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I

Area Wage Survey
The Jackson, Mississippi, Metropolitan Area
February 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-43




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey

The Jackson, Mississippi, Metropolitan Area




F ebru ary 1 9 6 7

B u lle tin N o. 1 5 3 0 -4 3
April 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IST IC S

Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is d e­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishm ent practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each
of the areas studied, fo r geographic regions, and for the
United States.
A m ajor consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (l) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the stru c­
ture and lev el of wages among areas and industry divisions.
At the end of each survey, an individual area bu l­
letin presents survey resu lts for each area studied. After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of su rveys, a tw o-part sum m ary bulletin is issued.
The fir s t part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin.
The second part presents
inform ation which has been projected from individual m e t­
ropolitan area data to relate to geographic regions and the
United States.

Introduction____________________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups____________________________
T a b le s;
1.
2.

A.

Establishm ents and workers within scope of survey and
number studied----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straigh t-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected p e r io d s _______________________
Occupational earnings :*
A - l . Office occupations—
men and women_________________________
A - 2. P rofession al and technical occupations— en______________
m
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women com bined__________________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations___________________
A - 5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations____________

Appendix.

Occupational descriptions______________________________________

E ig h ty -six areas currently are included in the
program . Information on occupational earnings is collected
annually in each area. Information on establishment p r a c ­
tices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained bien­
nially in m ost of the a re a s.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Jackson, M i s s ., in February 1967.
The Standard M etro ­
politan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the
Budget through A p ril 1966, consists of Hinds and Rankin
Counties.
This study was conducted by the Bureau*s r e ­
gional office in Atlanta, Ga. , Brunswick A . Bagdon, D i­
recto r; by Jerry C. A dam s, under the direction of James D.
Garland.
The study was under the general direction of
Donald M . C ruse, A ssista n t Regional D irector for Wages
and Industrial Relations.




1
3

a reas.

* N O T E : Sim ilar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back co v e r.)

Union sca le s, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Jackson area, are also available for building con­
struction; printing; loc a l-tra n sit operating em ployees; and
m otortruck d riv ers, h elpers, and allied occupations.

H
i

2

3

5
7
8
9
10
11




Area W age Survey---The Jackson, Miss., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
This area is 1 of 86 in which the U.S. Department of L a b o r's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide b a sis.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i .e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification .
Earnings data exclude p r e ­
mium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but co st-of-liv in g
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office c lerica l occupations, reference is to the stand­
ard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees
receive their regular straigh t-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for
overtim e at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings inform ation obtained largely by m ail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field econom ists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative esta b ­
lishm ents within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; tr a n s­
portation, comm unication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv ic es. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government o p era ­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

The averages presented reflect com posite, areawide e s ti­
m ates.
Industries and establishm ents differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estim ates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishm ents. S im ilarly, differences in average pay levels
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assum ed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishm ents. Other possible factors which may contrib­
ute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differences in
progression within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates
paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties p e r ­
form ed, although the workers are appropriately classified within the
same survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying e m ­
ployees in these surveys are usually m ore generalized than those used
in individual establishm ents and allow for minor differences among
establishm ents in the specific duties perform ed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishm ents.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of sm a ll establishm ents is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishm ents are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishm ents studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishm ents in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishm ents within the scope of the study and not the number a c ­
tually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishm ents, the estim ates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishm ents studied serve only to indicate
the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu ­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the follow ­
ing types: (l) Office cle r ic a l; (2) professional and technical; (3) m ain­
tenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material m ovem ent. O c­
cupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions
designed to take account of interestablishm ent variation in duties within
the same job . The occupations selected for study are listed and de­
scribed in the appendix. The earnings data following the job titles are
for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations
listed and described, or for som e industry divisions within occupations,
are not presented in the A -s e r ie s tables because either (l) em ploy­
ment in the occupation is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit
presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual e s ­
tablishment data.




Establishm ent P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -s e r ie s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin.
Information for these tabulations is collected biennially in
this area. These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inex­
perienced women office w orkers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly
hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension
plans
are presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) in previous bulletins
for this area.

1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s t u d i e d in J a c k s o n ,
b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1967

M in im u m
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f study

Industry div ision

A l l d i v i s i o n s ____________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----- ----------------------- - ----------- ---------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 -------------------------- ------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 --------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 6- ___ _______ _ — ---------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a nd r e a l e s t a t e 6 ----------S e r v i c e s 6 7---------------------------------------------------------------

N u m ber o f establishm ents

M iss., 1

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ithin s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W i t h in s c o p e
of study3

_

S t u d i ed

Studied
Number

Percent

165

88

27, 000

100

1 9 , 6 20

50

57
108

33
55

1 2 , 20 0
14, 8 00

45
55

9, 4 6 0
1 0 , 160

50
50
50
50
50

17
24
36
16
15

12
7
17
10
9

4, 20 0
2 , 2 00
4, 2 00
2, 4 0 0
1 ,8 0 0

16
8
16
9
6

3, 72 0
7 50
2, 3 7 0
2, 0 70
1, 2 5 0

_

1 T h e J a c k s o n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 196 6, c o n s i s t s o f H i n d s a n d R a n k i n
C o u n t i e s . T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n
o f the l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d i n th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n ot i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w i t h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s
f o r the a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y
in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , an d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t i o n o f the S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l a nd the 1963 S u p p l e m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
by in dustry d ivision .
3 I n c l u d e s a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s (w i th in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w i th in the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s an d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r th is d i v i s i o n i s no t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p l o y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) the s a m p l e w a s no t
d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e se n ta tio n ,
(3)
r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ff ic ie n t o r in ad equa te
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a nd (4) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta.
7 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v i c e s ; a u tom obile r e p a ir shops; m o tio n p ictu r e s; nonprofit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (ex clu din g r e lig io u s
a nd c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) , a nd e n g i n e e r i n g a nd a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A b o u t t w o - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the J a c k s o n a r e a w e r e
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b l e p r e s e n t s the m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
an d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s as a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
Industry groups

