View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Area Wage Survey
Detroit, Michigan, Metropolitan Area, March 1976
Bulletin 1900-15
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Go*

RUG % 5




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a March
1976 survey of occupational earnings and supplemen­
tary wage benefits in the Detroit, Michigan, Standard
Metropolitan Statistical Area (Lapeer, Livingston,
Macomb, Oakland, St, Clair, and Wayne Counties),
The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor
Statistics' annual area wage survey program, which
is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan
areas as well as national and regional estimates for
all Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the
United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage
survey program is the need to describe the level and
movement of wages in a variety of labor markets,
through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution
of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of
wages by occupational category and skill level. The
program develops information that may be used for
many purposes, including wage and salary admin­
istration, collective bargaining, and assistance in
determining plant location. Survey results also are
used by the U.S. Department of Labor to make
wage determinations under the Service Contract Act
of 1965.
Currently, 84 areas are included in the pro­
gram. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In
each area, occupational earnings data are collected
annually. Information on establishment practices
and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every
third year.

Each year after all individual area wage
surveys have been completed, two summary bulletins
are issued. The first brings together data for each
metropolitan area surveyed; the second presents
national and regional estimates, projected from indi­
vidual metropolitan area data.
The Detroit survey was conducted by the
Bureau's regional office in Chicago, 111., under the
general direction of Lois L . Orr, Assistant Regional
Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not
have been accomplished without the cooperation of
the many firms whose jw
aget and salary data provided
the basis for the statistical information |in this
bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere
appreciation for the cooperation received.

Note:
Reports on occupational earnings and sup­
plementary benefits in the Detroit area are available
for the laundry and dry cleaning (March 1976),
miscellaneous plastics products (September 1974),
contract cleaning services (July 1974), and motor
vehicle parts (April 1974) industries. Also available
are listings of union wage rates for building trades,
printing trades, local-transit operating employees,
local truckdrivers and-helpers, and grocery store
employees. Free copies of these are available from
the Bureau's regional offices. (See back cover for
addresses.)

Bulletin 1900-15

A rea W age Survey:

July 1976

Detroit, M ichigan,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR' STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M etropolitan A rea
M arch 1976

Contents
I n t r o d u c t i o n __________________________________________

Page

Page
2

T a b l e s — C o n tin u e d
A.

E a r n i n g s — C o n tin u e d
A - 6 a. A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f
m ain ten ance, to o lr o o m ,
p ow erp lant, m a te ria l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x —l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s _____ ____ ____________ 26
A -7.
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u rly earn ings fo r s e le c te d
occu p a tio n a l g r o u p s , adjusted
f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s ______________ 27

B.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and

T ables:
A.

E arn ings:
A -l.
W eek ly earn ings o f o ffic e
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 3
A - l a . W eek ly earn ings o f o ffic e
w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ____ 7
A -2 .
W eek ly earn ings o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s ______________ 1 0
A - 2 a . W eek ly earn ings o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s —l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ______________________ 1 2
A -3 .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn ings o f o f fic e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x _____________________ 14
A - 3 a . A v e r a g e w eek ly earnings o f o f fi c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x —l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ______________________ 16
A -4 .
H ou rly earnings o f m ain ten a nce,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t w o r k e r s _______________________________ 18
A - 4 a . H ou rly earnings o f m a in ten ance,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t
w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ____ 1 9
A -5.
H ou rly earnings o f m a te ria l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s ________________________________ 2 0
A - 5 a . H o u rly earnings of m a te ria l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ____ 2 2
A -6.
A v e r a g e h o u rly earn ings o f
m a in ten ance, t o o l r o o m ,
pow erplant, m a te ria l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x ______________________24




sup plem entary w age p r o v is io n s :
B -l.
M in im u m en trance sa la rie s fo r
i n e x p e r i e n c e d t y p i s t s and c l e r k s . .
B -2.
L a t e s h ift p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e m a n u f a c t u r i n g plant
w o r k e r s _______________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s
of fu ll-tim e first-sh ift w o r k e r s ...
B -4.
A n n u a l p a id h o l i d a y s f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s _______________________________
B -5.
Paid va ca tion p r o v is io n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ___________________
B -6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s _______
A ppendix A .
A p p e n d i x B.

28

29

30
31
32
35

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y ________ 37
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s __________ 42

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price $1.25. Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 84 in w h i c h th e U.S.
D epartm ent o f L a b o r 's B u reau o f L a b o r Statistics
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
lated b e n e fits.
In t h is a r e a , data w e r e o b t a i n e d b y
p e r s o n a l v is its o f B u re a u fie ld e c o n o m i s t s to r e ­
p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d iv is io n s : M anufacturing; tr a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n i ­
c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in du stry grou ps ex clu ded f r o m
t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and th e c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablish m en ts
h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in
th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d .
Sep arate tabu lation s a re
p r o v id e d f o r ea ch o f the b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s
w hich m e e t pu blication c r it e r ia .

n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and
u n s k i l l e d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , da t a a r e
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s , m a n u f a c t u r i n g , and
nonm an ufacturin g.
Th is table p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e of
w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
ea rn in gs ca u se d by e m p lo y m e n t shifts am on g e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in ­
c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r furth er d eta ils, see
app end ix A .

B - s e r i e s tables
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on
m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; la te
s hif t p a y p r o v i s i o n s and p r a c t i c e s f o r plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g ; and data s e p a r a t e l y f o r p la n t and
o f f i c e w o r k e r s o n s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ;
and h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s .

A - s e r i e s tables

T a b les A - l through A - 6 p rov id e estim a tes
o f s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly o r h ou rly earnings fo r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s . O c c u p a t i o n s
w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m th e f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l , (c)
m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t , and (d) m a t e ­
r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
In th e 31 l a r g e s t
su r v e y a r e a s , ta b les A - l a through A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r da ta f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.

A ppendixes
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s th e m e t h o d s and c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It
p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n o n th e s c o p e o f t h e a r e a s u r v e y ,
on t h e a r e a ' s i n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r ­
in g , and o n l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e .

T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e ra g e h o u rly earn ings o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l

A ppendix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s u sed
b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
occu pation .

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-*ime weekly earning

s

Number

S

s

S

s

s

S

S

S

S

S

S

s

S

S

(standard)

ALL

100

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

90

Occupation and industry division
Mean *

Median *

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

2*0

260

29

-

-

-

-

1
-

2

29

76
11
65

171
21
150

-

3
26

6
5
46
8

14
100
36

384
61
323
26
23
34
171
69

452
80
372
55
12
16
183
106

542
117
425
37
10
84
167
127

1005
364
641
58
82
67
331
103

943
324
619
121
96
76
244
83

1091
567
524
169
70
96
136
53

1047
585
462
175
116
58
85
28

1072
723
349

-

327
37
290
14
14
5
203
54

-

-

2

-

1

4

-

2
2

1
1

4
4

21
2
19
19

37
31
6
1
4
1

51
32
19
J
10
3

114
30
ti4
36
39
6

74
26
48
23
25

108
14
94

217
63
154
3
16
29
73
33

234
59
175
6
28
32
91
la

200
92
108
15
7
10
49
27

330
250
24
51
26
100
49

36a
122
24b
29
16
29
111
61

417
190
227
154

S

i

S

1 ----------T —

280

300

320

340

360

380

300

320

340

360

380

499

1246
955
291
49
171
2
29
40

741
606
135
26
92

321
261
60
15
40
1
3
1

146
131
15
2
10

22
21
1

41
40
1

72
39
33
6
14
11

34
17
17
2
4

55
44
n
.

50
41
9
-

11

-

49
34
15
1
3
1

215
111
104
15
7
10
44
28

109
57
52
14
18
5

225
138
87
29
21
•

315
247

267
223
44

94
88

6

1
4

8

13
24

5

38
-

8

-

270
137
133
21
20
36
36
20

511
311
200
89
72
23
16

681
509
172
52

356
302
54
4
50
•
-

5
4

287
111
176
32

66

70

11
55
19
13

4h
26
11
4

and
under

Middle range*

I 35.50
2 6 1 .0 0
2 0 8 .5 0
2 3 0 .0 0
2 5 3 .0 0
2 0 1 .0 0
1 8 4 .5 0
1 9 3 .5 0

2 3 5 .0 0
2 6 8 .5 0
2 0 2 .0 0
2 3 3 .5 0
2 6 2 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0
1 7 9 .5 0
1 7 8 .0 0

$
$
1 8 B .0 0 - 2 8 2 .0 0
2 2 7 .5 0 -2 9 b .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0 -2 4 3 .0 0
2 0 3 .0 0 -2 5 7 .5 0
2 1 4 .0 0 -2 9 2 .3 0
1 7 6 .5 0 -2 2 5 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0 -2 0 8 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0 -2 1 1 .5 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

2 7 3 .0 0
2 9 2 .5 0
2 4 7 .0 0
2 3 7 .5 0
2 4 4 .0 0
2 2 7 .5 0

2 6 5 .5 0
3 0 2 .5 0
2 4 0 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0
2 3 7 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0

2 2 3 .5 0 -3 2 1
2 3 7 .0 0 -3 4 4
2 2 1 .5 0 -2 7 4
2 2 1 .5 0 -2 5 3
2 2 3 .5 0 -2 5 9
1 7 6 .0 0 -2 7 4

-----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ---------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------------------FI NA NC E -----------------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------------------------------

2 ,1 5 9
1 ,1 0 6
1 ,0 5 3
105
197
114
406
231

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

2 5 4 .5 0
2 8 5 .0 0
2 2 2 .5 0
2 6 7 .5 0
2 6 4 .5 0
1 9 9 .5 0
2 0 4 .5 0
2 0 8 .5 0

2 5 3 .0 0
3 0 1 .0 0
2 1 1 .5 0
2 7 6 .0 0
2 8 5 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0

2 0 5 .0 0 -3 0 3 .5 0
? 4 6 .0 0 -3 2 4 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0 -2 5 8 .3 0
2 4 0 .5 0 -2 8 9 .0 0
2 0 6 . 0 0 —3 1 6 , 5 0
1 8 1 .5 0 -2 1 7 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0 -2 3 0 .3 0
1 6 6 .0 0 -2 4 9 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA S S C ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------pu blic u t il it i e s
------------------------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ---------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------------------F I NA NC E -----------------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------------------------------

4 ,2 6 9
2 ,3 5 1
1 ,9 1 8
285
429
222
690
292

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

2 3 9 .5 0
2 6 5 .0 0
2 0 8 .5 0
2 3 4 .0 0
2 5 7 .5 0
1 9 1 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0
1 9 2 . 0C

2 5 3 .3 0
2 7 6 .5 0
2 0 0 .0 0
2 5 1 .0 0
2 7 1 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0
1 9 3 . 5C

1 9 6 .0 0 -2 8 6 .0 0
2 5 0 .0 0 -2 9 4 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0 -2 5 1 .0 0
1 9 9 .5 0 -2 6 3 .3 0
2 3 8 .5 0 -2 9 5 .0 0
1 7 6 .5 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
1 5 1 .5 0 -2 0 4 .5 0
1 6 7 .0 0 -2 0 8 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A SS D ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------fin a n c e
----------------------------- ------------------------

2 ,5 8 3
1 ,0 9 2
1 ,4 9 1
580

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

2 0 3 .5 0
2 1 9 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0

2 0 1 .5 0
2 2 7 .0 0
1 8 4 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0

1
1
1
1

6
8
5
4

9
8
9
5

.0 0
.5 0
.0 0
.0 0

-2
-2
-2
-1

34
44
26
84

.5 0
.0 0
.0 0
.5 0

_
-

892
179
713
179
112
168
219

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 7 4 .0 0
1 8 6 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0
2 2 2 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0

1 6 4 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0
2 4 3 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

4
5
3
6
5
2
3

5
6
9
7
2
0
6

.0 0
.0 0
.0 0
.0 0
.0 0
.0 0
.0 0

-2
-2
-1
-2
-1
-1
-1

0 2 .0 0
1 3 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
5 6 .3 0
7 2 .3 0
5 0 .3 0
7 1 .0 0

-

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 4 9 .0 0
1 8 9 .0 0 -2 4 8 .3 0
1 6 8 .5 0 -2 5 2 .0 0
2 1 5 .0 0 -2 5 9 .3 0
1 5 8 .5 0 -1 8 3 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0 -1 8 5 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 5 3 .3 0

_

9 ,6 5 9
4 ,9 0 4
4 ,7 5 5
827
899
473
1 ,7 8 5
771

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA S S A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------------------f i n a n c e -----------------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------------------------------

625
355
270
73
109
54

C LA S S

B -----------------------------

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------nonmanufacturing

S T E NOGR APH ER S,

260

WORKERS

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------------------FI NA NC E -----------------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------------------------------

SE C R E TA R IE S ,

of—
s

90

80

----------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------R E T A I L T R « DE ----------------------------------------F I NA NC E -----------------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------------------------------general

S TE NOGR APH ER S, S E NI O R ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------------------f i n a n c e -----------------------------------------------------S E P V I C E S ---------------------------------------------------

 fo o t n o t e s at en d
S ee


1 ,5 6 5
970
595
113
63
126
1 61

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

2 1 4 .0 0
2 1 8 .0 0
2 0 7 .0 0
2 3 4 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0
2 1 3 .0 0

2 1 5 .0 0
2 2 1 .0 0
2 0 7 .0 0
2 3 2 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0
2 1 3 .0 0

.5
.0
.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0

-

1

1

-

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

*

-

2
2
2
“

-

15
15
3
12

30

-

-

-

-

*

-

_

-

1
1
-

-

1
-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

211
26
185
22
3
64
61
35

129

173
37
136

200
46
154
63

201
75
126

104
28
76

31

12
10
22
22

145
34
111
13
38
36
24

81
11
70
5
19
4
29

14
4
10

64
26
38

74
28
46

122
62

102

60

47

65
65
-

73
1
72
2
10
29

_

1
29
35

-

-

o f t a b le s .

178
27
151
18
6
6
83
38

30
-

-

-

148
24
124
7
18
82
17

30
30

12
12

1
12
*

175
32
143
1
14
5
90
33

60
4
56
-

91
17
74
50

2

1
-

33
15

46
5
41
32

12

13
13
-

*

5
62
27

4
14

-

-

8

23
5
18

*
68
7
61
2
3

46
2

2

*

6

“
62
62
14
15
3
30

18
18
-

24
3
14
7

”

-

-

-

*
18

129
95
85
19

66

86

3
2
6
2

5
23

10

14
13
7

8

4
15

6
51

9
28
17

44

55
2
13
17

12

80

-

80
155
12
49
53

7

-

928
765
163
17
129
-

-

27
25

12
5

497
3u8
189
12

245
137
108

209
118
91

59
35
24

43
19
24
15

102
12
90
84

13
_

1
-

13
13

1
1

68

1

-

1

-

21
20
1
-

40
39
1
-

-

-

1

1
1
•

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

2
2
•
-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

15
13
2

.
-

.
-

•
-

-

.
.

-

-

.
•
-

-

-

•
•
-

9
8

4

68
14
41
-

1
1

-

-

-

_

3

-

2
-

6

-

-

9

7

7

4

-

-

-

-

*

217
142
75

232
I 61

273
158
115

220
152

2
2

3
3

68

6
12
33
15

25

242
177
65
30

20

27

-

-

.
-

•
-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

1
60

-

20

7

71

-

d

1

T a b le A-1. W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rkers in D etro it, M ic h ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — C ontinued
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Occupation and induatry division

Number
of
workers

(standard)

$

S

Average
weekly

80
Mean 1

Median 2

Middle range2

and
under
90

$

$

S

S

S

$

S

S

s

S

$

S

S

S

$

100

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

17

37
37

44
44
7

48
48
15
23

57

17
17

18

57

12
12
6
4

16
16
14

5
4

1
1

1
14

13
3
3

3
2

21
33

1

-

4

83
19
64
-

86

79
14

75

87

199

54

63
24

82
117
13

43
-

18
-

-

-

90

240

S

1 —

$

1 -------

320

340

-

-

-

-

-

-

300

-3gQ

340

360

380

400

280

300

280

260

360

380

ALL W O RK ER S- C O NT IN UE D
$

T R A N SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE TY PI ST S ------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------

288
271

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 6.00
1 4 3.50

$
1 3 9.00
1 3 5.00

$
$
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

1 3 2.50

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 6 8 .0 0

•
-

-

1 3 5.00

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

-

-

It
15
2

170.00
228.50
149.50

1 3 8 .0 0 -2 3 9 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0 -2 5 2 .5 0

•

.

_

-

-

-

1 5 1.00

189.50
141.00

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 8 2 .0 0 -2 3 4 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0

-

-

-

155.00

138.00

1 2 8 .5 0 -1 7 5 .0 0

-

-

3 9 .0

1 4 1.00

130.00

4
3
3
3

.0
.5
.0
.5

170.00
1 3 5.50
1 6 3.50

164.00
128.00
157.00

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0 -1 9 6 ,5 0

1 6 0.00

150.00

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

S E RV IC ES -------------------------

115
614
248

4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

138.00
1 2 3.50
1 3 4.50

136.00
1 2 0.00
1 2 6.50

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 4 7 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0

FILE CLERKS, CLASS A ---------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------f i n a n c e --------------------------

121
85
64

3 8 .5

1 9 5.50
176.00
1 6 3.00

1 9 5.00
1 5 7.00
140.00

1 4 0 .0 0 -2 5 2 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0 -2 3 5 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

FILE CLERKS, CLASS B ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------FI NA NC E --------------------------

422
411
305

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 3.50
1 1 5.00

117.50
117.50
117.00

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------WHOL ES AL E TR AD E ---------------F I NA NC E --------------------------

519
503

3
3
4
3

122.00
121.50
125.00

115.00
113.00
130.00

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

-

1 1 0.00

109.50

TYPISTS. CLASS A --------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------W H OL ES AL E t r a d e ----------------

100
148
1.07 5
375
700
64
160
354

TYPISTS. CL AS S B --------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------W H OL ES AL E TRAOE ---------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

ME SS EN GE RS ---------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------R E TA IL TRADE -------------------F I NA NC E --------------------------

1 ,50 1
254i
1.24 7
161
109

100
278
565
109

3 8 .0

145.00
1 4 1.00

3 9 .5

184.50

4
3
4
3

.0
.0
.0
.5

1 6 7.00
200.50

3 8 .5

0
9
0
9

0
8
9
9

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

9
9
0
8

.0
.0
.0
.5

218.00

1 2 4.00

8
-

-

-

112
43

-

24

236

307
25

207

116

32
175
29
-

114
16

6

282
5
28

22
94
18
7

120
6

4
175
35

25

41
81
24

24

22
8

166
58

31
14

31
37

12
20

2
234
14

7
12

27

12

121
52

60
20

68
29

40
28

69
21
7

40
9

39
23
15

12
*

27
8
19
13

J

5

2

9

4
4
17

1

-

5
2

48

12
12

3
3

-

-

*

11

-

12
12
12

105
101
85

116
113
105

88
88
78

33
33
20

16
16
3

16
16

93
93

64
64
-

75
68

22
14

17
17

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

43
43
-

169
169

-

37

-

43

110

71

45

5

3
4

17

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 6 2 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -2 2 5 .5 0

-

24

126

44

18

-

126

90

63

6
38

1 1 4.00

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

-

12
12
5

101
11

81

-

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

27

11

7

39

20
37

29

-

-

-

4 0 .0
3 8 .5

117.50

11 5.00

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 1 9.00

1 1 0.00

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

-

673
233

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 8 1.00
229.00

16 9.00
234.00
14 1.50

1 3 4 .5 0 -2 3 2 .0 0
2 0 5 .5 0 -2 6 1 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 7 9 .5 0

1

1

40

6

3
16
16

3
3

3
3

4

10
10

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

.
-

-

•
-

5

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

5
-

-

_

_
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

*

•

*

*

-

_

-

-

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
5
3

7
5

2
2

5
5

17
17

•

4

-

1
3

-

-

-

12

32
19
13

1

1

-

-

-

-

17
8
9

15
6

5

1

2
-

-

-

-

60

26

23

11

1

*

*

~

9

20
-

36
-

39
-

54

54
4

35
19

59
19

2o

82

60
47

16
14

1
-

-

-

-

61

63
45

_

13

-

-

-

-

36

54
-

15
o

18

13
8

2

1

-

-

-

-

3
-

26
7

7

40
20
4

21

6
6
-

39
-

49
8
41

22
-

20
-

54
3
51
-

-

-

50
7
3

16
7
3
6

3

22
-

3
29

10
9

“

3

2

-

-

1

2

68
36
32

44

117
47

o

26
15

12

-

44

70
26
“

11

7
-

1

-

1

-

17

24

6

20
27

28

-

12

11
9

148.00
1 5 3.50

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 4 .5 0
1 4 0 . 0 0 - 1 6 9 . SO

.

16
-

39

139
47

169
54

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

-

1
38
-

137
36

1 4 0.00

30
2
28

101
29

115

147
92
55

52

29

«
9

6

13
13

6

11

17

21

-

-

32

5

1 3 0 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0

14 6.50

-

20

4

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

3 9 .0

-

.

3

9

10

1 2 1.50

4 0 .0

-

-

3

60

1 2 5.50

612
181

14
9

•
-

-

-

50
1

1
-

353

-

-

13
-

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

1 5 2.00
16 1.50

11
6
<
+

18

.

13
7

1 5 3 .0 0 -2 4 4 .0 0

3 9 .5

17

1
43

-

-

19
8

14 1.50
14 3.50

965

12
36

-

20
12

-

11
2

18 2.50

S W IT CH BO AR D OP ER A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S MA N U f A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RE TAIL TRADE -------------------FI NA NC E -------------------------SERV IC ES -------------------------

-

11
2
4

-

2

1 3 8.50
147.50

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1

13
8

193.50

104

65

2
2
2

-

S E RV IC ES -------------------------

4 0 .0

1 4 5.50

142.00

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

-

16
-

4 0 .0
3 6 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 9.50
1 4 8.00

1 3 0.00
1 4 0.00

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

-

15
-

1 4 5.00

1 4 0.00

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

-

1

15
«

92
22

31

8

15

17

8

8

36

5
19

5

22

10
45

11

35

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b le s .




37

21
1
-

9
9
9

90
126

194

38

78

38
15
23
•

30
-

30

14
14
14

123.00

77

14

83

3
10
15

20
66
-

6
6
4

14 9.50
1 1 9.50

128

3
-

7

3
39

8
8

1 4 1.00

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

158
-

121

3
31

33
-

60
30

8

1 6 8.00

103
115

134
13

-

3 9 .0

155.50

36
140
4
136

-

-

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

440
69

160
2

8
•
-

130

S W IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR S --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

33
-

13
3
8

26

-

456

1 3 4.50
1 1 9.00

15
22

4

6

0

2

7

2

1

1

-

-

13
12

-

-

5

17
24

6
2

d

1

5

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T ab le A-1. W e e k ly earnings of o ffice w o rkers in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—

S

$

Average
w eekly
Ho u r 1
[standard)

*

Median

s

$

$

$

$

S

I

S

$

S

$

%

$

s

$

$

i

$

*

Middle range £

90

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

75

98

104
98

42
35

47
23

74
38

95
29

112

17

14
8

10

13

1

8

1

158
56

80
Mean

s

167

and
u n d er

90

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONT IN UE D
$

ORDER CLERKS* CLASS A —
—

vK i/t™

v L L K ''o f

wtltJLL'jALL

vLM j j

D

— —

1.098

—

$

40.0 233.50 238.00 21 8.50-249.50
226.00
219.00 218.50 2 0 7. 00 2 2 6. 00 259.00
40.0 241.00
241.00

—
—

138.00

102.00-179.00

124

56

52
8

24

P U BL IC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------------

119

FI NA NC E — -------------------------------------------------

406
350

274.00 40.0 237.00 249.00 2 0 4. 00 169.00298.50
1CQ*'"0
38.0 173.50 172150 142.50-200.00
-

|

r U o L l v U 1 1L 1 1 i L o ———

—

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

17

65

^ *5
60

99

BO OK KE E P I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS.
C L A S S B -------------------------------

214

38.5 191.50 194.50 185.0030.0 10 0._>0 107.00 185.00-

152
77

2

201.50
201.50

39.0 153.00 143.00 135.00-153.50

78
45

124.50-158.50
B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS.
C L A S S A -------------------------------

-

-

2

210

3tKV

—— — — —

1KAUt

I v t i

—jj.

" ' —* * —" * ” * * *

"

———

67
175
69

2

158
3
29
47
39
40

200
24
176
3
18
95
25
35
289

367

302
17
47
141
19
78

229
19
25
143

237
18
89
104

34

12

3

1

43

19

5

13

31
31

19

48
31

17
17

16

-

1

1

-

19
8
11

15

12

103
67
36
a
12
12

81
31
50
19
10
17

69
41
28

202
22

11

13

49
49

45

34

140.00-249.50
823

36
24
29

^

**t"lAIL IHnUti

K c 1 AIL.

89
227

427

t.00.00

H A N U r A C 1 UK l N o

36
226
72

36

1HAUL

153.50-215.00
160.00-248.50

69

137
96

14 8. 50 14 5. 50 -

189.50
179.50

20

26

U* t K A * U K J i i

vU A ^w

a

m ■■

1.932

SE RV I C E S

----------------------------------------------------------

<.64

286

224
15
63

71
76

23

39.5 156.50 150.00 139.00-164.00

5

97

108

15

3

34

24

15

2

-

-

-

-

3t)
76
52

66

12

4

1

1

1

*

86

21

266

269

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b l e s .




235

8

14 7. 00 -1 80 .SO

117

103
10

*4

8

M E T P lin V H

7
21
72
43

1

134
15
55

0
24

*31

16

_
16

1

-

-

-

-

Table A-1. W e e k ly earnings of office w o rkers in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — C ontinued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of—

$
Mean

^

Median

*

Middle ranged

$

5

$

$

S

$

S

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

and
under

90

$

90

C
D

80

weekly
hours1
(standard]

$

S

©

Occupation and industry division

1

$

$

$

S

20j

220

240

260

280

220

240

260

280

300

1

Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number
of
workeis

ALL W O RK ER S—
CO NTINUED
$

$ /n

i
1riAUC-

/A A
-to ^

"
329
1,488

146.00

*j
?
J • 129*00

$

157.50-259.50
120.00-156.50
l^c

r

l -in

ha

„ ,„
IT
39

®

1 2 0. 00 1 ^A AA 1 1 0. 00 0*00

66
148

140.50
142.50

349

47
183

22
96

8

1

2

34

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE o p e r a t o r s ,
57
t a b u l a t i n g -m a c r i n e

S ee

fo o tn o te s

operators,

139

■VO .0

258.50-318.50

1
14

■ 9*9
’
^ - 0
39 5 229*00

UJ

at end o f ta b le s .




6

12

27
15

8

34

25
22

30
23

24
7

Table A-1a.

W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rkers—large establishm ents in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1976
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s oJ

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

s

Avenge

weekly
H ur1
o
(standard

s
80

Mean

*

Median

*

M iddle range *

s

s

s

S

S

s

1 --- -i —

1 ---- 1 ---- i

S

S

—

s

$

i

*-

1 ---

90

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

3pQ

320

340

360

380

400

902
551

987

1210
930
280

710
580
130
22

321

146
131

22

M

693
294

21
1

40

12
35

29

and
under
90

WORKERS

ALL

252.00
271.00

$
257.50

$
$
2 1 7 .5 0 -2 9 1 .0 0

m

935

253

nn*'t
o

20'

00

193*50

1 8 8.00

314.50

^

606

1

224.50

1 6 1 .5 0 -2 1 5 .0 0

324^50

43
56

194

20
1

^

261
60
15

15

1
3
30

50

40

. 7*
1

y 0

^

0

'’ 3 3 * ^ 0

^

2 8 3.00
295.00

" l

* '‘ 0

i
210

309

267

1
1

2 6 3 .0 0 -3 2 6 .0 0

1

hi
107
75

3 0 3 .0 0 -3 2 6 .0 0

^2

40
_
8
1

1.303

2 5 4 . 5 0 - 2 ^ 5 . b0

% [ JJ*

ix *!?

-

8

1

10b

^2
1A

1 9 6.00

36*"
jl

v i ' t . 1 MK 1C j f

vL^

U

1 9 6 .0 0 -2 6 3 .5 0

*n
4 0 ,0

1 6 5.00

16 3.00

1 4 6 .5 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

20

26

51

-Srt "r1
1 4 2.00

76

1 4 1.50

101
121
23

^0

97

25
25

45

<- J

51

47
31

61
39

L3

10 / ^ 2

3 9 .5

1
1

1

113

66
66

40
19

15

12

209

59

118
91

35
24

102
12

13

1

*
*
*

15
13

“
“

*
*

22

29

18

*
“
“

*

1

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 5 2 .5 0

*

32
270

1 5 0 .5 0 -1 8 4 .5 0

163*^0

54

17

90

1 9 8 .0 0 -2 5 3 .5 0

223.00

161

'

LA
1 6 5 .0 0 -2 3 3 .5 0

350

35
35

20
231*00

162

226
122
104

21

1
39

''lG

1*808

"

153
45

10

120

1 7 0 .0 C -2 1 0 .0 0

_

80

1

235.00

220
68

*
*
“

i

2
NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G
finance
1 I ' 1 o 1j J

-----------------------------------------

59

------------------------------------------------------------

54

C C M jj

M

39^5
3 9 .5

159.50
155.00

14sToO

1 3 5 .0 0 -

1 6 9.00

14 5.00

1 3 5 .0 0 -

1 6 0.00

644

-

2
2

2

1 5 0 .5 0 -2 5 2 .5 0

4
4

16
16

8

8

8

8

44

2
-

232.00

,
141

36*5

^0

32

103*00




6
4

7

4
4

i
i

-

82
109

1

7

25
*

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

2

43

18

45

5
5

i

m

-

-

-

-

*
“

“

“

Table A-1a. W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rk e rs -la rg e establishm ents in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
f

Average
weekly
hours*
(standard]

Median 2

Middle range2

S

$

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

I

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

90

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

100

80

Mean 2

S

s

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

220

290

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

and
under
90

ALL W O R K E R S —
C O NT IN UE D
627
162
465

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 3.50
1 8 1.50

$
1 4 1.50
1 7 7.00

$
$
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 7 5 ,5 0
1 6 3 .0 0 -2 0 5 .0 0

-

143.50

1 3 4.00

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

-

8
8
-

281

3 9 .5

1 3 1.00

1 2 9.00

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

-

-

61

3 9 .5

230.50

252.50

2 2 8 .5 0 -2 5 2 .5 0

-

-

FILE CLERKS, CLASS B ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

230
219

3 9 .5

1 2 0.00
1 2 1.50

1 1 6 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

-

_

3 9 .5

1 2 5.50
1 2 4.50

-

-

FI LE CLERKS, CLASS C ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

276
268

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 6.50
1 1 5.50

1 1 0.00

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

.

110.00

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

-

13
13

ME SS EN GE RS ---------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

388
86
302

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 0.00
1 8 0.00
1 4 1.00

132.50
1 7 2.00
1 2 4.00

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0 -2 3 4 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

-

18
12
6

-------------------------------------------------------------

70

4 0 .0

1 2 2.50

118.00

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

-

S W IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR S -----------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

454
208
246

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

201.50
238.00

212.00
242.00
161.50

1 4 8 .5 0 -2 5 0 .0 0
2 2 5 .5 0 -2 6 6 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

1
1

1 6 9.00
185.00

1 5 5.50
1 6 4.50

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 9 7 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0 -2 2 4 .5 0

144.00

128.00

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 7 4 .0 0

2 1 5.50

217.00

1 7 7 .0 0 -2 5 7 .0 0

$

TYPISTS, CLASS B

--------------------------------------------------

m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------F i n a n c e --------------------------

FI LE CLERKS, CLASS A ----------------

finance

3 9 .5

o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

switchboard

nonmanufacturing

-----------------------------------------

131
79

3 9 .5

52

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

59

3 9 .5

1 7 1.00
143.50

33
2

47

115

99

71

2
45
36

10
105
79

2
97

12
59

61

-

-

-

32
28

79

63

31
31

34

40
2

43
24
19

31

38
25

12

20
14
4

2

3

5

2

8
8

7
7

4
4

*

_

1

*

*

10
10

*

•

10
-

56
10
46

6
4

8
8
-

50
29

40
28

11
6

5

1

-

1

-

1

-

-

4

43

_

•

c

4

-

-

2

2
2

•

-

1
1

1
1

3
-

32
12

32
19

J

20

13

76

63

29
29

62
62

45
45

18
16

11
6

63
6
57

36
-

71

32
6
26

17
8
9

1

14

24

18

6

4

1

7
-

11
-

12

19
-

39
-

11

12

19

39

11
2
9

24
3
21

20
-

7

27
4
23

-

1
-

7
2

17
1

7
2

3
-

16
11

18
18

*

1

5

16

5

3

5

*

*

*

*

*

2

4

*

"

*

.
“

-

_
*

3
3

40
7

46
17

33

29
4

40
5
35

m
m

71
-

36

10

m

14

12

16
3
13

17

21

2

_

9
•

•

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1
3

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

2b
13
13

82
61
21

63
45
18

60
47
13

16
14
2

1
-

20

35
19
16

1

•

-

-

•
.

8
7

7

14

8
6
2

11
10
1

8
7

-

-

-

.

-

_

7

10
4

6
5

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

8

6

5

9

8

3

5

3

-

-

-

-

57

48
15

129
70

9b
6b
28

107
81

86
66

206
169

118

4
4

37

9
4

18

20
2

-

-

33
-

65
51
14

132
117

26

164
129
35

IS
-

-

6

-

-

4

1

17b
115

92
82

71
43

53
26

5
2

-

_
-

ORDER CLERKS, CLASS Bt
manufacturing

-------------------------------------------------

A C C O UN TI NG CLERKS, CLASS A --------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------FI NA NC E -------------------------A C CO UN TI NG CLERKS, CLASS B ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------------FI NA NC E

-------------------------------------------------------------

b o o k k e e p i n g -m a c h i n e

CLASS' B

1.34 1
894
447
173
76

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 5 1.00

3 9 .0

1 7 5.00
1 8 2.50

4 0 .0

269.00
2 1 4.50

17 3.50

1 5 8 .0 0 -1 8 8 .0 0

1 6 7.00

1 5 1 .0 0 -1 9 2 .5 0

1 6 2 .0 0 -2 7 6 .0 0

17 0.00
19 0.00

1 4 0 . 0 0 —1 9 8 . 5 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -2 1 5 .3 0

1 5 1.50
2 0 1.00

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 7 9 .0 0
1 9 8 .5 0 -2 3 3 .0 0

-

207.50
161.00

138.00

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0

3 9 .5

685

4 0 .0

1 *051
171

3 9 .5

171.50
192.50
158.00

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 3 .5 0 -2 9 8 .5 0
2 2 7 .5 0 -3 0 7 .0 0

-

1,73 6

100

264.50
277.50
1 8 8.50

-

27
4

15

10
47
31

12

11

11

6

12
309

33

59

24

43

85

1

1

-

-

-

-

•
-

.

-

-

-

-

_

21
-

48
“

69
«

137
16

147
32

153
34

152
49

126
40

177
69

-

48

69
-

121
-

115
-

119
-

103

108

61

10

28

27

3

-

-

•
-

6

86
9

177
132

-

21
-

11

54

42

10

27

12

-

-

-

-

4

22

23

11

4

8

3

2

1

-

1

14

3

-

-

4

-

.

.

operators,
2

1

7

6

1

i

9

5

*

1

1

*

16

1

-

-

-

5

17
8

23

32
16

25
8

53
26

27
16

22
11

36
13

20

19

21

5

9

16

17

27

11

11

23

11
9

15

2

15
15
-

18
14

-

14
14
-

28

-

2
-

7

4

15
15
-

17
17
-

------------------------------------------------------------------------

51

3 8 .5

1 9 2.00

1 6 7.00

1 3 8 .5 0 -2 7 0 .6 0

“

P A YR OL L CL ER KS ------------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

388

3 9 .5

1 7 3.50

1 4 5 . 5 0 - 2 5 2 . 5C

-

230
158

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 9 9.00
222.50
1 6 5.00

2 1 7.00
154.50

1 5 7 .0 0 -2 9 3 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0 -1 8 1 .5 0

67

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

10
13

11

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end © f ta b le s.




3

8

8

4

_

-

-

-

.

Table A-1a.

W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rk e rs —large establishm ents in D e tro it, M ic h ., M a rc h 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly ea rning

5

S
80

w eekly

hours1
(standard'

Mean 2

Median 2

M iddle range2

and
u n d er

90

$
90

J

$
100

no

S

s
120

130

r

S

140

150

S

160

170

s

s

S

180

200
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

110

no

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

•

8
8
8

9

9
8

47
47
26

141
141
20

159
3
156
15

166
13
153
71

131
7
124
15

135
41
94
22

7
7
2
3

52

73
3
70
20
47

79
16
63
15
32

57
4
53
12
15

96
33
63
12
10

57
14
43
19
7

57
3
54
20
8

67
23
44
6
5

$
220

240

o f—

I

%

260

$

S

280

300

i

S

320

340

360

1 --380

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

55
50
5
1

70
32
38
-

171
45
126
2

138
91
47
-

66
55
11
-

•
•

-

•

49
38
11

147
78
69

141
98
43

214
115
99

1

-

-

_
-

-

4

4

11

*

2
2

4

7

4

4

8
1

19
8

12
9

27
15
12

34
14
20

25
22

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONT IN UE D
KEYP UN CH OP ERATORS, CLASS A ----M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

1,296
337
959
188

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

i
$
$
$
196.50 179.00 156.50-242.50
240.50 248.00 207.50-275.50
181.50 168.00 151.00-196.00
160.00 168.00 14 3. 50 -1 68 .U0

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------RE TA IL TRADE ----------------FI NA NC E -----------------------

1,099
425
674
118
178

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5

200.00 203.00 151.00-257.00
228.50 241.50 205.50-261.00
182.00 166.50 137.00-237.00
148.50 145.00 129.00-167.50
148.00 130.00 125.50-154.50

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------

98
52

40.0 301.50 304.00 287.00-324.00
40.0 298.50 306.00 28 7.50-318.50

139
70
69

40.0 243.50 253.50 208.50-275.00
40.0 257.50 264.50 236.50-282.00
39.5 229.00 242.00 198.50-275.00

T A BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

2
2

-

-

“

7

9

3

3

7

See footnotes at end of ta b le s.




-

52
12
32

-

3

2
1

14
4
10

-

14
4
10

.

3

-

-

1

3

-

.

-

-

*

-

-

-

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

*

•

“

*

30
23

24
7

4
3

*

“

_

•

-

-

T ab le A -2 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arc h 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Occupation and industry division

Number
o
f
workeis

Average
weekly
hour?1
(standard) Mean *

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of-$

Median *

Middle range^

$

120
Under
and
S
under
120
140

$

$
140

160

I

S
180

200

220

s
240

$
260

i
280

S

$

300

320

4

$
340

360

$

I
380

400

$
420

4

$
440

4b0

5
480

500
and

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

34 0

360

380

*00

420

-

*

-

-

*

*

7
4
3
2
-

38
6
32
17
14

29
9
20
7
5

61
29
32
11
7

46
19
27
13
5

88
37
51
21
10

62
36
26
8
*

85
35
50
15
4

“

-

-

8
2
6
6

24
10
14
8

74
54
20
10

107
67
40
28

101
65
36
23

7b
39
37
21

b6
42
24
6

67
45
22
8

55
35
20

460

4«0

75
32
43
11
1

104
49
55
1
-

166
40
126
12
5

64
43
21
-

53
30
23
-

72
48
24
1

60
53
7
-

64
58
6
-

43
41
2
-

1
1
-

-

440

500 over

ALL WORKERS
C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS AN ALYSTS
(B US IN ES S)♦ CLASS A ---------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------FI NA NC E -------------------------SERV IC ES -------------------------

878
369
509
118
51

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5
38.5

$
417.00
420.50
414.50
368.50
350.00

$
425.00
426.50
423.50
372.00
322.00

$
$
368.00-475.50
373.50-474.00
367.00-478.50
3 3 4. 00 -4 07 .U0
299.00-368.00

-

-

COMP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS
(B US IN ES S)* CLASS B ---------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A ' C T U R I N G ----------------f i n a n c e --------------------------

818
560
258
111

40.0
40.0
39.0
39.0

354.50
363.50
334.50
304.50

342.50
361.50
332.50
303.00

299.00-411.00
3 0 3 . 50 -4 26 .uO
294.00-370.50
28 6.50-325.00

-

-

-

C O MP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS
( B U S IN ES S). CLASS C ----------------

310

39.5 338.00 343.50 295.50-379.00

-

*

*

*

-

2

6

15

4

70

24

2/

43

42

38

29

10

-

-

-

-

COMP UT ER P R O G RA MM ER S (BUSINESS).
CLASS A ------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------W H OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------FI NA NC E -------------------------SERV IC ES -------------------------

746
383
363
93
131
74

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5

349.00
373.50
323.00
370.50
313.00
269.50

353.50
378.00
329.00
366.50
315.00
276.00

315.50-390.50
344.50-404.50
278.00-360.00
34 3. 00— 394.80
278.00-337.00
21 9.00-329.00

-

-

*

-

14
14
14

14
14
14

11
4
7
2
*

25
5
20
4
5

55
6
49
33
14

24
10
14
9
5

58
24
34
4
26
-

87
29
58
lo
26
b

119
39
60
20
16
12

94
58
36
13
b
5

112
80
32
25
7
-

64
58
6
6
-

34
26
8
5
1
-

18
14
4
3
1
-

11
10
1
l
-

2
2
-

4
4
-

COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS B ------------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------f i n a n c e -------------------------SERV IC ES -------------------------

756
345
411
152
75

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
38.5

282.00 288.00
2 9 2 . 0 0 1 301.50
274.00 275.00
252.50 258.00
244.00 235.00

242.50-316.00
253.00-327.00
240.00-307.00
218.00-277.50
215.50-27o.50

-

-

*

8
8
8
*

22
13
9
2
7

78
31
47
29
15

56
19
37
14
20

94
25
69
32
14

72
30
42
31
-

129
51
78
19
16

126
72
54
12
-

8o
4«
40
3
3

30
37
13
2

21
14
7
-

9
4
5
-

i
i
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS C — — — — — — — — — —
m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

240
93
147

40.0 239.50 250.00 192.00-276.00
40.0 244.50 265.00 188.00-277.50
40.0 237.00 244.00 199.00-268.00

-

2
2

7
7

13
9
4

48
18
30

16
8
8

20
3
17

35
7
28

50
27
23

32
12
20

8
6
2

4

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2
2
-

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ----------------

529
237
292
50
132

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
38.5

274.50
304.00
250.50
304.50
226.00

275.50
314.00
244.00
317.00
*
“* * WU

216.00-325.00
271.50-354.00
209.50-278.50
276.00-348.50

-

-

-

15
11
4
-

65
17
48
7
33

57
8
49
-

43
7
36
15 1

45
13
32
3
27

68
10
58
5
13

35
19
16
2

53
36
17
8

47
33
14
10

61
61
lo
9

20
15
5
5

14
11
3
1

6
6

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C O MP UT ER OP ERATORS, CLASS B -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------W H OL ES AL E TRADE ----------------

925
452
473
89

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

236.50
269.50
205.00
228.00

225.00 181.00-288.50
283.00 227.50-314.50
195.50 175.00-220.00
210.00 174.00-291.50

-

15
15
14

26
7
19
-

186
68
118
14

115
10
105
7

no
13
97
18

73
45
28
3

54
20
34
-

51
37
14
5

117
94
23
12

75
69
6
3

51
40
11
lo

42
40
2
2

10
9
1
1

•
.

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

151

-»r»

1 'U "nn 1 Oft A A
1 •00 1 0*00

46

41

35

10
24

43

vw rTr U 1 t H

t H A 1 w H Iif
»
A L 1 UK 1 N o to” " * * " ” * *

M

1

*5
39*0

41

"
‘In nn
l no

-

*

l^Q * 00

* W o rk er s w e r e at $ 100 to $ 120.
S e e fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b le s .




18

37

6

r a

10

i

.

*

A

_

-

-

.

T ab le A -2 . W eekly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)

1

N u m b e r of worker s rec eiving straight-time wee kly ea rnings of-S

S

S

s

s

s

s

5

i

S

S

I

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

32 u

340

360

380

400

420

440

4b0

480

1 ---500

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

3bo

380

400

420

440

460

460

500

over

-

-

-

-

-

56
56
54

46
13
33
33

50
10
40
39

84
51
33
33

98
74
24
24

101
94
7
7

197
150
47
45

332
309
23
12

478
469
9
9

544
544

642
642

514
514

-

4
4
4

465
465

-

152
150
2

85
85

10
10

12
12

-

-

$

Occupation and industry division
worken

weekly
hours1
(standard)!

120
Mean 2

Median 2

M iddle range2

Under
$

120

$

$

$

5

5

and
under

and

ALL WOHKEHS —
CO NT IN UE D
DRAFTERS. CLASS A -----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------SE RVICES -----------------

3 613
3 337
276
260

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$
404.50
414.00
290.00
286.50

$
416.00
421.00
280.50
278.00

$
$
3 7 6. 00 -4 47 .uO
387.50-449.00
2 5 0. 00 -3 44 .o0
247.50-341.50

d r a f t e r s , c l a s s b -----------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------

N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------SE RVICES -----------------

1 126
740
386
266

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

299.00
320.50
258.50
258.50

303.00
324.00
255.00
250.00

260.50-338.00
293.00-347.50
230.00-290.00
220.00-296.00

DRAFTERS. CLASS C -----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------SE RVICES -----------------

690
483
207
181

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

250.50
262.00
224.50
218.00

256.50
271 .DC
240.00
240.00

220.00-287.00
237.50-291.00
190.00-260.00
180.50-256.00

-

d r a f t e r -t r a c e r s
manufacturing

106
95

40.0 195.00 185.50 149.50-243.00
40.0 204.50 233.00 159.50-243.50

*16
5

EL EC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS:
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --- ---------

151

40.0 318.50 320.50 2 8 3. 00 -3 43 .SO

-

-

-

-

-

REGI ST ER ED INDUSTRIAL NURSES
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------

475
426

40.0 286.00 293.50 263.50-314.50
40.0 287.50 294.50 263.50-317.00

_

-

_

-

7

--------------------------

* W o rk er s we re distributed as follows:

-

-

*

-

_

-

*
.

