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j.

. o’;
- / /

Area Wage Survey
Birmingham, Alabama, Metropolitan Area, March 1976
Bulletin 1900-11
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics







Preface
T h is b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a M a r c h
1976 s u r v e y of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s a nd s u p p l e m e n ­
t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s in the B i r m i n g h a m , A l a b a m a ,
Standard M e t r o p o lit a n S ta tistical A r e a (J e f f e r s o n ,
St. C l a i r , S h e lb y , and W a l k e r C o u n t i e s ) .
The su rv ey
w a s m a d e a s p a r t of the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s '
a n n u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h i c h is d e s i g n e d
t o y i e l d data f o r i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s as
w e l l as n ational and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s f o r a l l Stand­
a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the U n ite d
S t a t e s , e x c l u d i n g A l a s k a and H aw a ii.
A. m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e
s u r v e y p r o g r a m i s th e n e e d to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
t h r o u g h th e a n a l y s i s o f (1) the l e v e l a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , and (2) the m o v e m e n t of
w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n th at m a y b e u s e d f o r
m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n c l u d i n g w a g e a nd s a l a r y a d m i n ­
i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g pla n t l o c a t i o n .
Survey results a lso are
u s e d b y th e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e
w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 84 a r e a s a r e i n c l u d e d in the p r o ­
gram .
(See lis t o f a r e a s on in sid e b a c k c o v e r . )
In
e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a lly .
I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s
and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s i s o b t a i n e d e v e r y
th ird y ear.

E a ch y e a r a fte r a ll individual area w age
s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s
are issued.
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data f o r e a c h
m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s
n a t i o n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i ­
v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data.
The B ir m in g h a m s u r v e y w as con d u cted by
the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t la n t a , G a ., u n d e r
the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f J e r r y G . A d a m s , A s s i s t a n t
R egion a l C o m m is s io n e r f o r O pera tion s.
The s u r v e y
c o u l d n o t h av e b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d w it h o u t th e c o o p ­
e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y
data p r o v i d e d th e b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n
in th is b u l l e t i n .
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s
s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
R e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in th e B i r m i n g h a m a r e a
a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r the l a u n d r y and d r y c l e a n i n g i n d u s ­
t r i e s ( M a r c h 1 9 7 6), a n d f o r f a b r i c a t e d s t r u c t u r a l
s t e e l ( N o v e m b e r 19 7 4).
A ls o available are listings
o f u n io n w a g e r a t e s f o r b u il d in g t r a d e s , p r i n t i n g
trades,
lo c a l-t r a n s it operating e m p lo y e e s , l o c a l
t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y ­
ees.
F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the
B u rea u 's
region al o ffice s.
(See b a ck c o v e r f o r
ad d resses.)

Bulletin 1900-11

Area W age Survey:

June 1976

Birmingham, Alabam a,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Metropolitan A rea
March 1976

Contents
I n t r o d u c t i o n __________________________________________

Page
2

Page
T a b l e s — C o n t in u e d
B.

T ables:
A.

E arnings:
A - l . W e e k ly earn ings o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s . . . 3
A -2 . W eek ly earnings of p r o fe s s io n a l
and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s _______________ 6
A -3. A v e r a g e w e e k ly earnings o f o f fi c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l
w o r k e r s , b y s e x _____________________
7
A - 4 . H ou rly earn ings o f m ain ten a nce,
t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t
w o r k e r s ________________________________
9
A -5. H ou rly earnings o f m a te ria l
m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l
w o r k e r s _________________________________ 10
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u rly earn ings of
m ain ten ance, t o o lr o o m , p o w e r p l a n t , m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s t o d i a l w o r k e r s , b y s e x -------------------12
A - 7 . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u rly earnings fo r se le cte d
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , adjusted
f o r e m p l o y m e n t s h i f t s ________________ 13




E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
supplem entary w age p r o v is io n s :
B - l . M in im u m en tran ce s a la r ie s
fo r in e x p e rie n ce d ty pists
and c l e r k s _______________________________ 14
B - 2 . L a t e shif t pa y p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e m a n u f a c t u r i n g plant
w o r k e r s __________________________________ 1 5
B - 3 . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s
of fu ll-tim e first-sh ift
w o r k e r s __________________________________ 16
B - 4 . A n n u a l p a id h o l i d a y s f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s __________________________________ 17
B - 5 . P aid v a ca tion p r o v is io n s fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ______________________ 18
B - 6 . H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
pla n p r o v i s i o n s f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o rke r s _________________________________ 2 1

A ppendix A .
A p p e n d i x B.

S c o p e and m e t h o d o f s u r v e y __________ 23
O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________29

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional
Offices listed on back cover. Price 95 cents. Make checks payable to
Superintendent of Documents.




Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 84 in w h i c h th e U.S.
D epartm ent o f L a b o r 's B u reau o f L a b o r S tatistics
c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e ­
lated b e n e fit s.
In t h is a r e a , data w e r e o b t a i n e d b y
p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u re a u fie ld e c o n o m i s t s to r e ­
p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d iv is io n s : M an ufactu ring ; tr a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n i­
c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in du stry grou ps exclu ded f r o m
t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and th e c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablish m en ts
h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in
th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d .
S ep arate tabu lation s a re
p r o v id e d f o r each o f th e b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s
w hich m e e t pu blication c r i t e r i a .

n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and
u n s k i l l e d pla n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , da t a a r e
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s , m a n u f a c t u r i n g , and
n onm an ufacturin g.
Th is table p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s c a u se d by e m p lo y m e n t shifts am on g e s t a b ­
lish m e n ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in ­
c l u d e d in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r fu rth er d eta ils, see
app end ix A .

B - s e r i e s tables
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on
m i n im u m e n tra n ce s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; late
s h ift p a y p r o v i s i o n s and p r a c t i c e s f o r pla n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g ; and da ta s e p a r a t e l y f o r p la n t and
o f f i c e w o r k e r s o n s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ;
and h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s .

A - s e r i e s ta b les
T a b les A - l through A - 6 p r o v id e estim a tes
o f s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly o r h o u r ly earn ings f o r w o r k ­
e r s in o c c u p a t i o n s c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s . O c c u p a t i o n s
w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m th e f o l l o w i n g - c a t e g o r i e s :
(a)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l , (c)
m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p l a n t , and (d) m a t e ­
r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
In th e 31 l a r g e s t
su r v e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - l a through A - 6 a p r o v id e
s i m i l a r da ta f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.

A pp end ixes
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s th e m e t h o d s and c o n ­
c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It
p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n o n th e s c o p e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y ,
on t h e a r e a ' s i n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r ­
in g , and o n l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e .

T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v ­
e r a g e h o u rly earn ings o f o f fic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l

A pp end ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s u sed
b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y
occu pation .

2

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Birmingham, Ala., March 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s
s

Avprage

S

S

5

S

$

s

S

s

*

S

S

$

%

o f—

s

$

weekly
hours1
(standard

S

s

s

s

s

90

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

90

Occupation and industry division

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210 _ 2 2 0

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

-

82

111
9
102
11
11
3
56

137
7
130
15
14
11
54

76
4
72

98
31
67
8
1
11
26

81
18
63
13
6
10
15

80
22
58
4
4
20
17

89
53
36
7
3
16

56
16
40
16
1
1
3

62
17
45
31
-

82
13
69
48
2
•

70
9
61
54
-

26
-

-

26
25
-

7
3
4
4
•

1

-

1
1
W
w

-

1
-

13

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

22

21
11
10
-

8
3
5
1

6
4
2
1

14
4

2
-

1
«•

3

1

-

-

2
-

•
-

1
-

10
-

3
1
2

3
—

22
9

16
16
11

-

-

-

11
-

1
-

11
11

1
1
-

8y
Mean *

Median 2

and
u n d er

Middle range*

ALL WORKERS

SE CR ET AR IE S -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --public utilities wholesale trade —
r e t a i l t r a d e ----FI NA NC E -----------

1 .1 2 4
202,
922
252
48
91
325

$
1 6 8 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$
1 7 5 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0
2 1 5 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
1
1
1
2 2 5 .5 0 1
1 4 0 . SO 1
1 6 2 . Q0 1
1 4 4 .0 0 1

$

41
70
38
80
39
49
26

.5
.0
.0
.5
.0
,5
.5

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-2
-3
-2
-2
-1
-1
-1

0
0
0
4
7
0
6

1
0
1
9
6
3
8

.5
.0
.5
.5
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

SECRETARIES* CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --RE TAIL TRADE -----

122
30
92
33

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 9 4 .0 0
1 9 6 .5 0
1 9 3 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0
1 9 4 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0

1 7 2 .5 0 -2 0 6 .5 0
1 9 3 .0 0 -2 1 5 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 0 3 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --PU BL IC UT ILITIES
f i n a n c e -----------

272
51
221
49
77

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 8 0 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0
1 7 6 .5 0
2 2 1 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0

1 7 8 .5 0
1 9 3 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0
2 4 5 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0

1 4 9 .5 0 -2 0 5 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0 -2 1 4 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 9 7 .0 0
1 9 3 .5 0 -2 5 9 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 7 4 .5 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS C
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S
f i n a n c e ------------------

274
45
229
74
75

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 8 3 .5 0
1 8 9 .0 0
1 8 2 .5 0
2 2 8 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0

1 7 3 .5 0
1 8 5 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0
2 3 9 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0

1 4 7 .5 0 -2 1 5 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -1 9 4 .0 0
1 4 4 .5 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
2 1 3 .0 0 -2 5 7 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 7 0 .5 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS D -----M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------f i n a n c e ------------------

450
70
380
151

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 1 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0

1 4 9 .5 0
1 8 5 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0

S T E N O G RA PH ER S. -G EN ER AL —
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---nonmanufacturing —
WHOL ES AL E TRADE —

542
79
463
32

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0

ST EN OGRAPHERS. SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING —

166
153

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

138
36
102
43

—

T R AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE TY PI ST S
M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------- ---NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------FI NA NC E ------------------TYPISTS. CLASS A ---NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----TYPISTS. CLASS B —
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S --RETAIL TRADE -----------FINANCE ------------------

•
•
-

1
1
1

-

47

17
17
2
2
13

-

47
1
1
35

11
4
19
18

1
11

•

.

-

_

-

3

13

-

-

-

-

-

3

*

*

-

-

13
10

*

9
7
2
1

2
2
-•

4
4
4

16
16
a

30
•
30
8
13

20
4
16
•
15

33
33
1
6

16
2
14
9

19
2
17
3
5

38
14
24
5

21
10
11
3
3

7
2
5
2
-

21
12
9
2
7

13
4
9
5
1

20
1
19
13
1

15

16

9
1
8
3
4

36
5
31
2
7

32
14
18
2
5

14
6
8
2
3

20
12
8
2
1

14
1
13
3
2

13
13
8
3

25
1
24
15
S

22
1
21
21

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

3

7
-

-

-

3

7
—

16
1
15

32
1
31
2
17

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 9 1 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0 -1 9 4 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 8 1 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 4 5 .5 0

.
•

1 4 8 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 8 1 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 7 4 .3 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 8 3 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 7 7 .0 0

1 7 2 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0

1 6 6 .5 0
1 6 7 .0 6

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

1 2 4 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0

69
68

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

469
101
368
28
42
230

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

-

2

7
l

15
9

1
1
-

12
12
11

36
36
29

51
•
51
28

62
9
53
28

72
2
70
22

34
3
31
8

37
17
20
9

8
2
6
4

12
2
10
8

27
20
7
3

27
10
17
1

22
1
21

30
4
26

.
-

1
-

79
11
68
1

45
2
43

32
4
28
5

35
8
27
4

79
5
74
3

5
1
4

4
1
3

9

*

83
15
68
13

42
13
29

•

28
•
28
4

88
15
73

*

8
1
7
2

1 5 1 .0 0 -1 9 0 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0 -1 9 8 ,0 0

.

•

-

-

*

5
5

8
8

6
6

13
4

35
34

25
25

21
18

10
10

6
6

16
16

4
4

17
17

1 2 2 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 2 6 ,0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0

16
-

34
34
10

11
11
6

3
'•
3
3

18
3
15
6

9

7
7

.

*

*

-

-

—

-

—

•

—

26
6
20
1

-

8
1
1

12
12

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 6 0 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 6 0 .5 0

*

4
4

10
10

7
7

8
8

8
8

3
2

9

4
4

8
8

*

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

27

69

194
48
146
1
28
106

65
56
2
1
31

58
18
40
10
2
19

30
13
17
4
2
6

6
2
4
2
2

11
10
1
-

-

16
16

—

27
24

1

-

69
6
7
43

9

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b l e s .




-

82
4
2
8
45

3

-

*

9

—

5
1
4
1

_

.

-

-

4
3
-

19

-

_

19

•
_

-

-

-

-

•
•

-

•

-

-

-

-

•
•

•

<*

•

-

-

-

-

-

*

•

-

m

•

4
3
1

•
•

m

m

m

-

-

•

.
.

-

-

-

■»

-

-

•

m

•

•

«»

•
-

•

•

•
-

-

m
•

12
12

4
3
1
1
-

1

2
•

•

2

8
8

4

•

9

12

1
-

•

•

•

•

•

_

•

.

•

-

•

•
•

•
•

•

T able A-1. W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rkers in B irm ingham , A la ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(staiM lard)

Numb

Average
weekly
houre1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

S

$

i

S

$

S

$

$

$

S

$

s

$

S

$

S

%

S

s

$

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

90

Occupation and industry division

100

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

-

4
4

3
3

2
1

2

16
15

9
7

2
2

3
2

-

1

2

*

*

1

£

2
2

47
47
37

61
58
6
17

44
43

17
16
5
10

10
7
4
2

5
5
4
i

6
5
5

2
2
2

8
8
8

73
4
69
54

28
8
20
15

13

9
6

1
1

10
10

7
6

10
10
“

8
5
1

10
10

-

l
l
l

-

80
Mean *

Median *

Middle range*

and
u n d er

ALL WORKERSCONT IN UE D

1 3 4 .5 0
1 3 4 .5 0

$
$
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0 -1 6 3 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

9 6 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

9 2 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

159
152
52

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 1 .0 0
120*00
1 0 8 .0 0

s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s -------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------r e t a i l t r a d e -------------------

131
113
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS'
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S -------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e --------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------

239
72
167
32
30
48
39

ORDER CLERKS, CLASS A -------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ---------------

FILE CLERKS, CLASS A NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G —

47
39

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

$
1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0

file clerks, class b nonmanufacturing —

203
194
37
86

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

391
44
347
304

P U B L I C UTIL IT IE S
f i n a n c e -------- —
FILE CLERKS, CLASS C -

$

“
3
3

*

3

19

1

•

•

-

-

-

1
1

•
-

3
3
•
•

•

3 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
4 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
3 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
3 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

136
136
136

129
21
108
88

-

2
1
1
1

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

10
10
8

29
29
12

29
29
15

29
27
5

15
15
6

10
9
4

“

1 2 2 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

5
5
5

18
18
3

35
29
21

14
14

12
11
1

10
10
-

15
12
3

6
3

5
4

5
4

5
2

l
l

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 5 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 6 3 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0

1 2 4 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 5 5 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

3
3
-

5
5
-

19
19

66
17
49

22
17
5
1
4

16
6
10
7
2
1

4
4
3

4
4
4

11
11
-

5
2
3
3

•

32
14

26
4
22
8
13

6
10

48
12
36
10
3
5
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

1

47
41
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 9 .5 0
2 0 4 .5 0
2 0 4 .5 0

2 0 8 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0
2 1 0 .0 0

1 6 3 .5 0 -2 1 9 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0 -2 1 9 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0 -2 1 9 .0 0

6
6
6

•

14
14
14

_

3
3
3

3
3
3

•

-

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

ORDER CLERKS, CL AS S B ------------—
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e -----------— —

221
36
185
95

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 4 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0

1
1
1
1

37
18
19
1

24
6
18

a c c o u n t i n g c l e r k s , c l a s s a -------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s --- —
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ------

325
91
234
81
37
40
53

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 7 9 .5 0
2 0 9 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0
2 0 2 .5 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0

1 7 4 .0 0
1 8 4 .5 0
1 6 2 .0 0
2 0 9 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0 -2 8 5 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0 -2 1 9 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 6 1 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

990
150
840
187
133
228
246

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 3 0 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 6 0 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

manufacturing
nonmanufacturing
f i n a n c e -------------------------

ME SS EN GE RS ---------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---- --------- —

RE TA IL TRADE -------------------------

finance

accounting clerks, class
manufacturing —
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---

B

PU B L I C U T IL IT IE S
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e -----RE TA IL TRADE ---------f i n a n c e ----------------

8
9
8
8

10
19
10
54

.0 0
.0 0
.0 0
.5 0

-1
-1
-1
-1

58
27
58
58

.0 0
.5 0
.0 0
.5 0

2
3

*

3

*

.

