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The Ind ianapolis, Indiana, Metropolitan Area
Decem ber 1968
HOO NE

Bulletin

No.

I

HA Mil .TON

1 6 2 5 -4 0




U N IT E D STATES DEPA R TM EN T OF LABOR
BUREA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

R E G IO N II*

PHILADELPHIA

Region 1
Region II
1603-B Federal Building
341 Ninth Ave.
Government Center
New York, N.Y. 10001
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 59 7 -7 7 9 6 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
Federal Office Building
Chicago, 111. 60604
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The In d ian ap o lis, In dian a, M etropolitan Area




D ecem ber 1 9 6 8

B u lle tin No. 1 6 2 5 - 4 0
A p ril 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 35 cents




Contents

P reface

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of a n n u a l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d etailed d ata by se le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n for each
of the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t i n to (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and le v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n __________________________________________________________________
W a ge t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s __________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

A.

A t the e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ied . A fte r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
of s u r v e y s , a tw o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is i s s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s t u d i e d i n to one b u l l e t i n . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s i n f o r ­
m a tio n w hich h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a t o r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d the
U n it e d S t a t e s .

B.
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . I n e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v isio n s b ien n ially.
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , in D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 8 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t ­
r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f th e
B u d g e t th ro u gh J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s of B o o n e , H a m ilto n ,
H a n c o c k , H e n d r i c k s , J o h n s o n , M a r i o n , M o r g a n , an d S h e l b y
C oun ties.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e ­
g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
of W oodrow C . L in n , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r f o r
O p eration s.




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _____________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , an d
p e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s -----------------------------O ccu p atio n al e a r n in g s:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n ------------------------------m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n an d
m
w o m e n ________________________________________________________
A - 3 . O ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _________________________________
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s _________________
A -5.
C u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w age p r o v i s io n s :
B -l.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en o ffice w o r k e r s —
B-2.
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ___________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ____________________________________
B -4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s _________________________________________________
B-5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s --------------------------------------------------------------B -6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ---------------------------B - 7 . M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n an d f r e q u e n c y o f
p a y m e n t ------------------------------------------------------------------------

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s a r e a v a ila b le
(See in sid e b ack co v er.)

for other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n i n g s in the I n d i a n a p o l i s
a r e a is a l s o a v a ila b le fo r s e le c t e d food s e r v i c e o ccu p a tio n s
( D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 8 ).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g
p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le f o r b u ild in g c o n str u c tio n ; prin tin g;
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; an d m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s ,
h e l p e r s , and a ll i e d o c c u p a tio n s .

iii

4

6
7
11
12
13
14
16
17
18
19
20
22
23
24




Area Wage Survey---The Indianapolis, Ind., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con d u cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
fa c tu rin g ; t r a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n icatio n , and other pu b lic u tilitie s;
w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e
g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o cc u p a tip n s stu d ied to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a t e tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w hich m e e t p u b li­
cation c r it e r ia .

O cc u p atio n a l em p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th o se h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w ee k ly sch ed u le
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s d ata exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o y e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e . e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s - f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to t h e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y
fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w ee k ly e a r n ­
in g s fo r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h ave b e en ro u n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted re fle ct com p o site, areaw id e e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d if fe r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
The p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b ta in ab le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f t h e s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffer­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y t h e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c te d ; an d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , altho ugh the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
t h a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e giv en t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w eigh t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e below the m in im u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O c cu p atio n s and E a r n in g s
The o ccu p atio n s s e le c te d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
of m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r i e s , and a r e of the
follow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to tak e acco u n t of in ter e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u t i e s w it h in t h e s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r stud y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d ix . Th e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g
th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
of the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s
w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e
of in dividual e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n t h e s c o p e of t h e s t u d y a n d not t h e n u m b e r
actu ally su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m the s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e only to in d ica te
the r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e of the jo b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y t h e a c c u r a c y of th e
e a r n in g s data.
E st a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( i n t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New Yodc State
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w age p r o v is io n s a s they
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
r e la te to plan t and o ffice w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u tiv e , and
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , a n d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t i l i z e d
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
a s a s e p a r a t e w ork fo rc e a r e exclu d ed .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in clu de
partment of Labor.




1

2
w o rk in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in cludin g le a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s an d n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c le r ic a l or re la te d fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y t o t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , a n d th e p r o b a b i l i t y t h a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h ave f o r m a l e n tran ce r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l t h a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s of (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t t h e t i m e of th e
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g t o a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la te - sh ift h o u rs a r e paid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe re n tial w a s re c o r d e d
o n l y i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y of t h e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l o f the p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch ed u led
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ich f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h eth er th ey w e r e p a id fo r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s; paid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in su r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p l a n s ; an d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on t h e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l
p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t i c e s lis t e d .
S u m s of in d iv id u al
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
ro un ding.
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n t h o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d t h e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t

p a r t of t h e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s t h e n u m b e r o f w h o l e a n d h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . The s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h alf
h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (tab le B - 5 ) is lim ite d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v i s io n s .
It i s n ot i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e of the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u la t e d a s ap p ly in g to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s of len gth of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
oth er than a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e rte d to a t im e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s t h e e q u i v ­
alen t of 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
t h o s e w hich o ffe r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f its beyon d b a s i c
p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w it h q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t of th e
c o s t . S u c h p la n s in clu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it te n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d th r o u g h a union fund o r p a id d i r e c t l y by
th e e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e
fo r this p u r p o se .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h ave a p la n
if the m a j o r i t y of e m p lo y e e s w a s e lig ib le to be c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e r e r e q u ir e d to c o n tr ib u te t o w a r d the c o s t of the p la n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s, such a s w o rk m e n 's co m p e n satio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u rity , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o t h a t t y p e of
i n su r a n c e u n der w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t ly
to the i n s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d i s a b i l it y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll su c h p la n s to w h ich the e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
How­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i lit y i n su r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s, 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w .
T a b u la tio n s of p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f t h e
w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o rk b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f t h e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l i s show n of w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a j o r m e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p ita liz a t io n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p la n s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
p a y m e n t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
Such p la n s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p rofit o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th ey m a y
b e p a i d f o r b y t h e e m p l o y e r out o f a fu n d s e t a s i d e f o r t h i s p u r p o s e .
T a b u la t io n s of r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to t h o se p la n s
th at p r o v id e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r of the w o r k e r 's life .
M e t h o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b l e B - 7 ) r e l a t e s t o b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a n d i n ­
c en tiv e s y s t e m s . U n d er a s in g le r a t e s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e i s p a id
t o a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in t h e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
u al w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be paid ab o v e o r below the sin g le r a te




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s the m in im u m a n d / o r m a x im u m r a te p a id e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on the
m e t h o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h t h e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e of a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , t h e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s of the i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
th e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s of i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n ly
f o r p l a n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of th e lo w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U nder a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e te r m in e d r a te is paid
f o r e a c h un it o f o u t p u t . P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l d s s t h a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e o f v a l u e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n o f a s t a t e d s a l a r y
plus a p e rc e n ta g e .
D ata
tab le B - 7 .

on f r e q u e n c y

of w a g e

paym ent

also

are

p rovided

in

4

T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in I n d i a n a p o l is , In d. , 1 by M a jo r I n d u s tr y D i v i s i o n , 2 D e c e m b e r 1968
N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s

I n d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s
W ithin s c o p e o f st u d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f st u d y ’

P la n t
N um ber

A ll d i v i s i o n s _
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____ ___ ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5__ ___________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _______________ ______________
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e
S e r v i c e s 8_______________________________________

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4 , 140

1 h e I n d ia n a p o lis S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l
T
A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f B o o n e , H a m ilto n , H a n c o c k , H e n d r ic k s , J o h n s o n , M a r io n ,
M o r g a n , a n d S h e lb y C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e an d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d
in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g
o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d i e d , an d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n .
A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t an d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
I n d i a n a p o l is ' g a s u t ilit y i s m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a t e d a n d i s e x c lu d e d by d e fin itio n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
of
d a ta fo r th is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : ( 1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to
p r o v id e en o u gh d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) th e s a m p le w a s not
d e s ig n e d i n it i a l ly to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d "n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o te ls a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t io n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s
an d c h a r it a b le o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A l m o s t t h r e e - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e I n d ia n a p o lis
a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y
g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g :
I n d u s tr y g r o u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ________29
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t an d
s u p p l i e s _________________________ 18
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ___ 11
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d p r o d u c t s — 8
8
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____
F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _____
8
P r in t in g a n d p u b lis h in g __________ 5

A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ______________ 15
M o to r v e h i c l e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ______________________ 14
R a d io a n d T V r e c e iv i n g
e q u ip m e n t ______________________ 9
D r u g s _____________________________ 7
G e n e r a l in d u s t r i a l m a c h i n e r y — 7
C o m m u n ic a t io n e q u ip m e n t_____
6

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu siv e of e arn in g s for o v e r tim e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts.
The p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d ata fo r s e l e c t e d key o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d exes
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
These e stim a te s are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n th e a r e a .

L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C om p u tin g
E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se c o n sta n t w eights r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploy m en ts w h e rev er p o ssib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d th e
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in t h e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y div id in g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y t h e r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :

The in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of ch an ge, a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e i n a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages
m a y h ave r e m a in e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n sta n t, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Electricians
operators, class B
Secretaries
Machinists
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
A and B
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
Clerics, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Pipefitters
Clerics, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Tool and die makers
Clerics, payroll
class B
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls
Laborers, m aterial handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d i n th e d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s
i n I n d i a n a p o l i s , In d. , D e c e m b e r 1968 a n d D e c e m b e r 1967, a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
Indexes
( D e c e m b e r 1960=100)
In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l group

D ecem ber
1968

D ecem ber
1967

P e rc e n ts of in c re a se
D ecem ber
1967
to
D ecem ber
1968

D ecem ber
1966
to
D ecem ber
1967

D ecem ber
1965
to
D ecem ber
1966

D ecem ber
1964
to
D ecem ber
1965

D ecem ber
1963
to
D ecem ber
1964

A ll in d u strie s:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )..
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ___________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________

131. 1
146. 3
141.2
137. 9

123. 0
134. 2
131.7
128. 4

6.
9.
7.
7.

