View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

0 ay ton & Montgomery Co
Pub Ho Library

The Denver, Colorado, Metropolitan Area
December 1966
'B OULDER
ADAMS
-DENVER
I D enver______

JEFFERSON

Bulletin

No .

ARA PA H OE

1530-32




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey
The Denver, Colorado, Metropolitan Area




D ecem ber 1966

B ulletin No. 15 30 -32
February 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f a nn ua l
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lit a n a re a s is d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a ge p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y ie l d s d e t a ile d data b y s e l e c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r th e
U n ited S ta tes.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in t o (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e a nd l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n is i s s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s tu d ied in to one b u lle tin .
The secon d part presen ts i n fo r ­
m a t i o n w h i c h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d i v i d u a l m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a t o r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a nd the
U n ited S tates.

I n t r o d u c t i o n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a nd w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s -------------------------------------O ccupational ea rn in g s:*
A - 1.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n __________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n and w o m e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b i n e d ____________________________________
A - 4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a nd p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ______________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s -------------------------------------------------------------

E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d i n the
p r o g r a m . I n fo r m a t io n on o c c u p a t io n a l ea rn in g s is c o l l e c t e d
ann ually in e a c h a r e a . In fo r m a tio n on e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s a nd s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s i s o b t a i n e d b i e n ­
n i a l l y i n m o s t o f th e a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
D e n v e r , C o l o . , i n D e c e m b e r 1966.
The Standard M e t r o ­
p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the
B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 6, c o n s i s t s o f A d a m s , A r a p a h o e ,
B o u l d e r , D e n v e r , and J e f f e r s o n C o u n t ie s .
T h i s s tu d y w a s
c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in San F r a n c i s c o ,
C a lif. , M ax D. K o s s o r i s ,
D ire cto r; by Joseph E ckberg,
u n d e r th e d i r e c t i o n o f W i l l i a m P . O ' C o n n o r .
The study
w a s u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f J o h n L . D a na , A s s i s t a n t
R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .




1
3

areas.

* NOTE:
S im ila r tabulations a re a v a ilable f o r oth er
(See in s id e b a c k c o v e r . )

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s a nd s u p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r a c t i c e s in the D e n v e r a r e a i s a l s o
a v a i l a b l e f o r the m a c h i n e r y i n d u s t r i e s ( J u l y 1 9 6 6 ) .
U n io n
s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a v ailable
f o r bu ildin g c o n s t r u c t io n ; printing; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g
e m p l o y e e s ; a nd m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , a nd a l l i e d
occu p ation s.

m

2

3

5
8
9
10
11
13




Area W age Survey----The Denver, Colo., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u rea u of L a b o r S ta tistic s con du cts su rv ey s of o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn ings
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da ta e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W h ere w eek ly hours are
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s ( e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in th at e a r l i e r s tu dy. P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s and to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M ajor
in d u st ry g r o u p s e x clu d e d f r o m th ese studies are g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t i o n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablish m en ts
h a v i n g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n . S e p a r a t e t a b u la t io n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the
b r o a d in d u st r y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t pu blication c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p r e se n te d r e f le c t c o m p o s it e , areaw ide e s t i ­
m ates.
In dustries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s t a f fin g and, th u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pa y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ithin
in divid ual e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O ther p o s s ib le f a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n tr ib ­
ute to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ithin the
s a m e s u r v e y job d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d tha n t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e th an o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d ie d . In c o m b i n i n g the da t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t .
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O ccu pations

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e to t a l in all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r a c ­
tually s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d i e d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s da t a .

and E a rn in g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f th e f o l l o w ­
in g t y p e s : ( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n ­
t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a nd (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t . O c ­
c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m set o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n i n d u t i e s w it h in
th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e l i s t e d a nd d e ­
s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s da ta f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e
f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s da ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s ,
a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y ­
m e n t i n th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t
p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s ­
t a b lis h m e n t data.




E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s o n s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in this
b ulletin .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s i s c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y in
th is a r e a .
T h e s e ta b u la tion s on m i n im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x ­
p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y
h o u r s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s
a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s
f o r th is a r e a .

1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a nd w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d i e d in D e n v e r ,
b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 D e c e m b e r 1966

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st u d y

Industry d iv ision

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W i t h in s c o p e
of study3

Studied

678

162

154,600

100

94,110

"

201
47 7

48
114

59.800
94,800

39
61

38,080
5 6,030

50
50
50
50
50

56
89
164
78
90

26
15
34
17
22

28,000
9, 600
32,200
10,300
14,700

18
6
21
7
9

23,380
2, 020
19, 110
4 , 650
6, 870

A l l d i v i s i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5------- j±----------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6--------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6----------S e r v i c e s 6 7 -------------------------------------------------------------

N u m b er of establish m en ts

C olo. , 1

50

Studied
Number

P ercent

1 T h e D e n v e r S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 196 6, c o n s i s t s o f A d a m s , A r a p a h o e ,
B o u l d e r , D e n v e r , a nd J e f f e r s o n C o u n t i e s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in th is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n
o f t h e s i z e an d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e not i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n
w i t h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) pl a n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t
da t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , and (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t i o n o f the S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l a n d t h e 1963 S u p p l e m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
by in dustry division.
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w i th in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a ut o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a nd m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w i t h i n th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s a nd s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
Separate presentation
o f da t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is no t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h da ta
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) the s a m p l e w a s no t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a nd (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da t a .
7 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o bile re p a ir shops; m o tio n pictu re s; nonprofit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g re lig io u s
a nd c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g i n e e r i n g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

O v e r o n e - t h i r d o f th e w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e D e n v e r a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b l e p r e s e n t s the m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
and s p e c i fic in du strie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:
Industry groups
F o o d p r o d u c t s _______________________ 21
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ------------ 19
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g ---------------- 9
R u b b er and m is c e lla n e o u s
p l a s t i c s ------------------------------------------ 9
M a c h i n e r y ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) ______ 6
O r d n a n c e and a c c e s s o r i e s __________ 6
L e a t h e r an d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ______ 5
S t o n e , c l a y , a nd g l a s s
p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------------5

S p e c ific in d u stries
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ------------------------ 18
F a b rica te d rubber
p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------------- 9
M e a t p r o d u c t s --------------------------------- 7
O r d n a n c e ----------------------------------------6
B a k e r y p r o d u c t s ----------------------------- 5
L u g g a g e -------------------------------------------5
N e w s p a p e r s ------------------------------------- 5

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f total e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d i n t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a te o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J un e 1 9 61).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e
date o f the in d ex .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e ch a n g e s b e t w e e n the in d ica te d d a te s .
T h ese estim ates are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e i n a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .
M eth od o f C om putin g

i n th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e i g h t s r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
em p loym en ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) earnings fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
for

2 con secu tive y e a rs w e r e

related

by

d ividin g

th e

aggregate for

th e l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 ) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a nd c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e r a g e earn in gs
f o r th e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d o n its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t

Table 2.

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Denver, Colo. ,
December 1966 and December 1965, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(December 1960=100)

Industry and occupational group
December 1966

December 1965

Percents of increase
December 1965
to
December 1966

December 1964
to
December 1965

December 1963
to
December 1964

December 1962
to
December 1963

December 1961
to
December 1962

December 1960
to
December 1961

December 1959
to
December 1960

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and women)--------Industrial nurses (men and women)------Skilled maintenance (m e n )------------------Unskilled plant (m en)-----------------------------

122.2
127.8
121.2
122.8

117. 1
121. 7
116. 2
120.2

4 .3
5 .0
4 .3
2 .1

2 .3
1 .9
2 .3
2. 3

2. 7
3 .9
2 .7
3 .9

3. 5
3 .0
2 .9
3. 4

4.
5.
3.
4.

1
2
2
3

3. 5
6. 1
4. 2
4 .8

4. 2
5 .9
5. 3
2 .8

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women)--------Industrial nurses (men and women)------Skilled maintenance (m en )------------------Unskilled plant (m en)-----------------------------

120.4
122.4
119.0
126. 1

115.8
117.5
115.3
122.2

3 .9
4 .2
3. 1
3 .2

2. 7
1 .4
2 .6
4 .9

1 .6
3 .4
1 .9
2 .5

3. 6
1 .0
2. 7
1. 5

3.
5.
3.
4.

3
7
3
6

3 .8
4 .9
3 .9
7 .0

3. 2
4 .0
4. 7
2 .4




4
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a nd i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k , e x c l u s i v e
o f e a r n i n g s at o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s ,
th e y
m easure
c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
stra ig h t-tim e h ourly earn ings,
excluding p r e m iu m
pay fo r o v e r t im e
and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts.
The p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data fo r
s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s a nd i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t
jo b s w ithin e a ch g ro u p .
L im ita tio n s

C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e ca n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in t h e
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It is c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n th o u gh a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m ay have risen co n sid e ra b ly b e ca u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

o f D ata

T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s o f
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
wage changes,
(Z) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y
i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b
i n c l u d e d in the d a t a . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not in flu e n ce d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
Data w e r e a d j u s t e d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e n v e r , C o l o ., D e c e m b e r 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(stan dard)

Sex, o c c u p a t io n ,

and in du st r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
' standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn in gs of---$

M

2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$

$

50
Under
and
$
und er
50
55

55

60

$

%

$

65

70

$

$
75

80

$
85

$

$
90

95

$
100

$
105

$
110

$

$

115

120

$
125

$

$

130

135

$
140

150
and

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

over

1
1
1

12
12
12

2
2
2

8
8
8

4
4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

MEN
BILLERS, MA CH IN E (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------

27
27
27

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

$
$
$
$
107.50 107.50 1 0 2 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
107.50 107.50 1 0 2 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
107.50 107.50 1 0 2 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

214
41
173

39.0
4 0.0
39.0

119.00
131.50
116.00

121.50
133.00
121.00

115.00 -1 24 .50
1 17 .00 -1 45 .50
109.00 -1 23 .50

_

_

_

-

-

-

CLERKS, AC COUNTING, CLASS B NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------

86
53
32

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0

93.00
99.50
113.00

95.50
109.00
115.50

7 5 .5 0-11 2.5 0
8 2.5 0-11 6.5 0
1 1 1 .0 0-11 8.5 0

_

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ----------

179
156

4 1.0
41.0

100.50
100.50

101.00
100.50

9 3.5 0-10 7.0 0
9 3.5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

_

_

_

-

OFFICE BOYS -------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

96
64

40.0
4 0.0

6 9.50
7 5.00

67.50
72.00

5 9 .0 06 6.0 0-

-

9
3

7 4.50
7 8.00

“

TA BU LA T I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------

59
38

40.0
40.0

132.50
137.50

135.00
144.00

1 23 .00 -1 46 .00
1 34 .00 -1 47 .50

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

52
30

40.0
40.0

104.00
101.00

101.50
96.00

9 3.5 0-11 4.0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ------------

106
103

40.0
40.0

7 5.50
75.50

74.00
74.50

6 7.0 06 7.0 0-

86.00
86.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G -----------RETAIL TRADE --------------

100
45
35

40.0
40.0
4 0.0

7 2.50
7 6.00
7 3.00

68.50
69.50
6 8.50

66.5 066.5 066.0 0-

7 7.50
9 1.50
9 0.50

BO OK K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------RETAIL TRADE --------------

97
73
36

39.5
39.5
39.5

88.00
86.50
87.00

90.00
88.50
91.00

8 2 .0 0 - 9 4.00
8 0 .0 0 - 93.50
7 9 .0 0 - 94.00

”

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------RETAIL TRADE ----- ---------

223
52
171
83

40.0
4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0

82.00
86.50
81.00
77.50

83.00
85.00
82.00
81.50

7 7 .5 0 - 90.00
8 1 .5 0 - 9 4.50
7 6 .0 0 - 88.50
6 6 .5 0 - 86.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------RETAIL TRADE --------------

368
86
282
45
110

39.5
4 0.0
39.5
40.0
4 0.0

101.50
107.00
100.00
118.50
92.00

102.00
106.00
100.50
122.00
89.00

9 0 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
9 6.0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
8 8.5 0-11 0.5 0
1 09 .50 -1 25 .00
8 6.0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

.

_

-

_

-

-

14

_

_

_

17

-

-

17

4
3
1

30
13
17

89
89

15
15

8
5
3

1
1

4
4

-

18
2
16

14
14

14

5
5
4

8
8
8

14
14
14

3
3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

“

”

~

“

21
21

“

3
-

7
l
~

10
7
-

4
4
3

1
-

6
-

-

15
9
-

-

7
2
-

~

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

~

22
22

36
33

35
23

8
8

12
12

4
4

-

-

59
51

_

-

3
3

19
1

13
9

14
13

19
17

10
10

1
“

_

5
6

2
2

4
4

_

_

_

-

“

_

_

_

“

~

~

1
1

_

1

3
2

12
12

.

_

_

-

~

~

_

_

_

“

5
5

5
5

_

_

_

-

-

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

”

~

_
*

_
-

4
4
4

_
-

_
-

_
"

_

_

1
1

_

~

~

“

1

~

1
1

_

~

~

8
2

5
5

3
1

9
5

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

15
10
6

~~

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

44
10
34
6
6

20
4
16
1

22
8
14
4
10

44
14
30
19

16
6
10
10

2
2
-

2
2
-

~

"

_

4

5

_

_

14
3

4
1

5
5

8
6

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

_

“

-

-

-

~

~

~

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

WOMEN

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




“
_

~

6
6

26
26

14
11

5
5

17
17

10
10

18
18

8
5
5

59
19
18

5
2
2

7
1
l

2
2
~

4
1
~

15
15
9

“

7
7
5

11
11
5

15
15
~

15
6
6

34
24
14

15
15
15

16
16
6

13
8
5
-

17
17
8

83
18
65
28

21
11
10
9

24
3
21
13

16
9
7

13
3
10

_
-

9

6

1
1
1

26
4
22

49
3
46

44
13
31

28
7
21

12

46

15

55
15
40
6
13

~

-

9

-

“

-

6
6

-

-

-

.
-

-

_
”

.

_
-

-

~

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y ho ur s and e a rn i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o cc up a t io ns studied on an a r e a b a s is
by in du st r y d i v is io n, D e n v e r , C o l o ., D e c e m b e r 1966)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, oc c u p a t io n , and in dus tr y di v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y e a rn i n g s of—
$

M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

Under
and
$
under
50
55

WOMEN -

$

$
50

55

$
60

$
65

$
70

%

75

$

i

80

85

$
90

$
95

$

i

100

105

$
110

$
115

$
1 20

$

$
1 25

130

$

$
140

135

150
and

60

65

70

75

80

85

116
27
89

56

180

50
21

90

95

100

105

110

156

10
33

47
9

12
21

1
5

AA
64

2

1

22
29
2
11

115

120

125

12

12

3

10

12
12

3
3

13 0

135

140

150

over

CONTINUED

NONMANUFACTURING----------------- ---------------

90*50
81.00

40.0

81.00

7 3 .0 0 - 85.00
8 3 . 0 0 - 114.50
7 3 .5 0 - 8 3.50

■an
3 8 . 5--

7 8.50
78.50

74.00
7 3.5 0

69.0 069.0 0-

84.00
83.00

251
235

3 9.0

7 1.00

6 7.00

5 9.5 0-

78.50

19

270
34
23 6

39.5
4 0.0
39.5

63.0 0
6 6.00
6 2.50

6 0.50
6 0.5 0

54.5 053.0 054.5 0-

68.50
8 2.00
67.50

78
14
64

40 0
4 0.0

82 00
77.50
8 4.00

76 00
73.00
83.50

oaa
o # unun . 07
7 f * nn
uu
6 9 .0 0 - 86.00
6 7 .5 0 - 9 8.50

40 0
40.0
39.5

93 00
95.50
91.50
81.00

89 00
9 4.50
86.00
82.50

8 0.0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 111.00
7 4 .5 0 106.00
7 3 .5 0 - 87.00

