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APIt c - U l

AREA WAGE SURVEY
Fresno, California, Metropolitan Area
June 1975
B ulletin 1850-61




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
. . B u r e a u of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a June 197 5 survey of occupational earnings and
supplementary wage benefits in the Fresno, California, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area
(Fresno County).
The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual
area wage survey program. The program is designed to yield data for individual metropol­
itan areas, as well as national and regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Statis­
tical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level.
The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in
determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor
to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 82 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside back
cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary
bulletins are issued.
The first brings together data for each metropolitan area surveyed.
The second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected from
individual metropolitan area data.
The Fresno survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in San Francisco,
Calif., under the general direction of Milton Keenan, Assistant Regional Commissioner for
Operations.
The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the
many firm s whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information
in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation
received.

Note:
A current report on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the
Fresno area are available for the laundry and dry cleaning industry. A lso available are
listings of union wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating
employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees.
Free copies of
these are available from the Bureau's regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1850-61

U.S. D E P A R TM E N T OF LA BO R, J o h n T . Dunlop, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

January 1976

Fresno, California, Metropolitan Area, June 1975
CONTENTS

Page

Introduction ..

2

T able s :
A.

B,

Earnings:
A -l,
Weekly earnings of office workers_________________________
A -2 .
Weekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers-----------A -3 .
Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, bysex ---------------------------------------------------------A -4 .
Hourly earnings of maintenance and power plant w orkers_______________________________________________________________
A - 5.
Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement w orkers_________________________________________________________
A -6 .
Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and materialmovement workers, by se x ________
A - 7.
Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupationalgroups, adjusted for employment shifts—

3
4
4
5
6
7
8

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B - 1.
Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and cle rk s______________________________________________________
B -2 .
Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing plant w orkers____________________
B -3 .
Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-tim e first-shift workers______________________________________________________
B -4 .
Annual paid holidays for full-time w orkers______________________________________________________________________________
B -4 a . Identification of major paid holidays for full-tim e w orkers_____________________________________________________________
B -5 .
Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers______________________________________________________ ,____________________
B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension plan provisions for full-tim e w orkers________________________________________________

9
10
11
12
13
14
16

Appendix A.
Appendix B.




Scope and method of survey_______________________________________________________________________________________________ 18
Occupational descriptions__________________________________________________________________________________________________ 21

F or s a le b y th e S u perintend ent o f D ocu m en ts,

U .S .

BLS R e g io n a l O ffic e s lis te d on b a c k c o v e r .

G o v e r n m e n t P rin tin g O f f i c e ,
P r ic e $ 1 .2 0 .

W a sh in gton , D . C .

20402,

GPO Bookstores,

M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le to S u perin ten d en t o f D ocu m en ts.

or

Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on am areawide basis. In this area, data were obtadned
by personad visits of Bureau field economists to representative estab­
lishments within si3f broad industry divisions: Mamufacturing; tramsportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finamce, insurance, amd real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the
construction amd extractive industries. Establishments having fewer tham
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
A -series tables
Tables A - 1 through A -6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of mamufacturing and nonmamufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional amd technical, (c) maintenance amd power pi amt, and (d) custodial
and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A -l a
through A -6a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.
Following the occupational wage tables is table A - 7 which
provides percent chamges in average earnings of office clerical work­
ers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled




maintenance workers, amd unskilled plamt workers. This measure of
wage trends eliminates chamges in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey saimples. Where possible, data are presented for all
industries, manufacturing, amd nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.
B -series tables
The B -series tables present information on minimum entrance
salaries for office workers; late-shift pay provisions amd practices for
plamt workers in manufacturing; amd data separately for plamt amd office
workers on scheduled weekly hours amd days of first-sh ift workers; paid
holidays; paid vacations; amd headth, insurance, and pension plams.
Appendixes
This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides
information on the scope of the area survey amd information on the area's
industrial composition in mamufacturing. It also provides information
on labor-management agreement coverage. Appendix B provides job
descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Fresno, Calif., June 1975
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)_____

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —

1 -------s-------s-------5------ 5-------1-------5-------1-------s------ ----------------s------ *— 3 s

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

95

U n der
and
S
under
95

100

ALL WORKERS

$

$

1* 2.00 1 3 4 . 5 0 -

100

110

no

115

115 120

120

125

125

130

13o

135

135

1*0

m

105

105

1*5

1

22

26

IS
7

26

155

ls o

155

i 60

160

i
170

s

%

I

S
------

160

190

2 00

210

220

J i l l ___ 1111___ 1 90

2 00

210

2 20

over

20

1

15o

s

,m

1*0

1*5

2
18

CLERKS, ACCOUNTINGS CLASS A ■
MANUFACTURING ---------------------—
NONMANUFACTURING------------ ------

15*
59
95

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
*0.0

CLERKSt ACCOUNTINGS CLASS B MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

1 59
*5

* 0 .0 1 2 * .0 0
* 0 .0 1 2 5 .0 0
* 0.0 1 2 3 .5 0

1 1 2 .0 0 1 1 2 .5 0 -

1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

2*

1 1 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

CLERKSs F IL E , CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

*6
*6

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

100. 00121,00
100. 00- 121.00

6
6

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

53
3*
19

* 0 .0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 * 1 .5 0
1 3 * .5 0

1 3 8 .0 0
1 * * .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 * 6 ,0 0
1 1 9 .0 0 1 5 0 .5 0

7
5

3 9 .5

121. 00-

1* 1,00

2

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

63
*9

* 0.0

1 * 2 .5 0

1 3 9 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -

1 * 8 .0 0
1 * 8 .0 0

7
7

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------

135
30

* 0.0

1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0

86
8

SECRETARIES ---------------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S •

297
159
1 38
26

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------- NONMANUFACTURING — •

79
*3
36

* 0 .0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------------

11*

* 0 .0

* 0 .0
* 0 .0

1 5 3 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 * 3 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 1 3 4 .5 0 -

1 21 .00 1 1 2 . 0 0 -

1* 0 .0 0 1 3 8 .0 0 1 3 2 . 5 0 128.00 1 2 9 .0 0 1 2 5 . 5 0 -

1 7 2 .5 0
1 9 2 .0 0
1 * 5 .5 0

15
9

27
9
18

1 2 6 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0

1 1 8 .5 0 -

1 6 * .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 6 .5 0
2 2 8 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 * .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0

2 2 2 .0 0

1 * 0 .5 0 - 1 8 6 .5 0
1 * 6 .0 0 - 1 8 5 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0 1 9 0 .0 0
1 9 9 .5 0 2 7 6 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 7 2 .0 0
1 8 2 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0

1 7 3 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0

1 5 3 .5 0 1 6 7 .0 0 1 2 1 .0 0 -

95
36
59
17

* 0 .0
* 0 .0
* 0 .0
* 0 .0

1 6 8 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0
2 1 3 .0 0

1 5 9 .0 0
1 * 7 .5 0
1 7 1 .5 0
1 9 9 .5 0

1 * 6 .0 0 - 1 9 9 .0 0
1 * 6 .0 0 - 1 7 5 .0 0
1 * 5 .0 0 - 1 9 9 .5 0
1 9 9 .5 0 2 2 8 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

1 17
77

3 9 .5

* 0 .0

1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0

1* 8.00 1 2 9 . 5 0 -

3 9 .0

160.00 1 * * .5 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 -

1 6 * .0 0
1 S 5 .0 0
1 8 0 .5 0

*

*0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------- ------ -----NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

28
27

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0 1 0 9 .5 0 -

1 3 1 ,0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

5
5

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

39
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 0 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0

1 * 2 .5 0
1 * 0 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0 1 2 3 .0 0 -

1 6 6 .0 0
1 5 7 .5 0

11

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS ------ -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- --------------------

*1

1 2 9 .5 0

120 ,0 0

37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 0 .0 0 -

1 * * .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

5
5

SWITCHBOARO

33
20

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 0 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 2 * .5 0

121.00

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 * .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0

7
?

oper a to r - r e c e p t io n is t s n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------

T Y P I S 1 S . CLASS A -------------------------------------T Y P IS T S , CLASS B ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

* W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s :
S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b l e s .




1*7
130

3 9 .5

* 0 .0
3 9 .5

* 0 .0
3 9 .5

1* 8 . 0 0

121.00 1 1 * . 0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 1 1 8 ,0 0

1 2 9 .5 0 -

19

*

15

28
13
15

30
29
1

2*
17
7

1 9 0 .0 0
1 9 3 .5 0
1 8 0 . SO

25
20
5
2

26
16

22

13

10

12
10

9
1
1

7
*1 5
13

8

16

6

12

11
1

23
13

10

10

10

9
9

5
5

23

2

6
11
3

8
8
*

20
13
7

18
13
5

11

118. 001* 6 .0 0
118. 00- 1 1 8 .0 0

1*
1*

26

20

3 at $ 2 2 0 to $ 2 3 0 ; 3 at $ 2 3 0 to $ 2 4 0 ; 1 at $ 2 4 0 t o $ 2 5 0 ; 1 at $ 2 6 0 to $ 2 7 0 ; 6 at $ 2 7 0 t o $ 2 8 0 ; and 1 at $ 3 0 0 t o $ 3 1 0 .

3

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

■
A
Number

of

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

worken

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
1

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

s
130

Mean i

M edian

*

Middle range £

i

$
$
1 7 1 .0 0 -

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ---------------

27

3 9 .5

1 8 2 .5 0

1 8 4 .0 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS C ------------ — ---------- -------MANUFACTURING --------------------- ------ ------ —

IB
IB

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 0 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0

1 5 4 .0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 - 1 6 1 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0 < 3 0 . 0 0 - 1 6 1 . 0 0

____

s

i

s

s

5

s

s

$

5

5

s

$

135

140

145

15o

155

160

165

l7 o

175

180

185

190

195

200

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190

195_

200

205

-

-

-

1

4

2

and
u n d er
135

ALL WORKERS

s

1 9 3 .5 0

8
8

-

—

-

-

—

—

2
2

—

4
4

3
—

-

3
3

8
—

—

—
-

3

-

6

-

-

1

-

-

—

1

-

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Fresno, Calif., June 1975
Average
(m ean2 )

A verage
(m ean'*)

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Weakly
hours *
(standard)

Weakly
earnings1
(standard)

WOMEN
$

m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g . -----------------------------------------

58
90

39e5
4 0 .0

1 6 9 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0

MANUFACTURING — --------- ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1 46
44
1 02

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0

45
45

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0

49

3 9 .5

1 4 1 .0 0

19

3 9 .5

1 3 4 .5 0

63
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 2 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 35
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

-------------------------------- --—

NONMANUFACTURING —

— — — —

—

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A --------------NONMANUFACTURING
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS B —

— —

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
woxkexs

Weekly
houis1




S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

Weakly
hours 1
(standard)

W eakly ^
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
$
1 6 4 .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0

2 79
159

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

SECRETARIES. CLASS B -------------------------------MAN U r Av 1 U KlIN w **—■ * * * * “ "
NONMANUFACTURING — — —
— —

77
43

3 9 .5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

41
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0

33
20

S E C R E T A R IE S --------------------------------------------------------- —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 0 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 7 0 .5 0
1 8 2 .5 0

4 0 .0

m a n u f a c t u r in g

1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0

3 8 .5

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 q *50

18

161*00

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 9 .0
1 45

NONMANUFACTURING:

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

117
77

NOTE:
E a r n in g s data in t a b le A - 3 r e la t e o n ly t o w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ific a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
to all w o r k e r s in an o c c u p a t io n .
(S ee a p p e n d ix A f o r p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .)
S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

Average
(m ean 2 )
Number

Number

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
_

MANUFACTURING

E a rn in g s da ta in t a b le s A - l

— — — — —
— — — —

and A - 2 ,

o n th e o t h e r h a n d,

r e la t e

Hourly earnings3
$
3 .8 0

S
4 .0 0

Middle range 2

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 , 2 p 4 ,4 0

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

•

*

-

1
1

$
4 .4 0

s
4 .8 0

S
5 .0 0

S
5 .2 0

S
5 .4 0

S
5 .6 0

S
5 .8 0

S
6 .0 0

S
6 .2 0

S
6 .4 0

1
6 .6 0

S
1
6 . 8 0 7 .0 0

I
“ 1
1 ----7 .2 0 7 .4 0 7 .6 0

5 ,9 0

5 ,2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

5 ,6 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

4

-

-

1

1

6

-

-

-

10

—

9
9

-

—

.

•

*

-

9
9

2

—

11
9

-

•

2
2

-

-

-

4
4

•

-

18
3

-

3

$
4 .2 0

©
C
O

S
3 «6 o

, 3 .4 0

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n
Mean 2 Median2

*

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —
$
3 .4 0

S
3 .2 0

S
4 .6 0

-

27

4

-

-

29
29
-

1

31
23
8

4
4
4

•

-

and
u n d er

and
>
*
o

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

ALL WORKERS
CARPENTERS** MAINTENANCE -

23

$
6 .2 8

$
6 .1 4

$
$
5 . 9 3 - 6 .8 6

ELECTRICIANS* MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------------

54
29

6 .5 5
5 .6 5

6 .1 4
5 .6 5

5 .6 5 4 .8 8 -

ENGINEERS* STATIONARY -----NONMANUFACTURING ----------

31
16

5 .8 2
5 .7 9

5 .8 5
5 .6 6

5 . 6 2 - 5 .8 9
5 . 0 0 - 6 .6 2

MACHINISTS* MAINTENANCE -

55

6 .7 1

6 .1 4

6 . 0 0 - 7 .6 1

MECHANICS* AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------

105
55
50
41

6 .0 8
5 .8 1
6 .3 9
6 .4 5

6 .0 0
5 .7 0
6 .8 9
6 .9 1

5 . 7 0 - 6 .8 9
5 . 6 5 - 6 .0 0
6 . 1 4 - 7 .0 9
6 . 8 9 - 7 .2 7

MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE - MANUFACTURING -----------------

225
220

5 .5 4
5 .5 3

5 .8 5
5 .8 5

4 . 9 2 - 6 .1 4
4 . 9 2 - 6 .1 4

*
**

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s :

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b l e s .




7 .8 8
6 .1 4

“

•
-

6
6

2
2
2

4
4
4

-

•

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

...

21 at $7.:80 t o $ 8 ; and 1 at $ 9 .2 0 to $ 9 .4 0 .
18 at $ 7 :6 0 to $ 7 .8 0 ; and 3 at $ 8 .8 0 t o $ 9 .

-

20
20

42
42

-

3
3
—•

•
-

•

•

14
14

•

*

5
5

8
8

.

11
9

1

63
60

-

30
30

7
7

*

25
25

1
y

•'

•'

-

■
*
«*

i
i

-

-

-

-

15
•
15
15

4
•
4
4

12

•

.

T

y

12
12

m

-

•22
1
-

*421
•
•
..

Hourly earnings3

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

i
S
s
2 .2 0 2 *A q 2 . 6 0
and
under

s
I
2 . Bo 3 .0 0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o i S
s
s
S
S
S
S
5
1
S
s
s
3 . Ao 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 A .2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0 5 . 0 0 5 . 2 0 5 . A0 5 .6 0

(
3 .2 0

f
5 .8 0

i

6 .0 0

S
6 .2 0

i
6 .4 0

$
6 .6 0
m -

2 .A 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

? ,? 0

3 ,4 ?

9

10

21

5

161

33

4 .0 ?

4 .2 0

4 ,4 0

67
67

A

A .6Q ^ .0 0

$ .0 0

5 .S 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

over

ALL WORKERS
JANITORS. PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ------

$
3 .3 6

386

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .0 0 -

$
3 .5 5

-

51

21

•

A

ID
LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ---------------

19A

3 .2 8

TRUCKDRIVERS ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------

182
171
29

A . 95
A . 85
5 .3 6

5 .0 2
5 .0 2
4 .5 0

A . 0 0 - 6 .1 A
3 . 5 0 - 6 .1 A
A . 5 0 - 6 .9 8

A
A
-

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

57
A9

5 .A 2
5 .1 5

5 .0 2
5 .0 2

A .9 0 - 6 .6 5
A .6 3 - 5 .0 2

•

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

86
8A

5 .0 9
5 .0 6

6 .1 A
6 .1 A

3 . 0 0 - 6 .1 A
3 . 0 0 - 6 .1 A

*

*

20
20

*

8
8

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2A2
1 69

A . 13
A . 07

3 .8 2
3 .8 2

3 . 8 2 - A . 66
3 . 8 2 - A . 56

20
*

•

*

*

6
6

-

WAREHOUSEMEN----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

177
103
7A

A .53
A . 35
A . 77

A . 26
A . 26
A . 30

A .0 0 - 5 .4 9
A .0 0 - 4 .9 8
3 . 4 2 - 5 .9 A

.
-

•
•

•
-

-

2
1
1

2 .5 0

2 . A 5 - A . 25

3

2

5

*

20
20
*

1
*

19
19

-

-

-

100

1

8
8

1
1

•

-

1
1

66

.

i

6

^ 01

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s :

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




10 at $ 6 .6 0 t o $ 6 .8 0 ;

10 at $ 6 .8 0 t o

.

.

.

*
-•

-

-

—

*

—

-

•
*

17
IT

7
7

11
1
10

29
20
9

*
-

1

16
15
5

10
10

•*

1
*

72
72

-

-

*
15
15

1

$ 7 ; 8 at $ 7 t o $ 7 .2 0 ; and 1 at $ 8 .6 0 t o $ 8 .8 0 .

.
—

10
10
10

•
*

„

.

m

-

A
1

3
3
*

21
21
-

7
7
3

2
2
—

3
3

3
3

21
21

2
2

■
s»

•

-

•

•
*

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

•

-

1
1

•

-

-

-

A2
42

-

13
-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

2A
2A

A

ao
ao

6
6

70
30

6
6

5A
36
18

3
3

.
-

3
3

A
A

-

-

-

1A
1A

21
21

42
A2
-

*
••

18
10

_

U
»

-

♦29
20
10

11
10

e».

-

-

_

m a in t e n a n c e

and

Number
of
woikers

(mean^ )
hourly
earnings3

pow erplant

OCCUPATIONS -

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

23
54

$

6 .5 5

31
16

5 .8 2
5 .7 9

SS

6 .7 1

TRUCKDRIVERo
r U n L lv

U 1 i L 11 1 L j

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2
MECHANICS.

Average
(m ean 2 )

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MEN

MACHINISTS. MAINTENANCE -----------------------

Number
of
woikers

oo
rv
j




Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

TO

AUTOMOTIVE
105

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

6 .0 8

50
41

6 .3 9
6 .4 5

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY

(OVER 4 TONS,

2 20

3 .3 7
3 .7 9

5 .0 6

3 .1 3

5 .5 3

365

84

21

NONMANUFACTURING ---------- --— ---------------

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ------

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .

E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 6 r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x
id e n t ific a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y the e s t a b lis h m e n t . E a r n in g s da ta in
t a b le s A - 4 and A - 5 # on th e o t h e r h a n d, r e la t e to a ll w o r k e r s in an
o c c u p a t io n .
(S e e a p p e n d ix A f o r p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .)




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts
N O T E : D ata f o r ta b le A - 7 a r e n ot a v a ila b le f o r the F r e s n o
s u r v e y s in c e th is is the f i r s t y e a r a s u r v e y o f c o m p a r a b le s c o p e w as
co n d u c t e d in the a r e a .
R e f e r e n c e to ta b le A - 7 in the s ta n d a rd tex t o f the b u lle tin d o e s
n o t a p p ly to th is a r e a .

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Fresno, Calif., June 1975
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ■

M anuf actu r ing
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r y 4

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

B a se d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f —

A ll
in d u s tr ie s
A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

83

23

12

5

2

-

1
2

2

2

UNDER $ 1 0 5 . 0 0 ----------------UNDER $ 1 1 0 . 0 0 ----------------UNOER $ 1 1 5 . 0 0 ----------------UNDER $ 1 2 0 . 0 0 ----------------UNDER $ 1 2 5 . 0 0 -------- -------UNDER $ 1 3 0 . 0 0 ----------------O V E R -------- — — --------------------

2
1
1
1
1
1

1
•

1
“

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO SPECIFIED
MINIM UM-----------------------------------— -------------------

14

3

ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATEGORY ---------------------

57

15

ESTABLISHMENTS STUDIED

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SPECIFIED
MINIM UM----------------------------------------- ----------------UNDER
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 .0 0
$ 9 2 .5 0
$ 9 5 .0 0
$ 9 7 .5 0
$ 1 0 0 .0 0
$ 1 0 5 .0 0
$ 1 1 0 .0 0
$ 1 1 5 .0 0
$ 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0
$ 1 3 0 .0 0

$ 8 5 . 0 0 ------------------------------------------AND UNDER $ 8 7 . 5 0 --------------------AND UNDER $ 9 0 . 0 0 --------------------AND UNDER $ 9 2 . 5 0 --------------------AND UNDER $ 9 5 . 0 0 --------------------AND UNDER $ 9 7 . 5 0 --------------------AND UNDER $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 ------------------AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




1
1
*

XXX

A ll
s c h e d u le s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

60

XXX

83

23

5

7

5

18

-

-

2
•
1
*

1
1
*

1
1
1
2
1
1
3

1
1
1
1

1
«
*
1
1

2
-

1
•
•
1
1
-

XXX

11

XXX

36

XXX

42

XXX

29

1
1
*

-

1
3
1
1

N onm anuTactur ing

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f—

A ll

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

XXX

60

XXX

4

4

14

11

•

•
.
-

1
1
1
2
1
1
2

1
2
-

1
•

“

1
•
•
•
2
1
1

9

XXX

27

XXX

10

XXX

19

XXX

1

1
1
.
1
1
-

1
2

.
2
1
1




(A ll f u l l - t i m e m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s = 100 p e r c e n t )
W o r k e r s on la t e s h ift s

A ll w o rk e r s 7
S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d sh ift

S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d sh ift

PERCENT OF WORKERS
7 7 .1

1 6 .1

7 7 .1

1 6 .1

5 4
5 .1

W*

n ri irrr
OTHER
AVERAGE PAY DIFFERENTIAL
2 2 .1

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR*

*

rPMT<;
rPKlTQ
rPIUTQ
OCkITC
CENTS

3 .1
1 .1

1 .8

UNIFORM PERCENTAGES
*u5

1 .4
4 5

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le e .

.
lie

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item

O ffic e w o rk e r s

A ll In d u s tries

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS -----------------------

100

lo o

100

100

100

100

100

100

3 5 HOURS-5 DAYS -------------------------------------------3 7 1 / 2 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------------38 4 / 5
HOURS-5 D A Y S -------------------------------4 0 HOURS ----------------------------------------------------------4 DAYS --------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS --------------------------------------------------------6 DAYS --------------------------------------------------------4 4 HOURS ----------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS --------------------------------------------------------6 DAYS ---------------------------------------------------------

4
8

1
1A

86
1
84
1
3
1
1

7
90
3
86
3
3
-

3 9 .7

3 9 .8

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS

-

-

-

83
81
1
2

100
-

100

1
19
1
79
2
77
(9 )

12
88
11
77

1
21
1
77
•
77
(9 )

.
•

100
•
100
•
•

-

.

.
•

.

.

2

-

-

*

-

-

3 9 .7

4 0 .0

3 9 .5

3 9 .7

3 9 .4

-

ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES ---------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e at en d o f t a b le s .




*•
o
o

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

PERCENT OF WORKERS
100

100

100

ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS -----------------------

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------------IN EStABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------

11

-

19

2

1

-

1

89

100

81

98

99

100

99

100

8 .3

8 .6

8 .0

9 .7

8 .7

8 .7

8 .7

9 .6

-

4
(9 )
3
6
17

_

_
(9 )
2
4
10
8
(9 )
17
15
14
4
15
1
9
1

2
15
-

(9 )
2
4
9
10

•
.
•
1

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PAID HOLIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIDAYS -------------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIDAYS PROVIDED10
1
2
5
6
7

HOLIDAY -------------------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF PAYS ---------------------------------8 H O L ID A Y S --------;--------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY -----------------------------------9 HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------------PLUS I HALF DAY -----------------------------------10 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------------11 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------------12 HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------------13 HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------------------

2
(9 )
2
4
16
1
18
22
21
1
(9 )
1

2
14
2
32
22
27
2
~

*
8
23
17
1
2

5
IS
78
•
"

1
27
21
5
25
3
.
*

_

14
19
12
4
12

68

11
1

-

7
25

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIDAY TIME PROVIDED1
1
1 DAY OR MORE ----------------------------------------------5 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------6 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------7 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------8 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------8 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------9 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------10 DAYS OR M O R E ------------------------------ -----------12 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------13 DAYS ------------------------------------------------------------

89
87
85
81
65
65
46
46
24
24
2
1

100
lo o
100
98
84
84
50
50
29
29

81
76
73
67
50
50
42
42'
20
20
3
2

98
98
98
98
98
98
93
93
78
78
“

99
99
97
93
83
76
58
43
30
25
10
1

100
lo o
100

98
83
83
55
55
34
29
-

99
98
96
92
83
73
59
40

28
25
12
1

100
100
100
100
99
99
93
93
68
68

"
S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk e r s

I t e m 10
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m a n u f a c tu r ing

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N on m a n u f a ctu r ing

P u b lic u tilitie s

P ercen t o f w ork ers
A ll f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s _______

______

100

100

100

100

N ew Y e a r 's D a y ,
L i n c o l n 's B ir t h d a y , „ „
W a s h in g t o n 's B ir t h d a y __
G o o d F r i d a y ...
G o o d F r i d a y , h a lf d a y
M o t h e r 's D a v
M e m o r ia l D a y ...,
F o u r t h o f J u l y __ ___
L a b o r D a y ______ _
Sta te D a y . __ _____ ___
C o lu m b u s D a y __
V etera n s D a y .
T h a n k s g iv in g D a y _ _
D a y a ft e r T h a n k s g iv in g __
C h r is t m a s E v e
C h r is t m a s D a y _
E x t r a d a y d u r in g C h r is t m a s w e e k
N ew Y e a r 's E v e _
N ew Y e a r 's E v e , h a lf d a y „ _
F lo a t in g h o lid a y . 1 d a v 13_____________________
F lo a t in g h o lid a y , 2 d a y s 13 ____
E m p lo y e e 's b ir t h d a y ... .
___ ...

87
3
53
16

100

76
5
54
7

98

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




-

2
85
87
87
3
8
25
87
35
20
89
9
1
14
6
15

-

52
28
-

-

-

3
73
76
76
4
14
23
77
18
5
81
7
10
22

100
100
100
-

28
100
59
39
100
21
2
22
7

-

98
18
-

98
98
98
50
47
98
66
2
98
39
-

47

100

100

100

100

99
7
75
11
26

100

98
8
79
4
32
_

100

96
98
98
31
14
23
99
26
6
99
4
_

100
100
100

-

97
99
99
25
11
25
99
31
13
99
3
3
1
19
11
12

-

61
34
-

100
100
100
30
100
49
40
100
-

12
6
29
-

12

17
14
12

-

100
23
_
_

_

34
51
100
67
100
_
.
33
.

51

O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M anuf a ctu r Ing

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N on m a n u fa c tu rin g

too

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

(9 )

-

1

1

(9 )

-

(9 )

•

99
87
12

100
88
12

99
87
13

99
98
2

99
98
2

100
97
3

99
99
1

100
100
-

6 MONTHS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER I AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ------------

8
13
4

6
10
*

10
16
7

39

(9 )
42
2

29
3

(9 )
45
1

•
33
-

1 YEAR OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVFR I AND UNOFR 2 WEEKS -----------2 W EEKS---------------------------------- --------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

61
1
26
3
4

67
20
3

57
2
31
5
4

30
64
5

28
(9 )
67
(9 )
3

27
58
9

29
(9 )
69
(9 )
2

28
67
«•
5

2 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER I AND UNOER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------4 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------

16
1
72
3
2
1

22
65
3
*

11
2
78
5
2
2

94
5
-

2
(9 )
93
(9 )
3
1

7
78
9
-

(9 )
(9 )
97
(9 )
1
1

•
•
95
•
5
-

3 YEARS OF SERVICE:
I WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------4 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------

3
1
84
3
3
1

3
84
3
“

3
2
85
5
3
2

94
5
“

1
(9 )
94
(9 )
3
1

2
•
83

(9 )
(9 )
96
(9 )

•
•
95

9
-

2

5
-

4 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 W EEK------------ --------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------4 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

3
1
84
3
3
1

3
84
3

3
2
85
5
3
2

—
94
—
5
*

1
(9 )
94
(9 )
3
1

2
83
9
, -

(9 )
(9 )
96
(91
2
1

95
•
5
-

5 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------4 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

2
1
60
5
25
3

3
2
53
8
32
3

88
6
5

(9 )
(9 )
39
1
56
3

56
1
28
9

<9 )
<9 )
34
(9 )
63
2

85
9
5

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ----------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIOING
PAID VACATIONS ----------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAIO VACATIONS ----------------------------------------LENGTH-OF-TIME PAYMENT --------------------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT -----------------------------AMOUNT OF PAID VACATION A F T E R :1
4

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




69
2
16
3

•

-

1

•
_

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item

AMOUNT QF PAID VACATION AFTER14
CONTINUED

A ll in d u s t r ie s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N on m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

-

10 YEARS OF SERV IC E!
I WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2* W EE KS-------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS — -------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------

2
1
9
3
69
(9 )
11

5
68
•
17

3
2
12
5
70
1
6

i
•
93
-

12 YEARS OF SERV IC E!
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ------------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------

2
1
7
3
70
(9 )
12

5
66
•
18

15 YEARS OF SERV IC E!
1 W EE K ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ------------2 WEEKS — * --------------------- --------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------

2
1
5
3
53
2
30

60
-

20 YEARS OF SERV IC E!
1 WEEK ----------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS ------------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER 4 WEEKS -----------4 W EE K S-------------------------- -----------------------5 W EE K S---------------------------------- ------ --------

5

(9 )
(9 )
3
(9 )
83
1
12

i
66
27

(9 )
(9 )
3
(9 )
87
1
8

•
3
92
5

3
2
9
5
74
1
6

•
1
.
93
•
5

(9 )
(9 )
3
(9 )
80
4
12

•
1
66
27

(9 )
<9>
3
<»>
83
5
8

3
92
5

•
•

30

3
2
9
5
47
3
30

(9 )
(9 )
3
(9 )
38
4
54

33
61

(9 )
(9 )
3
(9 )
39
5
52

3
81
1
15

2
1
5
3
30
(9 )
50
4

34
56
“

3
2
9
5
27
1
46
7

(9 )
(9 )
3
(9 )
16
1
77
2

•
10
79
4

(9 )
(9 )
3
(9 )
17
1
76
2

3
88
9

2 5 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 W EE K ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNDER 2 WEEKS ------ -----2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------4 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------5 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------6 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------

2
1
5
3
30
36
18
1

34
52
4
-

3
2
9
5
27
24
28
1

(9 )
(9 )
3
(9>
16
54
24
1

•
10
61
23
*

(9 )
(9 )
3
(9 )
17
53
24
2

3
5
82
9

30 YEARS OF S E R V IC E !*
1 WEEK — r ---------------------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNDER 2 WEEKS ------------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 W EE K S------------3 WEEKS -------------------------- -----------------------4 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------5 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------6 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------

2
1
5
3
30
35
19
1

•
34
49
7

3
2
9
5
27
24
28
1

(9 )
(9 )
3
(9 )
16
53
25
2

10
53
29
2

(9 )
(9 )
3
(9 )
17
53
24
2

3
5
82
9

*

E s t im a t e s o f p r o v i s i o n s f o r lo n g e r p e r io d s o f s e r v i c e a r e id e n tic a l.

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




1
73
12
13
.
1
.
90
8
•
1
_
5
87
6
•
.
1
.
5
87
6

P la n t w o r k e r s

V

Ite m

A l l in d u s t r ie s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N on m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS -----------------------

100

100

100

100

100

lo o

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BENEFITS
SHOWN BELOW1 5 ------------------------------------------------

99

100

98

100

99

100

99

100

LIFE INSURANCE --------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS --------------------------

81
74

90
85

74
66

100
68

92
76

96
80

91
75

100
75

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
OISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE ----------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---------------------------

70
66

76
71

65
62

80
68

78
67

83
64

77
68

76
75

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OR BOTH16 ---------------------------

55

58

52

81

89

79

92

83

21
20

20
20

22
21

45
45

22
20

17

23
20

42
42

27

17

36

81

81

71

83

83

17

23

12

-

5

-

6

-

LONG-TERM D ISA B IL IT Y
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

16
11

15
9

16
13

38
26

54
44

43
20

57
50

35
34

HOSPITALIZATION INSURANCE --------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

98
83

100
91

97
77

100
56

99
49

60

99
45

100
61

SURGICAL INSURANCE -----------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS --------------------------

98
83

100
91

97
77

100
56

99
49

60

99
45

100
61

MEDICAL INSURANCE --------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

96
81

97
89

96
76

94
50

98
47

98
58

98
44

91
52

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE -------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

95
80

96
87

94
74

100
56

99
40

98
58

99
36

100
61

DENTAL INSURANCE ----------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

44
40

48
45

41
37

44
32

47
25

54
39

45
22

40
39

RETIREMENT PENSION ------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS --------------------------

62
54

66
57

60
51

84
73

71
48

81
51

68
47

74
59

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE ----------------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------------SICK LEAVE (FULL PAY AND NO
WAITING PERIOD) --------------------------------------SICK LEAVE (PARTIAL PAY OR
WAITING PERIOD) -------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




Footnotes
A ll of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular a n d /o r prem ium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of w orkers. The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m ore and half receive le ss than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.
3
Excludes prem ium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These sa la rie s relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes w orkers in subclerical jobs such as m essen g er.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the m ost common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late sh ifts, and establishments whose form al provisions cover late
sh ifts, even though the establishm ents were not currently operating late shifts.
8 L e ss than 0.05 percent.
9 L e ss than 0.5 percent.
10 For purposes of this study, pay for a Sunday in Decem ber, negotiated in the automobile industry, is not treated as a paid holiday.
1 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for exam ple, the proportion of workers receiving
1
a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions then w ere cumulated.
12 A C hristm as—
New Year holiday period is an unbroken series of holidays which includes Christm as Eve, C hristm as Day, New Y e a r's
Eve, and New Y e a r 's Day.
Such a holiday period is common in the automobile, aerospace, and farm implement industries.
1 "F lo a tin g " holidays vary from year to year according to em ployer or employee choice.
3
14 Includes payments other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or fla t-su m paym ents, converted to an
equivalent tim e b a sis; for exam ple, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily
and do not n ece ssa rily reflect individual provisions for progression; for exam ple, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between
5 and 10 y e a r s. E stim ates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 w eeks' pay after 10 years includes those eligible for
at least 3 w eeks' pay after fewer years of service.
15 E stim ates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer. "Noncontributory
p lan s" include only those financed entirely by the em ployer.
Excluded are legally required plans, such as w orkm en's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirem ent.
Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
lim ited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la t e d b e n e fit s d a ta a re o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u fi e ld r e p r e s e n t ­
a tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In e a c h o f th e in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and
o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s is c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e
in te r v ie w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f th e 8 2 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , da ta a re o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s : M a n u fa ctu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s tr y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the c o n s t r u c t io n and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a vin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d
b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d .
S e p a ra te t a b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r
e a ch o f th e b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a sa m p le b a s is .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d
s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y and n u m b e r
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m t h is s t r a t i fie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y sa m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t
h a ving a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d . W hen data a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t
i s w e ig h ted a c c o r d i n g t o it s p r o b a b ilit y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o that u n b ia se d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d .
F or
e x a m p le , i f on e .out o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it i s g iv e n a w eig h t o f f o u r t o r e p r e s e n t it s e l f
p lu s th re e o t h e r s . An a lte rn a te o f th e sa m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ilit y is c h o s e n in th e s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e
c l a s s i fic a t i o n i f data a r e n ot a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f n o su ita b le su b stitu te is
a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t i s a s s ig n e d t o a sa m p le m e m b e r that i s s i m il a r t o th e m is s in g unit.
O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
O cc u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stud y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g
in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3 )
m a in ten a n ce and p o w e r p la n t ; and, (4 ) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t . O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f ic a t i o n is
b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d t o ta k e a cco u n t o f in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u ties w ithin th e s a m e j o b . O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p en d ix B .
U n le ss o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s da ta fo llo w in g th e j o b t it l e s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in g s data f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d i v is io n s w ithin
o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n
i s t o o s m a ll t o p r o v id e en ou g h da ta t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta . S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s da ta a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d w hen th e
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not id e n t ifie d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f th e m en o r w o m e n id e n t ifie d in an
o cc u p a tio n .
E a r n in g s data n ot sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s tr y d i v is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll in d u s t r ie s
c o m b in e d da ta , w h e r e sh ow n .
L ik e w i s e , da ta a re in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a ll c l a s s i f ic a t i o n w hen a s u b ­
c l a s s i fic a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s i s n ot show n o r in fo r m a t io n t o
s u b c la s s ify i s n ot a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e show n f o r f u l l- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d
t o w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le . E a r n in g s data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s . N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s
and in ce n tiv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l
o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r t o th e sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e ro u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t im e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e ch a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y ch a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F or
e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y ch a n g e , o r h ig h -w a g e

w o r k e r s m a y a dv an ce t o b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ift s in
e m p lo y m e n t co u ld d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a
in c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , show n in t a b le A - 7 ,
a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s t r ie s and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r
in p a y l e v e l and j o b sta ffin g , and thus c o n t r ib u t e d i ff e r e n t ly t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
Pay
a v e r a g e s m a y fa il t o r e f le c t a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e d i ff e r e n t ia l a m on g j o b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y le v e l s f o r m en and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n ot b e a s s u m e d t o
r e f le c t d i ff e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y co n t r ib u t e
t o d i f f e r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ithin e s t a b l is h e d r a te r a n g e s , s i n c e on ly th e r a t e s p a id in cu m b e n ts
a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c i f ic d u tie s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s .
Job
d e s c r i p t i o n s u se d t o c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a li z e d than t h o s e u s e d
in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m in o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e
o f th e study and n ot th e n u m b e r a ctu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m on g e s t a b l is h ­
m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n ly t o in d ic a te th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s tu d ie d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e d o not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n in g s data.
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
The
Annual ra te s
sp an b e tw e e n
i n c r e a s e d at

p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in ta b le A - 7 r e la t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e in d ic a t e d d a te s .
o f in c r e a s e , w h e r e sh ow n , r e f l e c t th e a m ount o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n th s w hen th e t im e
s u r v e y s w a s o th e r than 12 m o n th s . A n n u a l r a t e s a r e b a s e d on th e a s s u m p t io n that w a g e s
a con s ta n t ra te b etw een s u r v e y s .

O c c u p a t io n s u s e d t o co m p u te w a g e t r e n d s a r e :
O ffi c e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s B
C l e r k s , a cco u n tin g , c l a s s e s A and B
C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C le rk s , o rd e r
C le rk s , p a y ro ll
K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten og ra p h ers, g en era l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s B
T y p is t s , c l a s s e s A and B

E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g (m en
and w o m e n )— C o n tin u e d
C o m p u t e r s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s A ,
B , and C
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g i s t e r e d )
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ):

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g
(m e n and w o m e n ):

C a rp e n te rs
E le ctricia n s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o t iv e )
P a in t e r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s , c l a s s e s A , B ,
and C

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g

U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ):

P e r c e n t ch a n g e s f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m a r e c o m p u t e d a s f o l lo w s :
1. E a ch o c c u p a t io n i s a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in th e s e l e c t e d
g r o u p o f o c c u p a t io n s in th e b a s e y e a r .

' Personal visits were on a 2-y ea r c y c le before July 1972.
2. T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d t o c o m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n )
2
Included in the 82 areas are 12 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton,r n in g s i s m u lt ip lie d b y it s w e ig h t.
ea
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d t o o b ta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .
N .Y .- P a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lau derdale-H ollyw ood and West Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, F la .; Lexington-Fayette, K y .; M elbou rn e-T itu sville3. T h e r a t io o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s i s c o m p u t e d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e
C ocoa , F la .; N orfolk-V itgin ia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News-H ampton, Va. —N. C . ; Poughkeepeie-Kingston-Newburgh, N. Y . ; R a leig h f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r b y th e a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt s — e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 10D
Durham, N. C l; Syracuse, N . Y . ; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70
is the p e r c e n t change.
areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w ag e
p r o v is i o n s f o r f u l l - t i m e p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll
n on s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c t io n s .
C a fe t e r ia
w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m m a n u fa c t u r in g , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g in d u s t r ie s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g
s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r
r e l a t e d fu n c t io n s .
A d m in i s t r a t iv e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and p a r t - t im e e m p lo y e e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
P a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s a r e t h o s e h i r e d t o w o r k a s c h e d u le c a llin g r e g u la r ly f o r fe w e r w e e k ly h o u r s than
th e e s t a b l is h m e n t 's
s c h e d u le f o r f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s in th e s a m e g e n e r a l ty p e o f w o r k .
The
d e t e r m in a t io n is b a s e d on th e e m p l o y e r 's d is t in c t io n b e tw e e n th e tw o g r o u p s w h ic h m a y ta k e in to
a c c o u n t not on ly d i f f e r e n c e s in w o r k s c h e d u le s but d i ff e r e n c e s in p a y and b e n e fit s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e la t e on ly t o the e s t a b lis h m e n t s v is i t e d . (See
t a b le B - l . )
B e c a u s e o f th e o p t im u m
sa m p lin g te ch n iq u e s u s e d and th e p r o b a b ilit y that la r g e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s t o h a ve fo r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s a b o v e the
s u b c l e r i c a l le v e l , th e t a b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o l ic ie s in m e d iu m and la r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
Shift d i ff e r e n t ia l d a ta a r e li m it e d t o fu ll- t im e plant w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s . (See
t a b le B - 2 . ) T h is in fo r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f (1 ) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l ic y 3 f o r toted pla n t w o r k e r
e m p lo y m e n t , and (2 ) e f f e c t iv e p r a c t i c e f o r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on the s p e c i fie d sh ift at th e t im e o f the
s u r v e y . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r ie d d i ff e r e n t ia l s , ther am ount a pplyin g t o a m a jo r it y is u sed .
In
e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g s o m e l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l is r e c o r d e d o n ly i f it
a p p lie s t o a m a jo r it y o f th e sh ift h o u r s . A s e c o n d (e v e n in g ) sh ift end s w o r k at o r n e a r m id n ig h t. A
t h ir d (n ig h t) sh ift s t a r t s w o r k at o r n e a r m id n ig h t.
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s o f a m a jo r it y o f th e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l is h ­
m e n t a re ta b u la t e d as a p p ly in g t o a ll f u l l - t i m e plant o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b lis h m e n t .
(See
t a b le B - 3 . )
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s a re t h o s e w h ic h a m a jo r it y o f f u l l- t im e e m p lo y e e s a re
e x p e c t e d t o w o r k f o r s t r a i g h t - t im e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a id h o l id a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly
as a p p ly in g t o a ll f u l l - t i m e p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e li g ib le o r m a y
e v e n t u a lly q u a lify f o r th e p r a c t i c e s li s t e d . (S ee t a b le s B - 4 th rou g h B - 6 . ) S u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in
t a b le s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 5 m a y not e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f rou n din g.

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s is a s t a t is t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v is i o n s r a t h e r than a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t io n o f fu l l - t i m e w o r k e r s a ct u a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e fit s . (S ee ta b le B - 5 . )
P r o v i s i o n s a pply t o a ll plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f len g th o f s e r v i c e .
P a y m e n t s on o t h e r than a t im e b a s is a r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t im e p e r io d ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n in g s a r e c o n s id e r e d e q u iv a le n t t o 1 w e e k 's p a y . O nly b a s i c p la n s a r e in c lu d e d . E s tim a t e s
e x c lu d e v a c a t io n b o n u s e s , v a c a t i o n -s a v in g s p la n s , and " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l " b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s ic
p la n s .
S u ch p r o v is i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and ca n in d u s t r ie s .
H ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io ii p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t
in c lu d e t h o s e (1 ) u n d e rw ritte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t io n , (2 )
p r o v id e d t h ro u g h a union fu n d , o r (3 ) p a id d i r e c t ly b y th e e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r
f r o m a fu n d s e t a s id e f o r t h is p u r p o s e .
(S ee t a b le B - 6 . )
An e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d t o have
s u c h a pla n i f th e m a jo r it y o f e m p l o y e e s a r e c o v e r e d e v e n th ou g h l e s s than a m a jo r it y p a r t ic ip a t e
u n d e r th e pla n b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s . a r e r e q u i r e d t o co n t r ib u t e t o w a r d the c o s t .
E x c lu d e d are
le g a ll y r e q u ir e d p la n s , s u c h as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a ilr o a d re t ir e m e n t .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e i s li m it e d t o that ty p e o f in s u r a n c e und er w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d
c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t ly t o th e in s u r e d d u rin g t e m p o r a r y illn e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ility .
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s t o w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in New
Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ic h h a ve e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s re q u ir in g e m p lo y e r
c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p l o y e r (1 ) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e than is le g a ll y r e q u ir e d ,
o r (2 ) p r o v id e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fit s w h ic h e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s o f
p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e li m it e d t o f o r m a l p l a n s 5 w h ic h p r o v id e fu l l pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the
w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a re p r e s e n t e d
a c c o r d i n g t o (1 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e fu ll p a y and n o w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e e it h e r
p a r t i a l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n t o th e p r e s e n t a t io n o f p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v id e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k l e a v e , an u n d u p lica te d t o t a l is show n o f w o r k e r s w ho
r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e fit s .
L o n g t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e p l^ n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts t o t o t a lly d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the
e x p ir a t io n o f t h e ir p a id s ic k le a v e a n d /o r s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e t e r m in e d
p e r i o d o f d is a b ilit y (t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ).
P a y m e n ts a r e m a d e u n til the en d o f the d is a b ilit y , a
m a x im u m a g e , o r e li g ib il it y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fit s .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m en ts a re a lm o s t a lw a ys
r e d u c e d b y s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n s b e n e fit s p a y a b le t o the
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

D ata on p a id h o lid a y s a r e li m it e d t o h o lid a y s g ra n te d a nnually on a f o r m a l b a s i s , w h ic h (1 )
a r e p r o v id e d f o r in w r it te n f o r m , o r (2 ) a re e s t a b lis h e d by c u s to m .
(S ee ta b le B - 4 . )
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r i ly g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th ey m a y fa ll on a n on w ork d a y and th e w o r k e r is not
g r a n t e d a n o th e r day o ff.
T h e f i r s t p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o le and
h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh ow t o t a l h o lid a y
t im e .
T a b le B - 4 a r e p o r t s th e in c id e n c e o f the m o s t c o m m o n p a id h o lid a y s .

M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o t e c t e m p lo y e e s f r o m s i c k n e s s and in ju r y e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d i c a l, and s u r g i c a l p la n s . T y p ic a l fe a tu r e s o f m a jo r m e d ic a l
p la n s a r e (1 ) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id b y th e in s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e fit s b e g in ; (2 ) a c o in s u r a n c e
fe a t u r e r e q u ir in g th e in s u r e d t o p a y a p o r t io n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f c e r t a in e x p e n s e s ; and (3 ) sta ted
d o l la r m a x im u m b e n e fit s ( e . g . , $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 a y e a r ) .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . D en ta l in s u r a n c e u s u a lly c o v e r s f i ll in g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s . E x clu d e d
a r e p la n s w h ic h c o v e r o n ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s p r o v id e
p a y m e n ts f o r th e r e m a in d e r o f th e w o r k e r 's l i f e .

3 A n establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it met either of the following conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the
survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.
An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer contributions.
5 A n establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least die minim um number of days sick leave available to each
em ployee.
Such a plan need not be Written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l is h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stud y

I n d u s try d i v i s i o n 2

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ithin s c o p e o f stu d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y 5

S tudied
Stu died

T o ta l4
N u m b er

P ercen t

F u ll-t im e
p la n t w o r k e r s

F u ll-t im e
o ffic e w o rk e rs

T o ta l4

ALL D IVISIO N S -------------------------------------------------------------

-

303

83

4 1 ,4 1 5

100

2 5 ,3 8 3

6 ,9 1 4

1 8 ,9 0 3

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION* COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5 ----------------------------------------w h o l e s a l e TRADE
---------------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE
----------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE
--------------SERVICES8 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

50
-

81
222

23
60

1 5 ,1 2 3
2 6 ,2 9 2

37
63

1 1 ,0 0 3
1 4 ,3 8 0

1 ,4 4 1
5 ,4 7 3

1 2 ,6 5 3

50
50
50
50
50

23
42
91
27
39

10
8
20
8
14

5 ,0 8 0
3 ,3 8 6
9 ,9 1 8
3 ,6 6 9
4 ,2 3 9

12
8
24
9
10

2 ,4 8 8
( 6)

<6 >
<7 >
( 6>

956
<6 >
<6 >
( 6)
<6 >

4 ,0 2 1
831
3 ,4 8 5
1 ,9 7 6
2 ,3 4 0

1 T h e F r e s n o S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g et th rou g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f F r e s n o C o u n ty . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y "
e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y . E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n
w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r le v e l s s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r io d s tu d ie d ,
and (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m tile s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
T h e 1967 e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s if ic a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m li m it a t io n . A l l o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s s u c h a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and
m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , p a r t - t im e , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e p la n t and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r tr a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is d i v is i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , and f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta is
n o t m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ou g h da ta t o m e r it s e p a r a t e stu d y, (2 ) the s a m p le w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in it ia l ly t o p e r m it s e p a r a t e
p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ff ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te t o p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n t ir e d i v is i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , but f r o m the r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l
i n d u s t r ie s " in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n o f da ta is n o t m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv en in fo o tn o te 6.
H o t e ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a rk in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e l ig i o u s
and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

I n d u s t r ia l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u fa ctu rin g
L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n t c o v e ra g e
O v e r o n e -t h i r d o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the F r e s n o a r e a w e r e
e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s the m a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s and
s p e c i f ic in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c t u r in g :
In d u stry g rou p s

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s

F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 27
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 12
T r a n s p o r t a t io n e q u ip m e n t ______ 11
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ______ 7
A p p a r e l and o t h e r t e x t ile
6
F a b r ic a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 6
6
T e x t ile m i l l p r o d u c t s ___________
6
P r in tin g and p u b lish in g
5

M o t o r v e h i c l e s and
e q u ip m e n t __________________ ______ 9
C a n n ed , c u r e d , and
f r o z e n fo o d s _
______ 8
M is c e lla n e o u s fo o d s and
8

T he fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n sh o w s th e p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h a u n io n c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the
w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , F r e s n o , C a li f ., June 1 97 5:
P la n t w o r k e r s

...

...6

___5

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p il e d b e f o r e a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s m a y
d i ff e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on the r e s u lt s o f the s u r v e y a s sh ow n in the a p p e n d ix t a b le .




A l l i n d u s t r ie s ____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________
P u b lic u t il it i e s ____________

O ffic e w o rk e r s

61
71
54
98

7
9
48

A n e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d t o h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s
i f a m a jo r it y o f su c h w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d b y a l a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e fo r e ,
a ll o th e r pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that e it h e r d o n ot h a v e
la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s th a t a p p ly t o f e w e r than h a lf o f
t h e ir plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f the ex te n t
t o w h ic h a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y th e p r o v is i o n s o f la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d and th e in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f the s u r v e y
i s lim it e d .

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is t o a s s i s t it s fi e ld s t a ff in c la s s i fy in g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o l l t it l e s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t t o e s t a b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a re a to a rea .
T h is p e r m it s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le j o b co n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s is on
in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i ff e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m th o s e in u se in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fi e ld e c o n o m i s t s a re in s t r u c t e d
t o e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic
t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as t o b illin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o rk
in c id e n t a l t o b il li n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e stud y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f
m a c h in e , ^s f o l lo w s :

P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l t a s k s su c h as p o s t in g t o r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i li n g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r i fy in g th e in te r n a l c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y
o f a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; ex a m in in g and v e r ify in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g , e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r
a s s is t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p li c a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s . M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u tom ated
a cco u n tin g s y s t e m .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a ch in e (c o m b in a t io n ty p in g and
a ddin g m a c h in e ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s and in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and
sh ip p in g c h a r g e s and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u t e d on th e b illin g
m a c h in e , and t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a cc u m u la te d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u su a lly in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b e r p f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is often d on e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a
t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b il ls as p a rt o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly in v o l v e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n t r y o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m a ch in e
a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te s f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l co lu m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a lly p r in t s
a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e of b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s fr o m
u n ifo r m and s ta n d a rd t y p e s o f s a le s and c r e d i t s lip s .

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f i c e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich
r e l a t e s t o th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a cco u n tin g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , th e w o r k e r t y p i c a ll y b e c o m e s fa m il ia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d t o h a ve a k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s
o f b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g .
P o s it i o n s

a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s w h ich r e q u ir e
th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a t e d o r
n o n r e p e t it iv e a cco u n tin g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g am on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a ccou n tin g
c o d e s and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th ou g h p r e v io u s a cco u n tin g a c t io n s t o d e te r m in e
s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s . M a y b e a s s i s t e d b y one o r m o r e c l a s s B a cco u n tin g c l e r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e
b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .

(w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f

C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g
p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m il ia r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t ic u la r a ccou n tin g s y s t e m u se d .
D e t e r m in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d it it e m s t o b e u se d in e a ch p h a se o f th e w o r k . M ay
p r e p a r e c o n s o li d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in clu de a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l,
c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (n ot in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d er b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t
d i s t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d i s t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s is t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l
b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a cco u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.

R e v is e d o c c u p a t io n a l d e p c r ip t i o n s f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r ; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n i s t ; m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r , t o o l r o o m ; and t o o l and die m a k e r a r e b e in g in tr o d u c e d th is y e a r .
T h e y a r e the r e s u lt o f th e B u r e a u 's p o l ic y o f p e r io d ic a l ly re v ie w in g a r e a w a g e s u r v e y o c c u p a t io n a l
d e s c r i p t i o n s in o r d e r t o ta k e in to a c c o u n t t e c h n o l o g ic a l d e v e lo p m e n ts and t o c l a r i f y d e s c r i p t i o n s s o
th a t th e y a r e m o r e
r e a d i ly u n d e r s t o o d and u n ifo r m ly in te r p r e t e d . E v e n th ou g h the r e v i s e d
d e s c r i p t i o n s r e f l e c t b a s i c a l l y th e s a m e o c c u p a t io n s as p r e v io u s ly d e fin e d , s o m e r e p o r t in g ch a n g e s
m a y o c c u r b e c a u s e o f th e r e v i s i o n s .
T h e new s i n g le le v e l d e s c r i p t i o n f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r is not the e q u iv a le n t o f the tw o
l e v e l s p r e v io u s l y d e fin e d .




C la s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and s t a n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s ,
p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e ro u tin e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s tin g t o l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r
w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r ly in d ic a t e d ; ch e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; and co d in g
d o c u m e n ts u sin g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m .
M ay p e r f o r m
c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d t o m a in ta in f i l e s . P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s is
o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .
C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and
d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f i le t h is m a t e r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r le v e l

L is t e d b e lo w a re
s t e r e o t y p e s in the t it l e s :

in d e x e s f i le m a t e r ia l su c h as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l
filin g s y s t e m co n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r f i le s .
k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in co n ju n c tio n w ith the f i le s .
M ay
fi le c l e r k s .

re v is e d

o c c u p a t io n a l

t it l e s

in tr o d u c e d

th is

year

to

e lim in a t e

R e v is e d tit le

F o r m e r title

D r a ft e r
D ra fte r-tra ce r
B o i l e r te n d e r

D ra fts m a n
D r a ft s m a n -t r a c e r
F ir e m a n , sta tio n a ry b o il e r

sex

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed
C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s i fi e d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h ea d in gs
o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y fi n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t if ie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r f o r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that h a s a lr e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is
e a s il y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f ic a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g i c a l, o r
n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and n\ay
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in and
s e r v i c e f i le s .
C L E R K , ORDER

• E xclusions
Not a ll p o s it io n s that a re t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
p o s it io n s w h ic h a re e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin it io n a r e as f o l lo w s :
a.

P o s it io n s w h ic h d o not m e e t th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ;

b.

S te n o g r a p h e r s n ot fu lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l t y p e d u tie s ;

c.
S te n o g r a p h e r s
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

s e r v in g

as

o ffic e

a s s is t a n t s

to

a grou p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l,

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ic h th e d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia lly m o r e
s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin it io n ;

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u ties in v o lv e any c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo l lo w i n g ; Q u otin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r
s h e e t lis t in g th e it e m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n titie s o f it e m s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d is tr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r tm e n ts t o b e f i ll e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d it d e p a r tm e n t
t o d e t e r m in e c r e d i t ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , fo l lo w up
o r d e r s t o s e e that th e y h a ve b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i le o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y da ta on th e p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D uties in v olv es
C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s * e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and_ p o s tin g
c a lc u la t e d da ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh ow in g in fo r m a t io n su c h as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w d r k in g d a y s , t im e ,
r a t e , d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s due. M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m a king up and d is tr ib u tin g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .
KEYPUNCH O PE R A T O R
O p e r a te s a k ey p u n ch m a ch in e t o r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
c a r d s o r on ta p e.
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s

a lp h a b e tic a n d /o r n u m e r i c da ta on ta bu latin g

on the b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C la s s A . W o rk r e q u i r e s th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s
t o b e fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g , s e l e c t i n g , o r co d in g it e m s t o b e k e y p u n ch e d f r o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e k e y p u n ch w o r k . M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . W o rk i s ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f ic
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d ,
and fo llo w s s p e c i f ie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a ve b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g ,
c o d in g , o r in te r p r e t in g o f da ta t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v is o r p r o b l e m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s
ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a t io n .
M E SSE N G E R

E x a m p le s o f

t e c h n i c a l,

or

ro u tin e o r s u b ­

e.
A s s is ta n t ty p e p o s it io n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d i ff ic u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b le t e c h n i c a l,
a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c i a l iz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ic h a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l
w ork .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e fin it io n s fo l lo w i n g , r e f e r s t o t h o s e
o f f i c i a l s w h o have a sig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r co m p a n y
a c t iv i t ie s .
T he t it le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th ou g h n o r m a ll y in d ic a t iv e o f t h is t o l e , d o e s n o t in a ll c a s e s
id e n t ify s u c h p o s it io n s . V i c e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s i b il it y i s t o a ct p e r s o n a ll y on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d en y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l
t r u s t a c c o u n ts ; d i r e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d t o b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u r p o s e s o f a pplying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la s s A
1.
S e c r e t a r y t o the ch a irm a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a
co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but ( e w e r than 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o f a m a jo r se g m e n t
o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p l o y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a
co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n c t io n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iz a t io n a l se g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d i v is i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u tie s su ch as run ning e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s
s u c h as s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , op en in g and d is tr ib u tin g m a il , and o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x clu d e
p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5. S e c r e t a r y t o th e h ea d o f a la r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d red
p e r s o n s ) o r a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly t o on e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a ir ly in d ep en d en tly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u tie s , u su a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
a.
R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e r s rou tin e in q u ir e s ,
and r o u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts as in s t r u c t e d ;

d.
v i s o r 's

E s t a b li s h e s ,

c.

m a in t a in s ,

and r e v i s e s the

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

P e rfo r m s

s u p e r v is o r t o s u b o r d in a t e s ;

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

M ay a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a lly r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e ro u tin e and u n d ersta n d in g o f the o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p r o c e d u r e s

r e la t e d t o the w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .




e t c . (o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t

le v e l o f

C la s s G
1.
S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b il it y i s not e q u iv a le n t t o
on e o f the s p e c i f ic le v e l situ a tio n s in th e d e fin it io n f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit
n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t s
w h ic h a re o fte n , in t u rn , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is le v e l in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e o f
o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r t w o ; o £

s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r ­
s ig n a tu r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

fa c t o r y ,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

fa c t o r y ,

e t c . (o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f

C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y t o the
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

s u p e r v is o r

or

head

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a non s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r non s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )

P r i m a r y du ty is t o ta k e d ic t a t io n u sin g sh o r th a n d , and t o t r a n s c r i b e the d ic ta tio n . M ay a ls o
ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a ll y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m
v o ic e
r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r i m a r y du ty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T ra n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).

O p e r a t e s on e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h as th e t a b u la t o r , c a lc u la t o r , c o l la t o r , in t e r p r e t e r ,
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , e t c . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is d e fin it io n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s . A l s o e x c lu d e d
a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th ou g h th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a te E A M eq u ip m en t.

N O T E ; T h is j o b i s d i s t in g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s
in a c o n f id e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b le and
d i s c r e t io n a r y t a s k s a s d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e fin itio n .

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lon g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h often a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g s o m e p lanning o f th e n a tu re and
s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u se o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s . Is t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s o r t r a in in g lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in
the o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in clu d e p o s it io n s in w h ic h w ir in g
r e s p o n s i b il it y i s li m it e d t o s e le c t io n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

S ten og ra p h er, G e n e ra l
D ic ta tio n in v o l v e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

M ay m a in ta in

file s ,

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
D ic ta tio n i n v o l v e s a v a r ie d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l iz e d v o c a b u la r y su c h as in le g a l b r ie f s
r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

or

OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y
than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o r k r e q u ir e s a h igh d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic
s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f
th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f lo w , e t c . U s e s th is
k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l t a s k s su ch as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p
f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; co m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m
g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; r e a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw e rin g rou tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o le u s e d w ith a p r iv a te b r a n c h e x ch a n g e (P B X )
s y s t e m t o r e l a y in c o m in g , o u t g o in g , and i n t r a - s y s t e m c a ll s .
M ay p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n t o c a l l e r s ,
r e c o r d and t r a n s m it m e s s a g e s , k e e p r e c o r d o f c a ll s p la c e d and t o ll c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a
t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k (ty pin g o r ro u tin e
c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a jo r p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r ’ s t im e , and is u su a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at
th e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a t o r a r e e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a ls o a c t s as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w it c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r R e c e p t io n is t .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a s i n g le - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o le , a c t s b oth as an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w itc h ­
b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n is t . R e c e p t io n is t 's w o r k in v o lv e s su ch d u tie s as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ;
d e t e r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r t o
a p p r o p r ia t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n iz a t io n , o r c o n ta ctin g that p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and a rra n g in g an
a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

P o s it io n s

a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g t o e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d er s p e c i f ic in s t r u c t io n s .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e c o m p le t e but rou tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f la r g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d iff ic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h as the
ta b u la t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d ition t o the s i m p l e r m a c h in e s u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M ay b e
r e q u i r e d t o d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
M ay t r a in n ew e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s .
C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g
m a c h in e s su c h as th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g r u n s, o r r e p e titiv e
o p e r a t io n s .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e filin g w o rk .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L ,
P r i m a r y duty is t o t r a n s c r i b e d icta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s
t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l iz e d v o c a b u la r y su c h as le g a l b r ie f s o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t i f ic r e s e a r c h a re n ot in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d ic ta tio n in sh orth a n d o r b y
S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o ‘ a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r t o m a k e out b il ls a fte r ca lc u la t io n s
m
h a ve b e e n m a d e b y a n oth er p e r s o n .
M ay in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c il s , m a t s , o r s i m il a r m a t e r ia ls fo r
u se in d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l tr a in in g , s u c h as k eep in g
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d is tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l f o r m w hen it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s i b il it y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n ,
p u n ctu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r un u su al w o r d s o r fo r e ig n la n g u a ge m a t e r ia l; o r p lanning la y ou t and
ty p in g o f c o m p li c a t e d s t a t is t i c a l t a b le s t o m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and b a la n c e in sp a c in g . M ay ty p e rou tin e
f o r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils t o su it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m rou g h o r c l e a r d r a ft s ;
o r r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c ; o r se ttin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y se t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COM PUTER OPERATOR

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s da ta c c c o r d in g t o
o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
S tu d ie s in s t r u c t io n s t o d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; loa d s eq u ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y eq u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , and s ta r ts and
o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l
c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e t e r m in e s ca u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m t o
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M ay te st and a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rog ra m .

C la s s _ B .
O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c tio n
ru n s , t y p i c a ll y run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; t h e r e is lit t le o r n o te stin g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a jo r ch a n g e o r ca n n ot be
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s it u a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e
a c t io n .
T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u sin g sta n d a rd
c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r op era tors

a re c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
New p r o g r a m s a re fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and
in tr o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e t o m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s
a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o that id e n t if ic a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f the
t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n c e t o
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .




O pera tes und er
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
p e r fo r m i n g l e s s d iff ic u lt
and w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w

d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r run ning p r o g r a m s o r se g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s
d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M ay a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d ep en d en tly
t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt t a s k s fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s
o f o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d .

C la s s C . W o r k s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n . Is e x p e c te d t o d e v e lo p w ork in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r eq u ip m en t u s e d and a b ility t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in run ning rou tin e
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly ha s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l
o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a ll y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t, in to a
s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic da ta p r o c e s s in g
e q u ip m en t. W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w h en e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u la tio n o f d a ta t o a c h ie v e
d e s ir e d r e s u lt s .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b il it i e s ,
m a th e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s
and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a ile d
flo w c h a r t s t o sh ow o r d e r in w h ic h da ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s
f o r m a ch in e t o f o l lo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p r o d u c t io n run ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s t o in c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r
adapt t o n ew r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m in g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f t h is is
th e s k il l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r
e le c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d /o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l lo w s :
C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia g r a m s
and c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u l t s , m a jo r p r o c e s s i n g s te p s t o b e a c c o m p li s h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g r o u t in e ; p la n s th e fu ll ra n g e
o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d t o e ff ic i e n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in . a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d
en d p r o d u c t s .
A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g i s d i ff ic u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da ta e le m e n t s . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u st o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t io n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in t s b e tw e e n
o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts t o da ta w h en p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and
su b sta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n t s t o f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p r o v id e

fu n c t io n a l

d i r e c t io n t o

lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s

w ho a re

s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo l lo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s in v o lv in g
a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t da ta and
m u lt i p l e -u s e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f output da ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d u lin g ,
in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h t y p e is
a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it ia t e d
b y th e c o m p u t e r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p li c a t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g
o p e r a t io n s . M a k es r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r c h a n g e s
and f o r ob tain in g eq u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l d i r e c t io n t o lo w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d t o a s s i s t .
C l a s s B . W o r k s in d ep en d en tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e ly
u n c o m p lic a t e d t o a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e
s o u r c e s o f input d a ta a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and t h e outpu t da ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s
s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n ts in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b l e in a r e t a il
e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n ts in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o le s a l e e s t a b l is h m e n t .)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s s u b j e c t m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s in d ep en d en tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e on c o m p le x
a s s ig n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p li a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t io n s , and t o in s u r e
p r o p e r a lig n m en t w ith th e o v e r a ll s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d er im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g out a n a ly s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p and ex p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r ie n c e in th e
a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k il ls r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a
h ig h e r le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly st b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f ic a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m
in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t.

a s s ig n e d t o a s s i s t .

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e l a t i v e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n t o
p r o d u c e data in tw o o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and li s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s t o o r d e le t io n s f r o m in put d a ta w h ic h a r e
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a ve b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r
a c t io n s s o that t h e a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n cin g o f d a ta ca n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a l ly , th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g t y p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OB
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m i n g
l e s s d iffic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m i n g m o r e d iff ic u lt t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d
in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f
sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN ESS
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s t o fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
da ta p r o c e s s i n g eq u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i fic a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s t o b e a u to m a te d and id e n t if ie s c o n d it io n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d t o
a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ;
o u tlin e s a c t io n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f fic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n t o
m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly t h is in v o l v e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k and d a ta flo w c h a r t s );
c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ;
and r e c o m m e n d s eq u ip m e n t ch a n g e s t o o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f t h is is
th e skdlll u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r
e le c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t i f ic o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .




F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t iv e d e s ig n fe a t u r e s
th a t d i ff e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n
o r i g in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h ch a n g e on th e
d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s a n d p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e . C o m p le t e d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y
w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y
lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t e r s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p lic a t io n
o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r ly u s e d . D u tie s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , and p r e c i s e
p o s it i o n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a
b u ild in g in clu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d
fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t io n s t o d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r ia ls t o b e
u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t ie s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e i v e s in it ia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and
a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s G . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s and a d ju s t s o r
t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on
s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w hen a s s ig n m e n t s
recu r.
W o r k m a y b e s p o t -c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s
and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is t i n g o f
s t r a ig h t li n e s and a la r g e s c a l e n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e l in e a t io n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

W o r k s on v a r io u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s b y p e r fo r m i n g on e o r a
c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo l lo w i n g : I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d ify in g ,
c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y t o d e t e r m in e m a lfu n c t io n s , and s k il l t o put eq u ip m en t in r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

C l a s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e t o s o lv e c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e ., t h o se
that t y p i c a ll y ca n b e s o l v e d s o l e ly b y p r o p e r ly in te r p r e t in g m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m il a r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t. W o r k in v o l v e s : A f a m il ia r i t y w ith the in t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g t o o ls and te s tin g
in s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x than t h o s e u s e d b y th e c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s is t i n g o f e it h e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u it s o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f
th e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , bu t i s n o t li m it e d t o , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m it t in g
and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . , r a d a r , r a d i o , t e le v i s io n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l a id s ), (b )
d ig it a l and a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o llin g eq u ip m e n t.

R e c e iv e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and
w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts . M ay p r o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u c h s ta n d a rd e le c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t as c o m m o n o f f ic e
m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e le v i s io n s e t s ; p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e
p r im a r y du ty i s s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w ho h a v e a d m in is t r a t iv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i b il it y ; a n d d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .

C l a s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e t o p e r f o r m s im p le o r rou tin e t a s k s in w o rk in g
on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a l ly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork
t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e s s u c h t a s k s a s : A s s is t in g h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g su c h a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t;
and u sin g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , m u lt i m e t e r s , a u dio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s ,
o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is n o t r e q u i r e d t o b e f a m il ia r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u it s . T h is k n o w le d g e ,
h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d t o i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in clu d in g c l a s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) s o that w o r k e r ca n a d v a n ce t o h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s

on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C l a s s A . A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e t o s o lv e u n u su ally c o m p le x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . ,
t h o s e th a t t y p i c a ll y ca n n o t b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y
r e f e r e n c e t o m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m il a r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f su c h p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and
d e n s it y o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o - m a g n e t i c r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and fr e q u e n t e n g in e e r in g
ch a n g es.
W o r k in v o l v e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e rsta n d in g o f th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g
in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u c h t a s k s as m a k in g c i r c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r e la t io n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly usin g c o m p le x t e s t in stru m e n ts' ( e . g . , du al t r a c e
o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W o rk m a y b e re v ie w e d b y
c o m p li a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e t o lo w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

R e c e iv e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n . W ork
is t y p i c a ll y sp ot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w w hen n ew o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o lv e d .
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g i s t e r e d )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d ir e c t io n t o i l l o r in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a f a c t o r y o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id t o the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; atten din g t o s u b se q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a tien ts t r e a t e d ;
p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and
h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h ea lth
e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f pla n t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r o t h e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g th e h ea lth ,
w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g
m o r e than one n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n is h th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r stea m .
F e e d s fu e ls t o f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w a t e r and s a fe t y v a l v e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o y a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m eq u ip m e n t.

A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c i f i c o r
g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k ill, s u c h as k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; d eem in g
w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and e q u ip m e n t; a s s is t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and
p e r fo r m in g o t h e r u n s k ille d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n . T h e k in d o f w o r k the h e lp e r i s p e r m it t e d
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s the h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d t o su p p ly in g , lift in g ,
and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d t o p e r fo r m
s p e c i a l iz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a
f u l l- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd
s h o p co m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h as th e in s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g : I n s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t
s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h ea tin g u n its,
c o n d u it s y s t e n j s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n eq u ip m e n t; w o rk in g f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r
o t h e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g
st a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a
v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the
m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a te ^ and m a in t a in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
eq u ip m e n t (m e c h a n io a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o su p p ly th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t,
r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it i o n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t,
s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g eq u ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k e ep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n
o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l co n s u m p t io n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ea d o r
c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re e x c lu d e d .




M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia li z e s in o p e r a t in g on e o r m o r e than on e ty p e o f m a c h in e t o o l ( e .g ., j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g
m a c h in e , en g in e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) t o m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s ,
fi x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t ic , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) . W o rk t y p i c a ll y i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g
d iff ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u i r e c o m p li c a t e d se tu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g
up m a c h in e t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g t o o ls and a d ju st g u id e s , s t o p s , w o rk in g t a b le s , and o th e r
c o n t r o ls t o h a n d le th e s i z e o f s t o c k t o b e m a c h in e d ; d e t e r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and
o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in ts , o r la y o u t s ); usin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts d u rin g m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n t o a ch ie v e
r e q u is it e d im e n s io n s t o v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cutting
and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s , t o r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n e e d d r e s s i n g , and t o d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk
o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r , t o o l r o o m , at the s k il l le v e l c a ll e d f o r in t h is c l a s s i fic a t i o n r e q u ir e s
e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h c o n s id e r a b le
o n - t h e - jo b t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t h is c l a s s i f ic a t i o n d o e s not in clu d e m a c h in e -t o o l
o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , e m p lo y e d in t o o l - a n d - d i e jo b b in g s h o p s .

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : in te r p r e t in g w ritte n
in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's h a n d tools
and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; se ttin g up and o p e r a tin g sta n d a rd m a c h in e t o o ls ; sh a p in g o f m e ta l

p a rts t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o li n g ,
fe e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t in g
sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and eq u ip m en t r e q u ir e d f o r t h is w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to
m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tra in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l ls , w o o d w o r k , and fi x t u r e s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s th e
fo l lo w i n g : K n ow led g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u li a r it i e s and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d iff e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r pa in tin g b y re m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o t s , o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o t h e r
pa in t in g r e d ie n t s t o o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e
p a in t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n ce )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e eq u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
eq u ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a i r s that in v o lv e th e u se o f su c h h a n d to o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l iz e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m
s t o c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b li e s in th e v e h ic le
and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y
b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

T h is c l a s s i f ic a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e m e c h a n i c s w h o r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile
r e p a ir sh op s.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e
fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a r tly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a i r s that m a in ly in v o lv e th e u se o f h a n d to o ls in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g
the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a ch in e sh o p o r sen d in g o f th e m a ch in e t o a m a c h in e shqp
f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c i fic a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a rts
o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts fo r
o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is c l a s s i fic a t i o n a re w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e settin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s ta lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h ea vy
eq u ip m en t w hen ch a n g e s in the pla n t la y ou t a r e r e q u ir e d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P lannin g and la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in te r p r e t in g b lu e p r in ts o r o t h e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
h a n d tools and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la tin g t o s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lign in g and b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g .s ta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and
p a rts t o be u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h as
d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, th e m il lw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t ra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

I n s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b l is h ­
m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g t o lo c a t e p o s it io n o f
p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r w ritte n s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g th s
w ith c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th r e a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s and
d i e s ; b en d in g pipe b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and
fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i fic a t i o n s . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r i ly
e n g a g e d in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h e a tin g s y stefois a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a l ls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l eq u ip m e n t and fix tu r e s (s u c h
as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t il a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g )
o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g ou t a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; se ttin g up and o p e r a t in g a ll
a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g , b e n d in g ,
fo r m in g , sh a p in g , fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L AN D DIE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a ir s j i g s , f i x t u r e s * cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in
sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m q ta l o r n o n -m e t a ll ic m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) .
W ork
t y p i c a ll y in v o l v e s : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r
w r it te n o r o r a l s p e c i fic a t i o n s ; u n d ersta n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and a ll o y s ;
s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d t o c o m p le t e t a s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
s h o p co m p u ta tio n ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; u sin g v a r io u s
t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k in g t o v e r y c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
h e a t -t r e a t in g m e ta l p a r t s and fin is h e d t o o l s and d ie s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a lit ie s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p a rts t o p r e s c r i b e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k
r e q u i r e s rouivded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age stud y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s w h o (1 ) a re e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g sh o p s o r (2 ) p r o d u c e fo r g in g d i e s (d ie s in k e r s ).

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
G U AR D AND W A T C H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G

G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l ic e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
usin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . I n clu d e s g u a r d s w ho a r e s ta tio n e d a t g ate and c h e c k on
id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e
d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g ; L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e
on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y
h a n d tr u ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e w o r k e r s w ho lo a d and u n loa d s h ip s a r e e x c l u d e d .

W a tch m a n .
and il le g a l e n t r y .

M a k e s rou n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a l ly in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r ly a g a in st f i r e , th e ft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o f f ic e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f
the fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h i p s , t r a s h , and o t h e r
r e fu s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e , o r fi x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fix t u r e s o r t r i m m in g s ; p r o v id in g
su p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n ce s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s
w h o s p e c i a l iz e in w in d ow w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .




O R D E R F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s l ip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n t o
fillin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g it e m s fi ll e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t e d d u tie s .
P A C K E R , SH IPPIN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s ,
th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g d ep en d en t upon th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f un its t o b e
p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s
in sh ip p in g co n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f

s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y co n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia te ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g
e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r ia l t o p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and
s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e
w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a re e x c lu d e d .

fo l lo w s :

F o r w a g e stud y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t,
o r w o r k e r s b e t w e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s su c h a s: M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o t s ,
w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b etw een r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s and c u s t o m e r s '
h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n load t r u c k w ith o r w ith ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m in o r
m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
S a le s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s
a re e x clu d e d .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s li s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d er IV2 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 t o and in clu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r than t r a i l e r t y p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g sh ip m e n ts
o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r ia ls .
S h ippin g w o r k in v o l v e s : A k n ow led g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s ,
p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s
s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b il ls o f la d in g , p o s tin g w eig h t and sh ipp in g c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g a fi le o f sh ipp in g
r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ipm en t. R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o l v e s :
V e r ify i n g o r d ir e c t in g o t h e r s in v e r i fy in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m e n ts a ga in st b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o i c e s ,
o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r
m a t e r ia ls t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and fi l e s .

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e and ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

T R U C K E R , POW ER

goods

O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o ll e d g a s o li n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t
and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s abou t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (f o r k l if t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e an u n d e rsta nding o f
th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls (o r
m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in st r e c e iv in g d o c u m e n t s , n otin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ;
ro u tin g m a t e r ia ls t o p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r in g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g m a te r ia ls in
a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and ta k in g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ;
e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; re m o v in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s t o r a g e
and p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r fo r m in g w a r e h o u sin g d u ties.
E x clu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e iv in g w o r k (s e e shipping and
r e c e iv in g c l e r k and p a c k e r , s h ip p in g ), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e
t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Available On Request—
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a l ly f o r u se in a d m in is t e r in g th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on the b a c k c o v e r .
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L
A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
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Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A tla n tic C it y , N .J.
A u g u sta , G a.— .C .
S
B a k e r s f i e ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B ea u m on t—P o r t A r t h u i^ O r a n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i—G u lfp o r t and
P a s ca g o u la , M is s .
B o i s e C it y , Id a h o
B r e m e r t o n , W a sh .
B r id g e p o r t , N orw a lk and S t a m fo r d , C onn.
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r lin g t o n , V t .—N .Y .
Cape C od, M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ig n — r b a n a , 111.
U
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C h a r lo t t e — a s t o n ia , N .C .
G
C h e y e n n e , W y o.
C l a r k s v il le —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n .-K y .
C o l o r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a.—A la .
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D es M o in e s , Io w a
D oth an , A la .
D uluth— u p e r io r , M in n .— is .
S
W
E l P a so, T ex.
E u g e n e — p r in g fie ld , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v il le , N .C .
F it c h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O kla.
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s to w n , M d .—C h a m b e r s b u r g ,
P a .—M a r t in s b u r g , W . V a .
G a d sd en —A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Isla n d — a s t in g s , N e b r.
H
G r e a t F a l l s , M ont.
G u am
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
H untington—A s h la n d , W . V a .— y .—O hio
K
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L ared o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L im a , O h io

C o p ie s o f p u b lic r e l e a s e s a re o r w il l b e a v a ila b le at n o c o s t w h ile s u p p lie s la s t f r o m any o f

L it t le R ock —N orth L ittle R o c k , A r k .
L o g an s p o rt— e r u , Ind.
P
L o r a in — l y r ia , O h io
E
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o r e , M d.— a .—D el.
V
L y n c h b u rg , V a .
M a co n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a n s fie ld , O h io
M a rq u e tte , E s c a n a b a , Sault S te. M a r i e , M ich .
M c A lle n — h a r i^ E d in b u r g and B r o w n s v i ll e —
P
H a rlin g en —
San B e n it o , T e x .
M e d fo r d — la m ath F a lls —G ra n ts P a s s , O r e g .
K
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and O ce a n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile , A la . and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a sh v ille —D a v id so n , T e n n . _
N ew B ern —J a c k s o n v il le , N .C .
N orth D akota
N o r w ic h — ro to n —N ew L o n d o n , C on n .
G
O rla n d o , F la .
Q x n a r d -S im i V a lley ^ -V en tu ra , C a lif.
P a n a m a C ity , F la .
P e o r i a , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A rk .
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .—M ain e—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R e n o , N ev.
R ich la n d — en n ew ick — a lla W a lla —
K
W
P e n d le to n , W a sh .—O re g .
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o — n t a r io , C a lif.
O
S a lin a , K an s.
Sa n du sk y, O hio
Santa B a rb a ra ^ S a n ta M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h erm a n — e n is o n , T e x .
D
S h r e v e p o r t , L a.
S iou x F a l ls , S. Dak.
S pok an e, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld -C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s .—C on n .
S ta m fo rd , C onn.
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
V a l l e jo - F a i r fie ld — apa, C a lif.
N
W a c o and K ille e n —T e m p le , Te]|r
W a t e r lo o — e d a r F a l ls , Iow a
C
W e st T e x a s P la in s

R e p o r t s f o r the fo llo w in g s u r v e y s c o n d u c t e d in th e p r i o r y e a r but s in c e d is c o n t in u e d a r e a ls o a v a ila b le :
G ra n d F o r k s , N. Dak.
S a c r a m e n to , C a li f *
San A n g e lo , T e x * *
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—M d .*

A b ile n e , T e x .* *
B i ll in g s , M o n t.*
C o r p u s C h r is t i, T e x *
F r e s n o , C a li f.*
*
**

E x p a n d e d t o an a r e a w a g e s u r v e y in f i s c a l y e a r
In clu d e d in W e s t T e x a s P la in s .

1975.

S ee in s id e b a c k c o v e r .

T h e fo u r te e n th annual r e p o r t on s a la r i e s f o r a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d it o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n tfu it s , a t to r n e y s , j o b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s , d r a f t e r s , and
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s i s a v a ila b le . O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1837, N a tion a l S u rv e y o f P r o f e s s io n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 4 , $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a le s
o f f i c e s sh ow n on th e b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f f i c e , W a sh in g ton , D .C . 204 02 .




Area Wage Surveys
A li s t o f th e la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle t in s o r b u lle tin su p p le m e n ts is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d ire c to ry o f
S ta n d a rd s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.
B u lle t in s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d
o b ta in e d w ith ou t c o s t , w h e r e in d ic a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 4 _____________________ _____ __________ _________ ___ ___ ____ ____ ______S u pp l.
F ree
A lb a n y H S ch en ecta d y ^ -T roy , N .Y . , S e p t. 1974_________ _________ ____________________ ______S upp l.
F ree
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x ., M a r . 1974 2___ ___ ______________ _ ___ _____________ ___________ ____ S u pp l.
F ree
A lle n to w n — e th le h e m —E a s t o n , P a .—N. J . , M a y 1974 2 — __ _______________________ . ______S uppl.
B
F ree
A n a h e im —
Santa Ana— a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O ct. 1974 1_________ _______________________ 1 8 5 0 -9 ,
G
85 ce n ts
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1975 1_____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 5 , $ 1 .0 0
A u s tin , T e x . , D e c . 1974_____________ _____________________ . ______. _______________________ . . . S u p p l .
F ree
B a lt i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1974_____ _ ________________________________ __________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
B e a u m o n t— o r t A r th u i^ -O ra n g e , T e x . , M a y 1974 2 __ ___________ ______________ . ________ S upp l.
P
F ree
B i ll in g s , M o n t ., J u ly 1 97 5 ------ ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 6 , 65 c e n ts
B in g h a m to n , N .Y .—P a . , J u ly 1975------ ------------------------------------ -------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -5 0 , 65 ce n ts
B ir m in g h a m , A l a ., M a r . 1975_____________________________________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
B o i s e C it y , I d a h o , N o v . 1973 2 ____ ______ __________________. . . . ____________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
B o s t o n , M a s s ., A u g . 1975 1
__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 8 , $ 1 .0 5
F ree
B u f fa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 4 _____________________ ____________________________________________ __ S u pp l.
B u r lin g t o n , V t . , D e c . 1973 2 ____________________ . . . ______________ __________ . . . . __ ________ _ S u pp l.
F ree
C a n to n , O h io , M ay 1 97 5 ___ _ __ _ ____________________________— ------- ------------------------------- S upp l.
_
_
F ree
F ree
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 4 2 _____________ ____ ________. . . _____________________________ _ S u pp l.
C h a r lo t t e , N .C ., J an . 1974 2 ___ __ ________________________ _____ __________________ _____ ___ S upp l.
F ree
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S ep t.
1 9 7 4 ___ _________________________________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1975______ - ___________ —-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 3 , 85 c e n ts
C in c in n a t i, O h io — y .— n d ., F e b . 1 9 7 5 ______________________________ -______________________ S u pp l.
K
I
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t. 1974 1_______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 7 , $ 1 .0 0
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1974
___________________________________ __________________________ . S u p p l .
F ree
C o r p u s C h r is t i , T e x . , J u ly 1 975------ -------------------------------------—_____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 7 , 65 c e n ts
D a l la s , T e x . , O ct. 1973 2 _____ . . . . ________________________ -______ —___________________ —____ S u pp l.
F ree
1975 1--------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------- 1 8 5 0 -5 9 , $ 1 .5 0
D a lla s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O ct.
D a v e n p o r t -R o c k I s la n d — o l in e ,Iow a—111., F e b . 1975----------------------- ------------------------------- Suppl.
M
F ree
D a y to n , O h io , D e c . 1974 1 _____________________________________ - ___ -_______________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 4 , 80 ce n ts
D a y ton a B e a c h , F l a . , A ug. 1975____ ______________________________________________________ - 1 8 5 0 -4 7 , 65 ce n ts
F ree
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1973 2__ _______ - ________________________ _____ _________________________ S upp l.
D e n v e r B o u ld e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1974 1______________________________ __ _____________________ _ 1 8 5 0 -1 5 , 85 c e n ts
D es M o in e s , Iow a ,. M a y 1974 2 ____ ___ __________________________ ______________ ____________ S upp l.
F ree
D e t r o it , M i c h ., M a r . 1 97 5 __________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 2 , 85 c e n t s
D u rh a m , N .C ., D e c . 1973 2 ____ -_______ - ___________________________- __________ ___________ — 1 7 9 5 -9 ,
65 c e n ts
F o r t L a u d e r d a le —H o lly w o o d and W e s t P a l m B e a c h — o c a R a t o n , F la ., A p r . 1975 1._. 1 8 5 0 -2 6 , 80 c e n t s
B
F o r t W o r t h , T e x ., O ct. 1973 2 _______________________________________ ______________________ S upp l.
F ree
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1975 1 -----------------------—------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -6 1 , $ 1 .2 0
G a i n e s v il le , F la ., S ep t. 1975_______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 7 , $ 1 .1 0
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u ly 1975 1----------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -4 4 , 80 ce n ts
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n -S a le m — ig h P o in t , N . C ., A u g . 1975----------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 9 , 65 ce n ts
H
G r e e n v il le , S .C ., J une 1 975— —----------------------------------------------- ----- ------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 2 , 65 c e n t s
H a r t f o r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1975 1 ___ _ ____ ________________________ . . ________________ ________ 1 8 5 0 -2 8 , 80 ce n ts
_
H o u s to n , T e x . , A p r . 1975____________ . __________- ___________ - _____ -________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
H u n t s v ille , A l a ., F e b . 1 9 7 5 ______ _________________ — _____ ____ ___ ____________________ _____ S upp l.
F ree
I n d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1974____ ____ ....._________________ ______ ____________________________ S upp l.
F ree
F ree
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 7 5 -——------- ------- —-------------------------------- — ---------------------------------— Suppl.
J a c k s o n v il le , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 4 ___ ____________________________ _____ _____________________ ___ S upp l.
F ree
K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , S ep t. 1 975_______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 5 , 80 ce n ts
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June
1974 2________________ __ ______________________ S upp l.
F ree
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y ., N ov . 1 9 7 4 ____________________________ ____ -______________________S upp l.
F ree
L ittle R o c k —N orth L it t le R o c k , A r k ., J u ly 1973 2 ________ _______________________________S u p p l.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O ct. 1974________________ _____ _______________________. S u p p l .
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h and A n a h eim —S anta Ana— a r d e n
G
G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1973 2 ____________________ —___________ —-------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— d ., N ov . 1974 1 _______________________ ___ __________________________ __— 1 8 5 0 -1 2 , 80 ce n ts
In
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2 _________________________________________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1973 2
_______ — __________ —______ ____ - ____________________ S upp l.
F ree
M e lb o u r n e — it u s v i ll e —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1975------ ---------- —— ____ ______________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 4 , 65 c e n t s
T
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices ^nd supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e lim it e d s tu d ie s co n d u c t e d at th e r e q u e s t o f the E m p lo y m e n t
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s show n on the b a c k c o v e r .
B u lle tin su p p le m e n ts m a y be

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e *

M e m p h is , T e n n .—A r k .— i s s . , N ov . 1 9 7 4 —
M
---------- —--------- ----------------- -------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
M ia m i, F l a . , O ct. 1974_______________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , J an. 1974 2
----------------- — — — ------------------------------------------ Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r. 1975 1 ------------------ ---------- ---------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -2 1 , 85 ce n ts
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n .— i s . , Jan. 1975 1------------------------------------ ---------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -2 0 , $ 1.05
W
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e ig h ts , M i c h ., June 1974 2 ------ ---------— --------------------------------------- Suppl.
M
F ree
N a ss a u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1975 1 — —
S
------ —----------------------------------- --------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 9 , $ 1 .0 0
N e w a rk , N .J ., J an. 1975 1 -------------------------------- —-------------------------------------------------------- -------- 1 8 5 0 -1 8 , $ 1.00
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C it y , N .J .. J an. 1 9 7 4 2 — ---------------------------------------------------------------------S uppl.
F ree
N ew H a v en , C o n n ., J an . 1974 ----------------- --------------------- ---------- —
--------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
N ew O r l e a n s , L a ., J an. 1 9 7 5 -------------------- ----------------------------------------- --------------------------------- Suppl.
F re e
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .- T L J ., M a y 1975 1--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 5 , $ 1 .1 0
N ew Y o r k and N a ss a u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., A p r. 1974 2 ---------------------------— ----------------------------- Suppl.
S
F ree
N o r fo lk —V i r g in i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .~ N .C ., M a y 1 97 5 ------------------------------------------- 1 85 0-29 * 65 ce n ts
N o r fo lk —V i r g in i a B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N ew s P
H a m p ton , V a ., M a y 1975 -------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- -------------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 0 , 65 ce n ts
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A ug. 1975------ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -5 2 , 65 ce n ts
O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., A ug. 1975------ ----------— ------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -5 1 , 65 ce n ts
O m a h a , N e b r .— w a , O ct. 1975----------------------------------------------------------------------— ------------------ 1 8 5 0 -5 6 , $ 1 .1 0
Io
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n — a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1975 1 --------------------------------- ----— -- --------. ------------ 1 8 5 0 -3 8 , 80 ce n ts
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov . 1 9 7 4 ___________ - _____________________ — ____________________ Suppl.
F ree
P h o e n ix , A r i z ., June 1974 2_____—------------------------------- ------------------------- —------ —------------------ Suppl.
F ree
P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J an. 19 7 5 ___________ —--------------------------- . ------------—-----— —------------------------Suppl.
F ree
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N ov . 1974_________________________________________- — ______ ______________ Suppl.
F ree
P o r t la n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1975------ --------------------------—--------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 0 , 75 ce n ts
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . 1 3 ______________________ —---------------- —--------—----- — -------------------------------P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g sto n —N ew b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1974---------------------------—------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
W
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ic k —P a w t u c k e t , R .I.—M a s s ., J une 1975___________ —-------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -2 7 , 75 ce n ts
R a le ig h , N .C ., D e c . 1973 1 2 ________—---------- —------------------------------- — ------------- -------------------- 1 7 9 5 -7 ,
65 ce n ts
R a le ig h —D u rh a m , N .C ., F e b . 1 9 7 5 -------Suppl.
F ree
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1975------------------------ ---------- ------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -4 1 , 65 ce n ts
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o — n t a r io , C a li f ., D e c . 1973 2 _____
O
Suppl.
F ree
R o c k fo r d , 111., June 1 9 7 4 2 --- -- ----- ------------------------------------------------------------- _ ------------------------Suppl.
F ree
St. L o u is , M o .—
111., M a r . 1 9 7 5 --------------Suppl.
F ree
S a c r a m e n t o , C a li f ., D e c . 1974 1 ------------------ — -------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -1 9 , 80 ce n ts
S a g in a w , M i c h ., N ov . 1974 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -1 6 , 75 ce n ts
S a lt L ak e C ity — g d e n , U ta h , N o v . 1 9 7 4 --------------------------------- . ------------------------ -- -------------- Suppl.
O
F ree
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1975_______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 3 , 65 ce n ts
San D ie g o , C a li f ., N ov . 1974 1______. — ------------------------------------------ ------- . . . ________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 3 , 80 ce n ts
San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1975 1------------------------------------------------------------ ---------- 1 8 5 0 -3 5 , $ 1 .0 0
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1975 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -3 6 , 85 ce n ts
S a va nna h, G a ., M a y 1974 2 ----------------- --------------------------------------- ---------- ---------- ------------------- Suppl.
F ree
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u ly 1973 1 2 --------------------- --------------------------------------------------- -------------------------- 1 7 9 5 -3 , 55 ce n ts
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1 9 7 5 --------- —---------------------------- —------- . . . . ___________________ S upp l.
F ree
S iou x F a l l s , S. D a k ., D e c . 1973 2 —----------------------------------------------------- . . . . _________________Suppl.
F ree
South B e n d , In d ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 ---------- ---------. . . . . . . ------------------------ ---------------------- --------------------S uppl.
F ree
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., June 19 74 2 ___________________________________
. S u p p l.
F ree
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1975------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -4 3 , 65 ce n ts
T am p a—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1973 2 ____________________ __________ ______ ___________ Suppl.
F ree
M
T o le d o , O h io— i c h ., M a y 1975 1--------------------------------------------------------------------- ------ -------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 4 , 80 n en ts
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S ep t. 1975 1_____________ ____ _______________________ ____ . . . . ________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 0 , $ 1 .2 0
W a s h in g to n , D .C .— d .—V a . , M a r . 1975 1 —_____________ . . . _______ -_____________ ______ ____ 1 8 5 0 -3 1 , $ 1 .0 0
M
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1974 2
. . . . _____________________ ____ ___ ___ ________________ Suppl.
F ree
W a t e r lo o , I o w a , N ov. 1973 1 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 7 9 5 -5 , 60 ce n ts
W e s t c h e s t e r C ou n ty , N .Y ., M a y 1975 1 _______________________ __________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 3 , 80 ce n ts
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1975____ ______ ______ ______ ___________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1---------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------- 1 8 5 0 -2 4 , 80 ce n ts
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1975 1 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 2 , 80 ce n ts
Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h io , N ov . 1973 2. . . . . . --------------------------------------------------- -----------------Suppl.
W
F ree

T H IR D CLASS M A IL

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

LAB - 441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
R e gion I

R e gion II

1603 J F K F e d e ra l B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
B o sto n , Mass. 0 2 2 0 3
P h o n e :2 23-6 76 1 (A re a C o d e 6 1 7)

S u ite 34 0 0
15 1 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 1 0 0 3 6
P h o n e :9 7 1 - 5 4 0 5 (A re a C o de 21 2)

C o n n e c tic u t
M a in e
M assachusetts
N e w H a m p sh ire
R h o d e Isla n d
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N e w Y o rk
P u e rto R ic o
V ir g in Island s

R e gion V
9 th F lo o r, 2 30 S. D e a rb o rn St.
C h icago, III. 606 04
P h o n e :3 53-1 88 0 (A re a C o de 3 1 2 )
Illin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O h io
for FRASER
W iscon sin

Digitized


R e g io n V I
S e c o n d F lo o r
55 5 G r i f f in S q uare B u ild in g
D allas, T e x . 752 02
P h o n e : 7 49-351 6 (A re a C o d e 2 1 4 )

R e g io n I II

R e g io n IV

P.O. B o x 13 309
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 19101
P h o n e : 5 9 6 1 1 5 4 (A re a C o de 2 1 5 )
D e la w a re
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V irg in ia
W est V irg in ia

R e gion s V I I a no V I I I
F e a e ra l O ffic e B u ild in g
911 W a ln u t S L , 15 th F lo o r
Kansas C ity , M o. 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e :3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A re a C o de 816 )

S u ite 540
1371 P eachtree St. N .E.
A tla n ta , Ga. 303 09
P h o n e :5 26-541 8 (A re a C ode 4 0 4 )
A la b a m a
F lo rid a
G eorgia
K e n tu c k y
M ississippi
N o rth C a ro lin a
S o u th C a ro lin a
T ennessee
R egions IX a n d X
45 0 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
B ox 36017
San F ra n c is c o , C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o de 41 5 )

V II
L o u is ia n a
Jew M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
Texa s

V III

IX

X

Io w a
Kansas
M is s o u ri
N e bra ska

C o lo ra d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

A riz o n a
C a lifo rn ia
H a w a ii
Nevada

A laska
Id a h o
O reg on
W a s h in g to n

ll.S.M AIL