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AREA WAGE SURVEY
Fort Worth, Texas, Metropolitan Area,
October 1972
Bulletin 1775-24




U S. DEPAR TMEN T OF LABOR
____ Bureau of Labor Statistics




P reface
This bulletin provides results of an October 1972 survey of occupational
earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the Fort Worth, Texas, Standard
Metropolitan Statistical Area (Johnson and Tarrant Counties). The survey was
made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey program.
The program is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan areas, as well
as national and regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan A reas in the
United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii, (as defined by the U.S. Office of
Management and Budget through November 1971).
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to
describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through
the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the
movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program de­
velops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary
administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location.
Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor to make wage
determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 96 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on
inside back cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected
annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage bene­
fits, collected every second year in the past, is now obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed,
two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each
metropolitan area surveyed. The second summary bulletin presents national and
regional estim ates, projected from individual metropolitan area data.
The Fort Worth survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office
in Dallas, T ex., under the general direction of Boyd B. O'Neal, Assistant Regional
Director for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without
the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis
for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express
sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B ulletin 1775-24
F e bruary 19 73

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Fort Worth, Texas, Metropolitan Area, October 1972
CONTENTS
Page

2 Introduction
6 Wage trends for selected occupational groups

Tables:
5
7

1.
2,

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of change for selected periods

A.

Occupational earnings:
A -l.
Office occupations: Weekly earnings
A -2 .
Professional and technical occupations: Weekly earnings
A -3 .
O ffice, professional, and technical occupations: A verage weekly earnings, by sex
A -4 .
Maintenance and powerplant occupations: Hourly earnings
A -5 .
Custodial and m aterial movement occupations: Hourly earnings
A -6 .
Maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and m aterial handling occupations:
A verage hourly earnings, by sex

B.

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for women officeworkers
B -2 .
Shift differentials
B -3 .
Scheduled weekly hours and days
B -4 .
Annual paid holidays
B -4 a . Identification of m ajor paid holidays
B -5 .
Paid vacations
B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension plans

8
10
11
12

13
15

16
17
18
19
20
21

23

25 Appendix.

Occupational descriptions




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402

1

In tro d u c tio n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h ich the U.S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r 's
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s co n d u cts s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s
and r e la te d b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s i s . 1 In this a r e a , data w e re
ob ta in ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n t a ­
tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ithin six b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g;
tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le
tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ies a re g o v e rn m e n t
o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h ­
m en ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a re o m itte d
b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied . S ep a ­
rate tabu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d fo r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s
w hich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .

the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the occu p a tio n
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th ere
is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. E a rn in gs
data not show n s e p a r a te ly fo r in d u stry d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d data, w h ere show n. L ik e w is e , data a re in clu d ed
in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n when a s u b c la s s ific a t io n o f e le c t r o n ic s
te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not show n o r in fo rm a tio n
to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a re show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sc h e d u le .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on
w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . N on p rod u ction b on u ses a r e e x ­
clu d ed , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n ce s and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in ­
c lu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h ou rs a re r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is to the stan dard w ork w eek (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t
h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at re g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m
r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s f o r th e se o c c u p a tio n s a re roun ded
to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e se s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cte d on a sa m p le b a s is . The s a m ­
plin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a tific a tio n o f a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ithin the s c o p e o f an in d iv id u al a r e a su r v e y by in d u stry and n u m ber
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s tr a tifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ility sa m p le is
s e le c t e d , w ith ea ch e sta b lis h m e n t having a p r e d e te r m in e d ch a n ce o f
s e le c t io n . T o obtain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r
p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d . When data
a r e c o m b in e d , ea ch esta b lis h m e n t is w eigh ted a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a ­
b ilit y o f s e le c t io n , s o that u n b ia sed e s t im a te s a r e g e n e r a te d . F o r e x ­
a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e sta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d , it is g iv en a
w eigh t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t it s e lf plu s th r e e o th e r s . An a ltern a te o f the
sa m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is c h o s e n in the sa m e in d u s t r y -s iz e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le fo r the o r ig in a l sa m p le m e m b e r .
If
no su ita b le su bstitu te is a v a ila b le , a d d ition a l w eigh t is a s s ig n e d to a
sa m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the le v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l ea rn in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r tim e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in div idu al o c cu p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e fle c t e x p e cte d w age c h a n g e s . The a v e r ­
a g e s fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c te d by ch a n g es in w a g e s and e m p lo y ­
m en t p a tte r n s.
F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by
h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y change o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n ce to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such sh ifts in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e
ev en though m o s t e sta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a in c r e a s e w ag es du ring
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a rn in g s o f o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , show n in ta b le 2,
a r e b e tte r in d ic a t o r s o f w age tr e n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ithin the
grou p s.

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in gs
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in te n a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t. O cc u p a tio n a l c la s s ifi c a t io n is b a se d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a cco u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b . The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re
lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in the a p pen dix. U n less o th e r w is e in d ic a te d , the
ea rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b title s a r e fo r all in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in g s data fo r s o m e o f the o c cu p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r
fo r so m e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ithin o c c u p a t io n s , a re not p r e s e n te d in
1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C. ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y . ; Rochester, N .Y . (office occupations only); Syracuse, N .Y . ; and Utica—Rome, N.Y.
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
o f the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s t im a te s . In­
d u s t r ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b sta ffin g , and
thus c o n trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s fo r ea ch jo b . P ay a v e r ­
a g es m a y fa il to r e fle c t a c c u r a t e ly the w age d iffe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in
in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
A v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c t e d o c c u p a ­
tio n s sh ou ld not be a s s u m e d to r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s
w ithin in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w hich m a y con trib u te to
d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s ta b lis h e d rate r a n g e s , sin c e
areas o n ly the r a te s p a id in cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c d u ties w ithin the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n s . Job d e s c r i p ­
tio n s u se d to c la s s if y e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s u su a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u sed in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r
m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d .

2

3
O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in all
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber a ctu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u se o c cu p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am ong esta b lis h m e n ts
d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f occu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed fr o m the sa m p le
o f e sta b lis h m e n ts studied s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te the r e la tiv e im p o r ­
ta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied. T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re
do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f the ea rn in g s data.

E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In form a tion is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e le c t e d
esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s fo r p la n tw o r k e r s and o ffic e w o r k e r s . Data fo r in d u stry d iv is io n s not p r e s e n te d
s e p a r a te ly a r e in clu d ed in the e s tim a te s fo r "a ll in d u s t r ie s ." A d m in ­
is t r a t iv e , e x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s tr u c tio n
w o r k e r s who a r e u tiliz e d as a se p a r a te w ork f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k ­
e r s (in clu d in g lea d m en and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n c ­
tio n s .
" O ffic e w o r k e r s " in clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r ­
v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n c tio n s.
C a fe te r ia
w o r k e r s and rou tem en a r e e x clu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but
in clu d ed in n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s
on ly to the e sta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
(See ta ble B - l . )
B ecau se
op tim u m sa m p lin g tech n iq u es u sed and the p r o b a b ility that la r g e
lis h m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts to h ave
en tra n ce ra te s ab ove the s u b c le r ic a l le v e l, the ta ble is m o r e
sen ta tiv e o f p o lic ie s in m e d iu m and la r g e e sta b lis h m e n ts .

rela te
o f the
estab­
fo r m a l
rep re­

Shift d iffe r e n tia l data a re lim ite d to p la n tw o r k e r s in m a n u ­
fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . (See ta b le B - 2 .) T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e se n te d
in te r m s o f (1) esta b lis h m e n t p o lic y
fo r tota l p la n tw o rk e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (2) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e fo r w o r k e r s a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the
s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e sta b lis h m e n ts having
v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount a p plyin g to a m a jo r it y is u sed ; if no
am ount a p p lie s to a m a jo r ity , the c la s s ific a t io n " o t h e r " is u se d . In e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts having so m e la t e -s h ift h o u rs p a id at n o rm a l r a te s , a d i f ­
fe r e n c e is r e c o r d e d on ly i f it a p p lie s to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s .
The sch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs and days o f a m a jo r it y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t a re ta bu la ted as applying to
a ll o f the p la n tw o r k e r s o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e sta b lis h m e n t. (See
ta b le B - 3 .) S ch edu led w eek ly h o u rs and days a r e th o se w hich a m a ­
jo r it y o f fu ll-t im e e m p lo y e e s a r e e x p e cte d to w o rk , w h eth er they a re
paid s t r a ig h t -tim e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .
2
An establishment is considered as having a policy if it met
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal
shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1)
during the 12 months before the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form




P a id h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n ­
sion plans a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th e se are a p p li­
ca b le to a ll p la n tw o r k e r s o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k ­
e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d .
(See ta b le s B - 4 th rou gh B - 6 .) Sum s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in ta b les B -2
th rou gh B -6 m a y not equ al to ta ls b e c a u s e o f roun din g.
D ata on paid h olid a y s a re lim ite d to h olid a y s granted annu­
a lly on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v id e d fo r in w ritten fo r m , o r
(2) a re e s ta b lis h e d by c u s to m . (See ta b le B - 4 .) H olid a y s o r d in a r ily
gra n ted a r e in clu d ed ev en though they m a y fa ll on a n onw orkd ay and
the w o r k e r is not g ra n ted an oth er day o ff. The fir s t p a rt o f the paid
h o lid a y s ta ble p r e s e n ts the n u m ber o f w hole and h a lf h o lid a y s actu ally
g ra n ted .
The se c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf h olid a y s to show
tota l h o lid a y t i m e . T a b le B -4 a r e p o r ts the in c id e n c e o f the m o s t
c o m m o n pa id h o lid a y s .
T he su m m a r y o f v a ca tio n plans is a s t a tis tic a l m e a s u re o f
v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s ra th e r than a m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o rk e r s
a ctu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits . (See ta ble B -5 .) P r o v is io n s apply
to a ll p la n tw o r k e r s o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an esta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s
o f length o f s e r v ic e . P a y m en ts on oth er than a tim e b a s is are c o n ­
v e r t e d to a tim e p e r io d ; fo r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual earn in g s
a r e c o n s id e r e d eq u iv a len t to 1 w e e k s ' pay. O nly b a s ic plans are in ­
clu d e d . E s tim a te s e x clu d e v a ca tio n b o n u s e s , v a c a tio n -s a v in g s p la n s,
and "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b eyon d b a s ic pla n s.
Such
p r o v is io n s a r e ty p ic a l in the s t e e l, alu m in u m , and can in d u str ie s .
H ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans fo r w hich the e m p lo y e r
pa ys at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t in clu d e th o se (1) u n d erw ritten by a
c o m m e r c i a l in su r a n ce c om p a n y o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n , (2) p r o v id e d
th rough a union fund, o r (3) paid d ir e c t ly by the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r ­
rent o p e ra tin g funds o r fr o m a fund set a sid e fo r th is p u rp o s e . (See
ta b le B -6 .) An e sta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to have su ch a plan if the
m a jo r it y o f e m p lo y e e s a re c o v e r e d u nder the plan even if le s s than a
m a jo r it y e le c t to p a rticip a te b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s a r e r e q u ir e d to c o n ­
trib u te tow a rd the c o s t o f the pla n .
E x clu d ed a r e le g a lly re q u ire d
p la n s, su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d
r e tir e m e n t.
S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
su ra n ce u n der w hich p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh p a ym en ts a r e m ade d ir e c tly
to the in s u r e d du rin g te m p o r a r y illn e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ility . I n fo r ­
m a tion is p r e s e n te d fo r all such plans to w hich the e m p lo y e r c o n ­
tr ib u te s . H o w e v e r, in New Y ork and New J e r s e y , w hich have en acted
te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in su r a n ce law s re q u irin g e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,3
plans a re in clu d ed on ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) co n trib u te s m o r e than is
le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e with b en efits w hich e x ­
c e e d the r e q u ire m e n ts o f the law . T a b u la tion s o f paid s ic k lea ve plans

either of the following condi­
provisions covering late
had operated late shifts
3
for operating late shifts.
contributions.

The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer

4
a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 4 w hich p r o v id e fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f
the w o r k e r 's pay du ring a b s e n ce fr o m w ork b e c a u s e o f illn e s s . S ep a­
ra te ta bu la tion s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to (1) plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll
pay and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) pla n s w h ich p r o v id e e ith e r p a rtia l
pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d . In ad dition to the p re se n ta tio n o f p r o p o r t io n s
o f w o r k e r s p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce o r p a id s ick
le a v e , an u n du plica ted tota l is show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith er
o r both ty p es o f b e n e fits .

the end o f the d is a b ilit y , a m a x im u m a g e, o r e lig ib ilit y fo r r e t i r e ­
m en t b e n e fits . F u ll o r p a r tia l paym en ts a r e a lm o s t alw a ys r e d u c e d by
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , w o r k m e n 's co m p e n sa tio n , and p r iv a te p e n sio n b e n e fits
p a y a b le to the d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

M a jo r m e d ic a l in su r a n ce plan s p r o t e c t e m p lo y e e s fr o m s i c k ­
n e s s and in ju ry e x p e n s e s beyon d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s ic h o s p ita liz a tio n ,
m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s . T y p ic a l fe a tu r e s o f m a jo r m e d ic a l plans
a re (1) a " d e d u c tib le " (e .g ., $ 5 0 ) pa id b y the in s u r e d b e fo r e b e n e fits
L o n g -t e r m d is a b ilit y in su r a n ce pla n s p r o v id e p a ym en ts to
b eg in ; (2) a c o in s u r a n c e fe a tu re r e q u irin g the in s u r e d to pay a p o r tio n
to ta lly d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the e x p ir a tio n o f th e ir paid s ic k le a v e
( e .g ., 20 p e r c e n t) o f c e r t a in e x p e n s e s ; and (3) stated d o lla r m a x im u m
a n d /o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a fter a p r e d e te r m in e d
b e n e fits (e .g ., $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 a y e a r ). M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le te
p e r io d o f d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m o n th s).
P ay m en ts a r e m a d e until
o r p a rtia l pa ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . D ental in s u r a n ce u su a lly c o v e r s
fillin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s . E x clu d e d a r e pla n s w h ich c o v e r on ly
4
An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum
o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e. R e tir e m e n t p e n sio n pla n s p r o v id e
number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be written, but
p a ym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's life .
informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




5

T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r s tu d ie d in F o rt W o r th , T e x .,1 by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 O c t o b e r 1 9 7 2
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts

N um ber o f esta b lish m e n ts

Industry d iv isio n

M in im um
em p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

W ithin s c o p e o f study
W ithin s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

Plant
N um ber

A ll d iv is io n s ----------------------------------------------------M anufacturin g----------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g---------------------------------------------------T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5________________________
W h olesa le t r a d e ________________________________
R eta il tr a d e --------------------------------------------------------F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e _________
S e r v ic e s 8________________________________________

_

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

559

139

116, 821

100

7 4 ,4 9 4

19,1 6 4

6 8 .9 5 2

50
-

225
334

49
90

5 8 ,2 7 1
58, 550

50
50

3 8 ,3 1 6
36,1 7 8

6 ,9 9 2
12, 172

36, 183
32,769

50
50
50
50
50

40
60
125
48
61

17
13
26
13

12,287
5, 901
27,5 5 1
6 ,6 1 4
6, 197

1
1

7, 620

21

5
23

(?)

