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Area
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 1950-33
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

Greenville—Spartanburg, South
Carolina, Metropolitan Area
June 1977

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u lts o f a June 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
e a r n in g s in the G r e e n v ille —S p a rta n b u rg , South C a r o lin a , Stan d ard M e t r o p o li­
tan S t a t is t ic a l A r e a . T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u rea u o f L a b o r
S t a t is t ic s ' annual a r e fi w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w as con d u cted b y the
B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in A tla n ta , G a ., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f
J e r r y G . A d a m s , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p e r a tio n s .
The
s u r v e y cou ld n ot h a ve b een a c c o m p lis h e d w ith o u t the c o o p e r a tio n o f the m a n y

f ir m s w h o s e w a g e and s a la r y data p r o v id e d the b a s is f o r the s ta t is t ic a l
in fo r m a tio n in th is b u lle tin . T h e B u rea u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p r e ­
c ia tio n f o r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e iv e d .
M a t e r ia l in th is p u b lic a tio n is in the p u b lic d o m a in and m a y be r e ­
p ro d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m is s io n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t. P le a s e c r e d i t the
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s and c ite th e n a m e and n u m b e r o f th is p u b lic a tio n .

Area
Wage
Survey

Greenville—Spartanburg, South
Carolina, Metropolitan Area
June 1977

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

October 1977
Bulletin 1950-33

In tro d u c tio n --------------------------------------------------------

2

T a b le s :
A.

E a rn in g s , a ll es ta b lis h m en ts :
A - l . W e e k ly e a rn in g s o f o ffic e
w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------A - 2 . W e e k ly e a rn in g s o f p r o f e s ­
sion al and te c h n ica l w o r k e r s ------A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f
o ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and
tech n ica l w o r k e r s , b y s e x -----------A -4 , H o u rly e a rn in g s o f m a in te ­
nance, to o lr o o m , and
p o w e rp la n t w o r k e r s --------------------A -5 . H o u rly ea rn in g s o f m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t and cu stod ia l
A -6 .

A -l.

A p p en d ix A .
A p p en d ix B.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.

3
5

6

7

A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f
m ain ten an ce, to o lr o o m ,
p o w e rp la n t, m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m ent, and c u s to d ia l w o r k e r s ,
b y s e x -----------------------------------------P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a v e ra g e
h o u rly earn in gs, ad ju sted f o r
e m p lo ym e n t shifts, f o r s e ­
le c te d occu p atio n al g r o u p s -----------

11

Scope and m ethod o f s u r v e y ----------O ccu p ation al d e s c r ip tio n s --------------

12
15

10

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h ich th e U .S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u re a u
o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d
b e n e fits . (S e e li s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k c o v e r . ) In ea c h a r e a , o c c u p a tio n a l
e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e c o lle c t e d an n u ally. In fo r m a tio n on e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) is
o b ta in e d e v e r y th ir d y e a r . T h is r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s ta b le g .

E a c h y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e en c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n ts n a tio n a l and
r e g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lita n a r e a d ata, f o r
a ll S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in the U n ite d S ta te s , e x c lu d in g
A la s k a and H a w a ii.

A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n e e d
to d e s c r ib e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts ,
th ro u g h th e a n a ly s is o f (1 ) th e l e v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n ,
and (2 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a tio n th at m a y b e u sed f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in c lu d in g
w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in
d e te r m in in g p lan t lo c a tio n . S u rv e y r e s u lts a ls o a r e u sed b y th e U.S. D e p a r t­
m en t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e te r m in a tio n s u n der th e S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t
o f 1965.

A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b le s A - l th ro u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s o f s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . F o r th e 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th ro u g h A - 13 p r o v id e s i m i l a r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t ch an ges in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s
o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d p lan t w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s ib le , d ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s and f o r m a n u fa c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e ly . D ata a r e not p r e s e n te d f o r s k ille d
m a in te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in th is o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a ll to
w a r r a n t s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
tr e n d s a f t e r e lin im a tio n o f ch an ges in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y ­
m en t s h ifts am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s . F o r fu r th e r d e t a ils , s e e ap p en d ix A .
A p p e n d ix e s
w age

A p p e n d ix A d e s c r ib e s th e m eth o d s and c o n c e p ts u sed in th e a r e a
s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v id e s in fo r m a tio n on the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s
m is t s to c la s s ify w o r k e r s b y o c c u p a tio n .

u s e d b y B u re a u f i e l d

econo­

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1977
Weekly

earnings
( standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

workers

weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in gs o f—
$

Average

$
80

Mem2

M e d ian 2

Middle range 2

$
90

S

$
100

110

$
120

*

$

%

S

$

$

S

S

S

S

$

S

*

*

$

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

160

17 0

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

over

141
108
33
2

122
73
49
2

71
44
27

46
40
6
1

27
19
8
4

18
7
11
2

12
5
7
1

11
5
6
2

3
1
2
2

6

-

34
21
13
2

1
1
“

5
3

2
2

2
2

6
6

7
7

7
5

5
5

5
5

_

-

*

*

1
1

7
5
2

11
10
1

6
2
4

2
-r
2

1
1

1
1

1

-

-

-

2

5

and
under

and
110

120

130

140

150

5
5
-

30
4
26
-

22
17
5
-

71
52
19
-

116
89
27
"

141
94
47

_

_

_

_

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
3

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

1
1
-

8
4
4

19
3
16

22
11
11

26
17
9

20
8
12

8
8

-

10
4
6

5
4
1

29
18
11

43
34
9

52
47
5

57
48
9

51
34
17

33
26
7

19
8
11

15
12
3

6
2
4

4

3

3

4

3

3

20
20

17
13
4

41
33
8

65
51
14

69
44
25

55
46
9

40
19
21

14
8
6

5
3
2

18
17
1

3
3

1
~
1

2
2

2
2

2

5

14
7
7

11
5
6

26
18
8

13
5
8

13
6
7

15
11
4

16
8
8

10
4
6

19
8
11

6
5
1

1
1
“

9
8
1

2
2

-

7
5

_

-

3
1

5
5

5
5

9
9

-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

6
5

-

-

8
5

-

11
5
6

18
15
3

13
5
8

7
5
2

12
9
3

11
8
3

5
4
1

10
8
2

6
5
1

1
1

8
8

_

-

-

-

4

8

8

_

1

_

90

100

-

-

-

-

_

ALL WORKERS
SECRETARIES ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------

882
580
302
25

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

$
1 6 7 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0
2 2 5 .5 0

$
1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
2 2 5 .0 0

$
$
1 4 9 * 0 0 —1 8 2 * 0 0
1 4 8 .5 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
2 0 9 .0 0 -2 6 1 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------

47
39

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 1 2 .0 0
2 1 2 .0 0

2 1 5 .0 0
2 1 6 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0 -2 2 8 .0 0
1 9 8 .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0

SECRETARIESt CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------

136
70
66

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

1 8 3 .5 0 • 1 7 5 .0 0
1 8 3 .5 0 1 7 6 .0 0
1 8 3 .5 0 1 7 4 .5 0

1 6 5 .0 0 -1 9 6 .5 0
1 6 6 .5 0 -2 0 1 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0 -1 8 8 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS C -------MANUFACTURING -------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------

331
237
94

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0

1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0

1 4 9 .5 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 7 5 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

-

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS D -------MANUFACTURING -------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------

364
234
130

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 8 .0 0
1 5 7 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0

1 5 4 .5 0
1 5 4 .5 0
1 5 4 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 7 5 .0 0

-

-

5
-

-

-

5

STENOGRAPHERS — --------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUF ACTURIN6-----------

168
98
70

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 8 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0

1 6 4 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 9 4 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0 -1 9 5 .5 0

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

12
12
-

STENOGRAPHERS. 6ENERAL --- NONHANUFACTURING -----------

52
39

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 7 0 .0 0
1 8 1 .5 0

1 6 9 .5 0
1 8 4 .5 0

1 4 1 .5 0 -1 9 7 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0 -2 0 4 .0 0

_

_

_

5

-

~

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR ------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

116
85
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 7 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 6 2 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 9 4 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0 -2 0 3 .5 0
1 3 9 .5 0 -1 7 8 .0 0

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

7
5
2

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS NONMANUFACTURING -----------

30
27

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 1 8 .0 0 - 1 5 0 . 0 0
1 1 8 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

_

_

-

-

-

-

10
10

3
3

6
6

2
2

8
5

1
1

TYPISTS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

169
79
90

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 3 7 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 4 7 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 6 9 .5 0

-

3
3

17
9
8

32
19
13

44
29
15

22
13
9

4
2
2

6
5
1

2

-

18
2
16

2

4

8

8

-

1

TYPISTS. CLASS A ------------

35

3 8 .5

1 7 5 .0 0

1 8 4 .5 0

1 5 1 .5 0 -1 9 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

1

5

2

2

3

2

4

8

8

-

-

TYPISTS. CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------N0NMANUFACTURIN6 -----------

134
74
60

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 8 .5 0 - 1 3 4 . 5 0
1 2 3 .5 0 - 1 3 5 . 5 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

-

3
-

17
9
8

31
19
12

39
28
11

20
13
7

2
1
1

3
2
1

-

-

_

_

_

1

3

18
2
16

-

FILE CLERKS ------------------N0NMANUFACTURIN6 -----------

82
63

3 8 .5
3 7 .5

1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

-

5
5

18
16

25
17

17
12

8
4

1
1

1
1

1
1

2
2

FILE CLERKS. CLASS C -------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

62
54

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

-

18
16

23
17

12
12

3
3

-

-

5
5

1
1

MESSENGERS --------------------

37

3 9 .5

1 3 7 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

1

1

2

5

6

9

2

1

4

4

-

-

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.