40 0

70 cn
78* 00

•77* cn
77*00

7 2 .5 0 - 85.50
7 1 .0 0 - 84.00
* a i UU“
nn— o
a±
cU
n
D7
o* j

39.5

142

41

-------------

MANUFAC 1U R I N G ------------ ---------------—-------NONMANUFACTURING ------—— — -------r*» r n i / f
nn r\f n
CLcKKot
UKUtK
^
UAMiiCArnin
Tkir —————————— ^
MANUrAC 1UK 1Nb
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------r i rni/ c
n avnni i
CLfcKKbt
rAYKULL
——— ——
u
aaii ir AC
A m1iUKINb
n r itir ——————————————————
PIAIiUr
MHMUA Ml 1C Ar T1W
O I1 h\T
NUNnANUrAC
UK
Nb ——————————— ———
OCTATI
AHC
Kt 1AIL TD
1 KAUc
r n unnrlmUunrcTItrK
n Ur
nnrniTnDC
CU
cKA 1UKo ————— ———— —
aihai u
a Ainr ar run
t kir ——————————
.—
.. ———
NUN
MANUrAC
1UK1Nb
RETAIL TRADE — ----------------------------i/rv/nnkiru UrbKAIUKbt
nnrn atodc
rCLAoo
i ac c A
a ———————
KbYrUNCH
UAAll 1CAC
ACT1IlD
Mr' ————— ————————————
nAiNUr
UK fI No
KinMUAMiic
a
tthdt
Kir
NUNMANUrAC1UK1Nb ———————————————
miQaTI*" U
I1T1I
PUBLIC
1 l LIITTCC
1 I t o 3—————————— —

$

$

80*00
81.50
98.00
79.50

/ ->

NONMANUFACTURING ------——

$

$
1^6
4 90

^54
134

73
118
49

^89

tn* n
93*00
40 0
9 1.50
40.0 105.00

89* 50
91.50
107.00

8 1 .5 0 103.00
8 3 .0 0-10 4.0 0
8 0 . 5 0 - 103.00
1 01 .00 -1 10 .00

81

40*0
39.5
40.0

84 * 00
84.00
9 8.50

82*50
81.00
107.50

7 4 .5 0 - 9 1.50
7 4 .5 0 - 91.00
7 4 .0 0 - 9 2.00
7 9 .5 0 114.50

112
105

39.5
39.5

6 7.50
67.50

6 6.50
67.00

1 ,602

39.5

107.50

108.00
115.50

1 ,0 7 4
^QQ

to * n 105*00
An n 1 1 9 . 0 0
ah
4
0 . 0n
97.00

121.50
98.00

9 3 . 5 0 - 119.50
1 0 0 .50 -1 26 .00
91.00-117.00
110.00 -1 31 .50
8 7 .5 0 104.50

c Tt !AAK1to
r iT c c » rCLAoo
i ac c A
a ————————————
occt rn
CK
MriMUIKIIIC ATTlinT MO ——— ———————————
NUNMANUrAC1UK1Nb

67
50

40 0 1 1 « 00
4 0.0 115.50

117.00
116.00

1 04 .00 1 04 .00 -

130.00
126.50

co ct rCDKCt T
i »c c Dn ————————————
1AAKmlrtco i rCLAoo
MAkll Id APTIlD
Mr —————————
MANUrAC
1UK?l Nb
—
kl nkl UAMIIC AC
APTlIHT
MO —————— ————————
NUNMANUr
I UK 1 Nb
mini
to iUi n
rU oL lC
l l iL il ti lrbro<* ^
————————

285
85
200

116.50
120.00
115.50

118.50
1 25.50
1 16.00
123.50

1 01 .00 104 .50 1 00 .50 1 1 3 .0 0 -

131.00
133.50
128.50
134.50

i/rwruikim nnrn
ATnnc
i ac c n
IvfcYrUNCn
UrtKA!
UKoi rLLAoo
O ———————
UAAIIIC Ar Tl
to IMP ——————————————————
MANUrAC
1UKINb
kinkiUAkmr AC
APTiinTAir
...............
NUNrlAINUr
1UK l Nb —
—————.—————————
mini
r UbL i1rL mtt
U U iLIf t1 r1 rt ej 3
OFFICE GIRLS — -------------------—
————
NONMANUFACTURING - —------ — — —------

c
nr
j tcLrKdtc|tAa K
1n
t oc 4

"
UAAtncAr tiid
tmr* ——————————— - ————
MANUPAC
1UKINb
AinmuA Aiiir Ar mn
T kir
NUNnANUrAC1
UKiNb
------- ——————
t r- iU11
ittiLit t11
tc
«mini
Ud LIL
tc
o 3
nCTAti
i nUet ——————— —————— —
K
clA lL m
1KA

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.




117
192
60
3Z3

40 0
4 0.0
4 0.0

6 2 .0 06 2.0 0-

72.50
7 3.00

-

-

1

25

1

25

^5
47

1

n
10

A
16

51
51

38

51
51

-

:

10
10

40

25

22

->o
29

15

1
12

47
17
30

27
18
9

10

27

10
g

10
3

23
13

2

12
12

36
1
48
'

:

13

1
A
14

20

3

**

3

1
1

1
1

37
35

7

9
3
6

12

5

6
6

16
16

3
3

14
11

30
29
_
_

30
5
25

41
12
29

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

*

r
b

3

41
1
40

15
13

~

-

-

3

3

10
3
7
X

17
11

9
3

2
2

6

18
3
15

2

6

19
13
6

1

11
10

14
7
7
5

\

2

63
40

30
12

10
8

17
11

12
12
1

17
23

26
22
1

14

fn
24
2

59

68
13
55

2

13

3

35
13
22
15

17

28
*6

-

5
10
10

16

3

48
41

3
11

5

_

1
*
29

50

30
28

15
15

13
12

5

14

47

_

14
12

41
17

14
3

6

5

7
3

1
5

29
28

1
1

31
28
3

7

3

7
7

3
3

3

12

18

18

g
8

18
18

18
18

1 64
45
119
22
3

221
88
133
31
12

90
35
55
33
2

142
96
46
30
2

46
23
23
21

23
7
16
10

45
13
32
27

25
11
14
10

g

2

14
14

4
1

4
4

x
1

5
4

.

5
2

5
2

23

35
11
24
19

25
14
11

30
13
17
17

7

24

14

18
18

8

1

110
26
84
3

120
15
105
3

6

*

11

_

27
8
19

l3
15

7
7

-

11
1

146
43
103
13
18

45
14
31
13

133
39
94
7

153
38
115

Q

24

114
43
71
12
3

5

8
8

8

5

32

5

27

13
2
11

18
6

1

12

22
13

g

7

4

3

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y hour s and e a rn i n gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in dus tr y d i v is io n, D e n v e r , C o l o ., D e c e m b e r 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(staridard)

Sex, o cc u p a t io n ,

and in d u st r y d i v i s i o n

of
orkers

$

Average
weekly
standard)

$
50

Me an^

Median 23
4

Middle range 2

Under
and
$
und er
50
55

$
55

$
60

65

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y ea rni ng s of—
$
$
$
$
S
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
110
105
115
120
125
130

$

S
135

%

140

150
and

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

ov e r

-

-

-

~

14
5
9
1
1

26
5
21
1
-

24
8
16
1

28
9
19
2
1

69
2
67
2
16

39
11
28
6
1

24
7
17
6
3

25
8
17
4
11

30
21
9
4
-

89
82
7
2
1

13
10
3
3
“

10
2
8
7
“

12
2
10
7
_

6
2
4
2
”

14
14
12

44
3
41
6
17

96
21
75
2
5

83
10
73
1
4

68
18
50
11

91
21
70
1
7

30
18
12
1
3

43
19
24
2

112
22
90
7
**

157
78
79
11

19
19
8
-

11
11
7

2
2
1
~

1
1
*

4
2
2
-

-

91
14
77
14

76
59
17
4
3

98
40
58
12
11

117
72
45
8
8

69
34
35

63
16
15

31
21
10
7

114
13
101
9

50
24
26
25

21
21
20

4
4
3

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

-

12
7
5
1

42
4
38
-

53
14
39
3

83
44
39
4

21
15
6
5

31
11
20
14

24
5
19
9

19
19
19

8
l
7
7

-

2
2
2

-

9

81
44
37
10
11

46
21
25
2

~

70
6
64
3
12

3
-

17
3
14

13
11

4

4

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

4

1
1

-

4

2
1
1

2

-

1

10
2
8

4

2

6
2
4

-

3

7
3
4

“

-

1

-

12
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

_
-

~

~

~

~

~

WOME N - C O NT IN UE D
S E C R E T A R I E S 4 - C O NT IN UE D
SECRETARIES, CLAS S C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

4 09
174
235
47
35

39.5
4 0.0
39.5
40.0
4 0.0

$
$
$
$
113.00 111.00 1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
120.00 125.50 1 1 2 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
98.50-115.00
107.50 104.00
122.50 122.50 1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
108.00 104.50 1 0 2 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

*

SE CRETARIES, CLAS S D -------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

784
212
572
59
47

39.0
4 0.0
38.5
40.0
4 0.0

100.50
105.50
98.50
103.00
86.50

99.50
109.00
97.00
113.50
87.50

8 7 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
95.50-117.00
8 5.5 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
7 7.5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
7 8 .5 0 - 94.50

*

-

-

4
4
-

5
5
-

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, G E NE RA L -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

786
3 24
462
125
40

39.5
40.0
3 9.0
4 0.0
40.5

9 0.00
8 9.50
9 0.50
9 9.00
81.00

88.50
88.50
88.00
101.50
83.50

7 8 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 - 97.50
7 4 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
8 4.5 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
7 5 .5 0 - 89.00

_
-

-

-

16
16
2

35
35
3
3

-

-

-

9

STENOG RA PH ER S, SENIOR --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

501
172
329
78
43

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0

-

~

“

-

_

-

_

15

16

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

15

16

4
3
1

5

35
35
“

20
20
15

41
41
21

11
11
“

18
18
5

15
14
1

7

5
~

20
19
13

14
14
14

19
19
11

58
21
37
9

33
12
21

14
1
13
~

17
17
9

45
6
39
8

6
2
4
1

8
3
6
~

16
8
8
1

23
23
~

11
11

-

~

“

“

20
20

13
4
9

20
2

13

4
1

1
1

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

11
3
8

3
1

IB

37
2
35

7

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

63
14
49
8
13

33
3
30

64
27
37
2
6

70
24
46
2
14

31

7

11
20

4

2

2

12
5
7
6

62
12

77
24

36
16
20

7
3
4

-

2

53

-

2

19

23

31
13
18
2

2

50

-

9
9
-

87.50
94.00
85.00

S W IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

199
183
55

41.0
41.0
4 0.0

7 2.50
6 9.50
7 3.00

69.00
68.00
68.00

60.0 05 9 .5 064.5 0-

83.50
79.50
85.00

S W IT CH BO AR D OP E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

266
55
211
53

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

81.50
79.50
82.00
70.50

78.50
73.00
80.50
66,00

6 8 .0 06 8.5 06 7.5 06 0.0 0-

90.00
95.00
90.00
83.50

TR AN SC R I B I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L ------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

143
25
118

40.0
4 0.0
39.5

77.50
82.00
76.50

78.50
80.00
77.00

67.5 07 5.5 065.0 0-

84.50
92.00
84.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

358
99
259
62
51

39.5
4 0.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

85.50
87.00
85.00
9 5.50
83.00

84.50
86.00
83.50
104.50
87.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

436
109
327
80

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

71.50
74.00
71.00
7 1.00

70.00
76.00
69.00
71.00

-

5

-

-

-

-

~

~

_

_

-

-

-

7 5 .0 0 - 92.00
8 1 .0 0 - 92.50
7 4 .0 0 - 92.00
7 5 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
7 4 .0 0 - 91.00

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

-

27
2
25
8
2

63.5 066.5 063.0 06 3.5 0-

3

87
10
77
30

81
17
64
6

78.00
83.00
77.00
76.00

8

9
9

6 9 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 - 99.00
6 6.5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

40.0
40.0
40.5

5

_

-

8 5.5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
9 1.5 0-10 4.0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
1 02 .00 -1 22 .50
8 0 .5 0 - 9 1.00

107
29
78

5

47

-

94.00
97.50
91.50
114.50
86.00

S W I T CH BO AR D OP ER AT OR S, CLASS A ---M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

“

-

95.00
96.50
9 4.50
111.50
82.50

87.50
92.59
85.00

-

3
-

'

13
7
6

32
2
30

'

~

7

2
~

4

3

_

-

1

3

2
3

3
43
10

33
22

-

7

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

2

3

1 Standard h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi ch e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m ra t e s) , and the ea rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d
to t h es e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 The m e a n is co m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b by totaling the ea rn in gs of all w o r k e r s and divid ing b y the nu m b e r of w o r k e r s .
The m e d i a n de s ig na t es p o s it i o n
half of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the rate shown ; ha lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate shown.
The m iddle ra nge is de fi ned by 2 ra t e s of pay; a fo ur th of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r of these ra t es and a fo ur th e a r n m o r e than the
h i g h er rate.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and other pu blic utilit ie s.
4 Ma y in clu de w o r k e r s ot he r than t hos e p r e s e n t e d se p ar at el y.




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u str y d i v is i o n , D e n v e r , C o l o ,, D e c e m b e r 1966)
W eekly earnings
(standard)

Sex, o cc u pa t io n ,

and in dus tr y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of —

$

$

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

85
Me; i2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

$

$

$

$

$

$

90

$
95

$

100

$

105

$

110

115

120

125

130

$
135

$
140

$
145

$

150

$

155

160

165

$

170

$
175

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

over

2

2

26
22

20
16

11

17
9

20
17

19
18

13

6
6

9
7

27

8

2

21
6

5
3

-

and
und er

90

and

MEN
$

$

$

$

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A 3
MANUFA CT UR IN G —

136
107

40.0 156.00 157.00 146.00-166.00
40.0 156.50 159.00 145.50-167.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B 3MA NU FA CT UR IN G —
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG

30 5
245
60

144.00
40.0 135.00 137.00 12 3. 50 143.50
40.0 134.00 137.00 1 2 3. 50 40.0 137.50 137.00 124.00-150.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C 3MA NUFACTURING -NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG

174
89
85

122.00 7
40.0 110.50 107.50 1 0 1. 50 40.0 109.00 107.50 102.00-119.50
6
124.00 1
40.0 1 1 2 .0 0 108.00 1 0 0. 50 -

2
5
5

3
1
2

-

2
1
1

3
3

36
31

-

5

39
30
9

24
19
5

20

11
6

13

25

11
2

14

16
9
7

4
3

3
3

10
2
8

12
2
10

49
29

3
2

7
6

2

20

13
7

5

11

1

28
23

34

70

14

25

66

5

9

4

8
6

10

1

10

1

6

2

2

10

1
1

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

54
39

40.0 114.50 114.00 106.00-121.50
40.0 111.50 112.00 105.50-119.00

1

7
7

11
9

10
6

2
2

2

2

1

1 Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e their r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e of pay fo r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the ea rn in gs
c o r r e s p o n d to t he se w e e k l y h o u r s.
2 F o r de fi ni tio n of t e r m s , se e fo ot no te 2, table A - l .
3 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t in clu ded last y e a r was found to be out si de the s c o p e of the s u r ve y . If this e s t a b l is h m e n t had not be en in the su r ve y last y e a r , the a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a rn in gs f o r all in d u s t r ie s
would ha ve b een as f o l l o w s : C l a s s A d r a f t s m e n , $149; c l a s s B d r a f t s m e n , $12 7.50; and c l a s s C d r a f t s m e n , $112. F o r nonma nuf ac tur ing , the a v e r a g e f o r c l a s s B d r a f t s m e n w ou ld ha ve b e e n $123,
and c l a s s C d r a f t s m e n , $119.




