View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

AREAWAGESURVEY
Denver, Colorado, M etropolitan Area,
Decem ber 1972
Bulletin 1775-35

\

BOULDER
ADAMS
/ Denver
Ir t k

V
™

^

DENVER
ARAPAHOE

FFERSON
JEFFERSON j




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Rnrpan of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a D e c e m b e r 1972 s u r v e y o f oc c u p a tio n a l
e a r n i n g s in the D e n v e r , C o l o r a d o , Stand ard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( A d a m s ,
A r a p a h o e , B o u l d e r , D e n v e r , and J e f f e r s o n C o u n t i e s ) . T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as
p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
The
p r o g r a m is d e s i g n e d to y i e l d data f o r in d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , as w e l l as
n a tio n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l Stand ard M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a s in the U n ite d
S ta te s , e x c lu d in g A l a s k a and H a w a i i , (as d e fi n e d b y the U.S. O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t
and B u d g e t th ro u gh N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n e e d to
d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th ro ugh
the a n a l y s i s o f (1) the l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n , and (2) the
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The program de­
v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , inc lu d in g w a g e and
s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plant
l o c a t io n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e
w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n de r the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 96 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in the p r o g r a m .
(S ee l i s t o f a r e a s on
in s i d e b ac k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d
annually. I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e ­
f i t s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y s e c o n d y e a r in the p a s t, is no w o b ta in e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l in d i v i d u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve b e e n c o m p l e t e d ,
tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data f o r e ach
m etro po litan a re a surveyed.
T h e s e co n d s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s n a tion al and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data.
T h e D e n v e r s u r v e y w a s c on du cted b y the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . , un der the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f E d w a r d Chaiken, A s s i s t a n t
R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t i o n s . T h e s u r v e y c ould not h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d
with out the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d
the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to
e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s in the D e n v e r a r e a is a v a i l a b l e
f o r s e l e c t e d f o o d s e r v i c e oc c u p a tio n s ( D e c e m b e r 1972). A l s o a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s
o f union w a g e r a t e s f o r b u il d in g t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g
e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
Free
c o p i e s o f th e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s . (S ee b a c k c o v e r
fo r addresses.)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1775-35

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R , Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
B U R E A U OF LABO R S T A T IS T IC S , Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner

M a rc h 1 9 7 3

Denver, Colorado, Metropolitan Area, December 1972
CONTENTS
Page
2 I n tr o d u c tio n
5 W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n a l g ro u p s

T ab les:
4
6

11
12
13

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu died
I n d e x e s o f e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s

A.
7
10

1.
2.

O ccupation al earn in gs:
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a ti o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , b y s e x
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s

17 A p p e n d i x .

Occupation al d e sc r ip tio n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 40 cents domestic postpaid or 30 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

1

In tro d u c tio n
(3) m a i n te n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to tak e a ccoun t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in duties w ith in the s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the ap p e n d ix.
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d ic a te d , the
e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c up atio n
is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e eno ugh data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data. E a r n i n g s
data not sho wn s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a l l
i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d data, w h e r e shown. L i k e w i s e , data a r e in c lu d e d
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not
available.

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c on du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s
on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s a n n u a l l y . 1 F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a , c o l l e c t e m p l o y m e n t , e a r n i n g s ,
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s , and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s i n f o r m a t i o n e v e r y t h i r d
year.
In e a c h o f the i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d b y m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s the r e s u l t s
o f the l a t t e r ty p e s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , data a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w i th i n s ix b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y te nd to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu died
to w a r r a n t in c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f
the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y sched ule .
E a r n i n g s data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la t e s h ifts . N o n p r o d u c t i o n bon u s es a r e e x ­
c lu d ed, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n ­
cluded. W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a ti o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a l f hour) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r an d/ o r p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s . T h e s a m ­
pling p r o c e d u r e s in v o lve d eta iled s tr a tific a tio n of all establish m en ts
w i t h i n the s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s tr y and n u m b e r
of em p loyees.
F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e is
s e l e c t e d , w i t h e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chan c e o f
selectio n .
T o ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d . W h e n data
a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that u n b ia s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If
no s u ita b le sub s tit ute is a v a i l a b l e , a d d i ti o n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follo w in g types:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ;

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d i v i d u a l o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n ge s . T h e a v e r ­
a g e s f o r in d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m ent patterns.
F o r e x a m p le , p ro p o rtio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo yed by
h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c han ge o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and be r e p l a c e d b y ne w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a te s .
Such s h ifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s during
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , shown in ta b le 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w i th i n the
g ro u p s .

1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N. Y . (N e w York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
H ollyw ood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A l a .; Lexington, K y . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
Newburgh, N . Y . ; Rochester, N. Y . (o ffic e occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y . ; and U tica—Rom e, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
o f the Em ploym ent Standards Adm inistration o f the U .S . Department of Labor.

A v e r a g e earn in gs r e fle c t co m p o s ite , a r e a w id e estim a te s.
In­
d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in pay l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and
thus c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r each j o b . P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am on g j o b s in
individual estab lish m en ts.

O c c u p a ti o n s and E a r n i n g s




2

3

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tio n s should not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w i th i n i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n tr ib u t e to
d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w i th i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e
o n ly the r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c d u tie s w i t h i n the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . J ob d e s c r i p ­
tio ns u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than th o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i th i n the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e s am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in e d f r o m the s a m p l e




o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
ta n c e o f the j o b s studied.
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c tu r e
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n i n g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in this
b u l l e ti n .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in the p a s t, is now c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e ta b u la tio n s on
m in im u m entrance s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s ;
s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w o r k w e e k ; p aid h o l i d a y s ; p aid v a c a t i o n s ;
and h ealth, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n plans a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s
t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r th is a r e a .

4




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in D e n v e r , C o lo .,
b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 2
M inim um
em ploym en t
in e sta b lish ­
m ents in scope
o f study

In du stry d iv is io n

A l l d iv is io n s __________________________________
M a n u factu rin g__________
— ___ __________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g. . ____________________________
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and
oth er public u tilitie s 5_______________________
W h o lesa le tra d e 6______________________________
R e ta il t r a d e ____________________________________
F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l esta te 6______
S e r v ic e s 6 7_____________________________________

W o r k e rs in establish m ents

N u m ber o f establish m ents

W ithin scope o f stu d y4
W ithin scope
o f stu d y3

Studied

Studied
N u m ber

Percen t

.

918

201

209,569

100

122,757

50

238
680

60
141

76,654
132,915

36
64

50,470
72, 287

50
50
50
50
50

70
156
203
102
149

28
22
40
19
32

31, 124
18, 711
43,134
18, 621
21,325

15
9
21
9
10

26,052
5, 116
26, 061
7, 146
7, 862

1 Th e D en ver Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as defin ed by the O ffic e o f M an agem ent and B udget throu gh N o v e m b e r 1971, co n s ists o f
A d a m s , A ra p a h o e, B o u ld e r, D en ver, and J e ffe rs o n C ou nties. T h e " w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f stu dy" estim a te s shown in th is ta b le p r o v id e a re a s on a b ly
a ccu ra te d es c rip tio n o f the s iz e and com position o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu ded in the s u rv ey. T h e es tim a te s a re not in tended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a
b a sis o f co m p a rison w ith o th er em ploym en t in dexes fo r the a rea to m e a s u re em p loym en t tren d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w a ge su rv e y s re q u ir e s
the use o f esta b lish m en t data co m p ile d co n s id era b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll esta b lish m en ts a re ex clu ded fr o m the scope
o f the su rv ey.
2 Th e 1967 ed itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual w as used in c la s s ify in g esta b lish m en ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu des a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith to ta l em ploym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l outlets (w ithin the a r e a ) o f com pan ies in such
in d u stries as tra d e , fin a n ce , auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tion p ictu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e re d as 1 esta blish m en t.
4 In clu des a ll w o r k e r s in a ll esta blish m en ts w ith to ta l em ploym en t (w ithin the a r e a ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilitie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n w e r e exclu ded.
6 T h is in du stry d iv is io n is re p re s e n te d in e s tim a tes fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e rie s A ta b le s . S epa ra te p resen ta tio n o f
data fo r th is d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s on s: (1 ) E m p loy m en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to
m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sam ple w as not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep a ra te p resen ta tio n , (3) resp o n se w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it
sep ara te p resen tatio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l esta b lish m en t data.
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; lau n dries and other p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; bu sin ess s e r v ic e s ; a u tom obile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g; m otion p ic tu re s ; n on p ro fit
m e m b ersh ip o rga n iza tio n s (ex clu din g re lig io u s and c h a rita b le o rga n iz a tio n s ); and e n gin eerin g and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .

In d u stria l co m p o sitio n in m anufacturing
O v e r o n e-th ird of the w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f the su rv ey in the D en ver a re a w e re
em p loy ed in m anufacturing fir m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p resen ts the m a jo r in d u stry groups and
s p e c ific in d u stries as a p ercen t o f a ll m anufacturing:
In du stry groups
17
O rdnance and a c c e s s o r ie s ______ 15
M a ch in e ry, except
e l e c t r i c a l_______________________ 13
Rubber and p la s tic s
9
P rin tin g and p u b lish in g. _______ 8
Stone, c la y , and gla ss
produ cts___ __ _______________ 6
F a b ric a te d m e ta l produ cts______ 5
L e a th e r and le a th e r
produ cts_________________________ 5

S p e c ific in d u stries
15
F a b r ic a te d ru bb er
produ cts_______________
O ffic e and com puting
m ach in es___ ___________

____ —

9

____ ___

7
5

T h is in form a tion is based on e s tim a tes of to ta l em p loym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv erse
m a te r ia ls co m p iled p r io r to actual su rv ey.
P r o p o rtio n s in v a rio u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
d iffe r fr o m p rop o rtio n s based on the re su lts o f the su rv ey as shown in ta b le 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f change in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e i n d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b tra c tin g 100 f r o m the
i n d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t c han ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d ate o f the ind ex. T h e p e r c e n t s o f change o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a te s . An n u a l r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the am ount o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths w h en the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m on th s .
T h ese com pu­
ta t io n s a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t i o n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a con stant
rate betw een su rveys.
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c han ge in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

T h e in d e x is a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in the b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a l u e o f 100 p e r c e n t .
T h e i n d e x is c o m p u t e d by m u l t i ­
p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (the p e r c e n t
c han ge plus 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the n ext s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and then c o n ­
tinuing to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s index.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of earnings f o r o v e r tim e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
l a te s h ifts .
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p atio n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t jo b s w ith in
e a c h g ro u p .

M e t h o d o f C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w i t h i n an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p is a s s i g n e d a c on stan t w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
O ffic e clerica l (m en and
wom en):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (o ffic e boys or
girls)

O ffic e cle ric a l (m en and
w om en )— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabu lating-m achine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and
wom en):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L i m i t a t i o n s o f Data
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e , as m e a s u r e s o f c han ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d iv id u a l
w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and ch an ge s in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h an ge s in
the l a b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e i v a b l e that e v e n
though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y have d eclin ed beca u se lo w e r - p a y in g establish m en ts en tered
the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y h a v e
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n sta n t, y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y ha ve r i s e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

S killed maintenance (m en):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (au tom otive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die makers
Unskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

NOTE:
Com ptom eter operators, used in the computation o f previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by die Bureau.

T h e u s e o f c on stan t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f ch an ge s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each job i n ­
c lu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t s o f ch an ge r e f l e c t o n l y c han ges in
a v e r a g e pay fo r s t r a ig h t - t im e hours.
T h e y a r e not i n f lu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c han ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y
ch an ge s in the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n a r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a tio n s
in the g r o u p a r e to t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s a r e
r e l a t e d b y s u b tr a c tin g the a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r and d i v i d i n g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 show s the p e r c e n t
o f chan ge.