6
1
2
4

5.
6.
6.
3.

0
9
7
7

4.
5.
4.
4.

5
1
6
5

1.
3.
3.
4.

3
9
7
7

3. 4
4. 1
1 .9
3. 5

M a n u factu rin g:
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m e n and women) . ..
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )..
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ___________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________

129.
144.
139.
139.

121.
132.
130.
129.

6. 4
9. 0
7 .0
7 .6

4.
5.
6.
7.

8
9
7
2

4.
5.
4.
3.

1
9
5
6

.
2.
3.
1.

7
5
8
7

2.
4.
1.
2.

5
1
3
0

7
3
2
2

D ecem ber
1962
to
D ecem ber
1963

D ecem ber
1961
to
D ecem ber
1962

D ecem ber
1960
to
D ecem ber
1961

7
4
5
2

Jan u ary
1960
to
D ecem ber
1960

A ll in d u str ie s:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________

2.
3.
4.
5.

3
3
2
2

2.
3.
4.
3.

8
9
5
0

1 .8
3. 0
2. 6
.9

2.
4.
2.
2.

5
2
9
3

M a n u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and women) ..
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________

3.
2.
3.
6.

2
7
7
1

3.
3.
4.
3.

0
8
0
5

1.
3.
2.
2.

2.
4.
2.
3.

3
0
7
3




5
4
6
0

7

A- O ccupational E arnin gs
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st u d i e d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , I n d i a n a p o l is , Ind., D e c e m b e r 1968)
W eek ly e a r n in g s1
(standard )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

A ve rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
{ standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight- time weekly earnings of—
*
55

M ean2

M e d ian 2

M id d le range 2

s

t

*

60

65

$
70

$

*
75

80

S

t

85

90

t

s

95

100

t
135

$

f

%

115

n o

120

t
130

140

t
150

$
160

t

170

%

180

and
under

190
and

60

65

70

-

-

-

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

110

-

115

120

130

140

l
l
l

-

-

42
42
42

12
8
4

4
3
1

150

160

170

180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
11
11

28
12
16

19
5
14

24
14
10

10
6
4

190

over

MEN

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

52
52
44

$
$
$
$
40.0 117.00 122.00 12 0.50-123.50
40.0 117.00 122.00 123.50-123.50
40.0 120.00 122.50 121.00-124.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

160
77
83

40.0 134.50 136.00 114.50-152.00
40.0 141.50 138.50 124.00-159.00
39.5 127.50 134.00 108.00-147.00

-

-

_

-

-

-

1

2

2

-

“

-

“

-

-

1

2

2

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------N O N M i N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

47
25

40.0 114.00 126.50
90 .0 0-133.50
40.0 119.50 130.00 122.50-133.00

_

_

3
2

1
“

1

-

6
-

_

*

2
2

_

*

CLERKS, OROER ------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

212
47
165

40.0 120.50 118.50 110.50-127.50
40.0 130.00 126.50 112.50-152.00
40.0 117.59 118.00 110.00-124.50

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

OFFICE B O Y S --------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

140
41
99
25

39.0
40.0
39.0
39.0

-

15
11
4
~

TABULA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

68
33
35

39.5 140.50 135.00 127.00-149.00
40.0 146.00 141.50 116.00-184.00
38.5 135.50 134.50 130.50-145.00

-

TABULA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

88
46
42

39.5 117.50 104.00
95 .5 0- 14 4. 50
40.0 133.30 127.50 10 4.00-165.00
39.0 101.00
96.50
87 .0 0-103.00

_

_

-

-

TA BULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

47
35

81.50
89.50
78.00
93.50

39.5 105.50
39.0
96.00

79.50
91.00
7 5.50
85.00

97.50
92.00

69.50- 91.00
81.00- 97.00
67 .5 0- 84.50
81 .0 0-112.50

88 .0 0-130.00
86 .5 0-106.50

-

i
>
5
1

-

_

-

-

-

15

22
2
20

“

_

158
38
120
38

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

47

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------See footnotes at end of table,




88.03
40.0
91.50
40.0
40.0
87.00
40.0 104.00

8 6.50
88.50
85.00
94.50

77.50- 96.00
80 .0 0-105.00
74.50- 94.00
92 .0 0-122.00

40.0

98.00

82 .5 0-107.00

106
47
59

99.00
40.0 104.50
98.50
40.0 104.00
4C.0 105.00 102.50

94.50- 11 4. 30
96.50- 11 2. 50
92.50- 11 5. 00

241
74
167
62

40.0
4J.0
40.0
39.5

93.00

85.00
87.50
83.50
73.50

84.00
84.00
84.00
69.00

76.5080.5072.0066.00-

96.00
93.00
96.50
82.50

2
1

1
1

7
7

16
12

3
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
21

9
3
6

17
3
14

24
4
20

44
7
37

48
5
43

14
5
9

18
3
15

6
6
-

3
3
~

4
4
-

_

_

-

-

4
4

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

_

i
i

-

-

-

-

-

”

1
1

-

”

2
1
1
1

i

-

7
2
5
5

l

-

i
>
2
3
2

“

“

“

”

”

_

6
6

3
3
“

-

16
2
14
8

15
7
8
2

~

-

“

~

-

-

~

~

2
1
1

2
1
1

7
6
1

3
2
1

8
4
4

17
2
15

14
5
9

5
3
2

1
1

_

_

_

7

9

-

-

-

-

-

7

9

5
3
2

14
1
13

12
10
2

2
2
“

3
2
1

2
2

6
3
3

5
2
3

5
5
”

2
2
“

11
9
2

5
5
“

3

_

_

"

"

'

_

_

_

6
6

10
9

7
7

2
2

”

9
“

9
”

-

-

4

_

_

_

"

“

26
1
25
23

28
3
25
1

22
9
13
~

22
1
21
21

13
3
10

1

5

4

6

_

_

3

“

-

12

11
8
3
”

~

9
-

-

12
12

-

-

“

-

9

-

6
6
-

20
6
14
5

-

_

5
5
-

5
-

i
1

6
6

_

_

“

4
2

8
2

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

_

10
5
5

15
2
13
~

“

_

-

-

15
2
13

“

-

15
~

-

-

16
2
14
~

18
4
14
7

17
10
7

3

60
28
32
11

~

4
3
1
l

8
7
1
l

”

-

7

4

12

20
5
15

32
26
6

3
1
2

_

22
8
14

15
9
6

26
7
19
2

37
2
35

14
8
6
6

.

_

_

_

-

-

~

*

_

_
'

_

'

_

_

4

5
~
5

.

-

-

'
1
~
1
1

12
2
10

“

2
2
~

_

16
2
14
14

7
7
1
1

“
~

12
5
7
_

-

-

“

“

~

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

_

-

-

“

'

_

"

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st u d i ed on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , I n d i a n a p o l is , Ind., D e c e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

*

$
weekly
hours1
(standard)

55
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

i
60

s
65

t
70

t

i

75

80

t
85

t

i

90

95

t

100

$

t

105

110

t
1 15

t
120

t
130

t

t
1 40

150

s
160

$
170

65

70

“

A
4

1 90

-

and
under
60

i
180

an d

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

1 60

170

180

190

over

1

6
6
i

36
2
34

49
1
48

79
23
56
12
6

70
9
61
16
13

43
8
35
4
27

63
13
50
19
18

65
21
44
18
5

43
14
29
18
-

39
19
20
10

21
9
12
2
-

22
13
„9
9

11
11
-

8
8
-

2
2
-

i
i
-

-

-

-

-

70
40
30
1
3

52
33
19
1
11

20
11
9
2

42
22
20
5
10

16
5
11
4
“

61
39
22
7
9

11
3
8
7
*

5
5
-

A
A
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
A
i

3
3

3
3

3
1
2

5
5

7
1
6

12
3
9

3
3
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

*

-

-

-

14
14
14

_
-

7
7
7

3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

1
1
"

A
A

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
17
-

8
3
5

1
1
-

1
1
-

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

17
1
16

A6
26
20
12
1

25
8
17
16
~

3
3
-

10
10
-

1
1
-

7
7
-

_

_

-

-

WOMEN - CONT IN UE D
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

613
159
454
95
130

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

$
110.00
125.50
1 0 4.50
111 .5 0
105.00

$
1 0 6 .5 0
11 9 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
112 .5 0
10 6 .0 0

$
$
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1 ,151
386
765
112
232

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

87.5 0
9 5 .0 0
84.0 0
86.5 0
83.0 0

85.5 0
9 3 .0 0
8 2 .50
8 1 .0 0
82.0 0

7 6 .0 0 - 95.0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 - 89 .5 0
7 3 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 - 8 8 .5 0

1
1

CLERKS, FILL', CLASS A --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

99
28
71

39.0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

99.0 0
10 3 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

9 1 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
88.0 0

8 2 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

CLERKS, FILL, CLASS B --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

470
381
40
29

3 9 .0
3 9.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 9 .0 0
77.0 0
97.0 0
7 8 .0 0

7 7 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
1 1 0.50
7 9 .0 0

CLERKS, FILF, CLASS C --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

654
59
595

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

7 0 .0 0
82.5 0
6 9 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RFTAIL TRADE --------------------

259
127
132
55

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU8LIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

334
156
178
34
49

C O MP TO ME TE R O P ER AT OR S --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

~
-

4

1
1

9

12

50
5
45
6
15

2
2
1
1

73
15
58
16
9

185
22
163
17
63

125
33
92
17
24

167
32
135
25
42

1 88
52
136
5
A8

129
70
59
6
9

*

_

_
-

2

21
2
19

10
2
8

a

2

14
A
10

7 2 .0 0 - 83.50
7 1 .5 0 - 81 .0 0
7 7 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
7 4 .5 0 - 8 4 .0 0

_
-

26
26
-

37
37
~
1

133
125
7
7

108
90
6
9

74^
55
2
7

43
25
A
A

18
1
~
1

6
-

1
1
-

-

6 8 .5 0
81.5 0
6 8 .0 0

6 5 .0 0 7 2 .0 0 6 4 .5 0 -

-

169
169

227
11
216

159
9
150

35
8
27

29
7
22

7
5
2

15
1A
i

6
2
A

-

-

85.5 0
90.5 0
81.0 0
7 4 .0 0

8 4 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
82.0 0
7 3 .0 0

7 2 .0 0 - 98.0 0
7 4 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
7 1 .0 0 - 90.5 0
6 4 .5 0 - 82 .0 0

