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L 2 .3 ;

IS 7 S --L X

A re a Wage S u rv e y

Dayton & M o n tg o m ery Co
P u blic Library

SEPB - 1968
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

The Cincinnati, Ohio—Kentucky—Indiana,
Metropolitan Area
March 1968
WARREN

HAMI LT ON

Bulletin No. 1575-62




| (CLERMONT
DEARBORN*

[Cincinnati,

mmimi

( C A MP B E L L

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR ST A T I S T I CS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

Region I
John F. Kennedy Federal Building
Government Center, Room 1603-B
Boston, Mass. 02203
T e l.: 223-6762

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
T e l.: 971-5405

Region III
1015 Chestnut St.
Room 818
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
T e l.: 597-7796

Region IV
1371 Peachtree St. , NE,
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
T e l.: 526-5418

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
T e l.: 353-7230

Region VI
Federal Office Building
Third Floor
911 Walnut St.
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
T e l.: 374-2481

Region VII
Mayflower Building
Room 337
411 North Akard St.
Dallas^ Tex. 75201
Tel. : 749-3616

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate .Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
T e l.: 556-4678




Area Wage Survey
The Cincinnati, Ohio—
Kentucky—
Indiana,
Metropolitan Area




March 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-62
July 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ben Burdetsky, Acting Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
P a ge

T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v id e data on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a ge p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d e t a ile d d ata b y s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n fo r e a ch
o f the a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and f o r the
U n ited S ta te s .
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a t io n in the p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l , and (2) the s t r u c ­
tu r e and le v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .
A t th e end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a re a b u l­
le t in p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a ch a r e a stu d ied . A fte r
c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r a rou n d
o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a rt b r in g s d ata f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s
stu d ie d in to on e b u lle tin . T he s e c o n d p a rt p r e s e n ts i n f o r ­
m a t io n w h ic h h as b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o lita n a r e a d ata to r e la t e t o g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s and the
U n ited S ta te s .

I n t r o d u c t io n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W age tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

B.

E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s c u r r e n t ly a re in clu d e d in the
p r o g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , in fo r m a t io n on o ccu p a tio n a l e a r n ­
in g s is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly and on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s
and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u lt s of the s u r v e y in
C in c in n a ti, O h icr-K y.—I n d ., in M a r c h 1968.
The S ta n da rd
M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the B u rea u o f
the B u d g e t th ro u g h A p r il 19 6 7, c o n s is t s o f C le r m o n t ,
H a m ilt o n , and W a r r e n C o u n t ie s , O h io; B o o n e , C a m p b e ll,
and K e n to n C o u n t ie s , K y .; and D e a r b o r n C ou nty, Ind.
T h is
stu d y w a s co n d u c te d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f fic e in
C h ic a g o , 111., T h o m a s J. M c A r d le , D ir e c t o r .
The stu dy
w a s u n d er th e g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n of W o o d ro w C. L in n ,
A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r o f O p e r a t io n s .




1
4

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b er s tu d ied ________________________________________________________
In d ex es o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e
h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s _________________________

4

O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A -l.
O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s —m e n and w o m e n __________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s — e n and w o m e n —
m
A - 3 . O f fic e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____ _____________
A - 4 . M a in ten a n ce and p o w e r plan t o c c u p a t io n s ____________________
A - 5 . C u sto d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s _____________

10
11
12

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . M in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s ___
B - 2 . Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ______________________________________________
B - 3 . S ch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s _______________________________________
B - 4 . P a id h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------B - 5 . P a id v a c a t io n s __________________________________________________
B - 6 . H ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s _______________________
B - 7 . P r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e w o r k ___________________________ —

14
15
16
17
18
21
22

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le f o r o th e r
(S ee in s id e b a c k c o v e r .)

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and s u p ­
p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s in the C in cin n a ti a r e a is a ls o
a v a ila b le f o r m e n 's and b o y s ' su its and c o a ts (A p r il 1967);
and on e a rn in g s o n ly f o r s e le c t e d fo o d s e r v i c e o c c u p a t io n s
(M a r c h 1968).
U nion s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y
l e v e l s , a re a v a ila b le f o r b u ild in g c o n s t r u c tio n ; p r in tin g ;
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p lo y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s ,
h e lp e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a t io n s .

iii

3

6
9

23




Area W age Survey---The Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e re w e e k ly h o u rs
a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the
sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s ( e x c lu s iv e o f pa y
fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in gs f o r th e s e o c c u p a t io n s have b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h ich the U .S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s co n d u cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a rn in g s
and r e la t e d b e n e fit s on an a r e a w id e b a s is .
In th is a r e a , data w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e ­
s e n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M a n u ­
fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta t e ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m itt e d b e c a u s e th ey ten d to fu rn is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S ep a ra te ta b u la tio n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b ­
lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a tes.
In d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if f e r in p a y le v e l and jo b
s ta ffin g and, th u s, c o n tr ib u te d if f e r e n t ly to the e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
The p a y r e la t io n s h ip ob ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w a g e s p r e a d o r d if f e r e n t ia l m a in ta in e d a m o n g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
S im ila r ly , d if f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y
le v e ls f o r m e n and w o m e n in a n y o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s sh ou ld
not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d if f e r e n c e s in p a y tr e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s ib le f a c t o r s w h ich m a y
c o n trib u te to d if f e r e n c e s in p a y fo r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s , s in c e on ly the
a ctu a l r a te s p a id in cu m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d if f e r e n c e s in s p e c if ic
d u ties p e r f o r m e d , a lth ou g h the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly
w ith in the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n .
J ob d e s c r i p t i o n s u se d in
c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d
than th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r
d if f e r e n c e s a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cte d o n a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied .
In c o m b in in g the d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iven th e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t.
E s­
tim a te s b a s e d o n the e s t a b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g ro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in
a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu d y and not the n u m b e r
a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s tr u c t u r e
a m on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
ta in ed f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ica te
the r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d if f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t io n a l s tr u c t u r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a rn in g s data.

T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1) O f fic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in te n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t; and (4) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e jo b .
T he o c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d f o r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the a p p en d ix.
The e a rn in g s data fo llo w in g
the jo b t it le s a r e f o r a l l in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in g s data f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e
e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ough
data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t da ta .

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W a ge P r o v is io n s
I n fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e le c t e d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s as th ey
r e la t e to plan t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , and
p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t io n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u tiliz e d
as a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e
w o r k in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n and tr a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
" O f f ic e w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s .
C a fe t e r ia w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a re
e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u s t r ie s .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e sh ow n f o r
f u ll- t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in the g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c la s s if i c a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ift s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g




1

2
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b lis h m e n t s v is it e d . B e c a u s e o f the o p tim u m
s a m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b ilit y that la r g e e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h av e f o r m a l e n tr a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l le v e l than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the ta b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s i n m e d iu m and la r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l da ta (ta b le B -Z ) a r e lim it e d to pla n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s .
T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , and (Z) e f f e c t iv e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c if ie d s h ift at the tim e o f the
su rvey.
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r ie d d if f e r e n t ia ls , the a m ou n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m ou n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r it y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s (ta b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d as a p p ly in g to
a ll o f th e p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b lis h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h f u ll- t i m e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a ig h t -t im e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p la n s ; and p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e w o r k (ta b le s B - 4 th ro u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll
p la n t o r o f f i c e , w o r k e r s if a m a jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the p r a c t i c e s lis t e d .
S u m s o f in d iv id u a l
it e m s in ta b le s B -Z th ro u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l to t a ls b e c a u s e o f
ro u n d in g .
D a ta on p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B -4 ) a r e lim it e d to data on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n te d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v id e d f o r
in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (Z) h av e b e e n e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g r a n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th ou gh th e y m a y f a ll on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y and the w o r k e r is n ot g ra n te d a n o th e r d a y o ff.
The fir s t
p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g ra n te d . T he s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s to sh ow to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .

D ata on h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) in ­
clu d e th o s e plan s fo r w h ich the e m p lo y e r p a y s at le a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t . S u ch pla n s in clu d e th o s e u n d e r w r itt e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d th ro u g h a u n io n fun d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
An e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h av e a p la n
if the m a jo r it y o f e m p lo y e e s w e r e e l ig ib le to b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p la n , e v e n if l e s s than a m a jo r it y e l e c t e d to p a r t ic ip a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e r e r e q u ir e d to co n tr ib u te to w a r d the c o s t o f the p la n . L e ­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to that ty p e o f
in s u r a n c e u n der w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s to w h ic h the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s . H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
h ave e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,2 p la n s a re in c lu d e d o n ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
tr ib u t e s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (Z) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fit s w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a re lim it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 3 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep a ra te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (Z) p la n s
w h ich p r o v id e e ith e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n to
the p r e s e n ta t io n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d
to ta l is show n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th ty p e s o f b e n e f it s .

C a ta s tro p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a jo r m e d ­
ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
paym ent of d o c to r s ' fe e s.
Such p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t io n s o r th e y m a y
b e p a id f o r b y the e m p lo y e r ou t o f a fund s e t a s id e fo r th is p u r p o s e .
T a b u la tio n s of r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to th o s e p la n s
that p r o v id e r e g u la r p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's l if e .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s (ta b le B -5 ) is lim it e d to a
s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v i s i o n s .
It is not in ten d ed as a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f it s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t f o r a ll le n g th s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th e r than a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f Z p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u iv ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s tim a te s e x c lu d e v a c a t io n - s a v in g s p la n s and
th o s e w h ic h o f f e r "e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s ic
p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v i c e . T y p ic a l o f su ch
e x c lu s io n s a r e p la n s in the s t e e l, a lu m in u m , and ca n in d u s t r ie s .

D ata on o v e r t im e p r e m iu m p a y (ta b le B - 7 ) , the h o u r s a fte r
w h ich p r e m iu m p a y is r e c e iv e d and the c o r r e s p o n d in g r a te o f p a y , a r e
p r e s e n t e d b y d a ily and w e e k ly p r o v i s i o n s .
D a ily o v e r t im e r e f e r s to
w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c if ie d n u m b e r o f h o u r s a da y r e g a r d l e s s o f
the n u m b er o f h o u rs w o r k e d on o th e r d a y s o f the p a y p e r io d . W e e k ly
o v e r t im e r e f e r s to w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f h o u rs
p e r w e e k r e g a r d le s s o f the da y on w h ich it is p e r f o r m e d , the n u m b e r
o f h o u rs p er d a y, o r n u m ber o f d a y s w o r k e d .

1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.

w ritten ,




it met either of the following
T h e tem p orary d isa b ility law s in C a lifo r n ia and R hode Islan d do not requ ire e m p lo y e r
formal provisions covering
co n trib u tio n s.
if it (1) had operated late
An estab lish m e n t w as con sidered as h a v in g a fo rm a l p la n if it e sta b lish e d a t le a s t the
written ,form for operating
m in im u m num ber o f days o f sick le a v e a v a ila b le to e a ch e m p lo y e e .
Such a p la n n e e d not be
b ut in form al sick le a v e

a llo w a n ce s,

d e te rm in e d

on an

in d iv id u a l b a sis, w ere

e x c lu d e d .

3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and W o r k e r s W ithin S cop e of S u rve y and N u m b er Studied in C in c in n a ti, O h io—K y . —
Ind. , 1 by M a jo r Industry D i v i s i o n ,2 M a r c h 1968
N u m b er of esta b lish m e n ts

In d u stry d iv isio n

M in im u m
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in scope
o f study

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin sc o p e of study

W ithin scope
of s tu d y 3

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

P lan t
N u m b er

A l l d iv is io n s ______________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5___________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___________________________________
R e ta il tr a d e _________________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e -------------S e r v ic e s 8____________________________________________

.

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

919

222

2 4 7 ,9 0 0

100

1 5 8 ,5 0 0

4 1 ,2 0 0

1 4 8 ,6 9 0

-

457
46 2

104
118

1 5 6 ,8 0 0
9 1 ,1 0 0

63
37

1 0 5 ,5 0 0
5 3 ,0 0 0

2 1 ,0 0 0
2 0 ,2 0 0

9 3 ,0 9 0
5 5 ,6 0 0

50
50
50
50
50

76
105
134
57
90

30
14
29
18
27

2 6 ,7 0 0
9 ,7 0 0
3 0 ,5 0 0
1 2 ,2 0 0
1 2 ,0 0 0

11
4
12
5
5

1 5 ,6 0 0

4 ,4 0 0

2 0 ,8 4 0
1 ,6 2 0
1 9 ,3 5 0
7 ,8 5 0
5 ,9 4 0

50

C
)
( )
( )
(6 )

(!)
( )
(J
(6 )

1 T h e C in cin n ati Stan d ard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by the B u reau of the B udget through A p r il 1 9 6 7 , c o n sists o f C le r m o n t, H a m ilto n , and W a r r e n C o u n tie s, O h io; B o o n e ,
C a m p b e ll, and Kenton C o u n tie s , K y . ; and D e arb orn County, Ind.
The "w o r k e r s within sc o p e o f stu d y " e s tim a te s shown in this table p ro v id e a rea so n a b ly a c c u r a te d e sc r ip tio n of the s iz e and
c o m p o sitio n of the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y .
The e stim a te s a r e not in tend ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r iso n with other em p lo y m en t in dexes for the a rea to m e a s u r e
e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s or le v e ls s in c e (1 ) planning o f wage su rv e y s re q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data co m p iled c o n sid e r a b ly in ad vance o f the p a y r o ll p erio d stu d ied , and (2 ) s m a ll esta b lish m en ts
a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the sc o p e o f the su r v e y .
2 Th e 1967 edition o f the Stan dard In d u strial C la s s ific a tio n M an u al w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in du stry d iv isio n .
3 In clud es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts with total em p loym en t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tle ts (w ithin the area ) o f com p an ie s in such in d u strie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto rep air s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d as 1 esta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and other w o rk ers excluded fr o m the se p a r a te plant and o ffic e c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n sp ortation w e r e ex clu d ed .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e s e n te d in e stim a te s for "a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and fo r "a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
S ep arate p resen tation
of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m a d e fo r one or m o r e of the follow ing r e a so n s:
(1 ) E m p lo y m en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a l l to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it se p a r a te stu d y, ( 2 ) the sa m p le w as
not d e sig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , (3 ) resp o n se was in su fficie n t or inadequate to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , and ( 4 ) th ere is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual
e sta b lish m e n t d ata.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m this en tire in d u stry d iv isio n a r e re p r e se n te d in e stim a te s for " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p ortion only in e stim a te s
for " a l l in d u s t r i e s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s .
S ep arate presen tation o f data for this d iv isio n is not m a d e for on e or m o r e of the r e a so n s given in footnote 6 ab ove.
8 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and other p e r so n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p ark in g; m otion p ic tu r e s ; n onprofit m e m b e r s h ip org a n iza tio n s (excluding re lig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and en g in eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




T h r e e -fifth s of the w o r k e r s within sc o p e o f the su rv e y in the C incinn ati a r e a w e r e
T h e follow in g tab le p r e se n ts the m a jo r in du stry grou ps
em ployed in m an ufacturin g f ir m s ,
and sp e c ific in d u strie s as a p erc en t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:
In d ustry groups

S p e cific in d u str ie s

T r an sp ortation equ ipm en t----------- 19
M a c h in e r y , ex cept e l e c t r i c a l — 14
Food and kind red p ro d u c ts______ 12
C h e m ic a ls and a llied p r o d u c ts .. 10
F a b ric a te d m e ta l p ro d u c ts____
9
7
P rinting and p u b lish in g -----------E le c t r ic a l equipm ent and
s u p p lie s _________________________

A ir c r a f t and p a r t s __________________ 9
M e ta lw o rk in g m a c h in e r y __________ 9
M o to r v e h ic le s and
eq u ip m e n t_________________________ 9
S oap , c le a n e r s , and
to ile t g o o d s _______________________ 6
B e v e r a g e s ____________________________ 4

6

T h is in fo rm ation is b ased on e stim a te s of total em p lo y m en t d eriv e d fr o m u n iv e rse
P r o p o r tio n s in v a r io u s in du stry d iv isio n s m a y
m a te r ia ls com p iled p r io r to actu al su rv e y .
d iffe r from p roportion s based on the r e su lts o f the su rv e y as shown in table 1 a b o v e.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d plan t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r i o d (d a te o f th e a r e a s u r v e y co n d u c te d
b e tw e e n J u ly I9 6 0 and June 1 9 6 1).
S u b tra ctin g 100 f r o m the in d e x
y ie ld s the p e r c e n t a g e ch a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r io d to the
d a te o f th e in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e o r in c r e a s e r e la t e to
w a g e ch a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a t e d d a t e s .
T h e s e e s t im a t e s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f ch a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th ey a r e n ot in te n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e a r e a .
M e th o d o f C om p u tin g

in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p . T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e ig h ts r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
e m p lo y m e n ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s f o r
e a ch o c c u p a t io n w e r e m u lt ip lie d b y th e o c c u p a t io n a l w e ig h t, and th e
p r o d u c ts f o r a ll o c c u p a t io n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a le d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s w e r e r e la t e d

by

d iv id in g

the

a ggreg ate fo r

th e la t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lta n t
r e la t iv e , le s s 100 p e r c e n t , sh o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e in d e x
is the p r o d u c t o f m u ltip ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (1 0 0 ) b y th e r e la t iv e
f o r the n ext s u c c e e d in g y e a r and co n tin u in g to m u lt ip ly (c o m p o u n d )
e a ch y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y the p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d e x .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s
f o r th e fo llo w in g o c c u p a t io n s w e r e u s e d in co m p u tin g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

E a ch o f th e s e le c t e d k e y o c c u p a t io n s w ith in an o c c u p a t io n a l
g ro u p w a s a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

Table 2.

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of Standard Weekly Salaries and Straight-Time Hourly Earnings for Selected Occupational Groups in Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky. -Ind. ,
March 1968 and March 1967, and Percents of Increase for Selected Periods
Indexes
(March 1961=100)

Industry and occupational group
March 1968

March 1967

Percents of increase
March 1967
to
March 1968

March 1966
to
March 1967

March 1965
to
March 1966

March 1964
to
March 1965

March 1963
to
March 1964

March 1962
to
March 1963

March 1961
to
March 1962

\

February 1960
to
March 1961

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and wom en)-------Industrial nurses (men and wom en)-----Skilled maintenance (men)-------------------Unskilled plant (m en )---------------------------

126.2
128.1
128.0
132.4

120.2
118.6
120.4
124.9

5 .0
8 .1
6 .4
6 .0

4 .6
5 .4
4 .4
3 .9

2 .3
1.8
3 .8
5 .6

2.9
3.8
2.6
2.5

2 .3
1.9
2. 5
3 .0

3 .0
3 .5
3 .9
2 .9

3. 6
1 .0
1. 6
4. 8

2 .7
5. 3
5 .2
6 .0

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and wom en)-------Industrial nurses (men and w om en)-----Skilled maintenance (men)-------------------Unskilled plant (m en )---------------------------

124.3
128.6
127.7
130.2

118.3
118.4
119.9
123.3

5. 1
8 .6
6 .6
5. 6

4 .2
4 .0
4 .9
3 .7

2 .5
2 .8
3 .4
4 .7

2.2
3.8
2.2
2.6

2 .2
2. 5
2. 7
2 .4

2. 7
3 .0
4 .0
3. 1

3.
1.
1.
4.

2 .9
5 .4
5. 1
6. 6




3
0
3
8

5
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la t e s h ift s . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t io n s a n d in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o r t a n t jo b s w ith in
e a ch grou p.
L im it a t io n s

C h a n g e s in th e la b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It is c o n c e iv a b le
that e v e n th ou gh a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im i l a r l y , w a g e s
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

o f D a ta

T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s o f
ch a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y in d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e r e s u lt in g f r o m la b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t io n s , and ch a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d if f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly ch a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n o t in flu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m iu m p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e . W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d ju s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e a n y s ig n ific a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

6

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—In d ., March 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Numbe r of w orkers receiving straight -tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

IT ,

weekly
hours1
( standard)

M ea n2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$
60

65

$
70

$

%
75

80

$
95

$

$

S
90

95

100

$
105

$
110

$
115

$

$

$
120

125

130

$

$

$
135

140

150

$
160

and
under

$
60

65

170

and
70

75

80

85

90

9 5

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

over

-

-

1
1

9
9

-

2
2

11
1

17
5

14
14

15
15

6
6

4
4

8
7

31
21

10
4

19

4
4

13
12

9

17

_

21

15

8

13

_

2

3
3

3
3

_

_

_

_

~

-

~

42
11
31

41

36

_

3
33

28
8

-

4
-

M
EN
$
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

173
126

$

130.00
12 9.50

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

$

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

-

-

~

8 6 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
8 0 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

_

4 0 .0

103.00
100.50

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

115.50
112.50

11 8.00

_

9

1 1 5.50

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

-

164

3 9 .0

1 19 .5 0

124.00

1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

~

265

3 9 .5

7 4 .5 0

7 2 .5 0

6 7 .0 0 -

7 9 .0 0

162
103

4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

7 3 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

6 7 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 -

104
73

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------- -----------

427
263

OFFICE BOYS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------------------------------------

$

12 6.00
12 6.50
9 9 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

38 .5

4

_

_
-

18

4

5

9
9

7

7

5

12

_

10

7

29

29

39

33

-

4

7

30

33

-

13
16

3
3

-

11
13

9

-

63
55
8

62
34

-

1
9

6
6

4

9

10
10

28

-

-

4

-

34

74

47

23

15

4

2

1

6

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

17
17

46
28

28
19

14
9

7
8

4

2

1

1

_

_

-

-

_

-

~

“

i
2

_

~

2
4

2
2

3

7 9 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

53
37
16

-

"

_

_

_

_

6

10

14

26

4

7

12

22

7

7
2

4

“

7
6

9

~

1
1

3

5

13

6

9

2

2

_
-

21

4

5

108.00

101.50

9 4 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0

86

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

_

1 0 7.50

9 9 .5 0

9 4 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

~

~

78

3 9 .5

9 5 .0 0

9 7.50

7 9 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

-

-

8

8

4

12

2

148

3 9 .5

7 7.00
7 7 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

8 7 .5 0

29

31

15

9

21

7 3 .5 0 6 9 .0 0 -

8 4 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

-

3
3

30

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 8 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 -

62
86

15
14

22
9

6
9

7
1

3
18

-

9 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

_

16
2

10
6

3
3

18
18

8
4

1

13
13

34
34

5

1

“

11
9

-

_
-

23
23

1
1

“

-

115

9

8

-

3
3

6
1

5
5

6
6

2
2

-

3

1

-

~

~

~

-

W EN
OM

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

78
56

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

10 0.00
9 0 .0 0

39 .5

9 6 .5 0

96

3 9 .5

9 3 .5 0

296
119

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

177

3 9 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

410
226
184

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3---------------------------CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

7 7 .0 0 8 6 .0 0 -

.

_

8 7 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

_

_

~

~

_

8 4 . 50
8 7 .0 0
3 2 .5 0
10 8.50
11 4.50

3 8 .5

110.00
11 6.50
102.00

1,02 3
591

39 .0
3 9 .0

8 4 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

3 2 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

7 6 .0 0 7 7 .0 0 -

9 2 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

4
-

432
5 5

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 1 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

8 0 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

7 4 .5 0 7 6 .0 0 -

9 0 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

4

102
74

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 0 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

8 8 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

8 2 .5 0 8 4 .5 0 -

9 8 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

10 0.50

_

8 6 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

8 3 .5 0
3 7 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

__________ f




88.00
9 0 .0 0

133

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------- --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.

8 6 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

“

2
28

7 8 .0 0 8 2 .0 0 7 4 .0 0 -

9 0 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
3 8 .5 0

-

9 3 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

-

-

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

-

4
~

42
7
35

18
4
14

73
29
44

71

38

9

5
16

37
34

12
26

l
8

-

1
-

6
-

4
-

1

6

4

16
2
14

33
10
23

60
28
32

18
8

-

54
26
23

188
81
107
31

187
133
54

110
70
40

112
42

1

10

31
19

1
1

-

21

“

-

-

144
86
5 9
9

_

_

_

_

“

~

~

25
1
24

-

2

3
3

-

~

4

44

14
14

3
3

21

_

~

“

_

_

_

~

7

~

3
3

_

_

-

-

1
1

l
1

5
5

13

34
15
19

50
30
20

35
23

26
23
3

31
17

29
20

23
9

12

14

9

14

61
44

12
9

33
31

16
14

5
4

8
7

5
4

17
7

3

2

2

1

1

l

-

70
1

55
35
20
4

1

15
13

12
12

15
15

12
12

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

11
8
3

16
16

4
4

11
11

1
1
-

3
3
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1

10

13

~

-

_

5

~

—

2
1

~

~

_

_

~

2
2
-

~

~

-

7
Table A-l.

O ffice Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—In d., M arch 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

Number of worker s receiving straight -tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

weekly
hours1
(standard)

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

60
Under
$
and
60
under

$
65

$
70

$
75

$

$
80

85

%
90

$

$
95

100

$
110

$

$
115

120

$
125

$
130

$
135

$
140

$
150

$
160

170
and

65
WOMEN -

$
105

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

66
30
36

95
7
88

158
45
113

52
9
43

38
4
34

13
5
8

18
15
3

9
8
1

4
3
1

133
16
117

139
48
91

,1 1 7

18

3

115

120

_

_

-

-

-

-

110

125

130

135

8

_

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

140

150

160

170

over

CONTINUED

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

46 1
126
335

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

$
7 4 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

$
7 2 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

$
$
6 7 .5 0 - 7 7 .5 0
6 6 . 0 0 - 8 5 .0 0
6 7 .5 0 - 7 6 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

41 0
64
346

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 8 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

6 7 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

6 4 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 6 3 .5 0 -

7 1 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

_
-

117

18

3

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

375
28 3
92

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

8 3 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

7 6 . 0 0 - 9 4 .5 0
7 9 .5 0 - 1 0 0 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 - 7 9 .5 0

_
-

21
11
10

3
2
1

54
20
34

71
44
27

56
56
-

44
32
12

35
35

19
11
8

24
24

15
15

11
11

2
2

5
5

15
15

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

33 4
258
76

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

9 7 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

8 5 .5 0 - 1 1 1 .5 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0

-

8
7
1

1
1
-

20
15
5

14
12
2

34
28
6

51
40
11

15
6
9

52
41
11

13
9
4

32
24
8

33
29
4

13
8
5

12
10
2

20
13
7

5
4
1

3
3
-

1
1
-

3
3
-

4
4

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

414
182
232

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

8 1 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

7 4 .5 0 7 3 .5 0 7 5 .0 0 -

9 2 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

_

39
18
21

63
27
36

77
48
29

76
7
69

29
8
21

36
23
13

24
17
7

11
4
7

14
5
9

8
1
7

6
3
3

_

11
2
9

_

_

-

-

10
10
-

_

-

10
9
1

-

_
-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

310
122
188

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 3 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

9 2 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

8 2 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0
8 0 . 0 0 - 9 8 .5 0

_
-

_
-

3
3

10
10

45
6
39

41
17
24

41
11
30

43
25
18

33
4
29

37
ll
26

26
22
4

3
2
1

7
7
-

4
4

9
2
7

5
5
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

745
37 6
369

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

8 2 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

7 4 .5 0 7 6 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 -

9 0 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

_

17
10
7

81
34
47

98
37
61

126
50
76

128
55
73

100
80
20

68
29
39

59
32
27

33
21
12

10

1
-

3
3

6
6

2
2

3
3

-

-

4

1

l

3
2
1

_

6

7
6

-

-

OFFICE GIRLS -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

188
146

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

7 2 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

7 2 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

6 7 .5 0 6 7 .5 0 -

7 4 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

30
27

30
19

84
73

26
16

6
2

4
3

3
3

3
3

SECRETARIES4-------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------------

2 ,5 3 9
1 ,6 1 4
92 5
145

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

_

8

-

-

8

15
1
14

13
5
8

25
13
12

~

-

228
149
79
4

273
209
64

-

187
108
79
4

23 3
149
84

-

109
53
56
1

12 4
61
63

-

63
26
37
11

1

256
190
66
16

28 4
182
102
42

198
103
95
14

142
102
40
9

86
57
29
6

126
92
34
8

84
57
27
3

37
22
15
13

48
35
13
11

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

148
92
56

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0 -1 4 7 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 4 9 .0 0

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

7
6
1

_

-

1
1

3
3
-

9
7
2

20
20
~

13
8
5

23
10
13

9
6
3

6
1
5

29
14
15

8
1
7

4
2
2

16
13
3

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

46 7
22 7
240

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 4 7 .0 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

_
-

1
1
-

4
1
3

1
1
“

3
2
1

36
20
16

26
5
21

46
18
28

8
3
5

14
4
10

64
37
27

25
9
16

37
18
19

29
4
25

35
16
19

34
16
18

36
24
12

39
22
17

7
7
-

22
19
3

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------------

79 7
46 2
335
56

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
1
1
~

6
5
l
-

17
4
13
~

29
7
22
-

35
15
20
~

29
15
14
-

70
30
40
1

65
22
43
2

76
50
26
-

77
42
35
8

79
44
35
6

84
40
44
5

59
50
9
2

41
37
4
4

56
51
5
5

36
33
3
3

26
13
13
13

10
3
7
7

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------------

1 ,1 1 9
83 3
28 6
56

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0

1 0 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0 1 0 2 . 0 0 - 1 1 9 . 5 0
8 7 .0 0 - 1 1 5 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 1 1 5 . 5 0 - 1 2 4 . 0 0

7
3
4
“

18
7
11
-

47
20
27
11

44
26
18
1

62
40
22

105
69
36
*

155
116
39
~

146
120
26
1

124
115
9
1

130
119
11
3

155
112
43
31

58
49
9
3

37
30
7
5

5
3
2

3
3
~

l
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------------

1 ,1 9 1
777
414
70

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

8 5 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

79
36
43

135
54
81
6

294
214
80
2

244
193
51
1

118
89
29
2

97
73
24

58
31
27
15

30
9
21
17

7
2

12
2
10
10

5
3
2
2

3

23
16
10

3
-

6
6

See footnotes at end of table.




8 0 .5 0 - 9 3 .5 0
8 1 . 5 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 7 . 0 0 - 9 5 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

8

14

-

-

-

-

8

14

_
-

9
8
1

55
31
24

'

"

2

-

39

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

'

8
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—In d., March 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

Numbeir of workersi receiving sitraight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
!fc

$

Under
Me an 2
1

Median 2

Middle range 2

60

-

65

70

100

105

$

110

115

!>
120

$

$

125

$
130

(
135

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

91 9
701
218

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

$
9 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

$
9 7 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

$
$
9 0 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0

—

—

-

-

6
6

6
2
4

11
4
7

38
14
24

151
107
44

177
129
48

192
164
28

129
118
11

75
50
25

43
36
7

27
24
3

32
20
12

10
8
2

3
3

4
1
3

-

$
140

$
150

150

160

$

16 0

17 0

4

8

18

12

5

1

1

3

3

16

-

2

-

1

4

4

2

2

-

-

2

2

9

~

“

~

24
24

15
14

9
3

18
9

11
10

9
4

16
3

7
4

11
8

1
1

2
2

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

39
10
29

59
31
28

68
34
34

59
19
40

43
12
31

28
20
8

20
7
13

25
19
6

9
9

12
9
3

3
3

2

-

-

-

10
10

-

34
29
5

1

3

4

21

12

4

Z

Z

21
4
17

23
1
22

84
49
35

78
18
60

87
37
50

28
9
19

39
18
21

25
11
14

9
4
5

3
3

5
2
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

23
23

19
19

9

_

_

_

9

-

-

-

“

-

-

3
2
1

-

-

6
6

2
1
1

3
2
1

2
1
1

9 6 .0 0 - 1 2 9 .0 0

-

_

_

1 1 0 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 - 1 3 1 .5 0

“

-

-

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

171
12 8

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 2 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

8 0 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

6 8 .0 0 6 4 .0 0 -

9 8 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

13
13

23
23

11
9

SW IT CHBOARD

A17
21 8
199

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

8 5 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

7 7 . 0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
7 6 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0

_

6
6

TABIJLATING-MACHINE

170

over

-

1

“

2

—
-

_
-

~
-

-

“

~

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

OPERATORS,

8 0 .0 0

50
TRANSCRIBING-M ACH IN E O P ERATORS,
G E N E R A L ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NO NMANUFACT URING

-

1

1 0 2 .0 0

1 1 3 .5 0

OPER A TO R -R EC E PT IO N ISTS-

1
1
“

1

1 0 8 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

7
7
“

2

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

CLASS

7
7
~

-

77

-----------------------------------------

C L A S S A ------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

TYPISTS,

B

1

*

$

95

75

27

CLASS

90

70

A ----------

TYPISTS,

S

$

85

and

U T I L I T I E S 34
-----------------------------------

SW IT C HB OA R D O P E R A T O R S ,
NO NMA NU FAC TUR ING:

MANUFA CTU RIN G

80

CONT IN U ED

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

PU BLIC

i

%
75

and
under

$

60

65

WOMEN

i1

%

-------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------n Ud 1 f b U 1 i
O
r M L 1 r i r TTIL T T T C C ^ "
1 1i t b
—

' y ’ uu

7 6 .0 0 -

8 4 .0 0

8 7 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

246

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

7 9 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

7 3 .5 0 7 3 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 -

45 1
23 6
21 5

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

9 0 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

9 2 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

8 2 .5 0 - 9 8 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 - 9 7 .0 0

1 ,5 3 3
729
804

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 5 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

7 5 .0 0
6 9 .5 0 7 2 .0 0 7 8 .0 0
7 3 .0 0 . 6 8 .0 0 7 3 .0 0 -

403
157

8 1 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

“

_

2

-

-

-

2

26
11
15

32
2
30

29
18
11

45
29
16

67
41
26

67
35
32

112
32
80

133
51
82

25 9
82
177

364
137
22 7
18

303
15 0
153
22

273
20 4
69
2

94
60
34

51
18
33
1

29
9
20

6
-

6

1

1

-

-

11
9
2
4
4
-

6
6

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

-

1

2
2

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtim e at regular an d /o r p rem iu m r a te s), and the earnings correspond
to these w eekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w orkers and dividing by the number of w ork ers.
The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed rec eiv e m ore
than the rate shown; half receive le ss than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by Z rates of pay; a fourth of the w orkers earn le ss than the low er of thes<= rates and a fourth earn m ore than the
higher rate.
3 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
4 M ay include w orkers other than those presented separately.




9
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—K y. —
Ind. , M arch 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—

$

$
65

M ean1
2

Median 2

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

70

$
75

$

80

$

85

$

90

95

10 0

105

11 0

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

11 5

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

20 0

over

_

_

3
3

1
1

33
33

35
33

26
24

87
66

82
63

38
36

22
8

37
3

44
35
9

25
25

147
132
15

19 6
170
26

100
78
22

19
16
3

14
10
4

23
19

1

2
-

_

_

~

25
21

6
6

4
4

1
1

$

$

*

$

$

$

M iddle range 2

under
70

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

365
271

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
$
$
1 6 9 .5 0 1 6 9 .5 0 1 5 8 . 0 0 - 1 8 1 . 0 0
1 6 3 .5 0 1 6 7 .0 0 1 4 7 . 5 0 - 1 7 6 . 0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------MONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

59 9
50 3
96

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0

1 3 3 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 4 8 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

32 9
30 8

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 - 1 2 1 .5 0

-

-

-

7
7

22
22

28
26

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

75
70

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 8 .0 0
7 5 .5 0

7 3 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

23
23

22
22

2
2

5
5

10
10

116
100

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0

-

6 9 .0 0 6 9 .0 0 -

8 7 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

1
1
_
—
-

-

-

6
6
“

19
16
3

14
14

24
24

26
26

36
36

54
49

27
27

63
57

16
15

3
3

4
3

_

_

3
1

1
1

1

1

1
1

2
2

3
3

2
1

20
17

7
5

30
28

9
9

-

-

1
1

-

-

10

3

1

-

-

-

10

3

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
-

-

-

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

U o . 0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

-

1 Standard hours r e fle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s (exclu sive of pay for overtim e at regular an d /or prem ium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these w eekly hours.
2 F or definition of te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .




10
Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en Combined

(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio— y.—Ind., March 1968)
K
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------------

Average

Occupation and industry division

184
62

122
38

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
8 5 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

87
65

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

133
96

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 6 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

296
1 19
177

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------------

583
352
231
27

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 4 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T ILITIE S 2----------------------------

1 ,1 2 7
664
463
67

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 6 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------

103
74

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 1 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

467
126
3 41

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

410
64
346

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 8 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

802
546
256

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

364
281
83

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

416
184
232

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

Number
of

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

1 96
88

$
9 4 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

747
378
369

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS-----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

453
204
249

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

7 3 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

SECRETARIES3------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------------

2 ,5 4 7
1 ,6 1 4
933
149

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

149
92
57

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING -------

468
227
2 41

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2

802
462
340
57

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 4 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------------

833
287
57

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0

1 ,1 9 3
777
416
72

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

919
701
218

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

9 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

77

3 9 .5

1 0 8 .0 0

27

4 0 .0

171
128

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

318

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2--------------------------

122

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING —

Average
Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2-----------

CLASS B --------

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s
correspond to these w eekly hours.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 M ay include w orkers other than those presented separately.




Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

417
218
1 99

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

6 7 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------

66

3 8 .5

1 2 8 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

164
108
56

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

128
53
75

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 9 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

405
1 57
248

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------------

453
237
216
33

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
4 0 .0

9 0 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 ;

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------------

1 ,5 3 5
729
806
47

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

366
272

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 9 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

612
513
99

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

348
319

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

1 1 3 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

77
72

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 8 .0 0
7 5 .5 0

8 2 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1 16
1 00

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

(exclusive of pay for overtim e at regular an d /or p rem iu m ra tes),

and the earnings

11
Table A -4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky. —Ind. , M arch 1 9 6 8 )
Hourly earnings 1

Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings i f—
o

2

Middle range

2

$

$

$

2 .8 0

2 . 90 3 . 0 0

3 . 10 3 . 2 0

3 . 30

3 .4 0

3 . 50 3 . 6 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 . 00 3 . 1 0

3 . 20 3 . 3 0

3 . 40

3 .5 0

3.

-

2
2

3
3

3
3

14
13
1
1

10
10
-

-

14
14

_
“

14
14

Under
1
i
2 . 60 under

159
124

$
3 .7 1
3 .7 4

$
3 .6 9
3 .7 4

$
$
3 .2 9 - 4 .2 2
3 .4 8 - 4 .2 1

-

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------

698
631
67
55

3 .7 1
3 .7 3
3 .5 2
3 .4 8

3 .7 9
3 .8 4
3 .3 9
3 .6 9

3 .2 3 - 4 .0 7
3 .2 5 - 4 .1 1
3 .1 8 - 3 .7 9
3 .1 9 - 3 .7 8

2
2
-

4
2
2
2

37
37

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

30 7
25 2
55

3 .7 5
3 .8 7
3 .2 0

3 .8 3
3 .9 0
3 .1 1

3 .3 5 - 4 .0 7
3 .4 8 - 4 .1 0
2 .9 0 - 3 .2 7

_
-

_
-

_

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

273
23 7

3 .3 4
3 .4 0

3 .3 3
3 .4 5

2 .9 2 2 .9 7 -

3 .7 3
3 .8 1

25
23

-

26
10

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRAOES --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

32 8
278

2 .9 4
2 .9 7

3 .0 1
3 .0 3

2 .6 8 2 .7 5 -

3 .0 8
3 .0 9

37
26

54
24

38
36

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

60 5
60 5

3 .8 9
3 .8 9

3 .9 5
3 .9 5

3 .6 9 - 4 .4 1
3 .6 9 - 4 .4 1

6
6

4
4

2
2

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

37 6
353

3 .7 3
3 .7 7

3 .8 6
3 .9 0

3 .2 9 - 3 .9 9
3 .6 2 - 4 .0 2

_

_

_

~

~

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------

742
246
49 6
46 8

3 .4 9
3 .4 8
3 .5 0
3 .5 0

3 .6 2
3 .4 6
3 .6 4
3 .6 4

3 . 193 .2 7 3 .1 8 3 .1 6 -

3 .6 9
3 .6 9
3 .6 9
3 .6 9

44
28
16
16

_
-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

83 0
81 3

3 .4 2
3 .4 4

3 .3 8
3 .3 8

3 .0 9 - 3 .6 4
3 .1 1 - 3 .6 4

25
25

13
13

70
53

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

32 9
32 9

3 .9 1
3 .9 1

3 .8 9
3 .8 9

3 .3 5 - 4 .4 5
3 .3 5 - 4 .4 5

_

2
2

OILERS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

148
148

3 .1 9
3 .1 9

3 .3 4
3 .3 4

2 .8 6 - 3 .5 7
2 .8 6 - 3 .5 7

3
3

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

17 3
130

3 .5 5
3 .7 1

3 .6 1
3 .6 6

3 .0 8 - 3 .9 0
3 .2 7 - 3 .9 4

6
1

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

49 6
49 3

3 .9 0
3 .9 1

3 .9 5
3 .9 5

3 . 8 2 - 4 .2 1
3 .8 3 - 4 .2 1

_

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

61
55

3 .9 4
4 .0 3

3 .9 7
3 .9 8

3 .8 3 - 4 .2 7
3 .9 1 - 4 .2 8

_

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

59 2
592

4 .0 3
4 .0 3

4 .0 2
4 .0 2

3 .5 9 - 4 .6 0
3 .5 9 - 4 .6 0

_




$

$

$

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

$

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .1 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .3 0

$
4 .4 0

$
4 .5 0

S
4 .6 0

$
4 .7 0

60

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0 4 .7 0

over

21
20

16
15

10
10

10
10

-

2
2

11
11

13
13

10
7

27
26
1
1

44
26
18
18

42
40
2
2

113
113
-

25
18
7
7

32
32

24
24
-

_
-

37
32
5
-

58
54
4

10
10

12
12

3
2
1

9
9
~

-

15
15

_

_

$

6
6

1
1

2
2

15
13

2

90
73
17
12

30
25
5
4

34
25
9
8

31
31
-

21
21
-

27
14
13

13
3
10

16
9
7

13
13
~

32
32
-

10
9
1

6
1
5

15
15

31
31
-

11
11

23
19

8
5

22
16

15
14

12
12

13
13

4
4

40
36

11
11

26
26

7
7

5
5

16
16

11 6
116

2
1

8
8

_

47
46

1

4

18
18

17
17

9
9

19
19

20
20

11
11

8
8

20
20

20
20

1
1

16
16

271
271

6
6

_

1
1

5
5

16
12

14
4

62
56

3
“

_

-

“

~

44
44

33
33

18
18

92
92

3
3

34
34

51
51

_

_

-

-

81
19
62
62

66
8
58
58

8
8

118
103
15
15

8
4
4
1

247
15
232
20 9

66
6
60
58

57
11
46
46

-

2
2

9
9

-

2
1
1
1

7
7

-

3
1
2
2

37
37

23
23

42
42

95
95

43
43

90
90

79
79

75
75

89
89

4
4

-

9
9

8
8

~

3
3

4
4

_

5
5

28
28

20
20

15
15

12
12

_

3
3

46
46

-

-

-

-

~

30
30

~

~

“

“

16
16

2
2

27
27

17
17

_

5
5

1
1

9
9

3
3

39
39

26
26

2
1

1

4
3

22
7

11
3

14
10

13
11

5
5

6
6

31
31

4
4

12
12

11
10

2

-

-

-

~

~

~

_

_

11
11

30
30

11
11

3

30
30

9
9

3
3

16
16

43
43

176
176

10
10

25
25

52
52

l

2
2

21
21

-

-

1

3
3

“

48
48

28
28

57
57

5
5

30
30

-

-

-

-

25
4
8'
8
-

“

-

2

-

_

_

l

-

1

_

_

_

6

_

_

_

-

“

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

_

_

_

3
3

17
17

2
2

33
33

10
10

88
88

-

_

-

holidays,

$

$

and

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1 E xcludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on weekends,
2 F or definition of t e r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 T ran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.

$

.1‘

M ean13 Median
2

$

o
o

of
w orkers

t
2 .7 0

2 .7 0

Occupation and industry division

$
2 .6 0

_

and late shifts.

~

~

45
45

-

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

“

-

_

73
73
-

_

14
14
-

9
9
-

4
4

-

-

12
12

-

67
67

82

82

7

-

-

-

_

8
8

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

~

24
24

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

81
81

-

-

_

~

~

2
2

159
159

-

-

~

~

8
8

9
6

-

-

“

~

12
12

-

75
75

1
1

-

-

-

11
11

-

-

~

12
12

7
7

14
14

94
94

-

5
5

~
-

"

~
145
145

6
6

12
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky. —
Ind. , March 1968)
Hourly e rnings z

Number of workers receiving straight -tim e hourly earnings of—

of
workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .9 0

$

1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

i
3 .7 0

1 .7 0

O ccupation1 and industry division

$
1 .6 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2..3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

over

455
15
440

108
12
96

136
43
93

28
27
1

23
14
9

16
16
~

11

22
20

37
37
“

8
8
~

57
45
12

24
24
~

-

-

-

21

3

3

2

3

21

8

45

24

-

$

and
under

and

1 ,2 5 7
535
722

$
2 .2 5
2 .8 0
1 .8 4

$
1 .8 5
2 .9 7
1 .6 8

$
1 .6 7 2 .3 1 1 .6 4 -

$
2 .9 4
3 .2 8
1 .8 1

~

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

392

3 .0 3

3 .2 0

2 .7 3 -

3 .3 0

-

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

143

2 .1 7

2 .0 0

1 .8 4 -

2 .3 7

-

15

12

22

24

11

14

3

10

-

9

2

5

-

-

-

-

-

16

-

-

-

-

2 .5 7
2 .7 8
1 .7 5
2 .6 6

185
1 85

142 2
45
1 37 7
~

191
46
145
5

92
6
86

109
56
53
9

168
89
79
7

100
55
45
18

90
73
17
“

2 16
182
34
6

194
165
29
26

3 43
317
26
17

305
279
26
10

96
79
17
7

17
12
5
4

45
30
15
2

198
181
17

144
132
12
7

69
68
1

18
18
-

6
6
6

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

~

27
27

258
25
233
2

43
3
40
1

4
4
2

18
18
4

26
1
25
21

14
7
7
2

20
3
17
17

45
20
25
-

1
1

13
4
9
9

2
2

1
1

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

.
-

~

26
22
4
4

25
15
10

46
24
22

25
25
-

15
4
11

56
54
2

167
1 66
1

23
9
14

61
58
3

1 69
166
3

2 19
190
29

424
401
23

225
2 09
16
3

126
111
15
2

98
48
50
-

323
259
64
1

341
226
115
60

39
39
-

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

6
5

9
8
1

44
38
6

29
20
9

13
9
4

38
30
8

28
15
13

25
8
17

45
39
6

101
101

2

10

8

29

18

4

30

15

8

39

101

JANITORS « PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T ILITIE S4--------------------

4 ,0 0 8
1 ,8 3 3
2 ,1 7 5
124

2 .1 1
2 .5 7
1 .7 3
2 .4 6

2 .0 0
2 .5 6
1 .6 7
2 .4 7

1 .6 6 2 .3 5 1 .6 3 2 .1 6 -

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN! -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T ILITIE S4--------------------

498
88
410
62

1 .8 3
2 .1 7
1 .7 6
2 .2 0

1 .6 9
2 .3 3
1 .6 8
2 .1 8

1 . 6 4 - 2 .0 9
1 . 6 9 - 2 .5 4
1 . 6 3 - 1 .9 2
2 .0 3 - 2 .2 9

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S4--------

3 ,2 2 9
2 ,3 2 9
900
538

2 .9 3
2 .8 2
3 .2 3
3 .5 5

2 .9 3
2 .7 3
3 .6 0
3 .6 4

2 .6 0 2 .5 3 3 .0 3 3 .6 1 -

3 .3 2
3 .1 0
3 .6 5
3 .6 7

9
9

ORDER FILLERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

976
362
614

2 .7 5
2 .7 5
2 .7 5

2 .8 7
2 .7 5
3 .0 4

2 .2 4 - 3 .2 1
2 . 4 3 - 2 .8 9
2 . 1 8 - 3 .2 2

_
-

2
2
-

38
27
11

76
6
70

13
5
8

25
3
22

84
28
56

17
5
12

19
10
9

24
14
10

28
18
10

36
36
“

80
59
21

67
65
2

16
6
10

1 68
6
162

11
11

PACKERS, SHIPPING --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

772
568
204

2 .4 3
2 .4 4
2 .3 9

2 .5 1
2 .5 3
2 .4 3

2 . 12-

2 .7 5
2 .7 5
2 .7 6

_
-

45
24
21

64
64
-

33
12
21

8
1
7

26
26
~

81

2 .1 4 2. 11-

40
41

31
30
1

17
10
7

66
48
18

133
109
24

28
21
7

91
80
11

6
6
-

45
45

32
32

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

412
376

2 .2 4
2 .2 7

2 .5 0
2 .5 2

1 .8 5 1 .9 2 -

2 .6 1
2 .6 2

_

76
63

20
17

14
12

23
13

36
36

15
14

20
20

-

-

“

24
24

_

~

89
89

-

“

95
88

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

409
262
147

2 .7 0
2 .7 5
2 .6 1

2 .7 0
2 .7 5
2 .6 3

2 .4 0 2 .4 6 2 .1 7 -

3 .0 1
2 .9 7
3 .0 6

_
-

_
~

4
4

-

10
10

7
7

18
11
7

22
3
19

24
16
8

16
15
1

42
27
15

11
11
~

53
27
26

33
33
“

SHIPPING CLERKS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

123
95

2 .6 9
2 .8 0

2 .5 9
2 .9 1

2 .4 1 2 .4 7 -

3 .0 4
3 .0 7

_

_

1
-

3
2

_

12
-

13
13

-

1
1

14
12

19
11

-

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

176
111
65

2 .9 3
3 .0 4
2 .7 4

2 .9 4
3 .0 6
2 .6 6

2 .6 4 2 .8 9 2 .6 1 -

3 .2 0
3 .3 9
2 .7 9

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

1
1

9
9

3
3

TRUCKDRIVERS5 ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S4------------------------

4 ,2 8 1
830
3 ,4 5 1
2 ,5 8 0

3 .4 3
3 .0 7
3 .5 2
3 .6 2

3 .6 1
3 .2 0
3 .6 3
3 .6 5

3 .4 1 2 .6 8 3 .4 9 3 .6 2 -

3 .6 6
3 .5 2
3 .6 6
3 .6 7

_

54
24
30

10
10
“

38
23
15
1

32
32
5

26
9
17
3

10
9
1
“

80
70
10

2 .4 2 2 .4 5 -

3 .6 4
3 .0 8

_

40
13

10

10

17

11

1

50
40

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




387
134

2 .9 8
2 .7 8

3 .3 9
2 .7 2

-

-

-

11

_

-

-

-

11

-

~
_

_

-

-

9
9

~

“

.

_

-

-

-

-

128
126
2
-

141
141
-

472
472
472

97
97

“

_
-

245
46
1 99

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

26
26

52
52

14
14

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

“

-

“

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

12
12
“

52
52
-

47
18
29

16
6
10

15
7
8

6
6

1
1

11
11
-

4
4

5
4
1

6
6

1
1

15
15

20
16

4
4

1
1

3
3

1
1

5
5

-

4
4

31
31

6
1
5

11
9
2

23
23
~

12
9
3

18
18
“

1
1

6
6

4
4

9
9

18
9
9

5
5
-

26
26
-

57
56
1

49
40
9
1

58
57
1
1

38
25
13
5

196
65
131
2

12
12
-

23
16
7
6

307
92
215
204

459
67
3 92

3 39 2 4 3 8
87
1 46
193 2 3 5 1
~ 2340

18
6
12
12

2
2

12
11

10
10

23
23

2
2

_

_

7
6

_

165

_

"

27
27

_

-

13
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(Average stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. —
Ind. , M arch 1968)
2
Hourly e mings1

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g str a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

TRUCKDRIVERS5
6

$
1 .6 0
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$
1 .8 0

%

1 . 90 2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
$
2 . 20 2 . 3 0

$
2 .4 0

2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

;2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 . 00 2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 . 30 2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

:3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

over

-

11
11

14
11
3

21
21
-

11
11
-

24
15
9
1

14
14
-

12
12
~

1 03
43
60
60

28
28
“

1 42
45
97
97

-

“

12
6
6
6

1
l
-

“

10
9
1
1

2
2
-

~

3
3
~

-

~

~

-

-

~

—

-

-

-

11
11
-

5
5
-

52
51
1
~

-

1
1
~

60
20
40
30

377
35
342

~

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

-

-

10
10
-

“

-

-

1 17
3
1 14
1 14

22
1
21
-

109
109
-

“

“

62
62

132
1 32

6
6
-

190
1 90
-

15
15
-

%

$

t

and
$
1 . 6 0 u n d er

and

CONTINUED

fRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4----------------------------

460
228
232
1 65

$
3 .1 1
2 .9 3
3 .2 8
3 .5 3

$
3 .3 4
2 .9 5
3 .4 3
3 .6 2

$
$
2 . 7 1 - 3 .6 2
2 .5 2 - 3 .3 8
3 .3 2 - 3 .6 4
3 .3 6 - 3 .6 6

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T ILITIE S4 ----------------------------

2 ,0 4 6
141
1 ,9 0 5
1 ,5 2 0

3 .5 9
3 .1 5
3 .6 2
3 .6 6

3 .6 3
3 .0 8
3 .6 4
3 .6 5

3 .5 0 3 .0 1 3 .6 0 3 .6 2 -

3 .6 7
3 .4 2
3 .6 7
3 .6 8

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T ILITIE S4 ----------------------------

804
167
637
474

3 .4 7
3 .5 3
3 .4 5
3 .5 8

3 .6 0
3 .5 6
3 .6 1
3 .6 3

3 .3 5 - 3 .6 5
3 .5 2 - 3 .6 0
3 .3 2 - 3 .6 6
3 .6 0 - 3 .6 7

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T ILITIE S4 -

1 ,3 3 7
1 ,1 4 4
193
55

3 .1 4
3 .1 3
3 .2 2
3 .5 4

2 .9 9
2 .8 6
3 .2 3
3 .6 4

2 .6 4 2 .6 1 3 .0 5 3 .6 2 -

3 .4 5
3 .4 5
3 .6 0
3 .6 7

244
209

2 .5 7
2 .5 2

2 .4 7
2 .4 6

2 .4 2 2 .4 2 -

2 .8 1
2 .5 0

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
F O R K L IF T )------ ;-----------------------------MANUFACTURING

1
2
3
4
5
6

$
1 .7 0

1 .7 0

O ccupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

-

_
-

“

-

_

_

-

_

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except where otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
F or definition of t e r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes a ll d r iv e r s, as defined, regard less of size and type of truck operated.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 4 . 4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 .




27
23
4
~

10
10

~

-

~

15
15
—
~

~

—
-

-

~

_

~

7
7
“

15
15

1
1

9
9

47
47

~

~

“

~

1
1

3
3

2
2

23
23

_

~
13
13
—

-

-

11
11

—

2
2
“

_

-

-

8
8
~

1 28
128

150
150

100
100

89
87
2
2

62
58
4
4

72
4
68
~

5
4

63
29

~
134
134

~

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

6
6
~

_

142
79
63
~

1
1

26 1 48 3
26 1483
1478

4 08
42
366
360

“
18
6
12
12

_

_
-

49 6 183
183
_
49
49
-

_

14

B. Establish m ent P ractices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istr ib u tio n of e s ta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m en tran ce sa la r y for s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p er ien c ed w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , C in cin n ati, Ohio—K y.—In d., M arc h 1968)
In exp e rie n c ed ty p ists
M anuf a c tu r i ng
M in im u m w eekly s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r y 1

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 1
2
M an ufactu ring

N onm an ufactu ring
A ll
in d u strie s

B a se d on stand ard w eekly hours 3 of—

A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
sch e d u les

40

A ll
sch e d u les

37Vz

B a se d on stan d ard w ee k ly h ours 3 o f A ll
sch ed u les

40

N on m an ufactu ring

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37 V2

40

XXX

XXX

27

E sta b lish m e n ts stud ied ---------------------------------------------------------------

222

104

XXX

118

XXX

XXX

222

104

XXX

118

E sta b lish m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m __________________

78

44

38

34

8

20

94

53

46

41

9

$ 5 7 .5 0 and under $ 6 0 .0 0 _______________________________________
$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 .5 0 _______________________________________
$ 6 2 .5 0 and under $ 6 5 .0 0 ..
$ 6 5 .0 0 and under $ 6 7 .5 0 _______________________________________
$ 6 7 .5 0 and under $ 7 0 .0 0 _______________________________________
$ 7 0 .0 0 and under $ 7 2 .5 0 _______________________________________
$ 7 2 .5 0 and under $ 7 5 .0 0 _______________________________________
$ 7 5 .0 0 and under $ 7 7 .5 0 _______________________________________
$ 7 7 .5 0 and under $ 8 0 .0 0 _______________________________________
$ 8 0 .0 0 and under $ 8 2 .5 0 _______________________________________
$ 8 2 .5 0 and under $ 8 5 .0 0 ______________________________________
$ 8 5 .0 0 and under $ 8 7 .5 0 _______________________________________
$ 8 7 .5 0 and under $ 9 0 .0 0 _______________________________________
$ 9 0 .0 0 and under $ 9 2 .5 0 _______________________________________
$ 9 2 .5 0 and under $ 9 5 .0 0 _______________________________________
$ 9 5 .0 0 and under $ 9 7 .5 0 _______________________________________
$ 9 7 .5 0 and under $ 1 0 0 .0 0 _____________________________________
$ 1 0 0 .0 0 and o v e r ________________________________________________

1
6
19
8
3
13
8
6

_
2
9
3
3
7
6
4

_

1
4
10
5
6
2
2

_
1
2
3
-

1

_

_

-

-

3
2

2
9
5
5
11
3
3
2
4
4
1

1
6
13
4

_

-

1
8
22
9
5
15
6
5
2
6
6
1
1
1

E sta b lish m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ________________

49

22

E sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o r y ____________________________________________________

95

38

-

8
3
3
7
3
4

-

-

2

1

1

-

-

-

1
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

1

"

XXX

27

XXX

57

4
3
1
2
1

-

-

-

3
3
1

3
3
1

1

2

-

-

8
2

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

1

1

-

4
3
2

-

2
2

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

3
3

2
1

2
1

1
2

XXX

XXX

71

34

XXX

XXX

XXX

57

17

XXX

1 T h e se s a la r ie s re la te to fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d m in im u m startin g (hiring) re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s that are paid for
2 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r or o ffic e g ir l.
3 Data a re p resen ted fo r a ll standard w ork w eek s co m b in e d , and for the m o s t c o m m o n standard w ork w eek s rep orted .




8
4
5
9
2
3
2
4
4
1

standard w o r k w e e k s.

3
3
1

-

2

-

1

-

9
3

-

3
3

-

2
2

-

1

-

-

1
2

37

XXX

XXX

40

XXX

XXX




15

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p lant w o r k e r s by type and am o u n t o f d iffe r e n tia l,
C in c in n a ti, Ohio—K y . —Ind. , M a r c h 1968)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p lant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n ts h avin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

S econ d s h ift
w o rk

T o t a l---------------------------------------

-------------------------------

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o rk

90. 3

74. 5

A c t u a lly w ork in g on—

S econ d s h ift

19.0

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

5 .3

___

86. 7

73. 2

18. 4

5. 2

U n ifo r m c en ts (p e r h o u r ) -------------------------------------

50. 1

4 1 .6

10 . 3

3. 2

5 c en ts — ----------------------- __ ___________________
6 c e n t s ______________________________________ ___
7 r e n t s _______ _ _
_ _ _ _
7 l/z c e n t s _________________________________________
8 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------- — —
9 c e n t s ____________________________________________
10 c e n ts ______________ ____________________________
11 c e nt s ___ ____ ___ _______ _____ _____ _ ____
_ _
12 c e n t s -------------------- — ------- — ---------------- 1 2 V2 c e n t s ______ ________ _________________ _
13, 1 3 V3 , or 14 c e n ts ---------------- -------------- _
1 5 c e n ts ___________________________________________
1 6 r e n ts
—
----------------18 c e n ts -------------------------- 182 3 o r 19 c e n t s ________________________________
/
20 c e nt s _ ___ _ ___ _ __ __________ ______
_
_ _
_ _ _
2 12 5 or 24 c e n t s ________________________________
/
25 c e nt s _____ _____ ___ _ _____ _________ _______
_
30 c e n ts -----------------------------------------------------------------

3. 4
3. 2
2. 9
1 .2
1 .0
1. 1
14 . 0
4. 9
3. 8
.4
2. 3
2 .9
2. 2
2 .4
4. 5

.7
.9
.9
. 1
. 3
. 3
2. 5
.9
.8
.2
.8
.6
.2
. 3
.9
-

_
. 1
. 3
-

-

_
1. 1
.7
5. 6
. 6
7 .4
2. 1
1. 1
1 1 .6
2. 2
1. 5
3. 2
1. 1
2. 3
.9

34. 1

2 3 .9

8. 0

1 .5

3. 3
. 6
2 .9
.9
. 2

( 2)
1 .2
. 1
. 1

37 .7

. 1

.4

1 .3

.6

. 2

W ith sh ift pay d if f e r e n t ia l_____________________

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e _________

___________________

5 p e r c e n t ___ ____ _____ __ __________ _____
_
_
7 o r 7 V2 p e r c e n t--------------------------- ----------------10 p e r c e n t-----------------------------------------------------------12 o r 1 5 p e r c e n t____ ___ ______________ ___
20 p e r c e n t_________ ________ __ -------------- _ _
25 p e r c e n t---------------------- ------------------------------- -

9 .8
1 .4
17 . 5
4. 2
1 .2

O th e r fo r m a l pay d iffe r e n tia l-----------------------------

2. 5

W ith no sh ift pay d if f e r e n t ia l----------- -----------------------

3 .6

_
. 5
1 5 .4
1 .8
5. 0
1 .2

.9
. 2
.2
.7
(13
2)
. 2
.4
. 2
(2)

_

(2 )

1 In clu d es e s t a b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te
e v e n though they w e r e not c u r r e n tly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0 . 05 p e r c e n t.
3 P r i m a r i ly fu ll d a y 's pay f o r r e d u ce d h o u r s p lu s u n ifo r m c e n ts o r p e r c e n ta g e p e r h o u r .

s h ifts

16

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istr ib u tio n of plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv ision s by schedu led w eekly h o u rs 1
of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C in cin n ati, Ohio— y .—In d ., M arch 1968)
K
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h ou rs
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1
2

A ll w o r k e r s _________________________

Under 37 h o u r s __________________________
37 h o u r s . _ _
3 7 V, h o u r s
O v e r 3 7 V2 and under 40 h ou rs
40 h o u r s
O v e r 4 0 an d u n d e r 4 3 h o u r s
_
_
_
45 hour s _______________________ __________ - _____________
O v e r 43 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s
48 h ours
_
_
__________________
O ver 48 h o u r s

1
2
3
4
5

M an ufactu ring

100

100

100

1
1
4

_

_
_

( 5)
77
4
7
( 5)
3
3

3

P ublic u tilit ie s 3

-

-

76
5
9
1
2
4

93
2
5
_
_
_

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M an ufactu ring

100

100

100

2
_

-

3
4
21
6
66
( 5)
_
( 5)

15
4
77
1
_
_
_
_

Scheduled h o u rs a re the w ee k ly hours w hich a majority of the full-time workers w e r e ex p e cted to w ork , w hether they w ere paid fo r at s t r a ig h t -t im e or o v e r t im e r a t e s .
In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , real estate, and services, in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public utilities.
In clu d es data fo r w h o le sa le tr a d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in su r a n c e , ana real estate; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p erc en t.




P ublic u t ilit ie s 3

1
1
-

98
_
_
_

17

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of p lant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by n u m b er o f p aid h olid ays
p rovid e d an n u ally, C in c in n a ti, O h io—K y . —Ind. , M a r c h 1968)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w o r k e r s

Item
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s ________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p rovid in g
no paid h o lid a y s ____________________________________

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u t ilit ie s 1
2

100

100

100

98

99

97

2

1

3

4
21
1
2

1
12
1
2
1
18
3
5
28
-

A ll in d u s tr ie s 3

M an ufactu ring

Public u tilit ie s 2

100

100

100

99

99

100

(4 )

(4 )

-

12
3
2
1
11

7

N u m b e r o f days

L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s ________________________________
6 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lus 1 h a lf day__________________________
6 h olid ays p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s ________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 4 h a lf d a y s ________________________
7 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
7 h olid ays p lus 1 h a lf d ay________________________
7 h o lid a y s p lus 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
8 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day ________________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
9 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day__________________________
10 h o lid a y s_____________________________________________
11 h o lid a y s_____________________________________________

(4 )
20
2
3
22
-

-

12

16

-

-

9
1

13
1

1
9
9
22
22
47
49
72
73
94
96
97
98

1
14
14
30
30
62
66
85
87
98
98
98
99

.
16
-

38
28

(4 )
24
4
4

-

2
52
19

-

£)
(4 )
15
5
3
16
1
2
19
1
6

(4 )
6
21
1
33
1
8

"

(4 )

(4 )

-

(4 )
6
7
28
29
48
53
73
76
98
99
99
99

(4 )
9
10
43
44
71
72
85
88
99
99
99
99

19
19
38
38
93
93
100
100
100
100

-

15
-

-

19
-

T o t a l h olid ay t i m e 5

11 d a y s__________________________________________________
10 d ays o r m o r e ______________________________________
9 V2 days or m o r e _____________________________________
9 d ays o r m o r e _____________________________________
8 V2 d ays or m o r e --------------------- ------------------------------8 d ays or m o r e _______________________________________
7 V2 d ays o r m o r e _____________________________________
7 d ays o r m o r e _______________________________________
6 V2 days o r m o r e _____________________________________
6 d ays o r m o r e _______________________________________
5 d ays o r m o r e _______________________________________
3 d ays o r m o r e _______________________________________
2 days o r m o r e _______________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

_
-

15
15
43
43
82
82
97
97
97
97

.

In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v i c e s , in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other p ub lic u tilitie s.
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.
A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e com b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p ro p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 9 days in clu d es th ose with 9 fu ll d ays and
d a y s , 8 fu ll d ays and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu ll days and 4 half d a y s , and so on.
P r o p o r tio n s then w e r e cu m u lated .




18

Tabic B-5. Paid Vacations'
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , C in cin n ati, Ohio—K y. —Ind. , M a r c h 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

Plant w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u str ie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u tilit ie s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
90
8
2

99
84
12
3

100
100
-

99
96
4
-

99
93
7

100
100
-

( 5)

( 5)

29
-

2
52
7
1

-

( 5)

3
50
8
1

M ethod of paym ent
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts providin g
paid v a c a tio n s ________________________________________
L e n g t h -o f -tim e p a y m e n t________________________
P erc en ta g e p aym en t---------------------------------------------Othe r ------------------------- -----------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
no paid v a c a tio n s ------------------------------------------------------

( 5)

1
"

-

A m ou nt of va c a tio n pay 6
A fte r 6 m on th s of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek___________________________________________
1 w eek-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------

_

12
22
3
1

18
20
3
1

73
2
22
( 5)
2
1

74
3
18
2
2

90
7
3

41
6
48
1
2
1

46
8
40
3
2

44

8
13
71
3
3
1

8
18
63
4
4
2

7
11
74
3
3
1

7
16
67
4
4
2

_
49
1
-

A fte r 1 ye ar of se r v ic e
1 w eek-----------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s __________________________

"

21
( 5)
78
-

( 5)
-

15
1
83
1
-

78
-

22
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------

6
93
1

5
94
1

-

-

48
5
3

-

31
69
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 We e k ___________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s __________________________

-

1

2

_
100

91
5
4

94
4
1

89
7
2

~

-

-

-

91
5
4

1
94
4
1

1
88
7
3

100
-

-

-

-

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek___ _____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________ ___________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________ ________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________ ________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




19

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'— Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v a catio n pay
p r o v is io n s , C in cin n ati, Ohio—K y . —Ind. , M a r c h 1968)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk ers

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll in du strie s 2

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u t i li t i e s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturing

Public u t ilit ie s 3

A m o u n t of v a c a tio n pay 6— Continued
A f t e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w eek s „ ____ _______________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s -------- --------------- ------------

( 5)
80
6
11
1

1
75
8
13
2

91
5
4

1
25
8
58
1
6

1
21
12
56
2
9

_
13
5
82
"

( 5)
28
63
1
8

1
20
64
1
15

1
17
9
64
2
6

1
12
13
62
3
9

_
7
5
88
-

( 5)
24
1
66
1
8

1
14
2
67
1
15

9
91
-

1
10

1
8
69
6
16

70
5
25

( 5)
8
73
19

1
9
62
28

5
88
8

1
8
38
5
40
1
7

9
5
86
-

( 5)
8
25
2
56
1
7

1
9
19
56
2
14

5
4
92
-

1
10

1
8

-

(5 )
26
2
51
1
8

-

30
3
45
1
12
1

6

( 5)
8
13
2
65
1
11

1
9
12
56
2
20

_
5

-

1

( 5)
86
4
10
"

1
74
8
17
■

100
•

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ______________ - ____________________ - _____ ___ _____
2 w e e k s ____________________ — -------------------- ----------O ve r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O ve r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------- ----------------------------------------------

_
11
89
-

A f te r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ____________________________________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s __________________________________________________

-

_

-

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __________________________________________ _______
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s _____ _____________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________________

( 5)
69
4
14

-

A fte r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________- —----------------------------------O ve r 3 and under 4 w e e k s — ---------------------------------4 w e e k s ____________________________________________ - —_—
O ver 4 and under 5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------5 w e e k s __________________________________________________

1
10
(5 )
33
4
45
1
5

"

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s ______ ___ ________ ______ ___________ ____ _____
O ver 4 and under 5 w ee k s __ _______________________
5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

See footn otes at end of tab le.




( 5)

-

94
-

-

2
-

93
-

'

20

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'--- Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of plant and offic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv ision s by vacatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , C in cin n ati, Ohio—K y. —Ind. , M a rc h 1968)
O ffic e w o rk ers

Plant w o r k e r s
V acation p olicy
A ll in d u str ie s 1
2

M an ufactu ring

Public u tilit ie s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M an ufactu ring

Public u tilitie s 3

A m ou nt of v acatio n pay 6— Continued
A fte r 30 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________ _________
O ver 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s ------------------------------- ------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------ ------------------------------------------O ver 4 and under 5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------5 w e e k s _______ _______________________________________
6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
10
( 5)
26
2
48
1
10
1

1
8
30
3
41
1
14
2

_
6
94
-

( 5)
8
13
2
62
1
13

.
5
2
93
-

( 5)

1
9
12
50
2
26
1

-

1
8
30

6
94
-

( 5)
8
13
2
62
1
10

1
9
12
50
2
19

5
2
93
-

3

7

-

M a x im u m vacatio n a v a ila b le
1 w eek____________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______ __________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s -------------------------- -----------4 w eeks — ----------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 4 and under 5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------5 w e e k s ------------ -------------------------------------------- -----------6 w e e k s ________ ________________________________________

1
10
( 5)
26
2
48
1
7
4

3

41
1
10
6

1
In clud es b a sic plans on ly.
E x c lu d es p lans su ch a s v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and th ose plans w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t ic a l" ben efits beyond b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s w ith qualifyin g lengths
o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of such e x c lu sio n s a r e plains in the s t e e l, a lu m in u m , and can in d u s tr ie s .
* In clu d es data for w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er public u tilit ie s .
4 In clud es data for whoTba^-le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0 . 5 p erc en t.
6 In clud es p aym ents other than "le n g th of t i m e , " such a s p ercen tage of annual ea rn ings or f la t -s u m p ay m e n ts, converted to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a p aym ent of 2 p erc en t
o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n sid e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w ere ch o se n a r b itr a r ily and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle ct the individual p r o v is io n s for p r o g r e s s io n .
F o r e x a m p le , the
changes in p rop ortion s in dicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include chan ges in p ro v isio n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a te s are cu m u la tiv e.
T h u s, the p ro p o rtio n e lig ib le fo r 3 w ee k s'
pay or m o r e a fte r 10 y e a r s in clu d es th ose e lig ib le fo r 3 w e e k s' pay or m o r e a fte r few e r y e a r s of s e r v ic e .




21

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t of plant and offic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em p lo y ed in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
h ealth, in su r a n c e , or p en sion b e n e fits , 1 C in cin n ati, Ohio—K y .—In d ., M a r c h 1968)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w o r k e r s

T y p e of b en efit
A ll in d u strie s 1
2

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u t i li t i e s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturing

Public u tilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------------A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e __________________________________________
S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in su r a n c e or
sic k le a v e or b o th 5 --------------------------------------------

90

94

100

94

95

99

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :

67

73

85

71

77

92

84

93

76

87

93

80

S ic k n e ss and a c cid en t in su r a n c e ___________
S ick le a v e (fu ll p ay and no
w aiting p e r io d )_______________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
w aiting p e r io d )_______________________________

74

90

40

55

73

12

7

5

-

56

68

7

11

4

38

13

2

64

H o sp ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------- -------M e d ic a l in su ran ce )------------------------------------------------C a ta str o p h e in s u r a n c e ___________________________
R e tire m e n t p e n sio n _______________________________
N o h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , or p en sion p lan -----------

90
87
63
46
77
5

93
89
65
47
85
4

97
97
87
67
72

93
85
74
70
90

94
92
76
66
90
1

95
95
89
70
79

(6)

1 In clud es th o se p lan s fo r w hich at le a st a p art of the c ost is b orn e by the e m p lo y e r , ex cep t th ose le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and ra ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
2 In clud es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s.
4 In clud es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; re ta il tra d e ; finance, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
5 U n d up licated to ta l of w o r k e r s rec eiv in g sick le a v e or s ic k n e s s and accid en t in su ra n ce shown ; se p a r a te ly b elo w .
S ick le a v e p lans a re lim ite d to th ose w hich d efin ite ly e sta b lish a tT ea st
the m in im u m n u m b e r of d a y s' pay that can be ex pected by each e m p lo y e e .
In fo r m a l sic k le a v e a llo w a n c es d eterm in ed on an in dividu al b a s is a r e ex clu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.




22

Table B-7.

Premium Pay for Overtime Work

(P e r c e n t d istr ib u tio n of plant and offic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d ivision s by o v e rtim e p r e m iu m pay
p r o v is io n s , C in cin n ati, Ohio—K y .—In d ., M a r c h 1968)
O ffice w o r k e r s

Plant w o r k e r s
P r e m iu m pay p o lic y
A ll in d u str ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________________

M an ufactu ring

Public u tilit ie s 1
2

A ll in d u str ie s3

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u tilit ie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

87

94

100

64

83

91

87

94

100

64

83

91

( 5)
2

99
-

( 5)
4
2
58

3
2
78

( 5)

3
91
~

91
-

-

-

-

( 5)

-

-

13

6

■

36

17

9

99

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

-

-

2

3
97

-

100

“

-

100

D a ily o v e rtim e at p r e m iu m r a te s

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having
p ro v isio n s fo r d a ily o v e rtim e p a y 4
at p r e m iu m r a t e s ___________________________________
T im e and o n e -h a lf ________________________________
E ffe c tiv e a ft e r :
Under 7 l/ z h o u r s . _ _____________________
l lh h o u r s ____________________________________
O ver 7V2 and under 8 h o u r s _____________
8 h o u r s_______________________________________
10 h o u r s ______________________________ ____
F lu ctu atin g w ork w eek p rin c ip le 6__________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having no
p ro v isio n s for d a ily o v e rtim e pay
at p rem iu m r a te s 7 __________________________

( 5)
84

1
-

W e ek ly o v e rtim e at p rem iu m r a te s

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having
p ro v isio n s for w ee k ly o v e rtim e p a y 4
at p rem iu m r a t e s ________ _________ _________________
T im e and o n e -h a lf ________________________________
E ffe c tiv e a f t e r :
Under 37V2 h o u r s _______ _____ ____________
3 7 V h o u r s __________________________________
2
3 83 4 h o u r s __________________________________
/
40 h o u r s _____________________________________
42 hour s _____________________________________
W o rk ers in e sta b lish m e n ts having no
p ro v isio n s for w eek ly o v e rtim e pay
at p rem iu m r a te s 7 _________________________________

( 5)
96
1

( 5)

-

1
5
2
91
( 5)

( 5)
3
3
94
-

_
-

100
-

( 5)

1 In cludes data for w h o lesa le tra d e , r e ta il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
3 In cludes data for w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a t e ly .
4 Includes w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts c o v e r e d by le g is la t iv e r e q u ir e m e n ts r egard in g p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e , even though such w o rk ers a c tu a lly do not w ork o v e r t im e .
G rad uated p r o v isio n s
for
p rem iu m pay are c la s s ifie d under the f ir s t e ffe c tiv e p rem iu m r a te.
F o r e x a m p le , a plan ca llin g fo r tim e and o n e-h a lf after 8 and double tim e a fter 10 h o u r s would be c o n sid e r e d a s tim e
and o n e -h a lf a fte r 8 h o u rs.
S im ila r ly , aplan c a llin g for no pay or pay at a r eg u la r rate a fter 35 h ours and tim e and o n e -h a lf a fter 40 h ours w ould be c o n sid e r e d a s tim e and o n e -h a lf a fte r
40 h ou rs.
5 L e s s than 0 .5 p erc en t.
6 Under the p rin cip le of the flu ctuatin g w ork w eek , pay for o v e rtim e w ork is d ete r m in e d by dividing the w eek ly sa la r y by the total num ber of h ou rs w ork ed d urin g the w eek (to obtain the
base h ou rly rate for the week) and then applying the e sta b lish e d o v e rtim e pay ra tio for o v e rtim e h ours w ork ed .
Thus, the h ou rly rate of pay fo r o v e rtim e d e c r e a s e s as the n um b er of h ou rs
w orked in c r e a s e s .
7 Includes w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts ex em p t fr o m le g is la tiv e r e q u ir e m e n ts r eg a rd in g p r em iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and w h e re, as a m a tte r of p o lic y ,
o v e r tim e is not w ork ed .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing jo b descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping o f occupational wage rates representing comparable jo b content.
Because o f this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability o f occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter.
May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type o f m achine, as follows:

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc.
Usually involves application o f pre­
determ ined discounts and shipping charges, and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing m a­
ch in e, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number o f carbon copies o f the
b ill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each
phase o f the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, m achine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
m achine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
m ay or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers1 ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collectin g data for duplicatingm achine operators and elevator operators.

23

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections o f a com plete set
o f books or records relating to one phase of an establishment’ s busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This jo b does not
require a knowledge o f accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filin g system containing a number
o f varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc.
May
also file this material.
May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material.
May perform related clerica l tasks required to maintain
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bination o f the follow ing:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calcu lated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out p aychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Com p­
tometer but, in which, use of this m achine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class C.
Performs routine filing o f material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




Class A.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com bina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards.
Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f coding skills and the making of some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch m achine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other m inor clerica l work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerica l and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the following; (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f co m ­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge o f
o ffice routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as o ffice assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"v ic e president," though normally indicative o f this role, does n o tin all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerica l staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the follow ing level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer lev el) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in all, over 25, O X persons.
C)
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman o f the
board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,000 persons; or

26

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the o ffice r lev el)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity ( e .g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e t c .) or a m ajor geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
o f a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerica l tasks.
May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent le v e l o f o fficia l) that em ploys, in all, over 5,0 0 0
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scien tific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy.
May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e . g . , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
by the following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and
that em ploys, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and
Class C
o ffic e procedures and of the sp ecific business operations, organization,
p olicies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerica l tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the sp ecific le v e l situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e t c . ; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.
Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent lev el of o fficia l) that em ploys, in ail, fewer than
5,000 persons.

Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles com p lex calls, such as
conference, co lle ct, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll­
tim e assignment. ( '’Full" telephone inform ation service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e .g ., because o f overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for c a lls .)

Class P
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational
unit ( e . g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this le v e l o f supervisory or nonsupervisory w oik er.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine v o ­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from writ­
ten copy.




Class B. Operates a singler or m ultiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited
telephone information service. ("L im ited ” telephone inform ation service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g. , giving extension numbers when sp ecific names are furnished, or if
com plex calls are referred to another op erator.)

27

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties o f operator on a single-position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties.
This typing or
clerica l work may take the major part of this worker1s time while at
switchboard.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

some filing woik.
The woik typically involves portions o f a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A. Operates a variety O f tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calcu lator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences o f long and com plex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group o f tabulatingmachine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance o f some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but small
tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually o f a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation o f the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with
sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing mail.

Class A . Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing.
May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

28

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN— Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation o f com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Woiks in close support with the design originator,
and may recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the effect o f
each change on the details o f form , function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Woiks with a minimum o f supervisory
assistance. Com pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations.
May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com p lex drafting assignments
that require the application o f most o f the standardized drawing tech ­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings o f subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction o f a building including
detail drawings o f foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities o f materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, 6tc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Com pleted work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings o f single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes.
Types
o f drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
o f components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number o f sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods o f approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less com plete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting o f straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close d elin eation .)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings o f easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m ed i­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the follow in g; Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f em ployees’ injuries; keeping
records o f patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
o f applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation o f plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
o f all personnel.

M AINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of w ood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the fo llo w in g Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or v e r b a l
instructions using a variety o f carpenter’ s handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions o f work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work.
In general, the work o f the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticediip or equivalent training and experience.




29

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment.
Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any o f a variety o f
electrical equipm ent such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con ­
trollers, circu it breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety o f
electrician ’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work o f the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation o f
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and b oiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
o f m achinery, temperature, and fuel consumption.
May also supervise
these operations.
Head or ch ief engineers in establishments em ploying
more than one engineer are excluded.

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m ech an ical stoker, or gas or o il burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, o il, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies.
Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs o f
metal parts o f m echanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety of m achinists
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working properties of the
com m on metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

30

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use o f such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the veh icle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with o il or grease, the m oving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs or for the pro­
duction o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work o f
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow ing: Knowledge o f surface p ecu li­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency.
In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Laying out o f work and measuring to locate position o f pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes o f pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cu ttin g
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work o f the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge o f sanitary codes regarding installation o f vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In general,
the woik o f the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

31

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types o f sheet-m etal maintenance woik from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types o f sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety o f handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(D ie maker; jig

maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety o f tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding o f the working properties o f com m on metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions o f woik,
speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal parts during
fabrication as w ell as o f finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Woik in-

CUSTODIAL AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
Woikers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an o ffice , apartment house, or com m erical
or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing;
Sweeping, m opping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

32

ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows;

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to fillin g orders and in­
dicating items fille d or om itted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the type o f con ­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f the following:
Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify content; selection
o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves; A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means o f transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file o f shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
R eceiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness o f shipments against bills o f
lading, in voices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as; Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers’ houses or places o f business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-th e-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis o f trailer c a p a city .)
Truckdriver (com bination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V 2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-p ow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y in d ic a t in g d a t e s o f e a r l i e r s t u d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u lle tin s is
a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u lle t in s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a le s o f f i c e s shown on the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e

A k r o n , O h io , J u ly 1967 1_________________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , A p r . 1967 ___________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1968 1_____________________
A lle n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
N.
F e b . 1967 __________________________________________________
A t la n t a , G a . , M a y 1967 ___________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , O c t . 1967_______________________________
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r —
Ora /nge, T e x . , M a y 1967 ____
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968 __________________________
B o i s e C it y , Idaho, J u ly 19 6 7 _____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t. 1967 1----------------------------------------------

1530-86,
1530-62,
1575-58,

25 ce n ts
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1530-53,
15 3 0-7 1,
1575-18,
1530-74,
1575-59,
1575-3,
1575-13,

25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 ce n ts
20 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
20 c e n ts
30 ce n ts

B u f f a l o , N . Y . , D e c . 1967__________________________________
B u r lin g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1968________________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , A p r . 1967 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1967 ---------------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1968 1--------------------------------------------C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , A u g . 1967-------------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1967 1 _________ _______________________
C in c in n a t i, O h i o — y . — n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 1 ________________
K
I
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Sep t. 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 6 7 _______________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v. 19 6 7 _______________________________ ___

1575-41,
1575-48,
1530-58,
1530-61,
1575-57,
1575-7,
1530-73,
1575-62,
1575-14,
1575-23,
157 5 - 2 0 ,

D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s la n d —M o l i n e , Iowa—
R
111.,
O c t . 1 967___________________________________________________
D a y t o n , O h i o , J an. 1968 1--------------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1967 1____ _____________________ ______
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, F e b . 1968 1----------------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J an. 1968 1_______________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v . 1 967_^___________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u l y 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , June 1967 -------------------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1967 1___________________ _______
J a c k s o n , M i s s ., F e b . 1968 x____ _________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , Jan. 1968-------------------------------------------K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , N o v . 1 9 6 7 1___________________
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N .H ., June 1967 -------------H
L it t l e R o c k — o r t h L it t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1967______
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m —
Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f ., M a r . 1967 1 -------------------------- --L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— n d . , F e b . 1968__________________________
I
L u b b o c k , T e x . , June 1967 ________________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u ly 1967-------------------------------------------M e m p h i s , T en n.— r k . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1---------------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 967 1--------------------------- ----- -----------------M id la nd and O d e s s a , T e x . , June 1 9 6 7 ----------------------------

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e

M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1967 1_____________________________
M inneapolis—
St. Pa u l, M i n n . , J an. 1968_________________
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e ig h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1968 1________
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , F e b . 1968 1______________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , Jan. 1 9 6 8 1____________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1968______________________________
^ e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1967 1_______ ______________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , June 1967 1----------------------------------------------O k la h o m a C it y , O k l a . , J u ly 1 967_________________________

1 5 3 0 -7 6 ,
1575-47,
1575-60,
1575-54,
1 5 7 5 -3 4 ,
1575-46,
1 5 3 0 -8 3 ,

35c e n t s
25c e n t s
30c e n t s
40 c e n ts

1 5 3 0 -8 2 ,
1 57 5 - 4 ,

25cen ts
20ce n ts

30 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
25 ce n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts

O m a h a , N e b r .— o w a , O c t . 1 967 1_________________________
I
P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1967 _____________
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . — . J . , N ov. 1967 1______________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1968 1----------------------------------------------P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1968-------------------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v. 1967 1_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 6 7 _______________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t—W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
M a y 1967 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 967 1------------------------------------------------R i c h m o n d , V a . , Nov. 1 967 1_______________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1967 -----------------------------------------------------

1575-21,
1530-67,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
157 5 - 1 6 ,
1530-79,

25 c e n ts
25ce n ts
30c e n ts
30c e n ts
30c e n ts
25c e n ts
25ce n ts

1530-70,
1 575-6,
1 575-27,
1530-68,

30 ce n ts
25ce n ts
25 c e n ts
20 ce n ts

157 5 - 1 2 ,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1575-22,
1 5 7 5 -5 ,
1530-66,
1530-85,
1 575- 36,

25 ce n ts
30 c ents
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c ents
25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 c e n t s
25 c e n ts
30 c e n t s

St. L o u i s , M o . —
111., Jan. 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
Salt L a k e C it y , Utah, D e c . 1967---------------------------------------San A n t o n io , T e x . , June 1967 1 ______________________ _____
R
O
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
A u g . 1967 1---------------------------------------------------------------------------San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v. 1 967---------------------------------------------San F r a n c i s c o — a kla nd , C a l i f . , Jan. 1968_______________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1 967 1 --------------------------------------------Sa va nnah, G a . , M a y 1 9 6 7 --------------------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u ly 1967 1____________________ ..___________
S ea ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v . 1 967 1______________________

1575-39,
1575-35,
1 5 3 0 -8 4 ,

30ce n ts
20 c e n ts
25c e n ts

1575-10,
1 5 7 5 -1 9 ,
1575-37,
1 5 7 5 -1 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 9 ,
157 5 -9 ,
1 57 5 -2 9 ,

30c e n ts
20ce n ts
25ce n ts
25c e n ts
20c e n t s
25 c e n ts
25 ce n ts

1575-49,
1575-33,
1575-30,
1530-77,
157 5 - 2 ,

30 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n ts
20 c e n t s
25 ce n ts

1 5 3 0 -6 5 ,
1575-50,
1 5 3 0 -7 5 ,
1575-1,
1 57 5 - 3 2 ,
1575-28,
1 53 0 - 78,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
20 c e n t s
20 c e n ts
2 5 c ents
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s

S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , O ct . 1 967 1__________________________
South B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1968 1_____________________________
S p o k an e , W a s h . , June 1967 1 ______________________________
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1 967________________
T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , F e b . 1968___________________________
T r e n t o n , N. J . , N o v . 1 967--------------------------------------------------W a s h in g t o n , D . C . —Md.— a . , Sept. 1 967--------------------------V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , A p r . 1968 1------------------------------------------W a t e r l o o , I o w a , Nov. 1 967-------------------------------------------------W ic h it a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 967---------------------------------------- --------W o r e e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1967 ____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1968 1................................... ................................
Y o u n g s to w n —W a r r e n , O h i o , N ov. 1 967 1---------------------------

1 57 5-1 7,
1575-56,
1 5 3 0 -8 0 ,
1575-8,
1575-43,
15 7 5 -2 4 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 1 ,
1575-53,
1 5 7 5 -2 6 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 1 ,
1575-42,
1 5 7 5 -2 5 ,

25 cen ts
30 ce n ts
25ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30c e n ts
20ce n ts
25ce n ts
30c e n ts
20 cen ts
20 cents
25c e n ts
30c e n ts
25c e n ts

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

30c e n ts
30 ce n ts
30 c e n ts


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102