View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

A re a Wage S urvey

The Dayton, Ohio, M etropolitan Area
January 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T I S T I CS

r e g io n

|
V

11
1

PHIUAOEUPHIA

Region I
Region II
1603-B Federal Building
341 Ninth Ave.
Government Center
New York, N.Y. 10001
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
Federal Office Building
Chicago, 111. 60604
911 Walnut S t., 10th Floor
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Dayton, Ohio, Metropolitan Area




January

1969

Bu lletin No.

1625-42
M ay 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 35 cents




P reface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d ata by s e le c t e d in d u str y d iv isio n fo r each
o f t h e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r th e
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in t h e p r o g r a m i s
t h e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( 1 ) t h e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d ( 2 ) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e and le v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u str y d i v i s i o n s .
At the end of e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u al a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r ea c h a r e a stu d ied .
A fter
c o m p le tio n o f a ll of the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a round
of s u r v e y s , a tw o - p a rt s u m m a r y b u lletin is is s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s i n f o r ­
m a tio n w hich h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d t h e
U n it e d S t a t e s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

A.

B.
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s bien n ially.
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y in
D a y t o n , O h i o , in J a n u a r y 19 6 9 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
through Ja n u a r y 1968, c o n s is t s of G r e e n e , M ia m i, M ont­
g o m e r y , and P r e b l e C o u n t ie s .
T h is stud y w a s con ducted
by th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111. , u n d e r th e
g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n of W oodrow C. L in n , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l
D ir e c to r for O p e ra tio n s.




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ______________________________________________________
In d e x e s of sta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s tr a ig h t - t im e
h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ________________________
O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s - m e n a n d w o m e n ________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s ^ - m e n a n d
w o m e n _________________________________________________________
A - 3.
O ffice, p r o f e s s io n a l, and tech n ical o ccu p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s:
B - l . M in im u m e n tran c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en office
w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________
B-2.
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ____________________________________________
B-3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _____________________________________
B-4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s __________________________________________________
B-5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________________
B-6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s _____________________
B-7.
M ethod of w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n and fre q u e n c y of
p a y m e n t _______________________________________________________

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s
areas.
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r . )

a r e a v a ila b le for other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n i n g s in t h e D a y t o n a r e a i s
a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e l e c t e d food s e r v i c e o c c u p a tio n s ( J a n ­
uary
1 9 6 9 ).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y
l e v e l s , a r e a v a i la b le fo r building c o n str u c tio n ; p rin tin g;
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s ,
h e l p e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a tio n s.

4

6
7
10
11
12
13

15
16
17
18
19
22
23
24




Area Wage Survey---The Dayton, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
Thi's a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w h i c h t h e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fro m th ese stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e
occupati.ons stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a t e tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w hich m e e t p u b li­
cation c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th o se h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s d ata exclu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late s h ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed . W h ere w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o t h e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y
fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in gs fo r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h ave b e e n ro u n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
The a v e r a g e s p resen ted re fle ct com po site, areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
sta ffin g and, th u s , c o n trib u te d if fe r e n t ly to the e s t i m a t e s fo r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffe r­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y t h e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , alth o ugh the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly
w it h in th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
t h a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
t h e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n t s a r e given th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b elo w the m in im u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O cc u p atio n s and E a r n in g s
Th e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stud y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of th e
follow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stud y
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
the jo b t it l e s a r e fo r a ll in d u s t r i e s co m b in ed . E a r n i n g s d a ta fo r s o m e
of t h e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
of i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e of the s t u d y a n d not t h e n u m b e r
actu ally su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m t h e s a m p l e , of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e
t h e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y t h e a c c u r a c y of th e
e a r n in g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s io n s a s they
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
r e l a t e to p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u tiv e , and
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , a n d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t i l i z e d
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
a s a s e p a r a t e w ork fo rc e a r e excluded.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e
partment of Labor.




1

2
w o rk in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in cludin g le a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s"
in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s an d n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c le r ic a l or re la te d fu n ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B -1) r e l a t e o n l y t o t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e of th e o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , a n d th e p r o b a b i l i t y t h a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h ave f o r m a l e n tran ce r a t e s for w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l t h a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s of t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t t h e t i m e of th e
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g t o a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la te - sh ift h o u rs a r e paid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe ren tial w a s re c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y of t h e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) of a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l o f th e p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch ed uled
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o rk , w hether they w e r e p a id fo r at s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r tim e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s; paid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in su r a n c e , and p en sio n
p l a n s ; an d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on t h e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l
p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t i c e s lis t e d .
S u m s of in d ivid u al
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
rounding.
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n t h o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d t h e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o ff.
The fir s t

p a r t of t h e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s t h e n u m b e r o f w h o l e a n d h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . The s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h alf
h o lid a y s to show t o ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (tab le B - 5 ) i s l im ite d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v i s io n s .
It i s n o t i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e of the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s of l e n g t h of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th er than a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s an d
th o se w hich o ffe r "e x t e n d e d " or " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f its b eyond b a s i c
p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w it h q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t . S u c h p la n s in clu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it te n by a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d th r o u g h a union fund o r p a id d i r e c t l y by
t h e e m p l o y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e
fo r this p u r p o se .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p l a n
if t h e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e
p la n , e v e n if l e s s th an a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e r e r e q u ir e d to co n trib u te t o w a r d the c o s t of the p la n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s, such a s w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n satio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u rity , and r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o t h a t t y p e of
i n s u r a n c e u n d e r w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
t o th e i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d fo r a ll su ch p la n s to w hich the e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
How­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i lit y in su r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s of p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f t h e
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f t h e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d
s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
C a ta stro p h e in su r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a jo r m e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p ita liz a t io n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p la n s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
p a y m e n t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
Such p la n s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n su r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on p rofit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r they m a y
b e p a i d f o r b y t h e e m p l o y e r ou t o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r t h i s p u r p o s e .
T a b u la t io n s of * r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to t h o s e p la n s
t h a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r t h e r e m a i n d e r o f th e w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
M e t h o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b l e B - 7 ) r e l a t e s t o b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a n d i n ­
c e n tiv e s y s t e m s . U n d er a sin g le r a t e s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e i s p a id
t o a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in t h e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
u a l w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be pa id a b o v e o r b elow the s in g le r a te




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but su c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t io n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s the m in im u m a n d / o r m a x im u m r a t e p a id e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t h e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on the
m e t h o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , t h e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f th e i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
t h e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s of i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n l y
f o r p l a n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of th e lo w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U nder a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e te r m in e d r a te is paid
f o r e a c h u n it of o u t p u t . P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d on p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n of a j o b in l d s s t h a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of v a l u e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n o f a s t a t e d s a l a r y
plus a p e rc e n ta g e .
D ata
tab le B - 7 .

on f r e q u e n c y

of w a g e

paym ent

also

are

provided

in

4

Table 1. Establishments and Workers Within Scope of Survey and Number Studied in Dayton, O h io ,1 by Major Industry Division, 2 January 1969
Number of establishments
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study 8

Studied
T otal4

Studied

Plant

Offtce

Number
.

509

Manufacturing______________________________________

50

240
269

Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 ____
— _— ___
Wholesale trade________________________________
Retail trade___ — __
_ —
—
— —
Finance, insurance, and real estate------------S e rv ic e s8 -----------------------------------------------------------

50
50
50
50
50

32
31
131
19
56

A ll divisions

_

___

Percent

132

167,200

100

121,600

19,900

119,960

65
67

121,200
4 6 ,0 0 0

72
28

9 3 ,0 0 0
2 8 ,6 0 0

12,800
7, 100

9 6 ,0 1 0
23,9 5 0

16
7
21
7
16

8, 700
3 ,6 0 0
2 2 ,8 0 0
3, 200
7, 700

5
2
14
2
5

Total4

5, 000
(6)
(6)
(7)
(6)

1,600
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

7, 070
1, 190
11,360
1,6 5 0
2 ,6 8 0

1 The Dayton Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, consists of Greene, M iam i, M ontgomery, and Preble Counties. The
"w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are
not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the
use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a l l industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not
designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in estimates
for "a l l industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit mem bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




About three-fourths of the workers within scope of the survey in the Dayton area
were employed in manufacturing firm s.
The following presents the m ajor industry groups
and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Machinery, except
electrical_______________________ 29
E lectrical equipment and
supplies________________________ 23
Printing and publishing--------------- 10
Rubber and plastics products— 9
Transportation equipment_____7

Specific industries
Office and computing
Household appliances___________13
E lectrical industrial
apparatus________ - _____________ 9
Fabricated rubber products____7
Motor vehicles and equipment— 6
P erio d icals______________________ 6

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials compiled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and
late sh ifts.
The p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d ata fo r s e le c t e d key o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
These e stim a te s are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e a r e a .

L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C om p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e i n a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w ag e s m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y h ave r e m a in e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n sta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n sid e ra b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
i n the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se c o n sta n t w eights r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
e m ploy m en ts w h erev er p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in t h e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
The index
i s t h e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y t h e r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Continued
Carpenters
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Clerics, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerics, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerics, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m aterial handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in th e d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for ov ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2.

