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AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e C leveland, O h io , M etropolitan A rea,
S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 0
Dayton & Montgomery CO.
Public Library

JUN4-1971
D C M N C U TW
O U E T O iC tt

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 2 8
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF LABO R

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I

Region II
341 Ninth Ave., Rm, 1025
New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
• Regions V II and V III will be service by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced b San Francisco.

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas C ity, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

1603-A Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e C levelan d , O h io , M etropolitan A re a ,
S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 0

B ulletin 1 6 8 5 -2 8
March 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 50 cents




P r e fa c e
T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of annual o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a
on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n ­
tary w age p ro v isio n s.
It y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a t a b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d
f o r th e U n i t e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s the
n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) t h e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) th e s t r u c t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s
a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s .

A t the end of e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin p r e ­
s e n t s th e s u r v e y r e s u l t s .
A f t e r c o m p le t io n of a l l o f the in d iv id u a l
a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e
issu ed .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s

s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n fo r m a t i o n w hich
h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e
to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s .
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o g r a m .
In e a c h
a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w ag e p r o v i s io n s b ien n ially .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in C l e v e l a n d ,
O h i o , in S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 .
T h e Stan d ard M etrop olitan S ta tis tic a l A r e a ,
a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s
of C u y a h o g a , G e a u g a , L a k e , and M e d in a C o u n tie s.
T h is stu d y w as
c o n d u c t e d b y t h e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111. , u n d e r the
g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of W oodrow C. L in n , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c to r
for O p eration s.

C o n te n ts
Page
I n t r o d u c t i o n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1
5

T ab les:
1.
2.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d i e d -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In d e x e s of s t a n d a r d w ee k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




NOTE:

S im ila r tab u latio n s

are

a v a ila b le for o ther a r e a s .

(See in sid e b ac k c o v e r .)

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in th e C l e v e l a n d a r e a
a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e fo r au to d e a l e r r e p a i r s h o p s (A u gu st 1969), h o s p i t a l s ( M a r c h 1969), la u n d r y and d r y
c le a n in g o c c u p a tio n s ( S e p t e m b e r 1970), m i s c e l l a n e o u s p l a s t i c s (A u g u st 1969), and m o t o r v e h ic le p a r t s
( A p r i l 1 9 6 9 ). U n i o n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r b u i l d i n g c o n s t r u c t i o n ;
p r in tin g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ; and lo c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s , .h e lp e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a tio n s.

4
6

C o n te n ts -----C o n tin u e d
Page
T a b l e s --- C o n t i n u e d
A.

B.

O c c u p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n ________________________________________________________________________
m
A - l a . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n a n d w o m e n ______________________________________________
l
m
A - 2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------m
A - 2 a . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n a n d w o m e n ----------------------------l
m
A - 3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ----------------------------------m
A - 3 a . O ffic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n and w om en c o m b in ed
l
m
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________________________________________________________
A - 4 a . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s _______________________________________
l
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________________________________________________________
A - 5 a . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s -------------------------------------------l
E sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n tary w age p r o v isio n s:
B -l.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s _________________________________________________
B -2.
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s _____________________________________________________________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ______________________________________________________________________________________
B -4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________________________________________________________________
B -5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------B -6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A p pen d ix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ----------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




iv

--------------------________________________

7
11

________________ 14
________________ 16
--------------------- 18
________________________

20

________________________

22

________________ 24
________________ 26

28
29
30
31
32
35
37

In tro d u c tio n
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s co n d u cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s of B u r e a u f ie ld e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
fa c tu rin g ; tra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s;
w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h av in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e
o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s w h ich m e e t p u b li­
cation c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d ata ex clu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
late sh ifts.
N o n p ro d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - liv in g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed . W h e re w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y
fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w ee k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e t h e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r tim e . C o m p a r i s o n s of in d iv id u al o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s a n d
e m p lo y m e n t p a tt e r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f i r m s m a y ch an ge o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and be r e p l a c e d b y new w o r k e r s a t lo w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n t h o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r i n g
th e y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n i n t a b l e
2 , are b etter
i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s t h a n i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w it h in
the g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
t h e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n of
l a r g e t h a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w eight. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r t h o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O c c u p atio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e
follow in g t y p e s :
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w i t h i n t h e s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g
th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
of in d iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta . E a r n i n g s d a ta not show n s e p a r a t e l y
f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d d a t a ,
w h e r e s h o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a t a a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n of s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s not shown
o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s n ot a v a i l a b l e .

The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted reflect co m p o site, areaw id e e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
s ta ff in g and, t h u s , c o n tr ib u te d if f e r e n t ly to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h job.
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m t h e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d n o t b e
a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w it h in
in d iv id u al e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n ­
t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y the a c t u a l
r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s
p e r f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w it h in
t h e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e
u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (o ffice occu ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 77 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour Division of the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t t h e t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y a n d n o t the n u m b e r
actu ally su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e

2

a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m t h e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s data.
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s a s they
r e l a t e to p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D a t a f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s not
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
tio n w o r k e r s who a r e u t il i z e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c ­
tio n s.
" O ff ic e w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r ­
v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r re la te d fu n ction s.
C afeteria
w o r k e r s a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t
i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w om en o ffice w o r k e r s (tab le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t i m u m
s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b ilit y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l le v e l than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t th e t i m e of the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , t h e a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f t h e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f th e
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l of the p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of that e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch eduled
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w hich a m a j o r i t y of f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e
e x p e c t e d to w o rk , w h e th e r they w e r e p a id fo r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r
ov ertim e ra te s.
P a i d h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h ea lth , i n s u r a n c e , and
p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on
th e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f
2

An establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it met either of the following con­
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




a m a jo r ity of su ch w o r k e r s a r e elig ib le o r m a y ev en tu ally q u alify fo r
th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h
B - 6 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of ro u n ding .
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n t h o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r i s n ot g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y off.
The first
p a r t o f th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s t h e n u m b e r o f w h o l e a n d T i a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . T h e se c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h a lf
h o l i d a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s .
It i s n o t i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
fits . P r o v i s i o n s of an e s ta b lis h m e n t fo r a ll len gth s of s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u la t e d a s ap p ly in g to a l l p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f the e s t a b l i s h ­
m en t, r e g a r d l e s s of length of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th e r than a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
alen t of 1 w e e k 's pay.
O n ly b a s i c p l a n s a r e in c lu d e d .
E stim ates
e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n b o n u s an d v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s an d t h o s e w hich
o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s w ith
q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . S u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in t h e s t e e l ,
alu m in u m , and can in d u s t r ie s .
D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t. Such p la n s in clu d e th o s e u n d e rw r itte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fu n d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a f u n d s e t a s i d e
f o r t h i s p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p l a n if
th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r t h e p l a n ,
ev en if l e s s than a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s
w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f t h e p l a n .
L egally
re q u ir e d p la n s, su ch a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n satio n , s o c ia l s e c u rity ,
and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x clu d ed .
S i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l im it e d to th at ty p e of
i n s u r a n c e u n d e r w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t ly
to t h e i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l su c h p la n s to w hich the e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w ­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s ,
plan s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f th e e m p l o y e r ( l ) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s t h e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d th e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e l a w .
T a b u la tio n s of p a id s ic k le av e p la n s a r e
^ The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.

3
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the
w o r k e r 's p a y during a b s e n c e fr o m w o rk b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s . S e p a r a t e
t a b u la t io n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d in g to (l) p la n s w hich p r o v id e fu ll p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f t h e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .
4 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




M a j o r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e i n c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , a n d
s u r g i c a l p l a n s . M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
ple te o r p a r t ia l p aym en t of d o c to rs ' f e e s .
D ental in su ran c e u su a lly
c o v e r s fillin g s , e x tra c tio n s, and X - r a y s .
E x c l u d e d a r e p l a n s w hich
c o v e r only o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
P la n s m a y be u n d er­
w ritte n by c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y th e e m p l o y e r ou t o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r
t h i s p u r p o s e . T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p l a n s t h a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r t h e r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.

4

T a b le 1.

Establishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope of survey and num ber studied in Cleveland, Ohio,1 by major industry division,2 Septem ber 1970
Number of establishments
Minimum
employment
in establish ­
ments in scopfe
of study

Industry division

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study*

Studied

Studied

T o ta l4
Plant
Number

Office

Percent

T otal4

A ll establishm ents
A ll divisions-----------------------------------------------------

-

1, 184

317

411, 679

100

252, 225

77, 094

266, 528

Manufacturing----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing---------------------------------------------------Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilities5-----------------------------Wholesale trade ----------- --------------------------- --Retail trade — ------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real e sta te 6 --------Services 8--------------------------------------------------------------

100
-

498
686

147
170

246, 191
165, 488

60
40

165, 459
86, 766 .

38, 236
38. 858

163, 071
103, 457

100
50
100
50
50

76
212
91
133
174

29
34
33
31
43

793
655
255
754
031

10
6
13
6
5

16, 495
10, 449
44, 784
7 819
(9 )

A ll divisions-----------------------------------------------------

-

141

116

245, 320

100

158, 509

46, 182

225, 822

Manufacturing----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing---------------------------------------------------Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5------------------------------------W holesale trad e------------------------------------------------Retail trade--------------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real e sta te 6----------Services 8-------------------------------------------------------------

500
-

91
50

72
44

158, 487
86, 833

65
35

107, 085
51, 424

26, 314
19, 868

143, 819
82, 003

500
500
500
500
500

12
5
23
8
2

12
4
18
8
2

12
1
18
4
(10)

12, 968
1, 753
35, 765

39,
23,
54,
24,
23,

8,
7,
4,
15,

047
117
418
707
(’ )

31,
6,
41,
14,
8,

878
699
776
334
770

Large establishm ents

28,
3,
43,
10,
1,

373
616
007
696
141

_

(9 )

6, 501
870
3, 736
8, 646
(9 )

28,
2,
38,
10,
1,

373
995
798
696
141

1 The Cleveland Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, consists of Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, and Medina Counties.
The
"w o rk ers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates
are not intended, however, to serve as a b asis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area to m easure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires
the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishm ents with total em ployment at or above the minimum lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
*
Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
3
Abbreviated to "public u tilitie s " in the A - and B -s e r ie s tables.
Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
L ocal-tran sit operations and an electric utility
(supplying le ss than half the electricity consumed in the Cleveland area) are municipally owned and are excluded by definition from the scope of the survey.
• Abbreviated to "fin a n c e " in the A - and B -s e r i e s tables.
7 E stim ate relates to real estate establishm ents only. W orkers from the entire industry division are represented in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in "a ll industry"
estim ates in the Series B tables.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal service s; business service s; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit mem bership organizations (excluding
religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural serv ice s.
9 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a l l in d u stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll in d u stries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons;
(1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was
not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
1 L ess than 0 .5 percent.
0




A lm ost tw o-thirds of the workers within scope of the survey in the Cleveland area were employed in manufacturing firm s.
following presents the m ajor industry groups and specific industrie s as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific industries

Transportation equipment----------------------------------------------------- 16
Machinery, except electrical------------------------------------------------ 15
P rim ary m etal in d u stries----------------------------------------------------- 14
Fabricated m etal products-----------------------------------------13
E lectrica l equipment and supplies---------------------------------------12
Chem icals and allied products--------------------------------------------- 5
Printing and publishing---------------------------------------------------------- 5

The

M otor vehicles and equipment---------------------------------------------- 11
B last furnace and basic steel products----------------------------- 6
A ircraft and p a r ts ----------------------------------------------------------------- 5
M etal stampings_____________________________________________ 5
Metalworking machinery___________________________________ 5

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe m aterials compiled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions m ay differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s of s e l e c t e d plan t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m t h e i n d e x y i e l d s
t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m t h e b a s e p e r i o d to t h e d a t e o f
the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d d a t e s .
Annual r a te s of in c r e a s e , w here
s h o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n t h e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r t h a n 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t i o n s
w e r e b a s e d on t h e a s s u m p t i o n t h a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d a t a c o n s t a n t r a t e
b etw een s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n ot i n t e n d e d t o m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n t h e a r e a .

sh o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
Th e in d e x i s the p r o d u c t of m u ltip ly in g
th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 ) b y t h e r e l a t i v e f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r an d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r ' s in d ex.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu siv e of e a rn in g s fo r o v ertim e.
F o r plant w o rk e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s an d i n c l u d e m o s t o f t h e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.
L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
ch a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n ce d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y an d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n th e s a m e j o b , an d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s i n the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d ec lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r- p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s
e n te r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t t h e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f t h e f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (m en and women):
Bookk eeping- machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

The
p l i e d b y th e
in th e g r o u p
w ere related
g a te f o r the

Office clerical (men and wom en)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Continued
Electricians
Secretaries
Machinists
Stenographers, general
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics (automotive)
Switchboard operators, classes
Painters
A and B
Pipefitters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Tool and die makers
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
Industrial nurses (men and
cleaners
women):
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)

The u s e o f c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w eig h ts e l i m in a t e s the e ffe c t
o f c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d i n th e d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s su c h , o r by p r e m iu m p ay
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e an y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n t h e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u l t i ­
o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , an d t h e p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s
w ere totaled .
The a g g r e g a t e s for 2 c o n se cu tiv e y e a r s
b y d i v i d i n g t h e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e ­
e arlie r y ear.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5




T a b le 2 .
In d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d
C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 a n d S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 9 , a n d p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r io d s
A ll in d u stries
O ffice
clerical
( m e n an d
women)

P eriod

Industrial
nurses
( m e n an d
women)

o c c u p a t io n a l

g ro u p s

in

M an u factu rin g

Skilled
m ain ten an ce
trades
(m e n )

U n skilled
plant
w orkers
(m en)

O ffice
clerical
( m e n a nd
women)

Industrial
nurses
( m e n and
women)

S k illed
m ain ten an ce
trades
(m en)

U n skilled
pl a n t
w orkers
(m e n )

In d exes (S e p te m b e r 1967=100)
S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 -------------- --S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 9 - ----------- _

-------------------------- --------------------------------- _ _ _ __

1 15 .9
1 09 .9

12 5 .2
1 1 7.2

123 .5
1 14 . 8

1 23 . 0
111 .9

1 15 . 0
10 8 .7

1 25 .4
11 7 .1

123 .5
1 14 .7

121.1

1 58 . 8
1 26 . 7

1 51 . 8
12 2 .9

1 46 .2

7.1
7.3
9.1
5.4
4 .4
4.1
.9
3.3
2.9
3.0
3.1

7.7
5 .0
9 .2
3.3
4 .3
3.4
.9
3.0
3.4

1 11 .9

In dexes (S e p te m b e r 1960=100)
S e p t e m b e r 197 0
--------------- - - - - -- - - - - - S e p t e m b e r 19 6 7 ----- ----------------------------- --------- --

139 .1

120.0

158 .6
1 26 .8

15 2.3
1 23 . 4

14 8 .8

121.1

1 36 . 7
11 8 .9

120.8

P ercen ts of in crea se

Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber

196 9
19 6 8
196 7
196 6
1965
19 6 4
1963
196 2
1961
19 6 0
19 5 9

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber
Septem ber

1 9 7 0 ----------------------196 9 -------------------1 9 6 8 - - - ---------19 6 7 --------------------1966
196 5 --------------------1964- _
__ _
1 9 6 3 ----------- -------1 9 6 2 ----------------1961
-------I960—
— --------

5.5
4 .8
4 .9
4 .0
2.3
3.1
1.4
2.5
2 .7

2.6
4 .0

6.8
7.3
9 .2
5.5
4 .4
4.1
.9
3.3
2.9
3.0
3.1

,e
5.2
9.1
3.6
4 .3
3.4

9 .9
3.4

8.2
4 .6

2.2
2.7

1.1

1.6

3.1
3.4
2.5
3 .2

2.9
3.1
2.3
2.9

5.8
4 .5
4 .0
4 .5
2.3
2.9
.5

2.6
2.4
2.4
3 .0

NOTE:
P r e v i o u s l y p u b l is h e d i n d e x e s fo r the C l e v e l a n d a r e a u s e d S e p t e m b e r I960 a s the b ase
p eriod .
T h e y ca n b e c o n v e r t e d to the n e w b a s e p e r i o d by div id in g th e m by the c o r r e s p o n d i n g in dex
n u m b e r s f o r S e p t e m b e r 196 7 o n t h e S e p t e m b e r I 9 6 0 b a s e p e r i o d a s s h o w n in t h e t a b l e .
(T he result
s h o u l d b e m u l t i p l i e d b y 1 00 .)

8.2
5.5

6.1
3.6
3.1

2.8
1.5
3.4

2.8

2.6
2.2

3.1

4 .2

7
A .

O c c u p a t i o n a l

T a b le A-1.

e a r n i n g s

O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
Number

(
Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

t

S

$

*

workers

t

$

t

t

S

%

$

*

*

$

S

$

$

S

$

t

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

18C

190

200

210

60

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19C

200

210

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

9

-

-

-

-

-

2

9

12
3
9

40
26
14
7

30
26
4
3

54
26
28
3

79
53
26
4

60
53
7
3

56
28
28
24

35
32
3
1

13
9
4
3

2
1
1

-

-

_

55
M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

and
un de r

MEN
395
2 57
138
50

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

$
154.50
1 57.00
150.00
1 64.50

$
155.50
159.00
151.00
1 72.50

$
$
1 41 .00 -1 71 .50
1 4 2 .50 -1 71 .50
1 32 .00 -1 72 .00
1 4 9 .50 -1 77 .50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

1 2*
7*
50

40.5
39.5
4 1.5

129.00
136.00
1 19.00

129.00
138.50
118.00

1 13 .00 -1 46 .50
1 24 .00 -1 51 .00
1 03 .50 -1 36 .00

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------

410
197
213
211

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

134.00
145.00
124.00
124.00

135.50
152.00
121.50
121.50

1 12 .00 -1 58 .00
1 30 .00 -1 61 .00
1 04 .50 -1 41 .50
1 04 .50 -1 41 .50

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

67
58

39.5
39.5

152.00
155.50

142.00
1 47.00

1 3 6 .00 -1 75 .00
1 37 .50 -1 80 .00

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYSi --------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------FINANCE ---------------------

315
110
205
41
121

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
38.0

97.50
96.00
98.50
116.50
95.50

9 5.50
93.00
97.50
112.50
96.00

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
8 7.00-103.50
6 7.0 0-10 9.0 0
102 .00 -1 34 .50
8 7 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------

74

39.0

155.00

159.50

1 36 .00 -1 69 .00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------

83

118.50

111.00

1 06 .00 -1 25 .00

-

-

-

-

102.00
102.00
102.00
127.50
93.50

99.00
101.00
98.50
1 30.00
95.5 0

9 1 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
9 1.00-117.50
1 17 .50 -1 42 .50
9 0 .0 0 - 98.50

-

3
3

9
9

-

-

-

6

”
_

_

o
o

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING----------- -----NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIFS ------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

9
9
9

6
6
6

9
9
9

6
6
6

2
2
-

-

-

*

39
24
15
15

1

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

29
24
5
5

33
16
17
17

16
7
9
9

4

-

7
4
3
3

5
5

2
2

5
5

11
11

2
1
1
1

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
18
7

19
10
9

17
14
3

18
15
3

-

39
5
34
34

56
16
40
40

34
15
19
19

35
24
11
11

63
57
6
6

4

23
19

9
8
7

2
-

-

5

-

-

-

-

5

3

3
2

5
5
-

-

10
3
7

23
3
20
18

1
~

24
6
18

5

-

4
2
2

-

3

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

“

“

3
3

-

3

32
12
20

-

10

55
21
34
6
27

-

2

-

9

22
12
10

-

9

“

7

2

“

43
24
19
12

30
7
23
1
21

-

-

-

62
21
41
12
23

44
13
31
4
20

7
2
5
5

7
2
5
5

2

12
5
7

5

-

~

9
2
7

-

12

8

7

9

20

5

5

5

-

1

-

-

1

5

31

21

5

5

1

5

3

2

2

-

-

-

3

25
7
18

47
5
42

26
11
17

8
2
6
2

3
2
1
1

25
3
22
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

3

ie

34

6

38
10
28
22
1

2

14

1

5
5

29
8

24
21

19
15

10
10

3
2

_

_

_

_

_

”

l
l

.

“

“

“

~

_

1

70
49
21
17

43
23
20
9

14
14

22
4
18
9

_

_

-

79
5
74
54

_

-

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------

22 6
52
174
47
78

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

“

6

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------

110
62

39.0
39.0

110.00
118.50

110.50
118.00

1 02 .00 -1 26 .00
110 .50 -1 29 .00

_

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------WHOLESALE TRADE --------

239
103
136
89

38.5
4 0.0
37.5
37.5

117.50
122.50
114.00
112.00

114.50
119.50
109.50
109.00

1 08 .50 -1 25 .50
1 14 .00 -1 30 .00
106.50 -1 22 .00
1 0 7 .00 -1 14 .00

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------WHOLESALE TRADE -------FINANCE ---------------See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s




324
161
163
86
53

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
38.0

103.00
102.50
103.50
101.00
111.00

102.00
102.00
101.50
100.50
108.00

9 3.00-109.00
9 2.0 0-10 9.0 0
9 4.00-109.00
9 3 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

“

_

~

~

-

1

“

-

1
1

“

1

1

~

1

-

1

3

2
1
1

12
7
5

28
23
5

-

-

1

2

59
22
37
30
7

1

41
14
27
12
11

112
60
52
38
10

33
16
17
6
8

“

22
10
12

3
2
1

8

1

~
6
6

-

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

6
1
5

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"
.

5
5

•

-

-

5

-

”

'

8

T a b le A-1.

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s —men and w o m e n -----C o n tin u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p t e m b e r 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
woricers

$

Average
hours 1
(standard)

55
Mean 2

Median ^

Middle range2

$

$
60

$
65

$

%

70

75

t

*
80

85

$
90

S

%

95

100

$

S

110

120

t
130

t

t

140

150

$
160

t
170

$
180

$
190

$
200

21 0

~

and
un de r

and

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

160

190

200

-

-

-

“

9
9
-

2
2
~

13
9
4
3
1

34
17
17
15
~
2
“

120
54
66
12
15
19
17

174
74
100
40
30
8
8

155
83
72
25
10
5
20

132
85
47
7
9
4
18

182
1 36
46
12
15
3
6

93
67
26
10
2
5
6

31
25
6
2
2
-

21
12
9
1
6

10
8
2
2
-

3
2
1
1
-

-

-

50
6
44
38
5
1

-

-

-

-

87

228
93
135

46
41
30

52
36
13

28 4
160
124
14
30
17
46

41 9
186
233
25
62
51
65

220
109
111
31
28
27
23

130
93
37
6
20
7
2

58
52
6

6
29
12

281
141
140
6
41
53
34

73
51

65

195
56
139

17
12
5
1
-

7
5
2
2
-

_
-

•
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

8
4
i

10
6

8
8
1

12
6
i

49
47
45

27
21
21

_

-

-

_
-

99

105
34
71
7
16
40

129
17
112
41
2
58

76
21
55
12
6
33

35
6
29
6
6
13

-

-

_
-

89
23
66
5

30
7
23
5

17

210 o v e r

WOMEN - CONTINUED
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------FINANCE
— — -

1 ,0 2 9
580
4 49
164
84
54
83

3 9.0
39.5
3 9.0
39.0
4 0.0
40.0
37.5

$
127.50
133.00
120.00
116.00
124.00
114.00
1 26.00

$
127.00
133.50
1 19.00
116.00
119.50
1 09.50
1 24.00

$
$
1 12 .50 -1 44 .50
1 18 .0 0 -1 4 7 .5 0
1 05 .00 -1 33 .50
9 6.00-124.50
1 15 .00 -1 39 .50
1 0 3 .00 -1 28 .00
U l . 0 0-13 4.5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------WHOLESALE TRAOE ------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------FINANCE ----------------------

2 ,0 2 0
9 90
1,030
112
2 90
28 4
23 0

39.5
39.5
39.0
38.5
3 9.5
4 0.0
37.5

101.00
105.00
97.00
1 06.00
97.5 0
95.00
97.0 0

98.5 0
100.50
96.0 0
106.50
95.0 0
92.5 0
98.0 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
92.5 0-11 6.5 0
8 6.50-105.50
9 5.00-117.00
87.0 0-10 5.5 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
9 0.5 0-10 5.0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------FINANCE ----------------------

143
109
84

3 9.5
39.5
39.5

108.00
108.00
111.50

106.50
106.50
108.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------FINANCE ----------------------

628
184
444
80
83
212

3 9.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
39.5
38.0

89.50
93.00
88.00
97.50
84.50
87.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------FINANCE ----------------------

551
95
456
47
54
267

39.0
39.5
3 9.0
39.0
40.0
38.5

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

70 4
359
345
236
66

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




-

_
-

-

-

-

-

9 9.0 0-11 6.5 0
1 00 .50 -1 14 .00
1 04 .00 -1 15 .50

_

_

89.50
89.00
89.50
94.00
84.00
90.00

8 1 .5 0 - 96.00
8 1.50-100.00
8 2 .0 0 - 95.00
9 1.5 0-10 1.0 0
7 6 . 5 0 - 89.50
8 3 .0 0 - 94.50

-

81.50
85.50
80.50
92.00
76.50
80.00

82.00
85.00
81.50
89.00
79.0 0
82.00

7 6 .0 0 - 86.50
7 9 .5 0 - 91.50
7 5 .5 0 - 85.00
7 6.00-111.50
7 1 .0 0 - 82.50
7 6 .5 0 - 86.00

39.5
40.0
3 9.5
40.0
39.0

102.00
1 04.00
1 00.50
106.00
84.00

101.00
99.50
101.50
104.00
87.50

8 10
520
29 0
77
75
80

3 9.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
4 0.0
39.5

117.00
119.50
113.00
126.00
109.00
103.50

456
2 13
243

39.0
39.5
38.5
4 0 .0
38.0

106.00
1 1 1 .0 0
101.50
104.50
96.00

55

152

5
4
1
1
-

16
6
10

22

22
10
-

“

22
4

3

5

-

3

3

4

5

-

-

10

8

10

4

9
9

1
1
“

-

3
3

_
-

*

*

41
25
16
11
3
2

10
8
2
2

6
6
-

3
3
-

-

_
-

-

-

12
7
5
3

5
2
3
3

9
-

-

-

9

-

91
33
58
45
4

51
39
12
12

27
14
13
13

116
80
36

5
~
5
“

27
1
26
16

46
12
34
20
7

46
25
21
3
10

8
8
8

10
10
10

21
~
21
12
6

80
12
68
10
11
29

86
14
72
10
6
42

184
21
163
25
95

55

18

_
-

7
2
5
-

15
15
6
3

40
36
4
4

58
50
8
7
1

45
22
23
14
3

67
35
32
15
10

66
36
30
7
12

168
54
114
105

5

29
3
26
7
19

1 15.50
117.00
113.00
120.00
105.50
107.00

1 0 2 .50 -1 32 .50
1 0 4 .00 -1 34 .00
9 7.00-128.00
1 11 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0
9 1.50-125.00
8 5.00-120.00

-

_
-

2
2

2
1
1
-

8

30
13
17

39
21
18
*

50
29
21

i

136
89
47
17
12
11

159
104

15
5

42
27
15
1
6

103.50
107.50
101.50
102.50
95.00

9 3.00-114.50
9 5 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
9 0.50-112.50
9 4.50-108.00
8 3 .0 0-1C 5 .00

_
-

41
28
13
12

103
40
63
28
35

79
39
40

3

-

4

8 8.00-115.00
8 5 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
9 1.00-111.00
1 00 .00 -1 16 .50
6 8 .0 0 - 97.00

3

-

-

-

-

8
6

29
70
25
33

2

1

i

17

9

“
_
-

1

4
-

19

25

22

4

19
19

25

13
9
-

24

9

1
1

4

5

73
38
35
16
19

9
8
2

5

21

5

3

6
13

ii
i
25
11
14

5

35
23
12
2

17

7

5

18

-

~
~

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
14
2
2

18
17
1
1

1
“
1
1

5
4

68
41
27
20

23
14
9

14
14
-

4
4
-

4

26
18
8
5
1

“

•

3

14
14

_

-

-

-

-

-

9

91
65
26
6

55

-

4

12
5
7
-

2
1

-

-

-

2
7

“

i
i
-

-

~

-

-

*
“

“

-

9
T a b le A-1.

O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n -----C o n tin u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p t e m b e r 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is i

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
standard)

t

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

10C

110

A
120

and
under
60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

lie

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19C

2CC

-

2
2
-

52
40
12
6
3

29
22
7
6
1

71
39
32
5
11
14

268
178
90
9
23
55

288
147
141
13
52
62

170
132
38
6
12
9

87
46
41
4
16
13

39
21
18
13
3
2

9
4
5
5
-

3
2
1
1
~

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

120
34
86
22
7
4
50

205
61
144
49
37
7
39

182
68
114
29
23
7
47

251
105
146
10
54
1C
58

157
63
94
35
39
8
6

72
42
30
7
13
8

78
21
57
57

20
17
3
3

27
27

7
7

_

_

_

_

39
10
29
19

15
9
6

28
18
10
5

7
6
1
1

1
1

68
26
42
1C
6
10
15

115
56
59
8

50C
224
276
2e
32
24
168

675
362
313
30
49
24
170

718
395
323
38
59
38
134

725
4 84
241
34
28
36
128

515
340
175
33
30
17
49

475
311
164
56
25
10
47

251
163
88
24
25
9
17

198
143
55
14
5
9
9

106
77
29
16
1
1C

5

6

2

1
1

18
11
7

24
15
9

81
62
19

24
13
11

76
58
18

63
44
19

28
22
6

37
31

29
26
3

19
8
ii

11
7
4

42
12
3C
-

106
29
77
20
21
7
16

171
63
108
11
23
11
59

223
128
95
6
2
18
67

125
65
60
6
15
7
20

154
1C1
53
9
3
7
23

96
67
29
7
7
3
8

98
63
35
8
2
1
8

43
22
21
14
~

12
7
5

5

5

8
2
6
i
4
i

13
11
2
“

357
228
129
22
13
19
66

300
198
102
23
23
10
44

244
171
73
21
12
7
22

184
1C1
83
42
17
1
12

80
47
33
13
9
2
3

61
49
12
3
2
7

24
22
2

5
2
3

2
2

-

“

1

3

*

”

1

“

166
89

121
96
25
12

120
89
31
5

61
51
10
5

10
5
5

11

2

2

-

9
2

2

2

~

i
Mean 2

Median ^

M iddle range2

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

%

$

$

130

1
t
$
$
s
$
140 150 160 170 18C 190

$

200

210

210 o v e r

WOMEN - CO NT IN UE D
KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------FINANCE -----------------------

1,022
635
387
55
130
159

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0

$
112.50
112.00
112.50
122.50
112.50
111.00

$
$
105.00-122.50
105.00-122.50
105.50-122.00
110.00-142.50
105.00-120.50
105.50-117.00

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -----------WHOLESALE t r a d e ------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------FINANCE -----------------------

1,305
482
823
212
251
74
233

39.5 102.00 99.00
39.5 108.00 103.00
39.5 98.00 96.50
40.0 109.50 103.50
40.0 94.50 96.00
39.5 93.50 92.50
38.5 93.50 94.50

90.50-112.00
94.00-119.00
88.50-106.50
93.00-134.50
83.00-1C5.50
79.50-108.00
87.50-1C0.50

ME SS EN GE RS (OFFICE GIRLS) ------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ------------

322
114
208
35

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

83.50
90.00
80.00
94.50

83.00
85.50
80.00
92.00

74.0081.5070.5089.50-

SECRETARIES -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------FINANCE -----------------------

4,516
2,662
1,854
299
273
198
806

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
38.0

134.00
137.50
128.50
140.00
133.00
124.00
123,50

131.50
135.50
124.50
140.50
127.50
124.00
120.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------MA NUFACTURING -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

413
300
113

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------FINANCE -----------------------

1,105
576
5 29
82
77
54
243

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
38.5
40.0
37.5

143.50
149.00
138.00
146.00
137.00
135.00
133.50

140.00
147.50
133.50
148.50
128.00
136.00
131.50

126.50-159.50
133.50-165.50
121.00-153.00
119.00-174.00
119.50-148.00
124.00-145.50
121.50-143.00

_

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------FINANCE ----------------------

1,882
1,109
773
140
116
89
374

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5

130.50
134.00
126.00
140.50
133.50
120.00
119.00

129.00
131.50
123.50
145.00
135.00
120.50
117.00

116.50-144.00
119.50-145.CO
111.50-141.50
127.50-157.50
117.50-152.50
103.00-135.50
109.00-128.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ---------MA NUFACTURING ----------------NO NMANUFACTURING -------------FINANCE ----------------------

1,112
675
437
157

38.5
39.C
38.0
37.0

120.00
124.50
113.00
109.50

117.50
121.00
109.50
106.00

105.00-134.00
108.50-139.00
101.00-124.50
100.00-117.50

See foo tn ot es at end o f t a bl e s.




$
113.50
113.50
114.00
124.00
112.00
111.50

91.50
99.00
89.00
94.50

116.50-150.00
119.50-153.00
111.00-143.50
119.50-158.50
117.50-149.50
107.50-139.50
108.50-134.50

39.0 158.50 157.50 137.00-178.00
39.0 159.00 158.50 137.00-179.00
39.0 157.50 153.50 136.00-174.00

-

~

”

“

_

12

24

-

-

12
~

12

-

-

-

“

24

10
6
4

37
8
29

-

-

~

-

12
17

-

-

36
10
28

43
7
36

28
8
20

76
41
35

-

-

“

36
13
23
10

17
2
15

37
12
25
-

-

“

18
1
5

_

10

38

-

-

~

-

10

-

-

38

-

2

_

_

-

11

-

-

-

11

-

-

~

-

4
-

4

103
23
80

-

-

-

-

-

3

6
6

*

-

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

3
1
14
2
2
6

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

1

9

-

-

-

1

9

13
3
10

-

10
26
-

-

5

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

6
-

-

6
4
2
-

26

31
12
19

19C
74
116

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

1

-

-

-

-

3
4

5
1

6
12

14
17
85

348
183
165
6
19
11
123

-

-

11

16

35

-

-

11

78
40
38
14

267
137
13C
57

2C3
139
64
31

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

1

33
17
16
10

3

6

-

-

7

9

3

6
2

9
8

26
14

77
9

-

1
1

-

~

_

-

~

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

*

48
37
11
3
3
-

29
12
17
4
6
i

24
18
6
i
i
-

~
~
“
~

T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n -----C o n tin u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p t e m b e r 1970)
W eekly earnings 1
(
standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

t
Average
weekly

55
Mean 2

M edian 2

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

S

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

-

4
4
-

12
12
-

88
44
44
1
2
30

108
45
63
3

260
96
164
94
12
52

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

57
24

“

“

t

no

120

130

no

120

130

118
69
49
13
19

337
179
158
34
15
82

320
173
147
58
28
29

33

69
19
50

12

21

222
91
131
16
72

2

13
4
9
1
28
14
14

$

t

i

$

*

$

60

$

$
210
and

140

150

160

170

180

190

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210
138
72
16
16
30

137
65
72
56

50
15
35
30

5
3
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

225
113
112
34
29

231
158
73
7
41

169
116
53
16
9

161
no
51
2
12

70
46
24
5

66
40
26
6
15

13
13
11
-

4
4
“

5
5
5

_

37
2C
17
5

21
10
11
2

43
27
16
10

18
8
10
5

24
10
14
10

10
9
1
*

-

2
2
“

*

“

-

-

46
12
34

50
18
32
21
2
5

43
27
16

2
1
1
1

4

1

-

-

_

-

-

-

*

4

1
1

-

-

-

-

5
5

10
4
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

1

1

”

“

and
u n d er

Middle range2

(standard)

200
-

$

210 over

W M N - CONTINUED
O E

*
O
0
1

$

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
38.0

108.00
109.00
107.00
112.50
110.00
100.00

106.00
108.00 95.50-121.00
104.00 93.00-118.50
111.00 94.00-132.50
115.50 102.00-119.50
99.50 89.50-108.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------—

1,294
719
575
92
221

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
37.5

125.00
127.50
121.50
128.00
118.50

123.50
127.50
117.50
119.50
112.00

109.00-140.00
115.50-141.00
104.50-136.00
115.00-139.00
102.50-128.00

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------

172
91
81
33

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

122.50
125.00
119.50
127.00

125.00
126.00
122.50
129.50

106.00-137.00
108.50-139.00
104.00-135.50
121.00-141.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

307
80
227
38
63
65

39.5 99.00 99.00 81.50-115.50
39.5 110.50 114.00 99.50-122.50
39.5 95.00 92.50 79.00-108.50
40.0 116.50 116.50 111.00-121.00
39.5 83.00 78.00 74.50- 88.50
38.0 100.00 100.00 93.00-104.00

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING — ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------

701
347
354
31
175
67

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
37.0

100.00 98.50
101.50 100.50
99.00 96.00
100.00 105.50
102.50 97.50
91.00 91.00

126
101

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------ --------

322
137
185
92

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------—
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------- -------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE-------------------------------------------TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------------

O

1,6*9
843
806
307
76
306

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

4
2
2

27
27

36
36

30
3
27

11
11

2

16
1

22
-

3

4

25
3
22
5
3
14

11

22

89.50-107.50
90.50-109.00
89.00-106.50
92.50-108.00
89.00-110.00
86.00- 96.50

-

-

_

3

-

-

13
13

3

-

72
41
31

92
44
48

13
13

26
9

187
102
85
17
31
10

48
27
21
1
16

22
12
10

-

107
38
69
11
23
17

48
32
16

*

94
29
65
2
39
18

12

9

40.0 118.00 117.00
40.0 116.00 113.00

97.50-134.50
94.50-133.50

_

_

2
2

2
2

23
23

10
10

9
8

25
11

19
17

9
5

6
5

18
18

38.5 102.00 100.50
39.5 104.50 103.00
38.0 100.00 98.50
37.0 94.50 94.50

91.00-112.00
90.00-117.00
91.00-109.00
88.00-101.50

40
8
32
18

42
12
30
16

70
27
43
18

67
32
35
8

14
12
2
1

10
8
2

4
2
2

_

1,016
557
459
45
117
195

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
38.5

109.50
112.00
107.00
112.50
96.50
113.00

106.50
110.00
103.50
109.50
94.00
112.00

114
71
43

125
80
45
8
1
32

134
80
54
2

29
12
17
7

4
44

5

2,033
741
1,292
197
724

39.0
40.0
38.5

91.50
95.00
89.50
87.00
87.50

90.00
93.00
89.00
87.00
87.50

78
46
32
8

9




40.0

37.5

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

3

-

-

2

-

-

3
8

”

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s

3

54

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

-

“

16
8
8
8

19
17
2
1

39
10
29

_

20

109
56
53
3

2

209
104
105
1C

11
4

113
44
69
9
29
17

25
14

11
15

40

141
90
51
4
8
24

317
81
236
25
155

442
172
270
37
184

362
106
256
18
127

231
105
126
30
62

209
122

120
47

87

73

11
55

10
19

_
-

-

95.50-124.00
97.50-126.00
92.50-121.00
94.00-126.00
88.00-103.50
99.50-130.00

_
-

-

84.00- 98.00
86.50-103.50
82.50- 95.00
74.50- 97.00
82.00- 93.00

_
-

-

-

2
2

_

-

-

_

5

-

2

38
4
34
13
20

-

3
-

114
17
97
39
52

-

Ill

36
75
6
50

3

17
-

22

28

3

“

“

_

-

1
5

1
1

-

_

-

-

-

1

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

2

-

-

“

14
14

“

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”
-

-

-

-

“

-

3

6

-

11

T a b le A -1a.

O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —large e s ta b lis h m e n ts —men and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s □f—
$

$

Average
weekly

60
Mean ^

Median ^

Middle range 2

standard)

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

$
lie

$
120

$
130

140

$
150

S
160

170

180

$
190

$
2C0

and
u n d er

210
and

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

11C

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19C

<;C0

210

$
$
146.50 -1 74 .50
148.00 -1 74 .00
145 .00 -1 76 .50

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

2
2

-

-

3
3

27

47
38
9

53
46
7

40
25
15

35
32
3

9
5
4

2

3

18
4

20

1
1

-

-

20
12
8

22

-

1 07 .50 -1 44 .00

-

-

-

-

-

1

4

1

6

8

5

9

10

10

10

*

-

-

-

-

144.00 -1 68 .50
141 .00 -1 65 .50

-

_

_
-

_

-

-

15
14

33
27

19
14

4

-

-

2
2

16

-

3
3

22

-

3
3

2

-

2
2

_

7
4

-

_
~

ov e r

HEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

263

200
63
**

CLERKS, ORDER ----- -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

64

$
160.00
160.00
160.50

$
162.00
162.00
166.00

#u i O l
39.5

126.00

128.50

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS) --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S ----------------------------

40.0
4 0.0

156.00
153.00

/ n .0
r

U U * JO

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

101.50

82
35

53

LLtK nrA TK U L L ™

-

40.0

147.00

1

69

119.50

113.50

105 .50 -1 31 .00

-

52

40.0

123.00

124.50

114.00 -1 33 .00

“

130

100
54
148

66

7

3

• 2U

*
o
o

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------

40.0
40.0
39.5

156.00
154.50

-

-

100.50

9 0.50-108.00

101.00 1 0 0 . 5 0
9 2.50-108.00
100.00
8 8 .0 0-1C 9 .00
110.00 1 0 2 . 0 0 - 1 3 5 . CO

11
-

13

136 .00 -1 75 .50

101.50
115.50

18

_
-

1

4

~

2
2

1

2
1
1

11
2
9

17
4
13

20
15
5

6

-

17
7

10
-

33
17
16
8

2
2

-

-

-

11

12

7

5

6

4
7
4

9
3
2

2

2

~

5
5

3
3

6
6

12

8

20

5

5

i

5

3

2

1

14

15

5

6

2

“

~

1

7

8
1

3

5
5

“
”

1
1

83
55
28

62
45
17
9

26

13

22

2
1
1
1

-

~
_

“

~

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------

.JU

c

2

5

8

1

1

1

ii

12

“

WOMEN
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------

109
63

39.0
38.5

100.00
99.00

96.50
93.00

8 8.0 0-10 8.0 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------- -----NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S ----------------------------

516
306

129.50
136.50
119.50
115.50

129.50
135.50
118.00
115.50

110.50 -1 48 .50
119.50 -1 53 .00
9 6 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

-

136

39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------- ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------- —

71 0
405
305
56
209

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

105.00
109.00

101.00

100.00
107.00
97.00

105.00
95.00
103.00
93.50

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
8 6.5 0-11 0.0 0
8 9.0 0-12 1.0 0
8 4 .5 0-10 5.5 0

~
~
-

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S -------------------------

301
106
195
78

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0

94.00
99.00
91.00
97.50

92.00
93.00
92.00
94.00

86 . 0 0 - 1 C 0 . 0 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 - 96.50
9 1 .5 0 - 99.50

5
5

CLERKS* FI LE* CLASS C ----- — —
------— —
—
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------FI NANCE — —
—————
—— — ———
—
—

61
146

39.5
38.5

88.00

88.00

84.50

82.50

7 7 .5 079.5 07 6.0 0-

164
91
73

39.5
40.0
39.0

106.00
119.50
89.50

101.00

MANUFACTURING---------------- ----------------------

CLERKS, OR DER ----------------------------------- --—
MANUFACTURING-------------------------------- --—
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TR A D E ------------ “ -------- — —
—
See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




210

66

1

"
~
-

1
1

-

_
“

1
-

~

1

2

22

14

13

14

7

17

12

6

8

2

1

_
-

7
3
4

49

20

6

3
17
15

31
16
15
9

21
12

65
38
27
19

70
41
29

2

11
2
“

67
24
43

74
33
41

65
41
24
2
17

71
36
35

51
33
18

19

50
32
18

45
33

50
44

16

6

-

11

4

12

6

5

10
21

6
7

4
3

3
3

4

2
”
2

30
5
25

12
12

36
n3
13

10
8

6
6

-

-

-

12

3

fc
i
i

4
2

3
3

2
3

17
13
4

”
9

4
i

6
3

34
18
16

43
38

88
40
48
4
39

9
3

-

~

-

i

3

16

37

19

ii
i
10
-

11

13

24

4
7

10

10

3

14

56
23
33
7

67
41

-

13
24

7
9

9
2

5
2
3

14
3

24

8

12

12
12

7
i

8
4

ie

-

90*50
97.00
88.50

2

4

3
27

8 8 .0 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
113.50 1 0 0 .0 0 -1 4 5 .5 0
9 1 . CC
6 8 .5 0 - 99.00

5
~
5

22
3
19

3
3

14

6

21

40

5

3
2

1
4

~

12
7

*
5

4

1

77

10

11

8

-

24

13
7

46
33

22

2
56
44

12
6

10

3

1

4

~

~

~

~

3

-

2
1
1

”
~

-

-

-

~

~

~

-

”

7
6
i

i

5
4
i

~

~

16
14
2

“
~

“

~

~

~

~
~

“
_

”

11

2

“

_
~
~

~

3
3

2

1C
8
2

*
~

~

~

9

10
10
~

7
6
i

i

~

~

~

“

12

T a b le A -1 a.

O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —large e s t a b lis h m e n ts —men and w o m e n — C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

Average

*

60
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

(standard)

$

$

$

i

*

$

$

$

$

s

$

S

$

$

$

*

$

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

18C

190

200

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

11C

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

2

2
1
1

1

2

1

6
3
3

7
4
3
-

4
1
3
-

5
3
2
1

19
10
9
2

13
1C
3
-

69
37
32
14

46
41
5
3

48
37
11
6

45
21
24
19

25
17
8
5

10
8
2
2

9
9
-

4
4
-

-

-

-

1

4

1
1

4

19
19
19

25
25
24

10
1
9
9

20
1
19
19

16
3
13
12

29
29
27

19
9
10
8

73
36
37
17

33
23
10
7

22
11
11
5

12
5
7

3
2
1

14
14
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

2
2
-

11
6
5
2

13
13
-

34
25
9
5
2

56
32
24
7
16

86
69
17
2
14

139
96
43
13
26

115
84
31
6
9

70
46
24
4
4

38
21
17
12
2

6
1
5
5
-

3
2
1
-

4
4
~

-

~

-

-

23
6
17
17

39
17
22
10
12

50
16
34
1
4
29

122
39
83
49
7
27

72
32
40
9
5
26

87
50
37
8
6
19

32
19
13
2
6

120
55
65
34
8
2

70
42
28
7
8

75
18
57
57

20
17
3
3

27
27
-

7
I
-

-

_

-

_
-

-

-

1
1

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and
u n d er

65

$
210

65

and

WOMEN - CONTINUED

315
206
109
52

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

300
105
195
152

39.0 110.00 110.50 94.00-125.00
40.0 125.50 123.00 112.00-136.00
38.5 101.50 101.50 85.00-113.50
38.0 96.00 95.00 83.00-105.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S ------------------------F I N A N C E -------------------------------------------

577
399
178
54
75

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

117.50
117.OC
118.50
123.50
112.00

116.00
115.50
117.00
121.00
111.50

106.50-127.50
106.50-126.00
106.50-131.00
109.50-142.00
104.50-119.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S ------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------FINANCE -------------------------------------------

749
347
402
168
70
121

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

108.5C
113.0C
104.50
114.0C
93.00
93.50

103,5C
108.00
100.50
114.50
91.00
93.50

93.00-121.50
96.00-124.50
91.50-118.00
94.00-136.00
79.50-108.00
88.00- 99.50

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRL S) ----------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------- ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

164
99
65
35

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

90.0C
91.0C
88.50
94.50

88.50
88.00
89.00
92.0C

82•50— 96.50
82.00-1C0.50
83.00- 93.50
89.50- 94.50

7
4
3

46
33
13
-

24
10
14
10

30
10
20
19

11
9
2
-

16
15
1
1

8
3
5
4

7
6
i
i

1
1

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------- <
------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------- ------------—
RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------FINANCE -------------------------------------------

2,686
1,874
812
165
76
169
396

39.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
39.0

138.5C
140.50
134.00
156.50
153.00
122.CC
126.00

136.50
138.00
132.5C
156.50
152.50
123.50
121.00

119.00-155.00
121.50-155.50
115.50-153.CO
144.50-165.CO
138.50-162.50
106.50-138.50
111.50-138.CO

3
3
-

6
6

11
5
6
1
4

30
12
18
10
7

57
40
17
10
7

92
46
46
10
35

130
88
42
8
34

380
246
134
2
4
22
104

340
231
109
7
7
32
63

446
328
118
21
11
32
53

362
273
89
30
13
13
33

333
226
107
52
19
10
26

184
132
52
22
10
9
11

141
118
23
13
4
2
4

92
72
20
13
1
6

34
28
6
1
5

23
11
12
3
6
1
2

22
18
4
1
1
2

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

203
169

39.0 169.00 166.00 154.50-187.0C
39.0 168.00 165.5C 154.00-1e5.50

“

-

-

-

1
1

-

*

5
5

21
19

13
9

36
31

40
32

17
14

27
26

19
18

13
7

11
7

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S ------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------FINANCE -------------------------------------------

574
384
190
38
52
79

39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0

152.00
153.00
15C.00
170.00
135.50
147.50

150.50
152.00
146.50
173.00
136.5C
143.00

135.50-168.CO
136.00-168.50
134.50-165.50
158.00-187.00
125.50-147.00
134.00-158.50

-

-

1
1

-

25
15
10
5
3

46
26
20
11
9

115
75
40
2
18
18

79
49
30
4
7
18

95
70
25
5
7
11

69
50
19
6
3
3

61
46
15
8
1
4

39
22
17
12
5

11
6
5
5

8
2
6
1
1

11
11
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --------------- ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S ------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE -------------------------------------------

1,292
848
444
100
50
66
228

39.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
39.5

134.50
136.50
130.50
150.50
146.50
114.50
123.50

132.50
134.CO
129.CO
155.50
148.50
114.50
120.00

119.00-148.00
120.50-148.50
116.50-147.50
142.00-159.00
138.50-157.00
101.50-130.00
114.50-132.00

1

226
153
73
6
4
13
50

225
158
67
14
9
10
34

184
136
48
20
12
3
13

150
78
72
42
17
1
12

66
45
21
13
3
2
3

54
49
5
3
2
-

24
22
2
1
1

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------FINANCE -------------------------------------------

613
471
142
75

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.0

123.50
127.5C
111.00
103.5C

120.00
126.50
106.5C
103.50

106.00-140.50
110.00-145.50
100.50-122.CC
100.50-109.50

63
47
16
4

85
76
9

84
77
7

52
47
5

7
5
2

9
9
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




127.00
130.00
121.50
132.50

$
$
112.50-142.00
115.00-142.00
110.00-142.00
117.50-144-50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S -------------------------

126.50
128.50
118.50
140.00

4

X

4

1

2
2

I

2

3
“

“

6
*

1

3
3

1

3

2

3

2
-

3

1
1

9
4
5
4

2
2
-

4
3
1

-

1

8
7
1
1

8
3
5

14
6
8

26
16
10

6C
34
26

5
“

“

-

6
2

6
4

5
21

246
143
103
2
2
11
88

22
9
13
7

41
32
9
5

61
26
35
30

62
47
15
12

109
88
21
13

_

_

_

-

-

-

13
T a b le A -1a.

O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s —large e s ta b lis h m e n ts —men and w o m e n ---- C o ntin u ed

''A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r 1970)
Weekly earning- :
(stanJara.)
S e x . o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

$

Average
weekly

$
60

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

(standard)

65

S
70

s
75

$

$
80

85

S
90

95

*

$
100

$
1 05

$
no

t
120

*

%

130

140

s

%

150

160

t
170

$
180

S

t
190

200

and
u n d er

65

210
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19C

200

210

over

-

4
4

12
12

29
12
17
-

76
59
17
11
6

64
57
7
4
3

1 58
99
59
46
8

160
137
23
15
4

97
45
52
50

45
15
30
30

5
3
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

17

73
49
24
12
10

-

-

158
36
122
93
28

-

-

48
18
30
2
26

-

2
2

42
11
31
3

46
20
26
14

63
28
35
13

145
69
76
29

'1 3 1
92
39
10

115
98
17
4

120
97
23
2

48
31
17

41
38
3

_

_

-

-

23
1
22
3

1

-

"

7

15
9

12
7

14
10

29
20

10
8

21
10

10
9

-

-

-

15
6
9

36
18
18
10

34
27
7
3

2
1
1
1

4

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

_

WOMEN - CONTINUEO
s

s

$

s

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------------------

929
546
383
265
102

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

1 1 0 . 5C
1 1 2 . 5C
1C 7.50
112.50
93.00

110.00
9 4.5 0-12 5 .5 0
113.00 1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
1 0 0 . CO 9 2 . 0 0 - 1 2 5 . 5 0
9 3 .5 0-13 4 .0 0
112.00
8 6 . 5 0 - 9 8 . CC
91.50

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------F I N A N C E -----------------------------------------------

779
487
292
78

39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5

126.00
131.50
117.00
1 1 2 . CO

126.00
132.00
115.00
1 1 2 . CC

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

121
76

39.5
39.5

1 2 5 . CC 1 2 6 . 0 0
1 2 7 . 5C 1 2 6 . 5 0

1 08 .00 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 12 .00 -1 4 2 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S ----------------------------

179
74
105
26

39.5 103.50 105.00
3 9 . 5 1 1 2 . 5C 1 1 6 . 0 0
97.00
39.5
95.50
4 0 . C 1 15.50 114.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

71

39.5

111.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

85
70

40.0
40.0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

94
63

TY PIS TS, CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S ---------------------------TYP IS TS, CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le s ,




1 11 .50 -1 4 1 .0 0
119.00 -1 4 3 .5 0
1 0 4 . 0 0 - 1 2 6 . CO
1 05 .00 -1 1 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

9 1 .5 0-11 9 .0 0
102.50 -1 2 3 .0 0
8 0.5 0-11 2 .0 0
107.00 -1 2 8 .0 0

_
-

-

1 11 . C O

9 9 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0

-

112.50
108.00

107.50
9 9 . CC

9 4 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
9 3.0 0-11 4 .C C

39.5
39.5

112.50
112.50

112.50
112.50

1 01 .50 -1 2 0 .0 0
101.00 -1 2 2 .5 0

-

594
457
137
40

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

111.0C
112.50
1 0 6 . 0C
110.50

1 0 8 . 5C
110.00
106.00
109.00

9 6 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
9 7.5 0-12 8 .0 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

_
“

940
433
507
264

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

94.50
96.50
92.50
87.50

92.50
93.50
92.00
87.00

8 6 .0 0-10 1 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
8 5 . 5 0 - 9 8 . CC
8 2 .5 0 - 93.00

-

-

*

1
1

-

3

17
10
7

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

2
2

14

10

10
3
7

-

*

-

19
3
16
5

-

i

13
6
7
2

-

1

-

3

2

4

9

10

5

18

10

4

i

4

-

-

-

_

_

_

2
2

23
23

10
10

3
3

6
5

15
11

4
2

12
12

1

“

i
“

1

~

2
2

4

_

2
1

3
2

6
4

10
8

8
6

8
5

34
20

12
10

6
4

4
2

*

5
3
2

62
44
18
3

69
56
13
2

62
50
12
1

55
35
20
7

92
70
22
4

77
60
17
8

76
70
6

18
12
6
6

215
61
154
43

101
45
56
20

64
24
40
19

57
46

81
41
40
3

44
36
8

9
3
6

2
2

14

10
-

-

3

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

3

_
-

-

6C
42
18
9

37
9
28
23

144
67
77
72

168
93
75
70

_

-

-

7
2
5
4

13
6
7
5

3
-

ii

5

-

-

14
14

1
1
_

-

*
-

_

1

_

“

“

_

_

1
1

_
“

_

_

_

-

-

*

*

_
*

*

-

-

-

14

T a b le A - 2 .

P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a nd e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t e m b e r 197 0)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—t

Average
weekly

$

S

Middle range ^
(standard)

120

t

130

*

t

Under
S
and
100
under
110

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

260

2
2

4
4
*

30
22
8

32
17
15

33
21
12

27
8
19

21
12
9

9
8
1

4
2
2

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

16
8
8
5

48
19
29
24

54
27
27
20

52
35
17
5

26
14
12
2

32
22
10
1

25
12
13
1

22
22

15
i 5

6
6

5
5

i
i

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_

2
2

3
2

2
2

15
7
8
2

25
18
7
-

16
1C
6
1

23
16
7
-

2A
15
9
6

26
16
10
6

23
16
7
1

16
16

5
A
1
-

6

7

5
6
1

-

-

6
A

7
A

13
1
12
no

22
13
9
2

14
9
5
5

18
12
6
3

A
3
1
-

2
1
1
-

-

150

160

170

18C

190

200

210

220

230

260

250

260

270

280

290
and

250

260

27c

280

290

over

MEN
$

$

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

167
101
66

39.5
39.5
39.5

156.00
155.50
157.00

155.00
152.50
159.00

1 42 .00 1 35 .00 1 47 .00 -

1 6 9 . So
171.00
168.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------F I N A N C E --------------------------------------------

328
190
138
78

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.0

148.00
157.00
135.00
124.50

143.50
151.50
133.50
125.00

1 28 .50 1 37 .00 121.501 10 .00 -

167.50
ie i.0 0
151.00
134.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING --------------------

108
81

39.5
39.5

126.50
130.50

127.00
129.50

1 1 6 . 0 0 - 1 3 9 . CO
1 2 2 .50 -1 4 0 .0 0

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S -------------------------

225
130
95
35

3 9.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

2 2 0 .0 0

218.00
216.00
223.50
272.50

1 91.00192.00190.002 20 .00 -

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

257
151
106
34

39.5
39.5
3 9.0
39.0

182.50
180.50
186.00
2 1 2 .0 0

175.00
178.00
173.00
192.50

1 6 2 .00 -2 0 2 .0 0
1 61 .00 -2 0 1 .5 0
163.50202.50
1 73 .50 228.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

126
54
72

39.0
3 9.5
39.0

155.50
156.50
155.00

158.00
156.50
161.00

1 3 5 .50 -1 7 4 .5 0
1 42.00169.50
1 26 .00 179.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

199
134
65

39.5
39.5
4 0.0

249.00
247.00
253.00

247.00
245.50
2 49.00

2 17 .50 277.00
2 1 8 .00 -2 7 6 .0 0
2 14 .50 279.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

185
105
80

39.5
39.5
39.5

223.50
223.50
223.00

219.00
218.00
223.00

2 02 .00 203.002 01 .00 -

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C --------------

214.00
228.50
258.00

26
4
22
20
7
2

13
5

12
7

33
29

1

57

39.5

196.00

200.50

196.00
195.50

196.00
1 93.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

935
771
164
30

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

162.50
160.00
1 7 5 . 5C
187.50

161.50
158.00
1 7 5 . 5C
182.50

1 47 .50 1 45 .00 1 64 .50 167.00-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ■
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

477
387
90

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0

138.00
138.50
134.50

136.50
137.00
134.50

1 24.00149.00
1 24 .00 152.00
1 3 0 .50 -1 4 6 .5 0




19
17
2
-

16
9
7
-

51
25
26
-

39
21
18
16

21
2C
1
1

24
11
13
-

17
8
9

18
14
4

11
7
4

21
11
10

13
3
10

13
7
6

4
1
3

1
1
-

1

10
2
8

2

1

2

3
3
-

8
7
1

22
12
10

21
15
6

16
12
4

14
7
7

22
11
11

36
29
7

1 7 6 . CO 3
172.00 3
179.50 217.00 -

-

2
2

-

21
13
8

13
8
5

20
18
2

16
9
7

18
10
8

13
A
9

17
7
10

12
8
A

12
6
6

7
2
5

19
12
7

38
34

15
12

13
13

5
1
4

4
2
2

8
7
1

9
5
4
6

9

25
24

103
78

92
89

147
71

132
86

133
76

111
64

57
40

157
>51
6
3

166
129
37
4

182
97
85
5

47
33
14
3

42
38
4
1

19
8
11
11

11
11

50
47
3

15
15

31
31

9
9

-

-

13

22
19

-

2

2
2

10
10

51
51

55
55

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

158
155
3
2

22

32
30
2

103
94
9

1 01
66
35

97
65
32

18
4

-

-

4
3

4

n

-

2
2
2

1

1
-

1 7 7 .50 -2 1 2 .5 0
1 7 3 .00 -2 1 3 .5 0

See f o o tn o t e s a t e n d of t a b l e s .

-

10
2
8
-

18
8
10
-

1 8 4 .00 -2 1 5 .5 0

4 0.0
4 0.0

A
A

1
1

1
-

-

247.50
247.50
249.00

908
625

W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo ws :
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o llo ws :

15
13

241.00
237.00
275.00
291.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

*
**

20
18

4 a t $ 2 9 0 t o $ 3 0 0 ; 3 at $ 3 0 0 t o $ 3 2 0 ; 2 a t $ 3 2 0 t o $ 3 4 0 ; an d 1 a t $ 3 4 0 to $ 3 6 0 .
8 a t $ 2 9 0 to $ 3 0 0 ; 4 a t $ 3 0 0 to $ 3 2 0 ; 5 a t $ 3 2 0 to $ 3 4 0 ; and 1 a t $ 3 4 0 to $ 3 6 0 .

32
28
A
1
3
3

-

5
-

5
5

27
13
8 **18
9
5
5
3
2

1
1

1

5
5

9
9

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

-

-

15
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e ving

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
workers

t

I

Number

weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Under
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

%

100

s
110

$

%

120

130

$

i

140

150

$
160

tra ight -ti m e w e e k l y ea r nings of—
$

$
170

18C

$
19C

$
200

$
210

$
220

$

i

2 30

240

$
250

$

$
26C

270

$
280

and
under

100

290
and

110

120

130

140

150

160

17
16

24
24

8
7

14
14

11
11

_

5
5

22

22

29
29

230

240

250

260

27C

280

290

ov e r

1

3

8

2

1

2

-

1

-

i

6
5
1
“

2
1
1
1

2
2

3

2

2

7

2

1

-

~
“

3
3

2
2

2
2

7
7

2

~

1
1

-

7
7

3
3

2
2

7
6

_

220

170

180

190

200

210

36
36

19
19

23
23

27
27

13
13

1
1

M N - CONTINUED
E
DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS -------MANUFACTURING ----------

92
89

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIANS
MANUFACTURING ----------

175
175

$
AC . 0 1 2 0 . 0 0
4 0 .0 119.50

$
$
$
1 1 7 . 0 0 1 0 6 . 5 0 - 1 3 5 . CO
117.00 1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

40.0
4 0.0

161.50
161.50

159.00
159.00

146 .50 -1 79 .00
1 4 6 . 5 0 - 1 7 9 . 0C

11
11

WOMEN
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B

56

3 9 . C 127.50

129.00

112.00 -1 39 .00

1

10

14

4

16

4

2

3

1

1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------

51

38.5

196.50

179.50

176 .50 -2 22 .50

-

-

-

-

1

i

-

3

23

3

120
62
5B

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0

179.50
168.50
190.50
214.50

173.00
169.00
1 7 4 . 5C
222.50

164.00 -1 89 .00
159 .50 -1 66 .00
1 7 0 .50 -2 30 .50
1 7 4 . 5 0 - 2 5 4 . CO

_
-

1
1

_
-

8
7
1

2

5

12

2

6
6

19
18
i

30

1
1

16
14
2

164.50
166.50

168.00
168.50

146 .50 -1 86 .00
151 .00 -1 67 .50

2
2

1
1

1
1

3
2

147.00

151.00

1 3 5 . 5 0 - 1 5 7 . CC

-

-

3

3

4 0 . C 157.50
4 0 .0 158.00

157.00
157.50

1 47 .50-168.50
148 .50 -1 68 .50

_

_

3

21
17

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----

33

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C NONMANUFACTURING

63

39.5
39.5

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------

51

40.0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) —
MANUFACTURING ----------------

236
210

See fo o t n o t e s

at end o f t a b le s .




77

7
4
ii
14
13

3

9
5

5
5

5

20

2

4

i

30
28

73

47
44

23
19

17
15

66

15
15

6
24
15

11
7

ii
S

8
b

2

'

'

16
T a b le A -2 a .

P r o fe s s io n a l and technical o c c u p a t io n s —large e s t a b lis h m e n t s —men and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—

Mean2

Median2

Middle range ^

(standard)

U n d er 100
S
and
1 00
under

110 120

______ 110

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

120 130

140

150

160

-

-

130
-

140
-

150
-

160
-

170
-

170

180
-

180

190
-

19C

200
-

200

210
-

220
-

230
-

210

220

230

240
-

240

250
-

26C
-

250

260

270

270

280

280

290

-

-

and

290 o v e r

MEN
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------

no
79

$
$
$
$
39.5 160.00 157.50 146.00-173.00
39.5 159.50 155.00 143.50-174.00

2
2

4
4

8
6

22
17

25
17

13
8

18
10

9
8

4
2

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ------FINANCE --------------

241
154
87
55

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

130.50-168.00
136.00-175.50
124.00-144.50
123.00-136.50

8
4
4
4

14
6
8
5

37
15
22
19

52
27
25
20

34
22
12
5

19
12
7
1

23
20
3
1

18
12
6

9
9

15
15

6
6

5
5

1
1

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ---------

72
54

39.5 128.00 129.50 112.00-142.50
39.5 133.00 134.50 120.50-143.50

10
5

6
6

14
10

13
11

14
13

2
2

3
2

2
2

-

_

-

-

1
1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----

174
113
61
35

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

218.50
211.50
231.50
258.00

216.00
214.50
219.00
272.50

192.00-237.00
190.00-233.50
196.00-2ei.00
220.00-291.00

24
15
9
6

24
16
8
6

15
14
1
1

10
10

5
4
1
1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----

187
122
65
34

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

190.50
185.50
199.00
212.00

185.50
183.50
195.50
192.50

170.50-206.50
169.00-2C4.00
172.00-215.50
173.50-228.00

20
13
7
2

14
9
5
5

13
10
3
3

4
3
1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------MANUFACTURING ----------

100
54

39.0 162.00 164.50 143.00-179.00
39.5 156.50 156.50 142.00-169.50

5

1

2
1

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ----------

157
126

39.5 249.50 249.00 220.50-277.50
39.5 247.50 245.50 218.00-277.00

16
12

11
11

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ------

139
82
57

39.5 215.50 213.50 196.00-237.00
39.5 221.00 216.00 198.00-245.50
39.5 208.00 209.00 195.50-230.50

-

-

-

-

-

i

5

4

-

-

-

-

-

i

4

2

22
11
11

20
13
7

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------

57

39.5 196.00 200.50 184.00-215.50

-

-

2

4

-

2

1

1

13

6

2

3

_

-

_

-

3
-

12
11

26
25

50
49

40
39

38
36

28
26

80
77

59
56

61
57

26
25

19
8

10
10

-

-

_

1

11

149.00
157.00
135.00
128.50

143.00
153.00
133.50
130.00

3

37

24
11

21

16
16

40.0 204.00 203.00 181.50-224.50
40.0 205.00 204.50 182.50-224.50

-

-

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES ----

416
380

40.0 166.00 163.50 147.00-182.00
40.0 164.00 161.50 146.00-179.50

3
3

2
2

1
1

27
27

16
16

188.00 183.50 169.00-217.00

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

234
216

40.0 143.00 143.00 125.50-159.00
40.0 145.00 144.00 128.00-160.50

7
2

14
10

16
14

35
35

32
30

44
42

32
29

15
15

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS --------MANUFACTURING ----------

84
81

40.0 120.50 119.00 105.00-137.00
40.0 120.00 118.50 105.00-137.00

11
11

17
16

16
16

8
7

14
14

11
11

76
76

39.5 173.50 179.00 i58.50-184.50
39.5 173.50 179.00 158.50-184.50

_

-

_

9
9

14
14

14
7
7

38
35

7
6

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIANS --MANUFACTURING ---------

13

3

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------MANUFACTURING ---------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,




•
4
*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo llo w s
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo llo w s

o

367
344

o

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ---------

4
3

29

21
16
5

21
IE

“

: at
4 at $ 290 to $ 300;
8 at $ 290 to $ 300; 4 at $ 300 to $ 320; 5i at

-

-

”

~

2
2

$ 320 to $ 340; and 1 at $ 340 t o $ 360.
$ 320 to $ 340; and 1 at $ 340 t o $ 360.

30
25

27
27

22
22

25
23

-

1
1

2

-

-

3
3

4

5

-

-

4
4

5
4

2
1
1

_

-

~
_

-

10
-

*10
10
5

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

“

2
2

“

-

-

-

-

12
12

18
13

12
8

16
14

13
9

13
1C

10
4
6

16
7
9

10
8
2

8
6
2

3
2
1

5
5
“

3
3
~

1
1

2

-

-

2

1

-

11
10

13
13

5
5

9
9

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

13
21
8 **18

*

-

17
T a b le A - 2 a .

P ro fe s s io n a l and technical o c c u p a t io n s —large e s t a b lis h m e n t s —men and w o m e n -----C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r ia g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Numbe r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

$

S

Average
weekly

U n der
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

(standard)

$
100

100

S

%

110

120

130

120

130

160

$
s
(
*
160 150 160 170

S

S

180

190

190

200

$
t
>
$
$
s
$
$
*
*
200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290

and
u n d er

110

and

150

160

170

180

210

220

230

260

250

260

27C

7

2

280

290 o v e r

WOMEN
COMPUTER PROGRAMERS*

$

$

$
169.00-199.00

$

NONMANUFACTURING
33

39.0 214.50

— ——

69
55

39.5 166.00 170.00 167.5039.5 168.50 171.00 156.00-

187.00
189.00

NURSES* INDUSTRIAL iREGISTERED) MANUFACTURING — — — — —— — —

217
191

60.0 159.00 158.00 150.5060.0 160.00 158.50 151.00-

169.00 169.00

COMPUTER PROGKa HERS,
BUSINESS* CLASS C —— — — — —

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




15

176.50-256.00
1
1

1
3

2

ii

5
2

7

5

11

16
13

26
22

71

67

11
22

7

17
15

8
8

3

1

18
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s io n a l, a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n an a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

68

78

Weekly

Weekly

hus1 erig 1
or
anns
( t n a d (tnad
s a d r ’ sadr)

Occupation and industry division

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

$
103.50
102.00
104.00
125.00
93.50

o
f

Weekly
hours 1
(standard]

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

$
114.00
118.50
109.50
114.50
84.50

75
80

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

120.00
123.00
113.50
126.00
109.00
103.50

456
213
243
55
152

39.0
39.5
38.5
40.0
38.0

106.00
111.00
101.50
104.50
96.00

1,034
645
389
57
130
159

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0

113.50
113.50
114.00
124.50
112.00
111.50

1,114
556
558
447

CL ERK S, PAYROLL ----------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
WHOLESALE TRADE •
RETAIL TRADE ------

877
578
299

113
62
51

39.0 110.00
39.0 118.50
39.0 100.00

239
103
136
89

38.5
40.0
37.5
37.5

117.50
122.50
114.00
112.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING WHOLESALE TRADE ■
RETAIL TRADE -------

324
161
163

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
38.0

103.00
102.50
103.50
101.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
38.0

135.00
140.50
127.00
127.50
129.50
119.50
129.00

68

86

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING----- --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

86

53

1 1 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------

1,424
837
587
214

CL ERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

2 ,1 4 4
1 ,0 6 4
1 ,0 8 0
130
302
290
230

39.5 102.50
39.5 107.00
39.0 98.00
39.0 107.00
39.5 99.00
40.0 95.50
37.5 97.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

151
117
84

39.5 1 1 1 . 0 0
39.5 111.50
39.5 111.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

629
184
445
80
83
213

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
39.5
38.0

CL ERKS, F I L E , CLASS C
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
WHOLESALE TRADE
FINANCE -----------------

S e e f o o t n o t e at e n d o f t a b l e s




112

64
125

557
101

456
47
54

1970)

Average

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0
40.0
38.5

89.50
93.00
88.00
97.50
84.50
88.00
81.50
85.50
80.50
92.00
76.50
80.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

1,308
485
823
251
74
233

39.5 102.00
39.5 108.50
39.5 98.00
40.0 109.5C
40.0 94.50
39.5 93.50
38.5 93.50

MESSENGERS ( O F F I C E BOYS AND G I R L S ) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

637
224
413
76
165

39.0 90.50
39.5 93.00
39.0
89.00
40.0 106.00
38.0 93.50

SECRETARIES ------------------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
WHOLESALE TRADE ■
RETAIL TRADE -----FINANCE ----------------SE C RE TA RI ES , CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---SEC RE TA RI ES , CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------------------

Occupation and industry division

OF FI C E OCCUPATIONS

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.0

CLERKS, O R D E R ------------ —
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
WHOLESALE TRADE ■
RETAIL TRADE -------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------- -------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

S e p te m b e r

Average

OF FI C E OCCUPATIONS -

247
52
195

O h io ,

Number

OF FI C E OCCUPATIONS
B I L L E R S , MACHINE (B I L L I N G
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

C le v e la n d ,

212

4,564
2,672
1,892
312
298
198
806
424
300
124
1,124
576
548
89
89
54
243

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
38. C

134.00
137.50
129.00
141.00
134.50
124.00
123.50

39.0 159.50
39.0 159.00
39.5 160.50
39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
38.5
40.0
37.5

143.50
149.00
138.00
146.50
138.00
135.00
133.50

-

Number
of
worker,

Weekly
hours 1
(standard!

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
SEC RE TA IR ES , CLASS C ---------- -------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------—
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------- -------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

$

1 ,8 9 9
1 ,1 1 8
781
141
123
89
374

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

13l>00
134 .00
1 2 6 .50
1 4 1 .00
1 3 3 .50

1 ,1 1 3
676
437
157

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

1 2 0 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------- -------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

1,653
845
808
307
78
306

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
38.0

1 08 .00
109 .00
107 .00
1 1 2 .50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING ----- —
NONMANUFACTURING —
WHOLESALE TRAOE ■
FINANCE -----------------

1,299
719
580
92

125.00
127.50

221

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
37.5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

172
91
81
33

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

122.50
125.00
119.50
127.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

307
80
227
38
63
65

39.5 99.00
39.5 110.50
39.5 95.00
40.0 116.50
39.5 83.00
38.0 1 0 0 . 0 0

SWITCHBOARD O P E RA TO R -R EC EP T IO NI ST SMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

703
347
356
31
175
67

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
37.0

SE CR ETA RIE S, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---FINANCE -------------------

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------

92
209

1 2 0 .0 0

119 .00
1 2 4 .50
113 .00
1 09.50

110.00
100.00

1 2 2 .0 0

128.00
118.50

1 0 0 .0 0

101.50
99.00
1 0 0 .0 0

102.50
91.00

39.0 152.00

143
53

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

322
137
185
92

38.5 1 0 2 . OC
39.5 104.50
38.0 1 0 0 . 0 0
37.0 94.50

66

118.50
128.00
114.00
1 1 1 .0 0

19
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s io n a l, a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ----- C o n t in u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 )

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------FINANCE -----------------------

1,016
557
459
45
117
195

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
38.5

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
$
109.50
112.00 COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
107.00
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------112.50
MANUFACTURING ---------------96.50
NONMANUFACTURING -----------113.00
PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------

276
139
137
63

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

$
216.00
214.00
217.50
230.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------FINANCE -----------------------

2,033
741
1,292
197
724

39.0
40.0
38.5
40.0
37.5

91.50 COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
95.00
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------89.50
MANUFACTURING ---------------87.00
NONMANUFACTURING ------------87.50
PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------

377
213
164
67

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

181.50
177.00
187.50
213.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

203
68
135

39.0 159.00
39.5 156.50
39.0 160.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------ MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

205
138
67

39.5 248.50
39.5 246.50
40.0 252.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

192
107
85

39.5 222.00
39.5 223.00
39.5 220.50

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

208
113
95

39.5 154.00
39.5 155.00
39.5 152.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS 8 ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------FINANCE -----------------------

384
210
174
84

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------




217
100
117

145.00
154.50
133.00
124.50

39.5 119.00
39.5 127.00
39.5 111.50

Average
O c c u p a tio n a n d

in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AN0 TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
8USINESS, CLASS C ----------------

64

$
39.5 195.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

911
628

40.0 196.00
40.0 195.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------------------

986
820
166
30

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

522
429
93

40.0 136.50
40.0 137.00
40.0 134.00

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------

203
126

40.0 108.50
40.0 115.50

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIANS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

175
175

40.0 161.50
40.0 161.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) MANUFACTURING -------------------

237
211

40.0 157.00
40.0 158.00

162.00
159.00
175.50
187.50

20

T a b l e A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s io n a l, a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — la rg e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —
m en and w o m e n c o m b in e d
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
Average

O c c u p a t i o n an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard'

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average

OFFICE

OFF ICE OCCUPATIONS

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OCCUPATIONS

-

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

Average

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

$

52

4 0 .0

109
63

39.0
38.5

L

b . oo

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

. oc
9 9.0 0

1 0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------------ ---------

779
506
273
17 3
54

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

1 40 .00
1 46 .00
1 29 .00
1 25 .50
119.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------------

774
442
332
74
212

39.5
39.5
3 9.5
3 9.0
39.5

301
1 06
1 95
78
71

3 9.0
3 9.5
38.5
3 9.0
38.5

9 4 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
91.0 0
97.5 0
92.5 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------------------

213
67
146
90

39.0
39.5
3 8 .5
38.0

85.5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
80.0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ----------------- ---------------------

294
191
10 3
68

3 9 .5 1 28 .00
4 0 .0 137 .00
3 9 .5 1 12 .00
39. C
84.5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

369
253
11 6
59

3 9.5
39.5
39.5
4 C .0

1 3 0 .50
134 .50
121 .50
132 .00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------------

300
10 5
1 95
1 52

3 9 .0
40.0
3 8 .5
3 8.0

l i e . 00
1 2 5 .50
101 .50
9 6 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------------------

589
409
1 80
56
75

3 9 .5
39.5
39.5
40.0
3 9 .5

117 .50
1 17 .00
119 .00
124 .00
1 12 .00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------------------

752
350
402
168
70
121

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
3 9.5
39.5

108 .50
113 .00
104 .50
114 .00
9 3 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

71

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------- -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

15 4
55
99

40.0
39.5
40.0

115.50
130.00
107.50

TRANSCRI BI NG- MACHI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------

94
63

39.5
3 9.5

1 12 .50
1 12 .50

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------MA NUFA CTUR ING ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------------

594
457
137
40

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 1 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------------------

940
433
507
264

39.5
39.5
39.5
3 9 .C

9 4 .5 0
96.5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 7.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

130
83

3 9 .5
39.5

159 .00
159 .50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------------------

269
16 8
101
59

39.5
3 9 .5
39.0
3 9 .0

1 48.00
155 .50
1 35.50
1 29.00

1 0 3 .50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------- ---------

151
56

3 9.5
39.5

1 19 .00
1 33.00

39.5
3 9 .5
39.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 0 .50
1 1 2 .50
107 .50
112 .50
9 3 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BU SI N ES S, CLASS A ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

218
12 0
98
63

39.5
3 9 .5
3 9.0
3 9 .0

213 .50
2 11 .50
216 .50
230 .00

783
487
296
78

3 9.5
39.5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 6 .50
1 3 1 .50
118 .00
112 .00

275
1 65
11 0
67

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .C
3 9 .0

190 .00
183 .50
199 .50
2 13 .00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

121

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BU SI N ES S, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------- -----------

76

3 9.5
3 9 .5

125 .00
127.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

17 9
74
10 5
26

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9.5
40.0

103.50
1 12.50
97.0 0
1 15 .50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BU SIN ESS , CLASS C -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

1 69
68
101

39.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 63.50
1 56.50
1 68.50

n

3 9 .5

111 .50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BU SIN ESS , CLASS A ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------

16 3
130

3 9 .5
39.5

2 48 .50
247 .00

3 9 .5
39.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 5 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
105.00
88.0 0

2 ,7 0 2
1 ,8 7 6
826
1 78
77
169
396

39.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
39.0

138.50
1 40 .50
134.50
1 57 .00
1 53 .00
122.00
1 26 .00

SECRE TA RIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------------

208
1 69

39.0
39.0

169.50
1 68 .00

SECRE TA RIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ■
RETAIL TRADE --------FINANCE ---------------------

5 81
384
197
45
52
79

39.5
39.0
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0.0
39.0

1 52 .00
153.00
150.50
1 6 8 .00
1 35 .50
1 47 .50

S ECR ET ARI ES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
WHOLESALE TRADE RETAIL TRADE --------FINANCE ---------------------

1 ,2 9 5
849
446
101
51
66
228

39.0
3 9 .0
39.5
4 0.0
40.0
39.5
39.5

1 3 4 .50
136.50
1 31 .00
1 5 0 .50
147 .00
114 .50
123 .50

SECRE TA RIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING —
FINANCE ---------------------

614
472
14 2
75

3 9 .0
39.0
39.0
38.0

123 .50
1 2 7 .50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
FINANCE ---------------------

933
548
38 5
265
102

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
FINANCE -------------------

SECRETARIES --------------------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
WHOLESALE TRADE •
RETAIL TRADE ------FINANCE -------------------

107.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------- --------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------- --------FINANCE ---------------------------------------------------

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

312
1 65
147
70
56

S e e footnote at e n d of tables.




111.00
1 01 .50
1 08 .50
9 7 .5 0

switchboard

operator

-

reception ists

-

1 1 1 .0 0

*

A -------------------------------------------------

o

CLASS

MESSENGERS (O F F I C E BOYS AND G I R L S I MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------F I N A N C E ------- *--------------------------------------

O

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

$
145 .50

1 12 .50
1 06 .00
110 .50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

T a b l e A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s io n a l, a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — la rg e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b i n e d ----- C o n t in u e d
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y in g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1970
Average

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

146
84
62

3 9.5
3 9.5

$
214.00
2 2 0 . 0C
2 06 .00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BU SI N E S S, CLASS C ----------------------------------------------

64

3 9 .5

1 95 .50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------

370
347

40.0
4 C .0

2 04 .00
2 05 .00

S e e f o o t n o t e at e n d o f t a b l e s .




Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS B ------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLI C U T I L I T I E S

Average

O c c u p a t i o n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
b U b l N t b b * LL A 5 5 b
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

Average

O c c u p a t i o n an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

439
403

40.0
4C.0

165 .50
163.50

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ---------------------------------------

184
107

40.0
4 0 .0

108.00
1 15 .50

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIANS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------

76
76

3 9 .5
39.5

1 73 .50
1 73.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (R EGISTERED) -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------

218
192

-----------------------------

29

4C .0

188 .00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------

253
234

4 0 .0
40.0

141 .00
1 43 .00

4 0 . C 159 .00
4 0 .0 160 .00

22

T a b le A - 4 .

M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p atio n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s st ud ied on an a r e a b a s i s b y in d u st r y d i v i s i o n , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a rn in gs o f —

Hourly earnings3

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
woricers

3.0 0
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

3 .1 0

--------- 1
--------- $-------1
--------- i --------- 1
--------- *--------- i --------- i--------- $--------- j
T -------- 1
3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3.5 0 3 .5 0 3.7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4 .1 0 4 .2 0 4 .3 0 4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

I --------- $--------- V ------ i
4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5.4 0
-

-

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4.8 0

5 .0 0

5.2 0

*
and
3 . 0 0 un de r
3 .1 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

-

-

3.6 0

3.7 0

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

341
257
84

$
4.5 6
4 .2 8
5.3 9

$
4.3 3
4.2 8
5.0 8

$
3 .9 3 4 .0 0 3 .6 7 -

$
4.8 6
4 .5 4
7.0 6

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1 ,753
1 ,5 8 1
172

4 .5 8
4.5 9
4.4 6

4.5 6
4.5 5
4 .6 7

4 .2 3 4 .2 3 4 .1 8 -

5 .0 4
5.1 1
4.7 6

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

301
252

4 .3 9
4.4 4

4.4 5
4.4 3

4 .0 2 4 .0 3 -

4.7 1
4.7 4

_

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

2 45
234

4 .0 6
4 .0 9

4 .0 1
4 .0 6

3 .4 7 3 .5 2 -

4 .5 7
4.7 1

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

888
834
54

3 .4 4
3 .4 5
3 .2 6

3.4 5
3.4 7
3.1 0

3 .2 6 3 .2 9 3 .0 2 -

3.6 9
3.6 9
3.6 2

82
72
1C

30

62

12
18

60
2

6

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1 ,0 8 4
1 ,084

4 .6 2
4.6 2

4 .5 7
4 .5 7

4 .1 8 4 .1 8 -

5 .2 2
5 .2 2

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

93 5
932

4 .5 0
4 .5 0

4 .4 4
4 .4 4

4 .1 4 4 .1 3 -

4.8 6
4.6 7

-

-

~

7
7

“

2
2

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ----------------------

7 94
391
403
301

4 .3 7
4 .4 2
4.3 1
4 .4 3

4 .3 4
4 .2 9
4 .3 4
4 .3 7

4 .1 2 4 .1 1 4 .1 8 4 .2 5 -

4.6 5
5 .0 4
4 .5 9
4 .6 2

7
7

3
3

2

33

A

-

-

A

-

-

-

-

33
-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

2 ,2 2 2
2,0 2 3
199

4 .4 2
4 .4 3
4.3 2

4 .4 4
4 .4 3
A. A9

3 .8 6 3 .8 7 3 .8 0 -

4.9 2
4 .9 9
4 .6 5

_

28
28
-

22
22

-

38
3e

49
49

56
9

99
99
*

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1 , 102
1 ,1 0 2

4.6 8
4 .6 8

4 .7 3
4 .7 3

4 .3 0 4 .3 0 -

5 .1 4
5.1 4

_

_

-

-

-

14
14

1
1

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

260
182
78

4 .4 8
4 .4 5
4 .5 6

4 .4 8
4 .4 4
4 .6 3

3 .9 8 3 .9 6 4 .3 6 -

5.0 4
5.0 5
4 .6 9

8

2

1

-

-

8

2

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

74 9
74 7

4 .5 8
4 .5 8

4 .4 8
4.4 8

4 .2 3 4 .2 3 -

5.1 3
5.1 3

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

185
131

4 .5 4
4 .8 9

5.1 0
5.1 3

3 .6 8 4 .6 3 -

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 ,8 3 8
1,8 3 8

4 .9 1
4 .9 1

4 .9 9
4 .9 9

4 .4 6 4 .4 6 -

3 .8 0

W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d as f o l lo w s :
S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b l e s.




2

7
7

2
7

_

2
2
*

2
2

-

-

11
11

2

20
20

17
16
1

4

-

7

-

_
-

-

2
1
28
28

-

35
10
25

2
2

4

20
19
1

37
36
1

4
A

1
-

43
43
24

2
2

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

30
30
*

12
11
1

29
29
-

14
14
*

28
28
-

24
24
-

25
25
-

23
23
-

11
11
~

1
1
-

14
12
2

37
23
14

106
104
2

50
43
7

51
46
5

79
63
16

124
121
3

108
92
16

138
132
6

177
168
9

101
92
9

152
79
73

100
98
2

5

9

13
13

15
14

21
20

39
34

41
16

11
10

12

9

10
1C

30

3

29

11

7

21
21

A
A

11
10

19
19

8
8

15
15

6
6

5
5

13
13

-

-

1
1

1
1

i
i

1
1

2
2

_

2

3

-

-

1

10

10

6
-

8
8

12
12

5
5

3
3

21

79
73

1 60
160

62
62

1A6
144
2

A9
A8

6A
6A

72
57
15

30
30

42
42

3
3

-

28
28

11
11

7
7

31
31

19
19

76
76

48
A fc

65
63

34
34

89
89

57
57

113
113

34
3A

-

7

7

2
2

12
12

62

~

62

45
45

65
65

91
9i

92
92

53
53

77
77

130
127

31
31

1
1

A
A

_

34

103
86

2

37
1
36
33

16

72
20
52
43

114
5
109
79

31
29
2
-

58
19
39
39

78
20
58
54

227
227
-

35
35
"

64
55
9

79
67
12

157
146
11

71
71

193
177
16

184
174
10

35
35

38
38

125
125

32
32

24
24

82
82

42
42

16
16
-

16
15
1

14
14

1
1
"

14
14
-

6
1
5

36
36

61
61

3C
30

3
3

50
50

3
3

A
A

33
33

67
67

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
-

47

-

2
2

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

1

A
-

-

1

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

-

118
75
43
4

A

17
13
A

4
4

16
16

22
22
-

-

-

4

-

-

4

5.1 5
5.1 7

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

~

58
8

5.3 6
5 .3 6

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

1
1

5 at $ 6 . 20 to $6 40;

-

_

—

56
54
2

3
3

_

5

70
70

5

2C
14
2

17

-

and

5 .4 0

over

1

40
3
*37

192
187
5

252
252
-

5
2
3

6
6

17
17

12
12

28
28

18

-

18

1
-

-

-

1

_

-

-

l

-

33
38

18
18

98
98

300
300

18
18

42
42

18
18

185
185

13

18
10
8
i

18
8
1C

93
86

9

7
7

21
15
6
6

146
73
73

69
53
16

89
89
-

33
33
*

465
46 5
*

42
42

99
99

41
41

68
68

450
450

3
3

-

32
23
9

3
2
1

30

3

A

ii

2

68
68

30

5
5
~

59
59

113
111

38
38

15
15

9
9

33
33

3
-

2
1

9
9

A
A

3
3

1
1

-

9A
9A

“

i
i

24
24

197
197

97
97

44
44

79
79

48
A8

270
270

114
114

505
505

283
283

at $6 60 to $6. 80; 6 at $7 to $7. 20; 9 at $7 . 20 to $7. 40; 1

-

-

-

Et $7. 80 to $8; and 8 at $8 to $8. 20.
l

-

4

1
260
260

-

-

13

8
-

8
8
_
-

*
-

u
-

-

23
T a b le A - 4 a .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s —large e s tab lish m e n ts

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io,

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f----

Hourly earnings^

t
3.1 0

Mean 2

Median^

Middle range 2

$
3 .2 0

$
3.3 0

3 .2 0

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

S e p te m b e r 1970)

3 .3 0

3.4 0

U n der
$
3 . 1 0 u n d er

3.4 0

S
3.5 0

$
3 60

3.70

s
i
3 80 3 . 9 0

$
4 .00

*
4 .10

$
4 .20

$
4.3 0

s
4 .40

s
4.5 0

$
4 .6 0

s
4 .70

$
4 .80

4 .9 0

.00

5. 1 0 5 . 2 0

3.5 0

3.6 0

3 .70

3 • 8C 3 90 4 . 0 0

4 .10

4 .20

4 .30

4.4 0

4 .50

4 .6 0

4.7 0

4 .80

4 .90

5 .0 0

5 .1 0

5. 2 0 o v e r

12
11
1

21
21
-

14
14
*

25
-

24
24
-

23
23
-

22
22
-

7
7
-

1
1
-

13
12
1

1
1

A
A

23
23
*

31
3
*28

63
63
-

24
24
-

163
163
-

256
253
3

A
A

2
2

29
29

11

18

11

18

i

i

$

%

$

and

MEN
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------- -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

264
205
59

$
4 .6 4
4 .3 9
5 .4 8

$
4.3 7
4.3 5
5.0 8

$
4 .0 5 4 .1 0 3 .6 6 -

$
4.8 5
4.5 8
7.2 4

2
2

"

1
1

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1,477
1 ,3 3 6
141

4.6 9
4.7 1
4 .4 9

4.6 5
4.6 3
4 .7 1

4 .3 5 4 .3 6 4 .2 0 -

5.1 3
5.1 5
4.7 6

7
7

-

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

234
196

4 .4 3
4 .4 9

4.4 5
4.4 4

4 .0 7 4 .0 9 -

4.7 2
4.7 8

1
-

6
“

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

199
194

4 .2 4
4.2 5

4.1 4
4 .1 5

3 .7 7 3 .7 8 -

4 .7 8
4.7 9

-

i
-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

7 50
732

3 .4 8
3.4 9

3 .4 7
3 .4 9

3 .3 0 3 .3 1 -

3 .7 3
3 .7 3

60
46

62
60

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

868

4 .7 9
4 .7 9

4.8 1
4.8 1

4 .4 4 4 .4 4 -

5 .2 4
5.2 4

_

868

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

729
72 6

4.6 1
4.6 1

4 .5 2
4.5 2

4 .2 6 4 .2 6 -

5.2 1
5.2 1

_

_

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( MAINTENANCE) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S -------------------------

471
222
249
200

4.5 1
4.5 8
4.4 4
4 .4 7

4.3 8
4.4 9
4.3 6
4.3 6

4 .2 4 4 .1 5 4 .2 9 4 .2 8 -

4.8 9
5 .1 3
4.5 5
4.5 6

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1,639
1 ,519

4.6 3
4 .6 3

4 .5 8
4.5 6

4 .2 7 4 .2 6 -

5 .2 4
5.2 6

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1,064
1 ,064

4.7 1
4.7 1

4.7 7
4 .7 7

4 .3 3 4 .3 3 -

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

193
162

4.5 8
4.5 3

4 .4 9
4.4 8

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

726
7 24

4 .6 C
4 .6 0

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

181
131

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1,559
1 ,5 5 9

$ W o rk e r s w e r e d i s tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s :
See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




~
-

-

2
2
“

31
10
21

2
2
-

5
5

25

6
6
“

1
1

4
~
4

12
11
1

21
21
*

47
45
2

45
38
7

23
20
3

59
48
11

91
91
-

104
89
15

113
112
1

160
158
2

100
91
9

141
68
73

37
35
2

2
*

1
1

4
4

1
*

23
23

5
3

9
9

10
10

5
5

15
14

21
20

31
26

32
16

7
6

14
13

7
6

5
5

8
8

8

12
12

i
i

3
3

24
21

21
21

4
4

11
1C

19
19

7
7

15
15

1
1

5

_

_

-

13
13

_

5

-

-

17
17

63
62

153
153

52
52

112
112

45
44

64
64

57
57

30
30

42
42

3

1
1

1
1

1
1

2
2

_

_

-

-

3

1
1

_

-

_

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

21
21

2
2

56
56

19
19

1C
1C

28

-

28

54
54

57
57

111
111

34
34

38
38

-

2
2

-

_

2
2

8
8

46
46

45
45

10
10

24
24

76
76

53
53

77
77

120
117

31
31

1

3
3

4
4

_

6

2

27
20

60
45

45
2

106

43
A3

101
71

48
9
39
39

4
4
2

6
6
1

9

15

31
29
2
“

8

7

-

~

8

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~
_
-

6

1

1
14
_

-

_

-

-

-

14
14

9
9

5 .1 4
5.1 4

_

_

_

_

_

*

-

-

-

4 .0 1 4 .0 4 -

5 .0 8
5 .0 6

5
~

1

_

_

-

-

-

4.4 9
4 .4 9

4 .2 6 4 .2 6 -

5.1 3
5 .1 3

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

4 .5 4
4.8 9

5.1 0
5 .1 3

3 .6 8 4 .6 3 -

5.1 5
5 .1 7

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

5 .0 0
5 .0 0

5 .2 8
5.2 8

4 .7 5 4 .7 5 -

5.3 8
5 .3 8

_

_

_

_

15
15

l

1C
1C

3
3

13
13

85
85

318
318

1C
10

8
8

198
198

15

78
75
3
3

14
1A

14

8
1

9
9

1

8

4
A
15

18
18

A65
465

11

78
78

15
15

13
13

53
5C

126

126

67
67

171
162

162
152

140
67

67
51

16
16

73
73

_

1

1

4
4

23
23

34
34

125
125

32
32

24
24

78
78

42
42

40
40

99
99

41
41

51
51

17

-

17

5
5

AA5
AA 5

3
3

14
10

4
A

8
8

16

10
1C

1
1

13

24
23

3
2

3
2

45
45

23
23

15

-

5
5

-

13

1
1

2

15

22

27
27

61
61

30
30

3
3

59
59

113
111

38
38

9
9

16

17
17

3
3

257

-

14
14

-

58

-

3
3

-

3
3

A
A

4
A

3

i
i

-

-

9
9

_

“

“

1
1

93
93

1
1

58
58

33
33

4C
4C

18
18

77
77

37
37

65
65

46
46

129
129

141
141

69

21
21

788
788

22

8
1

1

1

1

-

5
5

43
43
-

1
1
30
30

14

14
3

16

1 at $ 5 , 2 0 to $ 5 , 4 0 ; 2 at $ 5 . 8 0 to $ 6 ; 1 at $ 6 , 6 0 to $ 6 . 8 0 ; 6 at $ 7 to $ 7 . 2 0 ; 9 at $ 7 , 2 0 to $ 7 . 4 0 ; 1 at $ 7 .8 0 to $ 8 ; and 8 a t $ 8 .2 0 to $ 8 . 4 0 .

15

-

18
18

-

8
8

87
87

32
23

-

_

5

-

-

-

1
1

69

"
-

257

24
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
Hourly earnings3

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e hou r l y ea rni ngs o f —
s
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

i
1.9 0

i
2.0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

%
2 .4 0

$
2.6 0

$
2.8 0

*
3.CC

i
3.2 0

s
3.4 0

*
3 .6 0

$
3.8 0

t
4.0 0

i
4.2 0

$
4 .4 0

t
4 .6 0

*
4.8 0

s
5.0 0

f
5.2 0

1 .7 0

1.8 0

1.9 0

2.0 0

2 .1 0

2.2 0

2 .4 0

2.6 0

2.8 0

3.0 0

3.2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3.8 0

4.0 0

4.2 0

4.4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5.0 0

5.2 0

over

-

51

268
268

44
44

168
39
129

6
2
4

64
42
22

57
25
32

34
24
10

26
16
10

195
155
4C

149
131
18

126
86
40

240
220
20

268
25 6
12

1C3
97
6

23
23
*

-

”

942
942

2
2

51

“

“

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

8

17

7

128

78

59

220

256

97

23

2

-

-

-

-

-

1
~
1

-

-

-

1

-

854
5
849

3C
30

127
127
-

-

3
1
2
2

8
8
-

-

-

*

-

52
52

-

_
-

-

-

1

-

-

t
1.6 0

Number
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n
workers

Mean2 Median^

Middle range c

*
and
1 . 6 0 under

and

MEN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

2 ,7 6 6
1,118
1 ,6 4 8

$
2.5 6
3 .4 7
1.9 4

$
2.0 5
3.6 3
1 .7 8

$
1 .7 7 3 .1 8 1 .7 4 -

$
3 .5 2
3 .9 3
1 .8 9

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING -------------------

901

3.6 4

3 .7 1

3 .3 7 -

3.9 5

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING -------------------

217

2 .7 9

2 .9 9

2 .3 3 -

3.2 6

-

-

-

-

-

39

-

38

17

7

9

27

53

27

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

3 ,6 6 8
2,203
1,465
130
107
371

2.8 9
3 .2 1
2.4 3
3 .2 5
2.7 3
2.1 7

2 .8 9
3.2 0
2.4 3
3.0 9
2.8 4
2.0 7

2 .4 6 2 .8 9 2 .2 0 2 .8 5 2 .7 2 1 .8 7 -

3 .3 0
3 .6 2
2 .5 0
3 .3 9
2 .9 7
2 .3 3

20
20

40

80
3
77

57

40

41
41

57

82
25
57

93
19
74

187
8
1 79

777
185
592

41

7
54

6
38

53

41

9
54

lb

406
347
59
14
15
12

375
345
30
27
1
1

205
196
9
4
4
i

88
75
13
4
i
8

62
39
23
21

16

45 3
333
12C
57
42
9

448
441
7
1

-

253
187
66
2
22
18

6

2

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANOLING ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

5,7 4 9
3 ,3 4 6
2 ,4 0 3
76 4
579

3.4 4
3.3 6
3.5 6
2.8 8
3.3 2

3.3 0
3 .2 5
3.7 3
2.8 5
3.8 0

2 .8 7 2 .9 0 2 .8 4 2 .7 3 2 .4 9 -

4.0 4
3 .7 8
4.4 3
2 .6 9
3 .9 3

_

4
4
4

27
27
~
27

32
17
15
13

11
11
11

38
17
21
19

25
17
8
8

1 50
74
76
20
42

263
79
184
118
37

281
176
105
69
22

1171
659
472
426
16

624
477
147
56
18

48 9
460
29
3
4

406
354
52
44
6

241
159
82
18
62

386
185
201

31

174

555
466
89
89

ORDER
FILLERS --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

2 ,1 7 7
1,052
1, 125
774
318

3.3 0
3.5 0
3 .1 2
3 .0 4
3.2 6

3.3 6
3.4 5
3.1 7
2.9 7
3.6 5

2 .8 9 3 .2 5 2 .7 8 2 .8 1 2 .4 1 -

3.7 2
3.8 1
3 .5 9
3 .5 1
3 .9 5

-

10
10
6
4

_
-

4
4
4

£t
26
cZ
4

44
44
40
4

143
43
ICO
40
6C

56
3
53
15
39

49
i
48
46
2

263
37
226
218
-

154
ICC
54
52
-

44 C
312
128
121
6

247
83
164
135
26

308
201
107
48
40

271
155
116
19
97

70
33
37
4
33

70
70
-

-

6
6
6
-

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------

1,386
1 ,208
178
161

3 .2 8
3 .3 5
2.7 8
2.8 6

3.2 6
3.3 4
2.8 0
2.8 4

2 .9 1 2 .9 7 2 .6 2 2 .6 8 -

3 .8 0
3 .9 0
3.1 3
3.1 5

_
-

3
3

5
5
-

26
17
9
9

24
17
7
7

i
i
-

_

“

26
28
-

79
63
16
9

128
79
49
47

177
138
39
39

161
142
19
19

150
144
6
6

133
109
24
24

124
123
1
1

199
199

89
89

7
7

“

“

~

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

54 3
335
208
107
81

3 .3 1
3.4 0
3.1 7
3 .0 1
3.4 7

3.2 6
3 .3 3
3 .0 9
2 .9 9
3 .8 6

2 .8 6 3 .0 3 2 .7 3 2 .7 4 2 .8 6 -

3.8 5
3 .8 9
3 .7 7
3 .2 1
4.0 3

_

_

_

-

-

-

6
5
1
1

59
23
36
16
3

32
10
22
20
2

63
36
27
18
9

85
55
3C
26
4

78
66
12
9
-

32
20
12
5
4

39
23
16
10
6

48
25
23
3
19

22

14
13
1
~
1

-

-

i
i
i

82
59
23

-

i
i
i

_

-

2
2
2

“

1

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------

40 4
251
153
100

3.4 0
3.4 7
3.2 9
3.1 6

3 .3 6
3 .3 9
3 .2 4
3 .1 9

2 .9 9 3 .0 9 2 .7 7 2 .7 4 -

3.8 0
3 .8 8
3 .7 4
3 .6 3

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39
32
7
5

47
30
17
16

72
51
21
19

33
26
7
2

51
23
28
24

32
16
16
3

35
29
6
-

21
17
4
“

2
1
1

-

41
7
34
22

8
8
~

“

22
11
11
9

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------

378
162
216
59
85

3 .5 1
3.6 2
3.4 3
4.1 8
3.3 2

3 .5 7
3.5 6
3 .5 8
4.3 2
3 .5 2

3 .2 9 3 .3 9 3 .0 1 3 .7 8 3 .0 2 -

3 .9 4
3 .9 5
3.8 8
4.4 0
3 .6 0

_

_

4

_

2

17

2

-

9

-

-

4

-

2

17

2

-

21
3
18

52
39
13

84
52
32

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

44
30
14
2
10

31
22
9
3
5

28
4
24
22
1

8
~
8
6
2

5
5
5
”

2
2
“

TRUCKORIVERS
---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

3 ,5 7 0
1 ,0 2 9
2 ,5 4 1
1 ,4 8 8
498
375

4 .0 5
3.8 8
4 .1 2
4 .2 9
3.9 7
4 .1 7

4.2 8
3.7 4
4.3 9
4.5 4
3.9 5
4.2 5

3 .5 5 3 .3 6 3 .8 0 4 .5 1 3 .7 7 4 .1 9 -

4 .5 5
4.4 1
4 .5 5
4 .5 7
4 .3 4
4.3 0

280
128
152

146
60
86
65

452
38
414
179
235

1263
106
1157
1112
~
45

84
i
83
59
24

7
~
7
7
~

footnotes at en d of tables.




-

-

6

14
14

6
_

8
3
8

-

6

16

2

30

46
9
37
19
1

50
8
42
2

55
10
45
31
6
6

293
14C
153
72
24
1C

246
122
124
114
9

214
149
65
1
4
4

261
94
167
25
96
46

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

61
21
40

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

6

-

144
8

21

31
10
21

6

“
4
4

“

-

5
5
-

“
-

1
“
-

"
2

1
“
1
“

-

1
~
1

-

-

138
138

14
14
-

25
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings3

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Under
Mean2

Median^

Middle range ^

$
$
$
$
1.60 1.70 1.80

TRUCKDRIVERS

-

-

$
2.00

$

$

$

$

s

$

2.10

2.20

2.40

$
2.60

$
2.80

$
3.0C

$

3.20

$

3.40

$

3.60

3.80

4.00

$

4.20

$

4.40

s

4.60

4.80

5.00

$
5.20

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.40

2.60

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

over

-

_

46
4
42

31
4
27

119
17
102

99
15
84

32
32
~

22
22
“

4
3
1

2
2
“

44
44

37
37

-

-

-

37
7
30

_

-

“

~

-

“

“

2
2

2
2
-

85
36
49

79
79

-

66
2
64
4
4

167
68
99
60
37

56
24
32
27
5

98
24
74
9

257
7
250
1 50
100

240
17
223
22

82
82

13
4
9

105
88
17

28
16
12

147
30
117

592
50
542

59

*
a nd
1 . 6 0 under
1.70

MEN

$
1.90

1.80

1.90

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT IUNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

473
143
330

$
3.32
3.64
3.18

$
3.21
3.57
3.09

$
3.013.312.84-

$
3.56
4.41
3.31

T R U C K D R I V E R S , M E D I U M (1-1 / 2 TO
A N D I N C L U D I N G A T O N S ) ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

1,088
263
825
265
183

4.00
3.64
4.12
4.18
4.14

4.09
3.63
4.31
4.33
4.25

3.673.333.783.813.80-

4.40
3.88
4.52
4.37
4.33

T R U C K D R I V E R S ( H E A V Y (OVER A TCNS,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

1,110
347
763

4.29
3.87
4.47

4.52
3.92
4.54

4.133.444.51-

424

4.12

3.94

3.71-

5.02

T R U C K E R S , P O W E R ( F O R K L I F T ) ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G — --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

2,730
2,337
393
254

3.67
3.66
3.76
3.88

3.79
3.76
3.90
4.01

3.34. 3.343.523.90-

4.04
4.04
4.05
4.10

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4.57
4.31
4.58

A TONS,
---------

_
-

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY
OTH E R THAN T R A ILER

(OVER
TYPE)

TRUCKERS, POW E R (OTHER THAN
F O R K L I F T ) ----------------------------- -—
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

48 5
470

3.99
4.01

4.03
4.04

3.493.54-

2.28
2.81
2.18
1.84

2.19
2.89
2.18
1.84

2.132.532.131.71-

2.28
3.09
2.24
1.98

765
585
180
108
72

2.57
2.61
2.44
2.71
2.03

2.61
2.63
2.60
2.67
1.89

2.132.132.022.611.77-

2.95
2.98
2.70
2.94
2.36

“

"

_
_

_

_

_

-

-

.

-

-

10
10

-

6

54
54

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

10
10

-

_

”

_

25
1
24
24
”

59

-

“

7

1
1
-

~

_

-

13
13

7

*

14

2

16

34

18

14

59

102

-

4

23

-

-

1 38

-

20
20

58
34
24
24

114
1C 5
9
6

20 0
183
17

46 3
423
40
"

202
183
19
8

333
302
31
23

350
231
119
59

848
775
73
73

130
73
57
57

6
2
4
4

5
5

-

-

1
1
“

“

~
'

71
56

4.22
4.25

2,435
402
2,033
129

“

~

70
70

84
84

_

138
138

23
23

-

53
53

1
1

42
42

-

3
3

“

~

-

~

“

WOMEN

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------- -------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b le s .




-

-

50
30

31
9
22
21

63
22
41
36

31
5
26
13

54
3
51
12

1073
9
1064
4

658
22
636
12

16 8
55
113
1

62
62

20

27
16
11

39
33
6

70
64
6

105
105

51
40
11

55
26
29

118
70
48

20

-

50

_

2

25

-

-

-

-

2

25

62
62

95
87
8

32
30
2

6
6

2
2

28
28

147
105
42

64
64

9
9

26
26

9
9

15
15

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

26
T a b le A - 5 a .

C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s — la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1970)
N u m be r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

Hourly earnings3

Sex,

occupation,

and in d u stry d iv isio n

of
workers

Mean 2

Median*

Middle range 2

s
$
t
S
$
t
$
i
>
S
%
s
(
*
S
s
»
t
*
t
$
S
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.4C 2.60 2.60 3.CC 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4 . CO 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20
Under
and
t
and
i. 70 u nd er
1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.2C 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.8C 5.CO 5.20 o v e r

MEN
GU AR DS AND WATC HM EN ---- ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------- ---N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1,082
876
206

$
3.50
3.64
2.91

$
3.66
3.72
3.04

$
3.263.392.28-

$
3.94
3.96
3.53

-

GU AR DS
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

812

3.68

3.76

3.53- 3.96

*

-

13
13

-

-

5
5

26
26

2
2
-

13
4
9

11
1
10

23
9
14

28
18
10

26
16
10

6C

124
114
10

101
61
40

239
219
20

258
250
8

1C3
97

24

~

-

2

4

-

8

17

7

6C

68

55

219

250

97

23

2

1

1

48
48

20
20

32
1
31

48
2
46

48
3
45

33
5
28

104
59
45

2C2
179
23

140
114

191
185
6

72
59
13

448
441
7

62
39
23
21
2

-

1
1

-

26

*

-

-

14
14

84

23
23

2
2

6

“

—
“
-

WATC HM EN
64

3.16

3.24

3.21- 3.28

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EA N E R S --MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------- ------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------------r UtJL IL UI IL 1 1i t j
RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1,901
1,399
502
115
246

3.15
3.37
2.55

3.14
3.42
2.41
3.11
2.13

2.81- 3.81
2.98- 3.83
2.09- 2.88

18
18

1.88- 2.41

9

13

47

20

27

24

30

15

10

11

9

12

1

i

8

6

*

1

*

*

LABORERS, MA TERIAL H A ND LI NG -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

3.47
3.49
3.43

3.033.032.943.112.71-

4.01
4.02
3.93
3.93
3.96

13
13

13
13

11
11

12
12

8
8

87
59
28

21
7
14

55
38
17

97
80
17

253
230
23

234
207
27

243
230
13

266
216
50

153
89
64

21

11
5

3C
30

21

6

13
13
-

4

13

13

11

12

8

28

14

17

17

16

18

4

6

62

335
149
186
12
174

555
466
89

3.42

3.55
3.51
3.78
3.25
3.82

4
4

RETAIL TRADE --------------------

2,439
1,823
616
37
533

89

21

6

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

901
560
341

3.63
3.62
3.65

3.67
3.64
3.73

3.39- 3.89
3.34- 3.80
3.56- 3.95

*

4

-

4

4

4

3
3

*

5

20
10
10

63
61
2

122
1C9
13

125
65
60

262
167
95

166
62
104

40

3
2

1
1

3
37

62
62
“

3
i
2

6
e

-

PACKERS, SH IPPING -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

713
671

3.64
3.68

3.69
3.83

3.34- 3.98
3.35- 3.99

3
"

5

3
3

3
3

10
3

14
12

11
11

82
82

73
73

91
67

70
69

199
199

89
89

7
7

52
52

~

-

RECE IV IN G CL ER KS --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

248
169
79
75

3.56
3.59
3.49
3.49

3.70
3.69
3.85
3.91

3.143.172.892.88-

-

2
2
2

4

2
2
-

11
6
5
5

5
3
2
2

24
15
9
9

2C
16

22
22
-

22
14
8

21
15

30
14
16
16

77
55
22
22

-

SH IPPING C L ER KS ----------------------

133

3.68

3.68

3.36- 4.05

2

-

2

1C

31

18
13

6

25
12

SH IPPING AND R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS -----

146
50
96
59

3.73
3.75
3.72
4.18

3.93
3.85
4.32

3.38- 4.31
3.42- 4.03
3.31- 4.37
J. fO

1,146
404
742
312

4.02
3.81
4.14

4.24

3.49- 4.52

4.30

3.82- 4.55

156

3.51

3.26

2.79- 4.29

479
128
351

4.18
3.58
4.40

4.37
3.38
4.52

3.78- 4.55
3.33- 3.60
4.29- 4.56

N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

KL 1AIL

1r A UL ™ "
\

TRUCKDRIVERS,

2.27

4.11
4.13
4.03
4.04

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

4

4

4

4

_
*

i
i

-

-

“

i
i
i

_

3
1
1

46
1
102
73
29

*

319
239
SO

4
4

1

-

23
18
5

18
14

25

8

5

2

1

-

4

24
22

8

5

2

1

86

44

36
8

42
42

266
34
232
228

298

28
58

37

96
3

228

93

22

2

-

-

2

5

4

3

12

5

21

2

-

-

2

2

4

-

6

-

21
19

121

105
100

17
11

8

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

3

-

14
14

-

-

4

-

-

2

4

-

-

-

2

-

“

9

2

-

“

27

-

-

5
5
“

“

19

4

-

-

-

“

-

4

21

4
4
-

-

LIGHT (UNDER

TRUCKDRIVERS* ME DI UM (1-1/2 TC
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

—

l
l
l

4

33

-

~

-

33

-

i
i

6
6

-

42

-

61

6

44

61

2

18
24

15
10

13
13

5
4

59

13
13

46

252
43

5

59

*

27
T a b le A - 5 a .

C u sto dial and m aterial m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s —large e s ta b lis h m e n ts — C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r 1970)
Hourly earnings^

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—

*

TRUCKDRIVERS

-

-

1.80

1.90 2.00

1.80

MEN

t

1.70

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

*

1.90

2.00

*

2.10

$

$

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.A0

2.60

2.80

3.0C

3.20

3.A0

3.60

3.80

A . 00

A . 20

A.AO

A . 60

A . 80

5.00

5.20

2.40

2.60

2.80

3.00

3.20

3 . A0

3,60

3.80

A.00

A . 20

A.A0

A . 60

A . 80

5.00

5.20

over

10
10

U n der
$
and
1 . 7 0 unde

$

77
77

13
A
9

12
10
2

9
9
“

1A7
30
117

2
2
“

59
59

7

_

_

13
13

2.20

2.30

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

T R U C K D R I V E R S * H E A V Y (OVER A TONS,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------T R U C K D R IV E R S , H E A V Y
OTHER THAN TRAILER

(OVER
TYPE)

A TONS,
---------

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT)
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
F O R K L I F T ) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

$
3A9
155
19A

$

$

$

A . 15
3.88
A . 37

A . 25
3.55
A . 28

3.653.A5A. 2 3 -

A . 31
A . 63

7

3.79

3.72

3.39-

A . 01
A . 01
A . 02
A . 03

3.713.673.933.9A-

A . 08
A . 07
A . 21
A . 21

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

10
10

1

10

1A

23

-

-

A

23

-

-

-

-

52
52

71
71

111
111

102
92
10

216
185
31
23

273
21A
59
59

8A5
772
73
73

130
73
57
57

6
2
A
A

5
5
-

-

-

~
~

1
1

-

8

A . 50

3.85
3.83
A . 01
A . 03

12

~

37
22

87
1.82A
1,590
23A
22A

32
32

8A
8A

_

73
73

21
21

3
3

53
53

1
1

A2
A2

_

~

-

“

-

-

~

'
3A6
331

A . 08
A . 12

A . 03
A.0A

3.71'
3.72

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

531
252
279
9A

2.51
2.99
2.07
1.89

2.27
2.99
2.13
1.87

2.701 . 87 1.80-

2 .9 9
3 .1 8
2 .1 9
1 .9 9

20
2C
2

23
1
22
21

A0
1
39
36

1A
1
13
13

15
3
12
8

117
3
11A
A

55
6
A9
9

PACKERS, SHIPPING
MANUFACTURING ■

191
137

2.79
3.15

2.91
3.0A

2.072.79-

3 .1 9
3.5 7

2
-

25
-

11
-

6

6
-

_

_

-

-

WOMEN

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s




2. 1 2 -

35
35
-

51
51
-

6e
6A
A

2A
22
2

6
6

2
2

28
28

-

31
27
A
i

A
A

15
1A

20
17

26
26

29
29

_

20
20

9
9

15
15

2
2

-

3
3

-

2 8

B .

