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s-ys-s

A re a Wage S u rv e y

£>aytoo & Montgomery Qo

Public Library

AUG 2 4 1968

d o c u m e n tc o l l e c t io n

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

Region I
John F. Kennedy Federal Building
Government Center, Room 1 6 03 -B
Boston, Mass. 02203
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Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
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Region III
1518 Walnut St.
Room 1310
Philadelphia, Pa. 19102
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R eg ion IV
1371 Peachtree St. , NE.
A tlanta, Ga. 3030 9
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Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
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Federal Office Building
Third Floor
911 Walnut St.
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Region VII
Mayflower Building
Room 337
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, T e x. 75201
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R egion VIII
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T e l.: 556-4678




Area Wage Survey
The Charlotte, North Carolina, Metropolitan Area




April 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-57
July 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ben Burdetsky, Acting Commissioner

For tale by the Superintendent of Documents, U S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




P reface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of a n n u a l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l is h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w age p r o v is i o n s .
It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d a ta by s e l e c t e d in d u s try d iv isio n for e a c h
of t h e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r t h e
U nited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in t h e p r o g r a m i s
t h e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t i n to (1) t h e m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) t h e s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t t h e en d of e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d iv i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n of a l l of t h e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n i s i s s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h of t h e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s t u d i e d i n t o o ne b u l l e t i n .
The secon d p a rt p re s e n ts in ­
f o r m a t i o n w h i c h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d iv i d u a l m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the
United S ta t e s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n __________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _______________________________
T ab les;
1.
2.

A.

B.

E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e
p rogram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n ­
i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s
an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b i e n n i a l l y .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of the s u r v e y in
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , in A p r i l 1 9 6 8 .
The S tan dard M e tro p o lita n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u of th e B u d g e t
t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 7 , c o n s i s t s of M e c k l e n b u r g and U nion
C oun ties.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d in the B u r e a u ' s r e ­
g i o n a l o f f i c e in N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , H e r b e r t B i e n s t o c k , D i ­
recto r.
T h e s t u d y w a s u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of
Fred erick
W . M u e l l e r , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r of
O p eratio n s.




1
4

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e of s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ___________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s of s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ___________________________

4

O ccu p ation al e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n an d w o m e n ____________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n ________________
m
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ______________

9
10
10

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n office
w o r k e r s ____________________________________________________________
B - 2 . S hift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _________________________________________________
B - 3 . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s __________________________________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a lth s i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s _________________________
B - 7 . P r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e w o r k ______________________________

12
13
14
15
16
19
20

Appendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _________________________________________

areas.

* N OTE:
S im ila r tabu lation s a r e av ailab le fo r
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r . )

o th er

U nion s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e of p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
t h e C h a r l o t t e a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u ild in g c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n ; p r i n t i n g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; an d
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a l l i e d o c c u p a t i o n s .

iii

3

6
8

21




Area Wage Survey
The Charlotte, N.C., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 of 86 in w h i c h the U . S D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u cts s u rv e y s oJ o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f it s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e ­
s e n ta tiv e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ithin s ix b ro a d ind ustry d iv isio n s: M a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
services.
M a jo r in d u stry grou ps exclud ed fro m th ese stu d ies a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n an d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s ta b li s h m e n ts h a vin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n um ber of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a ’a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b ­
lication c r it e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d o n a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
t h e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d i e d .
In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t .
Es­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y groi p in g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O ccu p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f the
f o l l o w i n g t y p e s : (1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; an d (4) c u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t of job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w i t h i n t h e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x .
T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a fo l l o w i n g
the jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a rn in g s d ata fo r s o m e
of t h e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s too s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
of ind ividu al e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s d ata a r e show n fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh if ts .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g




a l l o w a n c e s an d i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is t o t h e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y
for o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w eek ly e a r n ­
i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to t h e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
The a v e ra g e s p re se n te d re f le c t co m p o site , areaw ide e s ti­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d j o b
staffin g and, th u s, c o n tr ib u te d if fe r e n tly to the e s t i m a t e s fo r e a c h job.
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S im ilarly , d ifferen ces
in a v e r a g e p a y
l e v e l s f o r m e n an d w o m e n in a n y of the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s sh o u ld
n ot be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s
w it h i n i n d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th e r p o s s ib le f a c t o r s w hich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n an d w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly the
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; an d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h i n t h e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
t h a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l lo w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n the s c o p e of t h e s t u d y an d n ot th e n u m b e r
actu ally su rveyed.
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n i n g s d ata.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( in t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an
s u p p le m e n ta ry w age p ro v is io n s as they
r e l a t e to p l a n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , an d
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , a n d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t i l i z e d
as a se p a ra te w ork fo r c e a re excluded.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " include
w o r k i n g f o r e m e n a n d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d in g l e a d m e n an d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s "
i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s an d n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or r e la te d fu n ctions.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s an d r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.

2
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n offic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly t o t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e of t h e o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , and t h e p r o b a b i l i t y t h a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e t h e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l t h a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , t h e t a b l e is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - Z ) a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s of (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s of t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (Z) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s of
w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on t h e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t t h e t i m e of t h e
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , t h e a m o u n t
a p p l y in g t o a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
t h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u rs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if fe r e n tia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly if it a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y of the s h if t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( ta b le B - 3 ) of a m a j o r i t y of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l of t h e p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Scheduled
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p aid fo r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a i d h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p l a n s ; an d p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e w o r k ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l
p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s of i n d i v i d u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - Z t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
rou nd ing.
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d t o d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (Z) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d the w o r k e r i s n ot g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y off.
The first
p a r t of t h e p a id h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r of w h o l e an d h a lf
holidays a ctu a lly g ran ted .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e an d h a lf
h o l i d a y s t o sh o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .

D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t of the
c o s t . Such p lan s include th o s e u n d e r w r i tt e n by a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
fo r this p u rp o se .
An e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e a p l a n
if the m a j o r i t y of e m p l o y e e s w e r e e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d the c o s t of the p l a n . L e ­
g ally re q u ire d p lan s, such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to t h a t t y p e of
in s u ra n c e under which p r e d e te r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d on a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
d isab ility.
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s t o w h i c h the
e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N ew J e r s e y , w h i c h
have en acted t e m p o r a r y d isab ility in s u ra n c e law s w hich r e q u ir e e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 2 p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n ­
t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (Z) p r o v i d e s t h e e m p l o y e e
w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s of t h e l a w . T a b u l a t i o n s
of p a id s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 3 w h i c h p r o v i d e
full p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n of the w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to
(1) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e fu ll p a y an d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (Z) p l a n s
w hich provid e e ith e r p a r t ia l pay o r a w a itin g p e rio d .
In a d d i t i o n to
t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n of the p r o p o r t i o n s of w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v i d e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p l i c a t e d
t o t a l is sh o w n of w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r b o t h t y p e s of b e n e f i t s .

C a ta stro p h e in s u ra n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as m a jo r m e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e of s i c k n e s s an d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
th e n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , an d s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d ic a l i n s u ra n c e r e f e r s to p lan s p ro v id in g fo r c o m p l e te o r p a r t i a l
p a y m e n t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
S u c h p l a n s m a y be u n d e r w r i t t e n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l in su ra n ce com p an ies or n onprofit o rg a n iz a tio n s or they m a y
be p a id fo r b y the e m p l o y e r o u t of a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r t h i s p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t i o n s of r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e p l a n s
t h a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r t h e r e m a i n d e r of the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .

T h e s u m m a r y of v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b le B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s .
It is not i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e of t h e p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s of s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y in g to a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s of l e n g t h of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r t h a n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t of Z p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u i v ­
a l e n t of 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s and
th o se w hich offer " e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l" b en efits beyond b a s ic
p l a n s to w o r k e r s w it h q u a l if y in g l e n g t h s of s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l of s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a t a on o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m p a y ( t a b l e B - 7 ) , th e h o u r s a f t e r
w h i c h p r e m i u m p a y is r e c e i v e d a n d th e c o r r e s p o n d i n g r a t e of p a y , a r e
p r e s e n t e d by d a i l y and w e e k l y p r o v i s i o n s .
D aily o v e r t i m e r e f e r s to
w o r k in e x c e s s of a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r of h o u r s a d a y r e g a r d l e s s of
the n u m b e r of h o u r s w o r k e d on o t h e r d a y s of the p a y p e r i o d . W e e k l y
o v e r t i m e r e f e r s to w o r k in e x c e s s of a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r of h o u r s
p e r w e e k r e g a r d l e s s of the d a y on w h i c h it i s p e r f o r m e d , the n u m b e r
of h o u r s p e r d a y , o r n u m b e r of d a y s w o r k e d .

1 A n establishm ent was considered as having a policy if it m e t eith er of the follow ing
conditions: (1 ) O perated la te shifts a t the tim e of the survey, or (2 ) had form al provisions covering
la te shifts. An establishm ent was considered as having form al provisions if it (1 ) had operated la te
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in w ritten form for operating
la te shifts.

The tem porary disability laws in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
contributions.
An establishm ent was considered as having a form al plan if it established a t least the
m inim um number of days of sick leave av ailab le to e a ch em p lo y ee.
Such a plan need not be
w ritten , but informal sick leave allow ances, determ ined on an individual basis, were exclu d ed .




3

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d W o r k e r s Within S c o p e of S u r v e y an d N u m b e r St u d ie d in C h a r l o t t e ,

N. C . , 1 by M a j o r I n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 A p r i l 1 9 6 8

N u m b e r of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

In d u stry division

Minim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
of st u d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W i t h i n s c o p e of s t u d y

W it hi n s c o p e
of s t u d y 3

Stud ied
T otal4

S tu d ie d

Plant
Num ber

A l l d i v i s i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a nd
o t h e r pu bl ic u t i l i t i e s 5 __________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e -----------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e _________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a nd r e a l e s t a t e -------------S e r v i c e s 8 ___________________________________________

_

Percent

82,800

O f f ic e
T otal4

466

140

10 0

51 ,9 0 0

14,400

4 4 , 52 0

50
-

17 0
296

57
83

34,000
48,8 0 0

41
59

26 ,4 0 0
25, 500

2, 9 0 0
11, 5 0 0

1 6 ,880
2 7 ,640

50
50
50
50
50

47
88
69
37
55

22
16
19
11
15

15 , 2 0 0
8, 3 0 0
12,400
6, 0 0 0
6, 9 0 0

19
10
15
7
8

7, 6 0 0

2, 7 0 0

(6)
(6)
(7 )
(6)

( 6)

0

( 6)
(6)

1 1,
2,
6,
3,
3,

250
460
7 30
6 80
520

1 T h e C h a r l o t t e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s def ine d by the B u r e a u of th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 7 , c o n s i s t s of M e c k l e n b u r g an d U ni o n C o u n t i e s .
T h e " w o r k e r s wit hin s c o p e
of s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n of the s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n of th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e not in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r ,
to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w i t h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la nn in g of w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t data
c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e of th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , an d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e of the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d i t i o n of th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M an ua l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s by i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i th t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w it h i n th e a r e a ) of c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a nd m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S ep arate presentation
of d a t a f o r th i s d i v i s i o n is no t m a d e f o r one o r m o r e of th e fo llo wi ng r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e st u d y , (2) the s a m p l e w a s not
d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e of in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h i s e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , but f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n only in
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n of d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e of the r e a s o n s g i v e n in f o o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a nd p a r k i n g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s (e x c l u d i n g
r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g i n e e r i n g a nd a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




M o r e th a n t w o - f i f t h s of th e w o r k e r s w i th in s c o p e of th e s u r v e y in th e C h a r l o t t e a r e a
w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o ll o w in g t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y
g r o u p s a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t of a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g ;
Industry g rou p s

Specific in d u stries

T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s -------------------- 24
F o o d an d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 15
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l — 10
C h e m ica ls and allied
p r o d u c t s __________________________
9
A p p a r e l and o t h e r t e x t i l e
p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------------- 8
P r i n t i n g a nd p u b l i s h i n g __________ 7

K n itt in g m i l l s ---------------------------------- 8
W e a v i n g m i l l s , c o t t o n ____________ 8
P lastics m aterials
a n d s y n t h e t i c s ____________________ 5

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s of t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d if f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s of the s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g t h e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e of t h e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 an d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ) .
S u b tr a c tin g 100 f r o m the in d ex
y i e l d s t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to t h e
date of the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w age
ch a n g e s b etw een the in d ica te d d a te s .
T h ese e stim ates a re
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r t h e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n ot i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e a r e a .
M ethod of Com puting

in t h e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e i g h t s r e f l e c t toase y e a r
em ploym ents w h e re v e r p o ssib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) e a rn in g s fo r
e a c h o ccu p a tio n w e r e m u ltip lie d by the o c c u p a t i o n a l w eig h t, and the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in t h e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d .
The ag g re g a te s
for

2 consecutive y e a rs w e re

related

by

d iv i d i n g

th e

ag g re g a te for

t h e l a t e r y e a r by the a g g r e g a t e f o r t h e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resu ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , sh ow s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
The in d ex
i s t h e p r o d u c t of m u l t i p l y i n g t h e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 ) b y t h e r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g t o m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e by th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e earn ings
f o r t h e fo llo w in g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g t h e w a g e t r e n d s :

E a c h o f t h e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h i n a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w om en):
B o ok keeping-m achin e operators,
class B
Clerks, accou n tin g, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
C o m p tom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

T able 2.

O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w om en)—
Continued
S e cre ta rie s
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a ch in e operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Indexes of Standard W eekly Salaries and S tra ig h t-T im e Hourly Earnings for S elected O ccupational Groups in C h arlo tte, N. C. ,
A pril 1968 and April 1 9 6 7 , and Percents of Increase for S e le cte d Periods

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m e n and w o m e n )------Industrial nurses (m e n and w o m e n )----Skilled m ain ten an ce ( m e n ) ---------------U nskilled plant ( m e n ) --------------------------

D ata do not m e e t p u b lication c rite ria .

April 1964
to
April 1965

April 1963
to
April 1964

A pril 1962
to
A pril 1963

A pril 1961
to
A pril 1962

April 1967

A pril 1966
to
April 1967

132. 1

12 4 . 2

6. 3

4 .4

4 .7

3. 6

3 .2

2. 8

3. 4

2. 6

(!)
1 3 7 .0
142. 6

( !)
1 2 8 .9
132. 1

(!)
6. 2
8 .0

(M
6. 3
7 .2

(!)
1 .9
6 .6

( !)
3. 7
5 .0

(M
2. 5
5 .8

(M
3. 8
.4

(J)
7 .9
3. 6

(M
4. 1
2. 7

1 2 8 .9

1 2 1 .8

5. 8

4 .5

1 .6

3. 3

4. 2

3. 0

3. 4

2 .6

(!)
13 1 . 1
1 4 1 .4

(!)
1 2 3 .8
1 3 0 .0

(!)
5. 9
8. 8

(!)
7 .4
7 .9

(!)
(!)
3 .5

(M
( 1)
3 .9

l 1)
0)
4 .9

(!)
1. 8
1. 6

(!)
3. 7
5. 2

( !)
3 .0
2 .9

April 1968

A ll industries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )------Industrial nurses (m e n and w o m e n )----Skilled m ain ten an ce ( m e n ) ---------------Unskilled p lant ( m e n ) --------------------------

Percents of increase
April 1965
to
April 1966

April 1967
to
April 1968

Industry and occu p atio n al group




U nskilled plant (m en ):
Janitors, porters, and clean ers
Laborers, m ate ria l handling

Industrial nurses (m en and w om en):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes
(A pril 1 9 61= 100)

1

Skilled m ain ten an ce (m en ):
Carpe nters
E lectrician s
M achinists
M echanics
M ech an ics (a u to m o tiv e)
Painters
Pipefitters
T o ol and die makers

April 1960
to
A pril 1961

5
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e t o r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e of e a r n i n g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
l a t e s h i f t s . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s an d i n c l u d e m o s t of the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h i n
e a c h group.
L im itatio n s

C h a n g e s in t h e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w ages m a y h ave d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g esta b lish m e n ts
e n te r e d the a r e a o r e xp and ed t h e ir w o rk f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r i s e n co n sid e ra b ly b e ca u se h ig h er-p ay in g estab lish m en ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

of D a t a

T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f lu e n c e d b y :
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in t h e s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due t o c h a n g e s in t h e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .




T h e u s e of c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
of c h a n g e s in t h e p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h job i n ­
c l u d e d in th e d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not influenced by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e . W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in t h e s c o p e of the s u r v e y .

6
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st udi ed on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s t r y d i v is io n , C h a r l o t t e , N. C. , A p r i l 1968)
N um be r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e ek l y e a r n i n g s of—
Number
of
workers

$

$

$

$

$

$

weekly

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

( standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

$

1 -----150

130

135

140

145

13 5

140

145

150 over

6

5

6

2

5

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

2

-

-

1

2

4

3

4

1

5

55
U nd e r
and
$
un de r
55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

110

115

120

60

Se x, o cc up ati on , and in du str y division

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1 05

110

115

120

1?5

1

~

~

1

3

6

10

16

15

9

_

-

-

5
5

7
4

7
4

15
15

20
20

_

~

10
10

_

-

10
10

-

6
5

1
-

2
2

-

-

54

17

31

29

30

-

2

1

5
2

1
1

17
16

3
3

1

4

5

4

9

4

125

and

MEN
CLASS A —

95

4 0 .0

$
1 2 3 .0 0

$
118 .5 0

$
$
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

ACCOUNTING, CLASS R —
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

88
80

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

97 .0 0
97 .5 0

8 2 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
7 6 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

169

4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0

9 2 .0 0

8 4 .0 0 -

CLERKS*

ACCOUNTING,

CLERKS,

CLERKS,

ORDER ----------------------------------

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------t a b u l a t i n g - machine

99 .5 0

-

-

-

83 .0 0
83 .0 0

-

2
2

10
10

47
39

39 .0
39 .5

7 3 .5 0
73 .5 0

7 4 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

50

39 .5

1 2 1 .0 0

117 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

”

8
5

10

operators,

CLASS A --------------------------------------------t a b u l a t i n g - machine

6 5 .0 0 6 4 .0 0 -

-

2

5

operators,

27

3 9 .0

1 0 3 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

4

1

2

4

1

6

2

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

57
57
57

4 0 .5
4 0 .5
40 .5

9 4 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

97 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

_
-

-

-

1
1
1

8
8
8

4
4
4

6
6
6

16
16
16

19
19
19

1
1
1

_

-

2
2
2

_

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BIL LIN G
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

59
28
31

39.5
39 .0
39.5

8 4 .5 0
91 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

8 8 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
8 4.00

8 1 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 -

9 6 .0 0
99 .0 0
8 8.50

3
3

5
5

3
3
~

2
1
1

~

9
9

12
3
9

9
6
3

11
11
~

5
4
1

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------—
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

40
37

3 9 .5
39.5

77 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

7 8.0 0
7 9 .0 0

6 9 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 -

8 7.00
8 7 .5 0

_

_

“

~

5
5

6
3

6
6

6
6

6
6

5
5

6
6

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

62
48

3 9 .0
39 .5

9 8 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

9 8 .0 0
9 7.50

9 6 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 - 99 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

4
4

4
4

35
35

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

2
~

_

“

“

90 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

_

_
“

_
~

6
3
3

28
4
24

26
5
21

24
15
9

15
8
7

14
3
11

7

11

4

11

9 6 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

_
-

_
-

1
1

“

1
1

2
l
l
*

6
1
5
-

7
1
6
~

17
6
11
6

10
10
-

-

39
39

56
5
51

76
10
66

35
9
26

83
11
72

73
10
63

113
9
104

29
9
20

11
11

5
5

25
22

29
25

5
5

16
16

2

21
21
-

64
61
21

29
29
19

4
4
4

2
2
2

3
2
2

CLASS B --------------------------------------------TYPISTS,

CLASS B ---------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----------------

-

-

WOMEN

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

131
41
90

3 9.5
39.5
39 .5

82 .0 0
82 .0 0
82 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A - MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----------------

143
32
111
26

39 .0
38.0
3 9.5
39 .0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 4.50
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 9.50

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
108 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

551
67
484

3 9 .0
39 .0
39 .0

8 3 .5 0
84 .0 0
83 .5 0

84 .0 0
8 4.50
8 4 .0 0

7 3 .0 0 7 6 .0 0 7 2 .5 0 -

9 2.50
9 3 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

_

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

93
84

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 0.5 0
7 0 .0 0

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

6 6 .5 0 6 6 .0 0 -

75 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

_

CLERKS, F I L L , CLASS C ------------ —
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----------------

123
119
48

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 8 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

6 8 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

6 6 .0 0 6 5 .5 0 6 8 .0 0 -

71.50
7 1 .5 0
74 .0 0

S e e fo o t n o t e s




at end o f t a b l e .

7 5 .0 0 7 8 .5 0 7 4 .0 0 -

-

-

-

-

~
_

-

-

-

-

-

~

_

4
4

13
1

_

38
3
35
-

23
8
15
11

11
5
6
2

5
3
2
1

3
1
2
1

2
2
1

7
3
4
2

-

5
5
2

2
2
“

3
3

23
?
21

6
2
4

4
4

6
6

3
3

4
4

“

1
1

-

-

-

—

~

~

3

“

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C h a r l o t t e , N. C. , A p r i l 1968)
Weekly earnings1
( standard)

S ex , o cc up at io n, and i n d u st r y di vi si on

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$
U nde r

Middle range 2

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

14 0

145

1 ---150

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

14 5

150

over

11

8

12

26

2

6

6

8

2

6

2

6

6

23
21
2
-

30
13
17
1

9

40
27
13
2

29
16
13
6

7
5
2
-

14
8
6
5

4

9
3

6
1
5
4

5
4
1
-

13
13

6
6

11
11

17
17

13
13

7
7

10
10

35
28

31
25

39
32

22

27
27

40
12
28
12

24
2
22
10

17
3
14
14

$

$

$

I

£

£

60

£

$

$

$

$

$

$

I

I

I --------

and

CONTINUED

CLERKS, ORDER ---MANUFACTURING

105
45

39 .5
3 9 .0

$
78 .0 0
8 2.50

$
8 0 .5 0
82 .5 0

$
6 7 .0 0 7 4 .0 0 -

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3

196
101
95
28

3 9 .5
39 .5
3 9 .0
39 .0

9 0.00
87 .0 0
9 3.00
9 9 .0 0

88.00
88.00
88.50
9 4 .5 0

7 7 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0
7 6 .0 0 - 9 4 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 104.00
8 5 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING —

110

no

3 3 .0
3 8 .0

80.50
8 0.50

8 3.50
8 3.50

6 9 ,0 0 - 93 .0 0
6 9 . uO- 9 3 . 0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

180
157

39 .5
4 0 .0

9 0 .5 0
9 1.00

9 0 .5 0
91 .5 0

8 4 .0 0 8 4 .0 0 -

9 7 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

KFYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----------

220
48
172
80

3 9 .0
38.5
39 .0
3 9 .0

7 7 .5 0
77.50
7 7 .5 0
8 0.00

7 7 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 7.00
80 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 7 3 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 7 2 .0 0 -

84 .0 0
8 3.00
8 4 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

7
3
4
4

40
29

38 .0
3 8 .0

6 7 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

6 5 .0 0
64 .5 0

6 2 .5 0 6 2 .0 0 -

6 8 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

21
17

SECRETARIES4---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3

1,0 3 8
446
592
148

39 .0
38.5
3 9.5
39 .5

10 1 .5 0
106 .5 0
98 .0 0
108.00

1 00.50
105.50
9 5 .5 0
107 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —

59
31
28

39 .0
38.5
39.5

123.50
1 30.50
1 16.00

12 7 .0 0
13 2 .0 0
1 17.00

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 1 3 8.50
1 0 6 .5 0 129.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---PURLlC U T I L I T I E S 3

258
97
161
45

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9.5
39 .5

109.00
114.50
1 06.00
1 1 9.00

110.00
11 6 .0 0
106 .0 0
121.00

9 5 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

1 03.00
1 07.50

9 1 .0 0 1 0 0 .5 0 8 9 .0 0 1 0 1 .5 0 -

OFFICE GIRLS ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------

$
8 8 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

23
3
3
-

3
l
5
5

256
79
177
37

39 .0
3 8 .0
39.0
39.0

112.00

1 0 1.50
10 6 .0 0
98 .5 0
111.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3*

461
239
222
54

39 .0
38.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0

9 3 .5 0
99 .5 0
87 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

9 3.00
9 8 .5 0
87 .0 0
9 5.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3—

381
79
302
182

39.0
3 9 .0
39.0
39 .0

84 .0 0
8 1.00
85 .0 0

84.00
8 1 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

8 6 .0 0

88.00

7 4 .5 0 7 4 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 7 4 .5 0 -

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ■
NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3

146
124
37

39.0
39 .0
3 9.5

92 .0 0
9 3.50
10 1 .5 0

92 .0 0
94 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

65
55

40 .5
4 0 .5

75 .5 0
75.50

74 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 7 0 .5 0 -

CLASS B --------

a t end o f t a b l e .




10
2
8
2

9
9

30
30
9

57
14
43
19

14
7
5
5
-

29
l
28
-

40
13
27
8

1
1

-

1
1
59
7
52
8

86
30
56
-

1
1

1
1

103
37
66
14

22

1
1
1
-

1
-

7
4
3
-

-

4
2

1

_

4

-

2

-

-

-

1
_

1
-

-

4
-

2
2

1
-

4
4
3
2

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

81
59
22
8

62
27
35
9

47
16
31
8

39
12
27
19

25
16
9
5

35
27
8
4

18
9
9
5
3
3
-

-

5

1
4
4
1
1

134
53
81
9

97
38
59
12

103
51
52
22

102
53
49
25

6
6

1
1
-

5
1
4

-

2

6

-

-

2

6

5
4
1

10
7
3

8
5
3

9
7
2

3
2
1
-

9
8
1
-

1

2
2
-

-

1

5
3
2
-

15
2
13
-

17
4
13
1

29
5
24
-

15
5
10
-

20
4
16
4

30
11
19
10

22
12
10
4

36
18
18
3

22
10
12
6

19
5
14
10

5
3
2
1

11
8
3
2

7
7
-

113.00
1 1 3.50
1 1 2.50
127.00

8
8
1

19
3
16
-

24
6
18
1

26
4
22
1

31
6
25
4

41
19
22
8

22
9
13
3

23
18
5
4

11
7
4
2

17
17
2

10
10
7

3
3
2

3

52
25
27

78
43
35
8

45
27
1H
6

41
27
14
10

43
32
11
9

34
29
5

7
2
5
2

3
2
1

-

-

62
27
38
12

-

-

9
8
1
-

23
4
19
14

5

4

4

-

-

1

-

5
5

4
4

4
4

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
2

3
3
3

7
7
-

2
2
2

3
3
3

1
1
-

1
1
1

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

1

5

-

-

1
-

5

22
1
21

-

-

46
4
42
7

40
5
35
30

52
18
34
13

38
11
27
18

64
18
46
15

51
16
35
18

73
7
66
50

18
18

9
9
-

92 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

83 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

1

1
1
-

8 1 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 104.50
8 9 .5 0 114.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING —

10
1

16
16

1
1
-

8 4 .0 0 1 0 4.50
9 0 .5 0 10 9 .0 0
7 8 .5 0 - 95 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 104.00

1 0 1 .0 0

-

2
2

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 116.00
8 5 .5 0 109 .5 0
9 7 .5 0 123 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-

See footnotes

£

and
un de r

55

WOMEN -

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e we ek ly e a r n in g s of—

$
55

16
15
-

6
5
2

29
21
4

9
4
4

11
9
5

16
15

22
18
1

4
2

6
6

2
1

4
4

2
2

8
-

8
4

3
3

7
7

4
2

21
17

12
ll

6

f
i

-

-

3
1

4
-

2
2

4
4

-

10
6
4
1

-

-

6
5
1
-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

12
12

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d i v is io n , C h a r l o t t e , N. C. , A p r i l 1968)
Weekly earnings'
(standard)
Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e ek l y e a r n in g s of—

$

$

$

S

WOKEN -

weekly
hours1
( standard)

CONTINUED

L0 o5o
8 . 0

Me di an 2

Middle range 2

8 1 .5 0

$
8 2 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

$
7 5 .0 0 7 6 .0 0 7 4 .0 0 -

$

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 9.50
7 9 .0 0

7 9 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

7 3 .0 0 7 3 .0 0 -

37

38 .0

8 7 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

7 7 .0 0 -

$

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 5 .0 0
75 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 5 .5 0

74 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

7 0 .0 0 7 1 .5 0 6 8 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 -

81 .5 0
8 1.50
8 1 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

TRANSCRI BING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

136
114

CLASS A

75

$

80

$

85

$

90

95

$

100

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

10C

105

13
3
10

10
1
9

19
6
13

20
9
11

41

22

17
12
5

14
1
13

7

105

51
47

20
20

5
5

1
1

110

$

115

3
3

6

j

120

$

125

$

130

i

135

$

140

$

1

1
1

$

1

7

9 5 .0 0

184
52
132
42

39 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

70

145

150
and

8 5.00
8 4 .0 0

164
46
118

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

65

$

60

$
8 9 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
8 9.00

SWITCHBOARD GPERATDR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUF ACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

TYPISTS,

2
Me: i1

U nd e r
35
$
and
55
under
60

Sex , oc cu p at io n, and in d u st r y div isio n

8

6

33

16

32
23

22
13

4

2

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

over

1
1

3

6

1

5

10

38
4
34
3

6
6
5

2

110

56
29
27
16

24
2
22
2

42
15
27
12

5
2
3
-

9

2

9
2

2
2

1

1

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay for o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e we ek ly h o u r s .
2 T he m e a n is c o m p u te d fo r e a c h job by to tal ing the e a r n in g s of a ll w o r k e r s and dividing by the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
The m e d ia n d es ig na te s po si ti o n— ha lf of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the r a t e shown; ha lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown.
T he m id dl e r a n g e is defined by 2 r a t e s of pav; a fo ur th of the w o r k e r s e a r n le s s than the l o w e r of t h e s e r a t e s and a f o ur th e a r n m o r e than the
hi g he r r a t e .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r public u t i li t ie s .
4 M a y includ e w o r k e r s o th e r than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o ccu p ati o ns studied on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s tr y div is io n, C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r il 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

O c cu pa ti on and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
[ standard)

Num ber of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - ti m e we ekl y e a r n i n g s of*

Meai 12

Median 2

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

9 7
38

c

.

......... ■ ■
"

78
60

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

$
128 .00
119 .5 0

$

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0

9 6 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

4 0 .0

103 .5 0
102 . 5 0

102.00

9 6 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0

$
$
1 1 8 .5 0 -

2
2

1 4 0 .0 0

122.00

1 0 3 .5 0 -

1 3 5 .5 0

3

2
2

4
4

2
2

2
2

13

7
2

16

7

10

2

11
6

12

3

4

2

2

2
2

3

5

9
9

13
13

12
10

24
16

1
1

9
6

3
l

_

_
_

_

2

1 S t a n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r whi ch e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 F o r definition of t e r m s , se e footn ote 2, tab le A - l .




$

$

85

and
under

Middle range 2

85

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

$

$
80

salaries

_
_

( e x c lu s i v e of pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r

2

prem ium rates),

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , C h a r l o t t e , N. C. , A p r i l 1968)
Average

O c c u p a t io n and ir M us try di v is io n

O FFIC E 0CCUPA1

Average

O c cu p a t io n and i n d u st r y di vi si on

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

ONS

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

O c cu pa ti on and in d u st r y di v is io n

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

$
B I L L E R S , MACHINE (R IL LIN G
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------- ------ -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

61
30

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

$
8 5 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

31

3 9 .5

7 8 .5 0

40

3 9 .5

7 7 .0 0

37

3 9 .5

7 8 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

3 9 .5

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 2 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

80. 50
8 0 . 50

180

39. 5

157

4 0 .

0

90. 50
9 1 . 00

220

39. 0
38. 5

77. 50
77. 50

0
0

7 7 . 50
8 0 . 00

38. 5
38. 5

7 0 . 50
7 1 . 00

110
110

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------

48
172
80

38.
38.

39.
39.

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------

146
124
37

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

$
9 2 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

65
55

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

7 5 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTICNISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

164
46
118

4 0 .0

8 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

57
29

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

50
37
26

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

9 4 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------------

33

3 9 .0

9 3 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

136
114

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 9 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

7 5 .5 0

9 9 .0 0

131
41

0
0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING —

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS----------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

90

3 9 .5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-------------

238
46
192

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

43

3 9 .5

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

639

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 5 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

93
84

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

123
119

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 8 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

274
48

4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

,0 3 8
446

39.

0 101.

50
1 0 6 . 50

8 5 .0 0

75
564

SECRETARIES
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------

87

68

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING —

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

48

226

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

200
102

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

98

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

31

112.00

592
148

38. 5
39. 5
39. 5

98.
108.

00
00

1 0 7 .0 0

88.00

39. 0
38. 5
39. 5

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------

59

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING -----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -

258
97
161

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING -----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2—

256
79

39.
38.

177
37

39.
39.

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

461
239

39. 0
38. 5
39. 5

31
28

45

3
3
3
3

9
8
9
9

. 0
. 5
. 5
. 5

1 2 3 . 50
1 3 0 . 50
1 1 6 . 00
1 09.

00

114. 50
1 0 6 . 00
119.

00
TYPISTS,

222

0 1 0 3 . 00
0 107. 50
0 1 0 1 . 00
0 1 1 2 . 00

54

4 0 .

0

382
79

34.

0

9 3 . 50
99. 50
8 7 . 00
9 4 . , 00

9 1 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING -----PURLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

303
183

3 9 . ,0
39. 0
3 9 . ,0

8 4 . ,00
8 1 . ,00
8 5 . ,00
8 6 .,00

:lu s iv e of pay fo
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r public ut il it ie s.
3 M a y in cl ud e w o r k e r s o t h e r than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




CLASS A --------------------------------------

37

3 8 .0

8 7 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

241

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 9 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

189
99

4 0 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

98
39

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 8 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

78

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

52

4 0 .0

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

60

120.00

and the ear ni ng s

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st udi ed on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , C h a r l o t t e N . C . , A p r i l 1968)
Hourly earnings

1

N um be r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$
$
1. 80 1 .9 0

$
2 . 00

$
2 .1 0

$
2 . 20

$
2 .3 0

$
2. 40

$
2.5 0

$
2.6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
:3 . 3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .60

$
3 .7 0

$
3 .8 0

1 .7 0

workers

Me a n 2

M edian

2

Middle range

2

$
2 .7 3

$
2 .4 8 -

1 .8 0

1. 90

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 . 30

2 .4 0

2 . 50

2.60

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

■.40
3

3 .50

3 .6 0

3 .70

3 .8 0

over

~

“

1

~

“

4

2

3

1

7

2

9

3

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

3
3

8
8

6
6

-

6
3

_

-

2
2

_

-

1
1

_

-

2
2

_

7
7
“

9
9
-

9
6
3
“

16
10
6
6

15
1
14
14

6
5
1
1

6
1
5
5

and
un der

$
2 .8 9

MAINTENANCE -----------------------

36

$
2 .6 9

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

38
35

2.8 6
2 .8 4

2 .81
2 .7 9

2 .6 6 2 .6 3 -

3 .0 7
3 .0 7

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

116
39
77
66

2.5 1
1.9 5
2 .8 0
2 .8 0

2 .2 4
1.97
3 .2 2
3.3 0

2 .0 3 1 .8 3 2 .1 8 2 .1 8 -

3 .3 2
2 .0 8
3 .3 5
3 .3 5

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

44
44

3.0 2
3.02

2 .8 7
2 .8 7

2 .7 4 2 .7 4 -

3 .3 3
3 .3 3

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

414
47
367
340

3 .2 3
2 .6 3
3 .3 0
3 .3 5

3 .5 1
2 .6 9
3 .5 5
3 .5 6

2 .8 2 2 .4 5 2 .9 7 3 .0 2 -

3 .6 3
2 .9 2
3.6 4
3 .6 5

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

161
139

2 .9 0
2 .8 8

2 .8 9
2 .8 9

2 .5 7 2 .5 5 -

3 .0 9
3 .1 0

o
o

Oc cu p at io n and in d u s tr y div ision

$
1.70

$
1 .6 0

Number

CARPENTERS,

1
2
3

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
F o r def inition of t e r m s , s e e fo otnote 2, tab le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r public u ti li t ie s .

1

-

-

1

“

_

_

-

-

4
4

2
2

1
1

-

_

2

_

-

-

-

-

2
-

“

1

-

-

and la te

_

2

_

3

_

_

_

5

34

_

-

-

_

*

2
2

-

3

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

34
34

-

~

-

-

5
5

3
3

13
13

_

4
4

1
1

1
1

6
6

4

-

4

~

4

_

_
-

8
6
2
“

4
-

4
2

10
3
7
4

14
6
8
4

31
5
26
22

11

-

7
7

21
10
IL
11

12
1
11
11

26
6
20
20

25
2
23
20

16
4
12
12

8
8
8

-

-

7
7

4
4

9
9

20
20

4
4

12
12

18

14
14

28
22

7
7

2
~

6
6

~

h o li d a y s,

4
4

5
5

-

-

~

4

8

'

3

6

-

-

6
5
4
4

12
9

~

2
2

126

75
72

_

-

—

-

3

-

75

-

-

126
126
-

16
16
16

13
13

*

sh if ts.

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a ti o n s studied on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s tr y di v is io n, C h a r l o t t e , N .C ., A p r il 1968)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of —

Hourly eai•nings2

Und er
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

%

1 .6 0

325
93

$
1 .9 0
1.65

$
1 .67
1.6 7

$
$
1 .6 4 - 1.9 5
1 .6 4 - 1.72

--------------------------------------------------

84

1.65

1 .6 7

1 .6 3 -

1.72

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMAN'JFACTURING-------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------------

1,2 7 4
392
882
71

1.7 7
1 .71
1 •8 0
1 .75

1 .69
1 .68
1 .70
1.71

1 .6 4 1 .6 4 1 .6 4 1 .6 5 -

1.88
1 .7 9
1.9 7
1 .8 8

GUARDS AND k ATCHMEN ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING

S e e f o o t n o t e s at end of t a b le .




~

$
1.7 0

$

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2.3 0

$
2.4 0

S
2 .5 0

$
2.6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$

$

$

$

$

$

1 .8 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3.7 0

1.7 0

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and i n d u s tr y div isio n

Number
of
workers

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2.4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .00

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .50

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

218
66

21
21

4
4

3
2

3

-

-

-

12

16

24

4

8

8

4

-

-

-

-

78
8
70
5

69
30

10
4

1

40

39

18

-

$
1.6 0
and
un de r

61
43
43
'

17

4

2

651
245
406
35

151
58
93
8

132
31
10 1
14

42
16
26
5

4

“

18

-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s stu di ed on a n a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , C h a r l o t t e , N . C ., A p r i l 1968)
i-

Hourly ea rnings 2

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in d u s tr y di v is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e :r of w o r k e r s

Under
Mean 3

Median 3

Middle range 3

$
1 .6 0

$

63

$
1 .6 4
1 .6 4

136

1 .6 4

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------------

1 ,4 6 2

2 .3 0

434
1 ,0 2 8

1 .8 2
2 .5 1

723

2 .7 7

ORDER
F I LL ER S -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

491
65
426

2.02

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

140

1 .7 9

90

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

162
132

199

straig h t-tim e

2 ., 2 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

%
3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

2

,. 3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 . 70

3 .8 0

141
46

7

16

122

145

124

_

1

_

_

_

_

5
4

16
16

122
120

145

1

-

-

-

-

120

124
124

-

-

-

-

-

_

23

19

23

19

_

_

_

_

6

_

_

_

-

-

$

$

$

2 .. 0 0

2.10

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2.00

2 ,. 1 0

2.20

1.66

$
1 .6 3 -

$
1 .6 9

1

1 .6 5

1 .6 3 -

1 .6 8

-

1.66

1 .6 3 -

1 .6 9

-

-

2 .3 0

1 .7 3 -

2 .7 6

1 .7 2

1 .6 5 -

2 .6 5
2 .7 5

1 .8 7 -

2

12

9

1

112

12

9

-

2

-

292

231

35

21

-

200

89

21

2 .8 4

-

92

142

34

14

4

50

2 .5 9 -

2 .9 0

-

24

20

2

4

14
7
4

38
34

61

2 .0 0

51
17

2

48

95
58

1 .9 6
1 .8 3
1 .9 8

1 .7 6 1 . 68-

2 .4 2
2 .0 6

_

82

67

46

77

3
-

3
-

13

1 .7 8 -

2 .5 1

1 .6 7 -

1 .8 3

1 .7 5

1 .7 4
1 .7 1

1 .6 5 -

1 .7 9

1 .8 7

1 .8 2

1 .6 5 -

1 .8 7

1 .7 7

1 .8 1

1 . 66-

1 .9 0
2 .0 4

175
63

11

21

11

71
3

10

8

17
-

12

70
-

61

56

68

36

69

17

3

3

l

70

47
27

16
4

5

_

_

-

-

2
2

2
2

10

58

72

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

14

1.86

-

58

2
2

_

_

1

-

-

-

5
5

3
-

5
-

1

-

3

_

9
9

7
5

8
4

3
3

_

2 .2 9
2 .4 7
1 .9 9

14
-

2
2

21

30

-

6

-

-

12

-

5

3
3

-

5
5

-

14

“

21

18

1

~

2

~

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

90
54

2 .3 8
2 .4 9

2 .4 0
2 .4 8

2 .0 8 2 .1 9 -

2.8 8

_

14

_

_

“

-

7
7

18
4

2
2

1
1

14
14

2
2

_

2 .8 9

3
3

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

72
36

2 .3 5
2 .2 9

2 .2 8
2 .2 3

2 .1 8 2 .1 2 -

2 .6 2
2 .6 4

_

_

2

_

8
8

_

10
8

21
8

_

2
2

9
~

15
5

TRUCKDRIVFRS5 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------------------

1 ,7 0 1
178
1 ,5 2 3

2 .6 3
1 .9 9
2 .7 1

2 .6 9

3 .3 9
2 .1 8
3 .7 1

_

36
18
18

82
3
79

19

19

2 .9 0

1 .8 7 1 .7 2 1 .8 9 -

902

3 .0 6

3 .3 3

2 .8 2 -

3 .7 5

~

20

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (F ORK LIF T) --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

2 .1 5
2 .1 9

821
38

2 .6 3
1 .9 7

2 .8 3
1 .8 7

1 .9 2 1 .6 7 -

2 .9 9
2 .3 4

783

2.66

2.86

607

2 .8 1

2 .9 3

1 .9 4 1 .9 9 -

2 .9 9
3 .7 2

-

-

-

131

155

113

-

186
42
144

18
113

105

~

51

“

13
142
48

73
38
35

68

12

-

_

94

16

~

88

16

_
-

9
9

14

10

9
9

74
-

14
-

11
2

58

14

2

10

65

74

14

9

56

4

“

40

68

12

~

20

4

16

13
-

3 .3 7

2 .6 4 -

3 .7 5

_

_

2 .1 2
3 .7 6

-

-

12

8
8

16

1 .9 9 3 .2 6 -

9
-

37

2 .0 5

4

9

-

34
3

16
-

21
21

5
5

-

-

-

8
8

12

88

30

9

4

~

47
41

2 7
3

3

8

6

6

3 .6 6

3 .7 1 1 .6 8 -

3 .7 3

_

2.02

1 .7 4

1 .6 5 -

2 .5 4

-

361

2 .4 9

2 .1 9

1 .8 8 -

3 .7 1

-

164
197

2.02

1 .9 9

1 . 86-

2.21

-

2 .7 8

1 .9 2 -

_

_

_

1
1

_

3 .7 5

~

_

12
12

_
15
3

12
12

-

_

_

-

sh ifts.

_

2

-

-

-

-

“

2

_

_

2

_

-

-

-

-

23

2

87

175

32

31

43

57

_

_

_

420

1

23

?

87

32

31

43

57

-

-

-

~

~

~

55

175
168

420
420

7

_

7

“

18

1
1

1
1

44

31
~

_

31

_

_

“

_

12

2

65

172

1

13

1

_

-

12

2

13

1

-

“

~

172
168

1

~

65
55

~

~

~

4

2

_

4

_

21

3

.