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

•

*

-

6

37

-

-

-

-

37
1

27
9
18

-

6
6

9

17

-

-

9

17

24
7
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
14

-

-

*

4
1
12

33
1
4
10
10

149
5
144
9
27
72
36

138
24
114
23
12
32
44

189
46
143
29
26
64
18

34
•

34
-

10
24

73
2
71
-

10
24
35

-

*

-

1
8
145
21
124
12
36
13
57

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b l e s .




3

4

-

-

33
-

*

1
1

1
•

-

-

-

-

w

6

•
-

•
•
•

•
_

-

•

-

•

-

_

6
6

3
3
3

-

6

.

-

-

-

*

*

3
3
3

-

-

“

*

6
6
6

4
1
3
3

71
2
69
69

.

1

8

3

1

-

2

-

-

1
1

8
8

3
3

1
1

-

2
2

•

-

•

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
8
8
2
1

22
2
20
1
10
4
1

33
6
27
12
2
1
12

30
13
17
6
7
1
1

28
12
16
7
2
7

17
6
11
4

12

4
2
2
1
1

5
1
4
4

28
28

-

19
5
14
12
2

-

1
5

1

2

-

-

-

26
3
23
7
6

33
14
19
9
1
2
2

20
4
16
6
6
2
1

17
3
14
12

76
10
66
66

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

7
6
1
1

-

-

-

-

1
81
10
71
13
9
7
22

7

“

-

-

2

-

12
9
1

-

-

28
1
27
22

•

_

•

-

-

•

•

•
-

•

-

•

-

•

-

*

-

-

•

•
•

-

•
•

•

-

•
-

-

•
-

-

-

-

-

•

•
-

•

-

-

•

-

•

-

•

•

•

•

Table A-1. W eekly earnings of o ffice w o rkers in B irm ingham , A la., M arch 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division
worker.

A

weekly
hours1
(standard)]

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f —

S

I --------- S

j

80
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

$

S

5

S

S

'i

S

S

$

S

s

S

s

S

S

S

%

90

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

3^0

100

n o

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

24 9

260

280

300

329

340

360

14
10

6
1

3
3

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

*

1
*

-

*

*

*

**

«*
*

*
-

*

-

_

*

6
6

-

~

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

*

*

1
1

11
11

1
1

-

-

•
-

3
2
1
1

3
3

•
-

4
3
1
1

-

2
2
-

1
-

•

•
-

W

_

•
•

^
-»

and
u n d er
90

ALL WO RK ER S—
CO NTINUED
BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS.
CLASS A -------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------

72
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 4 1 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0

$
1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0

$
$
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS.
CLASS 8 -------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

50
45

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

b i l l e r s -------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------

77
60

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 3 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

PAYROLL CL ER KS -----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S --- -----R E TA IL TRADE ---------------

215
104
111
26
40

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0

1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 8 9 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0 - 1 7 3 .So
1 3 0 .5 0 -1 7 9 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 6 5 .0 C - 1 9 5 .0 0
1 4 8 .5 0 -1 7 9 .5 0

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS. CLASS A --M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------— ----n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g — ---------f i n a n c e ---------------------

223
31
192
39

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 3 9 .5 0
1 6 4 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0

1 3 8 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0

1 2 6 .0 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 7 3 .8 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 4 4 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS. CLASS 8 --M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ---------WHOL ES AL E TRADE — — ----FI NA NC E ---------------------

649
84
565
114
66
202

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0

1 1 9 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0 -2 2 4 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 9 5 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

b i l l i n g -m a c h i n e

-

-

-

*

*

10
10

*

-

28
28

9
9

-

5
5

22
22

6
6

5
2

9
9

-

-

1
1

-

13

-

-

-

8

30
24

15
10

-

10
10

1
-

1
-

1

16
7
9

20
15
5

34
27
7
4
1

17
1
16
1
5

22

32
11
21
3
10

19
9
10
2
1

14
2
12
2
9

15
3
12
11
1

51

1
-

2
-

1
*

1
1

2

*

3
2
1
-

1
-

*

10
7
3
-

11

43
2

24
1
23

8

33
2
31
4

129
4
125
5
23
21

58
15
43
16
10
12

22
9
13
9
2
2

12
7
5
2
-

20
2
18
6
12

5
1
4
3

11
3
8
6

28
28

•
-

.
-

1

2

1

1

1
1

-

-

-

-

•

1

1

1

-

1

-

11
-

23
-

11
11

3
3
3

23
10

47
1
46

62
5
57
1
39

140
3
137
14
8
67

124
9
115
13
10
56

*
•
-

-

2

8

8

14
1
9

2

8

3

28
-

-

26
26
•
•

*

1

12
12
12

•

•
•
-




5

*

^
«•

-

-

*

-

-

-

•
-

-

•
-

-

*

_

•

•r

'

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

*

T ab le A -2 . W e e k ly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in B irm ingham , A la ., M arch 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

S
100
Mean

^

Median

*

Middle ranged

no

120

140

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
s
$
S
s
S
s
S
s
s
i
S
S
S
"5—
260
200
220 240
360
280 300
160
180
440 460
480
380
320
340
400 420

120

140

160

180

S

s

s

and
under
200

220

240

260

280

300

340

320

360

3B0

400

2

110

-

2
2

480

*
“

*20

440

460

500

ALL WORKERS
C O MP UT ER SY ST EM S AN ALYSTS
(Bu s i n e s s ) v c l a s s a

$

C O MP UT ER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS
( B US IN ES S)> CLASS B ---------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------C O MP UT ER P R O G RA MM ER S (BUSINESS).
CLASS A ------------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS).
CLASS B ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------f i n a n c e -------------------------COMP UT ER P R OG RA MM ER S

(BUSINESS),

COMP UT ER OP ER AT OR S, CLASS A --------

$

$

343.00

*

38
35

40.0 290.00 287.00 222.50-343.50
40.0 290.50 296.50 215.80-344.00

*

*

*

61
52
30

39.0 283.00 276.00 25 4.50-315.00
39.0 282.50 276.00 254.50-315.50
38.0 270.50 256.50 25 4.50-280.50

-

-

-

103
90
43

39.5 235.50 230.00 211.50-261.50
39.5 233.50 230.00 213.00-259.00
39.5 215.50 217.00 190.0C-230.00

•
*

-

-

58

38.5 205.00 222.50 163.50-230.00
38.5 200.00 206*50

48

2
1

7
6

2
2

1
1

4
3

8
8

-

-

-

1
1
1

4
3

21
17
16

6
6
5

5
3

19
18

3
3

1
1

*

9
7
7

11
9
6

12
11
10

30
28
15

15
15
1

16
13
1

7
6
3

1

1
1

-

27

11

12

3
3

ii
u

5

6

4

23
22

47

.

*

33

26

72

145.00-203.00

220
192

.

5
5

*

38.5 184.50 175.00

5
5

3

73

“

38^5 176.50

25
7

182.00

39*0

1
-

-

-

-

_
_

_
•

1
•

-

-

•

*

•

•

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

-

*

*

*

2
2

i

1

1

2

1

27

143.5C-1S9.00

_

2
2

1

18
DRAFTERS. CLASS A -------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

158
70

40.0 257.50 253.00 229.0C-274.50
40.0 276.50 265.50 236.50-328.00

DRAFTERS# CLASS B ---------- --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- -----------

177
63

40.0 191.00 187.50
40.0 198.50 198.5°

172.50-200.00
179.00-205.50

-

-

-

-

*

*

•

“

i

4
1
3

*

M A N U FA CT UR IN G

manufacturing

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




6

3
3

4
*

15
3

39
12

29
9

31
9

9
7

3
3

65
15

62
25

27
13

14
6

2
1

•

*

1
1

24
23

1
1
1
1

•
•

-

-

*

*

*

*

*

.

.

.

Table A -3 . A verage w ee k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w o rkers, by sex.

in Birmingham, Ala., March 1976
S ex , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OF FI CE O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN
82
76
34

38.5
38.5
38.0

41
41
41

Number
of
wodcen

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
[standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$
M E S S E N G E R S --------------- ---------------

A v ,r » | ,
(m ean *)

Avera|e
(m ean *)

(m a n * )
Number
of
w oiken

122.00
120.00
107.00

$

$
ACCOUNTING CLERKS*

CLASS B
136.50

,^ ^

204.50
204.50
204.50

,

finance

39
39

'00
40.0
40.0

158.50
158.50

62
34
28

39.0

259.00
177.50

39.0

154.00
143.00

53
36

,t

69
68

^^

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.

.

...

__

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
If •
105*00

___

in*,

r-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------_____

11

45

_______
58

40*0

_ ____

147.00
«

___

.__

_.
lj .
86
r ILL

U L tK ri*

L L A jj

L

-

-

30
92
33
272
51

40.0

180.50
196.00

49
77

3 8 .0

158.00

45
228

wL A w j

I ? 7 01
0 0 196.50
39.5 193.00
40.0

40.0
39.5

189.00
182.00

_

223

no

(0

e
^

139.50

107.00

39

119.50

55 0

122.00

66
202

116.50

??•?

77

'

__

r\t- r- -

40.0
30 4

finance

___ __

j

_

91

b t ' ' ' ' 1 1 AH l t v f

30.

40.0

39 J

122.50

33

OCCU PA TI ON S - MEN

w

4 9 *9

v v M r —1 u K

j Ij 1

ANML

H d '^O
39

38.5

36

finance

70 0
40.0 123.50

121.50

FINANCC

FINANCE

380
151

f

LLtKIN5

w L Aw O

B

"•

*

39.0

S4i

-

79
463

A

158.00
136.50

263

CLERKS*

CLASS

A

(BUSINESS),

47

169.50

156.50

(BUSINESS).

l1* "O
""

INAN C
S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




39.5

40.0

ACCOUNTING

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

UKU t“

161.50

45 0

7

34

219.00

Table A -3 .

A verage w e e k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w o rkers, by sex.

in Birmingham, Ala., March 1976— Continued
Average
(m ean 2 )

Average
(m ean 2 )

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

L U nr U 1 t K

U' tK A 1 UK«IV

o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

$
1 8 1 ,0 0
1 6 6 .j O

COMPUTER OPERATORS*

CLASS

3 9 .0

C —

151
69

A ir 7 B *

Average
(m ean 2 )

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly ^
(standard)

PR OF E S S I O N A L ANO TE CH NI CA L
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

P R O F ES SI ON AL AND TE CHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

(BUSINESS),

wL A d o

Sex,

Number
of
woikeis

$

$
1 2 7 .5 0

2 5 9 .0 0
2 7 7 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL

AND TECHNICAL

194*00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

151

3 9 .0

1 6 3 .5 0

170

4 0 .0

34

4 0 .0

1 6 7 .0 0

no

4 0 .0

1 9 2 .0 0
1 9 9 .5 0
1 8 7 .5 0

27

COMPUTER OPERATORS.
REGISTERED

See footnotes at end of tables.




8

(BUSINESS).
3 9 .0

1 9 1 .0 0

44

40*0

210*00

C L A S S C --------- -—

I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S --------------

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m a in te n a n ce, toolroom , and p o w erp lan t w orkers in B irm in g h am , A la ., M arch 1976
Hourly earnings

N u m b e r of workers rec eiving straight-time hourly earnings of--

4
$
3.00

3.00

-

S

2.80

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n
workers

M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

3.20

S
3.40

S
3.60

$
S
3.80 4.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00 4.20 4.40

•
*

6
6

-

-

-

*

-

.

.

-

•

*

-

-

6
6
*

-

1
1

S

$
4.60

s
4 .80

$
5.00

$
5.20

S
5.40

s
5.60

$
5.80

i
6.00

6.20

s
6.60

S
7 .00

S
7. 40

j
7.80

4.60

4,8?

5 • 90 5 . 2 0

5.40

5.60

5.80

6.00

6,2(1 6 . 6 0

7.00

7 • 40

7 , 8*

8.20

over

-

3
3

-

13
13

5
5

-

1
1

8

-

8

3
3

6
5

7
6

12
11

19
18

9
9

-

11
11

11
1
10

17
17
-

43
43
-

46
46
*

32
32
-

40
40
-

26
26
-

70
62

16 5
145
20

53
51
2

239
23 9
T

59
58
1

30
30
-

•

_

1

2

5
4

9
8

1
-

3
3

5

S
$
4.20 4.40

S

~s—

8.20

and
under

ALL WORKERS
$
7.46
7.46

MA IN TE NA NC E CA RP EN TE RS -----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------

92
88

$
6.35
6.32

$
6.72
6.53

$
5.235.19-

MA IN TE NA NC E EL EC TR IC IA NS ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----- ------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

859
818
41

6.77
6.79
6.39

6.84
6.93
6.79

5 . 9 5 - 7. 70
5 . 9 5 - 7 . 71
6 . 3 3 - 6 . 91

MAINTE NA NC E P A I N T E R S -------------- MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

42
33

5.87
5.90

5.94
5.94

5.52- 6.47
5.77- 6.52

MA IN TE NA NC E M A C H I N I S T S -----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------

438
436

6.66
6.66

6.95
6.95

5.625.62-

M A I N TE NA NC E M E CH AN IC S (MACHINERY)
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

98 1
942

6.52
6.51

6.81
6.69

M A I N TE NA NC E ME CHANICS
(MOTOR VEHICLES) M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
P U BL IC UT ILITIES

414
141
273
204

5.34
5.61
5.21
5.32

M I L L W R I G H T S --- -------- — ----------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------

243
243

MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES HELPERS ------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --- --- --- ---------

•
-

-

•

•

-

-

-

2
2
-

8
8
-

1
1
-

3
3

«.

*

•

.
-

-

*

-

3
3

7.80
7 . 80

•

-

-

•

-

-

*

*

-

3
3

*

5.625.62-

7.42
7.48

•

•

•

•

_

-

*

*

*

“

5.31
5.63
5.00
5.00

4.354.784.354.35-

6.53
6.67
6 . 40
6.53

-

"

“

17
6
11
*

6.17
6.17

6.24
6.24

5.455.45-

6.83
6.83

-

.

.

*

319
28 7

5.35
5.49

5.70
5.89

4.404.93-

6.11
6.32

1
*

3
3

-

MA CH IN E- TO OL O P ER AT OR S (TOOLROOM)
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------- ---

87
87

5.85
5.85

5.08
5.08

4.774.77-

6.23
6.23

.

-

*

*

TOOL AND DIE MA KE RS ---------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

121
105

6.11
6.13

6.35
6.35

5.405.40-

6 . 41
6 . 41

*

*

81

6.66

6.43

6.29-

6.83

*

*

ST AT IO NA RY E N GI NE ER S --------------

-

8
8
6

5
-

-

-

4
4

30
30

3
3

2
2

25
25

12
12

22
22

an
20

21
21

3
3

63
63

43
41

8
8

151
151

5
S

23
23

*

3
3

9
9

27
27

27
27

16
16

63
59

1
1

74
74

59
59

32
32

47
47

106
100

170
141

70
70

19 3
19 3

66
66

18
18

24
14
10
8

7
7
*

15
15
12

56
2
54
52

8

27
21
6
4

6
2
4
-

41
41
32

14
7
7
-

18
13
5
4

56
23
33
a6

9

8

1
1

45
29
16
12

m
m

3
2
1

-

31
8
23
21

-

1
-

36
5
31
29

-

•

•

-

“

“

56
56

-

*

“

“

3
3

2
2

-

28
28

-

-

84
84

17
17

12
12

41
41

-

-

5
5

6
6

1
*

24
16

17
10

7
*

15
15

-

*

34
26

*

30
30

a

11
11

56
56

25
25

63
63

13
13

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

.

*

*

*

1
1

12
12

11
11

2
2

24
24

*

8
8

1
1

2
2

3
3

5
5

5

*

1
1

5

4
4

-

-

8
8

*

5
*

18
18

*

9
9

3

6
6

4
4

51
43

3
1

1

*

6
6

3

*

16
IS

-

*

”

1

1

*

1

*

-

-

1

8

35

22

4

*

-

*

See footnotes at end of tables.




l

9

•
*

1

-

8
4

.

•

8

-

m

-

-

-

7

T ab le A -5 .

Hourly earnings o f m aterial m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in B irm ingham , A la ., M arch 1976
Hourly earnings 4

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s o f—

S
Middle range 2

S

T
S
S
4 . 2 0 4 .40 4 . 6 0

s

S

3.20

5
I
S
3.60 3.80 4.00

s

2 .60 2 .80

S
3.40

S

2.40

$
3.00

$

2.20
Mean 2 Median 2

$

4 .80

5.00

5.20

5.60

S
6 .00 6 . 4 0

*
6.80

2.40

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

2.60

2 *30

3 ,00

3.20

3,40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4 . 4 0 4 .60 4 . 8 0

5 .00 S . 2 Q 5 . 6 0

6.00

6,40 6.80

7 ,20 7, 60 8 . 0 0

47

17 3

76
26
50

46
12
34

74

63
12
51

53
7
46

11 3
24
89

56
24
32

$

i

$

7. 20

1 --------1 -----7 . 6 0 8^*00

and
u n d er

and
over

ALL WO RK ER S

2.316
478
1.B38
1.018
553
19 2

$
4.31
4.34
4.30
4.80
3.67
3.42

$
3.51
3.87
3.50
3.50
3.31
2.88

$

3.453.503.453.502.602.40-

$
5.65
4.97
5.65
6.82
4.04
4.30

TRUC KD RI VE RS . LI 6H T TRUCK
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ----- N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e --------RE TA IL TRADE ---

298
55
243
19 5
31

3.62
4.33
3.46
3.63
2.80

3.76
3.51
3.76
3.85
3.00

2.993.202.803.302.20-

TR UC KD RI VE RS . M E DI UM TR UC K M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ---------R E TA IL TRADE — ------------

748
131
617
258
121

4.23
4.23
4.24
2.93
3.25

TR UCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) -------------- ----m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------—
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S --------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ----------

517
67
450
316
94

4.41
4.15
4.45
4.10
5.63

T R U C K D R I V E R S ------- —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G --- --NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G —
PU B L I C U T IL IT IE S ---WHOL ES AL E TRADE —
RE TA IL TRADE

-

-

-

—

-

-

10
37

12 8
39

21
20

34
-

68
6

18
33

78 0
17 4
606
60 0
3
2

3.85
5.69
3.85
3.85
3.34

20

13

28

7

-

21

f

•

9

20
10
10

13
3

28
18
1

12
12

25
10
15

11
10
1

-

-

3.54
4.63
3.25
2.86
2.50

2.61- 5.65
3.40- 4.97
2.40- 6.05
2.40- 3.12
2.40- 3.25

27

160

47
26
21
3
18

22

3.87
4.02
3.50
3.50
6.47

3.503.923.453.454.12-

5.65
4.24
5.65
3.50
6.64

•

-

47

17 3

-

27
-

27

4

-

160
12 5
35

-

-

22
22
“

-

•
-

-

1
-

-

7
6
1
66
-

66
62
4

-

2
34
18
16

22
18
4
3
1

24 1

2

-

-

1

2
-

-

57
14
43

-

-

-

-

42
3

89
*

31
1

15
28

43

81

3

_
•
-

19
IS

4
1

40
20
20

32
32

69
10
59

10
8
2
2

13 8
37
101
93
8

-

20

-

3

-

-

1

-

-

5
5

20

20
20

—
-

•
-

21
21

-

•
-

20
20

32
32

59

“
-

59

10
8
2

45
4
41

-

-

-

-

43
42

81
81

3
3

8
6
2

1
-

11
z

4
3

1

•

14
6
8
8

-

*

1

9
8
1

-

2

*

*

2
1
1

18
18
-

-

-

52
24
28
28

•

-

-

-

•

•

14

51

-

—

1

•
•
•
•

"

-

7

12

-

-

,

-

•
-

•
-

•
-

-

-

147
4
14 3

-

_
-

*

7

15
1
14

10 8
57
51

334
5
329
322

12

1

12

1
•

-

15
36

1

1
•

-

74

-

241
240

-

46
12
34

7

1

7
3

-

-

-

1
-

10

-

9
9
9

*

*

-

a
-

8
■
*a

•

-

5
5

.

57

5

48

24

4

1

-

-

-

57
52
5

S
5

48

24
24

4

1

-

-

“

-

48
’

TR UC KO RI VE RS . HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) )
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----- ---------

166

3.73

3.55

3.50-

SHIP PI NG CLERKS ---------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

88
54
34

4.84
5.77
3.35

4.00
6.09
3.45

3.444.192.75-

6.85
7.00
3.72

R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS ------------- —
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------—
NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ---------RE TA IL TRADE -------- -----

138
54
84
42
42

4.00
4.85
3.45
3.54
3.36

4.20
5.05
3.02
3.07
2.97

2.974.252.782.782.76-

5.04
5.12
4.32
4.32
3.84

SHIP PI NG AND R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------

50
48

6.18
6.26

6.22
6.35

5.27- 7.28
5.27- 7.28

W A R E HO US EM EN -------- -------- --M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G — — — —
WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE --------------

288
56
232
103
90

4.02
4.36
3.94
3.40
3.56

3.71
4.24
3.55
3 . 71
3.00

2.854.142.752.302.90-

4.82
4.24
4.82
3 . 71
3.55

ORDER FI LL ER S -----------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------

725
34
69 1
594

3.23
3.70
3.20
3.06

3.07
2.60
3.08
2.90

2.402.442.402.40-

3.74
3.74
3.74
3.69

3.55

-

•
-

-

.

-

-

13
13

*
5

*

5
3
2

19
19

-

1

3

14

9

3

10

11

13
12
1




2
2
2

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

-

.
-

10
10

5
5

9
9

•

-

6
6

8
8

1
1

7
•

-

•m

-

•
-

_

•
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

.
-

-

1

40
30
10
10

-

-

26
•
26
26

6
-

31
-

3

40

6
6

31
2

9

15
6

9

9

22
22

44

-

-

.
-

10
9

37
1
36
36
-

27
27
22

23
23
23

53
53
48

16 2
8
15 4
15 4

19

10

10
10
-

*

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b l e s .

1
•
1
1

3

44
44

1
1

23
20

3

-

9

2
2
“
""

.

•
*

47
47
37

6
3
3
-

-

_

9

*

2
2
*

1
-

5

-

*

83
9
74
69

2
2

5

-

-

9

-

1
1
*

2

-

206
206
206

-

5
5

2
1
1
1

*

-

-

IS
15
*

2
•
2
2

-

10

-

3
3

3

_

3

-

2
2
*

-

-

29
6
23
22

-

2
2
•

4
*

5

16

12

4
4
*

3
5

2
2
-

-

-

4
4
*

3

18
7
11

15

5

2
2

-

4

14 6

“

*

-

-

8

-

10
-

1

1
1

-

-

-

•
-

-

-

21
7
14
10

3

4

2
1
1

3

‘

-

-

-

3

-

1

3
7
6

_

.

10

-

3

-

3

-

13

1
-

10

-

2
1

*

1
-

40

3

3

-

2
•
2
1
1
•
-

7
7
•

9
9

2
•

39
•
39
-

9
9

•
-

•

10
—

4
4

_

-

-

1
1

Table A -5 .

H ourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in B irm ingham , A la ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Hourly earnings

*

T

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n
workers

s

1 -----"5-----1 --- -T
2 . 2 0 2 . * 0 2 . 6 0 2 .80 3. 00 3 . 2 0

Number
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings o f —
5
)
1
s
5
s
>
1
9
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
*
$
3
3 . * 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 * .00 * .20 * . * 0 * . 6 0 * . 8 0 5 . 0 0 5 . 2 0 5 . 6 0 6. 00 6 . * 0 6 .80 7 . 20 7 . 6 0 8 . 0 0

and
under
2.*0

au
2.60

2.80

3 .0?

20

18
18
8

*
—

5

20
10

*
*

5

*

•
-

13 5
80
55
*9
6

22
8
1*
10
2

8*
3
81
64
7

52
*8
*
*
*

118
32
86
9
76
1

*
*

25

*

25
25

26
26
-

61
61
-

88
*9
39
39

22
19
3
3

*7
20
27
27

3. 20 3 . * 0

3.60

3.80

* . 0 0 * .2 0 * . * 0

*.60 *.80

5.00

5.20

5.60

*.00

1
1

6
6

10
10

•

2
2

28
28

*

*

*

-

-

2
1
1
1
*

5
5

31
30
1
1
-

7.20

7 . 60

8 «oo

over

8
8

*

•

7
7

*

6»*0 *.80

•*
*

*

—

.

9
9
—•
-

3
3
•
•
-

-

-

ALL W O RK ER S—
CONT IN UE D
$

2#3
98
19 5
66

$
*.33
5.60
3.1*
3.18

3.89
5.80
2.90
2.88

$
$
2.86- 5.80
*.51- 6«03
2.72- 3.89
2 . 5 8 - 3.891

1.35*
*35
919
17 5
38*
3* 8

3.**
*.05
3.15
*.59
2.80
2.80

2.88
3.*3
2.58
5.55
2.56
2.58

2.572.952.*03.3*2.*02.58-

3.7*
5.*9
3.62
5.55
2.88
2.58

115
*2
73

*27
18
*09

3
70

19 5
21*

85
35
50
*8
2

FORK LI FT OPER AT OR S -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --- —
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------WH OLESALE TRADE --------------

96*
739
225
138

*.08
*.32
3.32
3.26

3.73
*.21
3.16
3.*3

3.023.182.752.*0-

*.68
5.03
*.03
3.69

•
-

86
*6
*0
*0

13 8
88
50
-

7
7
-

80
51
29
29

GU AR DS AND WATC HM EN --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM ANUFACTURINGS

1.026
12 6

2.66
*.06

2.31
*.19

2.313.00-

2.33
5.05

77 0
10

16

35
10

28
10

22
6

17
*

8
6

16

*

*

7
1

39
32

56

3.62

3.*0

3. 05- *.21

-

1

3

7

12

5

2

*

*

*

*

91

* .* 9

*.72

4 .1 4 -

2.277
33*
1.9*3
95
82
271
165

2.65
3.75
2.*6
3. 51
2 . 81
2.58
2.62

2.30
3.53
2.30
3.09
2.75
2.*0
2.61

2 . 3 0 - 2 . 60
2.75- *.67
2 . 3 0 - 2 . *0
2 . 7 5 - * . 21
2 . * 0 - 3. 10
2.30- 2.55
2.30- 2.85

SH IPPING PA CK ER S ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------WHOL ES AL E t r a d e material handling laborers
manufacturing —
---- —
nonmanufacturing
PU BL IC u t i l i t i e s ---wholesale trade —
—

RE TA IL TRADE ---------

GUARDSS
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEA NE RS M A N U FA CT UR IN G --- --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG — — ---- ---PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S --- --------WHOL ES AL E TRADE -------------RE TA IL TRADE ----------------F I NA NC E -----------------------

5.05

10

—

10
6

-

-

-

1 * 18
37
1381
5
6
126
60

11
••
11
11

-

275
3*
2*1
*

33
81
19

-

-

11 5
20
95
22
3
11
35

6

-

90
20
70
6
13
8
3*

67
3
6*
2*
10
u

11

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b l e s .




11

•

*

-

53
37
16
2
6
2
3

6
51
23
28
*
*

18
2

26
16
10

*

2*

-■
2*
2*

*
-

11
8
3
3
30
17
13
—
—
13

*

-

99
72
27

27
17
10

87
87

6
6

7

6

*

*

15
12

*
3

6

3

-

-

1

32

-

-

12

*

21
15
6

9

11
11

16
7

-

9

-

7

8

-

2

-

1

1
1

6

-

-

32
32
•
—
-

27
26
1
—
•
1

16
10
6
6

10
10
•
•

-

12 2
22
100
96
3
1

21
21

6
6

28
28

20
20

69
69

2*
2*

22
22

7
7

7
7

-

-

-

1

-

56
*6
10
1
7
2

1
3
1

12
12

9

3

_

22

2

7

2*
2*

36
3*
2
2

17
11
6
6

-

a
*

22
22

•

9
9

•

-

.

-

*

*

*

-

5
2
3
3

-

-

-

.

•

•

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

T a b le A -6 . A verage hourly earnings of m aintenance, to o lro o m , p o w erp lan t, m a te ria l m ovem ent.

and custodial workers, by sex, in Birmingham, Ala., March 1976
S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings4

ma in ten anc e, to ol roo m, and
P O WE RP LA NT OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN

Number
of
woikeis

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings4

859

""*

TRUCKDRlVERS

6.77

33

5.90

TR UCKDRIVERSt LIGHT TRUCK --------HANUr Aw 1UKll'v * * "

295

2*86
3.46
3.63
2.80

9fil

—

414
141
273

5.34
5.61
5.21

243

MA N U F A C T U R I N G — — —

M I LL WR IG HT S — *

6.17
6.17

4*23

258
121

r«
-%

2.93
3.25

— —

—

*

TOOL AND DIE MA KE RS




—

(TOOLROOM) -

—

—

1KA Ut

" 1 ■■■■■

J '1
4.15

450
316
94

4.45
4.10
5.63

166

3.73

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN T R A I L E R ) :

2.69
oc r

4.49

JANITORS, PORTERS. AND C L EA NE RS —

5.35
5.49

71
47

5.23
6.05

87
87

5.85
5.85

4 10
4le7
3.54

121
105

6.11
6.13

12 5
53
72
42

50

6. 18

279
53
226
97

4.00
4.22
3.95
3.38

81

6 . 6 6 SHIPPING AND R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS

WA RE HOUSEMEN

MATE RI AL m o v e m e n t AND CUST OD IA L
O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN

2.48
3*62

GUARDS 1

319
287

M A C H IN E- TO OL O P ER AT OR S

N u T AIL

TR UCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
67

M A IN TE NA NC E ME CHANICS

"AliUr AL 1U K I “b

TRUCKDRIVERSt ME DI UM TRUCK —

0*00
6.66

(H Aw ni Nt KT1

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earning! 4

$

131

MAIN 1cNANCt ntwH AN lL b

Number
of
workers

C L N 1 1NUED

24 0
192
31

M A IN TE NA NC E MACHIN IS TS

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

M A TE RI AL M O VE ME NT AND C U ST OD IA L
O C CU PA TI ON S - M E N — C O NT IN UE D

MATE RI AL M O VE ME NT a n d CUST OD IA L
OC CU PA TI ON S - ME N — C O NT IN UE D
$

M A IN TE NA NC E EL EC TR IC IA NS

S e x , 3 o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

—

—

------------------------------------

1,542

2.77

2.63

MA TE R I A L MOVE ME NT a n d c u s t o d i a l
O C CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

3*27
3.27
3.27

4 30
H A N U r A v 1U K i ™ w

WHULLb
n t 1A I L

"

ALL 1KAUL
|K A U t

"w**~*“"

478
1,827
1,010
55 0
192

4.29
4.78
3.67

3 2*1
34
578

See footnotes at end of tables.

12

JO 1 '

2.40
2.52
2.39
2.40
2.61




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Birmingham, Ala., for selected periods
I n d u s try and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p
(m e n and w o m e n co m b in e d )

M a r c h 1972
to
M a r c h 1973

M a r c h 1973
to
M a r c h 1974

M a r c h 1974
to
M a r c h 1975

M a r c h 1975
to
M a r c h 1976

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l __________________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g __________________________
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s _____________________________ ____ __
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s * * _______________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s * * __________________ — __ __

6 .3
*
7 .8
5.1
7 .0

7 .2
*
5.6
7 .7
6 .6

9.6
8.9
10.3
14.1
14.3

9 .3
9.6
7 .4
8.1
9.2

M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _____________________________________ ____
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g ___________ ____ __________
I n d u s tria l n u r s e s ______________________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s * * _______________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s * * __________________________

5 .6
*
8 .5
5 .0
6 .8

*
*
4 .9
7 .5
7 .4

***
***
10.6
14.8
14.9

10.1
***
7 .4
8.2
9 .9

N on m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ______________________________ ___________
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g ____________________ ______
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s _________________________________ __
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s * * _______________________
U n sk ille d pla n t w o r k e r s * * __________________________

6 .6
*
*
***
6 .8

7 .6
*
*
***
5 .8

9.3
8.3
***
♦ ♦♦
14.5

9 .0
9 .9
***
***
9 .0

*
**
***

D ata not a v a ila b le .
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s fo r p e r io d s en d in g p r io r to
D ata do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

1976 r e la t e to m e n o n ly .

