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Area0^
Wage
Survey

js

’-

s

Chattanooga, Tennessee—
Georgia, Metropolitan Area
September 1978

' /

Bulletin 2025-51
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

CO'ASequatchie
Hamilton
0 ^ °




uW

(
Marion

Chattanooga
Tennessee

Walker

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s
r e s u lt s o f a S e p t e m b e r 1978 s u r v e y o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fit s in th e C h a tta n o o g a ,
T e n n e s s e e — e o r g ia , S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a . T h e s u r v e y w a s
G
m a d e as p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' a nn ual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y
p rogram .
It w a s c o n d u c te d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e in A tla n ta ,
G a ., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f J e r r y G . A d a m s , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l
C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p e r a t io n s . T h e s u r v e y c o u ld n ot h av e b e e n a c c o m p lis h e d
w ith ou t th e c o o p e r a t io n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a la r y data
p r o v id e d th e b a s is f o r th e s t a t is t ic a l in fo r m a t io n in th is b u lle tin .
The
B u re a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n f o r th e c o o p e r a t io n r e c e iv e d .
M a t e r ia l in th is p u b lic a t io n is in th e p u b lic d o m a in and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d w ith o u t p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P le a s e c r e d it




the B u r e a u
p u b lic a tio n .

of

L abor

S t a t is t ic s

and

c it e

th e

nam e

and

n um ber

of

th is

Note:
A ls o a v a ila b le f o r th e C h a tta n o o g a a r e a a r e lis t in g s o f u n ion w a g e
r a t e s f o r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p r in tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ,
l o c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s . F r e e c o p ie s
o f t h e s e a r e a v a ila b le f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(S ee b a c k c o v e r
f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Area
Wage
Survey

Chattanooga, Tennessee—
Georgia, Metropolitan Area
September 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

Contents

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Acting Commissioner

I n t r o d u c t io n ____________________________________________

Page

2

December 1978
Bulletin 2025-51

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments, U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price $1
Digitized for20 Make checks payable to Super­
FRASER
intendent of Documents.



Page

T a b le s — C o n tin u e d
B.

T a bles:
A.

E a r n in g s , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s :
A - l . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s __ 3
A - 2 . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s _______________ 5
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _________
6
A - 4 . H o u rly e a r n in g s o f m a in te n a n c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r pla n t
w o r k e r s _______________________________
7
A - 5. H o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m a t e r ia l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l w o r k e r s __ 8
A - 6. A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f
m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , p o w e r pla n t, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s t o d ia l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _________
9
A - 7 . P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s , a d ju s te d f o r
e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s , f o r s e le c t e d
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ___________________ 10

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s ;
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r
in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts and c l e r k s ___ H
B - 2 . L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v is io n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e m a n u fa c tu r in g
p r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s _____ 12
B - 3 . S ch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a ys o f
f u l l - t i m e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s _______ 13
B - 4 . A n n u al p a id h o lid a y s f o r f u ll- t i m e
w o r k e r s _________________________________ 14
B - 5 . P a id v a c a t io n p r o v is io n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s _____________________ 15
B - 6 . H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p la n s f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s __________ 18
B - 7 . L i f e in s u r a n c e p la n s f o r
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers______________________ 19

A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B .

S c o p e and m e th o d o f s u r v e y __________23
O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________ 28

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 75 in w h ic h th e U .S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's B u ­
re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e ­
la te d b e n e f it s .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a ,
o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly .
I n fo r ­
m a tio n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fit s ( B s e r i e s t a b le s ) is o b ta in e d e v e r y t h ir d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m ­
p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l and r e ­
g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a d a ta , f o r a ll
S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in th e U n ited S t a te s , e x c lu d in g A la s k a
and H a w a ii.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n e e d
to d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e t s ,
th ro u g h th e a n a ly s is o f (1 ) th e l e v e l an d d is t r ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n ,
and (2 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l .
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a t io n th at m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s ,
in c lu d in g w a g e a nd s a la r y a d m in is t r a t io n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , a nd a s ­
s is t a n c e in d e t e r m in in g p la n t lo c a t io n .
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y the
U .S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e
C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
A -s e r ie s

t a b le s

T a b le s A - l th ro u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s t im a t e s o f s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f
m a n u fa c tu r in g a n d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s .
F o r th e 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b le s A - 8 th r o u g h A - 13 p r o v id e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .




T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s t r ia l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , a nd u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s and f o r m a n u fa c tu r in g
and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e ly .
D ata a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d f o r s k ille d m a in ­
te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in th is o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g is t o o s m a ll to w a r r a n t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta t io n .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e tr e n d s a ft e r
e lim in a t io n o f ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y m e n t s h ift s
a m o n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts a s w e ll a s t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d in
s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r fu r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e a p p e n d ix A .
B -s e r ie s

ta b les

T h e B - s e r i e s ta b le s p r e s e n t in fo r m a t io n on m in im u m e n t r a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts an d c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v is io n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r p r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu r in g ; a nd data
s e p a r a t e ly f o r p r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s on s c h e d ­
u le d w e e k ly h ou rs and da ys o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a ­
t io n s ; h ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ; and m o r e d e t a ile d in fo r m a t io n
on li f e in s u r a n c e p la n s.
A p p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s th e m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a
w age su rvey p rog ra m .
It p r o v id e s in fo r m a t io n on th e s c o p e o f th e a r e a
s u r v e y , th e a r e a 's in d u s t r ia l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa c t u r in g , and l a b o r m anagem ent a greem en t co v e ra g e .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s
o m i s t s t o c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y o c c u p a t io n .

u sed by B u reau

fie ld

econ ­

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., September 1978
^^"^V>eklyTarning^^™
(standard)
O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v is io n

Number
of
workers

(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e we e k l y e a r n i n g s o f —
90

M tu 2

Median2

Middle range2

s

S

*

Average
weekly

s

S

s

$

$

s

*

s

$

*

S

S

S

$

$

*

$

$

100

110

12 0

130

140

150

1 60

170

180

1 90

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

34 0

360

11 0

120

1 30

140

1 50

16 0

17 0

1 80

1 90

200

210

220

240

260

280

3 00

320

340

3 60

380

1
1

4
4

9
i
8

26
n
15

50
31
19

31
14
17

43
25
18

47
29
18

40
28
12

44
34
10

50
30
20

28
20
8

31
21
10

21
10
11

11
9
2

8
8
-

6
4
2

3
1
2

2
2

-

-

2

1
-

1
1

5
5

4

4
4

9
9

7
3

1
1

1

2
-

_

_

_

-

-

11
4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

6
1
5

2
1
1

14
8
6

8
6
2

12
10
2

4
2
2

11
9
2

7
3
4

5
1
4

6

3
2
1

-

2
2
“

-

-

and
under
100

-

ALL WORKERS
SEC RE TAR IE S ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N 6 ----------------------------------

455
278
1 77

$
39. 0 189 .00
3 9 .5 1 94 .50
38. 0 1 80 .50

$
1 84 .00
189.90
174.00

$
$
1 57 .5 0 -2 0 9 .0 0
1 64 .0 0 -2 1 1 .5 0
1 49 .5 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

48
27

39. 5 203.50
39. 5 195 .50

1 98.00
198.00

1 7 8 .0 0 -2 4 5 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

-

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

94
61
33

39. 0 2 07 .00
3 9 .5 2 15 .00
3 7 .5 191 .50

195.50
196.00
1 84.00

1 78 .5 0 -2 3 3 .0 0
1 8 5 .0 0 -2 4 8 .0 0
1 57 .5 0 -2 2 0 .0 0

-

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS C --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

89
72

39.0
3 9.0

198 .00
206.00

195.50
204.00

1 67 .00 -2 25 .00
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 2 6 .5 0

-

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS 0 --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

139
77

3 9 .0 180 .00
40. 0 177 .50

174.00
172.50

1 49 .5 0 -2 0 4 .0 0
1 49 .5 0 -2 0 1 .0 0

_

-

1

-

-

“

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS E --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

80
41
39

3 9.5
3 9.5
39.5

1 65 .00
1 75 .00
154 .00

1 64.00
170.50
1 42 .50

1 4 2 .0 0 -1 8 7 .0 0
1 55 .5 0 -1 9 3 .5 0
1 33 .5 0 -1 7 4 .0 0

-

2

-

1
1

2

STENOGRAPHERS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

89
43

38.5 1 8 5 .50
39. 5 184 .00

168.50
1 68 .00

1 5 2 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0 -1 9 0 .5 0

-

-

-

■

“

3 9 .5

1 83 .00

1 5 2 .5 0 -2 3 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

1
-

-

-

1

-

6
5
i

~

5
5
-

-

-

2
“

6
5

4
2

4
1

10
5

11
11

4
3

6
5

12
11

3
2

15
15

4
4

2
2

3
3

2
2

1
1

2

6

15
7

10
5

9
7

16
9

12
5

18
9

10
7

7
3

1

2
-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

29
24

_

-

-

”

5
1
4

6
1
5

14
5
9

5
4
1

15
9
6

8
3
5

8
6
2

5
5

3
1
2

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

_
-

-

7
5
2

-

-

-

“

-

6
2

11
4

7
4

17
12

9
2

8
5

5
4

3
3

_
-

5
1

5
3

2
2

3
1

4

~

4
“

-

-

-

2

3

3

2

1

6

-

1

-

4

-

-

2

-

-

8
1

4
1

15
12

8
1

2

2
2

_

-

5
4

1
1

5
3

2
2

1
1

~

STENOGRAPHERS.

GENERAL

--------------------- -

28

STENOGRAPHERS.
MANUFACTURING

SENIOR -----------------------------------------------------------------

61
28

38.0
3 9 .5

176.50
1 9 5 .00

168.00
170.00

1 48 .50 -1 90 .50
1 6 8 .0 0 -2 1 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-------------

55

37.5

1 36 .00

1 26 .50

1 1 3 .5 0 -1 5 3 .5 0

1

9

15

4

8

2

6

1

2

3

1

T Y P I S T S -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

142
67

38.5
39.5

135 .50
139.50

1 32 .50
140.00

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 0 .5 0

2
-

21

29
12

17
9

5
2

32
30

12
8

10
2

3

6
1

-

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

31
27

38.5
38.5

157 .50
1 57 .50

164.50
167.00

1 44 .50 -1 75 .00
1 48 .00 -1 75 .00

-

1
1

3
3

i
i

-

5
2

4
4

8
8

3
3

6
5

-

-

-

-

~
“

-

-

-

“

“

-

r 4

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E

TY PIS TS

2 05 .00

4

4

-

.

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

_

1
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

3
3

_

1
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

_

-

-

-

-

1
-

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

B -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

111
63

38. 5 129 .50
3 9 .5 1 3 8 .50

1 21 .00
140.00

1 1 4 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

2
-

20
“

26
12

16
9

5
2

27
27

8
8

2
2

-

F I L E CLERKS ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 30
1 13

38.0
3 7 .5

118.00
1 1 6 .50

111.90
106.00

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
1 00 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

20
20

44
44

32
19

10
8

5
5

5
5

6
6

2
2

2
1

1
1

-

F I L E CL E R K S . CLASS C --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

44
29

3 9 .5
39.5

1 2 4 .50
127 .00

1 15 .00
116.00

1 1 4 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 4 7 .0 0

1
1

8
8

19
6

6
5

-

3
3

4
4

1
1

1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

MESSENGERS ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

49
42

37. 5 1 20.00
37. 5 1 11 .50

1 04 .50
104.50

9 9 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

17
16

14
14

5
5

3
3

2
2

4
1

-

1

-

-

-

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

OPERATORS ------------------------------

32

38.5

1 42 .50

1 40 .00

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 6 .5 0

-

1

7

5

2

6

4

3

1

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPE RA TO R-R EC EPT IO N I S T S MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

131
93
38

3 9 .5 147 .50
3 9 .5 151 .50
4 0 . 0 1 37 .50

1 40 .50
145.00
1 38.00

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 6 3 .5 0

-

8
1
7

9
9

15
14
1

33
27
6

21
17
4

4
4

12
6
6

14
12
2

8
6
2

3
2
1

2
2

_
-

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

T Y P I S T S . CLASS
MANUFACTURING

SWITCHBOARD

See

fo o tn o te s

at end o f ta b le s .




3

-

1
1

_

-

“
-

“

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., September 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
wodcers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
1

*

Average
weekly

90
Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

100

120

s

S

*
110

130

140

s

$
150

160

t
170

s

t
1 80

190

*
200

$

$
210

220

s

$

*
240

260

280

s

t

t
300

320

340

10 0

360

_

and
under
110

120

130

140

150

1 60

17 0

1 80

190

200

210

5
-

5
-

2
2

10

13
8

20
10

13
13

37
5

1
1

2
2

5
-

5
-

2
2

10
-

13
8

18
8

11
11

37
5

1
1

2
2

37
5
32

67
12
55

64
35
29

63
33
30

84
46
38

43
32
11

29
17
12

41
29
12

28
23
5

18
9
9

13
7
6

13
11
2

15
10
5

25
18
7

30
21
9

14
7
7

i

-

280

240

260

8
8

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

30
26
4

29
27
2

8
6
2

7
6
i

4
4
-

15
11
4

27
24
3

28
26
2

8
6
2

4
3
1

3
3
-

16
11
5

13
12
1

3
2
1

1
1
-

-

3
3
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

9
9

220

3 00

320

340

360

380

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
OROER CLERKS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

11 8
51

40.0
40.0

$
1 7 1 .50
1 8 4 .00

$
1 72 .00
1 72.00

$
$
1 5 6 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0
1 64 .50 -1 87 .00

ORDER C L E RK S . CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

110
A3

40.0
40.0

1 69 .50
1 81 .00

1 72.00
1 72 .00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

552
310
242

39.5
3 9.5
3 9.5

1 62.00
1 76 .50
143 .50

ACCOUNTING CL ERKS. CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

195
141
54

39.5
39.5
39.0

ACCOUNTING CL ERKS. CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

357
169
188

OPERATORS --------

31

PAYROLL CLERKS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

14 4
95
49

39. 5 163 .50
3 9 .5 1 7 1 .5 0
39. 5 148.00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

35 4
134
220

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

65
44

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

289
11 3
17 6

BOO KK EEPI NG-MACHINE

See f o o t n o t e s

-

—

-

-

1 56 .00 -1 82 .50
1 6 3 .0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0

-

-

1 55 .00
1 67 .00
1 38 .00

1 3 2 .5 0 -1 8 6 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

-

9
1
8

192.50
201.50
1 6 8 .00

1 88.00
1 95 .50
1 64 .50

1 6 4 .5 0 -2 1 5 .0 0
1 75 .00 -2 18 .00
1 40 .00 -1 89 .00

-

-

1
~

5

-

-

1

5

11
5
6

3 9 .5 1 4 5 .50
3 9 .5 155.50
39. 5 1 36 .00

1 45 .00
1 55 .00
1 32 .00

1 26 .50 -1 58 .00
1 3 3 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

_
-

9
1
8

36
5
31

62
12
50

53
30
23

45
24
21

71
39
32

39.0

132 .50

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0

-

1

2

4

16

1

5

1 59 .00
161.50
155.00

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0 -1 9 4 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0

-

1

9

3 9 .0 151 .50
3 9 .5 1 7 0 .00
39. 0 1 40 .00

1 44 .00
1 58 .00
1 36 .00

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 9 0 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

-

16
-

32
~

16

3 9.0
38.5

1 62.50
1 58 .00

166.00
164.50

1 4 9 .5 0 -1 7 5 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 7 0 .5 0

-

_

-

39.0 149.00
3 9 .5 169.50
39. 0 136.00

1 39 .00
155.50
1 32 .00

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 6 4 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

-

1 3 7 .00

-

24
19
5

6
2
4

15
11
4

18
6
12

13
12
1

14
8
6

15
10
5

-

32

38
6
32

71
33
38

44
12
32

34
18
16

28
10
18

34
12
22

19
6
13

2
2

1
1

8
6

6
5

9

-

6

12
11

19
11

16

30

37
6
31

63
31
32

38
11
27

25
15
10

16
9
7

15
4
11

1

-

16

9
-

-

30

a t en d o f t a b l e s .




-

4

_

_

_

1
1
-

2
2

-

~
“

“

2
2

_

_

-

_
-

1
-

-

1

_
-

-

-

”

3
3

2
2

3
3

3
3
“

2
2
“

3
3
~

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

I
1

“

“

“

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

1
1
-

1
1

~

1
1
-

2
2
-

-

“

9
8
1

3
3

2
2

2
1
1

16
15
1

1
1

8
8

4
4
-

6
6
-

3
1

4

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

16
4
12

12
12

8
8

4
4

6
6

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

_

_
-

_

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., September 1978
Weekly eandng^^™
(standard)
nber

Average
weekly
houn1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn in g s of—
s

s

s

ken

S

S

1

S

*

S

t

*

S

*

s

$

$

$

*

t

*

*

ALL

14 0

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

30 0

320

340

360

3 80

400

420

4 40

460

480

50 0

92 0

140

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

16 0

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

440

4 60

480

500

520

540

2
1

3
3

8
7

7
2

12
6

11
7

12
1

10
5

5
1

8
1

6
~

6

4
i

3
2

2
1

2

4

3

4

6

4

3

2

120
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

an d
under

UORKERS

COHPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

99
38

38.5
39.5

$
3 78 .50
351 .50

$
370.50
3 40 .50

$
$
3 32 .0 0 -4 2 7 .0 0
2 9 3 .0 0 -3 8 9 .5 0

-

~

-

"

"

"

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A ---------------------------

37

3 8 .5

4 2 8 .50

440 .30

3 9 0 .0 0 -4 7 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

2

3

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B ---------------------------

48

38. 0 3 58.50

3 58 .00

3 2 9 .5 0 -3 8 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

5

7

8

9

5

i

5

2

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

4
3
1

9
2
7

20
13
7

23
8
15

16
6
10

15
2
13

8

3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

3

~

-

8

5
2
3

3

1

5

-

-

-

-

4
4

_

4
4

1
1

_

_

-

-

4

-

4

1

_

~

~

~

~

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

10 6
38
68

3 8 .5 261 .00
3 9 .5 248 .50
37. 5 267 .50

2 54.50
2 41 .00
2 64 .00

2 3 2 .0 0 -2 8 7 .5 0
2 2 8 .5 0 -2 6 4 .5 0
2 4 3 .5 0 -2 9 3 .0 0

-

"

"

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------

31

38. 0 2 94 .50

2 92 .00

2 5 6 .0 0 -3 2 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

1

4

4

3

6

4

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

48
28

38. 5 260 .50
3 7 .5 2 71 .00

2 61 .30
2 78.00

2 4 2 .0 0 -2 8 0 .5 0
2 55 .00 -2 90 .00

_

_

_

2
1

_

9
2

12
6

12
6

9
9

4
4

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------------

27

3 8.0

2 25 .00

2 0 6 .0 0 -2 4 7 .5 0

-

-

2

2

8

7

7

1

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

2 23 .00

-

"

COMPUTER OPERATORS ------------------------------------M A NUF AC T UR IN G ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

175
66
109

39.0
3 9.5
38.5

192 .50
2 14.50
1 79.00

1 84 .00
1 94 .00
176.00

1 6 3 .50 -2 08 .50
1 72 .5 0 -2 2 4 .0 0
1 56 .5 0 -2 0 0 .5 0

8
2
6

33
5
28

41
16
25

31
13
18

33
11
22

16
6
10

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

45
27

39.0
38.5

237 .00
2 0 1 .00

2 14 .00
2 01 .50

1 9 2 .5 0 -2 6 2 .0 0
1 83 .0 0 -2 1 8 .0 0

-

-

6
6

8
6

12
10

7
5

-

3

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

82
33
49

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 8.5

184 .50
193 .50
1 78.50

1 72.50
1 9 4 . 50
1 71.50

1 65 .50 -2 07 .00
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 1 2 .5 0
1 57 .5 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

1
~
1

17
3
14

26
11
15

12
5
7

16
9
7

9
4
5

1
1
”

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C ------;—
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

48
33

3 8.5
38.0

164 .00
1 62 .00

1 62 .50
1 56 .50

1 4 8 .0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 47 .5 0 -1 8 4 .0 0

“

”

7
5

16
14

9
4

11
5

DRAFTERS -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

250
2 28

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 11 .00
210 .00

214 .00
2 11 .50

18
17

23
23

30
28

37
35

41
38

27
16

30
28

23
23

17
16

2
2

i
i

1
1

-

DRA FTE RS . CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

65
60

4 0.0
4 0.0

232 .50
2 32 .50

2 25.00
2 22.50

2 1 5 .0 0 -2 4 3 .0 0
2 1 4 .0 0 -2 4 4 .0 0

-

-

-

16
11

12
12

5
5

2
2

i
i

1
1

-

DR A FTE RS . CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

10 5
1 00

-

-

4 0 .0 1 79 .50
40. 0 178 .00

178.00
1 78.00

1 55 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 55 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

4
4

23
23

26
26

32
30

18
15

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

“

-

~

23
23

-

~

5
5

-

“

~

-

5
5

1 78 .0 0 -2 4 6 .0 0
1 70 .0 0 -2 4 8 .5 0

~

2
2

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-------------------------

49

4 0.0

2 82 .00

3 23 .00

1 96 .5 0 -3 4 6 .5 0

i

-

4

9

1

1

2

1

-

-

15

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

REGISTERED I N D U S T R I A L NURSES ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

34
33

4 0.0
40.0

253 .00
2 54.00

2 40 .00
2 40 .00

2 3 1 .0 0 -2 5 9 .0 0
2 3 3 .0 0 -2 5 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

5
5

5
4

16
16

1
1

1
1

2
2

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

E LE CTR ONI CS

TECHNICIANS

S ee footn otes at end o f t a b le s .




5

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., September 1978
Average
(mean*)
Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

O FF IC E

and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(standard

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

MEN
$
220 .00
221 .50

ACCOUNTING CLERKS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

36
32

0 0 .0
0 0 .0

ACCOUNTING CL ER KS. CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

31
28

4 0 .0 228.00
00. 0 227 .00

O F F IC E

OCCUPATIONS -

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

655
27 8
177
08
27

39.0
39.5
38. 0
39.5
3 9 .5

189 .00
190 .50
180 .50
2 03.50
195 .50

S EC R E T A R IE S . CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

90
61
33

3 9 .0
39.5
3 7 .5

2 0 7 .00
215.00
191 .50

S EC R E T A R IE S . CLASS C --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

89
72

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 9 8 .00
2 06 .00

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS D --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

1 39
77

3 9 .0
00. 0

1 80 .00
1 7 7 .50

S EC R E T A R IE S . CLASS E --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

80
01
39

39.5
39.5
39.5

1 6 5 .00
1 7 5 .00
1 50 .00

STENOGRAPHERS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

89
03

38.5
3 9 .5

185 .50
1 80 .00

STENOGRAPHERS.

GENERAL ----------------------

28

39. 5 205 .00

STENOGRAPHERS.
MANUFACTURING

SENIOR -----------------------------------------------------------------

61
28

3 8 .0
39.5

TR A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s try d iv is io n

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

176.50
1 9 5 .00

T Y P I S T S -------------

55

37.5

1 36 .00

T Y P I S T S -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

10 2
67

38. 5
3 9.5

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

31
27

38. 5
38.5

157.50
157.50

B ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

111
63

38.5
39. 5

1 29 .50
1 38 .50

F I L E CLERKS ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

125
112

38.0
3 7 .5

1 1 7.00
1 1 6.00

F I L E CL E R K S . CLASS C --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

00
29

39. 5
3 9.5

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hour*1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

ANO T E C H N I C A L
HEN— CONTINUED

SUITCHBOARD OPERATORS -----------------------------

32

3 8.5

SUITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- -------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

131
93
38

39.5
3 9 .5
40.0

147 .50
151 .50
1 37 .50

106
39

40.0
3 9.5

166 .00
1 72 .50

ORDER CL ER KS. CLASS B -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

98
31

ACCOUNTING CLERKS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

516
278
2 38

39.5
3 9.5
39.5

158 .00
171 .00
1 4 2 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------

ACCOUNTING CL ER KS. CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

164
113
51

39.5
39.5
3 9 .0

1 8 5 .50
195 .00
1 6 4 .00

COMPUTER OPERATORS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

ACCOUNTING CL ERKS. CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

3 52
16 5
1 87

39.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

145.00
155 .00
1 3 6 .00

A -----------

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) - CONTINUED

31

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9.5

1 61 .50
168 .50
148 .00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

353
13 3
22 0

3 9.0 1 5 1 .5 0
39. 5 1 7 0 .5 0
3 9.0 140 .00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

65
44

3 9 .0
3 8.5

1 62 .50
158 .00

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

288
112
17 6

39.0
39.5
39.0

3 8.0

$
360 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

71
28
43

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

266 .00
252 .00
275 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------

27

3 8 .0

2 99.00

28

3 8.5

259 .50

109
42
67

3 8.5
4 0 .0
3 8.0

194.00
228 .50
172 .50

32

3 9.0

2 40 .50

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ----------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

47
31

38.5
3 8.0

184.50
172 .00

C -----------

30

3 8 .0

1 5 8 .50

DRAFTERS -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

231
219

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

211.00
210.50

DRAFTERS. CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

62
58

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 33 .00
2 3 3 .00

DRAFTERS. CLASS C ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

99
96

40. 0
4 0 .0

1 79 .00
1 78 .50

46

4 0 .0

278.00

------

35

3 8.0

250.00

66
42

39.0
3 9 .0

1 9 0 .00
1 8 9 .50

COMPUTER OPERATORS.

CLASS

137 .00

138
89
49

40

COMPUTER OPERATORS ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

OPERATORS --------

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B ----------------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS.

40. 0 163 .00
4 0 .0 1 6 5 .00

PAYROLL CLERKS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — -------------------------------

1 49 .00
170 .00
1 36 .00

BOO KK EEP IN G -M AC HI NE

ELECTRONICS

CLASS

T E C H N I C I A N S -------------------------

PR OFESSIONAL AND T E C H N IC A L
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
PROFESS ION AL AND TE CH NIC AL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A ---------

at end o f ta b le s.




and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

$
1 4 2 .50

1 25 .50
1 2 7 .00

S ee fo o tn o te s

S e x ,3 o ccup atio n ,

PR OF ESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

O FFI CE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

135.50
139.50

T Y P I S T S . CLASS
MANUFACTURING

Average
(mean2)

|

ORDER C L E R K S -------- ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

WOMEN

SEC RETAR IES ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

6

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

86
35

35

38.5
39.5

38.5

3 84 .00
355.50

430.50

(B U SIN ESS)

B -----------

35

3 9 .0

184.00

REGISTERED I N D U S T R I A L NURSES ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

34
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

253.00
254.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS.

CLASS

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., September 1978
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f ----

Mean 2

Median*

Middle range 2

s

$
9 . 90

$
9 .6 0

s
4 . 80

s
5 .0 0

s

s

s

7 .2 0

*
7 . 60

s

6 .0 0

s
6 . 80

s

5 .8 0

$
6 . 90

s

5 .6 0

$
6 .2 0

s

5 .2 0

$
5 .9 0

s

9 .2 0

8 .0 0

8 .9 0

8 .8 0

*
9 .2 0

3 .8 0

9 .0 0

9 .2 0

4 .4 0

9 .6 0

9 .8 0

5 . 00

5 .2 0

5 .9 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .9 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .9 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0

2

2

4

4

1

5

-

-

“

“

1
1

5
4

27
27

25
25

15
15

73
73

32
32

2
2

-

-

-

i
i

15
15

2
2

12
12

13
13

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

90
90

29
29

20
8

90
36

37
37

7
7

2
2

12
8

17
17

8
1

-

-

“

WORKERS

CARPENTERS -----------------------

26

$
6 .9 2

■
$
6 .6 1

$
5 .6 3 -

$
8 .3 7
8 .0 8
8 .0 8

1

-

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

375
370

6 .7 8
6 .7 8

6 .6 1
6 . 61

5 .8 9 5 .9 0 -

MAINTENANCE M A C H I N I S T S ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

173
17 3

6 .6 9
6 .6 9

7 .0 2
7 .0 2

6 .9 3 6 .9 3 -

7 .0 2
7 .0 2

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M A C H IN E R Y )
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

898
882

6 . 79
6 .8 1

6 .7 0
6 .7 0

6 .1 7 6 .1 7 -

8 .0 8
8 .0 8

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1 28
10 8

6 .5 0
6 .3 1

6 . 59
6 . 44

5 .6 5 5 .6 9 -

6.8 1
6 .7 8

M IL LW R IG H TS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

97
97

6 . 75
6 .7 5

6 . 49
6 .9 9

5 .9 2 5 .9 2 -

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

57

5 .9 6
5 . 96

4 .9 8 5 .0 3 -

5 .5 7
5 .5 7

1
“

-

-

56

5 .1 9
5 .2 2

TOOL AND D I E MAKERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

60
60

6 .7 7
6 .7 7

6 .7 6
6 . 76

6 .7 6 6 .7 6 -

6 .9 8
6 .9 8

-

-

-

“

“

“

S TA T IO NA RY ENGINEERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

91
91

7 .0 7
7 .0 7

6 . 91
6 .9 1

6 .9 2 6 .9 2 -

8 .0 8
8 .0 8

-

-

-

~

“

B O I L E R TENDERS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

38
38

5 .1 3
5 .1 3

5 .3 9
5 . 39

9 .1 8 4 .1 8 -

5 .7 9
5 .7 9

-

-

-

4
4

3

8
8

1
1

10
10

2
2

1
1

-

8 .0 8
8 .0 8

Se e f o o t n o t e s

>
0

ALL

*
*
3 . 80 9 . 0 0

and
under
3 .6 0

MAINTENANCE

*
3 .6 0

96
96

*
3 .9 0

O
C
O

O ccup a tion and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

8
8

~

-

-

-

-

“

_

-

-

~

“

~

_

_

_

_

”

“

2
2

9

4
-

4
9

4
4

10
10

3
3

22
22

7
7

i
1

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

9
9

3
3

-

-

7

-

-

“

“

-

-

_

6
6

-

82
82

57
57

-

20
20

91
91

20
20

177
1 77

158
158

-

33
32

19
15

_
t*9

7
7

_

9

4

1
1

_
-

_

_

-

-

3
3

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

21
21

29
29

5
5

8
8

6

_

_

6

-

-

230
230

16
10
97
97

-

-

-

-

~

“

”

_

_

4

-

-

-

-

-

“

4
4

“

16
16

28
28

-

-

“

1
1

-

3
3

-

at end o f ta b le s .




2
2

1
1

~

“
10
10

~

-

9
,
i,

-

4
4

_
3
3

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

20
20

-

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., September 1978

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g S o f ---

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s
3 .8 0

S
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .40

*
4 .60

$
4 .8 0

S
5 .2 0

*
5 .6 0

$
6 .0 0

s
6 .4 0

$
6 . 80

s
7 .2 0

S
7 . 60

*
O
o

■J-------- --------"5-------- 1 -------- *
s
2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0

T9

Hourly earnings 4
Number
of
workers

3 .0 0

3 . 20

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .80

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 . 00

8 .4 0

s
9 .2 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0

9

22
22

5
-

22
17
5

11
1
10

34
27
7

52
8
44

28
27
1

66
62
4

83
11
72

141
48
93

3
3
-

12
12

5
~
5

21
21
-

4
4

16
16

-

4
-

7
7

_

-

-

2

6

_

_

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
-

19
19

33
9
24

96
36
60

2
2
-

_
-

2
-

35
2
33

i
i
-

WORKERS

TRUCKORIVERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

573
245
328

$
5 .1 3
5 .1 2
5 .1 3

$
5 .0 0
4 .7 5
5 .0 5

$
4 .3 1 4 .5 0 4 .3 1 -

$
5 .5 0
5 .5 1
5 .5 0

9

5
5

5

4
4

TRUCKORIVERS. L IG H T TRUCK --------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N 6 ----------------------------------

54
37

4 .0 9
3 .4 2

3 .7 1
3 .0 0

3 .0 0 2 .8 0 -

5 .3 9
3 .9 2

6
6

5
5

15
15

-

-

-

-

TRUC KOR IVE RS . MEDIUM TRUCK ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N 6 ----------------------------------

269
103
166

4 .7 7
4 .8 7
4 .7 1

4 .9 5
4 .7 5
4 .9 5

4 .3 1 4 .5 0 4 .2 5 -

5 .5 0
5 .5 0
5 .5 0

3

-

7
-

5
~

-

7

5

16
13
3

4
i
3

7
-

3

4
4

7

45
1
44

-

24
20
4

TRU CKD RIVE RS . T R A C T O R - T R A IL E R -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------- ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 ----------------------------------

215
90
125

5 .5 8
4 .7 2
6 .2 1

5 . 05
4 .6 5
5 . 20

4 .6 5 4 .0 5 5 .0 5 -

5 .4 5
4 .7 9
6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_
-

27
27

2
2

7
7

42
42

-

-

-

48
48

SHIPPE RS ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

37
31

4 .6 9
4 . 85

4 . 75
4 .7 5

4 .3 0 4 .5 2 -

5 .2 4
5 .3 2

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

3
2

8
8

7
5

8
8

RECEIVER S --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

79
53
26

4 .1 0
4 .1 5
4 .0 0

3 .9 5
3 .6 1
3 .9 5

3 .6 1 3 .6 1 3 .9 5 -

4 .5 3
4 .7 4
4.3 1

-

-

-

9
9

4
4

-

-

AND RECEIVERS ---------------------------

29

4 .4 0

4 .8 1

3 .6 2 -

5 .3 8

-

-

SHIPPE RS

s
8 .8 0

and
under
2 .8 0

AL L

%
8 .4 0

-

“

-

3
3

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

47
46
i

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

“

-

-

-

-

6

9

10
10

-

11
ii

8
8

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
30

-

-

-

-

“

“
-

-

~

14
10
4

35
25
10

10
9
i

2
2

_
-

-

-

33
25
8

12
12

31
24
7

42
13
29

77
-

-

12

-

18
18

-

-

40
8

28
4

23
23

4
4

15
15

2
2

29
4

16
11

9
9

19
19

3
3

16
4

_

33
33

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

18
12

19
12

63
45

12
8

37 8
378

_

67
31

44
16

33
16

34 5
245

9
9

16
16

20 4
204

8
-

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

-

-

41
19

35
31

30
24

72
64

61
13

82
50

11
11

82
82

19 6
19 6

84
84

1
-

4
4

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

159
159

~

53
53

-

-

19

12

-

-

~

“

-

2
2

-

-

11
11

-

-

-

-

*

“

11
8
3

8
8
-

2
2

1
1
-

10
9
i

33
30
3

43
43

_

_

-

6
6

~

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

12
9
3

17
17

-

_

_

-

10
9
1

-

-

-

“

26
12
14

35
34
1

9
8
1

74
68
6

71
70
1

29
29

23
20
3

4 . 97
5 . 16

4 .1 4 4 .3 5 -

5 .3 5
5 .4 3

-

25 6
225

3 .9 9
3 .8 9

3 .7 1
3 .7 1

3 .6 5 3 .6 5 -

4 .1 6
4 .1 5

-

-

GUARDS ---------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

516
159
357

3 .3 0
4 .5 2
2 .7 6

2 .6 5
4 . 95
2 .6 5

2 .6 5 3 .4 0 2 .6 5 -

3 .5 6
5 .2 5
2 .6 5

32 3
16
30 7

22
2
20

4
4

GUARDS, CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

36 9
10 0
269

3 .2 1
4 .3 3
2 .7 9

2 .6 5
4 . 14
2 .6 5

2 .6 5 3 .3 7 2 .6 5 -

3 .3 7
5 .2 5
2 .7 5

2 35
16
219

20
-

4
-

20

4

, p o r t e r s , a n o c l e a n e r s -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

814
38 2
4 32

3 .6 7
4 .5 2
2 .9 1

3 .0 0
4 .8 0
2 .6 5

2 .6 5 3 .4 0 2 .6 5 -

4 .7 8
5 .4 5
2 .8 0

3 22
9
31 3

73
47
26

31

-

“

31

19
16
3

19
10
9

12
7
5

19
16
3

9
9

12
7
5

11
8
3

8
8
-

36
26
10

52
38
14

11
6
5

14
10
4

1

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




-

-

4 .7 9
4 .9 2

ja n it o r s

_

-

-

-

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K L I F T ) --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

_

-

-

4
-

709
58 8

_

-

4

5 .1 0
5 .1 0

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

-

-

3 .8 8 3 .8 8 -

4 .6 6
4 .7 0

-

_

4

4 .6 5
4 .4 6

1 ,2 2 0
992

-

~

_

3

5
5

MAT ERIAL HANDLING LABORERS -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

-

“

2
2

-

5
5

3 .8 0
3 .8 5

~

3

4.3 1
4 .6 5

3 . 84
3 .9 4

-

-

9
9
-

1
1
-

3 .3 3 3 .5 0 -

1 37
95

-

-

“

2

9
9

-

S H I P P I N G PACKERS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

”

_
-

-

_
-

1
1

-

3 .6 4 4 .2 2 -

-

_
-

-

-

12
2
10

-

4 . 30
4 .6 0

-

-

12
12

27
22
5

_

4 .1 8
4 .5 8

-

5
5
-

-

225
80

_
-

4
3
1

-

ORDER F I L L E R S -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

17
-

_
-

-

-

5.6 1
6 .7 0
5 .3 5

2
2
-

-

4 .5 6
5 .2 2

3 .7 2 3 .8 6 3 .3 8 -

-

-

3
3

5 . 00
5 .0 3
4 .7 0

-

2
2

8
8

4 .8 9
5 . 10
4 .5 7

-

-

17

276
164
11 2

-

4

-

3
-

-

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 ----------------------------------

“

-

30
30

8

1

-

6
5
i

-

-

~
-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“
-

-

3
3
-

-

-

“

3
3

_
-

6
6
-

-

-

“

-

_

-

1
1

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

“

-

-




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., September 1978
S ex , 3 o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

of

S ex ,

occup atio n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average
(mean*)
hourly
earnings 4

M AT ER IAL MOVEMENT AND CUS TODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MA INTE NA NCE ' TOOLROOM' AND
POUERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
CARPENTERS ---------------------------

26

$
6 .9 2

MAINTENANCE E LE C T R IC IA N S ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

375
374

6 .7 8
6 .7 8

MAINTENANCE MA CH IN IS TS --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

173
173

6 .6 9
6 . 69

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M AC H IN ER Y! MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

8 98
882

6 . 79
6 . 81

MAINTENANCE

Number
of

S HI PPE RS

------------

AND RECEIVERS

MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUF ACTURING
ORDER F I L L E R S

67
49

4 .1 9

29

4 .4 0

2 60
161
99

4 .9 2
5 .1 1
4 .6 1

118

MANUFACTURING

4 .1 6
3 .5 9
3 .5 6

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ! -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

12 8
10 8

6 .5 0
6 .3 1

MANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------------

82
40

MIL LW RI GH TS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

97
97

6 .7 5
6 .7 5

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

1 .2 0 0
97 2

4 .6 5
4 .6 8

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS -----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

56
55

5 .1 8
5 . 22

MANUFACTURING

691
5 70

4 .7 9
4 .9 3

TOOL AND D I E MAKERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

60
60

6 . 77
6 .7 7

2 46
21 5

4 .0 0
3 .9 0

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

41
41

7 . 07
7 .0 7

MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

49 4
15 5
339

3 . 30
4 .4 8
2 .7 6

BOIL ER TENDERS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

38
38

5 .1 3
5 .1 3

GUARDS. CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

35 3
99
254

3 .2 2
4 .3 0
2 .8 0

521
27 8
24 3

3 .9 3
4 .7 3
3 .0 1

MA TE RIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTO DIA L
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

(OTHER THAN F O R K L I F T !
MANUFACTURING ------------

J A N I T O R S . PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

573
2 45
3 28

5 . 13
5 .1 2
5 .1 3

TRUCKORIVERS. L IG H T TRUCK --------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

54
37

4 .0 9
3 .4 2
---------------------------------------------

107

4 . 20

TRUCKORIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

269
103
16 6

4 .7 7
4 .8 7
4 .7 1

S H I P P I N G PACKERS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

55
55

4 .2 1
4 .2 1

TRU CKDRIVERS. TR A CT O R- TR A IL E R -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

215
90
1 25

5 .5 8
4 .7 2
6 .2 1

J A N I T O R S . PORTERS. AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

293
104
189

3 .2 0
3 .9 4
2 .7 9

SHIPPE RS ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

36
30

4 .7 1
4 .8 7

M AT ER IAL MOVEMENT AND CUS TODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

ORDER F I L L E R S

Sei

footnotes

a t end o f t a b l e s




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts,
for selected occupational groups in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., for selected periods
S e p t e m b e r 1972

A l l in d u s trie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ______________________________________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s _________________________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t w o r k e r s . __________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ________________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g __________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s __________________________ ________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s __________________________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t w o r k e r s . ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l _______________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g . ________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ________________________ _____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t w o r k e r s ______________________________

See f o o t n o t e s

a t end

S e p t e m b e r 1973

to

to

S e p t e m b e r 1973

In d u s tr y and o ccu p a tio n a l g ro up 5

S e p t e m b e r 1974

6 .2
(6 )
5.6
6.3
6 .8

9.3
9.5
9.5
8.3
10.3

S e p t e m b e r 1974 S e p t e m b e r 1975 S e p t e m b e r 1976 S e p t e m b e r 197 7
to

to

to

to

S e p t e m b e r 1975 S e p t e m b e r 1976 S e p t e m b e r 1977 S e p t e m b e r 1978

7.5
7.3
(‘ )
8.1
7.7

6.3
6 .8
(6 )
9.1
10.8

6.9
7.4

6 .5
1 0. 7

(6 )
8.6
8.3

(6 )
6 .7
9.1

8.9
(6 >
9.5
8.4
9 .2

(?)
( )
(6 )
8.1
8.7

7.4

8.6

7.5

(6 )
5.6
6.3
7.1

(?)
(6 )
9.1
10.5

(? )
(6 )
8.6
9.3

(?)
(6 )
6 .7
7.8

6.5

9 .7
(?)
(6 )
15.3

7.3
6.5

5.4
8.9

5.5
7.2

5.9

(6 )
(6 )
5 .2

(6 )
3.9

(?)
(6 )

(?)
(6 )

5 .8

of tab le s.

A r e v is e d d e s c r ip t io n f o r c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s is being in tro d u c e d in this a re a in
1978.
T h e r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n is n o t c o n s i d e r e d e q u i v a l e n t to the p r e v i o u s d e s c r i p t i o n .
T h e r e f o r e , th e e a r n i n g s o f c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s a r e n o t u s e d i n c o m p u t i n g p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s
f o r th e e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g g r o u p .

10

(? )
(?>
(6 )

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga.f September 1978

M in im u m w e ekly s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 7

A ll
schedules

EST AB LIS HM E NT S

ST UDIE D

-------------------------

11*

EST AB LIS HM E NT S HA VING A S P E C I F I E D
MINIMU M --------------------------------------------------------------

15

*9 5 .0 0
*9 7.5 0
*1 3 0 .0 0
*1 0 5 .0 0
*1 1 0 .0 0
*1 1 5 .0 0
*1 2 0 .0 0
*1 2 5 .0 0
*1 3 0 .0 0
*1 3 5 .0 0
*1 *0 .0 0
*1 *5 .0 0
*1 5 0 .0 0
*1 5 5 .0 0
*1 60 .00
*1 65 .00
*1 70 .00

AND UNDER * 9 7 . 5 0 ----------------------AND UNDER * 1 0 0 . 0 0 -------------------AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AN0
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER * 1 0 5 . 0 0 -----------------UNDER * 1 1 0 . 0 0 -----------------UNDER * 1 1 5 . 0 0 -----------------UNDER * 1 2 0 . 0 0 -----------------UNDER * 1 2 5 . 0 0 -----------------UNDER * 1 3 0 . 0 0 -----------------UNDER * 1 3 5 . 0 0 -----------------UNDER * 1 * 0 . 0 0 -----------------UNDER * 1 * 5 . 0 0 -----------------UNDER * 1 5 0 . 0 0 -----------------UNDER * 1 5 5 . 0 0 -----------------UNDER * 1 6 3 . 0 0 -----------------UNDER * 1 6 5 . 0 0 -----------------UNDER * 1 7 0 . 0 0 -----------------OVER ---------------------------------------

62

40

XXX

7

1

_

-

-

-

_

_

i
2
-

-

3
i
2
-

2
-

2
-

2
-

2
-

i
-

1
-

1
-

-

XXX

7

8

2

3

_

1
-

-

_

2
1
1
~
-

1
1
-

1
1
~
-

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 9 o f—

A ll
in d u s trie s
A ll
schedules

40

52

_

2
1
1
1
2
-

A ll
schedules

1
-

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 9 o f ----

A ll
in d u s trie s

O th e r i n e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 8

—

In e x p e rie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c tu rin g

40

A ll
schedules

40

37 Vi

62

XXX

52

XXX

XXX

*6

22

20

2*

16

4

1
2

-

1

1
1

-

1

-

3
9
4
4
7
i
5
1
4
i
i
i
i
i

1

1
1
4
1
4
i
3
1
~
1
1
1
“

3
8
4
2
3
~
1
“
”
”
“
~
~
~
i

6
4
2
2
“
1

2
1
~

1

~

ii*

2
4
1
4
i
4
i
1
i
i

”
“

1
~
~
~
~
~

“
-

-

-

-

"

-

EST A B LI S HM E NT S HA VING NO S P E C I F I E D
MIN IMU M ---------------------------------------------------------------

i*

9

XXX

5

XXX

*i

26

XXX

15

XXX

XXX

E ST A B LI S HM E NT S WHICH D ID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS I N T H I S CATEGORY -----------------------

85

*5

XXX

*0

XXX

27

1*

XXX

13

XXX

XXX

See fo o tn o te s

at end of tab le s .




11




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production
and related workers in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., September 1978
J [A U _ fu ll-tim e ^m a ru ifa c tu rin g j3 £ o d u £ tio n _ a n d _ re l^te d _ jw o rk e rs = _ 1 0 0 _ p e rce n t)

____
W o rk e rs on la te s h ifts

A l l w o r k e r s 10
Second s h ift

T h ir d sh ift

S ec o n d s h i f t

T h ir d s h ift

P R O V IS IO N S

93.6

00
*

PERCENT OF WORKERS
25.5

1 3 .0

WITH NO PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L FOR LATE S H I F T WORK
WITH PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L FOR L ATE S H I F T WORK ---UNIFORM CE NTS-PER-HOUR D I F F E R E N T I A L -------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------------------OTHER D I F F E R E N T I A L -----------------------------------------------------

2A .2
69.4
52.6
16.8

9 .5
75.2
59.0
16.2

6 .9
18.5
13.8
A .8

2 .2
10.8
8 .2
2 .6

12.3
7 .1

16.0
10.0

1 1.8
6 .6

1 A .O
10.0

IN

E STA BLI SH ME NTS

WITH L ATE

AVERAGE PAY

S HIFT

DIFFERENTIAL

UNIFORM CENTS-PE R-HO UR D I F F E R E N T I A L -----------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------------------------

UNIFORM p e r c e n t a g e :
A PERCENT -------------------------------------------------------------------5
PERCENT -----------------------------------------------------------------10 PERCENT ------------------------------------------------------------------

S ee f o o t n o t e s

2 .2
3 .B
.7
1 .1
A .5
1 .9
11.9
5. A
•8
-

10.0
-

1 .A
-

.9
7 .2
.2
•6

.7
9 .1
7 .0

at end of tab le s .

12

1 1.0
2 .2
A .3

.8
1 .2
.3
1 .5
•4

10. 1
-

2 .8
1 .3
.5
2 .8
.5
.2
1 .5
( 11 )

.6
8 .2

”

4.2

9 .3
3. A
3 .4
1 .3

_

16.2

.1

•4

2 .7
1 .6

p

UNIFORM c e n t s - p e r - h o u r :
A CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------5 CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------6 CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------7 CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------8 CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------9 CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------I D CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------12 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------13 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------1 A C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------------------15 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------16 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------17 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------18 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------19 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------2D CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------25 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------28 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------29 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------30 CENTS ----------------------------------------------------------------------

ro

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L

.7
.5
.4

.2
1 .1
.7
< u >
1 .0
“
.1
1 .0

_

2 .6

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., September 1978
O ffice w o rk e rs

P r o d u c t i o n an d r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

1 00

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o nm a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
ALL

FU LL-TIM E

WORKERS ------------------

25
28
30
32
32
35

HOURS—5 DAYS ---------------------------------------8 / 1 0 H 0 U R S -4 1 / 2 DAYS -----------------HOURS—5 DAYS ---------------------------------------1 / 2 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------3 / 4 HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------HOURS -------------------------------------------------------4 1 / 2 DAYS -------------------------------------------5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------36 1 / 4 HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------36
1 / 3 HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------36 2 / 3 HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------36 8 / 1 0 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------3 7 HOURS-5 0 A Y S ---------------------------------------37 1 / 2 HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------38 3 / 4 HOURS-5 DAYS ------------------------------38 8 / 1 0 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------3 9 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------------4 0 HOURS -------------------------------------------------------4 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------42 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------------4 4 HOURS -------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS ---------------------------------------------------5 1 / 2 DAYS -------------------------------------------45 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------------48 HOURS -------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------6 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------50 HOURS -------------------------------------------------------5 DAYS -----------------------------------------------------5 1 / 2 DAYS ---------------------------------------------

100
(12)
(12)
1
~
1
1
~
1

_
~

“
1
1
~

83
(1 2 )
83
( 12)
3
2
1
2
8
2
6
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

1
~
~
85
( 1 2)
85
( 12)
3
3

~

1
10
2
8
-

-

_

2
(12)
4

-

3
2
~
2
“
“
“

“
“

100

_
( 12)
2
2

(12)
( 12)
12
1

~

4
-

-

77

~
100

77
4
-

1 00
-

4
3
(12)
~
(1 2 )
1
(12)
(12)

26
3
2
1
54

54
_
_
_
_
_
(12)
(1 2 )

100

100

_
-

-

_
(1 2 )
3
3

(1 2 )
(1 2 )
19
2

-

9
7

37
1
3
1
34

85

85
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

34

•

(12 )
(12 )

100

_
_
_
_
_
45
55
_
55
_
_

_
_
~

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
A LL

WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES -----------------

See f o o t n o t e

40.6

41.0

40.0

3 9.3

a t en d o f t a b l e s .




13

38.8

3 9 .7

38.2

38.9

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., September 1978
O ffice w o rk e rs

P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A ll in du strie s

PERCENT
ALL

F ULL-TIM E

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l in d u s trie s

10 0

10 0

1 00

100

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

OF WORKERS
WORKERS -----------------

1 00

ESTA BLIS HME NTS NOT PRO VID IN G
PAI D HOL ID AYS --------------------------------------I N ESTAB LISH MEN TS PR O VI DI NG
P AI D HOLIOA YS ---------------------------------------

6

4

12

-

<12)

94

96

88

10 0

99

100

8. 3

8. 7

6 .7

9. A

8 .4

8 .7

1
1
11

1
7

100

100

100

-

(1 2 )

-

99

100

8 .2

9. A

IN

AVERAGE

NUMBER OF P A I D

HOLIDAYS

FOR WORKERS I N ESTAB LISH MEN TS
P ROV IDING HO LID AYS ---------------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF P A I D HOL IOAYS PROVIDED
I HOL IDAY ----------------------------------------------------A HOLID AYS --------------------------------------------------5 H O L I D A Y S -------- -----------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY --------------------------------6 HOL IOAYS --------------------------------------------------7 HOLID AYS --------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY --------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS -----------------------------PLUS 3 HALF DAYS -----------------------------8 HOLID AYS --------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY --------------------------------9 HOLIOAYS --------------------------------------------------10 HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------------------I I HOLID AYS ------------------------------------------------12
HOLIDAYS -----------------------------------------------

6
-

-

24
16
6
-

2

-

-

12
13
?
-

11
15
2

-

ii
(121
3
22
10
R

9
3
24
12
11

15
<121
6
1A
1

6
69
4

94
93
9?
81
81
69
56
54
44
40
18
8

96
96
95
87
87
76
61
59
50
47
23
11

88
82
82
58
58
A2
36
36
20
15
1

10 0
10 0
10 0
98
98
95
95
95
79
73
4

4
-

“
16
-

3
2

i
5
<121
10
10
3
<121
<121
19
<12)
17
26
6
2

20
21
1A
4

99
99
99
94
93
83
73
70
51
34
8
2

10 0
10 0
97
95
95
88
70
68
59
39
18
4

-

7
18
2
-

9
-

-

-

7

7
1
11
6
3
< 12 )
(1 2 )
25
(1 2 )
16
30
1

4
72
6

99
99
99
93
92
80
75
72
46
30
i

100
100
100
93
93
88
88
88
82
78
6

-

5
-

7
-

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TOTAL
P A I D HO LID AY TI ME P R O V I D E D 13
I
A
5
5
6
7
7
8
9
10
II
12

DAY OR MORE -------------------------------------------DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------------DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------------1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------------DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------------1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------------OAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------------DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------DAYS ---------------------------------------------------------

See f o o t n o t e s

at

end of ta b le s .




14

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., September 1978
O ffic e w o rk e rs

P r o d u c t i o n an d r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A l l in d u s trie s

PERCENT
ALL

M a n u la c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

WORKERS --------------

EST AB LIS HM E NT S NOT P R 0 V I D I N 6
P A I D VAC ATI ONS --------------------------------I N EST AB LIS HM E NT S P R 0 V I D I N 6
P AI D VAC ATI ONS --------------------------------L E N G T H - O F - T I M E PAYMENT -----------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT ---------------------

6

1

OF

PAID

VAC ATI O N

:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------------of

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

<12)

-

2

99
69
31

100

21
10
1

25
7

7
19

1

-

100
100

1

64
36

98
87

11

100

100

.

100

98

95
5

100

100
100

100
100

2

3
48
4

.

100

100

2

A F T E R : 1'

MONTHS OF S E R V I C E :
UNDER 1 WEEK -------------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ------------------------------------year

M a n u fa c tu rin g

OF WORKERS

F U LL-TIM E

IN

AMOUNT

A ll in du strie s

8
41
7

6

4
64
4
4

(1 2 )

30
( 12)
69

64

60

8

67
(1 2 )
5

~

s e r v ic e

2 YEARS OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------------3 YEARS OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------------4 YEARS OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------------5 YEARS OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ----------------------------------------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS --------------------------------------

Se e f o o t n o t e s

at

en d

81
3
16
( 12)

81

2
16
~

80
3
14

52
41
7

2

1
-

26
(1 2 )
73

1

48
-

48
4

(1 2 )

60
3
35

1

29

1
65

2
2
29

1

68

32

8

4
27

64

“
84
7

1

34

2
60

2
2
34

2

65
3

60
2

2

2

_

12
84

93
7

2

12

_

14
( 12)
85
i
( 12)

27

5

72
-

9*
i

96
4

(1 2 )

”

“

5

1

9

“

-

2

-

-

-

94

89

97

1
1
4

-

1

3

~

8

~

-

-

-

84
16

94

90

2

2
_

“

-

_
-

93
7
-

_

11

1

76

10

10

85
3
9

-

81
16
3

15

97

-

1

93
7

i

9
7B
3

2

(1 2 )

82
3

of tab le s.