18

42

57

13

4
-

-

-

4

-

21

3

-

18

42

57
44

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

l

~

~

18
18

36

36

20

-

4
16

~

14

“

5

~

~

_

_

.

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

“

5

35

6
6

14

30

_
“

~

“

~

_

-

1

_

_

-

-

“

-

180
180
180

218

2

3 .7 7

2 .5 4

17
5

“

70
5

1

3 .4 0

2 .5 9

L

48

3 .1 8

67
45

15
4
4

47

2.02

262

~

56
48

76
392

3 .7 1
3 .7 4

10
10

2

71
15

Dat a l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o th e r w i s e indicated.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on we ek en d s, h o li d a y s, and la te
F o r defin it io n of t e r m s , s e e foot no te 2, tab le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r public ut il it ie s.
I nc lu de s a ll d r i v e r s , a s def ined , r e g a r d l e s s of si ze and type of t r u c k o p e r a te d .




32
24

8

468

2 .8 9

_

*

5
5

-

1 .8 4 1 .9 5 1 .8 1 -

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 —1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 T O N S ) -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------------------

177
177

72

1 .9 5
2 .1 6
1 .9 0

1 .6 6 1 .6 6 -

-

5

_

2.11

1 .8 1
1 .8 0

_
-

-

2 .2 3
2 .0 5

1 .9 7
1 .9 8

_
-

o

5

6
6

_

~

54
44

-

33
67

2.02

177

2

100

225
206

of—

$
2 .5 0

$
1 .9 0

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

TRUCKDRIVF RS, LIGHT (UNDER
t - 1 / 2 TONS) -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

hourly earnings

$
2 .4 0

$
1 .8 0

and
under

$
1 .6 0

1 .7 0

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — --------------------------

receiv in g

$
2 .3 0

$
1 .7 0

_

-

_

_

~

-

218
218

22

97
~

-

97

12
B.

Establishm ent P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

( D i s t r i b u t i o n of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
of i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r i l 19 68 )
2
O ther inexpe r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 1

I n e x p e rie n c e d typists

A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

Nonm anufacturing

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 of—

A ll
in d u stries

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 of—

A ll
indu stries

M anufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

M anufacturing
M inim um weekly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 1

A ll
schedules

40

40

A ll
schedule s

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d _______________________________________

14 0

57

XXX

83

XXX

140

57

XXX

83

X XX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ----- ---------------------

26

5

4

21

15

55

16

13

39

31

-

-

-

1
13
2
4
2
1
1
1
1

3
1
1
-

2
1
1
"

1
10
1
4
1
1
1
1
1

9
1
3

1
1
27
10
6
2
2
4
2

8
4
1
1
1
1
“

6
3
1
1
1
1
-

1
1
19
6
5
1
1
3
2

17
5
4
1
2
2

_ -----

13

5

XXX

8

XXX

21

13

XXX

8

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h did no t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in th i s c a t e g o r y ____________________________________________________

101

47

XXX

54

XXX

64

28

XXX

36

XXX

Under
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 72.50
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0

$ 6 0 . 0 0 ____ _________________________________________________
and u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 _ _ _ --------- ------------------------------------an d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ------------------------------------------------an d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 _____________________
____________
and u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 _ _ ___________________ ____________
an d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 __________ __ ______________________
and u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 _______________________________________
and u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 __
__________ ____________________
and u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 ______
_____
____________
and o v e r ______________ __ _ _ _ ---------------------------------

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m --------

1
2
3

-

1
1

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g (h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e paid f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a nd f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




standard w o rk w eek s.




13

Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t of d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
C h a rlo tte , N . C . , A p ril 1968)
P e r c e n t of m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s —

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d if fe r e n tia l

S eco n d s h ift
w ork

T h ird o r o th e r
sh ift w o rk

72. 3

52. 5

W ith sh ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l ----------------------------------------------------

40. 5

U n if o r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) ______________________

34. 6
10.
3.
2.
2.
10.

5
6
7
9

c e n t s _______________________________________
c e n t s ___________________ ____________________
c e n t s _______________________________________
c e n t s _______________________________________

If) r p n t s

..

........

11 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 13V3 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------14 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------15 c e n t s __________ ____________________________
2 0 c e n t s _____________________________________________________
2 lV 3 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------U n ifo rm p e r c e n t a g e -----------------------------------------------------IV2

p e r c e n t __________________________________

2 pfirrpnt
3
4
7

9

_

_

p e r c e n t _____________________________________
p e r c e n t _____________________________________
p e r c e n t _____________________________________
p e r c e n t -------------------------------- ---------------------

W ith no s h ift p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------------------

A c tu a lly wo rk in g on—

S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

6. 5

42. 6

8. 8

5. 4

36. 6

7. 6

5. 3

14. 1
1 .0

0
3
6
0
1

17. 2

1. 1
1 .2
. 6
. 4
2. 6

3. 1
.2

-

.9
6. 5
2. 0

-

1. 5
1 .9
3. 2

-

.

-

.

7
.6
. 3

3
3

-

.

-

-

-

8. 8
1 .9
1 .5

6. 0

6. 0

1 .3

2. 6

-

. 2

-

-

. 1

-

-

.9

. 7
.6
. 2

-

. 1

-

2. 6

-

. 1

-

.9
-

-

-

1 .0

-

2 .4

2. 4

-

10. 0

31.8

1
Includes e sta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g late
e v e n t h o u g h t h e y w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .

shifts,

and e sta b lis h m e n ts

-

-

8.4

1. 0

w ith f o r m a l

provisions

covering

late

shifts

14

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n of plant and office w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by scheduled w eek ly h o u rs 1
of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C h a rlo tte , N .C ., A p ril 1968)
Plant w o rk e rs

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

W eekly hou rs
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1
2

A ll w o r k e r s

_

___

U n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s ____________ _______________________
37 V h o u r s ______________________________________________
2
O v e r 3 7 V2 and u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s _____________________
40 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 and u n d e r 4 5 h o u r s ________________________
45 h o u r s ________________________________________________
4 7 V h o u r s _____________________________________________
z
48 h o u r s _____ ___ ____ _____________________________ ____
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s __________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

M anufacturing

100

100

Public u t i l i t i e s 3

100

3
4

3

-

-

-

-

79
4
3
1
3
3

85
2
1
2
4
3

80
6
9
5

All i n d u s t r i e s 4

M anufacturing

100

10 0

10 0

5
21
9
64
1

2
38
9
50

28
72

( 5)
-

-

1
-

Scheduled h o u rs a r e the w eek ly h o u rs w hich a m a jo r ity of the fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s w e re e x p e c te d to w o rk , w h eth er they w e re paid fo r at s tr a i g h t - ti m e o r o v e r tim e r a t e s .
In clu des data fo r w h o le sa le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s ta t e , and s e r v i c e s , in ad dition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r public u tilitie s .
In clu d es d ata fo r w h o le sa le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in ad dition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te l y .
L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.




Public u t i l i t i e s 3

( 5)
-

15

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n of p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l i d a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a l l y , C h a r l o t t e , N. C . , A p r i l 1 9 6 8 )

P la n t w o rk e rs
Ite m

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts provid in g
paid h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p rovid in g
no paid h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------

All in d u strie s 1

M an u factu rin g

O ffice w o rk e rs
P ub lic u t i l i t i e s 1
2

All in d u s trie s 3

M an ufacturing

Public u tilitie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

84

78

99

99

98

100

16

22

11
5
26

20
7
15
1
13

1

1

2

3
1
35

5
4
14
2
31
18
1

N u m b er of days
L e s s than 4 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------4 h o lid ay s
______________________________________
5 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------5 h o lid ay s plus 1 h alf d av------------------------------------5 h olid ays plus 2 h alf d a y s ---------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------7 h olid ays plus 2 half d a y s ---------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------9 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
1 0 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
1 0 h olid ays plus 1 h alf d a y ______________________

(4)

1
15
13
( 4)
10
-

j

9

1
10

1

1

1

-

5

(4 )
4

38
35
18

1
26
20
(4 )
7

-

4

-

(4 )
2

2

9
1
2

-

7
4

28
58
4
-

T o ta l holid ay tim e 5
d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------10 d ays o r m o r e __________________________________
9 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
8 d ays o r m o r e ___________________________________
7 d ays o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------6 d ays o r m o r e ___________________________________
5 V 2 d ays o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------5 d ays o r m o r e ___________________________________
4 d ay s o r m o r e ___________________________________
3 d ay s o r m o r e ___________________________________
2 d ay s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------1 day o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------IO V 2

1
2
3
4
5
no half

1

2

-

2

9

2

3

-

2

10

2

3

-

6

11

-

11

14

13

23

40

36

94

60

21
39
71

4

24

18
53

41

37

94

60

73

93

67
72

52

99

95

88

58
68
74
78

99

96

92

99
99
99

98
98
99

93

100
100
100
100
100

79
82
84

33

94

98

-

62
93

In clu d es d ata fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta i l tra d e , re a l e s ta t e , and s e , i c e s , in ad d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sf a i a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r public u tilitie s .
In clu d es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta i l tra d e ; fin an ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in ad dition to th o se inc3 >Lry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s th an 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.
A ll co m b in a tio n s of full and half days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e com b in ed ; fo r e x a m p le , the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g a to ta l of 9 days in clu d es th o se with 9 full days and
d a y s , 8 full d ays and 2 half d a y s , 7 full days and 4 h alf d a y s , and so on.
P ro p o rtio n s then w e re cu m u la te d .




16

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n of plant and o ffice w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , C h a r lo tte , N .C ., A p ril 1968)
O f f ic e w o r k e r s

P lant w o rk e rs
V acation p olicy
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________________

M anufacturing

Public u ti lit ie s 3

All i n d u s t r i e s 4

M anufacturing

Public u t i l i t i e s 3

100

10 0

1 00

100

1 00

100

93
73
17
3

93
55
33
5

100
10 0
-

100
99
(5)
( 5)

10 0
97
2
1

1 00
1 00
-

7

7

M e t h o d of p a y m e n t

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
paid v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ________________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ______________________________
O t h e r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no paid v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________

“

"

36
2

A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y 6
A f t e r 6 m o n t h s of s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________ __________ ___________ _____
______________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2* and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
___________________

13
19
1
( 5)
-

20
14
1
-

_
43
2

4
41
2
5

6
46
10
7

-

■

4

"

“

-

( 5)
39
2
54
4

1
33
66
-

85
15
”

( 5)
20
1
75
4

( 5)
22
1
76
-

22
2
75

( 5)
7
1

( 5)
15
2

A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e
Under 1 week
__________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________ ________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s __________ ________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________

1
74
2
17

2
72
2
16

“

-

69
31
-

( 5)
56
5
32

1
62
7
23
-

46
1
53
-

A f t e r 2 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________

-

_

A f t e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 weeks
_
_ _
_ _______________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________

( 5)
37
5
50

~

1
55
10
27
-

5
1
94

87

83

4
2
93

-

5

“

-

1
53
10
29

-

( 5)
7

1
94

1
88

( 5)
15
2
83

-

5

A f t e r 4 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s
____ _
____
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________

See footn otes at end of ta b le .




( 5)
36
5

52

5

4
2
93

17

Table B-5.

Paid V acations1 Continued
----

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a nd o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a nd in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n pa y
p r o v i s i o n s , C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r i l 19 68 )
Of f ic e w o r k e r s

Plant w o rk e rs
V a ca tio n policy

All i n d u s t r i e s 2

M anufacturing

Public u tilitie s3

19
1
69
1
4

29
1
58
2
2

3
1
96
-

16
1
46
2
27
2

26
1
44
4
16
2

3
48
49
-

16
1
40
2
33
2

All i n d u s t r i e s 4

M anufacturing

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y 6---- C o n ti n u e d

A f t e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
_____ _____ ___
2 w e e k s ________________________________
O v er 2 and und er 3 w e e k s
............ .
3 weeks
..........

A fter

1
2
97
-

8
47
3
42
1

1
63
35
-

“

2
51
1
37
5
5

26
1
41
4
19
2

3
22
75
“

2
42
1
46
5
5

8
45
3
43
1

1
24
75
-

16
1
33
1
37

26
1
37

3
10

-

-

-

6

4

27

2
34
2
47
4
11

8
30
60
3

1
15
78
6

16
1
31
24
20

26
1
35
20
9
2

3
10
25
62
-

2
30
30
28
4
5

8
27
44
21

1
15
38
46
-

■

“

“

12 y e a r s of s e r v i c e

1 week
_
.. ................ .
._ ..................
O v e r 1 a nd u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 weeks
...
..............
.
. ....
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w eek s
3 weeks
...... . _ ............ . ...
._ ._
O v e r 3 a nd u n d e r 4 w e e k s
4 weeks

A fter

8
91
1

3

10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e

1 week
. ...... _
O v e r 1 a nd un de r 2 w e e k s
___
............................... _
_ _ _ _
2 weeks
O v e r 2 a nd u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____________ ____________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________________
A fter

( 5)
87
4
6

“

15 y e a r s of s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____ ____________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________ _______
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________
_______________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____________ ____________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________________

-

-

25

60

A f t e r 2 0 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a nd u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
3 weeks
.
.
.
.
_
. _
4 w e e k s ..
.......... _ _
.
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks
5 w e e k s __________________________________________________

See fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le




-

2

1

18

Table B-5.

Paid V acations1 Continued
----

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n of p l a n t a nd o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r i l 1 9 68 )
Plant w orkers

O ffice w o r k e r s

V ac atio n policy
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1
2

M anufactu ring

Public u t ilit ie s 3

16
1
31
21
1
20
4

26
1
35
18
2
6
6

3
10
17
70
-

16
1
31
21
1
20

26
1
35
18
2
6

3
10
17

-

-

-

2
1

4
2

-

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M anufactu ring

Pu blic u t ilit ie s 3

2
30
18
1
38
4
7

8
_
27
30
3
25

1
_
15
11

2
30
18
1
38
4
7

8
_
27
30
3
25

A m o u n t of v a c a t i o n p a y 6---- C o n t i n u e d

A f t e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _____ ____________ _________ ____________ _____ — O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 weeks
_____ ___________________________
3 weeks
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s
4 weeks
O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s
5 weeks

“

-

-

73
-

8

-

M axim u m vacation available 7
1 w e e k . _ _ __ __________________________ ___________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __ ____________________
2 w e e k s ____ __
____ ______________ __________ —
_ _ ____ ______ ________________
3 w e e k s ______ _
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s
4 weeks
_________
__ _________
_
O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------__ —
5 w e e k s _____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_. ___ __ —
_
6 w e e k s ________________________________________________

-

70

( 5)

1
15
11
-

73

-

-

7
1

_

------------------------------------------------- i
1 I n c l u d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly .
E x c l u d e s p l a n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s an d t h o s e p l a n s w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w i t h
serv ice.
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t he s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r t h a n " l e n g t h of t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u i v a l e n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a
of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k ' s p a y .
P e r i o d s of s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and do no t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the in di vi d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r
in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e i n c l u d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a nd 10 y e a r s .
E s t im a te s are cum ulative.
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3
a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s of s e r v i c e .
7 E s t i m a t e s of p r o v i s i o n s f o r 30 y e a r s of s e r v i c e a r e i d e n t i c a l .




qualifying

length s

of

p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t
e x a m p l e , th e c h a n g e s
weeks' pay or m o re

19

Table B - 6 .

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

( P e r c e n t of p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a nd in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h ealth, in s u ra n ce , o r pension b en efits, 1 C h a rlo tte , N .C ., A p ril 1968)
Plant w o rk ers

Of f ic e w o r k e r s

T y p e of b e n e f i t
All i n d u s t r i e s 1
2

M anufacturing

Pu b l i c ut i li t i e s 3

All i n d u s t r i e s 4

M anufacturing

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

10 0

100

10 0

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e _____________________________________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h an d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e __________________________________________
S ic k n e ss and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 5 _____________________________

84

89

84

98

97

98

56

61

71

60

67

80

60

53

94

88

74

93

S i c k n e s s a nd a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ___________
S i c k l e a v e (f ul l p a y a n d no
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) _______________________________
Sick leav e (p artial pay or
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) _______________________________

41

47

53

36

32

29

16

10

34

56

48

44

8

-

30

11

-

37

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _______________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n _______________________________
No h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p l a n -----------

89
89
59
49
56
7

94
94
61
49
46
4

100
100
65
74
96

98
98
79
82
88
1

99
99
70
67
74
1

10 0
10 0
79
76
89

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h a t l e a s t a p a r t of the c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a nd r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
Sick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w hichdefinitely esta b lis h
at le a s t
t h e m i n i m u m n u m b e r of d a y s ' p a y th a n c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on a n i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .




20

Table B-7.

Premium Pay for Overtime Work

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s by o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C h a r l o t t e , N. C . , A p r i l 1968 )
P lant w o rk e rs

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

P r e m i u m pay p olicy
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________

M anufacturing

Public u ti lit ie s 1
2

All i n d u s t r i e s 3

M anufacturing

Public u t i l i t i e s 2

10 0

100

1 00

10 0

100

100

43

54

75

28

33

71

43

54

75

28

33

71

1
41

1
51

-

6
22

-

D aily o v e r ti m e at p r e m iu m r a t e s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v i s io n s for d aily o v e r t i m e pay 4
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s ---------------------------------------------------T i m e an d o n e - h a l f _______________________________
E ffective after:
7 V2 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------8 h o u r s ______________________________________
9 h o u r s ______________________________________
9 V2 h o u r s ___________________________________

33
-

27
44
1

-

-

2

71
2
1

46

25

95

100

10 0

96

100

100

95

100

10 0

96

10 0

100

1
93
1

1
99
-

-

8
88

10
90

27
73
-

(5 )
1

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no
p r o v i s i o n s f o r d a i l y o v e r t i m e pa y
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s 6 ________________________________

-

(5)

29

W eekly o v e r tim e at p r e m iu m r a te s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
p rovision s for weekly o v e r tim e p a y 4
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s __________________________________
T i m e a n d o n e - h a l f : ----------------------------------------------Effective after:
3 7 V2 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------4 0 h o u r s ____________________________________
O v e r 4 0 h o u r s ____________________________

10 0
-

( 5)

-

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no
p r o v i s io n s fo r w eek ly o v e r t i m e pay
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s 6 -------------------------------------------------

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r pu bl ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a nd s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 I n c l u d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c o v e r e d by l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u i r e m e n t s r e g a r d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e , e v e n th o ug h s u c h w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y do not w o r k o v e r t i m e .
G raduated
p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r e m i u m p a y a r e c l a s s i f i e d u n d e r th e f i r s t e f f e c t i v e p r e m i u m r a t e .
F o r e x a m p l e , a p la n c a l l i n g f o r t i m e a nd o n e - h a l f a f t e r 8 an d d o u b le t i m e a f t e r 10 h o u r s w o ul d be c o n s i d e r e d
as tim e and o n e-h alf after 8 h o u rs.
S i m i l a r l y , a p la n c a l l i n g f o r no p a y o r p a y a t a r e g u l a r r a t e a f t e r 3 5 h o u r s a n d t i m e a nd o n e - h a l f a f t e r 4 0 h o u r s w o u ld be c o n s i d e r e d a s t i m e a n d o n e - h a l f
after 40 h o u rs.
5 L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e x e m p t f r o m l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u i r e m e n t s r e g a r d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d w h e r e , a s a m a t t e r of p o l i c y , o v e r t i m e is no t w o r k e d .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A, Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material.
May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
cl eiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material.
May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com ­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,0 0 0 but
fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

24

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate - wi de functional activity (e .g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e t c .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment ( e . g . , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 but fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e. g . , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e t c . ; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and louting incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5 ,0 0 0 persons.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full­
time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for ca lls.)

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit ( e . g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from writ­
ten copy.




Class B. Operates a single?- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited’' telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)

25

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker* s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well establiriied. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

26

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN— Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations.
May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation. )
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and canying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M A I N T E N A N C E A ND P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




27

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
Involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade*. In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

28

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the woik of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

29

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance woik from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D I A L AND M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T

GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper, warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

30

ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truck drivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity. )
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ------T he eighth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r accountants, auditors,
attor ney s, che mists , e n g i n e e r s , en g in ee r in g technicians, d ra ft sm en ,
t r a c e r s , job analysts, d i r e c t o r s o f pe rs o n ne l, m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , buyers, and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S Bulletin 1585, National S urvey o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e ch n i ca l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1967.
F i f t y cents
a copy.




A re a W age Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b elo w . A d i r e c t o r y i n d ica tin g d a t e s of e a r l i e r s t u d i e s , and the p r i c e s of the b ulle tins is
a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e ri n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f ic e , W a s h in g to n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2
o r f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f ic e s shown on the i n sid e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u l le t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e

A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 7 1_________________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , A p r . 1967 ___________
S
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1_____________________
A lle n to w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
N.
F e b . 19 67 __________________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 967 -----------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , O c t . 1 9 6 7 _______________________________
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1967 ____
O
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
B o i s e C i t y , Id a h o, J u l y 1 9 6 7 -------------------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 7 1------ ------------- -------------------------

1530-86,
1530-62,
1575-58,

25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1530-53,
1 5 3 0 - 7 1,
1 5 7 5 - 1 8,
1530-74,
1575-59,
1575-3,
1 5 7 5 - 1 3,

25
25
25
20
30
20
30

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents

B u f f a lo , N . Y . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 __________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
C a n to n , Ohio, A p r . 1 967 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 7 ---------------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1______________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , A u g . 1 9 6 7 -------------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 7 1 ________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O hio— y .—I n d . , M a r . 1967 __________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O hio , S e p t. 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1 9 6 7 _______________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1 9 6 7 __________________________________

1575-41,
1575-48,
1530-58,
1530-61,
1575-57,
1575-7,
1530-73,
1530-56,
1575-14,
1575-23,
1575-20,

30
20
20
20
30
25
30
25
25
25
25

R
111.,
D a v e n p o r t — o c k Is la n d —M o l i n e , Iowa—
O c t . 1 9 6 7 ___________________________________________________
D a y t o n , Ohio, J a n . 1 9 6 8 1-------------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 1_________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Io w a, F e b . 1 9 6 8 1___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N ov. 1 967_____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 6 7 --------------------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , Ju n e 1 9 6 7 ________________________________
In d ia n a p o l is , In d., D e c . 1 9 6 7 1___________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 1______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , N ov. 1 9 6 7 1___________________
H
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , Ju n e 1967 -------------L i t t l e R o ck — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 7 ---------N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m — a nta A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1967 1 ____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . - I n d . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 _________________________
L u b b o ck , T e x . , Ju n e 1 9 6 7 -----------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 6 7 -------------------------------------------M e m p h is , T e n n . - A r k . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1---------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 1--------------------------------------------------Midland and O d e s s a , T e x . , Ju n e 1967 ----------------------------

D ata on
 e s ta b lis h m e n t


A rea

B u l le t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e

M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1967 1-------------------------------------------M i n n e a p o l is —
St. P a u l , M inn., J a n . 1 9 6 8 _________________
M u sk e g o n —M u sk e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M ay 1 9 6 7 ________
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b . 196 8 1_____________
N ew H a v e n , C o n n ., J a n . 1 9 6 8 1------------------------------------------New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 967 1---------------------------------------------N o r fo l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N ew s—
P
H a m p to n , V a . , Ju n e 196 7 1_______________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 6 7 _________________________

1530-76,
1575-47,
1530-72,
1575-54,
1575-34,
1575-46,
1530-83,

30
30
20
35
25
30
40

1530-82,
1575-4,

25 c e n ts
20 c e n t s

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

O m a h a , N e b r .— w a , O c t. 1 9 6 7 1_________________________
Io
P a t e r son— lif to n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M ay 1 967 _____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1 9 6 7 1______________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z ., M a r . 1 9 6 8 1_______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N ov. 1 9 6 7 1--------------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 196 7 _______________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
M ay 1 9 6 7 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , A ug . 1 9 6 7 1------------------------------------------------R i c h m o n d , V a . , Nov. 1 9 6 7 1_______________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1 967 -----------------------------------------------------

1575-21,
1530-67,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
157 5 - 1 6 ,
1530-79,

25
25
30
30
30
25
25

c e n ts
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cents

1530-70,
1575-6,
1575-27,
15 3 0 - 6 8 ,

30
25
25
20

cents
c e n ts
cents
cen ts

1 5 7 5 - 1 2,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1575-22,
1575-5,
1530-66,
1530-85,
1575-36,

25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
2 5 cen ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

St. L o u i s , M o . - 1 11., J a n . 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------------S a lt L a k e C i t y , U t a h , D e c . 1 9 6 7 __________________________
San A nto nio , T e x . , J u n e 1967 1 ___________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r sid e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
O
A u g . 1 9 6 7 1---------------------------------------------------------------------------San D i e g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 7 ---------------------------------------------San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 _______________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1 9 6 7 1 --------------------------------------------S a v a n n a h , G a . , M ay 196 7 __________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 7 1-------------------------------------------------S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Nov. 1 9 6 7 1_____________________

1575-39,
1 5 7 5 - 35,
1530-84,

30 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n ts

1575-10,
1575-19,
1575-37,
1 575 -15*,
1530-69,
1575-9,
1 57 5 - 2 9 ,

30
20
25
25
20
25
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cen ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1575-49,
1575-33,
1575-30,
1530-77,
1 57 5 - 2 ,

30
20
25
20
25

cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents

1530-65,
1575-50,
1530-75,
1575-1,
1575-32,
1575-28,
1530-78,

30
30
20
20
25
25
20

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , O c t. 1 9 6 7 1__________________________
South B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 968 1-------------------------------------------S p o k a n e , W a s h . , Ju n e 1967 1 ______________________________
T a m p a - S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A ug . 1 9 6 7 -----------------------T o l e d o , Ohio—M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , N ov. 1 9 6 7 --------------------------------------------------W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —Md.— a . , S e p t. 1 9 6 7 _________________
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., A p r . 1 9 6 8 1------------------------------------------W a t e r l o o , Io w a, Nov. 1 9 6 7 -------------------------------------------------W i c h i t a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 -------------------------------------------------W o re e s t e r , Mas s ., Ju n e 1967 ____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 196 8 1------------------------------ ------------------------Y o u n g s t o w n - W a r r e n , O h i o , Nov. 1 9 6 7 1_________________

1 57 5 - 1 7 ,
1575-56,
15 3 0 -8 0 ,
1575-8,
1575-43,
1575-24,
1 5 7 5 - 1 1,
1575-53,
1575-26,
1575-31,
1530-81,
1575-42,
1 57 5 - 2 5 ,

25
30
25
25
30
20
25
30
20
20
25
30
25

c e n ts
cen ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n t s
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cen ts
cen ts
c e n ts

p r a c t ic e s and sup plem entary w age provisions are also presen ted .

cents
cen ts
cents
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cents