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Area Wage Survey

The Canton, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
June 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-65
August 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

Ben Burdetsky, Acting Commissioner

For sa le by th e S u p e rin ten d en t of D ocum ents, U .S . G o ve rn m en t Printin g O ffic e , W a s h in g to n , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 3 0 cents







C o n ten ts

P re fa c e

Page
The B ureau of Labor Statistics pro gram of annual
occupational wage su rvey s in m etropolitan areas is d e­
signed to provide data on occupational earnin gs, and e sta b ­
lish m en t p r a c tic e s and supplem entary wage p ro vision s.
It
y ie ld s detailed data by se le c te d industry division for each
of the a re a s studied, fo r geographic reg io n s, and fo r the
United States.
A m a jo r con sideration in the program is
the need fo r g re a te r insight into (1) the m ovem ent of w ages
by occupational c a teg ory and sk ill le v e l, and (2) the s tr u c ­
ture and le v e l of w ages am ong a reas and industry d iv isio n s.
At the end of each su rvey , an individual area b u l­
letin p r e se n ts su rvey re su lts fo r each area studied.
A fter
com p letion of a ll of the individual area bulletins for a
round of s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m ary bulletin is issu ed .
The fir s t part b rin g s data fo r each of the m etropolitan
a re a s studied into one b u lletin .
The second part presen ts
in form ation which has been projected fro m individual
m etro p o litan a re a data to relate to geographic regions and
the United States.

Introduction________________________________________________________________________
W age trends fo r selec ted occupational grou ps______________________________
T a b le s:
1.
2.

A.

B.
E ig h t y -s ix a re a s cu rren tly are included in the
p rogram .
In each a r e a , in form ation on occupational ea rn ­
ings is c o lle c te d annually and on establish m en t p ra ctices
and su pp lem entary wage p ro v isio n s biennially.
T h is bulletin p r e se n ts resu lts of the survey in
Canton, O h io, in June 1968.
The Standard M etropolitan
S ta tistic a l A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the Budget
through A p r il 1967, c o n sists of Stark County.
This study
w as conducted in the B u re a u 's region al office in C hicago,
111., T h o m a s J. M c A r d le , D ir e c to r .
The study was under
the gen eral d irection of W oodrow C . Linn, A ssista n t R e ­
gional D ir e c to r of O p era tio n s.




1
4

E stab lish m en ts and w o rk ers within scope of su rvey and
num ber studied__________________________________________________________
Indexes of standard w eek ly sa la r ie s and stra ig h t-tim e
hourly earnings fo r selected occupational g rou ps, and
p ercen ts of change for selec ted p e r io d s ___________________________

3

4

O ccupational ea rn in g s;*
A - 1. O ffice occupations— en and w om en__________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and1tech n ical occupations—m en and
wom en_____________________________________________________________
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe ssio n a l, and tech n ical occupations—
m en and w om en c o m b in ed ____________________________________
A - 4. M aintenance and powerplant occupations____________________
A - 5. C u stodial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t o ccu p a tio n s_____________

9
10
11

E stablish m en t p r a c tic e s and supplem entary wage p r o v is io n s ;*
B - l . M inim um entrance sa la r ie s for w om en office
w o r k e r s___________________________________________________________
B - 2 . Shift d iffe r e n tia ls ________________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled w eek ly h o u r s _________________________________________
B - 4 . Paid h olid ay s_____________________________________________________
B - 5. P aid v a c a tio n s ____________________________________________________
B - 6 . H ealth, in su ra n ce, and pension p lan s________________________
B - 7 . P r em iu m pay fo r o vertim e w o r k _____________________________

12
13
14
15
16
19
20

Appendix.

a r e a s.

O ccupational d e s c r ip tio n s _______________________________________

* NOTE:
S im ila r tabulations are available for other
(See inside back co v er.)

A cu rrent report on earnings
is a lso available for selec ted food
(June 1968).

in the Canton area
se rv ic e occupations

6
8

21




Area Wage Survey---The Canton, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
This a re a is 1 of 86 in which the U. S. D epartm ent of L a b o r 's
Bureau of Labor S ta tistics conducts su rveys of occupational earnings
and related b en efits on an areaw ide b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w ere
obtained by p e rso n a l v isits of Bureau field econ om ists to r e p r e ­
sentative esta b lish m en ts within six broad industry d iv isio n s: M anu­
factu rin g; tra n sp o rtation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilities;
w h o le sale trade; r e ta il trade; finance, in su ran ce, and real esta te; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r industry groups excluded fro m these studies are
governm ent o peration s and the construction and extractive in d u stries.
E stab lish m en ts having few er than a prescribed number of w o rk ers are
om itted becau se they tend to furnish insufficient em ploym ent in the
occupations studied to w a rra n t inclusion.
Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which m eet pub­
lication c r ite r ia .

allow ances and incentive earnings are included. W here w eekly hours
are rep o rte d , as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, re fe r e n c e is to the
standard workw eek (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which e m ­
ployees re c e iv e their regular stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (exclu sive of pay
for o vertim e at regular a n d /o r p rem iu m r a te s ). A v erag e w eekly ea rn ­
ings for these occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half dollar.
The a vera ge s p resen ted r e fle c t co m p o site, areaw ide e s t i­
m a tes.
Industries and esta b lish m en ts differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute d ifferen tly to the estim a te s for each job.
The pay relation sh ip obtainable fro m the a vera ge s m ay fail to reflect
a ccu rately the wage spread or differen tial m aintained among jobs in
individual e sta b lish m en ts.
S im ila r ly , d iffe re n ce s in average pay
le v e ls for m en and wom en in any of the selected occupations should
not be a ssu m ed to r e fle c t d iffe re n ce s in pay treatm ent of the sexes
within individual esta b lish m en ts.
Other p o ssib le fa cto rs which m ay
contribute to d iffe re n ce s in pay for m en and w om en include: D iffe r ­
ences in p r o g r e ssio n within esta b lish e d rate r a n g e s, since only the
actual rates paid incum bents are collected ; and d ifferen ces in specific
duties p e rfo rm e d , although the w o rk ers are c la s s ifie d appropriately
within the sam e su rvey job d escrip tion .
Job d escription s used in
cla ssify in g em p loy ees in these su rvey s are u su ally m ore generalized
than those used in individual esta b lish m en ts and allow for minor
d ifferen ces among esta b lish m en ts in the sp e c ific duties p erform ed .

T h ese su rv ey s a re conducted on a sam ple b asis b ecau se of
the u n n ec essa ry c o s t involved in surveying a ll esta b lish m en ts.
To
obtain optim um a cc u ra c y at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of
la rg e than of s m a ll esta b lish m en ts is studied.
In com bining the data,
h ow ev er, a ll esta b lish m en ts a re given their appropriate weight.
E s­
tim a tes based on the e sta b lish m en ts studied are presen ted, th e re fo re ,
as rela tin g to a ll esta b lish m en ts in the industry grouping and a re a ,
except for those below the m in im u m size studied.
O ccupations and E arnings

Occupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep rese n t the total in
all esta blish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the number
actu ally su rveyed .
B ecau se of d iffe re n ce s in occupational structure
among e sta b lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent ob­
tained fro m the sam ple of esta blish m en ts studied se r v e only to indicate
the rela tiv e im portance of the jo b s studied.
T h ese differen ces in
occupational structure do not affect m a te r ia lly the accu racy of the
earnings data.

The occupations se le c te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in du stries, and a re of the
follow in g typ es: (1) O ffice C lerical; (2) pro fessio n al and technical;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (4) custodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a uniform set of job
d e sc rip tio n s d esign ed to take account of in terestab lish m en t variation
in duties within the sam e jo b .
The occupations selec ted for study
a re listed and d e sc rib e d in the appendix.
The earnings data follow ing
the job titles a re fo r a ll in d u stries com bined.
Earnings data for som e
of the occupations listed and d e sc rib e d , or for som e industry division s
within occupations , a re not presen ted in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s, because
either (1) em p loy m en t in the occupation is too sm a ll to provide enough
data to m e r it p resen ta tio n , or (2) there is p o ssibility of d isc lo su re
of individual esta b lish m en t data.

E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is presen ted (in the B - s e r i e s tables) on selected
esta blish m en t p ra ctic e s and supplem entary wage p ro vision s as they
relate to plant and office w o r k e r s.
A d m in istra tiv e, execu tive, and
p ro fessio n a l e m p lo y e e s, and construction w o rk ers who are utilized
as a separate work fo r c e are excluded.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " include
working fo rem en and all non su p ervisor y w ork ers (including lead m en and train ees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
"O ffic e w o r k e r s "
include working su p e rv iso r s and n on su p erviso ry w o rk ers perform ing
c le ric a l or related functions.
C afeteria w o rk ers and routem en are
excluded in m anufacturing in d u stries, but included in nonmanufacturing
in d u str ie s.

