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L a.s;
/7?cT 'JX
AREA WAGE SURVEY
Houston, Texas, Metropolitan Area,
April 1974
B u lle tin 1 7 9 5 -2 2




M C U m iT COLLECTION
'•t'83

1976

Dayton & Montgomery Co

Public Library

U.S. D EPA R TM EN T OF LABOR
■ Bureau of Labor Statistics




ANNOUNCEMENT
A r e a W a ge S u r v e y s b u lle tin s w ill b e is s u e d o n c e e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e b u lle tin s w ill c o n ta in in fo r m a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s
and s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e fit s as w e ll as e a r n in g s .
In th e in t e r im y e a r s ,
su p p le m e n ts c o n ta in in g data on e a r n in g s o n ly w ill b e is s u e d at no
a d d itio n a l c o s t s to h o ld e r s o f the A r e a W a ge b u lle tin .
If you w is h
to r e c e i v e t h e s e s u p p le m e n t s , p le a s e c o m p le t e th e c o u p o n s lis t e d on
the la s t p a ge o f th is b u lle tin and m a il to a n y o f the B L S r e g io n a l
a d d r e s s e s lis t e d on the b a ck c o v e r .
No fu r t h e r a c tio n on y o u r p a rt
is n e c e s s a r y .
E a ch y e a r , y ou w ill r e c e i v e th e s u p p le m e n t w hen it
is p u b lis h e d .

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u lt s o f an A p r i l 1974 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a rn in g s and
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fit s in th e H o u s to n , T e x a s , S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a
( B r a z o r i a , F o r t B e n d , H a r r i s , L ib e r t y , and M o n tg o m e r y C o u n t ie s ).
T h e su rv e y w as m ade
a s p a rt o f the B u rea u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s ' a nn ual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
The p rog ra m
is d e s ig n e d to y ie ld data f o r in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s , a s w e ll a s n a tio n a l and r e g io n a l
e s tim a te s f o r a ll S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in th e U n ited S ta te s , e x clu d in g
A la s k a and H a w a ii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a t io n in th e a r e a w a ge s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n e e d to d e s c r i b e the
le v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e t s , th ro u g h the a n a ly s is o f (1) the
le v e l and d is t r ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n , and (2) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l
c a t e g o r y and s k ill le v e l.
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a t io n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y
p u r p o s e s , in clu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is t r a t io n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m in in g pla n t lo c a t io n .
S u rv e y r e s u lt s a ls o a r e u s e d b y the U .S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r
to m a k e w a ge d e t e r m in a tio n s u n d er the S e r v ic e C o n tr a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t ly , 94 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in the p r o g r a m . (S ee l is t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a ck
c o v e r .)
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t io n a l e a rn in g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly .
In fo r m a tio n on
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f it s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y s e c o n d y e a r in the
p a s t , is n ow o b ta in e d e v e r y th ir d y e a r . R e s u lts o f th e n e x t tw o ann ual s u r v e y s , p r o v id in g
e a r n in g s data o n ly , w ill b e is s u e d a s f r e e s u p p le m e n ts to th is b u lle tin . T h e su p p le m e n ts m a y
b e o b ta in e d f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s . (S ee b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)
E a ch y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a ge s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y
b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s to g e th e r data f o r e a ch m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s u r v e y e d .
T h e s e c o n d s u m m a r y b u lle tin p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l and r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m
in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a da ta .
T h e H o u s to n s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c te d b y the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e in D a lla s , T e x .,
u n d e r the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f B o y d B . O 'N e a l, A s s o c i a t e A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r f o r
O p e r a t io n s .
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld n ot h ave b e e n a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t the c o o p e r a t io n o f the
m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a la r y data p r o v id e d the b a s is f o r th e s t a t is t ic a l in fo r m a tio n
in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u rea u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n f o r th e c o o p e r a t io n
r e c e iv e d .

Note:
A r e p o r t on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a ge p r o v is io n s is a v a ila b le
f o r h o s p ita ls (A u g u st 1 9 7 2). A ls o a v a ila b le a r e lis t in g s o f u n io n w a g e r a te s f o r b u ild in g
t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p lo y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s ,
and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f t h e s e a r e a v a ila b le f r o m th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o ffic e s .
(S ee b a c k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

V

Bulletin 1795-22
September 1974

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R , Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Houston, Texas, Metropolitan Area, April 1974
CONTENTS
Page
2

In tr o d u c tio n

T a b le s :
A.

E a r n in g s :
A -l.
W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s
A - l a . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s —la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
A -2 .
W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s
A - 2 a . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s —la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
A -3 .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x
A -3 a .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x — r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
la
A -4 .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in te n a n ce and p o w e rp la n t w o r k e r s
A - 4 a . H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in te n a n ce and p o w e rp la n t w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
A -5 .
H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s
A - 5 a . H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s —la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in te n a n c e , p o w e r p la n t ,
c u s t o d ia l, and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s , b y s e x
A - 6 a . A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in te n a n c e , p o w e r p la n t , c u s t o d ia l, and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s !, b y s e x —la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
A -7 .
In d e x e s o f e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
A -8 .
P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s te d f o r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a ge p r o v is io n s :
B -l.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts and c le r k s
B -2 .
L a t e -s h ift pay p r o v is io n s f o r m a n u fa c tu r in g plan t w o r k e r s
B -3 .
S ch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s
B -4 .
A n n u a l p a id h o lid a y s
B - 4 a . I d e n tific a t io n o f m a j o r p a id h o lid a y s
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t io n p r o v is io n s
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plan p r o v is io n s

3

6
8
10
12
14
15
16
17
19
20
21

22
23

24
25
26
27
28
29
32

34 A p p e n d ix A .
37 A p p e n d ix B .

S c o p e and m e th o d o f s u r v e y
O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s




F o r s ale b y th e S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 , G P O B o o k s t o r e s , o r
B L S R e g io n a l O f f ic e s lis te d o n b a c k c o v e r . P r ic e 8 5 c e n ts . M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le t o S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s .

1

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 94 in w h ic h th e U .S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and
r e la t e d b e n e fit s on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . In th is a r e a , da ta w e r e o b ta in e d
b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u re a u f ie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r ­
t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il
t r a d e ; f ir m ic e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u s t r y
g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the
c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s h av in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d . S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

p la n t w o r k e r s .
T h e f i r s t o f t h e s e , ta b le A - 7 , m e a s u r e s c h a n g e s in
a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f th e f o u r o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s o v e r t i m e .
W h e re
p o s s i b l e , da ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s and m a n u fa c tu r in g .
T a b le A - 8 p r e s e n t s a n o th e r m e a s u r e o f w a g e m o v e m e n t s . T he p e r c e n t s
o f ch a n g e r e p o r t e d f o r th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s a r e c o m p u te d to e lim in a t e
c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s a m o n g e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts a s w e ll a s t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d in s u r v e y
s a m p le s . W h e re p o s s i b l e , d a ta a l s o a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g .
A p p e n d ix A d i s c u s s e s m o r e f u lly d i f f e r e n c e s b e tw e e n th e s e t a b le s .
B - s e r i e s t a b le s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r e s e n t in fo r m a t io n on m in im u m e n tr a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v is io n s and p r a c t i c e s f o r
pla n t w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu r in g ; and d a ta s e p a r a t e ly f o r plan t and o f f i c e
w o r k e r s on s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p a id
h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s .

A - s e r i e s t a b le s
T a b le s A - l th ro u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s t im a t e s o f s t r a ig h t -t im e
h o u r ly o r w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s c o m m o n to a
v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s .
O c c u p a tio n s
w e r e s e le c t e d f r o m th e fo llo w in g c a t e g o r i e s : (a) O f fic e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o ­
f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l, (c ) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t , and (d) c u s t o d ia l
and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t .
In th e 22 la r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , t a b le s A - l a
th ro u g h A - 6 a p r o v id e s im il a r da ta f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500
w ork ers or m ore.

A p p e n d ix e s
T h is b u lle tin h a s tw o a p p e n d ix e s .
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s th e
m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v id e s
in fo r m a t io n on th e s c o p e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y .
It a ls o p r o v id e s i n f o r ­
m a tio n on la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e . A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s
jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d b y B u r e a u f ie ld e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s in
o c c u p a t io n s f o r w h ic h s t r a ig h t -t im e e a r n in g s in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d .

F o llo w in g th e o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e t a b le s a r e tw o t a b le s p r o v id in g
in d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s , in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , s k ille d m a in t e n a n c e 'w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d




2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Houston, Tex., April 1974
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv
t

t

|$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard

70

t

S

$

HEN

Median ^

Middle ranged

*

$

*

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

-

33
33
6

44
44
12

35
33
28

2
2
2

12
12
12

27
25
12

1
1
1

5
4

3
3

17
16

25
24

“

15
12

26
25

30
29

36
34

1
-

70
13
57
-

and
u n d er

ANO W O M E N COM B I N E D

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE! ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------WHOLESALE TRADE --------

154
150
73

40.0
40.0
40.0

$
103.50
103.00
108.00

$
100.00
100.00
103.50

$
$
95.50-121.00
95.00-120.50
100.00-123.00

66
60

38.5
38.0

124.00
124.00

126.00
126.00

117.50-132.50
117.50-129.50

120
101

40.5
40.5

113.00
108.50

110.50
109.50

105.50-117.00
101.00-113.50

1,974
500
1,474
241
748
126
218

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0

156.00
160.50
154.50
165.50
161.00
131.00
145.00

150.00
151.50
149.00
158.00
158.00
130.00
140.00

3,058

39.5

119.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING --------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------CLERKS,

80

80

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS

A

—

MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------WHOLESALE TRADE -------RETAIL TRADE ----------SERVICES ---------------

*

_
“

-

-

131.50-173.50
132.00-177.50
131.00-172.00
133.00-181.00
137.00-182.00
121.00-140.00
130.50-160.00

-

-

1
-

~

~

116.50

104.50-130.50

-

100

381

32
21
-

1
1

_

14
13

14

135
25
110
25
59
2
2

231
64
167
18
32
40
47

366
96
270
33
109
32
60

184
36
148
29
64
18
21

242
71
17 1
25
103
2
33

191
34
1 57
14
90
4
41

161
47
114
36
59
2
11

90
10
80
16
55
5

72
30
42
2
34

502

585

332

169

119

96
6
90
87
3

35
29
6
6

23
19
4
4

7
1
6
3
3

5
3

-

7
3

2
2

2
1
1

3
3
1
2

53

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------WHOLESALE TRADE -------RETAIL TRADE -----------SERVICES--- -------------

745

4 0 .0

1 2 0.50

1 1 5.00

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

2,313
572
766
404
254

39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
39.0

118.50
133.00
114.00
115.00
113.50

117.00
131.00
114.00
116.50
111.50

104.00-130.50
117.00-150.00
95.00-127.50
102.00-129.50
104.50-123.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

97
81

39.5
39.5

144.00
137.50

130.00
126.00

117.00-155.00
116.50-151.50

-

-

2

8

28

-

“

2

7

27

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRADE -

276
247
26
51

39.0
39.0
40.0
40.0

106.50
106.00
144.00
115.50

98.00
96.50
112.50
104.50

92.50-108.00
92.00-104.50
88.00-210.50
99.00-140.00

_
-

32
32
9

126
124
1

6

8

58
45
2
16

20
16
3
5

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING -PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRADE SERVICES -------

643

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

90.50
98.50
89.50
98.50
99.00
89.00

86.50
96.00
85.50
101.50
85.00
84.50

83.00- 93.50
92.00-102.50
82.50- 91.00
92.50-107.00
82.50-122.50
82.00- 91.00

1
-

577
29
91
169

110
34
76
8

49
18
31
13

25
4
21

6

5

5

-

427
7
420
4
47
124

25

10

903
311
592
394
142

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

136.00
145.00
131.00
146.50
94.50

128.00
134.00
126.00
132.50
91.00

111.50-163.50
123.00-169.00
101.00-156.00
117.50-177.50
82.50-103.00

17

91

35
2
33
1
32

68
27
41
10
16

CLERKS, PAVROLL ----MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRAOE RETAIL TRADE
SERVICES

537
216
321
79
64
65
58

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
.40.0
40.0

147.50
152.50
144.50
187.50
140.50
134.00
115.50

142.00
146.00
141.50
216.00
143.00
150.00
107.00

121.00-162.00
125.50-182.50
115.00-153.50
143.00-220.00
131.50-151.00
109.00-153.50
103.50-124.00

10
2
8

79
13
66
5
3
15
39

40
4
36
5
31

48
15
33
3
30

3

3
1
2
2

2
1
1
1

_

-

-

-

-

:

:

2
2

-

2
2
2

2
2
2

2
2
2

59
28
31
31

22

2

7
15
15

1

12

2

1
1

23
23

-

16
16
-

25
23
2
1
-

26
2
24
24

10
10
-

28
4
24
7
17

27
5
22
18
4

66

13

69

87

312

3

4

51

173
53

33

22

1
-

-

-

17
17

91
25
51

-

1

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

4
1

See fo o t n o t e * a t en d o f t a b le * .




3

701
219
482
72
119
82
90

138

120

63

28

38

364
93
115

465
103
151
93
48

269
105

141
49

66

44

81
48
30

51
40

42
-

3

2

12
12

10
9

8

2
-

8
5
-

8
8

-

1
1
-

2

2

8

1

16
3
13

191
94
97
72
12

71
32
39
34

36
13
23
10

50
28
22
22

39
19
20
5
2
6
1

67
44
23
1
8

57
24
33
1
11
5
1

79
19
60
14
22
l
7

66
20
46
2
13
26
5

17
15
2
2
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

:

:

:

:

:

3
2

i
-

-

2
1

-

i
-

2
2
2

2
2
2

-

_

-

-

10
3
7
7

12
12

15

106
20
86
77
9

-

15

13

11
8
3
3
-

-

2

11
9

8
4
4
2
2

3

10

CLERKS, OROER MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING —
WHOLESALE TRADE RETAIL TRADE

52
19
33
3
27

50
52

-

_

-

3
2
1

15

4

•

4

51

21

2*

30
30

29
29

17
5
12
3
4
5

14
11
3

35

2

5

1
2

9
5
4
4
-

-

-

-

12

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Houston, Tex., April 1974— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
t

*
weekly
houn1
[standard)

70
Mean *

Median *

Middle ranged

t

*

80

90

AND

*

120

*

130

S

1 40

*

150

t

»

1 60

17 0

*

180

*

190

*

200

t

210

*

220

*

230

$

$

240

250

$

260

lo g

110

- 120

5

77
30
47
1
8
5

36
7
79
10
33
15

132
49
83
15
33
9

91
23
68
3
32
9

2 79
24
255
20
85
23

3 20
63
2 57
18
79
50

174

59

90

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
2
11

130 .. i * o

180

190

6

31
13
18
1
17

150

1 60

1 70

131
24
1 07
8
41
23

90
22
68
8
16
20

68
18
50
2
10
18

46
8
38

-

-

-I

19
2

3
3

260
34
2 26
37
52
42

118
31
87
7
24
11

70
25
45
12
8
19

25
1
24
10
14

20
1
19
18
1

15

2 00

210

28

20
1
19
19

220

230

240

250

2 60

270
and

-

270 o v e r

WOMEN C O M B I N E D CONTINUED
$

$

$

7 21
1 73
5 48
92
181
95

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 3 4 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0 -1 9 9 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

1 ,2 4 0
2 05
1 ,0 3 5
135
3 37
1 54

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

M E S S E N G E R S I O F F I C E B O Y S A N D G I R L S >M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------

482
97
385
64
113
54

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

9 5 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
8 7 . 5 0 - 9 8 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------

5 ,8 4 9
1 ,2 6 0
4 ,5 8 9
993
1 ,3 0 7
276
9 52

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 9 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0
1 4 8 .5 0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0

1 3 4 .5 0 -1 7 6 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0 -1 7 9 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0 -2 0 5 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0 -1 8 4 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0 -1 6 0 .5 0

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------

381
91
290
70
98
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 7 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0
2 0 2 .5 0
2 2 4 .5 0
2 0 9 .0 0
1 9 8 .5 0

1 9 5 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0
2 0 3 .5 0
2 3 3 .5 0
2 0 8 .0 0
2 0 4 .0 0

1 6 1 .5 0 -2 3 1 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0 -1 9 9 .5 0
1 6 7 .0 0 -2 3 9 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -2 7 6 .5 0
1 7 4 .0 0 -2 4 4 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0 -2 2 4 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------

1 ,3 1 0
2 53
1 ,0 5 7
235
3 21
80
146

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 7 3 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 0
1 9 6 .5 0
1 8 7 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 9 3 .0 0
1 8 0 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------

1 ,4 5 3
2 79
1 ,1 7 4
2 63
358
71
236

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 2 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 7 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0

1 5 6 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 8 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS
MANUFACTURING
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

*

110

and
u n d er

80

MEN

*

*

100

CLASS

B --------

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s :

$

-

9

-

5
-

1

28
20

r
-

16
1
15
2
10

-

1

116
13
103
4
47
17
20

2 89
38
2 51
9
42
50
81

730
190
540
46
136
35
152

8 71
2 04
6 67
92
195
36
154

7 93
1 54
6 39
1 04
185
35
1 70

659
113
5 46
131
122
18
129

-

-

8
4
4
2

17
12
5

17

-

.
-

22

-

-

28
14
14

-

-

“

10

1 4 7 .0 0 -1 9 2 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0 -1 8 7 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0 -1 9 4 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0 -2 0 9 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0 -2 1 8 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0

-

-

-

18
2
16

36
1
35

“

-

“

1 4 1 .0 0 -1 7 4 .0 0
1 4 6 .5 0 -2 0 1 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0 -1 7 1 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 8 3 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

2
2

18

-

2




-

-

-

-

17
16
-

1

6

6

3

-

1

22

37

101
8
93
15
38
5
7

190
21
169
23
43
4
39

224
65
1 59
41
42
18
18

2 76
39
2 37
59
51
13
82

4
4

-

-

•
-

-

7

_

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

94
28
66
42
24

-

-

14

14

104
15
89
33
36
-

-

19

”

25

24
2
22
15
7

1 69
63
106
52
39
6

103
19
84
34
34
5
5

28
8
20

33
19
14
1
2

31

25
13
12
1
4

26
7
19
1

21
6
15
2

7

7

~

4

127
13
114
49
16
4
35

74
21
53
33
18

76
22
54
16
18
5

44

36
19
17

15
5
10
-

11

11

5
11
1

-

-

8
5
5

14
14

2 59
50
2 09
87
41
9
46

14
2

*

25

-

15
1
14

3 50
100
2 50
85
78
16
22

10

-

29
4
25
3

-

395
l 16
2 79
83
83
15
22

-

12

18

92
29
63
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

2

10
1

79
7
72
12
15
1
17

13 at $270 to $ 2 8 0 ; 6 at $300 to $ 3 1 0 ; and 2 at $320 to $ 3 3 0 .

4

-

8

6
9
9

64
29
35
2
12

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le s .

-

22

8
-

1
1
1

627
126
501
82
115
35
112

2
2
-

37
24
13
2
4
4

123
20
103
26
3
24

7
2
5

1

1
-

2
2

3
3
-

4

55
3
29
12

-

7
-

-

28
28

4
1
3
3

14
3
ii
-

14

160
28
50
13

21
21

6

1 66
15
151
3
43

205
49
1 56
27
42
7

188
21
167
41
46

33

11

34

3

127
25
102
29
41
6
“

133
16
117
31
36
3
15

31
2
14
10
167
60
107
20
37
10
“

12
32
2
15
3

2

1

24
1
7

123
9
114
41
71
1
1

68
8
60
26
34

19

8

1
18
5
12

-

-

8

18

3

-

15
29
1
28
8
15

29

34
5
29
7
8

49
8
41
33
7

-

-

-

*

11

1

18

31
4
27
*2 1
5
1

5
-

14

60

9

3

-

-

-

9
6
3

3
2
1
*

-

35

5

7

4

3

3

31

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

-

29
10
19

14
2
12

60
1?
40

“

*

*

1

16
8
8

28
6
22
6
16

20

-

-

5

4

30
23
7
2
5

-

-

-

5

4

4
ii

11

11
1
10
8
2

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Houston, Tex., April 1974— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(stan Jard)
Number

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f —
$

Average

70

of
Mean *

(standard

Median *

Middle range*

AND

s e c r e t a r i e s

!-

90

100

t

110

%

120

$

S

130

140

160

$

t

$

S

150

1 70

180

«

190

$
200

t

2 10

*

220

t

2 30

t

240

*

$

2 50

260

2 70
and

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

1 80

190

2 00

2 10

220

230

14
1

90

80
11

2 02
33

5 57
149

5 72
142

3 86
74

2 76
53

206
48

102
56

76
18
58
47

63
12

33
16

38

34

240

250

*

2

26Q

279

over

WOMEN.COMBINED-CONTINUED
CONTINUED

$
!?x

r IJd L 1 L U 1 1 L I 1 1 t o
iC 1A 1L 1HAUL
C
o t KV l e t j

^ 09
513

1 4 8 .0 0

n ar
/ *»r

i

* Tnn
3 ;J!J
Viz
333

*
0 17

$
1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
}”

i S-r*nn

/ n #n 1 3 0 * 0 0
39 0 1 3 5 . 0 0

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

1 36 00
1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0

" n }7
-lo ^ f , 3 *

i f i rn
1 7 / in
i 77
131 0 0

i !■ )

^0*0

nn

1 3 "* 0 0

2

£

39*5

i l .i nn
1 '^ * 5 0

1 0 4 .0 0 1

J 2 ^ * qq u f t o o
^2*2
n or

2 34

42*0

848

3 9 .5

-n n
3 00

39*5

1 2 . *22

1 1 4 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0
“ 2*22

1 1 0 .0 0
J2i*22

147

100

46

67

144

93

114

30

43

if
77
2

1 71

An

rn

t?

T6

24

rr
A/
aj
22

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0

1f j7

15 i

/ /

1

7f
%

FZ
t2

33

78

8
12

29

n

77
7*
79
24

77

1 A

9 9 .0 0

26

8 4 . 5 ,0 -

-

58

7

j
1
7;

2

3

2

77
35

136
126

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

28

2
3

2 62

158

103

IT!

1 ?r
l ?7

10

93

24
ft
re

11

*1
11

10

4

3

r
e

3
2

Fr

32

^00
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 34 0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0

3 80
108
190

***'

900
2 43
6 57
99

i 7A nn 1 2 '

28

6

26

10

1 2 1 .0 0 1 3 7 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0
98*50

9 5 .0 0 1 1 1 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 1 1 4 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 1 3 9 .5 0
9 2 • 5 0 -1 0 4 * 0 0

67
17
50

359
76
2 83
19

See fo o t n o t e * at and o f table*.




53

48
14

2 36
68
168

130
59
71

ii
ii

13

00

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

5

-

17

.
£

nn

117*00
1 1 7 .5 0

1 0 8 .5 0 .1 0 2 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

21

2

14
14

106

1

16
52

zl

~~

in

56

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

20

10

An
140

2

13

AT

32

139

78

23

H
??

in i
45
13

27
21

OPERATORS.

tor

TYPISTS* CLASS B
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING

zzz

r?

1 0 6 .5 0
TRANSCRIBING-HACHINE
GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING

2 77

IT

1

33

22

8
i_Z

12

1

2

1 0 8 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

_

13

tr

J t?*2 2

119 '0
99*^ 0 1 0 1 .5 0
94.0 01
9 3 .0 0

86

re

i 77 nn
1 35 00

4 0 .5

42

10

}? 2 * 2 2 ?2 ?* 2 2
-to ^ i
nn i c o n n
/n n i y « nn
181 00
1 4 2 .0 0

39
15

10

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 5 .5 0

^0 0 1 8 0 * 0 0
3 9 .5 1 3 8 .0 0

^rn
17
5 77

OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

1 5 8 .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0

*°°

ICP

K t 1A 1 L 1KAUt
jtK V IL tj

$
$
1 2 7 .0 0 1 2 8 .0 0 -

J^2*22
i a i nn

396
70

SWITCHBOARD

80

t

and
u n d er
80

MEN

*

t

*

J
6

32

44
15
29
11

37
32
31

8
8
8

8
,

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

Table A-1a. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Houston, Tex., April 1974
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y di v i s i o n

Number
of
workeR

%

Average
weekly

hOUR1
(standard]

*
70

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

AND

WOMEN

80

90

S
100

*
110

%

$
120

130

s

S
140

150

s

*
160

170

s
180

S
190

%

S
200

210

%

8
220

230

%

*
240

250

*

260

and
under
80

MEN

t

*

270
and

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

1
-

8
4

99

92

91

101

43

27

30
69

13
79
4

10
81

25
76

107
18
89

69

29

12

4

53
19
34

85

1

11
16

11

11

36

14

78

80
8

92

6

3

2
90

2
4

8
4
4

230

240

36

39

18

4
32

8
31

4
14

220

250

260

270

8

3

9

4
4

3
-

8

over

COMBINEO
$
166.50

$
162.00

172.00
164.50
156.00

162.00
161.50

40.0
39.5

123.50

121.00

115.50

112.00

40.0

125.50

123.00

40.0

105.50

103.50

109.00-141.50
93.00-118.50

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

904

40.0

227
677

39.5
40.0

132

40.0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

1,189
249
940
208

166.00

$

$

138.00-186.00

-

-

131.50-201.00
140.50-183.50
127.00-175.00

-

-

-

-

-

“

25

56
16

107.00-138.00
97.50-129.50

-

53

139

171

206

207

-

13

63

38

48

40

76

133

158

28
179

110

12
66

33

53

46

30

22

20

4

6
138
28

72

10
59

31
2

15
15

“

1

3

1

1

3
1

2
1

-

-

1

3
-

2

3

2

1

-

-

1
1

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

A ------------------

54

39.5

152.00

131.00

116.00-187.00

-

-

2

8

9

8

3

2

1

3

-

7

2

2

-

3

1

-

2

-

1

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

134
125
26

39.5
39.5
40.0

112.00
111.50
144.00

99.50
99.00
112.50

93.50-115.50
93.00-114.50
88.00-210.50

_

49
47

17
16

5

-

-

2

2

2

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

-

2
2

-

-

i
i

-

3

2
2
2

_

5

2
1

i

2

1
1

-

23
21
2

5

-

21
21
9

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

C --------------------------------------

131
109

39.5
39.5

95.50
95.00

92.50
91.00

88.00-101.50
87.50-102.00

1
1

51
50

----------------------------------------------------------------

219
177
137

39.5
39.0

116.CO
105.50

85.00-137.00
83.50-121.00
82.50-101.50

17
17
17

7

12
4

13
2

9
4

3

1
1

2
-

-

-

-

-

2

2
1

-

5

-

-

-

93.50

102.50
95.00
90.00

2
2

39.0

51

39.5

160.00
170.00
153.50
190.50

148.00
176.50
1 39.00
216.00

120.50-206.00
135.00-200.00
115.50-215.50

_
-

15

8

8
5

26

1
7

5
2

6

7
8

3

2
4

2
24
24

10
10

3
3

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

141.50
138.00

133.50
133.50
133.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

71
9

36

17

13

8

5

4

62

28
16

12

9

*

-

-

6
6

5

7

5

7

CLERKS,

CLERKS,

FILE,

ORDER

CLASS

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

190
71
119

40.0
39.5

52

40.0

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E --------------------

353
89

39.5
40.0
39.5

53

40.0
40.0

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

502

39.5

108
394

39.5

264
84

39.5

129

40.0

97

40.0
39.5

76

M E S S E N G E R S IO F F I C E B O Y S A N D G I R L S I M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E --------------------

232
61
171

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A O E -----------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------

2,533
738
1,795
549

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

50
54

39.5
39.5

156.00-219.00

142.50
168.00
128.CO

194.50
126.00

122.50-154.00
126.50-146.00
120.50-157.00
127.50-199.50
114.50-133.50

123.00
123.50

121.00
121.00

108.00-133.00
112.50-134.00

51
51

1
43

22

8

4

2

28

17

7

4

2

35
33
32

17
16

15
15
9

22
16

11
8

16

7

5

19
5
14

19
4

18
10
8

-

1

8
2

1

6

19
2
17

15

6
6

-

-

“

3

5

1

1

1

2

-

_
-

4

-

25

38
16

37
9

-

37

22

28

-

-

-

i

6

23

8
9

2

-

10
7

85
28
57
15

61
24

-

38
4
34

-

-

6

116
14

94

124

47

46

14

20

32

28

10

18

1

102
18

62
16

96
35

37
7

28

3

1

12

13
10

1
19
18

2

1

31

24

11

8

3

1

13

11

4

10

3
7
7

4
2

4

-

1

23

13
16

12
10
2
1

1

4

-

25
1

-

13

5
8

“
1
-

2
1

1

1
1

28

-

1
1

28

20
1
19

28

19

-

-

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

97

78

_
-

119.50

127.50
120.00

104.00-130.50

114.50

112.50

103.00-128.00

-

ICO.50

94.50
94.50

88.00-104.50

1

76
14

35

16

4

12

4

-

73
20

4

9

1

31

7

22

20

3

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

3

15

21

4

2

-

4

28

98

264

264

172

129

32

104

90

62

258
79

220

7

345
124

322

1

65

-

3

21
4

66

221
52

232
53

202
64

179

155
57

43
129

35
94

9

160
27

57

35
9

-

-

-

9

-

-

2

98.00-113.00

“

62

3
9

3

53

2
2

3

88.50-102.50
87.00- 98.00

123.CO
136.50

106.00
99.00

120.50

106.00-133.00
115.50-154.00

87.00-119.50

39.5
40.0

99.50

94.50
91.50

40.0

106.50

103.00

39.5

165.00

158.00

137.50-185.50

39.5

160.00

151.50

5

24

2

1

3

23

1

4
9

“

133.50-178.50

3

3

2

40.0
40.0

167.00
175.50

159.50
170.00

139.00-188.00
148.50-196.00

-

191

39.5

145.00
146.50

126.50-165.00
133.00-167.00

“

-

5

17

35

26

25

1

3

15

16

25

31

18
19

25

40.0

146.50
151.50

2

157
12B

40.0

210.50

209.50

178.00-241.00

-

2

1

1

217.50

220.00

196.00-245.00

-

2

40.0

_
-

-

103

-

2

-

1

1

11
6

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




“

6

65
11

3

-

1

-

7

7
7

2

1
2

15
15

11
7

16

6
6

6

i
13
10

61

56

30

9

9

67
26

69

22
34

34

52
19

2

-

-

2

5

4

13
12

8
8

10
9

14

-

11
1
1

12

15

10

14

3

3

1

Table A-la. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Houston, Tex., April 1974— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
1

$

*

s

*

s

i

f

J

t

S

$

8

*

i

s

l

i

T

MEN

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

"i—
270

80

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

over

-

-

-

2

1

2

6

3

4

19

16

16

10

33
6

1

12

27

18

21

13

8

105

97

48
12

32
10

26

11

21
84

84

36

22

28

31

8

70
Mean

^

Median

^

and
under|

Middle ranged

and

AND WOMEN COMBINED—
CONTINUED

SECRETARIES! - C O N T I N U E D |
$
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

87

39.0

^

^

$

$

173.00

176.00

162.00-188.00

782

1U J*0u

40.0

j

^

101*00

166.00-198.50

3

3

164.00

159.00

143.50151.00-

175.50
219.00

16

45

83

131
24

128
16

158.50

131

0.0

$

156.50
158.00

142.00142.50-

172.00
171.50

12
40.0

40
15

76

107

23

28

112
34

162.00

13

13

11

242
109

171

99

68

41

50
15

29

108

57

34

15

35

17

J0.0
r U u L l v, U 1 1 L 1 1 1 c j
61

39.5

146.00

150.00

137.00-

1,135

39.5

151.50
147.00

141.00

10^

5

129.00-163.50

i:
j

/

3

0

40.0

134.00

131.00

Z36

io o n n
.ii ««
133*00
ic f

/ n n i a i nn
^n n
/ n n 1/ 5*00
i 4 c nn

SWITCHBOARD

OPERATORS,

CLASS

A

--------

106

39.5

250
52
198
30

40.5
40.0
40.5
40.0

73

39.5

139.50

108.50
122.50
104.50
129.50
97.50

7

155.00

J
1

i1 . 0 0
l ’ SS

133.00

103.00
118.50
100.00
114.50

62

40.0

131.00

123.00

40 0
39.5

127

12 7

40.0
40

113
328

See fo o t n o t e s

0

40.0
39.5

50

121.00

00

121.50

102

13

16

15

62

115

162

93

45

30

z?

22

3 f

i

67
2

67
2

00

_

28
19

76

155.50
166.50

94.50108.00-

3

118.00
133.00

92.50103.00-

-

-

66

31

62

108.00

112.50119.50-

i

31

113.50
147.50

112.50-146.50

13

56
14
42

J
22

35
10
25

19

w
1

128

66

74
20
54

28

108
69

23
105
46

10
56
23

14

14

10

9

13

37
16

25

21

16

3

10
10

11

22
10

-

-

4

7

3'

1 0 7 . CO

105.50

97.50-

115.50

4

1

101.50

94.50-

108.50

23

9

4

4

-

_

I1 1
"

7

126

11

2

_

r

33

2
5
.

02

2

31
113

3

9

1

2

1
l

12

25
12
13

34

22

10

31

22

17

11

6

3

10

16

8

-

-

8

12

20

1

11
1
10
10

33
19
14

30
18
12

49
40

-

2

2

3

8
1

4

8
8

ii

102.50

16

20

20
20

_
2

1

ii
ii

37

12

17

J
3

12
8

11
15

1
23
21
2

a
3

15

129.50
136.00

50

138
30

J?

13

130.50-194.50
136.00-168.50

117.00124.00-

34
42

03
23

26

1

3

3

10

-

00

1 2 3 . ->0
1 '!4

15

at end o f t a b le s .




111

1

118.00-144.50

84.50-

27

OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

50

2
27

144.50
151.00

50

99

SWITCHBOARD

123.50121.50-

121* >

nn

220

225

L8

2

128.00

j
A n n
/0.0
n n

208
97

{ / / Q 0

84

61 f
l

77
27

1

r
,

^iO

5

21

^7n
r U u L 1 L U 1 1 L 11 1 l j
nn LL L j A L t IKAUt

3

40

7
7
2
.

i

-

2

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Houston, Tex., April 1974
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)_____

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

t
O c c u p a tio n ajid in d u s t r y d iv is io n

i
90

weekly
hours1
(standard)

s
1 00

t
110

i
120

t
130

i
1 40

t
1 50

t

s

t

t

t

t

t

1 60

1 70

180

1 90

2 00

210

220

t

t

t

t

230

240

250

260

t

t

270

280

2 90

and

u n d er
100

HEM AMO WOMEN

110

120

130

1 40

150

160

170

180

1 90

200

2 10

2 20

230

240

250

260

270

2B0

290

over

-

-

-

-

“

27
23
1
17

35
29
9
6

33
32
13
12

26
26
8
13

26
26
12
9

29
29
13
4

10
7
2
4

12
12
3
7

1
1
1
~

10
8
1
6

5
2
2
“

9
8
1
6

-

-

3
3
1
2

-

-

6
4
1
3

29
1
28
2
8

18
3
15
3
5

21
10
11
7

13
2
11
8

9
2
7
4

6
2
4
3

4
2
2
1

-

-

-

-

>
7

1

1

33
26

19
19

* 60
57

7
3
-

C0.MBINED

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- --------------W H O L E S A L E T R A 0 E -----------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

232
210
68
89

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 9 9 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0
2 0 2 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0

$
1 9 6 .0 0
1 9 6 .5 0
2 0 2 .0 0
1 9 3 .0 0

$
$
1 7 5 .0 0 -2 1 6 .5 0
1 7 7 .5 0 -2 1 5 .5 0
1 8 6 .5 0 -2 1 7 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0 -2 2 2 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------S E R V I C E S ---------* -----------------

5 43
103
440
49
128

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 7 8 .0 0
1 6 4 .0 0

1 5 9 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 4 3 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -2 1 3 .0 0
15 l • 0 0 -1 7 4 .5 0

_
-

2
2
-

4
4
2
“

47
2
45
1
8

43
6
37
7

118
35
83
12
17

67
14
53
6
14

98
14
84
3
32

64
10
54
4
30

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E -----------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

335
288
57
91

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

2
2
-

52
40
8
24

67
47
18
15

62
62
20
30

60
58
2
10

31
27
3
7

14
12
1

36
34
1
4

9
6
5
“

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

281
245

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 6 2 .5 0
2 6 4 .0 0

2 6 0 .5 0
2 6 2 .0 0

2 3 3 .5 0 -2 8 5 .5 0
2 3 3 .0 0 -2 8 8 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

2 51
202
51
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 2 1 .0 0
2 1 8 .5 0
2 1 1 .0 0
2 4 4 .0 0

2 1 7 .0 0
2 1 3 .0 0
2 1 2 .5 0
2 4 7 .0 0

1 9 6 .0 0 -2 4 3 .5 0
1 9 4 .5 0 -2 4 3 .0 0
1 9 8 .5 0 -2 2 6 .0 0
2 1 7 .5 0 -2 8 6 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

130
95
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 8 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0

1 7 1 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0
1 8 2 .0 0

1 5 8 .0 0 -1 8 4 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0 -1 8 9 .5 0

C OMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E ------------------

202
172
28
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 2 4 .5 0
3 2 5 .0 0
2 9 7 .5 0
3 1 3 .0 0

3 2 2 .5 0
3 2 4 .0 0
2 9 5 .5 0
3 0 5 .0 0

2 9 1 .5 0 -3 5 2 .0 0
2 9 2 .5 0 -3 5 3 .5 0
2 8 0 .5 0 -3 1 7 .5 0
2 9 2 .0 0 -3 4 5 .0 0

C OMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

176
138
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 6 7 .0 0
2 6 9 .5 0
2 5 7 .0 0

2 6 3 .5 0
2 6 7 .0 0
2 6 2 .5 0

2 4 2 .0 0 -2 9 1 .0 0
2 4 6 .0 0 -2 9 2 .5 0
2 4 6 .0 0 -2 7 4 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ---------------

87
83

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 3 3 .5 0
2 3 1 .5 0

2 3 4 .0 0
2 3 3 .0 0

2 1 2 .0 0 -2 5 1 .0 0
2 1 1 .5 0 -2 4 8 .5 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

850
463
3 87
84

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 0 .0 0
2 3 9 .5 0
2 4 1 .5 0
2 2 9 .5 0

2 3 4 .0 0
2 2 6 .0 0
2 4 1 .0 0
2 3 0 .5 0

2 1 8 .0 0 -2 7 0 .0 0
2 1 5 .0 0 -2 7 9 .0 0
2 2 3 .5 0 -2 6 3 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0 -2 4 8 .5 0

*
**
***
•
f

Workers
Workers
Workers
Workers

were
were
were
were

distributed
distributed
distributed
distributed

as
as
as
as

follows:
follows:
follows:
follows:

11
37
11
34

at $ 2 9 0
at $ 2 9 0
at $ 2 9 0
at $ 2 9 0

to
to
to
to

$300; 23 at $ 3 0 0
$300; 15 at $ 3 0 0
$300; 18 at $ 3 0 0
$300; 73 at $ 3 0 0

to
to
to
to

*

“
3
3

-

_
“

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
10
-

4
4
1

*

2
2
“

11
1
1

4
4
2
2

-

7
7
2

28
28
4

13
9

30
26

14
14

25
22

36
27

19
16

29
26

18
14
4
7

32
30
4
16

8
4
1
*

-

3
1
-

“

*

20
18
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

_

1
1

3
3
2
”

6
2
2
~

8
7
3
"

18**157
137
13
6
15
1
53

14
14
1

22
19
5

20
18

9***45
9
37
3
*

7

5
4

5

12
12
1
2

31
25
1
2

35
33
13
1

25
23
8
5

33
20
7
2

23
15
10
2

25
21

20
19
13

16
6
4

4
4
4

1

2
2

11

1

_

9

“

5
5
2

5

_

5

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2

1
1

11
5

12
11

6

1
1

4

-

35
27
8

38
24
14
7

6

_

T

6

4
3
“

20
17
2

31
13

1

14
14

12
12

4
4

17
17

13
13

55

81

42
13
7

1 17
72
45

1 12
47

25
5

3

56

10

65
12

6

7

87

53

22
65
11

16
37

3

34
17
17

2

5

3
18
10

8
1

3
3

2
1

80 n i 4
18 - 96
18
62
12
1

$320; 4 at $ 3 2 0 to $340; .15 at $ 3 4 0 to $360; 7 at $ 3 6 0 to $380.
$320; 29 at $ 3 2 0 to $340; 34 at $ 3 4 0 to $360; 17 at $ 3 6 0 to $380; 3 at $ 3 8 0 to $400; a n d 22 at $ 4 0 0 and over.
$320; 11 at $ 3 2 0 to $340; a n d 5 at $ 3 4 0 to $360.
$320; and 7 at $ 3 2 0 to $340.

8

-

1

9

See -fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




“

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Houston, Tex., April 1974— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)_____

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

1

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

AND

*

I

I

t

t

$

$

$

t

i

i

t~

$

I

*

130

140

150

1 60

170

180

190

2 00

210

220

230

240

250

2 60

270

280

2 90

1 10

1 20

130

140

150

160

1 70

1 80

1 90

200

210

2 20

230

240

250

260

270

2 80

2 90

over

$

27

125
73
52
14
4
34

1 04
45
59

191
77
114
26

113
48
65

113
42
71

7
28

21

12

50

16

10
5
5
2

9
5
4
-

9 20
341
5 79
194
57
3 25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 7 .0 0
1 8 8 .0 0
1 8 7 . OC
2 0 5 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0
1 7 6 .5 0

!$
1 8 4 .5 0
1 8 4 .5 0
1 8 4 .5 0
1 9 8 .5 0
1 8 5 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0

$
$
167.50169.50164.00173.00157.50163.00-

201.50
199.00
203.00
232.00
199.50
194.00

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A 0 E ------------------S E R V I C E S -----------------------------

5 25
268
257
88
52
114

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 8 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0

1 4 4 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 4 3 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0

132.00133.00131.50120.50143.50133.00-

163.50
165.50
162.50
147.50
187.00
165.00

37
18
19
18

D R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

134

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 1 9 .5 0

39
18

1 2 2 .0 0 1 1 7 . 5 0 -

126.00
126.00
126.00

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

647
3 63
2 84

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 8 .5 0
1 7 7 .5 0
2 0 2 .5 0

1 8 8 .0 0
1 6 8 .5 0
2 1 0 .5 0

161.50157.00187.00-

213.50
194.50
218.50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 9 .5 0
2 1 7 .0 0

2 2 1 .5 0
2 1 6 .0 0

2 0 8 .0 0 -

2 3 2 .0 0

200.00-

231.50

105.00-

11
16
7
3

67
35
32
15
4

91
49
42
13

12

99
46
53
21
13
19

64
27
37

7
l
6

3
3

8
5
3

19
16
3

24
23
1

67
34
33
3
8
22
—

79
32
47
7
13
27
-

6

11

21
8

40

77

36

12

34
28
6
4

14
10
4

7
2
5
1

1
2
-

3

-

97
83
14

65
60
5

2 88
1 66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 6 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0
1 9 4 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 0
2 0 6 .5 0

171.50164.00179.50-

208.50
184.00
211.50

33
28
5

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L I R E G I S T E R E D I --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

140
104

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 9 .0 0
1 9 4 .5 0

1 9 2 .5 0
1 9 9 .5 0

164.50173.00-

211.00
216.00

14

11

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

9

—

3

61
34
27

5
4
1
-

3

1

-

-

4

-

-

—

—

66
36
30

31
26
5

60
14
46

16
14

21

—

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S , C L A S S BM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------




I

1 20

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B — ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------S E R V I C E S -----------------------------

122

t

1 10

M0MEN C O M B I N E D CONTINUED

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S , C L A S S AM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

*

1 00

und er
100

MEN

i

i

90

25
10

15
12

35
4

52
24
28

15
10

105
20
85

62

1

37
19
18

55
9
46

Table A-2a. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Houston, Tex., April 1974
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
% ....-

worken

hours1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

HEN

AND

WOMEN

I1

*

% .

8

Mean *

Median *

100

110

120

'
130

140

150

160

170

180

T1
190
200

100

Number

Average

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
4

3
3

10
6

16
13

13
12

.
-

2
2

4
4
2

11
9
1

19
13

32
27
6

29
26
4

41
37
3

20
13
4

18
17
2

14
12

36
34

9
6

90

T

%

r

l

%

I

(

-

240

250

260

270

280

290

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

over

15
15

11
11

13
13

10
7

12
12

1
1

4
2

5
2

3
2

-

-

13
10
3

15
5
-

13
11
8

8
7
4

6
4
3

3
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

3
3

7
6

22
21

8
8

17
14

31
25

12

28
25

29
25

16
16

*20
17

21
13
8

12
8
4

9

8
4
i

-

3
1

2

7
4

7
3

1
1

i
i

3
3
2

6
2
2

7
6
3

16**100
80
11
6
13

8***40
8
32

COMBINED
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
2 0 1 .5 0
2 0 0 .5 0

$
1 9 9 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0

$
$
1 7 6 .0 0 -2 2 4 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0 -2 2 1 .0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

234
187
41

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 7 0 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0
1 8 4 .5 0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0
1 8 7 .5 0

1 4 7 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0 -2 1 4 .0 0

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

C L A S S C -------------------------

170
148

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 3 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0 -1 6 5 .5 0

1
1

5
3

21
16

21
21

35
33

26
22

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

193
169

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 5 .5 0
2 5 4 .5 0

2 5 8 .5 0
2 5 9 .5 0

2 3 4 .0 0 -2 7 4 .0 0
2 3 2 .5 0 -2 7 4 .5 0

•

*

”

"

*

*

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

152
103
43

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 1 7 .5 0
2 1 0 .5 0
2 1 1 .5 0

2 1 6 .5 0
2 0 7 .0 0
2 1 6 .0 0

1 9 7 .5 0 -2 3 2 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0 -2 2 8 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0 -2 2 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

66
58
41

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 7 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0

1 7 8 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0
1 8 2 .0 0

1 6 3 .5 0 -1 8 9 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0 -1 8 8 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0 -1 8 9 .5 0

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

134
104
26

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 2 1 . CO 3 1 9 . 5 0
3 2 1 .5 0 3 2 2 .0 0
2 9 5 .5 0 2 9 2 .5 0

2 9 0 .0 0 -3 4 8 .0 0
2 9 5 .0 0 -3 4 9 .0 0
2 7 9 .0 0 -3 0 8 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

13 4
111

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 7 2 .0 0
2 7 2 .5 0

2 7 0 .5 0
2 7 1 .5 0

2 5 0 .5 0 -2 9 5 .5 0
2 5 3 .5 0 -2 9 4 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

57
53

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 4 2 .5 0
2 3 9 .5 0

2 4 4 .0 0
2 4 2 .5 0

2 2 4 .0 0 -2 5 9 .0 0
2 2 1 .0 0 -2 5 4 .5 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

254
16 8
86
68

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 7 .5 0
2 2 6 .0 0
2 2 9 .5 0
222.00

222.00
220.00
2 3 0 .0 0
2 2 3 .0 0

2 0 3 .0 0 -2 4 7 .0 0
2 0 4 .0 0 -2 4 5 .5 0
2 0 1 .0 0 -2 5 4 .0 0
1 9 5 .5 0 -2 4 3 .0 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

249
142
107
78

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 0 .5 0
1 9 1 . 0C
1 9 0 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0

1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0
1 8 6 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 0

1 6 7 .5 0 -2 0 8 .0
1 7 0 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0
1 6 1 .5 0 -2 2 4 .0
1 5 4 .5 0 -2 0 7 .5

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

214
114
100
80

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 8 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0

1 4 6 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0

13
14
12
12

W ork ers
W ork ers
W ork ers
W ork ers

*

1

1

230

and

122
103

*
**
***
■
f

*

220

and

Middle range*

C L A S S A -------------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

*

f

~%

210

w ere
w ere
w ere
w ere

d is t r ib u t e d
d is t r ib u t e d
d is t r ib u t e d
d is t r ib u t e d

as
as
as
as

fo l lo w s :
fo l lo w s :
fo l lo w s :
fo l lo w s :

*

*

_
-

-

“

“

“

“

1
1
1

*

2
2

*

1
1
1

“

-

•

4
4
2

“

10
10
1

14
8
i

19
17
9

19
17
8

24
11
5

7
7
2

8
8
4

18
14
11

14
14
13

10
6
4

4
4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

*

*

_

-

6
3

4
3

8
5

12

9

13
13

20
17

20
18

4
4

8
8

4
4

7
7

13
13

7
7

5
4

5
3

1
1

2
1

34
26
8
8

21
8
13
10

23
16
7
5

14
10
4
3

4
2

12
7
5
1

1
-J

1 26
15
11
6

9

14
2
12
3

3
3
-

9
5
4
4

12
11
1
1

14
8
6
6

19
11
8
7

31
24
7
7

32
25
7
5

*

“

6
6
6

13
2
11
10

16
8
8
7

35
25
10
10

38
26
12
8

39
30
9
6

23
16
7
5

24
13
11
11

7
4
3
2

30
14
16
15

24
11
13
13

44
31
13
13

24
18
6
3

18
11
7
7

13
9
4
4

8
4
4
1

7
2
5
1

10
5
5
2

9

-

“

“

0
0
0
0

-

_

_

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

“

1 .0 0 -1 6 9 .5 0
1 .0 0 -1 7 1 .0 0
2 .0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
0 .0 0 -1 4 8 .5 0

.

3

-

-

-

3
3

19
19
18

-

-

5
4

-

9
5
5
4
i

2
2

1
1

2

6

5

-

2

6
3

3

2

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

9 at $ 2 9 0 t o $ 3 00 ; 2 at $ 300 t o $ 320; 4 at $ 320 t o $ 3 40 ; 4 at $ 3 4 0 t o $ 3 6 0 ; and 1 at $ 360 t o $ 380.
19 at $ 2 90 t o $ 3 0 0 ; 15 at $ 3 0 0 t o $ 3 2 0 ; 25 at $ 320 t o $ 3 4 0 ; 20 at $ 340 t o $ 3 6 0 ; 11 at $ 3 60 t o $ 3 80 ; 3 at $ 3 8 0 t o
11 at $ 2 9 0 t o $ 3 00 ; 17 at $ 3 0 0 t o $ 3 20 ; 7 at $ 3 2 0 t o $ 3 4 0 ; and 5 at $ 340 t o $ 360.
8 at $ 2 9 0 t o $ 3 0 0 ; 11 at $ 3 0 0 t o $ 3 20 ; and 7 at $ 320 t o $ 340.

10

_

_

3
3

2
2
2

-

9

-

1
1
1

-

1
1

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




*
“

6
6
-

2
-

-

2
2
-

-

-

$ 4 0 0 ; and 7 at $ 400 and o v e r .

Table A-2a. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Houston, Tex., April 1974— Continued
W e e k ly earn in gs
(sta n d a rd )
N u m b er
of

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

w orkers

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f —
*

A v e ra g e
w e e k ly

90

h ou rs1

(standard

M ean*

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ra n g e d

AND

s

s

S

S

$

s

%

1

*

S

t

*

t

t

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

over

w

WOMEN C O M B I N E D CONTINUED

INDUSTRIAL

CLASS

(REGISTERED!

B-

72

------

114

$

28

24

O
O
*

NURSES,

TECHNICIANS.

1 8 2 .5 0

1 8 1 .0 0

1 7 4 .5 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

3

5

25

19

12

5

2

-

-

i

-

-

4 0 .0

1 8 7 .0 0

1 8 9 .0 0

1 6 2 .5 0 -2 1 4 .0 0

-

1

2

7

6
1

9

14

11

9

15

10

12

5

10

i

1

1

$
w

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




t

110

$
$
1 0 0 . SO 1 0 3 . 0 0
ELECTRONICS

t

100

and
u nd er
100

MEN

*

*

1
1

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers.
by sex, in Houston, Tex., April 1974
A v e ra g e

S e x . o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE

A vera ge

N u m b er
of
w orkers

W e e k ly

h ours *
(sta n d a rd )

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

earn in gs *
(stan da rd)

201.50

W e e k ly
hours 1
(sta n d a rd )

CLERKSi

ORDER

Art A

MACHINE

SnULuoMLL

204

166.00

RETAIL TRADE
SERVICES

58

173
548
154
150
73

40.0
40.0
40.0

103.50
103.00
108.00

in i
40 «U 13 . u o

38.0

RETAIL
40.5
40.5

40.0
39.5

150.00
148.50

534
126
192

39.5
40.0
39.0

156.00
131.00
145.50

720
2,113

40.0
39.5

118.00
120.00
117.50

404
224

40.0
39.0

115.00
114.00

96
81

39.5
39.5

142.50
137.50

259
230
50

39.0
39.0
40.0

TRADE

113.00
108.50

396
1, 124
I'C Vn i L 1 i, AUC

1 004
337
154

124.00

120
101

105.50
104.00
115.50

28

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

AHULC J ALL 1 R AUL
169j u 38.5.

90.50
98.50
89.50
98.50
98.50
89.00

$

40 0
40.0 150.50

40.0

167.00
148.00
157.00

99*5
._ n

1 45 5fl
1 "TO AA

^89
513

40*0
40.0
39.0

141 0 0
138.00
135.00

966

K t 1A 1L 1KAUt
jtKVlLto

4 0 0 135 *0
39.5

236

40.0

llv.vO

40 0 138.50
40.0 135.50
139.50
AA ” A
AA A
A A A i t / nn

KUdL IL

U1 1LI 1i t o

RETAIL TRADE

1 46 n n

* a -»* C A

132.50

1 1 0 50
39* 5 1 2 0 * 5 0
40.0 123.00
39.5 118.00

5 770
1,256

SECRET ARIES

39*5
^ A
276
952

RETAIL TRADE
SERVICES

289
r UoL 1

U 1 1L1 I 1 t J

K t 1AIL

40.0
39.0

126^00

143.00
140. -.0

/A A 1 A-I AA
AA A 1 7 8 * 5 0
/A A 2 0 2 . 5 0
'00
40.0 209.00
39.5 198.50

|9 4 . 0 0

380

1,044
222
321
80
146

1KAUL

12

a AA
-» A C
1 5 a ca

197*00
187.50
138.00
Tn* ^
38.5 162.00
39.5

196
152
109

40.0
40.0
39.0

127.50
118.50
98.00
108.00

136
126

38 5
38.5

112.00
112.50

481
107
374

39 5 1 2 6 . 0 0
40.0 134.00
39 . 5 1 2 3 . 5 0

190

98
57

See fo o t n o t e at end o f t a b le s .




SECRETARIES - CONTINUED

n* nn
T9 5 i ftA **n
J *
1
*

1, 297

638
66

w '5*v,

earnings
(sta n d a rd }

1 in

l
f
60

$
112.50

0 AAA
Wf i n
- AAA
»
2v 0 6 0

(BILLING

1 KwUC

[stan da rd)

39.0

1KAUL

KA T R U L L

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
BILLERS,

W e e k ly
h ou rs 1

290

LLtKoji

106.50

of
w orkers

iAo^nn

m

K t 1AIL

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
11'

40*0

W e e k ly
earn in gs *
(sta n d a rd )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$
104

N um ber

of
w orker*

O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

107
230
222

A v e ra g e

N u m b er
W e e k ly

124.00

rUDL1w U1 1L 1 • 1L j
K t 1AIL 1 KAUL
j t K V 1L c j
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

OPERATORS,

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers
by sex, in Houston, Tex., April 1974— Continued
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

(standard]

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

W e e k ly

W e e k ly

w orkers

hours 1
(standard]

Ttt
240

104

$

39 5
40.0 105.00

io*o

98.50

W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------

67

40*0

203.50
199.00

126.00
40.0
82

COMPUTER

1 1 8 .5 0

3 9 .5

$
2 2 6 .0 0

148

3 9 .5

2 2 4 .0 0

52

3 9 .5

2 4 9 .0 0

188

39.5

COMP U T E R SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------

168

3 9 .5

3 2 2 .5 0

138

4 0 .0

3 2 3 .0 0

57

4 0 .0

3 1 4 .5 0

155

4 0 .0

2 6 8 .0 0

119

4 0 .0

2 7 1 .5 0

C O M P U T E R SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

74

4 0 .0

2 3 3 .5 0

70

2 3 1 .0 0

4 0 .0

2 4 2 .5 0

45 9

4 0 .0

2 3 9 .5 0

349

4 0 .0

2 4 6 .0 0

841

ORAFTSMEN, CLASS B —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONMANUFACTURING WHOLESALE TRAOE
S E R V I C E S --------

4 0 .0

80 8

4 0 .0

1 8 8 .0 0

331

4 0 .0

1 8 8 .5 0

510

4 0 .0

1 8 8 .0 0

55

4 0 .0

1 8 2 .5 0

30 8

271.00

See footnote at e n d of tables.




Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

4 0 .0

1 7 6 .5 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING
W H O L E S A L E T R A O E -------------------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

431
244

40.0
40.0

$
149.50
150.00

50
90

40.0
40.0

161.50
142.50

D R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

97
59

40.0
40.0

118.50
115.50

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

643
360
283

40.0
40.0
40.0

188.50
178.00
202.50

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S , C L A S S AM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

206
99

40.0
40.0

219.50
217.00

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S , C L A S S BM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------- —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

288
122
166

40.0
40.0
40.0

186.00
174.50
1 9 4 . CO

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

142
103

40.0
40.0

155.00
154.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

70
68

40.0
40.0

145.00
144.50

123
98

40.0
40.0

193.00
194.50

PR O F E S S I O N A L ANO TECH N I C A L
O CCUPATIONS - WOMEN

PROGRAMMERSt
196

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L I R E G I S T E R E D ) ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B -NONMANUFACTURI NG S E R V I C E S --------

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURING

40.0

Number
of

PROFESS I O N A L AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

COM P U T E R SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S 3 -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OCCU P A T I O N S - MEN

Sex, occupation, and industry division

earn in gs *
(sta n d a rd )

PROF E S S I O N A L AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

Average

A v e ra g e
N u m b er

Weekly

13

Table A-3a. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by se x large establishments in Houston, Tex., April 1974

40.0

154.00

107
80

40.0
40.0

100.00
97.50

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

MANUFACTURING

RETAIL TRADE
CLERKS,

FILE,

CLASS

B ---------

-----------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

---------------------

----------------------

CLASS

613
156
457

39.5
39.5
39.5

159.50
154.00
161.00

,065
239
826
208

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

122.50
115.00
124.50
105.50

A -----------------

53

39.5

MESSENGERS IOFFICE GIRLS I
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

115

81

39 . 5
39.5

110.00
109.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

C -----------------------------------

128
106

39.5
39.5

95.00
94.00

C L E R K S , O R O E R --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

139
134
134

39.0
39.0
39.0

94.50
93.00
93.00

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

171
59
112
45

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

156.00
167.00
150.00
187.50

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -PUBLIC UTILITIES
R E T A I L T R A D E ---S E R V I C E S ----------

2,463
735
1 , 728
482
191
157

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

133
93

40.0
39.5

$
128.00
121.00

165.00
160.00
167.50
177.00

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S 8 ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

290
113

39.5
40.0

106.50
107.00

40.0

151.50

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------- —

113
94

39.5
39.5

201.50
200.50

210.50
217.50

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

191
153

39.5
39.5

169.50
167.50

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------------

111
91
30

40.0
40.0
40.0

138.50
137.00
145.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

150
128

40.0
40.0

261.00
260.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S P --------------------------------------------

103

39.5

221.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

115
85

39.5
40.0

328.00
330.50

C OMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S P --------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

118
97

40.0
40.0

274.50
275.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

A ------------------------------------------

,221
164

40.0
40.0

2 3 3 . CO
227.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

f --------------------i
-----------------------

204
135

40.0
40.0

197.00
192.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

C -------------------------------------------

155
102

40.0
40.0

160.50
159.00

T E C H N I C I A N S --------------

352

189.00
182.50

40.0
40.0

192.50
194.50

39.5
39.5
40.0

127

102

40.0
40.0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

475
87
388
118

40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0

186.00
173.00
188.50
182.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONMANUFACTURING R E T A I L T R A D E ---

737
169
568
61

40.0
40.0
40.0
39 . 5

166.00
184.50
160.50
146.00

1,124
454
206
206
69
84

39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

151.00
147.00
153.50
176.00
155.50
134.00
138.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

572
199
373

40.0
40.0
40.0

136.50
144.50
132.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

705
225
480

220

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

157.00
161.00
155.00
145.00

353
89
264
84
53

39 . 5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

141.50
138.00
142.50
168.00
128.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A --N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

106
67

39.5
40.0

139.50
143.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------

240
51
189
73

40.5
40.0
40.5
39.5

108.00
123.00
104.50
97.50

122.50
123.50
122.00
119.50
114.50

670

SWIT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N ISTS-

14

62

o
o

471
108
363
97
76

39 . 5
40.0
39 . 5
40.0
40.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRAOE R E T A I L T R A D E ---S E R V I C E S ----------

S e e footnote at e n d of tables.




^standard)

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

149.50

117
108

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

Weekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
$
39.5 102.50
39.5 101.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------

Number
of
workers

155.50

80

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

Sex, occupation, and industry division

O

32

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

o

$
181.50
211.00

O

M E S S E N G E R S t O F F I C E B O Y S I ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

40.0
40.0
O
4-

O R D E R ---------------------------

279
71

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

*

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OCCUPATIONS - HEN

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A --------H A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------NONHANUFACTURING
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------CLERKS,

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, a n d industry division

o
o

OFFICE

of

Average

Average

Average

Sex, occupation, a n d industry division

131.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
O C C UPATIONS - MEN

ELECTRONICS

B-

72

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ! --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

100
79

ELECTRONICS

TECHNICIANS,

CLASS

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers in Houston, Tex., April 1974
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings3

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

(

t

i

2.AO 2.60
Mean 2

Median2

*

t

I

2.80 3.00 3.20

*

i

i

i

$

*

i

l

3 . 8 0 A . 0 0 A . 20 A . A O A . 6 0 A . 8 0 5 . 0 0

3.4 0

3 .6 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

-

18

«

5.20

I

3.AO 3.60

5 . AO 5.60

5.80 6.00 6 . 2 0

5.4 0

5 .6 0

5,8 0

6,0 0

4
4
~

11
11

14
a

~

6

1 19
1 19
-

225
219

102
102

3 96
328

*

68

27

1

20

-

48
47

i

*

i

»

I

5

*

6.AO 6 .60

6.80

Middle range 2

u n d er
2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 ,0 0

3 .2 0

-

-

-

-

3 .8 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0 4 ,8 0

5 ,0 0 5 .2 0

6.2 0

6 .4 0 6 .6 0

6 .8 0

over

HEN AND WOMEN COMBINED

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

261
180
81

$
5 .3 4
5 .5 9
4 .7 9

$
5 .8 0
5.8 4
4 .5 4

$
4 .5 6 5 .5 9 4 .2 5 -

$
5.8 8
5.9 0
5 .0 2

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1 .3 A 6
1 ,206
1 AO

5.5 8
5.6 1
5.3 8

5.6 9
5 .6 7
5 .8 2

5 .3 2 5 .3 7 4 .3 0 -

5 .9 6
5.9 7
5.8 7

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------SERVICES -----------------------------------------

A58
205
253
68
63

4.7 9
5.3 7
4.3 2
4.3 8
3 .8 9

4.6 2
5.4 9
4.2 6
4.2 7
3.7 5

4 .0 4 4 .3 5 3 .8 0 4 .2 3 3 .5 4 -

5.4 7
6.2 3
4 .7 8
4 .6 8
4 .1 9

“

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

530
43 6

4 .0 1
4 .0 7

3.9 9
4.3 0

3 .5 5 3 .5 5 -

4.6 6
4.6 8

25
23

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

219
219

4.9 3
4.9 3

4.9 4
4.9 4

4 .7 9 4 .7 9 -

5.0 0
5.0 0

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

716
69A

5 .5 9
5 .6 2

5 .8 3
5 .8 4

5 .3 2 5 .3 5 -

5 .9 4
5.9 4

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

986
210
776
703

5.2 6
4 .7 0
5 .4 2
5.4 6

5 .4 2
4.4 9
5 .6 1
5 .8 6

4 .1 9 4 .0 3 4 .2 6 4 .2 6 -

6 .4 8
5 .5 3
6 .5 2
6.5 3

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

2 ,154
1 ,9 4 6
208

5.3 9
5.3 8
5.4 6

5 .5 7
5 .5 7
5 .8 2

5 .1 4 5 .1 3 5 .1 4 -

5 .8 5
5 .8 4
5.8 7

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

141
141

5 .8 1
5 .8 1

6 .1 3
6 .1 3

5 .2 6 5 .2 6 -

6 .1 8
6 .1 8

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

242
175
67

4.9 5
5 .4 5
3 .6 4

5 .5 4
5 .6 0
3 .3 4

3 .8 5 5 .5 1 3 .C 7-

5 .8 1
5.8 4
3 .7 2

*

PIPEFITTERS , MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

774
7 74

5.7 1
5.7 1

5 .8 2
5.8 2

5 .5 7 5 .5 7 -

5 .8 7
5 .8 7

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

59
59

5 .7 8
5 .7 8

5.6 9
5.6 9

5 .1 9 5 .1 9 -

5 .8 9
5.8 9

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

243
243

5 .2 6
5.2 6

5.2 5
5 .2 5

4 .9 6 4 .9 6 -

5 .5 5
5.5 5

-

1

-

6

*

1

-

7

27
3
24

29

“

8
21

i
5

_
-

_

-

-

30
30
-

59
23
36

57
48
9

23

23
3

12

38

3
9

10

2

28

2
2

12

27
5

10
8

132
132

60
60

“

*
_

16
16

43
43

108
108

35
35

10
10

9
9

97
97

_
“

1

“

-

2
2

-

6
2

28
1

4

-

-

27
-

2

2

20
1

“

22

14

9

3

82
28
54
41
4

49

15

6

6

99
62

19
18

22
22

1

39
39

10
10

-

”
-

34
34

*

•

*

_

.

-

-

-

44

29

11

11

33

18

_

*
-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

6
6

50
24
26
24

53

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

41
41

11
11

12
12

2

“

*

_

_

-

-

.
-

6

20

33
33

•

142
49
93
79
66

61
5

11

10

61
61
-

73
71
2

57
57
-

29

14
14

18
13
5

2

63
1

26
18
8
8

93
93
80

60
44
16

165
147
18

49
46
3

9
9

26

14

26

14

8

7
7

"

*

11
11

-

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

“

* A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 7 to $ 7 .2 0 .

15

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

6
6

-

9
7

-

-

1

4
6

6

7

1

1

8
8

9
9

-

-

*

11
11

55
55

112
101

14
14

73
16
57
53

34

~

13
13
-

34
*

2

198
182
16

58
55
3

5 01
485
16

4
4

“

38
38

12
11
1

12
10
2

57
52
5

22

“

3
3

19
19

20
20

2 13
213

74
74

-

-

4
4

30
30

25
25

79
79

2

6

6

“
-

12
12

-

-

8
6

5
5
-

5
5
-

42
42
-

-

-

2 18
2 18
-

8
10

18

5
5

14

_

9

62
61

“

"

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




“

21
2

7
4
3

15
15

*

-

16
16

11

-

-

32
32

-

26

6

22

5

4
3

1

56
54

47
47

-

1
1

-

-

2 60
260

-

-

”

*

357
357

40
40

_

48
39
9
9

4
3

12

1

12
12

306
3 06

398
2 70
128

279
2 78

_
-

1

-

-

-

-

”

*

-

-

*
24
24
24

5
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

306
-

-

_

-

74
74

8
8

-

“
26

54
54

10
10

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

346
346

93
93

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

16
16

-

-

_

*8
8

18
18

_

_

4

-

-

-

4
4

12
12

-

-

-

_
-

Table A-4a. Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers—large establishments
in Houston, Tex., April 1974
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t -t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f ----

Hourly earnings3

woliters

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

i
3 .7 0

$
3 .8 0

3 .6 0

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

t
3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

-

-

1

-

U n d er3 ' 50
*
and
3 «5 0| u n d er

$
3 .9 0

t
4 .0 0

$
4 .1 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 Q

*
4 .3 0

t
4 .4 0

3
4 . 50

1
$
4 .6 0 4 .7 0

S
4 .8 0

4 ,4 9

t
4 .2 0

4 ,5 Q

4 . 60

4 .7 0

4 ,9 0

-

4
4

5
4

-

-

S
5 .4 0

i
5 .6 0

i
1 --------- *
'
5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0

49 5 . 6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

t
4 .9 0

i
5 .0 0

5 . 20

5 ,0 9

5 .2 0

5,

t

and
o
o

t

4 .8 0

6 .2 0

over

HEN ANO WOMEN COMBINED

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ----------------

177
152

$
5 .7 2
5 .7 4

$
5 .8 5
5 .8 6

$
5 .8 0 5 .8 1 -

$
5 .9 2
5 .9 1

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------MANUFACTURING ----------------

935
857

5 .7 4
5 .7 4

5 .8 5
5 .8 6

5 .5 4 5 .5 4 -

5 .9 8
5 .9 9

1

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY — i -------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

248
119
129

4 .8 9
5 .3 5
4 .4 6

4 .9 4
5 .4 9
4 .3 9

4 .2 5 5 .3 1 3 .9 5 -

5 .8 1
5 .8 9
4 .9 9

12
5
7

2

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ----MANUFACTURING----------------

254
176

4 .2 4
4 .4 8

4 . 10
4 .6 5

3 .9 0 4 .0 5 -

4 .6 9
4 .8 3

6
4

43

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM MANUFACTURING ----------------

17 1
171

4 .9 3
4 .9 3

4 .9 4
4 .9 4

4 .8 9 4 .8 9 -

4 .9 8
4 .9 8

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ----------------

530
519

5 .6 9
5 .7 0

5 .8 5
5 .8 6

5 .5 2 5 .5 1 -

5 .9 4
5 .9 4

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

308
112
196
161

5 .0 5
5 .0 6
5 .0 4
4 .9 4

5 .0 8
5 .3 3
4 .7 3
4 .6 8

4
4
4
4

-

5 .5 8
5 .8 3
5 .4 8
5 .4 4

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING ----------------

1 ,1 9 9
1 ,0 5 7

5 .6 3
5 .6 2

5 .7 0
5 .6 6

5 .5 2 5 .5 1 -

5 .9 0
5 .9 8

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------

161

144

5 .4 8
5 .6 1

5 .6 3
5 .6 5

5 .5 3 5 .5 5 -

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING ----------------

753
753

5 .7 0
5 .7 0

5 .8 1
5 .8 1

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

153
153

5 .3 6
5 .3 6

5 .5 0
5 .5 0

.6
.0
.6
.6

3
9
4
3

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

5
1

7
7

7
6

5
1

4
4

1
1

14
8

119
119

8
6

6

ii
ii

40
38

44
44

206
206

22
22

381
313

188
188

2
*

5
2
3

4
4

12

18
13
5

27
20
7

1
1

48
47
1

5
5

10
10

12

58
58

2
2

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

“

1
1

-

1
1

5
5

15
15

5
-

7
4

9

4

-

-

6
i
5

13
2
11

5
1
4

5
1
4

23
12
11

9
3
6

3
-

4

3

13
1
12

3
3

2
2

48
27

17
16

2
2

1
1

1
1

1
1

9
7

52
52

*

*

*

*

*

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

3
3

2
2

6
6

26
26

6
6

102
102

24
24

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

*

”

-

_

*

3
3

1
1

21
21

1
1

45
45

112
101

4
4

327
327

6
6

77

6

28

40
39
1
1

1
1
*

5
5
5

*

9
-

-

-

10
10

-

-

_

-

i

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

1
l

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

“

-

5 .8 4
5 .8 5

7

5 .5 7 5 .5 7 -

5 .8 7
5 .8 7

•

5 .2 1 5 .2 1 -

5 .5 7
5 .5 7

31
30
1
1

2
1
1
1

5
1
4
3

-

-

*

_

*

8
8

2
2

4
4

9
4
5
5

5
2
3
3

-

-

77
74

6
6

4
1
3
2

7
6
i
i

6
5
1
“

13
13

4
4

*

63
10
53
53

7
7

11
11

16
14

2
2

11
8

8
6

16
16

123
107

48
45

217
216

168
168

300
186

258
257

u
n

1
“

2

1
1

50
49

26

54
54

6

_

22

6

-

4
-

2

-

5

1
1

1
-

2

9

9
1
8

2

-

-

-

_

6
6

-

-

28

-

16

"

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

19
19

20
20

213
213

74
74

346
346

72
72

“

1
1

See fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b le s .




-

7
7

1
1

1
1

27
27

25
25

73
73

18
18

-

-

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Houston, Tex., April 1974
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings *
~ i -------- ~I-------- 1 -------- S

2 .6 0

S
2 .8 0

»
3 .0 0

t
3 .2 0

i
3 .4 0

3 .6 0

1
3 .8 0

(
*
4 .0 0 4 .2 0

S
4 .4 0

t
4 .6 0

4 .8 0

t
5 .0 0

i
5 .2 0

5 .4 0

I
5 .6 0

i
5 .8 0

6 .0 0

4 . 2 0 4 ,4 5

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

L t lQ

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

over

5
5

1
1
“

53
53

16
16

4
4

21
21

14
14

*

*

*

53

16

4

i

i

2 .0 0

2 .2 0

2 .0 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

?.8 < ?

3 .0 0

? .? o

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

77 3
10
76 3

1040
-

198
-

153
-

1040

198

153

40
11
29

67
37
30

51
14
37

50
4
46

48
35
13

49
19
30

29
20
9

57
36
21

*

”

25
5
20

-

-

-

11

29

14

4

5

19

2

36

9

9

1

1

4

1 .6 0

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n
w
orkers

1 .8 0

*
2 .4 0

1 .8 0

Number
Mean1

Median2

Middle range *

t

%

and

%

and

u n d er

HEN AND WOMEN COMBINED

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

2 ,8 4 0
346
2 ,4 9 4

2 .3 7
3 .9 6
2 .1 5

$
2 .0 6
3 .9 8
2 .0 5

$
1 .9 7 3 .0 1 1 .9 6 -

$
2 .3 8
5 .1 5
2 .1 9

133
28
105

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING ----------------

-

$

248

4 .4 0

4 .2 5

3 .5 8 -

5 .2 0

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING ----------------

98

2 .8 5

3 .4 1

1 .6 9 -

3 .4 9

28

10

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

30

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------RETAIL TRADE --------------SERVICES -------------------

1 1 ,9 1 1
1 ,5 1 1
1 0 ,4 0 0
238
136
577
6 ,5 1 0

2 .0 6
3 .2 3
1 .8 9
3 .1 9
3 .1 7
2 .2 3
1 .7 7

1 .8 3
3 .2 0
1 .7 9
3 .2 3
2 .7 4
2 . 17
1 .7 5

1 .7 2
2 .6 2
1 .7 1
2 .5 3
2 .3 2
2 .0 3
1 .6 8

-

2 .2 0
3 .7 5
2 .0 2
3 .5 3
3 .1 0
2 .4 2
1 .8 6

5482
-

2115
-

5482
14
4294

2115

237
86
15 1
15
21
37
16

172
11 8
54
9
17
17
1

272
18 8
84
13
14
11
6

177
173
4

206
562

394
80
314
15
10
64
98

91
51
40
35

95
1343

985
221
764
36
41
114
190

282
215
67
57

-

1312
64
1248
12
-

10

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ----MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------RETAIL TRADE ---------------

3 ,5 6 5
1 ,4 5 8
2 ,1 0 7
768
763
576

3 .3 3
3 .6 6
3 .1 1
3 .0 7
3 .2 1
3 .0 3

3 .1 8
3 .7 8
2 .9 4
2 .9 4
2 .8 0
2 .9 5

2
3
2
2
2
2

.5
.0
.4
.6
.2
.4

8
6
5
3
9
6

-

3 .8 6
4 .2 7
3 .4 9
3 .4 8
4 .4 9
3 .4 8

_
-

26
-

155
14
14 1
-

18

94
47

319
38
281
66
109
106

143
8
13 5
24
54
57

319
50
269
220
2
47

454
320
134
7

“

415
144
271
120
118
33

ORDER FILLERS -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ------------

2 ,0 4 5
217
1 ,8 2 8
1 ,3 0 4

3 .5 1
3 .3 1
3 .5 3
3 .5 3

3 .2 6
3 . 16
3 .2 8
3 .2 6

2
3
2
2

.9
.1
.8
.8

7
1
9
6

-

4 .3 2
3 .6 5
4 .4 2
4 .5 8

-

78
78
78

13
13
13

105
30
75
53

177
10
167
108

103
-

“

39
39
39

PACKERS, SHIPPING --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ------------

547
250
297
190

2 .6 9
3 .3 1
2 .1 7
2 .2 6

2 .5 1
3 .3 9
2 .0 7
2 .2 5

1
2
1
1

.7
.5
.6
.6

9
2
8
7

-

3 .3 6
4 .4 1
2 .5 8
2 .5 6

137
-

1
1
“

41
10
31
29

74
40
34
34

52
20
32
12

19
14

137
65

51
28
23
21

RECEIVING CLERKS ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------RETAIL TRAOE ---------------

525
196
329
162
139

3 .6 8
4 .0 9
3 .4 4
3 .3 4
3 .6 0

3 .6 2
3 .8 9
3 .3 9
3 .3 8
3 .4 5

3
3
3
3
3

.0
.3
.0
.0
.1

7
2
2
1
1

-

4 .0 9
4 .8 4
3 .7 6
3 .6 9
4 .1 8

13
-

3
-

13
13

3
-

27
3
24
-

40
6
34
26

22
17
5
-

1

23

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------

190
57
133
87

3 .7 5
4 .2 7
3 .5 3
3 .4 0

3 .7 4
4 .2 6
3 .7 0
3 .4 1

3
3
3
3

.4
.9
.2
.2

1
2
8
5

-

3 .9 6
4 .5 0
3 .7 6
3 .7 1

-

_

~

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS --MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

152
95
57

3 .9 1
4 .5 4
2 .8 7

4 .0 4
4 .3 9
2 .6 1

2 .6 7 4 .0 6 2 .5 5 -

4 .7 9
4 .9 6
3 .1 5

-

-

-

-

-

TRUCKORIVERS ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------RETAIL TRADE ---------------

5 ,6 1 3
1 ,2 6 6
4 ,3 4 7
1 ,9 9 1
1 ,4 2 7
859

4 .1 3
3 .5 0
4 .3 1
5 .3 5
3 .4 5
3 .5 1

3 .3 9
3 .3 5
3 .6 6
6 .3 2
3 .3 0
3 .2 8

3
3
3
3
3
3

5 .6 4
3 .7 3
6 .3 1
6 .3 6
3 .6 6
4 .4 4

-

44

171
-

*

.0
.1
.0
.5
.0
.0

9
9
8
3
4
2

-

-

_
-

2

26
-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

54
20
34
6
28

22

-

16
6
6
-

-

-

-

2

9
4
5
5

-

5

2

-

370
102
268
182
-

291
2 72
19
5
14

46
34
12
2
3
7

17
4
13

-

8

-

-

11
2

52
52
50
2

42
42
42

5

316
164
152
11
87
54

156
144
12
1

86

170
36
134
105
24
5

136
109
27
22
-

39

13 8
19
119
3
65
51

3

“

339
116
223
127

339
3
336
336

149
3
146
29

117
6
in
33

29
3
26
“

41
15
26
26

31
4
27
27

54
16
38
38

269
11
258
158

10
10
10

19
19
19

133
133
133

•

29
4
25
20

11
11
-

41
41
-

.
-

18
18
-

.
-

9
-

16
16

48
48

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

-

9
9

63
17
46
17
26

63
20
43
30
13

22
l
21

78
6
72
52
7

60
50
10
2
8

16
4
12
-

7
7
-

5

14
14

11
10
1
1

15
40
14
26

-

6
6
-

*

38
-

21
-

10

_

_

-

-

38
38

21
21

66
3
63
24

12
11
1

-

7
3
4
4

-

-

-

12
12
-

14
1
13

1
1

18
18

1
1

-

202
130
72
40
1
31

197
88
109

-

79
59
20
-

81
17
64
-

65
23
42
-

47
62

18
2

32
32

25
17

103
77

5
-

-

-

28

15

28

15

64
4
60
30
24
5

871
118
753
402
147
201

44

-

-

-

-

-

91
41

39
65

31
5

17 1

All workers were at $6.20 to $6.40.

17

-

-

-

232
16
216
42
128
46

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

60
51
9
9

1
“

-

24

50
46
4
4

“

-

-

49
49
-

-

208
166
42
-

4

-

-

130
25
105

14

86
72
14
12

“
-

21

18

5
1
-

4
4
—

62
57
5
5

88

1131
445
686
12
589
85

8
12

-

9
9

2

5
-

-

5

12

5

-

21
21

-

5
5

3
3

12
12

20
20

55

2
2

-

-

-

*
_
-

-

”

-

-

-

-

*

*

-

-

3
3
-

11
11

4
4
-

•

*

*

5
5

1
1

-

_

-

-

10
10

1

-

4
4

5

16
16

-

1
116
6
110
38
-

104
48
56

72

54

22
20

2

-

-

2

2

422
57
365
253
112

6
3
3
3

10
10

-

139
31
108
108
-

'

125*1194
125 11 9 4
125 1194
-

"

"

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Houston, Tex., April 1974—Continued
H o u rly earnings5

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s c f—

w o *« „

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

4 .8 0

r
5 .0 0

t
5 .2 0

t
5 .4 0

i 1
5 .6 0

1------- T —
5 .8 0 6 .0 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

19

11
3
8

31
11
20

4
4

12
12

3
3

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

20

"

”

“

”

-

64
3
61
8

37
37

16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25

-

-

-

53

“

~

107

~

~

“

2 48
15
233

-

10
10

-

-

■
■
2 .6 0

1
2 .8 0

*
3 .0 0

I
3 .2 0

* ■
3 .4 0

r

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

1
4 .2 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

133
133
65
29

89
25
64
13
50

32
24
8
2

75
14
61
61

12
3
9
8

117
16
101
101

238
16
2 22
2 22

27
21
6
1
5

71
47
24
21
3

17
9
8
8

41
11
30

”

30

19
17
2

41

156
122
34

89
25
64
40

95
12
83

42
42
-

27
2
25

44
21
23

-

-

-

-

-

24
1

15

r

*

l

and
2 .0 0

over

AND WOMEN C O M B IN E D —
C O N T IN U E D

TRUCKDRIVERS

-

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------------------R E T A I L T R A O E ------------------------

980
223
7 57
5 19
171

$
3 .0 5
3 .5 0
2 .9 2
3 .0 2
2 .9 5

$
3 .1 6
3 .5 5
3 .0 7
3 .2 2
2 .2 7

$
$
2 . 2 8 - 3 .4 0
2 . 7 5 - 3 .8 3
2 . 2 2 - 3 .3 5
2 . 6 9 - 3 .3 5
2 . 0 8 - 4 .1 3

T R U C K D R I V E R S , M E D I U M < 1 - 1 / 2 TO
A N O I N C L U D I N G 4 T O N S ) -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E -------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

2 ,9 9 4
4 61
2 ,5 3 3
1 ,3 4 1
561
628

4 .4 4
3 .6 0
4 .6 0
5 .6 7
3 .1 9
3 .5 6

3 .9 0
3 .3 1
4 .4 6
6 .3 2
3 .2 5
3 .2 6

3 .0 9 2 .5 9 3 .1 0 5 .8 0 2 .7 9 3 .0 4 -

6 .3 2
4 .3 9
6 .3 3
6 .3 6
3 .3 4
4 .4 1

T R U C K ORIVERS, H E A V Y (OVER A TONS,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------------------

1 ,2 6 2
211
1 ,0 5 1
650
347

4 .4 6
3 .6 3
4 .6 3
4 .6 9
4 .5 0

4 .5 4
3 .5 4
5 .0 1
4 .5 9
5 .0 2

3 .2 0 3 .3 5 3 .1 7 3 .1 1 3 .3 9 -

5 .7 7
3 .6 5
6 .3 2
6 .3 5
5 .0 6

44
-

-

44

-

24

-

114
2
112

-

19

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
15

29

66
46

14
5

33

226

-

41

5

_

_

-

-

-

20
20

43

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

«

-

-

”

“

43
42
1

_

_

*

-

3 .2 9
3 .2 9

3 .3 2
3 .3 2

3 .2 5 3 .2 5 -

3 .3 6
3 .3 6

T R U C K E R S , P O W E R ( F O R K L I F T ) ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E --------------------

2 , 139
1 ,2 5 3
8 86
3 03
427

3 .9 3
3 .9 9
3 .8 5
3 .9 2
4 .0 0

3 .7 7
3 .9 9
3 .5 5
3 .5 1
4 .1 6

3 .2 0 3 .2 0 3 .1 9 3 .1 5 3 .5 2 -

4 .5 1
4 .5 5
4 .3 5
3 .7 5
4 .7 1

-

-

-

-

26
13
13

-

-

-

-

-

13

8

W A R E H O U S E M E N ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

524
387
137

3 .6 6
3 .6 0
3 .8 5

3 .7 0
3 .5 0
4 .6 2

3 .1 1 3 .1 6 2 .4 7 -

4 .2 3
3 .8 9
4 .6 6

-

-

_

48

-

-

-

71
70
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

19

l

32
30
2

_

361
361

6
6

*

-

48

A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 6 .2 0 t o $ 6 .4 0 .

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




“

5 06
80
4 26
186
36
201

-

38

*

_

~

26
12

-

-

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S , H E A V Y ( O V E R 4 TONS,
O T H E R T H A N T R A I L E R T Y P E ) --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

*

S
4 .6 0

t
T
2 .2 0 2 .4 0

and
und er
1 .8 0

HEN

4 .4 0

i
2 .0 0

38

*
i
1 .6 0 1 .8 0

Number
of

18

106
98
8
-

76
31
45
-

39
-

-

-

410
42
3 68

24

24
59

-

85

72
70
2

29
27
2

18
6
12

13
4
9

2
2

41

32

_

-

-

-

2 26
216
10

152
56
96
12
84

-

32

-

-

-

-

-

-

41
30

-

-

”

~

2

“

228

22
22

331
331

8
8

3 27
162
165
132
26

227
74
153
12
12

4
2
2

207
202
5

40
40

55
51
4

_

-

-

283

2

10

8

171
56
115
78
37

166
106
60
13
46

84
84

177
104
73

37
37

27
27

80
80

8

162
30
132
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

127
27
100
100

•

125
-

125
125
-

-

-

-

8
8

“

-

8 82
8 82
~

8

3

*882

*312

•

-

-

312
3 12
*

*

-

130
58
72

196
196
-

-

-

-

60

72

-

29
29

26
22
4

90
2

88
12
76
72

-

-

72

53
32
21

5
3
2

_

22
12
10

-

2

-

-

65
11
54
*54

-

-

2

5

21

2

8

-

“

10
10

8
8

15
15

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-5a. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers—large establishments
in Houston, Tex., April 1974
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

Hourly ear n in g s *

-------- ------- --------------- -------i ------- 1----- {------ ------- j----- 1------ $------ 11----- ------ i------ 1------- 1------ 1------ 1------ 1------ 1—
----- 1----- 1----- $----- 1----- 1----- $
----- — %*----- 1----- 1----- 1----- r

N u mb e r

1.60

of
Mean 2

AND

HEN

WOMEN

Median2

M i d dl e range 2

1.80

2.00

1.8C

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

2.00

2.20

2.40

2.60

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

2.803.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

13

18

33

28

42
36

9
9
-

i------ 1

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.60

5.80

6.00

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.60

5.80

6.00

over

5

6

5
-

5

1
1

53
53

16
16

4
4

21
21

14
14

4
4

53

16

4

21

14

4

-

-

COMBINED
$

$

$

$

396

3 .9 2

3 .8 8

3 . 0 3 -

5 .1 2

-

-

238

4 .5 7

4 .5 9

3 . 9 4 -

5 .2 0

-

-

158

2 .9 4

2 .8 1

2 . 5 1 -

3 .4 5

WATCHMEN

2.60

and

------------------------

AND

2.40

and
u n d er

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

GUARDS

2.20

16

12

-

-

-

1

7

34
14

15
4

18
5

34
19

13

18

33

15

5

20

11

13

15

20
8

6

1

GUARDS
216

4 .6 2

5 .1 0

4 . 0 6 -

5 .2 5

-

-

-

-

-

1

7

14

4

5

19

2

36

9

5

1

1

----

6 ,9 5 8

1 .9 8

1 .7 8

1 . 7 0 -

2 .0 0

3 8 3 9

1 3 60

594

28 0

169

134

42

56

49

66

49

38

-

-

43

2

5

66

15

1 .7 7

1 .7 0 -

1 .9 1

3 8 3 9

1 3 60

551

27 8

164

68

27

19

4

49
-

5

-

3 .0 6

2 .8 4

2 . 4 0 -

3 .6 8

-

2

6

24

15

15

9

7

9

9

9

2 .3 4

2 .2 8

2 . 0 6 -

2 .5 8

14

50

69

93

64

37

17

10

5

12
2

-

374

2
2

4
4

9

128

5
5
-

52
14

34

1 .8 3

35
14

22

6 ,3 8 5

32
24

60
51

5

4 .1 1

169
165

27

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

21
2

15
4

189
77

14

4

61

11
2

112

14

4

_

.

-

-

54

2

3

“

-

-

-

2

1

-

"

-

5
4

47
15
32
26

-

3
3
-

11
11
-

4
-

-

-

-

MANUFACTURING
JANITORS,

-----------------------------

PORTERS,

AND

CLEANERS

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------R E T A I L T R A D E --------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------------L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

FILLERS

PACKERS,
RECEIVING

3 .5 9

3 .7 3

3 . 1 3 -

5 ,3 6 8

1 .7 7

1 .7 6

1 .6 9 -

1 .8 6

3 5 11

122 3

40 8

136

70

13

1

11
6

89 0

3 .5 8

3 .5 7

2 . 9 0 -

4 .4 0

_

6

45

48

61

40

59

91

17

-

-

10

30

10

8

4

6

35

18

51

32

55

3
14

107
71
36

11
6

6

35

18

51

32

27

75
16
9

11

36

-

-

"

22

44

26

-

-

-

MANUFACTURING

4

26

170

6

-

-

16

3
3

12
12

i
i
-

.

6

16
4

-

14
14
-

-

-

“

4

38

19

81

74

2
2
2

6

2

3
78

379

4 .0 5

4 .4 4

3 . 7 2 -

4 .7 5

------------------------

90

4 .1 2

4 .6 1

3 . 9 5 -

4 .6 5

-

1

2

2

-

5

5

5

-

-

-

169

4 .3 5

4 .6 2

3 . 5 5 -

5 .1 0

-

-

-

3

3

3

5

11

13
-

10

3

9
-

_

-

3

3

3

5

8

9

13

*

1

2

“

5

5

8

12

3
7
7

ii
-

22

4

18

5

-

3
15

117
117
-

20
8
12
11

36
16

20
20

6
6

5
3

5

3

-

4 . 5 5 -

5 .6 6

3 .6 9

3 . 2 9 -

5 .0 3

-

82

3 .9 8

3 .9 3

3 . 4 0 -

5 .0 3

-

TRUCKORIVERS
---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING '
-----------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------------

784

4 .3 5

4 .7 0

3 . 6 2 -

5 .0 4

-

-

.

2

256

3 .9 6

3 .5 3

3 . 2 5 -

4 .8 6

-

-

-

1

ii

528

4 .5 4

4 .8 0

4 . 4 0 -

5 .0 5

321

4 .5 6

4 .6 8

4 . 2 9 -

5 .0 3

106

4 .2 2

4 .2 5

4 . 0 3 -

4 .7 6

2

3

74

4 .1 4

4 .1 6

4 . 0 4 -

4 .7 0

1

3

68

4 .2 7

4 .1 8

4 . 0 8 -

4 .7 1

----------------

341

4 .4 9

4 .8 5

4 . 2 9 -

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

83

4 .5 7

4 .8 3

4 . 6 1 -

5 .0 3

258

4 .4 6

5 .0 C

4 . 2 9 -

5 .0 5

198

4 .6 5

5 .0 1

4 . 4 2 -

5 .0 5

747

4 .2 5

4 .4 3

3 . 7 7 -

4 .7 5

_

_

“

“

TRUCKORIVERS,
LIGHT
(UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) -------------- ;----------------NONMANUFACTURING
TRACE

------------------------

----------------------------

MECIUM

INCLUDING

4

TRACE

(1-1/2

TONS)

:

1

17

-------------

-----------------------------

5 .0 5

62 8

4 .2 2

4 .3 2

3 . 7 6 -

4 .6 0

------------------------

119

4 .4 1

4 .7 2

4 . 1 4 -

1

------------------------------------

136

4 .5 3

4 .6 4

4 . 1 7 -

4 .6 8

59

4 .4 9

4 .1 8

4 . 1 2 -

1

2

-

-

-

2
2
-

6

22
20
2
2

300
42
258
107

3
3

10
10

“
-

4

_
-

_

-

-

32
32

17
17

72

18
56
54

30

2
2
2

11
8
8

21

4

12

3

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
-

59
-

16
16
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

53

-

“

162
30
132
107

-

59

17
17
-

-

15

-

-

28

154
154

4
2
2

146
145
1

_

28

80
2
78

-

3
3
-

2
-

.
-

-

72
-

-

_

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

15
15

-

-

-

30
30

-

-

8

18

1

-

-

-

8

16

1

_

2
2

4
-

-

3

12

5

-

4

17

-

1

-

-

29

2

-

-

4

17

2
1
1

92

7

10

40

16

25

17

10

40

10

18

8

12
12

6

7

9

-

-

6
2

-

5 .3 3

-----------------------------

-

-

“

-

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




1
1

3

4 .7 6

NONMANUFACTURING

4

-

1
1

-

3

-

“

TO

----------------------------

(FORKLIFT)

-

-

-

48

9

3 .8 6

4 .9 5

MANUFACTURING

38

2 . 4 5 -

3 .9 3

WAREHOUSEMEN

26

2 .9 4

4 .9 5

MANUFACTURING

20

3 .1 8

70

POWER

7

312

99

TRUCKERS,

9

4 .6 3

--------------------------

RETAIL

5

27
5

4 .3 1

2 . 6 2 -

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------R E T A I L T R A O E ----------------------------

AND

12

3 . 0 8 -

3 .4 9

-----------------------------

CLERKS

TRUCKORIVERS,

46
34

14

3 .6 6

3 .5 0

--------------------------------

88

43
29

3 .6 7

46 3

SHIPPING

RETAIL

17

42 7

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------R E T A I L T R A O E --------------------------ORDER

573

19

1

-

“

91

21
21

97
84

1

-

13

8
8

-

26
26

“

2
2

-

-

2

-

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement
workers, by sex, in Houston, Tex., April 1974
Number

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

MAINTENANCE

AND

of
workers

A v e ra g e
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

-

of
woriters

Average
( mean2 )
h ou rl y

MEN

Number

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
wodcers

earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS-MEN— CONTINUED

PllWERPLANT

tiCCUPAT IONS

Number

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

Average
(m e a n 2 )
h ourly
ea r n i n g s 3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCuPATIONS-MEN— CONTINUED

$

CARPENTERS,

MAINTENANCE

------------------

253

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

180

5 .5 9

78

4 .7 8

ELECTRICIANS,
M A I N T E N A N C E -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

1 ,2 7 9

5 .57 !

1 ,2 0 6

5 .6 1

5 .3 4 :

GUARDS

AND

WATCHMEN

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING

STATIONARY

---------------------

45 8
205
25 3

4 .3 2

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------

68

4 .3 8

63

3 .8 9

MACHINE-TCCL

OPERATORS,

MANUFACTURING

TOOLROOM

—

------------------------------

MACHINISTS,
M A I N T E N A N C E -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ ----------------------MECHANICS,

----------------------------

5 .3 7

----------------------------

219

4 .9 3

716

5 .5 9

69 4

5 .6 2

5 .2 5
4 .7 0

724

5 .4 2

651

5 .4 6

MECHANICS,
M A I N T E N A N C E ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

2 ,0 4 5

5 .3 6

1 ,9 4 6

5 . 38!

99

5 .0 3

M I L L W R I G H T S -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

141
141

5 .8 1

PAINTERS,

---------------------

241

4 .9 5

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

175

5 .4 5

5 .8 1

PIPEFITTERS,
M A I N T E N A N C E ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

66

5 .7 1

77 4

5 .7 1

WORKERS,

MANUFACTURING
DIE

MANUFACTURING
CUSTODIAL

--

59

------------------------------

59

5 .7 8

243
24 3

5 .2 6

------------------------

------------------------------

WATCHMEN

------------------------

------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

------------------------

2 ,9 9 4

4 .4 4

3 .4 5

ANO
INCLUDING
MANUFACTURING

125

3 .2 4

NONMANUFACTURING

--------------------------

45 4

2 .2 4

---------------------------------

2 ,9 1 0

1 .82 !

3 .5 0

TRADE

LABORERS,
M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

3 ,4 9 7
1 ,4 2 7

3 . 6 4

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E --------------------RETAIL
T R A D E --------------------------

2 ,0 7 0

3 . 121

75 3

3.07 *

763

3 .2 1

554

3 .0 5

ORDER
F I L L E R S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ---------------------

1 ,7 3 1

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------------------

217

TRUCKDRIVERS,

MEDIUM

(1-1/2

TO

A T O N S ) -------------------------------------

461

3 .6 0

---------------------

2 ,5 3 3

4 .6 0

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

1 ,3 4 1

5 .6 7

561

3 .1 9

62 8

3 .5 6

3.331

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY
(OVER
TRAILER TYPE)
----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------

1 ,2 6 2

4 .4 6

211

3 . 63

1 ,0 5 1

4 .6 3

65 0

4 .6 9

3 4 7

4 .5 0

361

3 .2 9

3.6 6 i
3 .3 1

1 ,5 1 4

3 .7 1

99 0

3 .8 0

29 9

3 .1 1

172

3 . 7 3

12 7

2.27 1

4 7 4

3 .7 9

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY
(OVER
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE)
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------TRUCKERS,

POWER

MANUFACTURING

---------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ---------

190
.2 8 4

3 . 5 9

123

3 .6 4

MANUFACTURING

135

3 .6 2

NONMANUFACTURING

3 .9 2

1 ,2 3 1

3 .9 7

88 5

3 .8 5

303

3 .9 2

42 7

4 .0 0

4 . 0 9

-----------------------

W H O L E S A L E T R A D E --------------------R E T A I L T R A C E --------------------------

3 .2 9

2 , 116

(FORKLIFT)

361

4 8 4

----

3 .6 2

37 4

3 .6 1

110

3 .6 6

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

175

3 .7 8

54

4 .2 8

-----------------------

121

---------------------

75

136

4 . 04|

94

4.5 4 1

TRAOE

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

OCCUPATIONS-MOMEN

JANITORS,

PORTERS,

TRUCKDRIVERS
--------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

2 . 38 j

342

3.97 !