5




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in D e n v e r , C o lo ., D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 1
an d D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 2 , a n d p e rc e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
M an ufactu ring

A l l in d u stries
W eek ly earn in gs
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
wom en)

In d u stria l
nurses
(m en and
wom en)

H o u rly earn in gs
S k illed
m aintenance
tra d es
(m en)

U nsk illed
plan tw o rk e rs
(m en)

W e e k ly ea rn in gs
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
wom en)

H o u rly earn in gs

In d u s tria l
nurs e s
(m e n and
w om en)

S killed
m aintenance
tra d es
(m en)

U nsk illed
plantw orkers
(m en)

In dexes (D e c e m b e r 1967:100)
D e c e m b e r 1971------- — ---- - ___
D e c e m b e r 1972— _ ----- -

____ _ — ----- ------

124. 7
132. 3

133.7
142. 3

132. 3
140.8

130. 0
140. 8

128. 2
135. 5

132. 6
143. 3

131. 3
140. 9

135. 1
144. 4

4. 7
3.9
3. 3
2.7
1.9
2. 6
3. 1
4. 4
6. 1
6. 2
8. 1
7. 8
7. 3

2. 4
7. 0
4. 6
1. 5
2. 5
4 .9
3. 2
3. 8
6. 3
‘ 10. 4
6. 2
8. 3
6 .9

P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber

1959
I960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

D ec e m b e r
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ece m b er
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ece m b er
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber

I9 6 0 ______________
1961-----------------1962-----------------1963---~ - „
1964- --------------1965------------ -----1966-----------------1967______________
1968-----------------1969-----------------1970-----------------1971______________
1972------------------

4. 2
3. 5
4. 1
3. 5
2. 7
2. 3
4. 3
3. 2
5. 2
5. 4
6.7
5. 4
6. 1

5.9
6. 1
5. 2
3. 0
3.9
1. 9
5. 0
7. 4
9. 3
7. 0
8. 0
5. 8
6. 4

5. 3
4. 2
3. 2
2.9
2. 7
2. 3
4. 3
4. 6
6. 1
5. 6
7 .9
9. 5
6. 4

2. 8
4. 8
4. 3
3.4
3.9
2. 3
2. 1
4. 0
4. 7
6. 2
7. 7
8. 5
8. 3

3. 2
3. 8
3. 3
3. 6
1.6
2. 7
3.9
3. 3
5 .4
6. 4
7. 3
6 .6
5. 7

4.
4.
5.
1.
3.
1.
4.
8.
9.
7.
7.
4.
8.

0
9
7
0
4
4
2
0
5
5
7
6
1

T h is in c re a s e re fle c t s sh ifts in em ploym en t betw een h igh - and lo w -w a g e esta b lish m en ts in addition to g e n e r a l w age in c re a s e s .

7

A. O c c u p a tio n a l earnings
T a b le A -1 . O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s b y in d u stry d iv is io n , D e n v e r, C o lo ., D e c e m b e r 1972)
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

1

t

Average

(standard

Mean

^

Median £

Middle ranged

»

t

*

i

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
t
t
t
S
t
t
*
t
t
(
i
t
*
90
95
100
105
110
120
130
160
150
160
170
180 190

200

210

I
220

210

220

over

*

75

80

85

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

160

150

160

170

21
21

12
12

12
12

6
6

-

-

3

-

-

1

•

-

-

1

-

6
4

-

-

10
10

-

“

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

70

70

-

65
and
under

-

-

*

6

-

8

8

1

3

7

9

9

-

-

1

-

-

1

28
28

19
19

2

11

1

6

-

—

-

-

-

-

44
13
31

96
23
73

136
32
102

99
26
75

88
22
66

75
6
71

19
13
6
-

26
26
23
-

19
3
16
15
-

6
3
3

16

80
12
68
39
8

-

and
180

190

200

HEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------

78
75

$
39.5 113.50
39.5 113.50

BO OK KE EPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A
~

50

39.0 136.00 166.00 116.00-156.00

92
76

39.5 110.50 108.50
39.5 105.00 107.00
3 *3
' ' • %V
'

BO OK KE EPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

886
176
712

RETAIL TRAOE --------------------

169

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1,099
196
903
82
320

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

52
68

$
87.50
87.00

$
$
79 .5 0- 15 7. 00
79.50-157.50

99.00-118.50

-

-

-

6

-

5

15
15
15

60.0 160.00 137.50 117.50-162.50
60.0 138.00 132.50 117.50-155.00
39.5 160.50 138.50 117.50-166.00
173.00
60.0 127.00 125.00 109.50-160.00

-

-

-

10
10

5
5

26

-

-

26

66
12
52

"

*

“

“

“

5

10

15

16

16

46

22

6

83
13
70
26
15

105.00 96.00-125.00
111.50 103.50-128.50
103.50 92 .0 0- 12 6. 00
166.00 119.00-191.00

-

-

18
18

127
2
125
51

126
5
119
76

96
26
72
3
26

165
23
122
1
32

93
36
59
4
19

139
38
101
15
63

183
26
159
16
28

36
27
9
1

5
6
1
-

50
13
37
1

15
15
16

1
1
-

7
7
7

10
10
10

6
6
3

9
9
9

18

37
2
35
22

39.5 136.00 126.00 106.00-157.50
39.5 136.50 126.00 103.00-158.00

_
-

-

*

*

-

1
1

10
10

2
2

-

6
6

11
9

5
3

_

9
9

_

-

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

-

3
3

18
18

16
16

50
50

176
175

98
95

61
59

57
53

66
61

22
19

63
62

10

39.5
60.0
39.5
60.0
3 .3

110.50
115.00
109.50
155.00
*

rn
593

~

*

*

1’
a1

■JV.U

nri

31

BV,VV

9

60.0 129.00 131.00 116.50-162.00
39.5 137.50 155.50 118.00-159.00
60.0 128.00 131.00 116.00-161.50

-

-

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------KLiAIL IHAUL

588
37
551

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

266
83
163
66
51

39.5
60.0
39.5
60.0
39.5

136.50
129.50
137.00
181.50
116.50

128.50 111.00-168.50
127.50 111.00-163.00
129.00 111.00-166.00
173.50
118.50 96 .5 0- 12 9. 00

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

613
161
272
55

39.5
39.5
39.5
60.0

131.50
125.50
136.50
176.50

126.50
122.50
130.50
181.00

116.50-161.00
116.00-133.50
117.50-162.50
161.00-196.50

-

-

-

-

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS* CLASS B ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------------RETAIL T R A O E -------— ---- •----

709
128
581
136
82

60.0
60.0
39.5
60.0
60.0

113.50
119.50
112.00
152.50
99.50

105.50 95.50- 11 9. 50
117.50 106.00-131.00
103.50 93 .5 0- 11 6. 50
166.00 120.50-177.50
96.50 91.00- 11 1. 00

-

RETAIL TRADE --------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




**

-

1

*
-

20
20
20

5
5

1

0

1
1
-

12

26
26

17
5
12

16
16

26

81
7
76
22

81
6
75

163
163

80
80

56
13
63

15
6
11

11
2
9

1
1

13
13

_
-

_
-

16
5
9

17

1
1

6
6

3
1
2

-

17

26

9

-

6

6

6

6

7
1
6

A
6

16
5
9

26
12
12

37
16
23

37
16
23

27
16
13

32
12
20

6
6
2

•

_

12
12

-

11
IT?

C

1
1

1

6

2

6

3

2

1

10

13

5

6

1

-

20
20

-

1
“
1

5
1
4

17
16
3

19
7
12

82
33
69

88
66
66

75
16
61

36
11
23

12
7
5

6
6
-

22
22

67

97

67
-

97

66
13
53
6

111
15
96
2

71
20
51
6

121
23
98
21

68
26
26
13

29
10
19
19

29
17
12
12

8
6
2
2

”

“

“

21
6
17

8
8

11
1
10

3
3

21
21
21

1
“
1
1

9
“
9
9

-

3

8

3
3

-

7

-

7
7

*

10
5
5

8

.
-

26
26
26




is : W e e k ly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d
ings o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occupations by in d u stry d iv is io n , D e n v e r, C o lo ., D e c e m b e r 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

>
f

standard)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
$

*

Average
weekly
Mean *

Median *

Middle range*

65
and
under

$
$
$
$
39.5 100.00
97.00 90 .0 0-104.50
39.5
99.00
95.00 89.00-103.50
40.0 122.50 107.50 102.00-158.00

543
,067
476
329
121

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

151.00
156.00
147.00
171.00
125.00

148.00
155.50
142.50
171.50
126.00

127.50-172.00
133.50-175.00
123.50-164.00
146.50-197.00
109.00-145.50

171
65
106

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

167.00
176.00
163.00
187.00

161.50
169.50
157.00
188.50

137.50-200.50
152.50-207.00
135.00-193.50
164.50-210.50

,159
527
632
123
43

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

151.50
156.00
147.50
163.50
120.50

150.00
154.50
144.00
163.50
124.00

130.00-175.00
135.00-184.00
127.00-166.00
137.00-182.50
88.00-153.00

80

8
85

8
90

»
95

8
100

6
130

6
140

8
150

8
160

8
170

8

8
180

190

4
200

8
210

220

210

220

over

-

-

-

69
29
40
29
-

71
35
36
18
1

53
13
40
25
“

50
17
33
26
-

18
9
9

9
2
7

6
2
4

3
l
2

13
5
8

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

*

-

6
6
-

24
24
“

32
30
*

50
48
“

36
30
6

48
36
12

26
19
7

17
9
2

“

2
2
2

2
2
2

2
2
2

6
6
6

2
2
2

1
1
1

*

-

-

5
5
5

4
4
-

18
18

14
14
5

16
4
12
4
1

44
11
33
6

48
15
33
3

219
46
173
31
15

339
142
197
18
24

329
134
195
19
15

269
108
161
18
10

353
129
224
26
17

189
106
83
46
6

212
143
69
30
2

241
135
106
39

12
2
10

29
7
22

10
10

19
5
14

30
17
13

8
4
4

14
1
13

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

5
5

-

-

5

-

-

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

139.00
147.00
132.50
153.50
118.50

137.50
146.00
129.00
161.50
120.50

119.50-159.00
128.00-170.00
115.00-155.50
117.50-184.00
107.00-132.00

460
145
315
108

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

129.50
130.00
129.50
149.50

126.00
127.00
126.00
147.00

108.50-147.50
113.50-150.00
107.50-147.00
126.50-173.00

_

438
126
312
40
38

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

136.00
141.50
133.50
170.50
129.50

136.00
146.00
133.00
172.00
130.50

118.00-152.50
126.50-157.00
114.00-149.50
154.00-188.50
114.00-141.00

_
-

-

-

110

40.0 122.00 121.50 99.00-138.00
40.0 133.00 132.00 121.00-149.00
40.0 118.00 112.50 96.50-136.50

-

188
170
49

40.0 101.50
40.0
96.00
39.5 95.00

84.50-112.00
83.50-102.00
85.50-109.00

1
1
1

384
83
301
29
72

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5

102.50 93.50-118.00
105.00 100.00-118.50
101.50 93.00-118.00
156.50 120.50-168.00
93.50 91.00-105.00