In d e x e s of S ta n d a rd W eekly S a l a r i e s and S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u rly E a r n i n g s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G r o u p s
in D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n u a r y 1969 a n d J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
Indexes
( J a n u a r y 1961=100)

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p

Jan u ary
1969

Jan u ary
1968

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e
Jan uary
1968
to
Jan uary
1969

J anuary
1967
to
Jan u ary
1968

Jan u ary
1966
to
Jan u ary
1967

J anuary
1965
to
J anuary
1966

Jan u ary
1964
to
Jan u ary
1965

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________

129.
148.
136.
128.

7
0
6
2

124.
139.
127.
122.

1
6
4
2

4.
6.
7.
4.

5
0
2
9

4.
10.
7.
3.

4
6
8
1

5.
5.
5.
6.

4
8
3
3

1.
2.
4.
3.

9
6
2
2

3. 5
4. 9
1 .4
3. 3

M an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________

130.
145.
136.
133.

8
6
8
0

123.
137.
127.
126.

5
3
5
0

5.
6.
7.
5.

9
I
3
5

4.
10.
8.
4.

3
2
0
1

4.
6.
5.
5.

9
3
4
8

3.
2.
4.
3.

1
6
3
7

3.
5.
1.
3.

Jan uary
1963
to
J anuary
1964

Jan uary
1962
to
J anuary
1963

Jan uary
1961
to
Jan u ary
1962

8
0
3
2

De c e m b e r
1959
to
J anuary
1961

A ll i n d u s t r i e s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
_
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w o m en )_
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________

1 .4
2. 8
2. 7
.5

3.
3.
2.
2.

3
8
6
0

2.
4.
.
2.

1
0
8
1

4.
8.
3.
5.

0
6
6
0

M an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________

.
1.
2.
2.

3. 2
3. 8
2. 7
1 .8

1.
2.
.
2.

6
9
7
7

4.
9.
3.
4.

3
7
6
9




5
8
5
3

7

A.

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n u a r y 1969)
W eekly e a r n in g s1
(standard )
N um ber

Number of w orkers

$

$

A ve rage
w eek ly

$

$

S

$

S

r e c e i v i n g str a ig h t- t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f —

$

S

occupation,

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

$

t

$

i

$

workers

( standard)

M en2

M e d ian 2

t

$

$

$

$

s

$'

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 0C

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

18C

190

200

210

60

Sex,

55

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

183

190

2CC

210

over

10

21
19

14

23

M iddle range 2

MEN
118
80

$
1 34.00
137.00
128.00

37

A CC OUN TI NG,

4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0.0
4 C .0

126.50

1 2 6 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

1 29.50

CLE RKS ,

1 3 6 .5 0

1 0 7 .5 0 1 0 7 .5 0 7 6 .0 0 8 0 .5 0 -

NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS ,

AC COUNTI NG,

$
$
$
1 3 4 . CO 1 2 1 . 0 0 - 1 5 3 . 0 0
132 .5 0 1 2 2 .5 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
142 .5 0 1 0 1 .0 0 161.00

3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0
87.5 0

8 6 .50
8 8 .5 0

30
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

183.00
185.50

193 .0 0
1 9 4 .5 0

1

1 6 2 .0 0 -2 0 8 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0 -2 0 8 .5 0

1 3 6 . CO

TA BU LA TI N G- MA C HI N E

16

1

1 46.00
146.00

59

TA B UL AT I NG- MA C HI NE

1

15

1 1 9 . 0 0 - 1 5 9 . Cu

9 7 .5 0
97 .5 0

10
10

2

8
8

OPERATORS,
1

O PE R A T O R S ,

i

1

2

4

3

3

6

6

WOMEN
BILLERS,

MACHINE

(BILLIN G

BILLERS,

MACHINE

( BOOKKE EPI NG

4 0 .0

4 0 .0

4 0 .0

BOOKKE EPI NG- MA CHI NE

103 .0 0

8 0 .5C -123.00

92.5 0

9 4 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

106.50
11 2 .0 0

11 3 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 0 2.00

9 1 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

78
34

200

4 0 .0

47

39.5

99.5 0
1 03.50
86 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
91.5 0

127
110

3 9.5
39.5

1 19.00
12 9 .0 0
10 7 .5 0

1 1 2.00
1 2 8 .0 0
1 0 6.00

87.50
94 .5 0
84 .0 0

87 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
86 .0 0

AC COUNTI NG,

NCNMANUFACTURING
CLERKS ,

14

ACCOUNTING,
143
306

NONMANUFACTURING

10

39.5
3 9 .0

7 9 .5 0 8 4 .0 0 7 8 .0 0 -

67

3 9.0

10 9 .5 0

1 0 9.00

3 8.0
3 9 .0
3 9.0

89.50
82.5 0
88.0 0

9 1 .5 0
80.5 0
95.5 0

8 3 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 7 4 .5 0 -

308
128

4 0 .0
3 9.5

87.5 0
8 6 .0 0

8 7 .50
85.0 0

7 9 .5 0 7 4 .0 0 -

9 6 .5 0
96.0 0

MANUFACTURING —
at e n d




~
o f table.

14

21
1
20

26

51
19
32

63
10
53

66
25
61

20
17

45
36

15
15

35
35

16

63
22
41

41
19
22

19
19

12

75
21
54

44

27
22

21
21

11

35

5

16

8

23

23
13

20
11

43
14
5

58

21

48

57

34

29

99.0 0
96.5 0
9 9 .0 0

footnotes

24
23
1

19

24
12

95.0 3
105.00
92.5 0

355
88
44

See

18
16
2

1

1

1 0 2 .0 0 1 3 3.00
1 1 1 .0 0 1 4 5.00
9 6 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

C LA SS

FILE,

22
12
10

22

i

8 9 . 5 0 - 1 1 3 . CO
9 5 . 0 0 - 1 2 2 . CO
7 4 .5 0 - 9 4 .5 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C LA SS
NCNMANUFACTURING

CLERKS,

23

O P E RA TO RS ,

NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS ,

1

O P ER A TO RS ,

NONMANUFACTURING
BOOKKE EPI NG- MA CHI NE

9 9 . CO

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

1

13

21

42

20

46

24
24

1

16
14

1

8
8

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n u a r y 1969)
W eekly e a r n in g s1
(standard )
N um ber

an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

occu pation ,

workers

Number of w orkers
1

55

w eek ly
( standard)

M“ " 2

M e d ian 2

236
115
121

4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 C .0

<39.50
114.50
85.00

9 4 . GO
1 0 3 . CO
8 2 .5 0

81 .5 C -1 C 7 .5 C
9 5 . 5 0 - 1 4 5 . OC
7 4 . 0 0 - 9 2 . CC

-

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C LA S S A ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

230

3 9 .C 102.00
3 9.0 113.00
93 .5 0
39 .5

96.5 0
106.50
91.5 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
8 6 . 5 0 - 9 9 . CC

-

KEYPUNCH O PE R A T O R S , C LA SS B
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

239
161

100
130

39 .5

7 9 . 50

1,126
748
378

SFCRETAR I F S 4 ----------------MANUFACTURING —
NCNMANUFACTURING

78

3 9.5
39. 5
39.0

42

GIRLS

85

90

$

S

95

100

i

1

110

120

t

130

$

$
140

150

$
16C

S

170

i

180

$

1 9C

1 -------

200

210
and

65

7C

80

85

90

95

ICO

110

120

8

6

13

5

8

33
27

12

1

5

6

20
12
8

17

3
5

5

5

15

20
1

16
16

39
29

9
7

-

10

26

47
34
13
35
26

75

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5

126.00

97 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

$

9 2 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
9 2 . 5 0 - 1 3 1 . OC
9 2 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

8C .5 0 -1 C 9 .5 0
8 C .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
8 1 . 0 0 - 9 9 . CC

-

77.5 0

7 3 .0 0 -

130

1 4C

150

160

17C

180

17

29

12

21
8

35
2C
15

2
2

3
3

4
4

200

11
11

-

19C

210

over

-

-

17

-

35
17
18

37
15

-

11
6

6
6

-

22

79
45
34

48
25
23

14r
99
41

-

-

-

-

3
3

4
4

-

-

-

8

16

4
4

8

i
i

"

-

~

-

-

15
15

.

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

8
8

10

2C

2

5
3

2

3

2

12
11

17
3
14

-

14
7
7

10
8

14
14

18
18

i
i

178
104
74

15 7
10 8
49

1 19
51

69
42
27

2
2

6

6

6

5

6

27
24

23
18
5

35
18
17

57
35

48
32
16

25
18
7
7

l

5

-

16
4

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

73
42
31

41
41

30
33

-

-

2
3

2
2

3

4

4
4

1

-

-

32
17
15

37
14
23

14
14

5
5

3
3

4

11
11

V

-

-

-

30
24

24
24

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

*

-

1C

2

13 5 .5 0
1 36.50
1 3 4 . 5C

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 1 4 . 3 0 - 1 6 2 . CO
1 0 4 . 0 0 - 1 5 4 . CO

-

1 3 4 . CO 1 1 7 . 0 C - 1 6 5 . 0 0
1 4 9 . 5 0 1 2 4 . 5 0 - 1 7 7 . CC
1 1 8 . CO l l l . 0 C - 1 3 C . 5 0
1 3 9 . 5 0 1 1 2 . 0 0 - 1 4 9 . 5C

-

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5

1( 1.00

199
77

39.5
39.5
3.1 .5

1 26.50
133.50
I C 8 .CC

59
34
23

3 9.0
3 9.0
3 9 .0

1 1 5 . 5 J 1 1 5 . CO
9 8 .5 0 -1 2 9 .C C
1 23.00 12 5 .5 3 1 0 4 .5 0 -1 4 5 .5 0
U 5 .0 0 1 0 6.50
9 2 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

Sk I TCHhOAPu C P T R A T O R S , C LA SS H --------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

92
77

4 1.0
4 1 .0

80.50
77 .0 0

7 9 . CO
76.5 0

6 9 .0 0 6 8 .5 0 -

9C .C C
8 6 . 5C

-

S k I T CU BC A RC O P E R A T C R - R E C E P T I C N I S T S MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NCNMANUEACTURING ------------------------------------

1 84

4 C. 0
4 ;. O
3 7.5

9 2 . "O
9 4 .5 C
8 7 .00

9 1 .50
9 3 .50
89.5 0

8 2 . 5 0 - 9 7 . 5C
8 4 .5 C -1 C 1 .5 0
8 1 . 5 0 - 9 3 . CO

_

of table.