1

35

3

-

-

i
83
9
7

3
82

(12 )

1

-

14

84
14
2

90
7
3

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., September 1978— Continued
P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk e rs

Item
A ll in d u s trie s

AMOUNT OF P A I D
CONTINUED

VACATION

y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
1 WEEK --------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS
A WEEKS -------------------------------------

15 YEARS OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK --------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS
A WEEKS ------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS ------------------------------------20

25

30

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

3
2
36
2
50
(12)
7

4
2
3A
1
49
9

1
“
A1
2
53
1
(1 2 )

3
3A
2
41
3
17

4
34
i
36
3
21

1
3A
2
57
1
3

5
8
79
7

1
15
57
~
23
1

5
A6
”
Al
7

-

3
21
40
5
29
( 12)
1

4
22
35
6
31

YEARS OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------A WEEKS ------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS -------------------------------------

3
20
25
30
1
19

4
21
20
30
1
24

YEARS OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------A WEEKS ------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS ------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS
6 WEEKS -------------------------------------

3
19
26
15
( 12)
32
1
2

4
21
20
15

3
19
26
13
(1 2 )
30
1
4
1

4
21
20
13

8
73
7

-

1
ii
49
15
1
21
-

YEARS OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------A WEEKS ------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS ------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS
b WEEKS ------------------------------------7 WEEKS -------------------------------------

H

1
15
A5
31
1
4

See f o o t n o t e s

1

-

35
1
3

-

33
1
6
2

"
-

5
“
87
7

5
“
17
7
70
“

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

( 1 2)
~
25
( 12>
71
( 12 )
3

1
31

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

5
“
17
7
70
~

1
11
49
15
1
21
~

16

(1 2 )
-

8

21
1
78
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

( 12>
22
( 1 2)
71
1
6

i
31
5A
2
13

(12 )
16
(1 2 )
81
(1 2 )
2

(12)
12
61
8
18
(12)
1

1
21
44
4
29
2

(1 2 )
5
72
10
12
(1 2 )
~

(12)
11
25
59
( 1 2)
5

1
20
26
40
13

(1 2 )
5
2A
70
(12)

(12)
10
2A
A6
(12)
19

1
20
25
23

(1 2 )
4
23
61
( 12 )
12

60

31
~
'

a t end o f ta b le s .




P u b lic u tilitie s

AFTER

10 YEARS OF S E R V I C E !
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER A WEEKS
A WEEKS -------------------------------------12

M a n ufa c tu rin g

(12)
10
2A
46
(12)
18
*
2

1
20
25
23
~
26
“
4

-

16
3
78
4

12
3
82
4
“

12
35
_
50
4

.
12
85
4

~

12
-

10
4
7A
-

~

(1 2 )
4
23
61
(1 2 )
12

12
-

10
4
74
-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., September 1978— Continued
O ffic e w o rk e rs

P r o d u c t i o n a nd r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A ll in d u s trie s

AMOUNT OF P A I D
CONTINUED

V AC ATI ON

A F T E R 14

at

P u b lic u tilitie s

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

3
19
26
13
( 12)
25
1
9
i
1

A
21
20
13
~
26
1
11
1
2

5

1
11
49
15
1
20
1
-

17
7
66
4
-

end of t a b le s .




A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u f a c t u r in g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

-

MAXIMUM VAC ATIO N A V A I L A B L E !
1 WEEK ------------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------A WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ------------5 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ------------6 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------7 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------8 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------------

S ee f o o t n o t e s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

17

( 12)
10
2A
46
<12)
16

1
20
25
23
-

(12)
4
23
61
(12)
12
-

4

9

1

6

_

-

-

-

22

12
-

10
4
68
-

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., September 1978
O ffic e w o rk e rs

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Ite m
A l l in d u s trie s

PERCENT

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

OF WORKERS
WORKERS -------------------------

IDO

I N E ST AB LIS HH EN TS P RO VI DI NG AT
LEAST ONE OF THE B E N E F I T S
SHOWN BELOW15-----------------------------------------------------

97

98

94

L I F E INSURANCE -----------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---------------------------

96
64

96
64

94
66

AC CIDE NTAL DEATH ANO
DISNENBERMENT I N S U R A N C E ------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---------------------------

69
47

67
46

76
49

SICKNESS
OR S IC K

84

87

67
50

77
60

ALL

P u b lic u tilitie s

FU LL-TIN E

AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
LEAVE OR BO TH 16---------------------------

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE ----------------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---------------------S IC K LEAVE ( F U L L PAY AND NO
W A IT IN G P E R I O D ! --------------------------------------S IC K LEAVE ( P A R T I A L PAY OR
U A I T I N G P E R I O D ! ---------------------------------------

100

100

100

99

99

100

97
57

99
51

100
96

65
47

70
43

61
49

100
96

75

87

69

98

100

31
22

30
22

42
30

22
17

16
13

100

1 00

100

100

1 00

99

100
94

99
54

100
94

73

32
15

8

2

30

18

63

38

78

53

13

9

26

34

15

6

20

40

LONG-TERM D I S A B I L I T Y
INSURANCE --------------------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---------------------------

26
22

24
23

31
20

34
34

43
29

36
18

48
35

44
44

H O S P I T A L I Z A T I O N INSURANCE ---------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---------------------------

97
63

98
64

91
59

100
94

99
53

99
48

99
56

100
92

SURGICAL INSURANCE --------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---------------------------

97
63

98
64

91
59

100
94

99
53

99
48

99
56

100
92

MEDICAL INSURANCE ----------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---------------------------

95
62

97
64

86
55

100
94

98
53

98
48

98
56

100
92

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE --------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---------------------------

88
54

89
53

87
59

1 00
94

97
51

95
43

98
56

100
92

DENTAL INSURANCE ------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---------------------------

22
17

19
16

30
19

74
74

41
24

18
15

56
30

72
72

RETIREMENT PEN SION --------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ---------------------------

67
62

68
66

66
48

58
55

84
75

75
66

90
81

62
59

See f o o t n o t e s

at end of tab le s.




18

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., September 1978
P ro d u c tio n and re la te d w o rk e rs

A ll
p la n s 1

TYPE

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p la n s 17

A ll
plans 1

M a n ufa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s trie s

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p l a n s 17

A ll
p la n s 1

None o n t r i b u t o r y
p la n s 17

A ll
p lans 1

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p l a n s 17

OF PL AN AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE

ALL F U L L - T I M E WORKERS ARE PR OVIDED THE SAME
F L A T - S U M DOLLAR AMOUNT!
PERCENT OF A L L F U L L - T I M E W O R K E R S ----------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE P R O V I D E D ! 19
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -----------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER CE NT) -------MIDD LE RANGE ( 8 0 PER CE NT) --------

77
*5 .0 0 0
*5 .0 0 0
* 3 .0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
* 2 . 000- 8 .0 0 0

53
*5 .5 0 0
*5 .0 0 0
* 3 . 5 0 0 - 7 .0 0 0
* 2. 0 00 - 8 . 0 0 0

83
*5*200
*5 .0 0 0
* 3 . 0 0 0 - 7 .0 0 0
* 2 . 000- 8 .0 0 0

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A S P E C I F I E D LENGTH OF S E R V I C E !
PERCENT OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WORKERS18-----------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE P R O V I O E D 19 A FTE R!
6
MONTHS OF S E R V I C E !
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -----------------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER CENT) ---------------MIDD LE RANGE ( 8 0 PER CENT) ---------------1 YEAR OF S E R V I C E !
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -----------------------------------------------------------MI DD LE RANGE ( 5 0 PER CE NT) ---------------MI DD LE RANGE ( 8 0 PER CENT) ---------------5 YEARS OF S E R V I C E !
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -----------------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER CE NT) ---------------MIDOL E RANGE ( 8 0 PER CE NT) --------------1 0 YEARS OF S E R V I C E !
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -----------------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANGE ( 5 0 PER CE NT) ---------------MIDOLE RANGE ( 8 0 PER CE NT) ---------------2 0 YEARS OF S E R V I C E !
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------HEOIAN -----------------------------------------------------------MIDD LE RANGE ( 5 0 PER CENT) ---------------MIDD LE RANGE ( 8 0 PER CENT) ----------------

See f o o t n o t e s

O ffice w o r k e r s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in du strie s

at

end o f ta b le s .




19

56
*5 .6 0 0
*5 .0 0 0
* 4 .0 0 0 - 7 .0 0 0
* 2 . 000- 10.0 0 0

34
*5 .4 0 0
*5 .0 0 0
* 3 . 0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
*2 .5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

21
*5 .5 0 0
*5 .0 0 0
* 3 . 0 0 0 - 6 .0 0 0
*2 .5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

49
*5 .3 0 0
*5 .0 0 0
* 3 . 0 0 0 - 7 .0 0 0
*2 .5 0 0 -1 0 *0 0 0

33
*5 .6 0 0
*5 .0 0 0
* 3 .0 0 0 - 7 .0 0 0
* 2 .5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., September 1978— Continued
P ro d u c tio n and re la te d w o rk e rs

O ffice w o r k e r s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in du strie s

Item
A ll
p la n s 1
7

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p l a n s 17

A ll
p l a n s 17

4

1

2

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p l a n s 17

A ll
p la n s 17

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p l a n s 17

A ll
p l a n s 17

N o n c o n trib u to ry
p l a n s 17

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INSU RA NC E-C O NT IN UE D

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A S P E C I F I E D AMOUNT OF E A R N I N 6 S :
PERCENT OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WORKERS18--------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDED 19I F :
ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 5 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -------------------------------------------------------------MIOOLE RANGE < 5 0 PERCENT) -----------------MIDDLE RANGE < 8 0 PERCENT) -----------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE $ 1 0 , 0 0 0 :
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN --------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE < 5 0 PERCENT) -----------------HIDOL E RANGE <8 0 PERCENT) -----------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE $ 1 5 , 0 0 0 :
m e a n ------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN --------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <5 0 PERCENT) ------------------MIODLE RANGE <8 0 PERCENT) ------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE $ 2 0 , 0 0 0 :
M E A N ------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN --------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <5 0 PERCENT) ------------------MIDDLE RANGE <8 0 PERCENT) -------------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S EXPRESSED AS A FACTOR OF
ANNUAL E A R N I N G S : 20
PERCENT OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WORKERS 18---------------------FACTOR OF ANNUAL EARNINGS USEO TO CALCULATE
AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E : 1920
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE < 5 0 PERCENT) -------------------MIDDLE RANGE <8 0 PERCENT) -------------------PERCENT OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS NOT S P E C I F Y I N G A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE ------------------------------------------------------------------------PERCENT OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS S P E C I F Y I N G A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE ------------------------------------------------------------------------S P E C I F I E D MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF INS UR A NC E : 19
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------------MIODLE RANGE <5 0 PERCENT) -------------------MIODLE RANGE <8 0 PERCENT) --------------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S 8ASED
OF p l a n :
PERCENT OF A L L F U L L - T I M E

Se e f o o t n o t e s

$ 7,100
$8,0 00
$ 5 ,0 0 0 - 8 .4 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0

<6 >
<6 )
< 6>
<6 )

$ 6 ,9 00
$ 8 ,4 00
$ 5 * 0 0 0 - 8*400
$ 5 ,0 0 0 - 8 .4 0 0

$ 14,600
$ 15 ,00 0
$ 1 4 ,0 0 0 -1 7 .5 0 0
$ 7 ,5 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

<6 )
<6 )
<6 )
<6)

$13 ,20 0
$ 17 ,50 0
$ 7 ,5 0 0 -1 7 .5 0 0
$ 7,5 00 -1 7*5 0 0

$19 ,30 0
$20 ,00 0
$ 2 0 ,0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0
$ 10 ,00 0-30 .00 0

<6 )
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

$15*700
$ 20 ,00 0
$ 1 0 ,0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0
$ 10 ,00 0-20 *0 00

$ 25,600
$ 20 ,00 0
*2 0.0 00 -3 5.0 00
*1 5.0 00 -4 2.0 00

<6 )
<6 )
<6 )
<6)

$17*900
$20*000
$15*000-20*000
$ 15 *00 0 -2 0*0 00

14

1 . 16
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -1 .5 0

14

10

1 .0 6
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -1 .5 0

10

_

1 .1 5
<6 )
<6 >
(6)

-

_

-

8

<6 )
(6)
<6 )
<6 )

8

-

-

-

<6 )
(6 )
<6)
<6 )

“

-

-

~

“

< 12 )

-

-

*7 .3 0 0
*7 .5 0 0
*5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
*5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

*7 .3 0 0
$5,000
*5 .0 0 0 -1 0 *0 0 0
$5*000-10*000

*8*300
$ 1 0 * 00 0
$7 * 500- 1 0.0 00
*5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

*1 5.3 00
*1 5 .0 0 0
*1 3.0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0
*1 0.0 00 -2 0.0 00

$12*700
*1 1.0 00
$7*500-15*000
$7*500-20*000

$16*600
*2 0.0 00
$1 5 , 000- 2 0 .0 00
*1 1.0 00 -2 0.0 00

$ 19 .60 0
$20 ,00 0
*1 0 .0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0
* 1 0.0 00 -3 0.0 00

*2 1 .7 0 0
*2 0 .0 0 0
*1 6.0 00 -3 0.0 00
*1 5 .0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

*1 7 .5 0 0
$15*000
$10*000-20*000
$10*000-30*000

*2 3 .5 0 0
$30.000
*1 5 .0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0
*1 5 *0 0 0 -3 0 .0 0 0

$26 ,10 0
$21 ,00 0
$ 15 ,00 0-30 .00 0
*1 5 .0 0 0 -5 0 .0 0 0

-

<1 2 )

7

17

$ 14 ,20 0
$ 15 ,00 0
$ 7 ,5 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0
$ 7 ,5 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

_
-

ii

5

$ 7,6 00
$ 5,0 00
$ 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
$ 5 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

-

11

*3 0 .6 0 0
*2 3 .0 0 0
*2 0 .0 0 0 -5 0 .0 0 0
*2 0 .0 0 0 -5 0 .0 0 0

$25*600
$21*000
$ 15*000-25*000
$ 1 5 *0 0 0 -5 0 .0 0 0

* 3 6 . 1U0
* 5 0 .0 00
*2 1 .0 0 0 -5 0 .0 0 0
*2 1.0 00 -5 0.0 00

55

1.9 1
2 .0 0
2 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -3 .0 0

32

23
*1 70 .50 0
*1 50 .00 0
*1 0 0 .0 0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0 0
*1 0 0 .0 0 0 -5 0 0 .0 0 0

28

1-81
2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -3 .0 0

12

31

1 .7 2
2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -3 .0 0

24

16
*2 0 7 .2 0 0
<6)
<6)
<6>

17

1 .4 5
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

12

5

7
*1 07 .80 0
*1 00 .00 0
*7 5 .0 0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0 0
*7 5 .0 0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0 0

<6
<6
<6
<6

-

-

ON SOME OTHER TYPE
WORKERS18---------------------

(12)

a t end o f tab le s .




9

20

1

1

)
)
)
)

Footnotes

S o m e o f t h e s e s ta n d a r d fo o t n o t e s m a y n ot a p p ly to th is b u lle tin .

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g ­
u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly
h ou rs.
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f
a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s i g ­
n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e ­
c e i v e th e s a m e o r l e s s th a n th e ra te sh ow n . T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d
b y tw o r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a rn the s a m e o r l e s s than
th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a nd a fo u r th e a r n the s a m e o r m o r e th an the
h ig h e r r a te .
3
E a r n in g s d a ta r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ific a t io n w a s
p r o v id e d b y th e e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4
E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la t e s h if t s .
5
E s t im a t e s f o r p e r i o d s en d in g p r i o r to 1976 r e la t e to m e n o n ly f o r
s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e and u n s k ille d pla n t w o r k e r s .
A ll o t h e r e s t im a t e s r e ­
la te t o m e n a nd w o m e n .
6
D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a o r data n ot a v a ila b le .
7 F o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e h ir in g s a l ­
a r i e s th at a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
8
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s s u ch as m e s s e n g e r .
9
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r
th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
10 I n c lu d e s a ll p r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h i f t s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v is io n s
c o v e r la te s h i f t s , e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e n ot c u r r e n t ly
o p e r a t in g la te s h if t s .
11 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
12 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
13 A l l c o m b in a t io n s o f fu ll and h a lf d a y s that add to the s a m e a m ou n t;
f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
r e c e iv in g a t o t a l o f 10 da ys
in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith
10 f u ll d a y s and no h a lf d a y s , 9 fu ll d a y s and 2
h a lf d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on .
P r o p o r t io n s th en
w e r e c u m u la te d .




14 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o t h e r than "le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h as p e r c e n t a g e
o f ann ual e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t tim e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and do n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f le c t
in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p le , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s
at 10 y e a r s in c lu d e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la ­
t i v e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e lig ib le f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a ft e r 10 y e a r s
in c lu d e s t h o s e e lig ib le f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
15 E s t im a t e s lis t e d a ft e r ty p e o f b e n e f it a re f o r a ll p la n s f o r w h ich
at le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p lo y e r .
" N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y
p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y the e m p lo y e r . E x c lu d e d a re
l e g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , s u c h as w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r it y , and r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
16 U n d u p lic a te d to t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and
a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a re lim it e d to
t h o s e w h ic h d e f in it e ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' pay
th at e a c h e m p lo y e e ca n e x p e c t . I n fo r m a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d
on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
17 E s t im a t e s u n d e r " A l l p la n s " r e la t e to a ll p la n s f o r w h ich at le a s t
a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r . E s t im a t e s u n d e r " N o n c o n t r ib ­
u to r y p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y th e e m p lo y e r .
18 F o r " A l l i n d u s t r i e s , " a ll f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s
o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s e q u a l 100 p e r c e n t .
F o r " M a n u f a c t u r in g ," a ll f u ll- t i m e
p r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu r in g e q u a l 100
p ercen t.
19 T h e m e a n a m ou n t is c o m p u te d b y m u lt ip ly in g the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
p r o v id e d in s u r a n c e b y th e a m ou n t o f in s u r a n c e p r o v id e d , to ta lin g th e p r o d ­
u c t s , and d iv id in g th e s u m b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n in d ic a t e s
that h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s a r e p r o v id e d an a m ou n t e q u a l to o r s m a lle r and h a lf
an a m ou n t e q u a l to o r l a r g e r th an th e a m ou n t s h o w n . M id d le ra n ge (50 p e r ­
c e n t)— a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v id e d an a m ou n t e q u a l to o r l e s s than
th e s m a l l e r a m o u n t and a fo u r t h a r e p r o v id e d an a m ou n t e q u a l to o r m o r e
th an th e l a r g e r a m o u n t. M id d le ra n g e (80 p e r c e n t ) — 10 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k ­
e r s a r e p r o v id e d an a m ou n t e q u a l to o r l e s s than the s m a l l e r a m ou n t and 10
p e r c e n t a r e p r o v id e d an a m ou n t e q u a l to o r m o r e th an th e l a r g e r a m ou n t.
20 A f a c t o r o f ann ual e a r n in g s is the n u m b e r b y w h ic h annual e a r n in g s
a r e m u lt ip lie d to d e t e r m in e th e a m o u n t o f in s u r a n c e p r o v id e d . F o r e x a m p le ,
a f a c t o r o f 2 in d ic a t e s that f o r ann ual e a r n in g s o f $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 the a m ou n t o f
in s u r a n c e p r o v id e d is $ 20, 0 0 0 .

21




Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In e a c h o f th e 75 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , th e B u r e a u o b ta in s
w a g e s and r e la t e d b e n e f it s d a ta f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in
s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n ,
and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e ,
a nd r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t io n
and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s a r e e x c lu d e d . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g f e w e r th an a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f fic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d . A p p e n d ix ta b le 1 s h o w s th e n u m b e r
o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s e s t im a t e d to b e w ith in th e s c o p e o f th is
s u r v e y , as w e ll as th e n u m b e r a c t u a lly s tu d ie d .
B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s o b ta in data b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at 3 - y e a r
i n t e r v a l s . In e a c h o f th e tw o in t e r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t
and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s o n ly is c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l
v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t io n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e in t e r v ie w f r o m
e s t a b lis h m e n t s
p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

A s a m p le o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y is
s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y p r i o r to e a c h p e r s o n a l v is it s u r v e y .
T h is s a m p le , l e s s
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h g o ou t o f b u s in e s s o r a r e no lo n g e r w ith in th e in d u s t r ia l
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , is r e t a in e d f o r th e fo llo w in g tw o an n u a l s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b lis h m e n t s n e w t o th e a r e a a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d in th e s c o p e
o f th e s u r v e y u n til th e s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p le f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d s t r a t ifi c a t io n o f a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y
a nd n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m th is
s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y
s a m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t h av in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e
o f s e le c tio n .
T o o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t io n o f l a r g e th an s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e le c t e d .
W h en d a ta a r e
c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ilit y o f
s e l e c t i o n s o th a t u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a te d .
F o r e x a m p le , i f on e
ou t o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lte r n a te o f th e s a m e o r ig i n a l p r o b a b ilit y is
c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f data a r e n ot a v a ila b le
f r o m th e o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If n o s u ita b le su b s titu te is a v a ila b le ,
a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s i g n e d t o a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the
m i s s i n g unit.

O c c u p a tio n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g t y p e s : (1)
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4 ) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to take
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e jo b .
O c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g the jo b title s
a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d . E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t io n s
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w ith in th e s c o p e o f the
s u r v e y , a re n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s b e c a u s e e it h e r (1) e m p lo y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r it p r e s e n ­
ta t io n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t
d a ta . S e p a r a t e m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d w hen the
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n ot id e n t ifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f th e m e n
o r w o m e n id e n t ifie d in an o c c u p a t io n .
E a r n in g s data n o t sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly
f o r in d u s t r y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in da ta f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r o c c u p a t io n s w ith m o r e than on e l e v e l , da ta a r e in clu d e d in
th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a s u b c la s s i f i c a t i o n is n ot sh o w n o r in fo r m a tio n
t o s u b c l a s s i f y is n o t a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s da ta a r e sh ow n f o r f u ll- t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a rn in g s
d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u rs f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r to the s ta n d a rd
w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s
a r e r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o ll a r . V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in the d is t r ib u t io n
o f w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s in d ic a t e a ch a n g e in th e s iz e o f the c la s s
in te r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the le v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
tim e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l
jo b s a r e a ff e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y ch a n g e ,
o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n ce to b e t t e r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t o o u ld d e c r e a s e an
1
Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a in c r e a s e
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, V a.—N .C .;
w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r . C h a n g es in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , sh ow n in
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y . ; and Utica—Rome, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more
ta b le A - 7, a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s ch a n g e s f o r
limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .
the U. S. Department of Labor.




A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s . I n d u s t r ie s
and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s t a f fin g , and th u s c o n tr ib u te
d iffe r e n t ly to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e d if f e r e n t ia l a m o n g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

E le c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g 2
C o m p u te r s y s t e m s
a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s
A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s
sh o u ld n ot b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d if f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n tr ib u te t o d i f f e r e n c e s
in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s
(o n ly th e r a t e s p a id
in cu m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u se d to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in
s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s
R e g is t e r e d in d u s t r ia l
n u rses
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e
C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f th e s tu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h ese
d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n ot a ff e c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s da ta .

P e r c e n t ch a n g e s f o r in d iv ic
as f o llo w s :

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e —
C o n tin u e d
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s (m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s (m o t o r v e h i c l e )
P ip e fitt e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d p la n t
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h an d lin g l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m a r e

c o m p u te d

1.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o c c u p a t io n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in t h o s e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h a r e in th e
s u r v e y b o th y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d th a t e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a in s u n ch a n g e d .

2.

E a c h o c c u p a t io n is a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d o n it s
p r o p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in
the b a s e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a re u s e d to c o m p u te g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c o m p u t e d in s te p 1)
is m u lt ip lie d b y its w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d
to o b ta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a tio o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
c o m p u te d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt —
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

W a ge t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on ch a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g
the tr e n d jo b s in b o th th e c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e da ta a r e a d ju s te d t o r e m o v e th e e f f e c t on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p lo y ­
m en t s h ifts a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a ff e c t e d b y
f a c t o r s o t h e r th an w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y
a ffe c t an e s t a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t io n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p a id
u n d er p la n s p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s . In p e r io d s
o f in c r e a s e d h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n e w e m p lo y e e s m a y e n t e r at th e b o t t o m
o f the r a n g e , d e p r e s s in g th e a v e r a g e w ith o u t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

T h e p e r c e n t ch a n g e s r e la t e t o w a g e ch a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a t e d
d a te s . W h en th e t im e spa n b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r th an 12 m o n th s , ann ual
ra te s a r e sh o w n .
(It is a s s u m e d th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s ta n t ra te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d to
t h e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , "
L a b o r R e v ie w , J a n u a ry 19 7 3, p p . 5 2 - 5 7 .

co m p u te
M o n th ly

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T h e in c id e n c e o f s e le c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v is io n s is s tu d ie d f o r f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s and
o ffic e w o rk e rs .
P r o d u c t io n and r e la t e d w o r k e r s ( r e f e r r e d t o h e r e a f t e r as
p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s ) in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w ork ers
(in clu d in g g r o u p le a d e r s and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in f a b r i c a t in g ,
p r o c e s s i n g , a s s e m b lin g , in s p e c t i o n , r e c e i v i n g , s t o r a g e , h a n d lin g , p a c k ­
in g , w a r e h o u s in g , s h ip p in g , m a in t e n a n c e , r e p a i r , ja n i t o r i a l and g u a r d s e r ­
v i c e s , p r o d u c t d e v e lo p m e n t , a u x ilia r y p r o d u c t io n f o r p la n t 's o w n
u se
( e . g . , p o w e r p la n t ), and r e c o r d k e e p in g and o t h e r s e r v i c e s c l o s e l y a s s o c i ­
a te d w ith the a b o v e p r o d u c t io n o p e r a t i o n s .
( C a f e t e r ia and r o u te w o r k e r s

O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to c o m p u te w a g e t r e n d s a r e :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — C o n tin u e d

S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten og ra p h ers, g en era l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is ts , c la s s e s
A and B
F il e c l e r k s , c l a s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen gers
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

O r d e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A c c o u n t in g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o l l c le r k s
K ey e n try o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B




2
The earnings of computer operators are not included in the wage trend computation ior this group
A revised job description is being introduced in this survey which is not equivalent to the previous description.

24

a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s but in clu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s t r ie s .)
In fin a n c e and in s u r a n c e , no w o r k e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d to b e
p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s . O f f ic e w o r k e r s in c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s
(in c lu d in g le a d w o r k e r s and t r a i n e e s ) p e r f o r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d o f f i c e fu n c tio n s in s u c h d e p a r tm e n ts as a c c o u n t in g ,
a d v e r t is in g , p u r c h a s in g , c o l l e c t i o n , c r e d it , fin a n c e , le g a l, p a y r o l l , p e r s o n n e l,
s a l e s , in d u s t r ia l r e la t io n s , p u b lic r e la t io n s , e x e c u t iv e , o r t r a n s p o r t a t io n .
A d m in is t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and p a r t -t im e e m p lo y e e s as w e ll
a s c o n s t r u c t io n w o r k e r s u t iliz e d as s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m
b o th th e p r o d u c t io n and o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r ie s .

w r it te n f o r m o r e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m ) . H o lid a y s a r e in c lu d e d ev e n th ou gh
in a p a r t ic u la r y e a r th e y fa ll on a n o n w o r k d a y and e m p lo y e e s a r e not
g r a n te d a n o th e r d a y o f f .
P a id p e r s o n a l h o lid a y p la n s , t y p ic a lly foun d in
th e a u t o m o b ile and r e la t e d in d u s t r ie s , a r e in c lu d e d as p a id h o lid a y s .
D ata a r e ta b u la te d to s h o w th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s w ho (1) a re
g r a n te d s p e c i f i c n u m b e r s o f w h o l e . and h a lf h o lid a y s and (2) a re g ra n te d
s p e c ifie d
a m ou n ts o f to t a l h o lid a y t im e
(w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a re
a g g r e g a t e d ).
P a id v a c a t io n s (ta b le B - 5 ) . E s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t th e ir m e th o d o f
c a lc u la tin g v a c a t io n p a y (tim e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , f la t - s u m
p a y m e n t , e t c . ) and th e a m ou n t o f v a c a t io n p a y g r a n te d .
O n ly b a s ic f o r m a l
p la n s a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a tio n b o n u s e s , v a c a t io n - s a v in g s p la n s , and " e x te n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s i c plains a r e e x c lu d e d .

M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s (ta b le B - l ) . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e la t e o n ly to the e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . B e c a u s e o f the
o p t im u m s a m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d and the p r o b a b ilit y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e li k e l y th a n s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts to h ave f o r m a l e n tr a n c e
r a te s a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , th e ta b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d iu m and l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
(T h e " X ' s " sh ow n u n d e r s ta n d a r d
w e e k ly h o u r s in d ic a t e th a t n o m e a n in g fu l to t a ls a r e a p p lic a b le .)

F o r ta b u la tin g v a c a t io n p a y g r a n te d , a ll p r o v i s i o n s a re e x p r e s s e d
on a t im e b a s i s .
V a c a tio n p a y c a lc u la t e d on o t h e r th an a tim e b a s is is
c o n v e r t e d to its e q u iv a le n t tim e p e r io d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
f o r e x a m p le , is ta b u la te d as 1 w e e k 's v a c a t io n p a y .

S h ift d i f f e r e n t ia ls — m a n u fa c tu r in g (ta b le B - 2 ) . D a ta w e r e c o l l e c t e d
o n p o l i c i e s o f m a n u fa c t u r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e g a r d in g p a y d if f e r e n t ia ls f o r
p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s on la te s h if t s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts c o n s i d e r e d as h a v in g
p o l i c i e s a r e t h o s e w h ic h (1 ) h a v e p r o v is io n s in w r it in g c o v e r i n g th e o p e r a t io n
o f la te s h if t s , o r (2 ) h a v e o p e r a t e d la te s h ifts at any t im e d u rin g th e 12
m o n th s p r e c e d in g a s u r v e y . W h en e s t a b lis h m e n t s have s e v e r a l d if f e r e n t ia ls
w h ic h v a r y b y j o b , th e d if f e r e n t ia l a p p ly in g to the m a jo r it y o f th e p r o d u c t io n
w o r k e r s is r e c o r d e d .
W h en e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v e d if f e r e n t ia ls w h ic h a p p ly
o n ly t o c e r t a in h o u r s o f w o r k , th e d if f e r e n t ia l a p p lyin g t o the m a j o r i t y o f
th e s h ift h o u r s is r e c o r d e d .

A l s o , p r o v i s i o n s a ft e r e a c h s p e c i f i e d le n g th o f s e r v i c e a re r e la t e d
to a ll p r o d u c t io n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f len gth o f
s e r v i c e . V a c a tio n p la n s c o m m o n ly p r o v id e f o r a l a r g e r a m ou n t o f v a c a t io n
p a y as s e r v i c e le n g th e n s . C ou n ts o f p r o d u c t io n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s b y len gth
o f s e r v i c e w e r e n o t o b ta in e d .
T h e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n pay g ra n te d
p r e s e n t , t h e r e f o r e , s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e s o f t h e s e p r o v i s i o n s r a th e r than
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e f it s .

F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is s tu d y , a la te s h ift is e it h e r a s e c o n d (e v e n in g )
s h ift w h ic h en d s at o r n e a r m id n ig h t o r a th ir d (nigh t) s h ift w h ic h s ta r t s at
o r n e a r m id n ig h t .
D if f e r e n t ia ls f o r s e c o n d and t h ir d s h ifts a re s u m m a r iz e d s e p a r a t e ly
f o r ( l ) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s t a b lis h m e n t 's d if f e r e n t ia ls a r e w e ig h te d
b y a ll p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s in th e e s ta b lis h m e n t at the t im e o f th e s u r v e y )
a nd (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s t a b lis h m e n t 's d iffe r e n t ia ls a r e w e ig h te d b y
p r o d u c t io n w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d o n th e s p e c if ie d s h ift at the t i m e o f th e s u r v e y ).
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lt h ,
i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p l a n s . P r o v i s i o n s w h ic h a p p ly to a m a j o r i t y o f th e
p r o d u c t io n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e c o n s i d e r e d to a p p ly to
a ll p r o d u c t io n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in the e s t a b lis h m e n t ; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n
is c o n s i d e r e d n o n e x is t e n t w h en it a p p lie s to l e s s than a m a j o r i t y .
H o lid a y s ;
v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a p p lic a b le
t o e m p lo y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r the b e n e fit s as w e ll as to e m p lo y e e s w h o
w i l l e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e e l i g i b l e .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and days (ta b le B - 3 ) . S c h e d u le d w e e k ly
h o u r s and d a ys r e f e r t o th e n u m b e r o f h o u r s and da ys p e r w e e k w h ic h f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t (d a y ) s h ift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r p a id f o r at
s tr a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .
P a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) . H o lid a y s a re in c lu d e d i f w o r k e r s w h o
a r e n o t r e q u ir e d t o w o r k a r e p a id f o r th e t im e o f f and t h o s e r e q u ir e d to
w o r k r e c e i v e p r e m iu m p a y o r c o m p e n s a t o r y tim e o f f.
T h e y a r e in c lu d e d
o n ly i f th e y a r e g r a n t e d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s is
( p r o v id e d f o r in




H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le s B - 6 and B - 7 ) . H ea lth ,
in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s in c lu d e p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r p a y s
e it h e r a ll o r p a r t o f the c o s t .
T h e c o s t m a y b e (1) u n d e r w r itte n b y a
c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t i o n , (2 ) c o v e r e d b y a
u n ion fund to w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r has c o n t r ib u t e d , o r (3) b o r n e d ir e c t ly b y
th e e m p lo y e r ou t o f o p e r a t in g fun ds o r a fun d s e t a s id e to c o v e r the c o s t .
A p la n is in c lu d e d e v e n th ou g h a m a j o r i t y o f the e m p lo y e e s in an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t do n ot c h o o s e to p a r t ic ip a t e in it b e c a u s e th e y a r e r e q u ir e d to b e a r
p a r t o f its c o s t (p r o v id e d th e c h o ic e to p a r t ic ip a t e is a v a ila b le o r w ill
e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e a v a ila b le to a m a j o r i t y ) . L e g a lly r e q u ir e d plains su ch as
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y c o m p e n s a t io n , and
t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e 3 a r e e x c lu d e d .
^ Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employ ere contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.
Federal legislation ( Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost of the insurance.

25

L if e in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s f o r m a l p la n s p r o v id in g in d e m n ity (u s u a lly
th ro u g h an in s u r a n c e p o l i c y ) in c a s e o f d ea th o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
I n fo r m a tio n is a ls o p r o v id e d in ta b le B - 7 on ty p e s o f lif e in s u r a n c e p la n s
and th e a m ou n t o f c o v e r a g e ip a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d and in m a n u fa c tu r in g .
A c c id e n t a l d e a th and d is m e m b e r m e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d t o p la n s
w h ich p r o v id e b e n e fit p a y m e n ts in c a s e o f d ea th o r l o s s o f lim b o r s ig h t as a
d ir e c t r e s u lt o f an a c c id e n t .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s o n ly t h o s e p la n s w h ic h
p r o v id e that p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts b e m a d e d ir e c t l y to e m p lo y e e s
w ho l o s e t im e f r o m w o f k b e c a u s e o f il l n e s s o r in ju r y , e . g . , $ 50 a w e e k
f o r up to 26 w e e k s o f d is a b ilit y .
S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h ic h p r o v id e f o r
co n tin u in g an e m p l o y e e 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
Data c o l l e c t e d d is t in g u is h b e tw e e n (1) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e fu ll p a y w ith no
w a itin g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s w h ic h e it h e r p r o v id e p a r t ia l p a y o r r e q u ir e a
w a itin g p e r i o d .
L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts to t o t a lly
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s u pon th e e x p ir a t io n o f t h e ir p a id s ic k le a v e a n d / o r s i c k ­
n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e t e r m in e d p e r i o d o f d is a b ilit y
( t y p ic a lly 6 m o n th s ). P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e u n til th e en d o f th e d is a b ilit y , a
m a x im u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e f it s .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y ­
m e n ts a r e a lm o s t a lw a y s r e d u c e d b y s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ilit y
c o m p e n s a t io n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n b e n e f it s p a y a b le to th e d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .
H o s p it a liz a t io n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e p la n s r e p o r t e d
in t h e s e s u r v e y s p r o v id e fu ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n t f o r b a s i c s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p it a liz a t io n in s u r a n c e c o v e r s h o s p it a l r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
o th e r h o s p it a l e x p e n s e s . S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' f e e s . M e d ic a l
in s u r a n c e c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' f e e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h o s p it a l c a l l s .
P la n s
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t i v e m e d i c a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r 's c a r e f o r m i n o r
a ilm e n ts at a w o r k e r 's p la c e o f e m p lo y m e n t a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d to b e
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e .
M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e c o v e r a g e a p p lie s to s e r v i c e s w h ic h go
b e y o n d th e b a s i c s e r v i c e s c o v e r e d u n d e r h o s p it a liz a t io n , s u r g i c a l , and
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e .
M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e t y p ic a lly ( l ) r e q u ir e s th at a
" d e d u c t ib le " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) b e m e t b e f o r e b e n e fit s b e g in , (2) h a s a c o in s u r a n c e
fe a t u r e that r e q u ir e s the in s u r e d to p a y a p o r t io n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a in e x p e n s e s , and (3) h as a s p e c i f i e d d o l l a r m a x im u m o f b e n e fit s ( e . g . ,
$ 10, 000 a y e a r ) .
D e n ta l in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v id e n o r m a l d en ta l s e r v i c e b e n e f it s ,
u s u a lly f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s . P la n s w h ic h p r o v id e b e n e fit s
o n ly f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a ir in g a c c id e n t d a m a g e a r e n ot r e p o r t e d .
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s p r o v id e f o r r e g u la r p a y m e n ts to th e
r e t ir e e f o r l i f e .
I n c lu d e d a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e
the o p t io n o f p u r c h a s in g a lif e t im e a n n u ity. *
* An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e
T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n s h o w s th e p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t io n
and o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e C h a tta n o o g a a r e a in
w h ic h a u n ion c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f th e w o r k e r s in
th e r e s p e c t iv e c a t e g o r i e s , S e p te m b e r 197 8:
P r o d u c t io n a nd
r e la t e d w o r k e r s
A l l i n d u s t r i e s ___________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______
P u b lic u t ilit ie s ______

O f fic e w o r k e r s

10
12
10

46
52
25
86

74

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a ll
p r o d u c t io n o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d b y
a la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e f o r e , a ll o th e r p r o d u c t io n o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s th a t e it h e r do n ot h a v e la b o r m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s th a t a p p ly to f e w e r th an
h a lf o f t h e ir p r o d u c t io n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e n ot n e c e s s a r i l y
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f the e x ten t to w h ic h a l l w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d
b y th e p r o v is io n s o f la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s a re e x c lu d e d and the in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y is lim it e d .

In d u s t r ia l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa c tu r in g
O v e r t w o - t h ir d s o f the w o r k e r s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in
th e C h a tta n oog a a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g
p r e s e n t s the m a j o r in d u s tr y g r o u p s a nd s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f
a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u s try g r o u p s

S p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s

T e x t ile m i l l p r o d u c t s ___________27
F a b r ic a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ___ 16
C h e m ic a ls an d a llie d
p r o d u c t s _______________________ 12
F o o d and k in d re d p r o d u c t s ___
9
P r i m a r y m e ta l i n d u s t r i e s ____
9
S t o n e , c la y , and g la s s
5
p r o d u c t s _______________________
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t
e l e c t r i c a l _____________________
5
E l e c t r i c and e le c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t _____________________
5

F a b r ic a t e d s t r u c t u r a l
m e t a l p r o d u c t s ________________ 12
I r o n a nd s t e e l f o u n d r i e s ______ 9
P l a s t i c s m a t e r i a l s and
s y n t h e t i c s _____________________ 8
Y a r n a n d t h r e a d m i l l s ________ 8
F l o o r c o v e r i n g m i l l s __________ 6
T e x t i l e f in is h in g , e x c e p t
w o o l ___________________________ 5
K n ittin g m i l l s __________________ 5

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d o n e s t im a t e s o f to t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d
f r o m u n iv e r s e m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e f o r e a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in
v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d o n the r e s u l t s
o f th e s u r v e y a s sh ow n in a p p e n d ix ta b le 1.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga.,‘ September 1978
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N u m b e r of e s ta b lish m e n ts

In d u s try d iv is io n 2

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m e n ts in scope
of study

W ith in scope of study
W ith in scope
of study 3

S tu d ie d
S t u d ie d

T o ta l4
Number

ALL D I V IS IO N S

T o ta l4

31 A

119

7 6.9 27

100

5 0.8 06

9 .2 8 5

4 9.418

1 88
126

63
56

5 2.0 45
2 4.8 82

68
32

39.7 26
11.0 80

3*625
5*660

3 1.9 43
1 7.475

50
50
50
50
50

13
23
49
13
28

10
5
16
9
16

4 # 4 85
2 .7 0 4
8 .5 5 5
5 .3 2 2
3 .8 1 6

6
4
ii
7
5

1 T h e C h a tta n o o g a S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o l i t a n S ta t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the O ffic e of M a n a g e ­
m e n t and B u d g e t t h r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s of H a m il to n , M a r io n , and S e q u a tch ie C ounties, T e n n .;
and C a to o s a , D a de , a nd W a l k e r C o u n t ie s , Ga.
Th e " w o r k e r s w it h i n scope of s tu d y " e s tim a te s shown
in t h i s ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the siz e and c o m p o s it io n of th e la b o r f o r c e
in c lu d e d in the s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r, fo r c o m p a ris o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t
i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y i n a d v a n c e of t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e e xc lu d e d f r o m the scope o f the s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts by in d u s try d iv is io n .
H o w e v e r , a l l g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s a re e xclud e d f r o m the scope o f
the s u rv e y .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A ll
o u t l e t s ( w i t h i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s i n i n d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d
m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s on e e s t a b l i s h m e n t .




F u ll-tim e
o ffic e w o r k e r s

50
“

----------------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------------------TRA NS P OR TA TI O N. CO MM UN IC A TI ON . AND
OTHER P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 ------------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
-------------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE
--------------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . IN S UR A NC E . AND REAL ESTATE
--------------S E R V I C E S 7 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

P ercent

F u ll- tim e
p r o d u c t io n and
re la te d w o rk e rs

2 .1 9 2
<6>
<6>
<6 )
( 6)

727
<6 >
<6 )
<6 >
<6 )

4.251
6 16
4 .9 8 5
4 .9 5 9
2 .6 6 4

4 In c lu d e s e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, p a r t - t i m e , and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e pa ra te
p ro d u c tio n and o ffic e c a te g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to " p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s " i n the A - and B - s e r ie s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and se rv ic e s in c i ­
d e n ta l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a r e excluded.
C h atta no og a 's e l e c t r i c u t i l i t i e s and l o c a l - t r a n s i t a re
m u n i c i p a l l y o p e ra te d , and a r e e x c lu d e d b y d e f in it io n f r o m the scope of study.
6 S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n o f data is n o t m a d e f o r th is d iv is io n .
7 H o te ls and m o t e l s ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile
r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu ding re lig io u s
and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ) ; and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

27

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the
B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f ie ld s t a ff in c l a s s if y in g in to
a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f
p a y r o ll t i t le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to
e s t a b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s th e g ro u p in g o f
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b co n te n t.
B eca u se
o f th is e m p h a s is on in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y
o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g ­
n ific a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u se in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e ­
p a re d fo r o th e r p u rp o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the
B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r ­
v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .
H a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e ir
h a n d ica p a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d . L e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , u n le s s
s p e c i f i c a l l y in c lu d e d in th e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n , a r e e x c lu d e d .

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

SECRETARY
A s s ig n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to on e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v ­
it ie s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f
d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
d u tie s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e ro u tin e and u n d e r sta n d in g o f the
o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to th e w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

E x c lu s io n s — C on tin u ed
a.
b.




S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g as o f f i c e a s s is t a n t s
f e s s io n a l, t e c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d.

Not a ll p o s it io n s that a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e
c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s o f p o s it io n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n
a re a s f o llo w s :

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not fu lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u tie s ;

c.

E x c lu s io n s

P o s it io n s w h ich do n ot
d e s c r ib e d a bove;

m e e t th e

"p e r s o n a l"

A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s it io n s w h ic h e n ta il m o r e d if f ic u l t o r m o r e r e ­
s p o n s ib le t e c h n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , o r s u p e r v i s o r y d u tie s w h ic h
a r e n ot typical" o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e . g . , A d m in is t r a t iv e A s s i s t ­
an t, o r E x e c u tiv e A s s is t a n t ;

L is t e d b e lo w a r e s e v e r a l o c c u p a t io n s f o r w h ic h r e v is e d d e s c r ip t io n s o r t it le s a r e b e in g in t r o d u c e d
in th is s u r v e y :
G u a rd
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r
( p r e v io u s ly s u r v e y e d
as sh ip p in g and
r e c e iv in g c l e r k )
T r u c k d r iv e r

O r d e r c le r k
P a y r o l l c le r k
S ecreta ry
K e y e n tr y o p e r a t o r
T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e ty p is t
C om p u ter o p e r a to r

T h e B u r e a u h as d is c o n tin u e d c o lle c t in g da ta f o r ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .
c l a s s i f i e d as w a tch m e n a r e n ow c l a s s i f i e d as g u a rd s u n d er the r e v is e d d e s c r ip t io n .

28

W o r k e r s p r e v io u s ly

secreta ry

to a g r o u p

con cept

of p ro­

S E G R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n tin u e d

C la s s if ic a t io n b y L e v e l— C on tin u ed

e.

P o s i t i o n s w h ic h do n ot fit any o f th e s itu a tio n s lis t e d in th e
s e c t i o n s b e lo w t it le d ''L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e . g . , s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ;

f.

T r a in e e s .

C la s s ific a tio n b y L e v e l

e.

S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f
th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y jo b s w h ic h m e e t th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m a t c h e d at
o n e o f f iv e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g to (a) th e le v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v i s o r
w ith in th e c o m p a n y 's o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e and, (b ) th e l e v e l o f th e
s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s i b i l i t y . T h e c h a r t fo llo w in g th e e x p la n a tio n s o f t h e s e tw o
f a c t o r s in d ic a t e s th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y f o r e a c h c o m b in a tio n o f the
fa c to r s .

a.

b.

LS—
4

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a la r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i­
z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a co m p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v i s o r (L S )
S e c r e t a r i e s s h o u ld b e m a t c h e d at on e o f th e fo u r LS l e v e ls d e s c r i b e d
b e lo w a c c o r d in g to th e l e v e l o f th e s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r w ith in th e c o m p a n y
o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e .
LS—1

S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a ll
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n a bou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

b.

LS—2

a.

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e o f f i c e r o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n
o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f
s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s ib i l i t y is n o t e q u iv a le n t to on e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s itu a tio n s in
th e d e fin it io n f o r LS—3 , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit n o r m a lly
n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d
in to o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r
s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e
o f o r g a n iz a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

b.

LS—3

S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . , ( o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r
th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y
th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n s ib ilit y (L R )
T h is f a c t o r e v a lu a te s th e n a tu r e o f th e w o r k r e la t io n s h ip b e tw e e n
th e s e c r e t a r y and th e s u p e r v i s o r , and th e e x te n t to w h ic h the s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c t e d to e x e r c i s e in itia t iv e and ju d g m e n t. S e c r e t a r i e s s h o u ld b e m a tc h e d
at L R —1 o r L R —2 d e s c r i b e d b e lo w a c c o r d in g to t h e ir l e v e l o f r e s p o n s ib ilit y .

S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than c h a ir m a n o f th e
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100
but f e w e r th a n 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u se d in the a b o v e LS d e f ­
in itio n r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e w id e p o l i c y ­
m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v it ie s .
T h e title " v ic e
p r e s i d e n t , " th ou g h n o r m a lly in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n ot in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify s u c h p o s it io n s . V i c e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
a ct p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r den y
in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i ­
r e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e d e fin itio n .

S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r
e it h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w id e fu n c tio n a l a c tiv ity ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a j o r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r ­
t e r s ; a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 5 , 000 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 000 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

d.

S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f
( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ilit y 1 (L R —1)
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s in c lu d in g o r c o m p a r a b le to m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g :
a.

A n s w e r s t e le p h o n e s ,
c o m in g m a il .

b.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e r e q u e s t s w h ic h h a v e s ta n d a rd a n s w e r s .
r e p ly to r e q u e s t s b y s e n d in g a f o r m le t t e r .

c.

R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e to e n s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and
t y p o g r a p h ic a l a c c u r a c y .

d.

M a in ta in s s u p e r v i s o r 's
in s t r u c t e d .

e.

T y p e s , ta k e s and t r a n s c r i b e s d ic t a t io n , and f i l e s .

an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll,

29

g reets

person al

c a le n d a r

and

c a lle r s ,

m akes

and

opens

a p p o in tm e n ts

in ­

M ay

as

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C on tin u ed

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s ib ilit y 2 (L R —2)

Stenographer, Senior

P e r f o r m s d u tie s d e s c r i b e d u n d e r L R —1 a n d , in a d d itio n p e r f o r m s
ta s k s r e q u ir in g g r e a t e r ju d g m e n t, in it ia t iv e , and k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e fu n c tio n s
in c lu d in g o r c o m p a r a b le t o m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
a.

S c r e e n s t e le p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e t e r m in in g w h ic h ca n
b e h a n d le d b y th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s u b o r d in a t e s o r o t h e r o f f i c e s .

b.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s t s w h ic h r e q u ir e a d e t a ile d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
f i c e p r o c e d u r e s o r c o l l e c t i o n o f in fo r m a t io n f r o m f i l e s o r
o th e r o ffic e s .
M a y s ig n r o u tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in ow n o r
s u p e r v i s o r 's n a m e .

c.

C o m p ile s o r a s s i s t s in c o m p ilin g p e r i o d i c
o f g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s .

d.

S c h e d u le s te n ta t iv e a p p o in tm e n ts w ith ou t p r i o r c l e a r a n c e .
A s­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y b a c k g r o u n d m a t e r i a l f o r s c h e d u le d m e e t in g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r m e e t in g s and c o n f e r e n c e s .

e.

E x p la in s s u p e r v i s o r 's r e q u ir e m e n t s to o t h e r e m p lo y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r 's u n it. ( A ls o t y p e s , ta k e s d ic t a t io n , and f i l e s . )

D icta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
s u ch as in le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up
and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n s h o w s th e l e v e l o f
LS and L R c o m b in a tio n :

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
______ s u p e r v i s o r ______

th e

s e c r e t a r y fo r each

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r i n ­
d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s ib ilit y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y
the fo llo w in g :
W o r k r e q u ir e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and
a c c u r a c y ; a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s a nd o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t i o n , p o l i c i e s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e t c . U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o ­
g r a p h ic d u ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s m a in ta in in g f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m ­
p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g and r o u tin g in c o m in g
m a il ; and a n s w e r in g ro u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r i m a r y duty is to ty p e c o p y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d ic t a t io n w h ic h d o e s
n ot in v o lv e v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y s u c h as th a t u s e d in
le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t iv e ly
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
(S ee S t e n o g r a p h e r d e fin it io n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith sh o rth a n d d ic ta tio n .)

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ilit y
T Y P IS T
L R —1

LS—1_______
LS—2_______
LS—3_______
LS—
4_______

r e p o r t s on th e b a s is

OR

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

D
C
B
A

STENOGRAPH ER
P r i m a r y du ty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u s in g s h o r th a n d , and to t r a n s c r i b e
th e d ic t a t io n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y .
M ay o p era te fr o m a
s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l .
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d in g s ( if
p r i m a r y du ty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h in e
T y p is t ) .
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is t in g u is h e d f r o m th at o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d i s c r e t i o n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e
ou t b ills a ft e r c a lc u la t io n s h av e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g
processes.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a in in g , s u ch
as k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g
r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and
d is t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l f o r m w h en it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r n n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l; o r p la n n in g la y o u t
and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n if o r m it y and
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M ay ty p e ro u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to s u it
c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m
r o u g h o r c le a r d r a ft s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
o r s e tt in g up s im p le s ta n d a rd t a b u la t io n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .
F IL E C L E R K

S ten og rap h er, G en eral

keep

D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t iv e ly r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .




F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . M ay p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a re c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s i s o f th e f o llo w in g d e f in it io n s .

F I L E C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

O R D E R C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

C la s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f ile m a t e r ia l s u c h as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m
c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f l o w e r le v e l f ile c l e r k s .

a d e q u a c y o f in fo r m a t io n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a in in g c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r ;
fu r n is h in g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g -u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d b y th e s p e c i f i e d date o r to le t c u s t o m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k in g sh ip p in g in v o ic e
a g a in s t o r ig i n a l o r d e r .

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r i a l b y s im p le
( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
As req u ested ,
lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t i f ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p a id on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is o r w h o s e d u ties in clu d e
any o f th e f o llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a th e r than f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u lt a t iv e a d v ic e u sin g k n o w l­
e d g e g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e r in g o r e x t e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l tr a in in g ; e m p h a s iz in g
s e llin g s k i l l s ; h a n d lin g m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in t e g r a l p a rt o f the jo b .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l th a t h as a lr e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
sy ste m
( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r ic a l) .
As
req u ested ,
lo c a t e s r e a d il y a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l ou t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

l e v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

the

fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
H a n d les o r d e r s th at in v o lv e m a k in g ju d g m e n ts s u ch as
c h o o s in g w h ic h s p e c i f i c p r o d u c t o r m a t e r ia l f r o m th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's p r o d u c t
lin e s w ill s a t is f y th e c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e t e r m in in g the p r i c e to b e q u o te d
w h en p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e lis t o r m a k in g
s o m e s im p le m a t h e m a t ic a l c a lc u la t io n s .

M ESSENGER

C la s s B . H a n d le s o r d e r s in v o lv in g it e m s w h ic h h av e r e a d ily id e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s and a p p lic a t io n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a t a lo g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m a n u a l,
o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t to in s u r e th at p r o p e r it e m is s u p p lie d o r to v e r if y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d it e m .

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u tie s s u ch as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g
m a i l , an d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s it io n s th at r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s ig n ific a n t du ty.

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l ta s k s s u c h as p o s tin g to
r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank a c c o u n t s ; v e r if y in g the in te r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , a nd m a t h e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r ify in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g ,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s i s t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a cco u n tin g s y s t e m .

O p e r a t e s a t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o le u s e d w ith a p r iv a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a s y s t e m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v i d e in f o r m a t io n t o c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s id e s o p e r a t in g a t e le p h o n e
s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a j o r p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's
t i m e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at th e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h ie f o r
le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a ls o a c ts as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w it c h b o a r d
O p e r a to r - R e c e p t io n i s t .

