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AREA W A G E SURVEY
Jackson, Mississippi, M etropolitan A rea,
January 1973
Bulletin 1775-44




U S. DEPARTM EN T OF LABOR
Rnrpan of Labor Statistics




P re fa c e
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s re s u lts o f a J an uary 1973 s u r v e y o f occu p atio n al
ea rn in g s in the Jack son , M is s is s ip p i, Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a (H inds
and R ankin C o u n tie s ).
T h e s u r v e y w as m a d e as p a rt o f the B ureau of L a b o r
S t a tis tic s ' annual a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m . T h e p r o g r a m is d esig n ed to y ie ld
data fo r in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a s , as w e ll as n a tion a l and re g io n a l e s tim a te s
fo r a ll Standard M e tr o p o lita n A r e a s in the U n ited S ta te s , exclu d in g A la s k a and
H a w a ii, (as d e fin e d by the U.S. O ffic e o f M a n a gem en t and Budget through
N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need to
d e s c r ib e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts , through
the a n a ly s is o f (1 ) the le v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w a g e s b y occu p ation , and (2) the
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y oc c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill l e v e l .
The p ro gra m d e ­
v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be used fo r m any p u r p o s e s , inclu d in g w age and
s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in d e te rm in in g plant
lo c a tio n . S u rv e y re s u lts a ls o a r e u sed b y the U .S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r to m ak e
w a g e d e te rm in a tio n s under the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n tly , 96 a r e a s a r e in clu d ed in the p r o g r a m . (S ee lis t o f a r e a s on
in s id e b ack c o v e r . )
In each a r e a , oc c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s data a r e c o lle c te d
an nually. In fo rm a tio n on e s ta b lis h m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem e n ta ry w age b e n e ­
f it s , c o lle c te d e v e r y second y e a r in the p a s t, is now ob tain ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
E ach y e a r a fte r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h ave b een c o m p le te d ,
tw o s u m m a ry b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s to g e th e r data fo r each
m e tro p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d .
T h e seco n d s u m m a ry b u lle tin p re s e n ts n ation al
and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c t e d fr o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a data.
T h e J ack son s u r v e y was con du cted b y the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in
A tla n ta , G a., under the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f D onald M . C ru s e , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l
D ir e c to r fo r O p e ra tio n s .
T h e s u r v e y cou ld not have b een a c c o m p lis h e d without
the c o o p e ra tio n o f the m an y f ir m s w h ose w a g e and s a la r y data p ro v id e d the b a s is
fo r the s ta tis tic a l in fo rm a tio n in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u reau w is h e s to e x p r e s s
s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n f o r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .

Note:
A ls o a v a ila b le f o r the Jack son a r e a a r e lis tin g s o f union w age r a te s fo r
b u ild in g tr a d e s , p rin tin g tr a d e s , lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s to r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f th es e a re
a v a ila b le f r o m the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e s .
(S ee b ack c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s e s .)

AREA W AGE SURVEY

V IU.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary

Bulletin 177 5 -4 4
April 1973

B U R EA U OF LABOR STATIS TIC S, Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner

Jackson, Mississippi, M etro p olitan A rea, January 1973
CO NTENTS
Page

2
5

In tr o d u c tio n
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

T a b le s :
4
6
7

9

10
11
12

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b er stu d ied
In d e x e s o f e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s a d ju s te d f o r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts

A.

8

1.
2.
3.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :
A - l . O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a r n in g s
A - 2 . P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a r n in g s
A - 3 . O f f ic e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s , b y s e x
A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r ly e a r n in g s
A - 5 . C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r ly e a r n in g s

14 A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 40 cents domestic postpaid or 30 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

1

In tro d u c tio n
(3 ) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s i fi c a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e accou n t o f in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u ties w ith in the s a m e jo b . T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e
lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in th e a p p en d ix. U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the
e a r n in g s d ata fo llo w in g th e jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s co m b in e d .
E a r n in g s d ata f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r
f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d in
the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough d ata to m e r i t p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e
is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. E a r n in g s
data not show n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d d a ta , w h e r e shown. L i k e w i s e , d ata a r e in c lu d e d
in the o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a t io n o f s e c r e t a r ie s
o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not show n o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is not
a v a ila b le .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h ic h th e U .S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s con d u cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
on an a r e a w id e b a s is a n n u a lly .1 F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a , c o l le c t e m p lo y m e n t, e a r n in g s ,
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s , and r e la t e d b e n e fits in fo r m a tio n e v e r y th ir d
y ea r.
In ea c h o f th e in t e r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t
and e a r n in g s is c o lle c t e d b y m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e s f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts
p a r tic ip a tin g in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y . T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts the r e s u lt s
o f the l a t t e r ty p e s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d ata a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c tu rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and th e c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts
h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
th e y ten d to fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f
th e b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d ata a r e shown f o r
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n in g s d ata e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . N o n p r o d u c tio n b on u s es a r e e x ­
c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in ­
clu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r) 'fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m
r a t e s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e rou n ded
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is . T h e s a m ­
p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d s t r a t if ic a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b er
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t if ie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is
s e le c t e d , w ith ea c h e s ta b lis h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e t e r m in e d ch a n ce o f
s e le c t io n . T o o b ta in op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . W h en d ata
a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e le c t io n , so th at u n b ia se d e s tim a te s a r e g e n e r a te d . F o r e x ­
a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d , it is g iv e n a
w e ig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s th r e e o th e r s . A n a lte r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ilit y is c h o s e n in the s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n i f d ata a r e not a v a ila b le f o r th e o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no s u ita b le su b s titu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a
s a m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r t im e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r ­
a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y ­
m en t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y
h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y ch an ge o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , shown in ta b le 2,
a r e b e t t e r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the
g ro u p s .

1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N. Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
Newburgh, N . Y . ; Rochester, N. Y . (o ffice occupations only); Syracuse, N .Y . ; and U tica—Rom e, N. Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In ­
d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and
thus c o n trib u te d if fe r e n t l y to. the e s tim a te s f o r ea c h jo b . P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am on g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s




2

3
A v e r a g e p a y le v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a ­
tio n s shou ld not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d iffe r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to
d i f fe r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s , s in c e
o n ly the r a te s p a id in cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c d u ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n s . Job d e s c r ip ­
tio n s u sed to c l a s s if y e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u sed in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r
m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c if ic d u ties p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f the stu dy and not the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts
d i f f e r , e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m the s a m p le




o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o r ­
ta n c e o f th e jo b s stu died. T h e s e d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e
do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le ­
m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n te d in th is
b u lle tin .
In fo r m a tio n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s , c o lle c t e d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in th e p a s t, is now c o lle c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e ta b u la tio n s on
m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s ;
s h ift d if fe r e n t ia ls ; sch e d u le d w o r k w e e k ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ;
and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r ie s
ta b le s ) in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in J a c k s o n , M iss.,*
by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3
Minimum
employment
in estab lish m ents in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll d iv isio n s _____________________________
M anufacturing________________________________
Nonm anufacturing
T ran sp o rtatio n , com m unication, and
other public u t ilitie s 5____________________
W holesale trad e 6__________________________
R etail trad e 6 ______________________________
Finance, in su ran ce, and r e a l e s t a t e 6______
S e rv ic e s 6 7__ _________________ _________

Number of establish m ents
Within scope
of stud y3

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study4

Studied

Number

P ercent

Studied

_

191

88

31, 156

100

21,496

50
*

61
130

33
55

12,478
18,678

40
60

12, 199

50
50
50
50
50

18
23
44

1
1

4 , 771
1, 771
6, 062
3, 790
2,284

6
20
1
2

21
24

7
18
9

10

15

7

9,297

4, 160
798
3, 510
2, 590
1, 141

1 The Ja c k so n Standard M etropolitan S ta tistic a l A re a, a s defined by the Office of M anagement and Budget through N ovem ber 1971, c o n sists of
Hinds and Rankin Counties. The "w o rk ers within scope of study" e stim a te s shown in this table provide a reason ably accu rate d escrip tion of the size
and com position of the lab o r fo rce included in the survey. The e stim a te s a re not intended, how ever, to se rv e as a b a s is of com p arison with other
employment indexes fo r the a re a to m easu re employment tren ds or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of wage su rvey s req u ires the use of establish m en t data
com piled con sid erably in advance of the p ay roll p eriod studied, ^und (2) sm a ll e stablish m en ts a re excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Ind ustrial C la ssificatio n Manual w as used in c la ssify in g estab lish m en ts by in dustry division.
3 Includes a ll establish m en ts with total employment at or above the m inim um lim itation. A ll outlets (within the a re a ) ofcom panies in such
in d u stries a s trad e , finance, auto re p a ir s e rv ic e , and motion picture th e ate rs a re con sid ered a s 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes a ll w ork ers in a ll establish m en ts with total employment (within the a re a ) at o r above the m inim um lim itation.
5 A bbreviated to "public u tilitie s" in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s. T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater tran sp ortation w ere excluded.
6 This in dustry division is rep resen ted in e stim a te s for " a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s. S ep arate p resentation of
data fo r this division is not m ade for one or m ore of the following rea so n s: (1) Em ploym ent in the division is too sm a ll to provide enough data to
m erit sep a rate study, (2) the sam ple w as not designed in itially to perm it sep a rate p resen tation , (3) resp o n se w as in sufficien t or inadequate to perm it
sep a rate presentation, and (4) there is p ossib ility of d isc lo su re of individual establish m ent data.
7 H otels and m o tels; laun dries and other p e rso n al s e r v ic e s; b u sin e ss"se r v ic e s; autom obile r e p a ir , ren tal, and parking; motion p ictu re s; nonprofit
m em bersh ip organ izations (excluding religiou s and ch aritable organ izations); and engineering and arch ite ctu ra l s e r v ic e s.

In d ustrial com position in m anufacturing
A lm ost tw o-fifths of the w ork ers within scope of the survey in the Ja ck so n a re a
w ere employed in m anufacturing fir m s . The following p rese n ts the m a jo r in dustry groups
and sp ecific in du stries a s a percent of a ll m anufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific in du stries

F urn itu re and fix tu r e s ______
19
Food and kindred produ cts_____18
E le c tric a l equipment and
su p p lie s_____________________ 14
Stone, clay, and g la ss
products_____________________ 13
T ransportation equipment-------- 8
A p p arel and other textile
products_____________________ 5

Household fu rn itu re — ____ ____ 18
A irc ra ft and p a r t s ____________ 8
Meat products_____________
8
Household a p p lia n c e s_________ 7
E le c tric a l lighting and
w iring equipment____________ 6

T h is inform ation is based on e stim a te s of total employment d erived from un iverse
m a te r ia ls com piled p rio r to actu al survey. P roportion s in v a rio u s in dustry d ivision s m ay
d iffer from proportions based on the r e su lts of the survey a s shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ts o f ch an ge in
a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d p la n tw o r k e r g ro u p s .
T h e in d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d .
S u b tra c tin g 100 f r o m the
in d e x y ie ld s th e p e r c e n t ch a n ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r io d to the
d a te o f th e in d e x . T h e p e r c e n ts o f ch an ge o r in c r e a s e r e la t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a te d d a te s . A n n u al r a te s o f in c r e a s e , w h e r e
sh ow n , r e f l e c t th e am ou n t o f in c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths w h en the tim e
p e r io d b e tw e e n s u r v e y s w a s o th e r than 12 m on th s.
T h e s e com pu­
ta tio n s a r e b a s e d on th e a s s u m p tio n that w a g e s in c r e a s e d at a con stan t
r a te b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s tim a te s a r e m e a s u r e s o f ch an ge in
a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e a r e a .