3

-

6
6

1

5
-

5
1
1
"

3
3

~
-

i
i

~

-

-

-

i
-

-

-

-

J
i

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

j

-

*

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

~

"

-

-

*
4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1977— Continued
Weekly earnings
( standard)
Number

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of --$

t
80

workers

$

*

$

s

$

1

*

$

*

$

*

S

$

%

S

$

$

$

S

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range2

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

90

Occupation and industry division

100

110

120

130

l<fO

150

160

17 0

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

over

3

-

10

7
2
5

2
2
-

_

“

~

“

“

2

~

5
4
1

-

-

12
8
4

1
1

10

7
5
2

-

-

7
2
5

4
4

3

~

“

“

-

_

10

41
22
19

27
23
4

19
11
8

26
19
7

4
3
1

15
12
3

1

-

-

1

“

_

-

-

-

-

”

-

-

-

and
under

and

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
60
2B
32

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$
1 3 9 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

$
$
$
1 3 6 .0 0 1 1 5 . 5 0 - 1 6 5 . 5 0
1 5 6 .0 0 1 3 0 . 5 0 - 1 6 8 . 0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 1 0 5 . 5 0 - 1 3 7 . 5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSHANUFACTURING ----------------NONHANUFACTURING --------------

175
103
72

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 6 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

-

-

10

30
13
17

ORDER CLERKS --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

111
60

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

-

4
2

27
10

31
9

15
15

12
10

2

-

-

-

19
13

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B ----------

110

3 9 .5

1 2 4 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

-

4

27

31

15

12

2

-

19

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

-

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONHANUF ACTURIN6--------------

626
324
302

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 4 1 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 8 .0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

180
101
79

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 9 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 7 5 . 0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 - 1 7 5 . 0 0
1 3 7 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

446
223
223

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 4 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

4

PAYROLL CLERKS ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

126
97
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 1 .0 0
1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0

1-48.50
1 4 9 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0

1 4 2 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 4 2 . 0 0 - 1 6 5 . 5C
1 4 2 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

—
—

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

392
220
172

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

—

_
-

76
27
49

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 4 6 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

1 5 0 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

1 3 4 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

—

316
193
123

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 7 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0

1 3 7 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING---------------- NONMANUF ACTURING-------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING ----------------N0NMANUFACTURIN6 --------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

4

13

4

13

-

~
-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

. ~

“

“

1

1

1
1

-

-

-

“

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1
2

4
3
1

2
2

4
3
1

1
“
1

*

“

-

“

1

-

-

-

~

51
19
32

27
5
22

-

2

108
44
64

112
58
54

107
59
48

70
48
22

51
36
15

39
29
10

17
12
5

13
7
6

11
1
10

29
5
24

34
17
17

29
25
4

20
13
7

20
19
1

12
10
2

8
2
6

3
1
2

4
3
1

2
2

4
3
1

~

-

-

3
2
1

13
13

27
5
22

48
17
31

97
43
54

83
53
30

73
42
31

41
23
18

31
23
8

19
10
9

5
2
3

5
5

-

“

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

4
4

6
6
“

6
3
3

11
8
3

39
28
11

9
8
1

31
22
9

12
12
“

3
1
2

-

4
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

~

-

"

33
15
18

75
56
19

90
48
42

103
31
72

44
37
7

22
14
8

8
6
2

1
1

6
6

-

~

-

~

-

-

4

“

~

-

6
6
-

-

-

7

7
-

11
4
7

17
11
6

12
4
8

8
6
2

92
27
65

27
26
1

10
10

-

~

-

4

-

-

~

“

—

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

7

13
1
12

' -

6
6

26
15
11

68
56
12

77
47
30

at end o f t a b le s .

4

-

-

1

~
4

*

1
1

_
-

6
6

-

-

-

~

~

~

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1977
Weekly earnlng^^™
(standard)

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

N um ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earn in gs o f—
*

*
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

S

S

S

$

$

*

S

S

%

*

*

S

S

$

S

*

t

S

S

110

120

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

28 0

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

460

480

120

140

160

180

200

22 0

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

4 20

440

460

480

500

2

100

6

18

-

-

21
8

8

-

20
6

22

-

1
1

6

-

7

13

1

12
6

13
7

14

9
13

3

9

6

18

and
under

110
ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) -----------------------MANUFACTURING----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

140
55
85

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
3 2 7 .5 0
3 2 9 .5 0
3 2 6 .0 0

3 0 9 .5 0
3 3 1 .0 0
3 0 0 .5 0

$
$
2 8 5 .0 0 - 3 7 4 . 5 0
2 * 9 .5 0 -3 5 3 .0 0
2 7 7 .5 0 - 3 7 9 . 5 0

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS)• CLASS A ------------

73

3 9 .5

3 7 6 .0 0

3 5 5 .0 0

3 3 6 .0 0 -4 2 5 .0 0

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS)• CLASS B ------------

-

-

6

2

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

-

2

1
1

3
.3

6

~

12

1

3

6

7

1
6
7

-

6
~

~

6

6

-

6

6
-

53

3 9 .5

2 8 7 .5 0

2 8 7 .5 0

2 7 0 .0 0 -3 0 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

16

15

13

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) --MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

103
62
41

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

2 6 0 .5 0
2 7 6 .0 0
2 3 8 .0 0

2 5 9 .0 0
2 7 8 .5 0
2 3 0 .0 0

2 3 0 .5 0 - 2 8 5 . 5 0
2 4 6 .5 0 -2 8 9 .5 0
2 0 4 .0 0 -2 7 0 .5 0

-

-

-

6

14

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

-

-

2

~

-

10

6
1

-

6

3
3
“

7
5

10

15
15
“

-

8
6

19
9

7

-

2
2

10

-*•

_
-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)•
CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

40
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 8 3 .5 0
2 8 7 .5 0

2 7 6 .0 0
2 7 8 .5 0

2 5 0 .0 0 - 3 3 2 . 5 0
2 5 0 .0 0 -3 3 5 .0 0

4
4

12
6

9

6

~

6
6

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)»
CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

41
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 6 2 .0 0
2 6 7 .5 0

2 7 0 .5 0
2 7 6 .5 0

2 3 6 .0 0 -2 8 0 .0 0
2 4 9 .0 0 -2 8 8 .0 0

7
7

10

185
109
76

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 7 8 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING----------- :
------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

89
56
33

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 8 5 .5 0
1 9 4 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS! CLASS C ----MANUFACTURING -----------------N0NHANUFACTURIN6 ---------------

74
41
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

DRAFTERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

511
195
316

DRAFTERS. CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

~

-

6
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

~

1 5 0 .0 0 - 1 8 4 . 0 0
1 5 0 .5 0 - 1 9 4 . 0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 7 4 .5 0

-

1
1

15

-

-

58
31
27

51
27
24

27
16

7

11

2

1 7 2 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 9 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0 - 2 1 9 . 5 0
1 5 ? .5 0 - 1 6 8 . 0 0

-

-

17
5

31
15
16

13

9

5

12
1

8
1

2

1 5 2 .5 0
1 5 4 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 6 0 . 0 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

2 2 0 .0 0
2 0 7 .0 0
2 2 8 .5 0

2 1 4 .0 0
2 0 4 .0 0
2 2 0 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 - 2 5 3 . 0 0
1 8 0 .0 0 -2 2 8 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0 -2 7 0 .0 0

100
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 7 9 .5 0
2 3 7 .0 0

2 8 9 .0 0
2 2 9 .5 0

2 2 5 .0 0 -3 0 8 .0 0
2 0 4 .0 0 - 2 8 2 . 0 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

191
97

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 0 .5 0
2 0 9 .5 0

2 2 8 .5 0
2 0 7 .0 0

2 0 5 .0 0 -2 5 9 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0 -2 2 6 .5 0

-

DRAFTERS. CLASS C --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

177
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 1 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 1 5 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0 -1 8 1 .5 0

-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------

250
98

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 7 .5 0
2 5 9 .0 0

2 6 6 .0 0
2 4 1 .0 0

2 3 0 .5 0 -2 7 9 .5 0
2 2 7 .0 0 - 2 8 7 . 0 0

-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS A—
MANUFACTURING ------------------

100
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 7 2 .0 0
2 7 3 .5 0

2 6 8 .5 0
2 5 5 .5 0

2 4 3 .5 0 -2 9 3 .0 0
2 2 7 .0 0 -3 1 1 .0 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS BMANUFACTURING -------------------

129
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 5 .5 0
2 4 9 .5 0

2 6 5 .0 0
2 3 3 .5 0

2 2 9 .5 0 -2 7 9 .5 0
2 2 5 .0 0 -2 7 8 .5 0

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES -----MANUFACTURING -------------------

43
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 7 .0 0
1 9 7 .0 0

1 9 3 .0 0
1 9 3 .0 0

1 8 4 .5 0 - 2 1 7 . 5 0
1 8 4 .5 0 - 2 1 7 . 5 0

-

2
2

1
1

4

9
9

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

~

~

~

~

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

3
3

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6

“

COMPUTER OPERATORS ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------N0NMANUFACTURIN6 ---------------

