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■ EA WAGE SURVEY
incinnati, Ohio— Kentucky— Indiana,
Metropolitan Area, February 1973
B ulletin 1775-53







Preface
T h i s b u l le t in p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a F e b r u a r y 1973 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l
e a r n i n g s in t h e C i n c i n n a t i , O hio— e n t u c k y — d ia n a , Stan dar d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s ­
K
In
t i c a l A r e a ( C l e r m o n t , H a m il t o n , and W a r r e n C o u n t i e s , Ohio; B o o n e , C a m p b e l l ,
and K en to n C o u n t i e s , K y.; and D e a r b o r n C o u n ty , I n d .).
T he s u r v e y w a s m a d e a s
p a r t o f th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' an n u al a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
The
p r o g r a m i s d e s i g n e d to y i e l d d a ta f o r i n d iv i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , a s w e l l a s
n a t i o n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l S tan d ar d M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a s in th e United
S t a t e s , e x c l u d in g A l a s k a and H a w a i i, ( a s d e f i n e d by th e U .S. O f f ic e o f M a n a g e m e n t
and B u d g e t t h r o u g h N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in t h e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m i s th e n e e d to
d e s c r i b e t h e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t of w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , t h r o u g h
t h e a n a l y s i s o f (1) th e l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s by o c c u p a t i o n , and (2) th e
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The p rogram d e ­
v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n th at m a y be u s e d fo r m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n c lu d in g w a g e and
s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plan t
location .
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y t h e U .S. D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r to m a k e
w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 96 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in t h e p r o g r a m .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on
i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . ) In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s d a ta a r e c o l l e c t e d a n ­
n u a l l y . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s ,
c o l l e c t e d e v e r y s e c o n d y e a r in th e p a s t , i s n o w o b t a i n e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a i l i n d iv i d u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m p l e t e d ,
tw o su m m a r y b u lletin s a re is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r d a ta f o r e a c h m e t r o ­
politan a r e a su rv e y e d .
T h e s e c o n d s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s n a t i o n a l and r e ­
g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data.
T h e C i n c i n n a t i s u r v e y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y t h e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
C h i c a g o , III., u n d e r t h e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f P e t e r J. H e b e i n , a c t in g A s s i s t a n t
R egional D ir ec to r for O p erations.
T he s u r v e y c o u l d not h a v e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d
—w ith ou t th e c o o p e r a t i o n o f t h e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d
t h e b a s i s f o r t h e s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in t h i s b u l l e t i n .
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to
e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n for the c o o p e ra tio n r e c e iv e d .

Note:
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in t h e C i n c i n n a ti a r e a i s a v a i l a ­
b l e f o r s e l e c t e d la u n d r y and d r y c l e a n i n g o c c u p a t i o n s ( F e b r u a r y 197 3).
A lso
a v a i l a b l e a r e l i s t i n g s o f u n io n w a g e r a t e s f o r b u i ld in g t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g t r a d e s ,
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y store e m p lo y ee s.
F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l
o ffices.
(See b ac k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

m EA W A O E SUF2 E Y
V

B u lle tin 17 7 5 - 5 3
M ay 1973

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner

Cincinnati, O h io — Kentucky— Indiana, f^etropclotan Area, Febryary 1973
CO N TEN TS

5 tA T ^ r

Page

2 I n t r o d u c t io n
5 W age tr en d s for s e le c t e d occu p a tio n a l groups

e
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T ables:
1.
2.
3.

20

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s t u d i e d
I n d e x e s of e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a d j u s t e d f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s

A.
10
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

7r>~

'oS/r.

O ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s:
A - 1.
O f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A - la . O ffice o c cu p a tio n s— a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s : W eek ly e a rn in g s
l
A -2,
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A - 2 a . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A -3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , b y s e x
A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , b y s e x
l
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s : H o u r ly e a r n i n g s
A - 4 a . M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
l
A -5.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
A - 5 a . C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s

22 A p p e n d ix .

O ccup ation al d e s c r ip t io n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 50 cents domestic postpaid or 35 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

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In tro d u c tio n
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h i n the s a m e job. T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d fo r st u d y a r e
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d ix . U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , the
e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g th e job t i t l e s a r e fo r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e of the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , or
f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n
i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
is p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data. E a r n i n g s
d a ta not s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y fo r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a l l
i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d d a t a , w h e r e sh o w n . L i k e w i s e , data a r e i n c lu d e d
in t h e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n of s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s not s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s not
a vailab le.

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 96 in w h ic h the U .S. D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s a n n u a l l y . 1 F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a , c o l l e c t e m p l o y m e n t , e a r n i n g s ,
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s , and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s i n f o r m a t i o n e v e r y t h ir d
year.
In e a c h o f the i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and e a r n i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d b y m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s the r e s u l t s
of the l a t t e r ty p e s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ithin s ix broad ind ustry d iv is io n s : M anufacturing; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
in d u stry groups exclu d ed fr o m th e se stu d ies are go v e rn m en t o p e r a ­
t i o n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v i n g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d fo r e a c h of
the bro a d in d u str y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e sh o w n fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x ­
c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n ­
c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to t h e n e a r e s t
h a l f hour) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s a r e r o u n d ed
to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s . T h e s a m ­
pling p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a tific a tio n of a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s
w i t h i n th e s c o p e o f an i n d iv i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y and n u m b e r
of e m p l o y e e s . F r o m t h i s s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e i s
s e l e c t e d , w i t h e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e of
s e l e c t i o n . T o o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n of l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d . W h e n data
a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to i t s p r o b a ­
b i l i t y of s e l e c t i o n , s o th at u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it i s g i v e n a
w e i g h t of f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p l u s t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a t i o n i f d a t a a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r t h e o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If
no s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t i s a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r that i s s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g un it.

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e of the
fo llo w in g ty p e s:
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r ­
a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m ent pattern s.
F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y ed by
h igh - or lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y change or h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad­
v a n c e t o b e t t e r j o b s and be r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n t h o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g
th e y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th an i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w i t h i n the
groups.

1 Included in th e 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by th e Bureau u n d er c o n tra c t.
These areas
are A ustin, T e x .; Bingham ton, N .Y . (New Y ork po rtio n only); D urham , N. C . ; Fort L au d erd ale—
H ollyw ood and W est P a lm B each, F la .; H u n tsv ille, A la .; L exington, K y .; Poughkeepsie— ingston—
K
N ew burgh, N. Y. ; R ochester, N .Y . (o ffice o ccupations only); Syracuse, N. Y. ; and U tic a—R o m e, N .Y .
In ad d itio n , th e Bureau conducts m ore lim ite d a rea studies in ap p ro x im ately 70 areas a t th e request
of the E m ploy m ent Standards A d m in istratio n of th e U. S. D ep artm en t of Labor.

A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . In­
d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and
thu s c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b . P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in
ind ividu al e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

O c c u p a t i o n s and E a r n i n g s




2

3
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s fo r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
t i o n s sh o u ld not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y of th e s e x e s
w i t h i n in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib u t e to
d i f f e r e n c e s i n c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e
o n ly the r a t e s p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e of s p e ­
c i f i c d u t ie s w it h i n the g e n e r a l s-urvey job d e s c r i p t i o n s . J o b d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l lo w for
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n the s c o p e of the stu d y and not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
ally su rv e y e d . B e c a u s e occu p ation al str u c tu r e s am ong e sta b lish m e n ts
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a in e d f r o m the s a m p l e




o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
t a n c e of th e j o b s s t u d ie d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y of th e e a r n i n g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W age P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
bu lletin .
Inform ation for th e s e ta b u la tio n s, c o lle c t e d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in the p a s t , i s now c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on
m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ;
sh if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w o r k w e e k ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ;
and h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in t h e B - s e r i e s
t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .




T a b le 1. E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs w ithin scope of survey and num ber studied in C incinnati, O h io —K y .—In d .,1
by m a jo r industry d ivision ,2 F e b ru a ry 1 9 7 3
M in i m u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

I n d u s tr y d iv is io n

N u m b e r of e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ith in s c o p e
of s tu d y 3

S t u d ie d

S tu d ie d
N um ber

P e rce n t

A ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts

_

1, 041

211

2 5 2 ,3 8 5

100

1 4 1 ,2 6 8

50
«

478
563

97
114

1 4 7 ,4 0 3
10 4 , 982

58
42

8 3 , 896
5 7 ,3 7 2

50
50
50
50
50

81
122
181
73
106

28
15
29
17
25

2 5 ,3 2 2
1 1 ,6 3 5
4 0 , 234
1 2 ,9 7 9
1 4 ,8 1 2

10
5
16
5
6

2 0 , 780
2 , 195
2 1 ,0 4 7
7 , 881
5, 469

A l l d i v i s i o n s ----------------------------------------------------

_

95

74

1 3 2 ,8 0 9

100

1 1 7 ,1 5 8

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 ------------------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 ------- ----R e t a i l t r a d e 6 ------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 --------S e r v i c e s 6 7 ----------------------------------------------------------

500

62
33

43
31

8 7 ,3 4 2
4 5 ,4 6 7

66
34

7 2 , 723
4 4 ,4 3 5

500
500
500
500
500

10
3
9
7
4

10
1
9
7
4

17, 4 8 5
1 ,5 4 8
17, 6 8 7
6 , 279
2, 468

13
1
13
5
2

1 7 ,4 8 5
516
17, 6 8 7
6 , 279
2, 468

A l l d i v i s i o n s -----------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 -----------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e 6 .
__ ----- —
----- — —
R e t a i l t r a d e 6 ------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 --------S e r v i c e s 6 7 ---------------------------------------------------------L a rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts

1 T h e C i n c i n n a t i S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e O f f ic e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 1 , c o n s i s t s
o f C l e r m o n t , H a m i l t o n , a n d W a r r e n C o u n t i e s , O h io ; B o o n e , C a m p b e l l , a n d K e n to n C o u n t i e s , K y .; a n d D e a r b o r n C o u n ty , I n d . T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h in
s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in
th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w i t h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a to m e a s u r e
e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e
p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
z T h e 1 9 6 7 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s ta b l is h m e n t s w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p ic tu r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " i n th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x ic a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r t a ti o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s ti m a t e s f o r " a ll i n d u s t r ie s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g " in th e S e r ie s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p l o y m e n t i n t h e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o te ls a n d m o te l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a rk in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ;
n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d in g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g i n e e r i n g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
I n d u s t r ia l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u f a c tu r in g
A l m o s t t h r e e - f i f t h s o f t h e w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y i n t h e C i n c i n n a t i a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
f o ll o w i n g p r e s e n t s t h e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
In d u s try g ro u p s

S p e c if i c i n d u s t r i e s

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ------------------------------------------------------18
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l -----------------------------------------------13
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------------------------- 12
C h e m i c a l s a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------------- 10
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s --------------------------------------------------- 8
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g ---------------------------------------------------------- 7
E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t a n d s u p p l i e s ________________________ 6

The

A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s --------------------------------------------------------------------- 10
M e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e r y _____________________________________ 9
M o to r v e h i c l e s a n d e q u i p m e n t ______________________________ 8
S o a p , c l e a n e r s , a n d t o i l e t g o o d s ____________________________ 6
B e v e r a g e s ______________________________________________________ 4

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s ti m a t e s of to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e riv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e m a t e r i a ls c o m p ile d p r io r
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r io u s i n d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y d if f e r f r o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n

to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

W ag e Trends fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s of c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s of o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e i n d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a
p e r c e n t of w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 1 0 0 f r o m the
i n d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d ate of the i n d e x . T h e p e r c e n t s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s . A n n u a l r a t e s of i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
s h o w n , r e f l e c t the a m o u n t of i n c r e a s e fo r 12 m o n t h s w h e n the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s .
These com pu­
t a t i o n s a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t i o n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t
rate b e tw e en s u r v e y s.
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s of c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p ay
c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

T h e i n d e x i s a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and i s e x ­
p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in th e b a s e y e a r .
The b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d th e v a l u e o f 1 0 0 p e r c e n t . T h e i n d e x i s c o m p u t e d by m u l t i ­
p l y i n g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100 p e r c e n t ) b y th e r e l a t i v e (the p e r c e n t
c h a n g e p l u s 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and t h e n c o n ­
t in u in g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s in d e x .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , t h e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of ea rn in g s for o v e r tim e .
F or p lan tw ork er grou p s, they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late sh ifts.
T he p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s and i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w i t h i n
e a ch group.

M e t h o d o f C o m p u t in g
E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w i t h i n an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p i s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l gr oup:
O ffic e c l e r ic a l (m e n and
w o m en ):
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
o p e ra to rs, c la s s B
C le rk s, a c c o u n tin g , c la s se s
A and B
C le rk s, f i l e , c la s se s
A , B, an d C
C le rk s, order
C le rk s, p a y ro ll
K e y p u n ch o p e ra to rs, c la s se s
A and B
M e ssen g ers ( o f f ic e b oys or
g irls)

O ffic e c l e r ic a l (m e n and
w o m e n )— C o n tin u ed
S e c r e ta r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l
S te n o g ra p h e rs, se n io r
S w itch b o a rd o p e ra to rs, c la s se s
A an d B
T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B
T y p ists, c la s se s A and B
In d u strial nurses (m e n and
w o m en ):
N urses, in d u stria l (re g iste re d )

N O TE :
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs, u sed
su rv ey e d by th e Bu reau .

L im ita tio n s of Data
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s of c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l
w o r k e r s w h i l e in t h e s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to c h a n g e s in t h e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s . C h a n g e s in
t h e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e r a g e s w ithout actu a l w a g e c h a n g e s.
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e th a t e v e n
th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h ave d e c lin e d b e c a u se lo w e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts e n tered
th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y h a v e
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y h a v e r i s e n
c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s e n te r e d the a r ea .

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a ch in ists
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s ( a u t o m o tiv e )
P ain ters
P ip e fitte rs
T o o l and d ie m a k e rs
U n sk ille d p la n t (m e n ):
Ja n ito r s , p o rters, and
c le a n e r s
L ab o re rs, m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g

in th e c o m p u ta tio n o f p rev io u s tre n d s,

a re

no lo n g e r

T h e u s e of c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s t h e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h job i n ­
c lu d e d in t h e data.
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s in
a v e ra g e pay for str a ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , or b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v e r tim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta a r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s of c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y
c h a n g e s in t h e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and th e p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s
in the g r o u p a r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s a r e
r e la te d by su btra ctin g the a g g r e g a te for the e a r l i e r y e a r fr o m the
a g g r e g a t e , f o r the l a t e r y e a r and d i v i d i n g th e r e m a i n d e r b y th e a g g r e ­
g a t e fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 s h o w s th e p e r c e n t
of change.




5




T a b l e 2. Indexes of earnin gs for selected occupational g ro u p s in|Cincinnati, O h i o — K y . — Ind., F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 2
and F e b ru a r y 1 9 7 3 and percents of incre ase for selected period s
A ll in d u s tr ie s
W e e k ly e a r n i n g s
P e rio d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n an d
w o m en )

In d u str ia l
n u rse s
(m e n an d
w o m en )

M a n u fa c tu rin g

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s
S k i lle d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

W e e k ly e a r n i n g s
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n a n d
w om en )

U n s k il le d
p la n t w o rk ers
(m e n )

In d u str ia l
n u rse s
(m e n and
w o m en )

H o u r ly e a r n i n g s
S k i lle d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

U n s k il le d
p la n tw o rk ers
(m e n )

I n d e x e s ( M a r c h 1 9 6 7 :1 0 0 )
F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 2 _____________________________________
F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 3 _____________________________________

1 3 0 .9
1 3 8 .1

1 4 3 .4
1 4 8 .1

1 3 8 .9
1 4 7 .8

1 3 2 .3
1 3 9 .8

1 3 3 .5
1 3 9 .9

1 4 3 .6
1 4 8 .3

1 3 7 .4
1 4 5 .6

1 3 5 .7
1 4 4 .4

P e rc e n ts of in c re a se
F e b r u a r y 19 6 0 to M a r c h 1 9 6 1 :
1 3 - m o n th i n c r e a s e — ----- ---------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e ---------------------------------

2 .7
2 .5

5 .3
4 .9

5 .2
4 .8

6 .0
5 .5

2 .9
2 .7

5 .4
5 .0

5.1
4 .7

6 .6
6.1

M a r c h 1961 to M a r c h 19 6 2 ------------------------------M a r c h 1 9 6 2 to M a r c h 1 9 6 3 ------------------------------M a r c h 1 9 6 3 to M a r c h 1 9 6 4 ------------------M a r c h 1 9 6 4 to M a r c h 19 6 5 ------------------------------M a r c h 1 9 6 5 to M a r c h 196 6 ------------------------------M a r c h 19 6 6 to M a r c h 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------M a r c h 1 9 6 7 to M a r c h 19 6 8 ------------------------------M a r c h 1 9 6 8 to M a r c h 19 6 9 -----------------------------M a r c h 1 9 6 9 to F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 0 :
1 1 - m o n th i n c r e a s e -------------------- ------------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e ---------------------------------

3 .6
3 .0
2 .3
2 .9
2 .3
4 .6
5 .0
5 .0

1 .0
3 .5
1 .9
3 .8
1 .8
5 .4
8 .1
5 .5

1.6
3 .9
2 .5
2 .6
3 .8
4 .4
6 .4
5 .9

4 .8
2 .9
3 .0
2 .5
5 .6
3 .9
6 .0
3 .9

3 .3
2 .7
2 .2
2 .2
2 .5
4 .2
5 .1
4 .9

1.0
3 .0
2 .5
3 .8
2 .8
4 .0
8 .6
6 .0

1.3
4 .0
2 .7
2 .2
3 .4
4 .9
6 .6
5 .9

4 .8
3.1
2 .4
2 .6
4 .7
3 .7
5 .6
4 .7

4 .3
4 .7

7 .8
8 .5

5 .2
5 .7

4 .8
5 .2

4 .7
5.1

6 .4
7 .0

5 .3
5 .8

5.6
6.1

F e b r u a r y 1970 to F e b r u a r y 1971 ---------------------F e b r u a r y 1971 to F e b r u a r y 197 2 ---------------------F e b r u a r y 19 7 2 to F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 3 ----------------------

7 .9
5 .5
5 .5

9 .0
7 .0
3 .3

9 .4
7 .2
6 .4

9.1
5 .1
5 .7

9 .0
6 .1
4 .8

9 .5
7 .1
3 .3

8 .6
6 .5
6 .0

8 .7
6 .9
6 .4

i




7

T a b l e 3. P e r c e n ts of increase in avera ge hourly earnin gs for selected occ upatio nal g rou ps , adjusted
for e m p lo y m e n t shifts, in Cincinnati, O h i o — K y .— Ind., F e b r u a r y 1 972 to F e b ru a r y 1973
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fac ­
t u r in g

N onm anu­
fa c tu r in g

5 .2
4 .5
6 .0
5 .8

O c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

5 .3

5.1

5 .5
6 .1

)
5 .2

1 D a t a d o n o t m e e t p u b li c a t io n c r i t e r i a .

N O T E : T a b le 3 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s t e d to e x c l u d e th e e f f e c t o f e m p lo y m e n t s h i f t s .
T h e n ew m e th o d
f o r c o m p u tin g w a g e t r e n d s i s b a s e d on c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
r e p o r t i n g th e in d e x j o b s in b o th th e c u r r e n t a n d p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) ,
h o ld in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e jo b s c o n s t a n t .
T h e n ew w a g e t r e n d s a r e n o t lin k e d to th e c u r r e n t i n d e x e s b e c a u s e th e n e w w a g e
t r e n d s m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e s w h e r e a s th e c u r r e n t in d e x e s
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a r e a a v e r a g e s .
O th e r c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f th e n ew w a g e t r e n d s w h ich
d i f f e r f r o m th e c u r r e n t o n e s in c lu d e (1) e a r n i n g s d a t a o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s ­
t r i a l n u r s e s a r e c o n v e r t e d to a n h o u r l y b a s i s , a n d (Z) t r e n d e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e n e w m e th o d u s e d to c o m p u te a r e a w a g e s u r v e y
i n d e x e s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W age S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 3 ,
pp. 5 2 -5 7 .

n
i

8

A.

Occu patio na l earnings

T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C i n c i n n a t i , O h io — y .—I n d . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 3 )
K

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w eekly e a r n in g s of—
Num ber
O c c u p a t io n

an d

in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
workers

$

A verage
w eekly
(standard

U nder
M ean A

M edian

^

t

M iddle ranged

$
75

s
80

$
85

s

s

$
90

95

10 0

$

$
110

120

$
13 0

*
1 40

$
150

$
160

t
1 70

$
1 80

*
1 90

s

*
2 00

21C

S
220

S
2 30

an d
under

75

85

90

95

1 00

110

120

11
11

80

240
an d

16
10

18
14

21
14

13 0

1 40

1 50

16 0

1 80

J
6

44
14

17 0

1
1
1

19 0

2 00

21C

22C

23C

2 40

over

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
eiLLERS,

NCHNE

(BILLING
1 51
1 04
32

3 9.0
3 8.5
4 0 .0

$
120.00
125.00
101.^ 0

$
110.50
109.50
191.50

$
$
9 6 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

69
7-3

39.0
3 9 .0

1 1 0 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 1 1 4 .5 0
1 0 4 .jC 102.50

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

148.50 146.00
1 5 6 .0 0 1 5 3 .5 0
1 3 7 . j 0 1 3 7 .0 0

1 2 8 .5 0 1 6 4 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0 1 5 2 .0 0

400
48

3 9.0
3 9.5

f , A nn
113.00
1^3 0C 1 2 1 . 5 0
1 0 8 .5 0 1 0 7 .5 0
123.50 115.00

9 9 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0 1 4 1 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 132.50

96

39.5

nn
i n 1 . *r\ i n /4 . 0 0
11
jO 10

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

2

3

14
8

18
14

13
13

3
3

BCCKKEEPING-FACFINE CPERATGRS*
r */• i-i i>w t /<

rn
323
<-£.9

3 9.0
3 8.5
3 9 .0

3 2
__r

3
^ 7
n /

9 4 .00

3

30

*

•
"

00 "0

/».

r n uc

39.5
39.5

235
57

NCNMANUTAf Tl^R I NG
G

128.CC 1 2 6 . 5 0
1 3 0 . 5C 1 3 2 . 5 0
1 2 4 .5 0 1 1 3 .5 0

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5

1 3 2 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

n a\ rtr t .
j *

300
131
1 69
796
385
PODEIC C T I L IT IE S
MESSENGERS (CFFICE

BCYS AND G I R L S ) -

rULL 1C Ul 1L i 1 1 Lj

3 9.0

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

78
313
111
25
2,757
1,664
1 ,0 9 3
l->7

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le s .




3 8.5

3 8.5

27
24

14

30

9 0 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

1 '
1 '

26
29

8
43

9

121.50
1 23.50
1 1 9 .5 0

120.00
122.00
117.50

153
87

5
9

1 0 7 .5 0 1 1 0 .5 0 1 0 4 .5 0 -

108.50
1 1 2 .0 0

107.50
112.00
1 0 3.50
1 1 3.50

9
9
9
9

6
7
6
4

.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

-

34

24

16
23

6

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0

147.50

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0 169.00
1 1 9 .0 0 1 6 1 .0 0

35
35

i
i

2

6
37
21
16

82
31
51

139
69
70
20

56

24
31

7

5

16 1
74
87

117
56
61

89
68
21

67
32

16
14

43
39

50

83
68

36

25
8
17
11

1

1

66
44
22

44
19

°0
1
1-9

93
49
4-4
73

128

62
34
28

9

''7

2

1

8

2

6

23
22
1

15

8

11

2

3

*

1
1

1
1

8
8

i

2

*

6
9

6

14
10

11

I!
3*

''C

J3

35

21
11

30

io
2

2

58
24
34

46
22
24

68
31
37

45
15
30

16
15
l

7
i

102
31
71

15 3
48
105

187
115
72
25

104
60
44
11

27
19
8

36
15
21

i

22
16

13
8

7

3

-

184
82
102

208
80
128

35

28

30

38

36

22

27

32

30

21

14

27
8
19

19

8

i
i

92
58
34
18

2

3

2

1 03
68
35

33

10

3

-

-

i
i

2
2

8

5

2

1

5

3

-

-

-

47

50
28
22

-

-

77

C

rT

23
2"8

14

1

2
339
196
143

2
2

2

t3

23

2

2
2

*>0
3

27

47
13

26
11
15

17

28

8

91

15

3

30
24

32

15

12

1 1 9 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 2 1.00

98.00
1 0 4 .0 0
9 2 .50
1 0 6.50

3

11
fr4

1 0 7 .0 0 1 3 1.00
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 130.00

1 3 9.00
159.00

88
44

62

1

1 6 9 .0 0

15

T7

22

1 1 4 .5 0 1 4 6.00
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 1 5 0.50

1 4 9 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0

2

1

1 2 9 .5 0
128.50
136.00

9 9.00
1 0 5 .5 0

43

15
r

16

38
21
17

fn n
MJ.O 1 2 3 . 5 0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

2

1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 1.00

110.00

40

14
14

S0 00

881
527
354

21
1
20

.

92.00
* 5 ?*
1 .5

8

302
17 0
13 2

36 8
1 35

3

3

2
382
11 7
44

*nn
3 ;,,
76

l^O
66
w

14 1
100
41

__

12
23

13

.,

7

9
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s :

W e e k ly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d

(A v e rag e st r a ig h t- tim e w eekly h o u rs and e a rn in g s of w o r k e r s in se le c te d o ccu p a tio n s by in d u stry d iv isio n , C in cin n ati, Ohio— y — d ., F e b r u a r y 1973)
K
In
W eekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

1

w eekly
h ou rs1
(standard)

Under
M ean 2

M edian

^

of

Number of w orkers receiving straigh t-tim e weekly earnings

$

*

Num ber
of
work ere

$

M iddle ranged

75

75

%
80

$
85

$
90

t

$
95

100

$
110

120

130

i

$

$
140

1 50

$
1 60

S

$
170

18 0

%

t

1

190

2 00

21C

t

220

$
230

and
under
80

240
and

85

90

95

1 00

11 0

120

18
14
4

7

' n
77
f?
14

3i

4

l l 7
55
59

0r
31
54

105

1 80

190

23
16

34
10
24

1

7

66
22
44

150

1 70

2

14 0

160

7

1 30

76
25
51

39

76
45
31

88
71
17

64
43
21
8

233
19 3
40
32

1 13
112

52
46

200

210

22C

2 30

2 40

over

l
1

.J

10
3

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINEDCONTINUED

SECRETARIES -

CONTINUED
$

175.50

$
$
1 5 9 .5 0 1 5 2 .5 0 1 6 7 .5 0 -

155.00
1 5 6.00
154.50

1 3 7 .5 0 1 8 0 .0 0
1 3 2 . 5 0 - 1 8 7 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 7 1 .0 0

149.50
1 6 1 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0 178.50
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 8 6 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0 1 60.00

$1 7 3 . 0 0
66

rU uLU ,

17 t " '0
177.50

'*0"
294
291

39 0
3 9.5
3 0.0

1 5 8 .0 0

83

„ T
r-^

3 9.5
3 7.5

* 152.00
•
7 0 #^ 1 5 8 .0 0
n
/ n n 1 8 3 .0 0

7
2

L 1 1 L 1 1 i LO
.

39 0
3 9.0

SECRET ARIES* CLASS C
7n/
r L t L i L V 1L 1 I 1 t
JI

Oo

j
i

1 5 8 .5 0

1 3 0 00
1 4 5 . 0C
123.00
1 4 4 . vC
„ _^

,009

30 * 1 1 5 .0 0
"
38.5 116.00

357
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

3 9 .0

Wi

nn
7n • D i 3
30 *^ 1 i i1 * 0 0

272
77

r, r ,.n>Tn nr
5 W TCMDOAR C CPERATORoi
I

5
2

„ . , rj. „
CL A^
D

SWITCHECARC CPERATCR-RECEPTIGNISTS-

140 00
148.00
1 2 1.00
lv j.0 0
50
112.50
1 1 0 .0 0
144.00

15
,

1
1

5

2
2

2

zf
8
4

1 0 4 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 3 9 .0 0 -

,

1

1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
183.50

410
1 99
211

3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 9.0

1 0 8 .0 0
111.00
103.00

1 05.00
1 08.00
103.00

80

3 8.5
3 9.5

1 1 3 .5 0

107.50

8 4 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 9 4 .0 0 -

121.50 125.00

8

17

2
10

15

9

5
17
8

11
1m
/
58
w

33
41

3^0
238
90

270
204
66

22

ncnpanufacturing

-------------------------------

,021
217
804
31

*

W o rk e rs w e re d is trib u te d a s fo llo w s:

S ee fo o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b le s .




30*0
39 .5

3 9.5
3 9 .0

121*00
1 2 0 .0 0

117*"0
1 18.00

104.00
9 9.50
102.50

100.00
103.50
99.00
106.50

1
;
>

57
t-8

3

25
14
n

1
j.
1
11

'
io
8

1
4
9
0

.0
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

-

167
101
66

16 '
12 4
40

8

2

1^6
90

46
26
20

49

44

24
15

13
23

159
13 2
27

3

2

10

2

2

41
18
23

21

18

27
21

32
22
1C

90
75
15

58
49

14
10

12

,
.

8

.
3
1

12

1
1

8
25

9

2

1
5

2

1U

1

10
1

t8

108
49
59

45
16
29

22

13

g
5

1

-

14
8

57
13
64
40
24

16

11

10
10
34
16
18
18

J

.
.

1
1
1

24
19

70

43
109
12

16

8

17
3

15
1-5

1

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

12
8

14

4

20
13
7

7

1

-

-

a

6

56
41

23
8

13
96

15

„„_
34
22
—
-------------------------— —
—
109
1 13
166

18

1

10
8

142
£5
15

67
28
39

2

i

i

4
,
1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 2 . 5 0 PANUPAC TURING
12
40
1 1 0 .5 0
77
1 1 6 .0 0

6 a t $ 240 to $ 250; and 4 a t $ 250 to $ 260.

5

?
40 2 .t

19

10

82
40
42

*

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

9
9
8
9

59

3
3-f

2

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

ta

12

^4
2

. _
^3 8
169

77

To
18

Lb

8

17

1

3

i 7A nn
'•n
•
J
*
3 9 a U 1 3 1 * 5 0 i 2 7 * 0 0 1 1 1 . 0 0 - 1 6 3 . 0C
1 7 3 nn
109 00
102.00

13

5

1 2 2 .5 0 - 156.00
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0 138.00

i -i/ nn 1 1 9 . 5 0 - 1 4 8 . 0 0
?37°? ?
r 3 * # ?j?
1 31 * vC 1 1 4 * 5 0 - 1 4 8 * 5 0

1 1 7 nn
i in 0
1 i1 1 * 0n

TRANSCRIBING-PACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL
MANUPACIUR 1NG —
— — — —— —

20

1
1

1 5 .50

7 n *^

88

194.00
210.00
1 9 2 .5 0

*

1-6
3

10
T a b le A -1 a . O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s —la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts :

W e e k ly e a rn in g s

(Average straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings of w orkers in selected occupations in establishm ents employing 500 w orkers or m ore by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio— y I n d . , Febru ary 1973)
K
-

. . . .......... •

- ...............

O ccu pation and in d u stry d iv isio n ;

N um ber
of

- W eekly-earnings^—
(standard )

N um ber of w o rk e r s r e c e iv in g str a ig h t- tim e w eekly e a rn in g s of
$

A v e rag e
w eekly

70
M edian 2

M ean *

(standard]

M iddle ranged

$

$

75

$

80

i

S

85

s

90

95

%

100

$

no

$
12 0

$

130

1

14 0

1

150

$

s

1 60

1 70

$

180

t

19 0

$

2 00

$

21C

S

t

220

2 30

and
u nder
80

85

90

95

100

110

120

1

75

240

and

6
6

2

140

15 0

18 0

19 0

74

11

2

i

8

160

170

39
8

130

i

2 00

21C

2 2C

2 30

8

8

2 40

o v er

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
$

$

$

$

1^5 00

147*50

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 5 9 .5 0

114.00

122.00
111.50

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

3 9 .5
39*0
CLAoj

D
T90
194

NCNRANUFACTLRING

CLERKS,

FILE,

CLASS

225

CLASS C

89

39.5

9 5.50

92.50

33*'"
CLERKS,

FILE,

3 9 .0

^93*50

39.0

1.50
i An nn

**90

33* ^ 1 4 0 * 0 0

1 13
CLAj S

33*"

137*00

1 51
MESSENGERS

(OFFICE

3 9 .0

3 9 0 1 1 -a nn
3 9 .5 118*50
3 8 .5 105.00

U

eCYS AND G I R L S ) -

232

3 9 .0

127

38.0

1,9 9 8
1,365

92.50

101.50 .101.00

9 1 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

9 8.00

94.50
154.50
1 5 6.00
1 4 9.50

1 3 5 .0 0 1 7 2 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0 173.50
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 7 0 .5 0

1 7 9 .5 0

in 1 90

38*0

163***0

19*"
39 0

J^ *nn 163*50
155*00

C71
194

*

1 9 1 .0 0

39*0
3 8 .5

148*50
130.00

no

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

14

16

w

2
19

2

3B
37

i

19
11
28

3

£

-

3
8

_

32
32

35

46

64

T1
.0

79
40
19

17

29

27

80

tti

14

26

21

22

13

16

51

10

8

19

1

£

10

ij

5

l

1
1

i

•

-

202

2 13

243

76

83

1

'i

8

2

1 4 8.50

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

1

8

128.00

1 1 4 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

1

8

24

8

18

8

12

^97

23

339

.255

*

57
26
31

21

17

99

1 37
46

34

15

24

15

-

-

-

-

92

45

44
10

14

Jr
9

18

71
8

25

17

19

23

6

24
21

^2

32
22
10

10

10
5

16

9
*

6

^6
*13

12

38

1 13
100
40

1Z1

22

17

2i

-

ICO

50
12

3
3

25

16 1

« s

.

49

i

5

*

62

22
12

2
2

26

1 3 3 .0 0 -1 8 7 .0 0

2

5

43

7

2
2

8
5

1

.
104
54
50

2
8

3

1

159*00

8

|

3

13

22

1
8

2-8

1

40

7

13

g

36

f^

11

1

62
62

*5

36

in

1

20

11

?«;
Ir9

iT

n

1

£

'
i

5
r

18

!
1

1

5

35

60

1 4 6 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0
1 4 6 .5 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

t 4 -.OOO

W orkers were distributed a s follow s: 6 at $240 to $250; and 7 at $250 to $260.




71

*C

1 6 8 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0

3 8.5

CLASS

S ee fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le s .

41

1

7

J :

^0

2

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

196
SECRETARIES,

10

n
114.50
105.00

wo

D

13
,

1^

tr, 1 1 3 . 0 0 - 1 3 1 . 5 0

91

CLASS

1

1 5 5 .5 0

_

2

7

34

19

3
i

132*00

. 2 . i«
1 t /4* ^ 0 i t ? *

30*^
SECRETARIES,

!j
2

3
j

2

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

124
121
CL

14

tAA r\r> 1 2 5 . 5 0 - 1 6 0 . 5 0
J j , * qq
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 5 9 .5 0

3 9 .5

a

??
3

^ 9 ’ *00

_

9

1

2

1

i

1

2

1

_

11
T a b l e A -1a. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s ---- C o n t i n u e d
(A v e ra g e

s tr a ig h t-tim e

w e e k ly h o u r s a n d

e a r n in g s

o f w o r k e r s in

s e le c te d

o c c u p a tio n s

in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

e m p lo y in g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s

W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Num ber

Occupation and industry division

N um be

A vo„ ao

$

$

70

w eekly
hours1
(standard)

M ean ^

M edian ^

M iddle ranged

$
75

$

&

80

85

$

90

or m ore

d iv is io n ,

C in c in n a t i,

r of w orkers rece iving straigh t -time
$

i

95

by in d u stry

100

s

110

$

t

120

130

$
140

F eb ru ary

1973)

kly ear nings of—
$

150

O h i o —K y — I n d . ,

$

$

160

170

$

$

180

190

$

$

200

2 1C

and
under

75

$

$

220

230

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

3
3

5
2
3

13
5
8

6

47
24
23

238
204
34

211
188
23

112
90
22
4

42
22
20
17

33
11
22
22

-

9
9

2
2
"

4
2
2
2

23
19
4
4

60
17
43

61
43
18

86
79
7

86
58
28

47
20
27

5
2
3

3
3

4
4

240
and

-

200

21C

22C

2 3C

240

3

3
3
3

6
6
6

-

3
3

-

_
-

15
15

1
1

3
3

_

_
-

*

-

2

-

-

-

_

2

__

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

MEN AND WOMEN COMBI NE D—
CONTINUED
$

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0

$

$

1 1 4 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 - 1 2 3 . 0 0
1 1 4 .0 0 1 0 5 . 5 0 - 1 2 1 . 0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 1 0 1 . 0 0 - 1 3 8 . 0 0
1 4 2 .5 0 1 3 7 . 0 0 - 1 8 2 . 5 0

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

760
578
182
61

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING -----------------

405
248
157

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 3 6 .5 0 1 3 6 .0 0
1 4 1 . 5C 1 3 8 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0 1 2 4 .0 0

1 2 1 .5 0 - 1 4 8 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 4 7 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0 - 1 4 8 .5 0

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

SWITCHBCARC CPERATCRS, CLASS A ----

64

3 9 .5

1 4 4 .5 0

1 4 4 .5 0

1 2 4 .5 0 - 1 6 9 .0 0

-

-

1

i

-

1

3

3

11

7

9

8

4

12

3

1

S W ITCH8CARC OP E R A T O R S , CLASS B ---NCNMANUFACTLRING -----------------

83
55

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0

1 2 8 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0

1 0 5 .5 0 - 1 4 5 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 - 1 3 9 .0 0

4
4

4
4

1
1

i
i

2

14
13

5
4

9
6

13
7

9
3

4

4

-

-

3
3

_

*

4
3

-

6
6

SWITCHBCARC CPERATCR-RECEPTICNISTS-

53

3 9 .5

1 1 9 .5 0

1 1 8 .5 0

1 0 6 .5 0 - 1 3 7 . 5 0

-

-

2

2

2

5

8

10

7

6

7

-

3

1

-

-

6

4

-

-

-

-

8

13
13
"

3
2

2
2

2
2

1

*

1
1
*

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------

-

~

-

-

6

2
2

32
3
29

65

3 8 .0

1 1 8 .0 0

1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 0 .5 0 - 1 3 4 .5 0

-

-

1

-

2

12

16

9

4

9

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING -----------------

273

1 2 0 .5 0 1 1 9 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0 1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 1 1 6 .5 0

1 1 2 .0 0 - 1 2 8 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0 - 1 2 9 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0

_

6

6

7
6
1

7

63

3 9 .0
3 9 „0
3 9 .5

*

5
5
-

20
16
4

99
67
32

65
58
7

24
20
4

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING -----------------

446
159
287

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

9 8 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

83
22
61

68
19
49

104
51
53

48
29
19

17
13
4

12
11
1

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b l e s .




210

9 7 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0

-

i.

2

“

5

4

-

3

-

-

62
10
52

3

49
4

45

7

n
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

12

T a b le A -2 . P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o - K y .— n d . , F e b r u a r y 1973)
I

N u m b er of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g str a ig h t- tim e w eekly e a rn in g s of—
Number
Occupation and industry division

t
w eekly

workers

M ean

^

M edian A

M iddle ranged

*

100 110

S

120

$

$

S
13 0

140

5
150

t
160

$

S

$
170

18 0

1 90

200

$

210

*

220

$

t
230

$
240

t
2 50

S

$
26C

2 7C

$
2 80

and
under

$

100

no

2 90
and

120

130

14 0

150

1 60

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

4

12

16

27

17
7

8

10

3
5

10
8
2

8
5
3

5
4

17

26
13
13

1

5

26
5

16

10

9
9

3
3

1
1

1
1

25 0

2 60

27C

280

5

3

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

'

-

-

_

-

2

-

2

_
-

_

-

2
2

-

2

1

-

_

_

_

_

11

5
3

5

i
*

2
2

4
3

1
1

1

2 90

ove r

MEN ANO WOMEN COMBINED

75

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 8.5

$
$
1 7 9 .5 0 1 7 5 .0 0
179.50 180.00
1 7 9 .5 0 1 7 4 .0 0

$
$
1 6 1 .0 0 -1 9 7 .0 0
160.0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0 -1 9 1 .5 0

231
128
103

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 8.5

1 5 4 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 45.50

148.00
1 52.00
144.50

1 3 8 .5 0 -1 6 4 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

10 5
57

3 9.0
3 9.0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0

130.00
1 23.00

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

10
*10

COMPUTER PRCGR A M ER S,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------

88
66

3 8 .0
3 7.5

220.00

215.50
2 1 5 . 5C 2 1 0 . 5 0

2 0 2 .5 0 -2 3 4 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0 -2 2 9 .0 0

"

COMPUTER PR CGR AM ER S,
BUS INF SS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------

11 5
56
59

3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 8.5

200.00 210.00

1 9 4 .0 0

1 8 9 .0 0

190.00

173.0 0 -2 1 4 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 1 9 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0 -2 1 0 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A --MANUFACTURING ---------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------

1 43

COMPUTER CPERATCRS, CLASS B --MANUFACTURING ---------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --NCNMANUFACTURING -------------

68

1 9 7 .0 0

63

3 9.0

2 86.50

289.00

142
54

88

4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0 .0

246.50
259.50
238.50

242.00
267.50
23 4 .5 0

2 2 4 .5 0 -2 7 8 .0 0
2 4 4 .5 0 -2 8 4 .5 0
2 2 1 .5 0 -2 5 2 .0 0

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

372
363

4 0 .0
4 0.0

213.00
213.00

212.00

2 12.50

1 8 8 .5 0 -2 3 6 .0 0
1 8 8 .0 0 -2 3 6 .5 0

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

506
490

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 3 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0

1 7 6 .0 0
175.00

1 5 2 .5 0 -1 9 5 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0 -1 9 3 .5 0

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

208
1 93

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 50.50
1 4 9 .0 0

1 49.50
1 4 9 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING ----------------

1 16
99

3 9.5
4 0 .0

1 74.50
172.00

172.00
171.50

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

4

8

10
6

10

-

-

-

~

-

7

-

-

-

“

33
18
15

59
33
26

33
25

7

25
7
18

8

21

6
2

6
6

31
23

25
5

10

5

_

_

9

4

i

5

1

1
1

1
1

3
3

_
“

5
5

3
3

7
4
3

10
6

_

_

_

*

*

12

*

“

1
1

_

_

_

_

1

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

7
3

16

12
1
11

*
**

W o rk e rs w e re d is trib u te d
W o rk e rs w e re d is trib u te d
W o rk e rs w e re d is trib u te d

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of t a b le s .




fo llo w s:
fo llo w s:
fo llo w s:

4
i

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

1
1

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

“

*
64
64

45
45

66
66

66

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

~

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
1 4 3 .0 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

-

1
1

9
9

7

-

26
26

155.0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0 -1 8 3 .5 0

-

_

-

2
2

1
1

-

1
1

*

-

-

6

_

2
2

65

10
10

1
1

3
3

-

1
1

-

3
-

3

1

25

11

9
9

_

6
4

20

10

11
2

9

7

8

5
4

9

24
15
9

i

5
3

1

2 6 5 .0 0 -3 0 6 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------

—

2

-

-

I

6
3
3

4
4

11
1
10

12
1
11

27
3
24

4

6

i
I

i

_

i
i

-

-

i

”

I

8

4

7

15
4

13
9
4

6
2

6

11

6

3
3

20
20

22
22

3
3

-

i

*
9

** 30

16 ***17
14
10
7
2
_

40
40

53
53

27
26

42
42

50
50

40
40

33
25

36
36

47
47

63
60

65
64

50
48

69

36
29

i
i

-

_

_

_

_

_

66

-

-

-

-

-

-

38
36

12
11

21

19
15

9
9

23

18
13

21

16
16

8

2
2

3

4
i

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

22

15

16

7

6 at $ 80 to $ 9 0 ; and 4 at $ 90 to $ 100.
12 at $ 290 to $ 300; 7 at $ 300 to $ 320; 7 at $ 320 to $ 340; 3 at $ 340 to $ 360; and 1 a t $ 360 to $ 380.
7 at $ 290 to $ 300; 8 a t $ 300 to $ 320; and 2 at $ 320 to $ 340.

6
6

2
1

_

-

-

-

13
T a b le A -2 a .

P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts : W e e k ly e a rn in g s

(Average straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishm ents employing 500 w orkers or m ore by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., F eb ru ary 1973)

Weekly earnings 1
( t ndard)
sa
Avpra^
weekly
hours

$

$

$

$

N u m b e r of vvorker a receiving straight-time weekly earnings of-S
$
%
%
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
150
140
160
170
180
190
200 210
220 230
240
250
26C

■'"of'"1
workers

Median ^

110

120

130

110

Occupation and industry division

Under 100
$
and
100 under

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

-

-

-

1
1
-

4
2
2

8
2
6

16
10
6

27
10
17

16
7
9

21
10
11

8
3
5

9
8
1

8
5
3

5
4
1

3

3

3

3

27
7

29
21
8

23
3
20

16
12

9
9

9
9

3
3

4
1

1
1

1
1

10

5

1

1

3

-

"

3

1

i

“

5

3

4

23

11

9

6

5

8

11

8

10

11

5

S

$

%

270

280

290

260

270

280

29C

over

-

“

-

1
1
-

“

-

-

2
2

2
2

_
-

-

2

1

*

*

-

-

-

u

5

5

1

250

MEN AND WOMEN c o m b i n e d
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANU FACTOR ING —
NCNFANUFACTUR ING

130
63
67

$
$
$
$
39.0 179.5C 174.00 161.50-197.00
39.5 180.50 180.00 161.00-202.50
38.5 178.5C 172.50 162.00-190.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ------fanufacturing —
NCNMANUFACTURING

154
81
73

39.0 162.50 157.00 144.50-177.00
39.5 172.00 170.00 151.00-189.50
39.0 152.00 149.50 140.00-163.00

_
-

-

-

14
7
1

14
3
11

84

39® 0 140.00 134.50 124.00-145.00

4

4

4

20

25

CCFPUTEP PRCGR AF ER S
BUSINESS, CLASS A

79

38.5 216.00 215.00 202.50-232.50

-

-

-

CCFPLTER PRCCRAFERS
BUSINESS, CLASS B

78

39.0 198.00 198.50 178.00-217.50

“

1

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

CLASS C --------

2

7

1

“

i
1

1

CCFPUTER SYSTEFS ANALYSTS,
JV. P 288.0C 290.50 274.50-307.00

123
84

40.0 244.50 240.00 224.50-265.00
239.50 235.00 222.50-252.00

-

CRAFTSFEN, CLASS A
FANUFACTURING —

187
178

40.0 221.00 225.50 207.50-240.50
40.0 220.50 224.50 205.00-241.00

-

“

_
-

-

CRAFTSFEN, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --

280
264

40.0 181.50 185.50 167.50-199.50
40.0 180.50 184.50 167,00-198.00

-

-

-

-

101
t
r*

/n n
o

102
86

39.5 177.00 175.00 160.50-190.50
40 o0 174.50 176.00 156.00-185.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL
MANUFACTURING —

*
**

REGISTERED) ---

Workers were distributed a s follow s:
Workers were distributed a s follows:

S e e footnot<

.t end of tables.




29

1

z>u

CCPPUTER SYSTEFS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B
NCNMANUFACTURING

-

-

2
-

1
1

3
3

16
16

9
9

16
16

i

1

4

2
2

14
14

7
7

44
44

36
33

1

■^U.U

-

15

11

e

5

5

17

30
22

33
33

0
8

4
4

3
3

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

2
2

3
2

4
i

-

_

_

-

-

4

10

12
11

27
24

5
4

16
16

25
25

36
36

50

41

49

39

43
40

24
17

6
6

2
i

1

i

1
1

c

l_

157.00 146.50-172.00
1JO.UU

1
-

1

_

_

ro
2
2

i
1

10
10

12
11

16
ii

20
16

16
16

12 at $290 to $300; 7 at $300 to $320; 7 at $320 to $340; 2 at $340 to $360; and 1 at $360 to $380.
7 at $290 to $300; 8 at $300 to $320; and 2 at $320 to $340.

8
7

14

T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e ra g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by sex

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C i n c i n n a t i , O h io — y .— n d . , F e b r u a r y 1973)
K
I
A v e rage

A v e rage

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

N um b er
of
w orkers

W eekly
(standard )

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard )

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - MEN

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

W eekly
earnings *
(standard )

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0

$
108.50
112.00
105.50
110.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------MANUFA CTU RIN G ----------------NC NMA NUF ACT URI NG -------------

407
238
169

$
39.0 120.50
39.0 121.00
39.5 120.00

38.0
38.0

92.50
91.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------MA NU FAC TUR ING ----------------NC NM AN UFA CTU RIN G ------------PUBLIC UTI LITIES ----------

,020
217
803
31

39.0 100.50
39.5 104.00
39.0
99.50
40.0 1C2.50

39.0
39.0
38.5
40.0

149.00
152.50
143.00
168.50

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS
MAN UFA CTU RIN G ---------NO NM AN UFA CTU RIN G ------

124
59
65

39.0 180.50
39.5 183.00
38.5 178.00

CO MPUTER OPERATORS,
MAN UFA CTU RIN G --NONM ANU FAC TUR ING

178
103
75

39.0 158.00
39.5 164.00
38.5 149.50

80

39.0 137.00

68
50

38.0 22 3. 5C
37.5 220.50

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B —

92

39.0 195.00

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------

57

39.5 289.50

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------MAN UFA CTU RIN G ---------NC NMA NUF ACT URI NG ------

124
52
72

AO .0 247.50
40.0 259.00
AO • 0 239.50

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANU FAC TUR ING —

369
360

AO. 0 213.50
40.0 213.00

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MANU FAC TUR ING —

A93
477

40.0 174.00
40.0 173.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANU FAC TUR ING —

202
192

40.0 150.50
40.0 149.00

53

39.0 141.50

116
99

39.5 174.50
40.0 172.00

OFFICE OCCUPATI ON S WO ME N— CONTINUEO

136
109

$
39.5 170.00
39.5 168.5C

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFAC TU RI NG ------------

87
67

39.0 135.50
39.0 139.00

CLERKS, CRCER -----MANUFA CT UR IN G —
NO NMA NUF AC TL RI NG

346
229
117

39.5 149.00
40.0 146.50
39.0 153.50

ME SSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) ---------NO NM AN UF AC TL RI NG -----------------

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BCYS)
MANUFAC TU RI NG -------NO NMA NUF AC TL RI NG ----

154
81
73

39.5 106.OC
40.0 107.50
38.5 104.00

SE CRETARIES --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------PUELIC UTILITIES ---------------

2,756
1,664
1,092
156

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

137
71

38.5 177.50
39.5 177.50
37.5 177.50

OFFICE OCCUPATI ON S - WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------NC NMA NUF AC TU RI NG ------

792
383

39.0 104.50
36.0 103.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TL RI NG -----------------

585
294
291

39.0 158.50
39.5 158.50
38.0 158.00

BC CKK EEP ING — MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------MANU FAC TU RI NG --------------NO NM AN UF AC TL RI NG -----------

142
69
73

39.0 112.00
39.0 120.00
39.0 104.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------------

893
513
380
72

39.5
39.5
39.0
AO • 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFAC TU RI NG -----------NO NM AN UF AC TL RI NG --------

416
214
202

39.0 141.50
40.0 149.50
38.5 132.50

COMP UTE R OPERATORS, CLASS C
152.CO
158.00
COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
145.00 1
BUSINESS, CLASS A 183.00
NC NMA NUF ACT LRI NG

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFAC TU RI NG -----------NO NMA NUF AC TL RI NG -------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ------

767
387
38C
48

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1,141
786
355
61

39.0
39.0
38.5
40.0

138.00
145.00
122.50
143.00

1,005
652
353
71

38.5
38.5
38.5
AO • 0

115.00
115.00
115.00
157.00

596
324
272

P U B L IC

114.00
120.00
108.00
123.50

U T IL IT IE S

92

39.5 110.00

ST E N O G R A P H E R S , GENERAL -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------ —
NO NM AN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS 8
MANUFACT URING ---NCNM ANU FA CT LR IN G —

392
67
325

39.0
94.00
39.5 100.OC
39.0
92.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TL RI NG -----------------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C
NC NMA NU FA CT LR IN G -

267
224

38.5
38.5

88.00
88.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

CLERKS, CRCER -----MANUFA CT UR IN G —
NONMA NUF AC TU RI NG

535
298
237

39.5 114.50
39.5 118.00
40.0 110.00

SWITCHBCARC OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NO NM AN UF AC TL RI NG -----------------

115
87

39.0 117.00
38.5 110.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL --MANUFA CT UR IN G —
NC NMA NU FA CT LR IN G

270
214
56

39.5 129.00
39.5 129.50
39.5 126.00

SW ITCHBCARC OP ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TL RI NG -----------------

410
199
211

39.0 108.00
39.5 1 1 1 . 0 0
39.0 105.00

KE YPUNCH OP ERATORS, CLASS A
MAN UFA CT UR IN G --------NC NM AN UF AC TL RI NG ------

292
131
161

39.0 119.00
40.0 123.50
38.5 115.50

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

175
80
95

38.5 110.50
39.5 113.50
38.0 107.50

CLERKS,

FILE, CLASS

S e e f o o t n o t e a t e n d of t a b l e s .




W eekly
h ou rs1
standard)

W eekly
e arn in gs1
(standard )

PRO FES SIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

77

120

of
3rkers

OFFICE OCC UPATIONS WOMEN — CONTINUED

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFAC TU RI NG ------------

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

A v rage

S e x , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

39.0 135.00
39.5 138.50
38.5 131.00
39.0 136.00
39.0 131.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
CC MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MA NU FAC TUR ING -----------------

15
T a b le A -3 a . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts :
A v e ra g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by sex
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,
C i n c i n n a t i , O h io — y I n d . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 3 )
K
A ve rage

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

N um ber
of

W eekly
(standard )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

W eekly
earnings *
( standard)

MEN

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

75
62

39.5
39.5

$
171.50
173.50

CLERKS, CRDER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

163
159

40.0
40.0

1 5 2 . CC
152.50

MESSENGERS (OFF ICE BCYS) ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------

134
75
59

39.5
40.0
38.5

105.50
108.00

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

A ve rage

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
(standard)

W eekly
earnings *
(standard )

MESSENGERS (OFF ICE G IR LS ) ------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

98

68

38.0
37.5

$
96.00
95.00

SECRETARIES -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 ,9 9 7
1,3 6 5
632

39.0
39.0
38.5

155.50
157.00
152.50

WOMEN

CLASS A -------------------------

91

38.5

191.00

383
185
198

38.5
39.5
38.0

168.00
173.00
163.50

SECRETARIES,

39.5
40.0
39.0

154.00
16C.CC
140.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

659
463
196

39.0
39.5
39.0

158.50
1 6 0 . CC
155.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------

439
263
176

38.5
38.5
38.5

118.50
123.00
112.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

864
671
193

39.0
39.0
38.5

144.50
148.50
129.50

CLERKS,

a c c o u n tin g ,

FILE ,

class

a

CLASS A -----------

70

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS E ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------

225
53
172

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ----------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------

113
89

*
o
o

MANUFACTURING ---------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------

169
117
52

clerks,

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

1 1 1 .0 0

95.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

756
578
178

38.5
38.0
38.5

117.00
116.00
120.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

405
248

136.50
141.50
128.00

1 0 1 .0 0

93.50
91.00
91.50

157

39.0
39.5
38.5

CLASS A --------

64

39.5

144
139

39.0
39.0

126.00
126.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

124
96

39.5
39.5

132.00
131.00

KEYPUNCH CPERATCRS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------

237
124
113

39.5
40.0
39.0

1 2 2 .0 0

KEYPUNCH CPERATCRS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTLRING ----------------

376
227
149

39.0
39.5
38.5

113.00
118.50
104.50

See fo o t n o t e at end o f t a b le s .




124.50
119.00

W eekly
hours *
standard)

W eekly
G am in es1
(stan dard )

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

83
55

39.5
39.0

127.00
122.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION 1STS-

53

39.5

119.50

445
159
286

38.5
39.5
38.0

$
9 8 . CO
105.00
94.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

116
59
57

39.0
39.5
38.5

180.00
1 8 3 . CC
176.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

132
71
61

39.0
39.5
39.0

164.00
1 7 4 . OC
152.00

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

CLASS C --------------

74

39.0

140.00

CCMPUTER PRCGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------------------------

59

38.5

219.00

CCMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------------------

62

39.0

197.00

CCMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----- *---------------------------

53

39.5

290.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTIIRING --------------------------------

105
68

40.0
40.0

2 4 6 . OC
241.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

186
177

40.0
40.0

2 2 1

CRAFTSMEN,

CLASS B ----------------------------------

269

40.0

1 8 2 . 5C

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

95
88

40.0
40.0

1 5 6 . 5C
1 5 4 . OC

102
86

39.5
40.0

177.00
174.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

144.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,
CLERKS, CRDER ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

N um ber
of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 0 2 .0 0

A ve rage

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------T Y P I S T S , CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

63

38.0

115.00

273

39.0
39.0
39.5

120.50
121.50
116.00

210

63

. CO
2 2 1 .CC

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

16

T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u rly e a rn in g s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C i n c i n n a t i , O h io — y ^ - I n d ., F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 3 )
K
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s of—
Under 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0
$
and
3 . 2 0 under

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

134
90

$
5.3 5
4.9 8

$
5 .2 3
5 .1 7

$
4 .6 6 4 .3 6 -

28

4 .9 7

4.8 5

4 .6 7 -

736
680
56
39

5 .1 5
5.1 6
5.0 9
5.2 0

5 .0 9
5.0 8
5 .2 3
5.2 6

4 .5 5 4 .5 5 4 .5 5 5 .2 1 -

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

372
323

5.3 8
5.4 8

5 .4 6
5.4 7

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BCILER ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

219
205

4 .5 9
4 .6 1

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

371
316

MACHINE-TCCL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

3 .5 0

*
*
$
$
*
$
3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

*
4 .8 0

5 .0 0

$
$
5 .2 0 5 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .80

6 .0 0

3
3

ii

“

7
7

30
18

5
4

15
15

6

-

-

3 .4 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

$
5 .7 2
5 .4 8

“

5 .7 9
5.8 2
5 .5 2
5.5 3

-

-

-

4 .9 4 5 .3 5 -

5 .9 1
5 ,9 4

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

4.3 7
4.3 7

4 .0 0 4 .0 1 -

5 .3 1
5 .3 4

-

-

-

“

-

4.1 5
4.2 5

4 .4 1
4.4 4

3 .5 8 3 .7 7 -

4.7 2
4 .7 3

4
4

_
-

31
26

639
639

5.1 4
5.1 4

5 .0 4
5 .0 4

4 .9 4 4 .9 4 -

5.1 0
5 .1 0

_

_

-

“

“

“

MAC HI NI S TS , MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

4 47
425

5.0 0
5.0 2

5 .0 7
5 .0 8

4 .4 2 4 .3 2 -

5 .5 6
5.5 7

-

-

-

“

*

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

820
349
471
4 02

5.1 7
4 .8 9
5.3 8
5.4 2

4.9 9
4.8 6
5 .4 9
5.6 4

4 .8 1 4 .8 0 4 .8 2 4 .5 8 -

5.9 1
4.9 7
6 .0 3
6.0 4

_

-

-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

791
76 9

4 .9 0
4 o 91

4.8 6
4.8 6

4 .3 6 4 .3 7 -

5 .3 2
5.3 3

-

-

-

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

349
349

5.3 9
5.3 9

5 .9 3
5.9 3

4 .4 9 4 .4 9 -

6.0 0
6 .0 0

_

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

224
137
87

4 .5 3
4.9 1
3.9 3

4.2 8
4 .8 7
3 .7 6

3 .7 5 4 .1 5 3 .7 1 -

5.0 7
5 .3 3
4.1 5

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

481
481

5.3 3
5.3 3

5 .5 2
5 .5 2

5 .0 3 5 .0 3 -

5 .7 8
5 .7 8

MAINTENANCE —

50

5.3 0

5 .0 9

4 .9 9 -

6.0 0

-

-

-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

4 84
484

5.3 9
5.3 9

5 .5 1
5.5 1

4 .8 1 4 .8 1 -

6 .2 2
6 .2 2

-

-

-




S ee fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le s .

t
5 .8 0

t
6 .00

$
6 .20

4 .2 0

3
3

2
2

8
8

9
9

2
2

19
5

-

2

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

22

50
50
-

58
55
3

108
107

42
42
“

137
137
-

-

-

42
29
13
13

40
40
-

1

67
62
5
5

27
25

12

62
62
-

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

16

2

2

2

18
16

31
31

19
19

4
A

12

-

-

_

-

1
1

23
23

30
27

9
9

4
3

131
131

31
12

44
44

3
*

3

34
33

12

31
31

-

_

12

27
27

37
37

22
20

11
11

56
18

31
31

5
5

40
40

3
-

80
80

_

-

10
10

24
24

33
33

49
49

68
68

297
297

_

_

“

12
12

-

8

68

32
26

16
16

86
86

20
20

88
88

78
78

_

68

33
33

18

8

74
14
60
60

62

60
26
34
34

66

_

2

_

-

“

-

-

-

over

14
-

-

110

11

24

1

73
56
17
17

2
1

6 .4 0

6

20

1

”

-

*

2
2

_

-

10

10

8

6 .2 0

$
6 .4 0

14

“

SHEET-METAL WORKERS,

*
5 .6 0

4 .0 0

5 .3 4

E L E CT R IC IA NS , MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

3 .4 0

3 .3 0

c u pa ti on , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

3
3

1
1

8
8

-

-

39
39
-

23
23

20
12

42
42

59
59

_

_

1

“

1

2

20

-

1

2

7
4
3

-

-

*

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

110

2

_

138
138

8
8

-

-

“

”

25
9
16
16

175
18
157
157

-

_

__

-

50
50

47
16
31
24

41

192
28
13

39
7

51
4
47
35

77
77

25
24

154
148

18
18

157
151

9
9

92
92

_

-

49
49

_

65

-

-

25
25

38
38

27
27

24
24

17
17

-

_

_

-

-

89
89

_

-

128
128

-

*

-

-

5
4

6

32
32
“

-

13

-

-

14
14
*

-

1

25
25
-

-

6

12
2
10

6

-

1

-

-

12
1

19
19

14
14

18
18

12
12

104
104

25
25

66

86

65
65

-

86

39
39

-

66

-

*

9
9
*

22

-

-

-

-

4
4

29
29

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

19
19

“

12

-

50
5
45

8

-

17
5

12

8
8

220

5

2

_

-

-

-

6
6
6

2

-

8

3

14

4

-

6

1

12

-

-

15
15

36
36

44
44

77
77

6

19
19

96
96

-

20
20

2
2

145
145

5
5

6

17
T a b le A -4 a .

M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts :

H o u rly e a rn in g s

(A v e ra g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s of w o r k e r s in se le c te d o c cu p a tio n s in e s ta b lish m e n ts em plo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e by in d u stry d iv isio n ,
C in cin n ati, Ohio— y .— d ., F e b r u a r y 1973)
K
In
N u m b e r of wc r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s Df---

H o ur l y e a r n i n g s 3

1

Number

Sex, o cc up at io n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
w or ke r s

M ean

^

M edian2

Middle range C

$
$
$
4 40 4 60 4 . 8 0

15
$
T
$
--------T ------3 o30 3® 40 3 o 50 3 o 60 3o 80 4 c

00

4

4c

20

4 40 4

Under
and
$
3 .3 0 under

4.

20

4 80 5 . 0 0

3.4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

-

-

-

3
3

2
2

8
8

9
9

2
2

-

5
5

7

-

-

6

43
43

36
36

55
50

-

1

-

-

5

1

_

_

6

“

-

5
4

17
17

8
8

3
~

3

uu

%
5 o00

o2 0

S
5.2

$
5 .4 0

4
5 o 60

$
5=80

$

$

$

0

6 .0 0

6 *2 0

6

5 .40

5.6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

ove r

5
4

15
15

6
6

-

-

-

40
40

137
137

-

-

40

33
JJ

00

60

5

MEN
$
5 .0 5
5 .0 2

$
5.1 6
5.1 8

$
4 .6 5 4 .3 9 -

$
5.4 0
5.6 0

-

4 .6 8 4 .6 6 -

5 ,8 5
5 .8 7

_
-

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

117
85

ELE CTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

640
595

5 .2 3
5 .2 2

5 .1 5
5.0 9

39

5 .2 0

5.2 6

5 .2 1 -

5 .5 3

-

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

155
145

5 .4 1
5 .4 6

5.4 5
5 ®49

4 .8 5 4 .8 6 -

6.0 8
6 .0 9

_

_

-

-

"

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BCILER ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

149
138

4 .7 3
4 .7 5

4 .7 3
4 .5 8

4 .0 5 4 .0 6 -

5 .4 3
5 .4 4

1

20

-

2
2

-

278
223

/

ni

A 1/

4.1 3

4 .4 0

3 .5 5 3 .6 7 -

4 .4 6
4 .4 7

ra

MACFINE-TOCL CPERATCRS, TCCLR00M —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

603
603

5 .1 9
5.1 9

5.05
5 .0 5

4 . 9 9 - 5 .1 0
4 o 99— 5o10

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

339
317

4.8 5
4.8 6

4 .9 8
5 .0 1

4 .2 3 4 .2 1 -

5.1 7
5 .2 8

351

5® 22
5.2 6
5.2 0
5.2 0

5

250
228

o2 8
5 .6 2
5 .2 6
5 .2 7

4 .5 1 4 .7 0 4 .5 1 4 o39—

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

532
524

5 .2 0
5.2 0

5 .2 4
5 .2 4

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------- --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

349
349

5® 39
5.3 9

PAINTERS* MAINTENANCE -------------------- *-----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

139
125

PIPE FI TT E RS , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

28

*

'

-r.

19
5

-

-

2

2
2

18

3
3

25
25

15
14

19

J

1u

11

18

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

24
24

21
21

37
37

-

_

_

_

8

68

33

32

18

-

-

-

-

-

8

68

33

26

2

6 .0 2
5 .9 3
6 .0 3
6 o04

-

-

-

-

8

66

52

-

-

-

-

-

4 .8 4 4 .8 4 -

5 .6 4
5.6 5

-

_

_

-

-

2
2

5 .9 3
5 .9 3

4 .4 9 4 .4 9 -

6 .0 0
6.0 0

_

4.9 8
5® 03

4 .8 7
4.8 9

4 .1 8 4 .1 9 -

5 .3 4
5.3 6

397
397

5.3 4
5.3 4

5.31
5.31

5 .0 2 5 .0 2 -

MAINTENANCE —

50

5 .3 0

5.0 9

4 .9 9 -

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

405
405

5.5 1
5.5 1

5.5 4
5.5 4

SHEET-METAL HCRKERS,

S ee fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b le s .




101

7
7

28
16

56
53

108
107

68

20

51

7

42
42

1

1

17

13

-

-

-

-

-

30
27

9
9

4
3

23
23

5
4

-

31
31

19
19

4
4

14

31
31

_

-

_

-

-

12
12

_

13

12
12

-

68

29 7

_

_

_

_

68

29 7

-

-

-

-

138
138

5
5

_

_

_

-

75
75

"

23
4
19
19

26
26
-

-

I t
20

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE f t -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------n c n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

11
8

-

1

8

12

86

2

17

i
i

16

2

1

1

"

26
5
153
147

86

1

8

8

6

2

-

-

60
60

50
50

_

12
12

19
19

37
36

“

25
24

116
116

18
18

38
38

27
27

24
24

17
17

6
2

32
32

6

-

12
12

104

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

25
25

1
-

_

-

6
5

22

3

-

2
2

9

-

9

17

2

5.8 3
5 .8 3

-

-

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

4
4

29
29

10
10

6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

8

3

4 . 8 6 - 6 .2 3
4o86— 6 .2 3

_

-

_

_

_

_

6
6

6

44
44

77
77

!

|

28

-

_

5
5

6

18
18

_

5

-

25
25

-

-

-

-

9
9
-

I ll
18

-

-

93

-

-

93

-

-

49
49

9

92

-

-

9

92

_

_
-

128
128

89
89

14
14

_

86

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

39
39

65
65

-

6

1

12

_

5
5

2
2

_

“
-

14

4

-

6

13
13

96
96

6

8
8

25
25

104

“

3

-

14
14

“

-

2

36

13

*
145
14 5

5

5

18

i a b le A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C i n c i n n a t i , O h io — y .— n d . , F e b r u a r y 1973)
K
I

N um ber of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—
S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Num ber
of
workers

s
M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

t

$

S

$

S

$

3 .0 0

3.4 0

3 .8 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

*

2.8 0

$
4.0 0

$

2.6 0

S
3 .6 0

»

2 .2 0

$
3 .2 0

$

2 .0 0

$
2 .4 0

S

1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$

1.6 0

4.8 0

5.0 C

5 .2 C

5.4 0

.60

5 .8 0

1.8 0

2 .0 0

2 .2 0

2.4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3.0 0

3 .2 0

3.4 0

3.6 0

3 .8 0

4.0 0

4.2 0

4 .4 0

4.6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5.6 0

.80

o v er

13

45

22

39

*7

82
71

51

86

29
29

83
83

17

62
30
32

3

10

9

15

20

347
340

154
125
29

-

-

-

*25

i

S

$

and
u nder
1.7 0

and

MEN
$
ANU

$

$

$

2.5 6

2 .0 2

1 .8 4 -

3.31

85

282

524

191

no

66

40

3241

2.

4

1.93

1 .7 9 -

2.0 8

0-5

22
8

518

1

7?

2
100

36

33

378

u U AH u j

4.2 1

4 .2 9

4 .0 2 -

4.7 4

3

2

6

1 ,8 2 0

n A ! LI 1“ L m

1.

11
2

1

11

1

GUAR CS
11

11

144
80
64
13

189

220

48
25

29

158
128
30

80
78

102

3

71

51

69

18

17

11

131
127

159

196
109

389
378

-

83

WATCHMEN
118

3 .2 2

3.0 8

2 .4 5 -

3.7 9

3 ,8 2 4
1 ,8 7 1
1 ,9 5 3

2 .8 7

2.8 5
1.79
3 .3 8

1 .7 8 3 .2 7 1 .6 8 -

3 .6 7
4 .2 9
2 .3 5

3 76

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----

^ *CQ7
792
252

3 .8 3
3 .7 6
5 .1 0

1,4 4 5

3 .9 3

979

3 .9 5

*"90
445
145

RECEIVING CL l Kn S
345
149

97

62

TIlliriy
r,n

221

153

235

379

169

194

137

161

3 .7 4 3 .6 4 3 .9 2 -

3 .3 1 2 .8 9 -

3.5 6
3 .9 3

3 *_;°
T O'*
3*

3 0*"
3.8 3
4.1 6

3 57

21

15

117

12

12

3 99

*^

3* 29
3*2
*

3 .2 0 3 .2 2 3.0 4

T T9
3 .3

1 096
2,195
1 ,5 6 5

1

7

'

' 5

19

10

22

427
134
293

113

162
162

335

285
51
234

cn

3.6 8

4.1 9
3 .6 9

3 .6 5 3 .3 4 -

6 .0 5
3 .9 6

4.5 5
4.3 7

4.1 6
4.1 7

3 .8 4 3 .6 7 -

5.3 2
5.2 5

6*02

22

2

20

10
7

19
19
14
14

7 7/

58
20

73
43
30

8

327

on
19
39

39

183
179

-

25
25

H I

141
141

18
r

201

60
*141
141

8

11
12

14

.

9

12

23

11

12

28

14

1

12

74

49
38

21

3

2

21

11
10

43
43

31
31

92
92

ii

8
9

9

20

17

2
2

257
2

90
90

17
1

*

135
114

1

i

24
24

■W

18Z

144
90
54

12
12

34
27
36

12
12

5
2

43
43

^

2
6

1
7

105
10

8

44

59
13

-

Z9

9

H

1
1
1

2

44

14
5

1

123
74
49

?

6 .0 5

512
285

11

119
25

1
1

14

28

78

_

34

_

a

1

18

11

5.3 7
6.0 6
6.0 7

141

LIGHT

1

7

1 0 2 .8 5
3 473
472
102
1

53

11

33

3 .6 6 5 .1 8 6 .0 2 -

5 .5 3
5.9 4

11

14
32

1
1

2

2

10

6

111

3.8 1
3.7 6
3.0 0

3 97

3*Jr

3

414
312

32
32

3.8 9
4.3 0
?

12

5

* ii

3 .6 4 3 .1 0

12

80
56
24

1

4 .2 2
4 .5 4
4 .2 0

*3

24
74
40
34

5

4 .1 9
5 .9 6

3 90
3 .7 f
4.0 0

36
34

4 .3 4

3 .7 7 4 .0 5 -

3 .4 4

K

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

199
66

15
15

133

120

23
97
80

8

330
136
194

8

8

103
95

tl5 5 7
129
1428
1428

(UNDER

MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2

22

41
41

1

2

162

TO

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

115

* A ll w o rk e rs w e re a t $5.80 to $6.
t W o rk e rs w ere d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s:
S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of t a b le s .




169

a nn

137

TRUCKDRIVERS,

3 .2 6 -

/
3 .3 4

r- . , . nrt * t

TRUCKCRIVER5,

12

391

1

3* B7
5.91

3 3

24

6
626

^ ” Jn
5« 6 8

6 .0 4

6 .0 1 -

-

-

6.0 7

150 a t $5.80 to $6; and 1 ,4 0 7 at $6 to $ 6 .20.

-

-

-

-

-

29
29

13
4
9

15
15

23
20

3

11
11

5
84

96
76

20

-

4

27
14

3

-

95
95

-

-

103
9
94

19
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ; H o u r l y ea.ro.ings.->—C o n t i n u e d
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C i n c i n n a t i , O h io — y .— n d . , F e b r u a r y 1973)
K
I

N um ber of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g st r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s, of

Hourly earn in gs3
$

S

S

%

2.0 0

2 .2 0

-r
*
S
$ ,
2 .4 0 2 .6 0 ,2 .8 0 3 .0 0

S

1.8 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3.6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4.2 0

$
4 .4 0

$
4.6 0

$
4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

5.2 0

$
5 .4 0

$
5 .6 0

S
5.8 0

2.0 0

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

$

Num ber
of

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2.8 0

3.0 0

3.2 0

3.4 0

3 .6 0

3.8 0

4.0 0

4 .2 0

4.4 0

4 .6 0

4.8 0

5 .0 0

5.2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5.8 0

o v er

-

-

-

-

-

' ■-

38
38
-

24
24

70

-

14
14
-

70

-

-

-

12 2
2
120

-

47
10
37
20

8
8
8

330
1 36
1 94
8

_
“

924
924

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

136

_
“

_
“

3
3
“

30
30
”

76
31
45

-

_
_

_ '

_

$-

$

%

and
u n der

MEN -

TRUCKDRIVERS -

CONTINUED

CONTINUED
$
5 .63
4 .8 0
5 .82
6.0 1

$
6.01
4.78
6 .03
6 .05

$

$

1 ,577
294
1,283
960

4 .2 9 5 .5 8 6 .0 2 -

5.45
6 .07
6.08

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 T0NS»
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) --------------

425

4 .8 0

4 .7 6

3 .9 6 -

5 .83

TRUCKERS, POWER (FO RK LIF T) ---------------MANUFACTURING------------------ ---------- -------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 ,7 9 9
1,654
145

4 .1 4
4 .16
3 .9 2

3.89
3.87
3 .95

3 .4 9 3 .4 9 2 .9 8 -

4 .82
4 .82
4.14

TRUCKCRIVERSe HEAVY (CVER 4 TONS ,
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------- -------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------*
-----PUELIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FO RKLIFT) --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

120
50

4 .33
3 .8 9

4 .62
3 .72

3 .7 7 3 .6 3 -

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING---------- :------- ---------- -------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

1,128
109
1,019
71

2 .0 7
2 .64
2.0 1
2 .74

1 .90
2.64
1 .81
2 .96

1 .7 1 - 2 .28
1 .9 8 -3 .3 4
1 .7 1 - 2 .26
2 .3 3 - 3.23

PACKERS, S H I P P I N G ---------------- ---------- -------MANUFACTURING ------- :-----------------------------

448
331

3 .11
3 .23

2.89
3 .40

2 .8 2 2 .8 3 -

4.66
4.18

-

■ , -■
-

-

-

- .

~ '

„ -

3

1 71

6

-

12

36

1

6C

-

47
47
“

460
460
“

1 64
1 61
3

180
126
54

51
32
19

70
70
*

137
135
2

59
58
1

357
3 57
-

_
-

_
-

_

_ .

f - .
17
17
”

_

8
8

25
25

.

7
7

_

10
10

-

_

924

70

_

_

272
272
10

1 12
18
94

257
257
4

40
6
34
1

31
15
16
2

16
8

38

51
21

8

30
24

12
12
-

6

5

36
14
22
2

-

7
7

i
-

16
15

19
4

39
39

168
69

1

30
30

64
64

66
66

...

- •
'

-

-

14 8
12 7
* 21

_

_

_

WOMEN

* A ll w o r k e r s w e re a t $5.80 to $6.
S ee fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le s .




3 .58
3.63

246
12
234
1
1

56

5

1

8

6

5

6

1
1

-

_
.. -

-

36
36

_

_

20
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s :

H o u rly e a rn in g s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o - K y I n d . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 3 )

N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s of

Hourly earn in gs3

$
2 .60

f
2 .80

$
3.00

5
3 .2 0

$

$

$

3 .4 0

3 .60

3 .80

4 .00

S
4 .20

4 .40

$
4 .6 0

$
4 .8 0

I
5.00

5 .20

$
5.40

$
5.60

$
5.80

2 .20

2 .40

2.60

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3.20

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .80

A . 00

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .00

5.2 0

5 .40

5 .60

5 .80

ove r

117
3

30

4
”

7
4

12
11

34
29

17
15

36

3
3

76
71

51
51

43
42

29
29

83
83

-

22

36
30

-

2

”

*

“

“

3

2

-

3

11

11

9

15

20

3

71

51

25

18

83

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35

52
9

32
14

3

9

$
1 .80

f
2 .00

1 .70

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n
M ean2

M edian^

M iddle range

^

$

2.20

$
2.40

$
1 .70

1 .80

2.00

133

303

$
1.6 0

t

$

and
u n d er

P EN

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

$
2 .7 4
4 .1 4

$
2.0 4
4 .22

$
1 .8 4 3 .6 7 -

$
4 .0 2
4 .72

85

395

325

4 .2 0

A.2 A

4 .0 1 -

4 .81

-

1,101

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

-

70

3.83

3 .73

3 .1 7 -

4 .5 7

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S ------------ -------------

1,976
1 ,226

3 .2 4
3 .8 6

3 .42
3 .90

2 .0 6 3 .4 1 -

4 .2 8
4 .51

332

“

-

121

3 .8 5

3 .43

3 .0 6 -

4 .4 8

-

-

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

1 ,8 1 4
1 ,6 1 6
198

4 .0 6
3 .9 4
5 .0 4

4 .3 1
4 .3 0
5 .91

3 .4 3 3 .3 8 3 .8 9 -

4.62
4.39
5.95

_
*

-

-

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

432
359

3.95
3 o 8A

3 .80
3 .77

3 .6 8 3 .5 9 -

4.63
4 .6 0

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

227
226

3.40
3 .4 0

3 .40
3 .40

3 .3 2 3 .3 2 -

3 .56
3 .56

-

-

-

“

-

TRUCKDRIVERS
------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

622
291

5 .20
4 .4 5

5 .28
A© 19

4 .1 9 4 .1 1 -

6 .05
5 .19

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

220
178

A* 78
A .A 9

4 .9 8
4 .1 8

4 .1 3 4 .1 1 -

-

112

35

2

12

18

6

7

10

-

-

-

17

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

214
208

44
17

11 9
1 15

56
55

194
187

359
348

1

-

_

_

_

25

79

156
127

_

22

121

-

-

-

1

11

25

11

3

20

9

-

1

-

-

-

-

*2 5

77
74
3

54
52

72
72
-

258
257

58
A9
9

45

16 3
161

-

-

-

-

167
60
* 10 7

33
32

-

“

5
5

9
9

3
3

A
A

-

2
2

7
7

1
1

i
I

2
2

-

_

-

1

”

“

”

i
i

A
4

_

_

“

“

*

5 .29
5 .24

8
8

-

2

2

_

19
17

_

_

_
*

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------------

13 9

5 .58

6 .03

5 .1 6 -

1,244
1,240

4 .3 8
4 .3 8

4 .43
4 .43

3 .7 2 3 .7 2 -

4 .8 5
4 .8 5

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

299
62
237

2 .4 4
3 .1 4
2 .2 6

2.48
3 .16
2.16

1 .7 2 2 .6 7 1 .6 8 -

2 .99
3 .5 3
2 .94

71

22

9

-

-

71

22

9

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

230
226

3 .5 0
3 .5 2

3.57
3 .5 7

3 .3 7 3 .3 9 -

3 .67
3 .67

-

-

2

i
i

-

A
4

8
8

1

6

31
14

103
103

91
91

18
17

-

A

14

19
16

26
2A

2

2
2

12
6
6

-

3
3

18
18

16
16

12
12

25
25

20

25

16

20
15
5

29
5
24

12
12

25

47
5
42

16

20

1
1

29
29

30
30

6A

_

37

124
124

11
11
1

-

2

31
31

6 .09

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

142
14 2

142
14 2

8

5
5

-

10
8
2
53
43

*
**

A ll w o rk e rs at $ 5 .8 0 to $ 6 .
A ll w o rk e rs w e re a t $ 6 to $ 6 .2 0 .

S ee fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le s .




-

1

-

1

6
10
1

8
8
1

“

64

6
5

1

66
66

1
5 10
510
“
3

1

100
99

73
73

25
14

_

15

-

-

126
126

33
32

70
70

6
6
_

11

34

2

14 1
141

1
1

14 4
90

-

6
6

A
4

15
15

"

_

_

-

-

-

*

-

-

A
A

-> * 29 2

2
2

W
OMEN

-

i

52
33

1
37

193
19 0
3

~

1

36
36

A
A

2
137
135

2
2
2
36
35

3
3

40
23

_

67
67

~
_ ** 42

67
67

~

-

27

-

A

-

**88

357
357

_

-

-

_

1 27
127

21

Footnotes1

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
The m ed ian
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l in g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ,
The m id d le
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f of th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th a n the r a t e sh o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s th a n the r a t e sh o w n ,
r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f t h e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n t h e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e t h a n th e h i g h e r r a t e .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te sh if ts .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t an d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h i s e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; an d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — C o n tin u e d

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b il l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e ( c o m b in a t io n ty p in g
a n d a d d in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r ­
n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a ll y i n v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e ­
d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r
m a y no t b e c o m p u te d o n th e b il lin g m a c h in e , a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d
b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g
p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e o n a fa n f o ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith o u t
a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a ­
t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e
m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u te s
a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s a n d c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d
o f b u s in e ss tr a n s a c tio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , an d o t h e r r e c o r d s
by h and.
C la ss B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u i r i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l t a s k s su c h a s p o s t in g to r e g i s t e r s a n d l e d g e r s ;
r e c o n c il in g b an k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y in g th e in t e r n a l c o n s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , a n d m a t h e m a t ic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
a n d v e r i f y in g f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a t i o n s , p o s t in g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p le o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M a y w o rk
in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .
T h e w o rk r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s a n d o f f ic e p r a c t i c e s a n d p r o c e d u r e s
w h ich r e l a t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g a n d r e c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s a n d a c c o u n t in g in f o r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t in g t e r m s
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , b u t i s n o t r e q u ir e d to h a v e a k n o w le d g e o f th e f o r m a l
p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g an d a c c o u n t in g .




NOTE:

P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s i s o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in i t io n s .
C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s w h ich
r e q u i r e th e a p p lic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m ­
p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n t in g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f
p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s a n d c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th r o u g h p r e v io u s
a c c o u n t in g a c t io n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay b e a s s i s t e d by one o r m o r e
c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , su c h a s p o s tin g to
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t i f ic a t i o n o f i t e m s a n d lo c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e
c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y a n d c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d a n d r e p e t it i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; a n d c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , a n d r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in a n e s t a b l i s h e d f il in g s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m
c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in f i l e s . P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e
b a s i s o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in i t io n s .
C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h ­
n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c ., in a n e s t a b l i s h e d f ifin g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je c t
m a t t e r f i l e s . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y l e a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , an d f il e s
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y
c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e a id s ; A s re q u e ste d ,
w a rd s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m r e la te d

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f ifin g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s an d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C L E R K , O RDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il, ph on e, o r p e r so n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t f i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
C LER K , PAYRO LL
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s an d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .

T h e B u r e a u h a s d is c o n t in u e d c o ll e c t in g d a t a f o r c o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s .

22

u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t i f ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r ­
c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

23
KEYPUNCH O PERATOR

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

O p e ra te s a keypunch
t a b u la t in g c a r d s o r on t a p e .
P o sitio n s a r e

m a c h in e

to r e c o r d

o r v e rify

a lp h a b e t ic

a n d / o r n u m e r ic

d a ta on

c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s i s o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in i t io n s .

C l a s s A . W ork r e q u i r e s th e a p p lic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s to be fo llo w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t in g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s to be
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e
keypu nch w o rk .
M a y t r a i n i n e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s .

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id e n tif y su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e no t c o n s i d e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A
a ll,

C l a s s B . W o rk i s r o u tin e a n d r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d fo llo w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e
li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a ta to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g fr o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b ut fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r *
1

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b ut fe w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ,
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

M E S S E N G E R (O ffic e B o y o r G ir l)

C la ss

o f a m a jo r

B

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u tie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m i n o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
E x c lu d e p o s it i o n s th a t r e q u i r e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le a s a s i g n i f ic a n t d u ty .

a ll,

SECRETA RY

3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a ­
t i o n s , e t c .) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; or

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to o n e in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l
d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ;

a.
R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g
i n q u i r e s , a n d r o u t e s te c h n ic a l i n q u i r i e s to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
m a in ta in s ,

m a il,

a n sw e rs

b.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fro m

4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e an d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d re d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

M a in t a in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ;

d.

r o u tin e

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a i l , o v e r 100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;
C la ss C
s u p e r v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

P e rfo rm s

by

o t h e r s f o r th e

1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s not e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t io n a l
u n it n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a ­
t io n a l s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o f te n , in tu r n , fu r t h e r su b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is le v e l
in c lu d e s a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o; _or
2 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

M ay a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a t u r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o rk t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu s i o n s
N ot a i l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
o f p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s :

E x a m p le s

C la ss D
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th an
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ;
2 . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E : M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l^rvel o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G RA PH ER

a.

P o sitio n s

w h ich

do

no t m e e t

th e

"p e r s o n a l"

se c re ta ry

b.

con cept

d e sc rib e d

above;

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u lly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l ty p e d u t ie s ;

c.
S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l, o r
m a n a g e r ia l p e r so n s;
d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e r o u t in e o r
s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin itio n ;

P r i m a r y du ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , a n d to t r a n s c r i b e th e d ic t a t io n . M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e
f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d i n g s ( if p r i m a r y d u ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l) .
N O T E : T h is jo b i s d is t i n g u is h e d f r o m th a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in th a t a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l ly
w o r k s in a c o n f id e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly o n e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t i v e a n d p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e a n d d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s a s d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .
S te n o g ra p h e r, G en eral

e.
A s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h ­
n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e no t t y p ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .




D ic ta tio n in v o l v e s a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

24
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r ) — C o n tin u e d

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u e d

P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s i s o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in i t io n s .

S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s , a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s
o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o s e t up a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u i r e s a h ig h
d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d an d a c c u r a c y ; a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s
a n d o f f ic e p r o c e d u r e ; an d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f i l e s , w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s an d
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s su c h a s m a in t a in i n g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and
ro u tin g in c o m in g m a i l ; a n d a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
fu n c tio n s th a t a r e not r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e foi* c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w hen
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)
T h e s e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s d o not in c lu d e s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s in te le p h o n e c o m p a n ie s who
a s s i s t c u s t o m e r s in p l a c in g c a l l s .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s.
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y t a k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t i m e w h ile a t
sw itc h b o a rd .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s su c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , e t c . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is d e f in itio n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d i g it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t .

C la ss A.
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g an d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s in c lu d in g d e v i s .n s
d if f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir i n g
s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a tu r e a n d s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , a n d th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h in e s .
I s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s o r t r a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d in th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h ich w ir in g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s li m it e d to
s e l e c t i o n an d in s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .
C la ss B.
P e r f o r m s w o rk a c c o r d in g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s an d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in ­
s t r u c t i o n s . A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e c o m p le t e b ut r o u t in e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f l a r g e r an d m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s
u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s . M a y t r a i n
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s .
C la ss C.
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g
m a c h in e s su c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c . A s s ig n m e n t s
t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o rk u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t i o n s . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p le w ir in g fr o m d i a g r a m s , an d do so m e filin g w o rk .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r i m a r y du ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y fro m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y a n d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r who t a k e s d ic t a t io n
in sh o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e by a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s ,

a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e o u t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
w o rk in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su e ::
o r s o r t in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a i l .

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l fo r m w hen
it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n ifo r m ity
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c in g . M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g fr o m ro u g h o r c l e a r
d r a f t s ; o r r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; o r s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d
t a b u l a t io n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

CO M PUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n tr o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s d a t a a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l ly p r e p a r e d by a p r o g r a m e r . W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
S t u d ie s in s t r u c t i o n s to d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t io n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
to s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rog ram .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :

C la ss A.
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d
a n d in tr o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m i n im iz e d o w n tim e ;
th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n so th a t id e n t i f ic a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u i r e s a
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e . M a y
g iv e d ir e c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c tio n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n on a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s li t t l e o r no t e s t in g




o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a ­
t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n . T h is u s u a l ly in v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s l y
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u te r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r by in d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t t a s k s fo llo w in g
d e t a ile d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w ith fr e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o rk s o n r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
I s e x p e c t e d to d e v e lo p
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u te r e q u ip m e n t u s e d an d a b i li t y to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in
ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s . U s u a ll y h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
COM PUTER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t i o n s w h ich a r e r e q u i r e d to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . W o rk in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in ­
s t r u c t i o n s w h ich , w h en e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u la tio n

25
COM PUTER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

o f d a t a to a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : A p p li e s k n o w le d g e o f
c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u t e r s , a n d p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e
Di p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r it e s d e t a ile d flo w c h a r t s to sh o w o r d e r in w h ich d a t a w ill b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d in s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c tio n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , an d a l t e r s
o r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c ie n c y o r a d a p t to n ew r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
o r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t an d r e v i s i o n s . ( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s an d p r o ­
g r a m i n g sh o u ld be c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s not in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o th e r e l e c t r o n ic d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if i c
i n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g ra m e rs a re c la s sifie d

a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ich
r e q u i r e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o rk in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ich id e n tify th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to be
a c c o m p l is h e d , an d th e r e la t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v in g ro u t in e ;
p la n s th e fu ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d to e f f i c ie n t l y u t il iz e th e c o m p u te r s y s t e m
in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .
A t t h is le v e l , p r o g r a m in g i s d if f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fro m n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n ts.
A w id e v a r ie t y a n d e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
su c h a c t io n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ich c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b li s h m e n t of
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s to d a ta w h en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , an d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la tio n a n d r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a t a e l e m e n t s
to fo r m a h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t i o n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .
C l a s s B .- W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on r e l a t i v e l y s i m p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l ly
p r o c e s s in f o r m a t io n to p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
an d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d by r e f in i n g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d it io n s to o r
d e le t io n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h ich a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c t io n s so th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c in g
o f d a t a c a n b e t e s t e d by u s in g a few r o u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a ll y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
f o r m in g l e s s d if f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , an d p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d if f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e
di r e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la ss C.
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a l ly
le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in th e
a p p lic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to r o u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o rk i s r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S
A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v in g th e m by u s e o f e l e c t r o n ic
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W ork in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
A n a l y z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u t o m a t e d a n d i d e n t i f ie s c o n d itio n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r a n d t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a n d d o c u m e n t s to
b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t io n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l an d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic i e n t d e t a il fo r
p r e s e n t a t io n to m a n a g e m e n t an d f o r p r o g r a m in g ( t y p ic a ll y t h is in v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o rk an d
d a t a flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n ew an d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m in g sh o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s not in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n
o f o th e r e l e c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t if i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e c l a s s i f ie d

a s f o llo w s :

C la s s A.
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o n c o m p le x p r o b l e m s in ­
v o lv in g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f
in p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s a n i n t e g r a t e d
p r o d u c tio n sc h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , an d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h ich




e v e r y ite m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t ic a ll y p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h the fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it ia t e d b y th e c o m p u te r .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to
d e t e r m in e th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s an d a d v i s e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a ­
t i o n s o f n ew o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , if
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s an d fo r o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v id e f u n c tio n a l
a ss is t.

d ir e c t i o n

to lo w e r

le v e l

s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s who a r e a s s i g n e d to

C l a s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , an d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f lim it e d
c o m p le x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a ta a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e o u tp u t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b an k ,
m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b li s h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a le e s t a b li s h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e
th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p l i c a t i o n s o f th e
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d fo r
c l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s an d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n an d g u id a n c e
on c o m p le x a s s i g n m e n t s . W ork i s r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d to i n s u r e p r o p e r a lin e m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o rk s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o ut a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s i n g l e a c t iv i t y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p an d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in th e a p p lic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u ir e d fo r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o rk . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t by p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d
by p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d by th e h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t .
D RA FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , an d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o rk is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n by lo w e r le v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e an d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y i n ­
v o lv e su c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip l e f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a t io n s , w all
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s an d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc .
R e c e i v e s in it i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , an d a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f
c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a i l s fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W ork m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d by o t h e r s by p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s an d a l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

W ork i s c l o s e l y

su p e r v is e d

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N IC IA N
W o rk s on v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s by p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r m o r e
o f th e fo llo w in g o p e r a t i o n s : M o d ify in g , i n s t a l l i n g , r e p a i r i n g , an d o v e r h a u lin g . T h e s e o p e r a t i o n s
r e q u i r e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a ll o f th e fo llo w in g t a s k s :
A s s e m b l i n g , t e s t i n g , a d ju s t i n g ,
c a l i b r a t i n g , tu n in g , a n d a lin in g .
W o rk i s n o n r e p e t it iv e a n d r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f th e t h e o r y an d p r a c t i c e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p e r t a in in g to th e u s e o f g e n e r a l an d s p e c i a l i z e d e l e c t r o n i c t e s t e q u ip m e n t; t r o u b le a n a l y s i s ; a n d
th e o p e r a t io n , r e l a t i o n s h i p , an d a lin e m e n t o f e l e c t r o n ic s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , a n d c i r c u i t s h a v in g
a v a r ie ty of com p on en t p a r t s .

26
E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L ( R e g ist e r e d )

E l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d on t y p i c a l l y in c lu d e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
G ro u n d , v e h i c le , o r a i r b o r n e r a d io c o m m u n i c a t io n s s y s t e m s , r e l a y s y s t e m s , n a v ig a t io n a i d s ;
a i r b o r n e o r g r o u n d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n t r a n s m i t t i n g o r r e c o r d in g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n ic c o m p u t e r s ; m i s s i l e a n d s p a c e c r a f t g u id a n c e a n d c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; i n d u s t r i a l a n d m e d i c a l
m e a s u r i n g , in d ic a t in g a n d c o n t r o l li n g d e v i c e s ; e t c .

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d ir e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l . N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s
o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n o n e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

( E x c lu d e p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s a n d t e s t e r s , c r a f t s m e n , d r a f t s m e n , d e s i g n e r s , e n g i n e e r s ,
a n d r e p a i r m e n o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s o f f ic e m a c h in e s , r a d io an d t e le v is i o n
r e c e iv i n g s e t s . )

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild ­
in g w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s ,
s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o rk f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k ­
in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r itte n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c ­
t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b l u e ­
p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l
s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w ir i n g o r
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls an d m e a s u r i n g a n d t e s t in g
in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g an d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E N G I N E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s :
O p e r a tin g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N , ST A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; a n d
c h e c k s w a te r an d sa fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; an d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o rk th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n fin e d
to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s an d t o o l s , a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in o t h e r s
h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e a l s o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O LR O O M
S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g
a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a tio n
to a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d
d r e s s i n g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s .
For
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n c e )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , an d t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l lin g th e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls , a d ju s t in g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n o t in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o ­
m o b il e r e p a i r s h o p s .
M E C H A N IC , M A I N T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e t t in g u p o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, an d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f th e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g th o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , an d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l l i n g a n d ^m ain tain in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s
a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s
th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s an d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r by p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il

27
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

S H E E T -M E T A L

h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite
le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e
m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g
up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls
in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l lin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
a s r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p ip e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W ork in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : L a y in g o u t o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r i n g to lo c a t e
p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to
c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h i n e s ; th r e a d i n g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s an d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s an d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , an d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r f in ­
is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a t i o n
o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L

W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
(s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l
r o o fin g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W ork in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t a ll

W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o rk .
W ork i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t o f w o rk f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s an d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o rk , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l

a n d d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GU A R D A N D W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l ic e d u t ie s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g o r d e r ,
u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a t e a n d c h e c k
on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s an d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p in g w o rk i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , an d r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f th e g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t an d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d k e e p in g
a f il e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r sh ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk i n v o l v e s : V e r if y in g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n t s
a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t i n g d a m ­
a g e d g o o d s ; ro u t in g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; an d m a in t a in in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s an d f i l e s .

C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo ll o w i n g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o l is h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h i n g m e t a l f i x ­
t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s a n d m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s ,
s h o w e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w o rk e rs a re c la s sifie d

a s fo ll o w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o ll o w i n g ; L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER

F IL L E R

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
to f i l l i n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
f o ll o w s :

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t , a s
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (I V 2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

P A C K E R , SH IP P IN G
T R U C K E R , PO W ER
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u po n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r
o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W ork r e q u i r e s
th e p l a c in g o f i t e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o ll o w i n g :
K n o w le d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e
a n d s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g
id e n tify in g d a ta on c o n t a i n e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a l s o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O p e r a t e s a m a n u a l ly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l in e - o r e l e c t r ic - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t
g o o d s a n d m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w o rk ers a re

T r u c k e r , p o w e r ( f o r k l if t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )

c la s sifie d

by ty p e o f t r u c k ,

a s fo llo w s :

A v a ila b le O n

R e q u e s t ------

T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t of 1965.
w ill b e a v a i l a b l e a t no c o s t w h ile s u p p l i e s l a s t f r o m an y of th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f fic e s sh o w n on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A la m o g o rd o — as C r u c e s , N. M ex.
L
A laska
A lb a n y , Ga.
A m a rillo , T ex.
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u g u s ta , G a .— .C .
S
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif.
B a to n R o u g e , L a.
B ilo x i, G u lfp o rt, and P a s c a g o u la , M iss.
B rid g e p o rt, N o rw alk , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iowa
C h a m p a i g n —U r b a n a , 111.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n ., an d H o p k in s v ille , Ky.
C o lo r a d o S p r i n g s , C olo.
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o l u m b u s , G a —A l a .
C orpus C h risti, T ex.
C r a n e , Ind.
D o th an , A la.
D u l u t h — u p e r i o r , M i n n —W i s .
S
E l P aso, Tex.
E ugene— p rin g field , O reg.
S
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N . D a k —M i n n .
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N. C.
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d . - P a —W . V a .
H
F r e s n o , C a lif.
G ra n d F o r k s , N. Dak.
G rand Island— astin g s , N eb r.
H
G r e e n b o r o —W i n s t o n S a l e m — i g h P o i n t , N . C .
H
H arrisb u rg , Pa.
K n o x v ille, T enn.
R e p o rts

fo r the fo llo w in g

surveys

c o n d u c t e d in t h e p r i o r

* E x p a n d e d to an a r e a w ag e

s u r v e y in f i s c a l y e a r

1973.

re le a se s

are

or

L ared o , Tex.
L as V eg as, Nev.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d —V a .
M a c o n , Ga.
M arq u ette, E scan ab a, S a u ltS te .
M a rie , M ich.
M e l b o u r n e —T i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F l a .
( B r e v a r d C o .)
M e rid ian , M iss.
M id d lesex , M onm outh, O cean , and S o m e r s e t
C o s., N .J.
M o b ile, A la., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la.
N ash v ille , T enn.
N o r th e a s te r n M aine
N o rw ic h — ro to n — ew L ondon, Conn.
G
N
O g d en , U tah
O rlan d o , F la.
O x n a r d — i m i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C a l i f .
S
P a n a m a C ity , F la .
P o r t s m o u t h , N . H —M a i n e — a s s .
M
P u e b lo , C olo.
R eno, Nev.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif.
S a n t a B a r b a r a — a n t a M a r i a —L o m p o c , C a l i f .
S
S herm an— en iso n , Tex.
D
S h re v e p o rt, La.
S p r i n g f i e l d —C h i c o p e e — o l y o k e , M a s s __C o n n .
H
T opeka, K ans.
T ucson, A riz.
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d — a p a , C a l i f .
N
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l —N . J —M d .
Y um a, A riz.

y e a r but sin c e d isc o n tin u e d a r e

A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C ity, M ich.
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A u stin , T e x .*
F o r t S m i t h , A r k —O k l a .
G r e a t F a l l s , M ont.

C o p ie s of p u b lic

also

available:

L e x in g to n , K y .*
P i n e B lu ff, A r k .
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T aco m a, W ash.
W ich ita F a l l s , T ex .
See in sid e b a c k c o v e r .

T h e tw e lfth a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s fo r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s ,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s . O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1742, N a tio n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e ,
T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 7 1 , 75 c e n t s a c o p y , f r o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m t h e
S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 .




•A-U. *. GO V E N N M IN T P R IN TIN G O F F IC E : 1 9 7 J — 7 4 « - 1 9 1 / 0 0

A r e a W a g e Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n te d b e lo w . A d ir e c to r y of a r e a w age stu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e lim ite d stu d ie s con d u cted at the
r e q u e s t of the E m p lo y m e n t S tan d ard s A d m in is tr a tio n of the D e p a r tm en t of L abor is a v a ila b le on r e q u e st. B u lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a se d fr o m any of the BLS
r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f ic e s sh ow n on th e b ack c o v e r , or fr o m the S u p erin ten d en t of D o c u m e n ts, U .S. G o v ern m en t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ash in gton , D .C ., 20402.
B ulletin n u m b er

A rea
A k ron , O hio, D e c . 1972------------ -------------------------------------A lbany— c h e n e c ta d y — r o y , N .Y ., M ar. 1 9 7 2 ------------------S
T
A lb u q u erq u e, N. M e x ., M ar. 1973---------------------------------A llen to w n — e th leh em — a s to n , P a .— .J ., M ay 1972 1 —
B
E
N
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1972 1-------------------------------------------------A u stin , T e x ., D e c. 1 9 7 2 1________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., Aug. 1972 1____________________________
B e a u m o n t-P o r t A r th u r -O r a n g e , T e x ., M ay 1 9 7 2 _______
B in g h a m to n , N .Y ., J u ly 1 9 7 2 ___________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., M ar. 1972__________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 1972 1__________________________
B o sto n , M a s s ., A ug. 1 9 7 2 1_____________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 2 1_______________________________
B u r lin g to n , V t., D e c. 1972 1____________________________
C an ton , O hio, M ay 1972 1________________________________
C h a r le s to n , W. V a ., M ar. 1972 1 -----------------------------------C h a r lo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1973---------------------------------------------C h a ttan ooga, T e n n .-G a ,, Sept. 1972 1---------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., June 1972_________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O hio— y.— d ., F eb . 1 9 7 3 — —--------------------K
In
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sep t. 1972 1 ___________________________
C o lu m b u s, O hio, O ct. 1972 1____________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1972 1___-____________________________
D a v e n p o rt— ock Isla n d — o lin e , Iowa—
R
M
111., F eb . 1972 1—
D ayton , O h io, D e c . 1972-------- ----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1972________________________ _______
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, M ay 1972 1 — ---------- -----------------------D e tr o it, M ic h ., F eb . 1 9 7 2 _______________________________
D u rh am , N .C ., A pr. 1972 1_____ _________—-----— —---------F o r t L a u d er d a le — ollyw ood and W est P a lm
H
B e a c h , F l a . , A p r. 1972 1_______________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1 9 7 2 1----------------------------------------G re e n B a y , W is ., J u ly 1972 1------— —-----------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1 9 7 2 --------------------------------------------H ou ston , T e x ., A p r. 1972------------------------------------------------H u n ts v ille , A la ., F eb . 1973--------------------------------------------In d ia n a p o lis, In d., O ct. 1972 1---- -----------------------------------J a c k so n , M is s ., Jan. 1973----------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , D ec. 1 9 7 2 ----------------------------------------K a n sa s C ity , M o.— a n s ., Sept. 1 9 7 2 ------------------------------K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .— .H ., June 1972 1------------H
N
L e x in g to n , K y ., N ov. 1972 1 --------------------------------------------L ittle R ock— orth L ittle R ock, A r k ., J u ly 1972 1--------N
L os A n g e le s —
Long B e a c h and A n ah eim —
Santa A n a G ard en G ro v e , C a lif., O ct. 1972 1-------------------------------L o u is v ille , K y.— d., N ov. 1972--------------------------------------In
L ub bock, T e x ., M ar. 1972 1------------ — -------——— ----------M a n c h e ste r , N .H ., J u ly 1972 1---------------------------------------M e m p h is, T enn.— r k ., N ov. 1972----------------------------------A
M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 1972 1________________________________
M id lan d and O d e s s a , T e x ., Jan. 1973-----------------------------

and p r ic e
1 7 7 5 -3 6 ,
1 7 2 5 -4 9 ,
1 7 7 5 -5 2 ,
1 7 2 5 -8 7 ,
1 7 2 5 -7 7 ,
1 7 7 5 -4 2 ,
1 7 7 5 -2 0 ,
1 7 2 5 -6 9 ,
1 7 7 5 -5 ,
1 7 2 5 -5 8 ,
1 7 7 5 -3 2 ,
1 7 7 5 -1 3 ,
1 7 7 5 -1 8 ,
1 7 7 5 -2 8 ,
1 7 2 5 -7 5 ,
1 7 2 5 -6 3 ,
1 7 7 5 -3 9 ,
1 7 7 5 -1 4 ,
1 7 2 5 -9 2 ,
1 7 7 5 -5 3 ,
1 7 7 5 -1 5 ,
1 7 7 5 -2 3 ,
1 7 7 5 -2 5 ,
1 7 2 5 -5 5 ,
1 7 7 5 -3 4 ,
1 7 7 5 -3 5 ,
1 7 2 5 -8 6 ,
1 7 2 5 -6 8 ,
1 7 2 5 -6 4 ,

40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
45 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
75 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
45 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
75 c e n ts
65 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
55 c e n ts
70 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
75 c e n ts
55 c e n ts
75 c e n ts
35 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
30 c en ts

1 7 2 5 -7 4 ,
1 7 7 5 -2 4 ,
1 7 7 5 -1 ,
1 7 2 5 -6 6 ,
1 7 2 5 -7 9 ,
1 7 7 5 -4 8 ,
1 7 7 5 -2 7 ,
1 7 7 5 -4 4 ,
1 7 7 5 -3 1 ,
1 7 7 5 -1 7 ,
1 7 2 5 -8 1 ,
1 7 7 5 -2 2 ,
1 7 7 5 -2 ,

35 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
55 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
40 c en ts
55 c en ts
40 c en ts
40 c en ts
50 c en ts
35 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
55 ce n ts

1 7 7 5 -3 8 ,
1 7 7 5 -3 7 ,
1 7 2 5 -5 7 ,
1 7 7 5 -8 ,
1 7 7 5 -3 0 ,
1 7 7 5 -2 9 ,
1 7 7 5 -4 1 ,

75 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
55 c e n ts
40 c en ts
55 c en ts
35 c en ts

D ata on estab lish m en t p ractice s and su pplem entary w age provisions are also presented.




A rea
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 197 2 1______________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 7 3 _____________ ____
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , J u n e 19 7 2 1 ______
M
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 7 3 ------------------------N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 7 3 ______________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1 9 7 3 ---------------------------------------------N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 19 7 2 1_______________________________
N o r f o l k r - V i r g i n i a B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h a n d
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n . 19 73 1--------------------O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1972 __________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 1 9 7 2 ___________________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 19 7 2 1 -----------------C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1 9 7 2 ------------------------------------P h o e n i x , A r i z . , J u n e 1 9 7 2 1________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 7 2 _________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 7 2 _______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 7 2 1 ______________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g sto n — ew burgh, N .Y .,
K
N
J u n e 197 2 1 __________________________________________________
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k H P a w t u c k e t , R. I.—M a s s . ,
M a y 1 9 7 2 ____________________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 7 2 ___________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 19 7 2 1 _______________________________
R iv e r s id e — an B e r n a r d in o — n ta r io , C a lif.,
S
O
D e c . 1 9 7 1 ___________________________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n l y ) , J u l y 1 9 7 2 ___
R o c k f o r d , 111., J u n e 19 7 2 1 _________________________________
S t. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1 9 7 2 ___ _________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , N o v . 197 2 1_________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 2 ______________________________
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 2 _______________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c c r - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1971 1 _____________
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 ________________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1972 1 _________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 ___________________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 1 9 7 2 ________________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , D e c . 19 7 2 1--------------------------------------S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 1--------------------------------------------S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 19 7 2 1 _______________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 _________________________________
T a m p a — t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 2 --------------------------S
T o l e d o , O h i o - M i c h . , A p r . 1 9 7 2 1 __________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 19 7 2 1_________________________________
U t i c a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 ______________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , M a r . 19 7 2 1 _________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 2 1 ___________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 7 2 _________________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1972 1 ________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1972 1____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 197 2 1 _____________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n — a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 7 2 ____________________
W

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e
1725-83,
1775-49,
1725-85,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-90,

45c e n t s
55 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
55 c e n t s
40c e n ts
40c e n t s
50 c e n t s

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1725-46,
1775-21,
1725-89,

50 c e n t s
45c e n t s
40c e n t s
40c e n ts
55 c e n t s
55 c e n t s
40c e n t s
40 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1725-80,

35 c e n t s

1725-70,
1775-7,
1725-72,

30 c e n t s
45c e n ts
35 c e n t s

1725-43,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1775-33,
1725-67,
1775-40,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1775-10,
1725-47,
1775-43,
1725-60,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1725-78,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1725-53,
1775-26,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1 7 7 5 - 19,

30 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
45c e n t s
35 c e n t s
55 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
70 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
35c e n t s
35 c e n t s
10c e n t s

(F@iTA©i and mm mo®
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

L A B -4 4 1

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
Idaho
California
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102