7

-

-

7
3

46
6
40
34

66
19
47
36

112
33
79
56

106
43
63
26

174
130
44
21

124
99
25
21

194

-

32
3
29
24
42
17
25
25

72
41
31
29

55
50
5

128
71
57
55

135
104
31
27

103
84
19
9

89
86
3

H
*♦
-

3
3

-

22
22

21
21

4
4

-

“

-

12
7
5
5

15

31
15
16
16

10
10

10
10

17
17

15
“
15

1 at $ 80 to $ 100; and 15 at $ 100 to $ 120.

See footnotes at end of tables.




2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

-

6
6

_

_

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

11

-

14h

50
4b

-

-

-

16

38

15

40

25
22

45
45

35
31

68
59

114
105

85
72

73
6*

4
4

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

-

-

15

22

23
23

_

-

_

.

w

-

-

-

-

-

_

Table A -2 a . W e e k ly earnings of professional and technical w o rkers—large establishm ents
in D e tro it, M ic h ., M a rc h 1976
Weekly earnings
(standard)
O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f —

$

Average

Number
of
worked

140
(standard)

Mean

*

T 6
T

Median *

*

S
160

S
180

i

$

s
200

220

240

s

S
260

280

S

$
300

320

I

$
340

360

$
380

420

t

*

s

$
400

440

5
480

460

1 -----500

520

and
under

Middle range*

u

and
200

220

240

-

-

-

-

-

-

160

180

-

-

-

-

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

*

7
4
3
2

10
6
4
3

24
9
15
5

48
29
19
5

41
19
22
13

83
37
46
21

62
36
26
8

76
32
44
9

"

8
2
6
6

19
10
9
8

62
49
13
3

91
64
27
15

83
65
18
11

71
39
32
21

6b
42
24
0

67
45
22
8

55
35
20
“

72
48
24
1

2

6

15

4

70

24

27

4J

*2

38

29

8

71
42
26

104
4b
lb

09
31
6

112
32
7

64
6

50
37
13

19
14

5

7
4
3

1
1
”

460

480

500

520

69
32
37
5

104
49
55
1

149
40
109

64
43
21

30
18
12

60
53
7

64
58
6

43
41
2
*

32
6
1

18
4
i

11
1

*
“

-

*
“

over

ALL WORKERS
COMP UT ER SY ST EM S AN ALYSTS
( B US IN ES S). CLASS A --------------------- — M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------- —
FI NA NC E ----------------------------------------------COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUS IN ES S) , CLASS B --------------------------- — M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------- — N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------- —
finance

-----------------------------------------------

COMP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS
(B US IN ES S) . CLASS C --------------------------- —
CO MPUTER P R OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------- —
FINANCE ----------------------------------------------- —

$

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

$
4 2 3 .5 0
4 2 0 .5 0
4 2 6 .0 0
3 6 4 .5 0

$

790
366
A24
72

4 3 1 .5 0
4 2 9 .0 0
4 3 5 .5 0
3 7 1 .0 0

3 7 7 .5 0 - 4 7 8 .5 0
3 7 2 .0 0 -4 7 4 .5 0
3 7 8 .0 0 -4 7 8 .5 0
3 4 1 .5 0 - 3 9 2 .0 0

$

762
5S2
210
79

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

3 5 9 .0 0
3 6 5 .0 0
3 4 3 .0 0
3 0 8 .0 0

3 5 4 .0 0
3 6 4 .5 0
3 4 0 .0 0
3 1 0 .0 0

303
306
297
286

308

3 9 .5

3 3 7 .5 0

3 4 3 .0 0

2 9 5 .5 0 - 3 7 9 .0 0

.5
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

-4
-4
-3
-3

1
2
8
3

4
6
8
4

.5
.8
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

“

“

607
233
99

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

3 6 2 .5 0
3 4 1 .5 0
3 2 6 .5 0

3 6 5 .0 0
3 4 3 .0 0
3 2 5 .0 0

3 3 4 .5 0 -3 9 5 .0 0
3 1 5 .0 0 -3 7 1 .0 0
3 0 7 .0 0 -3 4 5 .0 0

-

*

“

~

586
305
281
111

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 9 3 .5 0
2 9 7 .5 0
2 8 8 .5 0

2 9 8 .0 0
3 0 4 .5 0
2 9 2 .5 0
265*50

2 6 4 .5 0 -3 2 2 .5 0
2 6 5 .0 0 -3 2 8 .0 0
2 6 2 .5 0 -3 1 6 .0 0

-

-

2
2

10

-

-

COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS C ---------------------------------------------------------

195

4 0 .0

2

4 0 .0

2 5 1 .5 0

2 1 6 .0 0 -2 7 9 .5 0
2 1 6 * 0 U —2 8 7 # 5 0
2 1 7 .5 0 -2 7 6 .0 0

2

123

2 4 9 .0 0
2 5 7 .0 0
2 4 4 .0 0

2 5 8 .0 0

-----------------------------

2

2

407
231
176

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 8 3 .0 0
3 0 7 .0 0
2 5 1 .5 0

2 9 0 .0 0
3 2 1 .0 0
2 3 8 .0 0

2 2 0 .0 0 -3 3 8 .5 0
2 7 9 .5 0 - 3 5 5 .5 0
2 0 6 .0 0 -2 9 1 .0 0

-

.
-

12
8

-

4

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 5 7 .5 0
2 7 4 .5 0
2 2 3 .5 0

2 6 7 .5 0
2 8 5 .5 0
2 0 6 .5 0

16
2
14

22

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 1 .0 0

3 ,1 3 4
3 ,0 6 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 1 7 .5 0
4 2 0 .0 0

4 2 5 .0 0
4 2 7 .0 0

3 9 2 .0 0 -4 4 9 .5 0
3 9 4 .5 0 -4 5 0 .0 0

735
590

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 1 0 .5 0
3 2 5 .5 0

3 1 7 .5 0
3 3 0 .5 0

2 7 6 .5 0 -3 4 8 .0 0
2 9 6 . 5 0 - 3 5 3 . JO
2 2 1 •0 0 - 2 6 0 •5 0

COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------ —
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------- —

nonmanufacturing

COMP UT ER OP ERATORS, CLASS A --------- —
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------finance

— —

—

—— — —

-

—

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B --------- ____
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------r INANLt — — — — — — — — —

625
417
208

COMP UT ER OP ERATORS, CLASS C --- ---MA N U F A C T U R I N G — — — — — — — —
NUNMANUf AL TU K -----------------DRAFTERS, CLASS A ---------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------DRAFTERS, CLASS B ---------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------nonmanufacturing — — — — — — —

145

* W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows:

-

1
1

“

10
10
2

12
6
3

19
9
9

2

33
22
11

26
16
10

57
15
42

66
27
39

111
51
60

121
67
54

83
43
A0

7

24

16

17

35

45

32

8

4

2

1

“

“

”

4

16

8

14

28

23

20

2

3

”

1

”

“

_

42
17
25
25

47
5
42

24
7
17

22
13
9

41
10
31

28
19
9

47
36
11

45
33
12

6i
51
10

20
15

12
n

6
6

5

i

54
10
44

44

51
40
11

42

10

-

-

40
2

9
1

"

“

4
80

5b

7
44

5
42
32
10

-

-

*

5
*

58
40
18

1
1

*
-

“
•

15
29

5 at $ 100 to $ 120; and 44 at $ 120 to $ 140.

12

-

*

13

22
6

2

32

9

*

*

”

“
*
“

'

“
*

“
*

‘
-

-

“

*

'

”

“
-

*

-

-

-

-

*
*

~

*

“

642

514
514

2

-

-

642

-

-

-

n o
94
16

73
69
4

43
29

76
52

81
74

121
n o

250
236

384
384

465
465

544
544

85

100

80
73

96
91

152

85

150

85

10
10

12
12

6

“
*

-

-

4

5

“
"

3

18

8

-

3

*

6

36

~

-

*

_

"*

“

8

*

10

8
-

23
12
11

'

11
7
2

11

2 0 2 .5 0 - 3 0 6 .0 0
2 3 2 . 5 0 - 3 1 o . 60
1 8 7 .0 0 -2 5 3 .0 0

*

54
34
26

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




-

3
3
37
18

7

39

88

6

“

"

Table A -2 a . W e e k ly earnings of professional and technical w o rk e rs —large establishm ents
in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — C ontinued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)______

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
5

Average
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

5
140

U nder

$

and

s

$

160

s

5

$

180

200

220

240

260

_

_

-

-

-

-

180

200

220

240

260

280

17
14

12

36
33

under

140

S

160

5

5

I

280

300

320

-

-

-

3Q0

320

34Q

$
34G

-

$

360
-

36Q

38p

s

s

380

400
-

400

420

ALL W O RK ER S—
CO NTINUED

S

$

$

355
317

40.0 274.50 280.50 26 1.50-302.50
40.0 278.50 282.00 26 4.50-303.50

7
7

7
3

55
53

40.0 239.50 243.00 233.5C-252.00
40.0 244.00 243.50 23 3.50-252.00

2

3
3

EL EC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- -— -

151

40.0 318.50 320.50 28 3.00-343.60

RE GI ST ER ED INDUSTRIAL NURSES
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------

416
375

40.0 293.00 296.50 2 7 4. 50 40.0 293.50 296.50 2 7 4. 50 -

DRAFTERS* CLASS C ------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------DRAF TE R- TR AC ER S •
MA NU FA CT UR IN G

S ee

fo o tn o te s




at

7
22
22

21
21

91
87

82
72

4
4

89

3
3

86

4
4

4
4

16
19
16

317.50
319.50

en d o f t a b le s .

13

22
22

17
14

38

15

40

15

68
59

109
100

85
72

73
69

23
2j

22

3

2

s

420
440

s

$

440
460

460

48*

480

-----! ------- 1
500
-

500

520
and

520 r,ver

Table A -3 . A verage w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by sex,
in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1976
3

occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex,

OF FI CE O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN
$
r IL t

L L tK I' j i

L L flo j

Average
(mean2 )

Average
(m ean 2 )

Average
(m ean2 )

Sex,

occupation, and industry divi sion

Number
of
worken

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

OF FICE OC CU PA TI ON S
WO M E N — CO NTINUED

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S W O M E N — CONTINUED

_____

Number
of
worken

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

-

L

11?"'"? SECRETARIES

CONTINUED

-

,r I L L

w L tK iV j f

LL A j j

L

nonmanufacturing

266
53

39.0 193.50
90.0 155.00

98

*
------------------------ -- -------------

446

119.50

300

1*856

iq

A

90.0 237.00
t— 1 • j Q

*
. rs r

7

r
-N

r

1 091
1,975
-.00

90.0 278.50

38».> 169..,0

689
179

39.5 195.0C
187.00

46
923
1..3

n
A

180.00

( on

40 • 0 243.50
-*0.0 29*3.50
196

39 0 ^23
39e0 122*00

290.00
265.00
209.50

' 0 0 106 ^0
39.0 171.50
39.5

* n U L L -3 M1 l— 1 I, A 0 1
—
—

115
AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS* CLASS A

———

c

— —

WHOLESALE t r a d e

07

177
58

39*^
90.0 277.00
90.0 190.50
212.00
90.0 179.50

1* 966

285.00
289.00

81

W nU LtwALt

. -

„

1

303.50

23^*00
172.00
169.50
213.00
J^, ^

52

no
Jo

rlJ lD i

LLUj j

M —— —————— ———— ———

235.50
261.00
39l0 208.50
38.5 229.50
90.0 259.00

C L L K l' j ?

1,062

1*1-

■

-n

39.5 189.50
40.0 199.50

38.5 193.50

90.0 289.50
38.5 222.50
39.0 266.50

ILA 33

O

—— —— —— ————

—

1,996

39.0 191.00
90.0 170.00

39.5 275.50
293.50
39.0 250.00
38.5 299.00
39.5 227.50

1' 1
1,100
1,091
109

1T r 1 J 13 »

179.00
177.00
150.50
K t TA I L

298
LL LKI VO*

r ILt

ULtMrvO*

M ——

— — —— ———

LL AO O

D — —— —

—— —

908

39.0 123.50

FIN AN CE

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

14

—

1*203

A

————— —— — ——

—

»

81
C LA SS

39.5 199.50
209.50

————— —

38.5 196.50

LLnSS

rILt

|K A U t

l ? 4 e 'jn
1J ? * - 0

116

°




D

198.00
19_,._,0

Q

592
350
292
109
59

109
906
231

j j

*r-

39.5 195.00
191.00

&63

1T

9*51A
9,877
9,637
821
882
1,785
771

1 f \A L/ u

77

U Kl / L * '

151.00

5Q

100

90.0 299.00

« 1 L u 3 A L. C
1U

39.5 213.50
90.0 218.00
^

1K A UL

w

T A B U L A TI NG -M AC HI NE o p e r a t o r s ,
CLA-.J A

950

157.50

B

—————

— ——

—— —

BaBBaa

a

169

Table A -3 . A verage w ee k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by sex,
in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Average
(m ean2 )

Average
(m ean2 )

Sex,

3

occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
heurs 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OF FI CE O C C U PA TI ON S WO M E N — CO NTINUED

Sex,

occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
H
our 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Average
(m ean2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

RE TA IL TRADE
b tK V lvL j

----------------------------------------------

—— —

70 0
90.0 186.50

734
316
418
137
88
93

39.5
90.0
39.0
38.5
38.0
39.5

179.50
187.00
173.50
159.50
168.50
169.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(Bu s i n e s s ) * c l a s s 8

$

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

330*5?o

UNAr l t K o i

vLAj j

”

——*

305.00

(BUSINESS).

$ ot

3,545
3,330

DRAr 1LRS f C L A

40.0 358.50
ri

CO MPUTER PROG RA MM ER S
CL A S S A

Weekly
hours *
[standard)

P R O F ES SI ON AL AND T E C H N I C m L
OC CU PA TI ON S - M E N — CO NTINUED

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - ME N — CO NT IN UE D
$

147

Number
of
workers

70 0
40.0 414.50

1,061
731
330

/ A
/ A

A
A

70*0

321.00
262.50

DRAFTERS. CLASS C
167

1.872
390
1.482
161
964
2.97S
527
2.448
291
116
327
1.988
87

97
73

39.5 156.50
213.50
39.5 196.00
199.00
38.5 138.50
129.00

275

283.00
40*0 294.00
251.00
39.0 247.00

54

CO MPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------- ----

39.5 269.50

123
60

186.50
40.0 23 2 . 5C

40.0 249.50

and

iS IrTiint

* 0.00
-

700

technical

OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN
321
C O MP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS
357

90.0 421.00

ELEC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS:
HANUr Av» 1UK 11'O -

7 0 f 3ie '"o

PROFES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
COMP UT ER PR OG RA MM ER S

See footnotes at end of t a bl e s.

15

(BUSINESS),

M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

282.50
40.0 320.00
39.0 253.50
227.00

70

40.0 283.00
39 • 5
• 00

225

A 211.00

246.00
3 .0 194.00

39.5 245.00
40.0 274.00
210.50
30^5
39.5 193.00
39.5 208.50
40.0 224.00
184.00

NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG :




194.50

1R|lT|_ n

238
io
professional

229.50

72

, .^ - r
r

/A A O/ J A A
n
J .0 1 ->»00
.- _

. .-AL*
. ..-T.
MANUr A v 1 UN 1 HO

393

Table A-3a. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sexlarge establishments in Detroit, Mich., March 1976
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Weekly
haun *
[standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN
$
hti

AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS. CLASS

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
standard]

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE O C CU PA TI ON S WO M E N — CONT IN UE D

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OF FICE OC CU PA TI ON S WO M E N — CONTINUED

AO.O 297.50
AO.O 298.00
39.5 218.50

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

39.0 156.50

431
6A

AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS. CLASS A

Average
(m ean2 )

Average
(m ean2 )

Average
(m ean2 )
Number
of
wodcers

59
5A

1,087
A17
670

39.5 159.50
39.5 155.00

176

AO.O 29A.00

33A
127
93

39.0 185.00
39.5 15A.00

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,

87

39.5 2A0.00

35A

631
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

229.50
182.00
1A9.00
39.5 1A7.50

A21.00

T A BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
70

308.00
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N OT A BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------- -— -—

52

2A9.00

622
162
A60
278

153.50
!o 181.50
39.5 1A3.50

ao

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN

F XL E C L C 8 K j ? C L A j j A
>
*
( B US IN ES S). CLASS A
S
WOMEN

125.00
12A.0G

364.00
A , 210
2,812

'
Z

935

/ 0. a 193.50
n

253

*
"
7 a A oi?*22
40*0 J1 .50

1 ,A2A
968
A56

33 * 283 5C
"
AO.O 295.00
39.0 258.50

65
1A2
C>6

"M UL Lw ALu

251
2A3

271*00
•" 225.00

39.5 213.50
39.5 22A.50
36..J ^ C 7 . j O

1K A U t
-

73

r
-

^ r>^^ - - T T
rr,

33 5
AO.O
39.0
39.0
39.5

1,805
8Al
96A

rr ~ e
-T ~

/A
205 00
y 0 0 238.50
39.5 17A.0O
•,0.0

116
67

39 5
AO.O 175.00

910
516
39A
169
70

21 6.5C
231.00
39.0 203.50
AO.O lC-’.OO

1,672
637
1,035
162
723
99

170 00
190.50
39.5 157.00
39.0 20 6 . 0C
1A6.50
AO.O 161.00

153
67

39.0 161.00
39.0 1A2.00

1,237
A29

33 c 223.00
39.0

1 »2A1
337

102




30*° 169.50

39.5 198.00
2A0.50
I6*n 182.00
#

7o Q

16

. .______
.
663
521

7 o n 362.50
/ 0.0 366.00
A* A

60
CO MPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S

(BUSINESS),

39.5 309.50

517
172
71

/A A
/ A ’A 3A6.50
jy
32A.50

C O MP UT EP PROG RA MM ER S
CL
R

(BUSINESS),

A19
238

295.50

89

228.50
AO.O 2A7.50
39.5 20A.O0
39.0 17A.50
175.50

176
113

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

________

MO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG :

70 0

187 oc
/A A 188.50
33 ^
39.5 222.00
39.5 1A2.00

162

____ ____

*
■
- - *A
/A A
40.0 118.00

219
6A

^54 '"o
271.00
225.50
23A.00
196.00

3 3G9
2 , 1A8
1.2A1
2A*»
365

117.00
39.5 116.00
39.5 111.00

1-7/

A
,

296.00
68
- n .V

39**" 259.00
39.5 221.50

76

^67 or

127

235.00

a

217.50
*65
3,070

on

581

A19.50
A20.00
317.00
326.00

Table A -3 a . A verag e w e e k ly earnings of o ffice, professional, and technical w o rkers, by s e x large establishm ents in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Sex,

3

occupation, and industry division

of
WOlkeiS

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

Weekly

DRAFTERS, CLASS C ---------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------E L EC TR ON IC S t e c h n i c i a n s *
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
332
305
151

40.0 278.50
40.0 279.50
40.0 318.50

67

$
40.0 286.50

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

86
50

40.0 245.50
40.0 251.00

17

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
worker.

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS - WO ME N— CONTINUED

COMPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS),
CLASS s:
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




Number

(standard)

P R O F ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - ME N — CONT IN UE D

Average
(mean*)

Average
(m ean2 )

Average
(mean2 )
Number

t O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS 8 ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------- N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C

149
68
81

39.5 226.00
40.0 251.00
39.0 205.00

------------------

79

40.0 229.50

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES ---------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------—

379
342

40.0 293.00
40.0 293^00

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m a in te n a n ce, toolroom , and p o w erp lan t w orkers in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1976
Hourly

earnings 4

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of-S
s
S
i
3
S
5
%
$
s
I
I
1
■ ---- 1 --J
I
$
3
s
s
S
4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6 .20 6 .40 6.60 6 .80 7 .00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8 .20 8 • 40 8.60 8.80

Occupation and industry division
Mean 2 Median2

worker,

Middle range 2

Under

and
%
4 60 under
‘
,.60 5.00 5.20 5.4U 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 6 .40 6 .60 6.80 7 .00

7 ,20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8 ,4Q 8 • 60 8.80

ALL WORKERS
m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r s -------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

885
722
163

$
7.52
7.41
8.01

$
7.77
7.77
7.38

$
6.886.916.50-

e l e c t r i c i a n s ----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

4*026
3.791
235

7.83
7.85
7.55

8.01
8.01
8.01

MA IN TE NA NC E PAIN TE RS ---------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------

726
619
107

7.47
7.38
7.96

m a i n t e n a n c e m a c h i n i s t s -------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

856
814

M E CH AN IC S (MACHINERY) M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

$
7.77
7.77
9.91

-

-

-

7.93- 8.02
7.95- 8.02
6.69- 8.12

-

*

7

7.68
7.68
7.78

7.12- 7.74
7.23- 7.72
6.83- 9.30

*

7.61
7.64

7.92
7.94

7.37- 7.95
7.37- 7.95

-

4.709
4,348

7.66
7.66

7.95
7.95

7.80- 8.01
7.81- 8.01

MA IN TE NA NC E MECH AN IC S
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S --------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------S E RV IC ES -------------------------

2.320
1.257
1,063
730
227
50
55

7.41
7.60
7.18
7.16
7.30
7.10
7.09

7.63
7.77
7.38
7.38
7.77
7.‘2 7
7.30

7.267.636.976.976.986.646.90-

MA IN TE NA NC E P I PE FI TT ER S ------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

2,658
2,632

7.64
7.64

MA IN TE NA NC E S H E E T- ME TA L WO RK ER S --MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

580
559

M I LL WR IG HT S --------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

-

61
5a
3

39
32
7

22
22
-

418
401
17

7
7

43
22
21

47
45
2

69
60
9

171
157
14

46
46
“

70
40
30

157
150
7

121
116
5

156
156
-

1
1

19
17
2

-

20
20
*

75
75
*

23
6
17

21
21

*

26
8
18

84
64
-

15
15
-

387
370
17

1
1
-

1
1

_
-

1
1

"

“

-

32
14

31
31

10
10

49
49

34
34

27

103
100

Ill
90

10
10

259
259

50
50

68
68

72
72

-

21

-

-

25
25

39
37

51
51

135
135

168
168

54
54

62
40

94
94

101
99

10J
9*

136
113

62
44

108 1686 1842
48 1669 1636

21
21

*

-

20
20

24

29

2*
21
3
~

29
15
7

9
7
2
2
*

17
10
7

38
15
23
23

48
9
39
16
15
8
*

34
17
17
1
7
9
*

151
12
139
130
3
6

13?
6o
71
71
-

249
69
180
158

313
49
264
230
21
12
*

639
565
74
10
52
12
-

520
421
99

-

-

95
-

-

21

38
3o
38
-

-

7

18
18
1
15
2
*

-

-

“

*

~

*

15
15

11
11

35
35

144
135

76
76

91
91

116
116

42

1325
42 1316

673
665

102
102

23
23

-

-

5
5

*

-

“

~

16
10

“

10
10

7
7

44
44

2

4
4

25
10

92
92

"

-

28
28

-

*
.

