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L- ^1,0.
lS7S~-45
J UL9

do cu m en t

1968

COLLECTION

The Detroit, Michigan, Metropolitan Area
January 1968

Detroit

B ul le ti n No.

1575-45




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

New England
John F . Kennedy F e d e ra l Building
G overn m en t Center
R oom 1603-B
B oston, M a s s . 02203
T e l . : 223-6762




M id -A tla n tic
341 Ninth A v e .
New Y ork , N. Y . 10001
T e l . : 971-5405

Southern
1371 P e a ch tr e e S t ., NE.
Atlanta, G a . 30309
T e l . : 526-5418

North Central
219 South D earborn St.
C h ica go, 111. 60604
T e l . : 353-7230

Pacific
450 G olden Gate A v e.
Box 36017
San F r a n c is c o , C a lif. 94102
T e l . : 556-4678

M ountain- Plains
F e d e ra l O ffic e Building
T h ird F lo o r
911 Walnut St.
K ansas C ity, M o . 64106
T e l . : 374-2481

Area Wage Survey
The Detroit, Michigan, Metropolitan Area
January 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-45
M a y 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20 4 0 2 - Price 35 cents







Contents

Preface

Page
The B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w age s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sig n e d to p r o v id e data on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s .
It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c t e d in du stry d iv is io n fo r ea ch
o f the a r e a s s tu d ie d , fo r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and fo r the
U n ited S ta tes.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d fo r g r e a t e r in sig h t into (1 ) the m ov em en t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2 ) the s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l o f w a g e s am on g a r e a s and in du stry d iv is io n s .

In trod u ction __________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ___________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.
A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in dividu al a re a b u l­
letin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lt s fo r e a ch a re a studied.
A fte r
c o m p le tio n o f a ll o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lletin s fo r a round
o f s u r v e y s , a t w o -p a r t su m m a ry b u lletin is is su e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r in g s data fo r e a c h o f the m e tro p o lita n a r e a s
stu d ied into one b u lle tin .
The se co n d p a rt p r e se n ts in fo r ­
m a tion w h ich has b e e n p r o je c t e d fr o m individual m e t r o ­
p olita n a r e a data to r e la te to g e o g ra p h ic r e g io n s and the
U n ited S ta tes.

B.

E ig h t y -s ix a r e a s c u r r e n tly a r e included in the
p r o g r a m . In e a ch a r e a , in fo rm a tio n on o ccu p a tio n a l e a r n ­
in gs is c o lle c t e d an n ually and on e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s
and su p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s b ien n ia lly .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts re s u lts o f the su rv ey in
D e t r o it , M ic h . , in Ja n u a ry 1968.
The Standard M e t r o ­
p olita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by the B ureau o f the
B u dget th rough A p r il 1967, c o n s is t s o f M a c o m b , O akland,
and W ayne C o u n tie s .
T h is study w as con du cted in the
B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in C h ic a g o , 111. , T h om as J.
M c A r d l e , D ir e c t o r .
The study w as under the g e n e r a l
d ir e c t io n o f W o o d ro w C . L in n , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
o f O p e r a tio n s .




1
4

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n um ber s t u d ie d ____________________________________________________
In dexes o f stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t -tim e
h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and
p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s ________________
O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1.
O ffice o c cu p a tio n s — en and w o m e n _______________________
m
A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s — en and
m
w o m e n _______________________________________________________
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s—
men and Women combined ________________________________
A -4 .
M ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a t io n s -------------------------A - 5.
C u stod ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s __________
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________
B -2 .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls ___________________________________________
B -3 .
Sch eduled w e e k ly h o u r s ____________________________________
B -4 .
P aid h o lid a y s ________________________________________________
B -5 .
P aid v a c a t io n s ______________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth , in s u r a n ce , and p en sion p la n s ____________________

A p p en d ix.

O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s _______________________________________

areas.

* N O TE : S im ila r tabu lation s a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(See in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

C u rren t r e p o r t s on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p ­
p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s in the D e tr o it a r e a a r e a lso
a v a ila b le fo r h o s p ita ls (Ju ly 1966), and the m a c h in e r y in ­
d u s trie s (Ju ly 1966); and on ea rn in g s on ly fo r s e le c t e d food
s e r v ic e and laun dry and d r y clea n in g o c cu p a tio n s (January
1968).
U nion s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls ,
a r e a v a ila b le fo r b u ildin g c o n s tr u c tio n ; p rin tin g ; lo c a ltr a n s it o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e lp ­
e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a tio n s .

iii

3

4
6
11
12
14
15

17
18
19
20
21
24
25




Area Wage Survey
The Detroit, Mich., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h ich the U .S . D epartm en t o f L a b o r 's
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s con d u cts s u rv e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s
and r e la te d b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w e r e
ob ta in ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e ­
sen ta tiv e e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in du stry d iv is io n s : M anu­
fa c tu r in g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u blic u tilitie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry g rou p s ex clu d ed fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e
g ov e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s a re
om itte d b e c a u s e they ten d to fu rn ish in su ffic ie n t em p loy m en t in the
o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ra n t in clu s io n .
Separate tabu lation s a r e
p r o v id e d fo r e a c h o f the b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t pub­
lic a t io n c r it e r i a .

a llo w a n ce s and in cen tiv e ea rn in g s a re in clu d ed . W h ere w eek ly h ou rs
a re r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the
stan dard w ork w eek (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir re g u la r s t r a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay
fo r o v e rtim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ). A v e ra g e w eek ly e a r n ­
ings fo r th ese occu p a tio n s have b een rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .
The a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a reaw id e e s t i­
m a te s .
In d u stries and esta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pa y le v e l and jo b
staffin g and, thus, co n trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s fo r ea ch jo b .
The pay re la tio n s h ip obtain a ble fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age sp re a d or d iffe r e n tia l m a in tain ed am ong jo b s in
in dividu al e s ta b lis h m e n ts.
S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v era g e pay
le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in any of the s e le c t e d occu p a tion s should
not be a s su m e d to r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pa y trea tm en t o f the sex es
w ithin in dividu al e s ta b lis h m e n ts.
O ther p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w hich m ay
con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in pay fo r m en and w om en in clu d e: D iffe r ­
e n ce s in p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d rate r a n g e s , sin ce only the
actu al ra te s paid in cu m bents a re c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific
duties p e r fo r m e d , although the w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d a p p ro p ria te ly
w ithin the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in
c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e ra lize d
than th ose u sed in in dividu al e sta b lis h m e n ts and allow fo r m in or
d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts in the s p e c ific duties p e r fo rm e d .

T h e se s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sam ple b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rvey in g a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts.
To
ob ta in op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g re a te r p r o p o r tio n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is studied. In com b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e given th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t.
E s­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts studied a r e p r e se n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
as r e la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in du stry grou pin g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.
O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s

O ccu p a tion a l e m p loy m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in
a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber
a ctu a lly su r v e y e d .
B e ca u se of d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l stru ctu re
am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts, the e s tim a te s o f occu p a tio n a l em p loym en t o b ­
tained fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stud ied s e r v e on ly to in dicate
the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in
occu p a tion a l stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y of the
ea rn in g s data.

The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u strie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p es: (1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l;
(3) m a in ten a n ce and p o w erp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O cc u p a tio n a l C la s s ific a t io n is b a sed on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a c c o u n t o f in ter esta b lish m en t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b .
The occu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix.
The earn ings data fo llo w in g
the jo b title s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s com b in e d .
E arn in gs data fo r som e
o f the o c cu p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b e c a u s e
e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n is too sm a ll to p r o v id e enough
data to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In form a tion is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b les) on se le cte d
esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s as they
rela te to plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tra tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s who are u tilized
as a sep a ra te w ork f o r c e a re e x clu d e d .
"P la n t w o r k e r s " include
w ork in g fo r e m e n and all n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in cluding le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) en gaged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
"O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in clude w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo rm in g
c le r ic a l or re la te d fu n ction s.
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en are
e x clu d ed in m an u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in clu d ed in nonm anufacturing
in d u s tr ie s .

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and earn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w ork a reg u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in the g iven o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E arn in gs data ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts .
N on p ro d u ctio n b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g




1

2
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - 1) r e la te on ly to the e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . B e ca u se o f the optim u m
sa m p lin g tech n iq u es u sed , and the p r o b a b ility that la rg e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts a re m o r e lik e ly to have fo r m a l en tra n ce ra te s fo r w o r k e r s
above the s u b c le r ic a l le v e l than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the table is
m o r e -r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o lic ie s in m ed iu m and la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

oth er than a tim e b a s is w e re c o n v e r t e d to a tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a paym en t of 2 p e r ce n t o f annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv ­
alent o f 1 w e e k 's pay. E s tim a te s e x clu d e v a c a tio n -s a v in g s plans and
th ose w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b ey on d b a s ic
plans to w o r k e r s with qu alifyin g len gth s o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f such
e x c lu s io n s a re plans in the s t e e l, a lu m in u m , and can in d u s tr ie s .

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta ble B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e se n te d both in
te r m s o f (1) e sta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , 1 p r e se n te d in te r m s of tota l plant
w o rk e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (2) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e se n te d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
su rv e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount
applying to a m a jo r it y w as u sed o r , if n o am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s ific a t io n ' ’ o th e r 1* w as u sed .
1
In esta b lis h m e n ts in w hich som e
la t e -s h ift h o u rs a r e paid at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
on ly if it a p p lied to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u rs.

Data on h ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n plan s (ta b le B -6 ) in ­
clu d e th ose plans fo r w h ich the e m p lo y e r pays at le a s t a p a rt o f the
c o s t. Such plans in clude th ose u n d e r w ritte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n ce
com p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d th rou g h a u n ion fund or paid d ir e c t ly b y
the e m p lo y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e
fo r this p u rp ose. An e sta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d to have a plan
if the m a jo r ity o f e m p lo y e e s w e r e e lig ib le to be c o v e r e d u nder the
plan, ev en if le s s than a m a jo r it y e le c t e d to p a rticip a te b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e re r e q u ir e d to co n trib u te to w a rd the c o s t o f the plan.
L e­
g a lly r e q u ire d p la n s, such a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t w e r e e x clu d e d .

The sch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs (table B -3 ) of a m a jo r ity of the
f ir s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t a r e tabu lated as ap plying to
a ll o f the plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e s ta b lis h m e n t.
S ch eduled
w eek ly h o u rs a r e th ose w h ich fu ll-t im e e m p lo y e e s w e re e x p e cte d to
w ork , w h eth er th ey w e re paid fo r at s t r a ig h t-tim e or o v e r tim e r a te s .
P aid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in s u r a n ce , and p en sion
pla n s; and p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e w o rk (ta b le s B -4 th rou gh B -6 )
a r e tre a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th ese a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll
plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity o f such w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le or
m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify f o r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d .
Sums o f in div idu al
ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th rou gh B -6 m a y n ot equ al tota ls b e c a u s e of
roun din g.
D ata on paid h o lid a y s (table B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on h o li­
days gra n ted an n ually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v id e d fo r
in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2) have b e e n e s ta b lis h e d b y c u s to m . H olid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n ted a r e in clu d e d ev en though th ey m a y fa ll on a n on ­
w ork d a y and the w o r k e r is n ot gra n ted an oth er da y o ff.
The f ir s t
pa rt o f the paid h o lid a y s table p r e s e n ts the n u m ber o f w hole and h a lf
h olid a y s a c tu a lly g ra n ted .
The se c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w hole and h a lf
h olid a y s to show tota l h o lid a y t im e .

S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f
in su r a n ce under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a ym en ts a r e m a de d ir e c t ly
to the in su red on a w eek ly or m on th ly b a s is d u rin g ill n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y . In form a tion is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s. H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r co n trib u tio n s, 2 plans a r e in clu d e d on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b en efits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w .
T a b u la tion s
o f paid sick lea v e plans a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plan s 3 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's pa y d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o rk
b e c a u s e of illn e s s .
Separate ta b u la tion s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
(1) plans w hich p ro v id e fu ll pay and n o w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
w h ich p rov id e eith er p a rtia l pa y o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition to
the p resen ta tion of the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce or paid s ic k le a v e , an u n du plica ted
tota l is show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r or both ty p es o f b e n e fit s .

The s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n plans (ta ble B -5 ) is lim ite d to a
s ta t is t ic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s .
It is n ot in ten ded as a
m e a s u re o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e ­
fits .
P r o v is io n s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t fo r a ll len gths o f s e r v ic e w e re
tabu lated as ap plyin g to a ll plant or o ffic e w o r k e r s o f the e s t a b lis h ­
m en t, r e g a r d le s s o f len gth o f s e r v ic e .
P r o v is io n s fo r p a ym en t on

C ata strop h e in s u r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as m a jo r m e d ­
ic a l in su r a n ce , in clu d es th ose p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s bey on d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a rtia l
paym en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
Such p la n s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n b y c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ra n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y
be paid f o r b y the e m p lo y e r out o f a fund se t a s id e fo r th is p u r p o s e .
T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t -p en sion pla n s a r e lim ite d to th o se plans
that p r o v id e re g u la r paym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's life .

1 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either o f the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number o f days o f sick leave available to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and W o rk e rs W ithin S co p e o f S u rve y and N u m ber Studied in D e tr o it, M i c h . , 1 b y M a jo r Industry D iv i s io n ,2 Jan uary 1968
N u m ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

In d u stry d iv is io n

M in im um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin s c o p e
o f study*

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

Plant
N u m ber

A ll d iv is io n s -------------------------------------------------M a n u factu rin g ______ ___ __ ------ --------- —
________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g_____ ________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u tilit ie s 5_________
_____
W h o le s a le t r a d e ______________________________
R e ta il tra d e ------------------ — ---------- ------ F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ---------S e r v ic e s 7
________ _ _ _ _ _ _ --------- ----------

_

O ffic e

P ercent

T o t a l4

1 ,3 8 9

303

7 8 1 ,7 0 0

100

5 1 0 ,8 0 0

1 2 8 ,5 0 0

6 0 1 ,2 0 0

100
-

538
851

101
202

5 1 4 ,6 0 0
2 6 7 ,1 0 0

66
34

3 5 7 ,7 0 0
1 5 3 ,1 0 0

6 8 ,4 0 0
60, 100

4 2 7 ,0 1 0
1 74 ,190

100
50
100
50
50

81
211
123
147
289

29
35
36
39
63

5 5 ,1 0 0
3 0 ,8 0 0
9 4 ,3 0 0
3 9 ,4 0 0
47, 500

7
4
12
5
6

2 8 ,1 0 0
1 8 ,8 0 0
77, 500
6 1 , 100
27, 600

1 2 ,4 0 0
6 ,8 0 0
8 ,2 0 0
2 5 ,8 0 0
6 ,9 0 0

4 4 ,5 4 0
1 3,750
73, 200
2 5 ,0 6 0
1 7 ,640

1 T h e D e tro itj S tan d ard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a , as defined b y the B u rea u o f the B udget through A p r il 1967, c o n s is t s o f M a c o m b , O akland, and W ayne C ou n ties. The " w o r k e r s within
s c o p e o f study" e s t im a t e s show n in this table p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
T he e s tim a te s a re not intended,
h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith other em ploym en t in d exes f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s
r e q u ir e s the use of
e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the S tan d ard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n Manual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es all e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as
tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r ep a ir
s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and other w o r k e r s exclu d ed f r o m the se p a ra te plant and o ffic e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w ater tra n s p o rta tio n w e re e x c lu d e d .
D e tr o it 's tr a n s it s y s te m is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d and is e x clu d ed by d e fin itio n f r o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 E s tim a te r e la t e s to r e a l e s ta te e sta b lish m e n ts on ly. W o r k e r s fr o m the e n tire in d u s try d iv is io n are r e p r e s e n t e d in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but f r o m the read esta te p o r tio n on ly in " a ll
in d u s tr y " e s t im a t e s in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
7 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and other p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p ark in g; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (exclu d in g
r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n gin eerin g and a rc h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




T w o -th ir d s o f the e m p lo y e e s w ithin s co p e o f the s u r v e y in the D e tr o it a r e a w e re
T he fo llo w in g table p r e s e n t s the m a jo r in d u stry g rou p s
e m p lo y e d in m an ufacturin g f ir m s .
and s p e c ific in d u strie s as a p e r c e n t o f all m an u factu rin g:
S p e c ific in d u s trie s

In du stry g rou p s
T r a n sp o rta tio n equipm ent ——
M a ch in e ry , e x c e p t
e le c t r ic a l _____ ________ ._
F a b r ic a te d m e ta l p r o d u c t s .___
P r im a r y m e ta l in d u s tr ie s —___

49
12
11
11

M o to r v e h ic le s and
e q u ip m e n t___________________ 48
B la s t fu r n a c e and b a s ic
8
s te e l p r o d u c ts ----------------------M etal s ta m p in g s . ______ _ _
6
5
M etal w o rk in g m a c h in e r y ____

T h is in fo rm a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s of total e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
m a te r ia ls co m p ile d p r io r to actual s u r v e y .
d iffe r fr o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts of the s u r v e y as show n in table 1 a bove.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s . The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv en tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g es du rin g the b a s e p e r io d (date o f the a r e a su r v e y con d u cted
b etw een July I960 and June 1961).
S u b tra ctin g 100 fr o m the in dex
y ie ld s the p e r c e n ta g e change in w a g e s fr o m the b a s e p e r io d to the
date o f the in d ex .
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change o r in c r e a s e r e la te to
w ag e ch a n g es b etw een the in d ica te d d a te s.
T h e s e e s tim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f change in a v e r a g e s fo r the a r e a ; th ey a r e not in ten ded
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay ch a n g es in the e sta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
M eth od o f C om puting

in the occu p a tion a l g rou p . T h e s e co n sta n t w e ig h ts r e f le c t b a s e y e a r
em p loy m en ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
T h e a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a rn in g s f o r
e a ch occu p a tio n w e re m u ltip lie d b y the o c c u p a tio n a l w eigh t, and the
p r o d u c ts fo r a ll o ccu p a tio n s in the g rou p w e r e to ta le d . T h e a g g r e g a te s
fo r 2 c o n s e cu tiv e y e a r s w e r e r e la t e d b y d iv id in g the a g g re g a te f o r
the la te r y e a r b y the a g g re g a te fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
T he resu lta n t
r e la t iv e , le s s 100 p e r c e n t, sh ow s the p e r c e n ta g e ch a n g e. The in d e x
is the p ro d u ct o f m u ltiplyin g the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100) b y the r e la t iv e
fo r the next s u cce e d in g y e a r and con tin u in g to m u ltip ly (com p ou n d )
each y e a r ’ s r e la tiv e by the p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d e x . A v e r a g e e a rn in g s
f o r the follow in g occu p a tio n s w e r e u se d in com p u tin g the w a g e tr e n d s :

E a ch o f the s e le c t e d k ey o c cu p a tio n s w ith in an o c cu p a tio n a l
grou p w as a s s ig n e d a w eigh t b a se d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m p loy m en t
O ffice clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

Table 2.

O ffice clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T ool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of Standard Weekly Salaries and Straight-Time Hourly Earnings for Selected Occupational Groups in Detroit, Mich. ,
January 1968 and January 1967, and Percents o f Increase for Selected Periods
Indexes
(January 1961=100)

Percents of increase
January 1966
to
January 1967

January 1965
to
January 1966

January 1964
to
January 1965

January 1963
to
January 1964

January 1968

January 1967

January 1967
to
January 1968

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w om en )-------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )-----Skilled maintenance (m en)-— ----------Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------------

128. 2
135. 7
131. 3
129.6

121. 5
124.9
119. 5
122. 4

5. 5
8. 6
9. 9
5 .9

5. 6
7. 3
5.4
6.9

2.
5.
3.
4.

8
1
7
5

3.0
1.3
1.6
.4

3.
3.
2.
3.

0
1
7
7

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women) — ---Industrial nurses (men and w om en )-----Skilled maintenance (m en)------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------------

127. 4
134. 1
131. 8
127.8

121.
123.
119.
121.

5. 2
8. 6
10. 3
5 .4

5. 9
7. 2
5. 4
5.9

2.
5.
3.
4.

8
5
6
1

2. 3
.9
1. 6
1. 3

3.
2.
2.
2.

1
6
7
9

Industry and occupational group




1
5
6
2

January 1962
to
January 1963

January 1961
to
January 1962

January 1960
to
January 1961

3 .0
2. 7
2.9
3. 4

2. 5
3. 3
1.9
1.8

3. 1
4 .4
4. 4
4. 8

3. 4
3. 2
2.9
3. 4

2.
2.
1.
1.

3.8
5. 3
4. 5
4. 7

0
3
9
8

5
F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the w age
tr e n d s r e la t e to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r the n o r m a l w o rk w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a r n in g s fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey
m e a s u r e ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w ee k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c c u ­
p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ith in
e a c h g ro u p .

C hanges in the la b o r f o r c e can ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a ctu a l w age ch a n g e s. It is c o n c e iv a b le
that e v e n though a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a gave w ag e in c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d the a r e a o r expan ded th eir w o rk f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ag es
m a y have r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly con sta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d the a r e a .

L im ita tio n s o f D ata
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change, as m e a s u r e s o f
ch an ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu en ced b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b , and (3) ch a n g es in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e re su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu rn ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y esta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .




The u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w eig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
of ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e f le c t on ly changes
in a v e r a g e pay fo r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .
T h e y a re not in flu en ced b y
ch a n g es in sta n d a rd w o rk s c h e d u le s , as su ch , o r b y p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e . W h ere n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d ju sted to r e m o v e fr o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change any s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t ca u sed
b y ch a n g es in the s c o p e o f the su r v e y .

6
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , D e t r o it, M ich . , J a n u a ry 1968)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number Average
weekly
of
hours1
woikets ( standard)

$
55
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

s

s
60

$

$

Number of w ork ers re ceivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
%
$
$
%
S
%
$
%
%
S
t
%
%
$
$
$
190 200
170
180
110
160
150
120
130
140
85
100 105
75
80
90
95

65

70

80

85

-

-

and
u n d er

and

60

65

70

75

-

-

-

-

90

95

100

-

-

-

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

over

65
61
4

219
190
29

152
27

129
108
21

100
64
36

50
43
7

138
109
29

16
14
2

105

110

120

6

6
1
5

24

73
10
3

MEN

4 0 .0

WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------

1 7 3 .5 0 1 7 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .5 0 - 1 9 5 .5 0

-

—
CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------•
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

325
157
168

4 0 .0 1 2 0 .5 0 1 2 4 .0 0 1 1 2 .5 0 - 1 3 3 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 2 4 .5 0 1 1 6 .0 0 - 1 3 7 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 1 6 .0 0 1 2 2 .5 0 1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .5 0

_

CLERKS* ORDER ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------- --------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------- ----------------

410
102
308
306

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS* PAYRCLL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3 -------------------------

248
200
29

3 9 .5

CFFIGE BOYS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------ -------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3— ----------------------FINANCE4
SERVICES — --------------------------------------

325
133
192
28

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

8 6 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 1 0 5 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

83

3 7 .5

7 4 .0 0

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS A -------------

$
$
$
$
1 5 9 .0 0 1 5 6 .5 0 1 4 3 .0 0 - 1 7 6 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 5 9 .5 0 1 6 1 .0 0 1 4 5 .5 0 - 1 7 8 .0 0

978
791
187
32
117

CLERKS*

NONMANUFACTURING ------- ----------------------

3 9 .5

-

“

-

-

-

1

16

11

14

36

7

29

2

_

~

15
1
1

12
12

10
10

7
4
3

3
1
2

8
1
7

12
7
5

12
5
7

76
46
30

80
33
47

61
30
31

37
27
10

2
2
-

2
2

1
1
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

18
13
5
5

9
1
8
8

62
6
56
55

103
25
78
78

72
19
53
52

69
9
60
60

31
9
22
22

23
5
18
18

8
5
3
3

6
1
5
5

-

-

_

4
1

41
30

45
23

55
52

19
19

29
29

12
11

2
2

15
15

3
3

_

_
-

_

-

_

-

-

-

2
i
-

-

-

-

2
2

1 2 0 .5 0 - 1 4 5 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0 - 1 4 7 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 - 1 4 4 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 - 1 4 4 .5 0

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
9

_

4 0 .0 143*50 1 4 1 .0 0 1 2 9 . 0 0 - 1 6 0 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 4 7 .5 0 1 4 3 .5 0 1 3 1 .5 0 - 1 6 2 .0 0

_

_

1

_

_

_

1

15
15

6
_

_

10

16

2

17
15
2

9
4
5

30
29
1

31
24
7
7

14
8
6
6

3
3

2
2

-

_
-

15
3
12

23
9
14

35
27
8

45
26
19

33
22
11

28
26
2

23
21
2

27
27
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

91
43
48
16

72
30
42
3

40
38
2
2

28
28

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

32
13
19
5

-

-

"

-

-

17
3

40
33

26
22

11
11

3
3

-

_

_

_

_

_

8

26
14
12

3
2
1

1
1

-

1

1 3 2 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0

-

1 3 1 .0 0 1 3 3 .5 0 1 2 8 .0 0 - 1 3 8 .0 0

7 2 .5 0

7 1 . 5 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0
7 0 . 0 0 - 8 3 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0
Ml Cn _ 7 A AA
Dir* f 7«UU
7 0 . 5 0 - 7 5 .0 0

1

5

-

5
-

3

25
3
22

73
11
62
-

14
-

15

-

19
14
5

15
8
7

-

-

2
3

-

-

-

-

_

-

1

_

-

-

'

-

1

*

-

2

3

35

-

1

4

2
2

2
1

31
28

12
2
10

2
1

3
1

4

65

-

-

-

1
1

50

-

38
6
32
14
2
14

-

-

28
6
22
1

16
-

16
13

TA8ULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----- --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

234
165
69

3 9 .5 1 5 1 .0 0 1 4 9 .5 0 1 3 7 .0 0 - 1 6 7 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 5 7 .0 0 1 5 9 .0 0 1 4 1 .0 0 - 1 7 6 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 3 7 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 2 3 .0 0 - 1 4 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----- ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------FINANCE4-----------------------------------------------

330
169
161
63

3 9 .0 1 2 8 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 3 7 .0 0
3 8 .5 1 1 8 .0 0
3 8 .0 1 1 1 . 0 0

1 1 8 .5 0 - 1 3 9 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 4 9 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 - 1 3 1 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

3

-

TA6ULATING-M ACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ----- --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

109
75

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .5 0 1 1 7 .0 0 1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 2 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

~

“

E IL L 6 R S , MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) - — ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 —— — — — —
—
WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------------

269
73
196
54
118

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 0 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

-

-

9 3 .5 0

9 2 .5 0

8 9 .5 0 - 1 0 0 .0 0

CILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
Mi r u v M %
IC
n A b H i Nt I
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

62

3 9 .5

8 9 .5 0

8 5 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

-

2

“

3

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

WOMEN

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




9 6 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

9 0 . 0 0 - 1 1 5 .5 0
8 6 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 - 1 1 5 .5 0
1 1O * U A -" 1 m U#OU
H M A U 1 7 A Art

q i«
Qj

-

22
5
17

35
14
21

19
15

39

7

-

4

58

4

39

4

41
1
40

-

-

12

19

56

2

26

1

1

-

2
2

23
23

6

20

-

-

4

10
10

-

“

1

3

n n J, Un D \J
UU“- i ha • Kfi
-

3

2
-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

7
Ta b ic A -l. O ffice Occupations— Men and W o m e n — Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , D e t r o it , M ich . , J a n u a ry 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Num ber o f w o rk e rs re ce iv in g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—

$

S
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
under
60

WOMEN -

S

*

$

$

$

$

L

»

$

$

$

$

$

S

S

%

1 -------- %
1
ie o
190
200

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

1 20

130

140

1 50

160

170

180

190

200

-

55

-

2
2

8
8

30
30

11
3
8

14
6
8

26
7
19

42
8
34

30
15
15

59
56
3

27
27
~

27
14
13

20
14
6

3
3

-

~

~

~

72
7
65
-

59
19
40
6

17
2
15
1
9
“

43
1
42
19
10
4

46
11
35
22
8
2

53
11
42
11
14
12

46
18
28
11
1
14

27
18
9
2
2
3

40
14
26
12
4

9
5
4
2

19
6
13

7
7
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

*

13

"

55
8
47
9
11
16
7
4

103
9
94
4
8
15
27
40

208
78
1 30
28
1
24
40
37

1 £9
56
93
16
33
19
25

1 40
92
48
11
8
16
4
9

112
58
54
8
15
9
6
16

83
60
23
12
1
10

118
92
26
26
-

36
32
4
4
-

25
25
*

4
4
—
-

-

60

and

-

over

CONTINUED

299
153
146

S
$
$
$
3 9 .5 1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 8 .0 0 9 7 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 1 8 .0 0 1 1 8 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 2 7 .0 0
3 9 .0
9 9 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .5 0

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

440
119
321
68
62
54

4 0 .0
9 4 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 0 2 .0 0 1 0 2 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
4 0 .0
9 0 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
4 0 .0
9 3 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
4 0 .5
9 3 .0 0
3 8 .5 1 0 7 .5 0 1 0 2 .5 0

7 8 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 - 1 1 1 .5 0
7 6 .5 0 - 1 0 0 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 2 4 .0 0

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3---------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ----- ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------F I NANCE 4-----------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

1 ,2 5 8
564
694
79
113
181
160
161

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 4 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 8 .5 0 - 1 4 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 6 1 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 - 1 2 8 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 - 1 6 0 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 - 1 1 5 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0 - 1 2 4 .0 0

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------- —
NONMANUFACTURING---------------------- ---------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------- —
FINANCE4- ---------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S ---------------------—

2 ,3 2 7
701
1*626
311
176
477
459
203

9 3 .5 0
3 9 .5
9 6 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
3 9 .0
9 1 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 0 6 .5 0 1 0 8 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
4 0 .0
9 1 .5 0
3 9 .5
8 6 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
3 8 .5
8 6 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
3 8 .5
9 2 .0 0

8 2 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0
7 9 .0 0 - 1 0 1 .5 0
7 7 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 - 9 7 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0

_
-

CLERKS* F IL E * CLASS A ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

236
160
58

3 9 .0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 0 7 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 0 3 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
3 8 .5
9 0 .0 0

9 5 .5 0 - 1 3 2 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 - 9 9 .0 0

CLERKS* FILE** CLASS B — -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------FINANCE4----------------------- *
------------------- -----

616
114
502
32
360

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

7 8 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

7 2 .0 0 7 8 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 7 8 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 -

8 6 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

_
—
-

CLERKS* F IL E * CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE4----------------------- *
------------------------

758
84
674
54
86
429

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 2 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

7 3 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

6 8 .0 0 6 8 .0 0 6 8 .0 0 8 2 .0 0 6 8 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 -

7 7 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

CLERKS* ORDER ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------

358
210
148
88

3 9 .5 1 0 3 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 0 3 .5 0 1 0 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 2 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 1 .0 0

CLERKS* PAYROLL -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3—«-----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------ ------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

829
459
370
58
120
105

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

£ OBKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS A ------ -------- -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------- -----------------------

-

_

EOQKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*

S ee fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f ta b le .




1 2 6 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

8 9 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 - 1 2 9 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0 1 0 0 .0 0 - 1 3 7 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 - 1 1 7 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 1 1 6 .5 0 - 1 3 1 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

-

~

-

"

2
2
2

_

-

-

-

3

39

45

39

—
—
-

-

-

-

3
3
-

39
14
25
-

45
14
12
19

39
26
4
9

59
10
49
3
14
15
6
11

56
56
17
39

67
67
20
35
12
-

166
36
130
1
4
47
78

1 68
8
160
2
25
47
66
20

253
14
239
34
14
69
70
52

232
27
205
34
20
95
30
26

3 00
92
208
36
23
79
33
37

226
111
115
21
20
18
48
8

1 69
65
104
11
20
36
17
20

146
78
68
26
20
11
11

272
115
1 57
71
22
11
29
24

143
79
64
48
8
3
5

89
41
48
22

40
35
5
5

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

26

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

28
28
27

9
9
-

20
19
12

27
27
7

23
23
11

26
9
1

9
6

2
-

87
35

3
3

2
1

_
—

_

-

_
-

-

-

34
34
10

67
3
64
53

143
4
139
113

115
33
82
14
58

98
1
97
82

36
2
34
2
22

74
46
28
5
10

12
12
9
3

5
5
5

5
1
4
4

13
11
2
2

3
3
-

6
5
1
-

-

—
-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

79
3
76

155
32
123
15
95

2 31
8
223

74
15
59
28

10

4
2
2
1

17

-

3

17
16

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
182

170
24
146
2
45
55

31

6

1

1

-

14
6
8
8

18
18
-

22
2
20
9

32
27
5
5

24
17
7
5

68
26
42
31

12
5
7
7

25
25

23
19
4
4

72
64
8
7

33
33
7

5
1
4
4

1
1
1

_

_

5

21
9
12

64
31

43
17
26
l
9
8

69
47

46
7
39
1
18
18

68
10
58
1
11
24

1 53
82
71
18
21
14

116
£5
31
15

79
54
25
14

54
49
5
1

25
22

-

-

-

-

15
-

15
-

12
8
-

8
-

-

-

-

13
46
1
—
1
~

-

-

1
—
1

2
-

-

2

5

-

-

-

-

1

2

4
1

10

49
13
36
1
29

2

3

-

10
4

33
-

9
11

22
6
4
10

-

-

-

-

2

4

9

-

—

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

_

-

2

3

32
31
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
“

"




Ta b le A -l. Office Occupations— M en and W o m e n — Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , D e t r o i t , M ic h . , Jan u a ry 1968)

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
60

65

70

Number o f w ork ers receivin g s traight-tim e w eek ly earnings o f—
$
S
%
*
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
t
$
%
$
$
180
170
190 200
105
140
85
95
110
120
150 160
75
130
90
100
80

60

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

6?

7p

75

80

85

90

95

lo p

105

5
5
5

7
7
7

7
7
7

40
40
40

60
l
59
1
24
33

126
7
119
6
99

124
14
110
33
71

85
11
74
17
47

50
6
44
27
17

29
4
25
12
13

120
72
48
11
14
16

S

$
55

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

%

%

%

and
under
120

140

150

160

170

pO

}9 0

77
60
17
12
5
-

97
74
23
3
19
1

97
96
1
1
-

12
12
-

-

-

-

_

_

—
-

—
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

—

-

-

-

po

200 over

579
28
157
356

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
2 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$
$
$
8 9 .5 0 - 1 2 5 .5 0
107*50 1 0 1 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 1 3 1 .0 0 1 1 6 .5 0 - 1 4 2 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
8 6 .0 0 - 1 0 1 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 1 2 3 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 2 8 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
8 4 . 5 0 - 9 5 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

-

988
366
622
159
56
103
156
148

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

1 0 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0 1 1 3 .5 0 - 1 3 0 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 - 1 0 1 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 - 1 1 5 .0 0

-

-

-

4
4
4
-

5
5
1
4

34
34
7
4
23
-

75
2
73
7
5
31
29
1

105
6
99
17
20
16
21
25

126
32
94
2
4
18
28
42

115
51
64
4
1
14
16
29

115
62
53
2
11
10
20
10

137
72
65
24
8
3
15
15

133
49
84
59

67
21
46
44

42
42
-

30
29
1
_

-

2
-

-

-

25

-

1

8 5 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 0 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 1 9 .5 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 0 7 .5 0 - 1 3 3 .5 0
3 9 .0
9 2 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 0 8 .5 0 1 0 4 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 - 1 2 7 .5 0
4 0 .0
8 2 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 6 . 0 0 - 9 4 .0 0
3 8 .5
8 7 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
7 9 . 5 0 - 9 4 .5 0
3 8 .5
8 9 .5 0
8 2 . 5 0 - 9 4 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

2
2

8
8
4
4
—

26
26

126
5
121
12
35
59
1

366
24
342
5
15
68
115

183
42
141
65
13
45
18

199
37
162
31
6
50
73

173
84
89
14
17
37
15

107
54
53
5
8
16
24

54
21
33
2
1
21
9

342
255
87
37
1
5
15

255
2C0
55
36

155
140
15
15

206
157
49
49

32
28
4
4

8
12
6

49
6
43
9
7
20
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
5
1

5
5
-

34
34
-

1
1
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

801 1065
557
252
549
508
79
140
53
83
65
30
228
190
88
101

961
598
363
52
90
22
62
137

838
635
203
63
50
4
24
62

985
757
228
47
117
11
25
28

713
639
74
19
39

321
290
31
1
27
-

92
84
8
2
1

119
115
4

-

187
175
12
3
1
-

-

-

6
10

2
1

1
7

1
4

4

>283
>053
>230
288
117
333
283

-

2
-

-

-

402
164
238
100

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 1 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

7 6 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

6 8 . 5 0 - 8 6 .5 0
8 0 .5 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0
6 4 . 5 0 - 7 6 .5 0
6 5 . 5 0 - 7 3 .5 0

26
26
10

44
8
36
10

44
1
43
37

69
10
59
28

67
21
46
9

42
19
23
6

30
28
2

11
10
1

6
5
1

4
4
-

13
13
-

i 407
,389
018
556
555
325
028
554

3 9 .5
40^0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

1 3 6 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

1 1 6 .5 0 - 1 5 6 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 6 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 - 1 3 4 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 - 1 3 9 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0 - 1 5 5 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 - 1 2 3 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0 - 1 3 7 .5 0

-

~
-

1
1

15
15

-

-

18
18
8
2
7
1

1
13
1

89
24
65
13
8
23
19
2

122
122
30
34
24
33
1

182
21
161
38
11
33
72
7

267
56
211
19
4
40
133
15

277
61
216
22
25
36
104
29

354
125
229
28
4
34
108
55

460
282
178
69

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 5 0 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 4 4 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0 - 1 7 2 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0 - 1 7 8 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 - 1 5 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 3 9 .0 0

_

616
959
657
62
119
71
261
144

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

1 4 9 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0

1 4 9 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 7 1 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0 - 1 8 3 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0 - 1 4 6 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0 - 1 5 8 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 - 1 6 8 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 - 1 4 5 .5 0

969
631
338
181
129
419
261

3 9 .5 1 3 7 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 4 5 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 2 2 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 3 0 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 2 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 1 4 .0 0
3 7 .0 1 2 3 .5 0

1 3 9 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

1 2 2 .5 0 - 1 5 6 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0 - 1 5 9 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0 - 1 3 5 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 - 1 4 5 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 1 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0 - 1 3 3 .5 0

-

-

“

-

-

1

-

-

_

_

_

_

5

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
“

-

-

21
6
15

20
4
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

8

4

-

-

-

-

-

R

4

-

8

-

-

-

-

4

4
11

40
18
22

29

62

-

1
1
-

11
11

“

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

29
3
5
6
1

62
1
12

-

16
119
42
77
-

44

23
46

3

8

13
10
3
-

4
-

4
3

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

37
12
25
14

58
27
31
22

76
38
38
16

63
47
16
8

51
33
18
4

30
21
9
-

37
28
9
1

33
24
9
-

23
16
7
1

30
26
4
-

161
45
116
3

160
97
63
15
7
3
11
27

155
88
67
24
15
2
3
23

222
167
55
14
31

109
89
20

149
146
3

69
68
1

88
88

-

-

20
82
11

187
106
81
4
21
7
6
43

-

637
344
293
59
5
1C7
46

551
349
202
27
5
36
71

562
455
107
39

58
7
51
1

62
22
40

-

5
40
5

4
4
22
10

143
26
117
1
14
26
58
18

116
32
84
5
23
20
20

138
34
104
7
18
57
22

320
111
209
22
27
71
58

-

_
—
-

-

19

-

-

-

6
4

1
-

1
2

761
623
138
18

452
444
8

175
173
2

5
5

-

-

-

4

17
1

-

-

3

“

27

-

-

-

1

-

-

1
1
-

~

9
Ta b le A -l. O ffice Occupations— M en and W o m e n — Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , D e t r o it , M ic h ., J a n u a ry 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

$

55
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range2

WOMEN -

65

$

$

$

$

70

65_

70

$

$

%

100

105

-

80

85

90

95

-

-

-

-

.90

95

10Q

81
15
66
4
17

114
10
104
4
71
7

SI

M ...
.

80 ..—85 -

17

13
13
13
-

3>0
6
24
8
2

76
76
20
23
-

103
32
71
1
5
3
43
19

169
11
158
41
10
18
67
22

223
81
142
18
19
42
39
24

279
100
179
49
36
62
32

215

1
1
-

36
26
10

52
2
50

92
27
65

-

5
4

4
46

23
41

5
5

13
13

46
46
30
3
9

28
1
27
-

92
1
91
40
43
8

118
95
23
1
9
3
10

$
110

-

75
-

60

■ and
sunder

60, _

SECRETARIES" -

$

$

$

*
120

S
130

-

$
140

$
150

$

-

-

$

$

“I

-

105 ...110

120

130

140

150

160

170

LI9
69
70.
25
23

283
103
180
8
41
24

200
141
59
3
11
30

135
105
30
5
2
11

42

15
13
2
-

8
7
1
-

228
129
99
10
32
12

471
364
107
54
33
4

2C4
110
94
74
10
2

107
60
47

61
55

129
34
11
10
41
33

199
76
123
28
29
27
26
13

37

16

355
152
203
15
60
111

223
155
16
56
74

638
457
181
22
53
87

9C8
740
168
16
9
114

605
516
89
42
1
41

455
445
10
5
3

151
147
4
1
3

7
7

28

11
1
10

23
10
13

42
37
5

52
46

84
71
13

66
65
1

14
13
1

39
5
34

24
6
18

15

44

8

18
26

15
5
10

2

2

3
9

3

2

69
11
58
3
7
16
16

2

2

~

113
24
89

59
31
28
12
1
-

16

6
9

82
28
54
7
13
20
14

60
38

5
14

106
63
43
10
20
13
"

12

4

2

23
3
20

19

190

-

-

and

190

200

Q fiJC
V

-

-

200

2

183
85
98
56
14
13
15

180

8

108
34
74
2
34
35

170
-

160

i«9 ,

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

$

$

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------ ---------—
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFAGTURING --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE 4----------------------- -----------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

1 ,2 3 5
517
718
62
260
106

3 9 .0
4 0 .6
3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

112*00 9 9 ,0 0 - 1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 1 1 1 .5 0 - 1 3 4 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 - 1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0 1 0 7 .5 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS, G E N E R A L --------------------- *
—
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------------- —
FINANCE4 -----------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S ----------------------------------------- -----

2 ,3 3 5
1 ,1 1 2
1 ,2 2 3
359
153
162
333
216

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 - 1 1 4 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 1 7 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 - 1 2 4 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 - 1 1 4 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0
7 9 . 0 0 - 9 4 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0

_

2

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR — ------------------- —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------- —
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3---------------------------FINANCE4 -----------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------- -----------

3 ,6 2 6
2 ,6 1 5
1 ,0 1 1
119
247
559

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0

1 1 0 .5 0 - 1 3 5 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0 - 1 3 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 - 1 2 0 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 - 1 3 2 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 - 1 2 1 .0 0

_

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------- —

345
247
98

3 9 .5 1 2 3 .0 0 1 2 8 .5 0 1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 3 8 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 3 0 .5 0 1 3 2 .5 0 1 2 2 .0 0 - 1 4 1 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 4 .0 0
3 8 .5 1 0 4 .5 0 1 0 0 .0 0

-

_

_
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3 ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------FINANCE4-----------------------------------------------SERVICES ------------------- ------------------- ------

531
57
474
39
164
135
99

3 9 .5
8 7 .0 0
7 3 . 5 0 - 9 7 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 8 .0 0
9 8 .5 0 - 1 1 3 .5 0
3 9 .5
8 4 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
7 2 . 5 0 - 9 5 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 1 3 .5 0 1 1 4 .5 0 1 1 0 .5 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0
4 0 .0
7 9 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 2 .5 0 - 8 8 .0 0
3 9 .0
8 6 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0
3 9 .5
6 7 . 0 0 - 9 0 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

-

SWITCHBOARD Q PERATO R-RECEPTICN ISTSMANUF A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------FINANCE4 -----------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S ----------------------------------------------

900
450
450
50
150
88
90
72

3 9 .5
9 9 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 0 1 .5 0 9 6 .5 0
3 9 .5
9 6 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 8 .0 0
3 9 .5
9 5 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
4 0 .5
9 4 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
3 8 .0
8 9 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
3 9 .0
9 9 .0 0 1 0 1 .5 0

132
52
80

$

*

1
-

1

17
8

1

-

-

1

51
6
45

7

-

-

2
-

-

2

23
2
21
4
13
4

-

-

2

-

-

2

“

-

-

-

1
2
34
8

2

_
-

13

66

-

-

13

66

-

-

3

78
78

-

-

10

20
1
37

39
30

-

8 9 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 - 1 2 5 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 - 1 0 1 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0
7 2 . 5 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0

_

-

19

8

-

-

-

3 9 .0 1 1 1 .5 0 1 0 8 .5 0 1 0 2 .0 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 1 9 .0 0 1 0 4 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .0 0
3 8 .0 1 0 6 .0 0 1 0 6 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .5 0

_

TA8ULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

—
-

9

-

1

18
18
11

19

7

4

19

8

17
2

3

'
_

.