4
4
A

27
A
23
11

23
21
2
2

26
9
17
17

15
7
8
3

41
9
32
13

26
13
13
3

14
7
7

31
18
13

9
6
3

13
8
5

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 4 .0 0
1 10.50
98.5 0
1 2 5.50
92.5 0

10 1 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

_
“

6
6
6

~
-

6
i
5
~
A

32
16
16
~

33
3
30
A

36
17
19
~
2

34
18
16
9

13
5
8
i
5

30
23
7
1
3

21
7
14
3
3

10

14
10
A
i
2

-

-

153
67
86
70

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

92 .5 0
102.00
85 .0 0
80.50

89 .0 0
103.00
82.5 0
80.0 0

7 6 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 - 9 3 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 89.50

_
“

_
“

8
8
8

25
7
18
16

16
5
11
11

19
6
13
12

11
3
8
7

16
5
11
11

6
3
3
3

12
9
3
2

7
7
~

15
8
7

3
3
-

8
A
A

2
2
-

i
i
-

A
A
-

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

452
181
271
85

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

99 .0 0
104.50
9 5 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

9 5 . 50
97.5 0
9 4 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

_
“

-

3
~
3
"

16
3
13
8

19
9
10
9

39
10
29
13

51
20
31
2

94
31
63
9

62
33
29
4

AA
10
34
A

27
15
12
A

42
10
32
25

7
6
i
-

13
5
8
1

15
9
6
6

5
5
-

6
-

-

-

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

713
284
429
48
69

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

88.00
98.5 0
80 .5 0
81 .5 0
84 .0 0

8 3.50
91.0 0
81 .0 0
81.5 0
82.5 0

7 7 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
7 4 .5 0 - 86 .0 0
7 6 .0 0 - 87 .0 0
7 6 .5 0 - 91.0 0

_
-

8
8
-

34
2
32
6
2

83
11
72
5
12

124
42
82
8
13

159
37
12 2
16
15

86
45
41
A
9

77
32
45
A
7

37
21
16
3
3

8
5
3
2
. 1

5
5

14
11
3

35
35
-

14
14
-

15
15
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

166
31
135
39

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

75.50
82.0 0
74.0 0
84 .0 0

7 4 .0 0
78 .5 0
73.5 0
7 7 .5 0

6 9 .0 0 - 78 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 88 .5 0
6 7 .0 0 - 77 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

_
-

25
25

21
1
20
A

45
11
34
10

A8
6
42
12

5
A
i
i

A

_

3
2
1

3

_

_

_

-

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

-

-

See footnotes at end of table,




73.0 0
92 .0 0
72.0 0

-

1

-

5
6

2

3
1
1

~

-

_

-

-

3
3

n
6
5
A

“

3

-

7
7
7

5
A
i
i

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

9
9
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

i
i
-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

*

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-




9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Indianapolis, Ind., D e c e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
AV P f P
POf
weekly
hours1
standard) Mean2

I
Median 2

Middle range 2

$

t
55

60

$
65

*
70

t
75

i

t
80

85

t
90

$
95

s
100

t
105

t

t
110

115

*

s
120

130

*
140

*
150

$

i

160

170

s
180

and
under

190
and

60

‘ 70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190 over

-

-

-

14
1
13
2

14
9
5
1
2

71
30
41
3
6

103
42
61
1
12

179
49
130
31
13

160
72
88
7
14

153
59
94
20
10

204
99
105
7
3

207
104
103
20
16

213
112
101
8
5

262
166
96
17
10

229
138
91
31
12

186
129
57
9
2

129
112
17
11
”

161
137
24
12
~

109
104
5
1
*

109
107
2
2
“

37
36
1
~

5 40
506
034
181
107

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
40.5

3
>
$
10 3.00-144.50
111.00-160.50
95 .5 0-125.00
100.50-136.00
92 .0 0-118.00

-

149
78
71

40.0 138.50 134.50 116.00-162.00
40.0 143.50 136.50 116.00-176.00
39.5 132.50 133.50 116.00-156.00

_
-

"

~

_
-

-

_
*

-

6
6

3
3
-

5
5

11
7
4

8
8
-

24
10
14

6
4
2

21
11
10

16
6
10

9
2
7

14
5
9

4
3
1

11
9
2

11
10
1

614
296
318
54
47

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.5

133.00
148.00
119.50
137.50
106.00

126.00
151.00
118.00
137.00
105.00

109.50-158.00
117.50-176.00
107.00-131.00
127.50-153.00
96 .5 0-123.00

_
-

_
-

-

1
1
1

_
-

6
4
2
2

2
2
2

21
4
17
4

48
25
23
11

21
8
13
3
4

63
12
51
3
2

45
17
28
1
5

48
8
40
2
2

86
30
56
8
9

52
7
45
16
5

47
32
15
5
-

28
20
8
7
“

51
36
15
8
-

39
37
2
1
-

30
30
-

26
26
-

935
63 2
303
51
45

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
40.0

132.00
143.00
109.50
114.50
101.50

128.50 109.50-159.00
143.50 121.00-166.50
109.50
99.00-118.50
114. 50 97.50-130.50
89.50-113.50
101.00

_

_
-

_
~
-

1
1
1

1
1
1

7
7
3
3

15
5
10
1
7

48
14
34
7
7

40
10
30
4
3

66
27
39
5

63
30
33
4
-

83
32
51
8
11

68
36
32
3
3

91
62
29
8
~

98
73
25
9
3

72
65
7
4
i

56
54
2
-

93
93

66
64
2
*

67
67
~
~
*

_

“

842
500
342

39.5 108.50 106.50
40.0 114.00 114.00
39.0 100.50
95.50

92.00-122.00
98.00-128.00
89.00-110.00

_
-

-

-

12
1
11

13
9
4

58
26
32

86
37
49

104
31
73

69
34
35

61
24
37

67
50
17

71
47
24

73
58
15

79
70
9

58
47
11

51
26
25

36
36

3
3

-

1
1

~

4 12
156
256
77

39.5
93.00
88.50
40.0
93.5 0 9 1. 50
39.5
93.00
87.00
40.0 112.50 112.50

81.00-104.00
83.50-104.00
79.00-104.50
98.00- 13 2. 50

-

-

4
4

48
8
40
1

36
9
27
4

77
30
47
4

56
26
30
“

36
20
16
5

35
15
20
9

22
12
10
3

29
22
7
7

22
5
17
11

9
5
4
4

13
4
9
4

22
22
22

3
3
3

8 48
5 10
338
82
33

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

110.50 107.50
116.30 116.50
102.00 99.00
110.50 115.50
89.50
94.00

95 .5 0-124.00
98.50-132.00
90 .0 0-115.00
97.00-122.50
84 .5 0-112.00

_

_

-

-

i
i
-

7
1
6
*

10
1
9
2

42
15
27
5
9

64
23
41
2
9

76
51
2b
7

131
54
77
13
2

60
46
14
4
i

65
39
26
i
i

43
16
27
6
9

63
36
27
13
1

127
84
43
20
1

80
65
15
9

32
32

39.5 112.50 108.50
40.0 117.50 112.00

95 .0 0-140.00
96.00- 14 6. 00

-

2

3
1

10
9

2
2

10
5

3
2

6
4

8
6

4
2

1
1

2
2

15
15

_

170
34
136
46

41.0
40.0
41.0
40.0

7 8.50
80.00
7 7.00
81.00

72.00- 89.50
77.50-101.00
70.50- 89.00
72.50- 97.00

15

5

15
"

6
i

319
117

80.50-100.59
79.50- 99.50
81.00-101.00
99.50- 12 5. 00
75.50- 90.00

_
-

36
40

39.5
87.50
91.50
90.50
88.00
40.0
39. 5 91.50
8 7.50
39.5 111.00 112.50
82.50
83.00
40.0

“

_
-

-

39
29

39.5 105.50 110.00
39.0 98.00
97.50

86.00-121.00
83 .5 0-117.50

_

_

~

31
28

39.0
38.5

74.50- 86.00
74.00- 84.50

67
50

202

$
125.00
134.50
111.00
120.00
104.00

80.50
86.00
79.00
82.00

81.00
80.00

$
119.00
130.50
109.00
115.50
102.50

65

82.50
81.50

-

~

~

-

-

_

_

~
~
_

~
-

-

40
40
-

1
1
-

6
6

-

-

_

-

-

-

6

9
9
6

33
33
9

31
18
13
7

16
2
14
3

21
4
17
2

20
2
18
18

1
i
-

8
6
2

1
1

2

-

-

5
-

2

-

-

2

~

_
-

2
2

44
7
37
10

26
23
3
3

64
18
46
12

49
15
34
6

25
23
5
4

28
4
24
10
1

18
5
13
7
4

7
6
i
i

24
8
16
-

6
5
3
2

20
~
20
16

4
4
-

-

_
-

2
2

2
2

5
5

4
4

I
1

3
2

?
1

1
1

_

9
9

6
2

2

1

“

9
9

1
1

13
13

6
4

_

-

2
1

-

_
_

_
-

_

2

-

-

1
1

_

~
”

