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LS,.3C. 'SO/  Area Wage Survey  Detroit, Michigan, Metropolitan Area  ^Mar@tr1981 ftpri \  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3010-12   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Lapeer St. Clair  Macomb  Oakland Livingston  Detroit  Wayne  u^vers,;t.  $OUP>! 3:  Preface This bulletin provides results of an April 1981 survey of occupational earnings in the Detroit, Mich., Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau’s regional office in Chicago, 111., under the general direction of Lois L. Orr, Assistant Regional Commis­ sioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received. Unless specifically identified as copyright, material in this publication is in the public domain and may, with appropriate credit, be reproduced without permission. Note:  Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the Detroit area are available for the banking (February 1980) and savings and loan associations (February 1980) industries. Occupational earnings and supplemen­ tary wage provisions for municipal government workers are available for the city of Detroit. Also available are listings of union wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau's regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. U S. Government Printing Of­ fice. Washington, D C, 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover Price $2.75. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents, G.P.O   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Area Wage Survey U.S. Department of Labor Raymond J. Donovan, Secretary Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner June I98I Bulletin 3010-12   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Detroit, Michigan, Metropolitan Area -March 1981 f)fY\ \  Contents Page  Introduction.........................................................................  2  Tables: Earnings, all establishments: A- 1. Weekly earnings of office workers................... A- 2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers............................ A- 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex............................................................ A- 4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers................................. A- 5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers.......................................... A- 6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex....................... A- 7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups................. A- 8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired off ice clerical occupations................. A- 9. Pay relationships in establishments with paired professional and technical occupations................................................... A-10. Pay relationships In establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations ..............................  Page  Tables—Continued A-11.  3 5  7 9 10  12 13 13  14  15  Pay relationships in establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations............... ..................................  Earnings in establishments employing 500 workers or more: A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers................... A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers.......................................... A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex............................................................ A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers................................ A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers ...................... A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex............................................................  15  16 18  20 21 22  23  Appendixes: A. Scope and method of survey.................................... 25 B. Occupational descriptions........................................ 28 C. Job conversion table............................... 39  Introduction  This area is 1 of 71 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, earnings data for selected occupations (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is obtained every third year. This report has no B-series tables. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary reports are issued. The first brings together data for each metropoli­ tan area surveyed; the second presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­ ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of  Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are designated numerically instead of alphabetically. A job conversion list is provided in appendix C. Table A-7 provides indexes and percent changes in average hourly earnings for office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers. Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage trends after elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among establish­ ments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A. Tables A-8 through A-l 1 provide measures of pay relationships in establish­ ments. These measures may differ considerably from the pay relationships of overall area averages published in tables A-l through A-6. See appendix A for details.  1965.  Appendixes  A-series tables  Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides information on the scope of the area survey, the  Tables A-l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Where possible, occupations with related duties (e.g., accounting clerks and payroll clerks) are clustered to facilitate compari­ son. The occupations are defined in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey areas, tables A-12 through A-17 provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  area’s industrial composition in manufacturing, and labor-management agree­ ment coverage. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field representatives to classify workers by occupation. Appendix C is an alphabetic to numeric conversion list for all multilevel jobs in the survey.  Table A-t. Weekly earnings of office workers in Detroit, Mich., April 1981  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range*  Manufacturing........................... Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities....  8,936 4,762 4,174 790  39 5 40.0 38.5 39.0  418.50 324.00 370.50  417.50 308.00 369.50  369.50- 474.00 252.00- 392.50 348.50- 412.00  Secretaries 1................................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  344 318  39.0 39.0  248.50 237.50  236.00 231.00  211.00- 270.00 202.50- 260.00  Secretaries II................................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,007 1,322  39.5 39.0  330.50 317.50  345.00 268.50- 376.00 318.00 256.50- 366.50  3,798 2^357  39 5 40.0 38.5 39.5  410.00 316.00 370.50  414.00 291.00 370.50  1.441 48  377.50- 465.00 241.50- 403.50 346.00- 392.50  Secretaries IV.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  1,948 1,161 787  39.0 40.0 38.0  422.50 455.00 374.50  432.50 476.50 382.00  348.00- 505.50 403.50- 511.50 300.00- 455.50  Secretaries V............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  648 388 260 56  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.5  424.00 474.00 349.50 421.00  405.00 469.50 330.00 391.50  330.00386.00284.00344.00-  Stenographers................................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,451 878 229  39.0 38.0 40.0  340.00 336.00 372.00  351.00 289.00- 411.00 373.50 243.50- 415.50 394.50 336.00- 411.00  Stenographers 1........................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  446 116 330 145  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  291.50 307.00 286.00 371.50  279.50 307.00 245.00 396.50  218.00279.50207.00330.00-  528.50 575.00 401.00 491.00  382.00 332.00 394.00 411.00  Stenographers II.......................... Nonmanufacturing.....................  1,005 548  38.5 37.0  361.50 366.00  369.00 415.50  329.00- 415.50 314.00- 417.50  Transcribing-machine typists.......... Nonmanufacturing......................  265 235  39.0 39.0  232.00 220.00  215.00 211.00  193.50- 259.50 187.50- 256.00  Typists............................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,687 318 2,369 170  38.5 39.5 38.5 39.5  224.50 321.50 211.50 318.00  195.00 325.00 188.50 310.50  171.50276.00169.50286.00-  Typists 1........................................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  1,895 145 1,750  38.5 39.5 38.5  237.00 359.50 220.00 387.50  194.00 284.50 186.50  184.00 276.00 182.00  165.50- 206.50 232.50- 328.50 163.50- 200.00  Typists II....................................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  738 565 130  38.5 38.0 39.0  305.50 291.00 327.00  314.50 262.00 318.50  208.50- 406.50 200.00- 406.50 287.50- 395.00  File clerks......................................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,057 1,009 35  39.5 39.5 39.5  174.00 166.50 235.00  165.00 164.50 189.00  120 and under 140  _ _  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  500  540  580  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  500  540  580  620  17  -  -  _  17 17  _  _  _ _  _ -  15  3 75  7 367 24  367 42 325 26  504 84 420 6  487 123 364 10  474 109 365 17  415 127 288 25  447 199 248 45  672 355 317 197  573 357 216 140  656 486 170 81  718 558 160 58  723 414 309 79  7 7  19 19  67 67  73 73  47 45  39 39  17 17  24 24  4 4  2 2  _  24  _  -  -  -  2 2  -  9 9  107 105  113 100  180 134  153 120  165 120  106 82  135 85  336 215  246 118  97 34  108 44  8  35 2 33  4 183  123 9 114 2  221 28 193 6  212 65 147  137 40 97  -  -  148 61 87 2  176 104 72 2  183 138 45 8  197 162 35 10  341 289 52 6  43 5 38  28 5 23  71 25 46  91 21 70  95 28 67  84 34 50  110 72 38  82 43 39  14 14  24  8  24  8  39 14 25  35 21 14 8 139 22 15  _  -  -  -  _ _ -  _  _  _ _ -  _ _ -  _  _ -  _ _ -  _  _  18  _ _ -  _ _ -  _  _  _  4  8  4  8  _  -  10  4  1072 832 240 44  -  2 2  135 98  104 51  9 7  444 381 63 1  338 203 135 2  293 230 63 -  745 633 112 7  124 49 75  126 83 43  170 105 65  143 60 83  37 16 21 7  67 58 9 4  10 2 8  25 20 5  -  27 22 5 2  116 23 11  100 45 39  343 308 93  95 81 10  11 1  _  -  -  5 5 -  36 6 30 30  64 3 61 61  12 2 10 10  419 360 59 11  236 225 11 3  105 101 4  -  -  -  3  1  -  -  6 4 2 2  241 144 97  345 308 37  180 176 4  3 3  69 50 19 13  48 29 19 11  49 44 5 1  98 94 4  -  -  -  _  4 4 -  _  _  _  10  4  -  -  -  ~  “  -  56 2 54 2  -  28 2 26 8  18 18  45 44 1  75 72 3  62 53 3  74 70 3  61 33 6  55 34 7  89 25 12  168 49 26  -  39 1 38 1  55 3 52 3  34 8 26 3  50 4 46 3  37 27 10 4  17 8 9 6  27 17 10 10  38 23 15 11  _ ' -  -  6 6  20 20  28 27  24 24  24 23  38 25  62 15  130 34  125 17  111 23  64 15  279 247  83 71  43 43  49 49  58 54  25 25  24 24  -  11 10  18 4  -  10 1  _  -  25 25  2  -  _ -  -  _ -  _ -  51  293  576 6 570 2  518 13 505 5  363 14 349 7  216 14 202 5  75 24 51 5  46 15 31 12  62 18 44 33  68 35 33 28  88 62 26 22  52 38 14 5  20 17 3 2  26 13 13 13  197 14 183 31  20 19 1  -  -  501 6 495  425 13 412  265 10 255  174 13 161  51 22 29  15 10 5  33 5 28  30 19 11  27 22 5  8 6 2  4 3 1  5 4 1  3 3  10 9 1  _ -  _ -  51 51  84 80 7  42 41  24 22 5  31 26 7  29 16 16  38 22 22  61 21 17  44 12 3  16 2 2  21 12 12  194 183 31  10  5  11  _  _ -  _  _  -  -  - •  -  7 1  9 9 7  9 5 2  3  7 1 1  3 1 1  17  4 2 2  1 -  5 1 1  5 2 2  _ _ . -  _ _  _  _  -  -  -  -  2 2  _  1 1  •  1 1  _  _  _  -  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3  6  2  17  1  4  3  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  3 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  51  293  -  -  51  293  _  _  51  293  _  _  _  _  -  18  -  -  -  77 77 3  154.00- 180.00 152.00- 173.00 172.00- 254.00  80 80  327 327 -  157 157 9  38 38  -  385 385 10  5  -  File clerks 1................................... Nonmanufacturing.....................  753 747  39.5 39.5  160.50 160.00  160.00 160.00  151.50- 167.00 151.50- 166.00  79 79  293 293  302 302  62 62  6 6  6  -  -  File clerks II.................................. Nonmanufacturing......................  274 236  39.5 39.5  204.50 180.50  181.50 180.00  167.00- 200.00 165.00- 190.00  1 1  34 34  79 79  85 85  26 26  1 1  9 9  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  584 380 204 24  -  14 9 5 . 3  _  -  -  -  3 t  9  -  -  _  ' -. .  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  5 5  11 11  11 1  _  _  _  f  _ -  -  -  ' _ -  ‘  -  -  -  _  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Detroit, Mich., April 1981 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  hours' (stand­ ard)  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range*  u  3r  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  74 11 63  91 17 74  34 5 29  30 10 20  . 6  27 6 21  4 4  12  90 5 85  -  -  6  2  151  46  _  _  _  6  2  151  129 7 122  -  -  -  43 3 40 12  19 7 12 2  13 5 8 3  8 4 4 2  9 5 4 3  20 14 6  88 23 65  284 52 232  130 68 62 7  131 30 101  90 49 41 7  97 28 69  12 9 3  29 16 13  -  -  -  99 20  104  -  76 14  143 39  97 37  -  -  14  20  -  2  -  -  12  Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  413 87 326  38.5 40.0 38.5  207.50 258.00 194.00  185.00 233.00 180.00  162.00- 222.00 190.00- 354.50 155.50- 204.00  Switchboard operators.................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  545 118 427 44  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  238.50 357.50 206.00 308.50  195.00 365.00 183.00 312.50  175.50306.00173.50220.50-  275.00 420.50 211.00 383.00  Switchboard operatorreceptionists................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  917 311 606 28  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  221.50 232.00 216.50 349.50  211.00 217.50 197.00 318.50  186.00197.50181.00245.00-  250,00 253.00 230.00 487.00  -  -  -  -  38.0 40.0  291.00 332.50  272.00 299.0C  233.00- 368.00 270.50- 444.00  10  23  33  44  Manufacturing............................  939 203  -  -  -  Order clerks I: Manufacturing............................  52  40.0  270.50  234.00  210.00- 326.00  _  _  -  Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  373 151 222  39.0 40.0 38.0  369.00 354.00 379.50  _  -  -  -  292.00 402.50 248.00 325.00  25  129 129  494 23 471 -  874 127 747 35  755 140 615 29  633 212 421 14  364 159 205 19  223 94 129 30  307 99 208 96  185 56 129  -  737 67 670 11  25  129  _  _  25  129  473 9 464  642 62 580  730 101 629  408 102 306  289 149 140  155 86 69  65 26 39  139 46 93  19 16 3  _  21 14 7  95 5 90  144 26 118  -  -  -  -  347 38 309 7  344 63 281 1  209 73 136 10  156 66 90 20  163 48 115 23  5  35 18 17  68 11 57  87 18 69 -  135 19 116 2  64 17 47 2  68 36 32 1  73 24 49 15  31 4 27 6  Accounting clerks I...................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  3,142 634 2,508  39.0 39.5 39.0  215.50 250.50 206.50  205.00 241.50 200.00  185.00- 235.00 215.50- 269.00 180.00- 220.00  Transportation and utilities....  1,922 524 1,398 220  39.0 40.0 39.0 39.0  276.00 303.50 266.00 340.50  260.00 235.00- 310.50 292.00 254.00- 341.50 246.00 230.00- 302.50 325.00 316.00- 336.00  Transportation and utilities....  731 278 453 57  39.5 40.0 39.0 38.5  275.50 315.00 251.00 382.00  250.00 291.00 232.50 393.50  303.00 389.50 269.00 478.50 279.00 399.50 247.00 395.00  Transportation and utilities....  2,33C 266 2,067 13C  39.E 40.C 39.C 39.C  212.5C 299.5C 201.0C 294.0C  194.0C 324.0C 190.0C 303.0C  167.50236.00163.00200.00-  Nonmanufacturing....................  1.16C 34C 82C  39* 40.C 39.  307.0C 361.5C 285.0C  273.0C 381.0C 246.0C  226.50- 403.50 286.50- 437.50 213.00- 395.00  236.00 366.00 224.00 389.00  _  25  _ -  _  5  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  67  337 _  67  337 -  67 67  337 337  -  32 84 76  249  8  2  106 79 27 7  49 38  19 12 7  7 5  5 2  2  154 28 126 111  121  45 33  39 20  38 18  12 1  19 4  20 20  27 25 2  33 33  2 1 1 1  14 13  176 110  112  62 59 7  75 61 14  2  1  49 33 16 15  366 35 331 8  290 56 234 21  167 31 136 S  93 29 64 15  76 31 45 15  118 85 33 2  140 39 96  125 31 94 23  438  298 34 264 15  225 17 208  140 40 100  100  51  36 8 28 15  104 76 28  25  22  8  433 12  41E 14 401 14  17 17  3 19 19  7C  5S  7C  5i  115 16 9S  141 16 12C  40 23 17  14 9 5  115 31 84 79  103 28 75 4  &  4  15C 16 134 15  42 67 2* 25 42 y____if  -  2  21 3 18  1  413 50 363 19  47  2  3 3  474 14 460 14  94  5  200  42 26 16 16  508 5 503 13  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1  32  54 23 31  -  235.00 297.00 215.00 318.00  Transportation and utilities....  1  -  256.00 320.50 229.00 316.50  176.50250.00170.00252.50-  33  -  39.0 40.0 39.0 38.5  215.00 347.00 200.00 395.0C  -  -  5,571 1,640 3,931 416  244.00 334.00 225.00 339.00  -  -  299.50- 406.00 287.50- 444.00 344.00- 406.00  Accounting clerks............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  39.5 40.C 39.5 39.5  _  68 37 31  200.00241.50192.00275.00-  3,493 606 2,887 283  _  46 2  6  540  420  400  37 37  375.50 337.00 385.50  219.00245.00205.00299.00-  _  460  420  400  360  101  580  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Detroit, Mich., April 1981  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly arnings (in dol ars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number ol workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) o  Middle range2  140 and under 160  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  720  720 and over  Computer systems analysts 2,809 1,756 1,053  40.0 38.5  562.00 588.00 519.00  568.00 609.50 504.00  659 252  39.5 38.5  495.00 423.50  518.00 401.00  389.00- 587.50 380.00- 434.00  “  1,276 895 381 163  39 5 40 0 39 0 38.5  567.50 511.50 505.50  592.00 458.50- 671.00 634.50 480.50- 681.50 493.50 423.00- 559.00 501.50 482.00- 534.00  “  “  -  -  ■ “ ~  “ ~ “  66 9 57  53  3 2 1  17 13 4  9 6 3  56 39 17  226 79 147  240 91 149  252 147 105  280 135 145  276 154 122  247 173 74  303 225 78  386 268 118  299 245 54  215 * 179 36  2  16 4  9 3  34 10  138 108  71 67  24 21  39 14  87 6  98 8  82 2  59 9  _ -  _ _  1 1  -  82 45 37 5  145 84 61 13  125 77 48 21  131 47 84 69  84 32 52 38  65 51 14 4  136 123 13 4  210 186 24 6  211 192 19 2  63 42 21  -  22 15 7 1  -  “ ”  ~  -  6 4 2  24 3 21  103 67 36  110 63 47  105 41 64  84 32 52  85 22 63  117 32 85  76 8 68 5  125 7 118 5  119 31 88 8  216 75 141 8  222 78 144 10  137 87 50 3  296 218 78 8  210 177 33 7  213 175 38 2  166 143 23  89 85 4  45 41 4  65 4 61  58 1 57  39 4 db  16 5 11  44 31 13  27 20 7  99 89 10  18 18  5 5  -  -  -  _  62 6 56  58 25 33  172 70 102  160 42 118  91 55 36  168 115 53  133 124 9  70 59 11  5 5  22 20  28 28  18 13  19 7  29 15  59 24  112 41 71 16  55 18 37 2  82 34 48 5  136 86 50 2  158 83 75 17  199 143 56 12  15 6 9  17 14 3  48 42 6  63 48 15  "  Computer systems analysts “  ~  Computer systems analysts  Transportation and utilities.....  -  -  -  -  1 “ 1  Computer systems analysts  Computer programmers (business)..  Transportation and utilities..... Computer programmers (business) I............................... Manufacturing............................  874  39.5  420  38.5  604.50 624.50 582.50  602.50 634.50 589.50  513.00- 688.50 512.50- 733.50 519.50- 654.50  2,049 1,150 899 56  39.5 40.0 39 5 40.0  437.50 492.50 367.00 388.00  442.00 493.50 347.00 365.00  347.00434.50309.50329.00-  476 186 290  39.5 40.0 39.5  352 00 427.00 304.00  326.50 442.50 294.50  288.00- 442.00 390.50- 465.50 269.50- 326.00  524.00 559.00 402.50 460.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  53  43 9 53  43  ~  •  Computer programmers (business) III.............................  Computer operators.........................  Transportation and utilities.....  39 5 40 0 39.5  416.50 449 50 378.00  402.00 463.00 364.00  350.00- 477.00 381.00- 500.50 340.00- 407.50  601 162  40 0 39.5  539 50 451.00  555.50 462.00  505.50- 597.50 352.00- 528.00  1,930 895 1,035 116  39 5 40.0  576 317 259  39.5  362 00 428.00 305.00 333.50  345.00 261.00- 466.00 455.00 354.00- 506.00 285.00 236.00- 352.00 303.00 282.50- 430.00  39 5 40 0 39.5  359.00 399.50 309.50  372.00 418.50 275.00  Transportation and utilities.....  1,008 416 592 64  39.5 39 5 39.5 40.0  326.00  Transportation and utilities.....  346 162 184 33  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  143  39.0  344.50  283.00  456.50 515.00 314.00 430.00  418.50 495 00 351.00 349.00  340 00 305.00  316.00457.50293.00288.50-  526.00 568.00 420.00 434.00  320.50  325.00  280.00- 325.00  9  36  9 -  8  9  26  18 1  9  24  -  10  '' 70  20 150 6  170 31 139 11  146 76 70 3  46 16 30  43 10 33  32 12 20  25 19  45 24 21  107  122 16 106 8  106 63 43 2  91 6 85 12  52 17 35 4  25 5 20  30 10 20 2  63 31 32 1  8  42  15  41 15  _ 15 4  15 7 8 2  35 10 25 2  25 13 12  9  49  6  4  10 -  7  -  6 r7 17  -  -  -  -  4  13  u -  5  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  11  “  260.00- 460.50 342.00- 474.00 228.00- 410.00 240.00309.50230.00249.50-  456.50  10 10  5  9  17  158 145 27  16 16 -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  28 21 7  5 4 1  _ _ _  _ _ _  _ _  138 27  138 16  84 3  45 4  16 _  _ _  209 165 44 7  152 133 19  31 28 3  19 19  _ -  _  _  -  -  97 70 27  92 66 26  -  -  _ -  _ _  -  -  _  _ _ _  _ _ _  54 35 19 12  81 56 25 6  89 74 15 4  107 96 11  -  -  _  :  -  _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  41 41 4  21 17 4 3  28 25 3 3  45 37 8  30 27 3  19 19  _ _ -  _ _ -  7  4  6  5  -  ■  Computer programmers 972 525 447  88 * * 152 53 137 35 15  1 1  -  -  _  _ -  _  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Detroit, Mich., April 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (standard)  Middle range2  Mean2  40.0 40.0 40.0  467.00 518.50 325.50  480.50 522.50 290.00  Drafters II.......... Manufacturing..  539 275  40.0 40.0  279.50 329.00  294.00 354.00  Drafters III............... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  966 743 223  40.0 40.0 40.0  366.00 396.00 265.50  382.50 410.00 250.00  Drafters IV............... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  1,104 873 231  40.0 40.0 40.0  449.50 482.00 326.50  460.00 487.00 300.00  Drafters V................ Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  2,692 2,213 479  40.0 40.0 40.0  580.50 598.00 499.00  591.00 611.00 520.00  Electronics technicians.. Manufacturing.......... Electronics technicians II..  143 97  40.0 40.0  470.50 503.00  467.50 511.00  71  40.0  415.50  415.50  360.00- 585.50 440.00- 618.50  140 and under 160  200  180  5 5 —  —  -  200  180  160  81  154 115 39  132 79 53  344 269 75  347 294 53  578 518 60  583 501 82  617 549 68  514 411 103  472 402 70  501 497 4  34  30  15  25  -  -  52 12  52 52  27 27  96 96  24 24  3 3  ■  ■  -  -  50 15  -  1  46  21 14 7  24 16 8  77 63 14  53 44 9  120 102 18  144 144  69 69  15 15  -  -  46  107 65 42  197 197  1  92 14 78  -  _  288 263 25  243 239 4  163 163  67 67  8 8  148  102 23  29 23  399.00- 465.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  -  ■  '  15 4 11  78 67 11  37 4 33  46  143 108 35  271 193 78  439 371 68  447 344 103  464 394 70  501 497 4  291 291  46  53 11 42  "  -  9 7  18 18  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3  3  _  _  8  -  -  -  -  -  9 4  23 6  29 28  41 34  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3  3  -  8  7  21  28  1  4 4  8 3  27 24 3 2  35 32 3 2  33 19 14 11  94 76 18 8  71 70 1  6  -  _  -  and 1 at $840.00 to $880.00. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  -  25  25  -  an*d * Workers^were ^distributed as follows: 75 at $720.00 to $760.00; 35 at $760.00 to $800.00; 41 at $600.00 to $840.00;  -  _  -  1  -  30  30  -  3  _  _  -  1  291 291 .  114  -  3  720 and over  73 62 11  114  -  640  720  106 28 78  81  -  680  680  185 29 156  148  _  -  600  560  520  480  640  132 65 67  117 23 94  -  440  400  360  600  107 14 93  205 23 182  -  340  320  300  280  260  240  220  560  520  480  440  400  360  340  320  260  240  220  455.50 40.0 350 Registered industrial nurses........ 462.50 40.0 298 Manufacturing......................... 3 418.00 39.5 52 Nonmanufacturing.................. 0 419.00 39.0 25 Transportation and utilities.. » Workers were distributed as follows: 106 at $720.00 to $760.00; 33 at $760.00 to $800.00; 39 at $800.00 to $840.00;   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  I 300 I  280  5,619 4,108 1,511  Drafters........................ Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  -  "  -  74 70  -  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Detroit, Mich., April 1981 Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Office occupations men  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars]  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  File clerks.................................. Nonmanufacturing................  1,001 958  39.5 39.5  173.50 166.50  Professional and technical occupations - men  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Order clerks................ Manufacturing........  477 76  37.0 40.0  330.50 398.00  File clerks I.................... ....... Nonmanufacturing................  713 707  39.5 39.5  160.50 160.00  Order clerks II......... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  264 72 192  38.5 40.0 38.0  382.50 395.00 377.50  Computer systems analysts (business): Manufacturing...................................  1,484  40.0  601.00  File clerks II........................... . Nonmanufacturing................ .  259 226  39.5 39.5  203.00 181.00  Computer systems analysts (business) II.................................... Manufacturing...................................  970 769  40.0 40.0  592.50 604.00  Computer systems analysts (business) III: Manufacturing...................................  410  40.0  630.50  Accounting clerks: Accounting clerks II: Manufacturing........  53  40.0  362.00  Payroll clerks..............  56  40.0  425.50  Office occupations women Secretaries................................ . Manufacturing........................  8,173 4,751  39.5 40.0  377.50 418.50  Secretaries I........................... Nonmanufacturing.................  344 318  39.0 39.0  248.50 237.50  Secretaries III.......................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing................. Transportation and utilities.  3,654 2,350 1,304 46  39.5 40.0 38.5 39.5  377.00 410.00 318.00 362.50  Secretaries IV.......................... Manufacturing........................  1,766 1,158  39.5 40.0  426.00 455.50  Secretaries V........................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................  634 388 246  39.5 40.0 39.0  423.00 474.00 342.00  Stenographers............................ Nonmanufacturing................. Transportation and utilities.  1,412 840 220  39.0 38.0 40.0  342.50 340.00 377.00  Stenographers I....................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities..  408 116 292 136  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  296.00 307.00 292.00 379.00  Stenographers II............,......... Nonmanufacturing..................  1,004 548  38.5 37.0  361.50 366.00  Transcribing-machine typists....... Nonmanufacturing..................  265 235  39.0 39.0  232.00 220.00  Typists.......................................... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing..................  2,595 318 2,277  38.5 39.5 38.5  224.50 321.50 211.00  Typists I.................................... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing..................  1,845 145 1,700  38.5 39.5 38.5  194.00 284.50 186.50  Typists II........................... ........ Nonmanufacturing...................  696 523  38.5 38.0  308.00 293.50  Messengers: Manufacturing.......................  52  40.0  268.00  Switchboard operators............... Manufacturing......... .............. Nonmanufacturing................. Transportation and utilities.  515 116 399 41  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  238.50 357.00 204.50 302.00  827  40.0  507.50  32  40.0  416.50  Computer programmers (business) I: Manufacturing...................................  109  40.0  438.50  250.00 293.50 233.50  Computer programmers (business) II: Manufacturing....................................  343  40.0  455.50  39.0 38.5  223.50 218.00  Computer programmers (business) III...................................  466  40.0  552.50  109 79  40.0 40.0  336.50 316.50  Accounting clerks....................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing..................  Computer operators............................... Manufacturing.................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................  4,793 1,372 3,421  39.0 39.5 39.0  244.50 299.00 222.50  1,214 621 593  39.5 40.0 39.5  383.50 448.00 315.50  Computer operators I......................... Manufacturing.................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................  Accounting clerks I.................. Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing..................  361 205 156  2,871 624 2,247  40.0 40.0 39.5  39.0 39.5 39.0  361.00 415.00 289.50  212.00 249.00 202.00  Computer operators II........................ Manufacturing.................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................  Accounting clerks II................. Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing..................  558 278 280  39.5 39.5 39.5  375.50 442.00 309.50  1,636 471 1,165  39.0 40.0 39.0  271.00 297.00 260.50  Payroll clerks............................... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities..  671 237 434 49  39.5 40.0 39.0 38.5  263.50 291.00 248.00 374.50  Computer operators III........................ Manufacturing..................................... Nonmanufacturing............................. . Transportation and utilities.............  295 138 157 30  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  425.50 509.00 352.00 339.00  Key entry operators...................... Manufacturing.......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. .  3,389 598 2,791  39.5 40.0 39.5  244.00 333.50 224.50  Key entry operators I................ Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing..................  2,274 266 2,008  39.5 40.0 39.5  212.00 299.50 200.50  Key entry operators II............... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing................... Transportation and utilities...  1,115 332 783 153  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  308.50 361.00 286.50 377.00  Switchboard operatorreceptionists ........................... Manufacturing....................... Nonmanufacturing.................  906 308 598  39.5 40.0 39.0  219.00 230.50 213.00  Order clerks................................ Manufacturing....................... Nonmanufacturing.................  462 127 335  39.0 40.0 38.5  Order clerks I........................... Nonmanufacturing.................  353 305  Order clerks II........................... Manufacturing........................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers (business): Manufacturing................................... Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities............  7  Peripheral equipment operators.............  50  40.0  365.50  Drafters.................................................... Manufacturing..................................... Nonmanufacturing.......................... .  5,267 3,977 1,290  40.0 40.0 40.0  478.50 522.00 344.00  Drafters II............................................. Manufacturing.....................................  449 236  40.0 40.0  280.50 323.00  Drafters III............................................ Manufacturing..................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................  885 690 195  40.0 40.0 40.0  366.50 394.50 268.00  Drafters IV............................................. Manufacturing..................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................  1,053 851 202  40.0 40.0 40.0  453.00 482.50 328.00  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, In Detroit, Mich., April 1981 —Continued  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Drafters V............................................................. Manufacturing.....................................................  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  2,677 2,200 477  40.0 40.0 40.0  581.00 598.50 499.00  142  40.0  471.00 503.00  71  40.0  415.50  Av« (m san2)  Average (mean2)  Average (mean2)  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  323  40.0  454.00  77  40.0  411.00  of workers  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Computer programmers (business):  Computer programmers (business) I:  Computer programmers (business) II: 182  40.0  437.50  675 274 401  39.5 40.0 39.5  326.00 383.50 287.00  197 112  39 5 40.0  362.00 371.00  430  39.5 39.5 39.5  303.50 388.00 263.50  occupations - women Computer systems analysts (business):  262  Computer systems analysts (business) I: 102 Computer systems analysts (business) II:  116  40.0  40.0  40.0  519.50  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  495.00  292  522.00  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  8  Manufacturing....................................................  of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  352 131 221  40.0 40.0 40.0  292.50 419.00 218.00  90  40.0  274.00  81 53  40.0 40.0  358.00 415.00  51  40.0  379.50  287 254  40.0 40.0  456.00 457.50  Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Detroit, Mich., April 1981 h ourly earn ings (in dollars>r Occupation and industry division  Maintenance carpenters................. Manufacturing........................... Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  of workers  585 478 107 33  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 8.00 Under and 8.00 under 8.20  12.01 12.13 11.48 10.03  12.50 12.50 10.83 9.76  12.00-12.54 12.00-12.54 9.76-14.00 9.76-10.11  _ ~ -  _ ~  8.20  8.40  8.60  8.80  9.00  9.20  9.40  9.60  9.80  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.20  11.60  12.00  12.40  12.80  13.20  13.60  14.00  14.40  8.40  8.60  8.80  9.00  9.20  9.40  9.60  9.80  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.20  11.60  12.00  12.40  12.80  13.20  13.60  14.00  14.40  and over  _ -  _ -  _ -  4 4  _  -  12  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ “  3  4  28 28  4  29 25 4  1 1  3  _ -  _  3,689 3,572 117 32  12.50 12.52 11.61 10.80  12.75 12.75 11.42 10.62  12.29-12.83 12.29-12.83 10.62-12.75 10.60-10.88  _ “ -  -  Maintenance painters...................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  534 463 71  12.15 12.17 12.04  12.49 11.95-12.50 12.49 11.95-12.50 11.95 10.70-13.43  _ -  _  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  634 547 87 87  11.97 12.17 10.68 10.68  12.09 12.11 10.69 10.69  11.42-12.63 12.09-12.65 10.60-10.86 10.60-10.86  _ ” -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3,921 3,867 54  12.07 12.09 10.84  12.75 12.19-12.83 12.75 12.19-12.83 10.50 10.38-10.50  106 106  30 30  7 7  96 96  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............................ Manufacturing ........................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities....  2,235 1,144 1,091 655  11.82 12.11 11.51 12.03  12.38 12.54 11.85 12.34  33 20 13  25  -  9 9  -  -  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing............................  2,420 2,388  12.29 12.30  12.54 12.00-12.58 12.54 12.00-12.58  _  _  _  _  5  -  -  -  20 20  Maintenance sheet-metal workers... Manufacturing............................  480 458  12.26 12.33  12.54 12.27-12.54 12.54 12.54-12.54  _  _  _  -  -  -  Millwrights..................................... Manufacturing............................  3,753 3,692  12.42 12.42  12.54 12.30-12.58 12.54 12.30-12.58  _  _  _  -  Maintenance trades helpers........... Manufacturing............................  281 211  10.48 10.58  10.27 10.22-10.66 10.66 10.22-10.66  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing............................  1,967 1,967  12.40 12.40  12.63 12.63-12.65 12.63 12.63-12.65  Tool and die makers........................ Manufacturing............................  4,866 4,865  12.29 12.29  12.77 12.29-12.83 12.77 12.29-12.83  Stationary engineers........................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  597 487 110  12.33 12.58 11.22  12.65 11.95-12.83 12.75 12.54-12.83 11.08 10.28-12.65  Boiler tenders..................................  596  10.05  11.96 7.13-12.58  11.20-12.58 12.00-12.58 10.58-12.58 11.42-13.01  _ ■  -  19 19 19 2  30 30 40 40  2  -  "  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _  _  6  -  -  . _ -  .  _ -  _ 6  2 2  _  20 20  -  -  _  12 12  _ “  25-  _ -  _ “  -  12 12  .  .  -  -  -  -  -  43 43  180 180  55 55  _  -  -  -  -  5  10 10  50  12 12  -  5  -  -  -  -  4 4  _  .  -  20 20  _  -  16 16  _ 50 -  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  _  .  .  -  -  -  .  6  -  11 2 9 9  10 9 1  57 55 2  3 3  19 19  9 9  21 5  -  -  126 102 24 23  28 12 16 2  69 62 7 7  78 78  32 18 14  20 12 8  -  14 5 9 9  5 4  576 555  1185 1174  78 73 5  4 4  336 325 11  -  21 2 19 19  6 6  210 210  138 138  -  -  35 35  52 51 1  1281 1264  -  2  131 131  -  -  -  8  -  16  40 40  -  67 67  -  -  -  -  -  _  382 379 3  1780 1777 3  857 853 4  124 124 -  -  144  59  144 144  59 59  -  -  -  -  -  26 26  80 64 16  50 23 27  16 16  140 36 104 -  156 14 142 77  27 4 23 17  95 7 88 78  119 28 91 80  355 253 102 78  884 695 189 78  -  55 51  5 5  27 27  150 150  400 393  1515 1505  -  152 152  2  27 15  13 13  59 59  357 357  -  -  -  -  5 5  26 26  101 97  849 840  -  -  196 196  -  37 7 30 18  -  69 69  -  -  -  30 30  -  27 27  9 8  9 9  76 76  91 28  84 84  -  -  50 50  -  -  -  -  -  -  55 55  34 34  24 24  250 250  1272 1272  260 260  -  -  -  24 24  41 40  1449 1449  1017 1017  1755 1755  -  -  -  34 33 1  27 26 1  10 7 3  193 188 5  133 130 3  8  8  8  39 23 16  -  50  4  251  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  .  .  -  -  -  -  72 72  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  70 70  12 12  .  -  27 27  _  -  14 14  -  -  12 12  70 70  9 9  364 364  2 2  -  23 15 8  _  _  _  _  5  1  9  31  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  5  1  9  6 1 5  13  -  5 5  1  -  8 8  13  31  *225  8  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  33  10  -  15  -  2441 2393 .  49 45 4  21  4 2  14 14  9  -  1 1  -  -  297 289  1  _  _  120 112  70 30 40 40  6 -  21  43 25 18 18  54 28 26 26  6  8 8  Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _ -  -  Maintenance electricians................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  12  -  -  -  43 43  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Detroit, Mich., April 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars) Number of workers  Occupation and industry division  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range2 •  Truckdrivers................................. Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities.. Truckdrivers, light truck.. Manufacturing.............. Nonmanufacturing....... Truckdrivers, medium truck.. Manufacturing.................... Nonmanufacturing............. Truckdrivers, heavy truck.. Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer...... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities.. Shippers..  3.80  4.20  4.60  5.00  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.40  12.20  0  4.20  4.60  5.00  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.40  12.20  13.00  8.13 9.19 7.83  8.44 6.50-10.09 9.57 8.53-10.09 7.40 6.50-10.74  _  -  30  2,543 381 2,162  9.28 9.27 9.29  8.25 7.25-12.08 9.71 7.76- 9.86 8.22 7.25-12.08  26  26  786  10.58  10.33 9.35-11.68  636 142 494  10.74 10.08 11.68 12.17  10.64-12.94 9.52-11.72 11.43-12.94 12.48-12.94  3,220 1,086 2,134 1,533  11.56 10.31 12.19 12.55  11.74 10.08 12.69 12.94  478  10.28  10.90 10.81-10.90  9.33 8.35  10.77 7.69-10.81 8.10 7.01-10.74  Shippers and receivers.. Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing....  601 482 119  9.11 9.36 8.08  9.64 7.57-10.71 9.96 7.57-10.71 9.12 4.75-10.39  2,072 916 1,156  9.00 8.88 9.10  9.64 7.78-10.22 8.19 8.19-10.06 10.16 7.25-10.22  26  3  56  26  3  26  _ _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  2,956 1,974 982 401  10.29 10.13 10.62 12.40  10.63 10.63 11.04 12.84  -  230  70  -  280  -  92 40 52  269 268 1  93 29 64  24 24  -  "  -  1150 427 723 360  1168  -  168 42 126 7  1168 1166  -  -  4  354  22  15  -  29 17  8 7  351 63  54 54  -  -  5  59 36 23  194 180 14  25 25 -  -  “  165  15  165  15  1 1 "  -  214 214  “  9 9  . _  28 28  37 37  7 7  165 165  _  _  _  _  _  - .  -  _ -  _ -  _  10 10 -  60 60  43 30  33 16  1 1  9 1  61 51  14  43 43  70 70  46 32 14  4  64 46 18  27 27 -  5  17  _  17  -  10 10  168 154 14  399 243 156  262 22 240  106 2 104  _  8  171 154  604 433  714 659  34 34  11 11  9 9  12 12  11 11  11 11  1 _  _  10 10  4 4  _  4  -  41 9 32  -  1  -  -  -  -  4 4  1  1  18  17  25  30 _  63 63  314  _  25  30  16 10 6  -  314  33 10 23  411 401 10  20  10  .  26 26  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  1  1  18  17  11  25  -  135 135  -  -  -  -  122 14  22 22  42 42  19 19  -  -  -  -  -  312 259  -  -  72 72  -  -  15 15  77  -  20 20  _  -  15 15  _  12  10  13  4  26  12  24 24  14 14  35 35  132 132  -  70  -  -  -  -  1275 1038 237  291  -  356 269 87  131  2 2  337 336 1 “  70  12  48 40 8 8  2  _  26  118 86 32  131 100  291 291  70 70  -  "  -  216 216 “  1290 1168 122  320 179 141  3901 3575 326  13  266 16 250  376  _  88 88  13  _  312 312  -  -  31  8  22  33S  65  76  92 4 88  129 34 95  31 2C 11  291 281 10  93C 92C 1C  -  291 281 1C  93C 92C 1:  -  12  ..  549  10.68  10.66 10.66-11.12  _  Guards......................... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  .. .. ..  5,261 2,084 3,177  7.1 £ 10.3S 5.0S  6.73 4.46-10.55 11.05 9.28-11.44 4.52 4.00- 4.8C  210  534  210  1357  102  210  534  210  1357  102  -  _  4  -  645  521 521  Power-truck operators (other than forklift)....  13  10  4  -  -  -  28 28  27 27  56 56  -  -  210  534  205  1354  74  210  534  205  1354  74  5C 35 14  60 18 42  45 35  44 15 25  24 17  39 39  11  1C 1C  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  7 7  -  4.46-11.05 9.28-11.44 3.60- 4.5<  _  -  -  10.71 10.16-10.78 10.71 10.16-10.71 10.91 10.71-12.84  4.53 11.05 4.46  -  -  10.42 10.21 11.35  7.06 10.47 4.4<  -  9  7,137 5,859 1,278  4,524 1,97€ 2,546  206  -  . . .  .. .. ..  -  74  -  -  -  -  Forklift operators......... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  Guards I................... Manufactunng........ Nonmanufacturing..  -  _  10  -  -  25  . . . .  -  -  -  11  Material handling laborers........... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing..........’........ Transportation and utilities..  -  10  -  10  _  -  -  _ -  10.01 7.00-10.65 10.63 7.55-10.65  34  -  4  8.85 9.30  -  -  7  -  14 14  734 492  175 136 39  -  -  . .  13 10 3  79 79  -  22 19 3  7  379  -  -  Shipping packers... Manufacturing..  379  -  -  _ -  9 9  -  -  10.53 7.30-10.81 10.42 7.30-10.81  126 74 52  156  -  -  9.53 9.45  683 14 669  "  -  4 4  2,427 2,146  _  24  -  -  -  . .  _  -  24 24  -  4 -  “  _ -  34  -  51 43 8  _ 26  13 9 4  -  38 38  26  26 26  _ -  156  2  _  10  _  -  -  -  2  10  1  244 31 213  101 47 54  16  30  10  645  17 14 3  24  16  30  35  -  535 304 231  _ 110  _  “  516 105 411 7  110  1  _  “  569 525 44 43  _ 2  10  “  313 222 91 4  2  10 2  35  3  30  239 236 3 3  _  35 1  _ 30 1  -  24 19 5 3  10  _  61  645 212 433 62  12 1  12  _  1412 31 1381 1352  40 16 24 1  30  10  _  2222 427 1795 1402  180 125 55 3  727 42 685  145 9 136 2  35  23 9 14  61  -  Order fillers................. Nonmanufacturing..  10.01-10.72 10.01-10.72 10.53-12.82 11.46-12.84  3  56  26  10.38 10.00 10.53 12.21  758 395  . .  0  8.59-12.08 9.30-10.90 8.22-12.17 1.68-12.94  7,847 2,306 5,541 2,887  Receivers.................... Nonmanufacturing..  Warehousemen.......... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  3.20 and under 3.40  10  11 4 7  7  -  106 106 -  26 26  61 24 37 25 24  68 18 50  62 32 31 32 32  -  95 45 5C  656 404 252  64 44 2G  127 96 2S  107 107  45 45  449 404 45  62 44 15  72 52 2C  10' 10‘  376  -  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Detroit, Mich., April 1981 —Continued Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  workers  Mean*  Median2  Middle  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of —  and 3.40  Guards II....................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  737 108 629  7.98 8.99 7.81  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  11,412 4,141 7,271 336  6.85 9.54 5.33 8.11  8.23 7.13- 9.00 9.83 7.25-10.10 8.14 6.88- 9.00 5.60 10.34 5.28 8.29  5.05- 9.90 9.35-10.34 4.16- 5.58 6.71- 9.58  3.40  3.80  4.20  4.60  5.00  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.40  12.20  3.80  4.20  4.60  5.00  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.40  12.20  13.00  _  _  5  3  28  16  5  81  36  31  50  207  -  -  -  5  _ 26  _ 81  _ 26  _ 36  _ 31  _ 50  _  207  2  55 46 9  _  28  16  _  3  122 34 88  26  -  13 8 5  26  -  441 45 396 1  475  1910  475 2  1910 6  1423 51 1372 8  156 73 83 11  400 224 176 52  369 48 321 54  47 32 15 6  148 135 13 6  116 82 34 5  167 96 71 25  163 155 8 3  220 172 48 48  192 127 65 64  541 488 53 4  2599 2370 229 33  -  -  5  976  351  541  -  541 1  976 -  351 1  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  11  2  -  31 20 11 77 43 34  _ -  _ -  20  80  20  80 6  -  _ _ -  Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex, in Detroit, Mich., April 1981  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men  Maintenance machinists....................................................... Manufacturing................................................................. Nonmanufacturing...........................................................  529 439 90 33  12.04 12.13 11.60 10.03  3,597 3,494 103 32  12.50 12.53 11.67 10.80  517 455 62  12.18 12.18 12.23  591 504 87 87  11.92 12.14 10.68 10.68  3,905 3,851 54  12.07 12.09 10.84  2,034 1,039 995 564  11.84 12.08 11.59 12.24  2,296 2,264  12.30 12.32  477 455  12.26 12.33  3,317 3,256  12.43 12.43  1,963  12.40  4 860 4^859  12.28 12.28  579 487 92  12.38 12.58 11.28  589  10.04  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Material handling laborers  ........................................  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer............................................... Manufacturing.................................................................  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  2,634 1,824 810 401  10.53 10.18 11.30 12.40  6,916 5,662 1,254  10.44 10.23 11.37  Guards.................................................................................. Manufacturing................................................................. Nonmanufacturing........................................................... Transportation and utilities.........................................  4,497 1,817 2,680 54  7.22 10.36 5.10 9.79  8 13  Guards I............................................................................ Manufacturing.................................................................  3,882 1,721 2,161  7.11 10.43 4.46  2,474 381 2,093  9.30 9.27 9.30  Guards II...........................................................................  615 96 519  7.97 9.13 7.76  786  10.58  3,164 1,031 2,133 1,532  11.57 10.29 12.19 12.55  2,976  9.64  435  10.21  2,779  Manufacturing................................................................. Nonmanufacturing..........................................................  Number of workers  10.41 9.98 10.60 12.31  7,580 2,247 5^333  Janitors, porters, and cleaners: Material movement and custodial occupations - women 66  9.98  594 492  9.15 8.94  256 88  7.93 9.59  150  9.43  616  9.74  535 93  9.00 9.28 7.66  Manufacturing.................................................................  1,997 907 1,090  8.87 9.06  Guards: Nonmanufacturing.............. .... .......................................  Order fillers......................................................................... Nonmanufacturing..........................................................  1,816 1,654  9.65 9.61  Guards I: Nonmanufacturing..........................................................  385  4.22  Manufacturing................................................................  478 404  9.35 9.24  Janitors, porters, and cleaners: Manufacturing................................................................  1,042  9.26  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Material movement and custodial  Maintenance mechanics  Millwrights............................................................................ Manufacturing.................................................................  Number of workers  12  Material handling laborers: Manufacturing.................................................................  Table A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups, Detroit, Mich., selected periods All industries Period5  Indexes (March 1977 = 100): March 1980......................................................................................... April 1981............................................................................................. Percent increases: February 1972 to March 1973: 13-month increase......................................................................... Annual rate of increase.............................................................................. March 1973 to March 1974........................................................................... March 1974 to March 1975........................................................................... March 1975 to March 1976........................................................................... March 1976 to March 1977........................................................................... March 1977 to March 1978........................................................................... March 1978 to March 1979........................................................................... March 1979 to March 1980........................................................................... March 1980 to April 1981: 13-month increase..................................................................................... Annual rate of increase..............................................................................  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  127.1 140.4  Manufacturing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  130.2 142.0  134.0 147.3  131.4 143.9  5.7 5.3 7.1 10.5 7.7 7.6 6.5 8.3 10.2  « c) o 9.5 7.0 7.0 6.8 10.5 10.3  5.7 5.3 8.8 13.0 7.9 8.5 8.1 10.5 12.1  10.5 9.7  9.1 8.4  9.9 9.1  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  132.7 146.8  128.9 142.2  5.3 4.9 8.6 10.4 7.2 9.3 8.3 9.2 11.1  6.5 6.0 9.3 11.4 8.6 8.2 7.9 10.2 11.6  9.5 8.7  10.6 9.8  Nonmanufacturing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  131.2 143.3  134.0 147.7  131.3 143.5  135.5 150.3  125.9 139.2  129.5 141.2  (•) (•>)  128.5 141.5  4.7 4.3 7.1 12.3 7.4 7.9 5.9 9.0 11.7  C) <•) C) 9.7 6.7 7.8 7.4 10.6 10.4  5.5 5.1 8.8 13.0 7.9 8.7 7.8 10.5 12.5  5.2 4.8 8.7 10.5 7.1 9.4 8.3 9.1 11.1  6.1 5.6 10.6 12.4 8.3 8.8 8.5 10.6 12.9  6.6 6.1 7.0 8.9 8.0 7.4 7.0 7.7 9.3  (6) (•) (*) 9.7 7.5 6.3 6.1 10.8 10.1  6.5 6.0 H («) (#) (8) 11.0 10.9 (8)  7.5 6.9 5.6 9.1 9.0 7.4 7.2 9.7  10.3 9.5  9.2 8.5  10.2 9.4  9.3 8.6  10.9 10.1  10.6 9.8  9.0 8.3  (8) «  10.1 9.3  Industrial nurses  Unskilled plant  See footnotes at end of tables.  Table A-8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired office clerical occupations, Detroit, Mich., April 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Secretaries I............................................. Secretaries II........................................... Secretaries III ......................................... Secretaries IV.......................................... Secretaries V........................................... Stenographers I........................................ Stenographers II....................................... Transcribmg-machine typists. ................ Typists I................................................... Typists II................................................... File clerks l.............................................. File clerks II............................................. Messengers............................................. Switchboard operators........................... Switchboard operatorreceptionists......................................... Order clerks II.......................................... Accounting clerks I.................................. Accounting clerks II................................. Payroll clerks........................................... Key entry operators I................................ Key entry operators II..............................  Secretaries  Stenographers  Tran­ scrib­ ing ma­ chine typ­ ists  I  II  III  IV  V  I  II  100 118 120 141 155 n o o <■> o 75 o <•> 87  85 100 114 125 141 82 93 84 81 82 63 89 66 100  83 88 100 114 127 73 86 85 74 86 63 81 76 91  71 80 88 100 114 64 77 C) 62 75 51 71 63 80  65 71 79 88 100 59 70 ci 56 68 46 65 58 70  0 122 137 156 169 100 120 <•) 91 106 83 98 88 108  o 107 116 130 142 84 100 <•> 77 96 72 85 76 104  c) 119 117 C)  « Cl 87 103 113 94  84 124 82 98 109 78 100  80 106 75 98 103 81 94  70 103 68 84 91 70 83  64 83 65 77 83 64 74  104 o 102 124 116 100 119  c) ci 88 104 115 94 108  o  Typists  Switch­ Switch­ board Messen­ board operator gers operators -recep­ tionists  1  II  I  II  C) C) 100 93 101 82 o 88 97  o 123 135 161 180 109 131 108 100 119 92 c) 99 113  C) 122 116 134 148 94 104 99 84 100 81 90 87 103  134 160 158 197 219 121 139 123 109 123 100 (*> 105 119  <*) 112 123 140 153 102 117 o c) 111 c) 100 100 107  o 153 132 158 173 114 131 114 101 115 95 100 100 112  115 100 110 125 144 93 97 103 88 97 84 94 89 100  119 125 142 157 97 c> 93 o 109 73 91 83 (8)  108 135 95 .128 133 104 113  o e> 103 153 128 110 130  92 o 103 120 126 98 108  137 o 131 162 160 127 150  110 C) 109 161 136 117 123  120 C) 113 143 129 112 124  ci p> 107 120 122 102 104  100 161 99 124 113 93 112  c)  more than) the earnings of Secretaries l „ aPPenaix .. A. tor . metnod th . of, computation. . . bee  NOTE: This matrix table shows the average (mean) relationship of earnings in establishments between any two occupationsincompared. an occupation thedata table stubforare as aFor percent of the earnings for the an occupation the columnEarnings heading for at the point whereinthe lines theexpressed two intersect. example, reading across Secretaries II row, the 118 in the Secretaries I column indicates that Secretaries II average 118 percent of (or 18 percent   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  File clerks  Also see footnotes at end of tables.  