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jL a>o'3 *<= 30/0-4/  Area Wage Survey  Buffalo, New York, Metropolitan Area October 1981  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3010-61   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Niagara  <-eLS?&«5i  Buffalo  MISSOURI STATE  feb  111382  Preface This bulletin provides results of an October 1981 survey of occupational earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the Buffalo, N.Y., Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau’s regional office in New York, N.Y., under the general direction of Anthony J. Ferrara, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received. Unless specifically identified as copyright, material in this publication is in the public domain and may, with appropriate credit, be reproduced without permission.  Note: Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the Buffalo area are available for the machinery manufacturing (January 1980) and nursing and personal care facilities (May 1981) industries. Listings of union wage rates are also available for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau’s regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Of­ fice, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price $3.25. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents, G.P.O.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N.Y. Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif. Atlanta, Ga. Baltimore, Md. Billings, Mont. Boston, Mass. Buffalo, N.Y. Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga. Chicago, III. Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind. Cleveland, Ohio Columbus, Ohio Corpus Christi, Tex. Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex. Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—III. Dayton, Ohio Daytona Beach, Fla. Denver—Boulder, Colo. Detroit, Mich. Fresno, Calif. Gainesville, Fla. Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind. Green Bay, Wis. Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C. Greenville,—Spartanburg, S.C. Hartford, Conn. Houston, Tex. Huntsville, Ala. Indianapolis, Ind. Jackson, Miss. Jacksonville, Fla. Kansas City, Mo.—Kans. Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif. Louisville, Ky —Ind. Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss. Miami, Fla, Milwaukee, Wis. Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis. Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y. Newark, N.J. New Orleans, La. New York, N.Y.-N.J. Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C. Northeast Pennsylvania Oklahoma City, Okla. Omaha, Nebr —Iowa Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J. Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J. Pittsburgh, Pa. Portland, Maine Portland, Oreg.—Wash. Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y. Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass. Richmond, Va. St. Louis, Mo.—III. Sacramento, Calif. Saginaw, Mich. Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah San Antonio, Tex. San Diego, Calif. San Francisco—Oakland, Calif. San Jose, Calif. Seattle—Everett, Wash. South Bend, Ind. Toledo, Ohio—Mich. Trenton, N.J. Washington, D.C.—Md —Va. Wichita, Kans. Worcester, Mass. York, Pa.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  In response to requests from librarians and other users, the Bureau of Labor Statistics now makes area wage publications available through a money-saving, one-year subscription.  Area Wage Surveys Now Available by Subscription  Area Wage Surveys report on earnings and benefits in major metropolitan areas. The bulletins cover office, professional, and technical, as well as maintenance, custodial, and material movement occupations in the areas listed on this page. Order from: Superintendent of Documents U.S. Government Printing Office Washington, D.C. 20402  Order Form  Enclosed is a check or money order payable to Superintendent of Documents.  Area Wage Surveys: about 70 publications, $90*  Q  Charge to my GPO account no.  0  Charge to MasterCard. Account no.  Expiration date  0  Charge to Visa.  Expiration date  Name Organization (if applicable) Street address *For mailing outside U.S., add $22.50.  City, State, ZIP Code  Account no.  Area Wage Survey  Buffalo, New York, Metropolitan Area October 1981  U.S. Department of Labor Raymond J. Donovan, Secretary  Contents  Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner January 1982 Bulletin 3010-61   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Page  Introduction........................................................................  2  Tables—Continued A-14.  Tables: Earnings, all establishments: A- 1. Weekly earnings of office workers.................. A- 2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers......................................... A- 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex............................................................ A- 4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers................................ A- 5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers......................................... A- 6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex............................................................ A- 7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupation groups..................... A- 8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired office clerical occupations................. A- 9. Pay relationships in establishments with paired professional and technical occupations.................................................. A-10. Pay relationships in establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations .............................. A-11. Pay relationships in establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations..................................................  Page  A-15. 3 A-16. 5 A-17. 6  Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex . Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers................................ Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers .................................. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex............................................................  16 17 18  19  7 8  9 10 10  11  11  12  Earnings in establishments employing 500 workers or more: A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers................... 13 A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers......................................... 15  Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions: B- 1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks......................................... B- 2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production and related workers........................................................... B- 3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full­ time first-shift workers.................................. B- 4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers .... B- 5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers.......................................................... B- 6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers........................................... B- 7. Health plan participation for full-time workers..........................................................  20  21 22 23 24 27 28  Appendixes: A. Scope and method of survey .................................... 30 B. Occupational descriptions........................................ 36 C. Job conversion table................................................. 48  Introduction  This area is 1 of 71 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, earnings data for selected occupations (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is obtained every third year. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary reports are issued. The first brings together data for each metropoli­ tan area surveyed; the second presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­ ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.  A-series tables Tables A-l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Where possible, occupations with related duties (e.g. accounting clerks and payroll clerks) are clustered to facilitate compari­ son. The occupations are defined in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey areas, tables A-12 through A-17 provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more. Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are designated numerically instead of alphabetically. A job conversion list is provided in appendix C. Table A-7 provides indexes and percent changes in average hourly earnings for office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers. Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage trends after elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among establish­ ments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A. Tables A-8 through A-l 1 provide measures of pay relationships in establish­ ments. These measures may differ considerably from the pay relationships of overall area averages published in tables A-l through A-6. See appendix A for details.  B-series tables The B-series tables present information on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks; late-shift pay provisions and practices for production and related workers in manufacturing; and data separately for production and related workers and office workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of first-shift workers; paid holidays; paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plan provisions; and health plan participation.  Appendixes Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides information on the scope of the area survey, the area’s industrial composition in manufacturing, and labor-management agree­ ment coverage. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field representatives to classify workers by occupation. Appendix C is an alphabetic to numeric conversion list for all multilevel jobs in the survey.  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Number workers  I iuUt s (stand-  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  150  150  140  130 314.50 331.00 272.00 401.00  140  130  and  160  170  180  190  .  2  2  14  13  -  2  2  14  13  61 24 37  -  -  '  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  _ -  2 2  _  2  2  10  -  2  2  10  _ -  _  Secretaries.......................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  1,530 956 574 56  39.0 39.5 37.5 39.0  276.50 292.50 250.00 345.50  265.00 273.50 242.00 346.50  228.00240.00210.50314.50-  Secretaries I.................................... Nonmanufacturing........................  280 105  39.0 37.5  239.00 209.50  230.50 192.00  200.00- 271.50 181.50- 215.00  Secretaries II................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  354 194 160  38.5 39.5 37.5  250.00 263.00 233.50  243.50 261.50 240.00  215.00- 271.50 231.00- 307.00 213.00- 261.50  _  -  Secretaries III.................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  460 336 124  39.0 39.5 38.0  292.00 301.50 266.00  274.00 283.00 246.50  236.00- 326.00 243.00- 339.00 221.00- 313.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  Secretaries IV................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  313 202 111  39.0 39.5 37.5  313.50 328.50 286.00  300.00 323.50 275.00  250.50- 363.00 266.00- 383.00 246.00- 326.00  -  190  200  200  220  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  500  100 79 21 5  54 40 14 4  60 50 10 9  75 62 13 11  33 29 4 4  17 10 7 3  16 16  -  99 69 30 10  28 4  42  30  16  4 -  1 1  -  -  5 5  -  -  2 2  -  -  55 26 29  62 24 38  83 45 38  7 3 4  6 6  22 22  14 14  -  ■  “  9 8 1  “  "  -  -  8  34 24 10  87 51 36  44 29 15  62 57 5  34 30 4  45 30 15  38 32 6  24 15 9  24 22 2  24 18 6  17 17  6 6  “  7 5 2  _ -  29 16 13  11 11  41 31 10  45 21 24  27 12 15  23 17 6  36 21 15  12 11 1  22 20 2  43 39 4  7 4 3  5 1 4  9 9  9  17  17  6  8  -  2  -  7  9  5  1  1 •  8 7  9 9  “  ~  191 97 94  210 124 86  258 180 78  -  173 88 85 1  -  -  12 12  36 29  18 18  55 23  29 9  _ -  17 17 -  21 13 8  44 16 28  8  -  _ -  6 6 2 2  _  _  _  _  _  -  “  -  -  -  1  500 and over  105 75 30 3  47 13 34 6  1  ~  -  ~  -  2  -  -  -  7  1  3 -  4 3  17  -  48 18  14 8  59 31  46 4  35 7  16 11  6 6  14 12  52 15  17 16  4 3  17 “  48 18  8 8  56 28  10 4  17 7  12 11  "  6 4  9 2  “  1  -  7 7  8 8  “  -  -  -  -  -  6  3  36  18  4  6  8  43  17  -  1  1  -  -  -  -  5  3  -  -  10  8  16  21  -  8  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  7  63  78 42 36  100 24 76  31 20 11  34 18 16  52 24 28  42 20 22  7 5 2  11  18 18  -  4  6 6  5 5  1 1  3 1 2  6 2 4  -  17  65 42 23  95 24 71  28 18 10  28 18 10  30 18 12  27 14 13  _ -  “  “  “  “  “  1 1  “  -  “  “  _ -  46 46  13 13  5 5  3 1  6 6  16 16  13 9  7 2  11 11  ~  4 4  2  1  “  3 2  6 4  -  -  27 27  20 20  3 3  39 39  14 14  9 9  20 20  13 13  5 5  “  2 2  6 1  -  _  -  -  1 -  “  -  12 12  21 21  16 16  2 2  39 39  10 10  ”  4 4  4 4  -  “  2 2  1 1  “  -  ~  -  "  1  -  ~  140.00- 198.00 140.00- 198.00  7 7  6 6  4 4  1 1  “  4 4  9 9  16 16  9 9  5 5  -  -  -  “  ”  “  ~  -  -  “  “  166.00 195.50 158.00  137.00- 198.00 125.50- 217.50 137.00- 182.00  19 14 5  10  1  15  9  1  15  9  2 2  15 11 4  8 4 4  7 3 4  3 3  “  2 2 ~  “  “  -  -  “  “  -  ”  1  4 4  ”  11 8 3  1  10  208.00 197.50  162.00- 246.50 142.00- 224.50  12 12  2 2  6 6  -  1 1  6 4  4 4  4 4  14 14  6 2  15 11  ”  -  2  4 4  -  2  2  -  -  -  _  ”  Secretaries V..................................  90  38.5  303.00  272.00  259.50- 350.00  -  -  -  Stenographers.................................... Manufacturing...............................  350 147  38.5 40.0  252.50 271.50  236.00 261.50  201.00- 315.00 201.00- 331.50  _ -  _ -  Stenographers I.............................. Manufacturing...............................  207 100  38.5 40.0  230.00 249.00  201.50 207.50  185.50- 250.00 191.00- 264.00  _ -  -  1  3  -  Stenographers II.............................  143  39.0  286.00  285.00  236.00- 335.50  -  -  -  Transcribing-machine typists...........  73  39.5  240.50  245.50  215.00- 267.00  -  2  Typists................................................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  501 186 315  38.5 39.5 38.0  195.00 215.50 183.50  176.50 193.00 175.00  165.00- 207.50 175.00- 221.00 154.50- 195.00  13  20  13  20  7  63  Typists I........................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  348 152 196  38.5 39.5 38.0  183.00 198.50 171.00  175.00 181.50 175.00  167.50- 193.00 169.00- 207.50 155.00- 179.00  13  20  7  17  13  20  7  Typists II.......................................... Nonmanufacturing........................  137 119  38.5 38.0  215.50 204.00  195.00 173.00  154.50- 240.50 154.00- 220.00  _ -  _ -  Nonmanufacturing........................  178 172  38.0 38.0  169.50 165.00  162.00 160.00  138.50- 190.00 137.50- 187.00  19 19  Nonmanufacturing........................  112 111  38.0 38.0  160.00 157.50  160.00 160.00  136.00- 166.00 136.00- 166.00  File clerks II..................................... Nonmanufacturing........................  61 61  37.5 37.5  178.50 178.50  187.00 187.00  Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  107 51 56  38.5 39.0 37.5  179.50 195.00 165.50  Switchboard operators...................... Nonmanufacturing........................  80 64  37.5 37.0  211.00 195.00  .  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  180  170  160  3  -  11  17 17 _ 1  ~  4  -  -  “ -  “  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Switchboard operatorreceptionists..................... Manufacturing..................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities....  Number of workers  340 175 165 26  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.0  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  212.50 236.50 187.00 257.50  Median*  209.00 230.00 170.00 196.00  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range*  170.00209.00152.00152.00-  240.00 247.00 186.00 402.00  Order clerks................................... Manufacturing...............................  180 131  39.5 39.5  219.00 229.50  213.50 223.50  190.00- 238.00 205.00- 239.50  Order clerks I........................ Manufacturing...............................  154 120  39.5 39.5  210.50 221.50  212.50 219.00  186.00- 227.00 205.00- 238.00  Accounting clerks............................... Manufacturing.......................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  1,540 685 855 53  39.0 39.5 38.5 40.0  221.00 258.50 191.00 306.00  198.00 231.50 180.00 311.00  170.50192.50157.50238.00-  140 74 66  39.0 39.5 38.5  178.00 190.00 164.00  158.00 182.50 150.50  150.00- 192.50 158.00- 217.00 144.50- 170.00  39.0 40.0 38.5  195.50 248.00 173.00  179.50 224.00 167.00  159.00- 215.00 206.00- 285.50 154.00- 180.00  39.0 39.5 38.5 40.0  231.00 254.00 208.00 342.00  211.50 226.00 200.00 353.00  190.00190.00183.50279.00-  Accounting clerks I......................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing........................ Accounting clerks II........................ Manufacturing.......... .................... Nonmanufacturing.......... ............. Accounting clerks III....................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  557 166 391 723 365 358 26  249.00 299.50 212.00 345.50  249.00 281.50 219.50 414.00  Accounting clerks IV..................... Manufacturing...............................  120 80  39.5 40.0  329.50 364.00  317.50 348.00  275.50- 361.50 315.50- 429.00  Payroll clerks...................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  227 177 50  39.5 39.5 38.0  280.50 291.50 241.50  259.50 259.50 227.50  197.50- 320.00 180.00- 343.00 200.00- 269.00  Key entry operators........................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  763 381 382 61  39.5 40.0 38.5 39.5  225.00 259.50 191.00 249.50  205.00 238.50 172.50 209.00  170.50200.00158.50186.00-  Key entry operators I..................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  494 196 298  39.5 39.5 39.0  201.50 232.00 181.50  192.00 228.50 170.00  162.00- 230.00 206.00- 248.50 156.00- 203.00  269 185 84  39.5 40.0 37.5  269.00 288.50 225.50  252.00 273.50 190.50  191.00- 324.50 199.50- 324.50 174.50- 266.00  Key entry operators II.................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  250.00 292.00 213.50 338.00  120 and under 130  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  500  8  31  23  10  8  31 3  23 5  10 4  2  2  2  2  5  14  113  5  14  113  -  -  51 50 1  41 26 15  -  12 9 3  -  -  -  -  -  -  23 20 3 3  26 6  6 6  18 8  41 41  42 37  6 6  21 16  3 3  6 6  26 6  6 6  13 8  41 41  37 37  6 6  16 16  . -  . -  -  -  -  -  120 41 79  186 110 76  137 86 51 3  85 72 13 4  45 34 11 7  52 44 8 6  25 24 1 1  39 31 8 8  12 11 1 1  12  -  188 72 116 4  102 42 60  ~  108 28 80 7  _ 12 12  _ -  _ -  -  3  9  .  -  _  13 13  _  _  9  10 7 3  1  -  15 14 1  5  3  10 9 1  5  -  -  -  1  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  -  54  61  23 23  68 50 18  30 23 7  25 9 16  18 18  24 23 1  6 5 1  11 8 3  2 2  -  7 4 3  -  -  -  -  110 15 95 1  90 63 27 3  71 33 38  34 29 5 4  34 30 4 2  8 6 2 2  15 15  1  12  -  7 6 1 1  _ 1 1  _ 12 12  -  -  -  -  12  6  20 12  4 -  19 15  4 4  21 17  9 9  _ -  12 12  11 11  -  31 30 1  3  12 8 4  4 4  4 3 1  6 6  27 27  1 1  -  -  25 25  6 6  33 33  4 4  9 9  -  6 2 4 4  -  -  -  -  6 6  2 2  1 1 -  -  -  4 4  9 9  5  -  -  130 31 99  108 108  -  13  1  4  22  1  4  22  47 31 16  4  10  59  71  83 -  -  -  10  59  71  83  54  61  -  32  10  22  32  10  22  45 28 17  49 32 17  148 73 75  -  -  -  -  _  4  _  -  -  -  2  -  -  -  1 _  _  -  1  -  4 3 1  8  4  13  76  13  76  _  _  8  4  _  -  -  -  8  4  11  73  ~  “  ~  _  -  “  3 3  16 16  3  ~  7  35 31 4  6  3  27 11 16  7  _  30 28 2  6  7 6 1  57 6 51  63 3 60  62 48 14 4  86 58 28 12  90 42 48 4  50 47 3 2  50 33 17 1  17 14 3 3  -  5 5  2 2  -  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  14 14  45 45  _  _  3  -  79 32 47  37 35 2  21 20 1  14 11 3  _  5  -  5  21  24 12 12  45 43 2  17 8 9  11 10 1  13 12 1  29 13 16  3 3  25 25  -  -  24 14 10  3  3  2  3  _*J  21  _  _  69 50 19  2  _  -  17 5 12  _  2  _  _  51 25 26  73  5  _  _  -  _  _  _  -  42 3 39  _  _  _  “  11  4  -  4 4  -  29 14 15 15  _  -  -  2 2  75 37 38 16  4  _  -  ~  _  -  _  -  -  8  _  -  -  -  -  54 6 48  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  41 36 5  5 -  13  10 6 4 4  -  -  64 22 42  500 and over  _  _  -  -  -  _  4  _  _  -  4  _  -  1 1  32 32 -  1 1  34 34  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Mean2  Median2  Computer systems analysts 39.5 39.5 38.5  450.00 463.00 421.50  447.00 472.50 422.50  382.00- 501.00 403.00- 528.00 366.50- 470.00  103 69  39.0 39.5  421.00 433.50  422.50 427.50  372.50- 452.50 403.00- 485.00  115 83  39.5 40.0  499.00 505.00  496.00 496.00  472.50- 555.00 475.00- 565.50  437 226 211  39.0 40.0 38.0  349.50 376.00 321.00  337.00 356.00 317.00  294.00- 384.00 308.00- 416.00 288.00- 363.50  83  39.0  270.50  273.00  251.00- 296.50  211 116 95  39.0 40.0 38.0  329.00 355.00 297.00  326.50 354.00 297.50  296.50- 355.00 308.00- 383.00 280.50- 324.50  140 67 73  38.5 39.5 38.0  425.50 472.50 383.00  398.00 450.00 384.00  372.00- 451.00 383.50- 540.50 356.00- 398.00  Computer systems analysts  Computer programmers Computer programmers  Computer programmers  Registered industrial nurses...........  Middle range2  261 179 82 Computer systems analysts  Computer programmers (business)..  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in doll irs) of -  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1 160 and under 180  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  500  540  580  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  500  540  580  620  4 2 2  _ “ “  _  2  _  -  "  _  _  _  -  _ -  -  ~  ~  14 9 5  34 15 19  53 13 40  52 31  14  17 6 11  2  17  9  21  23  12  _  28  -  5 3 2  13  12  10  25 2  -  -  -  . -  _  -  -  . -  -  _  -  -  . -  -  -  14  -  -  -  -  -  -  . -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “ “  -  48 42 6  39.5 40.0 38.0  325.50 355.50 258.00  290.00 315.50 238.00  245.00- 385.50 279.50- 460.50 204.00- 289.50  2  16  2  16  35 14 21  20 3 17  25 14 11  72  39.0  235.00  216.00  204.00- 238.00  _  14  27  15  4  -  2 43  3 2 106 95  8 2  5 3  16 10  27 27  -  5  4  -  -  -  "  “  5 3 2  27 15 12  48 43 5  62 52 10  44 34 10  151 120  39.5 40.0  306.50 318.50  284.00 284.00  260.00- 316.00 273.00- 334.50  2  2  -  -  102 83  39.5 40.0  418.00 437.00  447.50 473.00  355.00- 485.50 358.00- 485.50  -  -  -  762 664 98  40.0 39.5 40.0  342.50 346.00 318.00  326.00 329.00 299.50  280.00- 402.50 280.00- 409.50 255.00- 386.00  -  73 61  39.5 39.5  281.00 291.50  249.50 249.50  244.00- 321.00 244.00- 332.50  -  246 224  40.C 40.C  304.50 308.50  292.00 293.50  275.00- 335.00 276.00- 335.00  -  313 279  39.5 39.5  358.50 363.0C  336.0C 336.0C  288.00- 428.00 293.50- 428.00  -  125 95  40.C 40.C  417.0C 425.0C  392.0C 392.0C  365.50- 466.00 365.50- 466.00  -  111 104  39.6 40.(  394.5C 397.5C  378.0C 377.0C  347.00- 440.0C 347.00- 445.5C  -  5 3  27 11 16  12  ”  14  2  11  6  35 31  19 16  22 12 10  34 29 5  8 8  4 4  24  11  4  6  9 9  3 3  1 1  1 1  31 28  13 10  12 2  30 25  6 6  2 2  10 10  9 5  6 6  2 2  11 11  10 9 8  “  325 226 99  6 6  -  1  1  2  2  9  44 19 25  47 25 22  22 11 11  54 27 27  21 15  11 11  6  16 10 6  7  3  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  45 25 20  31 16 15  31 25 6  5  21  10  1  4  -  3 3  1 1  1 1  -  -  —  10  15  16 8 8  33  11  15 9 6  6 6  -  7  8  4 4  2 2  11 • 11  8  5  2  4  18 15  26 26  5 5  7 7  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  4 4  3 3  5 5  15  4  30 25  7  3  1  5  -  -  1  14 9  4  7  7 7  2  1  -  -  -  3  4  18 18  6  3  2  4  18 15  25 25  2 2  2 2  2 2  1 1  76 72  71  36  51  17  54 43 11  22 21  57 54 3  7 5 2  22 22  12 12  4 4  2 2  3  2 2  39  6 6  6  1 1  -  -  9 6  30 27  7  15 6  28 28  8  20 16  67 61  29  27  9  11  16 16  2  2  3  8 8  9 9  11 9  21 14  12  35  47  27  1C  11  15  10 8  45 40  16 16  17 17  4  11  11  16  19  16 16  15 16  2 2  11  ;  5  6 6  9  20 15 5  3  * All workers were at $620.00 to $660.00. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  31 27 4  5  22 10  26  16 13  27 20 7  620 and over  32 29 1C 1(  5  _  “  17 17 2  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Av erage (rr ean*) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average (mean*) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Office occupations men  Accounting clerks III......................................  61  40.0  362.00  60  40.0  351.50  Office occupations women  Transportation and utilities................................  1,525 956 569 56  39.0 39.5 37.5 39.0  276.50 292.50 250.00 345.50  Nonmanufacturing...................................................  280 105  39.0 37.5  239.00 209.50  Secretaries II............................................................. Nonmanufacturing...................................................  354 194 160  38.5 39.5 37.5  250.00 263.00 233.50  Secretaries III............................................................ Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing.....................................  460 336 124  39.0 39.5 38.0  292.00 301.50 266.00  Secretaries IV............................................................ Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing...................................................  313 202 111  39.0 39.5 37.5  90  38.5  303.00  Manufacturing..........................................................  38.5 40.0  251.50 270.50  Manufacturing..........................................................  206 99  38.5 40.0  228.50 247.00  141  39.0  285.00  Transcribing-machine typists......................................  73  39.5  240.50  Manufacturing..........................................................  497 183 314  38.5 39.5 38.0  194.00 213.00 183.00  Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing...................................................  38.5  172.50  37.5 37.0  210.50 194.00  39.0  Transportation and utilities................................  340 175 165 26  39.0 39.0  212.50 236.50 187.00 257.50  Order clerks................................................... Manufacturing..........................................................  171 127  39.5 39.5  218.50 230.00  Manufacturing.........................................................  116  39.5 39.5  210.50 222.00  Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing.................................................. Transportation and utilities................................  1,436 624 812 41  39.0 39.5 38.5 40.0  214.00 248.50 187.00 290.00  130 74 56  39.0 39.5 38.0  152.50  532 160  39.0 40.0  193 00 248.00  Nonmanufacturing...................................................  663 319 344  39.0 39.5 38.5  220 50 238.00 204.00  Manufacturing..........................................................  111 71  39.5 40.0  322.00 356.50  Manufacturing..........................................................  191 143  39 5 39.5  249.50 253.00  Nonmanufacturing..................................................  748 377 371  39.0 40.0 38.5  222 50 257.50 186.50  Key entry operators I................................................ Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing...................................................  494 196 298  39.5 39.5 39.0  201.50 232.00 181.50  254 73  39.0 40.0 37.5  263.50 285.50 208.00  201  39.5  461.50  58  38.5  431.00  65  39.5  440.50  Switchboard operator-  313.50 328.50 286.00  347 146  345 150 195  39.5 38.0  197.00 170.50  136 119  38.5 38.0  213.50 204.00  176 171  38.0 38.0  167 50 164.50  File clerks I................................................................ Nonmanufacturing...................................................  110 110  38.0 38.0  156.50 156.50  File clerks II............................................................... Nonmanufacturing...................................................  61 61  37.5 37.5  178.50 178.50  Nonmanufacturing..................................................  Average (mean*) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  6  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  99 74  39 5 40.0  502.00 507.00  Computer programmers (business): Manufacturing..........................................................  162  40.0  387.50  75  40.0  355.50  Computer programmers (business) II:  (business) III: Manufacturing...............................................  Computer operators II..............................................  57  39.5  482.00  174 126  39.5 40 0  336.50 360.50  79 61  39.5 3y.5  321.50 338.00  Computer operators III.................................  64  39.5  411.50  Drafters................................................................  686 596 90  39.5 39.5 40.0  349.00 353.00 322.50  68 57  39.5  284.50 295.50  225 204  40.0 40.0  305.50 310.50  276 248  39.5 39.5  375.50  83  40.0 40.0  422.50 433.50  60  38.5  411.00  Manufacturing..........................................................  Professional and technical occupations - women Computer systems analysts Computer programmers (business): Manufacturing.......................................................  Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts (business) II...........................................................  of workers  Computer systems analysts (business) III.......................................................... Manufacturing..........................................................  Professional and technical occupations - men  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  78 62  Accounting clerks II.................................................  Secretaries V.............................................................  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  86 Switchboard operators................................................ Nonmanufacturing..................................................  Accounting clerks:  Number of workers  Drafters..........................................................................  Manufacturing..........................................................  64  40.0  348.00  151 100 51  40.0  349.00 243.00  72 59  39.5 40.0  290.50 298.50  76 68  40.0  285.50 288.00  111 104  39.5 40.0  394.50 397.50  Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in doll ars) of -  Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  301 122  11.16 11.14  11.51 10.38-11.90 11.42 9.75-11.51  1,405 1,329 76  12.16 12.27 10.30  12.67 10.50-13.52 12.93 10.50-13.52 10.38 9.14-11.90  181 170  10.78 11.07  10.79 9.87-11.51 11.39 10.06-11.51  479 468  10.79 10.80  2,001 1,907  612 246 366 267  7.00 Under and 7.00 under 7.20  -  . -  7.20  7.40  7.60  7.80  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.20  11.60  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  14.40  15.00  7.40  7.60  7.80  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.20  11.60  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  14.40  15.00  15.60  . -  _ -  4 -  -  10  Maintenance sheet-metal workers...  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)..  499 499  60 60  35 35  17 17  46 46  32  -  -  -  -  7  8 8  1  29 29  -  12 12  51 51  -  3  -  28 28  53 52  1  11 11  13 9  67 18  8 8  “  38 35  102  .  8 6 2  2  8 7 1  34 9 25  92 92  183 176  143 142  -  11 10 1  1  2  95 93 2  _ -  3 3  4 3  3 3  8 8  22 22  29  15 15  1  143 143  1  4  .  _  _  -  -  -  15 15  _ -  _ -  30 30  _ -  6 6  58 58  “  87  -  18 18  16 16  50 50  6 6  128 128  25 22  167  2  41  315 267  18  41  88  957 957  67 67  24 24  5  33 33  -  29 6 23  11  22  4 4  34 3 31 31  27 26  22 4  52  102  81  26  2  -  “  33 27  13  14 14  22  25 21 4 4  22  11  1  8  22  6  9  37  97  4  -  -  -  -  50 50  -  58 58  32  -  196 196  318 318  -  4  230 230  24 24  -  -  “  3 3  19  -  6 6  1  49 49  -  _  147 147  -  _  -  2 2  -  -  12.32 12.38  13.40 11.42-13.60 13.52 11.42-13.60  -  -  -  -  10.98 12.01 10.28 11.04  11.30 12.93 10.77 12.01  14 14  37  20  22  37 28  20 20  22  _  -  -  1  “  915 912  11.81 11.82  11.63 11.42-13.30 11.63 11.42-13.30  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  3  -  233 213  12.39 12.63  13.30 11.42-13.30 13.30 11.42-13.30  -  -  -  -  -  6 6  -  -  -  12.16 12.16  13.30 10.22-13.30 13.30 10.22-13.30  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  15 15  169 169  80 80  -  12 12  -  -  394  _ -  2  _ -  -  13  695 695  -  -  10 10  179 148  8.38 8.56  8.04 5.50-11.98 8.04 5.50-12.14  * 77 67  .  6 6  _ -  16 16  21 3  _  -  -  -  -  -  17 17  24 24  3 3  -  12 12  -  -  -  -  _ -  3  -  513 513  12.46 12.46  13.40 10.50-13.40 13.40 10.50-13.40  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  26 26  15 15  11 11  9 9  87 87  -  -  -  9 9  355 355  -  -  1 1  -  1,115 1,115  12.06 12.06  11.31 10.85-13.60 11.31 10.85-13.60  _ -  _ -  _ -  26 26  “  15 15  35 35  181 181  300 300  6 6  16 16  -  536 536  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  -  -  _ -  _  -  237 215  11.11 11.34  11.39 10.34-11.76 11.43 10.34-11.76  _ -  4 2  _ -  11 6  36 36  16 16  18  54  -  2  51  -  -  -  -  “  21 21  7  -  _ -  2  -  154 154  9.89 9.89  8.92-11.39 8.92-11.39  12 12  _  12 12  _ -  63 63  3 3  -  -  50 50  -  4  -  10  -  -  -  -  8.92 8.92  _  15 6  _  “  * All workers were under $6.40. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  47 47  26 9  -  10.71 10.12-11.42 10.71 10.12-11.42  :  -  16 16  4 2  Maintenance mechanics  Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  -  104 74 30  _ -  -  -  8.45-13.08 10.18-13.30 7.85-12.80 9.75-12.80  16 12  4  _ -  4  -  Maintenance mechanics  12  -  _ -  15.60 and over  7  -  “  "  -  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)* Occupation and industry division  of workers  Mean*  Truckdrivers............................ Manufacturing........................... Nonmanufacturing.................... Transportation and utilities....  2,457 721 1,736 853  10.31 10.47 10.25 11.99  Truckdrivers, light truck............... Manufacturing...............................  248 75 173  7.12 7.41 6.99  287 69 Truckdrivers, heavy truck.............  Transportation and utilities.....  Warehousemen..................................  Manufacturing...............................  564 328 236  Median2  10.05 10.52 10.05 12.77  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of —  8.42-12.77 8.87-12.77 8.42-12.77 12.07-12.77  10.58 9.41  12.77 9.38  10.00 11.25 8.26  9.37 8.42-12.31 11.55 10.04-13.17 7.40 7.40- 9.08  154 110  7.65 8.19  7.89 8.26  6.00- 9.34 6.73- 8.53  239 218  8.12 8.22  8.16 8.16  8.16- 8.92 8.16- 8.92  4.40  -  4.80  55 22 33  -  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  9.00  9.60  10.20  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  5.20  ~ 5.60  6.00  6.40  — 6.80  — 7.20  7.60  8.00  — 8.40  — 9.00  _ 9.60  _ 10.20  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  28  36  28  36  18  31  18  31  6 6  22 18 15  10  ~ “  ~  “ “  “ ~ “  “ “  9.26 8.42-10.11 9.04 7.07-10.28 9.30 8.90-10.11  -  -  -  “ -  ~ ” “  ~ ~  63 54 9  14 14  252  17 17  1 1  -  -  110 20 90 2  -  _  183 43 140 140  494 56 438 398  _ _  13 13  1  -  9 2  -  -  105 105  63 63  6 -  _ _  _  14 14  116 116  12 12  151 17 134  169 50 119  512 173 339  257 14 243  49 49  -  27 14 13  126 126  -  _  _  -  52  18  252 48  “  ”  6  " ~  “  ” ” ~  “ “  36 36 -  17 15 2  -  102  5  7  12  49  2  1  _  _  -  -  10  18 -  8 8  25 25  -  -  -  -  70 70  ” “  62 62  206 206  -  -  -  192 192  166 166  243 243  95  39  141 141  90 90  -  -  -  -  33 33  201 201  95  39  144 144  -  -  ~  “  -  -  “  42  29 17 12  7 7  ~  5 5  18 18  30 30  -  -  126 125 1  6 6  -  89 75 14  _  _  23 17 6  6 6  “  116 115 1  6 6  30 30  20  25 9 16  23  13  “  1  -  30 -  -  10 -  10  39 8  8 19  19 -  60 36  42 13 29 11  1  8  1 -  14 14  22I 22  -  -  844  103 1  131 126 5  -  _  1  _  11 6  ~  368  11 11  2 2  24  253  40 40  16  21  13781  12 10 2  12 12  21  103  _ _ _  15 15  9.70 7.18-11.42 9.54 8.25-11.42 11.53 5.80-12.72  368  77 72 5  14 14  9.55 9.48 9.82  253  136 51 85  16 16  1,666 1,316 350  1378  18  10 10  1  -  18 14  ”  '  -  -  17 13  6.00 9.04 3.80 7.911  _  114 10 104 36  15 13  3.356.003.356.98-  _ _  52  9.24 8.24-11.43 9.01 8.24-11.02  3.60 7.89 3.35 7.89  5  -  9.44 9.01  4.94 7.81 3 77 7.41  35 6  3 3  1,578 1,305  3,264 943 2,321 110  15 15  ~  -  Janitors, porters, and cleaners............  21 19  ~  14 14  5.78- 8.58  10 8  “ “ “  -  8.39  15 15  6 6  ~  7.73  1C 2 8  133 12 121  -  209  6 6  -  11  Guards II..........................................................  1  -  ~  130  1  91  -  27 22  294  91  “ “  —  844  44 42 2 2  -  35 35  3.35 3.35- 3.90 9.40 8.66-11.87 3.35 3.35- 3.45  -  125 22 103 15  -  40  294  -  370 84 286 77  10 7  25  844  -  166 80 86 1  -  6.45- 7.99  23  217 73 144 27  " -  8.09 4.75-11.34 11.34 7.32-11.34  294  146 40 106 38  2  9  844  17 17  58 6 52  “ “  “ “  3.45 3.35- 6.25 8.66 8.39-11.03 3.35 3.35- 3.50  151 29 122 1  6  8.34 8.90  4.79 9.57 3.52  3 3  6 3  ~  6.66  5.12 9.48 3.60  16 7 9  "  12.07 9.70-12.77 11.14 8.87-12.77 12.07 9.70-12.77 12.77 12.07-12.77  6.45  4 3 1  ° 6  485 412  1,676 353 1,323   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  4.00  214  1,885 486 1,399  Transportation and utilities.......  3.60 4.00  8.95-12.77 8.42- 9.75  11.05 10.85 11.09 12.14  9.02 8.80 9.17  3.40 3.60  8.42 5.05- 8.42 7.24 4.05-10.63 8.42 5.05- 8.42  1,303 218 1,085 624  1,484 622 862  3.20 and under 3.40  Middle range2  34  6  289 256 33  58 49 9  1  -  1  54 54  194 54 140 140  784 196 588 548  _  4  _ 159 14  _ _  -  175 175  41 41  -  60 60  49 49  301 301  _  229  36 36  66 25 41  14 14  543 543  22 22  -  -  -  176 1 175  37 36 1  44 44  108 108  _  _  _  _  -  108 108  _  _  -  _  _  _ _  2 2  18 18  14  _  —  —  —  —  14  3  -  75  10  -  -  -  44  _  _  _  40 40  15  48 47 1 1  132 58 74 74  66 66  136 133 3 3  62 50 12 2  70 70  _ -  125 125  -  _  _  “  “  -  -  -  -  -  “  15 11  -  _  _  37 36 1  _  -  _  -  Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex, in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean4) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  powerplant occupations - men Maintenance carpenters........................................................... Manufacturing.......................................................................  Manufacturing.......................................................................  301 122  11.16 11.14  1,405 1,329 76  12.16 12.27 10.30  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  170  11.07  Truckdrivers................................................................................ Manufacturing....................................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................................  468  10.79 10.80  1,998 1,904  12.32 12.38  606  10.96  360 261  10.25 11.02  Truckdrivers, heavy truck...................................................... Manufacturing....................................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................................  915 912  11.81 11.82  Manufacturing.......................................................................  232 212  12.39 12.63  695 695  12.16 12.16  179 148  8.38 8.56  513 513  12.46 12 46  1,115 1,115  12 06 12.06  Manufacturing................................................... ~.................  399 384  8.71 8.82  154 154  9 89 9.89  1,509 1,249  9.13  1,649 1,299 350  9.56 9.49 9.82  1,731 460 1,271  5 18 9.49 3.62  1,528 333 1,195  4.84 9.57 3.52  203  7.72  1,984 756 1,228  5.37 7.95 3.79  2,421 719 1,702 843  10.37 10.47 10.32 12.01  214  7.24 7.41  10.00 11.25 8.26  1,303 218 1,085 624  11.05 10.85 11.09 12.14  152 110  7.67 8.19  Shippers and receivers.............................................................. Manufacturing.......................................................................  236 218  8.14 8.22  Manufacturing.......................................................................  1,440 606 834 91  Manufacturing........................................................................ Nonmanufacturing................................................................ Guards I.................................................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................................  Material movement and custodial occupations - women .  Order fillers.................................................................................  9  Average (mean4) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  11.11 11.34  562 326 236  _  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  237 215  10.58 9.41  ,.  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Average (mean4) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  287 69  _  Maintenance mechanics  Manufacturing.......................................................................  Number of workers  6.63  .  Guards.......................................................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................................  154 128  4.44 3.46  9.05 8.80 9.23  Nonmanufacturing................................................................  148 128  4.28 3.46  6.94  Nonmanufacturing.................................................................  1,256 187 1,069  4.20 7.25 3.67  Table A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups, Buffalo, N.Y., selected periods All industries Period*  Indexes (October 1977=100): October 1980..................................................................................... October 1981............................................................................................... Percent increases: October 1972 to October 1973............................................................................ October 1973 to October 1974............................................................................ October 1974 to October 1975........................................................................... October 1975 to October 1976............................................................................ October 1976 to October 1977............................................................................ October 1977 to October 1978............................................................................ October 1978 to October 1979............................................................................ October 1979 to October 1980............................................................................ October 1980 to October 1981............................................................................  Manufacturing  Nonmanufacturing  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  128.8 138.7  127.3 136.5  131.8 144.3  131.3 144.2  133.2 144.1  132.5 142.0  128.5 136.9  132.6 144.7  131.7 144.5  132.1 144.5  124.0 134.3  6.4 8.2 8.1 7.0 7.6 8.5 8.5 9.4 7.7  « 8.8 7.7 6.9 5.9 6.3 8.5 10.4 7.2  6.7 10.0 10.6 8.2 8.3 7.8 8.3 12.9 9.5  8.1 9.5 9.9 10.0 8.3 8.1 9.3 11.1 9.8  7.4 9.1 8.9 8.9 7.4 9.1 10.9 10.1 8.2  6.6 9.0 9.2 7.2 8.0 9.9 9.4 10.2 7.2  9.5 9.0 8.5 7.3 7.4 9.0 9.7 6.5  o  6.5 10.0 12.0 7.8 8.4 7.8 8.5 13.3 9.1  8.1 9.8 10.1 10.1 8.3 8.1 9.3 11.4 9.7  7.7 9.6 9.9 9.9 8.1 8.1 10.3 10.8 9.4  6.2 7.2 6.5 6.7 7.1 6.5 7.3 8.5 8.3  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  o  « («)  134.1 143.4  0 0 c) o o (•) o 0 o  o <•) 0 c) c) «  6.4 7.7 6.4 7.6 6.5 10.2 11.4 9.2 6.9  (6)  See footnotes at end of tables.  Unskilled plant  (’)  c) o  Table A-8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired office clerical occupations, Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100  Occupation for which earnings are compared  Secretaries I  Secretaries I............................................................................................... Secretaries II..................................................................................................................... Secretaries III.................................................................................................................... Secretaries IV.................................................................................................................... Secretaries V........ ............................................................................................................ Stenographers I................................................................................................................. Stenographers II................................................................................................................ Transcribing-machme typists.......................................................................................... Typists I.............................................................................................................................. Typists II............................................................................................................................. File clerks I........................................................................................................................ File clerks II...................................................................................................................... Messengers....................................................................................................................... Switchboard operators.................................................................................................... Switchboard operatorreceptionists.................................................................................................... ............. Order clerks I..................................................................................................................... Accounting clerks I........................................................................................................... Accounting clerks II...................................................... .................................................. Accounting clerks III........................................................................................................ Accounting clerks IV........................................................................................................ Payroll clerks..................................................................................................................... Key entry operators I........................................................................................................ Key entry operators II......................................................................................................  Tran­ scrib­ Stenographers ing ma­ I II chine typists  File clerks  Messengers  Switch­ Switch­ board Order board opera­ clerks tor opera­ I tors -recep­ tionists  II  III  IV  V  100 126 124 137 159 97 <•) c) 81 0 75 o o 95  79 100 112 127 133 80 « o 79 c) « 81 71 85  80 89 100 114 134 81 95 84 73 78 62 0 67 82  73 79 88 100 116 74 87 o 70 76 55 o 67 76  63 75 75 86 100 <*) o c> 62 (*) 49 53 53 73  103 126 124 135 c) 100 o 0 91 c) (•> (*> 91 e>  («) o 105 115 c) c) 100 (•) (•) 88 o o o 0  o « 119 (•> o o <•> 100 92 114 c) « c) c)  124 126 136 143 161 109 c) 109 100 115 93 101 105 133  o o 127 131 c) c) 113 88 87 100 83 c) c) o  133 0 160 182 204 c) o c) 107 120 100 C) 110 134  c) 123 0 o 188 c) 0 c) 99 c) 0 100 108 136  o 141 148 149 189 110 (•) c) 95 <•> 91 92 100 124  105 118 122 131 137 c) o o 75 o 75 73 81 100  « 110 118 134 138 o 110 121 93 95 84 93 79 o  0 o 103 126 « o o c) 0 o o o 72 o  <*) <«) <■) 93 112 0 122 82 99  91 o « 85 94 « 110 78 91  84 97 69 82 93 96 105 76 92  75 79 64 72 78 88 91 67 81  73 o 56 61 73 93 80 59 70  o c) c> 97 112 o 117 104 113  91 o c) 88 99 o 100 88 97  83 (*) (*> 99 90 0 112 c) 88  107 o 98 114 118 133 132 108 116  105 o 0 99 110 131 102 97 102  119 c) 0 117 137  107 o 0 c) 132 (*) <*) 109 117  127 139 cl 111 141 162 140 114 118  « « « 90 104 o 128 88 109  100 100 81 97 105 125 113 92 94  100 100 <•) 98 95 o 126 109 96  NOTE: This matrix table shows the average (mean) relationship of earnings in establishments between any two occupations compared. Earnings for an occupation in the table stub are expressed as a percent of the earnings for an occupation in the column heading at the point where the data lines for the two intersect. For example, reading across the Secretaries II row, the 126 in the Secretaries I column indicates that Secretaries II average 126 percent of (or 26 percent   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Typists I  II  1  II  c) 189 122 116  more than) the earnings of Secretaries I. See appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  10  Accounting clerks I  Payroll clerks  II  III  IV  <•) o 145 157 179 o <«) <*) 102 <•) <*) 0 o  108 118 123 139 163 103 114 102 88 101 85 c) 90 111  89 106 107 128 137 89 101 111 85 91 73 76 71 96  o o 104 114 108 «  123 o 100 118 126 <*) 129 99 118  103 102 85 100 119 138 122 101 103  95 105 79 84 100 112 105 83 93  Key entry operators II  I  122 128 132 149 168 96 114  o 75 76 o <•> 62 C)  82 91 95 110 124 86 100 89 76 98 53 C) 71 78  92 104 82 92 87 114  101 110 108 123 144 89 103 114 86 98 86 85 85 92  80 Cl o 72 89 100 99 73 90  88 79 77 82 95 101 100 69 86  109 92 101 99 121 137 145 100 118  107 104 85 97 108 111 116 85 100  c>  c>  Table A-9. Pay relationships in establishments with paired professional and technical occupations, Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Computer systems analysts (business) II......................................................................... Computer systems analysts (business) III........................................................................ Computer programmers (business) I.......................................................................... Computer programmers (business) II......................................................................... Computer programmers (business) III........................................................................ Computer operators I............................................................. Computer operators II............................................................ Computer operators III........................................................... Drafters II................................................................................ Drafters IV................................................................................  Computer systems analysts (business)  Drafters  Computer operators  Computer programmers (business)  Registered in­ dustrial nurses  II  III  I  II  III  I  II  III  II  III  IV  V  100  84  146  129  111  172  154  120  152  147  123  119  118  144  o  <*)  114  <•>  135 85  119 68  100  173 100  58  150 84  73  122  93  78  o  84  0  o  148  112  95  o  117  86  <*)  102  176 100 126 142  130 79 100 116 88 99 117 131 110  112 70 86 100  o  143 90 101 117 83 100 119 133 105  115 76 86 100 73 84 100 114 88  105 68 76 105 63 75 88 100 87  120 81 91 108 93 95 114 115 100  78  67  119  100  79  90 58 65 84 66 68 82 84 85  81 47 57 70  136 82 107 128  127 68 89 105  o  c)  c)  o  119 <■>  86 116  100 57 77 89 « 70 87 95 83  87  175  215  124  c)  c)  0  74  117  98  o  111 131 147 123  c)  86 100 96 93  c>  113 o  100 120 137 160 108  See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  Table A-10.Pay relationships in establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations, Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Mechanics Carpenters Electricians  Painters  Machinists Machinery  Motor vehicles  Pipefitters  Sheet-metal Millwrights workers  Trades helpers  Machinetool operators (toolroom)  Tool and die makers  Stationary engineers  tenders  98 99 93  101 106 96 105  109 96 111  99 100 90 102  107 111 100 112  96 98 89 100  100 101 92 105  100 100 92 102  100 101 97 101  97 93 93 94  99 100 95 100  122  99 98 95 97  100  99  109  96  100  100  100  93  99  o  97  99  105  106  100 100 103 101 (*) 102 102 99  100 99 107 100 85 102 101 94 92  108 103 107 105 (•) 106 107 104 104  98 99 106 100 82 103  100 100 107 101  100 101 103 100 83 102 104 98 94  99 100 102 100 89 101 102 100  97 98 100 99 75 101 102 98 91  100 100 101 100  120 112 134  98 99 99 99  o  100  c)  c) c)  100 101 99  0  o  102 100 102 101 101 102 103 100 97  107  102 103 99 93  96 98 98 97 <•> 99 100 97  0 117  c)  c)  Maintenance mechanics Maintenance mechanics  c)  e> 103 101 96 95  C) 95 90  See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  c)  100 101 94 104  11  o  o  99 104  o 110 107 96 <•>  n 103 100  Table A-11.Pay relationships in establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations, Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Truckdrivers Light truck  Truckdrivers, light truck.......................................................... Truckdrivers, medium truck........................................................................................ Truckdrivers, heavy truck.......................................................................................... Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer......................................................................................... Receivers .......................... Shippers and receivers................................................................ . Warehousemen............................................................................................................ Order fillers.......................................................... Shipping packers............................................................................................... Material handling laborers.......................................................................................... Forklift operators......................................................................................................... Guards I.................................................. Guards II ..................................... Janitors, porters, and cleaners................................................................  Medium truck  100  c) o 100 o 0 o 0 o 95 117 0 o 99 o c) o 88 o 98 98 89 91 83 o 78 92 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  n  Heavy truck 0 0  100 103 <•) 0 o o 0 93 94 <•) <•) 82  Receivers  Tractortrailer (*) o 97  C) 105 o 107  100 93 (-) c) 95 o 95 91 93 « 74  100 (#) 99 c) o 98 98 100 c) 92  12  Shippers and receivers  86 c) o o «  100 100 (*) (•) 90 o «  n o  Warehouse­ Order fillers men  C) 101 C) 0 101 100  100 («) (•) (•) 98 99 c) 77  (*) (•) (•) 105 o (") C)  Shipping packers  100  (6) 114 C) (6) (e) («) (*) (6)  («) (■) (•) (•) («) 81  100 103 (*) (*) 96  100  Material handling laborers («) 102 108 105 102 111 (6) (*) 100  Guards Forklift operators  100  102 112 107 110 102 (<*) 102 (*) 97 97  103 102 (fl) 94  101 («) 90  100  1 110 120 (9) 107 100 (*) 101 («) (*) 98 99  100 (s) 95  II  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  (•) (*) (*) (*)  109 123 136 108  («) («) (*) («) («) (*)  100  131 123 104 106 111 106 107  93  100  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more In Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981  Occupation and industry division  Transportation and utilities.....  Number of workers  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  968 614 354 27  39.0 40.0 37.5 39.0  286.50 312.50 241.50 383.00  271.50 297.50 229.00 393.00  230.00259.00199.50356.00-  265 97  39.0 37.5  238.50 201.50  231.00 192.00  165 94  38.5 37.0  264.50 229.00  309 238 71  39.5 40.0 37.5  300.00 315.00 249.50  332.50 351.50 262.00 415.00  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  500  2  2 2  279.00 294.50 230.00  239.00- 343.50 255.00- 361.00 210.50- 265.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  39.0 40.0  255.50 276.00  236.00 264.00  199 93  38.5 40.0  232.00 254.50  137  39.0  290.00  15 5 10  49 30 19  37 29 8  42 37 5  26 23 3  14 11 3  26 26  _  2  5  5  -  2  5  5  30 6 24  24 12 12  18 17 1  41 11  8 8  59 31  46 4  35 7  16 11  6 6  41 11  8 8  56 28  10 4  17 7  12 11  -  _  6  8  -  6  8  1  2  1  2  12 11  22 20  29 25  7  1 1  9 9  14 12  52 15  17 16  1  8  9 9  -  -  6 4  9 2  ”  1  7  8 8  -  -  ~  8  43  17  -  1  1  -  -  6 6  5 5  1  1  2  -  “  " “  4  “  -  ”  -  -  -  1  -  ”  -  ~  -  -  2  1 ; “  -  1  2  -  “ -  -  -  1  -  -  4 3  16  1  3 -  4 3  16  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  3  36  18  4  6  14  7  45  14  -  -  7  7 5 2  24 10 14  24 6 18  7 5 2  3 3  14  45  14 13 1  9  -  41 4 37  185.50- 250.00 201.00- 264.00  -  -  306.00  238.00- 335.50  _  _  1 -  1  14  -  -  178.50 176.50  157.00- 190.50 146.00- 179.00  1 1  14 14  7 7  5 5  5 5  37 33  11  106 88  38.0 38.0  208.50 191.00  181.50 162.50  154.50- 240.50 153.50- 202.00  _  .  -  -  -  40 40  9 9  4 4  3 1  55  37.5  175.50  142.50  133.00- 214.00  7  15  12  3  3  -  -  166.00- 226.50  5  2 2  -  9  13 13  -  -  -  -  “  “  14 14  9 5  7 2  9 9  1  -  -  1  5  -  2  6  3  1  4  -  -  -  2  -  -  -  -  4  -  2  2  -  -  -  ”  2  “  “  -  -  -  _  4  -  4  ” -  -  3  5  2  10  5  4  7  .  .  1  4  4  4  6  6  7  -  -  2  3 3  6 6 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  19 13 6  33 29 4  10 9 1  20 16  12 11  12  14 14  45 45  -  1 1  -  -  “ 7 4 3  9 8 1  1  37.5  215.00  207.00  160.00- 243.00  71 65  39.5 40.0  227.00 234.00  227.00 238.00  191.00- 241.00 197.50- 248.00  2  2  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  8 6  6 6  8 8  4 4  22 22  6 6  2 2  60  39.5  211.00  219.00  186.00- 238.00  _  2  2  -  -  8  6  8  4  22  6  2  5  14  41  19  65  28  5  14  41  19  65  28  47 9 38  31 10 21  76 49 27  50 37 13  50 23 27  32 31 1  _  3 3  5 5  58 47 11  23 22 1  623 296 327  38.5 40.0 37.5  246.00 302.50 195.00  215.00 271.00 174.50  173.00- 289.00 222.00- 347.00 160.00- 211.50  66 51  38.5 38.0  176.00 164.00  156.50 150.00  144.50- 185.00 144.50- 164.50  1 1  4 4  20 20  12 12  3 3  1 1  10 1  294 134 160  38.5 40.0 37.5  208.50 247.00 176.50  200.00 224.50 167.00  167.00- 230.00 211.00- 274.00 160.00- 180.50  4  10  19  5  54  25  20  -  -  -  19  5  54  25  20  10  ■ 4  -  -  7 2  56  -  “  2  12  4  19 14 5  -  203.00 211.00  190.00  6  3  -  181.50 174.00  201.50  5  -  -  38.0 37.0  38.5  17 17  1  201.50- 322.00 203.00- 331.50  -  24 18  -  -  1 1  18 16  -  -  11  16 15  _  -  107 80  54  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  14  “  -  -  155.00- 229.00 189.00- 296.50 151.50- 202.00  22  “  . -  179.00 217.00 175.00  6  -  27 24  -  _ -  336 140  3  5 5  -  _  281.00- 378.00 312.00- 398.50 262.00- 291.00  28 25  -  -  _  324.50 358.00 275.00  27 24  3  _  218.00- 330.00 210.00- 261.50  -  14 8  29 9  -  255.00 240.00  -  2  55 23  .  -  -  4  "  15 15  -  _ -  -  16  ~  29 29  4 4  _ -  8  30  -  -  2 2  _  -  42  “  12 12  201.50- 271.50 181.50- 210.50  -  28 4  -  2 2  “  -  48 44  ”  8  -  1  46 40 6 4  -  2  -  -  71 66 5  13  2  -  56 50 6 2  100 56 44  28  16  33 29  90 68 22  98 56 42  28  13  500 and over  61 48 13 11  145 88 57  100 40 60 1  40 3 37  8  2  -  336.00 364.00 287.00  201.50 253.00 183.00  130  _  39.0 40.0 37.5  38.0 40.0 37.5  120 and under 130 _ -  186 119 67  229 61 168  Nonmanufacturing........................  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  13  10 10  6  12 9 3  18 18  “  12 -  6 5 1  11 8 3  2  1  “  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Average Occupation and industry division  of workers  hours' (stand­ ard)  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range*  Accounting clerks III....................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  208 94 114  38.5 40.0 38.0  286.00 347.50 235.50  244.00 303.00 211.00  202.00- 346.00 241.00- 485.50 189.00- 244.50  Accounting clerks IV...................... Manufacturing...............................  55 53  40.0 40.0  380.00 388.50  365.50 365.50  317.50- 447.00 319.00- 450.00  Payroll clerks...................................... Manufacturing...............................  99 82  39.5 40.0  334.50 354.00  315.50 329.00  230.00- 485.50 255.00- 485.50  Key entry operators........................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  428 272 156 25  39.0 40.0 37.5 39.5  251.00 279.00 202.50 326.00  240.50 253.00 175.50 338.00  182.50220.00155.00338.00-  Key entry operators I..................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  218 130 88  39.0 40.0 37.5  213.50 238.00 177.00  208.50 238.50 155.00  Key entry operators II.................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  210 142 68  39.0 40.0 37.0  290.00 317.00 234.50  273.50 306.00 202.50  120 and under 130  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  500  _  .  -  _  -  2  .  8  2  17  21  _ 2  _ -  _ 8  _ 2  _ 17  21  -  22 15 7  38 14 24  8 7 1  12 9 3  8 2  -  1  1  12  -  -  -  -  -  -  15  4  2  9  -  12  11  -  10 9  5  1  -  16 15  -  4  -  3  6  27  1  31 29 2  44 41 3 2  43 26 17 1  17 14 3 3  25 25  29 14  6 6  6 2  33 33  -  15  -  4  -  6  2  1  7  -  -  -  -  -  -  3 3  2 -  -  -  15 11  11 6 5  26 3 23  31 23 8  13 5 8  40 32 8  _  -  -  _ -  4 3  306.00 315.00 258.00 339.50  8  3  5  44  8  3  5  44  -  -  -  -  -  159.50­ 241.50 207.00- 259.00 151.50- 182.00  8  3  3  41  3  41  13 11 2  11 5 6  27 24 3  20 19 1  31 29 2  14 13 1  14 11 3  -  3  11 3 8  5  8  8 6 2  -  5  _  _  2  3  3  15  -  -  _ 3  _ 3  _ 15  18 12 6  2  -  13 8 5  11 10 1  13 12 1  29 13 16  3 3  25 25  24 14 10  -  -  2  .  -  2  _  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  15 2 13  1  217.50- 338.00 250.00- 398.50 176.00- 266.00  500 and over  14  -  _ 2  32 _  4  9 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of piofessional and technical workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollf  160 Mean2  Median2  Middle range2 180  Computer systems analysts (business)............................ Manufacturing................... Nonmanufacturing............  39.5 40.0 38.5  460.00 480.00 421.00  453.00 475.00 415.50  401.00- 514.00 422.50- 545.00 361.00- 475.50  39.0 39.5  436.50 460.50  428.00 442.00  399.00- 467.00 422.50- 500.00  95 63  39.5 40.0  513.00 528.50  501.00 542.00  341 192 149  39.0 40.0 37.5  358.50 383.50 326.00  220 145 75  Computer systems analysts (business) II......................... Manufacturing....................... Computer systems analysts (business) III........................ Manufacturing....................... Computer programmers (business).. Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. Computer programmers (business) I....................  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  ■ 440  20  5  16 13 3  -  2  11  6 3  9 8  18 16  -  -  -  1  1  2  2  -  “  ~  ”  45 13 32  36 17 19  40 19 21  37 25 12  22 11 11  44 27 17  14 8 6  9 3 6  21  23  7  3  1  -  -  -  -  5 3 2  7 3 4  20 3 17  29 11 18  31 16 15  31 25 6  5 2 3  21 19 2  3 3  1 1  16 8  23 8  11 5  8  8 6 2  5 5  2 2  2  1 1  -  ■  7  5  -  -  -  -  7  _  2  -  _  “  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  "  -  .  .  _  _  -  -  "  -  -  472.50- 561.50 475.00- 568.50  .  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  “  341.50 359.50 318.50  297.50- 384.00 307.00- 420.00 294.00- 365.00  _  _  2  5  -  -  -  -  -  -  2  5  14 9 5  28 15 13  278.50  275.00  271.00- 297.50  -  -  2  5  9  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  “  39.0 40.0 37.0  340.50 358.50 315.00  337.00 354.50 313.00  307.00- 359.50 331.50- 383.00 294.50- 333.00  Computer programmers (business) III................. Manufacturing................  105 60  39.0 40.0  437.00 478.50  401.50 454.50  377.50- 480.00 383.00- 548.50  232 173 59  39.5 40.0  354.50 380.00 280.50  344.50 358.00 256.00  267.50- 466.50 292.00- 485.50 215.50- 334.00  .  ‘  .  _  _  _  _  2  _  -  -  -  -  “  “  ~  6 3  5  -  26 14 12  6 3 3  18 8 10  5 1 4  27 21 6  16 15 1  9 5 4  30 25 5  7 7  5 2  5 3  10 4  1 1  22 17  10 9  4 3  7 7  7 7  1  5  -  -  1  5  1  2  -  -  460  12 7 5  .  -  162 95 67  440  27 11 16  4 2 2  -  Computer programmers (business) II.................. Manufacturing................ Nonmanufacturing........  Computer operators.... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  180  “  '  ■  Computer operators I Manufacturing.........  