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The Houston, Texas, Metropolitan Area
June 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

REGION I— NEW E N G LA N D

J oh n F . K en n ed y F e d e r a l B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C en ter
R o o m 1 6 0 3 -B
B o s t o n , M a s s . 02203
T e l . : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2




REGION II— M ID -A T LA N TIC

341 Ninth A v e .
N ew Y o r k , N. Y . 10001
T e l . : 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5

REGION III— SOUTHERN

1371 P e a c h t r e e S t . , N E .
A tla n t a , G a . 3 0309
T e l . : 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8

REGION TV— N O R TH C E N T R A L

219 S outh D e a r b o r n St.
C h i c a g o , 111. 6 0 6 0 4
T e l . : 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0

REGION V — WESTERN

450 G o ld e n G a te A v e .
B o x 36017
San F r a n c i s c o , C a li f. 9 4 1 0 2
T e l . : 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8

REG IO N V I— M O U N TA IN -PLA IN S

F e d e r a l O f f i c e B u ild in g
T h ir d F l o o r
91 1 W a ln u t St.
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . 6 41 06
T e l . : 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1

Area Wage Survey
The Houston, Texas, Metropolitan Area




June 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-85
August 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
A rthur M. Ross, C omm issio ner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a t a b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ited S ta tes.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t into ( 1 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , and ( 2 ) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a
r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n is i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n .
The s e c o n d part p r e s e n t s
in fo r m a t io n w h ic h has b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in dividual m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the
U nited S tates.

I n t r o d u c t i o n __________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _______________________________
T a bles:
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d __________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________
O ccu pational ea rn in g s:*
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n ____________________________
m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n . .
m
A -3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s __________________________________________

E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the
p r o g r a m . I n f o r m a t i o n o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a l l y in e a c h a r e a . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is o b t a i n e d b i e n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
H o u s t o n , T e x . , in J u n e 1 9 6 7.
The Standard M e t r o p o lit a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r 6 a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t
th rou gh A p r i l
1966, c o n s i s t s o f B r a z o r ia , F o r t B en d,
H a r r i s , L i b e r t y , and M o n t g o m e r y C o u n t ie s .
T h is study
w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t l a n t a ,
Ga. , B r u n s w ic k A.
Bagdon,
D ire cto r; by R obert
F.
M c N e e l y , u n d e r the d i r e c t i o n o f J a m e s D . G a r l a n d . T h e
s t u d y w a s u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f D o n a l d M . C r u s e ,
A ssista n t R e g io n a l D ir e c to r
for W ages
and I n d u s t r i a l
R ela tion s.




1
3

areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r . )

are

a vailable fo r

other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in the H o u s t o n a r e a i s a l s o
a v a i l a b l e f o r th e m a c h i n e r y i n d u s t r i e s ( J u l y 1 9 6 6).
U n io n
s c a l e s , in dica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e l s , a re available
fo r building c o n s tr u c tio n ; printing; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o peratin g
e m p l o y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a l l i e d
o ccu p a tion s.

iii

2

3

5
9
9
11
12
14




Area Wage Survey
The Houston, Tex., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W h ere w eek ly h ours are
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s ( e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in the la st p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in th at e a r l i e r s tu dy.
P erson a l visits w e re m ade
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s and to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , da ta a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M ajor
in d u st r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th ese studies are g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t i o n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E sta b lish m en ts
h a v i n g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the
b r o a d in d u st r y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t pu blication c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p r e se n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s it e , a reaw ide e s t i ­
m ates.
In dustries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s t a f f i n g and , th u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ithin
in divid u al e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O ther p o s s ib le f a c t o r s w h ich m ay c o n t r ib ­
ute to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the
sa m e s u r v e y job d e s c r i p t i o n .
J ob d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g all e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e th an o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d ie d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t .
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O ccupations

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y and n ot the n u m b e r a c ­
tually s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d i e d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
i n g s d a ta .

and E a r n in g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w ­
in g t y p e s : ( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n ­
t e n a n c e a nd p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t . O c ­
c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m set o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s w it h in
th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e l i s t e d a nd d e ­
s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s da ta f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e
f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s da ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in du stry d iv is io n s w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s ,
a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t
p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s ­
t a b lis h m e n t data.




E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in this
bulletin.
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s is c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y in
th is a r e a .
T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x ­
p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y
h o u r s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s
a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s
f o r th is a r e a .

1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in H o u s t o n , T e x . , 1
b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 J u n e 1967

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u stry d iv is io n

W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4
W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S t u d ie d

S t u d ie d
N u m ber

P ercen t

1 ,2 4 1

2 42

2 5 8 ,2 0 0

100

1 2 3 ,2 8 0

-

391
8 50

83
159

1 0 7 ,2 0 0
1 5 1 ,0 0 0

42
58

5 1 ,2 0 0
7 2 ,0 8 0

50
50
50
50
50

137
188
258
106
161

32
33
44
19
31

4 0 ,4 0 0
2 3 ,7 0 0
4 9 ,4 0 0
1 3 ,7 0 0
2 3 ,8 0 0

16
9
19
5
9

2 6 ,4 3 0
8, 070
2 3 ,6 1 0
5 ,4 2 0
8 ,5 5 0

A l l d i v i s i o n s . ____ _______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5----------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ____________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e 6------------S e r v i c e s 6 7__________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

50

1 T h e H o u s t o n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 6 , c o n s i s t s o f B r a z o r i a , F o r t
B e n d , H a r r i s , L i b e r t y , a n d M o n t g o m e r y C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f
c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , an d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f
th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l a n d th e 1 963 S u p p le m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y
in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m li m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n ­
d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m in i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r ­
m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i ­
g io u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g i n e e r i n g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A b o u t t w o - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e H o u s t o n a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l lo w i n g t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
and s p e c i f ic in d u s t r ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s
C h e m i c a l s ___________________________
M a ch in e ry (e x ce p t
e l e c t r i c a l ) . . .........................
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____
P e t r o l e u m r e f i n i n g _______________
F o o d p r o d u c t s ______________________
P r i m a r y m e t a l s .............

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
20
17
12
11
10
7

C o n s t r u c t i o n , m in i n g a n d m a ­
t e r i a l s h a n d lin g m a c h i n e r y
a n d e q u i p m e n t ________
13
P e t r o l e u m r e f i n i n g ........ ..................... 11
I n d u s t r i a l c h e m i c a l s ......................
8
P l a s t i c s a n d s y n t h e t ic
m a t e r i a l s ..............
8
B la s t fu r n a c e s , s te e lw o r k s ,
a n d r o l l i n g and fi n is h in g
m i l l s ......................
5
F a b rica te d stru ctu ra l m e ta l
p r o d u c t s __________________________ 5

T h is in f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d pla n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e xe s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d (d a te o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1).
S u b t r a c t in g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
date o f the in d ex .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
wage
ch a n g es b e tw e e n the in dica ted dates.
T h ese estim ates are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d
t o m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .
M eth od o f C om putin g

in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e s e con stant w eigh ts r e fle c t base ye a r
em p loym en ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
Th e a v e r a g e (m ean) earnings fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t i o n s i n th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d .
The a ggreg ates
for

2 con secu tive y e a rs w e r e

related

by

d ividin g

th e

aggregate for

th e l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resulta nt
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 ) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ’ s i n d e x .
A v e r a g e earnings
f o r th e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d o n it s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

Table 2.

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Houston, Tex. ,
June 1967 and June 1966, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(May 1961=100)

Percents of increase

Industry and occupational group
June 1967

June 1966

June 1966
to
June 1967

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w o m en )---------------------Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n )-------------------Skilled maintenance (m en)---------------------------------Unskilled plant ( m e n )------------------------------------------

118.6
118.2
120.2
128. 3

114.3
111. 7
116.5
119.8

3. 8
5. 9
3. 1
1 7. 1

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n )---------------------Industrial nurses (men and w o m en )-------------------Skilled maintenance ( m e n ) -------------------------------Unskilled plant ( m e n ) ------------------------------------------

116.2
118.7
116.6
126.2

112. 1
113.7
113. 1
122.5

3. 7
4. 3
3 .2
3 .0

In addition

to general wage




increases,

this

increase reflects recent amendments to the

June 1965
to
June 1966

June 1964
to
June 1965

4 .0
4. 4
5. 7
1. 4

2.
.
1.
3.

.
6.
4.
3.

2. 1
0
1. 8
3 .4

7
2
6
9

5
9
9
4

June 1963
to
June 1964

1.
2.
1.
5.

5
3
9
5

.5
3 .0
1. 7
4. 0

June 1962
to
June 1963

May 1961
to
June 1962

May 1960
to
May 1961

3. 3
1.8
2. 1
.9

2. 3
1.9
4 .0
7. 3

3.
4.
2.
1.

2
9
8
1

5.
3.
1.
1.

2 .9
.9
3. 1
8 .0

3.
6.
1.
2.

2
6
6
2

4
1
3
5

Fair Labor Standards A ct and changes in employment between high-

and

low-wage

establishments.