-

8

1
1

4

6

-

3

15
13

6
2
4

3

11
10
1

1
1
-

-

_

“

_

10
10

1

1
1

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

12

_

1
1

12

41
26
15

12

5

4

2

2

-

11

85
38
47

2

_

4

_

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

32

24

22
2
20

3

31
37

46
16
30

12

4
7

71
43
28

38

-

67
34
33

68

-

42
9
33

12

3

2

-

4

-

2

-

-

5
5

5
5

9
9

12
12

5
5

4

24

3

2

4

_

2

_

_

12

11

_

2

14

14
13

25
23

39
27

32
19

34

9

11

29
4

37
16

36
15

36

24

7

5

3

18

12

74
13

-

5
7

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

_

-

_

_

2

-

8

-

4

19
9

8

3

3

6

36

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

42
7

6
6

8
8

2
2

-

3
3

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

6
6

2
2

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

2

-

-

2

4

6

-

-

-

-

4

25
9

60
34

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

39
5

15

-

23
17

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

4
4

27

-

37
17

35

-

1
1

-

_

4
4

1
1

4
4

See footnotes at end of tables.

ll

5

16
16

2

-

21
9

8
8

7
7

1
1

8
2
2

1
6

-

~

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1977
Average
(mean2)

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
MESSENGERS -------------

3 9 .5

$
1 4 0 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----

3 9 .5

1 7 4 .0 0

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average
(mean2)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivis ion

881
579
302
25

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 6 7 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0
2 2 5 .5 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING -----------

97

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 1 2 .0 0
2 1 2 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

136
70

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

SECRETARIES. CLASS C ----MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------SECRETARIES. CLASS 0 ----MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

60
28
32

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$
1 3 9 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

175
103
72

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 6 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

3 9 .5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS --MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING ------

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING -

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 4 0 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

1 8 3 .5 0
1 8 3 .5 0
1 8 3 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.
MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING -

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 7 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

331
237
94

3 9 . 5 1 6 5 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 6 2 .5 0
3 8 . 0 1 7 3 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.
MANUFACTURING
NONHANUFACTURING -

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

363
233
130

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 8 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0

PAYROLL CLERKS ---MANUFACTURING NONMANUFACTURING

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 1 .0 0
1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS --------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 8 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS MANUFACTURING -NONMANUFACTURING

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL --N0NMANUFACTURIN6 --------

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 7 0 .0 0
1 8 1 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS.
MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING -

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 4 6 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS.
MANUFACTURING --NONHANUFACTURING -

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 4 .5 0

116
85
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 7 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS
NONMANUFACTURING --------

30
27

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

169
79
90

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 3 7 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0

3 8 .5

1 7 5 .0 0

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

TYPISTS --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

TYPISTS. CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUF A C T U R I N 6 --------

134
74
60

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0

FILE CLERKS ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

79
60

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

FILE CLERKS. CLASS C ----NONMANUFACTURING --------

62
54

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0

29

4 0 .0

2 8 8 .5 0

C

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)i
CLASS A ----------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
CLASS B -----------------------MANUFACTURING NONHANUFACTURING
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ------------COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C

35

4 0 .0

2 6 6 .5 0

117
71
46

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 8 2 .0 0
1 8 7 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0

64
43

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 9 3 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0

34

4 0 .0

1 5 6 .5 0

MANUFACTURING NONHANUFACTURING

475
181
294

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 3 .5 0
2 0 9 .5 0
2 3 2 .5 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -

98
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 7 9 .0 0
2 3 5 .0 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -

185
93

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 1 .0 0
2 0 9 .5 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -

156
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 5 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0

248
98

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 7 .5 0
2 5 9 .0 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS.
MANUFACTURING ---------

100
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 7 2 .0 0
2 7 3 .5 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS BMANUFACTURING ------------------

127
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 5 .0 0
2 4 9 .5 0

MANUFACTURING

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN

(BUSINESS)
TYPISTS. CLASS A ---------

Weekly
earnings^
(standard)

1 2 4 .0 0

ORDER CLERKS -----------

1 2 4 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR ---MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED

3 9 .5

39

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

MANUFACTURING NONHANUFACTURING

SECRETARIES ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Average
(mean*)

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS). CLASS A ----

>

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS). CLASS B ----

3 3 8 .5 0
3 3 8 .5 0

3 9 .5

3 8 2 .0 0

4 0 .0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)
MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

See footnotes at end of tables.

6

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

26

3 9 .0

2 7 8 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 6 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B

25

3 9 .5

1 6 6 .0 0

40

4 0 .0

1 4 9 .0 0

36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

68
38
30

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) -------------MANUFACTURING ---------

4 0 .0

1 7 4 .5 0

43
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 7 .0 0
1 9 7 .0 0

MANUFACTURING -NONMANUF ACTURIN6

2 9 1 .5 0
2 6 4 .0 0
2 8 0 .0 0
2 3 8 .5 0

MANUFACTURING -

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1977
Hourly earnings *

of
workers

$
3 .6 0

S
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

*
4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

t
4 .6 0

3 .6 0

Occupation and industry division

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5
4

13
5

12
12

9
6

30
28

3 .4 0
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

$
5 .0 0

$
5 .2 0

*
5 .4 0

S
5 .6 0

S
5 .8 0

*
6 • 00

S
6 .2 0

S
6 .4 0

$
6 .6 0

*
6 .8 0

*
$
7 . 00 7 .2 0

S
7 .6 0

$
8 .0 0

S
8 .4 0

o
o

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

s

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 ,6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 . 20 7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

7
7

11
10

-

7
7

1
1
1
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

$
4 .8 0

and
u n d er

ALL WORKERS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

100
83

$
4 .6 0
4 .6 7

$
4 .7 1
4 .7 1

$
$
4 .2 6 - 4 .8 0
4 . 3 7 - 4 .8 8

-

4
3

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

315
310

5 .3 4
5 .3 4

5 .2 1
5 .2 3

4 .9 8 4 .9 9 -

5 .7 0
5 .7 0

-

-

-

3
2

15
14

12
11

52
51

63
63

68
68

4
4

27
27

9
9

53
53

4
4

3
3

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

340
340

5 .2 9
5 .2 9

5 . 10
5 .1 0

4 .9 7 4 .9 7 -

5 .7 2
5 .7 2

-

-

_

_

58
58

21
21

22
22

41
41

8
8

59
59

2
2

2
2

4
4

_

_

-

-

61
61

_

-

32
32

-

-

15
15

-

-

15
15

-

-

-

-

~

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY)
MANUFACTURING --------------------------

668
666

5 .2 1
5 .2 1

5 .2 0
5 .1 7

5 .0 0 5 .0 0 -

5 .6 7
5 .6 7

4

-

-

14
14

53
53

60
60

170
170

132
132

30
28

138
138

17
17

2
2

6
6

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

14
14

-

4

19
19

~

~

~

“

~

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------N0NMANUFACTURIN6 --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

215
75
140
65

5 .7 2
5 .1 9
6 .0 0
6 .2 7

5 .8 0
5 .1 0
6 . 10
6 .1 0

5 .1 2 4 .6 4 5 .3 5 5 .8 0 -

6 .3 9
6 .3 9
6 .2 1
7 .2 8

4
4

5
4
1

5
5

3
3
-

10
9
1

9
9
-

18
9
9
8

29
8
21
-

15
2
13
8

4

-

4
4

-

1
3
-

14
14
8

38
~
38
21

22
22
“

7
7
1

3
3

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

142
142

5 .4 9
5 .4 9

5 .3 1
5 .3 1

5 .2 0 5 .2 0 -

6 .0 0
6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

41
41

9
9

18
18

-

24
24

11
11

3
3

-

-

8
8

-

~

24
24

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

47
35

5 .1 0
5 .0 3

5 .0 0
5 .1 0

4 .6 3 4 .5 5 -

5 .5 0
5 .5 0

_

-

1
1

-

5
4

2
2

13
7

3

-

5
5

4

2

-

-

-

3

4

_

3

8

3

6

See footnotes at end o f tables.

7

1

_
~

3
3

“
-

-

14
14
11

6
~
6
6

-

-

4
4

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

-

-

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Greenville—
Spartanburg, S.C., June 1977
N u m ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs o f—

Hourly earnings 4

Occupation and industry division

L
of
workers

*
*
$
$
S
$
*
t
2 .2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2. 80 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0

N

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

$
*
s
*
S
$
3.8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4.60) 4 .8 0

t
$
5 .2 0 5 .6 0

S

6 .0 0

s
$
6 .4 0 6 .8 0

1 -----S
%
i
7 .2 0 7 .6 0 8 .0 0 8 .4 0

and
under
2.4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0

3, 00 3 .2 0 3 .4 0

3 .6 0 3 .8 0

4 ,0 0 4 .2 0

4 ,4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .2 0 5 .6 0 6 .0 0

6 .4 0 6 ,§ 0

7 ,2 0

7 .6 0 8 .0 0 8 .4 0 8 .8 0

ALL WORKERS
TRUCKDRIVERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONHANUFACTURING ~ r --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1.461
444
1.017
492