-

-

-

5

-

-

4

5

-

-

1
1
-

13
5
8

35
3
32
3

68
10
58
6

35
12
23
3

48
22
26
11

38
17
21
9

25
7
18
11

28
6
22
19

21
5
16
13

46
30
16
12

34
10
24
14

28
8
20
16

11
11

1
1

3
3
-

9
9

7
*
3

158
83
75
14

“

“

156
70
86
11
2

134
52
82
6
3

159
57
102
12
11

80
38
42
22
2

83
53
30
12
*

187
119
68
13
-

30
22

-

95
18
77
11
2

4
“

18
3
15
5
-

15
2
13
10
-

8
3
5
3
-

13
1
12
4
1

35
11
24
6

40
10
30
-

117
49

79
39
40
2
2

63
47
16
15
1

90
82
8
7
*

8
1
7
7
“

9
9
9
“

1
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

1
1
-

8

93
44
49
2
7

115
33
82

3

97
21
76
20
7

18
2
16

44
13
31

46
5
43
5

66
26
40
11

60
23
37
18

23
9
14
9

102
24
78
19

24
9
9

18
11
7
7

13
13
13

11
11
11

—
-

6
6
6

.
-

-

64
24
40
3
5

56
5
51
2
10

82
36
46
2
1

46
15
31
4
8

32
15
17
8

21
12
9
4
*

10
10
10
-

3

3

3
-

3
3
l
-

-

_
—
-

13
5

21
7
14

4
4
~

5
4
1

3
1

9
1

2
-

2

8

2

-

.
-

•
-

-

8

3

5

-

13
4

3
3

_
-

-

-

•

-

13

5
1

9
9
9

-

—

-

4

10

“

108.50
108.00
108.50
146.50
97.50

120

80

777
339
438
72
36

92.00
90.50
92.50

110

and

-

29
81

8

8

8
105

39.5 161.50 154.50 131.50-183.50
40.0 162.00 153.00 137.00-183.00
39.5 161.50 157.00 128.00-185.00

429
136
293
117

75

S

75

70

254
217
42

70

8

4
4

3

8

“

-

-

2

16

*

-

3
1

-

“

-

-

-

2

8

-

9
9

10
10

3

1
2

2
2

17
4
13

30
7
23

47
7
40

•

"

1

1

-

12

5
1
4

12
6

8

16
13

6
6
3

•
-

22

23
6
17
-

-

8

8

14
14

_
•

1
1

17

*

_
“

17

4
4

11
11
*

6
6
3

34
34

8

31
31
5

31
31
16

8
8

14
14

3
3

1

2

2

8

4

-

7
7
7

34
13
21
1

78
3
75
36

36
5
31

64
21
43
3
7

12

72
25
47
4
10

-

-

8

4
4

2

10
2

6

68

1

5
17
6
5

2

11
-

3

*
33

4
4

2

-

2

-

8

—

3

-

-

3
3

3
3
3

•
-

—

9
T a b l e A - 1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s ----- C o n t i n u e d
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, D enver, Colo., D ecem ber 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
woxkeis

(standard]

Number of w orkers rec eiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
%

Average
weekly

65
Mean

*

Median *

Middle ranged

»

%

%

$

s

*

s

*

%

i

*

«

$

*

*

t

S

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

'

25

20

36

24

19

16

31

»
$
*
200
210 220

17

and
under
70

and
210

220 over

MEN AND W EN COMBINED—
OM
CONTINUED
T R AN SC RI BI NG -H AC HI NE OPERATORS.
141
30
in

$
$
39.5 105.00 105.50
40.0 10T.00 107.50
39.5 104.50 105.50

70

M A NU FA CT UR IN G — — —
— — — — ■
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ——— — — — — — —
———— —

$
$
97.50112.00
99 .0 0- 11 4. 50
97.50110.00

155.50

5

:
3

1 0 1. 50 -1 3A . 00

S A N U r At# 1 U K 1 N o

40.0

7*

1
1

434
55

97.50 94.50
86.00- 10 3. 50
39.5
40.0 120.00 125.00 107.50-128.50

See footnotes at end of tables.




40*0

3C*"0

9? *00

50

63
^25

63

50

78

*9
l

T?
5*
3

1

3

T5

10

1

1

__
2*

"
15

*

*

10
T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o cc u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings o f w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, Denver, Colo., D ecem ber 1972)
Weekly earnings *
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings o f —
s

weekly
(standard)

Under
Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

»
n o

*

120

*

130

*

160

$
39.5 186.00
60 .0 203.00
39.5 177.50

$
189.50
202.00
170.00

$
$
155.00-209.50
193.00-216.50
151.50-199.50

*

(

160

170

180

$
190

*
200

»

210

I

220

230

260

*

260

270

S

$

280

290

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

260

250

31
1
30

8
-

n

12
2
10

10
3
7

32
16
18

13
9
6

22
8
16

5
2
3

9
7
2

8
•
8

1

3

130

160

-

2
1
1

17
—
17

n

150

180
*7
133

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B ---- —

260

60.0 155.00 153.50 137.00-171.00

1

15

37

31

63

36

66

35

10

10

16

_

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------- —

207
56

60 .0 153.00 151.00 135.00-166.00
60.0 170.50 176.00 168.00-189.50

1
-

15
1

29
9

29
3

26
2

26
6

35
2

21
19

5
3

9
2

9
7

.
-

1
1

3
3

-

-

300
and

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------- —
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------- —

106

250

and
under

<

110

120
HEN AND WO ME N COMBINED

*

150

-

8

260

270

28(L

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

290

300

o ver

.
-

-

-

•

_

-

_
-

-

_

_

-

•

39.5
!

69

39.0 12"'.00 121.00

29

36

60.0 217.00 216.50 206.00-227.50

“

*

*

*

312
76
236

60.0 215.50 208.00 192.00-236.00
60.0 222.00 207.50 192.00-237.00
60.0 213.50 208.50 192.00-235.50

-

-

“

*

1
1

13

5

13

18
2
16

83
68

39.5 195.50 176.00 155.00-262.50
60.0 219.00 229.00 161.00-269.00
xr
JV.U

•

-

6
1

13
6

10
7

3
1

16
2

1

C O MP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
15

-

23
10
-

19

5

35
19
6

33

5

20
19
15

12

2

-

3

-

-

-

-

31
14
17

55
15
60

44
12
32

21
5
16

30
8
22

31
5
26

17
2
15

11
1
10

6
6

10
1
9

10
1
9

3
3
-

8
7
1

5
2

1
1

1
1

3
3

6
3

1
1

5
5

6
6

2
2

5
5

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

*

3
—
3

—
-

8
8

7
7

10
1
9

29
6
23

19
5
16

21
6
17

28
3
25

*86
16
70

F?
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------CO MP U T E R PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CL A S S B --------------- —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---- -- ---------- ——
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------C O M P U T E R PR OGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CL A S S C --------------- —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------C O MP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S A --------------- --MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- —

—

-

60.0 295.50 296.00 267.00-319.00
60.0 303.00 295.00 27 6.00-326.00
60.0 296.50 296.00 26 5. 00-318.50
60.0 266.00 236.00 22 9.50-262.00
256.50
60.0 236.50 235.50 22 6.50-259.00
60.0 25S.50 261.00 26 3.50-277.00

-

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

171
63
108
35

“

C O M P U T E R S Y ST EM S ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S C ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- —

89
71

39.5 208.50 210.00 181.00-238.00
39 .5 20 0.50 203.50 168.50-237.00

*

*

DRAFTS ME N, CL A S S A --------------- ___
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

259
168
111

60.0 20 1.50 200.50 17 1.00-221.00
60.0 212.50 217.00 189.50-225.00
60.0 187.00 176.00 163.50-199.50

-

DRAFTSMEN, C L A S S B ----------------------------- _____
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------- —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------- —

297
186
111

60.0 175.00 169.00 151.00-202.50
60.0 186.50 186.50 158.00-212.50
60.0 156.50 167.50 136.50-172.00

-

-

*

10

UMur ijncnt tL R j j

126

-

*

\
0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! —
HANUrAL 1UK 1 Nb — — — — — — — — — — — —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------—
*
**

76
68
26

163.00 H A

00

60.0 175.50 173.00 166.00-188.00
60.0 173.50 172.00
60.0 179.50 175.50 16 7.00-192.50

5

9

209
33
176

CO MP U T E R SY ST EM S ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S B -------------------

-

-

_

*
_

-

-

9
*

9

-

-

*

"

9
9

—

-

3

-

9

5

8

3

10

11

7

2

3
”

-

9
*

3
*

6

3
2

51
17
36
6

13

*

16
10
6
1

18

-

-

16
8

7
2

10
7

8
6

6
3

-

15
**12
3
2

3
3

*

11
9

2

11
10

3
*

11
10

13
9

1
-

7
7

3
3

1
1

1
1

-

6
-

5
5

3
2
1

10
7
3

10
7
3

6

.

-

—

—

•

6

-

-

-

*

9
9

-

-

1

“

“

“

1

17
2
15

66
16
30

22
8
16

30
16
16

15
6
9

21
16
5

60
36
6

22
19
3

15
16
1

-

10

8
1
7

26
12
12

61
66
15

19
11
8

27
16
11

16
11
5

22
22

21
18
3

8
7
1

36
28
6

10
7
3

7
7
-

2

-

-

.

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28

2

-

-

-

-

“

15

19

16

21

16

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

1Z

28
-

-

*
-

1

6

2

8

16

16

11

3

8

3

1

1

“

•

1

1

1

2

6

8

3

"

1

3

1

1

W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 35 at $300 to $320; 24 at $320 to $340; 19 at $340 to $360; and 6 at $360 and o ver.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 at $300 to $320; 7 at $320 to $340; 2 at $340 to $360; and 1 at $360 to $380.

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




1
*

11
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a rn in g s , by sex

(A vera g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, D enver, Colo. , D ecem ber 1972)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

Average

Average
Number
of

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Weekly
(standard)

$
1 8 3 .0 0

"

1 3 5 .5 0

40 0
4 0 .0

113 50
1 1 9 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 1 2 .0 0

J?

128
581

1 4 2 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0
96
89

NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

CL AS S A

3 9 .5

4 0 .0

1 0 > .5 0

9 9 .5 0

*

BILLERS, MA CH IN E (B ILLING
I

K c 1A I L

IK A U t

JIi*22
. 0

384
83

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0

72

RETAIL TRADE

3 9 .5

3 9 .5

9 7 .5 0

30

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

a

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

$.

122

709

3 9 .5

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

255

27"

128

|
standard)

___

$

45

>3

Weekly

141

. .-

AO.O

Number
of

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS WO ME N— CONTINUED
39

271

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WO M E N — CO NTINUED

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S - NEN

**

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

j l

LKc 1A K Itj
H A N U r A u 1 U K 1Nb

2

”

3 9 .5

39 0
3 9 .0

93 50
9 3 .0 0

4 0 .0

0 50
1 5 6 .0 0

536

1 ,0 6 6

a /*a
^"

1 Z U .5 0
K t 1A 1 L

39

1K A U L

TRAN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS*

"

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------1T r 1 j 1 j i

L L A jj

111

1 0 5 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 0 4 .5 0

A

*■*7*9?
125

00

BO OK KE E P I N G - M A C H I N E OP ERATORS,
NU N n AIW J r A L 1 U K l r l u
K t 1A I L
L L tK K jt

A L L U U P I1 I n v f

K c 1A I L

“

1"

"

1

1

j

J" '
29

1H AU L
LLA j j

3 9 .0
AA A
7a * a

A

96
140

1K A U l

jC v K t1A K Itj *

4 0 *0
4 o Io

AO.O

190

39 3
4 0 .0

. . .

15
0

3 9 .5

1 A-» A A
tl* «A

*93

109

117
L L A jj

77?*22

1 6 1 .0 0

1

I
1 7 2 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

1 6 1 .5 0

40 0
4 0 .0

163 00
1 8 7 .0 0

_ __

L

1 1 5 .0 0

629
K t 1A I L

72*2
A0 A
4 A .0

1K A U L

1 4 7 .0 0

72-*^2

1 Z U .5 U

39
45

5

3 9 .5

339
436
r?
36

0.

500

. . .

4 0 *0
39^5

22*2
.5
3

J * S # AA

—

— —————

i

3 9 .0

40

M A NU FA C TU RI NO
NONMANUFACTURINO
R E TA IL TRADE

33
280
72

1

4 0 .0

A
A

15 A

5

129

See fo o tn o te at end o f tab les,




_

1 4 9 .5 0

1 3 3 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0

156

3 9 .5

1 3 5 .0 0

51

3 9 .5

1 1 4 .5 0

rU u L IL

U 11L111l 5

XA* A

33

AA A
4 U .U

i'll rn
1 7 6 .5 0

4.A

i rn nn

zzz

4 0 *0

11LnbU AKU

U r tK A IU K i*

Jti*x2
*

-

A
4 0 0

XA

A

AA

}

f

1
I
L L A jj

*T ?

l Tn ~n
A

4 0 *0

i L % n
. Z-

4 0 .0
129

00

50

4 0 .0

*2 8

” “ “

A

AA

39

22

CLERKS* PA YR OL L

R E TA IL TRADE

U LAbb

70

AA
7a

1

8 3 .5 0

PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S
NONHANUFACTURING

U K tK A 1 U K a *

^

0

3 9 .5

L U n rU ItK

ii* n n

.

315

97

PR OF ESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

118 -0
1 1 ft . ^ A

108

CLERKS* FILE* CLASS C —
NONMANUFACTURING ——

9 6 .5 0

1 TO

134 00
1 3 4 .0 0

* nn

— —

1KAUL

00

9 0 . «*0

1K A U t

1
N U N K A N U rA L 1U K IN b
K t 1 A 1L

« «

i "ic a "*"a a

K t 1A1L

72*2

A

9 8 .0 0

o t L K t 1A K 1 1 a *
1 ,0 5 1

w L A jj

-9

-A
.5 0

« 99

AA

A

118*00

4 0 .0

2 1 7 .5 0

12
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , by s e x -----C o n t i n u e d

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, Denver, Colo. , D ecem ber 1972)
Average

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Number
of

Weekly
hours1
standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WO M E N — CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - ME N- -CONTINUED

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$

$
139.50

28

$

In n
A n n

COMP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS* CL AS S B —— ———

—

—

—

130
27

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
o U i 1 l i t o J f LLA j i
w
NO NH AN UF AC T UK ING — —————

See footnote at end o f tables,




-n
235*30

29*.00

T33
183
110

*0.0 2*9.00
- 0 .0 0
39*5
*0.0 259.50

A0 0 175.00
* 0 . 0 186.50
* 0 . 0 156.00
1*5.00

55

3 9 I0 2l5loO

*0
28

*0 . 0 2 1 0 . 0 0
210.30

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
^0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
———

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS*

1*0.00

NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL IREGISTERED)

------

72

50

*0 . 0

175.00

13
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u r ly e a rn in g s

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu p ation s by in d u stry d iv is io n , D e n v e r, C o lo ., D e c e m b e r 1972)

Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of----*

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

*
S
*
S
S
*
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
»
t
*
t
$
t
S
t
3.20 3.30 3.60 3.50 3.60 3.70 3. 80 3. 90 6.00 6.10 6.20 6.30 6.60 6.50 6.60 6.80 5 .00 5 .20 5.60 5.60 5.80 6.00

Number
of
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

Under
!
and
3.20 under

and

3.30 3.60 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80

90 6. 00 6.10 6.20 6.30 6.60 6.50 6.60 6.80 5.00 5 ,?Q 5 ,60 5.60 5,80 6.00 over

HEN
C A RP EN TE RS , MA INTENANCE ------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

118
66
52

6.72
6.72
6.73

$
6.58
6.58
6.65

$
6.386.536.09-

ELECTR IC IA NS , MAIN TE NA NC E ---------MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

388
338

5.07
5.02

6.96
6.88

6.76- 5.61
6. 72 - 5.26

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY -----------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------RE TA IL TRADE ---------------------------------------

365
199
166
61

6.81
5.12
6.39
6.39

6.76
6.79
6.60
6.55

6.586.733.766.18-

M A C H IN E- TO OL OPERATORS, T O OL RO OM —
MA NU F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

160
160

6.81
6.81

6.75
6.75

6.59- 5.22
6.59- 5.22

MA CH IN IS TS , MA IN TE NA NC E ------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------------

308
256

6.96
6.90

6.85
6.83

6.76- 5.23
6.75- 6.89

ME CHANICS, AU TO MO TI VE
(MAINTENANCE! ---------------------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -----------------------------

618
125
693
300

5.22
6.96
5.29
5.59

5.08
5.03
5.16
5.92

6.616.726.605.03-

MECHANICS, MAIN TE NA NC E --------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

698
681

6.88
6.88

6.83
6.82

PAINTERS, M A IN TE NA NC E --------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

108
61

6.67
6.66

PI PE FI TT ER S, MA IN TE NA NC E -----------

178

TOOL AND DIE MA KE RS -----------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

300
299

$

*
**

W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:

See footnotes at end o f tables.




$
6.86
6.88
6.70

5.31
5.72
6.85
6.76

5.96
5.35
5.97
5.98

16

2
2
“

3
3
“

12
12

-

16
-

5
5

6
6

5
5

16
16

1
1
1

7
1
6
2

2
2
2

6

15

6
3

1
1

-

-

*

6
6
“

8
8

“
9
9
1

*

“

_
*

-

-

1
1

“

-

5
5

6
“
6
2

5
5
1

7
“
7
2

“

*

_
*

6. 55 - 5.07
6.56- 5.07

_

-

6.52
6.58

3.78- 6.82
6.51- 6.88

_

6.86

6.82
5.32
5.32

5.13- 5.69
5.13- 5.69

13
13

19
17
2

-

3
2

26
22

82
79

62
57

53
53

15
3

9
5
6
3

3
3
2

123
102
21
15

26
10
16
3

13
13

7
7

6
6

11
11

68
68

2
2

-

8
8

*
106

9
9

3
3

2
1
1

“

5

26
26

6
3

32
-

67
65

2
-

9
9
1

21
18
3
-

9
5
6
-

60
60
-

26
18
8
-

6
4
-

11
11

5
5

37
37

1
1

-

2
2

-

85
83

109
109

1
1

77
25

5
5

3
3

2
2

9
9

6
6
-

69
12
57
31

63
16
29
16

76
26
52
32

32
29
3
3

1
1
-

6
6
-

166
10
156
156

*76
76
66

16
16

110
110

2
-

1
“

-

6

-

-

“

-

-

-

~

1
1
“

6
6
-

16
16

-

-

-

-

*

*

18
18
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

.
-

1
1

11
11

1
1

4
6

16
16

23
23

72
72

28
28

61
61

118
111

167
162

77
76

13
11

_

_

_

-

-

_

36

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

2
2

26
26

7
3

10
10

13
11

-

-

78

79

6

17

-

-

_

6
6

-

16
16

28
28

76
76

63
63

50
69

35
35

-

6.76- 6.90

5.38
5.38

35
33
2

7
7

1
1
“

-

1
1

30 at $6 to $6.20; and 44 at $6.20 to $6.40.
14 at $6 to $6.20; 13 at $6.20 to $6.40; 1 at $6.40 to $6.60; 3 at $6.60 to $6.80; and 4 at $6.80 to $7.

-

106
“

*

“

5
-

16 **35
16
35

14
T a b le A - 5 . C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c up atio ns: H o u r ly e a rn in g s
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s b y in d u stry d iv is io n , D e n v e r, C o lo ., D e c e m b e r 1972)

Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings o f—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

t
*
%
*
»
»
$
t
»
S
t
S
*
t
»
S
*
*
»
t
t
*
so 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.20 2 . A0 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.A0 3.60 3. 80 A. 00 A . 20 A. A0 A . 60 A.80 5.00 5.20 5.A0 5.60
Mean *

M edian2

Middle range 2

d
er
70

1.80 1.90 2.00 2.20 2. A0 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3 . A0 3.60 3.80 A . 00 A . 20 A.A0 A . 60 A.80 5.00 5.20 5. A0 5.60 5.80

MEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS

------

2,577

$
2.58

$
2.AA

$
$
2.09- 2.BA

6
16

z
.
K t 1A I L

22

8
8

66
A6
20
1
9

92
71
21
15
5

75
33
A2
A0
“

192
157
35
35
“

31
10
21
16
5

5
—
5
1
A

9
9
7

1
1
1

AO

76
33
A3
A
32

153
2
151

53A
53A

208
10
198

800
28
772

132
1A
118

“

16

1K A U L

93
9
8A
22
53

66
66

A

107

73

1A

“
*

10
10

-

-

-

21
21
21
-

3
3
3
*

-

A76
A76
A76
“

*

-

-

-

”

A
A
A
”

K L 1A i L

A. 17

a T(>5

l:\ l -

5 I7 0

3*2^

3*53

^*tl

3*63

VK A U L

\

^

1
1
1

1
—
1
“
1

2
2
2

A5
A5
A5

A5
—
A5
A0

26
26
26

7A
53
21
9

35
2
33
A

225
33
192
A6

125
A8
77
7
1

215
25
190
A
162

115
28
87
25
26

278
191
87
2
25

319
76
2A3
1
36

137
137
6
19

73
7
66
1
17

~

~

-

1,753
^60

----------------------------------

“

“

“

“

26

8A
12
72

51
51

98
7
91

150
16
13A

168
23
1A5

228
170
58

27
17
10

88
A9
39

635
1A2
A9 3

269
12
257

3
3

36
36
“

56
56
*

_
-

-

26

12
12

*

_
-

—
“

13
13

22
22

23
13
10

2
2
“

69
58

105
6
99

AS
29
16

1A
8
6

40
4
36

12
6
6

2A
2A

1
1

120
120
“

3A
32
2

96
96

*

-

*

*

—
*

-

-

“

-

9
9

IA
1A
9

A7
A7
2

26
19
7
1

36
12
2A
19

57
31
26
2

3A
27
7
7

20
2
18
12

10
1
9
9

17
17
1

*

1
1
1

—

—

—

1

18
18
6

-

NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G

-

_

-

11

_

15

2

11
2
9

50
25
25

2A
12
12

9
1
8

-

3
3

—
“

-

.
—

-

_
—
~

_
-

7
A
3
-

A
A
-

3
3
-

_
-

“

331
331
175
38

AOS
68
3A0
1A2
198

—
—
*

5
5
*

967
—
967
967
“

6
6

2A

—

2
2

*

~

60
60

“

317

3 ” 0?

K c 1A I L

1K A U L

130

K C 1A . w

5*7’
5*13

3 5^

3

3 ^0

3*17

3*07

3*61
3 77

,

„

7

, ,

1 •* A U L

3*64“ 5*18
_

???

tt2

”
“
"

TRUCKD RI VE RS , LIGHT (UNDER

562

“

9

20
20
9

11

_

-

11
2

2

15

2

36
2
3A

16
5
11
5

31
31
A

18
7
11
5

17
10
7

2

31
29
2
1

29
13
16
10

8
8
-

38
3
35
35

121
“
121

115
5
110

176
77
99

2 A5
2
2A3

1A5
27
118

167
3
16A

10

21

2A

25

3

79

170
1A9
21
1

53

160
59
101
3A
9

229
66
163
A
87

260
5
255
116
83

22

55

71
7
6A

173
1
172

1
1

55
55

3

55

8A
5
79

•

5
A
1

5
5
“

16
16

66
“
66

31
“
31

105
70
35

72
1
71

131
1A
117

109
109

72
8
6A
31
9

10A
8A
20
—
*

79
13
66
A
6

136
136
112
2A

163

33
33
3

13

95
80

50
A9

78

*
-

29 *
i ai

’ *07
3*65

»T o
gg

3*16

“

*

11

•

*

11

-

-

_

-

_

-

2

*

*

•

-

”

”

-

"

“
“

31
31

32
—
32

*

“

”

12

-

-

_
-

31
31

‘

‘

‘

"

-

-

.
-

-

TR UC KDRIVERS, M E OI UM (1-1/2 TO
~
“

-

“

22
10
10

2

5*15
™ C1A I L

1K A U C

"

‘

"

"

-

-

18

21

25

53

TR UC KD RI VE RS , HE AV Y (OVER A TONS,
-

See fo o tn o te s at




id o f tab les.