RETAIL

2 ,4 5 9

2.151

TRADE

--------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .

20

5 ,5 8 5

4 .1 4

1 ,2 6 6

3 .5 0

4 ,3 1 9

CLEANERS

-------------------

5 ,3 6 3

1 .8 0

5 ,2 4 3

1 .7 8

----------------

101

2 .9 6

R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------S E R V I C E S -----------------------------

123

2 .1 9 ,

3 ,6 0 0

1.72|

248

2.1 9 i

170

2 .1 0

147

2 .0 9

UTILITIES

4 .3 2

1 ,9 9 1

ANO

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ---------------------

2 ,8 0 1

ANO

3.43 i

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

CUSTODIAL

3.5 6 ,

5 .7 8

AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS-MEN

MANUFACTURING

3 .1 1

2 .0 0

5 .2 6

MAKERS

MAINTENANCE

143

3 .2 9

WHOLESALE
SHEET-METAL

3 .0 2

3 .0 7

3 .6 2

77 4

2 .9 5

51 9

124

NONMANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE

729

22 3

2 .2 8

SERVICES

4 .9 3

$

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E --------------------R E T A I L T R A O E --------------------------

1 ,3 9 1

4 .0 7

219

(UNUER
95 2

5 , 144

4 3 6

2 10




2 .8 5

LIGHT

------------------------------1-1/2 TONS)
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

6 ,5 3 5

RETAIL

9 3 4

AND

98

CONTINUED

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ---------------------

4 .0 6

---------------------------------

GUARDS

$
4 .4 2

-

TRUCKDRIVERS,

JANITORS,
PORTERS,
AND CLEANERS —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

4 5 6

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

AND

24 4

AUTOMOTIVE

(MAINTENANCE)

TOOL

TRUCKDRIVERS

4 .7 9

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

HELPERS,
M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- --------------------

CONTINUED

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING

ENGINEERS,

-

5 .3 5

1 ,4 2 7

3 .4 5

831

3 .5 6

NONMANUFACTURING
WHOLESALE

TRADE

-

Table A-6a. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement
workers, by sex—large establishments in Houston, Tex., April 1974
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
worker*

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

A verage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings3

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

$
5.7 3
5 .7 4

388
234
154

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

Average
( mean2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS—
MEN— CONTINUED

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS-WEN
174
152

Number
of
workers

3 .9 4
4 .5 9
2.9 4

ITRUCKDRIVERS

~

CONTINUED

868
857

5.7 3
5.7 4

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

248
119
129

4 .8 9
5.3 5
4 .4 6

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM - MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

171
171

4 .9 3
4 .9 3

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

530
519

5.6 9
5 .7 0

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1 ,0 9 0
1,057

5 .6 1
5.6 2

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

160
144

5.4 8
5 .6 1

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

753
753

5.7 0
5.7 0

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS
MANUFACTURING —

153
153

5 .3 6
5 .3 6

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

212

4 .6 5

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

3 ,4 9 9
536
2 ,9 6 3
302
2 ,331

2 .1 8
3 .6 2
1.91
2.3 5
1 .8 2

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------------

341
83
258
198

4 .4 9
4.5 7
4.4 6
4 .6 5

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

849
423
426
290

3 .6 2
3 .6 7
3 .5 7
3.2 4

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------------------1
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

736
61C
118

4.2 5
4 .2 2
4 .4 2

ORDER

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -----------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

FILLERS -------------------------------------------

379

4.0 5

WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

109
59

4.5 0
4.4 9

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

163
70
93
78

4.4 1
4.9 5
4 .0 0
4 .0 4

TRUCKDRIVERS
----------MANUFACTURING —
NCNMANUFACTURING
RETAIL TRADE —

780
256
524
317

4.3 5
3 .9 6
4 .5 4
4 .5 7

3 ,4 4 6
3 f 409
72
3,037

1.7 7
1.7 6
2.3 0
1.7 3

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




21

|

102
70
64

$
4/. 22
4 .1 3
4 .2 7

CUSTODIAL ANO MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATICNS-WCMEN

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ------NONPANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------RETAIL TRACE -----------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------




Table A-7. Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups in Houston, Tex.,
April 1973 and April 1974, and percents of increase for selected periods
M a n u f a c tur ing

A l l in d u s t r ie s
W e e k ly e a r n in g s
P e rio d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en )

In d u s t r ia l
nu rses
(m e n and
w om en )

H o u r ly e a r n in g s
S k illed
m a in te n a n ce
tra d es
(m en )

U n sk ille d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

W e e k ly e a r n in g s
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en )

H o u r ly e a r n in g s

I n d u s tria l
nur s e s
(m e n and
w om en )

S k illed
m a in te n a n ce
tra d es
(m en )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

142.2
152.4

149.1
161.2

In d e x e s (Ju n e 1967*1 0 0)
A p r i l 1973.................................................................................
A p r i l 1974_______________________________________ ____

136.0
144.0

138.5
150.0

144.7
153.4

134.9
146.1

136 .7
144.4

135.7
147.5

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
M a y 1960 t o M a y 1961 ............................. .................... .
M a y 1961 to J une 1 962:
1 3 -m o n th in c r e a s e ........................ ........... ...................
A n n u a l r a te o f i n c r e a s e ___________________ ____

3 .2

4 .9

2 .8

1.1

3.2

6 .6

1.6

2 .2

2 .3
2 .1

1.9
1.8

4 .0
3 .7

7 .3
6 .7

2 .9
2 .7

.9
.8

3.1
2 .9

8 .0
7 .4

3.3
1.5
2 .5
4 .0
3 .8
5 .0

1.8
2 .3
.9
4 .4
5 .9
4 .8

2 .1
1.9
1.9
5 .7
3.1
4 .1

.9
5 .5
3 .4
1.4
7.1
5 .6

5 .4
.5
2.1
.7
3 .7
6 .6

3.1
3 .0
0
6.2
4 .3
4 .9

1.3
1.7
1.8
4 .6
3.2
4 .3

1.5
4 .0
3 .4
3 .9
3 .0
10.1

6 .4
7.0

7 .6
8 .3

8.1
8 .9

5 .1
5 .6

5 .8
6 .3

6.5
7.1

7.1
7 .8

5 .3
5 .8

M a y 1969 t o A p r i l 1970:
1 1 -m o n th i n c r e a s e . ................. ..................... ...............
A n n u a l r a te o f i n c r e a s e ................... ........................

4 .9
5 .4

7.0
7 .7

5 .2
5 .7

6.5
7.1

4 .1
4 .5

5 .4
5 .9

5 .0
5 .5

7 .3
8 .0

A p ril
A p ril
A p ril
A p ril

4 .9
5 .4
5 .0
7.2

5 .3
4 .1
4 .8
7.5

7 .6
7 .8
5 .4
6 .0

3 .8
6.1
3 .7
8 .3

5 .4
5 .3
4 .9
5 .6

4 .8
4 .6
5 .0
8 .7

7.0
7 .8
5.1
7.2

3 .6
9 .0
6.2
8.1

June 1962 t o June 1 9 6 3 ____________ ________________
June 1963 t o June 1 9 6 4 ____________ _____ ___ ____ _
June 1964 to June 1 9 6 5 ....................................................
June 1965 t o June 1 9 6 6 ____________________________
June 1966 t o June 1967
_ ______
June 1967 t o June 1 9 6 8 . _________________________
June 1968 to M a y 1969:
1 1 -m o n th in c r e a s e ______________________________
A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e __________________ ___

1970
1971
1972
1973

to
to
to
to

A p ril
A p ril
A p ril
A p ril

1 9 7 1 ___________ _____________
1 9 7 2 ....... .........................................
1 9 7 3 __________________________
1 9 7 4 __________________________

N O T E : T h is m e a s u r e o f w a g e ch a n g e s w il l b e d is c o n t in u e d
b e g in n in g J u ly 1 974.
It w il l b e r e p la c e d b y the m e a s u r e p r e s e n t e d
in ta b le A - 8 .

22




Table A-8. Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts, in
Houston, Tex., April 1973 to April 1974
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

O c c u p a t io n a l g ro u p

O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )..
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n ).
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s (m e n ) ...
U n s k ille d pla n t w o r k e r s (m e n ) ..

*

__
____
..

.

.

6 .5
9 .2
7 .0
4 .9

M a n u fa c­
tu rin g

N on m a n u ­
fa c t u r in g

4 .9
9 .9
7 .2
6 .7

7 .0
*
*
4 .7

D ata d o n ot m e e t p u b lica tio n c r i t e r i a .

N O T E : T a b le A - 8 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s te d t o e x c lu d e the e ff e c t o f e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s .
T h e n ew m e th o d
f o r co m p u tin g w a g e tr e n d s i s b a s e d on ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s
r e p o r t in g th e in d ex j o b s in b o th th e c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ),
h o ld in g e s t a b lis h m e n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e j o b s co n s ta n t.
T h e new, w ag e t r e n d s a r e n ot lin k e d t o the c u r r e n t in d e x e s b e c a u s e th e n ew w a g e tr e n d s
m e a s u r e ch a n g e s in m a tc h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e s w h e r e a s th e c u r r e n t in d e x e s m e a s u r e
ch a n g e s in a r e a a v e r a g e s . O th er c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f th e n ew w a g e t r e n d s w h ic h d iff e r f r o m
th e c u r r e n t o n e s in c lu d e (1 ) e a r n in g s data o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s
a r e c o n v e r t e d t o an h o u r ly b a s i s , and (2 ) t r e n d e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d f o r n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r ip t io n o f th e n ew m e th o d u s e d t o co m p u te a r e a w a g e s u r v e y
in d e x e s , s e e "I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u rv e y I n d e x e s , " M on th ly L a b o r R e v ie w , J a n u a ry 1973,
pp . 5 2 -5 7 .

23

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Houston, Tex., April 1974
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5'

In e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is ts
M a n u fa ctu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r y 4

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f —

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

40

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

B a se d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f —
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

____________

311

96

XXX

215

XXX

311

96

XXX

215

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a ving a s p e c i fie d m i n i m u m ________________

74

26

26

48

37

125

43

43

82

66

$ 7 0 .0 0 and u n d er $ 7 2 .5 0
- __________________________ ___
$ 7 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 7 5 .0 0 ____ _______________________________
$ 7 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 7 7 .5 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 7 .5 0 and uncler $ 8 0 .0 0 _____________ ___________________ .
$ 8 0 .0 0 and u n d er $ 8 2 .5 0 ______________________ ____ _________
$ 8 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 8 5 .0 0 - _____________________________
$ 8 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 8 7 .5 0 __________________________ ______
$ 8 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 0 0 .0 0
_
$ 9 0 .0 0 and u n d er $ 9 2 .5 0
$ 9 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 9 5 .0 0 ____ _________________ _______
$ 9 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 9 7 .5 0
_________________ ________
$ 9 7 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 100.00 _
_ _
$ 100 .00 and u n d e r $ 1 0 2 .5 0
_ .....
$ 1 0 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 1 0 5 .0 0 _______________________ _________
$ 105 .00 and u n d e r $ 1 0 7 .5 0 ________________________ _______
$ 107 .50 and u n d er $ 1 1 0 .0 0 _________________________________
$ 1 10 .00 and u n d er $ 112.50 ______________________________ _
_
$ 1 1 2 .5 0 and u n d er $ 1 1 5 .0 0
___________________
$ 115.00 and u n d e r $ 117 .50 ___________________ _____________
$ 1 1 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 1 2 0 .0 0
................................ .........................

_
2
1
5
2
5
10
13
1
4
8
3
4
2
i
2
2
4

_
2
2
1
3
5
_
3
1
1
1
1
2

_

_

2
2
1
3
5
3
1
1
1
1
2

_
2
1
3
4
7
8
1
4
5
2
3
1
1
1
.
2
2

.
_
1
_
3
_
4
6
5
_
3
4
2
3
1
1
1
.
1
1

1
2
5
1
12
8
9
17
21
5
* 3
9
5
6
3
1
2
3
1
4

.
_
_
_
3
2
1
4
9
1
1
4
2
2
2
_
1
3
2

.
_
_
_
3
2
1
4
9
1
1
4
2
2
2
_
1
3
_
2

1
2
5
1
9
6
8
13
12
4
2
5
3
4
1
i
i
.
i
2

1
2
3
_

$ 125 .00 ___________________ _____________
$ 1 3 0 .0 0
$ 1 3 5 .0 0
_
$ 1 4 0 .0 0
_ _
_
_
$ 1 4 5 .0 0 ___ -___________ - - - - ________

3
.
2

3
.
1

3
1

_

_

4
1
.

_
.
1

*

-

4
_
1
_
1

E s ta b lis h m e n t s ha vin g n o s p e c i fie d m in im u m ___________ __

33

11

XXX

2 04

59

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n t s s t u d i e d _____________________

$ 120 .00
$ 1 2 5 .0 0
$ 1 3 0 .0 0
$ 1 3 5 .0 0
$ 1 4 0 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

E s ta b lis h m e n t s w h ic h d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y
_ .
..

. ..

i

_

-

-

_
1

.
1

4
.
1
1

22

XXX

81

28

XXX

53

XXX

145

XXX

105

25

XXX

80

XXX

*

1

*

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




7
4
7
10
10
4
2
3
3
4
1
i
i
_
i

24

1

-

_
i
-




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plant workers
in Houston, Tex., April 1974
(A lj^ p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g ■ 100 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a ving p r o v is io n s 7
f o r la t e s h ifts

L a t e - s h if t p a y p r o v is i o n

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on la te s h ifts

S e c o n d sh ift

T ota l

__________________________________________

No p a y d iff e r e n t ia l f o r w o r k on late s h i ft __ _
P ay d iff e r e n t ia l f o r w o r k on la te sh ift

_ _

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

9 1 .5

7 8.7

20.2

10.2

2 .3

1.8

0 .5

0 .5

89.2

7 6.9

19.7

9.7

84.3

7 1 .2

18.7

9.1

.7
1.0
2 .6
.5
4 .0
.2
.7
.4
.5
.3
2 .8
1.2
.3
.2
3.1
.
_
.
.1
•-

_

T y p e and a m ou n t o f d iff e r e n t ia l:
U n ifo r m c e n t s (p e r h o u r ) _________ ________
5 c e n t s _____ __ ____________________________
7 cen ts
8 c e n t s . ___________________________________
9 c e n t s ___________________ ________________
10 c e n t s ___________________ ______ _____ __
11 c e n t s ________________________________
12 c e n t s _________________________ _________
I2V2 c e n t s ____________ _ . . . ____ ____ _____
13 c e n t s
___
__ _
_ __
_
I3V3 c e n t s _ ____________ __
____
14 c e n t s
_ _
15 c e n t s
16 c e n t s
___ _
_
17 c e n ts
18 c e n t s __________________________________
20 c e n t s
___
_
_ ... .
22 c e n ts
_ _ _
_
25 c e n t s
_ _
2 6 V, c e n t s
30 c e n t s __________________________________
32 c e n t 8 ____________ ____________ ,________
34 c e n t s ____ _______ ___________ _____ ___ _
40 c e n t s
...
_

_

2 .2
3 .5
8.1
2 .2
18.7
.9
3.3
1.4
1 .8
.9
15.3
2 .9
1.9
1.4
19.1
.
.

2 .3
-

2 .2
7 .2
1.0
.8
_
-

6 .9
3.7
-

.4
-

.
.3
.
1.2
.1
_
1.0
.6
-

-

7 .6
8.2
3.6
4 .8
1.8
4 .8
4 .1
.4
12.0

*

.9
.6
.2
.4
.2
.7
.6
.1
2 .0

4 .0

2 .3

.8

( 8)

6 p e r c e n t s ______ ________________ ___
10 p e r c e n t
12 p e r c e n t ___ ____________ ______ ____ _____
15 p e r c e n t

1.3
.9
1.8

.9
1.3
-

.4
.1
.2

O th er f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___ ___ ______

.9

3 .4

.2

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e _

_

_ _

___ _

-

.7
-

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

25

_
( ')

.6

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers in Houston, Tex., April 1974
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s

A l l w o r k e r s ___

_____

_________

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

__

—

_ »

100

30 h o u r s — 6 d a y s ___________________________________
35 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ___________________________________
35 3 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ______ •__________________ ____ _
/4
36 h ou r s— 4 d a y s _________________________________
3 6 V4 h o u r s — 5 d a y s _________________________ __ .
37 h o u r s ---- 5 d a y s _
___ .
37Vio h o u r s — 5 d a y s ____________________________
37Vz h o u r s ___________________________________________
5 d a y s ________ ______ ___ ________________________
57a d a y s _________ _______________ _________________
383 h ou rs— 5 days
/4
_____- ________________________
39 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ___________________________________
40 h o u r s ___________________________________________
4 days
5 days
572 d a y s __________________________________________
42 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ___________________________ , ______
4274 h o u r s — 572 d a y s _____________________________
4272 h o u r s — 5 d a y s __________________ ____________
43 h o u r s — 6 d a y s
___________ _________________
44 h o u r s __
_
5 V2 d a y s _____ __ __ . . . __ ______ ________________
6 days
_
_
__ .
45 h o u r s ___________
__ _______ _ ______ _____
5 d a y s ___
_
5 V2 d a y s ________ ____ __ ___ ___ __________ _____
_
47 72 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ________________________________ _
48 h o u r s — 6 d a y s
________ ___ ___ . __ ___ . . . __
50 h o u r s ____ ___________ ______
_____________ ____
5 days
_ _ _____
572 d a y s ___________
___________________
__
6 d a y s __ ______________ _
___ _____________ ____
54 h o u r s — 5 V2 d a y s

H
1
1
3
3
(’ )
81
80
(’ )
1
1
(’ )
3
2
(9 )
2
2
(9)
(9 )
4
2
1
1
1
(9 )

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

100

3
3
85
85
2
1
1
1
4
4
2
3
2
1
1
(’ )

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

100

100

100

91
91
.
3
2
2
2
2
2
2

•
-

2
2
7
7
73
71
2
2
_
2
_
1
8
4
4

-

(9)
( 9)
2
92
92
_
_
7
4
3
-

S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tra d e

100

100

100

100

100

100

_
_

4
_
_
.

_
92
92
3
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
.
.

_
_
.
_
5
5
2
92
92
•
1
_
_
_
.
.
.
•
.
.
.
.

_
_
•.
6
6
94
94
.

.

-

.

2
6
_
(9)
( 9)
79
79
_
3
3
2
2
9
.
-

1
(9)
( 9)
1
2
10
9
1
3
1
81
(9)
81
(9)
(’ )
(’ )
(9)
( 9)
.
.
.
(’ )
-

(’ )

S ee fo o t n o t e at en d o f t a b l e s .




P e rce n t o f o ff ic e w o rk e rs

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

26

(9)
.
_
3
3
97
97
.
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
.
( 9)

(9)
(9)

_
.
_
.
.
.
_
.
_
.
_

S e rv ice s

100

_
(9)
24
24
.
.
74
1
74
,
_
_
_
1
1
_
_
.
,
(9)
.
.
.

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays in Houston, Tex., April 1974
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
Item

A ll w o rk e rs

__

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

____

__

___________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l id a y s ___________________________________ __
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P e rce n t o f o ffic e w ork ers

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

S e rv ice s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

95

99

97

100

91

86

99

100

100

100

100

99

5

1

3

-

9

14

(’ )

-

-

-

-

1

_
1
1
2
1
7
1
9
(9)
15
1
42
18
1

_
1
6
7
29
50
3
-

2
8
4
8
16
19
30
5
-

_
.
.
.
3
4
2
28
59
4
(9)

(’ )
-

-

_
3
19
3
30
18
13
11
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2

_
3
53
53
82
82
89
89
95
97
97
97
97
97
97

_
2
2
13
26
26
44
44
74
78
97
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
5
5
5
5
35
35
53
70
77
77
81
89
91

4
13
13
14
15
22
22
48
70
73
75
77
86
86

2
2
2
3
13
52
52
68
71
87
87
96
98
98
98
98
99
99

N u m b er o f d a y s 10
1 h a lf Hay
1 h o lid a y
2 h o l id a y s _______ _
__
___
_______
__
3 h o l id a y s _______ __
_________ _______ _______
4 h o lid a y s _ _______________________________________
5 h o l id a y s .
. __ _____ _ . __
__ _____ ____
5 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________ _____
6 h o lid a y s
6 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s .
_ ________ __
7 h o lid a y s _ _
__
__
__ ____
__ _
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ___ ____________ ____ __ _
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s
__
_____ _
___ __
8 h o l id a y s _________ . . . . ______________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ______________________ _
9 h o lid a y s
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _ _____
_____
_ .
10 h o l i d a y s ______ ____________ ______________ _________
1 1 h o lid a y s __ - _
__ __ _____
______________
12 h o lid a y s
___________
_ __
13 h o lid a y s _ ___ ___
_
_____
13 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf iday
_ .......... _

(’ )
3
2
(’ )
3
10
(’ )
15
(’ )
(’ )
16
(’ )
11
(9)
25
9
(’ )
(’ )
(’ )
-

_

_

_

9
2
2
3
22
25
8
(’ )

(’ )
(’ )
(’ )
(9)
4
(’ )
8
(’ )
(’ )
15
3
(’ )
16
1
39
1
10
(’ )

-

2
9
4
-

(’ )
1
1
8
1
14
(’ )
9
3
46
16
(’ )

-

_

.
.
(9)
14
2
14
12
40
15
-

-

(’ )

4
-

_
4
63
63
91
91
93
93
97
100
100
100
100
100
100

4
4
4
19
59
59
70
70
84
86
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

_

-

(’ )
2
1
23
22
(’ )

( 9)
(’ )
1
7
11
-

35
.
17
-

(’ )
10
13
(9)
8
31
2
15
-

.
-

-

.
17
17
17
17
52
53
74
97
98
98
99
100
100

.
17
49
49
57
69
79
79
90
97
98
98
99
99
99

T o t a l h o lid a y t im e 1
1
13l/2 d a y s
______________________________ .
13 d a y s o r m o r e
______________________________
.
12 d a y s o r m o r e _ _
____ _______________ __
11 d a y s o r m o r e ___ _
___ ______ _______ ______
10 d a y s o r m o r e
9 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
8V2 d a y s o r m o r e . . _________ _______________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e . ____________________________ ___
7 d a y s o r m o r e ________ __ _____ _____ ____________ _
_
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e __________ ___ _________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________^_______
5 d a y s o r m o r e ____________ _______________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ________ _______ _________ ______
3 d a y s o r m o r e ________ ___________________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e . ____ _____ ______ ____________________
1 d a y s o r m o r e _ _______________________________ __
_
V2 d a y o r m o r e ___
____ _____ __________

-

-

(’ )
(’ )
1
9
34
35
46
46
62
62
77
87
89
90
91
94
95

(’ )
(’ )
1
19
60
61
77
77
87
87
95
98
98
98
99
99
99

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




27

_
(’ )
(’ )
1
17
62
65
74
75
90
90
99
99
99
99
100
100
100

_

Table B-4a. Identification of major paid holidays in Houston, Tex., April 1974
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
H o lid a y 10

A ll \ york ers

.

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

.

.

_
_

N ew Y e a r 's D a y . . ___
__________ ___ __ .
W a s h in g to n 's B irth d a y _
..
.. .
. T
G o o d F r i d a y . ____________________ ________________ _
_
San J a c in t o D a y _____________________________________
M e m o r ia l D ay .... ..........................................
F o u r th o f J u ly _ _______ . __ __ _ _____ ___ __ ____ _ _ _
_
_____ _
_
_T
___________
L a b o r D ay
R o s h H ashannah
_
..
.. Y o m K ip p u r
,,
„ „ . T
..
C o lu m b u s D av _ _____ _________ ... _____
.
Veterans D a y
. ___ .
.
. . .
.
.
Thanksgiving Day.
.. ~l..
..
_
^
Day after T h a n k s g i v i n g ___ ___ ______ ____ _____ ____
C h r i s t m a s E v e ______________________________________
C h r i s t m a s Eve, half Bay
C h r i s t m a s D a y ____________ ________________________
_
N e w Y e a r ' s E v e _______ ______________________________
N e w Y e a r ' s E v e , half d a y _________________________
F t o a t i n g holiday, l . d a y 13._______________________ _
F l o a t i n g h oliday, 2 d a y s 1 3 ________________________
F l o a t i n g h olid a y , 3 d a y s 1 3 ______ __________________
F l o a t i n g h oliday, 4 d a y s 1 3 _________________________
E m p l o y e e ' s b i r t h d a y __ .. .. .. ________ ___
E m p l o y e e ' s a n n iv e r s a r y
T . _____ _____ . . . . . . . __
___

See

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

100

100

90
13
38
7
52
87
8b
3
J
2
9
88
24
24
2
94
7
1
16
2

97
18
75
15
71
98
97
1
1
3
9
98
48
48
3
97
15
2
18
1

(’ )

2
18
1

-

10

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tra d e

100

100

97
49
46
<’ )
91
97
97
-

S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
7
22
8
71
100
100
4
3

78

77
6
15
1
35
73
69

100
38
60
4
95
100
100

99
19
38
5
62
98
95

-

100
24
57
5
86
100
100
2
(’ )

98
_
2
(’ )
16
97
95
9
9

-

99
31
46
5
81
99
99
2
1
10
23
99
31
20
6
99
5
3
21
3
1
6
10
1

-

10
100
20
25
2
99
4

1
95

6
14
98
23
29
2
99
6
15
23

-

13
69
69
10
8

_

1
4
73
8
5

96
1

2
100
20
29
3
100
2

89

86

-

-

3

-

7

9
10

24
2

-

5

53
97
24
15
-

(’ )
-

33

73
-

7
13
9

32

f o o t n o t e s at e n d of tables.




