p a r t ic u la r y e a r
th e y f a l l on a n o n w o rk d a y and e m p lo y e e s a r e not g ra n te d a n o th er d ay o f f .
E m p lo y e e s m a y b e p a id f o r th e t im e o f f o r m a y r e c e i v e p r e m iu m p a y in
lie u o f t im e o f f .
D ata a r e ta b u la te d to show th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s w ho (1) a r e g ra n te d
s p e c if ic n u m b e rs o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s and (2 ) a r e g ra n te d s p e c ifie d
am oun ts o f t o ta l h o lid a y t im e (w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a r e a g g r e g a t e d ).
P a id v a c a tio n s (ta b le B - 5 ) . E s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t t h e ir m eth o d o f
c a lc u la tin g v a c a tio n p a y (t im e b a s is , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , fla t - s u m
p a y m e n t, e tc .) and th e am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y g ra n te d .
O n ly b a s ic f o r m a l
p la n s a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a tio n b o n u s es , v a c a tio n - s a v in g s p la n s , and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyon d b a s ic p la n s a r e ex c lu d e d .
F o r ta b u la tin g v a c a tio n p a y g r a n te d , a ll p r o v is io n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a t im e b a s is .
V a c a tio n p a y c a lc u la te d on o th e r than a t im e b a s is is
c o n v e r te d to A s e q u iv a le n t tim e p e r io d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
fo r e x a m p le , is ta b u la te d as 1 w e e k 's v a c a tio n p a y .
,A ls o , p r o v is io n s a ft e r ea c h s p e c ifie d le n g th o f s e r v ic e a r e r e la t e d
to a l l p lan t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f le n g th o f




s e r v ic e .
V a c a tio n plans c o m m o n ly p r o v id e f o r a l a r g e r am ount o f v a c a tio n
p a y as s e r v i c e le n g th e n s .
C ounts o f p lan t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s by le n g th o f
s e r v ic e w e r e not o b ta in e d .
T h e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n p ay g ra n te d p r e s e n t,
t h e r e f o r e , s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e s o f th e s e p r o v is io n s r a th e r than p r o p o r tio n s
o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s (ta b le s B - 6 a n d B - 7 ) . H e a lth ,
in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s in c lu d e p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r p ays
e ith e r a ll o r p a r t o f th e c o s t.
T h e c o s t m a y be (1 ) u n d e r w r itte n b y a
c o m m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n , (2 ) c o v e r e d by a
union fund to w h ich th e e m p lo y e r has c o n trib u te d , o r (3 ) b o rn e d i r e c t l y by
th e e m p lo y e r out o f o p e r a tin g funds o r a fund s e t a s id e to c o v e r th e co s tA p la n is in c lu d e d e v e n th ough a m a jo r it y o f th e e m p lo y e e s in an e s t a b lis h ­
m en t do not c h o o s e to p a r t ic ip a t e in it b e c a u s e th e y a r e r e q u ir e d to b e a r
p a r t o f its c o s t (p r o v id e d th e c h o ic e to p a r t ic ip a t e is a v a ila b le o r w i l l
e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e a v a ila b le to a m a j o r i t y ) .
L e g a l l y r e q u ir e d p lan s such as
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y c o m p e n s a tio n , and
t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e 3 a r e e x c lu d e d .
L i f e in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s f o r m a l p lan s p r o v id in g in d e m n ity (u s u a lly
th ro u g h an in s u r a n c e p o lic y ) in c a s e o f d eath o f th e c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
In fo r m a tio n is a ls o p r o v id e d in ta b le B - 7 on ty p e s o f l i f e in s u ra n c e p lan s
and th e am ount o f c o v e r a g e in a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d and in m a n u fa c tu rin g .
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t is lim it e d to p la n s w h ich
p r o v id e b e n e fit p a y m e n ts in c a s e o f d eath o r lo s s o f lim b o r sigh t as a
d ir e c t r e s u lt o f an a c c id e n t.
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e in c lu d e s o n ly th o s e p lan s w h ich
p r o v id e that p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts b e m a d e d i r e c t ly to e m p lo y e e s
w ho lo s e t im e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f illn e s s o r in ju r y , e .g ., $5 0 a w e e k
f o r up to 26 w e e k s o f d is a b ilit y .
S ic k le a v e p lan s a r e l im it e d to f o r m a l p lan s 4 w h ich p r o v id e fo r
con tin u in g an e m p lo y e e 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e ca u s e o f illn e s s .
D ata c o lle c t e d d is tin g u is h b e tw e e n (1 ) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y w ith no
w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) p lan s w h ich e ith e r p r o v id e p a r t ia l p a y o r r e q u ir e a
w a itin g p e r io d .
3 Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illnoss
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island.
Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2 ) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included.
In Rhode Island,, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which' only employees
contribute.
In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers cctatribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified m a x i m u m
and employers pay the difference between the employees1 share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New Yoik, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.
Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance. Act) provides temporary disability insurance
benefits to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not.
The legislation requires
that employers bear the entire cost of the insurance.
4 A n establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.

L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts to t o t a lly
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon th e e x p ir a tio n o f t h e ir p a id s ic k le a v e an d / o r s ic k ­
n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e te r m in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ility
( t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n ts a r e m a d e u n til th e end o f th e d is a b ilit y , a
m a x im u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y ­
m en ts a r e a lm o s t a lw a y s re d u c e d b y s o c ia l s e c u r it y , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y
c o m p e n s a tio n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n b e n e fits p a y a b le to th e d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .
H o s p ita liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e p lan s r e p o r te d
in th e s e s u r v e y s p r o v id e fu ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m en t f o r b a s ic s e r v ic e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e c o v e r s h o s p ita l r o o m and b o a rd and m a y c o v e r
o th e r h o s p ita l e x p e n s e s .
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n c e c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' fe e s .
M e d ic a l
in s u ra n c e c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' f e e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h o s p ita l c a lls .
P la n s
r e s t r ic t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t iv e m e d ic a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r 's c a r e f o r m in o r
a ilm e n ts at a w o r k e r 's p la c e o f e m p lo y m e n t a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e c o v e r a g e a p p lie s to s e r v ic e s w h ich go
beyon d th e b a s ic
s e r v ic e s
c o v e r e d u n der h o s p it a liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and
m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u ra n c e t y p ic a lly (1) r e q u ir e s th at a
" d e d u c tib le " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) be m e t b e fo r e b e n e fits b e g in , (2 ) has a c o in s u ra n c e
fe a tu r e that r e q u ir e s th e in s u re d to p ay a p o r tio n ( e . g . , 20 p e rc e n t) o f
c e r ta in e x p e n s e s , and (3 ) has a s p e c ifie d d o lla r m a x im u m o f b e n e fits ( e . g . ,
$ 10,000 a y e a r ) .

L a b o r-m a n a g em en t a g re e m en t c o v e ra g e
T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n sh ow s the p e r c e n t o f f u ll- t im e p la n t and
o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e J ack son a r e a in w h ich a
u n ion c o n tr a c t o r c o n tr a c ts c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f the w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c ­
t iv e c a t e g o r ie s , J a n u a ry 1977:
P la n t w o r k e r s

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

37
52
23
87

10

A l l in d u s tr ie s
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________
N on m an u f a ctiyrin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s

-

12
63

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to h a v e a c o n tra c t c o v e r in g a l l p lan t
o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d b y a l a b o r m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t.
T h e r e f o r e , a l l o th e r p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s a r e
e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts th at e it h e r do n o t h a v e la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n ­
t r a c t s in e f fe c t , o r h a v e c o n tr a c ts th at a p p ly to f e w e r than h a lf o f th e ir p la n t
o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s . E s tim a te s a r e n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n ta tiv e o f the e x te n t
to w h ich a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d b y the p r o v is io n s o f la b o r m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex c lu d e d and the
in d u s tr ia l s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is lim it e d .

D en ta l in s u r a n c e p lan s p r o v id e n o r m a l d e n ta l s e r v ic e b e n e fits ,
u s u a lly fo r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s .
P la n s w h ich p r o v id e b e n e fits
o n ly f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a ir in g a c c id e n t d a m a g e a r e not r e p o r te d .
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n plan s p r o v id e f o r r e g u la r p a y m e n ts to th e r e t i r e e
fo r l i f e .
In clu d ed a r e d e fe r r e d p r o f it - s h a r in g p lan s w h ic h p r o v id e th e o p tio n
o f p u rc h a s in g a l i f e t i m e annuity.




In d u s tr ia l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa c tu rin g
O v e r o n e - th ir d o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the
J a ck son a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s . T h e fo llo w in g p re s e n ts
the m a jo r in d u s tr y g ro u p s and s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll
m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u s tr y g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m en t
and s u p p lie s _____________ _
23
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c ts _____ 20
F u rn itu r e and f i x t u r e s __________ 14
Stone, c la y , and g la s s
p r o d u c ts __________________________11
T r a n s p o r ta tio n e q u ip m e n t_____ 7
A p p a r e l and o th e r t e x t ile
p r o d u c ts _________________________ 6

H o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e ____________ 14
M e a t p r o d u c ts ___________________ 10
M is c e lla n e o u s e l e c t r i c a l
e q u ip m e n t and s u p p lie s ______ 10
E l e c t r i c lig h tin g and
w ir in g e q u ip m e n t_____________ 6
A i r c r a f t and p a r t s _____________ 6

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f to t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d
f r o m u n iv e r s e m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in
v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts
o f th e s u r v e y as shown in a p p e n d ix ta b le 1.

Appendix ta b le 1. Establishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied
in Jackson, M is s .,1 January 1977
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in scope o f stu d y

e m p lo y m e n t
I n d u s tr y d i v is io n 2
t'

m e n ts in scope
o f s tu d y

------ ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ------------------------ -------------------- TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 5 --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------- --------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE — -----SERVICES

228

F u l l- t i m e
p la n t w o rk e r s

F u l l- t i m e
o ffic e w o rk e r s

100

2 3 ,901

7 ,8 2 9

2 9 ,5 9 5

1*113
6 ,7 1 6

11,043
18,552

1 ,2 36

5 ,1 3 7
1 ,8 52
5 ,5 0 3
3 ,8 31
2 ,2 2 9

P e rc e n t

50

68
160

35
80

1 4 ,284
2 5 ,9 9 9

35
65

1 1 ,085
12,816

50
50
50
50
50

22
31
52
29
26

13
15
23
13
16

5 ,6 8 9
3 ,3 5 4
8 ,4 4 9
5 ,2 8 4
3 ,2 2 3

14
8
21
13
8

2 ,7 7 4
( 6)
<6 >
<7 >
( 6>

1 T h e J a c k s o n S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O ffic e o f M a n a g e m e n t
and B u d g e t th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, ^ c onsists o f H in d s and R a n k in C o u n tie s .
T he " w o r k e r s w ith in
scope o f s tu d y 1' e s tim a te s show n in t h is ta b le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f th e s iz e
and c o m p o s itio n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s tim a te s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r,
f o r c o m p a r is io n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u re e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1)
p la n n in g o f w age s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad v a n c e o f th e p a y r o ll
p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e scope o f th e s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C la s s if ic a tio n M a n u a l w as u s e d to c la s s if y
e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n ^
H o w e v e r, a l l g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s a re e x c lu d e d f r o m th e
scope o f th e s u rv e y .
3 In c lu d e s a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r above th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A ll
o u tle ts ( w ith in th e a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s su c h as tr a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e re d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, p a r t - t im e , and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a ra te
p la n t and o ffic e c a te g o rie s .




A 0 ,283

115

Studied

T o t a l4

S tudied
N um ber

ALL D IV I S I O N S ------ -----------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g

W ith in scope
o f s tu d y *

( b)

( 6>
( 6>
< 6>

T o t a l4

5 A b b re v ia te d to " p u b lic u t il it ie s " in th e A - and B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s
in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta t io n a re e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the
A - s e r ie s ta b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in th e B - s e r ie s ta b le s . S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f d a ta is
n o t m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g re a s o n s : (1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough
data to m e r i t s e p a ra te s tu d y , (2) th e s a m p le w as n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n ,
(3) re s p o n s e w as in s u ff ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y
o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e rs f r o m t h is e n tir e d iv is io n a r e r e p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s trie s ' and
! ' n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in th e A - s e r ie s ta b le s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s ta te p o r t io n o n ly in e s tim a te s fo r
" a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data is
n o t m a d e f o r one o r m o re o f th e re a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6.
8 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile
r e p a ir , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ) ; and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

27




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its f i e l d s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n der a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h ­
m en t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m its th e g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b con tent.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a ­
s is on in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if fe r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m th o s e
in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u rp o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , th e B u re a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e
in s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .
H a n d ica p p ed
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e re d u c e d b e c a u s e o f th e ir ha n d icap a r e a ls o
e x c lu d e d .
T r a in e e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s u r v e y e x c e p t f o r th o s e r e ­
c e iv in g o n - t h e - jo b tr a in in g in s o m e o f th e lo w e r l e v e l p r o fe s s io n a l and
te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s .

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

SECRETARY

E x c lu s io n s — C ontinu ed

A s s ig n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - to - d a y a c t iv ­
it ie s o f th e s u p e r v is o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f
d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u tie s
r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e ro u tin e and u n d erstan d in g o f the
o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .

a.

m e e t th e

" p e r s o n a l"

s e cre ta ry

con cep t

b.

S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f f i c e a s s is ta n ts
fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d.

N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e
c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n
a r e as fo llo w s :

S te n o g ra p h e rs not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u tie s ;

c.

E x c lu s io n s




P o s it io n s w h ich do not
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;

A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ich e n ta il m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e ­
s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , o r s u p e r v is o r y d u ties w h ich
a r e not t y p ic a l'o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e .g ., A d m in is t r a t iv e A s s i s t ­
an t, o r E x e c u tiv e A s s is ta n t ;

L is t e d b e lo w a r e s e v e r a l o c c u p a tio n s f o r w h ich r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n s o r t it le s a r e b e in g in tro d u c e d
in th is s u r v e y :
T o o l and d ie m a k e r
G u ard
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r
(p r e v io u s ly s u r v e y e d
as sh ip p in g and
r e c e iv in g c l e r k )
T r u c k d r iv e r

O r d e r c le r k
P a y r o l l c le r k
S ecreta ry
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a to r
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t
T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e t y p is t
M a c h in e t o o l o p e r a t o r (t o o lr o o m )

T h e B u re a u has d is co n tin u e d c o lle c t in g d ata fo r ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r . W o r k e r s p r e v io u s ly
c la s s if ie d as w a tc h m e n a r e now c la s s ifie d as g u a rd s u n der the r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n .

29

to a gro u p

of p ro ­

SECRE TARY— Continued

SECRET A R Y— Continued

E x c lu s io n s — C ontinued

C la s s ific a t io n b y L e v e l — C ontinued

e.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not f it any o f the situ a tio n s lis t e d in the
s e c tio n s b e lo w t it le d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e .g ., s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s id e n t o f a c om p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ;

f.

T r a in e e s ,

C la s s ific a t io n b y L e v e l

e.

S e c r e t a r y jo b s w h ic h m e e t th e a b ove c h a r a c t e r is t ic s a r e m a tc h e d at
on e o f f i v e le v e l s a c c o r d in g to (a ) th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r
w ith in the c o m p a n y 's o r g a n iz a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e and, (b ) th e l e v e l o f th e
s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y . T h e ch a rt fo llo w in g th e e x p la n a tio n s o f th e s e tw o
fa c t o r s in d ic a te s th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b in a tio n o f the
fa c t o r s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f
th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c om p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

LS—4

S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t (e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n i­
z a tio n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m an y as s e v e r a l h u n d red
p e r s o n s ) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com p an y th at
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v is o r (L S )
S e c r e t a r ie s s h o u ld b e m a tc h e d at one o f th e fo u r LS l e v e ls d e s c r ib e d
b e lo w a c c o r d in g to th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r w ith in th e com p an y
o r g a n iz a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e .
LS—1

S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r h ead o f a s m a ll
unit (e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

b.

LS—2

a.

o r g a n iz a tio n a l

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e o f f i c e r o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n
o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E :
Many
c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a th e r th an s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f
s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s ib i l i t y is n o t e q u iv a le n t to on e o f th e s p e c if ic l e v e l s itu a tio n s in
th e d e fin itio n f o r L S —3, but w h o s e o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o r m a lly
n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d
in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu r th e r
s u b d ivid e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e
o f o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

b.

L S —3

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . , (o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r
them 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c om p an y
th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than c h a irm a n o f th e
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a com p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100
but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a te w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y (e . g . , m a r k e tin g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t (e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r ­
t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

d.

S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f
( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u sed in the a b ove LS d e f ­
in itio n r e f e r s to th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te w id e p o l i c y ­
m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com p a n y a c t iv it ie s .
The title "v ic e
p r e s i d e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o l e , d oes not in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify such p o s itio n s . V i c e p r e s id e n ts w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny
in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l tr u s t a c c o u n ts ; d i ­
r e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n ot c o n s id e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e d e fin itio n .
L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ilit y ( L R )
T h is f a c t o r e v a lu a te s th e n a tu re o f th e w o r k r e la tio n s h ip b e tw e e n
th e s e c r e t a r y and th e s u p e r v is o r , and th e e x te n t to w h ic h th e s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c te d to e x e r c is e in it ia t iv e and ju d g m e n t. S e c r e t a r ie s should b e m a tc h e d
at L R —1 o r L R —2 d e s c r ib e d b e lo w a c c o r d in g to t h e ir l e v e l o f r e s p o n s ib ilit y .
L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ilit y 1 (L R —1)
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r i a l d u ties in c lu d in g o r c o m p a ra b le to m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g :
a.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e s ,
c o m in g m a il.

b.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e r e q u e s ts w h ic h h a v e sta n d a rd a n s w e r s .
r e p ly to r e q u e s ts b y sen d in g a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d b y
o th e rs f o r th e s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu r e to e n s u re p r o c e d u r a l and
ty p o g r a p h ic a l a c c u r a c y .

d.

M a in ta in s s u p e r v is o r 's
in s tr u c te d .

e.

T y p e s , ta k e s and t r a n s c r ib e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s .

an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c .,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll,

g re e ts

p erso n a l

c a le n d a r

and

c a lle r s ,

m akes

and

opens

in ­

M ay

ap p oin tm en ts

as

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

SECRETARY— Continued
L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ilit y 2 ( L R —2)

S te n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r

P e r f o r m s d u tie s d e s c r ib e d u n d er L R —1 and, in a d d itio n p e r fo r m s
ta s k s r e q u ir in g g r e a t e r ju d g m e n t, in it ia t iv e , and k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e fu n ctio n s
in c lu d in g o r c o m p a r a b le to m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
a.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s ts w h ic h r e q u ir e a d e ta ile d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
f i c e p r o c e d u r e s o r c o lle c t io n o f in fo r m a tio n f r o m f i l e s o r
o t h e r o f f ic e s .
M a y s ig n ro u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in ow n o r
s u p e r v is o r 's n a m e.

c.

C o m p ile s o r a s s is ts in c o m p ilin g p e r io d ic
o f g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s .

d.

S c h ed u le s te n t a tiv e a p p o in tm e n ts w ith ou t p r i o r c le a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y b a c k g ro u n d m a t e r ia l f o r s c h e d u le d m e e tin g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n ts f o r m e e tin g s and c o n fe r e n c e s .

e.

E x p la in s s u p e r v is o r 's r e q u ir e m e n ts to o t h e r e m p lo y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r 's unit. (A ls o t y p e s , ta k e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s . )

OR

S c r e e n s te le p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e te r m in in g w h ich can
b e handled, b y th e s u p e r v is o r 's s u b o rd in a te s o r o t h e r o f f ic e s .

b.

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
such as in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o set up
and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .

T h e fo llo w in g
and L R c o m b in a tio n .

c h a rt

r e p o r ts on th e b a s i*

sh ow s th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h LS

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
s u p e r v is o r

T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E T Y P I S T
P r i m a r y duty is to ty p e cop y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d d ic ta tio n w h ich does
n ot in v o lv e v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as that u sed in
le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
(S e e S te n o g ra p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith sh orth an d d ic ta tio n .)

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y
T Y P IS T
L R —1

L S —1
,
LS—2.
LS—3.
LS—
4.

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in ­
d ep en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by
the fo llo w in g :
W o r k r e q u ir e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic s p e e d and
a c c u r a c y ; a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f ic e p r o ­
c e d u re ; and o f th e s p e c if ic b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o ­
g r a p h ic d u ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and le t t e r s ; c o m ­
p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and rou tin g in c o m in g
m a il; and a n s w e r in g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

D
C
B
A

STENO G RAPH ER
P r i m a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u sin g sh orth an d , and to t r a n s c r ib e
th e d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n cop y .
M a y o p e r a te f r o m a
s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f
p r i m a r y duty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e
T y p is t).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m th at o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip 'with o n ly on e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r ib e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e
out b ills a f t e r c a lc u la tio n s h a ve b e en m a d e b y an o th er p e rs o n . M a y in c lu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r ia ls f o r use in d u p lic a tin g
p ro cesses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such
as k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f i lin g
r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and
d is tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l f o r m w h en it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , p unctu ation , e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r f o r e ig n lan gu a ge m a t e r ia l; o r p lan n in g la y ou t
and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity and
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit
c ir c u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C op y ty p in g f r o m
ro u g h o r c le a r d r a ft s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u ra n c e p o li c i e s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .
F IL E C L E R K

S ten o g ra p h er, G e n e ra l

keep

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t iv e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .




F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g
s y s te m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m an u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e l s on the b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

F IL E CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

C la s s A . C la s s if ie s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts , e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g s y s te m
c on ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l. M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ctio n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .

ad equ acy o f in fo r m a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r ta in in g c r e d it r a tin g o f c u s to m e r ;
fu rn is h in g c u s to m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g - u p
to s e e th at o r d e r is d e liv e r e d b y th e s p e c ifie d d ate o r to le t c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e liv e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k in g sh ip p in g in v o ic e
a g a in s t o r ig in a l o r d e r .

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f ile s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le
(s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in gs o r p a r t ly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y f in e r su b h ead in gs.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a te s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f ile s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p a id on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h o s e du ties in c lu d e
any o f th e fo llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v ic e s r a th e r than f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s to m e rs w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v ic e u sin g k n o w l­
e d g e g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e r in g o r e x te n s iv e te c h n ic a l tr a in in g ; e m p h a s iz in g
s e llin g s k ills ; h a n d lin g m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in t e g r a l p a r t o f th e jo b .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b een
c l a s s i fi e d o r w h ic h is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m
(e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As
r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m an u a l ta s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

M ESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , op en in g and d is trib u tin g
m a il, and o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n
o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

a re

c la s s i fi e d

into

l e v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . H an d les o r d e r s th at in v o lv e m a k in g ju d g m en ts such as
c h o o s in g w h ich s p e c if ic p ro d u c t o r m a t e r ia l f r o m th e e s ta b lis h m e n t's p ro d u c t
lin e s w i l l s a t is fy the c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e te r m in in g the p r ic e to be q u o ted
w h en p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r ic e lis t o r m a k in g
s o m e s im p le m a th e m a tic a l c a lc u la tio n s .
C la s s B . H a n d les o r d e r s in v o lv in g ite m s w h ich h a ve r e a d ily id e n ­
t i f i e d u ses and a p p lic a tio n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r 's m a n u a l,
o r s im ila r d ocu m en t to in s u r e that p r o p e r it e m is s u p p lied o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d ite m .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le u sed w ith a p r iv a t e
b ra n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a s y s t e m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f th e w o r k e r 's
t i m e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at th e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ie f o r
le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a to r a r e
e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w ho a ls o a cts as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w itc h b o a rd
O pe r ato r - R e c e p tio n i s t .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s in g le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , a cts b oth as
an o p e r a to r — s e e S w itc h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p t io n is t 's
w o r k in v o lv e s such d u tie s as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e te r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's
b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a tio n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n iz a tio n o r c o n ta c tin g th at p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and
a r r a n g in g an a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v is i t o r s .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w r it t e n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s to m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s
s o m e c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g d u tie s : Q u o tin g p r ic e s ; d e te r m in in g a v a ila ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d ite m s and s u g g e s tin g su b s titu te s w h en n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c te d d e l i v e r y d ate and m e th o d o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s to m e r
in fo r m a tio n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; c h e c k in g o r d e r s h e e ts f o r a c c u r a c y and




P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p o s tin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a ccou n ts; v e r if y i n g the in t e r n a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f a ccou n tin g d o c u m e n ts ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e tc .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m an u a l o r a u tom a ted accou n tin g s y s te m .
T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o f f ic e
p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e ­
c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c tio n s and accou n tin g in fo r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the
w o r k e r 't y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m i l ia r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and accou n tin g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u sed in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to h ave a
k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and accou n tin g.
P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e l s

on the b a s is o f

the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s accou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ic h r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, fo r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e tit iv e accou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g cod es
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th ro u gh p re v io u s a ccou n tin g
a c tio n s to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M a y b e a s s is te d b y one o r
m o r e c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e accou n tin g
c l e r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p o s tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e ts

ACCOUNTING CLERK— Continued

MACHINE B IL L E R — Continued

w h e r e id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c l e a r ly in d ic a te d ;
c h eck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r accou n tin g d o c u m e n ts ; and cod in g d ocu m en ts u sing a fe w p r e s c r ib e d
accou n tin g c o d e s .

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m ach in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e sim u lta n eo u s e n tr y o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a ccu m u la tes
fig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u su a lly p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D o e s not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o rk s f r o m u n ifo rm and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .

P A Y R O L L CLERK
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r t ic u la r a ccou n tin g s y s te m used.
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it ite m s to b e u sed in e a c h ph ase o f the w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h ases o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c tio n s in c lu d e accou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s to m e r s ' accou n ts (not in ­
clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d u n der m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d is ­
tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc . M a y ch e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh e e ts f o r th e a c cou n tin g
d e p a rtm e n t.
M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e ep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s . F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d d isco u n ts and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ic h , a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d by
m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b e r o f c a rb o n c o p ie s o f
th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in ta in p a y r o ll r e c o r d s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' t im e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a d ju s tin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r chan ges
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fit s , o r ta x d ed u ction s; e d itin g p a y r o ll
lis tin g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c in g and c o r r e c t in g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p r e p a r a tio n o f p e r io d ic s u m m a r y p a y r o ll r e p o r ts . In a nonau tom a ted p a y r o ll s y s te m , c om p u tes w a g e s . W o rk m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t ic a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n ta l r e g u la t io n s , com p an y p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s te m f o r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e r a t e s a k eyp u n ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
n u m e r ic data on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .
P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

in to le v e l s

on the

a lp h a b e tic an d/or

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g f o r , in t e r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r cod in g ite m s to be k eyp u n ch ed f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u rc e
d o c u m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e rou tin e keypun ch w o rk .
M a y t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W o r k is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s sta n d ­
a r d iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w h ich h a ve b e en c od e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a v e b e en p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f data to be r e c o r d e d .
R e fe r s to su ­
p e r v i s o r p r o b le m s
a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r cod es o r m is s in g
in fo r m a tio n .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E S S

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — C ontinued

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m b y use o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m en t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be a u tom ated and id e n tifie s c on d ition s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b e r and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m en ts to be used ; o u tlin e s -actions to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o rk and data flo w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and

p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and re c o m m e n d s
e q u ip m en t ch an ges to ob ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be
c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y .)




D oes not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r s y s te m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r e n g in e e rin g
p r o b le m s .

COM PUTER SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

CO M PUTER PROGRAM M ER, BUSINESS— Continued

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u ltip le - u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output d ata.
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in t e g r a te d p ro d u c tio n
s c h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h ich e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll
s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in it ia te d b y the
c o m p u te r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e the d ata p r o c e s s in g
p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f n e w o r
r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch an ges and f o r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r

le v e l

s y s te m s

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if ic an d/ or e n g in e e r in g
p r o b le m s .
F o r w age

stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

p ro gra m m ers

are

c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

a n a ly s ts

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
p r o b le m s th at a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o ge n eo u s and th e output d ata a r e c lo s e ly r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accou n ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accou n ts
r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
accou n ts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith
p e rs o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e th e d ata p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e d ata p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tr u c tio n and gu id a n c e on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u r e
p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s u n d er im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s
as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p
and expan d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills
r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l
s y s te m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d b y p r o ­
g r a m m e r s f r o m iiifo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e ­
q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic d ata p r o c e s s in g eq u ip m en t.
W o rk in g f r o m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e ­
c is e in s tr u c tio n s w h ic h , w h en e n te r e d in to th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in co d e d
la n g u a g e , cau se th e m a n ip u la tio n o f d ata to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s .
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , .m a th e m a tic s , l o g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u te r s , and p a r t ic u la r su b ­
j e c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a rts and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m to
b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w
c h a rts to show o r d e r in w h ic h data w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e
c h a rts to c o d e d in s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s




p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l d u rin g p ro d u c tio n
run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f f i ­
c ie n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g b oth s y s te m s a n a l­
y s is and p r o g r a m m in g shou ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is
th e s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n
on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o ­
g r a m m in g c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o r k in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s and c h a rts
w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a j o r p r o c e s s in g s te p s to
be a c c o m p lis h e d , and th e r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s step s o f th e p r o b ­
le m s o lv in g r o u tin e ; p la n s th e fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d
to e f f ic ie n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip ­
m en t m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d ­
u cts f r o m n u m erou s and d i v e r s e data e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x ­
te n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s
such a c tio n s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can b e r e ­
u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a tio n s , a d ju stm en ts to
data w h en p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and
s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f d ata e le m e n ts to f o r m a
h ig h ly in t e g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n
a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le S e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p ro d u c e d ata in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o r t s and lis t in g s a r e p ro d u c e d by
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le tio n s f r o m
input d ata w h ic h a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e ro u s R e co rd s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , th e d ata h a v e b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so th at th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f d ata can b e t e s t e d b y u sin g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .

OR

W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u n d er
c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t
h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m in g le s s d if fic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d if fic u lt ta s k s u n d er f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c t io n .

COM PUTER PROGRAM M ER, BUSINESS— Continued

D R A FT E R

M a y g u id e o r in s tr u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and co n ce p ts u s u a lly le a r n e d in fo r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts
a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f s ta n d a rd p r o ­
c e d u re s to ro u tin e p r o b le m s .
R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c ts
o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e
w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
CO M PUTER O PE RATO R
M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s th e c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to o p e r a tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
p r o g r a m m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Stu d ies in s tr u c tio n s to
d e te r m in e e q u ip m en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; lo a d s eq u ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m en t in to
c ir c u it , and s ta r ts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r; m a k e s ad ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s
m a d e d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s c a u se o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r ­
v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s . M a y te s t and a s s is t
in c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .
For

w age

stu d y

p u rposes,

c o m p u te r

o p e r a to r s

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a
c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : N ew
p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly t e s te d and in tro d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e
o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x
d e s ig n so th at id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o r k in g k n o w l­
e d g e o f th e to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c t io n and gu id a n ce to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a
c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t
o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tio n ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly
r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is l i t t l e o r no te s tin g o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a l t e r ­
n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a jo r chan ge
o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o rt tim e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r
s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s cau se and ta k e s c o r r e c t iv e ac tio n .
T h is u s u a lly in ­
v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r u sin g sta n d a rd
c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d er d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M a y
a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r f o r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s and
w ith fr e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u te r e q u ip m en t u sed and
a b ilit y to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running ro u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
r e c e iv e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .




C la s s A . P la n s th e g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s havin g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s that d i f f e r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W o rk s in c lo s e s u p p ort w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n ge s . A n a ly z e s th e e ffe c t o f ea c h change on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and
p a r ts . W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o rk
is r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e rin g
d e te r m in a t io n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d r a ft e r s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts
th at r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a rd iz e d d ra w in g tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly u sed .
D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c is e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n com p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n d a­
tio n s , w a ll s e c t io n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m an u als in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y com p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to b e u sed , lo a d c a p a c itie s , s tr e n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tru c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e is o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n sio n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com p on en ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b er o f
s o u r c e s and ad ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s te d m eth od s o f
a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In s tr u c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts
r e c u r . W o r k m a y b e s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p lan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs by p la c in g tr a c in g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not
in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to plan s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
W o r k is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s
b y p e r f o r m in g on e o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n s tru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m en t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g c o n d itio n .
T h e e q u ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e it h e r m an y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the s a m e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim it e d
to , th e fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g and r e c e iv in g eq u ip m en t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b ) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u te r s , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u r in g and c o n tr o llin g
e q u ip m en t.

ELECTRONICS TECH NICIAN— Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such s ta n d a rd e le c t r o n ic
e q u ip m en t as c o m m o n o f f ic e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld ra d io and t e le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic t e s t in s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s w h o have a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c if ic c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce to lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e b a s is o f

the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d v a n c e d te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e th at t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k in g on
e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t.
E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a tio n and
d e n s ity o f c ir c u i t r y , e le c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c tio n s , and
fre q u e n t e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n d ersta n d in g o f
the in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g in d ep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r ­
fo r m in g such ta s k s as m a k in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e fo r m s ,
tr a c in g r e la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sing c o m p le x te s t in ­
s tru m e n ts
(e . g . , dual t r a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s ,
p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ).
W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M a y p r o v id e
te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e th at t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on
e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t. W o r k in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n ­
sh ip s o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e te r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts , u s u a lly le s s c o m p le x than th o s e u sed by the
c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
rou tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in ­
s tr u c tio n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta s k s as: A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts , w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g to o ls and co m m o n te s t in s tru m e n ts
(e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c il l o s c o p e s ) . Is
not r e q u ir e d to b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m t r a in in g ) so th at w o r k e r can a d van ce
to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p ic a lly sp ot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d
r e v ie w w h en n ew o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E
A r e g is t e r e d n u rs e w ho g iv e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to th e i l l o r
in ju re d ; a tten d in g to su b sequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and p lan n in g and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f p lan t e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
o t h e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g th e h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r h ea d n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
on e n u rs e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N — C on tin u ed

