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Area Wage Survey
The Canton, Ohio, Metropolitan Area




April 1966

Bulletin No. 1465-58
M ay 1966
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 402 - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e da t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d data b y s e l e c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s f o r each
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t th e end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a
round of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y bu lletin is issu e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s da ta f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n .
The se co n d part p r e se n ts
in fo r m a t io n w h ich has b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a da ta to r e l a t e to e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s and the
U n ite d S t a t e s .
E i g h t y - f i v e a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the
p r o g r a m . In fo r m a tio n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a rn in g s is c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a lly in e a c h a r e a .
In fo r m a t io n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s i s o b t a i n e d b i e n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
C a n t o n , O h i o , in A p r i l 1966.
The Standard M etro p o lita n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
t h r o u g h M a r c h 1965, c o n s i s t s o f S t a r k C o u n t y .
T h i s stu dy
w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C l e v e l a n d ,
O h i o , Joh n W. L e h m a n , D i r e c t o r ; b y A d r i e n P i c a r d , u n d e r
the d i r e c t i o n o f E d w a r d C h a i k e n .
T h e s tu d y w a s u n d e r
th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f E l l i o t t A . B r o w a r , A s s i s t a n t R e ­
g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .




P age
In tro d u c tio n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------,_______
1
W age tre n d s fo r se le c te d o c cu p atio n al g ro u p s___________________________ 4
T ab les:
1. E sta b lish m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ithin scope of su rv ey and
n u m b er stu d ie d ___________________________________________________
3
2. Indexes of stan d a rd w eekly s a la r ie s and s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly
ea rn in g s fo r se le c te d o ccu p atio n al g ro u p s, and p e rc e n ts of
4
change fo r se le c te d p e r io d s _____________________________________
A. O ccupational e a rn in g s:*
A - l. O ffice o c cu p atio n s— en and w om en________________________ 5
m
A -2. P ro fe s sio n a l and te c h n ic a l occu p atio n s—m en and w o m e n .. 7
A -3. O ffice, p ro fe s s io n a l, and tec h n ic a l occupations—
m en and w om en c o m b in e d ________________________________
8
A -4. M aintenance and pow erp lan t o c cu p a tio n s__________________
9
A -5. C u sto d ial and m a te ria l m ov em ent o c c u p a tio n s___________ 10
B. E sta b lish m e n t p ra c tic e s and su p p le m en ta ry w age p ro v isio n s:*
B - l. M inim um en tra n c e s a la rie s fo r w om en office w o r k e r s __ 11
B -2 . Shift d if f e r e n tia ls ___________________________________________ 12
B -3. Scheduled w eekly h o u r s ____________________________________ 13
B -4. P aid h o lid a y s________________________________________________ 14
B -5. P aid v a c a tio n s ______________________________________________ 15
B -6. H ealth, in s u ra n c e , and pensio n p la n s _____________________ 17
B -7. H ealth in su ra n c e b en efits p rovid ed em ployees and
th e ir d e p en d en ts___________________________________________ 18
B -8 . P ro fit-s h a rin g p la n s _______________________________________ 19
A ppendixes:
A. C hanges in o ccu p atio n al d e s c r ip tio n s ____________________________ 20
B. O ccupational d e s c r ip tio n s _________________________________________ 21

areas.

iii

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s
(See in s id e b a c k c o v e r . )

a re a v a ilable fo r

other




Area Wage Survey---The Canton, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w o r k
s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th ese o c c u p a t io n s have
b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 85 in w h i c h the U. S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u reau o f L a b o r S tatistics con du cts s u r v e y s of o ccu p a tio n a l earn ings
and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , da ta
w e r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e ­
s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
Manu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
services.
M a jo r in du stry gro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e se stu dies are
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e th ey tend to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S ep arate tabulations a re
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b ­
lica tio n c r it e r ia .

The a v e ra g e s p r e se n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a rea w id e e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in pa y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f f i n g and, th us, c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld n ot b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in
in dividual e s t a b lis h m e n t s . O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n t r i b ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly the a c t u a l r a t e s
p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the
sam e su rvey jo b d escrip tion .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e
u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u cte d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t . E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O ccupations

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and not the n u m b e r
a ctu ally s u rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o not m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s da ta .

and E a r n i n g s *
3

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follow ing ty p e s:
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w it h in the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B .
E a rn in g s data f o r s o m e of
the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l
to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i ­
b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .

E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s as th ey
r e l a t e to p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w h o
a r e u tiliz e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
"P lant w o r k e r s "
i n c l u d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n a nd a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g
l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s . " O f f i c e w o r k ­
e r s " i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r ­
f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s . C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n
a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u ­
factu rin g in d u strie s.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da t a a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s data e x c lu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W here w eek ly h ou rs are




1

2
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s ( t a b l e B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to the e s ­
tablish m en ts v is ite d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith f o r m a l m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y p o l i c i e s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h i f t at the t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d as a p p l y i n g to
a ll o f the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P aid h o lid a y s ;
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ; and p r o f i t - s h a r i n g
p l a n s ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 8 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n the b a s i s
that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y
o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a lif y f o r the p r a c ­
t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 8 m a y
not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f r o u n d i n g .
D a t a o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i. e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a l l o n a n o n ­
w o r k d a y , e v e n if the w o r k e r is n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t
p a r t o f th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a lf
holidays actu ally granted.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a lf
h o l i d a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d to
f o r m a l p o l i c i e s , e x clu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e off
w ith p a y is g r a n t e d at th e d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
E stim ates
e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s and t h o s e w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r
" s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g
le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in the s t e e l ,
a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s . S e p a r a t e e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c ­
c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t i n g v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , s u c h as
t i m e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f a nn ua l e a r n i n g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n t s . H o w ­
e v e r , in the t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n pa y, p a y m e n t s n o t o n a t i m e b a s i s
w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f ann ua l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p l a n s ( t a b l e s B - 6 and B - 7 ) f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is
b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n l y l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h as

1

w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
S u c h p l a n s i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n fey a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fu n d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D e a t h b e n e f i t s a r e i n c l u d e d as a f o r m o f l i f e i n ­
surance.
S e l e c t e d h e a l t h i n s u r a n c e b e n e f i t s p r o v i d e d e m p l o y e e s and
dependents are a lso p resen ted .
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that t y p e o f
in su ra n ce under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d ca s h paym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
disability.
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s to w h i c h the
e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h
have en acted t e m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su r a n c e law s w hich r e q u ir e e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 23 p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if th e e m p l o y e r ( l ) c o n ­
t r i b u t e s m o r e th an is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e
w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w .
T abu lation s
o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l p l a n s 3 w h i c h p r o v i d e
f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b eca u se of illn ess.
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to
( l ) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y and n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s
w h ich p r o v i d e e ith e r p a r t ia l pay o r a w aiting p e r i o d .
In a d d i t i o n
to th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d
to t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r b o t h t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to as e x t e n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
paym ent of d o c to r s ' fe e s.
Such plan s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a ti o n s o r they m a y
be s e lf-in s u r e d .
T ab u la tion s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n plan s a r e lim ite d
to t h o s e p l a n s th at p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f
th e w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
P r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 8 ) a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s
w ith d e f i n i t e f o r m u l a s f o r c o m p u t i n g p r o f i t s h a r e s to b e d i s t r i b u t e d
a m o n g e m p l o y e e s and w h o s e f o r m u l a s w e r e c o m m u n i c a t e d to e m ­
p l o y e e s in a d v a n c e o f the d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f p r o f i t s . D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d
a c c o r d i n g t o p r o v i s i o n s f o r d i s t r i b u t i n g p r o f i t s h a r e s to e m p l o y e e s :
( l ) C u r r e n t o r c a s h d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s w it h in a s h o r t p e r i o d
a f t e r d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f p r o f i t s ; (2) d e f e r r e d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s
a f t e r a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f y e a r s o r at r e t i r e m e n t ; (3) c o m b i n a t i o n
c u r r e n t and d e f e r r e d p l a n s ; and (4) e l e c t i v e d i s t r i b u t i o n p l a n s , u n d e r
w h i c h e a c h p a r t i c i p a n t is r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t w h e t h e r t o ta ke h is - s h a r e
o f the c u r r e n t y e a r ' s p r o f i t in c a s h , h a v e it d e f e r r e d , o r p a r t in c a s h
and p a r t d e f e r r e d .

2

A n establishm ent was considered as having a p o lic y if it m et eith er o f the fo llo w in g
The tem porary disability laws in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island do not require em p loyer
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the survey, or (2 ) had form al provisions coverin g
contributions.
late shifts. A n establishm ent was considered as having form al provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
A n establishm ent was considered as having a form al plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form fo r operating
m inim um num ber o f days o f sick leave available to each em p lo y e e .
Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
w ritten, but inform al sick le a v e allow ances, determ ined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n um ber studied in C anton, O h io ,1 b y m a jo r in d u stry d i v i s i o n ,2 A p r il 1966
N u m ber o f establishm ents
M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f st u d y

Industry d iv ision

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W i t h i n s c o p e o f st u d y

W i t h in s c o p e
of study3

St udied
T otal4

S tu di e d

Plant
Number

A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________

_
_

_____

_________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________ ____ . .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5__________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e . ______
S e r v i c e s 8___________________________________________

.

O ffice

Percent

T otal4

207

90

71,000

100

52,700

8, 200

55,930

-

106
101

51
39

55,700
15,300

78
22

4 3,400
9, 300

5, 6 00
2, 600

46,960
8 ,9 7 0

50
50
50
50
50

17
20
44
11
9

11
5
14
5
4

4 ,4 0 0
1 ,9 0 0
6, 200
2, 000
800

6
3
9
3
1

2 ,4 0 0

700

3,960
620
3,020
1 ,0 4 0
330

50

(‘ )
<6 )
(7 )
(6)

(? )
(? )
0

(6 )

1 T h e Canton Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as de fin e d b y the B ureau o f the B udget through M a r c h 1965, c o n s is t s o f Stark County. T h e "w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" estim a te s
show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y . The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is
o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er em p lo ym e n t in dexes fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p loym en t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f esta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly
in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rv e y .
2 Th e 1957 r e v is e d edition o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual and the 1963 Supplem ent w e r e u s e d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m en ts by in du stry d iv isio n .
3 In clu des a ll esta b lish m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym e n t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu re th ea ters a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu des e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s e x clu d e d fr o m the s e p a ra te plant and o f fi c e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e exclu d ed .
6 T h is in du stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S eparate p res en ta tion
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is too sm a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s ep a ra te study, (2) the sam ple w as not
d esig n ed in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u fficie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual esta b lish m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m this en tire in d u stry d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e stim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p o r tio n on ly in estim a te s
fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S epa ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ad e fo r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s give n in footn ote 6 a b ov e.
8 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir shops; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s and ch a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and en gineering
and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s




A bout f o u r -fift h s o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the Canton a r e a w e r e
em p lo y e d in m anufacturin g f ir m s . T h e fo llo w in g table p r e s e n t s the m a jo r in d u stry gro u p s
and s p e c ific in d u strie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:
Industry gro u p

S p e c ific in d u s trie s

P r im a r y m e t a ls _________________ 38
M a ch in e ry (e x c e p t e le c t r ic a l) __ 21
F a b r ic a te d m e ta l p r o d u c t s _____ 9
F o o d p r o d u c ts ___________________ 6

B l a s t f u r n a c e s , s t e e lw o r k s ,
and r o llin g and fin ish in g
m il l s _____________________________ 26
G e n e r a l in d u s tria l m a c h in e r y
and equipm ent___________________ 13
Iron and s te e l fo u n d r ie s _________ 6

T h is in fo rm a tio n is b a se d on e s tim a te s o f to ta l e m p loym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu al s u r v e y . P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
d iffe r fr o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y as show n in table 1 a b o v e.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , and
in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s
o f w o r k , that i s , the s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f t s .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n ­
c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in e a c h g r o u p .
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes A and B
Clerks, file, classes A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes A and B
Office boys and girls
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes A and B
Tabulating-machine operators, class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpe nters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
U n s k ille d

p la n t ( m e n ) :

Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are
excluded because of a change in the description this year.

