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AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e C h attan o o g a, T e n n e s s e e —G eorgia,
M e tro p o lita n A re a , S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 0

B u lle tin

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

1 6 8 5 -1 0

/ Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-B Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e C h attan o o g a, T e n n e s s e e —G eo rg ia,
M e tro p o lita n A re a , S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 0

B u lle tin

1 6 8 5 -1 0
November 1970

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 3 5 cents




P re fa c e

C o n te n ts
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry division for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction__________________________________ —
-----------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups___________________

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents the survey results. After completion of all
of the individual area bulletins for a round of surveys, two
summary bulletins are issued. The first brings data for
each of the metropolitan areas studied into one bulletin.
The second presents information which has been projected
from individual metropolitan area data to relate to geo­
graphic regions and the United States.

A. Occupational earnings:
A -l. Office occupations—
men and women-----------------------------------A -2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and

7

A-3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined-----------------------------------------------------------------------A-4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations—
A-5. Custodial and material movement occupations----------------

10
11
12

Ninety areas currently are included in the pro­
gram. In each area, information on occupational earnings
is collected annually and on establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions biennially.

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B -l. Minimum entrance salaries for women office
workers------------------------------------------------------------------------------B-2. Shift differentials________________________________
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours__________________________ -

14
15
16

B-5. Paid vacations__________________________________
B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans_______________

18
21

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga,, in September 1970. The Standard
Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Bureau
of the Budget through January 1968, consists of Hamilton
County, Tenn., and Walker County, Ga. This study was
conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Atlanta, Ga.,
under the general direction of Donald M. Cruse, Assistant
Regional Director for Operations.




1
5

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected periods---------------------------------

Appendix. Occupational descriptions_______________

NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back cover.)
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s a n d s u p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in the C h a t t a n o o g a a r e a i s
a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r h o s p i t a l s ( M a r c h 1 9 6 9 ).
U n io n s c a l e s ,
in d ica tiv e of p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a l s o a v a ila b le fo r
se v e n s e le c t e d building t r a d e s .

iii

6

23




In t r o d u c t i o n
This area is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide basis.1 In this area, data were
obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to represent­
ative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services. Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publi­
cation criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours
are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the
standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which em­
ployees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay
for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earn­
ings for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in
an area at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational
averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes. The
averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and
employment patterns. For example, proportions of workers employed
by high- or low-wage firms may change or high-wage workers may
advance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates.
Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average
even though most establishments in an area increase wages during
the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table
2 , are better indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within
the groups.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (l) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. The earnings data following
the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some
of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions
within occupations, are not presented ‘in the A-series tables, because
either (l) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough
data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure
of individual establishment data. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in all industries combined data,
where shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification
when a subclassification of secretaries or truckdrivers is not shown
or information to subclassify is not available.
1

In c lu d e d in the 9 0 areas are fou r stu d ies c o n d u c te d u nder c o n tr a c t w ith

D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r.

T h ese

areas are B in g h a m to n (N e w Y o r k

p a tio n s o n ly ) ; S y r a c u s e ; and U t i c a — R o m e .

Y ork S ta te

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure

p o r tio n o n ly ) ; R o c h e s te r ( o f f i c e o c c u ­

In a d d it io n , th e Bureau co n d u cts m o r e l i m i t e d a rea studies

in 7 7 areas at the req u est o f th e W a g e an d H ou r D iv is io n o f the U . S .




the N e w

The averages presented reflect composite, areawide esti­
mates. Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. Similarly, differences in average pay levels
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishments. Other possible factors which may con­
tribute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differences
in progression within established rate ranges, since only the actual
rates paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties
performed, although the workers are classified appropriately within
the same survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying
employees in these surveys are usually more generalized than those
used in individual establishments and allow for minor differences
among establishments in the specific duties performed.

D e p a r t m e n t o f Labor.

1

2

among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate
the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in
occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the
earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B-series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to plant and office workers. Data for industry divisions not
presented separately are included in the estimates for "all industries."
Administrative, executive, and professional employees, and construc­
tion workers who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
"Plant workers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory
workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice func­
tions. "Office workers" include working supervisors and nonsuper­
visory workers performing clerical or related functions. Cafeteria
workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing industries, but
included in nonmanufacturing industries.
Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers (table
B -l) relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the optimum
sampling techniques used, and the probability that large establish­
ments are more likely to have formal entrance rates for workers
above the subclerical level than small establishments, the table is
more-representative of policies in medium and large establishments.
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (1) establishment policy, 2 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms
of workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Scheduled
weekly hours are those which a majority of full-time employees were
expected to work, whether they were paid for at straight-time or
overtime rates.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and
pension plans (tables B-4 through B-6) are treated statistically on
the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if
2
d itio n s:
la t e

An
(1 )

sh ifts.

e s t a b lis h m e n t w as

O p e r a te d
An

sh ifts during the

la t e sh ifts

e s t a b lis h m e n t w as

c o n sid e r e d as h a v in g

a t th e t i m e
c o n sid e r e d

of




i f it m e t e it h e r o f th e fo llo w in g

or (2 ) had

fo r m a l p r o v isio n s

c o v e r in g

Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on holi­
days granted annually on a formal basis; i.e., (l) are provided for
in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday and the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to a
statistical measure of vacation provisions. It is not intended as a
measure of the proportion of workers actually receiving specific bene­
fits. Provisions of an establishment for all lengths of service were
tabulated as applying to all plant or office workers of the establish­
ment, regardless of length of service. Provisions for payment on
other than a time basis were converted to a time basis; for example,
a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equiv­
alent of 1 week's pay. Only basic plans are included. Estimates
exclude vacation bonus and vacation-savings plans and those which
offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans with
qualifying lengths of service. Such exclusions are typical in the steel,
aluminum, and can industries.
Data on health, insurance, and pension plans (table B-6) in­
clude those plans for which the employer pays at least a part of the
cost. Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose. An establishment was considered to have a plan if
the majority of employees was eligible to be covered under the plan,
even if less than a majority elected to participate because employees
were required to contribute toward the cost of the plan. Legally
required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social security,
and railroad retirement were excluded.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured during illness or accident disability. Information is
presented for all such plans to which the employer contributes. How­
ever, in New York and New Jersey, which have enacted temporary
disability insurance laws which require employer contributions, plans
are included only if the employer (l) contributes more than is legally
required, or (2) provides the employee with benefits which exceed the
con ­
requirements of the law. Tabulations of paid sick leave plans are

as h a v in g fo r m a l p r o v isio n s i f i t ( 1 ) h a d o p e r a te d la t e

12 m o n th s p rior to th e s u r v e y ,

la t e sh ifts.

a p o lic y

th e su r v e y ,

a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for
the practices listed. Sums of individual items in tables B-2 through
B-6 may not equal totals because of rounding.

or ( 2 ) h a d p r o v isio n s in w r itte n

fo r m

for o p e r a tin g

3
co n tr ib u tio n s.

The

tem p orary

d is a b ility

la w s

in

C a lif o r n i a

an d

Rhode

Is la n d

do

not

req u ire

e m p lo y e r

3

limited to formal plans 4 which provide full pay or a proportion of the
worker's pay during absence from work because of illness. Separate
tabulations are presented according to (1) plans which provide full pay
and no waiting period, and (2) plans which provide either partial pay
or a waiting period. In addition to the presentation of the proportions
of workers who are provided sickness and accident insurance or paid
sick leave, an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive
either or both types of benefits.
4
m in im u m
w r itte n ,

An

e s ta b lis h m e n t

num ber o f
but

in fo r m a l




days o f
sic k

w as

sic k

le a v e

c o n sid e r e d

le a v e

as

h a v in g

a v a ila b l e to

a llo w a n c e s ,

a fo r m a l

each

d e t e r m in e d

p la n if

e m p lo y e e .

o n an

it

e s ta b lis h e d

S u ch a p la n

in d iv id u a l

b a sis,

at

n eed not

w ere

le a s t
be

e x c lu d e d .

Major medical insurance includes those plans which are de­
signed to protect employees in case of sickness and injury involving
expenses beyond the coverage of basic hospitalization, medical, and
surgical plans. Medical insurance refers to plans providing for com­
plete or partial payment of doctors' fees. Dental insurance usually
covers fillings, extractions, and X-rays. Excluded are plans which
cover only oral surgery or accident damage. Plans may be under­
written by commercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations
or they may be paid for by the employer out of a fund set aside for
Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
the this purpose.
those plans that provide regular payments for the remainder of the
worker's life.

4

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ithin s c o p e o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r studied in C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .- G a ., '

by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 0
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts

I n d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y
W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y *

S tu d ie d

T o ta l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

P ercen t

T o t a l4

273

108

7 0 ,3 0 3

100

5 2 , 130

7 ,9 9 6

4 8 ,2 7 0

50
-

154
119

57
51

5 0 , 798
1 9 ,5 0 5

72
28

4 0 , 491
1 1 ,6 3 9

3 ,2 4 0
4 , 756

3 4 ,5 8 9
1 3 ,6 8 1

50
50
50
50
50

18
19
46
12
24

11
5
17
8
10

4, 027
1 ,7 8 0
6, 389
4 , 163
3 , 146

6
3
9
6
4

2 ,4 3 8

674

3, 533
527
4 , 251
3 ,7 9 4
1 ,5 7 6

A ll d i v i s i o n s ---------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 ------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e _____
— — —
—
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e -----S e r v i c e s 8 — -------—

O ffic e

(?)
(I)

(?)
(?)
(?)

(6 )

(6)

(6)

1 T h e C h a tta n o o g a S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f H a m ilto n C o u n ty , T e n n .; a n d W a lk e r C o u n ty , G a .
The
" w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
The e stim a te s
a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s
th e u s e o f e s t a b li s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d ie d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s . T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
C h a t t a n o o g a 's e l e c t r i c u t i l i t i e s a r e m u n ic i p a ll y
o p e r a t e d , a n d a r e e x c lu d e d b y d e f in itio n f r o m th e s c o p e o f stu d y .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : ( l ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s no t
d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n
o n ly in
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , an d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s (e x c lu d in g
r e l i g i o u s an d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A l m o s t t h r e e - f o u r t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e C h a tta n o o g a
a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y
g r o u p s and s p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
I n d u s tr y g r o u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s ----------------24
C h e m i c a l s a n d a ll ie d
p r o d u c t s — ______________________ 18
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ______17
F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _______7
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ---------- 7
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l _
_ 5

F a b r ic a te d s t r u c t u r a l m e ta l
p r o d u c t s -------------------------------- 11
P l a s t i c s m a t e r ia ls an d
s y n t h e t i c s ------------------------------ 9
F l o o r c o v e r i n g m i l l s ______________7
K n itt in g m i l l s -------------------------- 7
I r o n an d s t e e l f o u n d r ie s ----------- 6
M i s c e l l a n e o u s c h e m ic a l
p r o d u c t s -------------------------------- 5
Y a r n a n d t h r e a d m i l l s -------------- 5

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
shows the percentage change. The index is the product of multiplying
the base year relative (100) by the relative for the next succeeding
year and continuing to multiply (compound) each year's relative by the
previous year's index.

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a measure of wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields
the percentage change in wages from the base period to the date of
the index. The percentages of change or increase relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where
shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time
period between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations
were based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate
between surveys. These estimates are measures of change in aver­
ages for the area; they are not intended to measure average pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive of earnings for overtime. For plant worker groups, they
measure changes in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The percentages are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include most of the numerically important jobs within
each group.
Limitations of Data

Method of Computing

The indexes and percentages of change, as measures of
change in area averages, are influenced by: (1) general salary and
wage changes, (2) merit or other increases in pay received by indi­
vidual workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage increases,
average wages may have declined because lower-paying establishments
entered the area or expanded their work forces. Similarly, wages
may have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishments
entered the area.

Each of the following key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate em­
ployment in the occupational group:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m en ):
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
o p e ra to rs, c la s s B
C le rk s, a c c o u n tin g , c la s se s
A and B
C le rk s, f i l e , c la s se s
A , B, an d C
C le rk s, o rder
C le rk s, p a y ro ll
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
K ey p u n ch o p e ra to rs, c la s se s
A an d B
M e ssen g ers ( o f f ic e boy’s or
g irls)

O ffic e c l e r ic a l (m e n a n d w o m e n )—
C o n tin u ed
S e c r e ta r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l
S te n o g ra p h e rs, se n io r
S w itch b o a rd o p e ra to rs, c la s se s
A an d B
T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B
T y p is ts, c la s s e s A and B
In d u strial nurses (m e n and
w o m en ):
N u rses, in d u stria l ( r e g is te r e d )

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a ch in ists
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o tiv e )
P a in ters
P ip e fitte rs
T o o l a n d d ie m a k e rs
U n sk ille d p la n t (m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o rters, an d
c le a n e r s
L ab o re rs, m a te r ia l h a n d lin g

The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Where necessary, data were adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

The average (mean) earnings for each occupation were multi­
plied by the occupational weight, and the products for all occupations
in the group were totaled. The aggregates for 2 consecutive years
were related by dividing the aggregate for the later year by the aggre­
gate for the earlier year. The resultant relative, less 100 percent,




5

6




T a b le 2 .

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd

w e e k ly s a la r ie s

C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0

and

s tr a ig h t-tim e

h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d

O f f ic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n an d
w om en )

In d u str ia l
n u rse s
(m e n an d
w om en )

in

p e rio d s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A ll in d u s tr ie s
P e rio d

o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s

a n d S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 9 , a n d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

U n s k il le d
p la n t
w o rk ers
(m e n )

O f f ic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n an d
w om en )

In d u str ia l
n u rse s
(m e n a n d
w om en )

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

120. 6
109. 7

1 1 9 .9

no. 5

117. 9
1 1 1 .1

160. 8
133. 3

145. 4
1 2 1 .3

159. 2
135. 1

In d e x e s (A u g u st 196 7 = 1 0 0 )
S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 ---------------- — - -- --------S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 9 ------------------ - ---------------

-------—- -

118. 8
1 1 1 .1

120. 6
109. 7

119. 8
110. 7

117. 6
111. 3

119. 2
1 1 1 .2

I n d e x e s ( S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 0 = 100)
S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 --------------------- ----------------------------A u g u s t 1 9 6 7 --------- -------- -----------------------------------

150. 8
1 2 7 .0

160. 8
133. 3

144. 9
1 2 1 .0

159. 9
135. 9

154. 1
129. 4

P e rc e n ts of in c r e a se
6 .9
4. 5

9. 9
1 3. 1

8. 2
4. 8

5. 7
4. 9

7. 2
5. 5

9. 9
1 3. 1

8. 5
4 .6

6. 1
4. 8

6. 3
5. 8

6. 4
5. 9

5. 6
5. 2

6. 1
5. 6

5. 4
5. 0

6. 4
5. 9

5. 6
5. 2

6. 0
5. 5

S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 6 to A u g u s t 1 9 6 7 :
1 1 - m o n th i n c r e a s e — __________ _ --------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e . — ---------------------------

5. 4
5 .9

12. 4
13. 6

4. 5
4 .9

6. 7
7. 3

4 .6
5. 0

12. 4
13. 6

4. 2
4 .6

6. 5
7. 1

S e p te m b e r
S e p te m b e r
S e p te m b e r
S e p te m b e r
S e p te m b e r
S e p te m b e r

4.
3.
2.
2.
3.
3.

2.
4.
.
2.
.
6.

1 .7
3. 3
3. 7
1. 8
1. 8
2. 6

5.
3.
6.
3.
2.
4.

2.
3.
3.
3.
4.
3.

2.
4.
.
2.
.
6.

2. 3
3. 2
3. 6
1. 8
1 .9
2. 5

4.
2.
7.
2.
2.
4.

S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 9 to S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 ---- — ------------S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 8 to S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 9 — A u g u s t 1 9 6 7 to S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 8 :
1 3 - m o n th i n c r e a s e -------------------------- A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e -------------------------------

1

1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
I9 6 0

R e v ise d

to
to
to
to
to
to

S e p te m b e r
S e p te m b e r
S e p te m b e r
S e p te m b e r
S e p te m b e r
S e p te m b e r

1 9 6 6 ------------------1965 _ _ _
_ ___
1 9 6 4 ---1963
— — ---1 9 6 2 ---196 1 __ _______

0
7
1
6
5
1

9
6
5
6
5
2

5
3
0
1
9
0

9
7
8
5
2
5

9
6
5
6
5
2

e stim a te .

NO TE:
P r e v i o u s l y p u b l i s h e d i n d e x e s f o r th e C h a t t a n o o g a a r e a u s e d S e p t e m b e r I 9 6 0 a s th e b a s e
p e r io d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d to th e n e w b a s e p e r i o d b y d iv i d in g th e m b y th e c o r r e s p o n d i n g in d e x
n u m b e r s f o r A u g u s t 1 9 6 7 o n th e S e p t e m b e r I 9 6 0 b a s e p e r i o d a s sh o w n in t h e t a b l e .
( T h e r e s u l t sh o u ld
b e m u l t i p l i e d b y 1 0 0 .)

9
3
3
7
8
5

7
A.

O ccu p atio n al earnings

T a b l e A -1 .

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n

(A v e ra g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w eekly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s by in d u s try d iv isio n , C h attan o o ga, T e n n .- G a . , S e p te m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Se x , oc c up a t io n, and ind ustry div isi on

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Numb er of v o rk er s re c eiving st r a i g h t - t im e wee kly earning

s

$
55

Mean 2

Median ^

$
60

$
65

$
70

$
75

$
80

$
85

$
90

s

t
95

100

$

105

$

110

$

$
115

120

of—
$

125

s

$
130

140

$
150

$

$
160

170

and
under

Middle range2

60

180
and

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

ove r

M
EN
$

24
^ 0*0

$

1

135*00

16

39.5

70.00

64.50

6 2.5 0-

74.50

23

39.0

88.50

88.00

83.0 0-

93.50

39.5
39.0

107.00
101.50

103.50
94. j 0

9 0 .0 0 86 . 0 0 -

53
39

39.0
38.5

85.00
83.00

83.00
80.50

77.0 07 6.0 0-

88

39.5
39.5
39.5

103 " 0
109.00
110.50

111.00

39.5

1

1

W EN
OM

BILLERS,

MACHINE (BILLING

2

7

5

6

3

*
*
5

1

1

1

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

2
2
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL AS S B

. MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

56

32

107.50

112.00
88.00

131.50
126.00

94.50
97.50

39.5

89.50
95.00
85.00

79.50

38.5
40.0
37.5

78.00
83.50
74.50

76.50
79.00
73.00

7 0.0 076.5 068.50-

85.50
95.50
83.00

61
49

38.5
38.0

72.50
72.00

70.50
67.50

63.5063.00-

80.50
80.50

91
40

40.0
40.0

99.00
101.50

103.50

102.00

130
104
26

39.5
39.5
38.5

104.00
104.50

101.00

104.00
104.50
104.00

9 4 .0 0 9 6 .0 0 8 3 .0 0 -

126

39.0
40.0
38.5

95.00

93.00

95.50

92.50

39.0
40.0
38.5

83.50
88.50
80.50

83.50

7 4 .0 0 - 91.50

77.50

7 2.5 0-

46

r-

ar r
--

r-

37 5

69 50

69 r 0

76
Urwn.,.,/>..

r.

.

r-

^

^^ „

183

68

See fo o tn o te s at end of t a b le s.




5

9

1

-

-

-

3

3

8
8

*

21
1
20

32

16
27

33

20

1

1

1

26

20

i

1

22

on
20

21
21

8
8

15

22

J

33
18
15

6
6

33
26

25
16

23

J

15
3

12
10
2
14

11

3

i

3

2
2
20
12
8

10

3

7

3

3

2

11

28
23

3

J

2

8

3

2

2

1

-

1

1

3

1
20
10
12
12

3

12

9

14
13

28

20

22
21

18

1
1
1

13

1

3

34
18
16

20

14

11

8
6

27

30

11

8

5

1^

^6

3

13

5

13

5

12
7

43

20

29

39

17

20

1-5

-

8
2

2

1
6
7

1

1
1

8

J

3

5
5

1
1

2

14

C

116.00
114.50
120.50

85.50

4

2

2

8
-

8 7 .0 0 - 99.50
9 0 .0 0 - 99.00
8 0 .0 0 100.00

115

r- T ,

10

11

8 9.00-108.00
8 6.5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

1^0

f . f-n. ^ r-

13

7 7 .0 0 101.00
86 . 0 0 - 1 0 6 . 0 0
7 2 .0 0 - 95.50

109
AO
69

1
4

4

9 7 .5 0 120.00
9 7 .5 0 119.50 9 6.0 0-12 1.0 0

136

1

2

19

i
i

2

1
3

2
3

2

3

6
i

6

2
1

-

-

8
T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n and w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

( A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w ee kl y ho ur s and e a rn i n gs f o r se l e c t e d oc c u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s i s b y in du st r y d iv is io n, Chattanooga,
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Se x , o cc u pa t io n , and in dus tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

1

N um ber of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g st r a ig h t- tim e wee kly e a rn in g s of—
1

Average
weekly
M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

$

%

55
Mean 2

60

$
65

*
70

t
75

$
80

$
85

$
90

100

s
105

s
no

$
115

$

$

i

120

125

130

%
190

$

$

$

150

160

170

180
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

2

10
10

8
2
6

25
9
16

23
9
19

36
15
21

52
25
27

52
35
17

-

-

1

-

3
2
1

2

65

-

-

-

2

115

120

125

130

190

150

160

170

180

over

60
92
18

56
92
14

54
92
12

26
16
10

36
25
11

56
39
22

28
15
13

12
6
6

9
8
1

1
1

6

3
2
1

6
4
2

4
2
2

3
2
1

-

1

1

10
4
6

9
4
5

-

1

8
i
7

23
12
11

6

no

CONTINUEC

39.0
39.5
38.0

$
112.50
116.00
108.00

39.0
39.5
39.0

126.50
120.50
131.50

120.00 1 1 0 . 5 0 - 1 3 9 . 0 0
132.50

53
67

39.0
90.0
38.0

119.00
123.00
116.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

122
102
20

39.5
39.5
38.0

120.50
123.50
106.00

102.50

9 5.0 0-13 2.0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

265
155

110

39.0
39.5
38.0

103.50
107.50
98.00

109.00
109.50
96.00

9 2.5 0-11 5.5 0
1 00 .00-117.50
8 7.0 0-10 7.0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

171
92
79

39.5
40.0
39.0

98.50
101.50
94.50

97.50

101.00

8 7.0 0-10 9.5 0
9 1.0 0-11 1.5 0
8 2.0 0-10 8.0 0

“

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

181
75
106

39.5
39.5
39.0

109.50
111.50
99.50

112.00
96.50

9 2.5 0-11 9.5 0
1 02 .50-123.00
9 0.50-105.00

■

CLASS A --------

26

39.5

98.50

97.50

8 9.5 0-11 1.0 0

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

32
32

92.5
92.5

76.00
76.00

69.00
69.00

6 6.5 066.5 0-

90.50
90.50

-

4
4

15
15

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION 1STS MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

104
64
90

39.5
39.5
39.5

92.50
93.50
90.50

92.50
92.00
96.00

8 1.5 0-10 1.5 0
8 4.0 0-10 1.0 0
7 7.0 0-10 2.0 0

-

_

~

-

5
1
4

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------

22

39.0

121.00 1 2 3 . 5 0

1 10 .00-128.50

SECRET AH IE S ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

552
331

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

45

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

120

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------

221
21
29

113.50
109.50

$
$
9 8 .5 0-12 6.5 0
1C 3.5 0-12 7.5 0
9 2 .0 0-12 5.0 0

-

130.00

1 12.00-191.00

-

-

-

-

115.50-193.50

"

-

-

-

117.00
117.00
117.50

1 06.00-132.50
1 08.00-133.00
1 09 .00 -1 32 .50

_

-

-

4
4

-

119.00

1 02 .50-137.50

-

-

-

-

i
i

3
2
1

-

121.00 1 C 5 . 5 0 - 1 3 9 . 5 0

111.00

92.00
102.50

82

37.0

81.50

78.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

91

38.5

21

40.0

70

38.0

91.50
109.00
87.50

92.00
107.50
85.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

217
119
103

39.0
39.5
38.0

81.50
89.50
77.50

80.00
85.00
75.00

See foo tn ot es at end o f t a bl e s.




$

$
95

and
under
60

W
OMEN -

Tenn.—
Ga. , S e p t em b er 1970)

7 2.0 0-

-

2
2

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

5

3

15
11
4

12
11
1

4
3
i

7
7

7
5
2

9
3
6

3
2
1

15
10
5

ii
10
1

9
8
i

9
8
1

10
9
i

6
6
“

n
n

-

1
1
“

5
5

23
9
19

18
8
10

29
11
18

31
10
21

28
21
7

30
22
8

28
23
5

33
26
7

8
5
3

16
13
3

8
7
1

1
1

2
2

20
7
13

20
12
8

22
13
9

16
ii
5

18
13
5

18
9
9

16
14
2

11
6
5

5
2
3

6
3
3

3
1
2

-

_

-

-

n
8
3

n
10
1

10
8
2

5
4
1

1
1
“

2
1
1

-

-

-

9

4
4

-

5
3
2

1
1

6

13
7
6

1
8

-

1

18
10
8

3

-

1

1

11
3
8

-

~

1

3
3
“

-

_

i

1

4
2
2

_

3

1

3

_

-

2
2

3
-

-

i

i

3

-

-

-

-

“

1

i

3

29
10
19

29
1
23

22
2
20

29
11
13

17
11
6

18
8
10

-

1

i

2

3

2

9

1

i

1

2

3

-

-

“

i
1

1
1

3
3

8
8

-

4
2
2

13
3
10

16
13
3

7
7
_

16
16
“

15
6
9

10
3
7

9
9
~

3
i
2

4
2
2

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

1

“

i

-

5

-

2

5

2

-

1

87.50

-

-

12

_

6
6

2
2

-

_

28

-

-

10
18

6

20

15

12

7

2

5

5

1

-

1

1

i

-

-

-

-

19
19

5
1
9

8
i
7

8
i
7

4
2
2

21
8
13

6
5
1

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

i
i

-

-

-

*

11
2
9

98
13
35

39

32

32

12

4

_

-

1

_

_

25

9

12

9

1
1

_

19
18

9
6
3

16

20
19

7

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

88.50
93.50
83.00

_

-

8 1.00-106.50
1 01 .00 -1 11 .50
8 0 .0 0 - 99.50
7 3.0 076.5 071.0 0-

1

7

5
1

2

2

1
1

3

2
2

9
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C h a tta n oog a , T en n . , S e p te m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)
Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g stra igh t -tim e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—
i

$

t

i

*

1

$

$

$

$

$

$

F

$

%

$

$

$

s

%

%

hours1
standard)

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

1 8C

190

200

210

80

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is i

Average

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

"

“

”

“

3

3

2

5

1

1

“

3

_

_

3
1
2

4
1
3

7

-

-

1

-

-

-

1
1

1

-

-

-

75
Mean 2

Median ^

Middle range 2

and
u n d er

M
EN

CLASS A

26

39.5

$
158.00

$
$
$
157.50 1 3 3 .5 0 -1 7 6 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

34
17
17

39.0
40.0
38.0

118.00
120.50
115.50

122.00
123.00
115.00

1 04 .50 -1 32 .00
116.00-134.00
9 9 .0 0-13 2.5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

36
28

38.5
38.5

98.50
95.00

98.00
96.00

9 1.50-105.00
90.0 0-10 2.5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -----------------

17

39.0

127.00

131.00

1 12 .50-141.00

URAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

113
108

40.0
40.0

143.00
143.50

143.00
143.00

98
96

108.00
108.00

106.00
105.00

1 00 .00 -1 20 .00
9 9.50-120.00

33
33

40.0
40.0

144.00
144.00

147.50
147.50

1 29 .00 -1 58 .00
1 29 .00 -1 58 .00

~

~

3

l

~

4

”

2

i

2
2

“

7
5
2

3
1
2

3
2
1

6

2

3
1
2

6

1
1

-

1

~

-

~

“

1
1

2
2

6

8
6

6

2
2

-

4

-

-

-

1

1

i

1

-

4

i

“

1 33 .00-152.00
1 33 .50 -1 52 .50

40.0
40.0

_

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

i

3

12
12

35
32

26
26

l

”

5
5

5
5

8
8

6
6

6
6

24
24

3
2

12
12

8
8

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

6

i
i

2
2

i
i

i
i

8
8

8
8

2
2

3
3

1
1

1

2

1

2
1
_

3
3

10
9

10
10

10
10

6

7

6

3
3

2
2

4
n

n

W EN
OM

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




2
2

.

-

“
-

10

T a b le A -3 .

O f f ic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C h a ttan oog a , T enn. — a. , S e p te m b e r 1970)
G
Average

Average

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) --------------------------------

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

62

3 8 .0

7 0 .0 0

19
43

4 0 .0
3 7 .0

7 1 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
11 2.50
11 6.00

3 9 .0

8 8 .5 0

35

22

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

10 7.00
10 1.50

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

553
332
221

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

53
39

3 9 .0
38 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

45
21
24

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
39 .0

12 6.50
12 0.50
13 1.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

112
73
39

39 .5
39 .5
3 9 .5

11 7.50
11 8.00
1 1 6.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

120
53
67

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38 .0

119.00
12 3.00
11 6.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

266
125
141

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 0 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

123
103
20

39 .5
39 .5
3 8 .0

120.50
12 3.50
10 6.00

CLASS A

29

3 8 .0

8 9 .5 0

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING -■

112

3 8 .5

A3
69

4 0 .0
37 .5

7 8 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —

61
49

38 .5
3 8 .0

7 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER —
MANUFACTURING

100

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10 2.00
10 6.50

-CLERKS, PAYROLL------MANUFACTURING --■
NONMANUFACTURING

139
28

3 9 .5
39 .5
38 .5

10 5.50
1 0 5.50
1 0 4.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

134
54
80

39 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 7 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

183

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

8 3 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

CLERKS,

FILE,

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




49

111

68
115

O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

Weekly
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND G I R L S ) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

23

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

Av stage
Number
of

-

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

TRANSCRIB1NG-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------------

82

3 7 .0

$
8 1 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

91
21
70

38 .5
4 0 .0
38 .0

9 1 .5 0
104.00
8 7 . 50

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

219
115

3 9 .0
39 .5

8 1 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

104

3 8 .0

7 8 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A

31

39 .5

15 5.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

37
18
19

39 .0
4 0 .0
38 .0

118.00
12 G .5 0
115.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

42
33

39 .0
38 .5

9 6 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------

16

3 9 .5

1 9 7.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------

20

3 9 .0

157.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

24
19

3 9 .0
38 .5

122.50
12 1.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

115
110

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

14 3.50
144.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

105
100

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10 9.50
10 9.00

33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

14 4.00
14 4.00

1 0 8.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

265
155
110

39 .0
3 9 .5
38 .0

10 3.50
1 0 7.50
9 8 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

171
92
79

39 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 8 .5 0
10 1.50
9 4 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

181
75
106

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 4.50
111.50
9 9 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A --------

26

3 9 .5

9 8 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

32
32

4 2 .5
4 2 .5

7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATUR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

104
64
40

39 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

29
20

39 .0
4 0 .0

11 9.50
1 1 9.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

33

9 8 .5 0

11
T a b le A -4 .

M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a tio n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C h a ttan oog a , T e n n .— a. , S e p te m b e r 1970)
G
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings^

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

1 .8 0
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

ov er

1
1

4
3

23
23

4
4

_

-

_

2

-

-

-

2
1

74
74

"

2

17
17

-

-

-

”

25
25

~

2
2
-

-

and
und er
1 .9 0

CARPENTERS , MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------

67
53

$
3 .3 4
3 .4 0

$
3 .3 9
3 .6 2

$
$
2 . 8 8 - 3 .7 4
3 . 0 4 - 3 .7 5

2
1

6
6

5
5

-

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING ---------------------

310
305

3 .7 6
3 .7 6

3 .7 8
3 .7 8

3 . 5 4 - 3 .9 9
3 .5 4 - 4 .0 0

8
8

4
4

2
2

6
6

16
16

52
48

62
62

68
68

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

40
31

3 .9 3
3 .9 5

4 .1 5
4 .4 1

3 .7 6 3 .9 3 -

4 .4 5
4 .4 6

2
2

_

_

_

1
1

i
-

4

~

8
8

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

88
67

2 .7 1
2 .7 3

2 .8 5
3 .0 1

2 .4 5 2 .3 9 -

3 .0 4
3 .0 5

_

-

35
35

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

106
105

3 .0 3
3 .0 2

3 .0 3
3 .0 3

2 .7 0 2 .7 0 -

3 .6 3
3 .6 3

2
2

9
8

10
10

-

-

-

36
36

-

-

~

~

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------

176
175

3 .7 5
3 .7 6

3 .8 1
3 .8 2

3 .7 0 3 .7 1 -

3 .8 8
3 .8 8

3
3

i
i

11
11

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILIT IES ----------

143
116
27
25

3 .3 1
3 .2 6
3 .4 9
3 .4 8

3 .2 9
3 .2 6
3 .5 9
3 .3 9

3 .0 3 2 .6 9 3 .2 6 3 .2 6 -

3 .6 5
3 .6 3
3 .6 9
3 .6 9

1
1

2
2
-

7
7
-

13
13
~
~

20
10
10
10

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

675
6 72

3 .8 0
3 .8 0

3 .7 5
3 .7 5

3 .5 6 3 .5 6 -

4 .3 3
4 .3 3

5
5

4
4

13
13

7
7

MANUFACTURING ---------------------

73
73

3 .9 6
3 .9 6

4 .4 1
4 .4 1

3 .7 1 3 .7 1 -

4 .4 6
4 .4 6

2
2

15
15

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

54
47

3 .4 1
3 .5 7

3 .3 4
3 .3 9

2 .8 4 3 .1 9 -

4 .4 1
4 .4 2

_

-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

94
82

3 .7 2
3 .8 8

3 .7 9
3 .8 9

3 . 1 2 - 4 .4 4
3 . 5 8 - 4 .4 5

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

64
64

3 .5 8
3 .5 8

3 .6 3
3 .6 3

3 .2 6 3 .2 6 -

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------

fo o tn o te s at end o f table




3 .9 3
3 .9 3

1

1

10
10

_

~

-

-

1

-

12
11

7
7

40
40

69
69

3
3

2
2
2

21
20
1
1

24
16
8
6

7
5
2
2

3
3
3

10
10
-

5
5

32
32

133
133

185
185

98
95

-

150
150

-

*

25
25

_

_

-

-

-

41
41

-

*

1
1

-

*

14
14

1
1

1
1

5
5

8
8

-

8
8

14
14

-

~

3
3

1
1

10
10

_

-

-

-

17
17

40
40

_

-

2
2

2
2

20
20

-

-

4
4

16
16

-

~

~

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

5
5

-

-

9
9

10
10

-

“

-

-

-

12
T ab le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C h a ttan oog a , T e n n .— a. , S e p te m b e r 1970)
G
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings3

*
1 .8 0

%

%

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

$
$
2 20 2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 . 50

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

t
2 .8 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

S
3 . 40

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

S
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

s.
4 .6 0

1 .7 0

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

»
1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10 2 20 2 30 2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 . 60 2 .7 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 . 60

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

16
11

60
2

101
1

4
3

63
19

6
6

39
37

20
19

3
3

23
23

9
9

25
25

16
15

2
2

67
67

“

2
2

10
10

-

-

-

5

-

30

16

3

23

7

25

15

2

52

-

-

-

2

10

%

Number
of
M ean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

U n d e r 1 *60
S
and
1 .6 0 under

*
2 .1 0

HEN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

469
254

$
2.08
2.6 4

$
1.8 4 -

$
2.72

2.70

2 .2 6 -

3.23

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

190

2.8 3

2.75

2 .3 8 -

3.23

64

2.31

2.1 3

1 .9 8 -

2.69

924
582

2.16

1
1
1
2

2.6
2.6
2.0
2.8

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------JANITURS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC UT I LI TI ES -----------------------

342
23

$
2.31

2 . 32
1.89

2.13
2.33
1.76

2.57

2.58

2.6 0
2.67

2.72
2.76

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1,48 2
1,311
171

2.04

URDER FI LLERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

202
137

2.47

PACKERS, SHIPPING ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

.8
.9
.6
.2

3
9
5
6

-

0
5
8
5

3

-

2.51

2.37
2.37

2 .3 2 2 .3 1 -

2.6 1
2.8 8

123
103

2.42
2.45

2.34
2.37

2 .1 1 1 .9 8 -

2.73
2.7 8

RECEIVING CLERKS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

74
60

2.66
2.64

2.64
2.68

2 .4 6 2 .4 3 -

2.76
2.77

83

2.79
2.84

2.76
2.79

2 .4 9 2 .5 3 -

3.13
3.16

TRUCKDRIVERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFAdURI NG---------------------------PUBLIC UT I LI TI ES ------------------------

44 7
258
189
47

2.94
2.9 3
2.96
3.68

2.6
2.6
2.8
3.8

2
2
2
2

-

3.67
3.48
3.67
4.45

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT ( UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

53
41

2.35
2.46

2.25
2.41

2 .0 7 2 .1 9 -

2.49
2.75

2.8
2.6
2.9
4.0

2.65
2.62
3.43
4.41

2 .2 1 2 .3 1 2 .0 9 -

3.6 3
3.01
3.67

3.7 8 -

3

14

6

7

3

-

-

2

-

-

-

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

61
41
20

117
86
31
2

50
32
18

70
58
12

47
21
26
5

92
89
3
1

12
3
9

29
20
9
4

133
127
6
-

29
27
2
2

48
39
9
6

-

15
15
-

4
4
-

2
~
2
2

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

26
18
8

26
26
-

37
31
6

115
96
19

52
46
6

46
2
44

70
30
40

104
104
-

61
57
4

88
88

213
2 13

291
291

177
177

105
105

5
5

-

_

-

2
2

7
7

22
17

4
4

95
55

10
-

12
2

2
2

6
6

32
32

-

-

6
6

4
4

_

-

3
3

14
14

12
12

-

18
8

5

26
21

3
3

9
9

10
10

-

16
16

i
1

-

-

6
6

-

-

i
i

-

2
1

10
10

10
10

n
6

9
3

22
22

2
2

2
2

-

-

2
2

-

5
“

15
14

_

1
1

ii
ii

1
1

15
10

6
6

15
13

3
3

32
27
5

18
18

35
8
27
12

31
31

42
40
2
“

10
4
6
~

10
2
8
~

37
36
1
1

14
13
1
1

~

1
1

i
i

6
4
2
”

41
39
2
~

7
3
4

-

-

-

70

1

61
15
46

-

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

2

125
9
116
1

-

2.21

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM 1 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UT I LI TI ES -----------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER TYPE) ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UT I LI TI ES -----------------------TRUCKERS, POWER ( FORKLI FT) -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le s




291
146
145
23

3
7
9
6

9
0
9
0

_

“

-

_

-

3

3

-

-

-

-

3

3

_

_

1
1

10
10

32
2
30
~

27
22
5
~

9
9
~

22
7
15
“

18
18
-

~

9
3
6
~

-

-

-

-

i

12

3

2
2

4.46

2
~

-

3.33

2 .4 1 -

4.25

3.10

2 .3 5 -

2.67
2.70

2.66

2 .4 3 2 .4 7 -

2.98
2.99

2

4.44

542

-

483

2.70

-

8
8

2

3.30

-

5
5

~

3.31

46
8
38

14
6

_
~

ii
3
8

-

~

1
~

24

-

-

i
~

52

-

66
22
44

29

2.88
2.91
2.31

.2
.4
.0
.4

-

11
29

2 .3 0 2 .4 5 1.7 0 -

9
8
1
7

“

6
4
2
~

_

-

_
“

”

21
20
1
1

1
1
1

2

6

-

9

_

-

_

4
4

23
23

10
10

66
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

i
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

5
5

5
5

-

_

_

_

6

58
10
48
4

57
47
10
7

58
10
48
4

14
7
7
4

-

6
i

6
-

6
i

-

1
1

-

7
7

21

-

-

~

-

-

“

“

21
21

_

_

-

-

_
-

~

12
12
12

-

"

104
104

14
14

79
79

25
25

97
97

116
115

4
2

-

7

9

3

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

12
-

-

-

9
9

4
2
2
~

-

-

-

13
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a nd m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----C o n tin u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C h a tta n oog a , T enn. —G a. , S e p te m b e r 1970)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings^

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u stry d iv is i

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range L

U n d e r 1 * 60 1 -7 0
S
and
1 * 6 0 under
1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 * 80 1* 90 2 * 00 2 - 1 0

2 ,2 0

2 * 30

2 * 40 2 * 50 2 ,6 0

2 * 70

2 .8 0

$
*
*
$
*
$
3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .9 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .8 0

3 ,0 0

3 .2 0

MEN - CONTINUED
TRUCKERS, POWER tOTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

J ANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




34
34

$
2 .6 2
2 .6 2

$
2 .6 9
2 .6 9

$
2 .2 8 2 .2 8 -

$
2 .9 5
2 .9 5

163
72
91

1 .9 3
1 .9 9
1 .8 8

1 .8 5
1 .9 0
1 .7 6

1 .7 3 1 .8 3 1 .6 9 -

2 .0 9
2 .1 1
2 .0 9

32
6
26

35
30

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

Z .6 0

2 .7 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

*
4 .0 0

*
4 .2 0

*
4 .4 0

4 .6 0

3 .8 0 4 . CO 4 . 2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

14

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t practices and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e

T a b l e B -1 .

M inim u m

provisions

e n t r a n c e s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s

(D is trib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o f f i c e w o r k e r s , C h a tta n oog a , T e n n .-G a . , S e p te m b e r 1970)
In e x p e rie n ce d ty p ists
M anufacturing
M inim um w eek ly s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r y 4

B ase

A ll
in d u str ie s

A ll
sch ed u les

108

14

on standard w eekly h ou rs 6 o f—
40

57

24

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ie d -------------------------------------------------------

14

3

3

1
1
3
4
1
1

1
1
3
4
1
1

6

3

XXX

40

N on m a n u factu rin g

B a se d on standard w eekly h ou rs
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

X XX

108

10

3

39

20

40

57

1

78

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c i fie d m in im u m ----------------------

A ll
sc h e d u le s

M anufacturing
A ll
in d u str ie s

51

1
4
2
2
2
4
5
1
2
1

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5
N on m a nufactu rin g

1
2
1
1
1
1

1
1

1
1
7
3
8
2
4
6

A ll
sc h e d u le s

b

o f—
40

51

19

X XX

19

10

1
1
4
3

3

3

3
2
3
4
2

5

2
4

1
2

1

3

3
2
2
4
2
3

1
1

1

2

1
1

1

2
4
1

3

XXX

13

7

X XX

6

XXX

56

30

XXX

26

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




38




Table

B-2.

S h ift differentials

( L a t e - s h i f t pay p r o v i s io n s for m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t w o r k e r s by type and am ount of p ay d iffe r e n tia l,
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t e m b e r 1970)

P e r c e n t of m a n u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
L ate -sh ift pay prov isio n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s 7
for late sh ifts

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on la te sh ifts

S eco n d shift

T h ir d o r oth er
shift

Secon d sh ift

T h ird o r oth er
sh ift

T o t a l _______________________________________________

90. 6

82. 9

22. 5

13. 0

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t _______

28. 1

1 1. 1

7. 5

2. 0

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t ___________

62. 5

7 1 .9

15 . 1

11. 0

__________________

59. 5

68. 9

14 . 2

10. 8

4 c e n t s _______________________________________
5 c e n t s ______________________________________
5 2 c e n t s _____________________________________
/5
6 c e n t s _______________________________________
7 c e n t s ______________________________________
8 c e n t s _____ _______________________________
9 c e n t s — ___________________________________
10 c e n t s ______________________________________
11 c e n t s ______________________________________
12 c e n t s ______________________________________
14 c e n t s ______________________________________
15 cents___________________________________
1 6 c e n t s ______________________________________
17 c e n t s ______________________________________
18 c e n t s ______________________________________
19 c e n t s ______________________________________
2 0 c e n t s ______________________________________
2 8 c e n t s ______________________________________

5. 9
4. 0
. 7
2 .9
3. 9
9. 7
2 .4
11. 5
2. 1
1 1.7
2. 0
. 1
. 7
-

T y p e an d am o u n t of d iffe re n tia l:
U n ifo r m ce n ts (p e r hour)

_

. 9
. 9
-

14. 1
9. 2
4. 9
1. 6
4. 8
3. 1
6. 7
7. 2
1. 4
11. 8
3. 1
. 9

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e __________________________

3. 0

3. 0

p e r c e n t ____________________________________
p e r c e n t ____________________________ _____
7 V2 p e r c e n t __________________________________

1. 1
1. 9

3

5

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b l e s .

_
1. 1
1.9

1. 9
. 5
. 1
. 5
. 9
3. 1
. 8
2. 0
. 2
3. 7
. 2
. 1
. 1
. 2
.

9

. 2
. 7

_
3.
1.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
2.
.
.

6

.

2

7
3
1
3
5
6
8

1
6
3

1

_
(8 )
. 1

16

T a b le B -3 .

S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u rs

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y s c h e d u le d w ee k ly h ou rs
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C h a tta n oog a , T e n n .- G a . , S e p te m b e r 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s
W eek ly h ou rs
A ll in d u s tr ie s

A ll w o r k e r s

-------

---------------------

------

100

M a n u fa ctu rin g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

100

85

100

6
58

87

69

2
3
(»)
78
11
1

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




31

10

1

17
T a b le B -4.

P a id h o lid a y s

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f pla n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s b y n u m b er o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , C h a tta n oog a , T e n n .- G a . , S e p te m b e r 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A ll in d u s tr ie s

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------- -------------------------

— _

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s ___
_
_____
___
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no paid h o l id a y s ----------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u str ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

90

94

100

99

100

100

10

6

-

1

-

-

1
2
4
17
1
14
4

1
3
4

1

_

(’ )

(’ )
7

-

3

9

(’ )
16
4

-

-

-

-

66
1
4

24
2
19
1
5
9
1
13
20
3

N u m b e r o f days
2 h o l id a y s ------------------------------------------ -------------------3 h o lid a y s - ------- --------- ------------ ------- _
4 h o l id a y s ______ __________ ___________ ______
5 h o lid a y s — -----------------------------------------------------------5 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------- ---6 h o l id a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------7 h o l id a y s --------------------------------------------_ _____
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y — ____________ _____ _
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------8 h o lid a y s — — — ---------------------------------- _
___
9 h o l id a y s ________ _______________ ____
10 h o lid a y s __________________________________ ______

10
33
4

10

9

42
5

_
-

13
8
8

0

3

-

20

_

10
-

2

9

(’ )

_

-

2

_

13
46
6

55

6
53
53
67
67
69
90
90
93
99
99
100

4
16
16
72
72
81
91
91
100
100
100
100

13
4

T o t a l h o lid a y t im e 10
10 d a y s ------- --------------------------------------------- — _
9 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e - --------------------------------------------- _
8 d a y s o r m o r e __ ____ _i___ __ _____________________
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e — -----------------------------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e __________________________________ __
6 d a y s o r m o r e — ____
_______________ ____
5 V2 d a y s o r m o re l.---------------------------------------------------5 days o r m o re
____
______
_
4 d a y s o r m o r e — -------------------------------------- -------3 days o r m o r e — ------------------------- ----------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




4

37
37
47
47
51
66
66
84
87
89
90

5
47

47
56
56
60
76
76
86
90
93
94

4

5
5
71
71
79
87
87

3
23
23
36
45
51
70
72

100

95

100
100
100

98
98
99

18

T a b le B -5.

P a id v a c a t i o n s

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f pla n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y p r o v is i o n s , C h a tta n oog a , T e n n .- G a . , S e p te m b e r 1970)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a ca tio n p o l ic y

A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u str ie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
79
19
1

97
73
24

100
100

100
99
(9)

100
99
1

100
100

-

-

2

3

19
5
i
i

23
4
1
1

i
82
3
12
(9)

(9)
82
2
14
-

n
67
5
26
(9)

A ll in d u str ie s

M eth od o f pa y m en t
W o r k e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t io n s -------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f-t im e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e pa y m en t------------------------------------------O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no pa id v a c a t io n s --------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

■

"

_

■

4
48

2
43
15
2

4
38
-

-

2
53
7
1

_
87
13
-

_
32
2
66
1

_
30
2
67
2

_
85
15
-

(9)
74
5
19
-

_
42
58

_
11
1
87
1

_
18
80
2

13
87

(9 )
27
4
64
1
2

(9)
29
4
62
1
2

_
10
90
-

_
4
1
93
1
1

_
4

_
10
90
-

24
4
67
1
2

26
4
65
1
2

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 1
1
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n der 1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

-

*

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e
U n der 1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n der 1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------

-

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n der 1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

93
2
2

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------- -------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




10

3

-

1

90

94
1
1

-

2
95
2
2

10
-

90
-

19

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a t i o n s -----C o n tin u e d

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay p r o v is i o n s , C h a tta n oog a , T e n n .- G a . , S e p te m b e r 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o l ic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u str ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A m ou n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 1 — C on tin u ed
1

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ---------------------- --------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------- ------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------- ----------------------------------------------------

_

2
73
3
23

1
26
1
68
4

1
30
2
57
10

28
72
-

1
24
1
69
(’ )
4

1
27
2
60
10

21
79
-

1
20
1
56
8
15

1
21
2
43
4
29
"

21
66

12
70
2
13

8
1
39
3
40
1
8

7
(9)
34
3
42
1
10

8
1
35
2
43
1
8

(’ )
30
3
46
1
10

8
1
26
2
45
3
12
1

7
21
2
46
4
15
1

8
1
25

-

-

-

-

20

18

-

-

-

22
2
33
1
7

23
2
35
1
9

18
1
30

21
2
14

-

-

77

45

-

-

100
-

_

2
i
83
5
9

12
1
73
2
10

100
-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w p p Vs _ ___ __
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s _____________________________________________

_
23
77
-

"

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________ _______

7

_
18
82
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s __ ___ ______ ___ ___ _______ ____
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s - --------------- ------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s ------------------------- --------

18
79
-

3

-

13
"

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------ ----------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------------ --------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




7

_
5

1

4

1

-

52
10

-

21
7
-

72
-

20

T a b le B -5.

P a id v a c a t i o n s -----C o n tin u e d

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f pla n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay p r o v is i o n s , C h a tta n oog a , T e n n .-G a . , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o l ic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u str ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 1 ---- C on tin u ed
1

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

.

8
1
24
17
2
34
1
13

7
_
20

8
1
24

7

_

-

-

-

20

-

-

18
-

17
2
34
1
13
-

15
2
39
1
14
-

17
1
19

8
1
24
17
2
33
1
8
6

7
20
15
2
38
1
7
7

-

15
2
39
1
14

_
18
_
-

44
-

39

1
_
17
1
19
_
51
12

1

1

21
2
11

21

_

49
_
16

40
_
39

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s ------------------------- ---------5 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s - ----------------------------------------------------------------

-

40
42
-

1

11
1

1
_
21
2
11
_
49
14
2

1
17
1
19

1
21
2
11

-

51
-

_
21

_
_

_
39
39
-

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------5 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




_
18
-

40

.

21
_

-

-

_

50

48

39

-

-

-

-

42

9
3

8
8

39

21

T a b le B -6.

H e a lt h , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s

( P e r c e n t o f plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s em p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n b e n e fit s , C h a tta n oog a , T e n n .-G a . , S e p te m b e r 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
fin a n cin g 12

A ll in d u str ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u str ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g at
le a s t 1 o f the b e n e fits show n b e l o w ____________

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

98

100

100

99

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------- —
N o n co n trib u to r y p l a n s --------------------------------A c c id e n t a l dea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------------------------N o n co n trib u to r y p l a n s --------------------------------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b oth 13--------- ----- --------------------

94
49

97
49

100
88

95
39

95
40

100
89

59
34

59
33

89
76

55
33

56
26

90
79

70

75

53

85

79

77

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e — __ —
N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s --------------------------S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w aitin g p e r io d )-------------------------------------------S ic k le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d )--------------------------------------------

60
34

71
41

13
3

59
41

67
40

7
3

10

10

9

56

53

52

8

3

34

9

4

23

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e - ----------------------------N o n co n trib u to r y p l a n s ---------- ------------------S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e — _ ----------------------------- —
N o n co n trib u to r y p l a n s ------- ---------------------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ____ ______ _____ _____ —
N o n co n trib u to r y p l a n s ----- ---------- -----------M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e — --------------------------N o n co n trib u to r y p l a n s --------------------------------D en tal in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ----- ------------- --------R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n -------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r ib u to r y p l a n s ---------------------------------

95
51
95
51
73
35
63
26
2
2
58

96
54
96
54
69
34
55
22
2
2
60
55

100
78
100
78
100
78
100
78
3
3
58

99
50
99
50
93
49
94
43
5
2
81
62

99
56
99
56
89
54
88
39
12
4
78
61

100
79
100
79
100
79
100
79

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b les




52

54

-

42
41

22
F o o tn o tes

A l l of t h e s e s t a n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y n ot a p p l y to t h i s b u l l e t i n .

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at
regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates
position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by
2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger or office girl.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the m ost common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose form al provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 L ess than 0.05 percent.
9
L ess than 0.5 percent.
10 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total
of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then
were cumulated.
1 Includes payments other than "length of t im e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an equivalent
1
time b a sis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service were chosen arbitrarily
and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progression. For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estim ates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for 3 weeks' pay or
m ore after 10 years includes those eligible for 3 weeks' pay or m ore after fewer years of service.
12 Estim ates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
plans" include only those plans financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirem ent.
1 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
3
limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l

D e s c rip tio n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l is h m e n t t o e s t a b l is h m e n t and
fr o m a re a to a re a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
t o e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B I L L E R . M A C H IN E

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — C o n t in u e d

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic t y p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l t o b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h i n e , a s f o l l o w s :

P o s it io n s

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b il li n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il li n g m a c h in e ( M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t i o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s
and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a ll y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n th e b i l l i n g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l ly in v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o ft e n d o n e o n a fa n fo l d
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m i n g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a ll y th e
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
and s ta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

CLERK,

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w it h o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a ctio n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r in g a k n o w l e d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w it h th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s
b y h a n d.
C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u i r in g li t t l e k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b il li n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e tc . M a y ch e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s p o s t in g t o r e g i s t e r s a n d l e d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g th e in t e r n a l c o n s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , a n d m a t h e m a t ic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
a n d v e r i f y i n g f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a t i o n s , p o s t in g , e t c . ;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w ork
in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .




c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f ic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
r e c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s a n d a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t io n .
e s f a m i l i a r w it h th e b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
b u t i s n o t r e q u i r e d t o h a v e a k n o w l e d g e o f th e f o r m a l

NOTE:

S in c e th e l a s t

s u r v e y in t h is

area ,

c la s s ifie d

in to l e v e l s

o n th e b a s i s

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

d e f in i t io n s .

C la s s B .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s t in g to
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s a n d l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e
c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y a n d c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d a n d r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a n d c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g c o d e s .

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f
w h ic h r e l a t e s t o th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g a n d
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k ,
p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g .

a re

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h
r e q u i r e th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m ­
p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it i v e a c c o u n t i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f
p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s a n d c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s t h r o u g h p r e v i o u s
a c c o u n t i n g a c t i o n s t o d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay b e a s s is te d b y on e o r m o r e
c l a s s B a cco u n tin g c l e r k s .

F IL E

C la s s A .
In an e s t a b l i s h e d f i li n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t io n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i le s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t if ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M ay p e r fo rm
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i li n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ir e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK, ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o l v e a n y c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t an o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s t o m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s o n o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w it h o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

CLERK, PAYR OLL
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta o n th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o l v e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t im e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a ta o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d i s t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a l c u l a t i n g m a c h in e .

th e B u r e a u h a s d i s c o n t in u e d

23

c o lle c t in g

d a ta f o r

o ile r s

and

p lu m b e rs .

24
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b i s n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w it h th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r t y p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y i n v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t , in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o t h e r d u t ie s .

P o s it io n s

a re

m a c h in e

c la s s ifie d

to

record

in t o l e v e l s

o r v e r ify

o n th e b a s i s

a lp h a b e t ic

a n d /o r n u m e r ic

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

d e f in i t io n s .

C la s s B .
W o r k i s r o u t in e a n d r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e
li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t in g o f d a t a t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g i n f o r m a t io n .
M E S S E N G E R ( O f f i c e B o y o r G ir l)
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s th a t r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t d u ty .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e in d iv i d u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a il e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
(a ) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l in q u i r i e s
t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in t m e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d t y p in g w o r k .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e n a t u r e a n d d i f f ic u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x clu s io n s
N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s th a t a r e t it l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f in i t io n a r e a s f o l l o w s ; (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
t y p e d u t i e s ; (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d ) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t ie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in i t io n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E ; T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f in i t io n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w it h r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " t h o u g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s id e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a ll y o n in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l lo w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s A
a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

d.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

oth e r

e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

e.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d l e
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll , o v e r 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is n ot e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e f in i t io n f o r * c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l ly d i v id e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o ft e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l i n c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; _or

C la s s

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o £

than

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f? s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M any co m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STENO G RAPH ER, G EN ERAL
P r i m a r y d u ty is t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n .
M ay
a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s . )
S T E N O G R A P H E R , S E N IO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n
cop y .
M a y a l s o s e t up a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u i r in g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e f o l l o w i n g ; W o r k r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f i c e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s t h is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g fo l lo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; and
a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r




c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r e it h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r ia l r e l a tio n s , e t c .) o r " a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ;
a m a j o r d i v is i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; or

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an in d iv i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s .

SECRETARY

c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l )
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

o r p r e sid e n t)

d a ta on

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s t o b e f o l l o w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s t o b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . O n o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t in e
k eypu n ch w o rk .
M a y t r a in i n e x p e r i e n c e d k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s .

a ll,

a ll,

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e r a te s a k ey pu n ch
t a b u la t in g c a r d s o r o n t a p e .

C la s s

o f a m a jo r

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d i t io n t o
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e

25
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r ) — C o n t in u e d

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l is h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
fu n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b l is h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p l e x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d t o a n o t h e r o p e r a t o r . )

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d e r s p e c i fic in ­
s t r u c t i o n s . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e b u t r o u t in e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n t o th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s
u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s .
C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g
m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n ts
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k u n it , f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e f i li n g w o r k .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

In a d d it io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h il e at
s w itc h b o a r d .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r itte n c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t io n
in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )
T Y P IS T
O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , e t c . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is d e f in i t io n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c l u d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d i g it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t .
P o s it io n s

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to l e v e l s

o n th e b a s i s

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to m a k e out b il ls a ft e r c a lc u la ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a in i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g i n c o m in g m a il .

d e f in i t io n s .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s in c lu d in g d e v i s in g
d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r in g
s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a t u r e a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , a n d th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a in i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a in i n g l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d in th e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h w i r i n g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d t o s e l e c t i o n a n d i n s e r t i o n
o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fi n a l f o r m w h e n
it i n v o l v e s c o m b in i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e ll in g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c in g . M a y ty p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a il s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r
d r a f t s ; r o u t in e t y p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t in g u p s i m p l e s t a n d a r d
t a b u l a t i o n s , o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R ---- C o n t in u e d

COM PU TER OPERATO R
M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g it a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d i n g
t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l ly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k i n c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d ie s in s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w it h r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s 'e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
progra m .
F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter o p e ra to rs

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s ;

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r ' T y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c : N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d a n d
i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l in g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e t o m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o ft e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a il a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ;
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c tio n ru n s , t y p ic a lly ru n on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; t h e r e is lit t le o r n o te s tin g
o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g sta n d a rd c o r r e c t i o n te ch n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w it h th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l lo w i n g
d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w it h fr e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .




C la s s C .
W o r k s o n r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p
w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i li t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in
r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l ly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in i n g in d ip m p u ter o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t i o n - w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t i o n o f d a ta t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , a n d p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r
in v o l v e d t o a n a l y z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a il e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e t o f o l l o w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n r u n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

progra m ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h i d e n t if y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p l a n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

26
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S ---- C o n t in u e d

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S ---- C o n t in u e d
A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s a n d d i v e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l is h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s t o d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c i n g o f d a ta e le m e n t s
t o f o r m a h i g h l y in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e

fu n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n t o l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l ly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a ta in t w o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d it io n s t o o r
d e l e t io n s f r o m in p u t d a ta w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a f e w r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w it h
r o u t in e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g t y p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iff ic u lt ta s k s u n d e r f a ir ly c l o s e
d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r

in s tru c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l ic a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a l ly
le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p l ic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u t i n e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o n n ew
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w it h
re q u ire d p r o c e d u r e s .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S
A n a ly z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s t o f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d a n d id e n t i f i e s c o n d it i o n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f ie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; o u t li n e s a c t io n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n t o m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k a n d
d a ta f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s . o f
n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o . o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s is a n d p r o g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e i r p a y .)

m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g i n v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l is h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e
th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w it h in ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o i n s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w it h th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d ia t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s i n g le a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a il e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .
D RAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h t h e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w it h a m in i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y l o w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e su ch w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt i p l e f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u il d i n g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f fo u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s i n it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f s i n g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p i c t in g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f
c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l ic a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w it h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e le s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
DRAFTSM AN - TRACER
C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
A N D /O R

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

sy ste m s

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E L E C T R O N IC

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
in v o l v i n g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a ta a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e l o p s an i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d u l in g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a ll y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r ia t e fo l lo w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it ia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes r e c o m ­
m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a l la t io n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b t a in in g e q u ip m e n t .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t io n a l
a s s is t.

d ir e c t io n

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C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m i t e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a ta a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e ou tp u t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,




P r e p a r e s sim p le
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T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r m o r e
o f th e f o l lo w i n g o p e r a t i o n s : M o d if y i n g , in s t a l li n g , r e p a i r i n g , a n d o v e r h a u li n g . T h e s e o p e r a t i o n s
r e q u i r e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a l l o f th e f o l lo w i n g t a s k s :
A s s e m b l i n g , t e s t i n g , a d ju s t in g ,
c a l i b r a t i n g , t u n in g , a n d a lin in g .
W o r k i s n o n r e p e t it i v e a n d r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f th e t h e o r y a n d p r a c t i c e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p e r t a i n in g t o th e u s e o f g e n e r a l a n d s p e c i a l i z e d e l e c t r o n i c t e s t e q u ip m e n t ; t r o u b le a n a l y s i s ; and
th e o p e r a t i o n , r e l a t i o n s h i p , a n d a li n e m e n t o f e l e c t r o n i c s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , a n d c i r c u i t s h a v in g
a v a r ie t y o f co m p o n e n t p a rts .
E l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d on t y p i c a l l y in c lu d e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G r o u n d , v e h i c l e , o r a i r b o r n e r a d i o c o m m u n i c a t io n s s y s t e m s , r e l a y s y s t e m s , n a v i g a t i o n a id s ;
a i r b o r n e o r g r o u n d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n t r a n s m i t t in g o r r e c o r d i n g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n i c c o m p u t e r s ; m i s s i l e a n d s p a c e c r a f t g u id a n c e a n d c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; i n d u s t r i a l a n d m e d i c a l
m e a s u r i n g , in d ic a t i n g , a n d c o n t r o l l i n g d e v i c e s ; e t c .
( E x c lu d e p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s a n d t e s t e r s , c r a f t s m e n , d r a f t s m e n , d e s i g n e r s , e n g i n e e r s ,
a n d r e p a i r m e n o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s o f f i c e m a c h i n e s , r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n
r e c e i v i n g s e t s .)

27
N U R SE , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )

N U RSE,

I N D U S T R I A L ( R e g i s t e r e d ) — C o n t in u e d

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o l v e a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a t te n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s

o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H I N I S T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; P la n n in g
a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
sta n d a rd sh op co m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r i t t e n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c t io n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l la t io n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y
o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g
f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s in g t r o u b l e in
th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g
and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s ;
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t i n g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p t i o n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e m p l o y in g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n i s h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r ste a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
and c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p l ie d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k il le d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s fr o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n ­
fi n e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e is p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t im e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e la t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r in g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n e e d
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u t t in g a n d l u b r ic a t in g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .




M E C H A N I C , A U T O M O T I V E (M a in t e n a n c e )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s ^ o £ t h e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l li n g th e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e l s , a d ju s t in g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o t i v e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N I C , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t li n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t li n g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in l y i n v o l v e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h i t e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
i n v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t in g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a ll s n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d in s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f th e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o l s a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l li n g a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s
th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n i s h o r b y p l a c in g p u tt y o r f i l l e r in n a il
h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w it h s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h it e
le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t in g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e
m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R . M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : L a y in g ou t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o c a t e
p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p i p e to
c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e ; t h r e a d in g
p ip e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g

28
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E ---- C o n t in u e d
p ip e w it h c o u p li n g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p i p e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p i p e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n ­
is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n
o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l
r o o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t a l l
t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g
up a n d o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a il a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls
in c u t t in g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t i n g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l li n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
as r e q u ire d .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

(D i e m a k e r ; j i g

m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r; fix tu re m a k e r;

gage m a k er)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j ig s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o li n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f i n is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fi t t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

shops

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

t o o l and

d ie m a k e r s

in t o o l a n d d ie j o b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
G UARD AND

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G

W ATCHM AN

G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te
and c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a tch m a n .
M a k e s ro u n d s
t h e ft , a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
J A N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(Sw eeper;

OR

o f p r e m is e s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

CLEANER

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a il a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h i p ­
m en t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

charw om an; janitress)
F o r w age

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l fi x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l ie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w ork ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

cle rk

T R U C K D R IV E R

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d le r and s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s and
m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .
ORDER

CLERK

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t ,
as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r

p ick e r;

stock

s e le c to r ; w areh ou se

stock m an )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , i n a d d i t i o n
t o fi l l i n g o r d e r s and in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l ie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r iv e r
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

(c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
m e d iu m (I V 2 t o and in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fi n is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p on th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its t o b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o l v e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t if y in g
d a ta o n c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b l is h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d
g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a;re c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f t r u c k , a s f o l l o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

( f o r k l if t )
(o t h e r th a n f o r k li f t )

Area W age

Surveys

A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the
request of the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402, or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.

Area
Akron, Ohio, July 1970_________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—Troy, N.Y., Feb. 1970__________
Albuquerque, N. M ex ., Mar. 19701-----------------------------Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1970 LAtlanta, Ga., May 1970 1_______________________________
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1969_____________________________
Beaumontr-Port Arthur-Orange, Tex., May 1970------Binghamton, N.Y., July 1970__________________________
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1970_________________________
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1969__________________________
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1969 _____________________________
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1969-----------------------------------------------Burlington, Vt., Mar. 1970_____________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1970 1______________________________
Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 1970 1_______________________
Charlotte, N.C., Mar. 19701 ---------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1970 1_________________
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1969 1______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., Feb. 1970_________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1969____________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1969_____________________________
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1969________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—111.,
Oct. 1969 1--------------------------------------------------------------------Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1969_______________________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1969 1_____________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1970 1 ________________________
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1970_____________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1969___________________________
Green Bay, Wis., July 1970 1---------------------------------------Greenville, S.C., May 1970____________________________
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1970---------------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1969___________________________
Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1970_____________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1969_________________________
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., Sept. 1969___________________
Lawrence—Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1970 1_______
Little Rockr-North Little Rock, Ark., July 1970 1____
Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1970____________________
Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1969 1______________________
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 19701____________________________
Manchester, N.H., July 1970 1 ________________________
Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., Nov. 1969 1 ___________________
Miami, Fla., Nov. 1969________________________________
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1970 1 _______________
Milwaukee, Wis., May 19701__________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1970 1 _____________

Bulletin number
and price
1660-88,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1660-1 1,
1660-84,
1685-6,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1685-10,
1625-82,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

30cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
25cents
45cents
45cents
25cents
35cents
35cents
40cents
35cents
65cents
35cents
40cents
30cents
35cents

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1660-18,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1660-82,
1685- 1,

35cents
30cents
40cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
35cents

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1660-74,
1660-46,

45cents
40cents
35cents
35cents
40cents
30cents
35cents
50cents
50cents

D ata on esta blish m en t p r a c tic e s and su pplem entary w a g e provisions are also presented.




Area
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., J u n e 1970 1____
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , J a n . 1970 1____________
New H a v e n , C o n n ., J a n . 1970 1_________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1970-----------------------------------New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r. 1970 1-----------------------------------N o r fo lk — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p to n , V a . , J a n . 1970 1 ____________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1970_______________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t. 1969 ________________________
P a t e r son — l i f t o r r - P a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1970 1_________
C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1969 1___________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 * ____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 7 0 1____________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1969 1 __________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . , M a y 1970 1___________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a rw ic k , R .I.— a s s . ,
P
W
M
M a y 1 9 7 0 --------------------------------- -----------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1970 1_____________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1970 1____________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
A u g . 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1 _____________________________
St. L o u i s , M o .—
111., M a r . 1970_________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U tah, Nov. 1969 1-----------------------------S a n A n ton io, T e x . , M a y 1970___________________________
San B e r n a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n tario , C a lif.,
R
O
D e c . 1969--------------------------------------------------------------S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1969 1 _________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O ct. 1969 1___________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , Se pt. 1969 1 __________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1970 1_____________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1970 1 ---------------------------------------S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h ., J a n . 1970_____________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p t. 1969________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1970 1__________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1970 1 -----------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1970---------------------------------------Tam pa r-St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A ug. 1969 1 _____________
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h ., F e b . 1970________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------U tic a — o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1970----------------------------------R
W a sh in g to n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t . 1969 1______________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 0 1_________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, J a n . 1 9 7 0 ______________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , A p r. 1970 1 ------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1970 1 ________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 * --------------------------------------------Y ou ng stow n — a r r e n , O hio, Nov. 1969 1_______________
W

Bulletin number
and price
1660-85,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1660-89,

35 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
75 c e n t s

1660-59,
1685-5,
1660-12,
1660-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1660-26,
1660-77,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
60 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
40 c e n ts

1660-72,
1685- 12,
1660-65,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

1685-7,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1660-30,
1660-71,

30
35
40
35
30

cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1660-7,
1660-56,
1660-21,
1685-9,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30
35
50
35
35
35
30
25
35
35
30
35
30
30
30
50
35
30
35
35
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.

20212

O FF IC IAL BUSINESS
P E N A L T Y F O R P R IV A T E USE, $300




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
I-------------------------------------------------

FIRST CLASS M A IL