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te rs ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o od
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
u sin g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and sta n d a rd
m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop com p u tatio n s
r e la tin g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

e q u ip m en t such as
g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s ,
c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its, con du it s y s te m s , o r o th e r t r a n s ­
m is s io n e q u ip m en t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r
s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r
e q u ip m en t; w o r k in g s ta n d a rd com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ire m e n ts o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m en t; and u sin g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h an d tools
and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in ­
te n a n c e e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n ded t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n ctio n s such as th e in ­
s ta lla t io n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m en t f o r th e g e n e r a tio n , d i s t r i ­
b u tio n , o r u t iliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s
m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l




P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t,
W o r k in v o lv e s the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s

M AINTENANCE PA IN T E R — Continued

M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R

and in t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p lyin g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n ts to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n ­
s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s roun ded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r
w r itte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith co u p lin gs and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e rs ;
m a k in g s ta n d a rd shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a rd te s ts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m ain ten a n ce p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o rk e rs p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h eatin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n ew p a r ts in m ak in g r e p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te r p r e tin g w r itte n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c if ic a ­
tio n s ; p lan n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's h a n d tools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g sta n d a rd
m a c h in e t o o ls ; shapin g o f m e t a l p a r ts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd
shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , fe e d s , and sp eed s
o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the com m o n m e t a ls ;
s e le c tin g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and e q u ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t. In g e n e r a l, th e
m a c h in is t's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f h a n d too ls in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts w ith ite m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g th e p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e shop o r sen d in g th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r th e p ro d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y
d u ties in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r ad ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e
e q u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g e qu ip m en t and p e r ­
fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at in v o lv e th e use o f such h a n d tools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,
d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g
b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h t s , o r
tig h te n in g b o d y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h ic le m a in te n a n c e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh
a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s to m e rs '
v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh ops.




M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t- m e t a l
e q u ip m en t and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a c h in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f
s h e e t- m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a ­
tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t- m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d too ls in cu ttin g, b en d in g , fo r m in g , sh ap in g,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t- m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s roun ded
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y eq u ip m en t w h en ch an ges in the plant lay ou t a r e
r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o rk ;
in t e r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d tools
and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u tatio n s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , s tre n g th
o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g equ ip m en t;
s e le c tin g sta n d a rd t o o ls , e q u ip m en t, and p a r ts to b e used ; and in s ta llin g and
m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n e qu ip m en t such as d r iv e s and
speed re d u c e rs .
In g e n e r a l, th e m illw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e tr a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n .
T h e kind o f
w o r k th e h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In
s o m e tr a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , l if t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls
and t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to
p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e th at a r e a ls o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t im e b a s is .

M ACH INE-TOO L O PE R ATO R (TOOLROOM )

TO O L AND DIE M AKER— Continued

S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g on e o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a c h in e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , e n g in e la t h e r , m illin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r use in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f ix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in sh ap in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r , g la s s ).
W o r k t y p ic a lly
i n v o lv e s : P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setu p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r to o ls (e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g to o ls and ad ju st g u id e s , s to p s , w o rk in g
t a b le s , and o t h e r c o n tr o ls to h andle th e s iz e o f s to c k to b e m a c h in e d ;
d e te r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e o r s e le c t
th o s e p r e s c r ib e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in ts , o r la y o u t s ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e w h en to o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s t o o ls . In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r (t o o lr o o m ) at th e s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
th is c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h c o n s id e r a b le o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e to o ls and r e la t e d e q u ip m en t; u sin g
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d too ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tr u m e n ts ;
w o r k in g to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g m e t a l p a r ts and fin is h e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s rou n ded t r a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in c lu d e m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh ops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s tru c ts
and r e p a ir s j i g s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shap in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W o r k t y p ic a lly i n v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r
o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a t io n s ; u n d ersta n d in g th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
co m m o n m e t a ls
and a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop co m p u ta tio n s ;

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).
S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d itio n in g . W o r k in v o lv e s : O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g eq u ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r ig e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m ps;
m a k in g e q u ip m en t r e p a ir s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l con su m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th es e o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m ­
p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and ch eck s w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m equ ip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R

D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f
e s ta b lis h m e n ts such as:
M a n u fa c tu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le and r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r un load tru c k
w ith o r w ith o u t h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p tr u c k in
g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s ic a l ta s k s in c o n n e c tio n w ith sh ip p in g
go o d s o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d and r e c e iv in g in c o m in g
s h ip m e n ts .
In p e r f o r m in g d a y - t o - d a y , ro u tin e ta s k s , fo llo w s e s ta b lis h e d
g u id e lin e s . In han d lin g unusual n o n ro u tin e 'p r o b le m s , r e c e iv e s s p e c ific g u id ­
a n ce f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r o th e r o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d i r e c t and c o o r d in a te th e
a c t iv it ie s o f o th e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in h a n d lin g g ood s to be ship p ed o r b e in g
r e c e iv e d .

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,
r a te d c a p a c ity o f tr u c k , as fo llo w s :

S h ip p e rs t y p ic a lly a r e
r e s p o n s ib le f o r
m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
V e r i f y i n g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e ly f i l l e d b y c o m p a rin g ite m s and q u a n titie s
o f go o d s g a th e r e d f o r s h ip m en t a g a in s t d o c u m e n ts ; in s u r in g that s h ip m en ts
a r e p r o p e r ly p a c k a g e d , id e n t ifie d w ith sh ip p in g in fo r m a tio n , and lo a d e d in to
t r a n s p o r tin g v e h ic le s ; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f good s sh ip p e d , e . g . ,
m a n ife s t s , b ills o f la d in g .

t r u c k d r iv e r s

a r e c la s s ifie d

b y ty p e and

T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t tru c k
(s t r a ig h t tru c k , u n d er 1 V2 to n s , u s u a lly 4 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m tr u c k
(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , IV 2 to 4 ton s in c lu s iv e , u s u a lly 6 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y tr u c k
(s tr a ig h t tr u c k , o v e r 4 to n s , u s u a lly 10 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c t o r - t r a ile r




R e c e iv e r s t y p ic a l l y a r e r e s p o n s ib le f o r m b s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f in c o m in g s h ip m en ts b y c o m p a rin g it e m s and
q u a n titie s u n load ed a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , m a n ife s ts , s to r a g e

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER— Continued

M A T E R IA L HANDLING LABORER— Continued

r e c e ip t s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r d a m a ge d g ood s ; in s u rin g that
goods a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly id e n tifie d f o r rou tin g to d e p a rtm e n ts w ith in the
e s ta b lis h m e n t; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f go o d s r e c e iv e d .

