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Area Wage Survey

The Dayton, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
January 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-51




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A TIS TIC S

New England
John F. Kennedy Federal Building
Government Center
Room 1603-B
Boston, Mass. 02203
Tel.: 223-6762




Mid-Atlantic
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
Tel.: 971-5405

Southern
1371 Peachtree St., NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Tel.: 526-5418

North Central
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 1 1 60604
1.
Tel.: 353-7230

Pacific
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Tel.: 556-4678

Mountain-Plains
Federal Office Building
Third Floor
911 Walnut St.
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Tel.: 374-2481

Area Wage Survey
The Dayton, Ohio, Metropolitan Area




January 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-51
May 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A TIS T IC S
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It
yields detailed data by selected industry division for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction____________________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups____________________________
Tables:
1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and

2.

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents survey results for each area studied. After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of surveys, a two-part sum m ary bulletin is issued.
The fir st part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin.
The second part presents
information which has been projected from individual
metropolitan area data to relate to geographic regions and
the United States.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected periods________________________

A.

B.
E igh ty-six areas currently are included in the
program .
In each area, information on occupational earn­
ings is collected annually and on establishment practices
and supplementary wage provisions biennially.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Dayton, Ohio, in January 1968. The Standard Metropolitan
Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget
through A pril 1967, consists of Greene, M iam i, Mont­
gom ery, and Preble Counties. This study was conducted in
the Bureau's regional office in Chicago, 111., Thomas J.
M cA rdle, Director. The study was under the general direc­
tion of Woodrow C. Linn, A ssistan t Regional Director of
Operations.




1
4

Occupational earnings;*
A - 1. Office occupations— en and women__________________________
m
A -2 . P rofession al and technical occupations—
men and
women_________________________________________________________
A -3 .
O ffice, professional, and technicaloccupations—
men and women com bined__________________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations__________________—
A -5 .
Custodial and m aterial movement occupations_____________

6
9
10
11
12

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions;*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office
B -2 .
B -3 .
B -4 .
B -5 .
B -6 .
B -7 .

Appendix.

Shift differen tials_____________________________________________
Scheduled weekly h o u rs______________________________________
Paid holidays__________________________________________________
Paid vacation s_________________________________________________
Health, insurance, andpension plans_______________________
P rem ium pay for overtime w o rk ____________________________

15
16
17
18
20
21

Occupational description s______________________________________

22

areas.

* NOTE; Sim ilar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back cover.)

A current report on earnings in the Dayton area is
also available for selected food service occupations (Jan­
uary 1968).
Union sca les, indicative of prevailing pay
lev els, are available for building construction; printing;
local-tran sit operating em ployees; and motortruck drivers,
h elpers, and allied occupations.

iii

4




Area Wage Survey---The Dayton, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
allowances and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours
are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the
standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which em ­
ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay
for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earn­
ings for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 86 in which the U. S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide b a sis.
In this area, data were
obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to repre­
sentative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
serv ices.
Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion.
Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet pub­
lication criteria.

The averages presented reflect composite, areawide esti­
m ates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments.
Sim ilarly, differences in average pay
levels for men and women in any of the selected occupations should
not be assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes
within individual establishments. Other possible factors which may
contribute to differences in pay for men and women include: D iffer­
ences in progression within established rate ranges, since only the
actual rates paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific
duties performed, although the workers are classified appropriately
within the same survey job description.
Job descriptions used in
classifying employees in these surveys are usually more generalized
than those used in individual establishments and allow for minor
differences among establishments in the specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight.
E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate
the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in
occupational structure do not affect m aterially the accuracy of the
earnings data.

The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m aterial m ove­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix.
The earnings data following
the job titles are for all industries combined.
Earnings data for some
of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions
within occupations, are not presented in the A -s e r ie s tables, because
either (1) employment in the occupation is too sm all to provide enough
data to m erit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure
of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -se r ie s tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to plant and office w orkers.
Administrative, executive, and
professional em ployees, and construction workers who are utilized
as a separate work force are excluded.
"Plant w orkers" include
working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
"O ffice w orkers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-tim e w orkers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but co st-of-liv in g




1

2
Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers (table
B - l ) relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the optimum
sampling techniques used, and the probability that large establish­
ments are m ore likely to have form al entrance rates for workers
above the subclerical level than sm all establishm ents, the table is
m o re-represen tative of policies in medium and large establishm ents.
Shift differential data (table B -2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries.
This information is presented both in
term s of (1) establishment p o lic y ,1 presented in term s of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in term s of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a m ajority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority,
the classification "o th e r " was used. In establishments in which some
late-sh ift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B -3) of a m ajority of the
fir st-sh ift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Scheduled
weekly hours are those which fu ll-tim e employees were expected to
work, whether they were paid for at straight-tim e or overtime rates.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension
plans; and premium pay for overtim e work (tables B -4 through B -7 )
are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all
plant or office workers if a m ajority of such workers are eligible or
may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums of individual
items in tables B -2 through B -7 may not equal totals because of
rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4) are limited to data on holi­
days granted annually on a form al basis; i .e ., (1) are provided for
in written fo rm , or (2) have been established by custom.
Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday and the worker is not granted another day off.
The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The sum m ary of vacation plans (table B -5) is lim ited to a
statistical m easure of vacation provisions.
It is not intended as a
m easure of the proportion of workers actually receiving specific bene­
fits. Provisions of an establishment for all lengths of service were
tabulated as applying to all plant or office workers of the establish­
ment, regardless of length of service.
Provisions for payment on
other than a time basis were converted to a time basis; for example,
a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equiv­
alent of 1 w eek's pay. Estim ates exclude vacation-savings plans and
those which offer "extended" or "sa b b a tica l" benefits beyond basic
plans to workers with qualifying lengths of service. Typical of such
exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.

Data on health, insurance, and pension plans (table B -6) in­
clude those plans for which the employer pays at least a part of the
cost. Such plans include those underwritten by a com m erical insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose. An establishment was considered to have a plan
if the m ajority of employees were eligible to be covered under the
plan, even if le ss than a m ajority elected to participate because em ­
ployees were required to contribute toward the cost of the plan. L e ­
gally required plans, such as workm en's compensation, social s e ­
curity, and railroad retirem ent were excluded.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted tem porary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions, 2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes m ore than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are lim ited to form al plans3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w orker's pay during absence from work
because of illn ess.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to
the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es referred to as major m ed­
ical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
em ployees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of. hospitalization, m edical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fe es. Such plans may be underwritten by com ­
m ercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be paid for by the employer out of a fund set aside for this purpose.
Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are lim ited to those plans
that provide regular payments for the remainder of the w orker's life.
Data on overtime premium pay (table B -7 ), the hours after
which premium pay is received and the corresponding rate of pay, are
presented by daily and weekly provisions.
Daily overtime refers to
work in excess of a specified number of hours a day regardless of
the number of hours worked on other days of the pay period. Weekly
overtime refers to work in excess of a specified number of hours
per week regardless of the day on which it is perform ed, the number
of hours per day, or number of days worked.