13  c)  Order clerks  Accounting clerks  II  I  II  o 80 94 97 120 c) o 74 C) C) C) (•) (8)  115 122 133 148 154 98 114 105 97 97 76 91 88 94  98 102 102 119 130 80 96 78 66 84 62 62 70 83  62 100 C) 76 88 71 80  101 c) 100 124 115 102 115  80 132 81 100 99 79 96  c)  Key entry operators  Payroll clerks I  II  89 92 97 110 121 86 87 75 78 79 63 73 77 82  107 128 124 143 157 100 107 96 91 102 79 85 89 98  (8) 100 107 121 134 84 93 89 77 93 66 81 80 96  88 113 87 101 100 82 96  108 141 98 127 122 100 121  89 125 87 104 104 83 100  Table A-9. Pay relationships in establishments with paired professional and technical occupations, Detroit, Mich., April 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Computer systems analysts (business)  Occupation for which earnings are compared I  II  III  I  II  100  86  73  130  116  Computer systems analysts Computer systems analysts 117  100  88  146  Computer systems analysts  <■>  I  II  III  131  117  104  126  135  121  147  154  113  Draf ers  Electronics Registered technicians industrial nurses II  III  IV  V  <•>  134  111  102  <•>  177  152  127  116  c)  128  126  143  144 85  II  110  136  113  100  161  145  126  173  153  136  178  194  166  77  69  62  -100  84  72  106  95  79  103  120  104  88  80  o  118  100  84  123  110  94  113  139  115  91  86  97  99  123 85  108 76 87  c)  c)  115 85 92 101 86 59 80  104 78 88 97 84 58 73 88  o  98 110 125  137 104 112  116 86  Computer programmers 86  76  69  140 80 89 (6) 94 58 65 76 106 65 74 86 127 74 83 96 97 56 68 79 52 84 57 (6) 96 60 66 75 113 75 79 90 124 79 86 98 (•> 70 0 (6) 117 69 78 91 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  132  III  Computer data librarians  134  Computer programmers  Computer programmers  Computer operators  Computer programmers (business)  120 81 91 107 89 72 87 110 116 103 101  100  141  71 81 93 0  100  118 132 102 83 96 117 127 171 116  o  73 87 96 o 86  14  100  115 91 77 89 108 113 127 104  80 69  100  120 129 146 125  80  100  o  o  116 119  131 171 172  n  o  114  133  100  99 103 100 93  c)  <*) 76 100  125 138 (6) 115  100  113 (e) 95  100  C) 88  59 79 100 (8) (*) (6) (*) (•)  75 87  I (6)  113 (s) 100  Table A-10.Pay relationships in establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations, Detroit, Mich., April 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Mechanics Carpenters Electricians  Maintenance carpenters.................................................................................... 100 98 Maintenance electricians.......................................................................... 100 102 Maintenance painters...................................................................................... 100 97 Maintenance machinists.................................................................................... 102 100 Maintenance mechanics (machinery)...................................... 102 99 Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)........................................ 101 98 Maintenance pipefitters............................................................................ 100 98 Maintenance sheet-metal workers.................................................................... 100 98 Millwrights.................................................... 100 98 Maintenance trades helpers............................................................... 88 84 Machine-tool operators (toolroom).................................................................... 101 99 Tool and die makers.......................................................................................... 102 100 Stationary engineers................................................................. 104 101 Boiler tenders........................................................................... n o See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  Painters  100 103  Machinists  Pipefitters  Sheet-metal Millwrights workers  T rades helpers  Machinetool operators (toolroom)  Tool and die makers  Stationary engineers  Boiler tenders  (fi) («) (8)  Machinery  Motor vehicles 99 102 99 101  100 102 100 102  100 102 99 101  100 102 99 102  114 119 112 116  99 101 98 100  98 100 97 99  96 99 96 97  100  98 100 98  102  100  98 101 98 100  102  100  100  102  102  102  102  «  100  99  99  c)  101 101 101 101 89 102 103 105  99 98 99 98 86 100 101 103 98  98 99 98 98  100  100  116 115  100 100 87 101 102 103  100  100 100 100  100  100  116  98 98 98 98  (6)  101 102 102  86 101 102 103  100 (8) (*)  99 99 99 99 («)  100 101 101  100 100 100 86 101 102 104  100 100  100  99  (8) («) (K) («) («) (*)  100  103  115  101 101  97 97 98 97 87 99 99  (*)  o  c)  o  c)  o  o  101 97  100 o  (8) 100  c)  o  100  (6)  («)  102  Table A-11.Pay relationships in establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations, Detroit, Mich., April 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Truckdrivers Light truck  Medium truck  Heavy truck  Tractortrailer  Truckdrivers, light truck........................................... 100 c) o o Truckdrivers, medium truck...................................... 100 c) o « Truckdrivers, heavy truck......................................... o 100 c) 99 Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer....................................... o o 101 100 Shippers................................................................... <•> 88 (') 98 Receivers................................................................. o 92 (*) o Shippers and receivers............................................ o 97 (■) 92 Warehousemen.................................................. 91 c> (■) 94 Order fillers ......................................................... 117 75 (•) 93 Shipping packers................................................. c) c) (■) 90 Material handling laborers........................................ 107 o 96 93 Forklift operators ................................................... 143 95 o 95 Power-truck operators (other than forklift)................................................ <*) c> « « Guards i .................................................... c) 90 <•> 96 Guards II................................................................ 108 o <•> 68 Janitors, porters, and cleaners................................ 84 89 c) 89 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Shippers  Shippers and receivers  Receivers  Warehouse­ Order fillers men  Shipping packers  Material handling laborers  Forklift operators  c) 114 (*) 102 100 99 o 95 99 o 98 96  100  (8) 103 (8) 109 o c)  (■) 100 100 (*) (■) (*)  111 101 100 100 101  100  86 133 (8) 108 102 100 99 101  99 c) 99 100  100  (8) (6) (8) 111 (8) (8) 100 (8) 100  100 103 101  100  94 (8) 104 108 102 (8) 100 101 97 100  100 101  100  70 105 (8) 105 104 (8) 99 100 99 99 99  101  100  o 93 <■> 93  (•) (*) 101 (•)  (•) 105 c) 97  c) 95 123 96  99 105 o 96  (*) (■) (8) 97  (8) 103 79 97  (8) 101 81 96  o 109 (*> <•> 101  100  >  15  110 c) (8) 107 105 100 90  Power-truck operators (other than forklift) («) (8) («) (6) (8) (8) (8) (8) 101 (8) o o  Guards I  ii  («) 111 (8) 105 107 («) 95 105 95 («) 97 99  93 (8) («) 146 (8) 99 (s) 82 (8) («) 127 123  100  (8)  (8) (8) (■)  100  (8) 94  (8) (8)  Janitors porters, ar cleaners 119 113 113 107 (6) 104 104 104 103 103 104  100  (8) 106 114  88  100  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Detroit, Mich., April 1981  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (standard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  7,409 4,482 2,927  39.5 40.0 39.0  395.00 424.50 350.50  403.50 422.00 352.00  340.00- 459.00 376.00- 474.00 278.00- 428.00  197  39.5  277.00  255.00  237.00- 308.00  1,726 1,123  39.5 39.0  337.50 324.00  352.00 335.00  276.50- 383.00 261.00- 369.50  120 and under 140  140  160 180  160  200  500  540  580  620  10  591 426 165  717 558 159  696 414 282  582 380 202  1060 832 228  402 346 56  236 225 11  105 101 4  2  2  16  37  47  22  14  23  4  2  _  24  _  2  _  2  _  -  -  9 9  83 81  89 76  154 108  108 93  110 79  91 71  72 54  334 213  227 113  92 29  108 44  135 98  104 51  6 4  3  1  _  -  -  -  -  161 104 57 2  182 138 44 8  183 162 21 2  327 275 52 6  443 381 62 1  337 203 134 2  292 230 62  -  -  6 4 2 2  4 4  -  740 633 107 2  _  _  _  8  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  1,700 1,097 603  39.5 40.0 38.0  439.00 463.50 395.00  454.00 485.50 400.50  382.00- 511.50 417.50- 514.50 339.00- 460.00  _  Transportation and utilities.....  453 304 149 56  40.0 40.0 39.5 39.5  468.50 503.00 398.50 421.00  465.00 506.00 378.00 391.50  384.00434.00339.50344.00-  Transportation and utilities.....  1,363 804 229  39.0 38.0 40.0  345.00 343.50 372.00  358.00 394.50 394.50  303.00- 411.00 252.00- 416.00 336.00- 411.00  434 116 318 145  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  293.50 307.00 288.50 371.50  279.50 307.00 248.00 396.50  221.00279.50207.50330.00-  385.00 332.00 394.50 411.00  929 486  38.5 37.0  369.00 379.50  373.50 415.50  335.50- 415.50 345.50- 419.50  8  8 2 6  21 4 17  -  -  -  _  _  4  8  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  4  8  _  -  -  -  -  4  32 9 23 2  88 24 64  108 57 51  103 40 63  -  “  “  130 53 77 2  15 5 10  26 5 21  33 7 26  27 7 20  33 14 19  80 34 46  109 72 37  76 43 33  106 31 75  126 83 43  147 105 42  142 60 82  240 144 96  345 308 37  180 176 4  3 3  7  8  2  21 7 14 8  37 16 21 7  39 30 9 4  10 2 8  69 50 19 13  34 15 19 11  49 44 5 1  98 94 4  -  27 22 5 2  25 20 5  -  16 2 14 8  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  “  7 2 5 2  _  _  _  _  13 13  -  -  64 61 3  44 35 3  65 61 3  55 27 6  46 25 7  75 25 12  165 46 26  136 19 15  116 23 11  96 41 39  343 308 93  95 81 10  11 1  -  39 38 1  “  '  '  '  _  _  13  -  -  39 1 38 1  50 3 47 3  34 8 26 3  50 4 46 3  37 27 10 4  17 8 9 6  27 17 10 10  36 23 13 11  14 9 5 3  5 5  64 3 61  12 2 10  -  “  -  -  -  36 6 30  “ “  _  _  _  10 9  15 15  18 17  29 16  48 15  129 33  122 14  111 23  60 11  279 247  83 71  11 1  “  ~  -  -  14 14  -  -  _  -  2  _  _  -  -  -  “  -  -  -  ■  ~  -  -  10 1  5 5  11 11 “  -  -  -  ~ “  ~  39.5 39.5  224.00 195.50  193.50 193.50  177.00- 220.00 170.00- 200.00  1,360 282 1,078 170  39.0 39.5 39.0 39.5  260.50 330.50 242.00 318.00  213.00 329.00 200.00 310.50  184.00305.00180.00286.00-  695 114 581  39.5 39.5 40.0  208.00 296.00 191.00  188.00 315.50 184.00  170.00- 215.50 237.50- 332.00 165.50- 200.00  -  -  “  61  -  -  -  61  -  -  _  61  -  -  61  13  -  -  -  -  -  8  36 36  42 42  17 13  8 8  3 3  .  _  -  -  -  208 2 206 2  278 13 265 5  165 14 151 7  62 5 57 5  36 15 21 5  21 6 15 12  47 13 34 33  63 35 28 28  88 62 26 22  52 38 14 5  20 17 3 2  26 13 13 13  197 14 183 31  20 19  173 2 171  211 13 198  87 10 77  33 4 29  19 13 6  6 1 5  23 5 18  25 19 6  27 22 5  8 6 2  4 3 1  5 4 1  3 3  10 9  -  “ “  ~  -  _ -  -  “ ”  11 11 “  51 51 3  64 60 7  29 28 5  17 15 5  15 10 7  24 16 16  38 22 22  61 21 17  44 12 3  16 2 2  21 12 12  194 183 31  10  5  11  -  -  -  3  7 1  3 1  17  4 2  1  5 1  5 2  ~  —  1 1  1 1  38.5 38.0 39.0  326.00 315.50 327.00  338.50 321.00 318.50  709 661  39.5 39.5  180.00 169.00  165.00 164.00  154.00- 183.00 152.00- 180.00  29 29  220 220  242 242  120 120  38 38  7 1  2 2  6 2  450 444  39.5 39.5  161.00 160.00  156.00 156.00  150.00- 166.00 150.00- 166.00  28 28  215 215  162 162  28 28  6 6  6  .  2 2  184.00 180.00  172.00- 204.00 170.00- 190.00  1 1  5  -  18 4  611 443 130  210.50 183.00  -  2  1  232.50- 406.50 214.00- 406.50 287.50- 395.00  40.0 40.0 |  -  7  4  137 107  232 194  “ '  -  76 76  82 82 |  26 26  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  260  460  531 343 188  _  Nonmanufacturing.....................  -  440  654 341 313  457.50 465.50 434.00 387.00  Transportation and utilities....  -  420  400  344 158 186  351.50379.00295.00349.50-  Transportation and utilities.....  -  400  380  279 87 192  409.50 415.50 375.50 373.00  336.50 364.00 299.00 387.50  -  380  360  268 80 188  398.50 411.50 363.50 378.00  Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  580  -  360  340  320  283 79 204  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.5  557.50 588.00 488.00 491.00  540  -  340  300  323 77 246  -  •  500  -  320  173 27 146  10  _  3,173 2,323 850 29  Transportation and utilities.....  460  -  300  280  132 6 126  _  _  -  440  -  280  260  23 2 21  .  _  240  220  420  -  240  220  200  180  16  1 1  2 2  -  3  6  2  -  1 1 17  3 1  ”  -  _  ”  -  -  -  -  . -  -  ~  “  ...  1  4  '  -  3 ”  J------  —  I  -  L  -  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Detroit, Mich., April 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  Messengers..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  296 87 209  39.5 40.0 39.0  218.50 258.00 202.00  186.00 233.00 180.00  166.00- 265.00 190.00- 354.50 159.00- 208.00  Switchboard operators.................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  297 118 179 32  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  282.00 357.50 232.50 341.50  261.00 365.00 190.00 377.50  174.00306.00173.50288.50-  Switchboard operatorreceptionists.................................  76  39.5  261.00  Order clerks..................................... Nonmanufacturing......................  98 56  38.0 37.0  Order clerks I...............................  60  Accounting clerks............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  120 and under 140  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  500  540  580  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  500  540  580  620  10  49 5 44  57 11 46  68 17 51  17 5 12  13 10 3  377.50 420.50 264.50 389.00  6  2  68  11  6  2  68  27 7 20  -  -  -  -  11 2  15 3 12  250.50  200.50- 325.00  -  3  2  14  298.50 219.00  227.00 173.50  173.50- 451.00 156.00- 198.50  10 10  6 6  16 16  37.0  206.00  174.50  158.50- 224.00  10  6  2,037 907 1,130  39.5 40.0 39.0  303.00 366.50 252.50  285.50 222.00- 388.00 389.00 286.50- 454.50 237.00 202.00- 304.00  25  29  25  29  Accounting clerks I...................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  852 225 627  39.0 39.5 38.5  235.00 262.50 225.50  222.00 240.50 216.00  25  29  25  Accounting clerks II..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  678 200 478  39.0 40.0 39.0  293.00 329.50 277.50  283.00 238.00- 325.00 315.00 249.50- 396.00 267.50 233.00- 325.00  Payroll clerks................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  295 157 138  39.5 40.0 39.0  294.50 347.00 235.50  259.00 343.50 228.00  222.00- 389.50 250.00- 438.00 192.50- 260.50  Key entry operators........................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,562 448 1,114 239  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.5  296.00 363.00 269.50 329.50  264.00 373.50 234.00 389.00  211.50330.00200.00253.00-  395.00 423.00 370.00 395.00  Key entry operators I................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  827 191 636 113  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.0  252.00 326.50 229.50 298.50  220.00 354.50 207.00 303.00  193.50304.00187.50200.00-  326.50 373.50 236.50 389.00  Key entry operators II.................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  735 257 478  39.5 40.0 39.0  346.00 390.00 322.50  392.50 413.50 285.50  247.00- 419.50 351.50- 451.50 244.00- 408.50  .  194.50- 267.00 206.00- 303.50 192.00- 267.00  10  _ 6  27 6 21  4 4 -  -  -  19 7 12 2  13 5 8 3  8 4 4 2  2  12  13  1  2  10 10  2 2  7 1  -  -  16  10  2  7  -  73 2 71  168 39 129  169 30 139  247 60 187  29  69 2 67  142 39 103  129 24 105  _  _  4  26  -  -  4  _ -  5 5 2  27 27  9 5 4 3  10 10 -  7 3 4 1  4  14  -  2  162 68 94  142 42 100  26  40 6 34  16 4 12  32 10 22  132 4 128 13  6  7  2  6  7  2  -  30 24 6 6  24 11 13 13  8 8  23 15 8  17 16 1  1  7  1  -  4 -  -  2 1  -  -  -  -  128 25 103  78 28 50  141 29 112  164 42 122  68 37 31  66 12 54  31 12 19  91 4 87  105 18 87  94 31 63  62 13 49  45 14 31  18 3 15  44 11 33  33 17 16  29 13 16  154 13 141 14  163 13 150 12  177 18 159 8  133 19 114 14  132 4 128 13  150 13 137 14  128 6 122 8  99 9 90 2  _  4  35 7 28  78 9 69  _ -  2  _  2  -  2  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  6  2 1 1  -  4  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  17  _  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3 2  2 1  12 4  21 3  -  1  -  1  1  2  2  -  78 68 10  46 33 13  63 63  91 79 12  84 76 8  76 61 15  211 200 11  4 4  19 16 3  12 12  10 10  5 2 3  2 2  3 3  3 3  -  6 5 1  45 20 25  133 14 119  30 20 10  17 5 12  10 10  24 20 4  12 7 5  10 1 9  18 18  3 3  9 1 8  5 4 1  13 11 2  10 10  11 8 3  14 13 1  14 13 1  10 9 1  27  3 3  -  2 1 1  65 8 57 9  37 6 31 15  32 12 20 15  55 36 19 9  55 45 10 2  118 85 33 2  140 39 101 96  125 31 94 23  62 37 25 7  78 49 29  34 33 1  18 3 15 2  31 6 25 5  18 4 14 5  26 8 18 15  45 28 17 9  24 20 4 2  104 76 28 2  25 8 17 17  22 3 19 19  2 2  1 1  -  -  115 16 99  34 2 32  19 2 17  6 4 2  10 8 2  31 25 6  14 9 5  115 31 84  103 28 75  60 35 25  77 48 29  2  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  34 33 1  -  -  -  -  26 1  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Detroit, Mich., April 1981 Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Average Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  hours' (stand­ ard)  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  200 Under and 200 under 220  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  780  820  240  260  280  300  320  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  780  820  860  Computer systems analysts (business)..