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The Jack son , M ississippi, Metropolitan Area
Jan u ary 1970

Bulletin

1660-39




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

MINN.

IOWA

nebr

KANS

K a n s a s C ity

OK LA

VIRGIN ISLANDS

•

U7

D a lla s \

& ---PUERTO RICO

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
337 Mayflower Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-B Federal Building
(Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code

* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




Area Wage Survey
The Jackson, Mississippi, Metropolitan Area




Jan u ary 1970

B ulletin 1660-39
April 1970

U.S.

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
B U REAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T I C S
G e o f f r e y H . M o o re, C o m m is s io n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y ie l d s d e t a ile d d a ta by s e l e c t e d in d u s tr y d iv is io n f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r th e
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( 1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d ( 2 ) th e s t r u c ­
tu r e and le v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u str y d iv i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.

At th e end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s for ea c h a r e a stu d ied .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d .
The fir st
b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to
on e b u l l e t i n .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo r m a t io n w hich h a s
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e U n i t e d S t a t e s .

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d -----------------------------------------------------------------------In d e x e s of s ta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e
h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______________________
O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s - m e n a n d w o m e n _________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n ______________
m
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ------------------------A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----------------

A p pendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____________________________________

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y an d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n tary w age p r o v isio n s bien n ially.
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , in J a n u a r y 1970.
The Standard M e tro ­
p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the
B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f H i n d s an d R a n k i n
C oun ties.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e ­
g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t l a n t a , G a . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c ­
tio n o f D o n a l d M . C r u s e , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r
O p eratio n s.




1
3

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s
(See in sid e b ack c o v e r.)

a r e a v a ila b le for other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e of p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
the J a c k s o n a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u i l d i n g c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n ; p r i n t i n g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; an d
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a tio n s.

iii

2
4
5
7
8
9
10
11




Area Wage Survey
The Jackson, Miss., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h ic h t h e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1

to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
in dividual e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

there

is

p o ssib ility

of

d isclo su re

of

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown for
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d ata exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d l a t e
s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w ­
a n c e s and in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed . W here w e e k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to t h e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s t u d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
t o n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M an ufactu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and other public u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s .
M ajor
in d u stry g ro u p s exclu ded fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e go vern m en t o p e r a ­
t i o n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of
th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted re fle c t co m p o site, areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d jo b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m t h e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s w ith in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r i b ­
ute to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly t h e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; an d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w it h in the
s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r, a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e given th e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w eigh t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O c c u p a t i o n s an d E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e f o l ­
low ing t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s
w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stud y a r e lis t e d
a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x .
T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g th e j o b
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in
o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r
(1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in t h e s c o p e of th e s t u d y a n d not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m
the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l
s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y of the e a r n i n g s d a t a .
E sta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s

T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
bulletin.
In fo rm a tio n for th e se tab u latio n s is co lle c te d b iennially.
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York StateT h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w ee k ly h o u r s ; paid
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
h o lid a y s; pa id v a c a t io n s ; and h ea lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s a r e
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U.S. De­
partment of Labor.
p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .




1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W it h in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d i e d i n J a c k s o n ,
b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D iv is io n , 2 J a n u a r y 197 0
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u stry d iv isio n

A l l d i v i s i o n s ______________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
N um be r

P ercen t

187

89

2 9 ,0 8 6

100

2 0 ,1 0 5

50

65
122

33
56

1 1 ,9 7 2
1 7 ,1 1 4

41
59

8 ,7 4 9
1 1 ,3 5 6

50
50
50
50
50

18
24
38
20
22

4 ,6 8 7
2 , 119
4 ,8 6 7
2 ,9 8 0
2 ,4 6 1

16
7
17
10
9

3 ,9 8 9
923
3 ,0 0 1
2 ,0 9 7
1, 346

___________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____
___ — — ----- -----------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------ ------------------------- ----T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5__ _____ _____________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6_________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 6 _________ ___________ _____________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6— —
S e r v i c e s 6 7 --------------------------------------------------------

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

M is s ., 1

n
8
18
9
10

1 T h e J a c k s o n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f H in d s an d
R a n k in C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d
c o m p o s i t io n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r
e m p lo y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a
c o m p il e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d it io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l im i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w i t h i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s i n a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t ( w it h i n t h e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g "
in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
S e p a r a te p re se n ta tio n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p l o y m e n t in t h e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r ie s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , an d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit
m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s an d c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ) ; an d e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

O v e r t w o - f i f t h s o f t h e w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y in t h e J a c k s o n a r e a w e r e
e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s an d
s p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ----------19
F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s _____________ 18
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s _____________________________ 13
S to n e , c la y , an d g la s s
p r o d u c t s ____________________________ 12
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t _______ 9
A p p a r e l an d o th e r te x tile
p r o d u c t s ____________________________ 6
L u m b e r a n d w o o d p r o d u c t s ______ 5

H o u s e h o l d f u r n i t u r e _______________ 17
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s _________________ 9
M e a t p r o d u c t s _______________________ 8
E l e c t r i c lig h t in g an d
w i r i n g e q u i p m e n t _________________ 6
H o u s e h o l d a p p l i a n c e s _____________ 6

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e of e a r n i n g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts.
Th e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e of the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
These e stim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

L im it a t io n s of D ata

M ethod of C om p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have declin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly, w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n sid e ra b ly b e c a u se h ig h er-pay in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se con stan t w eights r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym en ts w h erev er p o ssib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in t h e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Continued
Carpenters
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Cleiks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Clerks, order
Pipefitters
class B
Clerks, payroll
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, material handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

3

4
T a b l e 2.

I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W eek ly S a l a r i e s and S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u rly E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a tio n a l G r o u p s
in J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n u a r y 1970 a n d F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 9 , a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
A ll in d u s tr ie s