9
3
9

377

at end

12

7
13
-

1 C6 . 0 C 1 : 7 . 5 0

62

20

-

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5

12?

18

-

427
256
171

N N A U C U IN ----------------C M N FA T R G

28

15

S E C RETA RIES, CLASS 0
MANUFACTURING ------------NCNMANUFACTURING

S k i T C H e D A R r O PE R A T O R S , C LA S S A --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

8

35

18

_

1 1 1 . 5 0 - 1 4 5 . CO
1 2 2 .0 C -1 5 C .5 0
9 6 . 5 0 - 1 2 6 . Of

4
17

8

4

6

ll 'j . 5 0 -1 6 2 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 6 C .5 0

1 2 9 . 5C
1 3 9 . CO
1 0 7.50

l
"

11

-

6

4 0 .0 1 3 R .50
4 0 .0 1 47.30
3 9 .5 1 19 .0 0
3 9 . C 131.5C

276

36

1

385
269
11 6
28

S TENOGRAPHERS , SE NI OR
MANUFACTURING ---------NCNMANUEACTURING -

46

“

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA S S C
MANUFACTURING -----------NCNMANUFACTURING ----P U BL I C U T I L I T I E S 3

157

21

~

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5

220

4

-

257
172
85

MANUFACTURING -----------NCNMANUFACTURING —

1

22
10
12

1 3 4 . CO
132.50

9 4 .5 C -iC H .5 C
9 b . O f - 1 1 C . 53
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

19

-

2

36

3 9 .C 140.00
3 9.0 13 8 .5 0

I O C . 50
I C 3 . 0 0 10 3.C C
98.5 0
9 8 .0 3

13

37
23
14

28
15
13

SE C R E TA R IE S, CLASS H
MANUFACTURING -----------NCNMANUFACTURING —

general

14

22
1
21

14
14

48
42

1 3 f t . 50
1 0 4 .5 0

14

13
9
4

1 0 4 .5 C -1 4 5 .0 C
1 0 7 . 0 0 - 1 5 5 . CO
9 8 . 0 0 - 1 3 2 . CC

106.50
10.5.00

19

2
2

1 2 1 . CO
1 2 4 . CO
1 1 5 . CO

93.0C -12C .0C
9 5 .5 0 -1 7 C .5 C
9 0 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

i

19
-

-

131.00
1 15.50

1 37.50
1 41.50
1 2 9 .0 0

-

-

9 1 . CO
96.5 0
8 8 . CO

95 .5 0

-

-

S E C RETA RIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------------




80

8

CGMPTQMFTFR OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING -■

$

footnotes

75

9

1 11.50
113.50
1 0 7 .0 0

$
1 0 9 .0 0
109.50
108.50

$

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5

See

70

r e ce iv in g s traigh t- tim e w eek ly earnings of—
$

s

CONTI NUED

207
148
59

stenographers*

65

$

t

under

C L E R K S , PAYROLL -------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

OFFICE

60

i

M iddle range 2

60

WOMEN -

s

$

t

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

_

-

-

2
2

-

-

6
6

6
-

6

18

4
-

-

2

12
6

_

-

-

-

4

"

-

-

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

24
24

9

9

12

13

3

11
2

-

3
3
-

1
1

15
9

8

9

h

*

3

8

24

8

8

22
2

12

4

4

4
3
35
24

e

35
19
16
3
75
5i
23

3

61

20

2

68

41
3

22

b3
53

71
50

v:

?1

30
13
17

34
16
18

25
7
18

46
24

22

n

23
5
18

20
10
10

3C
14
16

83
43
40

10
2
8

7
3
4

7

14

24

2

2
12

12
12

2
1

4

7

3

2
1

2
1

5

11

3

4

17
17

15

q

6

S

8
7
25
9
16

i

3

12
11
16

11
5

1C
65
28
27

UP

25

3

22

2
1

3u
17
13

44
31
13

41

7

7 1.
4c

51
32
19

14
7
7

3

3

5
2
3

68
66
2

23
23

-

11
11

14
14

-

"

-

4
8

10

62
62

2

2

3

-

2

-

-

-

-

41
41

54
54

11

-

-

3

10
lv

i

v>

-

6
6

4

l

14
13

9

-

-

-

_

*

-

-

-

21

2
2

1
1

-

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dayton, Ohio, January 1969)
We ekl y earnings
(standard)

*

Numbe r

Number of workers receiving straight- time veekly earnings of$

A ve rage

1

s

$

5

t

t

55
!standard)

M ""2

Me d ia n 2

65

70

75

80

85

9C

95

100

11 j

120

130

1AC

150

16C

170

18C

ISC

200

210

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

lie

1 21

130

140

150

160

17C

180

19 C

2CC

210

over

-

-

"

-

2

5

2

-

i;

2

ie

of

60

60

Sex, occupation, and industry division

1C

13

3
-

7
7

81

62

Mi ddl e range 2

WM
U FN - CONTINUED
TABULATING-!* ACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------

42

$
$
$
$
3 9.5 1 22.50 11 7 .5 0 1 0 2.50-1A 1.0 C

1

8

2

33
25

1A
1A

29
29

-

-

9

1

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,
3 s .5
TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------

2 58
169
630

8

88.0 0

3 9.5 1 06.00 10 1.50
3 9.5 1 11.50 10A.5C
9 A. 50

9 0 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

3 9 .5

7 A .0 0 - 9 7 . 5C

8 7 .5 0

8 6 .C
O

-

-

3
-

-

-

9C

8

4
17
8

2
3A
27
7

71

63

16

2

41
15

13
8

49
28
21

14
7
7

108

44

29

28

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

5A

rt

5

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates) , and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers.
The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than
the higher rate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 M ay include w o r k e r s




other

th an t h o s e

presented

separately.

10

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dayton, Ohio, January 1969)
Weekl y e ar ni ng s 1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

weekly

75

8C

85

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

18C

190

2CC

21J

22C

23C

240

250

75

Sex, occupation, and industry division

70

80

85

9C

100

110

120

130

140

150

166

170

j

eJ

190

200

21C

220

230

240

25C

ovei

( standard)

CLASS

344

4 0 .0

2 0 2 .5 0

1 9 8 . CO

1 9 0 .5 0 -

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

269

4 0 .0

20 1 .5 0

1 9 4 .5 0

1 9 0 .5 0 -

2 2 4 .0 0

CLASS

310

4C .0

167 .5 0

1 6 7 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -

1 8 8 .5 0

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

228

4 0 .0

1 6 4 .5 0

1 6 2 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0 -

1 8 6.00

1 2 7 .5 0

1 2 5 . CO

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN,

CRAFTSMEN,

DRAFTSMFN,

(.LASS

232

MANUFAC FU RIN G

177

IN D U STRIAL

M ANU FA C TU R IN G

--

(R EG IS TERED )

-- -

12 3 .0 0

4 C .0

1 0 4.00

1 0 2 .5 0

8 5 .0 0 -

1 1 3.50

54

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

1 2 5.50

119

CRAFTSM FN-TRACERS

NURSES,

2 2 3 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 13.0 0

13 4 .5 0

8 4 .0 0 -

1 4 3.00

4 0 .0

1 5 0.00

15 1 .5 0

1 3 6 . 0 0 - 1 6 8 . CO

4 0 .0

1 4 9 .0 0

1 5 1 .0 0

1 3 4 .5 C -1 6 6 .5 0

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates),
to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .




and the earnings correspond

11

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dayton, Ohio, January 1969)
Ave rage

Ave rage

Occupation and industry division

Weekl y

Weekl y

Weekl y

Occupation and industry division

earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS

(standard)

O FFIC E

O CCUPATIO N S

-

Weekl y
earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry divisi

O FFICE

CON TINU ED

Weekl y
(standard)

O CCUPATIO N S

-

(standard)

C O NTINUED

$
B ILL F R S ,

M ACHINE

M ACHINE)

(R ILLIN G

KEYPUNCH

$

----------------------------------------------

4 0 .0

103 .0 0

OPERATORS,

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

M ACHINE

M ACH IN E)

230

3 0 .5

97 .0 0

--------------------------------------

161

3 9 .5
39.0
3 0 .5

8 4 . OG

4 3 .0

9 2 .5 0

3 9.5

1 1 2 .0 0

BOYS

AND

G I R L S -----------------------------------------------------------------

184

4 J.C

0 2 . OC

1 0 0 .5 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

122

4 0 .0

0 4 .5 0

9 0 .0 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

62

3 0 .5

8 7 . CC

35

4 0 .0

1 8 0 .0 0

33

4 0 .0

1 8 2 .0 0

3 9 .5

130.

