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A re a Wage S u rvey

The Charlotte, North Carolina, Metropolitan Area
March 1970

B u lle t in




1660-61

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
337 Mayflower Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516(Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481(Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-B Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code

* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City,
** Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




Area Wage Survey
The Charlotte, North Carolina, Metropolitan Area




March 1970

Bulletin 1660-61
June 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
G e o ffre y H . M o o re, C o m m is s io n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 40 cents




C o n te n ts

P re fa c e

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f ann ual
o ccu p a tio n a l w age s u r v e y s in m e tr o p o lita n a re a s is d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e da t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d data b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( l ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T ables:
1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and

2.

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u lts f o r e a c h a r e a stu died . A f t e r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a re i s s u e d . The f i r s t
b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to
one b u lletin .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h h as
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to
r e l a t e t o g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and th e U n it e d S t a t e s .

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _________________________

A.

B.
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d i n th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly and o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s bien n ia lly .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , in M a r c h 19 7 0. T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s o f M e c k l e n b u r g and U n io n
C ou n ties.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e ­
g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t la n t a , G a . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c ­
tion o f D onald M. C r u s e , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r fo r
O pera tion s.




5

O ccu pational ea rn ings:
A - 1.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n __________________________
m
A - 2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n _______________
m
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ------------------------------------------------------A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A -5.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

6

7
10
11
12
13

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B -l.
M in im u m en tran ce s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n o ffice
B -2 .
B -3.

S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ________________________________________________
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ________________________________________

16
17

B -5 .
B -6.
B -7.

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________________________
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s -----------------------------------M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n and f r e q u e n c y o f

19
22

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _________________________________________

25

A pp end ix.

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r tabulations
(See in s id e b a c k c o v e r . )

are

a v a ilable

for

other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e C h a r l o t t e a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u i l d i n g c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n ; p r i n t i n g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a l l i e d o c c u p a t i o n s .

iii




Area Wage Survey
------

The Charlotte, N.C., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u ll- t i m e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th ose h ir e d to w o r k a re g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da t a e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late s h ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s a nd i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir reg u la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x clu siv e of pay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s con du cts s u r v e y s of occu p a tio n a l earn ings
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h is a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
Manu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
se rv ices.
M a jo r in du stry g rou ps e x clu d e d f r o m these studies a re
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
occu pati.ons stu d ied to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S ep arate tabu lation s are
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r it e r ia .

The a v e ra g e s p re se n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a reaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a nd w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
n ot b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffer­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e su rv e y s a re con du cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , all es ta b lis h m e n ts a re given th eir a pp ro p ria te w eigh t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O c c u p a t i o n s a nd E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e
follo w in g ty pes:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a nd p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w i t h i n the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f individual e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n th e s c o p e o f the s t u d y and not th e n u m b e r
actu ally su rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s da ta .
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New Yoik State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica— Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




1

a nd S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s as t h e y
r e l a t e t o p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d
as a s e p a ra te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e

2
w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s
(inclu din g le a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w ork ers"
i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r re la te d fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y t o th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts a re m o r e lik e ly to have f o r m a l en tran ce ra te s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b l e is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l da ta ( t a b le B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d t o pla n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l pla n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n th e s p e c i f i e d s h if t at th e t i m e o f th e
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g t o a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if n o a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h if t h o u r s .

T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o
a l l o f the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch edu led
w e e k ly h ou rs a r e th o se w h ich f u ll- t i m e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c te d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .

P a id h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a t io n s ; h ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
plan s;
and f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n th e b a s i s th at t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a ll
p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the p r a c t i c e s lis te d .
S u m s o f in divid ual
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f
rounding.

D a ta o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d t o d a t a o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g ra n te d a r e in clu d e d e v e n though th e y m a y fa l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t

p a r t o f th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a l f
h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e a nd h a l f
h olida ys to show total h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b le B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d t o a
sta tistica l m e a s u re of va ca tio n p r o v is io n s .
It is n o t i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a ll l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s of length of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r than a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k ’ s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
th ose w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or " s a b b a tic a l" b enefits beyond b a s ic
p la n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l of such
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a ta o n h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t . S u c h p la n s i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e a p la n
if th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p l a n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d t o that ty p e o f
in su ra n ce under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh paym ents a re m ad e d ir e ctly
t o th e i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
I n f o r m a t i o n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s t o w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H ow­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e th a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e
l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e
w o r k e r ' s pay du rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of ill n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a nd (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
eith er o r both ty p es of b e n e fit s.

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s i n c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g ic a l plan s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
plete o r p a rtia l p aym en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
S u c h p la n s m a y b e u n d e r ­
w ritten by c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on p rofit o rg a n iza tion s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a id f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r
th is p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p la n s th at p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.
M e th o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a ti o n (table B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
ty p e s o f ra te s tr u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s pa id u nder v a r i o u s t i m e and in ­
cen tive s y s te m s .
U n d e r a s i n g l e r a t e s t r u c t u r e th e s a m e r a t e i s p a i d
t o a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
u al w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y b e p a id a b o v e o r b e l o w t h e s i n g l e r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p l a n s p e c i f i e s th e m i n i m u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d o n the
m e t h o d o f p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f the i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
th e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n o n t y p e s o f i n c e n t i v e p l a n s is p r o v i d e d o n l y
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e o f th e l o w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U n d e r a p i e c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e is p a id
f o r e a c h unit o f o u tpu t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l e s s th a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a tio n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is r e p r e s e n t s p a y m en ts b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of va lu e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a ti o n of a stated s a la r y
p lu s a p e r c e n t a g e .

table

D ata
B -7.

on

frequen cy

of

wage

paym ent

a lso

are

provid ed

in

4

Table 1. E stablishm ents and W orkers Within Scope of Survey and Number Studied in C harlotte, N .C ., 1 by M ajor Industry D iv is io n ,2 M arch 1970
Number of establishm ents
Industry division

A ll d ivision s— Manufacturing . . .
__ Nonmanufacturing
Transportation, com m unication, and
other public u t ilit ie s * __
W holesale trade
. . . . .
_____ — __
Retail trade— Finance, insurance, and rea l esta te_______
S ervices 8 . _
.
___
..

Minimum
em ploym ent
in establish­
ments in scope
o f study

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study

Within scope
o f study3

Studied

T otal4

Studied

Plant
Number

O ffice

P ercent

T o ta l4

.

490

141

89,679

100

55, 116

17,977

47,249

50
-

172
318

57
84

37,672
52,007

42
58

29, 059
26, 057

3, 159
14,818

19,593
27, 656

50
50
50
50
50

53
99
75
42
49

21

15, 407
10,279
13,323
7, 761
5, 237

17
19

12

15

17

11
15
9

6

7, 886
(‘ )
(6)
(7)
(6)

2, 734
(6)

( >

(6)
(6)

10,
2,
7,
4,
2,

670
762
248
844
132

1 The Charlotte Standard M etropolitan S tatistical A rea , as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, con sists of M ecklenburg and Union Counties. The "w o rk e rs within
scop e of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate descrip tion of! the size and com position of the labor fo r c e included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended,
how ever, to s erve as a b asis of com p arison with other em ploym ent indexes fo r the area to m easure em ploym ent trends o r levels since (1) planning o f wage surveys requires the use of
establishm ent data com p iled con sid era b ly in advance of the p a yroll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded fro m the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tion Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the minimum lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair se rv ice ,
and m otion picture theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, p rofession a l, and other w orkers excluded fro m the separate plant and office categories.
5 Taxicabs and se rv ice s incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
4
This industry d ivision is represented in estim ates fo r "a ll industries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tables, and fo r "a ll industries" in the S eries B tables. Separate presentation
of data fo r this division is not made fo r one o r m ore of the follow ing rea son s: (1) Em ploym ent in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not
designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient o r inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d isclo s u re of individual establishm ent data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates for " a ll industries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tables, but fro m the real estate portion only in estim ates
for " a ll industries" in the S eries B tables. Separate presentation of data fo r this division is not made fo r one o r m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other person a l s e rv ice s ; business s e r v ic e s ; automobile rep a ir, rental, and parking; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and arch itectural se rv ice s.




M ore than tw o-fifth s of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the Charlotte area
w ere em ployed in m anufacturing firm s. The follow ing presents the m ajor industry groups
and sp e cific industries as a p ercen t of all m anufacturing:
Industry groups
F ood and kindred p ro d u cts ____
M achinery, except electrica l__
C hem icals and allied
p ro d u cts ---------------------------------A pparel and other textile
p ro d u cts __
—
Printing and publishing________
F abricated m etal p ro d u cts____

S pecific industries
13

10
8

P la stics m aterials and
synthetics
5
Weaving m ills , cotton _________ 5

7
7
5

This inform ation is based on estim ates of total em ploym ent derived fro m universe
m aterials com piled p rio r to actual survey. P rop ortions in various industry divisions m ay
d iffer from p roportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
i n a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in dexes
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d t o th e d a t e o f the
i n d e x . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s
b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
T h ese es tim a te s a re m e a s u r e s o f change
i n a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d t o m e a s u r e a v e r a g e
p a y c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu s iv e of earn ings fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late s h ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

L i m i t a t i o n s o f Data
M ethod o f C om putin g
The in d ex es and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n ge, as m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in pa y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e i v a b l e
th at e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y C o n st a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p was a s s ig n e d a co n sta n t w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . T h e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g t o m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d i n c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Cleiks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Cleiks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Cleiks, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, material handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch ange r e f le c t only ch anges
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2.

I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s and S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s
in C h a r l o t t e , N . C. , M a r c h 1970 a nd M a r c h 1969, and P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
A ll in du stries

P eriod

O ffice
clerica l
( m e n and
women)

Industrial
nurses
( m e n and
women)

M anufacturing

S k illed
m ain ten ance
trades
(m en)

U nskilled
p la n t
w orkers
(men)

O ffice
cle rica l
( m e n and
women)

In dustrial
nurses
( m e n and
women)

S k illed
m a in ten ance
trades
(men)

U n sk illed
p la n t
w orkers
(men)

I n d e x e s ( A p r i l 1967 = 100)
M a r c h 1 9 7 0 __________________________________
M a r c h 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------------

118. 7
112. 8

(M
n

119. 1
112. 2

118. 3
114. 2

115. 9
110. 7

(M
n

119. 5
113. 2

124. 7
116. 0

(M
(l )

148. 0
123. 8

162. 1
130. 0

( )
(M
(M
(M
n
()
(
()

5. 6
6. 9
5. 9
7. 4
(M
n

7. 5
6. 7
8. 8
7 .9
3. 5
3 .9
4. 9
1 .6
5. 2
2. 9

I n d e x e s ( A p r i l 1961 = 100)
M a r c h 1 9 7 0 ____ ___ _______ _______ _____ A p r i l 1 9 6 7 ____________________________________

147. 5
124. 2

n
n

153. 6
128. 9

156. 3
132. 1

141. 1
121. 8

P e rce n ts of in crea se
M a r c h 1969 to M a r c h 1970 ---------------------A p r i l 1968 to M a r c h 1969
-----A p r i l 1967 to A p r i l 1968
__ -------A p r i l 1966 to A p r i l 1 9 6 7 ________ __________
A p r i l 1965 to A p r i l 1966
--------------------A p r i l 1964 to A p r i l 1 9 6 5 ------------ A p r i l 1963 to A p r i l 1 9 6 4 ____________ _
A p r i l 1962 to A p r i l 1963 -------------------------A p r i l 1961 to A p r i l 1 9 6 2 ---------------------------A p r i l I 9 6 0 to A p r i l 1 9 6 1 --------_ —

1

5.
6.
6.
4.
4.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.

2
1
3
4
7
6
2
8
4
6

n

(j)
( )
()
()
()
(M
(M
(M
(M

6.
5.
6.
6.
1.
3.
2.
3.
7.
4.

2
6
2
3
9
7
5
8
9
1

3.
5.
8.
7.
6.
5.
5.
.
3.
2.

6
8
0
2
6
0
8
4
6
7

4.
4.
5.
4.
1.
3.
4.
3.
3.
2.

7
6
8
5
6
3
2
0
4
6

C )
n

D ata d o not m e e t p u b lic a t i o n c r i t e r i a .




NOTE:
P r e v i o u s l y p u b l i s h e d i n d e x e s f o r th e C h a r l o t t e a r e a u s e d A p r i l 1961 a s the b a s e p e r i o d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d to t h e n e w b a s e p e r i o d b y d i v i d i n g t h e m b y t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g i n d e x n u m b e r s
f o r A p r i l 1967 o n th e A p r i l 1961 b a s e p e r i o d a s s h o w n in th e t a b l e .
(T h e r e s u lt should be m u ltip lie d
b y 10 0 .)

n

1. 8
3. 7
3. 0

7

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h ou r s and e a rn i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in du st r y d i v is i o n , C h a rl o t t e , N . C . , M a r c h 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn in gs of—

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and i n d u st r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

standard)

t

$

Average
weekly

60
Mean2 ;

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$
65

70

S

$
75

80

$
85

t
90

$
95

$
100

110

t

$

$

$
105

115

120

$
125

$

t
130

135

$
140

t

t

%

145

150

160

and
under

170
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

1

10
8

12
10

4
1

29
26

10
8

1
1

“

1
1

-

-

-

-

1

10

1

2

5

2

4
4

4
2

1
1

1
1

28
28

16
16

5
3

6
6

3
3

15
13

11
11

14
14

2
2

14
6

_

6

“

_

_

2

2

5
5

11
11

65

115

125

130

1

"

3

-

6
6

_

_

"

“

_

__

120

135

140

145

150

160

170

over

M
EN
<
t
7 7.5 07 8.0 0-

<
f
c
89.50
89.50

“

9 3 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

-

OFFICE BOYS ---------------NONMANUFACTURING

69
55

39.0
39.5

85.00
85.00

86.50
86.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C --------------------------------------------

27

39.0

105.00

105.00

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

65
61

40.0
40.0

89.00
89.50

89.00
89.00

8 6.0 08 6.5 0-

93.50
93.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

65
49

40.0
39.5

82.50
79.00

81.50
79.00

7 4.5 07 3 .5 0-

91.50
84.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

31
25

40.0
40.0

109.50
113.00

112.00
113.00

106.00 -1 16 .00
110 .00 -1 17 .00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

134
33
101

39.5
39.5
39.5

90.50
88.00
91.50

89.50
85.00
90.00

8 0.0 0-10 0.0 0
8 1 .5 0 - 98.50
7 9 .0 0 -1 0 0 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 3 ---------------------------

245
75
170
25

39.0
3 9.0
39.5
39.0

116.00
110.50
118.50
126.50

117.50
112.00
119.50
119.00

104 .50 -1 29 .00
103 .00 -1 21 .50
107 .00 -1 31 .50
116 .50 -1 42 .50

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

717
114
6 03

39.5
39.5
39.5

90.50
91.00
90.50

87.50
89.00
86.50

7 9.00-103.50
8 5 .0 0 - 96.00
7 8.0 0-10 5.5 0

_

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS B --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------- --------

188
184

39.5
39.5

83.00
83.00

81.00
81.50

7 3 .5 07 3 .0 0-

94.50
94.50

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS C --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

195
191

39.0
39.0

72.00
72.00

70.00
70.00

67.0 067.0 0-

75.00
75.00

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

166
36

40.0
39.5

90.50
86.50

95.50
84.50

8 2 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 - 96.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 3 ---------------------------

183
86
97
25

39.5
39.5
3 9.0
39.0

99.00
98.00
100.50
106.00

98.00
96.50
101.00
107.50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

147
145

38.5
38.5

97.00
96.50

101.00
101.00

1

*

-

2

_

_

“

2
2

_

“
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

W
OMEN

See fo ot no t es at end of table.




_

_

_

-

-

_

_
18

*

16
4
12

3

1

-

-

-

3

1

2

23
23

64
1
63

2
2

17
17

8
8

_

_

3
1

_

“

.

_

18

20
13
7

15
1
14

14
4
10

19
5
14

18
6
12

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

8

7
5
2

17
2
15

13
9
4
3

16
9
7
-

25
14
11

40
9
31
12

11
6
5
-

36
5
31
1

17
6
11
1

13
2
11
2

7
1
6
1

6
6
3

4
4
-

3
3
2

4

8

12
7
5

112
7
105

103
20
83

122
35
87

61
21
40

35
9
26

28
6
22

81
7
74

32
2
30

21
2
19

15
2
13

13
2
11

4
-

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

42
42

27
24

28
28

7
6

21
21

8
8

33
33

_

3
3

92
92

48
46

23
23

15
15

4
4

2

3
3

_

_

_

-

54
21

~

5
5

32
10

53

-

22
-

_

-

8 7.5 0-10 8.5 0
8 6 .5 0-10 4.5 0
8 9.5 0-11 3.0 0
101 .50 -1 15 .50

-

1

10
2
8
3

11
8
3
1

16
9
7

16
10
6
1

25
10
15
"

23
16
7
"

23
12
11
5

18
7
11
6

15
2
13
4

_

3

-

-

-

3

-

-

_
-

8 6.0 0-10 4.5 0
8 6.0 0-10 4.5 0

_

9
9

18
18

8
8

10
10

14
14

6
6

49
48

11
11

-

1

-

_

~

~

3
3

7
-

7
3
2
2

8

8

11

4

-

-

_

6
5
1

-

6
5

3

-

~

-

-

4
4

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
5
1

-

4
-

-

3
2

-

-

_

_

-

-

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h ou r s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in du st r y d i v is i o n , C h a rl o t t e , N . C . , M a r c h 1970)
Weekly earning^^™"
(standard)

Sex , oc c u p a t io n , and in d u st r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y ea rn i n gs of—
$

$
60

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

65

70

$

i

75

80

85

$
90

$
95

$
100

$
105

s
110

$
115

$
120

$
125

$

$

130

135

[$

%

140

145

$
150

$
160

and
under
65

WOMEN -

s

$

170
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

14

2

4

-

2
2
2

130

135

140

145

150

160

170

over

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

_

2
2

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

256
63
193

39.5
39.5
39.5

S
1 00.00
97.00
101.00

101.00
96.00
102.00

$
$
91.5 0-10 8.5 0
9 1.00-103.50
92.0 0-10 9.5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 3 ----------------------------

365
102
263
91

39.5
39.0
39.5
39.0

89.50
85.00
91.50
92.5 0

88.00
84.00
91.00
93.50

OFFICE GIRLS ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

65
44

38.5
38.5

81.00
82.00

78.50
78.50

SECRETARIES4 -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3----------------------------

1,279
480
799
129

39.0
38.5
39.5
39.5

113.50
114.50
112.50
129.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

63
40

39.0
39.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 3 ----------------------------

302
90
212
42

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 3 ----------------------------

4

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

4

14

32
13
19

37
17
20

29
10
19

49
11
38

34
2
32

30
5
25

14
5
9

8 0.5 0-10 1.0 0
7 9 .0 0 - 90.00
8 1.0 0-10 2.5 0
8 0 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

-

3
3
“

49
19
30
14

31
8
23
9

72
31
41
2

48
20
28
12

40
8
32
13

23
5
18
7

47
2
45
13

17

20
5
15
4

11

74.5 074.5 0-

87.00
92.00

-

1
1

18
12

19
13

8

6

8
1

2
2

2
2

6
6

1
1

112.00
115.50
111.00
127.50

9 9.50-126.50
9 9.0 0-12 7.0 0
100.00 -1 26 .00
113 .50 -1 44 .00

_
-

-

2
-

19
~
19

23

-

59
26
33
~

77
36
41
1

148
56
92
4

160
38
122
5

115
47
68
11

99
23
76
12

124
46
78
8

102
60
42
18

118
43
75
6

55
18
37
8

35
13
22
12

43
24
19
12

29
15
14
4

43
11
32
11

21
10
11
11

7
2
5
3

132.50
130.00

131.00
126.50

116.00 -1 52 .50
1 10 .50-154.50

_

-

6
5

6
5

3
2

4
3

5
4

7
5

5
3

-

-

6
1

4
-

9
6

4
4

4
2

39.0
38.5
39.5
39.5

122.50
122.50
122.00
138.00

123.00
123.50
122.50
139.50

108 .00 -1 36 .50
105.00 -1 41 .00
108.50 -1 34 .50
129.50 -1 51 .00

9
6
3
1

18
2
16
5

277
98
179
31

39.0
38.5
39.0
38.5

114.50
114.50
114.50
132.50

113.00
115.00
112.50
135.00

102.00 -1 23 .00
101.00 -1 25 .00
102 .50 -1 21 .00
1 21 .50 -1 48 .50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------------------

628
264
364
46

39.0
38.5
39.5
40.0

106.50
110.00
104.00
112.50

104.50
108.00
102.50
113.50

9 5 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
9 6.50-123.50
9 4 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
1 06 .50 -1 21 .50

_
-

_
-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 3 ----------------------------

34 5
53
292
134

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

97.00
92.50
98.00
100.00

98.00
89.50
100.00
105.50

8 5.5 0-10 8.0 0
8 4 .5 0-10 3.0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
9 0.50-109.50

1
1

9

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

149
128

39.0
39.0

102.00
103.00

99.50
101.50

8 9.0 0-12 0.0 0
8 8.0 0-12 1.5 0

-

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS A --------

29

38.5

95.00

94.0 0

8 5 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

-

-

1

2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

57
50

38.5
3 8.5

87.00
86.50

88.00
80.00

7 7.5 07 7 .0 0-

-

_

5
5

21
21

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

200
63
137

39.5
39.5
40.0

92.50
90.50
93.00

89.50
89.00
90.00

8 3.5 0-10 4.5 0
8 3.0 0-10 2.0 0
8 3.5 0-10 5.5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

165
129

39.0
3 9.0

88.00
89.00

87.50
88.00

8 4.0 08 5.0 0-

See f o o t n o t e s at end o f table,




95.50
97.00

91.00
92.50

-

2
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

9
1
6
6

-

-

3
3

-

11
-

12
6
6

14
6
8

35
ii
24

20
2
18

25
2
23
3

23
5
18
“

34
20
14
5

28
3
25
3

30
6
24
5

13
3
10
6

32
18
14
9

5
4
i
-

7
4
3
-

39
13
26
-

37
5
32
4

27
9
18
2

34
12
22
“

43
12
31

24
12
12
6

13
10
3
2

11
7
4
2

7
1
6
4

3
1
2
2

5

2

-

-

5
5

2
“

7

9

-

-

7
3

9
3

7
5
2
2

9
5
4
"

7
6
i
i

5
5

-

1
1

*

“

1
-

1
1
-

2
-

19
“

20
9
11
3

52
22
30
-

56
24
32
1

95
37
58
4

80
19
61
1

61
34
27
8

36
8
28
9

54
28
26
7

38
27
11
7

69
28
41
1

9
3
6
1

15
9
6
2

14
3
11
7

32
3
29
13

25
7
18
3

46
14
32
9

33
4
29
8

20
2
18
10

51
11
40
14

46
1
45
40

17
2
15
12

21
21
7

14
5
9
5

2
2
2

14

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

14
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

16
15

15
15

23
13

14
9

16
11

3
3

5
5

12
12

18
18

10
10

2
2

2
2

5

4

2

3

2

5

1

-

-

-

-

5
5

12
5

6
6

3
3

2
2

2
2

-

1
1

_

_

55
16
39

36
12
24

18
7
11

12
4
8

19
5
14

23
10
13

11

1

-

11

12
2
10

1

“

28
18

72
53

29
27

4
4

6
6

4
4

1
1

1
1

1
1

2

19

-

-

“

-

11

“

5

2
1
1

5
5

14
9

_

_

17
17

-

2

2

“

_
-

_

11
3

“

_

“
-

12

-

3

6

-

“

1
-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

“

4
4

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

“

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

9
T a b le A-l.

O ffic e Occupations—M en and W o m e n — Continued

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h ou r s and e a rn i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u st r y d i v is io n, Ch a rl ot te , N. C. , M a r c h 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn i n g s o f

S

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Sex, oc c u p a t io n , and in d u st r y d i v is i

60
and
under
65

WOMEN -

65

70

_

_

70

75

75

_

80
_

85
_

90
_

95
_

95

100
_

80

85

90

100

14
13

14
13

8
8

3
2

2
2

54
33
21
4

46
8
38
11

36
18
18
6

18
7
11
-

105

_

_

105

110

110

115

_

_

115

120
_

120

125
_

125

130
_

130

135
_

135

140

145

i

145

150

160

170

-

_
140

i
150

-

and

160

170

over

CONTINUED

68
61

38.0
37.5

91.50
91.00

$
85.50
84.50

S
S
7 9.00-105.50
7 8.50-103.00

3 07
74
233
39

3 9.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

83.50
84.00
83.50
89.50

82.50
84.50
80.00
87.50

7 4 .5 081.5 074.0 08 0 .0 0-

$

TY P IS TS , CLASS A --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------T YPI STS , CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 3 ------------------

90.50
92.00
89.50
94.00

6
6
73
3
70
7

45
45
3

4
4
2
2
1

9
7
11
11
-

6

2
7
7
3

6
2

4
2
-

4
4

-

-

1 Stan dar d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the ea rn i n gs c o r r e s p o n d
to t he se w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 The m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y tot alin g the e a rn i n g s o f all w o r k e r s and divid ing by the n um b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m e d i a n d e s ig n a t e s po s it i on — h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the ra te shown; ha lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate shown.
The m i d d l e ra n g e is de fi ne d b y 2 r a t e s o f pay; a fo ur t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f t he se ra t e s and a fo ur th e a r n m o r e than
the hi ghe r rat e.
J T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r publ ic ut il it ie s.
4 Ma y in cl u d e w o r k e r s ot he r than t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




10
T a b le A-2.

P ro fessio n al and T e c h n ic a l O ccu p a tio n s—M en

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a rn i n gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u st r y d i v is i o n , C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r c h 1970)
^ ^ ^ W e e k l^ e a m in g ^ ^ ^ ^
(standard)
Number

O cc u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
workers

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e ek l y e a rn i n g s of—
$

M em 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

t

$
80

$

t

t

$

$

$

$

t

*

$

*

$

$

$

t

t

i

90

10 0

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

2 70

280

10 0

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

2 80

over

-

-

3

3

2

6

1

*
“

and
unde r
90

40
39

3 9.5
4 0.0

$
1 46.00
1 47.50

$
1 45.50
150.00

$
$
1 2 5 .5 0 1 2 5 .0 0 -

163.50
172.50

65
52

3 9.5
3 9.5

127.50
127.50

124.00
124.00

1 1 6 .5 0 1 15 .00 -

142.00
144.50

1 07.00

1 1 0 .0 0

28

39.5

1 0 4 .0 0

104.50

1 0 0 .0 0 113.50
97.0 0-11 2.5 0

26

3 8.0

2 O5 T 0 O 2 1 l l 5 0 1 8 9 . 5 0 - 2 3 4 . 0 0
<-1 1 . ^ 0 <.10 * 0 0

10

8

11

10

12
10

13

-

2

11
11

8

12

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
m an u fa c tur in g

---------------------------------------

-

-

-

8
-

2

2

2

8

3

4

13

—

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
* nn
1 O.UU 1

5

10

'

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
39.5

2 48.00

2 47.50

226.50-272.00

1

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
3

216.50

4 0 .0

1 53.00

155.00

1 39 .50 -1 69 .50

^49
159

40.0

1 58.50

162.00

1 4 6 .00 -1 72 .00

1

^0

115

Q

50 1 18 50

1 Sta nd a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 F o r d e f in it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo ot n o t e 2, ta ble A - l .




14

10

26

33

31

41

32

14

22

15

24

40

32

14

15

r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at; r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

rates),

and the e a rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d

11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charlotte, N. C. , March 1970)
Average

Average

O cc u p a t io n and in du st r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

65
61

4 0 .0

8 9 .0 0

4 0 .0

8 9 .5 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

65
49

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

35
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 2 --------------------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS B --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

134
33

101

315

88

3 9 .5

9 1 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 2 1 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

227
30

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

749

3 9 .5

9 1 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

121
628
188
184

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 3 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS C --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

195
191

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 2 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------- ------

339
36
303

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ---------------------------

191
87
104
30

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 0 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

35
99

3 9 .0

8 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES3 ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------ -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

1 ,2 9 2

3 9 .0

1 1 3 .0 0

480
812
129

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

63
40

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 2 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S ---------------------------

302
90

3 9 .0

1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2--------------------------SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 2--------------------- ------

628
264
364

102.00
110.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

147
145

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

256
63
193

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------ ------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 2 ---------------------------

365

102

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

263

3 9 .5

8 9 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

91

3 9 .0

1 3 0 .0 0 :

212

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

42

3 9 .5

1 3 8 .0 0

290
98

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

192

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1
1
1
1

31

122.00
1
1
1
3

4
4
4
2

.0
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

46

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 2----------------------------

347

3 9 .0

53
294

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 7 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

136

3 9 .0

1 0 0 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

149
128

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

29

3 8 .5

9 5 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

57

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

8 7 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

200

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

165
129

39.0
39.0

$
88.00
89.00

TYP IS TS, CLASS A -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

68
61

3 8.0
3 7.5

91.50
91.00

TY P IS TS , CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 2 ---------------------------

3 48
74
2 74
80

3 9.0
39.5
3 9.0
40.0

87.50
84.00
88.50
104.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

51
40

39.5
40.0

1 44.50
146.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

69
56

39.5
3 9.5

127.00
127.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

47
32

39.5
40.0

106.50
103.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

90
62

39.0
39.5

205.00
205.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

113
99

39.5
39.5

173.50
174.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

53
28

39.«
39.5

229.50
2 48.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

40
28

39.0
39.5

213.00
193.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------------------

98

4 0.0

188.50

212
52
160

40.0
4 0.0
40.0

153.00
135.50
158.50

162
138

40.0
40.0

114.00
114.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 0 3 .0 0

CLASS A --------

Weekly
hours i
workers
(standard)

of

1 0 6 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

3 9 .5

Number

O cc u pa t io n and in dus tr y di v is i on

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS $
8 3 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0

88.00

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 2 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

9 0 .5 0

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

CONTINUED
134

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

3 9 .0

-

Number
of
workers

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS-----------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

$

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

O cc u p a t io n and in du str y di v is i on

50

110.00

102.00

9 2 .5 0

9 7 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

100.00
9 7 .0 0

101.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

63
137

31

3 9 .0

25

3 8 .5

101.00
101.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS 8 ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

46

3 9 .0

101.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 May include workers other than those presented separately.




12
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in du st r y d i v is i o n , C h a rl o t t e , N . C . , M a r c h 1970)
Hourly earnings
O cc u p a t io n and in d u st r y d i v is i o n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a rn i n g s of—

i $$$ $$* t r $* $$t $ i r
*

i * »* $ $

Number
of
workers

2 .0 0
2

Median

Middle range 2

2 .1 0

2 .2 0 2.3 0 2 .4 0

2 .5 0 2.6 0

2.7 0

2 .8 0 2 .9 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

2 .1 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2.7 0

$

$

$

2.89

3.0 1

2.6 3 -

$
3.1 7

4

43
41

3 .3 2
3 .3 0

3 .0 9
3 .0 8

2 .9 5 2 .9 3 -

3.7 3
3.7 5

8
8

2
2

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 3 ----------------------------

123
39
84
77

2 .8 1
2 .2 8
3.0 6
3.0 8

2.6 1
2 .2 3
2 .7 9
2.7 8

2 .3 9 2 .0 7 2 .5 4 2 .5 3 -

3.7 1
2.4 8
3.7 4
3.7 5

7
2
5
5

1
1

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

34
34

3 .2 9
3 .2 9

3 .4 4
3 .4 4

3 .0 4 3 .0 4 -

3.5 5
3.5 5

2
2

2
2

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 3 ----------------------------

348
40
308
28 6

3 .6 2
2 .9 6
3 .7 0
3 .7 3

3 .8 4
2 .8 9
3.9 0
3.9 4

3 .1 6 2 .8 2 3 .3 4 3 .3 6 -

4.0 5
3.2 0
4.0 6
4 .0 6

14
4
10
10

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -----

190
157
33

3.1 9
3 .1 7
3 .2 7

3.2 4
3 .2 2
3.2 6

2 .8 7 2 . 863 .2 1 -

3.4 5
3.4 5
3.4 8

18
13
5

3 .0 0

3.1 0

3.2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

5

4

1

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
2 F o r def in i t io n o f t e r m s , s e e foo tn o te 2, t abl e A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l ic ut ili t ie s.




3 .4 0

3 .5 0 3.6 0

3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0

4 .1 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

4 .2 0

-

-

3

2
2

11
11

2

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

MAINTENANCE -----------------

3 .3 0

14
14

2
2
-

-

2
2

-

15
6
9
9

-

-

15
-

15
13

2

-

2
*

-

holidays,

4 .2 0
and

2 .2 0

28

CARPENTERS,

3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0

and
unde r

-

3
2
1

and late sh if ts.

5
5

6
5
1

13
5
8
7

5
4
1
1

1
1

4
4

3
1

3.9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

over

1
3
3

1
1
-

5

1

35

5
1

1
1

5
5

2
2

35
35

-

11
11

25
14
11
9

18
2
16
16

14
1
13
13

13
6
7
3

8
2
6
6

14
14
-

1
1
-

8
8
-

21
21
-

36
19
17

-

7
7

9
9

3
3

31
5
26
25

5
2
3
3

6

19

1

32

15

111

12

15

6
6

19
15

1
1

32
32

15
8

111
111

12
12

15
15

10
10
-

31
29
2

7
4
3

2

2
2
-

16
16

2
-

4
4

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charlotte, N.C., March 1970)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

62 3
95
528

i ------- *
1 .7 0 1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .30

*
2 .40

$
2.5 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2.8 0

%

2.9 0

$
3.0 0

$
3.1 0

3.2 0

$
3.3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3.6 0

%

2.6 0

3 .8 0

»
4.0 0

1.7 0

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workeis

1.8 0

1.9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .20

2.3 0

2 .40

2 .50

2.6 0

2.7 0

2.8 0

2.9 0

3 .0 0

3.1 0

3.2 0

3.3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

142
142

338
52
286

22
6
16

28
19
9

16
6
10

6
6

18
18

6
6
“

1

4

10

12

14

2

”

1

4

“

10

12

14

2

-

-

t
1.6 0
Mean3

$
1 .8 3
1 .8 7
1 .8 2

Median 3

$
1 .7 5
1 .7 9
1 .7 4

Middle range3

t

t

and
$
1 . 6 0 under

$
$
1 . 7 0 - 1 .8 0
1 . 7 5 - 1 .9 7
1 . 6 9 - 1 .7 9

-

~

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

91

1 .8 7

1.7 9

1 .7 4 -

1 .9 7

-

-

52

6

15

6

6

-

958
374
584
60

1 .9 1
1.9 4
1.8 9
2 .1 1

1.8 8
1.9 3
1 .8 2
2.1 7

1 .7 2 1 .8 1 1 .6 7 1 .9 3 -

2.0 9
2 .0 8
2 .1 1
2.3 2

6

202
14
188
6

153
67
86
2

144
89
55
6

1 07
63
44
4

118
61
57
3

79
45
34
13

31
5
26
9

40
12
28
14

40
13
27
1

27
5
22
2

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

277
73
20 4

1 .7 5
1.8 6
1 .7 1

1 .6 9
1 .9 2
1 .6 8

1 .6 5 1 .7 3 1 .6 4 -

1 .9 1
1 .9 8
1 .7 5

152
16
136

43
9
34

10
4
6

40
35
5

12
6
6

1
1

4

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4----------------------------

1,425
351
1 ,074
6 49

2 .5 1
2 .1 1
2 .6 4
2.8 7

2.2 9
2.0 9
2.5 3
2.7 7

2 .0 1 1 .8 1 2 .0 5 2 .1 7 -

3.0 3
2 .4 2
3.2 4
3.7 2

7
7

128
75
53
35

81
57
24
5

132
10
122
45

167
29
138
48

ORDER
FILLERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

424
53
371

2.4 2
2 .2 7
2.4 4

2.4 2
2.2 3
2.5 0

2 .1 8 2 .1 4 2 .2 0 -

2 .7 2
2.3 9
2.8 0

18
2
16

18

23

-

-

~

6
6
~

18

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

236
94

2.0 0
2.1 3

1 .9 5
2.1 2

1 .7 7 1 .9 0 -

2 .1 8
2.2 7

-

25
-

50
5

28
19

32
10

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

225
129

2.3 9
1 .9 5

2.0 8
2.0 2

2 .0 1 1 .9 0 -

3 .0 4
2.0 6

-

18
18

10
10

4
4

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

121
29
92

2.6 8
2 .7 0
2.6 7

2 .7 1
2.7 4
2.6 7

2 .2 9 2 .5 5 2 .2 2 -

3 .1 6
2.8 0
3 .2 1

_

-

4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

60
40

2 .9 1
2.9 7

2.9 0
2 .8 9

2 .5 9 2 .5 9 -

3.0 6
3.2 9

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

86
49

2.6 8
2.7 8

2.6 6
2.6 9

2 .4 7 2 .5 2 -

2.8 9
3.0 6

TRUCKDRIVERS5 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S4 -------------- -------------

1,9 3 1
291
1,640
8 61

3.0 0
2.6 0
3.0 7
3.5 2

3 .0 1
2.7 2
3.0 7
3 .9 2

2 .3 7 2 .4 4 2 .3 6 3 .0 5 -

3 .9 1
2 .9 2
3 .9 2
3 .9 6

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------

2 71
259

2.4 3
2 .4 4

2 .3 3
2 .3 4

2 .0 7 2 .0 8 “

2 .5 8
2 .5 8

4

~

“

6

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 4 ---------------------------

4
”

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S4 ----------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




64 4
27
61 7
468

3 .0 0
2.3 7
3.0 2
3 .2 3

3 .0 2
2.3 9
3 .0 3
3.0 7

2 .5 3 2 .1 9 2 .5 5 2 .8 3 -

3 .9 0
2.6 5
3.9 1
3 .9 3

-

6

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

-

-

_

1

1

1

1

126
75
51
3

89
5
84
84

7

_

39

28

84

3

_

212

-

7
1

-

39

28
~

84
84

3
-

-

212
212

-

56

-

3

34

-

-

_

56

*

3

34

-

-

*

2
2

4

14
3
11

99
28
71
41

113
26
87
59

47
30
17
1

20
9
11
“

43
43
31

54
12
42

39
6
33

16

90

_

-

-

-

23

52
15
37

16

90

-

16
10

34
23

6
6

6
6

2
2

28
4

2
2

-

-

5
5

15
15

81
81

1
1

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

4

92

-

-

20
2
18

3
3

-

2
2

-

11

16
14
2

1

-

-

14
3
11

11

-

-

7
1
6

_

-

-

7
2
5

11
1
10

_
-

4
-

4

*

_

_

~

"

-

-

1

-

-

15
11

2

15
12
3

_

-

1
11
11

12
6

6

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

“

“

2
-

6
6

16
5

8
8

17
6

-

-

“

16
5

“

13
13

21
2
19
“

80
4
76
“

59
25
34
*

177
24
153
3

58
7
51
“

54
3
51
6

43
4
39
12

38
11
27
7

184
44
140
69

75
5
70
19

86
73
13
4

29
11
18
18

49
34
15
15

165
6
159
138

19
19

21
19

38
36

31
26

22
22

19
19

_
-

-

39

-

-

-

39

-

-

22

_

-

1

-

-

-

2

-

-

2
_

9
9

_
~

9
5
4

28
-

2
2

28

-

16
3
13

24
4
20
12

_

~

22
6
16
7

69
66

74
-

74
69

_
“

36
2
34
19

6
6

4
-

4
4

_

_
~

23
5
18
18

11
11

15

141

15
15

141
138

-

-

-

*

-

*
-

_

*

-

-

-

“

“

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

22

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
“

-

3
3

_

7
7

-

-

-

“

-

*

6
6

40
36
4

9
-

19
2
17
“

9

~

-

-

2
2

_

“

2
2
-

-

-

“

“

47
47
18

169

513

-

-

169
42

513
510
-

_

1

_

~

1

~

2
2

32
32

_

13

22

11

165

-

13

22
18

11

165
162

6

12
12
~

-

“

_

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charlotte, N.C., March 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g strai ght - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in gs of—

Hourly earnings 2

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -

of
workers

HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

2 .0 0

t
2.1 0

$
2.2 0

i
2.30

$
2.4 0

$
2.5 0

$
2.6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3.0 0

$
3.1 0

$
3.2 0

3.3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

1 .8 0

1.9 0

2.0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2.3 0

2 .4 0

2.5 0

2.6 0

2.7 0

2 .8 0

2.9 0

3.0 0

3.1 0

3.2 0

3.3 0

3 .4 0

3.6 0

3 .8 0

4.0 0

4 .2 0

-

-

-

6

-

-

41
41
-

35
2
33

11
8
3

6
6
-

4
4
-

13
6
7

40
36
4

8
8

6
2
4

23
23

348

-

-

6

-

16
5
11

114

-

-

-

29
20
9

-

-

-

114

348

12
12

-

-

2
2

26
20

8
2

3
-

6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

12
“

-

-

30
30

-

-

65
65

-

-

4
1

-

-

2
2

-

~

_

-

9

10

8

5

24

22

15

6

53

18

9

_

9

_

-

2

84

4

5

22

7

3

1

14

2

84

Un der
Mean3

Median 3

Middle range3

$
3.5 0
2.6 8
3.6 8

$
3 .9 0
2.6 0
3.9 2
J*

$
$
3 .1 4 - 3 .9 5
2 .5 2 - 3 .1 2
3 .6 6 - 3 .9 6

158
122

2.6 3
2.6 1

2 .7 4
2.7 5

2 .1 6 2 .7 1 -

2 .9 1
2.8 3

POWER (FORKLIFT) -----------------

408

2.8 4

2.8 2

2 .5 1 -

2.9 0

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

284

3 .0 2

2.8 6

2 .8 1 -

3 .9 2

7 12
130
582
Jti*T

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

$
1.9 0

%

%

and
1 . 6 0 under

-

9

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




s

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS,

TRUCKERS,

1.7 0

*
1.8 0

1 .7 0

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in du st r y d i v is i o n

$
1.6 0

130
10
120

4
4

9

“
-

15
B.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Table B-l.

Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(D istribution of establishm ents studied in all industries and in industry d ivision s by minimum entrance salary fo r selected ca tegories
of inexperienced women o ffice w orkers, Charlotte, N. C ., M arch 1970)
In ex p erien ced typists

Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e salary 1

All
industries

Other in e x p e rie n ce d c le r ic a l w ork er s

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
All
schedules

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

40

All
schedules

All
industries

All
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly h o u rs 3 of—
40

All
schedules

40

E stablishm ents studied----------------------------------------------------------------------------

141

57

XXX

84

XXX

141

57

XXX

84

XXX

E stablishm ents having a specified minimum_______________

38

14

11

24

18

64

23

18

41

33

Under $ 6 0 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 .5 0 ________________________________
$ 62 .50 and under $ 6 5 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------$65. 00 and under $67. 50_______________________________
$67 .50 and under $ 7 0 .0 0 _______________________________
$70. 00 and under $72. 50________________________________
$72 .50 and under $ 7 5 .0 0 ________________________________
$ 75 .00 and under $ 7 7 . 5 0 ________________________________________________
$77. 50 and under $80. 00________________________________
$80. 00 and under $82. 50________________________________
$82 .50 and under $ 8 5 .0 0 ________________________________
$ 85.00 and under $ 87. 50________________________________
$87. 50 and ov er_________________________________________

_

_

_

_

.

1
6

1
2

-

-

_

2

i

_

-

7
3

2
1

2
1

4
1
5
2

4
1
4
1

-

_

-

_

_

4

2

3

_

1
2
11
4
8
10
1
10

6

3

1
1
1

2

2

2

2

2

_

_

3

2
_

5

_

2
_

6

.

2
_

8

1

1
1
1

_

_

2

-

-

2

2

3

_

_

3
3

3
3

7
3
4

3

1

1

.

2
3
2
1
5
1
4

1
_

_

-

3
2
1

7
2
6

4

8
2
7
5

1

_

2

4
_

2

2

4

1

E stablishm ents having no specified m inim um -------------------------------

12

4

XXX

8

XXX

13

6

XXX

7

XXX

E stablishm ents which did not em ploy w orkers
in this c a t e g o r y ___________________________________________

91

39

XXX

52

XXX

64

28

XXX

36

XXX

These sala ries relate to form a lly established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e sala ries that are paid fo r standard workweeks.
E xcludes w orkers in s u b clerica l job s such as m essen g er or o ffice g irl.
Data are presented fo r all standard workweeks com bined, and fo r the m ost com m on standard workweek reported.




1

16




Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(L a te-sh ift pay prov ision s fo r manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of pay d ifferential,
Charlotte, N. C . , M arch 1970)
(A ll plant w orkers in m anufacturing : 100 percent)
P ercen t of m anufacturing plant w orkers—
Late-shift pay prov ision

In establishm ents having p r o v is io n s 1
fo r late shifts

A ctually working on late shifts

Second shift

Third or other
shift

T o t a l------------------------------------------------------------

82. 9

58. 1

No pay d ifferential fo r work on late sh ift---------

27. 5

11. 8

6. 1

1.4

Pay d ifferential fo r work on late sh ift--------------

55. 4

46. 3

10. 7

5. 5

Uniform cents (p er h o u r)-------------------------

43. 3

34. 2

9 .0

4. 5

5 ce n ts ________________________________
6 c e n ts -------------------------------------------------7 ce n ts -------------------------------------------------9 ce n ts -------------------------------------------------10 cen ts------------------------------------------------12 cen ts------------------------------------------------13 cen ts------------------------------------------------13 V3 cents--------------------------------------------14 cen ts------------------------------------------------1 5 cen ts------------------------------------------------20 cen ts------------------------------------------------2 1 V cen ts--------------------------------------------3

11. 3
2. 4
1. 5
3. 2
11.3
1.8

10. 1

2 .2
.9
.2
.8
1.8
.5

2. 1

Uniform p ercen ta g e---------------------------------7 p e rce n t---------------------------------------------9 p e rce n t----------------------------------------------10 percent--------------------------------------------I 2 V2 percent-----------------------------------------15 percent--------------------------------------------30 percen t---------------------------------------------

1. 0
1. 5
.5
7. 1

Other form a l pay differential-------------------

2. 0

Second shift

16. 8

Third o r other
shift

6 .9

Type and amount of differential:

-

-

1.
6.
2.
2.

5
9
7
3

-

-

(2 )
.3
.4
.4

-

6. 7
2. 4
1.6

.7
.6
1.2
-

.6
.4
.2

10. 1

10. 1

1.4

.8

-

-

-

1.0
1. 5
.5
7. 1

.5
(2)
.8

.2
(2 )
.6

2. 0

.3

.

1.6
1.9
8. 2
-

-

-

3

1 Includes all plant w orkers in establishm ents cu rren tly operating, o r having fo rm a l p ro v isio n s coverin g late shifts even
though the establishm ents w ere not currently operating late shifts.
2 L ess than 0 .0 5 p ercen t.

17

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry division s by scheduled weekly hours 1
of fir s t-s h ift w ork ers, C harlotte, N .C ., M arch 1970)
Office workers

Plant w orkers
Weekly hours
All industries2

A ll w ork ers-------------------

--------------------------

Under 3 7 V2 h o u rs ---------------------------------------37V2 h o u rs ---------------------------------------------------------Over 3 7 V2 and under 40 hours__________________
40 h o u rs --------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 48 hours____________________
48 h o u rs ________________________________________
53 h o u rs ____________________________, ___________
_

100
2
5
( 5)
78
8
5
1

10 0

5
-

82
8
3
2

Public u tilitie s3

100

-

89
10
-

All ind ustries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

10 0

100

100

4

Manufacturing

2
21
15
61
1
-

29
3

64
(5)

Scheduled hours are the weekly hours which a m ajority of the fu ll-tim e w orkers w ere expected to work, whether they w ere paid fo r at straigh t-tim e or overtim e rates.
Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry division s shown separately.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes data fo r wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0.5 percent.




29
-

71
-

-

18

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Charlotte, N .C ., M arch 1970)
O ffice workers

Plant workers
Item
All industries 1

A ll w ork ers-------------------------------------------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid h olid a y s_______________________________

Manufacturing

Public u tilitie s2

All in d ustries3

Manufacturing

Public u tilities2

100

10 0

100

100

10 0

100

91

89

99

99

99

100

9

11

1

(4)

1

-

11
2

18
3
18
20
15
1
4
1
5
“
4
(4)
“

-

4
1

-

"

1
(4)
(4)
30
(4)
28
7
1
17
(4)
2
3
8
1
(4)

14
18
49
80
96
96
99
99
99
99
99
99

(4)
1
9
12
15
16
33
40
68
69
98
98
98
98
98
99

Number of days
L ess than 4 h olid a y s------------------------------------------4 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
4 holidays plus 1 half day_______________________
5 h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------5 holidays plus 1 half day_______________________
6 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
7 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
7 holidays plus 2, 3, or 4 half d a y s -----------------8 h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s --------------------------------9 h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------9 holidays plus 1 half day----------------------------------10 holidays______________________________________
10 holidays plus 1 half d a y--------------------------------11 holidays-----------------------------------------------------------

28
16
14
1
11
1
5
2
n
(4)

3
16
31
4
31
“
14

(4)
7

43

18
1
4
2
4
10
5
"

3
16
15
4
59
2
-

Total holidav tim e 5
11 days-----------------------------------------------------------------I 0 V days or m ore ______________________________
2
10 days or m ore-------------------------------------------------9 V days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------2
9 days or m o r e ----------------------------------------------- —
8 V days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------2
8 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------7 days or m o r e ---- ----------------------------------------------6 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------5 V days or m o r e ------------------— ------------------------2
5 days or m o r e _________________________________
4 V days or m o r e _______________________________
2
4 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------3 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------2 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------1 day or m ore ___________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
and no

n
1
2
2

8
8
20
34
50
50
78
78
81
84
90
91

(4)
4
4
10
10
15
30
50
50
68
68
71
76
86
89

5
15
15
20
20
25
43
85
85
93
93
94
96
97
99

-

2
6
66
81
97
97

100
100
100
100
100
100

Includes data fo r w holesale trade, retail trade, rea l estate, and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry division s shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes data fo r w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry division s shown separately.
Less than 0.5 percent.
A ll com binations of full and half days that add to the same amount are com bined; fo r exam ple, the prop ortion of w orkers receivin g a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days
half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. P rop ortions then w ere cumulated.




19

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
p rov ision s, Charlotte, N .C ., M arch 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

V acation p olicy
All industries 2

A ll w ork ers--------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

97
77
21

97
57
40

100
100
-

100
99
( 5)

100
99
1

100
100
-

3

3

20
22
2
-

31
16
4
-

2
38
-

6
40
2
11
2

13
49
10
3
-

_
36
-

2
77
1
16
-

4
70
2
18
-

_
80
20
-

(*)
42
56
2

2
23
75
-

_
90
10
-

1
51
5
39
-

3
54
6
31
-

_
49
1
50
-

( 5)
17
1
80
2

1
14
1
83
*

_
27
2
70
-

1
29
6
59
*

3
39
12
41
-

( 5)
4
1
93
3

1
9
1
89
-

1
27
7
61

3
36
12
44

5
1
94

1
9
1
89

1
2
97

-

-

-

( 5)
4
1
93
3
( 5)

-

-

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations--------------------------------------------------L en gth -of-tim e paym ent------------------------------Percentage payment_________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations---------------------------------------------Amount of vacation p ay6
A fter 6 months of s ervice
Under 1 week____________________________________
1 week___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s______________________
2 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s---------------------------------A fter 1 year of serv ice
Under 1 week____________________________________
1 week___ ______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ------------------ ---- 2 weeks — -------------------- -------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s_____________________
A fter 2 years of s ervice
Under 1 week____________________________________
1 week___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s---------------------------------2 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s------------------------------ A fter 3 years of service
Under 1 week------------------------------------------------------1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s______________________
2 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________

_
5
1
94
-

_
1
2
97
-

A fter 4 years of serv ice
Under 1 week------------------------------------------------------1 week___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s______________________
2 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks______________________
3 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




_

_

20

Table B-5.

---Paid Vacations1 Continued

(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry division s by vacation pay
p rov ision s, C harlotte, N .C ., M arch 1970)
Plant workers

O ffice workers

Vacation policy
All in d u stries2

Manufacturing

Public u tilitie s 3

All industries

*

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

Amount of vacation p a y 6----Continued
A fter 5 yea rs of serv ice
1 week___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s---------------------------------2 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w eek s_________________________________________

15
( 5)
77
2
3

20
( 5)
72
2
3

_
1
99

13
48
1
33
3

_
2
98
-

-

1
( 5)
86
6
7

5
( 5)
86
9

17
53
2
22
3

_
25
70
4

1
39
51
3
6

5
52
34
9

13
44
2
36

17
50
4
23

-

-

3

3

_
17
78
4

1
34
1
55
3
6

5
47
5
35
9

84
-

13
36
1
37
10
( 5)

17
46
( 5)
28
6
-

_
5
49
46
-

1
20
2
57
3
17
1

5
26
1
55
13
-

10
72
18
-

13
33
27
21

17
40
31
6

_

1
19
34
37
2
6

5
23
53
10

10
39
49

9

2

1
19
24
41
2
13

5
23
30
33

10
13
45

-

-

A fter 10 years of se rv ice
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eek s _________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w eek s _________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s---------------------------------4 w eek s _________________________________________

_
44
.
56
-

-

A fter 12 years of serv ice
1 week------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s---------------------------------4 w eek s----------------------------------------------------------------

_
16
-

A fter 15 yea rs of se rv ice
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s---------------------------------3 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s ---------------------------------4 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------5 w eek s_________________________________________
A fter 20 yea rs of serv ice
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eek s_________________________________________
3 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------4 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eek s ---------------------------------5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

4

3

13
33
24
21

17
40
27
10

-

-

8

3

5
23
59
-

13

_

-

A fter 25 years or se rv ice
1 week------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s_________________________________________
3 w eek s_________________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eek s---------------------------------5 w e e k s _________________________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




«

5
15
50
31

-

9

_

-

31

21

Table B-5.

---Paid Vacations1 Continued

(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in_ industry divisions by vacation pay
p rov ision s, C harlotte, N .C ., M arch 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

All in d ustries4

Manufacturing

13
33
24
20

17
40
27
9

_
5
15
50

5
23
30
31

-

-

-

-

8
1

4
1

31
-

i
19
24
40
2
14
( 5)

11
1

31
-

13
32
24
21

17
40
27
9

_
5
15
50

-

-

-

1
19
24
40
2

5
23
30
31
-

_
10
13
45
-

8
1

4

31

14

11

31

All industries 2

Public utilities3

Amount of vacation pay 6—-Continued
A fter 30 years of serv ice
1 week__________________ ;-------------------------------------2 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eek s______________________
5 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------

-

_
10
13
45

Maximum vacation available
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eek s_________________________________________
3 w eek s _________________________________________
4 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eek s---------------------------------5 weeks ________________________________________
6 w eek s----------------------------------------------------------------

1

( 5)

1

1
Includes b asic plans only. E xcludes plans such as vacation bonus, vacation-savin gs, and those plans which o ffe r "extended" or "sa b ba tica l" benefits beyond b asic plans to w orkers
with qualifying lengths of s e rv ice . Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
3 Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry division s shown separately.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Less than 0.5 percent.
6 Includes payment other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m paym ents, converted to an equivalent time b asis; fo r exam ple, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was con sid ered as 1 w eek's pay. P eriod s of se rv ice w ere chosen a rb itra rily and do not n e ce ss a rily re fle ct the individual p rovisions fo r p rog ression . F o r exam ple, the
changes in proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs ' se rv ice include changes in provisions occu rrin g between 5 and 10 yea rs. Estim ates are cum ulative. Thus, the proportion eligible fo r 3 w eeks'
pay or m ore after 10 years includes those eligib le for 3 w eeks' pay or m ore after few er years of s e rv ice .




22

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P ercen t of plant and o ffice w orkers in all industries and in industry division s em ployed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, o r pension benefits, Charlotte, N .C ., M arch 1970)
Plant w orkers

O ffice workers

Type of benefit and fin a n cin g1
All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public u tilitie s3

100

100

100

100

100

100

94

97

100

99

99

100

89
63

89
60

100

99

83

66

98
73

100

61
40

68
47

78
56

70
47

73
54

94

59

53

92

84

78

98

Sickness and accident insurance-------------N oncontributory p lan s________________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p eriod )---------------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting p eriod )-----------------*______________

41
35

47
39

52
52

22

39

40
36

34
31

15

7

30

60

45

48

10

5

28

7

4

33

H ospitalization insurance-----------------------------N oncontributory p la n s-------— _
S urgical insurance-----------------------------------------N oncontributory p la n s____________________
M edical in su ra n ce-----------------------------------------N oncontributory plans ----------------------------M ajor m ed ical in su ra n ce -----------------------------N oncontributory p la n s____________________
R etirem ent pension----------------------------------------N oncontributory p lan s------------------------------

92
56
92
56

95
59
95
59
71
40
77
46
50
45

100

99
50
99
50
92
46
96
47

99
71
99
71
87
63
94
60
77
57

100
68
100
68
88

A ll w ork ers________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing at
lea st 1 of the benefits shown b e lo w ___________
Life in su ra n ce-----------------------------------------------N oncontributory p la n s-----------------------------A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance-----------------------------------------------------N oncontributory p la n s-----------------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave o r b oth 5--------------------------------------

68
40
74
46
59
54

79

100
79
82
65
94
89
85
85

86
69

70

61

57
99
96
94
94

1 E stim ates listed after type of benefit are fo r all plans fo r which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em p loy er. "N oncontributory plans" include only those plans financed entirely
by the em p loy er.
Excluded a re lega lly required plans, such as w orkm en 's com pensation, so cia l security, and railroad retirem ent.
2 Includes data fo r w holesale trade, reta il trade, rea l jestate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry division s shown separately.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4
Includes data fo r w holesale trade; reta il trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total o f w orkers receiving sick leave o r sickness and accident insurance shown separately below . Sick leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely establish at least
the m inimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each em ployee.
Inform al sick leave allow ances determ ined on an individual b asis are excluded.




23

Table B-7.

Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment

(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry division s by method of wage determ in ation1
and frequen cy of wage payment, Charlotte, N .C ., M arch 1970)
Office workers

Plant w orkers
Item
All ind ustries2

A ll w ork ers________________________________

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

81
48
23
25

74
47

99
58

98
52

100
66
11

26

99
89
45
44

5

3

25

4

11

20

-

19

39

-

9
33
19

3
27
26

11
n

19

33
42
(5)

13
45

28
34

Method of wage determ in ation1
Paid tim e rates--------------------------------------------------F orm a l rate p o lic y ---------------------------------------Single r a t e ------------------------------------------------Range o f ra te s ------------------------------------------P ro g re s sio n based on automatic
advancem ent a ccordin g to
length of s e r v ic e ------------------------------P ro g re s sio n based on m erit
review ------------------------------------------------P ro g re s sio n based on a
com bination of length of
se rv ice and m erit review -----------------No form a l rate p olicy-----------------------------------Paid by incentive m ethods---------------------------------P iece rate------------------------------------------------------Individual-------------------------------------------------Group---------------------------------------------------------Produ ction bonus____________________________
Individual-------------------------------------------------Group---------------------------------------------------------C om m ission ---------------------------------------------------

20

12
12

22
22

(5)

(5 )
4
3
(5)

2
2

(5)
4

“

2
56

-

52

56

-

28

2

-

_
-

-

Method of determ ining incentive pay of office w orkers not presented

-

(5)

Frequency of wage payment
W eekly----------------------------------------------------------------Biw eekly-------------------------------------------------------------Semimonthly-------------------------------------------------------M onthly---------------------------------------------------------------Other freq u en cy ---------------------------------------------------

80
14
5

83
13
4

1

-

(5)

(5)

67

20
13
-

30
28
32

6
3

31
26
23
5
15

1 F or a descrip tion of the methods of wage determ ination, see Introduction.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, rea l estate, and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance,

5 Less than 0. 5 percen t.




insurance,

and real estate; and s e rv ice s ,

in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.

30
37
32

1




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B ureau's wage surveys is to a ssist its field staff in cla ssifyin g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are em ployed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishment and
from area to area.
This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the B ureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared fo r other purposes.
In applying these job descrip tion s, the B ureau's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working sup ervisors: apprentices; lea rn ers; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

OFFICE
CLERK, FILE

BILLER, MACHINE

Class A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter
file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes file m aterial such as corresp on den ce, rep orts, technical docu­
m ents, etc. May also file this m aterial. May keep re co rd s of various types in conjunction
with the file s . May lead a sm all group of low er level file clerk s.

P rep ares statements, b ills , and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or e le c tr o m atic typew riter. May also keep re co rd s as to billings or shipping charges or p erform other
cle rica l work incidental to billing operations. F or wage study purposes, b ille rs , m achine, are
cla ssified by type of m achine, as follow s:
B iller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
F ish er, Burroughs, e tc., which are com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills
and invoices from cu stom ers' purchase ord e rs , internally prepared o rd e rs , shipping m em o­
randums, etc. Usually involves application of predeterm ined discounts and shipping ch arges,
and entry of n ecessa ry extensions, which m ay or m ay not be computed on the billing m achine,
and totals which are autom atically accumulated by m achine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
m achine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping m achine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc., which m ay or m ay not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
cu stom ers' b ills as part of the accounts receiva ble operation. Generally involves tjhe sim ulta­
neous entry of figu res on cu stom ers' ledger re c o rd . The machine autom atically accum ulates
figu res on a number of vertical colum ns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works fro m uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.

C lass B. Sorts, cod es, and file s unclassified m aterial by sim ple (subject matter) head­
ing s "o r - partly cla ssifie d m aterial by finer subheadings. P repares sim ple related index and
c r o s s -r e fe r e n c e aids. As requested, loca tes cle a rly identified m aterial in file s and forw ards
m aterial.
May p erform related cle rica l tasks required to maintain and service file s .
C lass C . P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been cla ssified or which
is e a sily cla ssifie d in a sim ple seria l cla ssification system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ronological,
or nu m erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in file s and forw ards m a­
terial; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. P erform s sim ple cle rica l and manual tasks r e ­
quired to maintain and s ervice file s .
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m e rs' o rd ers fo r m aterial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any com bination of the follow in g: Quoting p rices to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to make up the o rd e r; checking p rice s and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing ord er sheets to resp ective departments to be filled . May check with credit
department to determ ine credit rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receip t of o rd ers from cu stom ers,
follow up ord ers to see that they have been fille d , keep file of ord ers received , and check shipping
invoices with original o rd e rs.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E lliott F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a re co rd of business
transactions.
C lass A. Keeps a set of record s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping prin cip les, and fam ilia rity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determ ines proper record s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other re co rd s
by hand.
C lass B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of re co rd s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu stom ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d escribed under b ille r,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory con trol, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare con trol sheets fo r the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general d irection of a bookkeeper or accountant, has resp onsibility for
keeping one or m ore sections of a com plete set of books or re co rd s relating to one phase
of an establishm ent's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding
invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires judgment and e xp eri­
ence in making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and m ay d irect cla ss B accounting clerk s.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of com pany em ployees and enters the n ecessa ry data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w ork ers' earnings based on tim e or production re c o rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as w ork er's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions fo r insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a ssist paym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
P rim ary duty is to operate a C om ptom eter to p erform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk , which may involve fr e ­
quent use of a C om ptom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance of
other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class B. Under supervision, p erform s one or m ore routine accounting operations such
as posting sim ple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in
voucher reg isters ; reconcilin g bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con trolled by
general led gers, or posting sim ple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowl­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in office s in which the m ore routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several w orkers.




25

C lass A . Operates a num erical a n d /or alphabetical or com bination keypunch machine to
transcribe data fro m various source documents to keypunch tabulating ca rd s. P erform s same
tasks as low er level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of coding
skills and the making of some determ inations, fo r exam ple, locates on the source document
the item s to be punched; extracts inform ation fro m several docum ents; and searches fo r and
interprets inform ation on the docum ent to determ ine inform ation to be punched. May train
inexperienced operators.

26
SECRETARY— Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
C lass B. Under close supervision or follow ing sp ecific procedures or instructions,
tra n scrib es data from sou rce docum ents to punched ca rd s. Operates a num erical a nd/or
alphabetical or com bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating ca rd s. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source docum ents, follow s specified sequences which have
been coded or p rescrib ed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. P roblem s arising from erroneous item s or cod es, m issin g inform ation,
e tc., are re fe rre d to su p ervisor.

d. S ecreta ry to the head of an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc. (or other equivalent level
of officia l) that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or
e. S ecreta ry to the head of a la rge and important organizational segment (e.g ., a middle
management sup ervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred p ersons) of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 25,000 p e rs o n s .
Class C

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erform s various routine duties such as running erran ds, operating m inor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m a ilers, opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor cle rica l work.
SECRETARY
A ssigned as personal secreta ry, norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the d a y -to-d a y w ork a ctivities of the su p ervisor. Works fa irly inde­
pendently receivin g a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erfo rm s varied cle rica l
and secreta ria l duties, usually including m ost of the follow in g: (a) R eceives telephone ca lls,
personal c a lle r s , and incom ing m ail, answers routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the p roper p ersons; (b) establishes, m aintains, and rev ises the s u p e rviso r's file s ; (c) maintains
the s u p erv isor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m essages from super­
visor to subordinates; (e) review s corresp on den ce, m em oranda, and reports prepared by others
for the s u p erv isor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accu racy; and (f) p erform s
stenographic and typing work.
May a lso p erform other c le rica l and secreta rial tasks of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
prog ra m s, and p rocedu res related to the work of the sup ervisor.
E xclusions

Not all positions that are titled "s e c re ta ry " p ossess the above ch a ra cte ristics. Examples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follo w s: (a) Positions which do not m eet
the "p erson a l" secreta ry concept d escrib ed above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secreta rial
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of profession a l, technical,
or m anagerial p ersons; (d) secreta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore
routine or substantially m ore com p lex and responsible than those ch aracterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m ore d ifficult or m ore responsible technical, admin­
istrative, sup ervisory, or specialized cle rica l duties which are not typical of secreta rial work.
N OTE: The term "co rp o ra te o f f i c e r ," used in the level definitions follow ing, re fe rs to
those officia ls who have a significant corporate-w id e policym aking role with regard to m ajor
com pany activ ities. The title "v ice p resid en t," though norm ally indicative of this ro le , does not
in all ca ses identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act p er­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
adm inister individual trust accounts; d irectly supervise a cle rica l staff) are not con sidered to be
"corp ora te o ffic e r s " for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
C lass A
a. S ecreta ry to the chairm an of the board or president of a com pany that em ploys, in
all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or
b. S ecreta ry to a corporate o ffice r (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but few er than 25, 000 p e rs o n s ; or
c. S ecreta ry to the head (im m ediately below the corporate o ffice r level) of a m ajor
segm ent or subsidiary of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C lass B
a. S ecreta ry to the chairm an of the board or president of a com pany that em ploys, in
all, few er than 100 p e rs o n s ; or
b. S ecreta ry to a corp orate o ffice r (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; o r
c. S ecreta ry to the head (im m ediately below
corp ora te-w id e functional activity (e .g ., m arketing,
tions, etc.) o r a m ajor geographic or organizational
a m ajor division) of a com pany that em ploys, in
em p loy ees; or




the o ffice r level) over either a m ajor
resea rch , operations, industrial re la segment (e .g ., a regional headquarters;
all, over 5,000 but few er than 25,000

a. S ecreta ry to an executive or m anagerial p erson whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the s p e cific level situations in the definition fo r cla ss B, but whose subordinate staff
norm ally numbers at least severa l dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational
segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this level includes
a wide range of organizational ech elon s; in oth ers, only one o r two; or
b. S ecreta ry to the head of an individual plant, fa cto ry, etc. (or other equivalent level
of officia l) that em ploys, in all, few er than 5,000 p e rs o n s .
Class D
a. S ecreta ry to the sup ervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g ., few er than
about 25 or 30 p erson s);
b. S ecreta ry to a non supervisory staff sp ecialist, p ro fe ssio n a l em ployee, adm inistra­
tive o ffic e r , or assistant, skilled technician o r expert. (NOTE: Many com panies assign
stenographers, rather than se cre ta rie s as d escrib ed above, to this le ve l of sup ervisory or
non supervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary fro m one or m ore
persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May
also type fro m written copy. May maintain file s , keep sim ple re c o rd s, or p erform other relatively
routine cle rica l tasks. May operate fro m a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribin gmachine work. (See transcribin g-m achine o p e ra to r.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal b riefs or reports on scien tific re se a rch fro m one or m ore persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type fro m written
copy. May also set up and maintain file s , keep re c o rd s, etc.
OR
P erform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and resp on si­
bility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the follow ing: Work requires high degree of
stenographic speed and a ccu ra cy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedu res and of the specific business operations, organization, p o licie s, p roced u res, file s ,
workflow , etc. Uses this knowledge in p erform ing stenographic duties and responsible cle rica l
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assem bling m aterial fo r rep orts, m em orandum s, letters,
e tc.; com posing sim ple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and
answering routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribin g-m achine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant or office ca lls. P e rfo r m s full telephone inform ation se rv ice or handles
com plex ca lls, such as con feren ce, co lle ct, ov e rse a s, or sim ilar ca lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as d escrib ed fo r switchboard op era tor, cla ss B, or as a fu ll-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone inform ation se rv ice occu rs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable fo r telephone inform ation purp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently p resent frequent p roblem s as to
which extensions are appropriate fo r ca lls.)
Class B . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant or o ffice ca lls. May handle routine long distance ca lls and re co rd tolls.
May p e rfo rm lim ited telephone inform ation serv ice . ("L im ited " telephone inform ation service
o ccu rs if the functions of the establishm ent se rvice d are readily understandable fo r telephone
inform ation p urposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
s p e cific names are furnished, or if com plex ca lls are re fe rre d to another operator.)

27
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a sin gle-p osition or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or p erform routine c le rica l work as part of regular
duties. This typing or cle rica l work m ay take the m ajor part of this w o rk e r's tim e while at
switchboard.

Class C. Operates sim ple tabulating or e le ctrica l accounting machines such as the
s o rte r, reproducing punch, colla tor, e tc., with s p e cific instructions. May include sim ple
wiring from diagram s and som e filing w ork. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrica l accounting m achines, typically
including such m achines as the tabulator, calculator, interp reter, co lla to r, arid others.
P e rfo rm s com plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and p erform s difficult
w iring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating assignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex reports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type r e ­
quiring som e planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a m ore experienced op erator,
is typ ically involved in training new operators in machine op erations, or partially trained
operators in wiring from diagram s and operating sequences of long and com plex rep orts.
Does not include working sup ervisors perform ing tabulating-m achine operations and d a y-today supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulating-m achine op erators.
Class B. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrica l accounting machines such as the
tabulator and ca lcu la tor, in addition to the s o rte r, rep rod u cer, and colla tor. This work is
p erform ed under s p ecific instructions and may include the perform ance of som e wiring fro m
d iagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting e x e r cis e , a com plete but sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and m ore
com plex report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recu rrin g nature where the p ro ­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training of new em ployees in the basic
operation of the machine.

P rim a ry duty is to tra n scrib e dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribin g-m achine re co rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple cle rica l work.
W orkers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
b rie fs or reports on scien tific resea rch are not included. A w orker who takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is cla ssifie d as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials fo r use in duplicating p ro ce s s e s. May do cle rica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple re c o rd s , filing re co rd s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
Class A . P erfo rm s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing m aterial in final form when it
involves com bining m aterial from several sou rces or responsibility for co r re ct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual w ords or foreign language m aterial;
and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniform ity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B . P e rfo rm s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o lic ie s, e tc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations,
or copying m ore com plex tables already setup and spaced p roperly.

PROFESSIONAL AN D TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

M onitors and operates the con trol con sole of a digital com puter to p ro ce s s data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a prog ra m er. W ork includes m ost of the follow ing:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape re e ls , ca rd s, etc.); switches n ecessa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and starts
and operates com puter; m akes adjustments to com puter to c o r r e c t operating p roblem s and m eet
special conditions; review s e r r o r s made during operation and determ ines cause or re fe rs problem
to su p ervisor or p rog ra m er; and maintains operating re co rd s. May test and a ssist in correctin g
program .

Converts statements of business p rob lem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problem s by automatic data
p rocessin g equipment. Working fro m charts or diagram s, the p rogra m er develops the p re cise
instructions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve d esired results. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Applies knowledge
of computer cap abilities, m athem atics, lo g ic em ployed by com puters, and particular subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the problem to be program ed. D evelops sequence
of p rogram steps, w rites detailed flow charts to show ord er in which data w ill be p ro ce sse d ;
converts these charts to coded instructions fo r m achine to follow ; tests and co r re cts p rogram s;
p repares instructions fo r operating p ersonnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
p rogram s to in crease operating e fficie n cy o r adapt to new requirem ents; maintains record s of
program developm ent and rev ision s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and p r o ­
graming should be cla ssifie d as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)

F or wage study p u rp oses, com puter op erators are cla ssifie d as follow s:
C lass A . O perates independently, or under only general d irection, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the following ch a ra cteristics; New program s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of critica l im portance to m inim ize downtime; the
program s are of com plex design so that identification of e r r o r sou rce often requires a working
knowledge of the total p rogra m , and alternate program s m ay not be available. May give
d irection and guidance to low er level op erators.
Class B. O perates independently, or under only general d irection, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the follow ing ch a ra cteristics: M ost of the program s are established
production runs, typ ica lly run on a regularly recurring b a s is; there is little or no testing
of new p rogram s required; alternate p rogram s are provided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be c o r re cte d within a reasonable tim e. In com m on e r r o r situations,
diagnoses cause and takes c o r re ctiv e action. This usually involves applying previou sly p r o ­
gram ed co r re ctiv e steps, or using standard co r re ctio n techniques.

Does not include em ployees p rim a rily responsible fo r the management or supervision of
other e lectron ic data p rocessin g (EDP) em ployees, o r p rogra m ers p rim arily concerned with
scien tific a n d /o r engineering p rob lem s.
F or wage study p urposes, p rog ra m ers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
C lass A . Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all phases of program ing concepts and p ra ctice s. Working from dia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d esired results, m ajor p rocessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between various steps of the p roblem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.

OR
Operates under d irect supervision a com puter running program s or segm ents of program s
with the ch a ra cteristics d escrib ed for cla ss A. May a ssist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le ss d ifficult tasks assigned, and p erform ing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed .
Class G. W orks on routine program s under clo s e supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect p roblem s involved in
running routine p rog ra m s. U sually has receiv ed som e form a l training in com puter operation.
May a ssist higher level op erator on com plex program s.




At this le vel, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment must be organized to
produce severa l interrelated but d iverse products fro m numerous and diverse data elem ents.
A wide va riety and extensive number of internal p ro ce ssin g actions must o ccu r. This requires
such actions as developm ent of com m on operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when p rogram requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to fo rm a highly integrated p rogram .
May provide functional d irection to low er level p rog ra m ers who are assigned to assist.

28
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued

maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) C onfers with p ersons concerned to determine
the data p rocessin g problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p rocessin g system s to be applied.

C lass B . W orks independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p rog ra m s, o r on sim ple segm ents of com plex p rogram s. P ro g ra m s (or segments) usually
p ro ce s s inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form a ts. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous re co rd s m ay be
p ro ce s s e d , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the a ccu ra cy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. T ypically, the p rogram deals with
routine record -k eep in g type operations.

OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p ro ce ssin g schem e or system , as d escrib ed for
cla ss A. W orks independently on routine assignm ents and re ce iv e s instruction and guidance
on com plex assignm ents. W ork is review ed fo r a ccu ra cy of judgment, com pliance with in­
structions, and to insure prop er alinement with the o ve ra ll system .

OR

Class C . Works under imm ediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ra ctica l experience
in the application of p roced u res and skills required fo r system s analysis work. F or example,
m ay a ssist a higher le ve l system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by p rog ra m ers fro m inform ation developed by the higher le ve l analyst.

W orks on com plex p rog ra m s (as d escrib ed fo r cla ss A) under clo s e d irection of a higher
level p rog ra m er or su p ervisor. May a ssist higher level prog ra m er by independently p e r ­
form ing less d ifficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly clo se
d irection.
May guide or instruct low er level p rog ra m ers.

DRAFTSMAN
C lass A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting p recedents. W orks in clo se sup­
port with the design origin ator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of fo rm , function, and positional relationships of co m ­
ponents and parts. W orks with a m inimum of su p ervisory a ssistance. Completed work is
review ed by design origin ator fo r con sistency with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either prepare drawings, or d irect their preparation by low er le ve l draftsm en.

C lass C . Makes p ra ctica l applications of program ing p ra ctices and concepts usually
learned in form a l training cou rses. Assignm ents are designed to develop com petence in the
application of standard p roced u res to routine prob lem s. R eceives clo s e supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and w ork is review ed to v erify its a ccu ra cy and conform ance with
required p roced u res.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS

Class B . P e rfo r m s nonroutine and com p lex drafting assignm ents that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: P re p a re s working drawings of subassem blies with irreg u la r shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re cis e positional relationships between com ponents; prepares a rch i­
tectural drawings fo r construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, flo o r plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and manuals in making n ecessary
computations to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load cap acities, strengths,
stre ss e s, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice fro m supervisor.
Completed work is checked fo r technical adequacy.

Analyzes business p roblem s to form ulate p roced u res for solving them by use of electron ic
data p roces s in g equipment. D evelops a com plete d escrip tion of all specifications needed to enable
p rog ra m ers to p rep are required digital com puter prog ra m s. Work involves m ost of the follow ing:
Analyzes su bject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and cr ite ria required
to achieve satisfa ctory resu lts; s p ecifies number and types of re c o rd s, file s , and docum ents to
be used; outlines actions to be p erform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail fo r
presentation to management and fo r program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the developm ent of test problem s and participates in tria l runs of
new and rev ised system s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE; W orkers p erform in g both system s analysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)

C lass C. P re p a re s detail drawings of single units o r parts fo r engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or repair purp oses. Types of drawings prepared include iso m e tric p rojection s
(depicting three dim insions in accurate scale) and section al view s to cla rify positioning of
com ponents and convey needed inform ation. C onsolidates details from a number of sou rces
and adjusts or transposes sca le as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
p receden ts, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are le ss com plete when assignm ents re cu r. W ork m ay be spot-ch ecked during p ro g re ss .

Does not include em ployees p rim a rily responsible fo r the management or supervision of
other electron ic data processin g (EDP) em ployees, o r system s analysts p rim arily con cerned with
s cien tific or engineering prob lem s.
F or wage study p u rp oses,

DRAFTSM AN-TRACER

system s analysts are cla ss ifie d as follow s:

C lass A . W orks independently or under only general d irection on com plex problem s
involving all phases of system s analysis. P rob lem s are com plex because of d iverse sources
of input data and m ultiple-use requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory con trol, cost analysis, and sales analysis re c o rd in
which every item of each type is autom atically p ro ce s s e d through the full system of record s
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the com puter.) Confers with persons con ­
cerned to determ ine the data p rocessin g p roblem s and advises su b ject-m atter p ersonnel on
the im plications of new or rev ised system s of data p rocessin g operations. Makes r e c o m ­
m endations, if needed, fo r approval of m ajor system s installations or changes and fo r
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional d irection to low er level system s analysts who are assigned to
a ssist.
C lass B . W orks independently o r under only general d irection on problem s that are
rela tively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogra m , and operate. P rob lem s are of lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are hom ogeneous and the output data are clo s e ly
related. (F or exam ple, develops system s fo r maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,

m a in t e n a n c e

C opies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or p encil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans p rim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large sca le not requiring clo s e delineation.)
a n d /or
P rep a res sim ple or repetitive drawings of e a sily visualized item s. W ork is clo s e ly supervised
during p ro g re ss .
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A re g iste re d nurse who gives nursing s e rv ice under general m edical d irection to ill or
injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p re m ise s of a
fa ctory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination of the follow ing: Giving firs t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d ressing of em p loyees' in ju ries; keeping record s
of patients treated; preparing accident reports fo r com pensation or other p urposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rogra m s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent,
o r other activities affecting the health, w elfa re, and safety of all personnel.

and

pqw erplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

P e rfo r m s the carpentry duties n ecessa ry to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, cr ib s , cou nters, benches, partitions, d o o rs , flo o r s , sta irs,
casin gs, and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning
and laying out of w ork from blueprints, drawings, m od els, or verbal instructions using a variety

of ca rp en ter's handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making
standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of w ork; and selecting m aterials n ecessary
fo r the work. In general, the w ork of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship o r equivalent training and experience.




29
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)— Continued

P erform s a variety of electrica l trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e le ctric energy in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
e le ctrica l equipment such as gen erators, tra n sform ers, sw itchboards, co n tro lle rs, circu it break­
e r s , m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other tra n sm ission equipment; working from
blueprints, draw ings, layouts, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
e le ctrica l system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of
wiring or e le ctrica l equipment; and using a va riety of ele ctricia n ’ s handtools and m easuring and
testing instrum ents. In general, the work of the maintenance ele ctricia n requires rounded tra in ­
ing and exp erien ce usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship o r equivalent training and
experien ce.

the various a ssem blies in the vehicle and making n ecessary adjustments; and alining w heels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the w ork of the automotive
m echanic requires rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and m ay also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrica l) to supply the establishm ent in which em ployed with pow er,
heat, refrig era tion , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air c o m p re s so rs , gen erators, m o to rs, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam b oilers and b o ile r -fe d water pumps; making equipment rep a irs; and
keeping a re c o rd of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
p erv ise these operations. Head o r ch ief engineers in establishm ents em ploying m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ire s stationary b o ile rs to furnish the establishment in which em ployed with heat, pow er,
or steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or o il burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, o il, or a ssist in repairing b o ile rro o m equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ss ists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance tra d es, by perform ing s p ecific
or general duties of le s s e r skill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning .working area, m achine, and equipment; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to p erform varies from trade to trade: In som e trades the helper is con ­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in
others he is perm itted to p erform specialized m achine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also p erform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine to o ls , such as jig b o re rs ,
cylin drical or surface grin d ers, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and perform ing difficult m achining operations; p rocessin g item s requiring com plicated setups
or a high degree of a ccu ra cy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting fe e d s,
speeds, toolin g, and operation sequence; and making n ecessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need d r e s s ­
ing, to d ress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F o r c r o s s ­
industry wage study p u rp oses, m achine-tool op era tors, to o lroom , in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this cla ssification .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
P roduces replacem ent parts and new parts in making rep a irs of m etal parts of m echan­
ical equipment operated in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting
written instructions and specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m a­
ch in ist's handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine
tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of w ork, tooling, feed s, and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working properties
of the com m on m etals; selecting standard m ateria ls, parts, and equipment required fo r his work;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ra ctice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the follow ing: Examining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling o r partly dismantling m achines and perform ing rep a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken o r defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a m achine shop fo r m ajor re p a irs; preparing written specifications fo r m ajor repairs
or fo r the production of parts ord ered fro m machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all n e ce ssa ry adjustments fo r operation. In general, the work of a maintenance m echanic r e ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experien ce. Excluded from this cla ssification are w orkers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new m achines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and installs machines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m ost of the fo l­
low ing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s tr e ss e s,
strength of m a te ria ls, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard to o ls , equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good ord er power
tra n sm ission equipment such as drives and speed red u cers. In general, the m illw right's work
norm ally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form a l
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
L ubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing surfaces
equipment of an establishm ent.

of m echanical

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodw ork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required fo r different
applications; preparing surface fo r painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r
in nail holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix c o lo r s , o ils ,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain prop er co lo r or consistency. In general, the
w ork of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.
PIPE FITTER , MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs w ater, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Laying out of work and m easuring to lo ­
cate position of pipe fro m drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to co r re ct lengths with chisel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or p ow er-d riven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to p re s su re s, flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determ ine whether
finished pipes m eet specification s. In general, the w ork of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. W orkers p rim a rily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating system s are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good ord er. Work involves: Knowledge
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m b e r's snake. In
general, the w ork of the maintenance plum ber requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tra ctors of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the follow ing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassem bling equipment and p erform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
w renches, gages, d rills , or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing

F a b rica tes, in stalls, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fix ­
tures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lo ck e rs , tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,
m etal roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and laying
out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work fro m blueprints, m odels, ox other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of




30
SH EE T-M E TAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheetm etal a rticles as required. In general, the w ork of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requires
rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce.

using a variety of tool and die m ak er's handtools and p re cisio n m easuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of com m on m etals and a lloys; setting up and operating of
m achine tools and related equipment; making n ecessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of w ork, speeds, feed s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p re scrib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m ateria ls, tools, and p ro ce s s e s. In general, the tool and die m ak er's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and to o lro o m p ra ctice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experien ce.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and rep a irs m achine-shop to o ls , gages, jig s , fixtures or dies for forg in gs,
punching, and other m eta l-form in g w ork. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of work from m od els, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;

F o r cr o ss -in d u stry wage study purp oses, tool and die m akers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded fro m this cla ssification .

CUSTODIAL AN D MATERIAL MOVEMENT

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P e rfo r m s routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
o rd er, using arm s o r fo r c e where n ecessa ry . Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
W atchman. Makes rounds of p rem ises p eriod ica lly in protecting property against fir e ,
theft, and illeg a l entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P rep a res m erchandise fo r shipment, or re ce iv e s and is responsible for incom ing ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work in volves: A knowledge of shipping
p roced u res, p ra ctice s, rou tes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arges, and
keeping a file of shipping re c o rd s. May d irect or a ssist in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. R eceiving w ork in v olv es: V erifying or directing others in verifying the correctn ess of
shipments against bills of lading, in v oices, or other re c o rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to prop er departments; and maintaining n e ce s­
sary record s and file s.

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
F o r wage study purp oses, w orkers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition fa ctory working areas and w ashroom s, or
p rem ises of an o ffice , apartment house, or com m ercia l or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a com bination of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs ; rem oving
chips, trash, and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor maintenance s e rv ice s ; and cleaning la va tories, show­
e rs , and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; tru cker; stockman or stock h elper; w a re­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A w orker em ployed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, sto re , or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight ca rs , tru cks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in p roper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, ca r, or w heelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER

R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m e rs' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
make m inor m echanical re p a irs, and keep truck in good working ord er. D riv e r-sa le sm e n and
o v e r -th e -ro a d d rivers are excluded.
F o r wage study p u rp oses, tru ckd rivers are cla ssifie d by size and type of equipment,
as fo llo w s; (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of tra ile r capacity.)

FILLER

(O rder p icker; stock sele c to r ; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or tran sfer ord ers for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a c c o r d ­
ance with specifications on sales s lip s, cu stom ers' o rd e rs , or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling ord ers and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep re co rd s of outgoing o rd e rs , req u i­
sition additional stock or rep ort short supplies to su p ervisor, and p erform other related duties.

T ru ckd river (com bination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ckd river, light (under IV2 tons)
T ru ckd river, medium (l'/z to and including 4 tons)
T ru ck d river, heavy (over 4 tons, tra ile r type)
T ru ckd river, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)
TRUCKER, POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
P rep a res finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tain ers, the s p e c ific operations p erform ed being dependent upon the type, size , and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Knowl­
edge of various item s of stock in ord er to v erify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting en closures in container; using e x c e lsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. P a ck ers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually con trolled ga solin e- or e le ctric-p o w e r e d truck or tra ctor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other
establishm ent.
F o r wage study purp oses, w orkers a;re cla ssifie d by type of truck, as follow s:
T ru ck er, power (forklift)
T ru ck er, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t -------

Th e tenth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l
em p lo y e e s.
O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1654, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 6 9 . S e v e n t y - f i v e
ce n ts a c o p y .




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u ll e tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s tu d ie s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a g e and H o u r and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on
the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , J u ly 1969 1------------------------ ----------------------------A lb any— c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970____________
S
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1969----------------------------------A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m ^ E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1969-----B
A tla nta, G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1969________________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A rthu r—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1_____
P
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1969---------------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1969 1___________________________
B o i s e C it y , Idaho, N o v . 1969_____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1969-------------------------------------------------B u ff a lo , N . Y . , O ct. 1969___________________________________
B u r lin g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1970________________________________
Canton, O h io , M a y 1 9 6 9 ___________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1970 1---------------------------------------------C h atta n o o ga , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1969--------------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 _________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O h io — y .—I n d . , F e b . 1970___________________
K
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1969----------------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1969-----------------------------------------------D a lla s , T e x . , O ct . 1969-----------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k Isla nd— o l i n e , Iow a—
R
M
111.,
O ct . 1969 1__________________________________________________
D a yton , O h i o , D e c . 1969_______ ___________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1 — _—__ ___________________ __
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r . 1969_____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , Jan. 1969 1 _______________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O ct . 1969______________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u ly 1969----------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1______________________________
H o u s to n , T e x . , M a y 1969 1-------------------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct. 1969---------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1970-------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1969------------------------------------------K a n s a s C ity, M o . —K a n s ., Sept. 1969-------------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N .H ., June 1 9 6 9 ---------------H
L ittle R o c k - N o r t h L ittle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1969-----------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im —
Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1969 1 -------------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—I n d . , N o v. 1969 1--------------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1970 1 ----------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1969--------------------------------------------M e m p h i s , Ten n.—A r k . , N o v. 1969 1----------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1969___________ - __ _______ ___ - ___ _____
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 * --------------------------M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969_______________________________
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1970 1________________

1

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1660-51,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1660-11,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1660-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
35 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
35 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
35 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
45 c e n t s
45 ce n ts
25 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
65 c e n ts
35 ce n ts
40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1660-18,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
50 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 ce n ts
45 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
30 cen ts
35 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
30 c e n ts

1625-78,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1660-3,
1660-31.
1660-32,
1660-44,
1625-66,
1660-46,

50 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
40 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
50 ce n ts

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , Jan. 1970 1______________
N ew H av e n , C o n n ., Jan. 1970 1
____________________________
N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1970_____________________________
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969_______________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N ew s—
P
H am pto n , V a . , June 1968________________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O k l a . , J u ly 1969 1________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —Iowa, Sept. 1969__________________________
P a t e r son— lifto n — a s s a i c , N .J ., M a y 1969_____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v. 1969 1______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1969________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1969________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , Nov. 1969 1_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h ., M a y 1969_______________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R.I.—M a s s . ,
P
W
M a y 1969 1 _________________________________________________
R a le ig h , N . C . , Aug. 1969__________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1969________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s on ly),
J u ly 1969___________________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1969 1__________________________
Salt L a k e C it y , Utah, N o v. 1969 1_______________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , June 1969 1 ___________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a lif . ,
R
O
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1969 1 ____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — akla nd, C a l i f . , O ct . 1969 1_____________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1969 1_____________________________
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1969---------------------------------------------------S c r a n to n , P a . , J u ly 1969---------------------------------------------------Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1970_______________________
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k., Sept. 1969--------------------------------------South B e n d, Ind., M a r . 1969_______________________________
S p o kan e , W a s h ., June 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1969-------------------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1969 1_______________
T o l e d o , O h io — i c h . , F e b . 1970___________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N .J ., Sept. 1969_________________________________
U t ica —R o m e , N . Y .. J u ly 1969-------------------------------------------W a s h in g t o n , D .C .—Md.—V a . , Sept. 1969 1________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n .. M a r . 1970 1___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Jan. 1970________________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1969-------------------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969_______________________________________
Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h i o , N o v. 1969 1_________________
W

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1 6 2 5 -8 0 ,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1625-88,

30
50
35
30
60

cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1575-85,
1 6 6 0 -1 7 ,
1 6 6 0 -1 2 ,
1 6 2 5 -8 7 ,
1660-48,
1625-60,
1 6 2 5 -5 9 ,
1 6 6 0 -2 6 ,
1625-76,

30
35
30
35
60
30
35
35
30

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1625-74,
1 6 6 0 -6 ,
1625-69,

35 ce nts
30 ce n ts
30 ce nts

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1660-30,
1625-85,

30
30
50
35
35

ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1625-68,
1 6 6 0 -1 5 ,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1 6 2 5 -5 5 ,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1 6 6 0 -7 ,
1660-56,
1 6 6 0 -2 1 ,
1660-1,
1 6 6 0 -1 9 ,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1 6 2 5 -4 1 ,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1660-38,

30
35
50
35
30
30
30
25
30
30
30
35
30
30
30
50
35
30
30
30
30
35

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
B U R E A U OF L A B O R S TA T I S TI C S
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C .

20212

O F F I C I A L BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102