P e rio d

O ffice
clerical
(m en and
women)

In d u strial
nurses
( m e n an d
women)

M an u factu rin g

S k illed
m a in te n a n ce
trades
(m e n )

U n sk illed
plant
w orkers
(m e n )

O ffice
clerical
(m en and
women)

In dustrial
nurses
(m en and
women)

S k ille d
m a in te n a n ce
trades
(m e n )

U n sk illed
plant
w orkers
(m e n )

(m

(l)
(M

156. 0
149. 9

)
)
)
}

2. 1
8. 3
4. 5

4. 0
4. 2
8. 8

In d ex es ( F e b r u a r y 1961=100)
J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 ----------------------------------------F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 9 ____________________________

144. 6
138. 8

C
)
C
)

138. 1
133. 6

162. 9
156. 0

C
)
C
)

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e
February
February
February
February
February
February
February
February
February
February

1969
1968
1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
I960

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 -----------F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 9 _______
F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 8 _______
F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 ---------F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 6 _______
F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 5 _______
F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 4 _______
F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 3 _______
F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 2 ---------F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 1 ----------

4. 2
5. 5
3. 7
5. 4
5 .4
3. 1
3. 7
3. 4
3. 3
1. 8

D a t a do n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .




C
)
(!)
()
C
)
(
(
(
(

)
)
)
}

( )

3.
9.
3.
3.
3.
1.
.
3.
4.
5.

3
8
6
7
1
5
5
6
0
0

4. 5
4. 4
8. 6
8. 7
5 .9
2. 1
4. 9
2. 9
8. 3
4. 0

()
()
(>
()
()
( )
( )
>

(
(
(
(

( >
( )

( )
()
()

(!}
( )

( )

()

( )

( )

(}

C
)

(! }
(l)

i1
)

5

A. Occupational Earnin gs
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , J a c k s o n , M i s s , , J a n u a r y 1970)
Weekly earnings'
(standard)
Se x. oc cu pa ti on ,

a n d i n d u s t r y division

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours'
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f—
t

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

*

$

60

%

$

$

$

$

*

S

$

t

t
140

1 45

15 0

155

1 -----1 60

1 40

1 45

1 50

1 55

1 60

ove r

3

-

-

7
7

2
2

2
2

-

1

-

1
-

$

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1 05

110

1 15

1 20

125

130

1 35

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
1

2
2

*

$

an d
under
65

an d

MEN
C L E R K S , A CCO U NT IN G,
N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G

CLASS A -------------------

21
17

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 36.50
1 36.00

$
141.50
142.00

$
$
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

CLERKS,

A CCO U N T IN G ,

CLASS

CLERKS,

OR DE R

B -

20

4 0 .0

1 04.00

101.00

8 8 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

8

1

1

2

1

1

1

-

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-------------------------------

21

4 0 .0

100.00

84.50

8 2 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

*

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

4

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

O F F I C E B O V S ----------------------------------N ON M AN U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

25
21

3 9.5
3 9.0

77.50
77.00

7 6.00
76.00

6 9 .5 0 7 0 .5 0 -

2

5
5

5
5

5
5

4
4

_

2
2

2

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S A -----------------------------------------

15

4 0 .0

134.00

135.00

2

4

1

1

1

1

3

2

B O O K K E EP IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S A -------------------------------------------

24

4 0 .0

8 9.50

88.00

8 4 .0 0 -

99 .0 0

-

BO O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------N ON M AN U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

39
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 3.00
8 4.00

7 8 .0 0
78.50

7 4 .0 0 7 4 .0 0 -

85.00
86.00

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

C L E R K S , ACCO U N T IN G, C L A S S A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F AC TU R I NG --------------------

87
21
66

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.0

1 0 5.00
110.50
103.00

99.50
112.00
9 8 .0 0

9 3 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

C L E R K S , ACCO U N T IN G, C L A S S B —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F AC TU R I NG --------------------

220
19
201

3 9.0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

88.00
8 5.50
88.50

8 4 .0 0
8 3.00
84.50

7 4 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
7 9 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0

-

B -----------------------------------

36
36

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

72.50
72.50

72.00
72.00

6 6 .0 0 6 6 .0 0 -

75.5 0
75 .5 0

, f i l e , c l a s s c ---------------N O N M A N U F AC TU R I NG --------------------

61
61

3 9.0
3 9.0

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .00

71.00
71.00

6 7 .5 0 6 7 .5 0 -

7 4.00
7 4 .00

83.00
8 2 .0 0

-

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 4 8 .5 0

WOMEN

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS
N O N M A N U F AC TU R I NG
c le r k s

_

-

-

-

8

1
1

12
9

12
8

7

5
5

3

-

2

1

i
i

2
-

1
1

1
1

3

_

*

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

6
2
4

18
2
16

19
2
17

4
2
2

1
1

12
8
4

9
i
8

2
2

6
1
5

1
1

3
3
“

36

22
7
15

18
i
17

6
6

7
5
2

45

5

7

-

3

1

1

36

35
5
30

11

5

18
i
17

45

5

7

3

1

1

8
8

5
5

14
14

6
6

1
1

1
1

25
25

25
25

4
4

-

~

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

"

5
5

5

-

11

2
'

1

2

1

-

*

“
-

---------------------------

19

3 9 .5

90.5 0

86.50

8 1 .5 0 -1 0 6 .5 0

-

-

2

i

6

3

-

i

1

3

i

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ----------------------N ON M AN U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

44
33

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

95 .0 0
92 .5 0

95.50
84.00

7 9 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

-

_

5
5

2
*

2
1

4
3

7
3

4
4

2

3
2

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

*

1
1

-

-

ii
ii

_

-

2
2

K E YP U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A
N ON M AN U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

90
82

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

87.00
86 .5 0

8 6 . 50
8 6 .00

7 8 .5 0 7 7 .5 0 -

96.5 0
95.5 0

-

2
2

16
16

7
6

17
16

11
10

10
10

20
16

1
1

3
3

3
2

K E YP U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B
N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

134
123

3 9.0
3 9.0

85.00
85.50

84.00
8 4 .00

7 5 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 -

9 4 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

3
3

9
8

22
21

12
9

28
25

13
12

16
14

13
13

5
5

7
7

4
4

1
1

1
1

-

_

-

-

“

“

-

“

S E C R E T A R I E S 3-------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F AC TU R I NG --------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4----------

314
23
291
45

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9.0

1 06.50
1 09.00
1 06.50
1 34.50

100.00
1 15.00
99 .5 0
139.00

9 1 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 8 .0 0

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

10
-

6
6

17
3
14
-

28
4
24
-

71
71
2

25
1
24
-

23
23
2

20
1
19
-

17
3
14

16
3
13
4

19
4
15
8

9
2
7
2

13
1
12
2

8
1
7
4

8
8
4

13
13
11

3
3
l

5
5
4

3
~
3
1

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A -------N ON M AN U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

21
19

4 0 .0
3 9.5

127.00
1 27.00

1 31.00
1 32.00

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

_
-

2
2

_

2
2

2
2

1
1

~

2
-

5
5

1
1

-

-

-

3
3

-

“

i
i

_

~

2
2

CLERKS,

O RDE R

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




-

-

-

-

“

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n u a r y 1 970)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , a n d i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f—

*

$
60

Mean2

Median 2

an d
under
65

WOMEN SECRETA RIES3 -

$
65

*
70

$
75

*
80

$
85

$
90

$
95

”
70

$
100

_
75

B0

85

90

95

100

$

$

$

115

110

_

105

$

105

120

_

U P

$

$

$

$

125

130

135

140

_
115

120

125

130

_

_
135

140

145

$

$

$

145

150

155

_
150

_

_
155

160

an d
160

over

CO N TINU ED

CONTINUED

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39.0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

3 9 .5
39.5

$
121 .5 0
122 .5 0
1 4 3 .5 0

$
119 .0 0

121.00
1 4 7 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 11 2 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 9 4 .5 0 1 4 1 .0 0 -

147 .0 0
147 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0

113 .0 0

116 .0 0

9 3 .0 0 9 7 .5 0 -

126 .0 0
128 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

173
165

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 7.50
9 6 .5 0

9 4.00
9 3.50

8 9 .5 0 8 9 .0 0 -

105 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

21

12

20

11

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

173
34
139

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 9 .0 0

87 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
9 5.00

7 9 .5 0 8 2 .0 0 7 8 .5 0 8 3 .0 0 -

9 7.00
9 4.00
9 9.00
108 .0 0

30
9

16

21

14

119 .5 0
112 .5 0
133 .5 0

8 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
9 6.00

2
12

1
1
1

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

100.00

9 1.00

9 6.50
1 1 8 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 8 2 .5 0 1 0 5 .0 0 -

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

4 1 .0
4 1 .5

7 6.00
7 5 .5 0

7 2 .5 0
7 1.00

6 4 .5 0 6 4 .0 0 -

83 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

-

-

SW ITCHB OA RD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 4 .0 0

7 6 .0 0 80 .5 0 7 4 .0 0 -

9 2.00
9 8.00
9 0.50

4

4

8 2.50

8 3 .0 0
8 7.50
7 9.50

5
5

88 .0 0

88.00

TR ANSCRIBIN G-M ACH IN E OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ----------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

32
32

38 .0
3 8 .0

8 3.00
8 3 .0 0

7 9.00
7 9 .0 0

7 4 .5 0 7 4 .5 0 -

90
65
25

3 9 .0
38 .5
39 .0

8 5.00
8 2.50
8 8 .5 0

8 1 .0 0
7 8.50
8 5 .0 0

7 6 .0 0 7 4 .5 0 7 4 .5 0 -

9 2 .0 0
89 .0 0
102 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

123
123

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 3 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

7 2 .0 0
7 2.00

6 7 .5 0 6 7 .5 0 -

7 8.00
7 8.00

1

9 4.00
9 4.00

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

3

24

22

43
43

25
25

4
2
1

2

2

-

-

3
3
1

-

2

-

-

-

-

—

-

—
—

5

3
3

—
—

—
-

5

3
2

—

1

1
1

25
25

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g th e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d iv i d i n g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
th a n the r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n th e r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n th e
h ig h e r r a t e .
3 M a y i n c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r th a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .




7
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n u a r y 1970)
W eekly earnings1
( standard)
N um ber

O c c u p a t i o n an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
woikers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e d y e a r n i n g s of—
$

w eekly
hours1
( standard)

$
75

Me a n 2

M ed ia n 2

139*00

25

4 0 .0

1 '6
146 .5 0

96.0 0

96.0 0

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e f i n it i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b l e A - l .