13

B. E s ta b lis h m en t practices and su p p lem en tary w a g e provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Birmingham, Ala., March 1976
Inexperienced typists
M a n u fa ctu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r y 4

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

40

7

7

•

-

E ST A B L ISH M E N T S HA VIN G A S P E C I F IE D
MINIMUM -------------------------------------------------------------------

23
5
2
-

1
-

1
-

$ 1 0 0 .0 0
$ 1 0 5 .0 0
$ 1 1 0 .0 0
$ 1 1 5 .0 0
$ 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0
$ 1 3 0 .0 0
$ 1 3 5 .0 0
$ 1 4 0 .0 0
$ 1 4 5 .0 0
$ 1 5 0 .0 0
$ 1 5 5 .0 0
$ 1 6 0 .0 0
$ 1 6 5 .0 0
$ 1 7 0 .0 0
$ 1 7 5 .0 0
$ 1 8 0 .0 0
$ 1 8 5 .0 0
$ 1 9 0 .0 0
$ 1 9 5 .0 0
$ 2 0 0 .0 0
$ 2 0 5 .0 0
$ 2 1 0 .0 0
$ 2 1 5 .0 0
$ 2 2 0 .0 0
$ 2 2 5 .0 0
$ 2 3 0 .0 0
$ 2 3 5 .0 0

AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER $ 9 2 . 5 0 -----------------------UNDER $ 9 5 . 0 0 -----------------------UNDER $ 9 7 . 5 0 -----------------------UNDER $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 ----------------------

AND UNDER
AND UNDER
AND

U N D ER

and

UNDER
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
AND

$ 1 0 5 .0 0
$ 1 1 0 .0 0
$ 1 1 5 .0 0
$ 1 2 0 .0 0
$ 1 2 5 .0 0
$ 1 3 0 .0 0
$ 1 3 5 .0 0
$ 1 4 0 .0 0
S 1 A 5 .0 0
$ 1 5 0 .0 0
$ 1 5 5 .0 0
$ 1 6 0 .0 0
$ 1 6 5 .0 0
$ 1 7 0 .0 0
$ 1 7 5 .0 0
$ 1 8 0 .0 0
$ 1 8 5 .0 0
$ 1 9 0 .0 0
$ 1 9 5 .0 0
$ 2 0 0 .0 0
$ 2 0 5 .0 0
$ 2 1 0 .0 0
$ 2 1 5 .0 0
$ 2 2 0 .0 0
$ 2 2 5 .0 0
$ 2 3 0 .0 0
$ 2 3 5 .0 0
$ 2 4 0 .0 0

--------- ---------------— ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------— ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------— ------------

55

1
7
4
i
i
i
i
-

*
2
2
1
•
-

•
1
-

2
2
1
1
-

*

-

•

EST A B L ISH M E N T S HAVING NO S P E C I F IE D
M IN IM U M ----------------------- ---------- ------------------- —

38

EST A B L ISH M E N T S WHICH D ID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN T H IS CATEGORY ---------------------

113

----------------— — —

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

3 7V 2

XXX

179

55

XXX

119

XXX

XXX

16

9

41

12

11

29

20

6

5
1
“
1

5
-

9
2
4
1

2
1
1

2
1
1
-

7
1
3
1

5
-

2
1
-

5
2
-

3
1
-

6

1
1

1
1
1
-

5
2
4
3
-

3
2
4
3
-

*

1
*
1

3
6
3
1
1
1

“
-

*

-

-

-

2
-

1
1
2
“

1
1
-

-

-

-

*

*
*

1
1

*

*

14

XXX

24

XXX

78

23

34

XX X

79

XXX

55

20

14

1
•
•
-

2
-

*

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




N on m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

119

174

S 9 0 .0 0
$ 9 2 .5 0
$ 9 5 .0 0
$ 9 7 .5 0

A ll
s c h e d u le s

XXX

-------------- -----------

ST U D IE D

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f ----A ll
s c h e d u le s

EST A B L ISH M E N T S

Other inexperienced clerical workers 5
M a n u fa ctu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

-

1

1
-

-

1
1
1
•
-

-

1

1
1

XXX

55

XXX

XXX

XXX

35

XXX

XXX

-




Table B-2. Late shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing
plant workers in Birmingham, Ala., March 1976
(All full-time m a n u f acturing plant w o r k e rs = 100 percent)
A U workers 7

W o r k e r s on late shifts

Item
Second shift

Third shift

Second shift

Third shift

B8.6

79.6

19.7

8.3

5.5
83.1.
80.2
2.9
-

3.7
76.0
68.3
7.6

.9
18.8
17.9
1.0
-

.7
7.6
7.2
.3

14.6
3.0

21.3
-

14.8
3.0

23.6
-

1.8
3.2
1.1
8.5
2.9
13.3
6.5
1.4
1.1
6.6
30.4
1.5
.3
1.8

1.8
1.1
2.3
•
2.2
7.8
1.0
10.9
1.4
9.3

.4
.2
.2
1.9
.8
3.0
1.7
.3
.1
1.4
7.1
.5
<9)
.2
-

•
.1
•
•
.3
.6
.1
.7
.2
1.1
(9)
3.9
.2
-

PE RC EN T OF WORKERS
IN E S T A BL IS HM EN TS w i t h l a t e s h i f t p r o v i s i o n s ----WITH NO PAY DI FF ER EN TI AL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK ----WITH PAY DI FF ER EN TI AL FOR LATE SHIFT WORK --------U N IF OR M CE NT S- PE R- HO UR DIFFER EN TI AL -------------U N IF OR M PERC EN TA GE DI FF ER EN TI AL ------------------OT HE R DI FF ER EN TI AL ---------------------------------AVERAGE PAY DIFFER EN TI AL
UN IF OR M CE NT S- PE R- HO UR DIFFER EN TI AL ---------------UN IF OR M PERC EN TA GE DI FF ERENTIAL --------------------PE RC EN T OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DI FF ER EN TI AL
UN IF OR M C E NT S- PE R- HO UR *
A CENTS -------------------------------------------6 CENTS -------------------------------------------7 CENTS -------------------------------------------8 AND UNDER 9 C E N T S ----- --- -— ---- — --- -----9 CENTS
10 C E N T S --------- ------------- — - — -------- — --12 C E N T S --------------- --------------------------13 ANU UNDER 14 CENTS --------------------------15 CENTS ------------------------------------------16 CENTS ------------------------------------------20 CENTS ------------------------------------------21 CENTS ------------------------------------------25 CENTS ------------------------------------------27 CENTS ------------------------------------------30 CENTS ------------------------------------------32 CENTS ------------------------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE!
3 PERCENT — ------------------------------------- —

-

-

.6
. >
28.7
1.5

2.9

-

1.0

-

2. 9
4. 7

-

-

OTHER DIFFERENTIAL!
FULL DAY'S PAY FOR RE DU CE D HO U R S--------------FULL DAY'S PAY FDR REDUCt'0 HOURS PLUS CENTS —

See footnotes at end of tables.

15

.3

Table B -3 .

Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days of fu ll-tim e firs t-s h ift w o rkers in B irm ingham , A la ., M arch 1976
Plant workers
Item

All
industries

Manu­
facturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Office workers

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

All
industries

loo

100

Manu­
facturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

loo

loo

100

100

100

PE RC EN T OF WO RK ER S BY SC HE DU LE D
WEEKLY nOURS AND DAYS

42
42
44
45
46
40
50

100

HO UR S- 5 DAYS ----------------------HO UR S- 5 DAYS -----------------------HO UR S- 5 DAYS ----------------------HO UR S- 4 DAYS -----------------------1/2 HO UR S- 5 DAYS ------------------HO UR S- 5 DAYS ----------------------HO UR S- 6 DAYS -----------------------1/4 HO UR S- 5 DAYS ------------------1/2 HO UR S- 5 D A Y S ----- ------------HO UR S— 5 DAYS ---- ------------------3/4 HO UR S- 5 D A Y S ----- ------------HOURS -------------------------------4 DAYS ------------------------------5 DAYS ------------------------------5 1/2 DAYS -------------------------6 DAYS ------------------------------HO UR S- 6 D A Y S ----------------------1/2 HO UR S- 5 DAYS — - — ------------HOURS -------------------------------5 1/2 DAYS -------------------------7 d a y s ------------------------------HOURS -------------------------------5 d a y s ------------------------------5 1/2 DAYS -------------------------HOURS-6 DAYS -----------------------HO UR S- 6 DAYS -----------------------HO UR S- 5 DAYS ------------------------

(10)
1
1
1
(10)
1
(10)
87
1
85
1
1
(10)
(10)
1
(10)
(10)
3
3
(10)
(10)
2
(10)

100

_
1
2
95
(10)
94
2
2
-

loo

loo

100

1
3
2
(10)
3
2
1
76
1
72
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
5
4

83

_

87

83
-

87
-

-

-

i

-

i
4
(10)

o
o

ALL FULL -T IM E WORKERS ------------20
25
26
32
32
35
36
36
37
38
38
40

39.7

6
(10)
6
4
2
74
3
65
3
3
2
5
5

-

2
d
4
4
-

9
1

loo

5
7
4
3

1
(10)
5
17
(10)
6
70

-

-

-

-

-

70
(10)

-

3
97
97
-

-

_
1
(10)
6
20
(10)
8
64
64
(10)
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

43
4
53
53
.
•
-

2
98
98
-

-

-

•
-

5
2
3
90
90
1
-

.
1
15
16
17
51
51
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(10)

(10)
-

(lo>

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

40.5

38.9

39.3

39.9

39.1

38.9

39.9

39.7

38.8

-

A V E R a u E SC HE DU LE D
weekly

hours

ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHE DU LE S -----------

39.8

41.1

S e e fo o t n o t e at end o f t a b le s .




16

T ab le B -4 . A nnual paid holidays for fu ll-tim e w o rkers in B irm ingham , A la ., M arch 1976
Plant workers
Item

Office workers

All
industries

Manu­
facturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

All
industries

100

100

100

100

100

loo

100

Manu­
facturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public
utilitie s

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

.. 100

100

loo

100

100

100

PERCENT OE WORKERS
ALL FULL -T IM E WORKERS ------------IN ESTA BL IS HM EN TS NOT PROV lO IN G
PAID HO LIDAYS ----------------------IN e s t a b l i s h m e n t s PR OV ID IN G
PAID HOLI DA YS -----------------------

6

-

15

-

-

20

(10)

.

(10>

_

-

-

.

94

100

85

loo

100

80

99

100

99

100

100

100

100

7.7

8.3

6.8

a.3

7.6

5.6

7.4

8.3

7.2

8.1

7.2

6.7

7.0

1
9
11
3
4
8
38
22
3
1

3
1
26
1
11
13
(10)
2
10
11
5
1
2

12
-

.
9
7
22
21
3
4
10
6
5
5
9

6
38
13
15
3
1
4
*

(10)
22
1
9
1
(10>
7
1
<10>
(10)
30
4
17
7
1
1

(10)
8
_
11
7
.
4
•
5
7
36
22
1
1

(10)
25
1
9
-

13

(10)
7
1
(10)
(10 >
36
3
13
3
(10)
1

7
14
24
2
23
8
4
2
6
4
6

39
7
9
2
33
10
•
-

32
10
3
•
35
7
12
1

100
100
100
91
84
62
62
41
38
25
25
19
14
9

80
74
74
36
36
23
23

99
99
99
78
77
68
66
60
59
29
26
8
1
1

100
100
99
92
92
81
75
71
71
66
60
24
2
1

99
99
99
75
73
64
64
57
56
20
17
4
1
1

100
100
100
93
79
55
55
30
22
18
18
16
10
6

100
100
100
61
61
54
54
45
45
10
10

100
100
100
68

AVERAGE NU MB tR OF PAID HO LIDAYS
FOR WORKERS IN ES TA BL IS HM EN TS
PROV ID IN G HO LIDAYS ----------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PAID HO LIDAYS PR OVIDED
2 HOLI DA YS ----------------------------A HO LIDAYS ----------------------------5 HO LIDAYS ----------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY -------------------6 HOLI DA YS ----------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY -------------------PL US 2 HALF DAYS -----------------7 HO LIDAYS ----------------------------PLUS 1 HALF OAY -------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS ------------------PLUS 3 HALF DAYS ------------------8 H O LI DA YS ---------- -----------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY -------------------9 HOLI DA YS ----------------------------10 HOLI DA YS ---------------------------11 HO LIDAYS ---------------------------12 H O LI DA YS ----------------------------

1
1
lb
1
11
2
n

a
(10)
l
9
27
lb
2
1

4
29
35
20
-

_

2
.
1
.
-

48
25
11
-

_

PE RC EN T OF WO RK ER S BY TOTAL
PAID HO LI DA Y TIME P R O V I D E D 1
1
2
4
5
5
6
6
7
7

DAYS OR MORE ------------------------DAYS OR MORE ------------------------DAYS OR MORE ------------------------1/2 DAYS OR MORE -------------------DAYS OR MORE ------------------------1/2 DAYS OR MORE -------------------DAYS OR MORE ------------------------1/2 DAYS OR MORE -------------------8 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------8 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -------------------9 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------10 DAYS OR M O R E --------------- -------11 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------12 DAYS ---------------------------------

94
93
91
7S
7S
64
62
54
54
45

45
18
3

1

100
100
99
90
90
79
75
72
72
64
64
25
4
1

85
82
81
56
54
44
44

31
30
18
18
8
2
2

lo o

100
100
88
08
88
88
84
84

55
55
20

8
8
4

4
-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




17

100
100
100
87
87
86
86
85
85
36
36
11

-

-

68

58
58
56
56
21
13
1
1
1

Tab le B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions for fu ll-tim e w orkers in B irm ingham , A la ., M arch 1976
Plant workers
Item

Office workers

All
industries

Manu­
facturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public
utilitie s

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

All
industries

Manu­
facturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public
utilitie 8

Wholesale
trade

ALL F U LL -T IM E WO RK ER S -------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

IN E S TA BL IS HM EN TS NOT P R OV ID IN G
PAID VACA TI ON S ---------------------IN E S T A BL IS HM EN TS P R OV ID IN G
PAID V A CA TI ON S ---------------------L E NG TH -O F- Tl ME PA YM EN T ----------P E R C EN TA GE P A YM EN T ---------------OT HE R PA YM EN T ----------------------

2

-

4

-

-

(10)

(10)

-

(lo)

-

-

-

-

98
86
10
2

100
82
16
2

96
91
3
3

100
99
(10)
-

100
100
-

99
89
5
5

99
99
(10)
-

100
99
(10)
“

99
99
*

100
100
-

100
100
•

100
100
•

100
100
•

6 M O NT HS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UN O E R 2 WEEKS -------

7
18
(10)

5
16
-

9
22
(10)

4
28
1

23

15
22
*

5
53
6

7
56
3

A
53
7

52
6

13

1A
13

81
12

1 YEAR OF SERVICE:
UN DE R 1 WEEK --------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UN OE R 2 WEEKS ------2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS ---------------------------

2
76
2
la
1

2
85
3
9
2

1
6A
1
30
(10)

(10)
AS
5
A9
-

75
25
-

3
73
2A
-

(10)
31
(10)
67
(10)
1

(10)
39
2
56
2
1

“
30

29

70

71
-

71
29

“
78
•
22

“
99
*
1

2 YEARS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UN DE R 2 WEEKS ------2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WE EK S ---------------------------

1
51
4
A1
(10)
1

2
65
7
25
2

32
63
1
(10)

21
7A
5
*

36
6A
-

AO
60
-

(10)
11
1
86
(10)
1

(10)
21
5
70
2
1

3 YEARS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WE EK S ------2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 W E E K S -------- --- ---------------

1
17
3
73
2
2

2
15
5
72
3
A

19
76
1
(10)

9
86
5
*

16
8A
*

28
72
“

(10)
3
1
95
(10)
1

(10)
6
5
85
2
1

97

1
17
2
7A

2
15
3
7A
3
A

19
76
1
(10)

9
86
5

16
8A
"

28
72
-

(10)
3
(in)
96
(10)
1

(10)
6
1
89
2
1

2
97
*
1

(10)
99
-

89
-

2
A
1

11

3

19

(10)

-

-

(10)
2
-

1
-

77

78

2

3

76
1

8

8

A

(10)

95
2
”

66
15
*

(10)
5
83
6
5
*

96
A
~

87
5
~

Retail
trade

Finance

PE RC EN T OF WO RK ER S
100

100

AMOUNT OF PA 10 V A CA TI ON A F T E R : 12

A YEARS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------OV ER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ------2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UN DE R 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS --------------------------5 YEARS OF SERVICE:
UNDER 1 W E E K ----- ----- ---- ---1 WEEK ---------------------------OV ER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS --- --2 WE EK S --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WE EK S --------------------------A WE EK S ---------------------------

d

2
1
7

t
t
2

-

(10)
92
5
2
“

See footnotes at end of tables.




