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Area Wage Survey
Columbus, Ohio, Metropolitan Area, October 1976
Bulletin 1900-68




Preface
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f an O c t o b e r 1976 s u r v e y
o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in th e C o l u m b u s , O h i o , S ta n da rd M e t ­
rop olita n S tatistical A r e a (D e la w a re , F a ir f ie ld , F ran k lin , M adison ,
and P i c k a w a y C o u n t i e s ) ,
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' ann ual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m ,
w h i c h is d e s i g n e d to y i e l d d a t a f o r in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
as w e l l as n a t io n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r a ll S ta nda rd M e t ­
r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n ite d S t a te s , e x c l u d i n g A l a s k a
and H a w a ii,
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m
the n e e d to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a
v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th r o u g h the a n a l y s i s o f (1) the l e v e l
and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , and (2) the m o v e m e n t
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The p r o g ra m
d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in ­
c l u d i n g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g ,
and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g p la n t l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a ls o
a r e u s e d b y the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r ­
m i n a t i o n s u n d e r the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.

ib

C u r r e n t l y , 84 a r e a s a r e i n c l u d e d in the p r o g r a m .
(S e e
l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l
e a r n i n g s da t a a r e c o l l e c t e d a nn ua lly .
In form a tion on e s ta b lis h ­
m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s is o b t a in e d e v e r y
t h ir d y e a r .




E a c h y e a r a f t e r all in d i v i d u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h av e
b e e n c o m p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d .
The fir s t
b r i n g s t o g e t h e r d a t a f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the
s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a t io n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m
in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a ta .
T h e C o l u m b u s s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111., u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f
L o is L . O r r , A ssista n t R eg ion a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r O perations.
T h e s u r v e y c o u l d n o t h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w it h o u t the c o o p ­
e r a t i o n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y da t a p r o v i d e d
th e b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in th is b u l l e t i n .
The
B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n
receiv ed .

Note:
A r e p o r t o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in the C o l u m b u s a r e a
is a v a i l a b l e f o r th e l a u n d r y and d r y c l e a n i n g i n d u s t r i e s ( O c t o b e r
1 9 7 6 ). A l s o a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s o f u n io n w a g e r a t e s f o r b u ild in g
tr a d e s , p rinting tr a d e s , lo c a l - t r a n s i t op er atin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l
t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
Free
c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(See b a ck c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Area W age Survey:

Bulletin 1900-68

February 1977

Columbus, Ohio,
U . S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R , R a y Marshall, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S , Juliu s Shiskin, Co m m issioner

Metropolitan Area
October 1976

Contents

Page

Page

In tro d u ct io n ___________________________________________

2

T a b le s — Continued
“ .
A

T ables:
A.

Earn ings:
A -l.
W eekly earnings o f o ffic e
w o r k e r s ______________________________ 3
A - l a . W eekly earnings o f o ffice
w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ____ 5
A -2.
W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s ______________ 7
A - 2 a . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s — a r g e
l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ______________________ 8
A -3.
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x ____________________ 9
A - 3 a . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , by sex— a rge
l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s _______________________10
A -4.
H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a in t e n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t
w o r k e r s ______________________________ 11
A - 4 a . H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a i n t e n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e rp la n t
w o r k e r s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ------ 12
A -5.
H ourly earnings of m a teria l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 13




E a r n in g s — Con tin ued
A - 5 a . H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s —l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s _____________________
A -6.
A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f
m ain ten ance, t o o l r o o m ,
pow erplant, m a teria l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x ___________________
A - 6 a . A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f
m ain ten ance, to o l r o o m ,
pow erplant, m a teria l
m o v e m e n t , and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x—l a r g e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s _____________________
A -7.
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s te d
f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s ______________

A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B.

15

16

17

18

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y ________ 19
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s __________ 22

For sa le by the S u p erin ten den t o f D ocu m en ts,
O ff ic e ,

W a shington,

D. C.

O ffic e s lis te d o n b a c k c o v e r .
S u p erintenden t o f D ocu m en ts.

20402,

GPO

U .S .

G ov ern m en t Printing

Bookstores,

P rice 75 cen ts.

or

BLS

R e g io n a l

M ake ch e ck s p a y a b le to




Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 84 in w h i c h the U.S.
D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
lated b en efits.
In th is a r e a , data w e r e o b t a in e d b y
a c o m b i n a t i o n of p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e ,
a n d te l e p h o n e i n t e r v i e w .
R epresen tative e s ta b lish ­
m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w e r e c o n ­
tacted:
M an ufactu ring; tran sportation , c o m m u n ic a ­
tio n ,
and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r industry groups ex clu d e d f r o m
t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the
c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E sta b lish ­
m e n t s h av in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of
w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e ca u s e of in su fficien t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s stu d ie d .
Separate tabu la­
t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d iv is io n s w hich m eet pu blication crit e r ia .

( c ) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t , and (d)
m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
In the 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , t a b le s A - l a t h r o u g h A - 6 a p r o v i d e
s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e ra g e hourly earnings of o ffice c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s , in du strial
nurses,
sk illed m ain ten ance trad es w o r k e r s ,
and
u n s k i l l e d pla n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s , m a n u f a c t u r i n g , and
nonm an ufacturin g.
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s ' c a u s e d b y e m p l o y m e n t s h if t s a m o n g e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s as w ell as t u r n o v e r of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in­
c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rth e r details, see
a p p e n d ix A .
A ppendixes

A - s e r i e s tables
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s a nd c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and
p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T a b les A - 1 through A - 6 p r o v id e estim ates
of s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly o r h ou rly earnings fo r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
O ccupa­
t i o n s w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
( a ) O ffice
c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ,

A pp en d ix B p r o v id e s job d e s c r ip t io n s u sed
b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
occu pation.

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. W e e kly earnings of office w o rkers in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1976
W
eekly earnings 1
(standard)
O ccu p at ion and i nd us t r y d i v i s i o n

Num
ber
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours *
(standard

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t- t i m e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f --$

S
80
Mean *

Median *

Middle ranged

$
90

S

$
100

no

$

$
120

130

s

$

140

150

$
160

$
170

$
180

$

$

I
190

200

210

s
220

$
230

$

$

%

240

250

260

i

280

and
under

300
and

90

100

-

*

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

over

3
3
3

9
2
7
1

116
41
75
4

175
63
112
11
6

289
86
203
8
18

257
87
170
10
26

370
93
277
13
19

282
91
191
14
23

289
77
212
9
25

228
58
170
2
14

221
81
140
24
5

162
62
100
19
15

86
42
44
9
3

84
44
40
15
2

89
61
28
11
6

83
58
25
10
1

46
34
12
7
-

22
6
16
13
*

20
14
6
4
-

_

•
-

11
10
1

12
5
7

9
5
4

22
12
10

25
3
22

17
6
11

21
5
16

22
12
10

9
1
8

8
3
5

12
8
4

15
7
8

23
21
2

7
5
2

3
1
2

44
16
28
11

42
12
30
“
9

85
20
65
9

52
13
39
12

65
30
35
11

49
12
37
4

62
26
36
6
2

42
14
28
1
1

26
16
10
1

21
4
17
1

40
26
14
4
6

40
31
9
4
1

15
9
6
5
-

14
1
13
12
*

7
3
4
2
*

55
37
18
15
1

37
27
10
7
-

27
20
7
5
-

7
4
3
1
-

1
1
*

10
10
•

no

ALL WORKERS
$
$
$
$
182.00 176.50 1 5 3 .5 0 - 2 0 3 .5 0
191.00 ie A .0 0 1 5 6 .0 0 - 2 2 1 .5 0
177.00 172.50 1 5 3 .0 0 - 1 9 6 .0 0
209 .50 203 .03 1 7 0 .5 0 -2 3 9 .5 0
174.50 173.00 1 5 3 .5 0 - 1 9 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

2,831
1,000
1,831
179
171

SECRETARIES. CLASS A ------------ ------ -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

216
104
112

39 .0 211 .00
4 0 .0 21 7 .0 0
3 8 .5 205 .50

2 02 .50
216 .00
20 1 .5 0

1 8 0 . 0 0 - 2 4 5 . U0
1 7 6 .00-260 .00
1 8 3 .00-223 .00

.
-

-

.
-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS e ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

622
236
386
35
68

39.0
40.0
39.0
39.5
40.0

197.00
206 .50
191.00
255 .00
178.00

190.50
204 .50
183.00
270 .00
173.00

1 6 6 . 0 0 - 2 2 4 . u0
1 7 7 .00-241 .00
1 6 5 .00-211 .50
2 4 2 .0 0 -2 8 3 .5 0
1 5 5 .00-187 .50

•
-

.
-

-

*

1
1
“

17
3
14
1
-

SECRETARIES. CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------- ---------------------

1,092
489
603
98
57

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
40.0

184.00
189.00
1 7 9 ;5 u
201 .00
172.50

180 .00
184 .00
178 .00
204 .00
175.00

155 .0 0 -2 0 9 .0 0
1 5 5 .00-219 .00
155 .0 0 -2 0 2 .0 0
1 7 5 .50-234 .50
1 5 5 .00-186 .00

•
-

.
-

-

3
3
1

38
31
7
1

95
46
49
10
3

87
26
61
5
4

80
36
44
9

131
42
89
7
7

105
50
55
9
7

106
32
74
9
13

84
29
55
1
7

105
42
63
11
2

74
34
40
10
1

47
23
24
8
1

SECRETARIES. CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------- -------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------— -------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

889
171
718

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

162.50
160.50
163.00
186 .50

162 .00
157.50
162.50
170.50

1 4 4 .00-180 .00
1 4 4 .50-172 .00
1 4 4 .00-180 .00
1 5 9 .50-214 .00

•
•
*

-

3
3

6
2
4
*

77
10
67
“

63
14
49
*

147
34
113
2

122
34
88
10

144
26
118
6

103
16
87
5

93
12
81
•

78
11
67
1

33
8
25
7

14
2
12
8

4
2
2
1

-

-

1
1
1

1
1
1

*

207
81
126

3 8 .5 152 .50
3 9 .5 144 .00
38 •0 1 5 7 . 5 0

140 .00
137.00
142 .50

131 .00-163 .50
1 1 5 .00-161 .00
1 3 3 .50-163 .50

-

•
-

6
6
-

20
20
-

18
4
14

50
18
32

43
6
37

6
5
1

18
2
16

18
10
8

1
1
-

3
3

1
1

7
7

4
2
2

2
•
2

1
1

4
4

5
5

_
-

-

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

514
303
211

39.5
40.0
39.5

179.50
179 .50
180 .00

176 .00
173 .50
180.50

1 5 3 .00-203 .50
148 .50-205 .00
161 .50-199 .50

-

•
-

-

21
7
14

22
17
5

20
13
7

50
49
1

52
39
13

40
13
27

57
20
37

49
15
34

50
30
20

59
36
23

10
5
5

28
19
9

38
32
6

8
6
2

3
3

4
4

3
2
1

-

41

14

TYPISTS. CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----- -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

400
87
313
60

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

152 .50
160 .50
150.50
162 .50

146.00
163 .00
145.00
158 .00

1 3 0 .00-172 .50
139 .00-175 .00
1 2 9 .00-165 .50
144 .0 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

•
-

6
3
3
-

35
3
32
4

57
11
46
6

56
7
49
4

67
10
57
3

41
9
32
16

36
13
23
5

33
17
16
6

24
5
19
8

-

30
-

6
6

3
2
1
1

-

1
1
1

.
-

30
2

5
1
4
4

•

-

-

*

-

TYPISTS. CLASS B ------------------------------- -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

594
74
520

38.5
39.5
38.5

123 .00
142 .50
120 .00

121 .00
137 .00
120 .00

1 0 9 .50-136 .00
1 2 1 .5 0 -1 4 9 .0 0
109 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

13
13

27
27

no

132
12
120

80
17
63

68
10
58

19
3
16

1
1

5
3
2

5
4
1

2
2
“

1
1
*

6
6
*

“

-

*

.
*

FILE CLERKS, CLASS A ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

58
55

39.0
39.0

163 .50
163 .50

149.50
148.00

1 3 2 .50-201 .50
1 3 2 .50-208 .50

-

-

-

6
5

1
1

2
2

4
2

4
4

2
2

1
1

14
14

-

-

16
16

-

-

5
5

-

-

3
3

*

-

*

FILE CLERKS, CLASS 3 ----------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------—
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

295
51
244

39.0
40.0
39.0

127.50
127 .00
127.50

118 .50
120 .00
118 .00

1 0 5 .50-135 .50
1 0 6 .00-153 .50
106 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

11
4
7

67
10
57

79
11
68

42
8
34

29
1
28

4
4

21
15
6

10
10

6
2
4

16
16

1
1

9
-

-

-

•
-

.

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL — --------— -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

I

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
40.0

*

274

S ee fo o tn o te s

.
-

-

118
9
109

117
7

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




3

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

*

*

-

-

.

*

*

*

•
-

-

-

_
-

T ab le A-1. W e e kly earnings of o ffice w o rkers in Colum bus, Ohio, O ctober 1 9 7 6 — Continued
W eek ly earnings
(standard)

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
w ork en

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —

S

$
80

w eek ly
h ours1
(standard)

M ean

^

M edian

*

M id d le range *

s

s
90

s
110

100

s
120

s
130

s
140

160

170

180

190

S

s

$

$

S

s
150

200

210

230

t

$

S

$
220

240

250

I
260

i

280

and
under

300
and

90

loo

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19o

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

over

1
1

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

4

3
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

1
1

-

-

-

-

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$

$

$

102 .00
102 .00

98.00
97.50

90.00-106.00
90.00-106.00

80
76

107
99

89
80

28
27

17
15

-

30
28

*

-

-

•
-

-

38.5
38.0

118 .50
116 .50

113 .00
112 .00

100 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
101 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

11
11

61
51

86
82

73
64

41
40

29
27

20
15

12

6
6

11
11

1

_

9

-

-

-

-

175
131

39.5
39.5

1<*2.5U 1 3 8 . 0 0
1 36 .50 130 .00

114 .0 0 -1 6 7 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 5 9 .5 0

1
1

33
31

15
13

20
13

20
16

15
7

10
7

23
15

6
5

2
1

3
3

.