T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g a nd r e ­
c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a c c o u n t in g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is n o t r e q u ir e d to have a
k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c ts b o th as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w it c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p t i o n i s t 's
w o r k in v o lv e s s u c h d u tie s as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m in in g n a tu r e o f v i s i t o r 's
b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n iz a t i o n o r c o n ta c t in g th at p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and
a r r a n g in g an a p p o in t m e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s :

c la s s ifie d

in to

l e v e ls

on the

b a s is

o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n tin g t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g a m o n g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th r o u g h p r e v io u s a cco u n tin g
a c t io n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e a s s i s t e d b y on e o r
m o r e c la s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

O RD ER CLERK
R e c e i v e s w r it t e n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s
s o m e c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g d u tie s : Q u o tin g p r i c e s ; d e t e r m in in g a v a ila ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d it e m s and s u g g e s t in g s u b s titu te s w hen n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y d a te and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
in fo r m a t io n o n o r d e r s h e e t s ; c h e c k in g o r d e r s h e e ts f o r a c c u r a c y and




are

C la s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , f o llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s
and s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n tin g
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s , s u c h a s p o s t in g t o l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s

31

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C on tin u ed

P A Y R O L L C L E R K — C on tin u ed

w h e r e id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ;
c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u sin g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d
a c c o u n t in g c o d e s .

lis t in g s a g a in st s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in li s t i n g s ;
and a s s is t in g in p r e p a r a t io n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a n o n a u to m a te d p a y r o ll s y s t e m , c o m p u te s w a g e s . W o r k m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t i c a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u la t io n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r th e
co m p u te r sy ste m fo r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d it it e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g little k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (not in ­
clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n tin g
d e p a r tm e n t.
M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th an
an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :
B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and a dd in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u te d on
the b illin g m a c h in e , and to t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y
m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f
th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d on e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

KEY ENTRY O PE R A TO R
O p e r a t e s k e y b o a r d - c o n t r o l l e d da ta e n t r y d e v ic e s u c h as k e y p u n ch
m a c h in e o r k e y - o p e r a t e d m a g n e t ic ta p e o r d is k e n c o d e r to t r a n s c r i b e
da ta in to a f o r m s u ita b le f o r c o m p u t e r p r o c e s s i n g . W o r k r e q u ir e s s k ill in
o p e r a t in g an a lp h a n u m e r ic k e y b o a r d and an u n d e r s ta n d in g o f t r a n s c r ib in g
p r o c e d u r e s and r e le v a n t data e n tr y e q u ip m e n t.
P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s :

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e b a s is

of

the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o llo w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g it e m s tq .b e e n t e r e d f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s .
On o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m r o u tin e w o r k as d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s B .
N O T E : E x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s a b o v e c l a s s A u s in g th e k e y e n tr y
c o n t r o ls to a c c e s s , r e a d , and e v a lu a te th e s u b s ta n c e o f s p e c i f i c r e c o r d s to
ta k e s u b s ta n tiv e a c t io n s , o r to m a k e e n t r ie s r e q u ir in g a s i m i l a r l e v e l o f
k n o w le d g e .
C la s s B . W o r k is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m
v a r io u s s ta n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d and r e q u ir e
lit t le o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f da ta to b e e n t e r e d . R e f e r s
to s u p e r v is o r p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s , c o d e s , o r m i s s in g
in fo r m a tio n .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E SS

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n tr y o f
f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ’ le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te s
f ig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in t s
a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m and s ta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .
P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in ta in p a y r o ll r e c o r d s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' tim e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; a d ju s tin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r ch a n g e s
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e f it s , o r ta x d e d u c t io n s ; ed itin g p a y r o ll




A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to f o r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m b y u se o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c if ic a t io n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s t o b e a u to m a te d and id e n t ifie s c o n d it io n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to b e u s e d ; o u tlin e s a c t io n s to b e
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g ( t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f
w o r k and data flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s and
p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e q u ip m e n t ch a n g es to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is a nd p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e
c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y.)

C O M P U TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y ST ,

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN ESS---- C o n tin u e d

BUSINESS— C on tin u ed

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if ic o r e n g in e e r in g
p r o b le m s .

la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u la tio n o f da ta to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o rk
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b ­
j e c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r ts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to
b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w
c h a r ts to s h ow o r d e r in w h ic h data w ill b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e
c h a r ts to c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u rin g p r o d u c tio n
ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f f i ­
c ie n c y o r adapt to n e w r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts if th is is
th e s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly sts a re c l a s s i f i e d as f o llo w s :
C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is . P r o b l e m s a r e
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts o f ou tpu t d a ta .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n
s c h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e fu ll
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia t e d b y th e
c o m p u t e r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f n ew o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f da ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s . M a k es r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a lla tio n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.

D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g
p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s

M a y p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l
w ho a re a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

d ir e c t io n to l o w e r

le v e l s y ste m s

a re c la s s ifie d

as

f o llo w s :

a n a ly s ts
C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n
on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o ­
g r a m m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s and ch a rts
w h ic h id e n tify th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s te p s to
b e a c c o m p lis h e d , and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b ­
le m s o lv in g r o u tin e ; p la n s the fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d
to e f f ic i e n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
p r o b l e m s th a t a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e ou tpu t data a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g
a ccou n ts
r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o le s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t .)
C o n fe r s w ith
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p lie d .

At th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d if f ic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip ­
m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d ­
u cts f r o m n u m e r o u s and d iv e r s e da ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x ­
te n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s
s u c h a c t io n s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h can be r e ­
u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to
da ta w h en p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and
s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n t s to f o r m a
h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s i n g
sch em e o r
s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on r o u tin e a s s i g n ­
m e n ts and r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and -g u id a n ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n t s . W o r k
is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s t r u c t io n s , and to
in s u r e p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n
a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

to lo w e r l e v e l

p r o g r a m m e r s w ho

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and lis t in g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le tio n s f r o m
in pu t data w h ic h a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e data h av e b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s s o th at the a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f da ta ca n b e t e s t e d b y u sin g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t io n s .

C o n v e r t s s ta t e m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e ­
q u ir e d to s o lv e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e ­
c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h , w h en e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in c o d e d

W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A ) u n der
c l o s e d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M a y a s s is t
h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r f o r m in g m o r e d if f ic u l t ta s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d ir e c t io n .

C la s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a ly s e s
as a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r ie n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c if ic a t io n s r e q u ir e d b y
program m ers
fro m
in f o r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .




OR

33

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS— C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s
a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a r d p r o ­
c e d u r e s to ro u tin e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c t s
o f a s s ig n m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e
w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COM PUTER O PERATO R
In a c c o r d a n c e w ith o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t io n s , m o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s
the c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s d a ta . E x e c u t e s ru n s b y
e it h e r s e r i a l p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s on e p r o g r a m
at a t i m e ) o r m u lt i­
p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s tw o o r m o r e p r o g r a m s s im u lt a n e o u s ly ) . T h e fo llo w in g
d u tie s c h a r a c t e r i z e th e w o r k o f a c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r :
- S tu d ie s
needed.
-

o p e r a t in g

L o a d s e q u ip m e n t
p a p e r , e t c .).

in s t r u c t io n s
w ith

to

r e q u ir e d

d e t e r m in e
it e m s

e q u ip m e n t

(t a p e s ,

ca rd s,

setu p
d is k s ,

- S w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x illia r y e q u ip m e n t in to s y s t e m .
- S ta r ts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r .
-

d u rin g o p e r a t io n

- M a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d .
M a y t e s t - r u n n e w o r m o d if ie d p r o g r a m s . M a y a s s i s t in m o d ify in g
sy ste m s o r p r o g r a m s .
T h e s c o p e o f th is d e fin it io n in c lu d e s t r a in e e s w o r k in g
to b e c o m e f u lly q u a lifie d c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , f u lly q u a lif ie d c o m p u t e r
o p e r a t o r s , and le a d o p e r a t o r s p r o v id in g t e c h n ic a l a s s i s t a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s . It e x c lu d e s w o r k e r s w h o m o n it o r a nd o p e r a t e r e m o t e t e r m in a ls .
C la s s A . In a d d itio n to w o r k a s s ig n m e n t s d e s c r i b e d f o r a c l a s s B
o p e r a t o r ( s e e b e lo w ) th e w o r k o f a c l a s s A o p e r a t o r in v o lv e s at le a s t on e
o f the fo llo w in g :
-

D e v ia t e s f r o m s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to a v o id th e l o s s o f i n f o r ­
m a t io n o r to c o n s e r v e c o m p u t e r t im e e v e n th ou gh th e p r o c e d u r e s
a p p lie d m a t e r ia lly a lt e r th e c o m p u t e r u n it 's p r o d u c t io n p la n s .

- T e s t s n ew p r o g r a m s , a p p lic a t io n s , and p r o c e d u r e s .
- A d v is e s p r o g r a m m e r s
t e c h n iq u e s .

and

s u b je c t-m a t te r

e x p e rts

o p e r a t o r at




th is l e v e l

t y p ic a lly g u id e s

lo w e r

O p e r a t e s p e r ip h e r a l e q u ip m e n t w h i c h
d i r e c t l y s u p p o r t s d ig ita l
c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n s . S u ch e q u ip m e n t is u n iq u e ly and s p e c i f i c a l l y d e s ig n e d
f o r c o m p u t e r a p p lic a t io n s , but n e e d n ot b e p h y s i c a l l y o r e l e c t r o n i c a l l y
c o n n e c t e d to a c o m p u t e r .
P r i n t e r s , p l o t t e r s , c a r d r e a d / p u n c h e s , ta p e
r e a d e r s , ta p e units o r d r i v e s , d is k u n its o r d r i v e s , and da ta d is p la y units
a r e e x a m p le s o f s u c h e q u ip m e n t.
T h e fo llo w in g d u tie s c h a r a c t e r i z e th e w o r k o f a p e r ip h e r a l e q u ip m e n t
op era tor:
-

L o a d in g p r in t e r s and p lo t t e r s w ith c o r r e c t p a p e r ; a d ju s tin g
c o n t r o ls f o r f o r m s , t h i c k n e s s , t e n s io n , p r in t in g d e n s it y , and
lo c a t io n ; and u n lo a d in g h a r d c o p y .

-

L a b e llin g ta p e r e e l s , d is k s , o r c a r d d e c k s .

-

C h e ck in g la b e ls and m o u n tin g and d is m o u n tin g
r e e ls o r d is k s on s p e c i f i e d u n its o r d r i v e s .

d e s ig n a te d ta p e

- S ettin g c o n t r o ls w h ic h r e g u la t e o p e r a t io n o f the e q u ip m e n t.
on

se tu p

- A s s i s t s in (1) m a in ta in in g , m o d if y in g , and d e v e lo p in g o p e r a t in g
s y s t e m s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2) d e v e lo p in g o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t io n s and
te c h n iq u e s to c o v e r p r o b l e m s it u a t io n s ; a n d / o r (3) s w itc h in g to
e m e r g e n c y b a c k u p p r o c e d u r e s (s u c h a s s i s t a n c e r e q u ir e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f p r o g r a m la n g u a g e , c o m p u t e r f e a t u r e s , and s o ft w a r e
s y s t e m s ).
An

C la s s C . W o r k a s s ig n m e n t s a r e l im it e d t o e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n
ru n s ( i . e . , p r o g r a m s w h ic h p r e s e n t fe w o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s ) .
A s s ig n m e n t s
m a y c o n s i s t p r i m a r i l y o f o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g
( s o m e t im e s a u g m e n te d b y
c l a s s r o o m in s t r u c t io n ). W h en le a r n in g to ru n p r o g r a m s , th e s u p e r v i s o r o r a
h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r p r o v id e s d e t a ile d w r it t e n o r o r a l g u id a n c e to th e
o p e r a t o r b e fo r e and d u rin g th e ru n . A f t e r th e o p e r a t o r h as g a in e d e x p e r ie n c e
w ith a p r o g r a m , h o w e v e r , the o p e r a t o r w o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly in
a p p ly in g s ta n d a rd o p e r a t in g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s in r e s p o n d in g to
c o m p u t e r output in s t r u c t io n s o r e r r o r c o n d it io n s , b u t r e f e r s p r o b le m s t o a
h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r o r the s u p e r v i s o r w h e n s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s f a i l.
P E R I P H E R A L E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R

R e s p o n d s t o o p e r a t in g and c o m p u t e r ou tpu t in s t r u c t io n s .

- R e v ie w s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m a k e s c o r r e c t i o n s
o r r e fe r s p r o b le m s .

C la s s B . In a d d itio n to e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n r u n s , w o r k a s s i g n ­
m e n ts in c lu d e ru n s in v o lv in g n e w p r o g r a m s , a p p lic a t io n s , and p r o c e d u r e s
( i . e . , s itu a tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e th e o p e r a t o r t o a d a p t to a v a r ie t y o f p r o b l e m s ) .
At th is l e v e l , th e o p e r a t o r has th e tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e to w o r k f a i r ly
in d e p e n d e n tly in c a r r y in g out m o s t a s s i g n m e n t s . A s s ig n m e n t s m a y r e q u ir e
th e o p e r a t o r to s e l e c t f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s ta n d a r d se tu p and o p e r a t in g
procedu res.
In r e s p o n d in g to c o m p u t e r ou tp u t in s t r u c t io n s o r e r r o r c o n ­
d it io n s , a p p lie s s ta n d a rd o p e r a t in g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s , but m a y
d e v ia te f r o m s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s w h e n s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s f a i l i f d e v ia tio n
d o e s n ot m a t e r ia lly a lt e r the c o m p u t e r u n it 's p r o d u c t io n p la n s . R e f e r s th e
p r o b l e m o r a b o r ts th e p r o g r a m w h e n p r o c e d u r e s a p p lie d do n o t p r o v id e a
s o lu t io n . M a y g u id e l o w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .

le v e l o p e r a t o r s .

- O b s e r v in g p a n e l lig h ts f o r w a r n in g s
ta k in g a p p r o p r ia t e a c t io n .

and

error

in d ic a t io n s

- E x a m in in g t a p e s , c a r d s , o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l f o r c r e a s e s ,
o r o th e r d e f e c t s w h ic h c o u ld c a u s e p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s .

and

tea rs,

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s w o r k e r s (1 ) w h o m o n it o r and o p e r a t e a
c o n t r o l c o n s o le (s e e c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r ) o r a r e m o t e t e r m in a l, o r (2) w h o s e
d u tie s a r e lim it e d to o p e r a t in g d e c o l l a t e r s , b u r s t e r s , s e p a r a t o r s , o r s i m i l a r
e q u ip m e n t.

C O M P U T E R D A T A L I B R A R IA N

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

M a in ta in s l i b r a r y o f m e d ia (ta p e s , d is k s , c a r d s , c a s s e t t e s ) u s e d
f o r a u t o m a t ic da ta p r o c e s s i n g a p p lic a t io n s . T h e fo llo w in g o r s i m i l a r d u ties
c h a r a c t e r i z e th e w o r k o f a c o m p u t e r data lib r a r ia n : C la s s ify in g , c a t a lo g in g ,
and s t o r in g m e d ia in a c c o r d a n c e w ith a s ta n d a r d iz e d s y s t e m ; u pon p r o p e r
r e q u e s t s , r e le a s in g m e d ia f o r p r o c e s s i n g ; m a in ta in in g r e c o r d s o f r e l e a s e s
and r e t u r n s ; in s p e c t in g r e t u r n e d m e d ia f o r d a m a g e o r e x c e s s i v e w e a r to
d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r o r n ot th e y n e e d r e p la c in g . M ay p e r f o r m m i n o r r e p a ir s
to d a m a g e d t a p e s .

W o r k s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g on e o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d if y in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , and t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y to d e t e r m in e m a lf u n c t io n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

DRAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h av in g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ftin g
p r e ce d e n ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith the d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s th e e f fe c t o f e a c h ch a n g e on the
d e t a ils o f f o r m , f u n c t io n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n t s and
p a r t s . W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p le t e d w o r k
is r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g
d e t e r m in a t io n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y
lo w e r le v e l d r a fte r s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n t s
th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s u c h w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e ta il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a ­
t i o n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s and
m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
co m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s tr e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u nits o r p a r t s f o r
e n g in e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t io n , m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a ir . p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s (d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n t s
r e c u r . W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g
c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n ot
in c lu d e t r a c in g li m i t e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is t in g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
l a r g e s c a le n o t r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s is t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d if f e r e n t k in d s o f c ir c u it s
o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f the s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but is n ot lim it e d
t o , th e fo llo w in g : (a) E l e c t r o n i c tr a n s m it t in g and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m e n t ( e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ) , (b) d ig ita l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o llin g
e q u ip m e n t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u c h s ta n d a rd e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e l e v is io n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; te c h n ic ia n s w h o h a v e a d m in is t r a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y
r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e l s

on

th e b a s is o f

the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u su a lly
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p ic a lly ca n n o t b e s o lv e d s o le ly b y
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f s u c h p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and
d e n s ity o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia t io n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and
fr e q u e n t e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s . W o r k ‘ in v o lv e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e r sta n d in g o f
the in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r ­
f o r m in g s u c h ta s k s as m a k in g c ir c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c in g r e la t io n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x te s t in ­
s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , du a l t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s ,
p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p ic a lly ca n b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s : A f a m ilia r it y w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s and t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x th a n t h o s e u se d b y the
c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce to l o w e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

A N D /O R
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e t a ile d i n ­
s t r u c t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s su ch

P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a l iz e d it e m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .




35

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

ta s k s a s : A s s is t in g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u c h a c t i v it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
n o t r e q u ir e d to . b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m tr a in in g ) s o th at w o r k e r ca n a d v a n ce
to h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l
and m e a s u r in g and
te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n
th r o u g h a f o r m a l

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p ic a lly s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d
r e v ie w w h en n ew o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U RSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n t o i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n t s and e m p lo y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g ou t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r
o th e r a c t i v it ie s a ffe c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th an
on e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Poweiplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f ix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p e s o f pain t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s
and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o t h e r pa in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n ­
s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IST
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r it t e n in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ’ s h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g s ta n d a r d
m a c h in e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd
s h o p co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , and s p e e d s
o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n m e t a ls ;
s e le c t in g s ta n d a rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o r k ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y )

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and
la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a r d
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d i ­
m e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n ­
e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m in g r e p a ir s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f h a n d to o ls in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g the m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c if ic a t io n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y
d u tie s in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e i n ­
s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r i ­
b u t io n , o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s
m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l
e q u ip m e n t s u c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r




s ta n d a rd c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls
te s t in g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in ­
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H I C L E )
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t and p e r ­
f o r m in g r e p a ir s th at in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s 'w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,

36

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )— C on tin u ed

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R

d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju s tin g v a l v e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b lin g and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a nd a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r
t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h ic le m a in te n a n c e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m in g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f
w o r k th e h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to tr a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls
and t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

T h is
c la s s ific a tio n d o e s
n ot i n c l u d e
c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s .

m e c h a n ic s

w ho

r e p a ir

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R

S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t in g o n e o r m o r e th an on e ty p e o f m a ch in e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r in d in g m a c h in e , e n g in e la th e , m illin g m a ch in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f ix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in sh a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n m e t a llic m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W o r k t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m in g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a t e d s e tu p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a ll cu ttin g t o o l s and a d ju s t g u id e s , s t o p s , w o r k in g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n t r o ls to h an d le th e s i z e o f s t o c k t o b e m a c h in e d ;
d e t e r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l in g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t
t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n t o a c h ie v e r e q u is i t e d im e n s io n s t o v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o lr o o m ) at th e s k ill l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u ir e s e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b le o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

I n s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : L a y in g
ou t w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r
w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; t h r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s an d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; an d m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r f in is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s
a re e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f ix t u r e s ( s u c h as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g ou t a ll t y p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; s e tt in g up a nd o p e r a t in g a ll a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c le s as r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
in c lu d e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh op s.
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w hen ch a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d . W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g ou t w o r k ;
in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls
and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g th
o f m a t e r i a l s , a nd c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u ip m e n t;
s e l e c t i n g s ta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , and p a r t s t o b e u se d ; and in s t a llin g and
m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h as d r iv e s and
speed re d u ce rs.
In g e n e r a l , th e m i llw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




37

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a ir s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s
u s e d in sh a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r
o t h e r w r it t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s ta n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a l l o y s ; s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d t o c o m p le t e ta s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s ;
s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u sin g
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ;
w o r k in g t o v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t -t r e a t in g m e t a l p a r t s and f in is h e d t o o l s
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ) .

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R — C o n tin u e d

O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f
s ta t io n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly the
e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g . W o r k in v o lv e s : O p e r a t in g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r ig e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th an o n e e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .

R e c e i v e r s t y p ic a lly a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
V e r if y in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts b y c o m p a r in g it e m s and
q u a n titie s u n loa d ed a g a in st b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , m a n if e s t s , s t o r a g e
r e c e i p t s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r d a m a g e d g o o d s ; in s u r in g that
g o o d s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly id e n t ifie d f o r r o u tin g t o d e p a r tm e n t s w ith in the
e s t a b lis h m e n t ; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s r e c e i v e d .

S h ip p e r
R e c e iv e r
S h ip p e r and r e c e i v e r

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a fe t y v a l v e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f
e s t a b lis h m e n t s s u c h a s: M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t s , fr e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n lo a d tr u c k
w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in
g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
r a te d c a p a c it y o f t r u c k , as f o llo w s :

t r u c k d r iv e r s

a re

c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e and

T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t t r u c k
(s t r a ig h t t r u c k , u n d e r IV 2 to n s , u s u a lly 4 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m tr u c k
(s t r a ig h t t r u c k , IV2 to 4 to n s in c l u s i v e , u s u a lly 6 w h e e ls )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy tr u ck
(s t r a ig h t t r u c k , o v e r 4 t o n s , u s u a lly 10 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c t o r - t r a il e r
S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R
P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s ic a l t a s k s in c o n n e c t io n w ith sh ip p in g
g o o d s o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d and r e c e iv in g in c o m in g
s h ip m e n ts .
In p e r f o r m i n g d a y - t o - d a y , ro u tin e t a s k s , fo llo w s e s t a b lis h e d
g u id e lin e s . In h a n d lin g u n u su a l n o n r o u tin e p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u id ­
a n ce f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r o t h e r o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d i r e c t and c o o r d in a t e the
a c t iv it ie s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in h a n d lin g g o o d s to b e s h ip p e d o r b e in g
r e c e iv e d .
S h ip p e r s t y p ic a lly a r e
r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r if y in g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e ly f i l l e d b y c o m p a r in g it e m s and q u a n titie s
o f g o o d s g a t h e r e d f o r s h ip m e n t a g a in s t d o c u m e n t s ; in s u r in g th at s h ip m e n ts
a re p r o p e r l y p a c k a g e d , id e n t ifie d w ith s h ip p in g in fo r m a t io n , and lo a d e d in to
t r a n s p o r t in g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r in g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f g o o d s s h ip p e d , e . g . ,
m a n if e s t s , b i l l s o f la d in g .




F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o llo w s :

W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e
an u n d e r sta n d in g o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , n otin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
ta k in g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e ­
p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t. M a y o p e r a t e h an d o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s in v o lv e s h ip p in g and r e ­
c e iv in g w o rk (s e e S h ip p e r and R e c e i v e r and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f illin g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

O R D E R F IL L E R
F il ls s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and i n ­
d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
r e la t e d d u t ie s .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g t h e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t
u pon th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s in
s h ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s i n g and s e a lin g
c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n t ify in g d a ta o n c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

GU A R D — C on tin u e d

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s if ia t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a ck in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d a nd u n lo a d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s a b ou t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
tr u c k , as fo llo w s :

v ic e s

G u a rd s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h p r o v id e p r o t e c t iv e
on a c o n t r a c t b a s is a r e in c lu d e d in th is o c c u p a t io n .

ser­

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , g u a r d s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o llo w s :
C la s s A . E n f o r c e s r e g u la t io n s d e s ig n e d to p r e v e n t b r e a c h e s o f
s e c u r ity .
E x e r c i s e s ju d g m e n t and u s e s d i s c r e t i o n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r ­
g e n c ie s and s e c u r it y v io la t io n s e n c o u n t e r e d .
D e t e r m in e s w h e th e r f i r s t
r e s p o n s e s h o u ld b e to in t e r v e n e d ir e c t l y (a s k in g f o r a s s i s t a n c e w hen d e e m e d
n e c e s s a r y and tim e a llo w s ) , to k e e p s itu a tio n u n d e r s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e ­
p o r t s itu a tio n s o that it ca n b e h a n d le d b y a p p r o p r ia t e a u th o r ity .
D uties
r e q u ir e s p e c i a l i z e d tr a in in g in m e th o d s and t e c h n iq u e s o f p r o t e c t in g s e c u r it y
a r e a s . C o m m o n ly , th e g u a r d is r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s t r a t e co n tin u in g p h y s ic a l
f it n e s s and p r o f i c i e n c y w ith f i r e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .
C la s s B .
C a r r i e s ou t in s t r u c t io n s p r i m a r i l y o r ie n t e d to w a r d in ­
s u r in g that e m e r g e n c i e s and s e c u r it y v io la t io n s a r e r e a d ily d i s c o v e r e d and
r e p o r t e d to a p p r o p r ia t e a u t h o r ity . I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y o n ly in s itu a tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e m in im a l a c tio n t o s a fe g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
D u ties r e q u ir e
m i n im a l t r a in in g .
C o m m o n ly , th e g u a r d is n ot r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s t r a te
p h y s ic a l f it n e s s . M a y b e a r m e d , b u t g e n e r a lly is n ot r e q u ir e d to d e m o n s t r a te
p r o f i c i e n c y in th e u se o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o r k lift o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r th a n f o r k lif t )

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g ,
m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r
r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f ix t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and cle a n in g ,
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w
w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th e ft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m h a z a r d s
o r i n t e r f e r e n c e . D u tie s in v o lv e s e r v in g at a fix e d p o s t , m a k in g ro u n d s on
f o o t o r b y m o t o r v e h i c l e , o r e s c o r t i n g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M a y b e d e p u t iz e d
to m a k e a r r e s t s .
M a y a ls o h e lp v i s i t o r s and c u s t o m e r s b y a n s w e r in g
q u e s t io n s and g iv in g d i r e c t i o n s .




39

Service Contract
Act Surveys
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m in ­
is t e r in g th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A ct
o f 1965.
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a r e p u b ­
lis h e d in r e l e a s e s w h ic h a r e a v a ila ­
b l e , at no c o s t , w h ile s u p p lie s la s t
f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s
sh ow n on th e b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a (s t a te w id e )
A lb a n y , G a.
A le x a n d r ia —L e e s v i l l e , L a .
A lp e n a — ta n d ish —T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
S
Ann A r b o r , M ic h .
A tla n tic C it y , N .J .
A u g u s ta , G a .— .C .
S
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B a to n R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u n - O r a n g e , T e x .
B e a u m o n t-P o r t A rth u r-O r a n g e
and L a k e C h a r le s , T e x .—L a .
B ilo x i—G u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u la —
M o s s P o in t , M is s .
B in g h a m to n , N .Y .
B ir m in g h a m , A la .
B lo o m in g t o n — in c e n n e s , Ind.
V
B r e r n e r t o n — h e lto n , W a s h .
S
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
C e d a r R a p id s , Io w a
C h a m p a ig n —U rb a n a —R a n to u l, 111.
C h a r le s to n —N o rth C h a r le s t o n —
W a lt e r b o r o , S .C .
C h a r lo tte — a s to n ia , N .C .
G
C heyenne, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n .— y.
K
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia — u m t e r , S .C .
S
C o lu m b u s , G a .—A la .
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
D e c a tu r , 111.
D es M o in e s , Iow a
Duluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is .
S
E l P a s o — la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
T e x .—N. M e x .
E u g e n e — p r in g fie ld —M e d fo r d , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .




F o r t L a u d e r d a le — o lly w o o d
H
and W e s t P a lm B e a c h —
B o c a R a to n , F la .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .— k la .
O
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e rs t o w n C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d .—P a .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Is la n d —H a s t in g s , N e b r .
G uam , T e r r ito r y of
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
K n o x v ille , T e n n .
L a red o, Tex.
L a s V e g a s —T o n o p a h , N e v .
L im a , O h io
L it tle R ock r-N orth L it tle R o c k , A r k .
L o g a n s p o r t — e r u , Ind.
P
L o r a in —E l y r i a , O h io
L o w e r E a ste rn S h o re , M d - V a - D e l .
M a c o n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a in e (s t a te w id e )
M a n s f ie ld , O h io
M c A lle n —P h a r n -E d in b u r g
and B ro w n s v i l l e —H a r lin g e n —
San B e n it o , T e x .
M e r id ia n , M i s s .
M id d le s e x , M o n m o u th , and
O c e a n C o s . , N .J .
M o b ile — e n s a c o la —P a n a m a C ity ,
P
A la .—F la .
M on ta n a (s t a te w id e )
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T en n .
N ew B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C .
N ew H a m p s h ir e (s t a te w id e )
N ew L o n d o n —N o r w ic h , C on n .—R .I.
N o rth D a k ota (s t a te w id e )
N o r th e r n N ew Y o r k
N o r th w e s t T e x a s
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a r d — im i V a lle y — e n tu r a , C a lif.
S
V
P e o r i a , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h —D u r h a m , N .C .
R e n o , N ev.
S a lin a , K a n s .

S a lin a s — e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
S
S a n d u s k y , O h io
San ta B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r ia —
L o m p o c , C a lif.
S a va n n a h , G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h re v e p o rt, La.
S ou th D a k ota (s ta te w id e )
S o u th e rn Idaho
S ou th w e st V ir g in ia
S p o k a n e , W ash .
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S to c k to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u c s o n —D o u g la s , A r iz .
T u ls a , O kla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ic h .
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V ir g in Is la n d s o f the U .S .
W a c o and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a t e r lo o —C e d a r F a l l s , Iow a
W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W ic h it a F a lls —L aw ton —A ltu s ,
T e x .— k la .
O
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—M d.
Y a k im a —R ich la n d — e n n e w ick —
K
P e n d le t o n , W a sh .— r e g .
O

A LSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n t ­
a n ts , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c ­
t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s ,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a f t e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 1 9 8 0, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t i v e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 7 , $ 2 .4 0
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o f f i c e s sh o w n on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in ­
te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n ­
m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n ,
D .C , 2 0 4 0 2 .

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e la t e s t b u lle tin s a v a ila b le is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
B u lle tin s
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on th e b a c k
c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g
O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 .
M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le to S u p e rin te n d e n t o f
D o cu m e n ts.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g th e y e a r s
1970 th r o u g h 1 9 7 6 , is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t .

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 7 _______________________ __________________
A lb a n y —S c h e n e c ta d y —T r o y , N . Y ., S ep t. 1977 ------------------------A n a h e im —San ta A na—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f ., O c t . 1 9 7 7 ---------------- ----------------------- ---------------------------------A t la n t a , G a ., M a y 1978 1-------------------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d ., A u g . 1 9 7 8 1 ------------------------------------------------------B i l l i n g s , M o n t ., J u ly 1 9 7 8 _______________________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 19 7 8 ---------------------------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 8 1 -------------------------------------------------------B u ff a lo , N . Y ., O c t . 1977 ......... .................................................................
C a n to n , O h io , M a y 1 9 7 8 _________________________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .—G a ., S e p t. 1978 1 -------------------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 19 7 8 .... .........................................................................
C in c in n a t i, O h i o - K y .—I n d ., J u ly 1978__________________________
C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t. 1 9 7 8 _____________________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1 9 7 7 ---------------------------------------------------------C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x ., J u ly 1 9 7 8 .........................................................
D a l l a s - F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 7 ....... ......................................D a v e n p o rt—R o c k Is la n d — o lin e , Iow a—111., F e b . 1 9 7 8 ---------M
D a y to n , O h io , D e c . 1977 1-----------------------------------------------------------D a y to n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 19 7 8 ________________________________
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1977 1----------------------------------------D e t r o it , M i c h ., M a r . 19 7 8 ----------------------------------------------------------F r e s n o , C a l i f . , Jun e 1978 1 -------------------------------------------------------G a in e s v il le , F l a . , S e p t. 1 9 7 8 ------------------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1 9 7 8 1 ----------------------------------------------------G r e e n s b o r o — in s t o n -S a l e m — ig h P o in t,
W
H
N . C . , A u g . 1 9 7 8 ...........................................................................................
G r e e n v ille —S p a r ta n b u r g , S .C ., June 1978_____________________
H a r t f o r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1978 1 ----------------------------------------------------H o u s to n , T e x ., A p r . 19 7 8 ________________________________________
H u n t s v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 8 ....................................................................
I n d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., O c t . 1 9 7 7 ------------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1 9 7 8 ----------------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 7 ---------------------------------------------------K a n s a s C it y , M o .—K a n s ., S e p t. 1 9 7 7 ----------------------------------------L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t. 1 9 7 7 --------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d ., N o v . 1977 1---------------------------------------------M e m p h is , T e n n .—A r k .—M i s s ., N o v . 1 9 7 7 --------------------------------




B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
1 9 5 0 -7 0 , 80 c e n ts
1 9 5 0 -5 2 , 80 c e n ts
1 9 5 0 -6 0 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 8 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 0 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 8 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 5 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 8 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 2 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 2 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 9 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 4 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 5 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 4 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 5 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 1 ,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
80 c e n ts
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
70 c e n ts
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
70 c e n ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0

2 0 2 5 -4 6 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 0 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 4 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 6 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 7 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 4 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 1 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 6 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 3 ,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
70 c e n ts
$ 1 .0 0
70 ce n ts
70 c e n ts
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
70 c e n ts

A rea
M ia m i, F l a . , O c t . 1 9 7 7 ............................... ........................... ............. .
M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1978 1 _________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n .—W i s . , Jan. 1978 1_____________
N a s s a u - S u f f o lk , N . Y ., June 1978 1 ____________________________
N e w a r k , N .J ., J a n . 1978 1 _______________________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., J a n . 1 9 7 8 __________________________________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .—N .J ., M a y 1978 1_____________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—
N .C ., M a y 1 9 7 8 ...................................... ....................................................
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h - P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N ew s— a m p to n , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1978____________
H
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1978____________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., A u g . 1978______________________________
O m a h a , N e b r .—Io w a , O c t . 1977 1 ___________ ____________________
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1978 1 _______________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1 9 7 7 ......... .............. ....................... .
P it t s b u r g h , P a ., Jan . 1 9 7 8 . . . . _________________________________
P o r t la n d , M a in e , D e c . 1 9 7 7 . . .____________________ ,___________
P o r t la n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1978____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., Jun e 1978 1 ______________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n — e w b u r g h , N .Y ., June 1978 1 _____
N
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w ic k —P a w t u c k e t , R .I .—
M a s s . , June 1978_______________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1 9 7 8 ______________________________________
St. L o u is , M o , - H l . , M a r . 1 9 7 8 ...^ ______________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f ., D e c . 1977 1_______________________________
S a g in a w , M i c h ., N o v . 1 9 7 7 .____________________________________
Salt L a k e C ity—O g d e n , U tah , N o v . 1 9 7 7 ______________________
San A n t o n io , T e x ., M a y 1978______________________________ ____
San D ie g o , C a l i f ., N o v . 1977 1_________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1_________________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1___________________I_________ ____
S e a ttle — v e r e t t , W a s h ., D e c . 1977_______________ ____________
E
South B e n d , I n d ., A u g . 1978____________________________________
T o le d o , O h io — ic h ., M a y 1978 1______________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S ep t. 1 9 7 7 _______________________________________
U tica — o m e , N .Y ., J u ly 1978__________________________________
R
W a s h in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a . M a r . 1978 1 ____________________
W ic h it a , K a n s ., A p r . 1978______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1978 1 _______________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1978 1.......................... ....................................................

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
1 9 5 0 -5 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 8 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -7 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 5 ,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1.40
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1.30
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1.50

2 0 2 5 -2 0 ,

70 ce n ts

2 0 2 5 -2 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 0 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 5 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 6 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 2 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 9 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 5 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 2 ,

80 ce n ts

2 0 2 5 -2 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 6 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 2 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 8 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 7 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 0 ,
2 0 2 5 -9 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 5 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 4 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 4 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 4 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 2 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 6 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 9 ,
2 0 2 5 -8 ,

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

$ 1.00
$ 1.00
$

1.10

$ 1.20
$

1.20

$ 1.10
70 ce n ts

$ 1.00
$ 1.10
$ 1.20
$ 1.40
80 ce n ts

$ 1.20
$ 1.00
70 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
70 ce n ts
$ 1.10
$ 1 .4 0

$ 1.20
80 ce n ts

$

1.00

$ 1.20

70 ce n ts

$ 1.00
$ 1.40
80 ce n ts

$ 1.10
$ 1.10

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region It

Region 111

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone 399-5406 (Area Code 212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (A reaC o de215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
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D istrict o( Colum bia
Maryland
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Alabama
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M ississippi
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Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

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Phone:353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 G riffin Square Building
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Federal O ffice Building
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Phone: 374-2481 (A reaC o de816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
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Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
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VII
Iowa
Kansas
M issouri
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IX

X

Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Alaska
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Illinois
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Ohio
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