P e rce n t o f o ff ic e w o rk e r s

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

28

-

(’ )

6
(’ )

7
3

99
15
73
12
79
99
99
(’ )
<»)
3
5
99
53
51

.

49
100
28
7

5

4

99
16
2
20

99
1
4
16
14

(’ )
-

•

8

18

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

100

(’ )
(’ )

100

-

-

42
4

24
1

-

-

9
9

17
36

3

S e rv ice s

100

-

-

8
8
4
9

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in Houston, Tex., April 1974
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
V a ca tio n p o l ic y

A l l w o r k e r s ____ ___ _______

AU
in d u s t r ie s

___

______

100

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

P e rce n t o f o ff ic e w o rk e r s

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

S e rv ice s

AU
in d u s t r is s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

S e rv ice s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
95
5
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

98
96
1

87
87
-

99
99
-

99
99
-

100100
-

100
100
.

100
100
-

99
99
*
•

1

-

-

2

13

(’ )

(’ )

-

-

-

40
(’ )

_

2
25
-

7
30
1
-

30
4
4

1
25
.

*

4
36
2
1

_
27
-

-

(’ )
3
1
-

_

17
-

-

-

_

_

30
6
64
-

53
47
-

1
52
44
-

M eth od o f pa ym en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s __
_ __
__ __
_____
L e n g t h - o f-t i m e p a y m en t
--------- ------- -----—
P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t _______ __ ______ ___ _______
O th er
_
____ . . . . ______ _
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s _________ _______— ------------------

97
95
2
<»)
3

(* )

A m ou n t o f v a c a t io n pay 14
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n der 1 w e e k _ ___ _________________ _____ __ __ _____
1 w e e k _______________________ ____ .._____ ____ _ _
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________ ________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------- -----------------------

5
15
(’ )

11
7
-

13
32
5
-

A f te r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e
U n der 1 w e e k ___ ________________________ ____
1 w e e k ______ ______ ____
_
___ —w —
w
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ___
_ ________
2 w e e k s ______
____
_ _ _______
_
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
_
__ __
3 w e e k s _____ ___ ___ _ ,T . .

(’ )
56
2
39
(? )
(’ )

61
2
36
-

(’ )
22
2
71
2
(’ )

_
24
3
68
4
-

-

*

_

_

_

.

_

_

70
(’ )
15
<»)
1

20
2
76
1
1

27
2
69
3
-

20
1
79
-

27
.
73
.

35
65
-

-

-

*

2
98
(’ )

5
1
93
.

m

26
13
48
8
5

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w e e k _______________ ____ _ _
1 w e e k _______ _
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _____
2 w e e k s ___ ____ _____ _ _ __
_
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s . _
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s

- ,----

.
17
3
77
3
-

_

_

-

27
59
(’ )
1

3
(’ )
94
2
1

1
6

_
22

1
23
2
71
-

15
84
(’ )

_

_

V
5
.
74
15
5

4
93
3
-

3
.
96
1
-

1

_
1

1

_
2

2

1

94
3
1
1

89
3
7
-

98
1
-

94
4
-

98
-

-

-

-

78
15
•
5

.

_

_

_

_

1
•
89

1
98
1

2
_
94

(’ )

-

2
98
-

1
•
78
15
•

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w e e k

______

O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _________________ _ .
_
2 w e e k s ____ ______ ______ ________ _
__
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ____________ _______ .._ .
_
3 w e e k s __ ____ ___ ___ _. .
_r
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s - ___ _ _ _ _

(’ )
7
i
86
2
1
(* )

_
3
2
87
4
4

_
1

_
12

91
-

-

86
3
-

-

-

-

1

_

1
2

22

93
6

64
(’ )

-

m

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w e e k
1 w e e k ________________________________________ ______
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s . __ __ __
. .
2 w e e k s _____ _____
_
___
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________ _
3 w eeks
_
- . .
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _____ _

(’ )
5
1
87
2
1
(’ )

_

2
2
88
4

4

.

1
93
6
(’ )

12

1

-

-

•

-

86
3
-

94
-

64
(’ )

94

1

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




_

29

3

1
1

4
7

4

5

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in Houston, Tex., April 1974—Continued
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o l i c y

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

P e rce n t o f o ff ic e w o rk e r s
R e t a il
tr a d e

S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

S e rv ice s

A m ou n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 14— C on tin u ed
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e 6 k ______________________________________________.
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
4 w eeks _
_
___ _

4
1
70
2
20
(9)
n

.
i
64
3
31
-

i
79
6
14
-

3
88
(9)
8
-

2
1
78
16
-

22
55
2
7
1

( 9)

-

-

-

-

4
n
29
2
51
2
9
(’ )

_
19
3
54
4
19
(9 )

1
10
3
76
3
6
-

3
43
50
2
1

2
1
39
56
-

22
40
1
21
1
4

*

-

-

4
(* )
26
1
53
3
9
<’ >

_
12
2
59
6
20
( 9)

1
6
5
79
3
6
-

3
42
52
2
i

2
1
39
56
-

-

-

22
36
1
20
5
4
-

4
(’ )
20
(’ )
48
3
21

1
4
69
23
3
-

3
13
63
21
-

2
1
31
50
14

22
34
22
3
7

n

10
1
49
7
32
-

-

-

-

-

(’ )

(’ )

-

-

*

-

1

3
13

2
1
31

22

(’ )
71
4
23
1
( 9)

_
66
2
29
3
( 9)

i
_

(9)

73
1
25
_

60
(9 )
40
_

89
11
_

*

-

-

_

i
_
69
18
6
5
-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________ _
3 w e e k s _______________. _____________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w eeks
_
6 w eeks

(9 )
21
(9 )
64
i
13
(9 )

_

18
1
64
_
17
(9 )

1
_
5
_
72
1
21
*

(’ )
22
45
4
28
*

.

32
_
66
2
-

1
.
21
2
66
5
4
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________ _________ __ _
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s _______________________ _________________ _
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s . _____________________ _
3 w eeks
_ _
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________ ______ __
4 w eeks
_
_
6 w e e k s __ _______
____________________ ____

(9)
18
1
64
4
13
(9 )

_

10
1
66
5
17
(9 )

1
_
4
(’ )
73
1
21
-

(9 )
19
45
7
28
-

_

_
32
66
2
-

1
_
18
4
54
18
4
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ppk
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ______________ ___________________________ __
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s . . ___________ __________
3 w e e k s . ___________ ______ m
_________________ ___ __
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _______________________ _
4 w e e k s __________ _
__ _ _ __
__ _ __
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s _______ _________
5 w e e k s ________________.____ r________________________
6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

(’ )
(9)

7
(’ )
54
5
30
3
(’ )
(9 )

(9 )

_

1

-

-

7
(9)
18
1
59
3
12

3
6
64
25
1
“

(9)
12
(9 )
56
5
26
1

1
.
17
52
15
14
.

-

20
70
10
-

-

-

-

1
.
3
60
35
1
-

11
43
3
42

*

(’ )

-

-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
____ _ _
__ __
2 w e e k s _______
.
.
. . .
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____ • __
__
___ __ __ _
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s __________ _ ____ __
5 w eeks
_____
.
__ _______
O v e r 5 and u n d er 6 w e e k s _______________________
6 w e e k s ___ _________ .
__
..
______ . ___

4
n

19
(’ )
21
3
39
(’ )
9
n
r)

10
1
22
6
42
1
17
(’ )

-

4
-

6
3
70
13
3
“

-

-

-

40
31
12
-

18
45
-

25
1
10
1
-

“

"

“

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

28

30

12
(’ )
19
1
53
1
14
(9 )
(9 )

-

(’ )

(9)
11
20
33
35

.
-

20
20
60
-

1
-

15
21
5
54
3

-

-

-

“

“

“

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions in Houston, Tex., April 1974— Continued
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
V a ca tio n p o l ic y

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

P e rce n t o f o ffic e w o rk e r s

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tra d e

S e rv ice s

3
13
40
24
19
-

2
1
31
18
45
-

22
26
25
1
11
3
-

-

-

-

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

S e rv ice s

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n pay 14— C on tin u ed

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w e e k s _________________________________________ ___
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
_
_ ....
4 w eeks
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s
_
_ _
5 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 5 and u n d er 6 w e e k s
_ _
6 w eeks
_ _
_ _
_

4
(9)
19
(’ )
19
3
35
17
(9)
(9)

_
10
1
16
6
42
24
( 9)

i
4
6
3
24
56
3
3

4
( 9)
19
( 9)
19
3
34
15
(9)
2

_
10
1
16
6
42
20
5

1
4
6
3
24
55
3
3

3
13
40
23
21
-

2
1
31
18
45
-

22
26
25
1
11
3
-

-

*

-

4
(9)
19
(’ )
19
3
34
15
(9)
2

_
10
1
16
6
42
20
5

1
4
6
3
24
55
3
3

3
13
40
23
21
-

2
1
31
18
45
-

(9 )
12
( 9)
16
1
44
3
24
1
( 9)

_
7
( 9)
15
1
53
4
16
3
( 9)

_

i
3
6
21
68
1

a
20
26
3
40
-

20
20
60
-

i
14
22
5
52
.
5
-

(9)

-

-

-

(9)

A fte r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s _________________________________ ____________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks
.................
_ . . . . . . .
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
4 w eeks
...
_
_
.
_
5 w eek s. _
. . . ...
O v e r 5 and u n d er 6 w e e k s
_
.
6 w eeks _
___

(9 )
12
(9 )
16
1
42
26
(9 )
3

_
7
( 9)
15
1
53
17
7

1
3
6
21
59
1
9

(9 )
11
20
.
24
44
-

_
20
20
60
-

1
14
22
5
40
18
-

-

-

-

1
3
6
21
59
1
9

<9 )

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le
1 w eek
..
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s . . _ ... _
3 w eeks .
_ __
_
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w eeks
......
5 w e e k s ________ _____ __________________________
O v e r 5 and u n d er 6 w e e k s _________________________
6 w e e k s ____________________ ___________ __ ______ ___ ...
O ver 6 w eeks

See footnotes at end of tables.




31

22
26
25
1
11
3
_
-

(9 )
12
( 9)
16
1
42
25
( 9)
3
2

_
7
(9)
15
1
53
17
7

11
20
24
44
-

_
20
20
60
_
_
-

1
14
22
5
40
18
.

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions in Houston, Tex., April 1974
P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
fin a n cin g 15

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A l l w o r k e r s ------ --------- -----------------------------------

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g at
le a s t 1 o f the b e n e fit s show n b e l o w ________ ___
L ife i n s u r a n c e __________ _ _____________ _______
N o n c o n t r ib u to r y p la n s ___ . ______________
A c c id e n t a l dea th and d i s m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e
_ _ _
N o n c o n t r ib u to r y p l a n s ________ _______ ______
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le% ve o r b oth 16_______________________

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

P e r c e n t o f o ff ic e w o rk e r s

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

S e rv ice s

100

100

100

95

99

100

100

98

78

99

100

99

100

99

99

88
52

95
60

100
67

93
49

79
39

73
45

95
54

100
56

97
68

95
56

70
33

98
59

55
29

54
33

72
36

57
28

50
23

54
32

58
31

64
34

63
38

49
23

51
21

61
33

75

86

77

83

71

52

80

80

93

83

83

74

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e _________
N o n c o n t r ib u to r y p l a n s ___________ _ ____
_
S ick le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w a itin g p e r i o d ) _______________. __________
S ick le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d )

44
23

67
37

27
24

40
11

28
13

25
14

26
10

41
22

7
5

25
8

31
7

24
14
70

L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y i n s u r a n c e ______________
N o n c o n t r ib u to r y p l a n s ____ _________ _____
H o s p ita liz a t io n i n s u r a n c e _______________
N o n c o n t r ib u to r y p l a n s ________________
__
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ____
_ ......
_
N o n c o n t r ib u to r y p l a n s __________ ___________
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e „ ___ ___________ ____ ______
Non c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _____________ ________
M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ______________________
N o n c o n t r ib u to r y p l a n s ___ ____ _ ____ _____ _
D en tal i n s u r a n c e _________ . _____ __________
Non c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n _ __ ____________ __
N o n c o n t r ib u to r y p l a n s . ___ ___ ____ ____ _____

30

20

29

58

30

44

64

60

73

75

32

19

24

27

6

25

2

10

8

16

6

40

1

17
9
93
46
93
46
93
46
89
43
6
5
70
59

25
14
99
55
99
55
99
55
94
51
6
4
85
76

12
7
100
63
100
63
100
63
96
61
16
14
71
68

38
17
97
48
97
48
97
48
95
46
4
4
67
47

6

9
6
71
38
72
38
68
35
66
32
1
1
41
35

48
30
99
47
99
47
99
46
98
45
7
7
83
70

40
20
99
52
100
52
100
52
98
50
11
9
87
70

32
23
98
63
98
63
98
63
98
63
4
4
77
72

64
44
99
51
99
51
99
51
99
47
3
3
84
70

15
2
98
25
98
25
98
25
98
25
3

44
27
99
66
99
66
99
61
98
60
20
20
71
70

-

94
32
94
32
94
32
92
32
7
5
70
53

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




32

-

57
46

Footnotes

A ll o f th e se

s ta n d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y n ot a p p ly t o th is b u lle tin .

1
S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f pa y f o r o v e r t im e
at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n
d e s ig n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e and h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th an th e ra te sh ow n .
T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d
b y 2 r a te s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f th e w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than th e lo w e r o f t h e s e r a te s and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e than th e h ig h e r r a te .
3
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
4
T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la t e t o f o r m a lly e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m s ta r tin g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s th at a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a rd
w ork w eek s.
5
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s su ch a s m e s s e n g e r .
6
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a nd f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
In c lu d e s a ll pla n t w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h if t s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r la te
s h if t s , e v e n th ou gh th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e n ot c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
8
L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
10
F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is s tu d y , p a y f o r a Sunday in D e c e m b e r , n e g o tia t e d in th e a u t o m o b ile in d u s t r y , is n ot t r e a t e d as a p a id h o lid a y .
11
A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf d a y s th at a dd t o th e s a m e a m ou n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g
a to ta l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 fu ll d a y s and n o h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll da ys and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll da ys and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on .
P r o p o r t io n s th en w e r e c u m u la te d .
12
T h e s e d a y s a r e p r o v id e d a s p a r t o f a C h r is t m a s —N ew Y e a r h o lid a y p e r io d w h ic h t y p ic a lly b e g in s w ith C h r is t m a s E v e and en ds w ith
N ew Y e a r 's D ay.
S u ch a h o lid a y p e r io d is c o m m o n in th e a u t o m o b ile , a e r o s p a c e , and f a r m im p le m e n t in d u s t r ie s .
13
" F lo a t in g " h o lid a y s v a r y f r o m y e a r t o y e a r a c c o r d in g t o e m p lo y e r o r e m p lo y e e c h o i c e .
14
I n c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " s u ch a s p e r c e n t a g e o f ann ual e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an
e q u iv a le n t tim e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r io d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b it r a r ily
and do n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p le , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s at 10 y e a r s in c lu d e ch a n g e s b e tw e e n
5 a nd 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e lig ib le f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a ft e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e lig ib le f o r
at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
15
E s t im a t e s lis t e d a ft e r ty p e o f b e n e fit a r e f o r a ll p la n s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p lo y e r . "N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y th e e m p lo y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e le g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
U n d u p lica te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k le a v e pla n s a r e
lim it e d t o t h o s e w h ich d e fin ite ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t e a c h e m p lo y e e ca n e x p e c t .
I n fo r m a l s ic k le a v e
a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .




33

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e a n d r e la t e d b e n e fit s data a r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is i t s o f B u r e a u fi e ld
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f th e in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t
and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s i s c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v is i t and m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e
f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s sh ou ld n ot b e a s s u m e d
to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h »m ay
c o n t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e r a t e s
p a id in cu m b e n ts a r e c o l le c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b
d e s crip tio n s .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a li z e d than t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m in o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m on g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .

In e a c h o f the 9 4 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e
2
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s : M a n u fa ctu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n ,
and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the
c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a v in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e o f in s u ff ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d . S e p a ra te
ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the
s c o p e o f the stu d y a n d n ot the n u m b e r a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m on g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l
e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
the s a m p le o f
e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e the r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s stu d ie d .
T h ese
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r ia ll y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s da ta .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e
d e t a ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y
in d u s tr y a n d n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t i fie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y sa m p le i s s e l e c t e d ,
w ith e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y
at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d .
W hen
da ta a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t is w e ig h t e d a c c o r d i n g t o its p r o b a b ilit y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o
that u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p le , i f on e out o f fo u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f fo u r t o r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a lte r n a te o f th e sa m e
o r i g in a l p r o b a b ilit y is c h o s e n in th e s a m e in d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f ic a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le
f o r th e o r i g in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f n o s u ita b le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is
a s s ig n e d t o a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r t o th e m is s in g un it.

W age t r e n d s f o r

s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s

In d e x e s in ta b le A - 7 m e a s u r e w a g e s at a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s
d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d .
S u b tra ctin g 100 f r o m the in d e x y ie l d s the p e r c e n t ch a n g e in w a g e s f r o m
the b a s e p e r io d to th e da te o f the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e o r in c r e a s e in t a b le s A - 7
a n d A - 8 r e la t e to w a g e ch a n g e s b e t w e e n the in d ic a t e d d a t e s .
A n n u a l r a t e s o f in c r e a s e , w h e r e
sh ow n , r e f l e c t the a m o u n t o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 m o n th s w h en the t im e sp an b e tw e e n s u r v e y s w a s
o th e r than 12 m o n th s .
T h e s e c o m p u t a t io n s a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t io n that w a g e s in c r e a s e d at
a c o n s ta n t r a t e b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .

O c c u p a t io n s and E a rn in g s
P e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e r e p o r t e d in t a b le s A - 7 and A - 8 r e f l e c t tw o d iff e r e n t m e a s u r e s o f
w age m ov em en t.
T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f ic e
c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s and a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f s k ille d m a in te n a n ce and
u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s in the a r e a .
T a b le A - 8 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in a v e r a g e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s f o r the sa m e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s t e d to e x c lu d e the e f f e c t o f e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s .
T h e m e th o d u s e d t o c o m p u te w a g e t r e n d s in ta b le A - 8 is b a s e d on ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g in d e x j o b s in b oth the c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tch e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t s ); e s t a b lis h m e n t e m p lo y m e n t in the j o b s w a s h e ld co n s t a n t .
D ata f o r the m a tc h e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e w e ig h te d to r e p r e s e n t a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g the j o b in the p r e v io u s y e a r .

O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n o n ­
m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f th e fo llo w in g t y p e s : (1 ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s io n a l and
t e c h n i c a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t ; a n d (4 ) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t . O c c u p a tio n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r ­
e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b . O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e li s t e d
and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g th e jo b
t it l e s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s li s t e d and
d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n i s t o o s m a ll t o p r o v id e en ou g h data t o
m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t data.
E a r n in g s data n ot sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d
d a ta , w h e r e sh ow n .
L ik e w i s e , data a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f ic a t i o n w hen a s u b ­
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not sh ow n o r in fo r m a t io n
t o s u b c l a s s i f y i s n ot a v a ila b le .

M eth od

co m p u tin g

w age

tre n d s.

O c c u p a t io n s

u sed

to

c o m p u te

w age

tr e n d s

O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ):

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the le v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t im e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y n ot r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e ch a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y ch a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r
e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e , o r h ig h -w a g e
w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t te r j o b s a n d b e r e p la c e d b y new w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
Such
s h ift s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in
an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , show n in
t a b le s A - 7 and A - 8, a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than in d iv id u a l j o b s w ithin th e g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s t r ie s a n d e s t a b lis h m e n t s
d i ff e r in p a y le v e l and j o b s t a ffin g , and thus co n t r ib u t e d iff e r e n t ly to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P ay a v e r a g e s m a y f a il t o r e f le c t a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d iff e r e n t ia l a m on g j o b s in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-y ea r c y c le before July 1972.
2 Included in the 94 areas are 8 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . —
P a .; Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—H ollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A l a .; Lexington, K y .; Melbourne—Titusville—C ocoa,
F la .; and Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approxim ately 70 areas
at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.

are:

I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ):

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s e s A and B
C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s e s A , B, and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o l l
K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s e s A and B
M e s s e n g e r s ( o f f i c e b o y s and g ir ls )
S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten og ra p h ers, g e n e ra l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is t s , c l a s s e s A and B

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e sh ow n f o r f u l l- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e
h i r e d t o w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le . E a r n in g s data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and
f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , and la te s h ift s . N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r t o th e sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e
ro u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l la r .




of

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g i s t e r e d )

In d e x e s f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in the p r o g r a m

S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n ):
C a rp en ters
E le ctricia n s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o t iv e )
P a in t e r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ):
J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n dlin g
a r e c o m p u t e d a s f o l lo w s :

1. E a ch o c c u p a t io n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in the
s e l e c t e d g r o u p o f o c c u p a t io n s in the b a s e y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d to co m p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e
(m e a n ) e a r n in g s is m u lt ip lie d b y it s w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e to t a le d t o o b ta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .
3. T he r a t io o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is c o m p u te d b y d iv id in g the
a v e r a g e fo r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt s — e x p r e s s e d a s a
p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t c h a n g e .
4. T he c u r r e n t y e a r 's in d e x is o b ta in e d b y m u lt ip ly in g the p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d e x b y the
r a t io o f the c u r r e n t y e a r 's g r o u p a v e r a g e to the p r e v io u s y e a r 's g ro u p a v e r a g e .

34

L im it a t io n s o f data. I n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , as p r e s e n t e d in
t a b le A - 7 , a r e in flu e n c e d b y (1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w a g e c h a n g e s , (2 ) m e r it o r o t h e r p a y i n c r e a s e s
r e c e i v e d in th e s a m e j o b , (3 ) ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s du e t o la b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s
o r r e d u c t io n s , and (4 ) ch a n g e s r e s u lt in g w hen e s t a b lis h m e n t s e n t e r and le a v e th e a r e a .
O c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s ca n in c r e a s e o r d e c r e a s e w ith ou t any a c t u a l ch a n g e in w a g e s . F o r e x a m p le ,
e v e n th ou g h a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s g iv e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y d e c lin e b e c a u s e l o w e r pa y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s e n t e r th e a r e a o r ex pa n d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s . S im i la r l y , w a g e s m a y r e m a in
r e l a t i v e ly co n s t a n t , y e t a v e r a g e s r i s e b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s e n t e r th e a r e a o r
ex p a n d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e . A s m e n t io n e d , data in ta b le A - 8 a r e a d ju s t e d t o r e m o v e s o m e o f th e
lim it a t io n s t o th e in fo r m a t io n in ta b le A - 7 , p a r t ic u la r ly ch a n g e s r e s u lt in g f r o m f o r c e e x p a n s io n s
o r r e d u c t io n s and f r o m th e a d d itio n o r d e le t io n o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the s u r v e y s a m p le .
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is i o n s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta r y
w a g e p r o v is i o n s f o r pla n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s . " P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll
non s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ff ic e fu n c t io n s . C a fe t e r ia
w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m m a n u fa c t u r in g , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g
in d u s t r ie s . " O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s . A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , a n d p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a la r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e la t e on ly t o the e s t a b lis h m e n t s v is it e d .
(S ee t a b le B - l . ) B e c a u s e o f th e o p tim u m s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d and the p r o b a b ilit y that la r g e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s t o h a v e fo r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s a b o v e th e
s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , th e ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m and la r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
Shift d iff e r e n t ia l data a r e lim it e d t o pla n t w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s .
(See
ta b le B - 2 . ) T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f (1 ) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c y 3 f o r t o t a l plant
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (2 ) e ff e c t iv e p r a c t ic e f o r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f ie d sh ift at th e
t im e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r ie d d i ff e r e n t ia l s , th e a m ount a p p ly in g t o a
m a jo r it y is u s e d ; i f n o am ou n t a p p lie s t o a m a jo r it y , th e c l a s s i f ic a t i o n " o t h e r " is u s e d .
In
e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g s o m e la t e - s h if t h o u r s p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i ff e r e n c e is r e c o r d e d on ly
i f it a p p lie s t o a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s . A s e c o n d (e v e n in g ) sh ift en d s w o r k at o r n e a r
m id n ig h t. A t h ir d (n ig h t) sh ift s t a r t s w o r k at o r n e a r m id n ig h t.
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s o f a m a jo r it y o f th e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an
e s t a b lis h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g t o a ll pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b lis h m e n t . (See
ta b le B - 3 . ) S ch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a jo r it y o f f u l l- t im e e m p lo y e e s
a r e e x p e c t e d t o w o r k fo r s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d
s t a t is t i c a ll y a s a p p ly in g t o a ll plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f su c h w o r k e r s a r e e li g ib le
o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r th e p r a c t ic e s lis t e d .
(S ee t a b le s B - 4 th ro u g h B - 6 . ) S u m s o f
in d iv id u a l it e m s in t a b le s B - 2 th ro u g h B - 5 m a y not e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f rou n d in g .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s is a s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s ra th e r than
a m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e fit s .
(S ee ta b le B - 5 . )
P r o v is io n s a p p ly t o a ll pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f len gth o f s e r v i c e .
P a y m e n ts on o t h e r than a t im e b a s is a r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t im e p e r io d ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n in g s a r e c o n s id e r e d e q u iv a le n t t o 1 w e e k 's p a y .
Only b a s ic p la n s a r e in clu d e d .
E s tim a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t io n b o n u s e s , v a c a t io n -s a v in g s p la n s , and " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l "
b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s . S u ch p r o v is i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in the s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and can
in d u s t r ie s .

H ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s f o r w h ic h the e m p lo y e r p a y s at le a s t a p a rt o f
the c o s t in c lu d e th o s e (1 ) u n d e rw ritte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p ro fit
o r g a n iz a t io n , (2 ) p r o v id e d th ro u g h a u nion fu n d , o r (3 ) p a id d i r e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r out o f
c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g funds o r f r o m a fund set a s id e f o r t h is p u r p o s e .
(See ta b le B - 6 . ) An
e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to h a ve su ch a plain i f the m a jo r it y o f e m p lo y e e s a r e c o v e r e d e v en
though le s s than a m a jo r it y p a r t ic ip a t e u n d er the plan b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s a r e r e q u ir e d t o
c o n t r ib u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t . E x c lu d e d a r e le g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su c h as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n ,
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a il r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d t o that ty p e o f in s u r a n c e u n d er w h ic h p r e ­
d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t ly t o the in s u r e d d u rin g t e m p o r a r y il ln e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll su c h p la n s t o w h ich the e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ic h h a ve e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s
r e q u ir in g e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d on ly i f th e e m p l o y e r (1 ) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e
than i s le g a lly r e q u i r e d , o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fit s w h ic h e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s
o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s o f p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d t o f o r m a l p l a n s 5 w h ich p r o v id e fu ll
pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's pay d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l ln e s s . S e p a ra te
ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1 ) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and n o w a itin g p e r io d ,
and (2 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e e it h e r p a r t ia l pay o r a w a itin g p e r io d . In a d d itio n t o th e p r e s e n ta tio n
o f p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an
u n d u p lica te d t o t a l is sh ow n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e iv e e it h e r o r b oth ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .
L on g t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a y m en ts t o t o t a lly d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon
the e x p ir a t io n o f t h e ir p a id s ic k le a v e a n d /o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a
p r e d e t e r m in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ilit y (t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ). P a y m e n ts a r e m a d e u n til th e end o f the
d i s a b ilit y , a m a x im u m a g e , o r e li g ib il it y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fit s . F u ll o r p a r t ia l pa y m en ts a re
a lm o s t a lw a y s r e d u c e d b y s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n s b e n e fits
p a y a b le t o the d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

Data on p a id h o lid a y s a r e lim it e d t o h o lid a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s i s , w h ic h (1 )
a r e p r o v id e d f o r in w r it te n f o r m , o r (2 ) a r e e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m . (S ee ta b le B - 4 . ) H o lid a y s
o r d in a r i ly g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v en though th ey m a y fa ll on a n o n w o rk d a y and th e w o r k e r is n ot
g ra n te d a n o th e r day o ff . T h e f i r s t p a rt o f th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le
and h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g ra n te d .
T h e s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s t o show
to t a l h o lid a y t im e .
T a b le B - 4 a r e p o r t s the in c id e n c e o f th e m o s t c o m m o n p a id h o lid a y s .

M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o t e c t e m p lo y e e s f r o m s ic k n e s s and in ju r y e x p e n s e s
b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d i c a l, and s u r g i c a l p la n s . T y p ic a l fe a t u r e s o f
m a jo r m e d i c a l p la n s a r e (1 ) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id b y th e in s u r e d b e fo r e b e n e fits
b e g in ; (2 ) a c o in s u r a n c e fe a tu r e r e q u ir in g the in s u r e d t o pay a p o r t io n (e .g . 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a in e x p e n s e s ; and (3 ) s ta te d d o l la r m a x im u m b e n e fit s ( e . g . , $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 a y e a r ) .
M e d ic a l
in s u r a n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l p a y m en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . D en tal in s u r a n c e u s u a lly c o v e r s
f i ll in g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s . E x c lu d e d a r e p la n s w h ic h c o v e r o n ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t
dam age.
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's li fe .

3 A n establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it m et either o f the follow ing conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the tim e
o f the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts. A n establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had
operated late shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

* I k e temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minim um number o f days sick leave available
to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Houston, Tex.,1
by major industry division,2 April 1974
N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l is h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e o f stud y
Studied

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

T o t a l4

Stu died

P la n t
N u m b er

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o ta l4

A l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s
A ll d iv is io n s -

..

.

__

. . . .

________

M a n u fa ctu r in g _
. .. .
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 „
W h o le s a le t r a d e ________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e ____________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v ic e s 8
... .

-

1, 951

311

4 1 2 ,6 1 2

100

2 5 9 , 058

6 4 ,7 3 7

1 9 0 ,7 5 9

50
-

535
1 ,4 1 6

96
215

1 4 2 ,7 4 5
2 6 9 ,8 6 7

35
65

1 0 3 ,9 3 2
155, 126

1 3 ,2 5 2
5 1 ,4 8 5

6 7, 963
1 2 2 ,7 9 6

50
50
50
50
50

177
306
390
228
315

40
43
47
29
56

5 0 ,6 1 3
4 6 , 118
8 4 ,1 2 8
3 6 , 560
5 2 ,4 4 8

12
11
20

1 0 ,7 4 0
1 1 ,3 5 9
6 , 105
C)
6 , 627

3 5 , 616
15, 943
3 8 ,7 5 1
1 2 ,9 5 2
19. 534

9
13

2 5 ,0 4 1
2 1 ,0 5 1
6 7 ,4 1 0
(6)
3 5 ,0 7 3

L a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s
A ll d i v i s i o n s _______ —

________________

—

M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________ ____________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 T
__
W h o le s a le tra d e
R e t a il t r a d e
_
_
... ..
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v ic e s 8

-

139

103

1 7 7 ,8 4 8

100

1 1 2 ,3 4 5

2 8 , 342

151, 927

500
~

55
84

35

6 9 ,3 1 9
108, 529

39

4 9 ,0 4 5
6 3 ,3 0 0

6 , 605

54, 824
9 7 ,1 0 3

500
500
500
500
500

30

3 1 ,1 8 6
1 2 ,8 0 7
4 1 , 172
8 , 594
1 4 ,7 7 0

18
7
23
5

68

17

17
9

12
8

21
8

17

13

61

8

15, 982
2 , 579
3 2 ,9 0 5
(‘ )
1 0 ,8 9 3

2 1 ,7 3 7
7 ,8 7 4
4, 014
3 , 674
n
1 ,2 5 4

3 1 ,1 8 6
1 0 ,7 4 7
3 4 ,3 8 1

8 , 594
1 2 ,1 9 5

1 T h e H ou s ton S ta n da rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l
A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y the O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t th rou g h N o v e m b e r 1972, c o n s is t s o f B r a z o r ia , F o r t B en d , H a r r is , L ib e r t y , and
M o n t g o m e r y C o u n t ie s ,
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in
the s u r v e y .
E s tim a t e s a r e n ot in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r
c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e
e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e l s s in c e (1 )
p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b lis h m e n t
da ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d it io n o f the S ta n da rd I n d u s tria l C l a s s if ic a t i o n M a n u a l
w a s u se d to c l a s s i f y e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s su c h a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, arid o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e p la n t and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in d ie S e r i e s A t a b le s , b u t f r o m r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t im a t e s
fo r "a ll
i n d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n o f data fo r th is d i v is i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in the d i v is i o n is to o s m a ll to
p r o v id e enpugh da ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu d y , (2 ) the s a m p le w a s not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ff ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n ,
and (4 ) th e r e is p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t da ta .
7 This- in d u s t r y d i v is i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the S e r i e s A t a b le s , and
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " in the S e r i e s
B t a b le s .
S ep a ra te
p r e s e n t a t io n o f da ta is n o t m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f
the r e a s o n s g iv en in fo o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a rk in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g
r e l ig i o u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t co v e ra g e

I n d u s tr ia l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa ctu rin g

T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n sh o w s the p e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in
e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h a c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the w o r k e r s in the
r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , H o u s to n , T e x ., A p r i l 1974:

O v e r o n e -t h i r d o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the H ou ston a r e a w e r e
e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s the m a jo r in d u s tr y g r o u p s and
s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g :
In d u s try g r o u p s

P la n t w o r k e r s

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s

C h e m ic a ls and a llie d p r o d u c t s __ 18
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 17
14
P e t r o le u m and c o a l p r o d u c t s ___ 10
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t s
8
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t and
6

P r i m a r y m e t a l in d u s t r ie s _______ 6
P rin tin g and p u b l is h i n g _________ 5

40
63
82
30
14
7

C o n s t r u c t io n and r e la t e d
14
12

9
F a b r ic a t e d s t r u c t u r a l
6

M i s c e ll a n e o u s fa b r ic a t e d
m e t a l p r o d u c t s ______________ _

6

3
31
-

2
6

A n e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to h a ve a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s
i f a m a jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d b y a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e fo r e ,
a ll o t h e r p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that e it h e r d o not h a ve
la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s that a p p ly to fe w e r than h a lf o f t h e ir
pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f the e x te n t to w h ic h
a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y the p r o v is i o n s o f la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s ,
b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d and d ie in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is lim it e d .

5

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e f o r e a ct u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on the r e s u lt s o f the s u r v e y a s show n in the a p p e n d ix ta b le .




O ffi c e w o r k e r s

36

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w ag e s u r v e y s is t o a s s i s t its fie ld s t a ff in c l a s s i fy in g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s fr o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w ag e r a t e s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le j o b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i ff e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u se in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fi e ld e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ica p p e d , p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — C on tin u ed

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b il ls , and in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in cid e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e o f m a c h in e , as fo l lo w s :

P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A . U n der g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s w h ich
r e q u ir e the a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, fo r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a cco u n tin g t r a n s a c t io n s , s e le c t in g a m on g a su b sta n tia l v a r ie t y of
p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n tin g c o d e s and c l a s s i f ic a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th rou g h p r e v io u s
a cco u n tin g a c t io n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e a s s is t e d b y one o r m o r e
c l a s s B a cco u n tin g c l e r k s .

B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a ch in e (c o m b in a t io n ty pin g
and a dding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b il ls and in v o i c e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r ­
n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p r e ­
d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r
m a y not b e c o m p u te d on th e b illin g m a c h in e , and to t a ls w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a cc u m u la te d
by m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b il l b ein g
p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d on e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t
a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b il ls as p a rt o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b l e o p e r a ­
t io n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n e o u s e n try o f fi g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T he
m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u t e s
and u s u a lly p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n o w l­
ed g e o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W ork s fr o m u n ifo r m and sta n d a rd t y p e s o f s a le s and c r e d i t s l ip s .

C la s s B . U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and sta n d a rd iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e ro u tin e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s , su ch as p os tin g to
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e re id e n t ific a t io n o f ite m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s tin g s a r e
c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d in g d o c u m e n ts u sin g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m . M ay p e r fo r m
c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a sk s r e q u ir e d t o m a in ta in f i l e s . P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s on the
b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A . C l a s s if ie s and in d e x e s f i le m a t e r ia l su ch a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h ­
n ic a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m co n ta in in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d s u b je ct
m a t t e r f i l e s . M a y a ls o f i le th is m a t e r ia l. M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r le v e l fi le c l e r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d
o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i le s
in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s re q u e ste d ,
w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r f o r m r e la t e d

C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t ic u la r a cco u n tin g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d i s t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s t o be u s e d in e a ch
p h a se o f th e w o rk .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in c lu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d er b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d i s t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d i s t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh e e ts f o r the a c c o u n tin g d e p a r tm e n t.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l t a s k s su ch as p o s tin g t o r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i li n g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in te r n a l c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a t ic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
and v e r i fy in g fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M a y w o rk
in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a cco u n tin g s y s t e m .
T h e w o rk r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f i c e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
w h ich r e l a t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a c c o u n tin g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , th e w o r k e r t y p i c a ll y b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to h a ve a k n o w le d g e o f the fo r m a l
p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g .




u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s i m p l e .(s u b je c t m a tt e r ) h e a d ­
fin e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f i le s and f o r ­
c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i le s .

C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that ha s a lr e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
is e a s il y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r ia l c l a s s i f ic a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g i c a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i le s and fo r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; and m a y f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u al t a sk s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C LE R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il , p h on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u ties in v o lv e any c o m b in a t io n o f the fo l lo w i n g : Q u otin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r
sh e e t lis t in g the it e m s t o m a k e up the o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n titie s o f it e m s on o r d e r
sh eet; and d is t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r tm e n ts t o be f i ll e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d it
d e p a r tm e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t ra tin g o ( c u s t o m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo l lo w up o r d e r s to s e e that th ey h a ve b e e n fi ll e d , k e e p fi le o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipp ing
i n v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
s h e e t s . D u ties in v o lv e : C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d da ta on p a y r o ll s h e e t , sh ow in g in fo r m a t io n su ch a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t im e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and to t a l w a g e s d u e. M ay m a k e ou t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m a k in g up and d is t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

37

KEYPUNCH O PE R A TO R

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n ch
ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r o n ta p e .

m a c h in e

to r e c o r d

o r v e r ify

a lp h a b e tic

a n d / o r n u m e r ic

data on

P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A .
W ork r e q u i r e s th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t in s e le c t in g p r o c e ­
d u r e s t o b e fo l lo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g it e m s to be
k e y p u n ch e d f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . On o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e
k e y p u n ch w o r k .
M a y t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .

N O T E ; T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the le v e l d e fin it io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t iv i t ie s . T h e t it le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a lly in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n ot
in a ll c a s e s id e n t ify su ch p o s it i o n s . V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o se p r im a r y r e s p o n s i b il it y is to a ct p e r ­
s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r den y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n ts ; d i r e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n ot c o n s id e r e d t o be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g the fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la s s A

a ll ,
C la s s B .
W o rk is r o u tin e and r e p e t it i v e . U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f ic
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts w h ic h h a ve
b e e n c o d e d , and fo l lo w s s p e c i f ie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e
lit t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in te r p r e t in g o f da ta to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b l e m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a t io n .

1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l ,
s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

M E S S E N G E R (O ff ic e B o y o r G ir l)

o f a m a jo r

B

1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u tie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h in e s s u c h a s s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g m a il , and o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c lu d e p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t du ty.

a ll ,

SECRETARY

3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w t h e officer level, o v e r ei ther a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e functi on al activity (e.g., m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , industrial re l a tions, etc.) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t (e.g., a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r division) of a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r t h a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p l o y e e s ; or

A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a ll y t o on e in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W ork s f a ir ly in d e p e n d e n tly r e ­
c e i v in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
d u tie s , u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :

a.
R e c e iv e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g
in q u i r e s , and r o u t e s t e c h n ic a l in q u i r i e s to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
m a in t a in s ,

m a il ,

a n sw ers

b.

E s t a b li s h e s ,

c.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

4.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the h ea d o f a la r g e and im p o r ta n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l
h u n d re d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a il, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

M a in ta in s the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts a s in s t r u c t e d ;

d.

ro u tin e

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll , o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

and r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's fi l e s ;
C la s s C

s u p e r v is o r t o s u b o r d in a t e s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

P e r fo r m s

by

o t h e r s f o r the

1. S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b il it y is not eq u iv a le n t
to on e o f th e s p e c i f i c le v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin it io n f o r c l a s s B , but w h o se o r g a n iz a t io n a l
un it n o r m a lly n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a ­
tio n a l s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o ft e n , in tu rn , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l
in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r tw o; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o t h e r eq u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f ic i a l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll , fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iff ic u lt y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e ro u tin e and u n d e rsta n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lu s io n s
N ot a ll p o s it io n s that a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
o f p o s it i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin it io n a r e a s fo l lo w s ;

E x a m p le s

C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r h ea d o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a t io n a l un it ( e . g . , fe w e r than
abou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c i a l is t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . . (N O T E :
M a ny co m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G RAPH E R

a.

P o s it i o n s

w h ic h

do

n ot m e e t

th e

" p e r s o n a l"

secreta ry

b.

con cep t

d e s crib e d

above;

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t fu lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l ty p e d u tie s;

c.
S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s is t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s io n a l, t e c h n i c a l, o r
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;
d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ic h th e d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e r o u tin e o r
s u b s t a n t ia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s i b le than t h o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in th e d e fin it io n ;

P r i m a r y du ty i s t o ta k e d i c t a t io n u sin g sh o r th a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e th e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y . M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l . M a y o c c a s io n a ll y t r a n s c r i b e
fr o m v o i c e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y du ty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h i n e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).
N O T E ; T h is j o b is d is t in g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly
w o rk s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b le and d i s c r e t io n a r y t a s k s as d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin it io n .
S t e n o g r a p h e r , G e n e ra l

e.
A s s is t a n t t y p e p o s it io n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b le t e c h ­
n i c a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c i a l iz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ich a r e n ot t y p i c a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w ork .




D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e ly r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u ed

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c co u n tin g M a ch in e O p e r a to r )-* -C o n tin u e d

S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
or

P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l iz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s in le g a l b r ie f s
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t i f ic r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s in clu d in g d e v is in g
d iff ic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r ie t y o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e ir r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g
s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a tu re and s e q u e n cin g o f o p e r a t io n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r ie t y b f m a ­
c h in e s .
Is t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e d in t r a in in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s o r tra in in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lon g ahd
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e p o s it io n s in w h ich w ir in g r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim it e d t o .
s e l e c t i o n and in s e r t i o n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n ce and r e s p o n ­
s i b i li t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u i r e s a h igh
d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n ow led g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s
and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s i b le c l e r i c a l t a sk s su ch a s m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; re a d in g and
ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n s w e r in g ro u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d er s p e c i f ic in ­
s t r u c t io n s . A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le t e but rou tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d iffic u lt ta bu latin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
co u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s the t a b u la t o r and. c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n t o the s i m p l e r m a c h in e s
u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y be r e q u ir e d t o do s o m e w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s . M ay tr a in
n ew e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in tra p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d les
c o m p le x c a l l s , su ch as c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m il a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d itio n to
d oin g r o u tin e w o r k as d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a fu l l- t im e
a s s ig n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w hen the e s t a b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d
fu n c tio n s that a r e not r e a d ily u n d e rsta n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e la t e d fu n c t io n s , and c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s as to
w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C la s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tra p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n dle ro u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a ll s and r e c o r d t o ll s .
M a y p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f the fu n c tio n s o f the e s t a b lis h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e rsta n d a b le fo r te le p h o n e
in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f the r e q u e s t s a r e ro u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e rs w hen
s p e c i f i c n a m es a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a ll s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)
T h e s e c l a s s i f ic a t i o n s do not in c lu d e s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s in te le p h o n e c o m p a n ie s w ho
a s s i s t c u s t o m e r s in p la c in g c a ll s .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d itio n to p e r fo r m in g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g le - p o s i t i o n o r m o n it o r -t y p e s w itc h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n is t and m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a rt o f r e g u la r
d u tie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y take th e m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C la s s C . U n d er s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g
m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c . A s s ig n m e n t s
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g ru n s,
o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t i o n s . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e filin g w o rk .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w ritte n c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l iz e d v o c a b u la r y such as
le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t i fic r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d icta tio n
in sh orth a n d o r b y S ten oty p e o r s i m il a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la ­
tio n s h a ve b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in clu d e typin g o f s t e n c il s , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tra in in g , such
as k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d is tr ib u tin g in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T yp in g m a te r ia l in fin a l fo r m w h e n
it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t sp e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a t io n , p u n ctu a tion , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r fo r e ig n la n g u a ge m a t e ­
r ia l; o r p la n n in g la y ou t and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo rm ity
and b a la n c e in s p a c in g . M ay ty p e ro u tin e fo r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E le c t r ic A c c o u n t in g M a ch in e O p e r a t o r )
O p e r a t e s on e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s su ch as th e t a b u la t o r , c a lc u la t o r , c o l la t o r , i n t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , e t c . E x c lu d e d fr o m th is d e fin it io n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e le c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n though th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t.

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C o p y typing fr o m rough o r c l e a r
d r a ft s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; o r settin g up s im p le sta n d a rd
ta b u la tio n s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

COM PU TER OPERATOR
M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s da ta a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r . W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g :
S tu d ies in s t r u c t io n s to d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y eq u ip m en t in to c i r c u i t , and s ta rts
and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju stm e n ts to c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s and m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e d u rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m
t o s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
progra m .
,
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d er d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r run ning p r o g r a m s o r se g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M ay a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r by in d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m i n g l e s s d iff ic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m i n g d iffic u lt t a s k s fo llo w in g
d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d .

c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r run ning
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d
and in tr o d u c e d : s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ;
the p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o that id e n t ific a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u i r e s a
w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f th e to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n ot b e a v a ila b le . M ay
g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n c e t o lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r run ning
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d
p r o d u c t io n ru n s , t y p i c a ll y run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r no t e s t in g




o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r ch a n g e o r ca n n o t be c o r r e c t e d w ithin a r e a s o n a b le t im e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r sit u a ­
t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g sta n d a rd c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .

C la s s C . W o rk s o n r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c te d t o d e v e lo p
w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r eq u ip m en t u s e d and a b ilit y to d e t e c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in
run ning ro u tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d s o m e f o r m a l tra in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
COM PU TER PRO GR AM M ER,

BUSINESS

C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly st, in to a
s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic data p r o c ­
e s s in g e q u ip m e n t. W ork in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c i s e in ­
s tr u c t io n s w h ic h , w hen e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n ip u la tion

39

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— C on tin u ed
o f data t o a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u lt s . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f
c o m p u t e r c a p a b il it i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a tt e r
in v o lv e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a ile d flo w c h a r t s t o sh ow o r d e r in w h ic h data w ill b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e t o fo l lo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u rin g p r o d u c t io n run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s t o in c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r ada pt t o n e w r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m i n g b oth s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f t h is is th e s k ill u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it ia t e d b y th e co m p u t e r .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to
d e t e r m in e the da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a ­
tio n s o f n ew o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f da ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r ch a n g e s and f o r o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l
a s s is t.

to lo w e r

le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n o n p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e ly u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d
c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input da ta a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e outpu t da ta a r e c l o s e l y
r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s fo r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n ts in a bank ,
m a in ta in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b l e in a r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n ts
in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o le s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e
th e data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f the
da ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p lie d .

D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t i f ic
a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

d i r e c t io n

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s . W o rk in g f r o m d ia ­
g r a m s and c h a r t s w h ic h id e n tify th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g s te p s t o b e
a c c o m p li s h e d , and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
p la n s th e fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d t o e ff ic i e n t ly u t iliz e the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d en d p r o d u c t s .

OR
W ork s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o n r o u tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n t s .
W ork is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith
in s t r u c t io n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g i s d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r eq u ip m en t m u st b e o r g a n iz e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e data e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c t io n s m u st o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t io n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts t o data w h en p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n t s
t o f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

C la s s C . W ork s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p and ex p a n d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u i r e d fo r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i fic a t i o n s r e q u i r e d
b y p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y the h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t .

M a y p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l d ir e c t io n t o lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w h o a r e a s s ig n e d t o a s s i s t .
C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e l a t i v e ly s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly
p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n t o p r o d u c e data in tw o o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
and li s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s t o o r
d e le t io n s f r o m input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le . W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e data h a ve b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o that th e a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n cin g
o f data ca n b e t e s t e d b y u sin g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a l ly , th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith
ro u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .

DRAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d i s t in c t iv e d e s ig n
fe a t u r e s that d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ft in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the
e f f e c t o f e a c h ch a n g e on th e d e t a ils o f fo r m , fu n c t io n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts and p a r t s .
W ork s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a ft s m e n .

OR

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n t s that r e q u ir e the a p p li­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r ly u s e d .
D u ties t y p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b li e s w ith ir r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , and p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s , w a ll
s e c t io n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t ie s , st r e n g t h s ,
s tr e s s e s , e tc.
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d er c l o s e d i r e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt t a s k s a s s i g n e d , and p e r fo r m i n g m o r e d iffic u lt t a s k s u n d er f a ir ly c l o s e
d i r e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t l o w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly
le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew
a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ; and w o r k i s r e v ie w e d t o v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
re q u ire d p r o c e d u r e s .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e is o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f
c o m p o n e n t s and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s . In s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w hen a s s ig n m e n t s r e c u r .
W ork m a y b e s p o t -c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSIN ESS
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s t o fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g t h e m b y u se o f e l e c t r o n i c
data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i fic a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the
fo l lo w i n g : A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s t o b e a u to m a te d and id e n t if ie s c o n d it io n s and
c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d t o a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and
d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t io n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u ffic ie n t
d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n t o m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f
w o r k and data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s and p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l
ru n s o f n ew and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s eq u ip m en t ch a n g e s t o ob tain m o r e e ff e c t iv e
o v e r a ll o p e r a t io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m i n g b oth s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld
b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f t h is i s the s k il l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s i b le fo r the m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n
o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts p r im a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d by o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c i n g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p en o r p e n c il .
(D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p la n s p r im a r i ly
c o n s is t in g o f st r a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a l e n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s il y v is u a l iz e d it e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is

clo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o l lo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s in ­
v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f
input data and m u lt i p l e -u s e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a t e d
p r o d u c t io n s c h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a l y s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h




DRAFTSM AN - TRACER

W o rk s on v a r io u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c eq u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v i c e s b y p e r fo r m i n g on e
o r a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo l lo w i n g : In s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g , r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g ,
m o d ify in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , and t e s t in g . W o rk r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e
o f e le c t r o n i c s p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y t o d e t e r m in e m a lfu n c t io n s , and s k il l t o put e q u ip m e n t in r e q u ir e d
o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

40

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n t in u e d

T h e eq u ip m en t— c o n s is t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d iff e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u it s o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n
o f th e s a m e kind o f c i r c u it — in c lu d e s , but is n ot lim it e d t o , th e fo llo w in g : (a ) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s ­
m ittin g and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . , r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v i s io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a tio n a l
a id s ), (b ) d ig it a l and a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o llin g
e q u ip m e n t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir m e n o f su c h s ta n d a rd e le c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s c o m m o n
o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e le v i s io n s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k ­
e r s w h o se p r im a r y du ty is s e r v i c i n g e le c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h a ve a d m in is ­
t r a t iv e o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i b il it y ; and d r a f t s m e n , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o f e s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A .
A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e u n u s u a lly c o m p le x p r o b le m s
( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a ll y ca n n ot be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r e n c e to m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r
s i m il a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o rk in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t. E x a m p le s o f su c h p r o b l e m s in clu d e
lo c a t io n and d e n s it y o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o - m a g n e t i c r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and
fr e q u e n t e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s . W ork in v o lv e s : A d e t a ile d u n d e rsta n d in g o f th e in t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d ep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m i n g su ch t a s k s a s m a k in g c i r c u it
a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w av e f o r m s , t r a c in g r e la t io n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u l a r ly u sin g
c o m p le x t e s t in s tr u m e n ts ( e . g . , du al t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u lse
g e n e ra to rs).
W ork m a y be r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l
c o m p lia n c e witty a c c e p t e d p r a c t ic e s . M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s B.
A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e t o s o lv e c o m p le x p r o b l e m s ( i . e .,
t h o s e that t y p i c a ll y ca n be s o lv e d s o l e ly b y p r o p e r l y in te r p r e t in g m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r
s i m il a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n i c eq u ip m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s : A f a m il ia r i t y w ith
th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o ls and te s t in g in s t r u m e n t s , u su a lly l e s s c o m p le x than t h o s e u s e d b y th e c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

R e c e iv e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n ,
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e t o p e r f o r m s im p le o r ro u tin e ta sk s in
w o rk in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll
proced u res.
W ork t y p i c a ll y in v o l v e s s u c h t a s k s a s : A s s is t i n g h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s by
p e r fo r m i n g su c h a c t iv i t ie s as r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta kin g t e s t r e a d in g s ;
r e p a ir in g s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g t o o ls and c o m m o n t e s t in s tru m e n ts ( e .g .,
m u lt i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tub e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u ir e d to be
f a m il ia r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s . T h is k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d
th ro u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d t o i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in clu d in g c l a s s r o o m tra in in g ) s o that
w o r k e r ca n a d v a n c e t o h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o rk i s t y p i c a ll y sp o t c h e c k e d , but i s g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w w hen n ew o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n ts
a r e in v o lv e d .

N U R SE , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d i r e c t io n t o i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e il l o r s u f fe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
fa c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tten d in g t o s u b se q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s and h ea lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and p lanning and c a r r y ­
in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h ea lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o t h e r a c t iv i t ie s a ffe c t in g th e h e a lth , w e lf a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s
o r h ea d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild ­
ing w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t su c h as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s ,
s t a ir s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s : u sin g a
v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s : m a k ­
in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u rn e r ; and
c h e c k s w a t e r and s a fe t y v a l v e s .
M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o il e r r o o m e q u ip m en t.

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c t io n s su c h a s the in s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n , o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c ­
t r i c a l eq u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , h ea tin g u n its, co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n eq u ip m e n t; w o rk in g f r o m b lu e ­
p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l
s y s t e m o r eq u ip m e n t; w o rk in g sta n d a rd c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g and te s t in g
in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o su p p ly th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it i o n in g .
W ork in v o l v e s :
O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g eq u ip m en t
su ch as s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g eq u ip m e n t, s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p t io n . M a y a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ea d o r c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .




41

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c i fic
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k il l, su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r su p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o l s ; and p e r fo r m i n g o t h e r u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e kin d o f w o rk the
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is co n fin e d
t o s u p p ly in g , lift in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s
he is p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l iz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu l l - t i m e b a s is .

M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia li z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su ch a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e la t h e s , o r m il li n g m a c h in e s , in the c o n s t r u c t io n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; P lannin g
and p e r fo r m i n g d i ff ic u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d setu p s o r
a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o li n g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g o p e r a t io n
t o a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d i m e n s io n s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d t o r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n eed
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , and t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f ic a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : I n te rp re tin g w r itte n
in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E — C on tin u ed

P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g sta n d a rd m a c h in e t o o ls ;
sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k , t o o li n g , f e e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s ta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and eq u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o r k ;
and fit t in g and a s s e m b li n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t 's w o rk
n o r m a ll y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g , and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix t u r e s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s
th e fo l lo w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u li a r it i e s and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i ff e r e n t a p p lic a ­
t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a il
h o l e s and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite
le a d , and o t h e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s t o o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk o f the
m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T I V E (M a in te n a n ce )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b lis h m e n t . W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o 8 t_ o f_ ^ h e _ fo U o w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b li n g e q u ip m e n t and p e r fo r m i n g r e p a i r s that in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a u g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l iz e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b li n g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju stin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l in g and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s
a s s e m b li e s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b r a k e s
and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e m e c h a n i c s w ho r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to ­
m o b il e r e p a i r s h o p s .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l eq u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l lo w i n g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a in ly in v o lv e th e u se
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g and fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f the
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r it te n s p e c i fic a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l in g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e se ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w hen ch a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in ts o r o t h e r s p e c i fic a t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y
o f h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g th o f
m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd t o o ls ,
e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
eq u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, th e m il lw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

I n s ta lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fit t in g s in an
e s t a b lis h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e
p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r w r itte n s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e to
c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; t h re a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd s h o p co m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e th e r fin ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f ic a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r i ly e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n
o r h ea tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L

W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a l ls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t and fix t u r e s
(s u c h as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t il a t o r s , c h u te s , d u c t s , m e t a l
r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l lo w i n g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t a ll
t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; settin g
up and o p e r a t in g a ll a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls
in cu ttin g , b e n d in g , fo r m in g , sh a p in g , fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
as re q u ire d .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n ce s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g i n g s ,
p u n ch in g , and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m in g w o r k .
W ork in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g ; P la n n in g and
la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r o r a l and w r itte n s p e c i fic a t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r ie t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
sta n d in g o f the w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and a ll o y s ; se ttin g up and o p e r a t in g o f
m a c h in e t o o ls and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , and t o o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t -t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u rin g fa b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o r k in g t o c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a rou n d ed
t r a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f ic a t i o n .

t o o l and

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l

and d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G

GUARD AND WATCHMEN
G u a rd . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u tie s, e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . I n clu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s ta tio n e d at g ate and c h e c k
on id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s and o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a tch m a n . M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in st f i r e ,
t h e ft , a n d i l le g a l e n tr y .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e o n o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
O R D E R F IL L E R
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u ties in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l lo w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h i p s , t r a s h , and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x ­
t u r e s o r t r i m m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s ,
s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l iz e in w in d ow w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .




F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n ce w ith s p e c i f ic a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t io n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
t o fi ll in g o r d e r s and in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s it io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t e d d u tie s .

42

P A C K E R , SH IP P IN G

T R U C K D R IV E R — C on tin u ed

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g d ep en d en t upon the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r
o f u n its t o b e p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W ork r e q u ir e s
th e p la c in g o f it e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f the fo l lo w i n g :
K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e
and s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r ia l to
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g
id e n t ify in g data on c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by s i z e and ty p e
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh ou ld be ra te d on th e b a s is o f t r a il e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r iv e r
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

o f e q u ip m e n t, a s

(c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
lig h t (u n d e r lVz to n s )
m e d iu m (IV2 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e)
h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r than t r a i l e r ty p e)

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
TRU C KE R, POW ER
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s i b le f o r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r ia ls . S h ipping w o r k in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f the g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b il ls o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g
a f i le o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g th e m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o t h e r s in v e r i fy in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n ts
a g a in s t b il ls o f la d in g , in v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e je c t i n g d a m ­
a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and f i l e s .
F o r w ag e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o ll e d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t
g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s a bou t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
F o r w ag e stud y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f ie d by ty p e o f t r u c k , as fo l lo w s :
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (f o r k l if t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o t h e r than fo r k lift )

W A R E H O U SE M A N

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo l lo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
Sh ippin g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n loa d t r u c k w ith o r w ith ou t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u sin g d u ties w h ich r e q u ir e an u n d ersta n d in g
o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n .
W ork in v a lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls
(o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g d o c u m e n t s , n otin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s
d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g m a t e r ia ls t o p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t io n s ; s t o r in g , s ta ck in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and taking in v e n t o r y o f
s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; re m o v in g
m a t e r ia l fr o m s t o r a g e and p r e p a r in g it f o r sh ip m en t.
M ay o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in
p e r fo r m in g w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .
E x clu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e iv in g w o rk (s e e sh ipp in g
and r e c e iv in g c l e r k and p a c k e r , sh ip p in g ), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r
t r u c k s ( s e e t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Area W Surveys bulletins will be issued once every 3 years. These bulletins will contain information on establishment practices and supplementary benefits as well as earnings. In the interim years, supplements containing data on
age
earnings only will be issued at no additional costs to holders of the Area Wage bulletin. If you wish to receive these supplements, please complete the coupons below and mail to any of the BLS regional addresses listed on the back
cover of this publication. No further action on your part is necessary. Each year, you will receive the supplement when it is published.

Please send me a copy o f Supplement I to BLS Bulletin

Please send me a copy of Supplement II to BLS Bulletin
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
!

Name

Address

City and State




Zip Code

43

Name

Address

......................

City and State

..................

'

'
Zip Code

Available On Request
The follow in g a reas a re su rveyed p e rio d ica lly fo r use in adm inistering the S erv ice Contract A ct of 1965.
available at no co st w hile supplies last fro m any of the BLS region a l o ffice s shown on the back co v e r .
A b ilen e, T ex.
A la m og ord o—
Las C ru ce s , N. M ex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
A lexa n d ria , La.
Atlantic C ity, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Baton R ou ge, La.
B illin g s, Mont.
B rem erton , Wash.
B rid g ep ort, N orw alk, and Stam ford, Conn.
B ru nsw ick, Ga.
Cape C od, M a ss.
'Cedar R apid s, Iowa
Champaign—
Urbana, 111.
C h arleston , S.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
C la rk s v ille , Term ., and H opkin sville, Ky.
C olora d o S p rings, C olo.
C olu m bia, S.C.
C olum bus, Ga.— la.
A
C olum bus, M iss.
Corpus C h risti, T ex .
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth— u p e rio r, Minn.— is.
S
W
F a y ettev ille, N.C.
Fitchburg— e o m in s te r, M ass.
L
F ort Sm ith, A rk.—
Okla.
F r e d e rick — agerstow n—
H
Cham ber sburg—
M artinsburg, Md.—
Pa.—
W. Va.
F r e sn o , C alif.
Gadsden—
Anniston, A la.
G old sb oro, N.C.
Grand F o r k s , N. Dak.

Copies o f public re le a s e s a re o r w ill be

Grand Island— astin gs, N ebr.
H
G reat F a lls , Mont.
L a red o, T ex.
Las V ega s, Nev.
Logansport— eru , Ind.
P
L ow er E astern S h ore, M d.—
Va.- D el.
M cA llen — h a rr—
P
Edinburg and B row n sv ille—
H arlingen—
San B enito, T ex.
M acon, Ga.
M arquette, E scanaba, and Sault Ste. M a rie , M ich.
M erid ia n , M is s .
M id d lesex, M onmouth, O cean, and
S om erset C o s ., N.J.
M ob ile, A la ., and P en sa cola , Fla.
New Bern— a ck son v ille, N.C.
J
N orw ich—
Groton—
New London, Conn.
Oxnard—
Sim i Valley—
Ventura, C alif.
Panama C ity, F la .
Pine B lu ff, A rk .
Reno, Nev.
Salina, K ans.
S acram ento, C alif.
San A n gelo, T ex.
Santa Barbara—
Santa M aria—
L om p oc, C alif.
S elm a, A la.
Sherman— enison, T ex.
D
Sh reveport, La.
S p rin g field -C h icop ee— olyok e, Mas s .—
H
Conn.
T a com a , Wash.
T u cson , A r iz .
V a llejo— a irfield —
F
Napa, C alif.
W aco, T ex.
W ilm ington, D el.— .J.—
N
Md.

R eports for the follow in g su rveys conducted in the p rior yea r but sin ce discontinued are a lso a vailable:
A m a r illo , T ex.
B a k ersfield , C alif.
B iloxi—
Gulfport—P a sca gou la , M is s .
C rane, Ind.
E l P a s o , T ex.
Eugene— p rin gfield , O reg.
S
F a rgo— oorh ead, N. Dak.—
M
Minn.
G reen sb oro-W in ston Salem -H igh Point, N.C.
H a rrisb u rg , Pa.
K n ox ville, Tenn.
* Expanded to an a rea wage su rv ey in fis c a l year 1974.

M elbourne— itu sv ille— o co a , F la . (B reva rd C o.)*
T
C
M on tgom ery, A la.
N a sh ville, Tenn.
N ortheastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
O rlando, Fla.
P ortsm ou th , N.H.—
Maine— ass.
M
P u eblo, C olo.
T opeka, Kans.
Yum a, A r iz .
See inside back c o v e r .

The fourteenth annual re p o rt on sa la ries for accountants, a u d itors, ch ie f accountants, a ttorn eys, job an a ly sts, d ir e cto rs of p e rson n el, b u y e rs, ch e m is ts, e n gin eers,
engineering te ch n icia n s, d raftsm en , and c le r ic a l em p loyees. O rder as BLS Bulletin 1804, National Survey of P r o fe s s io n a l, A dm in istra tive, T ech n ica l, and
C le ric a l Pay, M a rch 1973, $1.05 a co p y , fr o m any of the BLS region a l sales o ffice s shown on the b ack c o v e r , or fro m the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U.S.
G overnm ent Printing O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins or bulletin supplem ents is p resen ted below . A d ir e cto ry of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies
conducted at the request of the Em ploym ent Standards Adm inistration of the Department of L a b or is available on request. Bulletins may be pu rch ased fro m any
of the BLS regional o ffices shown on the back c o v e r , or fro m the Superintendent of D ocum ents, U.S. Governm ent Printing O ffice , W ashington, D.G., 20402.
Bulletin supplem ents m ay be obtained, without co s t, only from BLS region al o ffic e s .
A rea

Bulletin num ber
and p rice

Akron, Ohio, D ec. 1973 1 ______________________________________ 1795-10, 65 cents
Albany—
Schenectady—T ro y , N .Y ., M ar. 1974_________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
Albuquerque, N. M e x ., M ar. 1974____ _____________ _______ ___ Suppl.
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— .J., May 1973—
N
_________ 1775-90, 50 cents
Atlanta, G a ., May 1974------------------------------------------------ ,------------- Suppl.
F ree
Austin, T e x ., D ec. 1973_______ _______________________ ________Suppl.
F ree
B a ltim ore, M d., Aug. 1973____________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Beaumont— ort Arthur—O range, T e x ., May 1974_____________Suppl.
P
F ree
Bingham ton, N.Y.— a ., July 1 9 7 3 * ___________________________ 1795-1, 55 cents
P
B irm ingham , A la ., M ar. 1974_______________________________ _Suppl.
F ree
B oise City, Idaho, Nov. 1973__________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
B oston , M a ss., Aug. 1973 ______ _______ ______________ _________ Suppl.
F ree
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1973_______________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Burlington, V t., D ec. 1973____________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Canton, Ohio, May 1973________________________________________ 1775-73, 40 cents
C h arleston , W. V a ., M ar. 1974------------------------------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
C harlotte, N .C ., Jan. 1974____________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Chattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 197 3___________________________ Suppl.
F ree
C hicago, 111., May 1973_____________ __________________________ 1775-88, 50 cents
Cincinnati, Ohio— y.—
K
Ind., F eb. 1974 1 ______________ _________ 1795-16, 75 cents
C leveland, Ohio, Sept. 1973_____________________________ ______ Suppl.
F ree
Colum bus, Ohio, Oct. 1973___________________ _______________ _ Suppl.
F ree
D allas, T e x ., Oct. 1973________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
1795-14, 65 cents
Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iowa—
M
111., Feb. 19741___ _
Dayton, Ohio, D ec. 1973_______________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D enver, C o lo ., D ec. 1973_____________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Des M oin es, Iowa, May 1974_______ ___________ ____________ ___ Suppl.
F ree
D etroit, M ich ., M ar. 1974____________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Durham, N .C ., D ec. 1973 1____________________________________ 1795-9, 65 cents
F ort Lauderdale— ollyw ood and W est Palm
H
B each, F la ., Apr. 1974----------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
F o rt W orth, T e x ., Oct. 1973___________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Green Bay, W is., July 1973__________ __ ____ ________________ Suppl.
F ree
G reen ville , S .C ., May 1974____________________ _____ ____ __ __ Suppl.
F ree
Houston, T e x ., Apr. 1974 1___________________________ ________ 1795-22, 85 cents
H untsville, A la ., Feb. 1 9 7 4 * __________________________________ 1795-13, 65 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1973___ ___ _________________ _____ _
Suppl.
F ree
Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1974 1____________________________________ 1795-12, 65 cents
J a ck son ville, F la ., D ec. 1973 1 _____________________ __________ 1795-8, 65 cents
Kansas City, M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1973 1_______________ _
1795-4, 80 cents
Law rence— averhill, M ass.—
H
N.H., June 1974------------- ----------- Suppl.
F ree
Lexington, K y., Nov. 1973—
_________________ ________________
Suppl.
F ree
Little Rock—
North Little R ock, A rk ., July 1973______________ Suppl.
F ree
Los Angeles—
Long B each and Anaheim—
Santa A naGarden G rove, C a lif., Oct. 1973________—___________________ Suppl.
F ree
L o u isv ille , Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1973__________________ _______ _____ Suppl.
F ree
Lubbock, T e x ., M ar. 1974______________________ _______________Suppl.
F ree
M an chester, N.H ., July 1973 __________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M elbourne— itu sville— ocoa , F la ., Aug. 1973 1______________ 1795-2, 55 cents
T
C

Bulletin num ber
and p rice

A rea
M e m p h is , T e n n .—A r k ., N ov. 1973 1 ________________________________
M ia m i, F l a ., N ov . 1 9 7 3 ______________________________________________
M id land and O d e s s a , T e x ,, Jan. 1 9 7 4 ____ _________________ _______
M ilw a u k e e, W i s ., M ay 1 9 7 4 ------------ ------------------------ -------------------------M in n ea p o lis—
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1 9 7 4 ------------ ---------------------------M uskegon—M usk egon H e ig h ts, M ic h ., June 1 9 7 3 ________________
N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1 9 7 4 __ ____________ _________
New H a ven , C o n n ., Jan. 1 9 7 4 _________ _______________________________
New O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1974 1 ________ _ __________________________
_
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1 9 7 4 ---------------------------------------------------------------N orfo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th and
N ew port N ew s—H am p ton, V a . , Jan. 1 9 7 4 _______________________
O k la h om a C ity , O k la ., July 1973 _________ _________________________
O m a h a , N e b r .—Iow a, Sept. 1 9 7 3 ------------ ------------------------------------------P a te r s o n —C lifton—P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1 9 7 3 __ _____ _____________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov. 1973 1_______________________________
P h o en ix , A r i z . , June 1 9 7 3 ______________________ _____________________
P ittsb u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1 9 7 4 _______________ __________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e , N ov. 1973 1________________________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M ay 1 9 7 3 _________________________________
P ou gh k e e p sie —K ingston—N ew bu rgh, N .Y ., June 1973___________
P ro v id e n ce —W a rw ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R .I .—M a s s .,
M ay 1 9 7 3 _______________________________________________________________
R a le ig h , N .C ., D e c . 1973 1 ___________ _____ ___________ ____________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 3 ___________ ____ ______________ __ ______
_
R iv e r s id e —San B e rn a rd in o —O n ta rio , C a li f ., D e c . 1 9 7 3 ________
R o c k fo rd , 111., June 1 9 7 3 ____________________________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1 9 7 4 _____________________________________ ’
Salt L ak e C ity , U tah , N ov. 1 9 7 3 ____________________________________
San A n to n io , T e x ., M ay 1974 1______________________________________
San D ie g o , C a l i f ., N ov. 1 9 7 3__________ ______________________________
San F r a n c is c o —O ak land , C a li f ., M a r . 1 9 7 4 ----------------------------------San J o s e , C a li f ., M a r . 1 9 7 4 _________________________________________
Savannah, G a ., M ay 1 9 7 4 ____________________________________________
S c ra n to n , P a ., July 1973 1___________________________________________
S eattle—E v e r e t t, W a s h ., Jan. 1974 1 _______________________________
Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k ., D e c . 1 9 7 3________ ___ ______ __________________
South B en d , In d ., M a r . 1974 1 --------------------------------- ------------------------S pokane, W a s h ., June 1 9 7 3 __________________________________________
T am p a—S t. P e te r s b u r g , F l a ., Aug. 1 9 7 3 —________________________
T o le d o , Ohio— ic h ., A p r . 1 9 7 4 _____________________________________
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1 9 7 3 ____________________________________________
W a sh in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 3 ___________________________
W a te r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 4 ____________ _________________ _________
W a te r lo o , Iow a, N ov. 1973 1 —_____
-■
____________________
W ic h ita , K a n s . , A p r. 1974 1_________________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M ay 1 9 7 4 ____________ _____________________ _ _ _ _ _
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1 9 7 4 _________________________________________________
Y oungstow n—W a r r e n , O h io, N ov. 1 9 7 3 ___ __________ ;______________

1795-11,
Suppl.
Suppl.
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-91,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1795-15,
Suppl.

65 cents
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
50 cents
F ree
F re e
70 cents
F ree

Suppl.
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-92,
1795-19,
1775-96,
Suppl.
1795-6,
1775-87,
1 7 7 5 -8 5 ,

F ree
F ree
F ree
55 cents
85 cents
50 cents
F ree
65 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1775-84,
1795-7,
1775-68,
Suppl.
1775-80,
Suppl.
Suppl.
1795-21,
Suppl.
Suppl.
Suppl.
Suppl.
1795-3,
1795-17,
Suppl.
1795-18,
1775-95,
Suppl.
Suppl.
Suppl.
1775-75,
Suppl.
1795-5,
1795-20,
Suppl.
Suppl.
Suppl.

35 cents
65 cents
40 cents
F ree
35 cents
F ree
F ree
65 cents
F ree
F ree
F ree
F ree
55 cents
65 cents
F ree
65 cents
50 cents
F ree
F ree
F ree
50 cents
F ree
60 cents
65 cents
F ree
F ree
F ree

* Data on establishment practices and supplementary wa g e provisions are also presented.




^

U . S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E :

1 9 7 4 - 6 4 0 - 1 1 6 /2 4

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTIC
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

LAB 441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O FFIC E S
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia. Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1T54 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kcnsas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
VIII
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
California
Idaho
Hawaii
Oregon
Nevada
Washington