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jl

-2,3

Area r
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 2025-11
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




;

Detroit, Michigan, Metropolitan Area
March 1978

Preface
T h i s bull etin p r o v i d e s r e s u lt s o f a M a r c h 1978 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
tio n a l e a r n in g s in the D e t r o i t , M i c h i g a n , Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a tis tic a l
Area.
T h e s u r v e y w as m ad e as p a r t o f the B u re au o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s '
annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It was conducted by the B u re a u 's
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h ic a g o, 111., un der th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f L o i s L. O r r ,
A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r a t io n s .
T h e s u r v e y could not
have been a c c o m p l i s h e d without the c o o p e r a ti o n o f the m any f i r m s w h os e
w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l in f o r m a t i o n in
this b ulletin.
T h e B u re au w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the
c o o p e r a tio n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in th is p u b lic ation is in the pub lic d om ain and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d without p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P le a s e credit




the B ure au
publicat ion.

of

Labor

S t a tis tic s

and

cite

the

name

and

number

of

th is

Note:
A c u r re n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s o n ly is a v a i l a b l e f o r the
laun dry and d r y c le anin g in d u s tr ie s ( M a r c h 1978).
A ls o availab le a r e listin g s
o f union w a g e rate s f o r building t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a ti n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e
em ployees.
F r e e c o p ie s o f th e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l
offices.
(See back c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey

Detroit, Michigan, Metropolitan Area
March 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
June 1978

Contents

Bulletin 2025-11




Intr oduction-------------------------------------------------------

Page
2

Tables:
Earnings, all establishments;
W e e k ly earnings of offic e w o r k e r s __
A- 1.
A - 2 . W e e k ly earnings o f p rofessio n al
and technical w o rk e rs
A - 3.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly earnings of
offic e , profession al, and
technical w o r k e r s , by sex
A-4.
H ourly earnings of maintenance,
toolr oom , and powerplant
w o rk e rs
__
__
_____
H ou rly earnings o f m a te r i a l
A - 5.
m ovem ent and custodial w o r k e r s . . .
A v e r a g e hourly earnings of
A - 6.
maintenance, toolr oom , powerplant, m a t e r i a l m ovement, and
custodial w o r k e r s , by sex
P e r c e n t increases in avera ge
A -7 .
hourly earnings, adjusted f o r
employment shifts, f o r selec te d
occupational groups__________________

3
8

Page
Tables— Continued
Earnings, la r g e establishment
Continued
A- 12. Hou rly earnings of m ate rial
m ovement and custodial
w orkers..
________ _____ _______
A- 13. A v e r a g e hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, m a te r i a l movement, and
custodial w o rk e rs , by sex
_____

29

31

11
Appendix A.
Appendix B.
14
15

17

19

Earnings, la r g e establishments:
A - 8 . W e e k ly earnings o f offic e w o r k e r s ___20
A - 9. W e e k ly earnings of p rofessio n al
and technical w o r k e r s _______________ 24
A - 10. A v e r a g e w e e k ly earnings of
office, pro fessio nal, and
technical w o r k e r s , by s e x ___________ 26
A - 11. H ourly earnings of maintenance,
toolroom , and powerplant
work e r s ____________________
28

Scope and method of s u r v e y ________ .. 33
37
Occupational descriptions

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 75 in w h ich the U.S. D e p a rt m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u re au
o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s conducts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e l a t e d
b e n e f i ts . (See l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b ack c o v e r . ) In eac h a r e a , oc c u p atio n al
e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d annually. I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ta r y w a g e b e n e f i ts ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
ob ta ined e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h is r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s t a b le s .

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b een c o m ­
p le te d , tw o s u m m a r y b u ll e tin s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e ach m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e c o n d p r e s e n t s nation al and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r
a l l Stand ard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n it e d S t a te s , e xclud in g
A l a s k a and H aw a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the ne e d
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th ro u gh the a n a ly s is o f (1 ) the l e v e l and d i s trib u t io n o f w a g e s by occup ation,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by oc c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , including
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g plant lo c a t io n . S u r v e y r e s u lt s a ls o a r e used by the U.S. D e p a r t ­
m en t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g d d e t e r m i n a t i o n s under th e S e r v i c e C o n t ra c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta b les
T a b l e s A - l th ro ugh A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r ly e arn in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m anufactu rin g and no nm anufa cturing i n d u s t r i e s . F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 thro ugh A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m ainte n ance t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
turing and no nm anufacturing s e p a r a t e l y . Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m ain te n anc e w o r k e r s in no nm anu fa cturin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in this occup ational g ro u p in n o n m an u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a l l to
w a r r a n t s e p a ra t e p re s e n ta tio n .
T h i s ta b l e p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
tr e n d s a f t e r e l in im a tio n o f changes in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c a u s e d by e m p l o y ­
m ent shifts among e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
included in s u r v e y s a m p le s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e appendix A.
Ap p e n d ix e s
A p p e nd ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and c o n ce p ts used in the a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
Ap p end ix B p r o v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by oc c u p atio n.

used by B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o ­

A.

E a rn in g s

Table A-1. W eekly earnings of office workers in D etroit, M ich., M arch 1978
^^ ^^eekl^earn in g^^™
(standard)
II

u.

Occupation and industry division
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard

N um ber of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e we ek ly earnings of—
S

Mean2

Middle range 2

Median 2

s

*
90

and
under
100

s

$

s

$

s

s

$

%

$

s

S

s

s

%

s

S

$

$

100

110

120

190

160

180

200

220

290

26 0

280

300

3 20

390

360

380

900

920

990

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

110

120

190

160

180

200

220

290

260

28 0

300

320

390

360

380

9 00

920

990

960

980

21
-

106

979

620

750

991

853

960

ALL W O R K E R S
S E C R E T A R I E S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ---PUBLIC UTILITIES —
W H O L E S A L E T R A D E --r e t a i l t r a d e ------F I N A N C E ------------S E R V I C E S -----------SECRETARIES# CLASS A M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---PUBLIC UTILITIES —
R E T A I L T R AD E ------F I N A N C E -------------

9 .03 2

3 9 .5

$
2 7 7 .0 0

$
2 7 6.0 0

$

$

-

2 2 6 .0 0 -3 2 7 .5 0

9 0 .0

3 0 5 .0 0

3 0 8 .5 0

2 6 9 .0 0 -3 9 7 .5 0

-

2 9 9 .0 0

2 3 5 .0 0

1 9 8 .5 0 -2 8 2 .0 0

-

-

702

3 9 .0

2 7 5 .0 0

-

-

8 36

9 0 .0

2 9 6 .5 0

3 0 3 .5 0

2 5 0 .5 0 -3 9 2 .5 0

-

-

3 9 .5

2 2 7 .0 0

2 2 6 .5 0

2 0 5 .0 0 -2 5 8 .5 0

-

-

3 8 .5

2 1 0 .5 0

2 0 6 .5 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 3 2 .0 0

-

-

562

3 7 .5

2 3 7 .5 0

2 3 0 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0 -2 7 8 .5 0

-

-

-

629

3 9 .5

3 1 6 .5 0

2 9 3 .0 0

2 5 8 .5 0 -3 8 2 .0 0

_

_

379

4 0 .0

3 9 2.0 0

3 5 5 .5 0

2 6 9 .0 0 -9 1 7 .5 0

-

-

295

2 7 7 .5 0

2 9 9 .0 0 -3 1 1 .0 0

-

15
19

18

3 19

318

293

28 8

198

79

49

25

68

98

65

76

93

98

33

31
37

19

-

37

5
18

_

_

-

10

12

16

69

86

68

48

30

20

95

36

90

28

33

23

-

-

-

2

11

26

97

30

92

9

12

13

44

24

38

26

32

23

38

23

39

18

7

1

12

2

2

i

21

15

6

-

-

-

-

-

10

SE CRETARIES. CLASS C M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---PUBLIC UTILITIES —
W H O L E S A L E TRA D E --R E T A I L T R AD E ------F I N A N C E ------------S E R V I C E S -----------SECRETARIES. CLASS D M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---PUBLIC UTILITIES —
F I N A N C E --------------

-

-

2
6
6

135

3 9 .5

2 3 0 .5 0

2 2 9.0 0

-

-

2
2
-

-

2 2 9 .5 0

2 2 9.0 0

1 9 9 .0 0 -2 5 6 .5 0
2 0 7 .5 0 -2 5 3 .0 0

-

3 8 .5

-

-

~

6

178

3 8 .0

2 6 9 .0 0

2 5 1 .0 0

2 1 9 .0 0 -3 2 2 .0 0

-

-

-

9 .1 1 9

3 9 .5

2 8 2 .0 0

2 9 9.0 0

_

-

9 0 .0

3 0 7 .5 0

3 1 7.5 0

2 3 8 .0 0 -3 3 1 .5 0
2 8 5 .5 0 -3 9 2 .5 0

_

2 .2 9 9

-

-

1 .81 5

3 9 .0

2 9 9 .0 0

2 9 9 .0 0

2 0 9 .5 0 -2 8 7 .5 0

-

-

9 28

3 9 .0

2 6 5 .5 0

2 6 6.5 0

2 9 5 .0 0 -2 7 9 .5 0

9 0 .0

3 0 5 .0 0

3 1 9.0 0

2 7 8 .0 0 -3 9 7 .0 0

-

197

3 9 .5

2 1 7 .5 0

2 0 5 .0 0

1 9 6 .0 0 -2 9 9 .0 0

-

3 8 .5

2 1 2 .5 0

2 0 7.0 0

1 8 5 .0 0 -2 3 9 .0 0

-

-

263

3 7 .5

2 3 0 .0 0

2 1 9.0 0

1 8 9 .0 0 -2 6 7 .0 0

-

3 9 .5

2 3 6 .0 0

2 3 2 .5 0

1 9 9 .0 0 -2 7 7 .0 0

-

_

3

3

4

2

16

12

8

17

3

87

152

259

207

202

157

128

139

9 1

98

86

113

28

92

87

39
113

206

121

89

129

91
-

12
33

19
4

18
12

69

1

15

~

3
1

7

2

1
13

3

i

1
“

*

-

3
3
-

30
30
-

-

“

~

i

3

“

1

190

199

297

91

5

76

148

158

202

89

5

36

63

92

95

2

20

23

5

19

14

18

19

95

1

91

8

93

15

20

11

2

-

~

78

93

66

32

23

6

4

5

-

-

18

26

25

22

7

16

6

22

14

13

-

“

135

29 5
59

319

277

357

918

360

59 0

580

795

6

1

72

78

107

191

938

29 1

292

199

250

227

960
120

619

130

271
89

131

5
1

1
-

65
58

23

3

1

-

75

125

3
~

29

16

95

107

138

3

4

14

21

96

23

93

152

-

-

*

-

-

3

-

-

-

3

-

_

3

22

23

77

15

13

26

13

22

69

190

64

15

18

6

7

-

-

*

50

99
36

83

91

35

20

25

12

21

15

3

~

~

~

“

12
-

59

21 1

265

316

191

239

202

160

107

7

2

4

1

-

-

6

291
23

97

102

172

156

185

160

110

55

6

2

4

1

53
-

268
20

16*
3

163

144

35

99

92
9

50

52

i

“

-

15

1

i

9

15

3
-

-

9 0 .0

2 5 9.5 0
2 1 3 .0 0

2 6 0 .5 0

2 3 0 .0 0 -2 9 9 .5 0

-

-

3 9 .0

2 0 2 .0 0

1 7 3 .0 0 -2 3 2 .5 0

-

-

50

9 0 .0

2 9 1 .5 0

2 8 1 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0 -3 0 7 .5 0

-

-

12
-

1

-

657

3 9 .0

1 9 1 .0 0

1 8 5 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 1 1 .5 0

-

-

12

48

218

195

119

96

287
69

310

299

285

272

177

292

190

-

-

3

-

-

15 3

119

212

210

130

89

85

-

3

157
10

1 30

73

62

97

158

105

20

25

13

26

111

16

-

“

218
10

-

15

29

19

22

18

15

92

-

-

-

2 .19 5

3 9 .5

2 2 7.0 0

2 2 9.0 0

1 8 9 .0 0 -2 6 8 .5 0

-

-

3

27

150

1 .06 5

9 0 .0

2 3 8.5 0

2 3 8 .0 0

2 0 5 .5 0 -2 6 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

27

150

-

2 1 6.0 0

201

50

1 7 2 .5 0 -2 7 9 .0 0

4 0 .0

2 6 9 .0 0

2 8 9 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0 -2 9 8 .0 0

155
253
339

9 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 5 7 .0 0

2 1 6 .0 0 -3 0 9 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0 -1 8 6 .0 0

-

-

1 7 3 .5 0

2 5 6.5 0
1 6 8.0 0

-

-

2

6

80

5
89

5 1

21

2

1

3 7 .5

2 0 7.0 0

1 8 9.0 0

1 6 2 .5 0 -2 9 9 .0 0

-

-

*

15

58

71

59

38

13

19

765

3 9 .5

2 0 9 .5 0

19 2.0 0

1 7 3 .5 0 -2 3 1 .0 0

-

-

130

103

65

90

1 8 5 .0 0 -2 9 5 .5 0

-

-

103
-

157

2 1 1.5 0

3
-

27

2 1 7.5 0

39

93

39
64

36

29

17

19

-

29

16

20

69

16

7

19

67

16

o

3 9 .0

239

o

1 .1 3 0

3
-

3 9 .0

1 9 9 .5 0

1 8 0.5 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 2 9 .0 0

-

3 9 .5

2 6 9.0 0

2 8 9 .0 0

2 2 7 .0 0 -2 9 2 .0 0

-

-

3
-

27
-

103
-

123

150

10

87
6

17

8

127

9 0 .0

1 8 6 .5 0

1 7 8.5 0

1 7 9 .0 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

-

-

1

6

9

98

29

20

19

-

-

2

6

36

1

15

58

17
93

3
39

12

557

65

3 8 .5

1 5 5 .0 0

1 5 5.0 0

1 9 0 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

171

3 8 .0

1 6 8.0 0

1 7 3.5 0

-

*

1 .029

208

-

-

-

2

-

5

*

1 9 9 .5 0 -1 8 0 .5 0

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le s .

3

-

-

-

3 1

35

1 .0 33

.

~
-

1

30

1
2

~

”
~

9

-

2 .0 6 2

39
27
9

~

5

-

518

38
22

1

378

909

5
-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

65

2

“

-

2 2 0 .0 0 -2 9 7 .5 0

1

15

190
-

193

5

-

2 7 6 .5 0 -3 1 3 .0 0
2 6 9 .0 0 -3 8 0 .5 0

1

62

89

3 8 .5

2 9 9.5 0

3

121

32

2 3 8 .0 0 -3 0 6 .5 0

2 9 6.5 0
3 3 8.0 0

53
~

79

2 7 8 .5 0

2 6 1 .0 0

23
-

91

-

2 9 5 .5 0
3 1 9.0 0

1

59

2 7 9 .0 0

3 9 .5

32

2

70

-

3 9 .0

31

4

159

-

3 9 .0

131

57
~

79

-

179
158

2 31

93

65

-

1 .02 3

23

209

181

123

2 3 5 .0 0 -2 5 8 .5 0

-

33

782

253

57

3 0 5 .0 0 -3 3 2 .5 0

2 7 8 .0 0 -3 8 0 .5 0

33

609

278

97

2 3 8 .0 0 -3 1 0 .5 0

2 3 7 .5 0 -3 6 2 .0 0

135

652

289

89

3 1 9 .5 0

3 9 9.5 0

288

529

17

2 5 8 .5 0

2 9 3.5 0

252

525
910

95

2 7 9 .0 0

2 9 7 .5 0

963

900
953

105

3 1 5 .0 0

3 3 2 .0 0

862

339
607

13

2 5 2 .5 0

3 9 .5

930

225
525

58

3 8 .5

4 0 .0

808

103
517
30

15

3 9 .5

1 .0 8 9

935

28
9 5 1
23
31

50

2 .1 0 7




6
100

3
72

3

60
76

3 9 .0

2 7 2 .5 0

-

21
~

-

958
1 .6 2 9

SECRETARIES. CLASS 8 M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---PUBLIC UTILITIES —
W H O L E S A L E TRA D E --R E T A I L TRA O E ------F I N A N C E -------------S E R V I C E S ------------

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . GE NE R A L
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---PUBLIC UTILITIES —
R E T A I L TRA D E ------F I N A N C E -------------S E R V I C E S -------------

~

-

3 9 .0

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -W H O L E S A L E t r a d e --F I N A N C E ------------S E R V I C E S ------------

-

9 .8 9 5
9 .1 8 7

37

5
-

2

3

2

*

-

2

4

30

93
17

-

1

-

~
~

“

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

83

“

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1978— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
U lm l_

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

Average
weekly
(standard]

*

M e an 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

$

$
90

s

s

$

s

*

$

%

*

s

$

100

110

120

140

160

180

200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

110

120

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

47
-

130

18 0

146

220

232

140

159

110

80

176

186

113

70

84

95

70

66

99

46

27

89

9

s

s

s

s

s

*

89

240

260

280

s

173

35

47

220

300

3 80

400

420

440

-

-

-

-

-

-

360

380

4 00

420

440

960

480

~

3 20

3

340

360

460

and
under
100

-

-

-

340

ALL W O R K E R S —
CO NT INUEO
STENOGRAPHERS - CONTINUED
, s e n i o r ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N 0 N N A N U F A C T U R I N 6 ---------W H O L E S A L E TRADE --------F I N A N C E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------

stenographers

TRANSCRIBING-HACHINE TYPISTS
N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------W H O L E S A L E TRAOE --------F I N A N C E ------------------TYP I ST S ------------------------H A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------W H O L E S A L E TRAD E --------F I N A N C E ------------------S E R V I C E S -----------------TYP I ST S. C L A S S A ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------F I N A N C E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------

1 .43 0

3 9 .5

$
2 3 9 .0 0

$
2 3 8 .5 0

$
$
2 0 0 .0 0 -2 7 7 .5 0

-

-

-

857

4 0 .0

2 4 3 .5 0

2 4 4.5 0

2 1 8 .0 0 -2 7 0 .0 0

-

-

-

573

3 9 .0

2 3 2 .5 0

2 2 5.5 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 9 8 .0 0

-

-

4 0 .0

2 7 7 .5 0

-

3 9 .5

1 8 0 .0 0

1 7 4.0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -1 9 3 .0 0

-

-

168

3 7 .0

2 4 7 .0 0

2 4 2 .0 0

1 9 9 .0 0 -3 0 2 .0 0

-

-

2 7 7 .5 0

2 5 0 .0 0 -3 1 5 .5 0

3 9 .0

1 8 1 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 0 0 .5 0

-

250

3 9 .0

1 7 7 .5 0

1 6 7 .0 0

1 4 9 .5 0 -1 9 8 .0 0

-

-

96

3 9 .5

1 7 9.5 0

1 6 7 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -2 1 9 .5 0

-

99

-

273

1 6 9.0 0

-

134

3 8 .5

1 7 3 .0 0

1 6 4.0 0

1 4 9 .5 0 -1 8 0 .5 0

-

3 9 .0

1 8 1 .0 0

1 5 9 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0 -2 0 8 .0 0

-

-

490

4 0 .0

2 2 7 .5 0

2 3 0 .5 0

1 8 3 .0 0 -2 6 8 .0 0

-

3 8 .5

1 6 9 .5 0

1 5 2.0 0

1 3 3 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

-

-

10

20

17

48
15

20

2

1

-

26

11

12

38

20

9

3

-

1 1

-

-

37
14

17

22

i

3

-

10

-

-

5

20

-

-

3

21

33

50

82

38

48

32

-

505

266

58

59

28

26

115

60

-

98

-

60
-

-

-

-

-

18

18
9

9
-

6
-

14

602

98
175

56

80
~

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

23

13

15

16

6

45

9

25

1

*

511

3 7 .5

1 6 5 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -1 7 8 .0 0

-

-

12

177

107

94

49

21

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

3 7 .5

1 6 8 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0 -2 0 2 .5 0

■

1 .4 7 7

3 9 .0

1 5 4 .5 0

144 .00

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

-

173

4 0 .0

1 9 4 .5 0

1 8 7 .0 0

1 6 3 .5 0 -2 1 7 .0 0

-

-

1 .3 0 4

1 4 9.0 0
1 9 3 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0
1 8 7 .0 0

1 3 0 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

-

-

160

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

FILE C L E R K S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------W H O L E S A L E TRAD E --------F I N A N C E -------------------

104

-

-

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

51

151

22

6

74

-

_

_

_

_

_

33

43

21

6

14

-

-

76

164

93

82

32

39

17

18

108

60

-

12

5

7

11

42

1
-

-

12

-

-

-

-

1

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

59

18
38

60
-

-

33

2 00

126

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

56
17
22

93
66

76
-

567

363

21

22

27

33

76
-

546
~

341
17

173

93

41

1 7 5 .0 0

1 6 5 .0 0

1 5 4 .5 0 -1 8 6 .5 0

-

-

6

6

21

1 3 8 .5 0

1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

-

-

58

323

217

45
40

262

3 7 .5

1 4 1 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

-

-

12

155

41

1 .1 2 8

3 9 .0

1 4 4 .5 0

1 3 2.0 0

1 2 1 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

-

4 0 .0

1 9 8 .0 0

1 8 6 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0 -2 6 6 .0 0

-

13

1

2

3

99

58
32

31
1 1

17
6

13
5

12
5

1 1

-

-

20
8

11
8

8
7

7
6

3
-

-

12

1

1
-

3
-

-

-

-

~

-

-

7

6
1

35

7
1 1

1

8
36

4

8

8

93

1

6

3

29

-

177

500

163

87

-

52
-

49

9

28

6

12

6

14

-

52

75
22

43

22
~

3

2

9

7

11

9

3

2

1
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

19

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

i

1
-

-

-

9

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

173
-

472

157

-

-

1
78

6
39

-

138

390

91

36

13

~

8

7

1 1

16

-

5

-

59

46

23

17

4

3

8

33

1

1

3

24

-

-

-

3

2

5

9

_

-

_

-

7

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

FILE C L E R K S . C L A S S B ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------F I N A N C E -------------------

377

3 9 .0

1 6 2 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0

-

-

45

139

62

4 0 .0

3

6

95

115
109

59

43

46

26

17
2

17

36

3

-

1 2 5 .0 0 -2 9 7 .5 0

-

-

315

3 8 .5

1 5 2 .5 0

1 3 9 .5 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

-

~

226

3 8 .5

1 4 2 .0 0

1 3 2.0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 4 8 .5 0

-

684

3 9 .5

1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 1 8 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

-

52

132

343

96

34

15

52
-

128
-

339

90
6

25
22

15

1

9
6

3

-

1 9 3 .0 0

661

3 9 .5

1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 1 8 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

-

47

3 9 .5

1 9 3 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 7 .0 0

-

116

4 0 .0

1 3 5 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

4 09

3 9 .0

1 2 3 .5 0

1 2 3 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

24

-

-

78

29

-

52

102

213

39

“
-

-

3

-

-

~

-

-

9

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-




4

_

“
"

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le s .

-

-

_

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 6 3 .0 0

-

-

-

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

18

-

-

-

1 3 1 .0 0
1 7 9 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -2 1 5 .0 0

-

-

_

1 3 2 .5 0

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

-

-

1 3 9.0 0

1 2 9 .5 0

-

_

1 4 8 .5 0

1 9 0.0 0

-

-

-

2 0 3 .0 0

1 8 1 .0 0

-

-

-

_

3 9 .5

1 3 1 .5 0

-

-

-

3 9 .0

3 8 .5

-

_

4 0 .0
3 8 .5

-

-

“

53

67

-

1
14

152
677

-

-

-

62

26
11

C L AS S A -------

FILE C L E R K S . C L A S S C ------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------W H O L E S A L E TRAOE --------F I N A N C E --------------------

2
93

1

39

3 8 .5

2 0 9 .5 0

-

24

11

4 0 .0

52

-

-

35

-

109

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

-

10
99

56

128

646

1 .0 2 4

3
-

-

97
15

175

*
_

13

-

78

56
-

-

TY PIS TS. C L A S S B -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------W H O L E S A L E TRADE --------F I N A N C E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------

-

-

_

74

-

-

-

-

_

45
73

1 5 2 .0 0 -2 8 0 .5 0

-

-

74

41

1 4 4 .5 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

-

-

-

6

17

2 6 6 .0 0 -3 4 4 .0 0

-

-

-

36

24
310

1 8 4 .0 0

-

7

163

340

1 5 5 .0 0

-

-

64

6
62

2 9 2 .0 0

_

“
110

-

2 0 8 .5 0

-

1
109

-

1 6 3 .5 0
1 9 0 .5 0

-

9
114

-

2 9 2 .0 0

-

17

-

3 8 .5

-

-

223

-

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

-

-

51

-

1 49

-

328
62

1 8 7 .0 0 -2 9 2 .0 0

674

-

41

1 5 6 .5 0 -2 2 2 .0 0

-

-

538

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

2 1 7 .0 0 -2 8 3 .0 0

-

8

2 1 8.5 0

2 4 5.5 0

“

623

1 8 4.0 0
1 4 0 .0 0

2 4 5 .5 0

-

”

80

32

1 4 3.5 0

4 0 .0

-

“

16

1 9 3 .0 0

317

-

75
70

2 4 0 .5 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 8 2 .0 0

-

8

3 8 .5

2 1 1.5 0

-

52

4 0 .0

2 2 0 .5 0

-

52

4 0 .0

3 9 .0

-

9
43

38

309

991

-

-

42

2

38

189

-

13
30

30

822

176
249

FILE C L E R K S .

3

-

-

1 .9 7 8

28

-

-

-

2 .4 6 8

67

~

-

-

3

-

-

188

111

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1978 — Continued
^^^^ eekl^^arnlng^^™
(standard)

Occupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
wo iken

Av erage
weekly
hours *
(standard'

Numb er

90
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

of w o rk ers
s

S

$

rec e iv in g

$

s tra igh t-tim e
%

$

s

w e e k ly

$

e a rn in g s

i

o f ---%

*

$

*

$

%

$

$

%

*

$

100

110

120

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

110

120

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

460

480

35

“
-

”
-

460

and
under
100

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUEO
M E S S E N G E R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------R E T A I L TRA D E --------------------F I N A N C E ---------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

572

3 9 .0

$
1 5 9.5 0

$
1 4 0.0 0

$
$
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 8 7 .0 0

-

5 3

15

18

14

13

30

5

1 9 4.5 0

1 9 3.5 0

1 4 5 .0 0 -2 3 3 .0 0

-

16

177
-

116

4 0 .0

16
-

80

144

43

7

13

13

17

12

6

17

-

4 28

3 8 .5

1 4 7 .5 0

1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

-

16

64

177

73

28

40

2

1

2

7

13

5

83
171
84

4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 2 8 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 2 9.0 0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 5.0 0

-

10
6

29
20

23
99

17
29

2
-

2

~

-

~
-

2

-

1 2 4.5 0

1 1 4 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 0 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

■

-

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------F I N A N C E ------------------ --------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

551

1 9 4.5 0

1 6 7.5 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -2 5 7 .0 0

-

44

156
395

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

2 6 8.0 0
1 6 6 .0 0

2 7 4 .5 0
1 5 3.0 0

2 4 0 .0 0 -2 9 9 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0

97

3 8 .5

1 5 9.5 0

1 5 7 .5 0

97

3 8 .0

1 5 4.0 0

1 4 7 .0 0

907

3 9 .0

1 7 2 .5 0

339

4 0 .0

1 8 4 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------W H O L E S A L E TRAD E ----------------R E T A I L TRA D E --------------------F I N A N C E ---------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

15

46

22

15
1

22

30

50
-

129

83

4

2

-

22

30

50

125

1 4 8 .5 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

-

-

6

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

-

5

15

1 6 0.0 0

1 4 5 .0 0 -1 9 8 .5 0

-

-

20

1 7 5 .0 0

-

-

-

3 9 .0

1 6 5 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0

26

4 0 .0

2 5 1.5 0

2 6 5.0 0

1 9 8 .5 0 -3 0 5 .0 0

-

-

183

4 0 .0

1 6 9.5 0

1 6 7.0 0

1 4 3 .5 0 -1 9 3 .0 0

-

20
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

47

33

10

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

57

10

5

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

135

255

186

97

Ill

54

16

9

21

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

113
142

52
134

38

35

15

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1 1
10

-

19

3
6

-

-

-

-

6

59
2

46
65

1

6

-

-

-

-

33

39

28

8

1 10
-

1

i

-

155

3 9 .0

1 6 0.5 0

1 5 5 .5 0

1 3 8 .5 0 -1 8 0 .0 0

-

*

1

39

43

27

1 5 6 .0 0 -2 4 6 .0 0

2 0 3 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0 -2 4 1 .5 0

6
6

-

666

4 0 .0

2 1 4 .5 0

2 2 1.0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 5 6 .0 0

O R DE R C L E R K S . C L A S S A ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E TRA D E -----------------

335

4 0 .0

2 6 9 .0 0

2 7 2.0 0

2 3 5 .0 0 -2 9 4 .0 0

-

-

2 7 2 .0 0

O R DE R C L E R K S . C L A S S B ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E TRA D E -----------------

766

3 9 .5

1 8 2.0 0

1 6 6 .0 0

1 4 7 .0 0 -2 2 3 .0 0

6

234

3 9 .5

1 7 9 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

532
478

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 8 3 .0 0

1 7 7.0 0

1 3 7 .5 0 -2 3 3 .5 0

6

1 9 0 .5 0

2 0 1 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 3 4 .5 0

“

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------W H O L E S A L E TRA D E ----------------R E T A I L T R AD E --------------------F I N A N C E ---------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

5 .30 4

3 9 .5

2 0 4.5 0

1 8 5.0 0

1 5 9 .0 0 -2 3 4 .5 0

1 .99 3

4 0 .0

2 4 0 .0 0

2 2 5 .0 0

1 8 4 .5 0 -2 8 5 .5 0

3 9 .0

1 8 3 .5 0

1 7 1.0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 0 4 .5 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 4 4 .5 0
2 0 6 .0 0

2 3 8.0 0
1 8 0.0 0

2 1 2 .0 0 -2 8 8 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0 -2 2 4 .5 0

