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4.2,0 S“SOOO  Area Wage Survey  Cleveland, Ohio, Metropolitan Area September 1980  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3000-46   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Lake  Geauga  ]  —naasaS^sT  Preface  This bulletin provides results of a September 1980 survey of occupational earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the Cleveland, Ohio, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau’s regional office in Chicago, 111., under the general direction of Lois L. Orr, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received. .... Unless specifically identified as copyright, material in this publication is in the public domain and may, with appropriate credit, be reproduced without permission.  Note:  .  .  Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the Cleveland area are available for the laundry and dry cleaning (September 1980), miscellaneous plastic products (January 1979), electric appliance repair (November 1978), hospitals (September 1978), and nursing homes and related facilities (September 1978) industries. Also available are listings of union wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. A report on occupational earnings and supplementary provisions is available for municipal workers in the city of Cleveland. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau’s regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Area Wage Survey  Cleveland, Ohio, Metropolitan Area September 1980  U.S. Department of Labor Ray Marshall, Secretary  Contents  Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner December 1980 Bulletin 3000-46  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C, 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price $3.25. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents, G.P.O.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  SjTEsO),  Page  Introduction.................................................................................. 2 Tables: Earnings, all establishments: A- 1. Weekly earnings of office workers............................... 3 A- 2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers.................................................... 6 A- 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex ...................................................................... 8 A- 4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers........................................ 10 A- 5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers .................................................. 11 A- 6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex .................................................................... 13 A- 7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupation groups.............................. 14 A- 8. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for office clerical occupations ....................... 14 A- 9. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for professional and technical occupations............................................................ 15 A-10. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations........................................ 16 A-11, Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for material movement and custodial occupations............................................ 16 Earnings, large establishments: A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers............................. 17 A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers.................................................. 20  Page Tables—Continued A-14. A-15, A-16. A-17.  Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.......... Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers....................................... Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers........................................... Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex .............................................................  Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions: B- 1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks......................................... B- 2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production and related workers................................................. B- 3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full­ time first-shift workers................................. B- 4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers .... B- 5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers............................................... B- 6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers......................................... B- 7. Health plan participation for full-time workers.......................... Appendixes: A. Scope and method of survey B. Occupational descriptions . .  22  23 24  ?5  26  27 28 29 30 33 34  36 42  Introduction  This area is 1 of 71 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, earnings data for selected occupations (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is obtained every third year. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropoli­ tan area surveyed; the second presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­ ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.  A-series tables  Tables A-l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. The occupations are defined in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey areas, tables A-12 through A-17 provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more. Table A-7 provides indexes and percent changes in average hourly earnings for office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers. Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage trends after elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among establish­ ments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A. Tables A-8 through A-11 provide measures of average pay relationships within establishments. These measures may differ considerably from the pay relationships of overall area averages published in tables A-l through A-6. See appendix A for details.  B-series tables  The B-series tables present information on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks; late-shift pay provisions and practices for production and related workers in manufacturing; and data separately for production and related workers and office workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers; paid holidays; paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plan provisions; and health plan participation.  Appendixes  Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides information on the scope of the area survey, the area’s industrial composition in manufacturing, and labor-management agree­ ment coverage. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field representatives to classify workers by occupation.  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours* (stand­ ard)  Weekly e arnings (in doll ars)'  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  110 and under 120  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  130  140  150  160  170  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  “420  440  Secretaries....................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanutacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  4,744 2,504 2,240 466  39.0 39.0 38.5 38.5  266.00 270.50 260.50 343.50  250.00 256.50 240.00 351.00  299.50 308.00 289.50 406.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  18 18 6  26 26 12  29 _ 29 -  79 19 60 6  381 147 234 6  786 433 353 13  Secretaries, class A..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  304 174 130  38.5 39.0 37.5  340.00 325.50 360.00  331.50 285.50- 383.50 306.50 276.00- 357.50 363.50 320.00- 387.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ _ -  . _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Secretaries, class B..................... Manufacturing........................... Nonmanufacturing......................  871 419 452  39.0 39.5 38.5  297.50 309.00 286.50  281.50 252.00- 333.50 288.00 259.00- 346.00 280.00 248.00- 316.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  4 _ 4  Secretaries, class C..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,653 1,001 652 76  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.5  263.00 270.00 252.50 300.50  251.50 253.00 250.00 304.00  288.00 303.50 280.00 327.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  4 4 -  3 3 -  Secretaries, class D..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities.........................  1,392 750 642 95  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.0  233.50 242.00 224.00 262.00  220.00 200.00- 253.50 224.50 203.00- 273.50 218.50 197.50- 240.00 260.00 179.00- 353.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  6 6 6  18 _ 18 12  Secretaries, class E..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  371 160 211  38.5 39.5 38.0  218.00 249.50 194.00  213.00 187.00- 244.00 247.50 216.00- 269.00 198.00 175.00- 212.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  12 _ 12  Stenographers................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  566 316 250 200  39.5 39.5 40.0 40.0  271.00 256.50 289.00 305.50  262.50 245.00 307.50 315.50  _ _ "  Stenographers, senior................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  296 177 119  39.5 39.5 40.0  276.00 267.50 288.50  274.00 236.50- 315.50 258.50 235.00- 294.50 315.50 248.50- 315.50  Stenographers, general............... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  270 139 131 95  39.5 39.5 40.0 40.0  265.50 242.00 290.00 314.00  256.00 197.00- 336.00 226.00 184.00- 274.50 281.50 228.50- 346.50 336.00 254.00- 362.00  Transcribing-machine typists.......... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  285 61 224  39.0 38.0 39.0  175.50 192.00 171.00  172.00 188.00 168.00  159.50- 187.50 168.00- 201.50 158.00- 181.00  Typists.............................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,863 471 1,392  39.0 39.5 38.5  204.00 201.00 205.00  190.00 190.00 189.50  Typists, class A............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,003 203 800  38.5 39.5 38.5  212.00 207.00 213.00  Typists, class B............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  860 268 592  39.0 39.5 39.0  195.00 197.00 194.50  216.50222.50210.50284.00-  224.50225.50221.00263.50-  216.50213.00239.50271.50-  315.50 291.00 336.00 336.00  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  742 366 376 29  592 342 250 10  297 216 30  395 206 189 28  277 183 94 25  249 169 80 42  176 92 84 63  89 56 33 25  113 49 64 42  _ -  -  4 3 1  58 56 2  35 17 18  37 25 12  32 16 16  30 15 15  22 7 15  5 _ 5  23 5 18  102 26 76  121 75 46  151 76 75  136 61 75  65 23 42  70 40 30  40 14 26  2 _ 2 -  54 13 41 -  282 190 92 -  353 207 146 13  228 136 92 1  231 124 107 16  160 77 83 7  88 54 34 7  97 71 26 14  4 _ 4 -  47 19 28 6  244 118 126 6  378 211 167 12  226 108 118 2  184 80 104 3  54 32 22 2  45 39 6 3  72 66 6 6  50 42 8 8  4 _ 4  21 _ 21  26 _ 26  68 16 52  97 27 70  43 25 18  51 48 3  14 9 5  12 12  15 15  5 5 -  25 21 4 -  12 10 2 1  44 22 22 12  59 43 16 14  65 51 14 7  64 43 21 13  44 25 19 11  43 30 13 9  76 13 63 63  40 12 28 28  _ _ -  _ _ -  1 1 -  2 1 1  14 8 6  30 19 11  43 34 9  39 32 7  23 151 8  30 25 5  63 12 51  23 7 16  12  _ _ -  . _ _  5 _ 5 -  24 20 4 -  10 9 1 -  30 14 16 12  29 24 5 4  22 17 5 4  25 11 14 6  21 10 11 3  13 5 8 4  13  17  25  12 12  12 12  14  48 6 42  55 12 43  43 6 37  82 18 64  16 9 7  5 5  5 4 1  1 1 -  1  _ _ -  5\3  63 38 25 25  103 27 76 *72  23  10  12  6  30 15 15  43 16 27  54 46 8  18 14 4  1  46 32 14 10  29 26 3 3  32 27  23  7  5  -  -  -  56 27 29 29  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  6  1  21  -  -  3  2  -  -  -  -  28  14  37 23 14  21 3  -  21  -  -  -  _  _  3  -  -  3  -  -  _  _  _  _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  -  -  -  -  166.00- 226.50 172.50- 211.50 163.50- 228.50  _ -  6 6  76 12 64  138 11 127  130 30 100  216 63 153  155 33 122  380 144 236  265 76 189  108 21 87  82 34 48  53 21 32  26 8 18  210 5 205  4 2 2  3 3  2  -7  195.50 195.00 198.50  169.00- 237.50 178.50- 234.50 168.00- 245.00  _ -  3 3  18 6 12  62 62  44 9 35  137 22 115  84 16 68  180 63 117  147 31 116  83 19 64  54 19 35  36 8 28  12  2  12  132 4 128  2  -  184.50 188.00 184.50  159.00- 211.00 165.50- 206.00 153.00- 211.50  _ -  3 3  58 6 52  76 11 65  86 21 65  79 41 38  71 17 54  200 81 119  118 45 73  25 2 23  28 15 13  17 13 4  14 8 6  78 1 77  2 2  3 3  3  440 and over  113 80 33 32  29 _ 29  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  1  -Continued  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (stand­ ard)  Occupation and industry division  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  110 and under 120  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  130  140  150  160  170  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  440 and over  File clerks................................ Manufacturing................... Nonmanufacturing............  841 141 700  38.0 39.0 38.0  167.00 170.50 166.50  150.00 139.00- 175.50 159.00 149.00- 183.00 147.00 137.00- 174.50  15 15  95 95  115 6 109  193 48 145  110 23 87  65 15 50  68 9 59  56 25 31  13 4 9  3 1 2  7 4 3  75 1 74  3  15  3  2  3  -  -  -  -  File clerks, class A............. Nonmanufacturing............  86 64  37.0 36.5  197.00 197.50  170.00 170.00  154.00- 247.00 153.00- 229.50  _  _ -  _ -  6 6  29 17  7 7  9 8  7 6  5 4  -  4 ■  11  2  6  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  File clerks, class B............. Manufacturing................... Nonmanufacturing............  496 63 433  37.5 39.5 37.0  174.00 171.00 174.50  152.00 149.50 152.00  142.00- 183.00 149.00- 183.50 142.00- 180.50  15 15  15 15  82 6 76  115 28 87  64 3 61  33 2 31  39 1 38  39 18 21  7 2 5  2  3 3  64 " 64  1 “  9  3  2  3  -  -  -  -  File clerks, class C............. Manufacturing................... Nonmanufacturing............  259 56 203  39.5 38.5 39.5  143.50 161.50 139.00  140.00 160.50 136.00  129.50- 156.00 141.00- 172.50 126.50- 140.00  _ -  80 80  33 33  72 20 52  17 8 9  25 13 12  20 7 13  10 6 4  1 1 —  1  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  16 16  41 5 36  44 7 37  46 27 19  48 16 32  29 16 13 1  64 16 48 13  35 4 31 14  23 10 13 9  4 2 2 2  1  1  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  24 “ 24 24  1  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  24 3 21  42 22 20 4  39 18 21 3  28 15 13 7  11 3 8 3  6 4 2 2  4 2 2 2  15 4  9  12  1  9  1  2  -  11  6  10  -  3  -  -  -  -  2  ■  Messengers............................ Manufacturing................... Nonmanufacturing............ Public utilities................  377 104 273 65  38.5 39.5 38.5 39.0  180.00 175.50 181.50 245.00  166.50 148.50165.50 157.00167.00 144.00230.00 203.50-  195.00 186.00 203.50 298.00  _ -  Switchboard operators........... Manufacturing................... Nonmanufacturing............ Public utilities................  294  212.50 245.00 199.00 292.50  195.00 156.00221.00 195.00176.00 148.50313.00 234.50-  237.50 275.50 224.00 333.00  _  208 51  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  606 300 306  39.0 39.5 38.5  186.50 191.50 181.00  184.00 195.00 177.00  172.00- 207.00 172.50- 213.00 167.50- 201.00  29 28 1  47 47  26 20 6  _  102 25 77  144 80 64  123 81 42  53 26 27  20 16 4  11 6 5  *  t "  1  -  1  -  -  -  -  48 16 32  -  -  1 157  237.00 232.50 240.00  229.50 198.00- 260.00 222.50 200.00- 244.50 230.00 197.00- 271.50  _ _ -  _ _ -  5 5  7 7  1 1  33 21 12  64 27 37  189 61 128  199 105 94  161 94 67  205 62 143  78 45 33  35 6 29  109 7 102  12 4 8  8 4  28  13  8  1  1  695  39.5 39.5 40.0  299 136 163  39.5 39.5 40.0  263.50 246.50 278.00  250.00 239.50- 312.00 234.00 208.50- 267.50 260.00 250.00- 312.00  _  _  _  _  -  -  13 13  35 35  27 27  104 25 79  24 12 12  9 5 4  69 5 64  3  4 4  4  -  6  1  _ ”  -  176 48 128  164 70 94  134 67 67  101 37 64  54 33 21  26 1 25  40 2 38  9  651 296 355 42  375 159 216 19  278 161 117 17  141 76 65 11  128 88 40 19  180 46 134 118  39 36 3  32 14 18  26 12 14  Switchboard operatorreceptionists........................ Manufacturing................... Nonmanufacturing............ Order clerks........................... Manufacturing.................. Nonmanufacturing........... Order clerks, class A.......... Manufacturing.................. Nonmanufacturing............ Order clerks, class B.......... Manufacturing.................. Nonmanufacturing............ Accounting clerks.................. Manufacturing.................. Nonmanufacturing............ Public utilities............... Accounting clerks, class A. Manufacturing.................. Nonmanufacturing........... Accounting clerks, class B. Manufacturing................... Nonmanufacturing............  . .  858 .  . .  2,627 559  39.0 39.5 39.0 40.0  228.00 226.50 228.50 220.00 224.50 217.50 306.00  217.00 219.00 215.00  190.00- 243.50 190.00- 241.50 190.00- 254.50  200.00 176.50209.00 187.50196.00 170.00324.50 286.00-  246.50 250.50 246.00 335.50  . . .  396 204 192  39.0 39.0 39.E  290.00 281.50 299.50  284.50 231.00- 330.50 255.50 231.00- 321.50 307.00 239.00- 345.50  .  559 677  39.C 39.E 38.E  238.50 233.00 243.50  226.50 225.00 229.00  39.C 39.C 39.C 40.C  199.50 205.00 196.5C 297.5C  190.00 197.0C 187.5C 315.5C  Accounting clerks, class C Manufacturing................. .. Nonmanufactunng........... . Public utilities.............. . See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  532  39.5 39.5 40.0  1,194 126  -  3 3  16 16  35 35  13 13  -  “  .  .  _ -  _ -  _ "  16 _ 16  : 5 5 58 32 26  -  -  200.00- 270.00 198.00- 260.00 202.00- 298.50  _  _  173.00184.00170.00245.50-  —  208.00 213.50 204.00 315.50  24 24  -  1  -  : 7 7  -  -  -  1 1  33 21 12  64 27 37  179 16 163  177 19 158  -  -  320 94 226  420 142 278 9  813 320 493 32  4  8  4  8  14 12 2  39 20 19  54 37 17  -  4 "  24  13  2  -  1  238 33 205 176  78 26 52 43  55  20  29  6  17  47 37  18  18  36 21 15  61 20 41  17 7 10  22 2 20  5 2 3  20 2 18  5 5  14 14  8  18 18  29 16 13  38 23 15  83 53 30  110 34 76  255 123 132  204 89 115  150 63 87  54 30 24  68 52 16  36 18 18  149 10  24 15  7 5  56 1 55  80  202 57 145  229 54 175 1  600 241 359 6  308 14S 159  108 29 79 14  71 48 23 7  36 18 18 3  31 24 7 5  62 7 55 55  5 3 2 2  9  8  12  5  7  12  1 45 32 13  -  4  8C  -  4  -  -  6  3  3  -  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours' workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range2  Accounting clerks, class D........... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  682 118 564 188  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  202.50 200.00 203.00 289.00  174.00 150.00184.00 172.50170.00 150.00307.00 211.50-  Payroll clerks................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  710 363 347 67  39.5 39.0 39.5 40.0  227.50 240.00 214.50 267.50  215.00 190.00- 247.50 221.00 200.00- 263.00 195.50 177.00- 240.00 254.00 238.50- 324.50  Key entry operators......................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,742 863 879 164  39.0 39.0 39.0 40.0  215.00 223.00 207.00 276.50  200.50 177.00205.00 184.00197.00 167.00299.00 220.00-  238.50 242.00 230.00 320.00  Key entry operators, class A........ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  883 522 361 79  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5  232.50 233.00 232.50 313.50  213.00 190.00213.00 186.00209.50 194.50318.00 299.00-  262.00 256.00 268.50 325.00  Key entry operators, class B........ Manufacturing.......................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities......................... * Workers were distributed as follows: See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  859 39.0 197.00 341 38.5 208.50 518 39.0 189.50 85 40.0 242.50 37 at $440.00 to $460.00; 4  212.00 236.00 211.50 344.50  110 and under 120  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  130  140  150  160  170  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  16  12  103  16  12  103  1  8  1  8  1  51  39  1  51  39  _ _  -  _  -  -  _ _  1 1 -  -  -  189.00 160.00- 220.00 1 50 39 200.50 177.00- 225.00 177.00 150.00- 220.00 1 _ 50 39 220.00 211.50- 297.00 _ _ at $460.00 to $480.00; and 31 at $480.00 to $500.00.  70 70 ~  76 14 62 -  100 35 65 8  89 33 56 20  49 4 45 25  9 4 5 5  18 14 4 4  19 14 5 5  3  46  33  _  _  _  _  46 46  23 23  28 28  18 18  3 3  3 3 ~  62 14 48 6  55 19 36 -  139 56 83 -  106 85 21 6  130 74 56 10  53 19 34 17  36 20 16 1  39 24 15 2  21 15 6 5  19 6 13 13  5 1 4 4  14 12 2 2  5 5  115 42 73 “  132 62 70 ~  167 92 75 3  352 186 166 16  263 147 116 15  195 91 104 24  124 78 46 12  63 31 32 4  70 47 23 11  49 8 41 37  44 16 28 28  12 9 3 3  25 23 2 2  4 4 ~  57 42 15 “  71 52 19 "  217 120 97 “  144 73 71 3  81 50 31 2  80 57 23 4  40 24 16 2  59 37 22 10  31 8 23 19  39 12 27 27  10 7 3 3  9 9  111 42 69  75 20 55  96 40 56 3  135 66 69 16  119 74 45 12  114 41 73 22  44 21 23 8  23 7 16 2  11 10 1 1  18  5 4 1 1  2 2  _  5  _  18 18  23  28  -  18  440 and over  3  -  -  -  5 4 1 1  3 3  6 6  -  -  26 17 9 9  4 4  7 7  3 3  -  -  -  4 4  7 7  3 3  -  26 17 9 9  -  -  -  16 14 2 2  -  -  -  -  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980  Occupation and industry division  Computer systems analysts (business)......................... Manufacturing................ Nonmanufacturing.........  Number of workers  hours1 (standard)  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  981 433 548  39.0 39.0 38.5  461.00 478.00 447.50  460.00 384.00- 532.50 475.00 422.00- 539.50 441.50 365.00- 527.00  364 154  39.0 39.5 38.0  519.50 521.50 517.00  Computer systems analysts (business), class B........... Manufacturing.................... Nonmanufacturing............ .  414 183 231  39.0 39.0 39.0  Computer systems analysts (business), class C........... Nonmanufacturing.............  203 163  140 and under 160  220  200  180  16  2 2  .  -  “  -  -  509.00 456.00- 575.50 526.00 454.00- 566.00 500.00 467.00- 590.50  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  450.00 443.00 455.50  447.00 375.50- 518.00 460.00 386.00- 494.50 446.00 373.00- 561.00  _  _  _  _  -  -  “  -  -  -  38.0 38.0  377.00 369.50  364.50 310.50- 431.50 357.00 307.00- 426.50  _  _  _  -  -  1,124 545 579  39.0 39.5 39.0  373.50 379.00 369.00  367.50 315.50- 425.50 369.00 333.50- 425.00 359.50 290.00- 429.50  _  -  -  -  340 139  39.0 39.5 38.5  427.50 431.50 421.50  421.00 375.50- 460.50 426.50 388.00- 466.00 406.00 369.00- 454.50  Computer programmers (business), class B.... Manufacturing............. Nonmanufacturing.......  541 239 302  39.5 39.5 39.0  369.50 350.00 384.50  364.00 314.00- 412.00 339.50 314.00- 382.50 384.50 313.00- 492.50  Computer programmers (business), class C.... Manufacturing............. Nonmanufacturing.......  243 105 138  39.0 39.5 38.5  308.50 344.00 282.00  314.50 263.00- 335.50 335.50 315.00- 365.50 286.00 255.00- 315.50  Computer operators................. Manufacturing..................... Nonmanufacturing............... Public utilities..................  939 381 558 26  39.0 39.5 39.0 39.0  275.00 293.00 262.50 322.50  260.00 258.50 260.00 330.00  Computer operators, class A Manufacturing..................... Nonmanufacturing..............  302 115 187  39.0 39.5 38.5  314.00 323.00 308.00  308.00 269.00- 355.00 308.00 269.00- 372.00 305.00 269.00- 333.00  Computer systems analysts (business), class A.......... Manufacturing................... Nonmanufacturing............  Computer programmers (business).. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Computer programmers (business), class A.... Manufacturing............. Nonmanufacturing.......  210  201  224.00231.00216.50280.00-  315.50 341.00 302.50 338.50  -  66 27 39  76 24 52  101 40 61  180 107 73  124 61 63  104 70 34  103 33 70  46 17 29  19 11 8  6 5 1  4 4  2 2 -  3 2 1  15 2 13  24 12 12  75 55 20  71 20 51  59 52 7  42 30 12  44 15 29  19 11 8  6 5 1  9 5 4  12 5 7  30 9 21  49 22 27  40 14 26  46 22 24  71 44 27  50 40 10  40 17 23  61 3 58  -  -  -  2 ■  -  -  -  34 29  14 11  21 13  31 25  34 26  3 2  5 4  _  3 2 1  31 4 27  48 11 37  82 17 65  46 25 21  83 34 49  140 96 44  92 49 43  105 65 40  81 54 27  161 73 88  103 73 30  98 26 72  26 10 16  15 1 14  7 5 2  “  “  -  3 3  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  23 9 14  24 17 7  34 17 17  25 22 3  77 41 36  88 62 26  25 17 8  11 9 2  15 1 14  7 5 2  -  -  _  _  -  -  _  -  4  -  7 1 6  4  -  3 3  3 2 1  9 4 5  27 8 19  44 11 33  27 19 8  34 19 15  64 57 7  48 17 31  59 37 22  54 30 24  69 17 52  12 8 4  73 9 64  15 1 14  “  “  -  -  “  “  -  _  _  _  -  -  ~  -  -  22 22  21 3 18  34 6 28  19 6 13  42 14 28  53 30 23  20 15 5  12 11 1  2 2 “  15 15 -  3 3 ~  “  “ '  " '  2  108 46 62  131 30 101 6  58 29 29 3  70 18 52 -  42 16 26 10  49 16 33 2  21 14 7 1  27 20 7 3  24 24 “  1 1  “  147 76 71 -  5 5 -  “  99 46 53 1  33 7 26  -  85 21 64 ”  10 10  2  27 2 25  5 4 1  16 7 9  24 10 14  41 16 25  34 14 20  60 8 52  30 14 16  16  17 14 3  32 6 26  11 5  10 10  16 11 5  10 10  10 2 8  32 1C 22  4  1 1  15 15  -  5 5  —  193 73  217.00 230.00 209.50  214.00 232.50 189.00  184.00- 241.5C 199.00- 253.5C 180.00- 225.0C  2  120  39.0 39.5 38.5  54  38.5  224.0C  225.0C  188.00- 252.5C  2  -  27  -  2  28  40 25 15  54 11 43  60 25 35  99 46 53  75 9  63 21 42  26 6 20  23 14 9  24 20 4  15  2  1C  2  4  14  18 3C 3C  14 1C  73 68 5  8€ 8C  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  66 16 50  6 6  Computer operators, class C Manufacturing..................... Nonmanufacturing..............  268.50- 369.5C 261.00- 377.5C 302.00- 363.0C  22 9 13  26 22  -  319.5C 307.0C 329.0C  680 and over  9 7  252.50 225.00- 288.50 253.50 231.00- 353.00 250.00 220.00- 274.00  321.0C 317.5C 333.0C  600  680  16 16  273.50 299.00 254.50  39. 5 39. 0 40. 0  -  640  640  -  39.0 39.5 39.0  1,480 1,158 322  -  6 2 4  600  2 2  444 193 251  Drafters...................... Manufacturing...... Nonmanufacturing  '  16  35 9 26  560  560  “  Computer operators, class B Manufacturing..................... Nonmanufacturing..............  Computer data librarians  -  15 4 11  520  480  440  400  380  360  340  320  300  280  260  240  520  480  440  400  380  360  340  320  300  280  260  240  220  200  180  160  6  126 98 28  66  6  10  ~  “  5 5  10 10  1 1  -  -  _ 1  “  -  -  6  13 13  -  -  -  14£ 128 21  132 121 11  138 82 5C  187 94  9C  117 10C 17  118 8C 38  102 100 2  112 88 24  57 37 20  42 38  J  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 —Continued Weekly e irnings (in doll ars)'  Average Occupation and industry division  hours1 ers ard)  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 140  Mean*  Median*  Drafters, class A...... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  419 351 68  39.5 39.0 40.0  388.00 387.00 393.00  379.50 345.50- 421.00 380.00 345.00- 420.00 371.50 366.50- 432.00  Drafters, class B...... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  597 395 202  39.0 39.0 40.0  326.50 324.50 330.00  322.00 293.50- 346.50 316.50 279.00- 360.00 327.00 305.00- 333.50  Drafters, class C.. Manufacturing....  342 300  39.5 39.5  268.00 268.00  Drafters, class D.. Manufacturing....  91 81  39.5 39.5  826  Electronics technicians, class A. Manufacturing........................... Registered industrial nurses......... Manufacturing.......................... See footnotes at end of tables.  Electronics technicians...   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  Middle range* 160  22 22 -  3 3 -  34 34 -  75 65 10 <  84 55 29  52 51 1  76 64 12  28 16 12  38 38  -  4 2 2  15 15 -  6 3 3  105 89 16  47 37 10  107 63 44  147 59 88  35 28 7  27 23 4  47 46 1  22 10 12  28 20 8  4  22 21  31 31  120 95  39 37  60 59  21 16  6 1  6 6  4 2  3 3  14 14  1 1  1 1  57 57  27 22  1  4  -  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  3  71  200  149  77  78  55  65  34  22  30  7  6  21  _  _  _  -  -  12 12  31 19  27 11  28 8  10 2  10 2  28 20  7 2  6  -  1 1  5  -  _ -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  2 1  8 7  35 22  15 15  13 13  27 19  19 15  8 4  19 17  13 13  13 13  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  _ -  _  253.50 241.50- 287.00 255.50 241.50- 286.50  _  221.50 216.00  210.00 209.50- 230.00 210.00 209.50- 230.00  _  39.5  301.50  271.50 253.00- 337.50  172 84  39.0 40.0  372.50 366.00  346.00 318.50- 411.00 336.00 304.50- 411.00  172 139  40.0 40.0  360.00 367.50  353.50 295.00- 409.50 353.50 310.50- 412.50  . _  -  _ _ -  -  _ -  7 2 5  2 2  13 12  -  . -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  7  680 and over  3 1 2  -  -  -  -  4  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  7  _  _  _  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  7  _  _  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980  Sex,1 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  T  167  38.0 38.0  178.00 175.50  375  40.0 40.0  260.50 254.50  172  40.0  280.50  252 228 Accounting clerks: Accounting clerks, class A....................................  Sex,1 occupation, and industry division  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Office occupations -  40.0 40.0  ■ 1  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Stenographers: Stenographers, senior: Stenographers, general........................................  Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................. Typists: Manufacturing..................................................... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  201  39.5  205.50  268  39.5  197.00  803 139 664  38.0 39.0 37.5  163.50 170.50 162.00  79 57  36.5 36.0  187.50 185.00  467 63 404  37.5 39.5 37.0  170.50 171.00 170.50  257 54 203  39.5 39.0 39.5  143.50 160.00 139.00  1 , A  Typists, class B: Manufacturing...................................................... Manufacturing......................................................  246.50 238.50  86  39.5  294.00  78  40.0  313.00  4,703 2,492 2,211 466  39.0  265.50  Messengers...............................................................  184 82  39.0 39.5  167.00 171.00  38.5 38.5  260.50 343.50  Switchboard operators.............................................  303 173 130  38.5 39.0 37.5  340.00 325.00 360.00  270 84 186  39.0 39.5 39.0  208.00 241.00 193.00  414 452  39.0 39.5 38.5  307.50 286.50  Nonmanufacturing................................................  606 300 306  39.0 39.5 38.5  186.50 191.50 181.00  1,646 995 651 76  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.5  262.50 269.00 252.50 300.50  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  703 413 290  39.5 39.5 40.0  220.50 223.50 215.50  1,391 750 641 95  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.0  233.50 242.00 224.00 262.00  371 160 211  38.5 39.5 38.0  218.00 249.50 194.00  303  39.5  254.50  170  39.5  263.50  221 133  39.5 39.5  263.50 243.00  61 224  39.0 38.0 39.0  175.50 192.00 171.00  Office occupations Cjuimlaiin Manufacturing......................................................  469  39.5  200.50  AV€ rage (m aan2)  Average (mean2)  Average (mean1)  Nonmanufacturing................................................ Switchboard operator-  Order clerks, class A.............................................  127 111  39.5 39.5  240.50 237.00  Order clerks, class B............................................. Manufacturing.......................................................  576 302 274  39.5 39.5 40.0  216.00 219.00 212.50  3,661 1,457 2,204  39.0 39.5 39.0  211.50 219.50 206.00  314 163 151 32  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.5  282.50 272.00 294.00 353.00  1,048 525  39.0 39.5  225.50 226.50  1,742 657 1,085  39.0 39.0 39.0  195.50 204.00 190.50  557 112  39.5 39.5  193.00 198.00  Accounting clerks, class C................................... Manufacturing......................................................  Manufacturing.....................................................  8  of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  670 352 318  39.0 39.0 39.5  222.00 235.50 207.00  1,673 851 822  39.0 39.0 39.0  213.50 221.00 206.00  859 510 349 77  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5  231.00 230.00 233.00 313.00  814 341 473  39.0 38.5 39.0  195.50 208.50 186.00  721 364  38.5 39.0  451.00 487.00  287 189  39.0 39.5  515.50 529.00  152  39.0  447.00  166 143  38.0 38.0  380.00 376.50  387  39.5  381.00  246 156 90  39.0 39.5 38.0  420.00 429.00 404.00  171  39.5  347.00  120 60 60  39.5 40.0 39.0  327.00 355.00 299.50  608 256 352  39.0 39.5 38.5  283.50 305.50 267.50  Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  91 153  39.5 38.5  317 00 322.00 314.00  Computer operators, class B............................... Manufacturing......................................-............. Nonmanufacturing..............................................  247 119 128  39.0 39.5 39.0  282.50 324.00 244.50  Sex,1 occupation, and industry division  Key entry operators.................................................. Manufacturing......................................................  Key entry operators, class B................................  Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts (business), class B: Computer systems analysts  Computer programmers (business): Computer programmers (business), class A............................................  Computer programmers (business), class B: Computer programmers  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 —Continued Av erage (nr ean2) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Computer operators, class C................................ Nonmanufacturing.................................  Manufacturing............................ Drafters, class B.................................. Manufacturing......................................... Drafters, class C.............................. Manufacturing................................................  of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  117 71  39.0 39.0  216.00 210.00  1,312 1,061 251  39.5 39.0 40.0  316.50 312.00 335.00  388 322 66  39.5 39.0  380.50 377.50  499 358  39.0 38.5  321.50 318.00  315 276  39 5 39.5  268.00  Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Electronics technicians, class A........................... Manufacturing.....................................................  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  808  39.5  302.00  169 82  39.0 40.0  373.00 367.00  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Computer systems analysts (business): Manufacturing.................................................  Nonmanufacturing...................................... Computer operators...............................................  Computer operators, class A........................ 69  39.0  430.00  154  39.5  370.00  Computer programmers (business): Computer programmers  Manufacturing......................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  79 74  39.5 39.5  216.50 216.00  Manufacturing.....................................................  9  Registered industrial nurses..................................... 68  39.5  358.00  Weekly Weekly hours' earnings (stand­ (in dollars)1 ard)  Computer programmers  Nonmanufacturing.......................  occupations - women  Number of workers  123 78  38.5 38.0  325 119 206  39.0 39.0  259.00 254.00  55  39.5  291.00  194 71 123  39.5 39.5 39.0  260.00 252.50 264.50  76  38.5  165 -----139—j  40.0  268.50  359.50  Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of —  Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  of orkers  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  5.80 Under and 5.80 under 6.00  Maintenance carpenters... Manufacturing............ Nonmanufacturing.....  219 157 62  10.45 10.12 11.29  10.64 8.56-12.15 10.64 8.30-11.58 9.53 8.56-13.95  Maintenance electricians... Manufacturing.............  1,532 1,402  10.88 10.87  11.25 9.10-12.57 11.68 8.67-12.57  _  Maintenance painters.. Manufacturing........  127 88  10.79 10.90  10.54 9.69-12.12 11.05 9.69-12.12  _  Maintenance machinists.. Manufacturing............  392 382  9.89 9.92  9.61 8.90-10.88 9.61 8.90-10.88  _  Maintenance mechanics (machinery)................. . Manufacturing............  2,037 1,873  10.95 10.95  11.44 9.05-12.45 11.9/ 8.65-12.45  _  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)........... Manufacturing............ Nonmanufacturing...... Public utilities.........  1,207 450 757 338  9.95 9.63 10.14 11.10  10.30 8.60 10.30 11.58  8.53-11.66 7.55-12.21 9.80-11.30 10.64-11.66  _  Maintenance pipefitters.. Manufacturing..........  498 498  11.35 11.35  12.17 10.92-12.21 12.17 10.92-12.21  _  Maintenance sheet-metal workers.. Manufacturing............................  167 117  10.87 12.01  12.17 8.20-12.21 12.21 12.17-12.21  _  Millwrights............. Manufacturing..  717 717  11.52 11.52  12.21 11.97-12.21 12.21 11.97-12.21  -  Maintenance trades helpers.. Manufacturing..................  206 180  8.39 8.63  8.44 7.30- 9.69 8.44 7.30-10.41  13 9  Machine-tool operators (toolroom).. Manufacturing...........................  666 666  10.62 10.62  11.08 8.98-12.27 11.08 8.98-12.27  _  Tool and die makers.. Manufacturing......  1,718 1,718  10.66 10.66  10.99 9.28-12.45 10.99 9.28-12.45  Stationary engineers.. Manufacturing......  137 112  11.22 11.66  11.45 10.20-12.27 12.17 10.96-12.33  10.18 10.24  10.38 9.06-12.32 10.38 | 9.41-12.32  Boiler tenders................................ Manufacturing..................... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  105 103  6.00 6.20  6.20  6.40  6.40 6.60  6.60 7.00  7.40  7.00  7.80  7.40  7.80 8.20  9.00  8.60  9.00 9.40  " 150 150  9.40  9.80  9.80  10.20  11.40  10.60  11.00  10.60  11.00  11.40 12.20 13.00 13.80 14.60 15.40 27 25  20  2  2  133 131  504 504  13 3  21  10  149 149  99 99  9 5  13 12  43 43  12 12  108 106  16 16  143 51  31  103 8  -  -  599 599  1  223 71 152 150  145 117 28 28  13 13  160 160  183 183  164 2 162  122 5 117  67 67  3 3  50  -  18  244 244  168 37  184 184  111  13.00 13.80 14.60 15.40 and over  12.20  10.20  20  41  _ -  -  8.60  8.20  181 181  -  382 382  248 248  _ 194 194  -  _ _  10  162 162  206 206  142 142  124 124  599 599  121 121  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Truckdrivers, light truck...............  of workers  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  2,454 965 1,489 948  9.75 8.74 10.41 11.34  105 78  6.82 6.56  6.93 4.70- 8.77 6.56 4.70- 8.77  1,009 538  9.82 9.09  9.69 7.89-11.58 8.07 7.41-10.58  197 151  7.77 7.38  9.04 5.50- 9.85 6.95 5.00- 9.85  937 231 706  10.15 8.93 10.55  10.23 9.03-11.58 9.03 7.53- 9.48 11.58 9.35-11.58  330 269 61  7.59 7.83 6.53  7.69 6.73- 8.16 8.15 7.46- 8.16 6.05 5.85- 7.05  9.69 8.07 11.58 11.58  242 161  7.13 6.48- 8.61 7.60 6.69- 8.93 6.80 5.85- 7.69  352 247 105  7.42 7.22 7.88  7.39 6.65- 8.69 7.36 7.03- 7.74 8.69 6.38- 8.69  7.00 6.93 7.04 9.65  1,313 400 913  7.38 7.48 7.34  6.80 6.61 6.80 10.26  3.00 and under 3.20  3.20  3.40  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.80  9.60  10.40 11.20  3.40  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.80  9.60  10.40  11.20 12.00  8.07-11.58 7.21-10.10 9.35-11.58 11.58-11.58  7.49 7.83 6.98  2,036 766 1,270 50  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of —  6 6  6  6.69 6.16- 8.24 6.60 6.04- 8.24 6.70 6.16- 8.80  2,213 996 1,217  8.05 8 43 7.74  8.39 6.25-10.16 9.17 6.50-10.16 6.85 5.65- 8.67  2,259 1,858 401  8.42 8.32 8.86  8 74 6.53-10.29 7.87 6.47-10.34 8.85 8.74- 8.85  27 27  ~  18 18  8  28 28  14 14  18 14  “  10 8 2 “  13 8 5 5  38 35 3 1  50 48 2 ■  255 252 , 3 “  68 25 43 43  274 90 184 -  291 112 179 35  270 101 169 1  71 71 -  866 41 825 825  94 56 38 38  14 14 -  33 33 -  “  2  6 ”  8 2  5 2  3 3  2 2  28 20  13 11  -  2 -  -  y -  -  -  13 13  “  3 ~  19 18  18 18  175 175  26 15  137 72  59 33  112 47  35 35  314 14  56 56  14 14  28 28  14 14  6  2 “  9 9  6 6  9 9  6 6  -  36 1  61 52  5 5  1 1  -  -  -  2  2 2 “  2 2 “  12 12 -  68 68 “  4 4  109 10 99  183 76 107  97 2 95  20 20 -  431 26 405  -  -  5 5 -  53 28 25  3 2 1  12 12 -  22 6 16  14 14 -  51 39 12  110 110 -  10 8 2  14 14 -  22 22 -  -  -  -  . -  -  -  15 13  45 22 23  16 12 4  19 14 5  96 36 60  16 16 -  29 17 12  43 43 “  26 24 2  37 13 24  38 32 6  -  -  -  -  10 6  13 13 “  14  25 16 9  40 40 “  60 60 “  60 60 -  48 6 42  1 1  15 15 -  26 5 21  -  -  -  -  12  -  -  -  91 78 13 “  207 194 13 -  75 36 39 “  147 126 21 -  359, 38 321 “  79 77 2  375 67 308 -  101 6 95 3  210 36 174 20  107 68 39 27  15 15 -  -  -  -  _ -  24 24  9 9 -  527 54 473  49 9 40  27 18 9  3 3 -  76 16 60  88 87 1  335 7 328  107 107 -  -  -  -  -  “ ”  1 6  15  1  1  15  2 2  24 16 8 17  4  6.70 6.06- 9.01 8.32 6.04- 9.79 6.36 6.20- 9.01  7.16 7.18 7.13  24 16 8  “  5.90- 7.85 5.90- 7.55 6.77- 7.85 8.98-10.28  1,099 760 339  46 28 18 "  90 90  40 6 34  119 19 100  24 22  34 34  6  8 8  2  8 7  14  6  10  13  14  6  8  15  12.00 12.80 13.60 and 12.80 13.60 over  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  16 16  29 25  107 107  143 59 84  330 262 68  28 24 4  24 24 “  48 48  113 113 -  120 16 104  89 89 -  15 15 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  20 12 8  11 6  269 12 257  354 180 174  154 126 28  147 14 133  23 19 4  25 16 9  385 87 298  96 90 6  407 407 -  15 15 -  240 240  -  -  -  70  72 72 -  570 538 32  169 169 ”  65 61 4  33 33 -  157 30 127  383 197 186  413 413 -  256 256 -  61 13 48  -  10 10  -  13 "  52 52  12 12  “  15 “  -  6 6  98 98  12 12  7 7  67 31 36  42 26 16  57 44 13  30 25 5  61 58  72 63 9  70 70 -  76 76  154 154  “  -  -  -  -  1 1  5 5  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  Power-truck operators 223 195  9.00 9.27  10.29 6.57-10.30 10.29 6.57-10.30  3,247 722 2,525  4.64 8.03 3.66  3.50 3.20- 5.30 8.15 6.05-10.05 3.30 3.20- 3.80  398  942  380  159  76  396  942  380  157  74  228 12 216  178 6 172  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  11  12 JO  117 51 66  93 88  3  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 —Continued Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 3.00 and under 3.20  3.80  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.80  9.60  3.40  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.80  9.60  10.40 11.20 12.00  20  25 _ 25  89 84 5  30  20  _  _  30  34  16  13  -  -  -  34  16  13  11 6 5  13 10 3  26 24 2  18 18 -  73 73 -  -  -  -  -  -  “  “  ”  ■  48 48 ~  46 39 7  52 52 "  3 3 “  154 154 “  -  -  -  -  55 46 9  374 259 115  211 202 9  291 291 -  33 20 13  1 1  -  -  -  -  63  16  942  379  391  379  60 2 58  191 12 179  148 6 142  27 12 15  92 51 41  4 4 -  33 31 2  26 26 “  44 44 “  19 19  942  96 2 94  60 28 32  110 6 104  432 24 408  103  66  _  _  103  66  400 76 324  252 93 159  2996 30 2966  121 57 64  89 57 32  240 115 125  168 75 93  47 39 8  53 34 19  6.19 7.87 4.88  5.61 4.46- 7.81 8.38 5.61-10.02 4.50 3.78- 6.03  5 5  Guards, class B................... Manufacturing.................... Nonmanufacturing.............  2,757 507 2,250  4.36 8.10 3.52  3.45 3.20- 4.40 7.77 6.50-10.40 3.30 3.20- 3.58  393  6,102 1,453 4,649  5.55 7.53 4.94  5.06 5.06- 5.75 8.04 5.98- 9.54 5.06 4.64- 5.06   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  3.60  1  490 215 275  Janitors, porters, and cleaners Manufacturing.................... Nonmanufacturing............. See footnotes at end of tables.  3.40  37 _ 37  Guards, class A.................... Manufacturing..................... Nonmanufacturing............. .  1  63  16 _  2  I  12  12.80 13.60 and 12.80 13.60 over  10.40 11.20 12.00  3.20  -  “ ■  -  -  Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex, In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)'  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  Maintenance carpenters.. Manufacturing............. Nonmanufacturing......  216 157 59  10.47 10.12 11.40  Maintenance electricians.. Manufacturing..............  1,501 1,371  10.86 10.85  Maintenance painters.. Manufacturing........  123 86  10.78 10.92  Maintenance machinists... Manufacturing............  392 382  9.89 9.92  Truckdrivers................. Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing.. Public utilities......  2,420 960 1,460 923  9.73 8.73 10.39 11.33  Truckdrivers, light truck.. Nonmanufacturing........  102 75  6.81 6.54  Truckdrivers, medium truck.. Manufacturing.....................  979 534  9.77 9.08  Truckdrivers, heavy truck.. Manufacturing..................  197 151  7.77 7.38  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.. Manufacturing................... Nonmanufacturing.............  937 231 706  10.15 8.93 10.55  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................. Manufacturing............  2,007 1,843  10.94 10.94  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............ Manufacturing............ Nonmanufacturing...... Public utilities..........  1,198 441 757 338  9.94 9.60 10.14 11.10  Shippers................ Manufacturing-  273 216  7.77 8.11  Maintenance pipefitters.. Manufacturing.......... .  495 495  11.34 11.34  Receivers ...................... Manufacturing.......... Nonmanufacturing....  361 224 137  7.48 7.78 6.97  Maintenance sheet-metal workers.. Manufacturing.............................  167 117  10.87 12.01  Millwrights............. Manufacturing..  696 696  11.52 11.52  Shippers and receivers.. Manufacturing........... Nonmanufacturing....  319 214 105  7.33 7.06 7.88  Maintenance trades helpers.. Manufacturing..................  205 179  8.38 8.61  Warehousemen........... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing.. Public utilities.....  Machine-tool operators (toolroom).. Manufacturing............................  1,766 685 1,081 42  7.06 6.92 7.14 9.65  652 652  10.62 10.62  Order fillers.................. Nonmanufacturing..  Tool and die makers.. Manufacturing.......  1,701 1,701  931 728  7.39 7.27  10.66 10.66  Stationary engineers.. Manufacturing.......  127 106  11.28 11.67  Shipping packers......... Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing..  727 495 232  7.48 7.52 7.37  Boiler tenders.............................. ^^lanirfacturin^^^^™™^^^  103 101  10.18 10.24  2,146 945 1,201  8.05 8.41 7.77  Material handling laborers... Manufacturing............... Nonmanufacturing__  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  13  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Forklift operators........................... Manufacturing................................... Nonmanufacturing..................................  2,144 1,784 360  8.86  Power-truck operators (other than forklift).................................. Manufacturing................................  223 195  9.00 9.27  Guards........................................ Manufacturing.............................. Nonmanufacturing.............................  2,908 676 2,232  4.67 7.92 3.68  Guards, class A.......................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing............................  437 193 244  7.64 4.92  Guards, class B.............................. Manufacturing................................. Nonmanufacturing................................  2,471 483 1,988  4.41 8.03 3.53  Janitors, porters, and cleaners.................. Manufacturing........................... Nonmanufacturing.........................  3,052 1,930  5.97 7.80 4.91  53 53  6.68 6.68  Warehousemen....................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...........................  269 81 188  6.65 7.00 6.50  Shipping packers............................ Manufacturing...................... Nonmanufacturing................  364 257 107  6.48 6.43 6.60  Guards.............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  320 292  4.03 3.50  286 262  3.90 3.39  2,896 279 2,617  5.02 6.13 4.90  1,122  8.36 8.26  6.12  Material movement and custodial occupations - women Shippers.......................... Manufacturing..............................  Guards, class B........................ Nonmanufacturing......................... Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ Manufacturing...........................  Table A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent Increases for selected occupational groups, Cleveland, Ohio, selected periods  Period*  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Nonmanufacturing  Manufacturing  All industries Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  119.2 133.7  117.0 131.0  116.0 129.0  119.9 134.5  119.4 133.1  120.5 136.4  116.3 126.4  117.0 128.2  o «  117.8 131.0  7.5  5.5 8.5 8.3 7.7 7.0 7.8 8.5  C) 8.4 7.8 7.9 6.5 7.1 8.3  7.3 10.7 9.2 8.3  12.0  11.2  7.2 10.5 8.3 6.5 12.8 7.5 11.1 11.5  7.8 10.6 8.6 7.7 10.9 8.5 11.1 13.2  5.6 9.1 7.7 6.6 8.0 7.3 8.4 8.7  0 8.6 8.7 5.8 10.5 7.9 8.4 9.6  <•) <•) n o c> o o o  6.9 9.5 9.4 6.0 o 8.4 8.7 11.2  Indexes (September 1977 = 100): 119.1 116.5 119.6 116.7 September 1979................................. 132.9 134.2 128.6 128.5 September 1980................................ Percent increases: 7.3 7.5 0 5.6 September 1972 to September 1973 10.2 10.4 8.8 8.7 September 1973 to September 1974 8.1 8.9 8.0 8.4 September 1974 to September 1975 6.8 8.0 6.8 7.1 September 1975 to September 1976 12.1 8.1 8.7 7.5 September 1976 to September 1977 8.2 7.5 7.5 7.6 September 1977 to September 1978 10.8 10.5 8.4 8.5 September 1978 to September 1979 11.6 10.1 12.2 10.4 September 1979 to September 1980 NOTE: A revised description for computer operators, not equivalent to the previous description, is being introduced in this area in 1980. Therefore, the earnings of computer operators are not used in computing percent increases for the electronic  10.1  8.9 6.9 9.0 8.3 10.1 12.2  8.2 8.0  11.0 12.2  Unskilled plant  Industrial nurses  data processing group. See footnotes at end of tables.  Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for office clerical occupations, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Office clerical occupation being compared  Class A  Class B  Class C  Tran­ scrib­ Typists ing ma­ General chine typ­ Class A Class B ists  Class D  Class E  Senior  100 Secretaries, class A....................... 100 116 Secretaries, class B...................... 100 117 134 Secretaries, class C...................... 100 115 143 130 Secretaries, class D...................... 100 123 115 145 154 Secretaries, class E...................... 100 109 112 129 119 147 Stenographers, senior.................. 100 115 121 119 140 129 161 Stenographers, general................ 100 96 112 123 116 142 151 170 Transcnbing-machine typists........ 93 94 106 122 109 147 134 158 Typists, class A............................. 105 105 124 125 137 145 161 176 Typists, class B............................. 111 « (•> 117 c) 135 134 141 File clerks, class A........................ 123 100 124 132 124 150 163 168 File clerks, class B........................ 125 126 143 147 150 170 200 216 File clerks, class C........................ 120 109 128 124 136 152 166 183 Messengers.................................. 107 108 94 108 126 114 157 147 Switchboard operators................. Switchboard operator 97 130 114 110 111 126 139 155 receptionists............................... 81 78 (*) C) 91 99 109 Order clerks, class A.................... <•) 93 84 C) 99 131 105 147 Order clerks, class B.................... 87 89 95 94 103 112 125 Payroll clerks................................ 93 99 101 103 106 118 135 152 Key entry operators, class A......... 103 102 119 115 123 135 153 173 Key entry operators, class B...... NOTE: This matrix table shows the average (mean) relationship ot earnings witnin esiaDiisnmems ueiwccn any inv occupations compared. Earnings for an occupation in the column heading are expressed as a percent of the earnings for an occupation in the table stub at the point where the data lines for the two intersect. For example, a value of 122 indicates that earnings for the occupation directly above in the heading are 22 percent greater than earnings for the occupation directly to   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  File clerks  Stenographers  Secretaries  Occupation which equals 100  Class A  Class B  Switch­ Order clerks board Switch­ Messen­ board operator gers operators -recep­ Class A Class B Class C tionists  100 119 98 113 131 115 100  100 <•> 103 122 98 88  100 o o 115 101  100 118 104 91  100 94 74  100 86  100  106 72 90 86 89 107  96 72 88 83 86 99  84 65 o 79 88 103  86 71 89 73 92 85  80 o 64 72 71 86  91 0 88 80 80 95  107 90 104 93 100 102  earnings for the occupation in the stub. See appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.  14  100 71 81 89 93 105  100 129 112 117 127  100 104 106 138  Payroll clerks  Key entry operators Class A  100  104 129  100  119  Class B  Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for professional and technical occupations, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Professional and technical occupation being compared Co mputer systems antilysts (business)  Occupation which equals 100  Class A  Class B  Computer programmers (business)  Class C  Class A  Class B  Computer operators  Class C  Class A  Class B  100 117  100  86 103  69 84  Class C  Computer data librarians  Electronics Registered technicians  Drafters Class A  Class B  100 124  100  Class C  Class D  100 121  100  Class A  nurses  100 118  100  Computer systems analysts Computer systems analysts Computer systems analysts Computer programmers Computer programmers Computer programmers (business), class C................................................ Computer operators, class A.................................... Computer operators, class B.................................... Computer data librarians......................................... Drafters, class A........................................................ Drafters, class B........................................................ Electronics technicians,  100 119  100  141  120  122  102  147 170 164 196 247 232 134 166 195 C>  141 143 165 200 197 117 150 169 (•)  100 93  100  113  124  100  133 127 145  142 140 165 210 191 108 137 166  121 112 133 159 150 95 118  160 102 119 115  142 (*) (*) Registered industrial nurses..................................... 163 141 120 137 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  100 97 112 129 133 82 97  64 80  70 85 (")  114  90 99  95  15  87  72  (*) 75  106 112  96 98  81 88  (*). (•)  Table A-10. Average pay relationships within establishments for maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupation being compared Mechanics  Occupation which equals 100 Carpenters Electricians  Painters  Machinists Machinery  Motor vehicles  Pipefitters  Sheet-metal Millwrights workers  Trades helpers  100 97 109 95  100 107 98  100 89  100  98  101  94  102  100  104 99  103 102  97 97  102 103  102 102  100 101  100  102 102 118  101 98 108  102 103 123  101 101 119  100 100 116  100 100 114  100 o o  100 117  100  97 96 101 98  102 99 98 108  101 97 100 107  100 98 98 102  100 97 97 102  99 98 <•) o  99 97 99 o  84 (•> 81 93  MachineTool and tool operators die makers (toolroom)  Stationary engineers  Boiler tenders  100 113  100  Class A  Class B  Janitors. porters, and cleaners  Maintenance mechanics Maintenance mechanics Maintenance sheet-metal 101 99 115 Machine-tool operators 101 101 97 98 106 100 108 103 Boiler tenders....................................................................................................... See table A-8 tor description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.  100 96 100 101  100 103 103  Table A-11. Average pay relationships within establishments for material movement and custodial occupations, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Material movement and custodial occupation being compared Truckdrivers  Occupation which equals 100  Tractortrailer  Receivers  Shippers Warehouse­ Order fillers and men receivers  Shipping packers  Material handling laborers  Forklift operators  Power-truck operators (other than forklift)  Guards  Light truck  Medium truck  100 (•) C) C) 97 100 105 (•) C) 137 106 98  100 86 99 116 113 93 117 112 128 111 107  100 C) (•) (*) (•) 111 103 94 115 101  100 114 112 (•) 116 120 123 111 107  100 101 (•) 105 99 106 103 101  100 P) 99 100 106 103 100  100 105 111 108 116 101  100 97 102 101 95  100 101 103 101  100 100 98  100 97  100  (•) (*) 136  (•) (•) 166  (•) C) 160  107 119 156  97 0 118  98 131 109  <•) 112 124  o <*> 119  o c) 107  o 99 101  97 126 128  100 127 114  100 o 105  100 c)  100  110  118  124  138  115  108  115  113  106  105  97  Heavy truck  Power-truck operators  Janitors, porters, and 130 176 123 P) cleaners................................................................. See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Shippers  16  100  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers-large establishments In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly earnings (in dollars)’  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of — 110  Median*  Middle range*  and under 120  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  130  140  150  160  170  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  Secretaries................... Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing... Public utilities......  3,386 2,056 1,330 130  39.0 39.0 38.5 40.0  267.50 279.00 250.00 347.00  254.50 264.50 236.50 352.50  Secretaries, class A.. Manufacturing.........  176 135  39.0 39.0  345.50 341.00  333.50 293.00- 389.50 332.50 292.00- 381.00  Secretaries, class B.. Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing... Public utilities......  540 328 212 31  39.0 39.0 38.5 40.0  317.00 323.50 306.00 383.50  299.00 311.50 297.50 385.00  270.50275.50269.00351.00-  366.00 381.00 351.00 412.50  Secretaries, class C.. Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing... Public utilities......  1,267 815 452 28  39.0 39.0 38.5 40.0  270.50 279.00 255.00 328.00  259.00 263.50 252.00 326.00  230.50232.50224.50314.00-  297.00 316.50 278.50 362.50  Secretaries, class D Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing  1,079 634 445  39.0 38.5 39.0  240.00 249.00 227.50  225.00 202.50- 259.00 234.50 207.00- 292.50 218.00 198.50- 240.00  182 87 95  Secretaries, class E.. Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing...  297 144 153  38.5 39.5 37.5  220.00  248.50 193.00  213.00 192.00- 242.50 242.50 214.50- 269.50 197.00 179.00- 208.00  Stenographers............ Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing.. Public utilities.....  523 300 223 179  39.5 39.5 40.0 40.0  268.50 261.00 279.00 293.50  262.50 247.00 306.00 315.50  Stenographers, senior.. Manufacturing............ Nonmanufacturing......  289 175 114  39.5 39.5 40.0  Stenographers, general.. Manufacturing.............. Nonmanufacturing........ Public utilities............  234 125 109 74  Typists......................... Manufacturing....... Nonmanufacturing..  218.50229.00206.00323.50-  306.00 318.50 280.00 379.00  274 103 171  527 287 240 1  503 294 209 5  422 278 144 4  359 207 152 6  313 206 107 4  228 167 61 7  207 166 41 18  150 92 58 45  34 27 7 3  4 3  19 17  23 17  31 25  21  16 15  11  16  46 36  81 37 44  104 61 43  44 23  48 40  34 14  9  21  8  20  1  2  11  1  91 71  40 32  14 14  20  8  10  163 113 50  204  122  112  1  194 124 70 1  92 4  77 45 1  277 142 135  181 108 73  136 80 56  41 32 9  45 39 6  62 16 46  74 27 47  41 25 16  38 35 3  315.50 294.50 315.50 333.50  44 12  59 43 16 14  58 49 9 7  276.50 268.00 290.00  274.00 238.50- 315.50 258.50 235.50- 294.50 315.50 252.00- 315.50  14 8  30 19 11  39 32 7  63  6  37 32 5  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  259.00 251.50 268.00 288.00  253.50 231.50 262.50 307.00  202.00201.00211.50231.50-  30 14 16  21  25  17 4 4  11  13 1  12  29 24 5 4  14 6  12 12  1,365 358 1,007  39.0 39.5 38.5  212.00  196.00 195.00 196.00  168.00- 243.00 176.50- 234.50 168.00- 252.00  99  Typists, class A........ Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  816 171 645  38.5 39.5 38.5  214.00  168.00- 245.00 178.50- 237.50 167.00- 252.00  44  214.50  196.50 200.00 194.50  Typists, class B........ Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  549 187 362  39.5 39.5 39.5  209.50 201.50 213.50  196.00 188.00 196.00  170.50- 240.00 172.50- 211.50 170.00- 245.50  420  37.0 38.5  167.00 175.50  151.50 163.50  142.00- 175.50 147.50- 186.00  File clerks.............. Manufacturing..  110  File clerks, class A.. File clerks, class C.. Manufacturing.......  206.00 214.50 211.00  192.50 38.5 38.5  152.00 159.50  218.50216.00233.50254.50-  22 22  311.00 295.50 336.00 336.00 77  76 13 63 63 12  51  270 92 178  178 64 114  21  72 34 38  205 5  78  113 16 97  76 16 60  123 37  44  86  100 31 69  78 19 59  44 19 25  127 4 123  33  30 10 20  33 17 16  147 55 92  78 33 45  21  11 22  28 15 13  78 1 77  109 23  27 15  26 3  47 25  13 4  3  7 4  15  141.00- 163.50 141.00- 165.00  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  13  17  2 19  1  8  4  47 39 8  56 27 29 4 4  109 33 76  154.00- 210.50 143.00 159.00  64 43 21  12 12  143 26 117  11 66  15  246 148 98  440 and over  200  5  8  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers-large establishments In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1960 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range*  110 and under 120  130  120 130  150  140  140  160  160  150  180  170  170  200  180  220  200  240  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  260  '280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  Messengers..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  214 73 141 47  39.0 39.0 39.0 40.0  183.00 174.00 187.50 256.00  166.00 171.50 165.00 298.00  145.00156.00144.00195.00-  189.00 181.50 195.00 298.00  _ -  -  27 5 22 -  36 7 29 “  16 8 8 -  39 16 23 -  20 16 4 1  32 10 22 13  6 4 2 2  7 4 3 3  4 2 2 2  1 1 ~  24 24 24  1 1 1  1 1 1  -  “ -  -  Switchboard operators.................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  193 86 107 36  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  227.50 245.00 213.50 284.50  206.00 180.50221.00 195.00200.00 165.00313.00 247.50-  263.00 275.50 247.00 325.00  _ -  3 3 -  7 7 -  4 4  6 6 -  9 9  11 3 8 -  38 22 16 4  38 18 20 3  21 15 6 1  6 3 3 3  6 4 2 2  4 2 2 2  15 4 11 11  9 3 6 6  6 2 4 4  Switchboard operatorreceptionists.................................  61  39.0  210.50  202.50  176.00- 229.00  -  1  -  "  -  10  9  6  17  5  4  6  “  1  “  1  25 24  37 35  56 56  27 26  13 13  10 6  49 7  12 4  _  -  440 and over  ~  “ ■  -  “ ■  1 1 _  6 6  1 1  2 2  -  ~  ■  ■  1  "  ■  5 1  7 3  13 13  8 8  1 1  1 1  -  Order clerks..................................... Manufacturing............................  283 206  39.5 39.0  262.50 253.00  241.00 219.00- 315.50 231.50 217.00- 268.50  _-  _-  5 -  4  1 -  _ -  9 8  Order clerks, class A.................... Manufacturing.............................  84 76  39.0 38.5  272.00 264.50  241.00 228.50- 304.00 241.00 228.50- 288.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _ -  -  “  10 10  27 27  12 12  6 6  5 5  9 5  3 3  1 1  4 -  -  6 6  1 1  ■  Order clerks, class B.................... Manufacturing.............................  199 130  39.5 39.5  258.50 246.00  239.00 209.50- 315.50 228.00 202.00- 248.50  _ -  _ -  5 -  4 -  1 -  _ -  9 8  25 24  27 25  29 29  15 14  7 7  5 1  40 2  9 1  4 ~  3 3  13 13  2 2  “  1 1  Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  2,284 981 1,303 523  39.5 39.0 39.5 40.0  239.50 234.50 243.50 310.00  220.50 185.00219.50 190.00221.00 179.50324.50 307.00-  301.50 265.50 318.50 335.50  _-  16 16 -  45 32 13  67 19 48 "  61 16 45 -  130 27 103 -  170 69 101 9  320 143 177 20  325 186 139 36  218 120 98 13  156 102 54 17  90 64 26 11  110 79 31 13  155 27 128 118  237 33 204 176  69 20 49 43  43 8 35 31  20 2 18 18  29 11 18 18  6 6 “  17 17 -  Accounting clerks, class A.......... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  262 133 129  39.5 39.0 39.5  313.00 306.00 320.00  310.00 263.00- 340.00 284.00 249.50- 331.50 322.50 286.50- 345.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  2 2  7 7  28 24 4  26 23 3  27 14 13  26 12 14  18 8 10  60 20 40  14 7 7  10 2 8  5 2 3  20 2 18  5 5 “  14 • 14 ~  Accounting clerks, class B.......... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  744 393 351  39.0 39.0 39.0  252.50 236.50 270.00  239.00 206.50- 318.50 228.00 202.50- 270.00 276.50 222.00- 324.50  _ -  _ -  1 1  18 18 -  19 16 3  20 17 3  36 25 11  41 13 28  114 84 30  130 69 61  72 35 37  27 24 3  53 46 7  29 12 17  149 10 139  18 9 9  7 5 2  -  6 6 ”  1 1 -  3 3 “  Accounting clerks, class C.......... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  770 362 408 114  39.5 39.0 40.0 40.0  216.50 212.50 220.50 306.50  200.00 181.50203.50 187.50196.00 176.00315.50 281.50-  233.50 229.50 243.50 315.50  _ -  _ “  32 32 -  10 1 9  12 12 _  49 2 47 -  77 22 55 1  200 103 97 ■  155 98 57 9  51 23 28 8  40 30 10 7  17 12 5 3  28 21 7 5  62 7 55 55  5 3 2 2  9 4 5 5  8 1 7 7  12 12 12  3 3 "  ■  ■  Accounting clerks, class D.......... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  508 93 415 188  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  217.50 206.00 220.00 289.00  186.50 166.00186.50 175.00186.50 160.00307.00 211.50-  266.00 242.00 307.00 344.50  _ -  16 16 -  12 12 -  39 39 -  30 30 -  61 8 53 _  57 22 35 8  77 27 50 20  49 4 45 25  9 4 5 5  18 14 4 4  19 14 5 5  3 3 3  46 46 46  23 23 23  28 28 28  18 18 18  3 3 3  -  -  -  39.0 39.0 39.5 40.0  247.00 266.50 226.00 291.50  231.50 200.00- 282.50 246.00 212.50- 298.00 220.00 183.00- 252.00 308.00 245.00- 324.50  _-  _  Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  379 198 181 49  -  1 1 “  _ -  3 3 "  14 14 “  29 5 24 -  45 11 34 “  66 52 14 “  52 27 25 10  46 19 27 11  25 14 11 1  27 24 3 2  14 9 5 5  19 6 13 13  5 1 4 4  14 12 2 2  5 5 ”  5 4 1 1  3 3 “  6 6 “  1,067 539 528 137  39.0 39.0 39.0 40.0  224.00 232.00 215.50 272.50  202.50 181.00207.00 184.00200.00 178.00299.00 230.00-  250.50 258.50 242.00 317.00  _-  1 1 -  15 15 -  20 20  67 42 25 “  55 15 40 “  93 54 39 3  254 130 124 16  147 68 79 15  106 66 40 12  65 31 34 12  39 19 20 4  50 27 23 11  43 8 35 31  44 16 28 28  12 9 3 3  25 23 2 2  17 17 ~  4 4 “  7 7 -  3 3 —  635 363 272 64  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  238.50 241.50 235.00 303.00  215.00 190.00215.00 187.50218.50 193.50312.50 299.00-  279.00 275.50 280.50 322.50  _ -  -  1 1 -  -  4 4  16 9 7 “  51 38 13 ~  169 101 68 “  88 40 48 3  67 44 23 2  46 23 23 4  34 18 16 2  45 23 22 10  25 8 17 13  39 12 27 27  10 7 3 3  9 9 “  17 17 “  4 4 “  7 7  3 3 “  Key entry operators......................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities.......................... Key entry operators, class A........ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  -  ~  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  18  “  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers-large establishments In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  of  hours’  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 110  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  130  140  150  160  170  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  440 and over  ..nH«r  120 Key entry operators, class B........ 432 38.5 202.00 191.50 164.00- 220.00 Manufacturing............................ 