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e ra g e h o u rly earn ings w e r e
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s .
The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e th en m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h of
Table 2.

the j o b s d u r i n g the p e r i o d s u r v e y e d in 1961.
T h e s e w eigh ted earn ings
f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n t o t a l e d to o b t a i n an a g g r e g a t e f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , the r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t a g e )
o f the g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r the o n e y e a r to th e a g g r e g a t e f o r the o t h e r
y e a r w a s c o m p u t e d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the r e s u l t and 100 is
the p e r c e n t a g e o f c h a n g e f r o m the o n e p e r i o d to the o t h e r .
The
i n d e x e s w e r e c o m p u t e d b y m u l t i p l y i n g the r a t i o s f o r e a c h g r o u p
a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h p e r i o d a f t e r the b a s e y e a r ( 1 9 6 1 ) .
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y ,
the e f f e c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r
i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in th e s a m e j o b ;
and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e ­
s u lt in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and
c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
different pay le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s
o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r
p a i d w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n and l o w e r the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s
a r e d u c t i o n in the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s w o u l d h a v e the
o p p o s i t e e f f e c t . S i m i l a r l y , the m o v e m e n t o f a h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u l d c a u s e th e a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s to d r o p , e v e n
th o u gh n o c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
D a ta a r e a d j u s t e d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y t o r e m o v e f r o m the i n d e x e s and
p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y c h a n g e s in
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the da ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s in
average pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h ey a re not in flu e n ce d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Canton, Ohio,
April 1966 and April 1965, and percents of change1 for selected periods
Indexes
(December 1960=100)

Percents o f change 1
May 1962
to
April 1963

December 1960 Decem ber 1959
to
to
December 1960
May 1962

April 1966

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w om en )-------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )-----Skilled maintenance (m en)------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )-------------------------Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w om en )-------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )-----Skilled maintenance (m en)------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------------

1

April 1964
to
April 1965

April 1963
tp
April 1964

April 1965

April 1965
to
April 1966

110.0
113.6
113.8

111.0

108.2
111. 5
107. 1
106.6

1.6
1.9
6.2
4.1

2.5
.9
1.3
1.1

0 .3
5 .0
.9
1. 5

0 .3
1.5
1.2
.8

5 .0
3 .6
3 .5
3. 1

1.7
2.7
3. 1
3 .5

109.6
113.6
113.7
110. 3

106.9
111. 5
106.7
106. 1

2.5
1.9
6. 5
3.9

2.2
1.4
1.3
1.4

2-. 5
4. 5
.7
.5

2—3
1.5
1.0
.7

5 .4
3. 6
3. 6
3. 4

1.4
2 .7
3.3
3 .4

Industry and occupational group

Unless otherwise indicated, all changes are increases.
This decline largely reflects employee turnover within and between high- and low-wage establishments rather than wage decreases.




5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A -l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C a n ton , O h io, A p r il 1966)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—

s
50

Median

2

Middle range

$
125.00
124.50

127.00
125.00

60

65

*

$

60

65

70

70

75

80

-

55

-

-

75

80

85

i

t

85

-

90

-

100

95

1 09 .50 -1 45 .00
1 08 .00 -1 45 .50

105

105

$

110

-

-

110

5

$

115

115

i

120

120

$

125

125

I

130

130

$

135

135

$

140

14 5

140

t
150

145

and

15 0

over

3

6

3
2

l

6

4
4

2
2

3

10
10
-

4
4
~

-

4
4

7
7

6

3

102.50

111.50

7 8 .0 0 -

4 0 .0

75.5 0

70.00

6 2 .0 0-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

42
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

104.00
106.50

104.50
106.00

9 1 .0 0 9 4 .0 0 -

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE 1 ----------------------------------------------------

31

39.5

64.00

64.50

6 1 .5 0-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

94
33
61

39.5
39.0
40. 0

67.00
77.50
61.50

63.00
80.00
57.00

5 5 .0 0 - 79.50
6 9 .0 0 - 86.00
5 3 .0 0 - 64.00

25

17

6

3

6

2

25

17

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

76
47
29

40. 0
4 0.0
40. 0

91.50
96.50
83.00

92.00
96.50
75.00

7 4 .0 0-10 6.5 0
88. 00-10 7.5 0
6 9 .0 0 - 94.00

-

-

8
2
6

}0

3

A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S 8
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------

2 43
139
1 04

40. 0
4 0.0
40.0

78.00
86.00
67.00

71.00
81.50
6 4 . 50

6 3 .0 0 - 85.50
67.0 0-10 4.5 0
6 0 .0 0 - 73.50

-

34
8
26

49
21
28

34
17
17

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING----------------------

72
36

39.5
40.0

65.50
68.50

60.00
62.50

5 7 .0 0 - 70.50
5 8 .0 0 - 78.00

4
i

34
15

10
5

6
i

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------------

49

39.5

72.00

66.00

62.5 0-

80.50

-

-

23

10

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------

85
74

39.5
39.5

89.00
90.50

88.50
90.50

72.0 0-10 9.0 0
72.5 0-11 0.5 0

i
i

3
3

6
5

7
7

10
6

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

78
78

39.5
39.5

79.00
79.00

81.50
81.50

6 8.0 06 8 .0 0-

i
1

4
4

2
2

?0
20

6
6

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING----------------------

69
59

40. 0
4 0.0

83.00
83.50

80.00
81.00

6 8 .5 0 - 98.00
67.5 0-10 0.0 0

-

_

14

8

-

-

8
8

14

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

188
121
67

40.0
40. 0
40.0

74.00
77.00
69.00

71.00
73.50
69.00

6 3 .5 0 - 83.50
6 4 .0 0 - 89.50
6 2 . 5 0 - 74.00

6
6

17
13

36
23
13

SECRETARIES3 4 ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

507
318
18 9

4 0.0
40.0
40.0

94.00
98.50
86.00

93.00
100.00
84.50

80.0 0-10 5.5 0
35.0 0-10 9.0 0
7 1 .0 0 - 95.50

13
1
12

SECRETARIES, CLASS B4 --------MANUFACTURING----------------------

79
58

40. 0 1 06.00
4 0.0 110.50

103.00
109.50

95.5 0-11 7.0 0
9 9 .0 0-11 9.5 0

3

6

11

2

3

39.5

33

124.00

11

1

4
4

2

41

92.50

4
4

4

ORDER

OFFICE BOYS -

CLERKS,

s

i

100

-

90

$
95

$

40.0
4 0.0

$

s

and
under

2

55

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS
MANUFACTURING ------------------

$

122.00
125.00

7
5

1
1

5
4

1
1

6

2

3
2

6
1
5

•

11
11

3

l1

7
7

W
OMEN

CLERKS,

See footnotes at end o f table,




2

70.00

87.50
87.50

4

_

_

-

-

14

3

6

4

3

4
l

1

1

-

1

5

5

-

-

1
1
*

“

“

-

-

-

2
2
"

8
5
3

10
8
2

7
6
i

3

2

?3
12
ii

23
9
15

18
14
4

l 5
12

4
4

2
2

8
8

6
4

3
3

3
3

1
1

2
-

3
3

4

6

-

3

-

2

-

i

6
3

6
6

6
6

10
9

7
6

-

3

12
11

1
1

2
2

3

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

3

”

”

“

7
2

15
15

17
17

3
3

3
3

1

4
4

5
4

4
2

4
4

7
6

6
6

1
1

5
5

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

4

5
3

“

29
15
14

32
15
17

10
6
4

16
11
5

9
9
-

9

2
2

22
22

4

37
7
30

44
19
25

33
27
6

51
27
24

38
22
16

62
34
28

46
23
23

53
49

41
37

16
9
7

5

i
i

4

”

3
3
"

4

5

12
11
1

5
5

4

23
21
2

20
15

4

i

~

1
1

5

3

9
6

16
9

10

7
6

5
5

10
10

4

3
3

2
2

2
2

-

i

4

4
6

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

3

3

“
5
5

*
-

3

1

5

-

3

1

7

i

3
1
1
1

6
Table A -l.

Office Occupations— M en and W o m e n — Continued

( A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ho ur s and e a rn i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in du st r y d i v is i o n , Canton, Ohio, A p r i l 1966)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours 1
( standard)

Sex, o cc u pa t io n , and in du st r y d i v is i o n

Median

$

50

WOMEN -

$

55

60

$

$

65

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn i n g s of—
TO

$

$

75

$

80

85

*

90

*

$

$

95

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

100

105

11 0

115

120

125

130

135

140

14 5

150

105

and
under

2

55

SECRETARIES34 -

$

110

115

12 0

125

130

135

140

145

150

over

,
60

65

70

75

80

85____ 90

95

10 0

CONTINUED

$

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES, CLASS C4 -----------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

1 8*5

SECRETARIES, CLASS D4-----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING — *
-------------------------------NCNMANUF ACTUR I N G ------------------------------

2 40
18 4

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

175
141
34

84

13

$

95.50
9 9 . 50
4 0.0
40. 0 103.00 102.50
93.00
95.50
4 0.0

209
126

101

8 9 .0 0 9 0 .5 0 8 7 .0 0 -

111.50
113.50
100.00

82.00
87.50

80.00
85.50

40.0
40.0

74.50
74.0 0
76.00

70.50
69.00
76.00

6 3 .0 0 62. 5 06 3 .5 0-

4 0.0
40.0
3 9. 5

88.00
87.50
90.50

86.50
85.50
94.00

7 5 .5 0 100.00
7 6 .5 0 - 94.50
6 8 . 00112.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION I STS
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

39. 5
39.5

74.50
78.00

73.50
77.50

6 4.0 06 6 .5 0-

TYP ISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

4 0.0
40. 0

83.50
85.50

83.00
85.00

40. 0
41.0

61.50
63.50
56.50

59.00
60.00
55.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

6 2 .5 0 -

CLASS B4 ------

TYP IS TS, CLASS B ------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NCNMANUF ACTUR I N G ------------------------------

143
108
35

82.50
82.50
83.00

1

23
22

1

24
23

41
36

21
9

14
14

16

23

1

1

18
14

3

11
7

9
8

12
2

13
13

4
4

7 0 .5 0 - 96.00
7 3 .0 0 100.00

12
5

9
7

12
9

6
6

14
12

5 4 .5 0 - 65.50
5 6 .0 0 - 68.00
52 .5 0 - 60.00

26
20
6

15
13

9
9

83.50
87.50

14
10

12

2

106.00

12

14
19

14

26
26

17

32
19

7 1 .0 0 - 94.00
7 6.5 0101.50

16
14

16
15

7

3
3

-

2
6
6

3
3

2

9

4
3

11
8

4
4

8
8

—
—

—
—

6
6

2
8
8

1

2

3
3

2
2
13
12
-

7

1 Standa rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s and the e a rn i n gs c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y ho u r s .
2 The m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y total ing the e a rn i n gs o f all w o r k e r s and div id ing b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m e d i a n de s ig na te s p o s it i o n — half o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the ra te shown; ha lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate shown.
T he m id dl e ra ng e is de fi ne d b y 2 r a t e s o f pay; a fo u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f t he se r a t e s and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e than
the hi gh er ra te .
* Ma y in clu de w o r k e r s o th e r than t ho se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .
4 D e s c r i p t i o n f o r this o c c u p a t io n has b e e n r e v i s e d si nc e the la s t s u r v e y in this a r e a .
See appe nd ix A.




7

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e ek ly h ou r s and e a rni ngs f o r se l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b as is
by in du str y d i v is i o n , Canton, Oh io, A p r i l 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

of
workers

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

65

40.0
40.0

$ 70 $

70

Sex, oc c up a t io n, and in dus tr y d iv is io n

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

75

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ea rni ngs of—

$
75

$
80

$
85

90

80

85

90

95

$

95

$

100

$

105

$

110

$

115

$

120

$

125

$

130

$

135

15 5 . 0 0
155.00

157.00
157.50

S4 9 . 0 0 - $
1
1 49 .00 -

140

145

$

$
150

155

10 0

105

HO

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165.50
165.50
140.00
139.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B3
MANUFACTURING —

204
157

40. 0 129.50
40.0 128.50

130.00
130.00

1 1 8 .50 117.50-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C3
MANUFACTURING —

143
130

40.0
40.0

107.50
108.00

106.50
107.50

9 8 .0 0 9 8 .5 0 -

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS3MANUFACTURING —

40.0
40.0

78.50
79.00

79.50
81.00

7 3 .5 0 - 84.00
7 1 .0 0 - 84.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

40.0
4 0.0

107.00
107.00

109.50
109.00

98.5 0-12 1.0 0
98.0 0-12 1.0 0

27
23

118.00
119.00

18
15

22
21

13
10

10
10

19
18

1 Standard h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r wh ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e their r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s and the ea rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d to t he se w e e k l y h ou r s.
2 F o r def in it ion o f t e r m s , s e e fo ot not e 2, table A - l .
3 D e s c r i p t i o n f o r this o cc u p a t io n has b e e n r e v i s e d si n ce the las t s u r v e y in this a rea .
See appen dix A.




$

$

Middle range 1
2

8
Table A -3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—M en and W o m e n Combined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C a n ton , O h io, A p r i l 1966)

in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
woikers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

3 9 .5

OPERATORS,
94

3 9 .5

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

33
61

39. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

$
75.00

4 0.0
40.0
40.0

94.00
98.50
86.00

AND

5C7

318
18 9

CLASS

A —

79
58

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

185
101
84

112

M AN' JFA CTUR I N G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------CLFRKS,

A C C O U N T IN G ,

CLASS

R

34
309

—

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

204
105

CLERKS,
FILE ,
C L A S S B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

36

C L E R K S , O R D E R ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

30
65
25

72

1 1

5
108

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

40. 0
4 0 .0

S E C R E T A R IE S , CLASS D3
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

2 05
126

40.0
4 0.0

82.00
87.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G EN E RA L
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------NO NMANUFACTURING —

24 C
154
86

40.0
40. 0
40.0

74.50
74.00
76.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , SE NIO R
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------NONM AN UF ACTU RING -

1 75
141
34

4 0 .0
4 0.0
39.5

88.00
87.50
90.5 0

1 1 2 .5 0
9 0 . 50
8 5 .5 0

40. 0

9 5 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

39. 5
40. 0

6 5 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

39. 5

8 4 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

39. 5
3 9 .5

9 9 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0
SW IT C H B O A R D

78
78

C O M P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 9 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

OPERATORS,

8 3 ----------

33

4 0.0

7C
60
188

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

1
2
3

121
67

SW IT C H B O A R D

O PE R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IST S-

76
54

39.5
39.5

74.50
78.00

40.

0

40. 0
4 0. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

62
46

7 4 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
6 9 .0 0




fo r

t h is

o c c u p a t io n

has

been

r e v is e d

s in c e

CLASS

-------------------------------------------------

TAB U LA TIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A TO R S,
C L A S S B -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t t h e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r t h a n th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
D e s c r ip t io n

TYP ISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

104
85

40.0
4 0.0

84.50
86.50

TYP ISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

143
108
35

40.0
40.0
41.0

61.5 0
63.5 0
56.5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A3---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

52
51

40.0
40.0

155.00
155.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B3---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2 09
162

40.0 129.50
4 0. C 129.00

145
132

40.0
40.0

107.50
108.00

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS3-----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

53
28

40.0
4 0.0

79.50
79.00

73
72

40.0
40.0

109.00
109.00

$
82.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

82.50

MAN UFACTUR IN G
KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

27

86.00

3 9 .5
40. 0

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------------

40.0
99.50
4 0 .0 103.00
40. 0
95.50

CLASS

-0
o o
o o

A C C O U N T IN G ,

106.00
1 10.50

B 3 --------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------

SEC R E TA R IE S,

M A NU FA CTU RIN G
CLERKS,

W
eekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
’standard) (standard)

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

G I R L S ---------------------------------

1 0 7 .5 0

6 7 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

-

Number
of
woikers

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C 3---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

B OYS

S E C R E T A R I E S 2 3 ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONMANUFACTURING

6 1 .5 0

146

OFFICE

o o
o o

R ---------------------------------------------------------

CLASS

O c c u p a t io n and in du st r y d i v is i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED
O
O
■4

B n O K KEFPING-M ACH INE

33

$
6 7 .0 0

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
B I L L E R S , M ACHINE ( B I L L I N G
M ACH IN E)
------------------------------------------------------

Average

Average

.

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

O
O

Average

O c c u p a tio n a n d

th e

la s t

th e ir

su rv e y

r e g u la r
in

th is

s t r a ig h t - t im e

a re a .

See

s a la r ie s

a p p e n d ix

A .

and

th e

100.50
104.50

e a r n in g s

c o rre sp o n d

to

th e s e

w e e k ly

h o u rs.

9
Table A -4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , C a n ton , O h io , A p r i l 1966)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g straight - t i m e h ou r ly earn in gs of—

Hourly ea Tilings1

S
$
$
$
$
2 . 90 3 . 00 3 10 3 ■20 3 . 3 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2.3 0

$
2.4 0

$
2 .5 0

S
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2.4 0

2.5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 . 80 2 . 9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

*

-

1
1

~
~

4
4

18
1

-

~

4
i

13
13

8
8

17
17

31
31

1
1

_

-

_

_

4
4

14
14

27
27

20
17

22
22

22
22

34
34

78
77

7
7

7
4

7
7

11
11

3
3

9
9

-

9
9

s
2 .1 0

O cc up a tio n and in du str y d iv is io n
oriters

M ean 13 Median 2
2

Middle range 2

99
79

$
3 .1 3
3.2 2

$
3 .2 1
3 .2 7

$
$
2 .9 5 - 3.3 3
3 . 0 9 - 3 .3 5

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

445
441

3.3 8
3 .3 9

3 .4 9
3.4 9

3 .2 8 - 3.5 6
3 .2 8 - 3.5 6

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

62
57

3 .2 5
3.2 9

3.2 5
3.2 7

3 .0 5 3 .1 1 -

3.4 8
3.4 9

2
-

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ---------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

82
82

2.8 4
2.8 4

2 .7 9
2 .7 9

2 .6 9 - 2.9 7
2 .6 9 - 2.9 7

-

-

-

MAINTENANCE TR ADE S --------

16C

2.7 1

2.7 3

2 .6 0 -

2 .8 2

-

3

3

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

188
188

3 .5 8
3.5 8

3 .8 0
3.8 0

3 .3 5 3 .3 5 -

3.8 6
3 .8 6

_

_

_

_

-

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

4 19
416

3.5 0
3 .5 1

3.5 4
3.5 4

3 .4 8 3 .4 9 -

3 .5 8
3 .5 3

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE)-----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S3 ----------------------

136
93
A3
39

3.0 5
3.1 7
2.8 1
2.8 0

3.0 6
3 .1 7
2.8 3
2.7 7

2 .8 4 - 3 .4 3
2 .9 7 - 3.4 4
2 . 2 8 - 3 .3 5
2 .2 5 - 3.3 9

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

3 28
32 8

3.1 3
3.1 3

3.1 3
3.1 3

2 .8 4 - 3 .4 6
2 .8 4 - 3.4 6

MILLWRIGHTS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

451
451

3 .3 7
3.3 7

3.4 3
3.4 3

3 .3 4 3 .3 4 -

OILERS -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

50
50

2 .7 0
2.7 0

2.6 5
2 .6 5

2 .5 3 - 2.8 8
2 .5 3 - 2.8 8

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

35
39

3.1 9
3.1 9

3 .3 1
3.3 1

3 .0 7 3 .0 7 -

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE--------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

181
165

3 .3 5
3.3 4

3 .4 2
3 .4 1

3 .2 1 - 3 .4 7
3 .2 1 - 3.4 8

TOOL AND 0 1 E MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

248
248

3 .5 2
3 .5 2

3.5 2
3 .5 2

3 .3 3 3 .3 3 -

3.4 8
3.4 8

3 .3 6
3 .3 6




_
“

-

-

8
8

“

-

_

_

-

-

-

2
2
15

_

_

-

_

“

~

~

“

8
8
8

4
4
4

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

$
$
S
3 . 5C 3 60 3 . 7 0

s
3 .8 0

S
3.9 0

3. 50 3 . 6 0

3 .70

3 .8 0

3.9 0

4.0 0

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

174
174

17
17

4
4

21
21

-

4
4

*

_

$
3 .4 0

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

h o l id a y s ,

18
6
6

-

3
3

_
“

3 20 3 . 3 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

53
53

-

2
2

i
i

16
16

82
82

13
13

15
15

19
19

17
17

34
34

271
271

17
17

2
2

18
18

5

-

i
i

4
4

7
7

29

47

32

10

-

-

-

7
7

“

5
5

2
2

“

1
1

8
8

6
3

_

-

_

6
6

5
5

3
3
-

13
7
6
6

4
i
3
3

6
2
4
-

20
16
4
4

17
16
1
1

5
3
2
2

10
10
-

2
2
2

39
30
9
9

_

5
_

-

-

-

-

22
22

10
10

66
66

12
12

25
25

26
26

40
40

6
6

32
32

35
35

4
4

12
12

28
28

8
8

18
18

8
8

91
91

22e

7

22 8

28
28

2
2

4
4

1
1

9
9

1
1

-

-

-

"

“

6
6

~

2
2

3
3

5
5

3
3

17
17

15
15

6

8
5

13
13

19
19

15
15

ec
67

2
2

24
24

31
31

34
34

_
-

-

“

5
5

6
6

6
6

_

_

-

_

_

-

_

and late shifts.

-

1
1
16
16

_
1
1

-

_

-

6

_

-

23
23

-

-

_

3
3

*

_

_

22
22

_

_

-

_

-

20
20

-

3 .40

27
27

“

22
22

3.7 5
3 .7 5

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s,
2 F o r de fi ni tio n o f t e r m s , s e e foo tn o te 2, table A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and ot her public utili ti es.

2.8 0

and
under

CARPENTERS? MAINTENANCE----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

HELPERS,

t

7

_
22
22

28
28

_

_
~

_
-

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

_

_

_

-

7
7

17
17

_

_

3?
33

11
ii

47
47

_

4
4

35
35

10
Table A -5.
(A v e ra g e

Custodial and Material M ovem ent Occupations

s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C a n t o n , O h io , A p r i l 1 9 6 6 )1
5
4
3
2

Number

of
M ean3

M edian3

Middle range3

Under
S
i

20

$
1 .2 0

S
1 .4 0

$
S
1 •5 C I . 6 0

$
$
$
i 70 1 . 8C 1 . 9 0

S
S
2. 00 2 . 1 0

S
2.2 0

2 .3 0

2.4 0

$
2 .5 0

S
2 .6 0

S
2.7 0

$
2 .80

*
2 .9 0

$
3.0 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3.4 0

1 ,5 0

1 .5 0

l.tc ] , 7 0

i

2. 10 2 . 2 0

2 .3 0

2.4 0

R. 50 2 . 6 0

2.7 0

2.8 0

2 .90

3.0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 C 3 .8 0

-

1
1

12
12

14
14

31
31

27
27

8
8

92
92

48
48

7

-

-

12

14

28

27

8

92 7

48

24
16

232
231
1

23
17

2

22

-

-

2

-

-

54
33
21

24 9
241
8

141
141

27
24

67
65

44
27
17

20
19

17
17

8
8

11

7
35
35

34
34

5

36
36

4

18
18

5

-

u
a

13
13

n

13
12

34
34

s
2 .9 9
2.9 9

25 0

$
2.7 3
2 .8 3

2A3

2 .8 4

2.9 3

2 .6 9 -

2 .2 9
2.4 3
1.7 3

2 .3 9

2 .1 9 2 .3 3 1 .4 9 -

2 .5 5
2 .5 6
1.9 5

12 7
34

1.63
^ •1 6

1 .3 3 1 .8 8 -

1.9 9
2.3 8

916
737
1 79

2.5 3
2.5 3
2. 54

<-•45

2 .3 4 2 .4 0 2 .1 9 -

2.6 9
2.6 7
3.3 1

105
5-5

2 .5 2
2 .3 9

2 .5 3
< .41
-

2 .3 0 <-.e6

2.9 2
^ .4 9

191
179

2.5 6
2 .6 4

2.6 1
2.6 2

2 .3 8 2 .4 1 -

2 .8 6
2.8 7

69
50

2.6 9
2.8 1

2.7 4
2.7 8

2 .5 8 2 .6 8 -

2 .7 7
2 .7 7

2 .8 2
2.8 2

2 .7 1 2 .7 0 -

2 .8 8
2 .8 8

54
36

2.6 7
2 .7 2

2.6 8
2 .6 9

2 .6 1 -

2.9 3
<-*94

2 .6 8
2.9 1

0

2 .1 3 2 .8 4 2 .0 0 1 .9 8 -

3 .0 4
3 .0 4
3 .2 6
3 .4 3

2.0 0

2 .3 9
2 .9 3

78
76

80 1 . 9 0

2.9 9

652
123

C JAK L/o A i L HA 1UM r.P
jv
P /
n I
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

$
1.3 0

$
2 .9 1
2.9 2

s

s

3.6 0

and
under
1 .3 0

$
2 .6 3 2 .6 8 -

b a s is

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv ing s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn in gs o f—

Hourly ea m ings2

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in du str y di v is i o n

on an a re a

8

8

3
3

5

3

4

GUAR CS:

JANITORS,

JANITORS,

PACKERS,

PDRTFRS,

PORTERS,

ANC CLEANERS------

1 .6 7

3
11

4

1

16

23

15

17

11

4

1

16

23

10

17

8

60

i

15

1

8
8

16
16

13

7
6

7f

3 59

1.3 9
2
2.5 6
2 .5 6

07

13

1

6

11

6

11

'

13

15

1

J

28
18
10

41
31
10

81
49
32
12
12

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

3

-

54
53

2
2
2

i

4

4

4

2

1

19
14
89

75

86
84

72
60

2.5 6

2.9 6
2.1 7
2 .0 7

2.1 5

2.3 5

1 .5 1 -

2.81

26 9
179

2 .7 3
2 .9 6

3 .0 0
3.0 3

2 .3 6 3 .0 0 -

3.0 5
3 .0 7

2 34
101

3 .0 6
2 .8 7

2 .9 9
2 .8 8

2 .7 9 -

2.6 7
2 .6 6

2 .6 8
2.6 7

2 .4 6 2 .4 6 -

2.8 8
2.8 7

28
28

118
115

2 .7 5
2 .7 5

2.8 5
2 .8 5

2 .8 1 - 2.8 9
2 . 8 1 - 2 .8 9

14

19
18

10

2.9 6

530
5 20

56

33
1
32

4

4

4

4

4

32

67
64

51

4

18
18

-

6
13
13

1
26
25

16
16

107
82
25

149
148

8

93

6

93
93

2

-

6

93

4

-

8

TO
13
3

21
1

1
1

52
1

8
8

4

2

27
24

21
21

i

28
28

53

12
11

63
63

72
72

38
29

77
77

-

133
133

-

HEAVY (OVER A TONS,

MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

12

5

4

1

52
52

66
66

66
66

54
53

POWER (OTHER THAN

Data li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x ce p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e indic ate d.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , ho l id a y s,
F o r def in it ion o f t e r m s , se e fo ot not e 2, tabl e A - l .
Incl ude s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and type o f tr u c k o pe r at ed .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and oth er p u bl ic ut ili t ie s.




52
48

(UNDER

MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

153
153

6

.8

33

LIGHT

TRUCKCRIVERSt MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2

TRUCKERS,

29
26

7

*

2 52

TRUCKORIVERS,

l e
16
2

31
25

ANC CLEANERS

SHIPPING --------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS,

4

1
1

16
8

and late shifts.

75
75

12
12

-

11
B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , C a n t o n , O h i o , A p r i l 1966)

In e x p e rie n ce d typ ists
Ma nuf a c tu r i ng
M inim um w eek ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u strie s

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o rk e rs 2
N onm anufacturing

M anufacturing
A ll
in d u s trie s

Base d on standard w eek ly h ours 3 o f---A ll
sch e d u le s

40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eek ly h ou rs 3 of--A ll
sch ed u les

40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

E sta b lish m en ts stu died________________________________________

90

51

XXX

39

XXX

90

51

XXX

39

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ________________

38

25

25

13

11

43

27

26

16

13

_
8
4
3
3
6
3
4
1
1
5

.
5
2
2
1
5
2
2
1
5

_
5
2
2
1
5
2
2
1

_
3
2
1
2
1
1
2

_
3
2

_
5
3
3
2

_
5
3

1
5
3

_
5
2
-

-

-

-

1

1

5

-

-

4

3
2
4
2
1
2
4

-

1
1
1
2

1
10
6
3
4
6
3
3
2
1
4

2
1
1
2
1
-

1
1
1
2
1
-

22

15

XXX

7

XXX

33

21

XXX

12

XXX

30

11

XXX

19

XXX

14

3

XXX

11

XXX

$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over.

$50.00 ---------------------------------------------------$52 .50-----------------------------------------------------$55.00 _________________ _______________
$57 .50-----------------------------------------------------$ 6 0 .0 0 . --------------------------------------------------$62 .50____________________________________
$65 .00____________________________________
$67 .50 -----------------------------------------------------$ 7 0 .0 0 . ____________________ _____________
$72 .50____________________________________
__________________________________________

E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m

____________

E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y ------------------------------------------------------------------------

'

-

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m st a r t i n g (h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e pa i d f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h as m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




5

2
1
2

standard w ork w eek s.

12




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s b y ty p e and am ount o f d iff e r e n t ia l,
C a n ton , O h io, A p r il 1966)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h avin g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on —

S e c o n d s h ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o rk

98. 0

96. 6

28. 3

15. 6

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

96. 7

95. 2

28. 2

15. 5

93. 4

92

.0

27. 3

14. 8

c e n t s ---------------------------------- -----------------------c e n ts - ------- — ---------------------------------------c e n t s ------ — _____________________________
cen ts
„
,
6 V3 c e n t s _______ __ __ _________ ______________
7 c e n t s ------ ---- ------------ ----------------------------7 V2 c e n t s — -------------------------------------------c e n t s ____ __ ___ ______ ________ __________ _
4/ s c e n t s _____________________________________
9 c e n t s ________________________________________
10 c e n t s _______________________________________
11 c e n t s ----- ------------------- ------ -------------------12 c e n ts ____________ ____ - _____________
I 3 V3 c e n t s _______________
________ _____
14 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------15 c e nt s _______________________________________
16 c e nt s _______________________ _______________
20 c e n t s _________ ________ _________________

.6
.8
1 1 .3
2. 4
2. 3
1. 2
5 8 .4
6. 5
6. 4
.3
2. 8
.4
-

2. 3
.8
4. 0
2. 4
5. 6
12. 7
1 .2
57. 4
2. 8
1 .2
.4
1. 2

. 1
. 3
2 .9
.8
. 5
.4
17. 5
1 .7
2. 4
.6
. 1
-

_

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ____________________________

3. 2

3. 2

.9

.7

5 percen t
.
_____ „
7Vz p e r c e n t __________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ____________________________________

3. 2
-

.9
-

-

-

.3
2 .9

-

.7

1 .4

1 .4

. 1

. 1

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ________________________
U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) ______________________
3
4
5
6

8
8

W ith no s h ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________

_______

-

-

.6
. 2
.9
.7
. 5
1 .4
.3
9 .7
. 1
. 1
(1)
2
.3

1 In c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts
e v e n th ou gh th ey w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

13
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by sch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , C anton, O h io, A p r il 1966)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e

w o rke rs

W e e k ly h o u r s
A l l in d u s t r i e s 1

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

1
1

1

2
84

100

100
(*)

4

1

82

4

4

88

1

89
(4)
3

1

93
(4 )

3

In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n sep a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

5

15

5

6

1
2
3
4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

4

1

42 h ou rs
44 h o u r s
45 h o u r s

1
1

100

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

(*)

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 1
2

100

14
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , C a n t o n , O h io , A p r i l 1966)

Plant w o rk e rs

O ffic e w o rk e rs

Item
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u t i li t ie s 1
2

A ll in d u s tr ie s 3

M anufacturing

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

100

A ll w o r k e r s

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p aid h o lid a y s ______________________ ____________
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s _________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

97

99

91

99

100

100

3

1

9

(4)

■

(4)
25
(4)
8
41
(4)
4
17
3
1

.
11
1
11
51
(4)
6
14
4
1

1
4
25
25
73
74
99
99
99

1
6
26
26
88
89
100
100
100

N um ber o f days

L e s s than 6 h olid a ys
6 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
6 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day
6 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf days „ ____________ . . _
7 h o lid a y s ______ ____________ _________ _______
7 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day
_
_ _
7 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
8 h olid a y s _
__
__
9 h o lid a y s ______ ___________________ _________ _
10 h o lid a y s _________________________________________

1
12
-

3
45
8
19
10
"

.

.

7
-

10

4

48
10
18
12

_

-

24
57
-

_

.
8
-

17
. 75
-

"

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 5
10 days
9 days o r m o r e ____________________________________
8 days o r m o r e
7 V2 days o r m o r e
7 days o r m o r e ____________________________________
6 7 2 days o r m o r e __________________________________
6 days o r m o r e ____________________________________
5 days o r m o r e ___________________ ______________
3 days o r m o r e

1
2
3
4
5
n o h a lf

_
10
36
36
84
84
96
96
97

_
12
39
39
92
92
99
99
99

_
-

57
57
81
81
91
91
91

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s in c lu d e s
d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u la t e d .




_
-

75
75
92
92
100
100
100

t h o s e w it h 7 f u l l d a y s a n d

15
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y

p r o v is io n s , C anton, O h io, A p r il 1966)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk e rs

V a ca tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s trie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________________________

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u t i li t ie s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturing

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
70
29
-

100
65
35
-

100
100
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

30
7
3
-

35
5
-

17
*

6
31
34
1

7
39
39
1

35
*

(6)
85
6
7

_
91
7
2

.
61
30

(6)
25
75

.
16
84

48
52

74
8
14
3

83
9
5
4

10
18
72
-

11
1
88
-

6
1
93
-

7
8
85
-

11
16
68
4
*

12
19
65
5
-

_
3
88
9
-

2
1
96

2
1
95
2

_
100
-

10
14
70
5
(6)

11
17
67
5
(6)

-

2

2

3
88
9
-

-

-

1
1
87
6

-

-

1
90

91
9

M ethod o f paym ent
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s ____________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent __ __ __ ___ __
P e r c e n ta g e p aym ent___________________________
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t_____________________________
O th e r __ _
______ ________________
.. .
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g
no p aid v a c a t io n s . _____________________________
A m oun t o f v a ca tio n p a y 5
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k . . . . . ____________ __ ___ __
1 w eek____
________
_______ . . ___________
O v er 1 and und er 2 w e e k s _______________________
__ ______
______
2 w eek s
_
A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k
_
_______
1 w e e k _____________________ ___
________________
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k . _______ ____ ______ __________________ _
O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________________________
A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k . ______ _________ __
___ . . _____ __
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______ —
__ _
___ . -------- -----O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eek s ___ . . . ______ ___ _____ __________ __

-

1

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________ _______________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ______ _________
_______________________
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____ . .
__
_____
— ____ __ __

-

97
2

95
3

100
-

(6)
93

"
93

100

4
4

-

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____ . . __ ____________________________
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________________________

kS .........................................
S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le .




4

7
2

3
4

16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1----Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s . C a n t o n , O h io , A p r i l 1966)

O ffice w o rk e rs

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A l l in d u s t r i e s 1
2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

( 6)
30
3
66
1

_

_

24
4
70
_
2

32
_

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 5— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

i
21
13
62
1

_

_

20
16
63
1

( 6)

( 6)

41
51
9
-

1
16
13
67
1

15
16
67
1

31
60
9

( 6)

( 6)

-

1
5
86
4
4

_
4
88
4
4

( 6)
91
9

1
5
64
4
24

4
74
5
17

( 6)
34
9
57

( 6)

( 6)

*

1
5
15
6
68
4

4
17
7
67
5

(‘ )
3
9
88

1
5
15
6
68
4

_
4
17
7
67
5

68
_
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________

.

_

( 6)
27
4
68
_
1

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________

_

-

( 6)
4
90
4
2

_

_

21
5
73
_

28
_
72
_

2

-

_

_

2
91
5
2

1
99
-

_
2
59
6
33

_
1
29
70

-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------ ---------------------------- -------- -

_

( 6)
4
53
4
39
( 6)

( 6)

-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------- ---------------------------------

_

( 6)
4
15

2

76

-

3

_

( 6)
4
15
2
76

_

.

2
11

2
97

3
80
4

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
_ _ _ _
_
4 w e e k s __________ _______ _ _ _ __ _____ ___ ___ _
O v e r 4 w e e k s _________________________________________

(6)
9
91

3

_

2
11
3
80
4

1

-

_
1

2
-

97

1 In clu d es b a s ic plans on ly. E x clu d e s plans such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and th o s e plans w h ich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n efits beyon d b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s w ith qualifying lengths
o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f such e x c lu s io n s a r e plans in the s t e e l, alum inum , and can in d u s tr ie s .
2 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra tely .
3

T ra n s p o r ta tio n ,

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

and o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .

4 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
5 In clu des paym ents o th e r than "le n g th o f t im e ," such as p e rce n ta g e o f annual e arn in gs o r fla t -s u m p a ym e n ts, c o n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s is ; f o r ex a m p le , a paym ent of 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and d o not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in d ivid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r ex a m p le, the
ch an ges in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a te s a r e cu m u la tiv e.
T h u s, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay
o r m o r e a fter 5 y e a r s in clu d e th o se w ho r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e rce n t.




17
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s em p lo ye d in e sta b lish m en ts provid in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p en sion b e n e fits , 1 C anton, O h io, A p r il 1966)
Plant w o rk e rs

O ffic e w o rk e rs

T ype o f be n e fit
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1
2

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________________________

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

100

99

100

100

43

44

39

50

48

21

94

99

69

94

98

69

87

98

28

68

86

21

-

58

54

40

100

M anufacturing

M anufacturing

P u blic u tilitie s 3

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts p ro vid in g:
L ife i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------------S ick n es s and accid en t in s u ra n ce o r
s ic k lea v e o r both 5__________________________
S ick n e s s and a ccid e n t
in s u r a n c e __________________________________
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ). ----------- -----------------------S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
______
_ ------w aiting p e r io d )_______
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ____ . ___________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
M ed ica l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e ________________________
R e tirem en t p e n s io n .. _____ _________________
N o health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n plan______

3
5
95
95
60
19
89
1

-

1

51

4

1

27

100
99
59
9
93

100
100
90
96
69

96
94
72
58
87
( 6)

100
99
77
56
91

100
100
99
94
68

_________________________
1 Inclu des th ose plans f o r w h ich at le a s t a p art o f the c o s t is bo rn e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x ce p t th o s e le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and. r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
2 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u tilitie s .
4 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U nduplicated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a ccid e n t in s u ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to th ose w hich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m n u m ber o f d a y s ' pay that ca n be e x p e cte d b y each e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te r m in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e exclu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e rce n t.




18
Table B-7. Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and Their Dependents
(P e r c e n t o f plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts pro v id in g health in s u r a n c e b en efits
c o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir d epen den ts, Canton, O hio, A p r il 1966)
Plant w o rk e rs

O ffic e w o rk e rs

T ype o f b e n efit, c o v e r a g e , and f in a n c in g 1
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1
2

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________________________

M anufacturing

P u b lic u t i li t ie s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

95
4
4

100
4
4
-

100
3
3
-

96
10
7
2

100
3
3
-

100
4
4
-

91
78
11

96
86
8

97
46
42

86
57
23

97
76
19

96
32
49

1

1

9

4

-

15

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g:
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e --------------------------------C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s o n l y ----------------------- _
E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d ---------------------------------J oin tly fin a n ce d --------------------------------------C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir
d e p e n d e n ts ------ — ---------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d ---------------------------------J oin tly fin a n ce d _________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ced f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n ced fo r d ep en d en ts______
E m p lo y e r fin a n ced f o r depen dents;
jo in t ly fin a n ced fo r e m p l o y e e s ---------S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s o n l y ---------------------- E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d ---------------------------------J oin tly fin a n ce d --------------------------------------C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and th eir
dependents _______________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d ------------------ ------- ----J oin tly fin a n ce d --------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in tly fin a n ced f o r depen den ts---------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced fo r dependents;
jo in t ly fin a n ced fo r e m p l o y e e s ---------M ed ica l in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s o n l y --------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ___________ _________
J oin tly fin a n ced --------------------------------------C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and th eir
d e p e n d e n ts ------------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d ---------------------------------J oin tly fin a n ce d --------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n ced fo r d ep en d en ts---------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced fo r depen dents;
jo in t ly fin a n ced fo r e m p l o y e e s ---------C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e _________________________
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s o n l y --------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d ______________________
J oin tly fin a n ced --------------------------------------C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir
d e p e n d e n ts ------------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ______________________
J oin tly fin a n ce d --------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in tly fin a n ced fo r depen den ts---------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced fo r dependents;
jo in t ly fin a n ced fo r e m p l o y e e s ----------

(5)

1

1

-

2

2

-

95
3
3

99
3
3

100
3
3

99
2
2

100
4
4

-

-

94
9
7
2

91
78
11

96
87
7

97
46
42

85
57
23

97
76
19

96
32

1

1

9

4

-

15

1

1

-

2

2

-

60
4
3

59
3
3

90
3
3

77
2
2

99

(5)

-

~

72
5
2
2

56
47
8

56
49
5

87
40
38

68
42
23

74
55
17

96
32
49

1

1

9

1

-

15

-

-

-

2

2

-

19

(5)

9
4
4
-

96
-

58
4
1
2

56
1
1
-

94
-

14
7
6

4
2
1

96
45
38

55
32
19

54
43
9

94
27
49

1

13

2

-

19

”

“

2

3

“

(5 )

5

4

1
'

-

-

49

4

4
-

1 In clu des plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p art o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r .
See fo o tn o te 1, table B -6 .
An e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as p rov id in g b e n e fits to e m p lo y e e s for
th eir depen dents i f such c o v e r a g e w as a v a ila b le to at le a s t a m a jo r it y o f th ose e m p lo y e e s one w ould u su a lly e x p e ct to have depen dents, e. g. , m a r r ie d m en , even though they w e re le s s than
a m a jo r it y o f a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s .
The e m p lo y e r b e a r s the en tire c o s t o f " e m p lo y e r fin a n c e d " plans.
The e m p lo y e r and e m p lo y e e sh are the c o s t o f " jo in t ly fin a n c e d " plans.
2 In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er pub lic u tilitie s .
4 In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n sep a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




19
Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans1
5
4
3
2
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s ,
b y t y p e o f p la n , C a n t o n , O h io , A p r i l 1966)

Type of plan

A ll w o rk e rs_____________________________________
W o rk ers in estab lish m en ts providing
p ro fit-sh a rin g plan s___________________________
P lans providing for c u rre n t
d istrib u tio n ________________________________
P lan s providing for d e fe rre d
d is trib u tio n __ ____________________________
P lan s providing for both c u rre n t
and d e fe rre d d is trib u tio n . ----------------P lan s providing fo r em p loyee's choice
of m ethod of d istrib u tio n -------------------------W o rk ers in e sta b lish m e n ts providing no
p ro fit-sh a rin g p la n s___________________________

1
advance
p la n t o r
2
3
4
5

P lant w o rk ers
All in d u s trie s 2

M anufacturing

Office w orkers
Public u tilitie s 3

All in d u s trie s 4

M anufacturing

Public u tilitie s3

100

100

100

100

11

9

2

100

100

5

2

2

2

-

( 5)

( 5)

-

3

-

-

11

9

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

95

98

100

89

91

98

T h e s t u d y w a s li m it e d t o f o r m a l p la n s (1) h a v in g e s t a b l is h e d f o r m u l a s f o r th e a l l o c a t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s a m o n g e m p l o y e e s ; (2) w h o s e f o r m u l a s w e r e c o m m u n i c a t e d t o th e e m p l o y e e s in
o f th e d e t e r m in a t io n o f p r o f i t s ; (3 ) th a t r e p r e s e n t a c o m m i t m e n t b y th e c o m p a n y t o m a k e p e r i o d i c c o n t r ib u t io n s b a s e d o n p r o f i t s ; and (4) in w h ic h e l i g i b i l i t y e x t e n d s t o a m a j o r i t y o f th e
o ffic e w o rk e r s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions
Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for drafts­
m an, secretary, and sw itchboard operator were revised in order to obtain
salary inform ation for m ore specific categories.
S ecretary. The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A, B,
C, and D) classify these workers according to levels of responsibility. The
size of the organization and the scope of the supervisor's position are con­
sidered in distinguishing these levels. D ata published under the com posite
title of secretary are not com parable to data previously published.
Sw itchboard operator. The revised description for sw itchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead




20

of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types o f inform ation provided. The com bination of class A and class B
d ata, where both are published, is com parable to the single designation,
if previously published.
D raftsm an. The revised descriptions for draftsm an (classes A, B,
and C; and draftsm an-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
m an (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and em phasize the distinction
betw een drafting and design skills. T herefore, data presented for any of
these occupations are not com parable to data previously published.
The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a v ariety of payroll titles
and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. This perm its
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content. Because of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea co m parab ility of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions m ay
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the B ureau's field econom ists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem porary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, bills, and invoices on a m achine other than
an ordinary or ele ctro m atic typew riter. M ay also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other cle ric al work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, m ach in e, are
classified by type of m achine, as follows:
B iller, m achine (b illing m ach in e). Uses a special b illin g m a ­
chine (M oon H opkins, E lliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c . , w hich are
com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and invoices
from custom ers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
m em orandum s, e tc . U sually involves ap p licatio n of predeterm ined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
w hich m ay or m ay not be com puted on the billing m ach in e, and
totals w hich are au to m atically accum u lated by m achine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large num ber of carbon copies of the b ill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
B iller, m achine (bookkeeping m ach in e). Uses a bookkeeping
m achine (Sundstrand, E lliott Fisher, R em ington Rand, e tc ., w hich
m ay or m ay not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers' bills
as p art of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally involves the
sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers' ledger record. T he m a ­
chine au to m atically accum ulates figures on a num ber of v e rtic al
colum ns and com putes, and usually prints au tom atically the d ebit or
cred it balances. Does not involve a know ledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and cred it slips.

O perates a bookkeeping m achine (R em ington Rand, E lliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational Cash R egister, w ith or w ithout a type­
w riter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity w ith the
structure of the p articu lar accounting system used. D eterm ines proper
records and distribution of debit and cred it item s to be used in each
phase of the work. M ay prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little know ledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tom ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under b ille r, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, e tc . M ay check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. U nder general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or m ore sections of a com plete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishm ent's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

21

22
C L E R K , A C C O U N T I N G — C on tin u ed

led g er or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers w ith proper accounting
distribution; and requires judg m ent and experience in m aking proper
assignations and allo cation s. M ay assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and m ay direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. U nder supervision, perform s one or m ore routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reco nciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting sim ple cost accounting d ata. This job does not
require a know ledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in w hich the m ore routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis am ong several w oikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a num ber
of varied subject m a tter files, classifies and indexes file m aterial
such as correspondence, reports, tech n ical docum ents, e tc . M ay
also file this m a te ria l. M ay keep records of various types in con­
ju n ctio n w ith the files. M ay lead a sm all group of low er lev el file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by sim ple
(su bject m atter) headings or partly classified m a terial by finer sub­
headings. Prepares sim ple relate d index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m a terial in files and forwards
m a te ria l. M ay perform related cle ric al tasks required to m a in tain
and service files.
Class C . Perform s routine filing of m a terial th a t has already
been classified or w hich is easily classified in a sim ple serial classi­
ficatio n system ( e .g . , alp h ab etical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested, locates readily av ailable m a terial in files and forwards
m a terial; and m ay fill out w ithdraw al charge. Perform s sim ple
c le ric a l and m anual tasks required to m ain tain and service files.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers' orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m a il,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any com bination of the follow ing:
Q uoting prices to custom ers; m aking out an order sheet listing the item s




CLERK,

O R D E R — C o ntinued

to m ake up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departm ents to be filled.
M ay check w ith cred it departm ent to determ ine cred it rating of custom er,
acknow ledge receip t of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
th a t they have been filled , keep file of orders receiv ed , and check shipping
invoices w ith original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
C om putes w ages of com pany em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. D uties involve: C alculating workers' earnings
based on tim e or production records; and posting ca lcu late d data on payroll
sheet, showing inform ation such as w orker's n am e, w orking days, tim e,
ra te , deductions for insurance, and total w ages due. M ay m ake out paychecks and assist paym aster in m aking up and distributing pay envelopes.
M ay use a ca lcu latin g m achine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Prim ary duty is to operate a C om ptom eter to perform m ath e­
m a tical com putations. This job is not to be confused w ith th a t of statis­
tic a l or other type of clerk, w hich m ay involve frequent use of a C om p­
to m eter but, in w hich, use of this m achine is in cidental to perform ance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
U nder general supervision and w ith no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces m ultip le copies of typew ritten or handw ritten m a tte r, using a
M im eograph or D itto m ach in e. M akes necessary adjustm ent such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or D itto m aster. M ay keep file of used stencils or D itto m asters.
M ay sort, c o llate, and staple com pleted m a terial.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A . O perates a num erical an d /o r alp h ab etical or com bina­
tion keypunch m achine to transcribe data from various source docu­
m ents to keypunch tab ulating cards. Perform s sam e tasks as low er
lev el keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires applicatio n

23

K E Y P U N C H O P E R AT O R — Con tin u ed

o f coding skills and the m aking of som e determ inations, for ex am ple,
locates on the source docum ent the item s to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several docum ents; and searches for and interprets
inform ation on the docum ent to determ ine inform ation to be punched.
M ay train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or follow ing specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source docum ents to punched
cards. O perates a num erical an d/or alp habetical or com bination
keypunch m achine to keypunch tab ulating cards. May verify cards.
W orking from various standardized source docum ents, follows specified
sequences w hich have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problem s arising from erroneous item s or codes, m issing inform ation,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
m inor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing
m a il, and other m inor cle ric al work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary , norm ally to one individual. M ain­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the d a y -to -d ay work
activ ities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m in i­
m um of d e tailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including m ost of the follow ing: (a) R eceives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incom ing m a il, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the tec h n ica l inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, m aintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) m aintains the
supervisor's calendar and m akes appointm ents as instructed; (d) relays
m essages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) perform s stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f com parable
nature and difficulty. The work typ ically requires know ledge of office
routine and understanding o f the organization, program s, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— C ontinued
Exclusions
Not all positions th a t are title d "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Exam ples o f positions w hich are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions w hich do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, tec h n ica l, or m anagerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in w hich the duties are either substantially m ore routine or substan­
tia lly m ore com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; an d (e ) assistant type positions w hich involve m ore difficult or m ore
responsible tec h n ica l, adm inistrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties w hich are not typ ical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the lev el definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-w ide
policym aking role w ith regard to m ajor com pany activities. The title
"vice president, " though norm ally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose prim ary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or cred it actions; adm inister individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a cle ric al staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the follow ing lev el definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairm an of the board or president of a
com pany th at em ployes, in a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,0 0 0 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of
the board or president) of a com pany th a t em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but
few er than 2 5,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (im m ed iately below the corporate
officer lev el) of a m ajor segm ent or subsidiary of a com pany th at em ploys,
in a ll, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairm an of the board or president of a
com pany th a t em ploys, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairm an of the
board or president) of a com pany th at em ploys, in all, over 100 but fewer
th an 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

24

SECRETARY— C ontinued
c. S ecretary to the head (im m ed iately below the officer lev el)
over eith er a m ajor corporate-w ide functional activity (e. g. , m arketing,
research, operations, industrial relatio ns, etc. ) or a m ajor geographic or
organizational segm ent (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a m ajor division)
of a com pany th a t em ploys, in a ll, over 5,0 0 0 but few er than 25,000
em ployees; or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plan t, factory, etc.
(or other eq uivalent lev el of o fficial) th a t em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000
persons; or
e. Secretary to the head of a large and im portant organizational
segm ent (e. g. , a m idd le m anagem ent supervisor of an organizational seg­
m en t often involving as m any as several hundred persons) o f a com pany
th a t em ploys, in a ll, over 2 5 ,000 persons.
Class C
a. S ecretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose respon­
sibility is not eq uivalent to one of the specific lev el situations in the def­
in itio n for class B, b u t whose subordinate s ta ff n o rm a lly n u m b ers a t le a s t
several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational segm ents
w hich are often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this lev el
includes a w ide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
b. S ecretary to th e head o f an individual plan t, factory, etc.
(or other eq uivalent lev el of o fficial) th a t em ploys, in a ll, fewer than
5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class D
a. S ecretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
unit (e. g . , few er th an about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, adm inistrative officer, or assistant, skilled tec h n icia n or expert.
(NOTE: M any com panies assign stenographers, rather th an secretaries as
described above, to this lev el of supervisory or nonsupervisory w orker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to tak e d ictatio n involving a norm al routine vo­
cabulary from one or m ore persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from w ritten copy.




STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— C ontinued
M ay m ain tain files, keep sim ple records, or perform other relativ ely routine
cle ric al tasks. M ay operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing -m achin e work. (See transcribing -m achin e operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Prim ary duty is to tak e dictatio n involving a varied tech n ical or
specialized vocabulary such as in leg al briefs or reports on scien tific re­
search from one or m ore persons eith er in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictatio n . May also type from w ritten
copy. M ay also set up and m ain tain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility th an stenographers, general as evidenced by the
follow ing: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
and a thorough w orking know ledge of general business and office procedures
and o f th e specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
files, w orkflow, etc. Uses this know ledge in perform ing stenographic duties
and responsible c le ric al tasks such as, m aintainin g follow up files; assem bling
m a terial for reports, m em orandum s, letters, etc. ; com posing sim ple letters
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and answ ering
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing -m achin e work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A. O perates a sin g le- or m u ltip le-p o sitio n telephone sw itch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, in traplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone inform ation service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
c o llect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, eith er in addition to doing routine work
as described for sw itchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignm ent.
("Full" telephon e inform ation service occurs w hen the establishm ent has
varied functions th a t are not read ily understandable for telephone inform a­
tio n purposes, e. g. , because o f overlapping or in te rrela ted functions, and
consequently present frequent problem s as to w hich extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. O perates a sin g le- or m u ltip le-p o sitio n telephone sw itch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intrap lan t or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. M ay perform lim ite d telephone
inform ation service. ("L im ited" telephone inform ation service occurs if the
functions o f the establishm ent serviced are read ily understandable for te le ­
phone inform ation purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
eA ension num bers w hen sp ecific nam es are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator. )

25

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In ad dition to perform ing duties of operator on a single position
or m onitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or
perform routine cle ric al work as part of regular duties. This typing or
cle ric al work m ay take the m ajor p art of this w orker's tim e w hile at
sw itchboard.

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

specific instructions. M ay include sim ple w iring from diagram s and
some filing w oik. The work ty p ically involves portions of a work
u n it, for ex am p le, individual sorting or co llating runs or repetitive
operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . O perates a variety of tabulating or e le c tric a l accoun t­
ing m achines, ty p ically including such m achines as the tab ulator,
ca lcu lato r, interpreter, collator, and others. Perform s com plete
reporting assignm ents w ithout close supervision, and perform s difficult
w iring as required. The com plete reporting and tab ulating assign­
m ents ty p ically involve a variety of long and com plex reports w hich
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a m ore experienced oper­
ator, is ty p ically involved in training new operators in m achine
operations, or p artially trained operators in w iring from diagram s
and operating sequences of long and com plex reports. Does not
include w orking supervisors perform ing tab ulating -m achin e operations
and d ay -to -d ay supervision of the work and production of a group of
tab u latin g -m ach in e operators.
Class B. O perates m ore d ifficult tab ulating or e le c tric a l account­
ing m achines such as the tab ulator and calcu lato r, in ad dition to the
sorter, reproducer, and co llator. This work is perform ed under specific
instructions and m ay include the perform ance of some w iring from
diagram s. The woik typically involves, for ex am ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but sm all
tab ulating study, or parts of a longer and m ore com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature w here the pro­
cedures are w ell established. M ay also include the training of new
em ployees in the basic operation of the m ach in e.
Class C . O perates sim ple tab ulating or ele c tric a l accounting
m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, co llator, e t c . , w ith




Prim ary duty is to transcribe d ictatio n involving a norm al routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. M ay also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple cle ric al work. W orkers transcribing dictation involving
a varied tech n ical or specialized vocabulary such as leg al briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woricer who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified as a stenographer,
general.
TYPIST
Uses a typew riter to m ake copies of various m a terial or to m ake
out bills after calculations have been m ade by another person. M ay in ­
clude typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating
processes. M ay do c le ric al work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m a il.
Class A . Perform s one or m ore of the follow ing; Typing m a ­
te ria l in final form w hen it involves com bining m a terial from several
sources or responsibility for co rrect spelling, syllabication, punctu­
atio n, e tc . , of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
te rial; and planning lay out and typing of co m plicated statistical tables
to m a in tain uniform ity and balance in spacing. M ay type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B. Perform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or c le a r drafts; routine typing of form s, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying m ore
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

26

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN C ontinued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having
distinctive design features th a t differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support w ith the design originator,
and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form , function, and positional relatio n ­
ships of com ponents and parts. Works w ith a m inim um of supervisory
assistance. C om pleted work is review ed by design originator for con­
sistency w ith prior engineering determ inations. M ay eith er prepare
draw ings, or d irect th eir preparation by low er lev el draftsm en.
Class B. Perform s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignm ents
th a t require the ap plicatio n of m ost of the standardized draw ing te c h ­
niques regularly used. D uties ty p ically involve such work as: Prepares
working draw ings of subassem blies w ith irregular shapes, m ultiple
functions, and precise positional relationships betw een com ponents;
prepares arch itectu ral drawings for construction of a building including
d e tail drawings of foundations, w all sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses ac cep te d form ulas and m anuals in m aking necessary com putations
to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load cap acities,
strengths, stresses, e tc . R eceives in itia l instructions, requirem ents,
and advice from supervisor. C om pleted work is checked for tech n ical
adequacy.
Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, m anufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three
dim ensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of com ponents and convey needed inform ation. C onsolidates details
from a num ber of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested m ethods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source m aterials are given w ith in itia l assignm ents. Instructions are
less com plete w hen assignm ents recur. Work m ay be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSM AN-TRACER
C opies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracin g w ith pen or p en cil. (Does not
include tracing lim ite d to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close d e lin e a tio n .)
an d /o r
Prepares sim ple or rep etitiv e drawings of easily visualized item s. Work
is closely supervised during progress.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse-who gives nursing service under general m ed ical
d irection to ill or injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accid en t on the prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent.
D uties involve a com bination of the follow ing: G iving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated ; preparing ac cid en t reports for com pensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical exam inations and h e alth evaluations
of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out program s
involving h e alth ed ucatio n, accid en t prevention, ev aluatio n of p lan t en ­
vironm ent, or other activ ities affecting the h e alth , w elfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— C ontinued

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and m ain tain
in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitio ns, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim m ade
of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: P lan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carp enter's handtools, portable pow er tools,

and standard m easuring instrum ents; m aking standard shop com putations
relatin g to dim ensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the
work. In g eneral, the work of the m aintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al ap­
prenticeship or eq u iv alen t training and experience.




27

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

Perform s a variety of ele c tric a l trade functions such as the in ­
stallatio n, m ain ten an ce, or repair of equipm ent for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of e le ctric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
e le c tric a l equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards, con­
trollers, circu it breakers, m otors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transm ission equipm ent; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; lo cating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrical
system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to load
requirem ents of w iring or e le ctrical equipm ent; and using a variety of
e le c tric ia n 's handtools and m easuring and testing instrum ents. In general,
the work of the m aintenance ele ctrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or eq uivalent
training and ex perience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and m ay also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipm ent (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishm ent in w hich em ployed w ith pow er, h e at, refrigeration, or
air-con ditioning . Work involves: O perating and m aintaining equipm ent
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, m otors, turbines,
v en tilatin g and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and b o iler-fed
w ater pum ps;, m aking equipm ent repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of m achinery, tem p erature, and fuel consum ption. M ay also supervise
these operations. H ead or ch ief engineers in establishm ents em ploying
m ore than one engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in w hich
em ployed w ith h e a t, pow er, or steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m ech an ical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks w ater
and safety valves. M ay clean , o il, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipm ent.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or m ore workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by perform ing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping



HELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S — C ontinued

a w orker supplied w ith m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, m a ­
chine, and equipm ent; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or tools;
and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeym an. The kind
of work the h elp er is p erm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the help er is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a ­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is perm itted
to perform specialized m achine operations, or parts of a trade th at are
also perform ed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of m achine
tools, such as jig borers, cy lindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing m achines, in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning
and perform ing difficult m achining operations; processing item s requiring
co m plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and m aking necessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. M ay be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m ach in e-to o l operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex ­
cluded from this classification.
M ACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces rep lacem en t parts and new parts in m aking repairs of
m e tal parts of m echan ical equipm ent operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting w ritten instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's
handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating
standard m achine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; m aking
standard shop com putations relatin g to dim ensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of m achining; know ledge of the working properties of the
com m on m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipm ent re ­
quired for his work; and fitting and assem bling parts into m echan ical
equipm ent. In general, the m achinist's work norm ally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al ap­
prenticeship or eq uivalent training and experience.

28

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

R epairs au tom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tab lishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: E xam ining autom otive
eq uipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling eq uipm ent and
perform ing repairs th a t involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipm ent in disassem bling or fittin g parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and m aking necessary adjustm ents; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
m otive m ech an ic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a. form al apprenticeship or eq uivalent training and ex perience.

L ubricates, w ith oil or grease, the m oving parts or w earing sur­
faces of m ech an ical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m ech an ical equipm ent of an establishm ent.
W ork involves m ost of the follow ing; Exam ining m achines and m ech an ical
eq uipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly dism antling
m achines and perform ing repairs th a t m ainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fittin g parts; replacing broken or defective parts w ith item s
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a rep lacem en t p a rt by a
m achine shop or sending of the m achine to a m achine shop for m ajor
repairs; preparing w ritten specifications for m ajor repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from m achine shop; reassem bling m achines; and
m aking a ll necessary adjustm ents for operation. In general, the work of
a m aintenance m ech an ic requires rounded training and ex perience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or eq uivalent training and ex­
perien ce. Excluded from this classification are workers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new m achines or heavy equipm ent, and dism antles and
installs m achines or heavy equipm ent w hen changes in the p la n t lay out
are required. Work involves m ost of the follow ing; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; m aking standard shop com putations re­
latin g to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and b alancin g of equipm ent; selecting standard tools, eq uipm ent, and
parts to be used; and installing and m aintainin g in good order pow er
transm ission eq uipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the m illw rig h t's work norm ally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or eq u iv alen t train ­
ing and ex perience.



PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the follow ing: K nowledge of surface p e cu li­
arities and types of p ain t required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or filler
in n ail holes and interstices; and applying p ain t w ith spray gun or brush.
M ay m ix colors, oils, w hite lead , and other p a in t ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance
p ain ter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or eq uivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs w ater, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing:
Laying out of woik and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths w ith chisel and h am m er or oxyacetylene torch or p ip e-cu ttin g
m achine; threading pipe w ith stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling pipe w ith couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; m aking standard shop com putations relatin g to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and m aking standard tests to determ ine
w hether finished pipes m e e t specifications. In general, the work of the
m aintenance p ip efitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or eq u iv alen t training and ex ­
p erience. W orkers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heatin g system s are ex clu d ed .
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plum bing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding in stallation of vents
and traps in plum bing system ; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains w ith a plunger or plum ber's snake. In general,
the work of the m aintenance plum ber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or eq uivalent
training and experience.

29

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R — C o n tin u ed

M A IN T E N A N C E

F abricates, installs, and m aintains in good repair the sh eet-m e tal
equipm ent and fixtures (such as m achine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m e tal roofing) of an establish­
m ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and laying out all
types of sh eet-m e tal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all av ailable types of sh e e t-m e ta l­
working m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fittin g , and assem bling; and installing sh eet-m e tal articles
as required. In gen eral, the work of the m aintenance sh eet-m e tal w orker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or eq uivalent training and experience.

volves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from m odels,
blueprints, draw ings, or other oral and w ritten specifications; using a
variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision m easuring instru­
m ents, understanding of the w orking properties of com m on m etals and
alloys; setting up and operating of m achine tools and related equipm ent;
m aking necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of m achines; h e attreatin g of m etal parts during fabri­
cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
w orking to close tolerances; fitting and assem bling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allow ances; and selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or eq uivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(D ie m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage m aker)

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die m akers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-fo rm in g work. Work in­
CUSTODIAL

AND

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— C ontinued

Transports passengers betw een floors of an office building, ap art­
m ent house, departm en t store, ho tel, or sim ilar establishm ent. W orkers
who operate elevators in conjunction w ith other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishm ent. D uties involve a com bination of the follow ing:
Sw eeping, m opping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; rem oving chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m e tal fixtures or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance
services; and cleaning lav atories, showers, and restroom s. Workers who
specialize in window washing are ex cluded.

GUARD
Perform s routine police duties, eith er a t fixed post or on tour,
m ain tain in g order, using arm s or force where necessary. Includes g a tem en who are stationed at gate and check on identity of em ployees and
other persons en terin g .
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sw eeper; charw om an; janitress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and w ashroom s, or prem ises of an o ffice, ap artm ent house, or co m m ercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockm an
or stock helper; w arehousem an or warehouse helper)
A w orker em ployed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing:
Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m a­
terials or m erchandise by handtruck, car, or w heelbarrow . Longshorem en,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

30

ORDER FILLER
(O rder picker; stock selector; warehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance w ith specifications on sales slips, custom ers'
orders, or other instructions. M ay, in addition to filling orders and in ­
dicating item s filled or o m itted , keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition ad ditional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other relate d duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placin g them
in shipping containers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent
upon the type, size, and num ber of units to be packed, the type of con­
tain er em ployed, and m ethod of shipm ent. Work requires the p lacin g of
item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the follow ing:
Know ledge of various item s of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using ex celsior or other m a teria’ to prevent breakage or dam age; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
co ntainer. Packers who also m ake wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKD RIVER
D rives a truck w ithin a city or industrial area to transport m a ­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or m en betw een various types of es­
tablishm ents such as: M anufacturing plants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents and
custom ers' houses or places of business. M ay also load or unload truck
w ith or w ithout helpers, m ake m inor m ech an ical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. D river-salesm en and o v e r-th e -ro a d drivers are
excluded.
For w age study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipm ent, as follows: (T ra cto r-tra iler should be rated on the
basis of tra ile r c a p a c ity .)
T ruckdriver (com bination of sizes listed separately)
T ruckdriver, lig h t (under 1 V2 tons)
T ruckdriver, m edium ( 1V 2 to and including 4 tons)
T ruckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, tra ile r type)
T ruckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work
involves: A know ledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, av ailab le
m eans of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, m aking up bills of lading, posting w eight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. M ay d irect or assist in preparing
the m erchandise for shipm ent. R eceiving work involves: V erifying or
d irecting others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents against bills of
lad ing, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejectin g
dam aged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper departm ents;
and m ain tain in g necessary records and files.

O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow erec
truck or tracto r to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plan t, or other establishm ent.

For w age study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




For w age study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
T rucker, pow er (forklift)
T rucker, pow er (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
M akes rounds of prem ises period ically in protecting property
against fire, th eft, and illeg al entry.




Available On Request—
The

s ix th

e n g in e e r s ,

ann u a l rep ort on s a la r ie s for a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d ito r s , a tto r n e y s , c h e m is t s ,
e n g in e e r in g

t e c h n ic ia n s ,

d ra ftsm e n ,

tr a c e r s , jo b

a n a ly s t s ,

d ir e c t o r s o f

p e r s o n n e l, m an agers o f o f f i c e s e r v i c e s , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s .

O rder a s B L S B u lle tin 1 46 9, N a tio n a l S u rv ey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h ­
n ic a l , and C le r ic a l P a y , F e b ru a ry —M arch 1 9 6 5 . 45 c e n t s a c o p y .




Area Wage Surveys*
A l i s t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g d a tes o f e a r lie r s tu d ie s , and the p r ic e s o f the b u lle tin s is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t .
B u lletin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u perin ten den t o f D o cu m e n ts , U .S . G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ash ington, D. C . , 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l s a le s o f f i c e s show n on the in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e

Akron, Ohio, June 1965_________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y. , Apr. 1965__________
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1965_____________________
Allentown^Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J. , Feb. 1966*__
N.
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1965_________________________________
Baltimore, Md. , Nov. 1965____________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ., May 1965______________
Birmingham, Ala. , Apr. 1966__________________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1965___________________________
Boston, M a ss., Oct. 19651 ____________________________

1 4 3 0 -7 8 ,
1 4 3 0 -5 2 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 3 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 9 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 2 ,

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25
20
25
25
25
20
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30

cen ts
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Buffalo, N. Y. , Dec. 1965_______________________________
Burlington, Vt. , Mar. 1966_____________________________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1966 1_______________________________
Charleston, W. Va. , Apr. 1965________________________
Charlotte, N .C ., Apr. 1965____________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn. —
Ga. , Sept. 1965__________________
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19651 ---------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Mar. 1966 1_________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1965____________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1965_____________________________
Dallas, T ex ., Nov. 1965-------------------------------------------------

1 4 6 5 -3 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 8 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 5 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 4 ,

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20
25
20
25
20
30
25
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25
25

cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
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1 4 6 5 -1 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 9 ,
1 4 3 0 -8 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 1 ,

20
25
30
25
25
20
20
20
25
30

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts

1 4 6 5 -4 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 7 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 ,

25
20
30
20
20

cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1 4 3 0 -5 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 1 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 0 ,

30
20
20
20
30
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
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cen ts
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Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1966 1_______________________________
Denver, C olo., Dec. 19651 ____________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 19661_________________________
Detroit, Mich. , Jan. 1966_______________________________
Fort Worth, Tex. , Nov. 1965___________________________
Green Bay, Wis. , Aug. 1965___________________________
Greenville, S. C. , May 1965____________________________
Houston, Tex. , June 1965_______________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1965*--------------------------------------Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 19661-----------------------------------------Jacksonville, Fla. , Jan. 1966___________________________
Kansas City, M o .-K a n s ., Nov. 1965 1 _________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a ss.— H. , June 1965_________
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , Aug. 1965______
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif. ,
Louisville, K y.—
Ind. , Feb. 1966_______________________
Lubbock, T ex ., June 1965______________________________
Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 1965__________________________
Memphis, Tenn.— rk., Jan. 1966 1______________________
A
Miami, F la ., Dec. 1965 1_______________________________
Midland and Odessa, Tex________________________________

(Not previously surveyed)

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
* Bulletins dated before July 1965 were entitled "Occupational Wage Surveys."




A rea

M ilw au kee, W is ., A p r. 1965 *----------------------------------------M in n ea p o lis—S t. P a u l, M inn. , J a n . 1966________________
M uskegon—M u sk eg o n H eig h ts, M ich. , M ay 1965----------N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J. , F e b . 1966 1____________
New H aven, C o n n ., Ja n . 1966 1__________________________
New O rle a n s , L a. , F eb . 1966____________________________
New Y ork, N. Y. , A p r. 1965 1 -------------------------------------—
N orfo lk —P o rts m o u th and N ew p o rt N e w s H am pto n, V a. , Ju n e 1965 1 ------------------------------------------O klah om a C ity , O kla. , A ug. 196 5 ---------------------------------O m ah a, N e b r. —Iow a, O ct. 1965* ----------------------------------P a te rs o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N. J. , M ay 1 9 6 5 ----------------P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N .J . , N ov. 1965 1----------------------------P h o en ix , A riz . , M a r. 1965______________________________
P itts b u rg h , P a . , Ja n . 1966______________________________
P o rtla n d , M ain e, N ov. 1965 1____________________________
P o rtla n d , O re g . —W ash. , M ay 1965--------------------------------P ro v id e n c e —P a w tu c k e t, R . I . —M a s s .,
R aleig h ? N. C .T 'S ep t." 1965 1-------------------------------------------R ich m o n d , V a. , N ov. 1 9 6 5 1 ------------------------------------------R o c k fo rd , 111. , M ay 1965-------------------------------------------------S t. L o u is, M o . —ELI., O ct. 1965__________________________
S alt L ak e C ity , U tah, D ec. 1965------------------------------------San A ntonio, T e x ., Ju n e 1965 1--------------------------------------San B e rn a rd in o —R iv er s id e — n ta rio , C a lif. ,
O

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e
1 4 3 0 -5 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 8 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 7 ,
1 4 3 0 -8 0 ,

25
25
20
30
25
20
40

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1 4 3 0 -7 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 ,

25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts

1 4 6 5 -1 3 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 5 ,
1 4 3 0 -5 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 3 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 0 ,

25
25
35
20
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1 4 3 0 -6 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 8 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 3 ,

30
25
30
20

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1 4 6 5 -2 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 2 ,
1 4 3 0 -8 1 ,

25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

S an D iego, C a lif ., N ov. 1 96 5 -----------------------------------------San F ra n c is c o —O ak lan d , C a lif., Ja n . 1966 1___________
S an J o s e , C a lif. , S ep t. 1965 1 ---------------------------------------S av an n ah , G a. , M ay 1 9 6 5 -----------------------------------------------S c ra n to n , P a ., A ug. 1965 1---------------------------------------------S e a ttle —E v e re tt, W a sh ., O ct. 1965 1------------------------------

1 4 6 5 -2 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 9 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 ,
1 4 6 5 -9 ,

30
20
30
25
20
25
30

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

Sioux F a lls , S. D a k ., O ct. 1 9 6 5 1 ---------------------------------South B end, In d ., M a r. 1966 1___________________________
S po k an e, W a sh ., Ju n e 1965 1_____________________________
T o led o , O h io -M ic h ., F e b . 1 9 6 6 1_________________________
T re n to n , N . J . , D ec. 1965________________________________
W ash in gton , D. C . —M d. —V a. , O ct. 1 9 6 5 -----------------------W a te rb u ry , C o n n ., M a r. 1 9 6 6 1_________________________
W a terlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1 9 6 5 ______________________________
W ich ita, K an s. , O ct. 1965_______________________________
W o rc e s te r, M a s s ., Ju n e 1 96 5 ___________________________
Y ork, P a ., F e b . 1 9 6 6 1___________________________________
Y oungstow n—W a rre n , O hio, N ov. 1 9 6 5 1 ------------------------

1 4 6 5 -1 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 5 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 1 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 5 ,

25
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102