View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Area Wage

The Greenville, South Carolina, Metropolitan Area
May 1969

6 2 5 -7 0

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU CF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N.Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
911 Walnut S t., 10th Floor
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Greenville, South Carolina, Metropolitan Area
May 1 9 6 9

B u lletin No. 1 6 2 5 -7 0
July 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 35 cents






C ontents

P reface

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f an n u al
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a r e a s i s d e ­
sig n e d to p r o v id e d a ta on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d a ta by s e le c t e d in d u str y d iv isio n fo r ea c h
o f the a r e a s stu d ie d , fo r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and fo r the
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is
the n eed fo r g r e a t e r in s ig h t into (1 ) the m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l , an d (2 ) the s t r u c ­
tu r e and le v e l o f w a g e s am on g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l­
le tin p r e s e n t s su r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ie d .
A fte r
c o m p le tio n of a ll o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a round
o f s u r v e y s , a tw o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin i s i s s u e d .
Th e
f i r s t p a r t b r in g s d a ta fo r e a c h o f the m e tro p o lita n a r e a s
stu d ie d into one b u lle tin . T h e se c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s i n f o r ­
m a tio n w hich h a s b ee n p r o je c t e d fr o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o lita n a r e a d a ta to r e la t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s and the
U n ited S t a t e s .

In tro d u c tio n ________________________________________________________________
W age tr e n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ___________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

B.
N in ety a r e a s c u r r e n tly a r e in clu d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , in fo r m a tio n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
i s c o lle c te d a n n u ally an d on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
su p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the su r v e y in
G r e e n v ille , S . C . , in M ay 1969- T h e S ta n d a rd M e tro p o lita n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin ed by the B u r e a u of the B u d g et
th ro u gh J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s is t s of G r e e n v ille and P ic k e n s
C o u n tie s. T h is stu dy w a s co n d u cted by the B u r e a u 's r e ­
g io n a l o ffic e in A tla n ta , G a . , u n d er the g e n e r a l d i r e c ­
tion o f D on ald M . C r u s e , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r
O p e r a t io n s .




1
5

E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e o f su r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d ie d _____________________________________________________
In d e x e s o f sta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s ______________________
O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s—m en and w om en ________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—m en and
w om en ______________________________________________________
A -3 . O ffic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m en and w om en c o m b in e d ________________________________
A -4 . M a in te n a n ce and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s__________________
A - 5. C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s --------------E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n tra n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s ____________________________________________________
B - 2 . S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ___________________________________________
B - 3 . S ch e d u le d w eek ly h o u r s ____________________________________
B - 4 . P a id h o lid a y s ________________________________________________
B - 5 . P a id v a c a t i o n s ______________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s _____________________
B - 7 . M ethod o f w age d e te rm in a tio n and fre q u e n c y of
p ay m e n t____________________________________________________

A p p en d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t io n s _____________________________________

areas.

N O T E : S i m i la r ta b u la tio n s
(S e e in s id e b a c k c o v e r .)

a r e a v a ila b le fo r o th e r

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n in g s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age
p r o v is io n s in the G r e e n v ille —S p a r ta n b u r g a r e a i s a l s o
a v a ila b le fo r cotton and m a n - m a d e fib e r t e x t ile s (S e p te m ­
b e r 1968).

iii

4
6
7
9
10
11
12

14
15
16
17
18
20
21
23




Area Wage Survey
The Greenville, S.C., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w h ich the U .S . D e p a rtm e n t of L a b o r 's
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s co n d u cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la t e d b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1 In th is a r e a , d a ta w e re
o b ta in e d by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s of B u r e a u fie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n t ­
a tiv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ithin s i x b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M an u ­
fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l it i e s ;
w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e se s tu d ie s a r e
go v e rn m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h av in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er of w o r k e r s a r e
o m itte d b e c a u s e th e y ten d to fu r n ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a tip n s stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n . S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e
p ro v id e d fo r e a c h of the b r o a d in d u str y d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u b li­
ca tio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cted on a sa m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o st in v o lv ed in su rv e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p ro p o rtio n of
l a r g e than of s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is stu d ie d . In co m b in in g the d a ta ,
h o w e v e r, a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t. E s ­
t im a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o se below the m in im u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stu d y a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fac tu rin g i n d u s t r ie s , and a r e of the
fo llo w in g t y p e s : (1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t; and (4) c u sto d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t. O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s if i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm se t of jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e sig n e d to ta k e acc o u n t of in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ithin the s a m e jo b . The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stu d y
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the a p p e n d ix . The e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g
the jo b t it l e s a r e fo r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d . E a r n in g s d a ta fo r so m e
of the o c c u p a tio n s l is t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r fo r so m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e ith e r (1) em p lo y m en t in the o c c u p a tio n i s to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough
d a ta to m e r it p r e s e n ta t io n , o r (2) th e r e i s p o s s ib i l it y of d i s c l o s u r e
of in d iv id u a l e s ta b lish m e n t d a ta .
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New Yoric State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




O c c u p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e show n fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sc h e d u le
in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s if i c a t i o n . E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s . N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a re . e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - liv in g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W here w e e k ly h o u rs
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the
s t a n d a r d w o rk w ee k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p ay
fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s fo r th e se o c c u p a tio n s h ave b e e n ro u n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e f le c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s t i ­
m a t e s . I n d u s t r ie s and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d iffe r in p ay le v e l and jo b
sta ffin g an d , th u s, c o n trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s t im a t e s fo r e a c h jo b .
The p ay r e la t io n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w a g e s p r e a d o r d if f e r e n t ia l m a in ta in e d a m o n g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S i m i la r l y , d if f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s fo r m en and w om en in any of the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s sh o u ld
not b e a s s u m e d to r e f le c t d if f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a tm e n t of the s e x e s
w ithin in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . O ther p o s s ib l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y
c o n trib u te to d if f e r e n c e s in p ay fo r m en and w om en in c lu d e : D if f e r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s t a b lis h e d r a t e r a n g e s , sin c e on ly the
a c tu a l r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c te d ; and d if f e r e n c e s in s p e c if ic
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , alth ou gh the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r ia te ly
w ithin the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n . Jo b d e s c r ip t io n s u s e d in
c l a s s if y i n g e m p lo y e e s in th e se s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d
th an th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and allo w fo r m in o r
d if f e r e n c e s am o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o ta l in
a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the sc o p e of the stu d y and not the n u m b er
a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t o b ­
ta in e d fr o m th e sa m p le of e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te
the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e of the jo b s stu d ie d . T h e s e d if f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n i s p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s) on s e le c t e d
e s ta b lish m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s a s th ey
r e la t e to p lan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s . A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s who a r e u tiliz e d
a s a s e p a r a t e w o rk f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . " P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e

2
w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffice fu n c tio n s. " O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s. C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g i n d u s t r ie s , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fac tu rin g
in d u s t r ie s .
M in im u m e n tra n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m en o ffic e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e la t e only to the e s t a b lis h m e n t s v is it e d . B e c a u s e of the o p tim u m
sa m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b ility th at l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h a v e f o r m a l e n tra n c e r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
ab o v e the s u b c l e r ic a l le v e l than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the ta b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t iv e of p o lic ie s in m e d iu m and l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
Sh ift d iffe r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - 2 ) a r e lim ite d to p lan t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s . T h is in fo r m a tio n i s p r e s e n te d both in
t e r m s of (1) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c y ,2 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s of to t a l p lan t
w o rk e r erh p lo y m en t, and (2) e ffe c tiv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c if ie d sh ift a t the tim e of the
su r v e y . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h avin g v a r ie d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the am ount
a p p ly in g to a m a jo r it y w a s u s e d o r , if no am ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity ,
the c l a s s if i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ich so m e
la t e - s h i f t h o u rs a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d
on ly if it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y of the sh ift h o u r s .
Th e sc h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs (ta b le B -3 ) of a m a jo r it y of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lish m e n t a r e ta b u la te d a s ap p ly in g to
a ll of the p lan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of th a t e s t a b lis h m e n t . S ch e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u rs a r e th o s e w h ich f u ll- tim e e m p lo y e e s w e re e x p e c te d to
w o rk , w h eth er th ey w e re p a id fo r at s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r tim e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s ; and fre q u e n c y of w age p ay m en t
(ta b le s B - 4 th ro u g h B -7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s i s th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll
p lan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r it y of su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t i c e s lis t e d . S u m s of in d iv id u a l
ite m s in t a b le s B - 2 th ro u gh B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e of
ro u n d in g.
D a ta on p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) a r e lim ite d to d a ta on h o li­
d a y s g ra n te d a n n u ally on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p ro v id e d fo r
in w r itte n f o r m , o r (2) h av e b e e n e s t a b lis h e d b y c u sto m . H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a r e in c lu d e d ev en though th ey m a y f a l l on a non­
w o rk d a y an d the w o r k e r i s not g ra n te d a n o th er d a y o ff. Th e f i r s t
2
A n e s ta b lish m e n t w a s c o n sid e re d a s h a v in g a p o lic y i f i t
d itio n s: (1 ) O p e ra te d la t e sh ifts a t th e tim e o f th e su rv e y , o r (2 ) h a d
la t e sh ifts. A n e s ta b lish m e n t w a s c o n s id e re d as h a v in g fo r m a l p ro v isio n s
sh ifts du rin g th e 12 m o n th s p r io r to th e su rv e y , o r ( 2 ) h a d p ro v isio n s in
la t e sh ifts.




p a r t of the p a id h o lid a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r of w h ole and h a lf
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g ra n te d . The se c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf
h o lid a y s to show t o ta l h o lid a y t im e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (ta b le B -5 ) i s lim ite d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v i s i o n s . It i s not in ten ded a s a
m e a s u r e of the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c if ic b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v is io n s of a n e s t a b lis h m e n t fo r a ll le n g th s of s e r v i c e w e re
ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to a ll p lan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s of len gth of s e r v i c e . P r o v i s i o n s fo r p ay m en t on
o th e r th an a tim e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a p ay m en t of 2 p e r c e n t of an n u al e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s the e q u iv ­
a le n t of 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t io n - s a v in g s p la n s and
th o se w h ich o ffe r " e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyond b a s i c
p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v i c e . T y p ic a l of su ch
e x c lu s io n s a r e p la n s in t(ie s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and can i n d u s t r ie s .
D a ta on h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) in ­
clu d e th o s e p la n s fo r w h ich the e m p lo y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t of the
c o s t . S u ch p la n s in c lu d e th o s e u n d e rw ritte n by a c o m m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e
co m p an y and th o se p ro v id e d th ro u g h a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly by
the e m p lo y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g fu n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s id e
fo r th is p u r p o s e . An e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d to h av e a p la n
if the m a jo r it y of e m p lo y e e s w a s e lig ib le to be c o v e r e d u n d er the
p la n , ev en if l e s s th an a m a jo r it y e le c te d to p a r t ic ip a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e re r e q u ir e d to co n trib u te to w a r d the c o s t of th e p la n . L e ­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r it y , and r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t w e re e x c lu d e d .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim ite d to th at ty p e of
in s u r a n c e u n d er w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d d u rin g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y . In fo rm a tio n i s
p r e s e n te d fo r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s. H ow ­
e v e r , in New Y o rk an d New J e r s e y , w h ich h av e e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y
d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s, 3 p la n s
a r e in c lu d e d on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n trib u te s m o r e th an i s le g a lly
r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the
r e q u ir e m e n t s of the la w . T a b u la tio n s of p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
lim ite d to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r tio n of the
w o r k e r 's p ay d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o rk b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s . S e p a r a t e
ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to (1) p la n s w h ich p ro v id e fu ll p ay
and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e e ith e r p a r t i a l p ay
o r a w a itin g p e r io d . In a d d itio n to the p r e s e n ta t io n of the p r o p o r tio n s
of w o r k e r s who a r e p ro v id e d s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id
s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l i s show n of w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e
e ith e r o r both ty p e s of b e n e f it s .

m e t e ith e r o f th e fo llo w in g c o n ­
T h e te m p o ra ry d is a b ility la w s in C a lifo r n ia a n d R h od e I sla n d do n o t re q u ire e m p lo y e r
fo r m a l p ro v isio n s c o v e rin g
co n tr ib u tio n s.
4
i f i t ( 1 ) h a d o p e r a te d la t e
A n e s ta b lish m e n t w as c o n s id e re d as h a v in g a fo r m a l p l a n i f it e s ta b lish e d a t le a s t th e
w ritte n fo rm fo r o p e r a tin g
m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e a v a i la b le to e a c h e m p lo y e e .
S u c h a p la n n e e d n o t b e
w ritte n , b u t in fo r m a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s is , w ere e x c lu d e d .

3
C a ta str o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a jo r m e d ­
i c a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o se p la n s w hich a r e d e sig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e of s i c k n e s s and in ju ry in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b ey o n d
th e n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, an d s u r g i c a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p ro v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a r t ia l
p ay m en t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Su ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e rw ritte n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on p ro fit o r g a n iz a t io n s o r th ey m a y
b e p a id fo r b y the e m p lo y e r out of a fund s e t a s id e fo r th is p u r p o s e .
T a b u la tio n s of r e t ir e m e n t p e n sio n p la n s a r e lim ite d to th o se p la n s
th a t p ro v id e r e g u l a r p a y m e n ts fo r the r e m a in d e r of the w o r k e r 's lif e .
M ethod of w age d e te rm in a tio n (ta b le B -7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
ty p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e fo r w o r k e r s p a id u n d er v a r io u s tim e and in ­
ce n tiv e s y s t e m s . U n d er a sin g le r a t e s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e i s p a id
to a ll e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s in the s a m e jo b c l a s s if i c a t i o n . An in d iv id ­
u a l w o rk e r o c c a s io n a lly m a y be p aid a b o v e o r b elow the sin g le r a t e




fo r s p e c ia l r e a s o n s , but su c h p a y m e n ts a r e e x c e p tio n s. A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c if i e s the m in im u m a n d /o r m a x im u m r a t e p a id e x p e r i ­
en ce d w o r k e r s fo r the s a m e jo b . In fo rm a tio n a l s o i s p ro v id e d on the
m eth od of p r o g r e s s io n th ro u g h the r a n g e . In the a b se n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a lific a t io n s of the in d iv id u a l w o r k e r d e te rm in e
the p a y r a t e . In fo rm a tio n on ty p e s of in c e n tiv e p la n s i s p r o v id e d on ly
fo r p lan t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of the low in c id e n ce of su ch p la n s fo r o ffic e
w o r k e r s . U n d er a p ie c e w o rk s y s t e m , a p r e d e te r m in e d r a t e i s p aid
fo r e a c h unit of output. P r o d u c tio n b o n u se s a r e b a s e d on p ro d u c tio n
o v e r a qu ota o r c o m p le tio n of a jo b in l e s s th an s ta n d a r d tim e .
Com ­
p e n sa tio n on a c o m m is s io n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n ts b a s e d on a
p e r c e n ta g e of v a lu e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b in a tio n o f a s ta te d s a l a r y
p lu s a p e r c e n ta g e .
D a ta on fre q u e n c y
ta b le B - 7 .

of w a g e

p ay m en t a l s o

are

p ro v id e d in

4

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 M a y 1969
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts

I n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

T o t a l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

P ercen t

O ffic e
T o ta l4

252

106

6 5 ,7 0 0

100

5 2 ,8 0 0

5 ,6 0 0

3 8 ,5 6 0

50
-

150
102

57
49

5 2 ,1 0 0
1 3 ,6 0 0

79
21

4 4 ,4 0 0
8 ,4 0 0

3, 100
2 ,5 0 0

2 9 ,0 2 0
9 ,5 4 0

50
50
50
50
50

28
15
32
14
13

12
6
14
7
10

3 ,4 0 0
1 ,2 0 0
5 ,6 0 0
1 ,7 0 0
1 ,7 0 0

5
2
9
2
3

A ll d i v i s i o n s __________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________ _________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g — __ __________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e — ____________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ___ __ _________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v i c e s 8-----------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

2 ,1 0 0
(6 )
(6 )
(J)
(6 )

400
(6 )
(8 )
(6 )
(6 )

2 ,2 3 0
570
4 , 110
1 ,2 1 0
1 ,4 2 0

1 T h e G r e e n v i l l e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f G r e e n v i l l e a n d P i c k e n s C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in
s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d ,
h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b li s h m e n t
d a t a c o m p ile d ” c o n s id e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n . A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
8
T h is in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e en o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) th e s a m p le
w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lish m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a t a f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s : l a u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t io n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s
a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A l m o s t f o u r - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e G r e e n v i l l e a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c if i c i n d u s t r i e s

T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s ___________ 49
A p p a r e l a n d o th e r t e x t il e
p r o d u c t s ________________________ 17
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ___ 10
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s __________________________ 6
C h e m ic a ls an d a llie d
p r o d u c t s ________________________ 5

W e a v in g m i l l s , c o t t o n __________ 19
W e a v in g m i l l s , s y n t h e t ic s ______17
W o m e n 's a n d m i s s e s '
o u t e r w e a r ______________________ 9
S p e c i a l in d u s t r y m a c h i n e r y ____ 7

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the w age
tr e n d s r e la t e to r e g u l a r w e ek ly s a l a r i e s fo r the n o r m a l w o rk w eek ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a r n in g s fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r p lan t w o rk e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s , ex c lu d in g
p re m iu m p ay f o r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s . The p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c c u ­
p a tio n s an d in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ithin
e a c h g ro u p .

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s an d p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
an d in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s of s e le c t e d p lan t w o rk e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e rc e n t o f
w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d (d a te of the a r e a su r v e y co n d u cte d
b etw een J u ly I960 and Ju n e 1961).
S u b tr a c tin g 100 f r o m the in d ex
y ie ld s the p e r c e n ta g e ch an g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r io d to the
d a te of the in d e x .
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an ge o r i n c r e a s e r e la t e to
w age c h a n g e s b etw een the in d ic a te d d a t e s .
T h e se e s t im a t e s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f ch an ge in a v e r a g e s fo r the a r e a ; th ey a r e not in ten d ed
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay c h a n g e s in the e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the a r e a .

L im it a tio n s of D ata

M ethod o f C om p u tin g
Th e in d e x e s an d p e r c e n ta g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
ch an g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d by: (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w age c h a n g e s , (2) m e r it o r o th e r i n c r e a s e s in p ay r e c e iv e d by in d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e jo b , an d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e r e s u lt in g fr o m la b o r tu r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , an d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d iffe r e n t p ay l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout a c t u a l w age c h a n g e s. It i s c o n c e iv a b le
th at ev en though a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w age i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h ave d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n te re d the a r e a o r ex p an d ed th e ir w o rk f o r c e s .
S i m i la r l y , w a g e s
m a y h ave r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly c o n sta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y .h a v e r i s e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r- p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n te re d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e le c t e d k ey o c c u p a tio n s w ithin a n o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p w a s a s s ig n e d a w eigh t b a s e d on i t s p ro p o rtio n a te em p lo y m en t
in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p .
T h e s e c o n sta n t w e ig h ts r e f le c t b a s e y e a r
e m p lo y m e n ts w h e re v e r p o s s ib l e .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e re m u ltip lie d b y the o c c u p a tio n a l w eig h t, an d the
p r o d u c ts fo r a l l o c c u p a tio n s in the g ro u p w e re to ta le d . The a g g r e g a t e s
fo r 2 c o n se c u tiv e y e a r s w e re r e la t e d b y d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e fo r
the la t e r y e a r by the a g g r e g a t e fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The r e su lta n t
r e la t iv e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t, sh ow s the p e r c e n ta g e c h a n g e . . The in d ex
i s the p ro d u ct o f m u ltip ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100) by the r e la t iv e
fo r the n ext su c c e e d in g y e a r an d co n tin u in g to m u ltip ly (com pound)
e a c h y e a r 's r e la t iv e by the p r e v io u s y e a r ' s in d ex . A v e r a g e e a r n in g s
fo r the follo w in g o c c u p a tio n s w e re u s e d in co m p u tin g the w age t r e n d s:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m en ): O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n )— S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
C o n tin u e d
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
o p e ra to rs, c l a s s B
S e c r e ta r ie s
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a c h in ists
C le r k s, a c c o u n t in g , c la s s e s
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs, se n io r
M e c h a n ic s
A an d B
S w itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rs, c la s s e s
C le r k s, f i l e , c la s s e s
M e c h a n ic s ( a u t o m o tiv e )
A , B, a n d C
A and B
P a in te rs
T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs,
P ip e fitte rs
C le r k s, o rd e r
c la s s B
T o o l a n d d ie m a k e rs
C le r k s, p a y ro ll
T y p is ts, c la s s e s A a n d B
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
K e y p u n c h o p e ra to rs, c la s s e s
U n s k ille d p l a n t (m e n ):
In d u stria l nu rses ( m e n a n d w o m e n )
A an d B
J a n ito r s , p o rte rs, a n d c le a n e r s
N u rse s, in d u stria l ( r e g is te r e d )
O ffic e b o ys a n d g irls
L a b o re rs, m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g




The u s e of c o n sta n t em p lo y m en t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e ffe c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p ro p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c lu d e d in the d a ta .
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an g e r e f le c t on ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p ay fo r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r s .
T h ey a r e not in flu e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in sta n d a r d w o rk s c h e d u le s , a s su ch , o r by p re m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e . W here n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e re a d ju s te d to re m o v e fr o m
the in d e x e s an d p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an g e an y s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u se d
b y c h a n g e s in the sc o p e of the s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b le 2. In d e x e s of S ta n d a r d W eekly S a l a r i e s and S t r a ig h t - T im e H o u rly E a r n in g s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G r o u p s in
G r e e n v ille , S. C ., M ay 1969 and M ay 1968, and P e r c e n t s of I n c r e a s e fo r S e le c t e d P e r io d s
In d e x e s

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e
M ay 1968
to
M ay 1969

In d u str y and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p
M ay 1969

M ay 1968

A ll i n d u s t r i e s :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )____
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w om en) —
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e ( m e n ) _ ______
U n sk ille d p lan t (m e n )_____________ __

144.7
139.5
147.2
151.3

136.4
132.1
137.8
140.4

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )____
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w om en )—
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en )___________
U n sk ille d p lan t (m e n )________________

143.0
139.5
148.3
151.8

134.3
132.1
138.6
141.8

M ay 1967
to
M ay 1968

6.1

7.7

7.0
6.7
8.7

5.3
6.9
5 .8
5.9

6 .4

5.6

6.5
5.6
7.0
7.0

6 .4
7.0
6 .4
6.9

4.9
6.9
5.8
5.9

6 .3

6.8

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )-----I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w om en )—
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e ( m e n ) ___________
U n sk ille d p lan t (m e n )----------------------




—
—

M ay 1965
to
M ay 1966

6.1

M ay 1963
to
M ay 1964
A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )-----I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w om en )—
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en )---------------U n sk ille d p lan t (m e n )_________________ —

M ay 1966
to
M ay 1967

__________________________

M ay 1962
to
M ay 1963

4 .3
4.5
4.9
5.7

3.3
4.7

3.0
4 .5
5.2

3.5
4.7
.7

6.2

1. 6

1.1

1.5

1.8

4 .8
3.9

1.8

5.6
7.1
A p r il 1961
to
M ay 1962

M ay 1964
to
M ay 1965

3.1
3.0
4 .4
4 .3
3 .4
3.0
4 .4
3.7
M ay I960
to
A p ril 1961

3.3
.7
5 .2
4 .8

2.0

2.6

3.7

.7
5.5
4.5

2.1

2.7
2.1

1.5

1.8

1.7

7

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w eekly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u stry d iv is io n , G r e e n v ille , S . C . , M ay 1969)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w eekly e a r n in g s of—
S e x , o ccu p atio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
woikers

$

Average
weekly

( standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

55
and
u n der
60

t

$
60

t
65

*
7C

$
75

8C

t

85

%

9C

$

95

%

$

100

105

*

$
110

s
115

s
12C

125

$

$
130

135

$

1 AC

and
65

7C

75

80

85

90

95

ICC

105

110

115

12C

125

130

135

1AC

over

1

2

1

6

2

-

*

2

-

-

-

35

_

5
3

3
3

3

3

4

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

SEN
CLERKS,

AC CO U N TI NG ,

CLASS

A -

OFF I C E B C Y S ---------------------------------NCNMA NU FA CTU RIN G -----------------TABULATING-MACHINE CPERATCRS ,
C L A S S B ----------------------------------------

$

$

122 . 5C 1 C 5 .C 0

$
$
1 0 1 .0 C -1 5 5 .C O

19

3 9 .5

21

15

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

7 6 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

8 1 . CO
7 2 .5 0

6 A. 5 0 6 3 .5 0 -

16

3 9 .5

9 A .5 0

9 9 . CO

8 6 .0 C - 1 0 A .5 C

32
2C

AO. 0
AC.O

8 A .5 0
8 1 .0 0

8 6 . CO
8A .C0

7 7 . 0 0 - 9C.CC
7 A .5 0 - 6 8 .5 0

8 7 .5 0
8 5 . CO

'

'
_

-

6
6

2

i

2
2

-

-

-

2

2

-

2

7

3
3

4
2

n
7

“

11

_

_

7

“

“

fc
2

15

19

15

u

6
6

22

1

15
7

i
-

7
4

30
13
17

WOMEN

B I L L E R S , MA C HI N E ( B I L L I N G
M A C H I N E ) --------------------------------------M ANUFAC T L R I N G --------------------------

~

fc

2
2

2

2
2

_

4

13
1C
3

4
4
-

3
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

11

5
4
i

4
A
-

21

3

17
4

2
1

_
-

7
3
4

1
1

_
-

_
-

*

-

1
1

13

5

4
4

i

11
2

-

3

-

1

1
1

“

B I L L E R S , MA C HI N E ( B O O K K E E P I N G
M A C H I N E ) --------------------------------------NC NM AN LFA C TU RI N G --------------------

2A

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 1 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

7 7 .5 0
7 A . 50

7 1 . 0 0 - 9 3 .0 0
6 5 .5 G - 7 9 . CO

_

B O O K K E E P I N G - M A C H IN E C P E R A T C R S ,
C L A S S B ----------------------------------------MANU FAC TU RIN G ------------------------NCNMA NU FA CTU RIN G -------------------

98
23
75

AC.O
AO.O
AC.O

7 9 . 5C
9 0 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

7 9 . CO
9 2 . CO
7 5 . CO

7 2 . CC- 8 7 . CO
8 A.OO- 9 5 . CO
7 0 . 5 0 - 8 2 . CO

_
-

C L E R K S , A C COU NT ING , C L A S S A ---M AN U FA C TL RI NG -------------------------NC NMA NUFACTURING -------------------

79
53
26

4C.C
AO.O
3 9 .5

9 7 . 5C 9 e . c o
9 7 .0 0 IOC .CO
9 8 .5 0
9 A .5 0

8 4 .0 0 - lC e .5 C
8 A .5 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0
8 2 . 5 0 - 1 1 6 . CC

C L E R K S , AC CO U N TI NG , C L A S S B —
MA NU FAC TU RIN G ------------------------NCNMA NU FA CTU RIN G -------------------

173
99
7A

AO.O
4C .C
3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

8 C .5 0
7 9 . CO
8 2 . CO

7 A .5 0 - e7 .C C
7 A .0 C - 8 7 .5 0
7 6 . 0 0 - 8 7 .0 0

_

-

-

12

-

3
9

36
29
7

22

36
15

~

13

21

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ---------------MANU FAC TU RIN G --------------------------

26

3 9 .5
AC.C

7 2 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

7 2 . CO
7 C .5 0

6 7 .5 0 6 6 . 00 -

_

6
fc

9
7

2
2

5

“

4
4

CLERKS,

CRCER --------------------------------

36

8A .C 0

7 8 . 0 C - 9 6 . CO

-

-

-

5

7

8

2

5

5

2

-

2

C L E R K S , PA YRO LL ---------------------------M AN UFACTURING -------------------------NCNMANUF ACT URI NG --------------------