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

~

~

i
“

-

_

_
~

10
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , I n d i a n a p o l is , Ind. , D e c e m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of--

t

$
55
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

t

60

65

t

*
70

75

$

$
80

85

95

t

(

$

%

90

100

105

t
110

115

$

i

120

$

$
130

140

150

$

$
160

i
170

$
180

and
under

190
and

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

-

9

10

54

-

-

-

-

9

10

54

28
5
23

51
11
40

34
6
28

33
6
27

9
3
6

_

_

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

17
9
8

54
29
25

61
39
22

77
48
29
15

75
50
25
12

71
49
22

69
26
43

35
18
17

26
4

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

4

1
-

2
2

-

-

-

-

3

6
1
5

3
3

-

i

-

1

-

-

-

*

61
39
22
16

21
9
12

30
17
13

19
10
9

27
27

27
27

24
24

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
2

8
1
7

_

_

-

-

105

190 over

WOKEN - C O NT IN UE D
TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

244
38
206

38.5
40.0
38.5

$
82.00
91.50
80.50

$
82.00
88.00
81.00

$
74.0082.0073.00-

568
381
187
63

39.5
98.50
40.0 101.00
39.0
92.50
38.5

95.00
96.00
92.00

85.50- 10 6. 50
86 .5 0-113.00
83 .0 0-102.50
87 .5 0-103.00

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

73.50
79.50
7 2.50

1,242
255
987
44

75.00
80.00
74.00
79.00

$
89.50
97.00
88.50

69 .50- 80.00
72.50- 85.00
69 .00- 78.00

C
_
-

29
-

29

313
40
273
8

406
52
354

186
42
144

147
60
87

3

iz

-

10
4
6

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

0
-

6
6

3

-

3

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w ee k f o r wh ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 The m e a n i s c o m p ut e d f o r ea c h jo b by to ta l in g the e a r n i n g s of a l l w o r k e r s and divi ding by the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
The m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s p o s it i o n — h a l f of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the r a t e shown; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown. The m i d d le ra n g e i s de fin ed by 2 r a t e s of pay ; a fo ur th of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r of t h e s e r a t e s and a f o ur t h e a r n m o r e than the
h ig he r r a t e .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and oth er pu bli c u t il it i e s .
4 M a y in clude w o r k e r s o th er than t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




11
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s s t ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n , I n d i a n a p o l is , Ind. , D e c e m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

S

s

s

*

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of%
l
$
*
l
$
t
t
s
i
»
$
%
i
i
t
170
180
190
120
130
15'' 160
200
220
95
100
110
140
210
230
240
250

woikers

weekly
hours1
[standard)

Me an2

44 2
368

40.0
40.0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G —

276
168

4 U .0 1 4 8 . 5 0
4 0.0 146.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MA NU FA CT UR IN G —
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

205
133
72

40.0
40.0
40.0

ORAFTS ME N- TR AC ER S MA NUFACTURING —

73
44

139
128

Middle range 2

$
$
$
$
184.50 175.50 1 5 6 .0 0 -2 1 1 .5 0
184.00 168.00 15 3 .0 0 -2 2 4 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MA NUFACTURING —

NURSES, INUUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

Median 2

80
and
under

85

90

85

Se x , occup ati on, and in du s tr y di v i si on

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

15 J

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

25 0

260

-

-

—
-

-

—
-

*

2
2

50
50

24
24

56
56

73
57

47
30

24
20

28
ll

25
11

12
12

15
15

13
7

29
29

44
44

_

_

_

_

40
33

46
21

60
34

25
12

28
11

1
1

6
6

16
10

13
13

-

-

-

“

20
19

-

-

9
8

12

-

13
13

2
1
1

24
13
11

44
25
19

45
23
22

49
43
6

19
6
13

l
1

2
2

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
2

6

13
12

2

_

-

l
1

5
5

3
3

1
l

10
10

22
19

30
27

lb
15

23
23

15
15

10
10

8
8

T J
T
S
80

-

143.50
140.50

130.00-162.50
123.50 -1 5 9 .5 0

124.50 124.50
125.00 126.00
124.50 1 2 3 .0 0

113.50-136.00
112.00-136.50
116.50-133.00

_

-

-

-

91.50
94.00

8 6 .00-103.00
86.50-107.00

1
1

4U.0 1 4 4 .0 0 1 4 2 .0 0
4 0.0 145.50 144.00

130.00-159.50
130.50-160.50

40.0 99.00
4 1.0 105.00

13
6

1

20
14

1

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w ee k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m ra t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e we e kl y h o u r s .
2 F o r defini tio n o f t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, t a b le A - l .




12
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , I n d i a n a p o l is , Ind., D e c e m b e r 1968)
A ve rage

A ve rage

Occupation and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
W eekly
hours * earn in gs 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCU PA TI ON S
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---BILLERS, MACHINE IB 00 KKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------

Occupation and industry division

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S
210

38
172
82

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$
95.00
91.50
96.00
112.50

N um ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

W eekly
earn in gs 1
(standard)

- CONT IN UE D
$
92.50

153
67

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------

466
181
285
99

39.5 1 0 0 . 0 0
40.0 104.50
39.0
97.50
40.0 103.00

86

70

1 0 2 .0 0

85.00
80.50

61
38

B O O K KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------

106
47
59

40.0 104.50
40.0 104.00
40.0 105.00

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G - -----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----RETAIL TRADE -----------

713
284
429
48
69

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0

B O O K KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------RETAIL TRADE --------------

241
74
167
62

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

85.00
87.50
83.50
73.50

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSMA NU FA CT UR IN G -----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S

306
72
234
64

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -----RETAIL TRADE -----------

773
236
537
115
135

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.5

115.00
131.00
108.00
116.50
104.50

S E C R E T A R I E S 3----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -PUBLIC UTILITIES
RETAIL TRADE ----

2,542
1,508
1,034
181
107

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----RFTAIL TRADE -----------

1,198
408
790
128
23 2

39.5
40.0
39.5
4 0.0
4 1.0

88.50
95.50
85.00
92.00
83.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

149
78
71

4 . 0 138.50
40.0 143.50
39.5 132.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 3
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 2RETAIL TRADE -----

614
296
318
54
47

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.5

133.00
148.00
119.50
137.50
106.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2'
RETAIL TRADE -----

935
632
303
51
45

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
4u.O

132.00
143.00
109.50
114.50
lf>1.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS U
MA NUFACTURING -----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --

844
502
342

39.5 1 "8•50
40.0 1 14.00
39.0 100.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MA NU FACTURING -----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

416
157
259
80

39.5
93.50
93.50
40.0
93.50
39.5
40.0 113.50

STENOGRAPHERS,

854
516
338
82
33

40.0
43.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

100

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -PUBLIC UT ILITIES
RETAIL TRADE ----

470
381
40
29

28
72

39.0
99.00
40.0 103.00
97.50
39.0
39.0
39.0
4j.O

40.

)

79.00
77.00
97.00
73.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C
MA NU FACTURING ----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -

654
59
595

4^.0

7 0 . 00
82.50

38.5

69. o:

CLERKS, ORDER -----MA NU FACTURING —
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG
RETAIL t r a d e —

471
174
297
71

40.0 1 - 1 . 0 0
4 ; .0 l v l . O ' j
40.0 101.5C
39.5
86.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG PU BLIC UT ILITIES
RE TA IL TRADE ---

357
173
184
4j
49

39.5 106.50
40.0 1 1 3 . 5 0
99. 5 0
39.5
4 j . O 125.5039.5
92.5:

38.3

SENIOR
----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 2
RETAIL TRADE ---manufacturing

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS,
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w ee k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r
c o r r e s p o n d to th e se we e kl y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and oth er public u ti l it i e s .
3 M a y inc lude w o r k e r s oth er than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




CLASS A -------------

Num ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

41.0
40.0
41.0
40.0

$
80.50
86.00
79.00
82.00

OFFICE O C CU PA TI ON S - CONT IN UE D
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

C O MP TO ME TE R OP ERATORS
MANUFA CT UR IN G ----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG —
RETAIL TRADE ---

40.0
96.50
40.0 101.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG —

A ve rage

Occupation and industry division

67
50

8 8 .0 0

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CL AS S B ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

170
34
136
46

SW IT CH BO AR D O P E R A T OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

39.5
90.50
332
89.50
122
40.0
'39.5
91.00
210
44
39.0 135.50
4 3 40.0
82.50

98.50
80.50
81.50
84.00

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

75
37
38

39.5 140.00
40.0 145.00
38.5 135.00

39.0
40.0
39.0
39.5

78.50
86.50
76.00

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
jCLASS B ------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

127
56
71

39.5 114.00
43.0 132.00
39.0 100.00

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
40.5

125.00
134.50

T A B U L A TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

78
63

39.0
39.0

95.50
88.50

T R AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

244
33
206

38.5
40.0
38.5

82.00
91.50
80.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

569
382
187
63

98.50
39.5
49.0 101.00
92.5 0
39.0
38.5
94.00

TYPISTS, C U S S B --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1,242
255
987
44

8 8 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0

120.00
104.00

110.53
1 16.50
132.00
110.50
94.00

39.5 l 12.50
40.0 117.50

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

75.00
80.00
74.00
79.00

PROF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPA TI ON S
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MANUFAC H I R I N G ---------------------

443
368

40.0 184.50
40.0 184.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

276
168

40.0 140.50
4J.0 146.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

231
13 7
94
4)

4O.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

DRAF TS ME N- T; AC ER S -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

75
45

40.0 100.00
40.0 106.00

NURSFS, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

140
129

40.0 144.50
40.0 146.00

121.50
124.00
117.00
105.50

s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s

13
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o ur ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d . o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i ed on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d iv i si o n , In d i a n a p o l is , I nd ., D e c e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rl y e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings 1

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

r2 .2 0
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range2

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .60

3 .80

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .50

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

over

2
2

6
6

8
8

-

-

21
10
It

15
14
1

20
16
4

8
8
-

6
6
-

43
40
3

2

-

8
4
4

2

-

-

-

2

2

and
2 .3 0

CA RP EN TE RS , MAINTE NA NC E —
MANU FA CT UR IN G --------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------

147
119
28

$
4 .0 4
4 .0 6
3 .95

$
4 .0 7
4 .0 9
3 .70

$
3 .6 4 3 .6 5 3 .6 2 -

$
4 .6 3
4 .6 3
4 .5 0

-

ELECTRICIANS, MA IN TE NA NC E
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------

773
687

4 .2 3
4 .2 2

4 .5 2
4 .4 7

3 .7 3 3 .7 2 -

4 .7 5
4 .7 6

_

~

-

-

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY --MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------

207
181

3 .91
4 .0 6

4 .0 3
4 .1 5

3 .4 5 3 .5 1 -

4 .6 5
4 .6 7

_

_

_

FIREMEN, ST AT IO NA RY BOILER --------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

142
137

3 .2 6
3 .2 7

3 .2 0
3 .22

2 .5 0 2 .4 9 -

3 .71
3 .7 2

-

HELPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

185
124

3 .0 9
2 .91

3 .12
3 .01

2 .7 0 2 .6 1 -

3.45
3.18

7
7

61

3 .4 7

3 .8 2

3 .0 8 -

3 .8 6

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TO OLROOM —
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

900
900

4 .4 2
4 .4 2

4 .72
4 .7 2

4 .0 2 4 .0 2 -

4 .7 7
4 .7 7

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENA NC E -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

328
317

3 .9 9
3 .9 9

3.99
3 .98

3 .7 4 3 .7 3 -

4 .1 9
4 .1 8

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MAN UFA CTURING --------------------NONM ANU FAC TUR ING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

770
163
607
563
34

3 .81
3 .74
3 .83
3 .86
3 . 57

3.93
3 .7 6
3 .93
3 .94
3 .7 9

3 .7 3 3 .2 6 3 .8 5 3 .8 9 3 .0 7 -

3 .9 8
4.52
3 .9 8
3 .98
3 .9 6

MECHANICS, MAI NTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

1,022
1,000

4 .0 6
4 .0 7

3 .9 4
3 .94

3 .5 9 3 .6 0 -

4 .7 5
4 .7 5

MILLWRI GHT S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

449
439

4 .3 8
4 .38

4.63
4 .6 3

4 .0 9 4 .0 7 -

4 .6 8
4 .6 8

OILFRS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

193
177

3 .32
3 .3 2

3.51
3 .57

2 .9 5 2 .8 9 -

3 .64
3 .6 5

i
i

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------MAN UFA CTURING ---------------------

118
95

3 .9 5
4 .0 4

4 .0 9
4 .1 2

3 .5 3 3 .5 9 -

4 .5 3
4 .5 4

_

PIPEFITTERS, MAI NTENANCE ----------MAN UFA CTURING ---------------------

346
336

4 .2 2
4 .2 4

4 .3 3
4 .3 9

3 .8 1 3 .8 7 -

4 .6 6
4 .6 6

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MAN UFA CTURING ---------------------

106
106

4 .4 3
4 .4 3

4 .6 2
4 .6 2

4 .2 0 4 .2 0 -

4 .6 7
4 .6 7

TOOL AND til M A K E R S ----------------MAN UFA CTURING ---------------------

870
870

4 .4 3
4 .4 3

4 .4 8
4 .4 8

4 .0 2 4 .0 2 -

4 .9 3
4 .9 3

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

10
-

9
9

10
“

4
4

-

5
5
8
8

-

3
3

_

1
1

1
1

1

-

-

23
22

28
28

31
29

23
13

121
118

45
43

72
69

18
10

.66
10

262
262

73
73

"

-

l
1

2
2

24
24

23
23

2
*

15
14

20
17

14
14

1
1

48
48

17
17

4
4

1
l

2
2

27
27

3
3

-

-

11
11

-

-

11
11

-

"

-

-

1
1

4
i

38
2

_

-

-

-

_

-

36

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
24

2
2

10
10

_

5
5

4
4

7
6

2
2

8
8

9
5

16
16

_

-

_

_

“

-

21
13

14
11

4
4

14
14

10
8

4
4

14
11

26
26

17
15

6
4

5
3

-

-

8

3

-

-

2

-

3

-

2

2

2

-

3

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

11
11

7
7

23
23

12
12

11
11

32
32

42
42

75
75

38
38

51
51

14
14

510
510

66
66

_

-

2
2

i
i

5
5

17
17

3
3

19
19

12
12

7
5

30
30

77
77

80
79

20
12

9
9

22
22

26
26

_

8
i
7

72
12
60
69

6
6

5
5

27

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

56
4
52
52

13
13

-

434
16
418
403

29
29

-

52
44
8
2

9

-

-

-

-

290
290

11 4
114

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

25
17
8
8

17
16
1
-

14

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

*

“

26
25

2
2

30
30

25
16

39
38

70
70

47
47

5
5

i

i

16
16

10
10

-

22
22

*

217
216

1
1

~

6
6

-

-

14
-

9
9

4
4

5
5

8
8

19
19

5
5

4
4

-

8

27

-

8

li

4

_

-

6

-

2
2

-

5
5

-

*

i
i

1 Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




_
-

-

1

1

-

27
27

-

9
8

30
30

287
287

32
32

5
4

2

3
2

23
18

2
2

6
6

5
5

4
4

37
34

17
17

8
8

15 8
1 58

_

1
1

2
2
12
12

8

2
2

_

13
13

5
5

9
9

61
61

4
4

-

8
8

109
1 09

92
92

72
72

22
22

370
370

_

b

8

-

7
7

106
106

1
-

-

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e ho ur ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a ti o n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s tr y d iv i s i o n , I n d i a n a p o l is , Ind. , D e c e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o ur ly e a r n i n g s of—

H ourly e a r n in g s2

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv i si o n

N um ber
of
workers

s
U nde r
M e an 3

M e d ia n 3

M iddle ran ge 3

1.60

$

3.07

3.12
1.75

$
1.752.5 8 1.7 0 -

3.21

3.30

94.

2.28

2.25
2 . 15
2.62
1.75
2.61
1.85

1.732.2 7 1.6 6 2.2 5 1.75-

2.69
3.27
2.05
3.02
2.06

1.642.1 9 1.652.0 0 1.65-

1.97
3.31
1.76
2.29
1.86

3.80
r .v. .

2.352.4 1 2. 183.1 5 1.86-

3.55
3.44
3.50
3.85
2.69

2.60
2.86
3.09

2.69
2.57
2.87
3.53

2 . 3 6 - 3.28
2 .3 5 - 2.85
2 .5 1 - 3.52
2 .2 8 - 3.59

55 6
459
97

2.60
2.72
2.33

2.68
2.12

2.3 9 - 3 . 0 j
1 .6 6 - 2.29

581
477
104

2.12

? . 14

1.80

1.85

1 .8 9 - 2.27
1 .9 5 - 2.28
1 .7 2 - 1.92

183

2.89
2.94

t
2.70

1.80 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2.2 0 2 .3 0

2. 4 0

2.50 2 .6 0

2 . 8 0 2 . 90 3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0 3 . 2 0

20
15

18
17

15
13

34
23
11

60
42
18

64

u UAKUj
10
28
10
1

596

**

l

15

l

10

23

42

51

26

$
3.59
3.75
1.79

28
97

228
82
156

87
19
68

61
35
26

115
110

113

146
140

3

22 2
179
43
28

75

36

315
230
85
34
20

23
19

12
12

12
12

1

231

10

GUARDS:

6

WATCHMEN:
JANITORS, PORTERS,

JANITORS, PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS ----

AND CL EANERS
756

1.68

1.73
2.22
1.73

1.67
2.07
1.71

3,517
1,772
1,655

2.91

3.07
3.04

2.90

fi

r UUL1C U1 1L 1 1 1L j

1.86

659
6*5
bw

2.33

1,152
57 5
577

,

29

2.73

2.91
2.78
2.95
2.82

13 3
127

3 07
3.06

2.94
2.94

2.6 7 2 .68-

121

3.08

3.16
3.22

MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------------------- -

3.69
3.63

3 .0 7 - 3.85
3 .0 8 - 3.75
3 .0 7 - 3.85

K t I A IL

IK A U t

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of tabli




28
67

664

67

65 8
2
28

16

1

44 2
29
37

156

131

89

155
68
77
ii
25

76

29

535
51
38 5

165

2,598
5 55
2,055
1,055
579

3.38
3.05

38

13

37

76

35

8

36
25

105
30
74

■>
12
158
«0
78

3

$

3.60

1
i
$
3.80 4 .00 4 .20

68
39

153
19
125

2.70

23
18

11

40
10
30
11

58
58

14

13

22

10

175

58

i

48

50
11
39
34

371
371

104
104

1

-

10

21

65
47
18
12
1

69
51
18
18

1
1

129
44
85

135
95
39

121
97
24

40
24
16

97
51
46

42
21
13

213
195
18

388
93
295
76

295
43
2 52
176

2 35
169
66
56

641
6 14
27

83
1
79

18
41
20
21
1

14
13

30
20
10

37
30

215
27
188
108

52
52

12
12

54
54

33
33

62
62

61
36
25

24
22

23

111

20

25

n

26
15
11
11

51

35

48
45

52
22

31

79
67
12

85

23
20

17

22
12
10

29
24
5

15

38
19

39
29

22
10

130
130

20

60
44
16

66
32

123
98

13
1l

15
12

20 2
201

8
8

12
11

22
22

8
8

3 '

uJ
1

37
25
12
2

15
11

12
11

13
13

12
11

i

1

21

85

179
164
15

20

2
1

19
12

26
8
18

32
32

14
11

13

15
15

13
10

13
8

22
4
18

12

18

12

-

21
12

44
5
39
39

106
24
82

35

66
20
46

25

36

35
-

2

1
13
13

18
18

8

-

56

21
21

14
8

15
10

25
24

109
23
86

153
9
144
45

15
14

209
75
134

5
15

15

331
331
331

1
.

2

15

-

77

93
60
33

75
72

50

3

-

-

11
11

55
45
10
1

39
12
27
12

1

-

3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 over

32
32

11

34
24
10

62

12
23

24

175
175

i

19

26
18
8

16

l

1

IS

3.60

8

27
12
12

29

3.40

ANU
22
21

0

107

3.13
3.15

2 .3 6 - 3.80

%
t
3 .2 0 3.40

13

2 .6 3 - 3.51
2 .6 8 - 3.52
2 .5 8 - 3.39

47

$
3.10

and

2 .5 7 - 3.11
2 .5 7 - 3.33
2 .5 9 - 3.06
2 .5 5 - 3.05

h A 1vllnL

t
t
1
2 . 80 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0

and
i 60 u nde r

1 .6 8 - 2.68

2.26
2.69
1.88
2.61
1.89

$
$
(
2.40 2.50 2.60

2 .6 6 - 3.76

3,571
1,61 j
1,861

t
2.30

$

1.70
$

$
i
$
t
*
%
1 . 7 0 1 . 8 0 i . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2 10 2 . 2 0

41
16
25

113
23
90
5

34
3
31

50
5
45
33

1

8

8

505 1009
24
2 63
985
242
846
153
89
124

14
14

12
12

15

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s try d iv is io n , In d ia n a p o lis , Ind. , D e c e m b e r 1968)
H ourly earnings

2

N u m b e r o f w o rk e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

M e an 3

M e d ian 3

M iddle ran ge 3

$
i
1 .7 0
it ^
U nder 1 -6 0
*
and
1 * 6 0 u n der

$
1 .8 0

S

1 .7 0

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s try d iv isio n

N um ber
of
workers

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2100

-

-

15

5

10

-

-

-

-

15
5

5
“

10
10

5
5
5

8
8

12
4
8
8

7

21
12

7
7

9
9

i
f
«
1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0

2 .1 0 2 .2 0

2 .3 0

%
2 .3 0

S

S

2 .4 0 2 .5 0

2 . A0 2 .5 0

2 .6 0

f

*
2 .6 0

2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 C

2 .9 0

3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0

$
$
3 .0 0 3 .1 0

t
*
i
3 . 2 0 3 . A0 3 . 6 0

3 . A0 3 . 6 0

$
i
i
3 .8 0 A .00 A .20

3 . 8 0 A .00 4 . 2 0

over

T R U C K D R I V E R S 5 - CO NT IN UE D
TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ---------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

A03
78
325
120

$
3 . 1A
2 .8 5
3 .2 2
3 .0 5

$
3 .6 1
2 .7 3
3 .6 3
3 .6 5

$
2 .6 2 2 .6 0 2 .7 7 2 .2 5 -

TRUCKDRIVERS, ME DIUM (1-1/2 TO
ANO INCLUDING A TONS) ----------------MA NUFACTURING ------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------

805
178
62 7
187

3 .1 1
3 .1 3
3 .1 0
2 .5 7

3 . 1A
3 .5 7
3 .1 3
2 .3 8

2 .6 5 - 3 .6 2
2 . 3 8 - 3 .6 5
2 . 8 1 - 3 .5 7
2 .3 1 - 2 .9 0

-

-

-

-

778
5G
728
507
172

3 .7 A
3 .5 A
3 .7 5
3 .8 A
3 .5 A

3 .8 A
3 .5 5
3 .8 A
3 .8 5
3 .8 3

3 .8 1 3 .2 9 3 .8 1 3 .8 2 3 .7 3 -

3 .8 7
3 .6 A
3 .8 7
3 .8 8
3 .8 7

-

-

-

-

387

3 .7 7

3 .8 1

3 .7 5 - 3 .8 6

-

1 ,3 0 2
1 ,1 8 6
1 16

3 .3 5
3 .3 5
3 .5 4
3 .6 0

2 .8 7 2 .8 A 2 .5 2 2 .A 9 -

3 .5 6
3 .5 5
3 .6 6
3 .6 5

-

88

3 .1 7
3 . 18
3 . 10
3 .0 5

219
16A

3 .2 2
3 .3 1

3 .1 3
3 .3 3

2 . 9 3 - 3.5 A
2 . 9 9 - 3 .6 1

-

TRUCKORIVCRS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILFR TYPE) -----------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 4------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ---------------TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -----------------MA NU FACTURING ------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------RETAIL TRADE 7 ------------------------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------.
---------------------

1
2
3
4
5

$
3 .6 7
3 .2 3
3 .6 9
3 .7 5

*

-

*

*

“

“

2
2

i

9
9

2

-

-

-

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - 1.
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .




-

-

26
16
10
“

16
16

22
5
17
17

9A
20
7A
63

10
10
10

25
4
21
21

5
5

~

16
11
5
“

18
3
15
*

5
2
3
“

10
4
6
6

“

12
7
5
5

16
16
"

31
1
30
21

8A
9
75
3

1A1
3
138
1

-

12

6

12

-

-

9

15

~

3

-

9

15

~

-

3

*

i
-

6
6
6

~

9

15

3

-

-

2

-

12
A
8
3

3

-

-

-

19
19
19

“

"

17
16
1
1

6
6
-

-

“

“

21
19
2
2

18
10

65
52
13
13

98
84
1A
1A

19
16

1
1

4
4

15

2
2

3
3

8
8

8

~

3

87
87

73
63
10

36
36

*

~

“

-

18
18

38
6

-

2A

8

~

-

212

99
22
77
*

102
80
22
22

73

1A

631

i
i

51

8
1
7

629
505
12A

-

-

-

2

*

-

3

-

9
9
-

12

2
A7
47

2

17
11
6
6

6

2

_

-

212
60

-

*

-

116
3
113

-

-

6
-

-

17

151

217

-

26
2A
2
2

175
175

A17
A09

12
4

-

~

171
126
A5
45

“

“

19
19

19
19

35
35

13
13

15
15

13
13

-

8

8

-

16
B.

E sta b lish m e n t P ra c tic e s and S u p p lem en tary W age P ro v isio n s

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office W orkers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s st u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , I n d i a n a p o l is , In d. , D e c e m b e r 1968)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p i s t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37 V
z

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o fA ll
sc h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37 Vz

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d ___________________________________

218

91

XXX

127

XXX

XXX

218

91

XXX

127

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f ie d m in im u m ________________

74

27

26

47

9

35

83

32

31

51

11

37

U n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 ........................... ................................................................. .
$ 6 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 __________________________________
$ 6 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 __________________________________
$ 6 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 50________ __________________________
$ 6 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 00 __________________ _______________
$ 7 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 __________________________________
$ 7 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 __________________________________
$ 7 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 __________________________________
$ 7 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 _________ ____________________ ____
$ 8 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 . 50__________________________________
$ 82. 50 a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 __________________________________
$ 8 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 . 50_____________________________ _____
$ 8 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 ____________________ ____ _________
$ 9 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 50_____________ ____ _______ ____ ____
$ 9 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 _____________________ _______ _____
$ 9 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 97 . 50__________________________________
$ 9 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 ________________________________
$ 1 0 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 2 .5 0 _______________________________
$ 1 0 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 5 .0 0 _______________________________
$ 105. 00 a n d u n d e r $ 107. 50__________________ ______ ______
$ 107. 50 a n d u n d e r $ 110. 0 0 _______________________ ________
$ 1 1 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 112. 50_______________________________
$ 112. 50 a n d o v e r ___________________________________________

1
3
14
9
8
11
3
3
3
6
2
3
2

_
1
3
3
4
2
2
3
4
-

_
3
3
4
2
2
3
4
-

1
2
1
1
2
1
1
-

-

-

1
3
18
7
6
4
1
2
2
2
2
2

_
2
5
2
1
1
-

-

1
4
23
11
7
8
4
3
3
5
2
2
2

5
4
1
4
3
1
3
3
-

-

1
1
9
4
7
3
1
1
1
2
2
2

_
1
5
4
1
4
3
1
3
3
-

-

1
2
11
6
8
7
1
1
2
2
3
2

1
1
13
3
6
3
1
2
1
2
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
3
3

-

-

1

-

1

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n im u m ______________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y _________ ______________________________________

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
3
1

-

-

1

-

1

3
1

3
1

-

-

-

“

-

41

25

XXX

16

XXX

XXX

60

38

XXX

22

XXX

XXX

103

39

XXX

64

XXX

XXX

75

21

XXX

54

XXX

XXX

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g ( h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




-




17

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
I n d i a n a p o l is , In d . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
J _ A l^ j> la n t_ w o r k e r s_ ^ iw n a n u fa c tu r in g _ = ^ O O jD e r c e n t)_ ^ ^ ^ _ ^ _ _ _ _ ^ _ ^ _
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

L a t e - s h ift p ay p r o v isio n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r la te s h ifts

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n l a t e s h i f t s

S eco n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

S e co n d sh ift

86. 3

25. 1

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

5. 8

T o t a l ____________________________________________

9 1 .9

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t ______

0. 8

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t __________

91. 1

86. 3

25. 0

5. 8

37. 0

32. 3

8. 9

2. 8

2. 4
1. 3
1. 8
1. 4
2. 1
1. 7
1. 4
12. 6
2. 4
1. 1
. 8
4 .6
3. 5
-

1. 6
.9
. 5
1. 4
2. 2
1. 4
2. 9
1. 4
2. 0
2. 0
9. 3
3. 5
1. 4
1 .4
.4

.2
. 3
. 5
. 5
. 5
. 5
.4
2. 4
. 6
. 3
. 1
1. 4
1. 2
-

-

0. 1

-

T y p e an d am o u n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:
U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) __________________

-

_
. 2
(2 )
. 3
.4
. 1
. 1
. 3
. 3
. 5
. 3
. 1
. 3
(2 )

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ________________________

49. 2

28. 1

15. 1

2. 8

5 p e r c e n t _________________________________
7 V p e r c e n t _______________________________
2
8 p e r c e n t _________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ________________________________
1 2 V2 p e r c e n t ______________________________
2 0 p e r c e n t ________________________________

25. 7
5. 5
. 5
16. 3
1. 1
-

4. 8
4 1 .3
1. 1
. 8

10. 0
.7
(2 )
4. 0
. 3
-

.2
~
2. 3
. 2
. 1

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _________________

4. 9

6. 0

.9

. 2

5 c e n t s ____________________________________
6 c e n t s ___________________________________
7 c e n t s ____________________________________
7 V c e n t s ________________________________ •_
2
8 c e n t s ____________________________________
9 c e n t s ____________________________________
9 V c e n t s _________________________________
2
10 c e n t s ___________________________________
12 c e n t s ___________________________________
1 3 c e n t s ___________________________________
14 c e n t s _______________________ ___________
15 c e n t s ___________________________________
16 c e n t s ___________________________________
17 V c e n t s ________________________________
2
2 0 c e n t s ___________________________________
2 5 c e n t s ___________________________________

-

1 I n c l u d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r l a t e s h i f t s e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t .

18

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , I n d i a n a p o l is , I n d ., D e c e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
W ee k ly h o u r s

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------------

AU
Indus trie s

100
2
3

40 h o u r s __________________________________
45 h o u r s --------------------------------------------O v e r 45 an d u n d e r 48 h o u r s ---------------O v e r 48 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

78
4
6
( 5)
4
i

2

M an u fac tu rin g

100

( 5)
1

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P ublic
utilitie s 3

100

100

4

9
12

84
4
8

96

-

-

1
2

R e ta il trad e

-

55
9
5
2
7
2

Ail
indu stries

100
i

15
3
79
1
1
( 5)

.
*

M an u factu rin g

100

( 5)
1
97
( 5)
1
( 5)

P ublic
utilitie s 3

100

R e ta il trad e

100
5

3
2
95
_

91
1
2

-

-

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e tHe w e e k ly h o u r s w h ich a m a jo r i t y o f th e f u l l- t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c te d to w o rk , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id fo r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t.




Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , I n d i a n a p o l is , I n d ., D e c e m b e r 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
I te m
AU
in du stries

A ll w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------

1

M an u fac tu rin g

P ublic
u tilities 2

R e ta il trad e

All
indu stries 3

M anufacturing

P ublic
u tilities 2

R e ta il trad e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

93

99

96

79

99

100

99

97

4

21

( 4)

“

8
39
5
21
1
-

(4 )
20
6
8
18
4
2
1
(4)
11
1
1
11
9
4
(4 )
4

(4 )
6
3
1
16
1
3

7

( 4)

(4)

3

2
11

1
62
7

N um ber of d ay s
L e s s th a n 6 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------------6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ----------------------------7 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y -----------------------------7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s ----------------------------7 h o lid a y s p lu s 4 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------------10 h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------------10 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -------------------------------------11 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________________
12 h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

2
19
1
(4 )
16
1
2
1

1
8
-

1
9
1
3
-

6
1
-

47
9

-

-

-

-

-

14
(4 )
1
15
16

18

4

1
25
27

27
2
3
1

-

-

-

(4)
4

-

-

~

-

-

6

-

1

-

-

53
10

-

5
9
8
-

-

-

13
(4 )
1
26
22

13
7
4
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

“

“

6
-

T o t a l h o lid a y tim e 5
12 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------11 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------- —
10 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------8 l/z d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------8 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------7 Vz d a y s o r m o r e - --------------------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------6 l/z d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------6 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s o r m o r e __________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------------3 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------------2 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------------1 d a y o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------------------

4
4
20
37
38
54
55
71
72
91
91
91
92
92
93

6
6
33
59
59
81
81
91
91
98
98
99
99
99
99

_

_

-

-

5
15
42
42
89
90
96
96
96
96
96
96

-

4
5
26
31
70
70
70
74
74
79

4
8
17
29
31
44
48
74
79
98
98
98
98
99
99

10
10
32
58
58
74
75
91
93
99
99
100
100
100
100

_

_

-

-

4
21
34
34
87
98
99
99
99
99
99
99

15
23
28
34
96
96
96
96
97
97

-

1 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th an 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 A ll c o m b in a t io n s \of fu ll an d h a lf d a y s th a t ad d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r tio n of w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g a to ta l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith
9 fu ll d a y s a n d no h a lf d a y s , 8 *fu ll d a y s an d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu ll d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on. P r o p o r t io n s th en w e r e c u m u la te d .




20
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind. , D e c e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o l ic y

A l l w o r k e r s _________________________ ________

All
industries 2

Manufacturing

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Public
utilities 3

Retail trade

All ^
industries 4

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 3

Retail trade

100

100

100'

100

100

100

100

100

98
84
14
-

99
78
21
-

97
97
-

98
92
6
-

99
98
1
-

99
98
1
-

99
99
-

100
93
7
-

2

1

3

2

(5)

1

18
9
( 5)
3

21
6
5

20
-

23
9
-

5
51
2
8

2
43
5
18

35
-

49
10
-

82
1
15
-

85
2
12
-

80
17
-

82
16
-

27
72
i
( 5)

16
80
2
-

81
19
-

79
21
-

43
11
44
1
-

59
15
24
1
-

31
66
-

11
8
79
-

6
(5)
92
1
(5)

8
89
2
-

14
(5 )
85
-

6
2
93
_
-

8
28
61
1
(5)

9
45
45
1
-

1
96
-

5
8
86
-

2
2
96
_

-

-

1
76
19
3
-

99
-

-

1
(5)
89
8
2
(5)

-

-

6
36
55
2
-

1
96
-

5
8
86
-

2
2
96
-

-

-

1
76
19
3
-

_
_
99
-

-

1
(5)
89
8
2
(5)

-

-

_
90

1
8
77

(? )
(5)
71
7
20
1
(5)

53
14
30
2

M eth o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ____________________ _________ ____
L e n g t h - o f- t i m e p a y m e n t _____________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t_____________ ____ ________
O t h e r __________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s _______________ _______ _______

(5 )

-

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ._____ ______________________________
1 w ee k ___ ____ _____________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek_____________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____________________
2 w e e k s ........... ...................... ............................... .....................
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________
A fte r 2 y e a r s o f se r v ic e
1 w eek_____________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ____ 1_____________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ..................................... ........
3 w e e k s __________________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________
A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ee k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ..................... ..................... .
3 w e e k s _____ _____________________ ____ __ _______
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________
A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ___ ______ ___________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s . ____ _________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________ _________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________

5
23
68
1
(5 )

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ________ ______________________________ _____
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ......................... ....................
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s .................. ...........................
3 w e e k s ......................................... ................. ...........................
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______ _______ _______
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le .




(5 )
2
81
6
8

(5 )
(5 )
81
11
7

-

-

~

-

-

7

12

-

-

(5 )

_

87

2
2
84

_

_

13

13

-

-

-

-

21

Table B-5. Paid V acations1 Continued
—
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , I n d ia n a p o lis , In d. , D e c e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Public
utilities 3

A
H
industries 4

Public ,
utilities 3

AU ,
Industries z

Manufacturing

(5 )
22
18
53
3
1

( 5)
15
30
47
5
2

i
96
-

i
38
59
-

(5)
23
(5)
62
9
5

(5 )
i i
(5)
56
22
10

_
6
_
94
_
-

2
24
_
75
_

(5 )
18
18
57
3
1

(5)
9
30
53
5
2

1
96
-

1
38
59
-

(5)
21
(5 )
64
9
5

(5)
9
(5 )
58
22
10

_
4
_
96
-

2
24

(5 )
12
(5 )
68
8
9
1

(5)
5
(5 )
73
13
7
1

_
61
6
29
-

1
33
60
5
-

(5 )
6
(5 )
75
2
16
1

(5 )
4
(5)
58
4
31
2

86
2
12
-

(5)
12
33
(5 )
48
3
1

( 5)
5
42
1
45
5
1

6
91
-

1
33
18
47
-

(5 )
6
38
51
2
2

(5 >
4
23
63
6
3

(5 )
18
82
-

(5 )
12
30
49
3
3
1

(5)
4
38
46
6
3
1

_
6
90
2
-

i
33
15
49
-

(5 )
5
22
66
2
5
-

(5)
2
15
67
6
8
-

(5)
12
30
47
3
3
3

(5 )
4
38
46
4
(5)
5

_

1
33
15
40

(5)
5
22
63
2
6
2

(5 )
2
15
67
4
6
5

Retail trade

Manufacturing

Retail trade

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6— C o n tin u ed
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k _____________ _______________________ _____
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________ ______ ______
3 w e e k s _______ ____________ ___ _______ ______ _____
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w e e k s ______________ _____ ________________ _____
A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ._____ ________________ ______________________
2 w e e k s ___ _____________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s . ________ _____________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________

u

_

75
_
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek __________________ _________ _________________
2 w e e k s ____ ___________ __________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s .............. ...................... ..................................................
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s . ____ _________________
4 w e e k s _______ ________ _____ ________ ____________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ______________________

_
(5 )

2
15
_
81
2
-

A f te r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k _____________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________ _____ ________ _____ ____ ______
3 w e e k s _____ _________ _________ ___________ ______
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ______________________
5 w e e k s ____ ______________________________________
A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k _____________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
4 w e e k s ____ ____ ______________ ____________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ______________________
5 w e e k s ___________________________________________
6 w e e k s ___________________________________________

_

_
(5 )
18
82
(5 )

2
15
23
60
_
2
15
9
74
_
-

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i l a b l e 7
1 w eek_____________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________ ___________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
4 w e e k s .............. ......................................................................
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ____ ________________
5 w e e k s ___________________________________________
6 w e e k s ___________________________________________

-

6
90
-

-

2
-

9
-

_
(5 )
18
82
_

(5 )

2
15
9
52
_

-

22

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p la n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p l a n s su c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s a n d t h o s e p l a n s w h ich o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith
q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l o f su c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , an d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t o th e r th an " le n g th o f tim e , " su c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r te d to a n e q u iv a le n t tim e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a te d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s, th e
p r o p o r t io n e l ig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e e l ig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
7 E s t i m a t e s o f p r o v i s i o n s f o r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e a r e id e n tic a l.




22
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 I n d i a n a p o l is , In d . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________

All
in d u strie s

_____ __

w o rk e rs in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s sh o w n b e l o w ____

2

M a n u fac tu rin g

P ublic
utilitie s 3

R e ta il trad e

An

.

indu stries *

M an ufacturin g

100

100

100

100

100

100

P ublic
u tilitie s 3

100

R e ta il trad e

100

___

97

100

97

93

99

100

99

95

L i f e i n s u r a n c e _____________ ____ ___________
A c c id e n t a l d e a th a n d d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ____________________________________
S i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5 _____
— ________

95

98

95

89

97

98

96

93

66

74

83

43

74

75

85

64

85

94

74

72

92

95

99

86

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e _________
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r io d ) ______
_ _ ___ __ ___
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) ___________________________

76

91

44

62

58

87

38

72

13

9

41

10

67

73

49

31

13

10

6

18

10

7

33

7

H o s p it a li z a t i o n in s u r a n c e ______ ___________
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e ____________________________
______ ___ _____
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e _____
C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e _______________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n . _______ ___
___

96
96
89
71
79

99
99
96
75
88

97
97
96
84
78

90
90
77
62
67

99
99

99
99
95
88
94

99
99
98
95
88

94
94
65
77
75

86
90
91

I n c lu d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t th o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ,
an d r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e p l a n s a r e li m it e d to t h o s e w h ich d e fin ite ly
e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c te d by e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




Table B-7.

Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment

( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y m e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
and f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t, I n d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., D e c e m b e r 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
I te m

A ll w o r k e r s _________________________________

All
in d u strie s 2

M an u fac tu rin g

P u b lic
u tilities 3

R e ta il trad e

A
H

in d u strie s4

M an ufacturin g

P ublic ,
u tilities 3

R e ta il trad e

100

100

100

100

100

84
69
29
40

77
73
34
39

100
100

93
51
7
44

99
71

16

16

31

14

5

-

41

-

12

11

4

18

57

67

22

24

12

12

16

15
16

5
23
9
7

13
42
7

8

12

28
( 5)

19

18
9

9
67

-

-

100

100

100

100

100

91
9
81

33

M eth o d o f w a g e d e te r m in a tio n 1
P a id tim e r a t e s ---------------------------------------------F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y -----------------------------------S in g le r a t e -------------------------------------------R a n g e o f r a t e s -------------------------------------P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d in g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e _____________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
r e v ie w -------------------------------------------P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a tio n o f le n g th of
s e r v i c e an d m e r i t r e v ie w ___________
N o f o r m a l r a t e p o lic y -------------------------------P a id b y in c e n tiv e m e th o d s ______________________
P i e c e r a t e -------------------------------------------------I n d iv id u a l---------------------------------------------P r o d u c t io n b o n u s_____________________________
I n d iv id u a l---------------------------------------------G ro u p ---------------------------------------------------C o m m i s s i o n ----------------------------------------------

6
5

1

48
52

-

2

1
1

1

70

99
80
( 5)
80

1

33
-

M eth o d o f d e te r m in in g in c e n t iv e p a y of
o ffic e w o r k e r s not p r e s e n t e d

2
6
2

10

-

-

"

“

5

89

94

58
42
( 5)
-

3

F r e q u e n c y o f w a ge p a y m e n t

8

( 5)
3
O th e r f r e q u e n c y ---------------------------------------------

2

-

5

94

6

-

-

42
28

22
8

30

22
33
15

1 F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e th o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n , s e e In tr o d u c tio n .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

3
4
5




66

33
(s )

94

6
-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l t o - b ill in g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o lv e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s an d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s of s a l e s and c r e d it s l ip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y h and.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o lv e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; an d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; an d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l ly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t in g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , an d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s an d e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , an d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p an d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n fu se d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p to m e te r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b an k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g an d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o r k i s s u b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f il e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

24

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; an d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a tio n to be p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

25
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to pu n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n ch ta b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f ie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u ir e l i t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a t a to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a tio n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y— C o n tin u e d
d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of a l a r g e an d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E BOY OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u tin e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a . S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to one of th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l ly d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , an d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s ro u tin e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e te c h n ic a l in q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , an d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r an d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e ro u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , an d p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to th e w o rk of th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
of p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u lly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
ro u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in it io n s f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o se o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a tiv e of t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s it i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e no t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la ss A
over

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r s e g ­
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
fe w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o F a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th an
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k il le d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r th a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k . (S e e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; an d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p an d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; an d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g an d r o u tin g in c o m in g m a il ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o rk .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u l t ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e sw itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu l l te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d itio n to d o in g
r o u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w hen the e s t a b li s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , an d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u l t ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e sw itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le ro u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
if th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

26
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n ito r - ty p e s w itc h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o rk . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d ta b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s ty p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in tr a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk an d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e of so m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , ta b u la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a l l ta b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s an d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y du ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tra n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y an d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e by a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s an d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g an d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l fo r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l la b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity an d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u tin e ty p in g of f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N ---- C o n t in u e d

D R AFT SM AN

C l a s s A . P la n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , an d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts an d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n of a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s an d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , an d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W ork m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D RA FT SM A N - T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s an d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
an d/ or
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d it e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

W ork i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

N U R S E , IN D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s * in ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s a n d h e a lth e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g an d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , an d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPEN TER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t an d m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d la y in g o ut o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r * s h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e le c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

27
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r in g an d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a tin g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
an d c h e c k s w a t e r an d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o il , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k il le d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o rk th e
h e lp e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d to o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f one o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , an d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g an d lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s an d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it te n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up an d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
an d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o r k .in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g




M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
of th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t lin g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d i s m a n t l e s an d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u sin g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l lin g an d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W ork in ­
v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e of s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t
a p p lic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; an d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e a n d p ip e fit t in g s in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r in g to l o ­
c a te p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u tt in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W ork in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g i n s t a l la t io n o f v e n ts an d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (su c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l ro o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
out a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of

28
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R --- C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , an d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s an d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p an d o p e r a tin g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e le c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , an d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o rk .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t of w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GU A RD AND W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l ic e d u t ie s , e i t h e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te an d
c h e c k o n id e n tity of e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s an d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of tr a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a te ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f il e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i fy in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s of
s h ip m e n ts a g a i n s t b i l l s of la d in g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

th e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
an d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR CLEA N ER

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s an d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , an d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in do w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d ship/S a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RD ER,

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b li s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
to f il li n g o r d e r s an d in d ic a tin g it e m s f il le d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )
TRUCKER,

PACKER,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s fo r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u po n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r of
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t. W ork r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f it e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s an d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w ho a l s o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k lift )

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t the
r e q u e s t o f the Wage an d H our an d P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f ic e , W ashin gton , D . C . , 204 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
Area
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 ---------------------A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1968
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 * ---Allen tow n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
B
E
N.
J u n e 1968 1a._________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1968 l .
B a l t i m o r e , Md. , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 *
Beaum ont— o rt A rth ur— ran g e, T e x . , May 1968*
P
O
B i n g h a m to n , N. Y. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * .
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968.
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, J u l y 1968 *.
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1968 1 —
B u f f a l o , N. Y . , N ov. 1968 l —
B u r l i n g t o n , Vt. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 _____
Can ton , Ohio, J u n e 1 9 6 8 * _____
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1968 1.
C h a t t a n o o g a , Tenn. — a . , S e p t . 1968 1 ------------G
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------C i n c in n a ti , Ohio— y . —
K
Ind. , M a r . 1968 1---------C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * ___________
C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1 9 6 8 1
D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 l .
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111. ,
Oct. 1 9 6 8 __________
D ay ton , Ohio, J a n . 1 9 6 8 * —
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1968 —
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 1968 1 —
D e t r o it , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1
F o r t Worth, T e x . , N ov. 1968 1 —
G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1—
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1968 1
H o uston , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 l .
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1968 1
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1968 l .
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 ---------------- —_______ _
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . — a n s . , S e p t . 1968 1-----------------K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — . H . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * ___
H
N
L ittle R o c k -N o rth L ittle R ock, A r k . , Ju ly 1968* —
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ---------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — n d . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ___________________
I
L u b b o c k , T e x . , Ju n e 1968 1 _______________ —_____ ...
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H . , J u l y 1968 1----------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ------------------ ---A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 * ------------------------------------M id la n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , J u n e 1968 1____________
M ilw a u k e e , W is. , A p r . 1968________________________

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p rice
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1575-86,
1575-71,
1625-8,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1575-59,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1575-48,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1625-14,
1575-81,
1575-62,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

40
35
50
30
35
30
35
50
50
20
30
30
30
35
50
30
50
35
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-16,
1575-51,
1625-39,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1625-27,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1625-40,
1575-49,
1575-33,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625-11,

30
30
30
30
35
35
35
30
45
35
30
20
45
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-64,
1625-33,
1575-77,
1625-4,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1575-72,
1575-67,

30
30
30
35
30
35
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
M i n n e a p o l i s - S t . P a u l , M i n n ., J a n . 1968.
M u sk e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h ts , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 8 * .
M
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 *
N ew H aven , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 *
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1968.
New Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ___
N o r f o l k - P o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o rt N e w s —
H a m p to n , V a. , J u n e 1968 —
O k la h o m a C ity , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 ---Om aha, N e b r .—
Iow a, O ct. 1968 1 ---P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N. J . , M ay 1968 1 —
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J . , Nov. 1967 1 —.
N.
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 l .
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1968____ ____— ----------P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ____
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — ash . , M a y 1968 1---W
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w tu c k e t — a rw ic k , R . I . — a s s . ,
W
M
M ay 1 9 6 8 --------------------R a l e i g h , N. C. , A u g . 1968 1 --------R ic h m o n d , V a . , N ov. 1 9 6 7 * -------R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1968 1„
R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1968 1__________________ -___ ___ ___ _
St. L o u is, M o .—
111., J a n . 19 6 8 ,-----------— -------- --------S a l t L a k e C ity , U tah, D e c . 1 9 6 8 ------------------------- -----S a n An ton io, T e x . , J u n e 1968------------------ ---- ----- —----S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a l i f . ,
R
O
Oct. 1968 1-----------------------------S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ----S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n . 1968.
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 ---S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1968 1
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1968 1_______________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W ash. , N ov. 1967 1 ____
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , Oct. 1968 1 _______
South B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 * _____________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 ________
S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * --------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 6 8 ___
T o l e d o , Ohio— ich . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 ™ _________
M
T r e n to n , N. J . , Oct. 1968 1__________________
U t i c a — o m e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 ----------------R
W ashin gton , D. C . — d . — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 ___
M
V
W a te r b u r y , C o n n . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------W a te r l o o , Iow a, N ov. 1968 1_________________
W ichita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 _________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 ----Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 * ______
Y ou ngstow n — a r r e n , Ohio, N ov. 1 9 6 8 ____
W

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
an d p r i c e
1575-47,
1575-60,
1575-54,
1575-34,
1575-46,
1575-78,

30
30
35
25
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
1625-20,
1575-80,

30
30
35
40
30
30
30
30
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-61,
1625-13,
1575-27,
16 2 5 -2
1575-70,
1575-39,
1625-36,
1575-69,

30
35
25
35
30
30
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-25,
1625-32,
1575-37,
1625-21,
1575-73,
1625-12,
1575-29,
1625-23,
1575-56,
1575-79,
1625-5,
1625-10,
1575-43,
1625-18,
1625-1,
1625-22,
1575-53,
1625-31,
1575-31,
1575-76,
1575-42,
1625-34,

40
30
25
30
30
35
25
30
30
30
35
30
30
35
35
35
30
35
20
30
30
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212
O F F I C I A L BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
FIRST CLASS MAIL

i

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