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AREA W A G E SURVEY
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1 9 7 3

B u lle tin 1775 6 4




U S. D EPA R TM EN T OF LABOR
of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h i s b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f an A p r i l 1973 s u r v e y of o c c u p a tio n a l
e a r n i n g s in t h e F o r t L a u d e r d a l e - H o l l y w o o d a n d W e s t P a l m B e a c h , F l o r i d a ,
S ta n d a rd M etro p o litan S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s (B r o w a rd and P a lm B e a c h C ou n ties).
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e a s p a r t of the B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s ' an n ual a r e a
w age su rv ey p ro g ram .
T h e p r o g r a m is d e sig n e d to y ie ld d a ta fo r in d iv id u al
m e tro p o lita n a r e a s , a s w ell a s n ation al and re g io n a l e s tim a te s fo r a ll S ta n d a rd
M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a s in th e U n it e d S t a t e s , e x c l u d i n g A l a s k a a n d H a w a i i, (a s d e fin e d
b y th e U .S . O ffic e of M a n a g e m e n t an d B u d g e t th r o u g h N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m i s th e n e e d to
d e s c r i b e the le v e l an d m o v e m e n t of w a g e s in a v a r i e t y of l a b o r m a r k e t s , th r o u g h
t h e a n a l y s i s o f (1 ) t h e l e v e l a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , a n d (2 ) t h e
m o v em en t of w a g e s by o ccu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and sk ill le v e l.
The program de­
v e lo p s in fo r m a tio n th at m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in c lu d in g w a g e an d s a l a r y
a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , a n d a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t l o c a t i o n .
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a l s o a r e u s e d b y the U .S . D e p a rtm e n t of L a b o r to m a k e w age
d e te r m in a tio n s u n der the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t of 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 9 6 a r e a s a r e i n c l u d e d i n t h e p r o g r a m . ( S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on
in sid e b ack c o v e r.)
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a lly . In f o r m a t io n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e ­
f i t s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y s e c o n d y e a r in th e p a s t , i s now o b ta in e d e v e r y t h ir d y e a r .
E ach y e ar after all
tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e
m e tro p o lita n a r e a su rv e y e d .
re g io n al e s t im a t e s , p r o je c te d

in d iv id u al a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h av e b een co m p le te d ,
issu ed .
T h e f ir s t b r in g s to g e th e r d ata fo r each
T h e se c o n d s u m m a r y b u lletin p r e s e n t s n atio n al and
fr o m in d iv id u al m e tr o p o lita n a r e a d a ta .

Th e F o r t L a u d erd a le -H o lly w o o d and W est P a lm B e a c h
survey w as
c o n d u c ted b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f ic e in A t la n t a , G a . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l
■ d ire ctio n o f D o n a ld M . C r u s e , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t i o n s . T h e
s u r v e y c o u ld n o t h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t th e c o o p e r a t i o n o f t h e m a n y f i r m s
w h o se w a g e and s a l a r y d a ta p ro v id e d the b a s i s fo r the s t a t i s t i c a l in fo rm atio n
in t h i s b u l l e t i n .
T h e B u r e a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the
co o p eratio n re c e iv e d .

AR EA W A G E SU R VEY

Bulletin 1775-64

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary

J u ly 1 9 7 3

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTIC S, Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner

Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and W est Palm Beach, Florida,
M etropolitan Areas, April 1973
CONTENTS
Page
2 In tro d u c tio n
5 W age tre n d s fo r se le c te d o ccu p atio n al g ro u p s

T ab les:
4
7

8
10
11
12

13
15

1.
2.
3.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d
P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e in e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d j u s t e d f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s

A.

6

O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A - l . O ffice o c c u p a tio n s: W eek ly e a r n in g s
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s: W eek ly e a r n in g s
A - 3 . O ffice, p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o ccu p a tio n s: A v e r a g e w eek ly e a r n in g s, by se x
A - 4 . M ain te n an ce and p o w e rp lan t o c c u p a tio n s: H o u rly e a r n in g s
A - 5 . C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o ccu p a tio n s: H o u rly e a r n in g s

A ppendix.




Occupational d e sc riptio n s

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 40 cents domestic postpaid or 30 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

1

In tro d u ctio n
(3) m ain te n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s to d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke ac coun t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in duties w ith in the s a m e job . T h e oc c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the ap pendix.
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic a te d , the
e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c om b in e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
the A - s e r i e s ta b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the occup ation
is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data. E a r n i n g s
data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e includ ed in a l l
in d u s tr i e s c o m b i n e d data, w h e r e shown. L i k e w i s e , data a r e included
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n wh en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not
available.

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h ich the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con duct s s u r v e y s o f oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
on an a r e a w i d e , b a s i s an n u a lly .1 F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a , c o l l e c t e m p l o y m e n t , e a r n i n g s ,
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s , and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s i n f o r m a t i o n e v e r y th ir d
year.
In each o f the i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d b y m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e s f r o m e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . T h i s b u l l e ti n p r e s e n t s the r e s u l t s
o f the l a t t e r typ e s u r v e y .
In e ach a r e a , data a r e ob ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a ti o n , and o t h e r pub li c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
i n d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e stu die s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s tr i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y te nd to f u r n i s h in s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c up atio ns studied
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e ta b ula tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r eac h o f
the b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th os e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule.
E a r n i n g s data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and late s hif ts . N o n p r o d u c ti o n bon u s es a r e e x ­
cluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n in g s a r e i n ­
cluded. W h e r e w e e k l y hours a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s ta n dard w o r k w e e k (rou n de d to the n e a r e s t
h a l f ho ur ) T o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r an d/or p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e oc c u p a tio n s a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c on du cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s . T h e s a m ­
p l i n g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
w i th i n the s c o p e o f an in d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s tr y and n u m b e r
o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p le is
s e l e c t e d , w ith eac h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v i n g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f
s e l e c t i o n . T o obta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d . W hen data
a r e c o m b i n e d , e ach e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that un bia sed e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no s uit ab le sub stitute is a v a i l a b l e , ad d itio n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and no n m an u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follo w in g types:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d i v i d u a l o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e ch an ge s . T h e a v e r ­
a g e s f o r i n d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y ch an ge s in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m en t p a tte r n s .
F o r exam p le, p ro p ortion s o f w o r k e r s em p lo yed by
h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y chan ge o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p l a c e d b y new w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a te s .
Such s hifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s during
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , shown in ta b le 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than in d i v i d u a l j o b s with in the
g ro u p s.

* Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
are Austin, T ex.; Binghamton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, Fla.; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y. ; Rochester, N .Y . (office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y . ; and Utica—Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . In ­
d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and j o b s ta ffin g , and
thus c o n trib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r each j o b . P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am on g jo b s in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n i n g s




2

3

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tions s h o u ld not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y co n t r ib u te to
d i f f e r e n c e s i n c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ithin e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in ce
o nly the r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f ic du ties w it h in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s .
Job d e s c r i p ­
tions u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than t ho se u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c du ties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
ally surveyed.
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in ed f r o m the s a m p l e




o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e o nly to in d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
t an ce of the j o b s stu died.
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e
do not affe ct m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n i n g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in this
b u lle t i n .
In f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in the p a s t , is no w c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e t ab u la tio n s on
m in im u m entrance s a l a r i e s fo r in e x p e rie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o rk e rs ;
shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w o r k w e e k ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ;
and h ealth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s
t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r this a r e a .




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in F o r t L a u d e r d a le —H o lly w o o d
a n d W e s t P a lm B e a c h , F la .,1 by m a jo r in d u s tr y ,2 A p r il 1 9 7 3
Minimum
em ploym ent
in e s ta b lis h m ents in scope
of study

In dustry d iv isio n

N um ber of establish m en ts

W o rk e rs in esta b lish m en ts
Within scop e of stu d y 4

Within scope
of stu d y 3

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P e rc e n t

559

116

109.052

100

5 7 .2 7 1

50

118
441

32
84

30,670
78,382

28
72

19,444
37,827

50
50
50
50
50

28
26

9
7
32
13
23

11,4 4 5
2, 153
41,0 4 8
9, 484
14,252

10
2

9, 683

38
9
13

19,468
2,239
5 ,7 5 1

T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m un ication , and

S e rv ic e s 6 7 _______ —------ ------------------- —

212
81
94

686

1 The F o r t L a u d erd ale—H ollyw ood and W est P a lm B e a ch Standard M etro po litan S ta tis tic a l A r e a s , as defined by the O ffice o f (M anagem ent
and Budget through N ovem ber 19 7 1, co n sist o f B ro w a rd and P alm B each C o u n ties. The "w o rk e rs within scope o f stu d y" e s tim a te s shown in th is
ta b le p rovid e a rea so n a b ly a c cu ra te d e scrip tio n of the size and com position o f the labo r fo r c e included in the su rv e y . The e s tim a te s a r e not
intended, h o w ev er, to s e rv e as a b a s is of co m p ariso n with oth er em ploym ent in d exes fo r the a r e a to m e a su re em ploym en t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce
(1) planning o f w age su rv e y s re q u ir e s the use of esta b lish m en t data co m piled co n sid e ra b ly in advance o f the p a y ro ll p e rio d studied, and (2) s m a ll
e sta b lish m en ts a r e exclud ed fro m the scope o f the s u rv e y ,
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g esta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 Includes a ll esta b lish m en ts with total em ploym ent at o r above the m inim um lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (within the area) o f co m p an ies in such
in d u s trie s a s tr a d e , fin a n c e, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion p ictu re th e a te rs a re co n sid e re d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu des a ll w o rk e rs in a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith to tal em ploym ent (within the are a) at o r above the m inim um lim itatio n .
5 A b b rev iated to "public u tilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w a te r tran sp o rtatio n w e re exclu d ed .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is re p re se n te d in e s tim a te s fo r "a ll in d u s trie s " and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e rie s A ta b le s . S ep arate p resen tatio n
of data for th is d iv isio n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re of the follow in g re a so n s : (1) E m ploym ent in the d iv isio n is too sm a ll to p rovid e enough
data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sam p le w as not design ed in itia lly to p e rm it se p a ra te p re se n tatio n , (3) re sp o n se w as in su ffic ie n t o r inadaquate
to p e rm it sep a ra te p resen tatio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u re of in d ivid u al esta b lish m en t data.
7 H otels and m o tels: la u n d ries and oth er p e rso n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p arkin g; m otion p ictu re s ;
nonprofit m em b ersh ip o rg an izatio n s (excluding re lig io u s and ch a rita b le o rgan izatio n s); and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