2, 013
(‘ )

6

< >

< )

5

(‘ )

9, 410
1,637
15,649
3, 065
3 ,0 0 8

(‘ )

O

(

>

1 The F o r t W orth Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a , as d efin ed b y the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget through N o v e m b e r 1971, c o n s is t s o f John son and T a rra n t C ou n ties. The
"w o r k e r s within s c o p e o f stu dy" e s tim a te s show n in this table p ro v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
The estim a te s
a r e not in ten ded, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is - o f c o m p a r is o n w ith other e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tren ds o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age su rv ey s r e q u ir e s
the use o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rv ey .
2 The 1967 ed ition o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u s try d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tra d e, fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu re th ea te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s e x clu d e d fr o m the se p a ra te plant and o ffic e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s ta b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n s p o rta tio n w e re e x clu d ed .
6 This in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S eparate p resen tation
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sam ple was
not d es ig n e d In itia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e was in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual
es ta b lis h m en t data.
7 W ork ers fr o m this e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l esta te p ortion on ly in
e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s ” in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
S epa ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s given in footn ote 6 a b ov e.
8 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th er p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and park in g; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (exclu d in g
r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e

In d u stria l c o m p o s it io n in m an u factu rin g
O v er o n e -h a lf o f the w o r k e r s within s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the F o r t W orth a r e a
w ere em p lo y e d in m an u factu rin g f ir m s .
Th e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s the m a jo r in du stry gro u p s
and s p e c i fi c in d u stries as a p e r c e n t nf a ll m an u factu rin g:
In du stry grou p s
T r a n sp o rta tio n e q u ip m e n t_____ 52
F ood -a n d k in d re d p r o d u c t s _____ 8
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e le c t r ic a l— 7
F a b r ic a te d m eta l p r o d u c t s _____ 6

S p e c ific in d u s trie s
A i r c r a f t and p a r ts _______________41
M o to r v e h ic le s and
e q u ip m e n t ______________________ 8

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f total e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m a y
d iffe r fr o m p ro p o r tio n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y as shown in table 1 a b o v e .




The fo llo w in g tabulation show s the p e r c e n t o f p la n tw ork ers and o ffic e w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich a c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c ts c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the w o rk e rs
in the r e s p e c t iv e c a t e g o r ie s , F o r t W orth, T e x ., O cto b e r 1972:
P la n tw o rk e rs
A l l in d u s tr ie s _______________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t i li t ie s ______________________

44
65
58

O ffic e w o r k e r s
22
40
50

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to have a c o n t r a c t c o v e r in g a ll p la n tw ork ers o r
o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d b y a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g reem en t.
T h e r e fo r e , a ll o th e r p la n tw o rk e rs o r o ffic e w o r k e r s a r e em p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts that
e ith e r d o not have la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c ts in e ffe c t , o r have c o n t r a c ts that a p p ly to
fe w e r than h alf o f th e ir p la n tw o rk ers o r o f fic e w o r k e r s . E s tim a te s a r e not n e c e s s a r ily
r e p r e s e n ta tiv e o f the extent to w h ich a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d by the p r o ­
v is io n s o f la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts , b e c a u s e sm a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed and
the in d u s tr ia l s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is lim ite d .

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ts o f change in
a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d p la n tw ork er g ro u p s.
T h e in d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g es at a g iv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g es du ring the b a s e p e r io d .
S u btractin g 100 fr o m the
in d ex y ie ld s the p e r c e n t change in w a g e s fr o m the b a s e p e r io d to the
date o f the in dex. T he p e r c e n ts o f change o r in c r e a s e re la te to w age
ch a n g es b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d d a tes. Annual r a te s o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
show n, r e fle c t the am ount o f in c r e a s e f o r 12 m on th s w hen the tim e
p e r io d betw een s u r v e y s w a s oth e r than 12 m on th s.
T h ese com pu ­
ta tion s a re b a s e d on the a ssu m p tion that w a g es in cr e a s e d ' at a con stan t
rate betw een s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s tim a te s a re m e a s u r e s o f change in
a v e r a g e s fo r the a r e a ; th ey a r e not in ten ded to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay
ch a n g es in the e sta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .

T he in d ex is a m e a s u r e o f w a g es at a g iv e n tim e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in the b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s ig n e d the v alu e o f 100 p e r c e n t. The in d ex is c o m p u te d b y m u lt i­
p ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100 p e r c e n t) b y the r e la t iv e (the p e r c e n t
ch an ge p lu s 100 p e r c e n t) fo r the next s u c c e e d in g y e a r and then c o n ­
tinuing to m u ltip ly (com p ou n d ) ea ch y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y the p r e v io u s
y e a r 's in dex.
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the w age
tre n d s re la te to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r the n o r m a l w ork w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f ea rn in g s f o r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n tw o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey
m e a s u r e ch a n g es in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g
p r e m iu m pa y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te sh ifts.
T he p e r c e n ts a r e b a s e d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c c u ­
p a tion s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ith in
e a ch g rou p .

M eth od o f C om putin g
E a ch o f the fo llo w in g k e y o c cu p a tio n s w ithin an o c cu p a tio n a l
g rou p is a s s ig n e d a con sta n t w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m ­
p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p :
O ffice clerical (men and
women):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (o ffice boys or
girls)

O ffice clerical (men and
wom en)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L im ita tio n s o f Data
T h e in d ex es and p e r c e n ts o f c h a n g e, as m e a s u r e s o f change
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n ce d b y :
( l ) G e n e r a l s a la r y and w ag e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pa y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l
w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b , and (3) ch a n g es in a v e r a g e w a g es due
to ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e re su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p lo y e d b y e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t p a y le v e ls . C h an ges in
the la b o r f o r c e can c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s w ithout a ctu a l w ag e ch a n g es.
It is c o n c e iv a b le that even
though a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a gav e w age in c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h ave d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n ts e n te re d
the a r e a o r expan ded th e ir w o rk f o r c e s . S im ila r ly , w a g e s m a y h ave
re m a in e d r e la t iv e ly con sta n t, y et a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a m a y have r is e n
c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n ts e n te re d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e u se o f con sta n t em p lo y m e n t w eig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n ts o f ch a n ge r e fle c t on ly ch a n g es in
a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n ce d b y
ch a n g es in sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as su ch , o r b y p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .
W h e re n e c e s s a r y , data a r e a d ju sted to r e m o v e fr o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n ts o f change any s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u s e d b y
ch a n g es in the s c o p e o f the su r v e y .

T he a v e r a g e (m ean) e a rn in g s fo r ea ch o c cu p a tio n a r e m u lt i­
p lie d b y the o c cu p a tio n a l w eig h t, and the p r o d u c ts fo r a ll o c cu p a tio n s
in the g rou p a r e to ta le d . The a g g r e g a te s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s a re
r e la te d b y su b tra ctin g the a g g re g a te fo r the e a r lie r y e a r fr o m the
a g g re g a te fo r the la te r y e a r and d iv id in g the r e m a in d e r b y the a g g r e ­
gate fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt tim e s 100 sh ow s the p e r c e n t
o f ch a n ge.




6




7

T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in F o rt W o r th , T e x ., O c t o b e r 1971 an d O c t o b e r 1 9 7 2 ,
an d p e rc e n ts o f c h a n g e ' fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll in d u s tr ie s
W e e k ly e a rn in g s
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r i c a l
(m en and
w om en)

In d u stria l
n u rs e s
(m en and
w om en)

M an ufacturin g

H o u rly ea rn in gs
Skilled
m ain ten an ce
tra d e s
(m en)

U n sk illed
p lan tw ork ers
(m en)

W e e k ly ea rn in gs
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en)

H o u rly ea rn in gs

In d u stria l
nu rses
(m en and
w om en)

S killed
m ain ten an ce
tra d es
(m en)

U n sk illed
plan tw ork ers
(m en)

In d exes (N o v e m b e r 1967=100)

___
O rto h e r 1971
O cto b e r 1972.......................... ...........................................

122.5
123.0

137.0
143.4

127.6
134.1

120.9
133.7

(1 3
2)
(2 )

(2 )
(2 )

126.8
133.9

1.0

3.4
3.6

126.2
135.2

P e r c e n t s o f change 1
N o v e m b e r 1959 t o N o v e m b e r I960______________
N o v e m b e r I960 to N o v e m b e r 1961______________
N o v e m b e r 1961 t o N o v e m b e r 1962______________
N o v e m b e r 1962 t o N o v e m b e r 1963______________
N o v e m b e r 1963 to N o v e m b e r 1964______________
N o v e m b e r 1964 t o N o v e m b e r 1965 ____________
N o v e m b e r 1965 to N o v e m b e r 1966______________
N o v e m b e r 1966 t o N o v e m b e r 1967— ___________
N o v e m b e r 1967 t o N o v e m b e r 1968______________
N o v e m b e r 1968 t o O cto b e r 1969:
11-m o n th i n c r e a s e ___________ ___________ .
A n nual ra te o f in c r e a s e ___ ________________

4.3
3.6
3.0
4.1
4.3
2.4
4 .7

7.4

6.1

3.8
3.4
2.5
3.5
5.0
4 .0
3.6
5.6
4 .7

6.0
6.6

10.4
11.4

O c to b e r 1969 t o O c t o b e r 1970___________ _
.
O c to b e r 1970 t o O c t o b e r 1971 ___________ __
O c t o b e r 1971 t o O c to b e r 1972___________________

5.6
1.9
.4

4 .7

6.1

.5
3—.5
4.9
2.3
2.7
4 .0
5.5
5.6

7.5

8.8

0

3—.5
4 .8
2.3
3.1
3.4
6.7
5.5
4.8

2.1

3 1.0
—

3.7
3.4
6.4
7.0
7.8
9.2

6.5
3.8
3.2
(2 )
(2 )
(2 )
(2 )
(2 )
(2 )

3.2
4.6
3.9
3.7
4.9
4.4

2.9
3- . l

9.4

5.1
5.6

(2 )
(2 )

11.0
12.1

8.9
9.7

6.5
7.1

5.5
6.3
5.1

10.6

1.5
3.8

(2 )
(2 )
(2 )

7.3
(2 )
(2 )

5.5
5.7
5.6

4.3
4.2
7.1

8.6

1 A l l ch an ges a r e i n c r e a s e s u n le ss o th e rw is e in d ica te d .
2 Data d o not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .
3 T h is d e c lin e l a r g e ly r e fle c t s em p lo ym e n t ch an ges within and b etw een h ig h -

3.6

1.1

and lo w -w a g e

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

ra th e r than w age

3.9
4.0

6.8

5.0
5.8
9.0

decreases.

8

A. Occupational earnings
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings of w o rk e rs in s e le cte d occupations by industry d ivision , F ort W orth, T e x ., O ctober 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workere

Occupation and industry division

N um ber of w orkers re ceivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of —
*

Average
weekly
(standard'

*
60

Mean ^

Median ^

M iddle ranged

i

*
65

70

75

t
80

WOMEN

70

75

80

85

56

25

...

*

t

170

180

)
190

2uv

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

over

10

3

10

11

-

10

-

8

-

-

2

5

-

-

-

13

9

-

-

7

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

52
22

60
32

26

16

7

4
4

26

3
13

28
28

28

32
2B
4

57
39

30

7

21

13

6

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

97.00

101.50

86.00-108.00

2

3

5

1

-

13

-

40.0

87.00

85.00

82.50-

_

13

2

9

40.0

136.00
141.00
130.00

132.00
138.50
127.00

113.00-157.00

96*00
100*00
92.00

84.00-111.00
87.00-111.00
82.00-111.50

*
O

“

532

40.0

100.00
102.50
98.00
119.00

127.50

213

40.0
39.5

92.50

-

_

4

19

1

-

10
-

30
-

49
14

10

30

84.50-149.00

1

-

6
13

25
4
21

15
5
10

15
7
8

51
23
28

11
6
“

-

-

-

117.50-157.00
110.00-157.50

3

1

2

18
16

42
69

71
27
44

82
43
39

79
53
26

72
37

40
18

50
19

17
1

35

22

31

38
20
18

16

63
12
51

28
27
i

-

-

12

9

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

17

-

7

-

2
2

-

6

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

i

-

-

8

_

8

-

“

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
-

24

27
-

14

21

19

5

8
3

5

27

14

7
14

18
3

19

5

15

5

5

-

-

-

13

27

7

8

i

6

17

7

8

-

-

-

i

87

3

31
31

24

-

3
1

125
49

35

43
14
29

76

-

-

-

-

161.UU

CLASS

A

---------------- —

48

CLERKS,

FILE,

CLASS

B ---------------- —
------------------- —

68
45

40.0

90.00

84.50

80.50-

89.00

-

4

4

8

20

20

40.0

91.50

83.50

80.00-

88.00

-

-

4

7

17

11

---------------- —
------------------- —

245
201

40.0

73.00
73.50

70.0069.50-

79.00
79.50

13
7

50

96

15

48

68

33
33

26

40.0

75.50
76.00

20

13

2
2

----------------------------- —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------ —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------- —

251
39
212

40.0

112.50

108.50

-

-

3

4

14

5

32

40.0
40.0

110.00
113.00

107.50
109.50

96.00-124.50
90.00-123.00
96.00-127.00

-

-

3

3
I

3
11

1
4

1
31

25

3
21

27
12
15

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L -------------------------- —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------- —

148

40.0

113.00

109.50

97.00-127.00

-

-

7

17

6

26

8

74
74

40.0

112.50

108.50

114.00

112.50

94.50-119.00
101.00-129.50

-

40.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,
C L A S S A ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------- —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------- ---P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------- —

351
160

40.0
40.0

134.00
142.50

134.50
157.00

110.50-158.50
113.50-159.50

191

40.0

127.50

120.00

103.50-146.00

46

40.0

153.50

180.50

129.00-183.00

C

ORDER

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ------ M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------- —

418
75
343

o

FILE,

*
O

I ll

CLERKS,

39.5
40.0
39.5

96.00
96.00
96.00

96.50
96.00
96.50

86.50-104.50
89.50- 99.50

-

158
54
104

40.0

88.50

40.0

97.00

.._

1,350

40.0

131.00

590

40.0

142.50

150.50

39.5
40.0

122.00
149.00

118.00
151.50

105.50-136.00
129.00-164.50

--------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------ —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------- —
UTILITIES

----------------

See footnotes at end of tables.

124.00

78.5083.50-

93.00
99.00

_

-

2

7
4

14

6

8

5

11
8

1

3

-

5

3

3

-

18

3

3

11
2

-

_

.

3

9

19

25

-

7

2

22
3

20
1

73

-

1

2
7

33
5

-

3
-

27
16

16

-

21
14

8

-

1
-

12

7

7

16

19

19

14

“

“

-

1

“

11
4

28

-

23
4

1

2

5

5

25

9
-

45
9

55

77

21

28

28
49

22
-

26

11
44

51
10
41

1
25

1
1

21

26

-

-

7
-

-

-

18
18

-

5

7
18
24

9
16

2

-

75

27

7

30

61

15

7

24

14

12

24
6

6

6

8

*

6

92

105

103

123

156

105

2
57
7

43
49

26
79

40
63

23
100
9

39

48

18

117

57

62

5

5

12

23

-

2

-

110

59

18
37

-

2

-

134

55

28
30

2
-

-

82

58

6

-

47

3

4

-

129

13

-

24
24

-

7

-

1
1

-

18

12
12

1
1

2
2

4

4

3
-

32

-

10

22

6

15

-

108.00-155.50

36

1

10

39

-

1

-

38
4
34

_

2

3
-

113.00-168.00

760
89

SECRETARIES

84.50
90.50

_

-

1
-

86.00-107.00

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS)M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------ —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------




S
1*0

120

“

40.0
40.0

PUBLIC

150

115

*

T W 'W

NONMANUFACTURING

140

110

“

908
376

CLERKS,

130

105

$
$
96.00-126.50

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B ------ —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------ —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

CLASS

I

»
120

100

$
109.00

428
215

FILE,

H 5

95

$
115.50

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------ —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

CLERKS,

110

OPERATORS,

------------------------ —

NONMANUFACTURING

*

*
105

18

90

O

BILLERS, MACHINE
(BOOKKEEPING
M A C H I N E I ------------------------------------ —

MANUFACTURING

100

and

o

77

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

*
95

COMBINED

BILLERS, MACHINE
(BILLING
M A C H I N E 1 ------------------------------------ —

o

AND

i
90

and
under
65

MEN

*
85

_
80

9
T a b l e A - 1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s — C o n t i n u e d
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , F o r t W orth , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1972)

Num ber of w ork ers re ce iv in g stra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
Occupation and industry division

N u mb e r
of
wor kei s

s

Average
w e ek l y

60

h ou rs 1
Median 2

(standard)

M i d d l e r a ng ed

S

%

s
65

70

$
75

t

*
80

85

S

t
90

95

S

*
100

105

*
110

$
115

*
120

t
13 0

*
1AO

*
150

*
160

%

$

*
170

180

190

and
under
65

2 0 0

and
70

75

60

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

1A0

150

160

170

9

12

10

9

9

7

5

1

16

7

17

21

2

11

15

over

11

180

190

2 0 0

MEN AND WOMEN C O MB IN ED—
CONTINUED

SEC R ETA RIE S

-

SECRETARIES,

CO N TIN U ED
77

A O .O

$
1 A 0 .5 0

$
1 A 1 .5 0

$

------------------------------------

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 6 0 .5 0

-

-

-

1

-

1

----------------------------------------------

A2

A O .O

1 5 1 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0

1 A 1 .0 0 - 1 6 8 .5 0

“

-

-

1

-

1

3 0 9

A O .O

1 3 1 .5 0

1 2 6 .0 0

1 0 A .0 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0

•

-

10

-

_

1A

11

6

-

-

12

11

CLASS

A

$
-

-

-

-

13

s

8

13
N O N M AN U F AC T U R IN G

SE C R ETARIES,

CLASS

M AN U FACTU RIN G

A O .O

1 3 9 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 7 9 .5 0

180

3 9 .5

1 2 6 .0 0

1 2 A .0 0

1 0 6 . 0 0 - 1 A 3 .5 0

-

----------------------------------------

26

A O .O

I A 5 .0 0

1 5 7 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 7 6 .0 0

------------------------------------

AAA

A O .O

1 3 9 .5 0

1 3 9 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

_

8

-------------------------------------------------------

235

A O .O

1 5 0 .0 0

1 6 5 .0 0

1 2 A .0 0 -1 6 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

20 9

3 9 .5

1 2 7 .5 0

1 2 1 .5 0

1 1 0 . 5 0 - 1 A 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

SE C R ETARIES,

CLASS

M AN U FACTU RIN G

------------------------------------

-

N O N M A N U FACTU RIN G
PU BL IC

B

N ON M AN U FACTU RIN G

C

----------------------------------------------

129

1 3 2 .0 0

CLASS

M AN U FACTU RIN G

----------------------------------------------

GENERAL

N O N M A N U F AC T U R IN G
STENOGRAPHERS.

------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F AC T U R IN G
STENOGRAPHERS,

0

------------------------------------

*

“

8

27

”
12

2

12

7

16

2

*

31
19

20

7

”

*

1A

22
19

1
11

1A

3

-

1

6

8

8

A1

39

3

-

7

21

25
-

5

8

3A

18

25

12

5

6

“

1

1

1

1

A

I

A

AA

A7

32

33

15

3A

-

23

5

15

11

39

515

3 9 .5

1 2 2 .0 0

31

116

1A

22

10

13

12

10A

20

19

12

3

1 0 A .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

191

A O .O

1 3 8 .5 0

1 5 2 .0 0

1 0 8 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 1 2 .5 0

1 1 2 .5 0

A O .O

1 2 6 .0 0

1 3 3 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

1
-

16

6

*

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

381

-

1

"

19

6

30

1

_

65

-

6 0

2
15

1
-

15

6
6

-

-

3

6
6

9

3

-

13
A

39

2

39

C

10

72

-

-

8

2

65

-

-

-

17

8

7

“

*

2

“

*

3

175

_

2

1

_

_

*

“

2

1

*

8
8

2

117

-

1

-

1

-

1

-

1

25

38
12

19

1

15

•

26

26

26

A3

A7

50

52

3

27

22

31

19

13

A

26

18

32

62

A8

26

35

1

11

22

13

1 1 6 .0 0

32A

A

25

----------------------------------------------

186

A O .O

1 0 5 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0

9 3 .5 0 - 1 2 0 .5 0

-

1

-

6

2A

2

21

22

31

15

13

A

26

17

1

-----------------------------------------------------------------S
-------------------------------

291

A O .O

1 A 0 .5 0

1 3 2 .5 0

1 1 A . 0 0 —1 7 2 .0 0

-

-

_

-

-

-

18

8

20

12

19

26

37

12

11

119

A O .O

1 1 7 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

2

20

11

7

1A

25

6

5

9

4

8

4

SEN IOR

N O N M A N U F AC T U R IN G

A

“

18

“

1A 8 . 0 0 —1 6 A . 5 0

36

SE C R ETARIES,

-

“

i

39

A O .O

1 2 6 .5 0

1 2 A .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

*

“

-

“

*

*

“

2

2

7

i

1

*

SW ITCH BO ARD

OPERATORS,

CLASS

A

---------

A7

A O .O

1 3 1 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0

9 9 .0 0 —1 5 A .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

6

i

i

2

-

6

4

1

10

-

8

-

1

SW IT C H B O A R D

OPERATORS,

CLASS

B

------------

1A5

3 9 .5

9 0 .5 0

8 8 .0 0

7 A .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

*

8

29

16

10

10

16

15

6

16

2

5

1

_

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

----------------------------------------------

136

3 9 .5

9 0 .0 0

8 6 .0 0

7 A .0 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0

A

8

29

16

10

8

15

10

5

16

2

5

1

*

“

7

*

“

*

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S -

9 5 .5 0

9 3 .0 0

1
-

15

-

A6

39

29

27

9

10

18

-

_

_

_

_

_

15

-

-

-

-

“

"

*

P U B L IC

U T IL IT IE

N O N M A N U F AC T U R IN G

M AN U FACTU RIN G

235

3 9 .5

8 A .5 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0

-

-------------------------------------------------------

92

A O .O

9 5 .0 0

9 A .5 0

8 7 .0 0 - 1 0 6 .5 0

-

------------------------------------

1A3

3 9 .5

9 5 .5 0

9 1 .5 0

B A .0 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0

1

8 0 .5 0 - 1 0 0 .5 0

S W IT C H B O A R D

11

N O N M A N U F AC T U R IN G
TR A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

H A N v iA L lU K lN b

19

6

6

13A

A O .O

1 1 0 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0

9 6 .5 0 - 1 1 7 . 0 0

-

-

_

A1

A O .O

1 3 3 .5 0

1 A 1 .0 0

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 6 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

93

A O .O

1 0 0 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0

9 5 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0

“

"

--------------------------------------------

231

A O .O

8 5 .0 0

8 3 .5 0

7 3 .0 0 -

9 0 .5 0

11

35

21

------------------------------------

156

3 9 .5

B A .00

8 2 .0 0

6 9 .0 0 -

9 0 .5 0

11

35

11

73

T Y P IS T S ,

CLASS

CLASS

A

B

N O N M AN U F AC T U R IN G

7

6

-

1A

8

9

15

3

3

A

2

—

20

15

19

”

13

A

7

1A

A

17

26

25

8

15

15

W

11

A

13

8

-

*

”

OPERATORS,

“

-------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G — --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

T Y P IS T S ,

28

19

A6

-

See footnotes at end o f tables,




8 6 *0 0

-

3

8

2
28

3

A

10

8

16

50

39

13

2A

22

21

2

2
10

3

2

9

_

13

_

-

6

-

9

-

13

-

-

-

A

3

-

-

7
A

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

-

-

.

-

-

i

-

-

-

12

11

7

-

1A

-

_

~

-

1A

-

-

-

25

21

12

22

7

7

1

12

7

6

2

10
T a b l e A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings of w o rk e rs in se le cte d occupations by industry division , F o rt Worth, T e x ., O ctober 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workere

Occupation and industry division

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
80

Mean ^

(standard)

Middle ranged

Median ^

*

*

*

%

Average
weekly

90

100

s

*

110

120

$

130

$

$

140

150

170

$

$

*

%

160

180

190

S

200

*

S

210

220

$

230

$

240

*

250

S

260

«

270

and
under
90

280
and

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

20

260

16

270

280 over

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
$

$

$

$

40.0 168.50 174.00 154.00-182.50
J99*99

100
:

COMPUTER

6

6

1

^0 0 137 ~0 1^1*00
■ *□ •0

105*^0

16

f 99*99
1 0 2 . j\J

8

12

ro

.

2

,

15

*

1

*

PROGRAMERS.

COMPUTER

11

PROGRAMERS.

108

T?
96

113

SYSTEM S

278.50 278.50 254.00-304.00
•>in nn
->nl**n ?no nn
2 6*3

8

8
*

1

3
5

20
8

1
T2

1

8

8

8

14

5

15

ANALYSTS.

COMPUTER

40.0 304.00 311.50 278.00-334.00

11 n
rti

SYSTEM S

40.0 227.00 234.00 216.00-257.50
40.0 191.00 191.50

102

COMPUTER

40.0 237.00 237.00 218.00-260.00

ANALYSTS.

108
M AN U FACTU RIN O

63

40.0 171.00 170.50 1 6 2. 00 168.50
161.00-

NURSES.

T E C H N IC IA N S.

IN D U S T R IA L

CLASS

(R E G IST E RE D )

B-

11
}

174.50
173.50

40.0 194.50 210.00 149.00-219.50

26

40.0 188.50 184.00 173.00-216.50

1

32

-

-

1

8
29

30
-

18 **53

32

351

-

2

2

33

58

2

3

7

1

2

7

8

58

8

8
1

8

11

8

28

27

5

1

1

6
-

10

*74

16

17

3

40.0 196.50 202.-.0

209

3
3

12

3

i in nn
to*o 138*00 138*00

613
E LECTRONICS

11

3

3

15

24

5

2

-

-

-

i

'
* W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s:
** W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s:
See footnotes at end of tables.




19 at $ 280 to $ 300; 12 at $ 300 to $ 320; 22 at $ 320 to $ 340; 11 at $ 340 to $ 360; and 10 at $ 360 and over.
24 at $ 280 to $ 300; 18 at $ 300 to $ 320; and 11 at $ 320 and over.

11
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by sex

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1972)

Average

Average
of

Weekly
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - MEN

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

56
27

40.0 129.00
40.0 129.00

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

97
82

40.0 121.00
40.0 119.00

ME SSENGERS (OFFICE BOYSI ----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

102
80

40.0
39.5

85.00
85.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) —
SECRETARIES -------------------MA NUFACTURING -------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------

O
o
*

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

56

40.0

95
25
70

40.0
40.0
40.0

90.00
87.00
91.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

364
187
177
44

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

132.00
137.50
126.00
159.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING. CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

852
347
505

98.00
40.0
40.0 100.50
40.0
96.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ---------------

41
67
44

40.0
40.0

88.50
89.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

234
190

40.0
40.0

74.50
75.00

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

154
130

40.0 107.00
40.0 109.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

135
74
61

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

327
160
167

418
75
343

39.5
40.0
39.5

56
1,347
590
757
86

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

See footnotes at end of tables.




TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

224
75
14S

40.0
40.0
39.5

$
83.50
87.50
81.50

95.50
131.00
142.50
121.50
147.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

40.0 140.50
40.0 128.00
40.0 151.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

131.50
139.00
126.00
145.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

441
235
206
33

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

139.00
150.00
126.50
151.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------MANU FA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

515
191
324

39.5 122.00
40.0 138.50
39.5 112.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

381
186

40.0 126.00
40.0 105.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

291
119
39

40.0 140.50
40.0 117.00
40.0 128.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

72
53

40.0 180.00
40.0 169.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

111
32
79

40.0 148.50
40.0 157.00
40.0 145.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

61
39

40.0 124.50
40.0 107.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------

103

238.50

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

129
44
85

40.0 204.50
40.0 231.50
40.0 190.50

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------

96

306.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------

107

280.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

117
110

40.0 208.00
40.0 207.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

108
92

40.0 171.00
40.0 168.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------

77
35
42
309
129
180
26

74

40.0 137.50

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS ------------

613

40.0 131.50

40.0 1 1 1 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS 8 --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

Weekly
earnings1
[s a d r ) (
t n a d standard)

UFFICE OCCUPATIONS WU Mt N— CONTINUED
$
96.00
96.00
96.00

97.00

BO OK KE EPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1 1 1 .0 0

Weekly

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----

47

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

145
136

39.5
39.5

90.50
90.00

SWITCHBOARD OP ER AT OR-RECEPTIONISTSMA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

235
92
143

39.5
40.0
39.5

95.50
95.00
95.50

40.0 110.00
40.0 112.50
40.0 107.50

TR AN SC RIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

151
72
79

40.0
40.0
39.5

40.0 130.50
40.0 142.50
40.0 119.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --MA NUFACTURING --NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

133
40
93

40.0 110.00
40.0 132.50
40.0 100.50

196.50

209

40.0 194.50

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B --------

30

40.0 107.50

NURSES,

26

40.0 188.50

EL ECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS B90.50
95.50
85.50

O
o
*

72

Number
of
workers

O
o

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE I -----------------------------

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS WUMtN— CONTINUED

SECRETARIES, CLASS
MA NUFACTURING ---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

Weekly
earnings*
(standard) (standard)

o
o
*

$
40.0 158.00
40.0 151.00

Weekly

O
o

64
36

Number
of

+

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------NO NN AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

Sex, occupation, and industry division

*
o
o

Sex, occupation, and industry division

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED) ---

12
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u r ly e a rn in g s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Fort Worth, Tex., October 1972)
N um ber of w ork ers re ceivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of —

Hourly earnings3
---------i ------ t

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Under
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

%
2*40

2.40

S

2.50

*

»

2.60

2.70

2.80

$
2.90

*

i

3 .00

3.20

3.40

WOMEN

3.80

4.00

4.20

-

*

*

1
1

15

”

*

-

6
4

2.80

2.90

3 .20

3.40

53
34

$
4.40
4.56

$
4.53
4.60

$
4.044.52-

$
4.88
5.26

4.664.56-

-

“

-

“

*

1
1

4

*

4

1
1

5.43
5.46

_

_

_

_

-

-

3
3

16

.

12

13

“

12

13
13

3.49-

4.83

_

2

10
-

2
-

2
-

3
1

10

-

1
1

5
-

8
2

4
2

12
9

2

*

10

2

2

2

10

5

6

2

1
1

6
6

3

“

3

4

5.09

-------------------------------------- —
------------------------ --—

131
T5

4.28
4.76

4.61
4.67

56

3.63

3.42

4.612.91-

4.89
4.06

100
95

4.68
4.64

4.68
4.67

4.624.61-

5.05
5.04

214
63
151

3.95
4.38
3.76

2.853.812.48-

5.51
4.94
5.52

123

3.72

3.83
4.04
3.18
3.03

2.47-

5.53

518
500

4.19

3.98
3.96

3.563.56-

4.79
4.77

73
47
26

4.39
4.81
3.63

4.45
4.49
3.44

4.104.44-

4.86
5.62

-

3.03-

4.35

“

*

109
109

5.46
5.46

5.63
5.63

5.055.05-

6.04
6.04

_

-

---------

STATIONARY

MANUFACTURING

2.70

4.97
4.94

NONMANUFACTURING

$
4.20

3.60

2.60

264
219

MAINTENANCE

MANUFACTURING
ENGINEERS,

%
4.00

$
4. 4 0

*
4.60

s
4.80

t
5.00

%
5.20

$
5.40

5.60

%
5.80

$
6.00

6.00

6.20

4 . 4 0 A j lM .

*.90

S.0Q

-

-

“

~

40
40

-

5.26

5,40

5.60

5.80

4
4

-

6
6

41
5

35
35

4
4

7
_

-

7

-

COMBINED

C A R P E N T E R S . M A I N T E N A N C E -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------ —
ELECTRICIANS,

*
3.80

*"

1

AND

3.60

and
under
2.50

MEN

T

T

-------------------

5.07

1

*

“

12
11

1

6

1

“

6

-

-

15
14

2
2

1
_

2
_

34
34

11

3

1

2

-

2

3
3

6

-

40
40

-

33
33

8
3

10

8
8
-

-

-

45
45

12
12
-

-

-

40

-

55
44

30
30

_

81
-

9

78

_
-

9

4
*

_

-

-

-

9

11
MACHINISTS,

MAINTENANCE

MANUFACTURING

------------

------------------------ —

MECHANICS,
AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ! --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------- — --P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------- —
MECHANICS,

MAINTENANCE

-------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- ---------- —

P A I N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E --------------- —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------ — ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

TOOL

A N D D I E M A K E R S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




4.15

“

-

45
45

”

”

"

-

-

-

-

3
-

12
-

4
-

3
3

12

4

9

3

_

_

1

-

45
-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

2

1
13
8

15
10

2
2

5
4

22
22

106
106

65
65

-

*

1

25
25

-

2
-

4
-

3
-

3
-

4
-

2

4

3

3

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

5

44

7

2
-

12
1

3

“

“

3
3

9

14

2
2

3

-

3

-

-

34

14

34

19

44

11
11

-

2

-

“

1
1
-

1
1

6

7

34

13

68
68

34

-

-

6
-

27
27

i
-

6
6

2
-

-

“

6

-

i

-

2

-

-

-

4
4

i
i

•

43
43

-

_
-

-

-

_

6

_

_

~

"

13
13

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

19
19

41
41

13
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1972)

Number of w orkers re ceivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3
1

1.60

Occupation and industry division

1.70

MEN

aNO

WOMEN

t

i

t

$

i

t

I

i

i

»

1.70 l.eo 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.60 2.50

1.80

1.90

I

fi

I

*

I

i

i

I

I

I

I

I

2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.60 3.60 3.80 6.00 6.20 6.60 6.60 6.80

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.60

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.60

3.60

?,80

6.00

66
-

19

10

2
2

25

15
6

-

2
2

_

21

3
1

_

3

8
1

6

8

1
1

-

95
95

66

over

11

2.00

6.20

6.60

6.60

6 *52

71
71

30

71

30

-

.
•

•

6
6

COMBINED
$

$

$

$

537
265
292

2.78
3.92

2.09
3.98

1.773.91-

3.97
6.66

25
-

166
-

1.83

1.77

1.73-

1.93

25

166

-----------------------------

230

6.02

3.99

3.93-

6.66

-

-

1

-

5

-

-

-

1

21

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

95

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS,
A N 0 C L E A N E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

1,666

2.67

2.20

1.78-

3.06

253

96

61

120

63

35

89

15

17

18
76

31
89

23
20

7
10

89

83

70

3

“

“

-

“

2

21

11

17
18
6

6

32

15
37
5

19

226

33
220

15
.

83

3.60
2.23
3.33

3
•

89

2.391.712.28-

23
19
6

119

3.08
1.87
2.53

15
9

176

3.13
2.01
2.86

172
62
130

52

693
991

228
6

15
15

2.83
3.01
2.39

2.322.38-

3.15
3.15

27
10

20
10

20

67
16

67
8

68

168

7

16
9

7

619

2.80
2.88
2.66

10

13

7

53

39

61

158
10

66

3.73

3.87

3.09
3.99

17

---------------------

2.113.08-

ORDER
F I L L E R S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

620
52
368

2.67
2.57
2.68

2.63
2.28
2.63

2.301.96-

3.08
3.28

_
-

18
6

2.32-

3.07

-

12

PACKERS,
S H I P P I N G ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

602
256

2.65
2.92

2.20
2.68

1.932.00-

3.65
3.87

20
-

23
2

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

150

3.35
3.66

3.93

3.322.56-

6.00
3.28

-

3.03

3.31
3.65
3.16

2.97-

78
72

-

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

71
68

3.23
3.31

2.992.99-

3.39
3.60

_

3.66

SHIPPING

91

3.73
3.73

3.63

3.19I

6.62
*.Oi

3.36
3.09
3.68

3.09
3.13
3.06

2.362.81-

3.98
3.36

19
-

26
-

2.28-

5.66

19

26

6.50

5.67

2.57-

5.66

166
166

2.26

2.28

1.80-

2.57

19

23

9

2.22

2.26

1.78-

2.53

19

23

8

613

3.22

3.62

2.932.28-

3.38
3.67

-

3
-

-

-

2
1

------------------------

3.13
3.26

3.10
3.16

2.50-

153
660

-

3

-

-

1

1
8

TR UCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 6 TONS,
T R A I L E R T Y P E I -----------------------------

-

-

68

26

-

36

10
16

GUARDS

AND

WATCHMEN

MANUFACTURING

------------------------

-----------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

—

---- ---------------

15
1
16

3

30

_

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING

PUBLIC

UTILITIES

---------------------

90

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

1,176
759

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

AND

------------------------

UTILITIES

RECEIVING

CLERKS

--------

77
TRUCK0RIVERS
---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

TRUCKDRIVERS,
1-1/2

T0NSI

------------------------

LIGHT

ANO INCLUDING
MANUFACTURING

MEDIUM

MANUFACTURING

(1-1/2

^

7
-

10
10

7

65
33

62
30

26
16

1
-

-

3
-

-

1

-

3

-

.

_

_

-

39

66

29

60

36

33

13

38

10

3
-

11
3

16
6

113
6

2

3

356
276

66

63
61

16

27

2
1

78

2

16

-

1

27

35

6
6

15

_

1
8

-

11
-

22
-

16
7

26
-

66
•

50
16

-

69

20

11

22

7

26

66

36

-

35

67
35

25
6

3
3

3
3

6
3

10
-

1
-

9
9

33
3

3
3

30
30

9

2
-

i
-

1
-

12

25

21

13

-

6
-

6

6

6

2

1

1

23

13
8

ii

-

5
7

2

3

2

2

5

-

-

2

_

_

16

15

-

_

20
-

-

9

69
-

-

“

1

-

-

9

2
4
_
-

_

1

79
66
33

62
18
26

186
-

16

36

16

7

12
12

17
17

18
15

6

131
-

-

8
-

131

-

8

51
10
61

27
-

1

3

1

3

186

32
1
31

39
15
26

93
16
77

23
23

_

_

27
9
18

13

2

6

17
16

19
19

56
16
60

100
96
4

267
96

91

38

82
9

31
7

173

-

-

-

-

-

23
23

37
37

15

-

-

-

15

9

3

_

2.95

611

3.02

3.02

2.63-

3.17

-

-

228

3.10
3.01

2.752.27-

3.18
3.10

-

183

3.03
2.99

-

------------------------

-

9
9

9
9

62
62

-

6

-

-

20

4

2

12
10
15
16
1

-

-

_

10

_

18

-

9
9

-

1

9

4

26
21

23
3
20

19
19

16
14

23
17
6

16
16

*305
305

8

305

-

16

8

15
15

1

18
6

25
-

53
51

119

60

18

12

25

2

101

31
9

-

16

65

132

-

16

65

5

i

15

12

9

27

32
32

76
56

-

9
8

_

7

1

-

6
_

36
27

6

23

6

6

3
20

* Wo rk er s we r e distributed as follows:
** All workers we r e at $ 5.40 to $ 5.60.
See footnotes at end of tables.

111 at $5.40 to $5.60; and 194 at $5.60 to $5.80.

_

12

**99

-

99

_

12

12

-

2

23

11

17
6

11

2

-

"




_
-

25

i

_

9
9

15

_

2

-

-

6

27

1

31
6

30
2
28

16

-----------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

36
26

158
16
5

TO

6 T O N S I --------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

1,025
662

*

7
3
6

5

6
4

8
33
6
27

2

11
5

(UNDER

---------------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS,

1,517
692

3.61

9

12

14
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u rly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Fort Worth, Tex., October 1972)
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

*
1.60
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

i ------ 1 ------ 1 ------1 ------ i
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10

*

*

%
2.50

t

i

*

t

*

3.00

3.20

*
3.60

t

2.70

S
3.40

t

2.60

*
2.80

i

2.30

%
2.40

*

2.20

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

*
4.80

4.40

4.60

4.80

over

35
35

85
85

“

and
under

a nH

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

-

-

*
4

12
12

4
*

11
3

22
15

3
3

51
12

28
28

57
51

31
31

54
30

24
24

21
21

6

“

24

71
45
26

26
4

7

22

*

”

46
18
28

50
31
19

6
-

40
•

1
-

-

9
9

6

40

1

MEN AND WOMEN C O M B I N E D —
CONTINUED
$
3.31
3.40

$
3.11
3.17

$
2.642.67-

$
4.03
4.42

------------------------

179

3.07

3.02

2.48-

3.81

-

------------------------------------

226
43
183

2.62
3.13
2.50

2.04-

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

3.43
4.06

-

2.27

TRUCKERS. POWER
( F O R K L I F T ) ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
WAREHOUSEMEN

See footnotes at end of tables.




635
456

2.36
2.89

2.611.88-

3.27

-

39

“

-

-

8

25
-

25
-

-

1

IS
10

22
-

20
-

9
-

2
-

13
-

10
9

2
-

10
9

10

25

25

22

20

9

2

13

1

2

1

10

-

1

5

"*
_
-

-

6
6

_
-




15
T a b le A -6 . M a in te n a n c e , p o w e rp la n t, custodial, and m a te ria l h and ling
o c cu p atio n s: A v e ra g e hourly earnings, by sex
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of w o r k e r s in selected occupations* b y industry division*
Fort Worth, Tex., October 1972)

Sex, occupation, an d industry division

Number
of
woikers

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings3

M A I N T E N A N C E AND P O W E R P L A N T
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

Sex, occupation, an d industry division

Average
Number (mean2)
of
hourly
woikers earnings3

C U S T U O I A L AND M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$
" R H U r A L 1U K 1I W

*

324

28

N U N R A N U r A t 1U K I N b
R t t t 1 ¥ 1flu L L t K A a
RUflRAIlUr

M

" " "*■
"

2.79

1
"™ " " 1 ■
1 J
i

1U K l R v

3*69
a
.
- ;T

4»64

J n l r r I N b A N U K t U t 1V I N u L L t K A j
1

1 P 1t N w N C t T ^ '
I

214

3.95
38

1K U L M I K 1Vt K a *
n A R U r AL 1UKTflv

3*36
462

4.50

162

2.23

4*15
4*81
3*63
3 • 26
TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
-

411

_

245

3.92

3*02

3.07
AAACHUv*>tRCn

. . . . . . .

n U N P A N U r A L 1UK 1 n o

JANITORS. PORTERS. ANO CLEANERS ---

1.352

2.62

NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

685

2.10

1" ■
1

""

11 " "
'

C U S T O D I A L AN D M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G
O C C U P A T I O N S - W O ME N

1 • 85
RUFiRANUr A L 1U K In b "" " " 1

■ i ■■ ■ ■ n ■
>

!• ou

2.05
See footnotes at end of table.

16

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
T a b le B -1. M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la rie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o rk e rs
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by m i n i m u m entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced w o m e n officeworkers. Fo r t Worth, Te x , , Oc to be r 1972)
In e x p e rie n ce d typ ists
Manufacturing
M inimum w eek ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 4

— — —

-

—

—

A ll
schedules

40

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard w eek ly h ou rs6 o f—

A ll
indu stries

Based on standard w eek ly h ou rs6 of-—

A ll
in du stries

A ll
schedule 8

Establish m ents studied-

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o rk e rs
Nonmanufacturing

A ll
schedules

40

40

A ll
schedules

40

139

49

XXX

90

XXX

139

49

XXX

90

XXX

Establish m ents having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ---------------------

52

20

20

32

29

79

30

30

49

41

$ 60 .00 and under $ 6 2 .5 0 -------------------------------------------$ 62 .50 and under $ 6 5 .0 0 -------------------------------------------$ 65 .00 and under $ 6 7 .5 0 -------------------------------------------$ 67 .50 and under $ 7 0 .0 0 __________________________________
$ 70, 00 and under $ 72. 50-------------------------------------------$ 72. 50 and under $ 75. 00-------------------------------------------$ 75. 00 and under $ 77. 50-------------------------------------------$77. 50 and under $ 80. 00-------------------------------------------$ 80. 00 and under $ 82. 50—-----------------------------------------$ 82. 50 and under $ 85. 00-------------------------------------------$ 85. 00 and under $ 87. 50-------------------------------------------$ 87. 50 and under $ 90. 00-------------------------------------------$ 90. 00 and under $ 92. 50-------------------------------------------$ 9 2 .5 0 and under $ 9 5 .0 0 -------------------------------------------$ 95. 0 0 and under $ 97. 50-------------------------------------------$ 97.50 and under $ 100 .0 0 -----------------------------------------$ 100. 0 0 and o v e r -------------------------------------------------------

2
1
5
8
5
4
1
4
i
2
1
4
1
2
1
1

6
1
2
5
3
3
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
-

5
10
3
12
10
5
7
2
8
3
3
1
4
1
2
1
2

Establish m ents having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ------------------

14

6

XXX

8

XXX

20

7

XXX

13

XXX

73

23

XXX

50

XXX

40

12

XXX

28

XXX

9

_

_

2
3
3
2
1
1
3
1
2

2
3
3
2
1
1
3
1
2

-

-

1

1

-

-

1

1

2
7
1
2
5
3
3
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
-

_
2
_
6
5
2
1
1
4
1
3
2
-

2
.
6
5
2
1
1
4
1
3
2
-

1

1

-

-

2

2

5
8
3
6
5
3
6
1
4
2
1
2
1
1
1
*

8
2
6
5
3
5
1
4
2
_
_
2
1
1
1
-

Establish m ents which did not em p loy w o rk ers

See footnotes a t end o f tables,







T a b le B -2 .

S h ift d iffe re n tia ls

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l .
F o r t W o r t h , T e x , , O c t o b e r 1972)

£A l^ j> lantw orkers_inij n a n u f a c t u r i r y ^ j ^ J j O O ^ £ e r c e n t ) _ ^ _ _ ^ _ _ _ ^ ^ ^ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g p la n tw o rk e rs—
L a te -s h ift pay p r o v is io n

In e sta b lish m e n ts having p r o v is io n s 7
fo r late sh ifts

A c tu a lly w ork in g on late sh ifts

S econ d shift

T h ir d o r o th er
shift

S econ d sh ift

T o t a l------------------------------------------------------------------

84. 3

65. 5

17. 1

3.6

No pay d iffe r e n t ia l f o r w o rk on late s h i ft — —-—

3 .6

1 .9

0 .8

0.6

80, 7

6 3 .6

1 6 .4

3.0

6 8 .6

2 7 .7

1 2 .9

2.2

P a y d iffe r e n t ia l f o r w o rk on latte s h i ft __________

T h ir d o r oth er
shift

T y p e and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l:
U n ifo rm ce n ts (p e r hour) -------------------------5 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------- -8 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------9 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------10 c e n t s _____ __________ _______________
12 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------13 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------13% c e n t s -----------------------------------------------14 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------15 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------18 c e n t s ______________________________— _
20 c e n t s ______________________________ __
21 c e n ts ___ ___ ____________ ___ ________ _
27% c e n t s ----------------------------------------------- -

1. 5
5. 0
3. 2

.2
1. 2
.4
1.9
. 2
.6
. 7
C)
2. 1
4. 6

2.4

-

.9

.
-

1 .9
2 .7

3 .7
-

4. 5
1. 2
17. 0
1 .5
4. 6
2.7
1.5
8.4

21. 0

2. 1
1. 3
-

5. 5
4. 5
-

-

.2

.2

.8
-

{*)
. 1
. 5
. 3
. 1

U n ifo rm p e r c e n t a g e ________________________

12.1

10.9

3.5

-

5 p e r c e n t ________________________________
7 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------15 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------------

9.2
1.2
1.7

3.1

-

-

9 .2
1 .7

•

“

-

22. 7
12. 6
10. 1

-

.7
.4
.3

“

2. 3

“

. 1

.4

8 h ours* pay f o r 6 Y h o u r s ' w o rk , plus
2

u n ifo rm cen ts (p e r h o u r )-------------------------10 c e n t s ----- --------------------------------------------14 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------- O th er f o r m a l pay d iffe r e n t ia l_____________

See footnote at end o f tables,

18

T a b le B -3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs and days

(P e r c e n t o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by s ch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d ays
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , F o r t W orth , T e x . , O c to b e r 1972)
P la n tw o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W eek ly h ou rs and days
A ll in d u strie s

A ll w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------

34 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------35 h o u r s — 5 d a y s __________________________________
35*/* h o u r s — 5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------36 ^ 4 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------38j/4 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------40 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------4 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------42 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------5y2 d a y s -------------- ----------------------- —---------------------6 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 42 and under 44 h o u r s ---------------------------------5 days . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __ . . . . . —. — -----——----------------5 *fz d a y s ________________________________________
44 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------5 days - ___ _____ ._________ _____ ________ _______
5 y2 d a y s __ __ ______ ________ __ __________________
45 h o u r s ______ ____________________________________
5 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------S'fz d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s _________ __ ___________________ _________
46 h o u r s — 6 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------47 Y2 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------48 h o u r s — 6 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------50 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------5 Yz d a y s _______ ___ ___ __ — ___ ______ ___ _____ —
O v er 50 h o u r s — 6 d a y s ------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te at end o f tables,




100
1
1
1
4
78
1
77
(’ )
1
(9)
( !)
n
(’ )
3
1
2
4
2
1
1
1
4
1
(’ )
1
2

M anufacturin g

100

3
2
87
1
86
2
2
2
1
1
3

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u s trie s

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilities

100

100

100

100

86
86
“
2
2
-

2
4
2
90
90

-

99
99

2
2
“
“
8
3
2
(’ )

1
1
“
( !)
0
( !)
C
n
(’ )
(’ )
-

100
100
-

-

*
(’ )
(’ )
-

19

T a b l e B - 4 . A n n u a l p a id h o lid a y s
( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l i d a y s ,

F o r t W orth ,

T e x .,

O c t o b e r 1972)

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n tw or ke r s
Item
A ll in d u strie s

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------W ork ers in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

94

100

90

99

100

100

6

-

10

(9 )

-

-

2
1
1
17
(*)
19
(9)
12
20
6
5
6
5

(’ )
8
16

(’ )
1
(9 )
(9 )
14
1
14
2
14
(9 )
32
15
4
3
1

(9)
9
18
6
1
41
4
10
8
3

_
2
5
3
27

21
8
8
11
9

_
.
2
3
2
12
65
5
-

5
11
15
21
42
53
53
72
72
90
90
91
92
94

9
20
28
36
57
76
76
92
92
99
99
99
99
100

_
5
70
83
84
88
88
90
90
90
90
90

1
4
8
23
55
69
71
85
85
98
98
98
98
99

3
11
21
25
67
73
73
91
91
99
99
99
99
100

N um ber o f days
1 h o lid a y ......
2 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
3 h o lid a y s _________ ____ ________________ ___ ____ _
4 h o lid a y s ______________ _______________ _________
5 h o lid a y s ________ _______ ___ ___________ ______— _
5 h olid ays plus 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------------6 h o lid a y s ______________ ___ —---------—--- ----------- -—
6 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf day-------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------7 h olid ays plus 2 o r 4 h a lf d a y s --------------------------8 h olid ays -__ ____________ ____ ____ _______________ _
9 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------10 h olid a ys — --- -------------------- -------------------------- -— —
11 h o lid a y s --------------------------------------------------------------12 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------

-

18
-

-

-

6.1
2
-

T o ta l h o lid a y t im e 1
0
12 d a y s _____________________________________________
11 days o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------10 days o r m o r e -------------------------------- --------------------9 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------8 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------7 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------6 y 2 days o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------6 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------5 y 2 days o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------5 days o r m b r e ------------------------------------------------------4 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------3 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------2 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------1 day o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end o f tables




-

_
.
2
63
90
93
98
98
100
100
100
100
100

20

T a b le B -4 a .

Id e n t if ic a t io n o f m a j o r p a id h o lid a y s

(P e r c e n t o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by paid h o lid a y s , F o r t W orth , T e x . , O cto b e r 1972)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n tw o rk e rs
H oliday
A ll in d u strie s

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilities

A ll w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

New Y e a r 's D a y -----------------------------------------------------W a sh in gton 's B irth d a y ------------------------------------------G o o d F r i d a y -----------------------------------------------------------M e m o r ia l D a y---------------------------------------------------------F o u rth o f J u ly ---------------------------------------------------------L a b o r D a y __________________________________________
C olu m bu s D a y---------------------------------------------------------V e te ra n s D a y ----------------------------------------------------------T h a n k sgivin g D a y --------------------------------------------------D ay a fte r T h a n k sg iv in g -----------------------------------------C h ris tm a s E v e --------------------------------------------------------C h ris tm a s E v e , h a lf day--------------------------------------C h ris tm a s D a y--------------------------------------------------------A ll w ork in g d ays be tw e e n C h ris tm a s D ay
and N ew Y e a r 's E v e 11-----------------------------------------N ew Y e a r 's E v e -----------------------------------------------------F loa tin g h o lid a y 12--------------------------------------------------E m p lo y e e 's b ir th d a y ----------------------------------------------

91
5
34
60
84
90

90
34
47
87
90
90

99
17
36
78
96
98
12
18
99
32
17
3
99

99
3
65
85
92
99

99
22
68
96
100
100

6
91
22
33
(’ )
94

99
3
54
80
88
99
6
99
39
55
100

11
14
4
14

19
25
7
8

7
7
6
7

11
18
3
7

See footnotes at end o f tables.




-

-

25
90
23
2
90

_
-

(9)
30

-

3
99
54
33
1
99

-

30
100
17
3
100

_
-

2
19

T a b le B -5 . P a id v a c a tio n s
( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , F o r t W o r t h , T e x , , O c t o b e r 1972)

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n tw o rk e rs
V a ca tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u strie s

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
94
5

100
93
7

100
97
3

100
99
(’ )

100
100
-

100
100
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

20
2
(9)

17
-

38
-

23

44
-

-

-

37
5
1

*

-

63
1
30
6

64
i
24
11

74
26
-

26
(9)
61
12

25
1
41
33

57
43
-

26
2
65
6

33
4
53
11

33
67
-

5
(9)
83
12

4
63
33

88
-

9
6
78
6
1

10
12
66
11
1

4
96
"

2
(9)
84
13
(9)

3
(9)
59
36
1

2
98
“

9
5
78
7
1

10
9
65
13
1

2
(9)
82
15
(9>

3
(9 )
59
36
1

3
(’ )
83
7
6

1

-

-

-

80
13
6

97
3

78
15
6

56
33
10

97
3

3
36
5
48
6
2

31
9
45
11
3

14

1
32
3
50
13
1

17
(9)
45
36
2

7
93
-

M ethod o f paym ent
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p aid v a c a t io n s ------------------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t---------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e p aym ent-----------------------------------------W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ________________________________
A m oun t o f v a ca tio n p a v 1
3
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________________________

-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ______
.
_
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s ___________________________ ____ __ ________ _
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------

12
-

A fte r 3 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek----------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

-

A ft e r 4 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s _____________________________________________

4
-

96
-

-

2
-

98
*

A ft e r 5 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek----------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks -----------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------




-

86
-

22

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t w o r k e r s a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s . F o r t W o r t h , T e x , , O c t o b e r 1972)

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n tw o r k e r s
V a ca tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u strie s

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u stries

M an ufacturin g

P u b lic u tilities

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 1 — Continued
5
A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

3
34
5
50
6
2

_
27
9
49
11
3

_
14
86
-

3
30
(’ )
47
6
13

-

1
32
3
50
13
1

16
(M
46
36
2

_
25
(9)
44
11
20

_
14
74
12

1
24
3
50
12
10

15
(’ )
37
33
15

7
87
5

3
30
(M
18
40
6
3

25
(9)
23
37
11
5

14
7
79
-

1
24
3
25
33
12
2

15
(M
22
25
33
5

7
24
69
-

3
30
(9 )
15
37
6
8

_
25
(9)
19
38
11
7

_
14
61
25

1
24
1
24
29
12
9

_
15
(M
21
22

_
7
63
30

3

30
(’ )
15
37
6
8
1

25
(9)
19
38
11
6
1

14
61
25
-

1
24
1
21
32
12
9
(9 )

15
(9)
21
21

3
30
(9 )
15
36
6
9
1

25
(9)
19
38
11
6
1

7
93
-

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eeks --------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------4 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u nd er 5 w e e k s ------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 25 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eeks --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------4 w eeks --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

33

8

A fte r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and und er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 4 and under 5 w e e k s ------------------------------------5 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

33

8
1

7
63
30
-

M axim u m v a ca tio n a v a ila b le
1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 4 and under 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------5 w eeks ——— — — — — — — — — —— — — —— —
—
6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------




_

_
14
-

61
-

25
“

1
24
1
21
32
12
9
CM

_
15
(M
21
21
33
8
1

_
7
-

63
30

23

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u r a n c e a n d p e n s io n p la n s

(P e r c e n t o f p la n tw ork e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fit s , F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O cto b e r 1972)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n tw o rk e rs
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
fin a n c in g 1
4

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g at
le a s t 1 o f the b e n e fits show n b e l o w ------------------

A ll in d u strie s

M anufacturin g

100

100

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

A ll in d u stries

M anufacturin g

100

100

P u b lic u tilities

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

93
59

96

100

99
48

100

85

97
52

67
47

78
58

73
72

68
41

85
45

82
79

64

73

63

79

87

90

S ick n es s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e --------------N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s --------------------------S ic k le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )------------------------------------------S ic k le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d )-------------------------------------------

49
32

70
44

15
9

34
15

73
28

4
4

23

27

29

62

69

59

9

4

19

8

3

28

L o n g -t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e ---------------------N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s -------------------------------H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e -------------------------------N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s -------------------------------S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s ------------------------------—
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s -------------------------------M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e -------------------------------N o n co n trib u to ry p l a n s -------------------------------D en tal in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------------N o n con trib u tory p l a n s -------------------------------R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n ------------------------------------------N o n co n trib u to ry p la n s --------------------------------

24
19
96
52
96
52
93
51
80
43
3

28
26
95
59
95
59
91
57
72
45

15
15

33

24
14
95
43
95
43
93
42
80
35

L ife in s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------N o n con trib u tory p la n s -------------------------------A c c id e n ta l d eath and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------------N on c o n trib u to r y p l a n s -------------------------------S ick n es s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o th 1
5----------------------------------------

See footnotes at end o f tables




2

63
50

66

-

77
69

100
67

100
67
98
67

88

64
5
5
65
49

20
98
40
98
40
97
39
90
37

1

(’ )
77
60

-

85
77

72

15
15

100
51

100
51
99
51
95
49

1
1

75
69

24
F o o tn o te s
A ll of th e se stan dard fo o tn o te s m a y not ap ply to th is b u lletin .

1 Standard h o u rs r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pa y f o r o v e rtim e
at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the ea rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2
T h e m ea n is com p u ted fo r ea ch jo b by tota lin g the ea rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ian
d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf of the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e than the ra te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te sh ow n.
The m id d le
ran ge is d efin ed by 2 r a te s of pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s ea rn l e s s than the lo w e r o f th e se r a te s and a fou rth e a rn m o r e than the h igh er r a te .
3 E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
4 T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la t e to fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m sta rtin g (h irin g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s that a r e p a id fo r stan dard
w ork w eek s.
5 E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s su ch as m e s s e n g e r .
6 Data a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll stan d ard w ork w eek s c o m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n stan dard w o rk w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7 In clu d es a ll p la n tw o r k e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly op e ra tin g la te s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h o s e fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r la te
s h ifts , ev en though the e sta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n tly op era tin g la te s h ifts.
8 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.
9 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
10 A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf da ys that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a
to ta l o f 9 days in clu d e s th o se w ith 9 fu ll days and no h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll da ys and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on. P r o p o r t io n s
then w e r e cu m u la ted .
1 T h e s e days a r e p r o v id e d as p a rt o f a C h r is tm a s — ew Y e a r h o lid a y p e r io d w h ich t y p ic a lly b e g in s w ith C h r is tm a s E ve and ends w ith
1
N
N ew Y e a r 's D ay. Such a h o lid a y p e r io d is c o m m o n in the a u to m o b ile , a e r o s p a c e , and fa r m im p le m e n t in d u s tr ie s . B e c a u s e o f y e a r - t o - y e a r
v a r ia tio n in the n u m ber o f w o rk d a y s du rin g the p e r io d , pay fo r a Sunday in D e c e m b e r , fr e q u e n tly r e f e r r e d to as a "b on u s h o lid a y ," m a y be
p r o v id e d t o e q u a liz e e a ch y e a r 's to ta l h o lid a y pay.
12 " F lo a t in g " h o lid a y s v a r y fr o m y e a r to y e a r a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r o r e m p lo y e e c h o ic e .
13 In clu d es pa ym en ts oth er than "le n g th o f t i m e , " su ch as p e r c e n ta g e of annual e a rn in g s or fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r t e d to an eq u ivalen t
tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e a r e c h o s e n a r b it r a r ily and d o not
n e c e s s a r il y r e f le c t in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n ; fo r e x a m p le , ch a n g es in p r o p o r t io n s at 10 y e a r s in clu d e ch a n g es betw een 5 and 10
y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s, the p r o p o r t io n e lig ib le fo r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a fte r 10 y e a r s in clu d e s th o se e lig ib le fo r at le a s t 3
w e e k s ' pay a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
14 E s tim a te s lis t e d a fte r type o f b e n e fit a r e fo r a ll plan s fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r . "N o n c o n trib u to r y
p la n s " in clu d e on ly th o s e fin a n ce d e n tir e ly by the e m p lo y e r .
E x clu d e d a r e le g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l
s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
13 U n du plicated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e or s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e plans a re
lim ite d to th o s e w h ich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m ber of d a y s ' pay that ea ch e m p lo y e e ca n e x p e c t .
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e
a llo w a n ce s d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x clu d e d .




A p p en d ix. O ccu p atio n al D e s c rip tio n s
Th e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into ap p rop ria te
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll t itle s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to esta b lish m en t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s the grou p in g o f o ccu p a tio n a l w age r a te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f th is em p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th o s e in u se in
in divid u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s . In app lying th e se jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s tru cte d
to e x clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and han dicap ped, p a r t -t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
C L E R K , ACCO U N TIN G — Continued

B IL L E R , M ACHINE
P r e p a r e s sta tem e n ts, b ille , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r ite r . M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m oth er
c l e r i c a l w ork in cid en ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c la s s if ie d by type o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :
B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U se s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (co m b in a tio n typing
and adding m a ch in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rch a s e o r d e r s , in t e r ­
n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s , e t c .
U su ally in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n o f p r e ­
d e te rm in e d d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m ay o r
m a y not be com p u te d on the b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w hich a r e a u to m a tica lly accu m u la te d
by m a c h in e . Th e op e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e nu m ber o f ca r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill being
p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l le r , m a ch in e (book k eepin g m a c h in e ). U se s a b ook k eepin g m a ch in e (with o r w ithout
a ty p e w rite r k ey b oa rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as part o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a ­
tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The
m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te s fig u re s on a nu m ber o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and co m p u te s
and u su a lly p r in ts a u to m a tica lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow l­
edge o f book k eep in g .
W orks fr o m u n ifo rm and standard ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

O p era tes a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r without a ty p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d
o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s .
C la s s A . K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a know ledge o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
bookk eepin g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y with the s tr u c tu re o f the p a r ticu la r accou n tin g sy s te m
u sed . D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f debit and c r e d it ite m s to be used in e a ch
ph a se o f the w ork . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a lan ce s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B . K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a se s o r s e c tio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g little k n ow ledge o f b a s ic bo o k k e e p in g . P h ases o r s e c t io n s in clu d e a cco u n ts p a ya b le,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a cco u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b ille r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is trib u tio n , e xp en se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, e tc . M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets f o r the a cco u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.
C L E R K , ACCO U NTIN G
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a cco u n tin g c le r i c a l ta sk s such as p o stin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a cco u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in tern al c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tica l
a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d o cu m e n ts; a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l is t s , c a lcu la tio n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a rin g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s . M ay w o rk
in e ith e r a m anual o r autom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .
The w ork r e q u ir e s a kn ow ledge o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f fic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
w h ich r e la te s to the c le r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c tio n s and accou n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
With e x p e r ie n c e , the w o rk e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r with the book k eepin g and accou n tin g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a s s ig n e d w o rk , but is not re q u ir e d to have a know ledge o f the fo rm a l
p r in c ip le s o f b ook k eepin g and a cco u n tin g .




C la s s A . U nder g e n e ra l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n tin g c l e r i c a l op era tion s w hich
r e q u ir e the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t, fo r e x a m p le, c le r i c a l ly p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a te d o r n o n re p e titiv e accou n tin g t r a n s a c t io n s , s e le ctin g am ong a substantial v a r ie ty o f
p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s and c la s s if ic a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s through p r e v io u s
a cco u n tin g a c tio n s to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M ay be a s s is te d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B accou n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in s tru ctio n s and stan dardized p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accou n tin g c le r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as postin g to
le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo ca tio n s o f p ostin g s a r e
c le a r l y in d ica te d : c h e ck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd ized and re p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r a cco u n tin g d o cu m e n ts; and co d in g d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d accounting c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c la s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m . M ay p e r fo r m
c le r i c a l and m anual task s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain f il e s . P o s itio n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the
b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d e x es file m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h ­
n ica l d o cu m e n ts , e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sy s te m containin g a n u m ber o f v a ried s u b je ct
m a tte r f il e s . M ay a ls o file th is m a t e r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s typ es in con ju n ction
with the f il e s .
M ay le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r le v e l f ile c le r k s .

BO O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

the

P o s it io n s a r e c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and file s
ings o r p a r tly c la s s i f ie d m a te r ia l by
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s re q u e s te d ,
w ard s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m re la te d

u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le (s u b je c t m atter) h ead ­
fin e r subh ea din gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le rela ted in d ex and
lo c a te s c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and f o r ­
c le r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m aintain and s e r v ic e f il e s .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s routin e filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been c la s s ifie d o r w hich
is e a s ily c la s s i f ie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n sy s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b etica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily ava ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo rw a r d s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f i l l out w ithdraw al c h a r g e . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le c le r i c a l and m anual task s
r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f il e s .
C L E R K , O RD ER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r ch a n d is e by m a il, phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : Quoting p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r
sh e e t lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and quantities o f item s on o r d e r
sh eet; and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M ay ch e ck with c r e d it
dep a rtm en t to d e te r m in e c r e d it ratin g o ( c u s t o m e r , a ck n ow led ge r e c e ip t of o r d e r s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that they have been fille d , k eep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping
in v o ic e s with o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PAYROLL
C om pu tes w ages o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and en ters the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
s h e e ts . D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu latin g w o r k e r s ' ea rn in gs b a sed on tim e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; and
postin g c a lcu la te d data on p a y r o ll sh e e t, show ing in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n am e, w ork in g
d a y s , t im e , r a te , d ed u ction s f o r in s u r a n c e , and total w ages due. M ay m ake out p a y ch eck s and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay use a ca lcu la tin g m a ch in e.

N O T E : S ince the la s t s u r v e y in this a r e a , the B u reau has (1) d isco n tin u e d c o lle c t in g data fo r C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s , (2) changed
e le c t r o n i c s te c h n icia n s c la s s ific a t io n fr o m a sin g le le v e l to a th ree le v e l jo b , and (3) begun c o lle c t in g data fo r w a reh ou sem en .

25

26
KEYPUNCH O PER ATO R

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

O p e ra te s a k eypu nch m a ch in e to r e c o r d
tabulating c a r d s o r on ta p e .

o r v e r i fy

a lp h ab etic

a n d /o r n u m e r ic

data on

P o s it io n s a r e c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t in s e le c t in g p r o c e ­
d u re s to be fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in te rp re tin g , s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g ite m s to be
keypu n ch ed f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts . On o c c a s ip n m ay a ls o p e r fo r m so m e rou tin e
k eypu nch w o rk .
M ay tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k eypu nch o p e r a t o r s .

N O T E : The t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the le v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to
th o s e o f fi c ia ls who have a sig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e -w id e p olic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
co m p a n y a c t iv it ie s . Th e title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f th is r o le , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id e n tify such p o s it io n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a c t p e r ­
s o n a lly on individ ual c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e .g ., ap p rov e o r deny individ ual loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ;
a d m in is te r individ ual tru s t a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d t o be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r p u r p o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A

a ll,
C la s s B . W ork is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s s ta n d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w h ich have
b een c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ich have be e n p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e
little o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a tio n .

X. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100‘ but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than the c h a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l,
se g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

o f a m a jo r

C la s s B

M ESSEN GER (O ffic e B o y o r G irl)

1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e du ties su ch as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o f fic e m a ­
c h in es su ch as s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , o p en in g and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
E x clu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.

a ll,

SECRETARY

3. S e c r e t a r y to the head , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r l e v e l, o v e r e ith er a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e -w id e fu n ction a l a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u stria l r e la ­
t io n s , e t c .) c>r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r or g a n iz a tio n a l segm en t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to on e in d iv id u a l. M aintains a c lo s e and h igh ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y -t o -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r . W orks fa ir ly in depen d en tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and gu id a n ce. P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties , u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
a. R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l ls , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il,
in q u ir e s , and r o u te s te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;

an sw ers

b.

E s t a b lis h e s , m a in ta in s ,

c.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d ivid u al plan t, fa c t o r y , e t c . ( o r oth er equ ivalent le v e l
o f o f fic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f a la r g e and im p orta n t org a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m a n agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t ofte n in v olv in g as m an y as s e v e r a l
hun dred p e r s o n s ) o r a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

M aintain s the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s app ointm ents as in s tru cte d ;

d.

rou tin e

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the c h a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's file s ;
C la s s C

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o rd in a te s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v i s o r 's sig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

P e rfo rm s

by

o th e r s f o r the

1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not eq u ivalen t
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in the d efin ition f o r c la s s B , but w h ose o rg a n iz a tio n a l
unit n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id ed into o r g a n iz a ­
tion al s e g m e n ts w hich a r e o fte n , in turn, fu r th e r su b d ivid ed . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l
in c lu d e s a w ide ran ge o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r tw o; £>r
2. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in divid u al plant, f a c to r y , e t c . (o r o th e r eq u ivalen t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

ste n o g r a p h ic and typing w o rk .

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n ature and d iffic u lty .
The w ork t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d ge o f o f fi c e rou tin e and u n d erstand ing o f the o r g a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s re la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x clu s io n s
Not a ll p o s itio n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r a c t e r is t i c s .
o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x clu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n a r e as fo llo w s :

E x a m p le s

C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a sm a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit ( e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r
2 . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y sta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a ­
tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n icia n o r e x p e r t. (N O T E : M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s te n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G RA PH ER

a.

P o s it io n s

w h ich

do

not m e e t the

" p e r s o n a l"

s e cre ta ry

b.

con cept

d e s c r ib e d

ab o v e :

S ten og ra p h e rs not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l type duties;

c.
S ten og ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f fi c e a s s is ta n ts to a g ro u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;
d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w hich the duties a r e e ith e r su b stan tially m o r e routin e o r
su b sta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the de fin itio n ;

P r im a r y duty i s to take d ic ta tio n u sin g sh orth an d, and to t r a n s c r ib e the d icta tio n . M ay
a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay o p e r a te fr o m a s ten og ra p h ic p o o l. M ay o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e
fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y duty is t r a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , se e T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a to r, G e n e r a l).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly
w ork s in a co n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip w ith on ly one m a n a g e r o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta sk s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .
S te n o g ra p h e r, G en eral

e . A s s is ta n t type p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le t e c h ­
n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l duties w hich a r e not ty p ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .




D icta tio n in v o lv e s a n o rm a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y . M ay m ain tain f il e s , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la tiv e ly rou tin e c le r i c a l t a s k s .

27
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r ) — C o n tin u e d

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n t in u e d

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

S ten og ra p h er, S e n io r
D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as in le g a l b r ie fs
o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay a ls o set up and m ain tain f il e s , keep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r fo r m s sten o g ra p h ic duties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r indepen d en ce and r e s p o n ­
s ib ility than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by the fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u ir e s a high
d e g r e e o f sten og ra p h ic sp e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th orou gh w o rk in g know ledge o f g e n e ra l b u sin e ss
and o f fi c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f il e s , w o rk flo w , e tc .
U ses this k n ow ledge in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic du ties and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l task s such as m aintain ing fo llo w u p file s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r r e p o r t s ,
m em o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le tt e r s fr o m g e n e ra l in s tru ctio n s ; re a d in g and
rou tin g in c o m in g m a il; and an sw e rin g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
SW ITC H B O A RD O P E R A T O R
C la s s A. O p era te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n tele p h o n e sw itch b o a rd handling in co m in g ,
ou tgoin g, intraplant o r o f fic e c a lls . P e r fo r m s fu ll tele p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o r han dles
c o m p le x c a l ls , such as c o n fe r e n c e , c o ll e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith e r in add ition to
doing routin e w ork as d e s c r ib e d fo r s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r , c la s s B, o r as a fu ll-t im e
a ssig n m en t. ( " F u l l" telep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s when the e s ta b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d
fu n ction s that a re not r e a d ily un d erstan d able fo r te lep h on e in fo rm a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e ca u s e
o f ov e r la p p in g o r in te rr e la te d fu n ctio n s , and c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fre q u e n t p r o b le m s as to
w hich ex ten sion s a r e a p p ro p ria te f o r c a l ls .)
C la s s B . O p era te s a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n te le p h o n e sw itch b o a rd handling in c o m in g ,
ou tgoin g, intraplant o r o f fic e c a l ls . M ay handle routin e long d ista n ce c a lls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M ay p e r fo r m lim ite d telep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e . ( " L im it e d " telep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s i f the fu n ction s o f the e sta b lish m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily un d erstan d able fo r te lep h on e
in fo rm a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r if the re q u e s ts a r e ro u tin e , e .g ., givin g e x te n s io n n u m bers when
s p e c ific n am es a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e fe r r e d to an oth er o p e r a t o r .)
T h ese c la s s ific a t io n s do not in clu d e s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s in te lep h on e c o m p a n ie s who
a s s is t c u s t o m e r s in p la cin g c a lls .
SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In add ition to p e r fo rm in g duties o f o p e r a t o r on a s in g le -p o s it io n o r m o n ito r -t y p e sw itc h ­
b o a r d , a cts as r e c e p tio n is t and m ay a ls o type o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r i c a l w o rk as part o f r e g u la r
d u ties. T h is typing o r c le r i c a l w ork m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
s w itch b oa rd .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A cco u n tin g M ach in e O p e ra to r)
O p era tes one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la t o r , c o lla t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , rep r o d u c in g punch, e t c . E x clu d ed fro m this d e fin itio n are w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o ex clu d ed a r e o p e r a to r s o f e le c t r o n ic digita l c o m p u t e r s , e ven though th ey m a y a ls o o p e r a te
E A M equipm ent.

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le te re p o r tin g and tabulating a s s ig n m e n ts includ ing d ev is in g
d iffic u lt c o n tr o l panel w irin g under g e n e ra l s u p e r v is io n . A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v olv e a
v a r ie ty o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w hich often a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u irin g
s o m e planning o f the nature and se q u en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and the u se o f a v a r ie ty o f m a ­
ch in e s .
Is ty p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s o r train in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the o p e ra tin g se q u e n ce s o f lon g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w hich w irin g r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim ite d to
s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w ork a c c o r d in g to es ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and under s p e c ific in ­
s tr u c tio n s . A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but rou tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts o r p a rts
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s . O p e ra te s m o r e d iffic u lt tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l a c ­
counting m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la t o r , in add ition to the s im p le r m a ch in e s
u se d by c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M ay be r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s . M ay tr a in
new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s .
C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a te s s im p le tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l accou n tin g
m a ch in e s such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , rep r o d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e t c . A s s ig n m en ts
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w o rk unit, f o r e x a m p le , individ ual s o r tin g o r co lla tin g runs,
o r re p e titiv e o p e r a t io n s . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do s om e filin g w ork .
TR AN SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tion in v olv in g a n o rm a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fro m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y and do s im p le c le r i c a l w ork .
W o r k e r s tr a n s c r ib in g d icta tio n in vo lvin g a v a r ie d te c h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed . A w o rk e r who tak es d icta tion
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s if ie d as a ste n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e out b ills a fter c a lc u la ­
tio n s have been m ade by an other p e r s o n . M ay in clu d e typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e ­
r ia ls f o r u se in d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c l e r i c a l w ork in v olv in g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , such
as keeping s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and distrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a te r ia l in final fo r m when
it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a tio n , pun ctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ica l o r unusual w ord s o r fo r e ig n language m a t e ­
r ia l; o r planning layout and typing o f c o m p lic a t e d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m aintain u n ifo rm ity
and ba la n ce in sp a cin g . M ay type rou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C op y typing fr o m rough o r c le a r
d r a fts ; o r rou tin e typing o f f o r m s , in s u ra n ce p o l ic i e s , e t c .; o r settin g up s im p le standard
ta b u lation s; o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les a lr e a d y s et up and s p a ce d p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

C O M PU TE R O P E R A T O R
M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l co m p u te r to p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g
to op era tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o g r a m e r . W ork in clu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Studies in s tru ctio n s to d e te rm in e equipm ent setup and o p e r a tio n s ; load s equipm ent with re q u ir e d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .): sw itch e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into c ir c u i t , and starts
and o p e r a te s co m p u te r ; m a k e s adju stm en ts to co m p u te r to c o r r e c t op e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l co n d itio n s ; re v ie w s e r r o r s m ade du rin g o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s c a u s e o r r e fe r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m ain tain s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s . M ay te s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
program .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p e r a t o r s a re c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . O p erates indepen d en tly, o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly te s te d
and in trod u ced ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e o f c r it i c a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e dow ntim e;
the p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e sig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a
w ork in g know ledge o f the total p r o g r a m , and a ltern ate p r o g r a m s m ay not be a v a ila b le . M ay
give d ir e c t io n and guidance to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B. O p erates in depen d en tly, o r under o n ly g e n e ra l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d
p rod u ction ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th ere is little o r no te stin g




o f new p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a ltern a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p ro g ra m needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d within a r e a s o n a b le t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r situ a ­
tio n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and tak es c o r r e c t i v e a ctio n . T h is u su ally in v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r u sin g standard c o r r e c t i o n tech n iq u es .
OR
O p e ra te s u nd er d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r seg m en ts o f p r o g r a m s
with the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M ay a s s is t a h ig h er le v e l o p e r a to r by in d e ­
pendently p e r fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt task s fo llo w in g
d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s and with fre q u en t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W orks on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p ected to d e v e lo p
w ork ing k n ow led ge o f the c o m p u te r equ ipm en t u sed and a b ility to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in
running rou tin e p r o g r a m s . U sually has r e c e iv e d s om e fo rm a l tra in in g in com p u ter o p e r a tio n .
M ay a s s is t h igh e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a s y s te m s an a lyst, into
a seq u en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s w hich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data
p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t. W orking fr o m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in ­
s tr u c tio n s w h ich , when e n te r e d into the c o m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d lan gu ag e, c a u s e the m an ipu lation

28
COM PU TER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s kn ow ledge o f
co m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je ct m a tte r
in v o lv e d to a n a lyze c h a r ts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m e d ; d e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m ste p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s th es e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s tru ctio n s f o r m a ch in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tru ctio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e r s o n n e l du rin g p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s
p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e f fic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m ain tain s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g ra m in g should be c la s s i f ie d as s y s te m s an a lysts i f th is is the s k ill used to d e te r m in e th e ir p a y.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific
a n d /o r e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W orks in depen d en tly o r u nd er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on q o m p le x p r o b le m s w hich
r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a se s o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s . W orking fr o m d ia ­
g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ich id e n tify the nature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s betw een v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
plans the fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m in g a c tio n s needed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the co m p u te r sy s te m
in a ch ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c t s .
A t th is l e v e l, p r o g r a m in g i s d iffic u lt b e c a u s e co m p u te r equipm ent m u s t be o r g a n iz e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u cts fr o m n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w ide v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m ber o f in tern al p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
such a ction s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e ra tio n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , e sta b lish m e n t o f
lin k age p oin ts be tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , adju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d
c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c it y , and su bstantial m an ipu lation and re s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts
to fo r m a h igh ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.
C la s s B .
W orks in depen d en tly o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e la tiv e ly s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su a lly
p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d se q u e n ce s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o rts
and lis tin g s a r e p r o d u c e d by r e fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m aking m in o r add ition s to o r
d e le tio n s f r o m input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data h ave b e e n r e fin e d in p r io r a ctio n s so that the a c c u r a c y and seq u en cin g
o f data can be t e s te d by u sin g a fe w routin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls with
rou tin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g type o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W orks on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) und er c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h igh e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r by indepen d en tly p e r ­
fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u nd er fa ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M ay guide o r in s tru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la s s C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p ts u su a lly
le a r n e d in fo r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the
a p p lica tion o f standard p r o c e d u r e s to rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new
a s p e c ts o f f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n ce with
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
com puter

Sy s t e m s a n a l y s t , b u s i n e s s

A n a ly ze s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r so lv in g them by u se o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equipm ent. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a t io n s n eed ed to enable
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l co m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ;
A n a ly ze s s u b je c t-m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s co n d itio n s and c r it e r i a re q u ir e d
t o a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n um ber and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f il e s , and d o cu m e n ts to
be u s e d ; o u tlin es a c tio n s to be p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and co m p u te r s in su ffic ie n t d etail fo r
p r e s e n ta tio n t o m a n agem en t and fo r p r o g r a m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f w o rk and
data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s and p a r ticip a te s in t r ia l runs o f
new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s : and r e c o m m e n d s equipm ent ch an ges to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll
o p e r a tio n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m in g should be c l a s ­
s ifie d as s y s te m s an a lysts i f th is i s the s k ill u se d to d e te r m in e th e ir pay.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n
o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s an a lysts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d with
s c ie n tific o r e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s a n a lysts a r e c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W orks in depen d en tly o r under o n ly g e n e ra l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in ­
v o lv in g all p h a se s o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e ca u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f
input data and m u ltip le -u s e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f output data. (F o r ex a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in tegra ted
p r o d u c tio n s ch e d u lin g , in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and sa le s a n a ly sis r e c o r d in w hich




C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U SIN E SS— C o n t in u e d

e v e r y ite m o f e a ch type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p ro p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia ted by the com p u ter.) 'C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to
d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a ­
tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a t io n s . M akes re c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tion s o r ch an ges and fo r obtaining equ ipm en t.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l
a s s is t.

d ir e c t io n to lo w e r

le v e l s y s t e m s a n a lysts w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to

C la s s _ B .
W orks in depen d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a re
r e la tiv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , plan , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d
c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data a r e h om og en eou s and the output data a r e c lo s e l y
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m ain tain in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n ts in a bank,
m a in tain in g a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to r y a ccou n ts
in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the
data p r o c e s s in g s y s t e m s to be ap p lied .
OR
W orks on a se g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d f o r
c la s s A . W orks in depen d en tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and gu idan ce
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts .
W ork is re v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d gm en t, c o m p lia n c e with
in s t r u c t io n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r alin em en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W orks u nd er im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lica tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s t e m s a n a lyst by p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d
by p r o g r a m e r s fr o m in fo r m a tio n d ev e lo p e d by the h ig h er le v e l a n a ly st.
D R A F TSM A N
C la s s A . P lan s the g ra p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s having d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n
fe a tu r e s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W orks in c lo s e sup­
p o r t w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n ch a n g e s . A n a ly ze s the
e ffe c t o f e a ch ch an ge on the d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
ponen ts and p a r t s .
W orks w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p leted w ork is
r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r en g in e e r in g d e te r m in a tio n s . M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s, o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a tio n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a fts m e n .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e the a p p li­
ca tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd iz e d draw in g tech n iq u es r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D uties t y p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e su ch w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w ork in g d raw in gs o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh a p es,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c is e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s betw een com p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
te c tu r a l d raw in gs f o r c o n s t r u c tio n o f a buildin g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in gs o f fou n d ation s, w all
s e c t io n s , f lo o r p la n s , and r o o f. U ses a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and m an u a ls in m aking n e c e s s a r y
com p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e qua n tities o f m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tren g th s ,
s tr e s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk is c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ica l ad eq u acy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il draw in gs o f s in g le units o r p a rts f o r en g in e e r in g , co n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T yp es o f d raw in gs p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ictin g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c la r i f y p o s itio n in g o f
c o m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a nu m ber o f s o u r c e s
and ad ju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . S u g gested m eth od s o f a p p roa ch , a p p lica b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv en w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In stru ction s
a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m en ts r e c u r .
W ork m a y be s p o t -c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s plans and d raw in gs p r e p a r e d by o th e r s by p la cin g t r a c in g cloth o r p a p e r o v e r
d raw in gs and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not in clu d e t r a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily
c o n s is tin g o f stra igh t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r re p e titiv e d raw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e l y s u p e r v is e d

E L E C T R O N IC S TECH N ICIAN
W orks on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equipm ent and re la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one
o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g, m ain tain in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g ,
m o d ify in g , c o n s tr u c tin g , and te s tin g . W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n o f te c h n ica l k n ow ledge
o f e l e c t r o n ic s p r in c ip le s , a b ility t o d e te r m in e m a lfu n ctio n s , and s k ill to put equ ipm en t in r e q u ir e d
o p e ra tin g co n d itio n .

29
E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N — C o n t in u e d

E L E C T R O N IC S

T he equipm ent— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m an y d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u it s o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n
o f the sa m e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d t o , the fo llo w in g : (a) E le c t r o n ic t r a n s ­
m ittin g and r e c e iv in g equipm ent ( e .g ., r a d a r , r a d io , t e le v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v igation al
a id s ), (b) d ig ita l and ana log c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l m e a s u r in g and c o n tr o llin g
equipm ent.
T h is c la s s if ic a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir m e n o f s u ch stan dard e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t as c o m m o n
o f fi c e m a c h in e s and h ou se h o ld ra d io and t e le v is io n s e t s ; p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k ­
e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic t e s t in s tru m e n ts ; te c h n icia n s w ho have a d m in is ­
tr a tiv e o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a fts m e n , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s a r e c la s s i f ie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . A p p lie s ad va n ced te c h n ica l k n ow ledge to s o lv e u nu su ally c o m p le x p r o b le m s
( i . e ., th o s e that t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anua ls o r
s im ila r d ocu m en ts ) in w ork in g on e le c t r o n ic e qu ip m en t. E x a m p le s o f such p r o b le m s in clu d e
lo c a tio n and d en s ity o f c ir c u i t r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n ctio n s , and
freq u en t e n g in e e rin g c h a n g e s . W ork in v o lv e s : A d e ta ile d und erstand ing o f the in t e r r e la t io n ­
sh ip s o f c ir c u i t s ; e x e r c is in g independent ju dgm en t in p e r fo r m in g such ta s k s as m aking c ir c u it
a n a ly s e s , ca lcu la tin g w ave f o r m s , t r a c in g r e la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using
c o m p le x t e s t in stru m e n ts ( e .g ., dual t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q -m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u lse
g e n e r a t o r s ).
W ork m a y be re v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l
c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t ic e s . M ay p r o v id e te c h n ica l g u id an ce to lo w e r le v e l te c h n icia n s .
C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ica l k n ow ledge to s o lv e c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i. e .,
th ose that t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te rp re tin g m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anua ls o r
s im ila r d ocu m en ts ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t. W ork in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y with
the in t e rr e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; and ju dgm en t in d e te rm in in g w o rk s e q u e n ce and in s e le c t in g
t o o ls and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts , u su a lly l e s s c o m p le x than th o s e u s e d by the c la s s A te c h n icia n .

T E C H N I C I A N — C o n t in u e d

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l g u id a n ce , as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er le v e l te ch n icia n ,
and w o rk is re v ie w e d f o r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s and w ork a s sig n m en ts.
M ay p r o v id e te c h n ic a l g u id an ce to lo w e r le v e l t e c h n icia n s .
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n ow ledge to p e r f o r m s im p le o r routine task s in
w ork in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s w hich c o v e r v ir tu a lly a ll
procedu res.
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such ta sk s a s : A s s is t in g h igh er le v e l tech n icia n s by
p e r fo r m in g su ch a c t iv it ie s as r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n ts , w irin g c ir c u it s , and taking test rea d in g s ;
r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c t r o n ic equ ipm en t; and u sin g t o o ls and c o m m o n te s t in stru m en ts (e .g .,
m u ltim e t e r s , aud io sign a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c il l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not re q u ir e d to be
f a m ilia r w ith the in t e rr e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u i t s . T h is k n ow led ge, h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ir e d
through a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to in c r e a s e c o m p e te n c e (in clu d in g c la s s r o o m training) s o that
w o r k e r can a d va n ce to h ig h e r le v e l te c h n icia n .
R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce , as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er le v e l te c h n icia n .
W ork is t y p ic a lly spot c h e c k e d , but is g iv en d e ta ile d r e v ie w when new o r adva n ced a ssig n m en ts
a r e in v o lv e d .

NURSE, IN D U STR IAL (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rs e who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u nd er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c tio n to i ll o r
in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e ill o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iving f ir s t aid
to the i l l o r in ju re d ; attending to subsequ ent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keeping r e c o r d s
o f p atients tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r co m p e n s a tio n o r oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and health eva lu a tion s o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g health e d u ca tion , a c c id e n t p re v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant en viron m en t,
o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the health, w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l. N ursing s u p e r v is o r s
o r head n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one n u rs e a r e e x clu d ed .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E

FIR E M A N , ST A T IO N A R Y B O ILE R

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m ain tain in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild ­
ing w ood w ork and equ ipm en t su ch as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s ,
s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w ood in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
Planning and la y in g out o f w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ; usin g a
v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and stan dard m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; m a k ­
ing standard shop com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; and s e le ctin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r the w o rk .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain te n a n ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F ir e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn is h the e sta b lish m en t in w hich em p lo y e d with heat, p o w e r ,
o r ste a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e by hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w ater and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o i l, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m equ ipm en t.

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN TE N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n ctio n s such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n ce , o r
r e p a ir o f equ ipm en t f o r the g e n e r a tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c ­
t r ic a l equipm ent such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , h eatin g u n its, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y ou ts, o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo ca tin g and dia gn o sin g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l
s y s te m o r equ ipm en t; w o rk in g standard com p u ta tion s re la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w irin g o r
e l e c t r i c a l equ ip m en t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c ia n 's h an dtools and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g
in s tru m en ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

EN G IN E ER, ST A T IO N A R Y
O p era tes and m ain tain s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f s ta tio n a r y e n gin es and
equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l) to supply the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
heat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s : O p eratin g and m ain tain in g equipm ent
such as steam e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , ven tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
era tin g equ ipm en t, steam b o i le r s and b o i le r - f e d w a ter p u m ps; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and
keepin g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a t u r e , and fuel co n su m p tio n . M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .




H E L P E R , M A IN TE N A N C E TR AD ES
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten a n ce t r a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o rk e r su p p lied with m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ;
cle a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and equ ipm en t; a s s is tin g jou rn ey m a n by holding m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta sk s as d ir e c t e d by jou rn ey m a n .
The kind o f w ork the
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e : In so m e tra d es the h e lp e r is con fin ed
to su pplyin g, liftin g , and h oldin g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls , and clea n in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in o th e r s
he is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll- t im e b a s is .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a tio n o f on e o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a ch in e t o o ls , such as jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , en gine la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u ir in g co m p lic a te d setups o r
a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; usin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in stru m en ts; s e le ctin g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n se q u e n c e ; and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts during op e r a tio n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e when t o o ls need
d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and die jo b b in g
shops a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .
M AC H IN IST, M A IN TE N A N C E
P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a rts o f m ec h a n ic a l
equipm ent o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten
in s tru ctio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and layin g out o f w o rk ; usin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's

30
M A C H IN IST, M A IN TE N A N C E — Con tinued

P A IN T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E

h an dtools and p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; setting up and op e ra tin g standard m a ch in e t o o ls ;
shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking standard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to d im e n ­
s ion s o f w o rk , to o lin g , f e e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a ch in in g ; k n ow ledge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
the c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d f o r his w ork ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l e qu ip m en t. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t 's w ork
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ iva le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P aints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s
the f o llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a ­
tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r painting by re m o v in g o ld fin ish o r by p la c in g putty o r f il l e r in nail
h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; and app lyin g paint with s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i ls , w hite
le a d , and o th e r paint in g r e d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m a in te n a n ce p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E

M EC H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a intena nce)
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m ost_of_th e_ fo U o w in g: E x am in in g a u tom otiv e equipm ent to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f such h an d tools as w re n ch e s ,
g a g e s , d r i ll s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r
d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and adju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the v a r io u s
a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts; and alin ing w h e e ls , adju stin g b ra k e s
and lig h ts , o r tig h ten in g b o d y b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u tom otiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s if ic a t io n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s who r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au to­
m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s .

M EC H A N IC , M A IN TE N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o llo w in g ; E x am in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t to dia gn o se s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ;
d ism a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d ism a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use
o f h an dtools in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s obtain ed
fr o m sto ck ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f the
m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f p a rts o r d e r e d f r o m m a ch in e shop; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m ain ten an ce m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if ic a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o se p r im a r y duties
in v o lv e settin g up o r ad ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M ILLW R IG H T
In s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y eq u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h eavy
equ ipm en t w hen ch a n g e s in th e plant layou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lann ing and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie ty
o f han dtools and r ig g in g ; m ak in g stan dard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f
m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v ity ; alin in g and ba la n cin g o f equipm ent; s e le c t in g standard t o o ls ,
equ ipm en t, and p a rts t o be u se d ; and in s ta llin g and m a in tain in g in go o d o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n
equipm ent s u ch as d r iv e s and sp e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s
a rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r, stea m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p es o f p ipe and p ip efittin g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a ying out o f w o rk and m e a s u r in g to lo ca te
p o s itio n o f pipe fr o m d ra w in gs o r o th e r w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to
c o r r e c t lengths with c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th read in g
pipe w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; bending p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
pipe with co u p lin g s and fa ste n in g p ipe to h a n g e rs ; m aking stan dard sh op com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f p ipe r e q u ir e d ; and m aking stan dard t e s t s to d e te r m in e w h eth er fin ­
is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fitte r r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily en gaged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g building san itation
o r heating s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R, M AIN TE N A N C E
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t -m e t a l equipm ent and fix tu r e s
(su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e pan s, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila to r s , c h u te s , d u c ts , m e ta l
r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Plann ing and laying out a ll
ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; settin g
up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l w ork in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f han dtools
in cu tting, bend ing, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g, and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t -m e t a l a r t ic le s
as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t train in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L AND DIE M A K E R
C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s ,
pun ch ing, and o th e r m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : Planning and
layin g out o f w o rk fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , o r oth er o r a l and w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie t y o f t o o l and die m a k e r 's han dtools and p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in s tru m en ts ; u n d er­
standing o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g o f
m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d equipm ent; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t -t r e a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts during fa b r ic a t io n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p ro p ria te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r 's w ork r e q u ir e s a rounded
tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren tices h ip
o r equ iva le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s ,
shops a re e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

t o o l and die m a k e r s in t o o l

and die jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AN D W ATCH M EN
G uard. P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e du ties, e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m aintain ing o r d e r ,
usin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y . In clu d es gatem en w ho a r e station ed at gate and ch e ck
on id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W atchm an. M ak es rou n ds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r t y a gain st f i r e ,
th eft, and ille g a l en try.

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H ANDLING
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r oth er esta b lish m en t
w h o se duties in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L oa din g and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fre ig h t c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h elv in g ,
o r p la cin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo ca tio n ; and tr a n s p o rtin g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e by h an d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r ro w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d and unload sh ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
O R D ER F IL L E R
C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , apa rtm en t h o u se , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : S w eeping, m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f lo o r s ; re m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r r e fu s e ; dusting equ ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l f ix ­
tu r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lie s and m in o r m ain te n a n ce s e r v ic e s ; and cle a n in g l a v a t o r ie s ,
s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashin g are e x clu d e d .




F ills shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
an ce with s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r oth er in s t r u c t io n s . M ay, in add ition
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoin g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s itio n a dd ition al s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r re la te d d u tie s .

31
P A C K E R , SH IPPIN G

TR U C K D R IV E R — C ontinued

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts f o r sh ipm en t o r s to r a g e by p la cin g them in shipping c o n ­
t a in e r s , the s p e c i fi c o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g depen dent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and nu m ber
o f units to be p a ck ed , the type o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f sh ipm en t. W ork r e q u ir e s
the p la c in g o f ite m s in shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
K now ledge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p r ia te type
and s iz e o f co n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r ; usin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to
p rev en t b rea k a g e o r dam age; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ta in e r ; and applying la b e ls o r en te rin g
id en tifyin g data on c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s who a ls o m ak e w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by s iz e and type o f equipm ent, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a i le r should be ra ted on the b a s is o f t r a il e r c a p a c ity .)
T r u c k d r iv e r
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

(co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d sep a r a te ly )
ligh t (under IV 2 ton s)
m e d iu m (1 V2 to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a il e r type)
h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r than t r a il e r type)

SH IPPIN G AND RE C E IV IN G C L E R K
T R U C K E R , PO W ER
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ipm en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in co m in g sh ip ­
m en ts o f m e r ch a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A kn ow ledge o f shipping p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and r a te s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f the g ood s sh ipped, m aking up b ills o f lad in g, p o stin g w eigh t and shipping c h a r g e s , and keepin g
a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e r ch a n d is e f o r shipm ent.
R e c e iv in g w ork in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ipm en ts
a g ain st b ills o f lading, in v o ic e s , o r o th er r e c o r d s ; c h e ck in g f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m ­
aged g o o d s ; routin g m e r ch a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m ain tain in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and f il e s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d a s fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
TR U C K D R IV E R
D riv e s a tru ck w ithin a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e ,
equ ipm en t, o r m en betw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f e sta b lis h m e n ts such a s : M an ufacturin g plan ts, fre ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een re ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a ls o load o r u nload tr u c k with o r without h e lp e r s ,
m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tr u c k in go o d w ork in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t
g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f all kinds about a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, o r o th e r establish m en t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by type o f t r u c k , as fo llo w s :
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift)

W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie ty o f w a reh ou sin g duties w hich r e q u ir e an und erstand ing
o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to r a g e p la n . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls
(o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g ain st r e c e iv in g d o c u m e n ts , noting and re p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and o b v iou s
d a m a g e s ; routin g m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; sto r in g , s ta ck in g , o r p a lle tiz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m e th o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and taking in v e n to r y o f
s to r e d m a t e r ia ls ; exam in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e p o r tin g d e te r io r a t io n and dam age; r e m ov in g
m a t e r ia l fr o m s to r a g e and p r e p a r in g it f o r sh ipm en t.
M ay o p e r a te hand o r p ow er tr u c k s in
p e r fo r m in g w a re h o u sin g d u tie s.
E x clu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y d u ties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w ork (s e e shipping
and r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r , sh ippin g), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r op era tin g p ow er
tr u c k s (s e e t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----The follow in g a re a s a re su rvey ed p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in ad m in isterin g the S e r v ice C on tract A ct o f 1965.
w ill be ava ila b le at no c o s t w hile su pplies la st fr o m any o f the BLS re g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the ba ck c o v e r .
A la m o g o rd o —
Las C r u c e s , N. M ex.
A laska
A lban y, Ga.
A m a r illo , T ex .
A tlantic C ity, N .J.
Augusta, Ga,— C.
S.
B a k e rs fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, La.
B ilo x i, G ulfp ort, and P a s ca g o u la , M iss.
B r id g e p o r t, N orw alk, and S tam ford, Conn.
C edar R a p id s, Iowa
Cham paign—U rbana, 111.
C h a rleston , S.C.
C la r k s v ille , T en n ., and H op k in sv ille, Ky.
C olora d o S p rin gs, C olo.
C olu m bia , S.C.
C olum bu s , Ga —A la .
C orpu s C h risti, T ex .
C ran e, Ind.
Dothan, A la.
Duluth— perior , M inn.—W is.
Su
E l P a s o , T ex .
Eugene— p rin g field , O reg .
S
F a rg o— oorh ea d , N. Dak.—
M
Minn.
F a y e tte v ille , N. C.
F itch bu rg — e o m in s te r , M a ss.
L
F r e d e r ic k — agerstow n , M d —Pa.—
H
W. Va.
F r e s n o , C alif.
Grand F o r k s , N. Dak.
Grand Island— a stin g s, N eb r.
H
G reen b oro— inston Salem —
W
High P oin t, N .C.
H a r r isb u r g , Pa.
K n ox ville, Tenn.

C opies o f pu blic r e le a s e s a r e or

L a r e d o , T ex .
Las V e g a s, N ev.
L ow er E a stern S h ore, M d —Va.
M a con , Ga.
M arqu ette, E sca n a ba , Sault Ste.
M a r ie , M ich .
M elbou rn e— itu s v ille — o c o a , F la.
T
C
(B re v a rd C o.)
M erid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, O cean, and S om e rs e t
C o s ., N.J.
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a co la , F la .
M on tgom ery , A la.
N a sh ville, Tenn.
N orth eastern M aine
N orw ich — roton—
G
New London, Conn.
O gden, Utah
O rla n do, F la.
Oxnard—
Sim i V alley — entura, C a lif.
V
Panama C ity, F la.
P ortsm ou th , N.H.— aine— a s s .
M
M
P u eb lo, C olo.
R en o, N ev.
S a cra m en to, C a lif.
Santa B arbara—
Santa M aria— o m p o c , C a lif.
L
Sherm an— enison , T ex .
D
S h rev ep ort, La.
Sp rin gfield— h icop ee— o ly o k e , M a s s _Conn.
C
H
T opeka, Kans.
T u cs o n , A r iz .
V a lle jo — a irfie ld — apa, C a lif.
F
N
W ilm in gton, D el.— .J —Md.
N
Yum a, A r iz .

R ep orts fo r the follow in g su rvey s condu cted in the p r io r year but sin ce discon tin u ed are a lso ava ila b le:
A lpena, Standish, and Taw as City, M ich.
A s h e v ille , N.C.
A u stin , T e x .*
F o rt Sm ith, A r k —Okla.
G reat F a lls , M ont.
* Expanded to an area w age su rvey in fis c a l year 1973.

L ex in g ton , K y . *
Pine B luff, A rk .
Stockton, C alif.
T a co m a , W ash.
W ichita F a lls , T e x .
See in side b a ck c o v e r .

The tw elfth annual r e p o rt on s a la r ie s fo r a ccou n ta n ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f a ccou n ta n ts, a ttorn ey s, jo b a n a ly sts, d ir e c to r s o f p e rso n n e l, b u y e rs , c h e m ists,
e n g in eers, en gin eerin g te c h n ic ia n s , d ra ftsm en , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s . O rder as BLS Bulletin 1742, N ational Survey of P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in istra tiv e,
T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a c o p y , fr o m any of the BLS reg ion a l sa les o ffic e s shown on the ba ck c o v e r , or fr o m the
Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overnm ent Printing O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.




☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1972— 746-1 8 8 / 5 7

A r e a W a g e S u rveys
A lis t o f the la test available bu lletin s is p resen ted below . A d ir e c to r y o f a rea w age studies including m o r e lim ited studies conducted at the
requ est o f the E m ploym ent Standards A dm in istra tion o f the D epartm ent o f L ab or is available on req u est. B ulletins m ay be pu rch ased from any o f the BLS
reg ion a l sa les o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fr o m the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overnm ent P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.
Area
Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1-------------- -----------------------------------Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N .Y ., Mar. 1972----------------Albuquerque, N. M ex., Mar. 1972 1-------------------------------Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— .J., May 1972 1 __
N
Atlanta, G a., May 1972 1_______ __________________________
Austin, Tex., Dec. 1972 * (to be surveyed)
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1971___________________________ _ _
Beaumont—
Port Arthui—Orange, Tex., May 1972---------Binghamton, N .Y ., July 1972____________________________
Birmingham, A la., Mar. 1972_____ __________ _
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1971------------------------------------------Boston, M a ss., Aug. 1972 1______________________________
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1971_________________________________
Burlington, V t., Dec. 1971______________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1972 1________________________________
Charleston, W. V a ., Mar. 1972 1 ------------------------------------Charlotte, N .C ., Jan. 1972 1 ---------- ---------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.— a ., Sept. 1972 1 ------------------------- --G
Chicago, 111., June 1972__________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohicr-Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1972___________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1972 1------------------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1971----------------------------------------------Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1971---------------------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island-Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1972 1__
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1971 1 —_____________________________
Denver, C olo., Dec. 1971 1______________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1972 1 __________________________
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1972_______________________________
Durham, N .C ., Apr. 1972 1______________________________
Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm
Beach, F la., Apr. 1972 1_______________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1972 1-----------------------------------------Green Bay, W is., July 1972 1— — ----------------------------------Greenville, S .C ., May 1972______________________________
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1972__________________ ___ __________
Huntsville, A la., Feb. 1972 1 ____________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1971__ __________________________
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1972_______________________________
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1971___________________________
Kansas City, M o.-K an s., Sept. 1971------------------------------Lawrence-Haverhill, M ass.— .H ., June 1972 1------------N
Lexington, K y., Nov. 1972 1 (to be surveyed)
Little Rock-North Little Rock, A rk., July 1972 1---------Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A n aGarden Grove, C alif., Mar. 1972---------------------------------Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1971 1----------- ------------------------Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1972 1--------------------------------------------Manchester, N.H., July 1972 1 ________________ _________
Memphis, Tenn.— rk ., Nov. 1971 1 _____________________
A
Miami, F la., Nov. 1971__________________________________
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1972 1 _________________
l

B ulletin num ber
and p r ic e
1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1725-87,
1725-77,

40
30
35
35
45

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-16,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1725-58,
1725-27,
1775-13,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1725-56,
1775-15,
1725-19,
1725-26,
1725-55,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

35
30
45
30
30
75
45
25
35
35
35
55
70
35
75
30
35
35
35
35
35
40
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-74,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725-18,
1725-81,

35 cents
55
30
35
35
30
30
30
35
35

1775-2,

55 cents

1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1775-8,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,

45
35
35
55
35
30
30

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Area
Milwaukee, W is., May 1972 1_____________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1 -----------------------Muskegon-Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1972 1 --------Newark and Jersey City, N .J., Jan. 1 9 7 2 * ______________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1-------------------------- — ----------New Orleans, La., Jan. 1972---------------------------- — _______
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 1972 1______________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, V a., Jan. 1972—
............... Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1972_________—________ —
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1971 1-------------------------------------Pater son—
Cliftoir-Passaic, N.J., June 1972 1 __________
Philadelphia, Pa.— .J., Nov. 1971 1 -------------------------------N
Phoenix, A r iz ., June 1972 1-------------------------— ----------------Pittsburgh, P a., Jan. 1972----------- — --------- — —
-----------Portland, Maine, Nov. 1971 1_____________________________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1972 1 -------------------------------Poughkeepsie~Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .,
June 1972 1 _______________________________________________
Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.—M a ss.,
Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1972--------------------------------------- —-----—
Richmond, V a., Mar. 1972 1 ______________________________
Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.,
Dec. 1971_________________________________________________
Rochester, N .Y. (office occupations only), July 1972___
Rockford, 111., June 1972 1 _______________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1972______ ________________ ___
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1971_________________________
San Antonio, T ex., May 1972_____________ __ _____________
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1971 1____________________________
San Francisco—
^Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1971 1 ____________
San Jose, C alif., Mar. 1972__________________________ ____
Savannah, Ga., May 1972 1 ------------------- —------------------------Scranton, P a ., July 1972 --------------------------------. . . . . ------------Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jem. 1972-------- —................ — . . . .
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1971------------ ______------------------South Bend, Irtd., May 1972 1 -------------------------------------------Spokane, Wash., June 1972 1----------------- ----------------------- --Syracuse, N .Y ., July 1972-------------------------------------------------Tampa—
St. Petersburg, F la., Aug. 1972---------- ----------- --Toledo, O hio-M ich., Apr. 1972 1 -------------------------------------Trenton, N .J., Sept. 1972 1______ ______ ____________ ____
Utica—
Rome, N .Y ., July 1972-------------------------------------------Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a ., Mar. 1972 1 ------------------------V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1972 1 _________________ __ ______
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971_______________________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1972 1----------------------------------------------W orcester, M a ss., May 1972 1___________________________
York, P a., Feb. 1972 * ___________________________________
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1971 1 --------------------------

Bulletin num ber
and p r ic e
1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

45
50
35
50
35
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-42,
1775-6,
1725-13,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1725-94,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1725-89,

30
45
35
40
50
55
40
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1775-7,
1725-72,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents

1725-43,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1725-24,
1725-67,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1775-10,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1725-78.
1775-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1725-53,
1725-20,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1725-51,

30
45
35
35
30
30
35
50
30
35
45
30
25
35
35
45
45
35
55
45
70
35
30
35
35
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

FIRST

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

CLASS

M A IL

BUREAU OF LA BO R S T A T IS T IC S
W A S H IN G TO N , D C 20212
O F F IC IA L BU SIN E S S
PE NALTY FOR P R IV ATE USE $300

PO STAGE AN D FEES PA ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
lab

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T IC S R E G IO N A L OFFICES
R e g io n I
1603 JF K F e d e ra l B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
B o sto n , M ass. 02203
P h one: 223-6761 (A rea C ode 617)
C o n n e c tic u t
M aine
M a ssa ch u se tts
N ew H a m p sh ire
Rhode Is la n d
V e rm o n t

R e g io n II
1515 B ro a d w a y
N ew Y o rk, N Y. 10036
P h one: 971-5405 (A rea C ode 212)
New J e rs e y
N ew Y o rk
P u erto R ico
V irg in Is la n d s

R e g io n III
406 Penn S q uare B u ild in g
1317 F ilb e rt St
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa 19107
P hone: 597-7796 (A rea C ode 215)
D elaw are
D is tric t of C o lu m b ia
M a ryland
P e n n sylva n ia
V irg in ia
W est V irg in ia

R e g io n IV
S u ite 540
1371 P e a c h tre e St. N E
A tla n ta , Ga 30309
P hone: 526-5418 (A rea C ode 404)
A la b a m a
F lo rid a
G e o rg ia
K e n tu c k y
M is s is s ip p i
N o rth C a ro lin a
S o uth C a ro lin a
Ten nessee

R e g io n V
8th F lo o r, 300 S o uth W a n ke r D rive
C h ic a g o , III. 60606
P hone: 353-1880 (A rea C o de 312)

R e g io n VI
1100 C o m m e rc e St. Rm. 6B7
D a lla s , Tex. 75202
P hone: 749-3516 (A rea C ode 214)
A rk a n s a s
L o u is ia n a
N ew M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
Texas

R e gion s V II and V III
F ederal O ffic e B u ild in g
911 W aln ut St., 10th F lo o r
Kansas C ity , Mo. 64106
P hone: 374-2481 (A rea C ode 816)
V II
V III
Iow a
C o lo ra d o
Kansas
M o n ta n a
M is s o u ri
N o rth D a kota
N e bra ska
S o uth D a kota
Utah
W y om ing

R e gion s IX and X
450 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
Box 36017
San F ra n c is c o . C a lif 94102
P hone: 556-4678 (Area C ode 415)
IX
X
A laska
A riz o n a
Id a h o
C a lifo rn ia
O reg on
H a w aii
W a s h in g to n
N evada

Illin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e so ta

Ohio

W is c o n s in




-441

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