E

T a b le

s t a b l i s h

B -1 .

m

e n

t

M in im u m

p

r a c t i c e s

a n d

s u

p p l e m

e n

t a r y

w

a g e

p r o v i s i o n

s

e n t r a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s

( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 )
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 4

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s !

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s b of-

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f—

in d u s t r i e s

in d u s t r ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

3 7V2

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

37V 2

40

----------

3 17

147

XXX

170

XXX

XXX

317

147

XXX

170

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ---------------------------

123

34

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d ---------------------------------

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

---------

6 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 .5 0 -------------------------------------------------6 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 .0 0 -------------- ------------------------------------- 6 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 .5 0 ----- -------------------------- _ _ _ --------6 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 .0 0 _______________________________________
7 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 .5 0 ------------------ -- ---------------------------------7 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 .0 0 -----------------------------------------------7 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 .5 0 ----------------------------- -------— ---------------7 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 .0 0 --------- ---------- _ _ ----------------------------8 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 .5 0 ------------------------------------- ----------------8 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 .0 0 --------------------- — -------- -- --------- —
8 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 .5 0 ----------------------------------------------------------8 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 .0 0 ------------------------------------------- -----------9 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 .5 0 ---------------------------------------------------------9 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 .0 0 _______________________________________
9 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 .5 0 -------------- --------------------------- ----------9 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 — ------- — - — — ----— — 1 0 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 2 .5 0 _ — — ----- -------- — -------- --------------------------1 0 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 5 .0 0 -----1 0 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 7 .5 0 -------------- --------- — — -------------- -1 0 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 1 0 .0 0 — ------------ -----------------------1 1 0 .0 0 a n d o v e r ______________________________________________

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ---------------E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y ----------------------------------------------------------------------- --------

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




77

65

46

11

25

150

89

74

61

15

_
1
6
4
7
14
4
24
7
7
7
9
2
5
2
6
1
3
8
6

_
3
2
3
7
2
14
5
4
6
3
2
4
2
5
1
2
7
5

_
1
2
3
6
2
10
4
3
4
3
2
4
2
4
1
2
7
5

_
1
3
2
4
7
2
10
2
3
1
6
1
1
1
1
1

_
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
-

2
5
2
6
9
11
19
6
25
6
11
8
8
2
5
4
4
3
3
5
6

_
4
6
7
9
4
14
4
7
6
2
2
3
4
3
2
2
5
5

_
2
6
6
7
4
10
2
5
5
2
2
3
3
3
2
2
5
5

2
5
2
2
3
4
10
2
11
2
4
2
6
2
1
1
1
1

1
1
3
1
2
2
1
2
1
1
-

-

_
1
1
2
4
2
5
1
1
4
1
1
1
1

-

2
2
1
2
6
2
6
1
1
1
5
1
1
1
1
1

68

30

XXX

38

XXX

XXX

103

41

XXX

62

XXX

XXX

126

40

XXX

86

XXX

XXX

64

17

XXX

47

XXX

XXX

_




T a b le B - 2 .

S h ift d ifferen tials

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 )
( A l l p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 100 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —

L a t e -s h ift pay p r o v is io n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 7
f o r la t e s h i ft s
S e c o n d s h i ft

T o t a l _______________________________________________

9 6 .2

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

8 9 .2

A c t u a l l y w o r k i n g o n la t e s h i ft s

S e c o n d s h ift

2 3 .3

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

6 .8

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n la t e s h i f t ---------

1.1

0 .9

0 .4

0 .1

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n la t e s h i f t --------------

9 5 .1

8 8 .3

2 2 .9

6 .7

6 1 .8

5 1 .8

1 3 .7

4 .9

.7
3 .6
2 .3
5 .8
1.4
1 9 .5
.5
3 .0
1.5
1 0.6
.1
.7
.7
8 .1
3 .3

.6
1 .3
6 .7
6 .4
2 .2
1 5 .0
2 .2
1 .4
1.1
7 .3

.1
.6

4 .5
3 .1

(8 )
.2
.2
2 .3
1.1

.1
.1
.5
1 .0
.3
1.3
.2
.1
.1
.4
.4
.4

T y p e and a m ou n t o f d iffe r e n t ia l:
U n if o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ---------------------------4 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------5 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------6 o r 7 c e n t s ----------------------------------------8 c e n t s ------------------------------------- -------------------9 c e n t s -------------------- ---------------------------- -10 c e n t s -------- ---------------------------------------- --11 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------------12 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------13, I 3 V3 , o r 14 c e n t s --------------------------15 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------16 o r 17 c e n t s ---------------------- --------18 c e n t s — -------------------------------------- —
19 c e n t s ------ ------------------------ --- ------ .
20 c e n t s --------- -------------------------------------------22 o r 23 c e n t s ---------------------- ------- _ _ _
2 4 c e n t s a n d o v e r -------------------------------------

.5
1 .4
.2
4 .4
.1
.7
.2
1 .8

3 1 .8

3 2 .3

9 .0

1 .7

5 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------------------7 p e r c e n t ------------------------- ------------- ----------7 V2 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------- -10 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------------15 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------

1 9 .9
2 .6
9 .3

1 .7
1 .5
2 8 .3
.9

6 .2
.6
2 .3
-

.1
.2
1.3
.1

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------------------------

1.5

4 .2

.2

(8 )

U n if o r m p e r c e n t a g e --------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .

-

30

T a b le B -3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 )
P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

U n d e r 35 h o u r s ________________________________________
35 h o u r s _________________________________________________
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 3 772 h o u r s ______________________
3 7 V2 h o u r s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ______________________
4 0 h o u r s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s _________________________
4 4 h o u r s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 4 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s -----------------------------------4 8 h o u r s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------

1
2

2
1
89
1
1
2
2
2

95
4
1

90
10
-

3
2
28
62
2
2
2

S e e f o o t n o t e at e n d o f t a b l e s .




(9 )
6
84
1
1
2
2
1

5
(9 )
17
3
74
0
(9 )
-

(9 )
(9 )
15
3
82
-

P u b l ic
u t il it i e s

100

(9 )
1
6
(9 )
92
-

W h o l e s a le
tra de

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n e e

100

100

100

6
4
3
81
3
3
-

5
12
-

16
2
31
7
45
-

82
-

T a b le B -4.

Paid holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , C l e v e 'a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 )
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll w o r k e r s . _

------------------------------------- -------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a i d h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s _____________________________________

O ffic e w o rk e r s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t il it i e s

Wh o le s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

99

99

99

10 0

98

100

100

100

100

10 0

100

1

1

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

27
7
6
7
1
1
32
6
12
-

(9 )
24
2
1

2
3
1

15
2
54
17

45
5
1

22
3

65
-

-

-

(9 )
11
-

12
-

7
-

-

-

-

12
12
29
29
83
83
85
85
100
100
100
100
100

P u b l ic
u t il it i e s

W h o l e s a le
tra de

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n c e

N u m ber o f days
L e s s th a n 6 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s _ -----------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ___________________________
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ------ --------------------------6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 3 h a l f d a y s --------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
7 h o l id a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y -----------------------------------------7 h o l id a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s --------------------------------------7 h o l id a y s p lu s 3 o r 4 h a l f d a y s ____________________
8 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s ____________________
9 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
9 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 o r 3 h a l f d a y s ---------------------------10 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
10 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ________________________
11 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------11 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y _________________________
11 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ------------------------------------12 h o l i d a y s ----------------- --------------------------- ------------------

1
7
1
1

4
15
38

9
(9 )
14
-

(9 )
22
-

8
59
16
14
-

-

-

-

-

14
15
24
24
48
50
75
76
90
90
97
98
98

-

~

-

-

22
22
34
34

99
99
99
99
99

99
99
99
99
99

12
12
18
18
52
53
66
73
100
100
100
100
100

-

69
89
90
97
97

14
14
30
30
89
89
96
96

(’ )
13
1
1
(9 >
24
2
24
0

(9 )
1
(9 )
6
1
2
1
18
3
31
(9 )
11

33
8
~
-

(9 )
8
1
1
(9 )
19
1
22
2
11
(9 )
5
(9 )
1
(9 )

(9 )

5
1
2
1
18
1
38
1
16

8
1
6
25
2

-

43
29
3
-

(9 )
8
4
3
6
4
3
1
4
1

T o t a l h o l id a y t i m e 10
12 d a y s . .
-------------------------------------------------------- 1 1 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------11 d a y s o r m o r e - ------ ------------------------- ---------------10V2 d a y s o r m o r e - ---------- - ----------------- — -------10 d a y s o r m o r e --------- ---------------------------------------------9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------- —9 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------- ----------------------------------8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------- ---------8 days o r m o re
- 7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------6 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s o r m o r e -------- ------------------- ---------------------------3 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------- ---------2 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------1 d a y o r m o r e ----------- _ ----------------- ---------------------

98
99

______________
S e e f o o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b l e s .




66

8
8

41
41
79
79
94
94
96
97
98

1
1
7
7
18
19
42
43
64
65
74
76
99
99
99

100
100

11
11
28
29
67
69
89
89
95
98
100
100
100
100
100

) 7
7
9
9
40
41
50
55
100
100
100
100
100

3
3
32
32
76
78
100
100
100
100
100

5
6
6
6
10
14
23
23
23
27
35
35
100
100
100
100
100

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a t io n s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a nd o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s ,

Cl evel and,

Ohio,

Plant w o r k e r s
Vacation policy

j

u
j
Mann: h ji.iSU'ic. s | la d u r i n g

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________|

100

j

|

Public
utilities

100

S e p t e m b e r 1 97 0)

Offi ce w o r k e r s

Wholesale
trade

100

Retail
trade

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

mance

100___________ 100__________ 100____________ 1 00___________ 100___________ 100___________ 100_________ 100
L

Met ho d of payment
W o r k e r s in est abl is hment s providi ng
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ................................
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------------------O t h e r _________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in est abl is hme nt s providi ng
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s ----------------------------------------

99
90
8
2

2

99
99
-

(9 )

-

1

-

14
18
1

19
16
1
1

14
16
-

4
15
1
-

1
28
-

4

“
89
10

1 00

87
1

1

100
96
4
-

100
97
2
1

99
98
2
(9 )

-

100
97
3
-

100
99
1

100
100
-

100
98
2
-

6

12
11
-

1
47

100
100

39
-

-

(9 )

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 11
Af ter 6 mont hs of s er v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s _____________________________________________________

(9 )

5
45
1

1

47
1

6

1

6

1

56
1

3

-

-3

After 1 year of service
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

(9 )

81

80
3
13
1
2

"
62

-

-

-

"
17
1
80
(9 )
1
(9 )
-

13
77

5

34
5
61

21
78

2
(9 )
94

9
1

35
-

3

2

-

25
-

-

l

71
-

l

-

5

"
55

1

"
26

89
1

-

74
-

-

4

-

45
-

3

86

-

14
-

96

-

-

-

-

-

-

( )
-

-

Af ter 2 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and
under
2w e e k s -----------------2 w e e k s ____________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3
w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w < f e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and
under
4 w e e k s -----------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

44

53
14
26
2

9
42
1
3

4

-

-

-

l

-

l

_

_

9

-

_

2
(9 )
91

2

3

_

-

2
(9 )

-

2
(9 )
98

3

-

97
-

100

-

4

-

(9 )
-

.

2
98
-

-

.

-

_

Af te r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------o
i
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4
w e e k s ------------------- --------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

7
20

^
1

6

5
t

-

96

-

q

_

°

7

1

O
( )
90

4

10
84

?

3
o

1
89

8

29
53

66

_

,9
\

,9 .

~
99

)

82

5
4

'

(

,9 .

'

100

100

-

9
7

‘

97

1

3

-

-

“

Af te r 4 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------0
1
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------- --------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------




S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .

?
20
DD

7
29

4
0

6

-3
1

1

4

( )

-

6

M
^
^
4

07
4

^
“
1

9

“

-

"

"

-

' '

1
g’
_

^

n
7

-

7

' '

1

-

1

g'v
_
3

3

_

1 00

1 00

_
_

_

-

4

33

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s ,

C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 )

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t il it i e s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n c e

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 11— C o n t in u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------- ---------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _ _ _ -----------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------- --------------------------------------------------------------

_

(9 )
i
73
6
18
1

i
77
10
11
1

(9 )
(9 )
12
16
62
4
4
1

(9 )
11
24
52
7
5
1

_
80
(9 )
19
-

_
4
80
16
-

_
51
48
-

_

_

(9 )
73
6
20

(9 )
(9 )

(9 )

_

.

_
94
_

_

_

87
-

57
_

5
-

13
_

43
_

1

(9 )
71
4
25

-

-

"

11
-

_
55
2
42
_

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------ -----------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

(9 )
1
98
(9 )
-

26
2
69
2

11
84
5

-

-

(9 )
14
2
74
5
6

(9 )
11
2
68
10
9

10
89
1

42
7
44
8

_
14
83
3

89
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
2
69
2
-

9
82
7
-

-

-

(9 )
11
2
73
7
6

(9 )
7
3
66
14
9
-

6
93
-

14
79
7
-

9
2
39
-

~

"

6
50
44
-

4
53
42
-

6
37
45
~
11
-

4
34
62
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

6
27
53
9
5
1

1
98
-

(9 )
(9 )
4

-

(9 )
63
8
24

(9 )
66
12
19

(9 )
1

(9 )
1

76
24
-

(9 )
(9 )
3
(9 )
37
2
46
3
7

(9 )
42
2
43
5
4

0

(9 )
8
18
62
6
5
1

(9 )

-

(9 )
"

19
60
2
19
-

6
47
47
-

-

-

(9 )
6
58
7
29
1

(9 )
3
53
12
32

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1
90
-

15
4
35
44
2
-

6
26
50
17
-

-

(9 )
1
“

41

44
4
3

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------ ------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------- --------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------

2

(9 )
-

-

4
91
5
1

29
49
7
12
3

-

-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------ --------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __ _ _
------ -------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ----- --------------- -----------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




(9 >
1

(9 )
1

9
(9 )
“

“

-

-

(9 )
6
22
1
64

(9 )
3

n
6
1
“

\

12
1
73
1
10
(’ )
"

4
3
89
3
1

29
33
30
4
3

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s -----C o n tin u e d

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1970)
O f f ic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 11— -C o n tin u e d

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------- ---2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------- -3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s -------------------------------5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ------- ----------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s _______________________________________

(9 )
(9 )
3
(9 )
27
1
44
3
19
1
1

_
2
30
2
45
5
15
1
1

(9 )
(9 )
3
(9 )
27
1
41
4
21
2
1

2
30
2
41
6
16
2
1

(9 )
(9 )
3
(’ )
27
1
41
4
20
3
1

_
2
30
2
41
6
14
4
1

_

_
15
4
31
40
10
-

13
49
32
-

“

49
50
(9 )

_
6

_

_

"

(9 )
6
15
(9 )
62
(9 )
16
1
“

(9 )
3
11
(9 )
66
i
17
1
“

15
4
31
40
10
-

_
6

-

-

(9 )
6

(9 )
3

-

_

_

_
4
3
45
47
1
“

_
29
33
25
10
3
“

6
17
60
17
"

4
15
81
-

4

29

_
6

_
4

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _ —
— _____
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------- ---------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ---------------- ----------5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------— ---------O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s -----------6 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s _______________________________________

_

_
-

42
57
(9 )
“

(9 )

-

13
49
32
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
(9 )
58
1
18
(9 )
2
“

11
(9 )
62
2
19
(9 )
2
“

3
31
61
(9 )
”

33
25
9
4
“

17
60
17
-

15
81
"

4
3

29
33

6
17

4

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i l a b l e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s -------------------------------5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s - __ -------------------------------------- __




S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .

_
-

42
57
(9 )

15
4
31
40

49

-

-

10
(9 )

-

-

-

-

(9 )
6
15
(9 )
57
1
18
2
(’ )

(9 )
3
11
(9 )
62
2
18
3
(9 )

6
13
-

32
-

-

31
~

61
1

-

25
1
9
4

-

15

-

-

60

80

-

-

17
-

1
-

35

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in su ran ce, and pension plans

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 )
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it a n d
fin a n c in g 12

A ll w o r k e r s ----

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t il it i e s

O f f ic e w o r k e r s
W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e

----------------------------------- —

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s sh o w n b e l o w ----------------

99

100

99

100

99

99

100

100

95

99

99

98
73

99
74

99
83

95
67

96
53

96
72

72
55

72
57

98
82

67
44

43
11

68
51

L i f e i n s u r a n c e - --------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ----------------------------A c c id e n ta l d e ath an d d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e __________________________________ —
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s --------------------------S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 13----------------------------------S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e ------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s -----------------------S i c k l e a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ____________________________
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ____________________________
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e — ..........................
N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s --------------------- ------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ----------------------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e .................................... - N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ----------------------------M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e .........................................
N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ----------------------------D e n t a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ----------------------------R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n -------------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s -----------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b l e s .




98
81

99
87

99
91

100
83

95
54

73
61

78
68

82
74

73
57

51
30

92

97

82

89

87

82

87

90

65

87

81

84
71

94
82

35
28

78
66

70
51

49
34

67
52

32
18

43
24

59
27

21
11

12

8

27

22

21

60

68

37

42

35

71

6

2

38

3

10

7

2

46

94
77
94
77
82
67
46
32
2
1
86
81

99
87
99
86
90
80
45
35

99
78
99
78
88
66
.91
66
18
18
81
79

96
78
96
78
92
74
39
26
2

81
49
80
48
56
28
46
16

93
62
92
62
84
58
78
47

98
73
97
72
89
68
80
47
90
75

95
79
95
79
95
79
99
83

-

94
88

-

82
76

-

68
62

(!)
(9 )

85
73

(’ >
(9 )

79
70

17
83
39
83
39
79
44
53
27
3
75
69

1

70
44
70
43
49
22
51
22

95
49
90
48
78
44
84
45

(!)
(9 )

59
58

86
76

36

Footnotes

A ll of t h e s e s t a n d a r d fo o tn o te s m a y n ot a p p ly to t h is b u lle tin .

1
S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y f o r o v e r tim e at
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , an d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n i s c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s of a l l w o r k e r s an d d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s
p o s it io n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th an the r a t e show n ; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than the r a te show n. T h e m id d le r a n g e i s d e fin e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s an d a fo u rth e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r r a te .
3
E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e an d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la t e s h if t s .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t in g (h irin g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id fo r s ta n d a r d
w o rk w e e k s.
5
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o ffic e g ir l.
6
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , an d fo r the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o rk w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
In c lu d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la t e s h i f t s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h o se f o r m a l p r o v i s io n s c o v e r la te
s h i f t s , e v e n though the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la t e s h i f t s .
8
L e s s th an 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s th an 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
10 A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f f u ll an d h a lf d a y s th at a d d to th e s a m e am o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r tio n of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a t o ta l
o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u ll d a y s an d no h a lf d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s an d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll d a y s an d 4 h a lf d a y s , an d so on. P r o p o r t io n s then
w e r e c u m u la te d .
11
In c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r th an " le n g t h o f t i m e , " su c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f an n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r te d to an e q u iv a le n t
tim e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of an n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o se n a r b i t r a r i l y
an d do n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v i s io n s fo r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p le , the c h a n g e s in p r o p o r tio n s in d ic a te d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s io n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 an d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , the p r o p o r tio n e lig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e lig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
12 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e fit a r e f o r a l l p la n s f o r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t of the c o s t i s b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r . "N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
p l a n s " in c lu d e on ly t h o s e p la n s fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y the e m p lo y e r . E x c lu d e d a r e l e g a l ly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
13 U n d u p lic a te d t o ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
lim ite d to t h o s e w h ich d e fin it e ly e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th at c a n b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . In fo r m a l s i c k le a v e
a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




A p p en d ix.

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t an d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h i s p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

O FFIC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — C o n tin u e d

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a f a n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c ., w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a l l y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n tr y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
an d s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s a n d c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s an d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l t a s k s su c h a s p o s t in g to r e g i s t e r s a n d l e d g e r s ;
r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y in g th e in t e r n a l c o n s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , a n d m a t h e m a t ic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
a n d v e r i f y in g f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a t i o n s , p o s t in g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M a y w o rk
in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s a n d o f f ic e p r a c t i c e s an d p r o c e d u r e s
w h ich r e l a t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g a n d r e c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s a n d a c c o u n t in g in f o r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r t y p ic a ll y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t in g t e r m s
an d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , b u t i s n o t r e q u i r e d to h a v e a k n o w le d g e o f th e f o r m a l
p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t in g .




NOTE:

S in c e th e l a s t s u r v e y in t h is a r e a ,

P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s i s o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s w h ich
r e q u i r e th e a p p lic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m ­
p l ic a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t iv e a c c o u n t in g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t i a l v a r i e t y o f
p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s a n d c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th r o u g h p r e v io u s
a c c o u n t in g a c t io n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay b e a s s i s t e d b y one o r m o re
c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , su c h a s p o s t in g to
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t i f ic a t i o n o f i t e m s a n d lo c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e
c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y a n d c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d a n d r e p e t it i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; a n d c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a few p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y l e a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C L E R K , O RDER
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f il le d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d it
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f il e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PAYRO LL
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on ti m e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e. M a y m a k e o ut p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .

th e B u r e a u h a s d is c o n tin u e d c o ll e c t in g d a t a f o r o i l e r s a n d

37

p lu m b e rs.

38
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATO R

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t io n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t , in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o t h e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e ra te s a keypunch
t a b u l a t in g c a r d s o r on t a p e .

to r e c o r d

o r v e rify

a lp h a b e t ic

a n d / o r n u m e r ic

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

d a t a on

C l a s s A . W o rk r e q u i r e s th e a p p lic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s to b e fo llo w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , in t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s to b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . O n o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e
keypu n ch w o rk .
M a y t r a i n i n e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . W o rk i s r o u t in e a n d r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e
li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a t a to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n .
M E S S E N G E R (O ffic e B o y o r G ir l )
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
E x c lu d e p o s i t i o n s th a t r e q u i r e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h i c le a s a s i g n i f i c a n t du ty .
SEC R ET A R Y
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to o n e in d iv id u a l. M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : (a) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l in q u i r i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; an d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a t u r e an d d if f ic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E xclusions

N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s th a t a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s ; (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h do n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , te c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e n o t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E ; T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f in it io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s id e n tif y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e no t c o n s i d e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




a ll,

B

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
m a c h in e

P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s i s o f th e f o llo w in g d e f in i t io n s .

a ll,

C la ss

c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r - a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c t io n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .) o r~ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 , 000
e m p lo y e e s; or
d.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d re d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s not e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , fe w e r th a n 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th an
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ; M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER , G EN ER A L
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k . ( S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s . )
S T E N O G R A P H E R , S E N IO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t a k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t up a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g ; W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; an d a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g an d ro u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l- t i m e

39
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r ) — C o n tin u e d

a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
fu n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s if th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s a n d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in ­
s t r u c t i o n s . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e c o m p le t e b u t r o u tin e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f l a r g e r an d m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
co u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s
u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s . M a y t r a i n
n ew e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s .
C l a s s C . U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p le ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g
m a c h in e s su c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n t s
t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p le w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s , a n d d o s o m e f il in g w o rk .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h i s ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's ti m e w h ile a t
s w it c h b o a r d .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y an d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y su c h a s
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n
in sh o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )
T Y P IS T
O p e r a t e s one o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s su c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , e t c . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t.

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e o ut b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .

P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s i s o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d ta b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s in c lu d in g d e v i s i n g
d if f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir i n g
s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a t u r e a n d s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , a n d th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
I s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in tr a i n in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s o r t r a i n in g lo w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d in th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h ich w ir in g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s li m it e d to s e l e c t i o n a n d in s e r t i o n
o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w hen
it in v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l , a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n ifo r m ity
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c in g . M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r
d r a f t s ; r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d
t a b u l a t io n s , o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

COM PUTER OPERATOR
M o n it o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s d a t a a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
S t u d ie s in s t r u c t i o n s to d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t s e tu p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
an d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t io n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
prog ram .
F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p e r a to r s a r e

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s ;

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; N ew p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t ly t e s t e d an d
in tr o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m i n im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t i f ic a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u i r e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d ir e c t i o n an d g u id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ;
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c tio n r u n s , t y p ic a ll y ru n on a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s li t t l e o r no t e s t in g
o f new p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n . T h is u s u a l l y in v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u te r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d fo r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t t a s k s fo llo w in g
d e t a ile d in s t r u c t i o n s a n d w ith f r e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .




C l a s s C . W o rk s on r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
I s e x p e c t e d to d e v e lo p
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i li t y to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in
ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s . U s u a ll y h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l tr a i n in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a tio n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p ic a ll y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
W o rk in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h , w h en e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u te r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t io n o f d a t a to a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ; A p p li e s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , an d p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a ile d flo w c h a r t s to sh o w o r d e r in w h ich d a t a w ill b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d in s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c tio n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c ie n c y o r a d a p t to new r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s of
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t an d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s an d p r o ­
g r a m i n g sh o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s not in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o th e r e l e c t r o n ic d a t a p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g ra m e rs a re c la s sifie d

a s f o llo w s :

C l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ich
r e q u i r e c o m p e te n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o rk in g fr o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ich id e n tif y th e n a tu r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a jo r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e
a c c o m p l is h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g r o u tin e ;
p l a n s th e f u ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d to e f f i c ie n t l y u t il iz e th e c o m p u te r s y s t e m
in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .

40
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

A t t h i s le v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d if f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m n u m e ro u s an d d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n ts.
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
li n k a g e p o in t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s to d a t a w h en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a t a e l e m e n t s
to f o r m a h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w ho a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .
C l a s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on r e l a t i v e l y s i m p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r se g m e n ts) u su a lly
p r o c e s s in f o r m a t io n to p r o d u c e d a t a in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f in i n g , a d a p t i n g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d it io n s to o r
d e le t io n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c in g
o f d a t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u t in e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g ty p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
f o r m i n g l e s s d if f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d if f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e
d ir e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C l a s s C . M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s an d c o n c e p ts u su a lly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n in g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p lic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to r o u t in e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o n new
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o , v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v in g th e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g ;
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d a n d i d e n t i f ie s c o n d itio n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r a n d t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a n d d o c u m e n t s to
b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t io n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic i e n t d e t a i l f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n to m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k a n d
d a t a flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n ew a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e i r p a y .)

m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a le e s t a b li s h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e
th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p l i c a t i o n s o f th e
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d fo r
c l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
on c o m p le x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o rk i s r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d to i n s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o rk s u n d e r im m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s i n g l e a c t iv i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in th e a p p lic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .
D RA FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n en ts an d p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t i e s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip l e f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f. U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f
c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n w ith in i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
A N D /O R

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o th e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

E L E C T R O N IC

s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s
in v o lv in g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c tio n s c h e d u l in g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it i a t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e im p l i c a t i o n s o f n ew o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes re co m ­
m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t io n a l
a ss is t.

d ir e c tio n

to lo w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d

to

C l a s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l ic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p l a n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m it e d
c o m p le x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e o u tp u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,




P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

T E C H N IC IA N

W o rk s on v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r m o r e
o f th e fo llo w in g o p e r a t i o n s : M o d ify in g , in s t a l l i n g , r e p a i r i n g , a n d o v e r h a u lin g . T h e s e o p e r a t io n s
r e q u i r e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a l l o f th e fo llo w in g t a s k s :
A s s e m b l i n g , t e s t i n g , a d ju s t i n g ,
c a l i b r a t i n g , tu n in g , a n d a lin in g .
W o rk i s n o n r e p e t i t iv e a n d r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f th e t h e o r y a n d p r a c t i c e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p e r t a in in g to th e u s e o f g e n e r a l a n d s p e c i a l i z e d e l e c t r o n i c t e s t e q u ip m e n t ; t r o u b le a n a l y s i s ; a n d
th e o p e r a t io n , r e l a t io n s h ip , a n d a li n e m e n t o f e l e c t r o n i c s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , a n d c i r c u i t s h a v in g
a v a r ie ty o f com p on en t p a r t s .
E l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d on t y p i c a l l y in c lu d e o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g :
G r o u n d , v e h i c l e , o r a i r b o r n e r a d io c o m m u n ic a t io n s s y s t e m s , r e l a y s y s t e m s , n a v ig a t io n a i d s ;
a i r b o r n e o r g r o u n d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d i o an d t e l e v i s i o n t r a n s m i t t i n g o r r e c o r d in g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n ic c o m p u t e r s ; m i s s i l e a n d s p a c e c r a f t g u id a n c e a n d c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; i n d u s t r i a l a n d m e d ic a l
m e a s u r i n g , in d ic a t in g , a n d c o n t r o l li n g d e v i c e s ; e t c .
( E x c lu d e p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s a n d t e s t e r s , c r a f t s m e n , d r a f t s m e n , d e s i g n e r s , e n g i n e e r s ,
a n d r e p a i r m e n o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s o f f ic e m a c h in e s , r a d io a n d t e l e v i s i o n
r e c e i v i n g s e t s .)

41
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )

N U R S E , I N D U S T R I A L ( R e g i s t e r e d ) — C o n t in u e d

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r
i n ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o l v e a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s

o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a lu a t io n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H I N I S T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; P la n n in g
a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
sta n d a rd sh op co m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g and
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r i t t e n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t io n s s u c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y
o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g
f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in
th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g
and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h ea t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s ;
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t i n g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e m p l o y in g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n i s h th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
and c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p l ie d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k il le d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s t h e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d t o s u p p ly in g , li f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s ,
e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n
to a ch ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n e e d
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u t t in g a n d l u b r ic a t in g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .




M E C H A N I C , A U T O M O T I V E (M a in t e n a n c e )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; E x a m in in g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t i n v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l li n g th e v a r io u s
a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e l s , a d ju s t in g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o t iv e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N I C , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t li n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t li n g m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in l y i n v o l v e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
i n v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t in g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a ll s n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , and d i s m a n t le s a n d i n s t a l ls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b l u e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o l s a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l li n g a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s
th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il
h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w it h s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite
le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t in g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e
m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; L a y in g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o c a t e
p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to
c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d in g
p i p e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b li n g

42
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

p i p e w it h c o u p l i n g s a n d fa s t e n i n g p i p e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p i p e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u il d i n g s a n it a t io n
o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c h i d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r t h e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l
r o o f i n g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t a l l
t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g
up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls
in c u t t i n g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t i n g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
as r e q u ire d .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f t h e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

(D i e m a k e r ; j i g

m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; fix tu re

m a k er;

gage m a k er)

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j ig s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g a n d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o li n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fi t t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

sh op s

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

t o o l and

d ie m a k e r s

in t o o l a n d d ie j o b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G

W ATCHM AN

G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c l u d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te
a n d c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a tch m a n .
M a k es rou n ds
t h e ft , a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
J A N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r ;

OR

o f p r e m is e s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

CLEANER

ch a rw om a n ; ja n itr e s s )
F o r w age

C le a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o l v e
a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l ie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c l e a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a il a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , a n d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h i p p e d , m a k in g u p b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m en t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; .and m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .
stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w ork ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

cle rk

T R U C K D R IV E R

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w it h o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r i v e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r -t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d t y p e o f e q u ip m e n t ,
a s fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

O R D E R F IL L E R
(O r d e r

p ick e r;

stock

s e le cto r; w areh ou se

stock m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
t o f i l l i n g o r d e r s a n d i n d ic a t i n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l ie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r 1V2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m (IV2 t o a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a ile r type)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its t o b e p a c k e d , th e t y p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o l v e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r io u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t if y in g
d a ta o n c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O p era tes a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b l is h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d
g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a;re c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f t r u c k , a s f o l l o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

( f o r k l if t )
(o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

A vailab le O n

R e q u e s t -----

Th e f o llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t of 1965.
a v a i l a b l e at no c o s t w h ile s u p p l i e s l a s t f r o m an y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A bilene, T ex.
A lask a
A l b a n y , Ga.
A lexan dria, La.
A l p e n a , S t a n d i s h , and T a w a s C i t y , M ic h .
A m arillo, Tex.
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tlantic C ity, N .J .
A u g u s t a , G a .— . C .
S
A ustin, Tex.
B a k e r s f i e l d , Calif.
B aton R ouge, L a.
B i l l i n g s , Mont.
B i l o x i , G u l f p o r t , an d P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , an d S t a m f o r d , Conn.
C h a rle sto n , S.C .
C h e y e n n e , Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n . , and H o p k i n s v i l l e , Ky .
C o l o r a d o S p r i n g s , C o lo .
C olu m b ia, S.C .
C o l u m b u s , G a .— l a .
A
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D oth an , A l a .
Duluth — u p e r i o r , Minn.— is.
S
W
D u r h a m , N .C .
E l P a s o , Tex.
Eugene, Oreg.
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. D ak .—
M
Minn.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
Fitch b u r^-L eom in ster, M ass.
F o r t S m i t h , A r k . — k la.
O
F r e d e r i c k r - H a g e r s t o w n , Md.— a . —
P
W. V a.
G r e a t F a l l s , Mont.
G r e e n s b o r o — in sto n S a l e m — igh P o i n t , N .C .
W
H
H a rrisb u rg , P a.
H a r t f o r d , Conn.
H un tsville, A la.

C o p i e s of p u b lic r e l e a s e s a r e

K n o x v i l l e , T en n .
L ared o , Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L e x i n g t o n , Ky.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , Md.—
Va.
L y n c h b u r g , V a.
M acon, Ga.
M a d i s o n , W is.
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , S a u l t S te . M a r i e , M ich
M erid ian , M is s .
M i d d l e s e x , M o nm outh , O c e a n an d S o m e r s e t
C o s., N .J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , an d P e n s a c o l a , F l a .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la.
N a s h v i l l e , Ten n .
New L o n d o n — r o t o n — o r w i c h , Conn.
G
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
O gden , Utah
O rlando, F la .
O xnard— entura, Calif.
V
P a n a m a C i ty , F l a .
Pin e B luff, Ark.
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .— a i n e — a s s .
M
M
P u e b l o , C olo.
R e n o , N ev.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif .
Salin a, K an s.
S a lin a s — o nterey, C alif.
M
S an ta B a r b a r a , C alif.
S h r e v e p o r t , La>.
S p r i n g f i e l d — h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s . —
C
H
Conn.
Sto c k t o n , C a l i f .
T a c o m a , W ash.
Topeka, K ans.
T u cson , A riz.
V a l d o s t a , Ga.
V a l l e j o— a p a , C a l i f .
N
W ic h it a F a l l s , T e x .
W ilm in gton , D el.— . J . —
N
Md.

T h e e l e v e n th a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l ,
b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , an d c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1693, N a t i o n a l
S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 . 0 0 a c o p y , f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s ,
U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r any of i t s r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .




☆

U. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F I C E : 1971 O - 432-466(14 )




A rea W age

Surveys

A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c te d at the
r e q u e s t of the W age and H o u r D i v i s i o n of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r in te n d e n t of
D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the i n s i d e f ro n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , J u l y 1970_________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970__________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1____________________
A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1970 L B
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1970 1_______________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1970 1 ___________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r th u r—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 -----P
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 __________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970_________________________
B o i s e C i t y , Idaho, N ov. 1 9 7 0 1 --------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , Aug. 1970 1 ____________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1970—______________ ____________
C a n t o n , O h io , M a y 1970 1----------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1970 1---------------------------- C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1970 1 ----------------------------------C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1970 1 ----------------------C h i c a g o , 111., J u n e 1970________________________________
C i n c in n a t i , O hio— y .—I n d . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 _________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t . 1969-------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1969_____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , O ct. 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
R
M
O ct. 1969 1______________________________________________
D ay to n , O hio, D e c . 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1--------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a y 1970 1 --------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h ., F e b . 1 9 7 0 ______________________________
F o r t W o rth, T e x . , O c t. 1969___________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1970 1----------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 0 ____________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1970----------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., O c t. 1969------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1970______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1970 1_________________
L a w r e n c e r - H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1970 1--------N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 * ____
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e im — a n t a AnarS
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky .—I n d . , N ov. 1969 1______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1970 1____________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1970 1 _________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N ov. 1969 1 -------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
M id la n d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1970 1 --------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 7 0 * __________________________
M in n eap olis—
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1970 1 _____________

B u lletin num ber
and p r i c e
1660-88,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1685- 18,
1660-84,
1685-6,
1660-57,
1685-21,
1685-1 1,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1685-10,
1660-90,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
60 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1660-18,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1685-16,
1660-82,
1665- 1,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1660-74,
1660-46,

45
40
35
35
40
30
35
50
50

D ata on esta blish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p plem en tary w a g e provision s are also presen ted .




cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents

A rea
M u s k e g o r r - M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., J u n e 1970 1____
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1970 1---------------New H a v e n , C o n n ., J a n . 1970 1_________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1970___________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 * ___________________________
N o r f o l k r - P o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n . 1970 1 ____________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1970_______________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 1 9 7 0 1_______________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1970 1_________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , N ov. 1969 1-------------------------N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 7 0 1____________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N ov. 1970_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . , M a y 1970 1___________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R .I .— a s s . ,
W
M
M a y 1 9 7 0 _______________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1970 1______________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1____________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
A u g . 1970_______________________ ________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1 _____________________________
St. L o u i s , M o.—111., M a r . 1970_________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U tah, Nov. 1969 1______________________
S a n A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1970___________________________
San B e r n a r d in o — iv e r sid e — n tario , C a lif.,
R
O
D a e . 1969_______________________________________________
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1970___________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , Oct. 1969 1--------------O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g. 1970________________ -___________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1970 1______________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1970 1 ---------------------------------------S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 1970_____________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p t. 1969________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1970 1 ----------------------------------S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1970 1 -----------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N ov. 1970--------------------T o l e d o , O h icr-M ich ., F e b . 1970_________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 7 0 1 _____________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 __________________________
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t . 1969 1-------------------W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 0 * --------------------------------W a t e r l o o , Iow a, J a n . 1 9 7 0 _____________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , A p r . 1970 1 ____________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1970 1 --------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 1__________________________________
Y o u n g sto w n — a r r e n , O hio, Nov. 1969 1--------------------W

Bu lletin num ber
and p r i c e
1660-85,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1660-89,

35 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
75 c e n t s

1660-59,
1685-5,
1685-14,
1660-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1685-19,
1660-77,

35
30
35
45
60
35
50
30
40

1660-72,
1685-12,
1660-65,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n ts

1685-7,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1660-30,
1660-71,

30
35
40
35
30

c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts

1660-43,
1685-20,
1660-33,
1685-13,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1685-17,
1660-56,
1685- 15,
1685-9,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30
30
50
30
35
35
30
25
35
35
30
30
30
35
30
50
35
30
35
35
35
35

cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents

c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LABO R
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A S H IN G TO N , D.C.

20212

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
P E N A LT Y FOR P R IV A TE USE, $300




POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
!--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

FIRST CLASS MAIL

I