m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by h a n d triick , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gsh ore
w o r k e r s , w ho lo a d and unload s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
S h ip p e r
R e c e iv e r
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t good s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
tr u c k , as fo llo w s :

W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a re h o u s in g duties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d erstan d in g o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n ts , n o tin g and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and o b viou s d a m a g e s ; rou tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m eth o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
ta k in g in v e n t o r y o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e ­
p o r tin g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r sh ip m en t. M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u ties in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e ­
c e iv in g w o r k (s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e iv e r and Sh ip pin g P a c k e r ), o r d e r f illin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).
O RD ER F IL L E R
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d good s f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in a d d ition to f illin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g
ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e ep r e c o r d s o f ou tgo in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n a d d i­
tio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r r e la te d
d u ties.
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , th e s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g dependent
upon the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b er o f units to be p ac k ed , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth o d o f s h ip m en t.
W o rk r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in
sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f sto c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y con tent; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; u sing e x c e ls io r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g
c o n ta in e r; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m a k e w o od en b o x e s o r c ra te s a re exc lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, s t o r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and un load in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u n pack in g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g




a r e c la s s ifie d by typ e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lif t o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k * b p e r a t o r (o th e r than f o r k l i f t )
GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th e ft o r d a m a g e , o r p e rs o n s f r o m h a za rd s
o r in t e r fe r e n c e .
D u ties in v o lv e s e r v in g at a fix e d p o s t, m ak in g rounds on
fo o t o r b y m o to r v e h ic le , o r e s c o r t in g p e rs o n s o r p r o p e r ty . M a y be d e p u tize d
to m ak e a r r e s t s .
M a y a ls o h e lp v i s i t o r s
and c u s to m e rs b y a n s w e r in g
q u e s tio n s and g iv in g d ir e c tio n s .
G u ard s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich p r o v id e p r o t e c t iv e
v ic e s on a c o n tra c t b a s is a r e in c lu d e d in th is occu p a tio n .

ser­

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , gu ard s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
G u ard A
E n fo r c e s
r e g u la tio n s d e s ig n e d to p r e v e n t b re a c h e s o f s e c u r ity .
E x e r c is e s ju d g m e n t and u ses d is c r e t io n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r g e n c ie s and
s e c u r ity v io la t io n s e n c o u n te re d .
D e te rm in e s w h e th e r f i r s t r e s p o n s e should
b e to in t e r v e n e d ir e c t ly (a s k in g f o r a s s is ta n c e w hen d e e m e d n e c e s s a r y and
tim e a llo w s ), to k e e p situ a tion u n der s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e p o r t situ a tion
so that it can be h andled b y a p p r o p r ia te a u th o rity .
D uties r e q u ir e s p e ­
c ia liz e d tr a in in g in m eth od s and te c h n iq u e s o f p r o te c tin g s e c u r ity a r e a s .
C o m m o n ly , th e g u a rd is r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tr a te con tinu in g p h y s ic a l fitn e s s
and p r o f ic ie n c y w ith f ir e a r m s o r o th e r s p e c ia l w eap on s.
G u ard B
C a r r ie s out in s tr u c tio n s p r i m a r i l y o r ie n te d to w a r d in s u r in g that
e m e r g e n c ie s and s e c u r ity v io la t io n s a r e r e a d ily d is c o v e r e d and r e p o r te d to
a p p r o p r ia te a u th o rity .
In te r v e n e s d ir e c t ly o n ly in s itu ation s w h ich r e q u ir e
m in im a l a c tio n to s a fe g u a rd p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
D u ties r e q u ir e m in im a l
tr a in in g .
C o m m o n ly , th e g u a rd is not r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tr a te p h y s ic a l
fitn e s s .
M a y b e a r m e d , but g e n e r a lly is not r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s tra te
p r o f ic ie n c y in the use o f f ir e a r m s o r s p e c ia l w eap on s.
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C lea n s and k e ep s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm en t h o u se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g ,
m op p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g ch ip s, tr a s h , and o th e r
r e fu s e ; dusting eq u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fix tu r e s o r
t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lies and m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v ic e s ; and c le a n in g
la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w in d o w
w a sh in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m in ­
is t e r in g th e S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u rv e y r e s u lt s a r e p u b ­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a r e a v a ila ­
b le , at no c o s t, w h ile s u p p lie s la s t
f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s
shown on th e b ack c o v e r .
A la s k a (s ta te w id e )
A lb a n y , G a.
A le x a n d r ia . L a .
A lp e n a . S tan d ish , and
T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u g u s ta , Ga.—S .C .
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eaum ont—P o r t A r t h u r O ran ge, T e x .
B ilo x i^ G u lfp o r t and
P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r e m e r t o n , W a sh .
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and
S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B ru n s w ic k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h am p aign —U rbana—R a n to u l, 111.
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
C h e ye n n e , W y o .
C l a r k s v ille - H o p k in s v ille , T e n n * - K y .
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C olu m b u s, M is s .
C ra n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r , 111.
D es M o in e s , Io w a
D othan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is .
S
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A la m o g o r d o —L a s
C ru ces, N . M ex.
E u g en e — p r in g fie ld and M e d fo r d —
S
K la m a th F a lls —G ra n ts P a s s —
R o s e b u rg , O re g .
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itc h b u rg —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .




F o r t R ile y —Jun ction C ity , K a n s.
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O k la.
F o r t W a y n e , Ind.
F r e d e r ic k —H a g e rsto w n —
C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d .—P a .
G ad sd en and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ran d Isla n d —H a s tin g s , N e b r .
G u am , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
Joh nson C ity—K in g s p o r t—B r is t o l,
T e n n .—V a .
L a C r o s s e , W is .
L ared o , T ex.
L a w to n , O k la .
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y .
L im a , O h io
L o g a n s p o r t—P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—D e l.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s ta te w id e )
M c A lle n - P h a r r —E d in b u rg and
B r o w n s v ille — a r lin g e n —
H
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and
O c e a n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la ^ - F la .
M on tan a (s ta te w id e )
N e w B e r n - J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N e w H a m p s h ir e (s ta te w id e )
N e w L o n d o n -N o r w ic h , C o n n ^ R .I.
N o r th D ak ota (s ta te w id e )
N o r th e r n N e w Y o r k
O r la n d o , F la .
O xn a rd — im i V a lle y —
S
V e n tu ra , C a lif.
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h —D u rh a m , N .C .
R eno, N ev.
R iv e r s id e —San B e r n a rd in o —
O n t a r io , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a lin as—S e a s id e — o n t e r e y , C a lif.
M
Sandusky, O h io

Santa B a rb arar-S an ta M a ria rL o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h erm an —D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t, L a .
South D ak ota (s ta te w id e )
Sou th ern Idaho
S o u th w e s te rn V ir g in ia
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld - C h ic o p e e — o ly o k e ,
H
M a s s .—Conn.
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T o p e k a , K an s.
T u ls a , O k la .
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ic h .
V a lle jo —F a ir f ie ld - N a p a , C a lif.
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V ir g in Is la n d s o f th e U .S.
W a c o and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a t e r lo o —C e d a r F a l l s , Io w a
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .-M d .
Y a k im a , R ic h la n d -K e n n e w ic k , and
W a lla W a lla r-P e n d le to n ,
W a sh ^ O reg .

A LSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r
a c cou n ta n ts, a u d ito r s , c h ie f a c c o u n t­
an ts, a tto r n e y s ,- jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s ,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a ft e r s , a n d
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 1931, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o ­
fe s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1976, $ 1 .3 5
a c o p y , f r o m any o f th e B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o f f i c e s shown on th e
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r in ­
te n d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P r in t in g O f f ic e , W a s h in g to n ,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la te s t b u lle tin s a v a ila b le is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
m a y be p u rc h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s shown on
c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S. G o v e rn m e n t
O f f ic e , W a s h in g to n , D .C . 20402.
A d ir e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e
c o v e r in g the y e a r s 1950 th ro u gh 1975, is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 6 1________________________________________
A lb an y—S c h en ecta d y —T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1976 ________________
A n a h e im —Santa A n a—G a rd en G r o v e ,
C a lif. , O c t. 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 6 __________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1976 1 ________________________________
B os to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1976 ______________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O c t. 1976 ________________________________________
Canton, O h io , M a y 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________
C h attan o oga, T e n n .—G a ., S ep t. 1976 __________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1976 _________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io—K y .—In d ., M a r . 1976________________________
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t. 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________
C olu m b u s, O h io , O c t. 1 9 76 _____________________________________
C orpu s C h r is t i, T e x . , Ju ly 1 9 76 _______________________________
D a lla s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1976__________________________
D a ven p ort—R o c k Isla n d —M o lin e , Iow a—111., F eb . 1976______
D ayton , O h io , D e c . 197 6_________________________________________
D ayton a B e a c h , F la . , A u g . 1976 _______________________________
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1 9 76 ____________________________
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1976 1 _____________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif. , June 1976 ______________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la . , S ept. 1976 ___________________________________
G ree n B a y , W is . , Ju ly 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m —H ig h P o in t ,
W
N .C ., A u g . 1 976__________________________________________________
G r e e n v ille —S p a r ta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1976 1___________________
H a r t fo r d , C onn ., M a r . 1 9 76 _____________________________________
H ou ston, T e x . , A p r . 1 9 76 _______________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1976 _____________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O c t. 1976____________________________________
Jack son , M i s s . , F e b . 1977 1_____________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 6 1_________________________________
K an sas C ity , M o .- K a n s ., Sept. 1 9 7 6 1 ________________________
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif. , O c t. 1 976_________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y —In d ., N o v . 1976________________________________




B u lle tin s
the b ack
P r in tin g
su rveys,

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e *
1900-76, 85 cen ts
1900-59, 55 c en ts
1900-67,
1900-30,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1900-11,
1900-53,
1 900-70,
1 900-28,
1900-57,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1900-62,
1 900-68,
1900-41,
1900-63,
1900-25,
1900-78,
1900-45,
1900-73,
1900-15,
1900-29,
1900-54,
1900-37,

75 c en ts
85 cen ts
85 cen ts
55 cen ts
95 cen ts
85 cen ts
75 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cen ts
$1 .0 5
75 cen ts
95 cen ts
75 cen ts
55 cen ts
85 cen ts
55 cents
85 cents
45 cen ts
85 cen ts
$1 .2 5
55 cen ts
45 cen ts
55 cents

1900-47,
1900-36,
1900-14,
1900-26,
1900-17,
1900-58,
1950-2,
1900-80,
1900-60,
1900-77,
1900-69,

65 c en ts
85 c en ts
55 cents
85 cen ts
55 c en ts
75 c en ts
$1 .5 0
85 cen ts
$1.0 5
85 cen ts
55 cen ts

A rea
M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1976 1_____________________
A
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t. 1976___________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1976 ____________________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M in n .—W i s . , Jan. 1977________________
N a s s a u —Su ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1976 _______________________________
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1976 _________________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1976 ___________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1 976________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a.—
N . C . , M a y 1 976 1_________________________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p t o n , V a .—N . C . , M a y 1976 1 ___________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1976 ____________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1976_______________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a , O c t. 1976__________________________________
P a t e r son—C l i ft o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1976 __________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1976 1____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977_______________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1976 1 ___________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1976 _____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , June 1976 _________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n —N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1976________
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R .1.—
W
M a s s . , June 1 9 76 ________________________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 1976_______________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1976 1_________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1976 __________________________________
S a gin aw , M i c h . , N o v . 1976 1_____________________________________
Salt L a k e C ity—O g d e n , Utah, N o v . 1 976_______________________
San A n to n i o , T e x . , M a y 1976 ___________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 197 6_____________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O ak la n d, C a l i f . , M a r . 1976 ___________________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1976_____________________________________
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1976 _____________________________
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1976 ____________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1 976_______________________________________
T o l e d o , O hio—M i c h . , M a y 1976___________________ _______________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1976________________________________________
W a s h in g to n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , M a r . 1976 _______________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1976_______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1976 ___________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1976 _____________________________________________
l

B u lle tin nu m b er
and j r i c e *
1900-75,
1900-66,
1900-22,
1950-3,
1900-35,
1900-10,
1900-2,
1900-48,

85 cen ts
85 cen ts
75 cen ts
$ 1.05

1900-27,

85 cen ts

1900-33,
1900-43,
1900-42,
1900-61,
1900-38,
1900-64,
1950-1,
1900-72,
1900-51,
1900-50,
1900-55,

85 cents
65 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 c en ts
55 cen ts
$ 1.10
85 cen ts
85 cen ts
75 cen ts
45 cents
55 cen ts

1900-31,
1900-34,
1900-19,
1900-71,
1900-74,
1900-65,
1900-23,
1900-79,
1900-9,
1900-13,
1900-6,
1900-5,
1900-44,
1900-24,
1900-56,
1900-12,
1900-21,
1900-16,
1900-4,

75 cents
65 cen ts
$1.2 5
55 cents
75 cen ts
55 cen ts
65 cen ts
55 cents
95 cen ts
75 cen ts
65 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 c en ts
55 cen ts
85 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cen ts

Prices are d e te rm in e d by the G overnm e nt P rin tin g O ffic e and are su b je ct to change.
D a ta on e s tablishm ent pra c tic e s and su pp lem entary w age provisions are also presented.

85 cen ts
75 cen ts
85 cen ts
$

1.60

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region III

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaC ode617)

Suite 3400
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Phone:399-5406 (Area Code 212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
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Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

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Arkansas
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VII
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IX
Arizona
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X
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