4
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k , e x c l u s i v e
o f e a r n i n g s at o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s ,
th ey
m easure
c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
stra ig h t-tim e h ourly earn in gs,
excluding p r e m iu m
pay for o v e r tim e
and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r
s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s a nd i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t
jo b s w ith in ea ch g r o u p .
L im ita tio n s

C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n th o u gh a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have rise n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

o f D a ta

T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s
of ch a n g e, as m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
wage ch a n ges,
(2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y
in d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in th e s a m e j o b , a nd (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b
i n c l u d e d in the da t a . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
Data w e r e a d j u s t e d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

A. O ccu p atio n al E a r n in g s
Table A-l.

Office O ccupations—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , H ou ston , T e x ., June 1967)
Weekly earnings1
( standard)

Sex, oc c u p a t io n , and in du st r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e : Lving s tra ight - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn in gs of—
$

S
45

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$
50

55

$
60

$

$
65

70

$
75

s

$
80

85

$
90

$
95

$
100

$
105

$
110

$
120

$

$
130

140

$
150

$
160

$
170

and
under

180
and

50

55

60

65

70

75

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

-

9
9
6

_

-

1
1
1
23

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

ov e r

11
6
5
5

2
2
2
“

5
5
5
-

13
8
5
4
1

38
5
33
9
23

42
22
20
3
12

41
10
31
4
19

95
16
79
16
49

77
18
59
24
27

62
25
37
12
23

36
9
27
12
15

46
21
25
6
19

49
3
46
32
14

23
2
21
18
3

20
2
18
15
3

2
1

4
2
2

10
8
5

12
12
3

13
10
2

2
1

21
12
4

20
13
13

6
3
2

3
2
1

7

_

1

-

-

-

~

43
7
36
36

39
3
36
25

39
30
9

40
12
28
28

25
25
25

68
20
48
48

147
55
92
92

61
21
40
40

24
11
13
13

34
24
10
10

7
7
-

6
-

4
1
1

i
1
1

2
2
2

20
20
3

17
15
15

7
3
3

6
-

4

1

_
-

3
1
1

-

-

“

3
2
2

_

-

3
2
2

1

-

"

1

2

-

16

12

21

14

22
17

3
3

9
6

21
15

15
8

6
5

3
3

2
~

11
4
3

1
1
1

1
1

3
3
3

16
16
16

.
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

25
14
11

3
3

-

2
2

-

_

-

_

_

-

15
13
2

-

“

3

-

-

-

11
2

9
8

13
12

4
3

9

3
3

MEN

•CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ~
MANUFACTURING -------------------------^ M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------

560
147
413
167
208

40.0
43.0
40.0
4 3.0
40.0

129.00
124.50
130.50
139.50
126.00

$
124.50
126.00
124.00
140.00
120.00

$
$
108 .50 -1 49 .50
1 0 4 .00 -1 40 .50
110 .50 -1 53 .00
1 17 .50-168.00
1 0 9 .50 -1 42 .00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

1 14
77
42

40.0
39.5
40.0

108.50
101.50
102.00

111.00
101.50
104.00

9 5.0 0-12 3.5 0
9 2.0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
3 4.0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -----------------

566
192
374
352

41.0
40.0
41.5
41.5

106.50
112.00
104.00
105.50

109.00
114.50
107.00
108.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------

88
64
27

40.0
40.0
40.0

1 2 2 .5 0 122.50
1 2 1 . 0C 1 2 0 . 0 0
121.50 125.50

OFFICE BOYS ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

235
191
50

40.0
40.0
40.0

67.50
66.50
69.00

64.00
63.50
63.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------

72

4 0.0

132.50

132.00

119 .50 -1 45 .50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL ASS B -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

107
80

40.0
40.0

107.50
105.50

106.50
10 1 . 0 0

9 5.0 0-12 0.0 0
9 4.0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINF OPERATORS,
CLASS C -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

69
53
35

40.0
39.5
40.0

92.50
9 4.00
102.50

86.50
88.50
113.50

8 0 .0 0-11 4.0 0
7 9.0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
82.5 0-12 2.5 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE I -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

I 81
84
97

40.5
40.0
41.0

85.00
93.50
7 8.00

87.50
93.50
72.50

70.0 08 9.506 7 .5 0-

95.50
9 9.00
87.00

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------------

30
78
53

40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

7 7.00
77.00
71.50

81.50
81.00
72.50

6 9.006 8.506 6 .5 0-

88.50
88.00
8 2.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

158
132

40.0
4 0.0

9 7.00
9 4.00

94.00
92.00

8 6 .0 0-10 4.5 0
8 4 .5 0 - 99.00

~
1
1

-

-

-

-

1

9 2.0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
9 5 .0 0-12 5.5 0
8 8 .0 0-11 6.0 0
9 2.0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0

_

-

_

6

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

6
6

1 10 .50 -1 41 .00
1 15 .50-134.00
1 1 7 .50 -1 29 .00

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

6 0.006 0.506 1.50-

69.50
6 9.00
67.00

_

_

-

~

6C
43
3

_

_

~

*
*

-

-

5
5

-

-

15
-

“

15
15

-

_

-

-

-

76
72
31

“

14
3

“

2
2
1

11
8
i

16
16
~

12
11
~

45
36
10

_

_

”

_

Q

2
2
2

~

_

_
-

-

9

1
1

1
1

7
7

6
3

11
11

4
4
3

8
6
5

17
10
2

3
3
2

-

_

-

-

-

2

_

_

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

13
12
-

1
1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

~

2
-

_
-

“
_
-

_
-

“

“

6
.

.
-

WOMEN

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




29
11
18

-

-

-

28

7

~

23
11
12

30
30

16

16
-

-

“

**

_

_

-

-

-

28

7

5
5
5

4
4
4

15
15
15

6
6
6

4
4
4

24
24
15

4
2
2

13
13
2

5
5

~

_

_

_

3
2

4
4

5
5

25
25

17
17

32
32

23
19

3

-

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ho ur s and e a rn i n gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u pa t io n s studied on an a re a b as is
b y in du st r y d i v is i o n , Hous ton, T e x . , June 1967)
W eekly earnings1
( standard)

Sex, o cc up a t io n, and in dus tr y di v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
' standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g straight - t i m e w e e k l y ea rn i n gs of—
$
45

M ean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

*

$

$
50

55

t

%

60

65

*
70

t

$
75

80

$

$
85

90

%

95

$

S

100

105

$

120

140

$

$

$

$

13 0

150

160

$
170

and
under

180
and

110

50
WOMEN -

$
110

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

“

1
1
-

2
2
“

34
34

38
6
32
-

34
21
13
1

74
33
41
11

65
21
44
2

52
20
32
11

55
30
25

12
12
11

23
11
12

-

2

12

1

“

14

10

“

14

1

12

~

-

-

-

22
7
15
5
6

33
33
21
-

40
11
29
5
6
8

76
19
57
9
6
26

80
22
58
6
20
16

93
24
69
12
20
4

54
28
26
1
1
4

72
20
52
20
14

120

130

140

15 0

160

1
1
1

~

1 70

18 0

over

CONTINUEO
$
7 3 .5 07 6.5 06 9.0 07 9 .0 0-

$
89.50
9 1.00
88.00
96.50

83.00

$
81.00
8 2.50
8 0.00
8 7.50
76.00
8 2.00

43.0
40.0
3 9.5
40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

104.50
101.00
1 05.50
107.50
115.00
91.50

101.00
101.00
101.50
109.00
110.00
89.50

9 0.0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
9 1.5 0-11 0.5 0
8 9.5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
9 3.50-139.50
8 6 .0 0 - 95.0 0

-

~

9
9
9
-

~

108
27
81
38
18
4

1 ,4 5 1
357
1 ,094
305
242

40.0
4 3.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

83.50
85.50
8 3.00
8 9.00
7 7.50

82.00
85.00
8 1.00
86.50
76.50

7 2 .0 0 - 93.00
7 5 .5 0 - 9 5.00
7 0 .5 0 - 92.00
7 7.5 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
68. 5 0- 8 7 .0 0

-

1
1
-

44
6
38
15
21

113
4
109
20
19

126
16
110
18
30

191
61
130
9
41

157
24
133
27
32

223
66
157
50
25

159
49
110
42
32

131
41
90
29
25

68
47
21
16
2

140
18
122
37
5

23
15
8
8
“

29
5
24
9
10

16
3
13
7
“

22
1
21
10
“

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

152
128

39.0
39.0

8 5.50
82.00

83.00
8 0 . 50

71.0066.0 0-

96.50
92.50

-

_

4
4

27
27

5
5

15
13

14
14

19
17

13
12

15
9

8
8

9
7

12
5

5
3

2
2

2
2

-

1

~

~

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS ft -------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

332
96
236

43.0
43.3
39. 5

73.50
7 2.00
74.50

72.00
72.00
72.00

6 7 .5 0 - 8 1.00
66. 00— 8 0.0 0
6 7 .5 0 - 8 1.50

-

1

10

27

67

18

-

4

1

1

2

-

1

~

-

10

92
15
77

78

1

30
21
9

50

18

44

18

-

4

1

1

2

-

1

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------

3 27
287
95

39.5
39.5
41.0

66 .00
6 4 . 50
64.00

64.00
63.50
63.00

6 0 .5 06 0.0 061.0 0-

68.50
67.50
6 5.00

_

2
2

68
68
l 5

115
111
58

88
73

27
12

4
4

8
8

-

1
1

6

-

7
7

-

~

1
1

-

-

“

"