90 67  330.00 353.00  292.00 315.00  Computer operators II Manufacturing.........  101 83  419.50 437.00  454.00 473.00  355.00- 485.50 358.00- 485.50  _  _  _  _  4  4  -  -  -  “  3 3  4 1  18 18  ■  6 6  3 3  2  -  3 2  -  -  Drafters................... Manufacturing..  333 327  372.50 372.00  368.00 365.50  295.50- 450.00 289.50- 451.50  _ -  3 3  15 15  15 15  25 25  22 22  9 9  27 26  28 28  18 18  8 8  22 22  12 12  35 30  Drafters III.......... Manufacturing..  85 85  333.00 333.00  319.00 319.00  271.00- 393.50 271.00- 393.50  _  _  6 6  6 6  8 8  12 12  3 3  8 8  3 3  3 3  4 4  16 16  2 2  2 2  Drafters IV......... Manufacturing..  163 157  374.50 373.50  409.50 402.50  283.00- 450.00 276.00- 451.50  _  9 9  9 9  14 14  8 8  4 4  19 18  10 10  -  3 3  1 1  8 8  32 27  Drafters V.......... Manufacturing..  58 58  435.00 435.00  449.00 449.00  346.50- 466.00 346.50- 466.00  _  _  9 9  9 9  4 4  2 2  1  89 Registered industrial nurses.. 82 Manufacturing.. ► All workers were at $620.00 to $660.00. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  399.00 403.50  380.00 379.00  335.50- 455.50 337.00- 464.50  16 T5  8 8  7 3  3 3  ~   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  -  -  -  “  “  —  _  -  1  -  -  -  15  2 2 3 3  6 5  -  14 14  480  480 500  500 540  540  580  580  620  620 and over  4  261.50- 359.00 284.00- 365.50  -  460  11 11  *  11 11  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex In establishments employing 500 workers or more in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Av erage (nr ean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Office occupations -  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Order clerks I.................................................  women 963 614 349 27 Secretaries I..............................  Secretaries II........................................  Secretaries III....................................................... Manufacturing...............................................  Secretaries IV............................................................ Manufacturing......................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................... Stenographers................................................... Manufacturing........................................................  Manufacturing.........................................................  265  165  39.0 40.0 37.0 39.0 39.0  38.5 37.0  286.50 312.50 241.00 383.00 238.50  264.50 229.00  309 238 71  39.5 40.0 37.5  315.00 249.50  119 67  40.0 37.5  336.00 364.00 287.00  333 139 198 92  39.0 40.0 38.5 40.0  Accounting clerks................................................ Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................  Accounting clerks II.............................................. Nonmanufacturing..................................................  Typists I.......................................................................  Switchboard operators................................................. Order clerks................................................................... Manufacturing..........................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  38.0 40.0 37 5  199.00 247.50 182.50  104 79  38 0 37.0  179.00 173.00  38.0 38.0  191.00  53  37.0  169.00  54 67 61  37.5 39.5 40.0  56  39.5  211.00  38.5 40.0 37.5  232.00 285.00 185.00  56  38.5  167.00  273  38.5 40.0 37.0  204.50 246.50 167.00  145  268 145  Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing..................................................  40.0  260.00 310.00  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Computer programmers (business): Manufacturing.........................................................  Weekly hours* (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  128  40.0  401.00  54  40.0  362.00  Computer programmers (business) III: Manufacturing...........................................  50  40.0  490.50  Computer operators.................................................. Manufacturing.......................................................  144 106  39.5 40.0  356.00 377.50  Computer operators II..........................................  55  39.5  350.00  Computer operators III..........................................  63  39.5  414.50  277 271  40.0 40.0  392.50 392.00  71 71  40.0 40.0  344.00  132 126  40.0 40.0  400.50 400.00  52 52  40.0  444.50 444.50  64  40.0  348.00  67  39.5 40.0  353.00 383.50  192.00  130 88  40.0 37.5  238.00 177.00  195 138 57  39.0  285.00  36.5  Drafters IV................................................ Manufacturing........................................................ Drafters V........................................... Manufacturing........................................... Professional and technical occupations - women Computer programmers (business): Manufacturing...........................................  Computer systems analysts 174 123 51  39.5 40.0 38.5  480.50 431.50  Computer systems analysts (business) II........................................................  59  39.5  442.50  Computer systems analysts (business) III..........................................................  79  39.5  519.50  Computer operators............................................  214.50 227.50 235.50'  Number of workers  Computer programmers (business) II: Manufacturing...................................................  Manufacturing......................................... 37.0  Professional and technical occupations - men  Manufacturing...............................................  105 88  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  63  Key entry operators II............................................ 225 58 167  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  546 257 289  70 101  254.50 275.00 230.50 252.00  Number of workers  16  Registered industrial nurses.........................  56 56  40.0  89  39.5 40.0  2/5.50 399.00 403.50  Table A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)* Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Maintenance carpenters: Manufacturing...............................  100  Mean3  11.28  Median3  Middle range3  11.43 9.60-13.11  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 7.00 Under and 7.00 under 7.20  -  Maintenance electricians.................. Manufacturing...............................  1,191 1,128  12.43 12.54  13.52 10.50-13.60 13.52 10.55-13.60  _ -  Maintenance painters....................... Manufacturing...............................  118 111  11.04 11.29  10.88 9.89-13.26 11.51 10.21-13.26  6  Maintenance machinists.................... Manufacturing...............................  321 310  10.95 10.97  Maintenance mechanics (machinery)..................................... Manufacturing...............................  1,565 1,551  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles).............................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Transportation and utilities.....  7.20  7.40  7.40  _  7.60  7.60  4  -  7.80  -  8.00  7.80  -  8.80  8.80  8.40  8.00  “  8.40  -  9.20 9.60  9.20  2  9.60 10.00  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.20  11.60  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  14.40  15.00  10.40  10.80  11.20  11.60  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  14.40  15.00  15.60  15.60 and over  9  11  9  3  8  _  28  2  “  4  12  12  —  ■  11 10  132 125  103 102  1 -  6 4  104 74  16 16  47 47  499 499  60 60  35 35  17 17  46 46  8 6  2  1  -  -  21 9  78 78  _  _ -  3 3  4 3  3 3  8 8  6 6  14 14  15 15  1 1  23 23  -  3 3  “  32 32  -  ”  “  “  -  53 52  1 1  7 7  8 8  1 1  29 29  -  12 12  106 106  18 18  41 41  88 88  957 957  67 67  24 24  5 5  33 33  -  —  14 14  _  -  -  _ -  _ -  -  _ -  10.20 9.41-11.63 10.22 9.41-11.63  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  30 30  _ -  6 6  58 58  -  72 63  43 43  1  -  12.81 12.83  13.52 12.63-13.60 13.52 12.69-13.60  -  -  -  -  -  18 18  3 3  3 3  6 6  128 128  25 22  32 32  2  9  -  -  289 174 115 105  11.74 12.36 10.80 10.81  12.01 13.30 11.02 11.35  10.62-13.30 10.42-13.30 10.77-12.01 10.69-12.01  -  -  20  -  -  6 6  “  -  23 21 2 2  3 3  6 3 3 3  12 11 1 1  16 4 12 2  22  20 20  22 22  19 13 6 6  11 2 9 9  42 15 27 27  18 5 13 13  77 77 ”  -  Maintenance pipefitters..................... Manufacturing...............................  647 644  12.09 12.11  11.63 11.63-13.30 11.63 11.63-13.30  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  _ -  _ -  3  50 50  -  6 6  12 12  ~  ”  318 318  “  4 4  230 230  24 24  -  -  ”  Maintenance sheet-metal workers... Manufacturing...............................  184 164  12.65 12.99  13.30 13.30-13.30 13.30 13.30-13.30  _  _  _  _  _  6 6  -  _  _  3 3  19  -  6 6  1  -  -  -  -  147 147  -  -  -  2 2  Manufacturing...............................  634  12.33  13.30 10.45-13.30  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  15 15  120 120  68 68  -  12 12  2 2  -  -  394 394  13 13  -  -  10 10  Maintenance trades helpers............  128  9.64  9.02 7.95-12.25  •26  -  -  -  6  -  16  3  21  -  -  -  -  -  -  17  24  3  -  12  -  -  -  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing...............................  487 487  12.65 12.65  13.40 11.85-13.40 13.40 11.85-13.40  -  -  -  -  “  “  -  “  15 15  11 11  9 9  87 87  "  -  -  -  -  9 9  355 355  ~  ”  1 1  ~  Tool and die makers.......................... Manufacturing...............................  1,077 1,077  12.14 12.14  12.19 10.85-13.60 12.19 10.85-13.60  -  -  -  -  -  -  35 35  181 181  294 294  ”  16 16  -  536 536  -  *  15 15  -  -  ”  -  -  Stationary engineers.......................... Manufacturing.... ..........................  170 157  11,19 11.30  11.14 9.96-13.29 11.39 10.34-13.30  *  -  6 6  -  -  4 2  “  2  11 6  36 36  -  7 6  18 15  12 12  -  2 2  51 51  -  -  -  “  21 21  -  -  Boiler tenders..................................... Manufacturing...............................  91 91  10.56 10.56  11.39 8.09-11.39 • • 12 12 11.39 8.09-11.39  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  12 12  _ -  -  3 3  -  -  -  -  50 50  -  4 4  “  10 10  -  -  -  -  _  -  • All workers were under $6.40. ♦ * All workers were at $6.80 to $7.00. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  17  -  "  -  ■  -  Table A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 H ourly earnings (in dollars)* Occupation and industry division  of workers  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Truckdrivers........................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  648 269 379  10.83 9.93 11.46  Truckdrivers, light truck.................  53  9.16  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer............ Manufacturing...............................  299 148  10.91 10.30  Receivers............................................. Manufacturing...............................  88 64  8.86 8.94  8.53 8.50  7.72-10.11 7.80- 9.48  Warehousemen..................................  473  9.27  10.11  8.96-10.11  Material handling laborers................. Manufacturing...............................  858 840  9.44 9.54  Forklift operators................................ Manufacturing...............................  1,008 967  10.15 10.14  Guards.................................................. Manufacturing...............................  411 367  9.45 9.85  9.87 8.39-11.82 10.47 8.39-11.87  Guards I............................................ Manufacturing...............................  278 234  9.56 10.19  10.47 7.99-11.87 10.47 9.48-11.87  1,358 541  5.96 8.49  5.11 8.02  110  7.41  7.89  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  10.56 9.41-12.77 9.74 8.56-11.52 12.77 10.56-12.77 10.26  7.58-10.88  10.56 10.52-12.46 10.52 8.87-12.46  9.32 8.24-11.43 9.32 8.24-11.43 11.42 11.42  8.78-11.42 8.78-11.42  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 3.20 and under 3.40 _ -  3.40  3.60  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  9.00  9.60  10.20  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  3.60  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  9.00  9.60  10.20  10.80  11.40  12.00  12.60  13.20  13.80  -  -  4  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  4 4  -  . -  6 6 -  4 3 1  -  6  3  3  -  16 15 1  -  -  3  3 3  _ 3  3 3  16 14 2  100 73 27  12 11 1  35 6 29  125 22 103  44 42 2  14 14  -  -  1  1  6  10  15  4  -  -  -  54 54  -  -  110 20  17 17  1 1  43 43  61  -  10 10  16 16  8 8  16  -  15 15  2 2  -  13 13  -  -  -  27  25  31  68  245  24  -  -  -  -  -  -  192 192  27 27  135 135  -  60 60  14 14  301 301  -  -  -  24 24  36 36  66 25  -  543 543  22 22  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  .  .  -  _ -  _  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  2  _  4  1  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  -  10 10  17  15  12  1  6 6 -  54 54  206 206  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  3  -  -  -  -  -  6  2  _  2  2  4  4  4  .  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  62 62  49 49  -  _ -  _  _  24 24  _  _  _  -  -  76 76  _  -  29 29  -  -  -  187 187  2  8 3  9 3  7 7  . -  5 5  18 18  89 75  21 20  6 6  30 30  37 36  44 44  108 108  -  -  -  9 3  6 6  18 18  14  -  2 2  -  11 10  6 6  30 30  37 36  -  108 108  -  -  -  132 58  66 66  18 15  44 32  70 70  -  125 125  -  -  -  -  74  -  3  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  10 3  11 9  2 -  -  10 3  11 9  2  2  -  -  8 3  42 13  18 3  45 36  40 40  15 -  48 47  11  6  -  -  11  1  _ -  _ -  4  _  _  4  -  -  3.45- 7.93 7.36- 9.97  312  101  178  42  2  -  -  -  -  -  60 36  6.98- 7.91  -  -  -  1  -  1  -  -  _ -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  18  Table A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement and custodial workers by sex in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 ___________________________ ____________________ ______ ______  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men Maintenance carpenters: 100  11.28  Maintenance electricians..........................................................  1,191 1,128  12.43 12.54  Maintenance painters................................................................  116 111  11.11 11.29  Maintenance machinists............................................................ Manufacturing........................................................................  321 310  10.95 10.97  1,562 1,548  12.81  Stationary engineers..................................................................  Maintenance mechanics  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  634 634  12.33 12.33  448  9.32  128  9.64  817 799  9.59 9.71  487 487  12.65 12.65  1,077 1,077  12.14 12.14  991 950  10.18 10.17  170 157  11.19 11.30  Guards....................*............... .....................................................  382 341  9.50 9.89  91 91  10.56 10.56  Guards I........................... ......................................................... Manufacturing........................................................................  255 214  9.60 10.26  Janitors, porters, and cleaners.................................................  903 397  6.23 8.79  431 144  5.33 7.65  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  Maintenance mechanics 12.36 10.74 10 73  Manufacturing........................................................................ Nonmanufacturing................................................................  638 269 369  10.84 9.93 11.50  647 644  12.09 12.11  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.................................................... Manufacturing........................................................................  299 148  10.91 10.30  163  12.99  Manufacturing............................................................ .......... .  86 64  8.92 8.94  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  19  Material movement and custodial occupations - women  Janitors, porters, and cleaners..............................................— Manufacturing......... ..............................................................  Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Other inexperienced clerical workers*  Inexperienced typists Minimum weekly straight-time salaries7  Manufacturing  Nonmanufacturing  Manufacturing All industries  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  37.50-hour schedules  All industries  Nonmanufacturing  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  37.50-hour schedules  Establishments studied.................................................................................  140  41  XXX  99  XXX  XXX  140  41  XXX  99  XXX  XXX  Establishments having a specified minimum..........................................................................................................  41  20  18  21  8  8  53  24  22  29  14  9  1 1 2 3 1 1 3 4 2 3 3 1 1 1 2 1 1 2  1  1  1  1  1 1 1 1 1 1  1  1  1 2 3 5  -  2 2  1 1 1  _ 2 1 2  1 2 3 6  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2  _ 1 2 2 1 1 2 3 1 2 2  5 1 7 2 5 1 3 1 2  1  1  3  3 1  2  2  1 2 1  1 1  1 1  1 1  -  2  3 1 1 1 3 1 2 2  4 1 4 1 4  3  3 1  -  1  -  1  3 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Under $120.00................................................................................................ $120.00 and under $125.00......................................................................... $125.00 and under $130.00......................................................................... $130.00 and under $135.00......................................................................... $135.00 and under $140.00.......................................................................... $140.00 and under $145.00......................................................................... $145.00 and under $150.00......................................................................... $150.00 and under $155.00......................................................................... $155.00 and under $160.00.......................................................................... $160.00 and under $165.00.......................................................................... $165.00 and under $170.00.......................................................................... $170.00 and under $175.00...................................................... ................... $175.00 and under $180.00.......................................................................... $180.00 and under $185.00.......................................................................... $185.00 and under $190.00.......................................................................... $190 00 and under $195.00.......................................................................... $195 00 and under $200.00.......................................• •.......... -................... $200.00 and under $205.00..... ............................................-..................... $205.00 and under $210.00......................................................................... $210.00 and under $215.00.......................................................................... $215.00 and under $220.00......................................................................... $220.00 and under $225.00.......................................................................... $225.00 and under $230.00................................................................. :....... $230.00 and under $235.00......................................................................... $235.00 and under $240.00......................................................................... $240.00 and under $245.00............................... .......................................... $245.00 and under $250.00—................................................................... $250.00 and under $255.00......................................................... a............... $255.00 and under $260.00..............................................a....................................... $260.00 and under $265.00...................................................... .............................................. $265.00 and under $270.00—.............................................................................................. $270.00 and under $275.00..................................................................................................... $275.00 and under $280 00.... .................................................. -................................. — $280.00 and under $285.00.................................................................................................... $285.00 and under $290.00........................................................................ $290.00 and under $295.00......................................................... .................................... $295.00 and under $300.00...................................... -..............-.......................................... $300.00 and under $305.00..................................................................................................... $305.00 and under $310.00..................................................................................................... $310.00 and over............................................................................................................................. Establishments having no specified minimum................................................................................................................. ................................  1 1  1  1 3  1 1  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  1  -  -  2 1  2 1  2 1  L  -  -  ■k  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  1  1  1 2  1  -  2 2  -  2  3 3  -  1  1 1 1 1 1 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  **■  -  -  *  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  *  -  -  -  -  -  1  “  -  -  1  1 1  -  -  ~  -  -  -  **  -  -  1  1 1  -  -  1  1  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -1  “  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  2  “  “  2  2  ~  2  “  ~  2  2  “  27  8  XXX  19  XXX  XXX  38  10  XXX  28  XXX  XXX  72  13  XXX  59  XXX  XXX  49  7  XXX  42  XXX  XXX  Establishments which did not employ See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  20   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production and related workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 (All full-time manufacturing production and related workers = 100 percent) Workers on late shifts  All workers* Item Second shift  Third shift  Second shift  Third shift  Percent of workers 89.3  19.9  8.5  -  -  91.7 60.8 30.5 .4  89.3 54.9 30.5 3.8  19.9 13.6 6.2  8.5 7.6 .9  27.6 9.4  22.7 5.7  28.1  3.7 2.0 5.5 2.2 5.6 3.1 6.3 2.3 7.1 7.2 7.2 2.7  .5 .1 1.6 1.5 .7 1.3  In establishments with late-shift provisions.............................................................................  91.7  With no pay differential for late-shift work...................................................... *....................... With pay differential for late-shift work.................................................................................... Uniform cents-per-hour differential.................................................. ..................................... Uniform percentage differential........................................................... ................................ Other differential.............................................................,.... -............................ .....................  21.9 5.6  2.2 4.0 5.5 6.4 3.1 6.2  Average pay differential Uniform cents-per-hour differential..................................................... ..................................... Uniform percentage differential................................................................................................ Percent of workers by type and amount of pay differential Uniform cents-per-hour: 9 cents..........................................................................................................-........... .......... 10 cents................................................................................................................. ............. 12 and under 13 cents..............................................................................,..................... 15 cents............................................................................... *.............................................. 18 cents.................................................................................... .......................................... 24 25 27 30 35  cents.................................................................................. ............................................ cents.............................................................................................................................. cents.............................................................................................................................. cents..................................................................-.......................................................... cents..................................................................-..........................................................  14.9 2.3 15.1 1.2 -  50 cents.............................................................................................................................. Uniform percentage: 5 percent.......................................................................................-— ...................... 7 and under 8 percent................................................................. .....................................  26.0 1.4 3.1  See footnotes at end of tables.  21  6.8 23.8  _  3.4 .3 3.7 .5  1.6 .3 1.0 .3 .9 1.4  "  5.1 .8  .1 .8  Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers by scheduled weekly hours and days  20 25 35 36 36 36 37 38 40 45  All full-time workers................................................  100  hours-5 days...................................................... hours-5 days........................................................... hours-5 days............................................................. 1 /4 hours-5 days..................................................... 1 /3 hours-5 days.................................................. 1 /2 hours-5 days.................................... 1 /2 hours-5 days..................................................... 3/4 hours-5 days.................................................... hours-5 days............................................................. hours-5 days.................................................  1 1 2  100  100  100  .  3  _  4 4 8  _  _  _  -  _ _ 5  5 <“) 90 <■■>  _  _ _  -  5 1 77 1  95 3  39.9  38.0  39.6  _ 95  _ _  100  100  100  4 3 2 2 32 (») 56  2  5 6  10 88  50 1 29  49  38.7  39.6  37.9  38.7  100  Average scheduled weekly hours All weekly work schedules...........................................  39.4  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  22  Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Office w orkers  Production and related workers Item  All industries  Transportation and utilities  Nonmanu­ facturing  Manu­ facturing  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers 100  100  100  100  In establishments not providing  100  <">  8  2 In establishments providing  100  100  100  <“)  -  98  100  92  100  99  100  99  100  12.1  13.2  9.3  11.6  10.7  11.2  10.3  12.2  (>■)  _  1  c) 1 1  ("> 1 <“) 1 6 (“> 1 2 6 (■■) 7 (”> 11  Average number of paid holidays For workers in establishments  Percent of workers by number of paid holidays provided  1 _  Plus 3 half days.............................................  Plus 2 half days....................................................... 14 holidays..................................................................... 15 holidays............................................................ —......  (“) 4 1 2 1 4 <") 9 (“) 19 1 16 2 14 8 (») 3  _ _ 1 _ <-> (■■> _ 12 20 1 19 2 18 8  14  19  98 97 96 92 89 85 76 76 57 41 38 25 17 14 14  100 100 100 99 98 98 87 87 67 48 45 27 19 19 19  _  3 1 12 3 6 2 14 <■■> 2 2 16  3 36  8  10  3 9 1 9  33  92 88 87 74 65 51 48 48 32 22 22 19 10  100 100 100 100 99 97 95 95 58 48 48 48 15  -  -  15  -  -“ (”)  “ <u) (M) 10  " (■■) 1 2 11  (M)  8  26  41  3  10  8 2  39  100 100 100 99  99 99  100  85 85  72 71  92 92  44 43 19 10  22 19 12  63 63 39  15  34 1 13 8 1 9 1  _ 26 1 24 8  99 99 99 93 92 85 78 77 66 32 31 19 11 1  Percent of workers by total paid holiday time provided12  9 days or more............................................................... 9 1 /2 days or more......................................... -...........  111/2 days or more..................................................... 12 days or more.... ....................................................... 13 days or more............................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  23  --------------------  “  88  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers All full-time workers................................................  100  In establishments not providing paid vacations............................................................ In establishments providing paid vacations............................................................ Length-of-time payment......................................... Percentage payment.............................................. Other payment.........................................................  1  -  99 87 9 3  100 85 12 3  6 months of service: Under 1 week....................................................... 1 week................................................................ Over 1 and under 2 weeks................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................  16 28 3  21 31 2  4 20 6  -  -  -  1 year of service: 1 week.................................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks................................ 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................  58 6 32 1 1  54 8 35 1 1  68 2 23 2  100  100  100  100  4  -  (■■>  96 93 1 2  100 97 3  99 97 3  _ 21 12  64 1 35  100  100  100  -  (■■)  -  100 95  99 99  100 100  5  <">  “  3 49 16 5  5 36 22 10  2 61 10  59  17  27  62 11 (») 10  70 2  74  _ _ -  22 1 66 6 c) 5  -  -  2  5  6  5  83 5 2 5  70 11 3 10  94  1  1  (")  83 8 3 1 5  69 17 3 (») 10  95  1 <») 83 8 3 1 1 5  1 68 17 4 (»)  (n> (1») 95  Amount of paid vacation after:1*  -  -  -  2 years of service: 1 week.................................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks................................ 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................  26 6 63 1 2  26 8 62 1 2  26 (■■) 67 (■■) 2  -  -  -  3 years of service: 1 week.................................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks................................ 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................  5 1 62 24 5 1  5 55 33 6 1  5 2 82 c) 4 2  _ _ 98 1 1  -  -  -  -  4 years of service: 1 week.................................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks................................ 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks........................................................... ...... Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................  5 1 62 24 5 1 cl  5 55 33 6 1  5 2 82 (>■) 2 2 2  u 98 1 1  _  -  _ 97 1 _ -  _  -  _ _  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  24  10  100  2 -  98  3 -  2 2 2  98 2  '  '  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 —Continued Office workers  Production and related workers Item  5 years of service: 1 week.................................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks................................ 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ 10 years of service: 1 week.................................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks................................ 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ 5 weeks................................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ 12 years of service: 1 week.................................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks................................ 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ 5 weeks................................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ . 15 years of service: 1 week.................................................................. Over 1 and under 2 weeks................................ 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ 5 weeks................................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ 20 years of service: 1 week.................................................................. 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. Over 3 and under 4 weeks................................ 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ 5 weeks................................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ 6 weeks................................................................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks................................ 7 weeks........................................................... ......  All industries  <“> 1 49 11 35 1 1 <■■> 1 3  Manu­ facturing  43 15 41 1 -  54 28 11 1 1  47 38 13 1 1  -  -  <“> 1 3 49 28 15 1 1  41 38 18 1 1  "  -  c) 1 3 27 3 59 2 3 1  25 3 64 3 4 1  (■■> 3 1 11 1 36 4 39 2 2  7 1 31 5 50 3 3  1  ■ 1  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  (-■) (■■) 38 10 46 1 1 5  40 19 31 <■■)  (■■) (■■> 36 2 58 2 2  10  -  (•■) (■■) 3 (■■) 66 10 15 (■■)  3 1 47 19 20 (■■)  (-> (■■) 4  <")  83 2 11  98  5  10  -  -  <u> (•■) 2 (■■) 64 10 19 (■■)  (■■) 1 46 14 29 (■■)  (") (“> 3  c1)  79 6 11  96 <■*> 3  5  10  -  -  1 15 5 67 2  <“) (■■) 3  (■■)  70 1  (*■) cl 2 c) 18 5 69 1  21 4 71  9 <") 90  -  -  5  10  -  -  1 11 2 20  2  (■■) 2 c) 10  1 5  <*■> 3  (■■)  14  2  49 2 10 c)  80  34 4 44 2  79 2 2  89  18 1  58 3 21 1  -  -  5  10  -  -  1 2 66 2 21 2 2  92 1 6 1  -  -  1 2 11 73 2 5  98 1 1  -  -  1 2 11 70 2 8  96 1 3  -  -  1 2 11  29  32 1 46 c) 2  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Nonmanu­ facturing  25  78 21 2  2  9  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 —Continued Office workers  Production and related workers Item  25 years of service: 1 week................................................................... 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. 4 weeks.................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ 5 weeks................................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ 6 weeks................................................................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks................................ 7 weeks................................................................. 30 years of service: 1 week.................................................................. 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ 5 weeks................................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ 6 weeks................................................................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks................................ 7 weeks................................................................. Maximum vacation available: 1 week.................................................................. 2 weeks................................................................. Over 2 and under 3 weeks................................ 3 weeks................................................................. 4 weeks................................................................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks................................ 5 weeks................................................................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks................................ 6 weeks................................................................. Over 6 and under 7 weeks................................ 7 weeks..................................................................  Manu­ facturing  All industries  Transportation and utilities  Nonmanu­ facturing  60 1 34  9 24 3 39 O')  O')  32 11  6  24  2  18 5 O')  (■■)  -  -  O')  -  O')  3  O')  1  O')  4 12 4 35  14 34 2 39  2 18 55  6  24  2  -  1 11 2 20 19 2 25  2 1  1  (■•)  3 1  8 14 1 42 O')  26 2 1  31 3 1  3 12 1 49 31 3 1  14 1  1 11  2  2 20 19 2 25  1  60 1 34  O')  14  2  1  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  O')  3 12 1 49  2 1  O')  26  -  3 0‘) 14 34 2 41  -  .  1  O')  -  1  O')  1 4 12 4 35  1  42 (*■) 26 2  0‘)  O')  -  8 14  O') 3 O') 14 34 4 45  -  94 1 2  1  Transportation and utilities  -  1 11 2 20 20 2 38 O') 1  3  Nonmanu­ facturing  1 4 12 4 61 O') 7 10  3 15 1 65 3 11  (“)  Manu­ facturing  O') 2 O') 9 24 4 52 O') 3 5  (") 3 1 8 17 1 58 2 8 1  All industries  2 O’)  2 O')  9 24 3 37 O') 18 5 1  O')  32 11  -  2 18 79  -  2 18 55  1  -  1  Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Office workers  Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Nonmanu­ facturing  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers 100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  97  100  91  100  99  100  99  100 99 75  In establishments providing at least one of the benefits  94 86  98 93  83 68  100 88  98 80  99 87  97 74  74 65  77 69  67 54  72 60  76 56  74 65  78 49  82 74  81  86  66  97  88  97  80  99  72 61  83 68  45 44  92 92  69 60  91 73  50 49  68 68  28  19  50  64  69  62  74  99  4  4  3  1  3  4  2  33 25  38 29  17 13  20 20  59 39  59 35  58 41  63 63  97 87  100 92  90 72  97 97  99 71  100 90  99 56  100 99  97 87  100 92  90 72  97 97  99 69  100 88  99 54  100 99  97 87  100 92  90 72  97 97  99 69  100 88  99 54  100 99  97 87  100 92  89 72  97 97  99 69  100 88  99 54  100 99  79 68  77 68  84 66  96 96  99 62  99 70  99 55  98 98  67 59  75 66  47 40  93 90  69 48  81 72  59 28  79 78  36 33  37 37  31 23  49 49  66 41  59 59  71 25  81 65  90 86  99 97  63 57  69 69  94 85  99 89  89 81  91 74  Accidental death and  Sickness and accident insurance Sickness and accident  Sick leave (full pay and no Sick leave (partial pay or  Long-term disability  In establishments providing at least one of the health insurance plans  Noncontributory plans........................................... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  27  Table B-7. Health plan participation by full-time workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Office vi/orkers  Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Nonmanu­ facturing  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  T ransportation and utilities  Percent of workers 100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  92 84  97 90  81 68  94 94  87 64  91 80  84 50  93 93  93 84  97 90  82 68  94 94  87 64  91 80  84 50  93 93  93 84  97 90  82 68  94 94  87 64  91 80  83 50  93 93  74 65  74 66  75 62  92 92  87 58  90 64  84  92 91  65 58  73 65  44 39  93 90  64 45  76 67  55 28  79 78  2 2  2 2  1 1  3 3  6 5  8 8  6 2  7 6  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  28  Footnotes  Some of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin. 1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 7 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—half of the workers receive the same or more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate. 3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. 4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. 5 Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women. * Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available. 7 Formally established minimum regular straight-time hiring salaries that are paid for standard workweeks. Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported. 8 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger. ’ Includes all production and related workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10 Less than 0.05 percent. 11 Less than 0.5 percent. 12 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 10 days includes those with 10 full days and no half days, 9 full days and 2 half days, 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then were cumulated. 18 Includes payments other than “length of time,” such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week’s pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after 10 years includes those eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after fewer years of service. 14 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory plans” include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workers’ disability compensation, social security, and railroad retirement. 15 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded. 18 Unduplicated total of workers eligible for coverage under an insurance plan providing hospitalization, sugical, medical, major medical, or dental benefits shown separately.  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  In each of the 71 areas1 currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction and extractive industries are excluded. Small establishments—generally those with fewer than 50 employees—are excluded because they have few incumbents in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey, as well as the number actually studied. Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, minus establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit. Occupations and earnings Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant; and (4) material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  movement and custodial. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are not presented in the Aseries tables because either (1) data were insufficient to provide meaningful statistical results, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men’s and women’s earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Most A-series tables provide distributions of workers by earnings; changes in the size of earnings intervals are indicated by heavy vertical lines. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Changes in an occupational average over time reflect, in addition to earnings changes, factors such as changes in proportions of workers employed by high- or lowwage firms, or high-wage workers advancing to better jobs and being replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for individual jobs within the groups. Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establish­ ments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates  Industrial nurses  for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establish­ ments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.  Registered industrial nurses Skilled maintenance  Carpenters Electricians Painters Machinists  Unskilled plant  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Material handling laborers  Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows: 1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived from earnings in those establishments which are in the survey both years; it is assumed that employment remains unchanged.  Wage trends for selected occupational groups Indexes in table A-7 measure wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percent increases in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time span between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate between surveys. The indexes and percent increases are based on changes in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are adjusted to remove the effect on average earnings of employment shifts among establishments and turnover of establish­ ments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. Occupations used to compute wage trends are:  2- Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the occupational group. 3. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation’s average earnings (computed in step 1) are multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average. 4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The result— expressed as a percent—less 100 is the percent change. The index is computed by adding 100 to the most recent percent increase, multiplying the total by the previous year’s index number, and dividing the product by 100 to obtain the current index value. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see “Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes,” Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52­ 57.  Office clerical  Pay relationships in establishments Tables A-8 through A-11 compare average pay of occupations in individual establishments. These comparisons, expressed as pay relatives (pay for one of the occupations equals 100), yield different results than comparisons of overall survey averages, such as those shown in tables A-l through A-6. The latter reflect differences in contributions to the survey averages by establishments with disparate pay levels; the pay relative comparisons are not affected by such differences.  Switchboard operators Order clerks, I and II Accounting clerks2 Payroll clerks Key entry operators, I and II  Secretaries Stenographers I Typists, I and II File clerks, I, II, and III Messengers  Mechanics (machinery) Mechanics (motor vehicle) Pipefitters Tool and die makers  Electronic data processing  Computer systems analysts, I, II, and jjj   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  The methods of computing and presenting pay relatives have changed since the last survey in this area. The following procedures are now used to compute relatives in tables A-8 through A-l 1:  Computer programmers, I, II, and III Computer operators, I, II, and III  1  1- Establishments employing workers in both of the paired occupations were identified. 2. Pay levels (averages) for the two occupations were weighted by the combined employment of both jobs to reflect each establishment’s contribution to the totals used in this comparison. 3. The weighted pay levels of the two jobs were summed separately; each total was divided by the other and the quotients multiplied by 100 to produce the two pay relatives shown for each job pairing. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions The incidence of selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provi­ sions is studied for full-time production and related workers and office workers. Production and related workers (referred to hereafter as production workers) include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including group leaders and trainees) engaged in fabricating, processing, assembling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling, packing, warehousing, shipping, maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard services, product development, auxiliary production for plant’s own use (e.g., powerplant), and recordkeeping and other services closely associated with the above production operations. (Cafeteria and route workers are excluded in manufacturing industries but included in nonmanufacturing industries.) In finance and insurance, no workers are considered to be production workers. Office workers include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including lead workers and trainees) performing clerical or related office functions in such departments as accounting, advertising, purchasing, collection, credit, finance, legal, payroll, personnel, sales, industrial relations, public relations, executive, or transportation. Administrative, executive, professional, and part-time employees as well as construction workers utilized as a separate work force are excluded from both the production and office worker categories. Minimum entrance salaries (table B-l). Minimum entrance salaries for office workers  relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the optimum sampling techniques used and the probability that large establishments are more likely than small establish­ ments to have formal entrance rates above the subclerical level, the table is more representative of policies in medium and large establishments. (The “X’s” shown under specific weekly schedules indicate that no meaningful totals are applicable.) Shift differentials-manufacturing (table B-2). Data were collected on policies of  manufacturing establishments regarding pay differentials for production workers on late shifts. Establishments considered as having policies are those which (1) have provisions in writing covering the operation of late shifts, or (2) have operated late shifts at any time during the 12 months preceding a survey. When establishments have several differentials which vary by job, the differential applying to the majority of the production workers is recorded. When establishments have differentials which apply only to certain hours of work, the differential applying to the most common schedule is recorded. For purposes of this study, a late shift is either a second (evening) shift which ends at or near midnight or a third (night) shift which starts at or near midnight.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Differentials for second and third shifts are summarized separately for (1) establish­ ment policies (an establishment’s differentials are weighted by all production workers in the establishment at the time of the survey) and (2) effective practices (an establish­ ment’s differentials are weighted by production workers employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey). Scheduled weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans. Provisions which apply to a majority of the production or office workers in an  establishment are considered to apply to all production or office workers in the establishment; a practice or provision is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority. Holidays, vacations, and health and insurance plans are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for the benefits. Pension plans are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for participation and also to those who will eventually become eligible. Scheduled weekly hours and days (table B-3). Scheduled weekly hours and days refer to  the number of hours and days per week which full-time first (day) shift workers are expected to work, whether paid for at straight- time or overtime rates. Paid holidays (table B-4). Holidays are included if workers who are not required to work  are paid for the time off and those required to work receive premium pay or compensatory time off. They are included only if they are granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in written form or established by custom). Holidays are included even though in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday and employees are not granted another day off. Paid personal holiday plans, typically found in the automobile and related industries, are included as paid holidays. Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are aggregated). Paid vacations (table B-5). Establishments report their method of calculating vacation  pay (time basis, percent of annual earnings, flat-sum payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay granted. Only basic formal plans are reported. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and “extended” or “sabbatical” benefits beyond basic plans are excluded. For tabulating vacation pay granted, all provisions are expressed on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual earnings, for example, is tabulated as 1 week’s vacation pay. Also, provisions after each specified length of service are related to all production or office workers in an establishment regardless of length of service. Vacation plans commonly provide for a larger amount of vacation pay as service lengthens. Counts of production or office workers by length of service were not obtained. The tabulations of vacation pay granted present, therefore, statistical measures of these provisions rather than proportions of workers actually receiving specific benefits. Health, insurance, and pension plans (table B-6). Health, insurance, and pension plans  include plans for which the employer pays either all or part of the cost. The benefits may be underwritten by an insurance company, paid directly by an employer or union, or provided by a health maintenance organization. This year, for the first time in this  area, provisions for health maintenance organizations (HMO’s) are treated separately from insurance provisions. Workers provided the option of an insurance plan or an HMO are reported under both types of plans. A plan is included even though a majority of the employees in an establishment do not choose to participate in it because they are required to bear part of its cost (provided the choice to participate is available to a majority). Legally required plans such as social security, railroad retirement, workers’ disability compensation, and temporary disability insurance3 are excluded. Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker. Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a direct result of an accident. Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e.g., $50 a week for up to 26 weeks of disability. Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans4 which provide for continuing an employee’s pay during absence from work because of illness. Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a waiting period. Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sickness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability (typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial payments are almost always reduced by social security, workers’ disability compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee. Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance plans reported in these surveys provide full or partial payment for basic services rendered. Hospitalization insurance covers hospital room and board and may cover other hospital expenses. Surgical insurance covers surgeons’ fees. Medical insurance covers doctors’ fees for home, office, or hospital calls. Plans restricted to post-operative medical care or a doctor’s care for minor ailments at a worker’s place of employment are not considered to be medical insurance. Major medical insurance coverage applies to services which go beyond the basic services covered under hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance. Major medical insurance typically (1) requires that a “deductible” (e.g., $100) be met before benefits begin, (2) has a coinsurance feature that requires the insured to pay a portion (e.g., 20 percent) of certain expenses, and (3) has a specified dollar maximum of benefits (e.g., $10,000 a year). Dental insurance plans provide normal dental service benefits, usually for fillings, extractions, and X-rays. Plans which provide benefits only for oral surgery or repairing accident damage are not reported. An HMO provides comprehensive health care services to a specified group for fixed periodic payments rather than indemnification or reimbursement for medical, surgical,   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  and hospital expenses. Retirement pension plans provide for regular payments to the retiree for life. Included are deferred profit-sharing plans which provide the option of purchasing a lifetime annuity. Health plan participation (table B-7). Estimates are presented on the percent of  production and office workers participating in selected health insurance and HMO plans. When an establishment was unable to supply the number of plan participants, approximations (imputations) were made, where possible, by using information from other establishments offering a similar plan. Imputations were never made for more than one-third of the production or clerical workers in an industry group (all industries, manufacturing, nonmanufacturing, and transportation and utilities); when imputations were made, they were usually for considerably less than one-third of the workers. Participation rates were estimated and published if participant numbers (including imputations) were available for 90 percent or more of the production or office workers in an industry group; consequently, a published estimate may not relate to a group total. 1 Includes 70 areas surveyed under the Bureau’s regular program plus Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N.Y., which is surveyed under contract. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administra­ tion of the U.S. Department of Labor. 2 A revised 4-level job description for accounting clerks, being introduced in this survey, is not comparable to the previous 2-level description. Earnings of workers that could be compared to the previous overall level were used in wage trend computations. 3 Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan. State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey, employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum and employers pay the difference between the employees’ share and the total contribution required. Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the benefit provided. Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers bear the entire cost of the insurance. * An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Buffalo, N.Y.,1 October 1981 Workers in establishments  Number of establishments  Industry division2  Minimum employment in establishments in scope of survey  Within scope of survey Within scope of survey3  Studied  Total4 Number  Percent  Studied4  Full-time production and related workers  Full-time office workers  All establishments 836  140  219,370  100  111,542  31,357  98,935  50  317 519  41 99  118,553 100,817  54 46  80,338 31,204  14,224 17,133  53,341 45,594  50 50 50 50 50  64 80 204 39 132  22 11 21 13 32  17,791 8,396 37,546 14,695 22,389  8 4 17 7 10  8,732  3,493  o  c)  c)  c)  o  c)  c)  o  13,278 1,968 14,031 9,431 6,886  83  45  125,454  100  66,421  19,311  84,733  500  43 40  19 26  76,830 48,624  61 39  52,918 13,503  9,289 10,022  49,139 35,594  500 500 500 500 500  6 1 18 9 6  6 1 10 6 3  11,554 909 21,174 10,491 4,496  9 1 17 8 4  5,947  2,420 <*)  11,554 909 12,565 8,391 2,175  Transportation "communication, and  Large establishments  Transportation,"communication, and  Sen/ices7.........................................................................................................  1 The Buffalo, N.Y. Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through February 1974, consists of Erie and Niagara Counties. The "workers within scope of survey" estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify establishments by industry division. All government operations are excluded from the scope of the survey. 3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of nonmanufacturing companies are considered as one establishment when located within the same industry division.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  0 o  o  c)  o  c)  «  categories. s Abbreviated to “transportation and utilities" in the A- and B-series tables. Formerly referred to as "public utilities”. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded. The municipally operated portion of Buffalo’s transit system is excluded by definition from the scope of the survey. * Separate data for this division are not presented in the A- and B-series tables, but the division is represented in the 'all industries’ and "nonmanufacturing" estimates. 7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectur­ al services.  34  Appendix table 2. Percent of workers covered by labor-management agree' ments, Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 Production and related workers  Office workers  Appendix table 3. Industrial composition in manufacturing, Buffalo, N.Y., October 1981 (Percent of all manufacturing workers)  Industry division  All industries......................................... ........ Manufacturing..................................... ........ Nonmanufacturing............................. ........ Transportation and utilities............................................ ........  78 87 56  18 16 19  99  74  NOTE: An establishment is considered to have a contract covering all production or office workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a labor-management agreement. Therefore, all other production or office workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labor-management contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer than half of their production or office workers. Estimates are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by the provisions of labor-management agreements, because small establish­ ments are excluded and the industrial scope of the survey is limited.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Transportation equipment.................................................................. 21 Motor vehicles and equipment.................................................... 20 Primary metal industries.................................................................... 14 Blast furnace and basic steel products....................................... 11 Electric and electronic equipment.................................................. 9 Electrical industrial apparatus..................................................... 6 Fabricated metal products................................................................. 8 Machinery, except electrical............................................................ 8 General industrial machinery....................................................... 5 Chemicals and allied products.......................................................... 7 Food and kindred products.............................................................. 6 Printing and publishing...................................................................... 5 Stone, clay, and glass products........................................................ 5 NOTE: This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe materials compiled before actual survey.  Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field representatives are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the job description, are excluded. Listed below are several occupations for which revised descriptions or titles are being introduced in this survey: Stenographer Typist Accounting clerk  Drafter Stationary engineer Boiler tender  The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for tabulating-machine operator, bookkeeping-machine operator, and machine biller.  Office SECRETARY Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor. Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled “secretary” possess the above characteristics.  Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  a.  Positions which do not meet the “personal” secretary concept described above;  b.  Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;  c.  Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or managerial persons;  d.  Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which are not typical of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assistant, or Executive Assistant;  e.  Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the sections below titled “Level of Supervisor,” e.g., secretary to the president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons;  f-  Trainees.  Classification by level. Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are matched at one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary’s supervisor within the company’s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the secretary’s responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the factors. Level ofSecretary’s Supervisor (LS)  LS-1 a. b.  Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)  Level ofSecretary’s Responsibility (LR)  LS-2 a.  b.  Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for LS-3, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.  LS-3 a. b.  c.  d. e.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, oper­ ations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched at LR-1 or LR-2 described below according to their level of responsibility. LR-1 Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most of the following: a. b. c.  d. e. LR-2  Performs duties described under LR-1 and, in addition performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions including or compara­ ble to most of the following: a. b.  LS-4 a. b.  c.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000  Answers telephones, greets personal callers, and opens incoming mail. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers. May reply to requests by sending a form letter. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to ensure procedural and typographical accura­ cy. Maintains supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.  c. d.  e.  Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can be handled by the supervisor’s subordinates or other offices. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of office procedures or collection of information from files or other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or supervisor’s name. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis of general instructions. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Assembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings. Makes arrange­ ments for meetings and conferences. Explains supervisor’s requirements to other employees in supervisor’s unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)  persons. NOTE: The term “corporate officer” used in the above LS definition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title “vice president,” though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibili­ ty is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be “corporate officers” for purposes of applying the definition.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each LS and LR combination: LR-1  LS-1...................................................................... LS-2...................................................................... LS-3..................................................................... LS-4.....................................................................  LR-2  I II  HI IV  II  HI IV V  STENOGRAPHER Primary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings. (If primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-machine typist.) NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works as the principal office assistant performing more responsible and discretionary tasks. Stenographer I. Takes and transcribes dictation under close supervision and detailed instructions. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. Stenographer II. Takes and transcribes dictation determining the most appropriate format. Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than Stenographer I. Supervisor typically provides general instructions. Work requires a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures and of the specific business operations, organizations, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; answering routine questions, etc. TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved with shorthand dictation.) TYPIST Uses a manual, electric, or automatic typewriter to type various materials. Included are automatic typewriters that are used only to record text and update and reproduce previously typed items from magnetic cards or tape. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail. Excluded from this definition is work that involves: a. b.  Typing directly from spoken material that has been recorded on disks, cylinders, belts, tapes, or other similar media; The use of varitype machines, composing equipment, or automatic equip­ ment in preparing material for printing; and   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  c.  Familiarity with specialized terminology in various keyboard commands to manipulate or edit the recorded text to accomplish revisions, or to perform tasks such as extracting and listing items from the text, or transmitting text to other terminals, or using “sort” commands to have the machine reorder material. Typically requires the use of automatic equipment which may be either computer linked or have a programmable memory so that material can be organized in regularly used formats or preformed paragraphs which can then be coded and stored for future use in letters or documents.  Typist I Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly. Typist II Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances. FILE CLERK Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: File Clerk I Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. File Clerk II Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross­ reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. File Clerk III Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks. MESSENGER Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker’s time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard operatorreceptionist.  distribution codes; examining and verifying the clerical accuracy of various types of reports, lists, calculations, postings, etc.; preparing journal vouchers; or making entries or adjustments to accounts. Levels I and II require a basic knowledge of routine clerical methods and office practices and procedures as they relate to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. Levels III and IV require a knowledge and understanding of the established and standardized bookkeeping and accounting proce­ dures and techniques used in an accounting system, or a segment of an accounting system, where there are few variations in the types of transactions handled. In addition, some jobs at each level may require a basic knowledge and understanding of the terminology, codes, and processes used in an automated accounting system.  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator—see Switchboard operator—and as a receptionist. Receptionist’s work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor’s business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appropriate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors.  Accounting Clerk I Performs very simple and routine accounting clerical operations, for example, recognizing and comparing easily identified numbers and codes on similar and repetitive accounting documents, verifying mathematical accuracy, and identifying discrepancies and bringing them to the supervisor’s attention. Supervisor gives clear and detailed instructions for specific assignments. Employee refers to supervisor all matters not covered by instructions. Work is closely controlled and reviewed in detail for accuracy, adequacy, and adherence to instructions.  ORDER CLERK Receives written or verbal customers’ purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or sales people. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order.  Accounting Clerk II Performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as: Examining, verifying, and correcting accounting transactions to ensure completeness and accuracy of data and proper identification of accounts, and checking that expenditures will not exceed obligations in specified accounts; totaling, balancing, and reconciling collection vouchers; posting data to transaction sheets where employee identifies proper accounts and items to be posted; and coding documents in accordance with a chart (listing) of accounts. Employee follows specific and detailed accounting procedures. Completed work is reviewed for accuracy and compliance with procedures.  Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following:  Receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchan­ dise as an integral part of the job. Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions:  Accounting Clerk III Uses a knowledge of double entry bookkeeping in performing one or more of the following: Posts actions to journals, identifying subsidiary accounts affected and debit and credit entries to be made and assigning proper codes; reviews computer printouts against manually maintained journals, detecting and correcting erroneous postings, and preparing documents to adjust accounting classifications and other data; or reviews lists of transactions rejected by an automated system, determining reasons for rejections, and preparing necessary correcting material. On routine assignments, employee selects and applies established procedures and techniques. Detailed instructions are provided for difficult or unusual assignments. Completed work and methods used are reviewed for technical accuracy.  Order Clerk I Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer’s manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item. Order Clerk II Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment’s product lines will satisfy the customer’s needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations.  Accounting Clerk IV Maintains journals or subsidiary ledgers of an accounting system and balances and reconciles accounts. Typical duties include one or both of the following: Reviews invoices and statements (verifying information, ensuring sufficient funds have been obligated, and if questionable, resolving with the submitting unit, determining accounts involved, coding transactions, and processing material through data processing for  ACCOUNTING CLERK Performs one or more accounting tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; balancing and reconciling accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  39  Professional and Technical  application in the accounting system); and/or analyzes and reconciles computer printouts with operating unit reports (contacting units and researching causes of discrepancies, and taking action to ensure that accounts balance). Employee resolves problems in recurring assignments in accordance with previous training and experience. Supervisor provides suggestions for handling unusual or nonrecurring transactions. Conformance with requirements and technical soundness of completed work are reviewed by the supervisor or are controlled by mechanisms built into the accounting  COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifica­ tions needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following-. Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:  system. NOTE: Excluded from level IV are positions responsible for maintaining either a general ledger or a general ledger in combination with subsidiary accounts. PAYROLL CLERK Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following-. Processing workers’ time or production records; adjusting workers’ records for changes in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings; and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical knowl­ edge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the computer system for processing payrolls.  Computer Systems Analyst I Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifica­ tions required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst.  KEY ENTRY OPERATOR Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  Computer Systems Analyst II Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining invento­ ry accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied. OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for level III. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system.  Key Entry Operator I Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information. Key Entry Operator II Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for level I.  Computer Systems Analyst III Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involv­ ing all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate follow-up actions are initiated by the computer.)  NOTE: Excluded are operators above level II using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  40  Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment. May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist.  Computer Programmer III Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products. At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist.  COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program­ mer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following-. Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathemat­ ics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:  COMPUTER OPERATOR In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by either serial processing (processes one program at a time) or multiprocessing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following duties characterize the work of a computer operator: ab. c. def-  Computer Programmer I Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures.  g-  May test-run new or modified programs. May assist in modifying systems or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer operator, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals. For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:  Computer Programmer II Works, independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations. OR Works on complex programs (as described for level III) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction. May guide or instruct lower level programmers.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed. Loads equipment with required items (tapes, cards, disks, paper, etc.). Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system. Starts and operates computer. Responds to operating and computer output instructions. Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems. Maintains operating record.  Computer Operator I Work assignments are limited to established production runs (i.e., programs which present few operating problems). Assignments may consist primarily of on-the-job training (sometimes augmented by classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.  41  Computer Operator II In addition to established production runs, work assignments include runs involving new programs, applications, and procedures (i.e., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems). At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may deviate from standard proce­ dures when standard procedures fail if deviation does not materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Refers the problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a solution. May guide lower level operators.  This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a control console (see Computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose duties are limited to operating decollates, bursters, separators, or similar equipment.  Computer Operator III In addition to work assignments described for Computer operator II (see above) the work of Computer operator III involves at least one of the following:  DRAFTER  a.  b. c. d.  COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging, and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs to damaged tapes.  Performs drafting work requiring knowledge and skill in drafting methods, procedures, and techniques. Prepares drawings of structures, mechanical and electrical equipment, piping and duct systems and other similar equipment, systems, and assemblies. Uses recognized systems of symbols, legends, shadings, and lines having specific meanings in drawings. Drawings are used to communicate engineering ideas, designs, and informa­ tion in support of engineering functions.  Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of information or to conserve computer time even though the procedures applied materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Tests new programs, applications, and procedures. Advises programmers and subject-matter experts on setup techniques. Assists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems).  The following are excluded when they constitute the primary purpose of the job: a. b. c. d.  An operator at this level typically guides lower level operators.  e.  PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR Operates peripheral equipment which directly supports digital computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically connected to a computer. Printers, plotters, card read/punches, tape readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units are examples of such equipment. The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment operator: a.  b. c. d. e. f.  Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Drafter I Working under close supervision, traces or copies finished drawings, making clearly indicated revisions. Uses appropriate templates to draw curved lines. Assignments are designed to develop increasing skill in various drafting techniques. Work is spotchecked during progress and reviewed upon completion.  Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting controls for forms, thickness, tension, printing density, and location; and unloading hard copy. Labeling tape reels, disks, or card decks. Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape reels or disks on specified units or drives. Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment. Observing panel lights for warnings and error indications and taking appropriate action. Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears, or other defects which could cause processing problems.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Design work requiring the technical knowledge, skill, and ability to conceive or originate designs; Illustrating work requiring artistic ability; Work involving the preparation of charts, diagrams, room arrangements, floor plans, etc.; Cartographic work involving the preparation of maps or plats and related materials, and drawings of geological structures; and Supervisory work involving the management of a drafting program or the supervision of drafters.  NOTE: Exclude drafters performing elementary tasks while receiving training in the most basic drafting methods. Drafter II Prepares drawings of simple, easily visualized parts of equipment from sketches or marked-up prints. Selects appropriate templates and other equipment needed to complete assignments. Drawings fit familiar patterns and present few technical problems. Supervisor provides detailed instructions on new assignments, gives guid­ ance when questions arise, and reviews completed work for accuracy. 42  Drafter III Prepares various drawings of parts and assemblies, including sectional profiles, irregular or reverse curves, hidden lines, and small or intricate details. Work requires use of most of the conventional drafting techniques and a working knowledge of the terms and procedures of the industry. Familiar or recurring work is assigned in general terms; unfamiliar assignments include information on methods, procedures, sources of information, and precedents to be followed. Simple revisions to existing drawings may be assigned with a verbal explanation of the desired results; more complex revisions are produced from sketches which clearly depict the desired product.  This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic equipment as common office machines and household radio and television sets; production assemb­ lers and testers; workers whose primary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional engineers. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Electronics Technician I Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved.  Drafter IV Prepares complete sets of complex drawings which include multiple views, detail drawings, and assembly drawings. Drawings include complex design features that require considerable drafting skill to visualize and portray. Assignments regularly require the use of mathematical formulas to compute weights, load capacities, dimensions, quantities of materials, etc. Working from sketches and verbal information supplied by an engineer or designer, determines the most appropriate views, detail drawings, and supplementary information needed to complete assignments. Selects required information from precedents, manufacturers’ catalogs, and technical guides. Independently resolves most of the problems encountered. Supervisor or designer may suggest methods of approach or provide advice on unusually difficult problems.  Electronics Technician II Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the level III technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.  NOTE: Exclude drafters performing work of similar difficulty to that described at this level but who provide support for a variety of organizations which have widely differing functions or requirements. Drafter V Works closely with design originators, preparing drawings of unusual, complex or original designs which require a high degree of precision. Performs unusually difficult assignments requiring considerable initiative, resourcefulness, and drafting expertise. Assures that anticipated problems in manufacture, assembly, installation, and operation are resolved by the drawings produced. Exercises independent judgment in selecting and interpreting data based on a knowledge of the design intent. Although working primarily as a drafter, may occasionally perform engineering design work in interpre­ ting general designs prepared by others or in completing missing design details. May provide advice and guidance to lower level drafters or serve as coordinator and planner for large and complex drafting projects.  Electronics Technician III Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed under­ standing of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in performing such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators). Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.  ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical applica­ tion of technical knowledge of electronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition. The equipment—consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit—includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, tele­ phone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE A registered nurse gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises  43  of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination ofthefollowing-. Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than one nurse are excluded.  following: Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out  Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY) Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­ ship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.  of work; using a variety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE CARPENTER Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, control­ lers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE) Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers’ vehicles in automobile repair shops.  MAINTENANCE PAINTER Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­ cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent  MAINTENANCE MACHINIST Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  44  training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.  required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through considerable on-thejob training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include machinetool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing shops.  MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheetmetal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  TOOL AND DIE MAKER Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).  MILLWRIGHT Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out work; interpreting blueprints or other specifica­ tions; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  STATIONARY ENGINEER Operates and maintains one or more systems which provide an establishment with such services as heat, air-conditioning (cool, humidify, dehumidify, filter, and circulate air), refrigeration, steam or high-temperature water, or electricity. Duties involve: Observing and interpreting readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of the system’s operation; adjusting controls to insure safe and efficient operation of the system and to meet demands for the service provided; recording in logs various aspects of the system’s operation; keeping the engines, machinery, and equipment of the system in good working order. May direct and coordinate activities of other workers (not stationary engineers) in performing tasks directly related to operating and maintaining the system or systems. The classification excludes head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer; workers required to be skilled in the repair of electronic control equipment; and workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.  MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM) Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves-. Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  BOILER TENDER Tends one or more boilers to produce steam or high-temperature water for use in an establishment. Fires boiler. Observes and interprets readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of boiler operation. Adjusts controls to insure safe and efficient boiler operation and to meet demands for steam or high-temperature water. May also do one or more of the following: Maintain a log in which various aspects of boiler operation are recorded; clean, oil, make minor repairs or assist in  45  repairs to boilerroom equipment; and, following prescribed methods, treat boiler water with chemicals and analyze boiler water for such things as acidity, causticity, and alkalinity. The classification excludes workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.  Material Movement and Custodial TRUCKDRIVER Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows:  Truckdriver, light truck  (straight truck, under 1 1/2 tons, usually 4 wheels) Truckdriver, medium truck  (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels) Truckdriver, heavy truck  Shipper Receiver Shipper and receiver  WAREHOUSEMAN As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment’s storage plan. Work involves most of the following-. Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrep­ ancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see Shipper and receiver and Shipping packer), order filling (see Order filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-truck operator).  ORDER FILLER Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.  (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels) Truckdriver, tractor-trailer  SHIPPER AND RECEIVER Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonrou­ tine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received. Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading. Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying the correct­ ness of incoming shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  SHIPPING PACKER Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following-. Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.  MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establish­ ment whose duties involve one or more of the following-. Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.  POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows: Forklift operator Power-truck operator (other than forklift)  GUARD Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. Guards employed by establishments which provide protective services on a contract basis are included in this occupation. For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows: Guard I Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which require minimal action to safeguard   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  property or persons. Duties require minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate proficiency in the use of firearms or special weapons. Guard II Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical fitness and proficiency with firearms or other special weapons. JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.  Appendix C. Job Conversion Table  Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are identified by numeric instead of alphabetic designations. A conversion table for the affected occupations follows: Numeric Alphabetic Occupation designation designation (currently used) (previously used) Secretary.. I E II D III C IV B V A  Occupation Computer systems analyst (business).....  Computer programmer (business)......... Stenographer...........  I II  General Senior  Typist........................  I II  B A  File clerk..................  I II III I II  B A  Accounting clerk....  I II III IV  (not comparable)  I II  B A   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Alphabetic designation (previously used) C B A  I II III  C B A  I  c  II III  C B A  Order clerk..............  Key entry operator.  Computer operator  Numeric designation (currently used) I II III  Drafter  Electronics technician  Guard  48  B A  I II III IV V  (not comparable)  I II III  C B A  I II  B A  Area Wage Survey Summaries The following areas are surveyed pe­ riodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Survey results are published in summaries which are available, at no cost, while supplies last from any of the BLS region­ al offices shown on the back cover. Alaska (statewide) Albany, Ga. Albuquerque, N. Mex. Alexandria-Leesville, La. Alpena-Standish-Tawas City, Mich. Ann Arbor, Mich. Antelope Valley, Calif. Asheville, N.C. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Ga.-S.C. Austin, Tex. Bakersfield, Calif. Baton Rouge, La. Battle Creek, Mich. Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange and Lake Charles, Tex.-La. Biloxi-Gulfport and PascagoulaMoss Point, Miss. Binghamton, N.Y. Birmingham, Ala. Bloomington-Vincennes, Ind. Bremerton-Shelton, Wash. Brunswick, Ga. Cedar Rapids, Iowa Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, 111. Charleston-North CharlestonWalterboro, S.C. Charlotte-Gastonia, N.C. Cheyenne, Wyo. Clarksville-Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky. Colorado Springs, Colo. Columbia-Sumter, S.C.  Columbus, Ga.-Ala. Columbus, Miss. Connecticut (statewide) Decatur, 111. Des Moines, Iowa Dothan, Ala. Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis. El Paso-Alamogordo-Las Cruces, Tex.-N. Mex. Eugene-Springfield-Medford, Oreg. Fayetteville, N.C. Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood and West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, Fla. Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla. Fort Wayne, Ind. F rederick-HagerstownChambersburg, Md.-Pa. Gadsden and Anniston, Ala. Goldsboro, N.C. Grand Island-Hastings, Nebr. Guam, Territory of Harrisburg-Lebanon, Pa. Knoxville, Tenn. La Crosse-Sparta, Wis. Laredo, Tex. Las Vegas-Tonopah, Nev. Lexington-Fayette, Ky. Lima, Ohio Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. Logansport-Peru, Ind. Lorain-Elyria, Ohio Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.-Del. Macon, Ga. Madison, Wis. Maine (statewide) Mansfield, Ohio McAllen-Pharr-Edinburg and Brownsville-Harlingen- San Benito, Tex. Meridian, Miss.  £U.S. Government Printing Office : 1982 -361-265/355   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Counties, N.J. Mobile-Pensacola-Panama City, Ala.Fla. Montana (statewide) Montgomery, Ala. Nashville-Davidson, Tenn. New Bem-Jacksonville, N.C. New Hampshire (statewide) North Dakota (statewide) Northern New York Northwest Texas Orlando, Fla. Oxnard-Simi Valley-Ventura, Calif. Peoria, 111. Phoenix, Ariz. Pine Bluff, Ark. Portsmouth-Chillicothe-Gallipolis, Ohio Pueblo, Colo. Puerto Rico Raleigh-Durham, N.C. Reno, Nev. Riverside-San Bemardino-Ontario, Calif. Salina, Kans. Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, Calif. Sandusky, Ohio Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Calif. Savannah, Ga. Selma, Ala. Sherman-Denison, Tex. Shreveport, La. South Dakota (statewide) Southeastern Massachusetts Southern Idaho Southwest Virginia Spokane, Wash. Springfield, 111.  Stockton, Calif. Tacoma, Wash. Tampa-St. Petersburg, Fla. Topeka, Kans. Tucson-Douglas, Ariz. Tulsa, Okla. Upper Peninsula, Mich. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Calif. Vermont (statewide) Virgin Islands of the U.S. Waco and Killeen-Temple, Tex. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa West Virginia (statewide) Western and Northern Massachusetts Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus, Tex.Okla. Wilmington, Del.-N.J.-Md. Yakima-Richland-KennewickPendleton, Wash.-Oreg. ALSO A VAILABLE—  An annual report on salaries for ac­ countants, auditors, public accountants, chief accountants, attorneys, job ana­ lysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, engineering techni­ cians, drafters, computer operators, and clerical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 2081, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical and Clerical Pay, March 1980, $4.00 a  copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.  Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superin­ tendent of Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years 1974 through 1979, is available on request.  Area  Bulletin number and price*  Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Sept.1981 ...................................................... 301049 Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove,Calif.,Oct. 1981'...................................... 3010-57 Atlanta, Ga., May 1981'.................................................................................... 3010-24 Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1981'............................................................................... 3010-39 3010-75 Billings, Mont., July 1981 .............................................................. Boston, Mass., Aug. 1981'................................................................................. 301048 Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1981' ................................................................................. 3010-61 Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 19811 ........................................................ 301042 Chicago, 111., May 1980 ..................................................................... " ”.' " 3010-19 Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—lnd., July 1981 .......................................................... 3010-30 Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1981'............................................................................. 301044 Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1981'............................................................................. 3010-54 Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1981....................................................... !.!.!...!! 3010-22 Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex., Dec, 1980'.............................................................. 3000-67 Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111., Feb. 1981 .............................. 3010- 7 Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1980' ................................................................................. 3000-64 Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1981 ....................................................................... 3010-38 Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1980' ......................................... 3000-68 Detroit, Mich., Apr. 1981 ................................................................................. 3010-12 Fresno, Calif., June 1981 ................................................................................... 3010-27 Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1981............................................................................... 301045 Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind.,Nov. 1981 .......................................... 3010-59 Green Bay, Wis., July 1981'........................................................................... ” 3010-26 Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., Aug. 1981 ........................ 301043 Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1981 ...................................................... 3010-23 Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1981 .......................................... 3010-71 Houston, Tex., May. 1981 ................................................................................. 3010-14 Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1981 ............................................................................... 3010- 5 Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1981'........... 3010-56 Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1981 ................................................................................. 3010- 4 Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1980..................................................................... ' ’' ’ 3000-66 Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Sept. 1981................................................................ 301047 Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct.1980 .................................................... 3000-63 Louisville, Ky.—lnd., Nov. 1981 ..................................................................... 3010-60   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  $2.50 $345 $3.25 $3.00 H7 75 $3^25 $3.25 $3 25 $2/75 $2.75 $3.25 $3,25 $245 $3.25 $2.25 $2.25 $245 $3 75  $2.75 $2.25 $2.50 $2 50 $245 $2.75 $2.25 $7 50  $2.75 $2.25 $445 $1.75 $1.75 $3.00 $245  $2.75  Area Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss., Nov. 1981............................... Miami, Fla., Oct. 1981' .......................................................... Milwaukee, Wis., May 19811..................................................... Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., Jan. 1981'..................... Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y., June 1981*.......................................... Newark, N.J., Jan. 1981 ..................................................... ''' New Orleans, La., Oct. 198T ................................................... New York, N.Y.—N.J., May 1981' .............................. ' '' Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1981 Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1981 .......................................... Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1981 ............................................ Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1981 .............................................. Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1981........................... Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 1981.......................................... Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1981................................................. ' ^ ’ Portland, Maine, Dec. 1980....................................................... Portland, Oreg.—Wash., June 1981.......................................... Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1981................................................. Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1981.......... Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1981.. Richmond, Va., June 1981........................................................... St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1981................................................... Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1980'..........................................]" ” ' Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1981 ................................................... ... Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1980 .................................. San Antonio, Tex., May 1981 ..................................................... San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1980*..................................................... San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., Mar. 19811 ............................. San Jose, Calif., Mar. 198T ....................................................... Seattle—Everett, Wash., Dec. 1980 ............................................ South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1981....................................................... Toledo, Ohio—Mich., June 19811................................................ Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1981'..................................................... '' Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., Mar. 1981' ............................... Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1981........................................................... Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1981.............................. York, Pa., Feb. 1981'................................... . . . . . .  Bulletin number and price*  ... 3010-17  .. 3010-36  * Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change. ' f*ata on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.  $2.75 $3.25 $3.25 $3.75 $3.00 $2.25 $3.25 $345 $2.25 $245 $2.25 $2.50 $2.25 $3.00 $2.25 $1.75 $2.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.50 $2.50 $2.75 $2.25 $2.50 $2.00 $2.25 $245 $3.00 $3.00 $1.75 $2.25 $2.75 $3.00 $3.00 $2.25 $2.25 $2.75  Postage and Fees Paid U.S. Department of Labor  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, D.C. 20212  Third Class Bulk Rate Official Business Penalty for private use, $300  Permit No. G-59  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices Region I  Region II  Region III  Region IV  1603 JFK Federal Building Government Center Boston, Mass 02203 Phone 223-6761 (Area Code 617)  Suite 3400 1515 Broadway New York. N Y 10036 Phone 944-3121 (Area Code 212)  3535 Market Street, PO Box 13309 Philadelphia, Pa 19101 Phone 596-1154 (Area Code 215)  Suite 540 1371 Peachtree St. N.E Atlanta, Ga 30367 Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)  Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont  New Jersey New York Puerto Rico Virgin islands  Delaware District of Columbia Maryland Pennsylvania Virginia West Virginia  Alabama Florida Georgia Kentucky Mississippi North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee  Region V  Region VI  Regions VII and VIII  Regions IX and X  9th Floor. 230 S Dearborn St. Chicago, ill 60604 Phone 353-1880 (Area Code 312)  Second Floor 555 Griffin Square Building Dallas Tex 75202 Phone 767-6971 (Area Code 214)  Federal Office Building 911 Walnut St. 15th Floor Kansas City. Mo 64106 Phone 374-2481 (Area Code 816)  450 Golden Gate Ave Box 36017 San Francisco. Calif 94102 Phone 556-4678 (Area Code 415)  Arkansas Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas  VII  VIII  IX  X  Iowa Kansas Missouri Nebraska  Colorado Montana North Dakota South Dakota Utah Wyoming  Arizona California Hawaii Nevada  Alaska Idaho Oregon Washington  Illinois Indiana Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis