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AREA WAGE SURVEY
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U.S.

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

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1660-73

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S




BU REA U

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S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L O F F I C E S

ALASKA

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New Y ork, N.Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions VII and VIII
Federal O ffice Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-B Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R




J. D . H o d g s o n , S e c r e ta r y

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
G e o ffr e y H . M o o re , C o m m iss io n e r

AREA WAGE SURVEY
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M

o

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Bulletin

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1660-73
August 1970

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 35 cents




P re fa c e

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v i d e d a ta on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , an d e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e t a ile d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d iv is io n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , a nd f o r th e
U n ite d S t a te s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to ( l ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y an d s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) th e s t r u c ­
tu r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le t in p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d . A f t e r
c o m p le t io n o f a l l o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s f o r a ro u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle t in s a r e is s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r in g s d a ta f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to
on e b u lle t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo r m a t io n w h ic h h as
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a d a ta to
r e la t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s a nd th e U n ited S ta te s .

A.

N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , in f o r m a t io n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly and on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .

B.

T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
D e s M o in e s , I o w a , in M a y 1 9 7 0. T h e S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n
S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f P o lk C o u n ty . T h is s tu d y
w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e in K a n s a s
C it y , M o . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f E d w a r d C h a ik e n ,
A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s .




5

E s t a b lis h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s tu d ie d __________________________________________________________
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________
O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s :
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s —m e n an d w o m e n ___________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —m e n and
w o m e n ____________ ________________________________________________
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s ____________________
A - 5. C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________

4

6

7
10
11
12
13

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e
B -2 .
B -3 .

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ________________________________________________
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s _________________________________________

15
16

B -5 .
B -6 .
B -7 .

P a id v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________________________
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ________________________
M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n a nd f r e q u e n c y o f
p a y m e n t------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

18
21
22

O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________

23

A p p e n d ix .

a reas.

NOTE:
S im ila r ta b u la tio n s
(S e e in s id e b a c k c o v e r . )

a r e a v a ila b le

f o r o th e r

U n ion s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s in
th e D e s M o in e s a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a ila b le f o r b u ild in g c o n ­
s t r u c t io n ; p r in t in g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a l l i e d o c c u p a t io n s .

iii




In tro d u c tio n
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h i c h the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tistics con du cts s u rv e y s of o ccu p a tion a l earnings
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In th is a r e a , da ta w e r e
ob ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u re a u f ie ld e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
Manu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry gro u p s ex clu d e d f r o m th ese stu dies are
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y te n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o ccu p a tip n s stu died to w a r r a n t in clu s io n .
S ep arate tabulations are
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s h o w n f o r
fu ll-ti m e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th ose h ire d to w o rk a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da ta e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir re g u la r s tr a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu siv e of pay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e ra g e s pre se n te d r e fle ct co m p o s ite , areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f f i n g a nd , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a nd w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w ithin individual e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffer­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y the
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; arid d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th an t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a re con d u cte d on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d ie d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , all esta b lish m e n ts a re giv en th eir a p p rop ria te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O c c u p a t i o n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follow in g ty pes:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s da t a f o l l o w i n g
th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s da t a f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
da ta t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in
a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the s t u d y and not th e n u m b e r
actu a lly s u rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o in d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s data.
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s

and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d ( in th e B - s e r i e s

ta b les) on s e le c t e d

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s t h e y
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
r e l a t e t o p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
as a s epa ra te w o r k f o r c e a re e x clu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e
partment of Labor.




1

2
w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s
(inclu din g le a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o rk e rs"
i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or re la ted fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u strie s.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y t o th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a re m o r e lik e ly to have f o r m a l e n tra n ce ra te s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th an s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l da ta ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l plant
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h ift at th e t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if n o a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h if t h o u r s .

T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( ta b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d as a p p l y i n g to
a ll o f the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
S ch edu led
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .

P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s ;
and f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n th e b a s i s th at t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a ll
pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s o f i n d iv id u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f
rounding.

D a ta on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( ta b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to da ta o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y gra n ted a r e in clu d e d e v e n though th ey m a y fa ll on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y and th e w o r k e r is not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t

p a r t o f th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a lf
h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a l f
h olid a y s to show total h olid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( ta b le B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d t o a
sta tistica l m e a s u re of v a ca tion p r o v is io n s .
It i s n o t i n t e n d e d as a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a ll l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a ll pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s of length o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p aym en t on
o t h e r th an a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a nn ua l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
th ose w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t ic a l" benefits beyon d b a s ic
p la n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l of such
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a ta o n h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s ( t a b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t . S u ch p la n s i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r t h is p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n
if the m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f the p l a n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u ir e d pla n s, such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d t o that ty p e o f
in su ra n c e under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh paym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
I n f o r m a t i o n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s t o w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H ow­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e th a n is l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e
l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e
w o r k e r 's pay du rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i lln e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
eith e r o r both ty p e s of b e n e fit s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g ic a l plan s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
p le t e o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r ­
w r it te n by c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t i o n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a id f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out o f a fund s e t a s i d e f o r
th is p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p la n s that p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.
M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b le B - 7 ) r e l a t e s t o b a s i c
t y p e s o f r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e and i n ­
centive s y s t e m s .
U n d e r a s i n g l e r a t e s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e is p a id
t o a ll e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
ual w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y b e p a id a b o v e o r b e l o w th e s i n g l e r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s th e m i n i m u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o is p r o v i d e d o n the
m e t h o d o f p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h the r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f the i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
the p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n o n t y p e s o f i n c e n t i v e p la n s is p r o v i d e d o n l y
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e o f th e l o w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U n d e r a p i e c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e is p a id
f o r e a c h unit o f ou tpu t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l e s s th a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a tio n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n ts b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of valu e o f s a l e s , o r on a co m b in a tio n of a stated s a la r y
p lu s a p e r c e n t a g e .

table

D ata
B -7.

on

frequen cy

of

wage

paym ent

a lso

are

p rovided

in

4

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u rv e y and n u m b e r

s tu d ie d in D e s M o in e s , Io w a ,1 b y m a jo r in d u s try divisio n ,2 M a y 1 9 7 0

Number of es tablishments
Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study3

Studied

Studied

T otal4
Plant
Number

All d ivision s-----------------------------------------------Manufacturing----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing------------------- ------------------------Transportation, com m unication, and
other public u tilitie s 5______________________
Wholesale trade -------------------------------------------Retail trade---------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real esta te_______
S ervices 8--------------------------------------------------------

Office

P ercent

T otal4

291

109

60, 112

100

32, 970

15, 064

39, 351

50
-

87
204

39
70

23, 744
36, 368

39
61

16, 544
16, 426

2, 772
12, 292

17, 949
21, 402

50
50
50
50
50

27
38
66
49
24

14
12
14
17
13

6,
5,
10,
11,
2,

11
9
17
19
5

540
555
303
209
761

2, 761
(6)
(6)
n
(6)

1, 846
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

5,
3,
4,
5,
1,

177
624
909
793
899

1 The Des Moines Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, con sists of Polk County.
The "w orkers within scope of study"
estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate d escrip tion of the size and com position of the labor fo rce included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve
as a basis o f com parison with other em ploym ent indexes fo r the area to m easure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires
theuse of establishm ent
data com piled
con siderably in advance of the p a yroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the minimum lim itation. All outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair se rvice ,
and m otion picture theaters are con sidered as 1 establishm ent.
Includes executive, profession a l, and other w orkers excluded from the separate plant and office ca tegories.
5 Taxicabs and serv ices incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates fo r "a ll in d ustries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the Series A tables, and fo r "all in d u stries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made fo r one or m ore of the following reasons: (l) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not
designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p ossibility of d isclo su re of individual establishm ent data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates fo r "a ll in d ustries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in estim ates
for "a ll in d ustries" in the Series B tables.
Separate presentation of data fo r this division is not made fo r one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal se rv ice s; business se rv ice s ; automobile repair, rental, and parking; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural se rv ice s .




T w o-fifths of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the Des Moines area were
em ployed in manufacturing firm s.
The following presents the m ajor industry groups and
specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

S pecific industries

M achinery, except
e le ctrica l----------------------------------24
Printing and publishing-------------- 18
Rubber and plastics
p ro d u cts----------------------------------- 17
Food and kindred
p ro d u cts----------------------------------- 12
F abricated metal
p ro d u cts---------------------------------- 8

Farm m ach in ery_______________ 22
T ires and inner tubes__________ 17
P e r io d ic a ls ____________________ 11
Fabricated structural metal
p ro d u cts______________________ 5
N ewspapers____________________ 5

This inform ation is based on estim ates of total em ploym ent derived from universe
m aterials com piled p rio r to actual survey.
P roportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d t o the d a te o f the
i n d e x . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s
b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
T h e s e e s tim a te s a re m e a s u r e s of change
in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e
p a y c h a n g e s i n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu s iv e of earn ings fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r pla n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

L i m i t a t i o n s o f Data
M ethod of C om putin g
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in pa y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i le in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, wages
m a y h av e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y C o n sta n t, y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p was a s sig n e d a con sta n t w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a te e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . T h e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r all o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
The in dex
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n ext s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d i n c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Clerks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerks, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, material handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch an ge r e f le c t on ly ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m pa y
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6




T a b le 2 .
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la rie s a n d s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s
in D e s M o in e s , Io w a , M a y 1 9 7 0 a n d M a r c h 1 9 6 9 , a n d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll industries
P eriod

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(m en and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(m en and
women)

Manufacturing

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

Office
c le r ic a l
(m en and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(m en and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

121.7
112.9

118. 5
112. 8

118. 0
112. 2

155. 4
127. 7

142. 4
120. 2

145. 7
123. 5

Indexes (F eb ru a ry 1967=100)
May 1970-------------------------------------------------------------M arch 1969------------------------------- --------- ----------------

118. 8
111. 0

121.4
112.6

118. 9
112. 0

113. 7
110. 0

117. 4
109. 9

Indexes (F eb ru a ry 1961 = 100)
May 1970_____________________ _________________ F eb ru a ry 1967--------------- -------------------------------------

149. 1
125. 5

156. 2
128. 6

144. 1
121.3

141.4
124. 4

145. 9
124. 3

P ercents of increase
M arch 1969 to
F ebruary 1968
February 1967
F eb ru a ry 1966
F ebruary 1965
F ebruary 1964
F ebruary 1963
F ebruary 1962
F eb ru a ry 1961
F eb ru a ry I960

May 1970------------------------------------to M arch 1969..... .............. .............
to February 1968----------------------to F eb ru a ry 1967----------------------to February 1966----------------------to February 1965----------------------to F ebruary 1964-------- - ............
to F ebruary 1963----------------------to F eb ru a ry 1962----------------------to F eb ru a ry 1961-----------------------

7.
4.
6.
5.
4.
2.
3.
3.
4.
1.

1
7
0
6
0
6
2
0
7
1

7.
5.
6.
7.
2.
3.
4.
3.
4.
4.

8
5
7
7
3
8
0
6
3
5

6.
5.
6.
3.
4.
3.
3.
2.
2.
4.

1
6
1
8
1
0
2
9
6
0

3. 4
6. 0
3. 8
5. 5
3. 7
4. 0
3. 3
3. 2
2. 5
5. 6

6. 8
6. 7
3. 1
4. 7
4. 5
3. 5
2. 1
3. 7
3.6
1.9

7. 7
5.9
6. 7
8. 1
2. 8
3. 8
n
n

t1)
3.9

1 Data do not m eet publication c r ite ria .

NOTE: P rev iou sly published indexes fo r the Des M oines area used F ebruary 1961 as the base
p eriod .
They can be converted to the new base p eriod by dividing them by the corresp on din g index
num bers fo r F ebruary 1967 on the F ebruary 1961 base p eriod as shown in the table. (The resu lt should
be m ultiplied by 100.)

5.
6.
6.
4.
4.
2.
2.
2.
2.
4.

1
0
4
1
1
7
6
9
2
4

5. 2
6 .6
5. 2
5. 1
3. 0
3. 1
4 .4
2. 7
3. 1
4. 8

7

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e arn in g s

T a b le

A -1 .

O ffice

o ccu p a tio n s— m en

and

w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D es M o in e s , Io w a , M a y 1970)
Weekly ea rn in g ^ ^ ^
( standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Number of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
t

t
55

weekly
(standard)

M
ean2

Median2

$
60

S
65

S

t
70

75

t

t

»
80

85

90

*
95

$
100

$
105

*
110

$
115

i
120

*
125

$
130

t

»
140

150

f
160

$
170

and
under

Middle range 2

60

180

and
75

65

70

80

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

~

-

“

90

95

-

1

3

*

1

3

85

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

4

6
2
4

8
4
4

7
5
2

11

4

4
1
3

6
2
4

13
2
11

12
6
6

100

over

170

180

1

1
1

2
-

3

1

~

2

3

3

-

-

-

6

-

MEN

1 2 4 .5 0

$
1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 1 7 .0 0

1 1 6 .5 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

9

-

3

2

2

3

-

6

6

-

4 0 .0

1 4 6 .0 0

1 5 0 .5 0

1 3 4 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

5

-

-

4

7

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 7 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

7 3 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

11
6

16
15

4
4

2

2

3

-

~

1
1

4

“

4
4

“

1
1

“

“

—

22

3 9 .0

1 1 9 .0 0

122 -0 0

9 8 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

3

-

-

1

2

4

3

1

2

1

1

-

-

45

4 0 .0

8 4 .0 0

7 7 .5 0

7 3 .0 0 -

9 6 .0 0

-

-

-

18

ii

-

4

-

6

-

-

-

6

34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

_

_

_

-

_

1

3

1
1

-

*

i
i

7

“

3
2

10

"

5
5

3

17

"

"

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS R ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

63
49

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2
2

i
i

ii
ii

1
1

4
4

19
19

i
i

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------

283
78
205
59

4
4
4
4

-

_
-

-

_

22

-

27
4
23

11
8
3
3

1
1

-

-

_
-

~

CLERKS, a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s b -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

556
67
489

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 0 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

8 7 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

7 9 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0

7

9

-

-

CLERKS, FILF, CLASS A ---------- —
NONMANUFACTURING --------------

141
139

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 0 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

7 8 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

7 4 .5 0 7 4 .5 0 -

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

390
386

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

7 3 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

7 3 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 -

7 6 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 -

7 6 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

178
178

3 9 .0

6 8 .0 0

3 9 .0

6 8 .0 0

6 8 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

6 6 .0 0 6 6 .0 0 -

7 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------

46

4 0 .0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------p ub li c u t i l i t i e s 3----------- -

94
39

3
4
3
4

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

82
23
59

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —

45

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------

35

OFFICE BOYS ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

48
34

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

$
$
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

6 9 .0 0 6 9 .0 0 -

8 4 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

-

3

11

5
12

~

NOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




55
15

0
0
0
0

9
0
9
0

.0
.0
.0
.0

.5
.0
.5
.0

8 3 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

8 5 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
1
1
1
1

0
2
0
1

9
0
5
6

.5 0
.5 0
.5 0
.0 0

9 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

1
1
1
1

0
1
0
1

7
4
3
7

.0
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

7 6 .0 0 6 9 .5 0 -

9 6 .5 0 -1 1 8
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 1
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 6
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 1 9

0
0
0
0

.0
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

8 2 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

_

*

-

22
1

_

7

-

-

-

-

11
3

7
5

18

17
4

33
16
17
4

43
9
34
32

6
4

13
1

1

12
6
6

“

63
15
48

51
19
32

22
7
15

19
8
11

61
1
60

1

3
3

-

-

1

-

-

*

“

_

97

9

97

66
3
63

7
7

31
31

59
59

23
23

9
9

3
2

11
11

1
1
1
1

“

2

18
2

90
2
88

_

6

51
14
37
9

_
~

4
4

17
3
14
1

42
4
38

2
1

10
3
7
2

10
3

19
9

6

7

7
3
4

1

-

1

-

1
1

“

-

_

-

-

6

1
6

4
4

1
1

~

-

-

3

6
6

46
46

190
187

71

37

70

37

-

26
26

109
109

39
39

“

-

-

~

-

-

6

5

2

9

5

-

-

-

1
-

2
-

_

2
1
1

4
1
3

3
1
2

7

3
1
2

-

-

-

4
4

0
0
0
1

-

-

3

-

28
28

7 7 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

8 6 .5 0
1 1 5 .0
1 2 0 .0
1 1 4 .0
1 2 0 .0

9 9 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

_

2
5
0
6

.0
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1

2
2
1
5

3
9
9
6

.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

-

1

2

-

-

4
3
2

-

12
4
2
2

4
3
1

-

-

7

~

-

-

-

*

-

17

16
3
13
6

14
7
7

4
4

5

2
2

6
2
4

-

-

-

4
13

3

-

4
i

4

-

-

8

T a b le

A -1 .