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING

219
87
1 32

4 3.0
4 3.0
4 3.0

75.50
8 9.50
66 • 00

7 2.00
8 8.50
65.00

6 3 .5 0 - 8 6.50
3 4 .5 0 - 9 4.50
6 1 .0 0 — 71.00

_

8

17

42

25

1

17
11

30
30

14
14

10
10

5
5

3
3

2
2

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------Rc TA IL T R A C E ---------------------

379
184
195
73
55

4 0.0
4 3.0
4 3.0
43.0
40.0

96.00
96.50
95.50
111.50
7 9.50

93.00
92.50
9 4.50
119.00
8 2.50

3 1 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
8 3.5 0-10 4.5 0
7 7 .5 0-11 6.5 0
100 .50 -1 28 .50
6 6 .5 0 - 92.50

_

_

-

-

59
38
21

-

-

8

35
21
14
3
9

25
14
11
2
3

37
15
22
5
2

8
5
3
l
2

32
9
23
16
2

39
14
25
22
“

COMPTOMETFR OPERATORS-------NONMANUFACTURING -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

305
288
98
170

4 0.0
4 3.5
4 1.0
43.0

7 8.00
77.00
77 • CO
73.50

75,50
7 5.00
77.50
73.00

70.0 06 9 .5 07 1. 5 0 68.00-

83.50
82.00
82.00
7 8.50

-

-

-

3
2

-

“

14
8

1
1

-

-

9
9

-

9

1

”

4

~

**

~

4 74
111
363
120
PI

43.0
43.0
39.5
43.0
4 0.0

93.50
95.50
9 3 . OC
9 9 . OC
9 8.00

91.50
94.00
90.50
9 9.50
96.50

8 3 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
3 6 .0 0-10 4.0 0
3 3.0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
3 4 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
3 6.0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

20
1
19
5
14

3
1
2
2

1
1
-

721
161
5 60
104
228
50

43.0
39.5
40.0
4 3 .Q
4 3.0
4 3.0

81.00
8 0.50
8 1.50
8 4.50
8 4.00
7 2 . 50

81.50
8 1.50
82.00
83.00
84.00
72 • 50

7 2 .5 073.0 07 2 .5 074.5 030.0 07 0 .5 0 —

-

-

-

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS f t -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3-------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

391
142
2 49
37
95
66

43.0
43.0
40.0
43.0
40.0
39.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3-------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

729
1 75
5 54
13 9
162
73

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUF ACTURING------------ —
WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------

------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------K t H I L 1 K A U t -----------------------------------S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.




$
8 1.00
83.00
80.0 0
88.00

7 5 .5 0 - 9 4.0 0

89.50
88.00
9 0.50
9 4.00
9 3.00
7 5.50

-

*
*

-

8

-

-

-

9

”
-

"

~

62
16
46
9
10
2

32
1
31
8
15
3

13
13
4
9

8
8
8

“

“

-

42

25

8
-

11
7

8

4
-

27
11
16
7
1

25
10
15

4

18
5
13
1
6

8

28
19
9
1
2

33
33
11
21

34
32
9
23

71
71
15
56

58
58
29
28

35
34
23
10

29
24
11

15
13
3
7

6
-

-

-

-

-

“

19
1
17
6
6

15
7

2

20
10
10

1
1

86
5
81
27
13

76
22
54
15
16

43
13
30
3
7

63
13
45
9
11

34
10
24
2
8

20
5
15
6
9

64
14
50
46
4

25
12
13
2
2

73
10
63
1
10

143
32
111
26
34
27

56
19
37
15
3

156
30
126
14
77

82
33
49
7
13

101
15
86
17
48

58

9
9
8
1

5
5
3
1

2
2
-

11
11
6

2

6

_
-

-

“

”

18
18
3
15

13
13
13
“

4
4
3
1
“

~

-

-

“

“

-

1
"

-

~
-

-

-

~

-

-

-

~

“
-

-

~

“

5

17

-

-

”

45
12
33

_
-

8

*

-

4

8

-

9

8

50
li
33

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

8
8

3
3

-

-

-

-

“

16
5
11
11

-

~

3
3

*
-

“

■
-

1
1

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , H ou ston , T e x ., June 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g strai ght - t i m e w e e k l y ea rni ngs of—
$

$

$

$

t

WOMEN -

of
workers

$

$

$

S

$

%

$

%

*

$

$

$

$

$

%

%

' standard)

M ean2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

50

Sex, oc c u p a t io n , and in du st r y d i v is i o n

45

weekly

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

ov e r

-

8
8
-

69
56
11

49
47
8

34
26
4

19
15
14

6
3
2

12
5
~

1
-

1

5
5
5

2
2
2

2
2
2

2
2
2

_
_

—
_

*

19
1
18
11
5
2

8

60

43
5
38
5
3
11

133
36
97
15
34
10

134
23
111
30
31
16

269
95
17 4
40
21
22

270
111
159
54
20
13

241
54
187
44
66
28

2 80
97
183
54
45
7

4 33
148
285
90
62
10

346
128
218
69
61
22

261
82
179
53
67
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

7
7

1
1
1

21
11
10
-

8
7
1
1

20
8
12
2

41
6
35
6

34
17
17
1

8
1
-

3
1
2
1
-

31
3
28
12
14

43
17
26
4
"

33
22
11
4
3

62
20
42
5
25

70
22
48
14
9

141
41
100
21
22

104
36
68
16
19

40
16
24

68
37
31
1
3

50
8
42
4
1

45
9
36

12

23
23
11
4

1

76
30
46
7
18

93
21
72
14
10

90
19
71
14
22
8

80
20
60
7
13
11

145
41
104
31
19
7

180
81
99
41
16
9

104
14
90
33
34
14

117
38
79
25
19
3

and
under

and

CONTINUED

OFFICE GIRLS -------- --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

210
171
5C

39.5
39.5
43 .0

$
66 .00
65.50
74.00

$
63.00
62.50
71.00

SECRETARIES4------------------- ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

2,8 4 7
856
1,9 9 1
593
561
154

43.0
43.0
40.0
43.0
43.0
40.0

113.00
113.00
113.00
117.00
119.50
98.00

109.50
110.50
109.00
113.00
117.50
98.00

9 6.0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
9 7.5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
95.0 0-12 7.5 0
9 7.5 0-13 1.5 0
101.00 -1 39 .00
8 7.0 0-10 9.0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

194
51
143
26

43.0
43.0
40.0
43.3

133.00
120.00
138.00
164.00

127.00
120.00
129.50
167.00

1 15.00-146.00
106.50 -1 36 .00
1 19 .00-161.50
122 .50 -2 03 .00

SECRETARIES. CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------

683
194
439
125
168

43.0
43.0
40.0
43.0
40.0

120.00
115.00
1 21.50
128.00
128.00

118.00
116.00
118.50
120.50
128.00

1 04 .00-131.50
1 01 .50-126.50
1 05 .00-136.00
1 06 .50 -1 44 .00
1 05 .00-147.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------

69 8
215
483
34
157

43.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

117.00
116.50
117.00
126.00
127.50

114.00
112.00
114.50
123.50
131.00

9 8.5 0-13 2.5 0
9 4.5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0
9 9.5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 09 .00-139.00
1 10 .50-147.00

_
-

SFCRETARIFS, CLASS D -------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------- —
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -----------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------------------------

1,220
396
824
32 4
197
70

40.0
40.0
4 0.0
40.0
43.0
40.0

104.00
109.50
101.00
108.00
101.00
95.00

100.50
1 C 8. 0 0
99.00
105.00
1 C l . 50
96.00

9 1.0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
9 6.0 0-12 1.0 0
8 8.0 0-11 2.5 0
9 4.0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
8 7 .5 0-11 2.0 0
8 6 .0 0-10 3.5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------

1,484
445
1 ,039
367
249

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.5

88.00
92.00
86 .00
85.00
9 2.50

87.00
90.00
86.00
81.50
94.00

7 7 .5 0 - 96.00
8 1 .5 0-10 0.0 0
7 5 .0 0 - 9 4.50
7 3 .0 0 - 92.00
8 5 .0 0 - 99.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------

993
23 9
754
228
243

40.3
40.0
4 0.0
4 3.0
40.0

102.50
99.50
1 07 .00 102.50
1 0 1 . OC ' 9 9 . 0 0
100.00
96.00
107.00 104.00

9 2.0 0-11 1.0 0
9 4 .0 0-11 8.0 0
9 1.5 0-10 9.5 0
9 0.5 0-10 5.0 0
9 7.5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

102
67
41

40.0
39.5
40.0

9 2.50
8 7.50
84.50

90.00
87.00
75.00

7 5 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
7 2 .5 0-10 6.0 0
7 1.5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

SWITCH80ARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------------- ----------

312
58
2 54
27
84

40.0
40.0
4 0.0
40.0
39.5

75.50
85.50
73.00
98.50
69.00

75.00
85.50
70.00
110.50
66.00

6 1 .0 0 - 88.00
7 5.5 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
5 9 .5 0 - 85.50
8 2.5 0-12 0.5 0
6 2 .0 0 - 7 7.50