-

-

*

12
12

105
105

76
76

565
565

2

“

5
5

-

*

5
5

119 1504 1664
113 1491 1634

1
1

139
139

161
156

28
28

347
347

41
37

72
34

13

76

17
17

*

29
29

*

*

_

51
51

94
94

17
13
5
*

1
1

”

3
2
1

*

*

“

.
“

-

22
“

7.79
7.85
7.54
7.48
7.65
7.40
8.13

3
3
3
-

5
5
2
3
-

19
17
2
2
*

7.77
7.77

7.74- 7.85
7.75- 7.85

*

*

*

7.64
7.66

7.77
7.77

7.77- 7.77
7.77- 7.77

-

-

-

*

*

4.278
4,229

7.63
7.62

7.77
7.77

7.67- 7.85
7.67- 7.85

-

-

*

*

m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s h e l p e r s --------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------- —

897
783

6.10
6.07

6.07
6.07

5.79- 6.39
5.79- 6.18

29
21

5
5

MA CH IN E- TO OL O P ER AT OR S (TOOLROOM) M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

2,049
2.049

7.89
7.89

7.95
7.95

7.95- 7.99
7.95- 7.99

*

*

TOOL AND DIE MA KE RS

6,326
6,326

7.88
7.88

8.11
8.11

7.98- 8.12
7.98- 8.12

.

•

-

*

814
567
247
127
61

7.60
8.01
6.67
6.47
6.49

7.77
7.95
6.90
6.31
5.63

7.107.775.905.904. 82 -

ST AT IO NA RY ENGI NE ER S

--------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------finance - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - S E R V IC E S

BO
ILER
*
**

----------------------------------------------------------

IENDERS ------------------------

470

W o rk er s we r e distributed as follows:
W o rk er s we r e at $9.20 to $9.40.

Z

7.48

7.85

8
“
8
2
6

8.11
8.11
7.32
7.10
7.65

-

1

-

^

*

7.73- 7.85

-

*

7
7

35
30

*

*

“

.

-

-

“

102
102

-

“

15

10
5

“

5
-

37
9
28
28

5

3
-

*

10

“

1

15

10

18
16

2
2

12

6

22

6
2
2

22
21

-

-

10

-

4

*

-

1
1

*
4

at $9.40 to $9.60; 60 at $9.80 to $10; and 1 at $10.60 to $10.80.

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le s .




2

“

12
10

15

1

59
47
12

68
43
25

*

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

18
18
-

130
127
3

-

manufacturing

91
83

34
15
19

”

maintenance

68
5
*63

18
18

5
b
“

*

1
1
-

7
4
3

7

maintenance

-

8
7
1

2
2

2

"

~

18

5

13

9

11
3
8
8
8

4

-

2

£

-

7
15

81
81

352
352

-

-

-

-

-

-

422
422

69
69

12
12

“

5
5

372 4472
372 4472

62
62

4
4

*

75
75

76
65
11

66
55
11

-

-

167
167

614
614

65
65

154
154

77
77

19
16
3
2

4

38
20
18
16

54

10
10

*

*

48
35
13
8
-

115
89
26
7
15

12

-

5

•

-

17
17

3

-

-

-

50
50

21

-

-

.

65
65

6

-

-

-

14
14

-

-

-

_

-

30
30

-

-

48
- **48

-

-

-

4

21
21

a

-

44

-

-

.

51
51

-

949 2010
936 1910
13
100

-

-

54
30
*

1
1
-

•

10
8

2
2

4
4
-

2
2
-

43 1293
43 1293

54

123
123
-

131
130
1

5
5

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

7

280
15

•

.

4

-

6
20

Table A -4 a . H ourly earnings of m ain tenance, toolroom , and po w erp lan t w o rkers—large establishm ents
in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1976
Hourly earnings

4

N u m b e r of w o rker s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
$
S
t
i
s
$
$
3
$
S
S
$
$
$
i
S
S
$
S
$
♦O
4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5. 80 6.00 6 .20 6 .40 6 . 6 0 6.80 7.00 7.2'J 7 .‘ 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00
4.60

O ccu p a tion and in d u str y d iv is io n
workers

M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range

2

and
u n d er

4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6. 00 6.20 6 .40 6 .60 6.80 7.00 7.2 0 7.40 7 • 6Q 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8,89 9.00 over
ALL WORKERS
MA INTENANCE c a r p e n t e r s -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

76b
674
92

$
7.36
7.42
6.98

$
7.77
7.77
6.95

$
6.886.886.30-

$
7.77
7.77
7.38

-

*
-

-

-

-

2
2

5
4
1

7
4
3

18
18

25
15
10

130
127
3

68
43
25

44
41
3

lb
9
7

22
22
-

418
401
17

e l e c t r i c i a n s ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

3.744
3.S71
173

7.88
7.88
7.70

8.01
8.01
8.01

7.95- 8.02
7.95- 8.02
7.18- 8.12

•
“

*

-

5
5
-

_
“

_
“

_
-

22
22
-

26
24
2

57
55
2

144
130
14

27
27

70
40
30

97
9u
7

43
38
5

156
156

MAINTENANCE p a i n t e r s ---------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

S63
541

7.39
7.41

7.68
7.68

7.00- 7.72
7.12- 7.72

.
-

-

1
-

-

3
2

1

14
14

•
-

11
8

20
20

75
75

23
6

21
21

9

-

'
i

15
15

387
370

MA INTENANCE m a c h i n i s t s -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

720
67b

7.70
7.75

7.94
7.94

7.54- 8.01
7.57- 8.01

.
-

-

.
-

.
-

-

.
*

.

32
14

5
5

10
10

39
39

34
34

27
27

3
“

111
90

10
10

MA INTENANCE MECH AN IC S (MACHINERY) MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

4,081
3.746

7.83
7.83

7.95
7.95

7.95- 8.02
7.95- 8.01

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

4
4

119
119

22
22

21
21

73
73

4
2

93
84

32
9

PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

1, t>0 7
1,144
463
276

7.60
7.69
7.39
7.16

7.77
7.77
7.54
7.31

7.547.707.086.90-

2
2
2

3
1

4
2
2
2

6
2
4
4

28
5
23
23

25
9
16
16

13
11
2
1

40
10
30
30

88
59
29
29

141
47
9*
87

MAINTENANCE PI PE FI TT ER S ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

2.544
2,518

7.65
7.66

7.77
7.77

15
15

8
8

35
35

144
135

76
76

91
91

16
le

MA IN TE NA NC E SH tET-METAL WORKERS --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

580
559

7.64
7.66

16
10

-

10
10

7
7

44
44

2
2

4
•
4

MI LL WR IG HT S --------------------------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

4, 161
4,112

80
80

76
76

565
565

2
2

81
81

39 1504 1664
33 1491 1634

1

139
139

MA CH IN E- TO OL OP ER AT OR S (TOOLROOM) M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------

14
14

65
6b

33
33

43 1293
43 1293

422
422

69
69

12

4
4

61
61

37
37

67
67

315

4472
315 4472

62
62

4
4

24

10
10

20
15

93
89
4

123
123

131
130

5

1
1

maint ena nc e

MA INTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

7.85
7.85
7.85
7.54

28
28

*

2

2

-

-

2
2

2
2

7.77- 7.85
7.77- 7.85

-

-

7.77
7.77

7.77- 7.77
7.77- 7.77

-

7.64
7.64

7.77
7.77

7.75- 7.65
7.75- 7.85

1,968
1,968

7.94
7.94

7.95
7.95

7.95- 8.00
7.95- 8.00

-

-

.

-

-

-

”

-

-

“

*

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

5.112
5,112

8.05
8.05

8.12
8.12

8.05- 8.12
8.05- 8.12

-

..

.

.

-

-

*

"

ST AT IO NA RY E N GI NE ER S ---------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

607
527
80

7.96
8.08
7.12

7.95
7.95
7.15

7.77- 8.11
7.77- 8.11
6.38- 7.77

1

5

-

-

1

5

nonmanu fac tu rin g

--------------------------------

1
1

5
5
5

-

-

_

_

-

-

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

~

*

-

-

_

-

5

-

*

*

1

-

_

.

-

~

•

•

-

1

-

4

1

19

-

-

3

-

3

46
46

12
12

•

6
6

17
16
1

4
2
2

14
14

.

*

*

4

*
.

5
5
_

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




3
-

32
32

1
-

15
4

1

11

*

10
6
4

-

24

1
1

*

1
1
-

949 2010
936 1910
13
100

-

83
83
*

18
18
*

1
1

1

_

1
*

-

-

259
259

50
50

68
68

72
72

48
30

108 1686 1842
48 1669 1636

1
1

62
15
47
29

627
563
64
-

520
421
99
4

34 1325
34 1316

673
665

25
10

5

352
352

2
2
-

92
92

4
4
“

•
-

102
102

38
-

38
38
23
23

.
*
1

1

-

5

-

3
3
37
37

*
*

.

-

*
*

*

-

-

.

“

-

*

•

-

-

*

”

*

•

-

•

“

-

*

28
28

*

*

*

-

*

12

-

-

-

.

.

•

*
-

*

*

*

76

3

57

65

3

52
5

11

Hourly earnings of m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1976
Hourly eanlings 4

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g straight - t im e h o u r ly earn in gs o f—
$
2 .2 0

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

S
2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .6 0

5
2 .8 0

I
3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

i
3 40

5
3 .6 0

3
$
3 .8 0 4 .0 0

I
4 .2 0

s
4 .40

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

I
5 .2 0

$
5*40

$
5 .8 0

6 .2 0

S
6 .6 0

1 --------- 1 ------I
7 .0 0 7 .40 7 .80

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 60

3 .80

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 • 8Q 5 . 0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7.0'J

7 .40

7 .80

over

20
-

148
148
14
12b

51
-

64
4
60
-

1247
632
615
171
338
98
-

2000
590
1410
96s
365
80
-

3435
33
3402
2603
314
4d5
-

1243
975
268
80
69
118
-

-

i

i

S

and
under
2 .40

o
o

Table A -5 .

4 .20

11
-

193
a
185
134
32
3
16

65
8
57
1
30
16
2
8

123
53
70
1
21
48
-

11
8
3
-

10
-

ALL WORKERS
T R U C KD RI VE RS --------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ----------WH OLESALE TRADE -----------RE TAIL TRADE --------------f i n a n c e --------------------SERV IC ES --------------------

1 0.420
2 .8 1 9
7.6 0 1
3.851
1 .9 4 3
1 .2 1 1
76
520

$
6 .5 7
6 .6 5
6 .5 4
7 .1 5
6 .0 7
5 .9 8
4 .7 1
5 .2 8

$
6 .88
6 .78
6 .88
7 .3 1
6 .22
6 .83
S . 19
6 .0 2

$
6 .2 2 6 .4 1 6 .1 0 6 .8 8 5 .0 0 “
4 .5 0 3 .9 9 3 .9 7 -

$
7 .3 1
7 .4 2
7 .3 1
7 .31
6 .8 3
7 .2 9
5 .31
6 .0 2

TR UC KD RI VE RS . LIGHT TRUCK --M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------FI NA NC E --------------------S E RV IC ES --------------------

648
195
653
141
72
250

5 .3 6
5 .8 0
5 .2 3
4 .7 5
4 .7 4
4 .8 0

6 .02
6 .17
6 .0 2
3 .7 0
5 .19
6 .02

4 .1
5 .2
3 .5
3 .1
4 .0
3 .4

4
0
5
5
2
0

-

6 .3 1
6 .3 1
6 .2 2
6 .5 8
5 .3 1
6 .02

TR UC KDRIVERS. ME DI UM TRUCK —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------WH OL ES AL E t r a d e -----------S E RV IC ES --------------------

2 .0 3 0
414
1 .6 1 6
890
82

6 .2 3
5 .9 4
6 .3 1
5 .7 9
5 .1 1

6 .57
6 .5 3
6*64
6 .05
6 .02

5
5
6
4
3

1
1
2
9
8

-

7.31
6 .54
7.31
6 .8 3
6 .0 2

TRUCKD RI VE RS . HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) ---------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------P U BL IC U T IL IT IE S ----------WHOL ES AL E TRADE -----------R E TA IL TRADE --------------TR UC KD RI VE RS . HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) --------

5 .7 7 6
1.5 4 3
4 ,2 3 3
2 .7 6 4
516
930

6 .8 3
6 .99
6 .77
7 .1 2
6 .3 0
6 .0 1

7 .29
7 .4 2
7 .29
7 .31
7 .21
7 .2 5

6
6
6
6
4
4

.1
.1
.0
.7
.9

.8
.8
.8
.8
.9
.5

8
7
8
8
0
0

-

7.31
7 .4 2
7 .3 1
7 .31
7 .2 8
7 .2 9

927

6 .9 1

7 .31

6 .2 2 -

497
306
191
176

6 .5 0
6 .6 2
6 .3 2
6 .4 0

6 .6 1
6 .6 1
6 .6 9
6 .69

6 .6 0 6 .6 1 5 .8 0 6»60*

6 .6 9
6 .8 2
6 .6 9
6 .6 9

R E CE IV IN G CLERKS ----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e -----------RE TAIL TRADE ---------------

1,0 4 8
550
148
336

5 .4 9
4 .6 7
6 .01
3 .85

5 .87
4 .7 5
6 .6 1
3 .5 0

4 .7 5
3 .0 5
5 .2 6
2 .6 9

-

6 .6 1
5 .8 1
6 .61
4 .7 5

SHIP PI NG AND R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

638
409
229

6 .2 2
6 .2 5
6 .18

6 .57
6 .54
6 .61

5 .7 2 5 .7 3 5 .7 2 -

2 .8 9 5
677
2 .2 1 8
1,081

5 .9 2
5 .9 8
5 .9 0
5 .97

5 .8 7
6 .0 6
5 .86
6 .4 3

5
5
5
5

.8
.6
.8
.0

6
2
6
1

-

6 .44
6 .4 4
6 .44
6 .49

ORDER F I LL ER S -------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------W H OL ES AL E TRADE ----------RE TAIL TRADE ---------------

3 ,4 3 3
498
2 ,9 3 5
2 ,365
490

6 .0 6
5 .9 1
6 .0 8
6 .0 5
6 .2 9

6 .3 7
6 .3 7
6 .3 7
6 .3 7
6 .1 8

5
5
5
5
5

.5
.3
.5
.6
.3

7
5
7
7
9

-

6 .61
6 .4 7
6 .61
6 .61
7 .3 7

15
-

6

129
129
79
-

-

-

5

-

-

50

5
46

31
5
24

-

-

-

65
-

50
-

28
-

1
-

20
15
-

38
38
30
8

65
15
-

50
-

1
-

5

-

-

50

28
15
3
10

_

_

_

-

-

-

14
14
14

*

*

”

-

_

_

20
-

20
-

51
-

5
45

-

1
-

-

1
-

”

1

20
4
16
14

11
4
1
6

3

1
-

-

10
-

150
-

10
6

150
134
16

10
2
8
31
31
30
“

122
27
95
2
70
18
5

191
23
16o
1
163
-

-

-

~

-

-

26
26
-

6
-

15
13
2
2

23
23
-

37
9
28

11

28

6

-

-

-

-

-

132

-

-

-

23
22
1

63
4
59
56

2
2
-

18
13
5
5
”

233
29
204
168
36

263
211
52
22
8

315
-

657
657
88
”

64

-

-

-

-

98

64

-

*

*

“

“

96

64

*

it
10
1
-

16

_

32
32

74
5
69

16o

-

24
8
16

30
-

16

30

163

16

21
46

14
16

165

32

6
-

2
-

274
180
154
1
n o
32
11

20 1
102
99
98
-

64
2b
38
10
28

“

178
126
52
2
5
16
6
23

862
19 4
668
20
308
7
333

8

-

“

1

-

29
21
8
-

186
54
132
-

185
34
151
64
-

Ill
27
84
-

7
3
4
-

-

.
-

19
9
10

131
92
39

-

32

10

-

b

3
2
1

1
1

6
5
1

*

-

-

17
17
9
8

16
16
9
7

67
50
7
43

b

J

15

31
24
7

18
18

18
lo

15

16

44
12
32

6

-

-

*

-

38
38
38

-

76
76
76

-

-

3
3
3

40
4U
40

10
10
10

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
-

-

-

-

11
11
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

“

"

38

”

16
16

_

9

-

-

38

”

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




6
2
3

<
L

6
6

9b

_

44
44
28

87
-

2
-

26

87
39

2
2

5

86
20
66
66

9

6 .61
6 .61
6 .6 1

W A R E HO US EM EN --------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ------------

-

-

-

7 .31

S H IP PI NG CLERKS -----------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ------------

-

20

_

-

16
16
16

-

5
5
5

-

-

26
26

-

-

-

90

8

-

2

33
12
21

-

-

-

2

14

5

2
-

90
90

-

9
9

5

2

16

84
72
12
5
7

328
121
207
146
27
34

6

-

163

57
28
29
22

18
17
1

-

12
4
8
7

33
13
6
7

43
33
15
18

64
29
7
22

12
2
lo

24
24

26
26

7h
24
5v
42

204
26
178
1 18

42

3o

168
b9
99
97
2

-

-

-

9
7
2

-

-

42
42

3o

“

3u

-

315
275

18
17
1
1

-

_
*

.

1305
303
1002
952
2
48

22v6
30
2176
1581
218
377

1158
891
267
80
69
118

72

139

4b3

67

-

17
10
7
7

315
185
130
130

29
26
3
2

16
15
1
1

15
14
1
1

106
74
6
3

21
10
10

425
79
79

23
18

2
-

17
-

-

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

59
26
33

18
14
4

168
14?
26

241
107
134

17
17

38
27
11
11

112
103
9
7

945
135
81 o
9

1033
29?
741
711

197
9
188
4

34
J4
-

277
64
213
119
94

342
9
333
312
21

225
19
206
118
88

1085
301
784
720

878
4
874
794
80

*

-

-

“

-

-

17
17

-

-

25
1
24
24

-

_

ls2
-

-

152

-

-

-

-

-

152

”

*

-

T ab le A -5 .

H ourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1976— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f —

Hourly earnings 4

1

s

2.20 2.40

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n
Median^

S

S

2.60 2.80

I

s

I

i

s

i

s

3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20

and

*

$

$

I

i

'

4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20

$------- S-------- 1----- 1-------- J------- S------- S-----5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0 6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

5,40 5 . 8 n

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 Q

7 ,8 0

over

240
240

731
442
289
289

2
2

-

.

under
2,4Q 2.6Q 2,80 3,00 3.20 3»*0 3,60 3,60 4.QQ 4,20 4,40 4,6Q 4«80 5.00

5.^Q

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

5.74
5.79
5.65
5.70

6.19
6.00
6.30
6.30

$
5.185.135.335.36-

$
6.47
6.47
6.40
6.40

6.707
4,398
2,309
B67
573
665

5.94
6.00
5.84
7.07
5.81
4.64

6.32
6.30
6.46
7.21
6.37
4.18

5.956.304.416.944.953.15-

6.53
6.53
7.11
7.21
6.46
6.53

9.700
8,523
1,177
786
382

6.32
6.30
6.44
6.37
6.59

6.53
6.52
6.53
6.44
6.58

6.446.446.296.296.58-

6.53
6,53
6.58
6.53
7.06

S H I P P I N G PACKERS -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------WHOLESALE t r a d e ---------

1.547
1,009
538

M ATERI AL h a n d l i n g l a b o r e r s
MANUFACTURING ---------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------R E T A I L TRADE -------------------F O R K L I F T OPERATORS MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING •
w h olesale

RETA IL
POWER- TRUCK

tr a d e

TRADE

—

OPERATORS

$

$

----------------------

872

6.42

6.46

6.46- 6.58

7*063
2,429
4,634
107
502
3.801

<♦.35
6.47
3.23
3.18
4.59
2.87

3.08
6.69
2.88
3.00
4.61
d.b 8

2.886.622.602.883.702.50-

GUARDS:
watchmen:

o.

*

•

6.69
6.70
3.08
3.49
5.31
3.08

43

82

49

-

-

51

-

-

7

43

51

82

7

43

51

7

-

-

-

-

“

92

49

113
61
52

188
139
49

176
160
16

212
153
59

139
35
104

49
16
33

24
10
14

111
4d
69

49

39

52

49

16

9
50

91
13

-

78

33

14

4d
21

-

-

-

39
36
3
3
-

103
88
15
14
1

68
68
-

24

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
10
1

-

15
14
1

18
17
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

101
101
3
42
56

44
44
i
38
5

50
6
44
2
27
15

39
39
3
21
15

57
40
17
17

-

128
6
122

75
36
39

-

-

139
13o

24
3
21
21

45
30
15
7

384
55
329
200
56
73

665

12

33

218 3795
95 3404
123 391
19
64
260
131
40

665
631
34

12
12

325
265
60
14
46

543 7353
419 6620
124 733
120
566
4
160

472
364
108
69
39

56
23
33

116
42

33

74

-

67
5
62
9
45
d

37
10
27
8
-

-

19

1 J6
176

176
176

-

-

-

229
20b
2a

-

143

5.02

4,98

4.55- 5.68

<♦•69
5.85
3.72
5.39
5.61
3.60
3.81
3.4b

4.55
6.21
3.53
5.51
6.21
3.42
3.40
3.53

3.535.733.374.956.213.013.403.25-

M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

*

-

441
441
441

647
647
9
«
638

-

-

-

397 1016 1210
5
397 1016 1205
25
18
11
28
30
386 970 1129

98
5
93
13
37
43

61
5
56
18
10
28

69
36
33
1
15
17

-

-

-

3

36

22

58
-

69
8
61
59
-

141
62
79
1
36
40

210
177
33

6.21
6.21
3.83
5.88
6.21
3.97
4.14
3.55

50
4G
10
i
9
-

-

-

74
-

-

1
49
8

*

*
2=2
2s2
2
83
12
155

289
8
281
18
138
125

b

”

180
180
24
156

185
8
177
3
38
10
126

398
9
389
171
14
204

5

“

*

3

*

34

15

12

384 2745
25
102
359 2643
2
10
152
184
38 493
159 1964

679
85
594
139
109
346

423
57
366
3
142
44
177

146
17
129

199
93
106
4
5
18
29
50

129
10
119
8
1
3
85
22

269
97
172
44
3
92
22
11

300
194
10o
54

5

6

30
39
54

2b

26
-

5
184
108
16
6
10

23

375
309
66
63
3
-

431
248
183
75
3
74
31

491

206

8

-

-

278
266
12
10

258
134
124
84
-

1949
1802
147
•
-

15
IS
•
-

15
5
10
•
-

_
-

C

08

*ro

, u

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND C L EA NE RS ' --- 11.961
5,438
M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------6,523
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------384
p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s --------------192
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ---------------1,319
RETAIL TRADE -------------------995
FI NA NC E -------------------------SFRV IC ES ------------------------- 3,633




123
120
3
3

72
72

(OTHER

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NU NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

THAN FORKLIFT)

25
25

122 1802
*

96

C

24

12

“

*

580 3663
461 3501
119
162
119
4
152
6
-

109
46
63
61
2

41
41
41

-

-

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

2 .6 0

2 .4 0

y*

2 .6 0

and
under

$

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 ,2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

0
0

2 .6 0

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
4
T
s
4
1 —
$
1 ---- $
t
s

4
3 ,0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .ttv

5

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

5

5 .2 0

5

29

5

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

4
6 . 2o

.5 ,8 0

00

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

123

557

T ---- s

538

i

i

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

1

workers

s

1

O c c u p a t i o n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

4
2 .4 0

ro &

%

2.20

Number

C
D
O

Table A -5 a . Hourly earnings of m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w o rk e rs —large establishm ents
in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1976

3 .0 0

3 .6 0

7 .8 0
and

4 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

ALL WORKERS
$

7*^0

1 .4 8 9
>'L 1 A 1 U

1 WAUL

I'zZ.