9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , D e n v e r, C o lo . , D e c e m b e r 1966)
Average

O cc u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

of

BILLERS, MACHINE (B OOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------R E TA IL TR AD E --------------------

O cc u p a t io n and in du st r y d i v is i o n

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S

OF FI CE OC CU P A T I O N S
BILLERS, MA CH IN E (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 1
2 ---------------

133
130
33
101

46
35

$
40.0
82.00
40.0
82.50
40.0 101.50
40.0
40.0
40.0

73.00
77.00
73.00

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

39.5
39.5
40.0

$
80.50
79.50
78.00

- CONT IN UE D

C O MP TO ME TE R OP ER AT OR S ------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

275
211

89

40.0
92.50
40.0
93.00
40.0
92.50
40.0 106.00

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

205
189
55

41.0
41.0
40.0

74.00
71.00
73.00

266
55

81.50
79.50
82.00
70.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------

315
117
198

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----MANU FA CT UR IN G ------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------

323
63
260
81

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

84.00
84.00
84.00
98.50

SW IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

53

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

OFFICE BOYS AND G I R L S -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------

208
39
169
35

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

68.50
60.00
70.50
80.00

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

62
41

40.0 133.50
40.0 138.00

S E CR ET AR IE S 3 ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 -----------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

1,618
533
1,085
257
99

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0

108.00
113.50
105.00
119.50
97.00

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

59
26
33

40.0 105.00
40.0 109.50
40.0 101.50

67
50

TR AN S C R I 8 1 NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

143
25
118

40.0
40.0
39.5

77.50
82.00
76.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

371

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

86.50
86.50
98.00
83.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

444
333
80

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

72.00
74.50
71.00
71.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A 4------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

136
107

40.0 156.00
40.0 156.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B 4------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

306
245
61

40.0 135.00
40.0 134.00
40.0 137.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C 4------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

177
91
86

40.0 110.50
40.0 109.00
40.0 1 1 2 . 0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

56
41

40.0 115.00
40.0 1 1 2 . 0 0

66

BO O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

278
52
226
83

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

87.50
86.50
87.50
77.50

CLERKS, AC COUNTING, CLASS A -------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------R E TA IL TRADE --------------------

582
127
455

108.00
115.00
106.00

133

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

93.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

CLERKS, AC COUNTING, CLASS B -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

732
189
543
97
157

84.50
39.5
87.00
40.0
39.5
83.50
40.0 103.00
40.0 79.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 2 ------------

292
90
118

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

CLERKS, FILE, CLAS S A --------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

44
42

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 -----------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

414
174
240
52
35

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

788
576
63
47

39.0 100.50
40.0 105.50
38.5
98.50
40.0 104.50
40.0
86.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

793
324
469
132
40

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.5

STENOGRAPHERS, SE NI OR -----------MA NU FACTURING -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 2 -----------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

505
172
333
82
43

95.00
39.0
96.50
40.0
39.0 94.50
40.0 111.50
82.50
40.0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

255
239

39.0
39.0

70.50
69.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

273
37
236

39.5
40.0
39.5

62.50
65.50
62.50

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

367
77
290
76

40.5
40.0
40.5
40.0

91.00
84.50
93.00
79.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

212

40.0
94.50
40.0 96.00
40.0
93.50
40.0 120.50
81.00
39.5

81
131
29
49

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CONTINUED
$
87.50
94.00
85.00

89.00
87. 50
87.00

79.50
79.00

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

40.0
40.0
40.5

39.5
39.5
39.5

39.0
38.5

Number
of
worker,

107
29
78

99
75
36

120.00

O cc u p a t io n and in du st r y d i v i s i o n

SWITCH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

BO O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

88

Average

Average
Number
of

202

212

40.0 118.00
40.0 115.50
117.00
120.00

115.50
123.00
113.00
120.00

108.50
124.00
108.00

90.00
89.50
90.50
99.50
81.00

211

102

269
72
51
111

86.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 St andard h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r wh ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the earni ngs
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and other public util iti es.
3 Ma y in cl u de w o r k e r s o t he r than th o se p r e s e n t e d sep ar at el y.
4 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t in c lu d e d la s t y e a r was found to be outside the s c o p e o f the s u r ve y .
If this e st a b l is h m e n t had not b ee n in the s u r v e y las t y e a r , the a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a rn in gs fo r all
in d u s t r ie s w ou ld have b e e n as fo l l o w s :
C l a s s A d r af t sm en , $149; c l a s s B d r a f t s m e n , $ 1 26 .5 0 ; and c l a s s C d r a f t s m e n , $ 1 1 1 . 5 0 .
F o r no nm a nu fa ctu ri ng , the a v e r a g e f o r c l a s s B d r af t sm en
w oul d ha ve b e e n $ 1 2 1 . 5 0 , and c l a s s C dr a f t sm en , $11 9.




10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in gs f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a rea ba s is
by in du str y d i v is i o n , D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1966)
Hourly eamings

1

Nu mb e r o f w’o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e hou r ly ea r ni ng s of—
$
2.00

Number

of

O cc u p a t io n and in du st r y di v is i o n

workers

M ean 2

M edian 2

Middle range 2

17 j
220

$

$

$

$

3* ^0
3 .2 2

3.51
3 .0 7

3 .2 9 2 .8 1 -

3 .5 6
3 .2 6

3
3.4 6

3 5'
3.51

3 ’’ 9
3 .2 7 -

3 69
3 .6 0

3 .4 5
3 .6 7

3 .5 4
3 .6 0

3 .1 6 - 3.9 2
3 .5 1 - 3 .9 6
2 .6 6 - ^ .3 7

a r t nn a nv dot
» rn
biAllUNAKY
BulLbK

ct

—

HELPERS » MA INTENANCE T R A D E S -------------uaaiiic
ar ti
in t Kir
nANUrAL
i UKINb

——— ———

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS,
UAAiiir a r*x»UKiNb
in t mn
nANUrAL1

TOOL RO OM —

— — —————————— ——

l a r u innn
UAT IN
AITC
AI AINLt
AAlfC
rlAlrl
i 1 oCTC
1o » P1A1
1 tIN
Ai aah ir AL
* r ti
in m r
HAINUr
1UKINb

—

— ———

$
2 .3 0

*
2 .4 0

$
2.5 0

£
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2.8 0

$
2 .9 0

£
3.00

£
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3.. 3 0

$
3. ,40

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

£
3 .7 0

$
3 .8 0

£
3 .9 0

£
4 .0 0

£
£
4 . 10 4 . 2 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2.9 0

3 .0 0

3.1 0

3.20

3.30

3.. 40

3 . ,50

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 . 20

13
13

34
34

1

-

5

i

-

5

8

^71
rr ltKnr
c nurki
cNf

$
2 .2 0

and
under
2 .1 0

63
34

£
2 .1 0

42

2 .8 5

3 .0 4

2 .5 4 — 3 .3 1

96
40

2.65
2 .5 0

2 .7 0
2.5 3

2 .5 5 — 2 .7 7
2 .3 6 - 2 .6 6

118
118

3.31
3.31

3 .3 1
3 .3 1

3 .1 9 3 .1 9 -

3 .4 6
3 .4 6

298
262

3 40
3.38

3 50
3.4 4

3 26
3 .2 5 -

3 56
3 .5 5

8

5
6

3

2

5

1

17

2

10

1

17

2

10

4

16
12

15

34

8
8

6

-

-

-

-

4
i 7

17
-

-

-

-

-

5
**
**

6
6

i
i

*

24
18

*

3

3

5

44
42

c
1

mini
tL
r »u»t1 If L
» t1 t1 t1 tc oc 3
r UHL X

u r OMAN
r i m i ilL
r ro i ua
iaitt
AiAAirr
Ht
nAllMI
CNANLt
--- ———---ki aki11c AO
ar TI
ID f NO
Mr ——————————————————
nANUr
1UK1

