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Area Wage Survey
Greenville-Spartanburg, South Carolina,
Metropolitan Area, June 1976
Bulletin 1900-36
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




d o c u m e n t c o l l e c t io n
N.CAR.

OCT Z 2 1976
Dayton & N;c;il „W fyC o
Public Library

OCT 1 4 *76

Preface
T his bu lletin p r o v id e s r e s u lts of a June 1976 s u r v e y of
o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p p lem en ta ry w age b e n e fits in the
G r e e n v ille — p a rta n b u rg , S .C ., Stan dard M etrop olita n S ta tistica l
S
A r e a (G r e e n v ille ,
P ic k e n s , a n d Spartanburg C ou n ties).
The
s u r v e y w as m ade as p a rt of the B u reau o f L a b or S ta tis tic s '
annual a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h ich is d es ig n e d to y ield
data f o r in d iv id u al m e tro p o lita n a r e a s as w e ll as n ation a l and
r e g io n a l e s tim a te s f o r a ll Standard M etrop olita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a s
in the United States, ex clu d in g A la sk a and H aw aii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a rea w age su r v e y p r o g r a m
is the n eed to d e s c r ib e the le v e l and m ov em en t o f w ages in a
v a r ie ty of la b o r m a rk e ts , th rou gh the a n a ly sis o f (1) the le v e l
and d is tr ib u tio n o f w a g es by o ccu p a tion , and (2) the m ov em en t
o f w ages b y o c cu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l.
The p r o g r a m
d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be u se d f o r m any p u r p o s e s , in ­
clu d in g w age and s a la r y a d m in istra tion , c o lle c t iv e b a rgain in g,
and a s s is ta n c e in determ in in gI plant lo c a tio n .
S u rvey r e su lts a ls o
a r e u se d b y the U.S. D ep artm en t of L a b or to m ake w age d e t e r ­
m in a tion s under the S e r v ic e C o n tra ct A ct of 1965.




C u rren tly , 81 a r e a s a r e in clu d ed in the p r o g r a m .
(See
lis t o f a r e a s on in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)
In e a ch a re a , o c cu p a tio n a l
earn in g s data a r e c o lle c t e d annually.
In fo rm a tio n on e s t a b lis h ­
m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age b e n e fits is obtain ed e v e r y
th ird y e a r.
E a ch y e a r a fte r a ll in d iv id u a l a re a w age su rv e y s have
b een c o m p le te d , tw o su m m a ry bu lletin s a r e is su e d .
The f i r s t
b r in g s to g e th e r data f o r e a c h m e tro p o lita n a r e a su rv e y e d ; the
se c o n d p r e s e n ts n a tion a l and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c te d f r o m
in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a data.
The G re e n v ille —
Spartan bu rg su r v e y w as con d u cted by the
B u rea u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in A tlan ta, G a., u n der the g e n e r a l d i­
r e c t io n o f J e r r y G. A d a m s , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r '
O p era tion s.
The s u r v e y c o u ld n ot have been a c c o m p lis h e d w ithout
the c o o p e r a tio n o f the m any fir m s w h ose w ag e and s a la r y data
p r o v id e d the b a s is f o r the s t a t is t ic a l in fo rm a tio n in this b u lletin .
The B u reau w ish e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n fo r the c o o p ­
e ra tio n r e c e iv e d .

Bulletin 1900-36

A rea W age Survey:
G re e n v ille -S p a rta n b u rg , South Carolina,

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M etropolitan A rea, June 1976

Contents

Page

I n tr o d u c tio n __________________________________________

2

Page
T a b le s— Continued
B.

T a b le s :
A.

E a rn in gs:
A - l . W eek ly ea rn in gs o f o ffic e w o r k e r s ... 3
A -2 . W eek ly ea rn in gs o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s ______________ 5
A -3 . A v e r a g e w eek ly earn in gs o f o f f ic e ,
p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , by s e x ____________________ 6
A - 4 . H ou rly earn in g s o f m a in ten an ce,
t o o lr o o m , and pow erplant
w o r k e r s ______________________________ 7
A -5 . H ou rly ea rn in gs o f m a te r ia l
m ov em en t and cu s to d ia l
8
w o r k e r s ______________________________
A -6 . A v e r a g e h o u rly earn in gs o f
m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m , p o w e r pla n t, m a te r ia l m ov e m e n t, and
cu s to d ia l w o r k e r s , by s e x ___________ 10
A - 7 . P e r ce n t in c r e a s e s in a v era g e
h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r se le cte d
o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , adju sted
fo r em p loym en t s h ift s ________________ 11




September 1976

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and
su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :
B - l . M inim u m en tran ce s a la r ie s
fo r in e x p e rie n ce d ty p ists
and c le r k s _____________________________ 12
B -2 . Late shift pay p r o v is io n s fo r
fu ll-t im e m an u factu rin g plant
w o r k e r s ________________________________13
B -3 . S cheduled w eek ly h ou rs and days
o f fu ll-t im e fir s t -s h ift
w o r k e r s ________________________________14
B -4 . Annual paid h olid a y s fo r fu ll-t im e
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 1 5
B -5 . Paid vacation p r o v is io n s fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s ____________________ 16
B -6 . H ealth , in su r a n ce , and p en sion
plan p r o v is io n s fo r fu ll-t im e
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 19

A ppendix A .
A pp endix B.

Scope and m ethod o f s u r v e y -------------- 21
O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t i o n s ___________26

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price) 85 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
n u r s e s , s k ille d m a in ten an ce tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and
u n sk illed plant w o r k e r s . W h ere p o s s ib le , data a re
p re se n te d fo r a ll in d u s tr ie s , m a n u fa ctu rin g , and
n on m an u fa ctu rin g.
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f
w age tre n d s a fter e lim in a tion o f ch a n ges in a v e ra g e
earn in g s ca u sed by em p loym en t sh ifts am ong e s t a b ­
lish m en ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r o f e sta b lis h m e n ts in ­
clu d ed in su r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r fu rth er d e t a ils , see
appendix A .

T h is a rea is 1 o f 84 in w hich the U.S.
D epartm ent o f L a b o r 's B u reau o f L a b or S ta tistics
con d u cts su r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l earn in g s and r e ­
la ted b e n e fits .
In th is a r e a , data w e r e obtain ed by
p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e ­
p r e s e n ta tiv e e sta b lish m en ts within s ix b ro a d in du stry
d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n i­
ca tio n , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e;
r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l estate;
and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry g rou p s ex clu d ed fr o m
th ese stu d ies a re g overn m en t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n ­
stru ctio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u strie s .
E sta b lish m en ts
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s
a r e om itted b e c a u s e o f in su fficien t em p loym en t in
the o ccu p a tio n s studied.
Sep arate ta bu la tion s are
p r o v id e d fo r each o f the b roa d in d u stry d iv is io n s
w h ich m eet p u b lica tion c r it e r i a .

B - s e r i e s ta b le s
The B - s e r i e s ta b le s p r e s e n t in form a tion on
m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r o f f ic e w o r k e r s ; late
shift pay p r o v is io n s and p r a c t ic e s fo r plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u factu rin g ; and data se p a r a te ly fo r plant and
o ffic e w o r k e r s on sch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs and days
o f f ir s t -s h ift w o r k e r s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ;
and h ealth , in s u r a n ce , and pen sion pla n s.

A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b le s A - l th rou gh A -6 p r o v id e estim a te s
o f s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly o r h o u rly earn in g s fo r w o r k ­
e r s in o c cu p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n on m an u factu rin g in d u str ie s . O ccu p a tion s
w e r e s e le c t e d fr o m the fo llo w in g c a t e g o r ie s : (a)
O ffic e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l, (c)
m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m , and p o w erp la n t, and (d) m a te­
r ia l m ov em en t and c u s to d ia l. In the 31 la r g e s t
su r v e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - l a th rough A -6 a p r o v id e
s im ila r data fo r e sta b lis h m e n ts em p loyin g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.

A p p en d ixes
A pp en dix A d e s c r ib e s the m eth od s and c o n ­
ce p ts u sed in the a r e a w age su r v e y p r o g r a m .
It
p r o v id e s in fo rm a tio n on the s c o p e o f the a r e a su r v e y ,
on the a r e a 's in d u stria l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa c tu r ­
in g, and on la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t c o v e r a g e .

T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t ch a n ges in a v ­
e r a g e h o u rly earn in g s o f o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u stria l

A pp en dix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s u sed
by B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is ts to c la s s ify w o r k e r s by
o c cu p a tio n .

2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
am ber

Occupation and industry division

orken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard) Mean 2

N u m b e r of w o r k e f s rece iv in g straig ht -t im e w e e k l y ea r n i n g s of-

S

s
80

Median 2

Middle range2

and
under

90

S

90
-

t

S

100

no
-

-

100

S

120

S

130
-

-

S

S

S

S

s

s

-

ISO

160

170

180

190

-

140

-

-

-

S

-

200

S

220

230

240

-

-

-

-

240

250

120

130

140

150

160

170

ISO

190

200

21?

220

23o

15
6
9

69
55

123
92
31

157
134
23

96
62
34

97
75
22

35
31

27
22

4

5

*

no

t

S

210

-

4

*

-

4

24
17
7
3

20
10
10
2

14
8
6
2

6
3

1
1

11
9

7
7

7
7

6

21
12
9

20
7
13

16
14
2

8

5

*

2

46
33
13

44
35
9

12
7

10

23
14

32
32

f
t
s - T --i
25Q 2*0 270 280
-

-

-

260

270

and

280

over

ALL WORKERS
SECRETARIES ------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------nonmanufactuping

PUBLIC UTILITIES

871
604
267
25

39.5
40.0
38.0
39.0

$
156.00
155.50
156.50
207.50

$
151.00
150.00
153.00
201.00

$
$
138.00-171.50
139.00-171.50
132.50-168.00
190.00-243.50

-

8

-

-

•

8

-

—

27
4

23

14

-

*

146
87
59
2

4

1

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------------

39.5 195.50 198.00 182.00-213.50
40.0 198.00 198.00 184.50-215.00

•

-

.

-

1

44

-

*

*

*

-

-

SECRETARIES* CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING --- —
NONMANUFACTURING —

132
64
68

38.5 172.00 165.00 155.50-185.00
40.0 176.00 179.00 160.00-190.00
37.5 168.00 157.00 153.50-173.50

-

•
-

_
"

•
-

2
2
-

1
1

10
6
4

SECRETARIES. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING----NONMANUFACTURING ----

319
232
87

39.5 155.50 151.00 138.50-171.00
40.0 153.00 150.00 139.50-168.00
38.5 163.00 158.00 138.00-176.50

-

•
-

5
-

4

32
27

1

5

59
52
7

42
32

5

45
29
16

SECRETARIES. CLASS D --- --MANUFACTURING ------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g — — --- —

365
264
101

39.5 144.00 144.00 132.50-154.50
40.0 145.50 146.00 134.00-154.00
38.5 139.50 132.50 109.50-155.50

-

8

-

22

10
2

35
26

8

18

8

9

76
63
13

84
73

-

66
50
16

61
25
36

39.5 150.00 140.50 124.00-180.00
40.0 128.50 130.00 119.00-140.00
39.0 164.50 153.50 134.00-188.50

.

-

6

6

5

11

8

-

-

5

2

4

7

4

-

1

4

1

4

4

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING ----------

125
29

40.0 159.50 153.50 138.00-184.00
40.0 156.00 150.00 146.00-173.90

•

1

2

1

9

2 2

2 2

-

-

1

*

1

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS
NONMANUFACTURING ----------

33
30

37.5 120.50 124.50 108.50-130.00
37.5 118.50 120.50 105.50-130.00

.

1

2

-

1

11
11

7
7

-

4

1
1
•

-

-

-

*
•
-

1
1

-

4
•
4

*
•
-

-

-

6
•

-

1
1

6
6

•

7
7

-

4
1

1
1
-

1

i
•
i

-

-

?

1
1

-

3
•b
«
3

•
—

—
—

•
..
.

•
-

•

.•

3

-

-

4
1

1
-

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ----------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----- —

55

41

38.5 159.00 161.50 140.00-188.50

TYPISTS. CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----

165
91
74

39.0 116.00 118.50 101.50-126.00
40.0 119.50 121.00 113.50-129,00
38.0 112.00 111.50 98.50-123.00

6

FILE CLERKS. CLASS C ----- --n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------

63
53

38.0 103.00 100.00
38.0 102.50 100.00

98.00-108.50
94.50-107,00

MESSENGERS --------------------

31

s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---

TYPISTS. CLASS A ----

6

-

28
6

5

4

2

2

2

4

5

10

a

-

5

5

6
6

5

.

5

1

*

9

5

16

-

•
-

-

2
-

1
•

•

•

-

1

2

1

5

12

-

1

2

1

2

«
.

l

i

•

•

1
T

-

12
2 5

. -

9

7

2

5

4

3

.

_

•

.

-

-

4

5

•
-

•

-

-

V

-

i

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

•
•

r

-

-

-

*

-

•
•
-

-•
-

1

2

•

•

2

2

5

5

2

2

2 6

2

•
-

•
-

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

*

1

-

-

•

•

*

-

-

-

*

-

*

•
-

•
-

-

•
•
*

16

2

*

*

*

5

•

•

-

_

-

8

5

-

-

*

-

-

-

5

6

7

1

5
•
-

-

23
1 6 .

39.5 124.00 122.00 112.50-133.50

1

2

4

64
35
29

39.5 132.00 132.50 110.00-152.50
40.0 139.50 142.00 125.50-157.50
39.0 123.00 121.00 106.00-137.00

3

1

11

-

-

2

4

3

1

9

-

5

s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------

181
111
70

39.5 125.50 122.00 110.50-138.00
39.5 127.00 124.50 115.00-139.00
39.0 123.50 115.00 106.50-134.00

-

3
3
-

29
5
24

54
38
16

32
24

1

ORDER CLERKS. CLASS B

102

39.5 122.50 112.00 108.00-140.00

-

8

2 2

32

5

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING --- --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

187
102
85

39.5 155.50 150.00 138.00-172.00
.00
156.50 155.00 139.50-173r
39.5 154.00 150.00 136.00-170.00

•

_

4

40.0

-

-

11

4

10
5

8

«

-

14
4

1

4

10

3

5

-

•

21
21

S e e footnotes at en d of tables.

7

•

-

4

3
3

1

8

8

-

9

1

8

8

2 2

45
28
17

6




7

11

37
32

•
-

36
20
16

21
15

22

1

5
10

3

10

6
4
19
14
5
8

41
2 2

19

3
3

10

11

6

9

-

4

2

19
12

12

7

3

19

32
24

18
8
10

-

*

•

-

-

1

*

-

-

r

,

1

•

1

•

•

i

-

*

1

-

1

-

-

26

13

3

10

7
6

4

16

-

-

•

-

3

1

4

3

1

6

3

2

8

9

9

•
-

-

w
w
*

•
*

-

-

6

2 2

12
10

10

•

2

2

-

•

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

umber
of
otkes

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f s

S
weekly
hours1
(standard)

80
Mean 1

Median *

Middle range 2

and
under

S
90

S

S
100

lif t

S

S

S

-

-

100

110

120

130

66
19

-

150

170

-

-

1 *0

150

160

170

180

85
39

35
17
18

20
13

18
12
6

2
1
1

5
5

7

13
9
4

4
2
2

1
1

2
1
1

•

«*

-

180

190

■
200

-

140

160

S

J

S

130
-

120

90.

-

-

S

s

s

r

i

s

w

-

-

£00

-

220

210

220

230

240

-

-

-

•

•

.

*

-

-

-

•

230

240

s

S

210

250

t

260

270

280

w
250

2 *0

-

and

270

280

over

W

•

—

W
T

-

-

*

•

•
-

-

•

•

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, C U S S 8
manufacturing
nonmanufacturing

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS a ----nonmanufacturing —
PAYROLL CLERKS
MANUFACTURING
nonmanufacturing

—

$

$

$
3 9 ,5 1 2 * .0 0
* 0 . 0 1 2 9 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 1 8 .5 0

$
1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 * .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0 - 1 3 9 ,0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

22
—
22

12
1
11

*7

70
**
26

90
65
25

29
25

*0 .0
*0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0 - 1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

-

-

15
15

7
7

5
1

2
2

123
92
31

*0 .0
*0 .0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 8 .^ 0
1 * 2 .0 0

1 * 0 .5 0
1 * 0 .5 0
1 3 * .0 0

1 2 8 .0 0 - 1 * 9 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 * 9 .5 0
1 3 * .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

2
2

6

6

—
-

6

6

21
15

32
23

-

-

-

6

26
1*
12

•
-

1

-

9

25
7
18

15
12

-

11
—
11

10

1
3 9

8 6

71
15

68
49
19

41

20
19

82
46
36

*3 5
2 1 ft
209

3 9 .5

operators* class a
manufacturing
nonmanufacturing

78
28
50

*0 .0
3 8 .0

1 3 6 .0 0
1 * 5 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 * 3 .5 0
1 3 * .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 * 6 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

•
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING

337
236
101

*0 .0
*0 .0
*0 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

1 2 * .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 9 -1 3 7 .0 0
1 1 4 . 5 0 —1 3 .9 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

•
-

KEYPUNCH

NONMANUFACTURING

3 8 .5

—

1

* 6

4

3

11
8
3

11




4

-

1
1

•
-

•
-

•
-

•
-

•

•

-

-

-

4

,

5

35

14
13

6

1

—

m

1
1

4

'
See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

-

5

3
8

•

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976
W e e k l y e a r n in g s 1

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re ceiving st ra ight-time w e e k l y ea r n i n g s of—

(sta n d a rd )
um ber

S

S

no

S

S

S

o r k e is

w e e k ly
h ou rs1

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

$

S

S

s

S

S

s

■ 1 ---------

(s ta n d a rd

ALL

M ean 2

M e d ia n 1

M id d le r a n g e 2

120

130

140

150

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

120

O c c u p a t i o n a n d in d u s t r y division

130

140

150

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

_34Q

■3 > 0

380

*00

*20

440

460

480

1

2

5

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

1

15
9

8
8

7
7

7
6

7
1

3
3

*

*

*

-

-

-

-

4

2

7

17

3

2

6

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
8

5

4
4

8

5
5

3

4

8

3

4

*

-

4

12
9

1
1

-

-

“

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
“

and
under

WORKERS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) » C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

40.0

$
355.00
342.00

$
345.50
334.00

$

67
35

309.00-391.00
3 1 8 . 5 0 - 3 6 3 . U0

*

*

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ----- ----------

50

39.5

286.50

276.00

257.50-324.50

-

-

44
39

39.5
40.0

288.50
295.00

284.00
288.00

244.00-319.00
250.00-320.00

46
29

39.0
40.0

242.00
242.50

248.00
249.50

223.00-260.00
227.00-260.00

*

“

*

1
1

*

*

3

11
9

10

*

29

38.5

201.50

201.50

168.50-218.50

-

-

-

1

1

6

5

10

2

4

-

-

1

6
6

1
1

-

-

COMPUTER

PROGRAMMERS

MANUFACTURING

39.5

$

-

6

(BUSINESS),

------ — ----- ------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING

.

.

*

—

**’

*

*

▼
■
r

•
-

“

4

(BUSINESS),

COMPUTER

3

6

(BUSINESS)•

COMPUTER

PROGRAMMERS

OPERATORS,

CLASS

A ---------

29

39.5

159.50

152.00

142.00-168.00

81

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

39.5
40.0
39.0

172.50
176.50
164.50

164.50
173.00
150.00

150.00-196.50
157.00-196.50
148.00-182.00

55
26

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

55
32

40.0
40.0

136.50
139.00

134.00
138.50

125.00-142.00
125.00-144.00

D R A F T E R S , C L A S S A --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

92
56

40.0
40.0

257.50
223.00

255.50
223.50

215.50-291.00
195.50-255.50

DRAFTERS, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

202

40.0
40.0
40.0

212.50
191.00
233.50

210.00
187.00
233.00

184.50
156.00

9 9

NONMANUFACTURING —

103

•

10

1

5

7

2

9

2

2

8

13

11
10
1

11

5
6

“

-

5

1
1

•

•

-

14
13

11
10

11
2

9

6

3

2
-

6

8
3

2

5

8

21
17
4

•

22

“

9

16
10

8
8

3
1

3

5
5

4
4

9

7
7

9

9

2
2

41

41
28
13

43
16
27

28

2

27
12
15

28

9

6

3

-

34
14

28
3

24

12

8

4

5

1

•

*

-

*

*

-

-

-

-

-

*

6

53
25

48

51

6

_

.

22

3
3

•

22

2
2

-

2

2
2

“

*

-

•

•

-

.

-

*

*

-

184.50-233.00
170.00-210.00
208.50-252.00

•

-

.

2

-

-

“

-

*

175.00
150.50

155.00-205.00
145.00-165.50

1

2
-

7

5

-

.

2
-

166

44

40.0
40.0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

264
109

40.0
40.0

238.50
228.50

239.50
221.00

215.00-265.00
210.00-249.50

-

102
54

40.0
40.0

248.00
241.00

251.50
229.50

217.50-265.50
210.00-258.50

•

-

_

*

•

*

140

40.0
40.0

237.Q0
224.00

237.00
220.00

215.00-265.00
206.00-244.00

•

•

-

“

*

*

*

44
44

40.0
40.0

181.50
181.50

184.00
184.00

170.00-197.50
170.00-197.50

1
1

•

3

.

-

-

45

5

39

.

*

, CL AS S A------------------ — ----

t e c h n i c i a n s

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS,
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------r e g i s t e r e d

in du str ial

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

CLASS

n u rs es

----------------

B-

-

8

21
13

*

19

•

1
1

4

24
20

“

-

6
6

20
14

14
12

*

5
3

9
7

28
10

28
10

13
13

15
15

7

*

3

9

2

2

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.




1

2

DRAFTERS, CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- -

ELECTRONICS

6

5

7

T

7

68
4

6

2
-

29
9

22

4
4

*

22
13

46

4

-

5

-

T

•

•

4

*

•

•

“

T

-

-

•

.

*

“

-

•

.

*

?
*

*

*

.

,

6

-

-

•

.

-

3
3

2

2

3
3

*

-

.

*

*

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976
A vera ge
(m ea n 2 )

A v e ra g e
(m e a n 2 )

Sex,

3

oc cu pation, a n d in du st ry division

Number
of
w o ik e n

W eek ly
heurs *
(standard)

W eek ly
earn in gs1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - MEN
$
126.50

Sex, 3 occupation, a n d in du st ry division

Number
of
w o ik e n

W eek ly
hour* 1
standard)

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

Sex,

3 occupation, a n d in du st ry division

Number
of
worker*

A vera ge
(m ean 2 )
W eekly
hours 1
[standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
64
35
29

39.5 132.00
40.0 139.50
39.0 123.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

39
36

$
39.5 292.00
40.0 296.00

181
111
70

39.5 125.50
39.5 127.00
39.0 123.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS*,
CLASS B ----------------- ---- -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

38
26

39.0 247.00
40.0 246.00

156.00

102

39.5 122.50

59
41

39.5 178.50
40.0 182.00

38.0 156.50
39.0 207.50

160
83
77

39.5 151.00
40.0 153.00
39.5 149.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --------

28

40.0 146.00

DRAFTERS, CLASS A ---- --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- — --- --- --- ----

92
58

40.0 257.50
40.0 223.00

DRAFTERS, CLASS B ---- --------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

191
93
98

40.0 213.50
40.0 191.50
40.0 234.00

DRAFTERS, CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING — — — — — — — —

159
44

40.0 186.00
40.0 156.00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -----------MANUFACTURING ----- — -------------

264
109

40.0 238.50
40.0 228.50

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS AMANUFACTURING ---------- ----------

102
54

40.0 248.00
40.0 241.00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS Bm a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

140
45

40.0 237.00
40.0 224.00

---- ---

27

40.0 126.50

i n d u s t r i a l NURSES ------MANUFACTURING ----- ---------------

44
44

40.0 181.50
40.0 181.50

39.5 180.50
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

W A roU r A C 1 U K l i t v

25
A

ULAww

" * r

"

1
1

* * ” • *• **•

"

414
207
207

132
64

38.5 172.Q0
40.0 176.00

319
232
87

m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------- ----------- --------------------------

364
263
161

manufacturing

————
—— —
----------------------------------------------------

NviNMANUi ACTUHiNo
MANUFACTURING

-------- --------------------------------------------

39.5 150.00
36
STENOGRAPHERS t SENIOR

-----------* -----------------------

. a r

39.0 164.50
40.0 159.50

40.0 110.SO
40.0 108.50
40.0 139.00
40.0 138.00
39.5 142.00
38.5 136.001
40.0 145*50'
38.0 130.50

329
236
93

39.5 144.00
40.0 145.50
38. S 139.50

mm
mm

SECRETARIES* CLASS C

29
25

78
28
50

39.5 155.50
40.0 153.00
38 • 5 163.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS -R * * * * * * * * ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

39.5 123.5t
40.0 129.00
38.5 118.00

123
92
31

40.0 198.00

40.0 125.50;
40.0 127.00
40.0 121.50

professional
nonmanufacturing

TYPISTS* CLASS A

--------- -----------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

30

3T.5 118.50

40

38.5 159.50

COMPUTER
61
31
OU nr w i tn

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------—

o i o i

(DUviNc,bbl

f

f cn j

CuAbb

i

D

40.0 297.50

y

* " —* *

S ee footnotes at e n d of tables.




39.5 360.00
40.0 345.00

40

119.50
38e0

6

and

technical

OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

operators, class

registered

c

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Greenville—Spartarfburg, S.C., June 1976
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
------ 3---- J— =“ 5----- S---- S----- 1----- 5----S----- 5----- 5----- 5----- 5----- I----- 5----- $----- J----- 5----- S----- {----- 3----- S----- 1---3.do 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00
Under and
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
^
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
and
®
under
“
—
“
3.20
3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.6Q 4.8Q 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6. 0 0 6.20 6.40 6.60 6. 8 0 7 . 0 0 over

O c c u p a t i o n a n d industry division

ALL WORKERS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS -----------------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G ----------------------------- ------- -------

104
87

$
4.33
4.38

$
4.37
4.37

4.12- 4.68
4.23- 4.71

3
3

_

_

•

*

*

5
4

14
5

3
3

4
3

30
29

16
14

16
14

4
4

9
8

-

*

MAINTENANCE E L E C TR IC IA N S ------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------- ------------------- ----------

322
314

4.90
4.91

4.84
4.84

4.59- 5.27
4.60- 5.28

.

_

•

-

-

*

-

3
3

3
3

13
12

31
30

35
30

61
61

55
55

25
25

MAINTENANCE M A C H IN IS TS -----------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------

319
319

4.87
4.87

4.82
4.82

4.56- 5.16
4.56- 5.16

6
6

3
3

8
8

51
51

22
22

66
66

36
36

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M ACH IN ER Y) MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

598
596

4.76
4.76

4.79
4.77

4.51- 5.00
4.51- 5.00

_

*

3
3

33
33

81
81

44
44

128
128

200
101

5.00
4.97
5.60
5.60

4.844.385.105.10-

1
1
“

*

16
16
-

15
7
8
8

2
*

6
1
*

20
20

8
8

14
14

9
9

6

5
4

12
8

.

-

-

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------— ------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------ — ------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

74

5.26
4.93
5.59
5.69

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------— — ----------------------

152
152

5.12
5.12

5.00
5.00

49
35

4.69
4.54

4.69
4.40

4.28- 5.00
4.19- 4.84

*

*

•

_

-

-

*

-

-

“

•

-

•

.

*

*

*

•

10
10

*

1
1
-

*

*

4

4.78- 5.47
4.78- 5.47

S TA TIO N A R Y ENGINEERS -------— ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

-

99

B O ILER TENDERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------- *

* Workers

were

distributed as follows:

25
25

3.63
3.63

3.54
3.54

5.70
4.97
5.70
6.70

3.18- 3.84
3.18- 3.84

-

.

_

•

•

-

“

-

*

*12
12

-

-

.

*

-

-

*

1
1

-

1
1

-

6 at $ 2 . 9 0 to $3 ; a n d 6 at $ 3 . 1 0 to $3 .2 0.

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.




7

•

-

6
6

4

2

6
6

5

_

.

•

,

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

•
»

-

-

39
39

•

1
1

3
3

1
-

.

•

.

•

-

52
52

-

-

52
52

32
32

5
5

26
26

5
5

7
7

•

•

144
144

27
25

114
119

“

8
8

4
4

49
49
*

23
3
20
16

10
10
8

27
27

14
14

13
13

2

4

2

7

2

5

4

-

4

32
21

30
30

9
9

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

•

m

*

*

2
2

*

*

•
-

•
•

-

-

-

14
14

*

1
1

.

32

-

-

•
.

-

18
16
2

11

2

11
11

6
•
6
6

2
2

T
-

-

-

-

-

2
-

2
2

1

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Greenville—
Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976
N um ber o f w ork ers

Hourly earnings 4

r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

$

t

1
S
5
s
$
i
S
2.20 2.40 2.60 2 .80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4 .00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 6.00 6.40 6 . 8 0

1 --------- "5 --------- 1 --------- T

O c c u p a t i o n a n d industry division
workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

S

S

i

s

s

T -------

7.20 7.60

and
under

2.40 2,60 2.80 3 »Q0 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4 .20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 6.00 6.4Q 6.80 7.20 7.60 8.00

ALL WORKERS

$
5.82
4.33
6.35
6.95

-

-

3

36

17
3
14

5.50

$
3.793.793.895.06-

*

*

-

2.94
3.09
2.89

3.00
3.20
3.00

2.75- 3.14
3.02- 3.21
2.63- 3.00

3

8

-

-

3

3

223
57
166

4.46
3.37
4.84

3.94
3.15
5.00

3.13- 5.00
3.04- 3.52
3.57- 5.13

TR U CK D R IVE R S . HEAVY TRUCK
(T R A IL E R ) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------

744
301
443
261

5.32
4.67
5.77
5.82

5.50
4.43
5.82
5.50

4.433.795.065.06-

TR U C K D R IV E R S . HEAVY TRUCK
(OTH ER THAN T R A IL E R ) ----------------

419

4.18

3.79

3.79- 5.50

S H IP P IN G CLERKS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

44
39

3.95
4.03

3.89
4.00

3.54- 4.38
3.75- 4.38

-

R E C E IV IN G CLERKS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------- -----------

134
74
60

3.75
3.85
3.64

3.72
4.00
3.33

3.17- 4.05
3.50“ 4.06
2.90- 4.00

-

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G CLERKS MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

43
43

4.00
4.00

3.90
3.90

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------- --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------ ---------------------

256
232

3.78
3.67

ORDER F IL L E R S ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

348
86
262

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R S ---------------- --------------- -----------MANUFACTURING ------------ ------- -------------------------

$

$

.

1*485
624
861
414

4.71
4.14
5.12
5.88

5.00
3.79

99
28
71

TRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM TRUCK
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------ ---------

TR UCKDR IVERS ----------------- ---------------—
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------------TR U C K D R IV E R S . L IG H T TRUCK •
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

5 .5 q

3

25

18
8
10
-

116
33
83

17
3
14

4
4

42
4
38

24
17
7

-

-

4
4

38
29
9

6
4
2

18
6
12

15
9
6

13
3
10

13
13
*

71
71
•

-

72
21
51
*

31
19
12
-

-

25

*

3
3
*

•
”

*

*

27
27
*

-

-

-

10

36

15

-

-

-

-

•

2
2

-

2
2

7
2

•
-

3
3
*

8
•
8

14
2
12

10
8
2

3.46- 4.28
3.46- 4.28

.

-

•

.

*

-

-

3.71
3.71

3.43- 3.95
3.43- 3.95

.

-

-

2
*

-

4
-

3.23
3.41
3.17

3.10
3.49
3.00

2.50- 4.00
2.50- 3.83
2.47- 4.00

26
26

39
24
65

14
14

22
22

216
207

3.24
3.26

3.37
3.37

2.78- 3.54
2.78- 3.54

.

-

16
14

42
40

M A TER IAL HANDLING LABORERS -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

549
374
175

3.49
3.11
4.29

3.25
3.09
4.30

2.93- 3.75
2.93- 3.39
3.75- 5.00

5
5
-

33
31
2

F O R K L JF T OPERATORS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------ --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

866
757
109

3.57
3.55
3.71

3.51
3.51
3.75

3.24- 3.85
3.23- 3.82
3.25- 4.25

•

10
10
*

POWf -TR U C K OPERATORS (OTHER
THAN F O R K L I F T ) ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

71
71

3.44
3.44

3.51
3.51

3.25- 3.62
3.25- 3.62

-

*

*

25
21
4
•

1

-

12
12

40
40

-

-

•
•
•

-

-

-

-

198
12
186
128

2

158

2

158
156

-

-

.

158
102
56
-

100

•»
•
•

96

-

96
96

-

100
1

-

*
•
-

33
•

33
33

.
-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

58

2

2

*

-

58

2

2

.

-

140
12
128
128

4

•

*

32
32
*

21
21

12
12

-

-

“

40
40
*

232

6

-

-

-

-

8
8

4
4

5
5

11
11

11
2
9

10
5
5

14
12
2

4
4
-

35
27
8

6
6

5
5

2
2

4
4

9
9

-

-

8

8

33
33

70
70

39
39

43
43

3b
36

32
4
26

8
8

22
20
2

36
9
27

10
8
2

58
20
38

15
10

17
17

27
27

48
48

31
31

1
1

33
26
7

83
73
10

100
94
6

54
52
2

85
78
7

27
8
19

12
7
5

27
27

6

-

2

22
18
4

35
31
4

90
86
4

181
151
30

190
180
10

43
40
3

100
96
4

93
71
22

47
29
18

42
35
7

10
10
*

12
12

12
12

23
23

24
24

-

5
2
3

-

-

33
33

•
.

*

*

-

*

•
*

96
96
96

•
*

19
19

See footnotes at end of tables.




318
312
6
-

52
41
11
1

•
-

6.35
5.93
6.35
6.95

-

36

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
5
2

1
1
-

4
1
3

4

9
9

2
2

-

-

-

3
3

-

23
1
22

-

•

2

4

1
1

3

100
100
1

-

-

-

2

1

2

1

2
2

153
100
53
-

-

2

3
3

•

-

-

-

2

.

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

11

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

2

4
4
2

-

•
-

-

120

5
5

-

6

36
36
-

-

8

36
-

-

-

-

-

8

74
74

8

2
d

•

8
-

-

-

-

1

•

1
-

-

*

*

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Greenville—
Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976— Continued
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s rece iv in g stra ig ht -t im e h o u r l y e a rn in gs of -----

H o u rly earnings 4

M ea n 2

M e d ia n 2

3.40

3.60

3.60

3.80

4.00

2 .6 0

2.80

2.60

2.60

3.00

3.20

3.40

49

*

S

s

S

s

S

S

i

S

%

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

s.oo

5.20

5.40

5.60

6.00

6.40

6.60

7.20

7.60

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.60

!?,Q0 5 . 2 0

5.40

5,60

6.00

6.40

6.80

7.20

7.60

8.00

*

*

*

1

.

•

_

1

2

63

and
under
2.40

S

1

1 ---------

1

M id d le range 2

5

5

3.20

2.4o

—
3.00

i

o

2.20

S

CO
•

O c c u p a t i o n a n d industry division

T ---------- 1 ---------- ■j—

4.00

**

S

N um be r
of

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$

$

$

$

201

GUARDS!

WATCHMEN!
17

112

JANITORS# PORTERS# AND CLEANERS

--------

1.220
694

2.77

2.74

2.36-

3.07

316

271
110

12
115

162

13

148

143

14

23

14

1

5

4

-

-

1

S e e footnotes at en d of tables.




9

1

-

-




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers.
by sex, in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976
Sex,

3

N um be r
of
w oike rs

occupation, a n d in du st ry division

A ve ra g e
(m e a n 2 )
h o u rly
ea rn in g s4

Sex, 3 occupation, a n d in d u st ry division

MA IN TE NA NC E, TOOLROOM, AND
P O WE RP LA NT OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN

ma t e r i a l

mo v e m e n t

OCCUPATIONS

-

and

N um be r
of
w oike rs

A ve ra g e
(m e a n 2 )
h o u rly
ea rn in g s4

cu s t o d i a l

MEN— CONTINUED
$

*87
MAINTENANCE

ELECTRICIANS

----------------------------

4.38

322
314

4.90
4.91

319

4.87

598
596

4.76
4.76

200
10 1
99

5.26
4.93
5.59
5.69

152
152

5.12
5.12

49
35

4.69
4.54

25
25

3.63

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

MAINTENANCE

(MACHINERY)

me c h a n i c s

-

U K U t”

---------------------------------------- -----------

232

r l^ l.u K d

M A I N I LNANCt. Hb»nANlv<<)

ma t e r i a l

mo v e m e n t

3,81

and

nA nU r

A v 1U K

r U K I> L 1 r 1

Ur

1,485
624
861
414

4.71
4.14

3.37
4.84

744

LKA

" ■

1U K 3

■■ ■■■

B B BBB

■■■

AND

OPERATORS

WATCHMEN

(OTHER

-------------------------------------------

1.008

2.89

57
166

lo lu

3.55

GUARDS

cu st odi al

ut i l i t i e s

3*41

POWER-TRUCK

71

pu bl ic

3.77
3.67

2,58

5.32

5.88

• -» «

n aA' U i A v 1U K 1
Ii
WATCHMENI

3,23
_

_

TRUL

TRUCKORIVERS.

NUNM ANUr

AL

HEAVY

1U K in iu

2.84
3,01

MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS

AND CU STODIAL
- WOMEN

TRUCK

5.77

—

261
TRUCKDRIVERS*

HEAVY

TRUCK
JANITORS.

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.

10

PORTERS.

AND

CLEANERS

----

349

2,60




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts, in
Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1975 to June 1976
I n du st ry a n d oc cu pa ti on al g r o u p
( m e n and w o m e n combined)

J u n e 1 9 7 5 to J u n e 19 76

All industries:
Office c l er ic al____________________
_______________________
— ..
Elec tr on ic d a ta p r o c e s s i n g ______ _______________________________
Industrial n u r s e s __________________________________________________
Skilled m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s ______ _______________________________
Unsk il le d plant w o r k e r s _________ __________________________________

7 .9
7 .6
9 .3
1 0 .3
8.6

Manufacturing:
Office cl er ic al_______________________________________________________
E l ec tr on ic da ta p r o c e s s i n g ________________ ____________________
Industrial n u r s e s ___ _____________________
_______________
Skilled m a i n t e n a n c e tr a d e s . . ___________________________________
Unskilled plant w o r k e r s ________________________
_______________

8.8
7.4
9.3
10.4
9.4

Nonmanufacturing:
Office cl er ic al_______________________________________________________
Elec tr on ic da ta p r o c e s s i n g ________________________________________
Industrial n u r s e s ____________________________________________________
__________________ . .
Skilled m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s _____________
Un skilled plant w o r k e r s ____ ________ ___________ _ ______________

6.7
*
*
*
6.6

*

D a t a d o not m e e t

publication criteria.

11

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976
I n e x p e r i e n c e d typists

M i n i m u m w e e k l y straig ht -t im e s a l a r y 4

B a s e d o n standard w e e k l y ho ur s 6 o -

All
industries
All
schedules

es t a b l i s h m e n t s

es t a b l i s h m e n t s

st u d i e d

ha v i n g

a

---------------

580.00

580.00
582.50
585.00
587.50
590.00
592.50
595.00
597.50

AN D
AND
AN D
AND
AN D
AN D
AND
AN D

5100.00
S l o b . 00
5110.00
5115.00
5120.00
5125.00
5130.00
5135.00
5180.00
5145.00
$150.03

AN D
AN D
AN D
AN D
AN D
AN D
AN D
AND
AN D
AND
AND

40

All
sc he d u l e s

Manufacturing

All
sc he d u l e s

40

N o n m a n u f a c t u r ing

B a s e d o n st a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 6 o

All

40

—

All
schedules

40

165

98

XXX

67

XXX

165

98

XXX

67

XXX

30

22

22

8

6

57

34

34

23

15

1
1
4
2

1
2
1
4
1
1
3

4
1
1
2

11
11

6
1

2
-

-

1

1
1
-

-

1

1

sp e c i f i e d

M I N I M U M — --------- ----------— ---- -------UNDER

O t h e r i n e x p e r i e n c e d clerical w o r k e r s 5
Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

---------------------------5 8 2 . 5 0 -------------5 8 5 . 0 0 -------------5 8 7 . 5 0 -------------5 9 0 . 0 0 --------- ---5 9 2 . 5 0 -------------5 9 5 . 0 0 — --------5 9 7 . 5 0 -------- -—
5 1 0 0 . 0 0 -----------

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
U.-DER
Un DER
UNDER

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER

5 1 0 5 . 0 0 --- -----5 1 1 0 . 0 0 --- -----5 1 1 5 . 0 0 ---------5 1 2 0 . 0 0 ---------5 1 2 5 . 0 0 --------5 1 3 0 . 0 0 -----— —
5 1 3 5 . 0 0 -----— —
U N D E k 5 1 4 0 . 0 0 — ----- —
U N D E R 5 1 4 5 . 3 0 ----------U N D E R 5 1 5 0 . 0 0 ----------O Y E R -----------------------

1
1
1
1
1
12
5
3
1
1
1
-

1
1

•
1
1

•
-

•
1

1

-

-

1

•

•
•

1
-

-

1
•

5
2
5
5

1
1
4
2

17
12
2
-

11
11
2

2
1
_
-

1
•
-

2

-

1
1
-

1
-

1

-

11
5
2
1
•
-

11
5
2
1
-

1
-

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

-

1
1
-

1

1

1
1

1
-

1
-

1

1
-

-

•

1
1

-

-

-

4

1

I

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING n o s p e c i f i e d
M I N I M U M ----------------------------- --------

15

8

XXX

7

XXX

62

35

XXX

27

XXX

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S W H I C H DI O NOT E M P L O Y
W O R K E R S IN T H I S C A T E G O R Y ------------

180

68

XXX

52

XXX

46

29

XXX

17

XXX

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.




12




Table B-2. Late shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing
plant workers in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976
(All full-time m a n u f a c t u r i n g plant w o r k e rs = 100 percent)
W o r k e r s o n late shifts

All w o r k e r s 7
Item
S e c o n d shift

PERCENT
IN

ESTABLISHMENTS

WITH

OF

UNIFORM
UNIFORM

PAY

S e c o n d shift

T h i r d shift

WORKERS

LATE

SHIFT

PROVISIONS

------

W I T H N O P A T D I F F E R E N T I A L F O R L A T E S H I F T W O R K -----W I T H P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L F O R L A T E S H I F T W O R K ----------U N I F O R M L E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L ---------------U N I F O R M P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ---------------------O T H E R D I F F E R E N T I A L ---------------------------------------AVERAGE

T h i r d shift

89.7

84.6

21.8

16.8

48. 1
41.7
36.6
5.0
-

9.0
75.6
70.2
5.3
*

13.2
8.6
7.7
.9
-

2.4
14.4
13.9
.5

12.3
9.2

10.4
8.7

11.6
9.7

8.2
7.5

2.7
1. 5
3.2
11.4
.5
1.3
11.6
3.5
.9

36.3
2.7
.4
1.1
2.3
.5
3.0
11.5
9.8
.9
1.7

.8
.4
.ft
2.5
.2
.4
1.7

9.4

-

.9
1.4
1.2
”

1 .0
.7
3.6

.1
.8

.2
(9)
.2

*

DIFFERENTIAL

C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L ------------------P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ------------------------P E R C E N T OF W O R K E R S BY TY PE AN D
A M O U N T OF P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L

UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR:
S C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------7 C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------f C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------t
10 C E N T S -------------------------------------------------11 C E N T S -------------------------------------------------12 C E n T S -------------------------------------------------13 C E N T S -------------------------------------------------1A C E N T S -------------------------------------------------15 C E N T S -------------------------------------------------20 C E N T S ------------------------------------------------- 2 4 C E n T S -------------------------------------------------2 5 C E n T S -------------------------------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE:
5 P E R C E N T ------------------------------------------------7 A N D U N D E R 8 P E R C E N T -------------------------------10 P E R C E N T -----------------------------------------------

1.5
3.6

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.

13

.5
.1
.2
.3

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976
Pl a n t w o r k e r s

Office w o r k e r s

Item
All industries

P E R C E N T OF W O R K E R S BY
WEEKLY HOURS AND
ALL

FULL-TIME

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Pu b l i c utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

P u b l i c utilities

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

100

-

1
2
-

_
.

(10)
A
3
1
(10)
2
2
7
1

(10)
1

SCHEDULED
DAYS

WORKERS

---------------

100

2 0 H O U R S - 5 O A Y S ---------------------------3 2 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ---------------------------3 A H O U R S - A O A Y S ---------------------------3 5 H O U R S -------------------------------------A 1 / 2 D A Y S ------------------------------5 D A Y S -----------------------------------3 6 H O U R S - 5 O A Y S ---------------------------3 6 1 / 2 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ---------------------3 7 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ---------------------------3 7 1 / 2 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ---------------------3 8 H U U R S - 5 O A Y S ----- ---------------------3 8 1 / 2 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ---------------------3 8 3 / A H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ---------------------A O H O U R S -------------------------------------a d a y s --------------—
— - — - — -----A 1 / 2 D A Y S ------------------------------5 D A Y S -----------------------------------6 D A Y S -----------------------------------A 2 H O U R S - 5 1 / 2 O A Y S ---------------------A 2 1 / 2 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ---------------------AA H O U R S -------------------------------------5 1 / 2 D A Y S ------------------------------6 d a y s -----------------------------------A 5 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S ---------------------------A6 H O U R S --------------- ---------------------5 1 / 2 D A Y S ------------------------------6 O A Y S -----------------------------------A 8 H O U R S -------------------------------------S O A Y S ------------- ---------------------6 D A Y S -----------------------------------5 0 H O U P S ------------------ ------------------5 O A Y S -----------------------------------5 1 / 2 D A Y S -------------------------------

(10)
(10)
(10)
1
1

(10)
1
.

1
-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
(10)
(10)
-

_

-

-

2
.
-

do)
2
1
-

•
-

60
1
3
56
(10)
-

60
1
A
56
.

60
-

7A
•
.

59
1
-

7A
•

2
1
1
2A
1
1
3
-

8
-

(10)
1
1
(10)
6
1
1
(10)
26

A
23
(10)
(10)
(10)

1
1
(10)
3
1
1
(10)
31
4
27
-

•

(10)
82
2
79
(10)
1
1
(10)
(10)

1

1

.
98
_
A
9A
•
(10)
(10)
•

6

•
8
7
1
1
5
5
1A
2
1
62
•
61
(10)
1
2
-

13
6
7

•

-

-

3
3
1
1

•
•
-

-

-

A 1.3

Al.B

39.5

39.9

38.9

-

-

3A
58
58
8
•
-

-

A2.7

•
-

.
•

.
•
-

ALL

WEEKLY

WORK

SCHEDULES

-------------

rj
\

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS

S e e footnote at e n d of tables.




14

39.3

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976
Plant w o r k e r s

Office w o r k e r s

Item
All industries

pe rc ent

FULL-TIME

of

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Pu b l i c utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

Nonmanufacturing

Pu b l i c utilities

wo rk ers

WORKERS

100

100

---------------

10 0

10 0

IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S n o t p r o v i d i n g
P A I D H O L I D A Y S ---------------------------IN e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
P A I D H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------

2

(10)

11

-

1

(10)

1

*

98

99

89

10 0

99

99

99

10 0

6.4

6.5

5.9

8.6

7.0

7.5

6.4

8.5

4
4
3
29
16
12
-

4
1
4
29
16
14
-

-

6
15
7
1
(10)

7
17
6
1
-

3
15
1
31
13
4
2
8
10
1
1

1
1
2
25
22
7
(10)
10
22
8
2
(10)

1
(10)
3
14
16
11
8
33
9
2
*

(10)
2
1
37
30
1
(10)
12
7
7
1
(10)

*
8
*
11
6
"
10
23
42
*

98
94
90
87
58
42
29
23
8
1

99
96
94
91
62
45
31
24
7
1

89
86
70
69
38
26
22
19
12
2

99
98
97
95
70
48
41
32
10
2

99
98
98
94
80
64
52
44
11
2

99
98
97
95
58
29
28
16
8
2

10 0
10 0
10 0
92
92
82
76
65
42

all

AVERAGE

NUMBER

FOR WORKERS
PROVIDING

OF

PAID

HOLIDAYS

IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S
H O L I D A Y S ---------------------

P E R C E N T OF W O R K E R S BY N U M B E R
OF P A I D H O L I D A Y S P R O V I D E D
2
3
4
5
6
7

H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------P L U S 4 h a l f O A Y S ---------------------8 H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------9 H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------10 H O L I D A Y S --------------------------------11 H O L I D A Y S --------------------------------1 2 H O L I O A Y S --------------------------------P E RC EN T OF WO RK ER S
PAID HOLIDAY TIME

7
8
13
5
16
50
-

BY T O T A L
PROVIDED1
1

2 D A Y S O H M O R E ----------------------------3 D A Y S O R M O R E ----------------------------4 D A Y S O R M O R E ----------------------------5 O A Y S O R M O R F ----------------------------6 D A Y S O R M O R E --------- ---------- -------7 D A Y S O R M O R E --------- — — ----- — ----9 D A Y S O R M O R E ------ ------------------- —
9 D A Y S O R M O R E ----------------------------10 O A Y S O R M O R E ---------------------------1 1 D A Y S O R M O R E --------- -------- ----- ----

100
10 0
100
93
93
85
71
66
50

S e e footnotes at en d of tables.




15

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976
Office w o r k e r s

Pl a n t w o r k e r s
Item
All industries

PERCENT

OF

Pu b l i c utilities

---------------

10 0

100

1

1

3

99
AO
58
(10)

99
28
71
(10)

6 MO N T H S OF SE RV IC E*
U N D E R 1 W E E K ------------------- ----1 W E E K ---------------------------------O V E R 1 A N D U N D E R 2 W E E K S --------

33
8
1

35
6
-

1 YEAR OF SERVICE*
U N D E R 1 W E E K ------------------------1 W E E K --------------------------------O V E R 1 A N D U N D E R 2 W E E K S -------2 w e e k s -------------------------------O V E R 2 A N D U N D E R 3 W E E K S -------3 W E E K S --------------------------------

1
83
1
12
(10)
1

1
87
1
9

2 YEARS OF SERVICE*
U N D E R 1 W E E K ------------------------1 W E E K --------------------------------O V E R 1 A N D U N D E R 2 W E E K S -------2 W E E K S -------------------------------O V E R 2 A N D U N D E R 3 W E E K S -------3 W E E K S -------------------------------3 YEARS OF SERVICE*
U N D E R 1 W E E K ------------------------1 W E E K --------------------------------O V E R I A N D U N D E R 2 W E E K S -------2 W E E K S -------------------------------O V E R 2 A N D U N D E R 3 W E E K S -------3 W E E K S --------------------------------

i me

PAID

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

P u b l i c utilities

WORKERS

WORKERS

100

f u l l

e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

IN

Nonmanufacturing

10 0

all

IN

-t

Manufacturing

not

VACATIONS

-------------------------PROVIDING
a id
v a c a t i o n s ------ -------------------l e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t -------------P E R C E N T A G E P A Y M E N T ------------------O T H E R P A Y M E N T --------------- ----- -----

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

-

1

(10)

1

-

97
96
1
*

10 0
9A
6
-

99
92
7
(10)

99
88
12
(10)

99
99
1
”

100
95
5
“

23
19
A

6
A0
3

10
59
6

8
58
7

12
59
A

5
A2
6

-

A5
-

26
(10)
70
3
(10)

28
1
71
(10)

2A

32
*
68
“

13
1
83
3
(10)

“
16
1
82
(10)

p r o v i d i n g

e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

p

AMOUNT

A

5

OF

PAID

VACATION

A F T E R * 12

67

-

55

2

28
2
“

1
67
1
27
1
1

1
73
2
20
1
2

39
57
2
*

23

1
A9
6
AO
1
2

1
57
7
31
1
2

IS
80
2

YEARS OF SERVICE*
U N D E R 1 W E E K ------------------------1 W E E K --------------------------------O V E R 1 A N D U N D E R 2 W E E K S -------2 W E E K S -------------------------------O V E R 2 A N D U N D E R 3 W E E K S -------3 W E E K S --------------------------------

1
A7
A
AA
1
2

1
5A
5
35
1
2

15
“
80
2

YE AR S OF SERVICE*
U N D E R 1 W E E K ------------------------1 W E E K --------------------------------O V E R I A N D U N D E R 2 W E E K S -------2 W E E K S -------------------------------O V E R 2 A N D U N D E R 3 W E E K S -------3 WEEKS —
—
—
—
—— — —
—
O V E R 3 A N D U N O E R A W E E K S --------

1
A
(10)
79
3
11
(10)

1
3
-

-

80
3
13

*

-

-

-

77
-

6

-

9A

-

-

6
9A

-

9
2
76

95

t

-

4

5

(10)

“

S e e footnotes at e n d of table.




16

7
(10)
89
3
(10)

9
1
89
(10)

68
7
*

“
9
1
83
7

"
5
3o
7
”

'

15
•
85

~
5
*
95
*

7
(10)
85
5
2

9
1
83
3
A

*
5
“
88

5
*
^5

7

•

1
(10)
70
6
21
(10)

1

•
2
1
83
9
5
(10)

60
A
3A

"
“
•
98
“
2

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976— Continued
P lan t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A ll in d u strie s

amount of p a i d
CONTINUED

10

va c at io n

after

M an u factu rin g

A
58
3
26
(10)
7
1

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
U N D E R 1 W E E K --------------1 W E E K -----------------------2 W E E K S ---------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 W E E K S ---------------------OV ER 3 AND UN DE R A WEEKS
A W E E K S ---------------------OV ER A AND UN DE R 5 WEEKS

1
A
56
3
27
(10)
7
1

1
3
58
3
26

15 Y E A R S O F S E R V I C E :
U N D E R 1 W E E K --------------1 W E E K -----------------------2 W E E K S ---------------------O V ER 2 ANU UN DE R 3 WEEKS
3 W E E K S ---------------------OVER 3 ANU UNDER A WEEKS
A W E E K S ---------------------OVER 5 ANU UNDER 6 WEEKS

1
A
26
1
51
1
1A
1

1
3
22

YE AR S OF SERVICE:
U N D E R I W E E K --------------1 W E E K -----------------------2 W E E K S ----------------------OV ER 2 AND UN D F R 3 WEEKS
3 W E E K S ----------------------o v er
3 and under a weeks
A W E E K S ----------------------5
W E E K S --------------------7 W E E K S -----------------------

1
A
25
1
A6
(10)
16
5
1

1
3
21
1
53

YE A R S OF SERVICE:
U N D E R 1 W E E K ---------------1 W E E K -----------------------2 W E E K S ----------------------OV ER 2 AND U N DE R 3 WEEKS
3 W E E K S ----------------------OV ER 3 AND U N DE R A WEEKS
A W E E K S ----------------------5 W E E K S ----------------------6 W E E K S ----------------------7 W E E K S -----------------------

1
A
25
1
A2
(10)
16
9
(10)
1

1
3
21
1
A8

20

25

i

1
3
59
3
2A

A ll in d u strie s

M an u factu rin g

N onm anufacturing

8
1

8
1

1
58

13
1

1A
5
1

16
8

i

-

i

i

51
2
3A
(10)
1

26

27
2
59
(10)
10

28
2
5A
15

2
26
2
67
(10)
3

“

“

*

1
27
2
56
(10)
13

1
28
2
A8
21

2
26
2
67
(10)
3

*

•

*

1
16
1
53
(10)
28

1
13
2
A7

-

7A
-

-

P u b lic u tilitie s

-

18

82

*

.
9

-

51
2
39
(10)
1

26
-

7A

“

-

_
9
AA
1
23
3
18

-

18

-

82

*

-

-

-

31

50

_
-

9
AA
1
15
(10)
2A
A

37

2
19
(10)
60
1
17

A2
AA

*

18

*

*

1
12
2
3A

75
7

*

•

57
17

1
15
1
29
(10)
A7
6

A2
9

2
19
(10)
22
(10)
53
2

“

*

*

“

1
15
1
27
(10)
37
17
(10)

1
12
2
31

2
19
(10)
22
(10)
A3
12
(10)

18

8

-

_

_
9
AA
1
15
(10)
13
1A
1

-

18

8

19
51
5

1

S e e footnotes at en d of table.




P u b lic u tilitie s

12

Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E :
U N D E R 1 W E E K --------------1 W E E K -----------------------2 W E E K S ---------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 W E E K S ---------------------OVER 3 AND UNOF R A WEEKS
A W E E K S ---------------------OVER A AND UN DE R 5 WEEKS

12

N on m anufacturing

17

-

33
21

-

1A

-

.
1A

A

-

_
1A
A
30
50
2

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976— Continued
Pl a n t w o r k e r s
Item

am ou nt

of

p a id

va c a t i o n

All industries

af te r

Manufacturing

Office w o r k e r s

N o n m a n u f actur ing

Pu b l i c utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

N o n m anuf actur ing

P u b l i c utilities

12 -

CONTINUED

30

YE A R S OF SE R V I C E : *
U N D E R 1 W E E K ------------------------I W E E K --------------------------------2 W E E K S ------------ ----- -------------O V E R 2 A N D U N D E R 3 W E E K S — ----3 W E E K S -------------------------------O V E R 3 A N D U N D E R 4 W E E K S -------4 W E E K S -------------------------------5 WEEKS
6 W E E K S -------------------------------7 W E E K S --------------------------------

*

Estimates

1
4
25
1
42
(10)
15
7
2
1

1
3
21
1
48
16
5
2
1

9
44
i
15
(10)
11
17
1

18
8
6
63
5

of pr o v i s i o n s for lo ng er p e r i o d s of se r v i c e a r e identical.

S e e footnotes at e n d of table.




18

i
15
1
27
(10)
36
16
2

1
12
2
31
33
17
4

•
2
19
(10)
22
(10)
39
15
(10>

14

10
70
2

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976
Office w o r k e r s

Pl an t w o r k e r s
Item

PERCENT
ALL

OF

FULL-TIME

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Pu b l i c utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Pu b l i c utilities

10 0

10 0

WORKERS

WORKERS

---------------

10 0

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

IN e s t a b l i s h m e n t s P R O V I D I N G AT
LE AS T ONE OF THE BE NE FI TS
S H O W N B E L O W 13--------------------------------

99

99

98

10 0

99

99

99

100

L I F E I N S U R A N C E --------- ------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ----------------

98
52

99
52

94
48

10 0
78

99
53

99
66

97
37

100
73

ACCI DE NT AL DE AT H ANO
D I S M E M B E R M E N T I N S U R A N C E --------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S — ----— -------

68
41

67
41

7-2
40

80
78

71
43

65
46

78
39

87
84

SICKNESS
OR SICK

73

74

68

80

71

80

60

67

63
28

69
32

36
9

25
17

32
20

45
27

15
11

11
7

AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
L E A V E O R B O T H 14----------------

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
I N S U R A N C E -------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ------------sick le av e
(F u l l p a y a n d n o
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) ----------------------S I C K L E A V E (P AR T I A L PA Y OR
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) ----------------------

7

2

29

23

47

50

44

24

6

4

12

37

13

15

10

36

LONG-TERM DISABILITY
I N S U R A N C E --------------------------- -----N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S -------- — -----

12
4

9
2

27
11

42
40

42
17

33
12

52
22

48
46

----------------------------

97
50

98
51

95
45

10 0
91

99
50

99
54

99
45

100
93

pl an s

--------------------------------------

97
50

98
51

95
45

10 0
91

99
50

99
54

99
45

10 0
93

----------------------------------------

87
41

86
41

89
43

98
91

96
48

97
50

96
44

97
93

-------------------------------

91
45

91
45

93
43

10 0
91

99
49

99
50

99
47

10 0
93

-------------------------pl an s
----------------

5
4

4
4

11
7

30
30

8
5

6
6

11
3

17
17

70
65

76
69

46
42

87
87

64
76

89
77

79
75

89
89

ho s p i t a l i z a t i o n

insurance

no n c o n t r i b u t o r y

pl an s

SURGICAL INSURANCE
NONCONTRIBUTORY
MEOICAL

in su ran ce

n o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
m a jo r

me d i c a l

pl an s

in su ran ce

n o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
de nt al

in su ran ce

n o n c o n t r i b u t o r y

RETIREMENT

pl an s

PENSION

n o n c o n t r i b u t o r y

---------------- ---------------------

pl an s

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.




19

Footnotes
A ll o f th e se stan dard fo o tn o te s m a y not apply to this b u lletin .

L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
11
A ll co m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount
are c o m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f
1 0 days in clu d es th ose w ith 10 fu ll days and no h a lf d a y s ,
9 fu ll days and
2 h alf d a y s , 8 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on . P r o p o r t io n s then w e r e
cu m u la ted.
12
In clu d es pa ym en ts oth e r than "len g th o f t i m e , " su ch as p e r ce n ta g e
o f annual ea rn in g s o r fla t-s u m p a y m en ts, c o n v e rte d to an equ iv alen t tim e
b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e are ch o s e n a r b it r a r ily and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e fle c t
in dividu al p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n ; fo r e x a m p le , ch a n g es in p r o p o r tio n s
at 10 y e a r s in clu d e ch a n ges b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s are cu m u ­
la tiv e .
T h us, the p r o p o r t io n e lig ib le fo r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a fter 10 y e a r s
in clu d es th ose e lig ib le fo r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a fter fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
13
E s tim a te s lis t e d a fter type o f b e n e fit a re f o r all plans fo r w hich
at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b orn e by the e m p lo y e r .
"N o n c o n trib u to r y
p la n s " in clu d e on ly th o se fin a n ced e n tir e ly b y the e m p lo y e r .
E x clu ded
are le g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s, su ch as w o r k e r s d is a b ilit y co m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l
s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
14
U n du plicated toteil o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and
a ccid e n t in su ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e plans are lim ite d to
th ose w hich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n um ber o f d a y s ' pay
that each e m p lo y e e can e x p e ct.
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llow a n ces d eterm in ed
on an in div idu al b a s is are e x clu d ed .
9

10

1
Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g ­
u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ), and the ea rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th ese w eek ly
h ou rs.
2
T h e m ea n is com p u ted f o r ea ch jo b by totalling the ea rn in g s o f all
w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n um ber o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ian d e s ig n a te s
p o s itio n — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e iv e m o r e and h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the
ra te sh ow n.
The m id d le ran ge is d efin ed by two ra te s o f pay: a fou rth o f
the w o r k e r s ea rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th ese ra te s and a fou rth earn m o r e
than the h ig h er r a te .
3
E a rn in g s data re la te on ly to w o r k e r s w h ose s e x id e n tifica tio n w as
p r o v id e d by the e sta b lis h m e n t.
4
E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s,
h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts .
*
F o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -tim e h irin g s a la r ie s
that a re paid f o r stan dard w o rk w e e k s .
6
E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
7
D ata are p r e s e n te d fo r all stan dard w ork w eek s co m b in e d , and fo r
the m o s t c o m m o n stan dard w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .
8
In cludes all plant w o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly op era tin g
la te s h ifts, and e sta b lis h m e n ts w h ose fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r la te sh ifts,
even though the e sta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n tly op era tin g late s h ifts.




20

Appendix A
A r e a w age and re la te d b e n e fits data a re obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s
o f B u reau fie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 In each o f the in te r v e n ­
ing y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p loy m en t and o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in gs is c o lle c t e d
by a com bin a tion o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ir e , and telep h on e in t e r ­
v ie w fr o m e sta b lish m e n ts p a rticip a tin g in the p r e v io u s su rv e y .

all in d u str ie s co m b in e d . E a rn in gs data fo r so m e o f the occu p a tio n s lis te d and
d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r so m e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ithin the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , are
not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) em p loym en t in the
occu p a tio n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e se n ta tio n , o r (2)
th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in dividu al esta b lish m en t data. S ep arate
m e n 's and w o m e n 's ea rn in g s data a re not p r e s e n te d when the n u m ber o f
w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d by se x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w om en
id e n tifie d in an o c cu p a tio n . E a rn in gs data not show n s e p a ra te ly f o r in d u stry
d iv is io n s a re in clu d e d in data fo r a ll in d u s tr ie s com b in ed .
L ik e w is e , data
a re in clu d ed in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n when a s u b c la s s ific a tio n o f e l e c ­
t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r tr u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n
to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .

In ea ch o f the 8 4 2 a re a s cu r re n tly su r v e y e d , data a re obtain ed
fr o m r e p re s e n ta tiv e e sta b lish m e n ts w ithin six b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s :
M an u factu rin g; tr a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth e r p u b lic u tilitie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and
s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u stry grou p s e x clu d ed fr o m th e s e stud ies a re g overn m en t
o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E sta b lish m en ts
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a re om itted b e c a u s e o f
in s u ffic ie n t em p loym en t in the occu p a tio n s stu d ied. S ep arate ta bu la tion s are
p r o v id e d fo r ea ch o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m eet p u b lica tion
c r it e r ia .

O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t and ea rn in g s data are shown fo r fu ll-tim e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ir e d to w ork a r e g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le. E a rn in gs data
e x clu d e p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
late s h ifts. N on p rod u ction b on u ses a re e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - li v i n g a llow a n ces
and in cen tiv e b on u se s a re in clu d e d . W eek ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e c le r i c a l and
p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s r e fe r to the stan dard w orkw eek
(roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e re g u la r
s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r tim e at re g u la r a n d /o r
p r e m iu m r a te s ). A v e ra g e w eek ly ea rn in g s fo r th e se occu p a tio n s a re rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e se su r v e y s are con du cted on a sa m p le b a s is .
The sa m plin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v olv e d eta iled s t ra tifica tio n o f a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u al a re a su rv e y by in d u stry and n u m b er o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is s tr a tifie d u n iv erse a p r o b a b ility sa m p le is s e le c t e d , w ith ea ch
e sta b lish m en t having a p r e d e te r m in e d ch a n ce o f s e le c t io n . T o obtain op tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts is s e le c t e d . When data a re c o m b in e d , ea ch e sta b lish m en t is w eigh ted
a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c t io n , so that u nbiased e s tim a te s are
g e n e ra te d . F o r e x a m p le , if one out o f fo u r esta b lish m en ts is s e le c t e d , it is
given a w eigh t o f fo u r to r e p re s e n t it s e lf plus th ree o th e r s . An altern a te o f
the sa m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is ch osen in the sa m e in d u s t r y -s iz e c l a s s i f i ­
ca tion i f data a r e not a v a ila b le fr o m the o r ig in a l sa m p le m e m b e r . If no
su ita b le su bstitu te is a v a ila b le , ad dition a l w eigh t is a ssig n ed to a sa m p le
m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

T h e se su r v e y s m e a s u r e the le v e l o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s in An a re a
at a p a r t ic u la r tim e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u al occu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y not r e fle c t e x p e cte d w age ch a n g es.
The a v e ra g e s fo r in div idu al
jo b s a re a ffe c te d by changes in w a g es and em p loym en t p a ttern s. F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y ch a n ge,
o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad va n ce to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s . Such sh ifts in em p loy m en t cou ld d e c r e a s e an
o c cu p a tio n a l a v e ra g e even though m o s t e sta b lish m en ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e
w ages during the y e a r . Changes in ea rn in g s o f o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in
ta b le A - 7 , a re b e tte r in d ic a to r s o f w age tre n d s than a re ea rn in gs changes fo r
in d iv id u al jo b s w ithin the g ro u p s.

O ccu p a tion s and earn in g s
O ccu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study are c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f m anu ­
fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a re o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1)
O ffic e c le r i c a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m ,
and p ow erp la n t; and (4) m a te r ia l m ov em en t and c u s to d ia l. O ccu p a tion a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n iform set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to
take a ccou n t o f in te re sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n in duties w ithin the sa m e jo b .
O ccu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study are lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
U n less o th e r w is e in d ica te d , the earn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b title s a re fo r

A v e ra g e ea rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , area w id e e s tim a te s . In d u stries
and esta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b sta ffin g , and thus con trib u te
d iffe r e n tly to the e stim a te s f o r ea ch jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age d iffe r e n tia l am ong jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts.
A v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c t e d occu p a tio n s
sh ou ld not be a s su m e d to r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s w ithin
in div idu al e s ta b lis h m e n ts.
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s
in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d rate ran ges (on ly the ra te s paid
in cu m b en ts a re c o lle c t e d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific duties w ithin the
g e n e r a l su r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n s . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s
in th e se su r v e y s u su ally a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u sed in in dividu al
e sta b lis h m e n ts and a llow f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in
s p e c ific duties p e r fo r m e d .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
Ohio; Austin, Tex.; Binghamton, N. Y. —
Pa.; Birmingham, Ala.; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm
Beach—Boca Raton, Fla.; Lexington—
Fayette, Ky.; Melbourne—Titusville—Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. —N. C .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; Raleigh—
Durham, N .C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N.Y. ; Utica—Rome, N.Y. ; and Westchester County, N.Y. In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




21

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p loy m en t e stim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er actu a lly su r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c cu p a tio n a l str u c tu r e s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r , e stim a te s o f
o c cu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t ob ta in ed fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied. T h e se
d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru c tu re do not a ffe ct m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the ea rn in g s data.

P e r c e n t changes fo r in d iv id u al a r e a s in the p r o g r a m are com pu ted
as fo llo w s :
1.

E ach o c cu p a tio n is a s sig n e d a w eigh t b a se d on its p r o ­
p o rtio n a te em p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n a l grou p in the
b a se y e a r .

2.

T h e s e w eigh ts are u sed to com pu te g rou p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a t io n ’ s a v e ra g e (m ean) ea rn in g s is m u ltip lie d
by its w eigh t. The p r o d u cts a re to ta le d to obtain a grou p
average.

3.

T he ra tio o f g rou p a v e r a g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com p u ted b y d ividin g the a v e ra g e fo r the c u rre n t y e a r
by the a v e r a g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The resu lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t— le s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

W age tre n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l grou p s
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p r e s e n te d in ta b le A - 7 a re b a se d on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in g s f o r esta b lis h m e n ts re p o rtin g the tren d jo b s in both
the cu r re n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
The data are
a d ju sted to r e m o v e the e ffe c t on a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f em p loy m en t sh ifts
am ong esta b lis h m e n ts and tu r n o v e r o f e sta b lis h m e n ts in clu d ed in su r v e y
s a m p le s .
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a re s t ill a ffe c te d by fa c to r s
o th e r than w age in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe ct an
esta b lis h m e n t a v e ra g e fo r an o c cu p a tio n .when w o r k e r s a re paid u nder plans
p r o v id in g a ran ge o f w age ra tes f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h irin g , f o r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s en te r at the b o tto m o f the ra n g e,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e ra g e w ithout a change in w age r a te s .

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od u sed to com pu te
th e se w age t r e n d s , see "Im p r o v in g A r e a W age S u rvey I n d e x e s ," M onthly
L a b o r R e v ie w , Janu ary 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s

The p e r c e n t changes re la te to w age ch a n ges b etw een the in d ica ted
d a te s. W hen the tim e span b etw een su r v e y s is o th e r than 12 m on th s,
annual ra te s a re show n.
(It is a s su m e d that w a g es in c r e a s e at a constan t
rate b etw een s u r v e y s .)
O ccu p a tion s u sed to com p u te w age tre n d s a r e :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and
women"):

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n )—
C ontinued

S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g r a p h e rs , s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen g ers
O r d e r c le r k s , c la s s e s A
and B
A ccou n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B ookke eping -m a ch in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a ch in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B

C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C om p u ter sy s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B , and C




In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and
w o m e n ):
R e g is te r e d in d u stria l
n u rse s
S k illed m a in ten an ce (m en
and w o m e n ):
C a rp en ters
E le ct r ic ia n s
P a in te rs
M a ch in ists
M e ch a n ics (m a ch in ery )
M e ch a n ics (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and die m a k e rs

The in c id e n c e o f s e le c t e d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary
w age p r o v is io n s is stu d ied f o r plant w o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s .
P lant
w o r k e r s in clu d e n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s and w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s en gaged in
n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
(C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou te w o r k e r s a re ex clu d e d
in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in clu d e d in n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .)
O ffic e w o r k e r s in clu d e n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s and w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s
p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r re la te d fu n c tio n s.
L ead w o r k e r s and tr a in e e s are
in clu d ed am ong n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s and c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s u tiliz e d as sep a ra te w ork
f o r c e s a re e x clu d e d fr o m both the plant and o ffic e w o r k e r c a t e g o r ie s .
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s (table B - l ) . M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s
fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s re la te on ly to the e sta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . B e ca u se o f the
op tim u m sa m p lin g tech n iq u es u sed and the p r o b a b ilit y ' that la rg e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts a re m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts to have fo r m a l en tran ce
ra tes a b ove the s u b c le r ic a l le v e l, the ta b le is m o r e r e p re s e n ta tiv e o f p o lic ie s
in m e d iu m and la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls — m a n u factu rin g (ta ble B - 2 ) . Data w e re c o lle c te d
on p o li c ie s o f m a n u factu rin g esta b lis h m e n ts r e g a rd in g pay d iffe r e n tia ls fo r
plant w o r k e r s on la te s h ifts .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts c o n s id e r e d as having p o lic ie s
a re th o se w h ich (1) have p r o v is io n s in w ritin g c o v e r in g the o p e ra tio n o f late
s h ifts , o r (2) have o p e r a te d late sh ifts at any tim e during the 12 m onths
p r e c e d in g a s u rv e y .
W hen e sta b lis h m e n ts have s e v e r a l d iffe r e n tia ls w hich
v a r y b y jo b , the d iffe r e n tia l applying to the m a jo r it y o f the plant w o r k e r s is
r e c o r d e d . W hen e sta b lis h m e n ts have d iffe r e n t ia ls w h ich apply on ly to certa in
h ou rs o f w o rk , the d iffe r e n tia l applying to the m a jo r it y o f the shift h ou rs is
record ed .

U n sk illed plant (m en and
w o m e n ):

F o r p u rp o s e s o f th is study, a la te sh ift is e ith e r a se c o n d (even in g)
sh ift w h ich ends at o r n e a r m idnigh t o r a th ird (night) sh ift w hich sta rts at o r
n ea r m idnigh t.

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a te r ia l handling la b o r e r s

D iffe re n tia ls fo r s e c o n d and th ird sh ifts a re s u m m a r iz e d se p a r a te ly
fo r (1) esta b lis h m e n t p o li c ie s (an e s t a b lis h m e n t's d iffe r e n tia ls are w eigh ted by

22

a ll plant w o r k e r s in the esta b lish m en t at the tim e o f the s u r v e y ) and (2)
e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e s (an e sta b lis h m e n t's d iffe r e n tia ls a re w eigh ted by plant
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su r v e y ).

w h ich the e m p lo y e r has co n trib u te d , o r (3) b o rn e d ir e c tly by the e m p lo y e r
out o f o p e ra tin g funds o r a fund set a sid e to c o v e r the c o s t.
A plan is
in clu d ed ev en though a m a jo r it y o f the e m p lo y e e s in an esta b lish m en t do not
c h o o s e to p a rticip a te in it b e c a u s e th ey a r e r e q u ire d to b e a r pa rt o f its c o st
(p r o v id e d the c h o ic e to p a rticip a te is a v a ila b le o r w ill even tu a lly b e c o m e
a v a ila b le to a m a jo r it y ). L e g a lly r e q u ir e d plans su ch as s o c ia l s e c u r it y , r a il­
road r e tir e m e n t, w o r k e r s ' d is a b ility co m p e n sa tio n , and te m p o r a r y d is a b ility
in s u r a n c e 3 are e x clu d e d .

S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ; pa id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h ea lth ,
in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s . P r o v is io n s w h ich ap ply to a m a jo r ity o f the
plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an esta b lis h m e n t a re c o n s id e r e d to apply to all
plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in the esta b lis h m e n t; a p r a c t ic e o r p r o v is io n is
c o n s id e r e d n on ex isten t w hen it a p p lies to le s s than a m a jo r ity .
H olid a y s;
v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n plans a r e c o n s id e r e d a p p lica b le
to e m p lo y e e s c u r re n tly e lig ib le fo r the b e n e fits as w e ll as to e m p lo y e e s who
w ill ev en tu a lly b e c o m e e lig ib le .

th rou gh

A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t is lim ite d to plains w hich
p r o v id e b e n e fit pa ym en ts in c a s e o f death o r lo s s o f lim b o r sight as a
d ir e c t r e s u lt o f an a c c id e n t.

S ch edu led w eek ly h ou rs and days (table B - 3 ) . S ch ed u led w eek ly
h ou rs and days r e fe r to the n u m b er o f h ou rs and days p e r w eek w h ich fu ll­
tim e fir s t (day) sh ift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e cte d to w o r k , w h eth er paid fo r at
s t r a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .

S ick n e ss and a ccid e n t in su r a n ce in clu d es on ly th ose plams w h ich
p r o v id e that p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh paym en ts be m ade d ir e c t ly to e m p lo y e e s
who lo s e tim e fr o m w ork b e c a u s e o f illn e s s o r in ju ry , e .g ., $ 50 a w eek fo r
up to 26 w eek s o f d is a b ility .

P a id h olid a y s (table B - 4 ) . H olid ays are in clu d ed on ly i f they
a re gra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is (p ro v id e d f o r in w ritten fo r m o r
e s ta b lis h e d b y c u stom ) and e m p lo y e e s a re p a id fo r the tim e o ff.
T h ey are
in clu d ed even though in a p a r t ic u la r y e a r th ey fa ll on a n onw orkd ay and
e m p lo y e e s are not gra n ted an oth er day o ff.

S ick le a v e plains a re lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 4 w hich p r o v id e fo r
continuing am e m p lo y e e 's pay during a b se n ce fr o m w ork b e c a u se o f illn e s s .
Data c o lle c t e d d istin g u ish betw een (1) plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay w ith no
w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans w hich e ith e r p r o v id e p a rtia l pay o r re q u ire a
w aitin g p e r io d .

Data a re tabu lated to show the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s who (1) are granted
s p e c ific n u m b ers o f w hole and h a lf h o lid a y s and (2) a re g ra n ted s p e c ifie d
am ounts o f to ta l h olid a y tim e (w hole and h a lf h olid a ys a re a g g reg a ted ).

L o n g -t e r m d is a b ility in su ra n ce plans p r o v id e paym en ts to tota lly
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the e x p ira tio n o f th e ir pa id s ick lea ve a n d /o r s i c k ­
n ess and a ccid e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a fte r a p r e d e te r m in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ility
(ty p ica lly 6 m on th s).
P a y m en ts a re m ade until the end o f the d is a b ility , a
m a xim u m a g e, o r e lig ib ilit y f o r re tir e m e n t b e n e fits .
F u ll o r p a rtia l p a y ­
m en ts a re a lm o st alw ays re d u ce d b y s o c ia l s e c u r it y , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ility
co m p e n sa tio n , and p r iv a te p en sion b en efits payable to the d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

P a id v a ca tion s (table B - 5 ) . E sta b lish m en ts re p o rt th e ir m eth od o f
ca lcu la tin g v a ca tio n pay (tim e b a s is , p e r ce n t o f annual e a r n in g s , fla t-s u m
p a y m en t, e t c .) and the am ount o f v a ca tion pay g ra n ted. O nly b a s ic fo r m a l
plans a re r e p o rte d . V a ca tion b o n u s e s , v a c a tio n -s a v in g s p la n s , and "e x te n d e d "
o r "s a b b a t ic a l" b en efits bey on d b a s ic plans a r e ex clu d e d .

H o sp ita liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and m e d ic a l in su ra n ce plans r e p o r te d
in th e se su r v e y s p r o v id e fu ll o r p a rtia l paym en t fo r b a s ic s e r v ic e s r e n d e re d .
3 Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included.
In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund
to which onlyemployees
contribute. In each of theother three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan:

F o r tabulating v a ca tion pay g ra n ted , all p r o v is io n s a re e x p r e s s e d
on a tim e b a s is .
V a ca tio n pay ca lcu la te d on o th e r than a tim e b a s is is
c o n v e rte d to its equ ivalen t tim e p e r io d .
Tw o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s,
fo r e x a m p le , is tabu la ted as 1 w e e k 's v a ca tio n pay.

State fund financing:
In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey, employees
and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum and employers
pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.

A ls o , p r o v is io n s a fter ea ch s p e c ifie d length o f s e r v ic e a re re la te d
to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an esta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f length o f
s e r v ic e . V a ca tio n plans c o m m o n ly p r o v id e fo r la r g e r am ount o f v a ca tio n pay
as s e r v ic e len gth en s. Counts o f plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s by length o f s e r v ic e
w e r e not o b ta in ed . The tabu lation s o f v a ca tio n pay granted p r e s e n ts , t h e r e ­
f o r e , s t a tis tic a l m e a s u r e s o f th e se p r o v is io n s ra th er than p r o p o r tio n s o f
w o r k e r s actu a lly r e ce iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits .

Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute more
than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree to contribute
more if the State mles that the additional contribution is commensurate with the benefit provided.
Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost of the insurance.
4 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of
days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.

H ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p en sion plans (table B - 6 ) . H ealth, in s u r a n ce ,
and p en sion plans in clu d e plans f o r w hich the e m p lo y e r pays e ith e r all o r
p a rt o f the c o s t.
The c o s t m a y be (1) u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l
in su ra n ce com pa n y o r n on p rofit o r g a n iz a tio n , (2) c o v e r e d b y a union fund to




L ife in su r a n ce in clu d e s fo r m a l plains p ro v id in g in dem n ity (u su ally
an in su r a n ce p o lic y ) in c a se o f death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .

23

H o sp ita liza tio n in su r a n ce c o v e r s h o sp ita l r o o m and b o a rd and m a y c o v e r
oth e r h o sp ita l e x p e n s e s . S u r g ic a l in su ra n ce c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' fe e s . M e d ic a l
in su ra n ce c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' fe e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h osp ita l c a lls .
P lans
r e s t r ic t e d to p o s t -o p e r a t iv e m e d ic a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r 's c a r e fo r m in o r
ailm en ts at a w o r k e r 's p la ce o f em p loy m en t are not c o n s id e r e d to be
m e d ic a l in su r a n ce .

" d e d u c tib le " (e .g ., $ 5 0 ) be m et b e fo r e b e n e fits b e g in , (2) has a c o in s u ra n ce
fea tu re that r e q u ir e s the in su r e d to pay a p o r tio n ( e .g ., 20 p e r c e n t) o f
c e rta in e x p e n s e s , and (3) has a s p e c ifie d d o lla r m a x im u m o f b e n e fits (e .g .,
$ 10, 000 a y e a r ).

M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ra n ce c o v e r a g e a p p lies to s e r v ic e s w h ich go
b eyon d the b a s ic s e r v ic e s c o v e r e d under h o s p ita liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ra n ce ty p ic a lly (1) r e q u ir e s that a

R e tire m e n t p e n sio n plans p r o v id e f o r r e g u la r paym en ts to the r e tir e e
fo r life .
In clu ded a re d e fe r r e d p r o fit -s h a r in g plans w h ich p r o v id e the option
o f p u rch a sin g a life t im e annuity.




D ental in su ra n ce plans p r o v id e n o r m a l dental s e r v ic e b e n e fits ,
u su ally fo r fillin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s . P la n s w h ich p r o v id e b en efits
on ly fo r o r a l s u r g e r y o r re p a ir in g a ccid e n t dam age a re not re p o rte d .

24

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C.,1 June 1976
N um ber o f es ta b lish m en ts
em p lo ym e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

In d u stry d i v i s i o n 2

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin s c o p e
o f s tu d y 5

Studied

Studied

T o t a l4
N um ber

P ercen t

F u ll-t im e
plant w o r k e r s

F u ll-t im e
o f fic e w o rk e rs

T o t a l4

ALL D I V I S I O N S -------------------------- *»---*■

-

463

165

1 2 7 ,6 7 3

100

9 5 ,6 0 2

1 1 ,4 6 2

7 3 ,5 2 1

m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------- ----n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --- ------ ------ ---- ----------t r an s portation, c o mm u n ic a t i on, and
o t h e r PUBLIC u t i l i t i e s 5 ------------ —
----------------------------------wholesale traoe
r e t a i l TRADE
—1
FINANCE, INSURANCE, a n d r e a l e s t a t e
-------

50
*

275
188

98
67

9 7 ,1 9 3
3 0 ,4 8 0

76
24

7 8 ,3 0 9
1 7 ,2 9 3

6 ,3 4 0
5 ,1 2 2

5 5 ,1 4 1
1 8 ,3 8 0

50
50
50
50
50

33
34
63
20
38

14
8
19
10
16

5 ,4 9 1
2 ,7 4 9
1 4 ,6 9 4
3 ,1 1 2
4 ,4 3 4

4
2
12
2
3

3 ,4 5 4

810

4 ,1 1 0
770
8 ,8 8 3
2 ,0 7 0
2 ,5 4 7

SERVICES

...............

( 6>
( 6>
<7)
< 6)

( 6>
( 6)
( 6>
< 6>

1 Th e G r e e n v ille — partan burg Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget th rou gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f G r e e n v ille , P ic k e n s , and S partanburg
S
C o u n tie s . The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y" e s tim a te s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y .
E stim a tes
a r e not in ten ded, h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s t o m e a s u r e em p lo ym e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s esta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly
in a d va n ce o f th e p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 Th e 1967 ed ition o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d to c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv is io n .
5
In clu d es a ll es ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s su ch as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and
m otion p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, p a r t - t im e , and o th e r w o r k e r s ex clu d e d fr o m th e se p a r a te plant and o f fi c e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n a r e e x clu d ed .
4 T h is d iv is io n is re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s . S ep a ra te p resen ta tion o f data is
not m ad e f o r on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo ym e n t is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s ep a ra te
p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in divid u al es ta b lis h m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m th is e n tire d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , but f r o m the r e a l esta te p o r tio n on ly in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll
in d u s t r ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s .
S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data is not m ade fo r on e o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s given in fo o tn o te 6.
8 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p ark in g; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (exclu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and en gin e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g reem en t c o v e r a g e
In d u stria l c o m p o s it io n in m an u factu rin g
Th e fo llo w in g tabu lation show s the p e r c e n t o f fu ll-t im e plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the G re e n v ille —
Spartan burg a r e a in w h ich a union c o n tr a c t o r
c o n t r a c ts c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c t iv e c a t e g o r ie s , June 1976:

O v e r t h r e e -fo u r t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ithin th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the G re e n v ille —
Spa rtan bu rg a r e a w e r e em p lo y e d in m an u factu rin g f ir m s .
The fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s the m a jo r
in d u stry g r o u p s and s p e c i fi c in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:

P lant w o r k e r s
In d u stry g r o u p s
T e x t ile m il l p r o d u c t s _____________48
A p p a r e l and o th e r te x t ile
p r o d u c t s __________________________ 11
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d p r o d u c ts . . 1 1
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l — 9
E l e c t r ic a l equipm ent and
s u p p lie s _________________________
6

A ll in d u s t r ie s __________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g______________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s __________

W eavin g m il l s , s y n th e tics----- 15
W eavin g m il l s , c o t t o n ------------ 14
P la s t ic s m a t e r ia ls and
s y n t h e t ic s ____________________
9
T e x t ile fin is h in g , except
w o o l __________________________
6
K nitting m i l l s --------------------------5
S p e c ia l in d u stry m a c h in e r y —
5

11
11
14
65

3
7
45

An e sta b lish m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to have a c o n tr a c t c o v e r in g a ll plant o r o f fi c e
w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s i s c o v e r e d by a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g reem en t.
T h e r e f o r e , a ll o th e r plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e em p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts that eith er do
not h ave la b o r -m a n a ge m e n t c o n t r a c ts in e f fe c t , o r h a ve c o n tr a c ts that apply to fe w e r than
h a lf o f th e ir plant o r o f fi c e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a te s a r e not n e c e s s a r il y r e p r e s e n ta tiv e o f the
extent to w h ich a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m ay be c o v e r e d by the p r o v is io n s o f la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d and the in d u stria l s c o p e o f the
s u r v e y is lim ite d .

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f to ta l em p lo ym e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e f o r e actual su rv e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in du stry d iv is io n s m ay
d iffe r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a se d on the r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y as show n in app en dix ta b le 1.




O ffic e w o rk e rs

S p e c ific in d u strie s

25

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

The p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p re p a rin g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s is t its
fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p rop ria te o ccu p a tio n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll
title s and d iffe r e n t w ork a rra n g em en ts fr o m esta b lis h m e n t to esta b lis h m e n t and fr o m a r e a to a r e a . T his
p e r m its the g rou pin g o f o c cu p a tio n a l w age ra tes r e p re s e n tin g co m p a ra b le jo b con ten t. B e c a u s e o f th is
em p h a sis on in te re sta b lish m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a ra b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u r e a u 's jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fr o m th o se in use in in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d f o r
oth e r p u r p o s e s . In applying th ese jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is ts a re in s tru cte d to ex clu d e
w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tice s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n dicapped, p a r t -t im e , t e m p o r a r y ,
and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o rm a lly to one in d iv id u al. M ain ­
tain s a c lo s e and h igh ly r e s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork o f
the s u p e r v is o r . W o rk s fa ir ly in depen den tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d eta iled
s u p e r v is io n and gu id an ce. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u ties,
u su a lly in clu din g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :

d.

e. R ev iew s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o rts p r e p a r e d by
o th e rs fo r the s u p e r v is o r 's sign a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic
accuracy;

a. R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in com in g m a il,
a n sw ers routine in q u ir ie s , and rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u irie s to the p r o p e r
p erson s;
b.
c.
in s tru cte d ;

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s, and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's file s ;

M aintains the s u p e r v is o r 's




ca le n d a r and m akes appoin tm en ts as

R ela y s m e s s a g e s fr o m s u p e r v is o r to s u b o r d in a te s;

f.

P e r fo r m s ste n o g ra p h ic and typin g w o rk .

M ay a lso p e r fo r m oth e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f co m p a ra b le
nature and d ifficu lty . The w ork ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow led ge o f o ffic e routine
and understan din g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s re la te d to
the w ork o f the s u p e r v is o r .

B egin ning w ith ca len d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u reau has g rou p ed occu p a tio n s stu d ied in its
a r e a w age s u rv e y s into jo b fa m ilie s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t in fo rm a tio n on r e la te d o c cu p a tio n s in se q u e n c e .
Job fa m ilie s have not been title d , h o w e v e r, sin c e doing so m igh t have added ex tra n eou s e le m e n ts to the
jo b m a tch in g p r o c e s s .
The B u reau has a lso r e v is e d s e v e r a l o c cu p a tio n a l t it le s .
u sual w o rd o r d e r and a re m o r e d e s c r ip tiv e o f the su r v e y jo b s .

The r e v is e d title s m o r e n e a r ly r e fle c t

R e v is e d o c cu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s a re b ein g in tro d u ce d th is y e a r fo r : O r d e r c le r k ; p a y r o ll c le r k ;
sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r ; sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e ty p is t (p r e v io u s ly title d
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ); m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r (to o lr o o m ); and t o o l and die m a k e r. Th ey a re the
r e su lt o f the B u r e a u 's p o lic y o f p e r io d ic a lly re v ie w in g a re a w age su rv e y o c cu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s in
o r d e r to take into accou n t te c h n o lo g ic a l d ev elop m en ts and to c la r ify d e s c r ip tio n s so that th ey a re m o r e
r e a d ily u n d erstood and u n ifo rm ly in te r p r e te d . E ven though the r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n s r e fle c t b a s ic a lly the
sa m e occu p a tio n s as p r e v io u s ly d efin ed , so m e re p o rtin g changes m ay o c c u r b e c a u s e o f the r e v is io n s .

26

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

SE C RE T A R Y — Continue d

E x clu s io n s

Not a ll p o s itio n s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above
c h a r a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p les o f p o s itio n s w h ich a re e x clu d e d fr o m the defin ition
a re as fo llo w s :
a. P o s itio n s
d e s c r ib e d a b ove;
b.

w h ich

do not m e e t the

" p e r s o n a l"

s e c r e t a r y con cep t

S ten og ra p h e rs not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l-t y p e du ties;

c . S ten og ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o ffic e
fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

a s sista n ts

to a grou p

of p ro ­

d. S e c r e ta r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the duties a r e e ith e r su bsta n tially
m o r e routine o r su b sta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th ose
c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the defin ition ;
e. A s s is ta n t-ty p e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d ifficu lt o r m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r i c a l
du ties w h ich a re not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w ork .
N O T E :1 The t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the le v e l d efin ition s
follow in g^ r e fe r s to th o se o ffic ia ls who h ave a sig n ifica n t c o rp o r a te w id e
p o licy m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a rd to m a jo r com p a n y a c tiv it ie s . The title " v ic e
p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , does not in all c a s e s
id en tify su ch p o s itio n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to
a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u al c a s e s o r tr a n s a ctio n s (e .g ., a p p rov e o r deny
in dividu al loa n o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in iste r in d iv id u a l tru st a cco u n ts ; d ir e c tly
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l sta ff) a re not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u r p o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la ss A
1 . S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com pa n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com pa n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but
fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h ea d , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r seg m en t o r su b s id ia r y o f a com pan y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la ss B
1 . S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

3. S e c r e ta r y to the h ead , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f ic e r le v e l, o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a te w id e fu n ction a l a ctiv ity ( e .g ., m a rk etin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t io n s , in d u stria l r e la t io n s , e t c .) ox; a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pa n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, fa c t o r y , e tc . (o r
o th e r equ ivalen t le v e l o f o ffic ia l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p ortan t o rg a n iz a tio n a l
seg m en t (e .g ., a m id d le m a n a gem en t s u p e r v is o r o f am o rg a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t
often in v olv in g as m any as s e v e r a l h undred p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C
1 . S e c r e ta r y to an e x e cu tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n ­
s ib ility is not equ ivalen t to one o f the s p e c ifi c le v e l situ ation s in the defin ition
fo r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit n o rm a lly n u m b ers at le a st s e v e r a l
d ozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su ally d iv id ed into o rg a n iz a tio n a l seg m en ts w hich
a r e often , in tu rn , fu rth e r su bd ivid ed . In so m e c o m p a n ie s , this le v e l in ­
clu d es a w ide ran ge o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , on ly on e o r tw o; o r

2. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u al plant, fa c to r y , e tc . (o r
o th e r eau ivalent le v e l o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0
p e r s o n s .*
2
1
C la ss D
1. S e c r e ta r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o rg a n iz a tio n a l
unit ( e .g ., fe w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r
2. S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m ­
p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e rt.
(N O TE: M any com p a n ies a s sig n ste n o g r a p h e r s , ra th er than s e c r e t a r ie s as
d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STENOGRAPH ER
P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion using sh orth an d, and to tr a n s c r ib e
the d icta tio n . M ay a lso type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay o p e r a te fr o m a
ste n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if
p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
T y p is t).
N O TE: T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s in a co n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g er
o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e tio n a r y ta sk s as
d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .
S ten og ra p h er, G e n e ra l

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r




keep

D icta tion in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y . M ay m ain tain f ile s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly routine c l e r i c a l ta s k s .

ST E N O G R A P H E R — Continued

F IL E C L E R K — Continued

S ten og ra p h er, S en ior
D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la r y
su ch as in le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M ay a lso set up
and m ain tain f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .

C la ss B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y s im p le
(s u b je ct m a tte r) h eadin gs o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by fin e r su bh ea din gs.
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s.
As re q u e s te d ,
lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a rd s m a te r ia l. M ay p e r ­
fo r m re la te d c l e r i c a l ta sk s re q u ire d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .

OR
P e r fo r m s s te n o g ra p h ic du ties req u irin g sig n ific a n tly g r e a te r in ­
d ep en d en ce and r e s p o n s ib ility than ste n o g r a p h e r, g e n e r a l, as e v id e n ce d by
the fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u ir e s a high d e g re e o f ste n o g ra p h ic sp eed and
a c c u r a c y ; a th orou g h w ork in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l b u sin e s s and o ffic e p r o ­
c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o li c ie s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o rk flo w , etc.
U ses this k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g
sten og ra p h ic du ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sk s su ch as m aintaining
follow u p f ile s ; a s s e m b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t te r s ;
co m p o s in g sim p le le t te r s fr o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; readin g and routing
in com in g m a il; and a n sw erin g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
TRA N SC R1B IN G -M A CH IN E T Y P IS T
P r im a r y duty is to type c o p y o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d d icta tion w h ich does
not in v olv e v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la r y su ch as that u sed in
le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M ay a lso type fr o m w ritten
cop y . M ay m ain tain f i l e s , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la tiv e ly
routine c le r i c a l ta s k s .
(See S ten og ra p h er d efin ition fo r w o r k e r s in v olv ed
w ith sh orth an d d icta tio n .)
T Y P IST
U ses a ty p e w r ite r to m a ke c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake
out b ills a fte r c a lcu la tio n s have b een m ade by an oth er p e r s o n .
M ay in ­
clude typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r u se in du plicatin g
p rocesses.
M ay do c le r i c a l w ork in v olv in g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , su ch as
k eepin g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o rtin g and distrib u tin g
in com in g m a il.
C la ss A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T ypin g m a te r ia l
in fin a l fo r m when it in v o lv e s com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n , pu nctu ation , e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n language m a te r ia l; o r planning layout and
typing o f c o m p lic a te d s ta t is t ic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n iform ity and b a la n ce in
sp a cin g . M ay type routine fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d eta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typing fr o m
rough o r c le a r d r a fts ; o r rou tin e typing o f fo r m s , in su ra n ce p o l i c i e s , e t c .;
o r settin g up sim p le stan dard ta b u la tion s; o r cop yin g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les
a lre a d y set up and sp a c e d p r o p e r ly .
F IL E C LE RK
F il e s , c la s s if i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e sta b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . M ay p e r fo r m c l e r i c a l and m anual ta sk s r e q u ire d to m ain tain file s .
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la ss A . C la s s ifie s and in d ex es file m a te r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o cu m e n ts, e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m
contain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d su b je ct m a tte r file s .
M ay a lso file this
m a te r ia l.
M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es in con ju n ction w ith the file s .
M ay le a d a s m a ll g rou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .




C la ss C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been
c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e rica l).. A s r e q u e ste d ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l; and m ay
fill out w ith d raw al c h a rg e .
M ay p e r fo r m sim p le c l e r i c a l and m anu al tasks
r e q u ire d to m a in tain and s e r v ic e f ile s .
M ESSENG ER
P e r fo r m s v a r io u s routine duties su ch as running e r r a n d s , op era tin g
m in o r o ffic e m a ch in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , open in g and d istrib u tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c le r i c a l w o rk . E x clu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ire op e ra tio n
o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a telep h on e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le u sed w ith a p riv a te
b ra n ch exch an ge (P B X ) s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in tr a s y s te m
c a lls .
M ay p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n sm it m e s s a g e s ,
k eep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o ll c h a r g e s . B e s id e s op era tin g a teleph on e
sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m ay a lso type o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r i c a l w ork
(typing o r rou tin e c l e r i c a l w ork m ay o c cu p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's
tim e , and is u su a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at the sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ief o r
lea d o p e r a t o r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts em p loy in g m o r e than on e o p e r a t o r are
e x clu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r who a lso a cts as a r e c e p t io n is t , see S w itch b oa rd
O p e r a to r -R e c e p tio n is t.
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a to r —
w ork in v o lv e s
b u s in e s s and
p r ia te p e r s o n
a rra n g in g an

s in g le -p o s it io n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as
se e S w itch b oa rd O p e ra to r — and as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p tio n is t's
su ch duties as g re e tin g v is it o r s ; d e term in in g nature o f v is it o r 's
p ro v id in g a p p rop ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r to a p p ro ­
in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r con ta ctin g that p e r s o n by telep h on e and
appoin tm en t; k eepin g a lo g o f v is it o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e fr o m c u s to m e r s o r sa le s p e o p le . W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s
som e co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g d u ties: Quoting p r ic e s ; d eterm in in g a v a ila ­
b ility o f o r d e r e d ite m s and su g gestin g su bstitu tes w hen n e c e s s a r y ; ad visin g
e x p e cte d d e liv e r y date and m eth od o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s to m e r
in fo rm a tio n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; ch eck in g o r d e r sh eets fo r a c c u r a c y and
ad equ acy o f in fo rm a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s ce r ta in in g c r e d it rating o f c u s to m e r ;
fu rn ish in g c u s to m e r w ith a ck n ow led gem en t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g -u p
to se e that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d by the s p e c ifie d date o r to let c u s to m e r know
o f a d ela y in d e liv e r y ; m ain taining o r d e r file ; ch eck in g shipping in v o ice
against o r ig in a l o r d e r .

O R D E R C L E R K — Continued

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

E x clu d e w o r k e r s p a id on a c o m m is s io n b a s is o r w h ose duties in clu d e
any o f the fo llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v ic e s ra th er than fo r m a te r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s to m e r s w ith con s u lta tiv e a d v ice using k n ow led ge
gain ed fr o m en g in eerin g o r e x te n siv e te c h n ic a l tr a in in g ; e m p h a sizin g s e llin g
s k ills ; handling m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in te g ra l p a rt o f the jo b .

O p era tes a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (w ith o r without a ty p e w r ite r k e y ­
b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

the

fo llo w in g

C la ss A . H andles o r d e r s that in v o lv e m aking ju d g m en ts su ch as
ch oosin g w h ich s p e c ific p r o d u ct o r m a te r ia l fr o m the e s ta b lis h m e n t's p ro d u ct
lin e s w ill s a tis fy the c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d eterm in in g the p r ic e .t o be qu oted
w hen p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e ly r e fe r r in g to a p r ic e lis t o r m aking
so m e s im p le m a th e m a tic a l c a lc u la tio n s .
C la ss B . H andles o r d e r s in volvin g ite m s w h ich have r e a d ily id e n ­
t ifie d u ses and a p p lic a tio n s . M ay r e fe r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r 's m anu al,
o r s im ila r docum ent to in su re that p r o p e r ite m is su pplied o r to v e r ify
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d ite m .

ACCOUNTIN G C LE RK
P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta sk s su ch as p ostin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in te rn a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tica l a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d ocu m en ts;
a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d istrib u tion c o d e s ; exam in in g and v e r ify in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g sim p le o r a s sistin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lica te d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M ay w ork in eith e r a m anual o r au tom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .
The w ork r e q u ir e s a k n ow led ge o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e
p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e ­
c o rd in g o f tr a n s a ctio n s and accou n tin g in fo rm a tio n . W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the book k eep in g and accou n tin g te r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a ssig n ed w o rk , but is not r e q u ire d to have a
kn ow led ge o f the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b ook k eep in g and a ccou n tin g .
P o s itio n s
d e fin it io n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls on the b a s is

o f the follow in g

C la ss A . U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ich r e q u ire the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m en t, fo r
e x a m p le , c le r i c a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lica te d o r n o n re p e titiv e a ccou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su bstan tial v a r ie ty o f p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g cod es
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tra n s a ctio n s though p r e v io u s accou n tin g a ction s
to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M ay be a s s is te d by on e o r m o r e
c la s s B a ccou n tin g c le r k s .
C la ss B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in stru ctio n s
and sta n d a rd iz ed p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine accou n tin g
c le r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , su ch as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere
id e n tifica tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a re c le a r ly in d ica ted ; c h e c k ­
ing a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd ized and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s or
a ccou n tin g d o cu m e n ts; and codin g d ocu m en ts usin g a few p r e s c r ib e d a c c o u n t­
ing c o d e s .




C la ss A . K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a kn ow ledge o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity w ith the stru ctu re
o f the p a r t ic u la r a ccou n tin g s y s te m u sed .
D e te rm in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tio n o f debit and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in ea ch phase o f the w ork .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce sh e e ts , and oth e r r e c o r d s by hand.
C la ss B . K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e ph ases o r se c tio n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u su ally r e q u irin g little k n ow led ge o f b a s ic b ook k eep in g . P h a ses
or., se c tio n s in clu d e a ccou n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a ccou n ts (not in ­
cluding a sim p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under m a ch in e b i lle r ), c o s t d is ­
trib u tio n , ex p en se d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, e tc . M ay ch eck o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets fo r the accoun tin g
dep a rtm en t.

M ACHINE B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b i lls , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r ite r . M ay a lso k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r shipping ch a rg e s o r p e r fo r m oth e r c l e r i c a l w ork in cid en tal to b illin g
o p e r a tio n s . F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e b ille r s a re c la s s ifie d by type
o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B illin g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (com b in a tion
typing and adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ’
p u rch a se o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s, e tc .
U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tion o f p r e d e te r m in e d d iscou n ts and shipping c h a rg es
and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com pu ted on
the b illin g m a ch in e , and tota ls w h ich a re a u tom a tica lly a ccu m u la ted by
m a ch in e . The o p e r a tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m ber o f ca rb on c o p ie s o f
the b ill b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fold m a ch in e.
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U ses a b ook k eepin g m a ch in e (with o r
w ithout a ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the
a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e ra lly in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e a u tom a tica lly accu m u la tes
fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com p u tes and u su ally p rin ts
a u tom a tica lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v olv e a kn ow ledge
o f b ook k eep in g . W ork s fr o m u n iform and stan dard types o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

P A Y R O L L C LE R K
P e r fo r m s the c l e r i c a l ta sk s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m ain tain p a y r o ll r e c o r d s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; adju sting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s fo r changes
in w age r a te s , su p p lem en ta ry b e n e fit s , o r ta x d e d u ction s; editing p a y r o ll
lis tin g s against s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; tr a c in g and c o r r e c t in g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p r e p a r a tio n o f p e r io d ic su m m a ry p a y r o ll r e p o r t s . In a n on au tom ated p a y r o ll s y s t e m , com p u tes w a g e s. W ork m a y req u ire a p r a c t ic a l
k n ow led ge o f g o v e rn m e n ta l re g u la tio n s , com p a n y p a y r o ll p o lic y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s te m fo r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .

K EY PU N CH O P E R A T O R

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

O p era tes a keypunch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r ify a lp h a b etic a n d /o r
n u m e ric data on tabulating c a r d s o r on tape.

fr o m th is d efin ition a re w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o e x clu d e d are o p e r a t o r s
o f e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te r s , even though th ey m a y a lso o p e r a te e le c t r ic
a ccou n tin g m a ch in e equ ipm en t.

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la ss A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t
in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g fo r , in te r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r cod in g ite m s to be k eyp u n ch ed fr o m a v a r ie ty o f s o u r c e
d ocu m en ts.
On o c c a s io n m a y a lso p e r fo r m so m e routine keypunch w ork .
M ay tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypun ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la ss B . W ork is routine and re p e titiv e . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s stan d­
a r d iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w h ich have b een co d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich have b een p r e s c r i b e d in d eta il and r e q u ire little o r no
s e le c t in g , co d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d .
R e fe r s to su ­
p e r v i s o r p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r cod es o r m is s in g
in fo rm ation .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

c u la to r ,

O p era tes one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in es su ch as the ta b u la to r, c a l­
c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p ro d u c in g punch, e tc .
E x clu d ed

P o s itio n s
d e fin it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la ss A . P e r fo r m s c o m p le te r e p o rtin g and tabulating a ssig n m en ts
in clu din g d ev isin g d ifficu lt c o n tr o l p a n el w irin g u nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s sig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie ty o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r ts w h ich
often a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u irin g so m e planning o f the nature
and seq u en cin g o f o p e r a t io n s , and the u se o f a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in e s . Is
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s o r tra in in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the o p e ra tin g se q u e n ce s
o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w h ich w irin g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s w ork a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s .
A s sig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but
routine and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e ra te s m o r e d ifficu lt tabulating o r e le c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g m a ch in es su ch as
the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la to r , in ad dition to the s im p le r m a ch in e s u sed by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to do so m e w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s.
M ay tra in new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s .
C la ss C . U nder s p e c ifi c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a te s s im p le tabulating o r
e le c t r ic a l accou n tin g m a ch in e s su ch as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , rep rod u cin g
punch, c o lla t o r , e tc . A s sig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s of a w o rk unit,
fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o rtin g o r c o lla tin g ru n s, o r r e p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s im p le w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w ork .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly ze s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r solvin g
th em by u se o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t. D ev elop s a com p lete
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en able p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a re
re q u ire d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly zes s u b je c t -m a tte r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s con d ition s
and c r it e r i a r e q u ir e d to a ch ie v e s a tis fa c to r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d ocu m en ts to be u sed ; ou tlin es a ction s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and co m p u te r s in su ffic ie n t d etail fo r p resen ta tion
to m a n a gem en t and fo r p r o g r a m m in g (ty p ica lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w ork and data flo w c h a r ts ); c o o rd in a te s the d ev elop m en t o f te s t p r o b le m s and
p a rticip a te s in t r ia l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and re co m m e n d s
equipm ent changes to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
(N O TE:
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g b o th "sy ste m s a n a lysis and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld be c l a s ­
s ifie d as s y s te m s a n alysts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d eterm in e th e ir p a y.)

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS----Continued
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , s y s te m s an alysts a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la ss A . W ork s in d epen den tly o r u nder on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v olv in g a ll p h a ses o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s are
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output data.
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g ra te d p ro d u ctio n
sch e d u lin g , in v en tory c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly sis r e c o r d in
w h ich e v e r y ite m o f ea ch type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p a c tio n s are in itiated by the
c o m p u te r .) C o n fe rs w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g
p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s 'o f new o r
r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a t io n s . M akes r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , if
n ee d e d , fo r a p p rov a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in sta lla tio n s o r change? and fo r
obtain in g equ ipm ent.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n
who a re a s sig n e d to a s s is t .

D o e s not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n ­
a gem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r s y s te m s an alysts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r en g in eerin g
p r o b le m s .




to

lo w e r le v e l

s y s te m s an alysts

C la ss B . W ork s in depen den tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
p r o b le m s that a r e r e la tiv e ly u n c o m p lica te d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a re o f lim ite d c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a re h om o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le ,

30

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

d e v e lo p s s y s te m s fo r m ain taining d e p o s ito r a ccou n ts in a bank, m ain taining
a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il e sta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain taining in v en tory
a ccou n ts in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs w ith
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y ste m s
to be a p plied.

At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d ifficu lt b e c a u s e com p u ter eq u ip ­
m en t m u st be o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la te d but d iv e r s e p r o ­
du cts fr o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w ide v a r ie ty and e x ­
te n s iv e n u m b er o f in tern a l p r o c e s s in g a ction s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ire s
su ch a ctio n s as d ev elop m en t o f com m o n o p e r a tio n s w hich can be r e ­
u sed , esta b lish m en t o f lin kage poin ts betw een o p e r a tio n s , ad ju stm ents to
data w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d co m p u te r sto ra g e c a p a city , and
su bsta n tial m a n ipu lation and re se q u e n cin g o f data elem en ts to fo r m a
h igh ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .

OR
W ork s on a seg m en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m ,
as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . W ork s in depen den tly on routine a ssig n m en ts and
r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and gu id an ce on c o m p le x a s sig n m e n ts . W ork is re v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m en t, co m p lia n ce w ith in s t r u c t io n s , and to in su re
p r o p e r align m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la ss C . W ork s under im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r ry in g out a n a lyses
as a s s ig n e d , u su ally o f a sin g le a c tiv ity . A s sig n m e n ts a re d esig n ed to d ev e lo p
and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lica tion o f p r o c e d u r e s and sk ills
r e q u ire d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly sis w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l
s y s te m s an alyst by p re p a rin g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ire d by p r o ­
g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h ig h e r le v e l an alyst.

M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who
a r e a s sig n e d to a s s is t .
C la ss B . W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on
r e la tiv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le seg m en ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r se g m e n ts ) u su ally p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r th r e e v a r ie d se q u e n ce s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o r ts and lis tin g s a re p r o d u c e d by
re fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m akin g m in o r ad ditions to o r d eletion s fr o m
input data w h ich are r e a d ily a v a ila b le . W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m ay be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b een r e fin e d in p r io r action s so that the a c c u r a c y
and seq u en cin g o f data can b e te s te d by using a few routine ch e ck s. T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d ea ls w ith routine r e co r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS

OR

C on v erts statem en ts o f b u sin e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
sy s te m s an alyst, in to a seq u en ce o f d eta iled in stru ctio n s w h ich a re r e ­
q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm ent.
W orkin g fr o m ch a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d ev e lo p s the p r e ­
c is e in stru ctio n s w h ich , when en te re d into the com p u ter s y s te m in c od ed
la n g u a ge, ca u se the m anipulation o f data to a ch iev e d e s ir e d r e s u lts . W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lies k n ow led ge o f co m p u te r c a p a ­
b i lit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u te r s , and p a r tic u la r su b ­
je c t m a tte r in v o lv e d to an alyze ch a rts and d ia g ra m s o f the p r o b le m to
be p r o g r a m m e d ; d ev e lo p s seq u en ce o f p r o g r a m s te p s; w rite s d eta iled flow
ch a rts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w ill be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e rts th ese
ch a rts to c o d e d in stru ctio n s f o r m a ch in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in stru ctio n s fo r op era tin g p e r s o n n e l during p ro d u ctio n
run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e op era tin g e f f i ­
c ie n c y o r adapt to new re q u ire m e n ts ; m ain tains r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v elop m en t and r e v is io n s . (N O TE: W o r k e rs p e r fo r m in g both sy s te m s an al­
y s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld be c la s s ifie d as sy s te m s an alysts i f th is is
the s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n ­
a gem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific a n d /o r en gin eerin g
p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C la ss A . W ork s in depen den tly o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n
on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich re q u ire c o m p e te n c e in all p h a ses o f p r o ­
g ra m m in g c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W orkin g fr o m d ia g ra m s and ch a rts
w h ich id en tify the n ature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to
b e a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s betw een v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b ­
le m so lv in g rou tin e; plans the fu ll ran ge o f p r o g r a m m in g a ction s n eeded
to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the c o m p u te r s y s te m in a ch iev in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .




W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A) under
c lo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t
h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d ifficu lt tasks
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d ifficu lt ta sk s under fa ir ly c lo s e d ir e c tio n .
M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la ss C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tion s o f p ro g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s
and co n c e p ts u su ally le a rn e d in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s . A ssig n m en ts
a re d esig n ed to d ev e lo p c o m p e te n ce in the a p p lica tion o f stan dard p r o ­
c e d u r e s to routine p r o b le m s .
R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new a sp ects
o f a s sig n m e n ts ; and w ork is re v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e
w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COM PUTER O PERATOR
M o n ito rs and o p e r a te s the c o n tro l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l co m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to op era tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u su ally p r e p a r e d by a
p r o g r a m m e r . W ork in clu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Studies in stru ctio n s to
d eterm in e equipm ent setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loa d s equipm ent w ith r e q u ire d
item s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itch e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equ ipm ent into
c ir c u it , and sta rts and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r ; m a k es adju stm en ts to co m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s; re v ie w s e r r o r s
m ade during o p e r a tio n and d e te rm in e s ca u se o r r e fe r s p r o b le m to s u p e r ­
v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m ain tains op era tin g r e c o r d s . M ay te s t and a s s is t
in c o r r e c t in g p r o g r a m .
F or

w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r

op era tors

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la ss A . O p era tes in d ep en d en tly , o r under o n ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n , a
co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : New
p r o g r a m s a re freq u en tly te s te d and in tro d u ce d ; sch ed u lin g req u ire m e n ts are

31

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

D R A F T E R — Continued

o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e dow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a re o f c o m p le x
d e sig n so that id e n tifica tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a w ork in g k n ow ­
led g e o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and altern a te p r o g r a m s m ay not b e a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ir e c tio n and gu id an ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .

m a te r ia ls to be u sed , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , stre n g th s, s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s
in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ice fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C om p leted
w o rk is ch e ck e d fo r te c h n ic a l ad equ acy.

C la ss B . O p era tes in dep en d en tly , o r u nder on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n , a
c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s ; M ost
o f the p r o g r a m s a re e s ta b lis h e d p r o d u ctio n ru n s, ty p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly
r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is little o r no te s tin g o f new p r o g r a m s re q u ire d ;
altern a te p r o g r a m s a re p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eeds m a jo r change
o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w ithin a r e a so n a b ly sh o rt tim e . In co m m o n e r r o r
situ a tion s, d ia g n o se s ca u se and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e a ctio n . T h is u su a lly in ­
v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s te p s , o r using stan dard
c o r r e c t io n tech n iq u e s .
OR
O p era tes u nder d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
seg m en ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M ay
a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r by in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d ifficu lt ta sk s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d ifficu lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d eta iled in s tru ctio n s and
w ith freq u en t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .

e x p e cte d
a b ility to
r e c e iv e d
op era tor

C la ss C . W ork s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n . Is
to d e v e lo p w ork in g kn ow led ge o f the c o m p u te r equipm ent u sed and
d etect p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in running routine p r o g r a m s . U su a lly has
so m e fo r m a l tra in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la ss A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p re se n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s having
d is tin c tiv e d esign fe a tu r e s that d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d drafting
p r e c e d e n ts . W ork s in c lo s e su p p ort w ith the d esig n o r ig in a to r , and m ay
r e co m m e n d m in o r d esig n ch a n g e s. A n a ly zes the e ffe c t o f ea ch change on the
d eta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com p on en ts and
p a r ts . W ork s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C om p leted w ork
is r e v ie w e d b y d esig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r io r e n g in eerin g
d e te rm in a tio n s. M ay e ith e r p r e p a r e draw in gs o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by
lo w e r le v e l d r a fte r s .

C la ss B . P e r fo r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x drafting a ssign m en ts
that r e q u ire the a p p lica tion o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd iz ed draw in g tech n iq u es
r e g u la r ly u sed.
D uties ty p ic a lly in v olv e su ch w o rk as: P r e p a r e s w ork in g
draw in gs o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh a p e s, m u ltip le fu n c tio n s, and
p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s betw een co m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l
d raw in gs f o r co n s tr u c tio n o f a bu ildin g in clu din g d eta il draw in gs o f fou nda­
tio n s , w a ll s e c t io n s , f lo o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U ses a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and
m anu als in m aking n e c e s s a r y com pu ta tion s t o d eterm in e qu an tities o f




C la ss C . P r e p a r e s d eta il d raw in gs o f sin g le units o r p a rts fo r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
T y p es o f
draw in gs p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s (d ep ictin g th r e e d im en sion s
in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v iew s to c la r ify p osition in g o f com pon en ts
and con v ey n eed ed in fo rm a tio n .
C o n so lid a te s d eta ils fr o m a n u m b er o f
s o u r c e s and ad ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ire d . S u g gested m eth od s o f
a p p roa ch , a p p lica b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ice on s o u r c e m a te r ia ls a re given
w ith in itia l a s sig n m e n ts .
In stru ction s a re le s s c o m p le te when a ssign m en ts
r e c u r . W ork m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C op ies plans and draw in gs p r e p a r e d by o th e r s by p la cin g tr a c in g
cloth o r p a p e r o v e r draw in gs and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not
in clu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily c o n s istin g o f stra ig h t lin e s and a
la rg e s c a le not re q u irin g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e titiv e d raw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
W ork is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d during p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S TECH N ICIAN
W ork s on v a r io u s ty p es o f e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t and rela ted d e v ic e s
by p e r fo r m in g one o r a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g , m a in tain in g,
r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n s tr u c tin g , and testin g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tion o f te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d e te rm in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equipm ent in
r e q u ire d op era tin g con d ition .
The equipm ent— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m any d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u its
o r m u ltip le re p e titio n o f the sa m e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ited
to , the fo llo w in g : (a) E le c t r o n ic tra n sm ittin g and r e c e iv in g equipm ent (e .g .,
r a d a r, r a d io , te le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v iga tion a l a id s), (b) digital
and an alog c o m p u te r s , and (c) in d u str ia l and m e d ic a l m e a su rin g and c o n ­
tr o llin g equ ipm ent.
T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x clu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f su ch stan dard e le c t r o n ic
equipm ent as co m m o n o ffic e m a ch in es and h ou s e h o ld rad io and te le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u ctio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m in istra tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

into le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the follow in g

C la ss A . A p p lie s ad va n ced te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to solv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i .e ., th o se that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
^referen ce to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r d o cu m e n ts) in w ork in g on

E L E C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

E L E C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

C la ss C . A p p lies w ork in g te c h n ic a l kn ow led ge to p e r fo r m s im p le o r
routine ta sk s in w ork in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t, follow in g d eta iled in ­
s tru c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v irtu a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s su ch
ta sk s as: A s s is tin g h ig h er le v e l te ch n icia n s by p e r fo r m in g su ch a c tiv itie s as
re p la c in g co m p o n e n ts, w irin g c ir c u it s , and talking te s t rea d in g s; rep a irin g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t; and using to o ls and com m on test in stru m en ts
(e .g ., m u lt im e t e r s , audio sign a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c ill o s c o p e s ) . Is
not re q u ire d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r re la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s .
T his
k n ow led ge, h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d th rou gh a ssign m en ts design ed to in ­
c r e a s e co m p e te n ce (in clu din g c la s s r o o m tra in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advance
to h ig h e r le v e l te ch n icia n .

e le c t r o n ic equ ipm ent.
E x a m p les o f su ch p r o b le m s in clu de lo c a tio n and
den sity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o m a g n e tic ra d ia tion , is o la tin g m a lfu n c tio n s, and
frequ en t en g in eerin g ch a n ges. W ork involves.:
A d eta iled u nderstanding o f
the in te r re la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g independent ju dgm en t in p e r ­
fo r m in g su ch ta sk s as m aking c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , ca lcu la tin g w ave f o r m s ,
tr a c in g re la tio n s h ip s in sig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in ­
stru m en ts (e .g ., dual tr a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d ev ia tion m e t e r s ,
p u lse g e n e r a to rs ).

W ork m a y be r e v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (freq u en tly an en g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n ce w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M ay p r o v id e
te c h n ic a l guidan ce to lo w e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ire d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l te ch n icia n . W ork is ty p ic a lly sp ot ch e ck e d , but is given d eta iled
r e v ie w w hen new o r ad vanced a ssig n m en ts a re in v olv ed .
R E G ISTE R E D IN D U STRIA L NURSE

C la ss B . A p p lies c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to so lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i .e ., th ose that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in te rp re tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anu als o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w ork in g on
e le c t r o n ic equ ipm ent. W ork in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r ity w ith the in te r r e la tio n ­
sh ips o f c ir c u it s ; and ju dgm en t in d eterm in in g w ork seq u en ce and in s e le ctin g
to o ls and testin g in stru m e n ts , u su ally le s s c o m p le x than th o se u sed by the
c la s s A te ch n icia n .

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to il l o r in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r oth e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e ill o r
s u ffe r an a ccid e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c to r y o r oth er esta b lish m en t.
D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iving fir s t aid to the ill o r
in ju re d ; attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f em p lo y e e s * in ju r ie s ; keepin g
r e c o r d s o f patien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a ccid e n t r e p o rts fo r com p en sa tion o r
oth e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l ex am in a tion s and health ev alu ation s o f
a p p lican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r ry in g out p r o g r a m s in volvin g
h ealth ed u ca tion , a ccid e n t p r e v e n tio n , ev alu ation o f plant en v iron m en t, o r
o th e r a c tiv itie s a ffectin g the h ealth , w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f all p e r so n n e l.
N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u r s e s in e sta b lish m en ts em p loyin g m o r e than
one n u rse a re ex clu d ed .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w ork is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n ce w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w o rk a ssig n m e n ts .
M ay p r o v id e te c h n ic a l guidan ce to lo w e r
le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M A IN TE N AN C E C A R P E N T E R

M AIN TE N AN C E E L E C T R IC IA N — Continued

P e r fo r m s the ca rp en try duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru ct and m ain tain
in g ood r e p a ir bu ildin g w ood w ork and equipm ent su ch as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r titio n ? , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and tr im m ade o f w ood
in an* e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lanning and
layin g out o f w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru ctio n s ;
using a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d tools, p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o l s , and stan dard
m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ; m aking stan dard shop com pu tation s relatin g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; and se le ctin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w ork .
In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s roun ded train in g
and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent
braining and e x p e r ie n c e .

w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l equ ipm ent; and u sin g a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h an dtools
and m e a su rin g and testin g in stru m e n ts. In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ­
ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e usu ally a c q u ir e d
th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M AIN TE N AN C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ction s su ch as the in ­
sta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d is t r i­
b u tion , o r u tiliza tion o f e le c t r ic en e rg y in an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r re p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l
equipm ent su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s ,
c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h eating u nits, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s ­
m is s io n equ ipm ent; w ork in g fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r oth er
s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo ca tin g and dia gn osin g tr o u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r
equ ipm ent; w ork in g stan dard com pu ta tion s rela tin g to loa d re q u ire m e n ts o f




M A IN TE N AN C E P A IN T E R
P ain ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu re s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K now ledge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r itie s
and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe re n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p re p a rin g s u r fa c e fo r
painting by rem o v in g o ld fin ish o r by p la cin g putty o r f ill e r in n ail h o le s
and in t e r s t ic e s ; and applying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w hite le a d , and oth e r paint in g red ien ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r co n ­
s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten an ce p a in ter re q u ire s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M AIN TE N AN C E MACHINIST
P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking re p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ica l equ ipm ent o p e r a te d in an esta b lish m en t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten in stru ctio n s and s p e c if i c a ­
tio n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w o rk ; using a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in is t's han dtools

33

M A IN T E N A N C E M ACH IN IST— Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R — Continued

and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g stan dard
m a ch in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m akin g stan dard
sh op com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im en sion s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s , ana sp eed s
o f . m a ch in in g ; k n ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the co m m o n m e ta ls ;
s e le c tin g stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equ ipm en t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ica l equ ipm en t. In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a roun ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
en ga ged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ildin g sanitation o r heating sy s te m s
a re e x c lu d e d .

M A IN TE N AN C E M ECH AN IC (M ACH IN E RY )
R e p a irs m a ch in e ry o r m e c h a n ica l equ ipm ent o f an e sta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in in g m a ch in es and m e c h a n ica l
equ ipm ent to d ia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; dism a n tlin g o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g
m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se o f h an d tools in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; re p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s
obtain ed fr o m s to ck ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n o f a re p la ce m e n t p a rt by a
m a ch in e sh op o r sen din g the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p r o d u c tio n o f
p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh o p s ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s ; and m aking all
n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f a m a ch in e ry
m a in ten a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d ed fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y
du ties in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a ch in e s.
M A IN TE N AN C E M ECH ANIC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and tr a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing a u tom otiv e
equ ipm ent to d ia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ipm ent and p e r ­
fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch h an dtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,
d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; re p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m s to ck ; g rin din g and adju sting v a lv e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking
n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts; and align in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts, o r
tigh ten in g b od y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m o t o r v e h ic le m a in ten an ce
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou gh
a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u tom ob ile r e p a ir sh op s.

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , ste a m , g a s , o r oth er ty p es o f pip e and
p ip efittin g s in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L ayin g
out w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f pip e fr o m d raw in gs o r oth e r
w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len gths w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a ce ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th readin g
pip e w ith s to ck s and d ie s ; ben din g pip e by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith cou p lin g s and fa sten in g p ip e to h a n g e r s;
m akin g sta n d a rd sh op com p u ta tion s rela tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m akin g stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin ish e d p ip es




M AIN TE N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in tain s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l
equ ipm ent and fix tu re s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s, g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u te s , d u cts, m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lann in g and la yin g out a ll ty p es o f
s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten a n ce w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c if i c a ­
tio n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g
m a ch in e s ; using a v a r ie ty o f h an dtools in cuttin g, b en d in g , fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ire d . Tp
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ire s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r
eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M ILLW R IG H T
In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r h eav y equ ip m en t, and d ism a n tles and
in s ta lls m a ch in e s o r h eav y equ ipm ent w hen ch a n ges in the plant layou t are
r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lann in g and la yin g out w o rk ;
in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r oth e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f h an dtools
and r ig g in g ; m akin g stan dard sh op com p u ta tion s rela tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren g th
o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v ity ; align in g and ba la n cin g equ ipm ent;
s e le c t in g stan d ard t o o l s , equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be u sed ; and in sta llin g and
m a in tain in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n equ ipm ent such as d r iv e s and
sp e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a
roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN TE N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in .th e s k ille d m a in ten an ce t r a d e s , by
p e r fo r m in g s p e c ifi c o r g e n e r a l du ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as keepin g a
w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and t o o l s ; clea n in g w ork in g a r e a , m a ch in e,
and equ ipm en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n b y h old in g m a te r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c t e d by jou rn ey m a n .
The kind o f
w o rk the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m trad e to tra d e: In
so m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to su p p ly in g , liftin g , and holdin g m a te r ia ls
and t o o l s , and clea n in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in o th e r s he is p e r m itte d to
p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that are a lso
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a. fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c ia liz e s in op era tin g on e o r m o r e than on e type o f m a ch in e
t o o l (e .g ., jig b o r e r , grin d in g m a ch in e , en gin e la th e, m illin g m a ch in e) to
m a ch in e m e ta l f o r u se in m akin g o r m ain taining ji g s , fix tu r e s , cutting t o o ls ,
g a u g e s , o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo rm in g m e ta l o r
n o n m e ta llic m a te r ia l ( e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e s : P lann in g and p e r fo r m in g d ifficu lt m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n s w h ich
r e q u ire c o m p lic a te d setup s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g up m a ch in e

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O LR O O M )— Continued

T O O L AND DIE M A K E R — Continued

to o l o r to o ls ( e .g ., in s ta ll cutting to o ls and adjust g u id es, s to p s , w ork in g
ta b le s , and o th e r c o n tr o ls to handle the s iz e o f s to ck to be m a ch in ed ;
d eterm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n seq u en ce o r s e le c t
th o se p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p r in ts , o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie ty o f
p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts during
m a ch in in g op e ra tio n to a ch ie v e re q u isite d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
M ay be re q u ire d to s e le c t p r o p e r coola n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s t o o ls . In g e n e r a l, the
w ork o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a t o r (to o lr o o m ) at the s k ill le v e l c a lle d fo r in
this c la s s ific a t io n r e q u ir e s ex te n siv e k n ow led ge o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l­
r o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou gh c o n s id e r a b le o n -t h e -jo b tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

w ork in g to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g m eta l p a rts and fin ish e d to o ls
and d ies to a ch iev e r e q u ire d q u a litie s ; fittin g and a s se m b lin g p a rts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n ce s .
In g e n e r a l, the to o l and die m a k e r 's
w o rk r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e
u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou gh fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a tio n d oes not
in clu d e t o o l and die m a k e rs who (1) are em p lo y e d in t o o l and die job b in g
sh ops o r (2) p r o d u c e fo r g in g d ies (die s in k e r s ).

ST A TIO N A R Y ENGIN EER
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n does not
in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a t o r s (to o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in to o l and die job b in g
sh op s.

T O O L AND DIE M A K E R

C on stru cts and r e p a ir s ji g s , fix tu r e s , cutting t o o ls , g a u ges, o r
m eta l d ies o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m eta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly in v o I v e s :
P lann in g and la yin g out w o rk a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, o r
o th e r w ritten o r o r a l s p e c ific a t io n s ; u nderstan din g the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; se le ctin g a p p ro p ria te m a te r ia ls , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s re q u ire d to com p lete ta sk ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s;
settin g up and o p e ra tin g v a r io u s m a ch in e to o ls and r e la te d equ ipm ent; using
v a r io u s t o o l and die m a k e r 's h an dtools and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m en ts;

O p era tes and m a in tain s and m a y a lso s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f
sta tion a ry en gin es and equipm ent (m e c h a n ica l o r e le c t r ic a l) to supply the
e sta b lish m en t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h eat, r e fr ig e r a tio n , o r a i r con d ition in g. W ork in v o lv e s : O p era tin g and m ain taining equipm ent su ch as
ste a m e n g in e s, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , ven tilatin g
and r e fr ig e r a tin g equ ipm en t, stea m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a ter pu m ps;
m akin g equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a ch in e ry ,
te m p e r a tu r e , and fu el con su m p tion . M ay a lso s u p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts em p loy in g m o r e than one en g in e e r
a re e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R TE N D E R
F ir e s sta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the esta b lish m en t in w hich e m ­
p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r , o r stea m .
F e e d s fu els to fir e by hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and ch eck s w a ter and
sa fety v a lv e s . M ay c le a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in re p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
T R U C K D R IV E R

SHIPPING AND RE CEIV IN G C LE R K — Continued

D riv e s a tr u ck w ithin a city o r in d u str ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a te r ia ls ,
m e r c h a n d is e , equ ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b etw een v a r io u s ty p es o f esta b lish m en ts
su ch as:
M an u factu rin g p la n ts, freig h t d e p o ts, w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le sa le and
r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e ta il e sta b lis h m e n ts and c u s t o m e r s ' h ou ses
o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a lso loa d o r unload tr u ck w ith o r w ithout
h e lp e r s , m a ke m in o r m e c h a n ica l r e p a ir s , and k eep tr u ck in g ood w ork in g
o r d e r . S a le s -r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s are e x c lu d e d .

in v o lv e s : A kn ow led ge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s, a v a ila b le
m ea n s o f tr a n sp o rta tio n , and r a te s ; and p re p a rin g r e c o r d s o f the g ood s
sh ip p ed , m akin g up b ills o f la d in g , p ostin g w eigh t and shipping c h a r g e s , and
k eepin g a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g
o th e rs in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ipm en ts against b ills o f la d in g, in ­
v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g f o r sh o rta g e s and r e je c tin g dam aged g o o d s ;
routing m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; and m ain taining
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s ifie d b y s iz e and
type o f equ ipm en t, as fo llo w s : ( T r a c t o r -t r a ile r should be rated on the b a sis
o f t r a i le r c a p a city .)
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s are c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

light tru ck (under IV2 ton s)
m ed iu m tru ck ( 1V2 to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
h eavy tru ck (t r a ile r ) (o v e r 4 ton s)
h eavy tru ck (oth er than t r a i le r ) (o v e r 4 ton s)

Shipping c le r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

SH IPPING AND RE CEIVIN G C LE R K

W AREHOUSEM AN

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in co m in g sh ipm ents o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w ork

A s d ir e c t e d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f w a reh ou sin g duties w hich re q u ire
an u nderstan din g o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t




35

W A R E H O U SE M A N — Continued

M A T E R IA L H AN DLING L A B O R E R — Continued

o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r m e r c h a n d is e ) against r e c e iv in g
d o cu m e n ts, n oting and r e p o rtin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and ob v iou s d a m a g es; routing
m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e lo c a t io n s ; s to r in g , sta ck in g , o r p a lle tizin g
m a te r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m e th o d s; re a r ra n g in g and
talking in v e n to ry o f s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ; exam in in g s t o r e d m a te r ia ls and r e ­
p o rtin g d e t e r io r a tio n and d a m a g e; rem o v in g m a te r ia l fr o m sto ra g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r sh ip m en t. M ay op era te hand o r p o w e r tru ck s in p e r fo r m in g
w a reh ou sin g d u ties.

c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, sh elv in g , o r p la cin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r sto ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n sp o rtin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by h an dtru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w ho loa d and unload sh ip s , a re e x c lu d e d .

E x clu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g
w ork (s e e Shipping and R e c e iv in g C le rk and Shipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(se e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r op era tin g p o w e r tr u ck s (s e e P o w e r -T r u c k O p e ra to r ).

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a m anu ally c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tru ck
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o rt g ood s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m an u factu rin g plant, o r o th e r e sta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d by type o f p o w e r tr u c k , as fo llo w s :

O R D E R F IL L E R
F ills sh ipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish ed g ood s fr o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on sa le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in s tr u c tio n s . M ay, in addition to fillin g o r d e r s and in d icatin g
ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoin g o r d e r s , re q u isitio n a d d i­
tion a l sto ck o r r e p o r t sh o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r re la te d
d u tie s .
SHIPPING P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p r o d u c ts fo r sh ipm ent o r sto ra g e by p la cin g th em
in sh ipping c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ifi c o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d bein g dependent
upon the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b er o f units to be p a ck e d , the type o f con ta in er
e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm en t. W ork r e q u ir e s the p la cin g o f ite m s in
shipping con ta in ers and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K now ledge
o f v a r io u s ite m s o f sto ck in o r d e r to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p rop ria te
type and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in se r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r
o r o th e r m a te r ia l to p re v e n t b re a k a g e o r da m ag e; c lo s in g and sea lin g
co n ta in e r; and applying la b e ls o r en terin g id en tifyin g data on co n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s who a ls o m a ke w ood en b o x e s o r c ra te s are e x clu d ed .
M A T E R IA L HANDLING L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
oth er esta b lis h m e n t w h ose duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
L oad in g and unloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m freig h t




F o r k lift o p e r a to r
P o w e r -t r u c k o p e r a t o r (oth er than fo r k lift)

GUARD AND W A T C H M A N
G u a rd . P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r , m ain taining o r d e r , using a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y . In cludes
guards who a re sta tion ed at gate and ch eck on iden tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
W a tch m an . M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y against f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l e n try .

p e r io d ic a lly

in p r o te ctin g

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C lean s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w ork in g a re a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , ap artm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r
o th e r esta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : Sw eeping,
m op p in g o r sc r u b b in g , and p o lish in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g ch ip s, tr a s h , and oth er
r e fu s e ; dusting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lish in g m eta l fix tu re s o r
tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m a in ten a n ce s e r v ic e s ; and clean in g
la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in w indow
w ashin g are e x c lu d e d .

Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins or bulletin supplements is presented below. A d irectory of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at the request of the Employment
Standards A dm inistration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins m ay be purchased fro m any of the BLS regional office s shown on the back cover. Bulletin supplements may be
obtained without cost, where indicated, from BLS regional offices.
Area
A k ron , O hio, D e c. 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________
A lban y— ch en ectady—T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975 *_________________________________________
S
A n ah eim —
Santa Ana—G arden G ro v e , C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 5 * _______________________________
A tla n ta , G a., M ay 1976 — _____________________________________________________________
A u stin ,
T e x ., D ec.
1 9 7 5 1______________________________________________________________
B a ltim o re , M d., A ug. 1975 * ____________________________________________________________
B illin g s , M on t., July 1976_______________________________________________________________
B ingh am ton , N .Y .—P a ., July 1975 ______________________________________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M ar. 1 9 7 6 '_________________________________________________________
B oston , M a s s ., A ug. 1975 1______________________________________________________________
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 * ________________________________________________________________
Canton, O hio, M ay
1976_______________________________________________________________
C hattanooga, T enn.—G a., Sept. 1975 1__________________________________________________
C h ica g o , 111., M ay 1976!_________________________________________________________________
C in cin n ati, O hio—
Ky.— d ., M ar. 1976__________________________________________________
In
C lev ela n d , O hio, Sept. 1 97 5_____________________________________________________________
C olu m b u s, O hio, O ct. 1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________________________________________
C orp u s C h ris ti, T e x ., July 197 5________________________________________________________
D a lla s —F o r t W orth , T e x ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________
D avenport—R o c k Island—M o lin e , Iowa—
111., F e b . 1976________________________________
D ayton, O hio, D e c. 1975_________________________________________________________________
D aytona B ea ch , F la ., A u g. 1975________________________________________________________
D en ver—B o u ld e r, C o lo ., D e c. 1975____ _________________________________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r. 1976 *L
_____________________________________________________________
F o r t L a u d erd ale—H ollyw ood and W est P a lm B e a c h B o c a Raton, F la ., A p r. 1 9 7 6 __________________________________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1976
j___________________________________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975 ___________________________________________________________
G re e n B ay, W is ., July 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o -W in s t o n -S a le m -H ig h P oin t, N .C ., A ug. 197 5___________________________
G re e n v ille — p artan burg, S .C ., June 1 9 7 6 * ____________________________________________
S
H a rtford , Con n., M a r. 1976____ ______________________________________________ .__________
H ouston, T e x ., A p r. 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________________________
H u n tsv ille, A la ., F eb . 197 61
_____________________________________________________________
In d ia n a p olis, Ind., O ct. 1975 * __________________________________________________________
J a ck s on , M is s ., F eb . 1976 ______________________________________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1975 __________________________________________________________
K ansas City, M o.—K an s., Sept. 1 97 5___________________________________________________
L e x in g to n -F a y e tte , K y., N ov. 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________
L o s A n g e le s—L on g B ea ch , C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1___________________________________________
L o u is v ille , Ky.—
Ind., N ov. 1975 _______________________________________________________
M elb ou rn e—T itu s v ille — o co a , F la ., Aug. 1 97 5________________________________________
C
M em p h is, Tenn.— r k .—M is s ., N ov. 1975 ______________________________________________
A
* Prices are determ in ed b y the G overnm ent Printing O ffice and are su bje ct to chan ge.
1 Data on establishm ent p ra ctices and supplem entary w a g e provisions are also presented.
2 T o b e surveyed.




Bulletin number
and p rice *
1 8 5 0 -8 0 , 45 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -6 3 , $ 1 .2 0
1 8 5 0 -7 5 , 85 cen ts
1 9 0 0 -3 0 , 85 cen ts
1 8 5 0 -8 3 , 75 cen ts
185 0-6 2, $ 1 .3 0
185 0-4 6, 65 cents
185 0 -5 0 , 65 cents
1 9 0 0 -1 1 , 95 ce n ts
1 8 5 0 -5 8 , $ 1 .5 0
1 8 5 0 -6 9 , 95 ce n ts
1 9 0 0 -2 8 , 55 ce n ts
1 8 5 0 -6 7 , 85 cents
1 9 0 0 -3 2 , $ 1 .0 5
1 9 0 0 -7 , 75 ce n ts
18 5 0 -6 4 , $ 1 .3 0
1 8 5 0 -7 8 , 95 ce n ts
18 5 0 -3 7 , 65 cents
18 5 0 -5 9 , $ 1 .5 0
1 9 0 0 -2 5 , 55 ce n ts
1 8 5 0 -7 3 , 45 ce n ts
1 8 5 0 -4 7 , 65 ce n ts
1 8 5 0 -8 2 , 75 ce n ts
1 9 0 0 -1 5 , $ 1 .2 5
1 9 0 0 -2 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 9 ,
1 8 5 0 -5 7 ,
185 0 -4 4 ,
185 0 -4 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -3 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -2 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -1 7 ,
185 0 -6 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -8 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 1 ,
185 0 -5 5 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 6 ,
1 8 5 0 -7 9 ,
18 5 0 -5 4 ,
1 8 5 0 -8 5 ,

55 ce n ts
55 cen ts
$ 1 .1 0
80 cents
65 cents
85 cen ts
55 ce n ts
85 cen ts
55 cen ts
95 cents
55 cen ts
45 cen ts
80 cents
75 cen ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 cen ts
65 cents
45 cen ts

A rea

Bulletin number
and p rice *

M i a m i , F l a . , O c t . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 6 , 9 5 c e n t s
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 7 6 _____ _____________ ________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 2 2 , 8 5 c e n t s
M i n n e a p o l i s —S t, P a u l , M i n n . —W i s . . J a n . 1 9 7 6 — ___________________________________ . _________ 1 9 0 0 - 3 ,
95 cen ts
N a s s a u - S u f f o l k , N . Y . , J u n e 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 3 5 , 8 5 c e n t s
N e w a r k , N .J ., J a n . 19 7 6
_____________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 0 , 8 5 c e n t s
75 cen ts
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 2 ,
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 5 , $ 1 . 1 0
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a . —N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 6 * _______________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 2 7 , 8 5 c e n t s
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . —N . C . , M a y 1 9 7 6 * ____________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 3 3 , 8 5 c e n t s
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , A u g . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 2 , 6 5 c e n t s
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 1 , 6 5 c e n t s
O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a , O c t . 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 6 , $ 1 . 1 0
P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 * ____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 3 8 , 8 0 c e n t s
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 ________________________ ,_________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 5 , 8 5 c e n t s
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 7 6 * ___________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 , $ 1 . 1 5
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 2 ,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 7 5
______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 0 , 7 5 c e n t s
P o u g h k e e p s i e , N . Y . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 * ______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 0 ,
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K i n g s t o n - N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , J u n e 1 9 7 5 * ___________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 8 ,
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , ; R . I . —M a s s . , J u n e 1 9 7 6 ______ _____________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 3 1 , 7 5 c e n t s
R a l e i g h —D u r h a m , N . C . , F e b . 1 9 7 6 ______________________- ___________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 8 , 5 5 c e n t s
R i c h m o n d , V a . , J u n e 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 3 4 ,
S t. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1 9 7 6 * _______________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 9 .
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D e c . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 8 7 ,
S a g i n a w , M i c h . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 1 ,
S a l t L a k e C i t y —O g d e n , U t a h , N o v . 1 9 7 5 * ____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 4 ,
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 2 3 , 6 5 c e n t s
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 7 7 ,

45cen ts
65c e n t s
75ce n ts

65ce n ts
$ 1 .2 5
45ce n ts
35cen ts
7 5 cen ts
45 cen ts

S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 ______ __________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 9 , 9 5 c e n t s
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 3 ,
75cen ts
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 1 9 7 6
______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 6 , 6 5 c e n t s
S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 5 , 5 5 c e n t s
S t a m f o r d , C o n n . 1 2 _______________________________________________________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 3 ,
65ce n ts
T o l e d o , O h i o —M i c h . , M a y 1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________________________________1 9 0 0 - 2 4 , 5 5 c e n t s
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 6 0 , $ 1 . 2 0
U t i c a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 5 * _________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 4 8 ,
80c e n t s
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C .—M d .—V a . , M a y . 1 9 7 6 ,
______________________________________________________ j 1 9 0 0 - 1 2 , 8 5 c e n t s
W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n t y , N . Y . , M a y 1 9 7 5 * _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 - 5 3 , 8 0 c e n t s
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 2 1 , 5 5
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1 9 7 6 __________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 6 , 5 5
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 6 _ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 4 , 5 5

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts,

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

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Lab-441

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