T h e in d e x is a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n t im e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in th e b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s ig n e d th e v a lu e o f 100 p e r c e n t.
T h e in d e x is c om p u ted by m u lt i­
p ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100 p e r c e n t) b y the r e l a t i v e (th e p e r c e n t
ch an ge p lus 100 p e r c e n t) f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d in g y e a r and then c o n ­
tin u in g to m u ltip ly (com p ou n d ) ea c h y e a r 's r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v io u s
y e a r 's in d ex.
F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
tr e n d s r e la t e to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r the n o r m a l w o rk w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e ch a n ges in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts .
T h e p e r c e n ts a r e b a s e d on d ata f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in
e a c h g ro u p .

M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f th e fo llo w in g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p is a s s ig n e d a c on sta n t w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m ­
p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p :
O ffice c leric a l (m en and
women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (o ffice boys or
girls)

O ffice c leric a l (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-m achine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L im ita tio n s o f D ata
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ts o f c h a n ge , as m e a s u r e s o f ch an ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y :
(1 ) G e n e r a l s a la r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2 ) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y in d iv id u a l
w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e jo b , and (3 ) c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to c h a n ges in th e la b o r f o r c e r e s u ltin g f r o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and c h an ges in the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t p a y le v e l s . C h an ges in
th e la b o r f o r c e can c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e iv a b le that e v e n
though a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a g a v e w a g e in c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts e n te r e d
th e a r e a o r e xp an d ed th e ir w o r k f o r c e s . S im i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y h a ve
r e m a in e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n sta n t, y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y h a ve r is e n
c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts e n te r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)

Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

NOTE: Comptom eter operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s th e e f fe c t
o f ch a n ges in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each jo b in ­
c lu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n ts o f c h an ge r e f l e c t o n ly ch an ges in
a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rs .
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d b y
ch a n ges in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as such, o r b y p r e m iu m p a y
f o r o v e r t im e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d ata a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n ts o f ch an ge an y s ig n ific a n t e f fe c t c a u s e d b y
ch a n ges in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n a r e m u lt i­
p lie d b y th e o c c u p a tio n a l w e ig h t, and the p ro d u c ts f o r a l l o c c u p a tio n s
in th e g ro u p a r e to ta le d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s a r e
r e la t e d b y s u b tra c tin g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the la t e r y e a r and d iv id in g the r e m a in d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt t im e s 100 sh ow s the p e r c e n t
o f c h a n ge.




5




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in J a c k s o n , M is s ., J a n u a r y 1 9 7 2 a n d J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3 ,
a n d p e rc e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
M anufacturing

A ll in du stries
Weekly earn ings
P eriod

Office
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

Ind ustrial
n u rses
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings
Skilled
m aintenance
trad es
(men)

U nskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Weekly earn ings
Office
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings

In d u strial
n u rse s
(men and
women)

Skilled
m aintenance
trad e s
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Indexes (F e b ru ary 1967=100)
Jan u ary 1972________________________________
Jan u ary 1973_______________ ______________

127.7
135.5

(’ )
()

140.4
151.2

128.8
133.8

(!)
(*)

(!)
(*)

132.3
139.8

136.7
141.8

( )

>
( )

P erce n ts of in c re a se
F e b ru ary I960 to F e b ru ary 1961. __________
F eb ru ary 1961 to F eb ru ary 1962_____ ______
F eb ru ary 1962 to F e b ru ary 1963___________
F eb ru ary 1963 to F eb ru ary 1964____________
F eb ru ary 1964 to F eb ru ary 1965____________
F eb ru ary 1965 to F eb ru ary 1966______ _____
F eb ru ary 1966 to F eb ru ary 1967_______ ____
F eb ru ary 1967 to F eb ru ary 1968____________
F eb ru ary 1968 to F eb ru ary 1969—
__-_ _
_ _ _
F eb ru ary 1969 to Jan u ary 1970:
11-month in c re a se ________ ______________
Annual rate of in c r e a s e ____________....____
Jan u ary 1970 to Jan u ary 1971----- ----------- —
Jan u ary 1971 to Jan u ary 1972_______________
Jan u ary 1972 to Jan u ary 1973— _____________

1.8

3.3
3.4
3.7
3.1
5.4
5.4
3.7
5.5
4.2
4.6
5.0
6.7

6.1

4.0
8.3
2.9
4.9

< >
(*)

5.0
4.0
3.6
.5
1.5
3.1
3.7
3.6
9.8

4.4

8.6

()
()
()
(*)

(?)
(*)

3.3
3.6

4.5
4.9

(*)
C)

(

)

2.3

4.0
4.4

(!)
( )
(*)

10.9
7.7
7.7

4.2
4.3
3.9

(!)
)
(*)

(')
()
()

9.2
4.8
5.7

9.1
6.3
3.7

(>
()
<)
C)
()
(>
(>

2.1
5.9
8.7

0
( >
()
()

)
)
)
)
)

( )
( )
)

( )

>
(*)

(
(
(
(

(
(*)

4.5
8.3

2.1

0
)
()
(*)

8.8

4.2




T a b le 3 . P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ,
a d ju s te d fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts , in J a c k s o n , M is s ., J a n u a r y 1 9 7 2 to J a n u a ry 1 9 7 3
Occupational group

Office c le r ic a l (men and wom en)____________________
In d u strial n u rse s (men and women)__________________
Skilled m aintenance trad es (m en)___________________
Unskilled plantw orkers (m en)_____ ________________

All
in du stries

5.7
(*)

6.6
4.1

M anufac­
turing

Nonmanu­
facturing

(*)
(*)
5.6
5.0

5.9
(*>

1 Data do not m eet publication c r ite r ia .

NOTE: Table 3 provides percents of change in av erage hourly earn ings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted to exclude the effect of employment sh ifts. The new method
fo r computing wage tren ds is based on changes in av erage hourly earn ings for establishm ents
reporting the index jobs in both the cu rren t and previous year (m atched establish m en ts),
holding establishm ent employment in the jobs constant.
The new wage trends a re not lipked to the curren t indexes b ecau se the new wage
trends m easu re changes in m atched establish m en t a v e ra g e s w hereas the curren t indexes
m ea su re changes in a re a a v e r a g e s. Other c h a ra c te ristic s of the new wage trends which
differ from the curren t ones include (1) earn ings data of office c le r ic a l w orkers and indus­
tr ia l n u rse s a re converted to an hourly b a s is , and (2) trend e stim a te s a re provided for
nonmanufacturing establish m en ts.
F o r a m ore detailed d escrip tion of the new method used to compute a re a wage survey
in dexes, see "Im proving A rea Wage Survey Indexes, " Monthly L ab or R eview , Jan u ary 1973,
pp. 52-57.

(*)
(*>

8

A. Occupational earnings
T a b le A -1. Office occupations: Weekly earnings
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Jackson, M iss., January 1973)

See footnotes at end of tables




9
T a b l e A - 1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a ti o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s — C o n t i n u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Jackson, Miss., January 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

$

Average
weekly

$

60

Mean *

(standard'

Median *

Middle ranged

65

AND

$

80

75

LLhj j

1
3

OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

85

95

90

90

85

113.00
110.50
133.00

1 0 y 50
101.00
139.00

100

100

no

105

105

10

95

An

90 "0
100.00

QJ.

0n

1 fu

nn

56

39.5
39.5
39.5

97.00
106.00
93.50

96.00
103.50
96.00

88.00103.50 93.00116.00
86.50-101.50

5

106.00
106.50
115.50

100.00
100.00
119.00

89.50
89.50

86.00
86.00

3

3

at

end

of

n
• 'l
*

*

39

LB

fo o tn o te s

8

90.00121.50
89.50-122.50
99.00135.50

39.0
39.0

.
1

95.50-136.50
95.00-135.50
112.50-166.50

21
18

1

-

40 0
50.0
39.5

Yi

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------ -

2

39.5
39.0

49
16

S ee

70

103.50-110.00
91.50-133.50

95

SWITCHBOARD

80

120

115

130

160

t

150

f

160

*

>

170

180

t
200

190

and

$

106
107.00
105.00
132.50

UTILITIES

U r L K f l 1U K j *

$

108*00
110.50
120.00

39.5

J U l 1L M u U A K U

75

70

14

120

115

n o

160

130

150

160

170

180

|

1

-

-

190

over

200

WOMEN C O M B I N E D CONTINUED

1w

PUBLIC

Number of worker s receiving straight -time wee kly earnings of---*
$
t
*
$
*
>
»
>
s

(

and
under
65

MEN

t

$

118
117

3

8

18
16

3
_

1
_
1
1

12
12
i

i

1

3

-

6

1

,

1

7

69.50-122.50
69.00-126.00

77.5077.00-

1

19

8

ii
i

1

3

17

10

13

7

17
17

2

3

i

2

1

-

-

-

-

10

1
9
9

95.00
96.50

1

i
i

19
19

8
8

8

21
21

23
23

*

3

10
10

*

6

6

ta b le s .

Table A-2. Professional andtechnical occupations: Weekly earnings
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Jackson, M iss., January 1973)
Uockl> am ill’ s ‘
M am ml)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
work cis

Numbe r of worker s rece ving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S

s

W ,.r.

75
llOUIV

(

Mean -

]

Median l

Middle range*

%

$

%

t

«

*

t

S

t

t

t

$

t

t

t

t

t

*

»

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

160

150

160

170

18 0

190

20 0

21 0

85

90

95

100

105

n o

n s

120

1?5

130

135

160

150

160

170

180

19 0

200

21 0

2 2 0

3
3

3
3

2
2

2
2

-

3
l

7

3

1

"

1

2

and
unde r
80

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
$
COMPUTER

OPERATORS.

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

B ------------------------------------------------

CLASS

37
32

$

$

$

39.5 160.00 138.50 119 .00-169.00
39.0 139.00 136.00 119.00-169.00

1
1

-

1
1

2
2

“
*

1
1

1
1

L

a/ nn
40.0 173.00 i164.00
DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

C

-------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------

32
17

60.0 123.50 121.00 106.00-166.50
39.5 127.00 161.50 101 .00-152.00

-

-

3

3

2

2

2
2

See footnotes at end of tables.




3

3

3

2

3

-

2

3

2

2

2

3

*

1

1

6

3

3

1

3

1
'

3

6

6

-

-

-

-

-

3
'

3

2

6

*

*

'

’

'

'

^

“

10

T a b l e A - 3 . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tec h n ica l o cc u p atio n s: A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arn in g s , by sex
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Jackson, M iss., January 1973)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

O F F IC E

O C C U P A T IO N S

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings1
(standard) (standard)

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

MEN

O F F IC E

A C C O U N T IN G ,

CLASS

B

--------

IT

3 9 .5

(O F F IC E

BOVS)

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

------------------

27

3 8 .5

9 2 .5 0

---------------------------------

26

3 8 .5

O F F IC E

OPERATORS,

A

66

3 9 .0

$
1 0 6 .5 0

----------------------

39

3 9 .0

1 0 6 .5 0

CLASS

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

O C C U P A T IO N S

-

WOMEN

OPERATORS,

B

157

3 8 .0

165

3 8 .0

9 6 .0 0

18

+

--------------------------------------------------------------------

o

A

S E C R E T A R IE S
o

CLASS

OPERATORS.

366

3 9 .0

9 8 .0 0

CLASS

B

OPERATORS,

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

------------------------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

------------------------------

P U B L IC
36

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

9 9 .0 0

A C C O U N T IN G ,

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

CLASS

A

3 9 .0

--------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

----------------------

A C C O U N T IN G ,

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

CLASS

B

--------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

----------------------

1 1 3 .0 0

6 0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0

16

3 9 .5

1 3 3 .0 0

------------

21

6 0 .0

9 8 .5 0

----------- -------------------

18

3 9 .5

1 0 0 .0 0

U T IL IT IE S

6 0 .0

S W IT C H B O A R D

OPERATORS,

1 2 8 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 2 9 .5 0

76

3 9 .0

1 2 0 .5 0

261

3 9 .0

36

3 9 .5

1 0 2 .5 0

20 7

3 9 .0

1 0 8 .5 0

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S -

56

3 9 .5

9 7 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-----------------------------------------------------------------

17

3 9 .5

1 0 6 .0 0

1 6 3 .5 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

39

3 9 .5

9 3 .5 0

19

3 9 .5

1 6 6 .5 0

55

3 9 .0

1 0 6 .0 0

15

3 9 .0

1 6 1 .5 0

------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
-----------------------------P U B L IC
U T IL IT IE S
--------------------------

53

3 9 .0

1 0 6 .5 0

18

3 9 .5

1 1 5 .5 0

56

3 9 .5

1 6 9 .0 0

56

3 9 .5

1 6 9 .0 0

118

3 9 .0

8 9 .5 0

20

3 9 .0

1 7 6 .0 0

------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
------------------------------

11 7

3 9 .0

8 9 .5 0

55

3 9 .5

1 3 7 .5 0

66

3 9 .0

1 6 1 .5 0

21 6

3 9 .0

1 1 1 .5 0

20 5

3 9 .0

1 1 0 .5 0

1 6 0 .5 0

113

3 9 .5

1 1 0 .0 0

----------------

19

6 0 .0

1 0 8 .0 0

------

96

3 9 .5

1 1 0 .0 0

60

3 9 .0

1 2 7 .0 0

S W IT C H B O A R D

CLASS

A
—

T Y P IS T S ,

CLASS

A

S E C R E T A R IE S ,

CLASS

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

B
—

U T IL IT IE S

S E C R E T A R IE S ,

CLASS

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

C
—

T Y P IS T S ,

CLASS

B

P R O F E S S IO N A L

AND

O C C U P A T IO N S
3 9 * 0

8 9 .5 0

3 9 .0

8 9 .5 0

C LERKS,

C

95

3 8 .5

7 7 .0 0

-

95

3 8 .5

7 7 .0 0

32

3 9 .0

1 2 2 .5 0

20

3 9 .0

1 2 6 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S ,

CLASS

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

D
—

COMPUTER

OPERATORS,

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

STENOGRAPHERS,

GENERAL

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
CLERKS,

PAYROLL

----------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

See footnote at end of tables.




B

1 0 7 .5 0

68
68

CLASS

CLASS

3 9 .0

1 2 2 .5 0

100
2*

CLERKS, FILE, CL A S S B
NONMANUFACTURING —
F IL E ,

----------------------------------------

3 9 .0

U T IL IT IE S

S E C R E T A R IE S ,

P U B L IC
CLERKS,

6 0 .0

66

-

26
322

-------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
C LERKS.

56
69

9 7 .5 0

25

----------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------

S E N IO R

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

1 2 3 .5 0

CLASS

----------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

-

C O N T IN U E O

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

Weekly
Weekly
hours * earnings1
standard) (standard)

9 6 .0 0

----------------------

Number
of
w
orkers

$
STENOGRAPHERS,
P U B L IC

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

O C C U P A T IO N S

WOMEN—

9 3 .0 0
KEYPUNCH

O F F IC E

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

-

1 2 8 .5 0
KEYPUNCH

MESSENGERS

O C C U P A T IO N S

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

WOMEN— C O N T IN U E O

$
CLERKS.

Num
ber
of
workers

P U B L IC

U T IL IT IE S

T E C H N IC A L
-

MEN

--------------

36

3 9 .0

----------------------------------------------

30

3 9 .0

1 6 0 .5 0
1 7 3 .0 0

CLASS

B

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

B

-------------------------------------------------

26

6 0 .0

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

C

-------------------------------------------------

28

3 9 .5

1 2 6 .5 0

--------------------------------------------------------

17

3 9 .5

1 2 7 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

11

T a b l e A - 4 . M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r ly e a rn in g s
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Jackson, M iss., January 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3
s

$

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

w
orkers

M 2 Median2
ean

Middle range 2

IT ,1
Under 2*80
and
t
under
2 .8 0
2 .9 0

t

s

*

$

*

(

%

$

$

t

t

t

i

t

t

%

s

i

t

i

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 9

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 . 10

4 . 20

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 . 70

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 . 20

4 . 30

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 . 80

5 .0 0

over

HEN

$
E L E C T R I C I A N S , M A I N T E N A N C E --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

$

$

45

4 .0 4

4 .2 4

3 .3 9 -

4 .4 5

-

-

-

-

-

5

7

-

3

4

-

1

8

2

9

-

4

-

-

2

42

3 .9 9

4 .2 3

3 .4 0 -

4 .4 4

-

*

-

-

-

4

7

*

3

4

-

1

8

2

9

-

4

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

5

-

7

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

5

-

7

-

*

-

$

M A C H I N I S T S , M A I N T E N A N C E ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

35

4 .0 3

4 .4 1

3 . 5 1 -

4 .4 7

3

32

4 .1 5

4 .4 2

3 . 5 5 -

4 .4 7

-

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ! -------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

86

4 .7 2

4 .8 5

3 . 4 1 -

6 .1 5

2

2

1

2

6

1

3 .1 5

2 .9 8 -

3 .7 5

2

2

1

2

5

-

15

3 .3 5

-

2

18

1

1

68

5 .0 8

6.11

3 . 4 7 -

6 .1 6

-

-

-

1

5

2

14

-

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

96

3 .6 8

3 .4 8

3 . 0 5 -

4 .3 2

2

14

4

92

3 .6 0

3 .4 6

3 .0 4 -

4 .3 0

2

14

4

-

9
9

See footnotes at end of tables.




4

7

11

4

4
'

* All workers were at $6 to $6.20.

5

7

11

4

-

1

.

1

-

1
1

.

-

.

-

-

-

-

6

6

.

-

-

_

_

2

15

-

-

2

15

-

-

-

-

8

15

-

-

8

15

2

2

1

2

1

1
1

_

3

-

-

-

7

-

-

7

3

5

* 3 9

5

39

-

4

12

Table A-5. Custodial and material movement occupations: Hourly earnings
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Jackson, M iss., January 1973)

(

<

Number of workers receiving
»
.60 2.80

.00

traight-time hourly earnings of—
*
i
t
$
i
i
t
t
$
i
t
i
s
*
3.20 3 . A0 3.60 3.80 A .00 A .20 A.A0 A. 60 A. 80 5.00 5.20 5. A0 5.60 5.80

2.20

2. A0 2.60 2.80 3.00

.20

3 . A0 3.60 3.80 A .00 A . 20 A. A0 A .60 A. 80 5.00 5.20 5. AO 5.60 5.80 6.00

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

(
t
1.60 1.70
Mean2 Median2

t

%

1.80 2.00 2.20 2. A0

Middle range 2

1.70 1.80 ? .00

M N
fc
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----

A19
1A5

$
1.97
2.33

$
1.80
2.27

$

2 .1 2 - 2.53
2 .1 A - 2.A8
1 .8 3 - 3.32

367

2.35

2.2A

59

2.47

2.09

308

2.16
137
K tL t 1V 1No LL l KInj

21

2.91
2.91

$
1.6 8 - 2.21
2 .1 0 - 2.58

71

36

A2
28

58
83

55

18

90

A1

86

3

1

13
18

8

33

2.65
4.11

2.61
4.63

2.03

1.89

1 .8 3 - 2.05

2
"1

2 .5 4 - 2.70
1 .8 7 - 5.95

45

5
-6

8
6

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/ 2 TO
195

8

37

5.06

5.92
5.93

4.52

on
90

/* o i
4.07

’ *63
5.92

^ ^
3.04

2.^8

2.A5
2.AA

2 .3 2 - 3.02
2.33
2.89

56
51

1.76
1.72

1.69

1 .6 5 - 1.85
1.6 A - 1.81

6

63

8
8

3J

T^r'n
5.96

18 A
1*3

8

5.96

13

8

5

62

2
1
1
0

2

2

8

31
31

9

5

7

1
1
10

1
12

uc
5

8

2A

13
43

1

3

2

8
IS

2
3

2

8
3

1
2

3

21

M EN
OM




-

193
193

5

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,

See footnotes at end of tables.

-

32

1

"70
182
396

1.68

-

62
62

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----

-

20

1 .8 7 - 2.A5

1.88

-

18

.

2.60

1A

2.99

62

NONMANUTACTURING

138
13

3

i

2

8
8
8

1
1

i

2

1A
t4

9

i

137
137

5

56

i

9

1

2
-3
15

12

1
2

2

56

13

Footnotes

1 S tan d ard h o u rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e
at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs .
2 T h e m ea n is c o m p u te d fo r ea c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s ,
T h e m e d ia n
d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e than the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the r a te shown,
T h e m id d le
ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a te s o f p a y ; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n le s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r r a te .
3 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The p rim a ry p urp ose of p rep arin g job d escrip tion s for the B u re a u 's wage survey s is to a s s i s t its field staff in cla ssify in g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who a re employed under a variety of payroll title s and different work arran gem en ts from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from a re a to a re a . This p e rm its the grouping of occupational wage ra te s rep resen tin g com parable job content. B e cau se of this em nhasis on
in terestablish m ent and in te r a re a com parability of occupational content, the B u re au 's job d escrip tion s m ay d iffer significan tly from those in u se in
individual estab lish m en ts or those p rep ared for other p u rp o se s. In applying these job d escrip tio n s, the B u re a u 's field econom ists a re instructed
to exclude working su p e rv iso r s; app ren tices; le a r n e r s; beginners; tra in e e s; and handicapped, p art-tim e , tem p orary , and probationary w ork ers.