100

8 6 .5 0
8 6 . CO
8 9 . CC

7 6 . 0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 7 . 0 0 - 9 1 . CC
7 5 .0 C -1 C C .5 C

-

_
-

i
i

23
16
7

8

13

20

21

3

3

A

11
2

18

17
4

-

-

4

3

7
4
3

-

3

_

-

_

_

8

22
22

15
13

3

_

_

4

1

_
-

2

12

12

6

1C

25
23

27

-

A6
3C
16

12

2

15

9
3

3
3

2
2

6

4

28
19
9
i

50
32
18
3

38
2C
IB

58
39
19

38
25
13

4

4

4

16
5

-

1

-

3

i

i

36

>
O
o

21

7 e.C C
7 A.5 0

8 5 .5 0

7C
3C

3 9 .5
AC.C
3 9 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 A .0 0
8 8 .0 0

KEYPUNCH O P E RA TO R S, C L A S S A —
M AN UFACTURING --------------------------

56
48

3 9 .5
AG . 0

e 5 .5 0
e A .5 0

8 A. 50

8A .C 0

8 1 . 5 0 - 8 9 .0 0
8 1 . 0 0 - 8 8 . CO

KEYPUNCH O P E RA TO R S, C L A S S B —
M AN UFA CT URI NG -------------------------NCNMANUF ACT URI NG --------------------

132
89
A3

3 9 .5
AO.O
3 8 .0

7 7 . CC
7 7 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

7 6 .5 0
7 6 . CO
8 C .C 0

7 2 . 0C - 8 2 . 5C
7 2 . 0 0 - 8 2 . OC
7 2 . 0 0 - 8 3 . 5C

S E C R E T A R I E S 4 ----------------------------------M AN UFACTURING -------------------------NCNMA NU FA CTU RIN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5----------------

A05
231

9 9 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 8 . CO
9 9 . CO

8 8 . C O -112.C C

33

3 9 .5
9 9 .5 0
AO.O 1 0 0 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
3 9 .0
AC.C
9 8 .0 0

22

AO.O 1 1 8 .5 0

SECR ETARIES,

CLASS

A --------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




17 A

1 1 7 .5 0

6
6

2
2

5
5

2
2

15

-

15

21
21

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

-

-

~

2
-

-

8 9 .5 C - 1 1 2 .C 0
8 6 . 0 0 - 1 1 3 . CC
8 7 .5 0 - 1 0 8 . 5 0

-

1 0 9 .C C - 1 3 1 .C C

-

-

2

-

1
1

35

7

_
-

-

21
6

1A

15

-

■

4

2
2

-

-

-

-

1A

8

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

2

7

-

-

34
18

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

39
27

18
1A

16

23
6

12

4

12

fc

12

4

1

4
-

2

17
*

4

3

-

4

i
i

-

6

fc

-

i

*

2

3

1

2

-

-

2

3

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s try d iv is io n , G r e e n v ille , S . C . , M ay 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

S e x . o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

N u m b e r o f w o rk e r s
$

weekly
hours1
standard)

55
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

WOMEN -

65

7C

$
75

e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

$
ec

$

i

85

sc

95

s

100

s

$
105

$

t

110

115

1

S

120

12 5

$
13 C

*
13 5

1AC
and

65

70

75

80

85

-

-

-

-

~

4

2

-

-

6

-

ii

10
1

16
13
3

6
4
2
2

13
9

31
19

4
i

12
2

25
19
fc

27

39
25
1A

23
9
1A

-

-

3
3
“

1A
7
7

90

110

H5

95

ICO

10 5

2

8

-

A
A

A
3

9
7

1

2

11

22

fc
5

15
7

13
7

19
1C
9
i

29

15

21
8
4

11
4

it
1A

5

8

2

2

3

5
3

31

11

6

6

120

125

13 0

135

1A0

5
5

9
5
A

1

2

-

-

1

2

1A

2

2
12

i
i

1
1

-

*

i
i
i

“

*

3

3

1

-

3

2
1

1

~

2

-

over

C O N TI N U ED

C C N T IN L E C

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S E -----M A N UFA CT URI NG -----------------NC NMA NU FA CTU RI NG -----------SECR ETARIES,

60

s

S

and
under
60

SECR ETARIES4 -

s

*

81
At
35

C L A S S C -----------------------

m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------n c n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------------M A N UFA CT URI NG ----------------------------------NON MANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------------------

3 9.5
AO.O
3 9.0

3 9 . 5 102.00 1 0 1 . CO
97.5 0
AO.O
98.5 0
3 9 . C 1 C 5.50 1 0 7 .0 0

90 .5 0 -1 1 3 .C C
88. o c - i c e . c c
9 6 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

165

3 9.5
AC . 0
3 9.0
AO.O

9 0 .5 0
9A.5C
8 3 . 5G
91 .5 0

9 1 . CO
95.5 0
86.50
9 5 .5 0

8 2 .5 0 - 99 .5 0
8 6 .5 C -1 C 3 .5 0
7 1 . 0 0 - 9A .5C
8 1 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

8 6 .50
8A.5C
9C .0C

83.50
8 2 . CO
85.5 0

9 7 . 0C
9A .C 0
91 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
1 C 2 . 5 0 1 0 2 . CO

1 C1
64
16

101
55

AO.O
AO.O
3 9 .5

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ------------------------M A N UFA CT URI NG ----------------------------------NON M AN LFA C TU RI NG -----------------------------

83
39
AA

AC . 0
AC.C
AO.O

SWITCH BCARC O P E R A T O R S ,

ie

3 9.5

B -------

SWIT CHB OAR D O P E R A T C R - R E C E P T I C N I S T S MANU FAC TU RIN G ----------------------------------N ON M AN LFA CT URI NG -----------------------------

$
$
$
1 1 2 . CO 1 0 1 . 5 0 - 1 2 3 . CC
1 1 2 . CO 1 0 3 . 5 0 - 1 1 8 . 5 0
11 2 .5 0
9A .00-129.C C

137
72
65

S T E N C G R A P F E R S , GE N E RA L ----------------------M A N UFA CT URI NG ----------------------------------NON M AN LFA C TU RI NG -----------------------------

CLASS

$
1 10.50
1 10.50
110.50

156

86
47
39

AC.O
AC.O
39.5

77.0 0
8 1.50
8 2.50
80.00

7 8 .00

_

-

6
-

-

1A

-

-

IA

7 7 . 5C- 9 1 .C C
7 6 . 5 0 - 9 1.C C
8 0 .5 0 - 95.0 0

-

-

_

9 0 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
9 0 . 0 0 - 9A.5C
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

-

7 3 .0 0 -

2

-

-

5

4

3

4

11
2

18

7
5

15

9

lfc

17
17
~

2

-

-

~

“

7 3 .0 0 7 7 .5 0 7 0 .5 0 -

89.CC
8 9 .50
89.C C

21
6

”

8 5.50

7 9 .5 0
8 3 . CO
73 .5 0

15
fc
9

4

2

2

11
4

22

7

6

12

6
1

A

18

ii

6
12

4

4
7

7
7
-

-

-

2
2

7

8
8

6
4
2
2
1
1

2
S
3

2
5
5

"

-

4
2
2

-

3

3

2

2

4

6

fc

3

3

2

2

1C
7
3

-

i
i

1

_

-

-

~

“

6
2
4

1

~

-

4

-

-

45

38. C

e 6 .o c

8 6 . CO

7 9 .5 0 -

92.50

-

-

i

3

9

9

12

7

4

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ----------------------------------MA NU FAC TU RIN G ----------------------------------N C NM AN UF ACT URI NG -----------------------------

123
82
A1

3 9.0
AC.O
3 7.5

75.00
7 6.00
7 3 .5 0

7 A , 50
7 5 .0 0
72.5 0

7 1 .0 0 7 2 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 -

79.00
7 9 .50
7 9.C C

-

5

17

30
2A

10
9

5

11

6

12
7
5

2
1
1

i

6
11

A6
35

i

3

16

9

TRAN SC RIB IN G -M ACH INE CPERATCRS,
G EN ER AL ---------------------------------------------------

-

6

8
5
3

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2

-

-

~

~

-

-

-

-

i

1
S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w eek f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t- tim e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , an d the
e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d to th e se w eek ly h o u r s .
T h e m e an i s co m p u ted fo r e a c h jo b by to ta lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su rv e y e d
r e c e iv e m o r e th an the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than the r a te show n.
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o sitio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e than the r a t e show n; h a lf r e c e iv e
l e s s than the r a te show n.
T h e m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d by 2 r a t e s of p a y ; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r r a t e .
W o rk e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s:
1 a t $ 1 5 0 to $ 1 5 5 ; and 4 a t $ 1 8 5 to $ 1 9 0 .
4 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
5 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




9

Tabic A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earn in gs fo r selected occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in dustry division, G reenville, S. C . , May 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f --t

*
80

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

*

*

t

1

t

85

9C

95

100

105

no

90

95

ICO

105

11 C

1

i

i

$

s

$

$

s

$

s

$

t

$

S

115

12C

125

130

135

140

14 5

15 0

16C

17 0

1 80

19C

2 C0

115

120

125

130

135

140

1 45

1 50

160

17C

1 80

19C

2CC

210 o v e r

1

*

”

4

n

210

an d
under
85

MEN

CRAFTSMEN,

CL AS S A ------------------------------

36

AO . 0

$
162.00

$
154.50

$
$
1 3 7 .0 0 -1 9 3 .5 0

1 3 6 . 5 0 1 2 2 . 5 0 - 1 4 7 . CO
1 4 1 . CO 1 2 7 . 5 0 - 1 4 9 . 0 0

“

_

-

DRAFTSMEN, CL ASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

116

88

4C .0 1 3 5 .5 0
4 0 . C 139.00

---------------------

7C

40.C

108.50

107.50

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

4

-

6

5

21
21

4C .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0
104.50

10C.CO
10C.CO

9 4 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

1

-

6

4

CRAFTSMEN,

CL AS S C

4

*
13

3

16

1

12

1

5

14

22

*

-

1

3

3

1

l

6

3

A

9
6

10
10

5
A

23
23

1

-

-

-

i

7
6

6

1

14

A
4

12

2

7

5

1

A
4

“

1

1

1

1

-

1

1

WOMEN
N U R SE S, INDUSTRIAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) --r ANUM L 1LK I Nb ——————
——
——
——————
——

_

1

1 Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regu lar straigh t-tim e s a la r ie s (exclu siv e of pay fo r overtim e at regu lar an d/or prem ium ra te s), and the earn in gs corresp on d
to these weekly hours.
2 F o r definition of te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l.




10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , G r e e n v ille , S . C . , M ay 1969)
A verage

O ccupation and ind u stry d iv isio n

N um b er
of
w orker*

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS
B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

A ve rage
N um ber

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earn in gs 1
[standard) (standard )

O ccupation and in d u stry d ivision

O F F I C E OCCUPATIONS

32

20
36
24

98
23
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
8 4 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

81.50
75.5 0

7 9 .5 0
90 .0 0
76.5 0

32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

102.50
104.00
99 .0 0

180
106
74

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

81.50
82.50
8 1 .0 0

98

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C L A S S B ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

66

27

C L E R K S , ORDER -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

64
36
28

21

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 2 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 0 .5

1 03.50
1 17.00

4 0 .0

86.00

C L E R K S , PAYROLL --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

104
74
30

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

86 .5 0
8 5.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS A ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

56
48

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

85.50
84 .5 0

88.00

W eekly
earn in gs 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS 133
90
43

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

$
77 .0 0
77.0 0
7 7 .0 0

O F F IC E BOYS AND G I R L S --------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------

23
17

39 .0
3 8 .5

76.5 0
7 3 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S 2 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------

407
231
176
34

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

100.50
99.0 0
98.0 0

22

4 0 .0

1 18.50

C L A S S A -----------------------

A verage

O ccu pation and in d u stry div isio n

100.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

81
46
35

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 10.50
110 .5 0
110.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

138
72

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

98 .5 0
106.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

166

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
4 0 .0

9 0 .5 0
94.5 0
8 4 .0 0
92.5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

157

101
56

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

86.5 0
8 4 .5 0
91.0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

83
39
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 7 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
1 02.50

66
101
65
17

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
[standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED
B -------

18

3 9.5

$
77 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T S MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

86
47
39

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5

81 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERAT ORS,
CL AS S B -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

28
24

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 9 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

C LA SS

TRANSC RI BIN G-M ACH INE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------------

49

3 8.0

86.00

T Y P I S T S , CL AS S B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

123
82
41

3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

75.00
7 6 .0 0
73.50

102.00
PRO FE SSI O NA L AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

DRAFTSMEN,

CL AS S

A ------------------------------

36

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

116

o
o

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

of

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. C LA SS B ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

SECRETARIES,
C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

-

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

162.00

88

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

135.50
139.00

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS C ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

75
19

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

108.00
1 1 7.00

N U R S E S , IN DUSTR IAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

21
21

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4.50
104.50

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 M ay in c lu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m en in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , G r e e n v ille , S . C , , M ay 1969)
H ourly e arnings

1

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is i

S

1 .70
w orkers

M ean2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

*

1 8C 1 . 9 0

t

$
2.00 2 . 1 C

2 . 2 C 2 .30

s

$

5

i

s

2 .7 0

2 . 80

3.0 0

*
3 .20

t

2. 6 C

$
3 .10

t

2 .50

$
2 .9 0

S

2.40

3 .3 0

3 .40

3 .50

3 .60

3 .70

3.8C

$
4.00

2 .3C

2 . 5C 2 . 6 0

2.7C

2 .80

2 . 90

3 . CO

3.1 0

3.2G

3 .30

3 .40

3.5 0

3 .6 0

3 .70

3 .e c

4.C C

4 .20

8

*

4

e

2

5
5

1
1
16
16

-

-

”

-

t

s

t

$

t

and
under

1.8C

1 90

-

-

C A R P E N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -----M AN UFA CT URI NG --------------------

48
46

$
2 .52
2.51

$
2 .5 5
2 .54

$
2 .2 7 2 .2 6 -

$
2 .68
2 .67

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE —
M AN UFA CT URI NG --------------------

153
153

2 .89
2 .89

2 .84
2 .8 4

2 .6 6 2 .6 6 -

3 .16
3 .16

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y ---------M AN UFA CT URI NG --------------------

3C
25

2 .79
2 .76

2 .78
2 .78

2 .6 8 2 .5 5 -

3 .13
3 .12

-

_

-

-

F IR EM E N , STATIONARY B C IL E R
MA NU FA C TU RI N G --------------------

25
25

2.C 4
2 .04

2.02
2.02

1 .9 1 1 .9 1 -

2 .1 8
2 .1 8

-

-

6
6

H E L P E R S , M AI N T E N A N C E TR A C E S
M AN U FA C TL RI N G --------------------

39
38

2.1 8
2.1 9

2.21
2.21

2. C l2.C 2-

2 .28
2 .2 8

-

6
6

M A C H I N I S T S , M AI N T E N A N C E -----MA NU FAC TU RIN G --------------------

113
113

2.7 2
2 .72

2.6 9
2 .69

2 .5 2 2 .5 2 -

2.9 3
2 .93

_

_

M E C H A N I C S , AUT OMO TIVE
( M A IN T E N A N C E ) -----------------------M A N UFA CT URI NG -------------------N C N M A N L FA C TU RI N G -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3----------

93
23
7C
56

3 .0 7
2.7 2
3.19
3 .19

3.1 2
2 .79
3.1 8
3.4 3

2 .6 8 2 .5 9 2 .6 5 2 .5 4 -

3.81
2 .9 9
3 .83
3 .84

M E C H A N I C S , M AI N T E N A N C E -------MA NU FA C TU RI N G --------------------

46 5
46 3

2.86
2.8 5

2 .78
2.7 8

2 .6 9 2 .6 5 -

3 .06
3 .06

C I L E R S ---------------------------------------MA NU FA C TU RI N G --------------------

76
76

1 .83
1 .83

1.85
1 .85

1 .8 2 1 .8 2 -

1.88
1.88

P A I N T E R S , M AI N T E N A N C E ---------MA NU FA C TU RI N G --------------------

21
20

2 .35
2 .33

2 .2 9
2 .28

2 .2 1 2 .2 C -

TOOL AND C I F M AK ERS -------------MA NU FA C TU RI N G --------------------

68
68

3 .47
3 .47

3 .39
3 .3 9

3 .2 6 3 .2 6 -

3 .5 9
3 .5 9

2.00 2.10 2 . 2 C

-

_

_

-

8

2
2

6

2 .40

6
6

-

4
4

-

-

2
2

_

-

6
6

6
6

2
2

i

2

i

2

2
2

3

8
8

2
2

14
14

_

_

2

-

_

_

_

8
8

”

-

*
-

_

”

*

6
6

10
1C

-

-

24

-

16
16

2 e

"

28

24

8
8

15
15

12
12

11
11

_

_

10
8

2
2

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1
1

8

-

1
1

_

-

4
4

1

-

7

“

“

*

~

“

“

“

”

2
2

-

4
4

12
12

8
8

14
14

18
18

7
7

5
5

-

2
2

-

1

-

-

-

-

“

l

4
4

2
2

c

_

i
-

_

24

-

-

-

24

_

16
16

22
22

_

_

_

_

_

12

_

_

6

4

2

fc

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

6

*

2
2

-

*

6
6

-

-

8
8

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

"

-

5
5

7
7

30
30

75
75

1 39
1 39

33
33

1C
1C

58
58

8
8

2 .48

_

_

_

2.46

-

*

_

-

-

-

9

9

21
21

8

17

3
5
5

1

16
5

50
50

30
3C

2
1
1
25
25

_

13
13

1
1

-

5
5
7
7

28
28

2
3

i

24

i

2
2

-

2

-

“

2
2
-

4
4

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la t e s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of --

Numbe

)

1
1

7
7

_

6
6

_

-

-

1

-

2
2
3

3

_

23
23

9
9

2

16
16

-

fc
fc

1
1

7
7

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969)
Hourly earnings 2

N u m b er of w o rk e rs receiv in g s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earn in gs of—

Number
O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u str y d iv isio n

workers

Mean3

Median3

231
135

$
1.79
1 .90

$
1.70

WATCHMEN:
MA NU FAC TU RIN G -----------------------------------

11 G

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , ANC C L E A N E R S ----M A N UFA CT URI NG ----------------------------------NONMA NU FAC TU RIN G -----------------------------