“

-

-

3

79

1

3
-

-

3

-

-

255
57
198
165

20

*

—

163
163
*

21

175
175
175
*

22
22

2A
*

AA
AA
-

3A0
3A0
1A2

360
360
—

_
—

_
—
-

-

—

2
2

502

-

-

•

—
*

502
502
*

-

-

1
-

—

A05
A05
A05

15
T a b le A -5 . Custodial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations: H ourly earnings— Continued
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, Denver, C olo., December 1972)
Hourly earnings ^

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

S
S
t
S
$
*
$
$
(
S
*
S
s
%
S
%
$
*
s
S
*
*
%
1*60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60

Number
of
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

an d
under

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80

HEN - CONT IN UE D
TR UC KD RI VE RS - CO NTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY {OVER 4 TONS,
Of MC R THAW THAI LCR TV HE I

$

1VlUv^LKwv ■
IrUnnLlv 1 V
RANUl Aw 1UK Iifc
T
3 92

SI 1 A L 1R AUL
R

$
5.11

$
$
4.48- 5.16

52

AA
e
_

24

19

10

34

14

80

8

? 26

3*5C

2?9l

2.56- 3.12

64
64

10

on
BO

192

1T0

WOMEN
56
220

See footnotes at end of tables.




2.80

360

MO NH AN UF AC TU RI MG

to

17

19

66

45

15

16

F o o tn o te s

1 Standard hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r which em p loyees r e c e i v e th eir regu la r s tr a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e
at re g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a t e s ), and the earnings co rre s p o n d to these w e e k ly hours.
The median
2 The mean is computed fo r each jo b by totaling the earnings of a ll w o r k e r s and dividing by the number o f w o r k e r s ,
The m iddle
designates position— half of the e m p lo y e e s su rveyed r e c e i v e m o r e than the rate shown; half r e c e i v e le s s than the rate shown,
range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w o r k e r s earn less than the lo w e r o f these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the higher rate.
3 E xcludes p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c r ip t i o n s
T h e p r i m a r y pu rp os e of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's w a g e surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations w o r k e r s w h o are e m p l o y e d under a variety of payroll titles and different w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m establishment to establishment and
f r o m area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational w a g e rates representing c o m p a r a b l e job content. B e c a u s e of this e m p h a s i s on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions m a y differ significantly f r o m thost :n use in
individual establishments or those prep ar ed for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary wo rkers.

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N T I N G — Continued

BILLER, M A C H I N E

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

P r e p a r e s statements, bills, and invoices on a m a c h i n e other than an ordinary or electroma ti c typewriter. M a y also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or p e r f o r m other
clerical w o r k incidental to billing operations. F o r w a g e study purposes, billers, mach in e, are
classified b y type of m a ch in e, as follows:

Class A . U n d e r general supervision, p e r f o r m s accounting clerical operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for e xample, clerically processing c o m ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting a m o n g a substantial variety of
prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. M a y be assisted by one or m o r e
class B accounting clerks.

Biller, m a c h i n e (billing m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a special billing m a c h i n e (combination typing
and adding ma chine) to pr ep ar e bills and invoices f r o m customers' pu rchase orders, inter­
nally pr ep a r e d orders, shipping m e m o r a n d u m s , etc. Usually involves application of p r e ­
determined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, wh ic h m a y or
m a y not be c o m p u t e d on the billing ma chine, and totals w hich are automatically ac cumulated
by ma chine. T h e operation usually involves a large n u m b e r of carbon copies of the bill being
p r ep ar ed and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, m a c h i n e (bookkeeping m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a bookkeeping m a c h i n e (with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable o p e r a ­
tion. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. T h e
m a c h i n e automatically accumulates figures o n a n u m b e r of vertical c o l u m n s and co mp u t e s
and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. D o e s not involve a k n o w l ­
edge of bookkeeping. W o r k s f r o m un if or m and standard types of sales and credit slips.

Class B . U n d e r close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized p r o ­
cedures, p e r f o r m s one or m o r e routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to
ledgers, cards, or wo rksheets w h e r e identification of items and locations of postings are
clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding d o c u m e n t s using a 'ew prescribed accounting codes.
CLERK,

Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. M a y p e r f o r m
clerical an d m a n u a l tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the
basis of the following definitions.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping m a c h i n e (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record
of business transactions.
Class A. K e e p s a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure of the particular accounting s y st em
used. D e t e rm in es proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. M a y prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
Class B. K e e p s a record of one or m o r e phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Ph a s e s or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. M a y check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, AC COUNTING
Perfornjs one or m o r e accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathem at ic al
accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing simple or assisting in preparing m o r e complicated journal vouchers. M a y w o r k
in either a m a n u a l or au tomated accounting system.
T h e w o r k requires a know le dg e of clerical m e t h o d s and office practices and procedures
which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information.
With experience, the w o r k e r typically b e c o m e s familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting t e r m s
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a kn ow le dg e of the formal
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE:

FILE

Class A . Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, tech­
nical do cu me nt s, etc., in an established filing sy s t e m containing a n u m b e r of varied subject
ma tt er files. M a y also file this material. M a y keep records of various types in conjunction
with the files. M a y lead a small group of lower level file clerks.
Class B . Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) h e a d ­
ings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Pr ep a r e s simple related index and
cross-reference aids. A s requested, locates clearly identified material in files and for­
w a r d s material. M a y p e r f o r m related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.
Class C . P e r f o r m s routine filing of material that has already be en classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification s y s t e m (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or numerical). A s requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards m a ­
terial; and m a y fill out withdrawal charge. M a y p e r f o r m simple clerical and m a n u a l tasks
required to maintain and service files.
CLERK, OR DE R
Receives customers' orders for material or m e r c h a n d i s e by mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve a ny combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; m a k i n g out an order
sheet listing the items to m a k e u p the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective de partments to be filled. M a y check with credit
depart me nt to de termine credit rating of customer, ac knowledge receipt of orders f r o m customers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled, ke e p file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s of c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and enters the nece ss ar y data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating wo rkers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as wo rker's n a m e , working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w a g e s due. M a y m a k e out paychecks and
assist p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g u p and distributing pay envelopes. M a y use a calculating ma chine.

Th e B u r e a u has discontinued collecting data for c o m p t o m e t e r operators.

17

18
S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keyp un ch m a c h i n e to re co rd or verify alphabetic and/or n u m e r i c
tabulating cards or o n tape.

data on

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . W o r k requires the application of experience an d ju dgment in selecting p r o c e ­
dures to be followed an d in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be
ke yp un ch ed f r o m a variety of source documents. O n occasion m a y also p e r f o r m s o m e routine
keyp un ch work.
M a y train inexperienced k e yp un ch operators.

N O T E : T h e t e r m "corporate officer, " used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials w h o have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to m a j o r
c o m p a n y activities. T h e title "vice president," though no rmally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents w h o s e p r i m a r y responsibility is to act p e r ­
sonally o n individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or de ny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be
"corporate officers" for pu rposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
1. Secretary to the c h a i r m a n of the bo ar d or president of a c o m p a n y that employs, in
all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; or

Class B . W o r k is routine an d repetitive. U n d e r close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, w o r k s f r o m various standardized source d o c u m e n t s wh i c h have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor
p r o b l e m s arising f r o m erroneous items or codes or mi ss in g information.

2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the c h a i r m a n of the board or president)
of a c o m p a n y that employs, in all, ov er 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; or
3. Secretary to the head, i m me di at el y be l o w the corporate officer level, of a m a j o r
s e g m e n t or subsidiary of a c o m p a n y that em ploys, in all, over 25,000 p e r s o n s .
Class B

M E S S E N G E R (Office B o y or Girl)
P e r f o r m s various routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , operating m i n o r office m a ­
chines such as sealers or m a i l e r s , opening an d distributing mail, and other m i n o r clerical work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m o t o r vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
Assi gn ed as personal secretary, n o rm al ly to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day w o r k of the supervisor. W o r k s fairly independently re­
ceiving a m i n i m u m of detailed supervision and guidance. P e r f o r m s varied clerical an d secretarial
duties, usually including m o s t of the following:
a. Receives telephone calls, personal callers, an d in coming mail, a n s w e r s
inquires, and routes technical inquiries to the proper persons;
b.

Relays m e s s a g e s f r o m supervisor to subordinates;

3. Secretary to the head, i m me di at el y be l o w the officer level, over either a m a j o r
co rpo rate -wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial rela­
tions, etc.) or a m a j o r geographic or organizational s e g m e n t (e.g., a regional headquarters;
a m a j o r division) of a c o m p a n y that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
e m p l o y e e s ; or
4. Secretary to the h e a d of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 p e r s o n s ; or
5. Secretary to the he ad of a large and important organizational s e g m e n t (e.g., a middle
m a n a g e m e n t supervisor of an organizational s e g m e n t often involving as m a n y as several
hu nd re d persons) or a c o m p a n y that employs, in all, over 25,000 p e r s o n s .

Maintains the supervisor's calendar an d m a k e s appointments as instructed;

d.

2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the c h a i r m a n of the bo ar d or president)
of a c o m p a n y that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e r s o n s : or

Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files;

c.

routine

1. Secretary to the c h a i r m a n of the bo ar d or president of a c o m p a n y that employs, in
all, fewer than 100 p e r s o n s ; or

Class C

e. R e v i e w s correspondence, m e m o r a n d u m s , and reports prep ar ed by others for the
supervisor's signature to assure procedural an d typographic accuracy;
f.

1. Secretary to an executive or ma na ge ri al pe rs on w h o s e responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but w h o s e organizational
unit norm al ly n u m b e r s at least several dozen em p l o y e e s and is usually divided into organiza­
tional se gm e n t s which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In s o m e companies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
2. Secretary to the he a d of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 p e r s o n s .

P e r f o r m s stenographic an d typing work.

M a y also p e r f o r m other clerical and secretarial tasks of c o m p ar ab le nature an d difficulty.
T h e w o r k typically requires know le dg e of office routine an d understanding of the organization,
p r o g r a m s , an d procedures related to the w o r k of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above characteristics. E x a m p l e s
of positions wh i c h are excluded f r o m the definition are as follows:

Class D
1. Secretary to the supervisor or he ad of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons); or
2. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administra­
tive officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. ( N O T E :
M a n y co m p a n i e s assign
stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER

a.

Positions wh i c h do not m e e t

the "personal"

secretary concept described above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial type duties;

c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or
ma na ge ri al persons;
d. Secretary positions in wh ic h the duties are either substantially m o r e routine or
substantially m o r e c o m p l e x and responsible than those characterized in the definition;

P r i m a r y duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. M a y
also type f r o m written copy. M a y operate f r o m a stenographic pool. M a y occasionally transcribe
f r o m voice recordings (if p r i m a r y duty is transcribing f r o m recordings, see Tr an sc ribing-Machine
Operator, General).
N O T E : This job is distinguished f r o m that of a secretary in that a secretary norm al ly
w o r k s in a confidential relationship with only one m a n a g e r or executive and p e r f o r m s m o r e
responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.
Stenographer, General

e. Assistant type positions which involve m o r e difficult or m o r e responsible tech­
nical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of
secretarial work.