O ffice

o ccu p a tio n s— m en

and

w o m e n ------- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D es M o in e s , Iow a, M ay 1970)
Weekly earnings *
( standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w eek ly ea rn in g s o f—

$

Average

(standard)

M ean*

Median 2

55
and
under

Middle range2

60

$

t

$

70

*

60

65

75

65

70

75

60

$

80

*

85

(

90

*

95

t

100

t

105

$

no

$

t

115

120

120

125

4
3
1

$

%

*

$

125

130

130

190

150

160

4
4
_

27
19
8

1
1

_
-

190

150

$
160

t

170

s
180
and

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

170

180 over

WOMEN - CONTINUED
$
9 2 .5 0

$
8 6 .0 0

$
$
7 2 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

6

2

2

4

6

3

3

1

3

2

5

2

1 0 0 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

9 8 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

•

_
-

*

_
*

-

13
13

95
~
95

57
1
56

50
2
98

73
8
65

12
7
5

9
9
-

3
3
-

8 7 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

8 5 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

7 8 .5 0 9 0 .0 0 7 7 .5 0 -

9 3 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

-

3
3

7
7

39

72
8
69

75
11
64

59
29
30

92
21
21

8
9
4

1
1

_

_

39

81
1
60

13

9 0 .0
3 9 .0

-

*

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 2 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

7 0 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

6 9 .5 0 6 9 .0 0 -

7 8 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

_
-

37
36

27
23

19
16

29
29

19
19

-

l
1

~

-

1
1

1

2
3
2
6

i
i
*

3
3

2

“

9
2
7
-

52
6
96
1

39
11
23

62
19

76
28
98
1

79
27
52
“

62
27
35

59
20
39
2

92
13
29
1

61
21
90
1

93
20
23
"

1
1

1
1

6
i
5

4
i
3

7

4

20

3
4

2
2

16

17

u
n

31
7
29

23
3
20

22

10
12

25
10
15

2
2

_
“

19
19
*

25
9
16

9
8
i

10
7
3

6
5
i

2

2
1
1

12
12
~

6
6
-

4
-

_
-

4
2

7
6
i

i
i

i
i
-

_
_
2
-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------

96

3 9 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---- -—
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

298
57
291

3 9 .5

o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s b -----MANUFACTURING ------------- — —
NONMANUFACTURING --------------

907
79

OFFICE GIRLS ----------------- --n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------

129

SECRETARIES4---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------

753
282

3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

971
17

39 -0
3 9 .5

1 0 9 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

61
22
39

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0 -1 9 9 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B - --------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

202
36
166

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 9 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 9 7 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 2 7 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

296
105
191

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 7 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

9 1 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 0 6 .5 0

i
i

3
3

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

199
119

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0

-

-

3 9 .0
9 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 2 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

8 9 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

2
-

8 1 .0 0 -

2

3
3

.5
.0
.5
.0

1 1 9 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0

22

39
90
39
90

1 1 1 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0

111
117
107
137

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---

19

3 9 .0

1 0 0 .5 0

1 0 1 .5 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, Cl ASS B --NONMANUFACTURING --------------

59

9 2 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

8 1 .0 0 6 1 .0 0 -

9 2 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

-

-

-

“

-

6
6

3
3

25
25

-

2

93
4
39

_

22

2

i
i

-

-

keypunch

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANu FACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




328

120

75
328
62
266
172
36
136

9 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 0 .0 0

.5
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

9 6 .5 0 -1
1 0 1 .0 0 -1
9 9 .0 0 -1
1 0 5 .0 0 -1

7
9
3
2

.5
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

2
“

93

2

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 9 6 .5 0

9 5 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

53

9 2 .0

8 6 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

151
95

3 9 .5
9 0 .0

9 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

8 7 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

7 9 .0 0 - 9 8 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

106

3 9 .5

8 6 .5 0

8 3 .0 0

7 3 .0 0 -

20

3 8 .0

9 9 .5 0

100.50

-

-

-

-

8

1

5

11

29
29

25
3

35
3
32

38
5
33

25
9
16

21
11
10

17
11
6

15
7
8

11
7

22
16
6

25
21

29
17
12

23
16
7

21
8
13

12
5
7

12

23
10
13

16
7
9

15
5
10

8
8

22
2
20

13

27
19
13
-

16
5
11
-

1

5

13
2

8

“
2

-

-

2

-

-

4

4

29
3
26

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9 9 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

-

-

*

8
i
7

27
2

25

1
1
-

17

22
3
19

69
5
64

4

4

9

22

8
8

13

4

39
3
36

96
4

30
8

44

22

17

15
15

2

2

15

12

12

2

2

15

12

1

12
-

-

5

1

7

1

1

3

1
“

1
1

1
1

_

3

11
11

-

16
7
9

18
7
11

7
5
2

3

4
18

18
5
13

3

4
4

1

1

2

6

5

4

1

-

13

2

i

6

1

4

4

8
7
4

3
5

-

_

2

3

8
3
5

2

2

-

1

-

-

1
1

-

*

79
35
2
4

50
30
20
1
10
6
4

-

19
9
10
2
3

2
1

4

9
5
4
3

3
3

_
-

_
_

-

12

*

44

12

_

-

9
3
1
-

7
6
i
i

*

2
2
"

2

3

2

2

1
1
1

_
-

2
2
_
_
_

15
6
9
5

10
8
-

n
u
9

-

-

i

-

2
2

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

_

-

_

-

-

“

6
3
3

-

2
“

9
5
4

2

-

2

2

-

-

*

-

-

_

_

-

-

*

~

9
T a b le

A -1 .

O ffice

o ccu p a tio n s— m en

and

w o m e n ------- C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Des Moines, Iowa, May 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(
standard)
Number
of
woikers

*

Average
weekly

$

t

t

$

[standard)

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range2

55
and
under

60

60

Sex, occupation, and industry division

65

70

-

-

31
2

65

70

Number of workers receiving straight-time we ekly earning s of—
t
s
s
t
$
%
$
$
s
$
S
$
*
85
90
95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 160 150
80
75

t

S

160

S

170

180
and

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

160

150

160

170

31

26
26

30
1
29

36
1
35

66
6
60

8
8

13

8
1
7

1
1
“

3
3
“

2
2
*

-

2
2

-

9
9

“

80
6

135

81
3

66
9
3?

9
2
I

18
6

16
6
t2

18
7

1
1

-

3
3

8
8

2
2

-

-

125
10
115
9

72
6
66

76
2
72
4

6
2

-

-

2
1
1
1

-

1
1
-

-

1
l

3
3
3

180 over

WOMEN - CONTINUED
$
$
38.5 90.00 88.00
60.0 108.00 115-00
38.5 89.00 87.00

$
$
79.50- 96.50
92.50-122.50
79.00- 93.50

-

622
67
375

60.0 87.50 86.50
60.0 108.00 107.50
60.0
9.».00 101.00

81.00- 92.00
93.00-128.50

“

3

*

699
27
672
22

39.5
60.0
39.5
60.0

72.5076.5072.5077.50-

4

3

26
26
1

TRANSCRI8ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL---------------------- ■ MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

211
15
196

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------

78.00
86.00
77.50
90.50

76.50
80.00
76.00
82.00

13

1

82.50
87.50
82.00
89.00

4

3

182
4

178

4

4

7
-

-

“
_

“

-

~
~

-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than
the higher rate.
* Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 May include workers other than those presented separately.




10

T a b le

A -2 .

P ro fe ssio n a l

and

te ch n ic a l

o ccu p a tio n s — m en

and

w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Des Moines, Iowa, May 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikere

%

Average
weekly
[standard)

M ean2

M edian2

70
and
under

Middle range2

80
MN
E
32
U * U1l K U LKft I Ul\j , w Aj j u
U
r
L
fz

S
80

$

90

S

$

100

no

110

12 0

$

receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
*
t
s
*
150 160 n o
180 190 2 0 0
2 10
220 230 240

t

t

t

250

260

270

260

270 over

and
90

100

$
$
$
$
138.00 133.00 122.00-154.00
39.0 141.50 137.50 126.50-154.50
127 *> 121 50 1 1 5 . 0 0 0
/
141.50 142.00 1 15 .0 0 -In 2
J .5 1 2 2 . .0

Numbe r of worker
s
t
*
120 130 140

130

8

139.00
167.00

150

160

17

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

*

240

250

J

13
10

29

3

140

8

.

3 *
3 .0

# u

•

97.00

*

9

COM
PUTER PROGRAMERS,
IT

•

COM
PUTER PROGRAMERS,

12
12

178.00 171.00 149.00-200.00
*

80
COM
PUTER PROGRAMERS,

117.00-134.50

22
6Z

3 .S

28

4 .0 219.50

222

62
A3
"0

7 0*0

/

U A 1 nL . * LL ft j j U
KT

14
14

*2

n n 1^" ' 0

•

14 5 .5 0

u

3

19
1

Q

14

3

T5 0

*
1

6
*

19

i * 1 nn 126.00-162.00
151* 00 126 .00-162.00

3

.

39.0 191.50 179.00 164 .50-213.00
220.00
38.5 182.00 172.50 163 .50-202.00

COM
PUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS*
8U CSS* CLASS A
^1N
COM
PUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

12
12

12 .^0

18
17

150 .00-187.00
175l50 177.50 162.50-194.00

?2

T

15
15

11
11

} , 9 " 9 2 1 2. ^

3
2

2

3
3

1

2

14
14

1C

WMN
OE
COM
PUTER OPERATORS* CLASS

B

COM
PUTER OPERATORS* CLASS C

— — 1
—

------------------

COM
PUTER PROGRAMERS,

COM
PUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS* CLASS C
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ------M
ANuEAC TUftING ——————————————————
1
to these
2
3

20

39.0

57
52

39.5
39.5

18
15

39.5 146.00 139.50

23
20

39.0 128.50 131.00 120 .00-140.00
38.5 129.00 132.00 120.50-141.00

26
20

39.5 144.50 142.50 1 3 7 . 0 0 40.0 146.00 147.50 1 3 7 . 0 0 -

1 1 1.00

116.00

2

94.50

14

1

137.00-176-00

3

8

155.50
157.00

2
-

-

-

*

-

-

*

-

12

5

7

2

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
weekly hours.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2 . table A - l.
Workers were distributed as follows: 2 at $270 to $280; 2 at $280 to $ 300; 3 at $ 300 to $ 320; and 1 at $ 320 to $ 340.