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  2,635 1,682 953  39.5 40.0 38.5  565.00 590.50 520.50  571.00 615.00 501.50  465.50- 661.50 503.00- 680.50 417.50- 617.50  -  -  -  -  -  Computer systems analysts (business) I...............................  622  39.5  502.00  529.00  396.00- 592.50  -  -  -  “  -  Computer systems analysts (business) II.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,228 867 361 163  39.5 40.0 39.0 38.5  568.50 591.50 513.50 505.50  597.50 637.00 497.00 501.50  456.50479.50431.50482.00-  673.50 683.00 561.50 534.00  -  -  “  -  “  1 -  Computer systems analysts (business) III............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  785 422 363  39.5 40.0 38.5  610.00 630.50 586.50  617.50 659.00 596.00  513.00- 699.00 513.00- 739.50 514.00- 654.50  -  -  -  -  -  Computer programmers (business).. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,633 631 56  40.0 40.0 40.0  459.50 375.50 388.00  466.50 354.00 365.00  376.00- 540.50 308.00- 443.50 329.00- 460.00  -  ■  -  52 43  48 48  _  “  “  281.00- 444.00 390.50- 465.50 268.00- 328.00  ■  -  -  48 9 39  43  -  •  3 2 1  17 13 4  9 6 3  123 62 61  258 85 173  202 104 98  266 141 125  250 141 109  240 154 86  226 168 58  370 270 100  289 208 81  265 222 43  64 57 7  47 45 2  2  16  9  70  117  29  33  58  108  83  83  14  -  _  ”  1  1 1  53 26 27 1  120 73 47 13  137 89 48 16  126 61 65 45  91 28 63 56  58 29 29 19  85 74 11 2  184 168 16 7  182 154 28 4  187 164 23  3  -  -  “  ■  -  ~  ~  -  ~  21 4 17  36 13 23  107 72 35  101 59 42  74 23 51  58 17 41  103 26 77  93 44 49  78 58 20  61 57 4  47 45 2  6 4 2  53 45 5  53 50 5  75 67 8  138 118 18  141 81 2  196 57 4  257 47 6  206 38 6  187 21 2  125 12  66 3  22 1  14  -  ■  ■  43  42 4 38  32 1 31  23 4 19  30 13 17  44 33 11  63 53 10  58 55 3  13 13  1 1  ~  "  '  "  '  ‘  -  ~  - . -  3  -  -  _  6 4 2  Computer programmers (business) I............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  397 186 211  40.0 40.0 40.0  362.50 427.00 306.00  354.00 442.50 290.00  Computer programmers (business) II.............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  665 278  40.0 40.0  443.50 390.50  456.00 376.00  384.00- 496.00 340.00- 442.50  -  *  “  4 4  5 5  11 7  16 14  35 33  85 78  82 55  108 35  165 27  91 8  45 6  18 6  ~  -  “  '  -'  "  Computer programmers (business) III............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  571 142  40.0 39.5  545.00 451.00  558.00 462.00  511.50- 601.50 352.00- 527.00  -  -  -  “  ~  -  5 5  17 15  23 23  15 15  25 12  34 17  102 30  141 15  107 6  66 3  22 1  14  '  " '  “  Computer operators......................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,296 779 517 83  40.0 40.0 39.5 39.5  405.00 444.50 346.00 344.00  430.00 470.00 318.00 318.00  302.50386.50272.00281.50-  8 2 6  14 3 11 1  52 20 32 6  70 31 39 11  101 34 67 3  70 13 57 8  70 13 57 16  52 18 34 2  92 48 44 6  93 69 24 3  166 97 69 22  218 181 37 5  150 123 27  106 94 12  34 33 1  -  -  -  “ “  ~ "  “ ”  ■  ■  34 20 14  ■  -  “ ■  ” '  “  “  “  ■  -  67 59 8  -  -  _ -  “ -  -  “ ~  “ -  39 35 4  34 33 1  ■  “ ■  -  -  “  “  357 357  468 468  516 516  494.00 512.50 434.00 430.00  -  _  Computer operators I................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  489 289 200  40.0 40.0 39.5  377.00 405.50 336.00  404.00 435.00 305.00  283.00- 469.50 352.50- 474.50 256.00- 440.00  8 2 6  8 1 7  37 16 21  33 10 23  32 12 20  25 6 19  31 10 21  15 6 9  34 29 5  49 40 9  70 47 23  113 90 23  Computer operators II.................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  568 342 226 41  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  408.00 450.00 344.50 343.50  430.00 480.00 315.00 344.00  300.00405.50270.00249.50-  _ -  6 2 4  15 4 11 6  32 16 16 8  61 21 40 2  25 6 19  29 3 26 4  25 5 20  37 29 8 1  83 46 37 17  79 70 9  -  31 10 21 3  ■  78 71 7 ■  Computer operators III................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  239 148 91  40.0 40.0 39.5  455.50 508.00 370.50  488.00 535.50 348.00  348.00- 548.00 479.00- 570.00 295.00- 434.00  _  _  -  -  ■  5 5  8 1 7  20 1 19  10  ~  10  12 7 5  27 9 18  7 ' 7  13 4 9  26 21 5  38 32 6  Computer data librarians................  123  38.5  331.00  325.00  287.50- 345.50  1  10  5  9  3  5  9  49  6  5  6  10  1  4  1  3  3  1  3  3  11 5 6  8 1 7  22 14 8  44 40 4  113 106 7  181 171 10  239 233 6  247 241 6  254 249 5  352 340 12  Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  2,821 2,743 78  40.0 40.0 40.0  553.50 558.00 389.50  574.50 579.50 377.00  501.50 527.50 430.00 430.00  473.00- 646.50 478.50- 646.50 299.50- 492.50  “  “  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  18  "  '  ~  ~  -  -  2 2  -  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Detroit, Mich., April 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range2  200 Under and 200 under 220  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  780  820  240  260  280  300  320  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  780  820  860  Drafters li..................................... Manufacturing............................  154 154  40.0 40.0  369.00 369.00  368.00 368.00  348.00- 395.00 348.00- 395.00  _ -  _ -  _ -•  _ -  _ -  1 1  12 12  19 19  60 60  51 51  9 9  2 2  •' _  Drafters III.................................... Manufacturing............................  418 403  40.0 40.0  425.50 432.00  435.50 437.00  394.00- 465.50 398.00- 468.00  _ -  1  3  3  -  -  11 5  1  -  -  2 2  21 21  27 26  102 102  122 122  92 92  29 29  Drafters IV.................................... Manufacturing............................  474 451  40.0 40.0  494.00 503.00  504.50 507.50  455.00- 541.00 460.50- 541.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  6  8  4  -  -  -  15 12  19 18  81 80  88 88  Drafters V..................................... Manufacturing............................  1,771 1,731  40.0 40.0  616.00 619.50  628.00 630.00  579.50- 668.50 581.00- 669.00  _ ' -  _ -  _  _ -  _ -  _  _ -  _ -  7 4  9 -  27 22  Electronics technicians.................... Manufacturing............................  71 57  39.5 40.0  498.00 503.50  511.00 511.00  467.50- 511.00 467.50- 511.00  _  _  _  _  _  _  1  -  -  _ -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  4 1  Registered industrial nurses........... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  323 271 52 25  40.0 40.0 39.5 39.0  465.00 474.00 418.00 419.00  471.00 480.50 429.50 428.00  432.50444.00366.50401.50-  _  _  3  1  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  3  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  8 3 5 2  28 22 6 4  26 19 7 5  515.50 523.50 466.00 466.00  _ ■•  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  19  -  -  -  _  4 4  _ -  _  132 132  90 90  31 31  65 59  93 88  258 246  3 2  14 14  39 30  65 52 13 7  89 76 13 7  -  _ -  -  . -  . -  _ -  _ -  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  - _  -  -  . -  -  326 326  468 468  516 516  2 2  _  _  _  -  -  -  10 10  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _  -  -  _ -  81 78 3  22 21 1  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _■  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Detroit, Mich., April 1981 Average (mean*)  Average (mean*) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number Of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Office occupations men  Switchboard operatorreceptionists........................................................ 52  40.0  422.50  Office occupations women 6,646 4,471 Secretaries I.........................................................  39.5 40.0  401.00 424.50  197  39.5  277.00  3,029 2,316 713 27  39.5 40.0  403.00 411.00  39.5  365.00  Secretaries IV.......................................................  1,518 1,094  39.5 40.0  445.50 463.50  Secretaries V....................................................... Manufacturing.....................................................  439 304 135  40.0 40.0 39.5  468.00 503.00 390.00  1,324 766 220  39.0 38.0 40.0  348.00 348.50 377.00  396 116 280 136  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  298.50 307.00 295.00 379.00  928 486  38.5 37.0  369.00 379.50  137 107  39.5 39.5  224.00 195.50  Transcribing-machine typists................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................. Typists...................................................................... Manufacturing.....................................................  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Nonmanufacturing.............................................. i  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  1,268 282 986  39.0 39.5 39.0  263.50 330.50 244.50  645 114 531  39.5 39.5 39.5  210.50 296.00 192.00  569 401  38.5 38.0  331.00 321.50  659 616  39.5 39.5  179.00  410 404  39.5 39.5  161.00 160.00  223 190  40.0 40.0  207.50 182.50  Accounting clerks: Manufacturing............ ....... ................ .  Transportation and utilities.............................  52  40.0  268.00  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  283.50 357.00  29  336.00  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  39.5  257.50  72  37.5  246.00  56  37.0  189.00  672  40.0  339.00  215  39.5  257.50  239 116 123  39.5 40.0 39.0  268.00 309.00 229.50  1,458  Accounting clerks II:  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Nonmai iu factoring.. ..................... ..................... .  1,018  39.5 40.0 39.5  300.00 362.50 273.00  Key entry operators I........................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  768 191 577  39.5 40.0 yy.b  254.00 326.50 230.00  Key entry operators II.......................................... Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  690 249 441  39.5 40.0 39.0  351.00 390.00 329.00  Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts (business): 1,433  40.0  602.00  Computer systems analysts 925 741  40.0 40.0  595.00 604.50  387  40.0  634.50  Computer systems analysts (business) III:  40.0  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  40.0 40.0 40.0  471.50 514.50 382.00  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  2,687 2,612 75  40.0 40.0 40.0  560.50 565.00 390.00  115 115  40.0 40.0  371.00 371.00  365 350  40.0 40.0  427.00 434.50  429  40.0 40.0  496.50 505.00  Drafters V............................................................. Manufacturing....................................................  1,758 1,718  40.0 40.0  616.50 620.00  Electronics technicians...........................................  70 57  39.5 40.0  499.50 503.50  239  40.0  528.00  116  40.0  522.00  77  40.0  411.00  410 233  39.5 40.0  377.50 396.50  192 112  40.0 40.0  366.00 371.00  106  40.0  415.50  134 131  40.0 40.0  418.00 419.00  53 53  40.0 40.0  415.00 415.00  260 227  40.0 40.0  467.50 471.00  Professional and technical occupations - women Computer systems analysts (business):  Computer systems analysts (business) II:  Computer programmers (business): Computer programmers (business) I: Manufacturing....................................................  416.50  Computer programmers (business) I: Manufacturing.....................................................  109  40.0  438.50  Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  546 299  40.0 40.0  465.00 344.00  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  279 177 102  40.0 40.0 39.5  390.50 427.00 327.00  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  369 236 133  40.0 40.0 40.0  420.00 465.50 339.50  20  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  197 133 64  Computer programmers (business): Nonmanufacturing: 32  Number of workers  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Drafters III............................................................ Manufacturing....................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  73  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Accounting clerks I:  Messengers: 275 116  Number of workers  Average (mean*)  Manufacturing....................................................  Drafters....................................................................  Manufacturing.....................................................  Table A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Detroit, Mich., April 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  of workers  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Transportation and utilities.....  535 456 79 33  11.95 12.19 10.58 10.03  12.50 12.50 10.11 9.76  12.00-12.54 12.16-12.54 9.76-11.03 9.76-10.11  Transportation and utilities.....  3,458 3,345 113 32  12.60 12.64 11.42 10.80  12.75 12.75 11.36 10.62  12.60-12.83 12.75-12.83 10.61-12.75 10.60-10.88  489 434 55  12.17 12.26 11.39  12.49 11.95-12.50 12.49 12.49-12.50 10.85 10.68-12.50  Transportation and utilities.....  594 507 87 87  12.08 12.32 10.68 10.68  12.09 12.11 10.69 10.69  12.09-12.63 12.09-12.65 10.60-10.86 10.60-10.86  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 7.40 and under 7.60  7.60  7.80  8.00  8.20  8.40  8.60  8.80  9.00  9.20  9.40  9.60  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.40  11.80  12.20  12.60  13.00  13.40  7.80  8.00  8.20  8.40  8.60  8.80  9.00  9.20  9.40  9.60  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.40  11.80  12.20  12.60  13.00  13.40  13.80  12 12 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  4  28  -  9  “  19  -  19 19  -  2 ~  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  12 12 -  -  -  20 20  30 30  -  -  -  -  7 7  96  -  -  39 30 9 9  2 2  67 67  2  -  6  ~ ~  “  ~  -  18 1  14 10 4 4  9 9  39 12 27 25  29 14 15 2  1  22  1  22  1  61 12 49 49  _  ■ 2  -  ■ -  22 20 2  18  105 97 8  311 303 8  -  -  49 44 5 5  85 85  502 481 21  2461 2433 28  12 12  2 2 -  336 325 11  -  13 9 4  4  -  71 66 5  4  -  2 2 2  19 2 17 17  211 211  19 19  159 159  -  -  * 67 67  _  _  _  _  38 38  -  47 47  345 341  83 83  2595 2588  -  124 124  -  105  20 10 10 1  40 2 38 36  187 168 19  988 807 181 70  12  24  12 12  24 24  :  21 21  462 455  1594 1584  -  -  -  6  “  33 33  18  26  35 16 19 18  27 16 11  ~  60 60  -  10 6  _  27 27  ~  6 2  11 10  16 5  64 64  362 362  -  26 26  494 481  2888 2840  1 1  1 1  5 4 1  -  1  1  1  1  176 176 “  -  43 25 18 18  " ~  13.80 and over  -  :  Maintenance mechanics 3,457 3,428  12.42 12.43  12.75 12.65-12.83 12.75 12.65-12.83  1,535 1,090 445 280  12.06 12.21 11.68 11.41  12.54 12.54 12.00 11.42  2,336 2,304  12.35 12.37  12.54 12.00-12.58 12.54 12.23-12.58  472 450  12.31 12.38  12.54 12.54-12.54 12.54 12.54-12.54  -  Maintenance mechanics  Transportation and utilities.....  Maintenance sheet-metal workers...  3,667 3,606  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)...  12.46 12.46  12.54 12.30-12.58 12.54 12.30-12.58  234  10.72  10.66 10.27-10.66  1,898 1,898  12.44 12.44  12.63 12.63-12.65 12.63 12.63-12.65  4,240 4,239  Nonmanufacturing......................  12.00-12.58 12.38-12.58 10.65-12.58 10.65-12.48  506 423 83  12.61 12.61 12.37 12.46 11.93  15 15 -  8 8 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  26 26  _ -  -  -  -  -  4  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  72 72  -  12 12  15 15 -  -  ■  8 8 -  -  -  _  21  _  -  105 93  “  -  -  6  ~  ~  ~ ~  30 30  ; “  4 4  12  88  84 -  “  Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  12 12  20  12.77 12.29-12.83 12.77 12.29-12.83 12.75 12.49-12.83 12.75 12.54-12.83 11.18 0.94-13.58  10 10  -  _  -  152 152  -  3 3  ' _ -  _ -  . -  9 9  -  196 196  -  -  -  50  -  -  -  -  -  2 2  30 30  130 130  180 180  1476 1476  8 8  _  -  . -  ~  -  ~  ”  “  _~  " **  ~  ~  ” ~  2 2  -  40 40  5 4  1440 1440  2741 2741  -  -  -  -  "  “ :  21  24  77 73 4  246 242 4  46 22 24  16 16  24  34 31 3  3 3  21  9 6 1  _  _  1  1  1  "  Table A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Detroit, Mich., April 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  3,091 1,751 1,340  10.74 10.29 11.33  10.90 9.81-11.85 10.08 9.30-11.72 12.08 0.71-12.08  149 118  8.08 7.89  8.34 8.00- 8.59 8.34 7.80- 8.59  1,458 1,015 443  10.82 10.45 11.68  11.72 10.08-11.74 10.36 10.08-11.72 11.83 11.75-11.90  355  10.91  10.90 10.81-10.90  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 4.00 Under and 4.00 under 4.40  _  _  4.40  5.20  4.80 5.20  4.80  6.00  5.60  7.60  8.40  8.00 8.40  8.00  9.20  8.80  10.00  9.60 10.00  9.60  10.40  10.40  10.80  11.20  11.60  12.00  10.80  11.20  11.60  12.00  12.40 618  “  618  123 31 92  “  "  ”  _  21 21  3  92  -  677: 421 256  " 3  * 92  8  15  -  -  379 91  “  “  -  -  -  “  1  “  1  2  4  8  1  2  4  8  4 4  6  1  6  1  27 25 2  T4 12 2  52 15 37  220 170 50  29 25 4  273 231 42  227 183 44  413 370 43  148 30 118  222 217 5  21 21  1 1  1 1  2 2  4 4  8 8  4 4  6 6  1 1  2 2  2 2  52 37  46 41  1 1  -  19 8  -  -  -  _ -  _  -  _ -  25 25  12 12  165 165  25 5 20  301 293 8  77 13 64  29 29  -  -  31 31  -  -  -  328  .  .  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  4  9 9  12 12  12 12  12 12  7 7  9 9  19 19  16 12  9 9  10 10  9 1  -  61 51  -  10 7  1  4 4  _  _  -  -  -  18  32 14 18  22 22  4 4 -  117 91 26  2 2  -  28 22 6  75 75  -  _ -  ~  -  _ ”  32 30 2  25 2 23  5 5  397 396 1  -  10 10  8  16  270 2 268  -  16  22 22  -  8  624 243 361  -  -  -  -  -  25  661 465  146 146  68 68  -  -  -  210 210  431  -  28 28  63 63  -  77  312 259  -  -  ~  -  -  -  73 65 8  2  -  374 360 14  1478 1193 285  24 6 18  56  1  “  -  97 97  46 46  117 104 13  -  -  3945 3605 340  -  “  1283 1183 100  86  -  7 5 2  578 264  9.73 8.63  10.81 9.23-10.81 9.23 6.88-10.81  _  3 3  303 234 69  10.20 10.39 9.56  10.71 9.33-10.81 10.71 10.27-10.81 9.12 8.75-10.45  .  _  1  _  -  -  -  -  -  1  -  1,463 726 737  9.50 8.84 10.15  10.11 8.19-10.22 8.19 8.19-10.11 10.22 10.16-10.81  .  1  1  1  22  5  2  -  -  -  -  1  1  1  22  5  2  21 15 6  1,576 1,295  10.63 10.74  10.70 10.53-10.81 10.71 10.53-10.81  .  _  _  _  _  _  5  25  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  5 5  -  -  -  -  -  523 393  10.00 9.91  10.63 9.46-10.65 10.65 9.36-10.65  .  .  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  13 13  -  -  30 30  -  -  2,315 1,776 539  10.04 10.29 9.23  10.63 10.01-10.72 10.63 10.01-10.72 10.63 6.83-10.63  17  18  20  8  11  9  22  -  20  8  11  9  22  31  -  10 10  -  18  34 15 19  31  -  127 127  5,760 5,150 610  10.53 10.50 10.81  10.71 10.18-10.78 10.71 10.16-10.71 10.71 10.71-11.05  .  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  549  10.68  10.66 10.66-11.12  2,801 2,003 798  -  -  -  -  76 76  -  -  28 18 10  18  -  -  -  2  -  -  56  86  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  :  _  _  _  31  8  -  22  347  64  77  9.30 10.57 6.12  10.08 8.51-11.44 11.05 9.28-11.44 4.78 4.53- 7.71  4  117  305  24  2  -  117  24  2  56 4 52  72 34 38  9 4 5  36 2 34  71 32 39  72 70 2  432 383 49  112 75 37  63 63  4  305  26 4 22  30  -  8 4 4  118 107 11  289 279 10  955 942 13  2,466 1,895  9.48 10.66  10.55 9.28-11.44 11.12 9.28-11.44  4  117  305  5  2  4  13  -  -  -  4 4  3 2  32 32  70 70  430 383  95 59  33 33  107 107  269 259  955  -  16 4  2  -  335 108 227  7.95 8.99 7.46  7.57 6.88- 8.65 9.83 7.25-10.10 7.48 6.75- 8.15  26 4 22  17  40  5  33  39  2  2  17  30  11  20  -  17  40  70 34 36  5  33  39  2  6,799 3,518 3,281 306 * All workers were at $12.40 to $12.80. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  8.10 9.87 6.21 8.05  9.35 5.40-10.34 10.34 9.90-10.34 5.40 5.28- 6.01 8.29 6.53- 9.58  158 81 77  267 92 175 105  41 8 33  113 112  46  559 506 53  1781 1655 126 26  852 748 104  15  66  15  66  Janitors, porters, and cleaners.......   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _  4 4  19 19  26  105  39  85  26 2  105  39  85  1951 1949  290 40 250 6  22  30  J  27 24  2  103 76 27 27  75 16 59  -  Power-truck operators  12.40 and over  677 421 256  1  .  17  9.20  8.80  _ 1  _  .  7.60  7.20  7.20  6.80  6.40  6.00  5.60  6.80  6.40  -  _  4C 4C  242 166 76 75  4  26  -  Table A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement and custodial workers by sex in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Detroit, Mich., April 1981  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men Maintenance carpenters...................................................... Nonmanufacturing:  479 417  11.98 12.20  33  10.03  3,366 3,267  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)..................................... Manufacturing...........................................  1,894 1,894  12.44 12.44  Tool and die makers..................................................  4,234 4,233  12.61 12.61  488  12.42 12.46  12.61  Transportation and utilities............... ..........................  472 426  12.20 12.27  551  12.04 12.29 10.68 10.68  87 87  Truckdrivers. tractor-trailer............................................... Manufacturing...........................................  2,850 1,692 1,158  10.81 10.27 11.59  1,402 960  10.83 10.43  12.43 12.44  Maintenance mechanics Manufacturing.................................................................  1,334 985 2,212 2,180  Shippers............................................................  326  10.92  Shippers and receivers...................................................  237 194  10.27 10.43  12.13 12.20 12.38 12.40  Manufacturing............................................................... Nonmanufacturing.................................................... Order fillers........................................................  Millwrights........................................................ Manufacturing................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  23  5,602 5,016 586  10.53 10.50 10.81  2,335 1,736 599 54  9.40 10.56 6.05 9.79  2,099 1,640  9.57 10.64  96  9.13  2,539  9.89  362 260  10.43 10.55  Shipping packers................................................ Manufacturing........................................  148 88  9.88 9.59  122  10.07  856  9.88  Janitors, porters, and cleaners: Manufacturing.....................................................  375 305  10.26 10.30  66  10.05 10.01  12.48 12.48  2,021 1,654  Order fillers.......................................................  Material handling laborers:  3,231 3,170  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Material movement and custodial occupations - women  10.70 10.79  12.39  Number of workers  Janitors, porters, and cleaners:  9.48 8.82 10.18  447  Manufacturing...................................................  Guards I................................................ Manufacturing........................................  1,388 717 671 1,197 1,035  See footnotes at end of tables.  Guards..................................................... Manufacturing....................... Nonmanufacturing.................................. Transportation and utilities.......................................  Manufacturing..................................  Maintenance mechanics 3,441 3,412  Forklift operators........................................ Nonmanufacturing.......................  Material movement and custodial occupations - men Maintenance painters.......................................................... Manufacturing.................................................................  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Footnotes 1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—half of the workers receive the same or more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate. 2 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. ‘ Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. 5 Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women. 6 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  24  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  In each of the 71 areas1 currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction and extractive industries are excluded. Small establishments—generally those with fewer than 50 employees—are excluded because they have few incumbents in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey, as well as the number actually studied. ’ Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, minus establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit. Occupations and earnings Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant; and (4) material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  movement and custodial. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are not presented in the Aseries tables because either (1) data were insufficient to provide meaningful statistical results, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men's and women’s earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Most A-series tables provide distributions of workers by earnings; changes in the size of earnings intervals are indicated by heavy vertical lines. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Changes in an occupational average over time reflect, in addition to earnings changes, factors such as changes in proportions of workers employed by high- or lowwage firms, or high-wage workers advancing to better jobs and being replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for individual jobs within the groups. Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establish­ ments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates  Industrial nurses  for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establish­ ments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties  Registered industrial nurses  Skilled maintenance Carpenters Electricians Painters Machinists  performed. . Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially  Mechanics (machinery) Mechanics (motor vehicle) Pipefitters Tool and die makers  Unskilled plant Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Material handling laborers  Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows:  the accuracy of the earnings data. Wage trends for selected occupational groups Indexes in table A-7 measure wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percent increases in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time span between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations are based on the assumption  1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived from earnings in those establishments which are in the survey both years; it is assumed that employment remains unchanged.  that wages increased at a constant rate between surveys. The indexes and percent increases are based on changes in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are adjusted to remove the effects on average earnings of employment shifts among establishments and turnover of establish­ ments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. Occupations used to compute wage trends are:  3. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation s average earnings (computed in step 1) are multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average.  2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the occupational group.  4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The result expressed as a percent—less 100 is the percent change. The index is computed by adding 100 to the most recent percent increase, multiplying the total by the previous year’s index number, and dividing the product by 100 to obtain the current index value. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see “Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes,” Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52­  Office clerical Switchboard operators Order clerks, I and II Accounting clerks, I and II Payroll clerks Key entry operators, I and II  Secretaries Stenographers, I and II Typists, I and II File clerks, I, II, and III Messengers  57. Pay relationships in establishments Tables A-8 through A-l 1 compare average pay of occupations in individual establishments. These comparisons, expressed as pay relatives (pay for one of the occupations equals 100), yield different results than comparisons of overall survey averages, such as those shown in tables A-l through A-6. The latter reflect differences in contributions to the survey averages by establishments with disparate pay levels; the pay relative comparisons are not affected by such differences.  Electronic data processing Computer systems analysts, I, II, and jjj   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers, I, II, and III Computer operators, I, II, and 111  26  The methods of computing and presenting pay relatives have changed since the last survey in this area. The following procedures are now used to compute relatives in tables A-8 through A-11: 1- Establishments employing workers in both of the paired occupations were identified.  Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions (B-series tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected at 3-year intervals. These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B-series tables) in previous bulletins for this area.  2. Pay levels (averages) for the two occupations were weighted by the combined employment of both jobs to reflect each establishments contribution to the totals used in this comparison.  1 Includes 70 areas surveyed under the Bureau's regular program plus Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N.Y., which is surveyed under contract. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administra­ tion of the U.S. Department of Labor.  3. The weighted pay levels of the two jobs were summed separately; each total was divided by the other and the quotients multiplied by 100 to produce the two pay relatives shown for each job pairing.  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Detroit, Mich.,1 April 1981  Industry division*  Minimum employment in establish­ ments in scope of survey  Number of establishments  .  Within scope of survey3  Workers in establishments Within scope of survey4  Studied  Studied  All establishments All divisions.. Manufacturing........................................ Nonmanufacturing................................. Transportation, communication, and other public utilities5........................ Wholesale trade*............................... Retail trade6........................................ Finance, insurance, and real estate*.. Services6 ?..........................................  _  1,436  199  100 -  402 1,034  57 142  348,028 332,512  51 49  269,932 175,355  100 50 100 50 50  81 207 208 186 352  25 21 24 23 49  64,468 36,772 108,041 57,431 65,800  9 5 16  53,871 16,442 64.106 25,046 15,890  -  141  74  485,605  500  54 87  25 49  288,263 197,342  59 41  263.682 159,025  16 4 24 27 16  12 4 14 10 9  54,333 13,892 76,082 37,630 15,405  11  51,547 13,892 61,872 23,129 8,585  445,287  8 10  Large establishments All divisions.. Manufacturing.......................................................................................................... Nonmanufacturing.................................................................................................... Transportation, communication, and other public utilities5................................................. ......................................... Wholesale trade6............................................... ................................................... Retail trade6........................................................................................................... Finance, insurance, and real estate6........................................ ..........,................ Services6 7............................................ .................................................................  -  500 500 500 500 500 1 The Detroit, Mich. Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the . __ _____________ .......... .... February 1974, consists of Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties. The "workers within scope of survey” estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify establishments by industry division. All government operations are excluded from the scope of the survey. 3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of nonmanufacturing companies are considered as one establishment when located within the same industry division.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  .  422,707  3 16 8  3  ---------------;------ ---- ,u,a'cllw'leiinwimin me area) aior aDoveine minimum limitation.  5 Abbreviated to “transportation and utilities” in the A-series tables. Formerly referred to as “public utilities". Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded. Detroit's transit system is municipally operated and is excluded bv definition from the scope of the survey. «Separate data for this division are not presented in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the all industries' and nonmanufacturing" estimates. ’ Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architecture al services.  27  Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau s field representatives are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the job descriptions, are excluded.  d.  Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which are not typical of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assistant, or Executive Assistant:  e.  Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the sections below titled “Level of Supervisor,” e.g., secretary to the president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons;  f.  Trainees.  Classification by level. Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are matched at one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary’s supervisor  Office  within the company’s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the secretary’s  SECRETARY Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and  responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these two factors indicates  highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and an understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the  the level of the secretary for each combination of the factors.  Level ofSecretary's Supervisor (LS)  work of the supervisor. LS-1  Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled “secretary” possess the above characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows. a.  Positions which do not meet the “personal” secretary concept described  a.  above; b.  Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;  c.  Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional,  b.  technical, or managerial persons;   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  28  Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)  LS-2 a-  b-  Level ofSecretary's Responsibility (LR) Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for LS-3, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.  This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched at LR-1 or LR-2 described below according to their level of responsibility. LR-1 Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most of the following:  LS-3 a. b.  c-  de.  aAnswers telephones, greets personal callers, and opens incoming mail. b. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers. May reply to requests by sending a form letter. cReviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to ensure procedural and typographical accura­ cyd. Maintains supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed. eTypes, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, oper­ ations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  LR-2 Performs duties described under LR-1 and, in addition performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions including or compara­ ble to most of the following: ab.  LS-4 ab.  c.  c.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  d.  e.  