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mi

Area Wage Survey

The Green Bay, Wisconsin, Metropolitan Area
July 1969

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -8




U.S. DEPARTM ENT O F LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

R eg io n II
R egion I
341 Ninth A ve.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
Governm ent Center
Phone: 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2 (Area Code 6 17)

R eg io n III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
P h ilad elp h ia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 5 9 7 -7 7 9 6 (Area Code 215)

R egion IV
Suite 540
1371 P eachtree St. NE.
A tlan ta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (Area Code 404)

R egion VI
R egion V
337 M ayflow er Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
C h icago, 111. 60604
D alla s, T ex . 75201
Phone: 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (Area Code 214)

R egions VII and VIII
Federal O ffice Building
911 W alnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas C ity, Mo. 64106
Phone: 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (Area Code 816)

R egions IX and X
450 G olden Gate A ve.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (Area Code 4 1 5 )

 * R egions VII and VIII w ill be serviced by Kansas City.
**
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ R egions IX and X w ill be serv iced by San Francisco.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Area Wage Survey
The Green Bay, Wisconsin, Metropolitan Area




J u ly

1 9 6 9

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -8

November 1969

U.S. D EPARTM ENT O F LABOR
G eorge P. S h u ltz , S ecretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
G eoffrey H . Moore, Com m issioner

For sole by th e S u p erin ten d en t o f Docum ents, U .S . G o vern m en t P rinting O ffic e , W a s h in g to n , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




P re fa ce

C o n ten ts
Page

T he B u r e a u of L ab or S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in| m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v id e d a ta on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
l is h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i le d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , an d f o r th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t io n in th e p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d fo r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y an d s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) th e s t r u c ­
tu r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d . A fte r
c o m p le t io n o f a l l o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s fo r a ro u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle t in s a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r in g s d a ta fo r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to
on e b u lle t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t io n w h ic h h a s
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a d a ta to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s and th e U n ite d S t a t e s .

I n tr o d u c tio n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d ie d ______________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e fo r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______________________
O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — e n an d w o m e n _________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — e n _______________
m
A - 3 . O f f ic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s ___________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____________________________________

N in e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t io n o n o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly an d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia l l y .
T h is b u l le t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., in J u ly 1 9 6 9 . T h e S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f B r o w n C o u n ty .
T h is
s tu d y w a s c o n d u c te d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f ic e in
C h ic a g o , 111., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f W o o d r o w C.
L in n , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r fo r O p e r a t io n s .




1
3

areas.

iii

NOTE:
S i m i la r t a b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le
(S e e in s id e b a c k c o v e r .)

f o r o th e r

2

4

5
6
7
8
9
11




Area Wage Survey---The Green Bay, Wis., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 9 0 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
an d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n a n a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1

to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2)
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .

In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l is h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o le s a l e tr a d e ;
r e t a i l tr a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t io n an d e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b li s h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y te n d to f u r n is h in s u f f ic i e n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d
to w a r r a n t i n c lu s i o n .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f
th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s




p o s s ib ilit y

of d is c lo s u r e of

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s.
I n d u s t r ie s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d if f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s ta ffin g a n d , t h u s , c o n tr ib u te d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s fo r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t io n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d if f e r e n t i a l m a in ta in e d a m o n g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
fo r m e n an d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s sh o u ld n ot be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y fo r m e n an d w o m e n in c lu d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e a c tu a l r a t e s
p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly w ith in th e
s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n . Job d e s c r ip t io n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d
in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a llo w fo r m in o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d o n a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t:
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—
Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U.S. De­
partment of Labor.

is

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh o w n fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te
s h if t s . N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l lo w ­
a n c e s an d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s fo r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) fo r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s iv e o f p a y fo r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s
fo r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n in g s in f o r m a t io n o b ta in e d l a r g e l y b y m a il f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m is t s in th e l a s t p r e v io u s s u r v e y fo r
o c c u p a t io n s r e p o r t e d in th a t e a r l i e r s tu d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n ts an d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t in g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
•of m a n u fa c tu r in g a n d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t; an d (4) c u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r i p ­
t io n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b li s h m e n t v a r ia t i o n in d u t ie s
w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e l i s t e d
an d d e s c r ib e d in th e a p p e n d ix .
T h e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g th e jo b
t i t l e s a r e fo r a l l in d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d . E a r n in g s d a ta fo r s o m e o f th e
o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r fo r s o m e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in
o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e it h e r
(1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a ta

th ere

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y and n ot th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l ly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t im a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d fr o m
th e s a m p le o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e l a t iv e
im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s t r u c t u r e do n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s a n d S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h is
b u lle t in .
I n fo r m a tio n fo r t h e s e t a b u la t io n s i s c o l l e c t e d b ie n n ia lly .
StateT h e s e ta b u la tio n s o n m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d
w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a ls ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ; p a id
h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; an d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) in p r e v io u s b u lle t in s fo r t h is a r e a .
1




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d i n G r e e n B a y , W is ., 1
b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 J u l y 19 6 9
Minimum
employment
in establish­
m e n t s in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll d i v i s i o n s ----------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e 6-----------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 6-----------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6----------S e r v i c e s 6 7-----------------------------------------------------------

.

N u m b e r of establishments

W o r k e r s in establishments
Within scope of study4

Within scope
of study *

Studied

Studied

Number

Percent

102

68

22, 804

100

17, 522

50
~

49
53

36
32

13, 6 2 3
9 , 181

60
40

10, 299
7, 223

50
50
50
50
50

14
8
21
4
6

12
4
9
3
4

3, 307
1, 069
3, 787
392
626

14
4
17
2
3

3, 088
610
2 , 716
308
501

1 T h e G r e e n B a y S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s of B r o w n
C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n
of th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u rv e y .
T h e e s ti m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is of c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t
i n d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d
c o n s i d e r a b l y i n a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 19 6 7 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d i n c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll o u t l e t s ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s i n s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s i n a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t i n t h e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r , r e n t a l ,
an d p a rk in g ;m o tio n
p ic tu re s ;
n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d in g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g i n e e r i n g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A l m o s t t w o - t h i r d s o f t h e w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y i n t h e G r e e n B a y a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s t h e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c if ic i n d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t of a ll m a n u f a c tu r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s
P a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s _____ 46
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ------- 19
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 17