OILERS —

— -----------------------—------

uakiiic
Arrnn
t *ir
rIAIMUrAL
1UKINb

--------

A lTNAlTrn
Cf MA1NIcNANLt
UAT AIT CTktAAIT C ———— ————————
rftA
IcKb
1CAr T1UK
l ID 1t NO
Air
HUAAII
ANUrAL
taitcki AAirc
rft li rnfcccri l TTcn
1 Ih K rof ua
nAlNItMANLt
UAAinCArTiin
t NO
Air
MANUr
AL 1UK 1

3.4 8

3 .6 0

413

3.5 1
3.61

3 .6 1
3.6 3

3 .2 7 3 .0 3 3 .3 4 3 .5 7 -

3 .6 6
3 .5 1
3 .6 6
3 .6 7

407
40h

3.27
3.2 7

3.2 5
3.2 5

3 .0 9 3 .0 9 -

3.42
3.4 2

49
49

2 .8 3
2 .8 3

2 94
2 .9 4

2•75— 3 .0 2
2 .7 5 — 3 .0 2

64

3.4 7
3 . 46

3 52
3.5 3

3 .4 6 -

3 .5 6

209

3 .4 3
3.4 3

3 48
3.4 8

3 .3 0 3 .3 0 -

3.5 5
3 .5 5

203

3.7 6

3.82
3.8 2

3 .5 8 - 3 .9 0
3 . 58— 3 .9 0

6 38

^2

"

rrimi
Aim UIc
nr r nAftCKo
UAL/rnc
1UUL ANU
uaaiiic ArrnftTAir
HANUrAL
1UK1NO ——————————————————

i
i

1
l

5

h o l id a y s ,

(

,

3

~

8

1

5

9

6

2

5

9

6

2

8

9

24
24

13
13

76
76

19
19

28
28

6

8

6

5

5

8

5

5

36
2

10

52

105

9

22

11

24

in
10

26

92

9

22
20

104
10
94
93

275

10

275
246

11
11

24
24

28
28

7
8

26
26

165
162

20
20

26
26

2
2

22
22

1
1

1

1

10
10

35
35

1

62
62

77
77

14
14
7

1

37
37

7

15
15

[
1

13
13

50
50

15
15

1
1

-

j

10

8
11
11

j

-

1
1

_

1

_

3

3

2
2

51
51

1

15

8

1
1

53
1
1

and late shifts.

46
45
1

27
27

1

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
F o r de fi ni tio n o f t e r m s , s e e foo t no t e 2, table A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r pu blic util iti es.




5

24
24

13
7

Q

2

3
3

10

3
3

23
23

12
12

MECHANICS, a u t o m o t i v e

UATKITCKIAKirr
l1MAIN
1 cNANLt )\ ——————————— ————————
uaaiiic a r ti
in II No
nr ——————————————————
MAiMUrAL
1UK
MDIKI liA AIIICAL
ATTl1Uni
ID T Air
NUNnAllUr
NO ———————————————

54
54

ll

15

13
13

11

2

30
23

over

9

2

9
9

5

2

\

2

19
19

71
71

25
25

4

5
5

13
13

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e n v e r, C o l o ., D e c e m b e r 1966)
Hourly ea:rnings 2

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

M ean3

M edian3

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in gs of—
t

(

1.00

1 .1 0 1 .2 0

$

$

$

$

$

I

$

(

t

$

$

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1.5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0 2 .3 0

$

$

$

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

%

% %

$

%

2 .8 0

3 .0 0 3 .2 0

3.40 3.6 0

3 .6 0

%

3 .8 0

Middle range3

und er
1 .1 0

1.20

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1.5 0

ELEVATOR OP ER AT OR S, PASSENGER
(WOMEN) --------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------RE TA IL TRADE ----------------

50
50
43

$
1 .7 2
1.72
1 .8 2

$
1.85
1.8 5
2.11

$
1 .3 5 1 .3 5 1 .4 3 -

$
2 .1 5
2 .1 5
2 .1 6

GUARDS AND W A T C H M E N ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

431
177
254

2 .2 0
2 .8 8
1.72

2 .3 4
2 .9 7
1.52

1 .4 2 2 .7 6 1 .3 1 -

2 .9 4
3 .0 5
2.0 1

GUARDS:
MANU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

175

2 .8 9

2.9 7

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

1 ,6 7 9
602
1,0 7 7
144
198

1.9 6
2 .3 4
1.7 5
2 .4 0
1.7 3

1.86
2 .3 7
1.7 7
2.5 2
1.75

1 .7 2 2 .2 1 1 .6 0 2 .2 4 1 .5 9 -

2 .3 6
2 .6 4
1 .8 9
2 .5 8
1.8 8

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS
(WOMEN) --------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------

160
33
25

1 .9 4
2.2 6
1 .7 4

1.8 7
2 .3 5
1 .6 8

1 .8 2 1 .8 9 1 .5 6 -

1 .9 8
2 .6 3
2 .1 3

LABORERS, M A T E RI AL H A N D LI NG --M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------RE TAIL TRAD E ---------------

2,289
487
1 ,8 0 2
942
512

2.72
2 .6 6
2.7 4
3 .0 7
2.42

2.8 2
2 .6 6
2 .8 4
3 .2 3
2 .5 5

2 .3 4 2 .1 8 2 .4 0 2 .8 5 1 .8 9 -

3 .2 4
2 .8 8
3 .2 5
3 .3 4
2 .9 2

O R DE R F I LL ER S ------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------

1 ,2 1 2
593
619
322

2 .5 1
2.48
2.54
2 .7 2

2 .3 9
2 .3 6
2 .5 4
2 .9 3

2 .2 5 2 .2 7 2 .2 2 2 .5 1 -

2 .8 8
2 .8 4
2 .9 3
2 .9 7

-

PACKERS, S H IP PI NG ---------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

484
352
132

2 .3 9
2.48
2.15

2 .5 1
2 .8 1
2 .2 5

1 .9 9 - 2 .8 4
2 .1 3 - 2 .8 6
1 .8 8 - 2 .3 7

7
7
-

8
1

14
14
-

RE CE IV IN G CL ER KS ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------

224
77
147
91

2.5 9
2.7 4
2.51
2.5 4

2 .5 8
2.8 3
2 .4 7
2 .4 9

2 .3 6 - 2 .8 9
2 .5 3 - 2 .8 9
2 .3 2 - 2 .8 9
2 .2 5 - 3.01

-

-

-

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------

113
38
75
41

2 .7 5
2.8 5
2.7 0
2 .7 3

2 .8 3
2 .9 0
2 .7 8
2 .7 4

2 .6 2 2 .7 8 2 .5 7 2 .5 7 -

2 .9 2
2 .9 8
2 .8 8
2 .9 3

SHIPPING AND R E CE IV IN G CLERKS MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

145
64
81

2.6 3
2.4 2
2 .7 9

2 .5 7
2 .3 4
3.01

2 .3 3 2 .1 5 2 .5 3 -

3 .0 4
2 .9 2
3 .0 7

T R U C K D R I V E R S 5 -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------RETAIL TRADE ---------------

2,467
503
1 ,9 6 4
1,065
520

2.84
2 .9 0
2.82
3.10
2 .6 0

2 .8 7
2 .9 9
2 .8 6
3 .3 0
2 .7 6

2 .6 7 - 3 .3 0
2 .6 7 - 3 .0 8
2 .6 5 - 3.31
2 .8 6 - 3 .3 5
2 .0 8 - 3 .0 3

S ee fo o t n o t e s

at end of t a b le .




6
6

6
6
6

6
6
6

1 .6 0

58

46

19

58

46

19

1
1
1
21
21

64
64
16

77
18
59

15
15
-

41
7
34
-

1
1
1

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

1
1
1

I
I

1

2 .0 0

-

14

5

14

14

14

5

14

14

69
25
44

343

212

35

337
4
43

34
178
3
32

34
7
16

3
-

96
9

xj
I
U>
o
VJl

3

1 .7 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

-

24
24
24

-

7
3
4

5

29

67

29

-

7

8

_

3

1

-

-

3

1

"

12

4
4

-

4

-

12
12

_

_
-

_
7

_
-

21

6

28

5

6

-

-

6

1

52
27
25

2
8

3 .2 0

3
2
1

32
5
27

44
37
7

58
46
12

70
70

6

3

2

5

37

46

70

93
73
20
2
6

33
26
7
7
~

103
35
68
60
8

217
200
17
17

20
18
2
2
~

4

10
10

2
~

2
~

11
11

7

61
12
49
4
1

66
2
64
4
10

139
4
135
8
127

248
160
88
25
30

615
58
557
394
163

230
188
42
2

22
22
12

117
7
110
30

35
3
32
~

357
160
197
197

_

-

8

187
15
172

-

3 .0 0

159
111
48
27
2

~

2

2 .8 0

43
18
25
3
3

8

5

2 .6 0

9
6
3

-

8
1

9
3
6

2 .5 0

3

2

3
67

2 .3 0 2 .4 0

3 .4 0

4

_
”

4

6
9
9

124
46
78

54

25

32

17

67
15
52

56
38
18

:

8
8
8

9

70

28

9

24

10

-

10

36

11

3
7
7

47
41

105

-

_
-

26
26

6
6

11
6

94
9

180
124
56
11

1
1

25
16
9

34
6
28

41
13
28

12
1
11

43
43
-

12
12

185
185
~

-

20
10
10
10

21

34
6
28
18

19
13
6
1

15
2
13
7

51
29
22
12

41
17
24
24

16

23
7
16
10

58
23
35
15

5
5

16
16
19
1
18

4
l
3

13
10
3

39
5
34

10

90
23
67
4
-

37 4
81
293
73
170

4 79
77
402
391
11

373
147
22 6
46
164

625
63
562
551

-

~

_
-

-

_
-

1

22

8

-

~

_

2

10

6
6

26

14

33
17
16

32
25
7

-

5

4

6

_

5

-

5

4
3

6
6

-

12

-

"

11

8
8

_

4

-

10
7
3

18
18

35
17
18

12

27

14

13

137

12

27

14

13

137

10

3

3

-

21
1

_

_

-

-

_

32
20
12

_

179
13
166
-

20
5
15

-

39
31
8
-

4

6
2
4

-

-

-

~

-

3.8 0

107
107
-

507
507

62
46
16
16

2

11

19
19

15
15

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in du str y di v is i o n , D e n v e r , C o l o ., D e c e m b e r 1966)
Hourly ea rnings 2

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in du st r y di v is i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r l y e a rn i n g s of —
S
1.0 0

M ean3

M edian3

M iddle range

$
1 .2 0

1 .2 0

1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0

$

$

$

$

%

$

$

$

$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
%
2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80

$
2 .1 0

$
2.2 0

2 .1 0

2.2 0

2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80

1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0

and
und er
1.10

TR UCKDRIVERS 5

$
1.10

and
over

- CO NTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------

446
108
338

TRUCKDRIVERS, ME DI UM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------MANUr A C 1UKlNb — --------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1,135
143
992
684
225

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG — — --- ------—--PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 4 --------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------------TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ---------------MANU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES

1
2
3

—

—

—

$
2.41
2.50
2.38

$
2.36
2.56
2.35

$
2.242.262.22-

2.82

$
2.73
2.79
2.71

_

-

7
7

4

-

-

_

12
12

24
24

11

4

11

13
13

-

12

-

23
15

13

9

10

-

23
23

12

8

4

160

-

-

12
2
10

26
22
4

83

20
5

67

-

-

10

4

5
“

15
-

67
4
“

~

-

~

~

”

2.85

2.68- 3.28

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

-

125

2.82
3.03
2.30

2.85
2.89
2.09

2.72- 3.30
2.83- 3.33
2.04- 2.75

-

"

“

-

-

“

3
3

3
-

-

125
125

3.31
3.02
3.31
3.34

3.03- 3.36
2.72- 3.47

-

-

-

314

3.18
3.08
3.19
3.24

3.31- 3.37

_

“

292

2.95

2.83

2.74- 3.06

“

340
216
124
54

2.90
2.84
3.01
3.23

2.89
2.85
2.98

2.76- 3.24
2.60- 2.96
2.91- 3.34

_
-

497
49

2 .8 6

_
-

-

3

~

“

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

Data li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e in dic ate d.
E x cl u d es p r e m i u m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , and late shi fts.
F o r defin it ion of t e r m s , se e foo tn o te 2, table A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and other pu bli c ut il iti es.
5 In cl ud es all d r i v e r s , as de fi ned , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and type of t r u c k o pe r at ed .




-

“

“

“

-

~

~
-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

“

~

1
1
-

-

10
10

2
2
-

-

170

11
11
-

46

-

-

-

2
2
”

-

59
19
40

9
5
4

143
35
108
58
50

339
327
324
3

71
44
27

312
58
254
254
“

24

“

5

”

“

63

~

~

-

145

5

122

~

“

5

15

3
3

39
39

23

7

-

-

15

77
30
47
47

18
18

-

149
104
45

-

"

8
7

18
18

46
75

12

-

7

-

2
2

-

”

“

5

5

10
10

251

“

“

-

-

~

-

-

~

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing jo b descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability o f occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billin g operations. For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are
classified by type o f m achine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance dieets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billin g m achine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, e tc. Usually involves application o f predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing m achine, and
totals which are autom atically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f the b ill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.

Class B. Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, e tc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping m achine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
m ay or m ay not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections o f a com plete set
of books or records relating to one phase o f an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

13

14

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations.
May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A .
In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc.
May
also file this material.
May keep records o f various types in con ­
junction with the files.
May lead a small group o f lower lev el file
cleiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing o f material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file o f orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's nam e, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform mathe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Com p­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow ing:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical an d/or alphabetical or com bina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
lev el keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

15

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f coding skills and the making o f some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following sp ecific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch m achine to keypunch tabulating cards.
May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffic e machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing: (a) R eceives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor’s files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f o ffice
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate office r," used in the level definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"v ice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer lev el) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in all, over 25, (XX) persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

16

SECRET ARY— Continue d

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g . , a regional headquarters; a m ajor division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scien tific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle- management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and o ffice procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, p olicies, procedures,
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the sp ecific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing sim ple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, fewer than
5, OCX) persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational
unit (e. g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype cr
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
c o lle ct, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g . , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited1* telephone information service occurs if the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e:£tension numbers when sp ecific names are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator. )

17
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerica l work as part o f regular duties. This typing or
clerica l work m ay take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work.
The work typically involves portions o f a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typ ically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and d a y -to-d ay supervision of the work and production o f a group of
tabulating-m achine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrica l account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance o f some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerica l work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes.
May do clerica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the follow ing: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves com bining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

18
PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation o f com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the effe ct of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum o f supervisory
assistance. C om pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con ­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings o f subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction o f a building including
detail drawings o f foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, e tc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
o f drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
o f components and convey needed information.
Consolidates details
from a number o f sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pen cil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting o f straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close d elineation .)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f em ployees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
o f applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety o f carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work o f the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