$
5 .2 4
4 .5 7
5 .5 4
6 .6 1

$
5 .5 2
4.0 6
5 .5 2
6 .0 0

$
3 .7 5 3 .9 6 3 .6 0 5 .5 2 -

$
6 .6 2
4 .8 7
6 .8 5
7 .6 9

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

110
31
79

3 .1 4
3 .3 3
3 .0 7

3.2 5
3.4 8
3 .2 5

2 .9 0 - 3 .2 5
3 .1 5 - 3 .5 0
2 .8 5 - 3 .2 5

_

10

-

10

5
5

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING —----------------

217
53
164

4 .9 8
3 .6 2
5 .4 1

4 .4 0
3.5 1
5 .3 0

3 .4 0 - 5 .7 5
3 .4 0 - 3 .7 4
3 .6 4 - 6 .5 9

~

7
~
7

12
2
10

10

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

772
231
541
331

5 .9 8
5 .2 4
6 .2 9
6 .6 0

6 . 10
4.8 7
6 .1 0
6 .0 0

5 .5 2 4 .0 6 5 .5 2 5 .5 2 -

_
~

_

3
3

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) -----------

362

4 .4 8

4.0 6

3 .6 0 - 6 .0 0

-

-

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

52
43

4 .1 7
4 .1 7

4 .3 0
4 .3 0

3 .5 0 - 4 .8 0
3 .6 9 - 4 .7 5

-

-

-

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

150
BO
70

3 .9 6
4 .1 5
3 .7 4

4 .0 0
4.2 7
3 .5 0

3 .2 4 - 4 .5 0
3 .9 0 - 4 .5 0
3 .1 0 - 4 .2 5

-

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

244
215
29

4 .0 4
3 .9 9
4 .4 4

4 .0 4
4 .0 4
4 .1 0

3 .7 6 - 4 .2 5
3 .7 6 - 4 .2 5
3 .4 0 - 5 .8 0

-

-

-

ORDER FILLERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------

404
112
292

3 .6 4
3 .8 5
3 .5 6

3 .6 3
3.8 8
3 .6 3

2 .8 0 - 4 .2 5
3 .2 0 - 4 .4 2
2 .8 0 - 4 .2 5

12
12

36
16
20

SHIPPING PACKERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

215
202

3 .5 1
3 .5 6

3 .5 4
3.5 4

3 .0 7 - 3 .8 1
3 .2 7 - 3 .8 1

-

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

551
312
239

3 .7 6
3 .3 3
4 .3 3

3 .4 0
3 .3 3
4 .2 5

3 .1 9 - 4 .1 6
3 .1 9 - 3 .5 0
3 .3 0 - 5 .5 0

FORKLIFT OPERATORS -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

866
714
152

3 .8 2
3 .8 3
3 .7 7

3 .6 5
3 .7 0
3.4 5

3 .4 5 - 4 .1 7
3 .5 0 - 4 .1 6
3 .4 4 - 4 .2 5

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
THAN FORKLIFT) ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

56
56

3 .5 6
3 .5 6

3.5 1
3.5 1

3 .5 0 - 3 .5 6
3 .5 0 - 3 .5 6

6 .8 5
6 .6 2
7 .6 9
7 .6 9

-

17

50
15
35

100
5
95

76
47
29

88
23
65

23
22
1

179
167
12

10
10
-

6
6

21
21
-

38
38

212
212
152

15
15
-

16
10
6

41
3
38

19
18
1

4

1

_

_

_

_

-

_

4

1

8
5
3

12
2
10

25
24
1

10
9
1

6
6
~

15
3
12

_
~

6
6

_
“

-

48
48

15

_
-

_

_

32
5
27

30
10
20

1
1
~

60
60
-

10
10
-

_
-

15
15
-

38
38

164
~
164
152

-

-

26

47

-

44

15

104

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
~

5
5

3
3

-

7
7

6
6

4
4

3
3

11
11

4
-

_

-

2
2
10
5
5

6

-

2
2

18
4
14

6
4
2

16
3
13

1
1
-

13
10
3

17
12
5

11
5
6

29
27
2

4
4
-

6
1
5

6
1
5

_

_

-

-

2
2

10
6
4

21
17
4

62
60
2

26
24
2

50
46
4

26
26
-

30
30
-

_
-

7
6
1

2

48
8
40

21
21

12
4
8

32
6
26

16
2
14

51
11
40

24
22
2

32
5
27

45
7
38

13
13
-

-

44
44

~

9
7

18
14

19
12

13
13

15
15

54
54

29
29

39
39

2
2

1
1

3
3

4
4

7
7

2
2

5
5
-

20
14
6

8
2
6

13
8
5

116
89
27

106
88
18

60
41
19

29
25
4

29
27
2

29
9
20

23
4
19

19

6

74

8

19

6
6

-

3
3
“

18
18

8
8

58
52
6

28
18
10

258
189
69

121
103
18

65
65
~

107
104
3

28
10
18

71
52
19

10
10

36
36

_

_

_

17

_

_

20
2
18

_

24
24

14
14
10

6

_

-

_

See footnotes at end of tables.

8

_

10
10

-

54
54

_

205
205
150

94
94
-

93
93
-

-

-

-

124
124
124

-

66
66
66

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

15

2
2
“

_
~

_
-

-

~

41
41

85
85
30

92
92
“

93
93

_
*

124
124
124

_
-

25
25
25

120

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_
~

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

~

“

~

~

5
3
2

“

3

5

-

-

2

3

5

18
18

-

-

-

*

~
-

-

“

6

74
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

*
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

8

46
38
8

-

1
_

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Greenville—
Spartanburg, S.C., June 1977— Continued
H u l erig *
o r y anns
Occupation and industry d ivis ion

Num ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings o f—
1 --s
s
s
$
4
*
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
S
*
S
*
$
$
$
*
S
2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.20 5.60 6.00 6.40 6.80 7.20 7.60 8.00 8.40

Number
o
f
Mean 2 Median2

Middle r n e 2
ag

and
under

2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.20 5.60 6.00 6.40 6.80 7.20 7.60 8.00 8.40 8.80

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$

$

996
245

1.69
3.39

1.50
3.41

2.33- 3.00
3«14

437

254
27

119

3.56

3.47

3.26- 4.03

-

10

2.97

3.00

2.50- 3.-26

86

322

19

52

4

-

-

157

63

253
155

60

25

26
26

11

30
3)
t

23

38

3

9

6

26

17

5

207
197

64

52

65
65

11

guards:

MANUFACTURING -----------------w a tc h m e n :

126

JANITORS* PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -

1*303

3.20

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

9

4

10

3

2

1

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1977
Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and indu stry d ivis ion

MAINTENANCES TOOLROOHt AND
PONERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - HEN

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

Average
Number (mean2)
of
hourly
workers earnings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED
$

4.60
4.67

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS --------MANUFACTURING -----------------

315
310

5.34
5.34

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------

340
340

5.29
5.29

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING -----------------

668
666

5.21
5.21

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

215
75
140
65

5.72
5.19

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

142
142

5.49
5.49

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

47
35

5.10
5.03

6 .00

6.27

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN

$
3.96
4.15
3.74

UAREHOUSEMEN --------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

242
215
27

4.05
3.99
4.52

ORDER FILLERS -------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

201
59
142

4.14
4.19
4.12

SHIPPING PACKERS ----------MANUFACTURING -----------

151
138

3.66
3.75

MATERIAL HANDLIN6 LABORERS —
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

542
305
237

3.76
3.32
4.33

FORKLIFT OPERATORS --------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

846
698
148

3.82
3.83
3.78

56
56

3.56
3.56

946
238

2.69
3.36

112

3.51

126

3.23

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING -----------------

971
497

3.03
3.27

ORDER FILLERS -----MANUFACTURING ---

203
53

3.15
3.47

SHIPPING PACKERS --MANUFACTURING ---

83

148
78
70

MANUFACTURING -----------------

100

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

POUER-TRUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
THAN FORKLIFT) -----------MANUFACTURING ----------

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS - — -------«
MANUFACTURING -----------------

64
64

3.15
3.15

332
185
147

2.79
3.07
2.45

6UARDS AND UATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING --

TRUCKDRIVERS --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

11457
444
1» 013
492

5.25
4.57
5.55
6.61

TRUCKDRIVERS# LIGHT TRUCK -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

106
31
75

3.15
3.33
3,07

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURIN6 --------

217
53
164

4.98
3.62
5.41

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) --------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONHANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------

772
231
541
331

5.98
5.24
6.29
6.60

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) ----

362
36
27

4.33
4.39

MANUFACTURING ----------------watchmen:

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

4.48

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------MANUFACTURING -----------

guaros:

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

See footnotes at end of tables.

10

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for
employment shifts, for selected occupational groups in Greenville—
Spartanburg, S.C., for selected periods
Industry and occupational group 5

June 1975
to
June 1976

June 1976
to
June 1977

A l l in du stries:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________________________
E le c tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g
_
In du strial nurses _
S killed m aintenance tra d es _....
U nskilled plant w o r k e r s __________________________ __

7.9
7.6
9.3
10.3
8.6

7.7
5.8
7.8
8.0
7.8

M anufacturing:
O ffic e c le r ic a l
E le c tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g
In du strial n u r s e s ____________________________
S k illed m aintenance tra d es
U nskilled plant w o rk e rs

8.8
7.4
9.3
10.4
9.4

8.5
8.2
7.8
8.0
8.0

6.7
<‘ )
( 6)
6.6

6.7
C)
(6)
7.4

Nonm anufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ________________________________________
E le c tro n ic data p r o c e s s in g __________________________
In du strial n u r s e s _____________________________________
U nskilled plant w o r k e r s _____________________________

Footnotes
1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em p loy ees r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e at re g u la r and/or prem iu m r a t e s ), and the earn in gs co rresp o n d
to these w e e k ly hours.
2 Th e m ean is com puted fo r each job by totalin g the earnings o f a ll w o rk e rs and d ivid in g by
the num ber o f w o r k e r s .
Th e m edian design ates position — h alf o f the w o rk ers r e c e iv e the sam e o r
m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e the sam e o r le s s than the rate shown.
Th e m iddle ran ge is defined by two
ra tes o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o rk e rs earn the sam e o r le s s than the lo w e r o f these ra tes and a
fourth ea rn the sam e o r m o re than the h igh er rate.

3 E arn in gs data re la te only to w o rk e rs w hose sex id en tifica tion was p r o v i d e d by the
establishm ent.
4 E xclu des p rem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olidays, and la te shifts.
5 E stim ates fo r p eriod s ending p r io r to 1976 re la te to m en only fo r skilled m aintenance and
u nskilled plant w o r k e r s .
A ll other estim ates re la te to men and wom en.
6 Data do not m eet publication c r it e r ia or data not a va ila b le.

1
1

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
D ata on a r e a w a g e s and r e la te d b e n e fits a r e o b ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u rea u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
In e a c h o f the
in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s , is
c o lle c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and t e l e ­
phone in t e r v ie w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In ea c h o f the 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , data a r e ob ta in ed f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c ­
tu r in g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th es e stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and
the c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied . S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r ea c h
o f the b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e le c te d , w ith ea c h
e s ta b lis h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d ch an ce o f s e le c t io n . T o o b ta in o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d .
W h en data a r e c o m b in e d , ea c h e s ta b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ilit y o f s e le c tio n , so that u n b ia sed e s tim a te s
a r e g e n e r a te d . F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d ,
it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lus th r e e o th e r s . A n a lte r n a te
o f the s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ilit y is ch o sen in the s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i ­
fic a t io n i f data a r e n o t a v a ila b le f r o m the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
s u ita b le su b stitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r th at is s i m i l a r to the m is s in g u n it.
O c c u p a tio n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1 )
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e , to o lr o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4 ) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take
a c c ount o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e jo b .
O ccu p ation s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in a p p e n d ix B.
1 Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
Ohio; Birmingham, A l a . ; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C . ; and
Syracuse, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.

U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b
t it le s
are
f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d . E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in the
scope
o f the s u r v e y , a r e n o t p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e ca u s e
e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r i t p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata.
S e p a r a te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e n o t
p r e s e n te d w h en the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n ot id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an o c c u p a tio n .
E a r n in g s data
n o t shown s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in data f o r a l l
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r o c c u p a tio n s w ith m o r e than one le v e l ,
data a r e in c lu d e d in the o v e r a l l c la s s ific a t io n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is
n o t shown o r in fo r m a tio n to s u b c la s s ify is n o t a v a ila b le .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u ll - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sc h e d u le .
E a r n in g s
data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k en d s, h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e b on u ses a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u rs f o r o f f ic e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s r e f e r to the stan d a rd
w o rk w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e
rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r . V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in the d is trib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b le s in d ic a te a ch an ge in the s iz e o f the c la s s in t e r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
a t a p a r t ic u la r t im e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y n o t r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a ffe c t e d b y c h a n ges in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y ch an ge, o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y n ew
w o r k e r s a t lo w e r r a t e s . Such s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s
d u rin g fh e y e a r . C h an ges in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s ch an ges f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g ro u p s .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s tr ie s
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te
d if fe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r e a c h jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w a g e d if fe r e n t ia l a m o n g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

A v e r a g e p a y le v e ls f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s should
n o t be a s s u m ed to r e f le c t d if fe r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s (o n ly the r a te s p aid in cu m b en ts a r e
c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s if y e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u sed in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a llo w f o r m in o r d if fe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific d u ties
pe r fo r m e d .

E le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e

C o m p u te r s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B, and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C

C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in te r s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e f it t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu dy and n o t th e n u m b er a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if fe r , e s tim a te s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
These
d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do n ot a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s d ata.

In d u s tr ia l n u rs e s

U n s k ille d p lan t

R e g is t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g la b o r e r s

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on chan ges
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m en and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r tin g the
tr e n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e a d ju sted to r e m o v e the e f fe c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m en t sh ifts am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in c lu d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c t e d by
fa c t o r s o th e r than w a g e in c r e a s e s . H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d er p la n s
p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at the b o tto m o f the ra n g e,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ith ou t a chan ge in w a g e r a te s .
T h e p e r c e n t c h an ges r e la te to w a g e c h an ges b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d
d a te s . W hen the tim e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a r e shown,
( i t is a s s u m e d that w a g e s in c r e a s e at a con stan t ra te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

P e r c e n t c h a n ges f o r i
as f o llo w s :

areas

in the p r o g r a m

a r e com p u ted

1. A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c om p u ted f o r e a c h occ u p a tio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th o s e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; i t is a s s u m ed th at e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a in s u n ch an ged.
2.

E a c h o c c u p a tio n is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p in the
base y ea r.

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d to com p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c o m p u te d in step 1)
is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p ro d u c ts a r e to ta le d to
ob ta in a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a tio o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a rs is
com p u ted b y d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt— e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100 is the p e r c e n t ch an ge.

O c c u p a tio n s u sed to com p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l

O f f ic e c l e r i c a l — C ontinu ed

S e c r e t a r ie s
S t e n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s
A and B
F i l e c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B, and C
M essen g ers
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r s

O r d e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A c c o u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
Bo okke ep in g -m a chin e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o l l c le r k s
K eyp u n ch o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od u sed to co m p u te th e s e
w a g e tr e n d s , s e e " Im p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y In d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v ie w , J a n u a ry 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n te d in th is b u lle tin . I n f o r ­
m a tio n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o lle c t e d at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
T h e s e ta b u ­
la tio n s on m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d if fe r e n t ia ls ; sch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ;
and h e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s )
in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C.,1June 1977
In du stry d iv is io n 2

ALL D IV ISIO N S ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION. COHNUNICATION. AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5 --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE 6 ----------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE6 ----------------------------------------------------FINANCE. INSURANCE. AND REAL ESTATE6 -----------SERVICES6 7------------------------------------------------------------

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e sta b lish m ents in scope
o f study

_

N um ber of establish m ents

W o rk ers in establish m ents
W ithin scope o f study 4

W ithin scope
o f study 3

Studied

Studied
Num ber

Percen t

*98

177

130.177

100

7 3 .9 4 2

50

293
205

103
74

9 7 .486
32.691

75
25

5 4 .5 7 4
19.368

50
50
50
50
50

33
36
73
21
42

14
9
23
11
17

5 .6 3 6
3 .1 1 9
15.778
3 .2 4 2
4 .9 1 6

4
2
12
2
4

4 .1 5 2
903
9 .3 6 2
2 .1 4 1
2 .8 1 0

1 Th e G re en v ille-S p a rta n b u rg Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e ­
fin ed by the O ffic e of M anagem ent and Budget through F e b ru a ry 1974, con sists of
G r e e n v ille , P ic k e n s , and Spartanburg Counties.
Th e " w o r k e r s w ithin scope of
study" estim a tes shown in this table p ro v id e a reason a b ly a ccu ra te d es c rip tio n o f
the s iz e and co m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su rvey.
E stim ates a re
not intended, h o w e v e r, fo r co m p a rison w ith oth er em ploym en t indexes to m easu re
em ploym en t tren ds o r le v e ls sin ce (1 ) planning of w a ge su rveys re q u ire s esta b lish ­
m ent data co m p iled co n s id era b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p e rio d studied, and (2)
sm a ll esta blish m en ts a re exclu ded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
2 T h e 1972 ed itio n o f the Standard In du stria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual was used
in c la s s ify in g establish m en ts by in du stry d ivis ion . H o w e v e r, a ll go vern m en t o p e r ­
ation s a re exclu ded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
3 Includes a ll establish m ents w ith to ta l em ploym en t at o r above the m inim u m
lim ita tio n . A l l outlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f com panies in in du stries such as tra d e,
fin an ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tion p ictu re th eaters a re co n s id ere d as 1
establish m ent.

4 Includes a ll w o rk e rs in a ll establish m ents w ith tota l em ploym en t (w ithin
the a re a ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tion .
5 A b b re v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilitie s " in the A - s e r ie s ta b les.
T a x ica b s and
s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n a re excluded.
6 Th is d iv is io n is re p res en ted in estim ates fo r " a l l in d u stries" and "n o n ­
m anufacturing" in the A - s e r i e s ta b les. Separate p resen tatio n o f data is not m ade
fo r one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g re a s on s: (1 ) E m ploym en t is too sm a ll to p ro vid e
enough data to m e r it sep ara te study, (2 ) the sam ple was not d esign ed in itia lly to
p e r m it sep ara te p resen tatio n , (3 ) resp o n se was in su fficien t o r inadequate to p e r m it
sep ara te p resen tatio n , and (4 ) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in dividu al esta b ­
lish m en t data.
7 H otels and m o te ls ; lau ndries and oth er p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ;
au tom obile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and parking; m otion p ictu re s; n on profit m em b ersh ip
o rga n izatio n s (ex clu din g re lig io u s and ch a rita b le o rg a n iza tio n s ); and en gin eerin g
and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .

14

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r th e B u ­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s t a ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p r o ­
p r ia t e o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t i t l e s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h ­
m en t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s th e g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b co n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a ­
s is on in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m th o s e
in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e
in s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .
H a n d ic a p p e d
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e re d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e ir ha n d icap a r e a ls o
e x c lu d e d .
T r a in e e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s u r v e y e x c e p t f o r th o s e r e ­
c e iv in g o n - t h e - jo b t r a in in g in s o m e o f th e lo w e r l e v e l p r o f e s s io n a l and
t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinu ed

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l.
M a in ­
ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e
s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s ,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :

E x c lu s io n s

an sw ers
p e rs o n s ;

a. R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and
ro u tin e in q u ir ie s , and ro u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s

in c o m in g m a il,
to th e p r o p e r

N o t a ll p o s itio n s th at a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r ­
a c t e r is t ic s .
E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e
as f o llo w s ;
a. P o s itio n s
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;
b.

b.
c.
in s tr u c te d ;
d.

E s t a b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v is o r 's f i l e s ;

do not

m eet

th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y

c on cep t

S te n o g ra p h e rs not f u lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l- t y p e d u tie s ;

c . S te n o g ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f f i c e
t e c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

a s s is ta n ts to a g ro u p o f p r o f e s ­

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts as

s io n a l,

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich th e d u tie s a r e e ith e r s u b s ta n tia lly
m o r e ro u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r iz e d in th e d e fin itio n ;

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o rd in a te s ;

e. R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic
accu racy;
f.

w h ic h

P e rfo r m s

s te n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le
n a tu re and d if fic u lt y .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e ro u tin e
and u n d e rs ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .

e . A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
d u tie s w h ic h a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
NO TE:
T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e fin itio n s
f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to th o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te w id e
p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r co m p a n y a c t iv it ie s .
T h e t it le " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " th ough n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not in a ll c a s e s

SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions— Continued
id e n tify such p o s itio n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
act p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny
in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l tr u s t ac c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A
1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t) o f a co m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

B

STEN O G RAPH ER
P r i m a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u sin g s h o rth an d , and to t r a n s c r ib e
th e d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s te n o ­
g ra p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y
duty is tr a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e T y p is t ).
N O TE:
T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r ib e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .
S t e n o g ra p h e r,

keep

G en eral

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
S te n o g ra p h e r,

S e n io r

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such
as in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y
th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a irm a n o f th e
b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r *
1
3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t io n w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e tc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a co m p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e tc . (o r
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f ic ia l) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5.
S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t
o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hu nd red p e r s o n s ) o r a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

C

1.
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s ib i l i t y is not e q u iv a le n t to on e o f th e s p e c ific l e v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin itio n
f o r c la s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d into o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e
o fte n , in tu r n , fu r th e r s u b d ivid e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r tw o ; o £
2.
S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e tc . (or o th e r
e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s
(e .g .,

D

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a non s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )

OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e
fo llo w in g :
W o r k r e q u ir e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic s p ee d and a c c u r a c y ;
a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f th e s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m in g s te n o g r a p h ic d u ties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a ll; and a n s w e r in g
ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

T Y P IS T

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e
v o c a b u la r y f r o m tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s tr a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g
a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as l e g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts
on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d ic ta tio n in
sh orth an d o r by S ten o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d as a s te n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e
out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la tio n s h a ve b e en m a d e b y a n o th er p e r s o n .
M a y in clu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r ia ls f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such as
k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is trib u tin g
in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l f o r m w h en it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , p u n ctu ation , e tc ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l; o r plan n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and b a la n c e in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

TY PIST— Continued

ORDER CLERK

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g ;
C o p y ty p in g fr o m
rou g h o f c le a r d r a ft s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u ra n c e p o lic ie s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y set up* and s p a c ed p r o p e r ly .

R e c e iv e s w r itte n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s to m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le . W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s
som e! c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g d u tie s : Q uoting p r ic e s ; d e te rm in in g a v a i l a ­
b ilit y o f o r d e r e d ite m s and s u g g e s tin g s u b stitu tes w hen n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c te d d e liv e r y d ate and m eth od o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s to m e r
in fo r m a tio n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; c h e c k in g o r d e r s h e e ts f o r a c c u r a c y and
a d eq u a cy o f in fo rm a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r ta in in g c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r;
fu r n is h in g c u s to m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g - u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d b y th e s p e c ifie d d ate o r to le t c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e liv e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k in g sh ip p in g in v o ic e
a g a in s t o r ig in a l o r d e r .

F IL E

CLERK

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g
s y s te m .
M a y p e r f o r m o l e r i c a l and m anu al ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s itio n s a r e c l a s s i fi e d into l e v e ls on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A .
C la s s if ie s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts , e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g s y s te m
c on ta in in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ctio n w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .
C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le
(s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d in gs o r p a r t ly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by f in e r su b h ead in gs.
P rep a res
s im p le r e la te d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l.
M ay
p e r fo r m
r e la te d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p aid on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h o s e d u ties in clu d e
any o f th e fo llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v ic e s r a th e r than f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s to m e r s w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v ic e u sin g k n o w le d g e
g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e r in g o r e x te n s iv e te c h n ic a l tr a in in g ; e m p h a s iz in g s e llin g
s k ills ; h a n d lin g m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in t e g r a l p a rt o f th e jo b .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s i fi e d

into

le v e l s

a c c o r d in g

to

th e

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . H a n d les o r d e r s th at in v o lv e m ak in g ju d g m en ts such as
c h o o s in g w h ich s p e c ific p ro d u c t o r m a t e r ia l f r o m th e e s ta b lis h m e n t's p ro d u ct
lin e s w i l l s a t is fy th e c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e te r m in in g the p r ic e to be quoted
w hen p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r ic e l i s t o r m ak ing
s o m e s im p le m a th e m a tic a l c a lc u la tio n s .

C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b een
c l a s s i fi e d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
A s r e q u e s te d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m anu al task s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .

C la s s B . H a n d le s o r d e r s in v o lv in g ite m s w h ich h a ve r e a d ily id e n ­
t if ie d u s e s and a p p lic a tio n s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r 's m an u al,
o r s im ila r d ocu m en t to in s u re that p r o p e r ite m is su p p lied o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d ite m .

M ESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , op en in g and d is trib u tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n
o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p o s tin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank accou n ts; v e r if y in g th e in te r n a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d ocu m en ts;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; ex a m in in g and v e r if y in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e tc .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e ith e r a m anu al o r au tom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le u sed w ith a p r iv a t e
b ra n c h exch a n ge (P B X ) s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a s y s te m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a jo r p o r tio n o f th e w o r k e r 's
t im e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at th e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a to r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a to r a r e
e x c lu d e d .
F o r an o p e r a t o r w ho a ls o a c ts as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w itc h b o a rd
O p e r a t o r -R e c e p tio n is t.

T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g
o f tr a n s a c tio n s and ac c ou n tin g in fo r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and accou n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u sed in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to h a ve a k n o w le d g e
o f th e f o r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a ccou n tin g .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N I S T
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

A t a s in g le - p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , a c ts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w itc h b o a rd O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p t io n is t 's
w o r k in v o lv e s such d u ties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ; d e te r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's
b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia te in fo r m a tio n ; r e f e r r i n g v is it o r to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n iz a tio n o r c o n ta c tin g that p e r s o n by te le p h o n e and
a r r a n g in g an a p p oin tm en t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

l e v e l s on th e b a s is o f th e

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r in s a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, fo r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e tit iv e accou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r ib e d ac c o u n tin g c o d e s

17

ACCOUNTING GLERK— Continued

PAYR O LL CLERK— Continued

and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th ro u g h p r e v io u s accou n tin g
a c tio n s to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M a y be a s s is te d b y on e o r
m o r e c la s s B ac c o u n tin g c le r k s .

lis t in g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c in g and c o r r e c t in g e r r o r s in lis t in g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p r e p a r a tio n o f p e r io d ic s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s .
In a n o n a u tom ated p a y r o ll s y s te m , co m p u te s w a g e s .
W o r k m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t ic a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u la t io n s , co m p a n y p a y r o ll p o liq y , o r th e
c o m p u te r s y s te m f o r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .

C la s s B . U n d er c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n tin g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p o s tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e ts w h e r e
id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a te d ; c h e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d a n d
r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r
accou n tin g d o c u m e n ts ; and c o d in g d ocu m en ts u s i n g
a fe w p r e s c r ib e d
ac c ou n tin g c o d e s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith th e s tr u c tu r e
o f th e p a r tic u la r accou n tin g s y s te m u s e d .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is tr ib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in ea c h p h a se o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g l i t t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c tio n s in clu d e accou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a ccou n ts (not
in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d u n der m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, e tc .
M a y c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l s h e e ts f o r th e a ccou n tin g
d e p a rtm e n t.
M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than an
o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :
B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and ad d in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is co u n ts and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be c om p u ted on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ic h a r e a u tq m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d by
m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f c a rb o n c o p ie s
o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d on e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a r t o f th e
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n tr y o f
f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t i c a l colu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in ts a u to ­
m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
PAYRO LL

CLERK

P e r fo r m
m a in ta in p a y r o l l
w o r k e r s ' t im e o r
in w a g e r a t e s ,

s th e c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
reco rd s.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P r o c e s s in g
p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a d ju s tin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s fo r c h an ges
s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fit s , o r ta x d e d u ctio n s ; e d itin g p a y r o ll

KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e r a te s a keyp u n ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e tic an d/or
n u m e r ic data on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .
P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

a r e c la s s i f i e d

into

le v e l s

on th e

b a s is o f th e

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g ite m s to be keyp u n ch ed f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e keypun ch w o r k .
M ay
tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypun ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W o r k is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c lo s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s ta n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d oc u m e n ts w h ich h a ve b een c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a ve b e en p r e s c r ib e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e l i t t le o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d ata to b e r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a tio n .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

O PERATO R

O p e r a t e s on e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s such as th e ta b u la to r , c a lc u ­
la t o r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, e tc .
E x c lu d e d fr o m
th is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f
e le c t r o n ic d ig it a l c o m p u te r s , e v e n though th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a te e l e c t r i c
a ccou n tin g m a c h in e e q u ip m en t.
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

a r e c la s s i f i e d

into

le v e ls

on th e

b a s is o f th e

fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts
in c lu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt c o n tr o l p a n e l w ir in g u n der g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h
o fte n a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g s o m e p lan n in g o f th e n a tu re
and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t io n s , and th e u se o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in th e o p e r a tin g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim it e d to s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u n d er s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le t e but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l ac c ou n tin g m a c h in e s such as
th e ta b u la to r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s im p le r m a c h in e s u sed by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
C la s s C . U n d e r s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s , o p e r a te s s im p le ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s such as th e s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w o r k u n it,
f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla t in g ru n s , o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a tio n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s im p le w ir in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e f ilin g w o r k .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — C ontinued

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th em by use o f e le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a l l s p e c ific a tio n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t te r o p e r a tio n s to be a u tom ated and id e n t ifie s c o n d itio n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d oc u m e n ts to be u sed ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e t a il f o r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o r k and data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a te s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and
p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and re c o m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m en t ch a n ges to o b ta in m o r e e f fe c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W o rk ers
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as
s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y .)

C la s s C .
W o rk s u n der im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly ­
s e s as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expan d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o r k .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d by
p ro g r a m m e r s fro m
in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t.

D o e s not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e
c o m p le x b e ca u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u ltip le - u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output d ata.
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p ro d u c tio n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y ite m o f each ty p e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia te d by th e c o m p u te r .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e th e data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t te r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d
s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s .
M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r c h an ges and f o r ob ta in in g
e q u ip m en t.

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to a se q u e n c e o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e th e p r o b le m s by a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m en t.
W o rk in g f r o m
c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c i s e in s tr u c tio n s w h ich ,
w h en e n te r e d in to the c o m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , cau se the m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u te r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a rts and
d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s sequ en ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d f lo w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th es e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ;
te s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p ro d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e
o p e r a tin g e f f ic ie n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p ro gra m
d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both
s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c l a s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts
If th is is th e s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e t h e ir p ay.)
D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific an d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
For

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n
w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

to

lo w e r

w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

p ro gra m m ers

a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s ts

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
p r o b le m s that a r e r e l a t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p lan , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te .
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b e ca u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n eo u s and th e output d ata a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accou n ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
ac c ou n ts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e th e d ata p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t - m a t te r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s
to be a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e i v e s in s tr u c tio n and gu id a n ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts .
W o rk is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s te m .

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o rk in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ich id e n tify
th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt ’s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g s te p s to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
p lan s the fu ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f fic ie n t ly u t iliz e the
c o m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip m en t
m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m
n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s such a c tio n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p oin ts b e tw e e n o p e r a tio n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to d ata w h en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and
r e s e q u e n c in g o f d ata e le m e n t s to fo r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho a r e
a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e l a t i v e l y s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p ro d u ce data in tw o
o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a ts .
R e p o r t s and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u c ed b y
r e fin in g , ad ap tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le tio n s fr o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the d ata have b een r e fin e d in p r io r a c tio n s so that the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f d ata can be te s te d b y u sin g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith rou tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .

m a jo r ch an ge o r cann ot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o rt t im e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u se and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n .
T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r u sin g
sta n d a rd c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .

OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u n der c lo s e
d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n der f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M a y gu id e o r in s tr u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and c o n c e p ts u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f s tan d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to
ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
p ro c ed u re s .

COM PUTER OPERATO R
M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to o p e r a tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
gra m m er.
W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : Studies in s tr u c tio n s to
d e te r m in e e q u ip m en t setup and o p e r a tio n s ; lo a d s eq u ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m en t in to
c ir c u it , and s ta r ts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r; m a k e s ad ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ad e
d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s c a u se o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s is t in
c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .
For

w age

study

p u rp oses,

c o m p u te r

o p e ra to rs

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A .
O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u te r runn ing p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly te s te d and in tro d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n so th at id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c t io n and gu id a n ce to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u te r ru nn ing p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p ro d u c tio n ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r no te s tin g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s

OR
O p e r a te s u n der d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A .
M ay
a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s and
w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

e x p e c te d
a b ilit y to
r e c e iv e d
o p e r a to r

C la s s C .
W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n der c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u te r e q u ip m en t u sed and
d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running ro u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

D RAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s the g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a vin g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s th at d i f f e r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d r a ftin g
p r e c e d e n ts .
W o rk s in c lo s e su p p ort w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e e f fe c t o f e a c h ch an ge on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a tio n b y lo w e r
l e v e l d r a ft e r s .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n rou tin e and c o m p le x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n ts
th at r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a rd iz e d d ra w in g te c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly u sed .
D u tie s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c is e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d ra w in g s o f fou n ­
d a tio n s , w a ll s e c t io n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m an u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tr e n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is ch e c k ed f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tru c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e is o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g th r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f c om p on en ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b er o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u gg e sted m eth o d s o f
a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In s tr u c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o rk m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinued

, C o p ie s p lan s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs by p la c in g tr a c in g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not
in c lu d e tr a c in g lim it e d to p lan s p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)

W o rk m a y be r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

AN D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
W o rk is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s
b y p e r fo r m in g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g :
In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n s tru c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ilit y to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m en t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a tin g co n d itio n .
T h e eq u ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k inds o f c ir c u it s
o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n o f the s a m e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim it e d
to , th e fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m ittin g and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m en t (e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b ) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u te r s , and (c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tr o llin g
e q u ip m en t.
T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such stan d a rd e le c t r o n ic
e q u ip m en t as c o m m o n o f f ic e m a c h in e s and h o u seh old r a d io and t e le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s w ho h ave a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on th e

b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
A p p lie s ad va n ced te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u su ally
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e th at t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e l e c ­
tr o n ic e q u ip m en t.
E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a tio n and d e n s ity o f
c i r c u i t r y , e le c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n d ersta n d in g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g in d ep en d en t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m in g such
ta s k s as m a k in g c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c in g r e la t io n ­
ship s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x t e s t in s tru m e n ts (e . g . , du al
t r a c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ).

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e th at t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m an u a ls o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on
e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A f a m i l ia r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e la t io n ­
sh ip s o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e te r m in in g w o r k s e q u en ce and in s e le c tin g
to o ls and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts , u s u a lly le s s c o m p le x than th o s e u sed b y the
c la s s A te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r fo r m s im p le o r
ro u tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s t r u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s such
ta s k s a s :
A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g such a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts , w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t; and u sin g to o ls and c o m m o n te s t in s tru m e n ts
( e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ).
Is not r e q u ir e d to be f a m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in c lu d in g c la s s r o o m tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can
a d van ce to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r hi'gher
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
W o rk is t y p ic a lly spot c h e c k ed , but i s g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w
w h en n e w o r ad v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E
A r e g is t e r e d n u rs e w ho g iv e s n u rs in g s e r v ic e u n der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to th e i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tten d in g to su bsequ ent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e ep in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ealth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and plan n in g and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h ealth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f p lan t e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g th e h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f a l l p e rs o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
one n u rs e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerpiant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — C on tin u ed

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru c t and m a in ta in
in good r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o rk and e q u ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te rs ,
b en c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w ood
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;

u sin g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r to o ls , and stan d a rd
m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n ­
sion s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o rk .
In g e n e r a l,
the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
en ce u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

21

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN

MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (Motor vehicle)

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s such as the in s t a l­
la tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m en t f o r th e g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n ,
o r u t iliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m e n t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its, con du it s y s te m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n
e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c if i­
c a tio n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r e q u ip ­
m en t; w o r k in g sta n d a rd c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m en t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r ic ia n 's h a n d tools and
m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh
a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ; E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip ­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s th at in v o lv e th e use o f such h a n d too ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en
o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju s tin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g b od y
b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m o to r v e h ic le m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f p ain t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh .
M a y m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r p ain t in g r e d ie n t s to ob tain p r o p e r c o lo r o r
c o n s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n ew p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n te r p r e tin g w r it t e n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i­
fic a t io n s ; p lan n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's
h a n d too ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g
sta n d a rd m a c h in e t o o ls ; sh ap in g o f m e t a l p a r ts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s ,
and s p ee d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le c tin g s ta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and e q u ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fit t in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t. In g e n e r a l,
th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ; E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly in v o lv e th e use o f h a n d tools in
s c r a p in g and fit t in g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts w ith ite m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g th e p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t by a
m a c h in e shop o r s e n d in g th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r th e p ro d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s.
M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
I n s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fitt in g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ;
L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r
w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g pip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s tan d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s tan d a rd te s t s to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s rou n ded t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o rk e rs p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h eatin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m en t and f ix t u r e s (su ch as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p ans, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s , d u c ts , m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a l l ty p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a l l a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d too ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g, fo r m in g , sh ap in g,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u ir e d .
In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n ge s in th e plant la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g out
w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f handto o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lig n in g and b a la n cin g e q u ip ­
m e n t; s e le c tin g sta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r ts to be used ; and in s ta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n e q u ip m en t such as d r iv e s
and s p ee d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k e ep in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and to o ls ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; and p e r ­
fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d by jo u rn e y m a n .
T h e kind o f w o rk
the h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e
tr a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lift in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and
t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o th e r s he is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e th at a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t im e b a s is .

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , f ix t u r e s , c u ttin g to o ls , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l
d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shapin g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic m a t e r ia l ( e . g . ,
p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ). W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o l v e s : P la n n in g and la y in g
out w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , o r o th e r w r itte n o r o r a l
s p e c ific a t io n s ; u n d e rs ta n d in g the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f co m m o n m e t a ls and
a llo y s ; s e le c tin g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to
c o m p le t e ta s k s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop c o m p u ta tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g
v a r io u s m a c h in e to o ls and r e la t e d e q u ip m en t; u sin g v a r io u s t o o l and d ie
m a k e r 's h a n d too ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; w o rk in g to v e r y
c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; h e a t - tr e a t in g m e t a l p a r ts and fin is h e d to o ls and d ie s to
a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts to p r e s c r ib e d t o l e r ­
a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th ro u gh f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A C H I N E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T o o lr o o m )
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a tin g one o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a c h in e t o o l
( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , e n g in e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to m a c h in e
m e t a l f o r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , fix t u r e s , c u ttin g t o o ls , g a u g e s ,
o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shapin g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r i a l ( e . g . , p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m ­
p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e t o o l o r
t o o ls (e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g to o ls and a d ju s t g u id e s , s to p s , w o rk in g ta b le s ,
and o th e r c o n tr o ls to handle the s iz e o f stock to be m a c h in e d ; d e te r m in e
p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e o r s e le c t th o s e p r e ­
s c r ib e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n
m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g m a c h in in g
o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
M a y be
r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and c u ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s , to
r e c o g n iz e w h en to o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s t o o ls .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k
o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a to r (t o o lr o o m ) at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in th is
c l a s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s e x te n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh c o n s id e r a b le o n - th e - jo b tr a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .

in c lu d e
sh ops.