S p ec ific in dustries

F o o d p r o d u c t s ------------------------ ____ 21
F u r n i t u r e a nd f i x t u r e s --------- ____ 18
S t o n e , c l a y , and g l a s s
p r o d u c t s ______________________ ____ 14
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y ______ ____ 12
6
A p p a r e l _______ ______________ ____
L u m b e r and w o o d p r o d u c t s
____
6
( e x c e p t f u r n i t u r e ) --------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t __
5
P r i n t i n g and p u b l i s h i n g _____ ____

H o u s e h o l d f u r n i t u r e ____ ______ — _ 18
M e a t p r o d u c t s ------------------------- ----- 9
8
H o u s e h o l d a p p l i a n c e s -----------A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ___________
6
M e n 1s and b o y s '
f u r n i s h i n g s ___________________
5

This in f o r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f total e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
m a te r ia ls c o m p il e d p r i o r to actual su r v e y .
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y as s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

to p e r m it

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P resen ted in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average sa la rie s of office clerical workers and industrial n u rses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a m easure of wages at a given tim e, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period (d a te 'o f the area survey conducted
between July I960 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 from the index
yields the percentage change in wages from the base period to the
date of the index.
The percentages of change or increase relate to
wage changes between the indicated dates.
These estim ates are
m easu res of change in averages for the area; they are not intended
to m easure average pay changes in the establishments in the area.
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. These constant weights reflect base year
employments wherever p o ssib le.
The average (mean) earnings for
each occupation were multiplied by the occupation weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group were totaled. The aggregates
for 2 consecutive y ears w ere related by

dividing

the aggregate for

the later year by the aggregate for the earlier year.
The resultant
relative, le s s 100 percent, shows the percentage change. The index
is the product of multiplying the base year relative (100) by the relative
for the next succeeding year and continuing to multiply (compound)
each y e a r 's relative by the previous y e a r 's index. Average earnings
for the following occupations w ere used in computing the wage trends:

Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment

Table 2.

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Jackson, M iss.,
February 1967 and February 1966, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(February 1961=100)
February 1966

February 1965
to
February 1966

February 1964
to
February 1965

1 26.9

120.3

5 .4

5 .4

3. 1

3 .7

3 .4

3 .3

(*)
117. 5
137.6

(* )
113. 3
1 2 6 .5

(*)
3. 7
8. 7

(l )

(M

(l )

3. 1
5 .9

(*>

1. 5
2. 1

.5
4 .9

3 .6
2 .9

(*>

February 1967

Office clerical (m en and w om en)-------------------------------------------Industrial nurses (m en and w om en)------------------------------------------Skilled maintenance ( m e n ) -----------------------------------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )-----------------------------------------------------------------

1

Data do not m eet publication criteria.




Percents of increase
February 1966
to
February 1967

Occupational group

February 1963
to
February 1964

February 1962
to
February 1963

February 1961
to
February 1962

4 .0
8 .3

February 1960
to
February 1961

1 .8
( l)

5 .0
4 .0

4
For office clerical workers and industrial n u rses, the wage
trends relate to weekly salaries for the norm al workweek, exclusive
of earnings at overtim e prem ium rates.
For plant worker groups,
they m easure changes in average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings,
excluding prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
The percentages are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m ost of the num erically important
jobs within each group.

Changes in the labor force can cause in c rea ses or d ecreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishm ents in an area gave wage in c r e a se s,
average wages may have declined because low er-paying establishm ents
entered the area or expanded their work fo r c e s.
S im ila rly, wages
may have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishm ents
entered the area.

Limitations of Data
The indexes and percentages of change, as m easures of
change in area averages, are influenced by:
(l) general salary and
wage changes,
(2) m erit or other in creases in pay received by
individual w orkers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of w orkers employed by establishm ents with different pay le v e ls.




The use of constant em ployment weights elim inates the effect
of changes in the proportion of w orkers represented in each job
included in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-tim e hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by prem ium pay
for overtim e.
Data were adjusted where n ecessa ry to rem ove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ho ur s and ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a re a b a s is
by in du st r y d i v is io n, J ac ks o n , M i s s . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
W e e k l y e a rn i n g s 1
( standard)
N u mb e r
Sex,

occu p a tion ,

and

in d u stry

of
workers

d iv ision

N u m b er
$

Average
weekly
h o u rs 1
( standard)

M i d d l e ran g e 2

$

$

of w o rk e rs

$

$

rece iv in g
$

$

stra ig h t-tim e
$

$

w eek ly

S

earn in g s

$

$

of—
$

$

$

%

$

$

$

55

^

60

65

70

75

8C

85

90

95

100

105

11C

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

60

65

70

75

eo

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

12C

125

13C

135

140

145

ov er

1

U n der
Median 2

Mean2

$

$

5

3

5

1

3

2
2

2

and

50

and

u n der
55

M EN
$
1 1 9 .5 0

$
1 1 3 .5 0

J o S .5 0 - t r . o o
ii-i
1 1 1 . mu
U

4 0 .0

8

.5 0

7 9 .0 0

3-*i

4 0 . C

9 1 .0 0

9 4 . 0C

6 9 .0 0

23

3 9 .5

6 7 .5 0

6 C .0 0

5 7 .5 0 -

8 1 .5 0

2C

3 9 .5

6 6 .0 0

5 9 .5 0

5 7 .0 0 -

15

3 9 .5

6 7 .5 0

7 1 .0 0

2 n *. o
^
4

7 7 * nn

s n * 5^0
8 0 .