176 38.0 212.50 195.50 168.00- 228.50 Nonmanufacturing...................... 256 39.0 195.00 184.00 162.50- 211.50 Public utilities.......................... 73 40.0 246.00 238.50 196.00- 305.00 . * Workers were distributed as follows: 13 at $440.00 to $460.00; and 1 at $460.00 to $480.00. See footnotes at end of tables.  _  _  1  14  20  -  _  -  _  -  1  -  -  14 -  20 -  19  63 42 21  39 6 33  -  -  42 16 26 3  85 29 56 16  59 28 31 12  39 22 17 10  19 8 11 8  5 1 4 2  5 4 1 1  18 18 18  5 4 1 1  2 2 _  16 14 2 2  _  _  _  _  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers-large establishments in Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Computer systems analysts  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 140 and under 160  160  200  180  220  200  180  220  240 260  240  280  260  300  280  340  320  300  340  320  380  360 380  360  440  400  480  440  400  520  480  560  520  560  600  640  600  640  680  680 and over  778 382 396  39.0 39.0 39.0  473.00 480.50 466.50  470.50 401.00- 544.50 478.50 422.00- 539.50 450.00 390.00- 566.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  5 5  7 4 3  18 9 9  21 9 12  46 16 30  40 15 25  57 24 33  100 40 60  142 81 61  83 61 22  91 57 34  97 33 64  46 17 29  19 11  6 5  264 171 93  39.0 39.0 39.0  534.00 529.50 541.50  539.50 472.50- 602.50 531.50 476.50- 582.00 557.50 460.00- 625.00  ~  _  “  '  '  '  _-  4 4  2 2  3 2 1  2 2  23 12  49 29  30 20  46 39  36 30  44 15  19  -  .  _  -  6 5  39.0 39.0 39.5  465.00 448.00 482.00  468.50 399.00- 533.00 465.00 399.00- 495.50 494.00 397.50- 574.00  -  -  -  .  -  .-  _ -  _-  2 2  5 5 ~  11 5 6  16 9 7  23 10 13  34 14 20  46 22 24  59 44 15  50 40 10  40 17 23  61 3 58  -  “  _  Nonmanufacturing......................  347 171 176  Computer systems analysts (business), class C................... Nonmanufacturing......................  167 127  38.0 38.0  394.00 390.00  392.50 345.00- 440.50 390.00 345.00- 438.00  -  -  -  “  “  915 462 453  39.0 39.5 39.0  385.50 383.00 387.50  379.50 325.50- 443.50 375.50 335.00- 425.50 384.50 314.50- 456.00  -  -  3 3  3 2 1  14  7 5 2  “  -  275 182 93  39.0 39.5 38.0  439.00 430.50 455.00  432.50 386.50- 471.00 425.50 382.00- 468.00 446.50 403.00- 497.00  -  “  -  .  .-  450 188 262  39.5 39.5 39.0  380.00 355.00 398.00  379.50 322.00- 427.50 354.00 313.00- 391.50 401.50 339.50- 492.50  -  -  Nonmanufacturing......................  190 92 98  39.0 39.5 38.5  321.00 346.50 297.00  315.50 288.00- 340.00 339.50 312.00- 372.50 307.00 267.00- 320.00  -  -  -  Nonmanufacturing......................  601 296 305  39.0 39.5 38.5  280.00 308.50 252.50  260.00 224.50- 315.50 286.50 232.50- 372.00 245.00 210.00- 280.50  2 2  25 2 23  59 21 38  Nonmanufacturing......................  209 109 100  39.0 39.5 38.5  312.00 321.00 302.00  296.00 263.50- 352.50 307.00 269.00- 372.00 286.50 262.50- 336.50  -  -  Computer operators, class B....... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  280 161 119  39.0 39.0 39.0  279.50 310.00 238.50  245.00 219.00- 302.00 258.50 231.00- 408.50 228.00 216.50- 252.50  “  -  Computer operators, class C....... Nonmanufacturing......................  112 86  39.0 38.5  221.50 214.00  201.50 189.00  180.00- 254.50 175.50- 242.00  2 2  Computer data librarians.................  52  38.5  224.50  225.00  187.50- 253.00  349.50 349.50 347.50  344.50 299.50- 397.50 347.00 296.50- 400.50 333.50 324.50- 333.50  Nonmanufacturing...................... Computer systems analysts Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Computer systems analysts (business), class B...................  Computer programmers (business).. Nonmanufacturing...................... Computer programmers Nonmanufacturing...................... Computer programmers Nonmanufacturing...................... Computer programmers (business), class C...................  Computer operators, class A.......  Nonmanufacturing...................... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  737 646 91  38.5 38.5 40.0  “  -  -  5 5  5 3  13 9  6 6  28 23  11  13  25  26  2  5 4 1  32 5 27  59 17 42  43 25 18  67 28 39  87 57 30  70 49 21  92 52 40  81 54 27  137 67 70  90 60 30  98 26 72  26 10 16  _  _-  _  _-  9 9 *  20 17 3  34 17 17  25 22 3  53 35 18  75 49 26  25 17 8  11 9 2  15 1  7 5  "  -  '  1 1 '  “  15  “  “  5 4 1  11 2 9  40 11 29  24 19 5  24 13 11  38 31 7  33 17 16  46 24 22  54 30 24  69 17 52  12 8 4  73 9 64  15 1 14  ~  -  “  ”  _-  21 3 18  19 6 13  19 6 13  42 14 28  40 17 23  17 15 2  12 11 1  2 2  15 15  3 3  “  -  -  "  -  -  -  ~  55 20 35  80 38 42  74 37 37  73 24 49  55 29 26  29 18 11  26 16 10  28 16 12  15 8 7  13 7 6  27 20 7  24 24  5 5  10 10  1 1  -  -  ~  1 1  5 4 1  12 7 5  20 10 10  39 16 23  32 14 18  19 8 11  20 14 6  16 6 10  11  12  10  -  -  1  -  -  -  3  6  11 5 6  30 19 11  41 11 30  52 24 28  50 27 23  19 3 16  15 11 4  10 10  4 2 2  11 10  4 " 4  1  15 15  13  5 5  10  ”  -  -  -  25 23  28 26  9 4  16 9  4 4  15 10  8 4  -  2  1  -  -  1  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  2  3  15  4  4  14  5  5  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  5 5 -  13 13 -  16 16 ”  30 30 ~  18 18  55 51  50 49 1  67 51 16  93 45 48  83 81 2  57 49 8  75 74 1  90 88 2  40 37 3  42 38  3 1  -  -  .  -  -  -  -  3 3  3 2 1  _  _-  20  4  -  -  -  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers-large establishments In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Drafters, class B...........................  Electronics technicians, class A... Electronics technicians, class B...  Manufacturing............................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Average Number weekly Of hours' workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly e arnings (in doll ars)'  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 140 and under 160  264 255  39.0 39.0  402.50 403.50  393.50 354.50- 435.50 393.50 354.50- 436.50  335 265 70  38.5 38.5 40.0  338.50 336.00 346.50  333.50 299.50- 367.50 321.00 296.50- 373.00 333.50 333.50- 333.50  111 104  39.0 39.0  283.00 279.50  254.50 228.00- 342.00 250.50 228.00- 341.00  220 204  39.5 39.5  358.00 352.50  339.50 300.00- 403.50 333.50 300.00- 384.00  76 66  40.0 40.0  393.50 380.00  403.50 318.50- 431.00 358.00 317.50- 416.50  -  117 111  39.0 39.0  350.50 351.50  340.50 289.00- 380.50 340.50 289.00- 379.00  140 119  40.0 40.0  374.00 377.00  361.50 321.00- 413.00 370.50 320.00- 429.50  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  “  12 12  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  2 2  3 3  15 15  47 46  34 30  38 38  64 64  16 16  38 38  3 1  -  -  -  -  39 38  38 37  57 45 12  72 29 43  29 28 1  19 17 2  34 33 1  12 10 2  23 20 3  4 4  -  -  -  -  -  7  3 3  6 1  6 6  4 2  3 3  14 14  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  15 15  11  8  15 14  11 11  16 15  30 30  26 26  26 26  13 12  14 14  22 21  7 2  6 -  15 15  7 7  -  -  -  -  -  1  6 6  13 13  11 11  2 2  2 2  2 2  20 20  7 2  5 -  .  7 7  -  -  -  15 15  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  21  4 2  25 25  4  -  -  680 and over  12 11  10 10  10 9  13 13  9 9  18 18  11 10  12 12  2 1  _  -  1 -  1  8 7  9 8  15 15  13 13  21 13  19 15  8 4  19 17  13 13  13 13  -  .  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex-large establishments In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  100 53  39.5 39.0  331.00 303.00  433 221 212  39.0 39.5 38.5  289.50 319.50 258.00  170 91 79  39.0 39.5 38.5  312.50 322.00 302.00  188 112 76  39.5 39.5 39.0  295.50 331.50 242.50  75 57  39.0 38.5  221.00 218.00  607 568  38.5 38.5  344.00 342.00  233 226  39.0 38.5  392.50 392.00  234  38.0  327.50  97  38.5 38.5  279.00 276.00  202 187  39.5 39.5  366.50 361.50  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  73 64  40.0 40.0  395.00 382.00  111 105  39.0 39.0  355.00 356.00  Computer systems analysts (business): Manufacturing......................................................  69  39.0  430.00  Computer programmers (business): Manufacturing......................................................  142  39.5  369.50  Computer programmers (business), class B: Manufacturing......................................................  62  39.5  360.00  Computer programmers (business), class C............................................  90  38.5  310.00  162 69 93  39.0 39.5 38.5  249.00 260.50 240.00  Computer operators, class B................................  89  39.0  241.50  Registered industrial nurses..................................... Manufacturing......................................................  133 119  40.0 40.0  373.50 377.00  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Computer programmers  Office occupations men Accounting clerks: Manufacturing......................................................  66  39.5  306.00  Accounting clerks, class A....................................  56  40.0  350.00  Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts (business): 313  39.0  491.50  203 150  39.0 39.0  530.00 540.50  140  39.0  454.00  141 118  38.0 38.0  392.50 391.00  316  39.5  388.00  Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts (business), class B: Computer systems analysts (business), class C............................................  It  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  srage san3)  Average (mean3)  Average (mean3)  Nonmanufacturing................................................  Drafters, class A.................................................... Manufacturing.......................................................  Professional and technical occupations - women  Computer programmers (business): Computer programmers (business), class A............................................  199 143  39.0 39.5  427.00 427.00  126  39.5  353.00  Computer programmers (business), class B:  Drafters, class B:  Manufacturing......................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  22  of workers  Table A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers-large establishments in Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Maintenance carpenters.. Manufacturing............ Nonmanufacturing..... .  177 125 52  10.68  11.23  10.92 9.09-12.17 11.03 9.80-12.12 9.45 8.56-13.95  Maintenance electricians.. Manufacturing..............  1,158 1,049  11.65 11.69  12.38 11.08-12.57 12.38 10.82-12.57  Maintenance painters.. Manufacturing........  106 88  10.92 10.90  Maintenance machinists.. Manufacturing............  227 225  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................. Manufacturing............  1,620 1,483  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)........... Manufacturing............ Nonmanufacturing...... Public utilities..........  445 235  10.84  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 5.80 Under and 5.80 under 6.00  6.20  6.40  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.40  12.20 13.00  6.20  6.40  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.40  12.20  13.00 13.80 14.60 15.40  15.40 and over  _  _ -  3 3 -  27 6 21  2 2 -  13 11 2  *7 3 4  3 3 -  7 7 -  19 18 1  18 18 -  27 25 2  20 18 2  1 1 -  11 1 10  9  1  9  1  “  -  9 9  2 2  12 12  30 30  9 9  10 10  38 38  44 44  18 18  51 41  56 55  143 51  133 131  504 504  66 63  30 30  1 -  -  "  ~  “  “  -  **  1 1  9 5  5 5  _ -  13 12  2 2  17 15  5 4  5 1  43 43  4 -  -  2 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  '  “  12 12  5 5  6 6  54 52  5 5  22 22  30 30  32 32  16 16  16 16  23 23  3 3  2 2  1 1  -  2 2  -  -  2 2  4 4  18 18  28 28  38 38  35 35  82 82  64 60  36 36  37 37  64 62  168 37  244 244  599 599  121 121  72 72  6 6  -  -  “  3 3 “  -  _ -  2 2 -  28 26 2 -  30 2 28 28  17 17 1  23 23 23  3 2 1 1  10 5 5 3  68 8 60 60  45 1 44 44  71 71 _ -  145 117 28 28  _ _  _ _  _  -  -  -  -  2 2  -  -  15 15  29 29  8 8  _ -  13 13  22 22  34 34  18 18  160 160  183 183  -  -  -  -  50  2 2  9 9  _  -  36 36  67 67  -  -  -  -  _ -  24 24  181 181  382 382  -  -  -  -  ■  ■  2 2  11.13 9.69-12.12 11.05 9.69-12.12  ■  ■  10.83 10.84  10.82 9.61-11.57 10.82 9.61-11.61  -  11.63 11.67  12.12 10.92-12.45  -  10.45-12.21 11.59-12.21 9.60-11.30 9.60-11.30  ■  ■  -  —  210  188  10.66  11.30 12.17 10.64 10.64  Maintenance pipefitters.. Manufacturing...........  498 498  11.35 11.35  12.17 10.92-12.21 12.17 10.92-12.21  ■  -  -  -  2 2  12 12  Maintenance sheet-metal workers.. Manufacturing............................  167 117  10.87 12.01  12.17 8.20-12.21 12.21 12.17-12.21  -  -  -  -  ■  ~  -  -  “  Millwrights............ Manufacturing..  680 680  11.67 11.67  12.21 12.07-12.21 12.21 12.07-12.21  -  -  -  '  -  ~  -  _  24 24  9 9  Maintenance trades helpers.. Manufacturing..................  153 139  8.99 9.11  9.11 7.52-10.55 9.16 8.44-10.58  9 9  ■  -  ~  “  “  12 2  22 22  Machine-tool operators (toolroom).. Manufacturing............................  570 570  10.95 10.95  11.50 10.17-12.27 11.50 10.17-12.27  -  ■  ■  '  “  -  18 18  Tool and die makers.. Manufacturing......  1,101  11.59 11.59  12.40 10.99-12.45 12.40 10.99-12.45  -  *  *  -  -  15 15  Stationary engineers.. Manufacturing......  122 112  11.35  -  -  3  11.66  11.81 10.26-12.27 12.17 10.96-12.33  -  ■  Boiler tenders....... Manufacturing..  103 103  10.24 10.24  10.38 9.41-12.32 10.38 9.41-12.32 —j  2 2  -  “  “  -  -  _ -  3 3  18 18  15 15  _  -  10 10  -  17 17  _ -  26 26  4 -  22 22  8 8  2 2  13 13  19 19  15 15  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  6 6  18 18  31 31  26 26  1 1  17 17  52 52  49 49  11 11  42 42  51 51  248 248  -  -  -  -  “  5 5  “  -  21 21  25 25  47 47  51 51  11 11  142 142  124 124  61 61  599 599  -  -  -  -  ■  1 '  -  ~  1 ”  11 6  10 10  “  3 3  4 4  13 13  6 6  27 27  27 27  11 11  5 5  -  -  6 . 6  2 2  9 9  3 3  _ -  1 1  2 2  14 14  3 3  19 19  7 7  -  35 35  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  14.60  9 9 “  ”  11.07 11.56 10.51  1,101  13.80  “  ■  12.27 10.92-12.45  "  6.00  23  -  -  .  Table A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers-large establishments in Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  of workers  Truckdrivers................ Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing.. Truckdrivers, light truck....  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 00 nd der 20  3.40  3.20 3.40  3.60  10.20 9.57 10.40  10.32 9.06-11.58 9.85 9.20-10.53 11.58 9.04-11.58  -  -  -  -  57  8.39  8.74 8.15- 8.93  -  -  -  -  110  9.41  9.85 9.04- 9.85  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer .. Manufacturing................... Nonmanufacturing............  419 120 299  10.36 9.90 10.55  10.23 9.35-11.68 9.48 9.42-11.29 11.68 9.35-11.68  -  -  -  -  -  -  98 78  8.43 8.78  8.75 7.05-10.23 9.20 8.15-10.44  -  -  -  Receivers............. Manufacturing-  172 94  7.91 8.93  7.05 6.80- 9.63 9.21 7.38-10.44  -  -  -  7.74 7.48-10.08 7.74 7.27- 7.89  127 105  8.28 7.77  Warehousemen.......... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing . Public utilities.....  763 201 562 50  7.89 8.92 7.52 9.65  Order fillers........... Manufacturing..  736 352  8.29 7.86  9.01 7.13- 9.01 8.40 6.08- 9.79  7.60 7.68  6.83 6.55- 9.01 6.69 5.83- 9.86  534 333  7.69 8.98 6.80 10.26  6.80- 8.80 7.74-10.22 6.80- 8.80 8.98-10.28  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  5 5 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  -  5 5 -  -  11 8 3  48 5 43  124 20 104  213 48 165  103 73 30  43 43 -  480 27 453  ■  -  2  -  2  5  3  2  28  13  -  2  -  3  -  3  -  -  35  61  5  1  -  2 2 -  4 4 -  29 10 19  150 43 107  22 2 20  20 20 -  179 26 153  -  -  -  -  _  _  -  2 2 -  -  2 2 -  2 2 -  2 2 -  15 15  3 2  .  1 1  -  16 16  10 8  14 14  22 22  _  "  16 -  _  -  -  "  “  .  ~  -  -  -  1 -  1 -  2 -  5 3  4 -  7 2  78 18  3 3  4 4  9 9  12 10  13 13  32 32  -  -  -  -  1 -  -  -  -  _  “  "  4 4  2 2  _  _  15 15  47 47  6 6  1 -  15 15  26 5  -  -  3 3  -  -  2 2  _  -  4 4  -  -  _  -  9  12  3  54 54  _  _  -  -  321 -  15 3  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  95 68 27 27  -  -  208 36 172 20  15 15  -  23 21 2 -  15  _  3 3  321  _  ”  -  -  -  9  .  .  _  _  _  3 -  _  _  _  5 4 1 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  12 -  -  -  -  2 2  -  6 6  6 6  24 24  9 9  60 54  43 3  27 18  3 3  16 16  88 87  335 7  107 107  _  -  8 8  _  -  2 2  -  -  2  8 -  4 -  2 -  15 8  4 2  4 4  12 12  69 69  8 8  139 71  28 24  _  _  89 89  15 15  -  -  120 16  -  -  15 15  -  -  “  407 407 “  15 15 “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  ”  -  -  2  14  6  7 4 3  2 2 -  -  41 25 16  147 14 133  14 10 4  25 16 9  343 45 298  _  _  4 4  -  6 2 4  -  47 27 20  34 34 -  29 25 4  19 19 -  157 30 127  299 113 186  413 413 “  256 256 “  13 13 “  “  10 10 “  -  -  -  -  -  12 12  -  15 -  -  6 6  98 98  12 12  7 7  1 1  5 5  2 2  34 9  45 12  9 4  53 17  42 26  57 44  16 11  61 58  72 63  70 70  76 76  154 154  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  “  73 73  _  _  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  9.48 9.81 8.56  9.92 8.85-10.34 10.34 9.52-10.40 8.82 8.74- 8.85  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Power-truck operators (other than forklift).... Manufacturing.........  158 143  10.02 10.25  10.29 10.10-10.30 10.30 10.29-10.37  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1,370 556  5.90 8.74  4.90 3.25- 8.46 9.10 7.77-10.40  284 2  118  44 -  47 2  26 2  104 -  58 6  . . .  362 131 231  6.64 9.32 5.13  6.25 4.50- 8.85 9.95 8.46-10.05 4.95 4.05- 6.19  5 5  -  Guards, class B.. Manufacturing...  . .  1,008 425  5.63 8.57  4.03 3.10- 8.43 8.63 7.03-10.40  279 2  118  . Janitors, porters, and cleaners.. . Manufacturing...................... See footnotes at end of tables.  2,994 875  6.11 8.40  5.06 5.06- 7.24 9.17 6.74- 9.97  16  78 6  13  26 24 2  “  “  26 26  44 44  5 5  48 48  46 39  52 52  3 3  154 154  -  -  -  ■  147 54  34 26  50 31  27 18  153 66  205 202  291 291  33 20  1 1  -  -  “  -  30  20  25  5  34  16  13  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  1  19  16  37  30  20  25  5  34  16  43  28 2  10 2  67 -  28 6  14 9  20 12  4 4  19 17  25  44 -  183 18  50 24  1472 24  41 18  39 7  67 59  24  ”  13 10 3  37  _  38 10  -  11 6 5  16  _  -  -  18 18  19  1  Guards, class A....... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing ..  ~  51 37 14  _  1,287 946 341  6  -  11 6 5  7 4 3  Forklift operators.......... Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing...  14  -  11 6 5  3 2 1  8.67 7.05-10.16 10.14 8.52-10.35 8.54 6.85- 8.67  2  -  48 42 6  8.54 9.24 7.68   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  9.60  10.40 11.20 12.00 12.80 13.60  2  1,154 635 519  . .  9.60  20 18 2  -  Material handling laborers... Manufacturing............... Nonmanufacturing........  Guards.................. Manufacturing ..  8.80  8.00  7.60  12.00 12.80 13.60 and over  10.40 11.20  8.80  10 7 3  -  -  8.00  7 2 5  -  -  -  7.20  6.80  6.40  7.60  7.20  6.80  4 2 2  _  -  -  6.00  5.60  6.40  6.00  5.60  2 2 -  _  -  5.20  5.20  4.80  _  1 2 2  4.80  4.40  4.40  _  Shippers............... Manufacturing..  Shippers and receivers.. Manufacturing..........  4.00  4.00  3.80  1,070 260 810  Truckdrivers, heavy truck..  Shipping packers... Manufacturing-  3.80  3.60  ~  Table A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers by sex-large establishments in Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Sex,® occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men  Maintenance electricians............................. Maintenance painters................................ Manufacturing..............................................  1,084 1,084  11.59 11.59  112 106  11.43 11.67  1,127 1,018  11.65 11.69  Boiler tenders........................................ Manufacturing.......................................  101 101  10 24 10.24  86  10.91 10.92  227  10.83  1,036 255  10 17 9.54 10.38  54  8.47  436 226 210 188  11.06 11.57 10.51 10.66  495 495  11.34 11.34  167 117  10.87 12.01  659  11.67 11.67  Manufacturing............................................................  152 138  8.97 9.09  Manufacturing.................................................  556 556  10.97 10.97  Millwrights...................................................  Material movement and custodial occupations - men Truckdrivers......................................... Manufacturing.............................  9.41 Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.............................................  419 120 299  10.36 9.90 10.55  88 72  8.47 8.79  Receivers................................................ Manufacturing...........................................  142 82  8 00 8.85  Shippers and receivers............................... Manufacturing.....................................  107 85  8.23 7.59  Warehousemen........................................... Manufacturing.........................................  617 180 437 42  8.00 9.06 7.57 9.65  Nonmanufacturing.............................................. Shippers...............................................  Public utilities......................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  25  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  453  8.43  311 215  8 29 8.25  Material handling laborers........................................  1,099 596 503  8.52 9.19 7.73  Manufacturing...............................................  872  9.80  158 143  10.02 10.25  1,248 510  8.65  313 109 204  6.57 9.20 5.17  935 401  5.65 8.51  1,568 648  6.69 8.86  215 110  6.40  103  5.39  Shipping packers..........................................................  Stationary engineers.......................................... Manufacturing...................................  11.67  Maintenance pipefitters.........................................................  Tool and die makers.............................................. Manufacturing............................................. 10.68  M53  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............................................... Manufacturing........................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................. Public utilities..........................................  Number of workers  174 125  Maintenance mechanics Manufacturing.................................................  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Power-truck operators (other than forklift)................................ Manufacturing..................................... Guards................................................. Manufacturing........................................ Guards, class A.................................................. Nonmanufacturing....................................... Guards, class B......................................  Material movement and custodial occupations - women Manufacturing...................  Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for Inexperienced typists and clerks In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Other inexperienced clerical workers*  Inexperienced typists Minimum weekly straight-time salaries7  $195.00 and under $200.00..................................................................... $200.00 and under $205.00..................................................................... $215.00 and under $220.00..................................................................... $220 00 and under $225.00..................................................................... $225.00 and under $230 00.....................................................................  $300 00 and under $305.00..................................................................... $305.00 and under $310.00..................................................................... Establishments having no specified Establishments which did not employ  40.00-hour schedules  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  37.50-hour schedules  industries  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  37.50-hour schedules  207  86  XXX  121  XXX  XXX  207  86  XXX  121  XXX  XXX  50  27  23  23  11  8  102  57  51  45  27  11  _ 1  2 2 2 3 5  1 2  1 1 1 2 2  1 5 7 5 4 4 6  1 1  1 1 _  -  2 1 4 5 5 7 6 6 2  3  2 3 2 4 8 4 2 4 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1  _ _ _ _ 1 3 2 1 3 1 1  _ 2 1 3 4 5 6 6 6 1  -  _  1 7 8 9 9 9 13 8 1 6 4  _  _  1 2  1 ■ 2  1  1  — -  2 1 2  2 1 2  2 -  2 -  1  1 -  3  3  1 1 1  1 1  1 -  1 _  -  “ ~ -  “  _  1 3 2 1 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1  2 “ 3 2 _  — _ 1 2 1  -  2 2 1 2 1 4 1  1  -  ■ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  2  2  -  _  _  _  -  _  _  _  -  _  _  _  -  -  _  _  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  1 2 -  1 2 -  2 -  -  -  -  _  _  -  -  1 1 -  1 “  1 ~  -  -  —  1  -  _  -  1  _  _  _  _  _  -  _  -  -  _  _  2  1  -  —  ~ _  ■  1  -  “ -  ~ -  "  ~  -  ~  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  ~  “  “  -  3  3  3  _  _  -  3  3  3  -  -  -  15  5  XXX  10  XXX  XXX  56  15  XXX  41  XXX  XXX  142  54  XXX  88  XXX  XXX  49  14  XXX  35  XXX  XXX  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Nonmanufacturin  All schedules  Establishments having a specified  $165.00 and under $170.00...................................................................$170.00 and under $175.00..................................................................... $175.00 and under $180.00.....................................................................  Nonmanufacturing  Manufacturing All industries  Manufacturing  26   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production and related workers in Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 (All full-time manufacturing production and related workers = 100 percent) All workers*  Workers on late shifts  Item Second shift  Third shift  Second shift  Third shift  Percent of workers In establishments with late-shift provisions..................................  92.5  78.7  21.3  6.5  With no pay differential for late-shift work................................................................ With pay differential for late-shift work................................................................................ Uniform cents-per-hour differential................................................................................... Uniform percentage differential........................................................................... Other differential...........................................................................  1.6 91.0 64.9 24.3 1.8  .1 78.6 51.6 22.0 4.9  .5 20.9 13.9 6.2 .7  6.5 4.4 1.4 .8  24.0 7.0  29.1 9.6  25.4 6.7  32.2 9.7  6.4 1.4 1.3 1.9 10.3 1.3 12.9 4.5 1.0 14.7  .9 _ 1.4 6.4 3.2 5.4 2.6 9.2 _ 4.6 3.1 3.4 1.3 7.2 2.0  1.0 .5 .4 .3 1.8 .2 3.3  (.0)  Average pay differential Uniform cents-per-hour differential........................................................... Uniform percentage differential............................................................ Percent of workers by type and amount of pay differential Uniform cents-per-hour: 10 cents........................................................................................................................ 11 cents.................................................................................................................... 12 cents..................................................................... 13 cents.................................................................................... 15 cents.......................................................................................... 18 cents.......................................................................................... 20 cents........................................................................................... 23 cents...................................................................................................... 25 cents........................................................................................................................ 27 cents.......................................................................... 30 cents............................................................................................. 33 cents.................................................................................................................... 35 cents............................................................................................................... 40 cents........................................................................................... 45 cents......................................................... ,................................................... 50 cents.................................................................................................. . 58 cents............................................................................................... 60 cents.................................................................................................. 66 cents.................................................................................................. Over 99 cents............................................................................  -  3.9 1.6 _  .4 1.1 .9 1.2 -  Uniform percentage: 5 percent...................................................................................................................... 7 and under 8 percent........................................................................... 10 percent.................................................................................................................... 15 percent....................................................................................................................  15.6 _  7.7 1.0  See footnotes at end of tables.  27  _ _  _  _  .6 _  3.6 _  .9 .3 _  .1 .4 .3 .4  .9 1.3 1.2 19.5 -  .1 .3 .3 .2 .5 .7 .3 .2 (,0) 1.3 .3  c") 4.1  .1  _  2.2 -  1.3  Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Office workers  Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  All industries  Public utilities  Nonmanu­ facturing  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Public utilities  Percent of workers by scheduled weekly hours and days All full-time workers.............................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  20 hours-5 days......................................................... 25 hours-5 days......................................................... 30 hours-5 days........................................................ 32 1/2 hours-5 days ........................................ 35 hours.................................................................... 4 days.................................................................. 5 days.................................................................. 35 8/10 hours-5 days............................................... 36 hours.................................................................... 4 days.................................................................. 6 days.................................................................. 36 1 /4 hours............................................................. 4 days.................................................................. 5 days.................................................................. 36 1 /3 hours-5 days................................................. 37 hours-5 days........................................................ 37 1 /2 hours-5 days................................................. 38 hours-5 days........................................................ 38 1/3 hours-5 days................................................. 38 1 /2 hours-5 days................................................. 38 3/4 hours-5 days ............................................... 38 8/10 hours-5 days............................................... 39 hours-4 1 /2 days................................................ 40 hours..................................................... ........... 3 1/2 days........................................................... 4 days.................................................................. 5 days.................................................................. 42 1 /2 hours-5 days................................................. 43 hours-5 days......................................................... 45 hours-5 days......................................................... 47 1/2 hours-5 1/2 days.......................................... 48 hours.................................................................... 5 days.................................................................. 6 days.................................................................. 55 hours-6 days.........................................................  (■■) 1 3 2 1 1 c‘) 1 (■■) 1 2 ('■> 1 <"> 82 1 1 80 (■■) 1 1 1 2 c) 2 <•■)  1 1 1 1 ("> 88 1 1 86 2 2 2 3 3 ~  1 3 8 4 2 1 2 1 1 6 1 72 2 70 1 1 1 1  3 97 97 “  O') 4 4 “  2 2  _ (u) 5 “ 5 ~ “ “ 3 “ 3 2 (“) 29 (”)  ” ■ -  -  _  39.7  40.5  38.4  39.9  39.0  j  2 <") 2 1 (“) 25 <") 1 2 2 1 1 61 61 1 “ ~ ~ “  “ “ 1 1 _ 18 ” 2 1 1 75 ~  75 “ “ ” “ -  7 “ 2 -  ~  3 2 2 52 “ 52 1 “ “  “ ~ ■ 91 “ 91 “ “  -  _  “ “  ~  -  38.8  39.7  Average scheduled weekly hours All weekly work schedules....................................... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  28  39.3  Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Production and related workers All industries  Manu­ facturing  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  Public utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Public utilities  Percent of workers All full-time workers...............................  100  In establishments not providing paid holidays........................................... In establishments providing paid holidays................... .......................  3  1  5  1  1  1  (")  97  99  95  99  99  99  99  100  11.1  12.5  8.8  10.1  10.0  11.0  9.3  10.0  4 3 9  (")  100  Average number of paid holidays For workers in establishments providing holidays.................................................. Percent of workers by number of paid holidays provided* 2 holidays............................................... 3 holidays................................................ 4 holidays................................................ 6 holidays................................................ Plus 1 or more half days................... 7 holidays............................................... Plus 1 or more half days................... 8 holidays............................................... Plus 1 or more half days................... 9 holidays............................................... Plus 1 or more half days................... 10 holidays.............................................. Plus 1 or more half days................... 11 holidays.............................................. Plus 1 half day.................................. 12 holidays.............................................. 13 holidays.............................................. 14 holidays.............................................. 15 holidays.............................................. 17 holidays.............................................. 19 holidays.............................................. Over 19 days..........................................  2  5  1 01) 4  1  1  1  8 2  3 2 6 1  <") 3  1  7  3  14  1  1  <”>  4  3  6  5 2  4 1  3 1  5  1  (“)  22  21  22  74  1  7 15  19 1 30  1  5 2 35  2  7 3 29 (u) 28  2  2  17  13  25  73 7  4  10  1  2  7 1 1 4 1  8 1  5  2 6 2  2  3 17 3 11 2  3 3 1 1  7  19 5 14 3 4 3  6  (”) 2  1 1 12  2  2 7  1  Percent of workers by total paid holiday time provided12 2 days or more.......................................................... 3 days or more.......................................................... 4 days or more.......................................................... 6 days or more.......................................................... 7 days or more.......................................................... 8 days or more.......................................................... 9 days or more.................... „.................................... 10 days or more........................................................ 11 days or more........................................................ 12 days or more........................................................ 13 days or more........................................................ 14 days or more........................................................ 15 days or more..................................................... 16 days or more....................................................... 17 days or more....................................................... 18 days or more....................................................... 19 days or more....................................................... 23 days...................................................................... * The least common paid holiday policies are not presented. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  97 96 95 94 90 82 77 73 49 28 17 14  99 99 99 99 97 94 90  3  22  99 99 99 99 97 89 81 60 28 14 7  2  6  12  2  5 2  8  18 15 15 13 13  7  12  9 9 8  86  63 40 26  95 91 89  99 99 99 99 99 99 99 91 17  88  78 64 58 53 28 8  1 (“>  29  99 99 99 99 98 97 95 87 49 22  14 13 11  5 3 1  99 99 99 99 96 84 72 43 14 9 3 2  2  100  100 100 100  99 99 97 90 17  Table B-S. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Office workers  Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Public utilities  Nonmanu­ facturing  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Public utilities  100  100  Percent of workers 100  100  In establishments not providing  Length-of-time payment......................................  100  100  c)  _  100 95 4 1  99 99 (“) -  100 100  (“>  2  1 In establishments providing  100  100  99 87 10 2  100 87 12 1  98 86 8 3  100 99 1  99 98 2 <“)  11 24 2 1 _ <")  13 28 3 1 _ _  7 17 2 ('■> r)  18 43 1  6 43 14 4 1 -  3 39 15 3 2 “  9 45 13 4 ” ”  1 53  51 9 33 1 2 _ (»)  46 13 35 1 4 _  58 4 31 2 <“)  34 16 49 1  14 2 79 2 2 1 -  9 2 76 5 5 3 -  18 2  17 1 82  “  “  25 8 58 4 3 _ (")  22 13 58 4 4 _  30 59 5 1 (">  83 16 1  2 88 6 4 1 -  3 _ 77 11 5 3 -  1 “ 95  99  4 3 71 16 4 _ (“)  4 5 62 23 6 -  3 85 5 1 c)  1 85 6 7 1 -  1 “ 76 12 8 3 -  <")  83 16 1  3 1 74 15 5 _ c)  2 2 67 22 7 -  3 85 5 1 <")  (■■) 85 6 7 1 -  _ ~ 77 12 8  <")  83 16 1  ~  -  Amount of paid vacation after:13 6 months of service:  1 year of service:  2 years of service:  3 years of service:  4 years of service:  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  30  —  _  3 ~ _  91 7  ~  “  91  _  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 —Continued Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  Public utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  5 years of service: 1 week............................................................. 2 weeks............................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................. 3 weeks............................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks..............................  O') 52 14 30 O') 1 O')  48 20 31 O') 1 -  O')  1  10 years of service: 1 week............................................................. 2 weeks............................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................. 3 weeks............................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. 4 weeks............................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks.............................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks..............................  O') 3 4 66 13 10 c) 1 O')  3 7 60 19 11 O') 1 -  1 3 _ 76 5 8 _ _ c)  _ _ _ 82 16 1 _  12 years of service: 1 week............................................................. 2 weeks............................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks.............................. 3 weeks............................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. 4 weeks............................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................. 5 weeks............................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks.............................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks..............................  O') 2 5 52 17 20 O') O') 1 0>)  1 8 51 25 13 O') O') 1 -  1 3 _ 53 5 32 _ _ O')  _ _ _ 68 16 15 _ _ _ 1  (“) 4 2 65 12 15 _ _ 1 -  15 years of service: 1 week............................................................. 2 weeks............................................................ 3 weeks.......................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. 4 weeks........................................................... Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................. 5 weeks............................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks.............................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks..............................  O') 2 28 11 48 4 4 1  1 27 17 48 3 3 1  1 3 31 1 48 5 5 _ O')  _ 42 _ 40 16 1 _ 1  (n) 3 23 9 57 3 3 1 -  _ O') 19 18 46 7 7 3  20 years of service: 1 week............................................................. 2 weeks............................................................ 3 weeks............................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. 4 weeks............................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................. 5 weeks............................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks.............................. 6 weeks............................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks.............................. 7 weeks................ ............................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks..............................  O') 2 6 O') 53 8 22 3 2 O') O') 1  1 1 O') 58 12 21 3 2 1 1  1 3 13 45 3 24 2 2 O') -  _ _ 68 15 12 4 1 -  (“) 3 7 1 70 6 11 2 c) 1 _  _ O') 1 _ 61 10 21 3 1 3 _  1 59 5 29 1  _ 65 16 17 _  _  _  O') 5 1 78 4 11  _  52 12 25 6 3  _  1 1 71 9 14  31  Public utilities  (“) 49 5 46  88 1 11  -  -  (») 7 1 82 (“) 9  97 1 1  -  -  1  _  1  3  1  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  (“) 50 8 38 3 1  Nonmanu­ facturing  (“) 2 53 22 19  (“) 7 1 73 6 12  89 1 9  -  -  1  _  _ 3  (») 5 26 4 64 1 1 (“) 4 11 1 75 3 4 (") _ _  1 37 61 1  -  (,l) 1 90 8 1  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 —Continued Office workers  Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  All industries  Public utilities  Nonmanu­ facturing  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Public utilities  25 years of service: 1 week............................................................. 2 weeks............................................................ 3 weeks............................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. 4 weeks............................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................. 5 weeks............................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks.............................. 6 weeks............................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks.............................. 7 weeks............................................................. Over 7 and under 8 weeks..............................  r) 2 5 _ 27 4 42 5 11 <■■) c) 1  1 1 29 4 52 6 4 <") 1 1  1 3 13 23 4 26 2 22 <>■) -  6 62 12 18 1 -  (”) 3 6 1 46 2 32 2 6 1 “  (■■) 1 35 3 41 6 11 3 ~  r) 4 9 1 54 1 26 c) 3 -  30 years of service: 1 week............................................................. 2 weeks............................................................ 3 weeks............................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................. 4 weeks............................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks............................. 5 weeks............................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks.............................. 6 weeks............................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks.............................. 7 weeks............................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks..............................  <■■) 2 5 22 3 44 5 14 c) 1 1  1 1 22 3 55 6 9 <") 1 2  1 3 13 23 4 26 2 20 (■■) 2 ”  6 63 12 10 1 8 “  (“) 3 6 1 40 1 36 3 9 1 <■■) '  (■■) 1 21 c) 50 7 18 3 -  (“) 4 9 1 53 1 27 <“) 3 (■■>  (■■) 1 ■ 5 ~ 85 1 6 2  cl 2 5  1 1  1 3 13 23 4 26 2 20 c) 2  6 63 12 10 1 8  (") 3 6 1 40 1 35 3 9 2 c)  ■ <“) 1 21 (■•} 47 8 18 5 -  (") 4 9 1 53 1 27 (”> 3 (“>  “ c) 1 ~ 5 “ 85 1 6 2  Maximum vacation available: 1 week............................................................. 2 weeks............................................................ 3 weeks. ........................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................... 4 weeks............................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ............................. 5 weeks............................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks.............................. 6 weeks............................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks.............................. 7 weeks............................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks..............................  -  -  22 3 42 5 14 <"> 1 1  22 3 53 7 10 (") 1 2  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  32  .  <“) 1 ■ 10 ■ 80 1 8 ~ “  ■  Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Production and related workers Item  Office workers  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Public utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Public utilities  100  100  Percent of workers All full-time workers...................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments providing at least one of the benefits shown below14...........................................  98  99  97  100  99  99  99  100  Life insurance.......................................... Noncontributory plans..................................  96 88  98 93  94 80  100 92  99 86  99 90  99 84  100 88  Accidental death and dismemberment insurance................................. Noncontributory plans...................................  79 71  84 78  72 60  77 74  83 69  82 73  84 67  87 81  90  91  89  98  57  68  50  63 58  Sickness and accident insurance or sick leave or both15........................................... Sickness and accident insurance........................................................ Noncontributory plans....................................... Sick leave (full pay and no waiting period).................................................. Sick leave (partial pay or waiting period).....................................  88  94  79  83 72  93 82  68 57  53 52  19  19  20  47  68  69  53  3  -  8  21  7  1  11  44  Long-term disability insurance......................................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  29 27  35 34  18 16  38 38  65 57  58 47  69 63  78 78  In establishments providing at least one of the health insurance plans shown below16................................................. Noncontributory plans.......................................  98 83  99 89  96 74  100 100  99 64  99 78  99 54  100 100  Hospitalization insurance....................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  98 80  99 84  96 73  100 98  58  73  99 49  100 91  Surgical insurance................................................. Noncontributory plans.......................................  97 79  99 84  95 73  100 98  99 58  99 73  99 49  100 91  Medical insurance................................................. Noncontributory plans......................................  96 79  99 84  92 71  100 98  58  73  49  100 91  Major medical insurance....................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  80 63  76 62  88 66  100 98  57  71  47  100 91  Dental insurance.................................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  55 49  63 57  43 36  71 71  49 42  56  34  78 78  Health maintenance organization............................. Noncontributory plans.......................................  64 42  74 55  47 23  48 9  30  47  19  62 10  Retirement pension................................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  89 83  96 86  79 78  85 85  94 91  92  91  87 87   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  33  Table B-7. Health plan participation by full-time workers In Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980 Office workers  Production and related workers All industries  Manu­ facturing  Public utilities  Nonmanu­ facturing  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Public utilities  Percent of workers All full-time workers.....................  100  100  89 78  86 68  94 93  84 54  89 78  85  74  94 93  84 54  Medical insurance............. Noncontributor/ plans.  87 73  89 78  82 66  94 93  84 54  Major medical insurance.... Noncontributory plans.  72 59  68  57  78 61  94 93  83 52  Dental insurance.......................... Noncontributory plans..........  68  60 56  80 36  Hospitalization insurance.... Noncontributory plans.  88  Surgical insurance.............. Noncontributory plans.  88  74  48  68  36 31  Health maintenance organization. Noncontributory plans.......... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  34  100  100  89  94 86  82 44  94  81 44  94  81 43  94  53 44  25 23  70 70  5 3  2 1  4 ___________ 3  89 69  86  86  86  Footnotes Some of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin. 1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 1 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—half of the workers receive the same or more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate. J Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. 4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. 5 Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women. * Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available. 7 Formally established minimum regular straight-time hiring salaries that are paid for standard workweeks. Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported. 8 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger. 9 Includes all production and related workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10 Less than 0.05 percent. 11 Less than 0.5 percent. 18 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 10 days includes those with 10 full days and no half days, 9 full days and 2 half days, 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then were cumulated. 18 Includes payments other than 'length of time,' such as percentage of annual earnings or flatsum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week’s pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after 10 years includes those eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after fewer years of service. 14 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. ‘Noncontributory plans’ include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workers’ disability compensation, social security, and railroad retirement. 15 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded. 18 Unduplicated total of workers eligible for coverage under an insurance plan providing hospitalization, sugical, medical, major medical, or dental benefits shown separately.  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  In each of the 71 areas1 currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction and extractive industries are excluded. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are also excluded because of insufficient employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey, as well as the number actually studied. Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, minus establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit. Occupations and earnings  Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant; and (4) material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  movement and custodial. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are not presented in the Aseries tables because either (1) data were insufficient to provide meaningful statistical results, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men’s and women’s earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution of workers on some A-tables indicate a change in the size of the class intervals. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Changes in an occupational average over time reflect, in addition to earnings changes, factors such as changes in proportions of workers employed by high- or lowwage firms, or high-wage workers advancing to better jobs and being replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for individual jobs within the groups. Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establish­ ments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates  for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establish­ ments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data. Wage trends for selected occupational groups  Indexes in table A-7 measure wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percent increases in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time span between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate between surveys. The indexes and percent increases are based on changes in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are adjusted to remove the effect on average earnings of employment shifts among establishments and turnover of establish­ ments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. Occupations used to compute wage trends are: Office clerical Secretaries Stenographers, senior Stenographers, general Typists, classes A and B File clerks, classes A, B, and C Messengers  Switchboard operators Order clerks, classes A and B Accounting clerks2 Payroll clerks Key entry operators, classes A and B  Electronic data processing1 Computer systems analysts, classes A, B, and C   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers, classes A, B, and C  Industrial nurses Registered industrial nurses Skilled maintenance Carpenters Electricians Painters Machinists  Mechanics (machinery) Mechanics (motor vehicle) Pipefitters Tool and die makers Unskilled plant  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Material handling laborers  Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows: 1- Average earnings are computed for each occupation for the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived from earnings in those establishments which are in the survey both years; it is assumed that employment remains unchanged. 2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in  the occupational group. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation’s average earnings (computed in step 1) are multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average. 4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The resultexpressed as a percent—less 100 is the percent change. The index is computed by adding 100 to the most recent percent increase, multiplying the total by the previous year’s index number, and dividing the product by 100 to obtain the current index value. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see ‘Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes,’ Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52­ 57. Average pay relationships within establishments  Tables A-8 through A-l 1 present occupational pay relatives derived from compari­ sons of job averages within individual establishments. The method of computation is as follows: 1- A pay relative for any two occupations is computed for each establishment in which they are found by dividing the average earnings for one occupation by the average for the other and multiplying by 100 (e.g., $5 divided by $4 = 1.25 times 100 = 125).  2. Each pay relative is weighted by the number of workers in the two occupations compared and by the weight assigned to the establishment to represent establish­ ments not included in the survey sample. 3- The weighted pay relatives for all establishments reporting the two occupations are summed and divided by the total of the weights to produce the average pay relatives shown in the tables. Occupational pay relationships measured in this manner yield considerably different results than those produced by using overall survey averages such as those shown in tables A-l through A-6. The former measure the average pay relationships found within establishments; the latter measure the relationships among job averages in an area. In addition, the mix of establishments used in the comparisons may differ between the two methods. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions  The incidence of selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provi­ sions is studied for full-time production and related workers and office workers. Production and related workers (referred to hereafter as production workers) include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including group leaders and trainees) engaged in fabricating, processing, assembling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling, packing, warehousing, shipping, maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard services, product development, auxiliary production for plant’s own use (e.g., powerplant), and recordkeeping and other services closely associated with the above produc­ tion operations. (Cafeteria and route workers are excluded in manufacturing industries but included in nonmanufacturing industries.) In finance and insurance, no workers are considered to be production workers. Office workers include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including lead workers and trainees) performing clerical or related office functions in such departments as accounting, advertising, purchasing, collection, credit, finance, legal, payroll, personnel, sales, industrial relations, public relations, executive, or transportation. Administrative, executive, professional, and part-time employees as well as construction workers utilized as separate work forces are excluded from both the production and office worker categories. Minimum entrance salaries (table B-l). Minimum entrance salaries for office workers relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the optimum sampling techniques used and the probability that large establishments are more likely than small establish­ ments to have formal entrance rates above the subclerical level, the table is more representative of policies in medium and large establishments. (The ‘X’s‘ shown under specific weekly schedules indicate that no meaningful totals are applicable.) Shift differentials-manufacturing (table B-2). Data were collected on policies of manufacturing establishments regarding pay differentials for production workers on late shifts. Establishments considered as having policies are those which (1) have provisions in writing covering the operation of late shifts, or (2) have operated late shifts at any time during the 12 months preceding a survey. When establishments have several differentials which vary by job, the differential applying to the majority of the production workers is recorded. When establishments have differentials which apply only to certain hours of work, the differential applying to the majority of the shift hours is recorded.  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  For purposes of this study, a late shift is either a second (evening) shift which ends at or near midnight or a third (night) shift which starts at or near midnight. Differentials for second and third shifts are summarized separately for (1) establish­ ment policies (an establishment’s differentials are weighted by all production workers in the establishment at the time of the survey) and (2) effective practices (an establish­ ment’s differentials are weighted by production workers employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey). Scheduled weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans. Provisions which apply to a majority of the production or office workers in an establishment are considered to apply to all production or office workers in the establishment; a practice or provision is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority. Holidays, vacations, and health and insurance plans are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for the benefits. Pension plans are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for participation and also to those who will eventually become eligible. Scheduled weekly hours and days (table B-3). Scheduled weekly hours and days refer to the number of hours and days per week which full-time first (day) shift workers are expected to work, whether paid for at straight- time or overtime rates. Paid holidays (table B-4). Holidays are included if workers who are not required to work are paid for the time off and those required to work receive premium pay or compensatory time off. They are included only if they are granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in written form or established by custom). Holidays are included even though in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday and employees are not granted another day off. Paid personal holiday plans, typically found in the automobile and related industries, are included as paid holidays. Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are aggregated). Paid vacations (table B-5). Establishments report their method of calculating vacation pay (time basis, percent of annual earnings, flat-sum payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay granted. Only basic formal plans are reported. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and ‘extended’ or ‘sabbatical’ benefits beyond basic plans are excluded. For tabulating vacation pay granted, all provisions are expressed on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual earnings, for example, is tabulated as 1 week’s vacation pay. Also, provisions after each specified length of service are related to all production or office workers in an establishment regardless of length of service. Vacation plans commonly provide for a larger amount of vacation pay as service lengthens. Counts of production or office workers by length of service were not obtained. The tabulations of vacation pay granted present, therefore, statistical measures of these provisions rather than proportions of workers actually receiving specific benefits. Health, insurance, and pension plans (table B-6). Health, insurance, and pension plans include plans for which the employer pays either all or part of the cost. The benefits  may be underwritten by an insurance company, paid directly by an employer or union, or provided by a health maintenance oganization. This year, for the first time in this area, provisions for health maintenance organizations (HMO’s) are treated separately from insurance provisions. Workers provided the option of an insurance plan or an HMO are reported under both types of plans. A plan is included even though a majority of the employees in an establishment do not choose to participate in it because they are required to bear part of its cost (provided the choice to participate is available or will eventually become available to a majority). Legally required plans such as social security, railroad retirement, workers’ disability compensation, and temporary disabili­ ty insurance4 are excluded. Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker. Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a direct result of an accident. Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e.g., $50 a week for up to 26 weeks of disability. Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans5 which provide for continuing an employee’s pay during absence from work because of illness. Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a waiting period. Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sickness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability (typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial payments are almost always reduced by social security, workers’ disability compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee. Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance plans reported in these surveys provide full or partial payment for basic services rendered. Hospitalization insurance covers hospital room and board and may cover other hospital expenses. Surgical insurance covers surgeons’ fees. Medical insurance covers doctors’ fees for home, office, or hospital calls. Plans restricted to post-operative medical care or a doctor’s care for minor ailments at a worker’s place of employment are not considered to be medical insurance. Major medical insurance coverage applies to services which go beyond the basic services covered under hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance. Major medical insurance typically (1) requires that a ‘deductible’ (e.g., $100) be met before benefits begin, (2) has a coinsurance feature that requires the insured to pay a portion (e.g., 20 percent) of certain expenses, and (3) has a specified dollar maximum of benefits (e.g., $10,000 a year). Dental insurance plans provide normal dental service benefits, usually for fillings, extractions, and X-rays. Plans which provide benefits only for oral surgery or repairing   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  accident damage are not reported. A health maintenance organization (HMO) provides a wide range of health care services to a specified group for fixed periodic payments. An HMO directly provides comprehensive health care services rather than indemnification or reimbursement for medical, surgical, and hospital expenses. Retirement pension plans provide for regular payments to the retiree for life. Included are deferred profit-sharing plans which provide the option of purchasing a lifetime annuity. Health plan participation (table B-7). Estimates are presented on the percents of production and office workers participating in selected health insurance and health maintenance organization plans. 1 Includes 70 areas surveyed under the Bureau’s regular program plus Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N.Y., which is surveyed under contract. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administra­ tion of the U.S. Department of Labor. 2 A revised 4-level job description for accounting clerks, being introduced in this survey, is not comparable to the previous 2-level description. Earnings of workers that could be compared to the previous overall level were used in wage trend computations. 3 The earnings of computer operators are included in the wage trend computation for this group in the following areas only: Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y.; Fresno, Calif.; Hartford, Conn.Newark, N.J.; Paterson-Clifton-Passaic, N.J.; Poughkeepsie, N.Y.; Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N.Y., and Worcester, Mass. In other areas, a revised job description, which is not equivalent to the previous description, is being introduced. * Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan. State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey, employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum and employers pay the difference between the employees’ share and the total contribution required. Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the benefit provided. Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers bear the entire cost of the insurance. 5 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.  39  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Cleveland, Ohio,1 September 1980 Workers in establishments  Number of establishments  Industry division2  Minimum employment in establishments in scope of study  Within scope of study Within scope of study3  Studied  Total4  Studied4  Full-time production and related workers  Full-time office workers  Number  Percent  369,930  100  184,555  66,729  173,196  26,555 40,174  88,485 84,711  All establishments 1,183  207  100  460 723  86 121  180,875 189,055  49 51  111,624 72,931  100 50 100 50 50  58 197 132 125 211  18 18 22 21 42  34,198 26,682 69,210 28,850 30,115  9 7 19 8 8  14,832  7,994  0 c) c) 0  c) c) c) n  27,596 3,697 29,878 14,467 9,073  152  80  215,264  100  104,243  41,628  151,448  85 67  45 35  113,505 101,759  53 47  66,796 37,447  18,972 22,656  79,882 71,566  8 2 13 7 5  25,863 5,788 48,535 16,472 5,101  12 3 23 8 2  11,365  5,903  0 c) o n  0 c) 0 o  25,863 1,447 27,950 12,562 3,744  Transportation, communication, and  Large establishments  500 Transportation, communication, and  8 500 8 500 33 500 11 500 7 500 Services7.................................................................................................. ■The Cleveland Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through February 1974, consists of Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, and Medina Counties. The ‘workers within scope of study’ estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey. a The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify establishments by industry division. All government operations are excluded from the scope of the survey. 3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of nonmanufacturing companies are considered as one establishment when located within the same industry division.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  categories. s Abbreviated to ‘public utilities’ in the A- and B-series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded. Local-transit operations and an electric utility (supplying less than half the electricity consumed in the Cleveland area) are municipally owned and are excluded by definition from the scope of the survey. 6 Separate data for this division are not presented in the A- and B-series tables, but the division is represented in the ‘all industries’ and ‘nonmanufacturing’ estimates. 7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectur­ al services.  40  Appendix table 2. Labor-management agreement coverage, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980  Percent of workers All industries............................................ Manufacturing.......,................................ Nonmanufacturing................................. Public utilities.......................................  Production and related workers  Office workers  70 73 65 97  8 1 14 64  Appendix table 3. Industrial composition in manufacturing, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1980  Percent of all manufacturing workers Transportation equipment.......................................................... 18 Motor vehicles and equipment.............................................. 15 Machinery, except electrical..................................................... 16 Metalworking machinery.......................................................... 5 Fabricated metal products......................................................... 14 Metal forgings and stampings................................................... 6 Primary metal industries............................................................ 11 Blast furnace and basic steel products..................................... 8 Electric and electronic equipment............................................ 10 Chemicals and allied products...................................................... 7 Printing and publishing................................................................. 5  Note: An establishment is considered to have a contract covering all production or office workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a labor-management agreement. Therefore, all other production or office workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labor-management contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer than half of their production or office workers. Estimates are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by the provisions of labor-management agreements, because small establish­ ments are excluded and the industrial scope of the survey is limited.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Note: This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe materials compiled before actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions may differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in appendix table 1.  41  Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field representatives are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the job description, are excluded. Listed below are several occupations for which revised descriptions or titles are being introduced in this survey: Accounting clerk Key entry operator Computer operator  Drafter Stationary engineer Boiler tender  The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for tabulating-machine operator, bookkeeping-machine operator, and machine biller.  Office  a.  Positions which do not meet the ‘personal’ secretary concept described above;  b.  Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;  c.  Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or managerial persons;  d.  Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which are not typical of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assistant, or Executive Assistant;  e.  Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the sections below titled ‘Level of Supervisor,’ e.g., secretary to the president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons;  f.  Trainees.  Classification by Level. Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are matched at one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary’s supervisor within the company’s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the secretary’s responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the factors. Level ofSecretary's Supervisor (LS)  SECRETARY  Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor. Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled ‘secretary’ possess the above characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  LS-1 a. b.  Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)  LS-2 a.  b.  Level ofSecretary’s Responsibility (LR)  Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for LS-3, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.  This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched at LR-1 or LR-2 described below according to their level of responsibility. LR-1 Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most of the following:  LS-3 ab. c.  d. e.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, oper­ ations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  abc. d. e. LR-2  Performs duties described under LR-1 and, in addition performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions including or compara­ ble to most of the following: a. b.  LS-4 a. b. c.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  NOTE: The term ‘corporate officer’ used in the above LS definition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title ‘vice president,’ though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibili­ ty is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be ‘corporate officers’ for purposes of applying the definition.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Answers telephones, greets personal callers, and opens incoming mail. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers. May reply to requests by sending a form letter. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to ensure procedural and typographical accura­ cy. Maintains supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.  c. d. e.  Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can be handled by the supervisor’s subordinates or other offices. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of office procedures or collection of information from files or other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or supervisor’s name. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis of general instructions. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Assembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings. Makes arrange­ ments for meetings and conferences. Explains supervisor’s requirements to other employees in supervisor’s unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)  The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each LS and LR combination: LR-1  LS-1...................................................... LS-2...................................................... LS-3...................................................... LS-4......................................................  Class E class D Class C Class B  LR-2  ClassD ClassC ClassB ClassA  STENOGRAPHER  Primary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine Typist). NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs more responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.  FILE CLERK  Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Class A. Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.  Stenographer, Senior. Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc., OR Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow-up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.  Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.  Stenographer, General. Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.  Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.  TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST  Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved with shorthand dictation.) TYPIST  Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.  Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. MESSENGER  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR  Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker’s time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard Operator-Receptionist. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST  Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.  At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator—see Switchboard Operator—and as a receptionist. Receptionist’s work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor’s business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appropriate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors.  Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.  Receives written or verbal customers’ purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or sales people. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ORDER CLERK  suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order. Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchan­ dise as an integral part of the job. Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions:  reviewed by the supervisor or are controlled by mechanisms built into the accounting system. NOTE: Excluded from class A are positions responsible for maintaining either a general ledger or a general ledger in combination with subsidiary accounts. Class B. Uses a knowledge of double entry bookkeeping in performing one or more of the following: Posts actions to journals, identifying subsidiary accounts affected and debit and credit entries to be made and assigning proper codes; reviews computer printouts against manually maintained journals, detecting and correcting erroneous postings, and preparing documents to adjust accounting classifications and other data; or reviews lists of transactions rejected by an automated system, determining reasons for rejections, and preparing necessary correcting material. On routine assignments, employee selects and applies established procedures and techniques. Detailed instruc­ tions are provided for difficult or unusual assignments. Completed work and methods used are reviewed for technical accuracy.  Class A. Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment’s product lines will satisfy the customer’s needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more thair merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations.  Class C. Performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations such as: Examining, verifying, and correcting accounting transactions to ensure completeness and accuracy of data and proper identification of accounts, and checking that expenditures will not exceed obligations in specified accounts; totaling; balancing, and reconciling collection vouchers; posting data to transaction sheets where employee identifies proper accounts and items to be posted; and coding documents in accordance with a chart (listing) of accounts. Employee follows specific and detailed accounting procedures. Completed work is reviewed for accuracy and compliance with proce­ dures.  Class B. Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer’s manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item. ACCOUNTING CLERK  Performs one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying the clerical accuracy of various types of reports, lists, calculations, postings, etc.; preparing journal vouchers; or making entries or adjustments to accounts. Levels C and D require a basic knowledge of routine clerical methods and office practices and procedures as they relate to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. Levels A and B require a knowledge and understanding of the established and standardized bookkeeping and accounting proce­ dures and techniques used in an accounting system, or a segment of an accounting system, where there are few variations in the types of transactions handled. In addition, some jobs at each level may require a basic knowledge and understanding of the terminology, codes, and processes used in an automated accounting system.  Class D. Performs very simple and routine accounting clerical operations, for example, recognizing and comparing easily identified numbers and codes on similar and repetitive accounting documents, verifying mathematical accuracy, and identifying discrepancies and bringing them to the supervisor’s attention. Supervisor gives clear and detailed instructions for specific assignments. Employee refers to supervisor all matters not covered by instructions. Work is closely controlled and reviewed in detail for accuracy, adequacy, and adherence to instructions. PAYROLL CLERK  Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following: Processing workers’ time or production records; adjusting workers’ records for changes in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings; and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical knowl­ edge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the computer system for processing payrolls.  Class A. Maintains journals or subsidiary ledgers of an accounting system and balances and reconciles accounts. Typical duties include one or both of the following: Reviews invoices and statements (verifying information, ensuring sufficient funds have been obligated, and if questionable, resolving with the submitting unit, determining accounts involved, coding transactions, and processing material through data processing for application in the accounting system); and/or analyzes and reconciles computer printouts with operating unit reports (contacting units and researching causes of discrepancies, and taking action to ensure that accounts balance). Employee resolves problems in recurring assignments in accordance with previous training and experience. Supervisor provides suggestions for handling unusual or on-recurring transactions. Conformance with requirements and technical soundness of completed work are   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  KEY ENTRY OPERATOR  Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  45  Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subjectmatter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied. OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system.  Class A. Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for class B. NOTE: Excluded are operators above class A using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge. Class B. Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information.  Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst.  Professional and Technical COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS  Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifica­ tions needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following: Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:  COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS  Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program­ mer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathemat­ ics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:  Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate follow-up actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment. May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products. At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and  46  diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist.  Class A. In addition to work assignments described for a class B operator (see below) the work of a class A operator involves at least one of the following: • • • •  Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations. OR Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction. May guide or instruct lower level programmers.  An operator at this level typically guides lower level operators. Class B. In addition to established production runs, work assignments include runs involving new programs, applications, and procedures (i.e., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems). At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error condi­ tions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may deviate from standard procedures when standard procedures fail if deviation does not materially alter the computer unit s production plans. Refers the problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a solution. May guide lower level operators.  Class C. Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures.  Class C. Work assignments are limited to established production runs (i.e., programs which present few operating problems). Assignments may consist primarily of on-thejob training (sometimes augmented by classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.  COMPUTER OPERATOR  In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by either serial processing (processes one program at a time) or multiprocessing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following duties characterize the work of a computer operator: • • • • • • •  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed. Loads equipment with required items (tapes, cards, disks, paper, etc.). Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system. Starts and operates computer. Responds to operating and computer output instructions. Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems. Maintains operating record.  PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR  Operates peripheral equipment which directly supports digital computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically connected to a computer. Printers, plotters, card read/punches, tape readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units are examples of such equipment. The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment operator:  May test-run new or modified programs. May assist in modifying systems or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer operator, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of information or to conserve computer time even though the procedures applied materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Tests new programs, applications, and procedures. Advises programmers and subject-matter experts on setup techniques. Assists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems).  •  47  Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting controls for forms, thickness, tension, printing density, and location; and unloading hard copy. Labelling tape reels, disks, or card decks.  • • • •  selecting and interpreting data based on a knowledge of the design intent. Although working primarily as a drafter, may occasionally perform engineering design work in interpreting general designs prepared by others or in completing missing design details. May provide advice and guidance to lower level drafters or serve as coordinator and planner for large and complex drafting projects.  Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape reels or disks on specified units or drives. Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment. Observing panel lights for warnings and error indications and taking appropriate action. Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears, or other defects which could cause processing problems.  Class B. Prepares complete sets of complex drawings which include multiple views, detail drawings, and assembly drawings. Drawings include complex design features that require considerable drafting skill to visualize and portray. Assignments regularly require the use of mathematical formulas to compute weights, load capacities, dimensions, quantities of materials, etc. Working from sketches and verbal information supplied by an engineer or designer, determines the most appropriate views, detail drawings, and supplementary information needed to complete assignments. Selects required information from precedents, manufacturers’ catalogs, and technical guides. Independently resolves most of the problems encountered. Supervisor or designer may suggest methods of approach or provide advice on unusually difficult problems.  This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a control console (see computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose duties are limited to operating decollates, bursters, separators, or similar equipment. COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN  Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging, and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs to damaged tapes.  NOTE: Exclude drafters performing work of similar difficulty to that described at this level but who provide support for a variety of organizations which have widely differing functions or requirements. Class C. Prepares various drawings of parts and assemblies, including sectional profiles, irregular or reverse curves, hidden lines, and small or intricate details. Work requires use of most of the conventional drafting techniques and a working knowledge of the terms and procedures of the industry. Familiar or recurring work is assigned in general terms; unfamiliar assignments include information on methods, procedures, sources of information, and precedents to be followed. Simple revisions to existing drawings may be assigned with a verbal explanation of the desired results; more complex revisions are produced from sketches which clearly depict the desired product.  DRAFTER  Performs drafting work requiring knowledge and skill in drafting methods, procedures, and techniques. Prepares drawings of structures, mechanical and electrical equipment, piping and duct systems and other similar equipment, systems, and assemblies. Uses recognized systems of symbols, legends, shadings, and lines having specific meanings in drawings. Drawings are used to communicate engineering ideas, designs, and informa­ tion in support of engineering functions.  Class D. Prepares drawings of simple, easily visualized parts of equipment from sketches or marked-up prints. Selects appropriate templates and other equipment needed to complete assignments. Drawings fit familiar patterns and present few technical problems. Supervisor provides detailed instructions on new assignments, gives guid­ ance when questions arise, and reviews completed work for accuracy.  The following are excluded when they constitute the primary purpose of the job: • • • • •  Design work requiring the technical knowledge, skill, and ability to conceive or originate designs; Illustrating work requiring artistic ability; Work involving the preparation of charts, diagrams, room arrangements, floor plans, etc.; Cartographic work involving the preparation of maps or plats and related materials, and drawings of geological structures; and Supervisory work involving the management of a drafting program or the supervision of drafters.  Class E. Working under close supervision, traces or copies finished drawings, making clearly indicated revisions. Uses appropriate templates to draw curved lines. Assign­ ments are designed to develop increasing skill in various drafting techniques. Work is spot-checked during progress and reviewed upon completion. NOTE-. Exclude drafters performing elementary tasks while receiving training in the most basic drafting methods.  Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.  ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN  Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical applica­ tion of technical knowledge of electronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition.  Class A. Works closely with design originators, preparing drawings of unusual, complex or original designs which require a high degree of precision. Performs unusually difficult assignments requiring considerable initiative, resourcefulness, and drafting expertise. Assures that anticipated problems in manufacture, assembly, installation, and operation are resolved by the drawings produced. Exercises independent judgment in   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  48  The equipment—consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit—includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, tele­ phone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment. This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic equipment as common office machines and household radio and television sets; production assemb­ lers and testers; workers whose primary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional engineers. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE  A registered nurse gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination ofthefollowing-. Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than one nurse are excluded.  Class A. Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understan­ ding of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in perfor­ ming such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relation­ ships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators). Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.  Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant MAINTENANCE CARPENTER  Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  Class B. Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the class A technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.  MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN  Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. AVork involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, control­ lers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  MAINTENANCE PAINTER  Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  49  required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.  MAINTENANCE MACHINIST  Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER  Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheetmetal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)  Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­ ship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.  MILLWRIGHT  Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out work; interpreting blueprints or other specifica­ tions; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)  Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers’ vehicles in automobile repair shops.  MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER  Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)  Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and  MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER  Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings m an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­ cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  50  operation sequence or select those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during  machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through considerable on-thejob training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include machinetool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing shops.  and efficient boiler operation and to meet demands for steam or high-temperature water. May also do one or more of the following: Maintain a log in which various aspects of boiler operation are recorded; clean, oil, make minor repairs or assist in repairs to boilerroom equipment; and, following prescribed methods, treat boiler water with chemicals and analyze boiler water for such things as acidity, causticity, and alkalinity. The classification excludes workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.  Material Movement and Custodial  TOOL AND DIE MAKER  Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or'metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves-. Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers). STATIONARY ENGINEER  Operates and maintains one or more systems which provide an establishment with such services as heat, air-conditioning (cool, humidify, dehumidify, filter, and circulate air), refrigeration, steam or high-temperature water, or electricity. Duties involve: Observing and interpreting readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of the system’s operation; adjusting controls to insure safe and efficient operation of the system and to meet demands for the service provided; recording in logs various aspects of the system’s operation; keeping the engines, machinery, and equipment of the system in good working order. May direct and coordinate activities of other workers (not stationary engineers) in performing tasks directly related to operating and maintaining the system or systems. The classification excludes head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer; workers required to be skilled in the repair of electronic control equipment; and workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale. BOILER TENDER  Tends one or more boilers to produce steam or high-temperature water for use in an establishment. Fires boiler. Observes and interprets readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of boiler operation. Adjusts controls to insure safe   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  TRUCKDRIVER  Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows: Truckdriver, light truck (straight truck, under 1 1/2 tons, usually 4 wheels) Truckdriver, medium truck (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels) Truckdriver, heavy truck (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels) Truckdriver, tractor-trailer SHIPPER AND RECEIVER  Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonrou­ tine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received. Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading. Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying the correct­ ness of incoming shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows: Shipper  Receiver Shipper and receiver WAREHOUSEMAN  As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment’s storage plan. Work involves most of the following-. Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrep­ ancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see Shipper and Receiver and Shipping Packer), order filling (see Order Filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-Truck Operator). ORDER FILLER  Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties. SHIPPING PACKER  Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following-. Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded. MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER  A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establish­ ment whose duties involve one or more of the following-. Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR  Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows: Forklift operator Power-truck operator (other than forklift) GUARD  Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. Guards employed by establishments which provide protective services on a contract basis are included in this occupation. For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows: Class A. Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical fitness and proficiency with firearms or other special weapons. Class B. Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which require minimal action to safeguard property or persons. Duties require minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate proficiency in the use of firearms or special weapons. JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER  Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following-. Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.  Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superin­ tendent of Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years 1970 through 1977, is available on request.  Bulletin number and price*  Area Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1978 ........................................................ Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Sept. 1980'....................... Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif., Oct. 1979......... Atlanta, Ga., May 1980 ........................................................ Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1980 ................................................... Billings, Mont., July 1980'..................................................... Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1978 ............................................... Boston, Mass., Aug. 1980 ..................................................... Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1979 ...................................................... Canton, Ohio, May 1978 ....................................................... Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 1980.................................. Chicago, 111., May 1980'........................................................ Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1980 .............................. Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1980'................................................. Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1979 ................................................... Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1980............................................. Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex., Dec. 1979.................................... Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111., Feb. 1980' .. Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1979 ........................................................ Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1980' ........................................... Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1979 ........................................ Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1980 ...................................................... Fresno, Calif., June 1980' ....................................................... Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1979..................................................... Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., Oct. 1979'............... Green Bay, Wis., July 1980 ..................................................... Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., Aug. 1979 Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1980 ............................ Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1980'................................................... Houston, Tex., Apr. 1980'....................................................... Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1980'..................................................... Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1979................................................... Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1980 ....................................................... Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1979' ................................................. Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Sept. 1980...................................... Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1979 ......................... Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1979 ............................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  2025-63 3000-45 2050-48 3000-21 3000-38 3000-31 2025-15 3000-40 2050-65 2025-22 3000-44 3000-26 3000-32 3000-46 2050-61 3000-28 2050-67 3000- 5 2050-64 3000-33 2050-72 3000- 7 3000-30 2050-45 2050-60 3000-22 2050-49 3000-16 3000-19 3000-18 3000-14 2050-54 3000- 2 2050-69 3000-42 2050-59 2050-66  $1.00 $2.25 $1.50 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $0.80 $2.25 $2.25 $0.70 $1.75 $3.25 $2.25 $3.25 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $1.50 $2.25 $1.75 $1.50 $1.75 $2.25 $3.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00  Area  Bulletin number and price*  Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss., Nov. 1979'..................................................... 2050-56 Miami, Fla., Oct. 1979 ........................... ............................................. 2050-55 Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1980 ...................................................................... ' ' 3000-10 Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., Jan. 1980 .............................. 3000- 1 Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y., June 1980............... ....................... ........................... 3000-29 Newark, N.J., Jan. 1980'.................................................................................... 3000. 8 New Orleans, La., Oct. 1979 .............................................................................. 2050-53 New York, N.Y.—N.J., May 1980 ............................................................. 3000-24 Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1980 ....................... 3000-20 Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News— Hampton, Va.—N.C., May 1978 ................................................................... 2025-21 Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1980 .................................................................. 3000-37 Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1980'.............................................................’’’’ 3000-41 Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1979 ......................................................... 2050-51 Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1980'.................................. 3000-34 Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 19791 ................................ ............................. 2050-57 Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1980 .................................................................................. 3000- 3 Portland, Maine, Dec. 1979................................................................................ 2050-63 Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1979 .........................................................'' ’ ’ ’ 2050-27 Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1980‘.................................................................. ' 3000-35 Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1980'............................ 3000-39 Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1980 ......... 3000-27 Richmond, Va., June 980'.................................................................. ^ ^ ! 3000-23 St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1980................. .............................................. 3000-12 Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1979.............................................................’ ’ ’ ^ ’ 2050-71 Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1979*................. .......................................... 2050-52 Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1979 ............................................2050-62 San Antonio, Tex., May 19801.......................................................................... 3000-17 San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1979................................................................ 2050-70 San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1980 ..................................................... 3000- 9 San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1980 .......................................................................’ ’' 3000- 6 Seattle—Everett, Wash., Dec. 1979'................................................... 2050-68 South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1980................................................. 3000-36 Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1980 ...................................................................... 3000-13 Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1980 ................................................................................... 3000-43 Utica—Rome, N.Y., July 1978 .......................................................................... 2025-34 Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., Mar. 1980 .............................. 3000- 4 Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1980' .................................................. 3000-15 Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1980' ........................................................................ 3000-25 York, Pa., Feb. 1980........................................................................................... 3000-11 * Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change. Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.  $2.25 $2 25 $2 25 $2^25 $2 00 $325 $2.25 $2 25 $L75 $0.80 $175  $2 25 $150 $2^25 $3 00 $2 25 $1 75 $1 75  $2 00 $2^00 52 OO $2^25 $2 25 $1 75 $1 75 $2^00 $2 00 $2 00 $2 25  $2 00 $2^25 $1 75 $175 $1.75 $1 00 $2^25 $2 25 $2 00  $1.75  Postageand Fees Paid U.S. Department of Labor  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, D.C. 20212  Third Class Mail U.S. MAIL  Official Business Penalty for private use, $300  Lab-441  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices Region I  Region II  Region III  Region IV  1603 JFK Federal Building Government Center Boston, Mass. 02203 Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)  Suite 3400 1515 Broadway New York, N Y 10036 Phone: 944-3121 (Area Code 212)  3535 Market Street. P.O. Box 13309 Philadelphia. Pa 19101 Phone 596-1154 (Area Code 215)  Suite 540 1371 Peachtree St.. N E. Atlanta. 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Tex. 75202 Phone: 767-6971 (Area Code 214)  Federal Office Building 911 Walnut St., 15th Floor Kansas City, Mo. 64106 Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)  450 Golden Gate Ave. Box 36017 San Francisco, Calif. 94102 Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)  Arkansas Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas  VII  VIII  IX  X  Iowa Kansas Missouri Nebraska  Colorado Montana North Dakota South Dakota Utah Wyoming  Arizona California Hawaii Nevada  Alaska Idaho Oregon Washington  Illinois Indiana Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin  . , • ’  ''. • .   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  .