3 9 .0

6 9 .0 0

-------------------------------

37

4 0 .0

7 5 . 50

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 -------------------------------------------------

1 ,134

3 0 .5

1 2 6 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

N O NM ANUFACTURING

OPERATORS,

------------------------------------------------

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

78

O PER A TO R -R EC EPTIO N IS TS -

-----------------------------

TABU LATIN G -M ACH IN E

OPERATORS,

1 0 6.50

4

O FFICE

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

A

-------------------------------

SW ITCHBO ARD

(B O O K KE EPIN G

----------------------------------------------

BOO KKEEPIN G -M ACH IN E
CLASS

B

------------

NONMANUFACTURING
B ILL E R S ,

CLASS

l

.C

CLASS

A

------------------------------------------------------------

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

-----------------------------------------

TABU LATIN G -M ACH IN E

O PERATO RS,

3 0 .G

----------------------

59 .0 0

OPERATORS,

CLASS

B

------------------------------------------------

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

-----------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

----------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

753

39.5

N O NM ANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING
BOO KKEEPIN G -M ACH IN E

-------------------------------

381

3 0 .5

1 1 5 .5 0

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

-----------------------------------------

54

3 0 .5

1 4 5.00

L T 1 L I T I E S 2 --------------------------

1 01

30.5

1 2 3.50

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

34

4 0 .0

1C 6 .5 0

------------------------

3 9 .0

1 4 0.00

--------------------------------------

39.0

1 3 8.50

PU BLIC
Z OO

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 3.50

AT

30.5

8 6.00

ACCO UN TIN G ,

CLASS

CLASS

A

—

355

3 9.5

C

39.5

1 3 7 .5 0

G E N E R A L ------------------------------------------------------------

96

3 0 .5

8B .50

172

3 9 .5

141 .5 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

77

3 0 .5

86 .0 0

87

3 9 .5

1 2 9.50

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

37

4 0 .0

1 3 4 .5 3

NCNM ANUFACTURING

A86

3 9 .5

9 0 .5 0

163

30.0

9 9 . OC

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

323

4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0

NCNM ANUFACTURING

fc

-------------------------------

T Y P IS T S ,
ACCO U N TIN G ,

CLASS

B

—

------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

----------------------

CLASS

C

-----------------------

3 9 .0

I C O . 50

372

38.5

3 9 . 50

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

----------------------

97

30.0

8 3 .0 0

NCNM ANUFACTURING

S EC R ETAR IES ,

0

CLASS

------------------------

430

3 9 .5

1 0 6 .0 0

--------------------------------------

250

4 0 .0

432

3 0 .5

9 2 .0 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

201

3 9 .0

171

30.5

10 5 .0 0

7 8 .5 0

------------------------

377

3 9 .5

22G

3 9 .5

10 3 .0 0

157

3 9 .5

98 .0 0

--------------------------

276

3 9 .5

1 2 6 .5 0

--------------------------------------

199

30.5

1 3 3.50

77

3 8 .5

63

3 0 .0

1 1 6.00

34

3 0 .0

1 2 3.00

20

3 9 .5

1 C 7 .5 C

92

4 1 .0

8 0 .5 0

77

4 1 .0

7 7 .0 0

160

30.5

9 6 .5 0

NCNM ANUFACTURING

--------------------------------

22A

4 0 .0

1 1 4 .0 0

-----------------------------

165

4 0 .0

1 1 6 .5 0

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

39.5

1 0 7.00

NCNM ANUFACTURING

GENERAL

-------------------------------

SENIO R

-------------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
CRAFTSMEN,

------------------

236

4 0 .0

09 .5 0

-----------------------------

115

4 0 .0

1 1 4 . 5G

----------------------

121

4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0

CLASS

230

3 9 .0

1 0 3 .5 0

101

3 9 .0

1 1 3.00

138

3 9 .5

9 6 .5 0

OPERATORS

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

NONMANUFACTURING

S W ITCHBO ARD

OPERATORS,

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

CLASS

A

—

--------------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING

-------------------------------

CLASS

M A N U FA C TU R IN G
DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

M A N U FA C TU R IN G
DRAFTSMEN,

COMPTOMETER

B

1 0 8 .0 0

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

-----------------------------

-------------------------------

8 9 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS,

CLASS

1 0 1 .0 0

--------------------------------------

3 9 .0
4 0 .C

STENOGRAPHERS,

T Y PIS TS ,

1 C 6 .5 C

3 AO

----------------------

87 .5 0

1 3 2.00

------------------

PAYROLL

3 9 .5

1 1 9.00

39.0

------------------

NCNM ANUFACTURING

633

30.5

29

A

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

9 7 . GO

-----------------------------------------

117

B

C LER KS ,

1 1 1 .5 C

3 0 .5

-------------------------------

CLASS

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

1 C 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

95

L T I L I T I E S 2 --------------------------

CLASS

-------------------------------------

3 0 .5

169

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

1 4 7 .0 0

F I L E ,

U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------

264

-----------------------------------------

13 8 .5 0

F I L E ,

ORDER

-----------------------------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

C LERKS,

PU BLIC

A

387
270

--------------------------------------

C LERKS,

CLERKS,

(.LA SS

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

SECRET A R IfS ,

PU BLIC

NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS

M ANU FA C TU R IN G

OPERATORS,

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

A

—

-----------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

-------------------- --

S W ITCHBO ARD

OPERATORS,

NCNM ANUFACTURING

CLASS

B

—

-------------------------------

A

------------------------------------

344

4 0 .0

20 2 .5 0

-----------------------------------------

269

4 0 .0

2 0 1 .5 0

317

4 C .0

167 .5 0

-----------------------------------------

B

235

4 C .0

1 6 4 . 5G

NURSES,

C

1 2 7 . OC

------------------------------------

255

4 0 .0

178

4 0 .0

125 .5 0

---------------------------------------

145

4 C .0

1 0 1 .5 0

-----------------------------------------

1 1 4 .0 0

56

4 0 .0

------

82

4 0 .0

1 4 9 .5 0

-----------------------------------------

75

4 0 .0

1 4 8 .5 0

IN D U STRIA L

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

-------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------

CRAFTSM EN -TRACERS
M A N U FA C TU R IN G

KEYPUNCH

OPERATORS,

250

1 1 2 .5 0

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

O PERATO RS,

----------------------------------------------------

------------------------

l 3 2.00

4 C .0

C LER KS ,

88

--------------------------------------

CLASS

39.5

1A 8

U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------

CLASS

TR A N S C R IPIN G -M A CH IN E
S EC R ETAR IES ,

207

PU B LIC

A

1 2 4 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------NONM ANUFACTURING

----------------------

------------------------------------------------------------

TA B U LATIN G -M ACH IN E
S EC R ETA R IES ,

M A N U FA C TU R IN G
C LER K S ,

B

99 .5 0

153

CLASS

(R E G IS TE R E D )

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 May include workers other than those presented separately.




12
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dayton, Ohio, January 1969)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

H o u r ly earnings 1

t

S
2 .5 0

$
2 .60

t
2.7C

$
2 .8 0

.9 0

3 .0 0

$
3 . 10

t
3 .20

S
3 30

s
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

S
3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

$
3 .80

$
3.90

$
$
4 . CO 4 . 2 0

*
4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

$
4 .8 0

S
5 .0 0

2 .4 0

Occupation and industry division
workers

$
2 .40

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 . 8C 2 .9 0

.0 0

3 .1 0

3 .20

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3.50

3 .6 0

3.70

3 .80

3 .9 0

4 .00

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

over

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

4

-

~

2

7
7

1
1

15
15

12
12

1

4
4

27
27

4
3

-

38
36

47
44

-

-

_

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

24
24

5
5

16
16

6
6

44
44

i
i

57
52

47
43

31

-

25
25

63
63

227
227

4
4

9
7

19
18

2
2

8
8

5
3

2
1

7
7

-

-

4

3
3

54
54

4

16
16

-

-

8
8

2
2

_

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

S
2 .30

N umb e r
Mean*

Median 2

M i d d l e range 2

and

under

$

$

$

$

C A R P E N T E R S , MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

167

4 .1 5

4 .4 9

3 .6 9 -

4 .6 1

155

4 .1 6

4 .5 1

3 .6 9 -

4.61

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

551

4 .2 5

4 .5 2

3 .9 2 -

4 .6 4

512

4 .2 5

4 .5 6

3 .9 1 -

4 .6 4

E N GI N E ER S , S T A T I ON A RY ------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

117

4 .0 6

3.99

3 .3 9 -

4 .6 6

111

4 .0 9

4 .5 7

3 .3 9 -

4 .6 6

F I RE M EN , S T A T I ON A RY B C I L E R ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

48

3 .5 8

3 .6 3

3 .2 6 -

3 .9 6

44

3 .6 9

3 .6 5

3 .4 3 -

3.04

3 .0 7

2 .9 2 -

-

-

-

-

3 .9 9

-

~

3 .3 2

~

3
3

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

2
2

3
3

1
1

_

-

-

4
4

1
1

_

_

_

12
2

28

17

_

8
8

-

2
2

4
3

-

3
3

-

H E L PE R S , MAINTENANCE TRADES ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

l i e
57

3.03

3 .0 9

2 .3 7 -

3 .6 3

21
21

-

-

"

-

4
4

M ACHI NE- TOOL O P E R A T O R S , TOOLRCCM —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

836

4 .6 1

4 .7 2

4 .6 0 -

4 .7 9

-

-

-

-

_

-

835

4 .6 1

4 .7 2

4 .6 0 -

4 .7 9

-

-

-

-

M A C H I N I S T S , MAINTENANCE --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------- --------------------------------

416

4 .4 0

4 .6 5

3 .9 8 -

4 .7 7

-

410

4 .4 1

4 .6 6

3 .9 8 -

4 .7 7

187

3 .7 3

3.70

3 .5 2 -

3 .9 0

106

3 .9 2

3 .7 3

3 .5 6 -

3 .5 9

3 .2 5 -

3 .8 4

MECHANI CS,

MAINTENANCE ----------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------

MI LLWRI GHTS

-------------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------- ------------------------------

O I LE RS

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

8 1

_

_

6

_

27
27

2
2

3
3

41
41

i
i

fc

-

2
2

6

i
i

108
108

436
436

191
191

7
7

17
17

“

14
14

29
29

19
19

16
15

11
11

27

2

22

40
40

160
160

71
71

50
48
?

4

26
16

23
3
?C

4
3
i

2
2

28
28

5
5

3C
4

9
9

25
25

65
65

3 .7 9

3 .0 5 -

3 .8 7

3 .6 7

3 .4 C -

4 .2 7

_

_

_

-

-

*

-

-

3.82

3 .6 0

3 .3 9 -

4 .2 6

4 .6 ?

4 .C 6 -

4 .3 4

4 .6 2

4 • C6-

42
42

212
2 12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
30

_

1

-

-

50
50

206

3

15

V

3

2

2

15
3

_

-

6
6

77
77

21
20

-

4

5

_

9
9

3
3

14
14

4 .6 6

128

3.50

3 .6 3

3 .2 9 -

3 .6 7

127

3.50

3.63

3 .2 9 -

P A I N T E R S , MAINTENANCE -------------------------------MANUFAC T U R I N G --------------------------------------------

102

4 . C9

4 .3 2

3 .7 8 -

4 .5 2

9C

4 .1 4

4 .3 4

3 .9 2 -

360

4 . 38

4.61

4 .C C -

4 .6 6

347

4 .4 0

4 .6 2

3 .9 9 -

4 .6 6

-

PLUM BE RS , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------- ----------------------

31
31

3.88

3.93

3 .7 7 -

-

4

4

-

-

156

4.52

4 .6 3

4 .5 7 -

4 .6 6

4
4

i

-

i

1

TCOL AND DI E MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

3.88

3.93

3 .7 7 -

154

4 .5 2

4 .6 3

4 .5 7 -

-

4

20

1

77
77

17
17

42
42

36
36

3
-

1
1

_

-

-

O

■

-

-

13
13

29
29

1C
1C

-3
3

26
26

2
2

?

-

-

-

4

12
8

-

2

4 .8 8

4 .8 2 -

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

_

4
4

*

4 .7 7

4 .8 8

4 .8 2 -

-

-

-

-

4 .9 4

97 0

4 .9 4

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - 1.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




6
80
80

-

“

i
i

-

-

-

15
15

-

2

-

-

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

9

1
i

-

"

*

1

5

1

12
10

3
3

26

“

3
3

1
1

4

-

15
14

51
49

fc

4

"

2

2

-

4
4

3
3

13
13

1

-

-

-

2

-

19
19

_

_

-

10
10

i

4

H

i
i

-

4 .6 7

4 .7 7

6
6
6

10

4 .0 5

970

1
3
i

4 .0 5

S HEET- METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

-

-

-

4 .5 2

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

-

3 .6 7

manufacturing

2
2
2

4 .6 6

353

-

5

-

3 .4 7
3 .8 5

4 .3 4

4

.

6

56

353

-

-

12
12

-

38
38

2
2
2

434
4Q5

-

-

2
2

20
20

4 .5 0

3 .4 8

M ECHANI CS , AUTOMOTIVE
( M AI NTE NA NC E) ------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------------

_
"

2

4

1

1
1

16
16

2
2

5
5

17
17

9
9

26

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
26

1 C8
1 C8

-

2C

18
16

921
821

38
38

206

10
10

20

1
1

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings tor selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dayton, Ohio, January 1969)

workers

$
1 .80

S

1 .70

Occupation1 and industry division

S
1.70

1 .80

1 .90

2 ,C 0

63

10
10

10
10

$
nHp r 1 . 6 0
Me an1

Median3

$

$

1 9C 2 . 0 0

s

$
2 . 30

$
2.4C

2 .50

$
2 .6 3

$
2 .7 j

$
2

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .50

2 .60

2 .7 0

2.80

1

4

14
13
l

36
34

12

2

7
5

2 . 1C 2.20

g

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings

Hourly earnings ^
Numb e r

2 .90

$

$
3.0G

$
3

10

3 .20

$
3 .30

s
3.4C

s
2 .60

3 . 80

S
4 .0 0

2.9 0

3 .c:

3 .10

3

20

3 . 3C

3.40

3.6C

3.80

4 .0 0

over

7
5
?

7
4
3

22
21
1

26
26

7
3
4

17

63
61

2

1

269
269

17
17

16

2

2

4

21

26

3

-

5C

-

269

17

-

Mi ddl e r ange 3

and

6 C under

2 .1 6

$
3 .3 9
3 .7 2
1 .6 9

$
2 .6 3 3 .C 5 1 .6 4 -

$
3 .7 5
3 .7 6
2 .8 6

429

3 .4 7

3 .7 3

3 .3 3 -

3 .7 7

-

-

-

-

58

2 .4 4

2 .5 0

1 .8 5 -

2 .7 6

-

-

10

1 ,8 8 8
1 ,2 5 2
636

2 .6 1
2 .9 7

2 .6 7
3 .1 8

2 .C 2 2 .6 4 -

3 .2 4
3 .2 9

71

206

118
16

1 .9 C

1 .7 4

1 .6 4 -

2 .0 9

30 6
97

2 .1 4

1 .8 1

1 .6 6 -

2 .7 1

2 .9 1

3 .1 3

2 .4 9 -

3 .3 2

-

~

39

2 .1 6

1 .9 7

1 .5 1 -

2 .5 8

-

-

GUARDS AN W
D ATCH EN -----------------------M
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

596
487
108

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------JANITCRS, PORTERS, A D CLEANERS ■
N
MANUFACTURING --------------- --------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------JANITCRS, PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS
I womeni ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC UTILITIES4--------------------

$
3 .1 3
3 .3 5

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------MANUFALTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4--------------------

1 ,3 1 2
951

2 .8 7
2 .8 9

361
73

2 .7 9
3 .5 7

2 .6 9

C O R FILLF » S ---------------------------------R C
MANUFACIURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

489
33b
153

3 .2 6
3 .2 4

PACKERS, SHIPPING ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

2 .8 7
2 .8 8

2 .5 2 2 .6 4 -

2 . 1C 2.20
1

7

6
1

i

1

-

-

6

-

-

4

22

6

i

10

-

-

-

-

-

9

12

i

4

-

-

-

-

1

11

-

-

-

-

51

2C

33

27
17

97
79

20

68

33
?7

17
15

326
326

28C
280

-

-

-

2

91
49
42

-

52
16

46
44

99

17
3

196
188

"

"

4

-

-

-

63

206

102

51

2C

32

10

136

16
4

5
i

17

24

9

2

4
i

12

-

4
i

6

3

15

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

7

19
14
5

8

17

49
18
31

34

70

48
48

50
44

105
99

110

102

1 C7

8

71

87
53
34

34

62

6

6

93
9

-

-

-

*

-

4

-

-

2

3

5

34
33

-

2
1

64
63

-

1

1

-

1C6
1 36

23
23

49
49

10

48

-

i
i

8

50
42

3 .3 3
3 .3 3

1

25

21

8

4

17

-

-

1

9

1

9

2 .2 5 3 .3 9 -

3 .3 6
3 .7 7

2 .8 6 2 .8 4 -

3 .5 7
3 .5 4

3 .3 1

3 .5 1
3 .3 6
3 .5 9

3 .5 1 -

3 .7 5

-

-

9

1

9

623
594

3 .C 6
3 . 13

2 .9 8
3 .0 6

2 .7 1 2 .7 3 -

3 .6 8
3 .7 0

22
22

2

-

26
4

_

-

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING I W EN) -----------OM
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

437
380

3 .0 6

3 .4 2
3 .4 3

2 .4 6 2 .4 9 -

3 .4 6
3 .4 7

3

20

3 .1 2

-

-

-

16

-

•RECEIVING CLERKS-----------------------------manufacturing -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

168
88
8 j

2 .8 0
3 .0 0
2 .5 8

2 .9 2
3 .C 4
2 .8 5

2 .6 2 2 .7 6 1 .9 2 -

3 .2 6
3 .2 8
3 .2 3

18

15

3 .4 8

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

62
51

3 .5 0

3 .4 0
3 .4 1

3 .1 4 3 .1 6 -

165
149

3 .1 1
3 .1 3

3 .0 5
3 .0 7

2 .8 0 -

3 .4 5

2 .8 2 -

3 .4 5

TRUCKCRIVERS 6 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4--------------------

1 ,6 3 7

7
5
8
8

3 .6 4
3 .3 4

3 .2 4 2 .9 4 -

3 .8 3
3 .6 1

9

3 .8 1
3 .8 4

3 .3 C 3 .8 2 -

3 .8 6
3 .8 7

9

698

3
3
3
3

107

2 .9 9

3 .0 6

63
44

3 .1 9
2 .7 1

3 .1 6
2 .6 4

8

4

6

9
i

i
i

9

2

i
i

2
2

9
9

25
25

3
3

28
28

25
19

14 8

32
31

137
129

132
130

48

1

46
27
IS

105

100

8

2

“

e

~

84
54

-

9
9

2C
2C

6:

69

-

-

195
142
53

69

“

3 .6 3
3 .4 9

SHIPPING AN RECEIVING CLERKS
D
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

18

S H IP PIN G

CLERKS

-------------------------------------

TRUCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 -1 /2 TONS) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUEACTURING -----------------------TRUCKDRIVFRS, MEDIUM I 1 - 1 /2 T
C
AN INCLUDING 4 TONS) -------------D
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUEACTURING -----------------------See footnotes at end of table.




5 19
1 ,1 1 8

243
156
87

.4
.2
.5
.7

3 .2 4
3 .1 7
3 .3 6

3 .7 3

3 .3 3
3 .3 5
3 .3 3

2 .5 8 2 .7 5 -

3 .1 4

2 .9 3 2 .8 9 2 .5 9 -

3 .5 6
3 .5 5
3 .8 4

18

15

-

2
2

9

9

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

13
13

7
7

20
20

4
3

16

21

"

10

15

56
56

-

*

_

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

1
1
~

9

15
15

-

11
11

-

-

1

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

6

10

-

6

-

-

"

29
13
16

-

4
4

8
8

41
33

20
1"
10

8

17
14
3

1
1
24

.

16

_

_

13

8

1C
*

16

_

3

4

4

8
8

8

3
5

-

16
16

98
98

113
113

65
65

-

5
5

1

-

-

253
253

11
11

-

-

9
9
“

15

IS
13

20

1C

1

2

1

3

13

4

4

1

5
4

9

4

*

16
15

1
~

~

10
1.

13
13

9
9

i

13
13

32
28

10
10

7

9

40
30

1.0 5
94

622

3

12

98
45
53
51

1
1

2
2

8
i

24

22
22

28
26

Srt

30

32

21

2

66

9

2

i

6
9

10
10

1

.

18
16

2

7
5

18

i

12
12

60

21

-

1C

24
24

6

12
10

n
'

2

3 .4 8
3 .6 5

2 .2 7 -

-

88

8

2

17
13

4
4

1
2C1
44
157

9

10

34
19
15

6

n

8

t
i

11

z,

279
134
145
5

-

3

5l 1
11

622

6 18

25
25

4
‘

12
12

17
3
14

76
76

"
33
33

*

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations---Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n u a r y 1969)

1
2
3
4
5
6

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
All workers were at $4.40 to $4.60.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




15
B. Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office workers, Dayton, Ohio, January 1969)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e salary 1

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of----

All
industries

All
schedules

Establishments studied

Establishments having a specified minimum________________
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 72. 50
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 85. 00
$ 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 .0 0
$ 9 2 .5 0
$ 9 5 .0 0
$ 9 7 .5 0

and under $ 6 2 .5 0 __________________________________
and under $ 6 5 .0 0 __________________________________
and under $ 6 7 .5 0 __________________________________
and under $ 7 0 .0 0 __________________________________
and under $ 7 2 .5 0 __________________________________
and under $ 75. 00____________ ______________________
and under $ 7 7 .5 0 __________________________________
and under $ 8 0 .0 0 __________________________________
and under $ 8 2 .5 0 __________________________________
and under $ 8 5 .0 0 __________________________________
and under $ 8 7 .5 0 __________________________________
and under $ 9 0 .0 0 __________________________________
and under $ 9 2 .5 0 __________________________________
and under $ 9 5 .0 0 __________________________________
and under $ 9 7 .5 0 __________________________________
and under $ 1 0 0 .0 0 ________________________________
0 0 and o v e r__________________________________________

132

45

30

40

65

Manufacturing

All ,
schedules

67

27

15

All
schedules

132
12

5
3
1

4
2
1

1
3
1

1
2
1

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

All
industries
40

59

37

40

65

1
13
7
9
4
7
4
1
2
1
1
1
1
1

67
34

15

1
8
6
2

7
4

3
1

2
1

1

1

5

5

-

-

30

15

XXX

15

XXX

43

13

2
1
4
1
1
1
1
1

1

1

1

5

5

5

-

-

Establishments having no specified minimum

17

9

XXX

8

XXX

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category_______________________________________________

70

26

These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger or office girl.
Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweek reported.




22

5

3
1
5
1
1
1
1
1

44

40

5
1
7
3
3
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
1

3
2
4
1

1

All
schedules

5
1
7
4
4
3
1
2
1
1
1
1
1

3
2
4
2

$ 100.

8
5
5
2
1
6
2
5
1
1
1
1
1

Other inexperienced clerical workers 2
Nonmanufacturing

30




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(L a te -sh ift pay provisions for manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of pay differential,
Dayton, Ohio, January 1969)
(A ll plant w orkers in manufacturing = 100 percent)
Percent of manufacturing plant w orkers—

L a te -sh ift pay provision

In establishm ents having p r o v is io n s 1
for late shifts
Second shift

Third or other
shift

Actu ally working on late shifts

Second shift

Third or other
shift

99.5

92.9

23.9

4.4

1.5

1.2

0.3

0 .1

98.0

91.8

23.6

4.3

Uniform cents (per hou r)_________________

36.1

30.1

7.0

3.1

5 ce n ts___________________________________
7 or 7Vz cents___________________________

4.0
1.2
3.2
.7
8.6
2.0
5.3
4.0
.7
5.8

No pay differential for work on late sh ift______
Pay differential for work on late sh ift_________
Type and amount of differential:

9 ce n ts _____ ___ ___ 10 cents__________________________________

16
18
19
20

cents _ _
_____ ____ _____ - _
cents______ __ _________
—
. __ — — .
cents ___ - - _____
cents___________________________________

25V2 cents-------------------------------------------------

.7
*

.6

3.4
1.4
4.0
2.1
8.5
.5
1.6
.7
1.1
1.0
5.3

.6
.2
.9
.2
1.1
.3
1.4
.8
.3
1.1
.1

(Z)
.1
.1
.5
.2
.7
.1
(2)

"

(2)

"

1.3

61.3

61.3

16.3

1.2

.4

7Vz p e rce n t__ - —
— — 8 p e rce n t- - „ ___ ___
10 percent___________ - ______ — - —
—
- __
15 percent____________
25 percent _
_____

38.3
.8
1.8
1.0
19.4
-

1.1
1.0
56.1
2.2
.6

13.1
.2
.3
.1
2.5
-

1.1
.1
-

Other form al pay differential_____________

.6

.3

.2

U niform p ercen tag e__ __ __________________
5 percent

-

____

—

----------------------

(2)

-

1 Includes all plant w orkers in establishm ents currently operating late sh ifts, and establishm ents whose form al provisions
cover late shifts even though the establishm ents w ere not currently operating late shifts.
2 L e ss than 0.05 percent.

17

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours 1
of first-sh ift workers, Dayton, Ohio, January 1969)
Plant workers

Office workers

Weekly hours
All industries2

Manufacturing

100

100

1
6

A ll workers___________________________________

Public utilities3

7

1
2
3
4
5

13
2
79
2
2

80
1
8
(5)
11

Public utilities3

100

2
10
1
83
2
2

1

78
4
3
3
1
2
2

Manufacturing

100

100

1
76
4
4
2
2
2
2

All industries4

(!)
(5)

Scheduled hours are the weekly hours which a majority of the full-tim e workers were expected to work, whether they were paid for at straight-tim e or overtim e rates.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e ss than 0. 5 percent.




100

100

18

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Dayton, Ohio, January 1969)
Plant workers

Office workers

Item
All industries 1

A ll w orkers__________________________________
W orkers in establishments providing
paid holidays___ _____ ____________________ „
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid holidays________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

10 0

100

100

100

100

98

100

95

99

100

100

5

2

(4 )

7

18

16

3
9

Number of days

L ess than 6 holidays__ __
_
6 holidays___________________ _________
6 holidays plus 1 half day
___ —
6 holidays plus 2 half d a ys_____ —
—
7 holidays___ _____
- ______ _______
7 holidays plus 2 half d a y s____________

__
______
— ___
___ ___
______

4
6
2
2

9

3
7
9

6

9
holidays plus
holidays plus
9 holidays —
10 holidays___
11 holidays___

8
8

half day_______ ____________
half d a y s_____________ — —
______________
___
- - ___
____________ ------ ----------------___________________________________
1
2

1

11
1
2

1
1

24
30
(4 )

1

6

39

9

32

4
27

1

1

31
39

1

20
1

„
5

10

1
1

3
9
7

4
34

1
-

41
32

51
(4)

Total holiday time 5
, , days
days or m ore__________________________________

10

8 V days or m ore_________________________________
2
8 days or m o r e . _ __ ______
— ------------------

7 days or m o r e ___________________________________
l z days or m ore_________________________________
/
days or m o r e ___ __ __________________________
5 days or m o re ___________
__________ ______
3 days or m o r e ________________ ______ ________
2 days or m o re ____________________________
___
l'/z days or m ore_________________________________
1 day or m ore___________ ___ __________________

6
6

1
2
3
4
5
and no

(4)
30
55
56
70
81
83
94
95
95
96
97
98

.
39
70
71
87
93
94
100

100
100
100
100
100

1
21

34
34
72
88
88

95
95
95
95
95
95

52
54
69
80
81
98
98
98
98
98
99

32
73
74
90
94
95

90
90

10 0

100

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

52
52
86

Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and serv ice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv ice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days
half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions then were cumulated.




19

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'
(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Dayton, Ohio, January 1969)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All industries2

All w orkers________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
94
5
1

100
95
4
1

95
95

99
99

100
99

100
100

Method of payment

W orkers in establishments providing
paid vacations___________________________________
Length-of-tim e payment_____________________
Percentage payment___________ __ ________
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid vacations_______________________________

1

<I >

(5)
5

(5)

(5)

Amount of vacation pay 6
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week_____________________________________
1 week_____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks_______________________

13
8
(5)

11
7
(5)

32
10
-

12
58
5

6
69
7

51
10

91
(5)
8

96

94

93

1

27
1
72

21

4

79

7

69
4
26

83
6
11
-

23

7
33
57
1
1

9
44
46
i
i

95

7
33
58
1
1

8
44
47
1
1

95

After 1 year of service
1 week_____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks__________________ __
2 w eeks__________________________ _______________
After 2 years of service
1 week_____________________ ______ _____________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s____________
_____
2 w eeks___________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks_______________________

72
-

12
1
87
(5)

15
1
84

2
1
79
19
"

3
1
67
29

2
1
79
19

3
1
67
29

7
93
*

After 3 years of service
1 week_____________________________________ ______
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks_______________________
2 w eeks___________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks_______________________
3 w eeks___________ ______________________________

_

1
99

After 4 years of service
1 week_____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks_______________________
2 w eeks___________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s_______________________
3 w eeks____________________________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




1
99

20

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'--- Continued
(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Dayton, Ohio, January 1969)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All industries2

Public utilities3

Manufacturing

All industries4

Manufacturing

69
1
30
(5)

55
(5)
45
"

18
3
59
18
2

7
5
57
29
2

Public utilities3

Amount of vacation pay 6 Continued
—
After 5 years of service
1 week_____________________________________________
2 w eeks___________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks_______________________
3 w eeks___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks_______________________

(5)
89
1
9
-

89
1
11
-

95

(5)
17
32
49

11
42
46

9
86

1

1

*

(5)
16
31
50

10
41
48

94

14
3
62

1

1

"

2

5
4
60
29
2

(5)
12
76
1
10

_
4
83
2
11

1
76

_
8
54
1
37

3
46
1
50

(5 )
12
41
3
42
1
1

_
4
49
3
41
1
1

8
17
1
72
(5)
2

3
13
1
81
(5 )
2

(5)
10
39

3
46

1
(5)

1
8

10

44

44

69

79

63

6
1

6

26

6
11
(5)
72
1
10
(5)

12
(5)

27

-

100

*

After 10 years of service
1 week______ _________ _____________________________
2 w eeks___________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks_______________________
3 w eeks___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks_______________________
4 w eeks___________________________________________

12
88
"

After 12 years of service
1 week_____________________________________________
2 w eeks___________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks_______________________
3 w eeks____________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s_______________________
4 w eeks____________________________________________

1
18

1
99

-

After 15 years of service
1 week_____________________________________________
2 w eeks____________________________________________
3 w eeks___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks_______________________
4 w eeks-------------------------------------------------------------------

18

97

3

After 20 years of service
1 week_____________________________________________
2 w eeks___________________________________________
3 w eeks____________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks_______________________
4 w eeks___________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks_______________________
5 w eeks___________________________________________

„

1
3
91

-

10
90

"

After 25 years of service
1 week_____________________________________________
2 w eeks___________________________________________
3 w eeks___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s_______________________
4 w eeks_________________________________________ _
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks_______________________
5 w eeks___________________________________________
Over 5 and under 6 w eeks____ _____ ________

See footnotes at end of table.




1

21

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provision s, Dayton, Ohio, January 1969)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

Amount of vacation pay 6 Continued
—

After 30 years of service
1 week_____________________________________________
2 w eek s___________________________________________
3 w eek s___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks_______________________
4 w eeks__________________________ _____________
5 w eeks______________________________________ ___
6 w eeks_______________________________ __________
Over 6 weeks___________ — ____________________

(5 )
10
39

3
46

i
(5)

44
4
2
1

44
3
3
1

69
26

(5 )
10
39

3
46

1
(5)

44
4
2
1

44
3
3
1

69
26

-

6
11
(5)
72
8
3
(5)

i
8
79
7
5
(5)

10
63
27
-

Maximum vacation available
week___
2 w eeks_______________________________ __________
3 w eeks__________________ ________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks_______________________
1

5 w eeks____________________________________________
6 w eek s___________________________________________
Over 6 weeks_____________________________________

6
11
(5)
72
7
4
1

1
8
79
7
5
(5)

10
63
27

1
Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation bonus, vacation-savings, and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabba tical" benefits beyond basic plans to workers with quali­
fying lengths of service. Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
? Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 L ess than 0. 5 percent.
6 Includes payments other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat- sum paym ents, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.
Periods of service were chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progression.
For example, the
changes in proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 y e a rs.
Estim ates are cumulative.
Thus, the proportion eligible for 3 weeks
pay or more after 10 years includes those eligible for 3 weeks' pay or m ore after fewer years of service.




22

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 Dayton, Ohio, January 1969)
Plant workers

O ffice

workers

Type of benefit
All industries2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

All workers_________________________ ______ __

100

100

100

100

W orkers in establishments providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown below ____ ______

98

99

95

98

99

100

96

98

95

97

99

100

76

81

88

81

84

97

85

86

95

89

24

67

88

8

58

73

2

Life insurance_____ ______ ____________________
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance_____________________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both5__________________________

91

96

Sickness and accident insurance____ _____
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)__________________ _________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)____________________ _____

87

96

3

1

3

-

69

8

1

83

Hospitalization insurance_____________________
Surgical insurance_____ __________________ ____
Medical insurance................................................
Catastrophe insurance..... ............... .............
Retirement pension____________________________

94
94
82
35
87

99
99
93
34
94

95
95
95
89
91

95
95
84
80
90

99
99
88
86
94

99
99
97
96
95

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer, except those legally required, such as workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad
retirement.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee.
Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




23

Table B-7.

Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by method of wage determ ination1
and frequency of wage payment, Dayton, Ohio, January 1969)
Plant workers

Office workers

Item
All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

__

100

100

100

100

100

100

Paid time rates___________________________________
Form al rate policy

85
76
35
41

84
80
39
40

100
99
30
70

100
81
1
81

100
87
1
86

100
93
2
91

26

A ll w ork e rs.. __

.

. . . .

..

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

Method of wage determ ination1

Range of rates
_
P rogression based on automatic
advancement according to
length of service — __ - - Progression based on merit

Production bonus_____ _______ ____
_____ __ - Individual_
Group___
_
___ - ______ —
Com m ission
__ ________ ___ — — —

16
15

14
10
15
11
10
1
3
2
(5)
2

9
4
16
13
12
1
3
2
1

98
2
(=)

P rogression based on a
combination of length of
service and m erit review-----------------No formal rate policy________________________
Paid by incentive methods_- _____
__
Piece rate. — - - — —

14
13

100

2

29

28
44
(5)

34

50
19
-

52
13

62
7

Method of determining incentive pay of office workers not presented
-

-

Frequency of wage payment

W eek ly

SemimonthlyO ther fr e q u e n c y —

1
2
3
4
5

68
27
5

59
14
26
1

55
8
38
(5)

___

For a description of the methods of wage determination, see Introduction.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and service s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and service s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0.5 percent.




63
36
1

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to a ssist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER,

CLERK,

MACHINE

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b ille rs, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:
B iller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills
and invoices from custom ers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping m em o­
randums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges,
and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine,
and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
custom ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simulta­
neous entry of figures on custom ers' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National Cash Register, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business
transactions.
Class A.
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, custom ers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant, has responsibility for
keeping one or more sections of a complete set of books or records relating to one phase
of an establishm ent's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding
invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires judgment and experi­
ence in making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and m ay direct class B accounting clerks.
C lass B . Under supervision, perform s one or more routine accounting operations such
as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in
voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by
general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowl­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.




24

FILE

Class A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter
file s, classifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, reports, technical docu­
ments, etc. May also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the files.
May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.
C lass B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple ( subject matter) head­
ings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and
cro ss-referen ce aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial.
May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.
C lass C . Perform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological,
or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards m a­
terial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Perform s simple clerical and manual tasks re­
quired to maintain and service files.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives custom ers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determine credit rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK,

PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a ssist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR
Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve fr e ­
quent use of a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance of
other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to
transcribe data from various source documents to keypunch tabulating cards. Perform s same
tasks as lower level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of coding
skills and the making of some determinations, for example, locates on the source document
the items to be punched; extracts information from several documents; and searches for and
interprets information on the document to determine information to be punched. May train
inexperienced operators.

25
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
C lass B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or instructions,
transcribes data from source documents to punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or
alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified sequences which have
been coded or prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, m issing information,
e t c ., are referred to supervisor.

SECRETARY— Continued
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 persons; or
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e .g ., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred
persons) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 persons.
C lass C

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m a ile rs, opening and distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but whose subordinate staff
normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational
segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a
wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or

SECRETARY
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level of
official) that em ploys, in all, fewer than 5 ,0 0 0 persons.

Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work activities of the supervisor. Works fairly inde­
pendently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Perform s varied clerical
and secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives telephone calls,
personal ca llers, and incoming m ail, answers routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper persons; (b) establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's file s; (c) maintains
the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m essages from super­
visor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others
for the supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs
stenographic and typing work.

a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e .g ., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons); or

May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.

STENOGRAPHER,

Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "s e c re ta ry " possess the above characteristics. Examples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet
the "p erson al" secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secretarial
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical,
or managerial persons; (d) secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially more
routine or substantially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more responsible technical, admin­
istrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
N O T E: The term "corporate officer, " used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials who have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to major
company activities. The title "vice presid ent," though normally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act per­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e .g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be
"corporate officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

C lass D

b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional em ployee, administrative
officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NO TE: Many companies assign stenographers,
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)

GENERAL

Prim ary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from one or more
persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May
also type from written copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other relatively
routine clerical tasks.
May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribingmachine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

STENOGRAPHER,

SENIOR

Prim ary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research from one or more persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in all,
over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or

Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsi­
bility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the following: Work requires high degree of
stenographic speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files,
workflow, etc.
Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling m aterial for reports, memorandums, letters,
etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and
answering routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that em ployes, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Class A

c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate officer level) of a major seg­
ment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 2 5,000 persons.
C lass B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all,
fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of
a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major
corporate-wide functional activity ( e .g ., marketing, research, operations, industrial relations, etc.)
or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g ., a regional headquarters; a major division)
dFa company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 em ployees; or




C lass A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Perform s full telephone information service or handles
complex calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e assignment.
("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied functions that are
not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e .g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are
appropriate for calls.)
C lass B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May
perform limited telephone information service. ("L im ite d " telephone information service occurs
if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone information
purposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are
furnished, or if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

26
TABU EATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position or monitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular
duties.
This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this w orker's time while at
switchboard.

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the
so rter, reproducing punch, collator, etc., with specific instructions. May include simple
wiring from diagrams and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR,

GENERAL

TABU EATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical accounting machines, typically
including such machines as the tabulator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Perform s complete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The complete reporting and tabulating assignments typically involve a
variety of long and complex reports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type re ­
quiring some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations, or partially trained
operators in wiring from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-today supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B . Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sorter, reproducer, and collator.
This work is
performed under specific instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagram s. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting exercise, a complete but small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more
complex report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new employees in the basic
operation of the machine.

Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-machine records.
May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work.
Workers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar mate­
rials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple reco rd s, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . Perform s one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it
involves combining material from several sources or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material;
and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B . Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations,
or copying more complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN----Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com ­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance.
Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B . Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassem blies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares archi­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stre sse s, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.

Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of

components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions
are less complete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked during progress.
DRAFTSM AN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not include tracing limited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
during progress.

Work is closely supervised

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or
injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the prem ises of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER,

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, c rib s , counters, benches, partitions, doors, flo o rs, stairs,
casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions using a
variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;

making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials neces­
sary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




MAINTENANCE— Continued

27
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)— Continued

Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, tran sform ers, switchboards, con trollers, circuit break­
e r s, m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working from
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of
wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring and
testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

the various assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air co m p ressors, generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and refrig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of machinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREM AN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trad es, by performing specific
or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or
tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the
helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is con­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in
others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.
M ACH INE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig b o r e rs ,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling m achines, in the construction of
machine-shop tools, gages, j ig s , fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups
or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need d re s s ­
ing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For c r o s s ­
industry wage study purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechan­
ical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting
written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m a­
chinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine
tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties
of the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
normally requires a rounded training in machine - shop practice usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work in­
volves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassem bling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
wrenches, gages, d rills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing




MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most
of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling machines; and making
all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic re ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the fo l­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s tre sse s,
strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transm ission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright's work
norm ally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts
equipment of an establishment.

or wearing surfaces

of mechanical

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work in­
volves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix c o lo rs, o ils,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to lo­
cate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to p re ssu res, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether
finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating system s are excluded.
PLUM BER, M AINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order. Work involves: Knowledge
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or re ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum ber's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
SH E E T -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fix­
tures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lock ers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,
metal roofing) of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working machines; using a variety of

28
SH E E T-M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE----Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

using a* variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

Guard. Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and
check on identity of employees and other persons entering.

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping
procedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing rec­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for ship­
ment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining neces­
sary records and files.

theft,

Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire,
and illegal entry.

JANITOR,

PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and w ashroom s, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, show­
ers, and restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, M ATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w are­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various materials and
merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or
merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER,

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments and
custom ers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment,
as follows;
(T ractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)

FILLER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accord­
ance with specifications on sales slips, custom ers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition
to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (lV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER,

POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of
units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following; Knowl­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to
transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishment.
For wage stuuy purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u lle t in s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t the
r e q u e s t o f the W age a n d H o u r a n d P u b lic C o n t r a c t s D iv is io n s o f th e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u lletin s m a y be p u rc h a se d fro m
the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ash in g to n , D. C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s sh o w n on
the in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------------------------------A l b a n y - S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 __________
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________
A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . ,
J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1 ------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1 ____
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1_____________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1_________________________ -____
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 ------------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N . Y . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1__________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 ____________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 __________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------------------C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . —G a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 ____________________
C h i c a g o , 111. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 _____________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y . —I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 1 -----------------------K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1____________________________________
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111. ,
D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1-----------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ___________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , F e b . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 __________________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 1 ------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 -------------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 ____________________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 ________
L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 -------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — n d . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
I
L u b b o c k , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1 -----------------------------------------------M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ________________________________

B u lletin n u m b er
and p rice
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1575-86,
1575-71,
1625-8,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1575-59,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1575-48,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1625-14,
1575-81,
157 5 - 6 2 ,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

40
35
50
30
35
30
35
50
50
20
30
30
30
35
50
30
50
35
50

cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents

1625-42,
1625-39,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1625-27,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1625-40,
1575-49,
1625-37,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625-11,

30
35
30
30
35
35
35
30
45
35
30
35
45
30
35

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1575-64,
1625-33,
1575-77,
1625-4,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1575-72,
1575-67,

30
30
30
35
30
35
30
30

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M i n n e a p o l i s — t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 _________________
S
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1 ______
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 _______________ _ ____________
_
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ________________________________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 __________________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------ ---O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 __________________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n ^ P a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1 ___________
C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1 9 6 7 1 _____________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________________ ____
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 __________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ______________________—________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
M a y 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v . 1 9 6 7 1 ________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n l y ) , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1„
R o c k f o r d , H I . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________________________
S t . L o u i s , M o . —111. , J a n . 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e —O n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,

B u lletin n u m b er
and p rice
1575-47,
1575-60,
1575-54,
1625-38,
1575-46,
1575-78,

30
30
35
30
30
50

cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
1625-20,
1575-80,

30
30
35
40
30
30
30
30
40

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1575-61,
1625-13,
1575-27,
1625-2
1575-70,
1575-39,
1625-36,
1575-69,

30
35
25
35
30
30
30
30

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1625-25,
1625-32,
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 _______________ 1 6 2 5 - 4 4 ,
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 ________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 2 1 ,
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1 --------------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 7 3 /
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 1 2 ,
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v . 1 9 6 7 1 _____________________
1575-29,
1625-23,
S i o u x F a l l s , S . D a k . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________
S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________ ______ _ 1 5 7 5 - 5 6 ,
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 ____________________________ —_
_ 1575-79,
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 ________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 ,
T a m p a — t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 6 8 ------------ —_____ 1 6 2 5 - 1 0 ,
S
T o l e d o , O h i o —M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 ________________________ ___ 1 5 7 5 - 4 3 ,
T r e n t o n , N . J . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 __________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 1 8 ,
U t i c a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 1 ,
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 _________________ 1 6 2 5 - 2 2 ,
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 ____________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 5 3 ,
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1____________________ ____________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 1 ,
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ___________________________ ______ 1 6 2 5 - 4 1 ,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 ____________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 7 6 ,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 4 2 ,
Y o u n g s t o w n —W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ____________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 4 ,

40
30
35
30
30
35
25
30
30
30
35
30
30
35
35
35
30
35
30
30
30
30

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C .

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

20212

IFIRST CLASS MAIL
OFFICIAL




BUSINESS