The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each LS and LR combination:  NOTE: The term “corporate officer” used in the above LS definition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title “vice president,” though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibili­ ty is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be “corporate officers” for purposes of applying the definition.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can be handled by the supervisor’s subordinates or other offices. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of office procedures or collection of information from files or other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or supervisor’s name. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis of general instructions. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Assembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings. Makes arrange­ ments for meetings and conferences. Explains supervisor’s requirements to other employees in supervisor’s unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)  ls-1...............................................................  LS-2.............................................................. LS-3.............................................................. LS-4..............................................................  29  LR-1  i ii hi  iv  LR-2 n in iv V  STENOGRAPHER . Primary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-machine typist). NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs more responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition. Stenographer I . . Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. Stenographer II Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briets or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.,  OR  . . Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than Stenographer I, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing steno­ graphic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow-up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved with shorthand dictation.) TYPIST Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail. Typist I , , , . Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts, or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly. Typist II . . . , Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling,   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances. FILE CLERK w , Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: File Clerk I L Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. File Clerk II u Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross­ reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. File Clerk III Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks. MESSENGER _ Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor ottice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker’s time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard operatorreceptionist. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator see Switchboard operator—and as a receptionist. Receptionist’s work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor’s business and providing appropriate  information; referring visitor to appropriate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors. ORDER CLERK Receives written or verbal customers’ purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or salespeople. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order.  Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchan­ dise as an integral part of the job. Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions:  ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes. Accounting Clerk II Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerically processing compli­ cated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or more level I accounting clerks. PAYROLL CLERK Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following: Processing workers’ time or production records; adjusting workers’ records for changes in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings; and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical knowl­ edge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the computer system for processing payrolls.  Order Clerk I Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer’s manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item. Order Clerk II Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment’s product lines will satisfy the customer’s needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations.  KEY ENTRY OPERATOR Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  ACCOUNTING CLERK Performs one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system. The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the worker typically becomes familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  Key Entry Operator II Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for level I.  Accounting Clerk I Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized proce­ dures, performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to  NOTE: Excluded are operators above level II using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Key Entry Operator I Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information.  31  Professional and Technical COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifica­ tions needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following-. Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine  Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment. May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist. COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program­ mer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following-. Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathemat­ ics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:  their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows: Computer Systems Analyst I Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifica­ tions required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst.  Computer Programmer I Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures.  Computer Systems Analyst II Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining invento­ ry accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied. OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for level III. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system.  Computer Programmer II Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations. OR Works on complex programs (as described for level III) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction. May guide or instruct lower level programmers.  Computer Systems Analyst III Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involv­ ing all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate follow-up actions are initiated by the computer.)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  32  Computer Programmer III Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products. At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist.  Computer Operator II In addition to established production runs, work assignments include runs involving new programs, applications, and procedures (i.e., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems). At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may deviate from standard proce­ dures when standard procedures fail if deviation does not materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Refers the problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a solution. May guide lower level operators. Computer Operator III In addition to work assignments described for Computer operator II (see above) the work of Computer operator III involves at least one of the following:  COMPUTER OPERATOR In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by either serial processing (processes one program at a time) or multiprocessing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following duties characterize the work of a computer operator: a. b. cdefg-  ab. c. d-  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed. Loads equipment with required items (tapes, cards, disks, paper, etc.). Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system. Starts and operates computer. Responds to operating and computer output instructions. Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems. Maintains operating record.  An operator at this level typically guides lower level operators. PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR Operates peripheral equipment which directly supports digital computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically connected to a computer. Printers, plotters, card read/punches, tape readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units are examples of such equipment. The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment operator:  May test-run new or modified programs. May assist in modifying systems or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer operators, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals. For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:  a-  Computer Operator I Work assignments are limited to established production runs (i.e., programs which present few operating problems). Assignments may consist primarily of on-the-job training (sometimes augmented by classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of information or to conserve computer time even though the procedures applied materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Tests new programs, applications, and procedures. Advises programmers and subject-matter experts on setup techniques. Assists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems).  b. c. d. ef-  33  Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting controls for forms, thickness, tension, printing density, and location; and unloading hard copy. Labeling tape reels, disks, or card decks. Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape reels or disks on specified units or drives. Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment. Observing panel lights for warnings and error indications and taking appropriate action. Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears, or other defects which could cause processing problems.  This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a control console (see Computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose duties are limited to operating decollaters, bursters, separators, or similar equipment. COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging, and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs to  Drafter III .... Prepares various drawings of parts and assemblies, including sectional profiles, irregular or reverse curves, hidden lines, and small or intricate details. Work requires use of most of the conventional drafting techniques and a working knowledge of the terms and procedures of the industry. Familiar or recurring work is assigned in general terms; unfamiliar assignments include information on methods, procedures, sources of information, and precedents to be followed. Simple revisions to existing drawings may be assigned with a verbal explanation of the desired results; more complex revisions are produced from sketches which clearly depict the desired product. Drafter IV Prepares complete sets of complex drawings which include multiple views, detail drawings, and assembly drawings. Drawings include complex design features that require considerable drafting skill to visualize and portray. Assignments regularly require the use of mathematical formulas to compute weights, load capacities, dimensions, quantities of materials, etc. Working from sketches and verbal information supplied by an engineer or designer, determines the most appropriate views, detail drawings, and supplementary information needed to complete assignments. Selects required information from precedents, manufacturers’ catalogs, and technical guides. Independently resolves most of the problems encountered. Supervisor or designer may suggest methods of approach or provide advice on unusually difficult problems.  damaged tapes. DRAFTER Performs drafting work requiring knowledge and skill in drafting methods, proce­ dures. and techniques. Prepares drawings of structures, mechanical and electrical equipment, piping and duct systems and other similar equipment, systems, and assemblies. Uses recognized systems of symbols, legends, shadings, and lines having specific meanings in drawings. Drawings are used to communicate engineering ideas, designs, and information in support of engineering functions. The following are excluded when they constitute the primary purpose of the job: a. b. c. d. e.  NOTE: Exclude drafters performing work of similar difficulty to that described at this level but who provide support for a variety of organizations which have widely differing functions or requirements.  Design work requiring the technical knowledge, skill, and ability to conceive or originate designs; Illustrating work requiring artistic ability; Work involving the preparation of charts, diagrams, room arrangements, floor plans, etc.; Cartographic work involving the preparation of maps or plats and related materials, and drawings of geological structures; and Supervisory work involving the management of a drafting program or the supervision of drafters.  Drafter V Works closely with design originators, preparing drawings of unusual, complex or original designs which require a high degree of precision. Performs unusually difficult assignments requiring considerable initiative, resourcefulness, and drafting expertise. Assures that anticipated problems in manufacture, assembly, installation, and operation are resolved by the drawings produced. Exercises independent judgment in selecting and interpreting data based on a knowledge of the design intent. Although working primarily as a drafter, may occasionally perform engineering design work in interpre­ ting general designs prepared by others or in completing missing design details. May provide advice and guidance to lower level drafters or serve as coordinator and planner for large and complex drafting projects.  Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Drafter I , . Working under close supervision, traces or copies finished drawings, making clearly indicated revisions. Uses appropriate templates to draw curved lines. Assignments are designed to develop increasing skill in various drafting techniques. Work is spotchecked during progress and reviewed upon completion.  ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical applica­ tion of technical knowledge of electronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition. The equipment—consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit—includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, tele­ phone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment.  NOTE: Exclude drafters performing elementary tasks while receiving training in the most basic drafting methods. Drafter II . Prepares drawings of simple, easily visualized parts of equipment from sketches or marked-up prints. Selects appropriate templates and other equipment needed to complete assignments. Drawings fit familiar patterns and present few technical problems. Supervisor provides detailed instructions on new assignments, gives guid­ ance when questions arise, and reviews completed work for accuracy.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  34  This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic equipment as common office machines and household radio and television sets; production assemb­ lers and testers; workers whose primary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional engineers. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination ofthefollowing-. Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than one nurse are excluded.  Electronics Technician I Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved.  Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant MAINTENANCE CARPENTER Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  Electronics Technician II Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the level III technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.  MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, control­ lers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  Electronics Technician III Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed under­ standing of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in performing such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators). Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.  MAINTENANCE PAINTER Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following-. Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises  MAINTENANCE MACHINIST Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  35  following-. Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY) Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­ ship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines. MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE) Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers vehicles in automobile repair shops. MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER J . _ . Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­ cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building  sanitation or heating systems are excluded. MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheetmetal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MILLWRIGHT Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out work; interpreting blueprints or other specifica­ tions; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER . Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM) Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool (e g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be  required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through considerable on-thejob training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include machinetool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing shops. TOOL AND DIE MAKER Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to complete tasks; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers). STATIONARY ENGINEER Operates and maintains one or more systems which provide an establishment with such services as heat, air-conditioning (cool, humidify, dehumidify, filter, and circulate air), refrigeration, steam or high-temperature water, or electricity. Duties involve: Observing and interpreting readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of the system’s operation; adjusting controls to insure safe and efficient operation of the system and to meet demands for the service provided; recording in logs various aspects of the system’s operation; keeping the engines, machinery, and equipment of the system in good working order. May direct and coordinate activities of other workers (not stationary engineers) in performing tasks directly related to operating and maintaining the system or systems. The classification excludes head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer; workers required to be skilled in the repair of electronic control equipment; and workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale. BOILER TENDER Tends one or more boilers to produce steam or high-temperature water for use in an establishment. Fires boiler. Observes and interprets readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of boiler operation. Adjusts controls to insure safe and efficient boiler operation and to meet demands for steam or high-temperature water. May also do one or more of the following: Maintain a log in which various aspects of boiler operation are recorded; clean, oil, make minor repairs or assist in   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  repairs to boilerroom equipment; and, following prescribed methods, treat boiler water with chemicals and analyze boiler water for such things as acidity, causticity, and alkalinity. The classification excludes workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.  Material Movement and Custodial TRUCKDRIVER Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows:  Truckdriver, light truck (straight truck, under 1 1/2 tons, usually 4 wheels)  Truckdriver, medium truck (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels)  Truckdriver, heavy truck (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels)  Truckdriver, tractor-trailer SHIPPER AND RECEIVER Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonrou­ tine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received. Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading. Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying the correct­ ness of incoming shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:  Shipper Receiver Shipper and receiver  «  For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows:  WAREHOUSEMAN As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most of the following-. Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrep­ ancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see Shipper and receiver and Shipping packer), order filling (see Order filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-truck operator).  Forklift operator Power-truck operator (other than forklift) GUARD Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. Guards employed by establishments which provide protective services on a contract basis are included in this occupation. For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows:  ORDER FILLER Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.  Guard I Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which require minimal action to safeguard property or persons. Duties require minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate proficiency in the use of firearms or special weapons.  SHIPPING PACKER Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following-. Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who  Guard II Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical fitness and proficiency with  also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded. MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establish­ ment whose duties involve one or more of the following-. Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.  firearms or other special weapons. JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following-. Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in  Longshore workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded. POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or  window washing are excluded.  other establishment.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  38  Appendix C. Job Conversion Table  Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are identified by numeric instead of alphabetic designations. A conversion table for the affected occupations follows: Numeric Alphabetic Occupation designation designation (currently used) (previously used) Secretary..................................... ........... 1 E II D III C IV B V A Stenographer............................... ..........  I II  General Senior  Typist.......................................... ..........  I II  B A  II III  C B A  I II  B A  II  B A  1 II  B A   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmer (business)  Numeric designation (currently used) II III  Alphabetic designation (previously used) C B A  I II III  C B A  I  C B A  I  II III Drafter  I  II III IVV Electronics technician  Accounting clerk.........................  Key entry operator......................  Computer systems analyst (business)  Computer operator  File clerk...................................  Order clerk.................................. ..........  Occupation  I  II III Guard  I  II  39  E D C B A C B A B A  Area Wage Survey Summaries The following areas are surveyed pe­ riodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Survey results are published in summaries which are available, at no cost, while supplies last from any of the BLS region­ al offices shown on the back cover. Alaska (statewide) Albany, Ga. Albuquerque, N. Mex. Alexandria-Leesville, La. Alpena-Standish-Tawas City, Mich. Ann Arbor, Mich. Antelope Valley, Calif. Asheville, N.C. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Ga.-S.C. Austin, Tex. Bakersfield, Calif. Baton Rouge, La. Battle Creek, Mich. Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange and Lake Charles, Tex.-La. Biloxi-Gulfport and PascagoulaMoss Point, Miss. Binghamton, N.Y. Birmingham, Ala. Bloomington-Vincennes, Ind. Bremerton-Shelton, Wash. Brunswick, Ga. Cedar Rapids, Iowa Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, 111. Charleston-North CharlestonWalterboro, S.C. Charlotte-Gastonia, N.C. Cheyenne, Wyo. Clarksville-Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky. Colorado Springs, Colo. Columbia-Sumter, S.C.  Columbus, Ga.-Ala. Columbus, Miss. Connecticut (statewide) Decatur, 111. Des Moines, Iowa Dothan, Ala. Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis. El Paso-Alamogordo-Las Cruces, Tex.-N. Mex. Eugene-Springfield-Medford, Oreg. Fayetteville, N.C. Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood and West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, Fla. Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla. Fort Wayne, Ind. Frederick-HagerstownChambersburg, Md.-Pa. Gadsden and Anniston, Ala. Goldsboro, N.C. Grand Island-Hastings, Nebr. Guam, Territory of Harrisburg-Lebanon, Pa. Knoxville, Tenn. La Crosse-Sparta, Wis. Laredo, Tex. Las Vegas-Tonopah, Nev. Lexington-Fayette, Ky. Lima, Ohio Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. Logansport-Peru, Ind. Lorain-Elyria, Ohio Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.-Del. Macon, Ga. Madison, Wis. Maine (statewide) Mansfield, Ohio McAllen-Pharr-Edinburg and Brownsville-Harlingen- San Benito, Tex. Meridian, Miss.  » U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1981 - 341-265/158   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Counties, N.J. Mobile-Pensacola-Panama City, Ala.Fla. Montana (statewide) Montgomery, Ala. Nashville-Davidson, Tenn. New Bern-Jacksonville, N.C. New Hampshire (statewide) North Dakota (statewide) Northern New York Northwest Texas Orlando, Fla. Oxnard-Simi Valley-Ventura, Calif. Peoria, III. Phoenix, Ariz. Pine Bluff, Ark. Portsmouth-Chillicothe-Gallipolis, Ohio Pueblo, Colo. Puerto Rico Raleigh-Durham, N.C. Reno, Nev. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. Salina, Kans. Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, Calif. Sandusky, Ohio Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Calif. Savannah, Ga. Selma, Ala. Sherman-Denison, Tex. Shreveport, La. South Dakota (statewide) Southeastern Massachusetts Southern Idaho Southwest Virginia Spokane, Wash. Springfield, 111.  Stockton, Calif. Tacoma, Wash. Tampa-St. Petersburg, Fla. Topeka, Kans. Tucson-Douglas, Ariz. Tulsa, Okla. Upper Peninsula, Mich. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Calif. Vermont (statewide) Virgin Islands of the U.S. Waco and Killeen-Temple, Tex. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa West Virginia (statewide) Western and Northern Massachusetts Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus, Tex.Okla. Wilmington, Del., N.J.-Md. Yakima-Richland-KennewickPendleton, Wash.-Oreg.  ALSO AVAILABLE— An annual report on salaries for ac­ countants, auditors, public accountants, chief accountants, attorneys, job ana­ lysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, engineering techni­ cians, drafters, computer operators, and clerical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 2081, National Survey of  Professional, Administrative, Technical and Clerical Pay, March 1980. $4.00 a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402,  Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superininln”1 of Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years 1974 through 1979, is available on request. '  Bulletin number andprice*  Area  Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Sept. 1980'............................................. Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif., Oct. 1980 .. . ............... Atlanta, Ga„ May 1980 ............................................... ........................... Baltimore, Md„ Aug. 1980 ....................... Billings, Mont., July 1980'...................................  300045 :™t  ............................. ..................  Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1980 ......................... ............. Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 1980 ............ Chicago, 111., May 1980'....................................................................................... Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind., July 1980 ............ ......................... Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1980'..................... Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1980 ............................. .!!!!!!...................................... Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex., Dec. 1980'................. i; I;!;;;;  ,,  $2 25 r,™ 5,"  ,£££, Xjcj™ S'”  3^7  Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111., Feb. 1981 tnin 7 Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1980' ............................... ......................... ' 1,' i Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1980' ................ ............................... Denver Boulder, Colo., Dec. 19§0‘ . . ........... ............... 100n fis Detroit, Mich.,^9^ ftyu\. tffct..................... ;;;;;;;;................. Gainesville, Fla. Sept. .980'.............................................................. !!!!  jS-55  ff"  112  Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., Nov. 1980' . . Green Bay, Wis., July 1980 ...................................................‘ Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., Aug. 1980'.............. Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1980 ___  3fwt  3000-50  <ti SI 75 ?s  3000 10  5175  Houston, Tex., Apr. 1980'................................. ..................................................  3XXX'  '  ~75  Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1980..................... Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1981 .............................  ^rnn I  3000^17  tr’ps  ............... ...................................................  «  «'■,<  Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1980 ............................................... ............... 3000^ Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Sept. 1980................................................... 3000-47 LosAngeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1980 .......... ............... 3000 03 Louisville, Ky. Ind., Nov. .980'....................................... ■ i!!!!!! !!!!!!!!! jS£g   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  , ,  Bulletin number and price *  Area  Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss., Nov. 1980............................... Miami, Fla., Oct. 1980 ............................................. Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1980 ......................................... Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., Jan. 1981'..................'. Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y., June 1980............................................. Newark, N.J., Jan. 1981 ..................................................... ’ ’’ New Orleans, La., Oct. 1980 ....................................................... New York, N.Y.— N.J., May 1980 ............................................. Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1980 Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1980 ........................................... Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1980'............................................. Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1980'............................................... Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1980'........................... Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 1980 ......................................... ' ' Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1981............................................................ Portland, Maine, Dec. 1980............................................. Portland, Oreg.—Wash., June 1980'........................................... Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1980’...............................................' ' Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1980’ ....'. Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1980. . . Richmond, Va., June 1980'...................................................... St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1981..................................................... Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1980'................................................ ., Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1980 ........................................................ Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1980 ................................... San Antonio, Tex., May 1980'................................................. San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1980'...................................................... San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1980 ............................... San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1981' ........................................................ Seattle—Everett, Wash., Dec. 1980 ........................................... ' South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1980 ........................................................ Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1980 ............................................... Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1980.............................................................. Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., Mar. 1981' ............................... Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1981............................................................ Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1980'........................................... York, Pa., Feb. 1981'................................... . '. .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3000-34 3000-53 3010- 2 3000-61 3000-49 3000-35 3000-39 3000-27 3000-23 3010- 8 3000-70 3000-54 3000-60 3000-17 3000-71 3000- 9 3010-10 3000-69 3000-36 3000-13 3000-43 3010- 6 3010-11 3000-25 3010- 9  57 75 57 75  $2 25  * Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change. Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.  SI.75 $2.25 $2.25 $3.75 $2.00 $2.25 $2.00 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $2.50 $2.00 $2.00 $2.00 $2.25 $2.75 $2.25 $1.75 $2.00 $2.00 $2.25 $2.25 $3.00 $1.75 $1.75 $1.75 $1.75 $3.00 $2.25 $2.00 $2.75  Postage and Fees Paid U.S. Department of Labor  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, D.C. 20212  Third Class Mail Official Business Penalty for private use, $300  U.S. MAIL  Lab-441  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices Region I  Region II  Region III  Region IV  1603 JFK Federal Building Government Center Boston, Mass 02203 Phone' 223-6761 (Area Code 617) Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont  Suite 3400 1515 Broadway New York, N Y 10036 Phone: 944-3121 (Area Code 212)  3535 Market Street. P O. Box 13309 Philadelphia. 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Calif 94102 Phone 556-4678 (Area Code 415)  Arkansas Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas  VII  VIII  IX  X  Iowa Kansas Missouri Nebraska  Colorado Montana North Dakota South Dakota Utah Wyoming  Arizona California Hawaii Nevada  Alaska Idaho Oregon Washington   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  irflrain