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AREA WAGE SURVEY
D e tro it, M ic h ig a n , M e tro p o lita n A rea,
M a rc h 1973
B u lle tin 1775 8 9




U S D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR
____ Bureau of Labor Statisti cs




P re fa c e
T h i s b ulletin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a M a r c h 1973 s u r v e y o f occup ational
e a r n i n g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits in the D e t r o i t , M i c h i g a n , Standard
M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( M a c o m b , Oakland, and Wayne C ou n tie s).
The
s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u re au o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e
survey p ro gra m .
T h e p r o g r a m is d e s ig n e d to y i e l d data f o r in d iv id u al m e t r o ­
politan a r e a s , as w e l l as nation al and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l Standard M e t r o ­
polita n A r e a s in the United St ate s, e xc lu d in g A l a s k a and H aw a ii, (as d e fin e d by
the U.S. O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and Budget th rough N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m i s the n e e d to
d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th ro ugh
the a n a ly s is o f (1) the l e v e l and d is trib u t io n o f w a g e s by occup ation, and (2) the
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by oc c u p atio n al c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The p ro gram de­
v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , including w a g e and
s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plant
loc ation . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a ls o a r e used by the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e
w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s un der the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 96 a r e a s a r e included in the p r o g r a m .
(S ee l i s t o f a r e a s
on in s id e back c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a , oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d
annually. I n f o r m a t i o n on e s ta b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e ­
f i t s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y second y e a r in the past, i s now obta ined e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E ach y e a r a f t e r a l l ind iv id u al a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s have been c o m p l e t e d ,
tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data f o r each
m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d . T h e second s u m m a r y b u lle tin p r e s e n t s na tional and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data.
T h e D e t r o i t s u r v e y w a s conduct ed by the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
C h ic a g o , I I I . , un der th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f P e t e r J. H e b e in , A c t i n g A s s i s t a n t
R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s . T h e s u r v e y could not have been a c c o m p l i s h e d
without the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h ose w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d
the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this b ulletin.
T h e B u re au w is h e s to
e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a ti o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
R e p o r t s on oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in
the D e t r o i t a r e a a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r c o n t r a c t c le a n in g in d u s tr y (July 1971) and
f o r s e l e c t e d laun d ry and d r y c le a n in g oc c u p atio n s ( M a r c h 1973).
A ls o available
a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r a t e s f o r building t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a ti n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m ­
p l o y e e s . F r e e c o p i e s o f th e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(S ee bac k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 7 7 5 - 8 9
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LABO R, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary

September 1973

BUREAU OF LABOR S TATISTIC S, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Detroit, Michigan, Metropolitan Area, March 1973
CONTENTS
Page
2
6

In tr od u c tio n
W a ge t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p s

T ab les:
5
7

8

9
13
16
18
20
22
24
25
26
28
30
31

32
33
34
35
36
37
40
42

1.
2.
3.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c op e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r studied
In d e x e s of e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d oc c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d oc c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , ad justed f o r e m p l o y m e n t shifts

A . O c c u p ation al e a r n i n g s :
A -l.
O f f i c e oc c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A - l a . O f f i c e oc c u p atio n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A-2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
A - 2 a . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o ccup atio ns—l a r g e e s ta b l i s h m e n ts : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A-3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , b y s e x
A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l oc c up atio ns —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , by s e x
A-4.
M a in ten a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
A - 4 a . M ain ten an c e and p o w e r p l a n t oc c u p atio n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
A-5.
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
A - 5 a . C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t oc c u p atio n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
A -6.
M ain t e n a n c e , p o w e r p l a n t, c u s to d i a l , and m a t e r i a l ha ndling o c c u p atio n s :
A v e r a g e hourly earnings, by sex
A - 6 a . M ain t e n a n c e , p o w e r p l a n t, c u s to d ia l, and m a t e r i a l ha ndling oc c u p atio n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s :
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , b y s e x
B. E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s
B -l.
B -2.
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s
Sched ule d w e e k l y hours and days
B -3.
An nual paid h o lid a y s
B -4.
B - 4 a . Id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f m a j o r paid h o l i d a y s
P a id vacations
B -5.
H ealth , i n s u r a n c e , and pe n s io n plans
B-6.
A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p ation al d e s c r i p t i o n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 04 02 —Price 80 cents

1

Introd uctio n
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h ic h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e fits on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In this a r e a , data w e r e
ob ta ined by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a ­
t i v e e s ta b l i s h m e n ts with in s ix b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M an u fa ctu rin g;
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o t h e r publi c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a j o r in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c tio n and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts h a vin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d
b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o ccup atio ns studied. S e p a ­
r a t e ta bulations a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s
wh ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the occup ation
is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data. E a r n in g s
data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e includ ed in a l l
i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d data, w h e r e shown. L i k e w i s e , data a r e included
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s
te c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e v / ork ers, i . e . , th os e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y sched ule.
E a r n i n g s data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h if ts . N o n p r o d u c tio n b on uses a r e e x ­
cluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n ­
cluded. 2 W h e r e w e e k l y hours a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p atio ns , r e f e r e n c e is to the stan da rd w o r k w e e k (r ou n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a l f hour) f o r wh ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r an d/ o r p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r th e s e oc c u p a tio n s a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c on du cted on a s a m p le b a s i s . T h e s a m ­
pling p ro c ed u re s in vo lve d etailed str a tifica tio n o f all establishm ents
w ith in the sc op e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s tr y and n u m b e r
o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e is
s e l e c t e d , w ith each e s t a b l i s h m e n t havin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f
s e l e c t i o n . T o obta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d . When data
a r e c o m b i n e d , e ach e s ta b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that un bia sed e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b l i s h m e n ts is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o se n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no s u it ab le substitute is a v a i l a b l e , ad d itio n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l oc c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n ge s . T h e a v e r ­
a g e s f o r i n d iv id u a l job s a r e a f f e c t e d by c han ges in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p l e , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by
h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p l a c e d by n e w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such shif ts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s during
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in tab le 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than i n d iv id u a l jo b s within the
groups.

O ccup ation s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c tu r i n g and no nm anu fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follo w in g types:
(1 ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l;
(3) m a i n te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t; and (4) c u s to d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take account o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in duties w ith in the s a m e j o b . T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the appendix. U n le s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic a te d , the
e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g the jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under conuact. These
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N . Y . (N ew York portion only); Durham, N. C. ; Fort Lauderdale—
H ollyw ood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A l a . ; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y . ; Rochester, N . Y . (o ffic e occupations only); Syracuse, N .Y . ; and U tica—Rom e, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . In­
d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in pay l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and
thus c o n trib u te d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r each jo b . P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am ong jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tio n s should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p ay o f the s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s wh ich m a y c on trib u te to
d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , sin c e
o n l y the r a t e s paid in cum b ents a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c duties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p ­
tio n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
areasg e n e r a l i z e d than th o s e used in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
2
Special payments provided for work in designated parts o f the area by companies not consid­
ering such payments a part o f the regular salary or hourly rate were not included because of reporting
problems.
Such instances are few and do not have a large im pact on the published data.

2

3
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o ta l in all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s with in the scop e o f the study and not the n u m b er a c tu ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e oc c u p atio n al s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s t a b lis h m e n ts
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f occup atio nal e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m the s a m p le
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s studied s e r v e o n ly to i n d ic a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
ta n c e o f the jo b s studied. T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in oc c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s data.

E stablishm en t P r a c t ic e s

and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a ge P r o v i s i o n s

In f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d (i n the B - s e r i e s ta b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s f o r p lantw o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s . Data f o r in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s not p r e s e n t e d
s e p a r a t e l y a r e includ ed in the e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . " A d m i n ­
i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c tio n
w o r k e r s who a r e u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r > f o r e
ape exc lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in clu de w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and all non s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k ­
ers
(i nclu d in g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ff ic e fu n c ­
tio n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " inclu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d functions.
C afeteria
w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , but
in c lu d e d in no nm anu fa cturin g i n d u s t r i e s .
M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s
o n ly to the e s ta b l i s h m e n ts v i s i t e d .
(S ee tab le B - l . )
B ecause
o p tim u m s a m p lin g te chn iq ues used and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e
l i s h m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to h a ve
e n tr a n ce r a te s ab ov e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the ta b le is m o r e
s e n ta t iv e o f policies^ An m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

rela te
of the
estab­
form al
repre­

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l data a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s . (S ee tab le B - 2 . ) T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d
in t e r m s o f (1) e s ta b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y 3 f o r to ta l p l a n t w o r k e r e m p l o y ­
m e n t, and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e f o r w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the
s p e c i f i e d shif t at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ha vin g
v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the amount ap p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y is used; i f no
amount a p p lie s to a m a j o r i t y , the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " is us ed. In e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t s ha vin g s o m e l a t e - s h i f t hours p aid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f
f e r e n c e is r e c o r d e d on ly i f it a p p lie s to a m a j o r i t y o f the shift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k l y hours and days o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e ta bulate d as ap p lyin g to
a l l o f the p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b l i s h m e n t . (S ee
ta b le B - 3 . ) Sched ule d w e e k l y h o u rs and days a r e th ose wh ich a m a ­
j o r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s a r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r th e y a r e
p a id s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .

P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p aid v a c a t i o n s ; and healt h, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n ­
sion plans a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s is that th e s e a r e a p p l i ­
c a b le to a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k ­
e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n tu a l l y q u a l i fy f o r the p r a c t i c e s li s te d .
(S e e ta b le s B - 4 th ro u gh B - 6 . ) Sums o f in d iv id u a l i t e m s in ta b le s B - 2
th ro u gh B - 6 m a y not e qual to ta ls b e c a u s e o f rounding.
Data on paid h o lid a y s a r e l i m i t e d to h o lid a y s g ran te d annu­
a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r
(2) a r e e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s to m . (S ee ta b le B - 4 . ) H o lid a y s o r d i n a r i l y
g r a n te d a r e inclu d ed e v e n though th ey m a y f a l l on a nonw ork d ay and
the w o r k e r is not g r a n te d an oth er d ay o f f . T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the paid
h o l i d a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b er o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid ays actu a lly
g r a n te d .
T h e s eco nd p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le and h a l f h o lid a y s to show
to ta l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T a b l e B - 4 a r e p o r t s the i n c id e n c e o f the m o s t
c o m m o n paid h o l i d a y s .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n plans is a s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f
v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than a m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e f its . (S e e tab le B - 5 . ) P r o v i s i o n s apply
to a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s
o f length o f s e r v i c e . P a y m e n t s on o t h e r than a t i m e b a s is a r e c o n ­
v e r t e d to a t i m e p e r i o d ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s
a r e c o n s i d e r e d e q u i v a l e n t to 1 w e e k s ' pay. O n ly b a s ic plans a r e i n ­
cluded. E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a tio n b on uses, v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s plans,
and " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s beyo nd b as ic plans.
Such
p r o v i s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in the s t e e l , alum in u m , and can in d u s tr ie s .
H e alt h , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans f o r wh ich the e m p l o y e r
p ays at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t in clu d e th ose (1) u n d e r w r itte n by a
c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) p r o v i d e d
th ro ugh a union fund, o r (3) p aid d i r e c t l y by the e m p l o y e r out of c u r ­
ren t o p e r a t i n g funds o r f r o m a fund s et a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e. (See
ta b le B - 6 . ) A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d to h a ve such a plan i f the
m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a r e c o v e r e d under the plan e v e n i f l e s s than a
m a j o r i t y e l e c t to p a r t i c i p a t e b e ca u s e e m p l o y e e s a r e r e q u i r e d to c o n ­
tr ib u te t o w a r d the c o s t o f the plan.
E x c lu d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d
p la ns, such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d
retirem en t.
S ic k n e s s and ac c id e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that ty pe o f i n ­
s u r a n c e under w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d cas h p ay m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
t(y the i n s u r e d d u rin g t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d i s a b i l i t y . I n f o r ­
m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l such plans to wh ich the e m p l o y e r c o n ­
t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , wh ich h a ve enacte d
t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s r e q u i r i n g e m p l o y e r c o n trib u t io n s ,4
plans a r e i n c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p l o y e r (1) c on trib u t e s m o r e than is
l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e with b e n e fits which e x ­
c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the law . T a b u la tio n s o f paid s ic k l e a v e plans

3
An establishment is considered as having a policy if it m et either of the follow in g condi­
tions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the survey, or (2 ) had form al provisions covering late
shifts. A n establishment was considered as having form al provisions i f it (1 ) had operated late shifts
4
contributions.
during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.




The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer

4
a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 5 wh ic h p r o v i d e fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f
the w o r k e r ' s p ay d u rin g ab s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e ca u s e o f i l l n e s s . S e p a ­
r a te tab ula tion s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) plans wh ich p r o v i d e fu ll
p ay and no w a it in g p e r i o d , and (2) pla ns wh ich p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l
pay o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In ad dition to the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s p r o v i d e d s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r paid sick
l e a v e , an unduplicat ed to ta l is shown o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e i th e r
o r both ty p e s o f b e n e f i ts .
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e p a y m e n ts to
t o t a l l y d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r p aid s i c k l e a v e
an d/ or s i c k n e s s and ac c id e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d
p e rio d of d is a b ility (ty p ica lly 6 m onths).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e until
5
An establishment is considered as having a form al plan i f it established at least the minimum
number o f days of sick lea ve available to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written, but
informal sick lea ve allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




the end o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a m a x i m u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t i r e ­
m e n t b e n e f its . F u l l o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n ts a r e a l m o s t a l w a y s re d u c e d by
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a tio n , and p r i v a t e p e n s io n b e ne fit s
p a y a b le to the d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e .
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e plans p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s f r o m s i c k ­
n e s s and i n j u r y e x p e n s e s beyo nd the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n ,
m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p la ns. T y p i c a l f e a t u r e s o f m a j o r m e d i c a l plans
a r e (1) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $50) p aid b y the i n s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e fits
begin; (2) a c o i n s u r a n c e f e a t u r e r e q u i r i n g the in s u r e d to p ay a p o r ti o n
( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s ; and (3) stated d o l l a r m a x i m u m
b e n e fits ( e . g . , $ 10,000 a y e a r ) . M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e s c o m p l e t e
o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . D e n ta l in s u r a n c e u s u ally c o v e r s
f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s . E x c lu d e d a r e plans wh ich c o v e r on ly
o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e . R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n plans p r o v i d e
p ay m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .

5

T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r stu d ied in D e tro it, M ic h .,‘ by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 M a rc h 1 9 7 3
W ork ers in establishm ents

Num ber o f establishm ents

Industry division

Minim um
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ­
ments in scope
o f study

W ithin scope o f study
W ithin scope
o f study *

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

Plant
Num ber

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

A l l establishm ents
A ll d ivis io n s__________________________________

-

1, 410

284

779.468

100

491,311

127,023

554, 185

M anufacturing_____________________________________
Nonm anufacturing________________________________
Tran sp o rta tion , com m unication, and
other public u tilitie s 5 _______________________
W h olesa le t r a d e _______________________________
R e ta il tra d e_____________________________________
Fin ance, in su rance, and re a l estate 6 ______
S erv ic e s 8 ______________________________________

100
-

474
936

86
198

477,232
302,236

61
39

333,672
157, 639

55,006
72,017

373,548
180,637

100
50
100
50
50

95
215
155
162
309

29
36
33
40
60

62,450
39,094
104, 634
48, 348
47, 710

8
5
14
6
6

29,066
20, 115
83, 180
71,305
23,973

15, 140
8, 609
9, 346
31,373
7,549

48, 921
20,547
67,473
30,717
12,979

A ll d ivis io n s__________________________________

-

161

101

573, 967

100

364,745

92,499

518, 137

M anufacturing_____________________________________
Nonm anufacturing_________________________________
T ran sp o rta tion , com m unication, and
other public u tilitie s 5 ______________________
W holesale t r a d e _______________________________
R e ta il tra d e____________________________________
Fin ance, in su rance, and re a l estate 6 ______
S e rv ic e s 8 ______________________________________

500

72
89

39
62

391,055
182,912

68
32

268,438
96,307

47, 161
45,338

361, 368
156, 769

500
500
500
500
500

14
10
34
21
10

12
8
21
16
5

47.393
17, 668
79,968
29, 813
8,070

8
3
14
5
2

21,358
8,519
6, 117
313

12,760
3, 650
7, 104
20,528
1,296

45,233
16, 602
64, 787
26, 355
3, 792

L a rg e establishm ents

1 The D etro it Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as defined by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and Budget through N o vem b er 1971, consists o f M acom b, Oakland, and Wayne Counties.
The "w o r k e rs within scope o f study” estim ates shown in this table provid e a reason ably a ccu rate d es crip tio n o f the s iz e and com position o f the labor fo r c e included in the su rvey. The estim ates
a re not intended, h o w eve r, to s e rv e as a basis o f com parison with other em ploym ent indexes fo r the a rea to m easu re em ploym ent trends o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age su rveys re q u ires
the use o f establishm ent data com piled co n s id era b ly in advance o f the p a y ro ll p erio d studied, and (2) s m a ll establishm ents a re excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
2 Th e 1967 edition o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a tio n Manual was used in cla s s ify in g establishm ents by industry d ivis ion .
3 Includes a ll establishm ents with tota l em ploym ent at o r above the m inim um lim ita tion . A l l outlets (w ithin the a rea ) o f com panies in such in du stries as tra d e , fin ance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion pictu re theaters a re con sidered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes execu tive, p ro fe ssio n a l, and other w o rk ers excluded fr o m the sep ara te plant and o ffic e c a te g o rie s .
5 A b b revia ted to ' ’public u t ilitie s " in the A - and B - s e r ie s ta b les. Tax ica b s and s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w a ter tran sportation w e re excluded. D e tro it's tra n sit system is m u n icipally operated
and is excluded by definition fr o m the scope o f the study.
6 A b b revia ted to "fin a n c e " in the A - and B - s e r ie s tables.
7 E stim ate re la tes to re a l estate establishm ents only. W ork ers fro m the en tire in du stry d ivis io n a re re p res en ted in the S e ries A ta b les, but fr o m the r e a l estate portion only in " a ll in du stry"
estim ates in the S e ries B tables.
8 H otels and m o tels; laundries and other perso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and parking; m otion p ictu res; n on profit m em b ersh ip o rgan ization s (excluding re ligio u s
and ch a rita ble o rga n iza tio n s ); and en gin eerin g and a rch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .
La b o r-m a n a gem en t a greem e n t c o v e ra g e
The fo llo w in g tabulation shows the p ercen t o f plan tw orkers and o ffic e w o rk e rs
em ployed in establish m ents in which a con tract o r contracts c o v e r e d a m a jo rity o f the w ork ers
in the re s p e c tiv e c a te g o rie s , D etro it, M ich ., M a rch 1973:
P la n tw o rk e rs

In du strial com position in m anufacturing
T h r e e -fifth s o f the w o rk ers within scope o f the su rvey in the D etro it a rea w ere
em ployed in m anufacturing fir m s . The fo llow in g presen ts the m a jo r industry groups and
s p e c ific in du stries as a percen t o f a ll manufacturing;
Industry groups
T ra n sp o rta tion equ ipm ent_______ 51
F a b rica ted m e ta l p rod u cts______ 11
M a ch in e ry, except e le c tr ic a l____11
P r im a r y m eta l in d u s trie s ______ 9

S p ecific in du stries
M otor v e h ic le s and
equ ipm ent___________________
51
M e ta l stam pin gs________________ 7
B last fu rn ace and basic
s te e l products_________________ 5

Th is in form ation is based on estim ates o f tota l em ploym ent d eriv e d fr o m u n iverse
m a te ria ls co m p iled p r io r to actual su rvey.
P ro p o rtio n s in va rio u s industry division s m ay
d iffe r fr o m proportions based on the resu lts o f the su rvey as shown in table 1 above.




A l l in d u s trie s __________________
M anufactur ing__________________
P u blic u t ilitie s _________________
W ho lesa le t r a d e ________________
R e ta il tra d e_____________________
Financ e _________________________
S e r v ic e s _________________________

O ffic e w o rk e r s

89
99
99
88
55
67

20
23
56
26
4
2
14

An establish m ent is co n s id ere d to have a contract co ve rin g a ll plan tw orkers or
o ffic e w o rk e r s i f a m a jo rity o f such w o rk ers a re c o v e re d by a la bor-m a n a gem en t a greem en t.
T h e r e fo r e , a ll other plan tw orkers o r o ffic e w o rk e rs a re em ployed in establish m ents that eith er
do not have lab o r-m a n a gem en t contracts in e ffe c t, o r have contracts that apply to fe w e r than
h alf o f th e ir plan tw orkers o r o ffic e w o rk e rs .
E stim ates a re not n e c e s s a r ily re p res en ta tive
o f the extent to which a ll w o rk e rs in the a rea m ay be c o v e re d by the p rovis ion s of
labor-m an agem en t a gre e m e n ts , becau se s m a ll establishm ents a re excluded and the in du strial
scope o f the su rvey is lim ited .

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f chan ge in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s tr ia l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g ro u p s.
T h e i n d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s durin g the b a s e p e r i o d .
Su btractin g 100 f r o m the
in d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t chan ge in w a g e s f r o m the b as e p e r i o d to the
date o f the index. T h e p e r c e n t s o f change o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c han ges b e t w e e n the in d ic a te d d ate s. An nual r a t e s of i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the amount o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 months when the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m onths.
T h e s e com pu­
ta tio ns a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t io n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a constant
r a te b e t w e e n s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f chan ge in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p ay
chan ges in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

T h e in d e x is a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in the b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a lu e o f 100 p e r c e n t . T h e in d e x is c om p u te d b y m u l t i ­
p ly i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (the p e r c e n t
chan ge plus 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the next s u c c e e d in g y e a r and then c o n ­
tinuing to m u l t i p l y (com pound) each y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s in^^x.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
ex clu sive o f earnings f o r o v e r tim e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey
m e a s u r e chan ges in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e xc lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te shifts .
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
pations and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t jo b s w ith in
eac h group-

M e th o d o f C om pu ting
E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an oc c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p is a s s i g n e d a con st ant w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p :
O ffic e clerica l (m en and
women):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (o ffic e boys or
girls)

O ffic e clerica l (m en and
w om en )— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-m achine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L i m i t a t i o n s o f Data
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c han ge, as m e a s u r e s o f chan ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n flu e n c e d b y:
( l ) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y in d iv id u a l
w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c han ges in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to c han ges in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e xp a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and c han ges in the p r o p o r t i o n s of w o r k ­
e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s . Chan ges in
the l a b o r f o r c e can caus e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the oc c u p atio n al
a v e r a g e s with out ac tu a l w a g e chan ges.
It is c o n c e i v a b l e that e v e n
though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h a ve d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d
the a r e a o r expanded t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y have
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y con stant, y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y have r i s e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (m en):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (autom otive)
Painters
Pipefitters
To ol and die makers
Unskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation o f previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e us e o f con st an t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f changes in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each job i n ­
c lu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t s o f chan ge r e f l e c t o n ly changes in
a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o urs.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n ce d b y
changes in s tan da rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m p ay
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data a r e ad justed to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f change any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t caus e d b y
chan ges in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e ach oc c u p atio n a r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a tio n a l w e i g h t , and the p ro d u c ts f o r a l l oc c u p atio n s
in the g ro u p a r e to ta le d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s a r e
r e l a t e d b y s u b trac tin g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r and d i v id in g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g ate f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 shows the p e r c e n t
o f change.




6

T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in D e tro it, M ic h ., F e b ru a ry 1 9 7 2 an d M a rc h 1 9 7 3 ,
an d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A l l in du stries
W eek ly earnings
P e r io d

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(m en and
women)

Manufacturing
W eek ly earnings

H ou rly earnings

In du strial
nurses
(m en and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

U nskilled
plantw ork ers
(m en)

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

H ou rly earnings

In du strial
nurses
(m en and
women)

S killed
maintenance
trade s
(m en)

U nskilled
plantw o rk ers
(m en)

Indexes (January 1967*100)
F e b ru a ry 1972---------------------------------------------M a rch 1973.............................................................

136. 8
142. 5

152. 7
163. 5

145. 4
152. 8

142. 5
148. 2

135. 8
141. 2

151. 8
162. 3

145. 1
152.4

140. 5
147. 1

4. 5
1.9
2.9
2. 7

P erc e n ts o f in crea se
January I960 to January 1961-----------------------January 1961 to January 1962—-------------------- January 1962 to January 1963-----------------------January 1963 to January 1964----------------- —---January 1964 to January 1965-----------------------January 1965 to January 1966---- ----------------January 1966 to January 1967-----------------------January 1967 to January 1968-----------------------January 1968 to January 1969__________________
January 1969 to F e b ru a ry 1970:
13-month in c re a s e ____________________________
Annual rate o f in c r e a s e ---------------------------F e b ru a ry 1970 to F eb ru a ry 1971------------------F e b ru a ry 1971 to F e b ru a ry 1972------------------F e b ru a ry 1972 to M a rc h 1973:
13-month in crea se - --------------------------------Annual rate o f in c r e a s e ----------------------------




3. 1
2. 5
3. 0
3. 0
3. 0
2. 8
5. 6
5. 5
4. 8

4.
3.
2.
3.
1.
5.
7.
8.
8.

4
3
7
1
3
1
3

7. 3
6. 7

8.

7.

6

8.

1 .6

4. 8
1. 8
3. 4
3. 7
.4
4. 5
6.9
5. 9
6.4

3. 8
.0
3.4
3. 1
2. 3
2. 8
5. 9
5. 2
4. 8

5. 3
2. 3
3. 2
2. 6
.9
5. 5
7. 2
8. 6
8. 2

3.6
5. 4
10. 3
6. 5

4. 7
1. 8
3.4
2.9
1. 3
4. 1
5. 9
5. 4
6. 5

8. 3
7. 6

5. 5
5. 1

5. 3
4.9

12. 0

9. 8
6. 7

10. 2

5

.9
6. 4

5. 0
4 .6

2

6

3. 7
5. 4
9.9

3

6 .6

3

5. 6
5. 2

6. 0

6 .2

5. 5

5. 7

10. 0

10. 1

3
.4

12.4
6. 6

4. 2
3.9

7. 1
6. 5

6

4. 4
1.9
2.9
2. 7

6. 8

8.

5. 1
4. 7

4. 0
3. 7

3

8.9
5

6.

6.

4. 0
3. 7

6

1 .6

7.

8

4. 7
4. 3

8

Table 3 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e in a v e ra g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , a d ju s te d fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts ,
in D e tr o it, M ic h ., F e b ru a ry 1 9 7 2 to M a r c h 1 9 7 3
Manufacturing

A l l in du stries
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
wom en)

Indu strial
nurses
(men and
wom en)

S killed
maintenance
tra d es
(m en)

U nskilled
plantw o rk ers
(m en)

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
wom en)

In du stria l
n u rses
(m en and
w om en)

5.7
5.3

5.3
4.9

6.5
6 .0

4.7
4.3

5.5
5.1

Skilled
maintenance
tra d es
(m en)

Nonm anufacturing
U nskilled
plantw o rk e rs
(m en)

In du strial
O ffic e
Skilled
c le r ic a l
maintenance
nurses
(m en and (m en and
tra d es
wom en)
(m en)
w om en)

U nskilled
plantw o rk e rs
(m en)

F e b ru a ry 1972 to M arch 1973:
5.7
5.3

1

5.2
4.8

6 .1

6 .6

6.5

5.6

6 .1

6 .0

Data do not m eet publication c r ite r ia .




N O T E : Table 3 p ro vid es p ercen ts o f change in a v e ra g e h ou rly earn in gs fo r sele cted
occupational groups, adjusted to exclude the e ffe c t o f em ploym ent sh ifts.
The new m ethod
fo r computing wage tren ds is based on changes in a vera g e h ou rly earn in gs fo r establish m ents
re p o rtin g the index jobs in both the cu rren t and p revio u s y e a r (m atched esta blish m en ts),
holding establish m ent em ploym ent in the jo b s constant.
Th e new wage tren d s a re not linked to the cu rren t in dexes because the new w age tren ds
m e a s u re changes in m atched establish m ent a v e ra g e s w h erea s the cu rren t indexes m easu re
changes in a rea a v e r a g e s . Other c h a ra c te ris tic s o f the new w age tren ds which d iffe r fro m
the cu rren t ones include ( 1 ) earn in gs data o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n urses
a re co n verted to an h ou rly b a sis, and ( 2 ) trend estim ates a re p rovid ed fo r nonmanufacturing
establish m ents.
F o r a m o re d eta iled d es crip tio n o f the new m ethod used to compute a rea w age su rvey
in d ex es, see "Im p ro vin g A r e a W age Survey In dexes, " Monthly L a b o r R e v ie w , January 1973,
pp. 52-57.