$
$
1 2 0 .0 0 1 1 4 .0 0 -

*
85

90

85

90

95

s

s

$

$

$

$

95

100

1 05

110

115

1 20

100

105

110

115

120

125

s

$
125

13 0

130

13 5

*

$

$

t

$

%

*

$

$

13 5

140

145

150

15 5

1 60

16 5

1 70

1 75

14 0

145

15 0

155

16 0

165

17 0

17 5

180

and
under

M id d le range 2

80

25

$
80

1

1 70.50
160.00

1

8 8 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r str a ig h t- tim e

sa la rie s

( e x c lu s iv e

o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e

at

r e g u la r an d /o r

p re m iu m

r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , Ja c k s o n , M i s s . , Ja n u a r y 1970)
Average
N um ber
of

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
W eekly

Average

Occupation and industry division

39.0
39.0

85.00
85.50

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

39
30

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MA NUFACTURING --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2 ---------

108
25
83
17

39.5 1 1 1 . 0 0
39.5 115.00
39.5 1 1 0 . 0 0
39.0 126.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MA NUFACTURING --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

240
27
213

39.0
39.5
39.0

89.50
86.00
90.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

36
36

39.0
39.0

72.50
72.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

61
61

39.0
39.0

71.00
71.00

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ------------

40
15
25

40.0
95.50
39.5 108.00
40.0
88.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------MA NU FACTURING --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

49
15
34

39.5
40.0
39.5

96.00
99.50
94.50

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

90
82

40.0
40.0

87.00
86.50

40.0
40.0

83.00
84.00

O

89.50

28
25

41.0
41.5

$
76.00
75.50

39.0
38.5

77.50
77.00

SW ITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

314
23
291
45

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

106.50
109.00
106.50
134.50

49
16
33

39.5
40.0
39.5

84.00
88.00
82.50

TA BU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------

18

131.50

40.0 127.00
39.5 127.00

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

32
32

38.0
38.0

83.00
83.00

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - CO NTINUED

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

134

123

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

A1

S E C R E T A R I E S 3----------MA NU FACTURING ----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

21

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 2

61
58
21

39.5 121.50
39.5 122.50
39.0 143.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------------------

90
65
25

39.0
38.5
39.0

85.00
82.50
88.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

59
49

39.5 110.00
39.5 113.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------

126
126

39.0
39.0

75.50
75.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

173
165

39.5
39.5

97.50
96.50

175
34
141
51

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

89.00
88.00
89.50
97.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

31
25

39.5 100.00
39.5
96.50
39.5 118.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------

28

o
o

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

O

24

Average
N um ber
of

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------

97.00

DRAFTS ME N- TR AC ER S --------------------

29

38.5

93.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MA NU FACTURING -----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2 STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG PUBLIC UTILITIES

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r th a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




Num ber
of

37

Occupation and industry division

o
o

Occupation and industry division

19

64
55
15
str a ig h t- tim e s a l a r i e s

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r tim e

at re g u la r

a n d /o r p re m iu m r a t e s ) ,

40.0 140.00
40.0 139.00

an d th e e a r n i n g s

9

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n u a r y 1 970)
H ou rly earnings

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u str y d iv isio n

N um ber
of
woikers

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f—
1 ------- *
2 .0 0 2 .1 0

Mean

2

M edian

2

M id d le range 2

M ACH INISTS,

MAINTENANCE

MAINT ENANCE

-----------------

--------------------

AO

30

$
3 .4 1
3 * JO

$
3 .4 5
J * JV

$
3 .0 3 -

3 .1 8

3 .09
J . J3

3 .0 1 J.U J

3 .55
J.J

-

C'

s

$
2 .5 0

2 .6 0

S
2 .70

»
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

S
3 .00

*
3 .1 0

S
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

S
3 .40

$
3 . 50

3.60

S
3 .70

*
3 . 80

*
3 .9 0

$
A . 00

$
4 .1 0

4 .2 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . 40

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2.80

2 .9 0

3 .00

3 .10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .50

3 . 60

3.7 0

3 .80

3 . 90

4 .0 0

4 . 10 4 . 2 0

over

5

7

3

2

-

-

2
2

5
~
5
“

2

-

-

3

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

A

6

10
ro

0
9

-

1

1

2

i

-

-

-

-

2
2

“

39
“
39
39

“

“

-

-

-

J
-

3

-

9
J

11 1
26
85
78

3 .2 5
2 .7 3
3 .41
3 .41

3 .02
2 .68
3.7 8
3 .95

2 .6 4 2 .3 8 2 .6 6 2 .6 6 -

4 .0 3
3 .0 6
4 .0 5
4 .0 5

-

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

109
97

3 .1 4
3 .0 9

3.0 0
2.9 8

2 .7 8 2 .7 5 -

3.6 1
3 .61

2
2

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s,
F o r d e f i n it i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o te 2, t a b l e A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .

i

$
2 .4 0

$
3 .6 8

M E C H A N I C S , AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------




%

2 .2 0

*
2 . 30

an d
un der
2 .1 0

E LE CTRICIA N S,

%

-

~
-

8
8

-

1

-

h o lid a y s ,

_

an d la te

s h ifts .

2
1
1
1

9
2
7
6

25
3
22
21

7
1
6
6

3
2
1
1

1
1
"

5
4
1
1

2
2
“

-

1
1

A
A

14
14

7
7

2
2

25
23

3
1

6
6

-

~

*
“

1
1
1

~

3
3

3
2

3
2

5
5

26
25

A

1
0

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv isio n , J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n u a r y 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e hou r l y e a r n i n g s o f —

Hourly earnings 2

i

Mean3

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

237
5A

S
1 .80

1 .90

S
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

t
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

1 .70

O c c u p a tio n 1 an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

1
1 .70

1 .8 0

1 .90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . A0 2 . 5 0

1A8
1A

61
22

A
A

10
2

~

$
1 .60

Number
Median 3

Middle range 3

$
1.72
1.9A

$
1 .68
1 .76

$
$
1.6A - 1 .7 5
1 .7 0 - 1 .96

s

$
2 .60

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 . 10

s

2 .8 0

3 .20

$
3 .3 0

2 .6 0

2 .70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3.20

3 .3 0

3 . A0 3 . 5 0

~

-

-

-

“

8
8

1

”

_

_

3

_

_

3

“

4
2
2

1
1

$
$
2 . A0 2 . 5 0

S
i
3 . A0 3 . 5 0

s
3 .6 0

*
3 .8 0

3 .60

3 .80

A. 00

-

-

_

_

s

and
1 .6 0 under

"

-

1

~

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

_

_

_

WATCHMt N:

MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

A5

1 .77

1.7A

1 .6 8 -

1.79

-

IA

22

4

2

-

-

-

3

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS --MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TL RI NG -----------------

318
1AA
17A

1 .88
1.98
1 .79

1 .77
1.87
1.69

1 .6 8 1 .7 6 1.6A -

2 .0 6
2 .2 3
1.8A

10
10

92
7
85

77
A7
30

A1
26
15

9
8
1

18
10
8

6
5
1

23
21
2

10
7
3

9
9
“

6
6

1A
4
10

_

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN I ------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

59
52

1.6A
1.6A

1.67
1.67

1 .6 3 1 .6 3 -

1.72
1 .73

3
3

A0
33

12
12

2
2

2
2

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

A55
35A
1 01

2 .0 5
2 .0 0
2 .21

1.85
1.8A
2 .21

1 .7 5 1 .7 5 1 .7 2 -

2.A 2
2 .1 7
2 .81

_

A8
28
20

1A3
120
23

73
72
1

38
35
3

6
4
2

12
11
1

11
3
8

2
2
“

39
32
7

22
19
3

16
16

-

11
4
7

1A
2
12

13
2
11

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

86
27

1 .94
1 .93

2 .01
1.89

1 .7 3 1.7 A -

2 .1 1
2 .1 7

20
7

3
3

4
A

23
1

3
3

3
2

9
2

_

-

15
A

6
i

PACKERS, SHIPPING --------------------

1A2

2.A 1

2 .3 9

2 .3 3 -

2.6A

-

4

3

4

1

-

*

70

-

-

60

RECE IV IN G CLERKS --------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

26
16

2 .2 5
2 .2 0

2 .1 6
2 .1 5

2 .0 5 2 .0 1 -

2 .3 3
2.A 9

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

6
3

6
3

4
i

-

2
2

2
2

*

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

SH IPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -----

17

2 .8 8

2 .68

2.6A -

3.3A

1

10

-

1

-

TR U C K D R I V E R S 4 -----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5---------------

500
IA2
358
15 5

2 .5 5
2 .0 6
2 .7 5
3 .8 7

2 .07
2 .05
2 .58
3 .95

1 .7 A 2 .0 0 1 .6 8 3 .9 2 -

3 .9 1
2 .1 0
3 .9 A
3 .97

_
-

22
22

6
6
-

9
3
6

3
3

3

2

1

3

2

TR UCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

85
76

1.68
1 .6 A

1.69
1.67

1 .6 2 1 .6 2 -

1.78
1 .77

_

3

_

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1 81
149

3 .10
3 .2 9

3 .90
3 .92

1 .9 0 2 .1 5 -

3 .95
3 .96

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUFAC T U R I N G -----------------

1A7
63
BA

2 .81
2.0 1
3 . A0

2.A 5
2 .0 A
3 .91

2 .0 2 2 .0 0 3 .2 3 -

3 .93
2 .0 8
3 .9 6

TRUtKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

1A2
1 31

2 .1 0
2 .0 7

1.90
1 .89

1 .8 1 1 .8 1 -

2.A 3
2 .3 6

1
2
3
4
5
6

_

"

1A
1A

95
95

A2
9
33
2

32
21
11

~

15
2
13
1

77
76
1

8
8

1A
1A

33
33

21
15

8
8

2
2

1
1

2
2

18
18

1A
1A

1A
2

2
2

“

7
3
4

10
9

i

11
2
9

A3
A3

28
27

A2
42

2
2

13
13

_
_

_

-

-

-

2

D a t a l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d l a t e s h i f t s .
F o r d e f i n it i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b l e A - l .
I n c l u d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e f i n e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e a n d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 1 . 3 0 to $ 1 . 4 0 .




_

3
3

_
_

_
17

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

1

2

1

1

1

2
1

i
i

_

_

_

.

3

3
3

1
1

6

_

_

_

_

6

_

_

-

-

-

*
_

8
8

6
6

8

-

1

20
15

2
2

2
2

6

1
1

_

1
1
1
1

l
-

_

*

-

“

~

_
10
10

-

~

1

2
2

2

2
2
-

*

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

~

1
-

-

1

-

1A

1

10

1A 1

1A

1
1

10
9

1A 1
1A 1
_

_

_

.

_

“

“

”

“

.

_

1
1

10
10

i

_

_

1A

i

1A

_

_

93
93

A8
-

_

-

_

A8

_

Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g i n t o a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h i s p e r m i t s th e g r o u p i n g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , t h e B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p l y i n g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u ' s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g
s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d ,
p a r t- tim e , te m p o r a r y , an d p ro b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , an d in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th an a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l li n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll p w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b i ll in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l li n g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h i n e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s an d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n th e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a l ly a c c u m u la t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l l y i n v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l io t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s t h e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n tr y o f f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n if o r m
an d s ta n d a r d ty p e s o f s a l e s an d c r e d it s l i p s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

O PERATO R

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l io t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t i o n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w it h o r w i t h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n sa c tio n s.
C la ss A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w it h t h e s t r u c t u r e o f t h e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , an d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y han d.
C la s s B . K e e p s a re c o rd of one o r m o re p h a se s o r se c tio n s of a se t of r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b i l li n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g to o n e p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o lv e s p o s tin g an d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w it h p r o p e r a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s j u d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e i n m a k i n g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d j u s t i n g , a n d
c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; an d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n tin g c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s io n , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n tin g o p e r a t i o n s s u c h
a s p o s t in g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s ,
e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; an d p o stin g s u b s i d ia r y l e d g e r s c o n tr o lle d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s t in g s im p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t i n g a n d b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s f o u n d in o f f i c e s in w h i c h t h e m o r e r o u t i n e
a c c o u n tin g w o r k i s s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




11

F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n t a i n i n g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c la s s i f i e s an d in d e x e s file m a t e r ia l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h i s m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n
w it h th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r le v e l f ile c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , an d f i l e s u n c l a s s if i e d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M ay p e rfo rm
re la te d
c le r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d
to m a in t a in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; an d m a y f il l ou t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c l e r i c a l an d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ir e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a n y c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t i n g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l is t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it i e s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d it r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f il l e d , k e e p f ile o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w it h o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a o n th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , tim e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s fo r in s u r a n c e , an d to ta l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e ou t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g u p a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M ay u se a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

CO M PTO M ETER

O PERATOR

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
j o b i s n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w it h t h a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r t y p e o f c l e r k , w h i c h m a y i n v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t , in w h i c h , u s e o f t h i s m a c h i n e i s i n c i d e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .

KEYPUNCH

O PERATOR

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta fr o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to k e y p u n ch ta b u la tin g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p li c a t io n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s t o b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s i n f o r m a t i o n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t i o n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e i n f o r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d .
M ay tr a in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

12
KEYPUNCH

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

O P E R A T O R ----C o n t i n u e d

C la ss B .
U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v i s io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t io n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to p u n ch e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a l p h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r if y c a r d s .
W o r k in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h i c h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e l it t l e o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t in g
o f d a t a to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t i o n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

O F F IC E

BOY

O R G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s ,

d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
o p e n in g a n d d is t r ib u t in g m a i l, a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

SECRETARY
A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to o n e in d iv id u a l. M a in t a in s a c lo s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v i s io n an d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l i n q u ir ie s
t o t h e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ; ( c ) m a i n t a i n s
t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d ) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e ) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d ( f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e an d d iffic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f fi c e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , an d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu s io n s
N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s t h a t a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e fi n it i o n a r e a s f o l l o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s : (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d ) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l ly m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin it io n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d if f ic u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l, a d m i n ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w it h r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h i s r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s i d e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e .g ., a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d it a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d ir e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f i n it i o n s .
C la ss

A

a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a
o v e r 100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

of a

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e ly b e lo w
se g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s,
C la ss

a ll,

c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

in

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n
fe w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

o f th e b o a r d

o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 1 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a te - w id e fu n c tio n a l a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s t r ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; o r




e tc . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s ib il it y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e fin it io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e o f t e n , i n t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h i s l e v e l i n c l u d e s
a w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; i n o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; <jr
b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

e tc . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d
a b o u t 2 5 o r 3 0 p e r s o n s ) ; jrn

o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
tiv e o f fic e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E ;
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

STEN O G RA PH ER,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t a k e d ic t a t i o n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t i o n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e w o rk .
(S e e tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)

STEN O G RA PH ER,

S E N IO R
•

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia l iz e d v o c a b u la r y
s u c h a s i n l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; an d t r a n s c r ib e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p an d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; an d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s im p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t io n s ; r e a d in g an d r o u tin g in c o m in g m a i l; an d
a n s w e r in g ro u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o r k .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le - p o s it io n t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f fic e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t i n e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d
fo r sw itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r , c la s s B , o r a s a fu ll- tim e
a s s ig n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b lis h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
fu n c tio n s th a t a r e n ot r e a d ily u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t ly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le - p o s it io n t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f fic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L im i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b l e f o r te le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c ific n a m e s a r e
fu r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a ll s a r e r e f e r r e d
to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

13
S W IT C H B O A R D

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

In a d d i t i o n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n is t an d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h i s ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile a t
s w itc h b o a rd .

O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

C la ss C .
O p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s im p le
w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s an d so m e filin g w o rk .
T h e w o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o r tio n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g r u n s o r r e p e t i t iv e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

GENERAL

O PERATO R

C la ss A .
O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h i n e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r ,
c a lc u la to r , in te r p r e te r , c o lla to r , an d o th e rs.
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , a n d p e r f o r m s d if f ic u l t
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g an d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d i n t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f l o n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s an d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k an d p r o d u c t io n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u l t t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t io n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s . T h e w o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s , fo r e x a m p le , ta b u la tio n s
in v o lv in g
a r e p e titiv e
a c c o u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e b u t s m a l l t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r an d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o i n c l u d e t h e t r a i n i n g o f n e w e m p l o y e e s in t h e b a s i c
o p e r a tio n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r itte n c o p y an d
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t i o n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f ic r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s im i l a r m a c h in e is c la s s i f ie d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r ,

ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
do s im p le c le r i c a l w o rk .
v o c a b u la ry su ch a s le g a l
t a k e s d ic t a t i o n in s h o r t ­
g e n e r a l.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r to m a k e o u t b i l l s a f t e r c a lc u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o c e s s e s .
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g l it t l e s p e c i a l t r a in in g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d is t r i b u t in g in c o m in g m a i l .
C la ss A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l in f i n a l f o r m w h e n i t
i n v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s ib il it y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y ll a b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
an d p la n n in g la y o u t an d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity an d
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a il s to s u it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c le a r d r a f t s ;
r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l ic ie s , e t c .; an d s e t t in g u p s im p le s t a n d a r d ta b u la t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a l r e a d y se tu p an d s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

D R A FT SM A N
C la ss A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v i n g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s ig n if ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e
e f fe c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a il s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , an d p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts an d p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a ft s m e n .