-

19
17

-

39.5
39.5
39.5

1 31 .50
131 .50
132 .00

1 1 5 .00-138 .00
109 .5 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
118 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

_
-

19
14
5

19
18
1

56
14
42

60
17
43

75
16
59

38
19
19

12
12

5
5

3

1
1

•
-

-

-

k “

1

5
2
3

4
4

N O N MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

305
125
180

“

-

*

-

ORDER CLERKS --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------N O N MANUFACTURING -----------------

<*32
229
203

39.0
39.0
39.0

1<*7. 0 0
1<*5.50
148 .50

143 .00
146 .00
143 .00

126 .5 0 -1 6 2 .0 0
125 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0
126 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

6
6

1

•

65
38
27

54
28
26

85
40
45

46
25
21

44
23
21

31
24
7

16
2
14

4
4

-

-

1
1

4
4

1

46
19
27

6
6

-

13
10
3

ACCOUNTING CLERKS, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING — ---------- — -----N O N M A NUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

532
195
337
7<*
56

39.5
39.5
39.5
<*0.0
39.5

180 .00
173 .00
184 .00
2 10 .50
170 .50

176 .50
156 .00
190 .00
21 6 .0 0
166 .00

1 4 4 .0 0 -2 1 2 .5 0
1 3 6 .00-198 .00
1 4 8 .0 0 -2 1 6 .0 0
1 9 4 .00-222 .00
148 .0 0 -1 9 1 .5 0

-

-

40
26
14
-

45
21
24
1

64
25
39
8

54
24
30
4

24
15

-

21
5
16
-

29
10
19
•
9

26
10
16
6
3

55

-

4
4

31
4
27
2
-

39
6
33
22
1

41
13
28
10
6

1,0 7 3
270
803
39
321

39.5
<*0.0
39.0
39.5
<*0.0

137 .00
144 .50
134 .00
170 .50
130 .50

132 .00
138 .50
130 .00
160 .00
126 .50

120 .0 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
125 .0 0 -1 5 6 .5 0
118 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0
128 .5 0 -1 9 2 .0 0
110 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

10

23
3
20

94
21
73

116
15
101
1
48

170
50
120
10
43

276
52
224

84
27
57
1
22

69
22
47

21
11
10
2
5

19
8
11
1
7

18
2
16
1
13

4
1
3
2
1

2

66

133
37
96
1
21

136.^0

131 .00

115 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
23
10

6

29
26

4
4

"

-

15

11
6
5

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

352
326

38.0
37.5

MESSENGERS 4 --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

358
317

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS --------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSmanufacturing

-----------------------------------------

ACCOUNTING CLERKS,

CLASS B — — —
MANUFACTURING ------------ — — --NONMANUFACTURING — — --- --- — —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------ — ----RETAIL TRADE --------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A

129 .00
129 .00
126 .50

$

-

•

10

-

-

-

10

63

-

4
2

-

9

-

9

7

9

22

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

86
59

39.0
39.5

137 .50
142 .50

133 .00
1 38 .50

1 1 5 .50-138 .50
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

PAYROLL CLERKS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------N O NMANUFACTURING - — ------------------------

168
83
85

39.5
39.5
39.5

165 .00
167 .5U
163 .00

156 .00
166 .00
156 .00

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 9 1 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

-

-

2
2
-

3
— 2
1

22
17
5

18
4
14

6

26
3
23

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------- ^
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

577
163
<*1<*

39.0
39.5
39.0

160 .50
164 .50
159 .00

156 .50
154 .00
158 .00

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 6 9 .5 0
1 3 9 .00-173 .50
1 4 0 .00-168 .00

-

-

4
4
-

29
29

34
8
26

76
34
42

98
30
68

73
15
58

119
29
90

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------- ------ -------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------- -----PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------------

965
196
769
<*7

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5

133 .00
137 .50
132 .00
162 .50

130 .00
134 .00
130 .00
161 .00

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
122 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0

-

21
4
17
-

38
2
36
1

172
40
132
-

224
32
192
6
15

254
55
199
1

10 8
25
83
13

75
19
56
15
10

23
5
18

Kt" 1A iw

1M A U L

""

-

.

3

•

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




4

5

9

*

9

2

5
3

3

7
48
23
5
25
16
9

7
*

-

-

9
9

-

1
1

7

-

•

1
1

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

*

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

5
3
2
-

14
8
6
-

10
6
4
-

3
1
2
2

-

*

-

*

*

-

-

-

-

22 *

8

7

1
7
1

15
11
2

-

-

2

-

-

1
1

2
2

1
1

2
2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

2
1
1

-

•

-

-

1
1
-

-

*

*

-

1
1
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

7
7

10
3

4

25
17
8

7

1
1
*

31
6
25

40
6
34

14
2
12

8
5

6
2
4

32
18
14

-

8
-

-

3

2
1
1

-

8

-

29
2
27
6

8

1
1
1

5
1
4
4

2
2
-

.
-

•
•

-

•
•
-

-

4
4

4

-

-

*

19
8
11

6
2

-

3
3

Table A-1a.

W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rk e rs —large establishm ents in Colum bus, O hio, O cto b er 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

O ccu p at ion and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

weekly
hours *
(standard]

Mumber o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly e ar ni ng s of —
I -------- S
S
S
$
$
S
$
s
$
$
90
160
170
190
100
110
120
130
140
150
180

M
ean *

Median *

Middle range *

$

$

S

$

s

S

$

4

4

%

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

and
under

280

300

-

200

and

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

300

over

•
-

-

46
21
25
1

117
56
61
3

164
44
120
2

169
57
112
12

203
69
134
8

198
57
141
13

188
55
133
9

163
34
129
8

156
70
86
5

121
52
69
14

68
37
31
3

82
44
38
2

80
56
24
6

74
58
16
1

28
25
3
“

14
9
5

19
5
14
*

19
14
5
*

-

ALL WORKERS
SECRETARIES ---------------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING —
RETAIL TRADE ---------

1,918
765
1,153
88

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

$
188.00
198.00
181.00
187.50

$
$
$
183.00 1 5 7 .5 0 - 2 1 2 .5 0
196.50 1 6 1 .0 0 - 2 3 2 .5 0
178 .00 1 5 5 .0 0 - 2 0 0 .0 0
183 .50 1 6 2 .0 0 - 2 1 3 .0 0

-

9
2
7
1

SECRETARIES. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------

98
61

39.5
40.0

237 .00
2 41 .00

241 .00
2 56 .00

2 0 8 .0 0 -2 6 7 .5 0
2 1 3 .5 0 -2 6 9 .5 0

•

-

-

-

-

*

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

365
181
184
29

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

2 11 .50
2 14 .00
2 09 .00
2 68 .50

2 09 .50
2 16 .00
2 02 .50
2 74 .00

1 8 0 .5 0 -2 4 1 .0 0
1 8 0 .00-246 .50
1 0 3 .00-230 .50
2 5 5 .0 0 -2 8 3 .5 0

-

•
-

.
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING -----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

798
All
387
67

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

190.00
194.00
185.50
215 .00

189.00
195.00
185.50
2 15 .00

1 6 1 .00-215 .00
1 5 9 .50-229 .00
161 .5 0 -2 0 7 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0 -2 3 5 .0 0

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

6A5
112
533

39.5
40.0
39.5

164.00
162.00
164 .50

163 .00
157.50
164.00

1 4 6 .00-182 .00
1 4 4 . O 0 - 1 8 4 . 50
1 4 7 .50-181 .00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

62
51

39.5
39.5

140.50
135.50

131.50
119 .50

1 1 5 .00-168 .50
1 1 1 .00-147 .00

•

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING ------------------------

252
202

40.0
40.0

190.50
192.50

195 .50
196.00

1 6 7 .50-217 .00
163 .5 0 -2 2 6 .0 0

-

_

-

_

“

-

*

2
1

10
7

4
3

5
1

6
3

7
5

4
1

8
3

6
3

13
7

14
12

9
9

7
5

3
1

1
1
-

*

*

14
10
4
-

16
5
11
*

26
16
10
*

31
13
18
*

30
13
17
*

30
7
23
*

38
18
20
1

33
14
19
1

20
11
9
*

19
4
15
*

39
26
13
4

36
31
5
4

10
9
1
1

4
4
4

12
12
12

6
3
3
2

3
3
-

15
11
4
-

62
46
16
-

56
19
37
-

54
27
27

-

-

71
36
35
2

78
33
45
9

71
29
42
4

59
17
42
1

94
41
53
11

66
31
35
10

40
23
17
3

55
37
18
15

35
27
8
7

25
20
5
5

4
4
*

•
*

"

10
10
*

“

6
2
4

31
10
21

54
9
45

94
15
79

98
25
73

103
16
87

79
4
75

83
10
73

69
9
60

18
8
10

5
2
3

4
2
2

-

.
*

-

-

•
-

1
1

“

-

-

*

6
6

20
20

2
2

14
9

1
1

1
1

3
*

8
8

1
1

1
*

1

1
1

2
2

1
*

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
1

7
6

10
10

18
18

13
12

18
12

17
10

33
12

36
30

31
27

8
5

19
19

32
32

6
6

3
2
1
1

-

7A

39.0

127 .00

125.50

1 1 5 .00-137 .50

3

5

18

18

13

8

7

1

292
57
235
52

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

152.00
165.50
148.50
158.00

144 .00
169 .00
140.00
156.00

1 2 7 .00-173 .00
1 3 8 .50-177 .50
1 2 6 .00-165 .50
1 3 7 .50-173 .00

-

6
3
3
-

35
3
32
4

42
6
36
6

48
4
44
4

36
2
34
3

28
4
24
16

16
8
8
5

23
13
10
6

14
5
9
1

_
-

30
30
2

5
1
4
4

6
6
-

TYPISTS, CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

2A9
5A
195

39.5
39.5
39.5

123.00
145.50
116 .50

119.00
133 .50
115 .00

109 .5 0 -1 2 7 ,0 0
1 2 1 .00-173 .00
1 0 7 .50-124 .00

15
15

53
9
44

60
3
57

62
12
50

20
8
12

16
3
13

6
3
3

*

4
3
1

4
4

2
2

1
1

6
6

-

.
'-

FILE CLERKS, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

155
135

39.0
39.0

127.50
129 .00

119 .00
120.00

112 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 1 2 .00-131 .00

6
2

24
21

49
42

37
34

12
11

1
1

6
6

3
3

5
3

2
2

1
1

9
9

•

“

.

FILE CLERKS, CLASS C -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

87
71

39.5
39.0

100.00
99.50

97.00
97.00

92.00-1 0 2 .5 0
92.00-1 0 1 .0 0

51
43

29
24

* 4
3

2
“

-

•

_

-

-

.

_

*

*

*

*

*

*

1
1

-

*

*

*

MESSENGERS ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

138
116

39.5
39.5

128.00
124.50

120.00
119 .50

1 0 9 .50-139 .00
109 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

18
14

18
16

32
28

21
20

15
13

7
5

7
7

5
5

8
6

1

•

-

4

2

92
50

39.5
40.0

153.50
146.50

149 .50
142 .50

130 .0 0 -1 7 0 .5 0
130 .0 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

6
4

1
1

5
3

6
4

17
12

11
7

11
3

8
5

10
2

6
5

2
1

3
3

-

-

*

*

6
*

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

220
141
79

39.5
39.5
39.5

182.00
180.50
184.50

170 .50
163 .50
181 .00

1 4 0 .50-217 .50
1 3 7 .00-219 .00
1 5 5 .00-217 .50

-

-

5
5

18
14
4

26
20
6

22
17
5

18
11
7

15
10
5

18
10
6

17
8
9

8
4
4

6
4
2

19
3
16

19
10
9

*

-

-

*

“

*

2
2

•
-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

•
-

-

•

-

-

_
-

•

.
*

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

*

_

1

TYPISTS,

*

-

*

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS
CLASS A -----------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




5

-

_

*

“

-

-

-

*

*

*
-

10
7

3

*

-

-

-

*

*

*

.

-

_
*

-

.

-

-

.

-

•

-

-

-

-

*

2
1
1

.
-

1
1

2
2

8
8

6
6

/

Table A-1a.

W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rke rs —large establishm ents in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1 9 7 6 — C ontinued
W e e k ly e a r n in g s 1

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e ar ni ng s

(s ta n d a rd )

s

A vera ge

90

w e e k ly

O cc up at ion and i nd us t r y d i v i s i o n

s

s

s

s

s

s

s
150

s
160

s
170

s
180

s
190

s
200

s
210

s
220

s
230

s
240

s
250

s
260

S

llo

120

130

140

I
300
and

300

over

1
1

270

280
-

100

2
2

hours1
(sta n d a r d )

under
100

110

120

130

140

15Q

160

170

180

19Q

200

210

220

5
3
2
2

16
5
11
7

27
8
19
10

48
16
32
15

46
15
31
10

32
10
22
11

39
9
30
14

31
13
18
8

13
5
8
5

11
8
3
2

7
7
-

16
2
14
13

2

6

10

8

8

14
8
6

34
15
19

44
16
28

32
11
21

47
24
23

19
6
13

4
1
3
1

8

7

18

21
6
15

10
2
8

8
5
3

45
13
32
-

60
28
32
1

39
17
22
-

28
10
18
10

20
2
18
9

10

8

6

4
4
4

230

240

250

260

270

2

280

1

ALL HORKERSCONTINUEC
ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS B -------- — MANUFACTURING----------------------------- -------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------PAYROLL CLERKS

300
107
193
98
74

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0

147 .50
153 .00
144 .50
147 .50

142 .50
147 .00
140 .00
1 4 4 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0 163 .00
1 2 4 .50-174 .00
1 2 5 .0 0 158 .00
1 2 4 .0 0 161 .50

4 0 .C 177 .00

181 .00

1 5 1 .00-202 .00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A •
MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

254
117
137

39.5
39.5
39.5

166 .00
174 .00
159 .00

161 .00
164 .00
156 .00

1 4 4 .0 0 1 4 4 .0 0 1 4 4 .0 0 -

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING--------------------NONMANUFACTUPING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

277
90
187
35

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

141 .00
149 .50
137 .00
172 .00

136 .00
139 .00
132 .50
169 .00

1 2 3 .0 0 152 .00
1 3 0 .0 0 153 .00
119 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0 183 .50

180 .00
195 .00
177 .00

2

29

2

27

2

24
5
19
-

See f o ot n ot e s at end o f ta b l e s .




6

2
8

-

'

2

1

3
2
1
1

2
2

2
2
-

18
18

1
1

2
2

2
2

T able A -2 .

W e e kly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1976
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
workers

A v#»ra gp
w eekly
hours1
(standard

N um ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e we ek ly earn in g s o f—

%

S

no

M ean i

M edian ^

M iddle ranged

120

S

130

S

140

S

150

s

S

160

170

170

180

i

180

i

190

s

200

s

210

S

220

S

$
240 260

S

s
280 300

S

320

s

340

S

360

S

" 5 -----------

380 400

and
under

and

190

200

130

140

150

160

210

220

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

2
”

7
7

4
4

3
3

4
4

21
19

39
35

4
4

120

240

260

7
5

4
4

9
8

19
13

380 400

over

25
15

4
2

5
1

5
3

1
*

3

3
3

4
4

*

1
1

—

19
15

1
1

*

24
24

*

*

1

1
1

-

-

5
5

2
1
1

340

360

16
13

26
22

36
29

25
24

32
27

17
9

45
39

31
29

26
23

61
56

21
18

36
29
7

8
2
6

280

300 320

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS)* CLASS A ------------N O NMANUFACTURING --------------

$
$
$
$
121 39.0 342.00 340.50 321.50-361.00
89 39.0 337.00 340.00 321.00-355.00

-

-

*

*

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS), CLASS B ------------N O N M A N UFACTURING ----- --------

154
128

38.0 287.00 281.00 262.00-312.50
38.0 281.00 278.50 261.50-305.00

*

*

153
133

39.0 273.50 273.50 254.00-295.50
39.0 275.00 274.50 259.00-297.50

NONMANUFACTURING --------------

387
340

39.0 246.50 241.50 212.00-267.50
39.0 247.50 241.50 212.00-267.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS),
CLASS C ----- ---------NONMANUFACTURING —

154
141

38.0 215.00 221.00 194.50-236.00
38.0 214.50 221.00 194.50-236.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A MANUFACTURING ----- ---- — NONMANUFACTURING ---

133
61
72

39.0 247.50 247.00 209.50-270.50
40.0 243.00 262.50 203.50-270.50
38.5 251.50 242.00 213.00-273.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING -----

374
105
269

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ---------

150
123

39.0 181.50 178.50 160.00-204.00
39.5 186.00 182.00 147.00-209.50
39.0 180.00 178.00 160.00-200.00
39.0 157.00 150.50 130.00-160.00
39.0 155.50 148.50 130.00-157.50

DRAFTERS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ---N O N MANUFACTURING -

211 40.0 267.50 260.00 239,00-297.00
126 40.0 256.00 252.00 234.50-275.00
85 40.0 284.50 271.50 242.00-316.50

DRAFTERS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING

410
233
177

DRAFTERS, CLASS C ------ — --MANUFACTURING -------------

251 40.0 189.00 193.50
160 40.0 179.50 183.00
91 40.0 206.50 219.00
64
40.0 208.00 224.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS),

NONMANUFACTURING --------- ----COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS),

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

PUBLIC UTILITIES
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS
N O N MANUFACTURING I
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS AREGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES -----MANUFACTURING --- -----------------

40.0 211.00 212.50 184.00-230.50
40.0 209.00 212.50 185.00-235.00
40.0 213.50 212.00 180.00-228.00
161.00-217.00
153.00-198.00
187.00-224.00
197,00-224.00

178

40.0 312.00 320.00 303.00-333.00

27

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

8
8

*

*
-

-

-

5
5

•

-

-

•
-

-

-

4

-

4

*

1

8
4

25
23

49
45

21
13

75
68

74
65

6
6

24
22

10
10

10
10

10
5

61
58

-

—

_

•

-

-

-

*

-

*

10
4
6

17
10
7

7
4
3

16
7
9

12
2
10

17
2
15

23
4
19

48
21
27

12
2
10

56
9
47

48
10
38

29
9
20

50
13
37

29
15
14

14
3
11

47
7
40

8
6
2

17
14

21
20

29
26

39
31

5
3

6
1

1
1

2
1

2
*

22
22

2

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

—
9
1
8

25
14
11

1
1
-

3

-

2
2
*

3

7
7
-

17
17
-

26
20
6

22
19
3

27
13
14

46
17
29

36
30
6

33
21
12

41
16
25

16
7

17
13

14
10

22
18

18
13

41
33
8

20
11

19
15

2
2

1

1

-

1

4
4
•

-

-

•

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

•

28
28

-

•

-

-

9
-

—

1

4
4

4
4

5
S

-

-

-

1

4

8

9
5

3

-

2
2

2
2

•

•

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

48
32
16

40
22
18

20
11
9

25
8
17

3
•
3

-

2
2
-

89
52
37

46
40
6

13
10
3

15

2

7

•

2

7

-

4

47
12
35
33

5

2

-

9

24

4

9

-

7

-

4

40.0 307.50 281.50 279.00-346.50

146 40.0 323.50 320.00 320.00-333.00
79 40.0 219.00 218.00 189.00-245.00
68 40.0 218.00 218.00 188.00-236.50

*

27
24

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

-

.

-

__________

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




—

*

*

*

•

*

-

7

•
-

-

15

6

•

-

-

-

-

6

2

-

-

-

-

•
•

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

11

4

6
6

7

11
11

6

4

7
7

17
14

10
7

4
4

4
3

3
3

3

2

11
4
7

-

-

S

6
•
6

•

S

•

-

-

-

•

113

17

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

113

16

-

-

-

-

•

Table A -2 a .

W e e k ly earnings of professional and technical w o rk e rs —large establishm ents in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1976
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
Num ber

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
worken

S

A v e ra g e
w e e k ly

S

no

S

120

S

S

13o

140

1 ------------

150

160

S

170

i—
i—
180
190

200

i—
S
210 220

210

240

T ------------

s

S

240

260

s

$
280

S

S

300

320

S

340

360

s

1 -----------

380

400

400

over

hours1
M ean 2

( s t a n d a rd '

M e di an 2

M id dle ra n g e 2

an d
under

120

and

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

$

$

$

$
11

JH A #D y

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)*
278.00 280.00 264.00-299.50
285.00
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)*
v —f l J J

145

D

N O n M A N U r A L 1 UK I N u

v U "rU

1

U' t K A 1UK 1 f

L L A oJ

1

39.5 246.50 250.00 230.50-267.50
252.00 236.00-267.50

L

A

■■■

1t H j f

v

L A

j j

u

154.50-217.50

107

■■■

” “ ” • * * *

"

I t i 'j J

v

L A

j j

1

NuNnANUi

1

J

11

223.00

" " "

79

215.00

22
27

3

J 3 . 3 y - (, f J . U U

173.00-

A t 1 UK i N o

12

14

1

m

U

W A N U rA v 1U K IN o

16

40.0 270.50 264.00 242.00-295.00

2

203.00 184.00- 222.00
£29.00-286.00
UKAr

1

41

1

l

UKAr

1

20
17

1

64
v

26
24

A

188.00

UKAr 1t n S t

21

o

15
15

8
1

197.00-224.00

n
12
8

15
1

16
12

18
13
5
5

15
1
20
12
8
8

10

18

19
15

6

19

3

35

1
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS A-

144

40.0 324.50 320.00 320.00-333.00
A
A

**0*0

a

11
3

IT .O O

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




8

9

4

113

16

-

-

-

Table A -3 .

A verage w ee k ly earnings of o ffice, professional, and technical w o rkers, by sex.

in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1976
A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )

A v era g e
(m e a n 2 )

S ex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
heurs 1
(standard]

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

M
EN

Number
of
worker.

W eek ly
hour. 1
(standard)

A verage
(m e a n 2 )

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

W eek ly
earnings *
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— CONTINUED
OM
1S 1

3 9 .0

63

1 5 8 .5 0

and

W eekly
hours 1
[standard)

W eek ly
earnings *
(standard)

t e c h n ic a l

MEN— CONTINUED

$

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
50
232

—

N U N M A N U r A v 1U K lN u

1 9 8 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

3 7 .5

1 0 1 .5 0

$

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)•
CLASS A

2 7 5 .5 0

1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

322

H A N U r A v 1UK i N o

90

p r o f e s s io n a l

OCCUPATIONS -

38 • 5 1 1 5 .0 0
38*0 1 1 2 .5 0

Number
of
workers

N U N M A N U r A C I U K lf N C

1 2 1 .0 0
NONMANUr A t l U K I l i b

• • • • "’

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) *

" "

277

1 .0 0 0
1 .8 3 0

1 8 2 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0

2 1 1 .0 0
112

3 8 .5

2 0 5 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 3 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0

305
125

4 0 .0

170
131

3 9 .5

1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0

3 9 .0

2 4 5 .5 0

63

3 8 .5

2 4 2 .5 0

N O N M A N U rA L T U K IN u

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).

U H u tK

L L tK iV j

342

**

MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING

120

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS

A

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

NONMANUFACTURING

N1 4 4 .0N U r A U 1 U K 1 N U
UNMA 0

"

™

1 4 5 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0

■•••••••
. , r-

274
4 0 .0
n t I A IL

N U N M A N U r A C 1 UK I N u

66

1 r\^U L

ACCU UN 1 I r i v

O L u K IV o y

tL A j j

1 .0 2 4

3 9 .5

1 3 6 .0 0

3 9 .0

d

1 3 3 .5 0

UKAr 1t n l y

v L A jj

A

■1 ■

2 6 7 .5 0

t

1 .0 9 1
NUNMANUr A C
97
57

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

n il 1 A 1 L

1 UK I INC

1 N A UC

■
*

85
^

1 2 6 .5 0

■■■■

^.

P in
O AQ

1 7 2 .5 0

P ip * £ n

N U N M A N U r A C 1 UK i N b
1

i f

LLM j j

U

58

" " "

718

N U N M A N U rA C 1U K I N u
j

1 L N U w i 'A t M L n i f

u L P iL K A L

*

81
126

30
3 9 .5

1 4 4 .0 0

patr oll

"•

" "

J L f i i UK

1Tr 1j 1

1Tr
LL Aj j

1O

"

" "

■

A

“

«-

clerks

3 9 .5

, ,

,

1 6 3 lo 0

no nm anu factur ing :

ELECTRONICS TECIINICIANS# CLASS A-*

U r t K A 1U K jy

CLASS

,, ,

r- «

3 2 3 .5 0

A

OCCUPATIONS

m

*■

N U N M A N U rA C 1 U K IN U

4 0 .0

N U N H A ilU r A v, 1 U K ilN U

1 5 0 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0

3 8 .5

1 2 3 .0 0

J1U

594
520

-

W EN
OM

'T

3 9 .5

1 6 2 .5 0

r “ UwK A M M L K j

( Du j IItl j j1 V

3 9 .0

CLASS B

249*0 0

3 9 .5

1 8 1 .5 0

IN A U w

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

85
63

1 2 0 .0 0

J f

L U M rU 1 u K

47
N L 1 A AL

1 6 3 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
N U N M A N U rA C 1 U K IN U

* " " "

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




1 7 9 .5 0

"

H AN U ” A v 1UK I N v

r I L L C L u n l > 3 y CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING

1Q8
148

" "
K tT K U N C M

1 KA Pi j \ ,K I t )

-

"

85
*) 1 L ( i U w ''n r M L H i |

1 3 6 .5 0

40 0
3 9 .5 1 6 3 .0 0
4 0 .0

c -v
AA

9

Table A -3 a .

A verag e w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w o rke rs , by s e x -

large estab lishm ents in C olum bus, O hio, O ctober 1976
A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )

A v era g e
(m e a n 2 )

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Num ber
of
workers

W eek ly
hours 1
standard)

W eek ly
e arn in gs1
(standard)

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

M
EN

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m e a n 2 )
Number

W eek ly
hours *
standard)

W eek ly
earnings *
(standard)

S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS W EN— CONTINUED
OM

$

of
workers

W eekly
hours *
standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).

L t L K i ' J t \,L Ab j D
NONMANUFACTURING

765

4 0 .0

1 9 8 .0 0

88

4 0 .0

1 8 7 .5 0

61

^ L C k L 1A K lL jf

$

W EN
OM
r IL L

NONHANur A v I U

4 0 .0

123

3 9 .0

1 2 9 .0 0

2 4 1 .0 0

FILE CLERKS* CLASS C

r39. 5

K iN b

LLAjb

aan ir a
,n f
NONMANUFACTURING

69

1 2 6 .5 0

A

._ _

,.5 6 .5 0

a rtA
184
29

M ANUr

Av •U K I No * • • • • "* * *

N U N M A N U r A v I U K lN u

797
411
386

2 0 9 .0 0
2 6 8 .5 0

3 9 .5

119

190 00
1 9 4 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0

180
rtC 1AIL
.

1AH 11 > y v L mj j
7
MANUFACTURING

btv H L

1KmUL

®*

J ^ 9 1 6 8 .5 0
39. 5

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 4 9 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0

r

^r-K .r-r

U K A»

1

j

j

vL AJ J v

mmm

""""

i JJ
99

2 2 3 .0 0

1 8 8 .5 0
1 8 3 .0 0

1 6 6 .0 0
1 7 4 ,0 0

51
•

40*0
74

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 1 .5 0

a • .__

OCCUPATIONS -

W EN
OM

1 7 2 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0

288

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPISTS ------------

4 0 .0

-»rv r-

U

N ON M AN U r A L lU K X N G

,r „ ^

'"W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

2 2 0 .0 0
OCCUPATIONS -

\DU j

I r it b .) 1

v

l* L A j j

M
EN

70

A

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




10

3 9 .5

3 4 8 .5 0

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Columbus, Ohio, October 1976
N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly earning s of—

Hourly earnings 4

5
i ---- 3 ---- 3 -----5
1
S
5---- ~s—
s
3
$
S
3.50 3. 60 3.7o 3.80 4. 00 4. 20 4. 4 0 4 . 6 0 4. 8 0 5. 0 0 5. 20 5. 4 0 5. 6 0
Middle range 2

$
5. 80

$
6 .0 0

S
S
5
3 --S
3 ---- T
6 . 20 6. 40 6 .6 0 7.00 7 .40 7 .80 8 .2 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4Q 6. 60

$
8.60

and
under
3. 70

3.80

3

“

*

-

*

1

*

-

-

3
3

.
-

•
“

_

_

3.60

4. 2 0 4. 40

4. 60 4. 8 0 5. 00

5. 2 0

5.40

5. 60

U1
OD
o

Mean2 Median2

o
o

O ccu p ation and in du stry d iv is io n

N L
“of “
workers

*

3

2

7.00

7.40

7 ,8 0

8 .2 0

8. 60

9.00

ALL WORKERS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ---------------

59

$
6 .2 0

$
6. 2 3

$
$
5.55- 7.04

9

*
"

1

4
4

*

3
3
1

-

-

2

5

10

-

6
6

14
12

13
13

13
13

20
20

16
16

39
37
2

107
105
2

81
77
4

29
24
5

71
68
3

58
54
4

64
63
1

9
3
6
6
•

*

3
3
*

9
9
*

27
21
6
5

16
16
-

*

17
16
1
1
*

-

*

*

1

*

*

7

*

-

-

-

3
3

•

-

*

1
*

*

4
4

6 . 0 7 - 7. 80
5 . 9 7 - 6. 9 4

51

6 .6 8

6. 7 5

5 . 9 7 - 7. 2 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

201
191

6.61
6. 5 6

6. 55
6. 55

5 . 8 9 - 7. 3 7
5 . 8 9 - 7. 37

-

.

-

-

-

*

*

2
2

2
2

2
2

*

1
1

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

757
611
146

6. 32
6. 14
7.10

6 .0?
5. 85
7. 05

5 . 4 0 - 7. 05
5 . 3 6 - 6. 4 6
7 . 0 3 - 7. 85

•
-

•
-

-

-

-

-

1
1

5
5
-

15
14
1

541

7. 32
6. 25
7. 32
7. 32
7.55

6.725.977. 3 2 7.327.09-

-

•
-

1
1

-

1
1

6
6

“
-

17
17

1
1
-

*

“

1

“

1

6

*

*

*

•

•

-

-

-

-

*

“

-

-

*

-

*

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------RETAIL TRAOE ---------------------

426
352
52

6. 99
6. 28
7.18
7.34
6. 97

MANUFACTURING------ -----— ---------

78

7.69

8 .1 0
8. 4 6

6.28- 8.46
6 . 2 8 - 8. 4 6

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS --MANUFACTURING----------------------------------—

62
56

7. 55
7. 59

7. 92
7. 94

6 . 2 8 - 8. 4 6
6.28- 8.46

7. 04

-

46
45

33
32

6. 8 5
6. 46

“

29
28

14

8
7

6. 80
6. 6 3

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS -----------------

23
23

2

32
32

455
380

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

3

*

3
44
42

1

12

1
12
10

1

3

*

83
20

*

49
48
-

*

75
74

11
9

-

3

12

-

-

12

20
20

6
6

65
65

8
8

4
4

9
1

58
53
5

8
2
6

57
2
55

55
54
1

66
10
56

*

19
19
*

21
13
8
8
-

286
6
280
276

50
50
19
31

53
3
50
42
8

5
5
*

14

*

-

*

16

40

“

10
9

1
*

1
-

-

4
4

11
11

25
25

2
*

-

43
43

6.90- 8.55

i is

7. 3 2
6. 50
7.32
7. 32
7. 6 5

*

*
-

*

1

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING ----------------------

22 5
198

7.31
7.42

7. 52
7.68

6.28- 8.54
6.28- 8.54

*

*

*

-

*

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

760
75 4

7.61
7.61

7. 5 6
7. 5 6

7 . 3 6 - 8.51
7 . 3 6 - 8.51

•
-

.
-

•
-

.
-

•

-

-

*

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

166
128

6. 79
6. 8 5

7. 02
6.65

5 . 9 1 - 7. 5 8
5 . 9 1 - 7. 7 3

-

-

-

.

_

-

*

*

*

-

*

BOILER TENDERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

120
67

5. 1 6
4 .9 5

5.32
4.88

4.85- 5.32
4.77- 4.88

•

-

-

.

5
5

6
6

3
2

7
6

26
22

6
5

1
-

13
11

5
-

7
2

25
24

26
22

27
26

65
65

7
7

*

24
24

8

8

4
4

25
25

9
9

42
42

2
2

31
31

9
8

198
193

56
56

16
16

26 9
26 9

67
67

9
9

.
*

4
4

9
*

4
4

25
25

3
3

6
6

4
*

18
16

34
12

23
22

9

9

18
18

“

31
31

4
4

48

-

4
4

-

-

8
7

2

2

.

.

_

_

-

-

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




“

11

5
5

-

•
-

•
*
-

11
11

Table A-4a. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments
in Columbus, Ohio, October 1976
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly ea rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 4

s

S

I

s

I

S

s

5 .2 0

5 .3 0

5 .4 0

5 . So 5 . 6 0

5 .7 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0 6 .2 0

5 . 2 0 u nd er
5 .3 0 5 .4 0

5 .5 Q

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

O ccu p ation and in du stry d iv is io n

s

s

5

$

s

s

s

$

7 .2 0

6 . 4 0 6 . 6 0 6 .8 Q 7 . 0 0

7 .4 0 7 .6 0

s

$

s

s

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

B .2 0 8 .4 0

I

s

I

8 .6 0

8 .8 0

U n d er and
5 .7 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

46

45

44
42

12
12

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

20
20

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 . Oft 8 .2 0

8 .4 0 8 . 6 0

8 .8 0

9 .0 0

ALL WORKERS
MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------

356
283

7 .1 4
7 .0 0

$
6 .9 4
6 .9 0

6 . 4 6 - 7 .8 5
6 . 2 8 - 7 .5 9

23
23

maintenance machinists
m a n u f a c t u r i n g --- -----

152
142

6 .9 4
6.88

7 .2 1
7 .1 3

6 . 3 3 - 7 .3 7
6 . 3 2 - 7 .3 7

20

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) MANUFACTURING ------------ ----- —

377
296

6 .8 6
6 .7 6

6 .2 8
6 .2 8

5 .9 9 5 .9 8 -

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) -----------MANUFACTURING ------------N O N MANUFACTURING ---------

133
54
79

7 .1 8
6 .7 9
7 .4 5

7 .4 4
6 .6 5
7 .6 5

6 . 7 1 - 7 .8 5
6 . 2 4 - 7 .0 2
7 .4 4 - 7 .8 5

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTERS ----MANUFACTURING ------ ------

81
78

7 .6 2
7 .6 9

8 .1 0
8 .4 6

6 . 2 8 - 8 .4 6
6 . 2 8 - 8 .4 6

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS
MANUFACTURING ----------------

60
56

7 .5 1
7 .5 9

7 .8 7
7 .9 4

6 . 2 8 - 8 .4 6
6 . 2 8 - 8 .4 6

MILLWRIGHTS ---MANUFACTURING

122
122

7 .4 3
7 .4 3

7 .0 4
7 .0 4

6 . 9 0 - 8 .5 5
6 . 9 0 - 8 .5 5

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) MANUFACTURING ---------------------

188
161

7 .6 6
7 .8 5

7 .8 2
7 .9 4

7 . 3 6 - 8 .5 4
7 . 3 6 - 8 .5 4

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --------MANUFACTURING -------------

644
638

7 .8 8
7 .8 8

8 .3 2
8 .3 2

7 . 3 7 - 8 .5 1
7 . 3 9 - 8 .5 1

20

97
86

7 .1 7
7 .2 1

7 .5 1
7 .5 1

6 .5 5 -

7 .9 3
7 .9 3

-

STATIONARY ENGINEERS MANUFACTURING ------

6 .6 2 -

7 .8 5
7 .5 9

20
8

3
1

4

1
-

71
68

52
48

3

1
1

10
7

-

~
1
4
4

3
3

1
1

5
5
4
4

1

1

16
16

3
2

8
8
-

9
9
-

14
6
8

4
4

12

55
54

-

1
1
4
4

65

2
2
-

8
4
4

17
17

14
14

9

4
4
-

-

40
40

3
2

4
-

6
6

19
18

22
19

13
13

175
170

56
56

2
2

3
3

6
6

7
7
4
-

8
7

1
1

17
15

1
1

8
8

4
3

15
14

-

8

-

8
8

-

1
1

-

25
25

-

-

34
34

2
2

11
11

54
54

-

22
22

247
247

8
8

1
1

13
13

5
5

•
-

40
40

16
16

10
10

5

-

8
-

22
22

10
9

27
3
24

10
10

14

2
2

43
43

1
1

8
8

7
7
-

13

7
7
4
4

1
1

4

11

20

1
1

10
10

3

48
48

83
20
57
57

44
43

7
6
1

4
4
-

3

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




6
1

7
4

71
70

25
24

5
5
-

5
5
67
67

—

•
-

2
2

Hourly earnings of m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1976

2 .8 0

S
3

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—
i --------- 1
S
$
1 --------- $
$
S
1 --------- T
T
.0 0 3 . 2 0 3 . * 0 3 . 6 0 3 * 8 0 4 .0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 * 6 0 4 . 8 0 5 . 0 0 5 . 2 0

3 .0 0

3

.2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .80

41
5
36

72
24
40

44

Hourly earnings 4

$
2 .3 0

$

S

$

2 .* 0

2 .6 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

-

-

16

-

-

-

16
16

S

2 .2 0

O ccu p ation and industry d iv is io n
workers

ALL

Mean 2

Median 2

$
2 ,2 1 3
427
1 ,7 8 6

5 .1 3
6 .3 5

$
6 .4 4
4 .9 1
7 .2 1

--------------------------------------------

488

6 .4 7

T R U C K D R I V E R S . L I G H T TRUC K -----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------

293
187

T R U C K D R I V E R S , MEDIUM TRUC K --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- -- ---------- -- — ------------------

3S5

T R A DE

T R U C K D R I V E R S , H EAVY TRUCK
( T R A I L E R ) ---------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- ---------------------------------------

100

6 .4 4

$
4 .2
4 .5
4 .2
7 .8
6 .1

-

$
7 .8 1
6 .0 0
7 .8 3
7 .8 6
7 .2 1

4 .3 3
3 .7 0

3 .9 0
3 .7 5

3 .5 0 3 .3 5 -

5 .6 7
4 .0 4

-

4 .5 1
4 .5 6

3 .9 5
4 .5 9

3 .9 5 4 .2 9 -

4 .5 9
4 .5 9

-

-

-

7 .0 8
5 .3 9
7 .1 9
7 .7 5

7 .2 1
4 .7 9

-

7 .8 3
7 .0 6
7 .8 3
7 .0 6
7 .2 1

-

-

-

6 .1 1

9
9
0
1
4

$
7 .2 0

S
7 .6 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

27
9
18

226
-

764
15
749

i

4

.2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5*60

6«Q0

6 .4 0

34
9
25

166

60
52

31
19

66

34
132

46

15
14

29
27

59
40
19

238
103
135

101
1
100

-

16

4

13
13
-

32

207
4
203

8

12

'20

1

2

16

-

-

-

-

15

“

5

2

5

8

4

-

*

-

8

125

80

-

32
32

42
32

44
32

28
28

22
21

15
15

4
4

_

9

3

4

1

73

-

.

-

-

-

6

1

-

-

-

-

*

-

20

-

171

1
1

2
1

10
10

4

17

-

2

21
1

.

*

52
52

11

*

10
10

7

4

12
8

3
3
-

-

12

-

-

4

•

-

-

-

9
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

36
24

4
-

-

-

24

-

12

11

-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

5

4

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

-

-

-

“

18

-

2

-

8
8

•

7
7

12

-

-

-

22
21
1

-

-

8

7 .8 1
7 .8 1
6 .4 4

T R U C K D R I V E R S , HE AVY TRUCK
( O T H E R THAN T R A I L E R ) ---------------------------M A N U F A C TU R I NG -----------------------------------------------

197
128

6 .0 9
5 .2 6

5 .8 8
5 .2 1

4 .9 0 4 .8 0 -

7 .7 5
5 .8 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R I NG ----------------------------------------------NON MA N UF AC TU R I NG ---------------------------------------

167
83
84

4 .9 8

4 .6 0 4 .6 0 3 .7 5 -

5 .7 5
5 .5 1
5 .7 5

•
-

-

-

-

-

7
-

-

5 .0 0
4 .9 6

5 .0 1
4 .8 0
5 .0 1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

16

r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- --------------------------------------N ON MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------ ------- — ------------r e t a i l t r a d e -----------------------------------

407
58
349

4 .3 9
4 .9 4

4 .0 1
4 .8 8

3 .6 0 4 .6 3 -

5 .1 5
5 .1 5

-

-

2
-

9
-

-

13
-

21

-

63
-

4 .3 0
4 .5 2

3 .9 0
4 .0 0

3 .6 0 3 .6 0 -

5 .2 0
5 .7 5

-

-

9
9

8
8

21

-

2
2

13

211

12

4

28
3
25
16

63
32

35
35
19

------------

83

4 .5 5

3 .9 5 -

5 .1 9

-

-

-

-

-

11

-

3

2

19

WAREHOUSEMEN ---------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N MA N UF A C TU R I NG ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

1 ,7 1 9
498

4 .0 5 3 .9 9 -

5 .8 0
5 .7 8

24

6
6
-

40
34

25

6
-

87
49
38
5

180

-

22
22
-

25

-

12
12
-

4

5 .8 0
6 .3 2

-

ORDER F I L L E R S ------------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------N O N MA N UF A C TU R I NG ---------------------------------------

16

32

50
5
45

61

62

149
47

71
5

45

156

102

66

39

156

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N MA N UF AC TU R I NG -------------------------------

5
5

55
14

40
19

1A

9
4

-

41

21

RECEIVING

CLERKS

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------R E T A I L T R A DE --------------------------------------------

tn
rv
j

6 .6 8

fo o t n o t e s

6 .8 0

4
-

N O N MA N UF A C TU R I NG --------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------------------ -------

See

S
6 .4 0

$

-

-

6
4
6
7
6

AND

6 .0 0

and
u nd er

1 ,0 4 0
61
979
519
417

SHIPPING

$
5 .6 0

WORKERS

T R U C K D R I V E R S ---------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------N O N MA N UF A C TU R I NG --------------------------------------RETAIL

Middle range 2

o
o

T able A -5 .

.4
.3
.4
.8
.1

4
0
4
1
4

2
8
6
7

5 .6 4
4 .4 8
5 .8 0

6 .1 1

4 .6 0 4 .9 7 -

1 ,2 0 3
445
758

4 .1 4
4 .7 5
3 .7 8

3 .8 7
4 .9 9
3 .5 3

3 .2 5 4 .4 6 3 .1 5 -

4 .9 7
5 .2 5
3 .8 7

-

568
244
324

5 .4 4
5 .1 2
5 .6 8

5 .0 2
5 .0 3
4 .9 1

3 .6 8 4 .2 0 3 .4 0 -

7 .7 9
5 .6 5
7 .7 9

1 ,2 2 1
132

1 ,3 6 4
612
752
235
384

5
4
5
5

.1
.7
.2
.7

4 .9
4 .8
4 .9
6 .9
4 .4

4
6
9
7
3

5
4
5
6

.0
.8
.0
.9

5
6
5
6

4 .9 0

24

-

-

16

32

•
-

4
4

32

-

-

-

4

-

-

8

-

32

61

-

-

-

5 .5 3
5 .3 0
6 .9 6
7 .8 1

-

-

-

-

81
-

62
-

48
-

41
18
23
-

17

-

62
•

50

-

2 .8 0 -

5 .4 0

-

-

33

62

20

4

5

4
4
2
6

.0
.5
.9
.9

0
0
2
6

81

2

at end o f ta b le s .




2
60

-

13

12
5
-

49
131
7

6

7
7

5
13

-

14
*

*

8
-

127
-

8

127

-

8

686
63

4
*

-

200

80
-

17

2

-

200

519
15
504

67
133

450
54

9

51

30
-

15
-

125

80

*

3

2

226
72
154

42
42

7
7

11
11

30
30

34
28

-

19

20
0
12

12
6
6

37
4
33

11
11

5
3

-

-

2

-

*

15
14

10

15

-

14
14

10
10
10

_

6
6

65
7
58
58

-

-

2

2

5

1

221

•
-

7

7

6

12

15

37

4

11

12

41

6

11

8
-

4
4

25

4

1

1
1

3

7

1

6

2

8

10

87
75

39
32
7

36
4
32

35
3
32

7

122

2

4

1

1

*

_

*

-

-

15

-

-

-

30
14
16
5

-

30

2

2

2

36
185
57

44
44

10
10

104
85
19

32
32

0
8
*

52
52

59
59

4
4

-

50

“

108
140
48

-

-

-

-

50

8
8
*

8

14
14

3
3

88

26

28

26

46
46

60

.
-

41
41

*

11
11
-

.
-

-

10
10
-

154

4
4

-

*

154

12
*

54
48

50
27
23
-

11
2
“

-

4
4
-

3

16

2

6

-

-

14

13

-

43

19
-

19

6

3

6

57

33
24
24

153
146
7

1
6

7

93
29

-

720
109
611

-

-

-

7
7

15
15

-

10
10

-

-

20

121

181
95

17

82
27

22
22

130
-

-

82

86

3

55

-

130

-

3

37
49

3
-

-

-

81
81

-

110
20

-

55

-

-

44
29
15
-

203

15

64

81
-

T a b le A -5 .

H ourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rkers in Colum bus, Ohio, O cto b er 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Hourly earnings
Number
of
workers

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s o f—
3-------------3 ------------- S
3
3 ------------- 3 —
3 -------------3
3
3—
■ 1 ---------------1 ------------- 3 —
3 ------------- 3 ------------- 3 ------------- 3 —
2.20 2.30 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4 . 0 0 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.8o 5 .0 0 5.20 5.60 6.00 6.40 6.80 7.20 7.60
S

M ean*

M ed ian 2

M iddle range 2

1 ------------- S

S

$

s

and
u nd er

2.30 2.40 2.6 9 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4 . 2 0 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5 , 2 0

6.40 6.80 7t20 7.60 8.00

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$

$

$

$

153

J
H A r iU r n v 1 U K lIN w

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
THAN F O R K L I F T ) «

v

" —™

(OTHER
XJ

1,073

63

2.30- 2.63

04

411

196

139

15

J

8

5

*

3

1

*

GUARDS!
23

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS

---------

3.288

3.18

2.72

2.52- 3.55
u

• 1"

110

399

762

336

162

70

75

112




88

44

35

70

49

n

58

44

4

J •L J

HL 1A X— 1ftpUL

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

113

1

5

1

14

*

-

-

Table A -5 a .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w o rk e rs —large establishm ents

in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1976
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s of—
S

O ccu p ation and in du stry d iv isio n

of
workers

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range ^

$

S

$

$

$

S

S

$

S

S

S

S

s

$

2 .3 0
M ean2

$

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

2 .5 0

2.6Q

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

-

4

6
1
5
4

1
1

154

64

154
154

1 ---------- 1 ---------- ~ i---------- i

” 5 ---------- ~S---------- S

and
under

2 .4 0

ALL WORKERS
TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------RETAIL T R A D E -------------------

397
132
265
238

$

6 .6 2
5 .8 4
7 .0 1
7 .1 7

$

$

$

7 .2 1
6 .0 7
7 .2 1
7 .2 1

6 .0 7 5 .5 3 7 .2 1 7 .2 1 -

7 .2 1
6 .0 7
7 .5 0
7 .7 9

-

2

-

-

2

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

5

5 .3 8

5 .7 5

5 . 0 9 - 5 .7 5

-

5 .1 2

5 .7 5

4 .5 2 -

5 .7 5

-

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

355
198
157
63

4 .9 2
5 .0 9
4 .7 0
6 .3 6

5 .7 8
5 .7 8
5 .1 0
6 .2 4

3 .8 7 4 .0 1 2 .6 5 6 .1 1 -

5 .7 8
5 .7 8
6 .2 4
6 .3 4

24

ORDER FILLERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

371
269

5 .1 9
5 .1 8

4 .9 9
4 .9 9

4 . 9 7 - 5 .7 8
4 . 9 9 - 5 .4 0

•

-

.

5

8

2

3

*

-

-

-

-

*

SHIPPING PACKERS --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

141
129

5 .7 6
5 .9 4

5 .5 1
5 .5 8

4 . 8 3 - 7 .4 0
5 . 2 9 - 7 .4 0

-

.

•

.

-

-

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

638
331

5 .2 1
5 .1 8

5 .1 0
5 .1 0

5 .0 5 - 5 .4 9
5 .0 2 - 5 .4 9

_

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

644
552

5 .6 8
5 .6 1

5 .6 9
5 .6 8

5 .0 1 - 6 .0 6
4 . 9 9 - 5 .9 5

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------

220
142
78

5 .1 8
5 .5 0
4* 60

5 .1 6
5 .5 2
4 .7 2

4 . 4 4 - 5 .6 5
4 . 5 5 - 6 .0 9
3 . 9 5 - 5 .1 3

130

5 .6 9

5 .5 2
2 .6 7
4 .7 9

2 .5 2 - 4 .0 5
4 . 2 6 - 6 .0 1

113
79

4 .3 6
4 .0 9

4 .3 6
3 .6 5

3 .7 3 - 4 .5 2
3 .3 0 - 4 .4 5

6

-

6

23
12
11

85
75
10

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

12
9
3
3

3

-

-

-

-

1

2

'

4

-

7

1

2

3

9

37

2

-

2

7

5

1

5

2

6

5

8

6

2

7

59

15

6

6

4

•

2

30
24
6

3
1
2

15
15

35
31
4

8

2

7

15

•

7
4
3

-

-

-

-

8

2

7
2

15
2

no
105
5
2

60
18
42
42

140
140

8
8

42
42

59
59

4
4

5
5

•

-

6

-

-

-

6

4

-

2

-

-

.

7

-

21
6

*

-

3

.

5

8
8

8
4

10
10

*

•
-

•

12

*

1

-

1

2

-

-

22
10

-

*

29
27

3
1

20
14

1
1

23

10
10

6
6

3
-

13
13

7
2
5

*

14
12
2

5
•
5

5
5

150
“

-

3

-

-

-

40
40

10
10

11
11

i

63
63

-

-

-

-

15
-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

-

-

-

50
-

-

-

•

-

-

,

-

41
41

-

-

*

17
13

42
27

203
121

151
69

17
17

74
19

22
22

20
-

“

-

8
8

25
25

99
99

55
55

56
53

213
160

39
39

11
11

117
84

•

-

1
1

27
23
4

12
6
6

4
4

23
2
21

51
46
5

12
9
3

16
12
4

*

29
29
-

1
1
“

-

-

-

23

6

-

2

46

9

12

-

29

1

-

359
*

57
“

52
10

51
“

53
4

54
20

55
29

30
13

88
17

72
52

35
30

19
13

58
27

14
14

10
10

56
42

44
44

4
-

•

-

-

-

-

296

-

9

•

-

"

-

.

.

-

9

•
2

6

55
1

1
10

1
-

27
-

•

-

12
10

•

5

17
4

2
137
*

19
17
2

-

2
2
-

10
9
1

2
2

-

-

24

*

-

1

2

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




3

2

5 . 0 9 - 6 .1 3

3 .3 4
4 .9 8

*

4
4

•
-

71

1 ,6 9 4
325

-

3
2

-

133

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTUPING:
PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------RETAIL TRADE ---------------

-

-

RECEIVING C L E R K S --------------------

GUARDS I
MANUFACTURING ----------------

7
2
2

-

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

5
5
5

-

15

-

-

*

•

-

14

-

4

-

-

T a b le A -6 . A verage hourly earnings of m a in ten a n c e , to o lro o m , p o w e rp la n t, m a te ria l m o vem en t
and custodial w o rke rs , by sex, in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1976
S ex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
workers

A vera ge
(m ea n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

Number
of
woikers

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

A vera ge
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

$

59
455

n A • N 1L A N v L

6.20

$

6e80

TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED

1,211

51

r A IN I LK j

100
191

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
M A N U r A t 1U K i N o

(MACHINERY) -

6.56

757

6*32

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS '(OTHER
THAN FORKLIFT)J
68

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
"

N U N H A N U T A t 1 UK i N v

• • • • • • • • • • • ■ ■ “■*■■

N O n n A N U r A v 1 U H I N vj

4.56

5.28

"

‘ J

D H O

n A L n iN lb 11

0
©
•4 O ' P

M A IN lt N A N l^ t

A verage
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

7.08
5.39

■
m

b V A A ——

*17

I,. A 1/a ,

6.68

1 * 357

NONHANUFACTURING
GUARDS!

3.00
* .00

157

M ANU r A L 1U K lN U

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
1 UH

5*1
115

V tn 1L L tb f

M A N U r A t 1 U K I N vj

m—

6.99
6.28

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK

JA N I T O H b *

197

r (J H T tH b i

ANu

6.09
N U N M A liU r A t 1 UH 1 N O

H t1A 11

2,595
*79

t L t A N tK 3

K ti

1NA U t

A 1t

3.16
*.36

" 1“
m

1m AUt

78
77
M A N U r A t 1 U H 1 Nw

"• *

*/3B
4.59

7«->9
ML 1 A I L
j n l r r 1N U

M ANU r A C 1UK I N o

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS

(TOOLROOM)

A liU

1K A U L

" " " " " "

K L t t i V IN u

m

t t u f 'i 'i

m
" "

"

*.C1

-

1*195
M ANU r A C 1 U K I N o

U K U trr r I L L t K o

—

—

• "• * • * ■ *

357

4 56
*•90

2,213
*27

6.11
5.13

*88

207

*.95

7.27
6.*7

r A t^ iL n J

HA 1t K 1 A L

67

*>n 1 r r 1 I.U

n A N U L lN w

LAuU KL“ j

■■■

51

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
„ « n » ,,r n r
M ANU r A t 1 UK l l r u

NQNMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES




N U N M A N U rA C IU W 1N U
N 1 1A 11

3*7

1 K A UL

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

16

■

5.*3

RLI A IL

1 KA U t

—

••••••••••••■••

" H1

™IB B 1




T a b le A -6 a . A verag e hourly earnings of m ain ten a n c e , to o lro o m ,
p o w e rp la n t, m a te ria l m ovem ent, and custodial w o rkers, by s e x large establishm ents in Colum bus, O hio, O ctober 1976
S ex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A vera ge
(m e a n * )
hourly
earnings4

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
356

$
NUNHANUr A b l U K l N U
HI. I n i 1.

1 r\AU w

6 94

*j j

60
552

7 .5 9

M f l N U r A v 1U K * N u

T ii

73
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS

(TOOLROOM) -

188

7 .6 6
n A flU r A v 1U K I N o

■ "

" " " "

" " "

NONMANUFACTURINGt
n C. 1 A A ^

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

1,C UL
A

■ ■
i

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - W
OMEN

1 K w\<n U i ' 1 V t ” J

A A»

1 r< A U &

See fo o tn o te s

® 1

1 UK b f

at end o f t a b le s .

17

r U i' 1l K i f

A riU

l /L C AINuK J

“

5 .A 8

Table A -7.

Percent increases in average hourly earnings fo r selected

occupational groups, adjusted fo r e m p lo ym e n t shifts.
in Colum bus, Ohio, for selected periods
Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l group
(m en and w o m e n c o m b in e d )

O c t o b e r 1972
to
O c t o b e r 1973

O c t o b e r 1973
to
O c t o b e r 1974

O c t o b e r 1974
to
O c t o b e r 1975

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
______________________________
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _ _ _ _ _
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g _ _
__
____
____
In d u stria l n u r s e s _ _ _ _ _ _
__
S k illed m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s * * __ ___ _ _ _ _ _ ____
U n skilled plant w o r k e r s * * _____ ______ _____ ______

6. 6
6. 5
8. 0
7.7

8. 6
8.4
9. 5
8. 7
9.8

10.0
6.6
10.0
9. 5
8.9

6.6
6.2
7.2
7. 3
8.0

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
__ _______________
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . _ _____ _ ___
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g __
_ _ _ ______
In d u strial n u r s e s __
__
_ _ _____ _ _ _
_ ___
S k illed m ain te n a n ce t r a d e s * * ________ ____________
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s **
. _____
_____

6.4
❖
6.5
7.5
7.7

7.9
***
8.3
9.2
9.0

8.4

7.2

9.8
10.3
8 .4

6.6
7.5
9.0

N on m an u factu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l __ ____
_
__
______
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g _
_ _ _ ___
In d u s tria l n u r s e s ____ ____ ____________ _______i______
S k illed m a in te n a n ce tr a d e s * * _________________
U n sk illed plant w o r k e r s * * _____ ____________________

6. 7
❖
***
***
7.3

8. 9
7.7

10.7
6.2
***

***

9.2

***
7.5

*

P ercen t
D a ta do

6.3
6.2

Data not a v a ila b le .

**
***

sjes[e>
lc

10.5

O c t o b e r 197 5
to
O c t o b e r 1976

i n c r e a s e s f o r p e r i o d s e n d in g p r i o r
n ot m e e t p u b lic a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

to

1976

r e la te

to m e n

o n ly .

Footnotes
1 Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir re g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at re g u la r a n d '/or p re m iu m r a t e s ), and the ea rn in g s c o r re s p o n d
to these w eek ly h ou rs.
2 The m ean is com p u ted fo r each jo b by tota lin g the ea rn in g s o f a ll w o rk e rs and d ivid in g by the nu m ber o f w o r k e r s .
Th e m ed ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h alf o f the e m p lo y e e s su rv ey ed r e c e iv e m o re
and half r e c e iv e l e s s than the rate show n.
The m id d le range is d efin ed by 2 ra te s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s ea rn l e s s than the lo w e r o f th ese ra te s and a fou rth e a rn m o r e than the h igh er rate.
3 E arn ings data re la te on ly to w o rk e rs w h ose sex id e n tifica tio n w as p ro v id e d by the esta b lish m e n t.
4 E x clu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s, and late sh ifts.




18

Appendix A
A r e a w age and re la te d b en efits data a re obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s
o f B u reau fie ld r e p re s e n ta tiv e s at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 In each o f the in te r ­
vening y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p loym en t and o ccu p a tion a l ea rn in g s is c o l ­
le c te d by a com b in a tion o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u estion n a ire, and telephon e
in terv iew fr o m e sta b lish m e n ts p a rticip a tin g in the p r e v io u s su rv ey .

d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s w ithin the sc o p e o f the su rv e y , are
not p re se n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b e c a u se e ith er (1) em p loym en t in the
occu p a tio n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p resen ta tion , o r
(2) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u al esta b lish m en t data.
Sepa­
rate m e n 's and w o m e n 's ea rn in g s data a r e not p re se n te d when the n um ber o f
w o r k e r s not id en tified by sex is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w om en
id en tified in an occu p a tion .
E a rn in gs data not shown s e p a ra te ly fo r in du stry
d iv is io n s a r e in clu d ed in data fo r all in d u stries com bin ed .
L ik e w is e ,
data a r e in clu d ed in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n when a s u b c la s s ific a tio n o f
e le c t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo r ­
m a tion to s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .

In ea ch o f the 84 1 a r e a s c u r re n tly su rv ey ed , data are obtain ed fr o m
2
re p re s e n ta tiv e e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin six b roa d in du stry d iv is io n s : M an ufac­
tu rin g; tr a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s ; w h olesa le
tra d e; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s .
M ajor
in d u stry g rou p s e x clu d ed fr o m th ese studies a re g overn m en t op e ra tio n s and
the co n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E sta b lish m en ts having fe w e r than
a p r e s c r ib e d n um ber o f w o r k e r s a re om itted b e c a u se o f in su fficie n t e m p lo y ­
m ent in the o ccu p a tio n s studied. Separate tabu lation s are p rov id ed f o r each
o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w hich m eet p u blica tion c r it e r ia .

O ccu p a tion a l em p loym en t and ea rn in g s data a re shown fo r fu ll-tim e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ired to w ork a r e g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le. E a rn in gs data
e x clu d e p re m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h olid a y s , and
late sh ifts. N on production b on u ses a r e ex clu d ed , but c o s t - o f - li v i n g a llow a n ces
and in cen tive b on u ses a re in clu d ed . W eekly h ours fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l and
p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu p a tio n s r e fe r to the standard w orkw eek
(rou n ded to the n e a r e st h alf hour) fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e reg u la r
s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e at reg u la r a n d /o r
p re m iu m r a te s ). A v e ra g e w eek ly earn in g s fo r th ese occu p a tion s are rounded
to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .

T h e se s u rv e y s a re con d u cted on a sam ple b a s is .
The sam pling
p r o c e d u r e s in v olv e d eta iled stra tifica tio n o f a ll esta b lish m en ts within the
sc o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a re a su rv ey by in d u stry and n u m ber o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is stra tifie d u n iv e r se a p r o b a b ility sam ple is s e le c te d , w ith each
esta b lish m en t having a p re d e te rm in e d ch a n ce o f s e le c tio n . To obtain optim um
a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o rtio n o f la rg e than s m a ll e s ta b ­
lish m en ts is s e le c t e d .
When data a re co m b in e d , ea ch esta b lish m en t is
w eigh ted a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f s e le c tio n , so that unbiased e stim a te s
are g en era ted .
F o r ex a m p le, if one out o f fou r esta b lish m en ts is s e le c t e d ,
it is given a w eigh t o f fou r to r e p re s e n t it s e lf plu s th re e o th e r s . An altern ate
o f the sa m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is ch osen in the sam e in d u s tr y -s iz e c l a s s i ­
fica tio n i f data a re not av ailab le fr o m the o r ig in a l sam ple m e m b e r . If no
su itable substitute is a v a ila b le , additional w eigh t is assig n ed to a sam ple
m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

T h e se su rv e y s m e a s u re the le v e l o f occu p a tion a l earn in gs in an a rea
at a p a rticu la r tim e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u al occu p a tion a l a v e ra g e s o v e r
tim e m ay not r e fle c t e x p e cte d w age ch a n g e s. The a v e r a g e s fo r in dividu al jo b s
a re a ffe c te d by changes in w ag es and em p loym en t p a ttern s. F o r ex a m p le ,
p r o p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s em p lo y e d by h ig h - o r low -w a g e fir m s m ay ch a n ge, o r
h igh -w a g e w o r k e r s m ay advance to b e tte r jo b s and be re p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such sh ifts in em p loym en t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
pa tion al a v era g e even though m o s t esta b lish m en ts in an a rea in c r e a s e w ages
du rin g the y e a r .
C hanges in ea rn in g s o f occu p a tion a l g ro u p s, shown in table
A - 7 , a re b e tte r in d ic a to rs o f w age tren d s than are ea rn in gs ch a n ges fo r
in d iv id u al jo b s w ithin the g ro u p s.

O ccu p a tion s and earn in g s
O ccu p a tion s s e le cte d fo r study are co m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f m a n u fa c­
tu ring and n onm an ufacturin g in d u str ie s , and a re o f the fo llo w in g ty p es:
(1) O ffice c le r i c a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m a in ten a n ce, t o o lr o o m ,
and p ow erp la n t; and (4) m a te r ia l m ov em en t and c u s to d ia l. O ccu p ation a l
c la s s ific a t io n is b a sed on a u n iform set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d esig n ed to take
accou n t o f in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a ria tion in duties w ithin the sam e jo b . O c c u ­
pation s s e le c t e d f o r study a re lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B. U n less
o th e rw is e in d ica te d , the earn in g s data follow in g the jo b title s are fo r a ll
in d u strie s c o m b in e d .
E arn in gs data fo r som e o f the occu p a tion s lis te d and

A v e ra g e earn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , areaw id e e stim a te s . In d u stries
and e sta b lish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b staffin g, and thus con trib u te
d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s fo r ea ch jo b .
P ay a v e r a g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a te ly the w age d iffe r e n tia l am ong jo b s in in dividual e sta b lish m en ts.
A v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le cte d occu p a tion s should
n ot be assu m ed to r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the se x e s within in dividu al
e sta b lis h m e n ts.
F a c to r s w hich m ay con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in clu de p r o ­
g r e s s io n w ithin e sta b lis h e d rate r a n g es (on ly the r a te s paid incu m bents are
c o lle c te d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific du ties w ithin the g e n e ra l su rv ey jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th ese su rv e y s
u su a lly a re m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al esta b lish m en ts
and a llow fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific du ties
p e r fo r m e d .

1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Austin, T ex .; Binghamton, N .Y . — a .; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—
P
Hollywood and West
Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, Fla.; Lexington—
Fayette, K y .; Melbourne—
Titusville—Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—
Virginia
Beach-Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. — C .; Poughkeepsie-Kingston—
N.
Newburgh, N. Y . ; R aleighDuriiam, N .C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N. Y . ; Utica—
Rome, N <Y.; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department o f Labor.




19

O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a ll e s ta b ­
lish m en ts within the sc o p e o f the study and not the n um ber actu a lly su rv e y e d .
B e ca u se o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re s am ong e sta b lish m e n ts d iffe r , e stim a te s o f
occu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lish m en ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese
d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the ea rn in g s data.

W age tre n d s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s

The p e rce n t in c r e a s e s p re se n te d in table A -7 are b a sed on ch a n ges
in a v e ra g e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r e sta b lish m e n ts r e p o rtin g the tren d jo b s in both
the c u r re n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tch ed e sta b lis h m e n ts).
The data are
a d ju sted to re m o v e the e ffe c t s on a v era g e ea rn in g s o f em p loym en t sh ifts
am ong e sta b lish m en ts and tu rn ov er o f e sta b lish m e n ts in clu d ed in su rv ey
s a m p le s.
The p e r ce n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r, are s t ill a ffe c te d by fa c to r s
oth er than w age in c r e a s e s .
H irin g s, la y o ffs , and tu rn ov er m a y a ffe c t an
e sta b lish m en t a v e ra g e fo r an occu p a tion when w o r k e r s are paid u nder plans
p rov id in g a ran ge o f w age ra te s fo r in d iv id u al jo b s .
In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d
h irin g , fo r ex a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s en ter at the bottom o f the ra n ge,
d e p r e s s in g the a v e ra g e w ithout a change in wage r a te s .

E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):

S killed m a in ten an ce (m en
and w o m e n ):

C om p u ter s y ste m s
a n a ly s ts , c la s s e s
A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
C om p u ter o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C

C a rp e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in te rs
M a ch in ists
M e ch a n ics (m a ch in ery )
M e ch a n ics (m otor v eh icle)
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and die m a k ers

In d u stria l n u r se s (m en and
w o m e n ):
R e g is te r e d in d u stria l
n u r se s

U n skilled plant (m en and
w o m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a te ria l handling la b o r e r s

P e r c e n t ch a n g es fo r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in the p ro g ra m are com pu ted
as fo llo w s :
1. E ach o ccu p a tio n is a s sig n e d a w eight b a sed on its p r o ­
p ortion a te em p loy m en t in the occu p a tion a l grou p in the
b a se y e a r .
2.

The p e r ce n t ch a n ges re la te to w age ch a n ges betw een the in d icated
d a te s.
When the tim e span betw een su rv e y s is oth er than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a re show n.
(It is assu m ed that w ag es in c r e a s e at a constan t rate
betw een su r v e y s .)
O ccu p ation s u sed to com pu te w age tren d s a r e :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and
w o m e n ):

O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and
w o m e n )----C ontinued

S e c r e ta r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e ra l
S ten og ra p h ers, s e n io r
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen gers
S w itch board o p e r a t o r s
O rd e r c le r k s

A ccou n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
B oo k k e e p in g -m a ch in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a ch in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B

T h ese w eigh ts a r e u sed to com pu te grou p a v e r a g e s .
E ach o c c u p a t io n 's a v e ra g e (m ean) ea rn in g s is m u ltip lied
by its w eigh t.
The p ro d u cts a re totaled to obtain a
grou p a v e r a g e .

3.

The ra tio o f grou p a v e r a g e s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com p u ted by dividing the a v e ra g e fo r the c u rre n t y ear
by the a v e ra g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The resu lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e rce n t— le s s 100 is the p e r ce n t change.

F o r a m o r e d eta iled d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od u sed to com pu te th ese
w age tr e n d s, see "Im p rov in g A r e a W age S u rvey In d ex es, " M onthly L a b or
R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s




T ab u lation s on s e le c te d esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su pplem en tary
w age p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a re not p r e se n te d in th is bu lletin . In fo r ­
m a tion fo r th ese ta bu la tion s is c o lle c t e d at 3 -y e a r in te r v a ls . 1 T h ese tabu­
lation s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e rie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift
d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch edu led w eek ly h ou rs and d a y s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a ca tion s;
and health, in s u r a n ce , and pen sion plans are p r e se n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b les)
in p r e v io u s b u lletin s fo r th is a rea .
1 Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.

A p pendix tab le 1. Establishm ents and w orkers w ith in scope of survey and num ber studied
in Colum bus, O h io ,1 O ctober 1976
In du stry d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h m e n ts in s c o p e
o f study

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N um ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W ithin s c o p e o f study 4
W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercent

ALL ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL DIVISIONS -----------------------------------------------------------

.

914

198

MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------------------------------- —
NONMANUFACTURING---------------- -------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION, ANO
OTHER PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5 ---------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE6 ----------------------------- — ----------------------R E T A it TRADE --------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, ANO REAL ESTATE6 -------------SERVICES6 7------------------------------------------------------------------------

50
*

288
626

85
113

90 » 642
1 2 0 ,9 7 7

43
57

5 4 ,8 8 3
6 0 ,7 2 6

50
50
50
50
50

63
96
224
103
140

17
13
34
19
30

1 7 ,3 6 5
9 ,1 6 7
4 7 1656
1 9 ,5 2 0
2 7 ,2 6 9

8
4
23
9
13

1 2 ,8 7 8
2 .5 9 1
2 3 ,5 7 6
1 1 ,3 6 2
1 0 ,3 1 9

67

55

9 9 ,5 6 0

100

8 8 ,0 0 0

54
46

4 4 .0 1 1
4 3 ,9 8 9

10
1
20
9
5

1 0 ,2 5 3
580
1 8 ,7 2 9
9 ,0 9 7
5 .3 3 0

. J

2 1 1 ,6 1 9

....

100..

____

1 1 5 ,6 0 9

LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL DIVISIONS ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION, c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
OTHER PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5 ---------------------------------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 -------------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------------------------------------f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6 -------------s e r v i c e s 6 7------------------------------------------------------------------------

500
•

40
27

31
24

5 3 ,9 1 8
4 5 ,6 4 2

500
500
500
500
500

4
1
12
6
4

4
1
9
6
4

1 0 ,2 5 3
580
2 0 ,3 8 2
9 ,0 9 7
5 ,3 3 0

1 T h e C o lu m b u s Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and B u dget through F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f D e la w a r e , F a ir fie ld ,
F r a n k lin , M a d is o n , and P ic k a w a y C o u n tie s .
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu d y" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s ize
and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y . E s tim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r em p lo y m e n t in d ex es to m e a s u r e em p loym en t
tren d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll esta b lish m en ts
a re e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 Th e 1967 e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es all e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the area) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s such as tra d e,
fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te rs a re c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es all w o r k e r s in all e s ta b lis h m e n ts with to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a rea ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n a re ex c lu d e d .
The l o c a l- t r a n s it sy s te m fo r
the c ity o f C olu m bu s is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d and is ex clu d e d by d e fin itio n fr o m the s c o p e o f the stu dy.
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s ” and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data is not m ad e f o r one
o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t is to o sm a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it
s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in divid u al es ta b lis h m en t data.
7 H o te ls a n d /'fn o te ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip
o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




21

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

The p r im a r y p u rp ose o f p rep a rin g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s is t
its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p rop ria te occu p a tio n s w o r k e r s who are em p lo y e d under a v a r ie ty o f
p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w ork a rra n g em en ts fr o m e sta b lish m en t to esta b lis h m e n t and fr o m a rea to
area.
T h is p e r m its the grou pin g o f occu p a tio n a l w age ra te s re p re s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b content.
B eca u se o f this em p h a sis on in teresta b lish m en t and in te r a r e a c o m p a ra b ility o f o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the
B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r sig n ifica n tly fr o m th ose in u se in in d iv id u al e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose
p r e p a r e d fo r oth er p u r p o s e s . In applying th ese jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s are
in stru cte d to ex clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tice s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h an dicapped,
p a r t -t im e , te m p o ra ry , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y— Continued

A s sig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o rm a lly to one in div id u al.
M ain­
tain s a c lo s e and h ighly r e s p o n s iv e rela tion sh ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W orks fa ir ly in depen den tly r e c e iv in g a m inim um o f d eta iled
s u p e rv isio n and gu id an ce.
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l d u ties,
u su ally in clu din g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f co m p a ra b le
n ature and d iffic u lty .
The w ork ty p ic a lly r e q u ir e s kn ow led ge o f o ffic e routine
and understan din g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s re la te d to
the w ork o f the s u p e r v is o r .

a.
a n sw ers routine
p erson s;

E x clu s io n s
R e c e iv e s teleph on e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in co m in g m a il,
in q u ir ie s , and rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
Not a ll p o s itio n s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r ­
a c t e r is t ic s .
E x a m p les o f p o s itio n s w hich a re e x clu d ed fr o m the d efin ition are
as fo llo w s :

b. E s ta b lis h e s,

and r e v ise s the su p e r v iso r 's file s ;

a. P o s itio n s
M aintains the s u p e r v is o r 's ca len d a r and m a k es appointm entss cas e d a b ove;
d e r ib

c.
in stru cted ;
d.

m ain tain s,

R ela y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

b.

s u p e r v is o r to su b ord in a tes;

e. R ev iew s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m em ora n d u m s, and r e p o rts p r e p a r e d by
oth ers fo r the s u p e r v is o r 's sign ature to a s s u re p r o ce d u r a l and ty p og ra p h ic
accu racy;
f.

s io n a l,

do

not m e e t the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e ta r y con cep t

S ten og ra p h ers not fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e t a r ia l-t y p e d u ties;

c . S ten og ra p h ers se rv in g as o ffic e a s sista n ts to a group o f p r o f e s ­
te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d. S e c r e ta r y p o s itio n s in w hich the d u ties a r e e ith er substantially
m o r e routine o r su bsta n tially m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th ose c h a r ­
a c te r iz e d in the d e fin ition ;

P e r fo r m s sten og ra p h ic and typing w o rk .




w hich

B eginning with ca len d a r y ea r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u reau has grou p ed o c cu p a tio n s studied in its
a r e a w age su rv e y s into jo b fa m ilie s in o r d e r to p re se n t in fo rm a tio n on re la te d o c cu p a tio n s in seq u en ce.
Job fa m ilie s have not been title d , h o w e v e r, sin ce doing so m igh t have added ex tra n eou s e le m e n ts to the
jo b m a tch in g p r o c e s s .
The B u reau has a ls o r e v is e d s e v e r a l o ccu p a tio n a l t itle s .
w o rd o r d e r and are m o r e d e s c r ip tiv e o f the su rv ey jo b s .

22

The title s m o r e n e a r ly r e fle c t usual

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued
C lass

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n t in u e d

C

e.
A s s is ta n t-ty p e p osition s w hich
re s p o n s ib le tech n ica l, adm inistrative, s u p e rv is o ry ,
d u t ie s w h i c h a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .

in volve m o r e difficu lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
or sp ecia lized c le r ic a l
s i b i l i t y i s n ot e q u i v a l e n t to o n e o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in the d e f i n i t i o n
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and i s u s u a l l y d i v i d e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e
o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r tw o ; o r
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
T h e t i t le " v i c e
2 . S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
p r e s i d e n t , " th o u gh n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not in a l l c a s e s
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 5, 000
iden tify such p o s it io n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
persons.
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y
i n d i v i d u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m i n i s t e r i n d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C lass D
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta f f) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r h e ad o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p l y i n g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r th an ab out 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; cm
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in istra tiv e o f f i c e r , o r assista n t, sk illed tech n ician , o r ex p ert.
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r
th an 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 2 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s .

C lass

B

P r i m a r y du ty i s to ta k e d i c t a t i o n u s i n g s h o r t h a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d i c t a t i o n .
M a y a ls o type f r o m w ritten co p y .
M ay operate fr o m a steno­
g rap hic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a l ly t r a n s c r ib e f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r i m a r y
du ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p i s t ) .
N O T E ; T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m th at o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n l y o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .

1. S e c r e t a r y t o the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th an the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e ith er a m a j o r c o rp o ra tio n w id e fun ction al a ctivity ( e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a tio n s , in d u stria l r e la tio n s , etc.) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y „to the h e a d o f an i n d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e ad o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f te n i n v o l v i n g a s m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 25 , 000 p e r s o n s .




Stenographer, G eneral

keep

D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y .
May m ain tain f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h d r r e l a t i v e l y ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
S ten og rap h er, Sen ior

D i c t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u ch
a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o s e t up and
m ain tain f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r f o r m s ste n o g ra p h ic du ties re q u ir in g sign ifican tly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , a s e v i d e n c e d b y the
follow in g:
W o r k r e q u i r e s a hig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w ork flow , etc.
U s e s th is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as m a i n t a i n i n g f o l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and r o u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g
r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .

T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E TY P IST

SW ITC H B O AR D O P E R A T O R

P r i m a r y du ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l ro u tin e
voca b u la ry from tran scrib in g -m a ch in e re c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n
c o p y and d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g
a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h as l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not i n c l u d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in
s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

O p e r a t e s a t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d with a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m t o r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u t g o i n g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
ca lls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s i d e s o p e ra tin g a teleph on e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(typ in g o r r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and i s u s u a l l y p e r f o r m e d w h i le at th e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ief
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than on e o p e r a t o r a r e
exclu ded.
F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a l s o a c t s a s a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w i t c h b o a r d
O p era tor-R ecep tion ist.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a t i o n s have b e e n m a d e by a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M ay in clud e
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o ­
cesses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g lit tle s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h as
k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g ' r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
in com in g m ail.
C lass A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
T y p in g m a t e r i a l
in f i n a l f o r m w h e n it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , pu n c tu a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r pla n n in g la y o u t and
t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and b a l a n c e in
s p a c i n g . M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s t o suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C lass
rough or c l e a r
o r s e tt in g up
a l r e a d y s e t up

B.
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ; C o p y ty p in g f r o m
d r a f t s ; o r r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
sim p le standard ta b u la tion s; o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x ta b le s
and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

FILE CLE RK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f ilin g
system .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .
C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and i n d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
con tain ing a n u m ber of v a r ie d su b je ct m a tter f ile s .
M ay a l s o f i l e th is
m aterial.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C l a s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e
(su b je ct m a t te r ) headings o r p a rtly c la s s if i e d m a t e r ia l by fin er subh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d i n d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
p erform
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
system
(e .g ., alph abetical, ch r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e rica l).
A s requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d i s t r i b u t i n g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t duty .




SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c t s both as
an o p e r a t o r ---- s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and a s a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
w o r k i n v o l v e s s u c h d u t ie s as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g n ature o f v i s i t o r ' s
b u s i n e s s and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r i a t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r c o n t a c t i n g that p e r s o n by t e l e p h o n e and
a r r a n g i n g an a p p o i n t m e n t ; k e e p i n g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e by m a i l ,
phone, o r p erson a lly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e any c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Q u o t in g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g ou t an o r d e r s h e e t l is t i n g the i t e m s to
m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s and q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r s h e e t ;
and d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to be f i l l e d .
May
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a ti n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l ­
e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s to s e e that th ey
h av e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k s h ip p in g i n v o i c e s
w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
A C CO U N TIN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as p o s t i n g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g the i n t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty pes o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , ca lc u la tio n s , p osting,
e tc .; o r p r e p a r i n g ,s im p le o r a s sistin g in 'p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u rn a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
With e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but i s not r e q u i r e d to have a k n o w le d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p i n g and a c c o u n t i n g .
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

lev els

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s accounting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r
ex a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n onrepetitive a cco u n tin g 'tra n s action s, s e le c t in g am ong a substantial v a riety of p r e s c r i b e d accounting c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s
th ro u g h p r e v i o u s a c c o u n t i n g
a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e a s s i s t e d by o n e o r
m o r e c la s s B accou nting c le r k s .

A C C O U N TIN G C L E R K — Continued

KEYPUN CH OPERATOR

C lass B .
Under c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in st r u c tio n s
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s t i n g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ; c h e c k i n g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g
d o c u m e n ts u sing a few p r e s c r i b e d
a ccou nting c o d e s .

O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a l p h a b e t ic a n d / o r
n u m e r i c da ta o n ta b u la t in g c a r d s o r on ta p e .

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b oard) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c tio n s .
C lass A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s t r u c t u r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t and c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C lass B.
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h ases o r s e ctio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y r e q u i r i n g lit tle k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not
in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h i n e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tribu tion , e x p e n se d istrib u tio n , in v en tory c o n t r o l, e tc .
May ch e ck o r a s sist
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g
departm ent.
MACH INE B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h i n e o t h e r than an
ord in a ry o r e le ctro m a tic ty pew riter.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l t o b i l l i n g
op erations.
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty pe
of m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :
B illin g-m ach in e b ille r .
U ses a s p e c ia l billing m ach in e (com bin ation
t y p in g and a d d in g m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u t e d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ,
and t o t a l s w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y
m a ch in e.
The o p e r a tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a la rg e n u m ber o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l b e i n g p r e p a r e d and i s o f t e n d o n e o n a f a n f o l d m a c h i n e .
B ookkeeping-m ach in e b ille r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e (w ith o r
w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e
accounts re ce iv a b le op eration.
G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a n e o u s e n t r y o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a c h in e a u t o m a t ica lly a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y the d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a kn owledge o f b o o k ­
keepin g.
W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m and s ta n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and c r e d i t s l i p s .
PA Y R O LL CLERK
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y
da ta on th e p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e :
Calculating w o r k e r s ' earn ings
b a s e d on t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d da t a o n p a y r o l l
s h e e t , s h o w i n g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h as w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g d a y s , t i m e , r a t e ,
d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and to t a l w a g e s d u e .
M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g up and d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M ay use a
calculating m a ch in e.




P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

lev els

on

the

b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g

C lass A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to b e k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t in e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
May
train in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .
C lass B.
W o r k i s r o u t in e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Under c lo s e s u p e rv isio n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s stan­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e lit tle o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f da t a t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b le m s a risin g fr o m e rro n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m iss in g in form ation .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u ­
la to r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p ro d u cin g punch, etc .
Excluded fr o m
th is d efin ition a re w ork in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A ls o exclu ded are o p e r a to rs of
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u gh t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
accou n tin g m a ch in e equipm ent.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

the

b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g

C la ss A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and t a b u la tin g a s s i g n m e n t s
in clu d in g d e v isin g d ifficu lt c o n t r o l pan el w irin g under gen e ra l su p e r v is io n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h
o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e pla n n in g o f the n a t u r e
and s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d t o s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .
C la ss B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under sp e cific in stru ction s.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
ti n e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as
th e t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n to th e s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s u s e d b y
cla ss C operators.
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
C lass C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h as th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g
punch, c o lla t o r , etc.
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p le , in divid ual so rtin g o r c o lla tin g ru ns, o r rep etitive o p e r a t io n s .
May p e r fo r m
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e f i l i n g w o r k .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS---- C o n tin u e d

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
D evelops a com p lete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b l e p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e
re q u ire d d ig ital co m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to be u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to be
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h i s i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p ­
m e n t c h a n g e s to o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O TE:
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g b oth s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f th is i s the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e theii* p a y .)

C lass C.
W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
s e s as a s sig n e d , u su ally o f a single a ctiv ity .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to
d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
sk ills re q u ire d fo r s y s te m s ana ly sis w o rk .
F o r ex a m p le , m ay a s s is t a higher
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y
p ro g ra m m e rs from
i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y the h i g h e r l e v e l a n a l y s t .

D o e s not i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C lass A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in volvin g all ph ases of s y s te m a n a ly sis. JR roblem s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s o f ou tp u t da ta .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d ­
u lin g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h i c h
e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h the f u l l s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in itia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f da ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes recom m en d ation s, if needed,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r o b ta in in g
equip m en t.

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem ents of busin ess p r o b le m s , ty p ica lly p rep a red by a
s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t .
W orking f r o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h ,
w h e n e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n i p u ­
la t i o n o f data t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s k n ow led ge o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and
d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h da ta w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e to f o l l o w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l
d u r i n g p r o d u c t i o n ru n; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a da p t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O TE :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s
If th is is th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pa y.)
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
For

M ay p r o v id e fun ction al
w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d irection

to

low er

level system s

stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r t s w h i c h i d e n t i f y
th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g r o u t i n e ;
p la n s the f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .

C la ss B.
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e output da ta a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exa m ple,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a i n t a i n i n g
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g i n v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
t o be a p p l i e d .

A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t
m u s t be o r g a n i z e d t o p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da ta e l e m e n t s .
A w i d e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r
of internal p r o c e s s in g a ctions m u st o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s s uch a c t i o n s as
d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h c a n be r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
l in k a g e p o in t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s t o da t a w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u l a t i o n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f da ta e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x da ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y on ro u tin e a s s i g n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u i d a n c e o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s .
W ork is re v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to i n s u r e p r o p e r
a l i g n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .




wage

analysts

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w h o a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

26

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R ---- Continued

C lass B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e la tiv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on sim p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e da ta in tw o
or three va ried sequences or form a ts.
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d i t i o n s to o r d e l e t i o n s f r o m
input da t a w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , the da t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s so that th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c i n g o f da t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a f e w r o u t in e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .

m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l y s h o r t t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e and t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n .
This
u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g
standard c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s.

OR
W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c tio n o f a higher le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t higher
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t l y p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C lass C .
M akes p r a c tic a l applications o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c tic e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to
rou tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e rv is io n on new a s p e c t s o f a s sig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d
procedures.

COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s da ta a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S tud ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to
d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s e tu p and o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
co rre ctin g p rogra m .
For

wage

s tu d y

purposes,

com puter

operators

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:
C lass A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o th at i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and g u i d a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C lass B .
O p e ra te s in depen den tly, o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s lit tle o r n o t e s t i n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s




OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru nn in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
May
a s s i s t a h ig h er le v e l o p e r a t o r by independently p e r fo r m i n g le s s d ifficu lt task s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and
w ith f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b i l i t y to
receiv ed
operator

C lass C .
W ork s on rou tin e p r o g r a m s under c l o s e su p e r v is io n .
Is
t o d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y has
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C lass A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h av in g
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
re co m m e n d m in o r design ch a n ges.
A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C om p leted w o rk is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r ­
m inations.
M ay e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r
lev el d rafters.

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s
th at r e q u i r e th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s
reg u la rly used.
D uties t y p ic a lly in v olv e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w orkin g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , .a n d
p r e c is e p osition a l rela tion sh ip s betw een com p on ents; p r e p a re s a rch itectu ral
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u il d in g in c l u d i n g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n ­
d a t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n t it ie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to be u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R eceiv es
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o rk is ch eck ed f o r te c h n ic a l adequacy.

C la ss C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e unit s o r p a r t s f o r
e n g in eerin g , co n stru ctio n , m an ufactu rin g, o r re p a ir pu rp o se s.
Types of
d raw in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (depictin g th ree d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n solid a tes details fr o m a n um ber o f
s o u r c e s and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
Suggested m e th o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n
w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t i o n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e w hen a s s i g n m e n t s
recur.
W ork m a y be s p o t -c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

E L E C T R O N IC S TEC H N IC IAN — Continued

C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s not
i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )

W o r k m a y b e r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
May p rovid e
t e c h n i c a l g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s .
C l a s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th at t y p i c a l l y c a n b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g on
e le c t r o n ic equipm ent.
W ork in v olv es:
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e l e c t i n g
t o o l s and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s , u s u a l l y l e s s c o m p l e x th an t h o s e u s e d b y th e
c l a s s A techn icia n.

A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r repetitive d raw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a lize d it e m s .
W ork is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S TECHN ICIA N

R e c e i v e s te c h n ic a l g u idan ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r higher
l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n , and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e with a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r
le v e l tech n icia n s.

W o r k s on v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
In stalling, m ain tain in g,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n s t r u c t i n g , and t e s t i n g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l app lication o f te c h n ic a l kn ow led ge o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c t i o n s , and s k i l l to put e q u i p m e n t in
re q u ire d operating condition.

C l a s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u t i n e t a s k s in w o r k i n g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c ­
tions w hich c o v e r v irtu a lly all p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork ty p ica lly in volves such
tasks as:
A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n i c i a n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n t s , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and t a k in g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t ; and u s i n g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n o t r e q u i r e d to b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
This
k n o w l e d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a s s i g n m e n t s d e s i g n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (inclu din g c l a s s r o o m trainin g)
s o that w o r k e r c a n
a dvan ce to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n .

T h e e q u i p m e n t — c o n s i s t i n g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kin ds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f th e s a m e kin d o f c i r c u i t — i n c l u d e s , but i s n o t l i m i t e d
t o , th e f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e q u i p m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e l e p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
a n a l o g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n t r o l l i n g
equipm en t.
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u c h s ta n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and h o u s e h o l d r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y du ty i s
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n i c i a n s w h o h av e a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.
P osition s
defin ition s.

are

cla ssified

in to

levels

on

the

R e c e i v e s te c h n ic a l gu idan ce, as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igher
le v e l tech n icia n .
W o r k i s t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but i s g i v e n d e t a i l e d r e v i e w
when n e w o r advanced a ssign m e n ts a re in volved.
R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R SE

b a s i s o f th e f o l l o w i n g

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v i c e under g e n era l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n to i l l o r in ju re d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e co m e - i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t o n the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g f i r s t a id to the i l l o r
i n j u r e d ; a tt e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f
a p p l i c a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l .
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u rs e a re e x clu d e d .

C lass A .
A p p l i e s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w l e d g e t o s o l v e u n u s u a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th at t y p i c a l l y c a n n o t b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e t o m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a l s o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k i n g o n e l e c ­
t r o n ic equip m en t.
E x a m p l e s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s i n c l u d e l o c a t i o n and d e n s i t y o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n , i s o l a t i n g m a l f u n c t i o n s , and f r e q u e n t
en gineering ch a n g es.
W ork in volves:
A d e t a i l e d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g i n d e p e n d e n t j u d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g s u c h
ta sk s as m akin g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , ca lcu la tin g w ave f o r m s , tr a c in g r e la t io n ­
s h ip s in s i g n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s i n g c o m p l e x t e s t i n s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , d u a l
tr a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , deviation m e t e r s , pu lse g e n e ra to rs ).

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M AIN TEN AN CE C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — C o n t in u e d

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a i n t a i n
in g o o d r e p a i r b u il d in g w o o d w o r k and e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
l a y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;

u s i n g a V a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
en ce u su ally a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r equivalent train in g
and e x p e r i e n c e .




28

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH ANIC (M otor vehicle)

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u c h a s the i n s t a l ­
la t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n ,
o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in volves m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g a ny o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p ­
m ent such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n it s , c o n d u i t s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
equipm ent; w ork in g f r o m b lu e p rin ts, d r a w in g s , la you ts, o r oth er s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m en t; w ork in g standard com p u ta tion s rela tin g to loa d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w irin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; and u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u i p ­
m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s th at i n v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i r f g o r f itt in g . p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g and a d j u s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
i n s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t ­
m e n t s ; and a l i g n i n g w h e e l s , a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r tig h t e n in g b o d y
b olts.
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e moto*r v e h i c l e m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M AIN TEN AN CE PA IN TE R
P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g ; K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a i l h o l e s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p l y i n g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
May m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h i t e l e a d , and o t h e r pain t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E MACHINIST
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and l a y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s
h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t i n g
s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g
standard shop co m p u ta tio n s rela tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and f it t in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t . In g e n e r a l ,
th e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equivalent
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH AN IC (M achin ery)
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e th e u s e o f h a n d t o o l s in
s c r a p i n g and f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s
o b t a i n e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g the m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k i n g a l l
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents fo r op eration.
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m aintenance m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i ­
ence.
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t i e s
i n v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .




T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n i c s who r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s .
M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f pip e and
p i p e f i t t i n g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
Laying
o u t w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u tt in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t l e n g th s with
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p i p e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p i p e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n i s h e d p i p e s
m eet sp ecifications.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u il d in g s a n it a tio n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s
a re exclu d ed .
M AIN TEN AN CE S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u i p m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and l a y in g out a l l t y p e s o f
s h e e t -m e ta l m a in ten ance w o rk f r o m b lu ep rin ts, m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c if i­
c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s in c u t t in g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
f i t t i n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M ILLW RIG H T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , and d i s m a n t l e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in the plant la y o u t a r e
req u ired .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and l a y in g ou t
w o r k ; in te rp re tin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth e r s p e c if ic a t io n s ; using a v a rie ty o f handt o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lig n in g and b a l a n c i n g e q u i p ­
m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s , e q u i p m e n t , and p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; and i n s t a l l i n g
and m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E TR A D E S H ELP E R

T O O L AN D DIE M AKER

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , byp e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e ,
and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e kin d o f w o r k
the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n f i n e d to s u p p l y i n g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th at a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u tt in g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l
d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c m a t e r i a l ( e . g . ,
p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s :. P la n n in g and la y in g
ou t w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d i n g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s -of c o m m o n m e t a l s and
a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to
c o m p l e t e t a s k s ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t i n g
v a r i o u s m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; u s i n g v a r i o u s t o o l and d ie
m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k i n g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f i n i s h e d t o o l s and d i e s to
a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; f itt in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d
t h r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A C H IN E -TO O L O PERA TO R (T o o lro o m )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g o n e o r m o r e th an o n e ty p e o f m a c h i n e t o o l
( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r i n d i n g m a c h i n e , e n g in e la t h e , m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) to m a c h i n e
m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k i n g o r m a i n t a i n i n g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s ,
o r m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a te ria l (e.g ., p la stic, p la ster, ru bber, gla ss).
W ork ty p ica lly in v o lv e s:
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h r e q u i r e c o m ­
p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e tt in g up m a c h i n e t o o l o r
t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l c u tt in g t o o l s and a d j u s t g u i d e s , s t o p s , w o r k i n g t a b l e s ,
and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to h an d le th e s i z e o f s t o c k t o be m a c h i n e d ; d e t e r m i n e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r i n t s , o r la youts.); u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r in g in stru m e n ts ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts du rin g m ach in in g
o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d i m e n s i o n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be
r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and cu tt in g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in th is
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w l e d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t ic e u su a lly a cq u ir e d th rou gh c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - jo b train in g a n d
exp erience.

include
shops.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
i n c l u d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and d ie j o b b i n g
s h o p s o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g i n g d i e s (die s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN EER
O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly the
e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r conditioning.
W ork in volves:
O p e r a t i n g and m a in t a i n i n g e q u ip m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t ila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
May a lso s u p e rv is e these o peration s.
H e ad o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than on e e n g i n e e r
are exclu d ed .
B O ILER TEN DER
F ires
s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n i s h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h
e m p l o y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
sa fety v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die j o b b i n g

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
T R U C K D R I V E R — C o n t in u e d

TRU CK DR IVER

T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equip m en t, o r w o r k e r s betw een v a rio u s ty pes of e s t a b ­
lish m en ts such a s :
M a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t s , f r e i g h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith
o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
working
order.
S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s
are e x clu d e d .

SH IPPING A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and i s r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r in c o m in g sh ip m en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r oth er m a t e r ia ls .
Sh ip p in g w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s

F o r w a g e s tu dy p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
ty p e o f e q u i p m e n t , a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld be r a t e d on the b a s i s
o f t r a ile r ca p a city.)




ligh t t r u c k ( u n d e r 1 V2 t o n s )
m e d i u m t r u c k ( 1V2 t o and i n c l u d i n g 4 to n s )
h eavy tr u ck (tr a ile r ) ( o v e r 4 tons)
h e a v y t r u c k ( o t h e r th an t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )

30

SHIPPING A N D REC EIVIN G C LE R K — Continued

SHIPPING P A C K E R — Continued

s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y in g o r d ir e c t in g
o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s i n g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g d a ta on c o n t a in e r .
P ack ers
w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a t s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a ck in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

S h ip p in g c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e
an u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; r o u tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t io n s ; s t o r in g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t.
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u t ie s .

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k in d s a b ou t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
tru ck ,

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lif t o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o t h e r th a n f o r k lif t )

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e i v ­
ing w o r k ( s e e S h ip p in g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r fillin g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

GUARD AND W ATCHM AN
G u ard.
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s
g u a r d s w h o a r e s ta t io n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

O R D E R F IL L E R
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la t e d d u t ie s .

W a tch m a n .
M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , th e ft, and i l l e g a l e n t r y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o t e c t in g

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f ix t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e
in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t
u pon th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n t a in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t.
W o rk r e q u ir e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s in




F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as f o l l o w s :

31

Available On Request
Th e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r u s e in a d m in is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tr a c t A c t
a v a ila b le at no c o s t fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f fi c e s show n on the back c o v e r .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M ex.
A le x a n d r ia , La.
A lp e n a , Stan d ish , and T a w as C ity , M ich .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A u gu sta, G a.—S.C .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R o u ge , La.
B attle C r e e k , M ich .
B eaum ont—P o r t A r th u r — r a n g e , T e x .
O
B ilo x i— u lfp o rt and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
G
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B r u n s w ic k , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , Vt.—N .Y .
C ape C o d , M a s s .
C e d a r R a p id s , Iowa
C h am paign—U rbana— a ntoul, 111.
R
C h a r le s t o n , S.C .
C h a rlo tte — a s to n ia , N .C .
G
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , Tenn.— y .
K
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C .
C o lu m b u s , Ga.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e ca tu r, 111.
D e s M o in e s , Iowa
D othan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M inn.—W is.
S
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —Las C r u c e s , N. M ex.
E u gene—S p r in g fie ld , O re g .
F a y e tt e v ille , N .C .
F itc h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayne, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s to w n , M d.— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r tin s b u r g , W. V a.
G ad sd en and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G rand Island—H a stin gs, N e b r.
G re a t F a lls , M ont.
G uam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L eb anon, Pa.
Huntington— sh la n d , W. V a.— y.— hio
A
K
O
K n o x v ille , T enn.
La C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o, T ex.
L as V e g a s , Nev.
Law ton, O kla.
L im a , O hio
L ittle R o ck —N orth L ittle R o c k , A r k .

of

1965.

S u rv e y r e s u lts a r e p u b lish ed

in r e le a s e s w h ich ,

w h ile su p p lies

la s t,

a r e o r w ill

be

L ogan sp o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in — ly r ia , O hio
E
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o r e , M d.—V a.—D el.
L y n ch b u rg , Va.
M a co n , Ga.
M a d iso n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O hio
M a rq u e tte , E s ca n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M cA lle n —P h a r i^ E d in b u rg and B r o w n s v ille —
H arlin gen —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo rd — lam ath F a lls —G rants P a s s , O re g .
K
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, and O cea n C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille —D a v id so n , Tenn.
New B ern —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N ew London—N o rw ich , C onn.—R .I.
N orth D akota, State o f
O rla n d o , F la .
O xnard—S im i V a lley—V en tu ra , C a lif.
P a nam a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r s b u r g —M a r ie tta , W. V a.— hio
O
P e o r ia , III.
P h o e r ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e llo -I d a h o F a lls , Idaho
P o r ts m o u th , N .H .—M aine—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R e n o , N ev.
R ich la n d — en n ew ick —W alla W alla—
K
P e n d le to n , W ash.— re g .
O
R iv e r sid e —
San B e r n a rd in o — n ta rio, C a lif.
O
Salin a, K an s.
S alinas—S e a sid e —M o n te r e y , C a lif.
Sandusky, O hio
Santa B a rb a r a —
Santa M aria—L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
Sherm an—D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t, La.
S iou x F a lls , S. Dak.
Spok ane, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e —H o ly ok e, M a s s .— on n.
C
C
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la.
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O kla.
V a lle jo — a ir f ie ld —
F
Napa, C a lif.
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te r lo o — e d a r F a lls , Iowa
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gto n , D e l.—N .J.— d.
M

An annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n ta n ts , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n icia n s , d r a f t e r s , and
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O rd e r as B L S B u lle tin 1891, N ational S u rvey o f P r o f e s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 197 5. $ 1 .3 0 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l s a le s
o f fi c e s show n on the b a ck c o v e r , o r fr o m the S up erintenden t o f D o cu m e n ts, U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A list o f the la test available bulletins is p resen ted below . A d ir e cto ry of a rea wage studies including m o re lim ited studies conducted at the request ot tne
Em ploym ent Standards A dm in istration of the U.S. Departm ent o f L a b or is available on request
Bulletins m ay be pu rch ased fr o m any o f the BLS region al o ffic e s shown
on the back c o v e r o r fro m the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overnm ent Printing O ffice , W ashington, D .C. 20402
Bulletin number
and p r ic e *

A rea
A k r o n ,

O h i o ,

D e c .

1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________________________________

A l b a n y ^ S c h e n e c t a d y — T r o y ,
A n a h e i m

— S a n t a

A t l a n t a ,

G a . ,

A u s t i n ,
B a l t i m

B i n g h a m
B i r m

d . ,

t o n ,

M

B u f f a l o ,

N

C a n t o n ,

,

C h i c a g o ,

1 8 5 0 - 8 3 ,

7 5

c e n t s

M

M

1 9 0 0 - 5 2 ,

8 5

c e n t s

1 9 0 0 - 3 9 ,

5 5

c e n t s

1 9 0 0 - 4 9 ,

8 5

c e n t s

J u l y

a r .

1 9 7 6 1 ________________________________________________________________________

1 9 0 0 - 1 1 ,

9 5

c e n t s

1 9 0 0 - 5 3 ,

8 5

c e n t s

1 9 7 5 1 ____________________________________________________________________________________

1 8 5 0 - 6 9 ,

9 5

c e n t s

1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________________________________________________

a y

M

1 9 0 0 - 2 8 ,

5 5

c e n t s

1 9 7 6 ______________________________________________________________

1 9 0 0 - 5 7 ,

5 5

c e n t s

1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________________________________________________

a y

1 9 0 0 - 3 2 ,

O h i o —K

O h i o ,

O c t .

1 9 0 0 - 7 ,

7 5

c e n t s

1 9 0 0 - 6 2 ,

9 5

c e n t s

1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________________________________________

C o l u m

D a l l a s — F o r t

W

T e x . ,

o r t h ,

D a v e n p o r t —R o c k
D a y t o n ,

O h i o ,

D a y t o n a

1 9 0 0 - 6 8 ,

7 5

c e n t s

1 9 0 0 - 4 1 ,

5 5

c e n t s

B e a c h ,

D e t r o i t ,
F o r t

M

J u l y

T e x . ,

I s l a n d — M

O c t .

R a t o n ,

F r e s n o ,

G a i n e s v i l l e ,
G r e e n

W

1 9 0 0 - 4 5 ,

4 5

c e n t s

1 8 5 0 - 8 2 ,

7 5

c e n t s

1 9 7 6 ______________________________________________________________________

D e c .

G r e e n s b o r o —W

A p r .

H o u s t o n ,

T e x . ,

H u n t s v i l l e ,

I n d i a n a p o l i s ,
J a c k s o n ,

M

i s s . ,

J a c k s o n v i l l e ,

c e n t s

K a n s a s

C i t y ,

M

A n g e l e s — L o n g

L o u i s v i l l e ,

1 9 0 0 - 5 4 ,

4 5

c e n t s

1 9 0 0 - 3 7 ,

5 5

c e n t s

1 9 7 6 _________________

1 9 0 0 - 4 7 ,

6 5

c e n t s

1 _____________________________________________

1 9 0 0 - 3 6 ,

8 5

c e n t s

1 9 0 0 -

1 4 ,

5 5

c e n t s

1 9 0 0 - 2 6 ,

8 5

c e n t s

— H i g h

S . C . ,

1 9 7 6

J u n e

1 9 7 6

A u g .

___________ * ______________________________________________________________

1 9 7 6 _____________________________________________________________________________

1 9 7 6 __________________________________________________________________________________

D e c .

1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________________
S e p t .

K y . ,
B e a c h ,

N o v .

1 7 ,

5 5

c e n t s

1 9 0 0 - 5 8 ,

7 5

c e n t s

1 9 0 0 - 8 ,

5 5

c e n t s

1 8 5 0 - 8 1 ,

4 5

c e n t s

1 9 0 0 - 6 0 ,

$ 1 . 0 5
7 5

1 _________________________________________

1 8 5 0 - 8 6 ,

$

1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________________

1 9 7 5 1 _____________________________________________________________

C a l i f . ,

e l b o u r n e — T i t u s v i l l e — C o c o a ,

M

e m

T e n n . — A r k ^ - M

1 9 7 6 * _________________________________________________________

1 9 0 0 -

1 8 5 0 - 8 4 ,

N o v .

M

p h i s ,

P o i n t , N . C . ,

1 9 7 6 _______________________________________________________________________________

O c t .

K y . — I n d . ,

c e n t s

1 9 7 6 _____________________________________________________________________________

o i - K a n s . ,

L e x i n g t o n — F a y e t t e ,

5 5

1 9 7 6 _____________ ______________ ____________________________________________________

1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________________________________________________

F e b .

F l a . ,

B e a c h —

5 5

F e b .

I n d . ,

P a l m

1 9 0 0 - 2 0 ,

a r .

A p r .

A l a . ,

e s t

1 9 0 0 - 2 9 ,

i n s t o n - S a l e m

M

W

$ 1 . 2 5

1 9 7 6 __________________________________________________________________________________

J u l y

C o n n . ,

a n d

1 9 0 0 - 1 5 ,

1 9 7 6 __________________________________________ s_______________________________

G r e e n v i l l e — S p a r t a n b u r g ,
H a r t f o r d ,

1 9 7 5 ________________________________________________________________

1 9 7 6 1 ________________________________________________________________________________

S e p t .

i s . ,

F e b .

c e n t s
c e n t s
c e n t s

J u n e

F l a . ,

B a y ,

a - I l l . ,

8 5
5 5
4 5

A u g .

I o w

1 9 0 0 - 6 3 ,

1 8 5 0 - 7 3 ,

a r .

F l a . ,

C a l i f . ,

1 9 t f 6 _____________________________________________________________

1 9 0 0 - 2 5 ,

L a u d e r d a l e — H o l l y w o o d

B o c a

L o s

1 9 7 6 _____________________________________________________________________

o l i n e ,

C o l o . ,
M

1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________________

1 9 7 6 ________________________

F l a . ,

i c h . ,

a r .

1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________________________________

D e c .

D e n v e r — B o u l d e r ,

M

$ 1 . 0 5

1 9 7 6 _______________________________________ ___ ____________________________________

S e p t .

C h r i s t i ,

S e p t .

y .— I n d . ,

O h i o ,

C o r p u s

1 9 7 6 * ________________________________________________________________

1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________________________________________________

C l e v e l a n d ,
b u s ,

____________________________________________________________________________________

1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________________________________________
1 9 7 6 __________________________________________________________________________________

T e n n . - G a . ,

1 1 1 . ,

C i n c i n n a t i ,

c e n t s

O c t .

O h i o ,

C h a t t a n o o g a ,

c e n t s

c e n t s

A u g .

. Y . ,

c e n t s

5 5
7 5

A l a . ,

O c t .

4 5

1 9 0 0 - 5 9 ,

8 5

J u l y

a s s . ,

C a l i f . ,

1 8 5 0 - 8 0 ,

1 9 0 0 - 6 7 ,

1 9 7 5 1

G r o v e ,

1 9 7 6 ____________________________________________

1 9 0 0 - 3 0 ,

N . Y . — P a . ,

i n g h a m

B o s t o n ,

S e p t .

1 9 7 6 ________________________

A u g .

o n t . ,

. Y . ,

1 9 7 6 _________________________________________________________________________________________

a y

D e c .

M

M

A n a —G a r d e n

M

T e x . ,
o r e ,

B i l l i n g s ,

N

i s s . ,

O c t .

F l a . ,
N o v .

1 9 7 5

1 8 5 0 - 7 9 ,

4 5

c e n t s

A u g . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________

1 8 5 0 - 5 4 ,

6 5

c e n t s

1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________

1 8 5 0 - 8 5 ,

4 5

c e n t s

* Prices are determ ined by the Governm ent Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
and supplementary w age provisions are also presented.

1
Digitized forData on establishment practices
FRASER


c e n t s
1 . 1 5

A re a
M iam i, F la ., O ct. 1976______________________ _____________________
M ilw aukee, W is ., A p r. 1976______________________________________
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.— is., Jan. 1976____________________
W
N assau -Suffolk, N .Y ., June 1976_________________________________
N ewark, N .J., Jan. 1976__________________________________________
New O rlea n s, L a ., Jan. 1976______________________________________
New Y ork, N .Y ^ N .J ., May 1976__________________________________
N orfolk— irg in ia Beach— ortsm ou th , Va.— .C ., M ay 19761____
V
P
N
N orfolk— irg in ia Beach— ortsm ou th and N ew port News—
V
P
Hampton, V a ^ N .C ., May 19761 _____ ________ ___________________
N ortheast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1976_______________________________
Oklahom a City, O kla., Aug. 1976_________________________________
Omaha, N ebr,—
Iowa, O ct. 1976 _________ _________________________
P a terson —
Clifton— a s s a ic , N .J., June 1976______________________
P
Philadelphia, P a ^ N .J ., Nov. 1976*_______________________________
Pittsbu rgh, P a ., Jan. 19761 ______________________________________
P ortland, M aine, Nov. 1975_______________________________________
P ortland, O reg,— ash., May 1976________________________________
W
P ou gh keepsie, N .Y ., June 1976___________________________________
Poughkeepsie— ingston—
K
Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1976_____________
P rov id en ce— arw ick—
W
Paw tucket, R .I,— a s s ., June 1976________
M
Raleigh—
Durham, N .C ., F eb . 1976________________________________
Richm ond, V a., June 1976_________________________________________
St. L ou is, M o.—
111., M ar. 19761 __________________________________
Sacram ento, C a lif., D ec. 1975____________________________________
Saginaw, M ich ., Nov. 1975________________________________________
Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1976___________________________
San Antonio, T ex ., May 1976_____________________________________
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 1975______________________________________
San F r a n cis co —
Oakland, C a lif., M ar. 1976______________________
San J o s e , C a lif., M ar. 1976_______________________________________
Seattle— verett, W ash., Jan. 1976________________________________
E
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1976______________________________________
Stam ford, Conn., May 1976*______________________________________
Syracuse, N .Y ., July 1976_________________________________________
T oled o, Ohio— ich ., May 1976____________________________________
M
Trenton, N .J., Sept. 1976_________________________________________
U tica— om e, N .Y ., July 19751____________________________________
R
W ashington, D .C.—
Md.— a ., M ar. 1 9 7 6 _ _________________________
V
W estch ester County, N .Y ., May 1976____________________________
W ichita, K ans., A pr. 1976_________________________________________
W o rc e s te r, M a ss., A p r. 1976_____________________________________
Y ork , P a ., F eb . 1976______________________________________________

Bulletin number
and p r ic e *
1900-66,
1900-22,
1900-3,
1900-35,
1900- 10,
1900-2,
1900-48,
1900-27,

75 cents
85 cents
95 cents
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
$1.05
85 cents

1900-33,
1900-43,
1900-42,
1900-61,
1900-38,
1900-64,
1900- 1,
1850-72,
1900-51,
1900-50,
1900-55,
1900-31,
1900- 18,
1900-34,
1900-19,
1850-87,
1850-71,
1900-65,
1900-23,
1850-77,
1900-9,
1900-13,
1900-6,
1900-5,
1900-40,
1900-44,
1900-24,
1900-56,
1850-48,
1900- 12,
1900-46,
1900-21,
1900- 16,
1900-4,

85 cents
65 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$1.10
$ 1 .1 5
45 cents
75 cents
45 cents
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
65 cents
$ 1 .25
45 cents
35 cents
55 cents
65 cents
45 cents
95 cents
75 cents
65 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
80 cents
85 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents
55 cents

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

Official Business
Penalty for private use. $300

Bureau off Labor Statistics Regional Offffices
Region I
Region I
I
Region I I
I
Region IV
1603 JFK Federal Building
Suite 3400
3535 Market Street,
Suite 540
Government Center
1515 Broadway
P.O. Box 13309
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Boston. Mass. 02203
N e w York, N Y. 10036
Philadelphia. Pa. 19101
Atlanta. Ga. 30309
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
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Phone: 881-4418 (Area Code 404)
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I.
Box 36017
911 Walnut St., 15th floor
Dallas, Tex. 75202
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
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Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
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