O ccu pation al em p loym en t and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e. , those hired to work a regular w eek ly schedule
in the given occupational c la ssific a tio n .
Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and for work on w eekends, h olid ay s, and
late sh ifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t -o f -liv in g




1

2
M inim um entrance s a la r ie s for wom en office w o rk ers (table
B - l ) relate only to the e sta b lish m en ts v isite d . B ecau se of the optim um
sam pling techniques u sed , and the p robab ility that la rg e e s ta b lis h ­
m ents are m o re lik e ly to have fo r m a l entrance rates for w o rk ers
above the s u b c le r ic a l le v e l than s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts, the table is
m o r e -r e p r e s e n ta tiv e of p o lic ie s in m edium and la rg e esta b lish m e n ts.
Shift d ifferen tial data (table B -2 ) are lim ite d to plant w o rk ers
in m anufacturing in d u stries.
This in form ation is presen ted both in
te r m s of (1) esta b lish m en t p o l i c y ,1 presen ted in te r m s of total plant
w orker em p loy m en t, and (2) effectiv e p r a c tic e , p resen ted in te r m s of
w o rk e rs actu ally em ployed on the sp e cified shift at the tim e of the
su rvey .
In esta b lish m en ts having v aried d iffe re n tia ls, the amount
applying to a m a jo r ity was u sed o r , if no amount applied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s ific a tio n "o t h e r " w as u sed. In esta b lish m en ts in which so m e
la te -s h ift hours are paid at n orm al r a t e s , a differen tial was rec o rd e d
only if it applied to a m a jo r ity of the shift h ou rs.
The scheduled w eek ly hours (table B -3 ) of a m a jo r ity of the
fi r s t -s h i ft w o rk ers in an esta b lish m en t are tabulated as applying to
a ll of the plant or o ffice w o rk ers of that esta b lish m en t.
Scheduled
w eekly hours are those which fu ll-tim e em p loy ees w ere expected to
w o rk , whether they w ere paid for at stra ig h t-tim e or o vertim e r a te s .
Paid h olidays; paid vacation s; health, in su ra n ce, and pension
plan s; and prem iu m pay for o vertim e work (tables B - 4 through B -7 )
are treated sta tistic a lly on the b a sis that these are applicable to all
plant or o ffice , w o rk ers if a m a jo rity of such w o rk ers are elig ib le or
m ay eventually qualify for the p r a c tic e s listed .
Sum s of individual
item s in tables B - 2 through B -7 m ay not equal totals b ecau se of
rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4 ) are lim ite d to data on h o li­
days granted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i .e ., (1) are provided for
in w ritten fo r m , or ( Z) have been esta b lish ed by cu stom .
H olidays
o rd in a rily granted are included even though they m ay fa ll on a non­
w orkday and the w orker is not granted another day off.
The fir s t
part of the paid holidays table p rese n ts the number of whole and half
holidays actu ally granted. The second part com bines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday t im e .

Data on health, in su ra n ce, and pen sion plans (table B -6 ) in ­
clude those plans for which the em p lo y er pays at le a st a part of the
c o st. Such plans include those u n derw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in surance
com pany and those provided through a union fund or paid d ir e c tly by
•the em p loyer out of current operating funds or fr o m a fund set aside
for this purpose.
An esta b lish m en t w as con sid e red to have a plan
if the m a jo rity of em p loyees w e re e lig ib le to be c ov ered under the
plan, even if le s s than a m a jo r ity elec ted to p a rticipate b eca u se e m ­
ploy ees were requ ired to contribute tow ard the co st of the plan. L e ­
g ally required p lan s, such as w o r k m e n 's com p en sation , s o cia l s e ­
cu rity, and railroa d retire m e n t w e re exclu ded.
Sickness and accident in su ran ce is lim ite d to that type of
insurance under which p red eterm in ed cash paym en ts are m ade d ire c tly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a s is during illn e s s or accident
d isa b ility.
Inform ation is p resen ted for a ll such plans to which the
em p loy er contributes. H ow ever, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , which
have enacted tem p o ra ry d isa b ility in su ran ce law s which req u ire e m ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,2 plans are included only if the em p loy er (1) con­
tributes m ore than is le g a lly r e q u ire d , or (2) p ro vid es the em p loyee
with benefits which exceed the req u ire m e n ts of the law . Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are lim ite d to fo r m a l p lan s3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w o r k e r 's pay during absen ce fr o m work
b ecau se of illn e s s .
Separate tabulations are p resen ted accord in g to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no w aiting p e rio d , and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a w aiting p erio d .
In addition to
the presentation of the proportion s of w o r k e r s who are provided
sick n ess and accident insurance or paid sick le a v e , an unduplicated
total is shown of w ork ers who r e c e iv e either or both types of b en efits.

Catastrophe in su ran ce, s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as m ajor m e d ­
ical insurance, includes those plans which are design ed to protect
em p loy ees in case of sick n ess and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp ita liza tio n , m e d ic a l, and su r g ic a l plan s.
M ed ical insurance r e fe r s to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d o c to rs' fe e s .
Such plans m ay be underw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l insurance com panies or nonprofit o rgan ization s or they m ay
be paid for by the em ployer out of a fund set aside for this pu rpose.
Tabulations of retirem en t pension plans are lim ite d to those plans
that provide regular paym ents fo r the rem ain d e r of the w o r k e r 's life .

The su m m a ry of vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ite d to a
sta tistic a l m ea su re of vacation p r o v isio n s.
It is not intended as a
m ea su re of the proportion of w o rk ers actu ally receiv in g sp e c ific b en e­
fits . P r o v isio n s of an esta b lish m en t for all lengths of se r v ic e w ere
tabulated as applying to all plant or office w o rk ers of the e s ta b lis h ­
m en t, r e g a r d le s s of length of s e r v ic e .
P ro v isio n s for paym ent on
other than a tim e b a sis w ere converted to a tim e b a s is ; for ex a m p le,
a paym ent of 2 percent of annual earnings was con sidered as the eq u iv­
alent of 1 w e ek 's pay. E stim a te s exclude v a c a tio n -sa v in g s plans and
those which offer "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t ic a l" benefits beyond b asic
plans to w o rk ers with qualifying lengths of s e r v ic e . T y p ical of such
exclu sion s are plans in the s te e l, alum inum , and can in d u stries.

Data on overtim e p rem iu m pay (table B - 7 ) , the hours after
which prem iu m pay is rec eiv ed and the corresp o n d in g rate of pay, are
p resen ted by daily and w eekly p r o v is io n s .
D aily o v ertim e r e fe r s to
work in ex cess of a specified num ber of hours a day r e g a r d le s s of
the number of hours w orked on other days of the pay p erio d . W eekly
overtim e r e fe r s to work in e x c e s s of a sp e c ifie d num ber of hours
per week re g a rd le ss of the day on which it is p e rfo r m e d , the num ber
of hours per day, or number of days w orked .

1
A n establishm ent was considered as having a p o lic y if
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the survey, or (2 ) had
late shifts. An establishm ent was considered as having form al provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.

written,




it m et either o f the fo llo w in g
The temporary disability laws in C aliforn ia and R hode Island do not require em ployer
form al provisions coverin g
contributions.
i f it (1 ) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if it established at least the
written form for operating
m inim um number o f days o f sick leave a vailable to each em p lo y e e .
Such a plan need not be
but inform al sick leave

allow ances,

determ ined on an individual basis, were

exclu d ed .

Table 1.

Establishments and Workers Within Scope of Survey and Number Studied in Canton, Ohio, 1 by Major Industry Division, 2 June 1968
N u m b er of esta b lish m en ts

In dustry d iv isio n

M in im um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in scope
of study

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts
W ithin scope of study

Within scope
of stu d y 3

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

Plant
N u m ber

P ercen t

T o t a l4

222

93

7 4 ,9 0 0

100

5 6 ,0 0 0

8 ,8 0 0

5 9 ,2 9 0

-

115
107

52
41

5 8 ,7 0 0
1 6 ,2 0 0

78
22

4 6 ,0 0 0
1 0 ,0 0 0

5, 700
3, 100

4 9 ,2 5 0
1 0 ,0 4 0

50
50
50
50
50

15
22
48
13
9

9
5
15
6
6

4 , 500
1 ,9 0 0
7, 000
1 ,9 0 0
900

6
3
9
3
1

2, 500

800

4, 080
650
3, 480
1, 190
640

A l l d i v i s i o n s ______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 _________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ___________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e -------------S ervices 8
_ . __
___ _

O ffice

50

(6)
( 6)
( ?)
(6)

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)

1 The Canton Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as defined by the B ureau of the Budget through A p r il 19 67 , c o n sists of Stark County.
The "w o r k e r s within scope of stud y" estim a tes
shown in this tab le provide a re a so n a b ly a ccu rate d esc rip tio n of the size and c o m p osition of the lab or fo r c e included in the su rv e y . The e s tim a te s are not intended, h ow ever, to ser v e as a b a sis
of c o m p a r iso n with other e m p loym en t in dexes for the area to m e a su r e em ploym en t trend s or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age su rv e y s re q u ir e s the u se of e sta b lish m en t data co m p iled con sid erab ly
in advance of the p a y r o ll p eriod stu d ied , and (2) sm a ll estab lish m en ts are excluded fr o m the scope of the su rv e y .
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C la ssific a tio n Manual w as u sed in c la ssify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in du stry d ivision .
3 In cludes all esta b lish m e n ts with total em ploym en t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll outlets (within the area) of com p anies in such in d u stries as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto rep air se r v ic e ,
and m otion p ictu re th e a te rs are c o n sid e r e d as 1 estab lish m en t.
4 In clud es ex e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o rk ers excluded fr o m the sep arate plant and o ffice c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tran sp ortation w ere exclu ded.
6 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e stim a te s for " a l l in d u str ie s" and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and for " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s. Sep arate presen tation
of data for this d iv isio n is not m ade for one or m o re of the follow ing r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p loym en t in the d iv isio n is too sm a ll to provide enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sam p le was
not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te p resen tation , (3) ..resp onse w as in su fficien t or inadequate to p erm it sep arate p resen ta tio n , and (4) there is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e of individual
e sta b lish m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m this en tire in d u stry d ivision are rep resen ted in e stim a te s for " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r ea l estate p ortion only in estim ates
for " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
Separate p resen tation of data for this d ivision is not m ade for one or m o r e of the reason s given in footnote 6 above.
8 H o tels and m o t e ls ; la u n d ries and other p erson al s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ; autom obile r e p a ir , ren ta l, and parking; m otion p ic tu r e s; nonprofit m e m b e r sh ip organ ization s (excluding
r e lig io u s and ch a rita b le o r g a n iza tio n s); and engineering and arch itectu ral s e r v ic e s .




About fo u r-fifth s of the w o r k e r s within scope of the su rv e y in the Canton a r e a w ere
em ployed in m anufacturing f ir m s .
The follow in g table p r e se n ts the m a jo r in du stry groups
and sp ec ific in du stries as a p ercen t of all m an ufacturin g:
S p e cific in d u strie s

Industry groups
P r im a r y m etal in d u s tr ie s -------M a c h in ery , except e le c tr ic a l—
F a b ric a te d m e tal p r o d u c ts ____
Food and kindred p r o d u c ts ____
Rubber and p la stic s p rod u cts_
E le c t r ic a l equipment and
su p p lie s--------------------------------------Stone, clay, and gla ss
p r o d u c ts--------------------------------------

36
22
9
6
6
5
5

B la st furn ace and b a sic ste e l
p r o d u c ts_________________________
G e n e ra l in du strial
m ach in ery _______________________
Iron and ste e l fou n d ries________
M isc e lla n e o u s p r im a r y m e ta l
p r o d u c ts _________________________
F a b r ic a te d rubber p rod u cts___
H ousehold a p p lia n c e s -----------------

23
13
7
6
5
5

This in form ation is b a sed on e stim a te s of total em ploym en t d eriv e d fr o m u n ive rse
m a te r ia ls com p iled p rior to actual su rv e y .
P ro p o rtio n s in v a rio u s in du stry d iv ision s m ay
d iffer fr o m p roportion s b ased on the r e su lts of the su rv e y as shown in table 1 above.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P rese n te d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen ta ges of change
in a vera ge s a la r ie s of office c le r ic a l w o rk ers and in d u stria l n u r s e s ,
and in avera ge earnings of selected plant w ork er g ro u p s. The indexes
are a m ea su re o f w ages at a given tim e, e x p r e sse d as a percen t of
w ages during the b ase period (date of the a re a su rvey conducted
between July I960 and June 1 9 6 l).
Subtracting 100 fr o m the index
yie ld s the percen tage change in w ages fr o m the b ase perio d to the
date of the index.
The p ercen ta ges of change or in c re a se relate to
wage changes between the indicated d a tes.
T h ese e stim a te s are
m e a s u re s of change in a v era g e s for the a re a ; they are not intended
to m ea su re a verage pay changes in the esta b lish m en ts in the a re a.
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. T h ese constant w eigh ts r e fle c t b a se y ear
em ploym ents w h erever p o s s ib le .
The a vera ge (m ean) earnin gs fo r
each occupation were m ultiplied by the occupational weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group w e re totaled. The a g g re g a te s
for 2 consecutive y ea rs w ere rela te d

by

dividing

the

a gg re ga te for

the la te r year by the aggregate for the e a r lie r y e a r .
The resu ltan t
re la tiv e , le s s 100 percen t, shows the percen ta ge change. The index
is the product of m ultiplying the b ase y e a r rela tiv e (100) by the rela tiv e
for the next succeeding year and continuing to m u ltip ly (com pound)
each y e a r ’ s relative by the p rev iou s y e a r 's index.
A v e r a g e earnin gs
for the follow ing occupations w ere u sed in com puting the wage tre n d s:

Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group was a ssig n ed a weight based on its proportionate em ploym ent
O ffic e c le r ic a l (men and w om en):
B ook keeping-m ach ine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
C om ptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffic e boys and girls

Table 2.

O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en )—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T abu latin g-m ach in e operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

S k illed m aintenance (m en ):
Carpenters
E lectricians
M achinists
M echanics
M echanics (a u tom otive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die makers
U nskilled plant (m en ):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

Industrial nurses (m en and w om en):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes o f Standard W eekly Salaries and Straight-T im e Hourly Earnings for S elected O ccupational Groups in Canton, O hio,
June 1968 and A pril 1967, and Percents o f C h an ge1 for Selected Periods
Indexes
(D e ce m b e r 1960=100)

Industry and occu pation al group
June 1968

April 1967

Percents o f change 1
A pril 1967
to
Tune 1968

A pril 1966
to
April 1967

April 1965
to
April 1966

April 1964
to
April 1965

April 1963
to
April 1964

0 .3
5 .0
.9
1. 5

A ll industries:
O ffice cle r ic a l (m en and w o m e n ) --------Industrial nurses (m e n and w o m e n ) ------S killed m aintenance (m e n )-------------------U nskilled plant ( m e n ) ----------------------------

119. 5
130. 7
121. 1
120 .2

1 1 2 .7
119 .8
1 1 7 .4
1 1 4 .0

6 .0
9. 1
3. 2
5 .4

2 .5
5 .5
3 .2
2 .8

1 .6
1 .9
6. 2
4. 1

2 .5
.9
1.3
1.1

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n ) -------Industrial nurses (m e n and w o m e n ) ------S k illed m aintenance ( m e n ) -----------------U nskilled plant ( m e n ) ----------------------------

118. 2
130 .2
120. 7
117. 3

2 1 1 2 .4
1 19 .8
117 .2
113. 5

5 .2
8. 7
3 .0
3. 3

2 2 .5
5 .5
3.1
2 .9

2. 5
1 .9
6. 5
3 .9

2 .2
1 .4
1.3
1 .4

1 Unless otherwise indicated, all changes are increases.
2 R evised estim ate.
2 This declin e largely reflects em p loyee turnover within and betw een h igh - and lo w -w a g e establishments rather than wage decreases.




3-.
4.
.
.

5
5
7
5

May 1962
to
A pril 1963

D e ce m b e r 1960 D ecem b er 1959
to
to
May 1962
D ecem b er 1960

0. 3
1. 5
1. 2
.8

5 .0
3 .6
3. 5
3. 1

1 .7
2 .7
3. 1
3 .5

3-. 3
1. 5
1 .0
.7

5 .4
3 .6
3. 6
3. 4

1 .4
2. 7
3 .3
3 .4

5
F o r o ffice c le r ic a l w o rk ers and industrial n u rse s, the wage
trends rela te to reg u lar w eek ly sa la r ie s for the n orm al workw eek,
ex c lu siv e of earnin gs for o v ertim e .
F o r plant w orker grou ps, they
m e a su re changes in a verage stra ig h t-tim e hourly ea rn in g s, excluding
p rem iu m pay for o v ertim e and for work on w eekends, h olid ay s, and
late sh ifts. The p e rce n ta ge s are based on data for selec ted key o ccu ­
pations and include m o st of the n u m erica lly im portant jo b s within
each group.

Changes in the labor fo rce can cause in c re a se s or d e c re a se s in the
occupational a vera ges without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all esta blish m en ts in an a rea gave wage in c r e a s e s ,
average w ages m ay have declined becau se lo w e r-p a y in g establish m en ts
entered the a rea or expanded their w ork fo r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ages
m ay have rem ain ed r e la tiv e ly constant, yet the a vera ge s for an area
m ay have r ise n con siderab ly becau se h igh er-payin g establish m en ts
entered the a re a .

L im ita tio n s of Data
The indexes and percen tages of change, as m e a su re s of
change in a re a a v e r a g e s , are influenced by:
(l) gen eral sa la r y and
wage ch an ges, (Z) m e r it or other in c re a se s in pay receiv ed by indi­
vidual w o rk e rs w hile in the sam e jo b , and (3) changes in average
w ages due to changes in the labor force resulting fr o m labor turn­
o v e r , fo rc e ex p a n sion s, fo r c e redu ction s, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o rk e rs em p loyed by establish m en ts with differen t pay le v e ls .




The use of constant em ploym ent weights elim in a tes the effect
of changes in the proportion of w o rk ers rep resen ted in each job in­
cluded in the data.
The percen tages of change r e fle c t only changes
in average pay for stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work sch ed u les, as such, or by p rem iu m pay
for o v ertim e . W here n e c e s s a r y , data w ere adjusted to rem ove fro m
the indexes and p ercen tages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the su rvey.

6
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , C a n ton , O h io, June 1968)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number of w ork ers receiving straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of —
$

55
M ean 2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$

$

60

$

$

65

70

t

75

1

%

80

85

t

i

90

95

$

$
100

105

$
110

t
115

$
120

$

125

J

$

13C

135

i

$

1 40

1 45

$

150

and
under

1 55

and

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 10L 1 1 5

100

105

2

1
1

-

-

1

-

4
4

_

_

-

1
1

-

95

120

1 25

130

135

140

lf45

150

155

ov e-

2
2

17
14

6
6

7
5

6
6

9
9

21
21

1
1

10
8

HEN
CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

88
79

CLERKS*

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0

$
$
$
1 3 8 . CO 1 2 3 . 5 0 - 1 4 7 . 5C
1 4 0 . CO 1 2 4 . 0 0 - 1 4 7 . 5 0

---------------------------------------------

43

3 9 .5

1 1 1 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

38
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------------------------------

26

4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS *
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

29
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0

42

4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0

6 9 . CO

6 7 .0 0 -

8 3 .0 0

6 5 .0 0 -

ORDER

9 5 . CO
1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0
7 9 . CO

-

-

9 2 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

2
2

7 1 .0 0 -

9 7 . CO

9 4 .0 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

-

-

18

_

3
3

3
3

2

6

-

2

2

4

-

4

2
2

1
1

9
9

5
5

4
4

3
3

_

-

-

7
7

-

1

5

5

3

-

-

4

5

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2

1
1

9
9

3
3

1
1

-

—

-

~

3
2

—

~

3
3

—

~

1
1

1

“

4
3

-

"

“

“

1

25

1

3

4

2

6

~

WOMEN

BIL LE RS, MACHINE (B ILLIN G
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------

62

3 9 .5

7 5 .5 0

7 2 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

108
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0

8 6 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

254
156
98

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 6 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ---------------------------pA N U rfltlU K IN b
—

66

3 9 .5
*»u.u

7 5 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

100
90

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

62
59

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

8 5 .0 0

-

16

10

11

6

4

6

3

4

2

7 4 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

_

_

11

5
2

9
4

7
4

8
4

13
12

2
2

5
3

4
3

4
4

1
1

1
1

_

-

-

16
4

_

-

20
4

1
1

1
1

8 1 . CO
9 C .5 0
7 3 .5 0

7 1 . 5 0 - 9 7 .0 0
7 7 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
6 8 . 5 0 - 7 9 .5 0

-

6
1
5

48
20
28

38
14
24

31
12
19

20
9
11

28
22
6

10
8
2

23
21
2

8
7

5
5

10
10

7
7

10
10

—

3
3

7
7

_
-

_
-

—

—

7 4 . CO

7 1 .5 0 71 c n _
f 3*

_

1
1

7

31

10

10

4

_

3

'

°

9 3 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

9 1 . CO
9 1 . CO

7 5 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
7 4 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

_

7
7

2
2

16
16

8
5

5
4

9
9

15
12

3
2

6
6

4
3

14
13

2
2

-

5
5

3
3

1
1

_

_

-

-

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

8 3 .5 0
8 3 . CO

7 8 .0 0 7 7 .0 0 -

5
5

8
8

5
5

19
19

4
4

11
9

5
4

2
2

1
1

1
1

_

1
1

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

“

72
58

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

9 3 . CO
9 3 . CO

8 5 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

1
1

9
9

6
4

12
9

12
9

8
7

8
6

5
3

4
3

4
4

2
2

-

-

“

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

215
1 28
87

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 0 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

7 7 . CO
8 1 . CO
7 4 .5 0

7 1 .5 0 7 2 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 -

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES3-------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

438
277
161

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 7 . CO
9 8 .5 0

17
7
10

3
3
“

-

_

10
9
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

91
64
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

1 0 7 .5 0
9 7 . 5 0 - 1 2 2 . CO
1 1 5 .5 0 1 0 3 .5 0 - 1 2 4 .0 0
9 4 . CO
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

-

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




* '

'

' •,u

8 C .5 0
on 1 U
cn
o
5

9 3 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

8 6 .0 0
9 C .0 0
7 9 .5 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0

-

1

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

~

1
l

2
2

12
7
5

20
10
10

60
26
34

34
15
19

29
22
7

21
15
6

8
6
2

7
5
2

18
16
2

2
2

_
-

_

2

-

-

-

-

2

20
10
1C

14
4
10

36
9
27

43
33
10

24
15
9

45
26
19

51
29
22

47
35
12

29
20
9

33
27
6

32
25
7

21
15
6

11
10
1

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

13
2
11

1
1

5
1
4

6
6

15
8
7

11
7
4

6
6

4
4

16
15
1

6
6

5
5

-

~

~
_

_

“

~

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Canton, Ohio, June 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

$

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

55

60

WOMEN -

SECRETARIES1 3
2

$

60

and
u n d er

$

65
_

65

$

70
~

70

$

I

75

$

80

~

75

85
_

80

$

$

90

$

95

-

$

1 00

105

_

-

I

110

$

115

_

-

$

120

i

125

5

13C

$

135

$

140

$

145

$ $
---- --150

155

155

over

_

85

90

95

1 00

1 05

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

-

4
3
1

13
11
2

5
1
4

23
9
14

12
11
1

17
14
3

9
?
2

22
18
4

15
9
6

5
5
-

6
5
1

11
3
8

2

15
5
10

14
4
10

19
4
15

28
21
7

14
13
1

16
11
5

22
10
12

19
14
5

13
6
7

3
3
-

1
1
-

8
2
6

-

43
28
15

37
33
4

47
30
17

34
18
16

15
10
5

6
6
-

24
15
9

2
2
-

5
2
3

6
5
1

7
4
3

3

1

-

3

1

11
7

17
15

7
7

24
20

21
21

23
23

17

13

11

11

11

5

4

5
4

1

1

2

145

150

11

CONTINUED

CONTINUED
$

1 1 1 .0 0 1 0 9 . 5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 H C . 50
1 1 1 .00 1 0 7 . 5 0

SECRET ARIES* CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

152
1 06
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

176
94
82

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

94.
95.
8 8 . CO

CO
8 3 .5 0 8 7 .5 0 CO
7 9 .5 0 -

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

254
160
94

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

7 7 .5 0
7 7 . CO
7 8 .5 0

6 9 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 6 7 .0 0 -

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING ---------

162
146

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

9 C .5 0
9 1 . CO

8 1 .0 0 8 2 .0 0 -

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

44
33

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 4 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

7 4 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

6 9 .0 0 1 1 C .5 0
6 7 . 0 0 - 9 0 .0 0

6
6

7
7

11
10

1
-

3
2

SWITCHBOARD 0PE R A T 0R -R E C E PT IC N IST SMANUF ACTURI NG —

82
70

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 2 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

82.
8 3 . CO

CO
7 4 .5 0 7 8 .0 0 -

9
1

4
2

9
9

ll
10

24
24

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A
MANUFACTURING

98
77

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

9 C .5 0
9 4 . CO

7 9 .0 0 8 1 .0 0 -

7
7

7
5

13
5

15
13

1 07
82
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

68.
69.
6 4 . CO

6 3 .5 0 CO
CO
6 4 .5 0 6 2 .0 0 -

26
24

21
20

6
5

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING ----NCNMANUFACTURING

4
4
-

9 7 . 5 0 " 1 2 2 . C0
9 9 .5 0 1 2 1 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 1 2 3 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
8 7 . CO
8 7 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

2
-

1
-

1

23
7
16

1 C 1 .C 0
1 C 0 .5 0

9 3 .0 0
9 4 . CO
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

4
4

35
19
16

2

1

-

1

4
3

1

16
1

9
9
7
6
3

1

2

6
4
2

1
1

1

2

9
9

1
1

9
9

10
6

1
1

2
2

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

7
7

4

6
5
6
6

16
16

1

-

-

1

3 - 2
3 - 2

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y tota lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T he m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
than the r a t e sh ow n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the ra te show n.
T he m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f pay; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n le s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than
the h ig h e r r a t e .
* M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C a n ton , O h io, June 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
{ standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

T
T

,

L in d e r

$
80

$

80
and
u n d er

__________ 85

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
1 6 5 .0 0 1 6 2 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0 1 6 2 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4-

1 50
1 18
32
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 5 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0

1 4 7 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0
1 5 5 . CO

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING —

128
99

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0

1 1 8 .5 0 1 0 3 . 5 0 1 2 4 . CO 1 0 6 . 5 0 -

49
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 0 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

68

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS
MANUFACTURING -

8 9 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

$

85
_

I

90
_

95
_

I

100
_

$

1 05
_

I

110
_

$

115
_

_

$

$

12C
_

$

125

1 30

95

100

105

1 10

115

120

125

1 30

$

140

-

5
5

2
2

2
2

9 5 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

-

5
5

1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0

-

-

10
8

15
9

-

1
1

-

-

—

9
5
11
7

4
1

-

14
5
2
2

2
2
-

12
9

-

7
5

2
2
-

13
10

6
5
1
1
7
5

$

$

145 15C

|

~ 1

$

|

155

16C

1 65

170

175

1 60

1 65

170

175 o v e r

24
22

18
15

an d
135

140

145

2
2

1 3 3 .0 0 1 5 7 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 9 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 1 6 1 .0 0

8 5 .0 0 8 4 .0 0 -

135

_
~

90

$

_

$
$
1 5 8 .0 0 -1 7 1 .0 0
1 5 7 .5 0 -1 7 0 .5 0

78
69

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

i

18
16
2
2

15
14
1
1

8
6

5
5

11
10
1
1

1 50 155

1
1
9
6
3
2

18
17

10
8

*»
4

4
4

3
3
26
16
10
5

15
13
2
1

19
13
6
6

12
1C
2
2

10
9
11
7
4
4

5
5

15
312
2
1

4
4
-

_
-

-

11
11

5
5

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1
to th e s e
2
3
4

67

1 2 9 .5 0 1 1 3 . 5 0 - 1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 9 . CO 1 1 3 . 5 0 - 1 3 3 .5 0

-

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s
w e e k ly h o u r s .
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s :
5 at $ 1 7 5 to $ 1 8 0 ; 4 at $ 1 8 0 to $ 1 8 5 ; and 3 at $ 2 0 0 to $ 2 0 5 .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




2
2

4
4

3
3

10
10

3
3

4
4

23
22

2
2

(e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Canton, Ohio, June 1968)
Average

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
[standard) (standard)

OF FI CE OCCUPATIONS!
BIL LE RS,

MACHINE

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

(B IL L IN G

$
7 5 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING— PACHINE OPERATORS ,
CLASS B
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------

-------------------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------

-

Number
of
workers

—
CLERKS, PAYROLL —
-------------— —
— -----------—
rMli vi HU lU Al D
iU
lU r t IfcK l.rcK fl 1U K b ---------------------------P TA N U rAU U K irib-----

L U flt '

v c vYrUiNV/n
r t o iiK ir u

LLAbb

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,
liAAlllCArTKOT N r*
W A N U r A v lU H I M
b

CONTINUED
4 0 .0

$
8 1 .5 0

SECRETARIES1 --------------------------------------------------------------2
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

438
277
161

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

62

3 9 .5

7 5 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------- — — ---------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

91
64
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

187
100

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 9 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------- —
---------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

152
1 06
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0

27

4 0 .0

7 7 .5 0

67

3 9 .5

9 9 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

176
94
82

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

1 38

3 9 .5

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------- -------------------—
----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

254
160
94

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

63
59

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 5 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------- —
MANUFACTURING ------ ------ ------ ------ -------------

163
147

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

44
33

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 4 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

82
70

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 2 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

73
59

40 0
4 0 .0

9 4 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING —
----—
------ — -------------

129
87

39 5
IQ C
4 0 .0

8 2 .6 0
7 6 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ —
------

A verage
N um ber

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1

e a rn in g s 1

(sta n d a rd )

w orkers

jOFFICE OCCUPATIONS 41

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




W e e k ly
e a rn in g s 1
(sta n d a rd )

196
129

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
(sta n d a rd )

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS --------------------------------------

-------

CLERKS, ORDER --------------- —
rwiTur mu, i urv i itu

nOCOATOOC f
U r L K A lu n d
MANUFACTURING -----

A verage

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

( s ta n d a r d )

W e e k ly

CONTINUED

ITABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------1
T Y P IS T S , CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

40
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

102
81

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B --------------------------------------|
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------|
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 07
82
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

79
70

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 4 .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES)3----------------------------

1 55
123
32
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 5 . 5D
1 4 4 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

132
101

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

63
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 0 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

72
71

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

PR OFESSIONAL AN0 TECHNICAL
OCCUPA TI ON S

(e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m

ra te s),

and the e a r n in g s

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Canton, Ohio, June 1968)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 1

$
2 .4 0

M ean 2

M edian 2

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

*
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

$
1 ------- $
3 .8 0 3 . 9 0 4 .C C

$
4 .1 0

$
4 .2 0

4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

$
4 .8 0

2 .5 0

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

over

-

-

-

2
2

-

11
-

14
8

4
3

11
11

9
9

29
29

1
1

3
3

1
1

~

~

5
5

2
2

_

_

-

-

6
6

2
2

18
18

39
39

33
33

121
119

17
15

1 56
1 54

10
9

21
21

6
6

20
20

3
3

_

6
6

12
10

11
11

-

-

~

4
4

-

-

4
4

-

-

11
11

-

-

5
5

_

1
1

13
13

27
27

8
8

7
7

4
4

15

20

55
7
7

_

-

_

U n der
$
and
2 . 4 0 u n d er

Middle range2

CARPENTERS » MAINTENANCE ~
MANUFACTURING ------------------

92
7A

$
3 .3 1
3 .3 9

$
3 .3 5
3 .4 2

$
3 .0 7 3 .2 5 -

$
3 .4 6
3 .4 8

ELECTRICIAN S, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ------------------

A6A
A5A

3 .5 7
3 .5 6

3 .5 4
3 .5 2

3 .4 1 3 .4 1 -

3 .6 7
3 .6 7

_

_

-

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

63
60

3 .5 4
3 .5 6

3 .4 8
3 .4 9

3 .3 4 3 .3 4 -

3 .7 5
3 .7 7

1
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

66
66

3 .0 4
3 .0 4

3 .0 5
3 .0 5

2 .9 8 2 .9 8 -

3 .1 4
3 .1 4

_

_

_

-

2
2

-

4
4

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES --------------

1 89

2 .8 5

2 .8 0

2 .7 2 -

3 .0 2

4

9

11

12

60

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TCCLPOCM —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1 86
1 86

4 .0 2
4 .0 2

4 .4 5
4 .4 5

3 . 3 0 - 4 .5 6
3 .3 C - 4 .5 6

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

399
397

3 .6 2
3 .6 2

3 .6 4
3 .6 4

3 .4 9 3 .5 C -

3 .6 8
3 .6 8

_

_

-

“

5
5

2
2

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3----------------------------

155
95
60
55

3 .2 5
3 .3 5
3 .0 9
3 .0 9

3 .3 1
3 .4 2
3 .1 2
2 .9 9

2 .7 9 3 .1 6 2 .7 0 2 .6 9 -

3 .5 4
3 .5 5
3 .3 8
3 .4 9

3

_

-

2
2

3
3

-

—

-

-

20
8
12
12

16
4
12
12

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

3 52
352

3 .3 8
3 .3 8

3 .3 9
3 .3 9

3 .1 4 3 .1 4 -

3 .5 4
3 .5 4

_

_

23
23

-

-

19
19

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

A97
A97

3 .5 2
3 .5 2

3 .4 8
3 .4 8

3 .3 7 3 .3 7 -

3 .5 7
3 .5 7

_

_

_

-

-

-

OILERS ------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

A7
47

2 .9 4
2 .9 4

2 .8 4
2 .8 4

2 .6 9 2 .6 9 -

3 .2 9
3 .2 9

_

6
6

3
3

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

45
45

3 .3 7
3 .3 7

3 .3 4
3 .3 4

3 .2 7 3 .2 7 -

3 .3 9
3 .3 9

P IP E F IT T E R S, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

2 08
193

3 .5 8
3 .5 7

3 .5 3
3 .5 2

3 .3 3 3 .3 3 -

3 .7 3
3 .6 3

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

231
231

3 .9 0
3 .9 0

3 .8 1
3 .8 1

3 .5 8 - 4 .0 5
3 .5 8 - 4 .0 5

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




-

_

_

-

-

1C
10

_

_
6
6

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

h o lid a y s ,

3

7
7

39
39

-

22
2?

-

5
5

1
l

1
1

7
7

9
7

14
14

54
54

7
7

251
2 51

11
11

-

-

5
1
4
4

15
15

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

11
9
2
2

34
34

-

29
16
13
8

11
11
11

4
4

18
18

54
54

23
23

35
35

51
51

74
74

5
5

8
8

6
6

3
3

14
14

21
21

109
109

1 24
1 24

133
133

30
30

-

14
14

3
3

_

-

1
1

_

_

•

-

-

4
4

1
1

1
1

8
8

24
24

4
4

_

11
11

14
14

18
16

22
22

22
21

57
57

9
9

6
6

12
“

47
47

4
4

44
44

16
16

-

5
5

_

-

-

2
2

_

_

_

_

and la te s h ift s .

**

-

-

“

“

9
9

-

-

5
5

-

6
6

2
2

“

-

-

2
2

78
78

20
20
21
21

11
11

~

-

_

~

3

_

_

-

_

1
1

_

_

3
3

-

-

6
6

“

-

_

_

_

4 .0 0

$

l
1
1

_

_
-

_

_

5
5

-

9
9

5
5

-

-

'

-

-

-

"

"

"

_

_

_

—

-

-

1
1
-

5
5
—
~

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

~

~

“

~

32
32

-

-

-

~

-

~

3
3

22
22

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

~

“

1
1

-

12
12

-

4
4

19
19

15
15

54
54

-

1
1

2
2

29
29

—
“

-

~

-

-

33
33
-

-

”

~

“

-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Canton, Ohio, June 1968)
Hourly earnings1
2

Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
$
1 .6 0

M edian3

Middle range3

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

%

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
$
3 . 10 3 . 2 0

ii

2 .5 0

3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 C

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 . 20 3 . 3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

_

_

_

9
9

27
27

27
27

27
27

30
30

16
16

48
48

79
79

_

“

15
15

.

~

10
10

_

~

~

“

~

16

48

79

-

-

1

25
25

_

_

—

-

-

-

-

~

~

9
9
-

Under
$
and
1 .6 0 under

_

_

~

~

3 .0 7

2 .8 0 -

-

-

-

-

2 .5 3
2 .6 0
1 .9 5
2 .6 4

2 . 4 2 - 2 .6 6
2 . 4 4 - 2 .6 7
1 . 7 4 - 2 .5 5
2 . 3 8 - 2 .7 5

4
4
~

16
8
8
~

25
25
~

7
7
“

_

9
1

12
3

2
2

3 04
3 02

$
2 .9 4
2 .9 4

$
3 .0 0
3 .0 0

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2 78

2 .9 9

JAN ITO RS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4---------------------------

710
620
90
29

2 .4 8
2 .5 3
2 .0 7
2 .5 6

3 .2 2

-

8
6

1
1

-

4

-

-

3

4

9

24

27

27

30

12
9
3
"

10
1
9
4

2

25
22
3
2

2 11
209
2
~

40
35
5
3

247
236
11
10

36
33

2
1

30
27
3
1

14
11
3
3

3
2
1
1

7
5

4
4

2
2

11
10

9
9

16
9

2
2

1
1

43
43

19
19
“

133
125
8

218
202
16

292
28?
10

72
69
3

29
22
7

14
10
4

12
7
5

65
65
-

2

-

20
18

6

8

3
3

-

44

-

31
31

24
24

23
23

33
33

29
29

13
13

8
8

-

JAN ITO RS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

160
50

1 .8 9
2 .2 8

1 .6 9
2 .3 7

1 .6 5 2 .1 C -

2 .2 9
2 .5 0

-

85
2

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 ,0 5 3
8 72
181

2 .7 4
2 .7 2
2 .8 1

2 .7 1
2 .7 1
2 .6 9

2 .5 9 2 .6 1 2 .2 1 -

2 .8 1
2 .7 9
3 .7 3

_

20

3

_

-

-

20

3

-

4
1
3

8
7
1

20
3
17

24

-

ORDER
FILLERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1 20
30

2 .6 3
2 .6 5

2 .7 3
2 .6 6

2 .2 8 2 .6 2 -

3 .1 3
2 .7 3

_

-

18

-

-

9

-

4
4

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2 35
235

2 .7 9
2 .7 9

2 .7 8
2 .7 8

2 .5 8 2 .5 8 -

2 .9 9
2 .9 9

_

_

_

(WOMEN) ------------------

43

2 .2 9

2 .4 7

2 .4 1 -

2 .5 3

-

9

-

-

-

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

78
59

2 .8 4
2 .9 8

2 .9 4
2 .9 8

2 .6 4 2 .8 9 -

3 .1 3
3 .2 3

_

3

_

-

_

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

92
90

2 .8 8
2 .8 7

2 .9 1
2 .9 0

2 .7 3 2 .7 3 -

3 .0 3
3 .0 2

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

45
29

2 .6 8
2 .6 0

2 .7 8
2 .6 9

2 . 2 C - 2 .9 8
2 . 1 8 - 2 .9 4

TRUCKDRIVERS5 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4---------------------------

875
428
447
310

3 .0 4
3 .1 0
2 .9 8
3 .1 3

3 .0 1
3 .0 7
2 .7 1
2 .6 9

2 .6 8 2 .9 2 2 .6 4 2 .6 4 -

PACKERS,

SHIPPING

3 .4 0
3 .3 9
3 .8 1
3 .8 4

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------ -------

53
28

2 .3 1
2 .4 9

2 .2 8
2 .4 3

2 . 0 3 - 2 .8 3
2 . 2 3 - 2 .8 5

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

270
207

3 .1 4
3 .2 7

3 .3 3
3 .3 7

2 .7 9 3 .2 9 -

3 .4 2
3 .4 4

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

288
121

3 .3 3
2 .9 9

3 .1 9
2 .9 9

2 .9 7 2 .8 8 -

616
586

2 .8 6
2 .8 6

2 .8 5
2 .8 4

2 .6 5 2 .6 5 -

3 .0 4
3 .0 2

_

_

_

-

24
6

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
F O R K L I F T )-----------------------------------•
---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------1
2
3
4
5

126
121

2 .8 1
2 .8 0

2 .8 5
2 .8 5

2 .6 2 2 .8 1 -

2 .8 9
2 .8 8

5

-

-

1
1

_

_

-

~
_

-

_

1
-

-

-

~

9
9

2

2

-

-

2

“

-

-

17
17

4
4

45
45

-

-

-

-

20

1

_

2

_

5
2

2
1

16
9

2
2

1
1

20
20

7
7

10
10

27
27

2
2

19
19

20
19

3

“

4
4

4
4

6
2

6
4

5
3

10
2
8

21
6
15

66
9
57

65
54
11
11

43
42
1
1

101
101

_

16
12

1

6?
5

14
12

_

1
-

10
9

_

_

7
5
2

-

2

19
8
11

_

~

~

~

_
~

15
6

_

2
2

.

_

_

9

_

~

~

~

~

_

_

_

_

~

“

.
~

-

1

5
4
1
1

“

~

-

1

~

2
180
9
171
171

4
4

5
4

3
2

_

_

~

1
1

_

_

7
6

_

“

14

~

9
9

_

~

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

~

3
3

14
14

“

~

3

-

7
7

-

-

7

-

2
2
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

~

~

8
8
-

_

60

_

-

-

-

60

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

5
5

_

14

6
6

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
F o r definition of t e r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
T ran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes all d r iv e r s , as defined, regard le ss of size and type of truck operated.




3
3

-

3
3

3 .8 4
3 .0 7

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O RK LIF T ) ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

-

3 .8 0
-

$
$
2 . 7 2 - 3 .2 1
2 . 7 3 - 3 .2 1

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

%

o
o

Mean3

$
1 .7 0

1 .7 0

O ccupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

4
4

9
9

31
25

24
74

34
34

2
2

__

_

_

_

“

-

~

94
94

1

1

-

28
28

_

_

13

1
1

-

1
l

5
4

_

-

1
“

-

“

_

1
1

_

_

-

-

2
2

_

_

-

“

-

-

2

-

-

5
4
1
1

~

_

3
3

_

-

_

_

_

3
3

_

15
14
1

72
72

~

36
4
32
3

“

~

_

_

_

13
13

9
9

4
2

3
2

71
71

84
84

_

_

~

~

27
26

28
28

39
39

27
2

6
6

1
1

13
10

1

_

120

180
180

23
23

80
80

24

24
24

1
1

12
12

45
45

_

_

~

“

5
3

_

1

_

_

_

_

“

~

~

-

~

92
91

9
8

-

2
2

-

97
94
3
1

120
-

120
120

-

12
B. Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tion o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m entrance s a la r y fo r se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in exp erien ced w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , C anton, O h io, June 1968)
O ther in ex p erien c ed c le r ic a l w o rk ers 2

In exp erienced typ ists

A ll
schedu les

40

A ll
schedu les

41

9

8

33

23

22

10

8

_
2
4
2
1
-

-

1

_

-

1

1
4
2

6

6

5
9
7

6
3
5
4

2
4
2

-

-

3
5
5
-

1
4
2

-

-

41

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp e c ifie d m in im u m -------------------------

31

22

21

_
6
5

_

_

6

6

3
4
4

3

6
1
1
4

E s ta b lish m e n ts having no sp ec ified m in im u m ----------------------

37

23

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts which did not em ploy w o rk ers
in this c a te g o r y ___________________________________________________

26

8

XXX

8

1
4

4
3
1
4

1

1

-

-

-

-

~

4

4

14

XXX

48

18

XXX

13

-

XXX

1

1

4

-

-

28

XXX

20

XXX

?

XXX

11

XXX

T h e se s a la r ie s r ela te to fo r m a lly e stab lish ed m in im u m startin g (hiring) r eg u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s that a r e paid for standard w o r k w e e k s.
E x c lu d es w o rk ers in s u b c le r ic a l job s such as m e s s e n g e r or o ffic e g ir l.
Data a r e p resen ted for a ll standard w orkw eeks com b in ed , and for the m o s t com m on standard w orkw eek rep orted .




40

XXX

XXX

under $ 62 . 50____________________________________
under $ 6 5 . 0 0 ____________________________________
under $ 6 7 . 5 0 ____________________________________
under $ 7 0 . 0 0 ____________________________________
under $ 7 2 . 5 0 ____________________________________
under $ 7 5 . 0 0 ____________________________________
under $ 7 7 . 5 0 ____________________________________
under $ 8 0 . 0 0 ____________________________________
o v e r ________________________________________________

A ll
schedu le s

53

53

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

40

94

94

6 0 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2. 50
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 80. 00

A ll
sch e d u les

40

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts studied---------------------------------------------------------

$
$
$
$
$

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eekly h o u r s 3 of—

A ll
in du stries

B a sed on standard ■ eekly hours 3 of—
w

A ll
in d u strie s

M an ufactu ring

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturing
M in im um w eekly s tr a ig h t-tim e sa la r y 1




13

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls of m an u fac tu rin g plant w o r k e r s by type and am ou nt of d iffe r e n tia l,
C anton , O h io , June 1968)
P e r c e n t of m a n u fa c tu rin g plant w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —
Second sh ift
w ork

T h ird or oth er
sh ift w ork

A c tu a lly w ork ing on—

S econd sh ift

T h ird o r oth er
sh ift

T o ta l_______________________________________________

9 8 .7

9 6 .5

2 7 .5

15 .6

W ith sh ift pay d if f e r e n t ia l---------------------------------------

9 2 .8

9 0 .6

2 6 .5

1 4 .7

U n ifo r m c en ts (p er h o u r ) _______________________

8 9 .5

8 7 .3

2 5 .6

1 4 .0

3
4
5
6
7

c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------c e n t s __________________________________________
c e n t s __________________________________________
c e n t s __________________________________________
7 V2 c e n t s _______________________________________
8 c e n t s __________________________________________
9 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------10 c e n ts_________________________________________
11 c e n ts_________________________________________
12 c e n ts _________________________________________
13 c e n ts _________________________________________
14 c e n ts _________________________________________
15 c e n ts _________________________________________
20 c e n ts _________________________________________

1.3
.8
5 .3
-

.6
2 .2
5 4 .4
7 .3
15 .5
1.7
.4
"

_
-

1.3
.8
-

1.2
5 .4
9 .9
1.3
5 8 .0
.5
3 .1
4 .1
1.7

_

.3
1 .4

-

.1

-

.2
.7
1 6 .0
2 .0
4 .4
-

.4
.1

-

(1 )
2
.7
1 .0
.3
11 .2
(2 )
.2
.2
.3

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e _____________________________

3 .3

3 .2

.9

.7

5 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
l l/z p e r c e n t ____________________________________
10 p e r c e n t______________________________________

3 .3
-

-

.9

-

.4
2 .8

-

-

-

.7

W ith no sh ift pay d if f e r e n t ia l______________________

6 .0

6 .0

.9

.9

1 I n c l u d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s ,
e v e n t h o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t.

a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

co v e r in g

la t e

s h i ft s

14
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P ercen t d istrib u tion of plant and offic e w o r k e r s in all in d u strie s and in in du stry d ivisions by scheduled w eekly h o u r s 1
of f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , Canton, O hio, June 1968)
Plant w ork ers

O ffice w o rk ers

W e e k l y hours
A ll in du strie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________

IT n r lp i*
8 7 1/-.

i ? 1/ ,

40

nndpr

40

h ou rs

D vpr

48

100

h ou rs

. .

.. .

M anufacturing

100

100

91

(5)

( 5)

(5)
~

86
1
3
3

91
1
3
3
1

Z
( 5)

100

1
6

80

8
5
85

Public u tilitie s 3

100

h n urs

42 h on r s
_
_ ____
__
44 h o u r s ___________________________________________
4 5 h ours
_
_
_______ ___
4 8 hours
_
_ ____ ___ __

A ll in d u str ie s4

1

100

(5)
and

Public u t ilit ie s 1
3
2

4

h ours

V n il r s
i
8 7 1/..

M anufacturing

7

2
_

1
100

_

5
8

i

1 Scheduled h ours are the w eekly h ours w hich a m a jo r ity of the f u ll-t im e w o r k e r s w ere expected to w ork , whether they w ere paid for at s t r a ig h t -t im e or o v e rtim e
2 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e , reta il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivisions shown sep a ra tely .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s.
4 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e ; re ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and re a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivisions shown se p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p ercen t.




ra tes.

15

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
pr.ovided annually, Canton, Ohio, June 1968)
O ffice w ork ers

Plant w ork ers
Item
A ll in du stries 1

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
paid h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
no paid h o lid a y s _____________________________________

M anufacturing

Public u t ilit ie s 1
2

A ll in du strie s 3

Manufacturing

Public u t ilit ie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

93

99

100

100

1

“

“

(4 )

N u m b er of days

L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s __ ______________________________

6 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------h olid ays plus 2 half d a y s -------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s ___________________________ ___________________
7 h olid ays plus 1 half d a y ---------------------------------------7 h olid ays plus 2 h alf d a y s _________________________
h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
h olid ays plus 1 h alf day___________________________
h olid ays plus 2 h alf d a y s _________________________
9 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________

6

8
8
8

1
12
47
-

4
11
-

_

_

9
47
4
9
-

5
35
40
-

4

5

17
5

20
6

5
26
26
40
40
87
98
98
99

6
31
31
44
44
91
100
100
100

(4 )

22
1
36
(4)
3
15
1

-

-

13

18
4

"

_
10
2
49
(4)
5
7
-

22

6

_
3
16
71
10

T o ta l h olid ay tim e 5

1 0 d a y s---------------------------------------------------------------------------9 d ays or m o r e _______________________________________
8 1 ’ days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------------/
8 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------1 2 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------------/
7 days or m o r e _______________________________________
days or m o r e ______________________________________
3 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------2 days or m o r e _______________________________________

7
6

13
13
53
53
88

93
93
93

4
22
22
41
41
78
98
99
99

6
28
28
40
40

90
100
100
100

10
10
81
81
97
100
100
100

1 In clud es data for w h o le sa le tra d e , retail tra d e , r e a l e sta te, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilitie s.
3 In cludes data for w h o le sa le tra d e; retail trade; finance, in su r a n ce , and r ea l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0.5 p erc en t.
5 A ll com b in ation s of full and half days that add to the sam e amount are com bined; for e x a m p le , the p rop ortion of w o r k e r s r ec eiv in g a total of 9 days in clu des those with 9 full days and
no h alf d a y s, 8 full days and 2 h alf d ays, 7 full days and 4 half d a y s, and so on.
P ro p o rtio n s then w ere cum u lated.




16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Canton, Ohio, June 1968)
O ffice w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A ll i n d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s !3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
75
25
-

100
70
30
-

100
100
-

100
99
(5 )
-

100
100
-

100
100

28
5
1

32
4
-

11

-

-

1
41
38
2

46

-

2
29
37
1

(5 )
86
6
4
3
1

86
7
2
3
1

76
24
-

"

"

_
10
86
2
1

39
61
-

"

(5 )
16
82
1
1

77
6
14
3
1

85
7
4
3
1

20
80
-

12
8
75
5

13
9
71
6

.
5
95
-

-

-

1

1

-

M eth od o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ______________________________
O t h e r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________

-

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n pay 6
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________ _
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________

_

~

A fte r 1 y ea r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________________
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________ ________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

'

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

9
86
3
1

5
95
-

2

2

(5 )
94
2
1
1

(5 )
91

100

8
89
2
1

"

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

3
1
1

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________ - ___________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________■
________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

See footn otes at end of table,




9
8
77
5
(5)
1

10
10
73

6
(5)
1

-

5
95
-

2
(5)

2
(5)

94

91

2
2

3
2

1

1

100
-

17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Canton, Ohio, June 1968)
O ffic e w o rk e rs

Plant w o rk e rs
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll in d u s trie s 2

M anufacturin g

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M anufacturing

_
100
-

(5 )
92
3
4

_
91
3
5

1

1

(5 )
21
5
71
1
2
1

13
7
74
1
3
1

_

_

11
7
77
4
1

(5)
99

_
(5)
99
-

P u blic u tilitie s 3

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n pay 6 C ontinued
—
A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u nd er 5 w e e k s _______________________

1
1
86
5
7
1

1
86
6
6
1

-

_
100
-

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________

(5)
14
6
72
2
4
1

_
12
8
72
2
5
1

(5)
11
7
75
2
4
1

11
8
73
2
5
1

100
-

(5)
17
5
74
3
1

(5)
5
74
8
8
5

_
4
72
10
8
6

_
92
8
-

(5)
5
78
9
6
2

3
73
14
8
3

(5 )
5
51
3
28
5
4
4

58
4
19
6
5
5

.
26
74
-

(5)
5
45
4
38
5
2
2

3
49
6
29
8
3
3

(5)
5
13
3
57
5
13
4

_
4
12
4
54
6
16
5

(5 )

3
6

_
5.
95
-

3
97
-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 3 and und er 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ------------------- --------------------------------------------5 w e e k s ____________________________________________

_

_

-

-

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s __________________________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________
A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __ ___________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u nd er 5 w e e k s _______________________
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________
6 w e e k s ______ _ _____________________ _ _ ___

4

-

(5 )

12
87
-

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w eeks
4 w e e k s __________________________________________ _
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s _______________________
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________
6 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------- __

S ee f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e .




_
_
12
-

88
-

5
15
3
59
6
11
2

(5)
2

4

-

59
8
17
3

97
-

“

18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Canton, Ohio, June 1968)
Plant w o rk e rs

O ffic e w o rk e rs

V a ca tion p o lic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1
2

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

All in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturin g

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

A m oun t o f v a ca tion pay 6 Continued
—
A fte r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek_____________________________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ver 4 and und er 5 w e e k s _______________________
5 w e e k s ___________________________________________
6 w e e k s ____________________________________________

(5)
5
13
3
57
5
12
6

_
4
12
4
53
6
14
7

(5)
5
13
3
57
5
12
6

4
12
4
53
6
14
7

_
-

7
80
13
-

_

_

(5)
5
15
3
58
5
10
5

3
6
4
58
8
12
7

( 5)
2
87
_
10
-

(5)
5
15
3
58
5
9
3
3

_
3
6
4
58
8
12
4
3

(5)
2
_
87
_
10
-

M axim u m v a ca tio n a v a ila b le
1 w eek_____________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ------- ----------------------------------------------------O ver 4 and under 5 w e e k s _______________________
5 w e e k s ___________________________________________
6 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ver 6 w e e k s _____________________________________

_

_
7
80
13
-

_

1 I n c l u d e s b a s i c p la n s o n l y .
E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s a n d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s w it h q u a lif y in g le n g t h s
o f se r v ice .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , an d c a n in d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e cu m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




19
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 C a n t o n , O h io , J u n e 196 8)

Plant w o rk e rs

O ffic e w o rk e rs

T yp e of b e n e fit
M anufacturing

M anufacturin g

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

100

96

100

100

50

51

53

62

75

22

__________ ___ -

95

98

74

93

98

78

_
__ ____ _

33

64

81

16

56

51

52

A ll w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

P u blic u t i li t ie s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

4

P ublic u t ilit ie s 3

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
T ,ife

in su ran ce

....... .

. .

.

_

_

A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n ce

_

_

___ __

_ ___ _____ _
_

_

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
sick le a v e or b o th 5 -

_

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t
_

w aiting p eriod )
H osp ita liza tio n in s u r a n c e
.S n rg ira l

in ^ n rsn rp

M e d ic a l in su ra n ce

97

2

1

5

1

54

5

2

23

97
96
74
24

100
99
74
16
91

100
100
87
95
74

93
89

100
99
80

100
100

64

97
80

___
_______________ __

_
_
_ _

89

_____ ___ ______

_____________

in su ra n ce

S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting period^
S ick lea v e (p a r tia l pay o r

_

_____________

C a ta s trop h e in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n ____________________________
N o health , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n plan----------

88
1

75
63

92

94

99

( 6)

! I n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t i s b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n ' s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l is h at le a s t
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




20
Table B-7.

Premium Pay for Overtime Work

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by overtime premium pay
provisions, Canton, Ohio, June 1968)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffice w o rk ers

P r e m iu m pay p o lic y
A ll in d u strie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------

100

M anufacturing

|

100

Public u tilities 1
2

100

A ll in d u str ie s3

100

M anufacturing

100

Public u t ilit ie s 2

100

D aily o v e rtim e at p r e m iu m ra tes
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts having
p r o v isio n s fo r d aily o v e rtim e p a y 4
at p rem iu m r a t e s _________________________________
T im e and o n e -h a lf _______________________________
E ffe c tiv e a fte r ;
l lh h o u r s __________________________________
8 h o u r s _____________________________________
9 h o u r s _____________________________________

94

99

100

52

57

100

94

99

100

52

56

100

93

99
-

100

2
50

3
53

100

-

-

(5 )

-

Other p r e m iu m r a t e s ___________________________

(5 )
(5 )

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having no
p ro v isio n s fo r d aily o v e rtim e pay
at p r em iu m r a t e s 6-------------------------------------------------

48

(5 )

W e ek ly o v e rtim e at p r e m iu m rates
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts having
p ro v isio n s fo r w eek ly o v e rtim e p a y 4
at p r e m iu m r a t e s _________________________________

99

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

99

99

100

99
1

100

100

1
4
94

100

-

-

(5 )
2
96
1

-

-

T riple t i m e _______________________________________
E ffec tiv e a fte r ;
40 h o u r s ___________________________________

(5 )

1

Other p r e m iu m r a t e s __________________ ______ —

(5 )

T im e and o n e -h a lf _______________________________
E ffe c tiv e a fte r ;
35 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s ________________________________
40 h o u r s ___________________________________
42 h o u r s ___________________________________

W ork ers, in e sta b lish m e n ts having no
p ro v isio n s fo r w eek ly o v e rtim e pay
at p rem iu m ra tes 6 _______________________________

(5 )

(5 )

( )

1 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivision s shown sep arately.
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c om m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s.
3 In cludes data for w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d iv ision s shown s e p a r a te ly .
4 Includes w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts c o v ere d by le g isla tiv e req u ir em e n ts regard in g p r em iu m pay for o v e rtim e , even though such w o rk ers actu ally do not w ork o v e r tim e .
G rad uated p r o v isio n s
for p r e m iu m pay are c la s s ifie d under the f ir s t e ffe ctiv e p r e m iu m ra te.
F o r ex a m p le , a plan callin g fo r tim e and o n e-h a lf after 8 and double tim e a fte r 10 h ou rs w ould be c o n sid e r e d as tim e
and o n e -h a lf after 8 h ou rs.
S im ila r ly , a plan callin g fo r no pay or pay at a r eg u la r rate a fter 35 h ours and tim e and o n e -h a lf a fter 40 h ours w ould be c o n sid e r e d as tim e and o n e -h a lf after
40 h ou rs.
5 L e s s than 0 .5 p erc en t. ■ •
6 Includes w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts ex em p t fr o m le g is la tiv e req u irem e n ts regard in g p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and w h e re, as a m atter of p o lic y , o v e rtim e is not w ork ed .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE—Continued

BILLER, MACHINE

columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing m a­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’ bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment’s busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting woik is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file m aterial
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, woik requires application

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor’ s files; (c) maintains the
supervisor’ s calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com ­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETA RY— Continue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled ” secretary” possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal”
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does notin all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

24
SECRETA RY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer level)
over either a m ajor corporate - wi de functional activity (e .g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e t c .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment ( e . g . , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Woik requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling m aterial for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, etc. ; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit ( e . g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from writ­
ten copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full­
time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for c a lls.)
Class B. Operates a singler or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited
telephone information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)

25

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s time while at
switchboard.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
some filing work. The woik typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines,, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical woik. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical woik involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following; Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

26
P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I CA L
DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such woik as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation. )
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M A I N T E N A N C E AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-—Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair^ building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




27

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping



MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

28
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following; Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or bmsh.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the woik of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

29

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of woik,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D I A L AND M A T E R I A L MO V E ME N T
GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and” keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following;
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

30

ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truck drivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer cap acity.)
Truck driver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V 2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t ----T h e eig h th a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
attorn eys, ch e m ists, en g in ee rs, engineering tech n ician s, d ra ftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e rs , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s.
O r d e r a s B B S B u l l e t i n 1585, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1967.
Fifty cents
a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C ., 20402,
or fr o m any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.

A r ea

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, July 1967 1_____________________ ____________
Albany—
Schenectady—T r o y , N . Y . , Apr. 1968 1 -------------Albuquerque, N. M e x . , Apr. 1968 1
___________ __________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—E asto n , Pa.— J . ,
N.
Feb. 1967 __________________________________________________
Atlanta, G a., May 1968 1__________________________________
Baltim ore, Md., Oct. 1967_______________________________
Beaumont—Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex ., May 1967 _____
Birmingham, A l a ., Apr. 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------------Boise City, Idaho, July 1967_____________________________
Boston, M a s s . , Sept. 1 9 6 7 1______________________________

15 30-8 6,
1575 -6 8,
15 75 -5 8,

Buffalo, N . Y . , Dec. 1967 _________________________________
Burlington, V t . , Ma r. 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
Canton, Ohio, June 1968 1 ________________________________
Charleston, W. V a . , Apr. 1968 1
-------------------------------------Charlotte, N .C ., Ap r. 1968 1______________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n . - G a . , Aug. 1967-------------------------------Chicago, 111., Apr. 1967 1 __________ - _____________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—
Ind., Ma r. 1968 1
_________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1967______________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19 67_______________________________
Dall as, T e x ., Nov. 19 67__________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1967___________________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1968 1 _________________________________
Denve r, C olo., Dec. 1967 1 ----------------------------------------------Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1968 1----------------------------------------Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1968 1 ----------------- ---------- -----------------Fort Worth, T e x ., Nov. 19 6 7 „ ___________________________
Green Bay, W i s . , July 19 67______________________________
G reen ville, S .C . , May 1968 1-------------------------------------------Houston, Tex., June 1967 _________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1967 1-----------------------------------------Jackson, M i s s . , Feb. 1968 1______________________________
Jacksonville, F la ., Jan. 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------------Kansas City, Mo .—
Kan s ., Nov. 1967 1----------------------------Lawrence— av er h ill, M a s s . —N .H ., June 1967 -------------H
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k ., July 1967---------Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A n a Garden Grove, C alif., Ma r. 1968 --------------------------------Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1 9 6 8 _________________________
Lubbock, Tex ., June 1967 ________________________________
Manchester, N .H ., July 1967-------------------------------------------Memphis, T e n n . - A r k . , Jan. 1 968 1---------------------------------Miami, F la ., Dec. 1 9 6 7 1__________________________________
Midland and O dessa , T ex ., June 1967 ----------------------------

Bulletin number
and price
15 30-7 6,
157 5 - 4 7 ,
1 5 75 -6 0,
1 5 75 -5 4,
15 7 5 -3 4 ,
1 5 75 -4 6,
15 30-8 3,

30cents
30cents
30cents
35cents
25cents
30cents
40 cents

1530 -8 2,
15 7 5 -4 ,

25cents
20cents

15 75 -4 1,
15 75 -4 8,
15 75 -6 5,
15 75 -6 3,
15 75 -5 7,
15 7 5 -7 ,
15 30-7 3,
15 75 -6 2,
15 7 5 -1 4 ,
15 75 -2 3,
15 7 5 -2 0 ,

25cents Milwaukee, W i s . , Apr. 1967 1_____________________________
30cents Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1 9 6 8 _________________
30cents Muskegon—Muskegon Heig hts, Mich., May 1968 1________
Newark and Jersey City, N .J., Feb. 1968 1 ______________
25cents New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1 968 1____________________________
35cents New O rleans, L a ., Feb. 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
25cents New York, N . Y . , Apr. 1967 1---------------------------------------------20cents Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., June 1967 1_______________________________
30cents
20cents Oklahoma City, O k la ., July 1967-------------------------------------30cents
Omaha, N eb r.—
Iowa, Oct. 1 967 1_________________________
Clifton— a s s a i c , N. J . , May 1967 _____________
P
30cents Paterson—
N
20cents Philadelphia, Pa.— .J., Nov. 1967 1_____ _________________
30cents Phoenix, A r i z . , Mar. 1968 1 ______________________________
30cents Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1 9 6 8 __________________ _____________
30cents Portland, Maine, Nov. 1967 1--------------------------------------------25cents Portland, O re g.—W ash., May 1967 _______________________
Warwick, R.I.—M a s s . ,
30cents Providence—Pawtucket—
May 1 9 6 8 ___________________________________________________
30cents
25cents Raleigh, N . C . , Aug. 1967 1------------------------------------------------25cents Richmond, Va ., Nov. 1967 1_______________________________
25cents Rockford, 111., May 1968 1 --------------------------------------------------

1 5 7 5 -2 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 7 ,
1 5 75 -4 0,
1 5 75 -5 5,
15 7 5 -4 4 ,
15 7 5 -1 6 ,
15 30-7 9,

25cents
25cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
25cents
25cents

15 75 -6 1,
1 5 7 5 -6 ,
1 57 5 -2 7 ,
15 75 -7 0,

30cents
25cents
25cents
30cents

1 5 7 5 -1 2 ,
1575 -5 1,
15 75 -3 8,
1575 -5 2,
15 75 -4 5,
1 5 7 5 -2 2 ,
1 57 5-5,
15 75 -6 6,
1530-8 5,
15 75 -3 6,

25cents
30cents
25cents
30cents
35cents
25cents
20cents
30cents
25cents
30cents

St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Jan. 1 9 6 8 ___ _________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1 9 6 7 _________________________
San Antonio, T e x ., June 1967 1 ___________________________
River side—
Ontario, C alif.,
San Bernardino—
Aug. 1967 1__________________________________________________
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1967______________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., Jan. 1 9 6 8 _______________
San Jose, C alif., Sept. 1 967 1 --------------------------------------------Savannah, G a., May 1967 _________________________________
Scranton, P a ., July 1967 1-------------------------------------------------Seattle—Everett, Wash., Nov. 1 967 1_____________________

157 5 -3 9 ,
15 75-3 5,
1530-8 4,

30cents
20cents
25cents

1 57 5 -1 0 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 9 ,
1 5 75 -3 7,
1 575-1 5,
15 30-6 9,
1 5 7 5 -9 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 9 ,

3 0 cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
20cents
25cents
25cents

1575 -4 9,
1575 -3 3,
1 5 7 5 -3 0 ,
1530-7 7,
1 57 5 - 2 ,

30cents
20cents
25 cents
20cents
25cents

15 75 -6 4,
15 75 -5 0,
15 30-7 5,
15 75 -1 ,
1 57 5 -3 2 ,
1 57 5 -2 8 ,
15 30-7 8,

30cents
30cents
20cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
20cents

Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Oct. 1967 1__________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1968 1 ____________________________
Spokane, W a sh., June 1967 1 ______________________________
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, F l a . , Aug. 1967___________ ____
Toledo, Ohio—Mich., Feb. 1968 1 -------------------------------------Trenton, N .J., Nov. 1967---------------------------------------------------Washington, D . C . —Md.—V a . , Sept. 1 967--------------------------Waterbury, Conn., Apr. 1968 1 ---------------------------------------Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1967_________________________________
Wichita, Kans., Dec. 1967______________ _________________
Worceste r, M a s s ., June 1967 ------------------------------------------York, Pa., Feb. 1968 1 ------------------------------------------------------Youngstown—W arren, Ohio, Nov. 1 967 1---------------------------

1 57 5 -1 7 ,
15 75 -5 6,
1530-8 0,
15 7 5 -8 ,
15 75 -4 3,
1 5 7 5 -2 4,
1 575-1 1,
15 75 -5 3,
1 57 5 -2 6 ,
1 57 5 -3 1 ,
15 30-8 1,
15 75 -4 2,
1 57 5 -2 5 ,

25cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
20cents
25cents
30cents
25cents

15 30-5 3,
15 75 -7 1,
1 5 7 5 -1 8 ,
15 30-7 4,
1 5 7 5 -5 9,
15 7 5 -3 ,
1 5 75 -1 3,

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area