C la ss B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , an d p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a ll
s e c t io n s , flo o r p la n s , an d r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t itie s o f m a t e r ia l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l i n s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , an d a d v ic e
fro m
su p e rv iso r.
C o m p le te d w o r k is c h e c k e d fo r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C la ss C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
( d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f

c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e t a ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith i n i t ia l a s s i g n m e n t s .
In s tr u c tio n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s ig n m e n t s r e c u r .
W ork m a y be s p o t- c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
( D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a c i n g l im i t e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s an d a l a r g e s c a l e n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
an d/ or
P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

o r r e p e titiv e

IN D U S T R IA L

d r a w in g s

of e a s ily

v is u a liz e d

ite m s.

W ork

is

c lo s e ly

su p e rv ise d

(R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n to i ll o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i ll o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
fa c to r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i ll o r i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s * i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s an d h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts a n d e m p lo y e e s ; an d p la n n in g an d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a t io n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a l u a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t iv i t ie s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lth , w e l f a r e , an d s a f e t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPEN TER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a i n t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w in g .:
P la n ­
n in g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s i n g a
v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , an d s ta n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s ta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; an d s e le c t in g m a t e r ia l s n e c e s ­
s a r y fo r th e w o rk .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

14
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC ,

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e i n s t a lla t io n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t io n , o r u t i li z a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g an y o f a v a r ie t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t i n g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t ; w o r k i n g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s i n g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; an d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls an d m e a s u r in g an d
te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .
E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s an d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s:
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n su m p tio n .
M ay a lso su ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e ra tio n s.
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e t h a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n i s h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w i t h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h i n e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o ls ; an d p e r f o r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s t h e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
f i n e d t o s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , a n d h o l d i n g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o th e r s he is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll- tim e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO OLRO OM

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e
l a t h e s , o r m illin g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f
m a c h in e -sh o p t o o ls , g a g e s , ji g s , f ix t u r e s , o r d ie s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P la n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t in g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o li n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n to
a c h ie v e r e q u is i t e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en to o ls n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d l u b r i c a t in g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s i f ic a t io n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
In te rp r e tin g
w r itte n in s t r u c t io n s an d s p e c if ic a t i o n s ; p la n n in g an d la y in g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h in is t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p an d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o ls ; sh a p in g o f m e ta l p a r t s to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d f it t in g an d a s s e m b li n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l , t h e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

(M A IN T E N A N C E )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s, b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , an d t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s
t h a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g an d in s t a l l in g




A U T O M O T IV E

(M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e l s ,
a d ju s t in g b r a k e s a n d l ig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e a u t o m o t i v e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h i n e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t m a i n l y in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c if ic a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; an d m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f a m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e ­
q u ir e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g u p o r a d ju s t in g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d is m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g :
P la n n in g an d la y in g ou t o f th e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t in g b l u e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g in g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , an d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g an d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

g rease,

th e

m o v in g

p a rts

o r w e a r in g

su rfa c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts an d r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , an d f ix t u r e s of an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in ­
v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u li a r i t i e s an d ty p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t
a p p li c a t io n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite l e a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , t h e
w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e a n d p i p e f i t t i n g s in a n
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
L a y in g out o f w o rk an d m e a s u r in g to lo ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t i n g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
fin ish e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c if ic a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s t h e p l u m b i n g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o r k i n v o l v e s : K n o w l e d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g i n s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n t s a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l l in g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n i n g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w i t h a p l u n g e r o r p l u m b e r ' s s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
SH E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r t h e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u i p m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (su c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s, d u c ts,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g
out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e t- m e ta l m a in te n a n c e w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , ox o th e r s p e c if ic a t io n s ;
s e ttin g u p an d o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

15
SH E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A I N T E N A N C E ----C o n t i n u e d

TO O L AND

h a n d t o o ls in c u t t in g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g , f it t i n g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l l in g s h e e t m e ta l a r t ic le s a s r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
TO O L AND
(D ie

D IE

M AKER

m a k e r; jig

m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ;

fix tu r e

m ak er;

gage

m aker)

C o n s tr u c ts an d r e p a ir s m a c h in e - sh o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r f o r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m in g w o r k .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e ls , b l u e p r in t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c if ic a t i o n s ;

D IE

M A K E R ----C o n t i n u e d

u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s ta n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s an d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g o f
m a c h in e t o o ls a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t i o n
a s w e ll a s o f fin is h e d t o o ls a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l it i e s ; w o r k in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; an d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , an d p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e t o o l a n d d i e m a k e r ’ s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o lr o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

sh o p s

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w ag e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s if ic a t io n .

to o l an d

d ie

m akers

in

t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND-MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND

S H IP P IN G

W ATCHM AN

G u ard .
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o lic e d u t ie s , e it h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e sta tio n e d a t g a te
an d c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W atch m an .
M a k es ro u n d s
th e ft, an d ill e g a l e n try .
JA N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

(S w e e p e r;

OR

of p re m ise s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

p ro p e rty

a g a in st

fir e ,

CLEAN ER

A N D R E C E IV IN G

c h arw o m an ; ja n itr e s s )
For

C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , an d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f ix t u r e s
o r t r i m m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s an d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; an d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LA BO RER,

M A T E R IA L

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r ro w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

stu d y

p u rp o se s,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g an d r e c e iv in g

w o rk ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

c le r k

D r i v e s a t r u c k w i t h in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s s u c h a s :
M a n u fa c tu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le an d r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s an d
c u sto m e r s* h o u se s o r p la c e s of b u sin e ss.
M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

as

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d b y s iz e an d ty p e
fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

o f e q u ip m e n t,

F IL L E R

(O r d e r

p ic k e r;

sto ck

s e le c to r ; w a re h o u se

sto ck m a n )

F i l l s s h i p p i n g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n
to f i l l i n g o r d e r s a n d i n d i c a t i n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o i n g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s it io n a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , an d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T
T
T
T
T

r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
r u c k d r i v e r , l i g h t ( u n d e r 1 V2 t o n s )
r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (lV 2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

w age

T R U C K D R IV E R

H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r an d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r an d s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; s to c k m a n o r s to c k h e lp e r ; w a r e ­
h o u se m a n o r w a r e h o u se h e lp e r)

ORDER

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r ta tio n , an d r a t e ; an d p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g u p b i l l s o f l a d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f il e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g t h e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s :
V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g t h e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n ts a g a i n s t b i l ls o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s an d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; an d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h i p m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m in s h i p p i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n i t s t o b e p a c k e d , th e t y p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t .
W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f i t e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g an d s e a l in g c o n t a in e r ; an d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n ta in e r . P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m a k e w o o den b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d
g a s o lin e - o r e le c tr ic - p o w e r e d
t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t , o r o th e r

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f tr u c k , a s fo llo w s:
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

( fo r k lift)
(o th e r th a n fo r k lift)




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torneys,
c h e m ists, e n g in e e rs, engineering tech n ician s, d ra ftsm e n ,
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O r d e r a s B L S B u lle t in 1654, N a t io n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r ic a l P a y , Jun e 1969. S ev en ty -fiv e
cen ts a copy.

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r e q u e s t of the W age and H o u r and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n te n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a sh in g to n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
A rea
A k ro n , Ohio, J u l y 1969 1------------------- -----------------------A lb a n y - S c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1969 1------------A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M ex. , A p r . 1969----------------------------Allentow n— e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1969----B
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1969 --------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d ., Aug. 1969______________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A rth ur— r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1____
P
O
B i n g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u l y 1969 ------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1969 1---------------------------------B o i s e C ity , Idaho, Nov. 1969------------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g. 1969______________________________
B u f f a l o , N .Y ., Oct. 1969_________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t., M a r . 1969 1 ____________________________
C an ton , Ohio, M a y 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1969 ---------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1969_____________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t. 1969--------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 _______________________________
C i n c in n a ti, Ohio— y .— n d . , M a r . 1969 1 ---------------------K
I
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1969-------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h io, O ct. 1969--------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , Oct. 1969_________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , I o w a ^ I l l . ,
R
M
O ct. 1969 1_______________________________________________
D ayton, O hio, D e c . 1969_________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r . 1969___________________________
D e t r o it , M i c h ., J a n . 1969 1 _____________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , Oct. 1969____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1969-------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1____________________________
H o u ston , T e x . , M a y 1969 1______________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., Oct. 1969------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1970______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1969___________________________
K a n s a s City , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t. 1969 -------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1969 ------------H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1969 --------N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1969 1 ___________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—
Ind., Nov. 1969 1_______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1969____________________________
M e m p h i s , Ten n .— r k . , Nov. 1969 1---------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1969__________________________________
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1969__________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
M i n n e a p o l is —
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1969—______________

Bu lletin n um ber
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1660-1 1,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35c e n t s
35c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
35c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1660-20,
1660-37,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1660 —
18,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

35c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
45 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-78,
1660-28,
1625-53,
1660-3,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1625-49,
1625-66,
1625-47,

50c e n ts
40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s

D a t a o n e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v isio n s a r e a ls o p r e s e n te d .




A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., M a y 1969 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , J a n . 1969______________
New H a v e n , Con n ., J a n . 1969 ___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1969 1 _________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r. 1969_____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s—
P
H a m p to n , V a ., J u n e 1968______________________________
O k l a h o m a C ity , O k l a ., J u l y 1969 1______________________
O m ah a, N ebr.—
Iowa, S e p t. 1969--------------------------------P a t e r s o r r - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1969____________
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1968______________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1969______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1969______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1969 1___________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h ., M a y 1969______________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a rw ic k , R .I.— a s s . ,
P
W
M
M a y 1969 1 -------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1969________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1969______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
J u l y 1969---------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1969 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o.—
111., M a r . 1969 1________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , Uta h, Nov. 1969 1______________________
S a n An ton io, T e x . , J u n e 1969 1 _________________________
San B e r n a rd in o — iv e rs id e — n tario, C alif.,
R
O
O ct. 1968 1 ------------------------------------------------------------Sa n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1969 1 __________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , Oct. 1969 1____________
O
Sa n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1 9 6 9 * ___________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1969________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969------------------------------------------S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h ., Nov. 1968 1 ___________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p t . 1969________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1969____________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., J u n e 1969 --------------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1969_________ ____________________
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1969 1_____________
T o l e d o , Ohicr-Mich., F e b . 1969 1_______________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t. 1969-----------------------------------------U tic a—R o m e , N .Y ., J u l y 1969-----------------------------------W a sh in g to n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t. 1969 1_______________
W a t e r b u r y , C on n ., M a r . 1969___________________________
W a te r l o o , Iowa, Nov. 1968 1 ____________________________
W ic h ita, K a n s . , D ec . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , May 1969-----------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969____________________________________
Y o u n g sto w n — a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1969 1________________
W

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88,

30 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35c e n ts
60 c e n ts

1575-85,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1660-26,
1625-76,

30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1660-30,
1625-85,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1625-25,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1625-43,
1660-14,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1625-57,
1660-21,
16 60- 1,
1660-19,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1660-38,

40 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35c e n t s

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C .
O F FIC IA L




20212

BUSINESS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

I
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J FIRST CLASS

MAIL I

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