OFFICE
C L E R K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL L E R , MACHINE
P re p a re s statem en ts, b ills, and in voices on a m achine other than an ordin ary or electrom atic typew riter. May a lso keep rec o rd s a s to billings or shipping ch arg e s or perform other
c le r ic a l work incidental to billing op eratio n s. F o r wage study p u rp o ses, b ille r s , m achine, a re
c la ss ifie d by type of m achine, a s follow s:
B ille r , m achine (billing m ach ine). U se s a sp ecial billing machine (combination typing
and adding m achine) to p rep are b ills and in voices from cu sto m ers' purch ase o r d e r s, in ter­
nally p rep ared o r d e r s, shipping m em oran dum s, etc. U sually involves application of p r e ­
determ ined discounts and shipping ch a rg e s and entry of n ec e ssa ry exten sion s, which m ay or
m ay not be computed on the billing m achine, and to tals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m achine. The operation u su ally involves a la rg e number of carbon copies of the b ill being
p rep ared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
B ille r , m achine (bookkeeping m achine). U se s a bookkeeping m achine (with o r without
a typew riter keyboard) to p rep a re cu sto m e rs' b ills a s p art of the accounts receivable o p e ra ­
tion. G enerally involves the sim ultaneous entry of fig u re s on c u sto m ers' ledger reco rd . The
m achine autom atically accu m ulates fig u re s on a number of v e rtical colum ns and com putes
and u sually p rin ts autom atically the debit or cred it b alan ce s. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and cred it s lip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping m achine (with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record
of bu sin e ss tran sa c tio n s.
C la s s A. K eeps a set of rec o rd s requiring a knowledge of and experience in b asic
bookkeeping p rin c ip le s, and fa m ilia rity with the stru ctu re of the p articu lar accounting system
used. D eterm ines p roper rec o rd s and d istribution of debit and cred it item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May p rep a re consolidated re p o rts, balance sh e ets, and other reco rd s
by hand.
C la ss B. K eeps a reco rd of one or m ore p h ases or section s of a set of reco rd s usually
requiring little knowledge of b a sic bookkeeping. P h ase s or section s include accounts payable,
p ay ro ll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d escrib e d under b ille r,
m achine), co st d istribution, expense d istribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t
in p rep aration of tr ia l balan ces and p rep are control sheets for the accounting departm ent.
C L E R K , ACCOUNTING
P erfo rm s one o r m ore accounting c le r ic a l ta sk s such a s posting to r e g is te r s and le d g e rs;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal con sisten cy, com pleten ess, and m athem atical
accu racy of accounting docum ents; assign in g p resc rib e d accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for c le r ic a l accu racy v ario u s types of re p o rts, lis t s , calculations, posting, e tc.;
o r p rep aring sim ple or a ssistin g in prep arin g m ore com plicated journal vouch ers. May work
in either a m anual or autom ated accounting system .
The work re q u ires a knowledge of c le r ic a l m ethods and office p rac tic e s and p roced ures
which re la te s to the c le r ic a l p ro c essin g and recording of tran saction s and accounting inform ation.
With experien ce, the w orker typically becom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting te rm s
and p ro ced u res used in the a ssig n e d work, but is not requ ired to have a knowledge of the form al
p rin cip les of bookkeeping and accounting.




P osition s a re c la ss ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Under general sup ervision , p e rfo rm s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
requ ire the application of experien ce and judgm ent, for exam ple, c le ric a lly p ro cessin g com ­
p licated or nonrepetitive accounting tran sa ctio n s, selectin g among a substantial variety of
p re sc rib e d accounting codes and c la ssific a tio n s, o r tracin g tran sactio n s through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d isc re p a n c ie s. May be a ss is te d by one or m ore
c la s s B accounting c le r k s.
C la s s B . Under clo se sup ervision , following detailed in struction s and standardized p ro ­
ce d u re s, p e rfo rm s one or m ore routine accounting c le r ic a l op eration s, such as posting to
le d g e rs, c a rd s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and locations of postings are
c le a rly indicated: checking accu racy and com pleten ess of stan dardized and repetitive reco rd s
or accounting docum ents; and coding docum ents using a few p re sc rib e d accounting codes.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s if ie s , and re trie v e s m ate rial in an estab lish e d filing sy stem . May perform
c le r ic a l and m anual ta sk s required to m aintain file s . P osition s a re c la ss ifie d into lev e ls on the
b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . C la s sifie s and indexes file m a te ria l such a s corresp on d en ce, re p o rts, tech­
n ical docum ents, etc., in an establish ed filing system containing a number of varied subject
m atter file s . May a lso file this m a te ria l. May keep re c o rd s of v ariou s types in conjunction
with the file s . May lead a sm all group of lower level file c le r k s.
C la s s B . S o rts, cod es, and file s u n classifie d m a te ria l by sim p le (subject m atter) head­
ings or p artly c la ss ifie d m a te ria l by finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c r o ss -r e fe re n c e a id s. As requ ested, lo ca tes c le arly identified m ate rial in file s and fo r ­
w ards m a te ria l. May p erform related c le r ic a l ta sk s requ ired to m aintain and serv ice file s.
C la s s C . P erfo rm s routine filing of m ate rial that has alread y been c la ssifie d or which
is e a sily c la ss ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l c la ssific a tio n system (e.g ., alphabetical, chronological,
or n um erical). As requ ested, locates read ily available m ate rial in file s and forw ards m a ­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. May perform sim ple c le r ic a l and m anual task s
requ ired to m aintain and se rv ice file s .
C L E R K , ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers' o rd e rs for m ate rial or m erch an d ise by m ail, phone, or person ally .
Duties involve any combination of the follow ing: Quoting p ric e s to cu sto m ers; m aking out an order
sheet listin g the item s to m ake up the ord e r; checking p r ic e s and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing ord er sheets to resp e ctiv e departm ents to be filled . May check with credit
departm ent to determ ine cred it rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receip t of o rd e rs from cu sto m ers,
follow up o rd e rs to see that they have been filled , keep file of o rd e rs received, and check shipping
invoices with original o r d e r s.
C L E R K , PAYROLL
Computes w ages of company em ployees and en ters the n e c e ssa ry data on the payroll
sh eets. Duties involve: C alculating w o rk e rs' earn ings based on tim e or production reco rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such a s w o rk e r's nam e, working
day s, tim e, rate , deductions for in su ran ce, and total w ages due. May m ake out paychecks and
a s s i s t p ay m aster in m aking up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

NO TE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for com ptom eter o p e ra to rs.

14

15
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SEC RETA R Y — Continued

O p erates a keypunch m achine to reco rd or v erify alphabetic and /or num eric data on
tabulating c a rd s or on tap e.

NO TE: The term "co rp o rate o ffic er, " used in the level definitions following, r e f e r s to
those o fficials who have a significant corporate-w ide policym aking role with reg ard to m ajo r
company a c tiv itie s. The title "vice p r e sid e n t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all c a se s identify such p osition s. Vice p resid en ts whose p rim ary resp on sibility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual c a se s or tran sactio n s (e .g ., approve o r deny individual loan o r cred it action s;
adm in ister individual tru st accounts; d irectly su p erv ise a c le r ic a l staff) a re not considered to be
"co rp o rate o ffic e r s " for p u rp oses of applying the following level definition s.

P o sitio n s a re c la ss ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la s s A . Work re q u ires the application of experien ce and judgment in selectin g p ro ce ­
d u res to be followed and in search in g fo r, in terpretin g, selectin g, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a v ariety of so urce docum ents. On o ccasio n m ay a lso perform som e routine
keypunch work. May train in experienced keypunch o p e rato rs.
C la s s B . Work is routine and rep etitiv e. Under clo se su p ervision or following sp ecific
p ro ced u res or in stru ctio n s, works from v ario u s stan dardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows sp ecified p ro ced u res which have been p rescrib e d in d etail and require
little or no selectin g , coding, or in terpretin g of data to be record ed . R e fe rs to su p e rv iso r
p roblem s a risin g from erron eou s item s or codes or m issin g inform ation.
M ESSEN GER (Office Boy o r G irl)
P e rfo rm s v a rio u s routine duties such as running e rra n d s, operating m inor office m a ­
chines such a s s e a le r s or m a ile r s , opening and d istributing m ail, and other m inor c le r ic a l work.
Exclude positions that req u ire operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.

C la s s A
1. S ec re ta ry to the chairm an of the board or p resid en t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
2. S ec re ta ry to a corp orate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5, 000 but few er than 25, 000 p e rso n s; or
3. S e c re ta ry to the head, im m ediately below the corp orate officer level, of a m ajo r
segm ent or su b sid iary of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la s s B
1. S e cre ta ry to the chairm an of the board or p resid en t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, fewer than 100 p e rso n s; or
2. S e cre ta ry to a corp orate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rso n s; or

A ssign ed a s p e rso n al se c r e ta r y , n orm ally to one individual. M aintains a clo se and highly
resp on sive relation sh ip to the day-to-day work of the su p e rv iso r. Works fairly independently r e ­
ceiving a minim um of detailed supervision and guidance. P erfo rm s v arie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l
d uties, usually including m o st of the follow ing:

3. S e c re ta ry to the head, im m ediately below the officer le v e l, over either a m ajo r
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g ., m arketing, re se a rc h , op eration s, in dustrial r e la tion s, etc.) or a m ajo r geographic or organizational segm ent (e .g ., a region al head quarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
e m p loy ees; or
4. S e cre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory , etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 p e rso n s; or

a. R eceiv es telephone c a lls , p erso n al c a lle r s , and incoming m ail, an sw ers routine
in qu ires, and routes technical in quiries to the proper p e rso n s;

5. S e c re ta ry to the head of a la rge and im portant organ izational segm ent (e.g ., a m iddle
m anagem ent su p e rv iso r of an organizational segm ent often involving a s m any a s se v e ra l
hundred p erso n s) or a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rs o n s .

SEC R ET A R Y

b.

E sta b lish e s, m ain tain s, and r e v ise s the su p e rv is o r 's file s;

c.

M aintains the su p e rv iso r 's calen dar and m akes appointm ents as in structed;

d.

R elays m e s s a g e s from su p e rv iso r to subordinates;

e. Review s correspondence, m em orandum s, and rep o rts p rep ared by others for the
su p e r v is o r 's signature to a ss u r e proced ural and typographic accu racy;
f.

P e rfo rm s stenographic and typing work.

May a lso p erfo rm other c le r ic a l and se c r e ta r ia l ta sk s of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work ty p ically re q u ires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p r o g ra m s, and p ro ced u res related to the work of the su p e rv iso r.
E xclu sio n s
Not a ll positions that a re titled "s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a ra c te ris tic s . E xam ples
of position s which a re excluded from the definition a re a s follow s:
a.

P o sitio n s which do not m eet the "p e rso n a l" se c re ta ry concept d escrib e d above;

b.

Sten ograp h ers not fully train ed in s e c r e ta r ia l type duties;

c. Sten ographers serv in g as office a ss is ta n ts to a group of p ro fe ssio n al, technical, or
m an ag e rial p e rso n s;
d. S e c re ta ry positions in which the duties a re either substan tially m ore routine or
substan tially m ore com plex and resp o n sible than those ch aracte rize d in the definition;
e. A ssista n t type positions which involve m o re difficult o r m ore resp on sible tech­
n ical, ad m in istrativ e, su p e rv iso ry , or sp ec ia lize d c le r ic a l duties which a re not typical of
s e c r e t a r ia l work.




C la s s C
1. S e c re ta ry to an executive or m an ag erial p erson whose resp o n sib ility is not equivalent
to one of the sp ecific level situations in the definition for c la s s B, but whose organizational
unit norm ally num bers at le a s t sev e ral dozen em ployees and is u sually divided into o rg an iza ­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, furth er subdivided. In som e com pan ies, th is level
includes a wide range of organ izational echelons; in oth ers, only one or two; or
2. S e c re ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, few er than 5,000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s D
1. S e cre ta ry to the su p e rv iso r or head of a sm a ll organ izational unit (e.g ., fewer than
about 25 or 30 p e rso n s); m2. S e cre ta ry to a n onsupervisory staff sp e c ia list, p ro fe ssio n al em ployee, ad m in istra­
tive o ffic e r, or a ss is ta n t, sk illed technician o r exp ert. (NOTE: Many com panies a ssig n
sten ograp h ers, rath er than s e c r e ta r ie s a s d escrib e d above, to this level of su p ervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tra n sc rib e the dictation. May
a lso type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasion ally tran scrib e
from voice record in gs (if p rim a ry duty is tran scrib in g from reco rd in g s, see T ranscribing-M achine
O perator, G eneral).
NO TE: This job is distinguished from that of a se c r e ta r y in that a se c re ta ry norm ally
works in a confidential relation sh ip with only one m an ager or executive and p erform s m ore
resp on sible and d iscre tio n ary ta sk s a s d escrib e d in the s e c r e ta r y job definition.
Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May m aintain file s , keep sim ple r e c o r d s,
or perform other relativ e ly routine c le r ic a l ta sk s.

16
STENOGRAPHER— Continued

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine O perator)— Continued

Stenographer, Senior

P osition s a re c la ss ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis of the following definitions.

Dictation involves a v aried technical or sp ec ia lize d vocabulary such a s in le g al brie fs
o r rep o rts on scien tific re se a rc h . May a lso set up and m aintain file s , keep re c o r d s, etc.
OR
P e rfo rm s stenographic duties requ iring significan tly g rea ter independence and resp o n ­
sib ility than sten ograp h er, ge n e ral, a s evidenced by the following: Work req u ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accu racy ; a thorough working knowledge of general b u sin ess
and office procedure; and of the sp ec ific b u sin e ss op eration s, organization, p o licie s, p ro ce ­
d u res, file s , workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
resp o n sib le c le r ic a l ta sk s such a s m aintaining followup file s; assem blin g m ate rial for rep o rts,
m em oran dum s, and le tte r s ; com posing sim p le le tte rs from general in stru ction s; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answ ering routine question s, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la s s A . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls . P e rfo rm s full telephone inform ation se rv ic e o r handles
com plex c a lls , such a s con feren ce, co lle ct, o v e r s e a s , or s im ila r c a lls , either in addition to
doing routine work a s d esc rib e d fo r sw itchboard o p e rato r, c la s s B, or a s a fu ll-tim e
assign m en t. ( " F u ll” telephone inform ation se r v ic e o ccu rs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that a re not read ily understandable for telephone inform ation p u rp o se s, e .g ., becau se
of overlapping or in terrelated functions, and consequently present frequent p roblem s as to
which extensions a re appropriate fo r c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p erates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant o r office c a lls . May handle routine long distance c a lls and reco rd to lls.
May p erfo rm lim ited telephone inform ation se r v ic e . ("L im ite d " telephone inform ation se rv ice
o ccu rs if the functions of the establishm ent se rv ic e d are read ily understandable for telephone
inform ation p u rp o se s, or if the req u ests a re routine, e .g ., giving extension num bers when
sp ecific nam es a re furnished, or if com plex c a lls a re re fe rre d to another op erator.)
T h ese c la ssific a tio n s do not include sw itchboard o p e ra to rs in telephone com panies who
a s s i s t cu sto m ers in placing c a lls .
S WITCHBOAR D OPERATOR - R E C E PTIONIST
In addition to p erform in g duties of operator on a sin gle-p osition or m onitor-type switch­
board, a c ts a s recep tio n ist and m ay a lso type or p erfo rm routine c le r ic a l work a s p art of reg u lar
d u ties. This typing or c le r ic a l work m ay take the m ajo r p art of this w o rk e r's tim e while at
sw itchboard.
TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR (E lec tric Accounting Machine O perator)
O p erates one o r a v ariety of m achines such a s the tabulator, ca lcu la to r, collato r, in ter­
p r e te r , s o rte r , reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition a re working su p e rv iso r s.
A lso excluded a re o p e rato rs of electron ic d igital co m p uters, even though they m ay a lso operate
EAM equipment.

C la s s A. P e rfo rm s com plete reporting and tabulating assign m en ts including devising
difficult control panel wiring under gen eral supervision . A ssignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex re p o rts which often a re ir r e g u la r or nonrecurring, requiring
som e planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new o p e rato rs in m achine operations or training
lower level o p e ra to rs in wiring from d iag ram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex re p o rts. Does not include position s in which wiring resp on sibility is lim ited to
selection and in sertion of prew ired b o a rd s.
C la s s B . P e rfo rm s work accord in g to establish ed p roced ures and under sp ecific in­
stru ction s. A ssignm ents typically involve com plete but routine and recu rrin g rep orts or p arts
of la r g e r and m ore com plex re p o rts. O p erates m ore difficult tabulating or e le ctrica l a c ­
counting m achines such a s the tab ulator and calcu lato r, in addition to the sim pler m achines
used by c la s s C o p e ra to rs. May be requ ired to do som e wiring from d iag ram s. May train
new em ployees in b a sic m achine o p eration s.
C las^ C. Under sp ecific in stru ctio n s, o p e rates sim ple tabulating or e le ctrica l accounting
m achines such a s the so rte r , in terp rete r, reproducing punch, collato r, etc. A ssignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sortin g or collating runs,
or repetitive op eration s. May p e rfo rm sim ple w iring from d ia g ra m s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, G EN ERAL
P rim a ry duty is to tra n sc rib e dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from
tran scrib in g-m ach in e re c o r d s. May a lso type from written copy and do sim ple c le r ic a l work.
W orkers tran scrib in g dictation involving a v arie d technical or sp ecia lize d vocabulary such as
le g al b rie fs or rep o rts on scien tific re se a r c h a re not included. A w orker who tak es dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or s im ila r m achine is c la ss ifie d a s a sten ographer.
TY PIST
U se s a typew riter to m ake copies of vario u s m a te r ia ls or to m ake out b ills a fter ca lc u la ­
tions have been m ade by another p erson . May include typing of ste n c ils, m a ts, or sim ila r m a te ­
r ia ls for u se in duplicating p r o c e s s e s . May do c le r ic a l work involving little sp ecia l train in g, such
a s keeping sim ple re c o r d s, filing reco rd s and re p o rts, o r sortin g and distributing incoming m ail.
C la s s A. P e rfo rm s one or m ore of the following: Typing m ate rial in final form when
it involves combining m ate rial from se v e ral so u rc e s; or resp o n sib ility for c o rrect spelling,
syllabication , punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate ­
ria l; or planning layout and typing of com plicated sta tistic a l tab le s to m aintain uniform ity
and balance in sp acin g. May type routine form le tte r s , varying d etails to suit c ircu m sta n ce s.
C la s s B . P e rfo rm s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or cle ar
d ra fts; or routine typing of fo rm s, in su ran ce p o lic ie s, etc.; o r setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore com plex tab les alread y set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COM PUTER OPERATOR
M onitors and op erates the control con sole of a digital com puter to p r o c e ss data according
to operating in stru ctio n s, usually p rep ared by a p ro g ra m e r. Work includes m o st of the following:
Studies in struction s to determ ine equipment setup and o p eration s: loads equipment with required
item s (tape r e e ls , c a rd s, etc.): sw itches n e c e ssa ry au xiliary equipment into c ircu it, and sta r ts
and o p erates com puter; m ak es adjustm ents to com puter to c o rre c t operating problem s and m eet
sp e c ia l conditions; review s e r r o r s m ade during operation and determ in es cause or r e fe r s problem
to su p e rv iso r or p ro g ra m er; and m aintains operating re c o r d s. May te st and a s s is t in correctin g
p ro g ram .
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, com puter o p e rato rs are c la ssifie d a s follow s:
C la s s A. O perates independently, o r under only general d irection , a com puter running
p ro g ra m s with m o st of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: New p rogram s a re frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requ irem en ts a re of c ritic a l im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p ro g ra m s a re of com plex design so that identification of e rro r source often req u ires a
.w orkin g knowledge of the total p ro g ram , and altern ate p rogram s m ay not be av ailable. May
give direction and guidance to lower level o p e ra to rs.
C la ss B . O perates independently, o r under only general d irection , a com puter running
p ro g ra m s with m o st of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: M ost of the p ro g ram s a re establish ed
production ru n s, typ ically run on a re g u larly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testin g




COM PUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p ro g ra m s requ ired ; altern ate p ro g ra m s a re provided in c a se original program needs
m ajo r change or cannot be co rrecte d within a reason able tim e. In common e rr o r situ a ­
tion s, diagn oses cause and tak es co rrectiv e action. This usually involves applying previou sly
p rogram ed co rrectiv e ste p s, or using standard co rrectio n techniques.
OR
O perates under d ire ct su p ervision a com puter running p ro g ra m s or segm ents of p ro g ram s
with the c h a ra c te ristic s d escrib ed for c la s s A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently p erform in g le s s difficult ta sk s a ssig n e d , and p erform in g difficult ta sk s following
detailed in struction s and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p ro g ram s under clo se sup ervision . Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ra m s. U sually has received som e form al train in g in com puter operation.
May a s s is t higher level op erator on com plex p ro g ra m s.
COM PUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statem en ts of bu sin e ss p rob lem s, typically p rep ared by a sy stem s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed in struction s which a re requ ired to solve the p roblem s by autom atic data
p ro cessin g equipment. Working from ch arts or d ia g ra m s, the p ro g ra m e r develops the p re c ise in ­
stru ctions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation

17
COM PUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued
of data to achieve d e sire d r e s u lts. Work involves m ost of the following: A pplies knowledge of
com puter c a p a b ilitie s, m ath em atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze ch arts and d iag ram s of the problem to be program ed; develops sequence
of p rog ram step s; w rites detailed flow ch arts to show o rd er in which data will be p ro ce sse d ;
con verts th ese ch a rts to coded instructions for m achine to follow; te sts and c o r r e c ts p ro g ram s;
p re p a re s in struction s for operating personnel during production run; an alyzes, review s, and a lte rs
p ro g ra m s to in c re a se operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains reco rd s of
p rogram developm ent and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s a n aly sis and p ro ­
gram in g should be c la ss ifie d a s sy stem s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim a rily resp o n sible for the m anagem ent or supervision of
other electron ic data p ro c e ssin g em ployees, or p ro g ra m ers p rim a rily concerned with scien tific
an d /or engineering p ro blem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, p ro g ra m e rs a re c la ssifie d as follow s:
C la s s A. Works independently or under only general d irection on com plex problem s which
requ ire com petence in all p h ases of program ing concepts and p r a c tic e s. Working from d ia ­
g ram s and ch arts which identify the nature of d esired r e su lts, m ajo r p ro cessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relation sh ips between variou s step s of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end produ cts.
At th is lev el, p rogram ing is difficult because com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce se v e ra l in terrelated but d iv erse products from num erous and d iv erse data elem ents.
A wide v ariety and extensive number of internal p ro c essin g actions m ust occu r. This req u ires
such actions a s developm ent of common operations which can be reu sed, establishm ent of
linkage points between o p eratio n s, adjustm en ts to data when program requ irem ents exceed
com puter sto ra g e capacity, and substan tial m anipulation and resequencing of data elem ents
to form a highly in tegrated p ro gram .
May provide functional direction to lower level p ro g ra m ers who are a ssig n e d to a s s is t .
C la s s B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ra m s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ra m s. P ro g ra m s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss inform ation to produce data in two o r three v aried sequences or fo rm ats. R eports
and listin g s are produced by refining, adapting, a rray in g , or m aking m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which a re read ily av ailab le. While num erous reco rd s m ay be
p ro c e sse d , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the p rogram d eals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p ro gram s (as d escribed for c la s s A) under close direction of a higher
level p ro g ram er or su p e rv iso r. May a s s i s t higher level p ro g ra m er by independently p e r ­
form ing le s s difficult ta sk s assig n ed , and perform in g m ore difficult ta sk s under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m e rs.
C la s s C. M akes p ractical applications of p rogram ing p ractice s and concepts usually
learn ed in form al training c o u rse s. A ssignm ents a re designed to develop com petence in the
application of standard p roced ures to routine p ro blem s. R eceives close supervision on new
a sp e c ts of assig n m e n ts; and work is reviewed to v erify its accu racy and conform ance with
req u ired p ro ced u re s.
COM PUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
A nalyzes bu sin e ss problem s to form ulate p roced ures for solving them by use of electronic
data p ro c e ssin g equipment. Develops a com plete descrip tion of all sp ecification s needed to enable
p ro g ra m e rs to p rep are requ ired digital com puter p ro g ra m s. Work involves m ost of the following:
A nalyzes su b ject-m atter operations to be autom ated and identifies conditions and c r ite r ia required
to achieve sa tisfa c to ry re su lts; sp ec ifies number and types of re c o r d s, file s, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to m anagem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in tr ia l runs of
new and rev ise d sy ste m s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
o p eratio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy ste m s a n aly sis and program ing should be c la s ­
sifie d a s sy ste m s an aly sts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued
every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the full system of reco rd s and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) C on fers with p erson s concerned to
determ ine the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad v ise s su b ject-m atter personnel on the im p lica ­
tions of new or rev ised sy stem s of data p ro cessin g op eration s. M akes recom m endations, if
needed, for approval of m ajo r sy stem s in stallation s or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level sy stem s an alysts who are assig n e d to
a s s is t .
C la s s B . Works independently or under only general d irection on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogram , and operate. P rob lem s are of lim ited
com plexity becau se so u rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data a re closely
related. (F or exam ple, develops sy stem s for m aintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or m aintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) Confers with p erson s concerned to determ ine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad vises sub ject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p ro cessin g sy stem s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p ro cessin g schem e or system , as d escribed for
c la s s A. Works independently on routine assign m en ts and rece iv e s instruction and guidance
on com plex assig n m e n ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgm ent, com pliance with in­
stru ction s, and to in su re proper alinement with the overall system .
C la s s C . Works under im m ediate supervision , carryin g out an aly ses a s assign ed , usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of p roced ures and sk ills required for sy stem s a n aly sis work. F or exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level sy stem s analyst by preparing the detailed specification s required
by p ro g ra m e rs from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C la s s A. P lan s the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
fe atu res that d iffer significantly from establish ed drafting preced en ts. Works in clo se sup­
port with the design orig in ator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the d etails of form , function, and positional relationships of com ­
ponents and p a r ts. Works with a minimum of su p erv iso ry a ss is ta n c e . Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw in gs, or d irect their preparation by lower level draftsm en.
C la s s B. P erfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assign m en ts that require the app li­
cation of m o st of the stan dardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working draw ings of su b a sse m b lie s with ir r e g u la r sh ap es,
m ultiple functions, and p re c ise positional relation sh ips between com ponents; p rep a re s a rc h i­
tectu ral draw ings for construction of a building including detail draw ings of foundations, wall
sectio n s, floor plan s, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssa ry
com putations to determ ine quantities of m a te r ia ls to be used, load c a p a citie s, stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives initial in struction s, requ irem en ts, and advice from su p e rv iso r.
Com pleted work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P re p a re s detail draw ings of single units or p arts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or rep air p u rp o se s. Types of draw ings p repared include iso m e tric p rojections
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale ) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. C on solidates d etails from a number of so u rces
and a d ju sts or tra n sp o se s scale as requ ired. Suggested m ethods of approach, applicable
p reced en ts, and advice on source m a te r ia ls a re given with initial assig n m en ts. Instructions
a re le s s com plete when assign m en ts recu r. Work m ay be spot-checked during p r o g re s s.
DRAFTSM AN-TRACER
Copies plans and draw ings p rep ared by others by placing tracin g cloth or paper over
draw ings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim a rily
con sisting of straigh t lines and a la rg e sc ale not requiring clo se delineation.)
AND/OR
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive draw ings of e asily v isu alized ite m s. Work is clo sely su p ervised
during p r o g re s s.

Does not include em ployees p rim arily resp on sible fo r the m anagem ent or supervision
of other electron ic data p ro c essin g em ployees, or sy stem s an alysts p rim arily concerned with
scien tific or engineering p ro blem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, sy stem s an alysts a re c la ssifie d as follows:

ELECTR O N IC S TECHNICIAN
Works on variou s types of electron ic equipment or sy stem s by perform ing one or m ore
of the following operations: Modifying, in stallin g, rep airin g, and overhauling. These operations
require the perform ance of m ost or all of the following ta s k s : A ssem blin g, testing, adjusting,
calibratin g, tuning, and alining.

C la s s A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s involving all p h ases of system s a n a ly sis. P ro b lem s a re com plex because of d iv erse so u rces of
input data and m ultip le-u se requirem ents of output data. (F o r exam ple, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost a n a ly sis, and s a le s an aly sis reco rd in which

Work is nonrepetitive and req u ires a knowledge of the theory and p ractice of electron ics
pertaining to the use of general and sp ecialized electron ic te st equipment: trouble a n aly sis; and
the operation, relation sh ip, and alinem ent of electron ic sy ste m s, su b sy stem s, and circu its having
a variety of component p a rts.




18
ELECTR O N IC S TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R eg istered )

E lectro n ic equipment or sy stem s worked on typ ically include one or m ore of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborn e radio com m unications s y ste m s, relay sy ste m s, navigation aid s;
airborne or ground ra d a r sy ste m s; rad io and telev isio n tran sm ittin g or recording sy ste m s; e le c ­
tronic com puters; m is s ile and sp ac e c ra ft guidance and control sy stem s; in d u strial and m ed ical
m easu rin g, indicating and controlling d ev ices; etc.

A re g iste re d n u rse who gives n ursing se rv ic e under g en eral m ed ical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other p e rso n s who becom e ill or su ffer an accident on the p re m ise s of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving f ir s t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d re ssin g of em ployees' in ju rie s; keeping reco rd s
of patients treated ; prep arin g accident rep o rts for com pensation or other p u rp oses; a ssistin g in
ph ysical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p ro g ram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other a ctiv ities affecting the health, w e lfa re, and safety of a ll person nel. Nursing su p e rv iso rs
or head n u rse s in establish m en ts employing m ore than one n urse a re excluded.

(Exclude production a ss e m b le r s and t e s t e r s , craftsm en , d raftsm en , d e sig n e rs, e n gin eers,
and repairm en of such standard electron ic equipment a s office m achines, radio and television
receiving s e ts .)

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CA R PEN TER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

P e rfo rm s the carp entry duties n e c e ssa r y to con struct and m aintain in good re p a ir build­
ing woodwork and equipment such a s bin s, c r ib s , coun ters, benches, p artition s, d o o rs, flo o rs,
s t a ir s , c a sin g s, and tr im m ade of wood in an establish m en t. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from b lu ep rin ts, draw in gs, m o d els, or verb al in struction s; using a
variety of c a rp e n te r's handtools, portable power to o ls, and stan dard m easuring in strum en ts; m ak ­
ing standard shop com putations relatin g to dim ensions of work; and selectin g m a te ria ls n e c e ssa ry
for the work. In ge n e ral, the work of the m aintenance carp en ter req u ires rounded train in g and
experience usually acquired through a fo rm al apprenticeship or equivalent train in g and experien ce.
ELECTRICIAN , MAINTENANCE

P rod uces replacem en t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s of m etal p arts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
in struction s and sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m ach in ist's
handtools and p recisio n m easu rin g in stru m en ts; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal p arts to clo se to le ran ces; m aking standard shop com putations relating to dim en­
sions of work, tooling, fe e d s, and sp eeds of m achining; knowledge of the working p ro p erties of
the common m e ta ls; selectin g stan dard m a te r ia ls , p a r ts , and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem b lin g p arts into m ech an ical equipment. In ge n e ral, the m ach in ist's work
norm ally req u ires a rounded train in g in m achine-shop p ractice u su ally acqu ired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent train in g and experien ce.