1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

Table 1. Establishments and Workers Within Scope of Survey and Number Studied in Dayton, Ohio,1 by Major Industry Division,2 January 1968
Number of establishments

Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study3

Studied
Total4

Studied

Plant
Number

All divisions_
Manufacturing
N onmanuf actur ing
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5----------------------------------Wholesale tradeRetail trade
Finance, insurance, and real estate_ _ _
_ _ ——
Services 8-----------------------------------------------------------

Office

Percent

Total4

_

482

132

160, 000

100

114,600

19,800

116,870

50
-

227
255

66
66

118,300
41,700

74
26

89,500
25,100

12,900
6,900

93, 730
23, 140

50
50
50
50
50

35
25
117
21
57

16
6
20
7
17

8,600
3, 100
19,300
3,200
7,500

5
2
12
2
5

4, 900

1,500

6,840
1, 090
10, 510
1,600
3, 100

(‘)
(6)
(!)
(6)

(‘)
(6)
(‘)
(6)

1 The Dayton Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through April 1967, consists of Greene, Miami, Montgomery, and Preble Counties. The "workers
within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not
intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of
wage surveys requires the use
of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "all industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data to merit separate study, (2) the sample was
not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
7 Workers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in
estimates for "all industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or more of the reasons given in footnote 6
above.
8 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding
religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




About three-fourths of the workers within scope of the survey in the Dayton area
were employed in manufacturing firms. The following table presents the major industry
groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Machinery, except
electrical__________________________29
Electrical equipment and
supplies___________________________
23
Printing and publishing _ _ _ 10
_ _ __
Rubber and plactics products— 9
Transportation equipment _ _ 7
_ _ _

Specific industries
Office and computing
Household appliances _ _ _ _ _ 13
_ _ _ _ _ _
_
Electrical industrial
apparatus
__________________________
9
Fabricated rubber products— _
_7
Motor vehicles and equipment— 6
Periodicals_________________________
6

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe
materials compiled prior to actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a m easure of wages at a given tim e, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period (date of the area survey conducted
between July I960 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 from the index
yields the percentage change in wages from the base period to the
date of the index.
The percentages of change or increase relate to
wage changes between the indicated dates.
These estim ates are
m easures of change in averages for the area; they are not intended
to measure average pay changes in the establishments in the area.
Method of Computing
Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

in the occupational group. These constant weights reflect base year
employments wherever possible.
The average (mean) earnings for
each occupation were multiplied by the occupational weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group were totaled. The aggregates
for 2 consecutive years were related by dividing the aggregate for
the later year by the aggregate for the earlier year.
The resultant
relative, le ss 100 percent, shows the percentage change. The index
is the product of multiplying the base year relative (100) by the relative
for the next succeeding year and continuing to multiply (compound)
each y ear's relative by the previous y e a r's index. Average earnings
for the following occupations were used in computing the wage trends:

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Table 2. Indexes of Standard Weekly Salaries and Straight-Time Hourly Earnings for Selected Occupational Groups in Dayton, Ohio,
January 1968 and January 1967, and Percents of Increase for Selected Periods
Indexes
(January 1961=100)
Industry and occupational group
January 1968

January 1967

Percents of increase
January 1967
to
January 1968

January 1966
to
January 1967

January 1965
to
Tanuarv 1966

January 1964
to
January 1965

January 1963
to
Tanuarv 1964

January 1962
to
Tanuarv 1963

January 1961
to
January 1962

December 1959
to
January 1961

All industries:
Office clerical (men and women)-----Industrial nurses (men and women)----Skilled maintenance (men)------------Unskilled plant (men)--------------------

124.1
139.6
127.4
122.2

118.8
126.2
118.2
118.6

4.4
10.6
7.8
3.1

5.4
5.8
5.3
6.3

1.9
2.6
4.2
3.2

3. 5
4.9
1. 4
3. 3

1.4
2.8
2.7
.5

3.3
3.8
2.6
2.0

2.1
4.0
.8
2. 1

4.0
8.6
3.6
5.0

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women)-----Industrial nurses (men and women)----Skilled maintenance (men)------------Unskilled plant (men)--------------------

123. 5
137.3
127.5
126.0

118.3
124. 5
118. 1
121.0

4. 3
10.2
8.0
4. 1

4.9
6.3
5.4
5.8

3.1
2.6
4.3
3.7

3.8
5.0
1.3
3.2

.5
1.8
2. 5
2.3

3.2
3.8
2. 7
1.8

1.6
2.9
.7
2.7

4. 3
9. 7
3.6
4.9




5

For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive of earnings for overtim e.
For plant worker groups, they
m easure changes in average straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The percentages are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include m ost of the num erically important jobs within
each group.

Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage increases,
average wages may have declined because low er-paying establishments
entered the area or expanded their work fo rces. Sim ilarly, wages
m ay have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishments
entered the area.

Limitations of Data
The indexes and percentages of change, as m easures of
change in area averages, are influenced by: (l) general salary and
wage changes, (2) m erit or other increases in pay received by indi­
vidual workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay lev els.




The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-tim e hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtim e. Where n ecessary, data were adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

6
A.

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dayton, Ohio, January 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

Number of workers receiving straight-timeweekly earnings of—
t

Average
weekly

$
55

Me an2

(standard)

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

t
60

65

$
70

»

75

S
80

t
85

*
90

t
95

$
100

$
105

*
n o

t

120

$
130

$
140

*
150

s
160

t
170

*
180

60

«

$5

70

75

?<?

05

99

95

100

110

120

130

140

1

105

10

17

190

200

—

and
under

and

15

150

160

170

180

190

M
EN
$

$

13^*00

13~*00

3 9 .5

1 lT .-»0

1 1 A .JO

19 5
3 9 .5

80 .5 0

79 .5 0

^T-3

^2
58

$

$

J

2
2
7 1 .5 0 -

8 9.00

82.50

74.00- 90.00

36

40.0 172.00 1 8 3 I 0 0

40.0

2

3

2

5

;
*

2

9

3

2

3

7

6

10

in

*

7

2

I
5

1

7

*

2

*

3

39*5 139*'0 150*00

62

9

1

2
6

1

7

2

1

1

142.50-197.00

3T

J

1

TA8ULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
2

3
3

TABULATING—
MACHINE OPERATORS,
2

7

9

7

*

6

10

19

23

14

28

2

3

2

W M
O EN

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
93.00

89.00

86.50- 98.00

1

M.XJXJ.W

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
HACHINEI
NONMANUFAC 1 UR ING
— —
—

3

1

1

51
31

40.0
40.0

82.50
74.50

80.00
74.50

72.00- 92.00
70.00- 82.00

NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — — —
— — — — — — — 32

39.0

94.00

98.00

86.50-108.50

2
1

7
*

30

8

2

1

1
13
*

5

?
5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

3

2

9

2

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
21

79,50—110*00
ICO
32

4o'o
39.5

1 TO

/n n
An*n

261

40.0

78.50

52

30 5

99 00

353
81
37

38.0
39.0
39.5

85.50
78.50
87.00

87.50
*1

71.00- 96.50

1

CLERKS* F1Lt* CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING

——

----- ------— — — — — —
— — —— — —

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le ,




—

25

10

17

26

10

w

1

7*cn

47

NONMANuFACTuRING — —
—

20

78.00

69.50- 87.00

3

13
21

53

45

44

33
10

31

23
43

25
25

19
14

14

94.50-103.50
86.50
73.50
92.00

80.50- 94.50
67.50- 92.50
76.00- 96.50

19
23

11
8

29
24

22

13

16
11

18

61

15

3

1

11

70

2

L2

a

2

11
1
1

n

10

10

1
1

2
6

14

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u rs an d e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s try d iv is io n , D ay to n , O h io , J a n u a r y 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Number of workers receiving straight-timeweekly earnings of—
55

(sta d rd Me an2
na ]

Median 2

Middle range 2

S

$

S

Average
weekly
hours1

60

$
65

70

t

$

t
75

80

$
85

A

$
90

95

$
100

*

t

%

105

110

120

»
130

$

$
140

150

170

i

t

$

$
160

180

190

and
under
65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

120

9
4

60

200

and

25
21

24
11

19
7

34
19

18
4

17
11

23
15

7
7

4
4

4

13
9
4

1
-

9
6
3

16
13
3

22
18
4

14
11
3

7
5
2

6
5

1

i

28
15
13

34
22
12

30
10
20

16
8
8

13
1
12

24
17
7

19
16
3

17
11
6

5
3
2

3
2
1

14
5
9

18
7
11

25
6
19

30
11
19

22
22

25
17
8

5
4
i

92

27
8
19

25
12
13

30
25
5

20
12
8

9

71
21
7

3

-

4

160

170

180

4
4

4
4

6
6

10
10

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

13
9
4

11
7
4

31
31
“

-

-

-

-

17
8
9

7
1
6

i
i

6
6

14
14

17
17

3
3

10
10

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

16
13
3

_

2
7

7
5
2

11
11

13
13

-

-

2

_

-

-

5
5

11
11

140

190

200

150

130

over

W M
O EN - CONTINUED
7 3 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 -

9 4.00
9 5.50

4

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------------------------ 1 8 8
MANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 1 0 3

4 0 .0
40.0

8 2.00

8 2 .5 0
8 2.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------------- 1 8 0
MANUFACTURING
----------------------------------- 1 3 3
N
ONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------47

