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Area WagPrSaKVfey

The Columbus, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
October 1969

B ulletin

1660-27




PI CKAWAY

-------- 2_
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
Government Center
New York, N. Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212).
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
337 Mayflower Building
Chicago, 111. 60604
411 North Akard St.
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516(Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4(678 (Area Code 415)

* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.

 Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.
**


Area Wage Survey
The Columbus, Ohio, Metropolitan Area




O ctober 1969

B ulletin 1660-27
February 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




Con ten ts

P r e fa c e

Page
The B u re a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v i s io n s .
It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d ata by s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv isio n fo r each
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in t h e p r o g r a m i s
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( 1 ) t h e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d ( 2 ) th e s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l of w a g e s am o n g a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ___________________________
T a b les:
1.

In d e x e s of s ta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ______________________

A.

O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n ________________________
m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d
m
w o m e n ________________________________________________________
A -3 . O ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ica l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _________________________________
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________

A p pendix.

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , i n O c t o b e r 1969The Standard M e tro ­
p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f the
B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s o f D e l a w a r e , F r a n k ­
lin , and P ic k a w a y C o u n tie s.
T h i s stu d y w a s co n d u c ted by
th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111. , u n d e r t h e
g e n e r a l d ire c tio n of W oodrow C . L in n , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l
D ir e c to r for O p eration s.




E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d

2.

A t t h e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r ea c h a r e a stu d ied .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d .
The first
b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to
one b u lle tin .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo r m a t io n w hich h a s
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e U n i t e d S t a t e s .
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n tary w age p r o v is io n s b ien n ially.

1
3

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____________________________________

areas.

NOTE:
S i m i l a r tab u latio n s
(See in sid e b ack c o v e r.)

a r e a v a ila b le for other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n i n g s in th e C o l u m b u s a r e a
is a l s o a v a ila b le fo r s e l e c t e d lau n d ry and d ry cle an in g o c ­
c u p a t i o n s ( O c t o b e r 1 9 6 9 ).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e ­
v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le fo r b uilding co n stru c tio n ;
p rin tin g; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k
d r i v e r s , h e lp e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a tio n s.

iii

4

5
8
9
10
11
13




Area Wage Survey---The Columbus, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
in dividu al e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata.

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h t h e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1

there

is

p o ssib ility

of

d i s c l o s u r e of

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d ata exclu de p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d l a t e
sh ifts . N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w ­
a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed . W here w e e k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h is b u lletin p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s t u d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
t o n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
sin c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M an ufactu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and other public u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M ajo r
in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e go vern m en t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n str u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v i n g f e w e r t h a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of
th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p re se n te d re fle c t co m p o site, areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n tr ib ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y t h e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w it h in the
s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
t h e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e giv en th e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w eigh t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O c c u p a t i o n s an d E a r n i n g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e f o l ­
low ing t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s
w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
The o ccu p atio n s s e le c te d fo r stu d y a r e lis te d
a n d d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x .
Th e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g the jo b
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e of the
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in
o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r
(1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in t h e s c o p e of the s t u d y a n d not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m
th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e of th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l
s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y of th e e a r n i n g s d a t a .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s

T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
bulletin .
In fo rm a tio n for th e se tab u latio n s is c o lle c te d b ien n ially .
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York StateT h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ; paid
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
h o lid a y s; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s a r e
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U .S. De­
partment of Labor.
p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s arrea.




1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in C o l u m b u s , O h io , 1
b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 O c t o b e r 1969
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st u d y

Industry division

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
Wit hin s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

Within s c o p e
of study^

S t u d ie d

Studied
Num be r

Percent

634

169

1 7 2 ,7 1 8

100

1 1 2 ,6 6 4

50
"

215
419

76
93

8 6 ,7 7 6
8 5 ,9 4 2

50
50

6 3 ,3 6 9
4 9 ,2 9 5

50
50
50
50
50

46
81
144
63
85

19

1 5 ,9 9 3
6 ,9 3 4
3 4 ,9 6 2
1 4 ,1 9 6
1 3 ,8 5 7

10

25
14
24

20
8
8

1 3 ,0 0 1
2 ,0 1 4
1 7 ,9 6 1
8 ,5 9 2
7 ,7 2 7

A ll d i v i s i o n s __________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______ ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s 5— ______ ___________
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 6 ______________________ __________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6--------S e r v i c e s 6 7__________________________________ —

N um ber of estab lish m en ts

11

4

1 T h e C o lu m b u s S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f D e l a w a r e ,
F r a n k l i n , a n d P i c k a w a y C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f
th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n
w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f
th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m i t a t i o n . A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e se n ta tio n
o f d a ta
f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e en o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit
m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A l m o s t o n e - h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e C o lu m b u s a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
an d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
In d u str y g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s __________________________ 18
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ______ 14
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s --------13
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ___ 10
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ------ 9
P r in t in g a n d p u b li s h in g _________ 6
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ______ 5
S to n e , c la y , an d g l a s s
p r o d u c t s ________________________ 5

A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ______________ 12
C o m m u n ic a t io n e q u ip m e n t_____ 9
H o u s e h o ld a p p l i a n c e s __________ 7
C u t l e r y , h a n d t o o ls , a n d
h a r d w a r e ______________________
6
G e n e r a l in d u s tr ia l
m a c h in e r y _____________________
5

T h i s in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e of e a r n i n g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e of the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
T hese e stim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

L im it a t io n s of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w ag e s m a y have declined b e c a u se lo w e r-p ay in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se co n sta n t w eights r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym en ts w h erev er p o ssib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
The index
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m en ): O ffic e c l e r ic a l ( m e n an d w o m e n )— S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
C o n tin u ed
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
S e c r e ta r ie s
E le c t r ic ia n s
o p e ra to rs, c la s s B
M a c h in ists
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l
C le ik s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s se s
S te n o g ra p h e rs, se n io r
M e c h a n ic s
A an d B
C le ik s , f i l e , c la s se s
S w itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rs, c la s se s
M e c h a n ic s ( a u t o m o tiv e )
A , B, an d C
A an d B
P a in ters
T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs,
P ip e fitte rs
C le ik s , o rd er
c la s s B
C le ik s , p a y ro ll
T o o l an d d ie m a k e rs
T y p is ts, c la s s e s A a n d B
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
K e y p u n ch o p e ra to rs, c la s se s
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ):
A an d B
In d u stria l nurses ( m e n a n d w o m en ):
Ja n ito r s , p o rte rs, an d c le a n e r s
N u rses, in d u stria l (re g is te r e d )
O ffic e b o ys an d g irls
L a b o re rs, m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s i n the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v e rtim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

3

4

T a b l e 2.

I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s in
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t o b e r 1969 a n d O c t o b e r 1 9 6 8 , a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
A ll in d u str ie s

P erio d

O ffice
clerical
(m e n and
women)

In d u strial
nurses
(m e n and
women)

S k illed
m a in ten a n ce
trades
(m e n )

M an u factu rin g
U n sk illed
plan t
w orkers
(m e n )

O ffice
clerical
(m en and
women)

In dustrial
nurses
(m en and
women)

S k illed
m a in te n a n ce
trad es
(m e n )

U n sk illed
plan t
w orkers
(m e n )

1 4 1 .9
1 3 3 .2

140.8
134.1

137.0
130.1

6 .5
4 .7
5 .4
3.3
4 .9
2 .0
5.2
2.7
1.1

5 .0
8.3
3 .8
4.0
4.4
1.1
3 .5
2 .4
2 .6

5 .4
4.6
2.9
7.1
3.4
1.1
3.1
1.2
3 .3

I n d e x e s ( J a n u a r y 1961 = 100)
O c t o b e r 1 9 6 9 _________ _________________
O c t o b e r 1 9 6 8 ______________________________

137.1
1 2 9 .7

1 4 1 .2
134.1

140.1
133.1

144.6
1 3 7 .2

135.0
1 2 8 .9

P e r c e n t s of in c r e a s e
O c t o b e r 1968 t o O c t o b e r 1 9 6 9 ___________
O c t o b e r 1967 t o O c t o b e r 1 9 6 8 _________
O c t o b e r 1 9 6 6 to O c t o b e r 1 9 6 7 ________ _
O c t o b e r 1965 t o O c t o b e r 1 9 6 6 ___________
O c t o b e r 1 9 6 4 t o O c t o b e r 1 9 6 5 ___________
N o v e m b e r 1963 to O c t o b e r 1 9 6 4 _ ____
D e c e m b e r 1962 t o N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 3 ______
F e b r u a r y 1962 t o D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 2 ______
J a n u a r y 1961 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 2 _________




5 .6
8.3
3 .3
1.7
4 .3
2 .0
3 .2
1.5
2 .2

5.3
6 .6
6 .0
2.4
3.9
2 .0
4 .7
2.7
1.6

5.3
8.0
3 .5
3 .9
4.1
1.9
2 .2
2 .8
2.9

5 .4
6 .2
5 .4
4 .7
5 .4
1.0
3.1
3 .5
3 .0

4.8
4 .7
4.6
3 .5
3 .3
1.5
3 .3
2 .4
2 .5

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , C o lu m b u s, O hio, O cto b e r 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

S

$

$

$

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

I

*

S

t

$

*

t

s

i

$

t

$

$

$

$

$

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

60

Se x , occup ati on, and in du s tr y di v i si on

55

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

5
3
2

3
3

6
6

6
4
2

7
2
5

15
10
5

28
12
16

20
2
18

14
7
7

12
8
4

4
4

and
un der

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

122
54
68

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 36.50
1 39.00
134.50

137 .0 0
134.00
138 .0 0

$
$
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

47
32

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 4 .0 0
1 12.50

112.00
111.00

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

_

-

_

_
-

2
1

5
5

2
2

1
1

9
7

7
3

2
2

6
6

3
3

1
1

1
1

_

-

-

1
-

6

-

1
-

-

-

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

159
1 21

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

132.00
1 29.00

129.00
128.00

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 5 3 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

16
14

-

14
14

16
14

9
5

-

28
24

8
6

9
5

38
30

11
7

3
2

5

OFFICE BOYS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

79
28
51

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

82.00
88.00
78 .5 0

7 9 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

-

15

8
2
6

17
10
7

12
6
6

4
~
4

9
3
6

5
2
3

1
1

_
~

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

~

-

15

2
1
1

2

“

2

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

55
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 48.50
147.00

165.00
157 .5 0

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 7 3 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0

8
8

1
"

8

1
“

_

_

“

2
2

5
5

2
1

4
i

21
15

3
~

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------

40

3 9 .5

1 27.50

119.50

1 0 8 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

5

3

-

3

2

7

3

1

-

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BI LLI NG
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

53
36

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

95 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

9 7 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

9 2 .0 0 - 99.5 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOCKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

56
54

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

90.5 0
91.0 0

89 .0 0
89 .5 0

8 4 .5 0 8 5 .0 0 -

_

_

_

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------

83

4 0 .0

11 7 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONM.ANUEACTUR I N G --------------------------

143
61
82

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------

275
92
183
39

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

7 2 .0 0 7 7 .0 0 6 4 .5 0 -

91.0 0
94.5 0
90.0 0

"

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

5

6

4

~

-

“

1
"

2
1

4
4

4
4

6
5

25
11

4
4

~

7
7

6
6

2
2

7
5

16
16

16
16

4
4

_

_

. _

~

“

~

-

-

-

-

3

5

6

-

4

17

9
9

3
3

10
3
7

11
8
3

11
2
9

15
8
7

18
2
16

31
13
18

23
9
14

-

3
3

1
1

6
6

24
12
12

25
2
23

25
6
19
4

8
8

i
i

_

W EN
OM

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le




_

93.5 0
9 4 .0 0

123.00

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

-

94.5 0
93.0 0
95 .5 0

98 .5 0
97.5 0
99.0 0

8 6 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

11 7 .5 0
117.00
118.00
116.00

114.50
1 1 7.50
1 13.00
1 1 7.00

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

_
-

578
230
348
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
100.00
90.0 0
1 01.50

91.5 0
9 7 .5 0
87 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

8 3 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

-

61
44

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 02.50
10 0 .5 0

9 9 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

_

_

“
-

_

_

-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

15
15

29
3
26
~

30
3
27
~

-

_

1
1

107
20
87
6

_

_

_

_

~

~

5
5

_

“
2

9

1

36

-

-

5
4
1

3
1
2

3
1
2

-

37
21
16
13

20
7
13
9

9
6
3
1

27
10
17

-

51
8
43
11

14
10
4
1

3
2
1
1

18
18
-

1
1
*

82
35
47
8

79
44
35
4

41
23
18
5

79
32
47
13

47
25
22
15

23
11
12
3

8
7
1
-

10
•4
6
6

8
8

2
2

23
18

8
4

5
2

7
5

2
1

2
2

_

_

_
-

~

_

"

1
1
*
4
4
*

-

-

-

_

_

_

“

“

7
1
6

4
1
3
“

10
10
“

-

-

~

3
1

6
2
4
1

“

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st u d i ed on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y di v i si o n , C o l u m b u s , Ohio, O ct o b e r 1969)
Weekly taming^^^™
(standard)
Number

Se x , occup ati on, and i n d u s tr y di v i si o n

workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

S

$

55
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

*

60

s

$

65

70

75

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g st ra ig h t - t im e we e kl y e a r n i n g s of ----S
t
S
$
$
t
$
$
$
$
$
80
85
90
95
105 110
100
115
120
125
130

i

$

14C

$

i

150

160

and
un der

$
170
1

*

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

8
8

83
14
69
“

88
21
67
4

39
6
33
25

28
20
8
1

22
3
19
18

7
3
4
4

5

-

-

14
5
9
“

2

-

2
2

5
5

6
1
5
2

5
1
4
1

85
13
72

65
3
62

n

4
4

6
2
4

4

_

4

3
8

20
2
18

4

-

4

2

12
1
11

15
11
4

17
3
14

10
6
4

17
15
2

16
16

1
1

-

“

12
7
5

“

“

6
1
5

~

4
4

-

-

16
4
12
5

7
5
2
2

20
13
7
1

43
9
34
5

34
18
16
3

17
7
10
5

13
10
3
1

19
8
11
1

2

8

6
6

6
4
2

15
3
12

20
12
8

4
-

4

4
1
3

2

1

4

24
12
12

38
12
26

52
36
16

126
41
85

48
18
30

24
10
14

29
7
22

21
21

13
1
12
7
6

180
and

130

140

150

160

"

'

170

180

over

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------- PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------

313
74
239
62

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

81.00
81.50
81.00
89.50

78.00
79.50
77.50
90.50

$
$
7 3 .5 0 - 85.50
7 5 .0 0 - 87.50
7 3 .0 0 - 84.00
82 .5 0 - 95.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C --------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

290
29
261

39.5
39.5
39.0

70.00
74.50
69.50

68.00
70.00
68.00

6 4 .0 0 - 73.00
6 7 .0 0 - 84.00
6 3 .5 0 - 73.00

-

91
2
89

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

124
63
61

40.0
40.0
40.0

95.50
92.50
98.50

92.00
93.50
85.00

80.50-102.00
86 .0 0 - 99.00
7 8 .00-119.50

_

-

-

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------

212
112
100
27

39.5
39.5
39.5
4 0.0

100.50
106.00
95.00
95.50

97.50
102.50
94.50
96.50

9 0 .50-111.50
9 1 .00-118.00
90.50-102.50
8 5 .00-105.00

-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

78
29
49

40.0
40.0
40.0

98.00
112.00
90.00

95.50
98.50
92.50

87.50-101.50
9 5 .00-151.00
81 .0 0 - 99.00

~

1
1

~

2

8

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

423
165
25 8

39.5
40.0
39.0

103.00
104.50
102.00

9 8 . 50
98.00
99.00

9 4 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

-

_

_

-

~

-

-

4

~

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------

612
164
448
72

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

86.00
97.00
81.50
95.00

83.00
93.00
81.50
92.50

7 7 .0 0 - 92.00
8 5 .00-103.50
7 5 .5 0 - 86.50
8 5 .00-105.00

-

-

-

-

OFFICE GIRLS ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

133
110

38.5
38.5

76.50
74.50

74.50
71.50

6 8 .0 0 - 83.50
6 7 .5 0 - 79.00

4
4

6
5

SECRETARIES4-------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------

2,035
708
1,327
158

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

118.00
126.00
113.50
131.00

115.50
123.50
110.00
132.50

101.50-133.50
108.50-148.50
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
109.50-145.00

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

106
64
42

39.5
40.0
39.0

139.00
135.00
145.50

135.50
133.00
149.00

122.00-157.50
118.50-149.00
131.00-159.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

316
121
195

39.5
40.0
39.0

129.50
129.50
129.00

127.50
126.50
128.50

116.50 -1 4 0 .0 0
117.00-139.50
116.50-141.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------

655
205
450
73

39.5
4 0.0
39.5
40.0

122.00
130.00
118.50
134.00

121.00
127.50
119.00
133.50

108.00-134.50
112.50-155.50
106.50-131.50
127.00-143.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------

953
313
64 0
57

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

109.00
121.00
103.00
111.00

104.50
117.00
100.50
106.00

9 5 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 4 . 0 0 - 1 4 7 . CC
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

S e e f o o tn o te s at end of table,




2

*
-

-

_

-

-

~

-

-

2
-

12
12
-

1

-

6
-

_
“

6
2
4
4

3

13

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

144
56
88
9

123
46
77
14

247
92
155
35

92
29
63
22

180
131
49
13

38
22
16
9

10
6
4
3

16
10
6
5

6
6
~

9
8
1

4
1
3

22
15
7

15
9
6

12
12

13
8
5

1
1
-

7
4
3

40
4
36

100
8
92

138
26
112
7

149
34
115
17

208
60
148
2

192
54
138
15

137
52
85
2

196
73
123
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5

9
4

3
3

-

_

-

-

-

-

3
1
2

a

11

29
4
25

88
6
82

11

-

_

22
4
18
“

9
1

-

-

1

3
1
2

11

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

-

7
7

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

-

_

-

21
21

_
-

_

_

-

_

_
-

_

_

-

13

3
3

-

_
-

_

1
1

2

-

3

"
25
25
-

8
8
-

-

_

1

2

-

_

-

_

_

9
9

-

-

-

-

10
7

4

1
1

-

6
1

4

-

_

1
1
-

16
5

-

-

5
5

-

21
20

-

3

1
1

-

17
17

-

6

10
9

_

41
41

_

-

4
4

-

8
8

-

_
-

-

5
3
2
2

-

_
-

-

9

-

_
-

-

10
4
6
6

-

3
-

-

26
18
8
8

-

6
-

-

31
19
12
5

_

_
-

-

67
26
41
11

-

7
2
5

-

73
26
47
13

_

"

-

159
16
143
18

-

“

l

91
12
79
“

-

“

-

76
10
66
*

i

-

-

37
2
35
"

-

~

6
“

i
i

-

-

13
2
11

2
1
1

11
5
6

19
2
17

12
7
5

52
25
27

30
11
19

29
15
14

63
21
42

23
5
18

24
7
17

23
13
10

5
2
3

4
1
3

28
7
21

15
11
4

67
15
52
2

46
12
34

51
11
40
2

82
21
61
4

66
17
49
5

55
15
40
13

104
29
75
23

38
7
31
19

65
50
15
4

2
1
1
-

4
3
1
1

-

97
17
80
7

132
22
110
17

124
34
90
2

118
36
82
13

68
28
40

56
21
35
1

39
20
19
4

35
15
20
1

58
27
31
10

16
8
8

79
74
5
2

5
5

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a ti o n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oc to b e r 1969)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y e a r n i n g s of—
Number