76
66

$

^ * cl

$

$
6 * 84

7

* L''

7

7

ni

'•xi

4

CC

JU

2

7

10

‘" * 3 1

-*• 2 5

4 .6 6

1 *d

7 ,2 9

• « .?

C CO

6

'

1

8

r*
/ *RQ
4l* 0 9

22

*

J?

^*

.

5 ,3 1

C '

6

TIJUCKDRIVERS* h e a v y t r u c k
1 1n A 1 L t> ' 1
1 )2 5 9
742
353

1r
*

60

,

, ,

,2
^ /f t

1

336

3 .8 5

3 .5 0

4 .7 5

-

38
38

76

3

40

10

11

16

5

8

8

7

43

3

7

C *"7
6 .4 4

j

2 112
1 .6 8 3

UKUL*' r 1 L L tK

6

MANUr A t 1 UK ll'iO

6

M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------

6 .3 2

6 .3 0 -

75
36

49

39

6 .5 3
43

^ *17

*r

56
40

32

16

15

-

-

50
18

3
168
142
40

230
102

611

177

637

9*
30

50

13

33

50
50

96
44

121

, ^

13

8

289

119

30
49

J 3V
266

30

6 .4 0
78

5

30
11

20

70
70
6 .3 0 -

43
6 .2 6

22
22

60
26
14

c*^ c
6 .4 0
4 .8 5 4
3 .8 3 5
1 .0 1 9

2

33

*

18

20

77

297
8

80

24
24

2 .6 9 -

67
12

18

-

3a
RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------------

If
16

10

3CC7
3404

33

24
10

n7
95

55

J-

-

1
6*44

6*^3

P 9 WE R- TR UC K OPER AT OR S

6608

.

6*57
r ^A

1

£

74

(OTHER

h0
6 .6 9 -

42

6 .7 0
257

“ t •A I L

1nM Ut

28

29
27

12

17

*****
4«6 1

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le s .




30

33
32

450

22

17

26
1
15

266

d

Table A -5 a . Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers—large establishm ents
in D e tro it, M ic h ., M a rc h 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Hourly earnings 4
$

Occupation and industry division
workers

M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

=
t
>

2.20

Number

2 .4 0

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
i
$
$
$
$
$
S
1
$
%
S
S
%
$
%
$
S
T ~
S
2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4«6o 4.80 S.oo 5.20 5« 4o 5.80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.8o

and
under

and

2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20

5.80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.80

over

ALL W O RK ER S—
CONTINUED
GUARDS AND W A T C H M E N — CO NTINUED
guards;

MANUFA CT UR IN G

2.202

$
6.60

$
6.69

$
$
6.69- 6.70

watchmen:
manufacturing

74

5.60

5.52

5.35- 5.84

5.20
6.05
3.99
5.36
3.74
3.90

6.12
6.21
3.53
5.39
3.60
3.94

3.536.213.534.953.133.50-

janitors, porters.

AND CLEwNERS
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------PURLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------RETAIL TRADE --------------FINANCE ---------------------

7.824
4.614
3.210
348
973
260

6.21
6.21
4.25
5.88
3.97
4.46

3

6

3

*

15
16

-

16

-

16

45
45
45

92

56

145

152 1518

84

48

141

84

38
10

125
14

144 1518
2
105
69
29
20

8

-

8

-

8

See footnotes at end of tables.




”

23

-

177
6
171
123
48

169

8
161
3
142
16

55

48

82

55
6
28
21

48
4
14
29

82
6
3
73

-

-

-

185
65
120
44
76

-

116
3e
80
54
26

113
107
6

-

6

24

242

5

18

24

362
296
66
63
3

291
208
83
70
3

122 1802
12

472 3632
376 3481
96
151
96
6

"

-

-

-

-

64
1
63
61

38
▼
32
-

-

-

-

-

-




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Detroit, Mich., March 1976
Sex,

3

occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average

Sex,

( hou 1 )
earnings4

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND
PO WE RP LA NT O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN
884
721
163

MA IN TE NA NC E EL EC TR IC IA NS ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

4,024
3,789
235

MA IN TE NA NC E PA INTERS --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

726
619
107

7.47
7.38
7.96

m a c h i n i s t s ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------

856
814

7.61
7.64

4*708
4,347

7.66
7.65

MA IN TE NA NC E ME CHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU PI NG ---------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -------------WH OLESALE TRADE --------------RE TAIL TRADE ------------------SE RVICES ------------------------

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

$

7.83
7.85
7.55

MA IN TE NA NC E MECH AN IC S (MACHINERY) •
M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------

occupation, and industry division

MA TERIAL MO VEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN
$
7.52
7.41

MA IN TE NA NC E CA RP EN TE RS ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

maintenance

3

2,318
1,257

truckdrivers

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MA NU FA CT UR IN G

----------------PU BL IC UT ILITIES ----------------------------------WHOLESALE t r a d e -------------------------------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SE RVICES ---------------------------------------------------------

nonmanufacturing

8 .0 1

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT TRUCK -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------------------------------SE RVICES ------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM TRUCK ---------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------ ---------------WHOLESALE t r a d e -------------------------------------SE RVICES ----------------------------------------------------------

5.36
5.83
5.23
4.75
4.74
4.80

927

6.91

--------------------------------------

465
287
178
167

6.48
6.58
6.32
6.38

RECE IV IN G CLERKS ------------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------WH OLESALE TRADE -------------------------------------RETAIL t r a d e ----------------------------------------------

859
402
145
193

5.91
5.27
6.04
4.51

SH IPPING AND RECE IV IN G CLERKS ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

549
357
192

6 .2 2

W A R F H O U S E M E N --------------------- -------------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

2,805

ORDER FILLERS ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

2,724
375
2,349
1,903
376

2,656
2,630

7.64
7.64

MA IN TE NA NC E SH EET-METAL WORKERS -M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------

579
558

7.64
7.66

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) -------------

MI LL WR IG HT S ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

4* d 7b
4,227

7.63
7.62

SHIP PI NG CLERKS ---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------N U N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES HELPERS ------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

897
783
114

MACHIN E- TO OL OPER AT OR S (TO u l ROOM)
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

2,049
2,049

7.89
7.89

TOOL a n d DIE MA KE RS --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

6,324
6,324

7.88
7.88

ST ATIONARY e n g i n e e r s -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------FINANCE ----------------------SE RVICES ----------------------

814
567
247
127
61

7.60

BOILER TENDERS --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

470

7.48
6.07

62

844
191
653
141
72
250

1 ,2 1 1

6.83
6.99
6.77
7.12
6.30

MAIN TE NA NC E PI PE FI TT ER S -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

wholesale

6 .1 0

6.67
6.47
6.49

76
520

6.54
7.15
6.07
5.98
4.71
5.28

5,775
1,542
4,233
2,764
516
930

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) -----------------------------------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------r e t a i l t r a d e --------------------

8 .0 1

6 .6 6

6.23
5.94
6.31
5.79
5.11

729
226
50
55

6.07
6.30

6.57

413
1,607
890
82

7.41
7.60
7.18
7.16
7.30
7.10
7.09

1 ,0 6 1

10,405
2.813
7,592
3,842
1,943

See fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b le s .

24

trade

2 ,0 2 0

666

2,139
1,015

6 .0 1

6.19
6 .1 2

5.90
5.99
5.88
5.94
6 .2 2

5.94
6.26
6 .2 2

6.50




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Detroit, Mich., March 1976— Continued
Number

Number

Sex,

3

occupation, and industry division

of
workers

Sex,

3

occupation, and industry division

earnings4

of
workers

Average
(m ea„A )
hourly
earnings *

MATE RI AL MO VEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
O C C U PA TI ON S - ME N — CO NTINUED

MATE RI AL MO VtMENT AND CUSTODIAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - ME N — CO NTINUED

$

$
7 ’ ???,
4.61c:

766

j.OQ

nonmanufacturing:

4.09
6.332

,

1.014

6*00

1C7
PU RL IC U T IL IT IE S -------------—

866

S.92
7.07
MATE RI AL m o v e m e n t AND CUSTODIAL
O C C U PA TI ON S - WOMEN

4.74
3 *4 9 4
1.169

6.31
6.30
6.44

•

6.42

46t

(OTHER
6.445
8.383
A . 062
498
3.278

guards

4*46
6 • 47
3.26

5.61

4.59

315
5.51

2 .8 8

:

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND C l E m .l RS:
M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG S

watchmen:

143
See fo o tn o te s

5.34

'"GO

P O WE R- TR UC K OPER AT OR S

5.02

a t en d o f ta b le s .

25

tt26

5.66

Table A-6a. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement.
and custodial workers, by sex—large establishments in Detroit, Mich., March 1976
Sex,

3

occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean2 )

________

3

occupation, and industry division

__________________
673
92

Number
of

A verage
(m ean 2 )

$
7.36
7.42
6.98

2,044

7.88
7.88
7.70
7.39
7*41

— ——

—

—

MA IN TE NA NC E ME CHANICS

(MACHINERY) -

MA IN TE NA NC E ME CHANICS

manufacturing

——

—— —— — —

—

MA IN TE NA NC E SH EE T- ME TA L WORKERS --m a n u f a c t u r i n g —— —
— — — — —

4,080
3,745

7*64
7,66




2

t0

„ ,r .

000

742

7.08
7.27
6 .6 8

306
193

5.12
4.51

watchmen:

5.60
JANITORSf PORTERSf AND CLEANERS:
NO NM AN UE AC TU RI NG :
3. 8 6
4.01

*.3f
c
MA TERIAL MOVEMENT AND CU STODIAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
If 662

6.49

6.45

288

6 .1 0

6.15
500

7.94
8.05
8.05

607
527
80

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings4

It 755

GUARDS I
2

7.64
7.64

96Q
1,968

Number
of
workers

$

5.18
4.92
4.89

7 65
7.66

5.110
5.110

(TOOLROOM) -

occupation, and industry division

$
6.95
6.85
7.10
7.27
4.89

H E a VY t r u c k

7.16

4,159
4,110
MA CH IN E- TO OL OPER AT OR S

truckdrivers*

7.60
7,69

579
558

66

7.83
7.83

- -4 2.516

66

117
76

7.70
7.75

1.605
1.144

machinists

720
678

275

maintenance

3

MA TERIAL m o v e m e n t a n d c u s t o d i a l
O C CU PA TI ON S - ME N — CO NTINUED

CUSTODIAL
MEN

609
3.742
3,569

Sex,

earnings4

material movement anu
occupations -

m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and
PO WE RP LA NT OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN

^

Sex,

7.96
8.08
7.12

6

! 34

6 .0 0

3,620
880
577

6.25 MATE RI AL HAND LI NG LA B0RtK5 —— —
4.97
4.22
6

4°

7f 612

6.40

221

6.60

— —

354

5.60

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS:
NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG :

See footnotes at end of tables.

26

3.33




Table A -7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups, adjusted fo r em p lo ym en t shifts,
in D e tro it, M ic h ., for selected periods
Industry and occupational group
(m en and w o m e n combined)

February 1972 to M a r c h 1973
13 -month
increase

Annual rate
of increase

M a r c h 1973
to
M a r c h 1974

M a r c h 1974
to
M a r c h 1975

M a r c h 1975
to
M a r c h 1976

All industries:
Office clerical___________________________________
Electronic data processing_____________ ______
Industrial n u r s e s ________ _ ______ _____ ______
_
Skilled maintenance trades * * __________ _ _____
Unskilled plant workers * * ____ ___ _______ _____

5.7
*
5.7
5.3
6.5

5.3
*
5.3
4.9
6.0

7.1
*
8.8
8.6
9.3

10.5
9.5
13.0
10.4
11.4

7.7
7.0
7.9
7.2
8.6

Manufacturing:
Office clerical___________________________________
Electronic data processing__ _ _ _____ _________
Industrial n u r s e s ____ ________________ _________
Skilled maintenance trades * * ________ _________
Unskilled plant workers * * ____ _________________

4.7
*
5.5
5.2
6.1

4.3
*
5.1
4.8
5.6

7.1
*
8.8
8.7
10.6

12.3
9.7
13.0
10.5
12.4

7.4
6.7
7.9
7.1
8.3

Nonmanufacturing:
Office clerical_________________________ _ _______
Electronic data processing______________________
Industrial n u r s e s ________________________ _____
Skilled maintenance trades ** _______ ___________
Unskilled plant workers * * ____
_ ____ _______

6.6
♦
6.5
***
7.5

6.1
*
6.0
***
6.9

7.0
*
***
***
5.6

8.9
9.7
***
***
9.1

8.0
7.5
***
***
9.0

*
**
***

Data not available.
Percent increases for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to m e n only.
Data do not me e t publication criteria.

27

B.

E sta b lis h m en t practices and su p p lem en tary w a g e provisions

Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Detroit, Mich.. March 1976
Inexperienced typists
Manufactur ing
M i n i m u m weekly straight-time salary

Other inexperienced clerical workers '
Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 6 of—

All
industries
Manufacturing

Non­
manufacturing

All
indu stries
371 ,
/

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 6 of—
Nonma nu f actur ing

Manufacturing

3 7 ‘/ 2

ESTA BL IS HM EN TS ST UD IE D -----------ESTA BL IS HM EN TS HA VI NG A SP ECIFIED
MINIMUM ------------------------------$85.00
$87.50
$90.00
$92.50
$95.00
*97.50
*100.00
$105.00
$110.00
$115.00
$120.00
$125.00
$130.00
$135.00
$140.00
$145.00
*150.00
$155.00
$160.00
$165.00
$170.00
$175.00
$180.00
$185.00
$190.00
$195.00
$200.00
$205.00
$210.00
$215.00
$220.00
$225.00
$230.00
$235.00
$240.00

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER

21

$8 7.SO ----------*90.00 ----------*9 2 . 5u ----------$95.00 ----------*97.50 ----------$100.00 ---------

2

14

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER

$105.00 -------$110.00 -------$115.00 -------$120.00 -------*125.00 -------$130.00 -------$135.00 -------$140.00 -------$145.00 -------$150.00 -------$155.00 -------$160.00 -------$165.00 -------*170.00 -------$ 1 7 5 . Oo -------$180.00 -------*185.00 -------*190.00 -------$195.00 -------$200.00 -------$205.00 -------$210.00 -------$215.00 -------$220.00 -------$225.00 -------$230.00 -------$235.00 -------$240.00 -------a n d o v e r -------------------

8

10

9
8
9
6
3
1
3
3
2

ESTA BL IS HM EN TS HA VI NG NO SPEC IF IE D
MINIMUM -------------------------------

XXX

E S TA BL IS HM EN TS WHICH DID NUT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATE GO RY -----------

XXX

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




28




Table B -2 . Late shift pay provisions for fu ll-tim e m anufacturing plant
w o rkers in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1976
(All full-time m a n u f a cturing plant w orkers = 100 percent)
W o r k e r s on late shifts

All workers 7
Item
Second shift

Third shift

Second shift

Third shift

100.0

96.5

31.9

10.8

.2
99.3
30.5
68.9
.4

96.5
27.9
68.3
.3

.1
31.9
6.6
25.3
-

.
10.8
3.1
7.7
“

16.2
5.1

22.7
9.9

16.7
5.1

25.7
10.0

PERCENT OF WORKERS
IN E S TA BL IS HM EN TS

w ith

late

SHIFT PR OV IS IO NS -----

WITH NO PAY DIFF ER EN TI AL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK ---- WITH PAY DIFF ER EN TI AL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK --------UN IF OR M C E NT S- PE R- HO UR DI FF ERENTIAL -------------U N IF OR M PE RC EN TA GE DI FF ERENTIAL ------------------OTHER DIFF ER EN TI AL ---------------------------------AVERAGE PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UN IF OR M C E NT S- PE R- HO UR DI FF ER EN TI AL ---------------UN IF OR M PE RC EN TA GE D I F F E R E N T I A L ----- :
--------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PF.R-HOURi
5 C E N T S -------------------------------------------7 CENTS -------------------------------------------10 CENTS ------------------------------------------12 C E t - T S ------------------------------------------13 AND UNDER 14 C E N T S --------------------------14 CENTS ------------------------------------------15 CENTS ------------------------------------------16 CENTS ------------------------------------------17 C E N T S ----------------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------I B CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------19 AND UNDER 20 CtNTS -------------------------------------------------------20 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------22 AND UNDER 23 C c NTS -------------------------------------------------------23 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------24 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------30 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------32 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------36 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGES
3 PERCENT -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5 PERCENT -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 PERCENT -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 AND UNDER 8 PERCENT -------------------------------------------------------10 PERCENT ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

.4
.3
7.7
1.5
.4
1.0
2.9
.9

•4

-

-

-

-

-

.7
.9
.4
.8
3.1
-

1.3
•4
.3
.1
.9
•1
.4

.1
(9)
(9)
.1

1.0
.4
5.0
2.0
.5

.i

(9)
(9)
.7
.3
(9)

2.1
.6
•4

10.3
-

.5
.8
.5
-

.4
*

.3
66.7

.8

-

1.1

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s.

29

-

4.6
5.8
.9
•4
.5
.5
-

.3
-

1.7
66.2

.2
2.3
-

.1
.1
.1
-

-

-

.2
1.3
.1

.1

-

-

.1
.1

.1

-

2 4 .8
. i
-

.3

.1
7.7

Table B -3 .

Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days of fu ll-tim e firs t-s h ift w orkers in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1976
Plant workers
Item

Manu­ Nonmanu­
All
industries facturing facturing

Office workers

Public Wholesale
utilities
trade

Retail
trade

Services

M a n u ­ Monmanu­
All
industries facturing facturing

Public Wholesale
utilities
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

Services

100

loo

100

.
-

2
15
2
11
35
35
*

15
(10)
29
10
(10)
46
46
-

38.7

PERCENT OF WORKERS *Y SC HEDULED
WEEKLY nOU*S
DAYS
ALL FU LL-TIHF WORKERS -----------25
27
3?
32
35
36
36
36
37
37
37
37
38
38
38
39

39
40
4?
44
45
45
46
48

100

HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------1/2 HO UR S- 5 DAYS ------------------HOUPS-5 D A Y S ----------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------1 / 4 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------1/3 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------1/10 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------1 / 4 HOURS-5 D A Y S ---------------- 1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------1/2 HOURS --------------------------5 DAYS ------------------------------5 1/2 DAYS -------------------------3 / 4 HO UR S- 5 DAYS ------------------HO UR S- 5 DAYS ----------------------3/4 HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------HOURS -------------------------------5 d a y s ------------------------------6 D a y s ------------------------------HOURS-5 liAYs ----------------------HOURS -------------------------------5 1/2 DAYS -------------------------6 D a y s ------------------------------HOURS -------------------------------5 d a y s ------------------------------5 1/2 D a y s -------------------------1/2 HOURS-6 DAYS ------------------HOURS-6 DAYS ----------------------HOURS -------------------------------5 D a y s ------------------------------6 d a y s -------------------------------

110)
do)
(10)
(10)
1
-

100

92
(10)
llu>
(10)
(10)
(10)
1
(10)
1
(10)
(10)
1
(10)
1

(10)
1
9b
96
(10)
(10)
1
(10)
1
1
1

40.0

40.1

2
1
1
93

loo
(10)
(10)
1

100

_

1
1

-

89
89
7
3
-

39.9

40.3

40.3

2

3
2
2
-

86
86
(10)

1

(10)
(10)
(10)
1

100

loo

96
96
-

2

100
1

5
•
85
85
(10)
(10)
(10)
-

2

(10)
7
-

2
2

79
79
(10)

2

-

1
6
6

39.7

39.9

2

„

100

100

100

100

loo
.
_
_
.
_
_
8
.
_
_
(10)
90
90
2
-

5
_
10
.
85
85
-

39.9

39.5

*

*

“
“

_
.
1
36
63
63
*

39.3

39.9

38.9

39.1

_
3
(10)
(10)
1
1
(10)
(10)
13
(10)
1
1
5
1
3

71
71
(10)
(10)
-

2
1
•
97
97
(10)
(10)
-

5
(10)
1
1

2

1
(10)
20
(10)
1
1
d
i
S
5S
(10)
(10)
-

2

4

1
2
3
5

2

17
1

2

"

AVERAOE SC HEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WEEKLY W O R K SCHE DU LE S -----------

See footnote at end of tables.