1 .1 7 6

3 9 .0

1 7 3 .5 0

17 0.0 0

1 4 9 .5 0 -1 9 8 .0 0

817

38 . 0

1 7 4 .0 0

1 6 0.5 0

1 4 6 .0 0 -1 8 7 .0 0

546

3 8 .5

1 6 9 .0 0

166 .00

1 4 0 .5 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

2 .1 2 4

3 9 .5

2 4 4.5 0

2 2 6.0 0

1 9 0 .0 0 -2 9 9 .5 0

1 .0 6 8

4 0 .0

2 7 7 .0 0

2 7 5 .0 0

2 2 4 .0 0 -3 3 1 .0 0

1 .0 56

3 8 .5

2 1 1 .5 0

1 9 5.5 0

1 7 0 .5 0 -2 3 6 .0 0

107

4 0 .0

2 6 4.5 0

2 8 2 .0 0

126

4 0 .0

2 9 3 .0 0

3 0 8.5 0

2 2 4 .5 0 -3 6 0 .0 0

278

39

1 9 2.0 0

1 9 0.0 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 1 2 .0 0

365
180

3 7 .5

1 9 4 .5 0

1 8 5.0 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 0 2 .5 0

3 8 .5

1 8 7 .0 0

1 8 1.5 0

2 3 4 .5 0 -2 9 8 .0 0

65

-

-

-

-

-

130

145

35

103

44

24

12

4

-

21

92

50

23

44

43

21

1

36

27

11

10

i

-

95

12
12

107

59

67

17

13

2

3

59

64

67

17

13

2

3

~

3

57

26

38

58

93

30

17

9

3

3

33
24

26

21

31

16

8

8

-

17

58

62

14

9

1

3

24

-

17

58

62

14

9

1

3

92

7

10

14

7

3

1

1

5

11

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

130

-

-

-

1

-

-

”

-

1

”

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

1
1

32

94

76

20

11

17

38
34

95

83
83

59
59

92
92

6
6

5

3

95

12
12

3
4

5

3

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

451

812

1054

626

640

445

220

213

186

150

145

125

80

44

201

160

325

229

136

143

118

97

119

101

58

38

_
-

611

46 6

315

216

84

70

68

24

22

6

7

24
84

20

62

10

-

-

39

37

20

19
19

47

73

10
143

53
39

26

15
20

6

1 1

8

17

19

6

7

2

-

-

~

~

_
”

-

416

214
840

26
19

-

130
92

46
24

77

10

77

-

15

-

-

102

35

82

-

-

95

151

145
50

67

82
60

10

-

-

107

109
109

64

24

38
34

21

10

-

-

67

-

2

18

7

3

'

~

~

126

125

80

44

26

119

101

58

38

19

24

22

6

7

17

19

6

7

-

-

~

7

3

-

-

19 1

380

154

154

71

46

8

155

236

166

129

46

37

2

16

2

123

109

141

75

56

9

6

8

11

1

25 4

278

252

136

132

130

127

133

166

95

77

82

89

145

86

41

55

48

38

7

8

54

71

281

-

-

23

27

54

48

254

-

-

7

6

-

7

8

24

4

77

7
50

2

30

117

28

14

46

-

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

5

4 1
213

8

13

7

11

30

16

-

12

3

1 1

19

26

8

2

1

116

37

2

16

2

-

34

31

1

6

8

ii

1

-

25

14
59
33

~

7

103

8

-

“

7

2

i

-

-

55

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 2 .0 0

.0

-

46

~

248
524

-

-

-

25

82

2 6 2 .0 0 -2 9 4 .0 0

3 .31 1

-

-

-

i

82

-

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 4 9 .5 0

2 7 4 .5 0

9

60

2 1 0 .0 0
2 1 4.0 0

4 0 .0

2
-

2

5

188

2

-

17

10

2 6 2 .0 0 -2 9 4 .0 0

2
-

-

25

2

2 0 7 .0 0




_

-

7
20

2 0 8.5 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S A ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------W H O L E S A L E TRA D E ----------------R E T A I L T R A D E --------------------F I N A N C E ---------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

-

-

2

2 1 1 .0 0

-

_

7
-

60

2 3 0 .5 0 -2 9 5 .0 0

-

20

56
10

2 4 1.5 0

-

-

18
4
-

23

2 7 2 .0 0

-

-

30

19
-

2 7 4.5 0

-

_

14
-

-

2 6 2.0 0

-

_

12

-

3 9 .5

-

_

30

-

4 0 .0

-

6

-

147

27

19

1 5 1 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

3 9 .5

-

-

21
4

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

-

7
16

1 4 4.0 0
1 6 7.0 0

3 9 .5

-

81

1 4 4.0 0

381

-

22

-

42

1 6 4 .0 0

7 20

“

-

-

-

-

25

3 6 .5

1 > 101

-

25

3 9 .5

O R DE R C L E R K S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E TRAD E -----------------

-

23

94

188

-

29
5
24

110

-

-

40

-

568

-

25

-

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 0 6 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0

“

“

~
-

~
~
-

-

“
~

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1978— Continued
""^^Veekl^Tarnlng^^™
(standard)
U ___ w

Occupation an d industry division

of
wodcen

A v e ra ge
weekl y
hours1
(standard

N um ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e we ekly earning s of--s

*
90
Mean2

Middle range 2

Median 2

s

*

$

s

$

$

S

s

%

$

s

$

s

s

S

*

*

s

$

100

110

120

140

160

18 0

200

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

110

120

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

28 0

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

460

480

10

69

56

23

-

-

and
under
100

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
ACCOUNTING CLERKS - CONTINUED
A C C O U N T I N G C L ER KS . C L A S S B --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------W H O L E S A L E TRAOE ------------R E TA IL TRA O E ----------------F I N A N C E -----------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------F I N A N C E ------------------------

$

$

3 .1 8 0

3 9 .0

$
1 7 7 .5 0

$
1 6 8 .0 0

1 4 9 .5 0 -2 0 4 .0 0

925

4 0 .0

1 9 6 .5 0

1 9 0 .0 0

1 6 2 .5 0 -2 1 8 .0 0

-

2 .2 5 5

3 9 .0

1 7 0.0 0

1 6 0.0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0

-

141

3 9 .5

2 2 9 .0 0

2 3 8 .0 0

1 9 4 .0 0 -2 7 9 .5 0

-

10
-

69

397

741

773

37 2

362

193

84

81

35

-

178

187

119
25 3

192
170

63

41

66

36

130

43

15

20

15

18

12

49

3

8

17

14

7
-

3
~

1

362

563

15

2

586
3

4 0 .0

1 7 8.5 0

1 7 0 .5 0

1 5 5 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

-

-

15

20

73

20

1 6 0 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0

-

187

95

52

3 8 .0

1 3 6 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0 -1 7 7 .0 0

-

49

“

-

18

-

7

95

95

13
4 1

-

-

153
95

206

3 8 .5

1 4 9 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0

20
-

366

1 5 7 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0

47
-

79

452

10
-

77
104

21

1 6 7 .5 0

136
303

25

3 9 .0

25

8

-

-

“

~

”

284

3 9 .0

1 9 9 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 3 9 .5 0

_

-

-

24

2

47

8

8

12

21

9

60

4 0 .0

2 0 7 .0 0

2 2 3.0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 5 4 .5 0

-

-

2

13

8

4

6

-

4

6

21

9

12

18

-

6

18

49

68

21

36

13

6

3 8 .5

1 9 7 .0 0

1 7 0.0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0

-

-

36

28

62

24

34

3 7 .0

1 5 8 .0 0

1 4 9.5 0

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 6 4 .5 0

~

-

24

14

2

6

6

95

3 8 .5

2 4 4 .5 0

2 3 9 .5 0

2 3 2 .5 0 -2 8 5 .5 0

_

_

3 8 .0

2 4 1 .5 0

2 3 9 .5 0

2 3 2 .5 0 -2 8 3 .0 0

189

3 9 .0

1 7 6 .0 0

1 6 4 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

_

_

151

3 9 .0

1 7 5 .0 0

1 7 0.0 0

1 4 7 .5 0 -1 7 7 .5 0

-

-

MACHIN E B I L L E R S -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------W H O L E S A L E TRAOE --------------

204

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 9 .0 0
2 2 1 .0 0

2 0 0 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -3 1 7 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0 -3 1 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

3 1 7 .0 0 -3 1 7 .0 0

-

-

1 8 0 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

-

-

B I L L I N G - M A C H I N E B I L L E R S ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S -------------

161

1 8 0 .0 0 -3 1 7 .0 0

-

PA YR O L L C L E R K S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------R E TA IL TRA D E -----------------F I N A N C E -----------------------S E R V I C E S ----------------------KEY ENT R Y O P E R A T O R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S ------------W H O L E S A L E TRAO E -------------R E TA IL TRA O E -----------------F I N A N C E -----------------------S E R V I C E S ----------------------KEY E N TR Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S ------------W H O L E S A L E TRA O E -------------RET A IL TRA O E -----------------S E R V I C E S -----------------------

73

186
69
110

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 9 5 .0 0
1 8 0.0 0

3 1 7 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0

_

_

_

4

13

2

2

2

34

“

2

“

34

66
62

22
22

45
42

7
-

1

i
-

14
28

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

7
-

1
-

i
-

36
15

2

26

59

26
-

8
3
-

-

2
-

-

58
-

21

3

-

58

_

45
44

4 0 .0

2 2 5 .0 0

2 0 2 .5 0

1

26

8

4 0 .0

1 8 0 .0 0 -3 1 7 .0 0

-

-

1

26

3

4 0 .0

2 2 8 .0 0
2 9 5 .0 0

1 9 5 .5 0

69

3 1 7 .0 0

3 1 7 .0 0 -3 1 7 .0 0

-

-

"

-

841

3 9 .5

2 1 7 .0 0

2 0 7 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 4 7 .0 0

-

2
~

14
-

38
12
26

17
14

147

102

29

55

42
-

92

61
4 1

2

1

~

-

-

~

~

-

55

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

55

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

62

33

12

21

5

2

58

65

29

30

9

7

27

11

19

4

2

77
-

42

17
-

4

i
i

55
55

6
6

1

4
-

2
2

1
-

~

~

“
~

”

12

35

i

1

6

8
20

23
13

16
14

13

-

"

-

~

846

387

207

168

1 7 4 .0 0

1 4 7 .0 0 -2 2 1 .5 0

2 5 3 .0 0

1 8 7 .0 0 -3 0 4 .0 0

-

1 7 9 .5 0

1 6 4 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

-

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 5 8 .5 0
2 4 7 .0 0

2 7 7 .0 0
2 5 0 .0 0

2 2 2 .5 0 -2 9 5 .0 0
1 9 2 .5 0 -3 0 7 .0 0

-

-

435
300

4 0 .0

1 7 7 .5 0

1 7 3 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

-

329

-

-

-

~

75
-

661
-

869

218

156

356

119

65

98

86

78

74

105

71

81

156

65

661
-

804

748

496

309

144

51

136

87

200

28

74
98

22

46

109
26
~

27

2

5
32
4

49

~

14

11

28

38
101

17
71

30
40

42
25

72

42

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

-

-

-

1 4 6 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

-

14

59

1

-

1

4

18

-

-

65

59

580

375

111
225

57

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 7 6 .0 0

186
530

223

1 5 0.0 0

140

67

10

-

5

10

-

-

1 .9 0 2

3 9 .5

2 1 1 .5 0

1 9 0 .0 0

1 6 5 .0 0 -2 5 6 .0 0

-

-

-

16

186

497

411

209

70

58

130

69

137

119

-

_

_

363
1 . 5 39

4 0 .0

2 6 9 .0 0
1 9 8.0 0

4

6

36

35

52

91

-

1 6 4 .0 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

-

16

94

34

85

28

2 7 7 .0 0

2 7 7 .0 0 -3 1 3 .0 0

-

491
-

25

2 8 2 .0 0

182
-

50

4 0 .0

49
160
4

33

1 8 3.5 0

37
37 4

20

3 9 .5

162

4

3

79

6

58

7
31

55

15

21

1 7

27

8
7

12

67

_
_
_

168

279

17 6

53

30

10

”

5

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 6 .5 0
1 8 6.5 0

2 3 8 .5 0
1 9 4 .0 0

1 9 2 .5 0 -2 9 9 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

-

3 9 .5

1 7 7 .5 0

1 7 1 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 8 5 .5 0

~

~

16

6

-

24

~

-

2

-

10

-

-

-

1 6 4 .0 0

187
150

-

28

2

1 6 9 .5 0

7 31

-

-

1 5 6 .0 0

8

-

_

3 8 .5

-

-

~

3 9 .5

-

-

674

2 1 7 .5 0 -3 2 0 .5 0

-

-

-

2 .0 6 6

2 7 9 .5 0

-

-

-

91

75
-

-

_

-

■

65
-

58 2

-

34

35

-

-

-

49

2 4 7 .0 0

-

46

17

1 9 2 .5 0

_
-

107

17
8

3 9 .5

-

135

2
6

4 0 .0

-

-

13

3 9 .5

-

55

*

905
3 .8 0 4

-

55

14

4 .7 0 9

-

-

2

-

-

55

4

~

-

-

14

-

-

_
~

2
-

1 4 0 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

-

_

-

1 6 9 .0 0 -2 2 7 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

-

“

-

1 7 2 .5 0

-

-

-

5

-

“

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 6 5 .5 0

2 1 0 .0 0

-

9

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 3 3 .0 0

1 7 8 .5 0

-

9

3 0 3 .0 0 -3 1 3 .0 0

1 6 8.0 0

-

“

3

1 9 5.0 0

2 0 2 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0

“

3

3 1 3 .0 0

3 9 .0

~

-

-

2 0 4 .5 0

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

~

~
-

“

2 9 0 .5 0

85
96

-

4

3 9 .0

144

~

-

4

4 0 .0

2 1 6 .5 0

~

_

80

2 3 0 .0 0

*
-

-

13

14

*
71

_

8

423

4 0 .0

~
-

-

55

36

143

418

“

*

13

36

_

1

-

”

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




~

398

52

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLA S S B --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

~

19

898

224

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLAS S A -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

19

8

-

28

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1978— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
N

U
of
woikers

s

Av erage
weekly

$

t

*

S

S

s

s

s

s

$

$

s

S

s

s

s

t

s

$

s

(standard)

100

110

120

140

160

180

200

220

240

26 0

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

100

Occupation and industry division

110

120

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

28 0

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

460

480

65

75

645
-

683

349

17 1

178

61

92

”

65
-

49
122

"
“

75
-

-

28

-

2
14

6
59

46

70

172

49

90
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S

- CONTINUED

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------W H O L E S A L E T R AD E ----------------R E T A I L T R A D E --------------------F I N A N C E ---------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

2 .8 0 7

3 9 .5

$
1 7 9.5 0

$
1 5 6 .0 0

$
$
1 3 6 .0 0 -2 1 2 .0 0

-

542

4 0 .0

2 3 2 .5 0

2 3 5 .0 0

1 7 2 .0 0 -2 9 1 .5 0

-

2 .2 6 5

3 9 .5

1 6 7.0 0

1 4 8.0 0

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

-

167

3 9 .0

2 3 6.0 0

2 2 6 .5 0

2 0 3 .5 0 -2 7 2 .5 0

-

1 • 335

3 9 .5

T A B U L A T I N G — M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

247

3 9 .5

88

4 0 .0

3 2 8.0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
C L A S S A -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
C L A S S B -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

219

46

104

42

53

38

2

30

21

115
16

16

16

17

20

11

28

81

5

15

2

43

5

1

4

18

10

29

44

35

30

25

15

4

15

13

17

21

8

3

3

14
8

31
21

18
3

9

17
3

12

1

“

10

9

21

25

15

4

-

-

-

7

7

17

12

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

248

4 0 .0

2 4 8 .0 0

2 5 5 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0 -3 1 2 .5 0

-

150

3 9 .5

1 6 9 .0 0

1 6 7 .0 0

1 5 2 .5 0 -1 7 2 .0 0

-

365

3 8 .5

1 6 2 .0 0

1 4 9.5 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

-

1 4 4.5 0

1 3 8.0 0

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

-

65

59

580

362

96

49

87

3 1 2 .5 0

2 7 5 .5 0 -3 4 5 .0 0

-

-

18

18

-

-

-

-

15

3 3 0.5 0

2 9 8 .5 0 -3 5 0 .0 0

-

“

“

“

”

37

2 9 2 .5 0

159

3 9 .5

2 7 3 .0 0

3 1 1.0 0

2 3 3 .5 0 -3 3 8 .0 0

-

48

3 9 .5

2 9 1 .5 0

3 1 1 .0 0

2 3 8 .0 0 -3 1 2 .5 0

~

91

4 0 .0

3 5 2 .5 0

3 5 9 .0 0

4 0 .0

3 5 6 .0 0

3 6 6 .0 0

4 0 .0

3 0 3.5 0

3 1 2 .5 0

2 8 5 .5 0 -3 2 4 .5 0

68

4 0 .0

2 9 0.0 0

3 0 4.5 0

2 6 1 .5 0 -3 1 3 .0 0

3 9 .5

2 7 9 .0 0

2 8 6 .0 0

2 3 8 .0 0 -3 1 2 .5 0

-

“

-

36

-

18

4

-

15

4

2

~

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

13

”

“

-

7

-

-

~

-

_

_

15

2

5

20

31

26

9

-

*
-

"

4
-

3 3 4 .0 0 -3 7 7 .0 0

108

31

3 3 3 .5 0 -3 7 4 .0 0

52

18
~

See fo otn otes at end o f tables.




257
11

99

35

26

8

14

77

72

94

7

622

98

54

8

645

148

29
149
26

-

15

2

1

14

23

11

2

-

-

13

-

-

8

15

-

“
”

"

~

_

-

“

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1978
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
Number
of
workers

s

s

*

Av erage
weekly

$

$

S

S

$

$

(standard

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

190

160

180

200

220

290

260

s

*

s

$

$

s

$

s

s

$

%

%

and
under

-

-

-

-

-

-

160

180

200

220

290

260

280

23

280

300

320

390

360

380

9 00

920

990

960

500

590

-

120

190

Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

580

300

320

390

360

380

9 00

9 20

990

960

500

590

580

over

58

118

193

ALL W O R K E R S

C O MP UT ER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
(BUS INESS) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------F I N A N C E -----------------------S E R V I C E S ----------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BU S IN ES S) . C L AS S A -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------F I N A N C E ------------------------S E R V I C E S ----------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B US IN ES S) . C L A S S B -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------F I N A N C E ------------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CL ASS C -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------W H O L E S A L E TRAOE --------------FI NA N C E ------------------------S E R V I C E S ----------------------C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (B US IN ES S)
CLA SS A --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------W H O L E S A L E TRADE --------------F I N A N C E ------------------------S E R V I C E S ----------------------C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (B US IN ES S)
CLA SS B --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------W H O L E S A L E TRAOE --------------FI N A N C E ------------------------S E R V I C E S ----------------------C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (B US IN ES S)
CLASS C --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------WH O L E S A L E TRADE --------------F I N A N C E -------------------------

See fo o tn o te s

2 .3 8 8

3 9 .5

$
9 3 0 .0 0

$
9 3 0 .0 0

$
$
3 6 1 .5 0 -5 0 2 .0 0

1 .27 8

9 0 .0

4 4 3 .0 0

9 5 2 .0 0

3 7 2 .0 0 -5 0 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

1 f 110

3 8 .5

9 1 9 .5 0

3 9 9 .0 0

3 9 9 .5 0 -9 9 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

389

3 8 .5

3 7 1 .0 0

3 7 0 .0 0

3 3 6 .0 0 -9 0 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

69

3 9 .0

3 8 2.0 0

3 7 9 .5 0

3 3 3 .5 0 -9 2 5 .0 0

-

-

-

12
-

9

222

196

190

195

169

376

199

39

9

30

96

115

73

63

76

85

85

1 59
99

395

2

223

203

138

31

12

7

19

28

72

107

6

7

4

21

23

51

73
48

130
57

119
69

60
31

79
30

55
17

122
22

173
1

61
2

~

•

-

~

10

17

12

5

2

10

-

_

_

_

_

_

85

62

79

86

170

229

156

39

-

-

-

~

2

-

5

28

29

21

37

71

71

95

31

-

-

22
6

50

-

-

2

8

27

16

95

57

33

58

99

99

158

61

-

-

-

-

2

8

15

12

21

40

27

29

17

22

1

2

3
-

-

12

5

-

20

“

5

“

“

117

78

93

3 9 .0

9 7 3 .5 0

9 1 9 .0 0 -5 2 1 .5 0

396

4 0 .0

9 9 5 .5 0

4 9 9 .0 0

9 9 3 .5 0 -5 5 0 .5 0

-

-

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

9 5 9 .5 0

3 9 9 .0 0 -5 2 0 .0 0

-

-

-

9 0 2 .5 0

9 6 5.5 0
3 9 9 .0 0

3 6 7 .0 0 -9 3 3 .5 0

-

-

-

59

3 9 .0

4 0 0 .0 0

3 9 9.0 0

1 .01 8

3 9 .5
9 0 .0

9 0 9 .0 0
4 2 0 .0 0

3 8 1 .5 0

656

9 2 8 .5 0

3 3 6 .0 0 -9 7 9 .5 0
3 3 5 .5 0 -5 0 2 .0 0

362
119

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

3 7 9 .5 0
3 8 1 .0 0

3 7 0 .5 0
3 7 0 .5 0

3 3 6 .0 0 -3 9 3 .5 0
3 6 5 .5 0 -3 9 1 .0 0

171

3 8 .0

3 5 2 .0 0

3 5 0 .0 0

3 2 5 .5 0 -3 7 8 .0 0

'

3 6 9 .5 0 -9 2 5 .0 0

9 8 2 .5 0

358

3 9 .5

3 8 0 .0 0

3 9 2.0 0

3 2 2 .5 0 -9 9 0 .5 0

132

3 8 .5

3 1 3 .0 0

3 1 2 .0 0

3 9 .5

3 5 2 .5 0

3 5 6 .5 0

2 9 8 .5 0 -9 0 9 .0 0

981

4 0 .0

3 8 0.0 0

3 7 9 .5 0

3 3 1 .0 0 -9 3 2 .5 0

1 .0 5 2

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 2 7 .0 0

3 2 8.5 0

2 7 0 .0 0 -3 8 2 .0 0

27

12

_

_

_

_

_

_

68

59

95

114

191

93

-

-

5

29

90

157
108

107

-

61

37

22

21

39

39

99

126

93

-

-

-

-

-

-

80

56

22

20

6

20

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
5

46

-

17
2

99

-

3
1

10

8

-

-

19

11

39

35

4
6

4

2

9
4

6

~

22
29

1

~

92
36

“

“

“

”

_

_

-

*

-

8

66

-

-

-

-

44

21

17

29

49

“

20

25

21

31

19

6
-

36

22

16

4

6

20

18

-

_

-

2
2
-

_

12

7

15

38

17

26

27

40

31

23

61

6

_

_

7

11

15
9

90

12

36

31

11

5

1

5

1

-

3

-

-

-

83

89

1 17

110

168

160

203

227

178

191

196

93

145

49

7

-

20

46
-

17

24

19

37

73

95

102

107

99

83

99

60

104

-

46
-

66

60
-

98

73

95

65

101

120

79

58

52

33

41

90
9

7

46
-

15

26

36

38

55

46

90

31

20

26

29

92

13

25

21

17

4

11

12

12

2

9

2

16

35

7

7

~

~

12

36

13

44

88

79

84

112

80

1 39

2
10

10
26

7
6

21

32

41

93

75

50

101

23
-

56

38

41

37

30

38

-

353

3 8 .5

2 9 7 .0 0

2 8 8 .0 0

2 3 0 .5 0 -3 5 0 .0 0

2

-

8

187

3 9 .0

2 9 4.0 0

2 7 8 .0 0

2 4 1 .0 0 -3 6 4 .0 0

“

“

807
449

9 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 0 6 .0 0

9 1 9 .5 0

3 6 8 .0 0 -9 5 7 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

9 3 2 .5 0

3 9 0 .0 0 -9 7 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

358

3 8 5 .5 0

3 9 5 .0 0 -9 3 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

9 3 6 .0 0

9 2 5 .0 0

9 0 5 .0 0 -9 6 5 .5 0

118

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 2 5 .5 0
3 8 1 .0 0

96

3 9 .5

3 7 6 .5 0
3 2 7.0 0

3 7 6 .0 0
3 5 0 .0 0

3 9 1 .5 0 -9 3 6 .0 0
2 7 0 .5 0 -3 7 8 .0 0

106

3 8 2 .0 0

3 4 5 .5 0 -4 1 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

_

_

818

3 9 .5

384

9 0 .0

3 5 9.5 0

359 .0 0

3 2 9 .5 0 -3 9 1 .0 0

-

-

-

3 9 .5

3 1 7.5 0

3 2 7 .0 0

2 7 0 .0 0 -3 6 9 .0 0

-

3 7 5 .0 0

3 7 1 .0 0

3 5 2 .0 0 -3 9 2 .0 0

-

12

9 0 .0

-

-

12

~

~

3 9 6.5 0

2 8 9 .0 0 -3 7 8 .0 0

131

3 8 .5

2 7 9 .0 0

2 7 5 .0 0

2 6 0 .0 0 -3 0 7 .5 0

3 8 .5

2 6 9 .0 0

2 6 2 .5 0

2 3 2 .0 0 -2 9 0 .0 0

~

-

-

79

5

6

“

"

_

-

434
160

3 3 5.0 0

3 7 9 .0 0

_

41

-

2
2

8

-

8
-

395

'

-

-

2 8 7 .5 0 -3 3 1 .0 0

2 .0 3 3

_

“

_

616
191

1 .01 2

3

5

20

“

_

~

6
14

-

~

49

7

_

90
9

7
-

-

23

7

4

12

17

23
4

17

10

7
19

16

2
7

1 1

12

12

2

-

9

1

7

30

7

7

~

“

62
29

56
28

78
37

130

120

91

51

34

13

6

41

69
56

55
36

36
15

10

28

72
58

19

33

15

3

3
3

-

3

27

26

40

15
-

15
-

3
-

3
-

-

-

13

39

69

37

8
26

9
60

-

-

~

1

11

9

35

20

23

6

12

2

28
-

8

20

7

17

7

~

1

9

5

-

1 1
-

-

~

i
14

51

11

-

-

19

12

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 8 3 .0 0

3 0 2 .0 0

2 2 8 .0 0 -3 3 0 .5 0

2

_

76

69

29

19

8

6

_

_

9 0 .0

3 0 8 .0 0

3 2 1 .5 0

3 0 2 .0 0 -3 3 3 .5 0

-

-

-

20

-

26
3

19

148

-

6

6

35

51

9

11

3

4

-

-

-

-

-

260

3 9 .0

2 6 8 .5 0

2 7 1 .5 0

2 1 1 .5 0 -3 1 1 .5 0

2

-

8

35

23

19

20

30

91

18

20

8

5

2

-

-

3 2 3.5 0

3 1 9 .5 0

3 0 1 .5 0 -3 5 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

15

23

9

12

2

-

-

-

3 8 .0

2 2 9 .5 0

2 0 9 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0 -2 6 9 .5 0

2

-

8

32

20

9

13

7

9

3

1

8
-

5

109

5
-

-

-

4 0 .0

-

-

79

34
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

408

3 9 .5

8

at end o f t a b le s .