$

*

woikers

55

t

*

$

t

Mean2

Median 2

t

$

$

$

$

»

$

*

1 40

150

1 60

170

1 -----1 80

1 40

1?9

160

*70

1 80

o v er

17
2
15
“

31
23
8
8

5
-

“

5
“

“

“

$

$

$

Middle range 2

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

n o

11 5

120

125

130

60

S ex, occup ation, and in d u s tr y di v i si on

weekly
hours1
'standard)

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

n o

115

12 0

125

130

-

-

5
1
4

40
1
39

16
1
15
3

37
22
15
3

44
29
15
2

61
19
42
5

47
36
11
6

37
22
15
1

28
12
16

26
12
14
”

8
1
7
“

20
20
“

t

»

t

and
un der

and

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------

422
181
241
28

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

99.0 0
1 00.50
97.5 0
1 03.00

9 6 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

$
$
8 6 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

620
408
212

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 12.00
115.00
1 06.00

110.00
112 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

9 8 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

_

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

104
30
74

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

99 .5 0
1 18.00
92 .0 0

98.5 0
1 2 1 .0 0
96.0 0

9 1 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 0 0 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

137
25
112

4 0 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .5

8 4 .0 0
91 .5 0
82.50

83.00
91 .5 0
75.0 0

7 2 .0 0 8 8 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 -

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

262
141
12 1

4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

93.0 0
89.50
97.00

8 9 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 - 98.0 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------------------------

26

3 9 .5

94.0 0

92.0 0

8 8 .5 0 -

96.0 0

-

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

274
75
199

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

87.00
95.5 0
8 4 .0 0

86.00
9 8 .0 0
82.0 0

7 4 .5 0 - 97.5 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 8 9 .5 0

_

_

-

-

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------

611
204
407
38

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

89.00
97.0 0
85.50
97.0 0

87.0 0
9 5 .5 0
83.50
89 .5 0

7 9 .5 0 - 97.0 0
9 0 .0 0 - 99.0 0
7 7 .0 0 - 90.0 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------

1,1 6 3
314
849
69

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

77.0 0
83.0 0
7 4 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

75.0 0
8 0 .0 0
73.0 0
1 0 0.50

6 6 .5 0 - 84.50
7 3 .5 0 - 91.0 0
6 4 .0 0 - 8 1 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

93.5 0
93.5 0
94.0 0

”

-

_
-

1
1

5
1
4

9
9

34
16
18

18
6
12

51
29
22

61
39
22

83
63
20

49
26
23

63
49
14

65
54
11

30
15
15

15
7
8

38
12
26

95
88
7

3
3
“

“

_

_

-

6
6

*

7
3
4

5
5

11
11

25
2
23

16
3
13

3
3

8
6
2

1
1
”

3
3
“

6
5
1

“
“

7
7
“

-

-

6
6
22
22

35
35

7
7

9
1
8

13
8
5

25
15
10

4
4

11
1
10

4

-

2

3

-

2

-

2

3

“

2

“

-

5
5
“

14
14
~

19
6
13

48
23
25

56
33
23

14
9
5

34
28
6

26
7
19

7
6
1

3
3
“

6
2
4

2
2

23
3
20

2
2

-

-

-

-

2

7

11

-

2

-

2

1

-

1

25
1
24

48
6
42

31
6
25

23
23

51
9
42

18
7
11

21
15
6

22
18
4

12
4
8

10
4
6

10
3
7

3
2
1

-

15
15

18
18
“

50

81
16
65

105
10
95
6

90
18
72

63
46
17

91
69
22
1

30
14
16
1

10
4
6
2

26

9

5

-

3

9
"

5
~

254
1
253
-

139
37
102

106
37
69
3

100
33
67
10

84

30
9
21
7

25
2
23
19

20

3
2
1
1

-

_

_

-

_

~

~
-

_
-

7
43
179
59
120
2

7
205
62
143

5

7
50
34
6

4

5
15
15

23
13

2
2

3
2
1
1

-

-

”
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
“
3

-

-

-

-

'

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

~

“
“

”

—

-

-

“

14
13
1
1

“
~

13
13

-

4
4

*

-

“

“

“

-

“
-

“
-

-

~
“

~

•

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w ee k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e e kl y h o u rs .
2 The m e a n i s co m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b by to ta l in g the e a r n i n g s of a ll w o r k e r s and divid ing by the n u m b er of w o r k e r s .
The m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s po s it i o n — ha lf of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the r a t e shown; h alf r e c e i v e l e s s than the ra t e shown.
The m i d d le ra n g e i s def ined by 2 r a t e s of pay; a f o ur t h of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r of th e s e r a t e s and a f o ur t h e a r n m o r e than
the hig he r r a t e .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and oth er public u t i l i t i e s .
4 May in clude w o r k e r s oth er than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y di v i si o n , C o l u m b u s , Ohio, O ct o b e r 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S ex , o ccu pa tio n, and in d u s tr y d iv i si o n

Number
of

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e weekl y e a r n i n g s of—
$

weekly
hours1
( standard)

TT A r
Unde

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
90

$

$
90

95

$

t

100

105

$

110

s

$

115

120

*

125

*

130

$

135

1

140

$

145

$

150

$

155

$

i

160

165

$

170

i

180

$

190

and
u nde r
95

200
and

100

1C5

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

180

19C

200

o v er

16
15
1

23
19
4

27
23
4

42
33
9

11
8
3

4
3
1

8
5
3

20
11
9

3
1
2

-

M
EN
40.0
40.0
40.0

172.00
172.00
172.50

169.50
169.00
171.00

$
$
1 6 3 . 0 0 - 1 7 7 . CO
163.00-177.00
163.00-182.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ■
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

496
386
110

40.0
40.0
40.0

150.00
148.50
154.50

148.50
148.00
153.00

137.00-164.00
136.50-162.00
137.50-172.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C •
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

364
251
113

4 0.0
40.0
40.0

121.00
118.50
127.00

121.00
117.50
127.50

1 0 8 . 5 0 - 1 3 0 . CO
106.50-125.00
119.00-140.00

*

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS —

88

98.50

97.00

9 4 .00-100.00

3

o
*

135
106
29

O

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ■
MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING

4
4
-

-

-

-

2
2
“

17
8
9

14
13
1

10
9

“

i

22
16
6

40
34
6

56
45
10

44
32
12

64
60
4

39
29
10

28
24
4

49
43
6

25
19
6

58
40
18

9
7
2

42
36
6

57
51
6

23
10
13

38
36
2

63
48
15

38
12
26

23
12
11

11

i
i

12
12

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

27
10
17

_

4

17
6
11

“

-

"

“

-

-

42

11

2

2

”

~

3

i

1

6
2

21
1

10
10

5

“

~

3

7
2

2
2

4
2

10
10

~

1
1

13
10

2
2

5
5

5
5

13
10

3
3

3
2

2
1

2
2

2
2

-

~

“

3
3
23

7

6
6

W EN
OM
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

66
33

40.0
40.0

119.00
125.50

113.00
122.50

107.50-133.00
113.00-142.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

76
64

40.0
40.0

128.50
130.50

128.00
129.00

111.00-139.50
114.00-140.00

“

1

2

5
4

6
6

7
7

_

“

“

5
5

-

~
-

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w ee kl y h o u rs .
2 F o r de finition of t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, t a b le A - l .




Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e we e kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st udi ed on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y di v i si o n , C o l u m b u s , Ohio, O ct o b e r 1969)
Average

O cc u pa ti on and in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
[standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average

O cc u pa ti on and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

Average

O ccu pa ti on and in d u s tr y di v i si o n

Number
of
workers

39.0
39.5

KEYPUNCH UPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

423
165
25 8

39.5
40.0
39.0

lor .or
104.50
102.00

56
54

40.0
40.0

90.50
91.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

86.00
97.00
81.50
95.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------

61 2
164
44 8
72

88

40.0

117.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

OFFICE BOYS AND G I R LS -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

21 2
51
161

39.0
40.0
39.0

143
61
82

39.5
39.5
39.5

9 4 . 5C
93.00
95.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------

397
146
251
57

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

123.50
125.50
122.50
121.50

SECRETARIES3 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------

2,039
709
1,330
160

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------ ---------------

262

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTI ON ISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

54
37

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFAC TU R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------

62 5
262
363
63

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

95.50
101-50
91.00
102.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

63
44

39.5
39.5

102.50
100.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-------------

31 6
75
241
62

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

81.00
81.50
81.00
89.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

293
29
264

39.5
39.5
39.0

70.00
74.50
69.50

CLERKS, OROER ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

28 3
101
182

40.0
40.0
40.0

116.00
1 1 1 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------

22 9
129
100
27

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

104.00
110.50
95.00
95.50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

78
29
49

40.0
40.0
40.0

98.00
112.00
90.00

MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

119.00

141
121

40.0
39.5
40.0

93.00
89.50
97.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

71
32
39

39.5
40.0
39.5

142.50
145.50
139.50

78.50
87.00
76.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

55
31

4 0.0
40.0

125.00
133.00

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

118.00
126.00
113.50
131.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

52
44

39.5
?9.5

104.50
99.50

106
64
42

39.5
40.0
39.0

139.00
135.00
145.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

275
75
2 00

39.0
40.0
38.5

87.03
95.50
84.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

316
121
195

39.5
40.0
39.0

129.50
129.50
129.00
122.00
130.00
118.50
134.00

89.50
9 7 . CO
85.50
98.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

612
204
408
39

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

655
205
45 0
73

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1,170
314
856

39.5
39.5
39.5

77.00
83.00
74.50

75

40.0

96.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------

95 7
314
64 3
59

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

109.00
120.50
103.00
112.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------

423
181
242
29

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

99.00
100.50
97.50
104.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

136
106
30

40.0
40.0
40.0

172.50
172.00
174.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

62 4
41 0
21 4

40.0
40.0
39.5

112.00
115.00
106.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

504
391
113

40.0
40.0
40.0

150.00
148.50
154.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING

105
30
75

40.0
40.0
40.0

99.50
118.00
92.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------------------

430
284
146
38

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

1 2 1 . GO
118.00
126.50
114.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

137
25
112

40.5
39.5
40.5

84.00
91.50
82.50

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS -----------------------------

129

40.0

97.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

76
64

40.0
40.0

128.50
130.50

PUBLIC

U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w ee k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) ,
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e kl y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o th er public u t i l i t i e s .
3 M a y in clu de w o r k e r s o the r than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

$
95.00
96.50

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BIL LING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

and the e a r n i n g s

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e ho ur ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st ud ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y di v i si o n , C o l u m b u s, Ohio, O ct o b e r 1969)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o ur ly e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly eamings 1
$
2 .6 0

Number

O cc u pa ti on and in d u s t r y d iv i si o n

workers

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S

s
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

*
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

3 .3 0

»
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

S
3 .8 0

$
3 .90

i
4 .00

$
4 .1 0

S
4 .2 0

*
4 .3 0

S
4 .4 0

s
4 .6 0

S
4 .80

5 .00

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .80

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .10

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

A .A0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .00

over

"

-

1
~

1
-

5
4

3

7
6

5
1

6
5

2
2

3
3

2
2

12
12

i
i

1
“

5
A

_

2
“

10
10

11
10

5
5

6
4

27
25

6
6

33
33

10
10

43
43

42
41

10
7

11
11

4
4

35
34

75
41

1

3

2
2

1
1

1
1

14
14
“

3

9

12
11
1

34
31
3

-

5
5

11
7
4

1

7
4
3

9
9

1
1

4

1

6
5
1

9
9

_

-

_

-

$
and
2 . 6 0 un der
2 .7 0

and

55
40

$
3 .9 2
3 .9 9

$
3 .79
4 .0 8

$
3 .5 6 3 .6 3 -

$
4 .2 6
4 .2 6

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------------

334
285

4 .1 1
4 .0 4

4 .0 3
3 .99

3 .7 5 3 .7 3 -

4 .5 9
4 .4 6

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

138
99
39

3 .9 0
3 .9 6
3 .7 2

3 .83
3 .85
3 .64

3 .6 1 3 .7 2 3 .4 9 -

4 .1 5
4 .1 7
4 .1 3

“

2
2

_
-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER
MANUFACTURING ----------------

95
80

3 .2 3
3 .2 1

3 .2 7
3 .42

2 .7 9 2 .7 6 -

3 .5 7
3 .5 7

10
10

5

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING ------------------

79
73

3 .1 6
3 .17

3.0 9
3 .15

2 .9 3 2 .9 3 -

3 .4 4
3 .44

_

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING --------------------------

322
289

4 .1 5
4 .2 2

4 .1 9
4 .3 4

3 .7 4 4 .0 2 -

4 .5 8
4 .7 0

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING------------------------

200
194

4 .2 1
4 .2 0

4 .0 4
4 .0 3

3 .8 3 3 .8 3 -

4 .8 2
4 .8 1

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------------------

525
138
387
302

3 .8 5
3 .7 4
3 .8 9
4 .0 2

4 .0 7
3 .76
4 . 12
4 . 13

3 .5 7 3 .5 6 3 .5 8 4 .0 6 -

4 .1 5
4 .0 5
4 .1 6
4 .1 7

_

_

_

-

-

-

14
14

24
10
14

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

450
399
51

3 .7 2
3 .68
4 .0 9

3 .74
3.7 1
3 .88

3 .2 7 3 .2 0 3 .8 1 -

3 .9 9
3 .98
4 .7 3

_
-

_
-

-

5
5
-

A
A

MILLWRIGHTS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

258
257

3 .8 9
3 .8 9

3 .86
3 .87

3 .3 7 3 .3 7 -

4 .4 0
4 .4 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

OILERS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

84
83

3 .3 3
3 .3 2

3 .26
3 .25

3 .1 2 3 .1 1 -

3 .5 9
3 .5 8

_

-

-

5

-

-

*

5

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

41
31

3 .9 0
4 .1 3

4 .1 2
4 .1 6

3 .4 8 3 .8 6 -

4 .6 2
4 .6 4

4

_

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

115
111

4 .1 1
4 .1 3

4 .4 1
4 .4 2

3 .5 7 3 .5 3 -

4 .7 2
4 .7 2

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------------------------

47
46

4 .4 3

4.44

4 .7 1
4 .7 1

4 .3 3 4 .3 4 -

4 .7 6
4 .7 6

TOOL ANO 0 1E MAKERS--------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

666

4 .64

657

4 .6 5

4 .7 4
4 .7 4

4 .4 4 4 .4 5 -

4 .9 3
4 .9 3

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING --------------

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o rk on w ee ke nd s,
F o r de fin it io n of t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, t a b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o th er pu b li c u ti l it i e s .




~
-

_

_

-

A

1
1

-

10
10

A
4

6
6

A
A

5
1

6
*

-

13
13

10
6

13
12

A
A

A
-

5

5

A

A

18
16

-

4
A

-

_

_

-

-

-

~
3

6

15
6
9

_

8
8

20
20

2
-

5
5

-

27
27

2
2

A
4

9
8

3

11
9

11
2

26
21

1

5
5

13
11

16
16

51
51

5

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

“

“

“

A
A

23
21

43
43

_
*

30
30

52
52

20
20

51
51

A
4

9
9

9
9

9
9

10
10

5
5

7
7

5

58

-

A

55

11
1
10
7

11
2
9
8

48
27
21
12

221
10
21 1
203

18
~
18
18

5

1
1
~

4
A
“

_

_

A
i

-

-

48
46
2

-

18

-

1
1
"

5

3

56
A8
8
8

13
12
1

80
80

15
15
~

-

24
24

30
26
A

36
30
6

46
46
“

26
6
20

63
63
-

4
A
“

-

_

A
A

82
82

21
21

6
6

-

12
11

7
7

8
8

31
31

-

14
14

14
14

17
17

3
3

_

12
12

2
2

16
16

_

_

_

-

1
1

2
1

2
2

2
1

_

2

_

5
5

-

3
3

15
15

12
12

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

5
5

and la te sh i f ts .

-

48
14
34
19

_

5
4

A

_

36
36

1
1

21
21

29
29

36
36

-

-

_

-

1

-

-

_

-

1
1

2

i
i
-

9
9

-

1
“

-

"

“

11
11

1
“

”

5

-

-

7
7

25
25

35
35

_

-

-

1
1

4
4

7
7

25
25

-

-

48
48

38
37

8
8

56
55

1 82
1 82

269
269

A

_

5
5

-

1

4
l

1

-

32
5
27
24

“

3

-

15
1
14

-

-

1

2
“

2

-

1
1
-

“

-

3

11
10
1

-

-

h o li d a y s ,

_
-

i

1

3
3

_

i

$
2 .7 0

7
7

2

5

1
1

_

-

4

*

11
10

23

23

3
2
1

10
10

18

-

4

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , C o lu m b u s, Ohio, O cto b e r 1969)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s of-

Hourly earnings2

i
t
1.6C 1 .7 0

Number

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

i
1.80

i
1.90

i
*
2 . 00 2 . 1 0

$
2.20

$
2 .30

s
$
2 . 40 2 . 5 0

s
2.60

$
2 .70

S
S
2 . 80 2 . 9 0

$
$
3 . 10 3 . 2 0

t
3.40

t
3.60

1.90 2.00

2 . 10 2 . 2 0

2 .30

2.40

2 . 50 2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0

2.80

2 . 90 3 . 0 0 . 3 . 1 0 3- 20 3 . 4 0

3 .60

3.80 4 .00

$
1.70
3.19
1.67

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

$
1.652.611.64-

$
2.43
3.74
1.74
-J
V
J1

$
2.08
3.10
1.76

o
0
1

68 0
165
515

3
1

6
4
2

12
10
2

11
5
6

12
5
7

6
3
3

24
16
8

16
13
3

“

66
66
~

-

4

10

2

5

3

16

13

-

i
~ i ------ 1 ----3.80 4 .0 0 4 .2 0

S
and
1 . 6 0 u n d er

and

1.70

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

t
3.00

1.80

“

350
3
347

98
98

26
7
19

9
9

8
5
3

13
10
3

2
2
“

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

15
11
A

ii

A

4.20

over

2
2
”

-

-

~

~

66

2

-

-

134

3.34

3.70

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

31

2.11

2.11

1.87-

2.19

-

3

-

7

-

5

10

-

-

-

3

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

JA N IT O R S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 ----------------------

2,492
848
1,644
120

2.15
2.56
1.93
2.70

1.95
2.61
1.79
2.94

1 .7 2 - 2.60
2 .2 7 - 2.87
1 .6 7 - 1.99
2 .4 0 - 3.05

41
41
“

515
6
509

341
42
299
~

145
3
142
10

381
125
256

45
3
42
6

51
10
41
1

67
34
33
4

76
42
34
5

64
39
25
6

134
•100
34
~

23 3
199
34
12

47
10
37
6

61
35
26
~

71
54
17
16

63
15
48
45

44
21
23
5

44
44
~
~

69
66
3
“

“

_

_
~

-

“

JA N IT O R S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------

437
50
387
37

1.84
2.69
1.73
2.23

1.71
2.59
1.69
2 .2 2

1 . 6 5 - 1. 8 C
2 .1 8 - 3.32
1 .6 4 - 1.77
2 .0 6 - 2.27

3

209
20 9

120
120

11

5
5

27
9
18
16

5
5
-

18

1
1
“

5
5
~

6
6
-

5
5
“

_

3
3
-

_

1
1

11
11
-

_

-

3
3
“

_

“

4
2
2
2

1

3

_
“

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 ----------------------

1,987
1,327
660
240

2.91
2.84
3.06
3.67

2.93
2.78
3.19
3.88

2 .5 5 - 3.43
2 .5 5 - 3.09
2 .5 0 - 3.70
3 .2 8 - 3.95

_
-

40
40

44
44

16
15
1

212
194
18

21
5
16

-

42
26
16

196
181
15
15

135
135

30

1
1

146
143
3
"

86
82
4
A

85
28
57

295
215
80
7

37
31
6

92
47
45
42

211
179
32
8

120
32
88
“

164
164
164

9
9
“

3.31
3.17
3.38

3 .3 3
3.21
3.39

3 .0 4 - 3.72
2 .9 5 - 3.42
3 .0 6 - 3.81

_
-

_

_
-

-

_
-

3
3

18
i
17

15
i
14

1
1
"

A

i
3

23
14
9

-

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

999
329
670

33
30
3

53
49
A

203
28
175

21
21
“

181
81
100

76
74
2

1A9
2
147

188
10
178

5
5
*

-

-

26
n
15

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

595
305

3.12
2.71

3.46
2.85

2.432.04-

3.75
3.18

_

18
A

18
18

6
6

12
12

8
8

5
5

15
15

26
26

16
16

35
35

19
19

29
29

259
1

6
6

5
5

7
7

PACKERS, SHIPPING

OR DE R

FILLERS

-----------------------------------------

_

11
*
30

A

-

9
-

40
31

37
37

24
24

1
1

30

A

-

10

-

i
i

3
1
2

5

115

-

-

5

20

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

21
17
4

6
5
1

11
7
4

18
17
1

19
13
6

16
3
15

8
5
3

11
8
3

17
2
15

16
13
3

15
15

5
5

6

16
2
14

2
2

3
3

1
1

3
-

20
20

6
4
2

31
A
27

33
31
2

3
2
1

32
29
3

24
18
6

6
i
5

1
1

7
7

-

_

16

24

-

2

-

~

-

-

-

*

16

24

“

24
19
5

-

-

13
13

-

-

5
5

-

38
15
23

67
29
38

20
9
11

58
6
52
8

10
6
A

108
105
3

2.57

-

-

38

2 .5 7 - 3.47
2 . 6 6 - 3.2C
2 .3 8 - 3.66

-

-

1
1

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

188
125
63

3 . 18
3.27
2.99

3.14
3.19
3.05

2 .9 4 - 3.55
2 .9 9 - 3.57
2 .7 7 - 3.19

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

137
61
76

2.84
2.90
2.80

2.84
2.89
2.59

2.562.682.5 1 -

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------

2,343
779
1,564
718

3.45
3.36
3.49
3.90

3.64
3.61
3.82
4.04

3 .0 4 - 4.03
2 .9 8 - 3.81
3 .0 5 - 4.05
4 .0 1 - 4.07

203
105
98

2.64
3.00
2.26

2.42
2.93
2.32

2 .3 0 - 3.05
2 .5 4 - 3.72
2 .0 1 - 2.38

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le ,




5

"
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

22

9

-

22

9

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

22

-

22

“

2
2

1.87-

2.96
2.89
3.06

-

5
5

-

2.52

3.02
2.94
3.09

-

“

-

2.33

208
94
114

3.16
3.23
3.14

-

18

23 4

*

_

7
7

(WOMEN) ---------------

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

-

18
18

33
10
23

_

_

-

34
1
33

-

22
22

-

_

ii

5
5

18
-

3

~

50
14
36

15
6
9

4
A

A
A

“

18
9
9

3
3

7
7

"

-

21
1
20

134
62
52

13
10
3

70
33
37

~

8

~

~

195
18
177
4

76
22
54
7

_

15
15

6
6

10
10

8
8

8
7
1

-

-

no
_

-

6
8

~

“

2

242
209
33
3

238
154
84

735
38
697
578

35
1A
21

30
30

_

_

-

”

206
18
188

6

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , C o lu m b u s, Ohio, O c to b e r 1969)

%

1.90

N u m b e r of wc r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rl y e a r n i n g s of—
$
*
%
$
%
S
$
$
S
t
t
2.00 2 .10 2 .20 2 .30 2 .40 2 .50 2 .60 2.70 2.80 2 .90 3.00 3.10

1.70

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

TRUCKDRI VERS 5 -

woikers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10 2 .2 0

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

-

~
-

9
9

28
23

-

23
23

2
2

2
2

46
44

15
15

3
3

-

11
11
“

31
29
2

%

$
3.40

$
3.60

3 .8 0 4 .0 0 A .20

over

4
4

t
3.80

S

S
-

2 .70 2.80

2 .90 3.00

and

3.10

3.20

3.40

3.60

66
52
5

5
-

51
51
51

8
7
~

129
A
"

141
141
122
549
9
540
456

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------

818
634
178

$
3.23
3.16
3.85

$
3.10
3.07
4.03

$
$
2 .9 2 - 3.85
2 .7 9 - 3.59
3 .5 7 - 4.C6

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------

792
108
68 4
461

3.83
3.06
3.95
4.03

4.03
2.84
4.04
4.05

3 .8 4 - 4.06
2 .7 3 - 3.48
4 .0 1 - 4.07
4 .0 2 - 4.07

TRUCKERS, POWER (FO R K LIFT) ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

834
695
139

3.11
3.07
3.34

3.07
3.04
3.60

2.852.833.32-

3.44
3.40
3.73

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

38
36

3.26
3.28

3.42
3.43

3.093.12-

3.49
3.49

1
2
3
4
5

$
3.20

$
and
1 60 un der

O

*
1.80

$
1.60

o
o

S
1.70

Hourly earnings2
Number

~
-

-

-

-

14

“

“

~

14

D a ta lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r 'o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w ee k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and type of tr u c k o p e r a te d .




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12
11

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10
A

55
55

3
3

38
37

179
173

35
35

_

62
AA

4
4

A
A

-

1
1

13
10
3

90
12
78
2

3
3
3

75
15
60

55
53
2

79
79
“

88
80
8

117
116
1

78
78
~

61
19
42

111
111

125
62
63

8
1
7

“

2

2
2

6
6

_

_

6
6

_

_

_

22
22

1
1
~

Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t it s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t , th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n t a l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s ;

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b il lin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y i n v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n f o ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
and sta n d a r d ty p e s of s a l e s an d c r e d it s l i p s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y han d.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n der g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk i n v o l v e s p o s t in g a n d b a l a n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s i n g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
a l l g r o u p of lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s " o r - p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t i e s in v o l v e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g i n f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a l c u l a t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t i e s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e i n f o r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
i n e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s t in g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e r o u t in e
a c c o u n t in g w o rk i s s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

13

14
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u l a t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E

BOY OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

SEC R ET A R Y
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in d iv id u a l. M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l i n q u i r i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e n a t u r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , an d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu s io n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ich th e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in it io n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e no t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A
a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f a m a j o r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la ss B
a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a ­
tio n s^ e t c .) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; o r




a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in th e d e fin it io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv i d e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o £
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 3 0 p e r s o n s ) ; o £
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t a k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)
ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e f o llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; an d a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s an d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g f o llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; a n d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e i n f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d te le p h o n e i n f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

15
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t an d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s.
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's ti m e w h ile at
sw itc h b o a rd .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f ta b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h i n e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , a n d p e r f o r m s d if f i c u l t
w ir i n g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u i r in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s no t in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c t io n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t ta b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir i n g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e b u t s m a l l t a b u l a t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f n ew e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y an d do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e o ut b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a i l .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e of th e f o llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a tio n , e t c . , of t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n if o r m i t y an d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

D RA FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts an d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip l e f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s i n it i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f

c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s re q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith i n it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s no t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W o rk i s

c lo s e ly su p e r v is e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s * i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a l u a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d la y i n g o ut o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

16
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A I N T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t i n g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

ST A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s :
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in i n g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g .w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i h d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s i o n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r i c a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y i n g o u t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l in g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y i n g o ut o f th e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a li n in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o i l o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts an d r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , an d f ix tu r e s o f an e s ta b lish m e n t.
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e f o ll o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f i n i s h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite l e a d , a n d o th e r p a in t i n g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s ta b lish m e n t.
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo ll o w i n g : L a y i n g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a t i n g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g i n s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n t s a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l l i n g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p l u m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T I V E (M A I N T E N A N C E )

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo ll o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l l i n g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo ll o w i n g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o u t a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f




M A IN T E N A N C E

17
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g , f it t in g , an d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t of w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r ’ s w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l an d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
G U A RD AN D W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a t e
a n d c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .
JA N I T O R ,

PO RTER,

OR CLEA N ER

S H I P P I N G A N P R E C E I V IN G

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s ; A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a te ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s of la d i n g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s an d r e je c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

(S w e e p e r; ch arw o m an ; ja n it r e s s )
F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; an d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w in do w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LA BO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e i g h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t ,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e st o c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a tin g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r. r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r lV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (lV 2 to an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

w o rk ers a re

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r of
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f i t e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s an d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a t a on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t go o d s an d
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a;re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( f o r k lif t)
p o w e r ( o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )







A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----T h e n in t h a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to rn ey s, c h e m ists, e n g in e e rs, engineering tech n ician s, d raftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , job a n a l y s t s ,
d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s of office
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1617, N a tio n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m in is t r a t iv e , T ec h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , Ju n e 1968. Sev en ty -iiv e
ce n ts a copy.




A rea W age Su rveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t of the W a ge and H o u r an d P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D . C . , 204 0 2 , o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
A rea
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1969 1------------------------------------------A lbany— c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1969 1_________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x. , A p r . 1969_____________________
A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1969----B
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1969 --------------------------------------------_
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A ug. 1969____t ________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r th u r—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1____
P
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 19 6 9 ___________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1969 1___________________ ______
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, J u l y 1968 1 __________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g. 1969______________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , Nov. 1968 1 ______________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t., M a r . 1969 1 ____________________________
C an to n , Ohio, M a y 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 _________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1969______________ _______________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1969 -------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 _______________________________
C i n c in n a ti , Ohio— y .— n d . , M a r . 1969 1 ________________
K
I
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1969 ____ _________________________
C o l u m b u s , Ohio, O ct. 1969__ __________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , O ct. 1969----- 1_____________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iowar-Ill.,
R
M
O ct. 1 9 6 8 ________________________________________________
D ay ton , O hio, J a n . 1969 1 _______________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r . 1969___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h ., J a n . 1969 1 _____________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , Oct. 1969------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1------------------------------------H o u sto n , T e x . , M a y 1969 1----------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., Oct. 1969----- -------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1969 1_____________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1969 1 _________________________
K a n s a s C ity , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 ___________________
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1 9 6 9 _-_______
H
N
L i t t l e R o c k ^ N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1969_______
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1969 1 ___________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—
Ind., Nov. 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1969 ----------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1969 ___________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n .— r k . , Nov. 1968_______________________
A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1------------------------------------------M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1969-----------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
M i n n e a p o l is —
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1969________________

B u lletin n um ber
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1660-1 1,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1625-6,
1660-16,
1625-35,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1625-16,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1660-18,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1660-25,
1625-45,
1625-37,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
45 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-78,
1625-33,
1625-53,
1660-3,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1625-49,
1625-66,
1625-47,

50
30
30
30
30
35
25
35
35

D a ta on esta b lish m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p le m e n tary w a ge provision s are a lso p resen ted.




cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents

A rea

B u lle tin num ber
an d p r i c e

M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1969______________
New H a v e n , Con n ., J a n . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1969 1 _________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s—
P
H a m p to n , V a . , J u n e 1968______________________________
O k l a h o m a C ity , O k l a . , J u l y 1969 1______________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 1969________________________
P a t e r s o n — lift o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1969____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1968______________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1969______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1969______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . , M a y 1969______________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w ic k , R .I .— a s s . ,
P
W
M
M a y 1969 1 ______________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1969________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1969______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),

1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88,

30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
60 c e n t s

1575-85,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1625-20,
1625-76,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1969 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , Mo.—111., M a r . 1969 1________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , U tah, D e c . 1968_________________________
S a n An ton io, T e x . , J u n e 1969 1 _________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s id e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
O
O ct. 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________________________
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , O ct. 1968______________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1969________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969________________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , Nov. 1968 1 ___________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p t . 1969-------------------------------South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1969-------------------------------------S p o k a n e , W a s h ., J u n e 1969 --------------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1969----------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A ug. 1969 1______________
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h ., F e b . 1969 1________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1969____-__________________________
U tic a—R o m e , N .Y ., J u l y 1969___________________________
W a s h in g to n , D .C .—
Md.— a . , S e p t. 1968_________________
V
W a t e r b u r y , C on n ., M a r . 1969___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, N ov. 1 9 6 8 1_____________________________
W ic h ita, K a n s ., D e c . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1969 -----------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969____________________________________
Y o u n g sto w n — a r r e n , O hio, Nov. 1968__________________
W

1625-72,
1625-64,
1625-36,
1625-85,

30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1625-25,
1625-32,
1625-44,
1625-21,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1625-43,
1660-14,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1625-57,
1660-21,
1660-1,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C .

20212

OFFICIAL BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
I------------------------------------------------------------

FIRST CLASS MAIL