_

3

“

3

1

~

24
24

41
41

2
19

2

4

14

28

9

~

2

12
13

86

4

24

4

39
24
6

36
6
1
2

44

6
6

3

-

68

7

22
2

4

2

30
16
14

6

1

4

55
311
303
74
141
I

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f ta b le ,




4 0 .0 1 0 2 .0 0

9 9 .0 0

8 4 .5 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

8 8 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 - 9 7 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 - 9 7 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0
8 0 .5 0 - 9 0 .0 0

9 0 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

_

_

-

-

4
4

-

-

100
96
31
45

35
35

23
23
11

7
5
5

22
22

'

"■

4

-

9

10

2
2

_

15

9
6

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

—
-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

_
-

-

_

-

44
43
1

19
19
-

_
-

~

1

~

23
12
11

8
4
4

6
6

~

1

3

_

-

_

■-

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

~

8

22

-

_
-

_
-

_

13
9

17

27
26
6
14

6

IABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

1RANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------ -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE4 ------ ------------ '----------------------------

-

8

8

12

14

23
23

71
24
47
3
16

4

12
69
9
42
1

5
4

~
1
1

1
1
~

_
-

_
~

_
-

_
”

10
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , D e t r o i t , M ic h . , J a n u a ry 1968)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f —

Number

$

*

S

S

%

WOMEN -

workers

S

S

$

S

t

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

*

$

$

S
200

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

60

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

weekly
hours1
(standard)

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110,

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200 ov er

58

-

-

14
2
12

12

-

-

-

_

-

-

8
4

-

-

-

-

55
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
under

and

CONTINUED

$
1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0
— 8 .5 0
8
1 0 2 .5 0

T Y P ISTS* CLASS A -------------- -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------- -------FINANCE4-----------------------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

1*568
727
841
112
350
167

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

T YP ISTS* CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------- — -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------- -------------------------FINANCE4 ----------------------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------------------- 1
5
4
*
2

2*844
1*072
1 .7 7 2
201
220
178
972
201

3 9 .5
9 0 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 3 .0 0
3 9 .0
8 2 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
8 7 .0 0
3 9 .5
7 7 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
8 0 .0 0

$
$
$
9 1 .5 0 - 1 2 6 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0 1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 3 3 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 - 1 2 7 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 - 9 6 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

7 7 . 0 0 - 9 8 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0
7 3 . 0 0 - 9 0 .0 0
8 3 . 0 0 - 9 8 .5 0
7 9 . 0 0 - 9 4 .0 0
6 7 . 5 0 - 8 7 .0 0
7 2 . 0 0 - 8 7 .0 0
7 1 . 5 0 - 8 7 .5 0

-

24

69

-

—

24

69

168
6
162

-

-

-

-

24
29
16

99

24
-

44
19

-

-

12

156
8
148
9
100
10

112
12
100
12
54
10

134
43
91
9
50
16

75
14
61
3
32
21

158
83
75
9
38
27

138
84
54
7
15
5

205
140
65
16
7
10

153
51
102
34
4
52

263
202
61
10
1

89
87
2
2

8
4

58
1
33
8

348
51
297
13
29
203
52

266
35
231
5
55
10
145
16

398
77
321
73
7
21
178
42

370
136
234
33
46
14
127
14

370
156
214
31
59
20
84
20

180
109
71
13
1
16
32

126
59
67
3
35

48
44
4
3

217
174
43
35

79
78
l

62
61
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

119
86
33
5
2

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

1

5
3

9

19
10

-

1
1

-

-

_

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_

26

1 Stan d a r d -h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f a r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , a n d the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T he m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s an d d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it i o n — h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the r a te sh ow n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e sh ow n .
T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n le s s than th e lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e than
the h ig h e r r a t e .
y T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
5 M a y in clu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




11
Ta b le A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations— Men and W o m e n
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on am a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , D e t r o i t , M ic h ., J a n u a ry 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f— ‘
Number

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

workers

$
weekly
hours1
[standard)

ft

Median2

Middle range 2

$

ft

ft

ft

ft

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

-

-

-

82
80
2

33
6
27
27

41
8
33
30

84
53
31
31

78
63
15
15

-

-

$
140

-

—
-

S
130

110

90

70

ft

120

1 00

80

and
u n d er

$
110

90

70

ft

100

80

60
Mean2

ft

150

160

170

ft

190

ft

ft

ft

ft

ft

ft

ft
260

200

210

220

230

240

250

200

210

220

230

240

250

2 6 0 .over

123
92
31
30

172
88
84
84

549
243
306
3 01

366
285
81
81

644
415
229
229

462
440
22
22

418
370
48
48

203
197
6
6

24
7
17
17

31
30
1

13
13
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

180

and

-

HEN

DRAFTSMEN* CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

3 ,2 7 9
2 ,3 4 7
932
921

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
!$
$
$
2 1 5 .5 0 2 2 1 .5 0 2 0 2 .5 0 - 2 3 6 .5 0
2 2 0 .0 0 2 2 6 .0 0 2 0 7 .0 0 - 2 3 9 .5 0
2 0 4 .5 0 2 0 4 .5 0 2 0 0 .0 0 - 2 2 2 .0 0
2 0 4 .5 0 2 0 4 .5 0 2 0 0 .0 0 - 2 2 2 .5 0

CRAFTSMEN. CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3 ---------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

2 ,0 6 1
1 ,3 7 2
689
52
636

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 6 4 .5 0 1 6 6 .5 0 1 4 7 .0 0 - 1 8 3 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0 1 6 8 .0 0 1 5 3 .5 0 - 1 8 9 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 2 .0 0 1 4 0 .5 0 - 1 7 3 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0 1 5 1 .5 0 1 4 7 .5 0 - 1 6 0 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0 1 6 5 .5 0 1 3 8 .0 0 - 1 7 3 .5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

15
14
1
1

18
13
5
5

141
49
92
92

1 28
58
70
1
69

270
1 55
115
21
94

257
2 11
46
18
28

272
215
57
12
44

372
141
2 31

222
1 83
39

201
175
26

117
1 11
6

231

39

26

6

1

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3 ---------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

1 ,2 0 0
881
319
30
284

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 3 0 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 1 1 .5 0 -1 4 9 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 5 7 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

_
-

17
9
8
8

45
7
38
8
30

85
5
80
1
79

115
78
37
2
30

203
139
64
5
59

134
105
29
5
24

200
170
30
8
22

108
86
22
22

98
87
11
1
10

61
61

35
35

85
85

9
9

5
5

_
-

CRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

296
207

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0

7 6 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

18

61

13
4

20
20

16
15

13
13

83
83

52
52

18
18

_

2
2

445
392
53
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 4 3 .0 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0

1 3 0 .5 0 -1 5 6 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 4 4 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

-

4
1
3
1

35
23
12
2

64
51
13
6

84
73
11
7

102
100
2
1

59
58
1
1

60
50
10
7

_
-

WOMEN

KURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REG ISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3 —*------------------------ 1
3
2

1
to th e se
2
3

-

-

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e
w e e k ly h o u r s .
F o r d e f in it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n : c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




34
33
1

s a la r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m

r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d

-

12
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations— Men and W om en Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , D e t r o i t , M ic h . , J a n u a ry 1968)

Average
O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFF ICE OCX U P A T IQNS
e IL L B B S , MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) — ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------* -------- ------------ -NONMANUFACTURING — --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------- ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

269

73
196
54
1 18

$
3 9 .5 1 0 0 .0 0
3 9 .5
9 8 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 0 0 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 1 7 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
4 0 .0

E IB L 6 R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) — *•-----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

91
62

COQKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A ------ -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

299
153
146

3 9 .5 1 0 9 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 1 8 .0 0
3 9 .0
9 9 .5 0

442
119
323

9 4 . 00
4 0 .0
3 9 .5 1 0 2 .0 0
4 0 .0
9 1 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
4 0 .0
9 3 .0 0
4 0 .5
3 8 .5 1 0 7 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B ------ «------------------------ '-----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------SERVICES ------ ---------------------------------------

68

62
54

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 5 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING. CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2— — -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ---------- -------------------------F IN A N C E -----------------------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

2 .2 3 6
1 ,3 5 5
881
111
230
187
179
174

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -------------- •
--------------------FINANCE3 -----------------------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

2 .6 5 2
858
1 ,7 9 4
395
225
480
489
205

9 9 .0 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0 1 1 0 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5 1 0 8 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
4 0 .0
8 5 .5 0
3 9 .5
8 8 .0 0
3 8 .0
9 2 .0 0
3 8 .5

CLERKS* F IL E * CLASS A ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

248
164
58

3 9 .0 1 1 0 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 0 4 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
3 8 .5

CLERKS* F IL E * CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----- FINANCE3 --------------------------

650
140
510
34
360

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 2 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

CLERKS* F IL E * CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
WHOLESALE TRADE
FINANCE3 -----------------

766
85
681
56
86

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 2 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f ta ble




Average
O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

434

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

312
456
394

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 ,0 7 7
659
418
87
121
121

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

949
369
580
28
158
356

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 ----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE3------------------------------S E R V IC E S ----------------------- ------

1 ,0 0 3
381
622
159
56
103
156
148

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ------------------------- -—
RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------FINANCE3----------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S ----------------------- ----------------------

2 ,2 9 7
1 ,0 6 3
1 ,2 3 4
292
117
333
283

CFFICE BOYS AND G IRLS----- -----------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 --------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------FINANCE3----------------------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

727
297

CLERKS* ORDER? — -----------MANUFACTURING------------ ------ -------------- —
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ----------------------- —
CLERKS. PAYROLL ------------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2
RETAIL TRADE -------SERVICES ----------------COMPTOMETER O PE RATO RS--------------------------- MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

SECRETARIES4-------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------FINANCE3----------------------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------------------SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---F IN A N C E --------------------

Average

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

768

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

$
1 4 9 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0

1 ,6 2 5
966
659
64
119
71
261
144

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

SECRETARIES* CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------MONMANUFACTURING----------•
--------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2----------------------—
RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------FINANCE3 -----------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

3 ,9 9 8
2 ,6 5 8
1 ,3 4 0
183
129
419
261

3 9 .5 1 3 7 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 4 5 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 2 2 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 3 0 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 0 2 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 1 4 .0 0
3 7 .0 1 2 3 .5 0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------- —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE3 -----------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S --------------------- -------------------------

1 ,2 4 0
519
721
62
260
107

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

3 9 .5 1 0 5 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 1 9 .5 0
3 9 .0
9 3 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 8 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
8 7 .0 0
3 8 .5
8 9 . 50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFAGTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------FINANCE3 -----------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S -------------------------------- --------------

2 ,3 4 1
1, 115
1 ,2 2 6
362
153
162
333
216

3 9 .5 1 0 3 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 9 .0 0
3 9 .0
9 7 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 0 8 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 0 3 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
8 6 .5 0
3 7 .5
9 4 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------- ----NONMANUFACTURING----------------- --------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 ---------------------------FINANCE3 ~ --------------------- -----------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

3 ,6 2 8
2 ,6 1 7
1 ,0 1 1
119
247
559

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

351
249
102

3 9 .5 1 2 3 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 3 0 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 0 5 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------FINANCE3-----------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

531
57
474
39
164
135
99

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

74
71
159
106

8 3 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

7 ,4 5 2
4 ,4 2 7
3 ,0 2 5
562
555
325
1 ,0 2 8
555

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

1 3 6 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

462
284
178
69

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

SECRETARIES, CLASS B — ---------------------MANUFACTURING-------------*------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — — — ------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 ----- ------------------ —
WHOLESALE T R A D E ----------------------- -----RETAIL T R A D E ------ — ------------- -------- -FINANCE3-----------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S ---------------------r------------------------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

430

SECRETARIES4 -

Number
of
workers

3 9 .5 1 5 0 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 5 7 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 4 0 .0 0
3 8 .0 1 2 9 .0 0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

8 7 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

13
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , D e t r o i t , M ic h . , J a n u a ry 1968)
Average

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

OFFICE OCCUPAIiUNS

-

Number
of
worker.

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard (standard)

CONTINUED

Average

Average
Number
of
worker,

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
Weekly
hour, 1 earning, 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

9 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

1 ABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

275
188
87

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0

1 ABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 -------------------------------FINANCE3 ------------------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------------

462
221
2 41
53
81
61

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 2 3 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
L 1 0 .5 0
L 2 2 .5 0

TA8ULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------------ --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

164
99
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE3 ------------------------------------------------------

3 11
303
74
1 41

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

9 0 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------- -—
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 ---------------------------- —
FINANCE3 -----------------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------------

1 ,7 7 8
934
844
113
351
167

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2-------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------RETAIL TRACE -----------------------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------- ------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

2 ,8 5 4
1 ,0 8 1
1 ,7 7 3
201
220
179
972
201

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 0 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




-4

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

O
in

924
474
450
50
150
88
90
72

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

of
workers

W
eekly

Weekly
hour, 1 earnings 1
(ttandard) (xtandard)

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

*
P

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------— ;-------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S 2 -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------FINANCE3 -----------------------------------------------4
SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

Number

1 1 1 .0 0

8 8 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------WONMANUFACTURING ----------------------SERVICES — --------------------------------

3 ,3 0 2
2 ,3 5 5
947
936

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

215 .5Q
2 2 0 .0 0
2 0 3 .5 0
2 0 4 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S 1
2------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------

2 ,0 6 3
1 ,3 7 4
689
52
636

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 6 4 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2------------------SERVICES -------------------------------------

1 ,2 2 1
889
332
31
296

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

306
217

4 0 .0 1 0 7 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 2 2 .5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING----- ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT I E S 2----- --------------

494
441
53
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m

ra te s ),

1 4 4 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0

an d the e a r n in g s

14
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , D e t r o it, M ic h ., Jan u a ry 1968)

Hourly earnings 1

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-■
tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Occupation and industry division

woikers

Mean1 Median 2
2
3

$

$

8 25 ~ 4.G 2
4 .0 8
672
3 .7 1
153
56
3 .6 3

4T 02
4 .4 0
3 .8 4
3 .8 1

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

%
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

$

%
3 .8 0

s

S

$

3 .7 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

$
4 .2 0

S
4 .8 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0 4 .4 0

4 .6 0 4 .8 0

over

3

4

2

23
18
5
-

12
3
9

101
98
3
2

30
25
5

19
11
8
3

89
52
37
30

81
45
36

29
29

-

27
13
14
13

23

54
43
11

-

38
37
1

92
90
2

79
74
5

67
60
7

442
438
4

120
106
14

53
53

9
8
1

1

11

79
62
17
6

97
49
48

-

9

66
45
21

16
14
2

34
34

-

19
18
1
1

7

11
4

5
3

21
21

31
31

13
11

-

2

2

2

2

22
22
-

4 .3 0 4 .4 0

and
2.•50 und er

1

37563 .7 7 3 .5 3 3 .6 2 -

$
4 .4 4
4 .4 5
3 .9 4
3 .8 6

“
-

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

3 ,7 9 5
3 ,5 6 6
229

4 .3 6
4 .3 8
3 .9 8

4 .4 8
4 .4 9
4 .3 2

4 . 1 0 - 4 .6 0
4 . 1 7 - 4 .6 1
3 . 3 6 - 4 .3 7

_
-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------------

705
528
177
26

4 .1 9
4 .3 7
3 .6 5
3 ,5 5

4 .1 9
4 .4 4
3 .8 4
3 .6 5

3 .8 0 3 .9 8 3 .2 7 3 .2 4 -

4 .6 2
4 .6 5
3 .9 8
3 . BO

F i r e m e n * s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

6 67
644

4 .0 2
4 -0 4

4 .3 5
4 .3 6

3 .5 8 3 .6 1 -

4 .4 4
4 .4 4

—
-

and

_
-

7

5

-

11

-

-

-

5

11

5

_
-

12

7

-

-

-

-

-

12

7

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

5
5

22

-

-

4
2

48
40

60
60

28
28

7
5

-

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------ ■
------------

598
5 27
71

3 .0 9
3 .1 1
2 .9 9

3 .2 2
3 .2 2
3 .0 7

2 . 7 2 - 3 .3 6
2 . 7 4 - 3 .3 6
2 . 6 8 - 3 .3 6

13
1
4 12

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

3 ,3 4 1
3 ,3 4 1

4 .3 3
4 .3 3

4 .4 7
4 .4 7

4 . 1 2 - 4 .5 5
4 . 1 2 - 4 .5 5

997
941

4 .2 9
4 .3 3

4 .5 2
4 .5 2

4 . 0 C - 4 .5 7
4 .0 2 - 4 .5 7

3 .6 7

3 .4 0

3 . 3 5 - 4 .0 4

1 , 753
819
934
679
186

3 .8 6
4 .0 9
3 .6 6
3 .6 8
3 .6 9

3 .8 5
4 .3 1
3 .8 0
3 .8 2
3 .6 9

3 .6 3 3 .8 2 3 .4 8 3 .5 7 3 .4 7 -

3

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

3 ,4 3 1
3 ,2 6 1
1 70

4 .2 1
4 .2 2
3 .9 9

4 .3 6
4 .4 1
4 .3 1

3 . 9 1 - 4 .5 7
3 .9 2 - 4 .5 8
3 .7 2 - 4 .3 5

MILLWRIGHTS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

3 ,7 9 4
3 ,7 6 1

4 .2 4
4 .2 4

4 .4 2
4 .4 2

3 . 9 7 - 4 .4 6
3 . 9 7 - 4 .4 6

9 78
969

3 .4 3
3 .4 3

3 .5 0
3 .5 1

3 . 4 1 - 3 .5 6
3 . 4 1 - 3 .5 6

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

619
522
97

3 .9 9
4 .1 1
3 .3 5

4 .2 5
4 .3 2
3 .6 3

3 .7 1 - 4 .3 9
3 .8 5 - 4 .4 0
2 . 7 1 - 3 .6 9

PIPEFITTER S, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

2 ,2 7 0
2 ,1 9 3

4 .2 6
4 .2 7

4 .4 2
4 .4 2

3 . 9 9 - 4 .4 6
3 .9 9 - 4 .4 6

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

454
435

4 .3 3
4 .3 5

4 .4 3
4 .4 4

4 . 3 5 - 4 .4 7
4 .4 0 - 4 .4 7

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

5 ,7 8 5
5 ,7 8 4

4 .5 4
4 .5 4

4 .6 7
4 .6 7

4 .5 3 - 4 .7 4
4 . 5 2 - 4 .7 4

40
40

_

-

C I L E R S --------— ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

2

5

1

9
9

4 .3 1
4 .4 3
3 .8 6
3 .8 7
3 .8 4

3
3

5

12
6
6

48
44
4

28
18
10

13
13

_

28
28

10
10

_
-

14

3

14
7

3
_
-

23
22

4

17
12
5

-

1

-

7
6
8
8

—
-

18
15
3

21
21

-

3 44
338
6

~

9

—
~

7

7

“

185 1637
74 162 8
9
111

917
907
10

42
39
3

-

96
92
4

134
134
-

68
68
-

13
12

1 36
1 36

267
261

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

6
6

-

5

15

5
5

-

_
-

25

22

14

111
111

110
85
25

55
48
7

13
13

28
28

-

“

20
20

14
14

32
32

250
250

105
105

115
115

230
2 30

148
148

190
190

105
105

178 2
1782

3 12
312

_
-

33
4

8
8

6
6

73
71

1
1

19
16

111
111

103
81

24
24

-

-

545
5 45

74
74

-

-

-

_
~

_
“

_

*

-

29

-

-

2

-

3

-

22

-

-

-

-

14

2

50

54
4
50

125
43
82
40
42

I ll

138
44
94
54

499
115
384
362

38
1
37
37

26
23
3

147
141
6

-

22

3

298
287
11

33

93
64
29
15
13

11
4

22
2

96
16
80
34
36

14
14

14
14

20
20

14
4

2
2

-

15
10
5

“

_
-

52
41
11

-

3

“

-

-

-

“

50
37
~
22
22

33
13

2

2
2

7

-

3
3

20
20

28
24
4

125
118
7

47
38
9

182
142
40

3 01
299

2

275
2 75
~

2 86
2 85
1

2C9
209

6 21
6 21

46
46

15
15
~

26
26

17
17

618
618

-

_

69
65

231 2 3 2 0
224 2298

_
-

-

6
6
”

22

1 57
157

139
133
6

-

2

1 8 0 1397
119 1 39 6

9
9

27
27

59
59

70
70

44
44

245
245

476
476

25
25

8
8

2

6
6
~

25
25
-

49
9
40

37
26
11

65
65

8
7

32
32

10
6

109
109

170
168

255
2 55

68
68

2
2

26
26

1
1

4
2

25
8

50
50

4
4

19
19

14
14

13
13

334
3 34

101
101

1 89
189

32
32

259
2 59

555
555

75
74

4 18 3 9 8 5
418 3985

7

4

1

1

_

1

7

4

1

1

-

32
32
~

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

2

6

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
* W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:
2 at $2.10 to $2.20; and 10 at $2.20 to $2.30.

151 1 03 8
61 1 03 7
90
1

~

108
108

1

_

_

_

-

-

_

2

-

_

”

21
21

-

18
17
1

227
227

45
45

21

_

11

3
3

21

~

6

-

106
106

2

_

7
-

~

1
1

2

-

77
34

-

2

_

-

-

-

120
116
4

"

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------

-

10
6

-

56

4

_
-

_
-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3---------------------

—
-

-

3

5
4
1
~

10

-

7

-




*
4 .6 0

$

$
2 .8 0

Middle range2 $

2 .6 0
CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3---------------------

*

$
2 .7 0

$
%
^ * 5 0 2 .6 0

Num
ber

22
22

-

_

-

-

-

“

~

”

~

15
15

34
34

20

_
_
~

1
1
5
5

_
79
79

15
Table A-5. Custodial and Material M ovem ent Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , D e t r o it , M ic h ., J a n u a ry 1968)

N um ber of w o rk e rs r e ce iv in g straigh t-tim e h ou rly earnings of-

Hourly earnings

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Mean5

Median5

$
2 .7 4
3 .4 1
2 .0 2

$
3 .0 8
3 .5 0
1 .7 5

Middle range5

$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
*
$
$
$
%
i
(
S
$
$
S
S
S
$
$
1*30 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 . CO 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 . 80 4 .0 0
and
under
1 .4 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

4 .2 2 5
2 .1 8 4
2 .0 4 1

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

$
1 .7 6 3 .3 2 1 .6 5 -

$
3 .5 2
3 .6 0
2 .1 4

"

1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 _ 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 .

—

2 .0 6 5

3 .4 6

3 .5 1

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1 19

2 .6 5

2 .6 2

2 .4 A - 2 .9 6

-

-

JANITORS* PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4 ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------- -------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------FINANCE5-----------------------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

9 .8 6 2
6 ,7 8 0
3 ,0 8 2
325
97
1 ,0 3 9
363
1 ,2 5 8

2 .7 9
3 .0 7
2 .2 0
2 .7 5
2 .7 1
2 .0 8
2 .3 7
2 .0 6

3 .0 4
3 .1 3
2 .1 0
2 .8 1
2 .6 9
2 .0 8
2 .3 6
1 .9 9

2 . 4 0 - 3 .1 7
3 . 0 0 - 3 .2 0
1 .9 3 - 2 .4 6
2 . 4 6 - 2 .9 7
2 . 3 A - 3 .1 5
1 . 7 7 - 2 .4 4
2 . 1 8 - 2 .5 4
1 . 9 3 - 2 .1 4

20
20
20
-

33
2
31

2 .1 4 2
3 49
1 ,7 9 3
305
178
1 ,2 7 6

1 .9 7
2 .4 6
1 .8 7
1 .7 1
1 .9 3
1 .8 8

1 .9 0
2 .4 6
1 .8 6
1 .7 2
1 .8 5
1 .8 9

1 .7 5 2 .0 4 1 .7 1 1 .6 3 1 .7 1 1 .8 1 -

2 .0 1
2 .8 7
1 .9 6
1 .7 8
2 .3 2
1 .9 6

lA 8 0 R E R S . MATERIAL HANDLING --------------- 1 1 , 4 0 5
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------8 ,3 4 5
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------3 ,0 6 0
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 -------- -------------------1 ,4 2 8
WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------779
RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------724
127
SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

3 .1 3
3 .1 3
3 .1 0
3 .5 9
2 .8 5
2 .5 7
2 .2 4

3 .2 6
3 .2 7
3 .2 5
3 .6 4
2 .8 1
2 .6 4
2 .3 0

2 .8 7 3 .0 1 2 .6 5 3 .6 1 2 .5 7 2 .1 6 1 .6 C -

3 .4 0
3 .3 8
3 .6 4
3 .6 7
2 .8 9
3 .0 1
2 .3 7

CROER
FILLERS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

3 ,0 8 8
697
2 ,3 9 1
2 ,0 2 1
3 04

3 .1 1
3 .0 0
3 .1 3
3 .1 3
3 .1 6

3 .2 0
3 .0 5
3 .3 2
3 .3 1
3 .3 5

2 .8 1 2 .6 8 2 .8 3 2 .8 0 3 .2 2 -

PACKERS. SHIPPING ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

2 ,0 7 6
1 ,2 6 5

3 .1 3
3 .1 0

3 .2 2
3 .0 9

PACKERS. SHIPPING (WOMEN) ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

454
370

2 .9 5
3 .0 9

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

692
461
231
74
1 44

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE T R A C E ----- *
------------------------

276
210
66
51

JA N IT O R S.

PORTERS.

3 . 3 5 - 3 .6 3

AND CLEANERS

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------FINANCE5------------------------------------- ---------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le .




190
190

588
588

505
1
504

197
197

43
13
30

-

25
6

-

-

147 125
2
147
123
—
5
78
90
13
69
15

1
73
4
69
—
66
2
1

51
51

201
3
198

-

13

59
49
10

18
18

31
10
21

77
19
58

74
53
21

68
52
16

259
194
65

465
312
153

931
930
1

604
539
65

-

5

8

53

26

190

312

916

539

26

4

-

14

-

-

-

831 3538 1579
741 34C3 1567
135
90
12
82
55
3
9
24
1
39
7
7

143
123
20

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

45

5

11

25
40
101

262
93
169
9
15
35
68
42

447
236
211
72
105
34

206
92
114
1
1
35
77
“

253
68
185
2
16
142
1
24

117
46
71
45
4
6
16

273
220
53
25
8
20

43
37
6

12
12

42
19
23

489
347
142
1
33
108

266
112
154
2
83
69

818
557
261
13
237
11

H I
-

141
127
3

157
10
147
130
17

246
50
196
184
12

388
3C1
87
66
1

525
14
511
355
122

953
115
838
724
114

63
8
55
55

47
1

294
203

133
133

4C6
404

803
429

302
51

_

1
1

17
17

74
74

203
203

-

_

88
12
76
24
52

19
12

56
37
19
17
2

49
40
9

9

12
10
2

98
80
18
16

7
5
2

273
100
173
7

92
9
97

388
388
9
13
130
26
210

-

-

-

-

-

-

464
12
452
15
35
402

509
33
476
18
4
454

157
88
69
17
10
42

33
8
25
1
3
21

58
13
45
5
40

18
17
1

25
19
6

.

51

1

58

17

10
10

64
57
7

41
2
39

67
16
51

37
10
27

105
69
36

99
37
62

140
116
24

849
508
341

16
1

9

7

39

51

22
5

9
27

18

24

261
80

-

44

-

_

-

8

17

13

30

32

16

-

-

-

-

8

17

30

-

4

24

32
32

16
16

~

8

13

13
8
5

6

“

_

_

_

_

_

1

16

9

3
1

43
42

2
2

16
16

10

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

262 1473 3714 1666 1192
199 1350 3386 1553
10
63
123 328
113 1182
33
129
16
52 1182
3
107
55
27
91
96
6
11
1
~

16
16
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

“

-

2

22

55
34
21
21

190
4
186
127
32
27

57
6
51

42

289
1
288
63
24
201

-

-

-

-

-

22

58

17

“

22

25
32

3 .4 6
3 .1 7
3 .5 0
3 .5 2
3 .4 4

-

-

-

2 .9 7 2 .9 5 -

3 .3 6
3 .3 2

_

3 .1 2
3 .3 1

2 .5 5 3 .0 0 -

3 .3 4
3 .3 5

3 .2 1
3 .3 8
2 .8 7
3 .0 9
2 .7 5

3 .5 0
3 .5 3
2 .8 5
3 .0 3
2 .8 2

2 . 8 8 - 3 .5 6
3 . 2 8 - 3 .5 7
2 . 5 9 - 3 .0 9
2 . 8 4 - 3 .5 5
2 . 5 2 - 2 .8 9

3 .2 9
3 .3 1
3 .2 2
3 .2 9

3 .2 5
3 .4 1
3 .0 9
3 .1 9

3 .0 6 3 .1 C 2 .9 C 3 .0 2 -

-

3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 . 00 4 .2 0

370
56
314
14
134
46
120

-

583
24
559
1
47
8
503

-

3 .2 0 3 .4 0

4

23
23

81
81
39
16
26

62
62
20

—
-

3 .5 7
3 .5 6
3 .6 6
3 .6 9

13
13

12

-

_

29
12
17

?«PP

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

2

5

-

-

2

5

8
6
2

-

-

-

3

2

~

76
62
14
14

-

-

-

47
17
30
27
2

376
120
256
255
1

9
1

7

3

80

_
-

30
30

31
27

_

-

4
4
4

14

9
3
6

28
15
13

-

-

10

5

13

7
7

1

8
2
6
5

1
1

-

18

3

-

-

-

10

18

3

5

-

-

5

18

2

-

14
4

-

1

-

-

9
5

11
10
1

7
-

7

36
36
-

9

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

327
309
18
12
6

47
24
23
11
5

86
82
4
2

47
24
23
23

2

3
3

2
1
1

-

-

_
-

_
-

16
Ta b le A-5. Custodial and Material M ovem ent Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , D e t r o it , M ic h ., J a n u a ry 1968)
Hourly earnings1
2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Median3

Middle range3

and ,
und er1

1 ,2 7 8
405
1 07
249

$
3 .3 4
3 .1 7
3 .2 9
3 .0 8

$
3 .4 2
3 .2 2
3 .2 8
3 .0 2

$
3 .2 6 2 .9 7 3 .2 2 2 -9 1 -

fl RUCKDRI VERS 6 ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING — 5*-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------FINANCE5 -----------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

8 ,6 2 5
2 ,5 2 2
6 , 103
3 ,3 6 6
1 ,7 9 5
583
55
304

3 .5 0
3 .5 1
3 .5 0
3 .6 4
3 .3 8
3 .3 9
2 .3 0
3 .0 1

3 .6 1
3 .5 9
3 .6 6
3 .7 3
3 .5 1
3 .4 5
2 .2 2
3 .3 0

3 .3 2 - 3 .7 5
3 .4 1 - 3 .7 5
3 .3 0 - 3 .7 5
3 .5 C - 3 .7 7
3 .1 1 - 3 .6 4
3 . 3 9 - 3 .5 4
2 . 1 1 - 2 .5 3
2 . 5 9 - 3 .3 6

$
3 .4 8
3 .3 5
3 .3 8
3 .3 3 j

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNOER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------FINANCE5------------------------------------------------

585
90
495
59
55

2 .9 0
3 .2 7
2 .8 3
2 .4 2
2 .3 0

2 .8 7
3 .2 8
2 .8 4
2 .5 2
2 .2 2

2 .5 5 3 .2 0 2 .5 0 2 .0 6 2 .1 1 -

3 .3 7
3 .4 3
3 .1 9
2 .5 8
2 .5 3

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------

1 ,7 6 6
536
1 ,2 3 0
754

3 .4 7
3 .5 4
3 .4 4
3 .3 1

3 .5 5
3 .5 7
3 .5 3
3 .3 1

3 .2 6 3 .4 2 3 .2 0 3 .0 6 -

3 .7 4
3 .8 4
3 .7 2
3 .5 6

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------—
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

4 ,9 5 5
1 ,2 0 7
3 ,7 4 8
2 ,7 3 1
754
253

3 .6 0
3 .5 5
3 .6 1
3 .6 6
3 .5 0
3 .5 2

3 .7 2
3 .7 2
3 .7 3
3 .7 4
3 .5 8
3 .5 4

3 . 4 6 - 3 .7 6
3 .3 7 - 3 .7 6
3 .4 8 - 3 .7 7
3 .7 C - 3 .7 7
3 . 2 9 - 3 .7 5
3 .3 C - 3 .7 4

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) --------------NONMANUFACTURING — ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4----------------------------

1 01
81
35

3 .6 0
3 .6 9
3 .6 9

3 .6 9
3 .7 1
3 .7 4

3 .3 9 3 .6 4 3 .7 1 -

3 .7 5
3 .7 6
3 .7 7

TRUCKERS, POWER (FO R K LIF T ) ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

8 ,3 1 9
7 ,6 6 2
657
293
205

3 .2 6
3 .2 6
3 .3 5
3 .2 7
3 .3 0

3 .3 6
3 .3 6
3 .3 8
3 .3 4
3 .3 5

3 .1 6 3 .1 6 3 .1 8 3 .1 0 3 .1 2 -

3 .4 4
3 .4 4
3 .5 8
3 .5 2
3 .4 3

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) — -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

586
478

3 .3 3
3 .3 7

3 .3 3
3 .3 5

3 .2 2 3 .3 1 -

3 .3 8
3 .3 9

1
2
3
4
5
6

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

—

-

-

-

_

2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

%

2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0
—

” -

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

_

_

_

62
56

—

~

"

$
2 .7 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

38

19

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

66
16
50
2

-

-

30
4
26
1

-

-

19
3

10

-

38
2

50
14
36

59
42
17
1
11

90
1
89
5
65

-

-

10

2
34

S
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

-

2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

“

2

~

2
2

_

-

26
10

-

14
2

“

_

-

3
22

_

-

_

1

70
66

1 00
70
17
26

25
3
20,

1
4

38

17

10

32

24

50

3

20

38
26
10

17

10

32

24

3

20

-

-

-

-

14

10

2

3

50
25
3

225
225

~

~

_

_

-

-

243
213
30

775
96
679
474
139
66

492 3253
96
7 74
396 2479
119 2 13 8
181
249
88
92

123
24
99

-

-

“

“

~

~

“

“

“

~

16
2
14
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

_

65
-

65

_

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

“

_

_

_

_

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

_

_

-

-

”

“

-

_

_

_

~

_

_

_

-

“

_

_

-

-

24
24
-

_

1

_

-

-

-

“

~

_

_

205
205
-

“

_

65

-

-

28

_

_

3

_

-

-

-

-

~

“

-

-

_

503
16
487
125

2

-

-

368
180
188
170

-

-

7

305
56
249
182

18
14
4

-

20

226
13
213
206

-

-

40
9
31

127

63
2
61
60

_

2

-

18
4
14

-

21
15
6

2
-

-

33

92
7

-

-

5
1
4

_
-

-

-

-

1 14
1 14
~

_

1

376
359
17
16
1

18
17

~

338 1293
337 1142
151
1
88
61
1

15

57
67

23
6
6

1 08
20
88
-

33
6
27
4

5
5
-

2699 3109
2 51 7 2 947
182
162
91
98
78
64

373
313

_
_
-

-

“

_

-

_

“

-

-

-

~

_

-

348
249
99

-

-

-

-

1627 4 00 7
944
7 17
910 3063
1 19 2 5 1 9
447
4 31
324
106

“

_

-

5 13 1 4 9 4
236
242
277 1252
5
700
234
340
5
85

79
11

6

-

-

19
4

684
36
23
9

4

_

-

245
161
67
94

1

-

-

X

1

~

-

_

-

4 .2 0 .

-

-

-

“

4 .0 0

-

3 . 4 0 _3„.60 3 . a o

-

_

”

-

S
4 .0 0

-

-

12
12

143
9
134

66
108
33
75
8
67

$
3 .8 0

$
3 .6 0

-

_

2

164
24
1 40
1
1 08
5
6
20

$
3 .4 0

47
42
5
4

-

4
15

_

$
3 .2 0
—

~

54

-■

-

D ata li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A -JL
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




%

$
2 .2 0

17

*_

1 .4 0 ' 1 . 5 0

SHIPPIN G AND RECEIVING C L E R K S ---------NONMANUFACTURING--------- ----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------

(
1 .6 0

0!

Mean3

$
1 .5 0

(\i

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

L
of
workers

%
$
1 .3 0 ' 1 .4 0

N

36
36

70
70
29
1 48
8
140
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

92
7

_
_
_
_
-

.
-

-

-

-

5
5
-

-

45
45

-

_

_
_
_
_

17

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
'( D i s t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n u a r y 1 968)

Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e sa la ry 1

Other inexperienced clerical workers 2
Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

All
industries

All
schedules

A ll
industries

40

A ll
schedules

37 V2

40

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 ofAll
schedules

40

All
schedules

37 V
2

40

303

101

XXX

202

XXX

XXX

303

101

XXX

202

XXX

XXX

137

49

46

88

18

58

153

50

47

103

19

72

$ 55. 00 and under $ 5 7 .5 0 _________________________________
$ 5 7 .5 0 and under $ 6 0 .0 0 _________________________________
$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 .5 0 ___________________________
$ 62. 50 and under $ 65. 00------------------ ----- ------------- -----$ 65. 00 and under $ 67. 50----------------- - - ---------_ —
— _ __ __
$ 67. 50 and under $ 70. 00------$ 70. 00 and under $ 72. 50______
___ __ ___ _____ __
$ 72. 50 and under $ 75. 00--------------------------------------------------$ 75. 00 and under $ 77. 50 _____ ____________ _______
$ 77. 50 and under $ 80. 00 ______ ____________ __ __
$ 80. 00 and under $ 82. 50_________________________________
$ 82. 50 and under $ 8 5 .0 0 ____________________
$ 8 5 .0 0 and under $ 8 7 .5 0 _________________________________
$ 8 7 .5 0 and under $ 90. 00_________________________________
$ 9 0 . 00 and under $ 9 2 . 50______________
__
__ ______
$ 9 2 . 50 and under $ 95. 00___________________ _ _
_ ___
$ 95. 00 and under $ 97. 50______ ___
__ _________ __
$ 97. 50 and under $ 100. 00 __ ___________________ _______
$ 100. 00 and under $ 1 0 2 .5 0 _______________________________
$ 102. 50 and o v e r __________________________________________

2
3
7
10
9
19
13
13
13
4
10
4
8
4
2
2
9
2
3

_
1
1
1
2
3
3
9
2
3
6
1
6
3
1
-

_
1
1
1
2
3
3
9
2
3
4
1
6
3
1
-

_
1
1
5
4
4
8
3
8
1
2
3
1
1

5

5

5

1
1

1
-

4
5
5
11
18
24
16
13
9
5
14
5
3
3
4
1
2
9
2

_
1
1
5
4
4
8
3
10
1
2
3
1
1

5

2
2
6
9
7
16
10
4
11
1
4
3
2
1
1
2
4
1
2

_
1
3
5
1
3
2
1
1
1
-

1

-

4
4
5
10
13
20
12
5
9
2
4
4
1
3
1
1
4
1

1
3
1
6
1
4
2
1
-

3
2
5
5
10
14
8
7
1
4
3
3
1
1
4
* 1

Establishm ents having no specified m inim um _____________

68

23

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

88

28

XXX

60

XXX

XXX

98

29

XXX

69

XXX

XXX

62

23

XXX

39

XXX

XXX

Establishm ents studied_—

------------------

----------------

—

Establishm ents having a specified m inim um _______________

2
1
4
6
6
10
5
9
3
2
1
1
1
1
4
1
1

Establishm ents which did not employ workers

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in i m u m s t a r t in g (h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s.

18




T a b le B-2.

S h ift D iffe re n tia ls

(S h i ft d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
D e t r o it , M ic h ., J a n u a r y 1968)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

A c t u a lly w o r k in g o n —

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o rk

T o t a l ________________________________________________

9 9 .2

9 5 .3

2 7 .2

8 .1

W ith s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l __________________________

9 9 .2

9 5 .3

2 7 .2

8 .1

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) _______________________

3 4 .0

3 0 .8

8 .9

3 .2

U n der 7 ce n ts
_____________________________
7 o r 7V2 c e n t s ----------------------- ------------------------8 c e n t s ____ —
-------------------- ------------------------8 V2 , 9 , o r 9V2 c e n t s ----- ---------------- ----- _
10 c e n t s — __________ _________________________
11 c e n t s ___________ ____________________________
12 c e n t s .
_ __
_
_________ _ __ _
_
12 V2 o r 14 c e n t s ___________________
___ —
_____
_______________ — ---------15 c e n t s .
16 o r 2 0 c e n t s __________________________________
2 2 o r 2 3 c e n t s ______________ _______ - ------2 5 c e n t s _______________
____________ _______
O v e r 2 5 c e n t s ---------------- --------------------------------

2 .3
2 .2
7 .6
2 .0
9 .4
1 .6
1 .7
2 .9
1 .7

1 .3
.3
(2)
1.1
3 .3
.2
7 .7
1 .5
8 .0
2 .6
.9
3 .2
.7

.6
.5
2 .0
.5
2 .4
.4
.5
.7
.4
.8
-

6 3 .2

1 7 .8

-

2 .7
-

__________________________

6 4 .3

5 p e rce n t—
_________________ _____ _
_
7 p e r c e n t ________________________________________
7 V2 p e r c e n t . _________ __ __________________
8 V10 p e r c e n t ----------------------- ---------------------------10 p e r c e n t — __________ ____ __________ _
_

6 3 .0
1 .3

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e __

O th er fo r m a l p a y d iffe r e n t ia l.

_______________

.9

-

.4
1 .6
6 1 .2
1 .2

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

.2
(1 )
2
.2
.3
1 .2
.2
.5
.3
.1
(2)
.1
4 .9
-

1 7 .6
.2
“

(2)
.1
4 .8

.5

-

W it h n o s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ______________________

1 I n c l u d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
e v e n th o u g h th e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s t h a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

co v e rin g

la t e

s h ifts

19
T a b le B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly H o u rs
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n u a r y 1 968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s

A l l w o r k e r s _____

___________________

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 1
2

_________

U n d e r 35 h o u r s _______________________________________
35 h o u r s ____________________________________________ __
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s ___________________
3 7 xh h o u r s __________________________________ _________
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ____________________
4 0 h o u r s ___ __________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s ________________________
4 8 h o u r s _____________________________ ________________
O v e r 4 8 a n d u n d e r 54 h o u r s _______________________
54 h o u r s a n d o v e r ____________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

100

(5 )
(5)
1
1
(5)
90
1
2
1
3

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

O ffic e w o r k e r s
R e ta il
tra d e

100

100

100

100

100

-

-

94

-

-

1
1
_

4
5
_

91
1
2
1
3

-

5
1

-

1
_
93
3
3

-

-

96
4

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k l y h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




S e r v ic e s

(5 )
2
63
-

9
3
14

e x p e c t e d to w o r k ,

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

100

1
1
11
3
82
1
-

(5)

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

100

(* )
2
97
1

P u b l ic
u tilitie s 3

100

1
35

R e ta il
tra d e

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

100

100

-

-

_
14
_
82
4

F in a n c e 4

S e rv ice s

100

100

(5)
‘
6
22
15
56

-

4
5
91
1

-

-

-

-

_

(5)

2

-

-

-

(5)
61

w h e th e r th ey w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a ig h t -t im e

or

o v e r tim e

ra tes.

20
_
29
50
1
-

20
T a b le B-4. P aid H o lid a y s
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l i d a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n u a r y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
Item

A ll w o rk e r s

-----------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s --------------- _ _ _ ------- ----------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s ------------------------ __

A ll
in d u s t r i e s 1

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u tilitie s 2

100

1 00

100

99

1 00

1

"

(4)
(4)
14
1
2

_
( 4)
2
1
2

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s 2

R e t a il
tra d e

S e r v ic e s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

100

1 00

1 00

100

1 00

1 00

100

100

96

87

99

100

1 00

"

“

4

13

( 4)

“

-

_
7

_
34

1
2
48

4
1
67

_

_
( 4)
2
1
1

_
6

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n c e 3

100

100

1 00

100

100

1 00

100

99

-

-

( 4)

_
72
13

_
16
1

_
1
62
8
2

W h o le s a le
tra d e

S e rv ice s

N u m ber of days
4 h o l i d a y s --------------- ------------------ ---- — _ ----- 5 h o l i d a y s _____________ ___
___
__
___ _
6 h o l i d a y s _____
_ _ __________ ___ ___________ ___
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y __________________ _
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________ _ ___ __
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s ----------------------------------7 h o l id a y s
_______________ __ __________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________ ____________
8 h o l i d a y s ____________________________________________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ______________ ______ _
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------------------------------8 h o l id a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s --------------------------------------------9 h n liH ays
.
_
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ____ _______________
10 h o lid a y s _ _ _____________
__ _ -----------------11 h o l id a y s ___ _ ____________________ _____ _____
12 h o l i d a y s _______ _______ _____
_ _
_

1
25
3

18

2

(4)
5
4

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

( 4)
14
2
1
1
7
1
1
8
2
1

-

-

-

-

4

1

-

( 4)
20

-

-

-

-

-

(4)
4

-

-

47

11
4
12

43

-

-

-

-

-

( 4)
13

-

-

4

( 4)
1
8

(4)
1
7

D
(4)
-

-

(4)
2
( 4)
1
5
-

_
20

-

-

-

8
7
12

-

40
-

2
20
13

-

-

-

13

-

-

-

-

12
2

8
2
7
4
-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

3

-

-

-

-

35

-

2
42
1
16
2
2

-

18

-

19

17

-

-

-

-

-

-

61

-

-

( 4)

( 4)
"

(4)
~

17
-

-

-

(4)
42
1

-

-

“

“

( 4)

( 4)
■

-

“

■

“

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

17
17
20
20
39
42
66
66
100
100
100

-

( 4)
n
( 4)
( 4)
9
10
14
14
81
82
87

( 4)
69
69
88
88
94
94
98
98
99
100
100

-

_

(4)
1
43
43
64
66
75
76
84
86
98
99
99

_

-

-

35
35
39
39
52
59
80
80
100
100
100

_

-

-

( 4)
4

-

43

15

(4)

-

15

68

1
( 4)
4
-

T o t a l h o l id a y t im e 5
12 d a y s ___________________________ _________________
11 d a y s o r m o r e _________
_
___________
10 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------- ---------- ----- ------9V2 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------- ------------------ ________ _ - —
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _____________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ----- ----------------------------- - __ --------7V2 d a y s o r m o r e - _________ ____ _______________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e _______________ ___________ _______
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ------- — -------------------- __
6 days o r m o re
_________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------- ---------------------------4 days o r m o re

_

( 4)
43
43
58
59
68
68
83
84
98
98
99

( 4)
61
61
81
81
90
90
96
98
99
100
100

-

17
20
46
46
93
93
100
100
100

1
1
2
2
45
45
93
95
96

-

19
32
54
54
94
94
100
100
100

_
-

15
28
100
100
100

2
4
21
23
65
67
79
83
83
84
100
100
100

.
_

4
4
5
5
17
19
29
36
98
99
99

______________ 1
1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
n o h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s an d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu l l d a y s an d 4 h a lf d a y s , an d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la te d .




r e c e iv in g

a to ta l o f 9 da y s

in c l u d e s t h o s e w it h 9 f u l l d a y s

and

21
T a b le B-5. P aid V a c a tio n s 1
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n u a r y 1 96 8)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s __________________

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 2

-

____ ___

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

S e r v ic e s

AH
in d u s tr ie s

100

100

100

1 00

1 00

100

99
92
8

100
90
10

100
1 00
-

1 00
97
3

1 00
97
3

95
92
3

99
99
( 5)

( 5)

-

-

-

-

5

( 5)

7
22
2

9
21
1

_
42
-

3
22
-

6
27
4

6
7

-

-

-

-

-

2
54
25
2

( 5)
68
8
23

_

_

67
7
24

71
_
29
_
-

68
18
14
_
-

1 00

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 4

S e rv ice s

1 00

100

1 00

1 00

100

1 00

100
99
( 5)

1 00
100
-

1 00
99
1

1 00
1 00
_

100
100
_

99
99
_

"

-

-

2
51
38
1

_

48
-

4
19
34

2
33
17

-

-

-

( 5)

5
42
8
17

61
_

29
_
71
_
_

48
12
40
_

1

21

39
_
_

( 5)
99

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
_
94

6
_
94

_

_

96

100

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

99
1

72
26

M eth od o f pa y m en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s _________ _______________________ _
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _______________________
P e rce n ta g e paym ent
—
____ — __________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________

(5)

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------------------------------- _
1 w e e k — -------------------------- ----- -------- -------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __ ____ ___ ___
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

(5)

2
85
5

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------- _____ _ ---------- -------1 w e e k - __________________________
_ _ _ ____
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
______ __ __ ____
2 w e e k s _________ _________ _
____
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s — _
_ ___ ____ _ __
3 w e e k s _____________
_______________
_
_ _____
4 w e e k s ----_
_
----- _
_________

_

_

1
76
7
11

1

(5)
1

67
_
33
_
-

(5)

(5)

-

-

-

59
7
32
1
1

34
65

47
_
53

27
_
73

_

_

_

47
3
40
5

_

_

_

(5)

(5)

(5)

-

-

-

2
36
45
16
1

2
49
25
22
1

_
_

99

10
15
75

99

_

-

_

11
9
69
6

1

-

1

(5)

(5)

-

-

-

1
35
46
16
1

1
49
26
22
1

.

-

52
5
41
1
1

_

(5)

(5)

14
1
S5

(5)
(5)

4
( 5)
96
_

(5)

76
3
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----- —
_
-------- — _ ---------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________ ___ __________
2 w eeks —
___ _
_ _____ _
_
_______
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
_
__
_
3 w e e k s _— ___________________ ___ _
_
_
_
_
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

2

1

(5)

(5)

97

(5)
(5)

98
_

1

_

-

-

4

_

_

7
90
3

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek— - _____ _______
__ ___
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __
__
_
2 w e e k s ----— ___
__
_
______
_ ___
O ve r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------- -------------------------4 w e e k s -----------------------_
___ _ _

_
-

(5)
C
5)

4

(5)

-

60
28
12

33
46
21

-

-

(5)
(5)

(5>

_

_

62
29
5

99

-

6
11
72
6

_

99
_

(5)

(5
")

-

2

'

_

(5
}

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v (»r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s
_
_ _
_ _
_ _ _____ _
2 w e e k s -------- —
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w e e k s _____
_______ _ ____
_ ____ _
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _
_
_________
__ __
4 w e e k s — ----------- ----- ---------- ----

See footnotes at end of table




(5)
(5)

(5)

(5)

_
-

99

7
15
77

_
_

99

-

-

_

1

_

_

_

1

_

_

60
28
12

32
47
21

_

_

4
_

_

99

62
29
5

_

(5)

_

_
99

(5
")

1
_

99
1
_

(5)
72
26

(5)

22
T a b le B-5.

P aid V a c a tio n s 1 C on tin u ed
—

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n u a r y 1968)

Plant w o r k e r s
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 2

M anu­
fa ctu rin g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

O ffic e w o r k e r s
R e ta il
tra d e

S e r v ic e s

A ll
in d u strie s

M anu­
fa ctu rin g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 4

S e r v ic e s

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 6— C ontinued

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s
--------- ----2 w eeks __
_ _ —
_
----------- —
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____ _
—
3 w eek s _ __ __ __ —
----------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w eek s _
_
________
— ------------- - -

( 5)
67
10
22

0

_
64^
12
23

(5)
1

( S)
1

_
99
_
1
-

_
77
4
19
-

_
62
3
35
-

_
50
3
47
( 5)

_
23
3
73
1

_
99
-

( 5)
7
38
35
15
6

_
2
53
23
21
2

_
1
_
99
-

_
18
19
51
_
11

_
9
64
2
26

1
54
2
32
5
"

_
7
2
50
27
15

(5)
5
37
36
16
5
(5)

_
1
52
24
21
1
(5)

_
98
2
-

_
9
19
57
8
7

_
9
63
2
27
-

1
37
2
49
5
-

(5)
3
2
64
4
26
(5)
(5)

_
3
65
5
26
( 5)
(5)

_
73
27
-

_
6
_
58
2
35
-

1
30
5
52
5
(5)
-

-

_
3
68
22
7

(5)
2
2
49
4
41
1
1
(5)

_
2
60
4
31
1
1
( 5)

_
1
99
_

_
3
44
_
42
1
10

_
6
_
17
2
75

1
22
2
58
5
6

-

-

_

-

(5)
1
83
7
3
-

-

_
50
50
"

_
64
1
35
-

_
91
3
6
“

_
48
13
39
-

_
5
3
22
47
23

_
2
98
-

_
24
31
29
15

_
6
73
21

_
7
92
1
-

_
15
3
69
13
( 5)

_
5
1
51
28
15
(5)

_
3
2
24
47
23
"

_
2
98
-

_
16
40
29
14
1

_
5
69
26
-

_
5
91
4
-

12
3
72
13
( 5)

_
3
(5)
48
1
47
(5)
(5)

_
2
( 5)
22
(5)
76
-

2
89
9
_

_
5
55
_
41
-

_
2
_
92
5
1
_

( 5)

-

_
5
46
48
1

_
3
(5)
26
68
1
2
(5)

_
2
(5)
12
_
82
2
2
(5)

_
2
2
96

_
4
28
58
1
9

_
5
25
70

( 5)

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w eeks — ~ t _ . .
- i
_____ ...,______. .
—
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------- —
3 w eeks
, _ ,
----O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s ____________________________________________

-

-

_

-

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s .. -----------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________ _________ __ __ __ _
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------- — --------------O ver 4 and under 5 w e e k s ----------------------------------5 w eeks ----- _ — _____ ._
---------------- —

"

_
11
3
64
_
13
9

-

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w eeks __ _ _______________ __________________
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s - ----------------- ----_
_____
_ _
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s . ______ __ -------------4 w eek s __________ ___________ __ __________ ____ __
O ver 4 and under 5 w e e k s _________________ ______
5 w eek s __ ..
___■ ■,„
■,
,
I
L
,
__

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




-

-

-

-

_
2
_
69
_
29
_

_
9
3
51
_
29
9
_

23
T a b le B-5. P a id V a c a tio n s 1
—

C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n u a r y 1 96 8)

P lant w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 1
2

M anu­
factu rin g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
trad e

S e r v ic e s

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M anu­
fa c tu rin g

P u b lic
u t ilitie s 3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n ce 4

S e r v ic e s

A m ount o f v a c a t io n p a y 6---- C on tinued
A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
O v e r 1 and und er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s __
_ ____ _ __ _____
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s _
------- _ _ ___
3 w eek s , ___
_
____
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
4 w eeks
, _
____ „
O v e r 4 anrl imrier R w e e k s
______
5 w eeks
_____
____ __ __
______
6 w e e k s _____________ _
_ _______
O v e r 6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------

_
_
1
_
92
7
-

_
3
44
_
42
1
3
7
-

_
6
11
2
81
(5)

-

-

_
6
_
11
2
81
( 5)

1
22
2
58
5
7
_

-

_
3
44
_
42
1
3
7
-

_
1
74
24
_

3
_
44
_
42
1
3
7

(5)
2
2
45
3
44
1
2
1
(5)

2
54
3
35
2
2
(5)
(5)

(5)
2
2
45
3
43
1
3
1
( 5)

_
2
54
3
35
2
2
(5)
(5)

_
1
_
74
_
24
_

(5)
2
2
45
3
43
1
3
1
( 5)

.
2
54
3
35
2
2
( 5)
( 5)

-

-

1
22
2
58
5
7
(5)

_
3
(5)
16
_
75
2
4
(5)

_
2
( 5)
10
_
83
2
3
( 5)

2
_
2
_
85
_
10
_
-

4
_
26
_
60
1
8
1
-

5

2

7
_
88
1
_
_

34
_
61
2
_

-

-

-

5
_
7
_
88
1

2
_
27
_

9
3
38

69
1

35
9
6

_

9
3
38
35
9
6

A ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ______ _______________
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s
_
____
__ _
_ _
3 w p fik s .
O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s __
4 w eeks
— -------------- ----- -----------_ __
___
O v e r 4 and u nd er 5 w e e k s
_
5 w e e k s ------ ---------— _ _
_ __
6 w e e k s _ __ ___
__ ____
_
_________ __
O v e r 6 w eek s
_________ __ ___
____ __

_
-

(5)
-

_
3
(5)
15
_
75
2
5
1
-

_
2
( 5)
10
_
83
2
3
1

_
2
_
2
_
66
_
30
_
-

4
_
26
_
60
1
8
1
-

2
_
2
_
66
_
30
_

4
_
26
_
60
1
8
1

_

_

-

-

-

5

2
_
27
_

9
3
38

88
1
_
_

69
1

_

35
9
6

“

1

■

M a x im u m v a c a tio n a v a ila b le
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s - ------ -----—
- —
_
__
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ___ _ _
3 w eeks
_ _____ ___
_
____ ___
_ __
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______ _ _
4 w e e k s _ ----- _ __ -------- ------- -------- __ _____
O v e r 4 and under 5 w e e k s
__ __ __ __ __
5 w eeks
------------- _
_ ____ ___ ___
6 w eek s -------------------------------- -------- __ -------O v e r 6 w eelcs

_

_
6
_
11
2
81
(5)
_

1
22
2
58
5
7
( 5)

_
3
(5)
15
_
75
2
5
1
(5)

_
2
(5)
10
83
2
3
1

'

7
_

_

'

1 In clu d es b a s ic plans on ly. E x clu d e s plans such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and th ose plan s w h ich o f fe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b ey on d b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s w ith qualifying lengths
o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f su ch e x c lu s io n s are plans in the s t e e l, alum in um , and can in d u s tr ie s .
2 I n clu d e s data fo r r e a l e s ta te in addition to th ose industry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
6 In clu d es p a ym en t o th e r than "le n g th o f t im e , " such as p e rce n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, c o n v e r te d to an e q u iv a len t tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e c h o s e n a r b it r a r ily and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e fl e c t the in divid u al p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n . F o r ex a m p le , the
ch an ges in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e changes in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e cu m u la tiv e. T h u s, the p r o p o r t io n e lig ib le fo r 3 w e e k s ' pay
o r m o r e a fte r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e e lig ib le fo r 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fter fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




T a b le B-6. H e a lth , Insurance, and P ension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s em p lo ye d in e sta b lish m en ts p r o v id in g
health , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n b e n e fits , 1 D e tr o it, M ic h ., Jan uary 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P lan t w o r k e r s
Type o f b e n e fit

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________;____

M anu­
A ll
in d u s tr ie s 1 fa ctu rin g
2

100

P u b lic
u t ilitie s 3

W h o le sa le
tra d e

100

100

100

98

99

100

86

70

74

54

64

R e ta il
trad e

100

S e r v ic e s

A ll
in d u stries

M anu­
factu rin g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

100

W h o le s a le
tra d e

100

100

100

100

99

73

98

99

98

92

62

66

70

77

43

53

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n ce 4

S e r v ic e s

100

100

96

98

96

66

69

73

90

82

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
L ife in su ra n ce
A c c id e n t death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e _____________________________________
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r
s ic k lea v e o r both 5_________________________
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e _________
Sick lea v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )__________ _______________
Sick lea v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d )________________ _ ---------H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ____________________
S u rg ica l in s u r a n c e ____________________________
M ed ica l in s u r a n c e _________________________ __
C a ta stroph e in s u r a n c e ________________________
R e tir e m e n t pen sion ___________________________
No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n pla n _____

96

98

85

84

99

76

91

96

85

84

84

86

98

26

66

68

68

65

93

9

61

51

26

57

9

4

32

27

21

10

71

88

46

69

34

58

54

7

( 6)

30

4

31

4

100
100
95
77
86

97
97
65
65
79

99
99
81
54
85

84
84
60
15
26
13

99
99
89
21
90
1

99
99
93
8
97

11
99
99
95
86
90
(6)

1

36

7

29

22

( 6)

99
99
98
90
96

98
98
95
85
79

96
96
80
81
72
2

98
98
89
69
78
1

98
98
92
84
95
(6)

96
96
88
68
57
1

1 Inclu des those plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t th ose le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y ,
and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 Inclu des data fo r r e a l esta te in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
5 U nduplicated |total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e plans are lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin it e ly e s t a b lis h
at le a s t the
m in im u m n um ber o f days pay that ca n be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an individ ual b a s is a re e x c lu d e d .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing jo b descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping o f occupational wage rates representing comparable jo b content.
Because o f this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability o f occupational content, the Bureau’ s jo b descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these jo b descriptions, the Bureaus field economists are instructed to exclude woxking supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter.
May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type o f m achine, as follows:

columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.

Biller, machine (billin g m achine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc.
Usually involves application o f pre­
determ ined discounts and shipping charges, and entry o f necessary
extensions, which m ay or may not be computed on the billing ma­
ch in e, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number o f carbon copies o f the
b ill bein g prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the
structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each
phase o f the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers* accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, m achine (bookkeeping m achine). Uses a bookkeeping
m achine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
m ay or m ay not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers* bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers* ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collectin g data for duplicatingm achine operators and elevator operators.

25

26
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections o f a com plete set
o f books or records relating to one phase o f an establishments busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This jo b does not
require a knowledge o f accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in office s in which the more routine accounting woik is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filin g system containing a number
o f varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc.
May
also file this material.
May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group o f lower lev el file
clexks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial.
May perform related cle rica l tasks required to maintain
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bination o f the follow ing:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file o f orders received , and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages o f company em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers* earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calcu lated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker*s nam e, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out p aychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which m ay involve frequent use o f a Com p­
tom eter but, in which, use of this m achine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class C. Performs routine filin g o f material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




Class A .
Operates a num erical and/or alphabetical or com bina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards.
Performs same tasks as lower
le v e l keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

27

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
of coding skills and the making o f some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
inform ation on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a num erical and/or alphabetical or com bination
keypunch m achine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c . , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffic e machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor cle rica l work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the d ay-to-d ay work
activities o f the supervisor. Worics fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerica l and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing; (a ) R eceives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incom ing m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisors files; (c ) maintains the
supervisors calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’ s signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerica l and secretarial tasks o f c o m ­
parable nature and difficu lty. The woik typically requires knowledge o f
o ffice routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary” possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the ’’ personal”
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as o ffice assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial woik.
NOTE: The term ’’ corporate o fficer,” used in the lev el definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
’’v ice president,” though normally indicative o f this role, does n o tin all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerica l staff) are not considered to be ’’ corporate
officers” for purposes o f applying the follow ing level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president of a
com pany that employs, in a ll, over 100 but few er than 5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate office r (other than the chairman of
the board or president) o f a com pany that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
few er than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer lev el) o f a m ajor segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in a ll, over 25 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that em ploys, in all, few er than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5, (XX) persons; or

28
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

S T E N O G R A P H E R , G E N E R A L — C o n tin u e d

c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the o ffice r le v e l)
over either a m ajor corporate-w ide functional activity ( e .g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e t c .) or a m ajor geographic or
organizational segment ( e . g . , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerica l tasks.
May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent le v e l o f o fficia l) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5 ,0 0 0
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in leg a l briefs or reports on scien tific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy.
May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e . g . , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as eviden ced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
by the following: Woik requires high degree o f stenographic speed and
that em ploys, in all, over 2 5 ,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and
Class C
o ffic e procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations, organization,
p olicies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerica l tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the sp ecific le v e l situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e t c . ; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.
Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this lev el
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent lev el o f o fficia l) that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational
unit ( e . g . , few er than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative o fficer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this le v e l o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine v o ­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from writ­
ten copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles com p lex calls, such as
conference, co lle ct, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing
routine woik as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll­
tim e assignment. ( ’’Full" telephone inform ation service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e .g ., because o f overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for c a lls .)
Class B. Operates a sin gle- or m ultiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited
telephone information service. ("L im ited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g*> giving extension numbers when sp ecific names are furnished, or if
com plex calls are referred to another op erator.)

29

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

In addition to performing duties o f operator on a single-position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine cle rica l work as part o f regular duties.
This typing or
cle rica l work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

some filing work.
The work typically involves portions o f a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MA CHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typ ica lly including such machines as the tabulator,
calcu lator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typ ically involve a variety o f long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typ ically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences o f long and com plex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabula ting-machine operations and d ay-to-day
supervision o f the work and production of a group o f tabulatingmachine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance o f some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but small
tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually o f a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation o f the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with
sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filin g records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c . , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing.
May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

30
PROFESSIONAL AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation o f com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents- Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the e ffe ct o f
each change on the details o f form , function, and positional relation­
ships o f components and parts. Works with a minimum o f supervisory
assistance. C om pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con ­
sistency with prior engineering determinations.
May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com p lex drafting assignments
that require the application o f most of the standardized drawing tech ­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings o f subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction o f a building including
detail drawings o f foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities o f materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Com pleted work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C.
Prepares detail drawings o f single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes.
Types
o f drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
o f components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number o f sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods o f approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less com plete when assignments recur.
Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily consisting o f straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close d elin ea tion .)
an d/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings o f easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m ed i­
ca l direction to ill or injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f em ployees’ injuries; keeping
records o f patients treated; preparing acciden t reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
o f applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation o f plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
o f all personnel.

MAINTENANCE AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
o f w ood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the fo llo w in g Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety o f carpenter’ s hand tools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions o f work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work.
In general, the work o f the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




31

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E

H E L P E R , M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S — C o n tin u e d

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment.
Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any o f a variety o f
electrica l equipm ent such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con ­
trollers, circu it breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety o f
e le ctricia n s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work o f the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation o f
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and b oiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record o f operation
o f m achinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations.
Head or ch ief engineers in establishments em ploying
more than one engineer are excluded.

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m ech an ical stoker, or gas or o il burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, o il, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies.
Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m ach in e-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs o f
metal parts o f m echanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f machinists
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working properties o f the
com m on metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into m echanical
equipment. In general, the m achinists woik normally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

32
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use o f such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the veh icle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with o il or grease, the m oving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f m echanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs or for the pro­
duction o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work o f
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the millwright*s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow ing; Knowledge of surface p ecu li­
arities and types o f paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency.
In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position o f pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxy acetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size o f pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work o f the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are exclu d ed .

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Woik involves: Knowledge o f sanitary codes regarding installation o f vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum ber's snake. In general,
the woik o f the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

33

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an establish­
ment. Woxk involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out all
types o f sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types o f sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety o f handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(D ie maker; jig

maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most o f the follow ing: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety o f tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties o f com m on metals
and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions o f work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal parts during
fabrication as w ell as o f finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling o f parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work in -

CUSTODIAL AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard.
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatem en who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

W atchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises o f an o ffice , apartment house, or com m erical
or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing:
Sweeping, m opping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

34
O R D E R , F IL L E R

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers1
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to fillin g orders and in­
dicating items fille d or om itted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the type o f con ­
tainer em ployed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f the following:
Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify content; selection
o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means o f transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file o f shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
R eceivin g work involves; Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness o f shipments against bills o f
lading, in voices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers* houses or places o f business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-th e-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (Tra^^or-trailer should be rated on the
basis o f trailer ca p a city .)
Trackdriver (com bination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V 2 tons)
Trackdriver, medium ( 1 V 2 to and including 4 tons)
Trackdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Trackdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-p ow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Tracker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a ila b le O n R eq u es t----T he eighth annual re p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r a ccou n ta n ts, a u d ito rs,
a tto rn e y s, c h e m is ts , e n g in e e r s , e n g in eerin g te ch n icia n s, d ra ftsm e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly sts, d ir e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, m a n a g e rs o f o ffic e
s e r v ic e s , b u y e r s , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s .
O r d e r as BL.S B ulletin 1585, N ational Su rvey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d ­
m in is tr a tiv e , T e ch n ica l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1967”
F ifty cen ts
a cop y.




Area W age Surveys
A lis t o f the la test available bulletins is presented below . A d ir e c to r y indicating dates of e a r lie r studies, and the p r ic e s o f the bulletins is
available on req u est. B ulletins m ay be purchased from the Superintendent of D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overnm ent Printing O ffice , W ashington, D .C ., 20402,
or fr o m any o f the BLS reg ion a l sales o ffic e s shown on the in side front c o v e r .
A rea

Bulletin num ber
and p r ic e

A kron, Ohio, Ju ly 1 967 1_______________________________
Albany—
Schenectady^-Troy, N .Y ., A pr. 1967 __________
A lbuquerque, N. M e x ., A pr. 1967_____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem —E aston, P a.— .J .,
N
F eb. 1967______________________________________________
Atlanta, G a ., May 1967 ________________________________
B a ltim ore, M d ., O ct. 1967____________________________
Beaum ont— o rt A rthur— ra n ge, T ex ., May 1967 ____
P
O
B irm ingh am , A la ., A p r. 1967 1________________________
B oise C ity, Idaho, July 1967___________________________
B oston , M a ss ., Sept. 1967 1____________________________

1530-86,
1530-62,
1530-60,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1530-53,
1530-71,
1575-18,
1530-74,
1530-63,
1575-3,
1575-13,

25
25
25
20
30
20
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u ffalo, N .Y ., D ec. 1967 _______________________________
B urlington, V t ., M ar. 1967 1 ___________________________
Canton, O hio, A p r. 19 67_______________________________
C h a rleston , W. V a ., A p r. 19 67________________________
C h arlotte, N .C ., A pr. 19 67____________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.— a ., Aug. 1967-----------------------------G
C h icago, 111., A pr. 1967 1 _______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y.— d ., M ar. 1967_______ _________
K
In
C leveland , O hio, Sept. 1967____________________________
C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1967____________________________
D allas, T e x ., Nov. 1967________________________________

1575-41,
1530-52,
1530-58,
1530-61,
1530-64,
1575-7,
1530-73,
1530-56,
1575-14,
1575-23,
1575-20,

30
25
20
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25

D avenport— ock Island— olin e, Iowa—
R
M
111.,
O ct. 1967_______________________________________________
D ayton, O hio, Jan. 1968 1 _______________________________
D en v er, C o lo ., D ec. 1967 1_______________________ _____
D es M oin es, Iowa, F eb. 1967---------------------------------------D etroit, M ich ., Jan. 19681 _____________________________
F ort W orth, T e x ., N ov. 1967___________________________
G reen Bay, W is ., July 1967____________________________
G re e n v ille , S .C ., May 1967-----------------------------------------H ouston, T e x ., June 19 67______________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., D ec. 1967 1---------------------------------------

1575-12,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1530-44,
1575-45,
1575-22,
1575-5,
1530-66,
1530-85,
1575-36,

Jackson, M is s ., F eb. 1968 1 ___________________________ 1575-49,
J a ck son v ille, F la ., Jan. 1968_______________________ <
— 1575-33,
Kansas C ity, M o.— a n s., Nov. 1 967 1__________________ 1575-30,
K
L aw rence— a verh ill, M a ss.— .H ., June 1967 ------------- 1530-77,
H
N
L ittle R ock— orth L ittle R ock , A rk ., July 1967---------- 1575-2,
N
L os A n geles—Long B each and Anaheim—
Santa A n aG arden G ro v e , C a lif., M ar. 1967 1 __________________ 1530-65,
L o u isv ille , Ky.—
Ind., F eb. 1967 1 _____________________ 1530-49,
Lubbock, T e x ., June 19 67________________________-____ 1530-75,
M an ch ester, N .H ., July 1967__________________________ 1575-1,
M em phis, Tenn.— r k ., Jan. 1 968 1_____________________ 1575-32,
A
M iam i, F la ., D e c. 1 967 1_______ _______________________ 1575-28,
Midland and O d essa , T e x ., June 1967 -------------------------- 1530-78,

Bulletin number
and p rice

M ilw au kee, W is ., A pr. 1967 1___________________________
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., J an. 1967 1______________
M uskegon— uskegon H eights, M ich ., May 1967_______
M
Newark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J., F eb. 1967______________
New Haven, C on n ., Jan. 19681__________________________
New O rle a n s, L a ., F eb. 1967 1 _________________________
New Y ork , N .Y ., A pr. 1967 1_______ ____________________
N orfolk— ortsm outh and N ew port News—
P
Hampton, V a ., June 1967 1____________________________
Oklahom a C ity, O k la ., July 1967_______________________

1530-76,
1530-42,
1530-72,
1530-55,
1575-34,
1530-51,
1530-83,

30
30
20
25
25
30
40

1530-82,
1575-4,

25 cents
20 cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Omaha, N eb r.—
Iowa, O ct. 1 967 1________________________
P ater son— lifton —
C
Pas s a ic , N .J., May 1967 ____________
Philadelphia, P a.— .J., Nov. 1967 1____________________
N
Phoenix, A r i z . , M ar. 1967_____________________________
P ittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1967 1____________________________
P ortland, M aine, Nov. 1 967 1___________________________
P ortland, Or eg.— a sh ., May 1967 ________ _____________
W
P rov id en ce—
Pawtucket— arw ick, R .I.— a s s .,
W
M
May 1967 1 ____________________ _____________ _____________
R aleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1 967 1_____________________________
R ichm ond, V a., Nov. 1967 1_____________________________
R ock ford , 111., May 1967________________________________

1575-21,
1530-67,
1575-40,
1530-59,
1530-46,
1575-16,
1530-79,

25
25
30
20
30
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-70,
1575-6,
1575-27,
1530-68,

30
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

25
30
25
25
35
25
20
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

St. L ou is, M o.—
111., Jan. 1968 __________________________
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, D ec. 1967________________________
San Antonio, T e x ., June 1967 1 _________________________
San B ernardino— iv e rsid e — ntario, C a lif.,
R
O
Aug. 1967 1______________________________________________
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 1967____________________________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1968______________
San J o s e , C a lif., Sept. 1 967 1___________________________
Savannah, G a., May 1967_______________________________
Scranton, P a ., July 1967 1______________________________
Seattle— verett, W ash., Nov. 1967 1____________________
E

1575-39,
1575-35,
1530-84,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1575-10,
1575-19,
1575-37,
1575-15,
1530-69,
1575-9,
1575-29,

30
20
25
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

30
20
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

30
30
20
20
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D a k ., Oct. 1 967 1________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1967____________________________
Spokane, W ash., June 1967 1 ___________________ ________
Tampa—
St. P e te rsb u rg , F la ., Aug. 1967______________
T oled o, Ohio— ich ., F eb. 1968 ________________________
M
Trenton, N .J ., Nov. 1967_______________________________
W ashington, D .C .—
Md.— a ., Sept. 1967________________
V
W aterbury, C onn., M ar. 1967__________ _______________
W a terloo, Iowa, Nov. 1967______________________________
W ichita, K ans., D ec. 1967_____________ _________________
W o r ce s te r , M a ss., June 1967__________________________
Y ork , P a ., F eb. 19 681----------------------------------------------------Youngstown— arren , O hio, Nov. 1967 1________________
W

1575-17,
1530-57,
1530-80,
1575-8,
1575-43,
1575-24,
1575-11,
1530-54,
1575-26,
1575-31,
1530-81,
1575-42,
157 5-25,

25
20
25
25
30
20
25
20
20
20
25
30
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102