~

8

59

35

26

36

_
-

_

_

_

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1978 — Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f—
Number

Occupation and in dustry d iv is io n
workers

s

Average
weekly
Vinnrc 1
(standard)

Me an 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

1
120

190

s

S

*
160

180

200

s
220

s
240

%
260

$
280

S

s

%
300

320

340

S

$
360

380

and
under
140

S

%
9 00

920

$
4 40

S

s
960

s

50C

540

and
over

580

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

160

180

200

220

290

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

4 20

440

9 60

500

590

580

150

176

206

196

17

0

101

109

131

106

137

115

103

1 33

18

15

7

“

65
14 1

57
139

56
119

44

50

70

95

88

107

-

20

26

7
-

~
-

61

18
-

14

59

82
24

108

57

-

-

-

i i

2

-

-

-

-

22
_

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

ALL W O R K E R S - CGNTINUED
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------W H O L E S A L E TRA O E ---------R E T A I L TRAD E -------------F I N A N C E -------------------S E R V I C E S -------------------

1 .97 9

3 9 .5

$
2 7 4 .0 0

$
2 5 9 .0 0

$
$
2 0 9 .0 0 -3 9 5 .5 0

1 t 018

4 0 .0

3 0 6.0 0

3 2 2.0 0

961

3 9 .0

2 9 0 .0 0

2 2 6 .5 0

2 2 7 .5 0 -3 7 5 .5 0
1 9 2 .0 0 -2 7 8 .5 0

9

97

-

40

97

70

57
-

103

106

121

3 9 .5

2 6 5 .0 0

2 9 3 .5 0

2 3 3 .5 0 -3 0 2 .0 0

9
-

1

5

9

92

6

16

23

3

29
-

3

15
-

148

3 9 .5

2 9 9.0 0

3 2 9 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0 -3 7 7 .5 0

-

6

28

12

-

4

4

4

19

10

3 9 .5

2 3 6.0 0

2 9 9.5 0

1 9 5 .0 0 -2 6 9 .5 0

-

8

5

8

9

7
4

6

81

25

5

7

5

3

2

16
_

19
-

1

379

3 8 .5

2 1 4.0 0

2 1 1.0 0

1 8 5 .0 0 -2 3 6 .5 0

9

28

91

69

78

59

44

16

-

1

3 9 .5

2 3 6 .0 0

2 2 9 .5 0

2 0 0 .0 0 -2 7 0 .0 0

-

15

28

12

95

27

3 3

21

13
19

12

237

17

4

526

3 9 .5

3 2 4 .0 0

3 1 9.0 0

2 5 5 .0 0 -3 8 7 .5 0

-

-

4

9

29

92

62

28

36

55

16

90

271

3 7 7.0 0
286 .00

3 1 9 .5 0 -9 1 6 .5 0

-

8
20

4

10

9

20

2 9 8 .0 0 -3 1 7 .0 0

32

95

2 7 0 .5 0 -3 1 7 .0 3

-

7

1

16

7
-

20

3 1 7.0 0

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS. CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------W H O L E S A L E TRA O E ---------F I N A N C E --------------------S E R V I C E S -------------------

1

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

49

45

72

17

15

7

_

_

_

40
9

38

55

17

14

7

17

7
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

22

1

9
-

7
-

20

-

6 1
2

-

-

9

6

11

26

8

9

8

-

1

-

-

-

-

8

22

5

18

15

-

15

63

1 20

133

128

7 6

50

52

38

51

79

58

53

4

68

26

22

32
44

17

26

27

36

72

97

95

9 0 .0

3 5 5.0 0

255

3 9 .5

30

9 0 .0

2 9 1.5 0
3 0 6.0 0

82

3 9 .0

2 5 8 .5 0

2 5 1 .5 0

2 3 9 .0 0 -2 8 9 .0 0

-

83

9 0 .0

2 8 9 .0 0

2 8 6 .0 0

2 9 8 .5 0 -3 1 2 .0 0

-

981

3 9 .5

2 6 9.5 0

2 9 6 .0 0

2 0 9 .0 0 -3 9 1 .5 0

-

975

9 0 .0

3 0 8 .0 0

3 3 0 .5 0

2 3 8 .5 0 -3 7 0 .0 0

-

18
-

-

506

3 9 .0

2 2 0 .0 0

1 9 8 .0 0 -2 5 9 .0 0

75

3 9 .5

2 5 2.0 0

2 3 8.0 0

2 3 3 .5 0 -2 8 9 .5 0

-

90

9 0 .0

2 3 3 .5 0
2 7 5.0 0

2 5 2.5 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -3 6 7 .0 0

-

4
-

182

3 8 .5

2 1 3 .5 0

2 1 1 .5 0

1 9 5 .0 0 -2 2 2 .0 0

121

3 9 .5

2 1 6.5 0

2 1 5.0 0

972

15

2

1
1
-

18

59

52

107

106

33

26

11

1

1

3

15

2

2

28

5

8
-

91

-

7

6

3

-

1

6

2
9

3

18

37

62

1 2

7

4

4

13

7

32

35
19

8
-

15

1 8 6 .0 0 -2 9 0 .0 0

COMP UT ER OPERATORS. CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------F I N A N C E ---------------------

1

1 1

16

i

2

4

1

i

1 1

_
_

2

_

1
_

-

-

-

-

-

61

1

_

_

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

8
-

52
9
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

9

-

-

-

*

-

-

“

“

-

-

7
-

”

-

16

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS. CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------F I N A N C E -------------------S E R V I C E S -------------------

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .5

2 2 7 .5 0

2 1 1.5 0

1 6 2 .0 0 -2 9 5 .0 0

9

79

83

47

44

26

32

23

21

38

39

18

8

5

-

-

-

-

272

9 0 .0

2 5 9 .0 0

2 6 8.0 0

1 6 6 .0 0 -3 1 8 .5 0

-

90

39

2

17

13

23

33

37

16

-

-

-

-

-

1 8 5 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 1 2 .0 0

9

39

44

45

5

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 8 .5

1 8 2 .0 0

1 7 9 .5 0

1 5 1 .5 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

9

25

23

23

13

9
6

1

110

27
10

13

5
-

-

1 9 1 .0 0

8
-

-

3 9 .0

19
4

20

200

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

O R A F T E R S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------S E R V I C E S -------------------

4 t 443

4 0 .0

3 8 6.5 0

3 9 2.0 0

3 1 8 .0 0 -9 6 5 .0 0

17

23

86

29

92

81

113

198

261

241

263

391

277

270

289

362

607

588

-

3 .998

4 0 .0

4 1 0 .5 0

9 2 7 .0 0

3 5 1 .5 0 -9 8 1 .5 0

5

10

37

12

27

29

56

112

183

122

163

255
169

263

237

238

270

393

598

579

-

-

995
112

4 0 .0

3 0 3.0 0

3 0 8.0 0

2 9 9 .5 0 -3 6 0 .0 0

13

78

119

100

86

128

40

32

3 0 8.0 0
3 0 1.5 0

2 9 0 .5 0
3 0 8 .0 0

2 7 5 .0 0 -3 9 0 .5 0

6

5

9

6

3

11

9
-

9
-

-

-

12

35
29

19
-

2 3 0 .5 0 -3 6 0 .0 0

22
62

19
-

837

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

12
-

86

11 3

67

77

122

37

20

19

18

9

9

-

-

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------S E R V I C E S -------------------

2 .9 6 5

4 0 .0

4 4 6 .0 0

9 5 7 .5 0

9 0 9 .0 0 -9 9 8 .0 0

-

11

35

120

58

57

178

109

195

221

329

6 09

588

-

-

23

-

-

-

17
-

65
-

57
-

13

49

17

65

57

57
15
92

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

10

i

13

9

74

89

122

-

10

12

83

95

48

109

23

19

595
9

579
9

12

82

95

48

104

20
19

20 2
19

310

-

11

19

18

9

9

-

-

4 6 2.5 0

4 6 9 .5 0

9 3 6 .5 0 -5 0 9 .5 0

-

-

-

901

9 0 .0

3 5 9 .5 0

3 6 0.0 0

3 1 7 .0 0 -3 7 9 .0 0

-

-

-

386

9 0 .0

3 5 7.5 0

3 5 5.0 0

3 1 7 .0 0 -3 7 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

O R A F T E R S . C L A S S B -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------S E R V I C E S -------------------

1 .109

4 0 .0

3 9 2.0 0

3 5 7 .0 0

2 9 2 .0 0 -3 9 1 .5 0

-

-

-

10

36

38

61

91

85

29

109

122

167

151

116

68

33

3

-

-

-

9 0 .0

3 6 9 .5 0

3 7 9 .5 0

3 9 7 .0 0 -9 0 9 .5 0

-

-

-

5

8

12

23

36

16

61

33

3

-

-

-

2 8 7.5 0

2 7 5 .5 0

2 9 7 .0 0 -3 2 8 .0 0

-

-

99

8

93

83

2 9 6 .5 0

2 8 8.5 0

2 7 5 .0 0 -3 0 6 .0 0

-

30
~

68

-

31
-

49

9 0 .0

10
-

107
9

68

3 9 .5

193
29

131

370

93
29

12

21

27

4

2

9

6

2

-

-

-

-

295

9 0 .0

2 8 0 .0 0

2 6 0 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0 -3 9 0 .0 0

10

31

30

37

97

8

4

13

20

18

18

9

“

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------S E R V I C E S -------------------

652

-C
o

49
-

-

51

17

52

35

10

44

105

82

99

75

46

17

9

-

-

-

953

9 0 .0

10

10

8

2

38

88

59

87

96

17

9

-

-

-

27

-

-

-

-

27

-

-

-

-

See fo o t n o t e s

7 39

4 0 .0

o

2 .069

2 8 8 .5 0

309 .00

2 3 9 .5 0 -3 3 6 .0 0

-

3 1 1.0 0

3 1 9 .5 0

2 8 2 .5 0 -3 4 4 .5 0

-

199

9 0 .0

2 3 7.0 0

2 2 0.0 0

4 0 .0

2 3 2 .5 0

2 1 9 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 9 8 .0 0

10

1 7 6 .0 0 -2 9 8 .0 0

183

10
-

-

41

7

18
39

10

41

7

39

at end o f t a b l e s .




-

9

8
5

37

6

17

28

12

66
9

5

9

27

9

9

20

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

120

ISO

160

180

200

220

26 0

260

280

300

320

360

360

380

600

620

160

160

180

200

220

260

260

280

32
32

300

320

360

360

380

6 00

620

660

52
50

DRAFTERS - CONTINUED

$

$

DRAFTER-TRACERS ----------------------------MANUF A C T U R I N 6 -------------------------------

217
192

60.0
60.0

23 5. 00 257.50 1 7 0 . 0 0 26 5. 50 261.50 2 1 8 . 0 0 -

28 0. 00
28 3 .0 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------N0NHANUFACTURIN6 -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S ----------------------

311
219
92
63

6 0 . 0 356.50 376.50 3 1 6 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 383.00 376.50 3 6 5 . 5 0 6 0 . 0 29 3. 03 275.00 2 2 0 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 322.50 360.00 1 8 0 . 0 0 -

62 0 .0 0
620.00
35 8. 00
62 1. 00

6 0 . 0 60 3 .5 0 620.00 3 7 3 . 5 0 -

66 5. 00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS A-

79

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS BHANUFACTURING -------------------------------

159
125

60.0
60.0

351.50 351.50 2 8 2 . 5 0 378.50 376.50 3 3 5 . 5 0 -

616 .50
62 0 .0 0

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

506
6 53

6 0 . 0 33 5 .0 0 362.50 3 1 0 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 33 7. 50 366.00 3 1 1 . 5 0 3 9 . 0 315 .00 326.50 2 6 9 . 0 0 -

35
27

36 6. 00
36 9. 00
36 7 .0 0

16
16

20
20

27
25
2

See footnotes at end of tables.

10

85
72
13

121
111

58
56

62
60

660

660

500

560

-

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED




660

and
under

-

-

and

580

500

560

580

over

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
in Detroit, Mich., March 1978
Average
(mean2)
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry div is ion

OFFICE

Number
of
workers

W
eekly
h rn
o 's
(standard)

W
eekly
earnings1
(standard)

O C C U P A T I O N S - HE N

MESSENGERS!
N A N U F A C T U R I N G --nonmanufacturing:
F I N A N C E -------S E R V I C E S ------O R O E R C L E R K S --------H A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONHANUFACTURING
W H O L E S A L E TRAO E

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

81
71
50

38.5
38. 5

136.50
132.50

A 59
117
342
342

40.0
39. 5
40.0
4 0. 0

269

SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
S E C R E T A R I E S # C L AS S C

169
169

O R DE R C L E R K S . C L A S S B N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -----W H O L E S A L E TRA O E -----

190
173
173

4 0. 0 237.50
4 0 . 0 231.00
4 0 . 0 231.00

306

40.0

nonmanufacturing

100

75

40.0
40.0

TABULATING-HACHINE OPERATORS.
C L A S S A -------------------------

66

355.50

SECRETARIES. CLASS A
H A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONHANUFACTURING:
F I N A N C E ----------SECRETARIES. CLASS B
H A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONHANUFACTURING
W H O L E S A L E T R AO E -■
R E T A I L T R A O E ----F I N A N C E -----------S E R V I C E S ----------

S e e fo o t n o t e s

TR ANSCRIBING NACHINE
NO NN A N U F A C T U R I N G

1,040
87
953
152
642

39.0
4 0. 0
39. 0
40. 0
38.5

$
142.50
192.00
138.00
148.50
132.00

4 0 . 0 305.00
3 8. 5 211 .50
3 7 . 5 23 0. 00

FI LE C L E R K S .

3 9 . 5 238 .00
4 0 . 0 259 .50
3 9 . 0 213 .00
4 0 . 0 24 1. 50

FI LE C L E R K S . C L A S S B
H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G --F I N A N C E ------------

372
59
313
226

39. 0
4 0. 0
38.5
38.5

3 9. 5
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
37.5

230*00
238.50
22 0. 50
26 9. 00
25 7. 50
20 7. 00

FI LE C L E R K S . C L AS S
NONHANUFACTURING W H O L E S A L E TRAOE
F I N A N C E ---------

617
594
116
375

39.5 129.50
39 .5 129.00
4 0. 0 135.50
39.0 123.00
39.0 146.00
4 0 . 0 193.50

205 .50
217.50
201.00
271.50
153.50
168.00

H E S S E N G E R S -----------N A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONHANUFACTURING:
F I N A N C E ---------

280
63

3 9. 5
40.0
39.0
40.0
3 8. 5
38.0

92

37.5

132.50

3 9. 5
40.0
39.0
40.0
37.0

24 2. 50
243.50
24 1. 00
277.50
24 7. 00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
H A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONHANUFACTURING —
F I N A N C E ----------S E R V I C E S ---------

531
152
379
91
97

39.5
4 0. 0
39. 0
38.5
38 .0

194.50
268.00
165.00
159.50
154.00

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------W H O L E S A L E TRA O E ----------------R E T A I L T R AD E --------------------F I N A N C E --------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

901
335
566
26
183
94
110
153

39. 0
40.0
3 9. 0
40.0
4 0. 0
39. 5
36. 5
39 .0

172.00
183.00
165.50
251.50
169.50
144.00
164.00
160.50

NONNANUFACTURING

O R OE R C L E R K S --------N A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONHANUFACTURING W H O L E S A L E TRADE

642
264
378
324

39. 5
39 .5
3 9. 0
4 0. 0

173.00
181.50
167.00
175.50

242
219
96

3 9 . 0 182.00
3 9 . 0 178.00
3 9 . 5 179.50

2.3 92
486
1,906
301
188
759
511

TYPISTS

3 9 . 0 181.50
4 0 . 0 227 .50
3 8. 5 170.00
4 0 . 0 242.00
4 0 . 0 193.00
3 8. 5 142 .50
37. 5 165.00
3 9 . 0 220 .50
4 0 . 0 246.00
3 8 . 5 208.50
4 0 . 0 292.00
38. 5 163.50
37. 5 190.50
39. 0 154.00
4 0 . 0 194.50
38. 5 148.50
4 0 . 0 193.50
4 0 . 0 175.00
3 8. 5 136 .50
3 7. 5 141.00

8.386
4,833
3.553
834
1.446
562

40.0
3 9. 0
40.0
38 .5
3 7. 5

305.00
243.00
296.50
209.50
237.50

568
379

39 .5
40.0

319.00
342.00

72

38 .5

272.50

986
313
673
149
176
249

2,001
1.081
9 20
158
117
372
178

3 9. 5

298.50
332.00
3 9. 0 259.00
319.00
39.5 231.00
229.50
3 8. 0 264.00

1.406
173
1.2 33
152
109
583
262

1T r 1 j 1wt LL A j j

A

NO NN A N U F A C T U R I N G

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

at end o f t a b le s .




H A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONHANUFACTURING W H O L E S A L E TRAOE
F I N A N C E ---------

1.350
855
495
111
168

O F F I C E O C C U P A T I O N S - W O HE N
S E C R E T A R I E S ---------N A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONHANUFACTURING
W H O L E S A L E TRA O E
F I N A N C E --------S E R V I C E S -------

$
28 4. 50
307 .50

717
208
509
134
57
171

328.50
328.00

121

W
eekly
W
eekly
earnings1
h re
ou
(standard) (standard)

2.067
1.063
1 .004
218
153
339

NO NN A NUF A C TU RI NG

4 0. 0 315.00
39 .5 267.50

O
o
a
*

TABULATING-HACHINE OPERATORS
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------

occupation, and industry divis ion

1.918
1,029
889
50

314.50
322.50

73
62

PAYROLL CLERKS —
MANUFACTURING

Sex,

408
488
263

306.50

-A A
o o
o o

370
281
89

3 9. 5
40.0

:

4 0 . 0 272.50
39. 5 273.50
4 0. 0 272.00
4 0 . 0 272.00

AC COUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A
H A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

O F FI CE O C C U P A T I O N S WOHEN— CONTINUEO
3.775
2.291

258.00
278.0 0
251.00
251.00

O R OE R C L E R K S . C L A S S A
N A N U F A C T U R I N G ------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ---W H O L E S A L E TRAO E —

AC COUNTING CLERKS:
HANUFACTURING -

Weekly
(standard)

OF FI CE O C C U P A T I O N S WOMEN— CONTINUEO
$
4 0 . 0 195.00

Average
(mean2)

A vera ge
( m ea n2)
Number
of
workers

11

CLASS A

51

38.0 170.50
160.50
206.00
152.00
142.00

66

4 0 . 0 254.00

O R OE R C L E R K S . C L A S S B
H A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ---W H O L E S A L E TRAOE ---

576
217
359
305

39. 5 164.00
39. 5 169.50
39.0 160.50
4 0 . 0 168.00

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S ------H A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ---W H O L E S A L E TRA OE --R E T A I L T R A O E ------F I N A N C E ------------S E R V I C E S ------------

4,681
1,687
2 »994
476
1.085
772
499

OR OE R C L E R K S .

C L AS S A

39. 0
4 0. 0
39. 0
40. 0
39.0
37.5
38.5

197.50
227.50
180.50
197.00
172.50
172.50
171.00

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Detroit, Mich., March 1978— Continued
Av erage
( m e a n 2)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry div is ion

Weekl y
hours
(standard

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFF I CE O C C U P A T I O N S WOMEN— CONTINUED

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------F I N A N C E -------------------BO OK KE EPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLA S S A -------------------------' N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------BO OKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
C L AS S B -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------MAC H IN E B I L L E R S -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -•
PUBLIC UTILITIES
W H O L E S A L E TRADE •
B I L L I N G - M A C H I N E BI L L E R S
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---PA YR O L L C L E R K S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES
R E T A I L TRA DE --F I N A N C E ---------S E R V I C E S --------KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURING
W H O L E S A L E TRADE
RE T A I L TRA D E —
F I N A N C E --------S E R V I C E S -------

S e e fo o tn o te s




Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

3 9 .0

$
2 3 2 .0 0

787

9 0 .0

2 6 3 .5 0

953

3 8 .5

2 0 6 . OC

96

2 6 5 .0 0
2 8 4 .0 0

83

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

266

3 9 .0

1 9 0.0 0

333

3 7 .5

1 9 2 .0 0

175

3 8 .5

1 8 8 .5 0

2 .99 1

3 9 .0

1 7 7.0 0

900

9 0 .0

1 9 6.0 0

2 .09 1
393

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 8 .5 0
1 7 8.5 0

819

3 9 .0

1 6 7.0 0

939

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 6 1 .5 0

282

3 9 .0
9 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

1 5 8 .0 0

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

We ekl y
earnings1
(standard)

3 9 .5

1 9 8.0 0

2 6 9 .0 0

162

9 0 .0

2 8 2 .0 0

186

4 0 .0

2 9 6 .0 0

7 31

3 9 .5

1 7 7.5 0

2 ,6 8 8

3 9 .5

1 7 9.0 0

590

9 0 .0

2 3 2.5 0

2 ,1 9 8

3 9 .5

1 6 5.5 0

4 0 .0

2 9 7.0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
CONTINUED

$
3 9 2 .5 0

(BUSINESS) -

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
C L AS S B ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------W H O L E S A L E TRA DE ----------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
CL AS S C ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------nonmanufacturing:
F I N A N C E ---------------------------

539

3 9 .5

279

9 0 .0

3 5 9 .0 0

260

3 9 .5

3 2 9 .5 0

117

9 0 .0

3 7 4 .0 0

221
86

3 9 .5

2 8 8 .0 0

9 0 .0

3 1 3 .0 0

57

3 8 .5

2 4 3 .5 0

1 .90 7

3 9 .5

2 8 5 .5 0

753

4 0 .0

3 1 9 .5 0

659

3 9 .5

2 4 6 .5 0

88

3 9 .5

3 3 6 .5 0

1 9 6 .0 0

52

1 ,5 0 7

2 0 7 .0 0

222

3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 9 8 .5 0

60

KEY E N TR Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------W H O L E S A L E TRADE ----------------R E T A I L TR AD E --------------------F I N A N C E --------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

In .s o

1 ,86 8
361

1 5 7 .5 0

329

KEY E N TR Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------W H O L E S A L E TRADE ----------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

of
workers

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - HE N — C O N T I N U E D

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS - CONTINUED
1 .74 0

S e x , 3 occupation, and industry di vis io n

95

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

2 9 1 .5 0

150

3 9 .5

1 6 9.0 0

335

3 8 .5

1 6 2.0 0

1 ,32 8

3 9 .5

1 9 9.5 0

113

3 9 .0

2 6 1.0 0

71

3 8 .5

2 2 1 .5 0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - HE N

187

3 9 .0

1 7 5.0 0

199

3 9 .0

1 7 9 .0 0

209

4 0 .0

2 1 9 .0 0

186
69

4 0 .0
9 0 .0

2 2 1 .0 0
2 9 5.0 0

110

9 0 .0

1 8 0 .0 0

161

9 0 .0

2 2 5 .0 0

193
69

9 0 .0

2 2 8 .0 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 0 7 .5 0

356

9 0 .0

2 1 3 .5 0

906

3 9 .0

2 0 2 .5 0

77

9 0 .0

2 8 8 .0 0

199

3 9 .0

78

3 8 .5

2 0 0 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 8 3 .0 0

3 9 .5

9 .5 5 6

3 9 .5

1 9 2 .5 0

901

9 0 .0

2 9 7 .0 0

3 .65 5

3 9 .5

4 0 .0

4 4 8 .0 0

279

3 8 .0

3 7 3.5 0

69

3 9 .0

3 8 2.0 0

9 0 .0

2 9 6 .5 0

269

3 9 .5

1 7 5.0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B US IN ES S) . CL AS S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------nonmanufacturing:
f i n a n c e --------------------------C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (B US I N E S S ) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------nonmanufacturing:
W H O L E S A L E TRAD E ----------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

376

4 0 .0

9 9 6 .5 0

190

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

9 1 1 .0 0

59

9 0 0 .0 0

829

3 9 .5

4 1 0 .5 0

598

9 0 .0

9 2 3 .5 0

116

3 8 .0

699

3 8 .5

1 7 0 .0 0

2 .05 9

3 9 .5

1 5 6 .0 0

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (B US IN E S S ) .
CL AS S A -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E TRADE ----------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

at end o f ta b le s .

12

60

3 9 .5

2 3 7 .0 0

252
190

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

2 1 6 .0 0
2 3 8 .0 0
3 3 3 .5 0

9 26

3 9 .5

233

4 0 .0

3 6 5 .0 0

193

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 9 5 .5 0

76

3 9 .5

2 8 6 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------FI NA N C E -------------------S E R V I C E S -------------------

689

3 9 .5

2 7 9 .0 3

351

9 0 .0

3 1 8 .0 0

338

3 9 .0

2 3 8 .5 0

1 39

3 8 .5

2 1 1 .5 0

95

4 0 .0

2 1 2 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------F I N A N C E --------------------

292

3 9 .5

2 3 1 .5 0

169

4 0 .0

2 6 0 .0 0

123

3 9 .0

1 9 2 .5 0

65

3 9 .0

1 9 2 .0 0

D R A F T E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONMANUFACTURING —
P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S
S E R V I C E S ---------

9 .2 8 8

9 0 .0

3 9 0 .5 0

3 .3 7 0

9 0 .0

4 1 3 .0 0

918

9 0 .0

3 0 6 .5 0

93
779

9 0 .0

3 1 1 .0 0

4 0 .0

3 0 5 .0 0

O R A F TE RS . C L AS S A
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
S E R V I C E S ------

2 .9 9 2

4 0 .0

4 4 7 .0 0

D R A F TE RS . C L A S S B -•
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -•
P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S
S E R V I C E S ---------

53

2 5 5 .5 0

3 9 7 .5 0

1 ,9 1 9

3 9 .5

3 6 6 .0 0

754

9 0 .0

3 9 0 .5 0

256

4 0 .0

192

3 9 .0

2 9 9.5 0

2 .05 8

9 0 .0

4 6 3 .0 0

389

9 0 .0

369

9 0 .0

3 6 1 .0 0
3 5 9 .0 0

1 .0 7 3

4 0 .0

3 4 4 .0 0

729

4 0 .0

3 6 9 .5 0

399

3 9 .5

2 9 0 .0 0

72

9 0 .0

2 9 6 .5 0

230

9 0 .0

2 8 3 .5 0

606

2 8 9 .0 0

3 8 9 .0 0

1 7 9.0 0

931

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B US IN ES S) . C L AS S A:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------nonmanufacturing:
F I N A N C E --------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

operators

MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
W H O L E S A L E TRADE
RE T A I L TRA D E —
F I N A N C E --------S E R V I C E S -------

9 3 6 .5 0

1 ,16 1

1 6 8.0 0

91

1 ,8 3 1

295 .0 0

762

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S AN AL YS TS
(B US IN ES S) ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------nonmanufacturing:
F I N A N C E --------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

computer

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------F I N A N C E -------------------SE R V I C E S -------------------

2 4 4 .5 0

73

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R S ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

295

659

4 0 .0

9 1 1 .0 0

394

4 0 .0

9 2 9 .0 0

265

3 9 .5

3 8 3 .5 0

94

4 0 .0

9 3 7 .0 0

87

3 9 .5

3 2 5 .5 0

O R A F TE RS . C L A S S C
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
S E R V I C E S ------

9 33

o

A C C O U N T I N G CL E R K S . C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------W H O L E S A L E TRA DE --------R E T A I L TRA D E ------------F I N A N C E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------

Weekly
hours1
[standard)

O

A C C O U N T I N G C L ER KS , C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------W H O L E S A L E TRA DE --------R E T A I L TRAD E ------------F I N A N C E ------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number

OF FI CE O C C U P A T I O N S WOMEN— CONTINUED

ACCOUNTING CLERKS - CONTINUED

Av era ge
(m ean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

9 0 .0

3 1 1 .0 0

173

9 0 .0

2 3 2 .5 0

165

4 0 .0

2 3 0 .0 0

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in D etroit, M ich ., M arch 1978 — Continued
Average
(mean2)
Sex,

3

occu p a tio n ,

and

in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN— C O N T I N U E D
DPAFTFRS

Sex, 3 occu p a tio n ,

and in d u s try

d iv isio n

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

$

167

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

309

4 0 .0

217

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 9 3 .0 0

mj.u

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------nonmanufacturing:
W H O L E S A L E TRADE -----------------

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B USIN ESS) - C O N T I N U E D

3 2 2.5 0

and in d u s try d iv is io n

Weekly
houre
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

$
497

3 9 .5

2 4 7.5 0

265

4 0 .0

2 6 8 .0 0

60

4 0 .0

2 3 2.0 0

84

3 9 .5

2 9 1.5 0

.u

2 7 9.5 0

3 8 3.5 0

92

TECHNICIANS*

CLASS

2 2 8 .5 0
2 3 7 .5 0
3 5 7 .0 0

79

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S BM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

157

4 0 .0

3 5 2 .5 0

123

4 0 .0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B US IN ES S) . C L AS S B:
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

$
4 0 .0

3 8 0.5 0

( B US IN ES S) :

CO MPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
C L A S S B -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WO ME N

See footnotes at end of tables.




C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (B U S I N E S S ) .
c l a s s c:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------117

o
o

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS):
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (B U S I N E S S ) .
class a :
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

3 9 4.5 0

55

CLASS

A -----

CLASS

B:
1CH

3 4 5 .5 0

227

3 8 0.0 0

4 0 3 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS.
COMPUTER OPERATORS.

58

o
o

A-

o
o

ELECTRONICS

150

O O
O O

D R A F T E R - T R A C E R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

Sex, 3 oc c u p a tio n ,

Number
of
workers

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

- CONTINUED

Average
( me a n2 )

A vera ge

(m e an 2)
Number
of
workers

4 0 0 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

174

3 9 .0

2 2 1.5 0

103

4 0 .0

71

3 8 .5

2 4 4.5 0
1 8 8 .5 0

110

62

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

40 .0

3 2 0 .0 0
3 4 3 .0 0

3 0 1.5 0

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

143

4 0 .0

2 8 2.5 0

78

4 0 .0

3 0 3.5 0

65

4 0 .0

2 5 7.5 0

D R A F T E R - T R A C E R S ---------------------

2 38

50

4 0 .0

2 5 7.0 0

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

4 52

4 0 .0

3 3 4 .0 0

410

4 0 .0

3 3 6 .0 0

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1978
Hourly earnings 4

Occupation and industry division

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—
S

M 2 Median2
ean

Middle range 2

Under
s

S

s

s

s

%

S

s

s

7 .20

7 .8 0

s
8 .2 0

$

6 .8 0

$
8 .0 0

$

6 .6 0

$
7 .6 0

S

6 .4 0

s
7 .4 0

$

6 .2 0

$
7 .0 0

$

6 .0 0

Num
ber
of

8 .4 0

8 .6 0

8 .8 0

9 .0 0

9 .2 0

9 .4 0

9 .60

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .6 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .4 0

8 .6 0

8 .8 0

9 .0 0

9 .2 0

9 .4 0

9 .6 0

9 .8 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .6 0

s

“ 5 -------

s

and
under

and

6 .00
6 .2 0

ALL W O R K E R S
MA I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

853
679
174
34

$
9 .0 2
8 .9 7
9 .2 0
7.0 5

$
9.28
9.28
9.28
7.00

$
$
8 . 5 1 - 9 .3 2
8 . 8 5 - 9.3 2
7.35-11.11
6 . 8 6 - 7.16

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------W H O L E S A L E TRA D E ---------------

4,3 26
4,167
159
25
53

9 .3 5
9 .3 7
8 .6 7
7 .6 3
8 .9 3

9.58
9.58
8. 42
7.61
9.58

9 . 5 0 - 9.5 8
9 . 5 0 - 9.5 8
7 . 6 1 - 9 .5 9
7 . 6 1 - 7.85
9 . 5 0 - 9 .5 9

9 .1 0
795
702
8 .9 8
93 10. 02

9.24
9.24
11.75

8 . 7 9 - 9. 28
8 . 7 9 - 9.2 8
7.94-11.75

1
1

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------n o n h a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------

-

5
-

6

-

15

13
-

18

29

20

36

37

29

7

36

19

67

431

1

3

2

2

10

36

35

2

1

27

1
-

1

2

67
-

3

8

19
-

413

13

7
-

35

13

29
-

13

5

6
-

-

-

1

-

* 7 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

92

203

98

96

59

3 2 51

10

95

-

55

2

1

1

78
5

13

13

3

9
-

36

-

49

78

93

31

64

82

31

60

71

85

43

4
-

21
-

96
-

2

1
-

41
-

8
~

10

12

-

98
-

3210

11

-

203
-

58

17

-

49
-

61

-

9
-

18

-

-

3
_

4

** 7
-

*
_

-

-

-

-

1

41

-

18
4

10

11

7
_

_

_

-

-

-

7

4

2

4

5
_

11

51

2

2

18

90

26

22

469

27

11

30

2

1

18

90

26

22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

22

24

75

2

80

35

24

66

32

137

296

-

72

73

14

5

24

4

16

22

37

-

80

15

24

66

32

137

296

72

73

14

18

-

6

2

38

2

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

47

49

26

88

35

137

92

7

234

113

148

61

34 82

9

14

-

25

88

18

137

65

7

234

113

148

60

34 7 3

9

14

17

~

27

-

1

9

~

97
34

153
39

56
14

129

205

510

203

1098

58

14

20

23

121

187

957

37

14
-

7.94

7.58-

8. 07

-

-

-

-

-

-

9.49
9.49
8.29

8.949.017.20-

9 .5 0
9 .5 0
8 .2 9

25

27

86

24

127

181

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S ------------W H O L E S A L E TRA DE ---------------

2,767
1,545
1,222
901
254

8.8 1
9 .0 6
8 .5 0
8 .4 6
8.7 5

8.97
9. 32
8.77
8.77
9.01

8.709.128.058.0 58.65-

9 .3 2
9. 36
8. 87
8. 87
9.36

MA I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

2,8 73
2,838

9 .1 5
9 .1 6

9. 32
9. 32

9.3 29.32-

9. 36
9. 36

MA I N T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R S M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

656
6 36

9 .1 2
9 .1 5

9 .3 2
9 .3 2

9.3 29.3 2-

9 .3 2
9.3 2

M I L L W R I G H T S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

4,7 19
4 « 666

9 .1 9
9 .1 8

9.3 2
9.3 2

9.069.06-

MA IN TE N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

707
601
106
76

7 .5 3
7 .6 3
6. 97
7 .6 7

7.68
7.68
7.49
8. 26

M A C H I N E - T O O L O P E R A T O R S ( T O O LR OO M)
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

2,2 43
2,2 43

9 .3 5
9 .3 5

TOO L AND DIE M A K E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

6 * 866
*
6,8 66

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

793
578
215

10

25

86

24

127

181

47

47

26

tl5

2

“

~

“

~

~

2

”

16

23

28

26

6

3

2

17
14

17
2

24

17

15
-

16

2

12

62
41

14

6
-

15

10

25

24

3

6

15

10

25

24

3

7

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9.36
9.3 6

_

-

-

-

7.497.646.257.49-

7.83
7. 83
8. 26
8 .2 6

45

6

15

23
1 1 22

6
-

15

-

-

-

15

-

-

9.4 0
9.40

9.409.40-

9 .4 2
9.4 2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

9 .3 1
9. 31

9.58
9.5 8

9.359.3 5-

9.5 9
9. 59

-

_

8 .9 2
9 .4 3
7. 57

9.32
9. 49
7.90

8 . 1 5 - 9 .5 8
9 . 3 2 - 9.5 8
6 . 9 5 - 8.4 9

i
-

*29

1

48

-

4

7.84

-

-

-* ** 4 8

2

9 .0 2
9 .0 4
7.6 1

-

2

9

42

86

29
-

9

-

5,037
4,964
73

-

-

456

1

5

MA I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C S ( H A C H I NE RY I
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

-

27

4

2

8 . 3 3 - 9 .4 0
8 . 6 5 - 9. 40

18

4

“

13

9. 40
9.4 0

18

2
-

~

“

21

9.0 1
9. 11

15
-

12

21

63

114

42

109

182

389

16

141

21

4

13

45

95

2

109

3

13

18

"

17

18
123

-

-

2
7

20

-

138
44

372

15

~

1

53
44

54

6

4

5

218

185

65

2077

20

54

6

4

5

218

185

65

2056

25
~

_

_

_

-

“

-

-

-

20

99
99
-

-

-

-

“

12

-

24

41

12

-

24

4 1

-

6

6

-

2

i i

46

_

2

14

16

13

7

496

37

-

"

6

-

-

2

i i

46

-

2

-

16

13

7

496

37

-

-

-

-

-

4

57

68

118

-

78

-

150

94

672

3242

87

20

129

-

-

-

-

-

4

57

68

118

-

78

150

94

670

3191

87

20

129

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

53

32

12

53
-

27
5

-

_

-

-

110

_

95

-

14

-

63

21
14

-

110

-

14

3

-

-

32

-

7

-

-

32

“

7

22
_

-

_

-

5
5
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

*

~
-

“

“

-

20

-

12

1

24

5

38

72

136

102

906

7 20

194

1

12

~

12

1

24

5

38

72

136

102

906

7 20

194

1

12

20

26

85

20

19

57

468

158

30

33

434

29 7

5018

18

5

-

45
45

_

22

282
279

22

12

_

153

-

"

153

-

26

85

20

19

57

468

158

30

33

434

297

5018

18

5

-

26

41

25

50

14

29

24

30

16

123

229

1

38

58

24

4

16

1
-

26

8

2
-

5

-

1
-

2

2

20

9

8

7

30

16

119

228

1

27

57

24

-

1

18

37

9

2

1

3

24

30

5

21

17

~

4

1

11

1

_

*
W or k er s w e r e at $11 to $11.40.
**
W or k er s w e r e at $5.40 to $5.60.
* * * W or k er s w e r e at $11.40 to $11.80.
t
W or k er s w e r e at $5 to $5.20.
tt
W or k er s w e r e distributed as fol low s: 2 at $3.60 to $3.80; 12 at $4 to $4.20; 2 at $4.60 to $4.80; 2 at $4.80 to $5; 2 at $5.20 to $5.40; and 2 at $5.40 to $5.60.
4
W o r k e rs w e r e distributed as follow s: 6 at $5 to $5.20; 1 at $5.20 to $5.40; 11 at $5.40 to $5.60; 8 at $5.60 to $5.80; and 3 at $5.80 to $6.
S ee fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le s .




18

-

-

1,021
935

machinists

7

7
-

-----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------nonmanufacturing:
PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

maintenance

ove r

14

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1978
Hourly earnings 4

Occupation an d industry division

Num ber of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s tr a ig ht -t im e hourly earnings of—

*
Mean 2

Medi an2

5

5

2 .6 0

Number
of

2 .8 0

3 .0 0 3 .2 0

i

i

i

s

t

t

t

s'

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

1

i

i

I

S
4 .8 0

S
5 .2 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

Middle range 2

5 .6 0

6 .0 0 6 .4 0

-

s

i

*

*

*

S

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

-

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

5

30

33

57
-

21

24
-

1
-

26

16

41

15

269

338

190

412

4

6

10

31

43

97

81

57

21

24

1

26

12

35

5

238

295

93

3

1

-

-

211

277

87

4

10

22

8

18

10

-

-

-

-

-

a n (j

ove r

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

149

411

1066

918

1751

4473

558

192

538

4 50

170

-

219

528

468

213
1538

1042

331

105
44

3431

388

-

16

7

25

84

936

2957

240

3
9

39 4

304

1

108

80

513
89

67

-

15
126

24
-

407

148
-

6

24

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

150

24

194

1

-

-

48

10

42

7

270

192

34

3

_

6

38
10

2
40

5
2

106
164

20
172

34
-

3
-

-

~

12

4
6

4
-

-

-

-

-

24

88
-

-

6

1
-

-

10

1
1

4
-

-

-

-

-

ALL WORKERS

TRUCKORIVERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF ACTUR ING ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------FINANCE ---------------------------SERVICES --------------------------

10*804

$
7 .8 6

$
8 .2 8

$
7 .4 6 -

$
8 .7 0

2*982

7 .7 8

7 .8 3

7 .2 3 -

8 .5 9

7 .82 2

7 .8 8

8 .2 8

7 .5 5 -

8 .7 0

4 .3 0 0

8 .5 6

8 .7 0

8 .2 8 -

8 .7 0

2 .01 9

7 .2 4

7 .6 9

5 .6 5 -

8 .2 6

895
72

7 .6 5
5 .1 4

8 .0 1
5 .4 5

7 .5 5 4 .3 6 -

8 .7 5
6 .1 1

536

5 .7 0

6 .3 2

4 .1 0 -

6 .8 4

TRUCKORIVERS* LIGHT TRUCK MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE ---------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------

864

6 .0 1

6 .8 4

4 .5 8 -

7 .4 1

292

TRUCKORIVERS* MEDIUM TRUCK
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------SERVICES ---------------------------

2*191

5

30

33

7
_

_

_

_

1

9

26

20

15

33

57

21

24

33

57

24

-

15
2

30
1

5

30

16

5

30

5

30

_

_

_

2

5

30
5

_

1

24

-

-

-

18

3

33

18

3
-

33
30

2
-

3

3

2

4

2

12

-

228

6 .7 1

6 .9 4

5 .9 6 -

7 .21

5 .7 6

6 .8 4

3 .7 5 -

7 .5 5

165

5 .8 0

7 .5 5

3 .2 5 -

7 .55

15

30

21
~

68

5 .1 9

4 .3 8 -

6 .1 1

2

1

1

9

~

2

5 .2 4

5 .4 5
6 .8 4

3 .3 5 -

6 .8 4

5

30

16

26

20

15

~

16

8

-

-

-

-

156

-

-

-

-

7 .4 1

7 .6 9

6 .3 3 -

8 .6 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

8

1 3

2

3

193

36

147

181

25

53

342

247

729

43

-

477

6 .9 7

7 .2 1

6 .0 0 -

7 .6 0

2

-

75

73

20

13

154

98

168
-

21

17

-

1 .71 4

7 .5 3

8 .28

6 .3 3 -

8 .6 0

~

~

1

8

9

2

3

191

36

72

5

149

168

708

26

30

72

3

40
-

188
168

149

166

57

26

1

8

176
14

108
-

6

-

-

-

38

1

-

-

-

-

52

-

-

849

7 .0 5

7 .3 5

5 .6 5 -

5 .9 7

6 .8 4

5 .0 0 -

6 .8 4

“

8 .2 8

68

-

-

8 .2 9

8 .5 9

8 .2 8 -

1 .6 5 6

8 .2 2

8 .5 9

7 .9 3 -

8 .5 9

4 .3 1 7

8 .3 2

8 .7 0

8 .2 8 -

8 .7 0

3 .15 2

8 .5 6

8 .7 0

8 .2 8 -

8 .7 0

615

7 .0 9

8 .2 6

5 .4 4 -

8 .3 1

524

8 .4 1

8 .7 5

8 .2 5 -

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

997

8 .1 9

8 .3 0

264

7 .7 5

8 .0 2

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------

494

7 .6 7

7 .74

321
173

7 .81
7 .4 0

7 .74

167

RECEIVING CLERKS ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RETAIL TRAOE -------------------SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

274

7 .2 4

7 .8 2

6 .8 1 -

7 .8 2

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------

3 .17 7

6 .7 8

6 .6 1

6 .0 9 -

7 .5 8

27

6
6

-

254

12

33

117

67

197

239

1200

3289

507

17

5

12

~

169

-

33

28

75
164

51
1149

1021

249

60
37

67

35

2268

153
354

5
~

6

84

936

1866

240

-

2

-

207

10

114

8 .7 5

247
—

15
-

~

35
—

-

18

8

20

80

6

392

-

8 .0 2 -

8 .7 0

6

-

6

6

-

6

221

-

297

455

-

7 .4 5 -

8 .3 0

6

"

6

6

-

6

81

-

159

~

“

7 .7 2 -

7 .8 2

2

48

15

304

16

11

35

17

5

-

2

2

179

14

10

34

17

6

7

7

125

7 .8 2

6

7

"

7

125

1

1
1

-

7 .7 2 -

2
2

1

7 .8 2

21
15

-

7 .4 4

3
3

48
-

8

7 .8 2

7 .8 2
7 .8 2

6
-

12

7 .7 2 7 .5 8 -

1 .02 2

6 .1 2

6 .6 3

5 .0 4 -

7 .7 4

72

32

18

23

54

43

101

65

54

27

411

-

-

-

-

549

5 .0 2

5 .3 2

3 .1 3 -

6 .6 3

72

32

18

23

43

41

-

-

-

-

7 .7 2

6 .1 6 -

7 .7 4

9

3

22

1
-

76

7 .0 9

61
-

10

129

50
9

10

76

-

-

-

-

369

4 .0 8

3 .7 5

3 .0 0 -

5 .4 6

14

4 1

40

19

10

1

-

-

“

“

6 34

7 .1 7

7 .69

6 .8 0 -

7 .8 2

15

14

5

71

30

17

61

38

3 55

6

22

-

-

360

7 .1 2

7 .6 5

6 .2 5 -

7 .74

5

71
-

27
34

35
3

1 71
184

2
4

-

-

15
2

-

15

17
13

17

14

5

-

-

22

432

272

58

860

1 32

678

644

-

4

5 .9 7 3

8 .7 0

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

20
20

-

3

23

-

-

816

7 .0 7

7 .2 9

7 .1 9 -

7 .5 8

20

90

-

44

119

37

-

-

2 .3 6 1

6 .6 8

6 .61

5 .6 9 -

7 .64

7

22

432

182

58

816

13

487
191

15
-

607

-

4

15

1
-

1 .0 79

7 .0 9

7 .6 4

6 .1 4 -

7 .9 9

7

22

217

-

40

2

9

174

575

-

4

15

-

at en d o f t a b le s .




*

6 36

TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(T R A IL E R ) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------- WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

-

15

1

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1978— Continued
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
s
s
$
s
s
S
s
$
$
%
s
s
2. 80 3.00 3.20 3. 90 3.60 3.80 9.00 4. 20 9. 90 9. 60 9.80 5.2 0

S
2.60

Number
Occupation and industry division
Mean2 Median2

Middle range 2

$
5. 60

$
$
6 . 00 6 . 90

*
6. 80

$
S
7.2 0 7.60

s
S
$
8. 00 8 . 90 8. 80
_

and
unde r
2.80

3.00

~
-

-

3.20 3. 40

3. 60

3.80 9. 00 9 .20 4.40 9. 60 9 .80 5.20 5.6 0

6. 0 0

6 . 90 6. 80

7. 2 0

7. 60

8.00

_

8. 90 8 . 80

_

S
9. 20
and

9. 20 over

ALL U O R K E R S —
CONTINUEO
ORD ER F I L L E R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------W H O L E S A L E TRADE -----------R E TA IL TRA D E ----------------

3.375
326
3.099
2 *664
379

$
7. 00
6. 88
7. 01
7.01
7. 07

$
7.99
7.98
7.58
7.58
7.31

$
$
6 . 31 - 7.79
6 . 1 3 - 7.99
6 . 3 1 - 7.79
6 . 6 0 - 7.79
6 . 31 - 7.31

S H IP PI NG P A C K E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------W H O L E S A L E TRAOE ------------

1.236
7 30
506
454

6. 7 3
6 . 83
6 . 59
6. 65

6. 97
6.97
7.99
7.99

5. 93 6. 29 5 . 93 5 . 93 -

MAT E RI AL H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------W H O L E S A L E TRADE -----------R E TA IL T R AD E ----------------

5.98 5
9.097
1 »888
817
759
319

7. 19
7. 16
7.29
8. 5 3
6. 7 2
5. 18

7.98
7.44
7. 65
8.60
7.98
4.86

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------W H O L E S A L E t r a d e -----------R E TA IL t r a d e ----------------

10 .6 99
9.281
1.363
922
297

7. 90
7. 39
7.96
7.95
7. 19

PO W E R - T R U C K O P E R A T O R S (OTH ER
THAN FO R K L I F T ) -------------------

872

GUA R DS AND W A T C H M E N -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------F I N A N C E ----------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------

6.56 5
2.551
9. 01 9
69
507
3.276

guards:
manufacturing

------------------

2 t 386

:
MANUFACTURING

------------------

-

-

6
6
-

~

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

7. 19 - 7.65
7. 25 - 7.65
5. 92 - 8.60
8 . 6 0 - 8.60
5 . 31 - 7.58
3. 80 - 6.36

-

10

17

22

10

17

22

12
12

10

17

19

7.58
7.58
7.65
7.65
7.29

7. 55 7. 58 7.53 7. 58 6 . 70 -

7.65
7.65
7.75
7.75
7.55

-

-

-

-

7. 6 3

7.60

7.60 -

7.77

-

-

-

5. 91
7.71
3. 95
7. 53
5 . 42
3. 52

9.20
7.83
3.58
7.51
5.31
3.58

3.58 - 7.83
7.76 - 8.05
3.58 - 3.58
7 . 09 - 7.51
4 . 49 - 6. 23
3. 58 - 3.58

255
255
251

209
209

193
193

7.57
7.58
7.52
7.52

-

*
-

-

29
29
-

168
~
168
168

1
1
1

4
4
4

210
210
208
2

173
26
197
197

51
51
19
32

289
51
23 3
119
119

74
6
68
63
5

56
56
56
-

-

78

-

18

96
96

78
78

-

18
18

158
68
90
78

83
43
40
-

98
98
-

119
119
_

137
29
108
9
75
29

91
49
42
8
39

537
488
99
21
28

32 0
307
13
13

~

-

-

-

~

209

122

41
30
11

72
60
12

19
4
10

189
52
137

222
125
97

193
198
95

12

16

19

11

12

10

105
32

63
39

27
18

-

2
2

-

12
12

5
5
-

6
5
1

3
3

129
78
51
33

98
83
15
15

“

“

16

92
28
14

“

1

3

16

999 1295
66
153
891 11 79
707 11 77
139
2

83
83

2
2

_
-

83

2

-

97
34
13
13

-

_
-

-

-

"

-

177
175
2
2

319 227 6 1288
311 1908 11 78
3
368
1 10
3
360
1 10
8
-

52
52
14
38

800
800
797
3

_
-

_
-

398
258
90
56
39

9 58 3950 48 12
408 3100 43 08
50
350
509
14
198
509
32
152
“

239
153
81
81
~

230
76
159
39

-

-

-

-

539
272
267
267

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

41

6

-

72

562

179

-

-

-

47 2489
97 2489
4
36 2973

99
99
52
47

9
9
4
5

31
31
16
15

62
9
53
97
6

28
5
23
23

66
5
61
50
11

50
5
95
~
95
“

64
28
36
28
7

146
6
140
53
86

106
35
71
63
8

168
1 38
30
1
28
-

283
157
126
32
94
-

105
89
21
21
-

1260
11 71
89
1
_

910
887

29
15
19
19
-

6
6
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

12

85

114

72

11 57

887

15

6

-

93

12

14

-

-

-

-

441 38 52
352 368 9
89
168
84
7
160
i
1
-

79
66
13
4

1 31
60
71

_

7

50
21

19
19
*
-

9
9
-

-

*

7. 79

7.97

7. 83 -

8.05

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

23

165

6. 59

6.55

6 . 39 -

7.08

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

5

5

5

-

23

53

12 .0 26
5. 58 8
6. 93 8
331
213
1 f 141
994
3.7 59

5. 49
6.92
4. 24
6. 29
6.72
3. 69
9. 5 2
9.02

5.36
7.31
9.23
6. 42
7.39
3.25
9.15
4. 23

9. 15 6. 77 3. 52 5. 95 7 . 31 2. 73 9. 15 3.57 -

7.31
7.39
9.31
6.86
7.39
3.90
9.58
9. 23

602

74
74
64

244
244
104

251
251
-

549
16
533
-

191
10
18 1

313
66
297
80

3

331
213
118
65
10

513
379
1 39
79
1
58

8

139

73
95
63

963
18
445
6
20
37
186
196

362
231
131
6

6

7 05 1825
93
15
690 1782
1
10
31
22
56
387
272 1693

95
36
59
-

2

537
16
521
2
34
18
967

23

-

-

watchmen

JA NIT ORS . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------W H O L E S A L E TRADE ------------RET A IL TRA D E ---------------F I N A N C E ----------------------S E R V I C E S ----------------------

See fo o tn o te s

602
363
239

6

107
15
123

at end o f t a b l e s .




16

120
39

376

22

8

3
55

440
388
52
2
i
36

21
16

49

87

8

22

65

22

5

21

3

6

4

2

-

19

-

9




Table A -6. Average hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, m aterial m ovement, and custodial workers.
by sex, in Detroit, M ich., March 1978
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

M A I N T E N A N C E . TO OL RO OM * AND
P O U E R P L A N T O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

Average
(m e a ^ )
hourly
earnings 4

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AND CUSTODIALO C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

M A I N T E N A N C E CA RP E N T E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

B26
678
148
3**

$
9. 04
8.97
9. 36
7.05

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------UH O L E S A L E TRADE -----------------

A. 30 A
A . 166
138
25
53

9. 35
9.37
8. 70
7.63
8. 93

M A I N T E N A N C E p a i n t e r s ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

Number
of

T R U C K D R I V E R S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------W H O L E S A L E TRAD E --------------R E T A I L T R AD E ------------------F I N A N C E -------------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------

10* 658
2.957
7.701
A . 277
2.018
810
60
5 36

$
7. 86
7. 79
7. 89
8. 56
7.2A
7.61
5. 17
5 . 70

T R U C K D R I V E R S * L I G H T TR UC K -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------R E T A I L T R AD E ------------------F I N A N C E -------------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------

841
218
623
165
56
292

6. 04
6.8 1
5.7 7
5. 8 0
5. 23
5.2A

T R U C K D R I V E R S * M E D I U M TR UC K ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------U H O L E S A L E TR AD E --------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------

2.167
A 75
1.692
8A9
68

7. 40
6.9 7
7. 52
7.0 5
5.97

T R U C K O R I V E R S * H E A V Y TRUCK
(T RA IL ER ) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------U H O L E S A L E TRAD E --------------R E T A I L T R AD E -------------------

5.9 59
1 .6A5
A . 3 1A
3.152
61A
522

8. 2 9
8. 2 2
8. 3 2
8. 56
7.0 9
8 .A 2

997
26A

8. 19
7.75

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------W H O L E S A L E TRAD E ---------------

A A2
280
162
160

7. 63
7.76
7. AO
7 .A 2

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------U H O L E S A L E TRADE --------------R E T A I L TRAD E -------------------

771
344
1 25
169

6. 75
5.86
7.13
4. 69

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

511
304

7. 1 2
7. 10

W A R E H O U S E M E N -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------W H O L E S A L E TRAD E ---------------

3.023
753
2.2 7 0
988

6.77
7. 12
6.65
7.0 6

OR DE R F I L L E R S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------U H O L E S A L E TRAOE --------------R E T A I L TR AD E -------------------

2.667
244
2.A2 3
2.135
288

7. 2 0
6. 86
7 . 23
7. 23
7. 28

9 . 12
785
702
8. 98
83 10. 28

M A I N T E N A N C E MA CH I N I S T S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------nonmanufacturing:
P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.021
935

M A I N T E N A N C E ME C H A N I C S ( M A C H I NE RY ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

5. 03 5
A .962
73

9 . 02
9. 0 A
7.61

M A I N T E N A N C E ME CH AN IC S
(MOTOR VE HI CL ES ) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C UT I L I T I E S ---------------U H O L E S A L E TRADE -----------------

2. 69 0
1*545
1 .1A5
832
25A

8.84
9. 06
8.5A
8.51
8. 75

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

2. 87 2
2.837

9.15
9. 16

M A I N T E N A N C E SH E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

656
636

9. 1 2
9. 15

M I L L W R I G H T S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

A . 716
4* 66 3

9. 19
9.18

M A I N T E N A N C E TR A D E S H E L P E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

685
579
106
76

7. 53
7. 63
6.97
7.67

M A C H I N E - T O O L O P E R AT OR S ( T O O LR OO M) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

2. 2A 3
2 . 2A3

9. 35
9. 35

TOOL AN D DIE M A K E R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

6. 86 2
6. 86 2

9.31
9.31

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

772
578
19A

8. 9 3
9. A 3
7 .A 7

o
o

86

9. 01
9.11

T R U C K D R I V E R S . H E AV Y TRUCK
(O TH ER TH A N T R AI LE R) ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

17




Table A -6 . Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom
powerplant, m aterial m ovement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in D etroit, M ich ., M arch 1978— Continued
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

A verage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

$
6. 67
6. 91
6. 09
6.01

$
7 . 96

123
56

7.90
7. 25

-------------------------------------------

159
63

7.02
6 . 97

O R D E R F I L L E R S -------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------W H O L E S A L E TRADE -----------------

708
626
529

6 . 29
6.15
6.13

7.90
7.39
7.95
7. 95
7. 19

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------W H O L E S A L E TRADE ---------------------------------

361
96
265
261

6.89
6. 2 8
7.11
7 . 12

MA TE R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S

-------------------

913

7.00

859

7. 6 3

5.221
2.39 9

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

5.72
7. 7 2

111
98

7 . 10
7.03

G U AR DS AND WATC HM EN :
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

63

7. 57

130

7. 6 8

639
236

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------W H O L E S A L E TR AD E ----------------R E T A I L TR AD E ---------------------

5. 59 2
3.807
1.735
817
705
210

7.19
7. 37
8 . 53
6. 66
5 . 33

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S -------------------- 1 0 .5 33
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------9t 183
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------1.350
W H O L E S A L E TR AD E ----------------910
R E T A I L TR AD E --------------------296
P O W E R - T R U C K O P E R A T O R S (O THER
THAN FO R K L I F T ) ------------------------

1

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E IV IN G CL E R K S

-----------

11

MANUFACTURING

guards

watchmen:
manufacturing

A verage
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

52

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------W H O L E S A L E TRAD E -----------------

guards:
manufacturing

Number
of

M A T E R I A L M O VE ME NT AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AND C U S T O O I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - ME N— C O N T I N U E D

G U A R D S AND W A T C H M E N ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------nonmanufacturing:
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

:
-------------------------------------------

125

7. 8 0

JA N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

9.19 6
1 f 049
3.197
390
2.278

9.73
6. 8 6
4.02
2. 98
9.05

manufacturing

-------------------------------------------

2.239

7. 79

160

6. 6 5

7.60 3
A . 539
3.069
171
791
9 70
1.981

5. 91
6. 9 9
4.39
6.70
3. 89
9. 71
3. 98

nonmanufacturing

See footnotes at end of tables.

------------------------------------

t r a d e --------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

retail

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S , a n d C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E TRADE ----------------R E T A I L TR AD E --------------------F I N A N C E --------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for em ploym ent shifts.
for selected occupational groups in D etroit, M ich., for selected periods
In du stry and occupational group 5

F e b ru a ry 1972 to M arch 1973 M arch 1973
to
Annual rate
13-month
M a rch 1974
of in crea se
in crea se

M arch 1974
to
M arch 1975

M arch 1975
to
M arch 1976

M arch 1976

M a rch 1977

M arch 1977

M a rc h 1978

A l l in d u stries:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________ _____ ___
E le c tr o n ic data p ro ce ssin g . ___________ _____ ___
In d u stria l n urses____________________________________
S k illed m aintenance tra d es. .. ____________________
U n s k illed plant w o rk e rs ____________________________

5.7
( 6)
5.7
5.3
6.5

5.3
( 6)
5.3
4.9
6.0

7.1
( 6)
8.8
8.6
9.3

10.5
9.5
13.0
10.4
11.4

7.7
7.0
7.9
7.2
8.6

7.6
7.0
8.5
9.3
8.2

6.5
6.8
8.1
8.3
7.9

M anufactu ring:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . ____________________________________
E le c tr o n ic data p ro ce ssin g______________ ________
In d u stria l nurses_____________________________________
S killed m aintenance tra d es__________________________
U n s k illed plant w o rk e rs _________________ __________

4.7
( 6)
5.5
5.3
6.1

4.3
( 6)
5.1
4.8
5.6

7.1
( 6)
8.8
8.7
10.6

12.3
9.7
13.0
10.5
12.4

7.4
6.7
7.9
7.1
8.3

7.9
7.8
8.7
9.4
8.8

5.9
7.4
7.8
8.3
8.5

Nonm anufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________ ____ ______
E le c tr o n ic data p ro ce ssin g __________________________
In d u stria l nurses_____________________________________
U n sk illed plant w o rk e rs ______________________________

6.6
( 6)
6.5
7.5

6.1
( 6)
6.0
6.9

7.0
( 6)
( 6)
5.6

8.9
9.7
( 6)
9.1

8.0
7.5
( 6)
9.0

7.4
6.3
( 6)
7.4

7.0
6.1

See footn otes at end of tables.

19

7.2

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers-large establishments in Detroit, Mich., March 1978
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

Occupation and industry division
workers

A vera ge
weekly
hours1
(standard

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
s
$
110
120
130
U n de r
and
$
under
110
120
130
140

%

s

S

s

S

%

140

160

180

200

220

-

-

-

-

-

160

180

200

220

240

22
22

19 1
16
175
23
23
119
10

300
54
246
24
27
18 4
7

406
101
305
14
89
191
3

543
168
375
48
74
200
31

2
2

4
2
2

-

2
2
-

3
3
1
2
-

7
7
4
2
1

7
7
~
3
4

55
55
14
34

-

13
13
12

4
-

$

S

*

S

%

30 0

*

$

%

s

S

s

26 0

280

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

676
336
340
117
65
103
24

773
429

682
455
227
79
32
24
21

812
579
233
84

801

31
35

12
35

958
782
176
12
5
16

233
192
41
15
1
11

288
2 31
57
3
1

135
131
4

5

227
42
-

-

1
“

8
1
7

43
10
33

41
30

53
37
16

40

25
7
18

20
13
7

28
27
1

36
24
12

40
38
2

28
26
2

33
32
1

23
23

42
10
32
1
8
22
1

93
19
74
9
-

162
90
72
18
1
20
31
2

127
28
99
64
1

111
78
33
17
2
8
6

117
71
46
10

190
148
42
5
18

-

“
*
-

5
14

247
202
45
45
-

5
5
-

2
22

197
158
39
14
14
11

91
89

29
1

143
69
74
14
1
15
41
3

153
21
132
4
23
78

205
45
160
7
69

287
97
190
6
13
50

400
181
219
18
26
15

332
263
69

541

13
6

419
122
52
2
6

551
440
111
75
7

740
614
126
125
-

6
5
1
-

1
1

69

228
57
171
4
15
83

129
113
20
81

136
105
3
102

156
111
1
100

199
118
88

191
35
9

157
35
1

146
42
9
-

116
44
9
-

102
52
1
-

7
1
1
-

2

64
64
53

177
34
143
10
84

146
61
85
7
51

179
100

170
115
55
25
2

243
193
50
13
1

158
116
42
23

241
84
157
111
2

19 0
85
105
16

“

“
~

24
24
9

91
16
75
10
48

76
43
33
6
24

85

58
31
27
8
14

38
24
14
7
5

34
17
17
16

83
14
69
67
“

17
1
16
16
“

-

-

51
17
20

40
40
40

86
68
67

70
52
48

94
28
14

112
28
2

205
36
1

124
25

158
86
2

173
89

7
7
7

34
34
34

17
16
13

13
10

2
2
1

4

3
3

240

3 20

340

360

380

420

440

-

-

-

-

4 20

440

460

480

33

33

31
2

32
1
-

23
23
-

4 00

460

ALL W O R K E R S

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------R E T A I L TRA D E -----------F I N A N C E -----------------S E R V I C E S -----------------

6. 91 A
4,131*
2 . 78 0
615
380
945
222

39 .5
40.0
39 .5
38 .5
39.5
39.5
37 . 0

$
292.50
314.50
259.50
272.50
232.00
219.00
282.00

$
$
$
29 6. 00 2 4 6 . 5 0 - 3 3 9 . 5 0
31 7. 00 2 7 7 . 0 0 - 3 4 7 . 5 0
25 6. 00 2 1 5 . 0 0 - 3 0 5 . 0 0
27 2. 50 2 4 8 . 5 0 - 3 0 0 . 0 0
22 9. 00 2 0 5 . 0 0 - 2 6 0 . 0 0
21 5. 00 1 9 0 . 0 0 - 2 3 7 . 5 0
28 4. 00 2 4 5 . 5 0 - 3 2 2 . 0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

424
277
147

39 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

345.00
36 9 . 0 0
300.00

33 9. 00 2 8 3 . 5 0 - 4 0 9 . 5 0
38 3. 50 2 9 3 . 0 0 - 4 2 9 . 5 0
30 2.50 2 5 8 . 5 0 - 3 3 0 . 5 0

, c l a s s b -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------wholesale
t r a d e -------r e t a i l t r a d e -----------F I N A N C E -----------------S E R V I C E S -----------------

1,539
967
572
152
94
96
158
72

39 .5
40.0
39 .0
39 .0
40 . 0
39 .5
39.5
36 .5

32 2 . 0 0 33 5.00
3 4 1 . 5 0 35 7. 00
2 8 8 . 5 0 28 4. 50
2 9 5 . 5 0 29 4. 00
3 6 3. 50 37 7. 00
24 6 . 0 0 23 8. 00
2 4 9 . 0 0 24 8. 00
31 9 . 0 0 33 5.00

270.00-374.50
309.00-380.50
245.50-335.00
277.00-309.00
351.50-380.50
229.00-275.00
224.50-267.00
287.50-341.00

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLA S S C -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------W H O L E S A L E TRADE -------r e t a i l t r a d e -----------F I N A N C E ------------------

3. 51 2
2. 14 6
1 » 366
328
181
352

39.5
40 . 0
39 .0
40.0
39.5
39 .5

2 9 1 . 5 0 30 4. 00 2 5 7 . 0 0 - 3 3 5 . 0 0
3 1 2 . 0 0 31 9.50 2 9 2 . 5 0 - 3 4 3 . 5 0
2 5 9 . 5 0 25 6. 00 2 1 7 . 0 0 - 3 0 4 . 5 0
31 9 . 0 0 32 9.50 3 0 2 . 0 0 - 3 4 7 . 5 0
2 2 0 . 0 0 20 5.00 2 0 2 . 5 0 - 2 4 8 . 0 0
21 9 . 0 0 21 7. 00 1 9 4 . 0 0 - 2 3 6 . 5 0

-

secretaries

-

1
1

~

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

209.50-284.00
187.00-263.00
169.00-299.00
180.00-219.50

-

24 5. 00 2 0 0 . 0 0 - 2 8 4 . 0 0
25 1. 00 2 2 1 . 0 0 - 2 7 6 . 0 0
22 4. 00 1 7 8 . 5 0 - 2 9 2 . 0 0
28 5. 00 2 3 0 . 0 0 - 2 9 8 . 0 0
173.00 1 5 9 . 5 0 - 1 8 8 . 0 0

-

1
1
-

6
6
2

-

1
1
1

6
6
4

4 0 . 0 24 6 . 0 0 24 6. 50
40 . 0 22 7 . 5 0 21 9.00
4 0 .0 23 2 . 0 0 18 5.50
4 0 .0 19 9. 00 20 0. 00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------F I N A N C E -------------------

1.58 2
791
791
225
216

39.5 24 0 . 0 0
4 0 .0 24 8 . 5 0
39 .5 2 3 2 . 0 0
40 .0 2 6 6 . 5 0
39 .5 17 6. 50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E NE RA L --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S ------R E TA IL TRAD E ------------

517
180
337
147
127

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . SEN IOR ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------F I N A N C E ------------------T R A N S C R I B I N G - M A C H I N E TT PI S T S
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------F I N A N C E -------------------

4 0 . 0 22 0 . 5 0 21 2. 00
40 . 0 22 1 . 5 0 21 3. 50
40 . 0 2 2 0 . 0 0 20 9. 00
39 .5 2 6 4 . 0 0 28 4. 00
4 0 .0 18 6. 50 17 8.50

181.50-263.00
195.00-248.50
176.50-280.00
227.00-292.00
174.00-204.00

1.065
454
178

39.5
39 .0
39 .5

2 4 9 . 5 0 25 5. 00
24 0 . 5 0 25 0. 00
1 8 0. 00 174.00

213.00-293.50
181.50-300.00
161.00-192.00

97
89
75

39.5
39 .5
39.5

19 7. 50
19 4. 00
18 4. 50

181.50 1 6 4 . 0 0 - 2 0 6 . 0 0
176.00 164. 0 0 - 2 0 2 . 0 0
17 2.00 1 6 4 . 0 0 - 1 8 7 . 0 0

-

-

-

2
2
2
2
2
2

4

2
4

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

2

4

at end o f t a b le s .




-

~

~
-

1.359
669
4*4
393

4
4
2
2

1
-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L AS S D -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------F I N A N C E ------------------

See fo o tn o te s

-

20

3
18
i
2

79

20
15

34

7

35

1

344

156
59
51
27

11

“

11
12

11

37

7
33

4

574

12

-

“
”

-

-

-

3

3
-

2

1

“
-

1

-

3

~
-

-

-

1
-

-

-

_
”

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

”
-

-

-

-

“
-

*
-

-

“

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

“

-

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

~

7

-

4
-

-

“
~

“

3
-

-

-

4

-

-

1

-

“
-

-

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Detroit, Mich., March 1978— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

s

$

$

S

%

$

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

%

$

s

$

%

s

S

4

280

300

320

390

360

380

400

920

440

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

180

200

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

380

9 00

920

440

460

480

289

132

121

70

64

102

58

157

36

6

14

8

26

41

38

98

32

6

19

106

29

50
14

82

281

38
83

20

20

109

4

-

-

97
13

20

13

9

15

42

1

-

1

10

“

-

-

-

-

130

140

160

-

14

44

108

-

-

-

-

-

14

44

108

under

$

260

160

1 10

$

S
290

190

and

S

S
220

130

110
Under
$

$
200

120

120

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

18 0

960

ALL W O R K E R S - CONTINUED

T Y P I S T S ---------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------F I N A N C E ---------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

I t 215

3 9 .5

$
2 0 0.5 0

$
1 8 2.0 0

$
$
147 . J O - 2 4 8 .0 0

383

4 0 .0

2 4 5 .5 0

2 4 3.0 0

832

3 9 .5

1 7 9 .5 0

1 5 6.0 0

2 1 1 .5 0 -2 8 3 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0 -1 9 4 .0 0

165

4 0 .0

2 2 8.0 0

2 1 3 .0 0

1 8 9 .0 0 -2 8 4 .0 0

-

-

-

8

11

373

4 0 .0

1 5 3 .0 0

1 4 7.0 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

-

14

11

59

207

57

118

3 6 .5

2 1 1.0 0

1 7 9.0 0

1 5 5 .5 0 -2 9 2 .0 0

15

19

25

12

1

1

T Y P I S T S * C L A S S A -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------F I N A N C E ---------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

627

3 9 .5

2 3 3.5 0

2 9 1 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 9 2 .0 0

-

5

71

50

44

95

91

9 0 .0

2 5 3 .0 0

29 7 . 5 0

2 2 6 .0 0 -2 9 1 .0 0

-

21
-

55

292

4
-

1 9 9.0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 9 2 .0 0

6

2 1 5 .0 0 -2 9 2 .0 0

5
-

20
12

5

87

3 9 .5

2 7 8 .0 0
1 6 1.0 0

4
-

21

2 5 6 .5 0
1 7 4.0 0

-

15
35

76

2 1 6 .0 0

15
56

39

3 8 .5

6
<♦9

29

335

1 9 7 .5 0 -1 7 0 .5 0

-

4

1

3 6 .5

2 1 2.0 0

1 8 0.5 0

1 5 5 .5 0 -2 9 2 .0 0

1

~
1

-

116

T Y P I S T S . C L AS S B -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------

588

4 0 .0

1 6 5 .5 0

151 .50

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0

-

26

19

i i

91

9 0 .0

2 2 2 .5 0

2 0 5 .5 0

1 8 7 .0 0 -2 5 2 .0 0

-

-

-

17

497

4 0 .0

1 5 5 .0 0

196.5 0

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

-

10
10
89
4

24

89

4 0 .0

-

76

4 0 .0

1 9 4.5 0

1 8 9.0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 0 3 .5 0

286

4 0 .0

1 9 6.5 0

1 9 6.0 0

1 3 9 .5 0 -1 5 3 .5 0

501

9 0 .0

1 5 3.0 0

1 3 9.0 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

4

75

9 0 .0

1 9 7 .0 0

1 6 7.0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 -2 9 1 .0 0

-

30

30

15
10

5

12
6

17

25

i?

87

239

61
11

7 1
23

39

87
-

232
8

50

-

48
35

10

59

177

27

119

60

88

59

4

1

7

6

-

87

97

6

3

3

7
30

9

-

?

“

2

FI L E C L E R K S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------

3 9 .0

2 0 5 .5 0

1 9 0.5 0

1 7 7 .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0

-

85
~

95

27

-

1

288

4 0 .0

1 3 8.0 0

1 3 0.5 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 9 6 .0 0

4

58

68

53

FI LE C L E R K S . C L A S S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

4 0 .0

1 9 2.0 0

1 6 9.0 0

1 4 9 .0 0 -2 3 3 .0 0

-

62

9 0 .0

2 0 9.5 0

193.0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 -2 9 7 .5 0

-

115

4 0 .0

1 8 2 .5 0

167.0 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -1 9 5 .5 0

-

1

317

1 3 0 .5 0

125.0 0

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

4

88

309

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 3 0 .5 0

1 2 5.0 0

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

4

, c l a s s c --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------

file

clerks

926

177

4 0 .0

1 9 5 .5 0

1 3 3.0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

4

99
48

151

22

15

33
15

93
108

7

1 1

42

56

66

11

-

-

-

21

6

14

-

-

“

■

■

-

-

-

“
~

“

“

-

1

“

“
-

1

10
44

“
1

~

10

6

19

-

-

5

5
1

1 1
3

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

“
“

-

~
~

~

'

"

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

“

“

~

“

_

-

5

5
4

7

1

“

~

~

~

~

30

6

4

3

8

35

1

3

29

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

5

11

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

“

7

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

8

33

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

39
3

2 1

20

6

-

i

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

32

36

15

6

3

2

5

24
9

-

2

-

-

-

-

97

52

52

9

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

89

93

52

51

19
10

9

-

-

-

1

1

22

8

32

6

4

3

1 2 5.0 0

1 1 8 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

4

58

66

99

32

3

“

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 9 7 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0 -2 4 1 .0 0

10
-

63
16

68
-

36
-

69

29

112

145.5 0
1 9 9.0 0

25

297

3 9 .0

1 5 5 .0 0

1 3 7.0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 7 7 .5 3

10

47

68

36

44

90

83

9 0 .0

1 2 8 .0 0

1 2 0.0 0

1 1 9 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

*10

29

12

11

17

7
22
-

53
13
2

2

89

3 9 .5

1 9 3 .5 0

1 3 7.5 0

1 2 6 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

-

3

26

21

17

15

“

“

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

309

4 0 .0

2 3 9.0 0

2 9 9.5 0

1 7 0 .5 0 -2 8 6 .5 0

-

9 1

37

19

17

25

25

9 0 .0

2 7 0 .5 0

2 7 9 .5 0

2 9 9 .5 0 -3 0 0 .0 0

-

3
-

5

151

2
-

4

2

7

158

3 9 .5

1 9 9 .5 0

1 7 6 .5 0

1 5 1 .0 0 -2 5 7 .0 0

2

-

3

5

37

35

21
4

39

9 0 .0

2 5 3 .5 0

2 6 3.5 0

2 4 3 .0 0 -2 8 4 .0 0

-

-

-

4

-

3

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

1 29

3 9 .5

1 8 5 .0 0

1 8 0.0 0

1 9 0 .0 0 -2 1 1 .0 0

-

5

8

16

17

19

22

11

72

9 0 .0

1 9 8.5 0

1 8 5.0 0

1 6 3 .5 0 -2 2 1 .5 0

-

57

3 9 .5

1 6 8 .0 0

1 9 9.5 0

1 3 3 .5 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

O R DE R C L E R K S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

166

3 8 .0

2 2 9 .0 0

2 2 5 .0 0

1 2 6 .0 0 -3 0 8 .5 0

2 7 9 .0 0

2 9 1 .0 0

2 2 5 .0 0 -3 1 1 .0 0

o
o

14

2

1 6 6.5 0

19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

“

“

~

“

“

30

5

-

-

-

-

3

13
6

17

-

-

1
-

2

7

13

~
5

-

-

“
2

~

”

92

44

22

27

19

30

18
4

-

-

*

-

-

-

12

30
14

20

6

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

10

11

-

-

-

-

-

14

4

3

2

7

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

“

-

1

-

-

2

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

~
“

-

”

-

-

-

"
~

”

-

-

~
-

“

-

6

10

12

16

6

9

3

3

-

6

8

10

7

7

6

5

5

1

~

2

1

-

-

-

-

*

22

18

9

7

5

4

i

19

4

17

22

15

11

4

-

-

4

2

3

4

1

19

4

i
i

16

22

11

10

1

21

-

-

4

-

at end o f t a b l e s .

-

14
12

15
13

5

at $1 0 0 to $1 10 .




“

6

6

1 2 7 .0 0

See f o o tn o te s

~

~

8

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

w ere

_

"

11
8

4 0 .0

W orkers

“

9

212

99

~

8

409

6

“

“

-

”

~

M E S S E N G E R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------R E T A I L TRAD E --------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------

1 9 7 . 5u

-

“
*

-

i

29

39

-

“
1

-

1

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Detroit, Mich., March 1978— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
weekly
hours1
(standard]

s

$
110
Mean2

Medi an 2

Middle range 2

Under
S

s

s

S

s

*

$

$

%

*

$

s

s

s

s

s

S

%

$

120

130

190

160

18 0

200

220

290

26 0

280

300

3 20

390

360

380

900

920

440

960

130

190

160

180

200

220

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

380

9 00

920

440

460

980

257

159

197

133
91
42

97
14

35

and
under

110

120

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
ORDER CLERKS - CONTINUED
109

3 7 .5

$
1 7 8 .0 0

$
1 3 3.0 0

$
$
1 1 9 .0 0 -2 2 9 .5 3

6

22

18

9

7

5

4

ACCOUNTING CLERKS --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------RETAIL TRADE --------------FINANCE ---------------------

2 .5 3 5

3 9 .5

2 3 2 .0 0

2 1 6 .5 0

1 7 6 .5 0 -2 8 2 .5 0

10

55

64

218

307

28 0

1 .3 6 1

9 0 .0

2 5 9 .5 0

2 5 1 .5 0

2 0 6 .0 0 -3 1 7 .5 3

44
-

10

77

1 .1 7 9

3 9 .0

1 8 6 .5 0

1 5 9 .0 0 -2 2 9 .0 0

55
-

44
-

59
-

14 1

96
211

98
182

2

7

8

39

33

65

109

5

98

108
31

12

ORDER CLERKSt CLASS B --------

169

3 9 .5

1 9 9 .5 0
2 9 7 .5 0

2 3 8 .0 0

2 3 3 .5 0 -2 8 2 .0 0

10
-

635

3 9 .0

1 7 8.0 0

1 8 2 .0 0

1 9 9 .0 0 -2 0 8 .5 0

10

55

157

9 0 .0

2 0 3 .0 0

1 7 7 .5 0

1 5 6 .5 0 -2 1 2 .0 0

-

“

ACCOUNTING CLERKS f CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------RETAIL TRADE ---------------FINANCE ----------------------

1 .2 6 7

9 0 .0

2 7 1 .5 0

2 6 7 .5 0

2 1 5 .0 0 -3 3 9 .0 0

-

8

800
967

9 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 9 5 .5 0
2 3 1 .0 0

3 0 9 .5 0
2 0 6 .5 0

2 9 5 .0 0 -3 9 2 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0 -2 7 5 .0 0

-

8
-

16
16

9 0 .0

2 6 9 .0 0

2 7 5.5 0

2 3 8 .0 0 -2 9 1 .5 0

-

8
-

8

75

ACCOUNTING CLERKS» CLASS B --MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------FINANCE ---------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS —

-

1
398

17

1

181

153

117

116

167
19

109

37

62

10

31
19

91

29

30

139
7

60

115

193

2
10

8
52

16
99
-

6

4

2

-

“

135

122

80

44

26

109

101

58

38

19

7

26
_

21
_

22
_

6
_

7
_

2

_

_

_

_

_

6
i n

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

2

8
4

2
2

-

18

7

3

-

-

129

113

78

97

100

116

122

80

44

26

68
75

96
33

81
32

55
23

60

89

109

101

58

38

19

_

37

1 1

_

_

1 1

30

7
_

_

7

21
_

6

13

7
_

22

5

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

220

3 9 .5

1 9 6.5 0

2 0 0 .0 0

1 7 6 .5 0 -2 1 8 .5 0

-

8

8

16

4

4
23

50

59

19

22

8

2

5
1

-

_

-

_

-

_

_

82

9 0 .0

2 1 0 .5 0

1 8 6.0 0

1 7 2 .0 0 -2 1 5 .0 3

-

-

-

-

6

25

28

5

-

2

4

2

-

-

7

3

-

-

-

-

-

1 .26 8

3 9 .0

1 9 2 .0 0

1 8 9 .0 0

1 5 6 .5 0 -2 1 7 .5 0

97

98

2 06

29 7

16 5

205

128

91

69

36

1 1

_

_

_

_

_

_

2 0 5 .5 0

19
-

_

561

36
-

9 0 .0

2 0 8 .5 0

1 7 2 .0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0

10
-

10

75

88

82

113

57

36

6 1

31

8

707

3 8 .5

1 7 9 .0 0

1 7 3.5 0

1 9 9 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0

10

97

36

38

131

159

83

92

7 1

5

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 6 8.5 0

1 6 8 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

10

97

31

17

61

85

59

80

22

2

-

i

19
-

-

3 8 .5

5
-

3

915

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

75

9 0 .0

1 9 5 .5 0

1 5 6 .5 0

1 9 6 .5 0 -2 0 9 .5 0

-

*

-

5

42

6

2

2

~

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

59

3 9 .0

2 9 7 .0 0

2 5 5 .5 0

1 9 9 .5 0 -2 9 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

6

7

2

2

8

8

8

6

3

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

PAYROLL CLERKS ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

9 06

3 9 .5

2 1 8 .0 0

2 0 5 .0 0

1 6 2 .0 0 -2 5 6 .5 3

90

64

42

90

59

13

16

10

19

29

12

16

5

2

_

_

_

2 2 2 .5 0

1 7 8 .0 0 -2 9 8 .5 0

12

23

31

29

12

15

9

7

22

i i

14

4

-

-

1 7 6.5 0

1 9 9 .0 0 -2 1 6 .0 0

2

14

1

1

7

2

2

i

-

-

-

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 7 6 .5 0

2

19

16

18
4

1

1 9 8 .0 0

17
9

20

1 5 1.5 0

17
9

33

3 8 .5

4
4

2
-

-

3 9 .0

16
29

39

165
64

2 3 9 .5 0
1 8 7 .0 0

4
-

29

9 0 .0

2
~

19

291

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------RETAIL TRADE ---------------SERVICES ---------------------

2 .0 0 0

3 9 .5

2 3 2 .5 0

2 2 3.5 0

1 7 6 .0 0 -2 9 3 .5 0

-

176

337

29 0

9 0 .0

2 6 6 .5 0

2 7 5.5 0

2 3 9 .0 0 -3 1 5 .5 0

10
-

28

695

3
~

-

12

52

1 .3 0 5

3 9 .5

2 1 9 .5 0

1 9 7 .0 0

1 6 6 .0 0 -2 7 7 .0 0

169

285

3 9 .0

2 9 5 .0 0

2 7 2.5 0

2 1 5 .0 0 -2 7 7 .0 0

10
-

28

253

3
-

19

300

9 0 .0

1 7 7 .5 0

1 7 3 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

-

2

10

12

96

8
101

71

3 8 .5

1 9 7 .5 0

1 8 9 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 1 9 .5 0

1

-

5

10

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------SERVICES --------------------

935

3 9 .5

2 3 8 .0 0

220•00

1 8 4 .0 0 -2 9 4 .5 0

-

-

-

8
-

8
-

3
-

-

8

8

8

8

4

1

91

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

133

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
4

109

21

7
-

28
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

-

1

2

-

5

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

176

97

33

45

125

63

86

119

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

10

16

15

28

31

35

52

91

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

172
31

166

81

18

99

28

-

-

-

-

7

2

28
-

-

27

39
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

16

67
21

17
-

1

2

5

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

173

165

69

75

91

93

77

99

203

-

_

-

_

-

_

_

_

12

52

23
41

29
96

99

67

35

46

109

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

92

26

92

53

99

-

9

26

38

2

30

21

5

15

2

4

1 9 9 .0 0

1 7 6 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

1 8 9 .0 0

1 7 6 .0 0 -2 8 9 .0 0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------RETAIL TRADE ---------------FINANCE ----------------------

1 .06 5

3 9 .5

2 2 8 .0 0

2 2 6.5 0

1 6 8 .0 0 -2 9 2 .5 0

-

3

917

9 0 .0

2 5 1 .5 0

2 5 5.0 0

2 1 8 .0 0 -3 0 0 .0 0

-

3
-

2

20
-

161

113

-

19

2

2

4

96

8
70

195

3 9 .5

1 7 7 .0 0

1 5 6 .0 0

1 9 6 .0 0 -1 8 1 .0 0

-

-

i i

99

35

27

5

TABULATIN6-HACHINE OPERATORS --NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

206

9 0 .0

3 2 2 .5 0

3 2 3.0 0

2 9 9 .0 0 -3 5 2 .0 0

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

15

123

9 0 .0

3 1 7 .5 0

3 1 2 .5 0

2 8 6 .0 0 -3 5 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

48

3 9 .5

2 9 1 .5 0

3 1 1.0 0

2 3 8 .0 0 -3 1 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




156

81

172

1 8 6.5 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -2 7 2 .5 0

81

136

9

2 1 1 .5 0

1 5 2 .5 0 -1 7 2 .0 0

66

93

92

3 8 .5

2 0 3 .5 0 -2 7 2 .5 0

95

30

9 0 .0

1 9 3 .0 0

_

92

58

1 6 7.0 0

-

_

17

150

2 2 2 .5 0

-

_

72
21

1 7 6 .0 0 -2 7 7 .0 0

1 6 9 .0 0

-

60

2 6 0 .5 0 -3 2 7 .0 0

2 1 2 .5 0

_

69

3 0 2 .0 0

2 2 9 .0 0

_

95

1 9 9 .0 0

3 9 .5

_

127

2 8 9 .0 0

3 9 .5

_

33

2 1 6 .0 0

3 8 .5

119

207

3 9 .5

198

289

138

9 0 .0

150

162

129

278

648

202

172

657

-

1

1

22

20

2

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

~

-

-

-

1

4

18

-

-

4

10

29

44

35

30

25

15

4

-

-

-

15

4

2

19

31

18

9

17

12

i

-

-

13

-

b

21

3

~

3

~

“

-

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Detroit, Mich., March 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Occupation an d industry division

Number
of
wo ike n

A vera ge
weekly
hours1
(standard)

s
Mean2

M e d ia n 2

Middle range 2

of—

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time w e ek ly earning
110
Under
,
and
n o

under
120

*

$

s

S

120

130

140

160

180

200

220

240

26 0

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

s
420

t
440

460

130

140

160

180

20 0

220

240

260

28 0

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

460

480

8

7

7

25
17

15
12

4
i

-

-

-

31
23

26

9

~

2

-

~

11

S

1

t

%

s

$

%

%

%

$

t

$

e

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
TABULATING-HACHINE
CONTINUED

OPERATORS—

TABULATING-HACHINE OPERATORS.
C L A S S A -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

86
52

$
$
$
$
60 .0 35 6. 50 361.50 3 4 1 . 0 0 - 3 7 5 . 5 0
4 0 .0 3 5 6. 00 366.00 3 3 4 . 0 0 - 3 7 7 . 0 0

TABULATING-HACHINE OPERATORS.
C L A S S B -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

108
68
36

4 0 .0 30 0. 50 312.50 2 8 5 . 5 0 - 3 2 4 . 5 0
40 . 0 2 9 9. 00 304 .50 2 6 1 . 5 0 - 3 1 3 . 0 0
39 .5 27 9 . 0 0 286.00 2 3 8 . 0 0 - 3 1 2 . 5 0

15
15

14

15

Se e footnotes at end of tables.




20
2

23

-

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Detroit, Mich., March 1978
^^^Weekl^Tarning^^™
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Av erage
weekl y
hours1
(standard

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings of—
160

Mean 2

r and
unde r

Middle range 2

Median 2

180

180

_
200

200

_

220

_

220

2

m

0

_

260

260

_

260

280

_

300

320

360

360

380

600

620

660

660

680

_

500

360

360

380

560

580

—

and

6 20

660

660

6 80

500

560

580

over

150
73
77
37

138
86
56
25

145
85
60
26

145
96
49
11

150
106
44
8

189
117
72
8

376
203
173
1

199
138
61
2

34
31
3
“

59
25
34
22

55
28
27
21

64
21
43
24

77
34
43
11

68
32
36
8

96
39
57
8

229
71
158
1

156
95
61
2

34
31
3

28 0

300

320

600

66
30
16
9

96
66
50
11

170
115
55
16

119
73
66
21

155
62
93
30

2
2
2

6
2
2
2

3
3
3

20
6
16
10

33
4
29
15

82
61
21
8
10

96
37
59
42
15

64
22
42
22
15

63
21
22
9
6

50
34
16
4
2

45
39
6
1

ALL U 0 R K E R S
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S AN AL YS TS
(BUS INE SS) ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------F I N A N C E ---------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B US IN ES S I . C L AS S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------F I N A N C E -----------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------F I N A N C E -----------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B US IN ES S) . C L AS S C ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (B US I N E S S )
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------F I N A N C E ----------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B US INESS),
CLA S S A ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------F I N A N C E -------------------------C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (BU SI N ES S) ,
C L AS S B ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------F I N A N C E -------------------------C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (B US IN ES S) .
CLA S S C ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------R E TA IL T R AD E ------------------F I N A N C E --------------------------

$

$

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 3 8 .0 0

6 6 2 .5 0

3 7 0 .5 0 -5 0 7 .0 0

1 .2 7 0

$
6 6 3 .5 0

6 5 3 .5 0

3 7 2 .0 0 -5 0 9 .0 0

876

3 9 .0

6 3 0 .0 0

6 3 1 .5 0

3 7 0 .5 0 -5 0 6 .5 0

210

3 9 .5

3 8 6 .0 0

3 8 7 .5 0

3 5 0 .0 0 -4 2 2 .0 0

2 .16 6

$

-

-

-

-

6
6

3
2
1
1

23
9
14
4

-

-

-

-

3 9 .5

4 8 4 .5 0

6 9 6.0 0

6 3 7 .5 0 -5 2 9 .5 0

-

-

388

6 0 .0

4 9 7 .5 0

5 0 2.0 0

6 6 5 .0 0 -5 5 1 .0 0

512

3 9 .0

6 7 5 .0 0

4 9 0 .0 0

6 3 1 .5 0 -5 2 0 .0 0

“

-

129

3 9 .5

4 1 0 .5 0

6 1 2 .5 0

3 8 1 .0 0 -6 3 8 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2
-

8
5
3
1
2

29
26
5
2
2

52
60
12
5
5

129
108
21
10
11

_

6
6

1
1

15
11

15
9

60
36

38
31

17
11

26
5

27
1

60
5

31
1

66
17
29
5

68
21
27
12

55
16
39
20

83
36
69
22

133
63
70
28

165
95
50
13

186
102
86
25

184
105
79
15

160
94
66
17

1 36
83
51
6

_
-

16
16
-

"

"

8
4
4
1

3
3
2

17
10
7
2

12
7
5
6

37
21
16
12

52
32
20
13

69
41
28
17

25
16
11
5

18
5
13
3

25
6
19
10

67
28
19
13

66
18
28
23

66
37
27
6

120
72
68
12

113
62
51
2

83
50
33

900

898

6 0 .0

4 1 2 .0 0

3 9 2.5 0

6 56

6 0 .0

6 2 0 .0 0

6 2 8.5 0

3 3 5 .5 0 -5 0 2 .0 0

262

3 9 .5

3 9 0 .0 0

3 7 9.5 0

3 5 7 .5 0 -6 1 6 .0 0

114

3 8 .5

3 8 1 .0 0

3 7 0 .5 0

3 6 5 .5 0 -3 9 1 .0 0

66

3 9 .5

3 5 8 .5 0

3 6 2.5 0

3 3 6 .0 0 -3 8 6 .5 0

“

~

346

3 9 .5

3 8 5 .0 0

3 9 5 .0 0

3 2 3 .5 0 -6 6 7 .0 0

_

_

120

3 9 .0

3 2 0 .5 0

3 1 7 .0 0

3 0 8 .5 0 -3 3 5 .0 0

3 6 1 .5 0 -6 8 7 .0 0

4 0 .0

3 6 7 .5 0

3 6 7.5 0

3 1 9 .0 0 -6 2 0 .5 0

951

6 0 .0

381 .5 0

3 8 0.0 0

3 3 3 .5 0 -6 3 3 .5 0

691

4 0 .0

3 6 8 .5 0

3 5 3.5 0

203

3 9 .5

3 2 5 .5 0

3 1 6.5 0

2 9 9 .0 0 -3 9 6 .5 0
2 7 8 .5 0 -3 7 1 .5 0

657

6 0 .0

6 2 2 .0 0

6 2 7.5 0

3 8 6 .0 0 -6 6 6 .5 0

443

4 0 .0

6 2 6 .5 0

6 3 3.5 0

3 9 0 .5 0 -6 7 3 .0 0

216

4 0 .0

4 1 2 .5 0

6 1 2.0 0

3 7 8 .5 0 -6 5 6 .0 0

80

3 9 .5

3 9 6 .0 0

3 8 5.5 0

3 5 9 .0 0 -4 4 1 .0 0

1 t6 4 2

-

~

2
2
2

8
8
8

28
20
8
6

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

_
"

"

"

_

_

3
-

4 0 .0

3 5 0 .0 0

3 5 6.5 0

3 1 8 .5 0 -3 8 5 .5 0

360

6 0 .0

3 5 6 .5 0

3 5 9 .5 0

3 3 3 .5 0 -3 9 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

6 0 .0

3 6 1 .5 0

3 5 2 .0 0

3 0 5 .0 0 -3 7 8 .0 0

75

3 9 .5

3 0 1 .5 0

3 0 5 .0 0

2 7 9 .5 0 -3 2 6 .0 0

337
148

4 0 .0

2 9 6 .5 0

3 1 0.0 0

2 6 8 .0 0 -3 3 0 .5 0

2

8

4 0 .0

3 0 8 .0 0

3 2 1 .5 0

3 0 2 .0 0 -3 3 3 .5 0

-

-

189

3 9 .5

2 8 7 .0 0

2 9 8.5 0

2 6 8 .0 0 -3 2 3 .0 0

2

8

1 .6 5 0

6 0 .0

2 9 3 .0 0

2 9 9.5 0

2 2 0 .0 0 -3 6 6 .0 0

963

4 0 .0

3 1 0 .5 0

3 2 8.5 0

2 3 9 .5 0 -3 7 8 .0 0

3
1

28
20
8

8

102
51
51

1 22
52
70
9
9
47

3 9 .5

2 5 8 .0 0

2 3 8.0 0

2 0 7 .5 0 -3 1 1 .0 0

63
40
23

112

3 9 .5

2 6 8 .0 0

2 5 9.5 0

2 3 3 .5 0 -3 0 6 .5 0

-

76
47
29
1

81

3 9 .5

2 3 6 .0 0

2 4 4 .5 0

1 9 5 .0 0 -2 6 9 .5 0

8

5

8

198

3 9 .5

2 1 5 .5 0

2 1 1.0 0

1 8 7 .0 0 -2 3 6 .0 0

15

21

41

487

11
11
1

_

648
288

_

"

2

See fo ot n ot e s at end of t a b l e s .




-

~

-

24

-

8

21
3
18

16
-

16

22
6
16

33
6
27

70
35
35

69
51
18

29
9
20

19
11

80

101
26

122
108
16

3
3
-

67

62
39
23

62

3

8

30
16

105
70
35
23

6

25

5

7

5

32

18

8

5

6

133
56
79

93

-

66

50

77

”

~

68
54
14
5
~

141
126
15
4
~

23
-

36
2

25
1

6

131
90
41
5

87
60
27
6

84
58
26
6

61
46
15
6

77
63
36
6

97
71
26
5

74
50
24
6

78
55
23
6

61
46
15
6

51
36
15

34
19
15

13
10
3

6
3
3

-

“

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

”

18
18

15
14
1

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

46
40
6
1

_

_

49
40
9
2

7
7
-

-

49
40
9
2

7
7
“

“

_

_
-

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

6
6
2

115
95

103

20

15

1 33
107
26

-

3

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

2

-

88

“

_

8
3
5

8

43
43
“

'

_

_
”

~

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Detroit, Mich., March 1978 — Continued
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

*

Av erage
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

160

180

200

22 0

24 0

26 0

28 0

30 0

320

360

$
360

*
380

*
600

4
620

*
660

s

660

i

680

t

500

r and
unde r

180

s

560
_

200

220

260

26 0

28 0

300

320

360

360

38G

60 0

9

29
22
7

20
1
19
2

15
8
7
7

7
4
3
1

31
10
21
16

16
9
7
-

25
20
5
-

69
60
9
1

65
38
7
53
65
8

62 0

660

660

680

17
17
-

15
16
1

-

560

580 o v e r

7
7

-

1
1
-

500

580
and

-

ALL WO RK E R S C O NT INUED
COMPUTER OPERATORS - CONTINUED
C O MP UT ER OPERATORSt CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------

388
271
117
30

COMP UT ER OPERATORS. CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------F I N A N C E --------------------

686

COMP UT ER OPERATORS. CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------F I N A N C E --------------------

376
255

--------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -•
PUBLIC UTILITIES

drafters

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

637
269
72
89

121

76
3.101
2.882
219
112

1.850
1.782

s
$
60 .0 34 0. 50 366.00
60 .0 3 5 5. 00 377.00
60.0 30 7. 50 317.00
60 .0 30 6. 00 317.00

60 .0
60 .0
39.5
39.5
39 .5

2 9 6. 50
3 1 6. 00
2 6 2. 00
25 1 . 5 0
2 2 0. 50

60 . 0 23 7. 50
60 . 0 25 6. 00
39.5 20 2. 50
39.5 19 5. 00
60 .0
60 .0
60 . 0
39.5

299
338
238
238
215

50
.00
00
00
00

225.00
270.00
191.50
191.50

$
$
269.00-607.50
316.50616.50
266.5037 6 . 5 0
270.5031 7 . 0 0
231
255
21 6
233
201

00-360.50
00-373.50
50-290.00
50-289.50
50-239.50

-

27
22
5
1

63
51
12
1
9

62
18
44
8
31

80
19
61
41
15

49
27
22
1
6

24
12
12
7

52
26
26
15
4

36
27
9
2
4

51
36
15
2
-

79
72
7
-

58
67

30

26
13
13
13

24
16
6
6

21
20

38
33
5

36
32
2

18
16
2

8
8

5
5

1

11

31
12
19
10

23
19

30
23

11
7
4
-

11
7
4
-

20
12
8
-

20
14
6
-

61
41
20
15

123
94
29
22

131
87
44
35

119
100
19
6

152
137
15
5

177
149
28
9

228
214
14
6

179
167
12
3

238
224
14
11

229
228
1

276
275
1
-

251
251

296
296

579
579

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
1

25
15

16
8

26
9

62
54

67
57

126
112

161
160

243
242

248
248

296
296

579
579

-

_

39
13
26

56

26
16

63
57
6

120
114
6

95
93
2

103
103

68
68

33
33

3
3

_

8

12

21

86
73
11
9

-

7
17

46
46

17
17

9
9

-

-

-

52
48

7
7

23
23

9
9

11
11

58
56

62
60

20
18

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
3
3
-

14
4
10
-

3

10

166.0030 5 . 0 0 *60
162.003 1 8 . 0 0 60
171.50-221.50
20
167.002 2 1. 00 12

58
39
19

61 5. 00 628.00 353 50 -6 85 50
62 3. 50 636.50 365 5 0 -6 90 0 0
30 7. 00 296.00 275 0 0 -3 68 50
3 0 8. 00 290.50 275 00 - 3 6 0 50

-

9
-

720
606
116
83

60 .0
6 0 .0
60 .0
60 .0

36 2. 50 368.00 333 U 0 - 6 0 6 .50
37 6. 00 379.00 367 5 0 - 6 0 8 . 5 0
29 1. 50 28 5.00 276 5 0 - 3 0 7 . 5 0
2 9 6. 50 288.50 275 0 0 - 3 0 6 . 0 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING —

377
366

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

316 50 32 7.00 2 8 9 . 0 0 - 3 5 2 . 0 0
323 50 33 0.00 3 0 6 . 0 0 - 3 5 6 . 0 0
27 2.50 2 5 6 . 5 0 - 2 9 5 . 0 0
272.00 2 5 6 . 0 0 - 2 9 5 . 0 0

156
152

60 .0 27 0. 00
60 . 0 27 0. 00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

163
153

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

RE GISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

636
390

26

2
2

60 0 36 0 . 0 0 365 .50 320 0 0 - 3 7 1 . 0 0
60 0 36 2 . 0 0 367 .00 321 0 0 - 3 7 1 . 5 0

*

W o rk e rs w e re distribu ted as fo llo w s :

2

2

6
6

8
8

32
32

21

35
27
37
29

55
56

52
50

36
36

15
15

16
16
12
8

3 at $ 120 to $ 140; and 57 at $ 140 to $ 160.

25

25
23

6

31
30

37 0 . 5 0 376 50 3 6 0 . 5 0 - 6 0 6 . 0 0
37 2. 50 376 50 3 6 6 . 0 0 - 6 1 1 . 0 0

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




5
2

5
3

2

-

61
52
9

1

60 .0 6 6 8 0 0 67 7.50 63 7 5 0 - 5 0 9 . 0 0
60 . 0 671 50 67 9. 00 666 0 0 - 5 1 0 . 0 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS B —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES

DRAFTER-TRACERS
MANUFACTURING

6

11
2

72
55
17

15
15

22
20

12

9
36
29

2
73
70

66
66

2
2

22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

10
10

-

77
66

21

107
97

-

-

Table A-10. Average w eekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by s e x large establishments in D etroit, M ich ., M arch 1978
Average
(mean2)
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Weekh
r
hours
(standard

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and induatry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - MEN
MANUFACTURING --------------

40.0

ACCOUNTING CLERKS:
MANUFACTURING --------------

40.0 321.50
294
249

40.0 323.50
40.0 326.00

59
52

40.0 327.50
40.0 328.50

116

75

40.0 330.00
40.0 328.00

61

40.0 361.00

6*268
4.122

40.0 296.50
40.0 314.50

222

37.0 282.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----

366
277

4 0 . Q 352.50
40.0 369.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --nonmanufacturing:
w h o l e s a l e TRADE
FINANCE -------SERVICES -------

1.433
964

39.5 325.00
40.0 341.50

94
152
72

40.0 363.50
39.5 248.50
36.5 319.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----nonmanufacturing:
WHOLESALE TRADE —
FINANCE ----------

3.173
2.138

40.C 296.00
40.0 312.00

327
322

40.0 319.00
39.5 217.50

SECRETARIES. CLASS D
nonmanufacturing:
PUBLIC UTILITIES

1.215
44

1.139
379
760
157
310
118

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
36.5

TYPISTS. CLASS A --MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
FINANCE ---------SERVICES ---------

6 22
288
334
89
87
116

39.5
40.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
36.5

TYPISTS. CLASS B —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----nonmanufacturing —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

517
91
426
68

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

451
72
379
259

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

FILE CLERKS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING ---

172
59
113

40.0
40.0
40.0

FILE CLERKS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING FINANCE -----------

274
261
184

40.C
40.0
40.0

MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

289
147
142
33

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

MANUFACTURING NONMANUFACTURING

123
68
55

39.5
40.0
39.0

115

37.5

232.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A ----------------------OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - WOrtEN
SECRETARIES --------MANUFACTURING --nonmanufacturing:
SERVICES ------

STENOGRAPHERS*

See fo o tn o te s

SENIOR

o

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC UTILITIES —

N0NMANUF ACTURING
FINANCE -------

OROER CLERKS
oroer

o

STENOGRAPHERS -------MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES

1.4 54
789
665
209

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

245.00
248.50
241.50
271.50

469
180
289
131

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

224.50
221.50
226.00
272.00

985

39.5 255.00

c l e r k s , class

92

b

37.0 154.50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. C
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING -PUBLIC UTILITIES
RETAIL TRADE ---FINANCE ----------

26

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
40.0

220.00
245.00
193.50
177.00
203.50

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

256.50
281.50
222.50
264.00
194.00
207.50

Number
o
f
workers

1.147
547
600
381
69
57

Average
(mean2)
Weekly
Weekly
hours1 earnings1
(stan a d ( tandard)
dr) s

39 .0
40.0
38.5
38.5
40.0

$
190.00
208.00
173.50
167.50
199.50

39.0 246.00

341
189
152
64

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5

199.00
215.00
179.00
151.50

1.854
691
1.163
269
71

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
38.5

235.00
266.50
216.50
175.00
197.50

901
276
625
58

39.5
40.0
39.5
38.5

239.00
289.50
217.00
211.50

953
415
5 38
150
165

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5

231.50
251.50
215.50
169.00
179.50

77

40.0 326.00

1 *633
1.156

40.0 446.00
40.0 448.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS). CLASS A1
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

371

40.0 497.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS). CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

7 38
598

40.0 419.50
40.0 423.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) --MANUFACTURING ---------------------

1.139
727

40.0 380.00
40.0 392.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

529
388

40.0 429.50
40.0 430.00

236.50 TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS -----270.50
201.5u
252.50
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
181.50
192.00
168.50 COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) --------------------------182.00
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

959
551
408
64
208
67

MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
RETAIL TRADE —
FINANCE -------

Sex, 3 occupation, an d industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
$
203.00 A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S - C O N T I N U E D
246.00
ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B -----181.50
MANUFACTURING --------------------230.00
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------152.50
RETAIL TRADE -------------------211.00
FINANCE ------------------------233.50
253.50 BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS ----216.00
256.50 PAYROLL CLERKS ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------174.00
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------212.00
RETAIL TRAOE -------------------166.00
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ----------------222.50
MANUFACTURING --------------------154.00
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------195.50
RETAIL TRADE -------------------152.00
SERVICES -----------------------193.00
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A ---144.50
MANUFACTURING --------------------139.50
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------189.50
SERVICES -----------------------206.00
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B ---181.00
MANUFACTURING --------------------128.00
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------128.00
RETAIL TRADE -------------------127.50
FINANCE -------------------------

2.106
1.098
1 .008
589
136

at end o f ta b le s .




Weekly
Weekly
hours1 earnings1
(standard) (stan a d
dr)

TYPISTS --------------MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
FINANCE ---------SERVICES ---------

40.0 250.00

PAYROLL CLERKS —
MANUFACTURING

Average
(mean2)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

messengers:

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------------

Number
o
f
workers

Table A-10. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by s e x large establishm ents in Detroit, M ich., M arch 1978— Continued
Avermse
( m ea n2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

WeekW
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)
CONTINUED

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M E R S <B U S I N E S S ) •
C L A S S B ------- ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS fBUSINESS).
C L A S S c:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

253

86

1.055
725

$
AO • 0 35 5. 50
AO .0 36 1.50

39.5 23 7. 00
39.5 21 5. 50

313
233
80

AO .O 35 2. 50
A O .O 36 5. 00
A O .O 3 1 7. 00

694
594

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------- t r a c e r s --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

72

40.0
40.0
4 0 .0
40.0

36 4 . 5 0
3 7 6. 50
2 9 3. 00
29 6 . 5 0

345
324

40 . 0
40 . 0

3 1 9. 00
3 2 4. 50

112

4 0 .0
40.0

26 8 . 5 0
2 6 8. 50

100

A 90
333

A O .O 30 6. 00
AO .O 32 2. 00

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS. CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

252
159
93

AO .O 23 9. 00
AO .O 26 2.00
39.5 19 9.50

CO MP U T E R SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) :
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

2 993
2 80A
189
93

A1 9. 50
A O .O A2 6. 50
AO .O 31 1. 50
AO .O 31 1. 00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

4 0 .0

110
161
151

40 . 0
40.0

37 1 . 0 0
3 7 3. 50

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WO ME N

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

D R A F T E R S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N H A N U F AC T U R I N 6 ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

40 .0

$
346 .50

114

58

4 0 .0

40.0

COMP UT ER PR OGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
class a:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

55

C O MP UT ER PR OGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
class b :
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

107

C O MP UT ER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
c l a s s c:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

62

COMPUTER o p e r a t o r s :
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

238

104

40 .0

118
96

40 .0 2 3 7. 50
4 0 .0 241 . 50

96
78

40 .0 295 . 50
40 . 0 303 .50

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

$
4 0 . 0 46 8 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 47 2 . 0 0

224

D R A F T E R S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

1.842
1.776

CO MPUTER PR OGRAMMERS (BUSINESS):
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

CONTINUED

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

drafter

60
138

Weekly
earning*1
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

AO • 0 31 3. 00
AO . O 30 A. OO
AO • 0 32 2. 50

Weekly
hour*
[standard)

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S BI
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

DRAFTERS -

A 21

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

380
347

40 .0 3 4 0. 00
40 .0 340 . 50

39 5 . 0 0

38 0 . 5 0

4 0 .0 4 0 0. 50

40 .0

3 4 5. 50

301 .50

o
o

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------




Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

O
o

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------nonmanufacturing:
R E T A I L T R AD E --------------------F I N A N C E ---------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.

Weekly
hours
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
-

Average
( m e a n 2)

Av era ge
( m e a n2 )
Number
of
worker*

274 . 50

297 . 50

Table A -11. Hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom , and pow erplant w orkers—large establishments
in D etroit, M ich., M arch 1978
N u m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings o f—

Hourly earnings 4

S

s

Mean *

Medi an*

Middle range *

Under
s
6 .60

t

S

1

*

s

*

$

$

s

$

*

$

%

%

s

S

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .9 0

7 .6 0

7 .3 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .9 0

8 .6 0

8 .8 0

9 .0 0

9 .2 0

9 .9 0

9 .6 0

9 .8 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0 .2 0 1 0 .9 0 1 0 .6 0 1 0 .8 0

6 .8 0

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

7 .0 0

7 .20

7 .9 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .20

8 .9 0

8 .6 0

8 .8 0

9 .0 0

9 .2 0

9 .9 0

9 .6,0

9 . 8 0 1 0 . 0 0 10 . 2 0 1 0 . 9 0 1 0 . 6 0 1 0 . 8 0

13

13

13

29

13

36

5

29

4

11

19

50

931

1

3

-

-

10

29
-

13
-

36

3

2

4

10

19

50

913

1

2

27

-

1

-

-

18

3
-

$

$

t

*

and
under

and
over

ALL W O R K E R S
M A IN TE NA NC E C A R P E N T E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------MA I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUB L IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------M A I N T E NA NC E P A I N T E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

$
8 .8 7

$
9 .3 2

4

9 .2 8
8 .2 9

9 .1 0 -

9 .3 2

-

5
-

6 .9 9 -

8 .2 5

4

5

13

13

3

7 .0 5

39

$
8 .6 5 -

7 .9 2

59S
88

$
9 .28

9 .0 2

683

7 .0 0

6 .8 6 -

7 .1 6

3

13

13

3

2

4

-

44

71

66

25

30

75

111

64

72

95

3251

2

-

87

_

-

-

44

55
11

25

26

59

111

69

21

-

-

2
-

85
2

-

-

3210
91

-

4

72
-

44

-

6 1
10

-

10

11

3 .9 8 2

9 .9 1

9 .58

9 .5 0 -

9 .5 8

-

-

3 .88 6

9 .4 3

9 .58

9 .5 0 -

9 .5 8

-

-

96

8 .7 1

8 .4 2

7 .9 3 -

9 .58

25

7 .6 3

7 .61

7 .6 1 -

7 .8 5

-

2
-

4

1

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

2

4

-

”

1
1
-

1
-

-

1

644

8 .9 6

9 .2 9

9 .0 7 -

9 .2 8

i

2

4

2

4

27

11

51

2

2

15

15

20

8

469

-

9

2

9 .0 0

9 .2 4

9 .2 4 -

9 .2 8

-

2

4

-

4

27

11

30

2

1

15

15

20

8

956

-

9

-

~

-

609

33
-

33
-

-

-

MA I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------nonmanufacturing:
PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

844

9 .1 5

9 .4 0

8 .9 2 -

9 .4 0

-

-

-

18

4

22

29

70

2

_

35

29

66

32

139

282

-

2

56

73

758

9 .3 0

9 .4 0

9 .1 7 -

9 .9 0

-

-

-

-

4

16

22

32

-

-

15

29

66

32

134

282

“

2

56

73

86

7 .8 4

7 .9 4

7 .5 8 -

8 .0 7

-

-

-

18

-

6

2

38

2

-

20

MA I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C S (M A C H I N E R Y ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

9 .1 3 9

9 .3 2

9 .5 0

9 .9 2 -

9 .5 8

82

-

20

1

13

16

33

23

18

88

7

67

113

101

61

3982

9

-

-

-

4 t 080

9 .3 3
8 .4 1

9 .5 0
8 .2 9

9 .9 2 -

9 .5 8

82

-

20

1

13

16

33

6

18

61

7

67

113

101

60

-

-

8 .2 9

~

“

~

“

27

~

~

3973
9

9

7 .9 6 -

“

~

_

59

“

17

“

1

-

-

-

-

37

62

88

185

1072

_

_

_

_

39

-

-

21

22

181

943

37

-

-

-

-

~

“

-

10

37

91

66

4

129

21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

62
62

2

37

66

2

16

20

48

54

6

4

-

107

185

41

2049

20

99

-

-

44

59

6

4

-

107

185

41

2028

20

99

-

-

2

11

46

-

2

14

16

13

1

496

37

-

-

2

n

46

-

2

-

16

13

1

496

37

-

-

57

68

118

-

53

-

80

99

651

3242

87

20

129

-

57

68

118

-

53

-

80

94

649

3191

87

20

129

-

12

7

57
57

136
136

720

194

1

7

21
21

891

12

5
5

72

-

1
1

72

89 1

7 20

194

i

_

-

20

19

9

9

51

5

33

387

291

5018

18

5

-

-

-

-

20

19

9

9

51

5

33

387

291

5018

18

5

-

~

1
-

3

-

30

14

29

7

10

16

8 1

228

1

7

51

2

22

-

20

9

8

7

10

16

77

227

i

1
-

37

2
1

27

6

51

2

22

10

5

21

1

10

1

1 .7 9 1

9 .0 2

9 .3 2

14

7

2

16

25

21

1 .3 0 1

9 .1 8

9 .3 2

9 .2 2 -

9 .3 6

6

1

-

4

15

8 .5 7

8 .8 5

8 .0 5 -

9 .3 4

16

20

14

3

2
-

12

440

4

18
3

277

8 .2 2

8 .9 8

7 .9 4 -

8 .9 2

16

20

14

3

“

4

10
10

MA IN TE N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

2 .6 8 3

9 .1 8

9 .32

9 .3 2 -

9 .3 6

-

5

-

-

29

41

2 .6 5 3

9 .1 8

9 .3 2

9 .3 2 -

9 .3 6

-

-

-

-

29

41

M A I N T E NA NC E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

644

9 .1 4

9 .3 2

9 .3 2 -

9 .3 2

-

-

-

6

-

629

9 .1 7

9 .3 2

9 .3 2 -

9 .32

*

-

-

-

-

MI L L W R I G H T S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

4 t 6 03

9 .2 0

9 .3 2

9 .2 2 -

9 .3 6

-

-

-

-

4

9 .5 5 0

9 .2 0

9 .3 2

9 .2 2 -

9 .3 6

-

-

-

4

MA CH I N E - T O O L O P E R A T O R S (T OO L R O O M ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

2 .1 2 9

9 .3 6

9 .4 0

9 .9 0 -

9 .9 2

_

-

-

-

2 t 129

9 .3 6

9 .4 0

9 .4 0 -

9 .4 2

5 .8 6 5

9 .5 0

9 .59

9 .5 3 -

9 .5 9

-

-

-

-

5 .8 6 5

9 .5 0

9 .5 9

9 .5 3 -

9 .5 9

-

-

-

-

TOOL AND DIE MA K E R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------S T A T IO NA RY E N G I N E E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

9 .3 6

22

-

21

-

569

9 .3 7

9 .5 0

9 .2 8 -

9 .5 8

7

12

6

4

-

999

9 .5 2

9 .5 0

9 .3 2 -

9 .5 8

-

8

4

2

-

8 .2 9

8 .9 9

8 .0 0 -

8 .9 9

7

4

2

2

70 ;

_
See fo o tn o te s

9 .0 6 -

1

J

at end o f t a b l e s .




'

'

MA I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C S
(MOTOR VE HI CL ES ) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U RL IC U T I L I T I E S ----------------

”

28

101

10

4

58

1

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

12

“
~

-

Table A-12. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments
in Detroit, Mich., March 1978
Num ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e hou rly earnings o f—

Hourly earnings 4

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

60
Mean 2

Median 2 | Middle range 2

S
3. 60

s
3.60

3.00

3.60

3.80 4.00 4 .20

s
6. 60

s
S
6. 80 5 .00

s
s
$
s
5
7.60 7.80 8.20 8.60 9.00

*
5.80 6. 20

$
6.60

%

5.80 6.2 0 6. 60

7.00

7 .60 7.80

%

%

5.40

7.00

nd
der
80

all

s
S
$
s
3.80 4 .00 4. 20 4.40

s
s
S
2.83 3.00 3.20

3.20 3. 60

4.40

6.60 4 .80 5. 00

5 .40

8.20 8.6 0 9.00

ove r

273 1 226 1068
187 1050
21
86
176 1067
83
12
386
-

-

workers
$

T R U C K D R I V E R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------R E T A I L TRA D E -------------F I N A N C E -------------------T R U C K O R I V E R S . L I G H T TRU C K M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------F I N A N C E -------------------T R U C K D R I V E R S . H E A V Y TRU C K
(TR AI L ER * -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------R E T A I L TRA D E --------------

$

$

$

3 .5 5 5

8 .11

8 .5 9

7 .6 5 -

8 .6 0

2*040

8 .0 0

8 .5 7

7 .6 0 -

8 .5 9

1 .51 5

8 .2 7

8 .6 0

8 .2 6 -

8 .6 8

521

8 .4 7

8 .7 5

8 .6 3 -

8 .7 5

62

5 .3 3

5 .56

6 .7 5 -

6 .1 1

-

165

5 .8 9

6 . 11

5 .3 6 -

6 .8 3

70

6 .3 2

6 .8 3

5 .3 6 -

7 .H i

75

5 .6 8

5 .6 3

6 .7 5 -

6 .2 3

62

5 .3 3

5 .56

6 .7 5 -

2 t 087

8 .3 6

8 .59

8 .2 6 -

8 .3 0

8 .59

8 .3 1 -

8 .5 9

715

8 .4 8

8 .6 8

8 .2 6 -

7 .8 3

7 .82

7 .7 4 -

7 .8 6

7 .7 6

7 .7 6 -

14

26
20
4
4

14
16
14

_
-

_
-

6
4
2
2

i

3

10

-

3

2

1

3

1

3

10

9
6
3

2

1

1

3

-

2

3

_

-

3

2

1

3

-

3

3

-

”

3
2

2
1

1
1

3
3

“

3
2

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

7 .8 2

277

4

2
2
2

2

3

3

7 .8 2

3 .8 0 -

7 .7 4

-

12

46
16
32
18
13

97
73
26
2
-

344
311
33
4
-

398
345
53
16
-

16
4
12
12

16
2
14
13

19
17
2
”

28
21
7
“

2
2
“

_
-

_

_

-

-

30
12
18

41
36
5

61
37
4

1 86
1 64
22

16
16
16

55
55
55

32
32
32

4
4
4

10
10
10

16
16
16

6 .0 3

6 .6 3

4 .6 0

4 .1 3

3 .0 0 -

6 .2 3

3 .9 0

3 .3 0

2 .8 5 -

5 .04

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

440

7 .5 6

7 .7 6

7 .6 5 -

7 .5 0

7 .69

7 .6 5 -

UA R E H OU SE M E N -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

1 .0 2 6

7 .2 9

7 .5 8

7 .2 9 -

7 .66

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

553

7 .0 9

7 .5 8

7 .2 1 -

7 .58

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

O R DE R F I L L E R S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------R E T A I L TRA D E --------------

1 .9 9 5

7 .4 8

7 .5 8

7 .6 8 -

7 .7 6

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

275

7 .0 2

7 .57
7 .74

-

-

-

-

-

-

7 .5 5

7 .4 8 7 .4 9 -

-

1 . 7 20

7 .6 8
7 .6 6

251

6 .9 5

6 .31

6 .3 1 -

781

7 .1 9

7 .5 2

6 .7 5 -

7 .1 0

7 .57

6 .7 2 -

67 1 226
67 1050
176

490
490

22
22

2
2
2

-

5
5

2
“

8
4

25
25

12
12

1 35
1 35

126
31

9
8

36
33

4
4
4

6
6
6

18
16
16

40
38
38

23
13
13

23
19
19

55
51
-

17
1
1

362
61
-

21

_

-

-

-

14
8

20
19

26
4

27
22

1 82
1 52

171
19

30
30

49
46

35
26

11
-

157
138

697
292

18
-

6
6
“

32
32
32

1 19

6
6
-

1 1516
219
1 1297
7
-

1 84

1 19
1 19

7 .6 0

20
20

_

_

_

_

8

-

-

-

-

-

26
26

20
20

-

1

4

2

-

-

-

-

1
i

4
4

2
2

-

-

35
35

318

7 .3 3

7 .5 2

7 .6 6 -

6 .3 9 8

7 .2 0

7 .6 8

7 .4 4 -

7 .65

3 ,68 7

7 .3 6

7 .66

7 .6 6 -

-

-

711

6 .4 9

7 .6 8

5 .0 9 -

7 .58

-

306

5 .1 3

6 .82

3 .8 0 -

6 .2 6

-

10
10

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------R E T A I L TRAD E --------------

9 .00 5

21
16
5

-

20

52
23
29
20

7 .52

MATERIAL HA NDLING L A BO RE RS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------R E T A I L TRA D E --------------

_

10

17
-

17
17

19

12

-

-

-

19
19

12
12

16
16

42
28
14
14

16

31
20
11
ii

7 .5 3

7 .6 5

7 .5 8 -

-

-

-

-

-

-

8 ,2 0 8

7 .5 3

7 .6 5

7 .5 8 -

7 .6 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

797

7 .5 6

7 .6 5

7 .5d-

7 .71

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

177

7 .0 2

7 .2 4

6 .3 6 -

44
32
12
12

872

7 .6 3

7 .6 0

7 .6 0 -

7 .77

-

-

-

4 .0 7 1

6 .3 6

7 .7 6

3 .5 8 -

7 .9 7

4

-

_

2 .4 1 6

7 .7 5

7 .97

7 .8 3 -

7 .5 3

7 .51

7 .0 9 -

5 .1 6

5 .0 0

6 .6 6 -

5 .8 7

23
-

-

23
23

20
20

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

96
96

1
1

3

-

-

-

-

”

3

-

-

56
16
40

90
90
-

27
6
21
13

120
84
36
36

44
61
3

265
216
29
29

113
91

241
217
24
26

22
22

-

-

62
62
-

-

-

12

-

3

4

16

5

-

4

3

29

4

16

5

-

28
5

-

-

-

-

-

31

16

-

72

16

53

65
14

46

99

22

76

108
78

129
113
16

23

5

44

16

47

19

26

26

13

-

627 7368
566 6808
63
560
59
5

49
5

537
264
2 73

335 34 06
335 30 61
365

17

-

1 1 1208

7 .5 1

262

84
52
32
32

_

8 .0 5

69

16
4
10
10

-

7 .2 6

_

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




~

-

7 .6 0

463

1ft
18
18

8 .3 9

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

G U A R O S AND W A T C H M E N -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------nonmanufacturing:
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------F I N A N C E ---------------------

”

~

-

7 .76

7 .7 1

-

-

-

7 .8 2 i

226

11
11
11

562

_

-

~

-

184
6

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

80
80
80

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

61
1
40

41

-

81
81
“

238
206
36
36

-

179

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

61
41

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

_

-

15
1

-

14

299 1933
276 1823

-

-

22

-

-

-

-

72
72
72

805
333

7 .65

“

2
2

425

P O W E R - T R U C K O P E R A T O R S (OT HE R
THAN F O R K L I F T ) -----------------

21
9
12

8 .7 5

380

2

3

1

8 .5 9

1 ,3 7 2

16
14

3
3

2

6 .11

26
20
4

9
4
5

3

_

Table A-12. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments
in Detroit, Mich., March 1978— Continued
N u m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e ho u rly earning s

Hourly earnings 4

s

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

Me di an2

Middle range 2

S

$

t

*

2 .6 0
Mean 2

S
2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .60

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

of—

s

S

$

*

$

$

*

$

$

s

%

*

%

*

$

S

3 . SO

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5.00

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7. 00

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 3

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

ove r

9

9

29

76

99

~

1

1

and
under
2 .8 0

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
GU AR DS

AND W A T C H M E N — C O N T I N U E D

:
MANUFACTURING

----------------------

watchmen:
manufacturing

----------------------

J A N I TO RS . P O R T E R S . AN D C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------R E TA IL TRAD E --------------------FI NA N C E ---------------------------

4 .68 1

guards

$
7 .8 2

$
7 .97

106

6 .3 3

7 .59 7

6 .2 0

2 .91 6

7 .1 5
a .6 8

291

$
7 .8 3 -

$
8 .0 5

6 .5 4

6 .0 6 -

6 .8 1

7 .3 1

4 .2 3 -

7 .3 4

7 .31

7 .3 1 -

7 .3 4

4 .2 3

4 .2 3 -

4 .8 2

6 .1 4

6 .2 0

6 .7 0

580

4 .2 9

322

4 .2 9

3 .80
4 .2 5

5 .4 53 .1 4 -

2 .3 1 0

3 .8 8 -

5 .3 6
4 .5 5

1823

“

5
71

1577

55

62

-

42
-

16

4

4

10

43
-

42

55

46

66

90

61

1577
1

88

41

36

40

32

38

45

31

2

6

15

12

28

45

30

5

*

5

5

13

45

2

14

12

-

-

-

-

94

24

40

128

216

112

287

581

2985

9 36

53

35

4

-

26

38

216

910

14

83

74

71

475
106

2849

24

128

133

9 4

136

3

6

77

38

63

1

35
-

-

-

21

3

36

8

2

1

-

52

-

-

-

67

2

7
4

55

94

53
-

-

22

26
-

4

6

“

88
-

-

70

94

43
-

88

-

2

See footnotes at end o f tables.




264

30

22
44

67

-

-

Table A-13. Average hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material m ovement
and custodial workers, by sex—large establishments in D etroit, M ich ., M arch 1978
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry d ivision

Sex, 3 occupation, and indu stry d ivis ion
earnings'

M A I N T E N A N C E ! TO OL RO OM . AND
P O W E R P L A N T O C C U P A T I O N S - HEN
M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------nonmanufacturing:
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------nonmanufacturing:
p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ----------------

Number
of
workers

A v era ge
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AND C U S T O O I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - ME N
656

$
8 .9 0

594

9 .0 2

34

9 .4 2

3 .88 5

9 .4 3

25

7 .6 3

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

634

8 .9 8

604

9 .0 0

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------nonmanufacturing:
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

844

9 .1 5

758

9 .3 0

86

7 .84

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C S (M AC H I N E R Y > M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

4 .13 2

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( M OT OR V E H I C L E S ) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------- m e t a l w o r k e r s --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

maintenance

sheet

M I L L W R I G H T S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

movement

and

Number
of
workers

Av era ge
( mea n2 )
hourly
earnings4

3 .5 5 9

6 .5 0

2 .2 6 7

7 .7 6

63

7 .5 7

2 .1 6 6

7 .8 2

custodial

O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN— C O N T I N U E D
$

T R U C K D R I V E R S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

3*416

8

13

2*021

8

00

1 .3 9 5

8

31

T R U C K D R I V E R S . L I G H T TR UC K ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

128

42

62

5

56

$

00

66

6
6

9 .3 2

4 .07 8

occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

material

7 .0 5

3 .96 0

Sex,

T R U C K D R I V E R S . H E A V Y TR UC K
(T RA IL ER ) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

8
8
8

36

713

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

338

7

82

246

7

83

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

591

6

223

5

51

317

7

63

54

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

170

7

9 .0 8

W A R E H O U S E M E N -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

:

manufacturing

:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

watchmen

58

1*664

guards

84

9 .3 3
8 .4 1

G U A R D S AND W A T C H M E N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----nonmanufacturing:
PUBLIC UTILITIES

1*301

9 .1 8

2 .6 5 2

9 .1 8

901

7

31

496

7

644

1 .56 2

7
7

05

1 .3 6 9

7

63

160

7

9 . 17

4 .6 0 0

9 .2 0

M A C H I N E - T O O L O P E R A T O R S (T OO LR OO M) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

2 .1 2 9

9 .3 6

2 .1 2 9

9 .3 6

T O OL AN D DIE M A K E R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

5 .86 1

9 .5 0

5 .86 1

9 .5 0

7 .1 7

1 .347

4 .9 0

424

4 .3 4

123
56

7 .4 0
7 .2 5

125

7 .1 6

OR DE R F I L L E R S ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

433

7 .1 9

351

7 .2 5

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

304

7 .1 0

96

6 .2 8

413

7 .0 0

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOM E N
S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

26

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

472

7

27

367

7

32

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RE T A I L TR AD E --------------------

3 .9 5 5

7

24

3 .39 7

7

33

5 58

6
5

69

202

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------R E TA IL TR AD E --------------------

8 .9 1 5

7

53

8 .13 1
784

7

53

7

54

176

7

,02

9 .2 0

4 .54 7

6 .5 8

3 .7 7 8

56

193

6 .4 1

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AN D C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------R E T A I L TRA D E ---------------------

13

9 .14

624

O R DE R F I L L E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RE T A I L TR AD E --------------------

101

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS

30
49

5 .1 2 5

W A R E H O U S E M E N --------------------

1 .3 6 1

9 .1 8

2 .6 8 2

2 .0 7 4

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

90

7 .3 8

77

7 .3 4

127

7 .7 6

25

and wa tc h m e n :
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

guards

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

548

9 .4 0

499

P O W E R - T R U C K O P E R A T O R S (O THER
TH AN F O R K L I F T ) --------------See footn otes at end o f tables.




:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

guards

122

7 .8 8

2 .2 4 5

5 .4 5

903

7 .0 7

9 .5 2

31

859

7

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S --*3
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

Footnotes

3 E a r n in g s data r e l a te only to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x i d e n t i f i c a t i o n was
p r o v i d e d by the e s ta b lis h m en t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and late shifts.
E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e l a t e to m e n on ly f o r
s k i l l e d m ainte n ance and un skil led plant w o r k e r s . A l l o t h e r e s t i m a t e s r e l a t e
to m en and w om en.
6 Data do not m e e t publi cation c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a i l a b l e .

1 Stand ard ho ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
th eir regu la r stra igh t-tim e sa la ries
( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u l a r an d/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to th es e
w e e k l y h o urs.
2 T h e m e a n is c om p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a l l
w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e sig n a te s
p o s itio n — h a l f o f the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s a m e o r m o r e and h a l f r e c e i v e
the s a m e o r l e s s than the rate shown. T h e m i d d l e ran g e is d e fin e d by tw o
ra te s o f pay: a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the s a m e o r l e s s than the l o w e r
o f th es e r a te s and a fo u r th e a r n the s a m e o r m o r e than the h i g h e r rate .




32

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In each o f th e 75 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , the B u re a u obtains
w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s data f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s with in
s i x b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s :
M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
and o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s t ru c tio n
and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s a r e exclud ed .
E s ta b lis h m en ts ha vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e als o e xclu d ed b e ca u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s studied.
A p p e n d ix ta ble 1 shows the nu m b er
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s e s ti m a te d to be within the sc op e o f this
s u r v e y , as w e l l as the n u m b e r ac tu a lly studied.

O ccup ation s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p atio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and no nm anu fa ctu rin g in d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the fo l l o w i n g ty p e s :
(1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ; (3) m ain te n an c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c usto d ial.
Occupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b as e d on a u n i f o r m set o f job d e s c r i p t i o n s d e sig n e d to take
account o f in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties w ith in the s am e job.
O ccup ation s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in app endix B.
U n le s s o t h e r w i s e i n d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g the job
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the
occup ations l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s within the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s beca u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n is too s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data
to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f individual
e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
S e p a r a te m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n in g s data a r e not
p r e s e n t e d when the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not id e n ti f i e d by s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n i d e n tif ie d in an oc c u p atio n.
E a r n in g s data
not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r in d u s try d i v i s i o n s a r e included in data f o r a l l
i n d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d . ’ L i k e w i s e , f o r o ccup atio ns w ith m o r e than one l e v e l ,
data a r e inclu ded in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a ti o n is
not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .

B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s obtain data by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at
3 -y ea r in tervals.
In each o f th e tw o in t e r v e n in g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on
e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s only is c o l l e c t e d by a c o m b in a tio n o f
p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and te le p h on e i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts p a r t i c i p a t i n g in th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
A s a m p l e o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n ts in the scop e o f the s u r v e y is
s e l e c t e d f o r study p r i o r to eac h p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
This sam ple, less
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h go out o f b u s in e s s o r a r e no lo n g e r w it h in th e i n d u s tr ia l
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , is r e t a i n e d f o r the f o l l o w i n g two annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b l i s h m e n t s n e w to the a r e a a r e not c o n s i d e r e d in the scop e
o f th e s u r v e y un til th e s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p le f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p l i n g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e ta ile d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in dividual a r e a s u r v e y by ind ustry
and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p le
is s e l e c t e d , w it h each e s ta b l i s h m e n t having a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f
selection.
T o ob ta in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o ­
p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e l e c t e d .
W hen data a r e
c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f
s e l e c t i o n s o that u n b ia se d e s t i m a t e s a r e g en e ra ted .
F o r e x a m p l e , i f one
out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g iv e n a weig ht o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a l t e r n a t e o f the s am e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is
cho se n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n if data a r e not a v a i l a b l e
f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If no suitable substitute is a v a i l a b l e ,
a d d itio n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the
m i s s i n g unit. *

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule.
E a r n in g s
data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c tio n bonuses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t iv e bon us es a r e included.
W e e k l y hours f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o ccup atio ns r e f e r to the standa rd
w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s f o r th es e occupations a r e
rounded to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
V e r t i c a l l in e s with in the d is trib u tio n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s in d ic a te a chan ge in the s i z e o f the c la s s i n t e r v a l s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f ind iv id u al o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e ch an ge s . T h e a v e r a g e s for in dividual job s
a r e a f f e c t e d by c han ges in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change, o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad v an c e to b e t t e r job s and be r e p l a c e d by ne w
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p atio n al a v e r a g e e v en though m o s t e s ta b l i s h m e n ts in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s

* Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Birm ingham , A la .; N o rfo lk —V irg in ia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport New s—Ham pton, V a . —N .C . ;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—N ew burgh,

N . Y . ; and U tica— Rom e, N . Y .

In addition,

the Bureau conducts more

lim ited area studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Adm inistration of
the U. S. Departm ent of Labor.




33

during th e y e a r .
C h an ge s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , shown in ta b l e
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than a r e e a r n i n g s chan ge s f o r
in d iv id u al jo b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s tr ie s
and e s ta b l i s h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s t a f f i n g , and thus c on trib u te
d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g jo b s in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d oc c u p atio n s
should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s within
ind iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n trib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s
include p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s ( o n l y th e r a t e s paid
incum bents a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties w ith in the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y job d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e used in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in
s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
li s h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f th e study and not th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f
oc c u p atio n al e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu died
s e r v e on ly to i n d ic a te th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y
o f the e a r n in g s data.

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g

S k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e

C om p u te r s y s te m s
a n a ly s ts , c l a s s e s
A , B, and C
C om p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C

Carpenters
E le ctric ia n s
P ain ters
M achin ists
M ech an ics (m ach in ery)
M ech an ics (m o to r veh icle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

I n d u s tr ia l nu rses

U n s k i l l e d plant

R e g i s t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
cle a n e rs
M a t e r i a l handling l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t changes f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m
as f o l l o w s :

a r e c om p u te d

1.

A v e r a g e e arn in g s a r e c o m p u te d f o r each o c c u p a tio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b eing c o m p a r e d .
The avera ge s a re d erived
f r o m e arn in g s in th o s e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p l o y m e n t
r e m a i n s unchanged.

2.

E ach occup ation is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a ti o n a l g r o u p in the
b as e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e used to c o m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
Each o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s (c o m p u t e d in step 1)
i^ m u l t i p l i e d b y its w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c ts a r e t o t a l e d to
obtain a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

The r a tio o f group a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
com puted by d iv id in g the a v e r a g e for the c u r r e n t y e a r by
the a v e r a g e for th e e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u l t — e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t change.

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n a l g ro u p s
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d on chan ges
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g the
tr e n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e adjuste d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y ­
m ent shifts am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s inclu ded
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an oc c u p a tio n when w o r k e r s a r e p aid under
plans p r o v i d i n g a rang e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s .
In p e r i o d s o f
i n c r e a s e d h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n te r at the b o tt o m o f
the r a n g e , d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e with out a chan ge in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e p e r c e n t c han ges r e l a t e to w a g e changes b e t w e e n th e in d ic ate d
date s.
When the t i m e span b e t w e e n s u r v e y s is ot h e r than 12 m on th s , annual
r a te s a r e shown.
(It is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a con stant r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . )

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d used to c o m p u te th e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th l y L a b o r
R e v i e w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.

O c c up atio n s used to c o m p u te w a g e t r e n d s a r e :
O ffic e c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — C ontinued

S ecretaries
Sten ograph ers, g en eral
S ten ograph ers, senior
T yp ists, classes A
and B
F ile clerk s, classes A ,
B, and C
M essengers
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

O rd e r clerk s,
c l a s s e s A and B
A c c o u n ti n g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
Bookkeeping -m achine
o p e r a to r s , class B
P a y r o ll clerk s
K e y entry o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B




E s ta b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T ab ulations on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th is b ulletin.
In fo r­
m a t i o n f o r th es e tabulation s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
T h e s e tabu­
l a ti o n s on m i n i m u m e n tr a n ce s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; shift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; sc h e d u le d w e e k l y hours and d a y s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ;
and health, in s u ran ce , and p e n s ion p lans a r e p r e s e n t e d ( in the B - s e r i e s
t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b ulletins f o r th is a r e a .

34

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers w ithin scope of survey and number studied
in D etroit, M ic h .,1 March 1978
Industry division 2
3

Minim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f study

N u m b er of establishm ents

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f study 4

W it h in s c o p e
o f study

Studied

s

Studie d
Number

Percent

ALL E S T A B L I S H M E N T S
ALL D I V I S I O N S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------TRANSPORTATION* COMMUNICATION* a n d
O T HE R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------WHOLESALE TRADE
-----------------------R E T A I L TRA D E
---------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E . AND REAL E S T A T E 6
S E R V I C E S 7 ---------------------------------

1 .5 7 6

306

8 0 8 .7 2 7

100

5 5 6 .5 9 5

100

470

84

4 7 2 .3 3 4

58

3 6 7 .9 9 3

-

1 .1 0 6

222

3 3 6 .3 9 3

42

1 8 8 .6 0 2

100

100

31

6 3 .8 8 9

8

4 8 .1 5 7

50

250

4 1

4 4 .1 4 1

5

2 4 .4 1 5

100

222

36

1 1 4 .8 8 3

14

6 6*395

50

174

42

5 7 .0 0 9

7

3 1 .3 0 9

50

360

72

5 6 .4 7 1

7

1 8 .3 2 6

176

99

5 8 7 .4 7 2

100

82

39

3 9 3 .4 1 6

67

3 5 5 .9 2 4

94

60

1 9 4 .0 5 6

33

160*917

16
6

13

4 6 .5 0 0

8

44*288

500

6

1 9 .8 0 1

3

1 9 .8 0 1

500

31

17

7 9 .2 9 4

20

13

3 3 .6 8 5

13
6

61*812

500
500

21

11

1 4 .7 7 6

3

9 .2 6 3

LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL D I V I S I O N S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T I O N . AND
O T H E R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------WHOLESALE TRADE
-----------------------R E T A I L TRA D E
---------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E . AND RE A L E S T A T E 6
S E R V I C E S 7 ---------------------------------

500

500

1 T h e D e t r o i t Stan da rd M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t is t i c a l A r e a , as d e f in e d by the O f f i c e
o f M a n a g e m e n t and Bu dg et th rou gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s i s t s o f L a p e e r , L i v i n g s t o n ,
M a c o m b , O a k la n d , St. C l a i r , and W a y n e C ou nt ies .
The " w o r k e r s within scope of
s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh ow n in this t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f
th e s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f the l a b o r f o r c e inclu ded in the s u r v e y .
E stim ates are
not in te nd e d, h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r i s o n wi th o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s to m e a s u r e
e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) pla nning o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t dat a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a dv a n c e of the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s tu di ed , and (2)
s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e ex cl u de d f r o m the sc o pe o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d it i o n o f the Stan da rd In d u st r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s us e d
in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s by in du st r y d i v i s i o n .
H ow ever, all governm ent o p e r a ­
ti o n s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
3 In c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h to t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m
lim itation .
A l l ou t l e t s (w i t h i n the a r e a ) o f co m p a n ie s in i n d u s t r i e s such as t r a d e ,




516*84 1

2 5 .7 5 3

f in a n c e , auto r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as 1
establishm ent.
4 In c lu d es a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w it hi n
the a r e a ) at o r a b o ve the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d to " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
Taxicabs
and
s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e e x c lu d e d .
D e tro it's transit system
is m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d and is e x c lu d e d by d e f in i ti o n f r o m th e s c o p e o f the study.
6 A b b r e v i a t e d to " f i n a n c e ” in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
7 H o t e l s and m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ;
autom obile
repair,
r e n t a l , and p a r k i n g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p
o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g i n e e r i n g
and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

35




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the
B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f i e l d s ta ff in c l a s s i f y i n g into
a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo ye d under a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s ta b l i s h m e n t to
e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g ro u p in g o f
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e job content.
Because
o f th is e m p h a s i s on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f
o c c u p a ti o n a l con te nt, th e B ure au 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y
f r o m t h o s e in use in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts or th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r
other purposes.
In ap p ly in g t h e s e job d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's f i e l d
e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d to exclude w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ;
and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y ,
a n d p robation ary w o r k e r s .
Handic apped
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n i n g s a r e re d u c e d b e ca use o f t h e i r ha ndicap a r e also
e x c lu d e d .
L e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , unless s p e c i f i c a l l y included
in the jo b d e s c r i p t i o n , a r e e x clu d ed .

Office
SECRETARY

SE C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in d iv id u a l. M a i n ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a ti o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
su p e rv is or.
W o r k s f a i r l y i n d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l duties,
u s u a l l y i n c lu d in g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l tasks o f c o m p a r a b l e
n a tu r e and d i f f i c u l t y . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e of o f f i c e routine
and u n d e r s ta n d in g o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

E xclu sion s
a. R e c e i v e s te l e p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
a n s w e r s ro u tin e i n q u i r i e s , and r ou te s te c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s to the p r o p e r
persons;
b.
c.
instru cted ;

E stab lish es,
M a i n t a i n s the

m aintains,

and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s

s u p e rv is o r's

files;

c a le n d a r and m a k e s ap p oin tm e n ts as

N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e ti tl e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the ab ov e c h a r ­
a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n a r e
as f o l l o w s :
a. P o s i t i o n s w h ic h
d e s c rib e d above;
b.

d.

R e la ys m e s s a g e s

from

s u p e r v i s o r to s u b ord inates;

e . R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;
f.

P erfo rm s




s t e n o g r a p h i c and typing w o r k .

s io n al,

do no t

m eet

the " p e r s o n a l "

secretary

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not f u l l y t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e

con cep t

duties;

c. S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s to a gro up o f p r o f e s ­
te c h n i c a l , o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ;

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the duties a r e e i t h e r sub stantially
m o r e r ou tin e o r s u b s ta n t ia lly m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than th ose c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in the d e fin itio n ;

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRETARY— Continued

E x c l u s i o n s — Continued

C lass C

e.
A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
resp on sible tech n ica l, a d m in istra tive, s u p e rv is o r y , o r s p ec ia liz ed c l e r i c a l
s i b i l i t y is not e quivale nt to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situations in the d e fin itio n
d uties w h ich a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
f o r c l a s s B, but wh os e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u suall y d i v i d e d into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts wh ich a r e
ofte n , in turn, fu r th e r subdivided.
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " used in the l e v e l d e fi n i ti o n s
w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r two; jO£
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to th o s e o f f i c i a l s who ha ve a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e with r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The title "v ic e
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an i n d i v i d u a l plant, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f this r o l e , d o e s not in a l l c a s e s
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 5 ,000
i d e n t i f y such p o s i t i o n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
persons.
act p e r s o n a l l y on i n d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny
i n d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a ccoun ts; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s taff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p lyin g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d te c h n icia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d ab ov e , to this l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C lass B

P r i m a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n u sing shorthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ic ta tio n .
M ay also type f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s te n o ­
g r a p h i c p oo l.
M ay occasion ally tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e re c o rd in g s (if p r im a r y
duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s ,
see T ra n s c rib in g -M a c h in e T yp is t).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fi d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y tas k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t i o n w i d e fu n c tio n al a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h ,
operation s, ind u strial rela tio n s, etc.) or a m a jo r g eo graph ic o r o r g a n iza tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r
ot h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,000 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
ofte n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S ten og ra p h e r, G e n e r a l

k e ep

D ic tatio n in v o l v e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u l a r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y routin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
S ten og ra p h e r, Se n ior

D ic tatio n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l dr s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such
as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o set up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s ste n o grap h ic duties r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e ­
pendence and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d by the
follow in g:
W o rk r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p ee d and a c c u r a c y ;
a thorough w o rk in g k no w le dge o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c business o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , etc .
Uses this k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s te n o g r a p h ic du tie s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l tasks such as m a i n ta i n i n g fo l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and r o u tin g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
routin e qu e s tio n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

MESSENGER

P r i m a r y duty is to t y p e cop y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d dictatio n w h ich does
not in v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y such as that used in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r i t t e n
cop y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m ot h e r r e l a t i v e l y
rou tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
(S e e S ten o g ra p h e r definitio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith shorthand d ic ta tio n .)

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s routin e duties such as running e r r a n d s , op e ratin g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , openin g and d istrib uting
m a i l , and ot h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a ­
tion o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h a v e been m ad e b y another p e r s o n . M a y include
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in d up licating p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l tr a i n i n g , such as
k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d is trib u t in g
in co m in g m ail.
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l
in f i n a l f o r m when i t i n v o l v e s c om b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y lla b ic a t io n , punctuation, e tc ., o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la ngu age m a t e r i a l ; o r planning la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l ta b le s to m ain ta in u n i f o r m i t y and b a la n ce in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e routin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g de tails to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C lass B .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i ng ; C o p y ty p ing f r o m
roug h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r routin e ty ping o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n ce p o l i c i e s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s i m p l e s tan da rd tab ulation s; o r cop yin g m o r e c o m p l e x ta b le s
a l r e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

F IL E CLER K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m anual ta sks r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g d e fin itio n s .
C lass A .
C l a s s i f i e s and in d e xe s f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n ts , e tc ., in an e s ta b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
c on ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s ub je ct m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a l s o f i l e this
m a teria l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty p es in con junction w ith the f i l e s .
M a y lead a sm a ll group o f lo w e r le v e l file clerk s.
C l a s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s im p l e
( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r sub head ings.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
p erform
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u i r e d to m ain ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C lass C .
P e r f o r m s routine f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s te m (e.g ., alphabetical, chron olog ical, o r n u m erica l).
As
re q u e s t e d ,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l s ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m anua l tasks
r e q u i r e d to m a i n ta i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .




SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le used with a p r i v a t e
b ra n c h e xcha ng e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y in c o m i n g , ou tg oing, and in t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e ep r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s i d e s o p e r a tin g a te lephone
s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r routin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y oc c up y the m a j o r p o r ti o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ).
Chief
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
exclu d ed .
F o r an o p e r a t o r who als o ac ts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , se e Sw itc hboard
O p era to r -R eceptio n ist.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w o rk involves
b u s in ess and
priate person
a r r a n g i n g an

s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as
s ee Sw it c h b oard O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p tio n is t's
such duties as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g nature o f v i s i t o r 's
p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n fo rm a tio n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c on ta cting that p e r s o n by te le p h on e and
appointm ent; k e ep in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

ORDER C LE R K
R e c e iv e s w ritten or v e rb a l c u s to m e rs ' purchase o rd ers fo r m a te ria l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a l e s p e o p le .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o lve s
s o m e c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g duties:
Quoting p r i c e s ; d e te r m i n i n g a v a i l ­
a b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i te m s and s u g g e s tin g substitutes wh en n e c e s s a r y ; ad vising
e x p e c te d d e l i v e r y date and m ethod o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s to m e r
in f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r
she e ts ; ch e c k in g o r d e r sheets f o r a c c u r a c y and
ad e qu ac y o f i n f o r m a t i o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t rating o f c u s to m e r;
f u r n is h in g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d b y the s p e c i f i e d date o r to le t c u s to m e r know
o f a d e l a y in d e l i v e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; check ing shipping in v o ic e
ag ain s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is o r wh os e duties
include any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a th e r than f o r
m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith con su ltativ e a d v ic e
using k n o w le d g e g ained f r o m e n g i n e e r i n g o r e x t e n s i v e t e c h n ic a l tr a in in g ;
e m p h a s i z i n g s e l l i n g s k i l l s ; handling m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l
p a r t o f the job.
P o sitio n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

cla s s ifie d

into

levels

according

to

the

fo l l o w i n g

C la s s A .
H an dle s o r d e r s that in v o l v e m ak ing judgm ents such as
c h o os in g w h ic h s p e c i f i c p ro d u c t o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s ta b l i s h m e n t's pro duct
l i n e s w i l l s a t i s f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to be
quoted when p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l is t o r
m a k in g s o m e s i m p l e m a t h e m a t i c a l c a lc u la tio n s .

O R D E R C L E R K — Continued

B O O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — Continued

C l a s s B.
H a n d le s o r d e r s i n v o l v i n g i t e m s w h ic h h a ve r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s and a p p lic a tio n s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a t a l o g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m anual,
o r s i m i l a r docum ent to i n s h re that p r o p e r i t e m is sup p li ed o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d ite m .

cos t d is trib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u t io n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e tc .
o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l
the ac counting d e p a rtm e n t.
M A C H IN E B IL L E R

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as p o s tin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank accoun ts; v e r i f y i n g th e i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f accounting d oc u m e n ts ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d ac coun ting d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a t i o n s , p o s tin g ,
e tc .; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u rn a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m anual o r a u tom ate d a ccoun ting s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m et h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e l a t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a ccoun ting i n f o r m a t i o n .
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and ac c ou n ting t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s used in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to h a ve a k n o w le d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and ac coun ting.
Positions are
d e fin itio n s :

cla s s ifie d

into

le v els

on th e b a s is o f

the

follo w in g

C lass A.
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s accounting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h ich r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d or n o n r e p e t i t i v e ac c ou n ting t r a n s ­
ac tio n s , s e l e c t i n g am on g a substa ntia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a ccoun ting cod e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th ro u gh p r e v i o u s accou nting
ac tions to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d by one or
m o r e c l a s s B ac c ou n tin g c l e r k s .
C l a s s B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d in s tr u c tio n s
and s ta n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routin e ac c ou n ting c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p os tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s ti n g s a r e c l e a r l y indicated;
ch e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r a ccoun ting d oc u m e n ts ; and c od in g d oc u m e n ts usin g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
ac counting c od e s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b oo k k e e p in g m a c h i n e (w ith o r withou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b oard ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s t r u c tu r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r ac coun ting s y s t e m us e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u t io n o f debit and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in e a c h p hase o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e ts , and o t h e r r e c o r d s by hand.
C l a s s B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p hases o r s e c t io n s o f a
set of r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b oo kk e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in clu d e accoun ts p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' accounts
(not In cluding a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d un der m a c h in e b i l l e r ) ,




M a y check
s h e e ts f o r

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r than
an o r d i n a r y or e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c id e n ta l to b i l l i n g
operation s.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by t y p e
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :
B illin g-m a ch in e b ille r .
U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e ( c o m b i n a t i o n
ty p in g and adding m achine) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s ,
shipping m e m o r a n d a , etc.
U s u a lly i n v o l v e s ap p lic a tion o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e xte n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not be c o m p u te d on
the b i l l i n g m ac h in e , and to ta ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la te d by
m ac h in e .
The o p e r a ti o n u sually i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l being p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n f o ld m a c h in e .
B ookkeeping-m achine b ille r .
U s e s a b oo k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( w ith o r
without a t y p e w r i t e r k e yb oa rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
ac cou nts r e c e i v a b l e op eratio n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s on a nu m b er o f v e r t i c a l c olu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a l l y p rin ts
a u t o m a t i c a l l y the debit o r c r e d it b a l a n c e s .
D oe s not i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e
o f b ookk eep in g.
W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m and s ta n dard t y p e s o f s a l e s and
c r e d i t s li p s .
P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m ain ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P ro c es s in g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p ro d u c tion r e c o r d s ; ad ju s tin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p lem e n ta ry b e n e f i t s , o r t a x d e d u ction s ; ed itin g p a y r o l l
l i s t i n g s again st s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s .
In a nonau tom ated p a y r o l l s y s t e m , com pute s w a g e s .
W o rk m ay req u ire a p ra ctica l
k n o w le d g e of g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s te m f o r p r o c e s s i n g p a y r o l l s .
KEY E NTRY OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s a keypunch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e tic and/or
n u m e r i c data on tabulating c a r d s o r on tap e .
Positions
d efin itio n s.

a re cla ssified

into

le v els

on th e b a s is o f

the

follow in g

C las s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l i c a ti o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and jud gm ent
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r coding i te m s to be keypunched f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y also p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e keypun ch w o r k .
May
t r a i n in e x p e r i e n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R — Continued

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

C la s s B . W o r k is routin e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Un der c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n ­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts w h ic h have been coded, and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h ha ve b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e ta il and r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be r e c o r d e d .
R e f e r s to s u p e r ­
v is o r prob lem s a risin g f r o m
e r r o n e o u s i te m s or c o d e s o r m i s s i n g
in form ation .

ty pes of r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and docum ents to be us ed; ou tlines actio ns to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u ffic ie n t d e ta i l f o r p re s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y this i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a ti o n of
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f te st p r o b l e m s
and p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
equ ipm en t changes to obtain m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a tio n s .
(N O TE :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be
c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a lys ts i f this is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e
t h e i r pay.)

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A TO R
O p e r a t e s one o r a v a r i e t y o f m ac h in e s such as the ta b u l a t o r , c a l c u ­
l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, e tc .
E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is d e fi n i ti o n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o exc luded a r e o p e r a t o r s o f
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e ven though th ey m a y a ls o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
ac c ou n tin g m a c h i n e equ ip m en t.

D oes not inclu de e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m ent o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s an aly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e rin g p r o b l e m s .

Positions are
d e fin ition s .

C la s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n tly o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a l l phas e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s .
P ro b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m en ts o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p rod uction s c h e d ­
ulin g, in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , cost a n a l y s i s , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in which
e v e r y i t e m o f eac h ty p e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th rough the full s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e fo l l o w u p actions a r e in it ia te d by the com p u te r.)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t io n s o f new or r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , if n eed ed,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s ta lla tio n s o r changes and f o r obtaining
e q u i p m e n t.

c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the

b as is o f

the

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a lys ts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

follow ing

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta b ula ting a s s i g n m e n ts
includ in g d e v i s i n g d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p ane l w i r i n g under g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lon g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h
o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e pla nn ing o f the natu re
and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and the us e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m ac h in e o p e r a t i o n s o r tr a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f l o n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D oe s not include p o s itio n s in w h ich w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

M a y p r o v i d e func tio nal
who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C l a s s B.
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under sp ec ific instructions.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l ac counting m a c h i n e s such as
the t a b u la to r and c a l c u l a t o r , in ad dition to the s i m p l e r m a c h in e s u s e d by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s .

d irectio n

to l o w e r l e v e l

s y s te m s analysts

C la s s B . W o r k s ind ep end ently o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a te d to a n a l y z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e ca u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a te d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r acc ounts in a bank, m aintaining
ac cou nts r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m ainta in in g in v e n t o r y
accounts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o l e s a l e e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s with p e r ­
sons c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s ys te m s
to be ap p li ed.

C l a s s C.
U n d e r s p e c i f i c in s tr u c tio n s , o p e r a te s s i m p l e ta bulating
o r e l e c t r i c a l ac c ou n tin g m a c h i n e s such as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o ­
d ucing punch, c o l l a t o r , etc .
A ssign m en ts ty p ica lly in vo lve portion s o f a
w o r k un it, f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c olla ting runs, o r r e p e t i t i v e
op eration s.
May p erform
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s o m e
filin g w ork.

OR

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B USINESS

W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s chem e or s y s te m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s ind e p e n d e n tly on routine as s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e i v e s i n s tr u c tio n and guid ance on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v i e w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith in s tr u c ti o n s , and to insure p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
t h e m by use o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g eq uip m en t.
D evelops a com plete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
re q u ire d d igital com puter p ro g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to be au tom ated and i d e n t i f i e s c on ditions
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and

C l a s s C . W o r k s under i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
ses as a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly o f a s i n g l e a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s are d e s ig n e d to
d e v e l o p and expand p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the ap p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s is t a higher
l e v e l s y s t e m s an alys t by p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a ti o n s r e q u i r e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d by the ’ I gh er l e v e l analyst.

Professional and Technical




41

C O M PU TE R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s te m s a n a l y s t , into a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a tic data p r o c e s s i n g e qu ip m en t. W o r k i n g f r o m
c h arts o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e i n s tr u c tio n s w h ich ,
when e n te r e d into th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c oded la n g u a g e , cau se the m a n i p u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r su b je ct m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a l y z e c h a r ts and
d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e qu e n c e o f p r o g r a m
ste ps; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w h ic h data w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d i n s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to f o l l o w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l
during p r o d u c tio n run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a ti n g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s an alys ts
i f th is is the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)

input data wh ich a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h i l e n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so that th e a c c u r a c y
and s equencing o f data can be t e s t e d b y u s in g a f e w routin e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m deals w ith routine r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) un der c l o s e
d i r e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by independently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t ta s k s a s s i g n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n der f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y guide o r

C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and c o n c e p ts u sually le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d e s i g n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f s tan da rd p r o c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on ne w a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ;
and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d
procedures.

D o e s not in clu de e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m ent o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f ot h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w i t h s c i e n t i f i c an d/or e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .

For wage

study p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

CO M PUTER OPERATOR

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s

M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s data ac c o r d in g to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k inclu des m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Studies i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e equipment setup and o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e quip m en t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e tc . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e quip m en t into
c i r c u i t , and starts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m ad e
d uring o p e r a tio n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m ain ta in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
c orrectin g program .

C lass A.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n tly o r un der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h as e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
concepts and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r ts w h i c h id e n ti f y
the nature o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g steps to be a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s steps o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g routin e;
plans the f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u te r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c ts .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r equip m en t
must be o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m
n u m e r ou s and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w i d e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s such a c tio n s as
d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h can be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
link ag e poin ts b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m en ts e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and sub sta ntia l m a n ip u la tion and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h i g h l y i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v i d e fu n c tio n a l
a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

For

w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

com puter

operators

are

c la s s ifie d

as

follow s:
C la ss A . . O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n tly , o r un der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and in t ro d u c e d ; s c he d u li ng r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d esign so that id e n ti f i c a ti o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f the t o ta l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and guid ance to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

C la s s B . O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n tly , o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d p r o d u c ti o n runs, t y p i c a l l y run on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s is ; th e r e is l i t t l e o r no t e s t i n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a lte r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m ne e d s
m a j o r chan ge o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l y s h o rt t i m e .
In

C l a s s B.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n tly o r un der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r th ree v a r ie d sequences or fo r m a ts .
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d by
r e f i n i n g , ad ap tin g, a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r ad d it ion s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m




instr uct l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .

42

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s cause and takes c o r r e c t i v e ac tio n.
This
u s u a lly i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r using
s tan d a rd c o r r e c t i o n te c h n i q u e s .

C opies
cloth o r p a p e r
include t r a c i n g
l a r g e s c a l e not

plans and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d by o t h e r s by p lac ing t r a c i n g
o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not
l i m i t e d to plans p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s ti n g o f s traigh t lin e s and a
r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)

OR
O p e r a t e s u n de r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c om p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by independently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f fi c u l t ta s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t tas k s f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d i n s tr u c tio n s and
w i t h fr e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

C l a s s C.
W o r k s on routin e p r o g r a m s under c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is
e x p e c t e d to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f the c o m p u te r equipm en t used and
a b i l i t y to d e te c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in running routin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y has
r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c om p u te r op e r ation .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
DRAFTER
C lass A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n ta ti o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s having
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s ta b l i s h e d d r a ft in g
p recedents.
W o r k s in c l o s e support w ith the d esign o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n ch an ge s .
A n a l y z e s the e ffe c t o f e ach chan ge on the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s i t i o n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f c o m p on e n ts and
p a r t s . W o r k s w i t h a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s ta n c e . C o m p l e t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m i n a t i o n s . M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d i r e c t th eir p r e p a r a t i o n by l o w e r
l e v e l d ra fters .
C l a s s B.
P e r f o r m s nonroutine and c o m p l e x d r a ft i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
that r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f th e s tan da rd ize d d r a w i n g te c h n iq u e s
r e g u l a r l y used.
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o rkin g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w i t h i r r e g u l a r sha pes, m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c om p onen ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a build ing including d e ta il d r a w i n g s o f f o u n ­
d a tio n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y com puta tions to d e t e r m i n e qu a n titie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to be u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s tr en g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R eceives
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l ad equ ac y.
C l a s s C.
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r t s f o r
e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n , m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (d e p ic tin g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f c o m p on e n ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and ad ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u i r e d .
S u gg e sted m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
with in itial a s s ign m en ts.
In s tr u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e when a s s i g n m e n t s
recur.
W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d durin g p r o g r e s s .




AND/OR
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w i n g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i te m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d during p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c equ ipmen t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
by p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
I n s ta llin g , m ainta ining,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c tin g , and te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l ap p lic a tio n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c ti o n s , and s k i l l to put equipment in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a t i n g condit io n.
T h e equip m en t— c o n s i s ti n g o f e i th e r m any d i f f e r e n t kinds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l ti p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e kind o f c i r c u i t — i n c lu d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to , the f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g equipment ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r, n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
an alo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c) in d u s tr i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n tro llin g
equip m ent.
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such stan da rd e l e c t r o n i c
equip m en t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and ho u s e hold r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s ets; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c te s t i n s tr u m e n ts ; t e c h n ic ia n s who h a ve a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en g in eers.
P o sitio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

into

l e v e l s on the b a s i s of the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . A p p l i e s a d v a n c e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p i c a l l y cannot be s o l v e d s o l e l y by r e f e r ­
ence to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anuals o r s i m i l a r d ocum ents ) in w o rk in g on e l e c ­
t r o n i c equip m en t.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s include lo c a t i o n and d ensity of
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a ti o n , i s o l a t i n g m a lf u n c tio n s , and frequ en t
e n g i n e e r i n g ch an ge s .
W o rk involves:
A d e t a i l e d un dersta nd in g o f the i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g independent jud g m ent in p e r f o r m i n g such
ta s k s as m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n ­
ships in s ig n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y us in g c o m p l e x te s t i n s tr u m e n ts ( e . g . , dual
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v i a ti o n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d by s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g in e e r or
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay provide
t e c h n i c a l g uid ance to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p i c a l l y can be s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anuals o r s i m i l a r d oc u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m en t.
W o rk in vo lves;
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x than t h o s e u s e d by the
c l a s s A te c h n ic ia n .

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e functions such as the i n s t a l ­
l a tio n , m ain te n an c e , o r r e p a i r o f e quip m en t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s tr i b u t i o n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lve s m ost
o f the f o l l o w i n g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p ­
men t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating units, con du it s y s t e m s , o r ot h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
eq uip m en t; w o rk in g f r o m b l u e p r i n ts , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r ot h e r s p e c i f i ­
c atio ns ; loc a t in g and d ia gnosin g t r o u b l e in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m en t; w o r k i n g standard com puta tions r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l equipment; and using a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s ha ndto ols and
m e a s u r i n g and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u gh
a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e qu iv ale n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g uid ance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l te c h n i c i a n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u id an c e to l o w e r
l e v e l te c h n i c i a n s .
C l a s s C. A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
routine ta s k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e quip m en t, f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
tio ns w h ich c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such
ta s k s as ;
A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n ts , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and tak in g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c equ ip m en t; and usin g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u i r e d to be f a m i l i a r w it h the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( i n c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m t r a i n i n g ) so that w o r k e r can
advance to h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w ledge of su rfa ce p e c u lia ritie s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ti o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
pain ting by r e m o v i n g old fin is h o r b y p l a c i n g putty o r f i l l e r in n a i l h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and ap plying paint w ith s p r a y gun o r bru sh .
M ay m ix c olo rs ,
o i l s , w h ite le ad , and ot h e r paint i n g r e d i e n t s to obta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
con sisten cy.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s
rounded t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r equivalent tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g uid ance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n icia n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y spot c h e c k e d , but is g i v e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
wh en ne w o r ad v a n c e d a s s i g n m e n t s a r e i n v o lv e d .
R E G IS TE R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSES

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e who g i v e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e u n de r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s of a f a c t o r y o r ot h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t.
Duties i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a ti o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju red ; attendin g to sub seq ue nt d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e ep in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id en t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m in a tio n s and he alth e v a lu a tio n s o f
ap p lic ants and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
health education , ac c id e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v alu atio n o f plant e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
oth e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the h ealth, w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u r s e s in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u rs e a r e e x clu d ed .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s of m e c h a n i c a l equipment o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g
s ta n dard m ac h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m ak in g
s ta n dard shop com putations r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s ,
and s p eed s o f m achin in g; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g standa rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e quip m en t r e q u i r e d f o r this
w o r k ; and fit tin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s into m e c h a n i c a l equip m en t. In g e n e r a l ,
the m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a roun ded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e usuall y a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN TE N A N C E C A R PE N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a ch in ery )

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t ru c t and m ain ta in
in good r e p a i r b uil d in g w o o d w o r k and equipm en t such as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s tr u c tio n s ;
using a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d too ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n dard
m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g standard shop c om p u tatio n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
sions o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
the w o r k o f th e m a i n te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e qu iv a le n t t r a i n i n g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e quip m en t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
equ ipmen t to d iag n os e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n tl i n g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the use o f ha ndto ols in
s c r a p i n g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s
ob ta in ed f r o m stock; o r d e r i n g the p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t by a
m a c h in e shop o r sending the m a c h in e to a m a c h i n e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m ac h in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k in g a l l
n e c e s s a r y ad justm ents f o r o p e r a ti o n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m ain te n a n c e m ec h an ic r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u all y




44

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M ach in ery)— Continued

M IL L W R IG H T — Continued

a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r equiv alent t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties
i n v o l v e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p rin ts o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handt o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m ak in g s ta n dard shop com puta tions r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; alig n in g and b alan cin g e q u i p ­
m en t; s e l e c t i n g sta n da rd t o o l s , equ ip m en t, and p a r ts to be used; and in s ta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n equ ipm en t such as d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
rou nded tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e qu iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o to r V eh icles)
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o ti v e e q u i p ­
m en t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g equipment and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the u s e o f such handtoo ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e qu ip m en t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and adjusting v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g
and i n s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y
a d j u s tm e n ts ; and a l i g n i n g w h e e l s , adjustin g b ra k e s and l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g
b od y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic
r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u ally a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not include
t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r shops.

m echanics

who

rep air

M A IN TE N A N C E TRADES H E LPE R
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m ain te n an c e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as keeping a
w o r k e r suppli ed w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and equipm en t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n by ho lding m a t e r i a l s o r to o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d i r e c t e d by jo u r n e y m a n .
The kind o f w o r k
the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to tr a d e :
In s om e
t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c on fin e d to supplyin g, l i f t i n g , and holding m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d
by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s is .

cus­

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r other ty p e s o f p ip e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of th e f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r oth e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c uttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t lengths w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t tin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s toc k s and d i e s ; bending p ip e by h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p i p e w i t h cou p li n gs and fas te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s tan da rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p i p e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s tan da rd t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p ip e s
m eet specifications.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g build ing sanitation o r heatin g s y s t e m s
a re exclu d ed .

S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g one o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m achine
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r in d in g m a c h i n e , engine lath e , m i l l i n g m achine) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r us e in m ak in g o r m ain ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o l d s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
n on m etallic m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la stic, p la s te r, rubber, g la s s).
W o rk typ ica lly
i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f fi c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s w h ich
r e q u i r e c o m p l i c a t e d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; setting up m achine
t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cutting t o o l s and adjust g u id e s , stops, w o r k i n g
t a b l e s , and ot h e r c o n t r o l s to handle the s i z e o f s toc k to be m achined;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n sequence o r s e l e c t
t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n ts , o r l a y o u t s ); using a v a r i e t y , o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm ents dur ing
m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r coo lan ts and cutting and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e when t o o l s ne e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th rough c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g and
exp erien ce.

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m ain ta in s in good r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f i x t u r e s (s u c h as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pans, s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c hutes, ducts, m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and l a y in g out a l l ty p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e ty p e s of s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f handtools in cutting, bending, f o r m i n g , shaping,
f i t t i n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m a i n te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s roun ded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oes not
in clude m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die job bing
shops.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , g a u g es , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o l d s u s e d in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la stic, p la s te r, rubber, gla s s).
W o rk typ ica lly in v o lve s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n ts , d r a w i n g s , o r
o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n dersta nd in g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y eq uip m en t, and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e quip m en t when changes in the plant layout a r e
req u ired .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Pla nn ing and l a y i n g out




45

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R — Continued

S H IPPIN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to c o m p l e t e ta s k s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop c om p u tatio n s ;
setting up and o p e r a t i n g v a r i o u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e l a t e d equip m en t; using
v a r i o u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s tr u m e n ts ;
w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and fin i s h e d t o o l s
and d ies to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; f ittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s rou nded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and
experien ce.

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r i n c o m i n g ship m en ts 0 1 m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
Shipping w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the g ood s
shipped, m aking up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s ti n g w e i g h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and
k e ep in g a f i l e o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r shipment.
R e ce iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s ; V e rify in g or directin g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m en ts a g a in s t b i l l s o f l a d in g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r other r e c o r d s ; ch e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
good s ; routing m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a i n ­
tain in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oe s not
includ e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s who (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie job b ing
shops o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d i e s ( d i e s i n k e r s ) .

For

O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s ta ti o n a r y e n g in e s and equip m en t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r conditibnin g.
W o r k in vo lves:
O p e r a t i n g and m a in ta in in g equipm en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n ti l a t i n g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g equ ip m en t, s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pum ps;
m ak in g equip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k e ep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c on su m p tio n.
M a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s .
H ead o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .

purposes,

w orkers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

follow s:

W A R EHO U S EM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g d uties w h ich r e q u i r e
an u ndersta nding o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) ag ain s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n ts , noting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and ob v iou s d a m a g e s ; routin g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s ta c k in g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
tak in g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r shipment.
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g duties.

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ires
s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h th e e s ta b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h
e m p l o y e d w ith he at, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a l v e s .
M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m equip m en t.

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h os e p r i m a r y d u t i e s
i n v o l v e shipping and
r e c e i v i n g w o r k ( s e e Shipping and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and Shipping P a c k e r ) ,
o r d e r f i l l i n g ( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t i n g p o w e r tr u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k
O p e ra to r).

Material Movement and Custodial

ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r other in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in ad d ition to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
cating i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tg oing o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n
ad d ition al stock o r r e p o r t s hort s u p p lies to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m ot h e r
r e l a t e d duties.

T R U CK D R IV ER
D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r in d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e qu ip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts such as : M a n u fa c t u rin g p la n ts, f r e i g h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' houses o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload t r u c k w ith
o r without h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in good
w o r k i n g o r d e r . S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x clud ed .

SH IPPIN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r s h ip m en t o r s t o r a g e by p l a c i n g th em
in shipping c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g d epen den t
upon the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be p a c k e d , th e t y p e o f c o n ta i n e r
e m p l o y e d , and m eth od o f shipm en t.
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in
shipping c on tain e r s and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s i te m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c on ta in e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r ot h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and applyin g la b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g data on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s
who a ls o m ak e w o od e n b ox es o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
ty p e o f e qu ip m en t, as f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be r a t e d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i ty .)




study

Shipping c l e r k
R eceivin g c le rk
Shipping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

S T A T IO N A R Y ENG IN EE R

T ru ck d rive r,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,

wage

li g h t t r u c k (u n der I V 2 tons)
m e d i u m t r u c k ( 1 V 2 to and includin g 4 tons)
h e a v y t r u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 tons)
h e a v y tr u c k ( o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 tons)

46

M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G LA B O R E R

GUARD A N D W A T C H M A N

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u fac tu rin g p lan t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e duties i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and u n lo ad in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; unpa cking, s h e l v i n g , o r p l a c i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y handtr uck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who l o a d and unload ship s, a r e e x c lu d e d .

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s routin e p o l i c e d u tie s , e i t h e r at f i x e d post o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u sing a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
Includes
guards who a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k on i d e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s and
other persons en terin g.
W a tc h m a n .
M a k e s rounds o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , t h e f t , and i l l e g a l e n try .

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o te c ti n g

PO W E R -TR U C K O PE RA TO R
J A N I T O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a l l y c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c tu r in g p lan t, o r o t h e r e s ta b lis h m en t.

tru ck ,

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e o f p o w e r as f o l l o w s :
F o rk lift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )




C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c on ditio n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , ap a r tm e n t ho use, o r c o m m e r i c a l
o r ot h e r e s ta b l i s h m e n t.
D u tie s i n v o l v e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S w ee p in g , m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g chips, t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; dusting e q u ip m en t, f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s up p li es and m i n o r m ainte n anc e s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e
in w in d o w w as h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

47

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The follow in g areas are s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r use in a d m i n ­
i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t ra c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a r e pub ­
lis h e d in r e l e a s e s w h ich a r e a v a i l a ­
b l e , at no c o s t, w h ile s up p lie s la st
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s
shown on the bac k c o v e r .
A lask a (statew ide)
A lb a n y, Ga.
A l e x a n d r i a —L e e s v i l l e , L a .
Alp ena—
Standish—T a w a s C i t y , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ic h .
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
A us tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif.
Bato n R o u g e , La.
B attle C r e e k , M ic h .
Bea umont—P o r t A r t h u j > - 0 r a n g e , T e x .
B e a u m o n f - P o r t Arthui^-O range
and L a k e C h a r l e s , T e x . —L a .
B i l o x i —G u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u l a —
Moss P o in t, M is s.
B ingham to n , N . Y .
B irm in g h am , Ala.
B lo o m in g to n —V i n c e n n e s , Ind.
B rem erton—
Shelto n, W a sh .
B r u n s w i c k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p i d s , Io w a
C ham paig n—Urban a—Rantoul, 111.
C h a r le s t o n —N o r th C h a r l e s t o n —
W a l t e r b o r o , S.C .
C h a r lo tt e —G a s to n ia , N .C .
Che yenne, W y o.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n . - K y ,
C o l o r a d o S p r i n g s , C olo.
C olu m b ia— u m te r , S.C .
S
C olum b us, Ga,—A l a .
C olum bus, M i s s .
D e c a tu r , 111.
Des M o i n e s , I o w a
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M inn.—W i s .
S
E l P a s o — l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
Tex.—
N. M e x .
Eugen e— p r i n g f i e l d —M e d f o r d , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .




F o r t Lau d erda le— ollyw ood
H
and W e s t P a l m B e a c h —
B o c a Rato n, F l a .
F o r t S m ith , A r k . —
Okla.
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s town—
C ham bersburg, M d .-P a .
G o l d s b o r o , N .C .
G rand Isla n d —H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
G uam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
K n o x v i l l e , Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s —T on op ah , N e v .
L i m a , Ohio
L i t t l e R oc k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k .
L o g a n s p o r t — e r u , Ind.
P
L o r a i n —E l y r i a , Ohio
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—D el.
M a c o n , Ga.
M adison, W is.
M a in e ( s t a t e w i d e )
M a n s f i e l d , Ohio
M c A l l e n —P h a r r ^ E d i n b u r g
and B r o w n s v i l l e —H a r l i n g e n —
San B e n i t o , T e x .
M erid ia n , M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , Monmouth , and
O c e an C o s . , N.J .
M o b i l e —P e n s a c o l a —P a n a m a C it y,
A l a . —F l a .
Mon tana ( s t a t e w i d e )
N a s h v i l l e —D a v id s o n , Tenn.
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C .
N e w H a m p s h i r e (s t a t e w i d e )
N e w Lon don —N o r w i c h , Conn.—R .I.
N o r t h Dakota (s t a t e w i d e )
N orthern N ew Y o r k
N orthw est Texas
O rlando, F la.
O x n a r d — i m i V a l l e y — e n tu r a , C a lif.
S
V
P e o r i a , 111.
Phoen ix, A r i z .
P i n e B lu f f, A r k .
P u e b l o , C olo.
P u e rto R ico
R a l e i g h —D u rh am , N .C .
Reno, N e v .
S a li n a, K ans.

Salin as— e as id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
S
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r i a —
L o m p o c , C alif.
Savannah, Ga.
Selm a, Ala.
S h revep ort, La.
South Dakota ( s t a te w id e )
South ern Idaho
Southwest V i r g i n i a
Spokane, Wash.
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a .
T o p e k a , Kans.
T u c s o n —D o u g l a s , A r i z .
T u l s a , Okla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ic h.
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V i r g i n Islands o f the U.S.
W a c o and K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , Io w a
W e s t V i r g i n i a ( s ta te w i d e )
W i c h i t a F a l l s —Lawton—Altu s ,
Tex.—
Okla.
W i l m i n g to n , D e l.—N.J .—Md.
Y ak im a—Richland— e n n e w ic k —
K
P e n d le to n , Wash .— r e g .
O

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
a c coun ta n ts , a u d i to r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t­
ants, a t t o r n e y s , job a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
to rs of person nel, bu yers, chem ists,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g te c h n icia n s ,
d ra ft e r s , a n d c le r ic a l em p lo yees
is a v a i l a b l e .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 1980, N a ti o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
fe ss io n a l, A d m in is tra tiv e , Tech n ical
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1977, $ 2.40
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the
b ack c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r i n ­
tendent o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a sh in g ton ,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u ll e tin s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
B u ll e tin s
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the back
c o v e r , o r f r o m the Su p e rin te n d e n t o f D oc u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f f i c e , W a s h i n g to n , D . C . 20402.
M a k e che cks p ayab le to Su perinte ndent o f
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1970 th ro u g h 197 6, is a v a i l a b l e on req u e s t .

Area
A k r o n , O h i o , D e c . 1977__________________________________________
A lb a n y —Sch en ectady—T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1977 --------------------A n a h e i m —Santa Ana—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O c t. 1977_________________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 977-----------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1977-----------------------------------------------B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , July 1977 1 _____________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 77 ------------------------------------------B o s to n , M a s s . , A u g . 1977 _______________________________________
B u f fa l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1977 _________________________________________
Canton, O h i o , M a y 1977 1 --------------------------------------------------C h attan o og a, T e n n .—G a . , Sept. 1977 ---------------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1977 1_________________ _______________ ________
C in c in n a ti, O hio —K y . —I n d . , July 1 9 7 7 1 -----------------------------C l e v e l a n d , O h io , Sept. 1977 1 --------------------------------------------C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1977______________________________________
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1977 1 _____________________________
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1977___________________________
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k Is la n d r- M o lin e , Io wa—111., F eb . 1978--------D ay ton , O h io , D e c . 1977 1________________________________________
D ayton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1977 1______________________________
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1977 1 ___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1978_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1977 _______________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1977 1__________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1 9 77 _____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — i n s t o n - S a l e m —H i g h P o i n t ,
W
N . C . , A u g . 1977 1 ________________________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r ta n b u rg , S . C . , June 1977 -------------------------H a r t f o r d , C onn ., M a r . 1 9 77 _____________________________________
H ou ston, T e x . , A u g . 1977 1 ______________________________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1978______________________________________
I n d ia n a p o lis , In d., O c t. 1 9 7 7 ---------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1978_______________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1977___________________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s ., Sept. 1 977---------------------------------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , Oct. 1977_________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —Ind ., N o v . 1977 1 ______________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n .—A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1977______________________




B u l l e ti n number
and p r i c e *
1950-70, 80 cents
1950-52, 80 cents
1950-60,
1950-17,
1950-39,
1950-40,
1950-8,
1950-50,
1950-58,
1950-28,
1950-44,
1950-41,
1950-45,
1950-53,
1950-64,
1950-35,
1950-65,
2 0 25-6,
1950-71,
1950-43,
1950-74,
2025-11,
1950-30,
1950-46,
1950-36,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1.2 0
$1.20
$1.00
85 cents
$1.20
$ 1.0 0
$ 1.1 0
70 cents
$1.40
$1.20
$1.4 0
$1.00
$1.00
$1.20
70 cents
$ 1.1 0
$1.00
$1.4 0
$ 1.2 0
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents

1950-42,
1950-33,
1950-9,
1950-48,
2 0 25-4,
1950-56,
2 0 25-1,
1950-67,
1950-54,
1950-61,
1950-66,
1950-63,

$1.10
70 cents
80 cents
$ 1.4 0
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents
70 cents
$1 .00
$ 1.2 0
$1.20
70 cents

Area
M i a m i , F l a . , O c t. 1977__________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1977 ___________________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M inn.—W i s . , Jan. 1 9 7 8 1_____________
N a s s a u — ffolk, N . Y . , June 1977 ______________________________
Su
N e w a r k , N . J . , Jan. 1 9 78 1 _______________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1978___________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . —N . J . , M a y 1977______________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a.—
N . C . , M a y 1977 _________________________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p to n , V a.—N . C . , M a y 1977____________
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , Au g . 1977 1__________________________
O k la h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 7 1 ____________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , O ct. 1977 1 ______________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1977 _________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a —N .J . , N o v . 1977_____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1978______________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1977____________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1977 1___________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1977 _______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K ing s ton—N e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1976_______
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . I. —
W
M a s s . , June 1977 1 _______________________________ _____________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , June 1977 1 ____________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . - n i . , M a r . 1977 .__ _____________________________
S a c r a m e n to , C a l i f . , D e c . 1 9 7 7 1_______________________________
Sagin aw, M i c h . , N o v . 1977______________________________________
Salt L a k e C ity—O g de n , Utah, N o v . 1977______________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1977 1_________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1977 1 _________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O akland, C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1_________________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 8 1 __________________________________
S e a ttle — v e r e t t , W a s h . , D e c . 1977____________________________
E
South Bend, Ind., Au g . 1977 1 __________________________________
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h . , M a y 1 977________________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1977_______________________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , July 1977 1 _______________________ _________
W a sh in g ton , D .C .—Md.—V a . , M a r . 1977 ______________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1977 1 ____________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1977 _________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1978 1.__ _______________________________________

*
l

B u lle tin number
and p r i c e *
1950-57,
1950-14,
2025-2,
1950-27,
2025-7,
2025-5,
1950-31,

$1-00
$1.10
$1.40
$1.00
$1.40
$1.00
$1.20

1950-20, 70 cents
1950-21,
1950-38,
1950-49,
1950-55,
1950-34,
1950-62,
2025-3,
1950-69,
1950-32,
1950-25,
1900-55,

70 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.10
70 cents
$1.20
$1.10
70 cents
$1.20
70 cents
5 5 cents

1950-22,
1950-23,
1950-10,
1950-72,
1950-59,
1950-68,
1950-24,
1950-73,
2025-10,
2025-9,
1950-75,
1950-51,
1950-18,
1950-47,
1950-37,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
2025-8,

$1.20
$1.10
$1.20
$1.00
70 cents
80 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.40
$1.20
80 cents
$1.10
80 cents
70 cents
$1-10
$1-20
$1.10
70 cents
$1.10

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

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Region t

Region II

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Region IV

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