11
T a b le

A -3 .

O ffice ,

p rofession a l,

and

te ch n ic a l

o ccu p a tio n s — m en

and

w o m e n

co m b in e d

i A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y ho ur s and e a rn in gs f o r se l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u st r y d i v is i o n , D es M o i n e s , Iowa, Ma y 1970)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Av rage

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O
*4

O

$
85 .0 0

O O
>* >4

O O

M
ANUFACTURING -------------------------------65
16

69

clerks , accounting, class a -----------manufacturing --------------------------------

365

NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-----------------------

266

101

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9.5
6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

9 2 .5 0
99.0 0
91.5 0
9 5 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ----------------------nonmanufacturing --------------------------

16 1
139

3 9.5
39 .5

8 0 .0 0
79 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ----------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------------

390
386

38 .5
3 8.5

7 3 .0 0
73.00

CLERKS, FILC, CLASS C ----------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------------

178
178

3 9.0
3 9.0

68.0 0
68.0 0
115.50
116.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------manufacturing -------------------------------nonmanufacturing --------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-----------------------

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

1 1 3.00
1 1 6.00
110.50
1 29.00

COM
PTOM
ETER OPERATORS -----------------------

3 9 .0

92.5 0

o o
o o

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------nonmanufacturing ---------------------------

* *

532
236

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------M
ANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONKANUFACTURING ---------------------------

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------manufacturing -------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------------

39.0
4 0 .0
39.0

23
156

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9.5

$
11 2 .5 0
1 18.50
1 0 9.00
133.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------------

61

3 9.5
6 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 35.00
138 .5 0
132.50

3 9.0
6 0 .0
3 9.0

119.50
137.50
1 1 5.50

113.00
1 22.00
1 10.00
1 20.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------M
ANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-----------------------

177

753
282
671
17

86.5 0
106.50
80 .5 0

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5

102.00
11B .50
98 .0 0
87 .0 0
93 .0 0
85 .5 0
73 .5 0
79.00
72.50




22
39

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------------—
M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING — ----------------------

of
troH
ken

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

499
27
672
22

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
39.5
6 0.0

$
78 .0 0
86 .0 0
77 .5 0
90.5 0

COM
PUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----NONM
ANUFACTURING -------------------

56
60

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

138.50
161.50

COM
PUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ----M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING -------------------

99
26
73

3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 6.00
1 39.50
119.00

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 -----------------------------manufacturing -----------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2---------------------

PROFESSIONAL AN TECHNICAL
D
OCCUPATIONS

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING -------------------------

296
105
191

3 9.5
6 0 .0
3 9.5

107.00
121.50
9 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING -------------------------

196
119
75

39.5
6 0 .0
39.0

106.50
106.00
1 06.50

COM
PUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ----NONM
ANUFACTURING -------------------

87
81

3 9.5
3 9.5

96.5 0
95.5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING -------------------------

329
63
266

3 9 .0
6 0 .0
39.0

92.0 0
10 6 .5 0
89 .0 0

COM
PUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------

51
63

3 9 .5
3 9.5

183.00
176.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------ NONM
ANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2----------------------

172
36
136

3 9.5
6 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 16.00
12 2 .0 0
11 1 .5 0
136.00

COM
PUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------

116
21
95

39.0
6 0 .0
3 8 .5

165.00
176.50
1 6 2.00

SW
ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----

19

COM
PUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C --------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------

91
82

3 8.5
3 8.5

12 7 .0 0
12 6 .0 0

COM
PUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING -------------------

43
29

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

234.00
220.50

COM
PUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING -------------------

63
20
63

3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 8.5

1 92.00
213.00
1 82.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------M
ANUFACTURING -------------------------

58
58

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 45.50
1 65.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------------------M
ANUFACTURING -------------------------

22
18

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

128.00
1 36.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
M
ANUFACTURING -------------------------

26
20

39 .5
4 0 .0

1 6 6.50
1 6 6.00

22

3 9.0

100.50

6 2 .0
4 2.0

88 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

3 9.5
6 0 .0
3 9.5

90.5 0
1 00.50
8 6 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------------

3 8.5
3 8 .0

1 1 0.00
106.50

TRANSCRI BING-macM
INE OPERATORS,
general ---------------------------------------------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------nonmanufacturing ---------- ---------------

3 8.5
4 0 .0
3 8.5

90.0 0
1 08.00
89 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING -------- ----------------PUBLIC UTIL I TIES2----------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5

88 .0 0
108.00
85.00
95.0 0

SW
ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ----NONM
ANUFACTURING -------------------------SW
ITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 Standard h o u r s r e f le c t the w or k w e e k f o r w hich e m p l o y e e s
c o r r e s p o n d to t he se w ee kl y hou rs .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and ot her public utilities.
3 Ma y inclu de w o r k e r s o t h e r than th ose p r e s e n t e d s e p ar at e l y.

1

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

SECRETARIES3---------------------------------------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2----------------------

116.50
1 08.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

OFFICE BOYS AN GIRLS------------------------D
M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------ NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------------

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
3ILLERS, M
ACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------------

300KKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
class b ----------------------------------------------manufacturing -------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING ---------------------------

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

151
65
106

376

20

r e c e i v e th eir re g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay fo r o v e r t i m e at re g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m rat es) , and the ea rni ngs

12

T a b le

A -4 .

M a in te n a n ce

and

p ow erp la n t

o ccu p a tion s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Des Moines, Iowa, May 1970)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings

Hourly earnings *

oi

$
2 .9 0

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range

L

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

S
3 .3 0

t
3 .4 0

*
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

*
3 .7 0

i
3 .8 0

>
3 .9 0

$
4 .0 0

*
4 .1 0

t
4 .20

*
4 .3 0

*
4 .4 0

s
4 .5 0

$
4 .6 0

$
4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

t
5 .2 0

$
5 .4 0

3 .0 0

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
woikers

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .00

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .30

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

1

1

_

-

_

6
6

-

3

1

5
5

17
17

2
2

6
6

23
15

_

_

~

2
2

-

-

2
2

10
4
6
2

2
-

1
-

17
17

9
4
5

-

-

i
-

-

_
-

*

6
6
4

_

*

13
12
1
“

i

1

10
2
8
7

1
-

2

8
8
1

_

1
1

3
3

-

_

-

6
6

6
4
2

12
12

11
11

12
12

3
1

1
1

U nder
S
and
2 . 9 0 under

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE------- ‘ -

22

$
4.42

$
4.28

$
$
4 .2 1 - 5.13

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING -----------------

132
120

4.28
4.26

4.25
4.24

3 .9 8 - 4.75
3 .9 9 - 4.30

-

-

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----- -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES------------

120
40
80
16

3.71
4.05
3.53
3.68

3.76
3.99
3.66
3.66

3 .2 6 3 .9 0 3 .1 2 3 .5 3 -

4.03
4.30
3.80
4.04

4
4
-

12
-

3
-

12
1

3
*

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

55
37
18

3.34
3.43
3.17

3.09
3.15
3.06

3 .0 4 - 3.98
3 .0 6 - 4.03
2 .9 6 - 3.44

3
-

3
-

6
6

3

3

22
16
6

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRAOES -----MANUFACTURING -----------------

98
96

3.63
3.65

3.67
3.68

3 .4 7 - 3.84
3 .4 8 - 3.85

2

_

_

~

-

3
3

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING -----------------

92
88

4.31
4.31

4.41
4.41

4 .0 0 - 4.48
4 .0 0 - 4.48

(MAINTENANCE) ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

282
63
219
205

4.07
3.91
4.11
4.10

4.14
3.89
4.24
4.22

3.8 5 3 .8 1 3 .8 6 3 .8 6 -

4.33
3.98
4.34
4.34

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING --------------- —

371
335

3.95
3.95

3.99
4.00

3 .8 6 - 4.16
3 .9 0 - 4.16

OILERS ---------------------------

27

3.66

3.88

3 .1 8 - 3.95

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------

21
15

4.25
4.30

4.21
4.23

4 .0 5 - 4.29
4 . 0 9 - 4.29

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------

60

4.31

4.19

4 .1 4 - 4.29

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

101
101

4.75
4.75

4.85
4.85

4 .5 1 - 5.23
4 .5 1 - 5.23

m ec ha n ic s , automotive

_

-

-

1

1

-

_

_

-

-

*

14
14

11
11

21
21
-

21
21

“

6
6

9
9
-

3
3
-

5
-

_
-

6
6
-

-

“

5
1

5

-

_
*

_

8
8

7
6

5
5

32
32

*

28

86
86
75

11
6
5
5

*

i

-

_

_

"

12
12

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

-

*

22
22

15

_

-

-

“

-

1

2
1

_

-

-

-

19
16
3
3

25
6
19
19

28
28

25
24

6
6

4
3

8
6

4
3

17
15

91
91

18
18

11 2
112

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

12

_

_

-

1

-

2
1

i

_

3
3

3
2

7

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

31

14

-

-

1

12

-

6
6

_

-

2
2

2
2

14
14

-

_

_

12
12

4
4

21
21

5
*

1
-

16
12

4
3

10
8

-

4

-

4

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

12
12

-

_

84
21
63
60

-

-

-

-

2
_

8
8
-

-

-

-

5
5
“

1
_

13
2
11
11

-

-

-

1

8
59
59

4
4
4

-

4
4
-

-

3
2

-

-

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




1

-

-

-

-

2

-

_

-

-

7

-

-

7
7

-

-

1
1

-

-

33
33

_

13

T a b le

A -5 .

