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Buffalo, New York,
Metropolitan Area, October 1977

Area /9&o-sf
Wage
Survey
Bulletin 1950-58
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Niagara
Vj

^

0^

Buffalo

Erie

Preface
T h is b u ll e t in p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s of an O c t o b e r 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u ­
p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in the B u f f a l o , N e w Y o r k , Sta nda rd M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l
Area.
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s '
ann ual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e ­
g io n a l o f f i c e in N ew Y o r k , N. Y ., u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of A n th o n y J.
F e r r a r a , A ssista n t R egion al C o m m is s io n e r fo r O perations.
The su rv ey
c o u l d not h ave b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w ith o u t the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s
w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a ­
t i o n in th is b u lle tin .
The B ureau w ishes to e x p re s s s in c e r e a p p re cia tio n
f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in th is p u b l i c a t i o n is in the p u b lic d o m a i n and m a y b e
r e p r o d u c e d w it h ou t p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P lease credit




the B u r e a u
p u b lic a ti o n .

of

Labor

Statistics

and

cite

the

nam e

and

num ber

of

th is

Note:
R e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
in the B u f f a l o a r e a a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r the n u r s in g h o m e s ( M a y 1976) and i n ­
d u s t r i a l c h e m i c a l s (June 1976) i n d u s t r i e s .
A l s o a v a ila b le a r e l i s t i n g s o f
u n io n w a g e r a t e s f o r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p r in t in g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g
e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(See
back cov er for add resses.)

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
January 1978
Bulletin 1950-58

Buffalo, New York,
Metropolitan Area, October 1977
Contents

Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n ------------------------------------------------------------------

2

Page
A - 1 2 . H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l

T ables:
A.

E a r n i n g s , all e s t a b l i s h m e n t s :
A - l . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e
w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------A - 2 . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s ­
s io n a l and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s --------- 5
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn ings of
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x ------------A - 4 . H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a i n t e ­
n a n ce , t o o l r o o m , and
p o w e r p l a n t w o r k e r s -----------------------A - 5 . H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l
w o rke r s ---------------------------------------------A - 6 . A v e ra g e h o u rly earnings o f
m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
p o w e r p la n t , m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t, and c u s t o d i a l w o r k e r s ,
A-l.

3

A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B.
7

8

9

P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h ourly earn in gs,adju sted fo r
em ploym ent s h ifts,fo r s e ­
l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ------------- 12

Earn ings, la rg e establish m en ts:
A - 8 . W e e k ly e a r n in g s o f o f f i c e
w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------13
A - 9 - W e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f p r o f e s ­
s io n a l and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s --------- 15
A - 10. A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s o f
o f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x -------------- 16
A - l l . H o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f m a i n t e ­
n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and
p o w e r p la n t w o r k e r s ------------------------- 17

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.



A - 1 3 . A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of
m a in t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
p o w e r p la n t , m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t, and c u s t o d i a l w o r k e r s ,

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y ------------21
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ----------------25

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 74 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u r e a u
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e la t e d
b e n e f i t s . (See l i s t o f a r e a s on in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . ) In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l
e a r n i n g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d ann ually. I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
o b t a in e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h is r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .

E a c h y e a r a f t e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h av e b e e n c o m ­
p l e t e d , t w o s u m m a r y b u ll e tin s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a t io n a l and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r
a ll S t a n d a rd M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the United S t a t e s , e x c lu d in g
A l a s k a and H aw a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n e e d
t o d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
t h r o u g h th e a n a l y s i s o f (1) the l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n ,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . The
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in clu d in g
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g pla n t l o c a t i o n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y th e U.S. D e p a r t ­
m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s t a b le s
T a b l e s A - 1 th r o u g h A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u f a c t u r in g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s . F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b l e s A - 8 t h r o u g h A - 13 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r ia l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
t u r in g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g s e p a r a t e l y . Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in th is o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g is t o o s m a l l to
w arrant sep arate p resen tation .
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
t r e n d s a f t e r e l i n i m a t i o n o f ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h ifts a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
i n c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e a p p e n d ix A.
A p p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s u se d in the a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o ­
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y o c c u p a t i o n .

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1977
We e k ly earnings
(standard)
w

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

T

(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time w e e k l y earnings of—
$

Ave ra ge
we ekly
M ean 2

Me di an 2

Middle range 2

%

$
60

90

s

$

s

s

$

s

5

3

$
19U

s

$

120

130

190

150

160

170

130

3

s

S

$

%

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

110

120

130

193

150

160

170

180

190

210

220

24 0

260

2o 0

300

323

390

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

2 00

110

20 u

-

100

21J

220

290

263

280

300

320

340

over

and
under
90

AL L W O R K E R S
S E C R E T A R I E S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------

1.36 M

3 9 .0

$
2 0 t> * 5 J

$
19 9.50

$
$
1 6 5 .0 0 -2 9 2 .5 0

931

3 9 .5

2 1 5 . 5U

2 0 7.00

1 7 9 .5 0 -2 9 8 .0 0

933

3 8 .0

18 7.50

1 7 7.00

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 1 1 .0 0

59

3 8 .5

2 6 1 .0 0

2 5 7 .0 0

2 9 1 .5 0 -2 6 6 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

82

3 9 .0

2 9 0 .0 0

2 9 9 . GO

2 1 2 .0 0 -2 6 9 .5 0

2 5 3 .0 0

2 9 9.50

2 3 5 .3 0 -2 7 6 .0 0

2 2 2 .5 0

21 1.00

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0

56

3 9 .5

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 3 ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I NS --------------

279

3 8 .5

-

-

10

56
21

30

120

119

79

78

191

199

93

39

32

21

27

30

89
51

139

2

37

67

80

66

5 0

53

120

113

83

31

15

21

29

35

50

33

52

33

39

28

29

25

21

31

13

a

17

-

2

3

5

17

3

7

10

9

i

2

2

10

8

20

10

9

6

3

2

1

4

6

16

13

4

6

3

1

18

18

15

30

19

90

36

13

12

6

1

16
13

-

11

i

-

13

10

4

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

94

3
3

-

1

2

10
-

29

19

7

9

iy

1

32

25

a

10

i

1

2

10

23

4

11

6

i i

13

8

11

13

2

5

*

3

23

27

35

35

57

95

19

39

90

90

62

17

19

17

10

1

8

12

21

22

38

35

1 1

33

28

27

59

12

4

17

10

11

15

15

19

13

19

10

o

12

13

3

5

10

-

1

1

-

7

4

7
12

6

1

155

3 9 .5

23 3 .0 0

23 1.50

1 9 1 .3 0 -2 5 9 .0 0

-

-

-

119

3 7 .5

2 0 9 . 5u

2 0 9 .5 0

1 6 9 .0 0 -2 9 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------

501

3 9 .0

2 1 6 .0 0

2 0 9 .0 0

1 7 9 .5 0 -2 5 7 .5 0

-

-

_

6

338

3 9 .5

2 2 7 .3 0

2 1 9.50

1 3 5 .0 0 -2 7 0 .5 0

-

-

-

3
-

-

163

3 8 .0

19 2.00

1 8 2 .0 0

1 5 5 .0 0 -2 2 9 .5 0

-

-

-

3

6

29

3 3 .0

2 6 9 .0 0

2 8 7 .0 0

2 5 2 .U 0 -3 0 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

~

-

-

2

“

“

3

6

3

5

10

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N 3 -------------

500

3 9 .5

1 3 9 .0 0

1 7 3.00

1 5 5 .5 0 -2 1 3 .0 0

-

-

_

6

6

36

52

52

79

56

37

31

21

15

53

48

3

6

9

-

-

-

-

-

2

13

20

39

60

51

39

20

19

15

52

95

4

-

-

9

23

32

13

19

5

3

i i

2

~

1

3
~

5

6

S T E N O G R A P H E R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------

29

98
4

67
20

106
4 1

95

101
35

84

92
19

57

37

95

68

29

8

a

9

51

50

35

19

35

36

28

7

7

22

13

10

32

1

i

1

4
-

1

9

32

1

i

i

-

-

13

3

25

59

4

2

7

-

-

18

29

3

2

7

-

33

1

“

*

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N I O R -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

582

3 9 .5

1 9 2 .5 0

1 3 2.00

1 6 3 .0 0 -2 2 3 .5 0

-

118

3 8 .5

1 5 c .50

1 9 3.50

1 3 7 . 5 0 - 1 6 5 * JO

-

-

-

991

3 9 .0

1 7 0.00

1 9 5 .0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

3 9 .5

19 1.00

1 5 8 .J O -2 2 5 .5 0

_
-

4

933

1 7 8 .0 0
19 3 .5 0

20
9

4

-

1

67

3

”

1

99
2

66

23

37

-

2

2

1

86

75

95

35

15

21

11

3a

50

26

11

10

17

9

2

27

96

25

19

29

5

4

9

1

24

20

56

49

27

66

44

34

20

14

25

6

1

4

21

9

2c

17

17

12

25

5

-

-

4

503

3 8 .5

1 6 9 .5 0

1 6 0.00

1 3 5 .0 0 -1 6 5 .5 0

-

28

44

97

59

3 3 .5

2 3 9 .5 0

2 9 6.50

2 3 2 .0 0 -2 9 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

987

3 3 .5

1 7 0 .5 0

1 5 8.00

1 9 1 .5 0 -1 9 9 .5 0

_

2

17

16

29

36

2*12

3 9 .0

1 8 0 .0 0

16 6.00

1 9 9 .5 0 -2 0 2 .5 0

-

-

9

i

9

295

3 8 .0

1 6 1 .5o

1 5 0.00

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 7 6 .0 0

"

2

8

17

25

959

3 9 .0

1 8 6 .0 0

18 3.00

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

_

9 0 .0

2 1 0 .5 0

2 0 1.50

1 8 2 .0 0 -2 3 0 .5 0

-

3
-

11
-

19
-

29

191

2
-

9

3

1

21

i i

32

~

6

67
2

52

7

-

-

263

3 8 .5

16 3 .0 0

1 6 7.00

1 9 3 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

-

2

3

11

19

20

19

9
47

28

18

33
33

18

17

3

2

1

1

”

“

50

3 9 .0

1 5 6 .0 0

1 3 9.50

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 9 2 .5 0

-

-

-

2

i i

12

a

-

2

-

1

3

3

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T T P I S T s ----------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------

629

3 8 .5

15 2 .5 0

19 9 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

59

75

72

79

60

50

28

29

20

4

97

i i

5

-

166 • 0 d

15 5 .0 0

1 9 1 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

28

16

3

1 3 0.00

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0

3

8

61

22

22

20
8

25

1 9 0 .0 0

3 9 .0

2 0 9 .5 0

2 2 8 .0 0

1 9 1 .0 0 -2 3 9 .5 0

i

56
23
1

38

3 » .0

29
46
7

28

326
43

10
49

2
2

-

3 9 .5

3
-

63

298

3
-

1

1

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O n M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

203

3 9 .0

1 6 a .50

15 7.50

1 2 3 .5 0 -2 1 9 .0 0

-

3

19

13

20

13

9

15

101

3 9 .5

19 2 .0 0

18 9.00

1 5 9 .0 0 -2 3 0 .5 0

-

-

28
-

4

12

3 8 .0

1 9 5 .0 0

12 9.50

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

3

28

13

13

16

17
1

6

102

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S b --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------

921

3 8 .5

1 9 9 .5 0

1 9 0 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

3

5

35

95

62

52

61

51

35

22

197

3 9 .0

1 5 2 .5 0

19 7 .5 0

1 3 3 .0 0 -1 6 6 .5 0

-

-

2

9

29

29

39

32

16

19

5

33
*

36

33

22

8

7

19
1

3

“

28
1

19
1

~

6
6

25

20

10

11

9

16

9

4

29

18

9

8

8

5

3

2

9
9

13

15

a

6

9

1

19

8

4

2
2

2

12

1

3

“

3

TRANSCRIBING-HACHINE

TTFISTS —

F I L E C L E R K S ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------FI L E C L E R K S .

C L A S S C ---------------------

nonmanufacturing

M E S S E N G E R S ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

229

3 3 .0

1 3 7 .5 0

13 0.00

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 1 .5 0

26

3 3 .0

1 3 7 .5 0

2 1 9 .5 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -2 2 1 .0 0

3
“

*

152

3 3 .0

1 3 5 .0 0

12 3.00

1 1 3 .5 0 -1 6 0 .5 0

11

21

122

3 7 .5

12 6 .5 0

11 8 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0

11

21

9U

3 7 .5

12 0 .0 0

1 1 8 .0 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

11

21

33

3 7 .0

1 1 7 .

5J

1 1 6.00

9 0 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

11

21

196

3 3 .0

1 9 2 .0 0

1 2 5.00

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0

-

98

3 7 .5

1 3 9 .5 0

11 9 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

2

6

27

37

12

9

5

25

31

6

7

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b le s .




1

44

3

1

3

10
1

-

-

1

“

9
7
2
2

29

2
2

6
6

8

11

4

6

33

9

-

2

7
1

10

3

6

19

9

4

-

2

1

1

~

19

*

-

-

21

9

-

3

19

2

i

18

8

1

9

i

10

2
2

-

-

3

5
3

12

9

4

2

1

i
i

9
1

*

3

2
~

-

1

-

2

2
2

18

9

29

5
*
~
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
3

2

i

-

-

1

i

*

2
2

-

-

i

-

*

2
2

13

13

i

2

-

-

-

2
2

13

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

~

1

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1977— Continued
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a rn in gs o f—
M___ ^

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

s

A ve ra ge
we ek ly
standard)

M ean 2

Medi an 2

Middle range 2

s

S
60

90

s
100

$

%
120

1 10

a
130

5
140

s

$
150

160

i
170

i
180

S

$

S
200

190

210

$

*
220

240

s

$
260

s

i
320

300

230

and
under

340

-

90

110

100

1 20

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

21 u

220

240

260

300

2d3

and

320

340

over

UORKERS—
CONTINUED

all

SUI T C H 6 0 A R 3 O P E R A T O R S ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U r I n G ------------------

120

3 8 .5

$
15 3 .0 0

$
1 4 7.00

$
$
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 9 2 .5 0

-

29

2

5

3

1

2 1

7

3

8

3

12

2

3

3

12

-

1

-

-

-

83

3 8 .5

13 7 .0 0

1 4 2 . OJ

9 2 .0 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

-

29

2

4

3

1

21

5

4

2

1

2

1

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

S U I T C h 8 uA R3 O P E R A T O r - R E C E P T X O N I S T S M A N U F A C T u R l N G ----------------------

229

3 9 .5

1 5 2 .5 0

14 4.00

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

_

10

39

43

27

16

10

1 1

12

8

2

8

_

3 9 .5

16 j •0 0

1 6 1.00

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 8 7 .5 0

-

13
-

9

99

14
-

2

2

15

12

15

6

10

6

2

i

7

-

28

15

1

4

1

4

°

i

1

19

3

34

29

1

27

7

7

1

27

7

7

“

~

.VOn m a n U F a C T U R I . 4 3 ---------------------------------------

13U

3 9 .0

14 4 .0 0

14 0.00

1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 5 3 . OU

-

14

13

7

S

16
21

OR D E R C L E R K S --------------------------r A N U F ACT 0 RI NG ---------------------t
NO N f A N JF A C T UR I N G ------------------t

199

3 9 .5

18 3 .0 0

1 7 6.50

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 G 6 .0 0

1 9 0.50

1 7 6 .5 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

4
-

4

1

1

19
6

3

12

24

9o

3 9 .5

1 9 7 .5 J
16 7 • b 0

3
-

1

3 9 .5

3
-

13

103

1
-

1 5 8 .5 0

1 4 2 .5 0 -1 7 2 .5 0

i

3

3

4

9

“

16

13

“

22

5

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------r e t a i l t r a d e ---------------------

1.13 4

39. C

1 8 9 .5 0

17 0.00

1 4 0 .0 0 -2 1 6 .0 0

-

23

28
-

45

87

99

136

57

36

120

37

67

-

22

45

45

12

38

57

23

51

28

45

65
-

54
*

91

45

48

63

14

lo

3

-

-

1

2

14

15

11

2

2

* c l a s s a ------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

27

51

65

28

25
20
5
~

2

accounting

clerks

6 33

3 9 .5

2 1 o .5 J

1 9 3.50

1 6 2 .5 0 -2 6 9 .0 0

-

-

801

3 9 .0

1 6 3 . Oo

1 4 9.00

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0

-

6b

4 0 .0

2 8 9 .0 0

30 8.50

2 4 1 . 5 0 - 3 2 8 . OG

-

20
-

173

3 9 .0

1 3 4 . Ou

1 2 9.00

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

524

3 9 .6

2 2 2 .0 J

1 9 6.53

1 6 6 .0 0 -2 9 4 .5 0

286

3 9 .6

2 5 1 .5 0

2 2 9.53

1 6 4 . U0 - 3 2 7 . 5 v

238

3 9 .0

1 3 o •5 u

1 7 0 . OJ

1 4 9 .0 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

3 0 5 .0 0

32 8.00

2 4 6 .0 0 -3 4 6 .0 0

33

11

20

33

31

15

13

5
-

6
-

11
-

1 1
-

33

-

1
-

1 0

4

20

28

19

-

1

5

6

11

11

2s

23

31

37

9

_

a c c o u n t i n g c l e r k s . C l a s s b ------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

8 10

3 9 .0

l o 1 .0 J

1 4 4.50

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 7 7 .0 0

-

247

3 9 .0

1 7 6 .0 0

1 6 6.03

1 3 9 . 0 0 - 1 9 3 .5J

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------p o o l ic u t i l i t i e s ---------------R E T A I L t r a d e ---------------------

363
33

39 .0

1 5 1 .0 0
2 7 2 .5 0

1 4 3.03

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

4 d . 0

29 5 .5 0

2 4 1 .0 0 -5 0 6 .5 0

-

141

3 9 .0

1 2 4 .5u

1 2 2 .0 0

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

M A CH IN E

G I l L E k S -----------------------nonmanufacturing:

5 j

_

_

_

-

-

6
-

-

-

6

*

-

-

-

9

15

4

-

-

-

4

3

3

6

1
1

12

“

27

42

39

25

25

24

13

28

31

19

2 o

14

14

6

6

3

5

3

2

3

~

32

25

30

Is

13

17

14

12

13

5

3

1

4

2

“

“
59

36

21

27

23

4

20

10

10

4

20

10

*10

“

1

47

~

49

■

i

1o

12

31

36

59

6

i

13

12

27

28

49

4

10

10

“

4

10

lo

_

_

76

88

9 3

30

35

55

9

42

1 o

2

12

26

7

13

22

45

35

3

18

29

4

31

6

-

11

25

4

9

16
-

_

39

54

63
-

22
~

26

5
-

11

1

3

5

4

16

-

_

1

12
-

2

-

43
~

17

-

2

1

3

3

4

16

_

_

23

33

31

15

12

6

10

-

-

19
-

23

19

23

-

-

11

39

3

-

3

67

3 9 .0

2 0 7 .0 0

18 0.00

1 4 6 .0 0 -2 9 5 .0 0

-

-

6

-

1

4

9

-

2

7

11

1

-

-

-

2

-

24

-

----------------

2>

4i). u

2 9 1 .0 J

2 9 5 .0 0

2 9 5 . 0 0 - 2 9 5 . Ou

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

24

-

-

-

B I L L I N G - M A C H I N E b i l l e r s ----------NONMANUFACTURING I
P J 3 L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

64

3 9 .0

2 0 9 .5 0

1 3 0.00

1 4 6 .0 0 -2 9 5 .0 3

-

-

6

-

-

4

9

-

-

7

11

1

-

-

-

2

-

*4

-

-

-

28

4u . 0

2 9 1 .0 0

2 9 5 .0 0

2 9 5 .0 0 -2 9 5 .0 0

2

-

24

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

123

3 9 .0

24c. . 3 0

22 9.50

1 6 6 .0 0 -3 3 4 .5 0

.

-

.

-

3

5

1

26

-

-

24

1

_

5

2

ii

“

i
i

5

i

26

“

~

15

1

-

5

2

13

12

30

70

96

6 6

50

71

43

26

25

14

43

43

22

25

24

37

29

20

10

23

21

4 1

26

34

14

22
4

6
-

5

4

15

22

6

3

3

2

2

3

2

1

22

8

21

17

20

22

13

42

31

3

PUBLIC

UTILITIES

"

111

3 9 .0

2 4 9 .5 0

24 8 .0 0

1 6 6 .0 0 -3 4 2 .5 0

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

890

3 9 .0

1 7 1 .0 0

1 6 0.00

1 3 4 . 0 0 - 2 0 7 . 5G

-

321

3 9 .5

1 9 8 .5 0

1 3 3.50

1 5 9 .0 0 -2 3 0 .5 0

369

3 9 .0

14 9 .5 0

13 7.50

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 6 3 .0 0

-

18

54

3 9 .0

2

22 8 .0 0

1 7 7 .5 0 -2 3 7 .0 0

-

-

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ----m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

286

3 9 .5

2 0 8 . 5u

2 1 1 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0 -2 4 2 .5 0

*

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S 8 ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

*

lo .

0

U

4 D .0

2 1 8 .0 0

1 8 0 .5 0 -2 7 2 .0 0

-

83

3 8 .0

18 3 .0 0

1 9 0.00

1 4 6 .5 0 -2 1 1 .0 0

-

28

3 9 .0

2 3 0 .5 0

2 3 7 .0 0

2 0 5 . 5 0 - 2 4 2 . 5J

3 9 .0

1 4 8 .5 0

1 3 9.50

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

-

118

3 9 .5

16 5 .0 0

15 7.00

1 4 2 .8 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

288

3 9 .0

1 3 9 .0 0

1 3 4 .0 0

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 5 1 .5 0

~

21 7 .0 0

1
1

* 26

11

2

5

28

62

6

3

53
4

6
-

6
0

6

4

4

59

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

2

3

61

74

_

6

7

6

9

16
1 1

16

12

18

17

9

27

21

-

55

5

2

3

-

7

6

5

5

5

5

5

2

5

4

15

10

4

4

-

-

-

-

~

“

1

1

-

29

11

"

“

~

3

2

1

10

4

4

-

-

-

23

64

87

50

42

50

26

6

3

i

1

12

2

3

1

4

-

16

14

21

21

17

4

3

i

1

*

-

3

1

4

69

36

21

29

2

-

-

-

*

-

1
13

_

3
-

~

1 1

W o r k e r s w e r e at $3 4 0 to $36 0.

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




-

5

4

-

203

9

-

2

~

12

~

404

1

-

9
9

4

22

9
d 5

9

12

2

*

*

*

Table A-2.

Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1977
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Occupation an d industry division

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time we e k l y earnings of—
%
s
$
$
S
S
%
*
*
$
$
$
%
*
*
%
*
$
%
$
460
460
240
28 0 300
34 0
360
330
40 0
420
440
180
200
220
260
320
190
150
160
170
Under
and
and
*
under
150
460
480 over
360
38 0
400
4 20
440
34 J
280
300 320
24 0
260
160
190
220
170
loO
200

ALL W O R K E R S

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B US I N E S S ) ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

$
39 .5 34 4 . 5 0
40. U 36 2 . 5 0
3 9 . 0 32 3 . 0 0

225
106
119

C O HP JT Ek SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S b A ----n o n m a n u f a c t u r i w g ---------

94
51

COMPUTEk s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s
(B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S 3 ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N K A N U F A C T U R I N G --------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O n H A N U F a C T J R I N G ------------------

$
$
$
34 2. 50 3 0 1 . 5 0 - 3 8 0 . 0 0
355.00 3 1 5 . 5 0 - 4 0 1 . 0 0
33 0. 50 2 8 8 . 0 0 - 3 7 4 . 5 0

-

_

39 .5 3 7 9 . 0 0 36 1. 00 3 4 6 . 3 0 - 4 0 4 . 5 3
3 9 . 0 3 5 7 . 0 0 37 4. 50 3 3 3 . 5 0 - 3 8 4 . 0 0

_

_

~

121
54
67

39.5 32 2 . 5 0 31 8. 00 2 8 8 . 0 0 - 3 4 5 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 3 4 0 . 5 0 33 1. 50 3 1 4 . 5 0 - 3 5 5 . 0 0
3 9 . 0 3 0 3 . 0 J 3 1 2 . 5J. 2 8 2 . 0 0 - 3 4 2 . 5 0

_

331
142
239

3 9 . 0 2 6 3 . 5 0 25 1. 50 2 1 2 . 0 0 - 2 9 6 . 0 0
39.5 2 9 9 . 5 0 2 8 5. 50 2 4 7 . 0 0 - 3 4 0 . 5 0
39 . 0 2 4 2 . 0 0 23 9. 00 2 0 8 . 6 0 - 2 7 9 . OJ

i
1

~

*
-

COMPUTER PR OGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
CL A S S A ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

105
6J

39 .0 3 2 0 . UO 29 9 . 5 0 2 7 1 . 5 0 - 3 5 0 . 0 0
39.5 3 5 3 . 5 0 3 3 4 . 5u 2 9 2 . 0 0 - 3 9 5 . 0 0

programmers
(b u s i n e s s ) i
CL AS S B ---------------------------------------- ------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------

IBs
59
129

39.5 2 5 5 . 5 0 24 9 . 5 0 2 2 4 . 5 0 - 2 8 1 . 0 0
39.5 2 3 2 . 5 0 2 6 6. 50 2 4 7 . 0 0 - 3 3 0 . 0 0
3 9 . 0 2 4 3 . 0 U 23 9 . 0 0 2 1 1 . 5 0 - 2 6 9 . 0 0

_

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (B US IN ES S)i
C L A S S C ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

87
64

_
-

3
3

_

computer

manufacturing

-

39 .0 2 1 2 . 5 0 19 9. 00
33.5 2 1 6 . 0 0 2 0 7 . 5 0

_

12
7
5

14
1
13

24
4
20

31
19
12

22
11
11

32
11
21

27
13
14

28
12
16

7
6
1

8
5
3

5
4
i

_

_
“

i
i

4
4

3
3

3
3

3

8
5

17
9

25
lo

7
1

6
3

4
1

5
1
4

10
1
9

21
4
17

26
19
9

14
6
6

24
8
16

10
S
5

3
3

_

_

_
-

*

2
2
*

3
3
~

49
20
29

37
15
22

45
12
33

19
9
10

27
lo
11

16
13
3

4
3
1

8
6
2

2
2
~

1
1
“

3
3

6
6

4
4

_

_

_

-

~

“

i
i

27
8
19

47
7
40

49
10
39

6
6

14
4
10

14
3
11

1

_

_
-

i
i

~

_
-

1
“

5

6
1

6
2

14
7

20
8

10
5

11
9

7
6

3
2

8
6

_

“

~
_

1
1

~

_
-

_

“
*
_

“

5

12

38
7
31

38
15
23

22
8
14

19
4
15

5
4
1

14
7
7

9
7
2

1
1

_

2
2

1
_

5

12

22
4
18

1

2

"

3
3

6
6

_
“

_
-

_

"

~

131.50-226.00
175.JO-223.5U

-

3
i

6
6

12
8

9
6

14
6

20
17

5
3

5
2

1
1

6
6

4
4

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
2
*17

15
2
13

20
13
7

22
5
17

27
3
24

23
6
12

53
21
32

40
19
21

15
11
4

25
19
6

3
2
i

4
4
-

11
6
3

32
28
4

1
1
-

5
5
-

4
4
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

_

_

-

-

-

3
~

3
~

-

6
i

4
3

18
a

14
9

9
9

19
17

2
2

2
2

7
7

24
24

-

i
i

1
i

1
1

1
1

-

-

2
2
-

4
1
3

a
4
4

1
1
"

4
4
“

3
3

-

-

-

-

*

”

-

-

CO MPUTER OPERATORS.
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----

115
d5

39.5 2 3 7 . 5 0 26 0 . 5 0
40 . 0 2 3 9 . 5 0 26 8. 00

computer operators.
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---nonkanufacturing -

103
65
113

39 .0 2 1 4 . 5 0 2 0 2 . OJ 1 7 6 . 0 0 - 2 3 1 . 5 0
39.5 23V. 00 20 9 . 5 0 1 8 7 . 5 0 - 2 6 3 . 0 0
33 .5 2 0 1 . Ou 1 9 4. 00 1 7 6 . u 0 - 2 2 0 . 5 0

10
•
10

12
2
10

13
9
4

22
5
17

15
2
13

16
5
11

35
13
22

26
10
16

6
2
4

6
2
4

-

*

“

39.5 2 7 3 . 0 0 2 6 9. 00 2 3 2 . u O - 3 1 3 . 0 0
39 .5 2 7 9 . 5 0 2 7 4 . OJ 2 3 2 . J O - 3 3 1 . 5 J
40. U 2 5 6 . 0 0 2 6 4 . 0 0 2 3 0 . 0 0 - 2 9 6 . 0 0

15
11
4

3

20
14
6

5
2
3

23
16
7

14
11
3

7“
57
17

78
39
39

82
69
13

94
62
32

83
60
28

63
34
29

30
6D
13

19
15
4

33
33

20
20
"

11
ii

12
12

-

nonkanufacturing

734
531
203

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --N O n p .ANUF a C T U R I N G

270
190
BU

39 .5 3 0 5 . 5 J 29 6 . 0 0 2 6 5 . 0 0 - 3 4 7 . 0 0
39 .5 3 1 6 . 0 0 3 0 3 . 5J 2 6 2 . 5 0 - 3 7 1 . 5J
4 0 . 0 2 9 1 . 0 0 29 5 . 0 0 2 7 5 . 0 0 - 3 0 1 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

19
16
3

22
22
~

54
35
19

45
18
27

39
15
24

1o
15
3

15
11
4

24
24
-

11
11
“

ii
ii
-

12
12
-

-

-

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------NONE A N U F A C TU r ING — * ----------------

293
223
7U

39.5 2 7 0 . 0 0 25 9. 00 2 3 0 . 0 0 - 3 2 2 . 0 0
39.5 2 7 c . 00 27 3. 00 2 3 1 . 0 0 - 3 3 0 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 5 0 . 5 0 23 3 . 0 0 2 3 0 . 0 0 - 2 5 9 . 5 0

-

-

-

62
51
11

41
13
28

44
31
13

28
23
5

30
29
1

13
13

5o
44
12

3
3

6
8

9
9

-

-

209.30-327.50
2 4 2 . 5 0 - 3 4 9 . OJ

3

-

-

-

*
"
-

-

4
4

1 at $ 110 to $ 120; 3 at $ 120 to $ 130; 6 at $ 130 to $ 140; and 7 at $ 140 to $ 150.

at en d o f t a b l e s .




6
'

1
1

39 .0 2 3 0 . 0 0 20 9.50 1 8 0 . 0 0 - 2 6 4 . 5 0
39.5 2 6 3 . 0 0 25 3. 00 2 0 5 . J O - 3 4 8 . 0 0
39 . 0 19 o •00 1 9 c . 00 1 7 3 . U 0 - 2 1 8 . O J

W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows:

"

4
4

313
157
16 1

S e e fo o t n o t e s

5
5

“

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S -M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NOn M A N u FACTURING -

D R A F T E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

7
7

5

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

Table A-2.

Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1977— Continued
""weekl^^arnlng^^^
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard) Mean2

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time w e ekly earnings of—
t

S

$

$

$

S

t

s

s

$

6

%

%

%

%

$

S

s

s

$

workers

170

iao

190

20 0

22 0

24 0

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

46 0

170

ldO

190

200

220

24 0

26 0

280

30 0

32 0

34 0

360

380

400

4 20

440

460

480 over

3

20
14

5
2

23
16

ID
7

12
6

18
10
8

16
16

12
4
8

1
1

11
6

6
O

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

150
Median 2

Middle range 2

Under
S

15U

all

160

160

Occupation and industry division

--

CONTINUED
DRAFTERS - CONTINUED
-

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

153
101

4 0 . 0 2 1 5 . 5 0 lo 7 . 0 0
39 . 5 2 1 7 . 5 0 2 0 7 . 0 0
•:>

1 7 0 . 0 0 - 2 4 5 . 0J
175.00-245.00

14
*11
3

3

6

3

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ------- -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

419
89

40. 0 3 3 6 . 5 0 3 5 1 . 5 0 3 5 1 . 5 0 - 3 5 1 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 2 3 0 . 5 0 29 2. 50 2 1 9 . 0 0 - 3 3 1 . 0 0

-

-

-

4
4

-

9
8

15
13

5
3

4
4

4
4

17
14

15
10

23
19

247
5

73
2

2
2

1
1

-

_

_

-

-

-

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S 8M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

14b
54

4 0 . 0 3 2 0 . 0 0 3 5 1 . 5 0 2 7 7 . 5 0 - 3 6 5 . 0J
4 0 . 0 2 5 7 . DO 2 3 1 . 0J 2 0 2 . 0 0 - 3 3 0 . 0 0

_

-

_

8
8

14
13

5
3

4
4

2
2

2
2

3
3

10
1U

32
5

62
“

-

-

-

-

_

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

R E G I S T E R E D i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

123
114

4 0 . 0 2 7 4 . 0 0 27 0 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 2 7 7 . 0 0 27 1 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

4
4

2
1

7
5

22
19

16
15

18
18

14
12

16
lb

13
13

8
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

_

232.00-315.00
239.00-316.50

* W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 140 to $ 150.
See footnotes at end of tables.




480

and
under

6

Table A -3 .

A verage w eekly earnings of o ffice, professional, and tech nical w orkers, by sex,

in B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ctober 1977
Average
(mean2 )
Sex, 3 occupation,

OFFICE
OROER

a n d indu st ry division

OCCUPATIONS

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

5i

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

40.0

Sex, 3 occupation, a n d industry division

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S
WOMEN— CONTINUED

$
217.00

16V
10V

ACCOUNTING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING

OCCUPATIONS

Average
(mean2)

- MEN

CLERKS

OFFICE

Number
of
workers

39.5
39.5

253.00
284.00

134
96

39.5
39.5

263.00
289.00

WOMEN

S E C R E T A R I E S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------NO N M A N U F AC T UR I N 3 ------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------

1.343
931
412
59

39.0
39.5
33.0
38.5

207.50
215.50
139.30
261.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

32
5b

39.0
39.5

240.00
258.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --

274
155
11V

33.5
39.5
37.5

222.50
233.00
2 0 9 . 5J

SECRETARIES. CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PU9LIC UTIuITIES

501
33 3
163

2V

39.0
39.5
33.0
33.0

218.00
227.50
192.00
26V•0 U

SECRETARIES. CLASS D
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

479
38 2

39.5
39.5

185.50
198.50

939
432
50 7
54

3 9.0
39.5
33.5
33.5

170.00
193.00
165.00
234.50

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

435
24 1
24 4

33.5
39.0
33.0

170.50
179.00
161.50

S T E N O G R A P H E D . S E N I O R -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

45 4
191
26 3

39.0
40.0
33.5

130.00
210.50
163.00

---------

MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

5U

3 9.0

156.00

621
29 3
32 3
45

33.5
39.5
33.0
39.0

152.50
166 • Dli
140.00
209.50

TYPISTS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —
NONKANUFACTURING

203
101
102

39.0
39.5
33.0

16 b • 5 0
192.00
145.00

TYPISTS. CLASS B —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R l N G -■
PUBLIC UTILITIES

41 3
197

33.5
39.0
37.5
33.0

144.50
158.50
1 3 7 . 5u
187.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE

typists

TYPISTS

-----------------manufacturing
----NONFi A N U F AC T O R I NG — •
PUBLIC UTILITIES

99
73

33.0
37.5

$
1 3 7 . Ou
1 3 7 . Ou

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
N O N M A N U F A C T U R l N G --

117
80

33.5
33.5

156.00
137.50

SW ITCH3 0ARJ OPERA TO R- RE CE PT IO NI ST SMAN UFACI U R I N G
NO N rtAMJF A C T O R I NG

229
99
13 0

39.5
39.5
39.0

152.50
165.00
144.00

O R D E R C L E R r i ----MAN UFAC T U R I N G
NO N M A N U F A C T U R I i i
\3

144
73
6b

39.5
39.5
39.5

1 70« O U
1 9 c . 00
144.00

A C C O U N T I N G CLtivKS
MA N U F A C T UKIfoG
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I NG
P U 3 L I C U T I L I TI
S ETAIL TRADE

93 4
42 4
510
4b
149

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.0

174.50
1 9 9 . OJ
162.50
234.0J
130.00

AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS. CLASS A M A N U F A C T O R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R l N G -------------

36 6
191
177

39.0 212.50
3 9 . 5 2 3 3 . OJ
3 9 . G 1 9 0 . OJ

cl er ks, class b M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R l N G ------------R E T A I L T t \ A D E ------- -------

56 b
23 3
33 3
133

39.0
39.0
39.0
3V.0

1 5 7 . 5U
171.50
1 4 8 . OU
124.00

59

39.0

196.00

5b

39.0

196.50

-----------------------------------

70
6b

38.0
33.0

1 V o .5 0
200.50

-----------------------------nonranufacturing
------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------

675
321
354
44

39.0
39.5
33.5
33.5

171.50
196.50
1 4 6 . 5 l>
204.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- : -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R l N G ---- --------

27 5
2U3
72

39.5
4 0.0
33.0

207.50
213.00
176.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS 8
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R l N G ------------

40 0
113
28 2

39.0
39.5
39.0

14o.50
lOD.Oo
136.50

M E S S E N G E R S ---------NONMANUFACTURING

MACHINE

SILLERS

------------------

BILLING-MACHINE
PAYROLL

CLCr Ks

billers

----

manufacturing
keypunch

operators

MANUFACTURING

P R O F E S S I O N A L AN U
OCCUPATIONS

33.0
37.5

1 3 3 . OU
1 2 6 . 5U

83
83

37.5
37.0

1 1 9 . OJ
1 17.3J

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A -----

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.




Sex, 3 occupation, a n d industry division

7

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours
(standard) (standard)

AN D TEC-INI CA L
HEN--CONTINUED

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSINESS) - CO NT I N U E D
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) * C L A S S 3 ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

99
59

39.5
39.5

k . o u
313.00

programmers
(b u s i n e s s ) —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R l N G --------------------

244
101
143

39.0
39.5
39.0

275.00
314.00
246.00

C O M P J TE R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) *
C L A S S A -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

81
53

39.0
39.5

335.00
361.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
C L A S S 8 -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R l N G --------------------

124
90

39.0
39.0

261.00
253.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

206
96
110

39.5
40.0
39.0

236.50
280.00
196.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

73
56

39.5
40.0

270.50
293.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S * C L A S S 8 -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

125
85

39.5
39.0

220.00
200.50

D R A F T E R S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R l N G --------------------

702
516
186

39.5
39.5
40.0

2 7 4 . Ou
279.50
259.50

D r a f t e r s * c l a s s a -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R l N G --------------------

267
187
80

39.5
39.5
40.0

3 0 b . 50
316*5J
291.00

O R A F T E K S * C L A S S 6 -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N 6 A NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------

281
22 0
61

39.5
39.5
40.0

270.50
276.00
250.00

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

142
96

39.5
39.5

216.00
213.50

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

40 3
81

40.0
40.0

339.00
290.00

8-

13d

40.0

326.00

computer

ELECTRONICS

TECHNICIANS*

CLASS

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

TEC-INI C A L
- MEN

122
c

Average
(mean2)

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) -------------------manufacturing
------------nonmanufacturing
---------

26
146

F I L E C L E R K S --------NONMANUFACTURING
F I L E C L E r KS . C L A S s
NONKANUF ACTURING

221

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours
[standard) (standard)

-

accounting

STENOGRAPHERS

Number
of
workers

COMPJTEr

---

115

39.5

237.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
C L A S S B --------------------------------

programmers

(BUSINESS)

64

39.5

39.5
40.0
39.5

350.50
3 7 0 . 0 0 C O M P J T E R O P E R A T O R S --------------------332.00
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

244.50

193
9c
101

94
61

39.5
39.5

222.50
236.50

85

39.5

382.00

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E s ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

122
113

40.0
40.0

27s.5J
276.50

Table A-4.

Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1977
Hou l e r i g *
r y anns

Occupation and industry division

Number
o
f
wres
okr

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

4.60 4.SO 5.0J 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 o.OO 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80
Mean 2 Median2

Middle r n e 2
ag

Unde r
and
$
under

_

_

7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.30 8. 0 0 8. 40 3. 8 0 9. 2 0 9. 60

_

-

and

4.60

4.30 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.30 6.00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00

0 7.80 6.00 8. 4 0 S. dO 9 . 2 0 9. 6C over

7.20 7.

AL l WORKERS
MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------

167
154

$
7.91
7.97

$
7.93
7.97

$
$
7.50— 3.60
7.56- 3.80

MAINTENANCE e l e c t r i c i a n s -------MANUFACTURING ----------------NOn m ANUFACIURIN3 --------------

11193
1 v126
67

3« 12
8.13
7.94

7.9a
7.95
7.35

7.32- 9.36
7.33- 9.36
7.32- o.02

MAINTENANCE p a i n t e r s ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

133
129

7.7 2
7.36

7. 53
7.5o

7.01- 9.10
7.17- 9.10

--------------------

479
459

7.60
7.53

7.56
7.5a

7.14- 3.23
7.09- 8.10

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY)
m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

1.392
1.347

3.53
8.55

9.3o
9.36

7.6-*- 9.36
7.7o- 9.36

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PU3LIC UTILITIES -----------

53 d
233
352
301

7.51
7.42
7.57
7.72

7. 33
7.33
7.95
8.20

6.6^5.346.756.75-

MAINTENANCE PIr-EFITTERS--------MANUFACTURING ----------------

636
630

8.19
3.20

7.99
8.03

7.59- 9.18
7.59- 9.16

MAINTENANCE SHEET-META l WORKERS MANUFACTURING ----------------

223
205

3.45
3.61

9. 18
9. la

7.57- 9.13
7.99- 9.16

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

It 151
1.151

3.24
3.24

8.78
8.78

7.33- 9.16
7.33- 9.16

MAINTENANCE t r a d e s h e l p e r s -----NONMANUFACTURING ------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s -----------

251
63
61

6.92
6.66
6. 86

7.06
6.72
6.72

6.72- 7.77
6.72- 6.73
6.72- 6.73

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOl ROOM)
MANUFACTURING ----------------

555
555

3.73
3.78

9.26
9.2o

9.17- 9.27
9.17- 9.27

TO O L AND o i l m a k e r s ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

399
699

3.62
3.62

9.39
9. 39

7.53- 9.44
7.56- 9.44

STATIONARY e n g i n e e r s -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------

355
321

7.37
7.36

7.42
7.42

6.43- 8.25
o.ll- 3.28

BOILER TENDERS -----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

83
83

7.31
7.31

6.39
6.39

6.86- 7.36
6.86- 7.86

maintenance

machinists

MANUFACTURING

----------

MILLWRIGHT., ---------------------------------

41
33
31

1

132

115

106

115

a2

2

1 00
100

29

48

454
454

29

11

22

22

37
37
41
41

3.84
9.16
6.82
6.82

16
16

66

66

17
37
34

152
152

73

85

806
803

70

30

28

1 44

12

55
39
39

16

28

11

13
10

16
16

16
16

90
15
15

7
88

-

242
242

-

127
127

12

520
520

30

21
21

386
388

45
45

31
31

48
63
63

1

14
11

2d
2b

29
24

29
29

26
26

See footnotes at end of tables.




32
31

74
74

8

99
99

563
563
33
33

23
23

Table A-5.

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1977
Hourly earnings 4

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
*
2 .3 0

Mean *

Medi an*

Middle range *

2.3 0

2 .6 0

2 .6 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .6 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

and
under
2.1(0

AL l

2 .6 0

*

*

i

»

i

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0 7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

-

-

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .6 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 ,6 0

5 .0 0

5.30

5 .6 0

6 .2 0

-

6 .6 0

7.0 0

i

-

7 .6 0

7.oO

8 .2 0

and
u .6 0

over

WORKERS

T RU CK D R I V E R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------R E T A I L TR AD E ----------------

$
7 .1 9

$
7 .1 3

$

2.79 6
529

6 .5 2

6 .6 7

5 .8 2 -

7 .3 7

2.2 6 5

7 .3 5

7 .2 5

6 .6 2 -

6 .5 3

$

7 .9 6

8 .5 3

6 .7 9 -

0.5 3

27

170

6 .0 1

6 .6 3

6 .6 6 -

6 .9 5

16

93
51
62
9
33

T r J C K O R I V E R S , L I G H T TR U C K --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

631

6 .0 8

6 .6 2

6 .1 8 -

6 .6 2

65

1

151

6 .2 6

6 .1 8

6 .1 6 -

7.37

63

T R U C K D R I V E R S , M E D I U M TR UC K -M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F a C T U R I N G ------------P u a L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------

352

6 .b 4

6 .6 7

6 .9 7 -

8 .5 3

53

T R U C K D R I V E R S . HE A V Y TRUCK
(T RAILER) ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ---------T R U C K D R I V E R S . HE AV Y TRUCK
(O THER TH AN T R AI LE R) -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------NORM A NUF AC T JR I N G ------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------

1.1 9 6

84

6 .6 7 -

8 .5 3

2

13

25

2

13

25

366

25
36

22

9?

66

3

265

5.9 8

5 .3 3

4 .9 5 -

6 .9 3

6 .8 5

6 .7 9

6 .0 5 -

8 .5 3

37

200

7 .7 2

8 .5 3

6 .6 7 -

6 .5 3

-

16
16
-

70
3
67
67

28

56

93

6 6

-

28
28

-

13
13
_
-

-

-

_

-

-

108
5
103
103

-

-

3.0 4

8 . 53

8 .2 1 -

8 .5 3

25

777

6 .3 3 -

3 .4 3

12

-

6 .9 9

23

3

6

1

39

28
-

3 .1 3

3 .5 3

3 .2 1 -

3 .5 3

13

33

90

60

13

-

738

28

631

6 .5 0

8 .5 3

8 .5 3 -

a .5 3

8

-

-

10

-

585

28

23
15
8
~

77
37
60
-

362
66
298
16

-

157
16
161
123

-

-

10
10
-

3
2

19
9

9
9

2
2

3
3

1
1

16
16
-

28
8
20

23
5
13

14
13
1

1
1

29

_

-

-

29

*

31
31
-

3a
36

-

1

12

*

-

-

1

12

-

-

102
90
12
12

200
11
189
27
107

275
275
15
-

4
4
-

4
4
-

63
23
15
3
-

-

86
86

83
83

2
2
-

2
2
“

-

-

62
62

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

274
274

-

*

326
200
126
30

106
108

61
61

285
235

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

696

-

379

6 .9 8

7 . 13

6 .1 5 -

7 .2 5

16b

6 .6 0

6 . 99

5 .3 6 -

7 .2 2

7 .0 6

7 .1 3

6 .1 5 -

7 .2 5

8.5 3

8 .5 3 -

6 .5 3

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

113

5.3 7

3 .0 5

6 .0 9 -

o .6 5

81

5 .5 1

3 . 39

6 .2 5 -

6 .6 5

R E C E I V I N G C l E R k S ----------------

287
141

5 .5 9

MANUFACTURING ---------------------

5 .8 2

5 •o a
5 .6 8

6 .1 3 5 .3 0 -

6 .6 5
6.2 7

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

166

5 .3 7

6 . 53

3 .6 8 -

7 .1 6

169

6 .2 0

6 . 21

5 .7 2 -

6 .8 8

28

33

5 .7 6

5 . 90

5 .6 1 -

0 .2 2

17

11

6 6

6 .7 5

6 .3 8

6 .3 3 -

o .8 8

1 .66 3

5 .9 5

6.0 7

5 .3 8 -

6 .9 3

3 A

65

396

5 .7 5

5 .6 3

6 .3 0 -

0 .6 3

1V

20

i

57

1.0 6 7

6 .0 2

6 . 07

3 .3 e -

7.1 6

15

25

102

219

iov

67

6 .9 9

6 .7 2

6 .7 2 -

5 .8 6

5 .8 5

5 .3 2 -

6 .6 0

OR D E R F I L L E R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T J R I N G ------------------

615

6 .9 5

6 .9 2

3 .7 3 -

6 .5 5

31

153

5 .5 1

5 .o b

5 .0 2 -

5.6 6

12

657

6 .7 6

6 . 26

3 .5 0 -

6.5 5

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S ---------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------

703

5 .7 1

5.9 1

3 .8 5 -

7 .6 5

593

6 .1 1

6 .2 7

6 .8 7 -

7 .6 5

2.66 3

276

7 .3 5

290

29

2

76
38

52

33

67

33

33

67

52

6 .5 9

6 .5 5

5 .6 0 -

6 .6 8

13

75

26

136

156

136

313

1.5 5 6

5 .6 3

6 .0 0

4 . 8 d-

o .7 l

8

76

26

132

156

136

313

890

7 .3 2

8 .6 8

8 .6 6 -

8.6 8

5

70

4 .4 4

3.6 3

2 .5 6 -

6 .5 5

5

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b le s .




36
36

6

28
2a
23

7 .1 2

8 • 3d

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------R E T A I L TR A D E ---------------

221

23 1062
60
13
982
10
811
-

93

137

W A R E H O U S E HE N ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------R E T A I L TRADE ---------------

65
32
13
10
-

98 0

1 .07 3

713

S H I P P I N G ANJ R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------

681
95
336
62
30

13
13
-

16

263

661
69
612
267
63

9

1
1

2

2

2

2

16

-

1
1
-

-

696
-

-

-

*

_

-

-

-

-

Table A-5.

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1977— Continued
Hourly earnings 4

O c c u p a t i o n a n d industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s recei v i n g s t r a i ght-time h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
*

s

2. 3 0 2 . 4 0 2.50 2. 6 0 2 . B O 3. 0 0 3. 20 3 . AO 3 . 6 0 3. 8 0 A . 00 A . 20
Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

an d

_

_

-

2. 40 2. 5 U 2.60 2 . 8 0

3. 00 3. 20

3 . AO 3.60

S

I

*

*

*

i

5

i

J

i

A . 6 0 5 . 0 0 5 . AO 5 . 8 0 6 . 2 0 6 . 6 0 7 . 0 0 7 . AO 7 . 8 0 8. 2 0 8. 6 0
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

3. 8 0 A . 00 A . 20 iA.60 5 . 0 0 5 . AO 5 . 3 u 6. 2 0 6 . 6 0 7. 0 0 7 . AO 7.d0 o , 2 0 8. 60

over

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N 0 N M A N U F A C T J R I N 3 -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------

1.359
1.660
199
51

$
6* 6 0
6. 5A
7. 07
8. 5 0

$
6. 99
6. 98
7. 16
8. A8

$
$
5. 7 0 - 7.51
5. 64 - 7.51
6. 0 7 - 8. A 8
8. A8- 8. 53

P O W E R - T R U C K O P E R A T O R S (O T H E R
TH A N F u R k l IFT i ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

383
328

6.77
6.80

7.19
7. A3

6. 5 7 6. 2 0 -

G U A R D S a n d w a t c h m e n -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U r A C T U R I N 3 --------------

1.319
518
1.301

3. 8 0
6. 51
2. 7 3

2. Ad
6. 83
2.38

2. 3A- 5.91
5. 97 - 7. AO
2.33- 2.50

--------------------

A83

6.62

6.91

6. 0 8 - 7. AO

U A N I T U R S f P O R T E K S t AND C L E A N E R S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------NORMA NuF AC TURI N S -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------R E T A I L TR AD E ----------------

3.379
1.111
2.263
135
173

3. 8 2
5. 7 5
2. 8 8
5. 35
2. 85

2.98
6. 05
2. 5 A
5.21
2.80

2. 40 - 5. A 5
5. 20 - 6 . AT
2. 3 0 - 2.98
5. 1 9 - 5.75
2. 6 0 - 3.00

guards

7. A3
7.A3

13
13

126
126

191
190
1

1A9
95
5A

2UA
18 A
20

66
46
20

1 A5
9A
51

727
727
-

A
A
-

51
51
51

-

2J
20

11
11

19
19

73
13

A3
48

133
133

33
33

-

-

-

157
155
2

-

-

-

806

112

205

23

806

112

205

23

-

-

-

51
51

-

-

i

3A
9
25

106
79
27

82
60
22

5A
5A
-

119
119
-

119
119
-

-

-

A5
6
39

-

-

9
9

-

-

63
52
11

-

-

-

30

-

-

6

9

79

53

50

119

119

-

-

-

131
73
58
17
3

89
67
22
6
1

128
66
60
53

158
125
33
33

303
27A
29
16

129
123
6
i

9o
88
8
6

171
171
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

:

manufacturing

7A6
7Ad

28d
286

117
2
115

217
8
209

A 16
1
A 15

216
11
205

30
11
19

12

6

15

A9

29

44

6

See footnotes at en d of tables.




10

25
15

12

10

a

61
36
25

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement
and custodial workers, by sex, in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1977
Av er ag e
( mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

167

$
7 .9 1

159

7 .9 7

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

1 .1 9 2

6.

1 .1 2 5

8 .1 3

67
136

7 .7 2

2 .7 9 0

$
7 .2 0

529

6 .5 2

2 .2 6 1

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C S (M A C H I N E R Y ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(M OT OR V E H I C L E S ) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F a C T U R I u G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------MAINTENANCE

p i p e f i t t e r s ------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

maintenance

M I L L W R I G H T S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BLIC

U T IL IT IE S

-------------------------------------

12

129

7 .6 0

1 .1 9 0

7 .9 9

170

6.

T R U C K D R I V E R S . L I G H T TR U C K ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

927

6 .0 7

151

959

7 .5 6

1 .3 6 5

T R U C K D R I V E R S . M E D I U M T R U C K -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U 3 L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

352

6 .6 9

89

5 . 96

268

6 .3 5

200

8 .5 5

565

7 .5 1

233

7 .9 2

352

7 .7 2

T R U C K D R I V E R S . HE A V Y TRUCK
(TRA IL ER ) --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T o R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

1 .0 7 3

8 .0 4

93

636

8 .1 9

630

8.

225
206

2D

8 .1 3

1 .1 5 1

. heavy truck
(O TH ER T H A N TR AI L E R ) -----------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

631

8 .5 0

879

6 .9 6

166

6 .6 0

713

3 .2 9

250

6 .9 2

63

6. 6o
6. 66

61

MA CHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

555

8 .7 6

555

137

8 .3 8

S H I P P I N G c l e r k s ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

109

5 .3 9

77

5 .5 9

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

27 6

5 .6 9

136

5 .8 0

190

5 .9 6

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

145

6. 2 0

79

699

8 .6 2

699

8 .6 2

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

355

7 .3 7

321

66

6 .7 5

7 .3 6

63

7 .3 1

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------See footnotes at end of tables,




83

7 .3 1

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------nonmanufacturing:
R E T A I L T R A D E - v ------------------

2 .9 2 1

6 .6 2

1 .5 9 1

5 .9 0

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

l.o 9 2

P O W E R - T R U C K O P E R A T O R S (O TH ER
TH AN F O R K L I F T ) ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

66

9 .5 0
6 .6 0

1 .6 9 3

6 .5 5

199

7 .0 7

51

8 .5 0

36o

6 .7 7

328

G U A R D S AND W A T C H M E N -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

6.

d 0

1 . o92

3 .6 7

511

6 .5 1

1 .1 8 1

2 .7 3

:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

guards

976

6 .6 1

1 .6 2 6

9 .3 7

876

5 . 80

5 .7 4

8 .7 8

T O O L AND 0 1 E M A K E R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

6 .5 6

7 .0 6

8 .2 9

1 .1 5 1

6. 0 2

960

truckorivers

3 .9 5
3 .6 1

563

7 . 12

980

7 .5 7

301

$

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

7 .7 2

8 .5 3

1 .3 9 U

Averag e
[ mean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

6 .2 9

01

7 .8 6

97 9

Number
of
woikers

7 .3 5

7 .9 9

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

T R U C K D R I V E R S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------R E T A I L TR A D E --------------------

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AN D C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - ME N — C O N T I N U E D

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

M A I N T E N A N C E * T O O L R O O M * AND
P O J E R P L A N T O C C U P A T I O N S - ME N
M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

Av er ag e
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, an d industry division

W A R E H O U S E M E N -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------R E T A I L TR A D E -------------------ORDER F I L L E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

1 .9 3 0

5 .7 8

1 .0 9 3

6 .0 9

material

movement

and

996

3 .0 5

99

5 .5 7

9s

2. 86

custodial

O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN
OR D E R F I L L E R S -------------------------

189

-----------------------------------------

167

3 .9 1
3 .7 9

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

140

4 .4 9

133

9 .5 6

G U A R D S AND W A T C H M E N -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

127

2 .9 3

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------R E T A I L TR A D E --------------------

1 .5 2 5

3 . 16

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

5 . 97

387

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------R E T A I L TR A D E --------------------

97

5 .9 1

931

5 .9 0

191

5 .5 5

290

5 .3 2

2 . 71

6 .9 9

286

120

233

5 .5 6

1 .2 9 2

2 .7 3

36

9 . 75

75

2 .8 3




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted
for employment shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Buffalo, N.Y., for selected periods
O c to be r 1972

O c to be r 1973

O c to be r 1974

to

to

to

to

to

O c to be r 1973

Industry and occupational group 5

O c to be r 1974

Oc to be r 1975

O c to be r 1976

O c to be r 1977

O c to be r 1975 O c to be r 1976

All industries:
Office clerical_____________________________________
Electronic data processing
Industrial nurses
_.... . .
..... . .
Skilled maintenance trades
__ _
Unskilled plant w o r k e r s
_ _

6.4
(6 )
6.7
8.1
7.4

8.2
8.8
10.0
9.5
9.1

8.1
7.7
10.6
9.9
8.9

7.0
6.9
8.2
10.0
8.9

7.6
5.9
8.3
8.3
7.4

Manufacturing:
Office clerical_____________________________________
Electronic data processing __ .
Industrial nurses
__
Skilled ma intenance trades
.
Unskilled plant w o r k e r s

6.6
(6 )
6.5
8.1
7.7

9.0
9.5
10.0
9.8
9.6

9.2
9.0
12.0
10.1
9.9

7.2
8.5
7.8
10.1
9.9

8.0
7.3
8.4
8.3
8.1

Nonmanufacturing:
Office clerical
Electronic data processing
Industrial nurses
Unskilled plant w o r k e r s _

6.2
(6 )
n
6.4

6.5
(6 )
(6 )
6.4

6.7
(6 )
n
7.6

7.1
(6 )
H
6.5

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.

12

7.2
(6 )
n
7.7

Table A-8.

Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1977
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time w e e k l y earnings of—
M

Occupation and industry division

K
of
workers

Average
weekly

$

$
oO

Mean2

(standard)

Middle range ^

Median 2

$

$

90

100

i
110

$
120

i
130

$
140

$

s

150

160

$
170

$
180

s

$

190

20U

s

*

*

213

220

240

S

$

260

S

%

280

300

320

340

340

over

and
under

and

100

110

120

1 30

140

150

160

170

180

190

20 0

210

220

240

260

280

300

-

90

320

-

10

11

-

-

10

11

36
5
31

50
13
32

89
50
39

61
37
24

87
58
29

65
45
20

52
33
19
1

60
47
13
*

104
94
10
1

123
104
19
6

63
75
S
6

29
28
1
”

21
9
12
10

17
17

-

26
1
25

“

27
24
3
*3
1

ALL W O R K E R S
$

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----PJ3LIC UTILITIES —

451
646
306
27

$

$

$

39 .0 2 1 4 . 5 0 20 7. 00 1 7 2 . 0 0 - 2 4 8 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 22 9 . 5 0 22 6 . 5 0 1 8 8 . 3 0 - 2 5 7 . 5 0
3 3 . 0 1 8 3 . 0 0 17 1. 00 1 5 0 . 0 0 - 2 0 6 . 0 0
37 .5 2 8 0 . 5 0 27 8 . 0 0 2 4 3 . 5 0 - 3 0 0 . 5 0

-

-

CLASS A —

57

25 0. 00

235.30-285.50

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

1

-

2

5

6

14

10

4

8

3

SECRETARIES. CLASS B —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -----

161
79
82

33 .5 2 3 5 . 5 0 22 3 . 0 0
40. 0 2 6 8 * 0 0 25 1. 00
37 .5 2 0 4 . 5 0 19 5. 50

191.00-263.00
232.30-287.50
167.30-223.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

10

11

4

-

2

10

11

4

11
1
10

11
5
6

16
6
10

7
1
6

20
13
7

27
22
5

14
7
7

10
9
i

1
i
-

1
16
i ** 13
3
-

SECRETARIES. CLASS C —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------n o n r a n u f a c T u r i n g -----

392
262
130

3 9 . 0 2 1 8 . 5 0 2 1 2. 00
4 0 . 0 2 3 6 . 5 0 2 3 0. 50
3 3 . 0 1 3 2 . 5 0 17 2. 00

174.30-267.00
193.00-276.00
150.00-197.00

3

6

14
*
14

19
5
14

29
15
14

26
13
13

40
23
17

33
23
10

12
8
4

35
32
3

29
26
3

34
26
8

56
55
1

ii
ii
-

12
2
10

13
13
-

10
10
-

S E C R E T A R I E S . CL A S S D M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------NO Nk A N U F A C T U R I N S -----

334
260
74

39 .5 19 3 . 0 0 18 7. 00 1 6 2 . 3 0 - 2 2 6 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 2 0 4 . 0 0 20 1 . 0 0 1 7 4 . 5 0 - 2 3 3 . 5 0
3 3 . 0 1 5 4 . 5 0 1 4 9. 50 1 3 6 . 0 0 - 1 6 5 . 0 0

_
-

-

-

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----

531
245
286

39 . 0 18 5 . 0 0 1 7 6. 00
39 .5 2 0 5 . Oo 19 6. 50
3 3 . 0 16 7 . 5 0 16 0. 00

148.00-222.00
1 6 2 . 0 0 - 2 4 0 . UO
133.00-192.50

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E NE RA L
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -----

301
143
153

3 3 . 5 1 7 8 . 0 0 16 5. 50
39 . 5 1 8 9 . 5 0 169.50
3 3 . 0 16 7 . 5 0 1 5 2. 50

144.00-222.00
158.00-222.00
130.00-193.00

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . SE NI OR
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----

230
97
133

3 9 . 0 1 9 3 . 5 0 19 2. 00
4 0. 0 2 2 6 . 5 0 23 0 . 5 0
33 . 5 1 6 8 . 0 0 16 8 . 5 0

158.00-226.50
197.00-261.50
138.50-192.50

T V P 1ST S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----

436
217
219

33 .5 1 5 9 . 5 J 15 3. 00
39.5 1 7 3 . 0 0 16 5. 50
37.5 1 4 6 . 5 0 13 7. 00

130.00-162.00
147.30-168.50
114.50-165.50

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----

173
89
34

38 .5
39.5
37 .5

17 2 . 5 0 16 2. 00
19 3 . 0 0 18 4. 00
15 1 . 5 0 12 6. 00

128.30-230.50
159.00-230.50
114.00-185.00

_

-

3

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----

263
123
135

33 . 5 15 1 . 0 0 15 1. 50
39 . 5 1 5 9 . 5 0 157.00
3 8 . 0 1 4 3 . 5 0 14 4 . 0 0

133.00-168.00
141.30-177.00
115.00-161.50

3

4

3

F I L E C L E R K S ---------------

62

33 . 0 1 4 2 . 5 0

13 5. 00

9 8 . J O - 1 7 9 . 50

1

M E S S E N G E R S ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----

96
54

33 . 0 15 6 . 5 0 15 2 . 5 0
3 7 . 0 1 5 1 . 0 0 12 4. 00

115.00-160.00
106.00-217.50

-

SWITCHBOARD

60

38 .5

17 0. 50

146.30-213.00

~

5

2

65
53

38 .5 2 0 0 . 0 0 20 5. 00
3 9 . 0 2 1 1 . 5 0 20 5 . 0 0

176.30-226.00
193.00-228.00

1

2

3

SECRETARIES.

OPERATORS —

OR DE R C L E R K s ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

*
**

W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows:
W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows:

S ee fo o tn o te s

39 .5 2 5 5 . 5 0

177.00

-

-

-

“

-

3

6

10
*
10

6
6

4
4

15
1
14

19

-

-

5
14

21
13
8

49
35
14

29
24
5

34
33
1

20
17
3

20
18
2

13
13
“

49
49
~

46
45
3

3
3
~

4
4
~

“

2
2

10
10

28
1
27

24
2
22

28
2
26

55
22
33

54
32
22

49
26
23

39
10
29

24
12
12

35
19
16

26
14
12

18
9
9

39
31
8

57
25
32

24
23
1

7
6
i

8
7
1

4
4

-

2
2

8
8

17
1
16

14
2
12

16
2
14

40
19
21

45
31
14

29
23
6

26
8
13

9
6
3

9
8
i

o
6

2
2

4
3
1

7
7

“

“

44
14
30

2
2

"

21
14
7

-

_

_

2

11

10

12

-

-

-

-

-

20
3
17

13
2
11

15
6
9

26
11
15

20
8
12

16
7
9

18
17
1

13
11
2

20
20

5
4
1

1
”

4
4

-

-

9
1
3

-

-

-

2

11

10

12

15
3
12

3

7

37

29

-

-

28
20
8

29
25
4

20
lb
2

4
3
1

41
12
29

5
5

”

2
2

29

47
25
22

7
7

37

49
27
22

5
5

7

51
40
11

-

-

3

40
18
22

-

-

32
10
22

3

16
16

13

13

9
6
3

12
9
3

6
6
-

8
7
1

ii
10
1

4
3
1

31
12
19

7
7

4
4

-

2
2

~

“

13

17
16
1

4
4

13

13
3
10

16
16

19
10
9

27
15
12

34
24
10

40
21
19

35
16
19

22
14
8

21
18
3

9
b
i

“

i
i
~

10
10

-

-

“

-

“

i
i
~

-

4

21
21

15

4

2

6

4

6

3

2

4

4

3

2

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

6
5

11
11

14
9

9
6

2
~

3

10
1

5
3

12
4

3
~

1
”

2
“

2
2

13
13

2
”

“

i
“

”

-

-

i

2

-

7

3

a

8

3

2

2

3

3

10

-

i

-

-

-

-

_

1
1

1
1

1
1

3
3

5
4

4
4

1
1

19
19

7
7

7
7

3
3

3
3

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 at $ 3 4 0 to $3 60; and 1 at $3 60 to $ j o u .
2 at $ 3 4 0 to $360; 4 at $ 3 6 0 to $380; 3 at $ 3 8 0 to $400; and 4 at $ 4 0 0 to $420.

a t en d o f t a b l e s .




~

13

Table A-8.

Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1977— Continued
^^^Weekl^Tarnings^^™
(standard)

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f ----

%

Average
weekly

of
kers

(standard)

s

80
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

90

S

100

S

110

%

S

120

130

%
140

%

s

150

160

%

*

s

170

180

19 0

s

S

20 0

210

*

s

220

240

s

260

s

280

S

300

S

340

320

and
under

and
100

110

120

130

140

13

20
20

24

13

24

45
7
38

36
10
26

38
8
30

1
1

5
5

6
6

11
11

11
11

12

90

15
15
*

18
18

34
7
27
-

9
9

16

150

160

170

18 0

190

200

210

25
9
16

50
25
25

54
36
18

29
20
9

32
16
14

26
14
14

11
9
2

16
15
1

20
14
6

9
1
8

10
1
9

31
16
15

39
27
12

20
16
4

17
13
4

14
12
2

11
9
2

14
13
1

25
10
15
*

29
7
22

15
8
7
-

19
9
10

15
9
6
*

9
4
5
-

15
5
10
~

14
2
12

-

-

-

26
1
25
-

21
3
18

27
7
20

26
21
5
1

18
16
2
1

10
8
2

-

40
24
16
3

17
15
2

-

24
16
8
-

5
-

4
-

4
-

9
7

4

13
12
1

14
12

5

13
8
5

13
9

4

6
3
3

2

21
1
20

17
3
14

23
7
16

18
13

27
16
11

13
12
1

5
4

3
3

220

240

260

280

over

300

320

340

16
13
3

25
21
4

47
27
20

38
28
10

59
*49
10

4
i
3

9
9
-

12
12
-

31
27
4

38
26
10

59
49
10

2
2
-

16
13
3
3

7
4
3
3

13
9
4
4

16
16
16

-

42
28
14

43
21
22
22

6
6
6

62
58
4
4

6
6
-

6
6
-

5
3
-

-

31
21
10

4
-

59

5

2

2

3
3

-

55
4

5

2

41
27
14

i
i

1
1

12

2

3
3

1
1

4
4

-

-

12

2

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

$

$

62 6
323
303

3 9 .0
39.5
33.5

210 .00
243.50
1 74 .50

1 31.50
227 .00
1 50 .50

$
$
1 43 .50 -2 91 .50
1 7 6 .0 0 -3 1 7 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 9 6 .0 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L ER KS * C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N K A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

3 52
2 34
113

39.5
4 0 .0
3 3 .5

2 3 9 .00
2 6 3 .00
1 9 2 .00

210 .50
2 78 .50
1 64 .50

1 7 2 .0 0 -3 2 8 .0 0
1 86 .50 -3 38 .50
1 3 5 .5 0 -2 1 3 .5 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L ER KS * C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

274
89
18 5
25

38.5
39.5
3 3 .0
4 0.0

172.50
1 92 .00
163.00
294.00

1 54.00
1 7 5 . OB'
1 41 .00
307 .50

1 29 .00 -1 99 .00
1 4 8 .0 0 -2 4 9 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 9 3 .0 0
2 9 5 .3 0 -3 0 8 .5 0

K E Y P J N C H O P E R A T O R S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------P U a L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

402
233
169
37

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 3 .0
3 9 .0

194.00
215.50
1 6 4 .50
2 30 .00

1 85.50
2 13 .50
148 .00
2 37 .00

1 5 0 .0 0 -2 5 0 .5 0
1 7 6 . 5 0 - 2 7 2 . UO
1 2 5 .5 0 -2 1 1 .0 0
2 2 6 .0 0 -2 4 2 .5 0

KE YP UN CH OPERATORS. CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

234
164
70

39.5
4 0 .0
3 3.0

2 1 7 .5 0 2 1 7 .00
2 3 0 .5 0 2 22.00
1 8 6 . 5U 1 9 6 . 5 0

1 8 3 .0 0 -2 6 7 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0 -2 7 2 .0 0
1 4 3 .3 0 -2 3 0 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS.

163

3 3 .5
3 9 .5
3 3 .0

1 61.50
1 79 .50
1 49.00

1 3 3 . 5 0 - 1 7 5 . UO
1 5 7 .0 0 -1 7 9 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

CLASS B

MANUFACTURING -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

*

69
99

153 .00
168 .00
1 38 .00

~

-

12
*

*

-

~

-

_
-

1
1

7

-

8
8

-

-

W o r k e r s w e r e at $3 4 0 to $ 3 6 0 .

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




16

14

7

9
-

9

5

4

1

4

*

*
-

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1977
Weekly earnings
(standard)
IJuiuLi.
O c c u p a t i o n a n d in dus try division

workers

Average
weekly
hours1
standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time we ek ly earnings of—
$

$
150

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

Under
and
*
under
150
160

s

S
160

$
160

170

$

$
20 0

190

$
220

$
240

s

260

$
28 0

$
300

s
320

s
340

%
360

$
380

$
4 00

$
420

*

s

440

460

480
and

190

170

180

~

203

22 0

24 0

260

280

30 0

320

340

360

380

400

4 20

440

460

480

over

1
1

1
*
1

5
1
4

11
1
10

14
4
10

19
13
6

16
11
5

15
8
7

18
13
5

16
12
4

7
6
1

5
5

5
4
i

7
7
“

5
5
*

3

3
*

8

11

13

7

3

4

6

2

1

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER STSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

$
$
$
347.50 301.50-384.00
36 8. 50 3 3 3 . 0 0 - 4 1 5 . 0 0
30 0 . 5 0 2 7 5 . 5 0 - 3 4 8 . 0 0

146
91
55

39 .5
40.0
38 .5

$
350.00
37 3. 50
31 1. 50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) , C L A S S A -----

70

39 . 5

3 7 8 . 0 0 37 9 . 0 0

345.50-415.50

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

4

3

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) , C L A S S B -----

72

39 .5 3 2 4 . 5 0 31 6 . 5 0

286.50-350.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

1

4

7

11

16

11

7

7

3

-

2

-

-

3

-

-

3
3

3
3

11
3
8

15
8
7

18
4
14

19
4
15

20
14
6

26
12
14

19
7
12

12
3
9

15
10
5

15
12
3

4
3
1

7
6
i

2
2
“

1
1
“

3
3
“

6
6
“

4
4
~

_

-

_

1

1
“

1

6
1

3
2

6
5

6
5

6
3

10
6

7
6

3
2

7
6

_
~

1
1

3
3

6
6

4
4

10

15

19

7

-

i

8

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER PR OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS) —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

203
102
101

3 9 . 0 2 8 1 . 0 0 26 9 . 0 0 2 2 0 . 0 0 - 3 2 6 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 3 1 2 . 0 0 2 9 6. 50 2 5 3 . 0 0 - 3 5 0 . 0 0
3 3 . 0 2 4 9 . 5 0 24 3 . 0 0 2 0 7 . 5 0 - 2 8 8 . 5 0

-

1

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (B US IN ES S) )
C L A S S A ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

73
52

39 . 0
39 . 5

3 3 3. 00 3 3 1 . 0 0
36 2 . 0 0 3 4 6 . 5 0

285.00-391.00
301.50-427.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS),
CL A S S B -----------------------------

76

39.0

26 6 . 0 0 2 6 0. 00

235.00-282.50

-

-

54

33.0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS),
CL AS S C -----------------------------

-

-

2

3

6

22 4 . 5 0 20 8 . 5 0

190.00-255.50

-

-

3

2

9

11

11

3

2

1

6

4

2

-

-

222
131
91

3 9 . 0 24 9 . 0 0 23 2. 00
4 0 . 0 27 7 . 0 0 26 5 . 0 0
3 3 . 0 20 9 . 0 0 2 0 2 . 5 0

197.30-319.00
221.00-349.00
177.00-233.00

8
2
6

5
1
4

12
5
7

10
2
8

a
2
6

17
6
11

33
14
19

37
17
20

11
11
“

19
17
2

3
2
1

4
4
-

11
6
3

32
23
4

1
1
-

5
5
-

4
4
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

3 9 . 5 2 7 7 . OC 2 6 3 . 0 0 2 2 8 . 0 0 - 3 4 9 . 0 0
4 J . 0 293« S J 27 2 . 5 0 2 5 3 . 0 0 - 3 4 9 . 0 0
>

~

~

3
~

-

2

MANUFACTURING -------------

101
31

2
1

15
8

14
9

9
9

17
15

2
2

2
2

7
7

24
24

-

1
1

i
1

1
1

1
1

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------

113
69

39 . 0 2 3 0 . 5 0 20 9 . 5 0
3 3 . 0 2 0 8 . 5 0 19 3 . 5 0

187.30-236.00
175.00-228.00

5
5

5
4

5
4

10
8

6
4

15
10

18
12

23
15

2
~

2

-

2

4
3

8
4

1
-

4
-

3
-

-

356
321

40.0 311.00 313.50 269.00-344.50
4 0 . 0 31 2 . 0 0 3 1 3 . 5 0 2 6 4 . 3 0 - 3 5 3 . 0 0

_

-

~

2
2

3
3

5
5

10
9

18
17

31
30

39
30

37
36

40
34

77
65

18
14

33
33

20
20

11
11

12
12

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

132

4 0 . 0 3 4 3 . 5 0 34 8 . 0 0 3 0 3 . 5 0 - 3 6 3 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 3 4 4 . 0 0 34 4. 00 3 0 3 . 5 0 - 3 6 8 . 5 0

-

_
-

-

-

-

~

16
16

6
6

16
15

15
15

14
13

24
24

11
11

11
11

12
12

-

~

7
7

DRAFTERS, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

142
125

4 0 . 0 3 0 7 . 5 0 32 3 . 0 0 2 8 0 . 0 0 - 3 3 5 . 5 0
40.0 303.50 324.00 280.00 -3 35 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

7
6

8
7

8
7

11
10

18
17

13
13

56
44

3
3

6
8

9
9

~

"

-

-

“

DRAFTERS. CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

70
57

4 0 . 0 2 6 0 . 0 0 25 3 . 5 0 2 3 3 . 5 0 - 3 0 2 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 25 4 . 5 0 24 5 . 0 0 2 2 8 . 5 0 - 2 9 0 . 0 0

-

-

_
~

2
2

3
3

4
4

3
3

10
10

16
16

12
4

1
1

11
6

6
6

1
1

1
1

-

-

*

-

-

-

110
59

40.0 319.00 330.00 293.00 -3 51 .5 0
4 0 . 0 3 0 3 . 5 0 30 3. 00 2 8 4 . 0 0 - 3 3 4 . 5 0

*

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

307.30-351.50

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
COMPUTER OPERATORS.

CLASS A

D R A F T E R S --------MANUFACTURING

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S -m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------ELECTRONICS

TECHNICIANS,

C L A S S 8-

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s

60

4 0 . 0 3 2 1 . 0 0 35 1 . 5 0

93
61

4 0 . 0 2 8 1 . 5 0 28 2 . 0 0 2 4 1 . 5 0 - 3 1 9 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 3 4 . 5 0 2 8 2. 03 2 4 3 . 0 0 - 3 2 0 . 0 0

_

*

-

“

-

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

*

*

1
*

3
1

5
3

4
4

4
4

17
14

15
10

17
13

35
5

6
2

-

-

-

-

2

5

4

2

2

3

10

32

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

4
2

15
15

16
15

9
9

9
7

11
11

8

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

at end o f t a b le s .




~

_

15

16
16

a

1
1

Table A-10.

Average w eekly earnings of office, professional, and tech nical w orkers, by s e x -

large establishm ents in Buffalo, N .Y ., O ctober 1977
A verage
(m ea n 2 )

Sex, 3 occupation, a n d indu st ry division

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

W eek ly

W eek ly

hours
( standard)

Ave ra g e
(m ean2)

Sex, 3 occupation, a n d industry division

e ar ni ng s 1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

- HEN

OFFICE

uCCUPATIUNS

Weekly

Weekly

hours
[standard)

$

39.5

295.5J

-

C L E R K S . C L A S S A:
manufacturing
---------------

39.5

303.00

B -------------manufacturing
----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

FILE
OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

CLASS

S E C R E T A I R E S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONMANUFACTURING —
PU3LIC UTILITIES

38.5
39.5
37.5

-----------------------

56

37.5

133.00

-------------------------

60

37.5

39.0
4 0.0
33.0
37.5

2i6.au

SWITCHBOARO

229.50
183.50

ORDER

A

57

39.5

2 5 5 . 5u

SECRETARIES. CLASS 3
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G —

INI
79
82

33.5
40.0
37.5

2 3 5 . 5u
2 6 8 . OU
2 0 4 . 5J

SECRETARIES. CLASS C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONHANUFACTURING —

39 2

39.0

2 13 . 5 0
236.5U
16 2 •5 J
>

CLASS

262

□

130

33.0
39.5
40.0

19 o •00
204.00

28 6

39.0
39.5
33.0

184.50
204.50
167.50

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------N O N n A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

300
147
15 3

33.5
39.5
33.0

176.00
188.50
167.5 U

STEN OG RA PH ER S. SENIOR
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

230
97
133

39.0
40.0
33.5

OPERATORS

----------

57

38.5

179.50

----------------------

56

38.5

191.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -NONHANUFACTURING

313
260

530
249

T Y P I S T S -------------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

433
217
21 8

33.5
39.5
37.5

1 6 0 . OU
1 7 3 . OU
146.50

TYPISTS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —
NONHANUFACTURING

173
89
84

33.5
39.5
37.5

172.50
1 9 3 . Ou
151.50

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables.




Weekly

Week ly

hourc
(standard)

e ar ni ng s 1
( standard)

,
lECHNICAL
ME,'.--CONTINUED

COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A L Y S E
(BUSINESS) - CO NT IN UE D

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

46 9
22 3
241

39.0
40.0
33.5

AC CO UN TI NG CLERKS. CLASS A M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

231
15 3

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS 8 M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) * C L A S S A ----------------

61

39.5

$
382.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) * C L A S S 3 ----------------

56

39.5

333.50

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

121
73

39.0
40.0

305.00
3 3 5 . OU

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
C L A S S A --------------------------------

62

39.5

348.50

1 9 6 . Ou
221.50
172.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

140
86

39.5
4 0.0

259.50
2 9 0 . OJ

39.5
4 0.0

223.0J
241.50

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S * C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

63
52

39.5
40.0

234.50
299.00

233
75
163

33.5
39.5
33.0

165.00
180.50
153.00

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

391
233
153

39.0
40.0
33.0

193.00
215.50
160.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

22 3
164
59

39.5
40.0
33.0

217.00
230.50
173.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

163
69
99

33.5
39.5
33.0

161.50
179.50
149.00

CLERKS

193.50
223.50
1 6 8 . OU

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

of

152.00

CLERKS

930
645
28 5
27

SECRETARIES.

$
151.50
159.50
143.50

260
123
13 2

- WOMEN
MESSENGERS

n d u s t r y division

workers

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS -

TYPISTS - CONTINUED
TYPISTS.

ACCOUNTING

Sex. 3 occupation, ?

e ar ni ng s1
( standard )

WOMEN — CONTINUED
ACCOUNTING CLERKS!
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -■

Average
(m ea n 2 )
N um b er

B ------

75

39.0

240.00

D R A F T E R S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

337
308

40.0
40.0

312.00
313.00

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

129
124

40.0
40.0

344.5U
344.50

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

131
117

40.0
40.0

3 0 9 . Ou
310.00

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

66
54

40.0
40.0

256.50
255.00

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

110
59

40.0
40.0

319.00
3 0 8 . 5u

B-

60

40.0

3 2 1 . OU

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

92
„»

40.0
40.0

281.00
284.00

COMPUTER

OPERATORS.

ELECTRONICS
P R O F E S S I O N A L AND
OCCUPATIONS

CLASS

TECHNICIANS.

CLASS

TECHNICAL
- MEN
P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OC CU P A T I O N S - WOMEN

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

12 0
33

39.5
40.0

359.50
379.00

Table A-11.

Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments

in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1977
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
s
$
$
4. 60 4.60 5. 00

Number
Oc cu p a t i o n a n d industry division

workers

Mean * Median*

Middle range *

Un d e r
4.60

4
5.80

4
4
4
$
$
6. 0 0 6 .20 6 .40 6 .60 6 . 8 0

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
i
7. 00 7 .20 7. 93 7. 60 7. 80 8. 00 8.40 8.6 0 9.20 9. 60

5* 4 0 5 . 6 0 5. 80 6.00

6 . 2 0 6 .40 6 .60 6 .80 7 . 0 0

9. 60 over

s
$
S
5. 2 0 5. 40 5.60

and
under

and

4.8 0 5. 00 5. 20

7. 2u 7 • 40 7 . 60 7. 80

00 8. 90 8.80 9.2J

ALi. W O R K E R S
M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

126
113

$
3. U1
3. 10

$
8. 10
8. 10

$
$
7 . 9 6 - 8.80
7. 63 - d . 80

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

955
913

8. 93
3. 44

d. 82
9.36

7. 9 0 7.90-

9.36
9.36

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

9
9

7
7

MAINTENANCE

----------------------------------

109
105

7.99
3. 05

7.72
7.72

7. 1 9 - 9. 1 0
7 . 1 9 - 9. 1 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i
-

-

-

3
1

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

327
307

7.61
7.58

7.59
7.54

6 . 9 1 - 8. 23
6 . 9 1 - 6. 23

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C S (M A C H I N E R Y )
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

1 e 225
1 1 181

3. 36
3.39

9. 36
9.36

8 . 1 7 - 9.99
8 . 7 1 - 9.44

-

_

213
155

8. 29
3. 2 2

3. 20
3. 60

7. 3 3 - 9.16
7 . 3 3 - 9. 16

painters

manufacturing

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(M OT OR V E H I C L E S ) ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------n o n h a n u f a c Tu r i n g :
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

9
9

3
3

*
*

4
4

4
4

7
7

15
19

10
10

13
17

9
4

92
91

“

1
~

9
9

8
8

27
27

18
17

33
31

99
9a

dl
81

52
52

63
63

44
40

13
13

29
-

959
454

8
8

4
4

2
2

2
2

5
5

6
6

7
7

7
7

11
11

8
8

-

4
3

4
4

93
45

2
2

-

-

4
4

7
7

-

7
7

32
32

37
37

21
12

17
17

76
75

8
8

7
7

65
69

15
15

21
11

7
7

3
3

4
4

4
4

4
4

12
12

-

16
16

1
1

21
Id

73
73

29
29

27
27

51
29

85
73

27
27

69
69

80o
808

-

1
1

5
5

7
7

4
9

12
12

31
30

3
3

15
4

13
5

25
2

5
5

75
55

21
21

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

”

~

_

_

_

_

_

-

*

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

ii

-

23

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

i
i

3
-

16
16

19
19

3
3

13
10

54
54

18
18

92
42

66
66

19
19

-

292
242

17
17

_

-

i
i

-

_

i
i

-

-

15
15

12
12

4
4

7
7

7
7

15
14

-

127
127

12
12

-

-

3
3

19

*

4
4

_

-

3
3

50
50

-

4
4

39
39

162
162

35
35

39
39

29
29

60
63

59
54

520
520

30
30

-

-

3
3

4
3
*

5
3
3

4
4
4

_
-

2
“

98
95
95

9

29

4

-

59

3a

1

_

_

-

-

5

3
3

18
18

2
2

12
12

3
6

57
57

-

11
11

1
1

i
i

21
21

388
388

12
12

27
27

-

1
1

19
19

1
1

“

11
11

4

-

8
8

-

“

55

3. 33

3. 20

509
503

3.36
3. 38

9. la
9.18

7. 03 7. 6 5 -

9.18
9.18

_
-

-

-

MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKERS M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

226
205

8.97
8. 6 3

9.13
9.1b

7 . 5 7 - 9.18
7. 99 - 9.18

.

_

-

-

-

-

M I L L W R I G H T S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

1> 02 5
1 v 025

8. 39
8. 39

8.99
8.99

7 . 3 3 - 9.16
7 . 3 3 - 9. 18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s h e l p e r s ------n o n m a n u f a c T u r i n g ----------------

212
59
52

7.12
6. 9 2
6. 6 3

7.07
6. 72
6. 7 2

6 . 7 2 - 7.77
6. 7 2 - t>.72
6. 7 2 - 6. 73

9
4

5
“

_

MA CH INE-TOOL OP ERATORS (TOOLROOM)
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

539
539

3. 3 6
3. 36

9.26
9. 26

9 . Id- 9.27
9. 1d - 9.27

TO OL AND DIE M A K E R S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

alb
316

3. 3 0
3.80

9. 39
9.39

7. 7 0 - 9.99
7 . 7 0 - 9. 44

STATIONARY

e n g i n e e r s --------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------

185
170

7.99
7. 9 8

7.99
7. 99

7. 2 9 - 9. 19
7 . 3 1 - 9.19

-

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

59
59

7.93
7. 9 3

7. 95
7.95

6 . 9 9 - 8.0U
6 . 9 9 - 8. 00

-

_

8 • 2 u — 8.32

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

PUBLIC

U T I L I T I E S -------------

1

*

7
7
-

5
7
7

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

4
4

17

-

2

1

7

-

Se e footnotes at end of tables.




6

-

9
4

9
i
i

*

-

7

2d

46
96

ii
ii

563
56 3

-

*

28
28

-

2a

79
79

-

7

5
5

29
29

18
16

8
8

10
9

19
19

13
8

29
29

23
23

-

-

9
9

4

6
6

4
9

4
4

-

-

10
10

-

9

Table A-12.

Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1977
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—
S
$
S
$
%
s
$
$
ao 3. 00 3.20 3.43 3. 6 0 3. 80 4. 0 0 4. 20 4. 6 0
2 .4 0
2 .5 0

Hourly earnings 4

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of

2 .3 0
Mean 2

M e di a n2

Middle range 2

and

_

2 .4 0

s
$
$
S
$
$
1
*
i
>.00 5.4 0 5. 80 6. 2 0 6. 6 0 7. 00 7.40 7. 8 0 8 . 2 0 8. 6 0

_

2 .5 0

and
00 3. 20 3.40

2 .6 0

3.60

3. 8 0 4. 0 0 4 . 2 0 4.60

5.00

>.40 5. 3 0 6. 20 6. 6 0 7. 00 7. 40 7.60 6 . 2 0 8. 60

over

ALL W O R K E R S
T R U C K D R I V E R S ---------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -PUBLIC UTILITIES

53d

f .1 4

$
7 .2 2

$
6 .6 5 -

263

7 . 09

7 .2 2

6 .6 3 -

$
8 .0 1
7 .3 6

270

7 .1 8

7 .3 2

6 .6 5 -

6 .2 1

93

6 .8 1

7 .0 7

6 . Od-

LIGRT TRUCK -

72

6 .9 9

7 .3 7

6 .6 7 -

TRUCKORIVERS.

MEDIUM TRUCK

79

6 .7 3

6 . 79

6 .0 5 -

2

2
-

_

~

-

2
*

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

7 .3 2

215

2
"

2

7 .3 7

2

2

7 .3 2

TRUCKORIVERS.

2

T RUC K0 RI V ERS> HE A V Y TR UC K
(TRA IL ER ) ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

4
4
*

6
b
-

a . 21

6 .6 5 -

7 . 09

6 .4 7 -

8 .2 1

6 .6 5 -

RECEIVING CLERKS —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONhANUF ACTURING

196

6 . 15

6 .0 3

5 .5 6 -

7 .1 6

3

9

96

6 .0 2

5 .7 9

5 . e l -

6 .4 3

100

6 .2 7

6 .6 0

4 .2 6 -

6 .2 0

3

9

W A R E H O U S E M E N ---MANUFACTURING

632

6 . 56

6 .7 2

5 .9 4 -

7 .1 6

-

-

237

6 .1 3

6 .2 4

5 .6 o — 6 .5 2

OR DE R F I L L E R S

255

5 .3 4

5 .6 6

5 .6 e -

6 .6 0

144

5 .6 0

5 .6 6

5 .3 1 -

5 .6 8

LABORERS

FORKLIFT OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING —
P O W E R - T R U C K O P E R A T O R S ( O TH ER
TH AN F O R K L I F T ) ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------G U A K O S AND . A T C H M E N
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTu RINj
:
MANUFACTURING

693

6 .6 2

6 .7 6

6 .1 3 -

6 .7 9

6 .8 8

6 .2 9 -

1 .3 1 4

6 .9 1

7 .5 1

6 .3 3 -

7 .5 1

6 .3 3 -

3

2

3

2

5
2
3

9
9

5

23
13
10

114
24
90

-

-

2

-

14

36

-

13

-

19

4

14

28

8

-

-

28
23
5

50
1
49

6
6
-

11
1
10

-

1
1

12
12

2
2

-

6
6

6
2

-

2
1

-

-

-

4

1

-

10
10

2
-

3
-

4

4

i

-

36
33
3

23
23
-

2
2
-

24
4
20

23
5
18

14
13
1

18
18

14
5

54
37

75
34

94
82

46
11

275
-

_

-

19
12

23
23

76
76

25
25

12
-

83
-

23
21

14
12

7
7

6
6

89
89

84
84

34
34

-

5
4
1

68
68

116
lie

95
95

86
86

7 .5 1

6 .9 0

5

7 .5 2

1 .2 6 9

3
3

-

”

7 .5 2

663

34
24
10
10

4

6 .2 1

MANUFACTURING ---------------

137
95
42
42

i

6 .4 3

7 .6 0

-

6 .2 1

7 .3 4

MATERIAL HANDLING

115
47
68
19

7
4
3

7 .5 3

59

manufacturing

32
27
5

2

157

---

67
23
39
27

7 .5 1

114
24
90

-

29

_
-

29

_

-

28
28

2
2

2
2

1
1

108
108

41
41

265
265

1
1

4
4

43
43

139
94

727
727

4
4

-

316

7 . 13

7 . 43

6 .6 0 -

7 .4 3

72

133

7 .2 6

7 . 43

7 .2 7 -

7 .4 3

12

133

6 .6 1

7 . 12

5 .9 7 -

7 .7 1

382

6 .9 4

7 .1 2
4 .6 5

7 .7 1
5 .7 0

_
-

4 .3 6

6 .4 2 4 .0 1 -

117
117

72

111
111
“

117

-

33

454

_
-

33

255

-

-

-

-

1

~

1

5
5

11
11

-

-

-

1
1

~

12
1
11

4
4

2D

6
2

2
2

6
1
5

12
1
11

3
3

9
6

3

22
0
16

70
55
15

32
31
1

52
52

-

-

*

~

-

-

guards

---

U A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

363

6 .9 6

7 . 12

6 .6 3 -

5 . 66

5 .6 6

5 .1 9 -

6 .6 0

764

6 .0 7

6 .0 9

5 .4 6 -

6 .6 0

26 0

4 .4 3

4 . 36

3 . 6 U—

5 .2 1

124

5 .2 7

5 .2 1

5 .1 9 -

1

7 .7 1

1 .0 2 4

5 .7 5

4
~
4

3
5

12
12

See footnotes at end of tables.




18

12
12

7
1
6

14
6

a

21
21

-

-

3
*

94
49
45
17

28
21
7

8

6

6

0

55

24

48

111

102
49

152
119

173
147

106
105

87
86

171
171

53
53

33
33

26

1
1

1
1

13

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-




Table A-13. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by s e x large establishments in Buffalo, N.Y., October 1977
S ex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

Averag e
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

MAI N T E N A N C E * T O OL RO OM . AMO
P O W E R P L A NT O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

mber
of
rkers

Average
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings 4

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T ANO C U S T O O I A L
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

12s

$
3 .0 1

113

8.

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

959

8 .9 3

912

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

109
105

a. os

TRUCKCKlVERS - CONTINUED

10

T R U C K --------

63

$
7 .0 2

T R U C K ------

79

6 .7 3

TRJCKDRIVERS.

LIGHT

3 .9 9

T RJCKDRIVERS.

MEDIUM

7 .9 9

T K J C K O R I V E R o . H E A V Y TRUCK
(T RAILER) --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T o R l N G ------------------

m a i n t e n a n c e m a c h i n i s t s --------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

327

7 .6 1

307
1 .2 1 9

3 .8 6

1.

8.

7 .5 3

59

7 .3 9

157

7 .6 0
6 .1 9

7 .5 a

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C S ( M AC HI NE RY ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

215

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(M OTOR V E H I C L E S ) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------nonhanufacturins:
P U 3 L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------M A I N T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------M I L L W R I G H T S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U 3 L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T J R I N G ------------------

195

89

100

6 .2 7

631

6 .5 6

21B

3 .2 9

W A R E H O U S E M E N --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

236

6.

155

3 .2 2

OR DE R F I L L E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

222

6 .0 4

127

5. 6o

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

639

6 .6 5

661

6 .3 0

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

.3 0 5

6 .9 1

.2 6 0

6 .9 1

179

55

8 .3 3

509

8.

503

3 .3 6

22b

8 .9 7

36

206

B. 63

1 .0 2 5

B .3 9

1 .0 2 5

8 .3 9

211

95

6. 01

13

7 .1 2

59

6 .9 2

52

6 .6 3

MA CHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

539

S .o o

TO O L ANO DIE M A K E n S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

B ib
81b

3 .8 0

185

7 .9 9

170

7 .9 6

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

59

7 .1 3

256

7 .2 6

993

6 .6 2

375

6 .9 5

63

< *.34

7 .9 3

59

316

8 .8 0

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

G U A R D S AND W A T C H M E N -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N u F A C T u R I n G ------------------

8. 86

539

P O W E R - T R U C K O P E R A T O R S (O TH ER
TH A N F O R K L I F T ) ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

7 .9 3

:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

guards

J A N I T O R S . P u R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

6 .9 9

74Q

5 .8 8

585

6.

155
90

4 .8 5
5 .5 0

256

5 .2 9

lo

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T ANO C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WO ME N

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T ANO C U S T O O I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN
T R U C K 3 R I V E R S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

361

539

7 .1 9

26if

7 .0 9

26b

7 . 19

99

6 .8 2

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . ANO C L E A N E R S —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------nonmanufacturing:
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

19

179

5 .7 7

39

9 .6 8

Footnotes

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s
( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e
w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h jo b b y t o t a lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll
w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s
p o s it io n — h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s r e c e i v e th e s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e c e i v e
th e s a m e o r l e s s th an th e r a te s h o w n . T h e m i d d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y tw o
r a t e s o f p a y : a fo u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n th e s a m e o r l e s s th an th e lo w e r
o f t h e s e r a t e s and a fo u r t h e a r n th e s a m e o r m o r e th a n th e h ig h e r r a t e .

3 E a r n in g s d a ta r e la t e o n ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ific a t io n w a s
p r o v id e d b y th e e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
E s t im a t e s f o r p e r i o d s e n d in g p r i o r to 1976 r e la t e to m e n o n ly f o r
s k ille d m a in t e n a n c e and u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s . A ll o t h e r e s t im a t e s r e la t e
to m e n and w o m e n .
6 D ata do n ot m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a o r d a ta n o t a v a ila b le .

\



20

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
D a ta on a r e a w a g e s and r e la t e d b e n e f it s a r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s a t 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a ls .
In e a c h o f the
in t e r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s is
c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e , and t e l e ­
p h o n e in t e r v i e w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f th e 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e o b ta in e d f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c ­
tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o le s a le
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and
th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itt e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f fic ie n t e m p l o y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d . S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h
o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d s t r a t if i c a t io n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m th is s t r a t if i e d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h
e s t a b lis h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o o b ta in o p t im u m
a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f l a r g e than s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d .
W h en da ta a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t is
w e ig h te d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o that u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s
a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p le , i f on e ou t o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d ,
it is g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a lte r n a te
o f th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b ilit y is c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f i c a t i o n i f d a ta a r e n o t a v a ila b le f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If no
s u it a b le s u b s titu te is a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r th a t is s i m i l a r to the m i s s in g u n it.
O c c u p a t io n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g t y p e s : (1)
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4 ) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
O c c u p a t io n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
O c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B.

U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , the e a r n in g s da ta fo llo w in g the jo b
t i t le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a t io n s li s t e d a nd d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w ith in the
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u s e
e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e e n o u g h data
to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
S e p a r a t e m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s da ta a r e n o t
p r e s e n t e d w h en th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n o t id e n t ifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n id e n t ifie d in an o c c u p a t io n .
E a r n in g s data
n o t sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s t r y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in da ta f o r a ll
in d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r o c c u p a t io n s w ith m o r e than on e l e v e l ,
d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a s u b c la s s i f i c a t i o n is
n o t sh ow n o r in fo r m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y is n o t a v a ila b le .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t a nd e a r n in g s da ta a r e sh ow n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n in g s
da ta e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r to the s ta n d a rd
w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e
r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in the d is t r ib u t io n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s in d ic a t e a ch a n g e in the s iz e o f th e c l a s s in t e r v a ls .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
a t a p a r t ic u la r t i m e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t im e m a y n o t r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e , o r
h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s . S u ch s h ift s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
d u r in g th e y e a r . C h a n g e s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , sh ow n in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s c h a n g e s f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g r o u p s .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s . I n d u s t r ie s
s ta ffin g , and thus c o n t r ib u t e
a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

1
Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
a nd e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
Ohio; Birm ingham , A l a .; N orfolk—V irginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—H am pton, V a . —N. C. ; and
d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y
Syracuse, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts m ore lim ite d area studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the
request o f the Em ploym ent Standards Adm inistration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t ia l a m o n g jo b s




21

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n a nd w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld
n o t b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o ­
g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n ly th e r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) a nd p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s
a n d a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
pe r fo r m e d .

E l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g

S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e

C om p u ter sy ste m s
a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s
A , B , and C
C om p u ter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , an d C
C om p u ter o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, a nd C

C a rp e n te rs
E le c tr ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s ( m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s ( m o t o r v e h i c l e )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e to t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a nd n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h ese
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n in g s d a ta .

I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s

U n s k ille d p la n t

R e g i s t e r e d in d u s t r ia l
n u rses

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m e n a n d w o m e n in e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g the
tr e n d jo b s in b o th th e c u r r e n t a n d p r e v i o u s y e a r (m a t c h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ).
T h e d a ta a r e a d ju s t e d t o r e m o v e th e e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h ift s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s a nd t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T he p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s till a ffe c te d b y
f a c t o r s o t h e r th an w a g e i n c r e a s e s . H ir in g s , l a y o f f s , a nd t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t
an e s t a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t io n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s
p r o v id in g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s . In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n e w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r a t th e b o t t o m o f th e r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s in g th e a v e r a g e w ith o u t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e la t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a t e d
d a t e s . W h en th e t im e sp a n b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r th an 12 m o n t h s , a n n u a l
r a te s a r e sh ow n ,
(it is a s s u m e d th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t ra te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)
O c c u p a t io n s u s e d to c o m p u t e w a g e t r e n d s a r e :

O ffic e c le r ic a l

O r d e r c le r k s
A c c o u n t in g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K eypu n ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B

in th e p r o g r a m

a r e c o m p u te d

1.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o c c u p a t io n f o r
th e 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in t h o s e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h a r e in
th e s u r v e y b o th y e a r s ; it i s a s s u m e d th a t e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a in s u n c h a n g e d .

2.

E a c h o c c u p a t io n is a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on it s p r o ­
p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in th e
base yea r.

3.

T h e s e w e ig h t s a r e u s e d to c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s ( c o m p u t e d in s te p 1)
i s m u lt ip lie d b y it s w e ig h t . T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d to
o b ta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a t io o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r b y
th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u l t — e x p r e s s e d
a s a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d to c o m p u te t h e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J a n u a r y 1973, p p . 5 2 - 5 7 .

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — C o n tin u e d

S e c r e ta r ie s
S ten og ra p h ers, gen era l
S te n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A a nd B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B, a nd C
M essen gers
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s
as fo llo w s :

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s




T a b u la t io n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th is b u lle t in . I n f o r ­
m a t io n f o r t h e s e ta b u la tio n s i s c o l l e c t e d a t 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
T h e s e ta b u ­
la t io n s o n m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r ie n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s an d d a y s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ;
a nd h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s )
in p r e v i o u s b u lle t in s f o r t h is a r e a .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Buffalo, N .Y .,1 October 1977

Industry division 2

ALL

Minimum
employment
in establishm e n t s in scope
of study

W o r k e r s in establishments

N u m b e r of establishments

Within scope of study 4
Within scope
of study 3

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

ESTABLISHMENTS
---------------------------------------

-

B31

215

2 2 3. 77 2

100

149.105

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T J R I N S ---------------------------------------TR A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T I O N . AND
O T H E R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E 6 ---------------------------------R E TAIL TRADE
------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E . A N O R E A L E S T A T E 6 -------S E R V I C E S 6 7------------------------------------------

50
-

330
501

94
121

1 2 9. 13 4
94 , 6 3 d

58
42

94.403
54.702

bl

19 .3 50
B. B8 4
37 .6 99
12 .1 38
16 .3 67

9

42
107

24
17
32
1A
34

16 . 1 7 0
2.602
18 .4 86
9. 3 3 9
8. 10 5

ALL

DIVISIONS

LARof

50
50
50
50
50

103
IBB

4

17
5
7

ESTABLISHMENTS

-----------------------------------

-

77

65

132.339

100

122.820

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T I O N . ANO
O T H E R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E 6 ---------------------------------RETAIL TRADE
-----------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E . A N D R E A L E S T A T E 6 --------S E R V I C E S 6 7-----------------------------------------------

50 0

<4
1

86.957
45 . 3 8 2

66
34

83.128
39.692

12 ,4 16
1. 24 3
20 .1 47
7.685
3.o91

9
15
6
3

1 2 .4 16
1,243
15 . 0 6 3
7.885
3.033

ALL

DIVISIONS

-

33

39
26

50 0
50 0

5
2
15
6
5

5
2
9
6
4

SOU

500
50 0

1 T h e Buffalo Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined b y the Office
of M a n a g e m e n t and Budget through F e b r u a r y 1974, consists of Erie and Niagara
Counties.
T h e "w or k e r s within scope of study" estimates s h o w n in this table
provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor
force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, ho wever, for co m p a r i s o n
with other e m p l o y m e n t indexes to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t trends or levels since (1)
planning of w a g e surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in
advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded
f r o m the scope of the survey.
2 T h e 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification M a n u a l w a s used in
classifying establishments b y industry division. H o w e v e r , all g o v e r n m e n t operations
are excluded f r o m the scope of the survey.
3 Includes all establishments with total e m p l o y m e n t at or above the m i n i m u m
limitation. All outlets (within the area) of c o mp an ie s in industries such as trade,
finance, auto repair service, and mo ti on picture theaters are considered as 1
e stabli s h m e n t .
4 Includes all w o r k e r s in all establishments with total e m p l o y m e n t (within the
area) at or above the m i n i m u m limitation.




1

5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A-series tables. Taxicabs and
services incidental to wa te r transportation are excluded. T h e municipally operated
portion of Buffalo's transit s y s t e m is excluded b y definition f r o m the scope of
the study.
6 This division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "n o n ­
manufacturing" in the A-series tables. Separate presentation of data is not m a d e
for one or m o r e of the following reasons: (1) E m p l o y m e n t is too small to provide
en ou gh data to merit separate study, (2) the s a m p l e w a s not designed initially to
pe rmit separate presentation, (3) response w a s insufficient or inadequate to permit
separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services;
automobile repair, rental, and parking; mo ti on pictures; nonprofit m e m b e r s h i p
organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations) and engineering and
;
architectural services.

23




Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o ­
p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll
t it le s and d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h is p e r m it s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b co n te n t. B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a ­
s is on in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a t io n a l
c o n te n t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m th o s e
in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e
in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s . H a n d ica p p e d
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e ir h a n d ic a p a r e a ls o
e x c lu d e d .
T r a in e e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s u r v e y e x c e p t f o r th o s e r e ­
c e iv in g o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g in s o m e o f the lo w e r le v e l p r o f e s s io n a l and
t e c h n ic a l o p c u p a t io n s .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to on e in d iv id u a l. M a in ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s ,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le
n a tu re and d if f ic u lt y . T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e ro u tin e
and u n d e r sta n d in g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x c lu s io n s
a . R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il,
a n s w e r s ro u tin e in q u ir ie s , and r o u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
p erson s;
b.
c.
in s t r u c t e d ;

E s t a b lis h e s ,

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

M a in ta in s the s u p e r v i s o r 's

c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts as

N ot a ll p o s it io n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r ­
a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s o f p o s it io n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n a r e
a s f o llo w s :
a.
d e s crib e d above;
b.

d.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic
accu racy;
f.

P e r fo r m s




s te n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

s io n a l,

P o s it io n s w h ich

do

not m eet

the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l- t y p e d u tie s ;

c . S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f i c e a s s is t a n t s to a g ro u p o f p r o f e s ­
t e c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

d . S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ich the d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s ta n tia lly
m o r e ro u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le that th o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;

con cept

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

C la s s C

E x c l u s io n s — C on tin u ed

e.
A s s is t a n t - t y p e p o s it io n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f ic u lt o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
r e s p o n s ib le t e c h n ic a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l
s ib ilit y is n ot e q u iv a le n t to on e o f the s p e c if ic l e v e l s itu a tio n s in the d e fin itio n
d u tie s w h ich a r e n ot t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit n o r m a lly n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e
o fte n , in tu rn , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s
w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r tw o; o r
fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h av e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e w id e
p o lic y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v it ie s .
T h e title " v ic e
2 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r
p r e s id e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a lly in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n ot in a ll c a s e s
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0
id e n tify su ch p o s it io n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to
p erson s.
a c t p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e .g ., a p p r o v e o r d en y
in d iv id u a l loa n o r c r e d it a c t io n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l tr u s t a c c o u n t s ; d ir e c t ly
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r h ead o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g the fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in it io n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r than a bou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c ia lis t , p r o f e s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STENOGRAPHER

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
le v e l, o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a co m p a n y ' that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s . *
1

C la s s B

P r im a r y du ty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n u s in g s h o rth a n d , and to t r a n s c r ib e
th e d ic ta tio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s te n o ­
g r a p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r ib e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y
du ty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e T y p is t ).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d is t in g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2 . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r le v e l , o v e r
e it h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t io n w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t
o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d red p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S te n o g r a p h e r , G e n e r a l
keep

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
S te n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch
a s in le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s ib ilit y th an s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by the
fo llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u ir e s a h igh d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f lo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s su ch a s m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; r e a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il ; and a n s w e r in g
ro u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E T Y P I S T

M ESSEN GER

P r i m a r y du ty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e
v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h i n e r e c o r d s . M a y a ls o type f r o m w ritte n
c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g
a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d ic ta tio n in
sh o rth a n d o r b y S ten otyp e o r s im il a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s su ch a s running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s s u ch a s s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , op e n in g and d is tr ib u tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n
o f a m o t o r v e h ic le a s a s ig n ific a n t du ty.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e
ou t b ills a ft e r c a lc u la t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in clu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s im il a r m a t e r ia ls f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l t r a in in g , s u c h as
k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is tr ib u tin g
in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l f o r m w hen it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , p u n ctu a tion , e t c ., o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l; o r pla n n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and b a la n c e in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to s u it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C o p y ty pin g f r o m
ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a ft s ; o r rou tin e ty pin g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
o r s e ttin g u p s im p le s ta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A .
C l a s s if ie s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l su ch a s c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m
co n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t te r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C la s s B. S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifi e d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le
( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l.
M ay
p e r fo r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that h a s a lr e a d y b een
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s if i c a t io n
s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
A s req u ested ,
lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia ls ; and m a y
f i l l ou t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta sk s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .




S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d w ith a p r iv a te
b r a n c h e x ch a n g e (P B X ) s y s t e m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a s y s t e m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s id e s o p e r a tin g a te le p h o n e
s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(typ in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a jo r p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's
tim e , and is u s u a lly p e r fo r m e d w h ile at the s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w ho a ls o a c ts a s a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w itc h b o a r d
O p e r a t o r - R e c e p t io n is t .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w o r k in v o lv e s
b u s in e s s and
p r ia t e p e r s o n
a r r a n g in g an

s in g le -p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c ts b oth as
s e e S w itc h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and a s a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p t io n is t 's
su ch d u tie s a s g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's
p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a tio n ; r e f e r r in g v is it o r to a p p r o ­
in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r c o n ta c t in g that p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and
a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il,
p h on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g :
Q uotin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t an o r d e r s h e e t lis tin g the it e m s to
m a k e up the o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n titie s o f it e m s on o r d e r s h e e t;
and d is t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a rtm e n ts to be f i l l e d .
M ay
c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r tm e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l­
e d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that th e y
h a v e b e e n f ille d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k sh ip pin g in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig i n a l o r d e r s .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l ta s k s su ch a s p o s tin g to
r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n t s ; v e r ify in g the in te r n a l c o n ­
s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y o f a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n tin g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r ify in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s tin g ,
e t c .; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u to m a te d a cco u n tin g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e la t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d in g
o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a c c o u n tin g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s f a m ilia r w ith the b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is n o t r e q u ir e d to h av e a k n o w le d g e
o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g .
P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls on

the b a s is o f the

fo llo w in g

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K — C o n t in u e d

M A C H I N E B I L L E R — C o n t in u e d

C la s s A .
U n der g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n s w h ich r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e tit iv e a cco u n tin g t r a n s ­
a c t io n s , s e le c t in g a m on g a su b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n tin g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c tio n s th rou g h p r e v io u s a cco u n tin g
a c tio n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s is t e d b y on e o r
m o r e c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e b i l l e r . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a ty p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the
a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the s im u lta n e o u s e n try o f
fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a ch in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u su a lly p r in ts
a u t o m a t ic a lly the d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D o e s not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o rk s fr o m
u n ifo r m and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

C la s s B .
U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c tio n s
and s ta n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s on e o r m o r e rou tin e a cco u n tin g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t io n s , su ch as p o s tin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
id e n tific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a te d ; c h e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d iz e d and r e p e tit iv e r e c o r d s o r
a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d i n g
d o c u m e n ts u sin g a fe w p r e s c r ib e d
a cco u n tin g c o d e s .

PA Y R O LL CLERK

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a ty p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n ow led g e o f and
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tr u c t u r e
o f the p a r t ic u la r a cco u n tin g s y s te m u s e d .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d it it e m s to be u se d in e a ch p h a se o f the w o r k .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e t s , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s o f a
se t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g little k n ow led g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t io n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a cco u n ts (not
in clu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n der m a ch in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
tr ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e t c .
M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh e e ts f o r the a cco u n tin g
d e p a rtm e n t.

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s s a r y
da ta on the p a y r o ll s h e e t s .
D u ties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s
b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d data on p a y r o ll
s h e e t , sh ow in g in fo r m a t io n su ch a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g d a y s , tim e , r a te ,
d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w a g e s d u e.
M ay m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m a k in g up and d is tr ib u tin g pa y e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a
c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .
KEYPUNCH O PE R A TO R
O p e r a t e s a k eyp u n ch m a ch in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e tic a n d /o r
n u m e r ic data on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .
P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in te r p r e tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g it e m s to be k e y p u n ch e d f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts .
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e k e yp u n ch w o r k .
M ay
tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
W ork is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U nder c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s ta n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ich have b e e n c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich have b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e little o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a tio n .

M A C H IN E B IL L E R
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an
o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r .
M ay a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w a ge stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e b i l l e r s a re c l a s s if i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :

B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and add in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is c o u n t s and sh ip pin g c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be co m p u te d on
the b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a ccu m u la te d b y
m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a t io n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is often don e on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .




O p e r a t e s on e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s su ch a s the ta b u la to r , c a l c u ­
la t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , e t c .
E x clu d e d f r o m
th is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o e x c lu d e d a re o p e r a t o r s o f
e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u t e r s , ev e n thou gh th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a te e l e c t r i c
a cco u n tin g m a ch in e e q u ip m e n t.
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r tin g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts
in c lu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich
o fte n a r e i r r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g s o m e plan n in g o f the n atu re
and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t io n s , and the u s e o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ---- C o n t in u e d

t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in the o p e r a tin g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e p o s it io n s in w h ich w ir in g
r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim ite d to s e le c t io n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

the ta b u la to r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n to the s im p le r m a c h in e s u se d by
c la s s C o p e r a to r s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y tr a in new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u n d e r s p e c if ic in s t r u c t io n s .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le t e but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a c h in e s su ch as

C la s s C . U n der s p e c if ic in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a c h in e s su ch as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g
pu n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n t s ty p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w o r k u nit,
f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla t in g ru n s , o r r e p e tit iv e o p e r a t io n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e filin g w o r k .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R SY S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R SY S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— C on tin u ed

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m b y u se o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c if ic a t io n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u to m a te d and id e n tifie s co n d itio n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c if ie s n u m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts to be u s e d ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r fo r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p r e s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f
w o r k and data flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and
p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m e n t ch a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f fe c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as
s y s t e m s a n a ly sts i f th is is the s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m in e th e ir p a y .)

d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n ts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s
s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g s y s t e m s
to be a p p lie d .

C la s s C .
W o rk s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly ­
s e s a s a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n ts a re d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and exp an d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k .
F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly st b y p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d by
p r o g ra m m e rs fro m
in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly st.

D o e s n ot in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s ­
te m s a n a ly s ts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if ic o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a ge stu dy p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :
C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u lt ip le - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts o f output d a ta .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p r o d u c tio n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c tio n s a re in itia te d b y th e c o m p u t e r .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a t io n s .
M a k es r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s t e m s in s t a lla tio n s o r ch a n g e s and f o r ob ta in in g
e q u ip m e n t.
M ay p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
w h o a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

d ir e c t io n

to

lo w e r

le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
p r o b le m s that a re r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
op erate.
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,




OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m ,
a s d e s c r i b e d fo r c l a s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n ce on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n t s .
W ork is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s t r u c t io n s , and to in s u re p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a ll s y s t e m .

29

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t, in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c tio n s w h ich a re r e q u ir e d
to s o lv e the p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t.
W o rk in g f r o m
c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c i s e in s t r u c tio n s w h ich ,
w hen e n te r e d in to the c o m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u l t s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a t te r in v o lv e d to a n a ly ze c h a r ts and
d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n ce o f p r o g r a m
s te p s ; w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w ill be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a ch in e to f o llo w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p r o d u c tio n ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both
s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld be c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s te m s a n a ly sts
i f th is is the s k ill u se d to d e t e r m in e th e ir p a y .)

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

COM PUTER OPERATOR

D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s i n g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if ic a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .

M o n ito r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g to o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : S tu d ies in s t r u c tio n s to
d e t e r m in e eq u ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s ta r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to s u p e r v is o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
c o r r e c tin g p r o g ra m .

For

w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m m e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o rk in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ich id e n tify
th e n a tu re o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g s te p s to b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
p la n s th e fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f fic ie n t ly u tiliz e the
c o m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d en d p r o d u c t s .

A t th is le v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d if f ic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip m en t
m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d iv e r s e da ta e le m e n t s . A w id e v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r
o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s su ch a c tio n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ich ca n b e r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to data w hen p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and
r e s e q u e n c in g o f da ta e le m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

M ay p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho a r e
a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n to p r o d u c e data in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and lis t in g s a r e p r o d u c e d by
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le t io n s f r o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , the da ta h a v e b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so that th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n cin g o f data ca n b e t e s t e d b y u sin g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A ) u n d er c l o s e
d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d if f ic u lt ta s k s u n d er f a i r l y c l o s e d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a re
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to
ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
procedu res.




For

w a ge

stu dy

p u rp oses,

co m p u te r

op era tors

are

c la s s ifie d

as

f o llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru nn ing p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly te s t e d and in tr o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s a re o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n s o that id e n t ific a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y n ot be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n ce to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
G la s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u te r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c tio n r u n s , t y p ic a lly run on a
r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s i s ; t h e r e is lit tle o r no te s t in g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a re p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r ch a n g e o r ca n n ot b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o rt t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n .
T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u sin g
sta n d a rd c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r ru nn ing p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s
a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d if f ic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and
w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .

e x p e cte d
a b ilit y to
r e c e iv e d
op erator

C la s s C .
W o r k s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n . Is
to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in ru nn ing r o u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . M ay a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n ta t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h aving
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n f e a t u r e s th at d if f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d r a ftin g
p reced en ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o rt w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h ch a n ge on the
d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f co m p o n e n ts and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a tio n b y lo w e r
le v e l d r a f t e r s .

D R A F T E R — C o n t in u e d

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C IA N — C o n t in u e d

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n t s
th at r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e su ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u la r s h a p e s , m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n ­
d a t io n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s and
m a n u a ls in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tr e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d
w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

T h is c la s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f su ch sta n d a rd e le c t r o n ic
eq u ip m en t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e le v is io n
s e t s ; p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s w ho have a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o f e s s io n a l
e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , m a n u fa c tu r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
T ypes of
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s (d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g ested m e th o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s .
In s t r u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w hen a s s ig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o rk m a y b e s p o t -c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

P o s it io n s
d e fin it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on the

b a s is o f the fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d v a n ce d t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u su a lly
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , th o s e th a t t y p ic a lly ca n n ot be s o lv e d s o le ly b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s im ila r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e l e c ­
t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f su ch p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and d e n s ity o f
c i r c u i t r y , e le c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia t io n , is o la tin g m a lfu n c t io n s , and fre q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o rk in v o lv e s : A d e t a ile d u n d e rsta n d in g o f th e in t e r ­
r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m in g su ch
ta s k s a s m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c in g r e la t io n ­
sh ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u sin g c o m p le x t e s t in s tru m e n ts ( e . g . , d u a l
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .

W o rk m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v is o r (fr e q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce to lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s b y p la c in g tr a c in g
c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p en o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not
in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p la n s p r im a r ily c o n s is t in g o f s tra ig h t lin e s and a
la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e tit iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d i t e m s .
W o r k i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s [ i . e . , th o s e that t y p ic a lly ca n be s o lv e d s o le ly b y p r o p e r ly
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s im il a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ­
sh ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e te r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n ce and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s and te s t in g in s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x than th o s e u s e d b y the
c l a s s A te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c if ic c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce to lo w e r
le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s o n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s
b y p e r fo r m in g on e o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d ify in g , c o n s t r u c tin g , and t e s t in g .
W o rk r e q u ir e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y to d e t e r m in e m a lfu n c t io n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s is t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in d s o f c ir c u it s
o r m u lt ip le r e p e tit io n o f th e s a m e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
t o , th e f o llo w in g :
(a) E le c t r o n ic tr a n s m it tin g and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m e n t ( e .g .,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v is io n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b) d ig ita l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o llin g
e q u ip m e n t.




C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r fo r m s im p le o r
ro u tin e ta s k s in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s t r u c ­
tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s su ch
ta s k s a s : A s s is t in g h ig h e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g su ch a c t iv it ie s a s
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g t o o ls and c o m m o n te s t in s t r u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u lt im e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu be t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n ot r e q u ir e d t o b e f a m ilia r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to
in c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r ca n
a d v a n ce to h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r
le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o rk is t y p ic a lly s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w
w hen n e w o r a d v a n ce d a s s ig n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U RSE

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE-

A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r
s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tten d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts tr e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r

o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ea lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and pla n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h ealth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f plan t e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g the h e a lth , w e lf a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r h ead n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
on e n u r s e a re e x c lu d e d .

lo n tin u e d

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IST

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and eq u ip m en t su ch a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ;
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o l s , and sta n d a rd
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : I n te r p r e tin g w r itte n in s t r u c tio n s and s p e c i ­
f ic a t io n s ; pla n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's
h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g
s ta n d a rd m a c h in e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a rd sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l,
th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s su ch a s the in s t a l­
la tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f eq u ip m en t f o r the g e n e r a tio n , d is t r ib u t io n ,
o r u tiliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m e n t su ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h ea tin g u n its, co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n
e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t io n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r e q u ip ­
m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a rd c o m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to loa d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and
m e a s u r in g and te s t in g in s t r u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce
e l e c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s the f o llo w in g ; K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f pain t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g pain t w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru s h .
M ay m ix c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r pain t in g r e d ie n ts to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n ce p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
eq u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f h a n d to o ls in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a rts w ith it e m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e sh op o r sen d in g the m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh op f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r it te n s p e c if ic a t io n s f o r m a j o r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i ­
en ce.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if i c a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o to r V e h ic le s )
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip ­
m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t and p e r fo r m in g
r e p a ir s that in v o lv e th e u s e o f su ch h a n d to o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d eq u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n
o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and
in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g b o d y
b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h ic le m a in te n a n ce m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C ( M o t o r V e h i c l e s ) — C o n t in u e d

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R — C o n t in u e d

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s '
v e h ic le s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s .

the h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m tra d e to tr a d e : In s o m e
tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , liftin g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and
t o o l s , and cle a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e r s he is p e r m it te d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a tr a d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t i m e b a s is .

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R
I n s t a lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fitt in g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ; L a y in g
o u t w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r
w r it te n s p e c if ic a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d ie s ; b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a rd s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd te s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s
m e e t s p e c if ic a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tio n o r h e a tin g s y s te m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t -m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f ix t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f
s h e e t -m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t io n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l w o rk in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g , b en d in g , f o r m in g , sh a p in g,
fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t -m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a t in g on e o r m o r e than on e ty p e o f m a c h in e
t o o l ( e .g ., ji g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , e n gin e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in shaping o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n m e t a llic m a t e r ia l ( e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) .
W o rk t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a t e d setu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r t o o l s ( e .g ., in s t a ll cu ttin g t o o ls and a d ju s t g u id e s , s to p s , w o rk in g
t a b le s , and o th e r c o n t r o ls to h an d le the s iz e o f s to c k to b e m a c h in e d ;
d e t e r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n ce o r s e le c t
th o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in ts , o r la y o u ts ); u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g
m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r (t o o lr o o m ) at the s k ill le v e l c a lle d f o r in
th is c l a s s if i c a t io n r e q u ir e s e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh c o n s id e r a b le o n - t h e - jo b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , this c la s s if ic e t io n d o e s n o t
in clu d e m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh op s.

M IL L W R IG H T

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R

I n s t a lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w hen ch a n g e s in the p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t
w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c if ic a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o l s and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n cin g e q u ip ­
m e n t; s e le c t in g s ta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and in s ta llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n e q u ip m e n t su ch as d r iv e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m i llw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

C o n s t r u c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in shaping o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l ( e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W o r k ty p ic a lly in v o l v e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t w o r k a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r
o th e r w r it te n o r o r a l s p e c if ic a t io n s ; u n d e r sta n d in g the w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le t e ta s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s ;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g v a r io u s m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u sin g
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ;
w o r k in g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t -t r e a t in g m e t a l p a r t s and fin is h e d to o ls
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d t o l e r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s . In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r ’ s
w o r k r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t ic e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m in g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch a s k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s is t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m in g o t h e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n . T h e k in d o f w o rk




F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a ge stu dy p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ifi c a t io n d o e s n o t
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w ho (1) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh o p s o r (2) p r o d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R — C o n t in u e d

O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f
s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g . W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t su ch as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r ig e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ;'
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y ,
te m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a t io n s .

H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .
B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s ta t io n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a te r and
s a fe t y v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R

W AREH OUSEM AN

D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s '- h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n loa d tr u c k w ith
o r w ith o u t h e lp e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
w o r k in g o r d e r . S a le s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x clu d e d .

A s d ir e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d e r sta n d in g o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a t e r ia ls ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in st r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , n otin g and r e p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; rou tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r i b e d s to r a g e lo c a t io n s ; s t o r in g , s ta ck in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
t a k i n g in v e n t o r y o‘f s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s to r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r sh ip m e n t. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s f o l l o w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld be ra te d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

lig h t tr u c k (u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
m e d iu m tr u c k ( I V 2 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y tr u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y tr u c k (o th e r than t r a i l e r ) (o v e r 4 to n s )

O R D E R F IL L E R

SH IPP IN G AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
S h ipp in g w o r k
in v o lv e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s
sh ip p e d , m a k in g u p b ills o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and sh ip p in g c h a n g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the
m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t. R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o l v e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g
o t h e r s in v e r if y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n ts a g a in st b ills o f la d in g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n t s ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y , r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

F or

w age

stu d y

pu rposes,

S h ip p in g c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k




w ork ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e iv in g
w o r k ( s e e S h ipp in g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and S h ipp in g P a c k e r ), o r d e r f illin g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r tr u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ).

f o llo w s :

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c if ic a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m itt e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la t e d d u tie s .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p en d en t upon
the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to be p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o r k r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f it e m s in
sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r .
P ack ers
w ho a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

GUARD AND W ATCHM AN

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a ck in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and tr a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L on gsh ore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n loa d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

G u a rd .
P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o li c e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . In clu d e s
g u a rd s w h o a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tch m a n . M a k es ro u n d s o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in st f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l e n tr y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in p r o te c t in g

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s a b ou t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t.

tr u c k ,

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r a s f o llo w s :
F o r k lif t o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o th e r than fo r k lif t )




C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r i c a l
o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h ,
and o th e r r e f u s e ; du stin g eq u ip m e n t, fu r n itu r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f ix t u r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n ce s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e
in w in d ow w a sh in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys

A la s k a (s ta te w id e )
A lb a n y , G a.
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and
T a w a s C ity , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A u g u s ta , G a .— .C .
S
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B e a u m on t—P o r t A r t h u r O ran ge, T ex.

F o r t R ile y —J u n ction C ity , K ans.
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W a y n e, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k —H a g e r stow n —
C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d .— a.
P
G a d s d e n and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Isla n d — a s t in g s , N e b r.
H
G uam , T e r r ito r y of
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a.
L a C r o s s e , W is .
L a red o, T ex.
L a w ton , O kla.
L e x in g to n — a y e t te , Ky.
F
L im a , O hio
L o g a n s p o r t—P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—D el.
M a co n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is .
M ain e (s ta te w id e )
Me A lie n s P h a r r — d in b u rg and
E
B r o w n s v ill e— a rlin g en —
H
San B e n ito , T e x .

B i l o x i —G u l f p o r t a n d

M e r id ia n ,

P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r e m e r t o n , W ash .
B r id g e p o r t , N o rw a lk , and
S t a m fo r d , Conn.
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h am p a ig n — rbana— a n to u l, 111.
U
R
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
C h e y e n n e , W yo.
C la r k s v ille — o p k in s v ille , T e n n .—
H
Ky.
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r , 111.
D es M o in e s , Iow a
D oth an, A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M in n .— is .
S
W
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —L a s
C r u c e s , N. M ex.
E u gen e— p r in g fie ld and M e d fo r d —
S
K la m a th F a lls — ra n ts P a s s —
G
R o s e b u r g , O re g .
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F it c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .

M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and
O ce a n C o s . , N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M ontana (s ta te w id e )
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T en n.
N ew B e r n — a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
J
N ew H a m p s h ir e (s ta te w id e )
N ew L on d on — o r w ic h , C on n.—R .I.
N
N orth D akota (s ta te w id e )
N o r th e r n N ew Y ork
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn ard— im i V a lle y —V e n tu ra , C a lif.
S
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e r t o R ic o
R a le ig h — u rh a m , N .C .
D
R e n o , N ev.
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o —
O n t a r io , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s.
S a lin a s — e a s id e — o n te r e y , C a lif.
S
M
S a n d u sk y, O hio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a ria —
L o m p o c , C a lif.

T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r u s e in a d m in ­
is t e r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tr a c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u r v e y r e s u lt s a r e p u b ­
lis h e d in r e le a s e s w h ich a r e a v a ila ­
b le , at no c o s t , w h ile s u p p lie s la s t
f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s
sh ow n on the b a c k c o v e r .




M is s .

Savan nah , Ga.
S e lm a , A la .
S h e r m a n -D e n is o n , T e x .
S h re v e p o rt, La.
South D akota (s t a te w id e )
S o u th e rn Idaho
S o u th w e ste rn V ir g in ia
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld —C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e ,
M a s s .—C onn.
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K ans.
T u ls a , O kla.
U p p er P e n in s u la , M ich .
V a lle jo — a ir f ie ld — a pa , C a lif.
F
N
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V ir g in Is la n d s o f th e U.S.
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a t e r lo o — e d a r F a lls , Iow a
C
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W e s t V ir g in ia (s ta te w id e )
W ilm in g to n , D e l.— J .—Md.
N.
Y a k im a , R ich la n d — e n n e w ick , and
K
W a lla W a lla —P e n d le to n ,
W a sh .— r e g .
O

A LSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n ann ual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r
a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n t ­
a n ts , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c ­
t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is t s ,
e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s ,
d r a f t e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s
is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B LS B u lle ­
tin 19 3 1, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o ­
f e s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a rch 1 9 7 6 , $ 1 .3 5
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B LS r e ­
g io n a l s a le s o f f ic e s show n on the
b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in ­
ten d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n ­
m e n t P r in tin g O f fic e , W a sh in g to n ,
D .C . 2 0402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the la t e s t b u lle tin s a v a ila b le is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
B u lle tin s
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on the b a ck
c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g
O f fic e , W a s h in g to n , D .C . 20 4 02 .
M ake c h e c k s p a y a b le to S u p erin ten d en t o f
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r in g the y e a r s
1950 th ro u g h 1975, is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 6 1________________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c ta d y — r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1977 ________________
S
T
A n a h e im —
Santa A n a— a r d e n G r o v e ,
G
C a lif ., O ct. 1 9 7 6 ________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 7 __________________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g. 1 9 7 7 _____________________________________
B illin g s , M o n t., Ju ly 1977 1 ____________________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A l a ., M a r. 1 9 7 7 _________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g. 1977 ______________________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1977 ________________________________________
C a n ton , O h io , M a y 1977 1 _______________________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .- G a ., Sept. 1977 __________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1977 1________________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O h io — y .— n d ., J u ly 1977 1 ________________________
K
I
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t. 1977 1 __________________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O ct. 1 9 7 6 _____________________________________
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x ., July 1977 1 _____________________________
D a lla s — o r t W o rth , T e x ., O ct. 1 9 7 6 __________________________
F
D a v e n p o rt— o c k Is la n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111., F e b . 1 9 7 7 1 _____
D a yton , O h io , D e c . 1976 ________________________________________
D ayton a B e a c h , F la ., A u g. 1977 1______________________________
D e n v e r — o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1 9 7 6 ____________________________
B
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r. 1 9 7 7 ________________ _____________________
F r e s n o , C a lif ., June 1977 ______________________________________
G a in e s v il le , F l a ., S ep t. 1977 1__________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is ., J u ly 1 9 7 7 ____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n -S a le m — igh P o in t,
W
H
N .C ., A u g . 1977 1 _______________________________________________
G r e e n v ille — p a r ta n b u r g , S .C ., June 1977 ____________________
S
H a r tfo r d , C o n n ., M a r. 1 9 7 7 ____________________________________
H o u s to n , T e x ., A u g. 1977 1 _____________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b . 1977 1___________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1 9 7 7 ___________________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1 9 7 7 1 ____________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a ., D e c . 1 9 7 6 1_________________________________
K a n sa s C ity , M o .- K a n s ., S ep t. 1977__________________________
L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h , C a lif ., O ct. 197 6 _________________
L
L o u is v ille , K y .— d ., N ov. 1 9 7 6 ________________________________
In
M e m p h is , T e n n .— r k .— i s s . , N ov. 1976 1 ___________________
A
M




B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r i c e *
1 9 0 0 -7 6 , 85 ce n ts
1 9 5 0 -5 2 , 80 ce n ts
1 9 0 0 -6 7 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 7 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 0 ,
1 9 5 0 -8 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 0 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 4 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 1 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 6 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 3 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 0 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 6 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 6 ,

75 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .1 0
70 ce n ts
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .4 0
7 5 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 0
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 0
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
70 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 0
70 ce n ts

1 9 5 0 -4 2 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -9 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 6 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 ,
1 9 0 0 -8 0 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 7 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 9 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 5 ,

$ 1 .1 0
70 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .5 0
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 0
85 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
85 ce n ts

A rea
M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1 9 7 7 __________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1977 ___________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ,—W is ., Jan. 1977 ________________
N a ssa u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1977 ______________________________
S
N e w a rk , N .J ., Jan. 1977 ________________________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1977 1 _________________________________
N ew Y o r k , N . Y .- N .J ., M a y 1 9 7 7 _______________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r ts m o u th , V a .—
N .C ., M a y 1977 _________________________________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r ts m o u th and
N e w p o rt N ew s— am p ton , V a .— .C ., M a y 1 9 7 7 _____________
H
N
N o rth e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g. 1 9 7 7 1__________________________
O k la h om a C ity , O k la ., A u g. 1977 1 ____________________________
O m a h a , N e b r .—
Iow a , O cf. 1977 1 _______________________________
P a t e r s o n — lifto n —P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1977 _________________
C
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N ov. 1 9 7 6 1___________________________
N
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1977______________________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e , D e c . 1 9 7 6 1 __________________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .— a s h ., M a y 1977 1___________________________
W
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., June 1977 ________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g s to n — ew b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1 9 7 6 _______
K
N
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ick —P a w tu ck e t, R .I .—
W
M a s s ., June 1 9 7 7 1 _____________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , June 1977 1 ____________________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—
111., M a r. 1977 _________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif ., D e c . 1976 _________________________________
S a g in a w , M ic h ., N ov. 1 9 7 6 1____________________________________
S a lt L a k e C ity—O gden , Utah, N ov. 1 9 7 6 _______________________
San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1977 1__________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif ., N ov. 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a lif ., M a r. 1977 __________________
O
San J o s e , C a lif ., M a r. 1 9 7 7 ____________________________________
S e a ttle — v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan 1977 1____________________________
E
South B en d , In d ., A u g. 1977 1 __________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1 9 7 6 ______________________________________
T o le d o , O h io— i c h . , M a y 1977 _________________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N .J ., Sept. 1 9 7 7 _______________________________________
U t ic a -R o m e , N .Y ., J u l y W ? 1 _________________________________
W a s h in g to n , D .C .— d .— a . , M a r. 1977 _______________________
M
V
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1977 1 ____________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., A p r . 1977 _________________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1977 ___________________________________________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *
1 9 5 0 -5 7 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 4 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 7 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 1 ,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .6 0
$ 1 .2 0

1 9 5 0 -2 0 , 70 ce n ts
1 9 5 0 -2 1 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 4 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 2 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 2 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 5 ,
1 9 0 0 -5 5 ,

7 0 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .1 0
70 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .5 0
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
70 ce n ts
55 ce n ts

1 9 5 0 -2 2 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 0 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 1 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -6 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 4 ,
1 9 0 0 -7 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -2 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 9 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 2 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 1 ,
1 9 0 0 -4 4 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -4 7 ,
1 9 5 0 -3 7 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 1 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 6 ,
1 9 5 0 -1 5 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 ,

$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .2 0
55 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
55 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
55 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
70 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
70 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0

Prices are determ ined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212
Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail
Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region I
I

Region 1 1
1

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (AreaCode214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (AreaCode816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

VII

IX

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone:353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

VIII

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Region IV

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 881-4418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Regions IX and X

Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

X

Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102