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The Charlotte, North Carolina, Metropolitan Area
April 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
A rthur M

Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey
The Charlotte, North Carolina, Metropolitan Area




April 1966

Bulletin No. 1465-67
June 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 2 5 cents




-

1

■ .-.U

'i*

r

Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e da ta o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d da t a b y s e le fcte d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , a nd (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

T a b les:
1.
2.

A.




E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a nd p e r c e n t s o f
i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s . ______________________________________
O ccu pational e a rn in g s:*
A - 1.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n _________________________
m
A - 2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n ---------------------m
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ----------------------------------------------------A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B -l.
M in im u m entran ce s a la rie s fo r w o m e n o ffice w o r k e r s —
B -2.
Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ______________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------B -4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ____________________________________________________
B -5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------B -6.
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ---------------------------------B - 7 . H e a l th i n s u r a n c e b e n e f i t s p r o v i d e d e m p l o y e e s and
B -8.

3

4

5
7

o

B.

E i g h t y - f i v e a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the
p r o g r a m . In fo rm a tio n on o c c u p a tio n a l ea rn in g s is c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a lly in e a c h a r e a .
In form a tion on establish m en t p r a c ­
t i c e s a nd s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s i s o b t a i n e d b i e n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
C h a r l o t t e , N. C . , in A p r i l 1966. T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t
t h r o u g h M a r c h 1965, c o n s i s t s o f M e c k l e n b u r g and U n io n
C ou n ties.
T h i s s tu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e ­
g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t la n t a , G a. , B r u n s w i c k A . B a g d o n , D i r e c ­
t o r ; b y G e o r g e G . F a r i s h , u n d e r the d i r e c t i o n o f J a m e s D.
G arland.
T h e s tu d y w a s u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f
D on ald M. C r u s e , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W ages
and I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .

1
4

00 o

A t the en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d .
After
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lletin is is s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s data f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n .
The s e c o n d part p r e se n ts i n f o r ­
m a t io n w hich has b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a da ta to r e l a t e to e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s and the
U n ite d S t a t e s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n _______________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s --------------------------------------------

11
12
13
14
15
17

P r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s ------------------------------------------------------------------

19

A ppendixes:
A . C h a n g e s i n o c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________
B . O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

20
21

areas.

*NOTE:
S im ila r tabu lation s
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r . )

are a v a ilable f o r other

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r a c t i c e s in the C h a r l o t t e a r e a a r e a l s o
a v a i l a b l e f o r c o t t o n t e x t i l e s ( S e p t e m b e r 1965) and s y n t h e t ic
textiles (S eptem b er
1 9 6 5 ).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f
preva ilin g pay le v e ls ,
a re a v a ila b le f o r building c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n , p r i n t i n g , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s .

iil




Area W age Survey---The Charlotte, N.C., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w o r k
s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th ese o c c u p a t io n s have
b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 85 in w h i c h the U. S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u reau o f L a b o r S tatistics con d u cts s u r v e y s o f occu p a tio n a l earn in gs
and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , data
w e r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e ­
s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
Manu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s erv ices.
M a jo r industry grou p s ex clu d e d f r o m th ese stu dies a re
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e th ey tend to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S ep arate tabulations a re
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b ­
lica tion c r it e r ia .

The a v e ra g e s p r e se n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f f i n g and, th us, c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld n ot b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in
individual e s ta b lis h m e n ts . O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n t r i b ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y the a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the
sam e survey jo b description.
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e
u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a re co n d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t . E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O ccupations

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n ot the n u m b e r
actually s u rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
ta in e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n l y to in d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n ot m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s da ta .

and E a r n i n g s

The o c cu p a tio n s

stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follow in g ty p e s:
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w ith in the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B .
E a rn in g s data f o r s o m e of
the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l
to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i ­
bility o f d i s c l o s u r e o f individual e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
of

m a n u fa c tu r in g

an d

selected fo r

n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d ( in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s as th ey
r e l a t e to p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho
a r e u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c l u d e d . " P l a n t w o r k e r s "
i n c l u d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g
l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s . " O f f i c e w o r k ­
e r s " i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r ­
f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s . C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n
a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u ­
factu ring in d u stries.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da t a e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e




1

2
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s ( t a b l e B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to the e s ­
tablish m en ts v is it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith f o r m a l m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y p o l i c i e s .
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - Z ) a r e l i m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f ( l ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h i f t at the t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d as a p p ly in g to
a ll o f the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Paid h o lid a y s ;
p a id v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ; and p r o f i t - s h a r i n g
p la n s ( t a b l e s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 8 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n the b a s i s
that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y
o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a lif y f o r the p r a c ­
t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 8 m a y
not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f r o u n d i n g .
D a t a o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i. e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y gra n te d a r e in clu d ed e v e n though they m a y fa l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y , e v e n if the w o r k e r i s n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The f i r s t
p a r t o f the p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a lf
h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a lf
h o l i d a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d to
f o r m a l p o l i c i e s , exclu din g in fo r m a l a rra n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e off
w ith p a y is g r a n t e d at th e d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
E stim a tes
e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and t h o s e w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r
" s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g
le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in the s t e e l ,
a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s . S e p a r a t e e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c ­
c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t i n g v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , s u c h as
t i m e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f ann ual e a r n i n g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n t s . H o w ­
e v e r , in the t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n pa y, p a y m e n t s not o n a t i m e b a s i s
w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s ( t a b l e s B - 6 and B - 7 ) f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is
b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n ly l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h as

1
A n e s ta b lish m e n t w as c o n sid e re d as h a v in g a p o l ic y if
c o n d itio n s: (1 ) O p e ra te d la t e sh ifts a t the tim e o f the su rv ey , or (2 ) h a d
la t e sh ifts. A n e s ta b lish m e n t w as co n sid e re d a s h a v in g fo r m a l p ro v isio n s
sh ifts du rin g the 12 m onths p rio r to th e su rv ey , or (2 ) h a d p ro v isio n s in
la t e sh ifts.




w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
Such plan s in clu d e th ose u n d e r w r itte n by a c o m m e r c i a l in su ran ce
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fun d o r p a id d i r e c t l y by
th e e m p l o y e r o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D e a t h b e n e f i t s a r e i n c l u d e d as a f o r m o f l i f e i n ­
surance.
S e l e c t e d h e a lt h i n s u r a n c e b e n e f i t s p r o v i d e d e m p l o y e e s and
dependents are a lso presen ted .
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that ty p e o f
in su ra n ce under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d ca s h paym ents a re m ade d ire ctly
to the i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
disa b ility.
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p l a n s to w h i c h the
e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a nd N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h
have en acted te m p o r a r y d isa b ility in su r a n c e law s w hich re q u ire e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 2 p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if the e m p l o y e r ( l ) c o n ­
t r i b u t e s m o r e th an is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e
w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w . T a b u l a t i o n s
o f p a id s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 3 w h i c h p r o v i d e
f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b ecau se of illn ess.
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to
( l ) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y and n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s
w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y o r a w a it in g p e r i o d .
In a d d it io n
to the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p li c a t e d
t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r b o t h t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x t e n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
paym ent of d o c to rs ' fe e s.
S u c h p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r i t t e n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th ey m a y
be s e lf-in s u re d .
T abu lation s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n plan s a r e lim ite d
to t h o s e p l a n s th at p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f
the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
P r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s ( t a b l e B - 8 ) a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l pla n s
w ith d e f i n i t e f o r m u l a s f o r c o m p u t i n g p r o f i t s h a r e s to b e d i s t r i b u t e d
a m o n g e m p l o y e e s and w h o s e f o r m u l a s w e r e c o m m u n i c a t e d to e m ­
p l o y e e s in a d v a n c e o f the d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f p r o f i t s . D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d
a c c o r d i n g to p r o v i s i o n s f o r d i s t r i b u t i n g p r o f i t s h a r e s to e m p l o y e e s ;
( l ) C u r r e n t o r c a s h d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s w it h in a s h o r t p e r i o d
a f t e r d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f p r o f i t s ; (2) d e f e r r e d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s
a f t e r a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f y e a r s o r at r e t i r e m e n t ; (3) c o m b i n a t i o n
c u r r e n t and d e f e r r e d p l a n s ; and (4) e l e c t i v e d i s t r i b u t i o n p la n s , u n d e r
w h i c h e a c h p a r t i c i p a n t is r e q u i r e d t o s e l e c t w h e t h e r to ta ke h is s h a r e
o f the c u r r e n t y e a r ' s p r o f i t in c a s h , h a v e it d e f e r r e d , o r p a r t in c a s h
and p a r t d e f e r r e d .

2 T h e te m p o ra ry d is a b ility la w s in C a lifo r n ia a n d R h od e Isla n d do n o t requ ire e m p lo y e r
it m e t e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g
co n trib u tio n s.
fo r m a l p ro v isio n s c o v e rin g
3 A n e s ta b lish m e n t w a s c o n sid e re d as h a v in g a fo r m a l p la n if it e s ta b lish e d at le a s t the
if it (1 ) h a d o p e ra te d la te
m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s o f sic k le a v e a v a i la b le to e a c h e m p lo y e e .
S u ch a p la n n e ed n o t be
w ritten fo rm fo r o p e ra tin g
w ritte n , b u t in fo r m a l sic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s, d e te rm in e d o n an in d iv id u a l b a s is , w ere e x c lu d e d .

3

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Charlotte, N. C. , 1 by m ajor industry division, 2 April 1966
Number of establishments

Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study*

Studied

T otal4

Studied

Plant
Number

Percent

T otal4

416

133

72,400

100

45, 400

13, 200

40, 010

50
-

151
265

55
78

30, 300
42,100

42
58

23,500
21, 900

2, 500
10, 700

16, 490
23, 520

50
50
50
50
50

50
82
61
35
37

22

13,400
8, 100
10, 700
5, 400
4, 500

19

6, 500

2, 700

All divisions----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing_________________________________
Nonmanufacturing------- — -------- - ---------------Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilities5 ___________________
Wholesale tra d e-----------------------------------------Retail trade. . .
. . . .
— ----------Finance, insurance, and real estate---------Services 8 _
_
__________________________

Office

15
17
13

11

11

(‘ )
()
(7)
( 6)

15
7

6

(*)
( 6)
( 6)

9, 730
2, 350

6, 140
3, 580
1, 720

1 The Charlotte Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through March 1965, consists of Mecklenburg and Union Counties. The "workers within
scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of the labor force included in the survey.
The estimates are not intended,
however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires
the use of
establishment data com piled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the
scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual and the 1963 Supplement were used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "all industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample
was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
7 Workers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estateportion only in
estimates for "all industries" in the Series B tables.
Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m embership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural services.




About two-fifths of the workers within scope of the survey in the Charlotte area
were employed in manufacturing firm s. The following table presents the m ajor industry
groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry group
Textile m ill products_________ 26
Food products________________ 15
A p p a re l_______________________ 8
C hem icals____________________
8
Machinery (except e lectrica l)-. 8
Printing and publishing----------- 6

Specific industries
Knitting m ills_________________
Broadwoven fabric m ills,
cotton_______________________
Bakery products______________
Special industry machinery
(except metalworking)_______

9
8
5
5

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials compiled prior to actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , and
in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .

the j o b s d u r i n g the p e r i o d s u r v e y e d in 1961.
T h e s e w eigh ted earn ings
f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n t o t a l e d t o o b t a i n an a g g r e g a t e f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , the r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t a g e )
o f the g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r th e o n e y e a r to th e a g g r e g a t e f o r the o t h e r
y e a r w a s c o m p u t e d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the r e s u l t and 100 is
the p e r c e n t a g e o f c h a n g e f r o m th e o n e p e r i o d t o the o t h e r .
The
i n d e x e s w e r e c o m p u t e d b y m u l t i p l y i n g the r a t i o s f o r e a c h g r o u p
a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h p e r i o d a f t e r the b a s e y e a r ( 1 9 6 1 ) .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s
o f w o r k , that i s , the s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f t s .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n ­
c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in e a c h g r o u p .
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n and w o m en ):
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs, c la s s B
C le rk s, a c c o u n tin g , c la s s e s A an d B
C le ik s , f i l e , c la s s e s A , B, an d C
C le ik s , o rd e r
C le rk s, p a y ro ll
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
K e y p u n ch o p e ra to rs, c la s s e s A and B
O ffic e b o y s an d g irls
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs, se n io r
S w itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rs, c la s s e s A an d B
T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs, c la s s B
T y p is ts, c la s s e s A an d B

T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y ,
the e f f e c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r
i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in th e s a m e j o b ;
and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s du e t o c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e ­
s u lt in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and
c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
different pay le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s
o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e th e p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r
p a i d w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n and l o w e r the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s
a r e d u c t i o n in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s w o u l d h a v e the
o p p o s i t e e f f e c t . S i m i l a r l y , the m o v e m e n t o f a h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u l d c a u s e th e a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s to d r o p , e v e n
th o u gh n o c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
D a ta a r e a d j u s t e d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m the i n d e x e s and
p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y c h a n g e s in
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

In d u stria l nurses (m e n and w o m en ):
N u rses, in d u stria l (re g is te r e d )
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a ch in ists
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in ters
P ip e fitte rs
T o o l an d d ie m a k e rs
U n sk ille d p la n t (m e n ):
Ja n ito rs , p o rters, an d c le a n e r s
L ab o re rs, m a te r ia l h a n d lin g

N O TE: S e c r e ta r ie s , in c lu d e d in the l i s t o f jo b s in a ll p rev io u s y e a r s ,
e x c lu d e d b e c a u s e o f a c h a n g e in the d e sc rip tio n th is y e a r .

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the da ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s in
average pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h e y a r e not in flu enced by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.

are

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e ra g e h o u rly earn ings w e r e
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s .
The a v era g e s a la rie s
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e th e n m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h o f

T a b le 2.

In d e x e s o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l grou ps in C h a r lo tte , N . C . ,
A p ril 1966 an d A p ril 1 9 6 5 , and p e rc e n ts o f in c r e a se fo r s e le c t e d p e rio d s
in d e x e s
(A p r il 1 9 6 1 = 1 0 0 )

P erc e n ts o f in c re a se

Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p
A p r il 1966

A ll in d u strie s:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n an d w o m e n ) ------In d u stria l nurses ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) -----S k ille d m a in te n a n c e ( m e n ) -----------------U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) ------------------------M a n u fac tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n an d w o m e n ) -------In d u stria l nu rses ( m e n an d w o m e n ) -----S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ) -----------------U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) -------------------------




1 D a t a do n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r ite r ia .

1 1 9 .0

A p ril 1965

11 3 . 6

A p ril 19 6 5
to
A p ril 19 6 6

A p ril 1964
to
A p r il 19 6 5

A p r il 1963
to
A p r il 19 6 4

A p r il 1962
to
A p r il 1963

A p ril 1961
to
A p ril 1962

A p ril 1960
to
A p r il 1961

4 .7

3 .6

3. 2

2 .8

3 .4

2 .6

(M

(M

2. 5
5 .8

f 1)
3 .8
.4

( !)
7 .9
3 .6

(*)
4. 1
2 .7

2 .6

1 2 1 .3
123. 2

11 9 . 1
1 1 5 .6

1 .9
6 .6

i 1)
3 .7
5 .0

116. 5

1 1 4 .7

1. 6

3 .3

4. 2

3 .0

3. 4

( !)
(!)
1 2 0 .5

i 1)
( ‘)
116. 5

(M

i 1)
(*)
3 .9

(M

(M

(M

(l)

(M

1 .8
1 .6

3 .7
5. 2

3 .0
2 .9

i 1)

(M

<M

3. 5

4 .9

5
A. Occupational Earnings
T a b le A - l .

O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s — M e n and W o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C h a rlo tte , N .C ., A p r i l 1966)
W eekly e arn in gs1
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t io n ,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
workers

A verage
w eekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

$

$
40

M ean2

M edian 2

$
45

50

130

45

50

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

M
EN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 3----------------

76
58
29

40.5
40.0
40.0

112.00
118.00
118.50

$
108.50
122.50
125.00

$
$
9 4.00-136.00
9 9 .5 0-14 1.0 0
9 9 .0 0-13 4.0 0
8 3 .5 0-11 6.0 0

92.50

86.50
87.00

86.00
86.00

7 4 .0 0-

98.50

-

-

18
18

OFFICE BOYS -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

52
44

39.0
39.5

62.00
62.00

61.00
61.50

5 1 .5 0 5 0 .0 0 -

71.00
72.00

_

11
11

7

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------

41

39.5

125.00

124.00

111.00-137.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

55
55

39.5
39.5

94.50
94.50

94.50
94.50

8 0 .0 0-10 4.0 0
80.0 0-10 4.0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S3-----------------

40
40
40

41.0
41.0
41.0

83.00
83.00
83.00

85.00
85.00
85.00

8 1 .5 0 - 91.50
8 1 .5 0 - 91.50
8 1 .5 0 - 91.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

84
66

39.0
39.0

69.50
68.00

68.00
67.00

6 2.0 06 0.5 0-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

51
38

40.0
40.0

81.00
77.50

81.50
73.50

6 9 .5 0 - 93.50
6 7 .5 0 - 88.00

~

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------

189
32
157

39.5
39.5
40.0

69.00
73.50
68.00

65.00
76.00
63.00

5 8 .5 0 - 82.00
7 1 .0 0 - 80.00
5 8 .0 0 - 83.00

_

3

-

-

“

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

98
25
73

38.5
38.5
38.5

91.00
90.00
91.50

92.5 0
92.00
93.00

8 6.0 0-10 0.0 0
8 5.5 0-10 1.0 0
86.0 0-10 0.0 0

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

609
64
545

38.5
39.0
38.5

74.00
70.50
74.00

71.50
72.00
71.00

6 3 .0 0 - 84.50
6 7 .5 0 - 75.00
6 2 .5 0 - 35.50

-

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS B ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

101
82

39.0
39.0

63.00
63.00

62.00
62.00

5 7 .0 0 - 69.00
5 7 .0 0 - 69.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------

212
206
29

39.5
38.5
40.0

58.00
58.00
58.50

57.50
57.00
58.00

5 4 .5 0 - 60.00
5 4 .0 0 - 60.00
5 4 .5 0 - 62.50

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------------------

102

82.50

82.00

7 9 .5 0 - 84.50

0
C
O

o

98.50

40.0
40.0

1
o

40. 0

o

112
120
119

O'

ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

CLERKS,

“

_

_

-

-

7

_
_

~

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble.




o
o

W EN
OM
81.00
74.00

~

_
_

_

3
3
2
2

3

~

-

27

3

3
24

24

1

1

-

1
_

7
-

-

7
_

-

-

_
~

61
61
8

-

2

7

101

13
12

-

104

108

28
22

13
51

1

1

1

1

12

7

2

2

12

7

2

2

23

1

103

150

-

and

140

55

140

-

and
under

M iddle range 2

150

over

6
T a b le A -l .

O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s — M e n an d W o m e n —

C o n t in u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C h a r lo tte , N .C ., A p r i l 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, oc c up a t io n, and ind ust ry d iv is io n

Ntimber
of
workers

Numbe r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s traight -t im e w e e k l y ea rni ngs of—
$

Average
weekly
’ standard)

$
40

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
45

$
50

S

$
55

60

S

i
65

70

$
75

$
80

*
85

$
90

$
95

s
100

110

$
115

*
120

$

t
125

130

$
140

and
under

150
and

115

120

125

130

140

ISO

over

3
3
2

6
6
2

5
4
i
-

2
2
1

-

i
1
-

1
1
-

-

4
4

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

“

2
i

5
5

2
2

_

-

“

6
6
6

5
5
-

-

45
WOMEN -

S

$
105

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

-

-

i
1
-

13
6
7
-

25
9
16
4

20
4
16
3

51
36
15
1

7
5
2
i

27
17
10
10

11
3
8
3

4
4
-

-

9
9
-

3
3
1

-

-

14
14

14
8

11
11

18
15

21
17

19
15

n
9

3
3

4
4

-

2
2

13
13

27
27

21
19

13
10

32
32

9
7

5
5

34
7
27
11

41
6
35
19

7
7
7

9
1
8
8

no

CONTINUED

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES3 ---------------------------

189
88
101
28

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

$
79.50
79.50
79.50
88.00

$
77.50
78.50
75.50
88.00

$
7 0 .0 0 7 5.5 06 7.5 07 6.0 0-

$
88.00
87.00
90.50
94.50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

119
100

39.0
38.5

70.00
70.50

70.50
70.50

6 1.0 06 1 .5 0 -

78.00
78.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

132
124

39.5
39.5

77.50
77.00

76.50
76.00

6 8 .5 0 - 83.50
6 8 .0 0 - 83.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTIL ITIES 3 ---------------------------

191
40
151
83

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5

71.50
72.00
71.50
75.00

71.00
69.50
71.50
74.50

6 3 .5 0 - 77.50
6 3 .0 0 - 77.50
6 4 .0 0 - 77.50
6 6 .5 0 - 80.50

-

OFFICE GIRLS ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

37
28

38.0
38.0

58.50
59.00

61.00
61.00

5 7 .5 0 - 63.50
5 8 .0 0 - 64.00

_
-

-

SECRETARIES4 5---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

855
305
550
151

39.0
38.5
39.0
39. 5

91.50
95.50
89.50
98.50

88.50
93.50
85.50
99.00

8 0.0 0-10 3.5 0
8 3.0 0-10 8.0 0
78.5 0-10 2.0 0
8 7.00-111.50

_
-

_
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A5------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

38
26

39.0
39.0

103.00
106.00

101.00
104.00

9 1.50-119.00
9 5.0 0-11 9.0 0

_

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B5------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S3---------------------------

213
44
169
50

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

98.00
100.00
97.50
107.50

99.50
94.50
100.50
107.00

8 4.5 0-11 0.5 0
8 6.0 0-12 2.5 0
8 4.0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
101.50 -1 18 .00

_
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C5 ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 3---------------------------

148
33
115
31

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.6

92.00
97.00
90.50
97.00

88.50
100.00
86.00
96.00

8 0.5 0-10 2.5 0
8 6.00-106.00
8 0 .0 0 - 99.00
8T.5 0-11 0.0 0

_
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D5------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PU8LIC U TI LIT IE S3---------------------------

260
93
167
51

39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0

84.50
86.50
83.50
85.50

83.50
86.00
81.50
86.50

7 7 .0 0 - 90.50
7 9 .5 0 - 93.50
7 6 .5 0 - 89.50
7 8 .0 0 - 95.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

465
101
364
175

39.0
39.0
39.0
39. 0

76.00
82.00
74.50
79.00

74.00
81.00
73.00
77.00

6 7 .0 0 - 84.50
7 1 .0 0 - 91.00
6 6 .5 0 - 81.50
6 9 .0 0 - 87.00

_
-

_
-

-

42
9
33
2

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

120
38
82
43

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

90.50
90.50
91.00
96.00

90.50
94.00
90.00
94.50

8 0.0 0-10 2.5 0
7 6.0 0-11 0.5 0
8 1 .0 0-10 1.5 0
8 7.5 0-10 5.0 0

_
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B5 -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

68
55

40. 5
40.5

66.50
64.50

65.00
64.00

57.5 05 6.0 0-

73.50
73.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION IS TS MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

134
31
103

74.50
70.50
75.50

75.50
71.50
76.50

79.50
75.00
79.50

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble.




40.0
39.5
40.0

6 7 .5 0 6 6.0 06 8 .0 0 -

-

-

“

-

-

_

-

*

-

_
-

2
2
i

20
4
16
3

35
10
25
12

32
7
25
16

-

3

13
12

17
13

4
3

_
-

-

5
5

42
7
35
6

109
33
76
18

157
47
110
7

96
39
57
17

66
29
37
19

66
34
32
12

69
26
43
18

43
14
29
15

48
27
21
6

45
20
25
14

3
i

2

3
i

_

6
5

5
5

2
2

1
“

1
-

8
8

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

~

-

~

50
6
44
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

“

12
1
11
6

25
15
10
4

17
6
n
9

3
3

2
1
1
-

-

7
4

-

-

-

“

-

-

~

-

21
6
15
4

16
7
9
2

14
4
10
1

35
35
15

14
14
6

18
6
12
6

10
10
5

8
8
5

13
n
2
1

5
5
4

“

1
1
_

—
-

_
-

8
2
6
-

9
9
i

17
3
14
2

28
3
25
3

18
2
16
4

10
10
5

16
7
9
5

12
8
4
2

6
3
3
2

9
4
5

5
5
4

2
2
1

4
4
2

“

3
3
-

1
1
-

-

2
2
-

26
3
23
4

63
18
45
16

46
18
28
3

47
21
26
9

20
9
n
7

15
8
7
6

2
2
-

10
1
9
5

12
8
4
-

4
3
1
1

i
i
*

3
3
-

_
-

-

-

9
4
5
-

-

-

-

-

42
2
40
14

76
10
66
33

93
18
75
30

58
9
49
21

44
12
32
20

49
16
33
27

20
2
18
11

8
8
8

2
2
2

27
23
4
3

2
2
2

2
2
2

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
“

2
2
-

12
7
5
i

15
3
12
5

14
4
10
2

14
1
13
6

13
3
10
9

11
5
6
2

17
3
14
8

1
1
1

16
10
6
6

i
i
i

~

1
“
1
1

i
1
1

_
-

13
9

7
6

3
3

i
i

2
2

-

-

5
5

3

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

“

8
5
3

_

7
i
6

11

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

l

"

“

2
2

5
5

12
12

n
6

_

_

3
3
“

_

18
4
14

-

-

40
5
35
i

4
4

~

■

_

7
4
3
-

-

~

-

3
1
2
-

“

-

“

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

-

i
1

-

-

-

”

25
6
19

13
n
7

43
1
42

-

”

_

-

“

“

-

~

“

7
T a b le A -l .

O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s — M e n an d W o m e n —

C o n t in u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C h a r lo tte , N .C ., A p r i l 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Se x, oc c up a tio n, and ind ustry di v isi on

Nu m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ea rni ngs of—
90

Median ^

Middle range 2

95
WOMEN -

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

50

65

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

IIP

115

120

125

130

190

150

—

95

and
under

-

and

190

150

over

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

$

$

79.50
80.50

83.00
99.00

69.5072.00-

$
87.50
87.50

39. 0
39.0

70.00
70.50

70.00
70.60

6 6 .0 0 6 6 .0 0 -

79.00
79.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------

38.0
37.5

79.50
81.50

75.00
78.50

7 1 .0 0 7 0.0 0-

95.00
96.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S3------------------------

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

65.00
62.00
65.50
6 6 . 00

69.50
62.50
65.00
69.50

6 0 .0 0 - 71.00
5 8 .5 0 - 67.00
6 0 . 5 0 - 72.00
6 2 .0 0 - 73.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL--------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

163
133

23
17

1 Standard h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t he ir r e g ul ar s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the ea rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d to t hes e w e e k l y h ou r s,
2 The m ea n is co m p ut e d f o r e a ch j o b b y totaling the ea rn in gs of all w o r k e r s and dividing b y the n um b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m e d i a n de s ig na te s po s it io n— half of the e m p l o y e e s s u r ve y ed r e c e iv e m o r e
than the rate shown; ha lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate shown.
The m id dl e range is define d b y 2 ra te s of pay; a fou rt h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r of t he se ra te s and a four th earn m o r e than
the h i gh er rate.
2 T ra n sp or t a t i o n , co m m u n i ca t io n , and ot her pu bl ic utilities.
4 M a y include w o r k e r s ot her than those p r e s e n t e d sep ar at e ly .
5 D e s c r ip t io n f o r this o cc up a tio n has b e en r e v i s e d si nc e the las t s u r v e y in this are a.
See appen dix A.

Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

(A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w e ek ly ho ur s and e a rni ngs f o r se l e c t e d o cc u pa t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
b y ind ustry di v is io n, Cha rl ot te , N . C . , A p r i l 1966)

Standard ho ur s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi ch e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir re g ul ar st r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the ear ni ngs
F o r definition of t e r m s , se e footnote 2, table A - l .
D e s c r ip t io n f o r this occ up a tio n has b ee n r e v i s e d si nc e the last su r v e y in this a rea .
See appendix A.




c o r r e s p o n d to t he se w e e k l y ho ur s.

T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , P r o f e s s i o n a l , an d T e c h n i c a l O c c u p a t i o n s — M e n a n d W o m e n C o m b i n e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C h a rlo tte , N. C . , A p r il 1966)
Average

O cc u pa t io n and in du str y d i v is i o n

Number
of

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MA CHI NE )----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

86
66

3 9 .0

$
7 0 .0 0

3 9 .0

6 8 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

61
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

O cc up a tio n and in du str y d i v is i o n

192

3 9 .5

6 9 . 50

32

3 9 .5

7 3 .5 0

160

4 0 .0

6 8 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTIL ITIES 1 3
2 -----------

1 74
43
131
43

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39. 5

1 0 0 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

721
72
649

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 7 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

3 9 .0

7 8 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E, CLASS B ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

101
82

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

6 3 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2-----------------------

191
40
151
83

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5

$
71.50
72.00
71.50
75.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

89

72

38.5
38.5

60.50
61.00

SECRETARIES3 4 ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2-----------------------

857
307
550
151

39.0
38.5
39.0
39.5

91.50
95.00
89.50
98.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A 4-------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

38
26

39.0
39.0

103.00
106.00

1 1 0 .5 0

213
206
29

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

58 . 00
5 8 .0 0
5 8 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

222
201

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2-----------

211
94

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8
8
8
9

1
2
3
4




.5
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

119

3 9 .0

100

38. 5

7 0 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

132

3 9 .5

7 7 .5 0

124

3 9 .5

7 7 .0 0

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

98.00
100.00
97.50
107.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C4 ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 2---------------------------

148
33
115
31

39. 0
39.0
39.0
39.0

92.00
97.00
90.50
97.00

CLASS D4 -------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 2---------------------------

262
95
167
51

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

84.50
8 6 . 00
83.50
85.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------

465
101
364
175

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0

76.00
82.00
74.50
79.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 2---------------------------

120
38
82
43

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

9 0.50
90.50
91.00
96.00

m an ufa ctu rin g

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B4---------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

68
55

40.5
40.5

66.50
64.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

134
31
103

40.0
39.5
40.0

74.50
70.50
75.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------

43

39.5

124.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

105
99

39.0
38.5

87.50
88.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

42
29

39.5
39.5

73.00
74.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

163
133

39.0
39.0

70.00
70.50

TY PISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

39
31

38.0
37.5

79.50
81.50

TYP ISTS, CLASS B ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S2 -----------------------------------

369
59
310
73

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.5

67.00
62.00
68.00
75.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
CLASS A 4-------------------------------------------

29

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B 4------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

DRAFTSMEN,

111
71

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS C 4-------------------------------------------

Standard ho ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r wh ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s and the ea rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d to t he se w e e k l y ho ur s,
T ra n sp o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o th e r public utili ti es.
M a y in clu de w o r k e r s o th e r than t ho se p r e s e n t e d sep ar at e ly .
D e s c r i p t i o n f o r this o c c u p a t io n has b e en r e v i s e d si nc e the las t s u r v e y in this a r e a .
See appen dix A.

36

40.0
40.0
o
o

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

2
1
3
2

213
44
169
50

-

Number
of
workers

o
o

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING —

117
41

SECRETARIES, CLASS B4 ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 2---------------------------

SECRETARIES,

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS C ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2-----------

Average

O cc u p a t io n and in du st r y d i v is i o n

136.00
105.50
105.00
87.50

9
T a b l e A -4 .

M a in t e n a n c e a n d P o w e r p l a n t O c c u p a t io n s

(A v e r age s tr ai gh t- tim e h ou r ly ea rnings f o r m en in s e l e c t e d o cc up a tio ns studied on an a rea b a s is
b y ind ustry d i v is io n, Cha rl ot te , N . C . , A p r i l 1966)
Hourly earnings

1

Nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e ho ur ly ea rnings of—

workers

2

2

M ean2

Median

$
2.3 9
2 .3 5

$

$

*

$

2.3 0

2 .4 0

2.5 0

2 . 60 2 . 7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3.0 0

$
3.1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
$
3 .3 0 3 .4 0

2 .1 0

2 .20

2 .30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 . 70 2 . 8 0

2 .9 0

3.0 0

3 . 10 3 . 2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

4
3

6
6

4

4
3

1
1

6
6

i
i

3
3

6
6

3

5

3

5

~

2

13
4
9
-

1.9 0 2 .0 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0 2 .0 0

1

-

$

%

$

1.3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1.4 0

1.5 0

1 .6 0

~

-

$
$
2 . 1 8 - 2.6 5
2 . 1 6 - 2 .5 7

Middle range

$
2 .20

$

1 .8 0

$

1 .2 0

O cc up a tio n and indu stry div isi on

2.10

$

1.6 0

4
1 .7 0

$

$

$

and
under
1 .3 0

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------

37
26

$
2 .4 0
2 .3 4

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING ---------------------

29
29

2 .5 2
2 .5 2

2.4 9
2.4 9

2 .3 3 2 .3 3 -

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S3 -----------

n o

50
60
37

2 .0 2
1 .7 8
2.2 2
2 .2 0

1 .9 1
1.7 4
2 .1 3
1 .9 9

1 . 6 7 - 2.3 5
1 . 6 1 - 1.88
1 . 9 1 - 2 .6 8
1 .9 3 - 2.6 5

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------

30
30

2 .7 7
2.7 7

2.7 8
2 .7 8

2 .3 9 2 .3 9 -

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S3-----------

363
47
316
301

2 .8 5
2.21
2 .9 4
2.96

2 .9 8
2 .0 5
3 . 13
3.1 4

2 . 3 8 - 3 .3 3
1 . 9 5 - 2 .4 9
2 . 5 3 - 3.3 4
2 .5 4 - 3.3 4

_
-

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

_
-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

131
111

2.5 7
2.52

2.5 7
2.3 9

2 .2 9 - 2.8 5
2 . 2 4 - 2.8 5

_

_

-

i

-

-

-

OILERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

42
42

1.56
1 .5 6

1.4 7
1 .4 7

1 .3 7 1 .3 7 -

-

15
15

10
10

8
3

-

~

2 .7 6
2 .7 6
2

2
“

3
3
-

2
2
-

-

9
9

16
10
6
6

11
10
1
-

11
8
3

13

7

5
-

13
13

5
2
2

3.0 5
3.0 5

1 .5 9
1.59

1 E x cl u d es p r e m i u m pay fo r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w ee k e n d s,
2 F o r def inition o f t e r m s , s e e footno te 2, table A - l .
3 T ra n sp or t a t i o n , co m m u n i ca t io n , and oth er public utilities.

$

5
5

3

2
2

ho lid ay s,

Table A-5.

-

l
1

_

4
4

2

_

2

_

2

-

2

_

_

9

-

9
9

-

_

-

-

4
4

_

5

“

5

20

ii

2

3

18
18
7
7

2

2

13
13
-

21
1
20
20

2
2
-

45
2
43
43

9
3
6
6

_

4

6
6

8
8

25
25

2

_

i
i

i
i

1
1
~

2

4

15
15

_

-

-

-

11
11
-

_

i

~

-

4
4

2

i

_

2

6
6
-

i

4
4
2

2

2

5

2

1
1

-

_

“

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

3
3

5

8
8

20
2
18
15

18
18
17

5
5
5

5
5
2

10
3

8
5

24
20

-

10
9

_

-

_

1
1

5

_

1
1

_

5
5

ov e r

i

-

-

“

-

1-

i
i

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

~

_

_

”

~

i
i

3
3

52

44

10
10
10

89
89
89

24
~
24
24

_

3

3
3

5
4

-

-

-

-

4

48

and late shifts.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e ho ur ly earni ngs f o r se l e ct e d o cc u pa t io n s studied on
b y ind ustry d iv is io n, C ha rl ot te , N . C . , A p r i l 1966)
Numbe r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly earnings of—

Hourly ea mings 2

$
1.2 0
Mean3

M edian3

Middle range

1.20

$
1.30

$
1.4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1.6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
$
1 .8 0 1.9 0

$
2.0 0

1.30

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and indu stry di v isi on

Number
of
workers

1 .4 0

1.5 0

1.6 0

1.7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10 2 . 2 0

6

37
37

30
30

10
10

22
16

7

2

1

3

20
2
ro

147
114

$
1 .7 0
1 .6 0

$
1.5 1
1.4 6

$
1 .3 8 1 .3 7 -

$
1.7 9
1.65

92

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------

1 .4 4

1.4 3

1 .3 6 -

1.52

890
364
526
62

1 .5 4
1.53
1 .5 5
1.48

1.48
1.4 9
1 .4 7
1 .4 7

1 .3 5 1 .3 6 1 .3 5 1 .3 9 -

1.7 3

15

72

1.7 6
1 .5 8

15

Tft

”

2

WATCHMEN:

JANITORS,

PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS ------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le.




$
$
2 . 10 2 . 2 0

$
2.3 0

$
2.4 0

s
2 .5 0

S
2.6 0

$
2 .7 0

*
2.8 0

$
2.9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3.1 0

$
$
3.2 0 3 .3 0

2 .3 0

2.4 0

2.5 0

2 .6 0

2.7 0 2.8 0

2 .9 0

3.0 0

3.1 0

3.2 0

3.3 0

2

1

6

“

5

54

1

8

-

54

1

8

and
under

2

and

5

°

6

37

30

247
91

142

67

79

142

37

OJ
nn

38
10

M
i

nn

tt>

1

12

6

6

2

13
13

”

~

~

10
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l an d M a t e r i a l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t i o n s —

C o n t in u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C h a r lo t t e , N .C ., A p r i l 1966)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

i

1 .2 0

rr ,
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$

1 .3 0 1 .4 0

Under
J
and
1.20 under

________1 . 3 0

i

i

—

—

—

—

—

1.6 0

1 .7 0

1.8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

6

37
25
12

i

55
21
34
30

1 ,2 8 9
392
897
665

1.9 8
1.4 7
2 .2 0
2.4 3

1 .7 6
1 .4 5
2.4 2
2.5 1

1 .4 4 - 2 .5 2
1 . 3 5 - 1.58
1 . 6 4 - 2 .5 7
2 .3 4 - 2 .5 9

ORDER
F I L L E R S -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

3 75
68
307

1.86
1.6 9
1.9 0

1.8 2
1 .6 2
1 .8 7

1 .5 7 1 .4 0 1 .6 2 -

2 .1 9
1.99
2.21

_

-

-

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

193
84

1.6 3
1.4 9

1 .4 9
1.4 4

1 .3 7 1 .3 5 -

1 .9 6
1 .5 4

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

135
115

1 .7 1
1 .5 7

1 .7 3
1.71

1 .4 2 1 .3 9 -

1 .7 8
1 .7 6

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

106
41
65

2 .0 3
1.92
2.1 1

1.9 5
1.8 7
1 .9 9

1 .6 5 1 .6 8 1 .5 9 -

2 .4 4
2 .0 7
2.4 7

_
-

-

-----------------------------

-

-

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

98
43
55

2.3 7
2 .2 9
2 .4 3

2.5 1
2.5 1
2 .5 1

2 . 1 6 - 2.5 8
2 . 0 6 - 2 .6 9
2 . 3 8 - 2 .5 7

_

_

-

-

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

56
34

2 . 15
2 .0 6

2 .3 2
2 .0 2

1 .8 8 1 .8 5 -

-

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 4---------------------------

1 ,2 7 6
137
1 ,1 3 9
618

2 .2 8
1 .6 8
2 .3 5
2 .7 3

2.2 4
1.7 3
2.6 2
2.9 8

1 .6 2 - 3 .0 7
1 . 4 3 - 1.95
1 . 6 8 - 3 .2 1
2 . 4 5 - 3.2 5

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

283
263

1.82
1. 84

1.6 9
1.6 7

1 .3 0 1 .2 9 -

2.1 9
2 .3 5

*

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 4---------------------------

499
33
466
.347

2 .3 4
1 .4 6
2 .4 0
2 .6 5

2.6 0
1.3 9
2.6 2
2.6 7

1 . 6 9 - 3.21
1 . 3 4 - 1 .5 3
1 . 7 5 - 3.21
2 . 3 3 - 3 .2 4

-

5
-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 4---------------------------

417
72
345
2 59

2 .6 5
1.82
2.82
2 .8 4

3.0 0
1.8 6
3.0 7
3 .2 2

1 .8 9 1 .7 4 2 .8 1 2 .8 8 -

3 .2 3
2.0 5
3.2 5
3 .2 6

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

250
107
143

2 .2 9
1 .8 5
2 .6 2

2.1 4
1.8 3
3 .2 1

1 .7 5 1 .7 1 1 .9 3 -

3.2 2
2 .1 4
3.2 5

19
18
1

105
48
57

160
99
61
18

149
102
47
8

90
56
34
-

38
72
61

-

19
18
1

51
7
44

33
8
25

52
8
44

26
7
19

6
6

62
28

29
22

18
18

10

_

-

_

9
9

22
22

16
16

2
2

-

-

_

_

1
1

22

-

-

-

19

-

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

_

-

5
5

28
7
21
6

-

-

-

-

6

$

$

t

$

8
8

_

_

1
-

70
64

96
96

221
214

-

-

48

-

-

-

_

_

_

14

_

-

-

i
i

-

-

65
65

10
3
7

12

19

-

24
2
22
12

39

10

1
38

15
14

20
7
13

6
2
4

38
28
10

-

-

-

-

6

i
i
-

_

2

-

2

-

_

_

2

-

-

-

4

_

_

-

i

-

-

4

5

-

-

5

5
5

3
3

6

10

34
9
25

3
3

10
7
3

3
3

_

3
3

5
5

_

_

76
21
55
8

11
2
9
6

6

-

29
7
22
18

25
6
19
-

-

_

35
12
23

62
19
43
-

_

3

132
29
103
90

77
20
57
55

_

25

3
“

38
5
33
12

3
3

~

-

7
7

-

-

17

3
3

-

-

-

17

8
8

-

150
150

2

3
-

5

-

2

5

~

“

2
2

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

1

-

-

150

1

9

-

and
over

8
8

-

-

—
3.3 0

-

-

8
8

—
3.2 0

3

9

-

—
3.1 0

4

-

35

—

2 .9 0 3 .0 0

4
4

-

—

3.3 0

25

-

-

1

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

221

-

6
3

i
i

96

_

16
8

-

70

2

11
11

_

3
2

6
2
4

12

9

-

—
2 .8 0

16

u

_

—
2.7 0

32
4

25
21

~

—
2 .6 0

_

24
24

-

—
2.5 0

19
12
7

-

7

—
2 .4 0

-

2
2

7
-

—
2 .3 0

$

3.2 0

2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3.0 0 3.1 0

—

48

72
70

-

t

2.1 0 2 .2 0

-

~

~

t

19

64
18
46

_

t

2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0

45
4
41

134
19
115
4

-

$

5
2
3

33
2
31

85
10
75

*

$

i

1

2

_

_

i

2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2.4 0

47
4
43
20

u

6
5
2

14

_

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A -l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




3

-

16

—

i

1

n o

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING-------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S4 ---------------------------

52
7
45

_

t

1

i

$
$
1 . 2 6 - 1.53
1 . 3 3 - 1.55
1 . 2 4 - 1 .4 7

-

s

—

$
1 .3 3
1 .4 5
1 .2 7

-

*

1.5 0

$
1 .3 7
1 .4 1
1 .3 3

1
2
3
4
5

i

1.8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0

—

116
50
66

2 .4 4
2 .4 3

i

1 .7 0

1 .5 0 1 .6 0

1.4 0

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CLEANERS
(WOMEN)------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

N O N M A N U FA C TU R IN G

i

_

-

-

6

10
9

-

13
3

-

-

18

13

6

17

113

69

19

9
2
2

18
4

13
8

6
6

17
4

113
106

69

19
12

35
33

4
4

2

_

2

-

4
4

_

n

_

-

47
47

i
-

22

11

2

14

ii

6

4

2
2

14
4

11
8

6
6

4
4

-

-

3

10
-

22
18

8

8

_
-

no
no
106

2

60
60

-

-

“

-

_

_

_

-

-

35

51
51

-

-

2

_

_

-

-

-

_

303

-

303
303

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

-

3

1

2

1

-

136

-

3
2

1
-

2
-

1
-

-

136
136

-

-

19
9

7
7

8
8

-

-

-

9

3

6

18

33

50

-

159

-

17

10

-

-

-

-

-

~

9

3

6

18
12

33
33

50

-

159
159

-

14
11
3

12

10
10

25
25

22

_

4

4
3

_
~

-

-

-

-

-

12

17

-

7
15

-

-

4

i

-

4

75

4

75

“

11
B.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Table B-l.

Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary fo r selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Charlotte, N. C. , A pril 1966)
Other inexperienced cle rica l workers 1
2

Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e salary 1

All
industries

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
All
schedules

All
schedules

37‘ / 2

Manufacturing
All
industries
All
schedules

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d __ ______ _________________________________

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s ha v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ________________
U n d e r $ 5 0 . 0 0 __________________________________________________
$ 5 0 . 0 0 and u n d e r $ 5 2 . 5 0 ____________________________________
$ 52. 50 and u n d e r $ 55. 00____________________________________
$ 55. 00 and u n d e r $ 57. 50____ ____ _______________ _________
$ 57. 50 and u n d e r $ 60. 00____________________________________
$ 60. 00 and u n d e r $ 62. 50___________________________________
$ 6 2 . 5 0 and u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ____________________________________
$ 6 5 . 0 0 and u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 ____________________________________
$ 6 7 . 5 0 and u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 ____________________________________
$ 7 0 . 0 0 and u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 ____________________________________
$ 7 2 . 5 0 and u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 ____________________________________
$ 75. 0 0 , and u n d e r $ 77 . 50____________________________________
$ 7 7 . 5 0 and u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 ____________________________________
$ 8 0 . 0 0 and o v e r _______________________________________________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s ha v i n g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ______________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h di d not e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y __________________________________________________

1 These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid fo r standard workweeks.
2 Excludes w orkers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger or office girl.
3 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the m ost common standard workweeks reported.




Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
All
schedules

37‘ / 2

12




Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

( S h ift d if f e r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e and a m o u n t o f d if f e r e n t ia l,
C h a r lo tte , N . C . , A p r i l 1966)
P e rc e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s —

In establishm ents having form a l
p rovision s 1 fo r—

Shift differential

A ctually working on—

Second shift
work

Third o r other
shift work

Second shift

T hird o r other
shift

78. 5

65. 8

16. 2

7. 8

. . . .

39. 3

50. 1

8. 6

6. 1

_

27.7

34.6

6. 2

5. 2

1.7
2 .9
12. 8
7 .7
1.2
1.4
-

1.7
20. 1
5. 4
.8
5. 3
1 .4

.5
.9
2 .6
1.5
.7
-

.3
4. 1
.4
(1 )
2

7. 3

7. 3

1.6

.4

2. 9
1.7
2.7

-

.2
.3
1. 1

.2
.3

-

.5

-

Total
With shift pay d ifferential
Uniform cents (p er hour)

..

3 cents — - — — -------4 cents
_
___
______ _
5 c e n ts _____ _________
_ ____
8 c e n ts __ ____ ____ ___
__________
10 ce n ts .. ___
_ _. _. ._ . . ___
12 cen ts____ ____________ ___________ __
I 3V cen ts_______________________________
3
15 r.ftnts
.... . __ ...._
_
2 1 V cents
3
..........................

m
tm
m

U niform percentage
1V2 p e rce n t___ _______ ____ __ _ _
2 p ercen t ___________________________ _
3 p e rce n t_________ ____________________
4 p ercen t _______ ____________
. . ..
7 p e rce n t________ ______________________
9 p e rce n t------------------------------------------------Full d a y's pay fo r reduced hours_____

-

2 .9
1.7
2.7
2 .6

Full d a y's pay fo r reduced hours plus
cents p er h ou r__ __ __ ____ _________ ___

-

1.2

*

Other form a l pay d iffe r e n tia l_____________

4. 4

4 .4

.8

39. 1

15.8

7 .5

With no shift pay d iffe r e n tia l..

________ ._

1 In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g la te s h ifts ,
ev e n th o u g h th e y w e re n o t c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s th a n 0. 05 p e r c e n t.

and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s

.1
.2

-

1.7

c o v e r in g la te s h ifts

13

Table B-3.

Scheduled W eek ly Hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f pla nt and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C h a r l o t t e , N. C . , A p r i l 1966)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s

U n d e r 3 7 V7 h o u r s
3 7 Vz h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 37 Vz a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ______________________
4 0 h o u r s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 5 h o u r s _________________________
4 5 h o u r s ___________________________________________________
4 6 Vj h o u r s ________________________________________________
4 7 V2 h o u r s ________________________________________________
48 h ou rs
O ver 48 h ou rs

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t il it ie s 1
2

100

100

100

2
3

4

-

-

-

-

76
4
4

82
3
3
1

74

(4 )
1
5
5

9
5
-

A ll in d u s t r ie s 3

100

100

3
27
3
63
2
1
-

1
24

-

-

5

-

(4 )

2

P u b lic u t il it ie s 2

100

23

9

-

64
1
1
_

76

11

1 I n c l u d e s da t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t il it i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
4 L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




M a n u fa c tu r in g

-

shown separately.

(4 )
(4 )
_
-

14

T a b l e B -4 .

P a id H o l i d a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r i l 1966)

Plant workers

Office workers

Item
All industries 1

A ll w orkers

__

W orkers in establishments providing
paid h olid ays______________________________
W orkers in establishments providing
.........
............
no paid holidays

Manufacturing

Public u tilitie s1
2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public u tilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

80

73

99

99

98

100

20

27

1

1

2

-

7
8
1
22
1
1
21
13
5
1
1

10
11
9
2
25
9
4
1
2

_
-

3
2

5

13
5
31
37
7
"

(4 )

2
11
24
3
29
13
1
5
-

1
1
2
2
6
19
40
41
63
64
72
78
79
79

2
2
3
3
7
16
41
42
52
52
63
70
72
73

7
44
80
80
94
99
99
99
99
99

Number of days
Less than 4 holidays
... _
4 holidays _
_ _
4 holidays plus 1 half day_...........
5 h olid ays__________________ ___________ — ____
T
—
5 holidays plus 1 half day_____________________
5 holidays plus 2 half days
6 holidays
_______ _____________
7 holidays _
. . .
__
_ _
8 holidays____________________________________
8 holidays plus 1 half day____________________
9 holidays
9 holidays plus 1 half day_____________________
10 holidays plus 1 half d a y________
______

39
4
1

14
19
10
(4 )
3
2
2

2
12

5

16
56
9
-

10

Total holiday tim e5
I 0 V2 days
9 V2 days or

__ __ . . .. ._ __ _______ __
m ore _
.
9 days or m ore
_
_____
8 l/z days o r m o r e __
__ __ __ __ __ ___
8 days or m o r e _______________________________
7 days or m ore _ _
____ _ _ _____ ___
6 days or m ore
__ _ __ _ __________ _
5 V days or m o r e ____________________________
2
5 days or m ore
. . . . . . _. ____ . ___
4 V days or m o r e ____________________________
2
4 days or m ore
3 days or m o r e _______________________________
2 days or m ore
1 day or m ore
. . ___
.
~ . . ..

.

2
3

10
10

6
6
16
36
50
54
93
93
95
98
98
98

15
15
17
30
59
61
85
85
96
97
97
98

9
65
86
86
98
100
100
100
100
100

1 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rvice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
* Less than 0. 5 percent.
5
A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of w orkers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and no
half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions were then cumulated.




15

T a b le B -5 .

P a id V a c a t i o n s 1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r i l 1966)

O ffic e w o rk e r s

P la n t w o rk e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
74
15
1
2

89
56
28
1
3

100
100
-

99
99
1
(5 )

99
93
6
1

100
100
_

8

11

-

(5)

(5 )

-

11
21
1

17
20
1

_
36
-

4
43
3

8
57
7

32
-

3
69
2
18

4
61
3
22

_
75
25

(5)
41
1
57

2
32
66

_
87
13

2
50
5
34

4
49
8
29

_
50
2
48

(5)
18
2
80

2
19
79

_
24
11
64

2
32
7
50

4
40
12
34

_
14
1
85

(5)
9
1
90

2
9
1
88

_
12
2
86

2
31
7
51

4
40
12
34

_
14
1
85

(5 )
9
1
90

2
9
1

sa

_
12
2
86

17
3
68
1
3

22
3
58
3
3

9
1
90
-

3
(5 )
91
5

5
94
1

6
2
92
-

15
2
54
1
17
2

20
2
52
3
10
3

9
63
28

2
70
23
5

5
57
36
1

P u b lic u t il i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t il i t i e s 3

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p a id v a c a tio n s _
L e n g th - o f- tim e p a y m e n t_______________
P e rc e n ta g e p a y m e n t________________________
F la t- s u m p a y m e n t_________________________
O th e r ______________________________________
W o r k e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p a id v a c a tio n s _ _
A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6
A f te r 6 m o nths o f s e rv ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________

_

A f te r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________
__ ___ _ __________
1 w e e k _________________________ ______________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e eks _ _ _ _ _ _
A f t e r 2 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________ _
_ ____ _ _________
_________
1 w e e k ____
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e eks
_
_ __
A f te r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________
A f te r 4 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e ks _ _____________ ______ ______________
A f te r 5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k — ______________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________ ______
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________

*

-

-

A f te r 10 y e a rs o f s e rv ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w eeks ___________________
3 w e e ks _______________________________________
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

________________________________________

See fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le .




3
72
25

16

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d V a c a t i o n s 1-------C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r i l 1966)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1
2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t il it ie s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6— C o n t i n u e d
A fte r

12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
O ver 1
2w e e k
O ver 2
3 w eek
4 w eek

a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________
s ______________________________________________________
a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________________
s ______________________________________________________
s ___________ __________________________________________
A fte r

15

20
2

44

44
3
18
3

2
1

27

2

2

-

-

-

3
-

31

59

55

37

9

5

-

-

-

-

61

34
5

38

60

-

1

-

15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________ _________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________ ________________________________

15

1
33
3
37

2

20
2
36
3
25
3

2

9
-

-

12

40

1

80

51
5

-

5
-

3
-

39
54

23
74

1

-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________________________

15

20
2

33
3
25
13

35
3

12
-

-

-

-

21

36
44

49
16

41
16

55
19

1

2

5
3

2

9

33

-

(5 )

*

5

3

-

-

37

23

1

-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________________________
A fte r

15

1

20
2

2

9

33
27
33
5

-

12

33

35

1
21

22

12

18
3

5
4

67

15

20
2

-

-

-

5

3

-

-

37
-

23
7
67

29
27

1

*

30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________________________

1

2

9
-

1
21

35
-

12

22

12

18
3

5
4

33
27
33

67

33

-

5

5
37
-

3
23
-

29
27

67

7

1

1 In c lu d e s b a s ic p la n s o n ly . E x c lu d e s p la n s such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and th o s e p la n s w h ic h o f fe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a tic a l" b e n e fits beyond b a s ic p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le ngths
o f s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l o f such e x c lu s io n s a re p la n s in the s te e l, a lu m in u m , and can in d u s trie s .
2 In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .
4 In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
5 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e rc e n t.
6 In c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r th a n " le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e rc e n ta g e o f a nn ual e a rn in g s o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e rte d to an e q u iv a le n t tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e rc e n t
o f a n n u a l e a rn in g s w a s c o n s id e re d as 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e rio d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b i t r a r i l y c hose n and do n o t n e c e s s a r ily r e f le c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r e xa m p le , the
changes in p r o p o r tio n s in d ic a te d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in c lu d e changes in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw e en 5 and 10 y e a rs . E s tim a te s a re c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k 's pay
o r m o re a f te r 5 y e a rs in c lu d e s th o se who re c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o re a f te r fe w e r y e a rs o f s e r v ic e .




17

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , In su ra n ce , an d P e n sio n

P la n s

(P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o ffic e w o rk e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h e a lth , in s u ra n c e , o r.p e n s io n b e n e fits , 1 C h a rlo tte , N . C . , A p r i l 1966)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1
2

A l l w o r k e r s ___

..

..

__

..

__

__

______

________

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

96

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g :

89

L ife I n s u r a n c e
A c c id e n t a l d e a th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ________ __ ______ __ ______ __
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 5

____

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ______
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y and n o
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) _____ . . . .
__________
S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) .
.
. . .
_____
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _______________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ..
_ __
_____________ __
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ______ ____
__________ __
C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e
_ _ _ _ _
___________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n _____ . . . . .
________
N o h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p la n ______

90

88

98

98

62

70

69

64

76

71

66

61

86

82

71

94

45

51

49

23

25

25

19

11

27

60

57

54

7

-

32

12

-

91
91
54
48

94
94
53
48

100
100

96
96

58
6

49
5

70
65
90

99

99

68

63

75
84

77

76

1

31

100
100

1

82
75
79

1 In c lu d e s those p la n s f o r w h ic h a t le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r, e x c e p t those le g a lly re q u ire d , such as w o r k m e n s co m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to those in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .
4 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
5 U n d u p lic a te d to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e show n s e p a ra te ly b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a re lim it e d to those w h ic h d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h a t le a s t
the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t can be expe cted by each e m p lo y e e . In fo rm e d s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a re e xclu d e d .




18

T a b le B -7 .

H e a lth

In su ra n c e B e n e fit s P r o v id e d

E m p lo y e e s a n d T h e ir D e p e n d e n ts

( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a lt h in s u r a n c e b e n e f it s c o v e r i n g e m p lo y e e s , a n d t h e ir d e p e n d e n t s , C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , A p r i l 1 9 6 6 )

P la n t w o rk e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

T ype o f b e n e fit, c o v e ra g e , and fin a n c in g 1
A l l in d u s t r ie s 1
2

A l l w o r k e r s __ _______________________

___

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u ra n c e
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly _
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ™ __________ __ _
_ „ __
_
J o in tly fin a n c e d
„
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and t h e ir
d e p endents___________ _ __________ _
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ___________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d ____ _______________ _
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n c e d f o r dep e n d e n ts_____
S u rg ic a l in sura nce™ ___
_ — __ —
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly
„ __ _
E m p lo y e r financed™ __ _
______
J o in tly fin a n c e d ______________________
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and t h e ir
d e p e n d e n ts ____________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ___________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n c e d f o r d e p endents_____

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t il it ie s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t il it ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

91
33
26
7

94
34
30
4

100
22
22
-

96
48
38
10

99
34
28
6

100
35
35
-

58
13
40

60
10
47

78
41
26

48
11
34

65
19
37

65
18
39

4

3

11

4

10

7

91
33
26
7

94
34
30
4

100
22
22
-

96
48
38
10

99
34
28
6

100
35
35
-

58
13
40

60
10
47

78
41
26

48
11
34

65
19
37

65
18
39

4

3

11

4

10

7

M e d ic a l in s u ra n c e _________________________
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s on ly
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d _ _ _____ ______
J o in tly fin a n c e d ______________________
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and t h e ir
d e p e n d e n ts ____ ____ __ ____ ____ __
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ___________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d _______ __ ------- — _
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
- jo in t ly fin a n c e d f o r dep endents_____

54
20
16
5

53
20
16
4

70
16
16
-

68
32
28
3

63
15
8
6

82
31
31
-

33
7
23

33
5
26

54
23
25

36
9
24

49
18
22

51
11
35

3

3

5

3

10

5

C a ta s tro p h e in s u ra n c e _____________________
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly _______________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ___________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d _
_ ____ __ ____
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and t h e ir
d e p e n d e n ts ____ _______________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ___________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d ________________ ___
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
j o in tly f inane ed f o r d e p e n d e n ts _____

48
20
14
6

48
21
15
6

65
12
12

75
38
28
10

77
28
23
5

75
28
28

28
9
16

27
2
23

53
45

37
12
21

49
8
32

47
38
2

3

3

8

4

10

7

-

-

-

1 I n c lu d e s p la n s f o r w h ic h a t le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . S e e f o o t n o t e 1, t a b le B - 6 . A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s p r o v id in g b e n e f it s t o e m p lo y e e s f o r t h e ir
d e p e n d e n t s i f s u c h c o v e r a g e w a s a v a ila b le t o a t le a s t a m a j o r i t y o f t h o s e e m p lo y e e s o n e w o u ld u s u a lly e x p e c t t o h a v e d e p e n d e n t s , e . g . , m a r r i e d m e n , e v e n th o u g h t h e y w e r e l e s s th a n a m a jo r it y
o f a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
T h e e m p lo y e r b e a r s th e e n t ir e c o s t o f " e m p lo y e r fin a n c e d " p la n s .
T h e e m p lo y e r an d e m p lo y e e s h a r e th e c o s t o f " jo in t ly fin a n c e d " p la n s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s s h o w n , s e p a r a t e l y .




19

T a b le B -8 .

P r o fi t -S h a r in g P la n s

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s ,
b y ty p e o f p la n , C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r i l 1966)

P la n t w o rk e rs
T ype of p la n

A ll w o rk e r s ...

A l l in d u s tr ie s 1
2

M a n u fa c tu rin g

O ffic e w o rk e rs
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s trie s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t il it ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

20

20

20

28

32

12

2

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p r o f it - s h a r in g p la n s _________ ________________

100

3

-

2

1

-

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r c u r r e n t

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r d e fe rre d
d is t r ib u t i o n _______________________________

18

17

16

24

31

9

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r both c u r r e n t
and d e fe r re d d is tr ib u tio n

1

-

4

1

-

3

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r e m p lo y e e 's ch o ice
o f m e th o d o f d is tr ib u tio n __________________

-

-

-

2

-

-

80

80

80

72

68

88

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g no
p r o f it - s h a r in g pla n s

1 The stu d y was lim it e d to f o r m a l pla n s ( l ) h a v in g e s ta b lis h e d fo rm u la s f o r the a llo c a tio n o f p r o f it s h a re s am ong e m p lo y e e s ; (2) w hose fo rm u la s w e re c o m m u n ic a te d to the e m plo yees in
advance o f the d e te r m in a tio n o f p r o f it s ; (3) th a t r e p r e s e n t a c o m m itm e n t by the c o m pany to m a k e p e r io d ic c o n tr ib u tio n s base d on p r o f it s ; and (4) in w h ic h e l ig i b il it y extends to a m a jo r it y o f the
p la n t and o ffic e w o rk e r s .
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to those in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; finance., in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to those in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for drafts­
man, secretary, and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain
salary information for more specific categories.

of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.

Secretary. The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A, B,
C, and D) classify these workers according to levels of responsibility. The
size of the organization and the scope of the supervisor's position are con­
sidered in distinguishing these levels. Data published under the composite
title of secretary are not comparable to data previously published.

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (classes A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, data presented for any of
these occupations are not comparable to data previously published.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead




20

The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
21

22

CLERK,

A C C O U N T I N G — C o n tin u e d

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK,

O R D E R — C o n tin u e d

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed m aterial.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

23
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—

C o n tin u e d

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source' document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

24

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or
e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class C
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
ejftension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

25

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E OPERATOR— Continued

SW ITC H B O A R D O P ER A TO R -R EC EPTIO N IST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
c le rical work m ay take the m ajor part of this worker's tim e while at
switchboard.

sp ecific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for exam p le, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

C lass A . Operates a variety of tabulating or e le ctrical account­
ing m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in m achine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagram s

and operating sequences of long and complex reports.

Does not

include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-m achine operators.

C lass B. Operates more difficult tabulating or e le ctrical account­
ing m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and m ay include the perform ance of some wiring from
diagram s. The woik typically involves, for exam p le, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but sm all
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.

Class C .
Operates sim ple tabulating or e lectrical accounting
m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from written
copy and do sim ple c le rical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied tech nical or specialized vocabulary such as le g al briefs or reports
on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to m ake copies of various m aterial or to make
May in­
clude typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating
processes. May do c le rical work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m ail.

out bills after calculations have been made by another person.

C lass A . Performs one or more of the following; Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e tc . , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables
to m aintain uniform ity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

C lass B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or c le ar drafts; routine typing of form s, insurance p olicies,
e t c . ; and setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

26

PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

A ND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse-who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
A ND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




27

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN TE N A N C E

HELPER, M A IN T E N A N C E TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps;, making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
e quipme nt.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

28

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs autom obiles, busetf, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipm ent and
perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipm ent in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and m aking necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
m otive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Woik involves m ost of the following: Exam ining m achines and m ech anical
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly dism antling
m achines and performing repairs that m ainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a
m achine shop or sending of the m achine to a m achine shop for m ajor
repairs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from m achine shop; reassem bling m achines; and
m aking all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex ­
perien ce. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new m achines or heavy equipm ent, and dism antles and
installs m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; m aking standard shop com putations re­
lating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipm ent, and
parts to be used; and installing and m aintaining in good order power
transmission equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the m illw right's work norm ally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves the follow ing; Knowledge of surface p ecu li­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
M ay m ix colors, oils, white lead , and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
m achine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; m aking standard shop com putations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and m aking standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plum bing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plum bing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum ber's snake. In general,
the work of the m aintenance plum ber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

29
TO O L A N D D IE M AKER— Continued

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R KER, M A IN TE N A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and m aintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
m ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sh eet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other
specifications; setting up and operating a ll available types of sh eet-m etal­
working m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out of work from m odels,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
m ents, understanding of the working properties of common m etals and
alloys; setting up and operating of m achine tools and related equipment;
m aking necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal parts during fabri­
cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assem bling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allow ances; and selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die m aker; jig m aker; tool maker; fixture m aker; gage m aker)
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work in­
CUSTODIAL

AND

MATERIAL

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers b e tw e e n flo o rs o f an o f f i c e b u ild in g , a p a rt­

ment house, departm ent store, hotel, or sim ilar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes g ate men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of em ployees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises O f an office, apartment house, or com m ercial




MOVEMENT

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.

D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f

the fo llo w in g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trimm ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various m aterials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m a­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

30
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and a p p ly in g labels o r entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer cap acity .)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Tmckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Tmckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Tmcker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request—

The sixth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1 46 9, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1 9 6 5 . 45 cents a copy.




j

Area Wage Surveys*
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g d a tes o f e a r lie r s tu d ie s , and the p r ic e s o f the b u lle tin s is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.
B u lletin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the Su perin ten den t o f D o cu m e n ts , U. S. G o v e rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ash ington, D. C . , 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l s a le s o f f ic e s show n on the in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lletin n u m ber
and p r ic e

A rea

B u lle tin n um ber
and p r ic e

A k ro n , O hio, June 1965___________________________________
A lbany—S ch e n e cta d y —T r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1966 1 _________
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M ex. , A p r . 1 9 6 6 1_____________________
A llen tow n — e th le h em — a ston , P a . — J. , F e b . 1966 *__
B
E
N.
A tlanta, G a. , M ay 1965___________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d. . N ov. 1 9 6 5 ______________________________
B ea u m on t—P o r t A rth u r— ra n g e , T e x . , M ay 1 9 6 6 1_____
O
B irm in g h a m , A la . , A p r . 1966____________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, July 1 9 6 5 _____________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., O ct. 1965 1 ______________________________

1 4 3 0 -7 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 3 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 2 ,

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
20
20
30

cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 6 --------------------------------------M i n n e a p o l i s — t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 6 -------------------S
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 5 _________
M
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b . 19 6 6 1 ______________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 19 6 6 1----------------------------------N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 ____________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y. , A p r . 1 9 6 5 1 ___________________________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 5 1 _____________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1 9 6 5 -------------------------------

1465-61,
1465-38,
1430-68,
1465-50,
1465-37,
1465-47,
1430-80,

20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

1430-77,
1465-5,

25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s

B u ffa lo , N. Y. , D e c . 1965-------------------------------------------------B u rlin g to n , V t. , M a r. 1966______________________________
Canton, O hio, A p r . 1966 1 _________________________________
C h a r le s to n , W. V a . , A p r . 1965__________________________
C h a r lo tte , N. C . , A p r . 1 9 6 6 1____________________________
C h atta n ooga , T en n. — a. , Sept. 1 9 6 5 ____________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 5 1 ------------------------------------------------C in cin n a ti, O h io— y. —
K
Ind. , M a r. 1966 1________________
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1965_____________________________
C o lu m b u s, O hio, O ct.
1965______________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., N ov. 1 9 6 5 __________________________________

1 4 6 5 -3 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 8 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 4 ,

25
20
25
20
25
20
30
25
25
25
25

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1 4 6 5 - 13,
1430-71,
1465-35,
1465-62,
1465-46,
1465-23,
1430-70,

25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

D a v e n p o rt—R o ck Islan d— olin e, Iow a—
M
111.,
O ct. 1965 __________________________________________________
D ayton , O hio, Jan. 1966 1 _________________________________
D e n v e r, C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 5 1 ______________________________
D es M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 1 9 6 6 1 ----------------------------------------D e tr o it, M ich . , Jan. 1966________________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x ., N ov. 1965____________________________
G re e n B ay, W is. , A ug. 1965______________________________
G r e e n v ille , S. C . , M ay 1965______________________________
H ou ston , T e x . , June 1965_________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., D e c . 1965 1___________________________

O m a h a , N e b r . — o w a , O c t . 1 9 6 5 1 ________________________
I
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 5 ---------------C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , N o v . 19 6 5 1-------------------------N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 19 6 6 1 --------------------------------------P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 6 6 _______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 6 5 1-------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 6 5 ______________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R . I . — a s s . ,
W
M
M a y 1 9 6 6 ___________________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , S e p t . 1 9 6 5 1 ---------------------------------------R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v . 1 9 6 5 1 _____________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 6 1 ------------------------------------------

1465-65,
1465-10,
1465-28,
1465-66,

25c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

1465- 16,
1 4 6 5 -3 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 9 ,
1 4 3 0 -8 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 1 ,

20
25
30
25
25
20
20
20
25
30

ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts

S t . L o u i s , M o . —111. , O c t . 1 9 6 5 ___________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , D e c . 1 9 6 5 _________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 19 6 5 1 ___________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
O
S e p t . 1 9 6 5 1________________________________________________
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 6 5 ____________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n . 196 6 1 -----------------O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 5 1 ------------------------------------S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 5 _________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , A u g . 1 9 6 5 1----------------------------------------S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , O c t . 19 6 5 * ---------------------------

1465-22,
1465-32,
1430-81,

25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

1465-20,
1465-21,
1465-43,
1465-19,
1430-64,
1465-3,
1465-9,

30 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1 4 6 5 -4 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 7 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 ,

25
20
30
20
20

cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

S i o u x F a l l s , S . D a k . , O c t . 1 9 6 5 1 _______________________
S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 19 6 6 1 ___________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 19 6 5 1 _____________________________
T o l e d o , O h io — i c h . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 __________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , D e c . 1 9 6 5 ________________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D. C . —M d . — a . , O c t . 1 9 6 5 ________________
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 6 6 * ---------------------------------W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 6 5 _______________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , O c t . 1 9 6 5 ________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1 9 6 5 ____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 1 ____________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n —W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 6 5 1 ---------------------

1465-17,
1465-55,
1430-79,
1465-49,
1465-34,
1465-14,
1465-52,
1465-18,
1465-11,
1430-76,
1465-40,
1465-25,

25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
20c e n ts
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

J a c k s o n , M is s . , F e b . 1966 1--------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v ille , F la . , Jan. 1966____________________________
K a n sa s C ity , M o . — a n s . , N ov. 1965 1 __________________
K
L a w re n ce — a v e r h ill, M a s s .— .H . , June 1965_________
H
N
L ittle R o ck — orth L ittle R o ck , A rk . , A ug. 1965______
N
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch and A n a h eim —
Santa A n a G a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif. , M a r. 1966 1
_____________________
L o u is v ille , K y . —
Ind. , F e b . 1966_________________________
L u b b o ck , T e x . , June 1 9 6 5 ________________________________
M a n c h e s te r , N. H. , Aug. 1965____________________________
M em ph i s , T enn. — r k . , J an. 1 9 6 6 1 _____________________
A
M ia m i, F la . , D e c . 1965 1_________________________________
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x ---------------—_____—_______------ -------

1 4 6 5 -5 9 , 30 cen ts
1 4 6 5 -5 1 , 20 cen ts
1 4 3 0 -7 3 , 20 ce n ts
1 4 6 5 -2 ,
20 ce n ts
1 4 6 5 -4 2 , 30 cen ts
1 4 6 5 -3 0 , 25 cen ts
(Not previously surveyed)

1 D ata on establishm ent practices and supplem entary wage provisions are also presented.
* B u lletins dated before July 1965 were e n title d "O ccu p a tio n a l Wage Surveys."