C u s to d ia l

and

m a te r ia l

m ovem en t

o c c u p a tio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Des Moines, Iowa, May 1970)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2

Unde r
Mean3

Median 3

Middle range3

G UA R D S AND WA T CH ME N -------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G — -----------------------------------------------

231
67

$
2.28
3 .31

$
1 .92
3 .55

$
1 .7 6 3 .1 3 -

$
2 .73
3.63

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A ND C L E A N E R S ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------- -—
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------------------------------

858
316
562
59

2 .66
3 .00
2 .12
2 .91

2 .62
3 .12
2 .02
3 .03

1 .9 6 2 .7 7 1 .8 6 2 .8 1 -

156
1JU

1 .89
l.U f

1 .89
UU

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

658
27 8
18 0

2 .97
3.36
2 .39

ORDE R

202
183

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S
( W O M E N ) -------------------------------------------------------------------*
--------

FILLER S

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

no n m a n u fac tur in g

t
1.60

t
1 .70

t
1.8 0

t
1 .90

$
2.00

$
2 .10

$
2.20

S
2 .30

*
2 .60

»
2 .50

*
2 .60

$
2 .70

$
2 .80

$
2 .90

$
3.00

$
3 .20

*
3 .60

$
3 .60

*
3 .80

*
6 .00

$
6 .20

t
6 .60

1.70

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

1 .80

1.9 0

2 ,00

2 .10

2.20

2.30

2 .60

2.50

2 .60

2 .70

2 .80

2 .90

3 .00

3.20

3 .60

3 .60

3.80

6*00

6.20

4 .40

over

6
3

-

8
8

1

22
22

22
22

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

6
6
2
-

80
63
17
12

65
48
17
17

60
60

3

_

-

_
-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
6
3

35
32
3

150
150
-

60
36
26

3
3

-

_
-

-

13
7

10
10

5

100
92

-

t
1 .60

and
under

23

60

29

18

10

8

-

6

3

“

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

-

16
12

-

-

2 .90
3.36
2.62
3 .25

23

36

36

71

-

91

86

-

23
-

36

36

91

86

“

"

“

36
6
30
1

21
6
17
1

23
12
11
2

63
11
52
6

20
10
10
1

31
11
20

*

71
4

-

60
36
6
1

1 .8 0 I.fV

2 .00

-

7

33

66

32

16
r°

18
r-o

2

-

-

-

-

-

3 .36
3 .66
2 .20

2 .2 7 3 .3 3 2 .0 2 -

3 .69
3.51
2 .56

-

11
-

12
-

11

12

2
2

39
6
33

20
20

17
17

15
15

4
4

16
16

2
-

”

19
6
13

12
7
5

15
15
-

19
19
-

3 .12
3 .08

3 .59
3 .70

2 .5 9 2 .5 7 -

3.75
3.75

-

-

22
22

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

15
15

-

*

19
19

-

-

11
11

_

*

-

-

6

1

32

-

26
22

4
6

37
25

1

-

-

-

'

-

-

“

-

2

-------------------------------------------------

66

3 .20

3.60

2 .6 7 -

3 .73

-

1

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ---------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------—

91
63

3 .36
3 .63

3 .30
3 .35

3 .1 7 3 .2 3 -

3.72
3.69

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

*

-

“

-

-

“

CLERKS

62

3 .6 l

3 .53

3 .2 1 -

3.72

3

-

SH IPPIN G

AND

38
27

3 .21
3 .36

3 .15

2 .9 2 -

3 .63

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S 5 ------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------------------

692
152
56 0
31 9

3 .70
3 .62
3 .78
6 .20

3.93
3 .35
3.97
6 .26

3 .2 8 3 .0 2 3 .7 0 6 .2 0 -

4 .23
6 .02
6 .25
6 .27

_
-

_
-

-

5
2
3

23
5
18

3
3

7
7

*

11
11
*

1
1

-

11
11
-

-

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S , L I G H T (U N D ER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) ---------------------------------------------------- -—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

61
52

2 .30
2 .28

2.23
2 .21

1 .8 6 1 .8 2 -

2.52
2 .53

-

11
11

11
11

1
1

~

“

TR U C K D R I V E R S * MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND I N C L U D I N G A T O N S ) ----------------------------

77

2 .95

2 .82

2 .5 8 -

3.61

-

*

T R U C K E R S , POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------------

283
265

3 .67
3.63

3 .65
3.63

3 .3 5 3 .3 2 -

3 .73
3.70

-

-

-

-

*
71
53
18
13

1

-

S H IP P IN G

-

PACKERS,

1
2
3
4
5

SH IPPIN G

-------------------------------------------------------

R E C E IV IN G

CLERKS

--------------

-

-

3

3

-

7
“

11
11

-

2

1

_

7

9

9

26

-

-

-

7

8

5

3

5

9
3
6

_
-

15
6
9

22
18
4

_

-

-

-

67
11
36
i

11
6
5
1

37
16
21

-

36
33
1
~

3
3

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

6
4

15

15

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

1
1

-

1

1

162
5
157
70

63
63

-

9

-

2

*•.99

-

i

9

_

-

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A -l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




-

-

11
6

“
10
10

5
3

12

4
4

2
2

-

7
7

6

3
-

-

-

-

•

-

7
7

-

269
2
26 7
26 7

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

-

15
15

-

1

3

i

21

31
31

32
32

13
13

169
1 31

-

2
2

~

14

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t

T a b le

B -1 .

M in im u m

p ra c tic e s
e n tra n ce

and

s u p p le m e n ta ry
fo r

s a la r ie s

w age
w o r k e rs

w o m e n

o ffic e

p ro v is io n s

(Distribution of establishm ents studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary fo r selected categories
of inexperienced women office w ork ers, Des M oines, Iowa, May 1970)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e s a la r y 1

Other inexperienced cle rica l workers 2

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

All
industries

All
industries

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

All
schedules

Establishm ents studied—...

—

-

__________

Establishm ents having a specified minimum______________

40

All
schedules

37*/2

40

109

39

XXX

70

XXX

XXX

109

39

XXX

70

XXX

XXX

35

10

10

25

7

15

44

11

11

33

8

21

-

2

1

1
2
1

2
1

5
6
5
1
3

3
3
1
4

2
2
1
2

2
2
1
2

1
1

14

5

XXX

9

60

»

40

All
schedules

24

XXX

36

3
2
3
1
2

10
8
5
1
4

1
1

1
5
1
4

3
1

XXX

XXX

32

13

19

XXX

XXX

33

15

18

2
3
2

40

-

8

1
2
3

2

Establishm ents which did not em ploy w orkers

1 These salaries relate to form a lly established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
2 Excludes w orkers in s u b clerica l jobs such as m essenger or office girl.
3 Data are presented fo r all standard workweeks com bined, and fo r the m ost com m on standard workweeks reported.




37 V,

1

2

7
7
5
1
3
$80.00 and under $82.50

All
schedules




T a b le

B -2 .