19

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any o f a variety o f
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con ­
trollers, circu it breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety o f
electrician 's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation o f
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and b oiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record o f operation
of m achinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments em ploying
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex ­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, o il, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f m echanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working properties of the
com m on metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

20
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use o f such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the veh icle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the m oving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for m ajor
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the followings Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the m illwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow ing: Knowledge o f surface p ecu li­
arities and types o f paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing;
Laying out o f work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications.
In general, the work o f the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are exclu ded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge o f sanitary codes regarding installation o f vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work o f the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

21

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an establish­
ment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types o f sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety o f handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

volves most of the following; Planning and laying out o f work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions o f work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-form ing work. Work in-

CUSTODIAL

AND

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors o f an o ffice building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those o f
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard.
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman.
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises o f an o ffice , apartment house, or com m ercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

22

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or om itted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f the follow ing:
Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file o f shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
R eceiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness o f shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis o f trailer ca p a city .)
Truckdriver (com bination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1
tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1V2
an^ including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----The seventh annual re p o rt on s a la r ie s fo r a ccou n ta n ts, a u d ito rs,
a tto rn e y s, ch e m is ts, e n g in e e r s , en gin eerin g te ch n icia n s, d ra ftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly sts, d ir e c t o r s o f p e rs o n n e l, m a n a g ers o f o ffic e
s e r v ic e s , b u y e rs, fre ig h t rate c le r k s , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s .
O r d e r as BLS B ulletin 1535, N ational Su rvey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d ­
m in is tra tiv e , T e ch n ica l, and C le r ic a l P a y , F e b ru a ry —M a rch 1966.
50 cents a cop y .

☆

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:

1967 — 253-604/49




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 20204,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area
Akron, Ohio, June 1966 1_______________________________
Albany—Schenectady^-Troy, N .Y ., Apr. 1966 1 ------------Albuquerque, N. M ex., Apr. 1966 1____________________
Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton, Pa.—N. J .,
Feb. 1966 1_____________________________________________
Atlanta, G a ., May 1966 1 _______________________________
Baltimore, M d., Nov. 1966 1___________________________
Beaumont—Port Arthur—Orange, Tex., May 1966 1___
Birmingham, A la., Apr. 1966_________________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1966 1__________________________
Boston, M ass., Oct. 1966______________________________

Bulletin number
and price
1465-81,
1465-60,
1465-64,

30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1465-53,
1465-71,
1530-30,
1465-63,
1465-56,
1530-2,
1530-16,

25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 1965_______________________________ 1465-36,
Burlington, V t., Mar. 1966____________________________ 1465-54,
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1966 1______________________________ 1465-58,
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1966 1 ______________________ 1465-70,
Charlotte, N .C., Apr. 1966 1___________________________ 1465-67,
Chattanooga, Ten n .-G a., Sept. 1966 1--------------------------- 1530-8,
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1966 1 ______________________________ 1465-68,
Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., Mar. 1966 1 ______ _________ 1465-57,
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1966 1___________________________ 1530-13,
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1966 1___________________________ 1530-20,
Dallas, Tex., Nov. 1966 1___________________________ —— 1530-25,
Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111.,
Oct. 1966 1______________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1966 1 ______________________________
Denver, C olo., Dec. 1966______________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1966 1 ________________________
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1966______________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 1966 1_________________________
Green Bay, W is ., Aug. 1966 1_______________________ ___
Greenville, S.C ., May 1966 1__________________________
Houston, Tex., June 1966 1 ____________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1965 1_________________________
Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1966 1___________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 1966__________________________
Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Nov. 1966___________________
Lawrence—Haverhill, M ass.—N.H., June 1966 1 ---------Little Rock—North Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 1966 1____
Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—Santa AnaGarden Grove, C alif., Mar. 1966 1___________________
Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Feb. 1966_______________________
Lubbock, Tex., June 1966 1____________________________
Manchester, N.H., Aug. 1966 1_________________________
Memphis, Tenn.—A rk., Jan. 1966 1 ------------------------------Miami, Fla., Dec. 1966____________________ - __—__ —___
Midland and Odessa, Tex., June 1966 1 _______________


* Data on establishment


Area

Bulletin number
and price

M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1966----------------------------------------------M in n e a p o lis —St. Pa u l, M in n., Jan. 1966_________________
M u sk e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1966 1 ______
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , F e b . 1966 1 _____________
N e w H aven, C o n n . , Jan. 1966 1 ___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 _____________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1966 1______________________________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
H am pto n, V a ., June 1966________________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O k l a . , Aug. 1966 1_______________________

1465-61,
1465-38,
1465-72,
1465-50,
1465-37,
1465-47,
1465-82,

20ce n ts
25ce n ts
25ce n ts
30c e n ts
25c e n ts
20ce n ts
40 ce n ts

1465-77,
1530-6,

20ce n ts
25ce n ts

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents

O m a h a , N e b r .—Iow a , O ct. 1966----------------------------------------P a t e r son—C lif t o n —P a s s a i c , N .J ., M ay 1966 1 ___________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N .J ., N o v. 1965 1____ _________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r. 1966 1__________________ *___________
P it t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1966________________________________
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N o v. 1966_______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h ., M a y 1966 1____ _________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u ck e t—W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
M ay 1 9 6 6 ___________________________________________________
R a le ig h , N . C . , Sept. 1966_________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , Nov. 1966________________________________
R o c k f o r d , III., M a y 1966 1 __ - _____________________________

1530-18,
1465-76,
1465-35,
1465-62,
1465-46,
1530-17,
1465-73,

25ce n ts
25c e n ts
35c e n ts
25 ce n ts
25c e n ts
20ce n ts
25c e n ts

1465-65,
1530-7,
1530-23,
1465-66,

25ce n ts
20c e n ts
25c e n ts
25ce n ts

1530-19,
1465-39,
1530-32,
1465-48,
1465-45,
1530-28,
1530-5,
1465-74,
1465-85,
1465-31,

30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents

St. L o u i s , M o . —111., O ct . 1966 1___________________________
Salt L a ke C it y , Utah, D e c . 1965__________________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , June 1 9 6 6 _____________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e —O n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
Sept. 1966__________________________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 6 1_____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —O akla nd, C a l i f . , Jan. 1966 1______________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1966----------------------------------------------Savannah, G a . , M a y 1966 1________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , Aug. 1966--------------------------------- -----------------S ea ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., O c t . 1966--------- — ----------------------

1530-27,
1465-32,
1465-78,

30c e n ts
20cen ts
20ce n ts

1530-14,
1530-24,
1465-43,
1530-10,
1465-69,
1530-3,
1530-22,

25c e n ts
25c e n ts
30c e n ts
20ce n ts
25ce n ts
20c e n ts
25 c e n ts

1465-44,
1465-41,
1530-26,
1465-80,
1530-1,

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1465-59,
1465-51,
1465-79,
1530-4,
1465-42,
1530-31,
1465-84,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , O ct . 1966___________________________
South B e n d, Ind., M a r . 1966 1_____________________________
S p o k an e , W a s h ., June 1 9 6 6 __ - ____________________________
T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Sept. 1 9 6 6 * ______________
T o l e d o , O hio—M i c h . , F e b . 1966___________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , D e c . 1965__________________________________
W a s h in gto n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , O c t . 1 9 6 6 1_________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1966 1___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a , Nov. 1 9 6 6 1______________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , O ct . 1966 1_______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1966 1___________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1966 1....................................................................
Y o u n gs to w n —W a r r e n , O h io , N ov. 1966........... ........................

1530-12,
1465-55,
1465-75,
1530-9,
1465-49,
1465-34,
1530-15,
1465-52,
1530-21,
1530-1 1,
1465-83,
1465-40,
1530-29,

20c e n ts
25c e n ts
20ce n ts
25c e n ts
20c e n ts
20c e n ts
30ce n ts
25c e n ts
25c e n ts
25c e n ts
25c e n ts
25ce n ts
25ce n ts

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.