18

82

A
11
(10)

1

9
“
90
1

2

1

82

4
13
(10)

20
80

“
22
78
-

“
11
89
*

1

“
(10)
99
*

99

11
89
“

4
96
*
“

11

*
A
96
“

8

1
92
7

99
1

99
1
70

9
21
~

Table B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions for fu ll-tim e w orkers in B irm ingham , A la ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Plant workers
Item

amount

of

paid

vacation

All
industries

Manu­
facturing

6
i
16
2
6h

A
2
10
A
69
2
7
1
2

9
(10)
25
57
2

4

Office workers
Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

(10)
A
89
5
2
-

A1
53
A
2
-

19
26
51
5
•
-

i
do)
20
1
75
1
2
(10)
-

5
do)
10
3
76
2
3
(10)
-

do)
23
7A
do)
£
-

9
(10)
25
57
2

do)
4
89

A1
53

b

4

5
(10)
8
77
3

2
-

1
(lot
13
82
1
3
(10)

do)

2
*

19
26
51
>
5
•
-

-

-

15
83
(10)
2
.
-

(lo)

16
5A

1
(10)
10
65
5
19
(10)
-

5
(10)
1
33
12
A7
1
-

1
(10)
10
25

5
(10)
1
12
76
2
3
(10)
-

Non m a n u ­
facturing

Public
utilitie s

All
industries

Manu­
facturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

13

53
•
A1
1
5
•
_
-

i
18
79
2
•
•
-

•
20

1
•
18
79
2
•
•
-

•
•
.
99
1

_
-

•
•
53
A1
1
5
_
•
-

(10)
12
73
3
12
-

13
7A
.
13
.
.
•
-

.
2A
61
1
15
•
•
•
-

1
18
73
•
8
•
•
•
-

•
•
79

(10)

13
3
77
7
.
-

18
AA
1
31
5
•
-

1
18
2A
51
6
•
•

•
41
•
59
•
•
•
•

Finance

a f t e r 12-

CO NT IN UE D
10 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 ANU UNDER 2 WEEKS ---- —
2 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----A WEEKS --------------------------OVER A ANU UNDER 5 WEEKS -----5 WEEKS --------------------------6 WEEKS --------------------------12 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ------2 WEEKS --------------------------3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS --- --A WEEKS --------------------------OVER < AN l, UNDER S W E E K S -----*
5 WEEKS --------------------------6 WEEKS --------------------------IS YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEtKS -----2 WEEKS --------------------------3 W E E K S ---------- ---------- ----OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS ------A WEEKS --------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS — ---5 WEEKS --------------------------6 WEEKS --------------------------8 WEEKS --------------------------20 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WE E K ---------------------------OVER 1 ANU UNDER 2 WEEKS — ---2 WEEKS --------------------------3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UN DE R A WEEKS ------A WEEKS --------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ------5 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ------6 WEEKS --------------------------7 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 9 WEEKS — - — ---- ------- — -

c
t

b
i
i
6
1
lb
6b

2
8
72

4

-

3
b
i
1

4

7
1
2

4

b

4

i
10
57
IS
1
1
1
1

2
3
62
9
1A
1
2
1
2

9
(10)
19
51
1
15
1
1
-

b
i
10
18
1
SI
2
7
(10)
1
1
1

A
2
3
12
1
64
3
6
2
1
2

b

-

-

62
6
5
2
-

26
-

19
26
36
19
-

9
19
27
1
33
8
1
•

4
16
65
10
5
-

12
3A
A
A8
2
-

19
26
28
17
11
•
•

4

4

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




19

do)

61
(10)
3
do)

-

6

(10)

12
28
(10)
57
3
-

85
.
2
.
_
13
85
.
2

79
1
.
-

•
.
-

7

1A
•
•
•
-

Table B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions fo r fu ll-tim e w orkers in B irm ingham , A la ., M arch 1 9 7 6 — Continued
Plant workers
Item

All
industries

Manu­
facturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Office workers
Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

All
industries

Manu­
facturing

Nonmanu facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

AMOUNT OF PA ID VACA TI ON A F T E R 12CO NTINUEC
25 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK ---------------------------OV ER I AND UNDER 2 WEEKS ------2 WEEKS --------------------------3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UN DE R 4 WEEKS ------4 WEEKS ---------------------- ---OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ------5 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 5 ANU UNDER 6 WEEKS ------6 WEEKS --------------------------7 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 9 WEEKS ---------------------

6
1
10
16
1
36
(10)
21
2
1
1
1

4
2
3
10
1
49
23
2
2
1
2

9
19
24
1
24
1
18
1
_
-

4
13
24
<
♦
49
5
-

12
28
4
50
6
-

19
26
28
15
13
-

i
do)
10
19
(10)
53
1
16

30 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 W E E K --- ----- - - - — — ---------OVER 1 AND UN DE R 2 WEEKS ------2 WEEKS - — — — — — — — — — —
3 WEEKS — — — —
— — — —
OV ER 3 AND UN DE R 4 WEEKS ------4 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 4 AND UN DE R 5 WEEKS ------5 WEEKS --------------------------o v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ------6 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 6 AN0 UN DE R 7 WEEKS ------7 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 9 WEEKS ---------------------

6
i
10
16
1
36
19
1
4
(10)
2
1

4
2
3
10
1
49
16
2

9
19
24
1
18
24
1
-

4
13
4
74
5
*

12
28
4
45
11
*

19
26
28
15
13
-

b
i
10
16
1
36

4
2
3
10
l
49
16
2
7
4
2

12
28
4
45
«
11

19
26
28
15

M A XI MU M V A CA TI ON A V A I L A B L E !
1 WEEK ---------------------------o v e r l a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------2 WEEKS --------------------------3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ------4 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 4 ANO UNDER 5 WEEKS ------5 WEEKS — — — — — — — — —
OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS — ---6 WEEKS --------------------------7 WEEKS ------------------------- —
OVER 9 WEEKS ---------------------

19
1
4
2
1

7

1
3
2

9
19
24
1
18
-

24
1
-

4
13
4
74
5

-

13
-

-

5
(10)
1
11
56
2
22
1
“

(10>
12
21
(10)
52
(10)
15
“

13
2
25
60
-

•
18
41
1
32
7
-

1
18
24
51
6
-

•
•
26
73
1
•
•
.
•
-

1
(10>
10
19
(10)
46
i
22
1
(10)
*

5
(10)
1
11
56
2
17
6
1

(10)
12
21
(10)
44
do)
23
*

13
2
7
•

18
41
1
28
12
-

1
18
24
51
6
-

26
_
70
1
3
•
_
•
-

1
(10)
10
19
(10)
46
(10>
22
1
(10)

5
(10)
1
11
«
56
2
17
6
1

(10>
12
21
(10)
44
23
-

18
41
1
28
•
12
•
-

18
24
51
6
.
-

(10>
*

77

.
-

13
2
7

77
-

'
See footnotes at end of tables.




20

i

26
70
4

Table B -6 .

H e a lth , insurance, and pension plans for fu ll-tim e w o rkers in B irm ingham , A la ., M arch 1976
Plant workers
Item

Office workers

All
industries

Manu­
facturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

loo

100

100

100

Retail
trade

All
industries

Manu­
facturing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL -T IM E WO RK ER S -------------

loo

loo

99

96

99

100

100

99

loo

96
64

94
75

99
61

99
83

100
56

96
31

100
67

45
19

63
42

63
44

63
42

64
63

61
39

62
6

66
54

88

73

86

75

89

95

82

90

99

24
21

74
51

37
18

25
18

56
49

18
11

8
8

50
47

23
9

12
6

95

97

92

100

100

90

93
70

95
81

89
55

91
82

100
53

89
43

ACCIDENTAL d e a t h AND
DI SMEMBERMENT INSURANCE ------------NONCON.TR IBUTORY P L A N S --------------

53
40

56
47

54
31

62
39

69
32

SI CKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OR B 0 T H M ---------------

84

91

74

87

63
49

79
67

40
24

LONG -T ER M DI SABILITY
INSURANCE -- -- -- - -- - -- -- - -- -- - -- -- - -- -- - -- NONC ON TR IB UT OR Y PLANS ---------------

100

loo

LIFE INSURANCE ------------------------N O NC ON TR IB UT UR Y PLANS --------------

SI CKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -NONC ON TR IB UT OR Y PLANS -- - -- -- - -- -- s i c k l e a v e (Fu l l p a y a n d n o
WA IT IN G PERIOD) --- --- --- --- --- --- --- SICK LEAVE (PARTIAL PAY OR
WAITING PERIOD) -- - -- -- - -- -- - -- -- - -- -

100

100

IN E S TA BL IS HM EN TS P R OV ID IN G AT
LEAST ONE OF THF BENEFITS
SHOWN BE L O W 1 3 --------------------------

lb

6

30

33

19

34

58

29

66

36

39

61

98

12

10

16

33

17

11

14

4

17

53

13

20

1

21

17
12

26
19

46
28

42
36

13
12

37
24

33
19

38
25

57
45

50
38

38
5

30
23

IS

HOSP IT AL IZ AT IO N INSURANCE ----------N O N C ON TR IB UT OR Y PLANS --------------

62

97
75

86
43

100
03

100
48

79
30

97
49

95
65

97
46

100
65

100
43

92
16

100
47

SU RGICAL INSURANCE -------------------n o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------------

92
62

97
75

86
43

100
63

100
48

79
30

97
49

95
65

97
46

100
65

100
43

92
16

100
47

MEDICAL INSURANCE --------------------N O NC ON TR IB UT OR Y PLANS --------------

87
60

92
74

81
41

100
63

96
44

72
30

92
49

95
65

92
45

100
65

98
41

79
16

93
47

MAJOR ME DI CA L INSURANCE -------------N O NC ON TR IB UT OR Y PLANS --------------

85
56

88
69

81
39

95
58

97
46

74
30

96
49

92
59

97
46

100
65

100
36

64
16

100
47

DE NT AL INSURANCE ---------------------N O NC ON TR IB UT OR Y PLANS --------------

25
21

34
30

14
9

27
27

5
5

11
2

11
9

33
31

5
4

17
16

4
4

3
1

“

R E T I RE ME NT PE NS IO N -------------------N O N C ON TR IB UT OR Y PLANS --------------

68
61

80
73

53
45

61
ol

69
64

49
36

72
63

76
72

71
61

70
70

71
56

35
23

87
78

92

See footnotes at end of tables.




21

Footnotes
9
L e s s than 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t .
10 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
11
A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l and h a l f d a y s th at add to the s a m e a m o u n t
a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f
10 d a y s i n c l u d e s t h o s e w ith 10 f u ll d a y s and no h a l f d a y s , 9 fu ll d a y s and
2 h a l f d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s and 4 h a l f d a y s , and s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th en w e r e
cum ulated.
12 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h as p e r c e n t a g e
o f annual e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u i v a l e n t t i m e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s
pay.
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and d o not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
i n d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s
at 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a tes are cu m u ­
lative.
T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r 10 y e a r s
i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
13 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r all p la n s f o r w h i c h
at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e
by
th e e m p l o y e r .
"N on con trib u tory
pla n s"
i n c l u d e o n l y t h o s e f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r .
E xcluded
a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h as w o r k e r s d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
14 U n d u p l i c a t e d to t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and
a ccid e n t in su ra n ce shown s e p a ra te ly b e lo w .
S i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y
th at e a c h e m p l o y e e c a n e x p e c t .
In form al s ic k le a v e allow an ces d e te rm in e d
o n an i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .

A l l o f t h e s e s t a n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y not a pp ly to th is b u l l e t i n .

1
S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g ­
u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y
hours.
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f all
w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ia n d esig n a tes
p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e m o r e and h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the
rate shown.
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e is d e f i n e d b y tw o r a t e s o f p a y : a f o u r t h o f
the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e
than the h i g h e r r a t e .
3
E a r n i n g s d a t a r e l a t e o n l y to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x i d e n t i f i c a t i o n w a s
p r o v i d e d b y the e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f t s .
5
F o r m a lly e sta b lish ed m in im u m regu la r stra ig h t-tim e hiring s a la rie s
that a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
6
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h as m e s s e n g e r .
7
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r
the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
8
I n c l u d e s all p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g
la te s h i f t s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r l a t e s h i f t s ,
e v e n th ou gh the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la te s h i f t s .




22

Appendix A
a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s da ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and
d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , a r e
n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h da t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta. S e p a r a t e
m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n i n g s da ta a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d w h e n the n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s not i d e n t i f i e d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n
i d e n t i f i e d in an o c c u p a t i o n . E a r n i n g s da ta n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in da ta f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
L i k e w i s e , data
a r e i n c l u d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c ­
t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r in fo r m a tio n
t o s u b c l a s s i f y i s not a v a i l a b l e .

A r e a w a g e and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s data a r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In e a c h o f th e i n t e r v e n ­
in g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n o n e m p l o y m e n t and o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d
b y a c o m b i n a t i o n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and t e l e p h o n e i n t e r ­
v i e w f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g in t h e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f th e 8 4 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , da ta a r e o b t a i n e d
f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h olesale trad e;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v i c e s . M a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t i o n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablish m en ts
h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e o f
i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d . S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n
criteria .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s h o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d t o w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e . E a r n i n g s data
e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s
and i n c e n t i v e b o n u s e s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W e e k l y h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s
r e f e r to th e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k
( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r
p r e m iu m ra te s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in gs fo r th ese occu pa tion s are rounded
t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

These surveys
a re con d u cte d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
The sam pling
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the
s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m t h is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e i s s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h
e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o o b t a i n o p t i m u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e th an s m a l l e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d . W h e n data a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d
a c c o r d i n g t o it s p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o that u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e
g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p l e , i f o n e out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it is
g i v e n a w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f
th e s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a t i o n i f da t a a r e n o t a v a i l a b l e f r o m th e o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
I f no
s u i t a b l e s u b s t i t u t e is a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t i s a s s i g n e d to a s a m p l e
m e m b e r th at i s s i m i l a r t o th e m i s s i n g unit.
O c c u p a t i o n s and e a r n i n g s
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu dy a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y o f m a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g t y p e s : (1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n t e n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p t a n t ; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l .
O ccupational
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s ‘ d e s i g n e d to
t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b .
O c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B .
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , th e e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r *

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in .an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in dividual o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e ch a n g e s.
The a v e r a g e s f o r individual
j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p l e ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h igh- o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y change,
o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e t o b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w
w o r k e r s at l o w e r
rates.
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e
w a g e s d u r in g th e y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in
t a b l e A - 7, a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n a r e e a r n i n g s c h a n g e s f o r
i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e earn ings r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s tim a te s . Industries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and thus c o n t r i b u t e
d i f f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s
s h o u l d n ot b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in
* Personal visits were on a 2-year cy cle before July 1972.
in divid ual e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s
2
Included in the 84 areas are 14 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,i n c l u d e
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s ( o n ly th e r a t e s p a id
Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y .—Pa. ; Birmingham, A la .; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and West Palm
i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s .w ith in the
Beach—Boca Raton, Fla. ; Lexington—Fayette, Ky.; Melbourne—Titusville—Cocoa, Fla.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N. Y . ; Raleigh—
in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in in d i v i d u a l
Durham, N .C .; Stamford, Conn.; Syracuse, N .Y .; Utica—Rome, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in
addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request of the
s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .
Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




23

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t t h e to t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y and not the n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e ca u se o ccu p a tion a l stru ctu re s am ong e sta b lish m en ts d iffe r, estim a tes of
o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d
s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f
th e e a r n i n g s data.

Percent
as f o l l o w s :

changes

f o r in dividual a r e a s

in th e p r o g r a m

are

1.

E a c h o c c u p a t i o n is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d o n its p r o ­
p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p in the
base year.

2.

T h e s e w e i g h t s a r e u s e d to c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t i o n ' s a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s is m u l t i p l i e d
b y it s w e i g h t . T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a l e d to o b t a i n a g r o u p
average.

3.

T h e r a t i o o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
c o m p u t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a v e r a g e f o r th e c u r r e n t y e a r
b y t h e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The result—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 i s th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

W age tren d s fo r s e le cte d o ccu p a tion a l groups
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d o n c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g th e t r e n d j o b s in b o t h
th e c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r ( m a t c h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e da t a a r e
a d j u s t e d t o r e m o v e th e e f f e c t o n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y m e n t s h if t s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n c l u d e d in s u r v e y
sam p les.
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a re still a ffe cte d b y fa c t o r s
o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t i o n w h e n w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d e r p la n s
p r o v i d i n g a r a n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s . In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , n e w e m p l o y e e s e n t e r at t h e b o t t o m o f th e r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e w ith o u t a c h a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .

com puted

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d to c o m p u t e
th e s e w age t r e n d s , se e "I m p r o v in g A r e a W age S u rv e y I n d e x e s ," M on th ly
L a b o r R e v i e w , J a p u a r y 1 9 7 3, p p . 5 2 - 5 7 .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s

T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d
dates.
W h e n th e t i m e sp a n b e t w e e n s u r v e y s
is o t h e r th an 12 m o n t h s ,
ann ua l r a t e s a r e s h o w n .
(It i s a s s u m e d th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s t a n t
r a te b e t w e e n s u r v e y s . )

T h e i n c i d e n c e o f s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s i s s t u d i e d f o r p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
P la n t
w o r k e r s i n c l u d e n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s and w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s e n g a g e d in
n on office fun ction s.
( C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e w o r k e r s a r e e x c l u d e d
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s . )
O ffice w o rk e rs
i n c l u d e n o n s upe r v i s o r y w o r k e r s and w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s
p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r re la ted fun ction s.
L e a d w o r k e r s and t r a i n e e s a r e
in clu d ed am ong n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s and c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s u t i l i z e d as s e p a r a t e w o r k
f o r c e s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m b o t h th e pla n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r i e s .

O ccu p a tion s u sed to com pu te w age tren d s a re :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n and
w om en ):
S ecreta ries
Stenographers, general
S ten ograp h ers, sen ior
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
F ile cle rk s , cla sse s A,
B , and C
M es sengers
O rd er clerk s, cla sses A
and B
A ccou ntin g c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ook k eep in g-m a ch in e
o p e r a to r s , class B
P a y r o ll clerk s
Keypunch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T abulating-m achin e
o p e r a to r s , cla ss B

E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g
( m e n and w o m e n ) :
C om puter system s
an a lysts, c la s s e s
A , B , and C




E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g
( m e n and w o m e n ) —
C o n t in u e d
Com puter p r o g ra m m e rs ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
Com puter o p erators,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s ( ta b le B - l ) . M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e o n l y to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the
o p t i m u m s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d and th e p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s t o h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e
r a t e s a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , th e t a b l e i s m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n and
w om en ):
R e g is t e r e d in du stria l
nurses

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s — m a n u f a c t u r i n g ( t a b le B - 2 ) .
D a ta w e r e c o l l e c t e d
on p o l i c i e s o f m a n u fa ctu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n ts re g a r d in g pay d iffe re n tia ls f o r
pla n t w o r k e r s on l a t e s h i f t s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s c o n s i d e r e d as h avin g p o l i c i e s
a r e t h o s e w h i c h (1) h a v e p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t i n g c o v e r i n g the o p e r a t i o n o f la te
s h i f t s , o r (2) h a v e o p e r a t e d la te s h i f t s at any t i m e d u r in g the 12 m o n t h s
p reced in g a survey.
W hen e s ta b lis h m e n ts have s e v e r a l diffe re n tia ls w hich
v a r y b y j o b , th e d i f f e r e n t i a l a p p ly in g t o t h e m a j o r i t y o f th e plant w o r k e r s is
r e c o r d e d . W h e n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v e d i f f e r e n t i a l s w h i c h a p p ly o n l y to c e r t a i n
h o u r s o f w o r k , th e d i f f e r e n t i a l a p p ly in g t o th e m a j o r i t y o f th e s hif t h o u r s is
recorded.

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en
and w o m e n ) :
C arpenters
E lectrician s
P a i n t e rs
M ach inists
M e ch a n ics (m ach in ery )
M ech an ics (m otor veh icle)
P i p e f i t t e rs
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

F o r p u r p o s e s o f t h is s t u d y , a l a t e s h if t i s e i t h e r a s e c o n d ( e v e n i n g )
s h if t w h i c h e n d s at o r n e a r m i d n i g h t o r a t h i r d (nig h t) s h if t w h i c h s t a r t s at o r
n e a r m idnight.

U n s k i l l e d p la n t ( m e n and
w om en ):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
clean ers
M a t e r i a l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s

D i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r s e c o n d and t h i r d s h i f t s a r e s u m m a r i z e d s e p a r a t e l y
f o r (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d b y

24

a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t at th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y ) and (2)
e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d b y pla n t
w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d o n th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift at th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y ) .

w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r h a s c o n t r i b u t e d , o r (3) b o r n e d i r e c t l y b y th e e m p l o y e r
o u t o f o p e r a t i n g f un ds o r a fund s e t a s i d e t o c o v e r the c o s t .
A p la n is
i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h a m a j o r i t y o f th e e m p l o y e e s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t do not
c h o o s e t o p a r t i c i p a t e in it b e c a u s e t h e y a r e r e q u i r e d t o b e a r p a r t o f its c o s t
( p r o v i d e d th e c h o i c e t o p a r t i c i p a t e is a v a i l a b l e o r w i l l e v e n t u a l l y b e c o m e
a v a i l a b l e to a m a j o r i t y ) .
L e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s s u c h as s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a i l ­
r o a d r e t i r e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a t i o n , and t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y
in su ra n ce 3 are exclu ded.

S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ; p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a l t h ,
i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s .
P r o v i s i o n s w h i c h a p p l y to a m a j o r i t y o f the
pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e c o n s i d e r e d to a p p l y to a ll
pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t ; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n is
c o n s i d e r e d n o n e x i s t e n t w h e n it a p p l i e s to l e s s than a m a j o r i t y .
H olidays;
v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a p p l i c a b l e
to e m p l o y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r th e b e n e f i t s as w e l l as to e m p l o y e e s w ho
w ill even tu ally b e c o m e e lig ib le .

through

(usually
w orker.

A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h and d i s m e m b e r m e n t is l i m i t e d to p la n s w h i c h
p r o v i d e b e n e f i t p a y m e n t s in c a s e o f d e a t h o r l o s s o f l i m b o r sigh t as a
d i r e c t r e s u l t o f an a c c i d e n t .

S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s
( ta b le B - 3 ) . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y
h o u r s and da y s r e f e r to th e n u m b e r o f h o u r s and d a y s p e r w e e k w h i c h f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t ( d a y ) s h if t w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r p a i d f o r at
stra ig h t-tim e o r o v e r tim e rates.

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s o n l y t h o s e p la n s w h i c h
p r o v i d e that p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s b e m a d e d i r e c t l y to e m p l o y e e s
w h o l o s e t i m e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s o r i n j u r y , e . g . , $ 50 a w e e k f o r
up to 26 w e e k s o f d i s a b i l i t y .

P a id h olidays
(ta b le B - 4 ) .
H olidays
a re in clu d ed o n ly i f they
a r e g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ( p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m o r
e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m ) and e m p l o y e e s a r e p a i d f o r th e t i m e o f f .
They are
i n c l u d e d e v e n t h o u g h in a p a r t i c u l a r y e a r t h e y f a l l on a n o n w o r k d a y and
e m p l o y e e s a r e not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .

S i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f o r
c o n t in u in g an e m p l o y e e ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
D a ta c o l l e c t e d d i s t i n g u i s h b e t w e e n (1) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u ll pa y w ith no
w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s w h i c h e i t h e r p r o v i d e p a r t i a l p a y o r r e q u i r e a
w aiting p e r io d .

D ata a r e t a b u l a t e d to s h o w th e p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s w h o (1) a r e g r a n t e d
s p e c i f i c n u m b e r s o f w h o l e and h a l f h o l i d a y s and (2) a r e g r a n t e d s p e c i f i e d
a m o u n t s o f t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e ( w h o le and h a l f h o l i d a y s a r e a g g r e g a t e d ) .

L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s to to t a l l y
d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s upon th e e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r p a i d s i c k l e a v e a n d / o r s i c k ­
n e s s and a 'c cid e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f d i s a b i l i t y
(typ ica lly 6 m on th s).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e until the en d o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a
m a x im u m age, o r elig ib ility fo r re tirem en t benefits.
F u ll o r p a r t i a l p a y ­
m en ts a re a lm o s t alw ays r e d u c e d b y s o c ia l s e c u r it y , w o r k e r s ' d isa b ility
c o m p e n s a t i o n , and p r i v a t e p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s p a y a b l e to the d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s (ta b le B - 5 ) .
E stablish m en ts rep ort th eir m ethod of
c a l c u l a t i n g v a c a t i o n p a y ( t im e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s , f l a t - s u m
p a y m e n t , e t c . ) and th e a m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y g r a n t e d .
O nly b a s ic fo r m a l
p l a n s a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a t i o n b o n u s e s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s , and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s a r e e x c l u d e d .

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e p la n s
reported
in t h e s e s u r v e y s p r o v i d e f u l l o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t f o r b a s i c s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .

3 Tem porary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not w ork-connected is mandatory under S tate laws in C alifo rn ia, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishm ent plans which m eet only the le g al requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) em ployers contribute more than is leg ally required or (2) benefits ex ceed those specified in the
S tate
law are included.
In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only em ployees
contribute. In each of the other three S tates, benefits are paid either from
a S tate fund or through a private plan:

F o r ta b u la t in g v a c a t i o n p a y g r a n t e d , a ll p r o v i s i o n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a tim e b a s i s .
V a c a t i o n p a y c a l c u l a t e d on o t h e r th an a t i m e b a s i s is
c o n v e r t e d to it s e q u i v a l e n t t i m e p e r i o d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s ,
f o r e x a m p l e , is t a b u l a t e d as 1 w e e k ' s v a c a t i o n p a y .

S tate fund financing: In C alifo rn ia, only em ployees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey, em ployees
and em ployers contribute; in New Y ork, em ployees contribute up to a sp ecified m axim um and em ployers
pay the difference between the em ployees' share and the total contribution required.

A l s o , p r o v i s i o n s a f t e r e a c h s p e c i f i e d le n g th o f s e r v i c e a r e r e l a t e d
to a ll pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f l e n g th o f
s e r v i c e . V a c a t i o n p la n s c o m m o n l y p r o v i d e f o r l a r g e r a m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n pa y
as s e r v i c e l e n g t h e n s . C o u n ts o f pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s b y l e n g t h o f s e r v i c e
w e r e not o b t a i n e d . T h e t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n p a y g r a n t e d p r e s e n t s , t h e r e ­
f o r e , s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e s o f t h e s e p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than p r o p o r t i o n s o f
w o r k e r s actu ally r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b en e fits.

Private plan financing: In C alifo rn ia and New Jersey, em ployees cannot be required to contribute more
than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, em ployees can agree to contribute
more if the S tate rules that the addition al contribution is com m ensurate with the benefit provided.
Fed eral leg islatio n (R ailro ad Unem ploym ent Insurance A ct) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether w ork-connected or not. The legislatio n requires that em ployers
b ear the entire cost of the insurance.
4 An establishm ent is considered as having a form al plan if it sp ecifics at least the minim um number of
days o f sick le a v e a v a ila b le to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written, but inform al sick leave
allow ances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.

H e a l th , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) . H e a l th , i n s u r a n c e ,
and p e n s i o n p la n s i n c l u d e p la n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s e i t h e r a ll o r
p a r t o f th e c o s t .
T h e c o s t m a y b e (1) u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l
i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) c o v e r e d b y a u nio n fund to




L i f e i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s f o r m a l p la n s p r o v i d i n g i n d e m n i t y
an i n s u r a n c e p o l i c y ) in c a s e o f d e a t h o f th e c o v e r e d

25

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e c o v e r s h o s p i t a l r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
oth er h osp ita l e x p e n s e s . S u r g ic a l in su ra n c e c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' fe e s . M e d ica l
in su rance c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' fe e s fo r h o m e , o f fi c e , o r h ospital ca lls.
Plan s
r e s tr ic te d to p o s t -o p e r a tiv e m e d ic a l ca re o r a d o c t o r 's
care for m inor
a i l m e n t s at a w o r k e r ' s p l a c e o f e m p l o y m e n t a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to b e
m e d ic a l in su ra n c e .

"d e d u c tib le " (e .g ., $ 5 0 ) be m et b e fo r e benefit
b e g i n , (2) h as a c o i n s u r a n c e
f e a t u r e that r e q u i r e s th e i n s u r e d t o p a y a p o r t i o n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s , and (3) has a s p e c i f i e d c o l l a r m a x i m u m o f b e n e f i t s ( e . g . ,
$ 10, 0 00 a y e a r ) .

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e c o v e r a g e a p p l i e s to s e r v i c e s w h i c h go
b e y o n d the b a s i c s e r v i c e s
c o v e r e d u n d e r h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and
m e d ic a l in su ra n c e .
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e t y p i c a l l y (1) r e q u i r e s that a

R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s p r o v i d e f o r r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s to th e r e t i r e e
fo r life.
I n c l u d e d a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e th e o p t i o n
o f p u r c h a s i n g a l i f e t i m e ann uity.




D e n t a l i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v i d e n o r m a l d e n t a l s e r v i c e b e n e f i t s ,
u s u a l l y f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
P lan s w hich p r o v id e benefits
o n l y f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a i r i n g a c c i d e n t d a m a g e a r e not r e p o r t e d .

26

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Birmingham, Ala.,' March 1976
N u m b er o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l is h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

I n d u s try d i v i s i o n 2

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e o f stu d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

Studied
T o ta l4

S tudied
N u m b er

ALL D I V I S I O N S --- ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------TR AN SPORTATION, CO MM UNICATION, AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ---------------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE -------- ---- ------------------RETAIL TRADE --------- — -----------------------FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND HEAL ESTATE 6 -------SERVICES 8 ------------------ ---------------------

.

P ercen t

F u ll - t im e
p la n t w o r k e r s

F u ll - t im e
o ffic e w o rk e rs

T o t a l4

174

134,284

100

78,357

23 ,0 34

81,055

50
”

224
409

55
119

57,509
76,775

43
57

45,328
33,029

4,491
18,543

34,161
46 ,894

50
50
50
50
50

50
96
141
52
70

18
22
35
17
27

18,696
9,340
26,621
11,794
10,324

14
7
20
9
8

7,409
5,438
15,186

4,065
1,594
3,442
7,535
<’ >

14,491
3,468
14,234
8,089
6,612

633

7 360

<’)

1 T h e B ir m in g h a m Sta nda rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O ffi c e o f M a n a g em en t and B u d get th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 4 , c o n s is t s o f J e f f e r s o n , St. C l a i r , S h e lb y , and W a lk e r C o u n tie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t im a t e s show n in th is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s tim a t e s a r e not
in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , fo r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r le v e l s s in c e (1) pla n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in
a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e Sta n da rd I n d u s tr ia l C l a s s if ic a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 I n clu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s s u c h as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and
m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n clu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, p a r t - t i m e , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s e p a r a t e plant and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d t o " p u b lic u t il it i e s " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n a r e e x c lu d e d .
A n u m b e r o f e l e c t r i c u t ilit ie s su p p ly in g l e s s than h a lf
th e e l e c t r i c c o n s u m p tio n w e r e p u b lic ly ow n ed and e x c lu d e d b y d e fin itio n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y.
6 A b b r e v ia t e d to " f i n a n c e " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
7 E s tim a t e r e la t e s to r e a l e s ta te e s t a b lis h m e n t s o n ly .
W o r k e r s f r o m th e e n t ir e in d u s tr y d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , but f r o m th e r e a l e s ta te p o r t io n o n ly in " a ll in d u s t r y "
and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " e s t im a t e s in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
8 H o t e ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a rk in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
9 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , and f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n o f da ta is
not m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t is t o o s m a ll t o p r o v id e enough da ta to m e r it s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2) th e sa m p le w a s not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly t o p e r m it s e p a r a te
p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d eq u a te to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e
T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n sh ow s th e p e r c e n t o f fu l l- t im e plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the B ir m in g h a m a r e a in w h ic h a u n ion c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s
c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the w o r k e r s in th e r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , M a r c h 1976:
P la n t w o r k e r s

I n d u s tria l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa ctu rin g
A l l in d u s t r ie s _________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____
N on m a n u f a ctu r ing__
P u b lic u t il it i e s ..
W h o le s a le t r a d e
R e t a il t r a d e _____
F in a n c e _________

A l m o s t o n e - h a l f o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e B ir m in g h a m
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u str y
a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g f i r m s ,
g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g :
S p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s

In d u s try g r o u p s
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r ie s ________43
F a b r ic a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ______ 13
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t s ______ 10

Transportation equipment_____

5

B la s t fu r n a c e and b a s ic
s t e e l p r o d u c t s ________________
Iro n and s t e e l fo u n d r i e s ______
F a b r ic a t e d s t r u c t u r a l
m e t a l p r o d u c t s _______________

O ffic e w o r k e r s
13
21
12
53
-

A n e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d t o h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r in g a ll plant o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s if a m a jo r it y o f su c h w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d b y a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e f o r e , a ll o t h e r plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that e it h e r d o
not h a ve la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s that a pply to fe w e r than h a lf
o f t h e ir pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s tim a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n ta t iv e o f th e extent
t o w h ic h a ll w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y th e p r o v is i o n s o f la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d and th e in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f the
s u r v e y is li m it e d .

27
16
8

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d b e f o r e a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u lt s o f th e s u r v e y a s show n in a p p en d ix ta b le 1.




57
72
36
93
51
10

27




Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s is t o a s s i s t it s
f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l
t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t t o e s t a b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is
p e r m i t s th e g r o u p i n g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is
e m p h a s i s o n i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u ' s j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s . In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u ' s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d t o e x c l u d e
w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and h a n d i c a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y ,
and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to o n e i n d i v i d u a l . M a i n ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o t h e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f
th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y i n d e p e n d e n t l y r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g u i d a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s ,
u s u a l l y i n c l u d i n g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
answ ers
persons;

d.

e. R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;

a. R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , and r o u t e s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s to th e p r o p e r
b.

c.
in structed;

E stablish es,




f.

m a i n t a i n s , and r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ;

M a in t a in s th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s

c a l e n d a r and m a k e s

appointm en ts

R e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ;

P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c and t y p in g w o r k .

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e
n a t u r e and d i f f i c u l t y . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u tin e
and u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

as

B e g i n n i n g w ith c a l e n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , th e B u r e a u has g r o u p e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d in it s
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s in to j o b f a m i l i e s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n o n r e l a t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in s e q u e n c e .
J o b f a m i l i e s h a v e not b e e n t i t l e d , h o w e v e r , s i n c e d o in g s o m i g h t h a v e a d d e d e x t r a n e o u s e l e m e n t s to th e
jo b m atching p r o c e s s .
T h e B u r e a u has a l s o r e v i s e d s e v e r a l o c c u p a t i o n a l t i t l e s .
u s u a l w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f th e s u r v e y j o b s .

The r e v is e d titles m o r e n e a r ly re fle ct

R e v i s e d o c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s a r e b e i n g i n t r o d u c e d t h is y e a r f o r : O r d e r c l e r k ; p a y r o l l c l e r k ;
s w itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r ; s w itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t ; t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h i n e ty p ist (p r e v io u s ly titled
t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r ) ; m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r . T h e y a r e th e
r e s u l t o f the B u r e a u ' s p o l i c y o f p e r i o d i c a l l y r e v i e w i n g a r e a w a g e s u r v e y o c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s in
o r d e r to ta k e in to a c c o u n t t e c h n o l o g i c a l d e v e l o p m e n t s and t o c l a r i f y d e s c r i p t i o n s s o th at t h e y a r e m o r e
r e a d i l y u n d e r s t o o d and u n i f o r m l y i n t e r p r e t e d . E v e n th o u g h th e r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n s r e f l e c t b a s i c a l l y th e
s a m e o c c u p a t i o n s as p r e v i o u s l y d e f i n e d , s o m e r e p o r t i n g c h a n g e s m a y o c c u r b e c a u s e o f th e r e v i s i o n s .

29

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRETARY— Continued

E xclu sion s

N o t a ll
ch a ra cteristics.
a r e as f o l l o w s :

p o s i t i o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e
E x a m p le s o f p o s it io n s w h ich a re e x c lu d e d f r o m the defin ition

a. P o s i t i o n s
d e scrib e d above;
b.

w hich

do not

m e e t th e

"p erson a l"

secretary

concept

4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p l a n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

of p r o ­

5. S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d o f a l a r g e and i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t
o f t e n i n v o l v i n g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y th at
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e d u t i e s ;

c . S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e
fe ssio n a l, tech n ical, o r m a n a geria l p e r so n s;
d. S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s
m o r e r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y
c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f i n i t i o n ;

assistants

in w h i c h th e d u t ie s
m o r e c o m p l e x and

to a g r o u p

3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w t h e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e ith e r a m a j o r co r p o r a te w id e fun ction al a ctivity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o>r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r th an 2 5 , 000 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

a r e eith e r su bstan tially
r e s p o n s i b l e th an t h o s e

C lass C
1. S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u i v a l e n t t o o n e o f t h e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in th e d e f i n i t i o n
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a l l y d i v i d e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t s w h i c h
a r e o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l i n ­
c l u d e s a w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r

e. A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h i c h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e
resp on sib le tech n ica l, ad m in istra tive, s u p e rv is o ry , o r s p e cia liz e d c le r ic a l
d u t ie s w h i c h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s
fo llo w in g ” r e f e r s to th o s e o f fi c i a l s w ho have a s ign ifican t co r p o r a te w id e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w it h r e g a r d t o m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t in a ll c a s e s
i d e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
act p e r s o n a lly on in d ivid u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p ro v e o r deny
in dividual loan o r c r e d it a ctio n s ; a d m in is t e r in d ivid u a l tr u st a c c o u n t s; d ir e c t ly
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C lass A
1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but
f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 25 ,00 0 p e r s o n s .

C lass B
1. S e c r e t a r y to t h e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f an i n d i v i d u a l p l a n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o t h e r e a u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0
persons.
C lass D
1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; c>r

o f a s m a ll orga n iza tion a l

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m ­
p lo y e e , a dm in istra tive o f f ic e r , o r a s sista n t, s k ille d tech n icia n , o r exp ert.
(N O TE :
M a n y c o m p a n i e s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y du ty i s to t a k e d i c t a t i o n u s i n g s h o r t h a n d , and t o t r a n s c r i b e
th e d i c t a t i o n .
M ay a lso type f r o m w ritte n co p y .
M ay operate f r o m a
sten ogra ph ic p ool.
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s (if
p r i m a r y du ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
Typist).
N O T E : T h i s j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m th at o f a s e c r e t a r y in th at a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith o n l y o n e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .
Stenographer, G eneral

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r
th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




keep

30

D ictation in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y . M ay m ain tain f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly rou tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

FILE CLERK— Continued
C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s if i e d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le
( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
As req u ested ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l
s u c h as in le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c
and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

or
s p e c i a l i z e d v o ca b u la ry r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up

OR
C la s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r i a l that h as a lr e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
sy ste m
( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r ic a l) .
A s req u ested ,
lo c a t e s r e a d il y a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u ir e d t o m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g
s ig n ific a n t l y g r e a t e r i n ­
d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y
th e fo llo w in g :
W o r k r e q u ir e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and
a c c u r a c y ; a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u r e ; and o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t i o n , p o l i c i e s ,
p rocedu res, f i l e s ,
w o r k f lo w , e t c .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m in g
s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s an d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s
s u c h a s m a in ta in in g
fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ;
c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g and ro u tin g
in c o m in g m a il ; and a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

M ESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u tie s s u c h as ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s s u c h as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s it io n s th at r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s ig n ific a n t du ty.

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r i m a r y d u ty is to ty p e c o p y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d ic t a t io n w h ic h d o e s
n o t in v o lv e v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y s u c h as th at u s e d in
le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n
c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t iv e ly
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
(S ee S t e n o g r a p h e r d e fin it io n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith s h o r th a n d d ic t a t io n .)

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u se d w ith a p r iv a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u t g o in g , and in t r a s y s t e m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s id e s o p e r a t in g a te le p h o n e
s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a j o r p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's
t i m e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at th e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) . C h ie f o r
le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a ls o a c ts as a r e c e p t io n is t , s e e S w it c h b o a r d
O p e r a to r -R e c e p tio n is t.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e
out b i l l s a ft e r c a lc u la t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M ay in ­
clu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r ia ls f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g
processes.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a in in g , s u c h as
k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d is t r ib u t in g
in c o m in g m a il .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in f in a l f o r m w h en it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and b a la n c e in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to su it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w o r k in v o lv e s
b u s in e s s and
p r ia t e p e r s o n
a r r a n g in g an

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m
r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .;
o r s e tt in g up s im p le s ta n d a r d ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s w r it t e n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s
s o m e c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g d u t ie s : Q u o tin g p r i c e s ; d e t e r m in in g a v a i l a ­
b ilit y o f o r d e r e d it e m s a nd s u g g e s tin g s u b s titu te s w h en n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y d a te and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
in fo r m a t io n on o r d e r s h e e t s ;
c h e c k in g o r d e r s h e e t s f o r a c c u r a c y and
a d e q u a c y o f in fo r m a t io n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a in in g c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r ;
f u r n is h in g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o llo w in g - u p
to s e e th a t o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d b y th e s p e c i f i e d da te o r to le t c u s t o m e r k n ow
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k in g sh ip p in g in v o ic e
a g a in s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s i s o f th e f o llo w in g d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l s u ch a s c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b lis h e d f ilin g s y s t e m
c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a te r ia l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .




s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c ts b o th as
s e e S w it c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p t i o n i s t 's
s u c h d u tie s as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m in in g n a tu r e o f v i s i t o r 's
p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in th e o r g a n iz a t i o n o r c o n ta c t in g th at p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and
a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

31

ORDER CLERK— Continued

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p a id on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e d u tie s in c lu d e
any o f th e f o l l o w i n g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r th a n f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v id in g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u lt a t iv e a d v ic e u sin g k n o w le d g e
g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e r in g o r e x t e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l t r a i n in g ; e m p h a s iz in g s e llin g
s k i l l s ; h a n d lin g m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in t e g r a l p a r t o f th e jo b .

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .

P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

th e

C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y h a n d .

fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
H a n d le s o r d e r s th a t in v o lv e m a k in g ju d g m e n ts s u c h as
c h o o s in g w h ic h s p e c i f i c p r o d u c t o r m a t e r i a l f r o m th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's p r o d u c t
lin e s w i l l s a t is f y th e c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e t e r m in in g th e p r i c e t o b e q u o te d
w h e n p r i c i n g i n v o lv e s m o r e th a n m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g t o a p r i c e l i s t o r m a k in g
s o m e s im p le m a t h e m a t ic a l c a lc u la t io n s .

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t i n ­
c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g
d ep a rtm e n t.

C la s s B . H a n d le s o r d e r s in v o lv in g it e m s w h ic h h av e r e a d ily id e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s and a p p lic a t io n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a t a lo g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m a n u a l,
o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t to in s u r e th a t p r o p e r it e m is s u p p lie d o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d it e m .

M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o t h e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l to b illin g
o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , as f o l l o w s :

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l ta s k s s u c h as p o s t in g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r if y in g th e in t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r if y in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g ,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s i s t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .

B il l i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a c h in e ( c o m b in a t io n
ty p in g and a d d in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n ot b e c o m p u t e d o n
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e d b y
m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly i n v o lv e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f
th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d o n e o n a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e ­
c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a c c o u n t in g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e
w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is n ot r e q u ir e d to h a v e a
k n o w le d g e o f th e f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g .
P o s itio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on

th e b a s is

of

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r
w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f th e
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a l ly i n v o lv e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n tr y o f
f ig u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s
f ig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a lly p r in t s
a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W ork s fro m
u n if o r m
and s ta n d a r d ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s lip s .

th e fo llo w in g

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n t in g t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g a m o n g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th o u g h p r e v io u s a c c o u n t in g a c t io n s
to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay be a s s is te d b y one o r m o r e
c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

P A Y R O LL CLERK
P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l t a s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; a d ju s tin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r c h a n g e s
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s , o r ta x d e d u c t io n s ; e d itin g p a y r o l l
lis t in g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t in g in p r e p a r a t io n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a n o n a u to m a te d p a y r o l l s y s t e m , c o m p u t e s w a g e s . W o r k m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t i c a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u la t io n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r th e
co m p u te r s y s te m fo r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .

C la s s B .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s
and s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s
one o r m o r e
ro u tin e a c c o u n t in g
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s t in g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
id e n t i fic a t io n o f it e m s a nd lo c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k ­
ing a c c u r a c y -and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d a nd r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r
a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t ­
in g c o d e s .




32

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n ch m a c h in e t o r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e t ic a n d / o r
n u m e r ic da ta o n ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .

f r o m th is d e fin it io n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s . A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s
o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e e q u ip m e n t.

P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on th e

b a s is

of

P o s it io n s
d e fin itio n s .

th e fo llo w in g

c la s s ifie d

in to le v e l s

o n the

b a s is

of

th e fo llo w in g

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s
in c lu d in g d e v is in g d if f ic u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e a v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h
o ft e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a tu r e
and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a in in g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s o r tr a in in g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e p o s it io n s in w h ic h w ir in g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l im it e d to s e l e c t i o n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o llo w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g it e m s to b e k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e
d ocu m en ts.
O n o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e ro u tin e k e y p u n c h w o r k .
M a y t r a in i n e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W o r k is r o u tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s ta n d ­
a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o llo w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a ta to b e r e c o r d e d .
R e fe r s to s u ­
p e r v is o r p r o b le m s
a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s in g
in fo r m a t io n .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t io n s .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e c o m p le t e but
r o u tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u l t ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h as
th e t a b u la t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s u s e d b y
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n n e w e m p lo y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s .
C la s s C . U n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r
e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h as th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g
p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k u n it,
f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g r u n s , o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t io n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s im p le w ir in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e f ilin g w o r k .

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

c u la t o r ,

are

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u la t o r , c a l ­
c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , e t c .
E x c lu d e d

PRO FESSIO NAL A N D TEC H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN ESS

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u to m a te d and id e n t i fie s c o n d it io n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ; o u tlin e s a c t io n s to b e
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g ( t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f
w o r k and d a ta flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n e w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f th is is th e s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on
c o m p le x p r o b l e m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t d a ta and m u lt ip le - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts o f ou tpu t d a ta .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s
am in t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n
s c h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e fu ll
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in itia t e d b y th e
c o m p u t e r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e im p lic a t io n s o f n e w o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l
w ho a re a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

to

lo w e r le v e l

sy ste m s

a n a ly s ts

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o n
p r o b l e m s th a t a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m i t e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t da ta
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e ou tp u t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,

D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r sy ste m s
a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g
p r o b le m s .




d ir e c tio n

33

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g
a ccou n ts
r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o l e s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t .)
C o n fe r s w ith
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p lie d .

A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d if f ic u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip ­
m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d t o p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o ­
d u cts f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r ie t y an d e x ­
t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s
s u c h a c t io n s
as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e ­
u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in ts b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s tm e n t s to
d a ta w h en p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and
s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n t s t o f o r m a
h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o n r o u tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e o n c o m p le x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p lia n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , and to in s u r e
p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C la s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a ly s e s
as a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t i v it y . A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p
and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills
r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d b y p r o ­
g r a m m e r s f r o m in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t.

M a y p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n
a re a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s i n fo r m a t io n t o p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and lis t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f in in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d itio n s t o o r d e le t io n s f r o m
in pu t d a ta w h ic h a r e r e a d il y a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s
r e c o r d s m ay be
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o th a t th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f da ta ca n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s . T y p i c a l l y ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t i o n s .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E SS

OR

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e ­
q u ir e d to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r
d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e ­
c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h , w h en e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d
la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u la tio n o f d a ta t o a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b ­
j e c t m a t t e r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to
b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r it e s d e t a ile d flo w
c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e
c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e t o f o llo w ; t e s t s
and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t io n
ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i ­
c i e n c y o r a da p t to n e w r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f th is is
th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e i r p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g
p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y

p u rp oses,

program m ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as f o llo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n
o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o ­
g r a m m in g c o n c e p t s
and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s
and c h a r ts
w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s te p s to
b e a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b ­
l e m s o lv in g r o u t in e ; p la n s th e f u ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d
t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t iliz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .




to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w ho

W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s
(a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A ) u n d e r
c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M ay a s sist
h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f ic u l t ta s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d if f ic u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s
and c o n c e p t s
u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s
a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a r d p r o ­
c e d u r e s to r o u tin e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on n ew a s p e c t s
o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v ie w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e
w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COM PUTER O PERATO R
M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to
p rocess
d a ta a c c o r d i n g t o o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
p r o g r a m m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S tu d ie s in s t r u c t io n s to
d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t s e tu p a nd o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m e n t in to
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s
m a d e d u rin g o p e r a t io n an d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r ­
v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t and a s s i s t
in c o r r e c t i n g p r o g r a m .
F or

w age

stu d y

pu rposes,

co m p u te r

op era tors

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a
c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : N ew
p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t ly t e s t e d a nd in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

DRAFTER— Continued

o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e t o m i n im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x
d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t i f ic a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u i r e s a w o r k in g k n o w ­
le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d i r e c t i o n and g u id a n c e t o lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .

C la s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a
c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; M o s t
o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n on a r e g u la r ly
r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is lit t le o r n o t e s t in g o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ;
a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a j o r ch a n g e
o r ca n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o r t t i m e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r
s it u a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n .
T h is u s u a lly i n ­
v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u sin g s ta n d a r d
c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A . M a y
a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f ic u l t ta s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u l t t a s k s f o llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and
w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .

e x p ected
a b ilit y t o
r e c e iv e d
op era tor

C la s s C . W o r k s on r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
to d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and
d e t e c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in ru n n in g r o u tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has
s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l
o n c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER

C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n f e a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t l y f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ftin g
p re ce d e n ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h ch a n g e on th e
d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n t s and
p a rts.
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k
is r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y
lo w e r le v e l d r a fte r s .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n t s
th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a ­
t i o n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s and
m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s t o
d e t e r m in e q u a n tit ie s o f




C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u nits o r p a r t s f o r
e n g in e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t io n , m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r
r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
T ypes of
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s (d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a t e s
d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e as r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n t s
r e c u r . W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g
c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n ot
in c lu d e t r a c in g l im it e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t in g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v is u a l iz e d it e m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r io u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s
b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d if y in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , and t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ilit y t o d e t e r m in e m a lf u n c t io n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n ..
T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s i s t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d if f e r e n t k in d s o f c ir c u it s
o r m u lt ip le r e p e t it io n o f th e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but is n o t lim it e d
t o , th e fo llo w in g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m it t in g and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ) , (b) d ig ita l
and a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n ­
t r o llin g e q u ip m e n t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u c h s ta n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c
e q u ip m e n t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y du ty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h a v e a d m in is t r a t iv e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s itio n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to l e v e l s

on

th e

b a s is

o f th e fo llo w in g

C la s s A .
A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u su a lly
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y ca n n o t b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u tin e t a s k s in w o r k in g o n e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t , f o llo w in g d e t a ile d i n ­
s t r u c t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s s u c h
ta s k s a s : A s s i s t i n g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m i n g s u ch a c t i v it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
n ot r e q u ir e d t o b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e i n t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d t o i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m t r a in in g ) s o th a t w o r k e r ca n a d v a n c e
t o h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and
d e n s it y o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d ia t io n , i s o la t in g m a lf u n c t io n s , and
fr e q u e n t e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f
th e i n t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r ­
f o r m in g s u c h t a s k s
as m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r e la t io n s h ip s in s ig n a l f lo w ; and r e g u l a r l y u s in g c o m p le x t e s t i n ­
stru m e n ts
( e . g . , d u a l t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s ,
p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .

W o r k m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y s p o t c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d
r e v ie w w h en n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R SE

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th a t t y p i c a l l y ca n b e s o l v e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
in t e r p r e t in g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on
e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
W o r k in v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s and t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x th an t h o s e u s e d b y the
c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t in g in p h y s i c a l e x a m in a t io n s and h e a lt h e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g ou t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lt h e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v it ie s a ff e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th an
o n e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e t o lo w e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

M A IN TEN A N C E , TO O LRO O M , A N D PO W ER PLA N T
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N — C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t it i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ;
u s in g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a r d
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s
r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g
and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls
and m e a s u r in g and t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in ­
t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and fix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s th e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e f o r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p la c i n g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s
and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o t h e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n ­
s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d
tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h as th e i n ­
s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r i ­
b u t io n , o r u tiliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s
m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : In s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l
e q u ip m e n t s u c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r
e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f




M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r it t e n in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in is t 's h a n d to o ls

36

MAINTENANCE MACHINIST— Continued

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER— Continued

and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g s ta n d a r d
m a c h in e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d
s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , ana s p e e d s
o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n m e t a ls ;
s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is w o r k ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l, th e
m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly
r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

m eet s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W o rk e rs p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f h a n d t o o ls in
s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t by a
m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly '
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u tie s in v o lv e s e tt in g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e
e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t and p e r ­
f o r m in g r e p a i r s th at in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,
d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b lin g o r fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a l v e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b lin g and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e and m a k in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r
tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h i c l e m a in te n a n c e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s .
M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R
I n s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
L a y in g
ou t w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r
w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s t e n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r f in is h e d p ip e s




M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f ix t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t a ll ty p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g a ll a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o ls in c u tt in g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g ,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u ir e d . Tn
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounder!
tr a in in g a nd e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P ieinn ing and la y in g ou t w o r k ;
in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls
and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g t h
o f m a t e r i a l s , an d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u ip m e n t;
s e le c t in g s ta n d a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and
m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u ch as d r iv e s and
speed red u ce rs.
In g e n e r a l, th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s i n .t h e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u ch as k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k ille d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f
w o r k th e h e l p e r is p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls
and t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s h e is p e r m it t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th at a r e a ls o
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t in g o n e o r m o r e th a n o n e ty p e o f m a c h in e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r in d in g m a c h in e , e n g in e la t h e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o l d s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n m e t a llic m a t e r i a l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W o r k t y p ic a lly
in v o l v e s :
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ic h
r e q u ir e c o m p l i c a t e d s e tu p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)— Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a ll cu ttin g t o o l s and a d ju s t g u id e s , s t o p s , w o r k in g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to h a n d le th e s i z e o f s t o c k t o b e m a c h in e d ;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t
t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ) ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
a d ju s tm e n t s d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is i t e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and c u ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , and t o d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at th e s k i l l l e v e l c a lle d f o r in
th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u ir e s e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

w o r k in g t o v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r t s and f in is h e d t o o l s
a nd d ie s t o a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; fit t in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s t o p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
in c lu d e t o o l and d ie m a k e r s w h o (1 ) a r e e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s o r (2) p r o d u c e f o r g in g d ie s (d ie s i n k e r s ) .

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R
O p e r a t e s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f
s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e
e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k in v o l v e s : O p e r a t in g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t, s t e a m b o i l e r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th an o n e e n g in e e r
a re e x c lu d e d .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
in c lu d e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh op s.

T O O L AN D DIE M A K E R

C on stru cts
and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , c u ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o l d s u s e d in sh a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l ( e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r
o t h e r w r it t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls
and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le t e t a s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s ;
s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u s in g
v a r io u s t o o l and d ie m a k e r ’ s h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and c h e c k s w a t e r and
s a fe t y v a l v e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

M A TER IA L M O V E M E N T A N D C USTO DIAL
T R U C K D R IV E R

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s ,
m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
su ch as:
M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t s , f r e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le and
r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a nd c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s
o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t
h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g
o r d e r . S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .

i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c ’e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; an d p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s
s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g th e
m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t. R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y in g o r d ir e c t in g
o t h e r s in v e r if y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in ­
v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d g o o d s ;
r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ta in in g
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s f o l l o w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a te d on th e b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o llo w s :

lig h t t r u c k (u n d e r IV 2 t o n s )
m e d iu m t r u c k (IV 2 t o and in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
h eavy tr u ck (tr a ile r ) (o v e r 4 to n s)
h e a v y t r u c k (o t h e r th an t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 t o n s )

S h ip p in g c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

W A R E H O US E M AN

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k

A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e
an u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t




38

W A R E H O U SE M A N — Continued

M A T E R IA L H AN DLING L A B O R E R — Continued

o f th e f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r ia ls ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a in s t r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g
m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
ta k in g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e ­
p o r t in g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r i a l f r o m
s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t. M a y o p e r a t e h an d o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r f o r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u t ie s .

c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s in v o lv e s h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g
w o r k ( s e e S h ip p in g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and S h ip p in g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f illin g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s a bou t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e
t r u c k , as f o llo w s :

c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

O R D E R F IL L E R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t io n s . M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g o r d e r s and in d ic a t in g
it e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is i t io n a d d i­
t io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t e d
d u tie s .
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m
in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t
u pon th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u nits to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t.
W o r k r e q u ir e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s in
s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g
c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g da ta on c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t




F o r k lift o p e r a to r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

G U ARD AND W A TC H M A N
G u a rd.
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at f ix e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s
g u a r d s w h o a r e s ta t io n e d at g a te and c h e c k o n id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tch m a n .
M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e , th e ft , and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o t e c t in g

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g ,
m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o t h e r
r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f ix t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w
w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

Available On Request
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s « .re s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y fo r u s e in a d m in is t e r in g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t
a v a ila b le at no c o s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on the b a c k c o v e r .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M ex .
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A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i ll e , N .C .
A t la n t ic C it y , N .J.
A u g u s ta , G a.—S .C .
B a k e r s f i e ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ich .
B ea u m on t—P o r t A rth u xM D ra n ge, T e x .
B ilo x i—G u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u la , M i s s .
B o i s e C it y , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W a sh .
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S t a m fo r d , C onn.
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r lin g t o n , V t.—N. Y.
C ape C od , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ig n —U rbana— a n tou l, 111.
R
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C h a r lo t t e — a s t o n ia , N .C .
G
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e ,

A ct

of

1965.

S u r v e y r e s u lt s a r e p u b lis h e d

in r e l e a s e s w h ic h ,

w h ile s u p p lie s

la s t ,

a r e o r w ill

be

L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o r a in — l y r ia , O h io
E
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d.—V a .—D e l.
L y n c h b u r g , V a.
M a c o n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O h io
M a r q u e tte , E s c a n a b a , Sault S te. M a r ie , M ich .
M c A lle n —P h a r i^ E d in b u r g and B r o w n s v ille —
H a rlin g e n —
San B e n it o , T e x .
M e d fo r d — la m a th F a l ls —G ra n ts P a s s , O r e g .
K
M e r id ia n , M i s s .
M id d le s e x , M on m o u th , and O cea n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile and P e n s a c o l a , A la .—F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille —D a v id s o n , T en n .
N ew B e r n —J a c k s o n v il le , N .C .
N ew L on don —N o r w ic h , C on n .—R .I .
N o r th D a k ota , State o f
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a r d — im i V a lle y —V e n tu r a , C a lif.
S
P a n a m a C it y , F la .
P a r k e r sb u rg —M a r ie t t a , W. V a .— h io
O
P e o r i a , III.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .

T e n n .—K y .

C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M i s s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D e s M o in e s , Iow a
D oth an , A la .
D uluth— u p e r io r , M in n .—W is.
S
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N. M e x .
E u g en e— p r in g fie ld , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v il le , N .C .
F it c h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O k la .
F o r t W a yn e, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d .— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r t in s b u r g , W. V a .
G a d sd e n and A n n is t o n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d I sla n d — a y in g s , N eb r.
H
G r e a t F a l ls , M on t.
G uam , T e r r it o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L eb a n o n , P a .
H untington— s h la n d , W . V a.— y .— h io
A
K
O
K n o x v ille , T en n .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev .
L a w ton , O k la .
L im a , O h io
L it t le R o c k — orth L it t le R o c k , A r k .
N

P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e ll o —
Ida ho F a l l s , Idaho
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .—M a in e—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .

P u e r t o R ic o
R e n o , N ev .
R ich la n d — e n n e w ic k —W a lla W a lla —
K
P e n d le to n , W a sh .—O r e g .
R iv e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o — n t a r io , C a lif.
O
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a lin a s—S e a s id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
S a n d u sk y, O h io
Santa B a r b a r a —Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, G a.
S e lm a , A la .
S h erm a n —D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t , L a.
S iou x F a l ls , S. D ak.
S p ok a n e, W a sh .
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fi e ld -C h i c o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s .— o n n .
H
C
S to ck to n , C a li f.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T am par-St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T op ek a , K ans.
T u cs o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O k la .
V a ll e jo — a i r f i e ld — apa, C a lif.
F
N
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a t e r lo o — e d a r F a l l s , Iow a
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—M d.

A n an n u al r e p o r t on s a la r i e s f o r a c c o u n ta n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n ta n t s , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s , d r a f t e r s , and
c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s i s a v a ila b le . O r d e r a s B L S B u lle t in 1 8 9 1 , N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n i c a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 5 . $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l s a le s
o f f i c e s sh ow n on th e b a c k c o v e r , o r fr o m th e S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f f i c e , W a sh in g ton , D .C . 2 0 4 0 2 .




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s o r b u lle t in s u p p le m e n ts is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e lim it e d s tu d ie s co n d u c te d a t the r e q u e s t of the E m p lo y m e n t
S ta n d a rd s A d m in is t r a t io n o f th e D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t.
B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s show n on the b a c k c o v e r .
B u lletin s u p p le m e n ts m a y be
o b ta in e d w ith ou t c o s t , w h e r e in d ic a t e d , f r o m BL S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u lletin n u m b e r
and p r i c e *

A k r o n , O h io, D e c . 1975 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -8 0 ,
A lba n y —S ch e n e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1975 1___________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 3 ,
A n a h e im —
Santa A na—G a rd en G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1975 1 ________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 5 ,
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 5 ,
A u s tin , T e x ., D e c . 1975 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 8 5 0 -8 3 ,
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A ug. 1975 1 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 2 ,
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1 9 7 5 ___________________ _____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 6 ,
B in g h a m ton , N .Y .—P a ., J u ly 1975 ________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 0 ,
B irm in g h a m , A l a ., M a r. 1976 1____________________ _______________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 1 ,
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1975 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 8 ,
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 5 1 . . . ______ ______________________________ ___________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 9 ,
C anton, O h io, M ay 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________________Suppl.
C h a tta n oog a , T e n n .- G a ., Sept. 1975 1____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 7 ,
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1975 ____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 3 ,
C in cin n a ti, O h io—K y.—I n d ., M a r. 1 9 7 6 ___________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -7 ,
C le v e la n d , O h io, Sept. 1 9 7 5 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 4 ,
C o lu m b u s , O h io, O ct. 1975 1
_______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 8 ,
C o r p u s C h r is t i, T e x ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 7 ,
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O ct. 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 9 ,
D a v en p ort—R o c k Isla n d — o lin e , Iowa—111., F e b . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________Suppl.
M
D ay ton , O h io, D e c . 1 9 7 5 „ __________ _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 3 ,
D ayton a B e a ch , F la ., A u g . 1975----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 8 5 0 -4 7 ,
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1975_______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 2 ,
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 2 ,
F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W est P a lm B e a c h B o c a R a ton , F la ., A p r . 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 6 ,
F r e s n o , C a lif., June 1975 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 1 ,
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1975 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 7 ,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 4 ,
G r e e n s b o r o — in s t o n -S a le m —H igh P o in t, N .C ., A ug. 1 9 7 5 ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 9 ,
W
G r e e n v ille —S p a rta n b u rg , S .C ., June 1975 _______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 2 ,
H a r tfo r d , C on n ., M a r. 1975 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 8 ,
H ou ston , T e x ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
H u n ts v ille , A l a ., F e b . 1975 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
In d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O ct. 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 6 ,
J a c k s o n , M i s s ., F e b . 1976 ________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -8 ,
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c. 1975 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 1 ,
K an sas C ity , M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1 9 7 5 ______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 5 ,
L e x in g to n — a y e tte , K y ., N ov . 1975 1________ _____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 4 ,
F
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch , C a lif., O ct. 197 5*_________________________________1_________ 1 8 5 0 -8 6 ,
L o u is v i ll e , K y.—I n d ., N ov. 1975 _________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 9 ,
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F la ., A u g . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 4 ,
M e m p h is , T en n .— r k .—M i s s . , N ov . 1975 ________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 5 ,
A
* Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
2 T o be surveyed.




45 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 0
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .3 0
65 cen ts
65 cen ts
95 ce n ts
$ 1 .5 0
95 ce n ts
F ree
85 cen ts
85 cen ts
75 ce n ts
$ 1 .3 0
95 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
$ 1 .5 0
F ree
45 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .1 0
80 cen ts
65 ce n ts
65 cen ts
80 ce n ts
F ree
F ree
95 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
45 ce n ts
80 cen ts
75 c e n ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 ce n ts
65 cen ts
45 ce n ts

A rea

B u lletin n u m b er
and p r ic e *

M ia m i, F la ., O ct. 1975______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 6 ,
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1975 1______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 1 ,
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n .—W is ., Jan. 1976____________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -3 ,
N a ssa u — u ffo lk , N .Y ., June 1975 1_________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 9 ,
S
N ew a rk , N .J ., Jan. 1976____ ________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 - 1 0 ,
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., Jan. 1976 _______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -2 ,
N ew Y o r k , N .Y .- N .J ., M ay 1975 1 __________________ ______________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 5 ,
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1975 ___________________________ 1 6 5 0 -2 9 .
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N ew s—
P
H a m pton , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1975 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 0 ,
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1975 _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 2 ,
O k la h om a C ity , Ok l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 1 ,
O m aha, N e b r.—Iow a, O ct. 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 6 ,
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 197 5 1____________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 8 ,
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov. 1975 ____________________ ____________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 5 ,
P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1976 1________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -1 ,
P o r tla n d , M a in e, N ov. 1975_______________________________________________________ ____ _____ 1 8 5 0 -7 2 ,
P o r t la n d , O r e g .—W a sh ., M a y 1975 ____________________________ ______ _____________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 0 ,
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., J une 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 0 ,
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g ston —N ew b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1 975 1 _________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 8 ,
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ic k —P a w tu ck et, R .I ., —M a s s . , June 1975 ____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 7 ,
W
R a le ig h — u rh a m , N. C . , F e b . 1975 ________________________________________________________ Suppl.
D
R ich m o n d , V a ., June 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 1 ,
St. L o u is , M o .—
111., M a r. 197 5 _____________________________________________________________ Suppl.
S a c r a m e n to , C a li f., D e c . 1975______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -8 7 ,
Sa gin a w , M i c h ., N ov. 1975__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 1 ,
Salt L ak e City—O gd en , Utah, N ov. 1 9 7 5 1 _________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 4 ,
San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 1975 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 3 ,
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 197 5______________ __________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 7 ,
San F r a n c i s c o — ak land, C a lif., M a r. 1976_______________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -9 ,
O
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1975 1 _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 6 ,
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t , W a sh ., Jan. 1976 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 9 0 0 -b,
South B e n d , Ind., M a r. 1976 _______________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -5 ,
S ta m fo r d , C onn. 1 2 ___________________________________________________ _______________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 3 ,
T o le d o , O h io— ic h ., M a y 1975 1 ___________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 4 ,
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1975 1 ____________ ________________________________ ____________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 0 ,
U tica —R o m e , N .Y ., J u ly 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 8 ,
W a sh in gton , D. C .—M d.—V a ., M a y . 1975 1__________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 1 ,
W e s t c h e s t e r C ounty, N. Y . , M a y 1975 1____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 3 ,
W ich ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1 ________________________________________ ____________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 4 ,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1976________________________________________________________________________ 1 9 0 0 -4 ,

95 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
95 c e n t s
$ 1 .0 0
85 ce n ts
75 c e n ts
$ 1 .1 0
65 CC ts
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 0
80 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
$ 1 .1 5
45 ce n ts
75 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
75 c e n t s
75 c e n ts
F ree
65 ce n ts
F ree
45 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
75 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
45 ce n ts
95 ce n ts
85 ce n ts
b5 ce n ts
55 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
80 ce n ts
$ 1 .2 0
80 ce n ts
$ 1 .0 0
80 ce n ts
F ree
80 ce n ts
5 ce n ts

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region- I
Region II
1603 JFK Federal Building
Suite 3400
Government Center
1515 Broadway
Boston, Mass. 02203
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 21?)
C oneecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
3535 Market Street,
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Cade 215)
Delaware
D istrict of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region V
Region VI
Regions VII and V III
9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Second Floor
Federal Office Building
Chicago, III. 60604
555 Griffin Square Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code
Illin o is
Indiana
VII
V III
Arkansas
Michigan
Louisiana
Iowa
Colorado
Minnesota
Montana
New Mexico
Kansas
Ohio
Missouri
Oklahoma
North Dakota
W isconsin
Nebraska
South Dakota
Texas
Utah
Wyoming




Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
Arizona
C alifornia
Hawaii
Nevada

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102