S h ift

d iffe r e n tia ls

( Late - shift pay p rov ision s fo r manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of pay differential,
Des M oines, Iowa, May 1970)
[A ll plant w orkers in manufacturing = 100 percent)
P ercen t o f m anufacturing plant w ork ers—
L a te-sh ift pay prov ision

In establishm ents having p rov ision s 1
fo r late shifts

A ctually working on late shifts

Second shift

T o t a l-----------------------------------------------------------

Third o r other
shift

Second shift

9 6 .4

95. 4

23. 9

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h i ft

11.9

2. 6

1. 5

0. 6

0. 2

93. 8

93. 8

23. 3

11.6

Uniform cents (per h o u r)-------------------------

83. 2

83. 2

19.6

11.4

5 c e n ts -------------------- ------------------------6 cents -------------- ............
7 ce n ts --------------------------------- -------------8 c e n ts -------------------------------------------------10 cents-------------------------------------------- ---12 cen ts__________ _______________ _____
I 2 V2 cen ts— — ----- — --- ----------- ---14 cen ts---- ------- — - ___
___
15 cents — — ------------- ----------------- 16 cents-------------------- ---------- ------------1 7 9 / i o cen ts------------------------------------ 19 cents------------------------------------------------20 cents — ------------- ------------_
21 cents--------------- --- ----------------254 cents --------------- ------- -----------------/5
30 cen ts----- ------------------------------- - --

10. 8
3. 6
8. 0
11.9
20. 7
1.4
3. 0
2 .9
3. 1
9.6
8. 2

2. 8
3.6
8. 0
8.9
20.6
1.4
4. 2
6 .6
1.2
5. 2
3. 0
9 .6
8. 2

3. 1
1. 1
1. 1
2. 0
5 .9
.3
.2
.7
2. 8

.2
1.0
2. 2
3. 8
.6
.3
.3
1.0
2. 0

6 .6

6 .6

No pay d ifferential fo r work on late shift Pay d ifferen tial fo r w ork on late sh ift------------Type and amount of differential:

Uniform percentage - -------------------- ------5 p e rce n t- --------- ----------------------------------7 p e rce n t----------------------------------------------10 p ercen t ------------------- ---- ----- —

3. 8
2. 8
-

Other form a l pay d ifferential-------------------

4. 1

1 Includes all plant w orkers in establishm ents cu rrently operating,
even though the establishm ents w ere not cu rren tly operating late shifts.
2 L ess than 0. 05 percen t.

-

2 .4
1.4

.3

6 .6

1.0
.4
-

.3

4. 1

2. 3

(2)

_

or having fo rm a l p rov ision s coverin g

late shifts.

1 6

T a b le

B -3 .

S c h e d u le d

w e e k ly

h ou rs

(P ercent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours 1 of firs t-s h ift w orkers, Des Moines, Iowa, May 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

W eekly hours
All industries 2

Manufacturing

100
35 hours —
___
— __
_ - __
3h hours
,
. ___ .. ,,
37l/2 h ou rs___ __ ___ — __ —_
383 h ou rs_______ —
/4
—
. ________
40 hours
_______________ ___ „__m
T
T
— —
Over 40 and under 45 hours_______ ___
4 5 hour s _________ _____ _________ _______ ,___
48 hours —
__

1
2
3
4
5

100

6
8

15

-

-

76
3
3
3

80
3
1
1

Public u tilitie s3

100

_
-

_
100
_
-

All industries 4

Manufacturing

100

100

100

_
_
1
98
1
_

_
1
_
99
_
_

3
(5)
13
9
74
(5)
(5)

Scheduled hours are the weekly hours which a m ajority of the fu ll-tim e w orkers w ere expected to w ork, whether they w ere paid for at straight-tim e or overtim e rates.
Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0.5 percent.




Public u tilities3

17

T a b le

B -4 .

P a id

h o lid a y s

(P ercent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays provided annually, Des M oines, Iowa, May 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Item
All industries 1

A ll w orkers

- ___

W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid holidays — - __ W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid holidays . . .

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public u tilitie s2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

-

95

100

92

. ...

5

-

8

1 holiday__________________________________ ____
5 holidays plus 1 half day
6 holidays
6 holidays plus 1 half day
6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s------------------------------7 holid a ys______________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 half day__— ___ —.___— _____
7 holidays plus 2 half days
7 holidays plus 3 half d a y s ____________________
8 holidays .
. . .
__—________ _______
8 holidays plus 1 half day—
. .
9 holidays ----10 holidays
11 holidays

4
(4)
29
1
4
10
2
5
11
3
19
7
1

.
-

.
3
87

6
37
13
2

2
-

1
8
27
30
46
48
62
63
91
92
95

2
15
51
58
71
75
87
89
100
100
100

_
2
2
89
89
92
92
92
92
92

100

100

(4)

-

-

(4)

_
22
1
3
3
27

_
-

Number of days

11
2
3
10
4
10

3

-

28
2
1
41
1
5
(4)
13
1
7
}

(4)

1

16
14
-

-

-

2
3
32
6
1

69
(4)
-

1
7

(4)
(4)
69
69
83
99
100
100
100

Total holiday tim e 5
11 days
- 10 days or m ore-------------- — - —-------------------------9 days or m o r e —---- ---- ------------------- -------— ------8V2 days or m o r e - —
8 days or m ore — ------ — —
7 V2 days or m ore
—
7 days or m o r e ___ __
6 V2 days or m o r e — 6 days or m o r e _____ _ _ _____________ _
5 V2 days or m ore
1 day or m ore
- —

(4)
2
9
9
28
28
70
72
98
98
99

39

42
71
75
78
78
100
100
100

1 Includes data fo r wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
J Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, real estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Less than 0.5 percent.
* A ll com binations of full and half days that add to the same amount are com bined; fo r exam ple, the p roportion of w orkers receiving a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days
and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. P roportions then w ere cumulated.




18

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a tio n s 1

(Percent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provision s, Des M oines, Iowa, May 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation p olicy
All industries 2
A ll w orkers

___

- -

_

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
75
25
-

100
57
43
-

100
92
8
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100

(5)

-

-

-

-

-

10
22
2

16
21
3

18
34
3

6
61
5

2
52
20

11
52
1

54
9
35
1

41
13
43
2

50
22
24
3

21
(5)
76
3

20
64
16

72
(5)
28
-

23
11
61
1
3

26
16
55
2
-

5
22
70
3
-

1
1
90
3
4

4
79
16
-

3
11
86
(5)
-

4
4
81
3
7
1

6
7
78
7
2

1
71
11
16

99
(5)

-

(5)
89
1
6
3

2
4
83
3
7
1

2
7
83

-

(5)

-

-

75
25

89
1
6
3

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations
__
_
—
Length -of-tim e paym ent_______ _________ —
P ercentage payment- —
Othe r _______ ____ _____ ___________________ _
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations---------------------------------------------

-

Amount of vacation pay 6
A fter 6 months of s ervice
Under 1 week___________________________________
1 week——
- - - ____
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s— After 1 year of serv ice
__
1 week
.
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s --------------------------------2 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s--------------------------------After 2 years of service
1 week__________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s --------------------------------?. w ^pVp
...
.
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s --------------------------------3 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------A fter 3 years of serv ice
1 week- ______
____ ___
___ —
Q ver 1 and under 2 w eek s _____________________
2 w eek s- — ------— — _ _
O ver 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks -___ ____ _________ _______ _______ ____
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s _____________________

_
75
25
-

_
-

-

A fter 4 years of serv ice
1 week---— Over 1 and under 2 w eek s_____________________
2 weeks
— —
— —
—
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 wppks
_
..
.... —
_ n„
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s_______ —
____________

-

7
2

-

-

1

_

-

-

71
-

11
16

99
(5)
-

-

After 5 years of s ervice
1 week- —
Over 1 and
2 WPpkS
O ver 2 and
3 weeks Over 3 and

— - — ___
____ ___ —
under 2 w eek s_____________________
- ....
under 3 w eek s _____________________
under 4 weeks —

See footnotes at end of table.




1
1
63
8
25
1

_
-

47
13
38
2

_
71
25
4

_
78
(5)
18
3

_
38
46
16

_
■
_
99
(5)
1
-

19

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t i o n s ' ------ C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s ,

D e s M o in e s ,

I o w a , M a y 1 97 0)

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o lic y
A l l i n d u s t r ie s 2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

1
1
30
1
60
4
2
1

_
14
2
76
3
3
2

_
3
73
22
1

1
1
23
1
65
4
4
1

9
2
76
3
9
2

3
73
22
1

1
1
16
52
7
21
3

_
53
13
32
2

_
66
3
9
22

1
1
7
26
1
53
9
3

_
23
( 5)
56
15
6

_
3
73
22
1

-

-

-

1
1
7
24
1
41
9
16

_
19
(5 )
40
15
26

_
3
39
22
35

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a v 6— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __ - _
_
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s — _
- -------2 w eeks —
--------------- ——— — ————— —
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------ -------- ------------------ ------ -------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------ — ---------4 w e e k s --------- ,----------------------------------------- —
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s — _______

-

_
34
2
56
4
2
3

_
5
2
66
11
16

_
26
73
( 5)
( 5)
-

_
31
1
59
4
2
3

_
3
2
67
12
16

_
16
84
( 5)
( 5)
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
_
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s - ...... .............„ — -----------------2 w e e k s -----------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks —
—
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s —
----------- --------

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k - ____ — —
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w eeks
_____________ ,
.
_
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------——------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s — -

-

_

_

12
72
2
11
3

1
61
22
16

16
81
3
( 5)

10
39
3
42
2
4
1

1
17
2
63
9
1
7

_
16
84
-

_
10
30
2
36
( 5)
18
3

1
17
55
11
16

16
32
( 5)
52

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s - -------- —
— - 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s -------------------------------------5 w e e k s -------- ----------- -------- ---------- ------------- — —
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s _________________________

(5 )
-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k----------------—--------------------- ------ — —— — — —
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s — — — - ?, w e f k s
______
„
3 w e e k s „—
-----------------------...... — ----O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s — —
—
4 w eeks
~
~
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s --------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------- —
- — - —
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s — -------

'
S e e f o o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




___

20

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t i o n s 1 ------ C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a y 1 97 0)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A l l in d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t il it i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6— C o n t in u e d

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w eeks
-------- ----- ------------- _
_ 3 w e e k s ______________________ ______________________ __
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _ _______________________
_
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s _________________________
5 w e e k s _______ _ _____ ______— _______ ______________
_
O v e r 5 and u n d er 6 w e e k s _
—
— — —
6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

i
i
7
24
1
41
9

6
10

_
19

(5 )
40
15
6
20

_
3
37
22
37
-

_
10
27
2
36
3
16

-

2

_
_
i
17
55
1
16
10

-

10
20
2

1
17
-

44

55

3
16

1
16
10

3

_
_
16
_
32
( 5)
52
-

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a il a b l e

1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------___ _ _____ ________ ___ -------------------3 w eeks
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------5 w e e k s ______ _________________________________________
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s _________________________
6 w e e k s _________________________________________________

1
1
7
24
1
41

_
19

9

(5 )
40
15

6
10

20

6

3

37
22
37
-

3

2

_

_
16
32
( 5)
52

1 I n c l u d e s b a s i c p la n s o n l y .
E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , a n d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s t o w o r k e r s
w it h q u a l if y i n g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m i n u m , a n d c a n in d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




21

T a b le

B -6 .

H ealth ,

in su ra n ce ,

and

p e n s io n

p la n s

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a y 1970)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it a n d
fi n a n c in g 1

A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t il it i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t il it i e s 3

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g a t
l e a s t 1 o f t h e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e l o w --------------------

97

100

100

99

100

100

88
64

97
76

100
94

98
52

99
68

100
96

65
48

81
61

88
82

68
33

66
44

96
95

76

89

91

86

84

97

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ___________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ----------------- — __
S i c k l e a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d no
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ___ _________ ___ ________
S ic k le a v e (p a r tia l pa y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) -----------------------------------------------

57
41

74
57

58
55

33
16

45
34

28
26

15

6

23

63

35

97

15

20

36

14

25

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _______________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------- ---------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _______________________
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ___ — _________ _
_
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _______________
____
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _______________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ___ _______________ ________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ___ _________ ______

89
62
88
62
85
60
59
39
75
62

100
74
100
74
99
74
63
41
82
70

100
94
95
89
92
85
89
85
95
86

97
52
97
52
94
50
89
40
89
61

99
78
99
78
98
76
86
45
82
56

L i f e i n s u r a n c e _____ __________________________ N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -------- ----------------A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ______ _________________________________
----- —
—
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ----S ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o th 5 _____ _____________________

(6)
100
96
99
95
84
80
84
80
93
75

1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r t y p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a ll p la n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r .
" N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s " in c lu d e o n l y t h o s e p la n s fi n a n c e d e n t i r e l y
b y th e e m p l o y e r .
E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s 1 p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
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F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n , s e e I n t r o d u c t io n .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




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T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t it l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l is h m e n t to e s t a b l is h m e n t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g
s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R .

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic t y p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l t o b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o l l o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t i o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a ll y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l ly in v o l v e s a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d on th e b il li n g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o ft e n d o n e on a fa n fo l d
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m i n g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a ll y i n v o l v e s t,he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o l v e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E

C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r in g a k n o w le d g e o f and e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r ib u t io n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i li n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; and m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ir e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK,

CLERK,

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u i r in g li t t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b il li n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A . U n der g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c co u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p l e t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g t o on e p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o r k i n v o l v e s p o s t in g a n d b a l a n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r ib u t io n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t and e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t in g , and
c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; and m a y d ir e c t c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .
C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g o p e r a t i o n s s u c h
a s p o s t in g s i m p l e j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l l e d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s t in g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t i n g d a t a . T h is j o b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t i n g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t is fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ic h th e m o r e r o u t in e
a c c o u n t i n g w o r k i s s u b d i v id e d on a f u n c t io n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i le s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~ or~ ~partly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t if ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l - t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o l v e a n y c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e i t e m s t o m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f it e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w u p o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w it h o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .

CLERK,

F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d f i li n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

23

PAYROLL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on the p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s i n v o l v e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a ta o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g in f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p and d i s t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

COM PTOM ETER

OPERATOR

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b is n ot t o b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e is in c id e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .

KEYPUNCH

OPERATOR

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s l o w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d i t io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s t o b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e ‘ in f o r m a t io n t o b e p u n c h e d .
M a y t r a in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

24
KEYPUNCH

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

O P E R A T O R ---- C o n t in u e d

C la s s B.
U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b i n a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e t o k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o r k in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta t o b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d l e
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o f t e n in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

O F F IC E

BOY O R G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m in o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SECRETARY

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a il e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s
t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in t m e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d ) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r t o s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e ) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic and t y p in g w o r k .
M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x clu s io n s
N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s th a t a r e t it l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f in i t io n a r e a s f o l l o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
t y p e d u t i e s : (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t i e s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in i t io n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t i e s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d ic a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n ot
in a ll c a s e s id e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s

a ll,

A

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
C la s s

a ll ,

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t i o n s in th e d e f in i t io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a ff
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l ly d i v id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o ft e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o f a m a j o r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

o f t h e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e it h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t io n s , e t c . ) or~ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; or




C la s s

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; 0 £
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M any co m p a n ie s a ssig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o ta k e d i c t a t io n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )

STEN O G RAPH E R,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n
cop y .
M a y a l s o s e t up a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t i e s r e q u i r in g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v i d e n c e d b y th e f o l l o w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f i c e
p r o c e d u r e s and o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t i e s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g f o l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a il ; a n d
a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d i t io n t o
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l is h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t i n e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b l is h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p l e x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d t o a n o t h e r o p e r a t o r . )

25
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d i t io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

C la s s C .
O p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p l e
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s and s o m e f i li n g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it , f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o l l a t i n g ru n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR,

GENERAL

OPERATOR

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w it h o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d i f f ic u l t
w ir in g as r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g t y p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s t o b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e d in t r a in in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s and o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k and p r o d u c t io n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y and
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r ,
T Y P IS T

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l o r t o m a k e out b i l l s a ft e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t le s p e c i a l t r a in i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i li n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d i s t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il .
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l f o r m w h e n it
i n v o l v e s c o m b in i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y and
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y t y p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a il s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n t o th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , and c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t io n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u la t io n s
in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t i n g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p l e t e but s m a l l t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p l e x r e p o r t . S u ch r e p o r t s and s t u d ie s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a re w e ll e s t a b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a in in g o f n ew e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a c h in e .

P R O F E S S IO N A L

r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s le g a l
t a k e s d i c t a t io n in s h o r t ­
g e n e r a l.

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g : C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e t y p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; and s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

AND

T E C H N IC A L

COM PUTER O PE RATO R

COM PU TER PROGRAM ER,

M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s t h e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g it a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d i n g
to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l ly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k i n c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w it h r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rog ra m .

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t i o n o f d a ta t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; A p p l ie s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r
i n v o l v e d t o a n a l y z e c h a r t s and d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a il e d fl o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e t o f o l l o w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is is th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter o p e ra to rs

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s ;

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; N ew p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d a n d
i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l in g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e t o m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o ft e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a il a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . P p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n o n a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is li t t l e o r n o t e s t in g
o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l e t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n i q u e s .

B U S IN E S S

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s ;

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t if y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p la n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t io n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t il iz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w it h th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l lo w i n g
d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w it h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o r k s o n r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p
w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i li t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in
ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l ly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .




A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s a n d d i v e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l is h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s t o d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c i n g o f d a ta e le m e n t s
t o f o r m a h i g h l y in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e

f u n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n t o l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d t o a s s i s t .

26
COM PUTER PROGRAM ER,

B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l ly
p r o c e s s in f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d i t io n s t o o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in p u t d a ta w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u t in e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g t y p e o p e r a t i o n s .

OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x da ta p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d fo r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w it h in ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o in s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

OR

C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d ia t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s i n g le a c t i v i t y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and exp a n d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a il e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t io n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iff ic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d e r fa ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e

o r in s t r u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

D RAFTSM AN

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a l ly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p l ic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u t in e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o n n e w
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k is r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
re q u ire d p r o c e d u r e s .

C O M P U TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

C la s s A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w it h a m in i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y l o w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .

B U S IN E S S

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e su ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt i p l e f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f fo u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .

A n a ly z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s t o f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d a n d id e n t i f i e s c o n d it i o n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f ie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i le s , and d o c u m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; o u t li n e s a c t i o n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n t o m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n oJ: w o r k and
d a ta f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s is a n d p r o g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e ir p a y .)