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .0 0
109 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
112 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

C
OMPTOMETER OPERATORS
------------------------- 2 2 2
M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 1 1 5
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------- 1 0 7

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 8.50
112.5 0
8 3.00

92 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
78 .5 0

7 7 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
7 1 .5 0 - 9 0.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A------------185
M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 1 0 3
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------82

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

101.5 0
107.5 0
9 3.50

96 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
90 .5 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

_
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B------------325
M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 2 1 2
N
ONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------- 1 1 3

39 .5
39 .5
39 .0

8 6.50
8 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

8 0 .0 0
8 0.00
8 0 .0 0

7 5 .5 0 7 6 .0 0 7 3 .0 0 -

9 4 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

2
2
-

14
5

16
6
10

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------------------------

26

39 .0

7 7.00

76 .0 0

7 2 .0 0 -

8 2.00

-

1

2

SECRETARIES4
---------------------------------------------0 9 4
1,
M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 8 1 4
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------- 2 8 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39.5

1 2 1 .5 0
124.5 0
1 1 3 .5 0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 4 3 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0

_

-

-

-

3
3

10
10
*

20
14
6

19
12
7

50
38
12

89
49
40

60
39
21

100
73
27

71
56
15

160
120
40

140
91
49

115
95
20

82
46
36

48
43
5

29
29

67
67

-

“

61
53

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0

1 2 8 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 1 8 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

4
4

6
5

17
17

5
4

6
4

3

-

1
1

5

-

4
4

_

-

2
2

3

3

1
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------------------237
MANUFACTURING
----------------------------------- 1 8 1
N
ONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------56

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

132 .0 0
133 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0

1 3 3.50
1 3 3 .5 0
134 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 4 7 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

8
8
-

16
8
8

4
3
1

14
13
1

19
18
1

20
15
5

17
11

-

2
2
-

6

49
39
10

39
17
22

15

-

391
SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------------------M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 3 1 9
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------72
PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------------------31

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39.5
39.0

1
1
1
1

.5 0
.0 0
.5 0
.0 0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
131 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 6 3 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

_

-

_

-

-

2
2

-

9
6

2

15
8
7

17
15
2

13
11
2

-

-

10
4
6
6

15

-

~

-

~

-

64
45
19
2

50
38
12
1

45
40
5
5

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------------------382
M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 2 5 2
N
ONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------- 1 3 0

40 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

9 4 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0

_

_

-

-

-

39
27
12

61
40
21

22

-

51
23
28

11

68
55
13

56
25
31

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL----------------------398
M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 2 5 7
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------- 1 4 1

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 6 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
9 5.00

9 7 .0 0
98 .0 0
94 .5 0

8 8 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

_

-

16

9

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR------------------------- 3 3 6
MANUFACTURING
----------------------------------- 2 4 3
N
ONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------88

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 7 .5 0
122 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

1 2 2.00
1 2 8 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A
------M
ANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

46
32

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

115 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

_

101
86

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

7 9 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

6 9 .0 0 6 5 .5 0 -

8 6.00
8 4 .0 0

1
1

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39 .0

8 9.00
9 1 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

8 6 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

7 9 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 7 6 .0 0 -

9 7.00
9 8 .5 0
8 7.00

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------------------M
ANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B
------N
ONMANUFACTURING
-----------------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTICNISTS152
MANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 1 1 9
N
ONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------33

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




3
3
1
1

1
6
3
7

-

_

-

-

-

-

6
5
1

5

16

_

19

-

-

-

-

5

16

19

_

_

-

-

1
1

“

9

41
19
22

9

-

3

3
3

3

8
8

8
8

6
6

-

~

-

-

31
23
8

26
16
10

29
21
8

62
38
24

66
52
14

53
41
12

34
23
11

62
34
28

30
24
6

7
6
1

14
1
13

15
6
9

27
9
18

11
8
3

46
32
14

65
45
20

8

-

11

-

5

9

18

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

13

4
4

2
2

5
5

2

-

-

-

35
24
11
11

27
27

22
22

64
64

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

~

15
11
4

2
1

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

37
37

74
74

8
8
-

8
4
4

33

-

-

9
2
-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

4

_

2

2

-

1
1

6

-

4

-

7
5

2

4
4

2
2

11
11

6
3

30
30

15
13

2
2

2

_

_

8

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

20

6
6

-

_

30
23
7

7
7

5
5

6

_

-

-

-

_

_

3
“

3
3

4
4

2

24
9

21
14
7

3

-

13
6
7

33

~

2
~

-

-

-

-

~

"

“

-

“

-

11

30
12

-

-

3
3

3

3
3

13

-

-

20

*

10
10

18
18

“

”

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dayton, Ohio, January 1968)
W eek ly e arn in g s1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

A ve rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
(standard)

Number of wcrkers receiving straight-timeweekly earnings of—
$
55

M e a n 1*
24

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

S
60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

$
100

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

3

5

2

2

12

13
5
8

7
3
4

-

6
6

2

-

8
4
4

14
13
1

5
4
1

4
2
2

11
2
9

98
48
50

101
59
42

*

$

$

$

$

s

$

$

105

$
$
$
$
110 120 130 140

150

$
t
160 170

180

$
t
190 200

190

200 over

t

and
under
60

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

3

8

180

W M
O EN - CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------- 43

$
40.0 114.00

$
99.00

$
$
92.50-152.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------------- 95
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 66
29
----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

39.5
39.5
39.0

87.00
88.00
86.00

67.50-100.00
65.00- 98.00
69.50-111.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------ 299
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------210
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 89

39.5 104.00 99.00
39.5 108.50 102.50
39.5
92.50 92.50

88.50-121.50
91.00-128.00
85.00-103.00

-

_

—

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------------------------ 722
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------476
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 246

39.5
39.5
39.0

71.00- 93.00
73.00- 95.50
68.50- 88.00

_

62

-

33

86.50
86.50
86.00

82.50
86.00
76.00

82.00
86.50
75.50

~

_
-

17
17
“

-

29

2

1
1

1
1

-

-

12
6

13
10
3

16
8
6

45
28
17

28
17
11

44
31
13

22
14
8

76

62
40

36
36

42
36

32

22

71
54
17

125

44

77

48

4

1

6

9
9

12
3
9

34
26
8

37
37

~

9
9

24
20
4

3

3
3

18
18

28
28

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than
the higher rate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 May include workers other than those presented separately.




9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dayton, Ohio, January 1968)
W eek ly e a r n in g s1
(standard )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

(standard )

---Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of

t

A v e rage
M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

t
60

$
65

$
70

$

$

*

$

$

t

t

S

$

*

S

«

$

$

s

s

i

65

_

70

_
75

85

90

100

110

120

130

1A0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

85

90

100

110

120

130

1A0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

over

15
15

and
under

80

75

37
23

A6
30

72
33

112
112

52
52

10
10

12
12

31
31

26
26

9
9

22
21

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

and

80

M
EN

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------------------- A13
M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 344

$
$
$
$
AO.O 18A.00 182.00 170.50-193.50
AO.O 187.50 183.50 17A.00-197.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS 8 ------------------------------- 327
MANUFACTURING
----------------------------------- 257

AO.O 1A7.00 1A7.00 130.50-159.00
AO.O 150.50 1A9.00 133.00-161.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------------------- 28A
M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 238

AO.O 11A.50 114.00 102.00-126.50
AO.O 117.00 117.00 103.50-127.50

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS --------------------------------M
ANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

61 AO.O 90.00
3 1 AO.O 1OA.0O

84.00
94.50

71.50-107.50
8A.50—132.50

-

-

-

_

*

-

*

-

12
-

7
7

58
A3

58
A5

53
A0

66
53

27
2A

15
15

_

12
-

13
1

27
26

60
58

61
A8

63
62

28
23

5
5

6
6

7
7

2
2

8
d

7
4

A
1

1
1

2
2

6
6

6
6

11
11

8

13
12

18
18

4
3

8
6

_

12
11

1 2 -

1 2
1

1

8
8

_

-

WM
O EN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! ----M
ANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

80
7A

AO.O 1A1.00 141.50 125.00-162.00
AO.O 1A0.00 141.00 12A.50-158.00

J

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employeesreceive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.




10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , D ayton, O hio, J a n u a r y 1968)
A ve rage

Occupation and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earn in gs 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
’standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

Number

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

40 .0
40 .0

$
9 3 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A------------185
M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 1 0 3
82
----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
40 .0

$
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
9 3.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS152
MANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 1 1 9
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 3 3

4 0 .0
40.0
3 9 .0

$
8 9 .0 0
9 1.00
8 2.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------------- 5 1
31
NONMANUFACTURING
-----------------------------

40 .0
4 0 .0

8 2.50
7 4.50

325
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B------------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------------2 1 2
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------- 1 1 3

39 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 6.50
8 9 .5 0
8 1.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------- 4 6
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 4 1

39.5
4 0 .0

165 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------- 7 7
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 4 5
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 3 2

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

84
OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS
--------------------------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 5 4
30
NONMANUFACTURING
-----------------------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 9 .0 0
8 3.00
7 2 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

3 9 .5
40 .0
3 9 .0

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 5 5
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------46

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0

200
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 1 6 8
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 3 2

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 4 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
8 3.00

1,0
SECRETARIES3---------------------------------------------- 9 9
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------8 1 8
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------- 2 8 1

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0
113 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------------------------------- 4 2
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 4 0

39.0
3 9 .0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

317
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------ 2 1 1
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------- 1 0 6

40 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

62
SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 5 4

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

132 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 6.50
8 6.50
8 6.00

464
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------180
M AN UFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — -------------------------- 2 8 4
32
PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

237
SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------------------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 1 8 1
56
----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------------- 9 5
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 6 6
29
----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

.5
.5
.5
.0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

3 9 .0
40 .0

3
3
3
3

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------ 3 0 0
MANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 2 1 0
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 9 0

63
CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 2 7

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------ 3 9 3
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------3 2 0
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 7 3
32
PUBLIC UTILITIES--------------------------

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------------------------ 7 2 6
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------4 7 6
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 2 5 0

3 9 .5
39.5
3 9 .0

8 2.50
8 6.00
7 6 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING —
------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------

367
87
41

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 6 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
8 8.00

384
SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------------------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 2 5 4
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------- 1 3 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 7 .5 0

90 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL----------------------398
M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 2 5 7
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------- 1 4 1

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------------- 4 1 3
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------3 4 4

CLERKS, ORDER------------------------------------------ 2 4 2
MANUFACTURING------------------------------------ 1 5 7

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------------- 3 3 3
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------2 6 3

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

147 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------------------- 1 8 8
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 1 4 1
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 4 7

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR------------------------- 3 3 6
M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 2 4 8
88
N
ONMANUFACTURING
-----------------------------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 7 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------- 2 8 6
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------2 3 9

40 .0
40 .0

1 1 4 .5 0
117 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------------- 2 2 2
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 1 1 5
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 1 0 7

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 8.50
112 .5 0
8 3.00

50
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A
------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 3 2

39.5
3 9 .0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS---------------------------------- 8 5
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 3 1

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7.00
1 0 4 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B
------N
ONM NUFACTURING
A
-----------------------------

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

7 9 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----80
M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 7 4

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------------- 62:
MANUFACTURING------------------------------------ 2 9

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

39.5

8 6.00

3 9 .5

9 4 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0

101
86

9
9
9
9

101

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 May include workers other than those presented separately.




11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m en in se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , D ayton, Ohio, J a n u a r y 1968)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

H ourly e irn ings 1

Occupation and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

$
2 .2 0
M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle r a n g e 2

*
2 .3 0

t
2.4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2.6 0

t
2 . 70

*
2 .8 0

t
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

S
3 .1 0

t
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

*
3.40

t
3 .5 0

$
3.6 0

s
3 .70

$
3 .8 0

$
3 .9 0

*
4 .0 0

S
4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

t
4 .6 0

t
4.8 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 . 80

2 .9 0

3.00

3.10

3 .20

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .80

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4.4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

9
9

4
4

6
4

22
22

8
8

4
-

3
2

6
6

20
20

36
36

4

15
13

33
33

-

23
23

14
14

20
19

9
9

4
4

40
40

34
34

8
7

30
29

44
43

67
31

51
51

202
202

1
1

16
14

i

4
4

9
8

4
3

4
4

4
4

_

7
7

7
7

44
44

-

*

25
25

-

6
6

_

_

20
20

_

3
3

5
5

_

_

3
3

2
2

_

and
under
2 .3 0

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE-------------------M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------

170
157

1.85
3.85

1.91
3.91

$
$
3.42- 4.33
3.41- 4.35

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------------M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------

551
511

4.03
4.03

4.07
4.15

3.67- 4.43
3.64- 4.44

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -----------------------M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------

125
120

3.81
3.83

3.79
3.86

3.24- 4.43
3.24- 4.43

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -------------M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------

48
48

3.40
3.40

3.45
3.45

3. 15- 3.66
3.15- 3.66

-

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRAOES-----------M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------

113
61

2.82
2.71

2.91
2.72

2.56- 3.00
2.36- 3.14

-

-

24
24

2
2

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING----------------------------------

858
857

4.31
4.32

4.47
4.47

4.11- 4.59
4. 12- 4.59

_

-

_

-

-

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -------------------M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------

405
400

4.15
4.15

4.09
4.09

3.79- 4.57
3.78- 4.58

_

-

_

""

~

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE)-------------------------------------- 153
MANUFACTURING
95
---------------------------------58
NONMANUFACTURING
---------------------------44
PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------------------

3.52
3.68
3.25
3.20

3.48
3.52
3.41
3.31

3.303.342.882.73-

_

_

-

-

404
375

3.55
3.52

3.45
3.37

3.07- 4.07
3.07- 4.03

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------- 370
MANUFACTURING---------------------------------- 370

4.05
4.05

4.39
4.39

3.66- 4.45
3.66- 4.45

-

-

OILERS ------------------------------------------------------136
MANUFACTURING---------------------------------- 134

3.21
3.21

3.28
3.28

3.04- 3.46
3.04- 3.46

-

-

-

_

14
14

2
2

10
10

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------

103
92

3.77
3.80

3.76
3.76

3.45- 4.31
3.70- 4.31

-

-

_

-

2
2

_

2
2

_

-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------

357
350

4.14
4.15

4.37
4.38

3.89- 4.45
3.90- 4.45

-

-

4
4

-

_

_

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE-----------------------M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------

32
32

3.74
3.74

3.81
3.81

3.55- 3.94
3.55- 3.94

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING----------------------------------

155
154

4.26
4.26

4.41
4.41

3.99- 4.46
3.99- 4.46

T
OOL AND DIE MAKERS ---------------------------- 1,015
1,015
M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------

4.40
4.40

4.29
4.29

4.23- 4.67
4.23- 4.67

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE---------------------M
ANUFACTURING----------------------------------

3.81
4.29
3.66
3.69

“
_

_

-

-

*

-

*

~

1
1

~

_

_

3
3

_

4
4

-

5
5

17

35
“

_

-

26
26

-

-

-

*

-

~

-

-

-

-

“

-

2
2

-

1
1

4
3

3
3

2
2

6
6

16
16

23
23

6
6

16
16

7
7

97
97

133
133

14
14

324
324

202
202

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

~

7
7

17
17

3
3

1
1

8
8

23
23

28
28

14
14

6
6

4
4

106
101

-

“

2
2

115
115

71
71

_

_

_

3

6
1
5

21
17
4

1
1

26
26

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
i
5
5

-

*

12
I
11
9

-

4
2

34
30
4
4

4

3
3

1
1
-

4

-

16
12
4
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
28

86
86

19
19

42
42

6
6

24
24

41
41

11
11

13
13

_

3
2

32
4

70
70

20
20

_

_

-

-

70
70

_

_

-

_

4
4

-

31
31

i
i

47
47

181
181

_

_

“

36
36

20
20

14
14

ii
9

-

52
52

13
13

-

15
15

4

i
i

4
i

-

1
1

40
40

28
28

1

_

-

“

2
2

_

“

-

-

18
18

i

-

10
9

8
8

17
17

1

35
32

36
36

2
1

58
58

167
167

_

-

-

5
5

4
4

12
12

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

“

10
10
10

-

-

_

-

_

6
6

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

“

2
2

~

-

3
3

1
1

“
-

_

_

“

4
4
4

-

6
6

_

“

-

“

~

_

1
l

-

•

-

-

~

4
4

6
6

-

4
4

3

_

-

-

_

_
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

i
i

-

8
8

12
12

21
20

1
1

24
24

88
88

_

_

-

~

_

-

_

_

-

_

4
4

2
2

6
6

_

7
7

9
9

2
2

6
6

13
13

22
22

17
17

67
67

386
386

18
18

455
455

1
1

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




-

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D ay to n , O hio, J a n u a r y 1968)
H ourly earn in gs 2

Occupation1 and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
*
der

M e an 3

M e d ia n 3

M iddle ran ge3

*

$

S

$

S

1.40

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1.7 0

1 .8 0

1.9 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2.00 2.10 2.20

-

18
18

1 .5 0

GUARDS AND W
ATCHMEN
----------------------------- 624
M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------------513
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------- 111

$
2.88
3.09
1.92

$
3.16
3.45
1.48

$
2.472.761.44-

$
3.54
3.55
2.64

~

69

G
UARDS:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------446

3.23

3.50

2.98- 3.56

-

-

-

W
ATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 67

2.14

2.04

1.69- 2.48

-

-

-

18

2.54
2.93
1.64

1.77- 2.99
2.48- 3.11
1.48- 1.89

54

95

127
16

JANITORS. PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----- 1,901
1,246
M
ANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 655
JANITORS. PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
300
(W
OMEN) ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 91
NONMANUFACTURING:
33
PUBLIC UTILITIES4-------------------------LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING------------- 1,168
MANUFACTURING------------------------------------ 962
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------- 206
49
PUBLIC UTILITIES4--------------------------

2.42
2.78
1.75

1.91
2.72

1.62
2.88

1.45- 2.39
2.29- 3.13

1.99

1.85
2.85
2.84
2.88
3.61

2.602.602.592.99-

69

—
54

10

1.78- 2.45

2.80
2.79
2.85
3.33

3.15
3.14
3.20
3.66

$

S

-

131

131

130

1

-

_

—
95

5

-

-

—

1
1

_

3.08
3.07
3.12

3.18
3.11
3.47

3.01- 3.46
3.00- 3.43
3.41- 3.54

PACKERS, SHIPPING ---------------------------------- 606
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------573

2.93
2.95

3.11
3.14

2.54- 3.43
2.55- 3.42

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING (W
OMEN) ------------------ 429
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------406

2.87
2.94

3.32
3.32

2.33- 3.36
2.43- 3.36

-

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------------ 183
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 93
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------90

2.70
2.92
2.48

2.91
3.08
2.28

2.28- 3.14
2.65- 3.16
1.87- 3.03

_

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------------------------- 80
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 69

3.22
3.23

3.15
3.15

2.94
2.98

2.97
3.05

2.64- 3.26
2.65- 3.26

“

-

1,388
TRUCKDRI VERS5 -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------492
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------- 896
PUBLIC UTILITIES4-------------------------- 518

3.29
3.16
3.36
3.59

3.44
3.27
3.60
3.64

3.062.923. 103.61-

3.63
3.49
3.65
3.67

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ---------------------------------------- 120
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 56
64
----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

2.53
2.93
2.17

2.62
3.04
1.90

1.79- 3.08
2.63- 3.25
1.70- 2.69

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
200
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS).
------------------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 121

3.16
2.98

3.27
2.99

2.87- 3.39
2.82- 3.34

-

111
23
4

6
55
49

6

_

12




S

*

1

$

$

$

S

S

$

S

$

S

2.4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2.8 0

2.9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3. 80

4 .0 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2.5 0

2 .6 0 2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3.0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4.

19
18

19
18

4
4

78
58

15
15

~

9
4
5

4

1

9
3

*

1

-

-

-

4

1

9

-

14

-

-

3

20
2

20
2

30
9

129
97
32

55
46
9

55
47

95

10

85

4

3
25
18
7

18

16

1

15

5
5

18

3
3

21
15

1

18

16

10

-

-

*

-

35
32
3

19

4

13

6
5
1

7

_

8
8

“

8
8

21
20

-

7

4

25
16

9

“
-

-

6
-

~
-

“

_
“

7
7

2

-

7
7

13
9

12
12

1
1

3

6

3.03- 3.29
3.04- 3.26

150
SHIPPING ANO RECEIVING CLERKS --------M
ANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 132

1
1

~

-

ORDER FILLERS ---------------------------------------- 469
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------339
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 130

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .

t
2 .3 0

t

2.00 2.10 2.20

and
4 0 under

12
12
-

8
10
10
3
3

4

7

1

6

7
9

8

-

21

8

3

2
1
18

12
6

4
3

1

8
8
-

8
110
106
4

2

30
27
3

25

2
71

66
5

_

1
1

49
45

4
2
2
2
~

22
2

22
21
1

17
17

5

8

18

21

17

13

8

72
71

1

8
1

-

107

2

101
6

7

56
56

7

30
30

19
19

11
11

39
39

_

_

11

6
6

3
3

12

9

3

3

110
105

5

20
20

76
76

36
36

30
30

"

-

-

16

23

~

16

-

23

_
”

-

7
“

-

-

1
1

11
11

-

3
3

7
-

16

16

16

6
6

36
36

-

4

16
13
3

14

-

_

1
1

“

10
10

1
1

~

10
10
“

10

10

31
31

5
4

-

4

3
3

15
13

2

-

12
2
“
_
-

12
8
“

1
1

-

115
103

-

3

6
6

8
1

10
10

_

2

2
2

30
30

259
243
16

_

-

1
1

9

50

-

-

10
10

150

100

11
11

-

2

“

"
16

“

-

4
4

20
20

1
1
8
6

1
-

29
37

~

26
26

12

62
55
7

-

66

3

_
—

19
16
15

4

“

4 .2 0

20

2
l
1

264
264

50

1

264

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_
-

-

_
-

_

_

8
449
446

3

31
31

-

~

“

~

_

~

~

7

71
69

24

00

7

7
3

50
45

5
5
3
3
17
4
13

4
4

167
136
31

8

56
49

7
36
32

158
124
34

25
25

1

5
4

-

1
1

17
4
13

22

-

77
55

—

_

_

—
-

—

65
65

*

-

_

_
_

-

-

5

-

-

-

10
10

-

11
11
1

11
11

28
25

_
-

7

4

42
39

—

28
28

_
-

7

9
9

28

4
4

9
5

14
14

3

20

1 222
1 122
100
“
“
11 1 1 6 112
98
11 1 1 6
_
253
11
253
11
-

5
“

35
32

2

59
39

134
134

281
76
205
49

1

140
138

-

8
8
248

122

126
5

486
23
463
441

-

3
3
-

_
-

“

“

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
Table A-5L Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dayton, Ohio, January 1968)
H ourly e a r n in g s2

Occupation1 and industry division

N um ber
of
w oikers

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

$
M e an 3

M e d ia n 3

M id d le r an g e 3

I

$

$

$

Under 1*40 1* 50 1*60 1*70 1* 80
S
and
1.40 under

$

I

$

$

$

$

$

$

[%

$

s

lm90

2-°° 1 10 2- 20 2* 30 2.40 2.50 2*60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3 4
2«00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00

$

$

$

$

$

$

________.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 X>2Q_3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20
1

TRUCKORIVERS5 - CONTINUED
TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY I0VER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------------------------ 649
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 57
NONMANUFACTURING
----------------------------- 592
PUBLIC UTILITIES'*------------------------- 330

$
3.44
3.17
3.47
3.66

$
3.60
3.08
3.61
3.65

$
$
3.09- 3.65
3.03- 3.35
3.18- 3.65
3.62- 3.67

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

64
64

2.93
2.93

3.01
3.01

2.88- 3.07
2.88- 3.07

899
TRUCKERS, POW
ER (FORKLIFT) --------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 788

3.08
3.08

3.19
3.22

2.79- 3.43
2.76- 3.43

TRUCKERS, PO ER (OTHER THAN
W
FORKLIFT) ------------------------------------------------128
MANUFACTURING----------------------------------- 128

3.11
3.11

3.14
3.14

3.09- 3.18
3.09- 3.18

1
2
3
4
5

6
6

_

_

_

_

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




_

_

_

_

_

_
23
23

10
10
47
47

_
23
23

_

1
1

-

174
26
148

21
21
~

8
8

13
13

26
26

7
7

10
10

111
111

147
147

57
57

84
84

98
18

7
7

13
13

2
2

_

94
94

_
-

119
119
5

325
325
325

3
3
-

_
”

_
289
268

12
12

-

-

-

10

_

_
-

_
-

-

-

14

B. Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office workers, Dayton, Ohio, January 1968)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-time salary1

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3of----

All
industries

All
schedules

40

All
schedules

All
industries

All
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

40

All
schedules

40

66

XXX

66

XXX

132

66

XXX

66

XXX

5
1

33

29

18

14

65

40

36

25

16

2
$57.50 _
__
. . .
$60.00
_____________________________________
1
$62.50
_____________________________________
0
$65.00
_____________________________________ 1
1
$67.50
_____________________________________ 1
$70.00.
_
_
_
_ __
__
2
4
$72.50
________________________________________________
$75.00
________________________________________________
2
$77.50 _ __ _______ — _ _ _
__
_ _
5
1
$80.00 . . ............................ ........
.......
.
..
4
$82.50. _ _
__
__ _
__
1
$85.00—
______________________ _
—— ____________—
—
$87.50 ____ _
_
_ _ ________ _ _ „ „
_
_
2
$90.00 _
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _______
_ _
_ _
_
$92.50
_____________________________________
1
$95.00.
. _ _
_
_ _ _ _______
_ _
$97.50. .
_ _ ._
__
.
$100.00
_
_ . _ —
_
----- — ._
5

1
6
4
1
3
2
3
1
4
1
2

1
-

1
1
3
4
1
1

3

6
4
1
2
1
1
1
4
1
2

1
1
4
7
1
1

-

1
1
8
5
3
3
3

2
2
6
9
2
2
1

1
1
5
5

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

1
3
1
2

-

-

1
1
8
5
3
5
4
1
1
3
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Establishments having a specified minimum
________________

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
14
14
5
7
5
1
1
3
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

5

5

-

*

1
5

19

10

XXX

9

XXX

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category_________________________________________________62

23

XXX

39

XXX

Establishments having no specified minimum

1

-

-

2
1
-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

5

5

-

-

30

15

XXX

15

XXX

37

11

XXX

26

XXX

These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger or office girl.
Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweek reported.




»

Based on standard weekly hours3 of—

132

Establishments studied
_______________
— __ _ _ _ _
__ _ _ _

$55.00 and under
$57.50 and under
$60.00 and under
$62.50 and under
$65.00 and under
$67.50 and under
$70.00 and under
$72.50 and under
$75.00 and under
$77.50 and under
$80.00 and under
$82.50 and under
$85.00 and under
$87.50 and under
$90.00 and under
$92.50 and under
$9 5.00 and under
$97.50 and under

Other inexperienced clerical workers 2

1




15

T able B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential,
Dayton, Ohio, January 1968)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
In establishments having formal
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Total

. . .

Second shift

Third or other
shift

With shift pay differential__________________________
Uniform cents (per hour)
5 cents____________ _
_ ________________________
_
_
6 cents__________________________________________
7 cents _ _ _ _ _
__ __
__
_ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _
7 V cents _______________________________________
2
_ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
8 cents _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
9 cents___________ _ _ _____________
_ __
_
__________
10 cents_ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _....
_ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __________ __
_
_ _
IIV 2 cents_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
12 cents._ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ __________________________
14 cents_ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
15 cents_ _ _____________________
_
.
18 cents.
_ _
19 cents—
__________ _ _ _ ___________ _ _
_ _ _ __
_ __
_
20 cents_________________________________________
__
_
2 5 V cents..
2
..
-

_

-----

5 percent_ _ _ . . . . . .
_ _ _
— ____
7 percent.
__ . . .
_
_ _ _ . .
_ _ _
7 V2 percent- _
_
_
_
_
_ _
. .
8 percent — _ _ _
10 percent
______________________________________
15 percent-__________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _
25 percent.. .
_ _ — _ _ _ __ _ _. .
_
_ _ _
__
Other formal pay differential__________________
With no shift pay differential______________________

100.0

93.5

12.7

5.3

96.6

90.5

12.2

5.1

33.4

..................................

Uniform percentage—

Third or other
shift work

Actually working on—

27.4

6.6

3.3

3.7
.5
.5
.4
2.4
.8
10.6
4.9
3.6
.7
4.6
.9

.
1.0
4.4
5.5
1.2
6.7
1.8
.7
1.2
4.9

.6
.1
.1

.1
.4
.7
.1
.7

-

-

(1
2)
.6
.2
1.9
1.5
.4
.2
.8
.2

(2)

-

-

(2)
1.3

61.7

61.7

5.4

1.8

37.8
.8
2.1
.8
20.2

.4
1.5
.8
55.9
2.5
.6

2.0
.2
.4
.1
2.6

-

1.5

1.5

.2

.1

3.4

3.0

.5

.1

-

-

(2)

-

1.6
.2

-

-

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with formal provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 Less than 0.05 percent.

16
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , D a y to n , O h io , J a n u a r y 1968)
Plant workers

Office workers

Weekly hours
All industries1
2

All workers_____________________________________

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities3

100

All industries 4

100

100

Manufacturing

Public utilitie s 3

100

100

(5)
2
i
6
Over 37V and under 40 hours_____________________
2

46 hours____________________________________________ 48 hours______________________________________ _
_ _ _
_ _

1
2
3
4
5

(5)
77
2
4
3
1
2
3

.
89
2
3
_

82
2
2
2
1
1
3

2

16
3
77
1
2

6

10
1
84
1
2
_

(5)

-

-

an d

se rv ic e s,

_
_
-

-

-

-

6

_

_

_

in a d d it io n

to t h o s e

in d u s tr y d iv i s io n s

sh ow n

se p a r a te ly .

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0.5 percent.




94

-

Scheduled hours are the weekly hours which a majority of the full-time workers were expected to work, whether they were paid for at straight-time or overtime rates.
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e ,
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

6

17

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , D a y to n , O h io , J a n u a r y 1968)
Office workers

Plant workers
Item
All industries 1

All workers____________________________________

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays
Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays

100

98

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

95

99

Z

“

3
16

_

n
Z
7

(4)
z
4
1
8
11
Z

5

100

100

(4)

“

~

1
Z4

_

_

5

(4)
1
8
1
7
9
Z
4
Z4
18
1

(4)
(4)
4
1
1
1
13
Z
35
Z8
"

11
33

Number of days

Less than 6 holidays— ___________________________
6 holidays
6 holidays plus 1 half day
_________________________
6 holidays plus Z half days _ _________________
_
_
________
7 holidays_________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 half day _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
7 holidays plus 2 half days_______________________
8 holidays__________________________________
_______
8 holidays plus 1 half day________________
__________
8 holidays plus Z half days_______________________
9 holidays___________________________________________
10 holidays__________________________________________
11 holidays--------------------------------------------------------------

7

8
40
14
33

(4)
6
1
0
1
1
Z
Z
Z9
(4)

Z8
37
"

(4)
Z9
5Z
54
70
70
79
79
95
96
96
96
97
98

_

_

37
65
67
87
87
9Z
93
100
100
100
100
100
100

33
33
47
47
87
87
95
95
95
95
95
95

-

5
50
-

“

Total holiday time 5

11 days_______________________________________________
10 days or more_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _______
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _
9 days or more
8 V days or more __________________________________
2
8 days or more
772 days or more
7 days or more
6V2 days or more________________
________________
6 days or more
5 days or more_____________________________________
4 days or more_____________________________________
3 days or more_ _______ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _ _ _ _ _
_
1 V days or more
z
__________________________________
1 day or more

1
2
3
4
5
no half

-

1
19
47
49
65
66
75
75
98
98
98
98
98
99

_

.

Z8
64
65
89
90
94
95
100
100
100
100
100
100

50
50
56
56
89
89
100
100
100
100
100
100

Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0.5 percent.
All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and
days, 8 full days and Z half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then were cumulated.




18

Table B-5. Paid V acations1
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , D a y to n , O h io , J a n u a r y 1968)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All industries2

All workers

. .

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
94
4
1

100
95
4
1

95
95

99
99

100
99

100
100

Method of payment
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations_________________________________
_ _ _
_ _
Length-of-time payment _ _
Percentage payment
_____________________________
Other-------------- —
—
------- Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations
—
_ __
_
_ -

0

5

1

-

-

(5)

(5)

(5)

-

_

Amount of vacation pay 6
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week- —
— 1 week _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ ____________ ——— — — ——_
_
_
———
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
_________________________

14
8

12
7

33
10

8
59
5

2
71
7

50
9

91
(5)
8

96

94

28

24

94

(5)
72

-

-

76

6

74
6
20

85
7
8

76

12
1
86

16
2
82

92

-

-

-

(5)

-

-

7
35
56

8
45
46

-

(5)
1

(5)
1

3
1
78
18

3
2
67
28

(5)
90
1
9

-

-

90
1
10

95

-

After 1 year of service
1 week _ _ _ _ — _ _ _
_ _ _ _
_ _ _ _— _ _
_ _ _
_
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
_________________________
2 weeks---------------------------------------------------------------------

(5)
3

-

1

After 2 years of service
1 week- _________ _ _
_
_
_
________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
_________________________
2 wppks
.
. - - „., _ _
,p
_ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks

19
-

8
-

After 3 years of service
1 week_
_
_ _
_
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 u/ppk<?
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ _ _
__
3 weeks---------------------------------------------------------------------

-

95
-

1
_
99
-

After 5 years of service
1 week
___________________ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ __ _
_
_ _
2 weeks_ _ _ _ _ ________ _ _ _ _
___ __
__
Over 2 and under 3 weeks— _
3 weeks--------- _ — --------------- — _ - —
—
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
_________________________

_
55
2
43

100

-

(5)
68
2
30

-

-

(5)

*

-

17
32
49
1

11
41
46
2

9
85
“

14
3
63
17
2

6
5
60
27
2

11
-

1
6
32
50

10
41
47

2
93

-

-

-

1

2

"

13
3
65
17
2

6
4
61
27
2

-

-

-

After 10 years of service
2 wppk s _ _
_ _ . - _ . . _ - _ _ ._
_
Over 2 and under 3 weeks_________________________
3 weeks.
------ ---------- Over 3 and under 4 weeks_ _
4 weeks---------------------------------------------------------------------

89
-

After 12 years of service
2 weeks — —— ——— — ———— — — — —— —
__
_
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
_________________________
3 weeks_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _ _
_
_
_
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _ _
_
__ _
__
4 weeks_ _ __
— _ — _
__ _
- —

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




-

1
-

99
-

-

19

Table B-5. Paid V acations1
----Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , D a y to n , O h io , J a n u a r y 1968)
Office workers

Plant workers
Vacation policy
All industries 1
2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

Amount of vacation pay 6 Continued
---After 15 years of service
2 weeks-------------------------------------------------------------------__
_ _ _
_ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks- _ _
3 weeks
_
_
_ _ _ __ _ _
_
___
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
_________________________
4 weeks_ _ _ _
_ _
— _
_
------- - —

10
1
80
2
6

4
1
88
2
5

i
76
19

6
64
2
27

3
60
2
36

96
4

1
1
1
54
3
29
1
1

4
1
67
4
23
1
2

1
12
82
-

6
31
1
60

3
32
1
62

(5)
2

(5)
2

12
88
-

10
1
39
1
45
5
1

3
1
47
1
42
6
1

1
1
93
-

4
14

1
9
80
10
(5)

9
91
-

10
1
39
1
45
3
1
1

3
1
47
1
42
4
1
1

1
1
93
-

1

(5)
74
3
4

9
80
4
6

9
91
-

-

(5)

(5)

10
1
39
1
45
3
1
1

3
1
47
1
42
4
1
1

1
1
93
-

4
14

1
9
80
4
6

9
91
-

(5)

“

After 20 years of service
2 weeks- _ _ _ _ — ----- -------- --------_ _ _ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _
_
_ _________
_
3 weeks_ _ _ - _ _ _ _ — _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _
_ _ _
_ _
_ _ _
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
_
_ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _
_
4 weeks_ _
__ _
_ _ _ _________ _ _ _ _ _ _
__
_
_ _ _
_________________________
Over 4 and under 5 weeks
5 weeks--------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

After 25 years of service
2 weeks_______________________________________________
-----------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks
_ — — —
__
_
__ _
__ _
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _
4 weeks _ — — —
_ _ _ _
Over 4 and under 5 weeks
_________________________
5 weeks
__ __
_ _
_ ___
___
Over 5 and under 6 weeks_ _ _ ___
__

-

(5)
74
1
6
(5)

-

After 30 years of service
2 weeks_ _ _
_ _ _
________
__ _ _ _ __
_ _ _ _
__
_________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks
_ ____ ...... — -------------------„
,
,
—,
—
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
_________________________
4 weeks_
__
_
_ _
5 weeks_ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_ _ _ _ __
_ __
weeks .
......
Over 6 weeks- _ _ - - _ _ - - _

4
14

-

Maximum vacation available
2 weeks
_
____________ _ _ __ _ __ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ __ _ _ _
_
_
_ __
_ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _
_
3 weeks _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ———— — ——— —
_________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 weeks _
_ _
— —
5 weeks _
________ — — — _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
—
_ -_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
6 weeks- _
_ __
_
_
_________
Over 6 weeks_
_ — _ _
_
__
__ _ - _
_

_

(5)
74
2
4
1

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans to workers with qualifying lengths
of service. Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real eotate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Less than 0.5 percent.
6 Includes payments other than "length of time," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service were chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progression. For example, the changes
in proportions indicated at 10 years* service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for 3 weeks' pay or more
after 10 years includes those eligible for 3 weeks' pay or more after fewer years of service.




20
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, ana Pension Plans
(Percent of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits,1 Dayton, Ohio, January 1968)
Plant workers

Office workers

Type of benefit
All industries 1
2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industrie s 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

95

97

95

97

99

100

7
5

81

84

78

81

95

Workers in establishments providing:
Life insurance-------------- —
------ Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance_ _ _ _ _ _ — --------- ------------ _ _ _ _ _
----Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both5 _
__
— _ _
_
Sickness and accident insurance___________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) _
_ ___________________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period). _ _ _
_
_
_
_ _ _ ____________ _
_
_
Hospitalization insurance _ _ _
Surgical insurance— —
Medical insurance_______________________________
Catastrophe insurance_ _ _ - -----_ _
Retirement pension
______________________________
No health, insurance, or pension plan _ _ _
_ _ _ _

92

96

88

85

94

90

87

96

25

66

86

10

4

1

-

58

73

4

*

70

9

1

82

93
93
81
32
87
i

99
99
93
33
93

95
95
89
89
88
5

95
95
84
80
87
i

99
99
89
83
94

98
98
94
95
94

-

(6)

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer, except those legally required, such as workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
6 Less than 0.5 percent.




21
Table B-7.

Premium Pay for Overtime Work

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y o v e r t im e p r e m i u m p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , D a y to n , O h io , J a n u a r y 1968)
Plant w o r k e r s

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

P r e m iu m pay policy
All i n d u s t r i e s 1

A l l w o r k e r s ________

- _______

- -

100

T i m e a n d o n e - h a l f ____ ___
____
Effectiv e after:
7 V2 h o u r s _______________ _________________
73 h o u r s
/4
_ ________ ______ __
8 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------

5

M anufacturing

Public u t i l i t i e s 2
1

All i n d u s t r i e s 3

M anufacturing

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

97

98

96

81

86

91

97

98

96

81

86

91

92

6
91

96

9
(5)
71

9
1
76

_
91

3

2

4

19

14

9

99

100

98

99

100

100

T i m e a nd o n e - h a l f _____________________________
E ffective after:
3 7 Vz h o u r s ______
_
____
383 h o u rs - - /4
___
___
40 h o u r s __ ___ ________ _____________ ____
44 h o u r s — — — ___ __
48 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------

93

92

98

97

100

100

5

6

-

-

-

85
2
1

86

98

10
1
85

100

-

-

-

-

T r i p l e t i m e _______ _____________________________
E ffective after:
40 h o u r s ------------------- ----------- ----

6

8

_

3

6

8

-

3

2

(5)

D aily o v e r t im e at p r e m i u m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g
p r o v isio n s for d aily o v ertim e pay 4
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s ___________ ____ __

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g no
p r o v isio n s for d aily o v ertim e pay
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s 6 ----------------------------------------

-

W eekly o v e r t im e at p r e m i u m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g
p r o v is io n s for w eekly o v e rtim e pay 4
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s -------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g no
p r o v isio n s for w eekly o v ertim e pay
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s 6 __ —
-----------

__ —

-

1

10
(5)
87
(5)

-

-

-

-

-

5

_

5

-

1 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Includes workers in establishments covered by legislative requirements regarding premium pay for overtime, even though such workers actually do not work

overtime. Graduated
provisions for premium pay are classified under the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours would be considered
as time and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly, a plan calling for no pay or pay at a regular rate after 35 hours and time and one-half after 40 hours would be considered as time and one-half
after 40 hours.
Less than 0.5 percent.
Includes workers in establishments exempt from legislative requirements regarding premium pay for overtime and where, as a matter of policy, overtime is not worked.

5
6




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing m a­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

22

23

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting cleiks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting woik is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following;
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class C. Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

24

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous item!: or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail,

and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com ­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does notin all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

25
SECRETA RY— Continue d

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate - wide functional activity (e .g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e tc .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include transcribing-machine woik. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit ( e . g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory woiker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from writ­
ten copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full­
time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for c a lls .)
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited
telephone information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g. , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBINC-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring horn diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following; Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following? Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting rip simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

27

P R O F E S SI O N AL AND T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN— Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Worits in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Worits with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such woik as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Woik

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M A I N T E N A N C E AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of woik from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's hand tools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of woik; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the woik of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of woik; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

29

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the woik of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Woik involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s woik normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Woik involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the w ok of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
W ok involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the w ok of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

30

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-forming work. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D I A L AND M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker, stockman
or stock helper, warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

31

ORDER, FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
dripped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, woriceis are classified as follows:
Receiving cleric
Shipping cleric
Shipping and receiving cleric
TRUCKD RTVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truck drivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer cap acity .)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truck driver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A vaila b le On R equest
T h e e ig h t h a n n u a l r e p o r t o n s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
a tto rn e y s, c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , en gin eerin g te ch n ic ia n s, d ra ftsm e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly sts, d ir e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, m a n a g e r s o f o ffic e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lletin 1585, N a tion a l S u rv e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1967~]
F ifty cen ts
a copy.

Area W age Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, July 1967 1_______________________________
Albany'-Schenectady—Troy, N .Y ., Apr. 1967 __________
Albuquerque, N. M ex., Apr. 1967_____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— .J.,
N
Feb. 1967______________________________________________
Atlanta, G a., May 1967 _________________________________
Baltimore, Md., Oct. 1967_____________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1967____
Birmingham, A la., Apr. 1967 1________________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1967___________________________
Boston, M a ss., Sept. 1967 1____________________________

1530-86,
1530-62,
1530-60,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1530-53,
1530-7 1,
1575-18,
1530-74,
1530-63,
1575-3,
1 575-1 3,

25
25
25
20
30
20
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 1967 _______________________________
Burlington, V t., Mar. 1967 1 ___________________________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1967_______________________________
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1967 ________________________
Charlotte, N .C., Apr. 1967 __________ __________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.-G a., Aug. 1967-----------------------------Chicago, 111., Apr. 1967 * ---------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Mar. 1967_______ _________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1967____________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1967_____________________________
Dallas, Tex., Nov. 1967________________________________

1575-41,
1530-52,
1530-58,
1530-61,
1530-64,
1575-7,
1530-73,
1530-56,
1575-14,
1 575-23,
1575-20,

30
25
20
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-12,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1530-44,
1575-45,
1575-22,
1575-5,
1530-66,
1530-85,
1575-36,

25
30
25
25
35
25
20
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-49,
1575-33,
1575-30,
1530-77,
1575-2,

30
20
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-65,
1530-49,
1530-75,
1575-1,
1575-32,
1575-28,
1530-78,

30
30
20
20
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 19681
_______________________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1967 1-------------------------------------------Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1967---------------------------------------Detroit, Mich., Jan. 19681 ____________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 1967___________________________
Green Bay, W is., July 1967____________________________
Greenville, S.C ., May 1967------------------------------------------Houston, Tex., June 1967______________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1967 1--------------------------------------Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1968 1___________ _______________
Jacksonville, F la ., Jan. 1968---------------------------------------Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Nov. 1967 1---------------------------Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1967------------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1967---------Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, C alif., Mar. 1967 1 ----------------------------Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1967 1 ---------------------------------Lubbock, T ex., June 1967_____________________________
Manchester, N.H., July 1967----------------------------------------Memphis, Tenn.— rk ., Jan. 19681-------------------------------A
Miami, F la ., Dec. 1967 1-----------------------------------------------Midland and Odessa, T ex ., June 1967--------------------------

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area

Bulletin number
and price

Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1967 1___________________________ 1530-76,
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1967 1____ __ ____ 1530-42,
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1967_____
1530-72,
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Feb. 1967_____________
1530-55,
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 19681__________________________ 1575-34,
New Orleans, L a ., Feb. 1967 1 _______
_____ _ 1530-51,
New York, N .Y., Apr. 1967 1________ ________________
1530-83,
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a., June 1967 1____________________________
1530-82,
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1967_______________________ 1575-4,

30
30
20
25
25
30
40

Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1967 1________________________
Pater son—
Clifton— assaic , N. J . , May 1967____________
P
Philadelphia, Pa.— .J . , Nov. 1967 * ____ __ _
N
___
Phoenix, A r iz . , Mar. 1967_____________________________
Pittsburgh , P a. , Jan. 1967 1_________ ____________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1967 1___________________________
Portland , Oreg.— ash. , May 1967________ .___________
W
Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.— a ss. ,
M
May 1967 1 _______ ______________ ________________ __ ___
_
— Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1967 1----

1575-21,
153Q-67,
1575-40,
1530-59,
1530-46,
1575-16,
1530-79,

25
25
30
20
30
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-70,
1575-6,
1575-27,
1530-68,

30
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

Richmond, V » T, Nov. 1 987 1

Rockford, 111., May 1967________________________________

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25 cents
20 cents

St. Louis , Mo.— , Jan. 1968 __________________________
111.
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1967 ____ ___ ___ __
San Antonio, T e x ,, .Tune 1967 1
___ ___ __
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif.,
Aug. 1967 1______ ______ ______ ___ __ ______ ____________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1967__ _
.
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., Jan. 1968_____________
San Jose, C alif. , Sept. 1967 1_____ ______________
Savannah, G a. , May 1967 _____________________________
Scranton, P a. , July 1967 1---------------------- --------------Seattle—Everett, Wash., Nov. 1967 1___________________

1575-39,
1575-35,
1530-84,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1575-10,
1575-19,
1575-37,
1575-15,
1530-69,
1575-9,
1575-29,

30
20
25
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Oct. 1967 1________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1967____________________________
Spokane, W ash., June 1967 1 ___________________ _________
T ampa—
St. Petersburg , F la . , Aug. 1967______________
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Feb. 1968 __ _ _______________
T renton, N .J. , Nov. 1967___ _ _ __ __ ______ ___
Washington, D.C .—
Md.— a . , Sept. 1 967________________
V
Waterbury , Conn., Mar. 1967_________ _______________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1967______________________________
Wichita, Kans., Dec. 1967_____
_
_
Wore ester, M ass., June 1967__________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1968 * -------- ------— .......................................
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1967*________________

1575-17,
1530-57,
1530-80,
1575-8,
1575-43,
1575-24,
1575-11,
1530-54,
1575-26,
1575-31,
1530-81,
1575-42,
1575-25,

25
20
25
25
30
20
25
20
20
20
25
30
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASH IN G T O N , D.C .
O FFICIAL




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

20212

BUSINESS

Ifirst class mail"!
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