View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

REGION IN
PHILADELPHIA

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N .Y . 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert S t
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




A re a W age S u rv e y

The Cleveland, Ohio, Metropolitan Area




S e p te m b e r 1 9 6 8

B u lle tin

N o. 1 6 2 5 - 1 9
M arch 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 50 cents




P re fa c e
The B u re a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of an nual o c c u p a ­
t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o li t a n a r e a s i s d e s i g n e d to p r o v id e d a ta
on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n ­
ta r y w age p r o v is io n s .
It y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y
d iv i s i o n f o r e a c h o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , an d f o r
th e U n ite d S t a t e s . A m a jo r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s th e n e e d
f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l
c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) th e s t r u c t u r e an d l e v e l o f w a g e s
a m o n g a r e a s an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

m e t r o p o li t a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to on e b u lle tin .
The se c o n d p a r t p r e ­
s e n t s in fo r m a t io n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l ­
ita n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s an d th e U n ite d S t a t e s .
N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o g r a m . In e a c h
a r e a , in fo r m a t io n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly an d on
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h i s b u lle t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in C le v e la n d ,
O h io , in S e p t e m b e r 1968. T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ,
a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s
o f C u y a h o g a , G e a u g a , L a k e , an d M e d in a C o u n t ie s .
T h is s tu d y w a s
c o n d u c te d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in C h ic a g o , 111., u n d e r the
g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n o f W o od ro w C . L in n , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r
fo r O p e ra tio n s.

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in p r e s e n t s
s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d . A f t e r c o m p le t io n o f a l l o f th e
in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a ro u n d o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m ­
m a r y b u lle t in i s i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f th e

C o n ten ts

Page
1
5

In tr o d u c tio n _______________________________________
W age t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
T a b le s:
1.
2.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s t u d i e d ____________________________________________ ___________ ___________________
In d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , an d




N O TE:

S i m i l a r t a b u la t io n s a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r o t h e r a r e a s .

(S e e i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n in g s in th e C le v e la n d a r e a i s a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e l e c t e d fo o d s e r v i c e an d
la u n d r y an d d r y c le a n in g o c c u p a t io n s (S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 8 ). U n io n s c a l e s , i n d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s ,
a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r b u ild in g c o n s t r u c t i o n ; p r in t in g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; an d m o t o r t r u c k
d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , a n d a l l i e d o c c u p a t io n s .

iii

4

Contents--- Continued
P age
T a b l e s --- C o n tin u e d
A.

7
11
14
15
15
17
18
19
20
22

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l.
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________________________________________

24

B -4.

P a i d h o l i d a y s ____ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

27

B -6.
B -7.

B.

O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s :
A - l.
O f f ic e o c c u p a t io n s — e n an d w o m e n __________________________________________________________________________________________________________
m
A - l a . O f f ic e o c c u p a t io n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n an d w o m e n _________________________________________________________________________________
m
A -2 .
P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — e n a n d w o m e n ___________________________________________________________________________________
m
A - 2 a . P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n an d w o m e n ________________________________________________________
m
A - 3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — e n an d w o m e n c o m b in e d _____________________________________________________________
m
A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n an d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ___________________________________
m
A -4 .
M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
A - 4 a . M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s __________________________________________________________________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ______________________________________________________________________________________________
A - 5 a . C u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ____________________________________________________________________

H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p l a n s ________________________________________________________________________________________________________
M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t io n an d f r e q u e n c y o f p a y m e n t __________________________________________________________________________________

31
32

O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s __________________________________________________________________________________________ ____ __________ __________ ____

33

A p p e n d ix .




iv

Area Wage Survey---The Cleveland, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is aresa i s 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
an d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1 In t h is a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f ie l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t iv e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
s e r v i c e s . M a jo r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s an d th e c o n s t r u c t io n an d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m it te d b e c a u s e th e y te n d to f u r n is h in s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n . S e p a r a t e t a b u la t io n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b li­
c a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a t a a r e sh o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . E a r n i n g s d a t a e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , an d
la t e s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s an d in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e re w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e
s t a n d a r d w o rk w e e k (ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a t e s . I n d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d jo b
s t a f f in g a n d , t h u s , c o n tr ib u te d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n an d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s h o u ld
n ot b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y
c o n tr ib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n an d w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w ith in th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th a n t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a llo w f o r m in o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e ig h t. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s an d E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e o f th e
fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a in t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t; an d (4) c u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t. O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in te r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y
a r e l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a t a fo llo w in g
th e jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v id e en o u gh
d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y an d n ot th e n u m b e r
a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te
th e r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p le m e n t a r y W age P r o v i s i o n s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




1

I n f o r m a tio n i s p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th e y
r e l a t e to p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s . A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , an d
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , an d c o n s t r u c t i o n ' w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t il i z e d
a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e

2
w o rk in g f o r e m e n an d a l l n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g l e a d m e n an d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
"O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c tio n s .
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s an d r o u te m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u str ie s.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p tim u m
s a m p l in g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , an d th e p r o b a b i li t y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n tr a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b le i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m an d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta (t a b le B - 2 ) a r e lim it e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n fo r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, an d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift a t th e t im e o f th e
su rv ey .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a jo r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d to a m a jo r i t y o f th e s h if t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s (ta b le B - 3 ) o f a m a jo r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d a s a p p ly in g to
a l l o f the p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a i d h o l id a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n
p la n s ; an d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on th e b a s i s th a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l
p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s o f in d iv id u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 th r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f
ro u n d in g .
D a t a on p a id h o lid a y s (t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a ta on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v id e d f o r
in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o th e r d a y o ff.
The fir s t
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.




p a r t of th e p a id h o lid a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le a n d h a lf
h o lid a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le a n d h a lf
h o lid a y s to sh o w t o t a l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s (ta b le B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s . It i s n ot in te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u la t e d a s a p p ly in g to a l l p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th e r th a n a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u iv ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s an d
t h o s e w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c
p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f su c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , an d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a ta on h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s (t a b le B - 6 ) in ­
c lu d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t . S u c h p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it te n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y an d t h o s e p r o v id e d th r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e
f o r t h is p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n
if th e m a jo r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e to b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p la n , e v e n if l e s s th a n a m a jo r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e r e r e q u ir e d to c o n tr ib u te t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p la n .
Le­
g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to th a t ty p e of
i n s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e i n s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
I n f o r m a tio n i s
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s to w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H ow ­
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k an d N ew J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u i r e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s , 3 p la n s
a r e in c lu d e d o n ly if th e e m p lo y e r (1) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e th a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h ic h e x c e e d the
r e q u ir e m e n t s o f th e la w .
T a b u la t io n s o f p a id s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e
lim i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w h ich p r o v id e f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e
w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
S e p a ra te
t a b u la t io n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) p l a n s w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p a y
an d no w a itin g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a itin g p e r io d . In a d d itio n to th e p r e s e n t a t io n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d s i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l i s sh o w n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e
e it h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
formal provisions covering
contributions.
if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.

3
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a jo r m e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s an d i n ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
th e n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l iz a t io n , m e d i c a l , an d s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t i a l
p a y m e n t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
S u c h p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r it te n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th e y m a y
b e p a id f o r b y th e e m p lo y e r out o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r t h i s p u r p o s e .
T a b u la t io n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e p la n s
th a t p r o v id e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f th e w o r k e r 's l i f e .
M e th o d of w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n (t a b le B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
t y p e s o f r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a id u n d e r v a r i o u s t im e an d in ­
c e n tiv e s y s t e m s . U n d e r a s in g le r a t e s t r u c t u r e th e s a m e r a t e i s p a id
to a l l e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n in d iv id ­
u a l w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y b e p a id a b o v e o r b e lo w th e s in g le r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t io n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s th e m in im u m a n d / o r m a x im u m r a t e p a id e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e jo b . I n f o r m a tio n a l s o i s p r o v id e d on the
m e th o d of p r o g r e s s i o n th r o u g h th e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f th e in d iv id u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m in e
th e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a tio n on t y p e s o f in c e n tiv e p la n s i s p r o v id e d o n ly
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e o f the low in c id e n c e o f s u c h p la n s f o r o f f ic e
w o rk ers.
U n d e r a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e i s p a id
f o r e a c h u n it o f o u tp u t. P r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d on p r o d u c t io n
o v e r a q u o ta o r c o m p le t io n o f a jo b in l d s s th a n s t a n d a r d t im e .
Com ­
p e n s a t io n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of v a lu e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b in a t io n o f a s t a t e d s a l a r y
p lu s a p e r c e n t a g e .
D ata
t a b le B - 7 .

on f r e q u e n c y

of w age

paym en t

a lso

are

p r o v id e d

in

4

T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1968
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

I n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

T o t a l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

A ll e s ta b lish m e n ts
A ll d iv isio n s—

1, 114

M a n u fa c t u r in g
_____
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o th e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s 5 _________________ ____ _
___ —
W h o le s a le t r a d e .
— —
R e t a i l t r a d e - _----- --- --- ------ ---- ------ --------- ----F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v i c e s 7 ----------------------------------------------------

319

4 0 2 ,5 0 0

100

2 5 9 ,1 0 0

6 7 ,3 0 0

2 7 0 , 170

100
-

474
640

151
168

2 4 7 ,6 0 0
1 5 4 ,9 0 0

62
38

1 7 1 ,9 0 0
8 7 , 200

3 4 ,5 0 0
3 2 ,8 0 0

1 7 2 ,|7 0 0
9 7 ,4 7 0

100
50
100
50
50

70
196
89
118
167

29
35
33
31
40

3 7 ,7 0 0
2 2 ,0 0 0
5 3 ,2 0 0
19, 600
2 2 ,4 0 0

9
5
13
5
6

17, 300
1 1 , 100
4 3 , 700
800
(8)

1

7 , 100
6 , 000
4 , 700
1 2 ,0 0 0
(8 )

2 9 ,2 4 0
6 ,4 5 0
4 3 ,2 4 0
1 0 ,2 1 0
8 , 330

L a r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
A l l d i v i s i o n s ____ _

._

___

.

M a n u fa c t u r in g N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g - _____ _
___
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5
W h o le s a le t r a d e —
R e t a i l t r a d e __
—
___ ___ F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v ic e s 7 -

-

147

120

2 4 7 ,4 0 0

100

1 6 8 ,8 0 0

3 9 ,4 0 0

2 2 9 , 600

300
-

101
46

77
43

1 7 0 ,3 0 0
7 7 , 100

69
31

1 2 0 ,9 0 0
4 7 , 900

2 4 ,0 0 0
1 5 ,4 0 0

1 5 4 ,2 0 0
7 5 ,4 0 0

500
500
500
500
500

12
5
19
6
4

12
4
17
6
4

2 5 ,0 0 0
3, 200
4 0 , 500
6, 000
2 ,4 0 0

10
1
16
3
1

1 1 ,3 0 0
1 ,6 0 0
33, 400
(’ )
(8 )

5 ,9 0 0
800
3 ,8 0 0
4, 800
(8 )

2 5 ,0 0 0
2, 600
3 9 ,4 0 0
6 , 000
2 ,4 0 0

1 T h e C l e v e l a n d S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f C u y a h o g a , G e a u g a , L a k e , a n d M e d in a C o u n t ie s .
The
" w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
The e stim a te s
a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s
th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d . L o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i o n s a n d a n e l e c t r i c u t il it y ( s u p p ly in g l e s s th a n h a l f th e e l e c t r i c i t y c o n s u m e d in th e C l e v e l a n d
a r e a ) a r e m u n ic i p a ll y o w n ed a n d a r e e x c l u d e d b y d e f in itio n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
6 E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s to r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o n ly .
W o r k e r s f r o m th e e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in " a l l
i n d u s t r y " e s t i m a t e s in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
7 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c lu d in g
r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
8 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s not
d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
9 W o r k e r s f r o m t h i s e n t ir e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s no t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g i v e n in fo o tn o te 8 a b o v e .




.
O v e r t h r e e - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e C l e v e l a n d a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s ,
fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
In d u str y g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ________________________ ——
— 16
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s - _ _____— ______________ ______ 15
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ___________________________________ 14
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s __________________________________ 13
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d s u p p l i e s —. _______________________12
C h e m i c a l s a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s _______________________________5
P r in t in g a n d p u b lis h in g _______________________________________ 5

The

M o to r v e h i c l e s a n d e q u ip m e n t_______________________________ 9
B l a s t f u r n a c e a n d b a s i c s t e e l p r o d u c t s ___________________ 7
M e ta lw o r k in g m a c h in e r y _________________
6
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ____________________________________________ 5
M e t a l s t a m p i n g s _______________________________________________ 5

T h i s in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu siv e of e a r n in g s for o v e r tim e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w ee k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and
late s h if ts .
Th e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d ex es
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d (d a t e o f the a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 961).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e of the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
These e stim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n te n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s i n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

L im it a t io n s of D ata

M e th o d o f C o m p u t i n g
T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith out a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e clin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n sid e ra b ly b e c a u s e h igh er-p ay in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se con stan t w eigh ts r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym en ts w h erev er p o ssib le .
Th e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
Th e r e s u l t a n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n ti n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r the f o l l o w in g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Electricians
Secretaries
operators, class B
Machinists
Stenographers, general
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Mechanics
A and B
Stenographer, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
Cleiks, file, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
Painters
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Cleiks, order
class B
Tool and die makers
Cleiks, payroll
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls
Laborers, material handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v ertim e.
W h e re n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2.

I n d e x e s of S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s in
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1968 a n d S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 7 , an d P e r c e n t s of I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
^Tn3exe^™
(S e p te m b e r 1960=100)

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p

Septem ber
1968

Septem ber
1967

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e
Septem ber
1967
to
Septem ber
1968

Septem ber
1966
to
Septem ber
1967

Septem ber
1965
to
Septem ber
1966

Septem ber
1964
to
Septem ber
1965

Septem ber
1963
to
Septem ber
1964

A ll in d u strie s:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n )—
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ---------------U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________

1 2 5 .8
1 3 8 .4
1 3 4 .6
131.1

120.0
1 2 6 .8
123.4
121.1

4.9
9 .2
9.1
8 .2

4.0
5 .5
3.6
4 .6

2 .3
4.4
4 .3
2 .2

3.1
4.1
3 .4
2.7

1.4
.9
1.1
1.6

M an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w o m en )_
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t (m e n ) _
____

1 2 3 .7
1 3 8 .2
13 4 .3
1 2 8 .2

1 1 8 .9
1 2 6 .7
1 2 2 .9
1 2 0 .8

4.0
9.1
9 .2
6.1

4 .5
5.4
3 .3
3.6

2 .3
4.4
4.3
3.1

2.9
4.1
3 .4
2.8

.5
.9
.9
1.5

Septem ber
1962
to
Septem ber
1963

Septem ber
1961
to
Septem ber
1962

Septem ber
1960
to
Septem ber
1961

Septem ber
1959
to
Septem ber
1960

A ll in d u str ie s:
_
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____ ______________ __ ______ __ ________ _________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __ ___________________________ _______ ____________
_ _
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________
—
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __ — _
___

2.5
3.3
3.1
2 .9

2 .7
2 .9
3.4
3.1

2.6
3 .0
2.5
2 .3

4.0
3.1
3 .2
2 .9

M an ufactu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____ __________ -____________________ ____________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n an d w o m e n ) — _________________ ____________ -___ - ______________ __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ---- ------------ ______ __________ _________ ___ _____ ____ __ __ __ «___
—
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t (m e n )
_ ___
— ——

2.6
3.3
3 .0
3 .4

2 .4
2 .9
3 .4
2 .6

2 .4
3 .0
2 .S
2 .2

3 .0
3.1
3.1
4.2




7
A. Occupational Earnings
Tabic A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
W eek ly e a r n in g s1
(standard )
A ve rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
( standard)

Sex , occu pa tion, and in d u stry d iv isio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

55

$

70

$

75

$

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

$

$

120

125

130

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

21

7
14
11

55
29
26
5

92
67
25
16

54
45
9
7

46
39

1

65

$

80

31
18
13

60

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

14
9

19
16

15

8

13
13

58
34
24
24

83
22
61
61

122
23
99
99

64
34
30
30

39
29
10
10

56
29
27
27

’2
2

-

24
13
11
9

4

3

10
9

7
5

9
7

8
8

4
4

7
7

1
1

2

l

-

-

-

-

-

' -

-

-

1
1

3
1
2
2

-

-

-

6

$

$

140

$

150

i

160

i

i

170

180

180

over

M ean 2

under

60

65

70

75

80

MEN

S

C LE R K S . ACCOUNTING, CLA SS A ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------P U BLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------

356
248
108
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

C LE R K S , ACCOUNTING, CLA SS B ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

109
74

3 9 .5 1 1 9 .5 0 120.00 1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 2 2 .5 0 1 2 1 .5 0 1 1 3 . 5 0 1 3 4 .5 0

569

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

C LE R K S , ORDER -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------

226

343
341

C LE R K S , P A Y R O L L ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

71
58

O FFIC E BCYS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------P U BLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------FINANCE4---------------------------------------

318
122

196
30
115

1 4 3 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 4 3 .5 0

1 2 8 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 2 6.50
1 2 6 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0

1 3 1 .5 0 1 3 4 .5 0 1 2 3 .5 0 1 2 4 .5 0 -

1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0 1 2 0 .5 0 1 1 7 .5 0 1 1 7 .5 0 -

14
14
14

1 4 3 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0

3 9 .5 1 2 9 .0 0 1 2 7 .0 0 1 1 2 . 5 0 3 9 .5 1 3 2 .0 0 1 3 0 .5 0 1 1 9 . 5 0 -

22

1 4 6 .0 0
1 5 0 .5 0

3 8 .5 8 6 .0 0 8 2 .5 0
3 9 .5 8 7 .5 0 8 3 .5 0
3 8 .0 8 4 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 0 8 .0 0 1 1 8 .0 0
3 6 .5
8 1 .0 0 8 2 .5 0

7 4 .5 0 7 7 .0 0 7 3 .5 0 8 9 .0 0 7 4 .5 0 -

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

~

24
24
24

1
1

11
11
11

8
8
8

8
7

4
1

11
6
5

10
6
4
2
-

27
10
17
17
1

28
10
18
18

2

1
1

6
6
-

1

3

28
4
24
1
13

55
20
35
17

31*
15
16
3
8

85
34
51
3
42

48
14
34
1
29

-

3

7
-

7

9
8
1
1

5
3
2
2

13
9
4
4

12
2
10
10

3

8 9 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

6

9

7

4

14

19

15

3

-

-

-

-

—

2

-

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
85
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

131

3 9 .0 1 3 8 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 2 2 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

63

3 9 .5 1 2 3 .5 0 1 1 9 . CO 1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 1 8 .0 0 1 1 6 .0 0 1 0 3 . 0 0 1 3 0 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 2 9 .5 0 1 3 0 . CO 1 0 6 . 0 0 1 4 6 .5 0

55

3 9 .0 110.00 1 1 1 .5 0

9 8 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

68

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------------------WOMEN
B IL L E R S , MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE I ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------

273
79
194
90

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

9 0 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

8 2 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 - 9 4 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 1 0 3 .5 0
8 3 .0 0 - 9 0 .5 0

B IL L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

133
51
82

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

9 0 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

9 1 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

8 1 .0 0 - 9 8 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 1 0 5 .0 0
7 3 .5 0 - 9 1 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

161
84
77

1 2 0 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 7 .5 0 1 0 1 . 5 0 3 9 .5 1 1 3 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 3 . 5 0 1 2 1 .5 0
3 8 .0 1 0 4 .5 0 1 0 6 .5 0 9 3 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0

417
205

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1
1

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le ,




212
122

9 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

9 4 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

8 6 .0 0 1 0 3 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 1 0 2.50
9 2 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0

4
1
3

20
15
5

7
2
5

16
7
9

7
7
-

14
11
3

5
3
2

10
6
4

17
7
10

13
5

4
4

8

—

2

1
2
—

2

7

74
—
—
4

-

-

2

-

-

8

7

4

4

9

10

2

3

4

12

6

14
14
8

53
15
38
31

55
30
25
24

5
2
3
1

30
9
21

12
1
11

1
1
-

6
3
3

i

-

6
-

32
7
25
25

24

-

20
11
9
i

2

-

12

2

24

i

-

-

-

—

-

7

25
2
23

20
4
16

26
22
4

6

3

13
3
10

11

28
24
4

39
18
21

7
7
-

14
7
7

21
12
9

5
5
-

12
5
7

_

1
1
-

-

-

-

1
1
-

—

11

6
1
5

-

3

•

-

65
54
11
2

44
22
22
7

75
28
47
30

58
32
26
17

72
10
62
47

23
20
3
-

25
11
14
12

13
8
5
-

11
11

1

-

-

—

1
1

-

-

-

-

—

9

16

9

16

-

7
5
2

-

7
3
-

1
1

1
1
-

9
2
7
-

18
6
12
7

-

4
2

-

-

1

2

—

-

1
-

-

—

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

S e x , occu pa tion, and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

t -------- r
1 ------- s
55
60
65
M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

t
70

75

CONTINUED

t
90

t
95

$
100

s

t

S

105

110

1 15

i
1 20

t
125

t

$
13C

140

$
150

»
1 60

$
170

an d
under

180
an d

60
WOMEN -

1 ------- 1 ------- t
80
85

65

70

75

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

1 25

130

14C

1 50

160

1 70

180

over

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

3
3
—

21
16
5
-

30
13
17
7

64
43
21
6

-

1
4

4
6

6
5

73
20
53
4
6
16
21

74
32
42
2
2
29
6

108
19
89
28
24
8
24

90
66
24
2
10
5
6

1 22
74
48
18
20
1
5

1 10
61
49
2
18
1
17

91
73
18
l
2
1
5

71
44
27
7
1
13

60
44
16
9
2
1
1

30
22
8
3
1
1

10
9
i
i
-

4
3
1
1
-

-

-

“

-

-

4

27
7
20

112
18
94
-

166
54
112
2

-

-

-

236
92
144
9
36
44
49

324
157
167
15
27
53
63

276
116
160
10
32
36
60

210
90
120
10
36
26
29

143
59
84
21
23
7
30

160
105
55
10
19
6
20

104
58
46
26
1
3
15

86
45
41
4
24
5
8

30
17
13
6

25
24
1

33
27
6
4

18
14
4

9
9

2
2

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
48
15

77
26

-

16
4
12

27
5
22

17
6
11

23
15
8

1
-

8
3
5

18
9
9

58
30
28
27

4
4

80

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RE T A IL TRADE --------------------------------F IN AN C E4 ------------------------------------------

965
546
419
91
86
73
114

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8.0

$
1 1 5.50
118.50
1 1 2.00
1 1 6.00
114.50
101.00
1 1 0.00

$
115 .5 0
1 1 9 . CO
1 0 9.00
1 1 0 . CO
1 1 5 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 8.00

$
$
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C L A S S B ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------R E TA IL TRADE -------------------------------F IN AN C E4 ------------------------------------------

1,965
894
1 ,071
117
208
323
320

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

89.00
9 3 .5 0
85.5 0
97.0 0
90.0 0
7 9 .5 0
86.5 0

87.0 0
9 0 . CO
8 5 . CO
9 8 . CO
9 0 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
85.5 0

7 9 .0 0 - 99.0 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
7 6 .5 0 - 94.5 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 - 99.0 0
7 1 .5 0 - 8 6 .5 0
7 8 .5 0 - 94.0 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S A ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

153
64
89

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

94.0 0
9 3 .0 0
95.0 0

9 1 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0

•

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

14
5
9

14
14

1

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------R E T A IL TRADE -------------------------------FINA NC E4 ------------------------------------------

690
204
486
77
78
52
240

3 8.5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 9.5
3 7.0

81.5 0
88 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
78.0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 5 .5 0

8 0 . CO
8 5 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
7 3 . CO
7 5 .5 0

7 2 .5 0 - 8 8 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 - 99.0 0
7 1 .0 0 - 84 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
6 8 .0 0 - 84 .0 0
7 0 .0 0 - 78.0 0
7 1 .0 0 - 82.00

14

14

14

14

81
13
68

133
24
109

32
13
19
5

2
1
1

-

47
18
29
5
3
4
13

45
30
15

*
-

145
40
105
15
24
1
57

-

-

-

11

4
6

4

1

1

C L E R K S , F I L E , C LA SS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------FINA NC E4 ------------------------------------------

528
127
401
58
266

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8.5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

72.5 0
7 4 .5 0
71.5 0
7 1 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

7 2 . CO
7 4 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
7 2 . CO

6 8 .0 0 6 9 .0 0 6 8 .0 0 6 6 .5 0 6 8 .5 0 -

76.0 0
79.0 0
75 .0 0
76.0 0
74 .5 0

10

2
2

2

2

5

-

2

2

5

C L E R K S , ORDER ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RE T A IL TRAOE --------------------------------

602
245
357
211
103

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

89.5 0
94.0 0
86 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
71.5 0

87.5 0
90.0 0
8 6 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
7 4 . CO

7 7 .5 0 - 99.0 0
7 9 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
7 6 .5 0 - 95.5 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
6 4 . 0 0 - 8C.OO

-

C L E R K S , PAYROLL -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------R E T A IL TRAOE ---------------------------------

758
435
323
71
80
76

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9.0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5

105 .0 0
109.50
99 .5 0
115.50
100.50
9 0 .0 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
102.50
1 0 4 .5 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
1 0 1 . CO
8 7 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0 1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
1 0 0.50
9 2 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
7 3 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------'--------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------R E TA IL TRADE --------------------------------

450
223
227
30
78
109

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8.5

9 7 .0 0
102.00
92 .0 0
1 20.50
87.5 0
8 6 .5 0

9 2 .0 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
88 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 - 98.5 0
12 6 .0 0 1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
8 5 . CO 8 2 . 0 0 - 9 0 . 5 0
86 .5 0
7 6 .5 0 - 96.5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------------------FI NANCE4 ------------------------------------------

712
473
239
45
92
77

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

99.5 0
99.5 0
100.00
1 0 7.50
97.5 0
97.5 0

9 8 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 0 6 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

4
—
-

4

-

11
-

—

10
-

10




-

-

-

6

_

_

_

_

_

-

2
1
1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

3
2
1

_

_

-

13
8
5
5

-

2
2

8
8

1
1

-

—

_
-

-

-

-

3

-

-

~

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

_

19
19

4
4

-

-

-

_
-

12
4
8
8

-

_
-

32
27
5
3

45
21
24
19

25
22
3
3

19
18
1

_

_

_

-

_

1

2

2

-

12
5
7
7

17
-• 15
2
_
_

-

-

11
3
8
6

5
4

2
2

185
32
153
4
126

99
31
68
17
44

24
14
10

15
9
6

8

5

36

23
9
14

40
24
16
3
10

108
33
75
43
25

61
33
28
1
10

63
25
38
21
13

83
24
59
58
1

48
31
17
14

73
16
57
54

18
9
9
9

10
3
7
1

66
39
27
9
5

46
17
29
2
3
9

83
51
32
5
17
3

91
68
23
4
8
11

92
42
50
10
24
8

50
16
34
11
1

49
21
28
5
14
4

45
30
15
7

1

26
4
22
22

2

61
50
11
2
4
3

10

13

26
6
20
8
12

68
21
47
1
31
14

81
45
36
18
15

60
27
33
16
15

44
28
16
5
2
9

33
21
12
1

18
14
4

-

-

10
8
2

9

4

19
10
9
5
1
3

23
14
9
8
1

2

14
9
5
2
1
2

10
3
7
6

56
33
23
6
5
12

77
70
7
3
“

104
55
49
1
32
13

115
70
45
3
19
19

98
55
43
5
18
14

79
61
18
2
6
7

49
33
16
3
5
6

30
25
5
1
1
3

18
10
8
3
3
2

31
22
9
8

-

11

-

11

1

-

-

11
2

-

1
1
1
-

1

-

-

10
10

-

13

—

-

26
26
-

"

'

—

-

1
1
-

13

"
S e e fo otn o tes at end of table.

-

160
37
123
34
60

~

—
—

3

24
2
22
3
13

36

—
-

i

2

22
70

33

-

-

3
11

-

-

-

-

1
-

32
10
20

—
—

—
—
*•
-

1

-

i
2
1

101
23
78
19
8
8
43

-

14

-

_

-

—

1

—
-

_

—

-

i
i

-

~

3
3
_
-

6
6

_
-

1

_

-

•
•

_
_

-

_

-

-

-

_
—

_
_
_
_

_
-

_

_

_
_
_

_

-

~

-

1
1

-

—
-

_

_

—
_
_
-

—
_
—
-

_

_

“

—

“

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A v e rag e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r se le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S e x , occu pa tion, and in d u str y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
f standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of —
$

i

55
M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

t

S

60

65

$
70

t

$

$
75

80

85

$
90

$
95

$

$
100

105

$
110

$
115

S

$
12 0

125

t
13 0

*
140

15 0

1------- $
160
170

an d
under

60

$
180
an d
over

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

14C

150

160

170

180

26
8
18
15
1

22

176
17
159
55
35
18
43

171
81
90
27
28
12
23

161
71
90
22
14
4
35

173
84
89
13
29
3
43

101
32
69
8
41
1
15

47
24
23
1
14

42
27
15
13
2

23
23
-

17
13
4
2

22
18
4
4

36
6
30
30

46
14
32
32

14
14
-

3
3
-

~
-

-

-

-

WOMEN - CONTINUED
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------R E T A IL TRADE --------------------------------FINANCE4-------------------------------------------

1,175
497
678
205
188
51
198

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 7.5

91.0 0
9 4 .0 0
89.0 0
9 9 .0 0
86 .0 0
78.0 0
83.5 0

I..C 0
90.5 0
86.0 0
9 0 .0 0
8 8 . CO
7 8 .5 0
8 4 . CO

9 8 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 - 95.5 0
7 9 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
7 8 .5 0 - 96.5 0
7 5 .0 0 - 83.5 0
7 6 .5 0 - 9 1 .5 0

O FFIC E G IR L S -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

283
127
156

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .5

7 6 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

7 4 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 3 . CO

7 0 .0 0 7 1 .5 0 6 8 .0 0 -

S E C R E T A R IE S 5--------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S 3------- -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------R E T A IL TRADE --------------------------------FINANCE4-------------------------------------------

3 ,764
2 ,272
1,4 9 2
283
241
172
600

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 7 .5

121 .5 0
1 24.50
117.50
131 .0 0
118.00
1 12.50
1 1 2 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 4 . CO
1 1 6 . CO
132 .0 0
1 1 5 . CO
111 .5 0
111.C O

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S , CLA SS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------

405
273
132
52

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

142.00
143.50
139.00
129.50

138 .0 0
141 .0 0
1 3 5 . CO
127 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S , C LA SS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------FINANCE4-------------------------------------------

967
537
430
64
74
197

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

1 2 7 .5 0
12 9 .5 0
1 25.00
143.00
12 4 .0 0
11 9 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 2 0 . CO
1 1 7.50

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 4 0 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0

—
-

S E C R E T A R IE S , CLA SS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------R E T A IL TRADE --------------------------------FINANCE4------------------;-------------------------

1 ,5 0 7
939
568
131
81
75
237

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 18.50
1 2 1 .0 0
11 4 .5 0
1 2 9.50
1 1 1.50
1 0 8.50
1 0 8 .5 0

1 1 8 . CO
1 2 0.50
1 1 4 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0
10 6 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

r-

S E C R E T A R IE S , C LA SS 0 -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------FINANCE4--------------------------------------------

842
481
361
142

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 0 9.00
11 3 .0 0
1 0 4.00
1 0 2 .5 0

10 7 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

9 6 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
1 0 0 . 5 0 - 1 2 6 . CO
9 3 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

_
—
“

-

6
3
3
1

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------P U BLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE4-------------------------------------------

1 ,5 2 6
814
712
279
98
257

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

9 6 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
87.0 0

9 4 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
10 1 .0 0
86.0 0

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 - 9 5 .0 0

—
-

7
7
-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------FINANCE4--------------------------------------------

1 ,1 2 9
676
453
127
82
216

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 4.00
106 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 6.50
9 9 .0 0

1 1 1.00
1 1 4 .5 0
10 6 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0
10 8 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

9 7 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

See fo otn otes at end of table.




8 3 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

-

2

3
5

95
48
47
8
9
30

-

35
7
28

32
13
19

87
38
49

44
19
25

26
21
5

27
10
17

13
7
6

5
4
1

9
3
6

3
3

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_

6
3
3

11
6
5
4

26
12
14
1
7

38
10
28
4
2
1
21

99
55
44
7
4
12
18

195
98
97
9
5
12
61

247
106
141
10
37
12
77

330
178
152
16
29
27
50

300
176
124
16
20
16
54

259
150
109
11
25
18
38

349
18 2
1 67
13
29
15
85

309
1 99
110
27
12
17
34

355
240
115
21
17
14
49

518
354
1 64
49
32
9
52

313
220
93
46
14
12
12

176
127
49
16
4
3
14

1 16
71
45
25
3
2
15

72
60
12
3
4
1
2

45
25
20
10
4
6

-

_
-

_
-

5
5
-

_
-

3
3
-

-

-

18
5
13
8

29
17
12
8

21
13
8
2

35
31
4
~

101
55
46
21

44
40
4

~

14
5
9
8

35
29
6
-

41
30
11
*

35
29
6
2

24
11
13
3

23
16
7
7

17
8
9

51
20
31

50
25
25

-

-

-

6
20

ii
9

57
25
32
3
23

64
34
30
—
6
16

112
48
64
12
42

69
37
32
2
1
13

120
65
55
9
13
21

1 37
10 3
34
4
7
20

113
72
41
13
7
9

64
36
28
6
3
5

48
16
32
21
2
9

23
17
6
2
2

16
13
3
2
1
~

164
88
76
8
17
13
34

149
105
44
7
3
10
24

110
72
38
2
9
7
20

126
75
51
9
3
7
27

1 59
96
63
22
9
7
15

143
100
43
12
4
3
15

203
13 7
66
37
4
3
13

106
66
40
25
7
6
1

59
46
13
5
1
7

23
21
2
1
1
-

9
9
“

1
1
-

-

—

-

-

-

14
8
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

~

*
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

_
-

6
6
-

3
1
2
1
1

10
4
6
2
1
3

29
10
19
3
7
8

90
56
34
1
6
17

117
46
71
2
13
4
52

5
5
4

21
10
11
6

27
5
22
18

47
29
18
10

83
29
54
36

79
40
39
5

113
62
51
7

80
41
39
7

67
39
28
2

82
42
40
16

59
52
7
3

54
41
13
13

74
56
18
1C

35
27
8
“

4
3
1
“

2
2
-

~

4
4
4

29
11
18
4
13

66
34
32
2
16

150
42
108
42
19
46

164
61
103
48
8
45

190
114
76
11
12
39

178
90
88
41
2
35

127
85
42
15
5
15

170
79
91
9
15
42

135
93
42
18
20
1

84
61
23
6
17
-

90
81
9
9

40
31
9
9

41
17
24
23

52
7
45
4C

3
1
2
2

*

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

5

-

-

*

-

4

8
8
8

4
4

37
10
27
7
5
15

59
28
31
5
26

109
57
52
20
29

112
54
58
7
18
31

88
58
30
4
7
19

112
44
68
20
20
28

142
99
43
9
9
16

1 31
93
38
10
12
14

92
64
28
4
8
16

83
53
30
19
-

38
29
9
9
-

-

10
5
5
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

—

1
1
-

-

_
~
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1
-

-

2

-

4

-

4

5

100
82
18
8
3
6

“

“

-

-

~

~

10
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n i n g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t e m b e r 19 68)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
t

t

55
M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

60

t

65

t

70

t

(

*

*

*

t

*

$

*

$

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

t

$
160

150

150

*

$

S

160

170

180

160

170

180

over

-

-

and
under

an d

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

160

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

12
8
6

10

10
8
2

20
6

8
6
2

19
9

9

7
3

10

-

25
25
-

17

15

69

23

62

-

19
13

38

35
9
26

12
6
6
2

n

15

33
9
26

23
15

16
-

18
9
9
“

WO ME N - CONT IN UE D
$
111.50
112.50
109.50
117.00

$
$
$
111.50
99 .0 0- 12 5. 00
111.50
98.00- 12 5. 50
112.50 100.50-125.00
119.00 112.50-127.00

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

136
79
57
35

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

357
78
269
52
70
59

39.5
86.CO
87.00
39.5
98.50 101.00
83.50
81.50
39.5
50.0 102.50 105.50

SW IT CH BO AR D C P E R A T O R - R EC EP TI CN IS TS MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WH OLESALE TRADE ----------------

657
332
315
132

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

T A B U L A TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------

95
73

T R A N S C R I BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------F I N A N C E 4------------------------------------------

300
139
161
73

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

1,132
655
577

---------------------------

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

wholesale

r C

trade

L

15
90.00
92.50
87.50
90.50

89.00
92.00
87.00
89.00

82.50- 97.50
86.00-100.00
81 .50- 96.00
83.00- 97.50

_
-

39.5 102.50
39.5 101.00

98.50
95.50

85.50- 11 6. 00
86.00- 10 8. 50

-

91.50
92.00
90.50
86.50

91.00
91.00
91.00
86.50

81.50- 10 0. 00
82.50- 10 3. 50
80.00- 98.00
80 .50- 92.50

“

39.0
50.0
38.0
37.0

118
152

96.50
98.50
89.50
96.50
86.50

1,893
756
1,137

39.0
50.0
38.5

83.50

82.00

80.50

79.50

568

1

1
68
21

6

vwvwv

39.5
39.5
39.0
50.0
39.5
38.0

102

73 .0 0- 10 1. 00
90 .5 0- 10 7. 50
71.00- 96.50
93.00- 11 3. 00

88.00

92.50
96.00

86.00
88.00

83.00
92.00

86.00

83.00-103.50
86 .5 0-108.50
81.00- 96.50
81 .0 0- 10 9. 00
79 .5 0- 90.00
86.00- 98 . CO
76.50- 90.50
78 .5 0- 96.50
72 .5 0- 86.00
70 .5 0- 85.00

15

6

16
9
5

-

*

_
-

-

-

-

66

6
6

8

20
112

6

16
ITJ

8
2

9

1

36
16

22
11

18
125
57

97
51

68

66
21

76
51
25
16

-

8
8

2
1

-

10
8
2

3

4

-

-

-

69
38

39
36
5
4

66

39

21

62

26
18
15

27
15

32
18

60
16
26

26
16

18
15

101

211

106
58

169
106
63
5

-

19
32

77
136
28
65
38

68
6
12

10

11

ii

1

8
2

150
96
56

71
65
26

79
59

4
4

5

11
11

16

36

29

15

56
16
38

186
27
157

269
79
190

308
96
216

368
163
225

226
103

160

121

167
76
71

52
33
19

30

101

106

88

106

83

27

12

101
39

-

i

61
13
28
15
37

_

-

2

12

66

_

1

2

7
3

2

-

-

-

-

9
9

59
29
30

_

6

2
2

1

i

10
1C

3

1

4

9
9

10

3
3
3

4
i

16
16

-

4

1
1

3
3

12

-

5
5

6

12
2

2

35
19
16

27
23

-

6

7
5

-

~
-

-

2
2

1
1

_
-

10
10

2
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1

22

-

9

12

18
9
9

12

28
36

2

6
6

19
7

3

6

29
29
-

61
71
33

11

10

36
17
19

-

9

—

18
7

6

12
4

20
1

68
38
30

6

11
8
1

60
28

12

8

4
4

-

3

1

63
37

6
3

i

1

33
16
17

2
1
1

2

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

~

20

20

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

4
-

12
10
2
-

-

-

1

3

_

_

_

-

-

_

13
7
5

-

1

2
16

6

1
2

—

12

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 The m e a n is co m p u te d fo r e a c h jo b by to talin g the e a r n i n g s of a l l w o r k e r s and dividing by the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o sitio n — h alf of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
t h a n th e r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n t h e r a t e s h o w n . T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f t h e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n t h e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e t h a n th e
higher rate.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and other p ub lic u tilities.
4 F in a n c e , in su ra n c e , and r e a l e state.
5 M a y include w o r k e r s o th er than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




11
Table A-la. Office Occupations—
Large Establishments—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t e m b e r 19 68 )
We ek ly e ar ni ng s 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry div isio n

Numb e r
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
*

A ve rage
wee kly
h ours 1
( standard)

$
60

M ean 2

M e di an 2

$
65

$

*
70

75

1
80

*

*
85

90

t
95

t

$
100

105

%

S
110

115

*
120

*

*
125

130

135

140

*

—
1---- i----5
150

160

170

an d
under

Mi ddl e r a n g e 2

180
and

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

over

1

1

-

-

~

-

-

1

1

3
2

3
2

6
4

11
10

6
-

10
8

15

-

11

20
12

1

2

73
60
13

46
37

1
l

1

11

7

46
39
7
4

18
14
4
4

7
5
2
2

5

1

5
4

6
4

2

8
6

3
-

6
6

2

3

MEN
C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

C LA SS

266
206
60
39

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 4 7 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0

1 4 8 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0

1 3 7 .5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 4 2 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 4 8 .0 0

1 4 4 .5 0

1 3 3 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0 -1 6 1 .5 0

B --------

61

3 9 .5

1 1 8 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

C L E R K S , ORDER ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

135

1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0

1 4 2 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

O FF IC E BOYS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

150
86
64

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 9 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

8 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

7 7 .5 0 9 8 .5 0
7 9 .5 0 - 9 7 .0 0
7 5 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A ---------------------------------------------

73

4 0 .0

1 3 6 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 4 9 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

88
60

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS B ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

135
75
60

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

9 0 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

8 3 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 - 9 4 .0 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------

455
315
140
80

3
3
3
3

9
9
9
9

.5
.0
.5
.5

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS B --------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------P U BLI C U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------R E TA IL TRADE -----------------------------

745
435

3
3
3
3
3

9
9
9
9
9

.5
.0
.5
.0
.5

9 2 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

1

-

-

8

-

2
6

“

_

_

-

19
9
10

_

-

21
12
9

-

39

1

25

12
10

14

2

_

1

5

9
5
4

1

4
1

18

7

13

2

1

6

2

1

3

-

4
1

8
4

8

9

10

5

8

2

3

1

1

-

2

2
1

14
11

13
10

8
7

6
4

27
26

20
20

28
17

2
2

-

3
3

9

_
-

2
-

1

“

“

4

10
2
8

~

2

“

3

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0

108

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9

6

9

7

4

8

5

14

9

6

1

10
7

7
7

8
5

3
3

6
6

2
2

5
5

13

4
4

8

6
6

1
-

-

-

~

1

-

-

46
16
30
16

50
39
11

38
35
3

26
23
3

17
17
-

46
34

25

7
6

4
3

12

~

1

3

-

8

5
3

20
10
10
6

20
19

15
12
3
-

3
2
1
-

9
9

2
2

5

1

5

WOMEN

1
1
1
1

1
2
1
1

9
1
4
4

.5
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

1
-

1
-

1

1

9
2
7

7
2
5
3
3

0
0
0
0

_

-

-

~

4
4
-

“

-

-

8 8 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

7 8 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0

8
7

8 3 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

7 4 .0 0 - 9 5 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
7 2 .5 0 8 9 .5 0

1
-

39
13
26
-

93
28
65
-

1
1
1
1

1
2
1
0

8
2
2
9

.5
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1

0
0
0
0

6
8
5
5

.5
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

-

1
1
1
1

3
3
2
1

2
5
1
9

.5
.5
.0
.5

24
16
8

23
11
12

23
9
14

12
8
4

5
2
3

8
6

6
4

2

2

3

17
6
11
7

31
23
8
6

17
13
4
4

22
16
6
2

56
19
37
28

43
36
7

2
1
-

“

92
51
41
9
28

106
76

59
28
31
2
24

42
25
17
8
7

48
38
10
l
6

54
33
21
17
3

25
18

30
2
25

8
-

1

26

60

79
39
40
5
32

2

-

31
25
6
4
2

2

54

3 9 .5

1 0 1 .0 0

9 8 .5 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

-

-

1

-

6

7

8

8

1

4

12

2

-

3

1

-

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B --------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------;----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------

280

8 7 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

8 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

7 7 .5 0 - 9 8 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

3
-

11
-

35

4

._

1

11

1

-

-

1

-

“

-

15

5

4
3

2

-

-

“

23
20
19

4

7 5 .5 0 8 8 .5 0
7 9 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

3

8 5 .0 0

-

5

-

-

1

-

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

152
66
86

3 9 .5

7 5 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

7 3 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

6 9 .0 0 6 9 .5 0 6 8 .5 0 -

7 8 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

4
-

42
18
24

42
20

39
17

10
7

4

5

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

22

22

3

C L E R K S , ORDER ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------R E T A IL TRADE -----------------------------

202
100
102

3 9 .5

8 9 .5 0

33
-

2
2

3
3

1
1

16

-

16

3
3

33

4
25

12
4
8

_

3
11

17
7
10

29

1 0 7 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
6 4 .0 0 - 7 9 .5 0

14

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 3 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

99

3 9 .0

7 1 .5 0

7 3 .0 0

6 4 .0 0 -

33

11

10

25

8

20

_

8 1 .5 0

13
8
5

_

12
23

2
1

8 4 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

20
2
18

22
20

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

67
26
41

17
13

158
67

42
13
29
19

43

122

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1
1

1

C L A S S A ---------------------

CLERKS,

FILE,

Se e footnotes at end of tab le .




310
56
224

7 9 .0 0

4

2
2

2

2

2
2

“

2

2

12

9

4

8

11
1

17
17
-

7

3

2

1

1
-

1

5

19

7
2
5

11
11

1

_

4
4

1
1

1
1

1

12

Table A-la. Office Occupations—
Large Establishments—
Men and Women---Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t e m b e r 19 68 )
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

S e x , occu p a tio n, and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

$
weekly

60
Me an 2

( standard)

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$
65

*
70

$

75

$

%

80

85

$
90

$
95

«
100

S
105

t

$
110

115

t
120

t

*
125

130

t

%

135

140

S
150

$
160

t
170

and
under

180
and

65

WOMEN -

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

14C

150

160

170

180

over

0
0
0
0

2
-

l
-

1
-

1
-

2

1

1

15
8
7

21
13
8
4

31
26
5
3

33
15
18
16

11
6
5
3

24
22
2
2

-

-

43
39
4
2

-

~

22
16
6
4

6
6
-

-

25
22
3
1

9
9
-

-

21
13
8
4

21
17
4

-

21
9
12
-

19
12
7

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

1 9 .0 0
2 4 .5 0
0 5 .0 0
3 1 .0 0
9 6.50

1

10
10
-

16
4
12
-

19
10
9
5
3

15
15
-

i
i

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

14
9
5
2
2

4
3
1
1

15

14
10
4
4

8
2
6
6

12

31
21
10
1
9

23
14
9
8

13

28
14
14
5
9

10
8
2
-

10

31
14
17
14

35
16
19
-

1

20
2
18
1
14

i
-

1
-

13
13
-

_
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

59
56
3
-

47
42
5
1

53
46
7
3

67
46
21
5

52
41
11
2

41
31
10
3

28
23
5
1

15
10
5
3

30
21
9
8

6
2
4
4

2
2

4
4
-

2
2
-

_
-

-

-

-

45
31
14
6

2
-

~

9
3
6
6

-

“

-

-

-

47
26
21

100
53
47
25
10

86
50
36
20
10

97
63
34
9
16

56
23
33
8
12

24
19
5
1
1

38
25
13
13

23
23
-

13
13
-

22
18
4
4

36
6
30
30

37
7
30
30

9
7
2
2

14
14
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

48
40
8
i

33
24

CONTINUED
$
1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
130 .5 0

$
$
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 0
1 0 4 .00-130
9 0 .0 0 -1 3 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 4

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38.5

1 0 1 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0
8 6.50

99 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
126 .0 0
8 6.50

8 7 .0 0 -1
9 5 .0 0 -1
8 0 .5 0 -1
1 1 2 .5 0 -1
7 6 .5 0 -

463
361
102
44

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
103 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------f i n a n c e 4 -------------------------------------------

723
378
345
195
76

3
3
3
3
3

.5
.5
.0
.0
.0

9 5 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

90 .5
92 .5
8 7.0
90 .0
8 6 .0

O F F IC E G I R L S ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

144
84
60

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
40 .0

8 1.00
8 0.50
8 1.50

7 9 .0 0
78 .5 0
79 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S 5 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------- -----NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e --------------------------RE T A IL TRADE --------------------------------FI NANCE4 -------------------------------------------

2,0 5 5
1 ,4 2 7
628
166
62
152
241

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0
111 .0 0
1 1 1.50

1 2 5.50
1 2 7.50
1 1 9 .0 0
1 4 0.00
1 2 7 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

1 0 8 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0
1 2 9 .5 0 -1 5 1 .5
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0
9 7 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

166
128

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 9 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0

1 4 8.50
1 4 8.00

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------FIN AN C E4 ------------------------------------------

482
325
157
35

1
1
1
1
1

4
5
4
9
5

.5 0
.0 0
.0 0
.0 0
.0 0

13
13
13
16
12

3
3
0
2
0

.00
.5 0
.00
.00
.00

1 1 8 .5 0 -1 4 8
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 4 6
1 1 7 .00-154
1 5 1 .5 0 -1 6 7
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 4 0

.5
.5
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0
0

-

66

3 9 .5
39.5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------R E T A I L TRADE --------------------------------FIN AN C E4 ------------------------------------------

910
590
320
98
65
121

3 9 .5
39.5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
39.0

124
127
117
134
105
108

.00
.0 0
.5 0
.00
.5 0
.5 0

12
12
11
13
10
10

4
7
6
7
7
6

.0
.0
.5
.0
.0
.5

1
1
1
1

.5
.5
.0
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

481
369
112

3 9 .0
39.0
39.5

1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------F IN AN C E4 ------------------------------------------

870
578
292
217
50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39.5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

99 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

327
233
94
39

*
o

$
1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0

C L E R K S , PAYROLL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------RE T A IL TRADE ---------------------------------

293
142
151
30
108

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------

S e e footn otes at end of table.




9
9
9
9
9

o

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39.5

3
3
3
5
2

9
9
9
8

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
3
4

.0
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

-

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
2

1
0
5
7

.5
.0
.5
.0

.5
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

8 1 .0 0 -1
8 4 .0 0 -1
7 8 .5 0 -1
7 9 .5 0 -1
7 7 .0 0 -

0 7 .0 0
0 9 .5 0
0 0 .0 0
2 7 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

1
1
-

17
11
6
3

10

100
17
83
53
14

7 3 .5 0 7 2 .0 0 7 6 .0 0 -

8 7 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
8 8.00

_
-

14
11
3

32
24
8

33
11
22

19
14
5

23
10
13

6
4
2

5
4
i

7
1
6

3
3

1
1

_
_

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

1
-

5
-

15
6

-

1
~
1

5

9

19
7
12

72
35
37
2

159
95
64

203
158
45
ii

181
157
24
12
4

135
87
48
28

27
29

16
19

15
16

14
16

4

4

10
25

2
11

237
177
60
40
8
6
6

113
88
25
14
1
2
8

89
55
34
22

10
20

143
93
50
9
5
15
21

186
137
49

~
1
11

155
103
52
5
5
14
27

129
83
46

i
6

76
45
31
-

-

56
37
19
1
12
6

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

“

4
i

10
6

9
6

30

-

6
5

10

“

1
1

20
17

2
1
1

1
1

5
5
-

6
5
1

4
2
2

26
13
13

22
12
10

26
20
6

39
21
18

38
26
12

33

-

2

8

9

3

12

33
16
17
-

39
14
25
2

74
37
37

82
52
30

0 8 .5 0 -1
1 3 .0 0 -1
0 3 .0 0 -1
2 6 .0 0 -1
9 9 .5 0 -1
9 8 .0 0 -1

3
3
3
4
1
1

6
8
5
2
8
8

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

9 8 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
8 5 .5
8 9 .5
8 0 .5
8 2 .0
7 4 .0

0
0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1
-

1 4 .0 0
1 3 .0 0
2 1 .5 0
2 7 .5 0
8 7.00

-

_

-

-

-

“

-

_
~
-

_
-

4
1
3

1

14

-

-

-

53
47
6

39
38

45
40

_

_

3

2
2

-

-

5

35
27
8

4

1

9
8
1

1

-

-

-

30
21
9
9

39
15
24
23

39

8

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

59
45
14

45
34

32
23

27
23

11

9

4

83
64
19
13

7

5

4

92
74
18
13
1

6

6

62
48
14
9
2

84
79
5

8

79
63
16
10
1

62

46

82
67
15
3

82
28
54
38
13

-

-

2

29
19
10

5
4
1

-

1

36
23
13

1
1

92
38
54

55

-

-

36
28
8

5
9

1
1

-

23
21
2
1

4

6

-

53
45
8
5

8
15

4

2

9
9

5

90
60
30
25

4

5

16
13
3
2

73
34
39
27
2
7

13
18

-

21
17
4
-

2

96
85
11
7
1
2

4

1

16
10

97
72
25
10
3
8

19

-

18
14

84
56
28
6
7
6

4

-

22
16

67
43
24
5
7
9

33
7
-

75
56
19
7
4

7

i
2

3

13

“

27

2

1

7

14

6

13
12

6
1
-

4

5

4

10

7

9

3

42
16
26
19
5

1
2

5

4

7

40

-

1

7

4

30
23
7
-

1
1

-

9
9

56
40
16
1
7

67
39
28
2
7
14

“

-

3
7

15
4
11
-

-

-

3

3
1
2
-

“

27
13
14

4

5

2

3
1

34
34

6
6

2
2

21
12
6

13

Table A-la. Office Occupations—
Large Establishments—
Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u str y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

*

Average
weekly
(standard)

$
60

Me,- 3

Median 2

Middle range 2

70

$
75

*
85

S
90

95

$
100

105

t
110

115

120

$
125

t

*
130

135

$

t
140

150

%

160

%

170

180
and

70

75

~

~
-

80

85

90

95

100

105

n o

ii5

1 20

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

-

10
2
8
5

33
14
19
5

47
21
26
12

39
29
10
3

52
39
13
4

52
28
24
18

99
84
15
9

83
67
16
6

63
55
8
2

76
67
9
8

33
21
12
12

25
20
5
5

33
26
7
7

8
5
3
3

-

-

-

9
6

17
7

4
4

2
1

6
6

-

2
2

-

-

2

i

-

-

-

-

180

over

CONTINUED

STENOGRAPHERS. SE NI OR ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------------

653
478
175
99

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
1 15.00
117 .0 0
109 .0 0
115 .0 0

$
1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0

$
$
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS. C L A S S A -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

88
63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

117 .5 0
116 .0 0

119 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

1 0 8 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 2 8 .5 0

192
78
114
34
51

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0
98.5 0
88.0 0
104.00
76.5 0

9 4 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0
85.0 0
107.00
7 4 .5 0

7 9 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
6 8 .5 0 - 82 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T SMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

79
52

3 9.5
4 0 .0

97.5 0
1 0 3.00

9 6 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

-

_

-

“

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL ASS B -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

81
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5.50
102.00

1 0 3.00
9 3 .5 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

-

-

-

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

105
66

3 9.5
3 9.5

9 8 .0 0
98.5 0

9 7 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

“

“

T Y P I S T S , c l a s s A ----------- ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------

617
450
167
86

98.0 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0 100.50
39 i 5
9 1 .5 0
93.0 0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
87.5 0
85.5 0

8 3 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 - 99.5 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

-

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

854
480
374

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5

86.0 0
8 9 .5 0
82.0 0

83.5 0
87.5 0
80.0 0

7 7 .5 0 8 0 .5 0 7 6 .0 0 -

4
4

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

C LA SS

B --------

NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------------

1
to t h e s e
2
3
4
5

*
80

and
under

65

I.0HEN -

65

$

S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
w eekly h o u rs.
F o r defin ition of t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, t ab le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er public u ti li tie s .
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
M a y include w o r k e r s o th er than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




9 4 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
86.0 0

re c eiv e their re g u lar

-

-

-

“

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

-

-

6
6

5
5

2
2

5
4

6
6

8
6

16
8

12

9

15

15

17

18

14

18

19
15
4
2

27
14
13
11

10

11

4

9
6

-

2
2

-

~

1

-

-

-

~

-

1

-

11

9

-

-

-

14

11

-

-

11
4

5

13
6

9
-

5
1

10

9
4
1

4
2

i

-

-

_

-

*

*

10
10

2

-

-

-

1
“

“

-

“

-

-

10
9
i
i

7
7
-

io
10
-

-

-

-

3
1
2

_

-

13
11

14
10

3
1

10
10

8
5

2
2

3
3

~

3
3

14
14

9
9

10
10

1
1

7
3

12
11

1
1

4
1

4
i

2
~

2
1

2
-

7
3

13
9

6
5

14
7

22
13

12
10

9
7

10
8

2
2

3

4
2

“

3
2
1
“

18
11
7
~

48
30
18
17

117
66
51
26

67
54
13
4

54
39
15
5

62
39
23
11

49
35
14
4

47
40
7
5

29
26
3
1

37
32
5
4

41
37
4
3

18
13
5
5

41
9
32

84
43
41

173
54
119

179
96
83

109
72
37

66
44
22

80
70
10

29
26
3

45
23
22

28
28

10
9
1

2
1
1

1
1

(e x c lu siv e of pay fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u l a r

an d/or

-

1
1

10
4

salaries

~
-

2
2

4
3

straigh t-tim e

-

-

“
-

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d

14

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s for se le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

M ean2

Median 2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of —
J
90
Under
$
and
90
under

Middle range 2

__________ 9 5

DRAFTSMEN, C L A S S A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

696
514

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 7 9.00
1 8 0 .0 0

5,..00
179 .5 0

1 6 5 .0 0 1 6 6 .0 0 -

870
762
108
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

149 .5 0
149.00
1 5 3 .0 0
166 .0 0

14 8 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0 1 3 4 .5 0 1 3 8 .5 0 1 5 1 .0 0 -

580
537

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 2 .0 0 1 2 1 . 5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 1 2 0 . 5 0

1 1 0 .5 0 1 0 9 .5 0 -

131 .5 0
132 .5 0

DRAFTSMFN—TRACERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

119
116

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 6.50
1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0
105 .0 0

9 9 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

N U R S E S , INDUSTRIAL ( R E G I S T E R E D )
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

217
192

1 3 7 .0 0
1 3 8.00

1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0

10C

105

105

110

_

_

_

110

115

115

120

_

_
120

12 5

i

130

i

140

i

150

i

160

i

170

$

180

*

19C

i

200

i

210

t

220

i

230

J

240

_
125

130

150

160

170

180

190

36
36

16 3 .0 0
1 6 3.00
160 .0 0
189 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

_

100

140

37
37

1 41
86

1 52
95

143
93

215
1 92

1 31
107
24

117
1C9

31

2

11

1 9C .50
193.50

CRAFTSMEN, C LA SS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3------------------

95

20C

210

220

230

240

250

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 4 6 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p l o y e e s
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs .
2 F o r d e f i n i t i o n of t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c om m u n ica tio n , and oth er pub lic u tilitie s.




receive their regu lar

23

38
38

23
23
10

10

28
27

straigh t-tim e sa la r ie s

23
23

143

22

28
28

112

1
1

73
64

62
60

71
71

80
76

37
36

41
5
5

20
20

17
17

( e x c lu siv e of p a y fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u l a r

and/or prem ium

r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s

correspond

15

Table A-2a. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Large Establishments—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o re
b y in d u s try d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1968)
W eek ly e a r n in g s 1
(standard )
N um ber

S e x , o c cu p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv isio n

of

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -tim e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

w eek ly
h ou rs1
( standard)

M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M id d le ran ge 2

90
U nder
$
and
u n der
90

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

326
324

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------

375
328

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 5 .0 0 1 5 4 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0 1 5 2 . 0 0

1 4 1 .0 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

_

*
O

1 6 6 .5 0

1 6 6 .0 0

1 5 1 .0 0 -1 8 9 .5 0

-

o

100

100

105

$
$
1 8 5 .0 0 1 7 0 . 0 0 - 1 9 8 . 0 0
1 8 5 .0 0 1 7 0 . 0 0 - 1 9 7 . 5 0

$
4 0 . 0 1 8 5 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 8 5 .5 0

40

95

s

t

t

$

S

$

t

S

1

t

S

$

t

$

S

i

t

-

-

-

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

-

95
KEN

t

$

*

1
1

1
1

8
8

25
25

46
46

49
49

66
66

59
59

30
30

15
13

8
8

13
13

5
5

43
41

79
72

59
47

65
58

30
26

30
25

23
14

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

“

6
6

1
1

5
4

6
6

25
25

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

2

6

10

3

4

5

9

-

-

-

-

-

35
34

20
20

16
16

2
2

_

1
1

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

16
16

15
12

3
3

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

283
275

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 1 1 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 - 1 4 1 .5 0

2
2

6
6

15
15

18
18

21
21

28
28

16
15

27
27

28
25

48
45

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

69
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 9 .5 0 1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 8 . 0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0

2
2

6
6

9
9

11
10

11
11

5

A

14
14

3
3

2
2

5

4

1
1

208
183

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 7 .5 0 1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0 1 3 8 . 5 0

1 2 8 .5 0 - 1 4 6 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0 - 1 4 7 .0 0

_

_

_

“

~

5

*

6
6

6
6

7
5

14
13

21
21

55
49

60
52

W
OMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REG ISTERED ) ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------1
to th e s e
2
3

~

-

-

-

S ta n d a r d h o u rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w ee k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
w ee k ly h o u r s .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1968)
A v e rage

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

N um ber
of

W eekly
W eekly
earn in gs 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
B IL L E R S , MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------B IL L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------BOCKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------- -— --------- ~ —
—~
— — ■—
——
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NCNHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------S ee fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




A ve rage

O ccu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

Num ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
[standard)

O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

$
9 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3 ---------------------------- ------------------------

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
9 3 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

137
51

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

9 0 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

163

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

289
79

210
104

86
86

77

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------CLER K S, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

A ve rage

W eekly
e am in g s 1
(standard)

Num ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

2 ,0 7 4
968
1 ,1 0 6
129
223
325
324

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

9 1 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

161
65
96

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 5 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
420
208

212
122

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 ,3 2 1
794
527
143
106
80
133

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------1 2 6 .0 0
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------1 1 8 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

r

16

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined---Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1968)
Average
O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard (
standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

A ve rage

O ccu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CLERKS, F I L E ,'C L A S S B ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------

692
206
688
78
79
52
260

38.5
60.0
38.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
37.0

$
81.50
88.50
79.00
96.00
78.00
76.00
75.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

528
127
601
58
266

39.0
60.0
38.5
60.0
38.0

72.50
76.50
71.50
71.50
71.00

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------------------

1,171
671
700
552
105

60.0
60.0
60.0
60.0
39.0

108.50
112.00
106.00
116.00
72.50

CLER K S, PAYROLL --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------------------

829
693
336
79
81
76

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0
40.0
39.5

107.00
112.00
100.00
116.00
100.50
90.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

650
223
227
30
78
109

39.5
97.00
39.5 102.00
39.0
92.00
60.0 120.50
60.0
87.50
38.5
86.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

727
480
267
53
92
77

39.5 100.00
39.5
99.50
39.0 101.00
60.0 112.00
60.0
97.50
37.5
97.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------

1, 175
697
678
205
188
51
198

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0
60.0
39.5
37.5

91.00
96.00
89.00
99.00
86.00
78.00
83.50

OFFICE BOYS AND G IR L S-----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------

601
269
352
62
63
158

39.0
39.5
38.5
60.0
60.0
37.0

81.50
83.00
80.50
97.50
70.50
79.00

N um ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

W eekly
earn in gs 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

A v .,,* .

O ccu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

Num ber
of
workers

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

SECRETARIES4---------------------------- *---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------

3,795
2,279
1,516
298
261
176
605

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
37.5

$
121.50
126.50
117.50
132.50
118.00
112.00
112.50

SECR ET A R IES, CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------

611
273
138
27
52

39.0
39.0
39.5
60.0
60.0

162.50
163.50
160.50
170.50
129.50

SEC R ET A R IE S, CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------

980
537
663
72
76
202

39.0
39.5
38.5
60.0
39.0
37.5

128.00
129.50
125.50
163.50
126.00
120.00

SECR ET A R IES, CLASS C -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------f i n a n c e 3 -------------------------------------SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NCNMA NUFACTURING-------------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------

1,516
965
569
132
81
75
237
867
682
365
162

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.0
39.0
39.0
38.0
37.5

118.50
120.50
116.50
129.50
111.50
108.50
108.50
109.00
113.00
106.00
102.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -----------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

1,528
815
713
280
98
257

39.0
96.50
39.5
98.50
38.5
96.00
39.5 100.50
39.5
95.50
87.00
37.0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -----------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------

1,136
677
659
133
82
216

39.0
39.5
38.5
60.0
60.0
37.5

116.00
106.50
115.00
106.50
99.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------

136
79
57
35

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0

111.50
112.50
109.50
117.00

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2RETAIL TRADE -------FINANCE3 -----------------

367
78
269
62
70
59

39.5
87.00
39.5
98.50
39.5
83.50
60.0 102.50
75.00
60.0
90.00
37.0

1 1 1 .0 0

'SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR—
RECEPT IC N IS T S MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------

652
332
320
135
72

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

$
9 0 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

116
69

3 9 .5
6 0 .0

1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------

226
90
136
55

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

98
59

3 9 .5
6 0 .0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------

305
166
161
73

3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

9 1 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -----------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------

1 ,1 3 7
655
482
104
121
152

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

9 6 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

1 ,9 0 0
763
1 ,1 3 7
202
568

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

701
516

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 7 9 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------

889
781
108
61

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 4 9 .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

628
583

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

203
168

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

IC O .50
1 0 2 .5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (R EG ISTERED ) ---MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

219
196

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 3 7 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s )
c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

,

and the e a r n in g s

17

Table A-3a. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Large Establishments—
Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o re
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1*968)
A verage

A v e rage

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

N um ber

of

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earn in gs 1
(standard ) (standard)

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

N um ber

of

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

3 9 .5

119

3 9 *5
3 9 .5

oc*nn

ft L 1

1 2 3 *5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0

3 9 .5

9 4 .0 0

647
181
62

328

3 9 .5

8 7 .5 0

241

3 9 .0

226

3 9 .5

8 1 .5 0

1

*

172

120

3 9 .5

490
325

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

2 .0

3 9 .5

OO AA

68

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 2 *5 0
8 4 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

66
86

3 9 .5

7 5 .0 0

911

3 9 .5

7 5 .0 0

337

3 9 .5

110.00

321
99
65

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 7 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0

n n *'

99

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

___• _ _

CLASS C
[TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

8 6 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

269

1 0 5 .0 0

93

1 2 4 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 2 1 .5 0

-

43

66

riNANCC

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------

y PAYROLL

4 0 . 0 1 5 7 .5 0
3 9 . 0 1 2 5 .0 0

i

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

101.00

00

50

3 8 .5

659
479

yn

a

O KA

*T 6

9 5 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

63

111*^0

39 5
3 9 .5
3 9 *0

8 '* 5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 9 .0 0

326

4 0 .0

y0 a
4 a . 0 1 5 2 .5 0

40

iDRAFT^MCNf CLASS A

/A A
4 0 . 0 1 6 6 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------

8 9 .5 0

192
78
114

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 7 .0 0

110.00
1 1 6 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

88.00

IB j .50
1 CA An

206

1 AA *0 0
1 0 6 AA

4 0 ,0
723
378

104

* *
o o
o o

/An
i i n

sn

110
108

3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0

ai

86.00

861
487
374

344

579
293

8 6 .5 0

rn
r

T Y P IS T S t CLASS B — — —— — —
—
—
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

CLERKS
1 2 3 *0 0

- r,

1 3 5 .5 0

jTABULATING—
MACHINE OPERATORS,

1 4 9 .5 0

nn

160

T

4 0 .0

1 1 1 .5 0

yt>

-

s 03 aa
1 n a *.0 0

92

282

RC TAIL TRA

$
4 0 .0

3 9 *5

88.00

806
NONHANUFACTURING — — — — — — —
— ——————

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

52

1 3 0 .0 0

200

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

$

1 -»A

9 2 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

721

N um ber
of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

?
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

CONTINUED

BOOKKEEPING-HACHINE OPERATORS,
138
78

A ve rage

W eekly
earn in gs 1
(standard)

5
NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL (R EG ISTER ED ) -----

210
105

A 0 .A
4A

i o-r a
1 a • AA
1 77

y0
1 2 ^
4 A . A 1AO . KA

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0

Kt 1 Aft L. 1KAu l

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n in g s
c o r r e sp o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er th a n th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




18

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1968)
Hourly earnings *

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s

receiving

s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f -----

*
2.50

$
2.60

»
2 .7 0

S
2.80

$
2 .9 0

$
3.00

t
3 .10

$
3. 20

t
3.30

$
3 .40

s
3 .5 0

$
3.60

$
3 .7 0

$
3 .8 0

*
3 .90

s

t

4 .C C

4 .1 0

t
4 .2 0

$
4 .40

4 .6 0

$
4.8C

2.50

O c cu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2.80

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3. 30

3 .40

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3.90

4 .0 0

4 .1 C

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

over

2

—

3

46
46

18
18

54

3

28
28

$
2 .4 0
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
2 .4 0

an d

$
3 .97
3 .7 8

$
3.85

310

3 .83

$
3 .4 4 3 .3 9 -

$
4 .2 9
4 .2 1

79

4 .7 2

4 .2 7

3 .4 6 -

5 .8 4

ELEC T R IC IA N S, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1,6 7 2
1,515

4.03

4 .09

3 .7 3 -

4 .4 1

-

4.05
3 .8 9

4 .09

157

4 .11

3 .7 5 3 .5 8 -

4 .4 3
4 .3 4

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------

282
228

3 .87
3.93

3 .86
3.92

3 .4 7 3 .4 8 -

4 .0 9
4 .0 9

54

3 .62

3.72

3 .1 4 -

4 .0 3

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

304

3 .50

3 .0 7 -

3 .82

2

283

3 .54

3.52
3 .5 4

3 .1 2 -

3 .8 8

-

H ELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

731

3.02

2 .8 7 2 .8 8 -

3 .31
3 .31

15

3.02

3 .00
3 .00

67

692

59

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1,2 3 1
1,2 3 1

4 .0 6

4 .0 7

3 .6 9 -

4 .5 2

_

4 .0 6

4 .07

3 .6 9 -

4 .5 2

-

-

-

M ACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

960
929

3.97

3 .6 2 3 .6 4 -

4 .3 8
4 .4 4

-

-

-

3.98

3 .98
3.99

3 .9 4
4 .0 3
3 .8 9

3 .92
3.79
3 .93

3 .7 6 3 .6 9 3 .8 4 -

4.11
4 .4 4
3 .9 9

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(M AIN TEN ANCE)----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------

389

1,0 3 0
371
659
447

-

6
6

1

1

4

2

-

1

4

2

2

-

“

1

*

*

-

8
6

2

-

10
-

8

-

6
-

-

6

~

10

2

_

_

_

5

1

-

-

5
-

-

5

-

5

1

-

24
24

8
8

5
3

13

6
5

12
11

21
21

_

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

3 .90

3.92

3 .8 5 -

3 .9 6

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 ,9 0 6
1,748
15 8

3.93
3 .9 3
3 .90

3 .98
3.97
4 .1 7

3 .5 4 3 .5 4 3 .5 6 -

4 .4 4
4 .5 1
4 .2 5

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 ,1 2 0
1 ,1 2 0

4.11
4.11

4 .2 7
4 .2 7

3 .7 7 3 .7 7 -

4 .44
4 .4 4

O ILERS ----------------------------- ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

486

3 .4 6

486

3.46

3 .42
3.42

3 .0 9 3 .0 9 -

3 .5 9
3 .5 9

PA IN TER S, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

248

3.93

3.94

3 .5 7 -

4 .3 6

18 3
65

3.93
3.91

3.94
3.97

3 .6 3 3 .3 9 -

4 .3 6
4 .36

P IP E F IT T E R S , MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

725
723

3.99
3.99

4 .0 0
4 .0 0

3 .6 2 3 .6 2 -

4 .4 3
4 .4 3

-

-

“

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

18 9
147

4 .0 2
4 .1 5

4 .3 2
4 .4 2

3 .5 6 -

4 .4 5

-

-

3 .9 3 -

4 .4 6

-

1,8 2 0

4 .3 5
4.35

4 .59

4 .0 4 -

4 .6 8

-

_

4 .5 9

4 .0 4 -

4 .6 8

1,820

5

*

*

1

“

-

2
2

7
-

6
6

“

7

-

25
16

17
17

17

85
83

158
15 8

71

1

8

_

_

51
51

6
6

6
6

-

3

-

-

-

32
28
4

106

75

83

149

1 41

144

85

78
68

75

83

21

10

-

-

143
6

1 23
18

46

11
9

16
12
4

22
11

14

31
31

11

10
4

38
37
1

-

2

-

23

8

17

_

23

8

16

4
4

-

20
20

_

46

1

227
227

9
7

16
16

209
208

8
8

-

-

3
3

18
18

ii

-

28
28

_

-

-

-

_

_

5

2

_

_

_

2

1
1

_

5

-

-

-

-

17

32

74

83

33

44

92

136

46

81

77

362

12

38
1
337

20
9

28
26

6

1
1

1

47
47

-

-

"

50

33

1

6

12

17

32

74

83

33

44

92

136

46

81

77

362

50

33

6
6

2
2

_

_

3
3

114
114

14
13

80
54

76
75

45
45

24
24

135
132

146
146

30
30

43

~

7
7

1 96
196

26
26

13
13

11
-

2
-

60

40

149

2

53
7

28
12
4

1 C4
45

135
5
130
130

298
19
279

123
3
120
8

76
76
-

255

16
9
7
4

2
_

11

53

42

53

32
10

160
17

77
75
2

37
25
12

128
1

173
166
7

98
95
3

185
174

*

10 8
100
8

27
27

42
42

27
27

24
24

28
28

122

48
48

57
57

23
23

_

34

9

_
-

34

7
2

-

2

-

14

-

24

22
2

13
1

-

21
15
6

109
109

-

-

2
2

3
3

38
38

2
1
1

_

2

10

2

2

10

2

-

-

_

-

-

22
22

1
1
-

122

1 29

11
54
54

2

49
44 9
-

7

-

-

133

1 66

328

58
75

1 66

32 8

-

-

-

-

1 71
1 71

425
425

i

28
28

i

-

_

34

21

12

44

53

69

14

_

_

_

_

1

77

21

12

44

53

69

69
69

24

34

24

14

-

-

-

-

1

77

-

-

2

-

6

8

6

30

9

26

5

34

3

59

25

_

-

9

5

3

25

-

-

6

45
14

10
-

-

28
6

6
-

-

-

10

103
1 01

51
51

18
18

34
34

2 54
254

-

4
4

3
3

5
5

89
89

i
i

94

71
71

239
239

104

852

104

852

6

7

11
3

“

1

8

i
5

24
6

-

25
1

23
23

17
17

38
38

30
30

60
60

57
57

8
8

2
2

3

59

3

17

3
3

~

-

11
11

17

38
38

63
63

93
93

26
26

91
91

83
83

-

-

2

1

*

“

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

8
8

-

-

1

-

_

36

17
1C
7

30

-

_

17 7

43

30

1
-

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

1
I

17

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , an d la te s h if ts .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
3 W o rk e rs w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s f o llo w s : 4 a t $ 5 .4 0 to $ 5 .6 0 ; 3 a t $ 5 .6 0 to $ 5 .8 0 ; 2 a t $ 5 .8 0 to $ 6; 10 a t $ 6 to $ 6 .2 0 ; and 18 a t $ 6 .2 0 to $ 6 .4 0 .
*
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 5 to $ 5 .2 0 .
5 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




135
9

237
168
69

106
103

28
28

29

-

79
71

59

26

2

48
6

26

24

2

-

21
18

25

15

24

2

7

9
9

1

52
52

*

7
-

12
11

28
27

~

27
27

-

3
-

63
63

25
25

7
6

17
17

6
6
-

“

TOOL And DIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

-

3
-

51
51

*

5

28
27

-

“

“
_

2

7
7

39
1C
29

-

*
-

“

-

s

and
under

_

28
28

_

94

_
-

_
-

_
47
47

19

Table A-4a. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations—
Large Establishments
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o re
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f ---

Hourly earnings 1

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

t

U nder
M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

2• 6 0

2 .6 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3.

10

$
1
t
3 .20 3 . 30 3 . 40 3 . 5 0

i
S
3 . 60 3 . 7 0

t
$
t
$
$
1
t
3 . 8 0 3 . 9 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 1 0 4 .20 4 . 3 0 4 . 4 0

$
4 .5 0

2 .9 0

3 .1 0

3.

20

3 .3 0

3 . 70 3 . 8 0

3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4 .1 0 4 .2 0 4 .3 0 4 .4 0 4 .5 0

4 .6 0 4 .8 0

3
3

23
23
“

7
7

and

309
247
62

$
4 .0 8
3 .8 9
4 .8 2

$
3 .9 3
3 .9 3
5 .5 6

$
$
3 .5 5 - 4 .3 5
3 .6 0 - 4 .2 8
3 .4 6 - 5 .8 4

EL ECT RICIA N S, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 ,4 3 3
1 ,3 1 9

4 .1 2
4 .1 2

4 .1 7
4 .1 6

3 .8 9 - 4 .4 4
3 .8 7 - 4 .4 5

6

_

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

214
187

3 .9 4
4 .0 0

3 .9 1
3 .9 5

3 .6 1 - 4 .1 0
3 .6 3 - 4 .1 9

_
-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

252
244

3 .6 2
3 .6 4

3 .5 8
3 .5 9

3 .2 7 - 3 .9 4
3 .2 7 - 3 .9 5

2

605
586

,

3 .0 0

J .U 1

2
2

8
8

_

4
4

14
13

13
13

5
“

i

-

2
2

1
*

“

8
8

3
3

16
16

8
8

62
55

^

“

18
18

68
68

150
150

2

-

2

%

\

4 .6 0 4 .8 0

an d
under

2 .7 0 2 .8 0

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

s

t
*
2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0
i

~

-

1
1

“

3 . 4 0 3 . 50 3 . 6 0

6
6

21
21

-

-

~

126
126

130

112

135
129

12
10

37
36

22
22

22
22

8
8

17
16

18
18

43
43

9
9

80
71

60
56

62
62

69
69

3
3

12
11

18
18

11

15

12

22
11

15
15

17
17

26
25

6

7

29
26

22
22

53
41

22
22

68
68

98
98

37
37

21
21

5

9

26
25

21

30
7
23

1

r

7
7

18
3

51
51

1
1

over

27
27
-

27
27
-

1
1

1
1

-

-

1
333

123

122

114
46

223
223

4
4

209
208

1
1

7
7

8
8

8
8

_
“

9
9

3
3

18
18

4
4

_

4
4

16
16

9
9

19
19

_

_

-

-

34

1

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 ,0 4 0
1 ,0 4 0

4 .1 6
4 .1 6

4 .1 8
4 .1 8

3 .8 7 - 4 .5 3
3 .8 7 - 4 .5 3

-

_
“

-

-

7
7

2
2

7
7

61
61

19
19

47
47

29
29

35
35

74
74

136
136

40
40

75
75

53
53

10
10

98
98

264
264

50
50

33
33

M ACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

783
752

4 .0 4
4 .0 6

4 .0 3
4 .0 4

3 .7 0 - 4 .5 1
3 .7 5 - 4 .5 1

“

_
-

2
2

-

-

3
3

7
7

53
53

11
10

73
47

48
47

37
37

22
22

101

136
136

24
24

24
24

19
19

8
8

138
188

14
14

13
13

442
226
216
lU->

3 .9 4
4 .0 0
3 .8 7

3 .8 7
3 .9 2
3 .8 6

3 .7 7 - 4 .0 6
3 .7 4 - 4 .4 3
3 .8 1 - 3 .9 4
J .O l

-

-

-

-

-

1

12

14
4
10

112
83
29
28

104
5
99
99

72
19
53
32

13
9
4

11

-

9
7
2

1

-

3

7
7

10
10
-

76
76
-

-

-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 ,4 9 0
1 ,3 8 1

4 .0 8
4 .0 8

4 .1 4
4 .1 2

3 .8 4 - 4 .5 6
3 .8 3 - 4 .5 9

_
-

2

14
13

_
-

2
2

73
73

40
40

12

111

11

4
4

102

36
35

23
22

126
125

143
137

94
91

183
174

117
42

16
16

52
52

114
114

328
328

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 ,0 6 1
1 ,0 6 1

4 . 11
4 .1 1

4 .2 8
4 .2 8

3 .7 9 - 4 .4 4
3 .7 9 - 4 .4 4

_
“

_

-

_

3
3

35
35

17
17

42
42

15
15

24
24

25
25

122
122

48
48

57
57

22
22

54
54

89
89

82
82

422
422

3
3

i
i

OILERS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

345
345

3 .3 2
3 .3 2

3 .4 1
3 .4 1

3 .2 1 - 3 .5 3
3 .2 1 - 3 .5 3

4
4

13
13

24
24

15
15

14
14

12
12

39
39

45
45

69
69

69
69

24
24

14
14

-

-

_

“

i
i

-

-

_

_

"

-

-

_
-

PAIN TERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

202
176

3 .9 4
3 .9 5

3 .9 4
3 .9 5

3 .5 8 - 4 .3 7
3 .6 8 - 4 .3 6

7
“

_

-

2

-

6
6

8

5
3

6

7
7

25
24

5
5

28
28

3
3

_

45
45

21
21

4
4

_

i

20
20

-

7

10

-

“

P IP E F IT T E R S , MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

695
693

4 .0 2
4 .0 2

4 .0 2
4 .0 2

3 .6 5 - 4 .4 3
3 .6 5 - 4 .4 3

_

_

20
20

3
3

38
38

24
24

57
57

57
57

7
7

28
28

103

51
51

17
17

34
34

254
254

_

_

_

-

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

176
144

4 .0 6
4 .1 7

4 .4 0
4 .4 2

3 .5 7 - 4 .4 5
3 .9 5 - 4 .4 6

8

_

2

49
17

3
3

11
11

4
4

3
3

-

5
5

89
89

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 ,4 9 8
1 ,4 9 8

4 .4 3
4 .4 3

4 .6 2
4 .6 2

4 . 2 2 - 4 .6 9
4 .2 2 - 4 .6 9

1
l

1
1

11
11

25
25

93
93

43
43

59
59

60
60

125
125

39
39

13
13

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1
2
3
4

-

2
2

1
1

-

2

_

_

-

2
2

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

1

-

_

_

-

8

_

2

14
14

9
3

1

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
W o rk e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s : 4 a t $ 5 .4 0 to $ 5 .6 0 ; 3 a t $ 5 .6 0 to $ 5 .8 0 ; 2 a t $ 5 .8 0 to $ 6 ; 10 a t $ 6 to $ 6 .2 0 ; and 14 a t $ 6 .2 0 to $ 6 .4 0 .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




_
19
19

_
30
30

98

101

8
8

_
-

-

_
-

i
i

78
78

840
840

_
~
_

~

_
47
47

20

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r 1968)
Hourly earnings 2
O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
wotkers

Mean3

Median3

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s of---

.
Middle range3

$
$
$
1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 . 8 0

1.68

-

3 .3 4

3 .0 7 - 3 .5 4

-

2 .6 0

2 .7 2

2 . CO- 3 . 0 0

-

8

158
372
116

2 .5 4
2 .7 9
2 .1 5
2 .7 7
2 .3 4
1 .9 4
2 .3 3

2 .5 2
2 .8 2
2 .1 4
2 .8 4
2 .4 5
1 .8 4
2 .3 4

2 .1 5 2 .5 1 1 .9 8 2 .4 2 2 .0 1 1 .7 0 2 .3 1 -

2 .9 8
3 .1 3
2 .2 9
2 .9 8
2 .6 5
2 .0 7
2 .3 8

61
61
18

81
81
76
“

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

2 ,0 1 4
349
1 ,6 6 5
130

1 .9 9
2 .4 5
1 .9 0
1 .7 2

1 .9 6
2 .3 8
1 .9 5
1 .7 3

1 .9 2 - 2 .0 2
2 .1 7 - 2 .7 7
1 . 9 1 - 1 .9 8
1 . 6 6 - 1 .8 3

34
34

66
1

50
19
31
28

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

6 ,2 4 1
3 ,0 5 3
3 ,1 8 8
1 ,5 5 6
936
598

3 .0 5
2 .9 6
3 .1 3
3 .6 4
2 .4 5
3 .0 5

3 .0 6
2 .9 3
3 .3 7
3 .7 3
2 .4 6
3 .4 5

2 .5 7 2 .6 4 2 .4 9 3 .7 0 2 .1 9 2 .2 0 -

3 .5 7
3 .3 4
3 .7 4
3 .7 7
2 .5 7
3 .6 2

—
-

45
45

ORDER F IL L E R S ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

1 ,9 7 6
822
1 ,1 5 4
957
185

2 .9 3
3 .0 9
2 .8 2
2 .7 5
3 .1 5

3 .0 1
3 .0 9
2 .9 2
2 .7 3
3 .4 3

2 .5 3 2 .8 2 2 .4 8 2 .4 6 3 .1 5 -

3 .3 3
3 .4 3
3 .2 5
3 .1 2
3 .4 9

-

PACKERS, SH IPPING ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------

1 ,5 5 8
1 ,3 0 7
251
223

2 .7 9

2 .7 9
2 .8 4
2 .4 4
2 .4 7

2 .5 5 2 .6 4 1 .9 9 2 .2 6 -

3 .2 4
3 .2 7
2 .6 4
2 .6 8

_
-

PACKERS, SH IPPIN G (WOMEN) --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

836
627
209

1 .7 9 - 2 .4 7
1 .7 9 - 2 .5 1
1 .7 1 - 2 .3 4

•

2 .0 6

2 .1 3
2 .1 4
2 .0 7

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

574
341
233

103

2 .8 9
2 .9 7
2 .7 6
2 .5 8
2 .9 5

2 .8 7
2 .9 9
2 .6 3
2 .5 8
3 .0 9

2 .4 3 2 .4 9 2 .3 2 2 .3 4 2 .3 9 -

3 .4 0
3 .4 3
3 .2 9
2 .8 1
3 .5 8

_
-

4
4
4

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------

455
280
175
133

2 .9 2
3 .0 5
2 .7 1
2 .6 0

2 .9 3
3 .0 5
2 .6 3
2 .5 9

2 .4 9 2 .7 7 2 .2 8 2 .2 6 -

3 .3 8
3 .4 7
2 .9 9
2 .9 0

-

-

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING -----------WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------JA N IT O R S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS - —
MANUFACTURING---- --------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE5--------------------------------------

$
2 .4 6
3 .0 8
1 .8 5

$
2 .4 5
3 .2 6

665

3 .2 4

212
3 ,7 5 5
2 ,2 6 2
1 ,4 9 3

120

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




111

2 .4 1
2 .4 9

2 .1 7

2.20

552

8

544

JA N IT O R S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS

2.86

t

2.00 2.10 2.20

$
2 .3 0

t
2 .6 0

t
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
$
2 .9 0 3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0 3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

47
46

64
62

$
2 .4 0

*
2 .5 0

*
3 .4 0

i
*
$
$
1 ---3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 4 .00 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0
and

$
$
1 .6 8 - 3 .2 8
2 .8 2 - 3 .4 8
1 . 6 4 - 1 .8 4

1 ,7 5 8
877
881

t

$

and
S
1 . 6 0 u n d er
■ LJ.Q- 1 . 8 0 1 . 9 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

$
1 .9 0

1

-

65
56

39
17

6
11
11
16
4

12
92
41
51

33

2.0 C 2.10 2.20
62
40

34
14

19

2 .3 0 2 .4 0

29

18

28
19
9

28

9

6
22

-

4

13

2

46
36

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

—

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
—

_
-

590 1312
391
42
199 1270
17 1175
182
95

128
57
71
71

26
26
—
-

28
28
_
-

2
2

17
17
_
-

22

20

-

-

-

14

-

6

40

-

1

15

7

4

24

-

8

16

31

17

35

123
13

82
16

70

192
37
155
~
19
34

651
135
516
5
7

182

177
71
106

194
158
36

298
244
54
19

241

140
119

169
143
26
14
3

188
160
28
27

572
549
23
4
16
3

236
229
7
A
3

16
-

-

6

54
44

12

22
22

14
14

_
-

373
365

246

146
70
76
-

584
406
178
130
37
9

717
488
229
157

338
223
115
98
16

259
64
195
181
14

268
151
117
108

34
4
30
24

90
4
4

374
340
34
34

50
50
-

10
10

110
18
75
1

66
-

6

39

6

1

69
14
49

1

2

66
20
11

16
16
16

40
24
16

13
5

137
125

67
61

44

54
37
17

1

_
—
F
-

377
338
39
18
3

201

116
18
98
97
“

230
48
182
182

38
23
15
9

47

54
35
19
19

70
18
52
52

55
32
23
23

48

50
50
~
38
29
9

82
24
58
57

11
8

-

303
115
188
179
9

18

6

6

6

-

3

11

20
24

8
8

6

3
3

6

3

1

_
-

-

22

-

5
4

1

~

13
9
6

11
2

375
106
269
' 262
A

36

7
7

8
11

13

174

40

131
46
85
75
1C

21

17
17
-

20
12

11

1

16

32
32
-

10

13

39

22
6
2

-

172

*

202

38

20
20

110

12

10

53
50
3

283
87
196

1

12

1

77

39
38

67
17
50
32

27

13

63
41

21

10

21

22

125
75
50
8
24

1

1

6
21
8
1

10

12
2

195

91
13
78
24
33

1

5

174

69
13
56
24
32

-

6

176 1 1 5 4

6

12

71
18
-

166 11 4 8
1
43

10

46

111

20

1

6

30

1

75
35
-

11
7

9

6
1

69
63

20
11

21

6

9

5

8

98

51
45

68

120
54

1

10

1

21

30

6

27

42

31

6

41
34
7
7
-

17
2
15
14

40
16
24
23

16
7
9
8

10

32
16

12

19
14
5

6

13

1 74
27
4

21
2

46

10

8
1
1
2

61
50

87
64
23

303
275
28

157
15C
7

75
75

14

47

240

150

75

-

-

-

-

61
39

36
34

1
1

1

—

3
9

100

22

49

22

1

11
10
1

172
36
136
135
-

253
234
19
19

117
114
3
3

160
157
3
3

60
53
7
7

61
25
36

34
34

21
21

9
9

11
11

35
35

15
15

9
9

29
—
29
17

29

29
24
5
A
i

42
25
17

34
26

7

5

1

51
32
19
5
13

87
67

12

45
41
4
A

17
11
6
4

41

32

72
54
18
18

25
22
3
2

65
51
14

3

12

21

20
10
10
8

3
18
8

8

2

6

10

19
19
23

12
11
11

8

39
38

21
20
19

-

49
45
4

8

21
11
11

86

20
4
14

2

17
17
—
-

•
—

3
3
-

-

-

-

15
15
-

4
A
-

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

29

18
17

7
4
3
-

6

-

_
6

23
-

20
30
28
2
1

83
76
7
5

-

over

*

27

1

4 .20 4 . 4 0

*

108
—
108

6

37

3 .8 0 4 .0 0

2

_

1

-

9
7
2

_

-

3
3
-

_
-

-

3
3
3

3

_

1

-

2
2

1
2

21

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s to r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y ''’ v is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r 1968)
Hourly ea •nings 2

N u m b er of w o rk e rs

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

Under
$
1 .6 0

$
1 .60

TR UC KDRIVERS6 ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------- -----------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS! ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, ME DI UM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES4 --------------WH OLESALE TR AD E ---------------r e t a i l t r a d e -------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TR AI LE R TYPE) -------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

*
1 .80

%
1 .9 0

t
2 .0 0

t
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

S
2 . 30

*
2 .40

S
2 .5 0

$
2 .60

I
2.70

t
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

*
3 .0 0

*
3 .2 0

S
3 .4 0

«
3 .60

S
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .40

1.80

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .? 9

2 .30

2 , 40

2 ,5 0

?.6Q

2 t7P

2 ,4 0

2 .9 0

3.00

?,2Q

3 .4 0

3 .60

3 ,8 0

4 .00

4 .2 0

4 .40

over

7
-

-

-

2
-

2
_

11
_

-

2
_

_

3
3

57

24
4

1
1

17
14

3
-

-

7

11

-

2

65
47
18

74

-

20
37

66
24

-

-

-

-

3
1
2

3

40
6
34

60
23
37

an d
under
1 .70

SHIPPING AND RE CEIVING CL ER KS ----MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S4 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

and

$
3 .21
3 .26
3 .1 6
3.27

$
3 .2 6

$
2 .9 9 -

$
3 .4 8

162
183
67

3 .20
3.32
3 .33

3 .0 7 2 .9 6 3 .0 3 -

3.46
3 .51
3 .3 9

71

3 .19

3 .3 2

2 .9 4 -

3 .4 9

4 ,6 5 3
835

3 .60
3 .42

3 ,8 1 8
2 ,705
480

3.64
3.78
3.30

3 .8 2
3 .37
3 .83
3 .84
3 .57

450

3.53

3 .6 2

3
3
3
3
2
3

-

3 .8 7
3 .7 9
3.87
3 .87
3.84
3.91

536
130

2.80
3 .18

406
102

2 .6 8
2.98

2 .8 0
3.17
2.54

2 .3 0 2 .7 8 2 .2 4 -

3 .33
3 .9 0
3 .3 2

-

-

2.86

2 .8 2 -

3 .52

*

*

1 ,748
285
1 ,463

3 .66
3 .20
3 .76

3 .8 2
3.19
3 .84

3 .5 5 3 .0 5 3 .8 0 -

3 .8 6
3.45
3 .8 7

_

_

_

_

-

-

—
-

-

-

-

-

1,233
145

3.78

3 .8 1 3 .5 2 -

3 .8 7
3 .8 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 .61

3.84
3 .5 7

-

“

“

1,9 5 7
2 54
1,703

3 .76
3 .54
3 .79

3 .84
3 .4 8
3 .84

3 .8 0 3 .2 8 3 .8 1 -

3 .87
3 .7 9
3 .88

__

_

_

235
186

3.59
3 .74

3.58
3 .91

3 .5 3 3 .6 7 -

3.84
3 .9 5

345

326

.5
.1
.7
.8
.6
.5

0
4
1
1
8
0

3 .77
3 .63

3.86
3 .8 4

3 .8 1 3 .6 9 -

4 .3 0
3.87

212
134

3 .29
3 .25
3 .50
3 .35
3 .60

3.42
3.39
3 .48
3.44
3 .6 2

3
3
3
3
3

-

3 .4 9
3 .4 7
3 .6 5
3.47
3 .6 8

403

3 .6 7

3.39

390

3 .68

3 .3 9

3 .2 8 3 .3 0 -

4 .3 3
4 .3 3

207
2 ,408
2 ,0 1 4
394

.1
-0
.4
.4
.5

2
0
3
1
3

-

-

—
-

-

-

-

-

11
11

_

14

-

-

-

-

-

10
+-

4
-

10
-

4
4
-

~
-

•

_

_

10
-

4
-

10

4

_
~

•

_

2

2

55
16
39

51
10
41

8
31
*“

37
37

37
37
24
3

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

—

—

-

-

-

140
108

426
189

8
8
-

32

237

27
5

131
—

32
~

"

57

43
4

41
8

4
-

66
-

28
2

8
7

25
15

66

14

39

33
4

4

66

26
10

1

10

9
57

11
3

11
11
-

55

~

7
2
5

10
2
8

7
5
2

4
4
-

14
13
1

96
91

1
4

1

2

-

15
13
2
-

~

“

-

*

-

_

_

8

2

15
11
4
1

12
12
-

8

16

“

-

6
6
-

12
12
-

12
12
—
-

12
12
-

-

-

8

_

-

*

16

-

27
24

1
1

15
11
4
4

41
38
3
3

75
65
10
10

129
12 7
2
-

~

“

~

-

2
2
-

-

-

3

_

3

i
i
60
60
—

20
7

-

13

-

—
2

352

284

2786

11
112
111

133
33
49

85
2701
2-357
177

30
15
15
-

84

69
215

167

15

*

10 7

36

3

23
84

6
30

1
2

-

—

-

•

-

_

_

—

-

33
33
-

30

15
15
-

_

“

20 2
56
146
129
17

103
36
67
-

119
37
82
49

67

2

1049
38

112
107
5

173
48
1 25

150
30
120

1466
45
1421

—

112
13

36

5

84
—
—
—

-

1129
3
1126

15
—
15
-

—

15

*

”

99
124

—

15
15
-

-

1
1
-

*

3
1

2
2

12
12

8
7

156
154

14

15 9
159
-

212
194
18
14
4

331
324

248
195
53
-

78
12
66
-

23
19
4
-

—

i

980
75 3
227
175
52

53

18

4

*"

“

48
40

130
130

27
27

757
57

23

1

4

10

23

1

4

10

7
6

84

_

4
4

2

2
1

5
-

“

*

_

6
-

16
—

1

2

~

8

3
-

8
8

-

118
234

■ “

3
-

33
3
27

38
36

22

4
12
18

-

_

32
24

“

*

_

90
30
60

—

12

_
_

68
35

8

_

-

14

6
27

-

-

1

75
6

_

_

23

69

8

_

42
27

-

14
2

3

-

10

-

12
5
-

6
8

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l.
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
In c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and type o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .
W o rk e rs w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s : 4 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; and 53 a t $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 .




r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f—

$
1.70

8

Number

*
-

15

18

4

63

15

13

4

63

15
15
-

22

Table A-5a. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—
Large Establishments
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o re
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n * C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

H ourly earnings

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

S
1 .6 0

GUARDS:
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

625

3 .2 7

3 .3 5

3 .1 7 - 3 .5 6

-

-

WATCHMEN:
MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

66

2.86

2 .9 0

2 .8 0 - 2 .9 6

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS --MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1 ,8 6 0
1 ,6 7 7
363
92
238

2 .7 9
2 .9 3
2 .2 5
2 .7 9
2 .0 6

2 .9 0
3 .0 5
2 .0 8
2 .6 5
1 .9 3

2 .5 2 2 .6 5 1 .8 1 2 .6 6 1 .7 6 -

637
227

210

2 .2 7
2 .6 0
1 .9 0

81

1.66

2 .1 3
2 .5 9
1 .9 2

1.68

1 .9 2 - 2 .6 7
2 .3 2 - 2 .8 6
1 . 7 1 - 1 .9 7
1 .6 6 - 1 .7 6

LABORERS, MATERIAL H A ND LI NG -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------R E T A I L TRADE --------------------

2 ,5 8 6
1 ,9 0 1
683
566

3 .0 5
3 .0 3
3 .1 2
3 .1 3

3 .2 0
3 .0 8
3 .6 1
3 .6 7

2 .7 3 2 .7 1 2 .9 2 2 .6 1 -

ORDER FILLERS -----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

756
669
285

3 .2 7
3 .2 5
3 .3 0

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

693
660
53

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG (WOMEN) ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

o

“

o

$
$
1 .7 1 - 3 .3 6
2 .9 8 - 3 .5 3

296

3 .3 3

1 .9 0

C
M

$
2 .6 3
3 .2 3

o
00

O
r-

1 ,2 2 8
691

$

t
2 .3 0

2. 6 0 2. 5 0

t
2 .6 0

2. 7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
$
3 .0 0 3 .2 0

*
3 .6 0

S
3 .6 0

2.10 2- 20 2 .3 0

2 .6 0

2. 5 0 2. 6 0

2 .7 0

2a f f l .

2 .9 0

3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .6 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

*

*

t

S

$

$
3 .8 0

$

20

t
6 .6 0

6.20 6. 60

over

6.00

%

4.

and
undei

GUARDS ANO WATC HM EN ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

2.88

s

96
“

26
“

20

-

-

-

*

workers

2.00 2. 10 2.20

o
o

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

$
$
$
S
1 .6 0 1 . 7 0 1 . 8 0 1 . 9 0

26
16

10
1

16
5

8
6

7

2

28
18

10

25
26

59
57

68

67
67

261
261

153
166

75
75

-

65

16

-

6

6

2

12

10

16

61

16

67

238

166

75

-

13

-

-

“

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

6

-

8

16

31

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15
7

23
23
23

51
51
50

25
25
26

50

26
3
23
-

86
62

22

189
173
16

81
72
9
-

93
90
3
3

65
61
26
26

11
1

36
36

1
1

16

-

_
“

_
-

_
-

3

2 36
229
7
4
3

61
39

6
1

125
98
27
19

519
508

10
12

51
62
9

22

85
69
16
5
9

1

51

26

15
3

26
23

63
63
-

12

22
22

16
16

25
25

12

13
7

50
50

3

6
100
1

10

1
1

3 .6 5
3 .6 0
3 .5 9
3 .6 6

-

28
28
28

20

23
~
23
23

99
75
26
26

12

66
35

71
59

3 .3 2
3 .1 8
3 .6 1

3 .0 7 - 3 .6 8
3 .0 1 - 3 .6 7
3 .2 3 - 3 .6 9

-

-

3

3

2

3

2

4
3

3

11
6

3 .1 1
3 .1 5
2 .5 5

3 .2 6
3 .2 7
3 .2 1

2 .9 3 - 3 .3 5
2 .9 5 - 3 .3 6
1 .7 3 - 3 .2 6

_

_

“

5
5

5
5
“

227
153

2 .3 6
2 .6 5

2 .2 3
2 .5 9

1 .7 5 - 2 .6 9
2 .2 0 - 3 .0 5

-

3
3

12

R E CE IV IN G CLERKS --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RE TAIL TRADE --------------------

281
198
83
75

3 .1 0
3 .1 2
3 .0 6
3 .0 2

3 .2 1
3 .1 5
3 .6 1
3 .6 1

2 .7 6 2 .8 2 2 .3 6 2 .3 2 -

3 .5 5
3 .5 2
3 .6 6
3 .6 6

-

6

3

5

6
6

3
3

SH IPPING CL ERKS ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

181
156

3 .1 5
3 .1 6

3 .1 0
3 .0 9

2 .9 3 - 3 .5 0
2 .9 8 - 3 .6 8

-

-

-

SHIPPING AND RECE IV IN G CL ER KS ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

125
51
76
53

3 .2 8
3 .3 6
3 .2 2
3 .3 6

3 .3 7
3 .6 5
3 .3 3
3 .3 6

3 .1 1 - 3 .6 8
3 .1 9 - 3 .5 2
3 .0 0 - 3 .6 3
3 .3 0 - 3 .6 6

T R U C K O R l V E R S 5 ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG — ---------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

1 ,0 7 5
396
679
316

3 .6 9
3 .6 0
3 .5 5
3 .7 6

3 .5 9
3 .3 1
3 .8 2
3 .8 6

3 .2 1 3 .1 7 3 .5 2 3 .5 8 -

TR UCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ------------------------

166

2 .9 7

2 .5 0

2 .6 6 - 3 .5 7

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CLEA NE RS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le ,




3 .1 7
3 .1 8
2 .6 3
2 .9 9
2 .1 5

3 .8 7
3 .5 9
3 .8 8
3 .9 6

-

1

-

12

1

-

20
20
“

12

5
5

-

51

12

6

-

“

1
1
1

1

-

1
1

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

1

69
69
106

6
i

3
9
9

-

17

6
1
1
3
-

1

11
10
5

26

9

1

12
12
1

15
7

6
2

6

-

-

-

136
62
92
92

102

68

572
381
191
176

17
17
-

4
4
-

16
14
-

139
57
82

71

110

30

7

3
3
-

2
2
-

17
17
-

362
336
28

63
63
-

10
10

15
15
-

4
4
-

3
3
"

3
3
-

102

66

97
94
3
3

106
98

219
216
3

166
74
70
-

207
164
63
9

655
396
59

7

12
11
1

48

9
3

8

6

1

1

25
19

166
138
26

66

10
6
1

98
4
4

41
3
3

68
-

5
5
-

20
20

“

26
26

3
3

5
5

16
16

9
3

12
12

5

19
16
3
3

“

.
-

70
59
ii

1

1

_

13

8
8

*

5
5

11
10

6
5

-

6

6
2
7

ii
ii
“

12
12

18
18

19
19

1
1

1

2
2

-

1
1

-

7
5

7
7

2
5

52
52

3
9

6

186
76

50
50
-

65

4
4

1
1

25
25

15
15

9
9

11
10
1
1

18
16

9

8
1
1

21

2
2

38
36

5
3

3
2

-

1

2

2

-

17
17
-

11
2

6

-

20
20
-

22

_

17
17
-

-

6
6

8

33
30
3

21
20
1

1

1
8

■

36

6

-

31
71
71

66

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

23
3

13
13
-

7
4
3

_

1

-

3
3
3

3
2

_

2

-

-

3
3
-

-

4

6
2

76
58
16
16

8
8

62
62

23
22

65
36

10
9

5
3

6

15

20
20

1

-

_

2

2

3

-

2

_

_

1

-

2
-

2
-

3

-

2
-

~

-

2
2
-

16
5
9
7

13
6
7
3

32
6
28
27

39
30
9
8

ii
4
7
7

-

-

“
_

_

8

8

75

8

69
”

“

~

19
16
5
2

17
9
8
*

78
32
“

85
81
6
2

206
98
108
97

69
36
33
33

623
62
381
167

16

“

8
5
3
“

110

-

66

1

3

3

6

3

5

3

26

1

32

-

_

~
-

-

-

-

8

6

“

“

7
2
5
“

8

5

6

2

6

1
1

6
2

_

_

_

1

1
1
1

15
15

_
-

_

_

15
15
_

_

23
Table A-5a. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—
Large Establishments— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o re
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

H o urly earnings 2

O c c u p a tio n * and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

workers

t
$
$
*
s
S
*
U nderl1 * 60 1 .7 0 1 . 8 0 1 . 9 0 2.00 2.10 2.20 2 . 3 0
$
and
1 « 6 0 .under
t

N um b er
M e an 3

M e d ia n 3

M id d le ran ge 3

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

-

“

-

2.00 2.10 2.20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

*
*
$
2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0

$
$
2 .7 0 2 .8 0

s
2 .9 0

i
t
3 .0 0 3 .2 0

t
3 .4 0

t
*
3 .6 0 3 .8 0

$
*
i
4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0

2 .5 0 ? .6 0

2 .7 0

2. B0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0

3 .8 0 4 .0 0

4 .2 0 4 .4 0

-

4
3

4
4
”

4

6

10

and
over

T R U C KD RI VE RS5 - C O NT IN UE D
TRUCKDRIVERS, ME DI UM Cl-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONSI ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

448
143
305

$
3 .5 6
3 .1 7
3 .7 5

$
3 .8 0
3 .1 6
3 .8 4

$
3 .2 8 3 .1 0 3 .6 0 -

TRUCKDRIVERS, HE AV Y (OVER A TONS
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

350
156
194

3 .6 9
3 .5 2
3 .8 3

3 .8 1
3 .4 4
3 .9 0

3 .5 1 - 3 .9 3
3 .2 5 - 3 .7 4
3 .8 2 - 3 .9 5

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

1 ,7 3 1
1 ,5 9 7
134
128

3 .3 6
3 .3 4
3 .6 2
3 .6 3

3 .4 3
3 .4 2
3 .6 2
3 .6 2

3 .2 6 - 3 .5 0
3 . 2 3 - 3 .4 9
3 .5 3 - 3 .6 8
3 .5 4 - 3 .6 8

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------

391
378

3 .6 9
3 .7 1

3 .3 9
3 .3 9

3 .3 1 - 4 .3 3
3 .3 1 - 4 .3 4

1
2
3
4
5
6

$
3 .8 6
3 .4 6
3 .8 7

-

“

“

3

2
1

3

2
1

7
5

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

8
8

2

5
5
1

18
18

1

28
28

58
58

2

9
i

6
6

D a ta lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if ts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e an d ty p e o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .
W o rk e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s : 4 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; and 53 a t $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 .




~

-

42
42

_

97
97

72
67
5

8

2
2

69

68
1

44
31
13

94
94

289
282
7

130
130

7
1

96
33
63

1
1

4
4

4
4

48
40

214
3

2 211

15

163
3
160

1
1

776
724
52

236
183
53
53

30

18
18

23
19
4
4

27
27

15
15

18
13

4
4

20

12

“

-

15

50
30

52

20
20

6

4

_

15
15
“

-

15
15

“

"
63
63

657
57

24
B. Establishm ent Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 19 6 8 )
In e x p e rie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c tu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

O th e r i n e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f —

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

in dustrie s

in d ustries
All
schedules

37 y2

40

All
schedules

A ll
schedules

40

37 Vz

37 Vz

40

All
schedules

37 Vz

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ____________________________________

31 9

151

XXX

XXX

168

XXX

XXX

319

151

XXX

XXX

168

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ________________

145

88

9

77

57

12

31

157

92

11

79

65

14

38

U n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 ___________________ ______ ____________ __________
$ 6 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 50 ___________________________________
$ 6 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 6 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 6 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0___________________________________
$ 72 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 80 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 82 . 5 0 ______________________ ____________
$ 8 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 _________ ____________ ____________
$ 8 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 87 . 50 ___________________________________
$ 87 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 . ____ ______________________________
$ 9 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 50 ___________________________________
$ 9 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 9 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 9 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 _________________________________
$ 100. 00 a n d o v e r ____________________________________________

_
2
15
20
17
17
15
13
7
13
6
1
6
1
2
8
2

_
1
6
11
10
10
11
5
5
7
4
1
5
2
8
2

_
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
-

_
6
10
8
10
10
3
4
5
4
1
4
2
8
2

_
1
9
9
7
7
4
8
2
6
2
1
1
-

_
2
4
1
2
1
2
-

_
6
3
3
4
2
5
2
2
2
1
1
-

_
2
9
14
10
13
10
4
4
8
3
2
2
1
-

-

-

_
_
9
13
7
12
9
3
3
6
3
2
1
1
_
1
7
2

1
2
14
12
7
7
5
6
3
4
2
_
1
1
_
_
-

-

1
4
23
26
17
20
15
10
7
12
5
2
3
2
1
7
2

-

-

-

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _______________

75

27

XXX

XXX

48

XXX

XXX

87

31

XXX

XXX

56

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y _________________________________________________

99

36

XXX

XXX

63

XXX

XXX

75

28

XXX

XXX

47

XXX

XXX

1
2
3

-

1
7
2

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n im u m s t a r t i n g ( h ir i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t \ m e s a l a r i e s t h a t a r e p a i d f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r aJLl s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




_
2
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
_

.
1
2
4
1
2
2
1
_
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
11
3
4
4
3
5
2
2
2

_
1
1
_

_
_




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
^ A d ljD la n t _ ^ o r k e r _ s _ in jT T u n u f e £ t u r in g ^ _ 1 0 0 j3 e r £ e n t )_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ^ _ ^

P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —
L a t e - s h ift p a y p r o v isio n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s 1
f o r la te s h if ts

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n l a t e s h i f t s

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

S eco n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

T o t a l ____________________________________________

96. 0

8 9 .6

23. 3

7 .9

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t ______

2. 3

1 .4

.4

. 1

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t __________

93. 6

88. 1

22. 9

7. 7

5 9 .9

53. 3

13. 6

4. 9

T y p e and am o u n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:
U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) __________________
5 c e n t s ____________________________________
6 c e n t s ____________________________________
7 c e n t s ____________________________________
7 V c e n t s _________________________________
2
8 c e n t s _ __________________________________
9 c e n t s ____________________________________
10 c e n t s . _______________________________ __
1 1 c e n t s ___________________________________
12 c e n t s ___________________________________
I 2 V2 , 13, o r 14 c e n t s ___________________
15 c e n t s ___________________________________
16 c e n t s ___________________________________
17 c e n t s ___________________________________
18 c e n t s ___________________________________
19 c e n t s ___________________________________
2 0 c e n t s ___________________________________
2 3 c e n t s ___________________________________
2 4 c e n t s a n d o v e r _______________________
U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ________________________

4. 9
1. 1
1 .9
.4
10. 5
2. 0
13. 6
. 3
2 .9
1. 5
9 .9

.2
.4
.6
-

.4

. 1
5 .0
. 6
3. 5
1 .6

10. 0
.7
1 1 .0
1 .8
1 1 .6
.7
2. 3
2. 5
1. 1
1 .9
5. 0
3. 2

-

1.
.
.
.
2.
.
2.
.
.
.
2.

1
3
5
2
5
3
8
1
8
3
1

_
(2 )
. 1
(2 )

(2 )
1 .6
. 1
.7
.2

1. 1
. 1
1. 8
. 1
.4
(2 )
. 3
.2
(2 )
(2 )
.7
(2 )

-

30. 9

30. 4

8. 8

2. 5

5 p e r c e n t _________________________________
7 p e r c e n t _________________________________
7 V2 p e r c e n t _______________________________
10 p e r c e n t . . ______________________________
15 p e r c e n t _________________________________

18. 6
2. 6
9 .6
-

.5
1 .9
1 .2
25. 7
1. 1

6. 1
.5
2. 2
-

(2 )
. 1
. 1
2. 1
.2

O th e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ______________

2. 8

4. 5

.5

. 3

1 I n c l u d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r l a t e s h i f t s e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 . 05 p e r c e n t .

26

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________
U n d e r 35 h o u r s ____________________________________
35 h o u r s ____________________________________ _______
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 37*/2 h o u r s ___________________
3 7 Vz h o u r s _________________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s . __________________
40 h o u r s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 45 h o u r s ______________________
45 h o u r s _____ __________ _______ ____ _______________
4 7 V h o u r s _________________________________________
2
4 8 h o u r s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s . . ____________________________________




1
2
3
4
5
6

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 2

100
1
2
(6)
6
79
3
3
(6 )
3
2

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

100

100

100

100

2

-

-

-

-

89
3
1

30
63
2
1

-

-

-

-

6

1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 4

100

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 5

100

100

100

100

100

8
2
2
85
4

2
_
15
_
83

20
1
35
15
29

4
-

2
81
3
4
1
4
3

92
3
5

5
(6)
17
4
73
(6)

-

( 6)
17
1
82
-

(6)
2
3
94
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

(6 )

-

-

-

-

(6 )

_

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ich a m a jo r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .

27
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , C l e v e la n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll w o r k e r s ........................................................ .............
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s _____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s _________________________________

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 2

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

99

100

100

99

1

1

1

1
14
1
1
(5)
20
1
2
21
1
5
15
(5 )
14

(5)
3
1
2
1
17
1
2
20
2
8
21

2
"
-

A ll
in d u s tr ie s1

P u b lic
u tilitie s2

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 4

100

10 0

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

-

-

-

38
2
7
17
15
9
1
2
6
4

34
4
2
23
37
-

59
3
4
15
2
3
3
3
5
1
2

-

-

4
10
11
12
36
36
60
62
100
100
100
100
100

-

2
3
3
8
8
14
17
19
23
38
41
100
100
100
100
100

M anu­
A ll
i n d u s t r i e s 3 f a c t u r in g

-

(5)

-

2
38
2
26

(5 )
24
2
2
1
16
3
20
1
1
16
3
10

1
6
3
2
(5 )
12
3
26
1
2
24
4
17

<*>

(? )
(5 )

(5 )

N um ber of d ay s
L e s s th a n 6 h o l i d a y s _____ __________ ____ _________
6 h o l i d a y s ............... .....................................................................
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
6 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s _____________ _________
7 h o lid a y s __________ _____________________ __________
7 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ____________________ ____
7 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
8 h o l i d a y s _______ ___________________ _______ _______
8 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y _____ ____ ______________
8 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s ____ _____ ____________
9 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
10 h o lid a y s ________ _________________________________
10 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________
11 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
11 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------ ----- -----12 h o lid a y s _________________________________________

(? )
(S )
-

(5)
21
( !)
(*)
-

(5 )
15
15
36
37
60
61
83
84
98
98
98
98
99

1
21
22
51
53
75
77
95
96
98
99
99
99
99

54
27
16
-

29
1
5
19
3
3
19
~
4
3
14
-

33
-

(*)
(5 )

7

40
30
22
- '
-

-

T o t a l h o lid a y tim e 6
12 d a y s _____________________________________________
IIV 2 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________
1 1 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
10 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
9 V d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
2
9 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
8 V d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
2
8 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
6 72 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ____________ _______________________
5 V d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
2
5 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14
21
21
42
45
70
71
100
100
100
100
100

-

16
16
43
43
97
97
99
99
99
99
99

33
33
58
60
98
98
99
100
100

(5 )
1
1
11
13
30
31
54
55
73
76
98
98
99
99
99

-

~
(5)
17
22
47
48
76
77
91
93
99
100
100
100
100

-

22
22
52
52
93
93
99
99
99
99
99

-

37
37
62
66
100
100
100
100
100

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s
th o s e w ith 9 f u l l d a y s a n d no h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la te d .




28

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 8 )
O f f ic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A ll w o r k e r s -

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 2

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

100

100

100

100

100

99
92
7
1

100
90
8
2

99
94
4
-

100
97
3
-

100
96
4
-

(6 )

"

1

“

15
15
1
(4 )

20
15
1
1

10
14
-

(4 )
81
3
13
1
2
1

(4 )
80
5
10
1
3
1

48
10
39
1
2
1

14
24
1
3
1

A ll
M anu­
i n d u s t r i e s 4 f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 5

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
(6 )
-

100
99
1
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
97
3
-

100
100
-

(4 )

"

(4 )

■

“

_
10
13
-

2
53
8
-

_
17
-

17
39
16
3

_
28
72
“

_
89
11
-

(4 )
4
96
-

2
98
“

8
92
-

99
-

1
99
-

100
-

100
-

1
99
-

100
-

100
-

100

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a i d v a c a t io n s ----L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t.
_
. . .
P erc en tag e paym ent
O t h e r ____________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ________________________________
A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 7
A fte r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w eek_
_
1 w eek
O v er 1 and u n der 2 w ee k s —
2 w eeks -

-

14
22
1
-

_
15
-

6
41
12
1

5
48
13
2

_
92
8
“

20
1
76
1
2
"

_

_

8
1
85
2
4

55
45
-

4
1
92
2
2

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w e e k __
- — —
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _
___
______
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d er 3 w e e k s ___
3 w eeks _
_
O ver 3 and u n der 4 w ee k s

_

_

68
31
"

67
33
-

36
63
“

27
2
70
“

20
1
79
-

_

2
1
97
-

"

12
1
86
"

1
98
-

12
1
86
-

2
1
97
-

'

-

~

_

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------ ---- --------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____
__
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
—
---3 w e e k s ______________________________ — ---------------O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s .
___

57

3
1
90
3
4
"

13
(6 )

86
“

(6 )

"

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d er 3 w e e k s 3 w eeks
______________________ ___
_ __ ---O v e r 3 an d u n d er 4 w e e k s .

15
16
64
2
2
1

19
24
49

9
21
64
3
2
1

10
31
50
4
4
1

3

4
1

1
98
-

1
(4 )

91
4
4
"

1
1
85
7
6
"

97
3

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks ______ - — —
— — - ----O v e r 2 an d u n d er 3 w e e k s .
___
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d er 4 w e e k s — — —




S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b le .

1
(4 )

91
4
4
“

1
1
84
7
7

"

_

97
3

-

_

-

29
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 19 6 8 )
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A ll
in d u s tr ie s2

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

1
1
77
4
16
1
(6 )

1
2
81
7
8
1
1

_
94
5
-

4
76
19
-

_
48
52
-

-

-

-

1
18
17
57
4
4

1
19
26
45
5
4

-

1
16
1
68
14

10
85
5

1
12
19
58
6
4
-

1
12
28
46
9
4
-

7
1
91

1
12
1
72

85

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

7
*

1
6
66
9
18
(6 )

1
5
65
14
16
(6 )

1
6
37
3
48
2
3
(6 )

1
5
38
5
45
3
2
(6 )

1
6
25
2
56
2
9
(6 )

1
5
25
3
56
3
7
1

A ll
M anu­
i n d u s t r i e s 4 f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 5

_
94
6
-

1
90
9
-

_
65
35
-

_
86
3
10
-

-

-

-

-

1
25
7
62
5

15
83
3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 7 — C o n tin u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek_
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __ __
_______ ___
2 w e e k s __ __ ___
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ___ ________ ____ ___ _________________ __
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

(‘ )
(6 )
80
4
16
-

(‘ )
(6 )
75
6
19
-

-

-

(6 )
23
2
66
4
4

(6 )
16
2
66
8
7

(6)
20
3
66
6
4
(6)

(6)
12
3
66
12
7
-

(6 )
7
70
5
17
(6)

(6)
4
63
8
24
(6 )

(*)
7
31
(6)
57
1
3
(6 )

(‘ )
3
16
1
72
2
6
(6 )

(6 )
6
24
(6 )
58
2
9
1

(6)
3
12
(6)
68
2
13
1

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek2 w eeks . . .
O v er 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s .
3 w eeks - - - - O v er 3 and u n der 4 w ee k s
4 w eeks -

_
7
1
91
-

_

_
23
74
3

_

_
39
1
60
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w ee k s. —
.
. .
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __ _______ ________
3 w e e k s ______ - ________ ____
__ __ ___
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ________ ___ - - - — ___
5 w e e k s _____
__
— _
_ _

_
8
-

_

_

_

74

1
22
7
65

81

37
3
60

-

-

-

-

(6)
3

5
-

4
-

-

23
-

15
-

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
2 w eeks _
_3 w eeks O v e r 3 an d u n d er 4 w e e k s 4 w eeks _
_
__ ___
5 w eeks —
_
______ __

__

______

___

_
(6 )
61
-

38
-

1
2
61
1
34
-

_

10
73
-

17
-

-

6
87
-

4
3

1
7
72
7
13
-

_
11
50
-

38
-

-

8
90
1
1
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s - -------- ------------------------------ —
- —
— __
3 w e e k s ____ _____
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------- — —
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________
5 w e e k s __ - 6 w eeks

_
(6 )
(6)
1
98

1
2
47

_
10
35

-

-

36

51

-

-

-

-

14
-

3
*

1
2
43

10
17

-

-

-

99

31

56

-

-

-

-

23
-

17

-

_
6
(6)

1
7
55

-

_

11
29

8
75

-

-

-

-

91

31

60

17

-

-

-

-

(6 )
3

5
-

-

-

-

-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________
____
2 w e e k s __ ___
3 w eeks ___
— O v e r 3 an d u n d er 4 w e e k s
4 w e e k s _ __ _ — - - ____ - _ ______ _ _
O v er 4 and u n der 5 w e e k s____________ __
5 w ppks
6 w e e k s -___ -— ——




S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b le .

_
(6 )

-

_

_

1
7
51

_

-

11
14

8
57

-

-

-

-

78

31

-

-

13
3

10

72
2
“

31
4
"

6
(6 )

30
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 8 )
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 2

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

A ll
M anu­
i n d u s t r i e s 4 f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n e e 5

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 7— C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k - _________ _____ - - - - 2 w e e k s —_—— — ———— — —— —— — ——— —— —
3 w e e k s —____ __ ____ __ — — — —— — — ——
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s ____________________________ _____ __________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________
5 w eeks —
_—
_ _
_
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s _____ ,__________________
6 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

i
6
25
2
53
3
10
1

i
5
25
3
54
4
8
1

1
6
25
2
53
3
10

1
5
25
3
54

_
(6)
81
17
-

1
2
43
31
23
(6 )

_
10
17
56
17
-

(6 )
6
24
(‘ )
54
2
12
(*)
1

(6)
3
12
(6 )
63
3
16
(6 )
2

(6 )
6
24
(*)
54
2
12
2

(6)
3
12
(6 )
63
3
15
2

(6 )

(6 )

_
6
(6 )
65
26
3

1
7
51
_
31
_
9
1

.
11
14
72
_
2
_

.
8
57
_
31
3
1
_

-

-

11
14
72
_
2
_

8
57
.
30
3
1
_
1

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i l a b l e
1 w eek
_
_
____
2 w e e k s - ___
3 w eeks
- — —
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ___
_ _____
___ _
__ ___
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________
5 w e e k s _ — — ____
__
— _
6 w e e k s __________ ____ _______ ___________________
O v er 6 w ee k s_

2

4
7

2

_
( 6)
81
17
-

1
2
43
31
-

23
(6 )

_
10
17
-

56
17
-

_
6
(6 )
65
26
3

1
7
51
31
_
9
1

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p l a n s su c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s a n d t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s
b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s
w ith q u a lify in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f su c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s
in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
7 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v ic e w e re c h o se n a r b it r a r i ly an d do not n e c e s s a r il y
r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s
fo r p r o g re ssio n .
F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E stim a te s
a r e c u m u l a t iv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




31

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it

A l l w o r k e r s ----

-----

--------------- _ --------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g at
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s sh o w n b e l o w _______

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 2

100

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

100

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e tail
tra d e

100

100

100

A ll
in d u s tr ie s4

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

100

100

P u b l ic
u tilitie s3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

100

100

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 5

100

100

99

99

99

100

98

99

99

99

97

96

100

L if e i n s u r a n c e _________________________________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h a n d d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e . ___ ____________ ________ _______ ____
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o th 6__________________________

98

99

99

100

95

95

98

99

96

92

93

72

79

73

81

50

66

72

70

82

28

57

92

96

84

96

85

81

85

80

72

85

82

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e __________
S i c k le a v e ( fu ll p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r io d ) - __
S i c k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) - _
_

86

95

41

88

72

45

61

16

55

44

21

6

3

27

15

7

57

66

30

50

21

76

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n in s u r a n c e __________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ______________________ __
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e _________________ _____
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e . . . . . . ______
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n __ _
_ -

6

1

26

-

19

10

1

46

-

44

5

92
92
73
34
85

98
99
85
33
92

99
99
77
80
82

94
92
83
32
71

69
69
39
28
72

90
90
75
63
79

96
96
83
60
87

99
99
96
96
74

81
78
68
47
55

66
68
26
49
70

82
85
60
72
77

1 I n c lu d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ,
an d r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .
6 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h ich d e f in i t e l y
e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




32
Table B-7. Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n of p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 2

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 4

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u tilitie s3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e tail
tra d e

F in a n c e 5

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

78
76
32
43

100
99
42
57

94
86
31
56

90
66
9
57

100
71
1
69

100
78
2
75

100
88
1
87

100
52

100
66

100
62

52

66

62

14

53

22

10

9

7

46

11

3

6

4

36

43

25

25

5

46

21
7
17
7
7
1
8
4
4
2

___ ___

100

8

__

100

17

_

100

83
76
29
47

A l l w o r k e r s _________

18
2
22
10
10
1
12
6
7

1

27
8

43
24
10

24
29

25
22

16
12

27
48

58
34

15
38

66
31
3

67
31
3

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1

P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d i n g to
3

P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th of

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in i n g in c e n t iv e p a y o f
o f f ic e w o r k e r s not p r e s e n t e d

(6)
6

(6)
9

F r e q u e n c y of w a g e p a y m e n t
piy^pplfl y

( 6)

33
61
6

62
28
10

81
19

18
41
38
3

15
36
46
2

11
67
19
3

22
20
49

75
21
4

58

( 6)
r

1
2
3
4
5
6

F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e th o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n , s e e I n tr o d u c tio n .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s o n
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m is t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n t a l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y of n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a f a n fo ld
m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~ o r ~ p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
and sta n d a r d ty p e s o f s a l e s and c r e d it s l ip s .

CLERK,

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by han d.

CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on ti m e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r se c tio n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d , u s u a lly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .

CO M PTO M ETER O PERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o *
k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to o n e p h a sq
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o l v e s p o s tin g a n d b a l a n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s - a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

KEYPUNCH O PERATOR

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d p e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o r k i s su b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




ORDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

CLERK,

F IL E

33

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

34
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n c h e d c a r d s :
O p e ra te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a t a to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e an d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E BO Y OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a te s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r su b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l in q u i r i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c lu s io n s

N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s ; (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p ^ d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in it io n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e n o t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n t ify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A
over

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

se g ­

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d iv is io n )
o F a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k . ( S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )
ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o r o u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o rk .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to d o in g
r o u tin e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s i g n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r
in t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t ly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia te fo r c a ll s .)
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
i f th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n
p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

35
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t an d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's ti m e w h ile a t
sw it c h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

G EN ERAL

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h i n e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , a n d p e r f o r m s d if f i c u l t
w ir i n g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a l l t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y a n d d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s l e g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IST
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e o ut b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a i l .
G l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l f o r m w h en it
i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n if o r m i t y a n d
b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E SSIO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

D RA FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc .
R e c e i v e s in it i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f

c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W o rk i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk an d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , * d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r * s h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

36
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A I N T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s su c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t S u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R , ST A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in i n g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e them one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly i n g , l i f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s i o n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r i c a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .- W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l in g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A I N T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g u p o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y i n g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a li n in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o i l o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s an d r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , an d fix t u r e s o f an e s ta b lish m e n t.
W o rk in ­
v o l v e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite l e a d , a n d o th e r p a in t i n g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s ta b lish m e n t.
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : L a y i n g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g i n s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l l i n g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p l u m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E ( M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l l i n g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l , r o o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f




37
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n i n g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l an d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T

G U A RD AN D W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l ic e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te a n d
c h e c k o n id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g u p b i l l s o f la d i n g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m e n t. R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f il e s .

th e f t ,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
an d ille g a l e n try .

JA N I T O R ,

PO RTER,

OR CLEA N ER

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo ll o w s :
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o l is h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d in g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER.

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d i n g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RD ER,

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t ,
a s fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; - w a r e h o u s e st o c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ’ o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
to f i l l i n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (lV z to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r . , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,

PO W ER

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f i t e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g ; K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a t a on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s ta b lish m e n t.

m a n u a l ly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t , o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s fo ll o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( f o r k lif t )
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )







A v a ila b le On R e q u e s t ---T h e ninth a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torn eys, c h e m ists, en gin eers, engineering technicians, d raftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s of o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1617, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 6 8 . S e v e n t y - f i v e
c e n t s a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c lu d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t the
r e q u e s t o f the W age a n d H o u r a n d P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f th e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u lletin s m a y be p u r c h a se d fro m
the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s sh o w n on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
A rea
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------------------------A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1968 * -----------S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 --------------------------A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
B
E
N.
J u n e 1968 1_______________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1968 1-------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , S e p t . 1968 1 ___________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1968 1 ____
P
O
B i n g h a m t o n , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1---------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1968 1------------------------------ -----B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1968 1 -------------- -----------------------B u f f a l o , N. Y. , D e c . 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------------------B u r l i n g t o n , V t. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------C a n t o n , O hio, J u n e 1968 1_______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1-----------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1968 1____________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * ----------------------G
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , Ohio— y . —
K
Ind. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 1--------------------C l e v e l a n d , O hio, S e p t . 19 6 8 1____________________________
C o l u m b u s , O hio, O ct. 1967 ---------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , N ov. 1 9 6 7 _________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l in e , Iow a—
R
M
111. ,
Oct. 1 9 6 8 ________________________________________________
D a y to n , Ohio, J a n . 1 9 6 8 1------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1967 * ________ _____________________
D e s M o i n e s , Io w a, F e b . 1 9 6 8 1----------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________
F o r t W o rth, T e x . , N o v . 19 6 7 ____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1968 1____-_____-_________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1968 1____________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * ______________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1967 1 ----------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 1-------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , Mo. — a n s . , S e p t . 1968 1 ----------------------K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — H. , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * _______
H
N.
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968 1 _____
N
L o s A n g e le s— ong B e a c h and A n ah eim — anta A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 _____________________
L o u isv ille , K y .—
Ind. , F e b . 1 9 6 8 ________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1968 1__________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , J a n . 1968 1_____________________
A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1967 1------------------------------------------M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , J u n e 1968 1 ________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------1

B u lletin num ber
and p ric e
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1575-86,
1575-71,
1625-8,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1575-59,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1575-41,
1575-48,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1625-14,
1575-81,
1575-62,
1625-19,
1575-23,
1575-20,

40
35
50
30
35
30
35
50
30
20
30
30
30
35
50
30
50
25
25

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1625-16,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1575-22,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1575-36,
1575-49,
1575-33,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625-11,

30
30
25
30
35
25
35
30
45
30
30
20
45
30
35

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1575-64,
1575-50,
1575-77,
1625-4,
1575-32,
1575-28,
1575-72,
1575-67,

30
30
30
35
25
25
30
30

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

D a ta on e sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s an d su p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p rov isio n s are a lso p rese n ted .




A rea
M i n n e a p o l i s - S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 ----- — ---------- M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 8 * ---------M
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N. J . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 1---------------N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1968 1 ___ ______________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 ___________________ _______
N e w Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------------O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------O m a h a , N e b r . — o w a , O c t. 1967 1 _______________________
I
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N. J . , M a y 1968 1 ------------C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J . , N ov. 1967 1----------- —-----------N.
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1968 1_____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ________ _____ ______—---------P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . , M a y 1968 1 -------------- -----------W
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R . I . — a s s . ,
W
M
M a y 1 9 6 8 _________________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N. C. , A u g . 1968 1 ---- ----------------------------- ----R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v . 1967 1 _______________________ -— —
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1 9 6 8 l ._
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1968 1-----------------------------------------St. L o u is , M o .—
111., J a n . 19 6 8 __________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U ta h , D e c . 1 9 6 7 --------------------------------S a n A n t o n io , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
San B e r n a r d in o — i v e r s i d e — n tario , C alif. ,
R
O
O c t. 1968 1 _______________________________________________
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------------S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 -----------------O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1968 1 ----------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1968 1 _______________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v . 1967 1
E
________________
S i o u x F a l l s , S . D a k . , O c t. 1967 1 ------------------------------S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1968 1_________________________ _
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 __________________________ —
S y r a c u s e , N . Y. , J u l y 1968 1 --------------------------------------T a m p a — t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 6 8 -------------------S
T o l e d o , O h io— i c h . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 _________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N. J . , O c t. 1968 1______________________________
U t i c a — o m e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 ---------------------------------R
W a s h i n g t o n , D. C . — d. — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 _______________
M
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , A p r . 1968 1 ____________________ _____
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1967 ______________________ —___ __
W ic h it a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------—
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1968 1 ________ —____ ___________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1968 1-------------------------- ----- ---- — -----Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O hio, N o v . 1967 1 ------ -------------W

B u lletin n um b er
and p r ic e
1575-47,
1575-60,
1575-54,
1575-34,
1575-46,
1575-78,

30
30
35
25
30
50

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents

157 5 - 8 5 ,
1625-9,
1575-21,
1575-83,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
1625-20,
1575-80,

30
30
25
40
30
30

cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

1575-61,
1625-13,
1575-27,
1625-2
1575-70,
1575-39,
1575-35,
1575-69,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-25,
1575-19,
1575-37,
1625-21,
157 5 - 7 3 ,
1625-12,
1575-29,
1575-17,
1575-56,
1575-79,
1625-5,
1625-10,
1575-43,
1625-18,
1 6 2 5 - 1,
1625-22,
1575-53,
1575-26,
1575-31,
1575-76,
1575-42,
1575-25,

40 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212
O F F IC IA L




B U S IN E S S

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. DEPARTMENT OP LABOR

("f i r s t c l a s s m a i l "!

I____________________________________ I