P erfo rm s a v arie ty of e le c tr ic a l trad e functions such a s the in stallation , m aintenance, or
re p a ir of equipment for the generation, d istribution, or utilization of e le ctric energy in an e sta b ­
lishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Installin g or repairing any of a variety of e le c ­
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
tr ic a l equipment such a s g e n e rato rs, t r a n sfo r m e r s, sw itchboards, co n tro llers, circu it b r e a k e r s ,
m o to rs, heating un its, conduit s y ste m s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from blue­
R e p a irs autom obiles, b u se s, m otortru ck s, and tr a c to r s of an establishm ent. Work in ­
p rin ts, draw ings, layouts, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctric a l
volves moat_of_the^foUqwing: Exam ining autom otive equipment to diagnose sou rce of trouble; d is ­
sy stem or equipment; working standard com putations relatin g to load requirem ents of w iring or
assem b lin g equipment and perform in g r e p a ir s that involve the u se of such handtools as w renches,
e le c tric a l equipment; and using a v ariety of e le c tric ia n 's handtools and m easu rin g and testin g
g a g e s, d r ills , or sp ecia lize d equipment in d isa sse m b lin g or fitting p a r ts ; replacing broken or
defective p a rts from stock; grinding and adjusting v a lv e s; rea sse m b lin g and installin g the variou s
instrum ents. In ge n e ral, the work of the m aintenance electrician req u ires rounded training and
a sse m b lie s in the vehicle and m aking n e c e s sa r y adjustm en ts; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
experience usually acqu ired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent train in g and experien ce.
and ligh ts, or tightening body bolts. In ge n e ral, the work of the autom otive m echanic req u ires
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
rounded train in g and experien ce usually acqu ired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
O perates and m aintains and m ay a lso su p e rv ise the operation of station ary engines and
training and experien ce.
equipment (m echanical or e le c tric a l) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrige ratio n , or air-conditioning. Work in volves: Operating and m aintaining equipment
This cla ssific a tio n does not include m ech an ics who re p a ir cu sto m e rs' vehicles in autosuch a s steam engines, a ir c o m p re sso r s, g e n e rato rs, m o to rs, turbin es, ventilating and r e fr ig ­ . m obile re p a ir shops.
eratin g equipment, steam b o ilers and b o iler-fed w ater pum ps; making equipment r e p a ir s; and
keeping a reco rd of operation of m achinery, tem p eratu re, and fuel consumption. May a lso su ­
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
p e rv ise th ese operations. Head or chief engin eers in establish m ents employing m ore than one
R e p airs m achinery or m ech an ical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
engineer a re excluded.
of the following: Exam ining m achines and m ech an ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dism antling or p artly dism antling m achines and perform in g r e p a irs that m ainly involve the use
FIREM AN, STATIONARY BO ILER
of handtools in scrap in g and fitting p a rts; replacin g broken or defective p arts with item s obtained
F ir e s station ary b o ile rs to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent p art by a m achine shop or sending of the
o r steam . F ee d s fu els to fire by hand or op erates a m ech an ical stoker, g a s, or oil burner; and
m achine to a m achine shop for m ajo r r e p a ir s; prep arin g written sp ecification s for m ajo r re p a irs
checks w ater and safety v a lv e s. May clean, o il, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.
or for the production of p a rts ordered from m achine shop; reasse m b lin g m achines; and making
a ll n e c e ssa r y adjustm en ts for operation. In ge n e ral, the work of a m aintenance m echanic req u ires
H E L P E R , MAINTENANCE TRADES
rounded train in g and experien ce usually acqu ired through a fo rm al apprenticeship or equivalent
A s s is t s one or m ore w ork ers in the sk illed m aintenance tra d e s, by perform ing sp ecific
train in g and experien ce. Excluded from this cla ssific a tio n a re w ork ers whose p rim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
or g en eral duties of le s s e r sk ill, such a s keeping a w orker supplied with m ate rials and to o ls;
cleaning working a re a , m achine, and equipment; a ss is tin g journeym an by holding m a te r ia ls or
MILLWRIGHT
to o ls; and perform ing other unskilled ta sk s a s d irected by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is p erm itted to p erfo rm v a rie s from trad e to trad e : In som e trad e s the h elper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m a te r ia ls and to o ls, and cleaning working a r e a s ; and in others
In sta lls new m achines or heavy equipment, and d ism an tles and in sta lls m achines or heavy
he is perm itted to p erfo rm sp ecialize d m achine o p eration s, or p arts of a trad e that a re a lso
equipment when changes in the plant layout a re requ ired. Work involves m o st of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecification s; using a variety
perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b a sis.
of handtools and rigging; m aking standard shop com putations relatin g to s t r e s s e s , strength of
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
m a te r ia ls , and cen ters of gravity ; alining and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard to o ls,
equipment, and p arts to be u sed; and in stallin g and m aintaining in good order power tran sm issio n
S p e c ia lize s in the operation of one or m ore types of m achine to o ls, such a s jig b o r e r s ,
equipment such a s d riv e s and speed re d u c e rs. In ge n e ral, the m illw righ t's work norm ally req u ires
cy lin d rical or su rface g rin d e rs, engine lath es, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
a rounded training and experien ce in the trad e acquired through a fo rm al apprenticeship or
m achine-shop to o ls, g a g e s, ji g s , fix tu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
equivalent train in g and exp erien ce.
and perform in g difficult machining operations; p ro c essin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high d egree of accu racy ; using a v ariety of p recisio n m easurin g in strum ents; selectin g fe e d s,
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and m aking n e c e ssa ry adjustm en ts during operation
to achieve req u isite to le ran ces or dim en sion s. May be required to recognize when tools need
P ain ts and red e co rate s w a lls, woodwork, and fix tu res of an establishm ent. Work involves
d re ssin g , to d r e s s to o ls, and to selec t p roper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F o r
the following: Knowledge of su rfa ce p e cu lia ritie s and types of paint requ ired for different ap p lica ­
c ro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o se s, m achine-tool o p e ra to rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
tion s; p rep aring su rfa c e for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r in n ail
shops a re excluded from this c la ssific a tio n .




19
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

SH E E T -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

holes and in te r s tic e s ; and applying paint with sp ra y gun or brush. May m ix c o lo r s, o ils , white
lead , and other paint in gredien ts to obtain p ro per co lo r or con sisten cy. In gen eral, the work of the
m aintenance p ainter re q u ires rounded train in g and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticesh ip or equivalent train in g and exp erien ce.

types of sh eet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m od els, or other sp ecificatio n s; setting
up and operating a ll available types of sh eet-m etal working m achines; using a v arie ty of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem b lin g ; and in stallin g sh eet-m etal a rtic le s
a s requ ired . In gen eral, the work of the m aintenance sh eet-m etal w orker requ ires rounded
training and experien ce usually acqu ired through a fo rm al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experien ce.

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w ater, stea m , g a s , or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establish m en t. Work involves m o st of the follow ing; Laying out of work and m easu rin g to locate
position of pipe from draw ings or other written sp ecificatio n s; cutting variou s s iz e s of pipe to
c o rre c t lengths with ch isel and ham m er o r oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with sto ck s and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; a ssem blin g
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to h an g ers; m aking standard shop com putations relatin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and siz e of pipe requ ired; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pip es m eet sp ec ific atio n s. In ge n e ral, the work of the m aintenance p ipefitter req u ires
rounded train in g and experien ce u su ally acquired through a fo rm al apprenticeship or equivalent
train in g and exp erien ce. W orkers p rim a rily engaged in in stalling and rep airin g building sanitation
or heating sy ste m s a re excluded.
SH E E T -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b r ic a te s , in sta lls , and m aintains in good rep a ir the sh eet-m etal equipment and fix tu res
(such a s m achine g u a rd s, g r e a se pan s, sh e lv es, lo c k e rs, tan k s, v en tilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establish m en t. Work involves m o st of the following; Planning and laying out all

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
C on structs and re p a ir s m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fix tu res o r d ies for forg in g s,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other o ral and written sp ecification s;
using a variety of tool and die m a k e r's handtools and p recisio n m easu rin g in strum ents; under­
standing of the working p ro p e rtie s of common m eta ls and a lloys; setting up and operating of
m achine tools and related equipment; making n e c e ssa ry shop com putations relatin g to dim ensions
of work, sp ee d s, fe e d s, and tooling of m achines; h eat-treatin g of m etal p a rts during fabrication
a s well a s of finished tools and dies to achieve requ ired qu alitie s; working to clo se to le ran ces;
fitting and asse m b lin g of p a rts to p re sc rib e d to le ran ces and allow ances; and selectin g appropriate
m a te r ia ls , to o ls, and p r o c e s s e s . In gen eral, the tool and die m a k e r's work req u ires a rounded
train in g in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acqu ired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent train in g and experien ce.
F o r c ro ss-in d u str y wage study p u rp o ses, tool and die m ak e rs in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded from th is cla ssific a tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, m aintaining ord e r,
using a rm s or fo rce where n e c e ssa r y . Includes gatem en who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other p e rso n s en terin g.
W atchman. M akes rounds of p re m ise s p erio d ically in protecting property again st fir e ,
theft, and ille g a l entry.
JANITOR, PO R TER , OR CLEAN ER
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working a re a s and w ash room s, or
p r e m ise s of an office, apartm ent house, or c o m m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; rem oving
ch ip s, tr a sh , and other refu se; dusting equipment, furn iture, or fix tu res; polishing m etal fix ­
tu re s or trim m in g s; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance s e r v ic e s; and cleaning la v ato rie s,
show ers, and re str o o m s. W orkers who sp ec ia lize in window washing a re excluded.
LA BO RER, M A TERIAL HANDLING
A w orker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, sto re , or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading v ariou s m a te r ia ls and
m erch an d ise on or from freigh t c a r s , tru c k s, or other tran sp ortin g d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m a te r ia ls or m erch an d ise in proper sto ra g e location; and tran sportin g m a te r ia ls or
m erch an d ise by handtruck, c a r, or wheelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tr a n sfe r o rd e rs for finished goods from stored m erchand ise in a c co rd ­
ance with sp ecificatio n s on s a le s s lip s, c u sto m e rs' o r d e r s, or other in struction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep reco rd s of outgoing o r d e r s, requ i­
sition additional stock or rep o rt short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and perform other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C LER K
P re p a re s m erch an d ise for shipment, or rece iv e s and is resp on sib le for incoming ship­
m ents of m erch an d ise or other m a t e r ia ls . Shipping work in volves: A knowledge of shipping pro­
ce d u re s, p r a c tic e s, routes, av ailable m eans of tran sp ortation , and r a te s; and preparing record s
of the goods shipped, m aking up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch a rg e s, and keeping
a file of shipping r e c o rd s. May d irect or a s s is t in p rep arin g the m erch an d ise for shipment.
R eceiving work in volves: V erifying or directing others in verifying the c o r re c tn e ss of shipments
again st bills of lading, in voices, or other re c o rd s; checking for sh o rtag e s and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erch an d ise or m a te r ia ls to proper departm ents; and m aintaining n e c e ssa ry
reco rd s and file s.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, w ork ers are c la ss ifie d a s follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receivin g clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in d u strial a re a to tran sp o rt m a te r ia ls , m erchandise,
equipm ent, or men between variou s types of e stablish m en ts such a s : M anufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehou ses, w holesale and re ta il estab lish m en ts, or between re ta il establish m ents and
cu sto m ers' houses o r p laces of b u sin e ss. May a lso load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
m ake m inor m ech an ical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working o rd e r. D riv e r-sa le sm e n and
o v er-th e-ro ad d riv e rs are excluded.
follow s:

F o r wage study p u rp o se s, tru ck d riv e rs a re c la ss ifie d by size and type of equipment, as
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tr a ile r capacity.)
T ru ck d river
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d riv er,

(com bination of s iz e s liste d sep arately )
light (under IV2 tons)
m edium (1V2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tr a ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)

PA CK ER , SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products fo r shipment or sto rage by placing them in shipping con­
ta in e r s, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work req u ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the follow ing:
Knowledge of v ario u s item s of stock in o rd er to v erify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container; in serting e n clo su res in container; using e x c e lsio r o r other m ate rial to
prevent break age or dam age; closing and sealin g container; and applying lab e ls or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who a lso m ake wooden boxes or c ra te s are excluded.