Dictation involves a n o r m a l routine vocabulary. M a y maintain files, ke ep simple records,
or p e r f o r m other relatively routine clerical tasks.

19
S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u ed

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R (E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )----C on tin u ed

Stenographer, Senior

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs
or reports on scientific research. M a y also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
P e r f o r m s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and re spon­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: W o r k requires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough wo rk in g knowledge of general business
and office procedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, p r o c e ­
dures, files, workflow, etc. U s e s this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and
responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining followup files; assembling material for reports,
m e m o r a n d u m s , and letters; c o m p o s i n g simple letters f r o m general instructions; reading and
routing in coming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. P e r f o r m s full telephone information service or handles
c o m p l e x calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine w o r k as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time
assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs w h e n the establishment has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent p r o b l e m s as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. M a y handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
M a y p e r f o r m limited telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension n u m b e r s w h e n
specific n a m e s are furnished, or if c o m p l e x calls are referred to another operator.)
T h e s e classifications do not include switchboard operators in telephone c o mp an ie s w h o
assist c u st om er s in placing calls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position or monitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and m a y also type or p e r f o r m routine clerical w o r k as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerical w o r k m a y take the m a j o r part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

(Electric Accounting M a c h i n e Operator)

Operates one or a variety of m a c h i n e s such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, inter­
preter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded f r o m this definition are working supervisors.
Also excluded are operators of electronic digital computers, even though they m a y also operate
E A M equipment.

Class A . P e r f o r m s complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. A s si gn me nt s typically involve a
variety of long and c o m p l e x reports which often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring
s o m e planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training n e w operators in m a c h i n e operations or training
lower level operators in wiring f r o m d i ag ra ms and in the operating sequences of long and
c o m p l e x reports. Do e s not include positions in which wiring responsibility is limited to
selection and insertion of prewired boards.
Class B . P e r f o r m s w o r k according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. A s si gn me nt s typically involve complete but routine an d recurring reports or parts
of larger and m o r e c o m p l e x reports. Operates m o r e difficult tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting m a c h i n e s such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the simpler ma ch i n e s
used by class C operators. M a y be required to do s o m e wiring f r o m diagrams. M a y train
n e w e m p l o y e e s in basic m a c h i n e operations.
Class C . U n d e r specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
m a c h i n e s such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. As si gn me nt s
typically involve portions of a w o r k unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. M a y p e r f o r m simple wiring f r o m diagrams, and do s o m e filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y duty is to transcribe dictation involving a n o r m a l routine vocabulary f r o m
transcribing-machine records. M a y also type f r o m written copy and do simple clerical work.
W o r k e r s transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A w o r k e r w h o takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar m a c h i n e is classified as a stenographer.
TYPIST
U s e s a typewriter to m a k e copies of various materials or to m a k e out bills after calcula­
tions have been m a d e by another person. M a y include typing of stencils, mats, or similar m a t e ­
rials for use in duplicating processes. M a y do clerical w o r k involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . P e r f o r m s one or m o r e of the following: Typing material in final f o r m w h e n
it involves combining material f r o m several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual w o r d s or foreign language m a t e ­
rial; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. M a y type routine f o r m letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B . P e r f o r m s one or m o r e of the following: C o p y typing f r o m rough or clear
drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting u p simple standard
tabulations; or copying m o r e c o m p l e x tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER

COMPUTER

OPERATOR

Monitors and operates the control console of a digital c o m p u t e r to process data according
to operating instructions, usually pr epared by a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k includes m o s t of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches nece ss ar y auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts
and operates computer; m a k e s adjustments to c o m p u t e r to correct operating p r o b l e m s and m e e t
special conditions; reviews errors m a d e during operation and determines cause or refers p r o b l e m
to supervisor or p r og ra me r; and maintains operating records. M a y test and assist in correcting
program.
F o r w a g e study purposes,

c o m p u t e r operators are classified as follows:

Class A. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a c o m p u t e r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t of the following characteristics:
N e w p r o g r a m s are frequently tested
and introduced: scheduling requirements are of critical importance to m i n i m i z e downtime;
the p r o g r a m s are of c o m p l e x design so that identification of error source often requires a
working knowledge of the total p r o g r a m , and alternate p r o g r a m s m a y not be available. M a y
give direction and guidance to lower level operators.
Class B . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a c o m p u t e r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t of the following characteristics: M o s t of the p r o g r a m s are established
production runs, typically run o n a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing




O P E R A T O R — Continued

of n e w p r o g r a m s required; alternate p r o g r a m s are provided in case original p r o g r a m needs
m a j o r change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable time. In c o m m o n error situa­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
p r o g r a m e d corrective steps, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
Operates under direct supervision a c o m p u t e r running p r o g r a m s or segments of p r o g r a m s
with the characteristics described for class A. M a y assist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations performed.
Class C . W o r k s on routine p r o g r a m s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working kn owledge of the c o m p u t e r equipment us ed and ability to detect p r ob le ms involved in
running routine p r o g r a m s . Usually has received s o m e formal training in comp ut er operation.
M a y assist higher level operator on c o m p l e x p r og ra ms .
COMPUTER

PROGRAMER,

BUSINESS

Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the p r o b l e m s by automatic data
processing equipment. Wo rk in g f r o m charts or diagrams, the p r o g r a m e r develops the precise in­
structions which, w h e n entered into the c o m p u t e r sy s t e m in coded language, cause the manipulation

20
COM PUTER

PRO G RAM ER,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u e d

of data to achieve desired results. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Applies knowledge of
c o m p u t e r capabilities, m a t h em at ic s, logic e m p l o y e d by co mp ut er s, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and d i a g r a m s of the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m e d ; develops sequence
of p r o g r a m steps; writes detailed flow charts to s h o w order in which data will be processed;
converts these charts to coded instructions for m a c h i n e to follow; tests and corrects p r og ra ms :
prep ar es instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters
p r o g r a m s to increase operating efficiency or adapt to n e w requirements; maintains records of
p r o g r a m de ve lo pm en t and revisions. ( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e rf or mi ng both s y st em s analysis and p r o ­
g r a m i n g should be classified as sy st em s analysts if this is the skill used to dete rm in e their pay.)
D o e s not include e m p l o y e e s primarily responsible for the m a n a g e m e n t or supervision of
other electronic data processing employees, or p r o g r a m e r s primarily concerned with scientific
an d/ or engineering problems.
F o r w a g e study purposes, p r o g r a m e r s are classified as follows:
Class A . W o r k s independently or under only general direction on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s which
require c o m p e t e n c e in all phases of p r o g r a m i n g concepts and practices. W o r k i n g f r o m dia­
g r a m s and charts wh ic h identify the nature of desired results, m a j o r processing steps to be
accomplished, and the relationships be tw ee n various steps of the p r o b l e m solving routine;
plans the full range of p r o g r a m i n g actions ne ed ed to efficiently utilize the c o m p u t e r s y st em
in achieving desired end products.
At this level, p r o g r a m i n g is difficult because c o m p u t e r equipment m u s t be organized to
pr od uc e several interrelated but diverse products f r o m n u m e r o u s and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive n u m b e r of internal processing actions m u s t occur. This requires
such actions as d e ve lo pm en t of c o m m o n operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points be tw ee n operations, adjustments to data w h e n p r o g r a m requirements exceed
c o m p u t e r storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to f o r m a highly integrated p r o g r a m .
M a y provide functional direction to lower level p r o g r a m e r s w h o are assigned to assist.
Class B . W o r k s independently or under only general direction on relatively simple
*
p r o g r a m s , or on simple s e g m e n t s of c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (or segments) usually
pr oc es s information to pr od uc e data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports
and listings are prod uc ed by refining, adapting, arraying, or m a k i n g m i n o r additions to or
deletions f r o m input data which are readily available.
While n u m e r o u s records m a y be
processed, the data have be en refined in prior actions so that the ac curacy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a fe w routine checks.
Typically, the p r o g r a m deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level p r o g r a m e r or supervisor. M a y assist higher level p r o g r a m e r by independently p e r ­
fo rm in g less difficult tasks assigned, and p e rf or mi ng m o r e difficult tasks un de r fairly close
direction.
M a y guide or instruct lower level p r o g r a m e r s .
Class C . M a k e s practical applications of p r o g r a m i n g practices and concepts usually
learned in fo rm al training courses. A s s i g n m e n t s are designed to develop c o m p e t e n c e in the
application of standard proced ur es to routine problems. Re ceives close supervision on n e w
aspects of assignments; and w o r k is reviewed to verify its accu ra cy and c o n f o r m a n c e with
required procedures.
COMPUTER

SYSTEMS ANALYST,

BUSINESS

An alyzes business p r o b l e m s to formulate p r ocedures for solving t h e m by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a co mplete description of all specifications needed to enable
p r o g r a m e r s to pr ep ar e required digital c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k involves m o s t of the following:
An alyzes subject-matter operations to be auto ma te d and identifies conditions and criteria required
to achieve satisfactory results; specifies n u m b e r and types of records, files, and d o c u m e n t s to
be used; outlines actions to be p e r f o r m e d by personnel and c o m p u t e r s in sufficient detail for
presentation to m a n a g e m e n t and for p r o g r a m i n g (typically this involves preparation of w o r k and
data flow charts); coordinates the d e ve lo pm en t of test p r o b l e m s and participates in trial runs of
n e w and revised systems; and r e c o m m e n d s eq uipment changes to obtain m o r e effective overall
operations. ( N O T E : W o r k e r s perf or mi ng both s y s t e m s analysis and p r o g r a m i n g should be clas­
sified as s y s t e m s analysts if this is the skill used to de te rm in e their pay.)
D o e s not include e m p l o y e e s primarily responsible for the m a n a g e m e n t or supervision
of other electronic data processing empl oy ee s, or s y st em s analysts primarily co nc er ne d with
scientific or engineering problems.
F o r w a g e study purposes,

s y s t e m s analysts are classified as follows:

Class A.
W o r k s independently or under only general direction on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s in­
volving all phases of sy s t e m s analysis. P r o b l e m s are c o m p l e x because of diverse sources of
input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which




CO M PUTER

SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u ed

every item of each type is automatically processed through the full s y s t e m of records and
appropriate followup actions are initiated b y the computer.) Confe s with persons conc er ne d to
determine the data processing p r o b l e m s and advises subject-matter personnel on the implica­
tions of n e w or revised s y s t e m s of data processing operations. M a k e s re co m m e n d a t i o n s , if
needed, for approval of m a j o r s y s t e m s installations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
M a y provide functional direction to lower
assist.

level s y st em s analysts w h o are assigned to

Class B . W o r k s independently or under only general direction on p r o b l e m s that are
relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, p r o g r a m , and operate. P r o b l e m s are of limited
complexity be ca us e sources of input data are h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data are closely
related. (For example, develops s y st em s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons co ncerned to determine
the data processing p r o b l e m s and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the
data processing s y s t e m s to be applied.
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t of a c o m p l e x data processing s c h e m e or system, as described for
class A. W o r k s independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance
on c o m p l e x assignments. W o r k is reviewed for accu ra cy of judgment, compliance with in­
structions, and to insure pr op er alinement with the overall system.
Class C . W o r k s u nder i m m e d i a t e supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. A s s i g n m e n t s are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedures and skills required for s y st em s analysis work. F o r example,
m a y assist a higher level s y s t e m s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by p r o g r a m e r s f r o m information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of c o m p l e x items having distinctive design
features that differ significantly f r o m established drafting precedents. W o r k s in close su p ­
port with the design originator, and m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form, function, and positional relationships of c o m ­
ponents and parts.
W o r k s with a m i n i m u m of supervisory assistance. C o m p l e t e d w o r k is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations.
May
either pr ep ar e drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B . P e r f o r m s nonroutine and c o m p l e x drafting as signments that require the appli­
cation of m o s t of the standardized dr aw in g techniques regularly used.
Duties typically in­
volve such w o r k as: P r e p a r e s wo rk in g dr awings of su bassemblies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships b e tw ee n co mponents; prepares archi­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail dr awings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, an d roof. U s e s accepted formulas and m a n u a l s in m a k i n g necessary
computations to de termine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements, and advice f r o m supervisor.
C o m p l e t e d w o r k is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C . P r e p a r e s detail dr awings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. T y p e s of drawings prep ar ed include isometric projections
(depicting three di mensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
c o m p o n e n t s and co nv ey ne ed ed information. Consolidates details f r o m a n u m b e r of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested m e t h o d s of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions
are less complete w h e n assignments recur.
W o r k m a y be spot-checked during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings p r ep ar ed by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pe n or pencil. (Does not include tracing limited to plans primarily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s simple or repetitive dr awings of easily visualized items.
during progress.