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




$
58.005 8.0 06 1.0 0-

$
6 9.50
6 8.50
78.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

60
22
13
9
7
7

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

_

8

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

1
1

“

“

_

_

-

-

-

-

5
*

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
4
5

-

-

-

3

53

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

81
18
63
13
42
-

45
10
35
11
19
"

37
7
30
20
10
-

43
7
36
22
10
-

16
1
15
-

2
1
1
1

11

6
6

20

69
20
49
10
22

44
5
39
8
23

21
2
19
8
11

17
1
16
1
15

17
2
15
11
4

15
2
13
9
2

84
24
60
22
23

92
27
65
5
35

38
17
21
2
18

51
10
41
3
30

12
7
5
3
2

9
9
9

7
4
3
3

163
78
85
42
22
3

113
62
51
24
18
7

64
18
46
35
8

46
11
35
30
5

7
5
2
1
1

5
2
3
3

-

“

-

-

-

“

"

-

_

-

11

-

4
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

-

-

-

-

27
8
19
7
12

7
4
3
3
-

-

-

-

18
11
5
2

3

53
22
13
2

88
4
84
30
18

182
24
158
86
10

153
61
92
42
10

187
60
1 27
50
23

261
69
192
49
38

185
75
110
21
32

154
39
115
21
61

92
42
50
9
26

32
12
20
3
11

68
28
40
28
11

36
14
22
14
8

13
9
4
3
1

26
3
23
4
-

106
29
77
42
19

183
32
151
54
2

158
40
118
38
63

L50
31
119
27
37

67
22
45
14
26

124
25
99
18
37

66
20
46
13
25

40
24
16

6

10
4
-

13
11
9

7
7
2

_

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
7
9

11
4
7

5
5

7

_

_

-

-

-

17
5
12
7
1

-

-

17
3
14
-

-

-

_

-

1

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
21

18
18

28

-

-

-

28
-

6

-

8
3
6
59
10
49
2
35

1
-

13
2
2

25
1
24
6
6

2
2
-

15
15
15

6
1
“

4
4
l

17
1C
5

8
5
3

14
2
12
2
8

16
2
14
2
6

33
7
26

30
8
22
2
3

26
8
18
1
3

11
11
4
l

-

19

-

2

-

_
_

144
34
110
40
52
-

-

26
1
25
4
3
4

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

_

-

7
7

-

14

-

-

11
4

-

-

-

2C
510

-

5
5

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

8
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , H ou ston , T e x ., June 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, oc c up a tio n,

and indust ry di v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s traight - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn i n g s of---$
45

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$
50

$
55

$
60

$
65

$
70

$

$
75

80

$
85

$

$
90

95

S

$
100

105

$
110

i
120

$
130

$
1 40

$
150

$

$
160

170

and
unde r
50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

15 0

160

170

180

“

-

18
18
11

45
13
32
5
27

85
16
69
11
47
4

53
15
38
7
12
4

58
13
45
21
23

98
40
58
11
32
15

67
39
28
1
14
1

52
29
23
6
9

22
7
15
15

15
5
10
3
7

20
11
9
9

4
2
2
2

5
5
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

6

6

10

7

2

2

7

7

1
_

_

-

”

-

*

-

-

4
4
~

“

1

_

-

-

-

-

544
197
347
39
173
85

40.0
40.0
4 0.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$
80.50
86.00
7 7.50
7 9.00
81.00
70.00

$
80.50
85.00
77.00
81.00
80.50
7 1.00

$
69. 5 07 7 .0 0 67.5 06 9 .5 06 9.0 06 2.0 0-

$
89.00
92.00
8 5.00
90.00
90.00
79.00

OPERATORS,
CLASS 9 --------------------------------------------------------

52

40.0

105.00

9 8.00

115.00

TRANSCRI BING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

232
74
158

3 9.0
4 0.0
39.0

81.00
8 0.00
8 1.00

79.00
79.50
77.50

71.0 07 6 .5 0 6 8.50-

88.50
8 4.50
9 2.50

_

_

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

548
156
392
125
61

4 0.0
40.0
39.5
4 0.0
39.5

8 5.00
86.50
84.50
8 3.50
86.00

8 4.00
84.50
84.00
8 1.00
88 .00

7 6 . SO­
TO. 0 0 75.0 07 3.0 07 9.5 0-

93.00
95.50
92.50
9 3.50
9 3.50

-

-

1,111
250
861
149
315

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

7 4.50
7 6.00
74.00
6 9.00
8 0.50

72.50
7 6.50
7 1.50
68.50
81.00

6 6 . 00 - 8 2 . 5 0
6 9 .0 0 - 8 3.50
6 5 . SO- 8 2 . 0 0
b S . 00- 7 3 .0 0
7 1 .0 0 - 89.00

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTION I S T S MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3--------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------ta b ula t tng- machine

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------- 1
5
4
3
2

1
to these
2
the rate
3
4
5

over

CONTINUED

o
U
T
0
1

WOMEN -

1 80
and

~

-

13
13

41
5
36

27
6
21

47
28
19

31
19
12

22
11
11

17
2
15

15
15

7
7

3
3
~

9
9

_
-

2
2
-

17
6
11
-

~

5
5
-

“

95
17
78
50
1

68
20
48
11
16

107
40
67
13
4

84
22
62
10
18

52
10
42
16
11

63
20
^3
18
10

26
10
16
5
1

8
7
1
1
-

17
4
13
1
-

_

-

_
-

82
20
62
11
c

157
14
143
27
23

2 16
38
178
52
31

219
43
176
38
72

90
32
58
17
18

136
63
73
4
29

102
18
84

54
8
46

36
8
28

8
2
6

3
2
1

7
2
5

65

39

20

6

-

-

1

-

4
_
_

_

_

~

-

-

-

“

-

_
-

_
-

-

3

Standard h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e their r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at re g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
w e e k l y ho u r s .
The m e a n is co m p u t e d fo r e a ch j o b by to taling the e a rn in gs o f all w o r k e r s and di vid in g b y the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s . The m e d i a n de si g na te s p o s it i o n — ha lf of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than
shown; half r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate shown. The m id dl e ra ng e is de fi ne d b y 2 ra te s of pay; a fou rt h of the w o r k e r s ea rn le s s than the lo w e r of th es e r a t e s and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e than the h i gh e r rat e.
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and other p u bl ic u til iti e s.
M a y in clude w o r k e r s other than t ho se p r e s e n t e d se p a r a t e l y .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib ut e d as f o l lo w s :
7 at $ 200 to $ 2 1 0 ; and 3 at $ 240 to $ 250.




9
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv is io n , H ou ston , T e x . , June 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, oc c u p a t io n , and in du st r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y ea rni ngs of—

A
iroivafro

S

weekly

( standard)

M ean2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$

$

$

$

$

(

$

t

s

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

i

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

2Q0

210

over

1
1

80
Un der
$
and
80
und er

4
4
3

3
3
-

53
13
40
7

61
7
54
18

123
35
88
9

46
26
20
13

15
8
7
6

24
9
15
6

15
4
11
3

13
9
4
3
-

and

85
MEN
DRAFTSMEN. CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

363
119
244
68

40.0
40.0
4 0.0
40.0

$
$
1 67.00 164.00
171.50 169.00
1 6 5 .0 0 162.50
170.00 168.50

$
$
156.00 -1 75 .00
160 .50 -1 80 .50
155 .50 -1 69 .50
156.50 -1 82 .00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NOMMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

557
266
291
142

40.0
40.0
40.0
4 0.0

144.00
138.50
149.00
1 4 7 . 0G

141.00
136.00
146.50
147.00

1 25 .50-164.00
120 .00 -1 59 .00
129.00 -1 72 .50
129 .00 -1 62 .50

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

539
269
270
94

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

109.50
107.50
1 12.00
102.00

103.00
101.00
105.00
98.00

9 2 .5 0-12 5.5 0
9 1.5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
9 3.5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

12
2
10
3

34
11
23
9

48
41
7
6

98
70

40.0
4 0.0

126.00
132.00

125.00
130.00

1 12 .50 -1 36 .00
1 20 .50 -1 41 .00

"

5
4
1
-

17
16
1
1

27
15
12
4

10
7
3
2

40
30
10
9

37
27
10
7

58
13
45
13

38
20
18
10

42
27
15
6

66
23
43
26

50
24
26
24

59
39
20
9

55
16
39
15

53
7
46
14

“

3
2
1

"

2
2
2

82
40
42
19

53
34
19
17

65
29
36
11

39
18
21
6

19
11
3
5

30
12
18
2

19
14
5
1

29
12
17
7

15
13
2
1

30
9
21
5

32

19
10
9

8
8

5
5
-

-

-

-

4

1

8
1

5

13
9

7
7

12

10
10

13
11

7
5

7
7

~

4
4

~

8

24
2

-

*
*
-

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1
to t h es e
2
3

Stan dar d h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r wh ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
weekly hours.
F o r de f in i t io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo ot not e 2, table A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o the r pu bli c util iti es.

9

s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

7
7

-

ra t es ) , and the earni ngs c o r r e s p o n d

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ho ur s and ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b as is
by in dus tr y di v is i o n , Houston, T e x . , June 1967)
Average
Number
of
workers

O cc u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

OF FI CE O C C U PA TI ON S

MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
— — — — — — — — — — —
— —— —
— — —— —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

$
1 96
86
110
29

40.0
4 1.0
4 0.0

94.50
83.50
105.50

4 0.0

77.00
77.00
71.50

BILLERS,

UA H
ir*
n A tr uItNA c %
f 1

TK A U c
I OAnb

— ——

————————

O cc u p a t io n and in du str y d i v is i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
UA L H I Nc 1 —
...
. . . . . .
n Ar UTMC 1
— — —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUF ACT URING-------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

n t! a I i
K r T A rL

Average

—

78




Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

NDNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------im M nm r
niUfN“uA'M c PC tiIJK r u r ———————————————
U
! in
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2----------------------------------Uii m L tC A 1 C Tf» A U t
W H U C b A L c I K AHC

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

173
141

4 0.0
4 0.0

$
9 7.50
94.50

391
142

4 0.0
40.0

8 1.00
83.00

37

40.0

88.00

——————————————

----------------------------------------------

Average

O cc u p a t io n and in dus tr y d i v is i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

RETAIL TRADE

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .

Number
of
workers

66

39.0

8 3.00

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2--------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

1,2 8 9
322
967
306
370
77

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

CLERKS, ACr 0UNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING _____________________
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------------RETAIL TRA0E ----------------------------------------------

1 ,5 6 5
3 94
1 ,1 7 1
269
32 6
244

40.0
4 0.0
3 9 .5

40.0
40.0
40.0

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

<
t
$
115.00
111.50
116.00
125.00
121.00
92.00
85.50
89.00
84.00
92.00
9 0.00
77.50

10
Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , H o u s to n , T e x . , June 1967)
Average

Average

of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

O cc u p a t io n and in du str y d i v is i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

160
134

3 9.0
3 9.0

$
87.0 0
8 3.00

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS 6 --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

361
105
256

39.5
40.0
39.5

7 4.50
74.00
7 5.00

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -----------------------------

345
305
101

3 9.5
39.5
41.0

66 .00
65.00
6 4.00

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

785
279
506
429

40.5
40.0
41.0
4 1.5

98.00
105.00
9 4.0 0
9 9.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 1
2—-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

467
208
2 59
100
50
74

40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0
40.0

10 1.00
10 0.00
102.00
1 14.50
102.00
91.50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

307
288
98
170

40.0
40.5
41.0
40.0

7 8.00
7 7.00
77.00
73.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANIJF ACTUR I N G -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

475
111
364
120
91

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

93.50
95.50
9 3.00
99.0 0
9 8.0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

725
161
564
108
228
50

40.0
39.5
40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0

81.50
8 0.50
8 1.50
86.00
84.00
72.50

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS-----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

4 45
83
362
100
73

4 0.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

66.50
7 0.50
66.00
71.50
6 8 . 50

40.0
40.0
4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0
40.0

113.00
113.50
113.00
118.00
119.50
9 8.00

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

O cc up a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

SECRETARIES3 - CONTINUED
SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

19 5
51
1 44
27

40.0
40.0
40-0
40.0

$
133.00
120.00
138.00
162.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 2--------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

683
194
489
12 5
168

4 0.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
4 0.0

120.00
115.00
121.50
128.00
128.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------------

6 99
215
4 84
85
157

4 0.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

117.00
116.50
117.00
126.50
127.50

SECRETARIES. CLASS D -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------------

1,2 4 8
405
843
343
197
70

4 0.0
40.0
40.0
4 0.0
40.0
40.0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

1 ,5 0 4
454
1 ,050
378
249

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2--------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ------------------------------

Number
of
worker*

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------------------------

77

40.0

$
1 32.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------------------

1 59
111
27

4 0.0
40.0
40.0

107.00
1 06 .00
1 17 .00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------

93
75
51

39.5
3 9.5
4 0.0

92.5 0
93.0 0
9 8.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

23 2
74
158

3 9.0
4 0.0
3 9.0

104.50
110.00
102.00
110.00
101.00
95.00

8 1.00
8 0.0 0
8 1.00

TYP ISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------------------------------

5 60
15 9
40 1
125
70

4 0.0
4 0.0
39.5
4 0.0
39.5

85.50
8 7.00
8 5.00
8 3.50
8 9.0 0

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.5

88.00
9 2.00
86.50
85.50
9 2.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 ----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------------------------------

1,112
2 50
862
150
315

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
4 0.0

74.50
7 6.0 0
7 4.00
6 9.0 0
8 0.5 0

1,011
2 39
772
2 29
252

4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0.0

102.50
107.00
101.00
100.00
107.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

102
67
41

4 0.0
3 9.5
4 0.0

92.50
87.50
84.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2----------------------------

376
1 29
2 47
68

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

165.50
168.50
1 64.50
1 70.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUF ACTURING-------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2--------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------------------------

312
58
2 54
27
84

4 0.0
40.0
4 0 .0
4 0.0
39.5

7 5.50
85.50
7 3.00
9 8.50
6 9.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2----------------------------

5 85
270
315
15 9

4 U .0
4 0.0
40.0
40.0

1 44 .00
138.50
1 48.50
146.50

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2--------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------------------------

554
207
347
39
173
85

4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

8 0.50
86.00
77.50
7 9.00
8 1.00
7 0.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2----------------------------

566
2 30
286
99

40.0
4 0.0
40.0
40.0

1 09.00
107.00
111.00
101.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TE CHNICAL
OCCUPA TI ON S

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS -------------------------------------

50

O

2 ,8 7 7
865
2,012
614
561
154

-

of

•
o

SECRETARIES3------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

Average

Number

Number

O cc u p a t io n and in dus tr y d i v is i o n

9 8.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

98
70

40.0
40.0

126.00
1 32.00

1 Standard hour s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir re g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay fo r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in gs
c o r r e s p o n d to t he se w e e k l y h o ur s.
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and ot he r publ ic ut il it ie s.
3 May in clude w o r k e r s o th e r than t h o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




11
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , H ou ston , T e x . , June 1967)
Hourly earnings 1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ou r ly e a rn in gs of—
S
2.10

$
2.2 0

$
2 .3 0

2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

(
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

3 .8 0

S
$
$
4 . 0 0 4 . ,20 4 . 4 0

2.20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4.2 0

-

-

7
7

9
9

12
12
-

1
1

1
1

5
3
2

5
3
2

14
6
8

3
3

4
4

10
10
-

27
26
1

17
10
7

1
1

6
6

11
9
2

166
165
1

4
3
1

8
8
“

41
1
40

“

_

_

-

3
3

_

-

7
6

6
6

2
2

7
7

12
12

5
2

25
25

39
37

13
13

102
102

38
38

34
34

23
23

52
52

3 08
308

113
101

30
30

68
3

7
~

1
1

6
6

29
29

28
28

22
7
15

11
8
3

54
54

60
7
53

8
7
1

21
9
12

1
1

1
1
~

11
8
3

2
2
“

25
8
17

10
6
4

5
5

47
47

-

1

5
4

-

-

1
1

1
1

5
5

8
8

1
1

-

21
21

2
2

-

~

-

~

~

15
15

75
75

4
4

_
-

2
2
”

111
81
30

36
36

16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

,
O c c u p a t io n and in d u st r y d i v i s i o n

workers

Mean1 Median 2
2
4
3

M
iddle range 2

Un der
2.10

%

CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

352
263
89

$
3.65
3 .6 5
3 .6 4

$
3 .8 4
3 .8 5
3 .6 9

$
3 .3 6 3 .4 0 2 .9 1 -

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

894
804

3.76
3.6 9

3 .8 4
3. 82

3 .4 1 - 4 .0 0
3 .3 9 - 3 .9 5

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

370
66
304

3 .2 1
3 .3 4
3.18

3 . 11
3.3 2
3.0 8

2 .8 0 2 .9 8 2 .7 5 -

3 .6 8
3.71
3 .5 8

15
15

2
2

3
3

8
8

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

66
64

3 .0 8
3 .0 9

3 .3 9
3.41

2 .3 8 2 .3 7 -

3 .7 3
3 .7 4

3
3

_

_

18
18

-

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

598
476
122

2 .6 1
2.76
2 .0 4

2.65
2.7 0
1 .59

2 .1 9 2 .4 0 1 .4 6 -

3 .3 1
3 .3 2
2 .8 5

127
50
3 77

25
13
12

13
13
-

45
44
1

24
24

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

432
423

3 .3 1
3.3 1

3 .3 4
3 .3 4

3 .2 6 3 .2 6 -

3 .4 4
3.4 1

_

_

_

_

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

485
460

3 .7 6
3 .7 7

3 .8 6
3 .8 6

3 .6 1 3 .6 3 -

3 .9 7
3 .9 7

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

98 0
240
740
568

3 .1 2
3 .2 5
3.07
3. 13

2.9 0
3.3 2
2.88
3 .1 1

2 .7 7 2 .8 5 2 .7 2 2 .7 1 -

3 .5 9
3 .8 2
3 .5 7
3 .7 1

31
31
22

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1,7 4 2
1 ,5 0 0
242

3 .3 9
3 .4 3
3.21

3 .4 4
3 .4 6
3 .0 4

3 .0 1 3 .0 3 2.7 1 -

3 .8 8
3 .8 7
4 .0 0

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

62
54

3.6 6
3.50

3 .5 8
3 .5 5

3 .1 8 3 .1 5 -

OILERS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

150
136

2.79
2.75

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

338
258
80

PIPEFI TTE RS . MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

$
3 .9 5
3 .9 2
4 .5 5

%

$
4 .6 0

and
un de r

34
34
_

_

-

-

-

65
63
2

6
6

-

~

4. ,40 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0

-

-

-

10
10

7
7

6
6

17
17

3
3

17
17

83
83

171
171

30
30

15
6

73
73

“

_

_

_

3
3

-

9
9

22
8

7
7

8
8

30
30

32
32

8
8

30
30

11
11

229
229

67
67

17
17

12

~

~

-

_

-

-

~

"

“

-

3
3

-

-

31
31
28

31
31
17

79
6
73
67

6
6
6

94
34
60
29

216
34
182
114

36
35
1
-

1
1
1

13
3
10
7

2
2

54
32
22
8

66
15
51
37

79
4
75
75

8
8
4

125
125
125

92
70
22
22

6
6
6

4
4
“

3
3
“

“

9
5
4

4
4

24
6
18

11
11
-

23
14
9

42
24
18

86
77
9

88
51
37

99
98
1

24
15
9

238
201
37

32
29
3

17
17

95
88
7

191
191
“

52
43
9

54
54

18
18
~

4 22
401
21

178
125
53

25
25
”

3
3
“

7
7

4 .1 7
4.0. 1

_

_

_

_

-

5
5

_

6
6

-

_

-

-

14
14

-

7
7

8
8

4
4

1
1

8

-

3
3

-

-

6
6

-

-

2.7 1
2.6 8

2 .5 6 - 3 .3 2
2 .5 5 - 2 .9 9

12
10

43
43

19
18

8
8

10
10

15
15

-

2
2

2
2

16
5

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

~

16
16

-

-

3 .5 8
3 .6 1
3.4 3

3 .8 2
3 .8 2
3 .8 6

3 .3 6 3 .3 8 2 .5 7 -

3 .8 8
3 .8 7
4 .1 5

13
6
7

20
14
6

6
6
-

-

1

-

38
37
1

-

8
8

23
23

38
3
35

6
6

-

-

“

162
153
9

-

-

~

10
8
2

-

-

1

2
2
“

-

-

“

2
2

-

-

”

~

“

755
72 2

3.8 5
3 .8 2

3 .8 7
3 .8 7

3 .8 2 3 .8 2 -

3 .9 3
3 .9 2

6
6

3
3

-

-

26
26

-

38
38

6 00
600

12
12

22
22

1
1

33

“

9
9

-

-

3
3

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

67
57

3 .9 3
3.88

3 .8 9
3 .8 7

3 .8 4 3 .8 3 -

4 .2 2
3 .9 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

44
44

-

19
9

-

-

“

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

178
178

3.5 5
3.55

3.5 8
3 .5 8

3 .4 5 3 .4 5 -

3 .6 7
3 .6 7

61
61

21
21

7
7

16
16

-

-

-

.

~

_

-

1
1

_

-

_

9

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

~

-

2
2

-

-

_

-

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w ee kends, h ol id a y s, and late shi fts.
2 F o r de f in i t io n o f t e r m s , s e e foo t no t e 2, table A - l .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d as f o l lo w s : 54 at $ 1 . 4 0 to $ 1 . 5 0 ; 8 at $ 1 . 5 0 to $ 1 . 6 0 ; 7 at $ 1 . 6 0 to $ 1 . 7 0 ;
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o the r pu bli c ut ilities.




1
1

and 8 at $ 1 . 7 0

to $ 1 . 8 0 .

10
10

-

-

1
1

“

-

~

61
61

~

1

”

“
_

-

_

“
-

12
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h ou r ly ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
by in dus tr y d i v is i o n , Houston, T e x. , June 1967)
Hourly earnings 2

$
M ean 3

M edian 3

M iddle range 3

Unde$
1.0 0

ELEVATOR O PERA T O R S, PASSEN GER
(WOMEN) -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

$
117
117

1.2 2
1.2 2

$
1 .4 4
1 .4 4

$
.7 0 .7 0 -

$
1 .4 8
1 .4 8

$

S

1.0 0

1.10

1.2 0

N u m b e r of w o r k e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s of—
t
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0

1.10

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

1.2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

2
2

-

-

-

68
68

-

l 2 30

10

$
2 .8 0

$
3 .0 0

$
$
"1
3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0

l
3 .8 0

and
und er

430
30

ar^

“

1 .6 0 1 .7 0

1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 . 0 0

16
16

-

-

27

22

24

7
27

22

24

-

2 .10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

over

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

40
37

50
40

16

18

58
58

34
34

8
8

2

3

10

8

47

26

4

8

4

-

-

—

~

"
bUAKl/j Af'i U WA 1L * " L if

1 ,7 6 1

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

1 .6 9

1 .4 7

1 ,4 1 6

T* / ^
1.47

1 .4 6

1 .4 3 - 1 .5 7
1 .9 9 - 3 .4 4
1 .4 3 - 1 .4 9

197

2 .9 2

3 .0 6

2 .5 7 - 3 .4 8

7
7

8

14

7

8 iiy s

*

10

57
52
3

14
6
8

15
14
1

-

30

22

-

6

79

192
168
24
17

69
23
46
30

60
51
9
3

7
7

10

20
10
1

14

6

17
16

12

2

1

4

40

-

16

12

27
23
4
3

85
84

103
103

9
9

-

-

-

-

2

7

WATCHMEN:
148
JA N IT O R S ,

2 . 26

2 .2 7

1 .5 7 -

AND CLEAN ERS ---

2 ,7 7 9

1 .7 3

1 .5 7

U T I L I T I E S 5----------------

1 ,8 1 0
131

1 .4 3
1 .9 5
1.6 1
1.51

1 .4 7
1 .9 4
1 .6 0
1 .4 8

1 .4 4 - 2 .0 4
1 .9 3 - 2 .5 7
1 .4 1 - 1 .5 8
1 .8 2 - 2 .0 8
1 .5 3 - 1 .6 7
1 .4 3 - 1.5 9

1 .4 3
1 .7 9
1.41
1 .7 6
1 .2 9

1 .4 5
1 .4 9
1 .4 5
1 .7 2
1 .4 2

1 .4 0 1 .4 5 1 .4 0 1 .4 8 1 .0 8 -

1 .5 0
2 .1 5
1 .5 0
2 .0 0
1.48

1 .8 3
1.9 5
1 .7 5
1 .8 0
1 .7 9
1 .5 9

1 .5 9 1 .5 5 1 .6 1 1 .6 2 1 .6 5 1 .4 8 -

2 .4 9
2 .5 4
2 .4 2
1 .9 8
2 .6 9
1 .9 1

2 42
2 .0 4
2 .4 1

c. • U D*" c, • OO

PO RTERS,

P U B L IC

380
JA N IT O R S , PO R T E R S , AND CLEAN ERS
i unucMt
\ wunp'f i
~
u alhic at 1UK IlNb
PH ANUr* AU ru n nur
—
AinkUIAAllie At 1UK IMP ••••“
INUpi*HAiNUK ATTIIO l (Nb
DIIOI Tr/ U 1111 T I t j ^
r U DL 11 IITTI I 1TC O
R E T A IL

TRADE ---------------------

t Ao U K tK b f nA l t K l At nAINULliNU
U ATCOT Al UA Aim TAlP
LA onocnc
uA Kiucir I UK llNb
H AINUr AU Tim TKir
*
AIDAlii AAll 1C Ar Ti ID lI'lb
INUninAifUr A l lU K IMP
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 5---------------t_iun« Lcb AiLr to A u t — — — — —
W nU ce a c IK adt
— — —
n t 1ALL t oA Uc
K r r ir i
IK in t
— — — — —— —
—
— — —
nnncD
e Iti L»t cno
JRDfcK
r L
K c
u A iiU rA l 1 a m n ir
.
n iM iie A P T UK 1irb — —.. — — — — — — —
—..—
—
— — —
KiriKiu a mi «c A t 1UK r kid — — — — — — —
INlllMnAiNUr AfTim I Nb
— — —
— — —
WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------nCTA f 1 TOA U t — — — —
K t i A IL IK Anc
— —
—— — — —
— —
DATl/CnC
r AblVCHof CUTrOOTAIP — — — — — — — —
jn i r lN b
—
—
— —
U Atill 1CAb T 1 IO TK * — — — — — — — — —
I/“
nAiNUr Ar 1UK IINb
— —
— —
AtrtklU AM 1 ATTMOTKir
i C
IMUN'lHI'lUr AL l U K I P i l j -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------o t i t TV INb L lt Hnizo — — — — — — — — —
........ .
K r r r 1 tifu r r i r N r
— — .. .
— ...........
— ——
U AMlie AT 1UK 1TN
n AlNur AL TIID TKIP*
U
^
K UNn AriUr AC fUKlINU
i nuu AM 1C APTIlOf Air
l
IN
—
uuni ec Ai r* IK Arvr
W H iJltb A L c td A u t —
— — — — —
— — —
nCTATI TO ADC — — — — — — — —
K t 1A IL 1KAUC
— —
— — —

1,1 9 9
1 ,1 4 6
119
3 247
1 ,672
1,5 7 5
804
267

1. 74

2 .2 0

1 .8 8

1 .9 0

359
116
109

CUT r ’■ MP AniU DCPCTUTAlP I A PDI/P — — —
j n l OOT ifb AKID nC IC l V llNl DI l K ko
'I
— —
WAN*JF ACTUP ING —
—
__”
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------

l-*o
69
56

175

11

114

r

22

10

761

309
272

*

1 .5 6 - 2 .3 9
1 .8 7 - 2 .5 9
1 .5 1 - 1 .6 4
1 .5 1 - 1 .5 9

1.6 1
1 .6 1

1 .5 6
1 .5 5

8

8

1

10

70

28

19

8

18

36

19

215

636

172

49

“
36

19

215

607

172

49

36

12

-

52

6

519

332

3
~
3

173
20

196
136

37

50

2 .4 5
2 .7 8
2 .2 9
O 1I
dm I d

2 .3 2
2 .7 1
2 .1 7
Z .4 3

~

2 .4 6
3 .0 6
2 .2 7

2 .4 1 2 .2 3 -

2 .6 8

2 .5 7

2 .5 7
2.61

2 .3 9
2 .4 0

2 ,7

3 .1 5
3 .1 8

3
3

1

10

1

-

~

7

~

2

1

4
4

4

1
1

226
107
119
18

145
60
85
85

10
10

~

33
33

8

19
Z
17
17

6
10
10

-

-

16
15

2
2

16

13

11

5
4

13

11

1

1
1

512

152

308

134

66

189
1 C*
T
15 7

80

78

139

321
zuo

364
214
105
45

115
25
78

168
159
3

73

11

32

10

30

42

121

10

24

3
J

30

36

55
27
28
28

194

69
69
65
4

92
3
89
74
15

7

16
3

52
14

8
2

-

3

9

37

1

15

1

1

*
”
4

-

-

11

12

-

-

-

-

8

66

3

‘

8

-

~

*

-

15
15

105
101

4
3
l
-

15
13

12

Z

7

~

6

-

5

1

19

22

10

18

19
16

1c
l->
3

10
6

6

2

b

15
3

1

12

1

3

-

-

-

-

9
51
42

12

-

2

60
3
13

5

-

11

23
5
1

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

“

”

“

”

-

~

18
18

219
61
158
93
65

15
15

1
2

7

3

26

7
7

13
8

-

1

“

~

30
18
12
11

89
12

7
8

4
4

tT
17
-

22
8

23

25

17

13
7
£

7
14

4
Z
9

9
9

33

-

-

16

“
-

-

13
13

15

r

14
25

2

-

138
37
101

-

54
14

~

101

21
21

146
145

~

11

9

-

39
45
37

1

-

3

**
-

19

11

65
63
45
18

-

138

30
19

45
45
36
9

2
2

~ ^ 1A

2 .0 8 2 .0 8 -

"

11

11

16

136
75
61

-

-

29
170
153
17

7
5

136

2

3 .4 4
2 .3 1

18
152
135
17
9

11

-

26
3 35
1 .9 5 - 2 I 5 6
1 .9 6 - 2 .4 2
1 .8 4 - 2 .9 0

2 .7 5
2 .9 9
2.2 8

10

44
33

13

3

*

22

173

-

51

2 .7 2
2 .7 4
2 .7 5

167
53
114

57
32

22

~

146
50

1

1 .6 7 1 .6 5 1 .4 8 -

2 • 31

60

30
84

1 .7 9 - 2 .7 1
^ if

1 OA

117
6U




2 .0 2

1,348
1 ,0 5 7
699
204

r u l l rn T i ur I i en vc
rt C
M in r l u
—— — — — — — —
—
— — — — —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------AimiUAiiuc ap lUKIfNU
INUINp *A U AU TiinTim . . . .
H «N *

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .

? nf
> nn

2 .5 3

12

7
17

16
16

18
17

*

7
7
12
12

6

9
~

1

11
11

21
21

_

1

28
24
4
”

23
14
9
6

17
15

4

7

2
2

4
4

1
6
6

12
12

13
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d i v is i o n , H ou s ton , T e x . , June 1967)
Number of

Hourly earnings

' o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ou r ly ea rn i n gs o f—

$

%

%

$

$

$

$

$

$

t

$

1.10

S
1.20

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1. 50 1 . 6 0

1.70

1.80

1 .9 0

2 ,. 00

2.10

2.20

2.3 0

2 .4 0

$
2 .6 0

2 .8 0

S
3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

1.1 0

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in d u st r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

1.20

1 .3 0

1 .4 C

1.50

1.6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2.00

2 ,.10

2.20

2.3 0

2.4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0 3 .6 0

3 .8 0

over

-

46

329
29
300
4
84
212

29 3
29
264

115
37
78

213
52
161
76
76
4

68
23
45
1
34
10

2 77
132
145
1
112
22

15
14
1

9
9

-

107
78

4 25
24
401
315
2
84

140 1241
160
86
54 1081
51 1062

14
38

163
17
146
12
35
14

197
12
185

53
132

82
44
38
2
4
7

157
95
62

63
15

183
40
143
12
79
47

246
11
235

193
44

379
125
2 54
8
2 23
8

_

$

M ean 14
3
2

M edian 3

Middle range 3

Und er

$

$

$

2 .5 3
2 .4 8
2.5 5
3 .3 5
1.9 4
1 .9 7

2.42
2 .3 6
2.6 0
3 .5 3
1 .7 9
1 .85

1 .7 8 1 .8 4 1 .7 6 3 .1 0 1 .6 0 1 .4 4 -

3 .4 6
3 .2 7
3 .5 1
3 .5 6
2 .3 0
2 .5 3

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

1,442
354
1 ,0 8 3
343
485

2.01
2 . 62
1.8 1
1.7 5
1 .6 5

1. 86
2.6 2
1 .7 3
1.7 3
1.4 8

$

%

$

%

3 .4 0

3 .6 0 3 .8 0

$

$

and

$

4 ,6 6 7
939
3 ,7 2 8
1 ,5 4 4
1 ,0 8 2
835

1.00
and
under

1.00

TRUCKDRIVERS 6 ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------Rp T AIL T R A D E -------------------------------------

t

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------- ----------------------------

2 ,198
46 4
1 ,7 3 4
1* 06 7
419
235

2 .6 9
2.39
2 .7 7
3 .2 8
1.7 9
2.18

2 .9 0
2 .3 4
3 .0 4
3 .5 2
1 .7 4
2 .1 7

3
3

86

-

-

-

-

~

~

”

86

3
28

1 .4 9 - 2.31
1 .8 9 - 3 .4 4
1 .4 6 - 2 .1 5
1 .5 3 - 1.95
1 .4 0 - 2 .1 0

_

_
~

3
3
-

43
43
28

26 0
18
242
72
170

125
22
103
56
20

53
12
41
26
15

99
12
87
62
6

87
27
60
29
26

67
36
31
26
“

54
17
37
28
o

168
168
24
94

34
5
29
4
~

37
14
23
4
9

31
14
17
4
3

102
10
92
4
“

22
1
21
2
19

2
2
2

”

86
86
86

1 .8 7 1 .7 9 1 .8 9 3 .0 6 1 .5 8 1 .5 7 -

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

53
11
42

162
7
155

56
25
31

”

3
43

-

~

43
1
42
9
25
8

33 9
24
31 5
3 15

-

-

104
91
13
1

57
11
46

-

13
6
7
1
6

42
35
7
2

-

108
13
95
72
20
3

101
59
42

-

92
13
79
8
50
21

61
8
53

-

211
78
133
4
129

_
-

3 .5 2
2 .8 2
3 .5 3
3 .5 6
1.85
2 .6 0

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

792
103
689

3 . 10
2 .2 7
3.2 2

3 .5 0
2 .3 4
3 .5 2

2 .8 3 - 3 .5 5
1 .7 7 - 2 .5 3
2 .9 5 - 3 .5 6

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFAC TUP I N G -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------

1 ,1 8 8
735
453
294
146

2 .4 3
2 .5 1
2 .3 0
2 .3 2
2 .3 2

2.38
2.43
2 .0 7
2. 0C
2 .4 3

1 .8 5 1 .8 9 1 .7 5 1 .7 3 1 .8 5 -

2 .9 8
3 .0 5
2 .7 7
3 .1 2
2 .7 5

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5----------------------------

130
1 07
100

1 .9 7
1.71
1 .7 0

1 .8 2
1.7 0
1.6 9

1. 661 .6 5 1 .6 5 -

1.88
1.85
1.8 5

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

~

-

86

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

42

_
-

_

-

131
24

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

6 90
16
67 4
655
-

28
27
1

23
20
3

12
3
9

100
100

84
84

30
12
18

407
407

6
6
-

52
52
-

107
89
18

145
50
95
38
57

70
62
8

108
45
63
63
~

105
105

72
50
22
21

1

8

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

-

52
52

-

-

-

~

_

18

72
60
12
1
11

_

_

_

_

-

8

“
.
_
-

“

14

_
_
_

5
5

9
9

-

_

-

_
-

-

6

-

_

"

17
3
14

50
50
45

~

-

1
1

2
2
-

“

-

144
144
-

34
3
31

55
55
55

“

-

25
22
3
-

12

40
12
28
22
6

_

6

5

57
16
41
41
"

“

-

_

~

114
88
26
8
18

-

-

_

9
33

80
28
52
40
12

-

-

-

-

91
29
62
56
6

16
16
-

-

-

-

-

49
23
26
4
10

-

-

~

-

15
38

41
35
6

_

-

-

31

6
6

-

_

-

6
6

-

-

-

“

-

Data l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w i s e indicated.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , and late shi fts.
F o r d e fi ni t io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo ot not e 2, table A - l .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 0 . 6 0 to $ 0 . 7 0 .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o the r pu bli c utilitifes.
In cl ud es all d r i v e r s , as d e f in e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f si z e and type o f tr u c k o p e r a t e d .




-

“

_
-

-

46

-

1
-

_

1

-

_
-

4
4

-

-

.

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OF F I CE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
14

15

CLERK , A C C O U N T IN G — Continued

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A. In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e .g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK,

ORDER— Continued

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

16

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor’s files; (c) maintains the
supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRET A R Y — Continue d

Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled ’’secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5, O X persons; or
C)

17

SE CRET A R Y — Conti nue d

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25, O X
C)
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. ("Limited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

18

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting .and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following? Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

19

PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse-who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




20

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

21

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

22

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

23

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1 Vz to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e s e v e n t h a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
atto rn ey s, c h e m ists, e n g in e e rs, engineering technicians, d ra ftsm e n ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , f r e i g h t r a t e c l e r k s , an d c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1535,
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d
50 c e n t s a c o p y .

National
C lerical

S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
P a y , F e b r u a r y — a r ch 1 9 6 6 .
M

ix

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967 -3 0 3 -5 9 8 /1 4

Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f th e la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n te d b e lo w . A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g d a tes o f e a r lie r s tu d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u lle tin s is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y be p u rch a sed f r o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g O f fic e , W a sh in gto n , D .C ., 20402,
o r f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l s a le s o f fic e s show n on th e in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e

A k r o n , O h io , June 1966 1_________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c ta d y — r o y , N .Y ., A p r . 1 9 6 7 ---------------S
T
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x ., A p r . 1967 _______________________
A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a .— .J .,
N
F e b . 1 9 6 7 __________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a . , M ay 1 9 6 7 ___________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., N ov. 1966 1_____________________________
B ea u m on t—P o r t A rth u r— r a n g e , T e x ., M ay 1 9 6 7 _____
O
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., A p r . 1967 1 _________________________
B o is e C ity , Ida h o, J u ly 1966 1___________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., O ct. 1966________________________________

1 5 3 0 -5 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 6 ,

B u ffa lo , N .Y ., D e c . 1966 1________________________________
B u rlin g to n , V t . , M a r. 1967 1 ____________________________
C a n ton , O h io , A p r . 1967 __________________________________
C h a r le s to n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 7 __________________________
C h a r lo tt e , N .C ., A p r . 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .- G a ., S ep t. 1966 1___________________
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1967 1 ________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O h io — y .— n d ., M a r. 1 9 6 7 __________________
K
I
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t.
1966 1__________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1966 1_____________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., N ov. 1966 1____________________________ ——

1 5 3 0 -3 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 5 ,

30ce n ts M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1967 1 ------- ----------------------------------25ce n ts M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1967 1_______________
20 ce n ts M u sk eg on —M u sk eg on H e ig h ts , M ic h ., M ay 1 9 6 7 _______
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b . 1 9 6 7 _______________
25ce n ts N ew H av en , C o n n ., Jan. 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
25ce n ts N ew O r le a n s , L a ., F e b . 1967 1 ___________________________
30cen ts New Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1966 1______________________________
20ce n ts N o r fo lk — o r ts m o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
P
30ce n ts
H am pton , V a ., June 1967 1_______________________________
25cen ts O k la h om a C ity , O k la ., A u g. 1966 1_______________________
25 ce n ts
O m a h a , N e b r .—
Iow a , O ct. 1966___________________________
30 ce n ts P a te r son — lifto n — a s s a i c , N. J ., M ay 1967 _____________
C
P
25 ce n ts P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N ov. 1966 1______________________
N
20ce n ts P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r. 1967 ________________________________
20 ce n ts P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1967 1_______________________________
20ce n ts P o r tla n d , M a in e, N ov. 1966----------------------------------------------30ce n ts P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a sh ., M ay 1967_______________________
W
30ce n ts P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck et— a r w ic k , R .I .—M a s s .,
25ce n ts
M ay 1967 1 _________________________________________________
R a le ig h , N .C ., S ept. 1966_________________________________
30 ce n ts
30 cen ts
R ic h m o n d , V a ., N ov. 1966________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1967 ---------- ----------------------------------------30 ce n ts

D a v e n p o rt— o c k Is la n d —M o lin e , Iowa—
R
111.,
O c t. 1966 1______ ___________________________________________
D a y to n , O h io , Jan. 1 9 6 7 __________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1966______________________ __________
D e s M o in e s , Iow a , F e b . 1 9 6 7 ___________________________
D e t r o it , M ic h ., Jan. 1967 1 ______________________________
F o r t W orth , T e x ., N o v . 1966 1__________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , A u g.
1966 1__________________________
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay
1 9 6 7 ___________________________
H o u sto n , T e x ., June 1967_______._________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , In d., D e c . 1966____________________________

1 5 3 0 -1 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 7 ,

30ce n ts
25ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30ce n ts
25 cen ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25c e n ts

1 5 3 0 -4 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 ,

20 c e n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20cen ts
25 ce n ts

1 5 3 0 -6 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 8 ,

30c e n ts
30 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20cen ts

J a c k s o n , M is s ., F e b . 1 9 6 7 ___________________ - __________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., Jan. 1967 1 --------------------------------------K a n sa s C ity , M o .— a n s ., N ov. 1966_____________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1 9 6 7 -------------H
L ittle R o c k — o rth L it tle R o c k , A r k ., Aug. 1966 1_____
N
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h and A n ah eim —
Santa A n a G a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif ., M a r. 1967 1
____________________
L o u is v ille , K y.— n d ., F e b . 1967 1 ___________ ____________
I
L u b b o ck , T e x ., June 1 9 6 7 _______________________________
M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., A u g. 1966 1--------------------------------------M e m p h is , T e n n .— r k . , Jan. 1 9 6 7 ----------------------------------A
M ia m i, F la ., D e c . 1966__________________________ ___ —----M id land and O d e s s a , T e x ., June 1 9 6 7 __________________


1 Data on
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ establishment
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

1 4 6 5 -8 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 0 ,

A rea

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

B u lle tin n u m ber
and p r ic e
1 5 3 0 -7 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 2 ,
1 5 3 0-5 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 2 ,

30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
40 ce n ts

1 5 3 0 -8 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 ,

25 cen ts
25 ce n ts

1 5 3 0 -1 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 5 ,
1 5 3 0-5 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 9 ,

25 cen ts
25 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
20 cen ts
30 ce n ts
20 cen ts
25 ce n ts

1 5 3 0-7 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 8 ,

30
20
25
20

St. L o u is , M o.—
111., O ct. 1966 1___________________________
S alt L a k e C ity , Utah, D e c . 1966 1________________________
San A n to n io , T e x ., June 1967 1 ___________________________
San B e r n a r d in o — iv e r s id e — n t a r io , C a lif .,
R
O
S ep t. 1966__________________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif ., N ov. 1966 1____________________________
San F r a n c is c o — a k la n d , C a lif ., Jan. 1967 1_____________
O
San J o s e , C a lif ., Sept. 1966_______________________________
Savannah, G a ., M ay 1 9 6 7 _________________________________
S cra n to n , P a ., A ug. 1966--------------------------------- -----------------S ea ttle—E v e r e t t, W a sh ., O c t. 1966________________________

1 5 3 0 -2 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 3 ,
1 5 3 0-8 4 ,

30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 cen ts

1 5 3 0 -1 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 0 ,
1 5 3 0-6 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 2 ,

25
25
30
20
20
20
25

cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts

S iou x F a lls , S. D a k ., O ct. 1966___________________________
South B en d , In d ., M a r. 1967 ______________________________
S p ok an e, W a s h ., June 1 9 6 6 ___________ _____________________
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , S ep t. 1966 1 _____________
T o le d o , O hio—M ic h ., F e b . 1967 1_________________________
T r e n to n , N .J ., D e c . 1966 1___ ________________ _____________
W a sh in gton , D .C .—M d.— a ., O ct. 1966 1_________________
V
W a te rb u ry , C o n n ., M a r. 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------------------W a t e r lo o , Iow a , N ov. 1966 1_______________________________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., O ct. 1966 1_____________ __________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1967 ------------------------------------------Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1967 ......................................................................
Y ou n gstow n — a r r e n , O h io , N ov. 1966----------------------------W

1 5 3 0 -1 2 ,
1 5 3 0-5 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -9 ,
15 3 0-5 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 5 ,
1 5 3 0-5 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 9 ,

20
20
20
25
30
25
30
20
25
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts