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A re a Wage S u rvey

The Boise City, Idaho, Metropolitan Area

July 1966

1530-2




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
A rthur M. Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey
The Boise City, Idaho, Metropolitan Area
July 1966

Bulletin No. 1530-2
S ep tem ber 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents







Preface

Contents
Page

The B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c cu p a tio n a l w ag e s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sig n ed to p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s, and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s .
It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d data b y s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s fo r ea ch
o f the a r e a s stu d ied , fo r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and fo r the
U nited S ta tes.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is
the n eed fo r g r e a t e r in sig h t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t of w a g es
by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l o f w a g e s a m on g a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .

In trod u ction -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s -----------------------------------------T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

B.

E ig h t y -s ix a r e a s c u r r e n tly a re in clu d ed in the
p r o g r a m . In fo r m a tio n on o ccu p a tio n a l earn in g s is c o lle c t e d
annually in e a c h a r e a . In fo rm a tio n on esta b lish m en t p r a c ­
t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s is obtain ed b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .




E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f su r v e y and
n u m ber s t u d ie d --------------------------------------------------------------------------------In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and
p e r ce n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s ---------------------------------O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — en and w o m e n ________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — en _____________
m
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s —
m e n and w om en c o m b in e d _____________________
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s ______
A - 5. C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :*
B -l.
M inim u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s f o r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s —
B -2 .
Shift d if f e r e n t ia ls ____________________________________________
B -3 .
S ch edu led w e e k ly h o u r s _____________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s _________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t i o n s _______________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s--------------------------------B -7 . H ealth in su r a n ce b e n e fits p r o v id e d e m p lo y e e s and
th e ir d ep en d en ts-------------------------------------------------------------------B -8 .
P r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e w o r k ----------------------------------------

A p p en d ix es:
A . Change in o c cu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n : S e c r e t a r y --------------------------B. O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t io n s -----------------------------------------------------------------

areas.

*N O T E :
S im ila r ta bu la tion s are a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)

U nion s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls in
the B o is e C ity a r e a , a re a ls o a v a ila b le fo r se v e n s e le c t e d
bu ildin g tr a d e s .

H
i

3

4

6
7
00 00 0 s

At the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in div idu al a re a b u l­
le tin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lt s fo r e a c h a r e a studied.
A fte r
c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lletin s fo r a round
o f s u r v e y s , a t w o -p a r t s u m m a r y b u lletin is is s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a rt b r in g s data .for e a c h o f the m e tro p o lita n a r e a s
stu d ied in to on e b u lle tin .
The s e c o n d part p resen ts i n f o r ­
m a tio n w h ich has b e e n p r o je c t e d fr o m in div idu al m e t r o ­
p olita n a r e a data to r e la t e to g e o g ra p h ic r e g io n s and the
U nited S ta tes.

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e s u lts o f the su rv ey in
B o is e C ity , Idaho, in Ju ly 1966. The Standard M e tro p o lita n
S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the B ureau o f the B udget
th rou g h A p r il 1966, c o n s is t s o f Ada County.
This study
w as co n d u cte d b y the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in San
F r a n c is c o , C a lif. , M ax D . K o s s o r is , D ir e c to r ; by R ich a r d
W ilson , u n der the d ir e c t io n o f W illia m P. O 'C o n n o r.
The
study w as u n d er the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f John L. Dana,
A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r W ages and In du strial
R e la tio n s .

1
4

10
11
11
12
13
15
16
17

19
21




Area Wage Survey—
The Boise City, Idaho, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w e e k ly h ou rs a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s fo r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the stan d­
a r d w o rk w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r
o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s
fo r th ese o c cu p a tio n s h ave b e e n rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h ich the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s c o n d u cts su r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l ea rn in g s
an d r e la t e d b e n e fit s on an a r e a w id e b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e ­
se n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s : M an u ­
fa c tu r in g ; tr a n s p o r t a tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilitie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n um ber o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m itte d b e c a u s e they tend to fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied to w a r r a n t in clu s io n .
S ep arate ta bu la tion s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t pu b­
lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e f l e c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s t i­
m a te s .
In d u stries and e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b
sta ffin g and, th u s, c o n trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to the e s t im a te s fo r ea ch jo b .
The pay r e la tio n s h ip ob ta in a b le fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w ag e s p r e a d o r d iffe r e n t ia l m a in ta in ed a m o n g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay
le v e ls fo r m en and w o m e n in any o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay tre a tm e n t o f the s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O th er p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w h ich m ay
con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in pay fo r m e n and w o m e n in clu d e: D iffe r ­
e n ce s in p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s , s in c e on ly the
a c tu a l r a te s paid in cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific
du ties p e r fo r m e d , alth ough the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d
w ith in the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n .
J ob d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in
c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d
than th ose u se d in in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r m in or
d iffe r e n c e s a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the s p e c if i c du ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e se s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
ob ta in op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g re a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied.
In c o m b in in g the d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e given th eir a p p ro p r ia te w eig h t.
E s­
tim a te s b a s e d o n the e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in du stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.
O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
The o c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g and n on m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O cc u p a tio n a l c la s s if i c a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a c c o u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b .
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in a p pen dix B.
The ea rn in g s data fo llo w in g
the jo b title s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in gs data f o r so m e
o f the o c c u p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e
e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is too sm a ll to p r o v id e enough
data to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t data.

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in
a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber
a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l stru ctu re
a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a t io n a l em p loy m en t o b ­
tain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in dicate
the r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in
o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re do not m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the
ea rn in g s data.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) bn s e le c t e d
e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s as they r e ­
late to plant and o f f ic e w o r k e r s .
A d m in is t r a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o ­
fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s who a r e
u tiliz e d as a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d .
"P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged
a n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s.
"O ffic e w o r k e r s "

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e sh ow n fo r
f u ll-t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th o se h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch e d u le
in the g iv en o c c u p a t io n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data e x clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
late s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g




1

2
in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n c tio n s.
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e
e x clu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in clu d e d in n on m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (ta ble
B - l ) r e la te on ly to the e sta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d in
te r m s o f esta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y p olicies.
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta b le B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in
te r m s o f (1) e sta b lis h m e n t p o li c y , 1 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f total plant
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (2) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f
w o r k e r s a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
su rvey.
In e sta b lis h m e n ts h avin g v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am oun t
ap p ly in g to a m a jo r ity w as u se d o r , if no am oun t a p p lied to a m a jo r it y ,
the c la s s ifi c a t io n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e
la t e -s h ift h ou rs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
on ly if it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s .
The s ch e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs (ta ble B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t a r e tabulated as ap p ly in g to
a ll o f the plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e sta b lis h m e n t. : S ch ed u led
w e e k ly h ou rs a r e th ose w h ich fu ll-t im e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e cte d to
w o r k , w h eth er they w e r e paid fo r at s t r a ig h t -tim e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .
Paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s; and p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e w o r k (ta b les B -4 th rou gh B -8 )
a r e tre a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th ese a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll
pla n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le or
m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d .
Sum s o f in d iv id u al
ite m s in ta b les B -2 th rough B -8 m a y n ot equ al totals b e c a u s e o f
rou n d in g.
Data on paid h olid a y s (ta ble B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on h o li­
days granted an n ually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e. , (1) a r e p r o v id e d fo r
in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2) have b e e n e s ta b lis h e d by c u s to m .
H olid a y s
o r d in a r ily granted a r e in clu d ed ev en though they m ay fa ll on a n on ­
w o rk d a y , ev en if the w o r k e r is not g ra n ted a n oth er day o ff.
The f i r s t
p a rt o f the paid h olid a y s ta ble p r e s e n ts the n u m ber o f w h ole and h a lf
h olid a y s a ctu a lly granted.
The se c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf
h olid a y s to show total h o lid a y t im e .

the ta bu la tion s o f v a c a tio n p a y, p a y m e n ts not o n a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n ­
v e r t e d to a tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d a s the e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k ’ s p a y.
Data a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
plans (ta b les B -6 and B -7 ) fo r w h ich a t le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is
b o r n e by the e m p lo y e r , e x ce p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s su ch a s
w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
Such plans in clu d e th ose u n d e r w ritte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
co m p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d th rou g h a u n ion fund o r pa id d ir e c t ly by
the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g funds o r fr o m a fund s e t a s id e
fo r this p u rp o s e .
S e le c te d h ealth in s u r a n c e b e n e fits p r o v id e d e m ­
p lo y e e s and th eir depen den ts a r e a ls o p r e s e n te d .
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim ite d to that type o f
in su r a n ce under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a ym en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in su red on a w e e k ly o r m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d fo r a ll su ch plans to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s . H o w e v e r , in New Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w h ich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,2 plans a r e in clu d e d on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b en efits w hich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w .
T a b u la tio n s
o f paid, s ic k lea v e plans a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 3 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pay d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep arate ta b u la tion s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d i n g to
(1) plans w hich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
w h ich p r o v id e e ith er p a r tia l pay o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n
to the p r e se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce o r pa id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica ted
total is show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p es o f b e n e fit s .
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to as ex ten d ed
m e d ic a l in su r a n ce , in clu d es th o se pla n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b ey on d
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p a ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s .
Such p la n s m a y be u n d e r w ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ra n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r they m ay
be s e lf-in s u r e d .
T a b u la tion s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n plans a r e lim ite d
to th ose plans that p r o v id e m on th ly p a ym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

The s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n plans (ta b le B -5 ) is lim ite d to f o r ­
m a l p o li c ie s , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith
pay is granted at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
E s tim a te s e x clu d e
v a c a tio n -s a v in g s plans and th ose w h ich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i­
c a l " b e n e fits b eyon d b a s ic plan s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g lengths o f
s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f su ch e x c lu s io n s a r e plans in the s t e e l, a lu m in u m ,
and ca n in d u s tr ie s .
S ep arate e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , su ch as tim e p a y ­
m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts. H o w e v e r , in

Data on o v e r t im e p r e m iu m pay (ta b le B - 8 ) , the h o u r s a fte r
w h ich p re m iu m pay is r e c e iv e d and the c o r r e s p o n d in g ra te o f p a y , a r e
p r e s e n te d by d a ily and w e e k ly p r o v i s io n s .
D a ily o v e r t im e r e f e r s to
w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c ifie d n u m b e r o f h ou rs a day r e g a r d le s s o f
the n um ber o f h ou rs w o rk e d on o th e r d a ys o f the pay p e r io d .
W eek ly
o v e r t im e r e fe r s to w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c ifie d n u m ber o f h ou rs
p e r w e e k r e g a r d le s s o f the day on w h ich it is p e r fo r m e d , the n u m ber
o f h ou rs per da y, o r n u m ber o f d a y s w o r k e d .

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum jnumber of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o rk ers within scope of su rv e y and num ber studied in B o ise C ity, Idaho, 1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 July 1966
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts

N u m b er of esta b lish m en ts

In d u stry d iv isio n

M in im um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in scope
of study

W ithin scope of study
W ithin scope
of stu d y 3

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

P lant
N u m b er

P er c en t

T o t a l4

62

61

7, 730

100

4 , 600

1, 700

7, 650

50
-

19
43

18
43

2, 290
5, 440

30
70

1 ,4 0 0
3, 200

500
1, 200

2, 210
5, 440

50
50
50
50
50

12
5
17
3
6

12
5
17
3
6

2, 020
450
1, 910
580
480

26
6
25
7
6

1 ,0 0 0

400

2, 020
450
1, 910
580
480

A ll d iv is io n s -------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u factu rin g----------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g---------------------------------------------------------T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
other public u tilitie s 5 ---------------------------------------W h o le sa le t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------R e ta il tra d e __________________________________________
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e --------------S e r v ic e s 8 -------------------------------------------------------------------

O ffic e

(7)

(7 )
( 6)

(*)
( )

0

( 6)

1 The B o is e C ity Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as defined by the B ureau of the Budget through A p r il 1966,
c o n sists of A d a County. The "w o r k e r s w ithin scope
of stu d y " e stim a te s
shown in this table p rovid e a r e a so n a b ly a ccu rate d esc rip tio n of the siz e and c o m p o sitio n of the lab or fo r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y .
The e s tim a te s are not intended, h o w ev er, to s e r v e as a b a sis
of c o m p a r is o n with other em p lo y m en t in d exes for the area to m e a su r e em p loym en t trend s or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of wage su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c on sid erab ly
in advance of the p a y r o ll p erio d stud ied , and (2) sm a ll esta b lish m en ts are exclu d ed fr o m the scope of the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition of the Standard In d ustrial C la ssific a tio n Manual and the 1963 Supplem ent w ere u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 In clud es a ll e sta b lish m e n ts w ith total em ploym en t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (within the area) of c om p an ie s in such in d u str ie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto re p a ir se r v ic e ,
and m otion p ictu re th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o rk ers excluded fr o m the sep arate plant and o ffic e c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp ortation were exclu d ed .
6 T h is in d u str y d iv isio n is r e p r e s e n te d in e stim a te s for "a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and for " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S ep arate p resen tation
of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ad e fo r one or m o r e of the follow ing r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to provide enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sam p le w as not
d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep a ra te p resen ta tio n , (3) resp on se w as in su fficien t or inadequate to p erm it sep arate p resen tation , and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d is c lo s u r e of individual esta b lish m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m this en tire in d u stry d iv isio n are r e p rese n ted in e stim a te s for "a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s, but fr o m the r e a l estate p ortion
only in estim a tes
fo r
" a l l i n d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s .
Separate p resen tation of data for this d iv isio n is not m ad e for one or m o r e of the r e a so n s given in footnote 6 ab ove.
8 H o te ls; p e r so n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; autom obile rep air sh ops; m otion p ictu re s; nonprofit m e m b e r sh ip o rgan ization s (exclu din g re lig io u s and c h aritab le o r g a n iza tio n s); and engineering
and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




About on e -th ir d of the w o r k e r s w ithin scope of the su rv e y in B o ise C ity w ere
em ployed in m anufacturing f i r m s .
The follow in g table p r e se n ts the m a jo r in d u stry groups
and sp ec ific in d u stries as a p ercen t of a ll m an ufacturin g:
Industry groups
L u m b er and wood products
(excep t fu r n itu r e )---------------------- 25
T ran sp ortation eq u ip m en t______ 25
Food p rod u cts-------------------------------- 21
P rinting and publish ing--------------- 12
M achin ery (excep t e le c tr ic a l) __ 9
F a b ric a te d m e ta l p r o d u c ts -------- 5

S p e cific in d u strie s
M isc e lla n e o u s tra n sp ortation
eq u ip m en t------------------------------------- 25
S a w m ills and planing m i l l s _____ 25
D a iry p ro d u c ts------------------------------- 11
F a r m m a c h in e r y and
eq u ip m en t------------------------------------- 9
N e w sp a p e rs------------------------------------- 9
B a k ery p ro d u c ts---------------------------5
F a b r ic a te d stru c tu ra l m e ta l
p r o d u c ts __________________________
5

This in fo rm ation is b ased on e s tim a te s of total em p loym en t d eriv e d fr o m u n iv e rse
m a te r ia ls com p iled p rio r to actual su rv e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in v a r io u s groups m ay d iffer fr o m
p roportion s b ased on the r e su lts of the su rv e y as shown in table 1 above.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s . T he in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d (date o f the a r e a s u r v e y con d u cted
b e tw e e n July I960 and June 1961).
S u b tra ctin g 100 fr o m the in dex
y ie ld s the p e r c e n ta g e change in w a g e s fr o m the b a s e p e r io d to the
date o f th e in d e x .
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n ge o r in c r e a s e r e la te to
w a g e ch a n g es b etw een the in d ica te d d a te s .
T h e s e e s tim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f change in a v e r a g e s fo r the a r e a ; th ey a r e not in ten ded
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay ch a n g es in the e sta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
M eth od o f C om putin g

in the occu p a tio n a l g ro u p . T h e s e co n s ta n t w e ig h ts r e f le c t b a s e y e a r
em p loym en ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
T h e a v e r a g e (m ea n ) e a r n in g s f o r
each o ccu p a tio n w e r e m u ltip lie d b y the o c c u p a t io n w e ig h t, and the
p r o d u c ts fo r a ll occu p a tio n s in the g ro u p w e r e to ta le d . T h e a g g r e g a te s
fo r 2 c o n s e cu tiv e y e a r s w e r e r e la t e d

by

d iv id in g

the

a g g r e g a te f o r

the la te r y e a r by the a g g re g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T he re su lta n t
r e la t iv e , le s s 100 p e r c e n t, sh ow s the p e r c e n ta g e ch a n g e. The in d e x
is the p rod u ct o f m u ltiplyin g the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100) b y the r e la t iv e
fo r the next s u cce e d in g y e a r and con tin u in g to m u ltip ly (co m p o u n d )
ea ch y e a r ’ s r e la tiv e by the p r e v io u s y e a r ’ s in d e x .
A v e r a g e e a rn in g s
f o r the follow in g occu p a tio n s w e r e u s e d in com p u tin g the w a g e tr e n d s :

E ach o f the s e le c t e d k ey o c cu p a tio n s w ith in an o c cu p a tio n a l
g rou p w a s a s s ig n e d a w eigh t b a se d on its p r o p o r tio n a te em p lo y m e n t
Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are excluded because of a change in ..he description this year.

Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Boise City, Idaho,
July 1966 and July 1965, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(May 1961=100)

Percents of-increase
July 1964
to
July 1965

May 1963
to
July 1964

May 1962
to
May 1963

May 1961
to
May 1962

July 1966

July 1965

July .1965
to
July 1966

120.0

116.5

3 .0

5 .6

3 .6

3 .9

2. 6

2 .9

( J)
( J)
116.0

(>)
i 1)
114. 1

<;>
( 1>
1. 7

( 1)
i 1)
3 .6

(M
(M
3 .0

<j>
i 1)
2 .3

(M
(M
4. 6

i 1)
i 1)
.3

Occupational group

Office clerical (men and women)--------------------------------------------------------Industrial nurses (men and wom en)------------------------------------------------------Skilled maintenance (m e n )------------------------------------------------------------------Unskilled plant (m en )-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

Data do not meet publication criteria.




June 1960
to
May 1961

5

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the w age
tr e n d s r e la te to w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r the n o rm a l w o rk w e e k , e x c lu s iv e
o f ea rn in g s at o v e r t im e p r e m iu m r a te s .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s ,
th ey
m e a s u r e ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w ee k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data fo r
s e le c t e d k ey o c c u p a t io n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t
jo b s w ith in e a c h g r o u p .

C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout a ctu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It is c o n c e iv a b le
that ev en though a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a g a v e w ag e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m ay have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d the a r e a o r expan ded th e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a g e s
m a y h ave re m a in e d r e la t iv e ly co n s ta n t, yet the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h ave r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d the a r e a .

L im ita tio n s o f Data
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change, as m e a s u r e s o f
ch a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y :
( l ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w age ch an ges,
(2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by
in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e jo b , and (3) ch a n g es in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e resu ltin g fr o m la b o r tu rn ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by esta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay l e v e ls .




The u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w eig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each jo b
in clu d e d in the data. The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e fle c t on ly ch a n ges
in a v e r a g e pay fo r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .
T h ey a r e not in flu e n ce d by
ch a n g es in stan dard w o r k s c h e d u le s , as su ch , o r by p r e m iu m pay
f o r o v e r t im e .
Data w e r e a d ju ste d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e fr o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change any s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u se d
b y ch a n g es in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

6
A.
Table A-l.

Occupational Earnings

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boise City, Idaho, July 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of w orkers receiving stra ig h t-tim e w eekly earnings of—

$

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$
50

$
55

$
60

$
65

$
70

$
75

$
80

$

$

$

85

90

95

$
100

105

$

$

110

$
115

$
120

$
125

$
130

and
under

Middle range 2

55

60

65

70

75

80

35

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

M
EN
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0

$
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

$
$
1 0 2 .0 0 1 0 1 .0 0 -

1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

6 3 .0 0 -

8 2 .5 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------

6 7 .5 0 -

8 0 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------

6 5 .0 0 -

8 2 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------

8 7 .5 0 -

9 5 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS ---------------------------------------------W EN
OM

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

40. C
4 0 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

6 3 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

5 9 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

101.00
1 0 0 .5 0
101.00

101.00
101.00
1 0 2 .5 0

5 7 . 0 0 - 6 9 .0 0
7 2 . 5 0 - 7 9 .5 0

4

9 2 .0 0 9 4 .0 0 8 5 .5 0 -

1

40. C
4 0 .0

8 0 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

7 7 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

7 1 . 0 0 - 8 7 .5 0
6 9 .0 9 -1 0 2 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

8 9 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

3 5 . 0 0 - 9 5 .0 0
7 9 .0 0 1 1 1 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 3 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

7 0 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

6 6 . 0 0 - 8 2 .5 0
6 5 . 5 0 - 9 1 .0 0

7 4 .0 0 -

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------

34

1 1 5 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

1

1
1
1
1
1

8 9 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

28

SECRETARIES3 4 ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5------------------------

109
78
25

4 0 .0
9 9 .5 0 1 0 0 . 0 0
9 7 .0 0
4 0 .0
9 7 .5 0
4 0 . C 1 0 6 .5 0 1 1 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B4---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5------------------------

30
23
13

4 0 . 0 11 1 .0 0 1 1 6 .0 0
4 0 . 0 1 1 1 . 50 1 1 6 .5 0
4 0 . C 1 1 6 .0 0 1 1 8 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C4 ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5------------------------

51
29
7

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

100.00
9 6 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 C 5 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 9 2 .5 0 9 0 .0 0 -

SECRETARIES, CLASS D4---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

25
23

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

8 2 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

7 6 .0 0 7 6 .5 0 -

8 9 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

4
4

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

40
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

7 4 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

6 7 .5 0 6 7 .0 3 -

8 6 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

11

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

47
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0

8 5 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

7 8 . 0 0 - 9 7 .0 0
7 3 .0 0 1 0 1 .5 0




See footnotes at end of table.

8 6 .5 0

8 6 .5 0 3 3 .0 0 9 4 .0 0 -

12
7

1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

22

14

1

9 8 . 5 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

135
and

2
1

7
7
7

3

1

2

1
1

11

19
11

1

9
9

3

2
1

3

1
1

1
1

1

4
3

2

over

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boise City, Idaho, July 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e weekly earnings of—

i
55
Me: i 2

M edian 2

60

$
65

$

$

70

75

$
80

$
85

I
90

$
95

$

100

I

105

$
110

$

115

120

$
125

$

$

60

65

70

75

2

1

4

5
5

1
-

1
1

4
3

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

130

135

—

and
under

Middle range 2

55

WOMEN -

$

and

135

over

CONTINUED
$

12

$

SWITCH8CAR0 OPERATORS, CLASS A -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

S

4 0 .5
4 1 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

7 3 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

$
$
6 6 . 0 0 - 8 4 .5 0
7 0 . 5 0 - 8 9 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION I STS—
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

11
8

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 0 . 5C
7 0 .0 0

7 0 .0 0
6 4 .5 0

6 3 . 0 0 - 8 2 .5 0
6 2 . 0 0 - 8 4 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----NGNMANUFACTURING

11
9

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 8 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

6 7 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

6 0 . 0 0 - 7 5 .0 0
5 9 .0 0 - 7 2 .5 0

1

1

-

3
3

1

2

2

1

2

1

1

1

1

1
1
1

2

-

1

1

1

2

2

1 Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtim e at regular an d /or prem ium rates), and the
earnings corresp ond to these weekly hours.
2 The m ean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w orkers and dividing by the number of w ork ers.
The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed
receive m ore than the rate shown; half receive le ss than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w orkers earn le ss than the lower of these rates
and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.
3 M ay include w ork ers other than those presented separately.
4 D escrip tion for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A .
3 Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.

Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, B oise City, Idaho, July 1966)
Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e
weekly earnings of—

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Occupation

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

*

$

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

ri A rr
LL A j o

n
o

- ——.... —----------—
—

11

4 0 .0

$
1 1 8 .0 0

$
1 2 5 .0 0

$
$
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

n K A rl b n tN
Un ACTrtiChi »

/“L A o b
I » A rc

n —————————— —————
L

9

4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0

9 9 .0 0

9 5 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0




$

90

$

95

$

100

$

105

$

110

115

120

$

$

125

130

90

95

100

105

110

115

12 0

125

130

135

-

1

and
under
85

nn A r 1 ru c iu
U K A r r oncrvif

$

85

80
Mean2

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular
regular a n d /o r premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 F or definition of ter m s, see footnote 2, table A - l .

1

-

2
1

4

stra igh t-tim e salarie s

2

1
1

1
-

1
-

1
-

4
-

-

(exclu sive of pay for overtim e at

8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boise City, Idaho, July 1966)
Average

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

8

43
9

4 0 .0

3 9 .5

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

6 3 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

14
7

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

47
21

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------ -------------

48
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 6 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

12
8

4 0 .5
4 1 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

11
8

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

11
9

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 8 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 0 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

11

4 0 .0

1 1 8 .0 0

34
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 3 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

10
7

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 7 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES3 4 --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T ILITIE S2-----------------------------------

1C9
78
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 9 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B4 -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------PUBLIC U T ILITIE S2-----------------------------------

30
23
13

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C4 -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 -----------------------------------

51
29
7

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------------------------4
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

25
23

9 3 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

CONTINUED
$
7 6 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

$
8 3 .0 0

8 0 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 0 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

40
35

18

9 2 .5 0

35

21

woikers

7 1 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

of

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------- -- -----------

7

4 0 .0

Occupation and industry d ivision

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

9

$
8 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS
MANUFACTURING ----------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC U T ILITIE S2------

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------NONMANUFACTURING

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS C ----------------------------------

9

*

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------

-

Number
Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

o

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE! -----------------------------------------------------

Average

Average
Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

o

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

9 7 .5 0

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular an d /o r p rem iu m rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 May include w orkers other than those presented separately.
4 D escription for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A .




Table A-4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations.

(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, B oise City, Idaho, July 1966)
Number of workers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

$

M ean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

$

$

$

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

AUTOMOTIVE

i n FAl IN t cki A IN1* r J ————————————————————
l u a r ai 1 C IN a Ai r t %
lu r l\ u A l k i r A r m
. ——
INUu n a iiN Uc AU T1iU KT1H i r
fNO
——— —— . — ............

$

20
15

$

$

3 .2 4
3 .4 3

3 .3 5
3 .3 8

2 .9 3 - 3 .5 5
3 . 3 3 - 3 .6 5

$

$

$

$

$

$

3 .7 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 C

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

1

-

and
under
2 .5 0

MECHANICS,

$

$

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends,
For definition of te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .

2
—

holidays,

-

2
—

—
—

and J.ate shifts

1

-

-

9
—

9

—
—

-

4
4

1
1

9

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boise City, Idaho, July 1966)
Hourly earnings 2

O ccup ation 1 and industry division

Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

$
M ean 3

M edian 3

M iddle range3

$

$

1 .1 0

Number
of
workers

1 .2 0

1 .3 0 1 . AO 1 .5 0

and
under

9

$
1 .8 9

$
1 .7 8

$
$
1 . 6 5 - 2 .2 5

JANITORS* PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T ILITIE S 4----------------------------

65
22
A3
11

1 .8 0
1 .8 6
1 .7 7
2 .3 0

1 .7 9
1 .9 2
1 .5 9
2 .2 7

1 .5 A 1 .6 8 1 .5 2 2 .0 9 -

2 .0 8
2 .0 8
2 .0 9
2 .6 3

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

9
9

1 .5 3
1 .5 3

1 .5 6
1 .5 6

1 .5 1 1 .5 1 -

1 .6 5
1 .6 5

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

8A
73

2 .7 2
2 .8 2

2 .6 8
2 .6 9

2 . 6 2 - 3 .2 1
2 . 6 A - 3 .2 2

JANITORS,

$

$

$

$

$

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0

$

$

_

_

_

_

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

3
3

_

_

_

%

$

2 .3 0

2 . AO 2 . 5 0 2 .6 0

_

_

_

1 .3 0

1 .A 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

-

-

2

-

A

-

-

-

-

3

3
1
2

2
2

18
A
1A

3
3

3
1
2

6
5
1
1

A
3
1

8
A
A
2

6
A
2
1

3

1

3
3

1

A

_

1
1

_

1
1

5

"

_

$

-

1
1

~

2 . 10 2 .2 0

2 .3 0

_

FILLERS -------------------------------------------

33

2.A 5

2 .A 9

2 .2 5 -

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

11
10

2 .A 5
2 .5 3

2 .7 3
2 .7 5

1
1
-

~

1
1

5
5

_

-

-

-

1 . 7 9 - 2 .8 9
1 . 9 5 - 2 .9 3

_

2 . AO 2 .5 0

$

$

_

_

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

$

$

$

$

2 .9 0

2 .7 0 2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

_

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 . A0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

3
3

-

-

:

-

-

-

-

_

2

'

_

38
38

11
11

_

_

_

_

22
22

_

1
1

l
i

_

“

'
15

2 .7 5

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------------------------------

6

2 .A 7

2 .5 0

1
1

2
1

2 . 1 3 - 2 .8 3

TRUCK DR IVERS 5 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4----------------------------

77
6
71
57

2 .9 1
2 .1 6
2 .9 7
3 .1 0

3 .3 1
2 .0 5
3 .3 1
3 .3 3

2 . 5 9 - 3 .3 5
1 . 8 8 - 2 .6 5
2 . 6 2 - 3 .3 6
2 . 6 9 - 3 .3 7

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
ANO INCLUDING A TONS I --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4----------------------------

32
30
28

3 .1 1
3 .1 9
3 .2 7

3 .3 A
3 .3 A
3 .3 5

'

3 . 3 1 - 3 .3 7
3 . 3 1 - 3 .3 7
3 . 3 2 - 3 .3 8

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ---------------------------------------

15

3 .2 9

3 .3 5

2 .5 5

2 .6 A

2 . A 9 - 2 .6 8

1
1

'

3 . 3 2 - 3 .3 8

30

1
2
3
4
5

$

2
2

'

TRUCKERS,

$

PORTERS, AND CLEANERS

‘
ORDER

$

-

1 .2 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------------------------

$

POWER (FORKLIFT)

-----------------

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

~

“

~

~

“

1

-

3

2

3
1

-

2
1
1
1

2

-

-

-

AO

2
1

-

-

-

~

~

~

~

A0
A0

1
1
1

1
1
1

_

_

_

-

-

“

~

26
26
26

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1A

18

A

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1
”

1
~

1

1
1

l
1

_
-

-

3

-

3

-

3
2

8
1
7
7

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

“

_

'

1

1

1
1

1
1
‘

1

2

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except where otherwise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F or definition of te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes a ll d r iv e r s , as defined, regard less of size and type of truck operated.




3
3

1
1

13
13
5

_
~

10
B.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Table B-l.

Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(D istrib u tion of e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s b y m in im u m entrance sa la r y fo r s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p erien c ed w om e n offic e w o r k e r s , B o ise C ity , Idaho, July 1966)
In exp e rie n ced ty p ists
M an ufactu ring
M in im u m w ee k ly s tr a ig h t -t im e s a l a r y 1
2

A ll
in d u strie s

61

E sta b lish m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m __________________

8

________________________
under $ 5 0 .0 0 __
under $ 5 2 .5 0 ___
____________________________
under $ 5 5 .0 0 ___
____ ________________________
under $ 5 7 .5 0 __________
____ _
_ ----under $ 6 0 .0 0 _______________________________________
under $ 6 2 .5 0 _
__ __ _________________________
under $ 65.00__
_
__
___________________________
o v e r __________________ __ _ _
__
„ __ ----------------

_

.

2
2

-

$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

-----

E sta b lish m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ______

_______

-

1
-

1
2

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 of—
A ll
sc h e d u les

40

40

A ll
sc h e d u les

40

18

-

43

XXX

61

18

XXX

43

XXX

8

-------------------------------

_

A ll
sch e d u les

N onm anuf actu r ing

M an u factu rin g
A ll
in d u stries

B a se d on stand ard w ee k ly h ours 3 of—
A ll
sch ed u les

E sta b lish m e n ts stu d ied _____

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2

Nonm anufacturing

8

26

4

4

22

21

_

-

1

-

-

1

-

2
2

2
2

9

-

-

9

9

1

1

-

-

3
2
2

3

3

2
2
2

2
2
2

1

1

1

-

-

1
2

1
2

5
1
3

1

-

XXX

16

34

XXX

19

-

-

"

"

2
1
3

2
1
3

5

XXX

11

XXX

9

XXX

10

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em p lo y w o rk ers

52

1
2
3

18

T h e se s a la r ie s re la te to fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d m in im u m startin g (hiring) re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s that are paid for standard w o r k w e e k s.
E x c lu d es w o r k e r s in su b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r or offic e g ir l.
D ata a r e p r e se n te d fo r a ll stand ard w ork w eek s c om b in ed, and for the m o s t co m m o n standard w ork w eek rep orted .




11

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffer en tia ls of m an ufacturin g plant w o r k e r s by type and am ount of d iffe r e n tia l,
B o is e C ity , Idaho, J uly 1966)
P e r c e n t of m an ufacturin g plant w o r k e r s—
In e sta b lish m e n ts having f o r m a l
p ro v isio n s 1 fo r —

Shift d ifferen tial

Second shift
w ork

T h ird or other
sh ift w ork

A ctu a lly w orking on—

Second shift

T h ird or other
shift

T o t a l -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4 5 .7

23 . 2

7. 3

0 .4

W ith shift pay d iffe r e n tia l--------------------------------------

39 . 5

17. 0

6. 8

-

U n ifo r m cen ts (p er h o u r )----------------------------------

39 . 5

17. 0

6 .8

3 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------------------5 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------------------1373 c e n ts--------------------------------------------------------15 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------------17Vio c e n ts -------------------------------------------------------

1 1 .2
8. 8
3. 3
5. 8
10. 3

-

-

1 1 .2
5. 8

2. 2
.4
4. 2

W ith no shift pay d iffe r e n tia l--------------------------------

6 .2

6 .2

. 5

1
Includes esta b lish m en ts c u r r e n tly op erating late
ev en though they w ere not c u r r e n tly op erating late sh ifts.

Table B-3.

-

0 .4

sh ifts, and esta b lish m e n ts with f o r m a l p r o v isio n s co v erin g

late sh ifts

Scheduled Weekly Hours

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by sch edu led w eek ly h ours 1
of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B o ise C ity, Idaho, July 1966)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffic e w o rk ers

W e e k ly h ours
A ll in d u strie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------35 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------3772 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------39 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------4 0 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------4173 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 h o u r s ----- ----------------------------------------------------------------47 h ours
----------------------------------------------------------------------4773 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------4 8 h o u r s ----------------------- -----------------------------------------------55 h o u r s ------------------------ — -------------------------------------

100
4
1
1
77

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

10
3
71

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M an ufacturing

P ublic u tilities 3

.

100

-

3

-

( 5)
94
1
-

100

-

-

-

5
2
1
7
2

8
7

-

-

100

100

7

_
_

-

93
_
_
-

-

-

1

-

100
_
_
_
_
_

'
1
2
3
4
5

S cheduled h ou rs a r e the w ee k ly hours which a m a jo r ity o f the fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s w e r e ex p ected to w ork , w hether they w ere paid fo r at s t r a ig h t -t im e or o v e r tim e r a t e s .
In clud es data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s .
In clud es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.




12
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Boise City, Idaho, July 1966)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A ll in d u str ie s 1

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p roviding
paid h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p roviding
no paid h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------

M an ufacturing

Public u t ilit ie s 2

A ll in d u s tr ie s 3

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

91

100

100

98

100

100

2

9
"

'

3
45
10
24
18

_
4
46
50

N u m b er of days

5
6
6
7
8
9

h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------h olid ays plus 1 h alf d a y ----------------------------------------h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------h o lid a y s --------------- ----------- -------------------------------------------

2
32
3
37
16

_

_

10
3
77
11

1
56
43

.
11
88
90
100
100

43
99
99
100
100

(4 )
7
1
48
42
(4 )

(4 )

T o ta l h olid ay tim e

9 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------8 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------7 days or m o r e — -----------------------------------------------------6V2 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------------------6 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------5 days or m o r e _ -------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

(4 )
17
54
57
89
91

_
18
42
52
97
100

_
50
96
96
100
100

(4 )
42
90
91
98
98

Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivisions shown se p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilit ie s .
Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv ision s show n se p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.




_

13
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Boise City, Idaho, July 1966)
O ffice w o rk ers

Plant w o rk ers
V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________

____

___________

-

M an ufacturing

P ublic u tilit ie s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturing

P ublic u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
98
2
-

100
100
-

100
91
9
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
95
5
-

69
9

53
1

83

76
6

58
42

33
65
2

17
76
7

47
53

11
(6 )
87
2

8
1
84
7

14
86

2
96
2

_
93
7

1
99

_
93
7

1
99

_
93
7

1
99

M eth od of p aym en t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r ovid in g
p aid v a c a t io n s ___________________________
_____
L e n g t h -o f -t i m e p a y m e n t ______________________
P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t _____________________________
F l a t -s u m p aym e n t
__ __________ _ _ _____
O th e r_________ _____ _____________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p rovid in g
no paid v a c a tio n s __________ _______ ___ ___

A m ou n t of v a c a tio n p a y 5
A fte r 6 m on th s of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ___
___
_____________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s___ _____ _________

22
2

"

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____ _________ __ __
__ ----------------------O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s ________________________ _

80
17
3

76
13
10

38
2
57
3

53
8
29
10

11
86
3

13
77
10

4
96

11
86
3

13
77
10

4
96
-

2
96
2

6
91
3

_
90
10

4
94
2

1
97
2

-

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------ _
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________ — ----------------- — --------------

16
-

84
"

-

A f te r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
______ _______ ____ _______ ____________ ___
2 w e e k s _______ __ ------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s __________ — - — --------------------------------- —

~

~

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------- -------------- ----- ---------------------------------—
— ----------— ----- - ------2 w e e k s ___
3 w e e k s -------- ----- ------------------------------------------------- —

-

A f te r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______ — ---------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s___
________________________________________
3 w e e k s _____ ___ — ----------- -------- ----- --------

See footn otes at end of ta b le.




14

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
—
(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Boise City, Idaho, July 1966)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V acation p o lic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u tilitie s3

A ll in d u str ie s4

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u t ilit ie s 3

A m ou nt of v a catio n p a y 5— Continued

A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_
___
____________________
2 w ee k s
_
3 w e e k s_________________ _________ _____ _______ __

_

_

1
68
31

4
55
41

1
50
48

17
83

50
6
44

4
46
50

1
46
1
52

10
3
87

1
63
36

6
28
66

_
47
53

4
11
84

1
9
90

9
91

1
8
91

6
28
59
7

47
53

4
11
72
13

1
9
52
38

_
9
18
73

1
8
78
13

4
11
5
80

1
9
34
56

-

9
17
74

1
8
4
87

4
11
5
79

1
9
34
56

_
9
17
74

1
8
4
87

6
56
38

68
32

6
43
2
50

A fte r 12 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________ __________________ _
2 w e e k s _____ _______ „
----------------- -------------------________ ___
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s_____
3 w e e k s _________ __
_____
______________________

_

_

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________ ____________ .______________________
_
2 w eek s
3 w e e k s-------------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 20 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1
2
3
4

w e e k ________________________________ ________________
w e e k s ___________ _________ _____________ ___ —
w eeks1
w ee k s___________ _ ____ _______ _________________

1
2
3
4

w e e k _________________ ____________________________
w e e k s_________________ _______ _____________ ___
w eek s
____ ______________________________________
w e e k s_________________________________________________

_

A fte r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

_

6
28
42
24

47
46
7

6
28
42
24

47
46
7

M a x im u m vacatio n a v a ila b le 7
1 w eek
__ ___ ______________________________________
2 w e e k s_______________ ________________________________
3 w ee k s________________________________ _______ ___
4 w e e k s_______________________________________________
O ve r 4 w e e k s _________________________________________

(6 )

_

1

1 Includes b a s ic plans only. E x c lu d es p lans such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and those plans w hich offer "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t ic a l" ben efits beyon d b a s ic p lan s to w o r k e r s with q ualifying lengths
of s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of such e x c lu sio n s are p lans in the s t e e l, a lu m in u m , and can in d u str ie s.
2 In cludes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 T ra n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other p ublic u tilitie s .
4 In cludes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n c e, in su r a n c e , and r ea l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
5 In cludes p aym en ts other than "le n g th of t i m e , " such as p erc en ta g e of annual ea rn in g s or f la t -s u m p aym e n ts, con verted to an eq u ivalent tim e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le , a p aym en t of 2 p e r c e n t
of annual ea rn in g s w as co n sid e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p ay.
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b itr a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p r o v isio n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the
changes in p ro p o rtio n s in dicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include chan ges in p r o v isio n s o c cu r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E stim a te s are c u m u la tiv e.
T h u s, the p ro p o rtio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s' pay
or m o r e a fter 5 y e a rs in clu d es th ose who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s' pay or m o r e after fe w e r y e a r s of s e r v ic e .
6 L e s s than 0 .5 p erc en t.
7 F ig u r e s shown a lso in dicate the p r o v isio n s after 30 y e a r s of s e r v ic e .




15

Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t of plant and office w o r k e r s ,in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
h ealth, in su r a n c e , or p en sion b e n e fits, 1 B o ise C ity , Idaho, July 1966)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffice w o rk ers

Type of b en efit
A ll in d u str ie s2

M an ufacturing

Public u tilitie s3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturing

Public u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in su r a n c e _____________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e _________________________________________
S ick n e ss and ac cid en t in su r a n ce or
sic k le a v e or b o th 5 _____________ _____________

91

93

100

99

98

100

70

72

65

57

23

46

68

65

93

65

24

97

S ick n e ss and ac cid en t in s u r a n c e __________
Sick le a v e (full pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) ______________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
w aiting p e r io d ) ______________________________

39

57

13

39

20

13

23

16

42

30

8

84

12

-

39

5

H o sp ita liza tio n in s u r a n c e ______________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e _______________________________
M e d ic a l in su r a n c e ________________________________
C a ta stro p h e in s u r a n c e __________________________
R e tire m e n t p e n s io n ______________________________
N o h ea lth , in su r a n c e , or p en sio n p la n ______

94
94
91
69
49
4

96
96
86
67
49
4

100
100
100
98
82

98
98
97
93
80
1

99
99
97
94
89
(6 )

100
100
100
98
82

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g :

-

1 In clu d es th ose p lans fo r w hich at le a s t a part of the c o st is b orn e b y the e m p lo y e r , ex cept those le g a lly re q u ir e d , such as w o r k m e n 's c om p en sation , s o c ia l se c u r ity , and ra ilr o a d r etir em en t.
2 In clu d es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilities.
4 In clud es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a r a te ly .
5 U nduplicated to ta l of w o r k e r s r ec eiv in g sick le ave or sic k n e ss and accid en t in su ran ce shown sep a r a te ly b elo w .
Sick le a v e p lans a re lim ite d to those w hich d efin ite ly esta b lish at le a st
the m in im u m n u m b er of d a y s' pay that can be expected by each e m p lo y e e .
In fo r m a l sic k le a v e allo w a n ces d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is are ex clu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.




16

Table B-7.

Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and Their Dependents

(P e r c e n t o f plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in esta b lish m en ts providin g health in su r a n c e b en efits
c o v erin g em p lo y e e s and th eir d ep en den ts, B o is e C ity, Idaho, July 1966)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Type o f b e n e fit, c o v e r a g e , and financing 1
A ll in d u str ie s 2

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u tilitie s 3

A ll in d u strie s 4

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

94
17
11
6

96
14
14

98
6
4
2

99
5
5

-

100
18
16
2

100
12
10
2

77
13
54

82
15
38

82
9
69

92
4
76

95
5
69

9

29

1

10

10

-

1

"

2

2

-

8

94
17
11
6

96
14
14

98
6
4
2

99
5
5

-

100
18
16
2

100
12
10
2

77
13
54

82
15
38

82
9
69

92
4
76

95
5
79

9

29

1

10

10

1

-

2

2

-

8

M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------C o v erin g e m p lo y ee s o n ly — -----------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d -----------------------------------J oin tly financed — ----------------------------------C o v erin g e m p lo y ee s and th eir
dependents — -----------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d _______________________
J o in tly f in a n c e d --------- ---------------------------E m p lo y e r financed fo r e m p lo y e e s;
jo in tly financed for dep en dents----------E m p lo y e r financed fo r d ep en dents;
jo in tly financed fo r e m p lo y e e s
-------

91
17
11
6

86
14
14
-

100
18
16
2

97
6
4
2

97
5
5
-

100
12
10
2

74
13
54

72
15
38

82
9
69

91
4
76

93
5
79

88
5
75

6

19

1

9

8

-

1

-

2

2

-

8

C ata strop h e in su r a n ce — ---------------------------------C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s o n ly -----------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d --------------------------------J o in tly f in a n c e d ----------------------------------------C o v erin g e m p lo y ee s and their
dependents - ------------------------ -------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d -----------------------------------Join tly fin a n c e d ----------------------------------------E m p lo y e r financed fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in tly financed for d ep en dents----------E m p lo y e r financed fo r d epen dents;
jo in tly financed for e m p l o y e e s -----------

69
12
10
2

67
11
11
-

98
16
16
-

93
4
3
1

94
3
3
-

98
10
10
-

58
14
37

56
7
29

82
47
31

88
11
66

91
4
77

88
35
45

6

20

1

10

10

“

2

2

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovid in g:
H osp ita liza tio n in su r a n c e — - ------------------------C o v erin g em p lo y e e s o n ly - - - ----------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ------------------------------ —
J oin tly f in a n c e d ----------------------------------------C o v erin g e m p lo y ee s and th eir
dependents — ----------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r financed — -----------------------------J oin tly financed — -----------------------------E m p lo y e r financed fo r e m p lo y e e s;
jo in tly financed for dep en dents----------E m p lo y e r financed fo r d ep en dents;
jo in tly financed for e m p l o y e e s ----------S u rg ic a l in su r a n c e -----------------------------------------------C o v erin g e m p lo y ee s o n ly -----------------------------E m p lo y e r f in a n c e d -----------------------------------J oin tly f in a n c e d ----------------------------------------C o v erin g e m p lo y ee s and th eir
d e p e n d e n ts -----------------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d -----------------------------------J oin tly fin a n c e d ----------------------------------------E m p lo y e r financed fo r e m p lo y e e s;
jo in tly financed for d ep en den ts----------E m p lo y e r financed fo r depen dents;
jo in tly financed for e m p l o y e e s -----------

1

-

-

88
5
75

88
5
75

8

1 Includes plans for w hich at le a st a p art o f the c o st is b orn e by the e m p lo y e r . See footnote 1, table B - 6 . An esta b lish m en t w as c o n sid e r e d as p ro v id in g b e n e fits to e m p lo y e e s fo r th e ir
dependents if such c o v e r a g e w as a v a ila b le to at le a st a m a jo r ity of th ose em p lo y e e s one would u su a lly expect to have d ep en dents, e . g. , m a r r ie d m e n , ev en though th ey w e r e le s s than a m a jo r ity
of a ll plant or o ffic e w o r k e r s .
The e m p lo y e r b e a r s the en tire c o st of "e m p lo y e r fin a n c e d " p la n s .
The e m p lo y e r and em p loyee sh a re the c o st o f "j o in t ly fin a n c e d " p la n s .
2 In cludes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv ision s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
4 Includes data for w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .




17

Table B-8.

Premium Pay for Overtime Work

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by overtime premium pay
provisions, Boise City, Idaho, July 1966)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w o r k e r s

P r e m iu m pay p o lic y
A ll in d u strie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------------------

M an ufacturing

P ublic u t ilit ie s 2

A ll in d u strie s 3

M anufacturing

P ublic u t ilit ie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

73

79

64

57

21

53

73

79

64

57

21

53

3
1
69

10
3
66

-

-

-

-

-

64

2
55

7
14

53

27

?.l

36

43

79

47

D a ily o v e r t im e at p r e m iu m r a te s
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts having
p r o v isio n s fo r d a ily o v e r tim e
p a y 4 at p r e m iu m r a t e s ------------------------------------------T im e and o n e -h a l f ________________________________
E ffe c tiv e a fte r :
7 h o u r s----------------------------------------------------------7 V2 h o u r s____________________________________
8 h o u r s _______ _______________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts having no
p r o v isio n s fo r d a ily o v e r tim e
pay at p r e m iu m r a te s 5____________________________

-

W e ek ly o v e r tim e at p r e m iu m r a te s
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts having
p r o v isio n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r tim e
p a y 4 at p r e m iu m r a t e s ____________________________
T im e and o n e -h a l f ------------------------------------------------E ffe c tiv e a fte r :
35 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------40 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------48 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------

95

100

96

98

100

99

95

100

96

98

100

99

3
1
85
6

10
3
86

_

_
3
93
1

_
7
93

.
.

-

96
-

-

99
-

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts having no
p r o v isio n s fo r w ee k ly o v e r tim e
pay at p r e m iu m r a te s 5-------------------------------------------

1 In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s.
3 In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il trade; finance, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
4 In clud es w o r k e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts co v ere d by le g isla tiv e req u ir em e n ts regard in g p r e m iu m pay for o v e r t im e , even though such w o r k e r s a c tu ally do not w ork o v e r t im e .
Graduated p rovision s
fo r p r e m iu m pay a r e c la s s if ie d u nd er the f ir s t effe ctiv e p rem iu m r a te .
F o r e x a m p le , a plan c a llin g fo r tim e and o n e -h a lf after 8 and double tim e a fter 10 h ours would be c o n sid ere d as tim e
and o n e -h a lf a fte r 8 h o u r s.
S im ila r ly , a plan callin g for no pay or pay at r eg u la r rate after 35 h ours and tim e and o n e -h a lf after 40 h ours would be c o n sid e r e d as tim e and o n e -h a lf after 40 h ours.
5 In cludes w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts exem pt fr o m le g isla tiv e r e q u ir e m e n ts r egard in g p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and w h e re, as a m a tter of p o lic y , o v e r tim e is not w orked.







Appendix A.

Change in Occupational Description:

zation and the scope of the supervisors position are considered in dis­
tinguishing these levels.
Data published under the composite title of
secretary are not comparable to data previously published.

Since the Bureaus last survey, the occupational description for
secretary was revised in order to obtain salary information for more specific
categories.
The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A , B, C, D) classify
these workers according to levels of responsibility. The size of the organi­




Secretary

The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix

19

B.




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter.
May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A .
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc.
Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B.
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations.
May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A .
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc.
May
also file this material.
May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files.
May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B.
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material.
May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C .
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine.
Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master.
May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards.
Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f co d in g skills and the m aking o f som e determ inations, for ex a m p le ,
loca tes on the source docum ent the items to be punched; extracts
in form ation from several docum ents; and searches for and interprets
in form ation on the docu m en t to determ ine inform ation to b e punched.
M ay train in e x p e rie n ce d operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or follow in g s p e c ific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source docum ents to punched
cards.
Operates a n um erical an d/or alphabetical or com b in a tion
keypun ch m a ch in e to keypunch tabulating cards.
M ay verify cards.
W orking from various standardized source docum ents, follow s sp e cifie d
sequen ces w h ich have b een cod ed or prescribed in detail and require
little or no s e le ctin g , cod in g, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problem s arising from erroneous items or codes, missing in form ation,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY O R GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
m inor o ffic e m a ch in es such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing
m a il, and other m in or c le r ic a l work.

SECRETARY
A ssigned as personal secretary, norm ally to one individu al. M ain­
tains a close and h igh ly responsive relationship to the d a y -to -d a y work
a ctiv ities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently re ce iv in g a m in i­
m um o f d e ta ile d supervision and guidance. Performs varied c le r ic a l and
secretarial duties, usually in cluding most o f the follow in g : (a ) R eceiv es
telep h on e ca lls, personal callers, and in com in g m a il, answers routine
in qu iries, and routes the te ch n ica l inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, m aintains, and revises the supervisor's files; ( c ) m aintains the
supervisor's calen dar and makes appointments as instructed; (d ) relays
m essages from supervisor to subordinates; (e ) reviews correspon den ce, m e m ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedu ral and ty pogra ph ic accu racy; and (f) perform s stenographic
and typin g w ork.
M ay also perform other c le rica l and secretarial tasks o f com parable
nature and d ifficu lty .
The work ty p ica lly requires kn ow ledge o f o ffic e
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the w ork o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are title d "secreta ry" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions w hich are ex clu d ed from the def­
in ition are as follow s:
(a ) Positions w hich do not m eet the "personal"
secretary con cep t described ab ove; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; ( c ) stenographers serving as o ffic e assistants to a
group o f professional, te c h n ic a l, or m anagerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in w hich the duties are either substantially m ore routine or substan­
tia lly m ore c o m p le x and responsible than those characterized in the def­
in ition ; a n d (e ) assistant type positions w hich in volve m ore d ifficu lt or m ore
responsible te c h n ic a l, adm inistrative, supervisory, or sp ecia lized cle rica l
duties w hich are not ty p ica l o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate o ffic e r ," used in the le v e l definitions
follow in g , refers to those o ffic ia ls who have a sign ifican t corporate-w ide
p olicy m a k in g role w ith regard to m a jor com pan y activities.
The title
" v ic e president, " though n orm ally in dicative o f this role, does not in all
cases iden tify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on in dividual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny in dividual loa n or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a c le r ic a l staff) are not considered to be "corporate
o ffic e rs " for purposes o f applying the follow in g le v e l defin itions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairm an o f
com pany that em p loyes, in a ll, over 100 but

the board or president o f a
few er than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

b.
Secretary to a corporate o ffic e r (other than the chairm an o f
the board or president) o f a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but
few er than 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ed ia tely below the corporate
o ffic e r le v e l) o f a m a jor segm ent or subsidiary o f a com pany that em ploys,
in a ll, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairm an o f the board or president o f a
com pany that em p loys, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate o ffic e r (other than chairm an o f the
board or president) o f a com pany that em p loys, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

24

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5, OOP but fewer than 25, OOP
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over, 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into, organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
d.
Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f official) that employs, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0
persons; or

b.
Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e assignment.
(’'Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e:tftension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

25

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical woik as part of regular duties.
This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this woiker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work.
The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken.
As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established.
May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYTIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.

Class A .
Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c . , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing.
May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

26

PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSM AN

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSM AN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation o f c o m p le x item s having
distin ctive design features that differ sign ifican tly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and m ay recom m en d m inor design changes.
Analyzes the e ffe c t o f
each change on the details o f form , fu nction , and position al rela tion ­
ships o f com pon ents and parts. Works with a m inim um o f supervisory
assistance. C om p leted work is review ed by design originator for c o n ­
sistency with prior en gineering determ inations.
M ay either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by low er le v e l draftsmen.
Class B.
Performs nonroutine and c o m p le x drafting assignments
that require the a p p lication o f m ost o f the standardized drawing te c h ­
niques regularly used. Duties ty p ic a lly in volve such work as: Prepares
working drawings o f subassemblies with irregular shapes, m u ltiple
functions, and precise position al relationships betw een com ponents;
prepares architectural drawings for construction o f a bu ildin g in cluding
d etail drawings o f foundations, w a ll sections, flo o r plans, and roof.
Uses a c c e p te d form ulas and manuals in m aking necessary com pu tation s
to determ ine quantities o f m aterials to be used,, loa d ca p a citie s,
strengths, stresses, e tc .
R e ce iv e s in itial instructions, requirem ents,
and ad vice from supervisor.
C om p leted work is c h e ck e d for tech n ica l
ad equ acy.
Class C .
Prepares detail drawings o f single units or parts for
en gin eerin g, construction, m anufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
o f drawings prepared include isom etric projection s (d e p ic tin g three
dim ensions in accurate scale) and sectional view s to cla rify position in g
o f com pon ents and con v ey n eeded inform ation.
C onsolidates details
from a num ber o f sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested m ethods o f approach, a p p lica b le preceden ts, and a d v ice on
source m aterials are given with in itial assignments.
Instructions are
less com p lete when assignments recur.
Work m a y be s p o t-ch e c k e d
during progress.
D R A FTSM A N -TR A C E R
C opies plans and drawings prepared by others by p la cin g tracin g
cloth or paper over drawings and tracin g w ith pen or p e n c il.
(D oes not
include tracing lim ite d to plans prim a rily consisting o f straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
Prepares sim ple or repetitive drawings o f ea sily visu alized item s.
is c lo s e ly supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse-who gives nursing service under general m e d ic a l
d irection to ill or injured em p loy ees or other persons w ho b e c o m e ill or
suffer an a ccid e n t on the prem ises o f a fa ctory or other establishm ent.
D uties in volve a com bin a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f e m p lo y e e s ' injuries; k eepin g
records o f patients treated; preparing a c c id e n t reports for com pen sa tion
or other purposes; assisting in ph ysical exam in ation s and health evalu ation s
o f applicants and em p loyees; and planning and carrying out program s
in volvin g health ed u ca tion , a ccid e n t preven tion , ev alu ation o f plant e n ­
viron m en t, or other a ctivities a ffe ctin g the h ealth , w e lfa re , and safety
o f all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— C ontinued

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and m aintain
in g ood repair bu ildin g w oodwork and equ ipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, ben ches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim m ade
o f w ood in an establishm ent. Work in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Plan­
ning and la yin g out o f work from blueprints, drawings, m od els, or verbal
instructions; using a variety o f carpenter's handtools, portable pow er tools,

and standard m easuring instruments; m akin g standard shop com pu tation s,
relating to dim ensions o f work; and se le ctin g m aterials necessary for the
w ork.
In general, the work o f the m ain ten an ce carpenter requires
rounded training and experien ce usually acqu ired through a form a l ap­
prenticeship or equ ivalent training and e x p e rie n c e .




27

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Perform s a v a riety o f e le c tr ic a l trade functions such as the in ­
stallation, m a in ten a n ce, or repair o f equipm ent for the generation, dis­
tribution, or u tilization o f e le c tr ic energy in an establishm ent.
Work
in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g ; Installing or repairing any o f a variety o f
e le c tr ic a l eq u ip m en t such as generators, transformers, sw itchboards, c o n ­
trollers, c ir c u it breakers, m otors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equ ip m en t; w orking from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other sp e cifica tio n s; lo c a tin g and diagnosing trouble in the e le c tr ic a l
system or equ ipm en t; w orking standard com putations relating to lo a d
requirem ents o f w iring or e le c tr ic a l equipm ent; and using a v ariety o f
e le c tr ic ia n 's han dtools and m easuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work o f the m a in ten an ce e le ctricia n requires rounded training and
ex p erien ce usually acqu ired through a form al apprenticeship or eq u ivalen t
training and e x p e r ie n c e .

a w oih er supplied w ith m aterials and tools; clean in g working area, m a ­
ch in e, and equ ipm ent; assisting journeym an by h oldin g m aterials or tools;
and perform ing other unskilled tasks as d irected by jou rneym an. The kind
o f work the h elper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
som e trades the h elper is con fin ed to supplying, liftin g , and h oldin g m a ­
terials and tools and clean in g w orking areas; and in others he is perm itted
to perform sp ecia lized m ach in e operations, or parts o f a trade that are
also perform ed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, ST A T IO N A R Y
Operates and m aintains and m ay also supervise the operation o f
stationary en gin es and equ ip m en t (m ech a n ica l or e le c tr ic a l) to supply the
establishm ent in w h ich e m p lo y e d with pow er, heat, refrigeration, or
a ir-c o n d itio n in g .
Work in volves: Operating and m aintaining equ ipm ent
such as steam en gin es, air compressors, generators, m otors, turbines,
v en tila tin g and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and b o ile r -fe d
w ater pum ps;, m akin g eq u ipm en t repairs; and keeping a record o f operation
o f m a ch in ery , tem peratu re, and fu el consum ption.
M ay also supervise
these operations.
H ead or c h ie f engineers in establishments em p loy in g
m ore than one en gin eer are e x clu d e d .

M ACH IN E-TO OL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation o f one or m ore types o f m achine
tools, such as jig borers, cy lin d rica l or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illin g m a ch in es, in the construction o f m a ch in e-sh op tools, gages,
jig s , fixtures, or dies.
Work in volves most o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and perform ing d ifficu lt m ach in in g operations; processing item s requiring
c o m p lic a te d setups or a high degree o f accu ra cy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selectin g feeds, speeds, too lin g , and oper­
ation sequen ce; and m aking necessary adjustments during operation to
a ch iev e requisite tolerances or dim ensions.
M ay be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le ct proper coolants
and cutting and lu bricating oils.
For cross-industry w age study purposes,
m a c h in e -to o l operators, to o lro o m , in tool and die job b in g shops are e x ­
clu d ed from this cla ssifica tion .

M ACHIN IST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, S T A T IO N A R Y BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in w hich
e m p lo y e d w ith h ea t, pow er, or steam .
Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m e c h a n ic a l stoker, or gas or o il burner; and checks w ater
and safety v a lv e s.
M ay c le a n , o il, or assist in repairing b oilerroom
equ ipm en t.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or m ore workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by perform in g s p e c ific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keepin g




Produces rep lacem en t parts and new parts in m aking repairs o f
m eta l parts o f m ech a n ica l equ ipm ent operated in an establishm ent. Work
in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and sp eci­
fication s; planning and la yin g out o f work; using a variety o f m achinist's
handtools and p recision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard m achine tools; shaping o f m etal parts to close tolerances; m aking
standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions o f w ork, toolin g , feeds,
and speeds o f m ach in in g; kn ow ledge o f the working properties o f the
c o m m o n m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, parts, and equipm ent re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assem bling parts into m ech an ica l
equ ipm ent. In general, the m ach in ist's work n orm ally requires a rounded
training in m a ch in e-sh op p ra ctice usually acquired through a form al ap­
prenticeship or equ ivalen t training and ex p erien ce.

28

M ECHANIC, AU TO M O TIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs a u tom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishm ent. Work in volves m ost o f the follow in g : Exam ining au tom otive
equ ipm en t to diagnose source o f trouble; disassem bling eq u ipm en t and
perform in g repairs that in volve the use o f such handtools as w renches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equ ipm ent in disassem bling or fittin g parts;
rep la cin g broken or d e fe ctiv e parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the v e h ic le
and m aking necessary adjustments; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening bod y bolts.
In general, the work o f the au to­
m otiv e m e ch a n ic requires rounded training and ex p erien ce usually acqu ired
through a form al apprenticeship or eq u ivalen t training and e x p e rie n ce .

Lubricates, with o il or grease, the m ov in g parts or w earing sur­
faces o f m ech an ica l equipm ent o f an establishm ent.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs m ach in ery or m ech a n ica l equ ipm ent o f an establishm ent.
Work in volves m ost o f the follow in g : Exam ining m ach in es and m e ch a n ica l
equ ipm en t to diagnose source o f trouble; dism antling or partly dism antling
m ach in es and perform ing repairs that m a in ly in volve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fittin g parts; replacin g broken or d efectiv e parts w ith item s
obtain ed from stock; ordering the production o f a rep la cem en t part by a
m ach in e shop or sending o f the m ach in e to a m ach in e shop for m a jor
repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecifica tion s for m a jor repairs or for the pro­
d u ction o f parts ordered from m ach in e shop; reassem bling m ach in es; and
m aking all necessary adjustments for operation.
In gen eral, the work o f
a m ain ten an ce m e ch a n ic requires rounded training and e x p erien ce usually
acqu ired through a form a l apprenticeship or equ iv alen t training and e x ­
p e rie n ce .
E xcluded from this classifica tion are workers whose prim ary
duties in volve setting up or adjusting m ach in es.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new m ach in es or h eavy equ ipm ent, and dism antles and
installs m ach in es or h eavy equ ipm ent when changes in the plant la you t
are required. Work in volves m ost o f the fo llow in g : Planning and la yin g
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecifica tion s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; m aking standard shop com pu tation s re­
latin g to stresses, strength o f m aterials, and centers o f gravity; alin ing
and ba la n cin g o f equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equ ipm en t, and
parts to be used; and installing and m aintaining in g o o d order pow er
transmission eq u ipm en t such as drives and speed reducers.
In gen eral,
the m illw rig h t’ s work n orm ally requires a rounded training and ex p erien ce
in the trade acqu ired through a form al apprenticeship or eq u iv a len t train­
ing and e x p e rie n ce .




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, w oodw ork, and fixtures o f an es­
tablishm ent.
Work involves the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f surface p e c u li­
arities and types o f paint required for d ifferen t applications; preparing
surface for painting by rem oving o ld finish or by p la cin g putty or fille r
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint w ith spray gun or brush.
M ay m ix colors, oils, white lea d , and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper co lo r or consistency.
In gen eral, the work o f the m ain ten an ce
painter requires rounded training and e x p erien ce usually acqu ired through
a form al apprenticeship or equ iv alen t training and ex p e rie n ce .

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs w ater, steam , gas, or oth er types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent.
Work in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g ;
Laying out of work and measuring to lo c a te position o f pipe from drawings
or other written sp ecifica tion s; cutting various sizes o f pip e to correct
lengths with chisel and ham m er or o x y a ce ty le n e torch or p ip e -c u ttin g
m ach in e; threading pipe with stocks and dies; ben din g pipe by h an d -d riven
or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling pipe w ith cou plin gs and fastening
pipe to hangers; m aking standard shop com pu tation s relating to pressures,
flo w , and size o f pipe required; and m akin g standard tests to determ ine
whether finished pipes m eet sp e cifica tio n s.
In g en eral, the work o f the
m aintenance pip efitter requires rounded training and e x p erien ce usually
acqu ired through a form al apprenticeship or e q u iv a len t training and e x ­
p erien ce. Workers prim arily en ga ged in installing and repairing bu ildin g
sanitation or heating systems are e x c lu d e d .

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plum bing system o f an establishm ent in g o o d order.
Work involves: K now ledge o f sanitary cod es regarding in stallation o f vents
and traps in plum bing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clo g g e d drains with a plu n ger or plu m b er's snake. In g en eral,
the work o f the m aintenance p lu m b er requires rounded training and e x ­
p erien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or e q u iv a len t
training and ex p erien ce.

29

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab rica tes, installs, and m aintains in good repair the sh eet-m eta l
equ ip m en t and fixtures (such as m ach in e guards, grease pans, shelves,
lock ers, tanks, v en tilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) o f an establish­
m en t. Work in volves m ost o f the follow in g : Planning and la yin g out all
types o f s h e e t-m e ta l m ain ten an ce work from blueprints, m od els, or other
sp ecifica tion s; setting up and operating all available types o f sh e e t-m e ta l­
w orking m ach in es; using a variety o f handtools in cutting, bending, fo rm ­
ing, shaping, fittin g , and assem bling; and installing sh eet-m eta l articles
as required. In g en era l, the work o f the m aintenance sh eet-m eta l worker
requires rounded training and ex p erien ce usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or eq u iv a len t training and ex p erien ce.
TOOL AND DIE M AKER

v olves m ost o f the fo llow in g : Planning and layin g out o f work from m od els,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecifica tion s; using a
variety o f to o l and die m aker's handtools and p recision measuring instru­
m ents, understanding o f the working properties o f co m m o n m etals and
alloys; setting up and operating o f m ach in e tools and related equipm ent;
m aking necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions o f w ork, speeds,
feeds, and to o lin g o f m ach in es; heattreating o f m etal parts during fab ri­
ca tion as w e ll as o f finished tools and dies to a ch iev e required qualities;
working to close tolera n ces; fittin g and assem bling o f parts to prescribed
tolerances and a llow an ces; and selectin g appropriate m a terials, tools, and
processes.
In g en eral, the to o l and die m aker’ s work requires a rounded
training in m a ch in e-sh op and toolroom p ra ctice usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equ iv alen t training and e x p e rie n c e .

(D ie m aker; jig m aker; to o l m aker; fixture maker; gage m aker)
Constructs and repairs m a ch in e-sh op tools, gages, jig s , fixtures
or dies for forgin gs, pu nch ing, and other m eta l-form in g w ork. Work in­

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry w age study purposes, to o l and die makers in
tool and die job b in g shops are ex clu d ed from this cla ssifica tion .

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR O PERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PO RTER, O R CLEANER— C ontinued

Transports passengers betw een floors o f an o ffic e bu ild in g, apartnient house, departm ent store, h o te l, or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers
w ho operate elevators in con ju n ction with other duties such as those o f
starters and janitors are e x clu d e d .

or other establishm ent.
D uties in volve a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g :
S w eeping, m op pin g or scm b bin g , and polishing floors; rem ovin g chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equ ipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trim m ings; providin g supplies and m inor m aintenance
services; and cle a n in g la va tories, showers, and restroom s.
Workers who
sp ecialize in w indow washing are e x clu d ed .

GUARD AN D W A T C H M A N
Guard.
Perform s routine p o lic e duties, either at fix e d post or
on tour, m a in tain in g order, using arms or fo rce where necessary.
Includes
g a tem en w ho are stationed at gate and ch e ck on identity o f em p loy ees
and other persons entering.
W atchm an .
property against fire ,

M akes rounds o f prem ises p e rio d ica lly in p rotectin g
th eft, and ille g a l entry.

JA N ITO R, PO R TE R , O R CLEANER
(S w eeper; charw om an; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly con d ition factory w orking areas
and w ashroom s, or prem ises o f an o f f ic e , apartm ent house, or c o m m e r c ia l




LABORER, M ATERIAL HANDLING
(L oader and unloader; han dler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockm an
or stock h elper; w arehousem an or warehouse h elp er)
A w orker e m p lo y e d in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties in volve one o r m ore o f the follow in g:
Loading and u nloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or from freigh t
cars, trucks, or other transporting d ev ices; u npacking, shelving, or p la cin g
m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage lo c a tio n ; and transporting m a ­
terials or m erchandise bv handtruck, car, or w heelbarrow . Longshorem en,
who lo a d and u nload ships are e x clu d e d .

30

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For w age study purposes, workers are c la s sifie d as follow s:

(O rder p icker; stock selector; warehouse stockm an)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in a ccord a n ce with sp e cifica tio n s on sales slips, custom ers’
orders, or other instructions. M ay, in a d dition to fillin g orders and in­
d icatin g item s fille d or om itted , k eep records o f ou tgoin g orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER,

SHIPPING

Prepares fin ish ed products for shipm ent or storage by p la cin g them
in shipping containers, the s p e c ific operations perform ed bein g dependent
upon the type, size, and num ber o f units to be p a ck ed , the type o f c o n ­
tainer e m p loy ed , and m ethod o f shipm ent. W ork requires the p la cin g o f
item s in shipping containers and m ay in v olv e on e or m ore o f the fo llo w in g :
K n ow ledge o f various item s o f stock in order to verify content; se le ctio n
o f appropriate type and size o f contain er; inserting enclosures in container;
using ex celsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or dam age; closin g
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering iden tifyin g data on
contain er. Packers w ho also m ake w ooden box es or crates are ex clu d ed .

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, o r re ce iv e s and is responsible
for in com in g shipments o f m erchandise or oth er m aterials. Shipping work
involves: A kn ow ledge o f shipping procedures, p ra ctices, routes, av ailab le
means o f transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, m aking up b ills o f la d in g, posting w eig h t and shipping charges,
and k eepin g a file o f shipping records. M ay d ire ct or assist in preparing
the m erchandise for shipm ent.
R e c e iv in g work involves: V e rify in g or
directin g others in v erify in g the correctness o f shipments against bills o f
la din g, in v oices, or other records; ch e ck in g for shortages and re je ctin g
dam aged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper departments;
and m aintaining necessary records and files.




R e ce iv in g clerk
Shipping cle ik
Shipping and receiv in g c le ik
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck w ithin a c ity or industrial area to transport m a ­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or m en betw een various types o f es­
tablishments such as: M anufacturing plants, freigh t depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents and
custom ers’ houses or places o f business.
M ay also lo a d or u nload truck
with or without helpers, make m inor m e ch a n ica l repairs, and k eep truck
in good working order.
D riv er-salesm en and o v e r -th e -r o a d drivers are
e x c lu d ed.
For wage study purposes, truck drivers are cla ssified by size and
type o f equipm ent, as follow s: (T r a c to r -tra ile r should be rated on the
basis o f trailer ca p a city. )
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(com b in a tion o f sizes listed separately)
ligh t (under 1 ^ tons)
m edium ( 1 V2 to anc^ in clu d in g 4 tons)
h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, trailer ty p e)
h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, other than trailer ty pe)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a m anually c o n tro lle d g a so lin e - o r e le c tr ic -p o w e r e d
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For w age study purposes, workers are c la s sifie d by type o f truck,
as follow s:
Trucker, pow er (fork lift)
Trucker, pow er (oth er than fork lift)




Available On Request—

The sixth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1469, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1965. 45 cents a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below.
A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. , 20402,
or fr om any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Bulletin number
and price

Area

Ar ea

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1966 1--------------------------------------------------Albany—
Schenectady—Troy, N. Y. , Apr. 1966 1________
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1966 1 ____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., Feb. 1966 1 —
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1966 1--------------------------------------------------Bal tim ore, Md. , Nov. 1 9 6 5 ---------------------------------------------Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, T e x . , May 1966 1 ___
Birmingham, Ala. , Apr. 1966___________________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1966 1____________________________
Boston, M a s s . , Oct. 1965 1 -------------- *___________________

14 6 5 -8 1 ,
14 6 5 -6 0 ,
14 65 -6 4,
14 6 5 -5 3 ,
14 6 5 -7 1 ,
1 4 65 -2 9,
1 4 6 5 -6 3 ,
14 6 5 -5 6 ,
15 3 0 -2 ,
1 4 65 -1 2,

30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents

Milwaukee, W i s . , Apr. 1966------------- ------------------------------St. Paul, M in n ., Jan. 1 9 6 6 ______________
Minneapolis—
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M i c h . , May 1966 1>
.---Newark,and J ersey City, N. J. , Feb. 1966 1___________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1966 1 _________________________
New Orleans, L a . , Feb. 1 9 6 6 ---------------------------------------New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1966 1 __________________________
Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1966__________________ ___________
Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1 9 6 5 ______________________

14 6 5 -6 1 ,
1 4 65 -3 8,
14 6 5 -7 2 ,
1 4 65 -5 0,
1 4 65 -3 7,
14 6 5 -4 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 2 ,

20
25
25
30
25
20
40

14 6 5 -7 7 ,
14 65 -5 ,

20 cents
20 cents

Buffalo, N. Y. , Dec. 1965-------------------------------------------------Burlington, Vt. , M ar. 1 9 6 6 ______________________________
Canton, O h i o , 'A p r . 1966 1 -----------------------------------------------Charleston, W. Va. , Apr. 1966 1_______________________
Charlotte, N . C . , Apr. 1966 1------------------------------------------Chattanooga, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1 9 6 5 ___________________
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1966 1-------------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. —
Ind. , Mar. 1966 1_______________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1965-------------------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1965_______________________________
D allas, T e x . , Nov. 1 9 6 5 ---------------------------------------------------

14 6 5 -3 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 4 ,
1 4 65 -5 8,
1 4 6 5 -7 0 ,
1 4 65 -6 7,
14 6 5 -7 ,
1 4 65 -6 8,
14 6 5 -5 7 ,
1 4 65 -8 ,
1 4 65 -1 5,
14 6 5 -2 4 ,

25
20
25
25
25
20
30
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

14 65 -1 3,
14 6 5 -7 6 ,
1 4 65 -3 5,
1 4 65 -6 2,
14 6 5 -4 6 ,
14 65 -2 3,
14 6 5 -7 3 ,

25
25
35
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Davenport—
Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—
111. ,
Oct. 1965----------------------------------------------------------------------------Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1966 1-------------------------------------------------Denver, C o l o . , Dec. 1965 1 ______________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1966 1__________________________
Detroit, M i c h . , Jan. 1 9 6 6 ________________________________
Fo rt Worth, Tex. , Nov. 1965____________________________
Green Bay, W i s . , Aug. 1965-------------------------------------------Greenville, S. C. , May 1966 1___________________________
Houston, T e x . , June 1966 1----------------------------------------------Indianapolis, In d., Dec. 1965 1----------------------------------------

Iowa, Oct. 1965 1 _______________________
Omaha, N eb r. —
Pater son—
Clifton—Pas saic, N. J. , May 1966 1__________
Philadelphia, P a . — J. , Nov. 1965 1__________________
N.
Phoenix, A r iz . , Mar. 1966 1____________________________
Pittsburgh, P a . , Jan. 1966---------------------------------------------Portland, Maine, Nov. 1965 1 ___________________________
Portland, Oreg. —Wash. , May 1966 1___________________
M
Providence—Pawtucket—Warwick, R. I . — a s s . ,
May 1 9 6 6 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------Raleigh, N. C. , Sept. 1965 1-------------------------------------------Richmond, Va. , Nov. 1965 1 ____________________________
Rockford, 111., May 1966 1 _______________________________

1 4 65 -6 5,
1 4 65 -1 0,
14 65 -2 8,
14 65 -6 6,

25
25
30
25

cents
cents
cents
cents

1 4 65 -1 6,
1 4 65 -3 9,
14 6 5 -3 3 ,
14 6 5 -4 8 ,
1 4 65 -4 5,
1 4 65 -2 6,
14 6 5 -4 ,
1 4 65 -7 4,
14 65 -8 5,
14 6 5 -3 1 ,

20
25
30
25
25
20
20
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1 4 65 -2 2,
14 65 -3 2,
14 6 5 -7 8 ,

25 cents
20 cents
20 cents

1 4 6 5 -4 4,
14 6 5 -4 1 ,
1 4 65 -2 7,
14 6 5 -8 0 ,
1530 - 1,

25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

14 65 -2 0,
14 65 -2 1,
1 4 65 -4 3,
1 4 65 -1 9,
14 65 -6 9,
14 6 5 -3 ,
14 6 5 -9 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 7 ,
1 4 65 -5 5,
1 4 6 5 -7 5,

30
20
30
25
25
25
30
25
25
20

14 6 5 -5 9 ,
14 6 5 -5 1 ,
14 6 5 -7 9 ,
14 6 5 -2 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 2,
1 4 65 -3 0,
14 6 5 -8 4 ,

30
20
25
20
30
25
25

St. Louis, M o .-1 1 1 ., Oct. 1965--------------------------------------Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1 9 6 5 -----------------------------------San Antonio, T e x . , June 1966___________________________
San Bernardino—
River side—
Ontario, Calif. ,
Sept. 1965 1-----------------------------------------------------------------------San Diego, C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 5 -----------------------------------------San Fran cisco—
Oakland, C a l i f . , Jan. 1966 1---------------San Jose, C a l i f . , Sept. 1965 1----------------------------------------Savannah, Ga. , May 1966 1----------------------------------------------Scranton, P a . , Aug. 1965 1______________________________
Seattle—Everett, W a s h . , Oct. 1965 1___________________
Sioux F a lls , S. D a k ., Oct. 1965 1
_______________________
South Bend, Ind. , M a r. 1966 1__________________________
Spokane, Wash. , June 1966______________________________
Tampa—
St. Pete rsburg, F l a _____________________________
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich. , Feb. 1966_________________________
Trenton, N. J. , Dec. 1 9 6 5 ----------------------------------------------Washington, D. C. —
Md. —
Va. , Oct. 1 9 6 5 ----------------------Waterbury, C onn., Ma r. 1966 1-------------------------------------Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1 9 6 5 ---------------------------------------------Wichita, Kans. , Oct. 1965----------------------------------------------W orceste r, M a s s . , June 1966 1__________________________
York, P a . , Feb. 1966 1----------------------------------------------------Youngstown—Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1965 1 _______________

Jackson, M i s s . , Feb. 1966 1 _____________________________
Jacksonville, F l a . , Jan. 1 9 6 6 ----------------------------------------Kansas City, M o . - K a n s . , Nov. 1965 1 -------------------------Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a s s . — . H . , June 1966 1---------N
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k . , Aug. 1966 1____
Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A n a Garden Grove, C a l i f . , Ma r. 1966 1 ----------------------------Louisville, K y . —
Ind. , Feb. 1966________________________
Lubbock, T e x . , June 1966 1_______________________________
Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 1965___________________________
Me mphis, Tenn. —
Ark. , Jan. 1966 1-------------------------------Miami, F l a . , D ec. 1965 1-------------------------------------------------Midland and O dess a, Tex. , June 1966 1------------------------Data on
 establishment practices


and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

cents
cents
cents
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cents

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cents
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(Not previously surveyed)

1 4 65 -4 9,
1 4 65 -3 4,
1 4 65 -1 4,
1 4 65 -5 2,
1 4 65 -1 8,
1465- 11,
1 4 6 5 -8 3 ,
1 4 65 -4 0,
1 4 65 -2 5,

20
20
25
25
20
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102