TRU CKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tra c to r to tran sp o rt
goods and m a te r ia ls of a ll kinds about a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, w orkers are c la ss ifie d by type of truck, a s follow s:
T ru ck er, power (forklift)
T ru ck er, power (other than forklift)

Av ailab le O n R e q u e s t ----T h e f o llo w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y fo r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t of 1965.
w i l l b e a v a i l a b l e at no co st w h ile s u p p li e s la s t f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l o ffi c e s show n on the b a c k c o v e r .
A l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N . M e x .
A l a s ka
A lb an y , G a .
A m a rillo , Tex.
A tl antic C it y , N . J .
A u g u s t a , G a . —S .C .
B a k e r s fie ld , C alif.
B aton R o u g e , L a .
B i l o x i , G u lf p o r t , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m fo r d , Conn.
C e d a r R a p i d s , Io wa
C h a m p a ig n —U r b a n a , 111.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n ., and H o p k i n s v i l l e , Ky .
C o l o r a d o S p r i n g s , C o lo .
C o l u m b i a , S .C .
C o l u m b u s , G a —A l a .
Corpus Ch risti, T ex.
C r a n e , Ind.
Dothan, A l a .
D u lu th —S u p e r io r , M in n .—W is .
E l Paso, Tex.
Eugene— pringfield, O reg .
S
F a r g o —M o o r h e a d , N . D a k —M inn .
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N. C.
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , ,M d.—P a — W . V a .
H
F r e s n o , C a li f.
G r a n d F o r k s , N . Da k.
G r a n d Is la n d— a s t i n g s , N e b r .
H
G r e e n b o r o —W i n s t o n S a l e m — ig h Poin t, N . C .
H
H a r r is b u r g , Pa.
K n o x v i lle , Tenn.
R e p o r t s fo r the f o llo w i n g

surveys

conduc ted in the p r i o r

*

E x p an d ed to an a r e a w a g e

s u r v e y in f i s c a l y e a r

1973.

of p u bli c

rele ases

are

or

L a re d o , Tex.
Las V egas, Nev.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d — V'a.
M a c o n , Ga .
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste.
M a r i e , M ich.
M e l b o u r n e —T i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F l a .
( B r e v a r d Co.)
M eridian, M is s.
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u th , O c e a n , and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F l a .
Montgom ery, A la.
N a s h v i l l e , Ten n.
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
N o r w i c h —G ro ton—N e w Lo n d o n , Conn.
O g d e n , Utah
O rlan do, Fla.
O x n a r d — i m i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C a l i f .
S
P a n a m a City, F l a .
P o r t s m o u t h , N . H —M a in e —M a s s .
P u e b l o , C o lo .
Reno, Nev.
Sacram ento, Calif.
Santa B a r b a r a —Santa M a r i a —L o m p o c , C a li f .
S h e r m a n —D e n i s o n , T e x .
Shreveport, La.
S p r i n g f i e l d —C h ic o p e e — o l y o k e , M a s s — Conn.
H
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, A riz .
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d —N a p a , C a l i f .
W i lm i n g t o n , D e l —N . J . —M d .
Yuma, A riz .

y e a r but sin ce dis co ntinu ed a r e

A l p e n a , Standish , and T a w a s City, M i c h .
A sh eville, N.C .
A ustin, T e x . *
F o r t Smith, A r k —O k la.
G r e a t F a l l s , Mont.

Copies

also available:

L e x in g t o n , K y . *
Pine Bluff, A rk .
Stockton, C a l i f .
Tacom a, Wash.
Wichita F a l l s , T ex.
See in side b a c k c o v e r .

The twelfth an nual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r ac co u ntan ts, a u d i t o r s , ch ief ac co u ntan ts, a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s ,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s . O r d e r as B L S B u lle t in 1742, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e ,
T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a copy , f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o ffi c e s show n on the b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the
Superintendent of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402.

☆u.s.

GOVERNMENT



PRINTING OFFICE: 1973— 746-190/77

A r e a W a g e S u rveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e studies includin g m o r e lim ite d studies c o n d u c t e d a t t h e
re q u e s t o f the E m p lo ym e n t Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r is a v a i l a b l e on req u est. B u lle tin s m ay be p u rch ased f r o m a n y o f t h e B L S
r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fro m the Supe rinten de nt of D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e rn m en t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ash ington , D .C ., 20402.
A rea

B u l le t i n n u m b e r
and p r i c e

A k r o n , O hio, D ec. 1972_____________________________________ 1775-36,
A lb a n y — ch en ectad y— r o y , N .Y . , M a r. 1972____________ 1725-49,
S
T
A lb u q u erq u e, N. M e x . , M a r. 1972 1_______________________ 1725-59,
A lle n to w n — eth leh em —E aston , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1972 1 __ 1725-87,
B
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1972 1--------------------------------------------- 1725-77,
1775-42,
A u s tin , T e x ., D ec. 1972 1__________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., Aug. 1972 1_______________________________ 1775-20,
B eaum ont— o r t A rth u r— ra n g e , T e x ., M a y 1972_______ 1725-69,
P
O
B in gh am ton , N .Y ., July 1972______________________________ 1775-5,
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1972_____________________________ 1725-58,
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N o v . 1972 1____________________________
1775-32,
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1972 1________________________________ 1775-13,
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1972 1__________________________________ 1775-18,
B u rlin g to n , V t . , D ec. 1972 1_______________________________ 1775-28,
Canton, O hio, M a y 1972 1___________________________________ 1725-75,
C h a rle s to n , W. V a . , M a r. 1972 1 _________________________
1725-63,
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1973_________________________________ 1775-39,
C hattanooga, Tenn.—G a ., Sept. 1972 1-------------------------- 1775-14,
C h ic a g o , 111., June 1972____________________________________
1725-92,
C in cin n ati, O hio— y.—In d ., F eb . 1972____________________ 1725-56,
K
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1972 1______________________________ 1775-15,
C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1972 1_______________________________ 1775-23,
D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1972 1------------ ------------------------------- 1775-25,
D a ven p ort— ock Islan d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111., F eb . 1972 1— 1725-55,
D ayton , O hio, D ec. 1972____________________________________ 1775-34,
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1972-------------------------------------------- 1775-35,
D es M o in e s , Iow a, M a y 1972 * ____________________________ 1725-86,
D e tr o it, M ic h ., F eb . 1972__________________________________ 1725-68,
D u rh am , N .C ., A p r . 1972 1------------------------------------------ 1725-64,
F o r t L a u d e rd a le — o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm
H
B ea ch , F la ., A p r . 1972 1__________________________________ 1725-74,
F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O ct. 1972 1------------------------------------- 1775-24,
G r e e n B a y, W is ., J u ly 1972 1-------------------------------------- 1775-1,
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1972________________________________ 1725-66,
H ouston, T e x . , A p r . 1972___________________________________ 1725-79,
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F eb . 1972 1 ______________________________ 1725-50,
In d ia n a p o lis, Ind., O ct. 1972 1----- ------------------------------- 1775-27,
J ack son , M is s ., Jan. 1973------------------------------------------- 1775-44,
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1972------------------------------------- 1775-31,
K an sas C ity , M o .- K a n s ., Sept. 1972______________________ 1775-17,
L a w r e n c e - H a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1972 1------------ 1725-81,
L e x in g to n , K y . , N ov. 1972 1----------------------------------------- 1775-22,
L it t le R ock — o rth L it t le R ock , A r k ., Ju ly 1972 1--------- 1775-2,
N
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B ea ch and A n ah eim —Santa A n a G a rd en G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1972 1_______________________ 1775-38,
1775-37,
L o u is v ille , K y .—In d ., N o v . 1972___________________________
Lu b b ock , T e x ., M a r. 1972 1----------------------------------------- 1725-57,
M a n c h e s te r, N .H ., Ju ly 1972 1____________________________ 1775-8,
M e m p h is , Tenn.—A r k . , N o v . 1972_________________________ 1775-30,
M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 1972 1___________________________________ 1775-29,
M id la n d and O d e ss a , T e x ., Jan. 1973____________________ 1775-41,

 Data on establishment


40
30
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents

45
40
75
30
45
30
50
75
65
50
35
35
40
55
70
35
75
55
75
35
40
40
35
40
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

35
50
55
30
35
35
55
40
40
50
35
50
55

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

75
40
35
55
40
55
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

B u lle tin n um ber
and p r i c e

A rea
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 7 2 1_______________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 7 2 1 ________________
M u s k e g o r r - M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , J u n e 1 9 7 2 1 ______
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 7 2 1 _______________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 7 2 1_____________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1 9 7 2 _____________ __ _______________
N e w Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1 9 7 2 1________________________________
N o r fo l k ^ V ir g i n i a B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h and
P
N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p t o n , V a . , J a n . 1 9 7 2 ________________
H
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 __________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 1 9 7 2 ___________________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1 9 7 2 1 _______ ____
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 19 71 1 _______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , J u n e 1 9 7 2 1_________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 7 2 __________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 7 2 _____________________________ __
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 7 2 1 _______________________
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K i n g s t o n — e w b u r g h , N . Y . ,
N

45
50
35
50
35
30
50

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1725-42,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1725-94,
1725-46,
1775-21,
1725-89,

30
45
40
40
50
55
40
40
35

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1725-80,
P r o v id e n c e — arw ick — a w tu c k et,
W
P

1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

35 c e n t s

1725-70,
1775-7,
1725-72,

30 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
35 c e n t s

1725-43,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1775-33,
1725-67,
1775-40,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1775-10,
1725-47,
1775-43,
1725-60,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1725-78,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1725-53,
1775-26,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1775-19,

30
45
35
35
50
30
40
50
30
35
45
30
40
35
35
45
45
35
55
45
70
35
40
35
35
35
40

R . I . —M a s s . ,

R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 7 2 ___________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 1 ____________________ ___________
R i v e r s i d e —S a n B e r n a r d i n o — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
O
R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n l y ) , J u l y 1 9 7 2 ___
R o c k f o r d , 111., J u n e 1 9 7 2 1 __________________________________
S t . L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1 9 7 2 __________________________ __
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , N o v . 1 9 7 2 1_____________________ ___
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 2 _______________________________
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 2 ________________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 197 1 1 ______________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 _________________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 2 1 --------------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 —___________________________ —_____
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 1 9 7 2 _________ —_____________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S . D a k . , D e c . 1 9 7 2 1___________________________
S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a y 1 9 7 2 1 ___ __________ _____ __________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 7 2 1 _________________ ______ ________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 __________________________________
T a m p a ^ S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 2 __________________
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , A p r . 1 9 7 2 1 __________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 7 2 1____ _____________________________
U t i c a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 _______________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 1 __________ __ ____
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 1 ____________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 7 2 __________________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 2 1_________________ _________ ____
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 2 1___________________ __________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 2 1 _______________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n — a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 7 2 __ _________________
W

cen ts
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POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

L A B -4 4 1

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

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