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AREAWAGESURVEY
Dayton, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
December 1975
B u lle tin 1 8 5 0 -7 3




MIAMI

iOUTHW EST MISSOURI STATE
, u n iv e r s it y l ib r a r y

u. s.

d e p o s it o r y c o p y

r—

U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
_
B u re a u of Labor S t a t is t ic s




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a December 1975 survey of occupational earnings
in the Dayton, Ohio, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (Greene, Miami, Montgomery,
and Preble Counties). The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics'
annual area wage survey program. The program is designed to yield data for individual
metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan
Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops' information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in
determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor
to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 83 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on inside back
cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary
bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area surveyed.
The second summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected from
individual metropolitan area data.
The Dayton survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Chicago, 111.,
under the general direction of Lois L. O rr, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations.
The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms
whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin.
The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.

Note:
A current report on occupational earnings in the Dayton area is available for the
laundry industry. Also available are listings of union wage rates for building trades, printing
trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store
employees. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau's regional offices. '(See back
cover for addresses.)

A R EA W A G E SURVEY

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary

B u lle tin 1 8 5 0 -7 3

BU R E A U OF LABO R STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

March 1976

D ayton, Ohio, M etro p o lita n A rea, Decem ber 1975
CONTENTS

Page

Introduction

2

T ables:
A.

1
1
1

Appendix A. Scope and method of survey_______________________________________________________________________________________ ...
Appendix B. Occupational descriptions____________________________________________________________________________________________

12
14




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BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price 45 cents. Make checks payable to Superintendent o f Documents.

1

ro in so r- o o
o

Earnings:
A - l . Weekly earnings of office workers_______________________________________________ _
A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers___________________________
A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers_________________________
A-5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement w orkers____________________
A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement workers, by sex_______
A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts..

Introduction
and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A -la
through A-6a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.

This area is 1 of 83 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were ob­
tained by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and
telephone interview. Representative establishments within six broad
industry divisions were contacted: Manufacturing; transportation, com­
munication, and other other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and
the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Following the occupational wage tables is table A - 7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical work­
ers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled
maintenance workers, and unskilled plaint workers. This measure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by employ­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented for all
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.

A-series tables

Appendixes

Tables A - 1 through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial

This bulletin has two appendixes. Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and
provides information on the scope of the survey. Appendix B provides
job descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-time earnings information is presented.




2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Dayton, Ohio, December 1975
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
s

%

S

S

S

S

S

$

of
worken

S

S

S

S

J

t

$

S

s

S

$

$

i

(standard]

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

HO

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

34o

80

O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

weekly

_9fl_

100

llo

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19Q

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

over

8
1

16
16

-

-

75
Mean *

Median *

Middle range *

and
under

ALL WO RK ER S
BILLERS. M A CH IN E (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

92
81

40.0
40.0

$
1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0

$
126.50
121.50

$
$
H O . 00-14 4 .5 0
l l o . 00-13 5 .0 0

-

-

“

“

1
1

7
7

29
29

12
10

BO OK KE E P I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS*
CLASS A -------------------------

30

39.5

1 6 6 .5 0

1 7 5 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 75 .50

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

9

-

19

BO O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS.
CLASS B ---------------------- —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- ------

31
25

39.5
39.5

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0

118.00
118.00

1 16 .5 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
H o . 0 0-12 7 ,5 0

-

-

-

-

16
16

3
3

2
2

4
4

6
-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, AC CO UN TI NG , CLASS A — --- —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

339
175
164
63

40.0
4 0.5
40.0
40.0

1 9 7 .5 0
2 10.00
1 8 4 .0 0
2 17.00

1 9 0 .5 0
2 05.50
1 6 9 .5 0
2 42.50

15 q . 0 0 - 2 4 5 . 5 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -2 63 .00
1 4q .O C -2 10 .00
1 90 .0 0 -2 6 0 .0 0

•
-

.
-

-

14
7
7
4

32
11
21
-

25
12
13
2

31
9
22
-

24
6
18
7

14
6
8
2

21
14
7
-

22
13
9
7

42
23
19
8

20
19
1
-

23
5
18
14

32
12
20
19

8
8

-

-

•
-

.
-

-

4
3
1
-

27
27
.

-

.
•
-

CLERKS, AC COUNTING, CLASS 8 -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

584
243
341

4 0.5
41.0
40.0

1 2 6 .5 0
133.00
1 2 2 .0 0

118.00
1 2 5 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 34 .50
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 44 .50
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 26 .00

-

24
14
10

125
24
101

159
44
115

107
69
38

29
11
18

42
27
15

24
19
5

20
5
15

16
3
13

19
18
1

4
4
-

7
2
5

6
1
5

-

-

•

•

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, FILE. CLASS B --------------NO NMANUF A C T U R I - N G -----------------

47
29

40.0
39.5

146.50
154.00

1 4 6 .0 0
175.50

1 12 .5 0 -1 8 1 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0 -1 92 .50

-

2
2

1
1

8
6

7
1

1
-

3
“

2
*

1
*

3
3

6
6

5
2

8
8

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

120
36
84

40.0
40.0
40.0

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
99.00

98.00
99,00
94.50

9 p .5 0-11 1 .5 0
90.00-117.00
91.00-101.50

“

21
3
18

54
15
39

14
3
11

15
9
6

12
3
9

4
3
1

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----- --- -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

143
94
49

43.0
4 4.5
40.0

1 4 8 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 64 .50
I 3 n . 5 0 - 1 6 4 . 50
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 50 .00

•
-

•
*

4
4

6
5
1

18
10
8

16
6
10

22
13
9

20
20
*

7
7

17
17
*

17
7
10

5
5
“

1
1
*

2
2
“

5
5
*

1
1
"

-

_
-

2
2
*

-

-

*

•

CLERKS, PA YR OL L ---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

151
116
35

40.5
4 0.5
40.0

1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 59.00
1 35.00

1 14 .0 0 -1 8* .00
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 85 .00
1 25 .0 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

-

.
-

4
4
“

13
12
1

24
17
7

3
2
1

24
13
11

5
5

10
5
5

9
8
1

15
14
1

14
13
1

13
12
1

10
8
2

4

1
1
-

•
-

-

4

2
2
-

K E YP UN CH OP ERATORS, CLASS A -------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------- -------

225
121
104

40.0
39.5
40.0

1 5 9 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0

1 4 2 .0 0
165.00
1 3 0 .5 0

l 3 o . 0 0-16 9 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0 -2 06 .00
1 19 .5 0 -1 39 ,50

•
*

-

_

25
25

29
6
23

45
18
27

31
20
11

18
13
5

18
17
1

6
5
1

2
2
-

9
9
-

14
6
8

1
1
-

3
3
-

17
17
-

•
-

-

-

*

3
3

-

-

-

K E YP UN CH OP ER AT OR S, CLASS 8 -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

314
211
103

4 1.5
4 2.5
39.0

1 4 7 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0

1 3 4 .5 0
1 4 3 .5 0
128.00

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 73 ,00
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 75 .00
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 49 .00

.
-

3
3

5
5
”

32
23
9

31
12
19

57
36
21

47
26
21

17
13
4

34
32
2

4
3
1

15
13
2

10
10
-

25
4
21

10
10

11
11

12
12

1
1

•

.
-

•

-

82
45
37

39.0
38.5
39.5

1 0 8 .5 0
111.00
105.00

1 03.50
107.50
88.00

85.00-124.50
92.00-125.00
84.00-120.00

4
4
-

26
5
21

7
6
1

12
8
4

8
7
1

7
6
1

10
6
4

1
1
*

-

7
2
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

--------------- -------—
M A N U F A C T U R I N G — ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

1,377
913
464

40.0
40.5
39.5

190.00
199.00
172.00

1 8 4 .0 0
195.00
160.00

1 4 9 .0 0 -2 20 .50
1 56 .0 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
1 4 n .0 0-20 3 .5 0

•
*

3
3
”

14
9
5

16
9
7

57
20
37

126
69
57

146
64
82

124
82
42

97
56
41

74
51
23

76
58
20

92
68
24

188
136
52

139
103
36

70
58
12

83
58
25

29
28
1

21
21
-

6
6
-

14
14
-

SECR ET AR IE S, CLASS A -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

106
90

39.0
39.0

2 27 .5 0
2 24 .0 0

2 11 .5 0
2 10 .5 0

1 8 5 .5 0 -2 62 .00
1 8 4 .0 0 -2 61 .00

-

•

•

•

.

6
6

*

2
1

8
8

5
5

7
6

8
8

21
19

11
10

5
2

17
10

2
1

5
S

2
2

7
7

-------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------- ----n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----- ----

messengers

secretaries

*

*
•

-

*

*

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




3

19 *
17

.

-

2
2
-

4
4
-

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Dayton, Ohio, December 1975— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division

of

Average
weekly
H
our 1
(standard

Mean 2

Median 2

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of-----

s

Middle range2

75

S

s
80

90

S

S

100

S

S

I

110

120

130

140

s
ISO

160

1

S

s

170

180

S

190

s

$

200

220

S

240

260

$

*

280

300

S

320

and
under

$
34o
and

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

•
-

9

“

-

6

34
16
18

52
17
35

41
25
16

36
22
14

19
10
9

24
16
8

25
14
11

34
27
7

38
37
1

10
7

31
16
15
4

57
41
16
13

66
30
36
4

58

-

12
8
4
1

45
18
27
4

37
23
14
-

29
18
11
1

38
32
6
-

93
86
7
2

-

4
2
2

4
1
3

17
1
16

29
6
23

28
17
11

23
17
6

8
8

13
13
-

18
18
*

21
14
7

—

5

41
8
33

29
7
22

57
16
41

34
32
2

15
11
4

17
13
4

36
12
24

39
30
9

37
11
26

6
6
-

23
21
2

23
13
10

37
21
16

33
17
16

27
27
-

13
10
3

9
7
2

50
44
6

_

-

-

17
11
6

100

no

.
-

-

*

-

-

3
3
-

•

.

-

-

-

-

•

80

90

•
-

_

-

12.0

220 _24fi_ 260

28Q

300

320

21
14
7

20
12
8

8
8
-

3
3
-

67
56
11
7

38
37
1
1

46
36
10
8

19
19

13
13

-

-

-

40
4
36

23

6
5
1

•

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
1
3

•

•

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13
-

15
15
-

14
14

•

•

_

-

-

-

3
1
2

3
3

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

1
1

•

•

•

11
11

4
4

340 over

ALL W O RK ER S—
CONT IN UE D
SE CRETARIES - CONTINUED
SE CR ETARIES. CLASS B ------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

375
235
140

$
$
39.5 190.50 175.00
39.5 203.00 194.00
40.0 169.50 156.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

662
482
180
46

41.0
41.5
39.5
39.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

234
106
128

39.5 172.50 175.50 140.00-206,50
40.0 170.50 173.00 149.50-188.50
39.5 174.50 195.00 132.00-214.00

ST EN OGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

315
142
173

39.5 153.50 145.00 130.00-180.50
40.0 159.50 159.50 14p.00-183.50
39.0 148.50 132.00 125.00-180.00

ST EN OGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- ---- ---

267
212
55

42.0 182.00 173.00 154.00-206.50
43.0 186.50 177.00 154.00-211.50
38.5 164.00 159.00 154.00-168.00

--------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

120
45
75

39.5 140.00 130.50
39.0 163.00 149.50
40.0 126.50 120.00

o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s -

$

$

149.00-226.00
159.00-239.50
14?.50-187.50

189.50 183.00 149.50-226,00
198.50 201.00 152.00-231,00
165.50 156.50 14?.00-180.00
179.50 155.50 135.00-231.50

-

3

3

39

19
1

•

-

-

-

-

-

“

5

•

.

-

.

•
-

-

*

*

4
4
-

113.00-154,00
127.50-201.50
103.00-135.50

-

3

12

-

-

24
4
20

7
5
2

5
4
1

-

12

16
9
7

-

3

17
5
12

3
3

*

10
10

*

-

-

-

40.5 123.50 118.00 106.00-130.00
41.0 134.00 128.50 10P.50-142.00

•

4

10

-

3

37
8

36
28

21
9

6
6

5
3

8
8

2

•

65
27

3

------------------ ------ — — -------

205
105

3

2

4
4

3
3

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G ------ — ----------- --------- ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

222
184
38

40.5 154.00 138.00 123.00-178.00
40.5 158.00 142.50 12?.00-180.50
39.0 136.00 124.00 123.00-140.00

-

-

*

*

13
11
2

33
30
3

53
34
19

15
12
3

17
13
4

15
15
*

7
5
2

15
15
-

14
11
3

8
6
2

-

*

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

289
193
96

9p.00-124.00
40.0 113.50 109.50
40.5 113.50 106.50
92.00-130.00
39.0 113.00 110.00 104.00-118.00

67
27
40

44
15
29

39
25
14

29
28
1

11
9
2

6
4
2

3
2
1

2
2

3
2
1

1
1

1
1

-

23

switchboard

switchboard

operators

M A NU FA CT UR IN G

-

26
20
6

56
56

See footnotes at end of tables.




4

-

17
17

7
7
-

•

•

-

4
4
-

-

-

•
-

•

-

-

-

-

1
1
*

*

Table A -2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Dayton, Ohio, December 1975
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
worken

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f—
S

S

$

S

E

S

S

s

S

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

-

-

•

-

2
2

2
-

-

-

-

2

11
6
5

3
2

-

1

15
12
3

12
7

20
8

16
16

15
13

5

12

-

2
9
8

15

n o
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

U nder
S
110

5
-------- T

s

S

120

120

O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

weekly
hours1
(standard)

220

2 *0

26o

_ 1 4 fl_ 260

280

28o

—

300

32o

340

360

380

420

320

340

360

380

420

460

and
under
_3M

ALL WORKERS
$

COMP UT ER OPERAT OR S. CLASS A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- --— ------------- -N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

83
58

$
2 1 2 .5 0
2 2 1 .0 0
2 0 5 .5 0

$
$
1 8 7 .5 0 - 2 6 2 .5 0
l 9 0 . 5 0 - 2 6 3 . 00

-

1 7 6 .0 0 - 2 6 0 .5 0

-

n

128
75

COMP UT ER OP ER AT OR S, CLASS C --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------- -------------------- —

—

4 3 .5
4 6 .0

1 7 5 .0 0
1 9 3 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0

•

-

•

28

-

-

6
-

7

-

4

3 9 .5

1 9 8 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0

1 5 6 .0 0 - 2 0 3 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0 - 2 1 4 .5 0

53

COMP UT ER OP ER AT OR S, CLASS a --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

25

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 3 .0 0 - 1 7 6 .0 0

-

-

-

6

3

11
17

84
49

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 2 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0

1 3 8 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0

1 3 ^ .5 0 - 1 9 3 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0 - 2 1 5 .0 0

.

6
6

12
4

3
-

5
1

6
6

5
5

.
-

4
4

8

25
6
19

-

-

-

•

-

1

-

-

2 2 9 .5 0
2 3 5 .0 0
2 1 7 .0 0
1 8 6 .5 0

•

-

35

C O MP UT ER PR OG RA MM ER S.
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------------------

96

3 9 .5

3 0 2 .5 0

3 1 9 .5 0

2 2 9 .0 0 - 3 6 0 .0 0

-

-

7
4
5
1
4

9
7

7
7

2
2

4
4

•
_

2
2

-

.

-

11
3
8

4
4

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

6
4

3
2

4
4

1

2
2

-

•

_

•

-

2

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

3
3

4
4

1
1

1
1

-

•

17

2

-

2

11

12

ju u .g u

COMP UT ER PR OG RAMMERS.
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------------------ —
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------COMP UT ER PR OG RAMMERS.
BUSINESS, CLASS C ------------------------------ -----

•

128
81
47

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2 3 8 .0 0
2 5 4 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0

2 3 4 .0 0
2 6 3 .5 0
2 0 0 .0 0

1 9 6 .0 0 - 2 7 5 .0 0
2 2 7 .5 0 - 2 8 9 .5 0
1 9 4 .0 0 - 2 3 3 .5 0

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

•

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36

3 9 .5

1 9 4 .5 0

2 0 0 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 - 2 3 1 .0 0

-

-

2

1

5

-

3

-

-

17
5

6
-

27
16

12
5

15
15

10
10

5

12
6
6

12

6

11

7

*

3

1

2

6

8

3

2

-

-

•

12

12
12

12

-

2
2

-

-

-

4

*

*

-

-

*

0

-

12
7

-

-

1

.

10
10

-

4

*

-

-

37
J-l

60

16

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

_

-

.

C O MP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS.
Uw j 1 M L j u f

L L M jj

M
62

M A N U r A v 1U K 1 N U

J

& .0 0

r*

C

1

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
24

2 8 8 .0 0
27j .

DRAFTERS, CLASS A

___

0

-

•

-

.

_

•

-

.

1

_

•

*

”

*

-

1 5 8 .0 0 - 2 0 6 .5 0

.

7

-

14

7

1 7 0 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 - 2 0 0 .0 0

-

7

“

6

1 5 7 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0

1 4 7 .0 0 - 1 7 0 .0 0

2

5

-

2 5 9 .5 0
2 3 7 .5 0

2 5 7 .0 0
2 4 5 .0 0
2 8 2 .0 0

2 3 6 .0 0 - 2 8 9 .5 0
2 1 9 .0 0 - 2 5 4 .5 0
2 3 6 .0 0 - 2 8 9 .5 0

2 8 2 .0 0

2 3 6 .0 0 - 2 8 9 .a 0

"
-

-

-

1

_

1

502

4 1 .0

3 0 4 .0 0

2 8 9 .0 0
2 9 2 .0 0

2 5 9 .0 0 - 3 5 4 .5 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS B -------------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------

215
180

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

2 3 0 .0 0
2 3 8 .5 0

2 2 1 .0 0
2 3 2 .0 0

1 9 6 .5 0 - 2 6 6 .0 0
1 9 s .5 0 -2 7 0 .5 0

DRAFTERS, CLASS C ---------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

241

4 0 .0

1 8 3 .0 0

1 7 1 .5 0

187

4 0 .0

1 8 4 .0 0

DR AF T E R S - T R A C E R S ----------------- —

39

4 0 .0

E L EC TR ON IC S T E CH NI CI AN S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------ —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- —
PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ----------- —

310
55

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

electronics

--------------------------------

TE CH NI CI AN S, CLASS A-

NURSES, IN DU ST RI AL (REGISTERED) ____
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

-

2

-

2

17

1
1

10
2

17
15

14
12

36
22

28

50

20
19

42

50

19
19

10

3

36
24

10

1

6

4

-

16

2

-

-

7

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

4 0 .0

253

4 0 .0

2 6 4 .5 0
2 6 4 .0 0

48

4 0 .0

2 7 2 .5 0

2 7 0 .5 0

2 4 9 .0 0 - 3 1 3 .0 0

-

-

-

63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 6 .0 0
2 5 6 .5 0

2 6 2 .0 0
2 5 9 .5 0

2 2 7 .5 0 - 2 9 0 .0 0

_

_

-

-

2
5

40

65

97

56

45

25

40
40

38
38

12
12

24
24

10
10

6
6

12
12

6
6

15

17
15

5
5

6
6

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

11
1

19

76

47
19

-

12

-

-

_
-

-

2 2 7 .0 0 - 2 9 3 .3 0

18

116

16

-

-

-

-

28

10
8

116

16

28

8

114

16

-

-

*

*

-

-

*

-

.

-

.

.

10

7

*

1

5

20

5

10

7

11
65
65

-

-

-

-

3

6

11

10

2

16

-

-

-

4
4

4

5
5

3

13

12

8

3

13

10

10
8

2
2

“

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b les.




-

11

255

58

6

6

4

8

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Dayton, Ohio, December 1975
A venge
(m e a n *)

Avenge
(mean2 )

Sex, occu pation , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
worken

W eekly
hours *
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Weekly
houis 1
(standard)

$
2 4 0 .0 0

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occu pation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

P R O F ES SI ON AL AND TECH NI CA L
O C C U PA TI ON S - M E N — CONT IN UE D
$
65
27

1 9 9 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0

1 6 9 .5 0

*8

Avenge
(m ean2 )

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WO M E N — CONT IN UE D

OF FI CE O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

32

Number
of
wo ike is

C O MP UT ER PROGRA MM ER S,

JLvNt. IA h 1Lb v LLAj j A

89

3 0 7 .0 0
311*00

30*0

—"IL 1AH 1L J ? vLMjj U
OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

2 0 3 .0 0
JC
v

|A 1 L JvL ”
N
T

. •

JJ v

_

.

.

92
81

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0

1 9 8 .5 0

30

3 9 .5

1 6 6 .5 0

1 7 2 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0

B O O K KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- -------------

B O O K KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS.
25

4 0 .5

1 7 0 .0 0
1 9 4 .0 0

237
331

0 5 1 2 5 .0 0
4 1 .5 1 3 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 2 0 .0 0

—

manufacturing

CO MP U T E R S Y ST EM S ANALYSTS,
uUb 1iitbb f vL Ai b A

85
57

pO MP U T E R SY ST EM S ANALYSTS*
3 9 .0

1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0

120
manufacturing

—

————

4 2 .0

55

3 8 .5

1 8 2 .0 0
1 8 6 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0

45
73

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 3 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

orafters* class

b

dr af ter s* class

c

--

- • —

2 3 8 *j 0

o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s -

205

4 0 .5

119
36
83

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

100

4 0 .0

111
79

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

1 4 2 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0

222
184
38

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

133
98
35

4 0 .5
4 1 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 9 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0

1 5 4 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

—

— —— —

—

104

135*50

4 1 .5
4 2 .5
3 9 .0

1 4 7 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0

34
NO TE:
E a rn in g s data in ta b le A -3
a ll w o r k e r s in an occu pation .

4 0 .0

314
211
103

3 9 .5

1 1 2 .5 0

/A A
AU • 0

electronics

technicians

nonmanufacturing

48

4 0 .0

2 7 2 .5 0

63
58

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 6 .0 0
2 5 6 .5 0

1 1 3 .0 0
professional

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A — ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------------- ---------------

64
49

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

2 3 3 .0 0
2 3 9 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CL AS S B -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---- --------- ---

112
65
47

4 4 .0
4 7 .0
3 9 .5

and

technical

1 8 6 .0 0
1 9 6 .5 0
1 7 1 .5 0

r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w hose sex id e n tific a tio n w as p r o v id e d by the esta b lis h m e n t.

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




181*00

——

1 1 3 .5 0

193

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TE CH NI CA L
O C C U PA TI ON S - MEN

K E YP UN CH OP ERATORS. CLASS B -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

2 9 0 .5 0
rT?

439

E L EC TR ON IC S TE CH NI CI AN S, CLASS Aclerks* payroll

3 9 .5

——— ———
/ Qf

267

switchboard
n M N U r A v 1U K i r i u

3 9 .5

1 8 3 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 9 .5

315
142

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0

253
122
131
35

HMMUr A v 1U K ln J o

3 9 .5

127

COMP UT ER PROGRA MM ER S,
bUb irit.bb ? vLAib v
"

6

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --M A NU FA CT UR IN G --- — — ----------

E a rn in g s data in ta b le s A - 1 and A - 2 ,

on the o th e r hand, r e la te to

Table A -4. Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers in Dayton, Ohio, December 1975
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings3

s

Number

4 .20

of

O ccupation and in du stry d iv is io n

Median 2

Middle range

2

Unde:

S
4 .2 0

s

s

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .50

$
4 .6 0

S
4 .8 0

4 .60

4 .8 0

5 .00

1
$
1
5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0

I
S
5 .6 0 5 .8 0

$
s
6 .00 6 .20

I
S
6 .4 0 6 .6 0

1
6 .80

S
5
7 .00 7 .20

i
5“
7 .40 7 .60

6 .60

7 .00

7 .2 0

i
7 .80

7.

and
under
4 .3 Q

S
8 .0 0
and

5 .2 0

5 .40

5 .60

5 .80

6 .00

6 .20 6 .4 0

6 .80

7 .4n

ALL WORKERS
$

BO IL ER TE ND ER S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

EN GI NE ER S, ST AT I O N A R Y -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G — ---------HELPERS, M A I N T E N A N C E TRADES
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------MA CH IN IS TS . M A IN TE NA NC E --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------ME CH AN IC S, A U T O MO TI VE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --- ----- n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------PU BLIC U T IL IT IE S ------

$
ie

10

121

____
• —

—

____
, ^

—r

6 .7 5

6 .5 7

6 .0 8 -

7 .6 8

3

-

-

-

i

1

-

-

-

13

9

2

5

6

22

-

666
592

6 .8 9
6 .9 2

7 .0 3
7 .6 6

5 .8 6 5 .7 9 -

7 .8 r
7 .8 8

-

2

-

_

-

.

9
9

24
24

12
12

33
31

81
74

45
41

11
11

3
1

30
29

8
6

135
134

6 .7 2
6 .7 3

7 .6 8
7 .6 8

5 .5 7 5 .5 7 -

7 .7 r )
7 .7 (1

.

-

7
7

25
25

-

4
4

4

4

-

5
5

-

-

12
12

-

4

4

-

79

5 .1 0

5 .1 6

4 .5 9 -

5 .1 6

•

-

37

.

-

•

15

130
117

6 .1 6
6 .0 8

6 .9 0
5 .9 5

5 .2 1 5 .2 1 -

7 .0 3
7 .0 3

3
3

6
6

5
5

5
5

11

•

24
24

2

“

*

*

-

-

200
123

6 .2 8
6 .3 1

6 .3 5

5 .3 7 5 .3 7 -

7 .2 l
7 . So

-

7 .1 6

-

-

2
2
-

14
14
-

12

9
9
-

7
-

5 .8 6 -

28
28
-

18
6

6 .2 2
6 .2 7

6
6
-

-

77

— ________

6

-

-

*

*

12

-

3

22
22

14
14

71
71

49

36

11

49

32

11

7
7

12

3

66

ME CHANICS. M A I N TE NA NC E ----MANUFACTURING -------------------

$

“

CA RP EN TE RS . M A IN TE NA NC E ---- —
EL EC TR IC IA NS , M A IN TE NA NC E —
MA NU F A C T U R I N G ------------

$

43

-----------—

PAINTERS. M A I N TE NA NC E -----M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------

559
518
81
74

5 .8 9
6 .5 1
6 .5 1

5 .8 6 -

7 .1 6

6 .7 0
6 .7 2

7 .4 0
7 .8 6

5 .2 3 5 .2 1 -

7 .9 7
7 .9 7

6 .7 8
6 .8 6

7 .0 3

5 .8 6 6 .4 5 -

7 .6 j
7 .6 1

7 .0 3

-

-

-

.

1

“

-

“

2
2

.

_

23

4

*

*

*

*

18
18

6
-

5
4

4
-

4

-

6

1

-

4

2

4

*

*

4

.

4

*

36
32

•

.

.

*
-

*

*

•

-

_
.

2

.

11

7

“

2




7

17
15

-

-

-

-

52

-

-

126
126

178
178

-

67
67

-

-

4
4
4
4

52

3

52

3

-

-

10
10

30
30
-

-

-

-

275
275

-

22
22

*

*

1

8
•

24
9

•

8

-

-

8

15

-

6
-

27

3
3

5
5

1

15

_

-

m

14
14

**
'

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

4
31
31

25
3
22
18

-

1

3
52

7
7

13
13

Table A -5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Dayton, Ohio, December 1975
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra igh t - tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings3

%

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

S

2 .0 0

Number

2 .2 0

S
S
2 . A0 2 .6 0

S
2 .8 0

s

3 .0 0

S
3 .2 0

S
S
3 . A0 3 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 . A0 3 .6 0

12
7
5

A
A

A
A

S

s

S

3 .8 0

A . 00 A .2 0

A .A o A .6 0

S
A .S o

S
5 .0 0

5 .2 0

A . 00 A . 20 A .A 0

A .6 0 A ,8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 . A0 5 .6 0

57
57

$

$

$

$
S
5 . A0 5 .6 0

s—

t

$

i

6 .0 0

6 . A0 6 .8 0

7 .2 0

and
under
2 .2 0

2 . A0 2 .6 0

3 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 . A0 6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 ,6 0

-

.

•

.

ALL WORKERS
1 .3 1 3
510
803

$
3 .5 9
5 .6 5
2 .2 8

$
2 .2 0
6 .A 1
2 .1 0

$
$
2 . 1 0 - 5 . 0 fi
A . 8 5 - 6.A 1
2 . 1 0 - 2 .1 8

GU AR DS t
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

A67

5 .7 A

6 .A 1

A .8 2 - 6 .A)

JANITORS. PORTERS. ANO CL EANERS M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ —
p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ------------

1 .9 0 7
1 .1 3 1
776
100

3 .9 7
A . 85
2 .6 8
A . 2A

3 .8 5
A.6 0
2 .2 5
A . 61

2 . 3 0 - 5 .1 6
3 . 8 5 - 6 .1 A
2 . 1 0 - 2 .8 6
3 . 2 1 - 5 .0 2

LABORERS. M A TE RI AL HA NDLING ----M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

717
531
186

5 .0 A
5 .2 A
A .A 8

A . 83
A . 83
A . A0

A . 0 5 - 6 .3 0
A . 18- 6 .A l
2 . 7 5 - 6 .0 5

ORDER F I LL ER S ---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

A32
95
337

A . 61
A . 91
A . 53

A . 53
A . 55
3 .8 5

3 .8 5 - 5 .6 .
A . 2 1 - 6 . A?
3 . 8 5 - 5 .6 o

GU AR DS AND W A TC HM EN --------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G ----- -— --------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------

packers, shipping*
nonmanufacturing

63A
63A

-

273
-

273
-

89
89

-

206
-

206
1

25
-

25

7
7

3
1
2

15
11
A

17
15
2

6
3
3

A
A
*

7
3
A

67
67

A5
44

•

i

“

39
22
17

2

•

•

_

.

2

276
276

*

*

*

-

276

-

-

•
-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

11

15

3

A

3

67

18

A7

22

-

59
13
A6
1

A7
2
A5
2

3A
10
2A
7

A9
7
A2
1A

53
39
1A
1

13A
109
25
5

61
55
6
1

91
90
1
-

136
119
17
10

26
23
3
-

88
86
2
1

6A
46
18
15

80

37

11

77
3
3

37
37

11
2

12
9
3
-

-

-

-

-

A3

9

7

9
7
2

15
7
8

19
9
10

18
10
8

A
A
*

109
105
A

2
2

27
2A
3

70
65
5

SA
5*,

22
6
16

16
12
A

AA
32
12

A
A

67
5A
13

75
75
-

7
7

4
3
1

7
7

8
6
2

150
3
1A7

-

27
27
*

-

-

92
92

32
32

*

39
39

-

“

27
12
15

-

*

18
18

•

A
1
3

-

-

-

-

1
1

.

1

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

A3

9

7

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

21
12
9

-

*

-

---------------

82

3 .3 6

3 .2 8

3 .1 3 -

3 .2 8

-

-

2

2

7

11

AS

1

1

-

2

10

-

9A
52
A2

A .3 A
A . 72
3 .8 7

A . 18
A . 89
3 .9 6

3 . 7 6 - A .9 p
A . 18- 5 .3 a
3 .2 0 - 3 .9 *

-

.
-

3
3

.
-

.
-

*

3
3

8
8

2
2

8
7
1

17
1
16

7
7
“

1
1

5
3
2

3
3
*

15
1A
1

2
2
“

15
1A
1

S H IP PI NG c l e r k s -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- ----- -

38
33

A . 58
A . 57

A .6 0
A .6 0

A . 2 7 - A . 66
A . 6 0 - A . 66

.

_

.

.

-

.

2

-

-

7
7

2
1

.

20
20

3
3

2
1

1
1

.
“

-

S H IP PI NG AND R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS --M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

177
138
39

5 .0 2
5 .0 1
5 .0 6

5 .0 5
5 .0 5
A . 29

A . 3 5 - 5 .3 3
A .A 6 - 5 .3 3
3 . 9 2 - 7 .1 6

-

•
-

A
•
A

TR U C K D R I V E R S ----------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ------------

1.8A 1
A98
1 .3 A 3
777

5 .7 5
5 .2 7
5 .9 3
6 .6 A

5 .6 7
5 .3 A
5 .8 0
7 .2 1

A .79A .595 .0 0 5 .5 2 -

.
•
“

253
1A
239
237

208
88
120
5

TRUC KD RI VE RS . LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

10A

3 .7 8
3 .A 7

A . 13
3 .2 0

3 . 0 0 - A .5 o
2 . 3 5 - A .5 o

-

-

103
67
36

-

-

-

-

*

1

r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------- --n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------- -------

AA6
AA6

77

7 .2 l
5 .6 7
7.2 1
7 .2 l

TRUC KD RI VE RS . M E DI UM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) -----------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

3A1
1AA
197

A . 93
5 .0 6
A . 83

5 .A 1
5 .6 7
5 .2 5

A . 2 9 - 5 .5 2
A . 50“ 5 .6 7
A . 2 9 - 5 .5 ?

TRUCKD RI VE RS . HEAVY (OVER A TONS.
TR AI LE R TYPE) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

58A
52
532

6 .5 3
5 .3 1
6 .6 5

7 .2 1
5 .5 5
7 .2 1

-

m
*

_
-

•

*

*

23
23

•
*

.

•

”

23
23

-

-

-

*
_
-

-

-

*

-

”

1A
1A

6
“

”

6

•

6
3
3

3
3

3
3

“

_
*

3
3

A
A

30
23
7

10
10
-

15
15

8
6
2

22
22
*

AA
AA
-

A2
12
30
*

9
1
8
A

7
6
1

9
6
3
“

61
15
A6

101
83
18
*

196
19
177
~

A7
A5
2
~

58
A0
18
A

80

6

A
A

1
1

2
2

9
9

17
17

1
1

19
1

3
*

6
6
~

-

36

6

1
1

A
A

30

6
6
*

2
2

_
-

A5
15
30
-

16
16
*"

21
5
16

16
16

32
-

32

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




20

“

5 . 8 0 - 7 .2 )
A .5 3 - 5 .9 a
6 . 2 1 - 7.2 1

”

7
7

20
“

_

-

-

8

6
5
1

-

72
8

2
2
2

A

9A
.

A

9A

5
A
1

2
-

1A
1A

2

_

-

-

12
12
*

12
12

-

97
27
70
*

85
6A
21
1

15
3
12
*

52A
-

*

*

*

-

7

_

52A
52A

.

*

•

-

-

-

-

.

21
8
13

-

71
69
2

99
13
86

.
-

68

6
1

20

•

-

68

20

-

.

*

-

15
3
12

311
-

311

Table A -5. Hourly earnings of custodial and material movement workers in Dayton, Ohio, December 1975— Continued
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g stra ig h t - tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f —

Hourly e ir nings3
Number

Occupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

of
workers

M“ „ 2

Median2

Middle range 2

S
S
2 .0 0 2 .2 0
and
under

S
2 .4 0

S

S
2 .8 0

$
3 .0 0

$

S
3 .6 0

3 .8 0

S
4 .0 0

4 .2 0

s
s
4 .4 0 4 .6 0

5

3 .2 0

S
3 .4 0

$

2 .6 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 ,2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0 4 .8 0

5 .0 0

2 .2 0

S

$
4 . So 5 .0 0

s

i
5 .4 0

i
5 «6 0

$

5 .2 0

6 .0 0

t
6 .4 0

6 .8 0

i
7 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 ,2 0

7 ,6 0

S

5 .2 p

ALL W O RK ER S—
CONT IN UE D
TR UC KD RI VE RS - CONTINUED
TRUCKD RI VE RS , HEAVY

(OVER 4 TONS,

M A NU FA CT UR IN G

421
142

$
5 .0 5
5 .0 0

$
4 .S 6

$
$
4 . 6 8 - 5 .4 6
4 . 4 1 - 5 .3 7

6

12
12

6 .3 ft

m a n u f a c t u r in g

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

143

5 .4 0

5 .5 2

4 . 2 9 - 6 .2 6

See footnotes at end of tables.




9

4

239
238

4

27
27

42

4 .1 8 -

6

44

1
1

99
99

*

9

114
23

no

18
4

40
40

13
13

2

221
35
35

1
1

*




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant,
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex.
in Dayton, Ohio, December 1975
Sex, occu pation , and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
wo lice rs

(mean^ )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUST OD IA L AND MATE RI AL MOVEMENT
O C CU PA TI ON S - M E N — CONT IN UE D

M A IN TE NA NC E AND POWERPLANT
O C C U PA TI ON S - MEN

$

52
J •3

,
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------------------

592

6.89
6.92

M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------- -— --------- —

135
134

6.72
6.73

79
42

5.10
5.05

130
117

6.16
6.08

200
123
77
66

6.28
6.31
6.22
6.27

518

6?72

81

6.78

5.02
HELPERS* M A I N TE NA NC E TRADES —

—

machinists* maintenance

ME CH AN IC S. AUTOMO TI VE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

1*841

TR UCKDRIVERS. LI GH T

TR UC KDRIVERS. ME DI UM

TR UCKDRIVERS* HEAVY

(UNDER

(1-1/2 TO

(OVER 4 TONS*

..._ _
__

^r-i

6.65

O C C U PA TI ON S - MEN
TR UC KD RI VE RS * HEAVY

(OVER 4 TONS*

1.292
5.00
f-

->•40
HANUr At 1UK 1INO

**

MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

527

5.23
4.48

O C CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

OR DE R F I LL ER S --------------------------------------

321
83
238

4.92
5.22
4.82

JANITORS, PO RTERS. AND CLEA NE RS -----

419

2.99

N O T E : E a rn in g s data in tab le A - 6 r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose s e x id e n tific a tio n w as p ro v id e d by the
esta b lis h m e n t.
E a rn in g s data in ta b les A - 4 and A - 5, on the o th e r hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an occu pation .
(S e e appendix A fo r p u b lication c r it e r ia .)
See fo o tn o tes

at end o f ta b le s .

10

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Dayton, Ohio, for selected periods
In d u stry and occu pation al
grou p

D e c e m b e r 1972
to
D e c e m b e r 1973

D e c e m b e r 1973
to
D e c e m b e r 1974

D e c e m b e r 1974
to
D e c e m b e r 1975

A l l in d u stries:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and w om en )
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en and w om en )
In d u s tria l n u rses (m e n and w o m e n )_
_
S k illed m ain ten an ce tra d e s (m e n )_______
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s (m e n )_______________________

6.0
*
5.4
6.5
7.4

7.7
6.6
9.4
8.8
9.9

* * * 7 .2
* * * 7.4
10.6
* * * 6 .8
* * * 7 .6

M anufacturing:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and w o m e n )___
E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g (m en and w om en )
_
In d u s tria l n u rses (m e n and w o m e n )_
S k illed m ain ten an ce tra d e s (m e n )___________________
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s (m en )

6.4
*
5.2
6.4
7.9

7.6
6.7
9.1
9.0
10.0

7.4
8.3
10.6
6.6
8.7

N onm anufacturing:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and w o m e n )___________
E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g (m en and w om en)
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w om en) _
_
S k illed m aintenance tra d es (m en ) ___
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s (m e n )___ _____ __ _

5.3
*
**
**
5.8

7.6
**
**
**
9.7

6.6
aje*
♦♦
**
3.0

*
**
***

D ata not a v a ila b le .
D ata do not m e e t p u blication c r it e r ia .
R e v is e d fr o m data p resen ted in re g io n a l r e le a s e .

N O T E : The p erc e n t in c r e a s e s p re s e n te d in th is ta b le a re b a sed on changes in a v e ra g e
h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r e sta b lish m en ts re p o rtin g the tre n d jo b s in both the c u rre n t and p re v io u s
y e a r (m atch ed es ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e y a re not a ffe c te d by changes in a v e ra g e earn in gs
re s u ltin g fr o m em p loym en t sh ifts am ong esta b lish m en ts o r tu r n o v e r o f esta b lish m en ts
in clu ded in s u rv e y s a m p les.
The p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a re s t ill a ffe c te d by fa c to rs
oth er than w a ge in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu rn o v e r m ay a ffe c t an esta b lish m en t
a v e ra g e fo r an occupation when w o r k e r s a re paid under plans p ro v id in g a ra n ge o f w age ra tes
fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e rio d s o f in c r e a s e d h ir in g , fo r ex a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s en te r at the
b ottom o f the ran ge, d e p re s s in g the a v e ra g e without a change in w age ra te s .
T h ese w age tren d s a r e not lin k ed to the w a ge in d exes p r e v io u s ly pu blish ed fo r this
a r e a b eca u se the w age in d exes m ea su red changes in a re a a v e r a g e s , w h erea s th ese w age
tren ds m e a s u re changes in m atched e sta b lish m en t a v e r a g e s .
O th er c h a r a c te r is tic s of these
w age tren d s w h ich d iffe r fr o m the discon tin u ed in d ex es inclu de (1 ) ea rn in gs data of o ffic e
c le r ic a l w o r k e r s an d -in d u strial n u rses a r e c o n v e rte d to an h o u rly b a s is , (2 ) tre n d e s tim a te s
a r e p ro v id e d f o r nonm anufacturing e s ta b lish m en ts, w h ere p o s s ib le , and (3) tren d e s tim a te s
a r e p r o v id e d fo r e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g jo b s.
F o r a m o r e d eta iled d e s c rip tio n o f the m eth od used to com pute th e s e w a ge tre n d s , see
"Im p r o v in g A r e a W age S u rvey In d e x e s ," M onthly L a b o r R e v ie w , Janu ary 1973, pp. 52-57.

Footnotes
1
to th e s e
2
and h a lf
3

Standard hou rs r e fle c t
w e e k ly hours.
T h e m ean is com puted
r e c e iv e le s s than the
E x clu d es p re m iu m pay




the w o rk w eek f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e at re g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ), and the ea rn in gs c o rre s p o n d
f o r each jo b by to ta lin g the ea rn in gs of a ll w o r k e r s and divid in g by the nu m ber o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m ed ian d esign a tes p o sition — h a lf of the e m p lo y e e s s u rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
ra te shown.
T h e m id d le ran ge is d efin ed by 2 ra te s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s ea rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th ese ra te s and a fou rth earn m o re than the h ig h er rate.
f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and' la te sh ifts.

11

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and re la te d b e n e fits data a re obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v is its o f B u reau f ie ld r e p r e s e n t­
a tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 In each o f the in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p lo ym en t and
occu p a tion a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c te d by a com b in ation o f p e rs o n a l v is it ; m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and telep h on e
in te r v ie w fr o m esta b lis h m e n ts p a rtic ip a tin g in the p r e v io u s s u rv e y .
In each o f the 8 3 2 a re a s c u r r e n tly s u rv e y e d , data a re obtain ed fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g; tra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ica tion , and oth er
p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l es ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u stry grou p s exclu d ed fr o m th e s e stu dies a re g o v e rn m e n t op era tio n s and the co n stru ctio n and
e x tr a c tiv e in d u s trie s . E sta b lish m en ts h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d nu m ber o f w o r k e r s a re o m itted
b eca u se o f in s u ffic ie n t em p lo ym en t in the occu pation s studied.
S ep a ra te tabu lation s a re p r o v id e d fo r
each o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u rv e y s a re conducted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e sa m p lin g p ro c e d u re s in v o lv e d e ta ile d
s tr a tific a tio n o f a ll e sta b lish m en ts w ith in the scop e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a su rvey by in d u stry and n u m ber
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s tr a tifie d u n iv e rs e a p ro b a b ility sam p le is s e le c te d , w ith each e sta b lish m en t
h avin g a p r e d e te rm in e d chance o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain optim u m a c c u ra c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p ro p o rtio n o f la r g e than s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . When data a re co m b in ed , ea ch e sta b lish m en t
ig w eig h ted a cco rd in g to its p ro b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so that unbiased e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d .
For
e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e sta b lish m en ts is s e le c te d , it is giv e n a w eigh t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f
plu s th r e e o th e rs . An a lte rn a te o f the sa m e o r ig in a l p ro b a b ility is chosen in the sam e in d u s tr y -s iz e
c la s s ific a tio n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le fo r the o r ig in a l sam p le m e m b e r . I f no su itable substitute is
a v a ila b le , ad d ition al w eig h t is a ssign ed to a sa m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re aw ide e s tim a te s . In d u s trie s and esta b lish m en ts d iffe r
in pay l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus co n trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s fo r each jo b .
Pay
a v e ra g e s m a y f a il to r e fle c t a c c u ra te ly the w a g e d iffe r e n tia l am ong jo b s in in d ivid u a l esta b lish m en ts.
A v e r a g e pay l e v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c te d occu pation s should not be assu m ed to
r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay of the s e x e s w ith in in d ivid u a l es ta b lis h m e n ts . F a c to r s w h ich m ay con tribu te
to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te ra n g e s , sin ce only the ra te s p aid incum bents
a r e c o lle c te d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u rv e y jo b d e s c rip tio n s .
Job
d e s c rip tio n s used to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u rv e y s u su ally a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose used
in in d iv id u a l esta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific
duties p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll esta b lis h m e n ts within the scope
o f the study and not the n u m b er a ctu a lly s u rv e y e d . B eca u se o ccu p ation al s tru c tu re s among e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts d iffe r , e s tim a te s o f occu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t ob tain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lish m en ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e o f the jo b s studied. T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in occu pation al
s tru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u ra c y o f the e a rn in g s data.
W a ge tre n d s f o r s e le c te d occu p a tion a l grou p s
The
Annual ra te s
span b etw een
in c r e a s e d at

p e rc e n ts o f change in ta b le A - 7 r e la te to w a ge ch an ges b etw een the in d ica ted dates.
o f in c r e a s e , w h e re shown, r e f le c t the amount o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 m onths when the tim e
s u rv e y s w a s o th e r than 12 m onths,
r a te s a r e b a sed on the assum ption that w a ges
a constant r a te b etw een s u rv e y s .

O ccu pation s u sed to com pute w a g e tre n d s a re :

O ccu pation s and E a rn in g s

O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ):

O ccupations s e le c te d fo r study a re com m on to a v a r ie t y o f m an u factu rin g and nonm anufacturing
in d u s trie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 )
m ain ten an ce and p o w erp la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o vem en t. O ccu p ation al c la s s ific a tio n is
b a sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b d e s c rip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take account o f in te re s ta b lis h m e n t v a ria tio n
in du ties w ith in the sa m e jo b . O ccu pation s s e le c te d fo r study a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
U n less o th e rw is e in d ic a te d , the e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g the jo b t it le s a re f o r a ll in d u s trie s com bin ed.
E a rn in g s data fo r som e o f the occu pation s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ithin
o ccu p ation s, a re not p re s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b eca u se e ith e r (1 ) em p loym en t in the occupation
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e of
in d iv id u a l es ta b lis h m e n t data. S ep a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a re not p re s e n te d when the
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s not id e n tifie d b y sex is 20 p e rc e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w om en id e n tifie d in an
occupation.
E a rn in g s data not shown s e p a r a te ly fo r in d u stry d iv is io n s a re in clu d ed in a ll in d u s trie s
com b in ed data, w h e re shown.
L ik e w is e , data a r e in clu d ed in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a sub­
c la s s ific a tio n o f e le c t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to
s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s e s A and B
C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
K eypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
S w itch b o a rd o p e ra to rs
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A and B

O ccu p ation al e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a re shown fo r fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ir e d
to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch edu le. E a rn in g s data ex clu d e p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on
w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts. N on p rodu ction bonu ses a re ex clu d ed , but c o s t - o f- liv in g allo w a n ces
and in c e n tiv e bonu ses a re in clu d ed .
W e e k ly h ou rs f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l
occu p ation s r e f e r to the stan d ard w o rk w e e k (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th e s e occu pation s a re rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u re the l e v e l o f occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a at a p a r tic u la r tim e .
C o m p a ris o n s o f in d iv id u a l occu p a tion a l a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e fle c t ex p e c te d w a ge ch an ges.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a re a ffe c te d by ch an ges in w a g e s and em p lo y m en t p a ttern s.
For
e x a m p le , p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y change, o r h ig h -w a g e
w o r k e r s m a y advan ce to b e tte r jo b s and be r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r ra te s .
Such s h ifts in
e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an occu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o st esta b lis h m e n ts in an a re a
in c r e a s e w a g e s du ring the y e a r .
T r e n d s in ea rn in g s o f occu p a tion a l grou p q, shown in ta b le A - 7 ,
a re b e t t e r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tre n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the grou ps.

E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C o m p u ter o p e r a to r s , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B ,
and C

E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g (m en
and w o m en )— C ontinued
C o m p u ter s y s te m s a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s tria l (r e g is t e r e d )
S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le c tr ic ia n s
M a c h in is ts
M e ch a n ics
M e c h a n ic s (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in te r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d plant (m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling

P e r c e n t ch an ges fo r in d iv id u a l a re a s in the p r o g r a m a r e com pu ted as fo llo w s :
1. E a ch occu p ation is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on it s p ro p o rtio n a te e m p lo y m e n t in the s e le c te d
grou p o f o ccu p ation s in the b a se y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com pu te gro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c cu p a tio n 's a v e ra g e (m ea n )
e a rn in g s is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p rod u cts a r e to ta le d to obtain a gro u p a v e r a g e .
3. T h e r a tio o f gro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s i s com p u ted by d iv id in g the a v e ra g e
f o r the c u rre n t y e a r b y th e a v e r a g e fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e re s u lts — e x p r e s s e d as a p e rc e n t— l e s s 100
is the p e rc e n t change.
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and s u p p lem en ta ry w a ge p r o v is io n s

' Peraonal visits were on a 2-year cycle before July 1972.
t Included in the 83 areas are 13 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton,
N . y . —P a .; Birmingham, A l a . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, Fla. ; Lexington—Fayette, K y . ; Melbourne—T itu s v ille Cocoa, F la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, hk Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N . C . ; Syracuse, N . Y . ; U tica—Rom e, N . Y . ; and Westchester County, N .Y . In addition, the Buteau conducts more lim ited area studies in
approximately 70 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w a ge p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r ie s
ta b le s ) a re not p re s e n te d in th is b u lle tin .
In fo rm a tio n fo r th ese ta b u lation s is c o lle c te d at 3 - y e a r
in te r v a ls . 1 T h e s e tab u lation s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift
d iffe r e n tia ls ; sch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs and d a ys; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h ea lth , in su ra n ce, and
p en sion plans a re p re s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s fo r th is a rea .

12

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Dayton, Ohio,1 December 1975
In d u stry d iv is io n 2

A l l d iv is io n s
_________________
M an u factu rin g _ ____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ __ __
. __ __ __
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and
o th e r pu b lic u t i l i t i e s 5
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6____________ _________________
R e ta il t r a d e 6_________ __ _________ _____ __
F in a n ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l esta te 6 _______
S e r v ic e s 6 7 _ __ __ __ __ __ __ ________ __

M in im u m
em p loym en t
in e s ta b lis h m en ts in scope
o f study

_

N u m b er o f esta b lish m en ts

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ith in scope o f stu d y4

W ithin scope
o f study *

Studied

Studied
N u m ber

P ercen t

579

129

141, 617

100

88, 828

-

245
334

56
73

84, 140
57, 477

59
41

58, 895
29,933

50
50
50
50
50

37
45
149
32
71

15
11
20
6
21

9,
3,
29,
5,
9,

7
3
20
4
7

7, 384
1, 386
14,623
2, 335
4 ,2 0 5

50

446
767
155
531
578

1 Th e D ayton Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and B udget throu gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts o f
G re e n e , M ia m i, M o n tg o m e ry , and P r e b le Counties.
The " w o r k e r s w ith in scop e of study" e s tim a te s shown in this tab le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly
a c c u ra te d e s c rip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n of the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r, fo r c o m p a ris o n
w ith o th e r em p lo ym en t in d exes to m e a s u re em p lo ym en t tren d s o r l e v e ls sin ce (1 ) planning o f w a ge s u rv e y s re q u ir e s e sta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d
c o n s id e ra b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts a r e exclu d ed f r o m the scope o f the s u rvey .
2 The 1967 ed itio n o f the Standard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as used in c la s s ify in g esta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu des a ll
esta b lish m en ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l ou tlets (w ith in the a re a ) o f com p a n ies
in
in d u s trie s such as tra d e, fin an ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te rs a re c o n s id e re d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clu d es a ll w o rk e rs in a ll e sta b lish m en ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in the a r e a ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b re v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b les.
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e exclu ded. D a yto n 's
tra n s it s y s te m is m u n icip a lly owned and th e r e fo r e exclu ded fr o m the scop e o f the su rvey.
6 T h is d iv is io n is re p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the A - s e r i e s ta b les.
S ep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data
is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g rea son s:
(1) E m p lo ym en t is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2 ) the sam p le
w as not d es ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it sep a ra te p resen ta tio n , (3) res p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it sep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4 ) th e re
is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u re o f in d ivid u a l e sta b lish m en t data.
7 H otels and m o te ls ; lau n d ries and oth er p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ; a u tom ob ile r e p a ir , ren ta l, and p a rk in g; m otion p ic tu r e s ;
n o n p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and ch a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a rc h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




13

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

Th e p r im a r y pu rp ose of p re p a rin g job d e s c rip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w a ge s u rv e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te
occupations w o r k e r s who a re e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe re n t w o rk a rra n g em en ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to esta b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a re a to a re a .
T h is p e r m its the grou p in g o f occu p a tion a l w a ge ra tes r e p re s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b content.
B eca u se o f th is em p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a ra b ility o f o ccu p ation al con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c rip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in use in
in d ivid u a l esta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose p r e p a r e d fo r o th er p u rp o ses.
In applyin g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a re in stru cted
to exclu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p ren tices; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs ; tr a in e e s ; and h andicapped, p a r t - t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s ta tem en ts, b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e oth er than an o r d in a r y o r e le c tr o m a tic
t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c le r ic a l w o rk
in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p era tio n s. F o r w age study p u rp o s e s , b ille r s , m a ch in e, a re c la s s ifie d b y typ e o f
m a ch in e, as fo llo w s :

P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e accounting c le r ic a l ta sk s such as p ostin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in te rn a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u ra c y
o f accounting docu m en ts; a ssign in g p r e s c r ib e d accounting d is trib u tio n c o d es; exa m in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c le r ic a l a c c u ra c y v a r io u s ty p e s of r e p o r ts , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o stin g , e tc .; o r p re p a rin g s im p le o r
a s s is tin g in p re p a rin g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs . M a y w o rk in e ith e r a m anual or autom ated
accounting s ystem .

B i l l e r , m ach in e (b illin g m a ch in e).
U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m achine (com b in ation typ in g and
adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e r s ' pu rch ase o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p re p a re d
o r d e r s , shipping m em o ra n d u m s, e tc.
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tion o f p r e d e te rm in e d discou nts and
shipping c h a rg e s and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m ay o r m ay not be com puted on the b illin g
m a ch in e, and to ta ls w h ich a re a u to m a tic a lly accu m u lated by m ach in e. T h e o p era tio n usu ally in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m ber o f carb on c o p ie s o f the b i l l b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m ach in e.
B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e ). U ses a b ookkeepin g m achine (w ith o r without a
ty p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s to m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le o p era tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m ach in e
au tom aticaH y a ccu m u lates fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l colum ns and com putes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly the d ebit o r c r e d it b a la n ces. D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow led ge of book k eep in g. W o rk s fr o m
u n ifo rm and stan d ard ty p es o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n o w led ge o f c le r ic a l m eth ods and o ffic e p r a c tic e s and p ro c e d u re s w hich
r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tra n s a c tio n s and accounting in fo rm a tio n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r w ith the book k eep in g and accounting te r m s and
p ro c e d u re s used in the a ssig n ed w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a k n o w led ge o f the fo r m a l p rin c ip le s
o f book k eep in g and accounting.
P o s itio n s

a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s .

C la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n , p e r fo r m s accounting c le r ic a l o p e ra tio n s w h ich re q u ire
the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm e n t, fo r e x a m p le , c l e r ic a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r
n o n re p e titiv e accounting tra n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su b sta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accounting
codes and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tra c in g tra n s a c tio n s though p re v io u s accounting action s to d e te rm in e
s o u rce o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M a y be a s s is te d b y one o r m o r e c la s s B accounting c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e ra te s a book k eep in g m ach in e (w ith o r w ithou t a ty p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d of
b u sin ess tra n s a c tio n s .

C la s s B . U n d er c lo s e s u p e rv is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and s ta n d a rd ized p r o c e d u re s ,
p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accounting c l e r i c a l o p e ra tio n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a rd s , o r
w o rk s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p ostin gs a re c le a r ly in d icated ; ch eckin g
a c c u ra c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f sta n d a rd ize d and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s o r accounting docum ents; and coding
docum ents using a fe w p r e s c r ib e d accounting c o d es.

C la s s A . K e e p s a s et o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w led ge o f and e x p e rie n c e in b a s ic b ookkeepin g
p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith the s tru c tu re o f th e p a r tic u la r accounting s y s te m used.
D e te rm in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each phase o f the w o rk . M ay
p r e p a r e co n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a lan ce sh e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s by hand.

C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c la s s if ie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m .
M ay p e r fo r m
c le r ic a l and m anual ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain ta in file s . P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls on the b a sis
o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e ph ases o r s e c tio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s usu ally
re q u irin g lit t le k n o w led g e o f b a s ic b o ok k eep in g. P h a s e s o r sectio n s include accounts p a y a b le, p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' accounts (not in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o st
d is trib u tio n , ex p en se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e tc . M a y ch eck o r a s s is t in p re p a ra tio n o f t r i a l
"Isalan ces and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets fo r the accounting d ep artm en t.




C la ss__A .
C la s s ifie s and
docu m en ts, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f i l e th is m a te r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r l e v e l

14

in d ex es f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o rre s p o n d e n c e , re p o r ts , te c h n ic a l
filin g s y s te m con tain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d su bject m a tte r file s .
k eep r e c o r d s of v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ction w ith the f ile s .
M ay
f ile c le r k s .

C L E R K S , F I L E — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

C la s s B . S o rts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y s im p le (su b ject m a t t e r ) headings
o r p a r tly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y fin e r subheadings. P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d index and c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e
aids. A s req u e s te d , lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in file s and fo rw a rd s m a te r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m
r e la te d c le r ic a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .
C la s s C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lre a d y been c la s s ifie d o r w hich is
e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b etica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r
n u m e r ic a l). As re q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a te r ia l; and m ay
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a rg e . M ay p e r fo r m sim p le c le r ic a l and m anual tasks r e q u ire d to m aintain and
s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s cu s to m e rs * o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e by m a il, phone, o r p e rs o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e rs ; m aking out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eckin g p r ic e s and qu an tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sheet;
and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c tiv e d ep artm en ts to be fille d . M a y check w ith c r e d it d ep artm en t
to d e te rm in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r, ackn ow ledge re c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s to m e rs , fo llo w up
o r d e r s to see that th ey have been fille d , k eep f ile o f o rd e r s r e c e iv e d , and check shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PA YR O LL
C om pu tes w a g e s o f com pany e m p lo y e e s and en te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh eets.
D uties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o rk e rs * ea rn in gs b a sed on tim e o r produ ction r e c o r d s ; and postin g
c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r ’ s nam e, w o rk in g days, tim e ,
ra te , dedu ctions fo r in s u ra n c e , and to ta l w a ges due. M ay m ake out paych ecks and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m aking up and d is trib u tin g pay en v e lo p e s .
M ay use a ca lcu la tin g m achine.
KEYPUNCH OPERATO R
O p era tes a keypunch m ach in e to r e c o r d o r v e r if y
c a rd s o r on tape.
P o s itio n s

alphabetic and/or n u m e ric data on tabulating

E xclu sion s
N ot a ll p o sitio n s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r a c te r is tic s .
p o sitio n s w h ich a re exclu d ed fr o m the d efin itio n a re as fo llo w s :

E x a m p les of

a.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not m e e t the "p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y concept d e s c rib e d above;

b.

S ten o gra p h ers not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l typ e duties;

c.
S ten o g ra p h ers
m a n a g e r ia l p e rs o n s ;

s e r v in g

as

o ffic e

a ssista n ts

to

a grou p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,

d. S e c r e ta r y p o sitio n s in w hich the du ties a re e ith e r su bsta n tia lly m o r e
sta n tia lly m o r e co m p le x and re s p o n s ib le than th o se c h a r a c te r iz e d in the d efin itio n ;

or

routine o r sub­

e.
A s s is ta n t typ e p o s itio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e res p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l,
a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r ic a l duties w hich a re not ty p ic a l of s e c r e t a r ia l
w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r , " used in the l e v e l d efin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to th ose
o ffic ia ls who have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te -w id e p o licy m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com pany
a c tiv itie s .
Th e t it le " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , does not in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify such p o s itio n s . V ic e p re s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y re s p o n s ib ility is to act p e rs o n a lly on in d ivid u a l
ca s e s o r tra n s a c tio n s (e .g ., ap p rove o r deny in d ivid u a l loan o r c r e d it a ction s; a d m in is te r in d ivid u a l
tru st accounts; d ir e c t ly s u p e rv is e a c le r ic a l s ta ff) a re not c o n s id e re d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u rp oses o f applying the fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch airm an o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a com pany that e m p lo y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a te o ffic e r (o th er than the ch airm an o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r le v e l, o f a m a jo r segm en t
o r su b s id ia ry o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .

a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s.

C la s s A . W o rk re q u ir e s the ap p lication o f e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent in s e le c tin g p ro c e d u re s
to be fo llo w e d and in s ea rch in g fo r , in te rp re tin g , s e le c tin g , o r cod in g ite m s to be keypunched fr o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u rc e docum ents. On o c ca sio n m a y a lso p e r fo r m som e rou tin e keypunch w o rk . M a y tra in
in e x p e rie n c e d keypunch o p e ra to rs .
C la s s B . W o rk is routine and r e p e titiv e .
U nder c lo s e s u p ervisio n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p ro c e d u re s o r in s tru c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a rio u s s ta n d a rd ized so u rce docum ents w hich have been cod ed ,
and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p ro c e d u re s w h ich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ire lit t le o r no s e le c tin g ,
co d in g, o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be re c o rd e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r p ro b le m s a r is in g fr o m e rro n e o u s
ite m s o r co d es o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .
M ESSENGER

C la s s B
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a com pany that e m p lo y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th er than the ch airm an o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; or
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head,, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n ction al a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , re s e a r c h , o p e ra tio n s , in d u s tria l re la tio n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r
g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h ea d q u a rters; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,000 but fe w e r than 25,000 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a rio u s rou tine duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p eratin g m in o r o ffic e m ach in es
such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d istrib u tin g m a il, and o th er m in o r c le r ic a l w o rk . E xclu de
p o sitio n s that re q u ir e o p era tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d ivid u al plant,
o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5. S e c r e ta r y to the head of a la r g e and im p orta n t o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m anagem ent s u p e r v is o r of an o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t often in v o lv in g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e rs o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d ivid u a l.
M aintains a c lo s e and h igh ly
r e s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .
W ork s fa ir ly in depen den tly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d su p e rv is io n and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties, u su ally in clu din g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a lls , p e rs o n a l c a lle r s , and in co m in g m a il, a n sw ers rou tin e in q u ir ie s ,
and ro u tes te c h n ic a l in q u irie s to the p r o p e r p e rs o n s ;
b.

M ain tain s the s u p e r v is o r s

d.
v i s o r 's

E s ta b lis h e s , m a in ta in s,

c.

and r e v is e s the

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

P e r fo r m s

le v e l of

1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e ria l p e rs o n w hose r e s p o n s ib ility is not eq u iva len t to
one o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situ ations in the d efin itio n fo r c la s s B , but w hose o rg a n iz a tio n a l unit
n o rm a lly n u m bers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is usu ally d ivid ed into o rg a n iza tio n a l segm en ts
w hich a re often , in tu rn , fu rth e r su bdivided. In som e c o m p a n ies, th is le v e l in clu des a w ide range o f
o rg a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e rs , only one o r tw o; o r

s u p e r v is o r 's file s ;
2.
S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant,
o f f ic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .

c a len d a r and m akes appointm ents as in stru cted ;

s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in ates;

fa c to r y ,

e tc . (o r o th er eq u ivalen t l e v e l of

C la s s D
1. S e c r e ta r y to the
about 25 o r 30 p e rs o n s ); o r

sten o gra p h ic and typ in g w o rk .

M a y a lso p e r fo r m o th er c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f c o m p a ra b le n atu re and d iffic u lty .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a lly re q u ir e s kn ow ledge o f o ffic e rou tin e and understanding o f the o rg a n iz a tio n , p ro g r a m s ,
and p ro c e d u re s r e la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .




e tc. (o r o th er equ iva len t

C la s s C

e.
R e v ie w s c o rre s p o n d e n c e , m em o ra n d u m s, and re p o r ts p re p a re d by o th ers fo r the s u p e r­
s ign a tu re to a ssu re p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a cc u ra c y ;
f.

fa c t o r y ,

s u p e r v is o r

or

head

of

a s m a ll

o rg a n iz a tio n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2. S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o ry s ta ff s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tra tiv e
o f f ic e r , o r a ss is ta n t, s k ille d tech n icia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M any com p a n ies a ssign ste n o g ra p h e rs ,
ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d ab o ve, to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r .)

15

STE N O G R APH E R

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A ccou n tin g M ach in e O p e r a to r )

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n using shorthand, and to tr a n s c r ib e the d icta tio n . M a y a lso
ty p e fr o m w ritte n copy.
M a y o p e ra te fr o m a s ten o g ra p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m
v o ic e r e c o rd in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tra n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c rib in g -M a c h in e
O p e ra to r, G e n e r a l).

O p e ra te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m ach in es such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r, c o lla t o r , in te r p r e te r ,
s o r t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, e tc . E xclu d ed fr o m th is d efin itio n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o exclu d ed
a re o p e ra to rs o f e le c tr o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te rs , even though th ey m a y a ls o o p e ra te E A M equipm ent.

N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin gu ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s
in a c o n fid e n tia l re la tio n s h ip w ith only one m a n a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e re s p o n s ib le and
d is c r e tio n a r y ta sk s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

C la s s A . P e r fo r m s c o m p le te re p o rtin g and tabu latin g a ssig n m en ts in clu din g d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n tro l p a n el w ir in g under g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y of lon g and
c o m p le x re p o r ts w h ich often a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , re q u irin g som e planning o f the natu re and
sequ en cin g o f o p e ra tio n s , and the use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a ch in es. Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e ra to rs in m ach in e op era tio n s o r tra in in g lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in
the o p era tin g sequ en ces o f long and c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
D oes not inclu de p o sitio n s in w hich w irin g
re s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s.

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s.

S ten o g ra p h er, G e n e ra l
D icta tion in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la ry .
o r p e r fo r m o th er r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c le r ic a l ta sk s.

M a y m ain tain

f ile s ,

k eep s im p le r e c o r d s ,

C la s s _ B . P e r fo r m s w o rk a c c o rd in g to e s ta b lis h e d p ro c e d u re s and under s p e c ific in stru ction s.
A ss ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but rou tin e and r e c u r r in g re p o r ts o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e
co m p le x re p o r ts .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tab u latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting m ach in es such as the
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in addition to the s im p le r m ach in es used b y c la s s C o p e ra to rs .
M ay be
re q u ire d to do som e w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s .
M a y tra in new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m ach in e op era tion s.

S ten o g ra p h er, S en io r
D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l ,o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as in le g a l b r ie fs
re p o r ts on s c ie n tific re s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s et up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc.

or

OR
P e r fo r m s s ten o g ra p h ic duties req u irin g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r independence and r e s p o n s ib ility
than ste n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l, as evid e n c e d b y the fo llo w in g : W o r k re q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f sten o g ra p h ic
speed and a cc u ra c y ; a th orou gh w o rk in g k n o w led ge o f g e n e r a l b u sin ess and o ffic e p ro c e d u re ; and o f
the s p e c ific bu sin ess o p e ra tio n s , o rg a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , file s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U ses th is
k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g sten o gra p h ic du ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as m ain tain in g follow u p
f ile s ; a ssem b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r ts , m em o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; com p osin g sim p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s tru c tio n s ; read in g and rou tin g in co m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g routine q u estio n s, etc.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

C la s s C . U n der s p e c ific in s tru c tio n s , o p e ra te s s im p le tabu latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m ach in es such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc.
A ssign m en ts ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o rk unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o rtin g o r co lla tin g runs, o r r e p e titiv e
o p e ra tio n s .
M a y p e r fo r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w o rk .
T R A N S C R IB IN G :-M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la ry fr o m tr a n ­
s c rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o typ e fr o m w r itte n cop y and do s im p le c le r ic a l w ork . W o r k e r s
tr a n s c r ib in g d icta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as le g a l b r ie fs o r
re p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a re not in clu d ed .
A w o r k e r who tak es d icta tio n in shorthand o r by
Stenotype o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s ifie d as a ste n o g ra p h e r.

O p era tes a telep h o n e sw itch b o a rd o r co n s o le used w ith a p r iv a te b ra n ch exch an ge (P B X )
s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , ou tgoin g, and in t r a - s y s t e m c a lls .
M a y p ro v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a lle r s ,
r e c o r d and tra n s m it m e s s a g e s , k eep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a rg e s .
B e s id e s o p e ra tin g a
telep h on e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o typ e o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r ic a l w o rk (typin g o r rou tin e
c le r ic a l w o rk m a y occupy the m a jo r p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's t im e , and is u su ally p e r fo r m e d w h ile at
the sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f o r le a d o p e ra to rs in esta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a to r a re exclu d ed . F o r an o p e r a to r who a lso acts as a re c e p tio n is t, s ee S w itch b oard O p e r a to r R e c e p tio n is t.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a s in g le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as am o p e r a to r — see S w itch ­
b o a rd O p e ra to r— amd as a r e c e p tio n is t. R e c e p tio n is t's w o rk in v o lv e s such du ties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ;
d e te rm in in g natu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u sin ess and p ro v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r to
a p p ro p ria te p e rs o n in the o rg a n iz a tio n , o r con ta ctin g that p e rs o n b y telep h on e and a rra n g in g am
appointm ent; k eep in g a lo g o f v is it o r s .

T Y P IS T
U ses a t y p e w r it e r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fte r calcu la tio n s
have been m ade by another p ers o n .
M ay in clu d e typ in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r
use in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tra in in g , such as k eep in g
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts , o r s o rtin g and d is trib u tin g in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a te r ia l in fin a l fo r m when it
in v o lv e s com bin in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e vered s o u rc e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n ,
punctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n lan gu age m a te r ia l; o r planning layou t and
typ in g o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity and b a la n ce in sp acin g. M ay ty p e routine
fo r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit c irc u m s ta n c e s .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typ in g fr o m rough o r c le a r d ra fts ;
o r rou tin e typ in g o f fo r m s , in su ran ce p o lic ie s , e tc ; o r settin g up s im p le stan dard ta b u lation s; o r
cop yin g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lre a d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COM PUTER O PERATO R

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M o n ito rs and o p e ra te s the c o n tro l co n s o le o f a d ig ita l co m p u ter to p r o c e s s data according to
o p e ra tin g in s tru c tio n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk in clu d es m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
S tudies in s tru c tio n s to d e te rm in e equ ipm ent setup and o p e ra tio n s ; load s equipm ent With r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tap e r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); sw itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equ ipm ent in to c ir c u it, and sta rts and
o p e ra te s c o m p u ter; m a k es ad ju stm en ts to co m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l
con d ition s; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ade du ring o p e ra tio n and d e te rm in e s cause o r r e fe r s p r o b le m to
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m ain tain s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y test and a s s is t in c o r r e c tin g
p ro g ra m .

C la s s B . O p era tes in d ep en d en tly, o r u nder on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p ro g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d produ ction
ru ns, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r no te s tin g o f new p ro g ra m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a re p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s m a jo r change o r cannot be
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a re a s o n a b ly tim e . In com m on e r r o r s itu a tio n s, d ia g n o s e s cau se and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e
action .
T h is u su ally in v o lv e s applyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s tep s, o r using standard
c o r r e c tio n tech n iq u es.
OR

F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

co m p u ter o p e r a to r s

a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . O p era tes in d ep en d en tly, o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o st o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c te r is tic s :
N ew p ro g ra m s a re fre q u e n tly te s te d and
in tro d u ced ; sch ed u lin g re q u ire m e n ts a re o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n c e to m in im iz e d ow n tim e; the p ro g ra m s
a re o f c o m p le x design so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r so u rce often re q u ir e s a w o rk in g k n o w led ge o f the
to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p ro g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c tio n and guidance to
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .




16

O p e ra te s under d ir e c t s u p e rv is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r segm en ts o f p ro g ra m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A. M a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a to r b y in depen den tly
p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a ssign ed , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in stru ctio n s
and w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s under c lo s e s u p e rv is io n . Is e x p e c te d to d e velo p w o rk in g
k n o w led ge o f the co m p u ter equ ipm en t used and a b ility to d e te c t p ro b le m s in v o lv e d in running routine
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d som e fo r m a l tr a in in g in co m p u ter o p e ra tio n . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SINESS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u sin ess p ro b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a sy s te m s an a lyst, into a
sequ en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w hich a re r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p ro b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g
equ ipm en t. W o rk in g fr o m c h a rts o r d ia g ra m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
when e n te re d in to the co m p u te r s y s te m in cod ed la n gu a ge, cau se the m anipu lation o f data to a ch ieve
d e s ir e d r e s u lts .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f co m p u ter c a p a b ilitie s ,
m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u te rs , and p a r tic u la r su b ject m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a lyze ch a rts
and d ia g ra m s o f the p r o b le m to be p ro g ra m m e d ; d e velo p s sequ en ce o f p ro g r a m step s; w r ite s d e ta ile d
flo w c h a rts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e rts th e s e ch arts to cod ed in stru ctio n s
f o r m a ch in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p re p a r e s in s tru c tio n s fo r o p e ra tin g p e rs o n n e l
d u rin g p rod u ction run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p ro g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r
adapt to new re q u ir e m e n ts ; m ain tain s re c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d evelo p m en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly sis and p ro g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as sy s te m s an alysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e th e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le fo r the m anagem ent o r s u p e rv is io n o f oth er
e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily con c e rn e d w ith s c ie n tific and/or
e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s w hich
r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h ases o f p r o g r a m m in g con cepts and p r a c tic e s .
W o rk in g fr o m d ia g ra m s
and c h a rts w h ich id e n tify the natu re o f d e s ir e d re s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be a cc o m p lis h e d ,
and the re la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a r io u s steps o f the p ro b le m s o lv in g rou tine; plans the fu ll range
o f p r o g r a m m in g actio n s n eed ed to e ffic ie n t ly u tiliz e the co m p u ter s y s te m in a ch ievin g d e s ir e d
end p rod u cts.
A t th is l e v e l, p ro g ra m m in g is d iffic u lt b eca u se com p u ter equipm ent m u st be o rg a n iz e d to
p ro d u ce s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p rod u cts fr o m num erous and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g actions m ust o c c u r. T h is re q u ir e s such action s as
d ev e lo p m e n t o f com m on o p e ra tio n s w h ich can b e reu sed , e sta b lish m en t o f lin k a g e points b etw een
o p e ra tio n s , adju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m re q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d co m p u ter s to ra g e c a p a c ity , and
su b stan tial m an ip u lation and res e q u e n c in g o f data ele m e n ts to fo r m a h igh ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p r o v id e

fu n ctio n a l

d ir e c tio n to

lo w e r l e v e l

p rogram m ers

who a re

s y s te m s an a lysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on c o m p le x p ro b le m s in v o lv in g
a ll p hases o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re c o m p le x b eca u se o f d iv e r s e s o u rc e s o f input data and
m u ltip le -u s e re q u ire m e n ts o f output data. (F o r e x a m p le , d e velo p s an in te g ra te d produ ction sch edu lin g,
in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly sis r e c o r d in w hich e v e r y ite m o f ea ch typ e is
a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p actions a re in itia te d
b y the c o m p u te r .) C o n fe rs w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g
o p e ra tio n s . M ak es rec o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n eed ed , fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r changes
and fo r obtaining equipm ent.
M a y p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l d ir e c tio n to lo w e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n alysts w ho a re assign ed to a s s is t.
C la s s B . W o rk s in depen den tly o r under only g e n e r a l d ire c tio n on p ro b le m s that a re r e la t iv e ly
u n co m p lica ted to a n a ly z e , plan , p r o g r a m , and o p e ra te . P r o b le m s a re o f lim it e d c o m p le x ity b eca u se
s o u rc e s o f input data a re hom ogen eou s and the output data a r e c lo s e ly re la te d . (F o r e x a m p le, d ev e lo p s
s y s te m s fo r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r accounts in a bank, m ain tain in g accounts re c e iv a b le in a r e t a il
e s ta b lish m en t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to ry accounts in a m an u factu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe rs w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d vises s u b je c tm a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g sy s te m s to be applied.
OR
W o rk s on a segm en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r s y s te m , as d e s c rib e d fo r c la s s A.
W o rk s in depen den tly on rou tin e assign m en ts and r e c e iv e s in stru ctio n and guidance on c o m p le x
a ssign m en ts. W o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u ra c y o f ju d gm en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tru c tio n s , and to in su re
p r o p e r a lign m en t w ith the o v e r a ll sys te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s under im m e d ia te s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s sig n ed , u su ally
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n ts a re d esign ed to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e rie n c e in the
a p p lica tion o f p r o c e d u re s and s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly sis w o rk . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a
h ig h e r l e v e l sy s te m s a n alyst b y p re p a rin g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a tio n s r e q u ir e d b y p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo rm a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y the h ig h e r l e v e l an alyst.

a ssig n ed to a s s is t.

C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on s im p le seg m en ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su ally p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to
p ro d u ce data in tw o o r t h r e e v a r ie d sequ en ces o r fo rm a ts .
R e p o rts and lis tin g s a re p rod u ced by
r e fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m ak in g m in o r additions to o r d e le tio n s fr o m input data w h ich are
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be p r o c e s s e d , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r
action s so that th e a c c u ra c y and sequ encing o f data can be te s te d by using a fe w rou tin e ch ecks.
T y p ic a lly , th e p r o g r a m d ea ls w ith rou tin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g typ e o p e ra tio n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p ro g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under c lo s e d ire c tio n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g
le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s under f a ir ly c lo s e d ire c tio n .
M a y guide o r in s tru c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k es p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p r o g ra m m in g p r a c tic e s and con cep ts u su ally le a rn e d
in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u rs e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a re d esign ed to d e v e lo p com p eten ce in the ap p lica tio n of
stan d ard p r o c e d u r e s to rou tin e p ro b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv is io n on new asp ects o f a ssign m en ts;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u ra c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith re q u ire d p ro c e d u re s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly z e s b u sin ess p ro b le m s to fo rm u la te p ro c e d u re s fo r so lvin g th e m by use o f e le c tr o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c rip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n eed ed to en able
p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l co m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t-m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s con dition s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to
a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y re s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m ber and ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f ile s , and docum ents to be used;
ou tlin es action s to be p e r fo r m e d b y p e rs o n n e l and c o m p u ters in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p re s e n ta tio n to
m an agem en t and fo r p ro g ra m m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p re p a ra tio n o f w o rk and data flo w c h a rts );
c o o rd in a te s th e d evelo p m en t o f te s t p ro b le m s and p a rtic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ;
and re c p m m e n d s equ ipm en t ch an ges to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p era tio n s.
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g ra m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as sy stem s a n alysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes not inclu de e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m an agem en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f oth er
e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n alysts p r im a r ily c o n cern ed w ith s c ie n tific o r
e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .




F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s ,

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h avin g d is tin c tiv e design fe a tu re s
that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p re c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e support w ith the d esign
o r ig in a to r , and m a y re c o m m e n d m in o r d esign ch an ges.
A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f each change on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f com ponents and p a rts .
W o rk s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o rk is r e v ie w e d by design o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is te n c y
w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e te rm in a tio n s . M a y e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s, o r d ir e c t th e ir p re p a ra tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d r a fte r s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s nonrou tine and c o m p le x d ra ftin g assign m en ts that re q u ir e the ap p lica tio n
of m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd ize d draw in g tech n iqu es r e g u la r ly used. D uties ty p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o rk as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s o f s u b a ssem b lies w ith ir r e g u la r sh ap es, m u ltip le fu nctions, and p r e c is e
p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s b etw een com p on en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h ite c tu r a l d ra w in gs fo r con stru ction o f a
bu ildin g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in gs o f fou n dation s, w a ll s e c tio n s , flo o r p la n s, and ro o f. U ses a c cep ted
fo rm u la s and m anuals in m akin g n e c e s s a r y com pu tation s to d e te rm in e qu an tities o f m a te r ia ls to be
used, lo a d c a p a c itie s , stre n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tru c tio n s , r e q u ire m e n ts , and
a d vice fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk is ch eck ed fo r te c h n ic a l adequacy.
G la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in gs o f s in g le units o r p a rts fo r e n g in e e rin g , co n stru ctio n ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u rp o ses.
T y p e s o f d ra w in gs p re p a re d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c tio n s
(d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im en sio n s in a ccu ra te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o sitio n in g of com ponents
and co n v e y n eed ed in fo rm a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m ber o f so u rc e s and adju sts o r
tra n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ire d .
S u ggested m eth od s o f ap p roach , a p p lica b le p re c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on
s o u rc e m a te r ia ls a re g iv e n w ith in it ia l a ssign m en ts. In s tru c tio n s a re le s s c o m p le te when assign m en ts
r e c u r.
W o rk m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d du ring p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th ers by p la c in g tr a c in g clo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in gs
and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o es not in clu d e tr a c in g lim it e d to plans p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g of
stra ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not re q u irin g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e titiv e d ra w in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
during p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c lo s e ly s u p e rv is e d

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

W o rk s on
com b in ation of the
con s tru c tin g , and
p r in c ip le s , a b ility

v a rio u s ty p es of e le c tr o n ic equipm ent and re la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one o r a
fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m ain tain in g, re p a ir in g , o verh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g ,
te s tin g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c tic a l ap p lication o f te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge o f e le c tr o n ic s
to d e te rm in e m a lfu n ctio n s, and s k ill to put equ ipm ent in re q u ire d o p era tin g condition.

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to s o lv e co m p le x p ro b le m s (i. e . , those
that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d ocu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent. W o rk in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y w ith the in t e r r e la tio n ­
ships of c ir c u its ; and ju dgm en t in d eterm in in g w o rk sequ en ce and in s e le c tin g to o ls and testin g
in stru m en ts, u su ally le s s c o m p le x than th ose used by the c la s s A tech n icia n .

T h e equipm ent— c o n s is tin g o f e ith e r m any d iffe r e n t kinds o f c ir c u its o r m u ltip le re p e titio n of
the sam e kind o f c ir c u it— in clu d es, but is not lim ite d to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c tr o n ic tra n s m ittin g
and r e c e iv in g equ ipm ent (e .g ., r a d a r, ra d io , te le v is io n , te le p h o n e , son a r, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b)
d ig ita l and analog c o m p u te rs , and (c ) in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tro llin g equipm ent.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id an ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n , and
w o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific co m p lia n c e w ith a c cep ted p r a c tic e s and w o rk a ssign m en ts. M ay p ro v id e
te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l tech n icia n s.

T h is c la s s ific a tio n exclu d es r e p a ir e r s o f such stan dard e le c tr o n ic equipm ent as com m on o ffic e
m ach in es and household ra d io and t e le v is io n s ets; prod u ction a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w hose
p r im a r y duty is s e r v ic in g e le c tr o n ic te s t in stru m en ts; tech n icia n s who have a d m in is tra tiv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y re s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e rs .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to p e r fo r m sim p le o r rou tine tasks in w ork in g
on e le c tr o n ic equ ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir tu a lly a ll p ro ced u res.
W ork
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such ta sk s as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c tiv itie s as
r e p la c in g com p on en ts, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and taking te s t re a d in g s ; re p a irin g sim p le e le c tr o n ic equipm ent;
and using to o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., m u ltim e te r s , audio sign a l g e n e r a to r s , tube te s t e r s ,
o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not r e q u ir e d to be f a m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its . T h is kn ow led ge,
h o w e v e r, m ay be a c q u ire d through a ssign m en ts d esig n ed to in c r e a s e c o m p eten ce (including c la s s r o o m
tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advance to h ig h er l e v e l tech n icia n .

P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu idan ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l tech n ician . W ork
is t y p ic a lly spot ch eck ed , but is giv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w when new o r ad van ced assign m en ts a re in vo lved .

C la s s A . A p p lie s advanced te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge to s o lv e unusually c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i. e . ,
th ose that ty p ic a lly cannot be so lv e d s o le ly by
r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d o cu m en ts) in w o rk in g on e le c tr o n ic equipm ent.
E x a m p le s o f such p ro b lem s in clu de lo c a tio n and
d en sity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o - m a g n e tic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n ction s, and
freq u en t e n g in e e rin g
ch an ges.
W ork in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d understanding o f the in te rre la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its ; e x e r c is in g
independent ju dgm ent in p e r fo r m in g such task s as m akin g c ir c u it a n a ly ses, ca lcu la tin g w a ve fo r m s ,
tr a c in g rela tio n sh ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual tr a c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d evia tion m e t e r s , pu lse g e n e r a to r s ).
W o rk m ay be r e v ie w e d b y
c o m p lia n ce w ith a ccep ted p r a c tic e s .

s u p e r v is o r
(fre q u e n tly ane n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r ) fo r g e n e ra l
M ay p ro v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l tech n icia n s.

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to i l l o r in ju red
e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an accid en t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c to r y or
o th er e s ta b lish m en t.
D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g fir s t aid to the i l l or
in ju red ; attending to subsequent d re s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s o f patients tre a te d ;
p re p a rin g a ccid en t re p o r ts fo r com p en sation o r o th er p u rp o ses; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l exam in ation s and
h ealth eva lu a tio n s o f a pplican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p ro g ra m s in v o lv in g health
ed u cation , accid en t p re v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r o th er a c tiv itie s a ffectin g the health,
w e lfa r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e rs o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rses in esta b lish m en ts em p lo yin g
m o r e than one n u rse a re exclu d ed .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lish m en t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h eat, p o w e r,
o r steam .
F e e d s fu els to f i r e by hand o r o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r, g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; and
ch eck s w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o ile r r o o m equipm ent.

A s s is ts one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r
g e n e r a l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; clea n in g
w o rk in g a re a , m a ch in e, and equ ipm en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn eym a n by holdin g m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th er u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn eym a n . T h e kind o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e rm itte d
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e :
In som e tra d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to su pplying, liftin g ,
and holding m a t e r ia ls and to o ls , and clea n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th ers he is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e ra tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
fu ll- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y duties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru ct and m ain tain in good r e p a ir building
w o o d w o rk and equ ipm ent such as b in s, c r ib s , c o u n te rs , b en ch es, p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s ta ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m ade o f w ood in an esta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m ost of the fo llo w in g : Planning
and la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in stru ctio n s; using a v a r ie t y of
c a r p e n te r 's h an dtools, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and standard m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; m aking standard
shop com pu tation s re la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce c a r p e n te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu nctions such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r
r e p a ir o f equ ipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r re p a ir in g any of a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l equipm ent
such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , sw itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , h eatin g units,
conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n equ ipm en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r
o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia gn o sin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l sy stem o r equ ipm en t; w o rk in g
stan dard com pu tation s re la tin g to lo a d re q u ire m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l equ ipm ent; and using a
v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's handtools and m e a s u rin g and te s tin g in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m ain ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e usu ally a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

S p e c ia liz e s in o p e ra tin g one o r m o r e than one typ e of m ach in e to o l (e .g ., j i g b o r e r , grin d in g
m a ch in e, en gin e la th e, m illin g m a c h in e ) to m ach in e m e ta l fo r use in m aking o r m ain tain in g jig s ,
fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls , ga u g e s , o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru b b e r, g la s s ). W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : P lan n in g and p e r fo r m in g
d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e ra tio n s w hich r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a cc u ra c y ; settin g
up m ach in e to o l o r t o o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cutting to o ls and adjust g u id es, stop s, w o rk in g ta b le s , and oth er
c o n tro ls to handle the s iz e o f stock to be m a ch in ed ; d e te rm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p eed s, to o lin g , and
o p era tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t th ose p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie t y of
p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts during m ach in in g o p era tio n to a ch ieve
re q u is ite d im en sio n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s . M a y be r e q u ire d to s e le c t p r o p e r coolan ts and cutting
and lu b ric a tin g o ils , to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d re s s to o ls . In* g e n e ra l, the w ork
o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r , to o lr o o m , at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d fo r in th is c la s s ific a tio n re q u ir e s
e x te n s iv e k n ow led ge o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ire d through c o n s id e ra b le
o n -th e -jo b tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s tr y w a ge study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a tio n does not
o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , e m p lo y e d in to o l- a n d - d ie job b in g shops.

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p era tes and m ain tain s and m ay a lso s u p e rv is e the o p era tio n o f s ta tio n a ry en gin es and
equ ipm en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the e sta b lish m en t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, heat,
r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir-c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m a in tain in g equ ipm ent such as
stea m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o to r s , tu rb in e s , ve n tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ipm en t,
stea m b o ile r s and b o ile r - f e d w a te r pum ps; m akin g equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p era tio n
o f m a c h in e ry , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l consum ption.
M a y a ls o s u p e rv is e th e s e o p e ra tio n s .
H ead o r
c h ie f e n g in e e rs in esta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r are exclu ded.




M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M

in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P ro d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l
equ ipm ent o p e ra te d in an esta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : in te rp re tin g w ritte n
in s tru c tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o rk ; using a v a r ie t y of m a c h in is t's handtools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g stan d ard m a ch in e to o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l

18

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m akin g standard shop com pu tation s re la tin g to dim en sion s o f w o rk , to o lin g ,
fe e d s , and speeds o f m ach in in g; k n ow led ge o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
stan dard m a te r ia ls , p a rts , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r th is w o rk ; and fittin g and a ssem b lin g p a rts into
m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t's w o rk n o rm a lly r e q u ire s a rounded tra in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c tic e u su ally a cq u ired th rou gh a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s the
fo llo w in g : K n ow led ge o f s u rfa ce p e c u lia r itie s and typ es o f paint re q u ire d fo r d iffe re n t a p p lication s;
p re p a rin g su rfa c e fo r painting b y re m o v in g old fin ish o r by pla cin g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h oles and
in te r s tic e s ; and applyin g paint w ith s p ra y gun o r brush. M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite lea d , and oth er
paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r co n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m aintenance
p a in te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r
equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M ain ten a n ce)
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s a u to m o b iles, b u ses, m o to rtru c k s , and tr a c t o r s o f an esta b lish m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in in g au tom otive equ ipm ent to d iagn ose so u rce o f tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g re p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such handtools as w re n c h e s , ga u ges, d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts ; re p la c in g broken oj* d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
stock ; g rin d in g and adju sting v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le
and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts; and align in g w h e e ls , adjusting b ra k es and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g body
b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the au tom otive m ech a n ic r e q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , s tea m , g a s , o r o th er typ es of pipe and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk and m ea su rin g to lo c a te p o sitio n of
pipe fr o m d ra w in gs o r oth er w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting va rio u s s iz e s of pipe to c o r r e c t lengths
w ith c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a c e ty le n e to r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in es; th read in g pipe w ith stocks and
d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riven o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a ch in es; a ssem b lin g pipe w ith cou plin gs and
fasten in g pipe to h a n g ers; m aking standard shop com pu tations re la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
pipe re q u ire d ; and m aking standard t e s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin is h e d pip es m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r r e q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
en gaged in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g bu ilding sanitation o r h eating sy s te m s a re exclu d ed .

T h is c la s s ific a tio n does not in clu d e m ech a n ics who r e p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au tom obile
r e p a ir shops.

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m ain tain s in good r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l equipm ent and fix tu re s (such
as m ach in e g u a rd s, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila to r s , chutes, ducts, m e ta l ro o fin g )
o f an e s ta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g and la y in g out a ll typ es o f sh eetm e ta l m ain ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g up and o p era tin g a ll
a v a ila b le typ es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g m ach in es; using a v a r ie t y o f handtools in cutting, bending,
fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a ssem b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r tic le s as re q u ire d . In g e n e ra l,
the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e usually
a c q u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent o f an esta b lish m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the
fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a ch in es and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to diagn ose sou rce o f tro u b le ; d ism an tlin g
o r p a r tly d ism a n tlin g m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g re p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f handtools in
sc ra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p arts w ith ite m s obtained fr o m stock; o rd e rin g
the p rod u ction o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m ach in e shop o r sending o f the m ach in e to a m ach in e shop
fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a rin g w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p rodu ction of p a rts
o r d e r e d fr o m m ach in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in es; and m aking a ll n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r
o p era tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m ain ten an ce m ech an ic re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e
u su ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x clu d ed fr o m
th is c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties in v o lv e settin g up o r adjusting m ach in es.

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C on stru cts and r e p a ir s j ig s , fix tu r e s , cutting to o ls , ga u ges, o r m e ta l d ies o r m old s used in
shaping o r fo rm in g m e ta l o r n o n -m e ta llic m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r , ru b b er, g la s s ).
W o rk
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s : Plan n in g and la y in g out w o rk a c c o rd in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s, o r oth er
w ritte n o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; understanding the w o rk in g p ro p e r tie s o f com m on m eta ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to co m p le te task; m aking n e c e s s a r y
shop com pu tation; settin g up and o p era tin g v a rio u s m ach in e to o ls and r e la te d equipm ent; using v a rio u s
to o l and die m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; w o rk in g to v e r y c lo s e to le ra n c e s ;
h e a t-tre a tin g m e ta l p a rts and fin is h e d to o ls and d ies to a ch ieve re q u ire d q u a litie s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n ces.
In g e n e ra l, to o l and die m a k e r 's w o rk
re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g in m a ch in e-sh o p and to o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a cq u ired through fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip o r e q u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n ew m a ch in es o r h eavy equ ipm en t, and d ism a n tles and in s ta lls m ach in es o r h eavy
equ ipm ent when changes in the plant layout a re re q u ire d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Plan n in g and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g blu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of
handtools and r ig g in g ; m aking standard shop com pu tations re la tin g to s tr e s s e s , stren gth o f m a te r ia ls ,
and c e n te rs o f g r a v it y ; align in g and balan cin g o f equipm ent; s e le c tin g .standard to o ls , equ ipm en t, and
p a rts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m ain tain in g in good o r d e r p o w e r tra n s m is s io n equipm ent such as
d r iv e s and sp eed r e d u c e rs . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o rm a lly r e q u ire s a rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ired throu gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip or equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

F o r c r o s s -in d u s tr y w age study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a tio n does not include to o l and die
m a k e rs who (1 ) a re e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie job b in g shops o r (2) produ ce fo rg in g d ies (d ie s in k e rs ).

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL M O VEM ENT
GUARD AND W A TC H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

G u a rd . P e r fo r m s rou tin e p o lic e du ties, e ith e r at fix e d p ost o r on to u r, m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
using, a rm s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es guards who a re stationed at gate and ch eck on
id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p erso n s e n te rin g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, s to r e , o r o th er esta b lish m en t whose
duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L oa d in g and unloading v a rio u s m a te r ia ls and m erch a n d ise
on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r o th er tra n s p o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, sh elvin g , o r pla cin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tra n s p o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r m erch a n d ise by
handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w . L o n g s h o re w o r k e r s , who load and unload ships a r e exc lu d e d .

W atch m an .
and i lle g a l e n try .

M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p ro p e rty again st f i r e , th eft,

ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d goods fr o m s to re d m e rc h a n d is e in a cco rd a n ce
w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r oth er in s tru c tio n s .
M a y, in addition to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s f ille d or o m itted , k eep re c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u is itio n
a ddition al stock o r r e p o r t sh ort su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er re la te d duties.

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C lea n s and keeps in an o r d e r ly con dition fa c to r y w o rk in g a re a s and w a s h ro o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o ffic e , ap artm en t house, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r oth er esta b lish m en t. Duties in v o lv e a com b in ation of
the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m opping o r scru bbin g, and p o lish in g flo o r s ; re m o v in g ch ip s, tra s h , and oth er
re fu s e ; dusting equipm ent, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lish in g m e ta l fix tu re s o r tr im m in g s ; p ro v id in g
su p p lies and m in o r m aintenance s e r v ic e s ; and clea n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w ers, and r e s tr o o m s . W o r k e r s
who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashing a re ex clu d ed .




P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p rodu cts fo r shipm ent o r s to ra g e by p la cin g th em in shipping co n ta in e rs ,
the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and nu m ber of units to be
packed, the typ e o f co n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f shipm ent. W o rk re q u ir e s the p lacin g of ite m s
in shipping c o n ta in ers and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n ow led ge o f v a rio u s ite m s of

19

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G — Continued

T R U C K D R IV E R — Continued

stock in o r d e r to v e r if y content; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te typ e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e rtin g
e n c lo s u re s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p re v e n t b rea k a g e o r d am age; c lo s in g and
s e a lin g c o n ta in e r; and applying la b e ls o r e n te rin g id e n tify in g data on co n ta in er. P a c k e r s who a lso m ake
w ooden b o x es o r c r a te s are exclu ded.

fo llo w s :

F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru ck w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tria l a r e a to tra n s p o rt m a t e r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e , equ ipm en t,
o r w o r k e r s b etw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f esta b lis h m e n ts such as: M an u factu rin g p lan ts, fr e ig h t depots,
w a re h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il e sta b lish m en ts and c u s to m e rs '
houses o r p la c e s o f b u sin ess.
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck w ith or without h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r
m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and keep tru ck in good w o rk in g o r d e r .
S a le s -ro u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (com b in ation of s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (under IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m ( 1 V2 to and in clu din g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s, o th e r than t r a i l e r ty p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e fo r sh ipm en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is re s p o n s ib le fo r in co m in g shipm ents
o f m e rc h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A kn ow ledge o f shipping p ro c e d u re s ,
p r a c tic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f tra n s p o rta tio n , and ra te s ; and p re p a rin g r e c o r d s of the goods
shipped, m aking up b ills o f la d in g , postin g w eigh t and shipping c h a r g e s , and k eep in g a f i l e o f shipping
r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the m e rc h a n d is e fo r shipm ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s :
V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g oth e rs in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c tn e s s of sh ipm en ts against b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s ,
o r oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eckin g fo r sh o rta g es and r e je c tin g dam aged goods; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e o r
m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; and m ain tain in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and file.s.

F o r w a ge study p u rp o ses, tr u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by s iz e and typ e o f equ ipm en t,
(T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

T R U C K E R , PO W ER

goods

O p era tes a m an u ally c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru ck o r tr a c t o r to tra n s p o rt
and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, o r oth er estab lish m en t.
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re c la s s ifie d b y typ e o f tru c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than f o r k lif t )
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a reh o u sin g duties w hich re q u ir e an understanding of
the e s ta b lis h m e n t's s to ra g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r
m e rc h a n d is e ) again st r e c e iv in g docu m en ts, noting and r e p o rtin g d is c re p a n c ie s and obvious d am ages;
rou tin g m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e lo c a tio n s ; s to rin g , sta ck in g, o r p a lle tiz in g m a te r ia ls in
a cco rd a n ce w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to ra g e m eth od s; re a r r a n g in g and takin g in v e n to ry of sto re d m a te r ia ls ;
exa m in in g s to re d m a te r ia ls and re p o rtin g d e te r io r a tio n and dam age; re m o v in g m a te r ia l fr o m sto ra g e
and p re p a rin g it fo r shipm ent. M a y o p e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru ck s in p e r fo r m in g w areh ou sin g duties.
E xclu d e w o r k e r s w hose p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w o rk (s e e shipping and
r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r, sh ip p in g), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p era tin g p o w e r tru ck s (see
t r u c k e r , p o w e r).

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the la t e s t a v a i la b le b u lle t in s o r b u lle tin s u p p le m e n ts is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in c lu d in g m o r e lim it e d s tu d ie s co n d u cted at the req u est o f the E m p loym en t
S t a n d a rd s A d m i n is t r a t io n o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a i la b le on r e q u e s t .
B u lle t in s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffi c e s sh o w n on the b ack c o v e r .
B u lletin supplem ents m a y be
o b ta in e d w ith o u t c o s t, w h e r e in d ic a te d , f r o m B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e *

F ree
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1974 ___________________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
A lb a n y —S c h e n e c ta d y —T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1 9 7 5 * ________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 3 , $1.20
A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x ., M a r . 1974 2 ____________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
F ree
A lle n t o w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N .J ., M a y 1974 2 _______________________________________ S u p p l.
A n a h e im —S a n ta A n a - G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 974 1 __________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -9 , 85 cen ts
A tla n t a , G a „ M a y 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 5 , $1.00
A u s tin , T e x . , D e c . 1974 __________________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., A u g . 1975 1
_______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 2 , $1.30
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1974 2 ________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
B i l l i n g s , M o n t., J u ly 1975_________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 6 , 65 cen ts
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . —P a . , J u ly 1975________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 0 , 65 cen ts
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 75___________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 *________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 8 , $1.05
B u ff a lo , N . Y . , O c t . 1975 1__________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 9 , 95 cen ts
C an to n , O h io , M a y 197 5 _______ ___________________________________________________________________S u p p l.
F ree
C h a r le s t o n , W . V a . , M a r . 1974 2 ________________________________________________________________S u p p l.
F ree
C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , J a n . 1974 2 ______________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
C h a tt a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1975 1___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 7 , 85 cen ts
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1975------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -3 3 , 85 cen ts
C in c in n a t i, O h io — y .—In d ., F e b . 1975 __________________________________________________________S u p p l.
K
Free
C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t. 1975_______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 4 , $1.30
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1974 _______________________________________________________________________S u p p l.
F ree
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , J u ly 1975__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 7 , 65 c en ts
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1975 1 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 9 , $1.50
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k I s la n d —M o lin e , I o w a - I l l . , F e b . 1975 ____________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
D a y t o n , O h io , D e c . 1975____________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 3 , 45 cen ts
D a y t o n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1975__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 7 , 65 cen ts
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1 9 7 4 1 ____________________________________________________________ 1850- 15, 85 cen ts
D e s M o i n e s , Io w a , M a y 1974 2 ___________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1 9 75_________________________________________________________________________ 18 5 0 -2 2 , 85 cen ts
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o lly w o o d and W e s t P a l m B e a c h —
B o c a R a t o n , F l a . , A p r . 1975 1__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 6 , 80 cen ts
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1 9 7 5 1_________________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 1 , $1.20
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , S e p t. 1975______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 7 , $1.10
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u ly 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 4 , 80 cen ts
G r e e n s b o r o —W i n s t o n - S a l e m - H i g h P o in t, N . C . , A u g . 1975__________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 9 , 65 cen ts
G r e e n v i ll e , S . C ., June 1975________________________________________________________________________ 18 5 0 -4 2 , 65 cen ts
H a r t f o r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 8 , 80 cen ts
H o u s to n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 ___________________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
H u n t s v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1975 _______________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O c t . 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 6 , 95 cen ts
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1975_________________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
J a c k s o n v i lle , F l a . , D e c . 1974 ____________________________________________________________________S u p p l.
F ree
K a n s a s C it y , M o .—K a n s ., S e p t. 1975_____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 5 , 80 c en ts
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l, M a s s . —N .H . , J un e 1974 2 _____________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y ., N o v . 1974 _____________________________________________________________S u p p l.
F ree
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1974 _________________________ ______________________ S u p p l.
F ree
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—In d ., N o v . 1 9 7 4 1 ________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 2 , 80 c en ts
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2 ______________________________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
M e lb o u r n e —T i t u s v il l e —C o c o a , F l a . , A u g . 1975________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 4 , 65 c en ts
M e m p h is , T e n n .—A r k . —M i s s . , N o v . 1974
__________________________________________________ S u p p l.
F ree
M ia m i , F l a . , O c t . 1974 ______________________________________________________________________ _____ S u p p l.
F ree

*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
To be surveyed.




A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *

M idland and O d essa , T e x ., Jan. 19742 ____________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k ee, W is ., A p r . 1975 1____________________________________ — _______________________ 1850-21, 85 cents
M in n ea p olis—St. P au l, M inn.—W is ., Jan 1975 1 ____________________________________________ 1850-20, $1.05
M uskegon—M uskegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1974 2 ________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N assau— u ffolk, N. Y . , June 1975 1 ............................ ............................................................... 1850-39, $1.00
S
N ew a rk , N .J ., Jan. 19751____________________________________________________________________ 1850- 18, $1.00
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1974 2 ______________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew H aven, Conn., Jan. 1974 2 ______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1975 _______________________________________________ _______________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .- N .J ., M a y 1 9 7 5 * __________________________________________________________ 1850-45, $1.10
N ew Y o r k and N assau —Suffolk, N .Y ., A p r . 1974 2 _________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia B each—P o rtsm o u th , V a —N .C ., M a y 1975 ____________________________ 1850-29, 65 cents
N o rfo lk —V ir g in ia B each— o rtsm o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
P
Ham pton, V a .— .C ., M a y 1975____________________________________________________________ 1850-30, 65 cents
N
N o rth e a s t P en n s y lv a n ia , A u g. 1975_________________________________________________________ 1850-52, 65 cents
O klah om a C ity , O k la ., A ug. 1975___________________________________________________________ 1850-51, 65 cents
Om aha, N e b r .—Iow a, O ct. 1975______________________________________________________________ 1850-56, $1.10
P a te r s o n — lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1975 1_____________________________________________ 1850-38, 80 cents
C
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1975__________________________________________________________ 1850-65, 85 cents
P h o en ix , A r i z . , June 1974 2 _________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 197 5 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
P o rtla n d , M a in e, N o v. 1975_________________________________________________________________ 1850-72, 45 cents
P o rtla n d , O r e g .—W ash., M a y 1975__________________________________________________________ 1850-40, 75 cents
P ou g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., June 1975 1____________________________________________________________ 1850-70, 65 cents
P o u g h k eep sie— in gsto n — ew bu rgh , N .Y ., June 1975 1 ___________________________________ 1850-68, 75 cents
K
N
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ick —P aw tu ck et, R .I.— a s s ., June 1975 ______________________________ 1850-27, 75 cents
W
M
D
R a le ig h — urham , N .C ., F e b . 1975 _________________________________________________________ Suppl. . F r e e
R ich m on d, V a ., June 1975____________________________________________ ______________________ 1850-41, 65 cents
F ree
R o c k fo rd , 111., June 19742 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
St. L o u is , M o —111., M a r . 1975 _____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S a cra m en to , C a lif., D ec. 1974 1 ____________________________________ __________ ____________ 1850-19, 80 cents
Saginaw , M ic h ., N o v . 1975___________________________________________________________________ 1850-71, 35 cents
S alt L a k e C ity—O gden, U tab, N o v . 1974 ________1__________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
San A n ton io, T e x ., M a y 1975 _______________________________________________________________ 1850-23, 65 cents
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 19741 _______________________________________________________________ 1850-13, 80 cents
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif., M a r . 1975*______________________ ________________________ 1850-35, $1.00
O
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1975 1
________________________________________________________________ 1850-36, 85 cents
Savannah, G a ., M a y 1974 2 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S ea ttle—E v e r e tt, W ash ., Jan. 1975 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1975 __________________ _____________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Spokane, W ash., June 19742 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S y ra cu se, N .Y ., J u ly 1975__________________________________________ „________________________ 1850-43, 65 cents
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., M a y 1975 1____________________________________________________________ 1850-34, 80 cents
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1975 1___________________________________________________________________ 1850-60, $1.20
U tic a -R o m e , N .Y ., July 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1850-48, 80 cents
W ashington, D .C .—Md.—V a ., M a r . 1975 1___________________________________________________ 1850-31, $1.00
W a te rb u ry , C onn., M a r . 1974 2 _____________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
W e s tc h e s te r County, N . Y . , M a y 1975 1____________________________________________________ 1850-53, 80 cents
W ich ita , K a n s ., A p r. 1975_____________ ______________________ __ ;
_ _______________ __________ Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1850-24, 80 cents
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 19751 _______________________________________________________________________ 1850-32, 80 cents
Y ou ngstow n— a rre n , O h io, N o v . 1973 2 ___________________________________________________ Suppl.
W
F ree

T H I R D CLASS M A IL
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LA BO R

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S
W A SH IN G TO N, D C. 20212
O FFIC IA L BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

LAB -441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
R e g io n I

R e g io n II

1 6 0 3 J F K F e d e r a l B u ild in g
G o v e r n m e n t C e n te r
B o s to n , M ass. 0 2 2 0 3
P h o n e : 2 2 3 -6 76 1 ( A r e a C o d e 6 1 7 )

S u ite 3 4 0 0
1 5 1 5 B ro a d w ay
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 1 0 0 3 6
P h o n e :9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (A re a C o d e 2 1 2 )

C o n n e c tic u t
M a in e
M a s s a c h u s e tts
N e w H a m p s h ir e
R h o d e Is la n d
V e rm o n t

N e w J ers ey
N ew Y o rk
P u e r to R ic o
V ir g in Isla n d s

R e g io n V
9 th F lo o r , 2 3 0 S. D e a r b o r n S t.
C h ic a g o , III. 6 0 6 04
P h o n e : 3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 ( A r e a C o d e 3 1 2 )
Illin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O h io
W is c o n s in




R e g io n V I

R e g io n IV

R e g io n 111
P .O . B o x 1 3 3 0 9
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 1 9 1 0 1
P h o n e : 5 9 6 1 1 5 4 (A re a C o d e 2 1 5 )
D e la w a r e
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a r y la n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V ir g in ia
W est V ir g in ia

R e g io n s V I I a n o V I I I

S u ite 5 4 0
1 3 7 1 P e a c h tre e S t. N .E .
A t la n t a , G a . 3 0 3 0 9
P h o n e : 5 2 6 - 5 4 1 8 ( A r e a C o d e 4 04 )
A la b a m a
F lo r id a
G e o rg ia
K e n tu c k y
M is sis sip p i
N o r t h C a r o lin a
S o u th C a r o lin a
Tennessee
R e g io n s I X a n d X

S e c o n d F lo o r
5 5 5 G r i f f i n S q u a re B u ild in g
D a lla s , T e x . 7 5 2 02
P h o n e : 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 ( A r e a C o d e 2 1 4 )

F e d e ra l O f f i c e B u ild in g
9 1 1 W a ln u t S t , 1 5 t h F lo o r
Ka nsas C ity . M o . 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e : 3 7 4 - 2 4 8 1 (A r e a C o d e 8 16 )

4 5 0 G o ld e n G a te A v e .
Box 3 6017
S a n F ra n c is c o , C a lif . 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e : 5 5 6 - 4 6 7 8 (A r e a C o d e 4 1 5 )

L o u is ia n a
Jew M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
T exas

V II
Io w a
K ansas
M is s o u ri
N e b ra s k a

IX
A r iz o n a
C a lif o r n ia
H a w a ii
Nevada

V III
C o lo r a d o
M o n ta n a
N o r t h D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

X
A la s k a
Id a h o
O reg o n
W a s h in g to n