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not
m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a to r s (t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and die jo b b in g

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w ho (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e f o r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).
S T A T I O N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h eat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g eq u ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r ig e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pum ps;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a ir s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l c o n su m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th es e o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ir e s
s ta tio n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r , o r
s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e by hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r; and ch e c k s w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m eq u ip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts such a s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le ­
s a le and r e t a i l 'e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru c k w ith
o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p tr u c k in g ood
w o r k in g o r d e r .
S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by s iz e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, as f o llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be r a te d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

T R U C K D R IV E R — C on tin u ed
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

lig h t tr u c k (u n d e r 1 V2 to n s )
m e d iu m tr u c k ( 1 V2 to and in c lu d in g 4 to n s)
h e a v y tr u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y tr u c k (o th e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e i v e s and i s r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g sh ip m en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk
in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta t io n , and r a t e s ; and. p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

SHIPPING PACKER— Continued

sh ip p ed , m a k in g up b ills o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y in g o r d ir e c t in g
o th e rs in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g ,
in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o rta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a ge d
g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia te
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g d ata on c o n ta in e r .
P a ck ers
w ho a ls o m a k e w o od en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

F o r w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t, s t o r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n load in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u n p a ck in g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a t io n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
Lon gsh ore
w o r k e r s , w ho lo a d and un load s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

Sh ip pin g c le r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Sh ippin g and r e c e iv in g c le r k
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u ties w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n der stan din g o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n ts , n o tin g and r e p o r t in g d is c r e p a n c ie s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m eth o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n t o r y o f s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g i t f o r sh ip m en t.
M a y o p e r a te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a l l k in d s about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
tr u c k ,

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as f o llo w s :

are

c l a s s i fi e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lift o p e ra to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u ties in v o lv e ship p ing and r e c e i v ­
in g w o r k (s e e S h ippin g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and S h ip pin g P a c k e r ), o r d e r f illin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).

GUARD AN D W A TC H M AN
G u ard .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s
g u a rd s w h o a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

O RD ER F IL L E R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d good s f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in a d d ition to f illin g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e ep r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o rt s u p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la t e d d u tie s .

W a tc h m a n .
M a k e s rou n ds o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , th e ft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o te c tin g

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l
o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h ,
and o th e r r e fu s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n itu r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f ix t u r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g l a v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , arid r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w h o s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th em
in s h ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , th e s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g depen den t
upon th e t y p e , s iz e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to be p a c k ed , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m eth o d o f sh ip m en t.
W o rk r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s in

24

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the la t e s t b u lle tin s a v a ila b le is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
B u lle tin s
m a y b e p u rc h a s e d f r o m an y o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s shown on the b a c k
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g
O f f ic e , W a sh in g to n , D .C . 20402.
M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le to S u p e rin te n d e n t o f
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r in g th e y e a r s
1950 th ro u g h 1975, is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1976 1_________________________________________
A lb a n y — c h en e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y . , Sept. 1976 _________________
S
A n a h e im —
Santa A n a — a r d e n G r o v e ,
G
C a l i f . , O ct. 1976___________________ ,______________________________
A tla n ta , G a . , M a y 1977___________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 197 6 _______________________________________
B i llin g s , M o n t., July 1976_____ __________________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 977__ _____________________________ _
_
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1976 ___________________________ ____________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O ct. 1976 _________________________________________
C anton, O h io, M a y 1977 1 ________________________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T e rm .— a . , Sept. 1976 ___________________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1976 __________________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io— y .— d ., M a r . 1976_________________________
K
In
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1976______________________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O ct. 1976______________________________________
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x . , Ju ly 1 976________________________________
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1976___________________ ________
D a v e n p o r t— o c k Isla n d — o lin e , Io w a —
R
M
111., F e b . 1977 1 _____
D a y ton , O h io , D e c . 1976 _________________________________________
D ayton a B ea ch , F l a . , A u g . 1976 ________________________________
D e n v e r — o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1 976_____________________________
B
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1977_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f. , June 1977 _______________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la . , Sept. 1976 ____________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1 976______________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o - W in s to n - S a le m — ig h P o in t,
H
N .C ., A u g . 1976___________________________________________________
G r e e n v ille — p a rta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1977_____________________
S
H a r t fo r d , C onn ., M a r . 1977______________________________________
H ou ston , T e x . , A p r . 1976________________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1977 1_____________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1976_____________________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1977 1 ______________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , D e c . 1976 1__________________________________
K a n s a s C ity , M o .- K a n s ., Sept. 1976 1 _________________________
L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h , C a lif. , O ct. 1976__________________
L
L o u i s v i ll e , K y .—In d ., N o v . 1976_________________________________

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e *
1900-7 6, 85 cen ts
1900-59, 55 cen ts
1900-67,
1950-17,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1950-8,
1900-53,
1 9 00 -7 0 ,
1950-28,
1 900-57,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1900-62,
1900-68,
1900-41,
1900-63,
1950-26,
1900-78,
1900-45,
1900-73,
1950-13,
1950-30,
1900-54,
1900-37,

75 cen ts
$ 1 .2 0
85 cen ts
55 cen ts
85 cen ts
85 cen ts
75 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
55 cen ts
$ 1 .0 5
75 cen ts
95 cen ts
75 cen ts
55 cen ts
85 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
85 cen ts
45 cen ts
85 c en ts
$ 1 .2 0
70 cen ts
45 cents
55 cen ts

1900-47,
1950-33,
1 950-9,
1 900-26,
1 950-4,
1900-58,
1 950-2,
1 900-80,
1 900-60,
1900-77,
1 900-69,

65 cen ts
70 cen ts
80 cen ts
85 cen ts
$ 1 .4 0
75 cen ts
$ 1 .5 0
85 cen ts
$ 1.05
85 cen ts
55 cen ts

A rea
M e m p h is , T e n n .— r k . —M i s s . , N o v . 1976 1_____________________
A
M ia m i, F la . , O ct. 1976___________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1977 ____________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n .— is ., Jan. 1977________________
W
N a s sa u — u ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1977 _______________________________
S
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan 1977 __________________________________________
N e w O r le a n s , L a . , Jan. 1 9 7 7 *___________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1977.............. ....................... .............
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th , V a .—
N .C ., M a y 1977______________________________ _________ ___________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r ts m o u th and
N e w p o r t N e w s — am p ton , V a .— .C ., M a y 1977_____________
H
N
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1976 ____________________________
O k lah om a C ity , O k la ., A u g . 1976_______________________________
O m ah a, N e b r .— w a , O ct. 1976__________________________________
Io
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1976 __________________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1976 1____________________________
P itts b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977 ______________________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e , D e c . 1976 1 ____ _______________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a sh ., M a y 1977 1____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1977 _________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n — e w b u rg h , N . Y . , June 1976____ ____
N
P r o v id e n c e—W a r w ic k —P a w tu c k e t , R . I.—
M a s s ., June 1977 1 ______________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1977 1 _____________________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1977 __________________________________
S a c r a m e n to , C a lif. , D e c . 1976 __________________________________
S a gin a w , M ic h ., N o v . 1976 1_____________________________________
S a lt L a k e C ity —O gden , U tah, N o v . 1976_______________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1977 r __________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif. , N o v . 1976______________ ______________________
San F r a n c is c o —O ak lan d, C a lif. , M a r . 1977 ___________________
San J o s e , C a lif. , M a r . 1977_____________________________________
S e a ttle — v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan 1 9 7 7 1 _____________________________
E
South B en d , In d ., M a r . 1976 ____________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , Ju ly 1976_______________________________________
T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., M a y 1977__________________________________
M
T r e n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1 976________________________________________
W a sh in g ton , D . C . - M d .- V a .^ M a r . 1977 _______________________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1977 1 _____________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1977 ___________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1977 _____________________________________________

B u lle tin nu m b er
and p r i c e *
1900-75,
1900-66,
1950-14,
1950-3,
1950-27,
1950-7,
1950-5,
1950-31,

85 cen ts
75 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .2 0

1950-20, 70 cen ts
1950-21,
1900-43,
1900-42,
1900-61,
1900-38,
1900-64,
1950-1,
1900-72,
1950-32,
1950-25,
1900-55,

70 cents
65 cen ts
55 cen ts
55 cents
55 cents
$ 1.10
$ 1 .5 0
85 cen ts
$ 1 .2 0
70 cents
55 cents

1950-22,
1950-23,
1950-10,
1900-71,
1900-74,
1900-65,
1950-24,
1900-79,
1950-29,
1950-19,
1950-12,
1900-5,
1900-44,
1950-18,
1900-56,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
1950-6,

$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1.20
55 cen ts
75 cents
55 cents
$ 1 .1 0
55 cents
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
55 cen ts
55 cen ts
80 cents
55 cents
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
70 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are a
lso presented.

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Rodion I

Region II

Region 11
1

Region IV

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Arkansas
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VII

V III

Iowa
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Colorado
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Utah
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IX
Arizona
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Illinois
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X
Alaska
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