3 0

38.4

T a b le B -4 . A nnual paid holidays for fu ll-tim e w orkers in D etro it, M ic h ., M arch 1976
Plant workers
Item

All
Manu­ Nonmanu­
industries facturing facturing

Office workers

Public Wholesale
utilities
trade

Retail
trade

Services

All
Ma nu­ Monmanu­
industries facturing facturing

Public Wholesale
utilities
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

Services

lo o

lo o

100

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL -T IM E WORKERS -------------------------IN FS T A B L I S H M E n TS NOT PR OVIDING
PAID HO LIDAYS ------------------------------------------------IN E S TA BL IS HM EN TS p r o v i d i n g
PAID HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

-

(1 0 )

100

loo

10 0

10 0

100

(1 0 )

100

100

100

loo

99

-

-

-

2

-

(1 0 )

-

-

-

-

(1 0 )

100

99

100

100

10 0

98

99

10 0

99

10 0

lo o

100

100

99

1 2 .8

( 10)

8 .4

9.9

10.3

7 .7

7 .4

11.0

1 3 .3

9.6

10.2

1 0.4

7 .3

9 .8

8.8

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PAID HOLIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ES TA BL IS HM EN TS
PROV ID IN G HO LIDAYS ------------------------------------

il.3

PERCENT OF WORKERS dY NUMBER
OF PAIO HO LIDAYS PR OVXOtO
HOLIDAY ---------------------------------------------------------------HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------------------------------HO LIDAYS ------------------------------------------------------------H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------------------------------------HO LIDAYS ------------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ------------------7 HO LIDAYS ------------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ------------------8 HOLI DA YS ------------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ------------------9 HO LIDAYS ------------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ------------------1 0 HO LIDAYS ----------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ------------------11 HO LIDAYS ---------------------------1 2 HO LIDAYS ---------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS --------1 3 HOLI DA YS ---------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY — ----------------1 4 HO LIDAYS ---------------------------1 5 HO LIDAYS ----------------------------------------------------------1 6 HOLI DA YS -----------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
5
6

(1 0 )
( 10)
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
5
1
4
3

8
1
10
(1 0 )
11
(1 0 )

3

“
“
1
1
1
1
7
10

-

2

1
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
( 10)

13
3
11

8
21

-

2
(1 0 )
-

7

2

-

15
1
12
(10)

21
-

3

3
16

51

6

7

3

67

4

1
“

*

16
12
11
34
4
19

2
28
10
26
10
2
(1 0 )
1

-

5
(1 0 )

8
13
10
6
15

98
84
83
71
70
42
41
26
24

100
98
98
98
98
91
91
70
70
19
16
-

9
-

”

-

“
-

i

*
28
*

*
-

9
“

_
-

3
3
1
4
3

8
1
31
(1 0 )
4

8
(1 0 )

2
(1 0 )

2
1
”

(1 0 )
s

*

3

-

*

45
1

2

1

4
4

-

i
-

2
1
(1 0 )

*
”

2
2b

(10 >
2
1
“
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
5
(1 0 )
11

“

7
b
5
c
7
D
10
l
44
1

(1 0 )
1
1
1
-

7

2
69

3
14

4

-

J

“

(1 0 )
1
(10)
1

17
1

2

“

4

“
“

-

3
9
6

8
7

“
26
8
20
39

8

13
3
16
1
6

-

-

(1 0 )

“
“
“

*

”

“
“

*
27

*

lo o
97
92
86

75
72
59

100
99
99
97
97
96
96
89

58

87

14

18
18

58
(1 0 )

(1 0 )

2
3
2
(1 0 )
2
9

8
64

“
7
(1 0 )
(1 0 )

1
14
15
5
5
(1 0 )
10
17

2
13
4
4

“
8

1
“
2
1

“
4
"

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIDAY TIME P R OV ID ED1
1
6 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------------6 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------------7 1 / 2 DAYS OP MORE ----------------------------------------8 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------8 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE -------------------9 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------9 1 / 2 DAYS OR MOPE -------------------1 0 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------1 1 DAYS OR MORE ----------------------1 2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------------1 3 DAYS OR M O R E ------------------- -------------- -------------1 4 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------------1 5 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------------------------

99
94
93
88

88
78
77
67
66
56
53
47

46
1

100
99
99
98
98
97
97
90
90
80
78
70
68
1

11

8
5
5
1

100
97
95
91
86
72
68
57
54
37
28
28

28

97
81
81
69
69
20
23

5
1
1
1

1
1
1

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




31

94
66
61
30
30
19
18
17
17
11

2
2
2

99
95
94
89

100
98
98

88

98
97
97
92
92
81
79
65

83
82
72
71
41
37
29
27
25

98

63

58

99
93
91
84

82

9

6
4
4

1

*

71
67
53
51

10 0
74
74
50
46
8
8
(1 0 )
(1 0 )

33

(10)

27
27
27
27

(10)

80

-

11

99
86
79
66
66
62
51
33
32
19

4

11

3

11

2
2

4

100
98
97
94
94
92
92
74
74

Table B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions fo r fu ll-tim e w orkers in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1976
Plant workers
Item

Ma nu­ Nonmanu­
All
industries facturing facturing

Office workers

Public Wholesale
trade
utilities

Retail
trade

Services

Manu­ Nonmanu­
All
industries facturing facturing

Public Wholesale
utilities
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

Service^

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL -T IM E WO RK ER S ------------IN ESTA BL IS HM EN TS NOT PROV ID IN G
PAID VACA TI ON S ---------------------IN E S TA BL IS HM EN TS PROV ID IN G
PAID VACA TI ON S ---------------------l e n g t h - o f - t i m e PAYMENT ----------P E RC EN TA GE PA YM EN T ----------------

100

100

100

100

loo

100

100

100

100

100

100

loo

100

loo

100

(10)

-

(10)

-

-

-

2

(10)

-

(10)

-

•

-

-

(10)

100
99
1

99
99
“

100
100
-

loo
loo
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

99
95
5

100
93
7

99
98
1

100
99
1

100
100
-

100
99
(10)

98
93
6

99
99
(10)

4
53
2
(10)

6
66
1
(10)

1
29
3
-

42
-

2
39
-

1
29
3
-

6
8
-

1
67
8
(10)

2
78
2
(10)

1
60
13
"

56
2
-

1
56
*

2
41
6
*

1
70
25
-

4
59
6
-

(10)
34
6
S6
2
(10)

1
22
3
73
2
(10)

57
11
30
2
-

20
13
64
3
.
-

•
45
3
52
-

68
14
17
-

.
70
8
13
8
-

1
7

15
2
82
1

21
3
76
*

19
81
-

-

(in)
12
1
86
1
(10)
(10)

41
9
50
“

1
99
*

20
75
5
(10)

20
2
73
5
-

4
80
16
-

18
1
78
3
-

23
(10)
77
-

33
8
47
10
-

(10)
1
(10)
96
1
1
(10)

1
1
”
96
1
1

(10)

1
13
3
81
3
(10)

3 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ------2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ------4 WEEKS ---------------------------

1
3
47
48
1
(10)
(10)

1
4
24
69
2
(10)

1
2
88
8
-

2
82
13
.
3
-

2
67
30
•
-

99
(10)
-

2
14
72
10
.
-

(10)
(10)
69
21
9
(10)
(10)

1
“
34
44
20
(10)
“

(10)
(10)
92
6
2
“
(10)

4 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEcKS -----4 WEEKS ---------------------------

(10)
3
47
48
2
(10)
(10)

1
3
24
69
2
(10)
(10)

(10)
2
88
8
(10)
1

84
13
-

70
30
-

99
(10)
-

2
14
69
11

(10)
(10)
68
21
10
(10)
(10)

1

(10)

AMOUNT OF PAID VACA TI ON AFTER!*2
6 MO NT HS OF SERVICE!
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ---- —
2 WEEKS --------------------------1 YEAR OF SERVICE!
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------o v e r i a n d u n d e r ^ w e e k s ------2 WEEKS --------------------------o v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------3 WEEKS --------------------------4 WEEKS --------------------------2 YEARS OF SERVICE!
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----2 WEEKS --------------------------o v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------3 WEEKS --------------------------4 WEEKS ---------------------------

(10)
15
2
78
4
-

1
-

3

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




3 2

3

-

92
1
(10)
“

(10)
d

(10)
97
1
(10)
(10)

(1 0 )

34
44
21
(10)

91
6
3

(10)

1
1
96
2
*
(10)
97
3
(10)
*
96
3
1

3
94

1
(10)
99

3
”

*

100
*

70
18
12
,*

“
99
(10)
(10)
“

97
2
1
*

70
18
12
-

99
(10)
(10)
-

97
2
1
-

7
88
5
(10)
(10)
(10)
79
17
3
(1 0 )

(10)
(10)
74
21
4
(10)

T ab le B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions for fu ll-tim e w o rkers in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — C ontinued
Office workers

Plant workers
Item

amount

of

paid

vacation

Ma nu­ Nonmanu­
All
industries facturing facturing

after

Public Wholesale
trade
utilities

Retail
trade

Services

Retail
trade

Finance

52
3
42
_
3

47
(10)
53
•
-

74
1
25
-

4
68
(10)
28

1

96
3
1

14
2
45
18
22

-

_
-

-

(10)

Manu­ Nonmanu­
All
industries facturing facturing

Public Wholesale
utilities
trade

2

96
3
1

12
2
45
18
21

_

3

Services

13 -

CONT IN UE D
5 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----A WEEKS --------------------------5 WEEKS ---------------------------

.
6A
(10)
36

(10)
63
5
30
2
-

•
7A
13
10
3
.
-

50
2
A5
3
-

•
-

(10)

9
3
65
8
1A
1
-

2
81
13
(10)
3
“

.
8
3
A8
30
11
-

9
67
(10)
24
-

2o
13
5A
7
3
2
_
-

( 10)
3
4
36
A7
8
1
I
(10)

1
1
A
20
68
4
i
i
(10)

7
3
67
9
1A
1
-

•
2
78
17
(10)
3
-

.
A
3
48
30
1A
-

.
7
69
(10)
2A
-

15
13
58
8
3
2
-

15 YEARS OF SERVICE:
2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A wttKS -----4 WEEKS --------------------------OVER A AND UNDER S WEtKS -----5 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WttKS -----6 WEEKS --------------------------7 WEEKS ---------------------------

2
i
20
3
69
3
HO)
(10)
(10)
(10)

1
(10)
12
5
78
2
(10)
(10)
(10)
(10)

4
2
3A
l
53
4
i
-

2
36

4
31
3
56
5
-

4
27
(10)
69
_
-

20 YEARS OF SERVICE:
2 WEEKS --------------------------OV ER 2 ANu UNDER 3 *EtKS -----3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEtKS -----A WEEKS --------------------------OV ER A AND UNDER 5 wEtKS -----5 WEEKS --------------------------o v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 wttKS -----6 WEEKS --------------------------7 WEFKS ---------------------------

2
1
6
2
30
2
55
1
1
110)

(10)
1
2
3
19
1
72
1
1
1

4
2
1A
(10)
SO
3
26
2
-

3
8
A3
3
A3
-

A
14
( 10)
A8
.
3A
-

-

-

(10)
32
5
58
2
1
(10)

1
16
7
73
21
(10)

i a n d u n d e r 2 w E c k s ------2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEtKS -----3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A *EtK5 -----A WEEKS --------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----5 WEEKS --------------------------6 WEEKS ---------------------------

(10)
6
4
3A
A7
8
i
(10)

1
4
4
17
69
5
1

12 YEARS OF SERVICE:
OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEtKS ------2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WttKS -----3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ------A WEEKS --------------------------OVER A AND UNuER 5 WEtKS -----5 WEEKS --------------------------6 W E E K S --- ------------------------

10 YEARS OF SERVICE:
over

-

A6
16
-

2
69
5
13
11
-

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




33

i
61
11
20
6

(10)
A8
2
A8
(10)
1

i
21
2
73
1
2

(10)
66
2
31
•
(10)

(10)
3
(10)
58
21
16
(1C)
(10)

1
1
1
27
A5
24
(10)
(10)

_
5
(10)
78
6
11
(10)

-

10
13
53
1
13
7
-

-

3
(10)
57
22
(10)
1

1
1
1
27
45
24
(10)
1

88
3
9
.
_
-

_
1

_
(10)
77
7
11
(1U)
(10)

3

2

_

(10)

18

A7
J
44
2

A6

35

51
3

51

-

1

6
13
37
(10)
32
8
2
-

3
(10)

1

_

_

(10)

n

(13)
S3
2
3A
1
1

i
1
5
(10)
23
(10)
69
(10)
1

3
11
(10)
72
2
11
1
(10)

1
87
(10)
8
3

_
-

12
1
44
17
26
1
.

-

-

31
(10)
67

_
3

(10)

1
•
90
5
3

2

1
_
58
5
36
_

_

11
39
5
34
10
-

-

-

-

9

2

17
37
34

17
(10)
71
_
10

3

.

1
8
81
1
8
-

11
.
19
1
51
14
4
-

-

6

70
(10)
28
-

3b
2
57

_

.
13
1
44
16
26
1
-

_

-

77
( In)
1

93
3
3
.
-

(10)
40
9
51
(10)
-

_

_

Table B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions for full tim e w orkers in D e tro it, M ic h ., M a rc h 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Plant workers
Item

Office workers

M a n u ­ N o n m a n u ­ Public Wholesale
All
industries facturing facturing utilities
trade

Retail
trade

Services

Manu­ Nonmanu­
All
industries facturing facturing

Public Wholesale
utilities
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

Services

AMOUNT OF PAID VA CATION A F T E R 12 CO NTINUED
25 YEARS OF SERVICES
2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDtR 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----A WEEKS --------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----5 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER b WEEKS -----6 WEEKS --------------------- ----OVER 6 AND UNDER 7 WEEKS ------7 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 6 AND UNDER 9 WEEKS ------

1
S
d
20
2
65
1
2
U0>
(10)

30 YEARS OF SERVICES
2 WEEKS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - OVER 2 ANO UN DF R 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ------A WEEKS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ------5 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEtKS ------6 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 6 AND UNDER 7 WEEKS ------7 WEEKS --------------------------OVER d AND UNDFR 9 WELKS -------

2
1
5
2
19
2
6A
1
3
«
(10)
(10)

(10>
1
3
16
2
72
1
A
1
(10)

MAXIMUM VACA TI ON AVAILABLE!
2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS — ---3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ------A WEEKS --------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ------5 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -----6 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 6 AND UN DE R 7 WEEKS ------7 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 8 ANO UNDER 9 WEEKS -------

2
1
5
2
19
2
63
1
4
(10)
(10)

(10)
1
3
16
2
72
1
4
i
(10)

2

(10)
1
(10)
3
16
d

73

1
2
1
(10>

A
2
13
(10)
26
3
A9
2
1
-

2
-

3
8
33

8
5
67
11

3

53
-

A
12
(10)
26
58

-

7

“
-

*

2
13
(10)
26
3
A9

3

4

-

-

-

-

8
-

4

33
3
50
3
-

12
(10)
26
58

2
2

*
4

2
13
(10)
26
3
A8
2
3
-

2

5
71
11
7
*

3
«
8
33
3
50
3

*
-

6

13
32
(10)
36
f
c
>
2

“
“

4

12
(10)
26
“
5A
3
“
*

See footnotes at end of tables.




8

(10)
39
2
46
(10)
2

3 4

6

13
32
(10)
36
8
2
-

3
10
( 10)
SO
3

i
i
5
21
(10)
69
(10)
2
(10)
-

32

1
2

”

“

*

-

“

2
«
4
5
71
11
7
“
-

3

(10)

n o )

“
4

6
13
32
(10)
36
8
2

3
(10)
36
2

A7
(10)
A
(10)
”
‘

3
6

“

21
(10)
65
(10)
7
(10)
”

3

1

8

6

(10)
36
1
A7
(10)
A
(10)
(10)

21
(10)
65
(10)
7
(10)
-

9
17
28
A3
4
-

2
17
(10)
A5
36
-

(10)

d
~

3
“
10
(10)
46
8
35
1
3
(10)

1

(10)
1
6

(10)
82
3
7
-

19
1
51
1A
A
*
*

“

9

2
-

6

28

17
(10)
AS

A2
5

36
*
“

11

1

17

*

6
(10)
82
3
7
“
”

-

6
76
2
1A
*

-

10
(10)
Ab
3
36
1

n

i
-

-

•

'

1

8

(10)
1
6
(10)
82
3
7
*

-

”
”
9
17
28
A2
5
-

*

66
2
25

*
*
*

2
“
17
(10)
A5

«
29
6
-

1
6
“
66
1
25

1

“

19
1
51
1A
A
*
"
“
”

11
*
19
1
51
1A
A
-

Table B -6 .

H ea lth , insurance, and pension plans for fu ll-tim e w o rkers in D e tro it, M ic h ., M arch 1976
Plant worke rs
Item

Ma nu­ Nonmanu­
All
industries facturing facturing

Office workers

Public Wholesale
utilities
trade

Retail
trade

Services

M a n u ­ Nonmanu­
All
industries facturing facturing

Public Wholesale
utilities
trade

Retail
trade

F inance

Services

loo

100

100

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL -T IM E WO RK ER S -------------

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

99

100

98

93

100

9*

97

86

99
99

9b
81

luO
66

89

80

82
76

68

93
72

99
87

83
71

87
78

63
56

69
61

77
69

93
89

67
b7

96
99

77
62

58
92

59
99

68
66

89

95

98

77

9b

98

9b

99

88

92

95

96

39
39

89
85

66

72

61
60

62
58

93
90

93
37

13

66
55

70
57

37
33

59
98

75

62

90

100

100

97

100

97

100

ICO

IOC

IN E S T A B L IS HM EN TS P R OV ID IN G ttT
LEAST ONE OF THE dFNEFITS
SHOWN R E L O W » --------------------------

99

100

99

100

LIFE INSURANCE ------------------------N O NC ON TR IB UT UR Y PLANS --------------

99
9J

100
96

97
83

100
93

66

0/

64

99
93

73
67

99
92

97

IOC

93

accidental

death

and

OISMEM RE RM EN T i n s u r a n c e ------------N O N C ON TR Ib UT OH Y p l a n s --------------sickness

and

accident

loo

loo

insurance

OR. SICK LEAVE OR B O T H 1 --------------*
SI CKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE --------------------------N 0 NC 0N TR I8 UT 0R Y PLANS ------------SICK LEAVE (l-ULL PAY AND NO
WA IT IN G PERIOD) ---------------------SICK LEAVE (PARTIAL PAY UK
WAITING PERIOD) ---------------------

88

100

d6

99

66
6?

16

6

35

30

92

31

30

81

86

7b

60

7

i

18

2b

2

29

9

7

2

10

37

L O NG -T ER M DISABILITY
INSURANCE --------------------------------N O NC ON TR IB UT UR Y PLANS ---------------

55
S3

id

22

21

1C

21

13

15

36

19

15
19

60
50

73
70

52
3b

6

H O SP IT AL IZ AT IO N INSURANCE ------------N O N C O N TR IB UT OR Y PLANS ---------------

99
99

100

97
87

100

97
90

97
83

99
85

99

100

SU RGICAL INSURANCE ---------------------N O N C O N TR IB UT UR Y PLANS ---------------

99
94

10 0

97
87

100

97
90

97
83

99
85

99

98

ME DI CA L INSURANCE ----------------------N O N C O N TR IB UT UR Y PLANS --------------

9B
93

100

94

100

98

9d

97
90

92
80

90
81

99

85

MAJOR ME DI CA L INSURANCE -------------N O N C O N TR IB UT UR Y PLANS --------------

39
30

22

19

57
50

95
93

55
50

50
39

91
37

DE NT AL INSURANCE ---------------------N O NC ON TR IB UT UR Y PLANS ---------------

66

77
76

95
93

8*

69

89

52
52

39
35

RE TI R E M E N T PE NS IO N ---------------------NO NC O N T R I B U T O R Y PLANS --------------

91
d9

99
98

78
72

90
85

92
89

79
71

72
90

98

98

See footnotes at end of tables.




35

12

loo

1

19

1

89
(10)

7

55
92

35
23

76
52

56
36

99
77

100

97
83

93
79

100

99
61

100

99
77

100

98
83

93
79

100

100

99
76

100
98

98
83

91
73

100

91

65

99
81

56

93
95

8a
69

98
96

82
99

67
97

90
63

70
49

18
16

95
93

66
68

29
27

82
62

99
99

18
13

6
4

23
23

99
99

90
85

99
97

89
77

85
78

75
73

82
70

93
89

63
51

82
82
82
88

91

91

98
98

65
65

99
81

Footnotes
9
L e s s than 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t .
10 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
11
A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l and h a l f d a y s th at add to the s a m e a m o u n t
a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a to t a l o f
10 d a y s i n c l u d e s t h o s e w ith 10 f u ll d a y s and n o h a l f d a y s , 9 f u l l d a y s and
2 h a l f d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s and 4 h a l f d a y s , and s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th en w e r e
cum ulated.
12 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h as p e r c e n t a g e
o f annual e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u i v a l e n t t i m e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s
pay.
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
i n d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s
at 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a tes are cu m u ­
lative.
T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r 10 y e a r s
i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
13 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f i t a r e
f o r all p la n s
f o r w hich
at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e
b y th e e m p l o y e r .
"N on con tribu tory
plan s"
i n c l u d e o n l y t h o s e f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r .
E xcluded
a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h as w o r k e r s d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
14 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and
a ccid en t in su ra n ce shown s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y
that e a c h e m p l o y e e c a n e x p e c t .
In form a l s ick le a v e allow ances determ in ed
o n an i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .

A l l o f t h e s e s t a n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y not a p p ly to th is b u l l e t i n .

1
S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g ­
u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y
hours.
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f all
w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ia n d esig n a tes
p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e m o r e and h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the
rate shown.
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e is d e f i n e d b y t w o r a t e s o f p a y : a f o u r t h o f
the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e
than the h i g h e r r a t e .
3
E a r n i n g s d a t a r e l a t e o n l y to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x i d e n t i f i c a t i o n w a s
p r o v i d e d b y th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
5
F o r m a lly esta b lish ed m in im u m re gu la r stra ig h t-tim e hiring sa la rie s
that a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
6
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h as m e s s e n g e r .
7
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r all s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r
the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
8
I n c l u d e s all p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g
l a t e s h i f t s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r l a t e s h i f t s ,
e v e n th ou gh the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n ot c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .




36

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s da ta a r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f th e i n t e r v e n ­
in g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n o n e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d
b y a c o m b i n a t i o n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e l e p h o n e i n t e r ­
v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s da ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and
d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , a r e
n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h da t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta . S e p a r a t e
m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s da ta a r e not p r e s e n t e d w h e n th e n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s not i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f th e m e n o r w o m e n
i d e n t i f i e d in an o c c u p a t i o n . E a r n i n g s d a t a n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in da ta f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
L i k e w i s e , data
a r e i n c l u d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c ­
t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r in fo r m a tio n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a ila b le .

In e a c h o f t h e 8 4 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , da ta a r e o b t a i n e d
f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h olesale trad e;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u stry g rou p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e studies a re g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t i o n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablish m en ts
h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e o f
i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d . S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n
criteria .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da t a a r e s h o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d t o w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e . E a r n i n g s data
e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s
and i n c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W e e k l y h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s
r e f e r t o th e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k
( r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r
p r e m iu m ra te s). A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn ings fo r th ese o ccu pa tion s a re rounded
to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

These surveys
are con d u cte d on a s a m p le b a s is .
The sam pling
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e
s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m t h is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e i s s e l e c t e d , w it h e a c h
e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o o b t a i n o p t i m u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e th an s m a l l e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d . W h e n da ta a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s w e i g h t e d
a c c o r d i n g t o it s p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o that u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e
g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p l e , i f o n e out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it is
g i v e n a w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f
th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a t i o n i f da ta a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m th e o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If no
s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e is a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t i s a s s i g n e d t o a s a m p l e
m e m b e r that i s s i m i l a r t o th e m i s s i n g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in .an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t im e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e ch a n g e s.
The a v e r a g e s f o r in dividual
j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p l e ,
p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h igh- o r low rw a g e fir m s m a y change,
o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e t o b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e
w a g e s d u r i n g t h e y e a r . C h a n g e s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in
t a b l e A - 7, a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n a r e e a r n i n g s c h a n g e s f o r
i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .

O c c u p a t i o n s and e a r n i n g s
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y o f m a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g t y p e s : (1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
O ccupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to
t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b .
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B .
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , th e e a r n i n g s da ta f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r

A v e r a g e ea rn ings r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a rea w ide e s tim a te s . Industries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and thus c o n t r i b u t e
d i f f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s
s h o u l d n o t b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in divid ual e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s
i n c l u d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s ( o n ly the r a t e s p a i d
i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w it h in th e
g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t a in
s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N. Y. —P a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm
Beach—Boca Raton, F la.; Lexington—Fayette, Ky.; Melbourne—Titusville—Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N. Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N .C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




37

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y and n ot th e n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e ca u se o ccu pa tion a l stru ctu re s am ong esta b lish m en ts d iffe r, e stim a tes of
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d
s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y t h e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n i n g s data.

Percent
as f o l l o w s :

ch anges

f o r in dividual a r e a s

in th e p r o g r a m

are

1.

E a c h o c c u p a t i o n i s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d o n it s p r o ­
p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in the
base year.

2.

T h e s e w e i g h t s a r e u s e d to c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n ' s a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s is m u l t i p l i e d
b y it s w e i g h t . T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a l e d t o o b t a i n a g r o u p
average.

3.

T h e ratio o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n se c u t iv e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a v e r a g e f o r t h e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The result—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 i s t h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

W age trend s fo r s e le c te d occu p a tio n a l groups
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d o n c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g th e t r e n d j o b s in b o t h
th e c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s
y e a r (m atched esta b lish m en ts).
T h e da t a a r e
a d j u s t e d t o r e m o v e th e e f f e c t o n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y m e n t s h if t s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d in s u r v e y
sam p les.
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a re still a ffe cte d b y fa c t o r s
o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t i o n w h e n w o r k e r s a r e p a i d u n d e r p la n s
p r o v i d i n g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s . In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s e n t e r at th e b o t t o m o f th e r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g th e a v e r a g e w ith o u t a c h a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

com puted

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d t o c o m p u t e
t h e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s e e "I m p r o v in g A r e a W a ge S u rv e y I n d e x e s , " M onthly
L a b o r R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3, p p . 5 2 - 5 7 .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s

The p e r c e n t ch a n ges re la te to w a ge ch a n ges b e tw e e n the in d ica te d
dates.
W h e n th e t i m e s p a n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s
is o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s ,
a nn ua l r a t e s a r e s h o w n .
(It i s a s s u m e d th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t
rate b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

T h e i n c i d e n c e o f s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s i s s t u d i e d f o r p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
Plan t
w o r k e r s i n c l u d e n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s a nd w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s e n g a g e d in
n o n o ffic e fun ction s.
( C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e w o r k e r s a r e e x c l u d e d
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s . )
O ffice w o r k e r s
i n c l u d e n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s a nd w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s
p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r rela ted fun ction s.
L e a d w o r k e r s and tr a i n e e s a re
in clu d ed am ong n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s and c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s u t i l i z e d as s e p a r a t e w o r k
f o r c e s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m b o t h th e p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r i e s .

O ccu p a tion s u sed to com p u te w age tren d s a re :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n and
w om en ]:
S ecreta ries
Stenographers, general
S tenograp hers, sen ior
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
F ile c le r k s , cla s s e s A,
B , and C
M essengers
O rder clerk s, cla sses A
and B
A ccou ntin g c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ook k eeping-m ach in e
o p e r a t o r s , cla ss B
P a y r o ll clerk s
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T a b u la t in g - m a c h i n e
o p e r a to rs , cla ss B

E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g
( m e n and w o m e n ) :
Com puter system s
a n a ly sts, c la s s e s
A , B , and C




E l e c t r o n i c da t a p r o c e s s i n g
( m e n and w o m e n ) —
C o n t in u e d
C om puter p r o g ra m m e rs ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
Com puter op e ra to rs,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s ( ta b le B - l ) . M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e o n l y to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e
o p t i m u m s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d and th e p r o b a b i l i t y ' t h a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s t o h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e
r a t e s a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , th e t a b l e i s m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n and
w om en ):
R e g is t e r e d in du stria l
nurses

S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s — m a n u f a c t u r i n g ( t a b l e B - 2 ) .
D a ta w e r e c o l l e c t e d
on p o li c i e s o f m a n ufa ctu rin g esta b lis h m e n ts re g a rd in g pay d ifferen tia ls f o r
p la n t w o r k e r s o n l a t e s h i f t s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s c o n s i d e r e d as h av in g p o l i c i e s
a r e t h o s e w h i c h (1 ) h a v e p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t i n g c o v e r i n g th e o p e r a t i o n o f la te
s h i f t s , o r (2) h a v e o p e r a t e d la te s h i f t s at any t i m e d u r in g the 12 m o n t h s
precedin g a survey.
W hen e s ta b lish m e n ts have s e v e r a l differen tia ls w hich
v a r y b y j o b , th e d i f f e r e n t i a l a p p ly in g t o t h e m a j o r i t y o f th e pla n t w o r k e r s i s
r e c o r d e d . W h e n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v e d i f f e r e n t i a l s w h i c h a p p ly o n l y to c e r t a i n
h o u r s o f w o r k , t h e d i f f e r e n t i a l a p p ly in g t o th e m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s is
recorded.

S k illed m a in te n a n ce (m en
and w o m e n ) :
C arpenters
E lectricia n s
P ain ters
M ach inists
M e ch a n ics (m a ch inery)
M ech an ics (m otor v eh icle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

F o r p u r p o s e s o f t h i s s t u d y , a l a t e s h if t i s e i t h e r a s e c o n d ( e v e n i n g )
s h if t w h i c h e n d s at o r n e a r m i d n i g h t o r a t h i r d (nigh t) s h if t w h i c h s t a r t s at o r
n e a r m idnight.

U n s k i l l e d p la n t ( m e n and
w om en ):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
clean ers
M a t e r i a l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s

D i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r s e c o n d and t h i r d s h i f t s a r e s u m m a r i z e d s e p a r a t e l y
f o r (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d b y

38

a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t at th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y ) and (2)
e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d b y pla n t
w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d o n th e s p e c i f i e d s h if t at th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y ) .

w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r h a s c o n t r i b u t e d , o r (3) b o r n e d i r e c t l y b y th e e m p l o y e r
out o f o p e r a t i n g f un ds o r a fun d s e t a s i d e to c o v e r th e c o s t .
A p la n is
i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h a m a j o r i t y o f th e e m p l o y e e s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t do not
c h o o s e t o p a r t i c i p a t e in it b e c a u s e t h e y a r e r e q u i r e d to b e a r p a r t o f its c o s t
( p r o v i d e d th e c h o i c e to p a r t i c i p a t e i s a v a i l a b l e o r w i l l e v e n t u a l l y b e c o m e
a v a ila b le to a m a j o r i t y ) .
L e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s s u c h as s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a i l ­
r o a d r e t i r e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a t i o n , and t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y
in s u r a n c e 3 are exclu ded .

S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a l t h ,
i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s .
P r o v i s i o n s w h i c h a p p l y to a m a j o r i t y o f th e
p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e c o n s i d e r e d t o a p p ly to a ll
p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t ; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n is
c o n s i d e r e d n o n e x i s t e n t w h e n it a p p l i e s to l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y .
H olidays;
v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a p p l i c a b l e
to e m p l o y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r th e b e n e f i t s as w e l l as to e m p l o y e e s w h o
w ill eventually b e c o m e e lig ib le .

th rou gh

A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h and d i s m e m b e r m e n t is l i m i t e d to p la n s w h i c h
p r o v i d e b e n e f i t p a y m e n t s in c a s e o f d e a t h o r l o s s o f l i m b o r s ig h t as a
d i r e c t r e s u l t o f an a c c i d e n t .

S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s
( ta b le B - 3 ) . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y
h o u r s and d a y s r e f e r t o th e n u m b e r o f h o u r s and d a y s p e r w e e k w h i c h f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t ( d a y ) s h if t w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r p a i d f o r at
s tra ig h t-tim e o r o v e r tim e rates.

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s o n l y t h o s e p la n s w h i c h
p r o v i d e that p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s b e m a d e d i r e c t l y to e m p l o y e e s
w h o l o s e t i m e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s o r i n j u r y , e . g . , $ 50 a w e e k f o r
up to 26 w e e k s o f d i s a b i l i t y .

P a id h olidays
( ta b le B - 4 ) .
H olidays
a re in clu d e d o n ly i f they
a r e g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ( p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m o r
e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m ) and e m p l o y e e s a r e p a i d f o r th e t i m e o f f .
T hey are
i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h in a p a r t i c u l a r y e a r t h e y f a l l o n a n o n w o r k d a y and
e m p l o y e e s a r e not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r day o f f .

S i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f o r
c o n t in u in g an e m p l o y e e ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
D a ta c o l l e c t e d d i s t i n g u i s h b e t w e e n (1) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y w ith no
w a it in g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s w h i c h e i t h e r p r o v i d e p a r t i a l p a y o r r e q u i r e a
w aiting p e r io d .

D a ta a r e t a b u l a t e d to s h o w th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s w h o (1) a r e g r a n t e d
s p e c i f i c n u m b e r s o f w h o l e and h a l f h o l i d a y s and (2) a r e g r a n t e d s p e c i f i e d
a m o u n t s o f t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e ( w h o le and h a l f h o l i d a y s a r e a g g r e g a t e d ) .

L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e p l a n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s to t o t a l l y
d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s u pon th e e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r p a i d s i c k l e a v e a n d / o r s i c k ­
n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f d i s a b i l i t y
(typ ically 6 m on th s).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e until th e en d o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a
m a x im u m age, o r eligib ility fo r re tire m e n t ben efits.
Fu ll o r p a rtia l p a y ­
m ents a re a lm o s t alw ays r e d u ce d b y s o c ia l s e c u r ity , w o r k e r s ' d isa b ility
c o m p e n s a t i o n , and p r i v a t e p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s p a y a b l e to the d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ( ta b le B - 5 ) .
E sta b lish m en ts rep ort th e ir m ethod of
c a l c u l a t i n g v a c a t i o n p a y ( t i m e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f ann ual e a r n i n g s , f l a t - s u m
p a y m e n t , e t c . ) and th e a m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y g r a n t e d .
O nly b a s ic fo r m a l
p l a n s a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a t i o n b o n u s e s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s , and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s a r e e x c l u d e d .

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e p la n s
reported
in t h e s e s u r v e y s p r o v i d e f u l l o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t f o r b a s i c s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
^ Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included.
In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan:

F o r t a b u la t in g v a c a t i o n p a y g r a n t e d , a ll p r o v i s i o n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a tim e b a s i s .
V a c a t i o n p a y c a l c u l a t e d o n o t h e r th an a t i m e b a s i s is
c o n v e r t e d t o it s e q u i v a l e n t t i m e p e r i o d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f ann ual e a r n i n g s ,
f o r e x a m p l e , i s t a b u l a t e d as 1 w e e k ' s v a c a t i o n p a y .

State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey, employees
and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum and employers
pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.

A l s o , p r o v i s i o n s a fte r e a ch s p e c i f i e d length o f s e r v i c e a re re la te d
to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f l e n g t h o f
s e r v i c e . V a c a t i o n p la n s c o m m o n l y p r o v i d e f o r l a r g e r a m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y
as s e r v i c e l e n g t h e n s .
Co u n ts o f pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s b y l e n g t h o f s e r v i c e
w e r e not o b ta in e d . T h e tabu lation s o f v a c a t io n pay g ra n ted p r e s e n t s , t h e r e ­
f o r e , s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e s o f t h e s e p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r th an p r o p o r t i o n s o f
w o r k e r s actu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits.

Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute more
than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree to contribute
more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the benefit provided.
Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost of the insurance.
4
An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of
days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.

H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s ( ta b le B - 6 ) . H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e ,
and p e n s i o n p la n s i n c l u d e p la n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s e i t h e r a ll o r
p a r t o f th e c o s t .
T h e c o s t m a y b e (1) u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l
i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) c o v e r e d b y a u n io n fund to




L i f e i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s f o r m a l p la n s p r o v i d i n g i n d e m n i t y ( u s u a l l y
an i n s u r a n c e p o l i c y ) in c a s e o f d e a t h o f th e c o v e r e d w o r k e r .

39

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e c o v e r s h o s p i t a l r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
o th e r h o sp ita l e x p e n s e s . S u r g ic a l in su ra n c e c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' fe e s . M e d ic a l
in su ra n ce c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' fe e s f o r h o m e , o f fi c e , o r hospital ca lls .
P lan s
r e s tr ic te d to p o s t -o p e r a tiv e m e d ic a l ca re o r a d o c to r 's
care for m inor
a i l m e n t s at a w o r k e r ' s p l a c e o f e m p l o y m e n t a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
m e d ica l in surance.

" d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) b e m e t b e f o r e b e n e f i t b e g i n , (2) h as a c o i n s u r a n c e
f e a t u r e that r e q u i r e s th e i n s u r e d to p a y a. p o r t i o n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s , and (3) h a s a s p e c i f i e d c o l l a r m a x i m u m o f b e n e f i t s ( e . g . ,
$ 10, 0 00 a y e a r ) .

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e c o v e r a g e a p p l i e s t o s e r v i c e s w h i c h go
b e y o n d the b a s i c s e r v i c e s
c o v e r e d u n d e r h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and
m e d ica l insurance.
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e t y p i c a l l y (1) r e q u i r e s that a

R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s p r o v i d e f o r r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s to th e r e t i r e e
fo r life.
In clud ed a re d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g plan s w h ich p r o v id e the o ption
o f p u r c h a s i n g a l i f e t i m e ann uity.




D e n t a l i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v i d e n o r m a l d e n t a l s e r v i c e b e n e f i t s ,
u s u a l l y f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
P lan s w h ich p r o v id e ben efits
o n ly f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a ir in g a c c id e n t d a m a g e a r e not r e p o r te d .

40

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Detroit, Mich., 1March 1976
N u m b e r of eitablishments

Industry division23

Minimum
em ployment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study*

Studied

Studied

Total45
8
7
6
Number

all

Percent

Full-time
plant workers

Full-time
office workers

Total4

establishments

“

1,614

304

749,022

100

43 5, 53 2

127,190

513,846

100

481
1,133

82

222

417,821
331,201

56
44

281,848
153,684

49 ,973
77,217

321,301
192,545

100

94
252

62,708
38,889
117,916
54 ,845
56,843

8

194
392

30
38
35
45
74

5
16
7

28,477
20,390
77,765
72, 111
24,941

14,648
8,482
10,755
32,805
10,527

48,202
19,249
72,900
33,550
18,644

76

37

343,500

t r a n s p o r t a t i o n * c o m m u n i c a t i o n * and

100
50
50
large

201

8

establishments

r

-*00

100

t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and

500
WHV#LL j

1n A U L

5W
500

12

46 ,7 03
14,181
89.398
32.399

17

6

322,600

87,508

477,759

232,133
90.467

41,237
46,271

310,831
166,928

19,867
7,020
59,452

12,501
2* 666
7*854
21,319
1,931

44,113
14.181
70,351
28,781
9,502

4,128

1 T h e D e t r o it Sta n da rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O ffi c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d get th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 4 , c o n s is t s o f L a p e e r , L iv in g s t o n , M a c o m b , O ak la n d , St. C l a i r ,
and
W a yn e C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in th is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f
th e s i z e and c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
E s tim a t e s a r e n ot in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e l s s in c e (1)
p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d
c o n s id e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T he 1967 e d itio n o f the S tandard I n d u s tria l C l a s s if ic a t i o n M anual w a s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith to t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b ov e th e m in im u m
lim it a t io n .
A l l o u tle ts (w ith in th e a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s su ch as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e ,
and m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, p a r t - t i m e , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e plant and
o ffic e ca te g o rie s.
5 A b b r e v ia t e d t o " p u b lic u t il it i e s " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n a r e e x c lu d e d . D e t r o i t 's t r a n s it s y s t e m is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a t e d and
is e x c lu d e d b y d e fin it io n f r o m the s c o p e o f the stu d y.
6 A b b r e v ia t e d to " f i n a n c e " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
7 E s tim a t e r e la t e s to r e a l e sta te e s t a b lis h m e n t s o n ly .
W o r k e r s f r o m th e e n t ir e in d u s tr y d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , but f r o m the r e a l e sta te p o r t io n o n ly in " a ll in d u s t r y "
and "n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " e s t im a t e s in- the B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
8 H o t e ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e l ig i o u s
and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e
T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n sh ow s th e p e r c e n t o f fu l l- t im e plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the D e t r o it a r e a in w h ic h a u n ion c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s
c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f th e w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , M a r c h 1976:
I n d u s tria l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa ctu rin g

P la n t w o r k e r s

A lm o s t t h r e e - f if t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in th e D e tro it
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u str y
a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g f i r m s ,
g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s as a p e r c e n t o a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g :
In d u s try g ro u p s

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s

T r a n s p o r t a t io n e q u ip m e n t _______ 50
M a c h in e r y , e x ce p t e l e c t r i c a l
12
F a b r ic a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 10
P r i m a r y m e t a l in d u s t r i e s _____ 10

M o t o r v e h ic le s and
e q u ip m e n t______________________ 50
M e ta l s t a m p in g s ________________
7
B la s t fu r n a c e and b a s ic
s t e e l p r o d u c t s ________________
6

R e t a il t r a d e ____________

17
18
17
59

22
2
10

A n e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d t o h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a ll plant o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f su c h w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d b y a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e f o r e , a ll o t h e r pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that e it h e r do
not h a ve la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s that a pply t o fe w e r than h a lf
o f t h e ir plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f th e extent
to w h ich a ll w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y th e p r o v is i o n s o f la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d and th e in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f the
s u r v e y is lim it e d .

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e f o r e a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u str y d iv is io n s m a y
d iff e r fr o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on r e s u lt s o f th e s u r v e y as show n in a p p en d ix ta b le 1.




O ffi c e w o r k e r s

89
98
73
98
91
60
67

41

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s is t o a s s i s t it s
f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l
t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t t o e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h i s
p e r m i t s th e g r o u p i n g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is
e m p h a s i s o n i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y , o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u ' s j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s . In a p p l y i n g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u ' s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d t o e x c l u d e
w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a n d i c a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y ,
and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to o n e in d i v i d u a l . M a i n ­
t a in s a c l o s e and h i g h l y r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o t h e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f
th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y i n d e p e n d e n t l y r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u i d a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s ,
u s u a l l y i n c l u d i n g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
answ ers
persons;

d.

e . R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , a nd r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;

a. R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , and r o u t e s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s t o th e p r o p e r
b.

c.
in stru cted;

E sta b lish es,




f.

m a i n t a i n s , and r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ;

M a in t a in s th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s

c a l e n d a r and m a k e s

appointm en ts

R e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ;

P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c and t y p i n g w o r k .

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a nd s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e
n a t u r e and d i f f i c u l t y . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e
and u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

as

B e g i n n i n g w it h c a l e n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , th e B u r e a u has g r o u p e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d in it s
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to j o b f a m i l i e s in o r d e r t o p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n o n r e l a t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m i l i e s h a v e n o t b e e n t i t l e d , h o w e v e r , s i n c e d o in g s o m i g h t h a v e a d d e d e x t r a n e o u s e l e m e n t s t o th e
jo b m atching p r o c e s s .
T h e B u r e a u has a l s o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t i o n a l t i t l e s .
u s u a l w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f th e s u r v e y j o b s .

The re v is e d titles m o r e n e a rly re fle ct

R e v i s e d o c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s a r e b e i n g i n t r o d u c e d t h is y e a r f o r : O r d e r c l e r k ; p a y r o l l c l e r k ;
s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r ; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h i n e ty p ist (p r e v io u s ly titled
t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r ) ; m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r . T h e y a r e th e
r e s u l t o f th e B u r e a u ' s p o l i c y o f p e r i o d i c a l l y r e v i e w i n g a r e a w a g e s u r v e y o c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s in
o r d e r to ta k e in to a c c o u n t t e c h n o l o g i c a l d e v e l o p m e n t s and to c l a r i f y d e s c r i p t i o n s s o th at t h e y a r e m o r e
r e a d i l y u n d e r s t o o d and u n i f o r m l y i n t e r p r e t e d .
E v e n t h o u g h th e r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n s r e f l e c t b a s i c a l l y th e
s a m e o c c u p a t i o n s as p r e v i o u s l y d e f i n e d , s o m e r e p o r t i n g c h a n g e s m a y o c c u r b e c a u s e o f t h e r e v i s i o n s .

4 2

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

E xclu sion s

Not a l l
ch a ra cteristics.
a r e as f o l l o w s :

p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e
E x a m p l e s o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f i n i t i o n

a. P o s i t i o n s
d e scrib e d above;
b.

w hich

do not

m e e t th e

"p e rso n a l"

secretary

concept

4 . S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

of p r o ­

5. S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t i e s ;

c . S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e
fe ssio n a l, tech n ical, o r m a n a geria l p e r so n s ;

assistants

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h th e d u t ie s
m o r e r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x and
c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f i n i t i o n ;

to a g r o u p

3. S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e ith e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w ide fun ction al a ctivity ( e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) cnr a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 000 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

are e ith er substantially
r e s p o n s i b l e th an t h o s e

e. A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s it io n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e difficu lt o r m o r e
resp on sib le tech n ical, adm in istrative, s u p e rv is o ry , o r s p e cia liz e d c le r ic a l
du ties w h ich a re not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th o s e o f fi c i a l s who have a sign ifican t c o r p o r a te w id e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t in a ll c a s e s
i d e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
act p e r s o n a lly on in divid u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny
individual loan o r c re d it a ctio n s ; a d m in is t e r in d ivid u al tru st a c c o u n t s; d ir e c t ly
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g t h e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b ut f e w e r th an 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but
f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 2 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s .

C lass B
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

C la ss C
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u i v a l e n t t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e f i n i t i o n
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h
a r e o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l i n ­
c l u d e s a w i d e ' r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e a u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 5 , 0 0 0
persons.
C la ss D
1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r th an a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; £ r

o f a sm a ll orga n iza tion a l

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m ­
p lo y e e , a d m inistrative o f fic e r , o r assista n t, sk illed tech n icia n , o r exp ert.
(N O TE :
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th an s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y du ty i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n u s i n g s h o r t h a n d , and t o t r a n s c r i b e
the dicta tio n .
M ay a ls o type f r o m w ritte n co p y .
May operate fr o m a
sten ogra ph ic p ool.
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s (if
p r i m a r y du ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
T ypist).
N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m th at o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n l y o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .
Stenographer, G eneral

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n t h e c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b ut f e w e r
th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




keep

D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y . M ay m ain tain f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

ST E N O G R A P H E R — Continued

F IL E C L E R K — Continued

S ten og rap h er, Senior
D ictation in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l
s u c h as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c
and m a i n t a i n f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y r e s e a r c h . M a y a l s o s e t up

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
(su b je c t m a t te r ) h ead ings o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l by fin e r subh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s .
As req u ested ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May p e r ­
f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t ie s r e q u i r i n g
sign ifican tly g r e a t e r in ­
d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d b y
th e f o l l o w i n g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and
a c c u r a c y ; a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u r e ; and o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s ,
procedures, f i l e s ,
w o r k f lo w , etc.
U s e s th is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g
s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t ie s and r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s
su ch as m ain tain in g
f o l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ;
co m p o sin g sim p le letters fr o m gen era l in stru ction s;
r e a d i n g and r o u tin g
i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g r o u t i n e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r i m a r y d u ty is to ty p e c o p y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d i c t a t i o n w h i c h d o e s
not i n v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h as th at u s e d in
le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r ts on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o type f r o m w ritten
cop y . M ay m ain tain f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
(See S t e n o g r a p h e r d e f i n i t i o n f o r w o r k e r s i n v o l v e d
w ith s h o r t h a n d d i c t a t i o n . )
TY PIST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e
ou t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M ay in ­
c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s j m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g
processes.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g lit t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h as
k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
in com in g m a il.
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l
in f in a l f o r m w h e n it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n l a n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and b a l a n c e in
s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s t o suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : C o p y t y p in g f r o m
r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r r o u t i n e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
o r s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ; o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s
a l r e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .
FIL E CLERK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a i n t a i n f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s o n th e b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A.
C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a l s o f i l e th is
m aterial.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n w ith the f i l e s .
M ay lead a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .




C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l th at h a s a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system
(e .g ., a lp h abetical, c h ro n o lo g ica l, o r n u m e rica l).
As requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f ill out w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d t o m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h as r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s th at r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t du ty.
SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d w ith a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m t o r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
ca lls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n t o c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a t i n g a t e l e p h o n e
s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty pe o r p e r f o r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r r o u t i n e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at th e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C hief o r
l e a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e th an o n e o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c l u d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a l s o a c t s a s a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w i t c h b o a r d
O pera tor-R eception ist.
SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w ork in volves
b u s i n e s s and
p riate p e r s o n
a r r a n g i n g an

s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c t s b o t h as
s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
s u c h d u t ie s as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g n a t u r e o f v i s i t o r ' s
p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in th e o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n t a c t i n g th at p e r s o n b y t e l e p h o n e and
app ointm en t; k eep in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e rb a l c u s t o m e r s 1 p u rch a se o r d e r s fo r m a te ria l
o r m erch a n d ise f r o m cu sto m e r s o r sa les peop le.
W ork typically in volves
s o m e c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g d u t i e s : Q u o t in g p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s t i n g s u b s t i t u t e s w h e n n e c e s s a r y ; a d v i s i n g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y da te and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r s h e e t s ;
c h e c k i n g o r d e r s h e e t s f o r a c c u r a c y and
a d e q u a c y o f i n f o r m a t i o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t r a ti n g o f c u s t o m e r ;
f u r n i s h i n g c u s t o m e r w it h a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to s e e th at o r d e r i s d e l i v e r e d b y th e s p e c i f i e d date o r to le t c u s t o m e r k n o w
o f a d e l a y in d e l i v e r y ; m a i n t a i n i n g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k i n g s h ip p in g i n v o i c e
again st o r ig i n a l o r d e r .

O R D E R C L E R K — Continued

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p a id on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e d u tie s in c lu d e
any o f th e f o l l o w i n g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r th a n f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v id in g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u lt a t iv e a d v ic e u s in g k n o w le d g e
g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e r in g o r e x t e n s iv e t e c h n i c a l t r a in in g ; e m p h a s iz in g s e llin g
" s k ills ; h a n d lin g m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in t e g r a l p a r t o f th e j o b .

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .

P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

th e

f o llo w in g

C la s s A .
H a n d le s o r d e r s th a t in v o lv e m a k in g ju d g m e n ts s u c h as
c h o o s in g w h ic h s p e c i f i c p r o d u c t o r m a t e r i a l f r o m th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's p r o d u c t
lin e s w i l l s a t is f y th e c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e t e r m in in g th e p r i c e t o b e q u o t e d
w h e n p r i c i n g in v o lv e s m o r e th a n m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r m a k in g
s o m e s im p le m a t h e m a t ic a l c a lc u la t io n s .
C la s s B . H a n d le s o r d e r s in v o lv in g it e m s w h ic h h a v e r e a d il y id e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s and a p p lic a t io n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a t a lo g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m a n u a l,
o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t t o in s u r e th a t p r o p e r it e m is s u p p lie d o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d it e m .

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l ta s k s s u c h as p o s t in g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r if y in g th e in t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r if y in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g ,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s i s t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e ­
c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a c c o u n t in g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e
w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g t e r m s
a nd p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is n ot r e q u ir e d to h a v e a
k n o w le d g e o f th e f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g .
P o s itio n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e b a s is

o f th e f o llo w in g

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n t in g t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s
an d c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t io n s th o u g h p r e v io u s a c c o u n t in g a c t io n s
to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M ay be a s s is te d by on e o r m o r e
c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C la s s B .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s
an d s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s
one o r m o r e
r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s t in g t o l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
id e n t i f ic a t io n o f it e m s an d l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k ­
in g a c c u r a c y an d c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d a nd r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t ­
in g c o d e s .




C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y h an d.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n ot i n ­
c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s a nd p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g
d ep a rtm e n t.

M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o t h e r th an
an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b illin g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l to b illin g
o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :
B il l i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a t io n
ty p in g and a d d in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
a nd e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n ot b e c o m p u te d on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e d b y
m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f
th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o ft e n d o n e o n a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f th e
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a l ly in v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n tr y o f
f ig u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in t s
a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W ork s fr o m
u n if o r m and s ta n d a r d ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

PA Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; a d ju s tin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r ch a n g e s
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s , o r ta x d e d u c t io n s ; e d itin g p a y r o ll
lis t i n g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in lis t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t in g in p r e p a r a t io n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a n o n a u t o m a t e d p a y r o l l s y s t e m , c o m p u t e s w a g e s . W o r k m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t i c a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u la t io n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o ll p o l i c y , o r th e
co m p u te r sy s te m fo r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e t ic a n d / o r
n u m e r ic da ta o n ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .

f r o m th is d e fin it io n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s . A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s
o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e e q u ip m e n t.

P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

l e v e l s o n th e

b a s is

of

P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s .

th e f o llo w in g

c la s s ifie d

in to l e v e l s

o n th e

b a s is o f

th e f o llo w in g

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s
in c lu d in g d e v is in g d if f ic u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h
o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a tu r e
and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a in in g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s o r tr a in in g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e p o s it io n s in w h ic h w ir in g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is li m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o llo w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t in g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g it e m s t o b e k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e
d ocu m en ts.
O n o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
M a y t r a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W o r k is r o u tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s ta n d ­
a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o llo w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r n o
s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a ta to b e r e c o r d e d .
R e fe r s to s u ­
p e r v is o r p r o b le m s
a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g
in fo r m a t io n .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u n der s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e c o m p le t e but
r o u tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u l t ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h as
th e t a b u la t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s u s e d b y
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n n e w e m p lo y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s .
C la s s C . U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r
e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h as th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g
p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k u n it,
f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o lla t in g r u n s , o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t io n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s im p le w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s , and do s o m e filin g w o r k .

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

c u la t o r ,

are

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h as th e t a b u la t o r , c a l ­
c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , e t c .
E x c lu d e d

PR O FESSIO NA L A N D TE C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN E SS---- C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN ESS

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u to m a te d and id e n t i fie s c o n d it io n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to b e u s e d ; o u tlin e s a c t io n s to b e
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g ( t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f
w o r k and d a ta f lo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n ew and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f th is is th e s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b l e m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a ta a nd m u lt i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f ou tpu t d a ta .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s
an in t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n
s c h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e fu ll
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e f o llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in itia t e d b y th e
c o m p u t e r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e im p lic a t io n s o f n e w o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r ch a n g e s and f o r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v id e f u n c t io n a l
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

to

lo w e r le v e l

sy ste m s

a n a ly s t s

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n
p r o b l e m s th a t a r e r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a t e d t o a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l im it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t d a ta
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e ou tp u t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,

D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n ­
agem ent o r
s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r sy ste m s
a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y
c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g
p r o b le m s .




d ir e c tio n

46

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g
a ccou n ts
r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u fa c tu r in g o r w h o l e s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t .)
C o n fe r s w ith
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p lie d .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d if f ic u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip ­
m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e la t e d but d i v e r s e p r o ­
d u cts f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x ­
t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s
s u c h a c t io n s
a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e ­
u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to
d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and
s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n t s to f o r m a
h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o n r o u tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s ig n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p lia n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to in s u r e
p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C la s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a ly s e s
as a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t i v it y . A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p
a nd e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills
r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d b y p r o ­
g r a m m e r s f r o m in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

M a y p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n
a re a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e l a t i v e l y s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n t o p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and lis t in g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f in in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d itio n s t o o r d e le t io n s f r o m
in pu t d a ta w h ic h a r e r e a d il y a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s
re c o r d s m ay be
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o th at th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f da ta ca n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t io n s .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS

OR

C o n v e r t s s ta t e m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e ­
q u ir e d to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r
d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e ­
c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h , w h en e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d
la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u la tio n o f d a ta t o a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b ­
j e c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to
b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r it e s d e t a ile d flo w
c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e
c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e t o f o llo w ; t e s t s
and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t io n
ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i ­
c i e n c y o r a dap t to n ew r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l­
y s i s an d p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f th is is
th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g
p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y

pu rposes,

program m ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as f o l l o w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n
o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o ­
g r a m m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s and c h a r ts
w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a tu r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s te p s to
b e a c c o m p l i s h e d , an d th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b ­
l e m s o lv in g r o u tin e ; p la n s th e f u ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d
t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t iliz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .




t o lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho

W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s
(a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r
c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M ay a s s is t
h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f ic u lt ta s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d if f ic u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s
and c o n c e p t s
u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s
a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a r d p r o ­
c e d u r e s to r o u tin e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n e w a s p e c t s
o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v ie w e d t o v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e
w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COM PUTER O PERATOR
M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to
p rocess
d a ta a c c o r d i n g t o o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
p r o g r a m m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S tu d ie s in s t r u c t io n s to
d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t s e tu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts t o c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s
m a d e d u rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r ­
v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t and a s s i s t
in c o r r e c t i n g p r o g r a m .
F or

w age

s tu d y

pu rposes,

co m p u te r

op erators

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a
c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : N ew
p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

D R A F T E R — Continued

o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e t o m i n im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x
d e s ig n s o th a t i d e n t i f ic a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o ft e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k in g k n o w ­
le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , an d a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y n ot b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d i r e c t i o n and g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .

C la s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a
c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; M o s t
o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y run o n a r e g u la r ly
r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is lit t le o r n o t e s t in g o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ;
a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a j o r ch a n g e
o r ca n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o r t t i m e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r
s it u a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .
T h is u s u a lly i n ­
v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s ta n d a r d
c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A . M a y
a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f ic u l t ta s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u l t t a s k s f o llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and
w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .

ex p e cte d
a b ilit y t o
r e c e iv e d
op era tor

C la s s C . W o r k s on r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in ru n n in g r o u tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly h as
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l
o n c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER

C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s ig n if ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ftin g
p reced en ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e
d e t a ils o f f o r m , f u n c t io n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n t s and
p a rts.
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p le t e d w o r k
is r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y
lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t e r s .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n t s
th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a ­
t i o n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s and
m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s t o
d e t e r m in e q u a n tit ie s o f




C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r
e n g in e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t io n , m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o l id a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h e n a s s ig n m e n t s
r e c u r . W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g
c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n o t
in c lu d e t r a c in g l im it e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t in g o f s t r a ig h t lin e s a nd a
l a r g e s c a l e n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d it e m s .

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s on v a r io u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d if y in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , and t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y t o d e t e r m in e m a lf u n c t io n s , and s k i l l to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n ..
T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s i s t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d if f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f th e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — in c l u d e s , but is n o t lim it e d
t o , th e fo llo w in g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m it t in g and r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a t io n a l a id s ) , (b) d ig ita l
and a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , an d ( c ) in d u s t r ia l a nd m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n ­
t r o l l i n g e q u ip m e n t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u c h s ta n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y du ty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h a v e a d m in is t r a t iv e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to l e v e l s

on

th e

b a s is

of

th e f o llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y ca n n o t b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g o n

48

E L E C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

E L E C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and
d e n s ity o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d ia t io n , is o la t in g m a lf u n c t io n s , and
fr e q u e n t e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f
th e i n t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r ­
f o r m in g s u c h t a s k s as m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c in g r e la t io n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u l a r l y u sin g c o m p le x t e s t i n ­
stru m e n ts
( e . g . , d u a l t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s ,
p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .

W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, f o llo w in g d e t a ile d i n ­
s t r u c t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s s u c h
ta s k s a s : A s s i s t i n g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
n ot r e q u ir e d to b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d t o i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m t r a in in g ) s o th a t w o r k e r cam a d v a n ce
t o h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d
r e v ie w w h en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y ca n b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
W o r k in v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s and t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x than t h o s e u s e d b y th e
c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e t o l o w e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R SE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p lo y e e s * i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ,; a s s i s t in g in p h y s i c a l e x a m in a t io n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g ou t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lt h e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v it ie s a ff e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than
o n e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A IN TEN A N C E , TO O LRO O M , A N D PO W ER PLA N T
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N — C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ;
u s in g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a r d
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s
r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g
and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h as th e i n ­
s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r i ­
b u t io n , o r u tiliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s
m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l
e q u ip m e n t s u c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s ,
a y o u ts, o r o th e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r
e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f




4 9

w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls
and m e a s u r in g and t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in ­
t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f ix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s th e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s
and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o t h e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n ­
s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r it t e n in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in is t 's h a n d to o ls

M A IN T E N A N C E M ACH IN IST— Continued

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R — Continued

and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g s ta n d a r d
m a c h in e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d
s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , ana s p e e d s
o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n m e t a ls ;
s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o r k ;
and fitt in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l , th e
m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k n o r m a lly
r e q u ir e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p ip e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W o rk e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a ir s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f h a n d t o o ls in
s c r a p in g and fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t by a
m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a ir s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u tie s in v o lv e s e tt in g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e
e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t and p e r ­
f o r m in g r e p a ir s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,
d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b lin g o r fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a l v e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b lin g and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r
tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a in te n a n c e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s .
M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R
I n s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : L a y in g
ou t w o r k and m e a s u r in g to l o c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r
w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s t e n in g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r f in is h e d p ip e s




M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f ix t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g o u t a ll t y p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls in c u tt in g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g ,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ;,, a nd in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . Tn
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d
tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g ou t w o r k ;
in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls
and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h
o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u ip m e n t;
s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and
m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h as d r i v e s and
speed red u ce rs.
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s i n . t h e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f
w o r k th e h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n fin e d t o s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls
and t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s h e is p e r m it t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th at a r e a ls o
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t in g o n e o r m o r e th a n o n e ty p e o f m a c h in e
t o o l ( e . g . , ji g b o r e r , g r in d in g m a c h in e , e n g in e la t h e , m i llin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u ttin g t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n m e t a llic m a t e r i a l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W o r k t y p i c a l l y
in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ic h
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a t e d s e tu p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e tt in g up m a c h in e

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O LR O O M )— Continued

T O O L AND DIE M A K E R — Continued

t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g t o o l s and a d ju s t g u id e s , s t o p s , w o r k in g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n t r o ls to h a n d le th e s i z e o f s t o c k t o b e m a c h in e d ;
d e t e r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l in g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t
t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ) ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n t s d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is i t e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and t o d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l, th e
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at th e s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u ir e s e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

w o r k in g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f in is h e d t o o l s
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; fitt in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s o r (2 ) p r o d u c e f o r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ) .

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
in c lu d e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops.

O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f
s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the
e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k i n v o lv e s : O p e r a t in g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t, s t e a m b o i l e r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ea d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than o n e e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .

T O O L AN D D IE M A K E R

C on stru cts
and r e p a ir s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r , g la s s ).
W o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o I v e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r
o t h e r w r it t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls
and a llo y s ; s e le c t in g
a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le t e ta s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s ;
s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u sin g
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a fe t y v a l v e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

M ATERIAL M O V E M E N T A N D CUSTODIAL
T R U C K D R IV E R

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s ,
m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
su ch as:
M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t s , fr e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le and
r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s
o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t
h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g
o r d e r . S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s
s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g th e
m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t. R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y in g o r d ir e c t in g
o t h e r s in v e r if y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in ­
v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g e d g o o d s ;
r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ta in in g
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s f o llo w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a te d on th e b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o llo w s :

lig h t t r u c k (u n d e r IV 2 t o n s )
m e d iu m t r u c k (IV 2 to and in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
h eavy tr u ck (tr a ile r ) (o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y t r u c k (o t h e r th an t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )

S h ip p in g c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

W AREH OUSEM AN

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k

A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e
an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t




51

W A R E H O U SE M A N — Continued

M A T E R IA L H AN DLING L A B O R E R — Continued

o f th e f o llo w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in st r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; r o u tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
ta k in g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e ­
p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r i a l f r o m
s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t. M a y o p e r a t e h an d o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .

c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c i n g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e iv in g
w o r k ( s e e S h ip p in g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f illin g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s a b ou t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
F o r w age
t r u c k , as f o llo w s :

s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e

c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

O R D E R F IL L E R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t io n s . M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and in d ic a t in g
it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is i t io n a d d i­
t io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t e d
d u t ie s .
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t
u pon th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u nits to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t.
W o r k r e q u ir e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s in
s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g
c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t




F o r k lift o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o th e r th a n f o r k lif t )

G U ARD AND W A T C H M A N
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at f ix e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s
g u a r d s w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a t c h m a n . M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , t h e f t , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o t e c t in g

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g ,
m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o t h e r
r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f ix t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , an d r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w
w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s o r b u l l e t i n s u p p l e m e n t s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t th e r e q u e s t o f th e E m p l o y m e n t
S ta n d a r d s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.
B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e b a c k c o v e r .
B u ll e t in s u p p l e m e n t s m a y b e
o b t a i n e d w it h o u t c o s t , w h e r e i n d i c a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u ll e t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

A k r o n , O h io, D e c . 1975_________ _____ ____________________ ____ ___ ____ ____________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 0 ,
A lb a n y —S c h e n e c ta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975 1_________________ ____ ____________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 3 ,
A n a h e im —
Santa A na—G a r d e n G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1 ________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 5 ,
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 5 ,
A u s tin , T e x ., D e c . 1 9 7 5 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -8 3 ,
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ _ 1 8 5 0 -6 2 ,
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 6 ,
B in g h a m ton , N .Y .—P a ., J u ly 1975 ________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 0 ,
B irm in g h a m , A l a ., M a r . 1976 1____________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 1 ,
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1975 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 8 ,
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 9 ,
C anton, O h io, M a y 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
C h a tta n oog a , T en n .—G a ., Sept. 1975 1____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 7 ,
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1975 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 3 ,
C in cin n a ti, O h io—K y.—I n d ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -7 ,
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 4 ,
C o lu m b u s , O h io, O ct. 1 9 7 5 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 8 ,
C o r p u s C h r is t i, T e x ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 7 ,
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1 9 7 5 * ___________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 9 ,
D a v e n p o rt—R o c k Isla n d —M o lin e , Iow a—111., F e b . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________ Suppl.
D ay ton , O h io, D e c . 1975----------------------------------------------------------- --------- ---------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -7 3 ,
D ayton a B e a ch , F la ., A u g . 1975----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 7 ,
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 2 ,
D e t r o it, M ic h ., M a r. 1 9 7 6 1_______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 5 ,
F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W e st P a lm B ea ch —
B o c a R a ton , F la ., A p r . 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 6 ,
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1975 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 1 ,
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 7 ,
G r e e n B ay, W is ., J u ly 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 4 ,
G r e e n s b o r o — i n s t o n -S a le m —H igh P o in t, N. C ., A ug. 1 9 7 5 ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 9 ,
W
G r e e n v ille —S p a rta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1975 _______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 2 ,
H a r t fo r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 4 ,
H ou ston , T e x ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
H u n ts v ille , A l a ., F e b . 1975 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct. 1975 1 ____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 6 ,
J a c k s o n , M i s s ., F e b . 1976_________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -8 ,
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1975______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 1 ,
K an sas C ity, M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 _____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 5 ,
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y ., N ov . 1975 1______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 4 ,
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch , C a li f., O c t . 1975 1____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 6 ,
L o u is v i ll e , K y.—I n d ., N ov . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 9 ,
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F la ., A ug. 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 4 ,
M e m p h is , T en n .— r k .—M i s s . , N ov . 1975_________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 5 ,
A
Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
To be surveyed.




45 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 0
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .3 0
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
95 ce n ts
$ 1 .5 0
95 ce n ts
F ree
85 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .3 0
95 cen ts
65 ce n ts
$ 1 .5 0
F ree
45 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
75 cen ts
$ 1 .2 5
80 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
80 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
55 cen ts
F ree
F ree
95 cen ts
55 cen ts
45 cen ts
80 cen ts
75 cen ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 ce n ts
65 cen ts
45 cen ts

A rea

B u ll e t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1975______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 6, 95 ce n ts
M ilw a u k ee, W is ., A p r . 1975 1________________________________ ____ ___________________ ______ 1 8 5 0 -2 1 , 85 ce n ts
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n .—W is ., J an. 1 9 7 6 __ _________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -3 , 95 cen ts
N a ss a u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1975 1________________________________________________ _________ 1 8 5 0 -3 9 , $ 1 .0 0
S
N ew a rk , N .J ., Jan. 1976_____________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 10, 85 ce n ts
N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , J an . 1976________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -2 , 75 ce n ts
N ew Y o r k , N . Y .- N .J ., M a y 1975 1 __________________ ______________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 5 , $ 1 .1 0
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1975 ___________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 9 , 65 ce n ts
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H a m pton , V a .—N. C ., M a y 1975 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 0 , 65 c e n t s
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1975 _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 2 , 65 c e n t s
O k la h om a C ity , Ok l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 1 , 65 ce n ts
O m ah a , N e b r ,—Iow a, O ct. 1 9 7 5 _______ _____ ________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 6 , $ 1 .1 0
P a t e r s o n —C l if t o n - P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1975 1_____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 8 , 80 c e n t s
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov. 1975 ____________________ ____________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 5 , 85 ce n ts
P itts b u rg h , P a ., J an. 1976 1----------------------------- ------ ---------------------------------------------- ------------- - 1 9 0 0 -1 , $ 1 .1 5
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N ov. 1975_________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 2 , 45 ce n ts
P o r t la n d , O r e g .— a sh ., M ay 1975 ____________________________ ____ _____ ___ _____ _________ 1 8 5 0 -4 0 , 75 ce n ts
W
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., J une 1 975 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 0 , 65 c e n t s
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g ston — ew b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1975 1 __________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 8 , 75 ce n ts
N
P r o v id e n c e —W a rw ic k —P a w tu ck et, R .I ., —M a s s . , June 1975 ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 7 , 75 ce n ts
R a le ig h —D u rh a m , N .C ., F e b . 1975 ________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
R ich m o n d , V a ., June 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________ ____ ____ ____ _____ __________ 1 8 5 0 -4 1 , 65 ce n ts
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r. 1975 ___________________________________________ _________________Suppl.
F ree
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif., D e c . 1975______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 7 , 45 ce n ts
Sa gin a w , M ic h ., N ov. 1975__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 1 , 3 5 ce n ts
S alt L ak e City—O gd en , Utah, N ov. 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 4 , 75 ce n ts
San A n to n io , T e x ., M ay 1975 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 3 , 65 ce n ts
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 197 5_______________________________ ____ _____ ________________ _____ 1 8 5 0 -7 7 , 45 ce n ts
San F r a n c i s c o — ak land, C a lif., M a r . 1976_______________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -9 , 95 cen ts
O
San J o s e , C a li f., J an . 1976_________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 3 , 65 ce n ts
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t , W a sh ., J an . 1976_________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -6 , 65 ce n ts
South B en d , Ind., M a r . 1976________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -5 , 55 ce n ts
S t a m fo r d , C onn. 1 2 __________________________________________________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N. Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 3 , 65 ce n ts
T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., M ay 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 4 , 80 ce n ts
M
T r e n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1975 1 _______ ______________ __________________ ________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 0 , $ 1 .2 0
U tica—R o m e , N .Y ., J u ly 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 8 , 80 c e n ts
W a sh in gton , D .C .—M d.—V a ., M a r. 1976____________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 2 , 85 ce n ts
W e s t c h e s t e r C ounty, N. Y ., M ay 1975 1____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 3 , 80 c e n ts
W ich ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M ay 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 4 , 80 ce n ts
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1976-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 9 0 0 -4 , 55 ce n ts

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau off Labor Statistics Regional Offffices
Region I
Region II
1603 JFK Federal Building
Suite 3400
Government Center
1515 Broadway
Boston, Mass. 02203
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
C oneecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Cade 215)
Delaware
D istrict of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
Regions IX and X
Region VI
Regions VII and V III
Second Floor
Federal Office Building
450 Golden Gate Ave.
9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
555 Griffin Square Building
Box 36017
Chicago, III. 60604
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
Illin o is
V III
IX
X
Indiana
VII
Arkansas
Arizona
Alaska
Iowa
Colorado
M ichigan
Louisiana
Idaho
Montana
C alifornia
Minnesota
Kansas
New Mexico
Oregon
Hawaii
Missouri
North Dakota
Oklahoma
Ohio
Washington
Nevada
Nebraska
South Dakota
W isconsin
Texas
Utah
Wyoming





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102