(* )
(l )

7.5
6.9

9

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a rn in g s
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in se le c te d occupations by indu stry d iv is io n , D e tro it, M ich ., M a rch 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)______

Number of w orkers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
«

Average
weekly

t

$

t

100

t

(

130

i

t

-

80

90

100

-

1
1

19
19

15
15

99
91

16
16

1

-1

9

4

-

-

-

10
1

•j

”

9

4

9

97
38
9

18

-

30

61
17
99
19
23

63
17
96
18

151
25
126
69
99
5

39
17
17
-

9
9
5

6

3

17
17
-

96
96
3

160

158
57

-

-

199
30
119
13
51
44

159
60
99
19
23
9
91

-

110

120

-

130

-

190

150

t

-

150

160

s

160

170

i

180

190

s

t

-

-

-

170

180

190

*

-

-

200

i

-

200

210

s

t

230

290

-

210

22C

i

$

3

-

190

t

-

-

110

120

80

and
under

(standard)

90

t

70

70

Occupation and industry division

6C

t

-

-

-

22C

230

29C

19
13

-

-

“

250
-

250

760
and

260 over

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

121
111

1 2 0 .5 0 39.5 191.50
39.5 193.50 128.00 1 1 9 .5 0 -

150.00
139.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

169
118
51

39.5 155.50 151.00 1 3 7 .0 0 39.5 160.50 167.00 1 3 9 .0 0 39.0 192.50 190.00 1 2 3 .0 0 -

176.00
178.50
160.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------FINANCE --------------------------StPVICES --------------------------

900
99
301
89
129
53

39.0
90.0
39.0
39.5
38.5
3 8 .C

125.00 123.00 1 1 0 .5 0 129.50
132.50 128.00 1 1 7 .5 0 139.50
123.00 122.00 1 0 8 .5 0 128.00
122.00 126.00 121.00-128.00
119.00 119.00 1 0 5 .5 0 123.50
139.00 109.00 1 0 1 .(-3-202.00
187.50
205.CO
169.00
187.00

$

tte.oo

$

$

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE --------------FINANCE ----------------------SERVICES ---------------------

2,213
1,193
1,070
197
323
213
250
137

39.5
90.0
39.0
90.0
90.0
39.0
38.0
39.0

190.50
208.00
162.00
191.50
2 01.00 210.00
196.50 135.50
199.50 1 5 0 .0 0
199.00 191.00

2,972
869
2,103
279
362
839
357
276

39.5
90.0
39.5
39.0
90.0
90.0
38.0
39.0

129.50
199.00
123.00
198.00
131.00
117.50
118.00
113.00

109.00-195.00
126.50-161.00
103.00-190.00
135.00-160.00
119.00-196.50
99.50-135.50
101.00-123.00
96.00-132.00

6

6

*
-

1 51 .50221.00
179 .50230.00
136 .50- 200.50
l b 8 . 00-209.00
165.00-229.50
123 .50162.50
1 33 .50166.00
12 0 .5 0 166.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC U TILITIES -------WHOLESALE TRA0E ---------RETAIL TRADE --------------FINANCE ----------------------SERVICES ---------------------

•! i

127.50
137.50
120.50
196.O
C
125.50
117.50
113 .C
O
103.00

-

190

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

901
286
28
77
157

39.0
39.0
90.0
39.5
38.5

9
9
9
-

113.50 109.00 100.00-118.50
110.00 107.00
9 9 .0 0 116.00
156.00 139.50 13 2 .5 0 191.50
106.50 108.50 10 2 .5 0 116.50
1C9.G0 103.00 9 7 .0 0 111.50

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRADE •
FINANCE -------------

775
109
671
79

39.0
39.5
39.0
90.0
90.0
38.5

100.00 99.50
98.00 95.00
100.00 99.50
113.50 108.00
100.50 101.00
99.00 99.00

See footn otes at end o f tables,




66

79

120

373

8 9 .5 0 8 9 .0 0 8 9 .5 0 8 9 .0 0 9 3 .0 0 8 9 .0 0 -

22
8

5
5
5

7
7
7
-

82
82
-

335

6

18
169
76
89

97
9
25

109.00 6
106.50
103.50 6
138.50
109.00
101.50 6

8

397

6

6
1
1
—
-

25
25

75
59

-

—

13

6

1

12

97

27

182
32
150
26
89

281
33
298

27
5
16

21
1

2

99
166

5
4

13

8

*

39.0 192.50 138.00 1 2 1 .5 0 162.00
107.00
90.0 162.50 157.50 1 92 .5038.5 129.50 129.50 107.00-131.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING -

-

30
“

29

327
38
289
5
39
106

391
89
302

6

11
88

22

138
19
53
92
29
938
13d
309
38
68

38

119
52
32

118
62
19

19
19

9
9

21

117

93
57

101

101
—

-

28
53

25
29

171
26
195
15
55
58

28
5
23
8

15

21

28
16
5
11

17
5
12
5
3
9

5
“
11
10

8
8

39
31

6

6
12

1

“

8

“

-

10

5
2

6

202

252
39
26
139
8

95

9

5
5
-

10
1C

17
17
“

5

_

1

•

8
2
6

*

101

9
23
29
28
22

309
89
215
57
56
82
15
5

12

163
89
79
19
19
3
39
4

210

120

82
128
56

58
62
31
17

11

38
3

-

-

*

8
-

6
-

8

6

-

-

-

-

_
-

4

12

-

2

*

_
-

-

-

-

-

93
59
39
13
3

95
95
50
29
19

49
30
19
5
2

6
3

12

12

68

60
7
11
6

17
19

2

6
6

4
4
-

i
i

27
25

3
-

9

18
3

-

30

-

1

169

20

-

-

11
1

16

-

-

1

-

2

29

-

2
2

29
-

2

2
2

12
10
2

6

6

-

102

216
150

62

66

20

9
56
l

27
15

-

*

*

101

86

136
113
23
23

76
25

65
21

93
30
13

-

25

9
17

13

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

2
1

2
1
1

-

3
?
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2

1

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

9
9
9

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

•

—

-

-

9

6

~

6

203
192
61
13
27
13

128

20

21

8

171
93
78
35
19

113
51
62
19
18
3
19
3

12
6

22
12
10

21
3
18
5
13

“

2

**

959

19

3

6

1
1

1

9

1
1

9
9

26
17
9

u
9

10
T a b l e A -1. O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s -----C o n tin u e d
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations by in du stry d iv is io n , D e tro it, M ich ., M a rc h 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
s

Average
weekly

Number
of
workeis

$

t

$

$

*

$

t

t

$

i

t

t

*

t

t

$
260

Median 2

(standard)

Middle ranged

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

23G

240

250

70

Occupation and industry division

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

16C

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260 over

10

32
32
-

110

115
62
53
33
13

129

64
33
31
31

81

33
5
33
33

83
3
80
80

1

12

55
55
41
14

1

-

-

I8
35

1
1

12
12

i
i
i

113
64
49
5

143
94
49
15

20

10

14

13
13
-

12
11
1

15
15
-

5

1C
-

22
10
6

10

-

-

-

-

197
26
171
3
5
31
60
72

222

341
70
271
48
54
42
38
89

169
46
123
17
17
24
7
58

61

20
6

60
and
under

and

HEN AND W EN COMBINED—
OM
CONTINUED
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

158.50
148.00
162.00
174.00
138.00

$
160.00
137.50
162.00
165.00
139.00

$

266
754
611
59

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------

852
400
452
91
176
55
106

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
38.5
40.0

148.00
164.50
133.50
174.50
114.50
147.50
118.50

138.50
144.00
130.00
170.00
111.50
141.50
112.50

122.50-166.50
132.50-193.00
105.00-156.50
145.00-211.50
95.00-137.50
127.00-169.50
105.00-134.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------

1,377
425
952
203
97
147
289
216

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

146.00
152.50
143.00
176.00
134.50
131.50
134.50
134.00

141.00
149.00
139.00
186.50
138.00
135.00
135.00
129.00

125.00-159.50
129.50-172.00
124.50-154.00
157.00-189.00
117.00-152.00
124.50-142.00
123.50-145.50
121.50-142.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------

2,195
879
1,316
411
175
138
392

39.5
4C.0
39.0
38.5
40.0
40.0
39.0
38.5

149.50
169.00
136.50
137.50
157.50
118.00
115.50
129.50

143.50
181.00
127.00
125.50
166.5C
119.00
115.50
128.50

120.00-185.50
147.00-194.00
113.00-155.00
112.00-144.50
123.50-194.00
105.50-129.50
1 1 1 . 0 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0
114.50-150.00

MtSSENGERS tOFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS!
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------

589
104
485
85
52
79
164
105

39.0
40.0
39.5
37.5
4C.C
40.0
38.0
38.5

1 1 0 .0 0

104.00 92.0C-121.00
114.50 93.50-129.50
91.50-117.00
1 C2 . 0 0
119.50 108.00-134.50
122.50 95.00-157.00
98.00 89.50-117.00
93.50 87.50-107.50
100.50 96.00-106.00

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------

$
1 ,0 2 0

200

116.50
108.50
128.00
127.50
1 0 2 .0 0

97.00
106.50

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------

8,893
4,632
4,261
750
777
564
1,390
780

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
38.5
39.0

183.00 181.50
203.00
164.50 159.50
174.50 172.00
198.50 207.50
155.50 154.50
150.50 150.00
150.50 144.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

498
287

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

2 1 0 .0 0

2 0 0 .0 0

220.50
196.00
223.00
184.50

205.00
190.00
230.00
186.00

*

211

Workers w ere distributed as follow s:

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




27
71

2 0 0 .0 0

$

129.00-187.50
124.00-174.00
135.00-194.50
152.50-212.50
128.00-152.50

151.50-215.50
173.50-226.00
138.50-186.00
154.50-196.00
168.50-227.00
141.00-172.50
131.50-169.00
127.00-171.00
181.50-243.50
186.50-265.50
175.00-215.00
206.00-245.00
175.00-197.50

10

-

14
1

13

60
17
43
29

21

16
5
5

-

-

1
“

25

1
-

25
25

1

-

56

7

“

57

-

45
2

“

57

2

54

1

19

175
62
113
32

-

-

_

62

-

-

-

-

42

20

-

*

-

-

6

5
4
11

16

-

-

-

-

84
5
79

-

5
-

2

*

“

-

30

161
24
137
37
3
29
26
42

3

7

-

-

137
15

118
16

3

7

122

102

13
4

-

-

-

-

25
25
20

110

16
94

2

24
21

-

-

-

13

-

-

10
20

9
21

11

3

6

50
14

42
37

38
36

-

”

14
14

30

147

_

-

1

-

1

18

22

31
28
269
57
212

36
29
36
64
47
63
13
50
18
2
10
20

20

41
16
3
15
5

9
15
55
167
7
10

39
72
39

14
10
1
1

34

96

1

22

6

33
15

74
72

123
no

11

22
11

46

11

70
70

11
11

24
24

"

36

2

63
31
32

27
17

13

16

18

6

12

10

10
8

8

4
4

99
48
51
5
27
5
14

65
31
34

229
54
175
18
15
49
71

157
60
97

22

12

100

28

156
65
91
16

6

12

i
28

63

35

12

12

25
75
12

19
5
14
1
6

4

3

42
17
25
24

11

12

7
4

6

i

“

5

-

55
35

47
34
13

131

17
17
-

19
19
-

66

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

31
31

160
108
52
52

47
31
16
16

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-•
-

-

-

-

395
355
40
7

138
98
40

205
153
52

13

6

8

20

8

6

123
105

5

25

-

1

24

5
-

1

38

5
9

1
1

91
35
56
-

118
87
31
31

258
192

216
134

66

32

18
48

30
52

2

13

11

2

10

-

1

22

5
7
7

21

4
a
l

-

17

1

-

11

1
1

1

4

9

1

6

2

610
454
156
34
71
5
16
30

773
599
174
49
89
4
16
16

827
565
262
44
175

2

2

7

-

7

681
217
464
50
33
83
199
99

784
209
575
119
53

690
270
423
80
50
61
150
79

753
348
405
103
32
82
118
70

624
331
293
94
39
34

53
57

570
236
334
46
24
46
162
56

24

703
472
231
48
63
36
47
37

_

3

9

1

30

45
16
29

29
23

1

91
46
45

54
32

9

18
5
13

51

3

26
23
3

7
5

-

22
11

6
-

8
11
2

1

1

3

6

13

22

15

3

2

2

1

29

147

3
25

10
89
48

189
44
145
5
18
12

120

214
69

2

21

102

1

“

22

496
45
451
46
23
63
151
163

1

14
”

44
5
39

14
5
38

-

-

8

“

6
-

15
15

‘

45 at $260 to $280; 15 at $280 to $300; 25 at $300 to $320; and 1 at $340 to $360,

10

12

22

24

2

-

•
x

20
2

11

1

27
i

-

7

2

19

12

13
9
9

16

5
7
1

6

6

“

3

-

8

3

2 64
235
29
7
24
1
2

99
*8 6

13
-

11
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s -----C o n tin u e d
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations by indu stry d iv is io n , D e tro it, M ich ., M arch 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Number of worker s receiving straight-time weekly earning s of—
$

$

i

«

workers

Median 2

(standard)

Middle ranged

60
and
under

70

80

70

Occupation and industry division

weekly

80

90

-

-

-

t
90

100

$

%

%
%
i
$
$
130 140 150 160 n

$
$
%
180 190 2 0 0

100

n o

120

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

10

47

67
9
58
-

86

155
17
138
5
14
60
46
13

187
54
133
14
31
38
50

156
69
87
-

115
42
73
7
-

10
12
8

157
53
104
13
39
23
29

126

43
43
13

260
109
151
14
29
24
78

o

i

%

s

210

220

230

210

220

230

240

106
73
33
4
14

141
96
45
16
5

167
146

2
10

2
10

132
77
55
23
13
-

3

12

13

429
333
96
14
57

592
472

669
474
195
18
162

M
EN AND W EN COMBINEDOM
CONTINUED
SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

2,113
1,136
974
82
172

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

4,272
2,512
1,760
246
520
243
539

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

222

272
226

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
38.5
39.0

$
196.00
223.50
167.50
218.00
2 1 2 . 0 0 229.00
154.50 154.00
169.50 167.00
164.00 163.50

$
$
160.00-233.50
185.00-250.00
150.00-199.50
197.50-225.00
166.00-251.00
147.00-169.00
152.50-185.50
142.50-184.00

$
197.00
215.50
176.00
211.50

212

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
43.0
39.5
38.5
38.0

170.50
183.00
199.50
146.50
153.50
155.50

188.00 196.00
2 0 6 .5C
163.50
186.00
209.50
148.00
154.00
150.50

159.00-217.50
185.50-222.00
144.00-199.00
164.00-204.00
185.50-225.50
132.00-160.00
138.00-165.00
136.00-172.50

2,313
697
1,316
544

39.0
40.0
39.0
38.5

150.50
166.50
142.00
135.00

151.50
165.50
142.00
137.50

129.00-171.50
146.50-184.00
123.50-162.00
114.50-152.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACIURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------

1,370
435
935
258
138
153
260
129

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
38.5
38.5

140.50
149.00
136.00
161.00
137.00
128.00
117.00
134.50

136.50
150.00
131.50
158.50
142.00
128.00
114.50
133.00

120.00-157.50
133.00-163.00
115.00-153.00
125.00-195.50
107.50-161.00
117.50-138.50
101.50-129.50
126.00-143.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

3,005
1,794
471
80
207
331

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
37.0

171.50
174.50
167.00
181.50
181.00
142.50
142.00
163.50

174.50
177.00
168.50
185.00
184.50
143.00
142.00
167.50

154.00-190.00
161.50-191.00
144.00-189.00
172.00-195.00
166.50-197.50
127.50-163.00
133.00-152.00
137.50-188.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----- r-----------------

297
165
132

40.0 166.00 179.00 133.50-196.00
40.0 185.00 190.00 176.00-198.50
39.5 142.50 133.00 109.00-181.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

529
69
460
38
53
149
140
80

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.5
37.5

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




1 ,2 1 1
122

2 0 0 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

143.50
116.50
173.50
129.00
109.00
116.00
97.00

117.00
147.00
112.50
181.00
128.50
106.00
115.50
92.50

101.50-134.00
127.50-155.50
100.50-128.50
163.00-188.50
126.00-141.00
102.00-119.50
105.50-122.00
8 8 . 0 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0

“

-

1

-

-

21

1
1

10

26
-

-

_

_

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

26

-

-

-

2
8

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

3
-

_

236
60
176
15

10

12

34
83
44

41
73
35

372
96
276
23
34
55
127
37

190

262
81
181
103

250
91
159
39

102

111

123
34

139
53

135
56
79
17
15
14
25

187
92
95
32

84
48
36
15

72
43
29

22

11

5
7

4
8
8

125

98

267

-

2

21

86

“

246
70

1C4
67

1
-

1
-

91

221

66

1

91

-

34

1
-

1
-

57

8

171
16
155
44
15
33
44
19

185

1
-

80
3
77

77
144
17
14
35
26
52

26
7
19

122

~

-

13
55

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
4
27

-

-

-

293
107
186
15

153
15
138
4
16
41
59
18

96
41

-

-

142

251
133
118
3
16

14
9
18
248
137
111

-

-

14

-

10

6

20

-

2

27
9

67
65

52
27

27
7

18
-

12
8

18
7

20

18

4

11

81

55

22

10

3

“

13

14

-

21

14

2

-

21

14

2

67

113

-

~

4

9
20

404
261
143
11

76
13
14
29

-

4

21
21

33
2

54
27
27
23

60
3
57
54

2

1

8

6

4
4

3

i

-

-

“

-

-

13
4
9

11
-

3

i
-

16
5

8
1

7

n

11
11
-

-

3
3
-

i
i
-

2

564
339
225
33
89

377
211

166
36
82

-

-

-

2

-

242
182
60

127
74
53

2
-

-

1

8

-

-

56

45

-

-

-

-

10

22

5

6

2

8

3

4

-

17
4
13
13

6

_

_

_

-

-

-

5

2

7

5

6

-

2

28

1

-

6
1

4

5

25
49

i

11

7

4
19
4

2

23
33

71
28
14

20

2

1

2

2
121
88

-

6

2

12
-

29
25

-

i

13

8

18
4

26

-

2

3

6
12

8

-

4

60
52

45

1

-

48

1
3
8

-

-

13

47
29
18

21

-

12
-

103

-

-

212
200

1

59

-

5
~

24

22

-

67

-

31
83

10

16

1

-

32

i

120

6

10

-

8

6

39

2

398
318
80
18
51

113

-

39

3

25
4

32

6

21
6

3
4

82
4
78

8

-

55
67
5
16

210
68

8

-

1
1

119
23
3
36
41
16

7
33
7
45
19

-

-

139
77
62
16

41
21

1
-

250

16

125
80

-

225

16

25
25
-

411
302
109
32
62

22

20
-

-

279
166
113
41
26

6

296
147
149
35
17
30
33
34

2

14
14

1

21

20

-

12

5
24
19

2

39
31
15

6

12
-

12

66

60

9

n

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

1
i

-

111

8?
29
2

185
142
43

161
146
15
1

12
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s ---- C o n tin u e d
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations by in d u stry d iv is io n , D e tro it, M ich ., M a rch 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

(standard)

Mean ^

Median *

Middle ranged

t

$

t

teekly'

60
and
under

70

$

S

80

90

100

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
$
$
t
(
t
$
s
t
i
i
t
s
$
no
120
130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 2 1 0
220

t

S

230

240

i

250

260
and

70

30

112.50-137.50
121.50 113.50-130.00
12 6 .5C 111.50-140.00
155.00 131.00-189.00
1 2 2 . 0 0 108.50-138.00
124.50 105.00-134.00
127.00 114.50-142.50

-

-

26

-

22

4

18
4

7

ui

39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

116
71

40.0 222.50 227.00 204.00-247.50
40.0 223.00 232.50 202.50-246.50

-

-

-

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

167
61
106
55

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.5

-

-

-

-

6

1

5

8

-

-

-

-

6

1
1

5

8

1

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------------

69

“

18

18

”

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------FINANCE -----------------------------

368
342
62
238

38.5
38.5
40.0
38.0

119.50 120.50 104.50-130.50
118.50 1 2 0 . 0 0 103.50-130.00
117.00 107.50 98.00-139.00
119.00 1 2 1 . 0 0 106.50-130.00

-

-

3
3
3

63
63
28
27

67
67
7
52

45
37
4
31

97
89
3

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------FINANCE ----------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------

1,171
518
653
109
93
60
301
90

39.5
40. 3
39.0
40.0
40.0
40. J
39.0
37.0

149.50
165.00
137.50
164.00
149.00
130.50

144.50
174.00
129.00
180.00
143.03
131.50
1 2 0 .0 0
118.50
157.00 173.00

119.00-182.50
140.00-187.50
113.00-164.50
137.00-197.00
127.50-174.50
108.00-161.00
108.00-129.50
124.00-183.50

“

-

8

42
4
38

117
26
91
17
19
50
5

139
30
109

127
39

6

i
5

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------FINANCE -----------------------------

2,143
582
1,561
103
180
224
746

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5
43.0
40.0
39.0

118.50
134.00
112.50
137.00
124.50
124.50
105.50

100.50-131.50
109.50-155.50
98.50-123.50
117.00-154.50
96.50-141.00
107.00-142.50
98.00-113.00

-

-

501

322

90

100

no

130

140

150

190

196

115

112

111

48
14
34
4

120

160

220

230

-

4
4
4
-

11

7
4

25

42

170

180

190

200

210

39

23
19
4
4
-

19
13

17
15
2
2

10

240

250

-

-

13
3

13
13

15

12

-

260 over

M
EN AND W EN COMBINEDOM
CONTINUED




$
127.50
126.00
128.50
159.50
124.50
120.50
128.00

O

See footn otes at end o f tables,

888

AO5
483
57
172
99

o
*■

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION ISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

186.50
196.00
181.00
191.00

199.00
199.50
197.00
205.00

162.50-212.00
185.00-212.00
155.00-212.00
175.00-212.50

38.5 123.50

99.50

90.00-149.00

1 1 2 .0 0

127.50
107.50
137.50
126.00
124.00
104.50

_

-

-

4

8

8

73
34
39
11

1

2

35
*

62
3
59
-

435
35
400

49

58
29
182

6

90
26
64
37

21

1

78
27
13
36

85
13
36
13
23

94
9
33
33
15

-

-

-

i

12

111

86

390
3
9
36
272

236
25
3
22

163

11

6

33
9

11
8

68

88

2

67
13

8

8

269
77
192
14
46
37
52

i

3

1
1

4

14
5
9
5

15

50
45
7
36

21

20
20

80
30
50
7
5
13
24

109
32
77
5
32

10

18
16

4
3

6

5

9
7

9
3

11

4

-

6

7

6

24
17
7

2

3

i

2

8

4

2

124
48
76
7
18
19

3
3

1

9
9
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
5

5
4

-

-

-

-

-

12

4
3
i
-

1

6

15

2

1

18
4
69

6

38
27

_

_

6

i

16

-

20

11

31
27

7
5
-

1

1

11

14
9

“

“

”

~

"

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

13
5

2

51
36
15
7
3
i

34
4

2

-

12

7

6

9

37

1

-

-

-

-

-

“

153
44
109
17

117
53
64
13

46
37
9
5

57
51

21

18
15
3

_
-

_

-

_

-

7
14

18
15
3

-

-

-

-

-

11

20

2

1

8
6

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

50
18

31

45
19
26
6
2
12

no
68

42
5
11

204
136
68

15
16

99
67
32
31
-

20
12
8
8

-

7

n

6

11

i
i

-

-

2
2

-

5

6

5

13
T a b l e A - 1 a . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —la r g e e s ta b li s h m e n t s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or m ore by industry division, Detroit, Mich., March 1973)
W
eekly earn gs *
in
(standard)
Ni
Occupation and industry division

t

%

Average

60

weekly

of

(standard)

M l
ean

M
edian^

M
iddle ranged

$

%

$

70

80

90

100

80

90

100

Numbe r of vworker s rec eiving straight-time weekly earning of—
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
s
i
$
$
$
t
%
%
no
120 130 140 150 160 170 160 190 200 210 220 230 240 250 260

110

and
under
70

and
120

130

140

39

8

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

8

8
8

220

230

240

250

193
150
43

101
76
25

86
65

14
3
11
11

10

1

16
14

10
10

13
13

-

-

-

260 over

M
EN ANO W EN COMBINED
OM
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
111
79
-

i

*91^
423
W
55
i

17'
429
62

$
$
$
136.00 124.50 113.00-149.00
39*0
40.0 115.50 117.50 107.00-125.00

8

8

40.0 207.50 211.50 184.0C-234.00

5

8

151.50-223.50
/ n o J! ! * nn 186 00
39 5 1'9*50 144.00 131.00-173.00
39.5 142.00 142.50 126.50-160.00

5

8

39.5 139.50
156.50
33*^ 128.50
39.0
39.5 118.00
39.0 110.00

138.50 118.00-159.00
151.50 135.CO-177.50

LLLKKji I lL l f L L A jj L

319
291
38
164
187
51

7

34

69

34

3
66

33

54

59

1

12

25

1 0 3 .5 0 - 119.00
39.5 117 00
39.0 109.00 i o b I oo 102 .00-11 3.0C
106.00 1 0 1 .5 0 112.50
39.5
92.0C-1C7.50
39.5 100T50 97 0^ 91.50-107.00
124.50 117.50 107.50-140.50
98.00 96.50 92.00-106.00
3 *5
-_
38.5 152.00 167.50
39.5 171.00 161.50 153*50-195.00

1
1

73

3

-1
cn 1 / • rvn
>
1 ^0 00 1^4* *"0
39.5 142.50 138.00
135.00
39.0 135.00 136.50

39.5

3 '’ T
664
263

1,450
727

39.5 162.00
179.50
39.5 144.50
183.00

12 7 .0 0 1 3 5 .5 0 12 6 .0 0 12 4 .5 0 1 25 .50-

128
87

32

5

9

112
39

195

161

71
f?

9
103
88
8

99
16
47

34

62

'O
34
3
1
-4

35
23
£
g
121
xl
/Q
26
1

a

39.5 116.50 111.50 94.00-127.50
40.0 121.00 120.50 105.50-135.00
39.5 115.00 109.00 93.50-125.00
139.50 128.00 117.00-145.00

62
13
35

22
15

17
12

10

7

J

8

ro

42

8

18
18

40
38

39.5 102.00

99*50

92.00-112.00

..
44

2

1

32
3

44

29
12

..
ax
^0
15

114
63
51
24
12

160
136
24

127
102
25

1

3

34
29

26
17
9
8

11

5

4i
41

28
65

16
10

141

11

31

38

102

nc
27
129
3

1Z7
117
11

20

62

32

48
13
35
1

62
13
49
18

47
20
27
16

99

2J
*
-

1

43

30

136
113
23

81
32
aa
77
1c

g

66
54
12

59
44
15
1

1

3
1

27

1

8

1

8
8
1
1

,n

"-T
5f»
aj
4

46
16
30

66

1
65

1
86

60
41
19

3

'i
1

32

8

1 2 4 .0 0 192.50
17 1 .0 0 197.00
11 2 .5 0 187.00
17 3 .5 0 200.50
10 4 .0 0 - 126.50
116.00 111 .50-122.00

339

50
26
24
15

8

1
11

24

10

13

3

1

176.00
184.50
127.50
189.00

'
39.5 l \ J . i n
11, ‘
j

252
59




112
94

63

163.00
179.50
152.50
142.00
146.50

j 3.
1Z

See footn otes at end o f tables.

11

H

23

/ o n 1 cn nn 1 3 "i 00 110.50-187.00
/n n
176.00
- 117*59
98.50-129.50
40.0 107.50 99.00 92.00-126.00

i

106

MESSENGERS (OFEICE BOYS AND G IRLS)-

33
23

9

19
19

8
8

8
8

1*
2

21
17

fT
17

3

43.0 202.00 202.50 182.50-222.00

215

_ ..........

zz

22

3
1

3

51

10

7
3

3

23

2

10
_ ______

7
7
*

7

147.00 136.50-156.00
116.50 10 2 .0 0 136.00
106.50 1 01 .00121.00

??
rr
19

3

5

39.5 158.00

104

15

8

34

-7
/

139
70
39
19
20

3

17
8
170
44
126
49
69
36
20

16
1

8
8

13
10
3

22

109
8
101

17
17

19
19

42
35

258
192

216
134
52

160
108
52
52

47
3!

88
48

2

13

11

1
1

~

2

10

1

1

/

33
28

*54
59

Q
-N
60
32

5
56
35
21
21

17
3

15

7

1

38

9
9

1
118
87
31
31

16

12

**

1
17
11

12

5
1

1

1
20

8

-

-

14
T a b l e A -1 a . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — la rg e e s t a b li s h m e n t s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s ----- C o n tin u e d
(A v e r a g e stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and ea rn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e lected occupations in estab lish m en ts em p loyin g 500 w o rk e rs o r m o r e by indu stry d iv is io n , D e tro it, M ic h ., M a rc h 1913)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

S

Mean A

Median ^

Middle ranged

%

t

60
and
under

70

»

80

$

90

Number of workers rec eiving straight-time we ekly e arnings of—
i
t
(
i
t
i
$
t
$
$
110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210

$

100

$

230

s

i

t

220

240

250

260
and

70

80

-

“

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

24C

250

260 over

-

14

46

-

14

47
5
42
4

209
32
177
40
1
49
66

241
67
174
27
4
39
66

315
111
204
38
12
50
85

453
175
278
93
19
72
83

457
197
260
72
21
42
107

523
262
261
99
19
51
68

470
286
184
86
24
20
48

620
446
174
40
61
24
33

548
418
130
24
66
5
11

721
564
157
40
89
4
16

800
560
240
44
173
2
8

395
355
40
7
22

205
153
52
12
37

11

138
98
40
10
24
3
1

1

1

1

1

3

6

16
7
9

16
12
4

21
8
13

12
6
6

19
8
n

12
5
7

18
9
9

16
8
8

97
*86
ii

113
84
29
8
5
2
10

119
72
47
23
13

167
146
21
6
10

in
82
29
2
24

6

5

1

585
466
119
30
83

65 5
474
181
18
160

212
200
12
12

8
6
2
2
-

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED—
OM
CONTINUED
SECRETARIES -------------MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE ----FINANCE -------------

6,464
3,964
2,500
638
596
379
681

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

$
195.00
207.00
175.50
177.00
213.00
154.50
155.50

$
198.00
2C9.50
171.50
173.00
218.00
154.00
155.50

$
$
165.50-223.50
185.50-228.00
148.50-203.50
156.50-197.00
198.50-228.50
137.00-172.50
135.50-174.00

-

-

-

-

“

40.0 236.50 2 4 0 .5C 200.00-268.50
40.0 253.00 263.00 218.00-281.50
39.5 212.00 212.50 182.50-241.50

-

-

46

-

-

-

3
11

10
35

5
30

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

260
157
103

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------

4 0 .C
40.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5
39.5

219.00
230.00
197.00
223.00
243.50
160.50
178.00

225.00
232.50
195.50
223.00
248.00
158.50
182.59

194.0C-25C.00
209.00-252.50
164.00-229.00
213.0C-231.00
230.50-253.50
151.00-176.00
162.00-199.00

-

~

-

FINANCE -----------------------------------

1,362
913
449
55
111
78
137

*

“

“

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

3,604
2,293
1,311
219
460
228
308

4C.0
40.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5
39.5

194.50
204 .5C
176.50
187.00
206.00
145.50
154.0C

201.50
210.00
174.00
188.00
213.50
145.00
154.50

171.50-219.50
192.00-224.00
148.50-208.50
172.00-208.50
1 9 5 .50-22 6.0C
131.CO-161.00
141.50-165.50

“

“

“

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

1,238
601
637
219

39.5
40.0
38.5
39.5

161.00
170.00
152.50
138.CO

162.50
170.50
157.09
138.50

144 .00-17 9.C
O
156.00-187.00
131.03-172.50
113.00-164.50

-

-

-

11
11
11

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

1,017
383
634
241
75
122
160

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
4 0 .C
40.0
39.5

145.00
150.CO
141.50
161.50
153.G
O
128.50
116.50

142.50
151.00
137.00
159.00
151.53
129.50
114.00

123.00-161.00
134.00-164.50
117.00-158.00
131.00-195.50
140.50-164.00
117.00-140.50
104.50-126.50

-

1

i
i
i

*

1
1
“

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

2,546
1,696
850

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.5

175 .5C
176.50
173.00
149.50
141.00

179.00
178.50
180.50
145.00
140.00

161.50-192.00
163.00-192.00
153.00-192.00
140.00-166.00
132.50-149.50

-

_
-

40.0 175.50 185.50 157.50-197.50
40.0 185.00 190.00 176.50-198.50
40.0 157.50 158.50 130.50-188.00

-

-

RETAIL

TRADE

--------------------------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------ *

66

185
252
164
68

*
Workers were distributed as follow s:
44 Workers w ere distributed as follow s:
See footn otes at end o f tables,




1
1

-

1

1

3

6

22
8
14

25
1
24

17
6
n

28
9
19

41
8
33

56
13
43

67
28
39

77
42
35
3

96
61
35
4

6
18

3
7

6
6

27
1

i2
15

8
16

6
21

5
22

98
73
25
3
9
2
8

186
55
131
15
9
41
57

219
81
138
14
16
40
62

208
86
122
10
19
24
67

234
121
113
31
17
30
27

247
160
87
41
24
6
15

389
287
102
32
60

408
321
87
14
57

*

-

~

-

-

_
-

9
3
6
4
2

93
10
83
41
30

136
19
117
10
3
34
35

8

1

2

1

“

40
34

37
2
35
28

90
21
69
18

87
42
45
24

98
47
51
22

193
86
107
20

187
98
89
25

200
105
95
24

130
77
53
11

119
86
33
2

21
16
5
“

11
8
3
*

7
6
i
“

4
4
-

1
1
-

19
19
19

62
3
59
1
13
45

121
16
105
44
1
19
39

135
55
80
14

145
57
88
17
14
28
19

107
50
57
17
15
14
5

162
82
80
32
20
14
4

76
48
26
11
11
3
3

54
38
16
9
7

52
27
25
23
2

58

13
4
9
8
i

7
7
7
-

3
-

55
54
l

3
-

i
i
i
-

-

-

10
7
3
2

61
21
40
10
26

122
46
76

190
117
73
20
50

200
137
63
7
31

330
241
89
13
10

396
317
79
10

525
339
186

348
210
138

240
182
58

119
74
45

2
2
-

10
10

2

14
6
8

12
12

12

2

16
7
9

16
10

24
22

8
5

8

3

29
25
4

_
-

2

47
29
IB

60
52

6

3
3
3
“

1
1

3

29
26

6
66

45 at $260 to $280; 15 at $280 to $300; 25 at $300 to $320; and 1 at $340 to $360.
65 at $260 to $280; and 81 at $280 to $300.

8

4

3

3

-

185 161
142**146
43
15
5
1
36
14
1
-

“

40

“

”

6
6
5
1

-

262
235
27
2
24

2
1
1
1
-

4
3
1
1
-

2
2
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

i
i

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

15
T a b l e A - 1 a . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — la rg e e s ta b li s h m e n ts : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s ----- C o n t i n u e d
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs of w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations in estab lish m en ts em p loyin g 500 w o rk e rs o r m o r e by in du stry d iv is io n , D etro it, M ich ., M arch 1973)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of

%

Average
weekly
(standard

Mean *
■

Median ^

Middle ranged

s

%

60

70

t

t

80

90

3

100

*

no

3

S

120

130

S

1*0

t

3

$

150

160

170

3

i

t

180

190

200

%

210

%
220

3

3

230

2 *0

3

250

an d
un der

70

260
an d

80

100

110

h4

120

130

44

90

150

160

10
25

1*0

18

2-6

02

170

180

^
3

2

190

200

2 1C

220

230

2 *0

250

260

over

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

M
EN ANO W EN COMBINED-OM
CONTINUED
j , wI

TCI lb0ARD CP CRAT0Rj

f

CLAS^ Q
52

rUOL■C U11LI 1 1Lj
1 *2

b5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

1” C
*0 .0 1*9.50
39.5 122.00
173.50
3 9 ^ 5 109.00
39.5 113.50

$

$

151.50 1*0.50-159.00
10 3 .0 0 137.50
188.50
181.00 16 3 .0 0 1C5.00 101.50-120.00
125.00
111.50 10 3 .0 0 -

1

0

l

8
8

i

.

9

50

* 0 .0
* 0 .0
* 0 .0

1*2.50 133.50 1 13 .00179.00 1 21 .00- 185.00
132.00 130.50 i o * . o o - i * e . o o

103
6b

* 0 .0

1
8

6*
H
>

25
13

23
6

15

1*

15

21

11

5

J

7
11
10

3

*

1

6

6

13
13

£

6

1

22*.50 Z 3 j » >0

133

-

5

7

8

7

10

2

3

10

2
1

13

17

6

TABULAT1NG-MACHINE OPERATORS,
201.50-2*6.50

1

13

13

20

13

11

15

TABULATING-M4CH1NE OPERATORS,
189.50 199.50 165.00-212.00
it

39.5 185.00 1 9 9 . 5 0 161.00-212.00
39.5 191.00 205 .0 j 175.00-212.50

1
1

5
j
1

8

1*

8

1

*

5

£

?
j?

11

2*
17

25

*0

11
1*

29

12

11
27

2

|

TKANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
115.00 116 .5C

ii*

" rr^MANUTACTURING

084

156.00
169.50
14C.00
164.00
110. j O

16*.50
178.50
128.00
182.50
110.00

879
70
71

/n n ' • /
>
'0 0
139.50
* 0 .0
116.0C
39.5 137.50
* 0 .0
151.5C

115.00
139.50
111.00
1*4.00
150.00

550

r-.rn.er ,

NONMANUFACTURING
WHOLESALE TRADE

39.5 105.50 105.00

1,327
---------------------------------------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f tables,




22

18
Xi

*05
91
190
Twr. , r r p

99.50-126.00

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
3 .5

12*.50-185.00
1*9.00-188.50
113.50-178.50
1*0.00-196.50

21

63

3

17

3

t4

59
17
32

99
21
78

99.50-113.50

35
13*

-

-

43

-

-

-

-

43

99

58
30
28

1O
rt

00

27

5*

32
22
3

24

GO

no
1 1 1 .0 0 163.00
101.50-128.00
1 2 0 .0 0 154.00
1 3 7 .0 0 156.50

87
31
56

36
12

67

31

170

78

*1
*2

*3

2*5

J

79
17

7

18

11

20

T9
139

52

10

1

206

9*

19
8

68
26

199
136
63
15

99
67
32
31

12
12

11
11
1

2
J

117
53
6*
13

-

1

3

8

18
15
3

18
15

7
2

2
1

6

3

3

5*

51

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
T a b l e A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations by indu stry d ivisio n , D e tro it, M ic h ., M a rc h 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of

Occupation and industry division

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
90

Mean ^

Median 2

Middle ranged

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290 over

-

-

i
i
-

15
8
7

15
5
10

28
28

31
13
18

10
13

48
13
35

30

-

7

10

16

10

3

6

28
11
17
5
2

28
8
20
7
3

47
27
20
17
1

23
14
9
2
“

20
19
1
1
“

23
17

23
2
19

22
17
5
3
“

30
22
8
5
“

13
10
3
3
*

50
38
12
10

31
26
5
1
3

37
28
9
1
8

29
24
5
2
3

26
15
11
4

25
15
10

_
-

7

11
9
2
“
2

and
under
100

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
412
192
220
50
77

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

$
219.50
237.00
204.50
244.50
180.50

$
220.00
244.50
200.50
237.00
177.00

$
$
191.50-253.50
211.00-271.00
174.50-227.00
228.00-269.00
162.50-202.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

836
360
476
55
96
57
137
131

39.5
40.0
39.5
38.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.0

189.00
208.00
174.00
184.00
208.00
171.00
155.00
166.50

178.00
212.00
164.50
192.50
211.00
176.00
154.00
163.00

157.00-220.00
172.50-240.50
150.50-187.50
149.00-208.50
167.50-248.50
162.50-183.00
140.50-169.00
153.00-180.50

*

_
*

1
1
1

18
18
1
17

62
25
37
7
5
1
15
9

76
15
61
8
9
25
19

67
14
53
10
9
2
23
9

126
27
99
17
5
23
54

86
32
54
10
21
17
6

55
14
41
1
2
15
5
18

31
15
16
4
3
2
3
4

63
30
33
17
2
1
7
6

42
33
9
5

2

1

*

“

“

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

468
267
201
54
59

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

170.00
185.50
149.00
175.50
120.50

168.00
196.50
141.00
169.00
120.00

136.00-204.00
154.00-212.00
131.50-164.50
137.50-209.50
105.50-136.50

11
1
1
LI

12
12
12

30
23

60
6
54
18
13

41
10
31
-

26
8
18
5
i

12
3
9
-

13
9
4
1

68
63
5
2

53
40
13
11

38
35
3
3

8
6
2
2

2
2
-

-

-

-

4

13
10
3
3

-

-

7

22
12
10
2

25
20

7

34
20
14
5
6

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S --------------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

438
214
224
34
60
83

40.0
40.0
40.5
40.0
41.5
39.5

272.CO
287.50
257.00
278.00
249.00
244.00

269.50
288.00
254.00
279.50
249.50
239.00

247.00-298.00
265.50-306.00
232.50-278.50
266.00-308.00
234.00-262.50
226.50-261.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

13
4
9
2
7

4
4
2
1
1

20
1
19
19

43
43
17
16

29
7
22
13
8

43
17
26
1
10
10

62
37
25
12
9

40
19
21
10
4
4

34 *141
22 102
39
12
14
2
1
2
6
3

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

664
345
319
75
107

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

235.00
244.00
225.50
263.50
204.00

2 32.50
244.50
223.00
262.50
201.50

208.50-255.00
222.50-264.00
202.00-244.00
240.00-293.50
183.00-226.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

340
184

40.0 228.00 230.00 198.50-264.50
40.0 218.50 213.50 185.50-257.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

470
177
293
65
84

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.0

337.50
357.00
325.50
340.00
291.00

332.00
367.00
313.50
370.00
298.00

296.50-378.50
306.00-400.50
291.00-375.50
287.50-404.00
271.50-305.00

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

802
411
391
61

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.5

306.00
320.50
291.00
260.00

305.50
329.50
282.00
256.00

2 6 7 .0 0 -3 5 1 .0C
285.50-360.50
253.00-329.00
245.00-273.00

3

-

5

3
-

-

5

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------

*
**
t
to $440;
tt

W orkers
W orkers
W orkers
and 9 at
W orkers

w ere
w ere
w ere
$440
w ere

distributed
distributed
distributed
and over.
distributed

See footnotes at end o f tables




-

-

-

7

8
5
3
3

_
-

7

1
3

5

6

5
“

10
“

_

_

_

_

_

*

-

“

*

-

4
4
-

-

17
17
5
12

35
18
17
8

39
18
21
19

19
5
14
12

61
17
44
i
17

53
19
34
1
7

37
49
38
4
10

67
27
40
8
10

91
66
25
6
6

42
22
20
11
“

32
24
8
4
4

28
19
9
6
*

21
12
9

_

_

_

-

-

14
10

7
3

8
8

15
12

16
9

10
8

18
13

31
24

28
12

24
11

20
11

21
6

27
13

28
10

30
13

15
9

-

_

3
—
3
3
-

2

3

-

4

8

3

-

4
—
4

8
-3
3

18
9

—
3
-

29
7
22

2

5

20
12
8
5

29
4
25

5
3
33
11
22
9

28
12

17 t381
4 158
13 223
1
49
7
51

9

46
16
30
12

68
45
23
7 **22
2

61
23
38

22

38
7

49IT467
22 294
27 173
3
8

as follows:
as follows:
as follows:

41 at $ 290 to $300; 58 at $300 to $320; 23 at $320 to $340; 9 at $340 to $ 360; and 10 at $360 and over.
7 at $ 290 to $300; 12 at $300 to $ 320; 2 at $320 to $340; and 1 at $340 to $360.
44 at $ 290 to $ 300; 73 at $ 300 to $ 320; 42 at $320 to $ 340; 29 at $340 to $ 360; 90 at $360 to $ 380; 37 at $ 380 to $400; 38 at $400 to $420; 19 at $420

as follows:

41 at $290 to $300; 89 at $300 to $320; 84 at $320 to $340;

102 at $340 to $ 360; 94 at $ 360 to $ 380; 43 at $ 380 to $400; and 14 at $400 to $420.

17
T a b l e A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s — C o n t i n u e d
(A v er ag e str aigh t-time weekly hours and earnings of w or k er s in se le ct ed occupations by industry division, Detroit, Mich., March 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

_

_

Occupation and industry division

weekly
hour;1
(standard

of
work ere

90
Mean -

Median*

Middle range*

j

100

and
under
100 110

t

110

Number of w o r ke rs re ce iv in g st raight-time wee kl y earnings of—
i
*
i
i
t
i
t
t
j
*
*

s

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

$

240

t

25 0

$

260

t

t

270

280

290
and

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290 ove r

7
7

13
4
9

17
10
7

17
6
n

13
6
7

12
5
7

13
10
3

25
20
5

46
38
8

36
33
3

27 *129
26
96
1
33

7
5
2

24
10
14

53
26
27

27
23
4

41
24
17

38
34
4

67
58
9

64
57
7

122
94
28

141
131
10

98t2371
95 2357
14
3

47
43
4
2
2

140
136
4

39
31
8

4

8

2
2

3
3
-

2
2
-

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED—
CONTINUED
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NGNHANUFACTURING --------------------------

355
254
101

$
$
$
$
39.5 273.50 273.00 247.50-308.50
4C.0 281.00 278.00 262.50-312.00
39.0 255.00 245.00 213.00-300.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------

3,053
2,914
139

40.0 319.50 3 2 7 .5C 295.50-355.00
40.0 323.50 331.00 302.00-356.00
40.0 239.00 241.00 218.50-266.00

-

-

_

-

-

-

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFAC TUR INC , ------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------SERVICES -------------------------------------

1,071
668
403
93
288

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
4C.0

231.00
241.50
214.50
203.50
219.50

231.00
244.00
211.00
199.50
219.50

202.00-258.00
214.00-274.00
191.50-237.00
189.50-221.00
199.00-245.50

-■

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------------SERVICES -------------------------------------

620
427
193
55
119

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

199.00
211.00
172.50
188.00
166.50

198.00
216.00
173.00
188.50
167.00

168.50-236.00
182.50-250.50
151.00-191.00
168.50-207.50
147.50-189.00

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

4

25
17
8
4

-

-

-

-

OKAFISMEN—TRACcRS ------------------------------

121

40.0 183.00 187.00 166.00-196.50

ELECTRONICS

CLASS A----

110
486

4 0 .0

434
52

40.0 217.50 219.50 1 9 9 . 5 0 - 2 3 7 . 0 0
3 9 . 5 214.50 219.00 195.50-241.50

-

-

3

13

-

3
3
-

13
3
10

64
36
28
2
24

87
37
50
16
27

80
44
36
24
12

92
27
65
18
34

88
47
41
3
38

102
56
46
10
36

105
79
26
3
23

65
38
27
7
20

119
67
52
2
50

42
21
21
3
18

15
2
13
3
8

43
23
20
6
14

34
7
27
3
24

44
36
8
3
5

50
7
43
14
16

77
56
21
8
13

41
30
11
3
8

46
36
10
5
5

30
27
3
3

33
29
4
4

24
24
-

105
105
-

-

-

12

21

15

22

37

9

4

1

-

-

-

-

1

i

68

1

3

3

1

62
59
3

60
51
9

68
64
4

61
57
4

71
58
13

24
21
3

14
14

40.0 250.50 229.00 226.50-287.0C

Industrial
( r e g i s t e r e d ) ---------------------------------------------

_

nur

S'.s .

TECHNICIANS,

m a n u f a c t u r in g

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

*
t

Work ers
W or ke rs

were
we r e

distributed
distributed

as follows:
as follows:

See footnotes at end of tables.




2 1 7 .5 0

2 1 9 .5 0

1 9 9 .0 0 - 2 3 7 .5 0

-

-

“
“

*

1
1

“

*

12
9
3

27
23
4

44
42
2

42
36
6

24 at $ 290 to $ 300; 49 at $ 300 to $ 320; 37 at $ 3'20 to $ 340; 15 at $ 340 to $ 360; and 4 at $360 to $ 380.
141 at $ 290 to $ 300; 512 at $ 300 to $ 320; 590 at $ 320 to $ 340; 535 at $ 340 to $ 360; 485 at $ 360 to $ 380; and 108 at $ 380 and over.

-

-

27
27
-

-

_
“
-

3
-

-

6

23

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
T a b l e A - 2 a . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s ta b li s h m e n t s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of w orkers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 w orkers or m ore by industry division, Detroit, Mich., March 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earning s of—
t

Average
weekly

Under
Mean 2

(standard

Median ^

Middle ranged

s

110

120

%

i

$

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

*

210

220

i

$

230

260

250

260

270

280

290

and
under

$

110

120

300

and
130

160

150

1

15

1
-

8
7

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

260

250

2b0

270

280

290

8

17

22
13
9
6

13
2
11
7

16
11

44

18
16
6

20
19
1

23
17
6

20
17
3

29
22
7

2

28
8
20
3

*

-

-

-

-

-

19
10
9

53

62
33
9

69
38
11

11
9
2

25
15
10

_

_

-

4

22
15
7

-

37
28
9
i

28
26

-

31
26
5
1

i

-

-

-

-

-

8
6
2

2
2

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_

-

60
19
21
10

36
22
12

36
21
15

*96
76
18

2

3

5

8

25
19
6

13
6
7

56
39
15

6

-

21
12
9
2

30
13

15
9

18
9

10

18
15
13

135
152
26

300 over

HEN AND W M
O EN COMBINED
$

$

$

227.00
262.00
208.50
177.00

233.00
268.50
208.00
173.50

196.00-265.50
221.00-272.50
176.50-235.00
160.50-196.00

-

-

-

“

197.00
212.00
181.00
175.00

192.00
217.50
175.00
156.50

162.00-230.00
176.50-266.00
152.C 0-205.00
166.00-2C7.5C
162.00-171.50

-

1

-

-

-

-

$

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------FINANCE -------------------------------------------------

315

177
138
61

60.0
60.0
39.5
39.0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -----------------------------

622
322
300
67
125

39.5
60.0
39.5
38.5
39.5

398
261
137

60.0 175.00 188.00 161.00-207.00
60.0 185.00 196.50 153.00-212.50
39.5 155.50 169.00 133.00-173.00

393

60.0
60.0
60.5
60.0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------------

199
196
28
Cl

D

276.50
291.00
257.50
262.50

272.50
289.00
257.50
277.00

•P

uU

236.00
266.50
225.50
201.50

-

11

30
23
7

17
16
56
22
36

61
26
37

63
16
29
1

-

10
3

-

-

7

8

12

63
20
23
7
15

60
10
30
8
19

69
16
35
10
23

-

-

23

17

26
6
20

36
10
26

22
12
10

26
8
18

12
3
9

13
9
4

3
3
3

-

-

12
-

11
11

-

a

18
8
10
10

10

-

29
20
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

i

62
57
5

20
33
17

r

5

-

1
1

47
60
7

38
35
3

25
20
5

13
10
3

11
4

6
-

7

6

20
1
19

21
21

2

2

29
7
22
-

627
365
282
107

60.0
60.0
60.0
39.5

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

311
155

60.0 236.00 235.00 203.03-268.00
60.5 228.50 22 8 .0C 197.00-266.00

209.50-256.50
222.50-266.00
202.50-266.00
183.00-226.00

-

-

-

-

6

-

6
-

-

-

-

-

16

8

6

“

7
3

12
12

33
18
15
8

39
18
21
19

19
5
16
12

53
17
36
17

65
19
26
7

82
69
33
10

67
27
60
10

91

-

-

-

-

19

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------FINANCE -------------------------------------------------

-

27
17
1

2
2

10
7

16
9

10

18
13

23
16

28
12

26
11

20
11

21

12
-

8

8

5

5

5
-

3

1

J* Ub

236.00
266.00
226.50
206.00

252.00-299.00
266.50-307.50
236.50-279.00
226.00-297.00

1

-

66

25
6

6

63
17
26
1
10

57
32
25

37
22
15

32
26

-

-

27
13

28
10

-

-

-

3

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
367.50
72
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------------------------

8

39.5

681

60.0 313.50 315.00 271,00-357.00

270

262.50-367.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

10

20
12
8

16
12

36
16
18

13

12

13

25

10

20

29
11

18

15

16

17

13
10

10

13

53
23
30

63
22
21

22
19

66
38

33

61

37 t396
26 270
126
13

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
365

15

10

n
°

*
**
$440 and
f
ft
j'

Workers
W orkers
over.
W orkers
W orkers
W orkers

7T2

'0 0

3°7 50 3 33

^

0

6

15

$300to $320; 21 at $320 to $340; 8 at $340 to $360; and 8 at $360 and over.
$300to $320; 31 at$320 to
$340; 29 at $340 to $360; 86 at $360 to $380; 37 at $380 to $400;38 at

36

38

57 at
39 at

were distributed as follows:
were distributed as follows:
were distributed as follows:

71 at
$300to $320; 72 at $320 to $340; 102 at $340 to $360; 94 at $360 to $380; 43 at $380 to $400; and 14 at $400
48 at
$300to $320; 37 at $320 to $340; 15 at $340 to $360; and 4 at $360 to $380.
510 at $300 to $320; 589 at $320 to $340; 535 at $340 to $360; 485 at $360 to $380; and 108 at $380 and over.




26
26
”

were distributed as follows:
were distributed as follows:

See footn otes at end o f tab les.

36

$400

65

to $420;
to $420.

78

19 at

87

92

8

80
24

141 1 Z Z 2 7

$420 to $440; and 8 at

19
T a b le A -2 a .

P r o f e s s io n a l a nd te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —la r g e e s ta b li s h m e n t s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s -----C o n tin u e d

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or m ore by industry division, Detroit, Mich., March 1973)
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

s

t

$

110

Average
weekly
(standard

Mean

^

Median

^

Middle ranged

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

2D
C

210

220

230

240

$
250

120

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workcre

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

16
2

49
15

56
22

55
17

57
30

79
51

88
79

65
38

Under
and
t
110 under

*

$

t

*

*

t

%

260

270

280

290

300

260

270

280

290

too

over

87
67

47
43

140
136

39
31

12
12

15
15

and

M
EN ANO W EN COMBINED—
OM
CONTINUED
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U TILITIE S -----------------------------

an
558

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------------

440
343
97
55

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS A-----NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




93

$
$
$
$
40.0 239.50 240.00 213.50-270.50
4 0 .C 251.00 252.50 230.50-276.00

-

-

-

-

-

—

—

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

2

16

24

18

3

10

3

7

2

2

-

-

-

-

193.00-250.00
200.50-251.50
152.00-190.00
168.50-207.50

-

4

4

9

-

-

9
3

3

6

3

3

8

33
29
4
4

2
2

-

41
36
5
5

105
IC5

-

33
30
3
3

24
24

4

64
56
8

-

21
7
14
14

_

-

22
15
7

30
27

4

18
3
15

a

-

18
2
16

2

-

7
2
5

90

40.0 236.50 228.00 226.00-230.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

1

6B

i

421
369
52

40.0 221.50 224.00 207.00-240.50
40.0 222.50 224.50 208.00-240.00
39.5 214.50 219.00 195.50-241.50

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
9

1

-

-

3

23
17
6

68
64
4

61
57

“

18
16
2

60
51

-

17
13
4

40. C 203.50 199.50 189.50-221.00
40.0
40.0
39.5
39.5

214.00
226.00
171.CO
188.00

216.50
227.50
168.50
188.50

52
49
»

9

3
3

L

3

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

71
58
13

24
21
3

i

3

6

-

3

14
14
*

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by sex

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s b y in d u stry d iv is io n , D e tr o it, M ic h ,, M a rc h 1973)
Average

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
[standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------

808
572
236
169

40.0
40.0
39.5
40 .0

$
214.50
220.00
200.00
206.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------

255
72
183
50

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

147.00
164.00
140.50
133.00

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------

571
80
491
477

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

181.00
186.50
180.00
181.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------

103

40.0 222.50

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS) ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -----------FINANCE --------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

281
68
213
35
56
75

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5
38.5
39.0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

88
54

39.5 224.00
40.0 221.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 6 --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ------------

88
55
30

40.0 189.50
40.0 188.00
40.0 201.00

115.00
121.50
113.00
141.50
98.50
98.50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

SECRETARIES ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------FINANCE -----------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------

8,868
4,617
4,251
741
776
564
1,390
780

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
38.5
39.0

182.50
200.00
164.00
174.00
198.50
155.50
150.50
150.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------

493
287
206
71

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

210.50
220.50
195.50
184.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------FINANCE ----------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------

2,103
1 , 131
972
81
171
222
272
■ 226

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
38.5
39.0

197.00
215.50
175.50
210.50
212.00
154.50
169.50
164.00

39.0 1 1 1 . 0 0
39.0 109.00
39.5 106.50
38.5 103.00

CLERKS, FIL E , CLASS C --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

750
99
651
77
368

99.50
39.0
98.00
39.5
39.0 100.00
40.0 116.50
40.0 100.50
99.00
38.5

CLERKS, ORDER ——----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

449
186
263
134
59

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0

129.50
131.00
128.50
148.00
138.00

4,260
2,502
1,758
244
520
243
539
212

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
40.0
39.5
38.5
38.0

187.50
200.00
170.50
182.50
199.50
146.50
153.50
155.50

749
317
432
79
176
106

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------FINANCE ----------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

138.00
147.00
131.00
174.00
114.50
118.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------FINANCE -----------------------------

2,012
697
1,315
544

39.0
40.0
39.0
38.5

150.50
166.50
142.00
135.00

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

146.00
152.50
143.00
176.00
134.50
131.50
134.50
134.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------FINANCE ----------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------

1,368
433
935
258
138
150
260
129

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
38.5
38.5

140.50
149.00
136.00
161.00
137.00
128.00
117.00
134.50

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5
40.0
40.0
39.0
38.5

149.50
169.00
136.50
137.50
157.50
118.00
115.50
129.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------FINANCE ----------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------

2,998
1,790
1,208
122
468
80
207
331

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
37.0

171.50
174.50
167.00
181.50
181.00
142.50
142.00
163.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------- ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

290
161
129

39.0
40.0
39.0
39.5
38.5
38.0




OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W
OMEN— CONTINUED

361
271
77
144

396
99
297
89
129
53

See footn ote at end o f tables.

Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS B --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

39.5 155.50
39.5 160.50
39.0 142.50

1,405
571
834
127
154
199
220
134

standard)

39.0 141.00
40.0 164.50
38.5 121.00

169
118
51

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRAOE ---------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

796

342
252

Weekly

68

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

124.50
132.50
122.00
122.00
114.00
134.00

2,717
797
1,920
218
312

Number
of
workers

125
57

119
109

•

39.5
40.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
40.0
38.0
39.0

$
127.50
142.00
121.50
144.50
130.50
116.00
118.50
112.00

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE I ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— CONTINUED
OM

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------39.0 140.50
SERVICES ---------------------------------39.5 139.50

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - W EN
CM

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------39.5 172.00
RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------40.0 189.50
FINANCE -----------------------------------39.0 160.001
SERVICES ---------------------------------39.5 185.00
40.0 195.00
39.0 142.00 MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------38.0 147.50
FINANCE -----------------------------------39.0 143.00

120

425
951

38.5 105.00
38.5 105.00
38.0
96.00

40.0 165.50
40.0 185.00
39.5 141.50

21
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , by s e x -----C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occupations by in d u stry d iv is io n , D e tro it, M ic h ., M a rc h 1973)
Average

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— CONTINUED
OM

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

Weekly

workers
(standard)

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.5
37.5

120.00
143.50
116.50
173.50
129.00
109.00
116.00
97.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------FINANCE -------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------

694

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

880
397
483
57
172
99
111

39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

127.00
124.50
128.50
159.50
124.50
120.50
128.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------FINANCE --------------------------------

376

79
51
25

39.5 183.00
39.0 173.50
39.0 179.50

TRANSCRIB1NG-MACHINE OPERATORS,
38.5
38.5
40.0
38.0

119.50
118.50
117.00
119.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------ ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRAOE ---------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

1,161
510
651
109
92
60
300
90

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.0
37.0

149.50
164.50
137.50
164.00
148.50
130.50
120.00
157.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

2,142
581
1,561
103
180
224
746

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5
40.0
40.0
39.0

118.50
134.00
112.50
137.00
124.50
124.50
105.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

See footnote at end of tables,




361
169
192
73

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.0

220.00
238.00
204.00
179.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U TILITIE S
WHOLESALE TRADE FINANCE

--------------------

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

307
387
29
78
53
117
110

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5

155
53

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.0

389
191
198
30
55
70

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
41.5
39.5

221

542
281
261
33
64
85

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

192.50 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------212.00
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------177.00
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------218.50
218 .CO DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------171.00
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------154.50
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------165.00
PUBLIC U TILITIE S ----------------------------SERVICES -----------------------------------------------170.00
184.00 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------------------------149.50
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------120.00
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ----------------------------SERVICES -----------------------------------------------274.00
292.00 DRAFTSHEN-TRACERS --------------------------------------256.50
281.50 ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -----------------------248.50
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------243.00
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS A237.50
248.00
226.50
229.00
262.50

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS BMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

3,039
2,906
133

$
40.0 319.50
40.0 323.50
40.0 239.50

1,048
659
389
92
275

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

232.00
241.50
216.00
204.00
221.50

605
416
189
55
117

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

199.50
211.50
173.50
188.00
166.00

127

176.50

156

40.0 236.50

no

40.0 250.50

59

253.00

o
o

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

368
342
62
238

o c c u p a tio n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

o
o

529
69
460
38
53
149
140
80

TABULAT1NG-MACHINE OPERATORS,

Sex,

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN— CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------------

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN— CONTINUED

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ----------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------FINANCE --------------------------------

Average

Number

2 1 6 .0 0

■P

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

O
o

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

2 0 6 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - W EN
OM
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S t C L A S S A -----------

51
142
53
89

39.0 170.00
40.0 186.00
38.0 161.00
169.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C - NONMANUFACTURING -

257
138

40.0 233.00
40.0 222.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------WHOLESALE TRADE --------FINANCE ----------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -----------

92

445
170
275
64
79

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.0

338.00
358.50
325.00
341.00
291.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

122
64
58

40.0 223.00
40.0 226.50
40.0 219.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ------FINANCE ----------------------

732
399
333
65
52

40.0
40.0
39.5
38.5
39.5

309.50
321.00
296.50
279.50
264.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C --------------------------

83

40.0 212.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

70
58

39.5 268.50
39.5 259.50

302

40.0 281.00
40.0 287.50
39.0 263.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

220
82

o

Number
of
workers

•P
o

Sex, occupation, and industry division

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C --------------------------

53

39.5 232.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! ---MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

449
398
51

40.0 217.50
40.0 218.00
39.5 214.50

22
T a b le A - 3 a . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts :
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s , by sex
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s in e sta b lish m en ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u stry d iv is io n , D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a rc h 1973)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

W eekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
( standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

634
516
118

40.0 224.50
40.0 224.50
40.0 223.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------

68

40.0 176.50

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------------------

60

■*
P
O
o

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— CONTINUED
OM

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS) ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

151
63

88

40.0 129.50
40.0 124.00
39.5 134.00

77

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITIE S ---------------------

88
55
30

40.0 189.50
40.0 188.00
40.0 201.00

129
107
79

39.0 134.00
39.0 129.50
40.0 115.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING — -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

701
396
305
69

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

1,120

100
53
415
705
166
427
62

990
327
663
147
262

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

1,445
720
725
254
133
123

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5

162.00
179.50
144.50
183.00
115.50
116.00

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

188
164
54

SECRETARIES -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

6,444
3,949
2,495
634
595
379
681

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

192.00
205.00
175.00
181.00
148.50
141.00

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.0

137.50
154.00
127.50
146.00
118.00

110.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

39.5 106.00
39.0 105.00
39.5
99.50
39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

194.50
207.00
175.50
176.50
213.00
154.50
155.50

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

185

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.5

175.50
176.50
173.00
149.50
141.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

245
160
85

40.0 175.50
40.0 185.50
40.0 157.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U TILITIE S
RETAIL TRADE -----FINANCE --------------

310
52
258
38
142
55

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION ISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

125
75
50

40.0 139.50
40.0 144.50
40.0 132.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING —
RETAIL TRAOE -----FINANCE --------------

2,539
1,692
847

66

71

39.5 157.50

186
113
97

39.5 114.00
39.0 107.50
39.0 106.50

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS C --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

299
276
36
164

39.5 100.50
39.5 100.00
39.0 121.00
39.5
98.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

1,237
601
636
219

39.5
40.0
38.5
39.5

161.00
170.00
152.50
138.00

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

127

100

37.5 131.50
37.0 124.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

340
132
208
106

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

1,015
381
634
241
75

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

145.00
150.00
141.50
161.50
153.00
128.50
116.50

126.50
149.50

122.00
173.50
109.00
113.50

71

39.5 189.00

25

39.0 179.50

114
93

40.0 115.00
40.0 111.50

874
471
403
91
189

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

156.00
169.00
140.00
164.00
118.50

1,326
447
879
70
71
188
550

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5

124.00
139.50
116.00
137.50
151.50
124.50
105.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------FINANCE ---- --------------------------

280
159

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.0

226.50
242.00
206.50
176.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------FINANCE -------------------------------

515
272
243
105

3,592
2,283
1,309
217
460
228
308

1,355
SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------908
447
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------54
PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------110
WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------78
RETAIL TRADE----------------------------•
'
FINANC E----------- -----------------------137

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS B --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

129.50
150.00
116.50
107.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U TILITIE S ------------

40.0 236.50
40.0 253.00 TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------39.5 212.00
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------40.0 219.00
40.0 230.00 TYPISTS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ------39.5 196.50
39.0 221.50
NONMANUFACTURING —
40.0 243.50
PUBLIC U TILITIE S
FINANCE -------------39.5 160.50
39.5 178.00
TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------40.0 194.00
NONMANUFACTURING --------40.0 204.50
39.5 176.50
PUBLIC U TILITIE S -----39.0 186.50
WHOLESALE TRADE ------RETAIL TRADE ------------40.0 206.00
39.5 145.50
FINANCE --------------------39.5 154.00

260
157
103

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS A ---------------------




standard)

rtJMEN— CUN! 1NUtO

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

$
147.50
158.00
142.50
131.50
135.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

See footn ote at end o f tabb

Weekly

196.50

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - W EN
OM
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

40.0 223.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

121
57

40.0 202.00
40.0 216.50
39.5 185.00
39.5 156.50

23
T a b l e A - 3 a . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts :
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , b y s e x ----- C o n t i n u e d
(A v e r a g e

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in

s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

D e tr o it,

M ic h .,

M a rch

1973)

A v erage

Average

Average
S ex,

b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n ,

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
[standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
[standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - W M
O EN

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

$

$

117

^ *5

l f l 7*oc
153.50

624

..

in i
.

r I NANCE

be

$
40.0 317.00

^50
J u .O

n

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

186.50
163.00

39* *■ 309*50
38.5 279.50

62

275.50
70 0
40^5 257.50
39.5 244.00

220

60

/n n
* *

A n n ''QO 00
' 0 0 287.50
39.5

64
50

40.0 226.50
219.50

251.00

70

*0 .0

223.00

57

3 9 .5

270.50

182.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
* 2 * j}

U K A r1jP t N t

LLAjj

0

248.00

5%9
^n

TINANCC

2
UK A r 1

o

Uj I N c j j i

LLAoj

L

122

LLA j j

PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------------

*

^

*
-

v»

•^0 0 237 00
40.5 229.00

n

95
55

'0 0
39.5 172.00
39.5 188.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
348.50
40.0 363.00
39*5

fo o tn o te




at

end

of

t a b le s .

53

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! ---160

S ee

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS A----

90

40.0 236.50

39 5 232.00

384
333
51

40.0 222.50
223.50
39.5 214.50

24
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o ccup a tio n s :

H o u rly e a rn in g s
(.

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations by indu stry d iv is io n , D e tro it, M ich ., M arch 1973)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

1
M ean*

Median2

Middle range 2

J

I

I

l

I

S

I

$

$

$

%

$

$

$

3.90 4.0 0 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4.90 5.00 5.10 5.20 5.30
Under
*
and
3»90 under

*
*
5.40 5.60

*
*
5.80 6.0 0

$
t
t
6.20 6.40 6.60

4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.5 0 4.60 4.70 4.80 4.90 5.00 5.10 5.20 5.30 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 over
M
EN AND W EN COMBINED!
OM
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

684
126
36

$
5.68
5.75
5.29
4.82

$
5.91
5.92
4.87
4.81

$
5 .3 4 5 .3 8 4 .7 3 4 .7 2 -

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

3,936
3,679
257

6.07
6.11
5.56

6.15
6.16
5.74

6 .1 0 - 6.21
6 .1 1 - 6.21
5 .1 5 - 5.80

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------FINANCE -------------------------------SERVICES -------------------------------

800
560
240
103
63

5.83
6.12
5.13
5.22
4.99

6.03
6.10
5.04
5.05
5.01

5 .2 6 5 .8 8 4 .7 1 4 .7 5 4 .2 7 -

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

582
525
57

5.82
5.91
5.01

6.01
6.01
4.30

5 .9 1 - 6.06
5 .9 2 - 6.06
4 .2 5 - 6.03

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ---

493
386
107
93

4.56
4.43
5.04
5.14

4.44
4.34
4.99
5.00

4 .1 8 4 .1 5 4 .9 3 4 .9 4 -

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------

2,496
2,496

6.06
6.06

6.14
6.14

6 .0 4 - 6.28
6 .0 4 - 6.28

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

1,272
1,228

6.06
6.08

6.14
6.15

6 .1 0 - 6.18
6 .1 1 - 6.18

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------

2,141
1,090
1,051
689
270

5.76
5.90
5.61
5.70
5 .5 0

5.93
5.96
5.76
5.82
5.82

5 .6 0 5 .8 4 5 .1 3 5 .1 8 5 .0 5 -

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------SERVICES -----------------------------

4,481
4,136
54

5.87
5.88
4.45

6.12
6.12
4.28

5 .7 6 - 6.17
5 .7 9 - 6.17
4 .2 3 - 4.37

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

4,190
4,149

5.89
5.89

5.98
5.98

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

706
663

5.69
5.71

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

2,595
2,568

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------------------TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-----------------------------------

NONMANUFAC1URING ---------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -------------

*

Workers

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




810

$
5.96
5.96
5.94
4.87

6.24
6.29
5.70
5.69
5.09

4.92
4.80
5.34
5.35

6.06
6.03
6.20
6.30
6.02

-

-

-

4
4
4

6
6

1
1

5

-

2

“

10
5

-

4
4

6
6

*

6
-

2

30
30

4

5

3

36
34
2

66
66
-

3

”

2
2
-

72
72
“

36
34
2

”

—

1

60
28
32
32
“

64
56
8
5
“

200
179
21
8

90
90

_
-

-

27
27

25
25

29
29

147
142
5

294
275
19

-

_
_
-

_
-

67
20
47
45

-

-

_
*

_
-

27
27

_

-

-

170
170

57
57

87 1368
87 1368

”

7
7

50
50

9
9

68
64

101
79

115
8
107
95
-

40
5
35
23
-

55
36
19
1
6

87
21
66
51
10

250
153
97
67
13

566
469
97
35
61

35
22

178
178

57
56

95
92

“

*

219
183
8

412
412

189
189

6
6

10
10

31
24
7

41
34
7

-

5
5
-

-

35
12
23
4
18

2

-

55
3
52
50
“

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

2

40
40

60
54
6
2

44
44
44

21
21

18
18

26
26

_
"

45
45

“

15
15

18
“

-

6
6

“

40
4
36
28
-

31
31
28

5

7
1
6
6

73
4
69
3
63

5
5

61
60

65
64
1

70
70

51
51

28
28

_

11
10

10
10

17
15

-

21
21
-

2

-

2
2

—

2

4

6

17

8

7

13

23

2
1
-

4
1
3

6
-

17
4
13

8
3

7
7
“

13

23
23

27

12

130
130

2

2

4

-

-

-

2

2
2

-

2

5 .9 0 - 6.05
5 .9 0 - 6.05

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

~

5.91
5.91

5 .6 0 - 5.95
5 .6 1 - 5.96

11

-

_

-

5.88
5.89

5.96
5.96

5 .9 0 - 6.02
5 .9 0- 6.02

-

644
613

5.88
5.90

5.95
5.95

5 .9 0 - 5.99
5 .9 1 - 5.99

-

-

-

-

-

-

7,463
7,462

6.15
6.15

6.29
6.29

6 .2 1 - 6.35
6 .2 1 - 6.35

-

-

-

51
51

-

-

13

-

5

-

-

_

-

-

5

*

3

6
6

-

-

30
30

“

_

12

_

*

-

27

-

_

_

5
5
128
128
“

“

1
1

10
10

6 .8 0

to

$7;

2

at

$7

2

to

$ 7 .2 0 ;

5

5

34
2

-

-

-

6

5

-

5

-

44
44

26

at

an c

11

5

$ 7 .2 0

to

$ 7 .4 0 ;

-

3

“

134
134

at

$ 7 .4 0

.

3

-

1

33
33

33
28

42
42

6
6

-

52

“

48

69
69

128
128

30
30

.

1

90
87

1
1

25
24

63
63

10
10

11
11

3
3

648
648

61
61

and

over

469
433
36
“

101
88

-

7 136
1 *128
6
8
4
7
*

12
12

-

-

_
*

621
621

55
55

12
12

818
818

28
28

88
88

64
64

530
387
143
63
80

230
1
229
229

11
1
10
10
“

21
21
14
“

292 2664
208 2644

359
218

1
1

24
24

“

*

121
121

14
14

15
15

“

83 1503 1663
76 1496 1636

118
118

-

42

2

5

“ •

73
66
7

29
14
15
4
-

48
48
“

2

2

19
19
“

57
57

2
2
-

37
33
4

1

902
890
12

27
15
12
2
~

45
10
35

5

3

3
3

"

213 2076
213 2037
39

221
104
117

5
5
“

“

4

1
1

22
12
10
“

17
16
1

50
48
2
“

_

18
18

“

-

16
16
14

2

14

-

5

-

174
170
4

i
i
-

102
102

3

7
7
-

3

“

“

28
26
2
*

-

4
4
-

35
33

26
24
2

2

“
14

3
3
“

8
4
4
3

16
16
16

6

8
8

5

31
1
30
10

10
10

7
7
*

-

_

-

-

695
687

90
90

_

383
367

113
113

1
1

20
20

35 8
358

192 5680
191 5 6 8 0

132
132

421
410

165 1290
165 1283

-

“

9
7
6
6
_

66
66

25
T a b le A -4 a .

M a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b li s h m e n t s :

H o u r l y e a r n in g s

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings of w o rk e rs in se le c te d occupations in establish m en ts em p loyin g 500 w o rk e rs o r m o re by industry d iv is io n , D e tro it, M ich ., M arch 1973)
Hourly earnings ^

N u m ber o f w o rk ers

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

%

t

40

$
5 .5 0

i

5 .1 0

i
5

TTn J e r 4 . 4 0
U d
an d
$
4 40 u n d er

5 .6 0

5 .7 0

5 .8 0

$
5 .9 0

6 .0 0

(
6 .1 0

t
6 .2 0

6 .3 0

*
6 .4 0

t
6 .5 0

4 .5 0

5 .1 0

5 .2 0

5 .3 0

5 .4 0

5 .5 0

5 .6 0

5 .7 0

5 .e o

5 .9 0

6 .0 0

6 .1 0

6 .2 0

6 .3 0

6 .4 0

6 .5 0

over

2
2
-

1
-

16
14

44
-

425
389

-

36

-

3
3
-

3
3
-

i
i
-

_

9
6

1

8
7
1

44

2

7
4
3

7
6

1

93
93
-

1
-

16

24
24
-

16

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

48
48

-

10

17
10

156
152

10
10

7
6

42
41

127

62
62

157
156

1919

872
860

12

*

12

57
57

57
57

25
15
10

2
-

15
9
6

10
5

27
27

1
1

4

14

5

-

-

3

13
1

106
104

66

i

2

-

12
12

10

11
11

-

10

-

9
9

3

-

_

_

-

-

57
57

61
57

82
77

i

%

%

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

6
-

11
1
10
10

16
-

6

%

s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f ----

$
5 .3 0

%

s
4 .5 0

r ec e iv in g

$
5 .2 0

s
4 .7 0

4
-

S

t

i

HEN ANO W EN COMBINED
OM
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTUKING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------

686
600
86

$
5 .7 6
5 .8 1
5 .4 1

$
5 .3 9 5 .7 5 -

4 .8 2

$
5 .9 2
5 .9 3
5 .5 5
4 .8 1

36

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -------------manufacturing -----------------------------

4 .8 0 4 .7 2 -

5 .9 5
4 .8 7

“

4
4

3 ,7 1 3
3 ,5 1 8

6 .1 1
6 .1 3

6 .1 6
6 .1 6

6 .1 1 6 .1 1 -

6 .2 1
6 .2 1

1

-

*

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

516
442
74

6 .1 4

6 .1 3
6 .1 6
5 .4 9

5 .9 9 -

6 .3 0

8

1

6 .2 5
5 .5 1

6 .C 3 5 .1 4 -

6 .3 5
6 .1 7

i
-

3

1

i

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

495
469

5 .9 4

6 .0 2
6 .0 2

5 .9 5 5 .9 4 -

6 .0 6
6 .0 6

11
9

MACHINE-TOOL o per a to rs , toolroom —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

2 ,2 3 6
2 ,2 3 6

6 .1 4
6 .1 4

6 .1 5
6 .1 5

6 .0 9 6 .0 9 -

6 .3 1
6 .3 1

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1 ,2 2 9
1 ,1 8 5

6 . 39
6 .1 1

6 .1 4
5 .1 5

6 .1 1 6 .1 1 -

6 .1 8
6 .1 8

_

5 .8 6

5 .9 6
5 .9 7
5 .8 7
5 .5 2

5 .8 2 5 .9 0 -

6 .0 4
6 .0 4

13
-

433
277

5 .9 3
5 .6 9
5 .5 5

5 .4 3 5 .2 1 -

6 .0 8
6 .2 2

13
13

23
23

-

24
24

”

1
6
6

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

3 ,5 6 7
3 ,2 9 5

6 .0 7
6 .C 6

6 . 14
6 .1 4

6 .1 0 6 .1 0 -

6 .1 8
6 .1 7

2
2

-

11
1C

21
21

26
26

MILLWRIGHTS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

4 ,0 3 6
3 *9 9 5

5 .9 1
5 .9 1

5 ,9 8

6 .0 5
6 .0 5

30
30

-

-

-

5 .9 8

5 .9 1 5 .9 1 -

•

*

1
1

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

593
557

5 .7 5
5 .7 5

5 .9 2
5 .9 2

5 .7 2 5 .7 8 -

5 .9 6
5 .9 6

1

1
1

11
10

10
10

17
15

-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

2 ,4 1 1
2 ,3 8 4

5 .9 2
5 .9 2

5 *9 6
5 .9 6

5 .9 1 5 .9 1 -

6 .0 3
6 .0 3

-

-

-

-

8

“

*

“

“

“

21
21

SHFET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

633
607

5 .8 9
5 .9 1

5 .9 5
5 .9 5

5 .9 0 5 .9 1 -

5 .9 9
6 .0 0

-

-

_

6

2

"

“

“

TOOL AND DIF MAKERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

6 ,2 3 1
6 ,2 3 0

6 .2 6
6 .2 6

6 .3 1
6 .3 1

6 .2 5 6 .2 5 -

6 .3 6
6 .3 6

-

-

-

_

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------

1 ,4 4 9
1 ,0 1 6

* Workers w ere distributed as follows:
See footnotes at end of tables




5 .9 3

$
5 .9 6
5 .9 6

5
3
2

3

i
X
-

_

_

“

■

25
21

-

2
-

5
-

-

2

5

“

-

-

-

_

-

3
3

-

45
45

-

_

_

-

-

3

3

3

-

18

-

24
-

-

_
-

-

2

*

10
10

23
-

2

-

-

-

13
12
1

“

-

3

-

7
7

44
44

1
1

3
3

_

134
134

1881

_
-

6
_

-

-

6

_

_

-

-

-

940
940

81
81

540
540

35
35

32
32

22
22

79 6
796

27
27

i
i

55
55

91
91

467

15
-

60
-

i

60
60

1
1
-

55
11

143
139

280
261

14
14

43
43

19
19

428
42e

2
2

35
63

16
16

4C

153
86

395
377

67
35

18

4

28
5

38
36

50

27

23
23

2
1

3
47
46

18
9
5

-

15
15

70
70

-

-

6
6

29
28

14
14

44
4 1

28
6

47
47

186
114

71
59

342
342

2310
2290

217
217

142
1

1
1

1

_

-

112
112

364
364

-

129
129

14

69
64

1363
1359

1633
1606

30
30

-

12

140
137

121
121

14
14

1

28
28

33

27
27

5

7
7

19
6

54
54

367
356

-

_

_

5

1
1

-

-

-

-

107
107

16
16

6

6

10
10

50
50

107
106

1183
1177

694
686

1
1

84
84

6

_

4
3

21
21

35
19

348
348

110

“

i
i

3
3

-

2

6

40

10

2

6

40

10

129
129

1

-

“

-

-

28

52
48

66

“
2

-

i

66

“

84
31

2

38

42

5

6

2

38

42

5

6

“

-

5
4

21
19

1 at $6.50 to $6.60; 25 at $6.60 to $6.80; 49 at $6.80 to $7; 2 at $7 to $7.20; 26 at $7.20 to $7.40; and 7 at $7.40 and over.

“

387
80

110

2
2

155
154

-

_

i
-

118
*1 1 0
8

_

2
2

-

3

90
90

2

5
3

”
-

_

11

-

7
-

_

“

i

-

_

20
20
20

_
15
15

8
6

_

6
-

_

-

i
i

2314

3348

124

2314

3348

124

20
20

8
8

26
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l a nd m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings of w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations by industry d ivisio n , D e tro it, M ic h ., M a rch 1973)
Hourly earnings ^

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Num be r o f w o rk e rs
*
2 .9 0

M ean2

Median2

Middle range 2

U n d er
S
2 .0 0

r e c e iv in g

s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s

of—
s

~i-------- *
*
2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0

S
3 .0 0

$
3 .6 0

3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

S
4 .2 0

s

3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

%

2 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

*
4 .8 0

*
5 .0 0

*
5 .2 0

S
5 .4 0

5 .6 0

$
5 .8 0

6 .0 0

$
6 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

over

3977
26
3951

50
-

21
-

121
-

79

89
9

33
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

80

11

13

1503
203

22
-

43

190
158
32

4
4

12

166
152
14

620
607

121

45
34

152
109

21

28
3
25

50
38

50

~

22

“

“

“

-

-

-

3

38

42

64

9

2

142

158

607

1503

4

-

-

"

-

138
91

76
65

10
-

28
-

10
-

1
-

2
-

10
-

28
4
-

10
-

%

%

$

t

an d
un der
2 .2 0

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
$
3 .4 7
4 .8 6

$
2 .5 9
5 .0 2

$
2 .5 4 4 .9 0 -

$
4 .9 7
5 .0 9

13
-

209
5

20
-

2 .7 1

2 .5 5

2 .5 2 -

2 .5 9

13

204

20

2 ,5 7 2

4 .9 2

5 .0 2

4 .9 2 -

5 .1 0

-

-

-

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

7 ,5 5 0
2 ,6 8 1
4 ,8 6 9

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING -------------------------WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING --------------------------

-

109

3 .6 2

3 .9 5

2 .5 9 -

4 .3 2

-

5

-

26

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------FINANCE --------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------

1 1 ,8 3 4
6 ,6 7 9

4 .0 2
4 .5 3
2 .7 5
4 .4 1
4 .5 2

-

4 .5 5
4 .5 7
3 .1 5
4 .5 2
4 .5 6
3 .0 7
3 .4 1
2 .8 9

1112
4

139
-

1043
-

389
80
309
-

1108
-

2 .6 5
3 .1 5
2 .7 2

8
2
5
6
6
2
0
5

450
22
428
-

2 .8 1
3 .0 6
2 .6 1

.7
.3
.2
.8
.1
.3
.7
.1

1051
8

1 ,3 5 2
451
2 ,7 4 3

2
4
2
3
3
2
2
2

139
-

5 ,1 5 5
413
196

3 .6 9
4 .3 1
2 .8 3
4 .1 9
3 .8 9

249
12
167

180
46
83

178
81
849

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING --------

9 ,1 9 1
6 ,5 1 2
2 ,6 7 9
762
1 ,1 0 6
776

4 .3 9
4 .3 1
4 .5 7
5 .7 6
4 .4 0
3 .7 2

4 .6 4
4 .6 2
4 .7 6
6 .0 2
4 .7 1
3 .6 0

3
3
3
5
3
2

.7
.8
.6
.4
.7
.7

3
3
9
4
2
7

-

4 .8 2
A . 76
5 .3 7
6 .0 6
4 .7 9
5 .1 2

146
55
91

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------

27
-

26
178

5

112

834

22
-

61
25
36
-

-

39
10
29
-

-

29

26

74

20
-

_
-

42
-

-

42
42

-

-

3

45

-

20

10

408
77

528
299
229
6

375
267
108

425
306
119
41

327
232
95
52

344
311
33
20

4486

536

5
20
72

7
20
49

4172
314
196
3
117
10
1

521
15

6
40
70
107

322
121
201
58
-

*

182
128
54
-

70
17
53
-

114
57
57
-

233
206
27
-

46

53

57

3
24

-

22

-

677
103
574
6
15
138
33
382

22
-

-

331
5
13
115
83
115

-

4 .9 8
4 .7 6
5 .2 1
4 .9 7

-

-

20
-

5 .2 3

4 .1 5 -

5 .2 6

-

20

2 .8 8 3 .7 8 2 .8 5 -

4 .7 6
4 .7 4
4 .7 9

-

_

-

-

-

-

10
10
-

5
5
-

4 .5 4

4 .3 0
4 .5 2
3 .5 3
4 .7 9

4 .7 0 -

4 .8 5

-

“

-

“

-

-

“

1 ,0 0 6

4 .4 5

4 .8 8

-

23

4

4 .1 4

-

4 .9 5
3 .0 6

3 .9 8 2 .4 3 -

5 .5 2
4 .0 5

-

-

41
41
-

34

4 .0 5
4 .7 2
3 .2 5

4 .9 6
4 .7 9

-

488
179
186

4 .0 8 3 .1 4 -

34
-

“

41

28

23
14
9

609

4 .9 5
4 .9 8
4 .9 6

4 .9 0 4 .9 1 4 .9 1 -

5 .0 2
5 .7 5
5 .7 2

-

-

283
211

4 .8 5
5 .0 4
4 .9 6

-

18
1

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----

2 ,0 6 7

4 .7 1

4 .8 4

4 .7 8 -

4 .8 8

TRUCKORIVERS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------FINANCE -------------------------------SERVICES -------------------------------

1 0 ,1 0 9

5 .2 8

5 .3 4

3 ,1 8 3
6 ,9 2 6

4 .9 3
5 .4 4

3 ,7 6 1
1 ,6 2 2

5 .8 1
5 .0 8

1 ,1 2 1
73
349

5 .3 2
3 .6 5
3 .9 2

5 .1 1
5 .5 2
6 .1 1
5 .5 0
5 .3 9
3 .9 9

ORDER FILLERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------

3 ,7 3 4
579
3 ,1 5 5
2 ,6 5 1
423

4 .5 8
4 .5 6
4 .6 8

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------

2 ,5 4 7
1 ,0 1 8
1 ,5 2 9

3 .9 4
4 .3 1
3 .6 9

760

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




4 .5 6
4 .4 9

4
4
4
4

.7 3
.7 1
.7 5
.7 2

4 .3 3

4
4
4
4

.0
.2
.0
.0

5
8
3
0

4 .9 7 4 .6 3 -

5 .8 2
5 .1 9

5 .2 7 5 .3 6 4 .4 8 -

6 .1 2
6 .1 6
5 .6 0

5 .2 6 -

5 .5 5

3 .3 5 3 .0 6 -

4 .1 5
4 .3 7

-

-

_
-

18
4
14
14

89
89
84

32
16
16
14

“

-

5

2

741
-

17
17

7

28

1108
894
214
-

521
233
288
-

148
46
102
-

368
318
50
24

156
58

255
33

42
60

213
210
3
-

26

3

73
29

*

7

49
44
5
4

191
136
55
55

70
55
15
14

108
-

22
22

4

18

-

-

-

4
4
-

4

21

4

4

2

8

14
43

4

4

_

7

19

22

-

-

16
16
14

2
2

2

4

-

102

4

-

1
1

18
15

451
65
386
379

195
21
174

77
56

“

“

10

10

24

10

1

2

837
775
62

2638
2244
394
-

1295
1253
42

421
29
392
-

126
-

92

71
-

14
-

472
-

-

14

391

42

145
247

71
57
14

472
472
-

551

-

551
488

-

11
36
15

108
102

-

-

-

30
27
19

107
77

59
30
-

92
80
-

21
3
-

460
55

12
-

-

18

20

26

13

18
6

-

20

-

15

5

1

-

7

405
173

205
178

1377
1090

390
90
300

244
100
144

2229

80

27
27

1845
105
1740

1320

232

696
481
215
48
166

165
122

300

-

-

93
36
15

18

90

47

130
239

4

1

2

2
162

1
84

-

6
23

“
1

-

-

16
31

4
5

20

7

12
10

-

7
1

22

201

20

41

26

4

13

1

4

-

1449

2

-

_

-

231

179
369

-

*

15

19
406
359

1
13

2

-

-

39

24

-

“

144
54

-

39

3

51

4

24

-

198

2

-

1

3

-

“

2
2

318
103
103

37
6

-

*

1
1
-

*
41
39

8

16
7
9

-

“

”
31
24

-

3

27

-

_
-

2

-

-

9
9
-

11

18

12
186

“

-

-

-

_
-

4

6

31

6
6

-

-

36
14
14

35
5
30

-

*

-

-

-

-

“

394
32
362
362

-

38

221
221

632
4C9
223
223

38

4

-

83
83
-

4

-

612
320
292

180
179

-

2

-

-

”

221

52
33
19

18
15

14

612

“

54

-

*

“

1

-

-

“

21
-

-

-

12
80
72
8

21

-

51
10
41

3

126
126
-

1022
366
656
638

4

-

1
46

13
-

211
34
177
177

136
38

2

-

2

-

-

“

2

1
-

1

-

136

3
12

90
17
73
64
9

741

102
-

11

47
-

-

11
1
-

“

-

1706

9
183

-

1

“

287

1224
6
510

40
40
16

331
989

9
480
500

-

51
51
39

*

-

52
2177

80

2090

80

60

-

20

1

7

27
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s — C o n tin u e d
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings of w o rk e rs in se le c te d occupations by industry d iv is io n , D etro it, M ich ., M arch 1973)
Hourly earnings^

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
T ,
T
2.00
Under
M ean2

Median c

$
%
S
S
2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
$
$
$
I
(
$
$
%
$
$
%
3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00

$
%
5.20 5.40

s
s
5.60 5.80

l
$
6.00 6.20

Middle range *

2.00

under

_______ 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 over

HEN AND W EN COMBINED—
OM
CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------

1,048
341
707
73
179

$
4.40
4.25
4.47
3.65
3.54

$
4.36
4.08
4.92
3.99
3.08

$
3 .9 8 4 .0 3 3 .7 2 3 .3 5 2 .7 7 -

$
5.23
4.52
5.27
4.15
4.34

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------*
WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------------

2,128
687
1,441
572
144

5.20
4.80
5.38
4.72
5.12

5.43
4.88
5.78
4.46
5.34

4 .4 0 4 .1 5 4 .4 7 3 .9 7 4 .5 9 -

6.11
5.44
6.14
5.73
5.38

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------------

5,119
1,377
3,742
3,021
512
188

5.55
5.15
5.69
5.77
5.37
5.48

5.38
5.15
5.56
6.11
5.54
5.51

5 .1 8 5 .1 1 5 .3 5 5 .3 5 5 .5 0 5 .3 5 -

6.12
5.18
6.14
6.15
5.59
5.56

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ---------------

2
~

2
2
“
-

_

4
A
4

-

“

38

51
10
41

38
1
13

41

-

-

-

-

30
30
4
26
5
5

_

14
14
1
13

8
8
7
1

22

4
4

6

9
9

-

5

1

2
2

-

22
7
15

6
6

74
9
65
10
*

22
21
1
1

85
3
82
81

115
26
89
84

39
39

7
7

92
20
72
5
63

46
39
7

188
172
16
16

118
71
47
23
4

210
22
188
170
18

24
18
6
-

15
15

39
39

37

14
14

203
172
31
31

619

5.06

5.02

4 .6 5 - 5.25

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ------------ 10,944
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------- 8,982
NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------1,962
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------228
WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------831

4.64
4.64
4.63
4.73
4.80

4.80
4.78
4.83
4.75
4.83

4 .6 1 4 .6 2 4 .0 9 4 .0 5 4 .6 4 -

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORICLIFT) --------------------------------------

965

4.61

4.76

4 .7 1 - 5.21

-

-

-

-

-

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------

945
536
409
106
237

3.87
3.39
4.49
4.54
4.59

3.99
2.70
4.35
4.83
4.38

2 .6 6 2 .5 4 3 .9 7 3 .9 7 3 .7 8 -

-

-

55

126
126

90
90

See footnotes at end of tab les.




4.36
4.85
5.24
5.45
4.90

4.72
4.40
5.08
4.90
5.28

6
6
-

ISO
180

15
15

-

72
-

72

76
26
50
11
”

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

313
50
263

311
257
54

183
131
52

257
243
14

37

54
-

2

15
-

1C

105 1618
62
43 1618
- 1610
36
7
8

81

98

120

105

~

542
412
130
-

2979
2734
245
12
175

4537
4225
312
-

180
141
39
-

676
64

108
-

612
-

108
108

293

39

157

“

231

2

-

43

14

40

66

481

40

8

73
51

39
-

54
-

112

17
15

83
20

22

39
“

79
79
-

47

22

70
20
50
40

63
24
39

“

“

2

20

39

5

66

2
-

80
80
-

142
90
52
52

8

-

509
509
30
12

455
10
44 5
9
35 2
84

2

44
68

-

-

103 1218 1319
81 1051
22 167 1319
9 165 1224
6
12
2
89

“

4

54
-

-

37

101
101
8

18
18

-

-

170
170
170
*

2

-

1
-

445
430

-

309
306
3
3

120

410
295
115
1 0B

-

86
86
86

33

33

112
-

78
78

37
7

37
4
13

39

54
49
5

2
45
42
3

-

38

65

-

"

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

"

-

4

20

-

-

2

28

-

_

_

16

30
-

-

-

-

6
-

30
-

27

-

-

-

-

-

6

30

27

-

-

-

i

28
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s :

H o u r l y e a r n in g s

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in s e le c te d occupations in establish m en ts em p loyin g 500 w o rk e rs o r m o r e by in du stry d iv is io n , D e tro it, M ich ., M a rc h 1973)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

$
t
t
t
t
t
i
$
t
)
$
S
s
$
t
t
i
*
*
t
$
$
$
2. 10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20

Number

Occupation and industry division
workers

Mean

*

Median^

Middle range

*

and
under
2.20 2.30 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 over

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED1
OM
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

3,065
2,575
490

$
4.78
4.91
4.09

$
5.01
5.02
4.12

$
4 .7 8 4 .9 2 3 .3 8 -

$
5.09
5.10
5.05

4
4

9
9

7
7

35
9
26

23

16
16

14
14

28
3
25

27
15
12

67
33
34

120
83
37

84
4
80

31
22
9

160
152
8

162
146
16

614 1638
601 1503
13 135

4
4
“

22

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

2,491

4.95

5.03

4 .9 3 - 5.10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

15

33

38

4

2

142

146

601 1503

4

-

-

-

20

10

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

9

23

84

3.95

3.97

3 .9 3 - 4.35

-

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES --------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------

7,193
5,365
1,828
376
1,000
279

4.1 7
4.44
3.41
4.18
2.98
3.02

4.52
4.54
3.30
4.40
2.80
3.19

3 .9 9 4 .5 0 2 .6 5 3 .8 6 2 .5 2 2 .6 4 -

4.57
4.57
4.14
4.50
3.33
3.39

86
8
78

48

73
5

48
44
4

89
12
77
73
4

242
40
202
156
46

192
4
188
155
33

185
32
153
136
17

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S --------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------

5,808
4,763
1,045
35
574

4.49
4.60
3.99
4.23
3.33

4.67
4.68
4.45
4.16
3.22

4 .5 4 4 .5 9 3 .1 0 4 .1 0 2 .5 8 -

4.80
4.81
4.78
4.53
3.93

51

16

10

94
20
74

65
38
27

53

51

16

10

74

24

53

57

24

58

33

ORDER FILLERS -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------

2,206
1,724
267

4.77
4.81
4.37

4.78
4.91
5.20

4 .7 1 - 4.98
4 .7 2 - 5.20
3 .8 9 - 5.25

20
20
20

-

-

-

4
“

18
2
2

29
29
29

9
9
9

1
1

“

5
5
5

PACKERS, SHIPPING --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1,178
565

4.71
4.68

4.77
4.73

4 .7 1 - 4.83
4 .6 3 - 4.77

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

•

“

”

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------

737
295
175

4.45
3.80
3. 18

4.91
4.06
3.03

4 .4 5 - 4.96
2 .7 5 - 4.58
2 .4 2 - 4.03

26
26
26

15
15
15

28
28
28

9
9
9

-

-

-

-

-

51

16

10

_
-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

53
-

131 123
4
8
127 ' 115
6
2
39
94
70
31
97
40
57

-

4
4
4

21
21
21
4

392

4.86

4.95

4 .9 2 - 4.98

-

-

-

-

i

4

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS --------

1,682

4.82

4.85

4 .8 1 - 4.88

-

-

-

-

-

6

TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

3,987
2,189
1,798
725
71

5.30
5.11
5.52
5.44
3.69

5.23
5.14
5.56
5.53
4.02

5 .1 1 4 .9 8 5 .4 9 5 .2 9 3 .4 3 -

1

2

4

5

1

2

4

5

140
91
71

4.16
3.80
3.69

4.16
4.10
4.02

3 .7 5 - 4.71
3 .4 8 - 4.20
3 .4 3 - 4.15

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT I UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/ 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




983
409
1,795
1,267
528
104

5.58
5.23
5.27
5.15
5.55
5.58

5.49
5.43
5.17
5.15
5.55
5.56

5 .4 1 - 6.15
5 .1 8 - 5.47
5 .1 3 5 .1 1 5 .5 1 5 .5 3 -

5.53
5.18
5.58
5.59

2

1

1

-

-

1

1

2

1

1

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

_

_

2
2

-

60

183
180
3

60

68
18
50
24
26

7
7
7

59
38
38

62
21
21

67
33

-

60

229 4465
196 4172
33 293
20 175
10
1

-

3

347
333
14
12
2

90
43
47

-

46

-

786 2518 1295
760 2224 1253
26 294
42
11
15
3
938
572

551
551

2
2

192
25
167
67
-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

-

-

10

-

_

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

24

10

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

24

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

~

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

436
436
136

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

6

52
33

28
27

68
68

628
405

394
32

_

-

-

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

2
2
2

11
8
8

43
43
43

16
4
4

81
69

13
3
3

444
49

1

-

4
3

2

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2
2

8

318

6

214 1414

10

*

2

-

-

17

3

2

2

-

-

-

-

30

5

11
2
9

15
6
9

12
12

19
17
2

60
45
15
4
5

34
5
29
20

72
45
27

i

7

7

10

1

4
4
4

1
1

8
8

9
1
1

33
31
31

12
9
5

15
5

7

11
11
10

12
7

1

7
7
7

4

1

2

1

10
9

44
28

9
3

18

10
4

76
26

3
3

39
39

-

14
14

4

-

60 1058
51 1051
9
7

2
2

-

“

1

7

-

-

~

1

_

-

-

80
33
47
16
31

_
_

-

168
135
33

-

199
132
67
52
12

4

1

2
2
2

124
66
58

45
197
21
176
57
119

-

“

2

-

259
197
62
41
20
1

-

-

“

1

”

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------------------

5.56
5.20
6.11
5.57
4.15

28
4
24

-

262
163
99
11
20
68

22

6
6

-

-

-

4

-

2
-

20
3

483 1097
419 1090
64
7
-

273 1170
105 321
168 849
162 500

6

15

33
33

2

11
-

11
5

309
306
430
430
84

3

-

-

-

-

-

96
90
6
-

26
11
15
15

523
8

8

450

523
-

_

6
“

90
90
-

-

18
11
7
7

60
60
8

-

29
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s :

H o u r l y e a r n i n g s -----C o n t i n u e d

(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or m ore by industry division, Detroit, Mich,, March 1973)
Hourly ea mings3

Occupation and industry division
workers

Mpan *

Median2

Middle range 2

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
t
I
S
i
t
%
*
t
t
t
*
S
$
*
*
t
t
S
t
t
*
$
S
2. 10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3. 20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20
and
an d
under
GO

o

2.20 2.30 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3. 40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60

5.00 5.2C 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 over

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED—
OM
CONTINUED
TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT)
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANOFACIUKING ----------RETAIL TRADE --------------

8,375
7,728
647
195

$
4.75
4.75
4.82
4.78

$
4.81
4.81
4.83
4.72

$
4 .6 6 4 .6 6 4 .6 7 4 .6 0 -

$
4.86
4.86
4.89
5.23

—

—

—

“

“

-

-

~

-

3

4

2

2

”

-

3
3

4
4

2
2

2
2

145
141
4
4

80
73
7
7

135
120
15
15

286 2919 4527
276 2734 4225
10 185 302
19
10
58

135
135
-

137
24
1L3
71
231

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) --------------------------

88 3

4.81

4.77

4 .7 2 - 5.21

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

8

2

-

43

14

40

1

481

40

8

WAREHOUSEMEN ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANIIFACTURING-----------

227
114
113

4.58
4.32
4.84

4.64
4.38
5. 14

4 .2 4 - 5.14
4 .2 5 - 4.65
3 .8 9- 5.50

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

18
18

_
-

6
6

13
13

10
10

_
-

46

2
-

49
49

15
2
13

27
27

See footnotes at end of tables.




44
2

2

*
4

12
12

-

-

”

-

-

-

2

28
1
27

_
-

-

_
-

-

T a b le A -6 . M a in te n a n c e , p o w erp lan t, custodial, and m a te ria l h an d ling o ccu p atio n s:
A v e ra g e hourly earn in g s, by sex
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, D etroit, M ich., March 1973)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings ^

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

MAINTENANCE a n d PUWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
$

ELLCTRIClANSy

lT4A r
lri
HAINTENANCt
,

36
3,9 34

$
2^677
4,029

TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED

4* 86
2«71

4.8 2

1,048
2,568

w
<
t

3«62

179

31KVlw L j

EE5E*^EE.

103
63
r T7
524
53

5.22
4.9 9
5 03
5.91
5.05

rUDLlv U1l u l l 1to
9i1ULl ^a l l i naul
,
* L 1A1L 1KAUC
\
_

2 i 496

5.04
5« 14
, 5J,

K t 1A IL

1KAUL

315
1,257

3.20
2.63
4.39

5 76
a i Ai
729
o«OC>
,
* 091
*
2,397

O»0u

Ml
572
144

^*30
4.7 2
5. 12

5,119
1,377
3,742

Kt 1A1L 1KAUfc

5.55
5« 15

IiTuJlT: j AL L 1HAUL
K t 1A1L 1KAUL “ “

r*TT

100

c i L
3*48

619

3«QO

10,918
4 .6 4
1,949

K tI AIL 1KAUL
2,139

5.76

1,051
689
270

3*61
5.70

4,481
4,136

5.87

yb

4*45

1 no

A 140

818
903

- Q1
4*01

945
536

rORKLITTI

NONMANUFACTURING -------- --------------

4.5 0

3.87
3.39

2,832

3 .0 4

_

5«U

3*5?

SH IPPIN G AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------

1,988

4.71

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
UCCUPA11DNS - W EN
OM
JA N ITO R S,

PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----

nANUrAt1UKlNb " " ' "' 1
2,567

4*81

4.4 3

nnULLj ALL 1HAUL

10,109

5.09

“”

NONMANUFACTURING
R E T A IL TRADE

jl ILL 1 * L 1AL KU»,^ LK ^ y , IHAN 1LHMl,vL




.

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY I0VER 4 TONS,

rnn

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE

2m 71

13
7,454
7,433

See footn otes at end o f tab les,

on
on

k

1
4.2 2

1lr
#t

_

JtK V lL l j

3f i ?q
390

8,955

jtK y lo tj

493
107
93

i}* J *
34

cT

2^0
SERVICEj

$

4.92

i no
109

6.07
3*30
„

Average
[mean2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
UCCUPA1IONS - MEN— CONTINUED

vAKr LPII LK j y nA 11 1l NANUL
,
684

Number
of
woikers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

1 « 486
UKUcK
rrnuirrr

r

1L L tK j

HftUtt j ALL 1

4* 07
3*91

T a b l e A - 6 a . M a in t e n a n c e , p o w e r p la n t , cu s to d ia l, and m a te ria l h an d ling o c c u p a t io n s
la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts : A v e r a g e ho u rly e a rn in g s , by sex
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings of w orkers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 w orkers or m ore by industry division,
D etroit, M ich., March 1973)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

MAINTENANCE
UCLUPATI DNS -

and

Number
of
workers

Average
( mean2 )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

po w er p la n t

MEN— CONTINUED

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
UCCUPAIIJNS - MEN— CONTINUED

$

$

TRUCKORIVERS

- CONTINUED

4 60
56

$

4 .0 2

140
91
71

GUARDS
3 ,7 1 1

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

6 .1 1

2,

07

*•9 5

4 .1 6
3 .8 0
3 .6 9

MANUFACTURING
WATCHMEN

TRUCKORIVERS,

i

5«51

N U N n A N U r A L 1 UK I N o

494

5 .9 3
5 .9 4

MEDIUM 1 1 - 1 / 2

TO

84

ig
J A N 1 1 UK j ,

r U K 1t K j ,

r U D L 1v

U 1 1L 1 1 I c j

^ *6 7 9
1^474
3 62
i f f

r I NANCE

5 .5 8

AN U o L t A N t K j

201

3 .5 2

1in A X L L *

1 l r w§

J*

3 * 17
a.

cn

hl

1S X L

1 ,7 9 5
1 ,2 6 7
528

5 .2 7
5 .1 5
5 .5 5

1 IXA U u
tr «

A

\ ? S74

1 ,2 2 9

* QA

Jnon

5 27
-

1H A IN ItN A N v C 1

i ; 0 i4

___

277
3 ,5 6 7
3 ,2 9 3

5 * 93
5 .6 9
5 .5 5
a.

026
1 ,6 0 5

1»L 1A XL 1i, AUL

n-7

257

6 .0 6
p ri

_f

,

3 ,9 9 4

__________

PAINTERS*




_______ ___

MAINTENANCE

T"

i* L t

L 1AXL 1HAUL

0 71
1r i
151

5 «7 5

389
5*

4 .7 5
A

1
-

rr^

f " 32
4 .8 4

1 ,0 6 0

Cl

3mZf

,

„_
3 *7 5

2

717

___
607

1 ,7 9 8
K t 1A I L
6 ^ 1

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

78

5 *9 1

6

26

1H AU L

5 .5 2

4 .5 9

32

B.

E st abl is hm en t practices and su p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e pr ovi si ons

T a b l e B -1 . M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s
(D istrib u tion of establishm ents studied in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivision s by minim um entrance sa la ry fo r sele cted ca te g o rie s
o f in exp erien ced wom en o ffic e w o rk e rs , D etro it, M ich ., M arch 1973)
I n e x p e r i e n c e d typis ts

M in im u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 4

E s t a b l is h m e n t s hav ing a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ----------------------$ 62.50
$ 65.00
$67.50
$ 70. 00
$ 72.50
$ 75.00
$ 77.50
$ 80.00
$ 82.50
$ 85.00
$ 87.50
$90.00
$ 92. 50
$ 95.00
$ 97 .5 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
unde r
under
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
under
under
unde r
under
unde r
under
under
under

$ 65.00-------------------------------------------------$ 67.50---------------- ---------- --------- -----------$ 7 0. 0 0 -------------------------------------------------$ 72 .5 0-------------------------------------------------$ 7 5 . 00 —.
------------------------------------------- :—
$ 7 7. 5 0 -------------------------------------------------$ 80 .0 0-------------------------------------------------$ 82 .5 0----------------------------------------------- —
$ 8 5 .0 0------------------------------------------------$ 87.50------------------------------------------- -----$ 90.00-------------------------------------------------$ 92. 50 ------------------------------- ----------------—
$ 9 5 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------$ 9 7 . 5 0 -------------------------------------------------$ 1 0 0 . 0 0 -----------------------------------------------

40

All
sch ed u le s

40

284

86

XXX

198

XXX

XXX

107

29

27

78

14

50

148

41

39

107

17

74

-

1

1
. 1
1
3
2
i
: 5
-

-

-

-

*
1
3
1
7
6
6

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

1

1
2
2
6
6
5
11
4
7
3

1
- 4
1
“
4
1
1

11
3

1
-

13
9
1
6
6
6
2
1
4
1

2
6
1
4
2
3
1

2
6
1
4
1
3
1

-

-

2

2

-■

1
-

"
1
-

o v e r --------------------------------------------------------

4

-

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s ha v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m --------------------

31

15

XXX

16

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s wh ic h did not e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y -------------------------------------------------------------------

146

42

XXX

104




37'V2

XXX

105. 00---------------------------------------------110. 00---------------------------------------------115. 00 ---------------------------------------------------------120. 00 ---------------------------------------------------------125. 00----- --------------------------------------------------130.00 ---------------------------------------------------------135.00 ---------------------------------------------------------140.00 ------------------------------ -------------------- — —
145.00 --------------------------------------- — --------------150.00---------------------------------------------155.00--------—----------------------—----------160.00------------------------------- —------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

All
sc he d ul e s

XXX

-

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

40

198

2
2
1

under
u n d er
under
u nd er
under
under
under
unde r
unde r
under
unde r
unde r

All
s c he d ul e s

40

XXX

-

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

%

N o n m an uf ac tu r ng

B a s e d on sta n d ar d w e e k l y hours 6 o f -

86

13
6
7
4

100.00
105.00
110.00
115.00
120.00
125.00
130.00
135.00
140.00
145.00
150.00
155.00
160.00

37

All
in d u s t r i e s

284

1
1
2
1

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

M an uf ac tu rin g

B a s e d on s ta nd ard w e e k l y h o u r s 6 of—

All
in d u s t ri e s

All
sch edu les

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ------------------------------------------------

Ot h e r i n e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5

N o n m a n u fa ct u ri n g

M a n u fa c tu ri n g

6
2
2
6
3
- 3
2
7
2

-

-

-

“
1
2
1
2
2
2
3

1
2
1
2
2
2
3
1

1
3
5
2
6
5 ■
10
9
15
3
5
7

3
7
3
3
2
4

11
9
8
9
6
7
1
1
4
-

3
7
4
, 3
2
4

2
2

4

-

3

’

XXX

XXX

57

29

XXX

XXX

XXX

79

16

XXX

6

“

-

2

2
-

-

1
-

1
4
3
1
1
2

-

‘

1

8
2
4

2

2

-

2
4
3
1
1
2
“
“ '
4

1
"
- .
1
3
5
2
7
7
11
11
17
5
8
8

-

l
l

-

4
3
1
1

"
“

2

-

*
"
“

6
2
3
4
4
3
1
1
2

“
-

4

4
'

-

"
1
2
4
i
6
2
4
6
10
3
3
2

28

XXX

XXX

63

XXX

XXX




33

T a b le B -2 .

S h ift d iffe re n tia ls

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v is io n s f o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e and a m ou n t o f p a y d if f e r e n t i a l ,
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r c h 1973)
^ A l^ g la n t w o r k e ^ ^ jT w n a n u f a c t u ^ r in ^ ^ lO O ^ p e ^ c e n t ^

P e r c e n t of m an u facturing pla n tw o rk ers—
L a te - s h ift pay p ro v is io n

In establish m ents having p r o vis io n s 7
fo r la te shifts
Second sh ift

T o ta l___________________________________________

N o pay d iffe r e n tia l fo r w o rk on la te s h ift______
P a y d iffe r e n tia l fo r w o rk on la te s h ift__________

99.3
_

T h ird o r oth er
shift

95.8
-

A c tu a lly w orkin g on la te shifts

Second shift

32.6
_

T h ird o r oth er
shift

10.6
_

99.3

95.8

32.6

10.6

28.3

26.6

7.1

3.2

5 c e n ts _____________ _____________________
7 c e n ts _____________- ___ ___ ______ ___
8 c e n ts __________ _______________________
8V2 c e n ts ----------------------- ---------------9 c e n ts ____________________________________
10 cen ts___________________________________
12 cen ts_________ ______________ __________
13 cen ts___________________ — ------------133 4 cen ts----------------------------------------/
14 cen ts----------------------------- —
---15 cen ts___________________________________
16 cen ts----------- --------------- ------ ---17 cents- ___ ___________________________
1 8 c ent s--------------- ---- ----- -------- —---- --20 cen ts__________________________ _______
22 cen ts____ __________ ____________ —
23 cen ts--------------- — -------- — -----25 cen ts-------------------------------------------30 cen ts--------------------------------------------

1.2
.8
.4
.9
.3
9.9
.5
_
.9
4.4
2.9
.7
1.8
.5
2.6

.3
.2
.1
.2
.1
2.4
.1
_
.4
1.2
.6

1.1
-

_
.9
3.5
1.3
.1
.9
2.0
6.3
.7
1.7
1.0
2.1
1.8
.4
2.6
1.4

U n iform p e r c e n ta g e ________________________

71.0

5 p e r c e n t ___________ _______________ —
6/io p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------7 p e r c e n t_______________________ —
7 72 p e r c e n t______________________________
10 p e r c e n t __________________________ ___

68.9
.8
1.0
.3

T y p e and amount o f d iffe re n tia l:
U n iform cents (p e r h o u r )__________________

-

O ther fo r m a l pay d i f f e r e n t i a l----------------

68.8

25.5

7.3

.2
.8
2.0
65.9

25.0
.1

.4
'

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

.4
.2
.7
.3
*

.2
_
.1
( 8)
.1
.2
.9
.9
.1
.4
.1
.2
.4
( 8)
.1
.3

-

.4
( 8)

_
.2
.2
6.9

34

T a b le B -3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs and d ays

(P e r c e n t o f p la n tw orkers and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in d u stries and in indu stry d ivision s by scheduled w eek ly hours and days
o f fir s t - s h ift w o r k e r s , D etro it, M ich ., M a rch 1973)
P la n tw o rk e rs
W eek ly hours and days

A ll w o r k e r s ___
20 hours--- 5 days
25 hours— 5 days_________________________________
27VZ hours— 5 days----------------- -— —— - —
32Vz hours— 5 days--------------------------------------3 5 hours— 5 days-------------------- ----—
3673 hours— 5 days---------------------- ----- — —
37 hours— 5 days------------------------------------------37Vio hours— 5 days________ ____________________
37Vz hours— 5 days______________ ——— —— ———
38 hours— 5 days — - ________ — - 3 8 V2 hours— 5 days_______________________________
383 4 hours— 5 days-------------------------- -------- ——
/
39 hours— 5 days_________________ _______ .
39V4 hours--- 5 days ---------------------- _
___ 39V4 hours— 5 days-------------------------------------- 40 hours--- 5 days-----------------------------------------—
41V4 hours— 5 days--------------------------- ——------42 hours— 5 days________________________________
44 hours -_____ ___ ___ _______________ ______ „___ __
5 d a y s ------------------------------5 V2 d a y s ----- ----- --------- — . -45 hours— 5 V2 days___________________ ___________
46 h o u rs —
------_ —
----5 d a y s ___ __ ___ ___ ___ __________________ . __
5 V2 d a y s --------------------------------------------------4 6 V2 hours— 5 V2 days-----------------------------------48 h o u rs ----------------------------------— — — —— —
5 d a y s ____
__________
.
„ - _
6 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------50 h o u rs ___
5 days — — -------—
---5V2 d a y s — — _
___
—
—
52 hours— 6 days_________________________________
53 hours— 6 days________________________— —

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s ,




A ll
in du stries

100

( 9)
(’ )
n
i
■-

Manu­
factu rin g

100

_
-

•
.

.
•
82
11
-

3
7
~
86
3

-

-

-

1

1

.

C>
(9)
3
(9)
3
1
1
(!)
(9)
i

R eta il
trade

100

C
9)
89
1
1
1
C)
1

O ffic e w o rk e rs

W holesale
trade

100

2

-

Public
u tilities

(* )
92
1
1
1
-

(9)
C )

92
3
3
-

100

-

4

-

-

3
2
-

-

5
5
-

4
3
3

-

-

S ervic es

100

A ll
industries

100

Manu­
facturing

Public
u tilitie s

W holesale
trade

R eta il
trade

100

100

100

100

3
3
4
(9)
4
.
56
2
5
5
17
17

5
1
4
73
t9 )
-

95
(9)
-

(!)
C
9)
-

(!)
f9)
-

C )

2
1
1

.
3
1
•

.
1

-

34
1
•
64
.
.

-

-

-

(*)
-

-

-

(» )
13
(!)
n

-

-

_
_
6

4
1
•
84
_
3
3
~
.
2
-

Finance

100

_

S ervic es

100

_

.
(9)

-

2

2

5

2
21

-

(9 )
•
92
_
_
-

-

3
5
•
15
3
_
16
34
_
.
-

_
18
.
20

10
1
.
52
.
_
_
_

•
-

3
3
1
1
f9 )

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

.
-

-

35

T a b le B -4 .

A n n u a l p a id h o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s , D e t r o it ,

M ic h . ,

M a r c h 1973)

P la n tw o rk ers
Item

A ll w o rk e rs

- ________

A ll
in du stries

_____ ..

W ork ers in establishm ents p rovid in g
paid h olidays_______________________ _____________
W orkers in establishm ents p rovid in g
no paid h olidays— —

Manu­
factu ring

O ffic e w o rk e r s

Pu blic
u tilities

W holesale
trade

R eta il
trade

S ervic es

A ll
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
u tilities

W holesale
trade

R eta il
trade

Finance

S ervices

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

98

91

99

100

100

100

100

100

99

1

-

-

-

2

9

-

-

-

-

-

(9)
5
2
(9)
8
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

2

5

5

3

10

-

-

(9)

-

2
1
2

4

1

-

18
52
4

5
1

_
19
2
1
2
45
1
3
10
8

_
1
3
2
1
6
4
3
5
1
64
6
1
1
1
-

n

1

N um ber o f days
L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s ------------------------------------— - —
6 h olidays ________ _______ ___
6 h olidays plus 1 h alf day-----------------------------6 holidays plus 2 h alf d a y s ____________________
6 holidays plus 3 h alf d a y s ---------------------------7 holidays ___ _______________________________
7 holidays plus 1 h alf day-----------------------------7 h olidays plus 2 h alf d a y s ----------------------- —
7 h olidays plus 3 h alf d a y s ____________________
8 h o lid a y s --------- ---------------------------------------8 holidays plus 1 h alf day — ________
— ---8 holidays plus 2 h alf days ---------------------------9 h olidays _____________________________________
9 holidays plus 1 o r 2 half days---------------------10 h olidays--------------------------------------------------10 holidays plus 1 or 2 h alf d a y s ------- --------1 1 h olidays__ ___ _______________________ __ _
12 h olidays_____ ________________ ___ ___ ___________
12 holidays plus 1 h alf d a y — -------------------13 h olidays--------------------------------------------------13 h olidays plus 1 h alf d a y ---------------------------14 h olidays________________________________________

0
(9)
8
1
(9)
10
(9)
5
O

6
49

2
-

(9)

2

1

(9)
2

(!)
(9 )
7
-

7
C )

7

71
2
(9)

—
*

-

-

-

-

12
1
2
36
7
3
23
3
10
2
-

_

_
30
30
30
41
41
51
60
85
95
95
95
100
100
100

_
2
2
2
2
2
12
17
39
49
86
86
98
98
98

-

22
1

-

-

23
10
10
1
10
30
-

4
35
39
n
1

0
9

-

-

2
1
5
1

(?)
(*)
4
2
1
12

-

( 9)
25
<*>

4

7

-

31
n

1

1

p

1

(9 )
-

1

-

1

5

p
(9)

- •
64
5
20
-

3

16
t9 )
7
67
1
-

(9)

C )

-

2
7
2

8
2
8
23
1
12
(9)
26
“
-

-

7
-

_
21

5

17
12
1
3
16
(9 )
-

n
10

1

8
-

4

T o ta l holiday tim e 1
0
14 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------I 3 V2 days o r m o re ___________________ ____________
13 days o r m o re --------------------------- --------I 2 V2 days o r m o re
----------------------- — -----12 days o r m o re -------------------------------------------11 days o r m o re -------------------------------------------IOV2 days o r m o re ---------------------------------------10 days o r m o re -------------------------------------------9 V2 days o r m o re _
_
- 9 days o r m o r e _________ ____ _____ ___ _
872 days o r m o r e ----------------------------------------8 days or m o r e
_________
7l/ days o r m o re
2
___________ ______ ______
7 days or m o r e __
6 V2 days o r m o r e ----------------------------------------6 days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------S days o r m o r e ___________-_ .
________---------1 day o r m o re -----------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




p
(9)
2
2

51
57
57
63
63
73
74
82
84
94
94
98
98
99

p
(9)
2
2
73
79
80
87
87
94
94
96
96
99
99
100
100
100

-

1

23
23
27
27
79
79
97
97
98
98
100
100
100

p
p
p
(9)
4
4
5
5
5
5
14
14
53
53
88
90
91

n
1
2
2
33

40
40
65
65
79
81
86
88
95
95
99
99 .
99

(!)
(9 )
1
1
68
75
75
92
92
95
96
96
96
97
97
100
100
100

_
20
20
26
26
90
90
95
95
97
98
100
100
100

_
26
26
26
39
39
62
70
72
86
90
90
100
100
100

7
19
29
33
79
81
100
100
100

1
2
3
3
9
9
73
75
83
87
93
95
99
99
100
100
100

4
4
12
12
12
13
13
23
23
23
27
44
56
79
79
99
99
99

36

T a b le B -4 a .

Id e n tific a tio n o f m a j o r p aid h o lid a y s

(P e r c e n t o f p la n tw orkers and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in d u stries and in industry d ivision s by paid h olidays, D etro it, M ich ., M arch 1973)
P la n tw o rk ers
H oliday

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________

New Y e a r 's D a y_______________ . . . ___ __________ ___
L in c o ln 's Birthday__________________ _____________
_
W ashington's B irthday______ ______ _____
Good F r id a y _________________________ _____________
Good F rid a y , h alf d a y ________ __________ . . . . ______
M e m o r ia l Day___________________________ _________ _
Fourth o f July______________________________________
Labor Day
Columbus Day______________________________________
V eteran s Day______________________________________
E lectio n Day_______________________________________
Thanksgiving D a y_________________________________
Day a fte r Th anksgivin g___________________________
C h ristm a s E v e __ _________________ ______________
C h ristm a s E ve , h alf day______ ___ _____________
C h ristm a s D ay._________ ___ ___ _____ _ __ ______
A ll w orkin g days between C h ristm a s Day
and N ew Y e a r 's Eve 11______________ __________
New Y e a r 's E v e _________________ __ ______________ _
New Y e a r ' s E v e , h alf d a y ________________________
F lo a tin g h oliday, 1 day 12___ ___
__ _____________
Floa tin g h oliday, 2 days 12_____ _______________
F lo a tin g holiday, 3 days 1 __________ _____________
2
E m p lo y e e ' s b irth d a y ________ _____________________
E m p lo y e e ' s a n n iv e r s a r y ______________ „__________

See footn otes at end o f tables.




A ll
in du stries

Manu­
factu rin g

Public
u tilities

W holesale
trade

O ffic e w o rk e rs
R eta il
trade

S ervic es

A ll
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
u tilities

W holesale
trade

R e ta il
trade

Finance

S ervic es

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
5
68
3
99
99
99
n
1
99
19
69
4
99

100
-

100
4
49
17
100
100
100
2
1
100
10
65
5
100

98
6
8
96
98
98
98
3
13
98

90
1
1
90
90
90
88
1
16
n
91

99
13
27
60
7
99
99
99
16
18
2
99
28
56
5
99

100
-

99
27
93
1
100

100
76
86
100
100
100
5
19
1
99
56
34
3
100

100
7
52
20
99
100
100
3
1
100
20
55
9
100

100
1
15
99
100
100
2
98
3
8
10
100

100
54
70
19
14
100
100
100
62
61
8
100
24
19
9
100

99
-

(9)
89
1
99
100
99
(’ )
1
99
22
92
2
100

100
71
76
100
100
100
4
15
99
50
42
100

68
89
2
3
1
2
3

10
8
1
45

27
49
9
3
31

2
3
5
20
8
8
43
14

4
9
1
2
38
1

31
49
3
6
5
1
8
1

66
91
1
4
2
1
1

14
2
5
25

25
47
12
14
n
16

8
6
17
7
7
25
9

12
2
1
13
1
2
2

48
64
3
6
2
3
15
2

n
93
1
99
100
99
n
(’ )

( 9)
25
15
99
99
99
99
38
34
9
99
13
15
11
15
2
24
6

37

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y p r o v is io n s , D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r c h 1973)

P la n tw o rk ers
V a ca tion p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s

---- ------

A ll
in du stries
-

Manu­
facturing

O ffic e w ork ers

Pu blic
u tilitie s

W holesale
trade

R eta il
trade

S ervic es

A ll
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
u tilities

*W holesale
trade

R eta il
trade

Finance

S ervic es

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
95
5

100
94
6

100
98
2

100
100
-

100
98
2

99
99

99
99

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

99
99

M ethod o f paym ent
W o rk ers in establishm ents provid ing
paid vacation s
_
....
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym en t- P e rc e n ta g e paym ent
W o rk ers in establishm ents provid ing
no paid vacations

(*)

“

7
54
1
(9 )
1

9
65
1
1

(’ )
32
8
58
1
(9)
1

1
21
6
70
2
t9 )
1

20
5
72
3
(9)
1

1
6
39
51
2
(9)
1

-

-

-

“

P)

9
2
n
o
-

3
60
20
1
-

_
11
2
87
t9 )
1
-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

C )

5
48
14

2
68
24
1
-

_

89
6
3
(9 )

-

-

1

-

Amount of vacation pay 1
3
A ft e r 6 months o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek1 w eek_
O v e r 1 and-under 2 w eeks —
2 w eeks
3 w e e k s . -----------------------------------------------

—

43

5
41

_

_

-

“

4
32
3
“

3
60
27

_

C )

-

-

-

7
38
13
7
-

21
3
77

29
2
69

24
15
61
-

53
1

-

-

11
61
8
-

-

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek_______________ _______
1 week___________________________________ ______ ___
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s . __
2 w e e k s ________________________— — -----------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s — --------------- -----3 w eeks —__________________________________________
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------

_

-

22
11
67

49
7
44

60
15
25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
7
74
2
(9)
1

6
1
82
11

25
1
67
7

29

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
8
17
72
2

-

4

-

-

-

-

88
10

62
34

97

-

(9)

-

95

_

_

_
6
C )

94

_
22
-

-

-

-

-

71
7

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(9)

8
2
82
7

A ft e r 2 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s -—
------------------------------------------

-

71
-

53
2
40
4
-

(9)

2
(9)
96
1
1
-

1
(9)
98
-

1
-

2

6

5

-

-

-

96
3

95

-

89
2
3
-

-

-

99
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A fte r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------- —--------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------2 WPpkS n„ ....................................
i.
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------3 w eeks!----------------------------- — — — — — — ----- O ver 3 w eeks and under 4 w e e k s ------------------4 w eeks ------------------------- -------- — — ----

-

1

11
11
69
8

(9)

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

97

97
1
2

75
14
8

32
47
22

97
3
(9)

70
17
13

3

-

-

3

-

66
23
12

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(*>

-

3

A ft e r 4 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------ ------------------------- ------ ----------------- O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------3 w eeks- —
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eeks — ----- — __
4 w eeks
---------- -------- ----------------------

See footnotes at end of ta*ble.




(9)
5
40
51
2
(9)
1

-

7
18
71
2
1
1

-

-

-

66
23
12

32
47
22

97
3
t9 )

70
17
13

97

3

10
11
69
8
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

“

“

"

"

“

-

.

-

-

87
11

66
34

97

-

-

1
“

-

"

“

-

(*)

(9)
-

_
-

-

-

-

3

-

2

-

-

97
1
2

74
14
9

38

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s and o ff i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y p r o v is io n s , D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r c h 1973)

P la n tw o rk e rs
V acation p o lic y

A ll
in du stries

Manu­
factu rin g

Pu blic
u tilities

O ffic e w o rk e rs

W holesale
trade

R eta il
trade

S e rvic es

A ll
industries

Manu­
factu rin g

Public
u tilitie s

W holesale
trade

R eta il
trade

Finance

S ervic es

Amount o f va ca tion pay 13— Continued
A ft e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek
______ ______
______
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s — — ------ ------ - —
3 w e e k s __________ __ ______ ___ ___ ____
__
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s 4 w e e k s —----------------------------- ------------- -------- —
O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s _______________________

32

_
16

8

10

57

70

C )

1
1
(9 )

2
2
1

_
82

1
0
7

1

"

_
50
4
43
3
-

_
61

2
37
-

1
76
7
13
(9)

t9)
50

2

_

2

_
91
3
7
-

-

-

22
1

47

75

n

n

i
-

_
53

_
56

_

42
_
3
-

44
_

23
_
-

n
54
7
38
-

-

-

-

18

2

76

2

A ft e r 10 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e

2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s — ----------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------- O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s -----------------------------4 w eeks —
---- ------------------------ --------------O ver 4 and under 5 w e e k s -----------------------------O ver 5 and under 6 w e e k s ----- — ---------------------

6
6

2
8

29
50

14
70
4

8

f9 )

1
1

1
1

1
2

46

58

39

-

52
30
7
-

27
-

-

-

-

_
82
18
"

1

8

32

61
30
5
3
“

63

53

1

4
36

1
87

1
2

2

8
6
1
-

2

2

4
(9)
57
23
16
-

t9 )
27
47
23
-

95
3
_
-

42
16
-

3
•
73
_
23
-

-

-

-

-

*

1
1

3
73
_
23
-

2
22

1

93

1
4
•
-

16

2
48

1
2
22
-

-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------———
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------------3 w eeks —--------------------------------------------------- —
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s -----------------------------4 w eeks -____
___
______ _______ __ ___ ____
O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s ----------------------------5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------- ——---O v e r 5 and under 6 w eeks — ------------------- —----

4

6
30
51

8
0

(!)
o

2
8
13
70
4

1
n

i

22
27
~

8
6
1
"

3

2

n

? )

(9 )
27
47
23
"

97
3
-

58
23
16
r>
“

49
17
19
4

-

1

_
91
3
4
-

13

2

51

1
2
22
_
-

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

2 w eeks — ----—------------------------------------------ ---O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks
—
-------- ----3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------4 w eeks
, ..........
O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s ----------------------------5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------ —
O v e r 6 w eeks------------------------------------------------

2
2
23
5

66
1

i

2
14
7
75

1

-

68
2
2
1
9
-

33
3
60
3
-

(!)
(9)

(9)

1

-

2
1

1
1

.
-

-

7
4
30

5

1

6

2
58
-

26

8
41
4
19

2

-

2
46

2
50
(9)
o
-

1
-

20
1
78
(9 )
-

C)

81
16
3
-

9
_
35

2
51
4
-

3
44
53

1
75
3

20

-

4
_
56
7
30
3
_

-

-

-

86

7
14
2
42

3
16
77

14
79

_
35
2
53

-

-

A fte r 20 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------- —
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------- —-----O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s -----------------------------5 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 and under 6 w e e k s -----------------------------6 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w eeks -----------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




2
52
(9)
(’ )
C )

6

1

4
-

19

1
2
2

28
4
38
3

6

i
n
t9 )
51

1
•

6
1
22

n
.

2

1

69

1
2
6

48
3
40

35

70

32

3

5

8
1

-

-

-

2

3
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

C)

-

3

-

-

(9)

(9)

-

4

-

-

-

14

2

1

82

64
18

1

-

-

1

1

39

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y p r o v is io n s , D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r c h 1973)

P la n tw o rk ers
V acation p o licy

A ll
in du stries

Manu­
factu ring

Public
u tilities

W holesale
trade

O ffice w ork ers
R eta il
trade

S ervic es

A ll
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
u tilities

'W h o lesa le
trade

■
R eta il
trade

Finance

S ervices

Amount o f vacation pay 13— Continued
A ft e r 25 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e

2 w e e k s ....----- . . . . . .

------- ------- ---- . . . . . _______
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w eeks —_________ __ ________ ________ ___ _____ __
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eeks
- — — ____
4 w e e k s ----------------------------- -----------------------O ver 4 and under 5 w e e k s ______
._ __
5 wp#»ks
O v e r 5 and under 6 w eeks --------------------------6 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w eeks________________________ ___________

2
1
4
3
27
3
59
(9 )
(9 )

i
i
i
4
16
3
72
-

1

1

2
1

1
1
1

1
.

.

1

6

16

1
2
66
-

6
-

37
3
50
3

4
-

19

8
2

28
4
38
.
3

65
-

2
1
.
.

-

6

1

1

9
(9 )
39

-

20

2

6
n

46
_

o
70
.

.

2

2

*

?)

2

2

7
.
14

7
3
79

36
_
38

(9)

2

3
14
70
_
14

1
-

1
0

75

2
1
2
.

-

9
-

3
(9)

7
.
14

.
-

1

35

2
53

8
1

_

.
-

-

A fte r 30 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e

2 w e e k s ---------------- ------ ---- ---- ---- ----- O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks _____________________
3 w e e k s _______ _______________ __________— _____O v e r 3 and under 4 w eeks
-----------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s ______ _______________
5 wppks
O v e r 5 and under 6 w e e k s ..
6 w eeks __________ _________ _______________
O ver 6 w eek s— ---------------------------------- ---

4
3
25
3
57
(9)

2
1

4
15
4
71
-

_

1

-

-

1

6

.
13

1
2

69
.

2

6

i

-

35
3
49
.
3
3

4
.

19

8
2

28
4
38
3

65
18
3
-

6

2
-

1
9
(9 )
35

1

1

f9 )

6

2

(9)

7
3
79
9
-

-

20

(9)

49
3
f>

68

i
9
n
35

i
-

(9)

6

2

n

-

4
-

2
28
45
4
(9)

3
14
70
-

1
0
_
3
-

1

.

1

1
0

35

63

53

1

2
8
1

25
_
.

.

-

-

M aximum vacation ava ila b le

2 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------3 w e e k s ____ __ __________ ____________ _____________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ------------------- -------- ---- ------------O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s -------- ------- —
5 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 and under 6 w e e k s ------— ---------6 w e e k s __________________________________________ —
O v e r 6 w eeks ______________ __________________

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




2
1
4
3
25
3
57
(9)

2
1

i
i
i
4
15
4
71

1
-

-

1

6

4
-

19

8
2

6

-

-

13

35
3
49

65

28
4
38

-

~

1
2
69

18

3

.

-

-

-

2
1

2

6

3
3

3

-

1
49
-

3
,n

20
68

7
3
79

-

-

4

9

(9 )

7
14

2

3
14

1
-

1
0

-

-

28

70

61

-

-

1

1
0

26

-

-

4

3

.

45

C )

1

1

.
35

2
53

8
1
.

40

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s

(P e r c e n t o f p lan tw orkers and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
in su rance, o r pensjfyj. benefitaS^-dietrcrit, M i c h . , M a r c h 19 /3)

h e a lt h ,

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s

T ype o f ben efit and
financing 1
4

A ll

in du stries

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

S e r v ic e s

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u tilit ie s

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n c e

S e r v ic e s

A ll w o rk ers __________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W ork ers in establish m ents p rovid in g at
lea st 1 o f the ben efits shown b e lo w ___________

99

100

100

100

100

93

99

100

100

98

100

100

99

98
93

99
98

100

100
93

72
65

99
89

99
95

100

95

98
78

87

92
72

98
69

99
91

99
84

87
8a

93
93

84
84

79
75

73
58

64
57

79
73

90
87

78
77

72
62

74
51

62
55

90
73

97

99

90

99

95

76

97

98

99

93

98

95

86

99
99

88

68
61

58
55

92
90

1
1
1
1

67
61

60

84

65
59

20

86

30
30

44

18

51
44

16

6

38

50

36

20

79

84

64

79

60

86

74

7

1

29

3

24

2

1
1

6

33

2

25

1
2

51
50
99
94
99
94
95
91
24
19
7

66
66
100

5
5

21

74
69

63
38
98
78

44
36

100

100

100

88

98
99
97
13

95
93
87

1
2
1
1

85
40
40.
90
87

24
18

45
33
98
78
98
78
91
77
82
60

31

95

56
46
99
85
99
85
97
84
85
64

6

100

1
1
1
1

98

37
35
99
94
99
94
92
87
55
49

1
0
1
0

6
6

43
43

92
81

L ife in s u r a n c e ______________ -___ ___ ___________
N on con tribu tory p la n s ___ _________________ „
A ccid en ta l death and dism em b erm en t
in su ra n c e___________ __ _______________________
Non con tribu tory plans _____________________
Sickness and accident insurance o r
sick lea ve o r both 15____________
.
Sickness and accident in s u ra n c e __________
N on con tribu tory p la n s __________________
Sick lea ve (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )___________________________ _
Sick lea ve (p a rtia l pay o r
w aitin g p e r io d )____________________________
L o n g -te rm d is a b ility in s u ra n c e _____________ N on con tribu tory p la n s _____- ___ -___ -___ ___
H o spitalization in su ra n c e _____________________
N on con tribu tory p la n s _____________________
S u rgical in su ra n c e_____________________________
N on con tribu tory p la n s _____________________
M ed ica l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
N on con tribu tory p la n s ________________ -____
M a jo r m e d ica l in s u r a n c e _____________________
N on con tribu tory p la n s _____________________
Dental in s u r a n c e ___________________ ___ __ ___
N on con tribu tory p la n s __ -___ ______________
R etirem en t pension -_______ _»*».»<.■»-»
NoncontriBat'ory p la n s _____________________

See fo o tn o te s

at end o f ta b le s .




87

•

6
90
87

95

95

86

21
21
97
94

18

100
82

100
82

86
76
38

20
14

1
-2
82

68

92
77
92
77
81

66

100
92

100
92
99
92

88
59

1
1

97
95

4

100
88
100
88
99
87
90
87
30
30
84
77

10
1
0
82
74

21
99
72
99
72
85
65

68
40
4

1
90
64

80
98
79

88

73

2
-

98
72

100

(’ )

88
69
69

86
66
71
50
19
19
62
59

41

F o o tn o te s
A l l of th e s e

sta n da rd fo o tn o te s m a y not ap p ly to this b u ll e tin .

1 Stan dar d hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p ay f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r an d/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c om pute d f o r e ach jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b er of w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n
d e s i g n a t e s p o s itio n — h a l f of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a te shown; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a te shown.
The m iddle
r a n g e is d e fi n e d by 2 r a t e s of pay; a fou rth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a f o u r th e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r r a t e .
3 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te shif ts .
4 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s ta r tin g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e paid f o r sta ndard
w orkw eeks.
5 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6 Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l sta n da rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n sta ndard w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7 In clu des a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la te s h ifts , and e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r late
s h ifts , e v e n though the e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a tin g l a t e s h if ts .
8 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
1 A l l c o m b in a tio n s of f u l l and h a l f days that add to the s a m e amount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a
0
to ta l of 9 days in c lu d e s th ose w ith 9 f u ll days and no h a lf d a y s, 8 f u l l d ays and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t i o n s
then w e r e cum ula te d.
1 T h e s e days a r e p r o v i d e d as p a r t o f a C h r i s t m a s — e w Y e a r h o l i d a y p e r i o d w h ich t y p i c a l l y b e gin s w ith C h r i s t m a s E v e and ends with
1
N
N e w Y e a r ' s Day. Such a h o lid a y p e r i o d is c o m m o n in the a u t o m o b i l e , a e r o s p a c e , and f a r m i m p l e m e n t in d u s t r i e s . B e c a u s e of y e a r - t o - y e a r
v a r i a t i o n in the nu m b e r of w o r k d a y s d urin g the p e r i o d , p ay f o r a Sunday in D e c e m b e r , f r e q u e n t l y r e f e r r e d to as a "bon us h o l i d a y , " m a y be
p r o v i d e d t o e q u a l i z e eac h y e a r ' s t o t a l h o lid a y pay .
1 " F l o a t i n g " h o lid a y s v a r y f r o m y e a r to y e a r a c c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r o r e m p l o y e e c h o i c e .
2
1 In c lu d e s p a y m e n ts other than " l e n g t h of t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e of annual e a r n i n g s or f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e qu iv a le n t
3
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t of annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s pay. P e r i o d s of s e r v i c e a r e cho se n a r b i t r a r i l y and do not
n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , ch an ge s in p r o p o r t i o n s at 10 y e a r s in clu d e changes b e tw e e n 5 and 10
y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p ay a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c lu d e s th ose e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3
w e e k s 1 p ay a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r typ e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l plans f o r w h ich at l e a s t a p a r t of the c o s t is b o r n e by the e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
4
p l a n s " in clu d e only th o s e fin a n c ed e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r .
E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1 U n du plic ated t o ta l of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e or s ic k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e shown s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k l e a v e plans a r e
3
l i m i t e d to th o s e w h ich d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r of d a y s ' p a y that eac h e m p l o y e e can e x p e c t.
In fo r m a l sick le a ve
a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an i n d iv id u a l b a s is a r e exc lu d e d .




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c r ip t io n s
The p r im a ry pu rpose o f p rep a rin g jo b d es crip tio n s fo r the Bu reau's wage su rveys is to a s s is t its fie ld sta ff in cla s s ify in g into a p propriate
occupations w o rk ers who a re em ployed under a v a rie ty o f p a yroll title s and d iffe re n t w ork a rran gem en ts fro m establish m ent to establish m ent and
fro m a rea to a rea .
Th is p erm its the grouping o f occupational w age rates re p res en tin g com parab le jo b content. Because o f this em phasis on
in terestablish m en t and in te ra re a co m p a ra b ility o f occupational content, the Bureau's jo b d es crip tio n s m ay d iffe r sig n ifican tly fr o m those in use in
individual establish m ents o r those p rep a red fo r oth er pu rposes. In applying these job d es crip tio n s , the B u reau 's fie ld econ om ists a re in stru cted
to exclude w orking su p e rv is o rs ; appren tices; le a rn e r s ; beginn ers; tra in e e s ; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem p o ra ry , and p roba tion a ry w o rk e rs .

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N TIN G — Continued

B IL L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a re s statem en ts, b ills , and in vo ic es on a m achine oth er than an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M ay also keep re co rd s as to b illin gs o r shipping ch a rges o r p e r fo rm other
c le r ic a l w ork incidental to b illin g opera tio n s. F o r w age study pu rposes, b ille r s , m ach in e, a re
c la s s ifie d by type of m ach in e, as fo llo w s:

P o sitio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.
C la ss A . Under gen era l su p ervision , p e rfo rm s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
re q u ire the application o f ex p erien c e and judgm ent, fo r exam ple, c le r ic a lly p rocessin g co m ­
plica ted o r n on rep etitive accounting tran saction s, selectin g among a substantial v a rie ty o f
p re s c r ib e d accounting codes and cla s s ific a tio n s , o r tra cin g tran saction s through previou s
accounting actions to determ in e sou rce o f d isc rep a n cies. M ay be a ssisted by one o r m o re
cla ss B accounting c le rk s .

B ille r , m achine (b illin g m a c h in e ). U ses a sp ecia l b illin g machine (com bination typing
and adding m ach in e) to p rep a re b ills and in vo ic es fr o m cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e r s , in te r ­
n ally p rep a red o rd e r s , shipping m em orandum s, etc. U su ally in vo lv es application o f p r e ­
determ in ed discounts and shipping ch a rges and en try o f n ece s s a ry exten sion s, which m ay o r
m ay not be computed on the b illin g m achine, and tota ls which a re au to m a tica lly accum ulated
by m achine. The opera tion u su ally in vo lv es a la rg e num ber o f carbon co pies o f the b ill being
p rep a red and is often done on a fanfold m achine.

C la ss B . Under clo se su p ervision , fo llow in g d etailed in stru ction s and standardized p r o ­
ced u res, p e rfo rm s one o r m o re routine accounting c le r ic a l opera tio n s, such as posting to
le d g e rs , ca rd s, o r w orksh eets w here id en tifica tion o f item s and locations o f postings a re
c le a r ly indicated; checking accu ra cy and co m pleten ess o f standardized and re p e titiv e re co rd s
o r accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes.

B ille r , m achine (bookkeeping m a ch in e). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (with o r without
a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to p rep a re cu sto m ers' b ills as part o f the accounts re c e iv a b le o p e ra ­
tion. G en era lly in volv es the sim ultaneous en try o f fig u res on cu sto m ers' le d g e r re c o r d . The
m achine au tom a tica lly accum ulates fig u res on a num ber o f v e r tic a l columns and computes
and usually prints a u tom a tica lly the debit o r cre d it balances.
Does not in vo lv e a know l­
edge o f bookkeeping.
W orks fr o m uniform and standard types o f sales and c re d it slip s.

C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e tr ie v e s m a te r ia l in an establish ed filin g system . May p e rfo rm
c le r ic a l and manual tasks re qu ired to m aintain file s . P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
basis o f the fo llo w in g definitions.
C lass A . C la s s ifie s and indexes file m a te r ia l such as corresp on d en ce, re p o rts, tech ­
nical docum ents, etc., in an establish ed filin g system containing a number o f v a rie d subject
m a tter file s . M ay also file this m a te r ia l. M ay keep re co rd s o f variou s types in conjunction
with the file s .
M ay lead a sm all group o f lo w e r le v e l file c le rk s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with o r without a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to keep a re c o rd
o f business tran saction s.

C lass B . S orts, codes, and file s
ings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by
c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e aids. A s requ ested,
w ards m a te r ia l. M ay p e r fo rm re la ted

C la ss A . K eeps a set o f re co rd s re q u irin g a know ledge o f and ex p erien c e in basic
bookkeeping p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y with the stru ctu re o f the p a rticu la r accounting system
used. D eterm in es p rop e r re c o rd s and d istribu tion o f debit and cred it item s to be used in each
phase o f the w ork. M ay p rep a re consolidated re p o rts , balance sheets, and oth er re co rd s
by hand.
C la ss B. Keeps a re c o rd o f one o r m o re phases o r sections o f a set o f re co rd s usually
re q u irin g little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases o r sections include accounts payable,
p a y ro ll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type o f b illin g d e s crib e d under b ille r ,
m ach in e), cost distribu tion , expense distribu tion , in ven to ry con trol, etc. M ay check o r a ssist
in* p reparation of tr ia l balances and p rep a re con trol sheets fo r the accounting departm ent.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o re accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as posting to r e g is te r s and le d g e rs ;
re con cilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in tern al consistency, com pleten ess, and m ath em atical
accu ra cy of accounting documents; a ssignin g p re s c rib e d accounting distribu tion codes; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r ic a l accu ra cy va rio u s types o f re p o r ts , lis ts , calcu lation s, posting, etc.;
o r p rep a rin g sim ple o r a ssistin g in p rep a rin g m o re com p licated journal vou ch ers. M ay w ork
in eith er a manual o r automated accounting system .
The w ork re q u ire s a know ledge o f c le r ic a l m ethods and o ffic e p r a c tic es and procedu res
which re la te s to the c le r ic a l p ro ce ssin g and re co rd in g o f tran saction s and accounting in form ation .
With ex p erien c e, the w o rk er ty p ic a lly becom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and proced u res used in the a ssign ed w ork, but is not re qu ired to have a know ledge o f the fo rm a l
p rin cip les o f bookkeeping and accounting.




the

u n classified m a te r ia l by sim p le (su bject m a tter) head­
fin er subheadings. P r e p a re s sim ple re lated index and
lo ca tes c le a r ly id en tified m a te r ia l in file s and f o r ­
c le r ic a l tasks requ ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

C lass C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lrea d y been c la s s ifie d o r which
is ea sily c la s s ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l cla s s ific a tio n system (e .g ., alph abetical, ch ro n o lo gica l,
o r n u m eric a l). A s requ ested, lo ca tes re a d ily a va ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and forw a rds m a ­
te r ia l; and m ay f i l l out w ithdraw al ch arge. M ay p e rfo rm sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks
re q u ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s cu sto m ers' o rd e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m erch a n dise by m a il, phone, o r p erso n a lly.
Duties in volv e any com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p r ic e s to cu sto m ers; making out an o rd e r
sheet listin g the item s to m ake up the o rd e r ; checking p r ic e s and quantities of item s on o rd e r
sheet; and distribu tin g o rd e r sheets to re s p e c tiv e departm en ts to be fille d . M ay check with cred it
departm ent to determ in e c r e d it rating o ( cu sto m er, acknow ledge re ceip t of o rd e rs fro m cu stom ers,
fo llo w up o rd e rs to see that they have been fille d , keep file o f o rd e rs re c e iv e d , and check shipping
in vo ic es with o rig in a l o rd e r s .
CLERK, PA Y R O LL
Computes w ages o f company em p loy ees and en ters the n ec e s s a ry data on the p a yroll
sheets. Duties in volv e: C alcu lating w o r k e r s ' earn in gs based on tim e o r production re co rd s; and
posting calcu lated data on p a y ro ll sheet, showing in form a tion such as w o r k e r 's name, w orking
days, tim e, ra te, deductions fo r in su rance, and total w ages due. M ay m ake out paychecks and
a ssist pa ym a ster in m aking up and distribu tin g pay en velopes.
M ay use a calcu lating machine.

N O T E : Since the la st su rv ey in this a re a , the Bureau has (1) discontinued c o llectin g data fo r C o m p to m eter o p e ra to rs , (2) changed
e le c tro n ic s technicians c la s s ific a tio n fr o m a sin gle le v e l to a three le v e l job, and (3) begun c o llectin g data fo r w arehousem en.

42

43
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

O perates a keypunch m achine to r e c o r d
tabulating card s o r on tape.

o r v e r ify

alphabetic

and/or n um eric

data on

P o sitio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g d efin ition s.
C lass A . W ork re q u ire s the application o f e x p erien c e and judgm ent in s ele ctin g p r o c e ­
dures to be fo llow ed and in search in g fo r , in te rp retin g , sele ctin g , o r coding item s to be
keypunched fr o m a v a rie ty o f sou rce docum ents. On o cca sio n m ay also p e r fo rm som e routine
keypunch w ork.
M ay tra in in exp erien ced keypunch o p era to rs.

N O T E : The te rm "c o rp o ra te o ffic e r , " used in the le v e l d efinitions follow in g, r e fe r s to
those o ffic ia ls who have a sign ifican t c o rp o ra te-w id e policym aking r o le with re ga rd to m a jo r
company a c tiv itie s . The title " v ic e p r e s id e n t," though n orm a lly in d ica tive o f this ro le, does not
in a ll ca ses id en tify such position s. V ic e presiden ts whose p r im a ry re sp o n sib ility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual ca ses o r tran saction s (e .g ., approve o r deny individual loan o r c re d it action s;
adm in ister individual tru st accounts; d ir e c tly su p ervise a c le r ic a l sta ff) a re not co n sid ered to be
"c o rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes o f applying the fo llow in g le v e l d efin itio n s .
C la ss A

a ll,
C la ss B . W ork is routine and re p e titiv e . Under clo s e su p ervision o r fo llo w in g s p e cific
proced u res o r in stru ction s, w orks fr o m va rio u s standardized source documents which have
been coded, and fo llo w s s p e cified proced u res which have been p r e s c r ib e d in d eta il and re q u ire
little o r no s ele ctin g , coding, o r in te rp retin g o f data to be re co rd ed . R e fe rs to su p erviso r
problem s a ris in g fro m erron eou s item s o r codes o r m is s in g in form ation .

1. S e c re ta r y to the chairm an o f the board o r presid en t o f a company that em ploys, in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p erso n s; or *
1

2. S e c re ta ry to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the chairm an o f the board or p residen t)
o f a com pany that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p erso n s; o r
3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m ed ia tely below the co rp o ra te o ffic e r le v e l,
segm ent o r su bsid iary o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p erso n s.

o f a m a jo r

C la ss B

M ESSENGER (O ffic e Boy o r G irl)

1. S e c re ta r y to the chairm an o f the board o r p residen t o f a company that em p loys, in
fe w e r than 100 p erso n s; o r

P e r fo r m s va riou s routine duties such as running erra n d s, operatin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
chines such as s e a le rs o r m a ile r s , opening and d istribu tin g m a il, and other m in o r c le r ic a l w ork.
Exclude positions that re q u ire operation o f a m o to r veh ic le as a significan t duty.

a ll,

SECRETARY

3. S e c re ta ry to the head, im m ed ia tely below the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
co rp o ra te -w id e functional a ctivity (e .g ., m a rketin g, re sea rch , opera tio n s, indu strial r e la tion s, e tc .) o r a m a jo r geograph ic o r o rga n izatio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a re gio n a l h eadquarters;
a m a jo r d ivis io n ) o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000
em p lo y e e s ; o r

A ssign ed as p erson al s e c re ta ry , n o rm a lly to one in dividu al. Maintains a clo s e and high ly
respon sive relation sh ip to the d a y-to -d a y w ork o f the su p e rv is o r. W orks fa ir ly independently r e ­
ceiv in g a m inim um o f detailed su pervision and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l
duties, usually including m ost o f the fo llo w in g :

a. R e c e iv e s telephone c a lls , person a l c a lle r s , and incom ing m a il,
in q u ires, and routes tech nical in q u iries to the p ro p e r person s:

answ ers

b.

E sta b lish es, m ain tain s,

c.

R ela y s m essa ges fr o m s u p erviso r to subordinates;

4. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an individual plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r other equivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p erso n s; or
5. S e c re ta ry to the head o f a la rg e and im portant orga n izatio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a m iddle
m anagem ent s u p erviso r o f an orga n ization a l segm ent often in volvin g as many as s e v e ra l
hundred p erso n s) o r a company that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e rs o n s .

M aintains the s u p e r v is o r's calen dar and m akes appointments as in stru cted;

d.

routine

2. S e c re ta ry to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the chairm an o f the board or presid en t)
o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r's file s ;
C la ss C

e. R ev iew s corresp o n d en ce, m em orandum s, and re p o rts p rep a red
s u p e r v is o r's signature to assu re p roced u ra l and typographic a ccu racy;
f.

by others fo r the

1. S e c re ta r y to an execu tive o r m a n a geria l person whose re sp o n sib ility is not equ ivalent
to one o f the sp e cific le v e l situations in the definition fo r cla ss B, but whose o rgan ization al
unit n o rm a lly num bers at lea st s e v e ra l dozen em ployees and is usually d ivid ed into o rg a n iz a ­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, fu rth er subdivided. In som e com panies, this le v e l
includes a w ide range o f o rga n izatio n a l echelons; in oth ers, on ly one o r two; c>r
2. S e c re ta ry to the head o f an individual plant, fa cto ry, etc. (o r other equivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em ploys, in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .

P e r fo r m s stenographic and typing w ork.

May a lso p e rfo rm oth er c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f com parable nature and d ifficu lty .
The w ork ty p ic a lly re q u ires know ledge o f o ffic e routine and understanding o f the orga n ization ,
p r o g ra m s , and p roced u res re la ted to the w ork o f the su p erviso r.

Exclu sions
Not a ll position s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p osses s the above c h a ra c te ris tic s .
o f position s which a re excluded fr o m the definition a re as fo llo w s :

Exam ples

C lass D
1. S e c re ta r y to the su p erviso r o r head o f a sm all o rga n izatio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p erso n s); m*
2. S e c re ta ry to a n on su pervisory sta ff sp e cia list, p rofe ssio n a l em p loyee, a d m in istra ­
tiv e o ffic e r , o r a ssistan t, skilled technician o r ex p ert.
(N O T E : Many com panies assign
sten ograph ers, ra th er than s e c re ta rie s as d es crib e d above, to this le v e l of su p erviso ry o r
n on su pervisory w o r k e r .)
S TE N O G R A P H E R

a.

P o sition s

b.

S tenographers not fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e t a r ia l type duties;

which do not m eet the

"p e r s o n a l"

s e c re ta ry

concept d e s crib e d

above;

c. Stenographers servin g as o ffic e assistan ts to a group o f p ro fe ssio n a l, tech n ical, or
m a n a geria l persons;
d. S e c re ta r y position s in which the duties a re eith er substantially m o re routine o r
su bstan tially m o re com plex and resp o n sib le than those c h a ra c te riz e d in the definition;

P r im a r y duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tra n s c rib e the dictation. M ay
also type fr o m w ritten copy. M ay opera te fro m a stenographic pool. M ay o cca sio n a lly tra n s c rib e
fro m v o ic e re co rd in g s ( i f p r im a ry duty is tra n scrib in g fr o m re c o rd in g s , see T ra n scrib in g-M a ch in e
O p era to r, G en era l).
N O T E : Th is jo b is distinguished fr o m that o f a s e c re ta ry in that a s e c re ta ry n o rm a lly
w orks in a con fiden tial relation sh ip with only one m an ager o r execu tive and p erfo rm s m o re
re spon sib le and d is c re tio n a ry tasks as d e s crib e d in the s e c re ta ry job definition.
S tenographer, G eneral

e. A ssista n t type positions which in volve m o re d iffic u lt o r m o re resp o n sib le tech ­
n ica l, a d m in istra tive, su p e rv is o ry , o r s p e c ia lize d c le r ic a l duties which a re not ty p ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w ork.




D ictation in volv es a n orm al routine voca b u la ry. M ay m aintain file s , keep sim ple re c o r d s ,
o r p e rfo rm oth er r e la t iv e ly routine c le r ic a l tasks.

44
S TE N O G R A P H E R — Continued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c tr ic Accounting Machine O p era to r)— Continued

Stenographer, Senior

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llo w in g definitions.

Dictation in volv es a v a rie d tech n ical o r s p e c ia lize d vocabu lary such as in le g a l b rie fs
o r re p orts on s cie n tific re s e a rc h . M ay also set up and m aintain file s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r fo r m s stenographic duties re q u irin g sig n ific a n tly g r e a te r independence and resp o n ­
s ib ility than sten ograph er, ge n era l, as evid enced by the fo llow in g:
W ork re q u ires a high
d e g re e o f stenographic speed and a ccu racy; a thorough w orkin g knowledge o f ge n era l business
and o ffic e p rocedu re; and o f the s p e c ific business opera tio n s, orga n ization , p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
du res, file s , w ork flo w , etc. U ses this know ledge in p erfo rm in g stenographic duties and
respon sib le c le r ic a l tasks such as m aintaining follow u p file s ; assem blin g m a te r ia l fo r re p o rts,
m em orandum s, and le tte r s ; com posing sim ple le tte rs fr o m gen era l in stru ction s: read ing and
routing incom ing m a il; and answ erin g routine qu estion s, etc.
SW ITC H B O AR D O P E R A T O R
C lass A . O perates a sin gle- o r m u ltip le-p ositio n telephone sw itchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r fo r m s full telephone in form ation s e r v ic e o r handles
com p lex c e ils , such as co n feren ce, c o lle c t, o v e rs e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , eith er in addition to
doing routine w ork as d e s crib e d fo r sw itch board o p e ra to r, cla ss B, o r as a fu ll-tim e
assignm ent. (" F u l l " telephone in form a tion s e r v ic e o ccu rs when the establish m ent has v a rie d
functions that a re not re a d ily understandable fo r telephone in form ation pu rposes, e .g ., because
o f overla pp in g o r in te rre la te d functions, and consequently presen t frequent p roblem s as to
which extensions a re a ppropria te fo r c a lls .)
C la ss B . O perates a single- o r m u ltip le-p ositio n telephone sw itchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffic e c a lls . M ay handle routine long distance c a lls and re c o rd to lls .
M ay p e r fo rm lim ite d telephone in form a tion s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " telephone in form a tion s e r v ic e
o ccu rs i f the functions o f the establish m ent s e r v ic e d a re re a d ily understandable fo r telephone
in form a tion pu rp oses, o r i f the requ ests a re routine, e.g ., giving extension num bers when
s p e c ific names a re fu rn ish ed, o r i f co m p lex ca lls a re r e fe r r e d to another o p era to r.)
T h ese cla s s ific a tio n s do not include sw itchboard o p era to rs in telephone com panies who
a s s is t cu sto m ers in placin g c a lls .
S W ITC H B O AR D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p erfo rm in g duties o f o p era to r on a s in g le-p o sitio n o r m o n ito r-ty p e sw itch ­
board, acts as re cep tio n ist and m a y also type o r p e r fo rm routine c le r ic a l w ork as part o f regu la r
duties.
Th is typing o r c le r ic a l w ork m ay take the m a jo r part o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
sw itchboard.
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c tr ic Accounting M achine O p era to r)
O perates one o r a v a rie ty o f m achines such as the tabu lator, ca lcu la tor, c o lla to r, in te r­
p r e te r , s o rte r , reprodu cin g punch, etc. Excluded fr o m this defin ition a re w orkin g s u p erviso rs.
A ls o excluded a re o p era to rs o f e le c tro n ic d ig ita l com pu ters, even though they m ay also o pera te
E A M equipment.

G lass A . P e r fo r m s com plete reportin g and tabulating assignm ents including d evisin g
d ifficu lt co n trol panel w irin g under gen era l su p ervision . A ssign m en ts typ ic a lly in volve a
v a rie ty o f long and com p lex re p o rts which often a re ir r e g u la r o r n on recu rrin g, requ irin g
som e planning o f the nature and sequencing o f o peration s, and the use o f a v a rie ty o f m a ­
chines. Is ty p ic a lly in volved in tra in in g new o p era to rs in machine operations o r train ing
lo w e r le v e l o p era to rs in w irin g fro m dia gra m s and in the operatin g sequences o f long and
com p lex re p o r ts .
Does not include positions in which w irin g re s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to
selection and in sertio n o f p r e w ire d boards.
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s w ork a ccordin g to establish ed procedu res and under sp e cific in ­
stru ctions. A ssignm ents ty p ic a lly in volv e com plete but routine and re c u rrin g reports o r parts
o f la r g e r and m o re com p lex re p o rts. O perates m o re d ifficu lt tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l a c ­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and ca lcu la tor, in addition to the sim p ler machines
used by cla ss C o p e ra to rs . M ay be re qu ired to do som e w irin g fro m d iagram s M ay tra in
new em p loyees in basic m achine operations.
C la ss C . Under s p e c ific in stru ction s, o pera tes sim ple tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l accounting
m achines such as the s o rte r , in te rp r e te r, reprodu cin g punch, c o lla to r, etc. A ssignm ents
ty p ic a lly in vo lv e portions o f a w ork unit, fo r exam ple, individual so rtin g o r colla tin g runs,
o r re p e titiv e o p era tio n s. M ay p e r fo rm sim ple w irin g fro m d ia gra m s, and do som e filin g w ork.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tra n scrib e dictation in volvin g a n orm al routine vocabu lary fro m
tra n scrib in g -m a ch in e re c o r d s .
M ay also type fr o m w ritten copy and do sim ple c le r ic a l w ork.
W ork ers tra n scrib in g dictation in volvin g a v a rie d tech n ical o r s p e c ia lize d vocabu lary such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r re p orts on sc ie n tific re sea rch a re not included. A w o rk er who takes dictation
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r machine is c la s s ifie d as a sten ograph er.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w r ite r to m ake co p ies o f va riou s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fter c a lcu la ­
tions have been m ade by another perso n . M ay include typing o f sten cils, m ats, o r s im ila r m a te ­
r ia ls fo r use in duplicating p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r ic a l w ork in volvin g little specia l train ing, such
as keeping sim ple re c o rd s , filin g re c o rd s and re p o rts , o r sortin g and distribu tin g incom ing m a il.
C la ss A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a te ria l in final fo rm when
it in volv es com bining m a te r ia l fro m s e v e ra l sou rces: o r re s p o n s ib ility fo r c o rr e c t spellin g,
sy llab ica tio n , punctuation, etc., o f tech nical o r unusual w ords o r fo re ig n language m a te ­
ria l; o r planning layout and typing o f co m plicated sta tistica l ta bles to m aintain u n iform ity
and balance in spacing. M ay type routine fo rm le tte rs , v a ry in g deta ils to suit circu m sta n ces.
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing fro m rough o r c le a r
d ra fts ; o r routine typing o f fo rm s , insurance p o lic ie s , etc.; o r setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; o r copying m o re com plex tables a lrea d y set up and spaced p ro p e rly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

C O M PU TER O PER ATO R
M o n ito rs and o p era tes the control console o f a d ig ita l com puter to p ro ce ss data accordin g
to operatin g in stru ctio n s, usually p rep a red by a p r o g ra m e r . W ork includes m o st of the fo llo w in g :
Studies in stru ction s to determ in e equipm ent setup and o pera tion s; loads equipment with re qu ired
item s (tape r e e ls , card s, e tc .); sw itches n ece s s a ry a u x ilia ry equipment into c ir c u it, and starts
and op era tes com puter; m akes adjustments to com pu ter to c o r r e c t operatin g prob lem s and m eet
sp ecia l conditions; re v ie w s e r r o r s m ade during operation and d eterm in es cause o r r e fe r s problem
to s u p erviso r o r p r o g ra m e r ; and m aintains o pera tin g r e c o r d s . M a y test and a s s is t in c o rre c tin g
p ro g ra m .
F o r w age study pu rp oses,

com puter o p era to rs a re c la s s ifie d as fo llow s:

C lass A . O perates independently, o r under only gen era l d irection , a com puter running
p rog ra m s with m ost o f the fo llo w in g c h a ra c te ris tic s :
New p rogra m s a re frequ en tly tested
and introduced; scheduling requ irem en ts a re o f c r itic a l im portan ce to m in im iz e downtime;
the p ro g ra m s a re o f com p lex design so that id en tifica tion o f e r r o r sou rce often re q u ires a
w orkin g know ledge o f the total p ro g ra m , and a ltern a te prog ra m s m ay not be a va ila b le. M ay
giv e d irectio n and guidance to lo w e r le v e l o p era to rs.
C lass B. O perates independently, o r under only ge n era l d irectio n , a com puter running
p ro g ra m s with m ost o f the fo llo w in g c h a ra c te ris tic s : M ost o f the p ro g ra m s a re establish ed
production runs, ty p ic a lly run on a re g u la rly re c u rrin g basis; th ere is little o r no testin g




o f new p rog ra m s re q u ired ; a ltern a te p ro g ra m s a re p rovid ed in case o rigin a l program needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o rr e c te d within a reason able tim e. In comm on e r r o r situ a­
tion s, diagnoses cause and takes c o r r e c t iv e action. Th is usually in volv es applying p revio u sly
p rog ra m ed c o r r e c t iv e steps, o r using standard c o rr e c tio n techniques.
OR
O perates under d ir e c t su p ervision a com puter running p ro g ra m s o r segm ents o f p rogra m s
with the c h a ra c te ris tic s d es crib e d fo r cla ss A . M ay a ssist a higher- le v e l o p era to r by inde­
pendently p erfo rm in g le s s d ifficu lt tasks assigned, and p e rfo rm in g d ifficu lt tasks follow in g
deta iled in stru ction s and with frequent re v ie w o f operations p e rfo rm e d .
C lass C . W orks on routine p rog ra m s under clo s e su p ervision . Is expected to develop
w orking know ledge o f the com puter equipment used and a b ility to detect problem s in volved in
running routine p ro g ra m s . U su ally has re c e iv e d som e fo rm a l tra in in g in com puter operation.
M ay a ssist h igh er le v e l o p era to r on com plex p ro g ra m s.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS
C on verts statem ents o f business p rob le m s, ty p ic a lly p repa red by a system s analyst, into
a sequence o f d eta iled in stru ction s which a re re q u ired to so lve the prob lem s by autom atic data
p ro ce ssin g equipm ent. W orking from charts o r d ia gra m s, the p r o g ra m e r develop s the p r e c is e in ­
structions which, when en tered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation

45
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS— Continued
o f data to a ch ieve d es ire d re su lts . W ork in volv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lies knowledge o f
com pu ter ca p a b ilitie s , m ath em atics, lo g ic em ployed by com pu ters, and p a rticu la r subject m a tter
in volved to a nalyze charts and dia gra m s o f the prob lem to be p rogra m ed ; d evelop s sequence
o f p ro g ra m steps; w rite s d eta iled flo w charts to show o rd e r in which data w ill be p ro ce ssed ;
co n verts these ch arts to coded in stru ction s fo r m achine to fo llo w ; tests and c o r r e c ts p rog ra m s;
p rep a res in stru ction s fo r operatin g personn el during production run; a n alyzes, re v ie w s , and a lters
p ro g ra m s to in c re a s e operatin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new requ irem en ts; m aintains re co rd s o f
p ro g ra m developm en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W ork ers p erfo rm in g both system s analysis and p r o ­
gra m in g should be c la s s ifie d as system s analysts i f this is the sk ill used to d eterm in e th e ir pay.)
Does not include em p loyees p r im a r ily resp o n sib le fo r the m anagem ent o r su p ervisio n o f
oth er e le c tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g em p loy ees, o r p r o g ra m e r s p r im a r ily concerned with s cie n tific
and/or en gin eerin g p rob le m s.
F o r w age study pu rp oses, p r o g ra m e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s:
C lass A . W orks independently o r under only ge n era l d ire c tio n on qom plex prob lem s which
re q u ire com petence in a ll phases o f p rog ra m in g concepts and p ra c tic e s . W orking fr o m d ia ­
gram s and charts which id en tify the nature o f d es ire d re su lts , m a jo r p ro c e s s in g steps to be
accom plished , and the relationships between va rio u s steps o f the problem solvin g routine;
plans the fu ll range o f p rog ra m in g actions needed to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the com puter system
in ach ievin g d e s ired end products.
A t this le v e l, p rogra m in g is d ifficu lt because com puter equipment m ust be o rga n ized to
produce s e v e ra l in te rre la te d but d iv e rs e products fro m num erous and d iv e rs e data elem en ts.
A w ide v a rie ty and ex ten sive number o f in tern al p ro ce ssin g actions must o ccu r. Th is re q u ires
such actions as developm ent o f com m on operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between opera tio n s, adjustments to data when p rog ra m requ irem en ts exceed
com puter stora ge capacity, and substantial m anipulation and resequ encing o f data elem ents
to fo rm a high ly in tegra ted p ro g ra m .
M ay p rovid e functional d irectio n to lo w e r le v e l p ro g ra m e rs who a re assigned to a ssist.
C lass B . W orks independently o r under only gen era l d irection on re la t iv e ly sim ple
p ro g ra m s, o r on sim ple segm ents o f com plex p ro g ra m s .
P ro g ra m s (o r segm en ts) usually
p ro ce ss in form a tion to produce data in two o r three v a rie d sequences o r fo rm a ts. R ep orts
and listin gs a re produced by refin in g, adapting, a rra y in g , o r m aking m in o r additions to or
deletion s fro m input data which a re re a d ily a va ila b le.
W hile numerous re c o rd s m a y be
p roce ssed , the data have been refin ed in p r io r actions so that the a ccu ra cy and sequencing
o f data can be tested by using a few routine checks. T y p ic a lly , the p ro g ra m deals with
routine re co rd -k ee p in g type o peration s.
OR
W orks on com p lex p rog ra m s (as d es crib e d fo r cla ss A ) under clo se d ire c tio n o f a h igher
le v e l p r o g ra m e r o r s u p erviso r. M ay a ssist h igh er le v e l p r o g ra m e r by independently p e r ­
fo rm in g le s s d ifficu lt tasks assigned, and p erfo rm in g m o re d iffic u lt tasks under fa ir ly clo se
d irection .
M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g ra m e r s .
C la s s C .
M akes p ra c tic a l applications o f p ro g ra m in g p r a c tic es and concepts usually
lea rn ed in fo rm a l tra in in g co u rses . A ssign m en ts a re design ed to d evelop com petence in the
application o f standard procedu res to routine p rob le m s. R e c e iv e s clo se su p ervision on new
aspects o f assignm ents: and w ork is re v ie w e d to v e r ify its a ccu racy and conform ance with
requ ired p roce d u res.
C O M P U T E R S YSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly ze s business problem s to form u la te proced u res fo r so lvin g them by use o f elec tro n ic
data p ro c e s s in g equipment. D evelops a com plete d es crip tio n o f a ll specifica tion s needed to enable
p r o g ra m e r s to p rep a re re qu ired d ig ita l com puter p ro g ra m s. W ork in volv es m ost of the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly ze s su b jec t-m a tter operations to be automated and id en tifies conditions and c r ite r ia re qu ired
to a ch ieve sa tis fa c to ry resu lts; s p e cifies number and types of re c o r d s , file s , and documents to
be used; outlin es actions to be p erfo rm e d by personn el and com pu ters in su fficien t detail fo r
presen tation to m anagem ent and fo r p rog ra m in g (ty p ic a lly this in volv es p repa ra tion o f w ork and
data flo w ch a rts); co ordin ates the developm ent o f test problem s and p a rticip ates in tr ia l runs o f
new and re v is e d sy stem s; and recom m en ds equipment changes to obtain m o re e ffe c tiv e o v e r a ll
o p era tio n s. (N O T E : W ork ers p erfo rm in g both system s analysis and p rog ra m in g should be c la s ­
s ifie d as system s analysts i f this is the sk ill used to determ in e th e ir pay.)
Does not include em p loyees p r im a r ily resp o n sib le fo r the m anagem ent o r su p ervision
o f other ele c tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g em p lo y ees, o r system s analysts p r im a r ily concern ed with
sc ie n tific o r en gin eerin g p rob lem s.
F o r w age study pu rp oses,

system s analysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llow s:

C lass A . W orks independently or under only gen era l d irectio n on com p lex p roblem s in ­
v o lvin g all phases o f system s a n a lysis. P ro b le m s a re com p lex because o f d iv e rs e sou rces o f
input data and m u ltip le-u se requ irem en ts o f output data. (F o r exam ple, develop s an in tegrated
production scheduling, in ven tory co n trol, cost a n a ly sis, and sales analysis r e c o r d in which




C O M P U T E R SYS TE M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued
e v e r y item o f each type is au tom a tica lly p ro c e s s e d through the fu ll system o f re co rd s and
a ppropria te follow u p action s a re in itia ted by the com puter.) C on fers with persons concerned to
determ in e the data p ro c e s s in g prob lem s and advises su b ject-m a tter personn el on the im p lic a ­
tions o f new o r re v is e d system s o f data p ro ce ssin g operations. M akes recom m en dation s, if
needed, fo r ap p rova l o f m a jo r system s in stallations o r changes and fo r obtaining equipment.
M ay p rovid e functional d irectio n to lo w e r
a ssist.

le v e l system s analysts who a re a ssign ed to

C la ss B . W orks independently o r under only ge n era l d irectio n on problem s that a re
r e la t iv e ly u ncom plicated to an alyze, plan, p ro g ra m , and o p era te. P ro b le m s a re o f lim ited
c o m p le x ity because sou rces o f input data a re hom ogeneous and the output data a re c lo s e ly
re la ted . (F o r ex a m p le, develops system s fo r m aintaining d ep osito r accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts re c e iv a b le in a re ta il establish m ent, o r m aintaining in ven tory accounts
in a m anufacturing o r w h olesale esta blish m en t.) C o n fers with persons concern ed to determ in e
the data p ro c e s s in g problem s and advises su b jec t-m a tter personn el on the im p lica tion s o f the
data p ro c e s s in g system s to be applied.
OR
W orks on a segm ent o f a com plex data p ro ce ssin g schem e o r system , as d escrib ed fo r
cla ss A . W orks independently on routine assignm ents and r e c e iv e s in stru ction and guidance
on com p lex assignm ents.
W ork is re v ie w e d fo r a ccu ra cy o f judgm ent, com plian ce with
in stru ction s, and to in su re p rop e r alinem en t with the o v e r a ll system .
C lass C . W orks under im m edia te su p ervisio n , ca rry in g out analyses as assigned, usually
o f a sin gle a c tiv ity .
A ssignm ents a re designed to develop and expand p ra c tic a l ex p erien ce
in the a pplication o f proced u res and s k ills re q u ired fo r system s analysis w ork. F o r exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a h igh er le v e l system s analyst by p rep a rin g the deta iled sp e cifica tion s requ ired
by p r o g ra m e r s fr o m in form a tion develop ed by the h igh er le v e l analyst.
DRAFTSM AN
C la ss A . Plan s the graphic presen tation o f com plex item s having distin ctive design
fea tu res that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m esta blish ed draftin g preceden ts. Works in clo s e sup­
p o rt with the design o rig in a to r , and m ay recom m en d m in o r design changes. A n a lyzes the
e ffe c t o f each change on the details o f fo rm , function, and positional relationships o f c o m ­
ponents and p a rts.
Works with a m inim um o f s u p erviso ry a ssista n ce. Com pleted w ork is
re v ie w e d by design o rig in a to r fo r co nsistency with p r io r en gin eerin g determ in ation s. May
e ith er p rep a re d raw in gs, o r d ir e c t th e ir prep a ra tion by lo w e r le v e l draftsm en.
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s nonroutine and com p lex draftin g assignm ents that r e q u i r e the a p p li­
cation o f m o st o f the standardized draw ing techniques re g u la rly used. Duties ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e such w ork as:
P r e p a re s w orkin g draw ings o f su bassem blies with ir r e g u la r shapes,
m u ltiple fu n ction s, and p r e c is e p o sition al relation sh ips between com ponents; prepa res a rc h i­
tectu ra l draw in gs fo r constru ction o f a building including d etail draw ings o f foundations, w all
section s, flo o r plans, and ro o f. Uses accep ted form u la s and manuals in making n ecess a ry
com putations to determ in e qu antities o f m a te ria ls to be used, load ca p a cities, strength s,
s tre s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in stru ction s, re qu irem en ts, and advice fro m su p erviso r.
C om p leted w ork is checked fo r tech nical adequacy.
C la ss C . P r e p a re s d eta il draw ings o f sin gle units o r parts fo r en gin eerin g, construction,
m anufacturing, o r re p a ir pu rposes. Types o f draw ings p rep a red include is o m e tr ic p rojectio n s
(dep icting th ree dim ensions in accu rate s ca le) and section al view s to c la r ify positioning of
components and convey needed in form a tion . C on solidates deta ils fr o m a num ber o f sou rces
and adjusts o r tran sposes sca le as re q u ired . Suggested methods o f approach, applicable
preceden ts, and advice on sou rce m a te r ia ls a re given with in itia l assignm ents. Instructions
a re less com plete when assignm ents re cu r.
W ork m ay be spot-ch ecked during p r o g re s s .
D RAFTSM AN - TRAC ER
C opies plans and draw ings p rep a red by oth ers by placin g tra cin g cloth o r paper o v e r
draw ings and tra cin g with pen o r pen cil. (D oes not include tra cin g lim ited to plans p r im a r ily
con sistin g o f stra igh t lin es and a la rg e scale not re q u irin g clo se d elin eation .)
AND/OR
P r e p a re s sim p le o r re p e titiv e draw ings o f e a s ily v isu a lized item s .
during p r o g re s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly su p ervised

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W orks on va rio u s types o f ele c tro n ic equipment and re la ted d ev ices by p erfo rm in g one
o r a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g, m aintaining, re p a irin g , overh au ling, trou blesh ooting,
m o d ifyin g, constru cting, and testin g. W ork re q u ires p r a c tic a l application o f tech nical knowledge
o f e le c tro n ic s p rin c ip le s , a b ility to d eterm in e m alfu n ction s, and s k ill to put equipm ent in re q u ired
operatin g condition.

46
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

The equipment— con sistin g o f eith e r m any d iffe re n t kinds o f circu its o r m u ltiple rep etition
o f the sam e kind o f circ u it— inclu des, but is not lim ited to , the fo llow in g: (a) E lec tro n ic tra n s ­
m ittin g and re c e iv in g equipm ent (e .g ., ra d a r, ra d io , t e le v is io n , telephone, sonar, n avigation al
a id s ), (b) d ig ita l and analog co m pu ters, and (c ) in du strial and m e d ic a l m easu rin g and co n trollin g
equipment.
Th is c la s s ific a tio n exclu des re p a irm e n o f such standard ele c tro n ic equipment as com m on
o ffic e m achines and household ra dio and t e le v is io n sets; production a ssem b lers and te s te r s ; w o rk ­
e r s whose p r im a r y duty is s e r v ic in g ele c tro n ic te s t in stru m en ts; technicians who have a d m in is­
tra tiv e o r su p e rv is o ry re sp o n sib ility ; and d raftsm en , d e s ig n e rs , and p ro fe s s io n a l en gin eers.
P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llo w in g definitions.
C la ss A . A p p lies advanced tech n ical know ledge to so lv e unusually com p lex p roblem s
(i.e ., those that ty p ic a lly cannot be so lved s o le ly by r e fe re n c e to m a n u fa ctu rers' manuals o r
s im ila r docum ents) in w orkin g on e le c tro n ic equipm ent. Exam ples o f such prob lem s include
loca tio n and den sity o f c ir c u itr y , e le c tr o -m a g n e tic ra dia tion , iso la tin g m alfu n ction s, and
frequent en gin eerin g ch a n ges. W ork in volv es: A d eta iled understanding o f the in te rre la tio n ­
ships o f c irc u its ; e x e rc is in g independent judgm ent in p e r fo rm in g such tasks as m aking circ u it
a n a ly ses, calcu la tin g w ave fo rm s , tra cin g relation sh ips in signal flo w ; and re g u la rly using
co m p lex test instrum ents (e .g ., dual t ra c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e te rs , deviatio n m e te rs , pulse
g e n e r a to rs ).
W ork m a y be re v ie w e d by s u p erviso r (freq u e n tly an en gin eer o r d es ig n er) fo r gen era l
co m plian ce with accep ted p ra c tic e s . M ay p ro vid e tech n ical guidance to lo w e r le v e l tech nician s.
C lass B . A p p lies com p reh en sive tech n ical know ledge to so lve co m p lex p rob le m s (i.e .,
those that ty p ic a lly can be so lved s o le ly by p r o p e rly in te rp retin g m a n u fa ctu rers' manuals o r
s im ila r docum ents) in w orkin g on e le c tr o n ic equipm ent. W ork in volv es: A fa m ilia r it y with
the in te rre la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its ; and judgm ent in determ in in g w ork sequence and in s ele ctin g
too ls and testin g in stru m en ts, u su ally le s s co m p le x than those used by the cla ss A technician.

R e c e iv e s tech n ical guidance, as requ ired , fr o m su p e rv is o r o r h igh er le v e l technician,
and w ork is re v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific com plian ce with accep ted p ra c tic e s and w ork assignm ents.
M ay p rovid e tech n ical guidance to lo w e r le v e l tech nician s.
C lass C . A p p lies w orkin g tech n ical know ledge to p e r fo rm sim p le o r routine tasks in
w orkin g on e le c tr o n ic equipm ent, fo llow in g d eta iled in stru ction s which c o v e r v ir tu a lly a ll
p roce d u res.
W ork ty p ic a lly in vo lv es such tasks as: A s s is tin g h igh er le v e l technicians by
p e rfo rm in g such a c tiv itie s as rep la cin g com ponents, w irin g c ir c u its , and taking test readings;
re p a irin g sim p le e le c tro n ic equipment; and using too ls and com m on test instrum ents (e .g .,
m u ltim e te rs , audio signal g e n era to rs , tube te s te r s , o s c illo s c o p e s ).
Is not requ ired to be
fa m ilia r with the in te rre la tio n s h ip s o f circ u its . Th is know ledge, h ow eve r, m a y be acqu ired
through assignm ents design ed to in cre a s e com petence (inclu ding c la s s ro o m training) so that
w o rk er can advance to h igh er le v e l technician.
R e c e iv e s tech n ical guidance, as requ ired , fr o m s u p erviso r o r h igh er le v e l tech nician .
W ork is ty p ic a lly spot checked, but is giv en deta iled re v ie w when new o r advanced assignm ents
a re in volved .

NU RSE, IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is te re d )
A r e g is te r e d nurse who g iv e s nursing s e r v ic e under g e n era l m e d ic a l d irectio n to i l l or
in ju red em p loy ees o r oth er person s who becom e il l o r su ffe r an accident on the p rem ise s o f a
fa c to ry o r oth er establish m ent. Duties in vo lv e a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : G iving fir s t aid
to the i l l o r in jured; attending to subsequent d ressin g o f em p lo y e e s ' in ju ries; keeping re c o rd s
o f patients trea ted ; p rep a rin g accident re p orts fo r com pensation o r oth er pu rposes; a ssistin g in
ph ysical exam inations and health evaluations o f applicants and em p loy ees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing-out p ro g ra m s in volv in g health education, accident preven tion , evalu ation o f plant environm ent,
o r oth er a c tiv itie s a ffec tin g the health, w e lfa re , and sa fety o f a ll perso n n el. N u rsing s u p erviso rs
o r head n urses in establish m ents em ploying m o re than one nurse a re excluded.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

P e r fo r m s the ca rp en try duties n e c e s s a r y to constru ct and m aintain in good re p a ir build­
ing w oodw ork and equipm ent such as bins, c r ib s , cou nters, benches, p a rtitio n s, d o ors, flo o r s ,
s ta irs , ca sin gs, and t r im m ade o f w ood in an establish m ent. W ork in volv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and la yin g out o f w ork fr o m blu eprints, d raw in gs, m o d els , o r v e r b a l in stru ction s; using a
v a r ie ty o f c a rp e n te r's handtools, po rta b le p ow er to o ls , and standard m easu rin g instrum ents; m a k­
ing standard shop computations re la tin g to dim ension s o f w ork; and sele ctin g m a te r ia ls n ecess a ry
fo r the w ork.
In ge n era l, the w ork o f the m aintenance ca rp en ter re q u ires rounded tra in in g and
e x p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l a pprenticeship o r equ ivalent tra in in g and ex p erien c e.

F ir e s sta tion a ry b o ile rs to fu rnish the establish m ent in which em ployed with heat, po w er,
o r steam . F e ed s fu els to fi r e by hand o r op era tes a m ech a n ica l sto k er, gas, o r o il burner; and
checks w a te r and sa fety v a lv e s .
M ay clean , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o ile rr o o m equipm ent.

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c tr ic a l tra d e functions such as the in stalla tio n , m aintenance, o r
re p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the gen era tion , d istribu tion , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c tr ic e n e rg y in an esta b ­
lish m en t. W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r re p a irin g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c ­
t r ic a l equipment such as g e n era to rs , t ra n s fo rm e rs , sw itch boards, c o n tr o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o to rs , heating units, conduit sy stem s, o r other tra n sm iss io n equipment; w orkin g fr o m b lu e­
p rin ts, draw in gs, layouts, o r oth er sp e cifica tio n s; locatin g and diagnosing trou ble in the e le c tr ic a l
system o r equipment; w orkin g standard com putations re la tin g to load requ irem en ts o f w irin g o r
e le c tr ic a l equipm ent; and using a v a r ie ty o f e le c tr ic ia n 's handtools and m easu rin g and testin g
instrum ents. In g e n e ra l, the w ork o f the m aintenance e le c tr ic ia n re q u ires rounded tra in in g and
ex p erien c e usually a cq u ired through a fo rm a l a pprenticeship o r equivalent tra in in g and e x p erien c e.

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O perates and m aintains and m ay also su p ervise the operation o f sta tion a ry engines and
equipment (m ech an ical o r e le c tr ic a l) to supply the establish m ent in which em ployed with pow er,
heat, r e fr ig e r a tio n , o r a ir-co n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s : O peratin g and m aintaining equipment
such as steam en gin es, a ir c o m p r e s s o rs , g e n e r a to rs , m o to r s , tu rbines, ven tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
era tin g equipm ent, steam b o ile rs and b o ile r - fe d w a ter pumps; making equipm ent re p a irs ; and
keeping a re c o r d o f o p era tio n o f m a ch in ery , tem p era tu re, and fu el consum ption. M ay also su­
p e r v is e these opera tio n s.
Head o r c h ie f en gin eers in establishm ents em ploying m o re than one
en gin eer a re ex clu ded.




H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E TR A D E S
A s s is ts one o r m o r e w o rk e rs in the s k ille d m aintenance tra d es , by p erfo rm in g sp e c ific
o r g e n era l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as keeping a w o rk e r supplied with m a te ria ls and tools;
clean ing w orkin g a rea , m ach in e, and equipment; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m a te ria ls or
to o ls ; and p e rfo rm in g oth er unskilled tasks as d ire c te d by journeym an .
The kind o f w ork the
h elp er is p erm itted to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fro m tra d e to tra d e: In som e tra des the h elper is confined
to supplying, liftin g , and h olding m a te r ia ls and to o ls , and clean ing w orkin g a rea s; and in oth ers
he is p erm itted to p e r fo rm s p e c ia lize d m achine opera tio n s, o r parts o f a trade that a re also
p e r fo rm e d by w o rk e rs on a fu ll- tim e basis.

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p ecia liz es in the op era tio n o f one o r m o re types o f m achine to o ls , such as jig b o re r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r su rface g r in d e rs , engine lathes, o r m illin g m ach in es, in the construction of
m ach in e-sh op to o ls , ga ges, jig s , fix tu r e s , o r d ies. W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llow in g: Planning
and p e r fo rm in g d ifficu lt m achining o peration s; p ro ce ssin g item s re q u irin g com plicated setups or
a high d e g re e o f a ccu racy; using a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m easu rin g in stru m en ts; sele ctin g feed s,
speeds, to o lin g , and opera tion sequence; and m aking n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents during operation
to a ch ieve re q u is ite tole ra n c e s o r d im ension s. M ay be re q u ired to re c o g n iz e when too ls need
d ressin g , to d ress to o ls , and to s e le c t p ro p e r coolants and cutting and lu bricatin g o ils .
For
c r o s s -in d u s tr y w age study pu rp oses, m a ch in e-to o l o p e ra to rs , to o lro o m , in tool and die jobbing
shops a re exclu ded fr o m this c la s s ific a tio n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
Prod u ces rep la cem en t parts and new parts in m aking re p a irs o f m e ta l parts o f m echan ical
equipment opera ted in an establish m ent. W ork in vo lv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten
in stru ction s and sp e cifica tio n s; planning and la yin g out o f w ork; using a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in ist's

47
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

handtools and p r e c is io n m easu rin g in stru m en ts; setting up and operatin g standard m achine too ls;
shaping o f m e ta l parts to clo s e to le ra n c es; m aking standard shop computations re la tin g to dim en ­
sions o f w ork, too lin g, fee d s, and speeds o f m achining; know ledge o f the w orkin g p ro p e rtie s o f
the com m on m e ta ls; sele ctin g standard m a te r ia ls , p a rts, and equipment re q u ired fo r his w ork;
and fittin g and assem blin g parts into m ech a n ica l equipm ent. In gen era l, the m a ch in ist's w ork
n o rm a lly re q u ires a rounded tra in in g in m ach in e-sh op p ra c tic e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l
a ppren ticesh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and ex p erien c e.

Paints and re d e c o ra te s w a lls, w oodw ork, and fix tu res o f an establish m ent. Work in volves
the fo llo w in g : Know ledge o f su rface p e c u lia ritie s and types o f paint re q u ired fo r d iffe re n t ap p lica ­
tions; p rep a rin g su rface fo r painting by rem o vin g old fin ish o r by placin g putty o r f i l l e r in nail
h oles and in te rs tic e s ; and applying paint with spray gun o r brush. M ay m ix c o lo rs , o ils , white
lead, and oth er paint in gred ien ts to obtain p ro p e r c o lo r o r consistency. In gen era l, the w ork o f the
maintenance pain ter re q u ires rounded tra in in g and ex p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l
a pprenticeship o r equ ivalen t train in g and ex p erien c e.
P IP E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M aintenance)
R ep a irs au tom obiles, buses, m o to rtru ck s, and tra c to rs o f an establish m ent. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining autom otive equipm ent to diagnose sou rce o f trou ble; d is ­
assem b lin g equipm ent and p e rfo rm in g re p a irs that in vo lv e the use o f such handtools as w ren ch es,
g a g es, d r ills , o r s p e c ia lize d equipm ent in d isa ss em b lin g o r fittin g parts; re p la cin g broken or
d e fe c tiv e parts fr o m stock; grin d in g and adjusting v a lv e s ; re a s sem b lin g and in stallin g the va riou s
a ssem b lies in the ve h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a ry adjustm ents; and alinin g w h eels, adjusting brakes
and ligh ts, o r tightening body bolts. In g e n era l, the w ork o f the au tom otive m echanic re q u ires
rounded tra in in g and ex p erien c e usually a cq u ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent
tra in in g and e x p erien c e.
Th is c la s s ific a tio n does not include m echan ics who re p a ir cu sto m ers' v e h ic le s in auto­
m o b ile re p a ir shops.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R ep a irs m a ch in ery o r m ech a n ica l equipm ent o f an establishm ent.
W ork in vo lv es m ost
o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining m achines and m echan ical equipment to diagnose sou rce o f trou ble;
dism antlin g o r p a rtly dism antlin g m achines and p e rfo rm in g re p a irs that m a in ly in volve the use
o f handtools in scrapin g and fittin g parts; rep la cin g broken o r d e fe c tiv e parts with item s obtained
fro m stock; o rd e rin g the production o f a rep la cem en t pa rt by a machine shop o r sending o f the
m achine to a m achine shop fo r m a jo r re p a irs ; p rep a rin g w ritten sp ecifica tion s fo r m a jo r re p a irs
o r fo r the production o f parts o rd e re d fro m m achine shop; re a s sem b lin g m ach in es; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r o pera tion . In g e n era l, the w ork o f a m aintenance m echanic requ ires
rounded train in g and e x p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent
tra in in g and e x p erien c e.
Excluded fr o m this c la s s ific a tio n a re w o rk ers whose p r im a ry duties
in vo lv e setting up o r adjusting m achines.
M IL L W R IG H T
In sta lls new m achines o r heavy equipm ent, and dism antles and in stalls m achines o r heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout a re requ ired . W ork in volv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and layin g out o f the w ork; in te rp retin g blueprints o r other sp ecifica tion s; using a v a rie ty
o f handtools and rig gin g; m aking standard shop computations re la tin g to s tre s s e s , strength o f
m a te r ia ls , and cen ters o f g ra v ity ; alinin g and balancing o f equipment; sele ctin g standard to o ls ,
equipm ent, and parts to be used; and in stallin g and m aintaining in good o rd e r p ow er tra n sm iss ion
equipment such as d riv e s and speed re d u cers . In ge n era l, the m illw rig h t's w ork n o rm a lly re q u ires
a rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e in the tra d e a cq u ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r
equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p erien c e.

In sta lls o r re p a irs w a ter, steam , gas, o r o th er types o f pipe and p ipefittin gs in an
establish m ent. W ork in vo lv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g ; Layin g out o f w ork and m easu ring to locate
position o f pipe fr o m draw ings o r other w ritten sp e cifica tion s; cutting va rio u s sizes o f pipe to
c o r r e c t lengths w ith ch is e l and h am m er o r o xyacetylen e torch o r pipe-cu ttin g m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by h an d-driven o r p o w e r-d r iv e n m achines; assem blin g
pipe with couplings and fasten ing pipe to h angers; making standard shop computations re la tin g to
p re s s u re s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe requ ired ; and making standard tests to determ in e w hether fin ­
ished pipes m e et s p e cifica tio n s.
In ge n era l, the w ork o f the maintenance p ip e fitte r re q u ires
rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent
tra in in g and ex p erien c e. W ork ers p r im a r ily engaged in in stallin g and re p a irin g building sanitation
o r heating sy stem s a re ex clu ded.
S H E E T - M E T A L W O RKER, M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b ric a te s , in s ta lls , and maintains in good re p a ir the sh eet-m e ta l equipment and fix tu res
(such as m achine gu a rd s, g re a s e pans, sh elves, lo c k e r s , tanks, ven tila to rs , chutes, ducts, m eta l
ro o fin g ) o f an establish m ent. W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out a ll
types o f sh eet-m e ta l m aintenance w ork fr o m blu eprints, m o d els, o r oth er sp ecifica tion s; setting
up and o pera tin g a ll a va ila b le types o f sh eet-m e ta l w orkin g m achines; using a v a rie ty o f handtools
in cutting, bending, fo rm in g , shaping, fittin g , and assem blin g; and in stallin g sh eet-m eta l a rtic le s
as requ ired . In g e n era l, the w ork o f the m aintenance sh eet-m e ta l w o rk er requ ires rounded
tra in in g and e x p erien c e usually acq u ired through a fo rm a l a pprenticeship o r equivalent train ing
and ex p erien c e.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
Constructs and re p a irs m ach in e-sh op to o ls , ga g es, jig s , fix tu res o r dies fo r fo rg in g s,
punching, and oth er m e ta l-fo rm in g w ork.
W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and
layin g out o f w ork fro m m o d els, blu eprints, d raw in gs, o r other o ra l and w ritten specifica tion s;
using a v a rie ty o f too l and die m a k e r's handtools and p r e c is io n m easu rin g instrum ents; under­
standing o f the w orkin g p ro p e rtie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a lloy s; setting up and o peratin g o f
m achine too ls and re la ted equipment; m aking n e c e s s a ry shop computations relatin g to dim ensions
o f w ork, speeds, fee d s, and too lin g o f m ach in es; h ea t-trea tin g o f m eta l parts during fa b rica tio n
as w e ll as o f fin ish ed too ls and dies to a ch ieve re q u ired q u alities; w orking to clo se tole ra n c es;
fittin g and a ssem blin g o f parts to p re s c r ib e d to le ra n c es and a llow an ces; and s ele ctin g appropriate
m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n era l, the too l and die m a k e r's w ork re q u ires a rounded
tra in in g in m ach in e-sh op and to o lro o m p ra c tic e usually a cq u ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship
o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and ex p erien c e.
F o r c r o s s -in d u s try w age study pu rp oses, too l and die m a k ers in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded fr o m this cla s s ific a tio n .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
G U ARD A N D W A T C H M E N
Guard. P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e duties, eith e r at fix e d post o r on tou r, m aintaining o rd e r ,
using a rm s o r fo r c e w h ere n e c e s s a ry . Includes gatem en who a re stationed at gate and check
on iden tity o f em p loyees and oth er persons e n te rin g .
W atchm an. M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p rotectin g p r o p e rty against fi r e ,
theft, and ille g a l en try.

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G
A w o rk e r em ployed in a w areh ou se, m anufacturing plant, sto re, o r oth er establishm ent
whose duties in vo lv e one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Loading and unloading va riou s m a te r ia ls and
m erch a n dise on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a rs , tru cks, o r oth er tra n sp o rtin g d ev ic e s ; unpacking, sh elvin g,
o r placin g m a te r ia ls o r m erch a n d ise in p ro p e r sto ra ge location; and tran sportin g m a te r ia ls o r
m erch a n dise by handtruck, ca r, o r w h e elb a rrow . Lon gsh orem en , who load and unload ships a re
excluded.

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
O RD ER F I L L E R
Cleans and keeps in an o r d e r ly condition fa c to ry w orkin g areas and w ashroom s, o r
p re m is e s o f an o ffic e , apartm ent house, o r c o m m e rc ia l o r oth er establish m ent. Duties in volv e
a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Sweeping, m opping o r scrubbing, and polish ing flo o r s ; rem o vin g
ch ips, tra sh , and oth er refu se; dusting equipm ent, fu rn itu re, o r fix tu res; polish in g m e ta l fi x ­
tu res o r trim m in g s ; p rovid in g supplies and m in o r m aintenance s e r v ic e s ; and clean ing la v a to r ie s ,
sh ow ers, and re s tro o m s . W ork ers who s p e c ia liz e in window washing a re excluded.




F ills shipping o r tra n s fe r o rd e r s fo r fin ish ed goods fr o m sto red m erch andise in a c c o rd ­
ance with sp e cifica tion s on sales s lip s , cu sto m ers' o rd e r s , o r oth er in stru ction s. May, in addition
to fillin g o rd e r s and in dicating item s fille d o r om itted, keep re c o rd s o f outgoing o rd e r s , re q u i­
sition additional stock o r re p o rt short supplies to su p erviso r, and p e r fo rm oth er re la ted duties.

48
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G

T R U C K D R IV E R — Continued

P r e p a re s fin ish ed products fo r shipment o r sto ra ge by placing them in shipping con­
ta in e r s , the s p e c ific operations p e r fo rm e d being dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number
o f units to be packed, the type o f contain er em ployed, and m ethod o f shipm ent. W ork re q u ires
the placin g o f item s in shipping contain ers and m ay in volv e one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g :
Know ledge o f va riou s item s o f stock in o rd e r to v e r ify content; selection o f a ppropria te type
and s iz e o f contain er; in sertin g en clo su res in contain er; using e x c e ls io r o r oth er m a te r ia l to
p reven t breakage o r dam age; clo sin g and sea lin g con tain er; and applying labels o r en terin g
iden tifyin g data on con tain er.
P a ck e rs who a lso m ake wooden boxes o r c ra tes a re exclu ded.

fo llo w s :

F o r wage study pu rp oses, tru c k d riv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by siz e and type of equipment, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a ile r should be rated on the basis o f t r a ile r ca p a city.)
T r u c k d riv e r
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d riv e r,

(com bin ation o f s iz e s lis te d sep a ra te ly)
ligh t (under IV 2 tons)
m edium ( I V 2 to and including 4 tons)
h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, t r a ile r type)
h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, oth er than t r a ile r type)

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
T R U C K E R , PO W E R
P r e p a re s m erch an dise fo r shipment, o r re c e iv e s and is resp o n sib le fo r incom ing sh ip­
ments o f m erch a n dise o r oth er m a te r ia ls . Shipping w ork in v o lv e s : A know ledge o f shipping p r o ­
ced u res, p r a c tic e s , rou tes, a va ila b le m eans o f tra n sp o rta tio n , and ra tes; and p rep a rin g re c o rd s
o f the goods shipped, making up b ills o f la din g, posting w eigh t and shipping ch a rge s, and keeping
a file o f shipping re c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p rep a rin g the m erch an dise fo r shipment.
R e c eivin g w ork in v o lv e s : V e rify in g o r d ire c tin g oth ers in v e r ify in g the c o rr e c tn e s s o f shipments
against b ills o f lading, in v o ic e s , o r oth er re c o r d s ; checking fo r sh ortages and re je c tin g dam ­
aged goods; routing m erch an dise o r m a te r ia ls to p ro p e r dep artm en ts; and m aintaining n e c e s s a ry
re c o rd s and file s .
F o r wage study pu rp oses,

w o rk e rs a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R ec eivin g c le rk
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D riv e s a truck within a c ity o r in d u stria l a rea to tra n sp o rt m a te r ia ls , m erch a n d ise,
equipm ent, o r men between va riou s types o f establish m ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freig h t
depots, w areh ou ses, w holesa le and re ta il establish m ents, o r between re ta il establish m ents and
cu s to m e rs ' houses o r pla ces o f business. M ay also load o r unload truck with o r without h elp ers,
m ake m in o r m echanical re p a irs , and keep tru ck in good w orking o rd e r .
D riv e r- s a le s m e n and
o v e r -th e -r o a d d r iv e r s a re excluded.




O perates a m an u ally c o n tro lled gasolin e- o r e le c tr ic -p o w e re d truck o r tra c to r to tran sport
goods and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w arehou se, m anufacturing plant, o r oth er establishm ent.
F o r w age study pu rp oses, w o rk ers a re c la s s ifie d by type o f tru ck, as fo llo w s :
T r u c k e r, p o w er (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r, p ow er (o th er than fo r k lift)

W AR EH O U SEM AN
A s d ire c te d , p e r fo rm s a v a rie ty o f w arehousing duties which re q u ire an understanding
o f the esta b lish m en t's sto ra ge plan . W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : V e rify in g m a te ria ls
(o r m erch a n d ise) against re c e iv in g docum ents, noting and rep ortin g d isc rep a n cies and obvious
dam ages; routing m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d sto ra ge location s; storin g, stacking, o r p a lletizin g
m a te r ia ls in a ccordan ce with p r e s c r ib e d sto ra ge m ethods; re a rra n gin g and taking in ven tory o f
stored m a te r ia ls ; exam in ing sto red m a te r ia ls and re p ortin g d eterio ra tio n and damage; rem oving
m a te r ia l fro m sto ra ge and p rep a rin g it fo r shipment.
May opera te hand o r pow er trucks in
p erfo rm in g w arehousing duties.
Exclude w o rk ers whose p r im a ry duties in vo lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g work (see shipping
and re c e iv in g c le r k and pa cker, shipping), o rd e r fillin g (s e e o rd e r f i l l e r ) , o r operatin g power
tru cks (s e e tru c k e r, p o w er).
★ u. s. OOi

rICl

- 230/ *7

A re a W a g e S urveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p re s e n te d b elow . A d ir e c to r y o f a re a w age studies including m o re lim ite d studies conducted at the
req u est o f the E m p loym en t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the D ep artm ent o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est. B u lletin s m ay be purchased fro m any o f the B LS
re g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fr o m the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.
A rea

B u lletin number
and p ric e

1775-36,
A k ro n , O hio, D ec. 1972_______________ ____ _______________
A lb an y—
Sch en ectady— roy , N .Y ., M a r. 1973 1
T
-------------- 1775-62,
A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r. 1973________________________ 1775-52,
A lle n to w n — eth leh em — aston , P a .—N .J ., M ay 1972 1 — 1725-87,
B
E
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1973_____________________________________ 1775-79,
A u stin , T e x ., D ec. 1972 1----------------- -------------------------- 1775-42,
B a ltim o r e , M d ., Aug. 1972 1_______________________________ 1775-20,
B eaum ont— o r t A rth u i—O ra n g e , T e x ., M a y 1973 1 _____ 1775-82,
P
1775-5,
B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1972_____________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1973 1___________________________ 1775-65,
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 19721____________________________ 1775-32,
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1972 1_______________________________ 1775-13,
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1972 1_________________________________ 1775-18,
B u rlin gton , V t . , D ec. 1972 1______________________________
1775-28,
Canton, O hio, M a y 1973____________________________________ 1775-73,
C h a rle sto n , W. V a ., M a r. 1973___________________________ 1775-74,
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1973----------------------------------------- 1775-39,
Chattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1972 1------------------------- 1775-14,
C h icago, 111., June 1972----------------------- —-------------- ----- 1725-92,
C incinn ati, O hio— y.—In d ., F eb . 1973____________________ 1775-53,
K
C lev e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1972 1-------------------------------------- 1775-15,
Colum bus, O hio, O ct. 1972 1--------------------------------------- 1775-23,
D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1972 1-----;------ -------------- ----- ----------- 1775-25,
D aven p ort— ock Islan d — o lin e, Iow a—
R
M
111., F eb . 1973---- 1775-57,
D ayton, O hio, D ec. 1972--------------------------------------------- 1775-34,
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1972,...—
________ —_______________
1775-35.
1775-72,
D es M o in es , Iow a, M ay 1973_____________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., M a r. 1973 1 --------------------------------------- 1775-89,
D urham , N .C ., A p r. 1973__________________________________ 1775-61,
F o r t L a u d erd a le— o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm
H
B each . F la ., A p r . 1973.__________________________________ 1775-64,
F o r t W orth , T e x ., O ct. 1972 1_____________________________ 1775-24,
G ree n B ay, W is ., July 1972 1-------------------------------------- 1775-1,
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1973 1 -------------------------------------- 1775-86,
Houston, T e x ., A p r. 197 3__________________________________ 1775-71,
H u n ts ville , A la ., F eb . 1973---------------------------------------- 1775-48,
Indian apolis, Ind., O ct. 1972 1_____________________________ 1775-27,
Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1973------------------------------------------ 1775-44,
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1972------------------------------------- 1775-31,
K ansas C ity , M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1972--------------------------- 1775-17,
L a w r e n c e — a v e rh ill, M ass.—N .H ., June 1972 1------------ 1725-81,
H
L exin gto n , K y ., N ov. 1972 1---------------------------------------- 1775-22,
L ittle R o c k -N o rth L ittle R ock, A r k ., July 1972 1-------- 1775-2,
L os A n g e le s —Lon g B each and An aheim —
Santa A n a G ard en G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1972 1----------------------------- 1775-38,
L o u is v ille , K y.—In d ., N o v . 1972— ------ ------ ------ ----------- 1775-37,
Lubbock, T e x . , M a r. 1973-------- ----. . . ------------------------- 1775-55,
M a n c h es te r, N .H ., July 1972 1----------------------------------- 1775-8,
M em p h is, Term .—A r k . , N ov. 1972----------------------- ---- — 1775-30,
M ia m i, F l a . , N ov. 1972 1___________ — ---- --------------------- 1775-29,
1775-41,
M id lan d and O d e ss a , T e x ., Jan. 1973----------------------- _

40
55
40
35
40
40
75
40
45
55
50
75
65
50
40
40
40
55
70
50
75
55
75
40
40
40
40
80
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

40
50
55
40
50
40
55
40
40
50
35
50
55

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

75
40
40
55
40
55
35

cents
events
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1973________________________________
M inn eapolis—St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1973__________________
M uskegon— uskegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1972 1 -------M
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1973--------------------N ew H aven, C onn ., Jan. 1973_____________________________
N ew O rle a n s , L a . , J an. 1973______________________________
N ew Y o rk , N .Y ., A p r . 1972 1_______________________________
N o r fo lk - V ir g in ia B each— o rts m o u th and
P
N ew p o rt N ew s—
Ham pton, V a ., Jan. 1973 1-----------------O klahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1972__ ________________ _______
Om aha, N eb r.—Iow a, Sept. 1972____ ______________________
P a te r s o n — lifto n - P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1972 * --------------C
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .- N .J ., N ov. 1972________________________
P h o en ix , A r i z . , June 1972 1 ------ ---------------------------------P itts b u rg h , P a ., J an. 1973 1 _______________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e , N ov. 1972_______________________________
P o r tla n d , O re g .—W ash ., M a y 1972 1 ______________________
P ou g h k e e p s ie — in gston — ew bu rgh, N .Y .,
K
N
June 1973____________________________________________________
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ic k — aw tu ck et, R .I.—M a s s .,
W
P
M a y 1973____ _____ ____ ____ _______-__ ______________________
R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1972___________________________________
Richm ond, V a ., M a r. 1973____ ____ ________________________
R iv e r s id e —
San B ern a rd in o — n ta rio , C a lif.,
O
D ec. 1972 1 __________________________________________________
R o c h e s te r, N .Y . (o ffic e occupations on ly), Ju ly 1972---R o c k fo rd , 111., June 1973___________________________________
St. L o u is , M o.—111., M a r. 1973 1 ___________________________
Salt Lak e C ity , Utah, N oy. 1 972*_________________________
San An ton io, T e x . , M a y 1973_______ -_____________________
San D ie g o , C a lif. , N ov. 1972_________ ______________________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., M a r. 1973______________
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r. 1973___________________ _____________
Savannah, G a ., M ay 1973___________________________________
Scranton, P a ., July 1972____-__ ____________________________
Seattle— v e r e tt, W ash ., Jan. 1973___ ____ ______ __ ___ ____
E
Sioux F a lls , S. D ak., D ec. 1972 1 __ __ _____________________
South B end, In d ., M a r. 1973____ __ __ ______________________
Spokane, W ash., June 1972 1 _______________________________
S y ra c u s e, N .Y ., July 1972___ _____________________________
T am p a—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., A u g. 1972__________________
T o le d o , Ohio— ic h ., A p r. 1973____ _________ ______________
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1972 1
____ — ________U tic a — om e, N .Y ., July 1972________ ______________________
R
W ashington, D .C.—Md.—V a., M a r. 1973___________________
W a te rb u ry, Conn., M a r. 1973_____________________________
W a te rlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1972________________________________
W ich ita , K an s., A p r.
1973________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., M a y 1973______________________________
Y o r k , P a ., Feb. 1973_______________________________________
Youngstown— a rre n , O hio, N ov. 1972____________________
W

B u lle tin number
and p ric e
1775-83,
1775-49,
1725-85,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-90,

40 cents
55 cents
35 cents
55 cents
40 cents
40 cents
50 cents

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1775-67,
1775-21,
1725-89,

50. cents
45 cents
40 cents
40 cents
55 cents
55 cents
75 cents
40 cents
35 cents

1775-85,

35 cents

1775-84,
1775-7,
1775-68,

35 cents
45 cents
40 cents

1775-60,
1775-4,
1775-80,
1775-69,
1775-33,
1775-78,
1775-40,
1775-81,
1775-66,
1775-77,
1775-10,
1775-56,
1775-43,
1775-54,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1775-63,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1775-75,
1775-58,
1775-26,
1775-70,
1775-76,
1775-59,
1775-19,

65 cents
45 cents
35 cents
75 cents
50 cents
3 5 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
45 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
35 cents
45 cents
45 cents
40 cents
55 cents
45 cents
50 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents
40 cents

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU O F LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
W ASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

L A B -4 4 1

O F F IC IA L B U SIN ESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVA TE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L OFFICES
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1603 JF K Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
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M assachusetts
New Hampshire
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Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Je rsey
New York
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P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
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Virginia
West V irginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabam a
Florida
G eorgia
Kentucky
M ississip p i
North C arolin a
South Carolin a
Ten nessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South W acker Drive
C hica g o, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illin o is
Indiana
M ichigan
Minnesota
Ohio
W isconsin

Region VI
1100 Com m erce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
A rkansas
Louisiana
New M exico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
V II
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
M issouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 G olden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Fra n cisco , Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
A laska
Arizona
Idaho
Califo rnia
Oregon
Hawaii
W ashington
Nevada