In d u stria l co m po sition in m an u factu rin g
L e s s than o n e-th ird of the w o rk e rs within scope of the s u rv e y in the F o r t L au d erd ale—
H ollywood and W est P a lm B each a r e a s w e re em ployed in m an ufacturin g fir m s . The follow in g
p resen ts the m ajo r in d u stry groups and s p e c ific in d u strie s as a p e rce n t of a ll m an ufacturin g:
In d u stry groups
M ach in ery, ex cep t e le c tr ic a l ...2 6
25
E le c t r ic a l equipm ent and
su pp lies----------------------------- _18
P rin tin g and p ublishing--------- — 9
7

S p e cific in d u stries
O ffice and com puting

22
A ir c r a f t and p a r t s _______ ___ 21
C om m un ication equipm ent ..------9
E le c tro n ic com ponents and
.. _ 7
_
N e w sp ap e rs_____________ ___ 6

T h is in form ation is based on e s tim a te s of to tal em ploym en t d e riv e d fro m u n iv e rse
m a te ria ls com piled p rio r to a ctu a l su rv e y . P ro p o rtio n s in v a rio u s in d u stry d iv isio n s m ay
d iffe r fro m p rop ortion s b a se d on the re s u lts of the s u rv e y as shown in tab le 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t s o f ch an ge in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e i n d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t of w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the
in d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
date o f the index.
T h e p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the in d i c a t e d d a t e s .
A n n u a l r a t e s of i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the amount of i n c r e a s e f o r 12 mo nths w h e n the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s .
These com pu­
tations a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t i o n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a constant
rate betw een s urv e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f ch an ge in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; the y a r e not inten ded to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

T h e i n d e x is a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t of w a g e s in the b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a l u e o f 100 p e r c e n t .
T h e i n d e x is c o m p u t e d by m u l t i ­
p ly i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (the p e r c e n t
c h a n g e p lu s 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the next s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and then c o n ­
tinuing to m u l t i p l y (co m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s index.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu sive of ea rn in g s fo r o vertim e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te sh ift s.
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d key o c c u ­
pa tio n s an d i n c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ithin
each group.

M e t h o d o f C o m p u t in g
E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t io n s w it h in an o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p is a s s i g n e d a cons tan t w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-m achine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Lim itation s of D ata
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e , as m e a s u r e s of ch an ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y in d i v i d u a l
w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n s of w o r k ­
e r s e m p lo y ed by es tab lis h m e n ts with d ifferen t pay le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in
the l a b o r f o r c e ca n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s wi tho ut a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e i v a b l e that ev e n
tho ugh a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y have declined b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y i n g establishm ents entered
the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a g e s m ay have
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y co ns tan t, yet a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y h ave r i s e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e u s e o f c o ns tan t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the effe c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the data .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly ch a n g e s in
a v e ra g e pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h e y a r e not i n f lu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta a r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e an y s i g n i f i c a n t e f fe c t c a u s e d b y
c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a t io n a r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t io n s
in the g r o u p a r e t o t a le d .
The a g g r e g a t e s fo r 2 consecutive y e a r s a re
r e l a t e d b y s u b t r a c t i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r and d i v i d i n g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
gate f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 s h o w s the p e r c e n t
o f ch an ge.




5




T a b le 2 . P e r c e n t s o f in c re a s e in e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s in
F o rt L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B e a c h , Fla., A p ril 1 9 7 2 to A p ril 1 9 7 3
Occupational group

A ll
industries

M anufacturing

6.2

(M

8.2

w
8.1

C)

9.4

1

Data do not m eet publication c r ite ria .

15.6




T a b le 3 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e in a v e ra g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ,
a d ju s te d fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts , in F o rt L a u d e r d a le —H o lly w o o d
an d W e s t P a lm B e a c h , F la ., A p r il 1 9 7 2 to A p r il 1 9 7 3
O ccupational group

A ll
in d u stries

M anufacturin g

Nonmanufactu rin g

S k illed m aintenance tra d e s (m en )_______________
U n skilled p lan tw o rk ers (m en )__________________

6.7
(*)
7.4
6.3

(»)
(*)
7.6
8.4

(*>
5.2

1

Data do not m eet publication c r ite r ia .

N O TE: T a b le 3 p ro v id e s p e rce n ts of change in a v e ra g e h o u rly e arn in gs fo r se le c te d
o ccupation al g ro u p s, adjusted to exclude the e ffe c t of em ploym ent s h ifts . The new m ethod
fo r com puting wage trend s is based on changes in a v e ra g e h o u rly e arn in gs for esta b lish m en ts
rep ortin g the index jobs in both the cu rre n t and p re vio u s y e a r (m atched esta b lish m e n ts),
holding estab lish m en t em ploym ent in the jobs constant.
The new w age tren d s a r e not linked to the cu rre n t in d exes b e c a u se the new wage
tren d s m e a s u re changes in m atched esta b lish m en t a v e ra g e s w h e re a s the cu rre n t indexes
m e a s u re chan ges in a r e a a v e r a g e s . O ther c h a r a c te r is tic s of the new w age tren d s which
d iffe r fro m the cu rre n t ones include (1) earn in gs data of o ffice c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u stria l
n u rs e s a r e co n v e rte d to an h o u rly b a s is , and (2) trend e stim a te s a r e p rovid ed fo r non­
m an ufacturin g e sta b lish m e n ts.
F o r a m o re d etailed d e scrip tio n of the new m ethod u sed to com pute a re a wage su rv e y
in d ex es, see ’ ’Im proving A r e a Wage S u rve y In d exes, " M onthly Labo r R e v ie w , Janu ary 1973,
pp. 5 2 -5 7 .

8

A. Occupational earnings
Table A-1. Office occupations: Weekly earnings
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la., April 1973)
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Fort Lauderdale—
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
of
workers

(standard'

70

M ean

^

M edian 2

Under
and
(
under
70

M iddle ranged

»

i

75

75

»

s
80

00
01

Occupation and industry division

%

A verage
w eekly

90

$
95

S

*
100

105

$

*

110

120

t
130

*

140

S

$

150

160

*

t

*
170

180

190

$

t

200

210

80

85

95

100

1
1

90

220

and

1

N um ber

110

120

130

140

a

*

105

over

12
12

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

M E N AND W O M E N COMBINED!
BILLERS,

MACHINE

(BILLING
35
32

4 4 .0
4 4 .0

113 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0

8 9 .0 0 - 1 3 3 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 - 1 3 4 .0 0

82
71

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

1 1 4 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0

243

3 9 .5

191

39^5

1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 1 4 8 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0 1 4 9 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 4 7 .0 0

57

^0 0
4 0 .5

117 00
1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

114 00
1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 3 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0
9 2 . 0 0 - 1 2 6 .5 0

101

4 0 .0

9 6 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0

9 3 .5 0

8 4 . 5 0 - 1 1 4 .0 0

1

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

4 0 .0

9 7 .0 0

^ 0 *0

1 1 8 *5 0

100
67

63
53
8
8

^2

8

8
22
13

7

38

38
46

8

w

8

r2
20

,

"3
14

IB

9 5 .5 0 22

10

J

4I
**

MESSENGERS

(OFFICE

BOYS

AND GIRLS>-

4 0 .0

1 3 6 .0 0

1 3 1 I 50

1 0 7 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

9 4 . 5 0 - 1 2 1 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 2 0 . 5 0

82
70

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 8 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

9 4 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

061
323

39 5 136 00
3 9 . 5 1 4 0 .5 0

”*49

3 8 .5

1 8 0 .0 0

131 00
1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0

55
29

3 9 .5

1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0

1 no
109

3 9 .5

1 -n

-n

11

316

39 .5

1 3 8 .0 0

1 3 3 .5 0

^09

CLASS

M A N U FA C T U R IN G

---------------------------

----------------------------------------

N O NM AN U F ACT U R IN G

See

C

3 9 *5

1 3 6 *5 0

39 .5

1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

---------------------------

footnotes at end of tables




1

1 1 0 .0 0 4
1 1 0 .0 0

-

-

2

6

13

19

24

10

17

32
30

7

2
5

53

39 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0

1
1 2 2 .5 0 1 1 6 .5 0 1 7 0 .5 0 -

1 5 4 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 9 7 .0 0

1 4 1 .5 0 1 4 0 .5 0 -

*

*

1

1

1

22

1 1 8 .5 0

23
8
15
2

3

2

*

121
58
63

119
30
89

*

1

1 7 7 .5 0
2 0 2 .0 0

22

15
21

34

1 2 2 .5 0 - 1 4 9 .5 0

10

,3
12

6

ni

38
20
18

6
16
1

-

-

1

1

1

-

3

8

45
1 0 8 .5 0 - 1 2 8 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0 1 3 0 .5 0 1 0 6 .0 0 1 2 7 .5 0

-

-

1 1 6 .0 0 - 1 4 8 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0 - 1 4 1 .0 0

-

-

.

-

-

-

46

1

33
13

-

31
2

53
19
34

13
7

14
12

13

9

40
14
26
8

33
15
18
13

16

15
10

10
8

8

6

13
11

23
13
10

21

14

8

18

12

11

6

46
20

61

10

16

28
10

17
12

4

8

26

53

18

29

2
72

34

1
1

39
14
25

45
16
29

8

25

1 3 4 .0 0 - 1 8 4 .0 0

, „„

18
13

14

-

1 3 4 *0 0

312
118
194

r4
27

1 4 4 .0 0

/ nn
1?«*??

* Jn

SE C R ETAR IE S,

9 1 .5 0 9 1 .5 0 -

32

34

1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 4 1 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

32

1/

1

2

114
31
83

12

10

1

1 1 3 *0 0

8

13

13

12

J’ i ? * ? ?

10

8

20

12
26

16
19

iH.
8

31

43
15
28

12
10

^53

17
12

10
5

19
5

21

47
10

3

27

_

4

-

-

-

-

l

-

-

9
T a b l e A - 1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s :

W e e k l y e a r n in g s — C o n t in u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Port Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la., April 1973)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

*

Average
weekly
hours *
(standard)

O ccu pa tio n and in d u s t ry d iv is io n

Under
8
and
70
under
75

HEN

AND

S

$

%

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
%
%
%
$
S
t
(
(
t
t
»

75

85

$

t

t

i

100

105

nr

120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

72
15
57

19

12
10

_
80

160

170

180

190

200

210

WOMEN COMBINED— i
CONTINUED

$

$

$

$

185
76
109

40.0 130.00 128.00 120.0040.0 143.50 143.00 128.0040.0 120.50 126.50 116.50-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS 8 ------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------- -—

212
201

41.5
41.5

92.00
91.50

92.00
92.00

85.50- 99.00
85.50- 99.00

SWITCHBOARD 0PERAT0R-RECEPTI0NISTS-

163
56
107

41.0
40.0
41.5

95.50
98.50
93.50

98.00
94.50
98.50

84.00-104.00
86.50110.00
83.50103.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING

177
45

38.5 114.00 113.50 102.5040.5 106.50 104.00 100.50-

123.50
112.50

4

TYPISTS, CLASS B ---------NONMANUFACTURING -----

269
85

39.5 115.50 119.50 101.5038.5 109.50 112 .0 0 102.50-

132.00
119.00

20

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

106.00 102.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------

MANUFACTURING

-------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

See footnotes at end of tables.




95.50-

t

95

95

80

90

21
8

70

142.00
161.50
129.00

13

11
8

8

120.00
24
24

10

43
43

5

48

10

38

14
14

34
32

49
7
42

8

34
16

8

5

20
8

9
9

-

15
10

5

9
9

-

—
-

6

1

-

19
3

9
1

3

-

66

16

.

.

.

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
l

-

3

13
13

13
5

2

7
7
42

6

44
34

22

3

7

.

.

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

1
1

—
-

220 o v e r

10
T a b le A - 2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la ., April 1973)
W eekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

N um ber
of
workeis

1
»

$

A verage
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

105
M ean

*

M edian

*

M iddle ranged

AND

WOMEN

115

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
*
*
*
s
t
»
*
s
*
$
*

*

S

s

»

$

S

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

-

-

and
under
110

MEN

*
110

C0MBINED|

45

4 0 .0

26

4 0 .0

$

$

$

1 2 3 .5 0

1 3 0 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .0 0

1 3 4 .5 0

1 3 2 .0 0

$ .

1 2 7 .0 0 —1 4 i . 50

11

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,

l/KAr 1j n t N f LLAj j A

MANUFACTURING --------------------------

iS *o
94

2^6

See footnotes at end of tables.




4 0 .0

?o"o

2 0 1 .5 0 - 2 2 2 .5 0

17U50

1 8 0 *0 0

1 6 9 .0 0

1z?*

1 6 1 .0 0 - 1 7 9 .5 0

26

26

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

5

12

30

22

26

30

13

8

7

3

2

2

16

22

10

12

T a b l e A - 3 . O ffic e , profe ssion al, and technical o c c u p ation s: A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn in gs, by se x
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, Fla. , April 1973)
Average

A ve rage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

O F F IC E

MESSENGERS

O C C U P A T IO N S

(O F F IC E

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-

Num ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings *
(standard )

MEN

-----------------

50

3 9 .5

$
9 7 .0 0

--------------------------------

39

3 9 .5

9 7 .0 0

BOYS)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

O F F IC E
O C C U P A T IO N S
WOMEN— CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH

O C C U P A T IO N S

-

M A C H IN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E
B

3 9 .5

31

4 0 .0

----------------

4 2 .5

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S

83

3 9 .5

1 0 6 .5 0

---------------------------

32

3 9 .0

------------------------------

82

4 C .0

71

1 1 8 .0 0

----------------------------------------------

31

3 9 .0

1 0 0 .5 0

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

861

3 9 .5

1 3 6 .0 0

32 3

3 9 .5

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

CLASS

A

—

----------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

------------------------ -- ------------------

4 0 .0

1 3 4 .0 0

G IR L S )

-------------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------

A C C O U N T IN G ,

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

CLASS

B

--------------------------------

N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G

225

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 3 6 .5 0

177

3 9 .5

1 2 5 .5 0

264

4 0 .0

56

4 0 .5

1 1 4 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 0 8 .5 0

----------------------

20 8

CLASS

8

----------------

101

CLASS

S E C R E T A R IE S ,

---------------------------------------A

49

3 8 .5

1 8 0 .0 0

-------------------------------------

55

4 0 .0

1 6 0 .0 0

-------------------------------------------------------

CLASS

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

B

-------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------

CLERKS,

F IL E ,

CLASS

C

----------------

69

S E C R E T A R IE S ,

----------------------------------------------

CLASS

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

C

-------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------

29

3 9 .5

1 6 6 .0 0

178

3 9 .5

------------

83

4 2 .0

$
1 0 6 .0 0

S W IT C H B O A R D

OPERATORS,

CLASS

B

9 2 .0 0

------------

212

4 1 .5

----------------------------------------------

201

4 1 .5

S W IT C H B O A R D

9 1 .5 0

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S -

163

4 1 .0

9 5 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

56

4 0 .0

----------------------------------------------

107

4 1 .5

9 3 .5 0

A

------------------------------------

177

3 8 .5

1 1 4 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-------------------------------------------------------

45

4 0 .5

1 0 6 .5 0

-----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

269

3 9 .5

1 1 5 .5 0

85

3 8 .5

1 0 9 .5 0

39

4 0 .0

1 3 3 .5 0

+

o

o
o

o

9 6 .5 0

----------------------------------------------

CLASS

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

69

3 9 .5

1 5 9 .5 0

109

3 9 .5

T Y P IS T S ,

T Y P IS T S ,

1 5 0 .5 0

31 6

3 9 .5

CLASS

CLASS

B

1 3 8 .0 0

107

4 0 .0

1 4 0 .0 0

209

3 9 .5

1 3 6 .5 0

-------------------------------------

31 2

4 0 .0

1 2 0 .0 0

-------------------------------------------------------

118

3 9 .5

P R O F E S S IO N A L

-----------------------------------

9t >

4 0 .0

29

3 9 .5

1 2 6 .5 0

-----------------------

67

4 0 .0

1 1 8 .5 0

CLASS

67

4 0 .0

1 3 3 .0 0

44

4 0 .0

1 3 6 .0 0

D

4 0 .0

1 1 8 .5 0

-------------------------------------

150

3 9 .5

----------------------------------------------

53

3 9 .0

1 2 3 .5 0

----------------------------------------

185

4 0 .0

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

--------------------------------

76
109

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 3 .5 0

OPERATORS,

GENERAL

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

STENOGRAPHERS,

S E N IO R

M A N U F A C T U R IN G




CLASS

B

-------------

PROGRAMERS,

B U S IN E S S ,

CLASS

B

--------------------------------

27

4 0 .0

2 0 9 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

-------------------------------------------------------------------

123

4 0 .0

2 1 2 .0 0

108

4 0 .0

2 1 1 .0 0

-------------------------------------------------------------------

93

4 0 .0

1 7 4 .0 0

B3

4 0 .0

1 7 0 .5 0

----------------------

325

3 9 .0

1 8 0 .5 0

-------------------------------------------------------

216

4 0 .0

1 8 0 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R IN G
STENOGRAPHERS,

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

See footnote at end of tables,

MEN

1 3 0 .0 0

-------------------------------------------------------

COMPUTER

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

M A N U F A C T U R IN G
A

T E C H N IC A L
-

1 3 4 .0 0

----------------------------------------------

1 2 1 .0 0

--------------------------------

OPERATORS,

AND

O C C U P A T IO N S

1 2 3 .0 0

194

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

KEYPUNCH

-------------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

1 5 4 .0 0

9 5 .5 0
S E C R E T A R IE S ,

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

A

COMPUTER

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

PAYROLL

CLASS

1 0 9 .5 0

F IL E ,

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

OPERATORS,

1 2 7 .5 0

48

CLERKS,

CLERKS,

----------------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

S E C R E T A R IE S ,

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
CLERKS,

S W IT C H B O A R D

1 4 0 .5 0

538

M A N U F A C T U R IN G
A C C O U N T IN G ,

-

1 1 7 .0 0

4 0 .0

W eekly
earn in gs4
(standard)

1 0 0 .5 0

(O F F IC E

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

P U B L IC

OPERATORS,

W eekly
hours4
(standard)

1 1 1 .0 0

B

M A N U F A C T U R IN G
4 2 .5

26

N um ber
of
workers

C O N T IN U E D

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

29

----------------------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

CLERKS,

O C C U P A T IO N S

WOMEN—

114

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

CLASS

O F F IC E

(B IL L IN G

-----------------------------------------------

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

Sex, occupation, and industry division

-

---------------------

CLASS

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
M A C H IN E )

4

WOMEN
MESSENGERS

B IL L E R S ,

4

--------------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
O F F IC E

A verage

Weekly
Weekly
hours
earnings
(standard) (standard)

$
1 0 7 .5 0

OPERATORS,

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

----------------------------------------------

1 2 0 .5 0

E L E C T R O N IC S

A

B

T E C H N IC IA N S

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

12

Table A-4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations: Hourly earnings
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la ., April 1973)
Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
i
t
»
*
s
$
$
%
*
*
*

$

Mean 2

Median2

t

S

s

t

t

$

i

i

t

i

$

2 .2 0

Number
of

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 . 60

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 . 20

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 . 70

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5. 40

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

over

and
under

Middle range 2

2 .3 0

and

HEN
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------

$

$
3 .8 6

$
4 .4 3

$

31

2 . 9 3 -

4 .6 8
4 .9 9

-

18

-

5

2

2

-

-

-

25

22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

3 .5 7

1

-

10

3 . 8 5 -

4 .5 3

-

-

4 .0 0

3 .0 v

4 .

4 .9 5

4 . 8 2 -

5 .1 5

-

4 .7 7

4 .8 5

4 . 5 9 -

4 .9 5

45

3 .8 6

3 .4 6

3 . 0 5 -

4 .8 8

74

3 .3 6

3 .3 9

3 . 3 2 -

44

4 .1 2

4 .0 8

4# 12
5 .0 3

—

2

“

44

ENGINEERS,

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM

-

-

4 . 5 2 -

---------------------

1

_

4 .8 5

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES

2
8

“

_

4 .6 8

---------------------------------------

6

-

*

_

64

STATIONARY

l
-

*

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------

j

5

“

25

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------------

228

4 .7 3

4 .9 9

3 . 8 8 -

5 .5 2

“

115

4 .0 4

3 .8 8

3 . 8 1 -

4 .2 9

-

82

4 .1 4

3 .8 8

3 . 8 3 -

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

128
90

4 .2 8

3 .8 6
3 .5 6

3 . 2 9 -

5 .6 6

3 .7 2

3 .2 3 - 4.34

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

54
44

3 .4 5

3 .5 5

2 . 5 8 -

4 .1 3

3 .2 5

3 .4 5

2 . 5 6 -

3 .6 8

22 ^

* * 7 *

T*6C

4 * 6 i

4 *7 0

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIE S ------------------

1

5

9

“

-

-

1

1

-

11

6

22

4

1

*

11

6

22

4

-

-

-

-

1

4

8

7

-

-

-

-

-

6

1

-

2

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

6

7

12

4

10

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

2

11

2

1

-

-

4

1

30

34

*

4 .5 5

MAINTENANCE

*

.

-




1

-

_
-

.
-

-

18
18

“
-

_
“

-

1

1

1

1

18

18

7

11

42

14

7

5

4

7

11

42

14

7

i

_

4

•

3

42

4

5
5

16

16
_

16

16
10
10

5

2

12

4

4

12

2

2

6

7
7

6
6

_

6

5

5

7

5

"

See footnotes at end of tables.

It)

3

---------------

MACHINISTS,

*

15

9
7

_

7

*

-

*

-

2

_

3

7

-

“

38

8

6

1

6

6

1

6

“
_

10

~

-

-

-

2

10
10

_

1

1
-

'

"
14

-

-

-

3

~

-

23

_

_

"

"

2

1

14

*

"

'

140

15

8

"

"

13
T a b le A - 5 . Custodial and material m ovem ent occupations: Hourly earnings
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, Fla. , April 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings ^

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$

of
M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

*

%

t

»

*

*

*

S

«

t

*

$

i

*

t

i

$

s

%

s

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . A0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

$
3 .A 0

i

1 .6 0

Number

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

A .00

A ,20

A .A 0

A .6 0

A . 80

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2

A0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 . A0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

A .0 0

A . 20

A . A0

A .6 0

A .80

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 . A0

-

-

-

19

22

and
under
1 .7 0

HEN

$

$
1

$

14

9

J

2

**

l ’ O

2

9
GUARDS
8B
CLEANERS

--------

2 .9 A

3 .9 8

2 . 0 1 -

2 .A 3

2 .0 9
***06

1 . 9 8 -

2 .2 A

2 .8 6

2 .5 5

2 .3 0 -

**

2 .9 6

^ *0 9

39A

AND

2 .1 9

2 . 3 6 -

PORTERS,

i .1 2 2
917

JA N IT O R S .

3 .0 5

16A

A6

23

37A

23

56

125

35 7

53

1A

12

7A

133

1A

-

12

73

128

158

3A

22

17
16A

A2
17

69

22

103

25

9

30

31

27

12

24

A0

8

22

19

10

18

18

2

13

10

1A

1

-

-

-

*

28
1

3

3 . 19

2 .7 5

2 . 5 1 -

3 .2 5

^

3

n

1 2

2 .6 9

36A

2 .8 8

05

2 .6 9 2 .5 1 -

3 .0 9

Z«89

** .
9
Z * 6ft.5

"
3 . 6/ 8n

2 *7 9

2 • ^
2 .5 0

f * 2 ®
3 .2 0

2 .7 2

2 . 6 3 2 . 6 3 -

16

3 .2 5

2 .8 6

2 .7 2

i i
3« iZ

nn

3
^ 7 8

112

10

"6

10

t6

20

16

30

20

12

1

21

3

0
11

1

i i
8

36
110

*

T R U C K D R IV E R S ,

L IG H T

20 8

'

*0

16

1"

63

H E D IU M

( 1 - 1 / 2

HEAVY

(O V E R

A

229

HEAVY

(O V E R

A

40

3 .0 A

8

A2

187

22

A0

3 .0 1

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186

21

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32

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32

8

8

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19

3 . 3 8 -

A . 16

3 . A0

3 .6 9

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3

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100

2 .8 9

. .

2 .8 6

5 .3 5

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47

CLEANERS

See footnotes at end of tables,

--------

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’ *7 5

3 *0 7

25 7

2 .1 6

2 .0 7

2 . 0 A—

2 .2 5

36




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2 .5 6

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39

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21

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26

WOHEN

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25

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3

2 22

2 -2

TONS,
602

JA N IT O R S ,

22

TONS,
20 7

T R U C K O R IV E R S ,

3

5

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TO
35 3

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j

(U N D E R
'

T R U C K O R IV E R S ,

A?

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21

14

Footnotes

1 S ta n d a r d h o u rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e
r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T h e m ed ia n
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s an d d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ,
d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th a n th e r a te sh o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th a n th e r a te sh o w n ,
T h e m id d le
r a n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s an d a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n th e h i g h e r r a te .
3 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts.
at




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c r ip t io n s
The p rim ary purpose of preparing job d escriptions for the B u reau 's wage surveys is to a s s is t its field staff in classify in g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll title s and different work arrangem en ts from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from a re a to a re a . This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rate s representing com parable job content. B ecau se of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and in terare a com parability of occupational content, the B u reau 's job descriptions m ay differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other p u rp oses. In applying these job d escrip tion s, the B u re au 's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working su p e rv iso rs; apprentices; le a rn e rs; beginners; train e es; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

OFFICE
C LE R K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

B ILLE R , MACHINE
P re p a re s statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep reco rd s as to billings or shipping ch arges or perform other
cle ric al work incidental to billing operations. F o r wage study p u rp oses, b ille rs, m achine, are
c la ssifie d by type of m achine, as follows:
B ille r, machine (billing m achine). U ses a sp ecial billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to p rep are bills and invoices from cu sto m ers' purchase o r d e r s, in ter­
nally prepared o rd e rs, shipping m em orandum s, etc. U sually involves application of p r e ­
determined discounts and shipping ch arges and entry of n ec e ssa ry extensions, which m ay or
m ay not be computed on the billing m achine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
B ille r, machine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to p rep are cu sto m ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable o p e ra­
tion. G enerally involves the simultaneous entry of figu res on cu sto m ers' ledger record . The
machine autom atically accum ulates figu res on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints autom atically the debit or credit balan ces. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sale s and credit slip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record
of bu sin ess tran sactio n s.
C la ss A. Keeps a set of reco rd s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the p articu lar accounting system
used. Determ ines proper reco rd s and distribution of debit and cred it item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May p rep are consolidated rep o rts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
C la ss B. Keeps a record of one or m ore p h ases or sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of b asic bookkeeping. P h ases or section s include accounts payable,
payroll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described under b iller,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t
in preparation of tr ia l balances and p rep are control sheets for the accounting departm ent.
C LER K , ACCOUNTING
P erfo rm s one or m ore accounting c le ric al task s such a s posting to re g iste rs and le d g e rs;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, com pleteness, and m athem atical
accu racy of accounting documents; assignin g p resc rib e d accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for c le ric a l accu racy variou s types of re p o rts, lis t s , calculations, posting, etc.;
o r preparing sim ple or a ssistin g in preparing m ore com plicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work req u ires a knowledge of c le ric al methods and office p ractice s and procedures
which relate s to the c le ric a l p ro cessin g and recording of tran sactio n s and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becom es fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and proced ures used in the assign ed work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al
p rin cip les of bookkeeping and accounting.




P osition s a re c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Under general supervision, p erform s accounting c le rical operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for exam ple, c le rically p rocessing com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran saction s, selecting among a substantial variety of
p rescrib e d accounting codes and c la ssifica tio n s, or tracin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d iscre p an cies. May be a ssiste d by one or m ore
c la ss B accounting cle rk s.
C la ss B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized p ro­
ced u res, perform s one or m ore routine accounting c le rical operations, such as posting to
le d g e rs, ca rd s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and locations of postings are
cle arly indicated; checking accu racy and com pleteness of standardized and repetitive record s
or accounting docum ents; and coding documents using a few p rescrib e d accounting codes.
C LE R K , F IL E
F i l e s , • c la s s if ie s , and retrie v e s m ate rial in an established filing system . May perform
c le ric a l and m anual task s required to m aintain file s. Positions are c la ssifie d into levels on the
b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . C la s sifie s and indexes file m ate rial such as correspondence, rep orts, tech­
n ical docum ents, e tc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
m atter file s . May a lso file this m ate rial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a sm all group of lower level file c le rk s.
C la ss B . S o rts, cod es, and file s u n classified m ate rial by sim ple (subject m atter) head­
ings or partly c la ssifie d m ate rial by finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c r o ss-r e fe re n c e a id s. As requested, locates cle arly identified m aterial in files and fo r ­
w ards m ate rial. May perform related cle ric al task s required to m aintain and service files.
C la ss C . P erfo rm s routine filing of m ate rial that has already been c la ssifie d or which
is e asily c la ssifie d in a sim ple se r ia l cla ssifica tio n system (e.g ., alphabetical, chronological,
or n um erical). As requested, locates readily available m ate rial in file s and forw ards m a ­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. May perform sim ple cle ric al and manual task s
required to m aintain and serv ice file s.
C L E R K , ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers' o rd e rs for m ate rial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting p ric e s to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listin g the item s to m ake up the ord er; checking p rice s and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to resp ective departm ents to be filled. May check with credit
departm ent to determ ine cred it rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of ord e rs from cu stom ers,
follow up o rd e rs to see that they have been filled , keep file of ord e rs received, and check shipping
invoices with original o rd e rs.
C LE R K , PAYROLL
Com pute] w ages of company em ployees and enters the n e c e ssa ry data on the payroll
sh eets. Duties involve: Calculating w ork ers' earnings based on tim e or production reco rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as w ork er's nam e, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for in suran ce, and total wages due. May m ake out paychecks and
a s s is t p ay m aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for com ptom eter op erators.

15

16
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SEC R ET ARY— Continued

O perates a keypunch machine to reco rd or v erify alphabetic and /or num eric data on
tabulating ca rd s or on tape.

NOTE: The term "corp orate officer, " used in the level definitions following, r e fe r s to
those officials who have a significant corporate-w ide policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company activ ities. The title "v ice presiden t, " though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all c a se s identify such positions. Vice p resid en ts whose p rim ary respon sibility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual c a se s or tran saction s (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
adm inister individual tru st accounts; d irectly su p ervise a c le ric a l staff) are not considered to be
"corp orate o ffic e rs" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

P osition s a re c la ssifie d into lev els on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Work req u ires the application of experience and judgment in selectin g p ro ce ­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selectin g, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a variety of so urce docum ents. On occasion may a lso perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch o p e rato rs.
C la ss B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under clo se supervision or following sp ecific
procedures or in struction s, works from v ariou s standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows sp ecified p roced ures which have been p rescrib e d in detail and require
little or no selectin g, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. R e fe rs to su p ervisor
problem s a risin g from erroneous item s or codes or m issin g information.
MESSENGER (Office Boy o r Girl)
P erfo rm s v ariou s routine duties such a s running e rran d s, operating m inor office m a ­
chines such as s e a le r s or m a ile r s , opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le ric a l work.
Exclude positions that requ ire operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.
SEC RETA R Y

C la s s A
1. S ecre tary to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre tary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 p e rso n s: or
3. S ecre ta ry to the head, im m ediately below the corporate officer level, of a m ajor
segm ent or su b sid iary of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss B
1. S ecre tary to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, fewer than 100 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre tary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or

A ssigned a s p erso n al se c re ta ry , norm ally to one individual. M aintains a close and highly
resp on sive relation sh ip to the day-to-day work of the su p e rv iso r. Works fa irly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erfo rm s varied c le r ic a l and se c r e ta r ia l
duties, usually including m o st of the following:

3. S ecre ta ry to the head, im m ediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g ., m arketing, re se a rc h , operations, industrial relation s, etc.) or a m ajo r geographic or organizational segm ent (e.g ., a regional head quarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em p loy ees; or
4. S ecre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 p e rso n s; or

a. R eceives telephone c a lls , p erso n al c a lle r s , and incoming m ail, answ ers routine
in q uires, and routes technical in quiries to the proper p erson s;

5. S ecre ta ry to the head of a la rge and im portant organizational segm ent (e.g ., a middle
m anagem ent su p erv iso r of an organizational segm ent often involving a s many a s sev e ral
hundred p erson s) or a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.

b.

E sta b lish e s, m ain tain s, and r e v ise s the su p e rv iso r 's file s;

c.

M aintains the su p e rv iso r's calendar and m akes appointments a s instructed;

d.

R elays m e ssa g e s from su p e rv iso r to subordinates;

e. Review s correspondence, m em orandum s, and reports p rep ared by others for the
su p e rv iso r 's signature to a ssu r e procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

P erfo rm s stenographic and typing work.

May a lso perform other c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l ta sk s of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically req u ires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p ro g ra m s, and p roced ures related to the work of the su p e rv iso r.
Exc lusions
Not a ll positions that are titled "s e c re ta r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a ra c te ristic s. Exam ples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are a s follows:
a.

P osition s which do not m eet the "p e rso n al" secre tary concept d escribed above;

b.

Stenographers not fully train ed in s e c r e ta r ia l type duties;

c. Stenographers servin g as office a ss is ta n ts to a group of p ro fe ssio n al, technical, or
m an ag erial p erso n s;
d. S ec re ta ry positions in which the duties are either substan tially m ore routine or
substantially m ore com plex and respon sible than those ch aracterized in the definition;
e. A ssistan t type positions which involve m ore difficult o r m ore respon sible tech­
nical, adm in istrativ e, su p erv iso ry , or sp ecialized c le ric a l duties which a re not typical of
s e c r e ta r ia l work.




C la ss C
1. S ecre ta ry to an executive or m an agerial person whose resp on sibility is not equivalent
to one of the sp ecific level situations in the definition for c la s s B, but whose organizational
unit norm ally num bers at le a s t sev e ral dozen em ployees and is usually divided into o rg an iza ­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in oth ers, only one or two; or
2. S ecre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, few er than 5,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss D
1. S ecre ta ry to the su p ervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g ., fewer than
about 25 or 30 p erson s); m*
2. S ecre tary to a n onsupervisory staff sp e c ia list, p rofession al em ployee, ad m in istra­
tive o fficer, or a ssista n t, sk illed technician or expert. (NOTE: Many com panies assig n
sten ograp h ers, rather than se c r e ta r ie s a s d escribed above, to this level of su p ervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tran scrib e the dictation. May
a lso type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasion ally tran scrib e
from voice recordings (if p rim ary duty is tran scrib in g from record in gs, see Transcribing-M achine
O perator, G eneral).
NO TE: This job is distinguished from that of a se c re ta ry in that a secre tary norm ally
works in a confidential relationship with only one m anager or executive and perform s m ore
respon sible and d iscretion ary ta sk s as d escribed in the se c re ta ry job definition.
Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May m aintain file s, keep sim ple reco rd s,
or perform other relatively routine c le ric a l ta sk s.

17
STENOGRAPHER—Continued

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR ^Electric Accounting Machine Operator)—Continued

Stenographer, Senior

Positions are cla ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.

Dictation involves a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such a s in legal briefs
or rep o rts on scien tific re se arc h . May also set up and m aintain files, keep reco rd s, etc.
OR
P erfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly g reater independence and respon­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requ ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accu racy; a thorough working knowledge of general busin ess
and office procedure; and of the sp ecific bu sin ess operations, organization, p o licie s, p ro ce­
d u res, file s, workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
responsible c le ric al task s such a s maintaining followup files; assem bling m aterial for rep orts,
m em orandum s, £.nd le tte rs; composing sim ple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A . O perates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. P erfo rm s full telephone information serv ice or handles
com plex c a lls , such as conference, collect, o v e rse a s, or sim ilar c a lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, c la ss B, or as a full-tim e
assignm ent. ("F u ll" telephone information serv ice occurs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information p urp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping or in terrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls.)
C la ss B . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls . May handle routine long distance c a lls and record tolls.
May perform lim ited telephone information serv ic e . ("L im ite d " telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishm ent serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information p urp o ses, or if the requ ests are routine, e .g ., giving extension num bers when
specific nam es are furnished, or if com plex c alls are referred to another operator.)
These c la ssific a tio n s do not include switchboard o p erators in telephone com panies who
a s s is t custom ers in placing c a lls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or perform routine c le ric a l work as part of regu lar
duties. This typing or c le ric al work may take the m ajo r p art of this w ork er's tim e while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
O perates one or a variety of m achines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, in ter­
p reter, so rte r, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working su p e rv iso rs.
Also excluded are operators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay also operate
EAM equipment.

C la ss A. P erform s com plete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. A ssignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex rep orts which often are irreg u lar or nonrecurring, requiring
som e planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new op erators in machine operations or training
lower level op erators in wiring from d iagram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex rep o rts. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to
selection and insertion of prew ired boards.
C la s s B . P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
stru ctions. A ssignm ents typically involve complete but routine and recu rrin g reports or p arts
of la r g e r and m ore com plex rep o rts. O perates m ore difficult tabulating or e lectrical a c ­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler m achines
used by c la ss C o p e rato rs. May be required to do some wiring from d iagram s. May train
new em ployees in b asic m achine operations.
C la ss C . Under specific in struction s, operates sim ple tabulating or electrical accounting
m achines such a s the so rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from d iag ram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to tran scrib e dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from
tran scribing-m achine reco rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple cle rical work.
W orkers tran scrib in g dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal brie fs or rep orts on scien tific rese arch are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is c la ssifie d as a stenographer.
TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m ate rials or to make out bills after ca lcu la­
tions have been m ade by another person . May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate ­
ria ls for use in duplicating p r o c e sse s. May do cle rical work involving little sp ecial training, such
a s keeping sim ple reco rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
C la ss A. P erform s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from sev eral so u rces; or respon sibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate ­
rial; or planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tab les to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form le tte rs, varying d etails to suit circum stan ces.
C la ss B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or cle ar
d ra fts; or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licie s, etc.; or setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore com plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital com puter to p ro ce ss data according
to operating in struction s, usually prepared by a p ro g ram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations: loads equipment with required
item s (tape re e ls, c ard s, etc.); switches n ec e ssa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and sta rts
and operates com puter: m akes adjustm ents to computer to c o rrec t operating problem s and m eet
sp ecia l conditions; reviews e rr o r s m ade during operation and determ ines cause or r e fe r s problem
to su p erv iso r or p ro gram er; and m aintains operating rec o rd s. May te st and a s s is t in correcting
p rogram .
F o r wage study p urp o ses, computer op erato rs are c la ssifie d as follows:

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p rogram s required; alternate p ro g ram s are provided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rro r situ a­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed corrective step s, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under direct supervision a com puter running p ro g ra m s or segm ents of p rogram s
with the c h a ra c te ristic s described for c la s s A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult task s assign ed , and perform ing difficult task s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p rogram s under close supervision . Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ra m s. U sually has received som e form al training in computer operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex p ro g ram s.

C la ss A. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro gram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: New p rogram s a re frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of critic al im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p ro gram s a re of com plex design so that identification of e rr o r source often requ ires a
working knowledge of the total p ro gram , and alternate p ro gram s m ay not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level o p erato rs.

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

C la ss B. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro g ram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: M ost of the p rogram s a re established
production run s, typically run on a regu larly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testing

Converts statem ents of bu sin ess problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which a re required to solve the problem s by autom atic data
p ro cessin g equipment. Working from charts or d iag ram s, the p rog ram er develops the p re c ise in ­
structions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation




18
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS—Continued

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS—Continued

of data to achieve d esired r e su lts. Work involves m ost of the following: A pplies knowledge of
com puter cap ab ilities, m athem atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and d iag ram s of the problem to be program ed; develops sequence
of program step s; w rites detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be p ro cessed ;
converts these ch arts to coded instructions for machine to follow; te sts and co rre c ts p rogram s;
p rep are s instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and a lters
p ro gram s to in cre ase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains record s of
prograrri development and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s an alysis and p ro­
gram ing should be c la ssifie d a s sy stem s an alysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily resp on sible for the managem ent or supervision of
other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or p ro g ra m ers p rim arily concerned with scientific
an d /or engineering problem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, p ro g ra m ers are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all ph ases of program ing concepts and p rac tic e s. Working from d ia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d esired r e su lts, m ajor p ro cessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between variou s step s of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving d esired end products.
At this level, program ing is difficult* because com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce sev e ral in terrelated but d iv erse products from numerous and d iverse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro cessin g actions m ust occur. This requ ires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustm ents to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter sto rage capacity, and substantial m anipulation and resequencing of data elem ents
to form a highly integrated p ro gram .
May provide functional direction to lower level p rog ram ers who are assign ed to a s s is t .
C la ss B .~ Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ram s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ra m s. P rog ram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. R eports
and listin g s are produced by refining, adapting, arrayin g, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which a re readily available. While num erous reco rd s m ay be
p ro c essed , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p ro gram s (as d escribed for c la ss A) under clo se direction of a higher
level p ro g ram er or su p e rv iso r. May a s s is t higher level p rogram er by independently p e r ­
form ing le s s difficult ta sk s assign ed , and perform ing m ore difficult task s under fairly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m ers.
C la ss C. M akes p ractical applications of program ing p ractice s and concepts usually
learned in form al training c o u rse s. A ssignm ents a re designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problem s. R eceives close supervision on new
a sp e c ts of assign m en ts; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with
required p roced ures.

every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the full system of record s and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) C onfers with persons concerned to
determ ine the data p ro cessin g problem s and a d vises subject-m atter personnel on the im p lica­
tions of new or rev ised system s of data p ro cessin g operations. Makes recom m endations, if
needed, for approval of m a jo r sy stem s in stallation s or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level system s analysts who are assign ed to
a s s is t .
C la ss B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogram , and operate. P roblem s are of lim ited
com plexity becau se sou rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data a re closely
related. (For exam ple, develops sy stem s for m aintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or m aintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) C onfers with p erson s concerned to determ ine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad v ise s su bject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p rocessin g system s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p ro cessin g schem e or system , as d escribed for
c la ss A. Works independently on routine assignm ents and rece iv e s instruction and guidance
on com plex assign m en ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgm ent, com pliance with in­
structions, and to insure proper alinem ent with the overall system .
C la s s C . Works under im m ediate supervision , carryin g out an alyses as assign ed , usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of procedures and sk ills required for system s an alysis work. F or exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level sy stem s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by p ro g ra m ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C la ss A. Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
featu res that differ significantly from establish ed drafting preceden ts. Works in clo se sup­
port with the design origin ator, and m ay recommend m inor design changes. A nalyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com ­
ponents and p a rts. Works with a minimum of su p ervisory a ssista n c e . Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, or d irect their preparation by lower level draftsm en.
C la ss B . P erfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assign m en ts that require the ap p li­
cation of m o st of the standardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working drawings of su b a sse m b lie s with irre g u lar shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re c ise positional relation sh ips between components; p rep ares a rc h i­
tectu ral drawings for construction of a building including detail draw ings of foundations, wall
section s, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssa ry
computations to determ ine quantities of m a te ria ls to be used, load cap acitie s, stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives initial instruction s, requirem ents, and advice from su p e rv iso r.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or p arts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or rep air p u rp o ses. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale ) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. C onsolidates d etails from a number of sou rces
and adju sts or tran sp o se s scale as required. Suggested m ethods of approach, applicable
p receden ts, and advice on source m a te ria ls a re given with initial assign m en ts. Instructions
are le s s com plete when assignm ents recu r. Work m ay be spot-checked during p r o g re ss.

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
A nalyzes bu sin ess problem s to form ulate proced ures for solving them by use of electronic
data p ro cessin g equipment. Develops a com plete description of all sp ecification s needed to enable
p ro g ra m ers to p rep are required digital computer p ro g ram s. Work involves m ost of the following:
A nalyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and c rite r ia required
to achieve satisfa c to ry re su lts; sp ecifies number and types of reco rd s, file s, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to m anagem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in tr ia l runs of
new and revised sy stem s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an alysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as sy stem s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily respon sible for the m anagem ent or supervision
of other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or system s analysts p rim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problem s.
F o r wage study p urp o ses, system s analysts are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s in­
volving all ph ases of system s a n a ly sis. P roblem s a re com plex because of d iverse so u rces of
input data and m ultiple-u se requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost a n a ly sis, and sale s an aly sis record in which




DR AFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracin g cloth or paper over
drawings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim arily
consisting of straigh t lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive drawings of e asily visualized item s. Work is closely supervised
during p r o g re ss.
ELECTRO N ICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or sy stem s by perform ing one or m ore
of the following operations: Modifying, in stallin g, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the perform ance of m ost or ail of the following ta sk s: A ssem blin g, testing, adjusting,
calibratin g, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and req u ires a knowledge of the theory and practice of electron ics
pertaining to the use of general and sp ecialized electronic te st equipment; trouble a n aly sis; and
the operation, relation sh ip, and alinement of electronic sy ste m s, su b sy stem s, and circu its having
a variety of component p a rts.

19
ELECTRON ICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, T T
* T1TTSTRIAL (R egistered)

E lectron ic equipment or system s worked on typically include one or m ore of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications sy stem s, relay sy stem s, navigation aids;
airborne or ground rad ar sy stem s; radio and television transm itting or recording sy stem s, e le c ­
tronic com puters; m iss ile and sp ace craft guidance and control sy stem s; in dustrial and m edical
m easuring, indicating and controlling d evices; etc.

A reg iste re d n urse who gives nursing serv ice under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other person s who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving fir s t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d ressin g of em ployees' in juries; keeping record s
of patients treated; preparing accident rep orts for compensation or other purp oses; a ssistin g in
physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing su p ervisors
or head n u rses in establishm ents employing m ore than one nurse a re excluded.

(Exclude production a sse m b le r s and t e ste r s, craftsm en, draftsm en, d esig n e rs, engin eers,
and repairm en of such standard electronic equipment a s office m achines, radio and television
receiving s e t s .)

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties n e c e ssa ry to construct and maintain in good rep air build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, c rib s, counters, benches, partition s, d oors, flo o rs,
s t a ir s , c a sin g s, and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or verbal in struction s; using a
variety of c arp e n te r's handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring in strum ents; m ak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m ate rials n ece ssa ry
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ELECTRICIAN , MAINTENANCE

P roduces replacem ent p arts and new p arts in making rep a irs of m etal p arts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and sp ecification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's
handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal p arts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of
the common m eta ls; selecting standard m a te ria ls, p a rts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling p arts into m echanical equipment. In gen eral, the m achinist's work
norm ally req u ires a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

P erfo rm s a variety of e le ctric a l trade functions such a s the installation, m aintenance, or
rep air of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e lectric energy in an e sta b ­
lishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of e le c ­
tric a l equipment such as gen erato rs, tra n sfo rm e rs, sw itchboards, con trollers, circuit b r e a k e r s,
m otors, heating units, conduit sy stem s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from blue­
prints, draw ings, layouts, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the ele ctrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or
e le ctrical equipment; and using a variety of e le ctric ia n 's handtools and m easuring and testing
instrum ents. In general, the work of the m aintenance electrician requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and m aintains and may a lso sup ervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or e le ctric a l) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining equipment
such as steam engines, a ir c o m p re sso rs, g en erato rs, m o to rs, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam bo ilers and boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipment re p a irs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su ­
p ervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ir e s stationary bo ilers to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, g as, or oil burner; and
checks w ater and safety v alv es. May clean, oil, or a s s i s t in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H E LPE R , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance tra d e s, by perform ing sp ecific
or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m ate rials and tools;
cleaning working a re a , machine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeyman by holding m ate rials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled task s a s directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to perform v a rie s from trade to trad e: In som e trad es the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m ate rials and to o ls, and cleaning working a r e a s; and in others
he is perm itted to perform sp ecialized m achine operations, or p arts of a trad e that are also
perform ed by w orkers on a full-tim e b a sis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Sp ecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such a s jig b o r e rs,
cylindrical or surface grin d e rs, engine lath es, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fix tu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; p ro cessin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds,
sp eeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents during operation
to achieve req u isite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
d re ssin g , to d re s s to o ls, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F or
c ro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o ses, m achine-tool o p e rato rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded from this classificatio n .




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
R epairs autom obiles, b u se s, m otortrucks, and tra c to rs of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the following: Exam ining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is ­
assem bling equipment and perform ing re p a irs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
g ag e s, d r ills , or sp ecialized equipment in d isassem blin g or fitting p arts; replacing broken or
defective p arts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem blin g and installing the various
a sse m b lies in the vehicle and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This c la ssifica tio n does not include m echanics who rep air cu sto m ers' vehicles in auto­
m obile rep air shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R ep airs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the following: Exam ining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dism antling or partly dism antling m achines and perform ing rep a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scrap in g and fitting p arts; replacing broken or defective p arts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent p art by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor r e p a irs; preparing written specification s for m ajor rep airs
or for the production of p arts ordered from machine shop; reassem blin g m achines; and making
all n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents for operation. In gen eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tio n are w orkers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment, and d ism antles and in sta lls m achines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s t r e s s e s , strength of
m a te r ia ls, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools,
equipment, and p arts to be used; and in stallin g and ;riaintaining in good order power tran sm issio n
equipment such a s d rives and speed red u ce rs. In gen eral, the m illw right's work norm ally requ ires
a rounded training and experience in the trad e acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of su rface p e cu liaritie s and types of paint required for different app lica­
tions; preparing su rface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail

20
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

S H E E T -M E T A L

holes and in te r stic e s; and applying paint with sp ray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work of the
m aintenance painter req u ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specification s; setting
up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem blin g; and installing sheet-m etal a rtic le s
a s required. In general, the work of the m aintenance sh eet-m etal worker requ ires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
In stalls o r r e p a irs w ater, steam , g a s, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Laying out of work and m easuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specification s; cutting variou s siz e s of pipe to
co rrec t lengths with chisel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with stocks arid d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem blin g
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to h angers; making standard shop computations relatin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet sp ecificatio n s. In g en eral, the work of the m aintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. W orkers p rim a rily engaged in in stalling and repairing building sanitation
or heating sy stem s a re excluded.
SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b r ic a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good rep a ir the sh eet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such a s machine gu ards, g re a se pans, sh e lv es, lo ck e rs, tan ks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and re p a irs m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fixtures or d ies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following; Planning and
laying out of work from m od els, blueprints, draw ings, or other o ral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die m a k e r's handtools and p recisio n m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p roperties of common m etals and a lloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n e c e ssa ry shop com putations relating to dimensions
of work, sp eed s, fe e d s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal p a rts during fabrication
a s well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required q u alities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem blin g of p arts to p rescrib e d to le ran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m a te r ia ls, to o ls, and p r o c e s s e s . In general, the tool and die m ak e r's work requ ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experien ce.
For c ro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o ses, tool and die m ak ers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this c la ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
G uard. P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, m aintaining o rder,
using arm s or fo rce where n e c e ssa ry . Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other p erso n s entering.
Watchman. M akes rounds of p re m ise s p erio d ically in protecting p roperty again st fir e ,
theft, and illeg al entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an o rderly condition factory working a re a s and w ashroom s, or
p re m ise s of an office, apartm ent house, or co m m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following; Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; rem oving
chips, trash , and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fix ­
tu res or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance s e rv ic e s; and cleaning la v ato rie s,
show ers, and restro o m s. W orkers who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.
LABO RER, MATERIAL HANDLING
A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store, or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m o re of the following: Loading and unloading variou s m ate rials and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru c k s, or other tran sportin g .devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m a te ria ls or m erchandise in proper sto rage location; and tran sportin g m ate rials or
m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or wheelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tra n sfe r o rd e rs for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco rd ­
ance with specification s on sa le s slip s, cu sto m ers' o r d e r s, or other in struction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd ers and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep record s of outgoing o rd e rs, requ i­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products fo r shipment or sto rage by placing them in shipping con­
ta in e rs, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, siz e , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of variou s item s of stock in o rder to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container; in serting e n clo su res in container; using e xce lsio r o r other m ate rial to
prevent breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who a lso m ake wooden boxes or c ra te s are excluded. *




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or rece iv e s and is resp on sible for incoming ship­
m ents of m erchandise or other m a t e r ia ls . Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping pro­
cedu res, p ra c tic e s, routes, available m eans of tran sportation, and r a te s; and preparing record s
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arges, and keeping
a file of shipping re c o rd s. May d irect or a s s is t in preparing the m erchandise for shipment.
Receiving work in volves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the co rrectn ess of shipments
again st bills of lading, in voices, or other reco rd s; checking for sh ortages and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erchandise or m a te ria ls to proper departm ents; and maintaining n e c e ssa ry
record s and file s.
F or wage study p u rp o se s, w orkers are c la ssifie d a s follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in du strial a re a to tran sp o rt m a te r ia ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or m en between variou s types of establishm ents such a s : Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, w holesale and re ta il establish m en ts, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m ers' houses or p la ces of bu sin e ss. May a lso load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
make m inor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working ord er. D riv e r-sale sm e n and
over-th e-road d riv e rs a re excluded.
follow s:

F or wage study p u rp o ses, tru ck d rivers a re c la ssifie d by size and type of equipment, as
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tr a ile r capacity.)
T ruck d river
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ru ck d river,

(combination of siz e s listed sep arately)
light (under 1 V2 tons)
m edium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tr a ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tracto r to tran sp ort
goods and m a te ria ls of all kinds about a warehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, w orkers a re c la ssifie d by type of truck, a s follows:
T ruck er, power (forklift)
T ruck er, power (other than forklift)
* U S G VK N IN P IN IN O P S I#7» —7«« - Mil 0
. . O R M T R T G P IC i
1

A re a W a g e S u rv e y s
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p resen ted b elow . A d ir e c to r y of a re a w age studies including m o re lim ite d studies conducted at the
req u est o f the E m p loym en t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the D ep artm ent o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est. B u lletin s m ay be purchased fro m any o f the B LS
r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fr o m the Superintendent o f Docum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.
A rea
A k ro n , O hio, D ec. 1972---------------------------------------------A lb a n y-S ch en ecta d y — r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1973
T
----------A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r. 1973-------------------------- ---A lle n to w n — ethlehem —E aston , P a .—N .J ., M ay 1972 1 —
B
A tla n ta, G a ., M ay 1972 1-------------------------------------------A u stin , T e x ., D ec. 1972 1------------------------------------------B a ltim o r e , M d ., Aug. 1972 1--------------------------------------Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r-O ra n g e , T e x ., M a y 1972-------P
B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1972------------------------------- —---B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1972--------------- -------------------—
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 1972 1-----------------------------------B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1972 1--------------------—----------------B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1972 1_________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t . , D ec. 1972 1--------------------------------------Canton, O hio, M ay 1972 1------------------------------- —---------C h a rle sto n , W. V a „ M a r. 1972 1 -------------------------------C h a rlo tte, N .C ., Jan. 1973----------------------------------------C hattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1972 1---------------------- —
C h icago, 111., June 1972----------------------- ---- -----------------C incinn ati, Ohio— y.—In d ., F eb . 1973------------------------K
C lev e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1972 1-------------------------------------Colum bus, O hio, O ct. 1972 1--------------------------------------D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1972 1----------------------------------------- —
Davenport—
-Rock Island— o lin e, Iow a^ Ill., F eb . 1973---M
Dayton, O hio, D ec. 1972-------------------------------------------D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1972-------------------_ _ _ _ _ -----------—
D es M o in e s , Iow a, M ay 1972 1 ----------------------------------D e tr o it, M ic h ., Feb. 1972------------------------------— -------D u rh am , N .C ., A p r. 1973----, -------------------------------------F o r t L au d erd a le— olly w o od and W est P a lm
H
B each , F la ., A p r. 1973------------------------------ — ----------F o r t W orth , T e x ., O ct. 1972 1-----------------------------------G ree n B ay, W is ., July 1972 1-------- — ------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1972------------------------------— -----Houston, T e x ., A p r. 1972------------------------- ---- ---- ---- ---H u n ts ville , A la ., F eb . 1973---------------------------------------In dianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1972 1-----------------------------------Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1973— ----— ------ ------ ------ ----------J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , D ec. 1972-------------- — ------ _ _ _ _ _ ---K ansas C ity, M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1972 — ----- — ------------ —
L a w re n c e —H a v e r h ill, M ass.—N .H ., June 1972 1----— —
L exin gto n , K y ., N ov. 1972 1--------------- _ _ _ _ _ _ ------------L ittle R o c k -N o rth L ittle R ock, A r k ., July 1972 1-------L o s A n g e le s —Long B each and An aheim —
Santa A n a G arden G r o v e , C a lif., Oct. 1972 1--------------- —----------L o u is v ille , K y.—In d ., N ov. 1972-----------_ _ _ _ _ ------- ------Lubbock, T e x ., M a r. 1973----------------------------------------M a n c h es te r, N .H ., July 1972 1----- — ------------- ------- ----M e m p h is , Tenn.— r k . , N ov. 1972---------------- --— -— _ _
A
M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 1972 1
— _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ----------M id lan d and O d essa , T e x ., Jan. 1973------- ______-------l

B u lletin number
and p r ic e
1775-36,
1775-62,
1775-52,
1725-87,
1725-77,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1725-58,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1775-53,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1775-57,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1775-61,

40
55
40
35
45
40
75
30
45
30
50
75
65
50
35
35
40
55
70
50
75
55
75
40
40
40
35
40
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-64,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

40
50
55
30
35
40
55
40
40
50
35
50
55

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-38,
1775-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75
40
40
55
40
55
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M ilw au k ee, W is ., M a y 1972 1-------------- __ ----------M in n ea polis—
St. P a u l, M inn., Jan. 1973______ __________
M uskegon— uskegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1972 1 ______
M
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1973--------------------N ew H aven, Conn., Jan. 1973_______
____
_ _______
N ew O rlea n s , L a ., Jan. 1973__ ____________________________
N ew Y o rk , N .Y ., A p r. 19721 .........................................
N o r fo lk — ir g in ia B ea ch -P o rts m o u th and
V
N ew p o rt N ew s—
Ham pton, V a ., Jan. 1973 1-----------------O klahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1972______________ —
Om aha, N eb r.—Iow a, Sept. 1972___________________________
P a te r s o n — lifto n — a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1972 1 --------------C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N ov. 1972-------- ---------------------N
P h o en ix , A r i z . , June 19721 __
---- __ ----- — —
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1972_________________________________
P o rtla n d , M a in e , N ov. 1972
----------------------- P o r tla n d , O re g .—W ash., M ay 1972 1 ---------------- ------P ou g h k eep sie— in g ston -N ew b u rgh , N .Y .,
K
June 19721 ............................................................................
P ro v id en c e — a rw ic k -P a w tu ck e t, R. I.—M as s.,
W
M ay 197 2__ _______________ ____________ ______ _
R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1972— ------------------------- ----R ichm ond, V a . , M a r. 1972 1 _______________________________
R iv e r s id e —
San B ern a rd in o — n tario , C a lif.,
O
D ec. 1972 1
__
..................................................
R o c h e s te r, N .Y . (o ffic e occupations on ly), July 1972___
R o c k fo rd , 111., June 1972 1 _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
St. L o u is, M o.—111., M a r. 1972.____________________________
Salt Lak e C ity , Utah, N ov. 1972 1_________________________
San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1972______________________________
San D ie go , C a lif., N ov. 1972_______ _________ ______ —
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Oct. 1971 1 ----------------San J o s e , C a lif., M a r. 1972________________________________
Savannah, G a., M a y 1972 1 _________________________________
Scranton, P a ., July 1972
— ---- ----------- ---- -----Seattle— v e r e tt, W ash ., Jan. 1973------------------------------E
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., D ec. 1972 1 __________________________
South Bend, Ind., M a r. 1973------------------------- -------------Spokane, W ash ., June 1972 1---------------------------------------S y racu se, N .Y ., July 1972----- ------------------------------------T am pa -S t. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., Aug. 1972------------------T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., A p r. 1973----_ _ -------------- —
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 19721
—
_ -------------------------Uticar-R om e, N .Y ., July 1972___ __________________________
W ashington, D .C.—Md.—V a ., M a r. 1972 1 — --------W a te rb u ry, C onn., M a r. 1973___ —___ _____________________
W a te rlo o , Iowa, N ov. 1972_________________________________
W ich ita, K a n s ., A p r. 1972 1----------------------------------------W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., M ay 1972 1-----------------------------------Y o r k , P a ., Feb. 1973________________________________________
Y o u n gsto w n -W arren , O hio, N ov. 1972
_ _______

B u lletin number
and p ric e
1725-83,
1775-49,
1725-85,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-90,

45
55
35
55
40
40
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1725-46,
1775-21,
1725-89,

50
45
40
40
55
55
40
40
35

cents
cents
cents
cent 6
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1775-7,
1725-72,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents

1775-60,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1775-33,
1725-67,
1775-40,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1775-10,
1775-56,
1775-43,
1775-54,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1775-63,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1775-58,
1775-26,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1775-59,
1775-19,

65
45
35
35
50
30
40
50
30
35
45
40
40
40
35
45
45
40
55
45
70
40
40
35
35
40
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

LAB-441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

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1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
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Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
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Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
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1371 Peachtree St.'N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
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Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
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Minnesota
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1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
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Arkansas
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Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
V III
Iowa
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North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
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Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
California
Idaho
Hawaii
Oregon
Nevada
Washington