W o r k is closely supervised

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN
W o r k s on various types of electronic eq uipment or s y st em s by pe rf or mi ng one or m o r e
of the following operations: Modifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. T h e s e operations
require the p e r f o r m a n c e of m o s t or all of the following tasks: Assembling, testing, adjusting,
calibrating, tuning, and alining.
W o r k is nonrepetitive and requires a knowledge of the theory and practice of electronics
pertaining to the use of general and specialized electronic test equipment; trouble analysis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic systems, subsystems, and circuits having
a variety of c o m p o n e n t parts.

21
E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N — Continued

N U R S E , I N D U S T R I A L (Registered)

Electronic equipment or s y st em s w o r k e d on typically include one or m o r e of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio co mm u n i c a t i o n s systems, relay systems, navigation aids;
airborne or ground radar systems; radio and television transmitting or recording systems; elec­
tronic computers; missile and spacecraft guidance and control systems; industrial and medical
me asuring, indicating and controlling devices; etc.

A registered nu rs e w h o gives nursing service under general m e d i c a l direction to ill or
injured e m p l o y e e s or other persons w h o b e c o m e ill or suffer an accident on the p r e m i s e s of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compen sa ti on or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations a n d health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning an d ca rr y­
ing out p r o g r a m s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors
or he ad nurses in establishments employing m o r e than one nurse are excluded.

(Exclude production a s s e m b l e r s and testers, craftsmen, draftsmen, designers, engineers,
and r e p a i r m e n of such standard electronic eq uipment as office machines, radio and television
receiving sets.)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER,

MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, M A I N T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s the carpentry duties nece ss ar y to construct and maintain in good repair build­
ing w o o d w o r k and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors,
stairs, casings, and t r i m m a d e of w o o d in an establishment. W o r k involves m o s t of the following:
Planning and laying out of w o r k f r o m blueprints, drawings, mo de ls , or verbal instructions; using a
variety of carpenter's handtools, portable p o w e r tools, and standard m e a s u r i n g instruments; m a k ­
ing standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; an d selecting materials nece ss ar y
for the work.
In general, the w o r k of the ma in te na nc e carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a fo rm al apprenticeship or equivalent training an d experience.
ELECTRICIAN, M A I N T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or
repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an estab­
lishment. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of elec­
trical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, controllers, circuit b r e a k e r s ,
motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; wo rk in g f r o m blue­
prints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
s y s t e m or equipment; wo rk in g standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or
electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and m e a s u r i n g and testing
instruments. In general, the w o r k of the main te na nc e electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, ST ATIONARY
Operates and maintains and m a y also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in which e m p l o y e d with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. W o r k involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as s t e a m engines, air co mp re s s o r s , generators, mo to rs , turbines, ventilating and refrig­
erating equipment, s t e a m boilers and boiler-fed water p u m p s ; m a k i n g equi pm en t repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of ma chinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. M a y also s u ­
pervise these operations. H e a d or chief engineers in establishments employing m o r e than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY

BOILER

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in wh i c h e m p l o y e d with heat, power,
or steam. Fe e d s fuels to fire by ha n d or operates a m e ch an ic al stoker, gas, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety valves. M a y clean, oil, or assist in repairing b o i l er ro om equipment.
HELPER,

MAINTENANCE

TRADES

Assists one or m o r e w o r k e r s in the skilled ma in te na nc e trades, by perfor mi ng specific
or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a w o r k e r supplied with materials and tools;
cleaning wo rk in g area, machine, and equipment; assisting j o u r n e y m a n by holding materials or
tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed b y journeyman.
T h e kind of w o r k the
helper is permitted to p e r f o r m varies f r o m trade to trade: In s o m e trades the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others
he is permitted to p e r f o r m specialized m a c h i n e operations, or parts of a trade that are also
p e r f o r m e d by w o r k e r s on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or m o r e types of m a c h i n e tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling machines, in the construction of
m a c h i n e - s h o p tools, gages, jigs, fixtures, or dies. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Planning
and performing difficult mach in in g operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision m e a s u r i n g instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and m a k i n g n e ce ss ar y adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
M a y be required to recognize w h e n tools need
dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. F o r
cross-industry w a g e study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded f r o m this classification.




P r o d u c e s re pl ac em en t parts and n e w parts in m a k i n g repairs of me ta l parts of me ch an ic al
equipment operated in an establishment. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Interpreting written
instructions an d specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision m e a s u r i n g instruments; setting up and operating standard m a c h i n e tools;
shaping of me t a l parts to close tolerances; m a k i n g standard shop computations relating to d i m e n ­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; kn owledge of the wo rk in g properties of
the c o m m o n metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equi pm en t required for his work;
and fitting an d as se mb li ng parts into me ch a n i c a l equipment. In general, the machinist's w o r k
no rm a l l y requires a rounded training in m a c h i n e - s h o p practice usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AU T O M O T I V E

(Maintenance)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. W o r k in­
volves m o s t of the following: E x a m i n i n g automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dis­
assembling e q uipment and perfor mi ng repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized eq uipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or
defective parts f r o m stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reasse mb li ng and installing the various
assemblies in the vehicle and m a k i n g n e ce ss ar y adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening bo dy bolts. In general, the w o r k of the automotive m e c h a n i c requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a fo rm al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This classification does not include m e c h a n i c s w h o repair customers' vehicles in auto­
mo bi le repair shops.
MECHANIC, MA I N T E N A N C E
Repairs m a c h i n e r y or me ch a n i c a l eq uipment of an establishment. W o r k involves m o s t
of the following: E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e ch an ic al equi pm en t to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling m a c h i n e s and pe rf or mi ng repairs that m a i n l y involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing br ok en or defective parts with items obtained
f r o m stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a m a c h i n e shop or sending of the
m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e shop for m a j o r repairs; preparing written specifications for m a j o r repairs
or for the production of parts ordered f r o m m a c h i n e shop; reassembling machines; and m a k i n g
all n e ce ss ar y adjustments for operation. In general, the w o r k of a ma in te na nc e m e c h a n i c requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a fo rm al apprenticeship or equivalent
training an d experience. E x cl ud ed f r o m this classification are w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs n e w m a c h i n e s or he av y equipment, and dismantles an d installs m a c h i n e s or heavy
eq uipment w h e n changes in the plant layout are required. W o r k involves m o s t of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; m a k i n g standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of
materials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and jpnaintaining in go od order p o w e r transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright's w o r k norm al ly requires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a f o rm al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PAINTER, M A I N T E N A N C E
Paints a nd redecorates walls, w o o d w o r k , and fixtures of an establishment. W o r k involves
the following: K n o w l e d g e of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing surface for painting by r e m o v i n g old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail

22
P A IN T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L

M A IN T E N A N C E — C on tin u ed

holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. M a y m i x colors, oils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the w o r k of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, M A I N T E N A N C E
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Laying out of w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to locate
position of pipe f r o m drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and h a m m e r or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; m a k i n g standard shop computations relating to
pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and m a k i n g standard tests to determine whether fin­
ished pipes m e e t specifications. In general, the w o r k of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W o r k e r s primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating sy st em s are excluded.
SHEET-METAL

WORKER,

MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures
(such as m a c h i n e guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal
roofing) of an establishment. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Planning and laying out all

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C on tin u ed

types of sheet-metal ma in te na nc e w o r k f r o m blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting
up and operating all available types of sheet-metal working machines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the w o r k of the ma intenance sheet-metal w o r k e r requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
TOOL AND

DIE M A K E R

Constructs and repairs m a c h i n e - s h o p tools, gages, jigs, fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other me ta l- fo rm in g work.
W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Planning and
laying out of w o r k f r o m models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die m a k e r ' s handtools and precision m e a s u r i n g instruments; u n d e r ­
standing of the working properties of c o m m o n metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
m a c h i n e tools and related equipment; m a k i n g ne cessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of me ta l parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; wo rk in g to close tolerances;
fitting and as sembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die m a k e r ' s w o r k requires a rounded
training in m a c h i n e - s h o p and tool ro om practice usually acquired through a fo rm al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
F o r cross-industry w a g e study purposes, tool and
shops are excluded f r o m this classification.

die m a k e r s in tool and die jobbing

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND

SHIPPING A N D

WATCHMAN

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order,
using a r m s or force w h e r e necessary. Includes g a t e m e n w h o are stationed at gate and check
on identity of e m pl oy ee s and other persons entering.
W a t c h m a n . M a k e s rounds of p r e m i s e s periodically in protecting property against fire,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR,

PORTER, OR

CLEANER

RECEIVING C L E R K

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e for shipment, or receives and is responsible for in coming ship­
m e n t s of m e r c h a n d i s e or other materials. Shipping w o r k involves: A know le dg e of shipping p r o ­
cedures, practices, routes, available m e a n s of transportation, and rates; and preparing records
of the goods shipped, m a k i n g up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping
a file of shipping records. M a y direct or assist in preparing the m e r c h a n d i s e for shipment.
Receiving w o r k involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments
against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting d a m ­
aged goods; routing m e r c h a n d i s e or materials to proper departments; and maintaining nece ss ar y
records and files.

Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and w a s h r o o m s , or
p r e m i s e s of an office, apartment house, or c o m m e r c i a l or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, m o p p i n g or scrubbing, and polishing floors; r e m o v i n g
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing me ta l fix­
tures or trimmings; providing supplies and m i n o r ma intenance services; and cleaning lavatories,
showers, and restrooms. W o r k e r s w h o specialize in w i n d o w washing are excluded.

F o r w a g e study purposes,

w o r k e r s are classified as follows;

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

LABORER, MA T E R I A L

HANDLING

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
w h o s e dutips involve one or m o r e of the following: Loading and unloading various materials and
m e r c h a n d i s e on or f r o m freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or m e r c h a n d i s e in proper storage location; and transporting materials or
m e r c h a n d i s e by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o load an d unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER

FILLER

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods f r o m stored m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slips, customers' orders, or other instructions. Ma y , in addition
to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, ke ep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and p e r f o r m other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, mercha nd is e,
equipment, or m e n between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or be tw ee n retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. M a y also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
m a k e m i n o r me ch an ic al repairs, and ke ep truck in good wo rk in g order.
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.

follows:

F o r w a g e study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size an d type of equipment, as
(Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under lVz tons)
m e d i u m (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
he a v y (over 4 tons, trailer type)
he av y (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

P A C K E R , SHIPPING
TRUCKER, P O W E R
Pr ep a r e s finished products for shipment or storage by placing t h e m in shipping c o n ­
tainers, the specific operations p e r f o r m e d being dependent upon the type, size, an d n u m b e r
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and m e t h o d of shipment. W o r k requires
the placing of items in shipping containeVs and m a y involve one or m o r e of the following:
K n ow le dg e of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or d a m a g e ; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container.
P a ck er s w h o also m a k e w o o d e n boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a m a nu al ly controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport
goods and materials of all kinds about a wa rehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
F o r w a g e study purposes,

w o r k e r s are classified by type of truck, as follows:

Trucker, p o w e r (forklift)
Trucker, p o w e r (other than forklift)

A vailab le O n

R e q u e s t -----

The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
will be available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover.
Alamogordo—
Las Cruces, N. Mex.
Ala ska
Albany, Ga.
A m a rillo , Tex.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.— C.
S.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Biloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, Miss.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—
Urbana, 111.
Charleston, S.C.
C la rksville, Tenn., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga—Ala.
Corpus Christi, Tex.
Crane, Ind.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth—
Superior , Minn—Wis.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene—
Springfield, Oreg.
Fargo—
Moorhead, N. Dak—Minn.
Fayetteville, N. C.
Fitchburg— o m in s te r, Mass.
Le
F rederic k—
Hagerstown, M d . - P a —W. Va.
Fresno, Calif.
Grand Forks, N. Dak.
Grand Island—
Hastings, Nebr.
Greenboro—
Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
Harrisburg, Pa.
Knoxville, T enn.

Copies of public releases are or

Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lower Eastern Shore, M d _V'a.
Macon, Ga.
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste.
M arie, Mich.
Melbourne—
Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla.
(Brevard Co.)
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, and Somerset
Cos., N.J.
Mobile, Ala., and Pensacola, Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
Northeastern Maine
Norwich—
Groton—
New London, Conn.
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Simi Valley—
Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Portsmouth, N .H —Maine—
Mass.
FHreblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacramento, Calif.
Santa Barbara—
Santa Maria—Lom poc, Calif.
Sherman—
Denison, Tex.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass .—
Conn.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, A r iz .
Vallejo— airfield —
F
Napa , Calif.
Wilmington, D e l—N.J.—
Md.
Yuma, A r iz .

Reports for the following surveys conducted in the prior year but since discontinued are also available:
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
Asheville, N.C.
Austin, T e x .*
Fort Smith, A r k —Okla.
Great Falls, Mont.
* Expanded to an area wage survey in fiscal year 1973.

Lexington, K y .*
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Wichita Falls, Tex.
See inside back cover.

The twelfth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, and clerical employees. Order as BLS Bulletin 1742, National Survey of Professional, Administrative,
Technical, and Clerical Pay, June 1971, 75 cents a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back c o v e r , or from the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.


# U . S .
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ G O V E R N M E N T
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

P R IN T IN G

O F F IC E :

1 9 7 3 —

7 4 6 - 1 8 9 /6 8




f
c

A re a W a g e S u rveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d irecto ry of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at the
request of the Employment Standards Adm inistration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS
regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402.
A rea
Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady— ro y , N .Y ., M ar. 1972-------------T
Albuquerque, N. M ex ., Mar. 1972 1--------------------------Allentowrr-Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1972 1 —
Atlanta, G a., May 1972 1----------------------------------------Austin, T ex., Dec. 1972 1 (to be surveyed)
B altim ore, M d., Aug. 1972 1 -----------------------------------Beaumont— o rt Arthur—
P
Orange, T ex., May 1972-------Binghamton, N .Y ., July 1972____________________ . ______
_
Birm ingham , A la., Mar. 1972___________________________
B oise City, Idaho, Nov. 1972 1__________________________
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1972 1 _____________________________
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1972 1_______________________________
Burlington, V t., Dec. 1972 1____________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1972 1________________________________
Charleston, W. V a ., Mar. 1972 1 -----------------------------Charlotte, N.C ., Jan. 1972 1 ____________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1972 1 -----------------------Chicago, 111., June 1972------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1972-----------------------Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1972 1----------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1972 1-----------------------------------D allas, T ex., Oct. 1972 1---------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iowar-Ill., Feb. 1972 1—
M
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1972-----_----------------------------------Denver, Colo., Dec. 1972---------------------------------------Des Moines, Iowa, May 1972 1__________________________
D etroit, M ich., Feb. 1972_______________________________
Durham, N.C ., Apr. 1972 1-------------------------------------F o rt Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm
Beach, Fla., Apr. 1972 1--------------------------------------F o rt Worth, T ex., Oct. 1972 1__________________________
Green Bay, W is., July 1972 1----------------------------------G reen ville, S.C., May 1972 ______ ___ __ __ ____________ _
Houston, T e x ., Apr. 1972_________________________ ___ ___
Huntsville, A la ., Feb. 1972 1 ----------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1972 1---------------------------------Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1972_______________________________
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1972---------------------------------Kansas City, Mo.— ans., Sept. 1972-------------------------K
Lawrence— averhill, Mass.— .H ., June 1972 1----------H
N
Lexington, K y ., Nov. 1972 1
_____________________________
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A rk ., July 1972 1-------Los A n geles-Lon g Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden G rove, C alif., M ar. 1972______________________
L o u is v ille , Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1971 1________________________
Lubbock, T ex., Mar. 19721_____________________________
M anchester, N.H., July 1972 1 --------------------------------Memphis, Tenn.— rk ., Nov. 1972---------------------------A
M iam i, F la ., Nov. 1972 1________________________________
Midland and Ode s sa, T ex., J an. 1972 1 --------------------l

Bulletin number
and price
1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1725-87,
1725-77,

40cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
45cents

1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1725-58,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1725-56,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1725-55,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

75cents
30cents
45cents
30cents
50cents
75cents
65cents
50cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
55cents
70cents
35cents
75cents
55cents
75cents
35cents
40cents
40 cents
35cents
40cents
30cents

1725-74,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1775-27,
1725-38,
1775-31,
1775- 17 ,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

35cents
50cents
55cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
55cents
30cents
40cents
50cents
35cents
50cents
55cents

1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
177 5-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1725-37,

45cents
35 cents
35cents
55cents
40cents
55cents
30cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M ilwaukee, W is ., May 1972 1____________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., J an. 1972 1 _______________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich., June 1972 1 -------Newark and J ersey City, N.J., Jan. 1972 1 ----------------New Haven, Conn., J an. 1972 1---------------------------------New Orleans, L a ., J an. 1972____________________________
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 19721
_____________________________
N orfolk— irgin ia Beach—
V
Portsm outh and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va,, Jan. 1972-----------------Oklahoma City, O kla., July 1972------------------------------Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1972--------------------------------Paterson—
Clifton— a ssa ic, N.J., June 1972 1 -------------P
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1971 1 --------------------------Phoenix, A r iz . , June 1972 1______________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., J an. 1972_______________________________
Portland, M aine, Nov. 1972-------------------------------------Portland, O reg.— ash., May 1972 1 _____________________
W
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .,
June 1972 1 _______________________________________________
P rovidence—
WarwickmPawtucket, R.I.— a ss.,
M
May 1972_________________________________________________
R aleigh , N .C ., Aug. 1972----------------------------------------Richmond, V a ., Mar. 1972 1 _____________________________
R iversid e—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, C alif.,
Dec. 1971________________________________________________
Rochester, N .Y . (o ffic e occupations only), July 1972---Rockford, 111., J une 1972 1 _______________________________
St. L ou is, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1972---------------------------------Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1972 1-----------------------------San Antonio, T e x ., May 1972____________________________
San Diego, C a lif., Nov. 1971 1____________________________
San Fran cisco—
Oakland, C alif., Oct. 1971 1 ---------------San Jose, C a lif., Mar. 1972______________________________
Savannah, G a., May 1972*____ __________ __ ____ _______
Sc ranton, P a ., J uly 1972------------------------------------------Seattle—
Eve rett, W ash., J an. 1972_______________________
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Dec. 1971--------------------------------South Bend, Ind., May 1972 1 _____ __ ____ _____________ _
Spokane, Wash., J une 1972 1------------------------------------Syracuse, N .Y ., July 1972---------------------------------------Tampa—
St. P etersb u rg, F la ., Aug. 1972-------------------Toledo, Ohio-M ich., Apr. 1972 1 ------------------------------T rent on, N. J ., Sept. 19 72 1--------------------------------------Utica—Rome, N .Y ., J uly 197 2____________________________
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ., Mar. 1972 1 -------------------W aterbury, Conn., Mar. 1972 1 --------------------------------W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1972------------- --------------------------Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1972 1-------------------------------------W orcester, M a ss., May 1972 1---------------------------------York, P a ., Feb. 1972 1 ___________________________________
Youngstown— arren, Ohio, Nov. 1972-----------------------W

Bulletin number
and price
1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

45 cents
50 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35cents
30 cents
50 cents

1725-42,
1775-6,
1775- 16,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1725-94,
1725-46,
1775-21,
1725-89,

30 cents
45 cents
40 cents
40 cents
50 cents
55 cents
40 cents
40 cents
35 cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
177 5-7,
1725-72,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents

1725-43,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1775-33,
1725-67,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
177 5-10,
1725-47,
1725-3C.
1725-60,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1725-78,
177 5-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1725-53,
1775-26,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1775- 19 ,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
35 cents
45 cents
30 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
45 cents
45 cents
35 cents
55 cents
45 cents
70 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents

FIRST

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

CLASS

M A IL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T IC S
W A S H IN G T O N , D C. 20212
O F F IC IA L B U S I N E S S
P O S T A G E A N D F E E S P A ID

P E N A L T Y F O R P R IV A T E U S E $300

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
LAB-441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
R e g io n I
1603 J F K Federal B u ild in g
G overn m en t Center
Bo ston , M a ss. 02203
P hone: 223-6761 (A rea C o d e 617)
C o n n e ctic u t
M a in e
M a ssa c h u s e tts
N e w H am psh ire
R ho d e Isla n d
Verm ont

R e g io n II
1515 B ro ad w a y
New York, N.Y. 10036
P hone: 971-5405 (A rea C o d e 212)
N ew Jersey
New York
Puerto R ic o
V irgin Isla n d s

R e g io n I II
406 Penn Sq u a re B u ild in g
1317 Filbert St.
Philade lphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area C o d e 215)
Delaw are
D istrict of C o lu m b ia
M arylan d
P e n n sylvan ia
V irgin ia
W e st V irgin ia

R e g io n IV

R e g io n V
8th Floor, 300 South W a c k e r Drive
C h ic a g o , III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area C o d e 312)

R e g io n VI
1100 C o m m e rce St. Rm. 6B 7
D a lla s, Tex. 75202
P hone: 749-3516 (Area C o d e 214)
A rk a n sa s
L o u isia n a
New M e x ico
O k la h o m a
T e xa s

R e g io n s V II an d V I I I

R e g io n s IX an d X

Illin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e so ta
O h io
W isc o n sin




Federal Office B u ild in g
911 W alnut St.
K a n s a s City, M o. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area C o d e 816)
V II
V III
Iow a
C o lo ra d o
K ansas
M on tan a
M isso u ri
North D akota
N e b rask a
Sou th D akota
Utah
W y om in g

Suite 540
1371 P eachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, G a. 30309
P hone: 526-5418 (Area C o d e 404)
A la b a m a
Florida
G e o r g ia
Ken tu cky
M is s is s ip p i
North C a ro lin a
Sou th C a ro lin a
T e n n e sse e

450 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
B o x 36017
S a n Fra n cisco , Calif. 94102
P hone: 556-4678 (Area C o d e 415)
IX
X
A la sk a
A rizon a
Id a h o
C a lifo rn ia
O re go n
H aw aii
W a sh in g to n
N e vad a