7 3 .5 0

7 2 .5 0

4 0 .5

7 3 .5 0

Of . oG

2

2

11 1.^0

2

3
1

6 1 .5 0 -

8 1 .0 0

3

3

83 * 50

7 2 .5 0

8 <* * n r ~
6 4 .0 0

8 4 .0 0

9 0 .5 0

7 6 . CO- 1 0 6 .5 0

2

3

7

*

1

7 0 ,5 0 -

3

1

7 9 .0 0

11
11

J A

2

1
1

WOMEN

B IL L E R S,

M ACH IN E

(B C C K K E E P IN G

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E
r>T
N U N MA NIJF A C T U R I IM
G

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E
^ m______„ . a „
N O N M A M jFA C TU R IN G
r i c
/ j
nr r U N 1 Tmo
L 'L r nKi Nc t
A O t Un uiM T 1 INU f
u
n a i \ m r A tr u U K It M U
A NUr A 1 m Im p
M fTM W AN I 1C A t 1 I
l
I NUI NnA K 1J r A T T IU O T INV
1 KT
j

CPERATORS*
———

—

—

——

*-

35

————— ——
. .
—.—.—— —

7 *

r L t KI c y r 1Lt f
c r » c
r L A jc o
t i r n »/ j
n
L i a c
mn lNi a m i r a t 1U “ T a t
N U M i r A I \iUc A r r n o 1 l \r

CLERKS»
PAYROLL
M HM N rAK \ 1CrAT T UID T M C
.
'
l N U I tJ A I 1 U A t 1 1
l INb

4 3
-

—

r i aoc
l LA c j
..
“

—
a
A

—

—— — ——— — ————

r
t

———-

---------

r
L

- -

- - - - - -

-------- —— —— —— —
... . .
—— ——— —— —

— ——

e

3 9 .5

215
1RP
1
J
28

nn

1C C .C C

3 9 .5

1 8 c * . nU
p 5 0n

8 4 .0 0

6 9 . CC- ^

3 9 .0

7 6 .5 0

74

6 6 .5 0 -

90

4 C .C

1 (

i r i

8 3 .5 0

*

7 8 .5 0

7 4 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 -

9 3 .0 0

3 9 . ^

7 6 .5 0

7 4 .0 0

6 6 .0 0 -

6 3 .5 0

6 3

0*

5 8 .5 0 -

68

6 3 .5 0

6 3 .0 0

5 8 .5 0 -

r i ac c
IL A oo

K tY PU N C H

CLASS

—

a
A

“

———

— —— —— — — —— ——

B

——— ————

iN C N M A M iF AC T U R IN G
** — —— — — ————— —
mU u i L T r
i i -t t i t t t i - c 4
r : D
lt
U 1 1 L 1 \ lto
—————————————
c r r “u r : T A D T r c 5
j t t K t 1A M L j
-----u AINUr a t 1 m t 'N t
...........
r » M i i r A t r iU K 1 k i b
— —— —— —————
h’
.....
fNO m hc A miUi c A r n Ui n 1 1 b —— — ——— — ———— ——— —
U INP a f\ r a b !
“ r Air
\
ml i u L T (' i i l t i1 1i t1tI c c 4
ui I t
t 1
r '
U
t :
—— — ——— —— ————
r r r c . 1AD t t o
n
ac
o
J > t toK L t a K 1 c c * t L A o c
j
t> —— — ———— ——— ——
A MAI M A I N 1Cr A ft TIU>> 1 I'ib * — ——— — ————— —— ——
i
jl
.
N U W p A N U A 1 ID T A C
r» U1D 1 l T t
1 D lr
I I T1 L T 1 1 t c 4
TI1 TT r:
r
U l
——— —————————

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




8

3 8 .5

0C

l

ift

3

J

3

*

3

1 2
1 7

3

5

1 _

~

6 8 .0 0

5

*n
6 . Cn

2
3
4

5">

14

8

35

37

~

1

2
32

29

r
10

6

3 9 .5

5 8 .5 0

5 8 . 0Q

2
58
48
S5

3 3

“j
2
4 8

3 9 .G

14

2

3 9 .5
3 9 . j

39
3
3

„
. ^

7 0 . 0r 0
A
f 9

5 fc.S C -

6 0 .0 0

2

2

1

53
£Q

3

_

_

1

1

3
1

2

2
2

I

1

6

1
1

8 3 * sc
3 .5 j

7 4 . 0 0 -

9 2 .5 0

1

71

87

00

1

7 6 .5 0

7 1 .5 0 -

8 6 .5 0

1

50

n

77

c''

^

77

5G

7 7 .* n nc 72
>

91

50

83

* 50

00

a n o n

8
1

1
1

104

50

93

00

9 3 .0 0

8 5 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0

3 9 .5

9 4 .5 0

9 1 . 0C

8 3 . CO- 1 0 4 .5 0

1 1 1 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0

9 4 . C O -■ 1 2 8 . 0 0

3
8

3

7

2
8

1 5

i 2
1

in

8

J

8

7

1

![

3

1 3

31

4

~
12

1

8

1
12

30

2

1

1

1

1

l

2
2

2

in

1

7

3 2

2 7

28

37

22

24

6

3

2

3

8

3

18

1C

5

10

13

2

1

12

1

2

12

8
2

12

*

1
1

7

1

ft

« 77*. 5 0
an

4 0 .0
3 9 . ^

7

1

1

1

35

1

7fl . 0 n
n0

3 9 . 5

3

1

1

71

75*

i

_

7 7 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

8

7

1

12
8

~
21

1

8

00

14

8

34

”