535
409
126

Middle range3

s
s
Under 1 .6 0 1 .7 0
$
an d
i . 6C u n d e r

*

*
1.9C

$
2 .C G

2 .10 2.20 2 . 3 0

t
2 .40

t
2 .5 0

2. 60 2 . 7 0

*
2 .8 0

$
2 .90

S
3 .0 0

$
3 .10

$
3.2C

$
3 .30

t
3.4C

3 .50

S
3 .60

$
3 .80

2 .20 2 . 3 0

2.5C

2 .60

2 . 70 2 . 8 0

2 .9 0

3 . CO 3 . 1 C

3 .2 0

3.3C

3 .40

3.50

2.60

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

-

-

1. 9 0

2.CC

2.1C

119
24

23

22

29
29

14
14

24
24

21

14

2C

-

8

74
62

43
39
4

38
25
13

28

10

7

1C

56
56
*

9,"
78
14

45
35
1C
“

41
9
32

2

6
6

15
14

9

8

1C
-

20
20

56
56

3C
26

29
29

21
21

52
52

7
7

-

4
3

6

-

-

1

1

3
-

-

5
5

-

-

_

-

6
6
45
17
28

1.88

1 .87

1.85

1 .7 2 -

2.01

-

24

22

1 .79
1 .78
1 .82

1 .76
1.7 6
1.7 5

1 .6 8 1 .6 9 1 .6 5 -

1 .89
1.87
2.05

10
1C

152
1C9
43

173
153

20

12

1.70
1 .70

1.68
1.68

13

1.68

1 .69

1 .80
1 .81
1 .7 9

-

5C
40

16

1 .6 4 1 .6 4 1 .6 4 -

8

6C

5
3

12
1

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D LI N G ------------M AN UFA CT URI NG ----------------------------------N C NM AN UF ACT UR IN G ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S * -------------------------

589
483
106
29

1.9 7
2 .39
3 .31

1 .89
1 .83
2 .23
3.71

1 .7 5 1 .7 4 2 .C 5 2 .8 2 -

2 .0 9
2.03
2.73
3 .7 6

55
46
9

179
175
4
“

70
63
7
*

OROER
F I L L E R S --------------------------------------M A N UFA CT URI NG -----------------------------------

123
74

1.98
1 .93

1.92
1 .87

1 .7 8 1 .7 2 -

2 .2 2
2 .1 7

-

16
16

20

24

16

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G ------------- -------------------M A N UFA CT URI NG -----------------------------------

2C5

1.99
1.99

1 .8 9 1 .8 9 -

2 .1 5
2 .16

-

201

2.C 5
2 .05

-

20
20

13
13

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G IWCMEN) ----------------M A N UFA CT URI NG -----------------------------------

97
97

1.88
1.88

1 .92
1 .92

1 .8 4 1 .8 4 -

1 .97
1 .97

-

-

-

17
17

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ----------------------------------M A N UFA CT URI NG ----------------------------------NC NMA NU FA CTU RI NG -----------------------------

46
29
17

2 .40
2.41
2 .38

2.36
2 .34
2 .4 3

2 .2 C 2 .1 9 2 .2 2 -

2 .5 4
2 .63
2 .49

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ------------------------------------M A N UFA CT URI NG -----------------------------------

37
34

2 .63
2 .69

2 .6 5
2 .71

2 .4 5 2 .5 1 -

2 .9 8
3 .03

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- ----------------------------

39
35

2.47
2 .47

2 .4 9
2 .45

2 .3 3 2 .3 2 -

2 .64
2 .6 5

-

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S 5 ----------------------------------------M A N UFA CT URI NG ----------------------------------NC NMA NU FA CTU RI NG ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S * -------------------------

546
177
369
24E

2.85
2.16
3 .18
3.74

2 .5 0
2 .1 9
3 .92
3 .94

1 .9 5 1 .8 4 2 .C 4 3 .9 2 -

3 .9 4
2 .43
3 .9 6
3 .9 7

-

14

-

10

T R U C K D R I V E R S , L I G H T (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TO N SI --------------------------------------NONM ANU FACTURIN G -----------------------------

51
49

2 .04
2 .06

2.12
2.12

1 .7 9 1 .9 3 -

2 .1 7
2 .1 7

_

173
72

2.11

4C

1 .91
2 .26
2 .74

1 .87
1.82
1.89
1 .90

1 .7 9 1 .7 4 1 .8 3 1 .8 5 -

2 .1 5
2 .1 6
2 .1 5
3 .94

203
52
151
140

3 .50
2.56
3.83
3 .9 3

3 .93
2 .54
3 .95
3 .9 5

3 .C 2 2 .4 3 3 .9 2 3 .9 3 -

3 .9 6
2 .6 9
3 .9 7
3 .9 8

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , ANC C L E A N E R S
( WCMEN) --------------------------------------------------MA NU FAC TU RIN G ----------------------------------NONM ANU FACTURIN G -----------------------------

T R U C K D R I V E R S , M E DI U M ( 1 - 1 / 2 TC
ANC I N C L U D I N G 4 T O N S I ------------------MA NU FAC TU RIN G ----------------------------------NONMA NU FAC TU RIN G ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S * ------------------------T R U C K D R I V E R S , HE AV Y (OVER 4 TO N S,
T R A I L E R TY P E ) ----------------------------------MA NU FAC TU RIN G ----------------------------------NONM ANU FACTURIN G --------- -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S * -------------------------

76

101

1.88

-

10

-

-

4

6
4

_
-

1
-

-

6
6

“

~

-

-

51
28
23
“

54
17
37

21

7
7

_

44
28
16

50
13
37

13
13

8
8

2 .40

$

i

1
1
1
-

1

4

*

1

4

5
5

7
5

3

_

1

_

-

1

”

1

”

“

1

2

_

-

-

1
1
-

_

_
*

*

2

*
39
13
26
“

12
6
6

5
5

3
3

5

*
27
27

23

4

7

2
21

2
2

6
i

_

3

-

2
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

1

_

-

-

-

_

1

-

3
3

6
2

2

2
1

-

*

-

-

-

4
4

7
7

6

7
7

15
*

1
1

4
4

17
17

-

_

_

-

-

7
4
3

7
7
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
1

2
2

3

3

7

2
1

2
1

-

3
3

7
7

2
2

6
6

1
1

2
2

1
1

9
9

4
4

7
3

8
8

_

_

_

-

-

-

30
30

18

10
10

23

_

4

4
4

3
3

9

2

-

-

-

_

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

12
12

_
-

2

_

.

8
8

3
3

_

4
4

_

2

.

4

_

_

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

4
3

-

-

2

“

*

_

12
12

~

~

_

_

-

-

15
7

-

-

8

10
1C

4
3

-

-

_

2

_

4
4

~

3
~

-

_
-

4
4

“

20

16
16
16

4
4

10
8

-

_

-

-

_

-

2

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

2

*

*

__
_

224

-

-

224
224

3
3

21

_

_

21

5
3

-

-

-

S

1 .80

$
1 .92
2 .0 5

-

$

1.7C
$
1 .6 5 1 .7 5 -

GUARDS ANC WATCHMEN ----------------------------MA NU FAC TU RIN G -----------------------------------

t

1

1. 8 0

16
16

4
4

_
-

-

-

-

16
-

-

-

16
16

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

1 40

2

-

1 40

_

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e nd o f t a b l e .




€>

13
Tabic A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1969)

1
2
3
4
5

D a ta lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .




14
B.

E sta b lish m e n t P ra ctic e s and Su p p lem en tary W age P ro v isio n s

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office W orkers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r ie n c e d w o m en o f f ic e w o r k e r s , G r e e n v il le , S . C . , M a y 1969)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t i m 'e s a l a r y 1

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
A ll
in d u s t r i e s

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f---

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d ______ ____________________________

106

57

XXX

49

XXX

106

57

XXX

49

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f ie d m in im u m ________________

26

14

13

12

6

51

29

28

22

16

1

-

-

5
2
1
3
2

-

-

-

-

_
11
5
4
4
4
1

_

5
2
1
3
3

_
1
1
2

1

-

1
2
1
2
3
1

.
7
2
2
1
1
1

-

-

1

$ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 7 7 . 50
$ 8 0 . 00

an d
and
and
and
an d
an d
and
and
and
and
and

u n d e r $ 5 7 . 50__________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 __________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 2 . 50__________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 __________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 7 . 50__________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 __________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 2 . 50__________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 5. 0 0 __________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 7 . 50____ _____ ______________ _____ ______ _
u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 __________________________________
o v e r ____________________________________________

2
6
4
4
4
3
1
1

-

-

1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f ie d m i n im u m ______________

10

7

XXX

3

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y ________________________________________________________________

70

36

XXX

34

XXX

-

1

-

1

_

-

-

-

1
2
7
3
3
2
1
1
1
1

20

11

XXX

9

XXX

35

17

XXX

18

XXX

2 '
18
8
7
6
5
2
1
1

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g (h irin g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
2 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
3 D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o rk w e e k r e p o r t e d .




-

11
5
4
4
3
1

1

1




T able B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
G reen ville, S .C ., M a y 1969)
_____________________________( A l l p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g - 1 0 0 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
L a t e - s h ift p a y p r o v isio n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
f o r la te sh ifts
S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

A c t u a ll y w o r k in g on l a t e s h i f t s
S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

__________________________________

7 1 .7

6 8 .9

1 9 .1

1 4 .5

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t ______

3 9 .7

3 .4

1 1 .3

0 .8

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t __________

3 1 .9

6 5 .5

7 .8

1 3 .7

T o t a l ______

T y p e and am ou n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:
U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) -----------------------5 c e n t s ____________________________________
7 c e n t s ____________________________________
8 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------10 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------11 c e n t s ___________________________________
12 c e n t s ___________________________________
13 c e n t s ___________________________________
15 c e n t s ___________________________________
18 % c e n t s ___ - _______________ ______

2 7 .8

6 1 .3

7 .2

1 3 .3

1 0 .2
5 .3
2 .6
4 .2

4 2 .1

2 .3
1 .9
.6
.9

1 0 .6

-

1 .5
2 .2
1 .7

3 .3
5 .8
1 .2
2 .7
4 .1
2 .2
-

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ________________________

4 .2

4 p e r c e n t _________________________________
5 p e r c e n t _________________________________
7 V2 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------

2 .8
~
1 .4

-

-

.4
.1
.9

.5
.6
.2
.4
1 .0
*

4 .2

.6

.4

2 .8
1 .5

.5
"
.1

.1
.3

-

1 I n c l u d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e
c o v e r l a t e s h i f t s e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .

fo r m a l p r o v isio n s

16

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( .P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------

-----

—

35 hou
3 6 l/4 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s _____________________ ___ ___________ ______
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s -----------------------------4 0 h o u r s ___________________________ ___________ ___ O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 5 h o u r s --------------------------------45 h o u r s
4 8 h o u r s ____________________ _______ ______ ____ ________
5 0 h o u r s — __ —
- - -

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

100

100

100

100

2
75
3
21

-

1
5
7
3
81
2
1
-

-

-

-

22

2
96
2
-

-

(5)
1
1
73
2
3
18
1

87
7
6

M a n u fa c tu rin g

—

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , _ .,d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

65
13
-

17

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

89

87

100

93

86

100

11

13

-

7

14

-

3
5
8
36
10
8
1
6
12

3
5
8
41
5
8
1
5
11

-

(4 )
1
3
12
34
12

(4 )
1
3
21
27
9
1
11
14

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________

W ork ers
p a id h o
W ork ers
no p a id

in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
l i d a y s _________________________________________
in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h o l i d a y s J.___________________________________

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

N um ber of days
1 h o l i d a y _________________________________________________
2 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
3 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
4 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
5 ' h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s _________________________
7 h o l i d a y s ___________________ ____ _______________________
8 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________ „
9 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
1 0 h o l i d a y s _______________________ _________________ __

( *>
(4 )

-

6
8
7
-

-

-

(4 )
16
13
1

-

-

(4 )

(4 )
1
14
31
43
77
89
92
92
93

39
39

-

7
-

10
1
-

47
35

-

-

-

-

T o t a l h o lid a y t i m e 5
1 0 d a y s ___________________________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
1 d a y o r m o r e __________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

(4 )
(4 )
12
19
27
37
73
81
86
89

-

-

-

-

11
17
25
30
72
80
84
87

39
78
86
94
94
100
100
100

-

-

-

-

14
26
35
62
82
85
85
86

35
82
83
93
93
100
100
100

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c l u d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u l l d a y s a n d
d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u l a t e d .




18

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
43
57
-

100
32
68
-

94
94
-

100
90
10
1

100
81
18
1

100
100
-

-

6

-

-

-

18
6
1

17
3
-

_
36
5

3
29
15

51
5

-

-

-

4
38
10
4

-

-

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _________________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ______________________________
O th e r _________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________

(5 )

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y .6
A fte r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________

_

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________

(5)
91
9

_

_

93
7

72
22

(s )
77
2
21

_

_

_

_

85
2
13

27
66

12
88

17
83

(5 )
63
7
29

_

_
-

_

_

72
9
20

8

13

-

-

-

-

-

94

92

87

100

(5)
9
2
83
1
5

_

_

_

_

8
2
84
6

-

3
1
90
1
6

4
2
87
7

_
37
63

_

_

40
60

67
33

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f se r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ____ ______________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________

_
5
95

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f se r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________

_

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________________

94
-

_
-

100
-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________________

.

(5)
9

8

2

2

64

67

4

4

16
5

12
6

30
63




1
58
1
33

4
'

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b le .

3

4
2

61
1
26
6

49
51

19

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1--- Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6— C o n t i n u e d
A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________ ______ ___
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________ ________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________________

_

(5)
9
2
62
4
18
5

8
2
66
4
13
6

(5 )
9
2
56
2
24

8
2
61
2
19

(5)
7

7

(5)
9
2
56
2
15
2
10
5

8
2
61
2
13
2
5
6

(5)
9
2
56
2
10
14
7

8
2
61
2
8
11
7

(5)
9
2
56
2
10
14
6
1

8
2
61
2
8
11
5
2

_
7
86
-

_

_

_

4
2
58
1
29
6

14
86
-

-

_

3
1
41
1
48

4
2
46
1
38

-

3
1
51
3
38
4

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________ ____ _______
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________________

-

-

_
-

69
7
17

8
87

-

-

-

6

9

5

_

_

3
1
41
1
26
25
4

4
2
46
i
'•30
11
6

_
8
46
46
-

-

-

4
2
46
i
22
16
9

-

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________
___________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
5 w e e k s _________________________________________________

_

21
7
65
-

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
5 w e e k s - _______________________________________________

-

5
59
30

-

3
1
41
1
18
29
8

8
10
61
22

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i la b l e 7
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
5 w e e k s _________________________________________________
6 w e e k s _________________________________________________

-

-

5
59
30
"

-

-

3
1
41
1
18
29
7
1

4
2
46
1
22
16
7
2

I n c lu d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly .
E x c lu d e s p l a n s s u c h a s v a c a t io n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , a n d t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to
q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v ic e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th an 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o th e r th a n " le n g th o f t im e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
For
c h a n g e s i n p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e i n c l u d e c h a n g e s i n p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 1 0 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e lig ib le
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
7 E s t i m a t e s o f p r o v is io n s fo r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e a r e id e n t ic a l.




-

8
10
61
22

w o rk ers

w it h

of 2 p ercen t
e x a m p le , th e
fo r 3 w eek s'

20

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
h e a lt h ) i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 19 6 9 )
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

T y p e o f b e n e f it
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

98

100

100

100

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------A c c id e n ta l d e ath and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o th 5____ __
__ ___ - __

94

94

100

98

97

100

50

49

76

58

50

69

56

52

84

69

60

72

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e __________
S i c k l e a v e ( fu ll p a y a n d n o
w a itin g p e r io d ) -------------------------------------S ic k le a v e ( p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) ____________________________

47

50

26

42

48

21

7

2

24

46

37

44

4

1

37

5

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _____________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n . ----------- ------------- - -

95
94
51
71
59

95
94
48
71
61

100
100
60
69
81

99
99
66
88
67

A l l w o r k e r s ______________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f i t s sh o w n b e l o w ____________

(6)
99
99
63
87
70

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

22
100
100
61
84
70

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h
at le a st
th e m i n im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
6 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




21

Table B-7. Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment
(P e r c e n t d istr ib u tio n of p lan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u str y d iv is io n s b y m eth o d o f w age d e te r m in a tio n 1
and fr e q u e n c y o f w age p ay m e n t, G r e e n v ille , S . C . , M ay 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

I te m

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

74

98
87
54
33

100

100

53

69

100
68

37
25

1
68

19
48

7

7

30

3

2

22

4

5

-

17

27

15

13
17
25

12

3

13
26

11
2
-

32
47

39
31

33

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
P a i d t i m e r a t e s ____________________________________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ____________________________
S in g le r a t e ___________________________________
R a n g e o f r a t e s ______________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d o n a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d i n g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e ______________________
P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d on m e r it
r e v i e w ___________________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th o f
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v i e w _____________
N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l ic y __________________________
P a i d b y in c e n t iv e m e t h o d s ________________________
P i e c e r a t e _______________________________________
I n d iv id u a l____________________________________
G r o u p _________________________________________
P r o d u c t io n b o n u s _______________________________
I n d iv id u a l____________________________________
G ro u p
................
C o m m i s s i o n ____________________________________

75
59
34
25

22
22
-

61
x

26
26
-

-

(5)

(‘ )
(5)

-

3

(5 )

2

-

2
51

-

-

12
-

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in i n g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

F re q u e n cy o f w age pay m en t

W e e k ly ______________________________________________
B i w e e k ly ____________________________________________
S e m im o n t h ly ______________________________________
M o n t h ly

O th e r f r e q u e n c y ___________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

97

99

1

-

2

(5)

(5 )

-

64
17
19

-

52

11
18
19

65
3
18
13

F o r a d e sc r ip tio n o f the m e th o d s of w age d e te rm in a tio n , s e e In tro d u ctio n .
In c lu d es d a ta fo r w h o le sa le t r a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in ad d itio n to th o se in d u str y d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
T ra n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic atio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In c lu d es d a ta fo r w h o le sa le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin an c e, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v ic e s , in ad d itio n to th o se in d u str y d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e rc e n t.




50

16

20
15




Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t an d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a tio n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E

B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o lv e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y of n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y no t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u la t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a l ly in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b il l b e in g p r e p a r e d an d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t of th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n tr y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s an d c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , an d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e of th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it an d c r e d i t it e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , an d o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.

CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o l v e s p o s tin g an d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s an d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l an d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l ly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o ut a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s an d q u a n t i t ie s o f it e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f il le d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s an d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , an d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p an d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER OPERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t io n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p to m e te r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH OPERATO R

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b an k a c c o u n t s ; an d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o lle d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s not r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r in c i p le s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n tin g w o rk i s s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~ o r—p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK,

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .

F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s an d in d e x e s f il e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f il e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b il l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :

23

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n ch t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a tio n to be p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

24
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n ch ed c a r d s . . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n ch t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rkin g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n ch ed . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u ed
d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E BOY OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In so m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
an d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t ie s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e te c h n ic a l i n q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , an d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th an
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
of p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in it io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la ss A
over

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r s e g ­
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o f"a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k il le d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r th a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; an d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k . ( S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p an d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s an d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s an d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g an d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o rk .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i tc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu l l te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to d o in g
r o u tin e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b li s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
no t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
if th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

25
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n it o r - t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s.
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's * t i m e w h ile a t
s w it c h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

G ENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h i n e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t d o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , an d p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir i n g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in tr a i n in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e r e c o r d s . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y an d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e o ut b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a i l .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n if o r m i t y a n d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u i t c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
ta b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a l l ta b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r an d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s ta b lish e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f n ew e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

P R O F E S S IO N A L

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

AND

T E C H N IC A L

D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

D RA FTSM A N

c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith i n it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e la t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .

D RA FT SM A N - T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e la t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc .
R e c e i v e s in it i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

and/ or
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e il l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s a n d h e a lth e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t io n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

M A IN T E N A N C E

W o rk i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

AND

PO W ERPLANT

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

CARPENTER,

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r * s h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ;

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e le c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .




M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

26
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )--- C o n tin u ed

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e i n s t a l la t io n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g an d
t e s t in g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s an d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e a u to m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a tin g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a te r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o ile r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k il le d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In so m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s an d t o o l s an d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f one o r m o r e t y p e s of m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; an d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g an d la y in g out o f w o rk ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e ta l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
an d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , an<i t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g




M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s an d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g an d f it tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; an d i n s t a l lin g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i ll w r ig h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e of s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d fo r d if f e r e n t
a p p lic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; an d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , an d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p ip e fit t in g s in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y in g o ut o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r in g to l o ­
c a te p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to . c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u tt in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s an d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s t a l la t io n of v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c ts ,
m e t a l ro o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i la b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of

27
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u ed

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u ed

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , an d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s ' a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , an d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g o ut of w o rk f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

C U S T O D IA L

AND

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p an d o p e r a t in g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fit tin g an d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p an d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l an d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T

GU A RD AND W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u t ie s , e i t h e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te an d
c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p l o y e e s an d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s an d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o rk in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e of sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , an d r a t e ; an d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s of th e g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s of la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f il e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s an d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; an d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f i l e s .

th e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r io d i c a l ly in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
an d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR C L E A N E R

(S w e e p e r; ch arw om an ; ja n it r e s s )
F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s an d k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , an d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r an d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RDER,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a tr u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b li s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d tr u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c ^ t o m e r s 1 o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a tin g it e m s firre d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s of o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r lV2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (lV 2 to an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e)
TRUCKER,

PO W ER

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u pon th e ty p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t. W ork r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f it e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s an d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e an d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g an d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w ho a l s o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r (f o r k lif t)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k lift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e ninth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s , a t ­
t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1617, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1968*! S e v e n t y - f i v e
cents a copy.

Area W age Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w ag e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t the
r e q u e s t o f the Wag e an d H our an d P u b li c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u lletin s m a y be p u rc h a se d fr o m
the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O ff i c e , W ash ing ton , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s sh ow n on
th e i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
A rea
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------------A lb a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N. Y. , M a r . 1969 1_________
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1969-____________________
A llen tow n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N. J . ,
J u n e 1968 1______________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , Md. , S e p t . 1968 1 __________________________
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1968 * ____
B i n g h a m t o n , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1_________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1969 1_________________________
B o i s e C it y , Id ah o, J u l y 1 9 6 8 * ___________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1968 1 ____________________________
B u f f a l o , N. Y. , N ov. 1968 1______________________________
B u r li n g t o n , Vt. , M a r . 1969 1____________________________
C an ton , Ohio, J u n e 1968 * _______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 _________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ____________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . —G a . , S e p t . 1968 1 _________________
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 ________________________________
C in c i n n a t i , Ohio—K y . —Ind. , M a r . 1969 1-------------------C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1968 1___________________________
C o l u m b u s , Ohio, O ct. 1968 * ___________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N ov. 1968 1_______________________________
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o lin e , Io wa—111. ,
D ay to n , Ohio, J a n . 1969 1----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Io wa, M a r . 196 9----------------------------------D e t r o it , M i c h . , J a n . 1969 1 ______________________________
F o r t Worth, T e x . , N ov. 1968 1_________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * -----------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M ay 1969 * ___________________________
H ou ston , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * _____________________________
I n d ia n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1968 1 _________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1969 1____________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1969 1_________________________
K a n s a s C it y , Mo. —K a n s . , S e p t . 1968 1----------------------L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N. H. , J u n e 1968 1_______
L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968 1_____
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e i m —S a n ta A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky. —Ind. , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1968 1---------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ____________________—
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1968 1_______________________________
M id la n d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _________________
M i lw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------

Bulletin num ber
and p rice
1575-84,
1625-56,
1625-67,

35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1575-86,
1575-71,
1625-8,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1625-65,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1625-54,
1575-65,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1625-14,
1575-81,
1625-63,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

40
35
50
30
35
35
35
50
50
35
30
30
30
35
50
45
50
35
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-16,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1625-27,
1625-7,
1625-70,
1575-82,
1625-40,
1625-45,
1625-37,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625-11,

30
35
30
30
50
35
35
35
45
35
35
35
45
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-64,
1625-33,
1625-53,
1625-4,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1625-49,
1625-66,

30
30
30
35
30
35
25
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D ata on establishm ent practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.




Area

M inneapolis—St. Paul, M inn., Jan. 1969_____________
Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, M ich., May 1968 * ____
Newark and Je r s e y City, N. J . , Jan . 1969____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan . 1969 _______________________
New O rleans, L a ., Feb. 1969 1______________________
New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1968________________________
Norfolk—Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1968__________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla. , July 1968--------------------------Omaha, N ebr. —Iowa, Oct. 1968 1_____________________
P aterson —Clifton—P a ssa ic , N . J . , May 1968 1 ________
Philadelphia, P a .—N. J . , Nov. 1968__________________
Phoenix, A riz. , M ar. 1969__________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa. , Jan. 1969__________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1968________________________
Portland, O re g.—Wash. , May 1 9 6 8 *_________________
Providence—Pawtucket—Warwick, R. I .—M ass. ,
May 1968-------------------------------------------------------Raleigh, N. C. , Aug. 1968 1 _________________________
Richmond, V a ., M ar. 1969______________________-___
R ochester, N.Y. (office occupations only), July 1968 l__
Rockford, 111., May 1968 * ___________________________
St. Lo uis, M o.—111., M ar. 1969 1--------------------------Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1968_______________ _____
San Antonio, Tex. , June 1968________________________
San Bernardino—R iversid e—Ontario, C alif. ,
Oct. 1968 1-----------------------------------------------------San Diego, C a lif., Nov. 1968________________________
San F ra n c isco —Oakland, C a lif., Oct. 1968___________
San Jo se , C a lif., Sept. 1968________________________
Savannah, Ga. , May 1969------------------------------------Scranton, P a ., July 1968 1___________________________
Seattle—E verett, Wash. , Nov. 1968 1_________________
Sioux F a lls, S. Dak. , Oct. 1968 1 ______________ ____
South Bend, Ind. , M ar. 1969 ________________________
Spokane, Wash. , June 1968_________________________
S y racu se, N. Y. , July 1968 1________________________
Tampa—St. P etersb u rg, F la ., Aug. 1968_____________
Toledo, Ohio—Mich. , Feb. 1969 1____________________
Trenton, N. J . , Oct. 1 9 6 8 *__________________________
Utica—Rom e, N. Y. , July 1968 1 _____________________
Washington, D. C. —Md. —'Va. , Sept. 1968_____________
Waterbury, Conn., M ar. 1969_______________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1968 1_________________________
Wichita, K a n s., Dec. 1968__________________________
W orcester, M a s s ., June 19681 _____________________
York, P a ., Feb. 1969 _______________________________
Youngstown—W arren, Ohio, Nov. 1968_______________

Bulletin num ber
an d p r i c e
1625-47,
1575-60,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1575-78,

35
30
40
30
35
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1625-20,
1575-80,

30
30
35
40
50
30
35
30
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-61,
1625-13,
1625-69,
1 6 2 5 -2 ,
1575-70,
1625-64,
1625-36,
1 5 7 5 -6 9 ,

30
35
30
35
30
50
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-25,
1625-32,
1625-44,
1625-21,
1625-68,
1625-12,
1625-43,
1625-23,
1625-55,
1575-79,
1 6 2 5 -5 ,
1625-10,
1625-57,
1625-18,
1 6 2 5 -1 ,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1 5 7 5 -7 6 ,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40
30
35
30

cents
cents
cents
cents

30 cents

35
35
30
30
30
35
30
35
35
35
35
30
35
30
30
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. D EP A R T M EN T OF LABO R

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

P O S T A G E AND F E E S P A ID
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212
FIRST CLASS M AIL
O FFIC IA L




B U S I N ESS

—

------------------—

____

i

__ i