S p e c if i c i n d u s t r i e s
P a p e r m i l l s , e x c e p t b u i ld i n g
p a p e r ------------------------------------------ 36
D a i r y p r o d u c t s ___________________ 9
S p e c ia l i n d u s t r y m a c h i n e r y ____ 9
C o n s tru c tio n a n d r e la te d
8
m a c h i n e r y ______________________
M e a t p r o d u c t s ____________________ 6
M is c e lla n e o u s c o n v e rte d p a p e r
p r o d u c t s ________________________ 6

T h is i n f o r m a tio n is b a s e d o n e s ti m a t e s of to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a c tu a l s u rv e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d if f e r f r o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s of th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o ffice c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d in d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w age
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r p lan t w o r k e r g ro u p s, th ey
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g
p re m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid ay s, and
late sh ifts.
T he p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on d ata fo r s e le c te d key o c c u ­
p a tio n s a n d in c lu d e m o s t of th e n u m e r ic a lly i m p o r ta n t jo b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s a n d p e r c e n ta g e s of c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of o ffice c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s of s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T he in d ex es
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g iv e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u rin g th e b a s e p e r io d (d ate of th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c te d
b e tw e e n J u ly I9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1961).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e in d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e
d a te of the in d ex .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w age c h a n g e s b etw een th e in d ic a te d
d a te s.
T hese
e s tim a te s a re
m e a s u r e s of c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e not in te n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p ay c h a n g e s in th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e a r e a .

L im ita tio n s

of D ata

M eth o d of C o m p u tin g
T h e in d e x e s a n d p e r c e n ta g e s of c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d by:
(1 ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n t h e s a m e j o b , a n d (3 ) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r, f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o rc e r e d u c tio n s , a n d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
tio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe re n t p ay le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in th e la b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c tu a l w age c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e iv a b le
th a t e v e n th o u g h a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in a n a r e a g av e w ag e in c r e a s e s ,
a v e ra g e w ag es m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d th e a r e a o r ex p an d ed th e ir w o rk f o r c e s .
S im ila rly , w ages
m a y have re m a in e d re la tiv e ly c o n sta n t, y et th e a v e r a g e s fo r a n a r e a
m a y have ris e n c o n sid e ra b ly b e c a u se h ig h e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n te r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h of the s e le c te d k ey o c c u p a tio n s w ith in a n o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p w as a s s ig n e d a w eig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o rtio n a te e m p lo y m e n t
in th e o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p .
T h e se co n sta n t w eig h ts re fle c t b a s e y e a r
em p lo y m en ts w h e re v e r p o ssib le .
The a v e ra g e (m ean) ea rn in g s for
e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u ltip lie d b y th e o c c u p a tio n a l w e ig h t, a n d th e
p ro d u c ts fo r a ll o c c u p a tio n s in th e g ro u p w e r e to ta le d .
The a g g re g a te s
fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s w e r e r e la te d by d iv id in g th e a g g r e g a te fo r
th e l a t e r y e a r by th e a g g r e g a te f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s t h e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g t h e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y t h e r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d in g y e a r a n d c o n tin u in g to m u ltip ly (co m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r 's re la tiv e by the p re v io u s y e a r 's in d ex .
A v erag e e arn in g s
f o r th e fo llo w in g o c c u p a tio n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u tin g th e w a g e t r e n d s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ): O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) — S k i ll e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) :
C o n tin u e d
C a r p e n te r s
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
S e c re ta rie s
o p e ra to rs , c la s s B
E le c t r ic i a n s
C le ik s , a c c o u n t i n g , c la s s e s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
M a c h in is ts
A and B
S t e n o g r a p h e r , s e n io r
M e c h a n ic s
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s
C le ik s , f i l e , c la s s e s
M e c h a n ic s ( a u t o m o ti v e )
A , B, a n d C
A and B
P a in te r s
P ip e f itte r s
T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e ra to rs ,
C lerics, o r d e r
c la s s B
T o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s
C lerics, p a y ro ll
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A a n d B
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
U n s k ille d p l a n t (m e n ) :
K e y p u n c h o p e ra to rs , c la s s e s
A and B
I n d u s tr ia l n u rse s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o r te r s , a n d c le a n e r s
O ffic e bo y s a n d g irls
N u rs e s , i n d u s tr ia l ( r e g is te r e d )
L a b o re rs , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g




T he u s e of c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s th e e ffe c t
of c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
T he p e r c e n ta g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t on ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p ay fo r s t r a i g h t - ti m e h o u r s .
T h ey a r e not in flu e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o rk s c h e d u le s , a s su c h , o r by p r e m iu m pay
for o v ertim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s a n d p e r c e n ta g e s of c h a n g e a n y s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e sc o p e of th e s u r v e y .

3

4

T a b l e 2.

I n d e x e s of S t a n d a r d W e e k ly S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a ti o n a l G r o u p s in
G r e e n B a y , W is ., J u ly 1969 a n d J u ly 1968, a n d P e r c e n t s of I n c r e a s e f o r S e le c te d P e r i o d s
A ll in d u s tr ie s

P erio d

O ffice
c le ric a l
(m en and
w om en)

In d u strial
nurses
(m en and
w om en)

S k illed
m a in te n a n c e
tra d e s
(m en)

M a n u fa c tu rin g
U n sk ille d
p lan t
w o rk ers
(m en)

O ffice
c le ric a l
(m en and
w om en)

In d u strial
nurses
(m en and
w om en)

S k illed
m ain ten an ce
trad es
(m en)

U n sk illed
plan t
w o rk ers
(m en)

1 47.5
13 8 .9

15 0 .0
14 2 .4

6 .2
6 .9
5 .9
3 .5
3 .7
3 .8
3.1
5 .1
1.7

5 .4
7 .6
5 .8
5 .0
2 .6
4 .1
2 .6
8 .1
.6

In d ex es (A ugust 1960*100)
J u l y 1 9 6 9 ______________________________________
J u l y 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------------------------------

1 3 8 .3
1 3 1 .4

(l )

(M

1 4 7 .3
13 7 .9

1 48.5
1 3 7 .7

1 4 1 .0
13 4 .2

C)

(M

P e r c e n t s of in c r e a s e
J u ly 1968 to
J u ly 1967 to
A u g u s t 1966
A u g u s t 1965
A u g u st 1964
A u g u s t 1963
A u g u s t 1962
A u g u s t 1961
A u g u st I960

1

J u l y 1 9 6 9 ________ __________
J u l y 1 9 6 8 ...................................
t o J u l y 1 9 6 7 - _______________
_
t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 6 —___________ _
t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 5 ________________
t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 4 ________________
t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 3 _______________
t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 2 _____________ _
t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 1 ________________

D ata do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r ite r ia .




5 .2
5 .0
5 .1
3 .5
2 .2
3 .3
3 .6
2 .2
2 .8

( >

0

()
()
)
( >

>
()

(')

6 .8
6 .7
5 .4
3 .7
3.1
3 .5
3 .5
4 .5
2 .3

7 .8
7 .1
5 .6
2 .4
3 .2
3.1
3 .8
6 .1
1.3

5.1*
5 .6
( )

(M

2 .5
2 .4
4 .2
2 .6

(
(
(
(

)
)
)
)

0

()

0
0
(M

5
A. O ccu p ation al E arn in gs
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W omen
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u ly 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
f standard)

$

$
60

M ean2

Median 2

$
65

$
70

s
75

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
S
$
$
t
$
$
135
150
115
120
125
130
140
105
110
95
80
85
90
100

t

t

160

$
170

and
under

Middle range 2

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180 over

MEN

NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG

24
33

$
$
!
129.00-169.00
39.5 i'7
164.50
39.0 141.00 137.50 1 2 1. 50 40.0 l->2. j 0 151.00 1 3 6. 50 171.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING,

23

39.0

"C

16

40.0

79.50

79.00

76.50- 83.50
94 .0 0- 12 2. 00

17

38.5 105.00
99.50
111.50
38.0
^97*00
40.0
39.5
40.0

73.00- 88.00
73.00- 87.00
73.00- 89.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CL A o j A

2

8

1

*"0 128.00 120.00-133.50

2
2

1

1

3

1

8

1

1

WOMEN
BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS 8
CLERKS, A C C O U N T I N G » CLA^j A
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING,

CLASS B -

------------

NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG

214
70
144

a i

33
to

n

78.00
79.00
77.50

nn

i n k nn

i na

sn

17

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG
Ar .r r 3
» --

'00

39.5

79.50
82.00

8
2

-------~

120

39.5

1
2

87.50-105.00
14
8

65
16
49

46
15
31

81.00-112.50

21
10
11

23
10
13

2

2

1
1

1
1

1

1

14

8

12
1

1
1

3

2

1
1

2

2

1

o? oo *85 00

2B
50

NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

rrrryr-r

81.50
80.50
82.00

2

i

2

12
81.50
78.00

76.00- 92.00
73.00- 85.00

15

109.00 104.50
94 .0 0-125.50
115.00 115.50 100.00-129.00

13

2

3

2

11

9

2
2

14

13

16

8
1

4o"*"o
C

. u in^*nn 101.00
1UJ.00

ZU

hu

27

39.5
96.00
95.50
39.5 103.50 100.00

48

19 5
39.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS

93 .0 0- 11 9. 00

88.50
86.50

82.00- 94.50
78.00- 96.00

27
21
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG

S ee f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le ,




39.0 110.00 111.00 1 0 5. 00 38.5 109.00 110.00 10 4. 00 -

15

73 0
43.0

81 00
81.00

77 50
77.50

103.50
116.50

2

118.00
117.50

73 .0 0- 85.00

i

1

19
11
8

11

*

8

9

16
88.00
86.00

87.0096.00-

180
and

13

2

3

1

1

10
1

10

1

1

1

22
8
14

1

1
1

1
1
3

1

10

17
11

2

1

1

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u ly 1969)
Weekly e am ings1
(stanc ard)

Sex, o c c u p a tio n , an d in d u s t r y d i v is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

60
M ean2

Median 2

$

$

$

65

s

t
70

75

80

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f—
s
S
%
$
$
t
t
$
*
t
S
*
85
95
110
115
90
100
105
120
125
130
135
140

*

%

150

160

*

S
170

and
under

Middle range 2

65

180
and

70

75

80

90

85

95

100

105

115

no

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

over

WOMEN - CONTINUED
SW IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

54
32
22

39.5
39.0
40.0

$
88.50
92.50
82.50

$
86.00
91.00
79.00

$
$
77.00- 98.00
81.00-104.50
75.50- 89.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

48
41

40.0
40.0

80.00
80.00

79.00
78.00

73.50- 85.00
73.00- 87.50

-

-

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta l in g th e e a r n i n g s o f a ll w o r k e r s an d d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
t h a n th e r a t e show n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th a n th e r a t e sh o w n .
T h e m id d le r a n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n th e lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r th e a r n m o r e th a n
th e h ig h e r r a t e .
J M a y include workers other than those presented separately.




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u ly 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s of—
$

%

workers

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

105
and
under

no

no

O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv is io n

115

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
M A N U FA CT UR IN G —

22
20

$
$
$
$
40.0 137.50 133.00 125.00-151.00
40.0 134.00 132.00 124.50-139.50

16
16

40.0 117.50 116.00 108.00-120.00
40.0 117.50 116.00 108.00-120.00

7
7

t

$

s

S

$

*

%

*

$

$

-

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

“

“

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S C
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -

*

*

6
6

2
2

6
6

2
2

1
1

1
1

~

“

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

-

-

6
6

4
2
-

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m
r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .

Table A-3.

O ffice, Professional, and Technical Occupations—M en and W o m en Combined

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u ly 1969)
A verage

O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v is io n

N um ber
of
w orkers

W ee k ly
W eekly
hours 1 e a rn in g s 1
’standard) (sta n d ard )

A verage

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------

18

4 0 .0

$
8 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

90
40
50

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 2 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

237
83
154

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

N um ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(sta n d ard )

W eekly
e a rn in g s 1
(sta ndard)

A v erag e

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N um ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(sta ndard)

W eekly
earn in g s 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CONTINUED

- CONTINUED

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

78
28
50

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
7 9 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S 3--------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

121
64
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

33
20

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

15
15

4 3 .0
4 3 .0

$
8 1 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATOR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

54
32
22

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

8 8 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

48
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

---------------------------------------------------------

26

3 9 .0

1 1 2 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 6 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

50
27

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2 -----------------------------------

46
21
25
16

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

119
48
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

22
20

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------

32
24

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

27
21

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

17
17

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER

PROFESSIONAL AN0 TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 M ay in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r th a n th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a te l y .




r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n in g s

Table A -4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n i n s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n . G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u ly 1969)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—

H o u rly e a rn in g s 1

2 .7 0

(
2 .8 0

t
$
2 .9 0 3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

S
3 .6 0

«
3 .7 0

$
S
3 .8 0 ’ 3 .9 0

S
4 .0 0

S
4 .1 0

$
4 .2 0

S
S
4 .3 0 4 .4 0

2 .8 0

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
w orkers

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0 4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0 4 .5 0

-

-

3
3

14
2

4
4

1
1

1
1

6
6

7
7

17
17

2
2

4
-

-

_

-

_

12
12

8
8

1

2

_

2

_

5

6

15

-

8
8

-

-

_

•

“

“

-

-

*

t

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle ran g e 2

U nder
$
an d
2 .7 0 u n d er

70
46

$
3 .6 4
3 .6 1

$
3 .7 5
3 .7 5

$
$
3 .2 8 - 3 .8 8
3 . 3 9 - 3 .8 5

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------

53
26

3 .7 6
3 .3 9

3 .5 9
3 .4 6

3 .4 5 - 4 .3 2
3 .3 3 - 3 .5 3

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------

66
42

3 .3 4
3 .2 7

3 .4 6
3 .2 4

3 .1 2 - 3 .6 5
3 .0 3 - 3 .4 8

4
i

3
3

5
5

HELPERS, MA INTENANCE TRADES -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

108
104

3 .1 4
3 .1 2

3 .1 4
3 .1 3

3 .0 6 - 3 .2 2
3 . 0 6 - 3 .2 1

2
2

1
1

_
-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

15
15

3 .3 3
3 .3 3

3 .2 5
3 .2 5

3 .0 4 3 .0 4 -

3 .6 5
3 .6 5

-

-

MACHINISTS, MA INTENANCE ------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

55
54

3 .7 8
3 .7 7

3 .8 3
3 .8 3

3 .5 9 3 .6 0 -

3 .8 9
3 .8 9

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-

90
79
53

3 .7 3
3 .7 6
3 .9 2

3 .8 4
3 .8 7
3 .9 9

3 .6 4 - 4 .0 1
3 .7 3 - 4 .0 3
3 .8 5 - 4 .0 5

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE —
MANUFA CT UR IN G --------

192
174

3 .6 5
3 .6 5

3 .7 6
3 .7 6

3 .3 7 - 3 .8 6
3 .4 2 - 3 .8 5

_

1
1

OILERS -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------

38
29

3 .1 9
3 .2 1

3 .1 8
3 .2 5

3 .1 1 -

1
1

6
6

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFA CT UR IN G --------

34
34

3 .7 8
3 .7 8

3 .8 3
3 .8 3

3 .7 4 - 3 .8 7
3 .7 4 - 3 .8 7

1
o
O
'

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ■
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------

3 .5 1
3 .5 4

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s ,
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




“
-

_

3
3

-

_

8
6

-

1
1

3
3

5
5

8
8

_
*

8
8

“

5
5

33
33

34
34

29
29

_

-

4

_

5
5

_

2
2

_

1
1

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

_

4
4

8
8

5
5

1
1

25
25

1
1

i

2

2

15
14
6

17
15
14

11
11

45
45

4
4

4
4

*

2
2

3 .1 0

_

_

_

-

_

“

“

“

”

”

_

_

1

_

-

h o lid a y s ,

_
-

“

16
16

~

_

-

_

8
8

4
4

6
6

21
12

12
12

5
5

_

_

-

2
2

13
4

4
4

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

_

ii

4

_

_

_

1
1

-

_

_

5
5

2
2

i
i

_

i

~

9
9
8

23
23
23

2
2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

57
55

3
3

7
6

12
6

_

_

22
22

_

i
i

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

10
10

-

-

-

2
~

_

2
2

-

-

-

8

-

-

an d l a te s h if ts .

-

-

_

g
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , G r e e n B a y , W is . , J u ly 1969)
Hourly earnings2
O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Mean3

Median3

•N um ber of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—

Middle range3

U nder

$
$
1 .8 0 1 .9 0

and
1 .8 0 u n d e r

%

U 90

GU AR DS AND W A TC HM EN ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------WATCHMEN:
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

47
42

$
2 .7 5
2 .7 7

$
2 .8 8
2 .9 5

$
$
2 .4 7 - 3 .1 4
2 .4 8 - 3 .1 5

“

_

$
t
$
2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0
_

_

2 .0 0 2 .1 0

4
4

"

*
*
*
2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0

_

2 .2 0

_

_

2 .3 0 2 .4 0

3
3

“

-

*
I
i
2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0

_

*
*
2 .9 0 3 .0 0

*
i
$
3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0

_

_

_

_

2 .5 0 2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 ,9 0

3^00 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0

4
4

“

-

8
5

7
5

_

1
1

_

1
1

_

$
I
$
3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0

_

_
3 .4 0

_
3 ,5 0

i
i
i—
3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0

_

_

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

_
-

-

-

-

-

~
-

~
-

-

59

18

-

18

-

3 .9 0 4 ,0 0

19
19

29

2 .7 9

2 .8 8

2 .5 1 - 3 .1 4

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

5

4

-

-

5

1

1

11

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------

263
202
61
21

2 .8 0
2 .9 1
2 .4 5
2 .7 9

2 .9 6
3 .0 1
2 .5 9
2 .7 9

2 .6 6 2 .7 5 1 .9 3 2 .4 5 -

3 .0 6
3 .0 6
2 .8 3
3 .0 8

4
4
~

13
2
11

2
2
“

-

-

~
~

11
5
6
4

16
12
4
“

12
11
1
1

9
4
5
3

42
32
10
2

5
3
2
1

24
24
~

~

1
~

3
~
3
1

102
94
8
6

17
14
3
3

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
I W O M E N ! ---------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

35
20

2 .2 0
2 .5 7

1 .8 8
2 .8 5

1 .7 9 - 2 .9 5
1 .9 8 - 3 .0 3

9
2

11
3

_

_

_

_

2
2

_

-

1
1

_

-

2
2

_

-

4
4

6
6

LABORERS, MA TERIAL HAND LI NG ------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

476
248
228

3 .1 9
3 .0 3
3 .3 6

3 .1 4
3 .0 7
3 .5 4

2 .9 8 - 3 .5 3
3 .0 0 - 3 .1 6
2 .9 6 - 3 .7 4

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

9

14
6
8

20

17
17

29
17
12

35
20
15

87
86
1

71
71

20

ORDER FI LL ER S ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

112
46

3 .2 3
2 .8 2

3 .3 5
2 .7 9

3 .0 4 - 3 .5 4
2 .7 3 - 3 .1 2

2
2

_

PACKERS, SH IPPING ------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------

49
43

2 .8 5
2 .7 8

2 .7 8
2 .7 7

2 .7 4 - 2 .9 8
2 .7 3 - 2 .9 3

_

_

RECE IV IN G CL ER KS -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

30
24

3 .0 9
3 .1 8

3 .0 5
3 .3 8

2 .6 9 - 3 .6 3
2 . 7 3 - 3 .6 5

-

SH IPPING AND RE CEIVING CLERKS ----MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

18
18

3 .0 1
3 .0 1

2 .9 5
2 .9 5

2 .8 4 - 3 .1 6
2 .8 4 - 3 .1 6

TR U C K D R I V E R S 6 -----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

443
94
349
243

3 .6 2
3 .2 2
3 .7 3
3 .9 1

3 .9 0
3 .1 8
3 .9 2
3 .9 4

3 .2 0 2 .9 1 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 -

3 .9 5
3 .4 7
3 .9 6
3 .9 7

_
-

_
-

“

“

TRUCKDRIVERS, ME DI UM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

104
27

3 .5 7
2 .9 6

3 .9 2
3 .0 1

3 . 0 7 - 3 .9 6
2 . 8 7 - 3 .0 7

_

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

236
180

3 .5 8
3 .6 4

3 .8 3
3 .8 8

3 .1 7 - 3 .9 3
3 .1 8 - 3 .9 4

_

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

384
324
60

3 .1 8
3 .1 0
3 .5 8

3 .2 3
3 .2 1
3 .6 4

3 .0 3 - 3 .2 9
3 .0 1 - 3 .2 6
3 .4 6 - 3 .7 0

_
-

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ----------------------------

52

3 .1 4

3 .1 8

3 .0 8 - 3 .2 5

1
2
3
4
5
6

“
_

9

*

1
1

_

-

*
-

-

_

1

_

1
1

-

2
2

“

2
2

-

-

*
”

2
2

-

-

30

_

46

“

46

10
10

59

-

-

“

-

3
2

20
20

-

-

14
14

20

-

44

_

-

2

_

_

6
6

_

”

29
29

1
1

8
8

_

4
4

_

6

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

2

2
2

3
3

1

1

-

-

10
10

_

-

1
1

_

-

2
2

_

-

“

7
7

1
1

7
7

1
1

_

-

_

-

_

~

-

-

-

-

4
2
2
2

8

_
-

_

8

37
32
5

“

“

“

-

_

2
2

-

~

-

6
6

-

-

~

~

-

3

-

5

-

17
15
2

21
12
9

14
11
3

44
2
42

”

“

“

“

~

“

“

~

~

~

“

_

_

2
2

_

_

_

_

9
7

4
4

14
11

2
2

_

~

_

_

_

_

8

14
6

_

42
42

_

-

62
62
“

11
10
1

9

15

_

_
-

"

_

_

“

~
“

2
2
"

3

_

-

1
-

1

5

3
3

_

4
4

_

”

2

_

~

~

D a ta l im it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a te s h if ts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, t a b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s fo llo w s : 4 a t $ 1 . 4 0 to $ 1 .5 0 ; 1 a t $ 1 .6 0 to $ 1 .7 0 ; a n d 4 a t $ 1 . 7 0 to $ 1 .8 0 .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s iz e a n d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




_

1
1
-

30

30
30

-

“
_

-

*

1
1

2

-

2
2

“

_

2
-

“

3
3

_

1
1
”

23
23
“

46
46

1

-

~

5

-

7
~

“

7
7
_

2

5

_

_

“

“

“

4
4

29

_

_

157
156
1

26
20
6

10
10

_

21

_

1

_

_

-

-

~

_

-

*

-

~

-

28

13

28

_

220
-

220
191

1
1

63

54
43

79
79

“

-

-

-

-

_

_

13

_

55
12
43
43




Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g i n to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h i s p e r m i t s t h e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e of th is e m p h a s is on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , t h e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
I n a p p ly i n g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h i n e (M o o n H o p k i n s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b i n a ti o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h i n e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p i n g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l l y i n v o lv e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n t h e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h i n e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f t h e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o f te n d o n e o n a f a n f o ld
m a c h in e .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d i ly a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f il e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f il l o u t w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c le r ic a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e rs o n a lly .
D u t i e s in v o lv e a n y c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t lis tin g th e ite m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r ic e s a n d q u a n titie s of ite m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r tm e n t to d e te r m in e c r e d i t r a tin g of c u s to m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t of o r d e r s f r o m c u s to m e r s ,
f o llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e t h a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ( R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w i t h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tra n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith t h e s t r u c t u r e o f t h e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e of th e w o rk .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.

CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a o n t h e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t i e s i n v o lv e : C a l c u l a t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s ti n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , tim e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d to ta l w a g e s d u e . M ay m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g u p a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M ay u s e a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d of one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s of a s e t of r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s ( n o t in c l u d i n g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n se d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e tc . M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r t h e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .

CO M PTO M ETER OPERA TOR
P r i m a r y d u t y i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h i s
j o b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith t h a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r ty p e of c l e r k , w h ic h m a y i n v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t , in w h ic h , u s e o f t h i s m a c h i n e i s i n c i d e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u t ie s .

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c ti o n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b il it y f o r
k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p l e t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g to o n e p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk i n v o lv e s p o s ti n g a n d b a la n c i n g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m i n in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s j u d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k i n g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t i n p r e p a r i n g , a d j u s t i n g , a n d
c lo s in g jo u rn a l e n tr i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c la s s B a c c o u n tin g c le r k s .

K EYPU NCH O PER A TO R

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b i n a ti o n k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to k e y p u n c h ta b u la tin g c a r d s . P e r f o r m % s a m e
t a s k s a s l o w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t , in a d d i t i o n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k il ls a n d th e m a k in g of s o m e d e te r m in a tio n s , f o r e x a m p le , lo c a te s on th e s o u rc e d o c u m e n t
t h e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s i n f o r m a t i o n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in fo r m a tio n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e te r m in e in fo r m a tio n to be p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a to r s .

C la s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n tin g o p e ra tio n s su c h
a s p o s ti n g s i m p l e j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s ti n g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l l e d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s ti n g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t i n g d a t a . T h i s jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t i n g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s f o u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ic h t h e m o r e r o u t i n e
a c c o u n t i n g w o r k i s s u b d iv i d e d o n a f u n c t i o n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n ta i n in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
m a te ria l su ch a s c o rre s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r ts , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
a l l g r o u p of l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C la s s B. S o r ts , c o d e s , a n d f il e s u n c la s s if ie d m a t e r i a l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s " o r - p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d i n g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te ria l.
M ay p e r f o r m r e la te d c le r ic a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e rv ic e f ile s .

B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f t h e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o lv e s t,he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n tr y of f ig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T he m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
an d s ta n d a r d ty p e s of s a le s an d c r e d it s lip s .

CLERK,

F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d
f il e s , c la s s if i e s a n d in d e x e s file
m e n ts , e tc . M ay a ls o file th is
w ith t h e f i l e s .
M ay le a d a s m

P r e p a r e s s ta t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l t o b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h i n e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h i n e , a s f o ll o w s :

11

12
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la s s B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b i n a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to k e y p u n c h t a b u l a t i n g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d i n d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g
o f d a t a to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g i n f o r m a t i o n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c to r y , e tc . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f i c ia l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g ., a m id d l e
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o f t e n i n v o lv i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

O F F IC E

BOY O R G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SEC RETA RY

b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f i c ia l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r t h a n 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e i n d iv i d u a l. M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to t h e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f t h e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y i n d e ­
p e n d e n tl y r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u i d a n c e .
P e rfo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y i n c l u d i n g m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m i n g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t i n e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s t h e t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s
t o t h e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ; (c) m a i n t a i n s
t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h i c a n d t y p in g w o r k .
M ay a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s of c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d iff ic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t i n e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a te d to th e w o rk of th e s u p e r v i s o r .
Exclusions
.N ot a l l p o s i t i o n s t h a t a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s t h e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e d e f i n i t i o n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
t h e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s i n w h ic h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s ib le th a n th o s e c h a r a c te r i z e d in th e d e fin itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o lv e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t i e s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in t h e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o ll o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v it ie s . T h e t it le " v ic e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e of th is r o le , d o e s n o t
i n a l l c a s e s i d e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y o n i n d iv i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y i n d iv i d u a l l o a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r i n d iv i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta f f ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly i n g t h e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s A

a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll , o v e r 5, 000 b u t fe w e r th a n 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

th e c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

a ll,

m i

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in
f e w e r t h a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , i n a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w t h e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r e i t h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a te - w i d e f u n c tio n a l a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , i n d u s t r ia l r e l a t io n s . e tc .) o r a m a j o r g e o g ra p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , i n a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r




C

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b il it y is n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f t h e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in t h e d e f i n i t i o n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d i n a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d i n to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o f te n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h i s l e v e l i n c l u d e s
a w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o r

C la s s D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d of a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l u n it ( e .g ., fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ;
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta f f s p e c ia lis t, p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
tiv e o f f ic e r , o r a s s i s ta n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E ;
M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s te n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l of s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G RA PH ER ,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t a k e d i c t a t i o n in v o lv i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a i n t a i n f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h i c p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b in g m a c h in e w o rk .
(S ee tr a n s c r i b in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )

STEN O G RA PH ER,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n i n v o lv i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s i n l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n
copy.
M ay a ls o s e t up a n d m a in ta in f il e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n if ic a n tly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y t h a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v i d e n c e d b y t h e f o ll o w i n g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h i g h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f ic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d of th e s p e c if ic b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f il e s ,
w o r k f lo w , e t c .
U s e s t h i s k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a i n t a i n i n g f o ll o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t i n g in c o m i n g m a i l ; a n d
a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
D o e s n o t in c l u d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d li n g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d l e s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r i n a d d i t i o n to
d o in g r o u t i n e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s ig n m e n t. ( " F u ll" te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s ta b lis h m e n t h a s v a r ie d
fu n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d ily u n d e rs ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x te n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a lls .)
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d li n g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d l e r o u t i n e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M ay p e r f o r m lim ite d te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L im ite d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s if th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f t h e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c if ic n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a ll s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a to r .)

13
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

In a d d itio n to p e rf o r m in g d u tie s of o p e r a t o r o n a s in g le - p o s itio n o r m o n ito r - ty p e s w itc h ­
b o a r d , a c ts a s r e c e p t io n i s t a n d m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t of r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h i s t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e t h e m a j o r p a r t o f t h i s w o r k e r 's t i m e w h i l e a t
s w itc h b o a r d .

C la s s C . O p e r a te s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , c o ll a to r , e tc ., w ith s p e c if ic i n s tr u c tio n s .
M a y in c lu d e s im p le
w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o lv e s p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k
u n i t , f o r e x a m p l e , i n d iv i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

C la s s A . O p e r a te s a v a r i e ty o f ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s , ty p ic a lly
in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h in e s a s th e ta b u l a to r , c a lc u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o ll a to r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r tin g a s s ig n m e n ts w ith o u t c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , an d p e r f o r m s d iffic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h o f te n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g t y p e r e ­
q u i r i n g s o m e p l a n n i n g a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s to b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d i n t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s io n of th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c tio n of a g ro u p of ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s B . O p e r a te s m o r e d iff ic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it i o n t o t h e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c l u d e t h e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w i r i n g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p l e , t a b u l a t i o n s in v o lv i n g a r e p e t i t i v e
a c c o u n t i n g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p l e t e b u t s m a l l t a b u l a t i n g s tu d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u ch r e p o r t s an d s tu d ie s a r e u s u a lly of a r e c u r r in g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u re s a re w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o i n c l u d e t h e t r a i n i n g o f n e w e m p l o y e e s in t h e b a s i c
o p e r a tio n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
tra n s c rib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r i tt e n c o p y a n d do s im p le c le r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n in v o lv i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s l e g a l
b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tif ic r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d ic ta tio n in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r t o m a k e o u t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c l u d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e of t h e f o ll o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f i n a l f o r m w h e n i t
i n v o lv e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t i o n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n i n g l a y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y a n d
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to s u i t c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t i n e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t i n g u p s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL A N D TECH N ICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

DRA FTSM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s t h e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n
f e a t u r e s t h a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig i n a to r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s th e
e ffe c t of e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e ta ils of f o r m , f u n c tio n , a n d p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s of c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m of s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s ta n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e te r m in a tio n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e i r p r e p a r a tio n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a f ts m e n .

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u ti n e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s t h a t r e q u i r e t h e a p p l i ­
c a t i o n o f m o s t o f t h e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s of s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u i ld i n g i n c l u d i n g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s i n m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a ti o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t i e s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e i v e s i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s of s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u f a c tu r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s of d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e tr i c p r o je c tio n s
( d e p i c ti n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f

c o m p o n e n ts a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f ro m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e
p r e c e d e n ts , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith i n itia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In stru c tio n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h e n a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r i n g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d ra w in g s an d t r a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c in g lim ite d to p la n s p r im a r i ly
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it i v e d ra w in g s of e a s i l y v is u a liz e d i te m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d i r e c ti o n to i ll o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e ill o r s u ff e r a n a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s of a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e a c o m b i n a ti o n o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o t h e i l l o r i n j u r e d ; a tt e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s a n d h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s of a p p lic a n ts a n d e m p lo y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv i n g h e a l t h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p l a n t e n v i r o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c ti v it ie s a ffe c tin g th e h e a lth , w e l f a r e , a n d s a fe ty o f a ll p e rs o n n e l.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CA RPEN TER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s t h e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a i n t a i n i n g o o d r e p a i r b u i ld i n g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o llo w in g :
P la n ­
n in g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s i n g a
v a r i e ty of c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r to o ls , a n d s ta n d a r d m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n ts ;




CA RPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s of w o rk ; a n d s e le c tin g m a t e r i a ls n e c e s ­
s a r y fo r th e w o rk .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

14
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E ( M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie ty of e le c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r t h e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y i n a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t i n g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k i n g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in t h e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to l o a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e e le c t r i c ia n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

t h e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s i n t h e v e h i c l e a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a li n i n g w h e e l s ,
a d ju s tin g b r a k e s a n d lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o lts .
I n g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e a u to m o t iv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o rm a l a p p r e n ­
t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a i n t a i n s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e t h e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t i n w h i c h e m p l o y e d w i t h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g .
W o r k i n v o lv e s :
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a i n t a i n i n g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila tin g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k i n g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M ay a ls o s u ­
p e rv is e th e s e o p e ra tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t i n w h i c h e m p l o y e d w i t h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t i n r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
HELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s one o r m o re w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e rf o r m in g s p e c if ic
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s of l e s s e r s k il l, s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d to o ls ;
c l e a n i n g .w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h i n e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o l d in g m a t e r i a l s o r
to o ls ; a n d p e rf o r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c te d b y jo u rn e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o rk th e
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f ro m tr a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n ­
f i n e d t o s u p p ly i n g , l i f t i n g , a n d h o l d in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e t h a t a r e
a ls o p e rf o r m e d by w o rk e rs on a f u ll-tim e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c ia liz e s in th e o p e ra tio n of one o r m o re ty p e s of m a c h in e to o ls , s u c h a s jig b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , i n t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e of a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e ty of p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c tin g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s i o n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u t t i n g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d i e j o b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s of m e ta l p a r t s of m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r i tt e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c if ic a tio n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t of w o rk ; u s in g a v a r i e ty o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h i n in g ; k n o w le d g e o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s
o f t h e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d f i t t i n g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s i n to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t.
I n g e n e r a l , t h e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o rm a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r tr u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t in v o lv e t h e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o l s a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t i n d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a r t s f r o m s to c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b l in g a n d in s ta llin g




M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : E x a m in i n g m a c h i n e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g m a q h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t m a i n l y in v o lv e t h e u s e
o f h a n d to o l s i n s c r a p i n g a n d f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w i t h i t e m s o b t a i n e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f t h e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c if ic a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l in g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e ra tio n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u ire s ro u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o rm a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if i c a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y
d u t i e s in v o lv e s e t t i n g u p o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in t h e p l a n t l a y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o l ­
l o w i n g : P l a n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f t h e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o l s a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a l i n i n g a n d b a l a n c i n g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u i p m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
I n g e n e r a l , t h e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in t h e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r ic a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

of m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts a n d r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , a n d f ix tu r e s of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk i n ­
v o l v e s t h e f o ll o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a i n t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a i n t i n g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u t ty o r f i l l e r
i n n a i l h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly i n g p a in t w i t h s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h i t e l e a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a i n p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, th e
w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s of p i p e a n d p i p e f i t t i n g s in a n
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : L a y i n g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u tt i n g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t l e n g t h s w i t h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e ; t h r e a d ­
i n g p i p e w i t h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p i p e w i t h c o u p li n g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g
t o p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , a n d s i z e o f p i p e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r
f in is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c if ic a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k of th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f i tt e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u i ld i n g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s t h e p l u m b i n g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o r k i n v o lv e s : K n o w le d g e
of s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s ta lla tio n of v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s te m ; in s ta llin g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w i t h a p l u n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k of th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K ER ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r t h e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (su c h a s m a c h in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n tila to r s , c h u te s , d u c ts ,
m e ta l ro o fin g ) of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n n i n g a n d l a y i n g
o ut a ll ty p e s of s h e e t- m e ta l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f ro m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c if ic a tio n s ;
s e ttin g u p a n d o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s of s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e ty of

15
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E ---- C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R ----C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o l s in c u tt i n g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t i n g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; f i x t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s tru c ts a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls , g a g e s , jig s , f ix tu re s o r d ie s fo r f o rg in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o llo w in g :
P l a n n in g a n d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y of to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d i n g o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g of
m a c h i n e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o li n g of m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r i n g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f i n i s h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f i t t i n g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , t h e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in

t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K

GUARD AND W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a i n t a i n i n g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c l u d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t i o n e d a t g a te
a n d c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p lo y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
th e ft, a n d ille g a l e n try .
J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,

OR CLEANER

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n ts of m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of t r a n s p o r ta tio n , and r a te ; a n d p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f t h e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k i n g u p b i l l s of l a d i n g , p o s ti n g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s , a n d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p i n g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g t h e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g t h e c o r r e c t n e s s of
s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b ills of la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r ta g e s a n d r e je c tin g
d a m a g e d g o o d s; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a ls to p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n ts ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a ry r e c o r d s and file s .

(S w e e p e r; c h a rw o m a n ; j a n itr e s s )
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e
a c o m b i n a ti o n of t h e f o ll o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s ti n g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l i e s a n d m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c l e a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t i e s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : L o a d in g a n d u n l o a d i n g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv i n g ,
o r p l a c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o l o a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :

c le r k

D r i v e s a t r u c k w i t h i n a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u f a c tu r i n g p l a n t s , f r e i g h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w i t h o r w i t h o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p tr u c k in g ood w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n t h e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y . )

F IL L E R

(O rd e r p ic k e r;

s to c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e

s to c k m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p i n g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c if ic a tio n s on s a le s s li p s , c u s to m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t io n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d i n d i c a t i n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d i t i o n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n of s iz e s lis te d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , l ig h t ( u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m (lV 2 to a n d i n c l u d i n g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r t h a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

a re

T R U C K D R IV E R

( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d l e r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s to c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

ORDER

R e c e iv i n g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w o rk e rs

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m in s h ip p i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , t h e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n t h e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n i ts to b e p a c k e d , t h e ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t . W o rk r e q u i r e s t h e
p l a c i n g of i t e m s in s h ip p i n g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y i n v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly i n g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g
d a ta o n c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e r a te s a
tra n s p o rt goods and
e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m a n u a l l y c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a ls of a ll k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c tu r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru c k er,
T ru c k er,

p o w e r ( f o r k li f t)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n fo rk lif t)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e n in th a n n u a l r e p o r t o n s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to r n e y s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , en g in eerin g te ch n ic ia n s, d ra ftsm e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly sts, d ir e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, m a n a g e r s o f o ffic e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1 61 7 , N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1968.
S ev en ty -fiv e
cents a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
request

A
of

lis t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in c lu d in g m o r e lim it e d s tu d ie s c o n d u c t e d at the
the W a g e an d H o u r and P u b lic C o n tr a c t s D iv is io n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.
B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d fr o m

the

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the

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of

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U .S . G o v e r n m e n t

P rin tin g

O ffice ,

W a sh in gton ,

D .C .,

20402,

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from

any

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the

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sa les

B u lletin n u m b e r
A rea

A k ron , O hio, J u ly 1969 * ________________________________
Albany— c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M ar. 1969 1_________
S
A l b u q u er q u e, N. M e x . , Apr. 1969_______________________
A lle n t o w n — e t h l e h e m r - E a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M ay 1969-----B
N
A tla n ta , G a . , M ay 1969 ---------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Sept. 1968 1____________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t Arthur— r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1969 1____
P
O
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r. 1969 1_________________________
B o i s e C ity, Idaho, J u l y 1968 1 __________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S ept. 1968 1 _____________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________
B u r lin g t o n , V t ., M a r. 1969 1 ____________________________
Canton, O hio, M ay 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r. 1 9 6 9 _________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r. 1969______________________________
C h attan ooga, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1968 1___________________
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r. 1969 1 _______________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io —
Ky.—I n d ., M ar. 1969 1 ________________
C l e v e l a n d , O hio, Sept. 1968 1 ___________________________
C o l u m b u s , O hio, O ct. 1 9 6 8 1 ____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N ov. 1968 1 _______________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k Is la n d — o li n e , Iow a^Ill.,
R
M
O ct. 1 9 6 8 ________________________________________________
D ayton , O hio, Jan. 1969 1 _______ - ______ _______________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 __________ _____________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r. 1969-----------------------------------------D e t r o i t , M ic h . , Jan. 1969 1 ______________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 1__________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u l y 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M ay 1969 1__ ----------------- --------------------H o u sto n , T e x . , M ay 1969 1----------------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., D e c . 1 9 6 8 1---------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1969 1_____________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , Jan. 1969 1 --------------------------------------K a n s a s C ity, M o.— a n s ., Sept. 1968 1 __________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — . H ., June 1969 --------------H
N
L ittle R oc k — o r th L i t t le R o c k , A r k ., J u ly 1 9 6 9 ----------N
L o s A n g e l e s —Long B e a c h and A n a h e im —
Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f ., M ar. 1969 1 ___________________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1 9 6 8 _________________________
Lubbock, T e x ., M a r. 1969 ----------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
M e m p h i s , Tenn.— r k . , N ov. 1968____________________ ___
A
M ia m i , F l a . , D e c . 1968 1________________________________
M id la nd and O d e s s a , T e x . , M ar. 1969---------------------------M il w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r. 1969_____________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l , M in n ., Jan. 1969________________

and p r ic e

show n

on

B u lle tin n u m b e r
A rea

1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1625-8,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1625-14,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

35c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s

1625-16,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1625-27,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1625-40,
1625-45,
1625-37,
1625-17,
1625-79,
1660-2,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-78,
1625-33,
1625-53,
1660-3,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1625-49,
1625-66,
1625-47,

50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

D a ta o n e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v isio n s a re a lso p re s e n te d .




o ffice s

cover.

M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 196 9 _______
M
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 _______________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 19 6 9 1 ___________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________- ______
N o rfo lk — o r ts m o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 _________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ________________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ________________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
P
W
M a y 1 9 6 9 1 __________________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o ffic e o c c u p a t i o n s o n ly ),
J u l y 1 9 6 9 ___________________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 196 9 ___ '_______________________________
S t. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 19 6 9 1__________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , D e c . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 196 9 1 ___________________________
S an B e r n a r d in o — iv e r sid e— n ta r io , C a lif.,
R
O
O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 __________________________________________________
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 _______________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 ________________________________
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1_________________________
S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 19 6 9 ________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________________
T a m p a —S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 6 8 ________________
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 1_________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________
U t i c a ^ R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 __________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1_______________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n — a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ___________________
W

and p rice

1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88,

30c e n t s
40c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
60 c e n ts

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1625-20,
1625-76,

30c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30c e n t s

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1625-36,
1625-85,

30 c e n t s
30c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1625-25,
1625-32,
1625-44,
1625-21,
1625-68,
1625-12,
1625-43,
1625-23,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1625-5,
1625-10,
1625-57,
1625-18,
1660-1,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40c e n t s
30c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30c e n t s
30c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30c e n t s
35c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212
O F F I C I A L




BUSINESS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

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I F IR S T CLASS M A IL I

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