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f s i n g le u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p i c t in g t h r e e d i m i n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f
c o m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l ic a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e le s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

sy stem s

a n a ly s ts

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
in v o l v i n g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a ta a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s a n i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l in g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e f o l lo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it ia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes r e c o m ­
m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a l la t io n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b t a in in g e q u ip m e n t .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t io n a l
a s s is t.

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r le v e l s y s t e m s

a n a ly s ts w h o a re

a s s ig n e d

to

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m i t e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a ta a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e ou tp u t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,

M A IN T E N A N C E
CARPENTER,

C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n o t i n c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
NU RSE,

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s i n g a v a r i e t y

or

r e p e t it iv e

IN D U S T R IA L

d r a w in g s

o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d

it e m s .

W o rk is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

(R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r
i n ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c i d e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o l v e a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

AND

M A IN T E N A N C E




B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g i n v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u fa c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l is h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e
th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p lie d .

PO W ER PLA N T

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

27
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC ,

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t io n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l la t io n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r t h e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s in g t r o u b l e in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g and
t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h ea t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t ila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M ay a ls o su ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e m p l o y in g m o r e th a n on e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n is h th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
HELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p l ie d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g .w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k il le d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n ­
fin e d t o s u p p ly in g , li f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a ? ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e is p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e la t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r in g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n t o
a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d cu t t in g and l u b r ic a t in g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d i e j o b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n t e r p r e t in g
w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t io n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

(M A I N T E N A N C E )

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l li n g




A U T O M O T IV E

(M A I N T E N A N C E )— C o n t in u e d

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e l s ,
a d ju s t in g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o t i v e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t li n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t li n g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in l y in v o l v e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h it e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t in g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a ll s n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t le s a n d i n s t a l ls m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l li n g and m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w it h o i l o r
e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

grea se,

th e

m o v in g

p a rts

o r w e a r in g

s u r fa c e s

o f m e ch a n ica l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w it h s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h it e le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t in g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L a y in g ou t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
t o c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w it h c o u p li n g s a n d fa s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g
t o p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r
f i n is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n it a ­
t io n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o r k i n v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s t a l la t io n o f v e n t s and t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l li n g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w it h a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p l u m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g
ou t a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o j * o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g a ll a v a il a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

28
S H E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E ---- C o n t in u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n t in u e d

h a n d t o o ls in c u t t in g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l li n g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie

m a k er; jig

m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; fi x t u r e

m a k er;

gage m a k er)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

C U S T O D IA L

AND

W a tch m a n .
M akes rou n ds
t h e ft , a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
PORTER,

OR

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

o f p r e m is e s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

CLEANER

in

t o o l and d ie jo b b in g

CLERK

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w ork ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u se m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w it h o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r -t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d t y p e
as fo llo w s ;
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

o f e q u ip m e n t ,

F IL L E R

(O rd e r

p ick e r;

stock

s e le cto r; w areh ou se

stock m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
t o fi l l i n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t i n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l ie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m (I V 2 t o a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a il e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

m ak ers

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s ; A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a il a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h i p ­
m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o lv e s ;
V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .
F o r w age

ORDER

d ie

ch a rw om a n ; ja n itr e s s )

C le a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o l v e
a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l ie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c l e a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

to o l and

M O VEM EN T

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G

G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a t e
a n d c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .

(S w e e p e r ;

shops

M A T E R IA L

G UARD AND W ATCH M AN

J A N IT O R ,

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p and o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d im e n s io n s *
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o l i n g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f i n is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fi t t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; and s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a te r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its t o b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o l v e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t if y in g
d a ta o n c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O p era tes a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b l is h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d
g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a<re c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f t r u c k , a s f o l l o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

( f o r k l if t )
(o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

Area W age Surveys
A lis t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s tu d ie s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a ge and H o u r and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s ho w n on
the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , J u ly 1969 1----------------------------------------------------A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970-----------------S
T
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1970 1____ _____________ _ _
A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1969-----B
E
A tla nta, G a . , M a y 1970 1 ---------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1969-----------------------------------------------B e a u m o n t— o r t A rt h u r— r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1_____
P
O
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1969---------------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970------------------------------------------B o i s e C ity, Idaho, N o v . 1969-------------------------------------------B o s to n , M a s s . , A u g . 1969-------------------------------------------------B u ff a lo , N . Y . , O ct. 1969___________________________________
B u r lin g to n , V t . , M a r . 1970________________________________
Cant on, O h io , M a y 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1970 1 -------------------------------------C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1970 1--------------------------------------------C h atta n o o ga , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1969--------------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 --------------------------------------------------C in cin n a ti, O h io — y .—I n d ., F e b . 1970----------------------------K
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1969--------------------------------------------- C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1969----------------—----------------------------D a lla s , T e x . , O ct . 1969-----------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t— o c k Isla nd— o l i n e , Iowa—
R
M
111.,
D ayton , O h i o , D e c . 1969----------------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Io w a , M a y 1970 1-----------------------------------------D e t r o it , M i c h . , F e b . 1970____________ ____ _______________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1969--------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y, W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . . M a v 1970-----------------------------------------------H o u s to n , T e x . , A p r . 1970--------------------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct . 1969------ ---------------- ---------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1970------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1969 ----------------------------------------K a n s a s Cit y, M o . — a n s ., Sept. 1969-------------------------------K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h il l, M a s s . —N .H ., June 1 9 6 9 ---------------H
L it tle R o c k — o rth L it tle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1969-----------N
L o s A n g e l e s —Lon g B e a c h and A n a h e im —
Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970----------------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—Ind., Nov. 1969 1--------------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1970 1 -------------------------- ------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1969______________________________
M e m p h i s , Ten n.—A r k . , N ov. 1969 1----------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1969___________________________________
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1970 1-----------------------—
M i l w a u k e e , W i s ., A p r . 1969_______________________________
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1 9 7 0 1_______________

Data

on

establishment




practices

and

supplementary

wage

provisions

1625-89,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1625-86,
1660-76,
1660-11,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1625-73,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35
30
35
30
50
35
35
30
30
25
45
45
25
30
35
40
30
65
35
40
30
35

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
cents
ce n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1 6 6 0 -1 8 ,
1660-8.
1660-79,
1 6 6 0 -6 7 ,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

35
30
40
35
35
30
30
30
35
30
30
30
35
30
30

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
cents

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1660-3,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1625-66,
1660-46,

45
40
35
30
40
30
35
35
50

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts

are

also pr es e n t e d .

A rea
M u s k e g o i r - M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 * ______________
New H av e n , C o n n ., Jan. 1970 1___________________ ________
N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1970_____________________________
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969_______________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t New s—
P
H am pto n , V a . , J a n. 1970 1_______________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O k l a . , J u ly 1969*________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —Iowa, Sept. 1969__________________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N.J
C
M a y 1969_____________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . . N o v. 1969 1 _____________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1_______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 1_______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , Nov. 1969 1_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h ., M a y 1969_______________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t —W a r w ic k , R.I.—M a s s .,
P
M a y 1970-----------------------------------------------------------------------------R a le ig h , N . C . , Aug. 1969---------------------------------------------------R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1970 1_______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n ly ),
J u ly 1969-----------------------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1970____________________________
Salt L a ke C it y , Utah, N o v. 1969 1_______________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1970______________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r side — n t a r io , C a lif . ,
R
O
D e c . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------San D i e g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1969 1 ____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — akla nd, C a l i f . , O ct . 1 9 6 9 1_____________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1969 1_____________________________
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1970 1------------------------------------------------S c r a n to n , P a . , J u ly 1969---------------------------------------------------Se a ttle — v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1970_______________________
E
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k., Sept. 1969_________________________
South Ben d, Ind., M a r . 1 9 7 0 1-------------------------------------------Sp okan e, W a s h ., June 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1969-------------------------------------------------T a m p a - S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1969 1______________
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b . 1970___________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1969--------------------------------------------------U tica —R o m e , N . Y ., J u ly 1969-------------------------------------------W a s h in g t o n , D .C .—M d.—V a . , Sept. 1969 1________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1970 1___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Jan. 1970-------------------------------------------------W ic h it a , K a n s . , A p r . 1970 1_______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1970 1___________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1970 1_________________ _________ _
Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h io , Nov. 1969 1_________________
W

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1625-88,

30 ce n ts
50ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30c e n ts
60 ce n ts

1660-59,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1660-26,
1625-76,

35 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
60 ce n ts
35ce n ts
50c e n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts

1660-72,
1660-6,
1660-65,

30 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
40 ce n ts

1660-4,
1625-72,
1660-66,
1660-30,
1660-71,

30 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30c e n ts

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1660-80,
1660-15,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1 6 6 0 -7 ,
1660-56,
1660-21,
1 6 6 0 -1 ,
1 6 6 0 -1 9 ,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30
35
50
35
35
30
30
25
35
30
30
35
30
30
30
50
35
30
35
35
35

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
35 ce n ts

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
BU REAU OF L A BOR S TA TI STI CS
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C .

20212

O F F I C I A L BUSINESS