~

21

i
2

3

_

3

1

47

—
—— ———— ———— —— —— —

9

2

9 0 .0 0

38

3
1

9 3 .0 C -

—————— —— —— —

i / r wTnriU A' i Uin
i i ir i
n r K A LK
l\C
U c it c nA I r n n co t
KirNMlLIA MIIC A T 1 U K T \iC
N U INn A N U r A b TI 1D i i\ b

CPERATLKSt

* 7 . 00

CPERATORS,

r* » r r» in o
Ar ri N
r i aco
u
L L t K I / c * A t trL Ui iM T1T1M\r v L L A o c
l t
o
—— ——— — —
u A N U c hr 1 n i r « t
r A N . n r A t t iUiK t Mr* —— ————
— ——— —— —— ——
AlCIMMAMllC AT 1 1O l K ('
rsj UIN ci A !\U r A U TIU K T J\ b ——— ——— ————— ——— —
r » r K r/ o • c lt L b f
i r
r l a c j
L L t n 1 r
r
tL A b c
KtHIvlUA Ml 1Cr A r TlUID i Mr*
N U 'N rA lN U A t !
n T b

37

—

1

2

1

1

9
1

3

12

3

3

3

9

* 2

~

1C

9

2

~

3

3

12

5

117

91

4 3

39

0

1C8 * 5 0

115

21

3 9 .C

1 2 1 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0

00

c c

9 C .0 0 - 1 2 8 *0 0
1 1 7 . 5 0 - 1 3 1 . CC

1
1

2

5

3

1

3

1

3

1

1
2

1

1

2

8

3

3

i
~

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , J a c k s o n , M is s . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ea r n i n g s of—

WOMEN -

$

$

$

$

$

T ,
T
50
Under
*
and
° j
under

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

11C

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

__________ 55

Sex, oc c u p a t io n , and in dus tr y d i v is i o n

SECRETARIES5 -

$

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

60

65

7C

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

11C

1 15

120

125

13C

135

140

145

over

CONTINUED

CONTINUED
$

39.5
39.5

94.00
95.00

92.50
95.00

7 5 .5 0 7 7 .0 0 -

14C
13C

40. C
40.0

88 .0 0
88 .0 0

88.50
88.50

8 2.508 2 .0 0 -

9 6.50
9 6.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4--------------------------

168
26
142
59

39.5
4 0.C
39.5
38.5

76.50
78.00
76.00
81.50

74.00
77.50
73.00
82.00

67.507 2.5 06 7 .0 07C .50-

84.00
83.00
85.00
92.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4 --------------------------

69
62
15

4 0.C
4 0.0
39.5

88.50
87.50
94.50

87.00
86.50
95.00

7 8 .0 0 101.00
7 7 .0 0 - 98.00
8 0 .0 0 116.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

27
24

41.5
41.5

5 3. 50
53.00

56.50
56.00

5 1 .5 0 5 1 .0 0 -

SWITCHBOARD 0 PERATQR-RECEPTICNISTS
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

41
3C

40.0
40. C

74.00
72.50

73.00
70.50

6 4 .0 0 - 83.50
6 3 . 0C- 8 4.0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

25
25

38.0
38.0

71.50
71.50

71.50
71.50

67.0 067.0 0-

77.50
77.50

2
2

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4 --------------------------

51
39
18

3 9.C
3 9 .C
39.0

75.00
75.00
79.00

73.00
73.00
78.50

6 8 . 006 7 . 0C7 3 .0 0 -

80.00
83.50
91.00

5
5

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

111

3 9.:
3 9.Q

63.50
63.50

6 2 . 5G
6 2.50

58.505 8.50-

67.50
6 7.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

45
35

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

111

116.50
118.00

4
4

22
21

1
1

1

14
3

32

1

27
10

19
17

20
18

33
31

18
7
11

33

2

3

13
13

19

3

18
17

2

1

1

13

2

61.00
6 2.00

11

2
1

10

1

41
41

31
31

8
4

5
4

-

-

5

1

-

5

1

2

13
5
3

8
6
5

3
3
1

1
1
1

23
23

7
7

5

-

2
2

-

-

4

13

12

-

7
6

-

-

1
1

-

5

1 Standard ho ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e the ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at re g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m ra t e s ) , and the e a rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d
to thes e w e e k l y h o ur s.
2 The m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a ch j o b by totaling the e a rn in gs o f all w o r k e r s and dividing by the n um b e r of w o r k e r s .
The m e di an de si g na te s p o s it i o n
ha lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the rate shown; half r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate shown.
The m id d l e rang e is de fi ne d b y 2 ra te s o f pay; a fou rt h o f the w o r k e r s ea rn l e s s than the l o w e r of t hes e ra t es and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e than
the hi ghe r rat e.
5 W o r k e r s w e r e di st r ib u t ed as f o l lo w s :
2 at $ 1 5 0 to $15 5; and 2 at $ 1 6 5 to $ 17 0 .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o the r public u til iti e s.
5 Ma y in clu de w o r k e r s ot he r than t ho se p r e s e n t e d se p ar at e ly .
6 Al l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3 0 to $ 35.




7
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w ee kl y ho ur s and ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
by ind ust ry di v is i o n , Ja c ks o n, M i s s . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
Weekly earnings1
( standard)
Number
of
■workers

O cc u p a t io n

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e ek ly ea rn i n gs of—
$
55

M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

CLASS A ----------------------------------

15

C LAS S 8

35

40 C 1 2 5 . 5 0

17

40.0

65

*
70

t
75

i

$
80

85

$
90

$

i

95

100

$
105

$
110

$
115

■
*

DRAFTSMEN,

^

97.00

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

2

65

7C .0 0-12 4.0 0

2

2

-

-

1 Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir re g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s
to t h es e w ee k l y h o u r s .
2 F o r def in i t io n o f t e r m s , s e e foo t no t e 2, table A - l .




$
125

$

i

130

2

4

1

—

1

1

14 0

$
150

$

i

160

170

180

1

110

115

120

5

i

125

130

140

15 C

160

4

3

3

1

1 2 2 . CO 1 C 5 . C C - 1 6 1 . 5 0
100.00

$
120

and

$
$
$
$
4 0 . C 1 5 9 . 5 0 1 5 0 . 0C 1 3 8 . 5 0 - 1 7 0 . CO

DRAFTSMEN,

60

*

and
under
60

DRAFTSMEN,

$

5
>

1

3

( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

170

1
3

ra t e s) ,

and the

130

ea rni ngs

over

3
6

correspond

8
Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en Combined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
Average

O cc u pa t io n and in dus tr y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Average

O c c u p a t io n and in du str y d i v i s i o n

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS -

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

CONTINUED
4 0.0
40.0
39.5

$
8 8.50
87.50
9 4.5 0

73.00
72.50
78.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

27
24

41.5
41.5

53.50
53.00

3 9 .C
38.5

6 6 . 50
66.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATCR-RECEPTICNI ST SNONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

41
3D

40.0
40.0

74.00
7 2.50

39.5
40.0
39.5
3 9.C

94.00
93.00
94.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------------------------

32

38.5

9 6.0 0

1 1 1 .0 0

108.00
108.50
121.00

25
25

3 8 .C
3 8.C

71.5 0
7 1.50

21

39.5
39.0
39.0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

45
35

39.5
39.5

94.00
95.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 -----------------------------------

51
39
18

3 9 .C
39.0
3 9.C

7 5.00
7 5.00
7 9.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
NONMANUFACTURING —

14C
13G

4C.C
40.0

88.00
88.00

TYPISTS, CLASS E ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

111
111

3 9.C
39.0

6 3.50
6 3.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2-

169
26
143
60

39.5
40.0
39.5
38.5

76.50
78.00
76.00
81.50

39.5
39.5

$
79.00
79.00

37
33

4 0 .C
4 0 .C

7 8.00
7 7.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 2 -----------

95
84
33

39. C
39.0
39.0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE C PERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

43
35

4 0.5
40.5

73.50
73.50

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS
NONMANUFACTURING -

34
31

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

95
23
72

4 0 . C 9 6.50
4 0 . C 108.00
40.0
93.00

SECRETARIES3--------------------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2

245
24

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B - MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

239
31
2C8

3 9 .C
40.0
39.0

78.00
82.50
77.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING - PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2

46
43

CLERKS, F IL E, CLASS P ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

28
28

38.5
38.5

63.50
6 3.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

47
43

39.5
39.5

58.50
5 8 . 50

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

46
19

4 0 .C
39.5

8 6.50
81.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

47
18
29

39.5
4 0 .C
3 9.C

85.00
81.50
87.00

221
48

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS A ----------------------------------

15

40.0

159.50

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS B ----------------------------------

35

4 0.0

125.50

CLASS C ----------------------------------

18

4 0.0

9 7.00

DRAFTSMEN,
1 Standard h ou r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r wh ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir re g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
c o r r e s p o n d to t hes e w ee kl y ho ur s.
2 T ra n sp o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i ca t io n , and o t h er pu bl ic u til iti e s.
3 May in clu de w o r k e r s o t h er than t ho se p r e s e n t e d se p a r a t e l y .




-

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

69
62
15

39.5

56
48

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE C PERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

Weekly
(standard)

O FFICE OCCUPATIONS

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------

15

Number
of
worker.

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 3
----------------------------

$
6 7.50

BILLERS, MACHINE ( ECCKKEEPINC
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------

Average

O cc up a tio n and in d u st r y d i v i s i o n

s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

ra t e s ) ,

and the ea rn i n gs

9
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h ou r ly e ar ni ngs f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in du st r y di v is i o n , J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly ea rn in gs o f—

Hourly earnings 1

O c c u p a t i o n and in d u s t r y di v is i o n

Number
of
workers

1

i

1.70
Mei i2

M edian 2

Middle range2

ENGINEERS,

39
36

2 .9 7
2.9 4

$
2 .6 8 2 .6 9 2 .7 9 -

i

2 .7 1 2 .7 1 -

2 .3 5 2 .0 6 2 .3 9 2 .3 9 -

2 .6 9
2 .6 8

2 .3 8 2 .3 6 -

3 .1 3
3 .1 1

$

t

$

$

2 .7 0

2 .5 0 2 .6 0

2 .8 0 2 .9 0

$

i

$

$

3 .0 0 3 .1 0

$

$

3 .2 0 3 .3 0

$~

3 . 4 0 3 . 5G
and

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2.6 0

2 .9 0

4
4

5
5

3
3

8
8

7
7

1
1

2 .8 8
2.5 4
3 .1 3
2.9 5

2.72
2 .6 7

$

2 .3 0 2 .4 0

13
13

1
1

1
1
-

3 .2 2
3 .2 2

2 .5 2
2.31
2 .5 5
2.5 3

$

2 .1 0 2.2 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 C

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

4
4

4
4

3 .4 0

4
4

3 .5 0

9

4
4
-

6
6

ho l id a y s ,

l
1

2
2
4
4

and late shift s.

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

-

1
l

6
6

23
4
19
18
10
10

7
1
6
6

24
2
22
22

2
1

4
4

-

20
20

2
2

2
2
6
5

1
1
11
10

1
-

1
3
3

-

2

8
8

4
2
2
-

over

5
3

3.48

2 .7 7
2 .7 7

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s ,
F o r de f in i t io n o f t e r m s , s e e foot not e 2, tabl e A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r pu blic ut ili t ie s.




1 .9 0 2 .0 0

3 .1 9
3 .1 7

2.62
2.3 2
2.7 0
2 .6 8
103
95

1.80

$

$

2 .8 8
2 .8 7
3.42

30
30

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING - PUBLIC UT ILITIES
MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------

$

2 .8 9
2 .8 9

STATIONARY

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -------------

1
2
3

$

t

and
und er
1.80

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ------------------

$

15
14

-

10
10

12

3

-

-

12
12

3
3

-

-

10
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , J a c k so n , M i s s . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—

Hourly earnings 2
Number
of
workers

$

I

$

$

$

$

M ean34

M edian3

Middle range3

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
(WOMEN! -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

39
39

$
1 .0 5
1 .C 5

$
1.07
1.0 7

$
$
1 .0 2 - 1 .4 4
1 .C 2 - 1 .4 4

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

64
51

1.7 5
1.67

1.54
1.5 4

1 .4 6 1 .4 7 -

2 .1 6
1.7 9

U n der1,2 0 1 ,3 0 1,40
(
and
1 *2 0 und er
1 .4 Q

1.5 0

1 .6 0

-

-

13
13

_

-

_

”

“

26
20

16
16

i

$

$

1,80

1,9 0

2,00

2 ,1 0 2,2 0

t

%

$

2,30

2 * 40 2 , 5 0

$

$

I

$

$

$

Zm6°

2 ,7 0

2 ,8 0 2 ,9 0

$

3 ,0 0

3 ,1 0 3 ,2 0

$

$

1
1

“

I

1,7 0

1 ,5 0 1,6 0

________1 . 3 0

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in du str y di v is i o n

25
25

3 ,3 0

1.7 0

1.8 0

1.90

2* 00

2.10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 *5 0

2 .6 0

2.7 0

2*80

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3*30

3 .4 0

1
1

2
2

1
l

1
“

-

3
3

_

8
8

2

_

_

2

_

-

_

_

~

1
~

1

~

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

7
6
1

22
6
16
16

3
3
-

3
3
-

6
6
-

_
-

_
-

14
14
14

6
6
-

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

35

1 .46

1.4 9

1 .4 5 -

1 .5 6

-

-

-

20

12

1

2

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 5 ---------------------------

335
141
194
29

1 .5 0
1.5 9
1 .44
1.7 1

1 .4 7
1 .4 9
1 .4 6
1.79

1 .4 3 1 .4 4 1 .4 2 1 .5 4 -

1 .5 8
1.73
1•5 C
1.87

LI
LI
"

x
1
“

5
5
“

21 0
79
131
6

33
18
15
4

11
6
5
1

24
14
10
4

14
2
12
11

14
1C
4
3

4
4

2
2

4
4

_
-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

65
56

1 .4 1
1 .4 0

1.45
1.45

1 .4 2 1 .4 2 -

1.4 8
1.48

2
2

2
2

_

56
47

_

-

5
5

LABORERS, MATERIAL H/NOLING -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S5 ---------------------------

452
340
112
35

1.77
1.7 2
1 .9 3
2 .8 C

1.5 4
1 .5 5
1.49
2 .6 8

1 .4 6 1 .4 6 1 .4 4 2 .6 3 -

2 .0 8
1.70
2 .6 2
3.24

-

3
3

_
-

193
133
60

72
72
-

51
51
-

7
7
-

1
1
-

5
1
4

1C
5
5
3

26
22
4
2

16
12
4
“

“

7
6
1
-

1.57

1 .4 8

1 .4 4 -

1.7 1

-

-

-

36

5

2

5

-

3

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

2

2

1

5

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

5
3

2
2

1
1

11
9

2

-

-

2
2

1

2

-

-

1

2
1

28
27
1

_

_

1

_

.

2

_

2

2

5

23

2

62

~

“

1

-

-

2

-

2

2

5

23

2

62

_

~

-

-

~

1
1

_

-

“

-

“

1
l

“

1
1

“

4
4

9
9

"

56
56

1

14

2

6

ORDER

FILLERS -------------------------------------------

57

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------------

16

1.87

1.87

1 .7 3 -

2 .0 3

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

33
20

2.3 4
2.40

2 .3 5
2 .3 5

2 .0 9 2 .2 3 -

2 .6 0
2 .6 3

-

TRUCKDRIVERS6 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

295
118
177

2.16
1.7 6
2.4 2

1 .7 8
1.76
3 .0 8

1 .5 0 1 .7 1 1 .4 5 -

3 .1 6
1 .9 4
3 .3 3

6
6

12
12

10
10

47
15
32

13
8
5

4
3
1

69
59
10

3
3
~

3

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

67
58

1 .4 2
1 .4 0

1 .4 3
1.4 1

1 .2 9 1 .2 7 -

1 .5 2
1.5 1

6
6

12
12

10
10

22
16

5
5

1
1

9
6

_

1

~

1

“

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TCNS) --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

121
93

2 .6 2
2.86

3 .1 6
3 .3 2

1 .9 5 2 .7 5 -

3 .3 5
3 .3 6

_

_

_

23
16

2
“

_
~

4
4

_

“

~

3
~

17
1

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TCNS,
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

63
40

2 .2 7
1 .7 3

1.83
1.75

1 .7 3 1 . 68-

3.15
l .80

_

_
-

-

2
2

6
6

3
3

20
20

3
3

_

"

"

6
6

TRUCKERS, POWER ( FCRKLIFT) ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

124
12C

1 .7 3
1.7 0

1.6 1
1.60

1 .4 7 1 .4 7 -

1.96
1 .9 3

_
-

_

_
-

46
45

15
15

28
28

_
-

_
-

-

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

Data l i m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w i s e indic ate d.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w ee ke nd s, h ol id a y s, and
late shift s.
F o r de f in i t io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo ot no te 2, table A - l .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib ut e d as f o l l o w s :
7 at $ 0 . 4 0 to $ 0 . 5 0 ; and 18 at $1 to $ 1 . 1 0 .
T ra n sp o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o t h er pu b l ic ut il it ie s.
In cl ude s all d r i v e r s , as de fi ne d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and type o f t r u c k op e r at e d .




1

8

6

4
4

_
”

14
14

_
-

_
-

_

4
4

_

_
-

2
2

_

_
-

2

1
1

3
-

_
“

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping o f occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability o f occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are
classified by type o f m achine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billin g m achine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc. , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, e tc . Usually involves application o f predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which m ay or m ay not be computed on the billing m achine, and
totals which are autom atically accumulated by m achine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number o f carbon copies o f the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, e tc.
May check or assist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
m ay or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com plete set
o f books or records relating to one phase o f an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
11

12

CLERK, A C CO U N TIN G — Continued

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This jo b does not
require a knowledge o f accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc.
May
also file this m aterial. May keep records o f various types in con ­
junction with the files.
May lead a small group o f lower lev el file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerica l tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing o f material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK,

ORDER— Continued

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's nam e, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform m athe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a C om p­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto m achine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow ing;
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a num erical an d/or alphabetical or com bina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
lev el keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

13

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

o f coding skills and the making o f some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
inform ation on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following sp ecific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com bination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards.
May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffic e machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the d ay-to-day work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing: (a) R eceives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor’s files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor’ s calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f o ffice
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; an d(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate o ffice r," used in the level definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"v ice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer level) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in all, over 25, O X persons.
C)
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman o f the
board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,0 0 0 persons; or

14

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer level) maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
May
over either a m ajor corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a m ajor division)
o f a company that employs, in all, over 5 ,000 but fewer than 25,000
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
em ployees; or
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
cL Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scien tific re­
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, over 5 ,000
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
persons; or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy . May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a m iddle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and o ffice procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, p olicies, procedures,
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responfiles, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the sp ecific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing sim ple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
co lle ct, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs i f the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
eaftension numbers when sp ecific names are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator.)

15

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties o f operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine cle rica l work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerica l work m ay take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULA TIN G -M ACH IN E OPERATOR— C on tinu ed

sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik.
The work typically involves portions o f a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typ ically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences o f long and com plex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and d a y -to-d ay supervision of the work and production o f a group o f
tabula ting-m achine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrica l account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance o f some wiring from
diagrams.
The woik typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually o f a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m a chine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerica l work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves com bining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

16

PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation o f com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the e ffe ct of
each change on the details o f form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. C om pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con ­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application o f most o f the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction o f a building including
detail drawings o f foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings o f single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
o f drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
o f components and convey needed information.
Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less com plete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or p en cil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting o f straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close d elin eation .)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings o f easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f em ployees’ injuries; keeping
records o f patients treated; preparing acciden t reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation o f plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
o f all personnel.

AND

PQWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions o f work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work.
In general, the work o f the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




17

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing; Installing or repairing any o f a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con ­
trollers, circu it breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician 's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work o f the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; clein in g working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record o f operation
of m achinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex ­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean , oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f m echanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge o f the working properties of the
com m on metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

18

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work o f the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the m illwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow in g: Knowledge of surface p ecu li­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency.
In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position o f pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications.
In general, the work o f the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge o f sanitary codes regarding installation o f vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

19

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL W ORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­

CUSTODIAL

AND

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHM AN
Guard.
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman.
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

20

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— C ontinued

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to fillin g orders and in­
dicating items filled or om itted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the type o f con ­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f the follow ing:
Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file o f shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
R eceiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truck drivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis o f trailer ca p a city.)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(com bination o f sizes listed separately)
light (under 1 V2 tons)
medium (lV^ to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-p ow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

☆

U.S. G O V E R N M E N T PRINTING OFFICE: 1967

253-606/ 60

Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the latest available bulletins is presen ted b elow . A d ir e c to r y indicating dates o f e a r lie r studies, and the p r ic e s o f the bulletins is
available on req u est. B ulletins may be purchased fr o m the Superintendent of D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overnm ent Printing O ffice , W ashington, D .C ., 20204,
o r fr o m any o f the BLS region a l sales o ffic e s shown on the in side fron t c o v e r .
A rea

B ulletin num ber
and p r ic e

A kron, O hio, June 1966 1_______________________________
A lb a n y -S ch e n e cta d y -T ro y , N .Y ., A pr. 1966 1 ------------A lbuquerque, N. M e x ., A pr. 1966 1____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem —
Easton, Pa.— .J .,
N
F eb. 1966 1_____________________________________________
Atlanta, G a ., May 1966 1 ----------------------------------------------B a ltim ore, M d ., Nov. 1966 1-----------------------------------------Beaumont— o rt A rthur— ran ge, T ex ., May 1966 1___
P
O
B irm ingh am , A la ., A pr. 1966--------------------------------------B oise C ity, Idaho, July 1966 1__________________________
B oston , M a ss ., O ct. 1966______________________________

1465-81,
1465-60,
1465-64,

30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1465-53,
1465-71,
1530-30,
1465-63,
1465-56,
1530-2,
1530-16,

25
30
30
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u ffalo, N .Y ., D e c. 1966 1______________________________
B urlington, V t ., M ar. 1966____________________________
Canton, O hio, A p r. 1966 1---------------------------------------------C h a rleston , W. V a ., A pr. 1966 1 ---------------------------------C h arlotte, N .C ., A p r. 1966 1
___________________________
Chattanooga, Term.— a ., Sept. 1966 1________________ —
G
C h icag o, 111., A pr. 1966 1 ______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y.— d., M ar. 1966 1 ______ _________
K
In
C leveland, O hio, Sept. 1966 1__________________________
C olum bu s, O hio, O ct. 1966 1-----------------------------------------D a lla s, T e x ., Nov. 1966 1______________________________

1530-38,
1465-54,
1465-58,
1465-70,
1465-67,
1530-8,
1465-68,
1465-57,
1530-13,
1530-20,
1530-25,

30
20
25
25
25
30
30
25
30
30
30

1530-19,
1465-39,
1530-32,
1465-48,
1465-45,
1530-28,
1530-5,
1465-74,
1465-85,
1530-37,

Jackson, M is s ., F eb. 1967_____________________________
J a ck son v ille, F la ., Jan. 1967 1------------------------------------K ansas C ity, M o.— a n s., N ov. 1966___________________
K
L aw rence— av erh ill, M ass.—
H
N.H ., June 1966 1 _______
L ittle R ock—
North L ittle R ock , A rk ., Aug. 1966 1____
L os A n geles—Long B each and Anaheim—
Santa A n a ____ ______________
G arden G ro v e , C a lif., M ar. 1966 1
L o u is v ille , Ky.— d ., F eb. 1966_______________________
In
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1966 1--------------------- ------------—
____
M an ch ester, N .H ., Aug. 1966 1------------------------------------M em phis, Tenn.— r k ., Jan. 1967______________________
A
M iam i, F la ., D e c. 1966____________________ -— — —
Midland and O d essa , T e x ., June 1966 1 _______________


1 Data on establishment


Bulletin number
and p r ic e

M ilw aukee, W is., A pr. 1966____________________________
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., Jan. 1967 1______________
M uskegon— uskegon H eights, M ich ., May 1966 1 _____
M
Newark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., F eb. 1966 1 ____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1967_______ ___________________ _
New O rlea n s, L a., F eb. 1966___________________________
New Y ork , N .Y ., A pr. 1966 1____________________________
N orfolk— ortsm outh and N ewport News—
P
Hampton, V a ., June 1966______________________________
O klahom a C ity, O k la ., Aug. 1966 1_____________________

1465-61,
1530-42,
1465-72,
1465-50,
1530-41,
1465-47,
1465-82,

20
30
25
30
25
20
40

1465-77,
1530-6,

20 cents
25 cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, O ct. 1966______________
P aterson — lifton — a s s a ic , N .J ., May 1966 1
C
P
P h iladelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1966 1_________
Phoenix, A r i z . , M ar. 1966 1_________________
P ittsbu rgh, P a ., Jan. 1966___________________
P ortland, M aine, Nov. 1966_________________
P ortlan d, O reg .— ash., May 1966 1_________
W
P rov id en ce—
Pawtucket— arw ick, R .I.— ass
W
M
May 1966.
R aleigh, N .C ., Sept. 1966___________
R ichm ond, V a ., Nov. 1966__________
R ock ford , 111., May 1966 1 ______ ____________

1530-18,
1465-76,
1530-35,
1465-62,
1465-46,
1530-17,
1465-73,

25
25
35
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-65,
1530-7,
1530-23,
1465-66,

25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents

30
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
30
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

St. L ou is, M o.—
111., O ct. 1966 1______________
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, D ec. 1966 1___________
San A ntonio, T e x ., June 1966_______________
San B ern ardin o— iv e rsid e — ntario, C a lif.,
R
O
Sept. 1966------------------------------------------------------San D ieg o, C a lif., Nov. 1966 1_______________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1967
San J o s e , C a lif., Sept. 1966--------------------------Savannah, G a., May 1966 1___________________
Scranton, P a ., Aug. 1966____________________
Seattle— v erett, W ash., O ct. 1966____— ____
E

1530-27,
1530-33,
1465-78,

30 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1530-14,
1530-24,
1530-36,
1530-10,
1465-69,
1530-3,
1530-22,

25
25
30
20
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-43,
1530-39,
1530-26,
1465-80,
1530-1,

20
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-59,
1465-51,
1465-79,
1530-4,
1530-40,
1530-31,
1465-84,

30
20
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D ak., O ct. 1966_________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1966 1__________ _________________
Spokane, W ash., June 1966___________________ ________
Tampa—
St. P etersb u rg , F la ., Sept. 1966 1 ____________
T oled o, Ohio— ich ., F eb. 1966______________________
M
T renton, N .J., D ec. 1966 1______________________________
W ashington, D .C .-M d .-V a ., O ct. 1966 1______________
W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1966 1_______________________
W a terloo, Iowa, Nov. 1966 1____________________________
W ichita, K a n s., O ct. 1966 1____________ ______________
W o r ce s te r , M a ss., June 1966 1______________________

____
1530-12,
1465
1465-55,
1465-75,
1530
1530-9,
1465-49,
1530-34,
1530
1530-15,
1465-52,
1530
1530-21,
1530-11,
1465-83,
1465-40,
1530-29,

20
25
20
25
20
25
30
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D avenport— ock Island— oline, Iowa—
R
M
111.,
D ayton, O hio, Jan. 1966 ~l ---------------------------------------------D en v er, C o lo ., D e c. 1966________________________ _____
D es M oines, Iowa, F eb. 1966 1 ------------------------------------D etroit, M ich ., Jan. 1966______________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x ., N ov. 1966 1-------------------------------------G reen Bay, W is ., Aug. 1966 1 __________________________
G re e n v ille , S .C ., May 1966 1—-------------------------------------H ouston, T e x ., June 1966 1 — --------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., D e c. 1966___________________________

A rea

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents