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L

d.3'-

j& J 'o -*■/ 0

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Billings, Montana, Metropolitan Area
July 1975
Bulletin 1850-46

DOCUMENT COLLECTION
APR?

1976

Dayton & Montgomery Co.
Public Library




MAR 2 5 ’
76

U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
„ — Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s res u lts of a July 1975 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in the
B illin g s , M ontana, Stand ard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a (Y e llo w s t o n e C ou n ty).
The su rvey
w as m ad e as p a r t of the B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
The
p r o g r a m is d e s ig n e d to y ie ld data fo r in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s , as w e l l as n a tion a l
and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s f o r a ll Standard M e tro p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a s in the U n ited S tates,
e xclu d in g A la s k a and H a w a ii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n eed to d e s c r ib e the
l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e ts , th ro u gh the a n a ly s is o f (1 ) the
l e v e l and d is trib u tio n of w a g e s by occu p ation , and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l
c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l.
The p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a tio n that m a y be u sed f o r m any
p u rp o s e s , in clu d in g w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is tra tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a r g a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in
d e te rm in in g plant lo c a tio n .
S u rvey re s u lts a ls o a r e u sed b y th e U .S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r
to m ak e w a g e d e te rm in a tio n s under the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
C u rr e n tly , 83 a r e a s a re in cluded in the p r o g r a m .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e b ack
c o v e r .)
In each a re a , occu p atio n al ea rn in g s data a r e c o lle c t e d an nually.
In fo r m a tio n on
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits is o b ta in e d e v e r y th ir d y e a r .
E ach y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w age s u r v e y s h ave b een c o m p le te d , tw o s u m m a ry
b u lletin s a r e is s u e d .
Th e f i r s t b rin g s to g e th e r data f o r each m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s u r v e y e d .
T h e second s u m m a ry b u lle tin p re s e n ts n a tion al and r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c t e d f r o m
in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a data.
Th e B illin g s s u r v e y was conducted by the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in K a n s a s C ity,
M o ., u n der the g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n o f E d w ard C haiken, A s s o c ia t e A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
fo r O p e ra tio n s .
The s u r v e y could not have been a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t the c o o p e r a tio n o f the
m an y fir m s w h ose w a g e and s a la r y data p ro v id e d the b a s is f o r the s ta tis tic a l in fo r m a tio n
in this b u lle tin .
T h e B u reau w is h e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p r e c ia tio n f o r the c o o p e r a tio n
r ec e iv e d .

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 8 5 0 -4 6
November 1975

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R , John T . Dunlop, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Billings, Montana, Metropolitan Area, July 1975
CONTENTS

Page

In t r o d u c t io n ____________________________________________________________________

2

T a b le s :
A.

A p p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B.




S cope and m ethod of s u r v e y _______________________________________________________________________________________________________
O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s __________________________________________________________________________________________________________

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price 65 cents. Make checks payable to Superintendent o f Documents.

3
in xD r - oo o

E a r n in g s :
A - l . W e e k ly ea rn in g s o f o ffic e w o r k e r s ________________________________________________________________________________________________
A - 2 . W e e k ly e a rn in g s o f p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________________________
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e arn in gs of o ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l w o r k e r s , by s e x ________________________________________
A - 4 . H o u rly ea rn in g s of m ainten ance and p o w e rp la n t w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________________________
A - 5 . H o u rly ea rn in g s of c u stod ial and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________________
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u rly earn in gs of m ainten ance, p o w e rp la n t, cu s to d ia l, and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t w o r k e r s , by s e x ________
A-l. P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e h ou rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p a tio n a l gro u p s, ad ju sted fo r e m p lo y m e n t sh ifts

11
13

Introduction
and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.
In th e 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - l a
th rou gh A -6 a p ro v id e s im ila r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500
w o r k e r s or m o r e .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 83 in w h ich the U.S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s condu cts s u rv e y s o f oc c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and
r e la te d b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is .
In th is a r e a , data w e r e ob ­
ta in e d by a com b in a tio n o f p e r s o n a l v is it , m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and
te le p h o n e in t e r v ie w .
R e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d
in d u s try d iv is io n s w e r e c o n ta c te d : M a n u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m ­
m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and read e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u s try
gro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e stu d ies a re g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s and
the c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g fe w e r
than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a re o m itte d b e ca u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in th e o ccu p atio n s studied. S e p a ra te ta b u la tion s a re p r o v id e d
f o r ea c h o f th e b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

F o llo w in g the oc c u p a tio n a l w a g e ta b le s is ta b le A - 7 w h ich
p r o v id e s p e rc e n t changes in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k ­
e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , s k ille d
m ain ten an ce w o r k e r s , and u n sk ille d p lan t w o r k e r s .
T h is m e a s u re o f
w a g e tre n d s e lim in a te s chan ges in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p lo y ­
m en t sh ifts am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in clu d ed in s u r v e y s a m p le s . W h e re p o s s ib le , data a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll
in d u s tr ie s , m a n u factu rin g, and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g. A p p e n d ix A d is c u s s e s
th is w a g e tr e n d m e a s u re .

A - s e r i e s ta b le s

A p p en d ixes

T a b le s A - 1 th ro u gh A -6 p r o v id e e s tim a te s o f s tr a ig h t-tim e
h o u r ly o r w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r w o r k e r s in occu p ation s com m o n to a
v a r i e t y o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and non m an u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
O ccu p ation s
w e r e s e le c te d f r o m the fo llo w in g c a te g o r ie s :
(a ) O ffic e c le r ic a l, (b ) p r o ­
fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l, (c ) m ain ten an ce and p ow e r p i ant, and (d ) c u s to d ia l

T h is b u lle tin has tw o a p p e n d ix e s .
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r ib e s th e
m eth od s and con cepts used in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m
and
p r o v id e s in fo rm a tio n on the sc o p e o f the s u r v e y .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v id e s
jo b d e s c rip tio n s used by B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o m is ts to c l a s s i fy w o r k e r s in
occupations f o r w h ich s tr a ig h t- tim e e a r n in g s in fo r m a tio n is p re s e n te d .




A. Earnings
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
work ere

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
%

Average
weekly

i

s

I

5

$

$

$

$

$

s

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

$

$

$

ALL
b o o k k e e p in g

(standard)

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

85

O ccu p ation and in d u s try d iv is io n

85

90

95

100

105

n o

115

120

13o

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

22g

230

240

25o

4

i

2

4

i

-

1
1

3

-

2
1

4

-

2
2

5

-

4

3

2

2
2

-

-

3
1

80
Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

and
under

WO RK ERS

- m ac h in e

o p e r a t o r s

*
38.0

C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------

29
24

--------------------------------------------------

$
$
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

3 9 .S
3 9.5

1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 8 .5 0

1 49 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 7 6 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 14 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0

9 2 . 0 0 - 1 0 7 . U0

40.0
40.0

1 3 5 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0

1 26 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 8 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

1 24 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 2 8 .5 0

1 0 4 . oO

9 ^ .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

OPERATORS*

CLERKS.
A C CO U NTING .
NONMANUFACTURING

$
1 1 0 .5 0

4 0.0

BOOK KE E PIN G -M A CH INE

$
1 1 4 .0 0

*♦1
<♦1

, a c c o u n tin g ,
N O N M AN U FA C TU ^lN b

c l e r k s

c l a s s

d

I S O . 00

-

1

2
-

-

1

-

-

3

3

1

4
1

1

3

-

2

3

-

-

-

3

1

3

-

-

-

1
1

8

10

18

CLERKS,
P A Y R O L L --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

10
7

3 9 .b

20
18
74

1 0 4 .0 0

“

-

-

1
1

-

2
2

1
1

i

1
-

-

3

-

1

i

1

2

------------------------------------------------------

NU NM ANUFACTURING
P U B LIC

-----------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

------------------------------

4 0.0
4 0.0

1 4 2 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

1

5

10

2

5

7

7

11

10

lM

SECRETARIES

60

4 0.0

1 3 7 .0 0

1 29 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

-

-

-

l

5

2

5

7

3
4

9

7

2

10

4 0.0

1 7 2 .0 0

1 7 8 .0 0

1 5n .0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

10
2

-

“

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

3

6
6

1
1

1
1

5

2

_

3

5

2

-

1 4 9 .5 0

1 4 2 . 5 0 - 1 6 9 . oO

-

1 4 9 .5 0

1 4 9 .5 0

1 4 5 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

-

1 4 7 .5 0

1 4 4 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 6 1 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0 -1 8 4 .0 0

SEC RE TA RIES,
C L A S S B ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

16
13

4 0.0
4 0.0

SEC RE TARIES,

----------------------------

29

4 0.0

1 7 4 .0 0

1 72 .5 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B LIC U T IL IT IE S
------------------------------

23

40.0

9

4 0.0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0

1 61 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

----------------------------

24

4 0.0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

11
7

39.5
3 9 .S

1 5 3 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

20
10

4 0.0

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------S W ITC H BO ARD

1 5 4 .5 0

-

_

CLASS

C

D

O P E R AT O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S-

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

-

-

-

1 6 9 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 6 4 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0 -1 8 4 .5 0

-

-

1 6 2 .5 0
1 7 9 .0 0

1 3 3 . 5 0 - 1 8 8 . 5u

-

-

4 0.0

1 6 4 .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

-

16
13

3 9.5
3 9.5

1 08 .0 0
1 05 .0 0

102 .5 0
92.00

8 5 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

4
4

1
1

2
2

11

4 0.0

1 09 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

_

_

2

98.00

9 8 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0

l

3

-

-

98.50

SEC RE TA RIES,

CLASS

1

2

2

5

2

-

2

-

“

-

1

4

8

_

-

2

2

-

*

-

-

1
1

_

_

-

_

3

-

2
3

-

3

2

1

2

-

1

-

2
2
1

-

-

-

1

2

5

1

1

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1

-

-

2

_

_

-

4
4

-

-

2
2

2

4

“

“

1
1

2
1

2
2

-

-

-

“

“

-

1

_

-

1

2

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

3

1

2

1

1

1

“

-

-

-

2

*

-

2

4

-

-

1

2

”

1
1

2

-

2

2
2

3

1

1
1

_

-

1

1

-

1

1
1
_

1

_
_

-

-

_

_

W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workeis

O ccupation and in d u s try d iv is io n

N u m b er o f w o r k e r . r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of %
105

weekly
(standard]

%

Mean A

Median £

Middle ranged

ALL

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

5

I

$

*

~S----

*

n o

120

1 3o

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

300

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

240

300

310

irfORKESS
CLASS

TECHNICIANS,

C

----------

CLASS

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




B-

7

40.0

$
132.00

$
140.00

$
$
127.50-

140.00

19
17

OPFRATCftS,

cLtCTRuNICS

$

$

and
u n d er
110

COMPUTER

s

40.0
40.0

289.00
287.00

2 8 5 . 50
285.50

285.50285.50-

303.00
303.00

IS
15

40.0
40.0

288.50
288.50

2 8 5 . 50
285.50

285.50303.00
285.50-303.00

1

l

5
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

7
-

_

9

_

5

Average
( mean2 )

S ex, o ccu p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

OFFICE

O CCUPATIONS

-

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

$
9 0.0

Sex, occu p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

MEN
8
8

Average
(mean4)
'
Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Average
(mean2 )

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

-

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

-

$

1 9 9 .5 0
1 9 9 .5 0

39.5
9 0.0

«_

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

• ->0

3 9.5

$
1 53 .5 0
1 7 0 .0 0

F jO O K K E tP IN G -M AC nlN t

no
3

OP F.R AT uR S ,
3

.0

1 1 9 .0 0

OPEHa TUKS,
39.0
3 8.5
3 9.5
3 9.5

1 3 8 .0 0

38
38

' 0

Q

90.0

1 92 .0 0
1 69 .0 0

' "o * 0

s tc R E iA K ih S *

Cl a s s

b

^0*0

4 0.0

9 0.0

9 0.0

0

- - - - - - - - - - - -

29
19

o o

MEN

2 8 9 .0 0
90.0

90.0
90.0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 13 .5 0

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




nn

1 0 9 .0 0

1 69 .5 0
E LECTR O NICS

CLASS

4 0.0

T ECH N ICAL
-

1 9 1 .0 0

9 0.0
S tC R E T A R lL S *

1-9
19

11

1 9 7 .5 0
1 79 .0 0

9 0.0

23

AND

OCCU PATIONS

9 0.0

1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

to

O PE R ATO R -R E C E PTIO N IS TS-

P R O FE SSIO N AL

1 5 9 .5 0

29

0

SWITCHBOARD

1 3 7 .0 0
1 72 .0 0

16
13

— - - - - - - - - - — ----------

9 6.50

l nc;

100.-.G

79
19

1 0 1 .5 0

21
16

y

1 69 .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0

15

118

10

m an u f ac tu r in g

10

^

10

1 09 .0 0
HOo K n E E P I N G - M A L h I N E
C l_A S S A

^0

o o

. .. ..
39.0

E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 3 r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex
id e n tific a tio n w a s p ro v id e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
E a rn in g s data in
ta b le s A - l and A - 2 , on th e o th e r hand, r e la te to a ll w o r k e r s in an
occu pation .
(S ee appen dix A fo r p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a . )

T E C H N IC IA N S ,

CLASS

6-

15

.-117.00

9 0.0

2 8 8 .5 0

9 0.0

Hourly earnings3

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—
4 .3 0

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n
workers

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

U nder
4 .3 0

s
4 .5 0

$
4 .6 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 . 70 4 .8 0

%

$

4 .7 0

$
4 .9 0

I
5 .0 0

S
6 .2 0

$

5 .8 0

S
6 .0 0

$

5 .4 0

s
5 .6 0

$

5 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

*
7 .0 0

S
>
7 .2 0

1 ------ "5—
$
7 .4 0 7 .6 0 7 .8

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

6.8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

-

-

5

-

-

_

7

_

-

7

*

5

_

_

5

-

-

6
6

-

s

and
under
4 .4 0

ALL

s
9 .4 0

o

$

l

0
0

N

WORKERS
$

$

$

-

id

6 .3 1

5 .6 7

5 .6 7 -

7.2r,

m a in te n a n c e

10
10

7 .0 9
7 .0 9

7 .2 9
7 .2 4

7 .1 4 7 .1 4 -

7 .3 2
7 .3 2

21

6 .5 9

7 .5 7

7 .0 5

7 .1 6
7 .1 6

6 .4 0 -

lb

6 .4 0 -

7 .5 7

dO

6 .6 3
6 .7 ?

6 .0 2

1H

5 .8 5 6 .0 2 -

7 .9 8
7 .9 o

17

6 .8 5

6 .0 d -

7 .9 6

M EC H A N IC S , M AINTENANC E - - •
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

Id
la

5 . 9d
5 .9 d

8 .5 9
5 .5 9

5 .2 3 5 .2 3 -

7 . o'7 .0 8

P IPE F IT T E R S ,

dd

7 .2 1
7. d 1

7 .1 6
7 .1 6

7 .1 4 -

7 .3 ?

14

7 .1 4 -

7 .3 ?

14

CARPENTERS*

MA X N T E i ' i 4 N C E

E LE C T R IC IA N S ,

m an u f ac tu r in g

-------------------

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------M ECH ANICS,
AUTOMOTIVE
(M AINTE NANC E)
-----------------------NuNMANUFACTUPING - - - - - PU H LIC U T I L I T I E S
-------

M AINTENANCE ■
------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




dd

6 .0 2
6 .0 2

$

d

5

-

*

2

3

3
3

5

-

2

2
2

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

1

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
1

1

1
1

i
i

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

3

-

3

-

-

1
1

i
i

-

4
4

b
b
b

4
4

_

5
4

_

3

2

i
i

i
i

*

-

8 .0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s o f---

Hourly earn ings3

2 .6 0

$
2 .8 0

$
$
3 . 00 3 .2 0

3 .4 0

s
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

S
4 .0 0

1 o
1 00
Lrt 4
-

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 . 2Q 3 .4 0

3.60

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

20

18

1

8

5

2 .2 0

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n
M ean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

44

12

8

%

and
under

i

i

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

$
4 .8 0

5 .0 0

$
5 .2 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

1

5

S
5 .4 0

5 .6 0

1 ------ i
I
6 . uO 6 .4 0 6 .8 0

5 «6Q

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

~
“

i
i
~

and

1

ALL
JA N IT O R S .

•
fc
2 .4 0

%

2 .2 0

S
2 .3 0

$
2 .1 0

WORKERS

PORTERS.

AND CLEANERS -----

$
2 .8 1

148

$
2 .4 5

$
2 .1 0 -

$
3 .3 o

12
66

4 . AS

4 .2 8

3 .5 8 -

7

5

5 .5 7

8
j:

3

20

6
16

1
1

2
1

2
“

8
26

1

“

“
”

22

3 .8 5
lb

3*54

3#60"* 3 .o 5

4 .1 8

6i
TRUCKDRIVERS.
^

^

LIG H T

,-iEOIUH

TRUCKDRIVERS.

HEAVY

4 .0 0 “
4 .0 0 *

4 . 3o
4 .3 o

b «8 3

'O f
7* 1 «
• 10

1-.40

7 .1,'

J

3

2

1

1

*

2

13
2

32

2

1

n

*36
2
34

_

2
6

“

( UNDtH

Tf .

TRUCKGRIVF R S »

4 .3 0
4 .3 0

j

^ *8 7
< 1 -1 / 2

TO
...SB

-.3 )

7.1u

4 .4 0 -

7 .1 a

1

(OVER A TONS.

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d a s fo llo w s :
See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




34 at $6.80 to $7.20; and 2 at $7.20 to

2

1

2
a

$7.60.

24

10




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant,
custodial, and material movement workers, by sex.
in Billings, Mont., July 1975
Sex, occu p ation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

Average
(m ean2 )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occu pation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings3

C U S T O D I A L AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

$

!

6.31
7.09
7.09

vi.

1-0

48

4.18
5* j?

7.05

^ * 00
MECHANICS.

AUTOMOTIVE
T^UCKDRIVERS*
18
17

S.92

22

7 °1
7.21

AN D

C L E A N E R S ----

HEAVY

(OVEH

4

TONS,

lir ririr.
ini ti.i>
C U S T O D I A L ANU M A T E R I A L M U V E M E N T
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

CUSTODIAL ANu MATERIAL MUVEMENT
O C C U P A T I O N S - MKN
PORTERS.

,

TO
"

TRUCKORIVERS,

JANITORS,

<1-1/3

6.72

18

MEDIUM

91
19
72

3.07
A . 23
2.77

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .

E a rn in g s data in ta b le A - 6 r e la te o n ly to w o r k e r s w h ose sex
id e n tific a tio n w a s p r o v id e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
E a rn in g s data in
ta b le s A - 4 and A -5, on the o th e r hand, r e la t e to a ll w o r k e r s in an
occu p a tio n .
(S ee ap p en d ix A fo r p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia . )

rr

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for
selected occupational groups, adjusted for employment
shifts, in Billings, Mont., July 1975
J u ly 1974
to
Ju ly 1975

In d u stry and o c cu p a tio n a l
group

A l l in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and w o m e n )_______________________________
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m e n and w o m e n )________________
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n )____________________________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tra d es ( m e n ) ______________________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s (m en )

6.5
*
♦
16.8
9.0

N on m an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )_______________________________
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m e n and w o m e n )________________
In d u s tria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n )____________________________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce tra d es (m e n )______________________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s (m e n )_________________________________

7.1
*
*
*
*

*

Data do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

N O T E : Th e p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s p re s e n te d in th is ta b le a r e b a s e d on ch an ges in a v e ra g e
h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r e s ta b lis h m e n ts re p o rtin g the tre n d jo b s in both th e c u rre n t and p re v io u s
y e a r (m atch ed e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e y a re not a ffe c te d b y ch an ges in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s
re s u ltin g fr o m em p lo ym en t sh ifts am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in clu ded in su rvey s a m p le s .
T h e p e rc e n t in c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t ill a ffe c te d by fa c to r s
oth er than w a ge in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t an e s ta b lis h m e n t
a v e ra g e fo r an occupation when w o r k e r s a re p a id u nder plans p r o v id in g a ra n ge o f w a g e ra te s
fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s. In p e r io d s o f in c r e a s e d h ir in g , fo r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s e n te r at the
b ottom o f the ran ge, d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ithou t a change in w a g e r a te s .
T h e s e w age tre n d s a re not lin k ed to the w age in d e x e s p r e v io u s ly p u b lish ed fo r th is
a re a b eca u se the w age in d e x e s m e a s u re d ch an ges in a r e a a v e r a g e s w h e re a s th e s e w a ge tren d s
m e a s u re changes in m a tch ed e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e s .
O th er c h a r a c t e r is t ic s o f th e s e w a ge
tren d s w h ich d iffe r fr o m the discon tin u ed in d ex es in clu d e (1 ) ea rn in g s data o f o ffic e c le r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rs e s a re c o n v e rte d to an h o u rly b a s is , (2 ) tre n d e s tim a te s a re
p r o v id e d fo r non m an u factu rin g esta b lis h m e n ts w h e re p o s s ib le , and (3 ) tre n d e s tim a te s a re
p r o v id e d fo r e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g jo b s .
F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od used to com pu te th e s e w a g e t r e n d s , see
"Im p r o v in g A r e a W a ge S u rv e y I n d e x e s ," M on th ly L a b o r R e v ie w , Janu ary 1973, pp. 52-57.

Footnotes 1
3
2
1
to th e s e
2
and h a lf
3

S tan d ard h o u rs r e f le c t
w e e k ly h o u rs.
T h e m ean is co m p u ted
r e c e iv e l e s s than the
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay




the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t- tim e

s a la r ie s

(e x c lu s iv e o f p ay f o r o v e r t im e

at r e g u la r and/or p re m iu m

r a t e s ), and the ea rn in gs c o rre s p o n d

f o r ea ch jo b b y to ta lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m ed ia n d es ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
ra te shown.
T h e m id d le ran ge is d efin ed b y 2 ra te s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fou rth e a rn m o re than the h ig h e r rate.
f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e ek en d s, h o lid a y s , and* la te sh ifts .




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la t e d b e n e fits d a ta a re ob tain ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u rea u f ie ld r e p r e s e n t ­
a tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In e a ch o f th e in te rv e n in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on e m p lo y m e n t and
o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n of p e rs o n a l v is it ; m a il q u e s tio n n a ire , and telep h o n e
in t e r v ie w fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r tic ip a tin g in the p re v io u s s u rvey .
In ea ch o f th e 83 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u rv e y e d , data a re ob tain ed fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s try d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g; tra n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er
p u b lic u tilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l esta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u s try gro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e stu d ies a re g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n s tru c tio n and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d nu m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d
b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the occu p ation s studied.
S ep a ra te ta b u la tion s a re p r o v id e d fo r
e a ch o f the b ro a d in d u s try d iv is io n s w h ich m e'et p u b lica tion c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is .
T h e sam p lin g p ro c e d u re s in v o lv e d e ta ile d
s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s co p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a su rvey by in d u s try and n u m b er
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p ro b a b ility sa m p le is s e le c te d , w ith ea ch e s ta b lis h m e n t
h a vin g a p r e d e te r m in e d ch an ce o f s e le c tio n . T o obtain optim u m a c c u ra c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d . W hen data a re c o m b in ed , e a ch e s ta b lis h m e n t
is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ilit y o f s e le c tio n , so that unbiased e s tim a te s a r e g e n e ra te d .
For
e x a m p le , i f one out o f fo u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts i s s e le c te d , it is g iv e n a w eig h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f
plu s t h r e e o th e r s . An a lte rn a te o f th e s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is chosen in th e sam e in d u s t r y - s iz e
c la s s ific a t io n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l sa m p le m e m b e r .
I f n o su itab le su bstitu te is
a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.
O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
O ccu p ation s s e le c te d fo r study a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m an u factu rin g and n on m an u factu rin g
in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2 ) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3 )
m a in ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o vem en t. O ccu p ation al c la s s ific a t io n is
b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to tak e account o f in te re s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in th e s a m e jo b . O ccu p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r study a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
U n le s s o th e r w is e in d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s d ata fo llo w in g the jo b t it le s a re fo r a ll in d u s trie s co m b in ed .
E a rn in g s data fo r s o m e o f the o ccu p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in
oc c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b eca u se e ith e r (1 ) em p lo y m en t in the occu pation
is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. S e p a ra te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a rn in g s data a re not p r e s e n te d when the
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not id e n t ifie d b y sex is 20 p e rc e n t o r m o r e of the m en o r w om en id e n tifie d in an
o ccu p ation .
E a rn in g s data not shown s e p a r a te ly fo r in d u stry d iv is io n s a re in clu d ed in a ll in d u s trie s
c o m b in e d data, w h e r e shown.
L ik e w is e , data a re in clu d ed in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a t io n when a sub­
c la s s ific a t io n o f e le c t r o n ic s te c h n ic ia n s , s e c r e t a r ie s , o r tr u c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r in fo rm a tio n to
s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a re shown fo r fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ir e d
to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h ed u le. E a rn in g s data ex clu d e p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . N o n p ro d u ctio n bonuses a re ex clu d ed , but c o s t - o f - liv in g a llo w a n c e s
and in c e n tiv e b o n u ses a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h ou rs fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l
o ccu p a tio n s r e f e r to th e sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (rou n d ed to the n e a re s t h a lf hou r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e at re g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th e s e o ccu p a tio n s a re rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a rn in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s tim a te s . In d u s trie s and e sta b lish m en ts d iffe r
in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s fo r each job .
Pay
a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f le c t a c c u r a te ly the w a g e d iffe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in in d ivid u a l e s ta b lish m en ts.
A v e r a g e p ay le v e ls f o r m en and w om en in s e le c te d occu p a tion s should not be assu m ed to
r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in p ay o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . F a c t o r s w h ich m a y con trib u te
to d iffe r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te ra n g e s , s in ce on ly the ra te s p aid incum bents
a re c o lle c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific d u ties w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u rv e y job d e s c rip tio n s .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s u sed to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u rv e y s u su a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose used
in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific
d u ties p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the scope
of the study and not the n u m b er a c tu a lly s u rv e y e d . B eca u se o ccu p a tio n a l stru c tu re s am ong e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts d if f e r , e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob tain ed fr o m the s a m p le o f e sta b lish m en ts stu died
s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te th e r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f th e jo b s stu died. T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p ation al
stru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y o f the ea rn in g s data.
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n a l gro u p s
The
A nnual r a te s
span b etw een
in c r e a s e d at

p e r c e n ts o f change in ta b le A - 7 r e la te to w a ge ch an ges b etw een the in d ic a te d dates.
o f in c r e a s e , w h e r e shown, r e f le c t th e amount o f in c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths when the tim e
s u rv e y s w a s o th e r than 12 m on th s. Annual r a te s a r e b a s e d on the assu m ption that w a g es
a con stan t r a te b etw een s u r v e y s .

O ccu p ation s u sed to com pu te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
C le r k s , a cco u n tin g, c la s s e s A and B
C le r k s , f i l e , c la s s e s A , B , and C
~
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s e s A and B
M essen gers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
S w itch b o a rd o p e r a to r s
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s , c la s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s , c la s s e s A , B ,
and C

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (m en
and w o m e n )— Continued
C o m p u te r s y s te m s a n a lysts, c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
In d u s tria l n u rs e s (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s tr ia l (r e g is t e r e d )
S k ille d m ain ten a n ce (m e n ):
C a r p e n te r s
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in te r s
P ip e fit t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d plan t (m e n ):
J a n ito rs , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e rs
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling

P e r c e n t ch an ges f o r in d iv id u a l a re a s in the p r o g r a m a re co m p u ted as fo llo w s :

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f occu p a tion a l e a rn in g s in an a r e a at a p a r tic u la r tim e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e fle c t e x p e c te d w a g e ch an ges.
T h e a v e r a g e s fo r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ffe c te d by ch an ges in w a g es and em p lo y m en t p a tte rn s .
For
e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m ay ch an ge, o r h ig h -w a g e
w o r k e r s m a y ad van ce to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such s h ifts in
e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e ven though m o st e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a
in c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a rn in g s o f occu p a tion a l gro u p s , shown in ta b le A - 7,
a re b e t t e r in d ic a to r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the grou ps.

1. E ach occu p ation is a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te em p lo y m en t in the s e le c te d
gro u p o f occu p a tion s in th e b a s e y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u sed to com pu te gro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o ccu p a tio n 's a v e ra g e (m ea n )
e a rn in g s is m u ltip lie d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p ro d u c ts a r e to ta le d to obtain a gro u p a v e ra g e .
3. T h e r a t io o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is co m p u ted by d iv id in g the a v e ra g e
f o r the c u rre n t y e a r by th e a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e re s u lts — e x p r e s s e d as a p e rc e n t— le s s 100
is the p e r c e n t change.

1 Personal visits were on a 2 -year c y cle before July 1972.
2 Included in the 83 areas are 13 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x . ; Binghamton,
N. Y . —Pa. ; Birmingham, A la . ; Fort Lauderdale—H ollywood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, Fla. ; Lexington—Fayette, K y . ; Melbourne—Titu sville—
Cocoa, F la .; N orfolk—V irgin ia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N’. Y . ; Raleigh—
Durham, N. C . ; Syracuse, N . Y . ; U tica—Rom e, N . Y . ; and Westchester County, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in
approxim ately 70 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor.

T a b u la tio n s on s e le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r ie s
t a b le s ) a re not p r e s e n te d in th is b u lle tin .
In fo rm a tio n fo r these, tab u lation s is c o lle c te d at 3 - y e a r
in te r v a ls . 1 T h e s e ta b u la tio n s on m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift
d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs and d a ys; p a id h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in su ra n ce, and
p en sion plans a re p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s fo r th is a rea.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Billings, M o n t.,1 July 1975
In d u s try d iv is io n 2

A l l d i v i s i o n s _________ _________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________ __________________
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 ________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e 6 ______________ ____ ___________
R e ta il tra d e 6_________________ ____________________
F in a n ce, in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6_______
S e r v ic e s 6 7
____________________________________

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b lis h m en ts in scope
o f study

_
50

50
50
50
50
50

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n t.

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in scope o f s tu d y 4

W ith in scope
o f study *

Studied

77

50

8 ,2 50

100

6 ,4 02

19
58

16
34

2 ,4 8 4

30

5, 766

70

2, 329
4, 073

11

6

1 ,694

20

1,3 07

8
24

6
12

5

3
7

10

Studied
N u m b er

P ercen t

675

8

471

2 ,0 3 5
545
817

25
7

1, 3 0 3
330
662

10

1 T h e B illin g s Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and B udget throu gh F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is ts
o f Y e llo w s to n e County.
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in scop e o f stu d y " e s tim a te s shown in th is table p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e
and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u rv e y .
E s tim a te s a r e not in ten ded, h o w e v e r , fo r c o m p a ris o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s
to m e a s u re e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1 ) planning o f w a g e s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s esta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad va n ce o f the
p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e exclu d ed fr o m the sco p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1967 ed itio n o f the S tandard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w a s used in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m en ts by in d u s try d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l ou tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s tr ie s
such as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lish m en t.
4 In c lu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in the a re a ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e e x clu d ed .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s .
S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data
is not m a d e fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2 ) the s a m p le
w as not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , (3 ) re s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4 ) th e r e
is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ; a u tom ob ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit
m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a rc h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y pu rpose o f p re p a rin g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w a g e s u r v e y ' is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p ro p ria te
o c cu p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a re e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a r e a to a re a .
T h is p e r m its the grou p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e ra te s re p r e s e n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f th is em p h a s is on
in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o ccu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d if f e r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th o se in use in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose p re p a re d fo r o th e r p u rp o s e s .
In a pplyin g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a re in s tru c te d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e rs ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n dicapped, p a r t - t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

O FF IC E

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e o th er than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic
t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k eep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a rg e s o r p e r fo r m o th er c l e r i c a l w o rk
in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s , b i lle r s , m a ch in e, a re c la s s ifie d b y typ e of
m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :

P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accou n tin g c l e r i c a l ta sk s such as p ostin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
re c o n c ilin g bank accou n ts; v e r ify in g the in te r n a l c o n s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a ccu ra cy
o f accou n tin g docu m en ts; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; exa m in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u ra c y v a r io u s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g , e tc .; o r p re p a rin g s im p le o r
a s s is tin g in p re p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s . M a y w o rk in e ith e r a m anual o r autom ated
accou n tin g s y s te m .

B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m achine (c o m b in a tio n typ in g and
adding m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s to m e r s ' p u rch ase o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ra n d u m s , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s ap p lica tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d discou n ts and
sh ippin g c h a r g e s and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m ay not be com pu ted on the b illin g
m a c h in e , and t o ta ls w h ich a r e a u t o m a tic a lly accu m u lated by m ach in e. T h e o p era tio n u su ally in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b er o f c a rb o n c o p ie s o f the b i l l b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a ch in e.
B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U ses a book k eep in g m ach in e (w ith o r w ithout a
t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p art o f the accounts r e c e iv a b le o p e ra tio n .
G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the s im u lta n eo u s e n tr y o f fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m ach in e
a u to m a tic a lly a cc u m u la te s fig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com putes and u su ally p rin ts
a u to m a tic a lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow led ge o f book k eep in g. W o rk s fr o m
u n ifo rm and stan d ard ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m eth od s and o ffic e p r a c tic e s and p ro c e d u re s w hich
r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tra n s a c tio n s and accounting in fo rm a tio n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the b ook k eep in g and accounting te r m s and
p r o c e d u re s used in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to h ave a k n o w led g e of the fo r m a l p r in c ip le s
o f b ook k eep in g and accou n tin g.
P o s itio n s

a re c la s s if ie d in to le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s.

G la s s A. U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n tin g c le r i c a l o p era tio n s w hich re q u ir e
the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e
and ju d g m e n t, f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p ro c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r
n o n r e p e titiv e accou n tin g tr a n s a c tio n s , s e le c tin g am ong a su b sta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r ib e d accounting
co d es and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r t r a c in g tra n s a c tio n s though p re v io u s accounting action s to d e te rm in e
s o u rc e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M a y be a s s is te d b y one o r m o r e c la s s B accounting c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a te s a b o o k k eep in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ithout a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d of
b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w led ge of a n d ' e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eep in g
p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tr u c tu r e o f the p a r tic u la r accounting s y s te m used.
D e te rm in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be used in each phase o f the w o rk . M a y
p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th er r e c o r d s by hand.

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p hases o r s e c tio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su ally
re q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r sectio n s inclu de accounts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' accou nts (not in c lu d in g a s im p le typ e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), cost
d is tr ib u tio n , e x p en se d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc. M a y check o r a ssist in p r e p a ra tio n o f t r i a l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l s h eets fo r the accounting dep artm en t.




C la s s B . U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s and s ta n d a rd ized p r o c e d u r e s ,
p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accou n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as p ostin g to le d g e r s , c a rd s , o r
w o rk s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a re c le a r ly in d ica ted ; ch eckin g
a c c u ra c y and c o m p le te n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r accounting docum ents; and coding
docu m en ts using a fe w p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c la s s if ie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sys te m .
M a y p e r fo r m
c le r i c a l and m anu al ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in file s . P o s itio n s a r e c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis
o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A .
C la s s ifie s and
d ocu m en ts, e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d
M a y a ls o f i l e th is m a t e r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r l e v e l

in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such as c o rre s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r ts , te c h n ic a l
f ilin g s y s te m con tain in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d su b ject m a tte r file s .
k eep r e c o r d s of v a r io u s ty p e s in conjunction w ith the f ile s .
M ay
f ile c le r k s .

S E C R E T A R Y — C ont in ue d
C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and fi l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) headings
o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r su bheadings. P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
aids. As re q u e s te d , lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in file s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M a y p e r fo r m
re la te d c l e r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f ile s .
C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tine filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b een c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is
e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n
s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r
n u m e ric a l). A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in fi l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m ay
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a rg e . M a y p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m an u al ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and
s e r v ic e f ile s .
C L E R K , ORDER

N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the ab ove c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
p o s itio n s w hich a re ex clu d ed fr o m the d e fin itio n a r e as fo llo w s :
a.

P o s itio n s w h ich do not m e e t the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y co n cep t d e s c r ib e d

b.

S ten o g ra p h ers

c . S te n o g ra p h e rs
m a n a g e r ia l p erso n s;

CLERK, PA Y R O LL
C om pu tes w a g e s o f com p an y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh eets.
D uties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s b a sed on t im e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; and p ostin g
c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll sh e e t, show ing in fo rm a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e, w o rk in g d ays, t im e ,
ra te , dedu ctions fo r in s u ra n c e , and to ta l w a g e s due. M a y m ake out p a y ch eck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r
in m aking up and d is trib u tin g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M a y use a c a lc u la tin g m a ch in e.
KEYPUNCH O PE R ATO R
O p e ra te s a keypunch m ach in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y
c a rd s o r on tape.
a re c la s s ifie d in to l e v e ls

a lp h a b etic an d/or n u m e r ic data on tabu latin g

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A . W o rk r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t in s e le c tin g p r o c e d u r e s
to be fo llo w e d and in s e a rc h in g fo r , in te r p r e tin g , s e le c tin g , o r cod in g ite m s to be keypu n ch ed f r o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u rc e docu m en ts. On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m so m e rou tin e keypunch w o rk . M a y tra in
in e x p e rie n c e d keypunch o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B . W o rk is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c lo s e s u p e rv is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p ro c e d u re s o r in s tru c tio n s , w o rk s f r o m v a r io u s s ta n d a rd iz e d s o u rc e d ocu m en ts w h ich h a ve been cod ed ,
and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p ro c e d u r e s w h ich have b een p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ir e lit t le o r no s e le c tin g ,
co d in g, o r in te r p r e tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r p ro b le m s a ris in g fr o m e r ro n e o u s
ite m s or co d es o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .
M ESSENGER

E x a m p le s of

ab ove;

not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l ty p e d u ties;
s e rv in g

as

o ffic e

a s s is ta n ts

to

a g ro u p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l,

d. S e c r e ta r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the d u ties a r e e it h e r su b s ta n tia lly m o r e
s ta n tia lly m o re co m p le x and re s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in th e d e fin itio n ;

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e rs * o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e b y m a il, phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
Duties in v o lv e any com b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g ; Q u oting p r ic e s to c u s to m e r s ; m ak in g out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ak e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu a n tities o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet;
and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M a y ch eck w ith c r e d it d ep a rtm en t
to d e te rm in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r , ack n o w led ge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up
o r d e r s to see that th ey have been f ille d , k eep f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch eck shipping in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

P o s itio n s

E x clu sio n s

te c h n ic a l,

or

ro u tin e o r sub­

e.
A s s is ta n t typ e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l,
a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l d u ties w h ich a re not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l
w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m "c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to th ose
o ffic ia ls who h ave a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r com p an y
a c t iv it ie s .
The t it le " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o le , d oes not in a ll c a s e s
id e n tify such p o s itio n s . V ic e p re s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to act p e r s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r tra n s a c tio n s (e .g ., ap p rove o r deny in d iv id u a l loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ; a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l
tr u s t accounts; d ir e c t ly s u p e rv is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u rp o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch airm an o f the b o a rd o r p re s id e n t o f a co m p a n y th at e m p lo y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t) o f a
com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l , o f a m a jo r segm en t
o r s u b s id ia ry o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
G la ss B
1. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; or

in a ll,

2. S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r than th e c h a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a
com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l, o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e ­
w id e fu n ction a l a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e t c . ) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ; a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pan y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tine du ties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ch in es
such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk . E xclu d e
p o sitio n s that re q u ir e o p e ra tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5. S e c r e ta r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t (e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a gem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t o ften in v o lv in g as m an y as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c lo s e and h igh ly
r e s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y -to -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d ep en d en tly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e rv is io n and gu id an ce. P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties, u su ally in clu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
a.
R e c e iv e s tele p h o n e c a lls , p e r s o n a l c a lle r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e rs rou tin e in q u ir e s ,
and rou tes te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e rs o n s ;
b.

M ain ta in s the s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k es

d.
v i s o r 's

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

m a in ta in s ,

and r e v is e s the

s u p e r v is o r 's

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

P e r fo r m s

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o rd in a tes;

s te n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o rk .

M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f c o m p a ra b le natu re and d iffic u lty .
T h e w o rk ty p ic a lly re q u ir e s k n o w led g e o f o ffic e ro u tin e and u n d erstan d in g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p ro c e d u re s re la te d to the w o rk o f th e s u p e r v is o r .




e tc .

(o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t

le v e l of

C la s s C
1. S e c r e ta r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t to
one
o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situ ation s in the d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B , but w h ose o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit
n o r m a lly n u m bers at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d into o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n ts
w h ich a re often , in tu rn , fu rth e r su b d ivid ed . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in clu d es a w id e ra n ge of
o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e rs , only one o r tw o ; o r

file s ;

appoin tm en ts as in s tru c te d ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d b y o th ers fo r the s u p e r ­
sig n a tu re to a s s u re p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a c c u ra c y ;
f.

fa c to ry ,

2. S e c r e ta r y to the head of an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

fa c t o r y ,

e tc .

(o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f

C la s s D
1. S e c r e ta r y to the
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

s u p e r v is o r

or

h ead

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a tio n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2. S e c r e ta r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o ry s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e
o f f ic e r , o r a s sista n t, s k ille d tech n icia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M a n y co m p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s ,
ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )

P r i m a r y duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n using shorthand, and to t r a n s c r ib e th e d ic ta tio n . M a y a ls o
ty p e fr o m w r itte n co p y .
M a y o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e fr o m
v o ic e
r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is t r a n s c r ib in g fr o m
r e c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c rib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a to r , G e n e r a l).

O p e ra te s one o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r , c o lla t o r , in t e r p r e t e r ,
s o r t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, e tc . E x c lu d e d fr o m th is d e fin itio n a r e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o exclu d ed
a re o p e r a to r s o f e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u te rs , ev e n though th e y m ay a ls o o p era te E A M equipm ent.

N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o rk s
in a c o n fid e n tia l re la tio n s h ip w ith o n ly one m a n a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and
d is c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

C la s s A. P e r fo r m s c o m p le te re p o r tin g and ta b u la tin g a ss ig n m e n ts inclu ding d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n tr o l pan el w ir in g u nder g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lon g and
c o m p le x r e p o r ts w h ich often a r e i r r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , re q u irin g so m e planning o f the n atu re and
seq u en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and the use o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s . Is ty p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new
o p e r a to r s in m ach in e o p e ra tio n s o r tra in in g lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s and in
the o p e ra tin g seq u en ces o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
D oes not in clu d e p o sitio n s in w hich w irin g
r e s p o n s ib ility is lim it e d to s e le c tio n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a rd s .

S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e r a l
D icta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la ry .
o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .

M a y m ain tain

file s ,

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S te n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
r e p o r ts

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l ,o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry such as in le g a l
on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up and m ain tain f il e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .

b r ie fs

or

OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r indepen den ce and r e s p o n s ib ility
than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u ir e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g ra p h ic
sp e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u sin ess and o ffic e p ro c e d u r e ; and o f
the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e tc . U s e s th is
k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p
f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; com p osin g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m
g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; re a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le used w ith a p r iv a te b ra n ch exch an ge (P B X )
s y s te m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a - s y s t e m c a lls .
M a y p ro v id e in fo r m a tio n to c a lle r s ,
r e c o r d and t r a n s m it m e s s a g e s , k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a rg e s .
B e s id e s o p e ra tin g a
te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r ic a l w o r k (typ in g o r rou tin e
c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y o ccu p y the m a jo r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r ’ s tim e , and is u su ally p e r fo r m e d w h ile at
the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le ).
C h ie f o r le a d o p e r a to r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a to r a r e ex c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w ho a ls o acts as a re c e p tio n is t, see S w itc h b o a rd O p e r a to r R e c e p tio n is t.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a s in g le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as an o p e r a to r — see S w itc h ­
b o a rd O p e r a to r — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p t io n is t 's w o rk in v o lv e s such duties as g r e e tin g v is it o r s ;
d e te r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p ro p ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e f e r r in g v is i t o r to
a p p r o p r ia te p e rs o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n , o r co n ta ctin g that p e rs o n b y telep h on e and a rra n g in g an
ap p oin tm en t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

P o s itio n s

a r e c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin itio n s.

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o rk a c c o rd in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and under s p e c ific in stru ctio n s.
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but rou tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts o r p a rts o f la r g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r ts .
O p e ra te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r ic a l accou n tin g m ach in es such as the
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in ad d ition to the s im p le r m a ch in es used b y c la s s C o p e r a to r s .
M a y be
r e q u ir e d to do so m e w ir in g fr o m d ia g ra m s .
M a y tra in n ew e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m ach in e o p era tio n s.
C la s s C . U n d er s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s , o p e r a te s s im p le tab u latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accounting
m a ch in es such as th e s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A ssig n m en ts ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o rtio n s o f a w o rk unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o rtin g o r c o lla tin g runs, o r r e p e titiv e
o p e ra tio n s .
M a y p e r fo r m s im p le w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s , and do so m e filin g w ork .
T R A N S C R IB IN G :-M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e vo c a b u la ry fr o m tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r itte n cop y and do s im p le c le r ic a l w o rk . W o r k e r s
tr a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as le g a l b r ie fs o r
re p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a re not in clu d ed .
A w o r k e r w ho ta k es d icta tio n in shorthand o r by
S ten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s ifie d as a s te n o g ra p h e r.
T Y P IS T
U ses a t y p e w r it e r to m ak e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e out b ills a fte r calcu la tio n s
have been m a d e b y an oth er p e rs o n .
M a y in clu d e ty p in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r
use in du p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l tra in in g , such as k eep in g
s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is trib u tin g in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m when it
in v o lv e s com b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n ,
punctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n lan gu age m a t e r ia l; or planning layou t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity and b a la n ce in sp acin g. M ay typ e routine
fo r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to su it c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C op y ty p in g f r o m rough o r c le a r d ra fts ;
o r rou tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in su ra n ce p o lic ie s , e tc ; o r settin g up s im p le standard ta b u la tion s; or
co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

PRO FES SIO NAL A N D TECHNICAL
CO M PU TER OPERATO R

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

M o n ito rs and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l co m p u ter to p ro c e s s data c c c o r d in g to
o p e ra tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o rk in clu d es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
S tu d ies in s tru c tio n s to d e te r m in e eq u ip m en t setu p and o p e ra tio n s ; loa d s equ ipm en t >tfith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (ta p e r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equ ipm en t into c ir c u it , and s ta rts and
o p e r a te s c o m p u te r; m a k e s a d ju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p ro b le m s and m e e t s p e c ia l
c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s
errors
m a d e d u rin g o p e ra tio n and d e te rm in e s cause o r r e f e r s p r o b le m to
s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
p rogram .

C la s s B .
O p e ra te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n der on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u ter running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a re e s ta b lis h e d p rodu ction
ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r no te s tin g o f n ew p ro g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a jo r change o r cannot be
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly tim e . In co m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s , d ia g n o s e s cau se and ta k es c o r r e c t iv e
a ctio n .
T h is u su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t iv e s tep s, o r using standard
c o r r e c t io n tec h n iq u e s .
OR

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e r a to r s

a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s __A .
O p e ra te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N ew p r o g r a m s
are fr e q u e n tly te s te d and
in tro d u c e d ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o rta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e; the p r o g r a m s
a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u rce often re q u ir e s a w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f the
t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c tio n and g u id an ce to
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a to r s .




O p e ra te s u nder d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r segm en ts o f p ro g r a m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e ra to r b y in depen den tly
p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s
and w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o r k s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u nder c lo s e s u p e rv is io n . Is e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u te r equ ip m en t u sed and a b ility to d e te c t p ro b le m s in v o lv e d in running rou tine
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e ra tio n . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n v e rts sta tem en ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to a
sequ en ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s b y au tom a tic data p ro c e s s in g
equipm ent. W o rk in g fr o m c h a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in s tru c tio n s w h ich ,
when e n te re d in to the c o m p u te r s y s te m in co d e d la n g u a g e , ca u se th e m an ip u la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e
d e s ir e d r e s u lts .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilitie s ,
m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u te rs , and p a r t ic u la r s u b ject m a tte r in v o lv e d to a n a ly ze c h a rts
and d ia g ra m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s eq u en ce o f p r o g r a m s tep s; w r it e s d e ta ile d
flo w c h a rts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th e s e c h a rts to c o d e d in s tru c tio n s
fo r m ach in e to fo llo w ; t e s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tru c tio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e rs o n n e l
d u rin g p rod u ction run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p r o g r a m s t o in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e ffic ie n c y o r
adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is
the s k ill used to d e te rm in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily re s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a gem en t o r s u p e rv is io n o f o th er
e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n t ific and/or
e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e study p u rp o s e s ,

p rogra m m ers

a re c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u nder o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p eten ce in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m m in g c o n cep ts and p r a c t ic e s .
W o rk in g f r o m d ia g ra m s
and c h a rts w h ich id e n tify the n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and the re la tio n s h ip s b etw een v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e; plans the fu ll ra n ge
o f p ro g ra m m in g action s n e e d e d to e f fic ie n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d
end p rodu cts.
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r equ ip m en t m u st b e o r g a n iz e d to
p rod u ce s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a ctio n s m u st o c c u r. T h is r e q u ir e s such action s as
d evelop m en t o f com m on o p e ra tio n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e poin ts b etw een
o p e ra tio n s , a d ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m re q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and
su b stan tial m a n ip u lation and re s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M ay

p r o v id e

fu n ctio n a l

d ir e c tio n to

lo w e r l e v e l

p rogra m m ers

w ho a re

s y s te m s

a n a ly s ts a r e c l a s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g
a ll p h a ses o f s y s te m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and
m u ltip le -u s e re q u ire m e n ts o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d p ro d u c tio n sch e d u lin g ,
in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is
a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia te d
b y the c o m p u te r .) C o n fe rs w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e th e data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a tte r p e rs o n n e l on th e im p lic a tio n s o f n ew o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g
o p e ra tio n s . M akes re c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch an ges
and fo r obtaining equipm ent.
M a y p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l d ir e c tio n t o lo w e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s ts w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.
C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly
u n co m p lica ted to a n a ly z e , p lan , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e
s o u r c e s o f input data a re h om ogen eou s and th e output d a ta a r e c lo s e ly r e la te d . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s
s y s te m s fo r m ain ta in in g d e p o s ito r accou nts in a bank, m a in ta in in g accou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il
e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to ry accou n ts in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.)
C o n fe r s w ith p e rs o n s c o n c e rn e d to d e te r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c tm a tte r p e rs o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f th e data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be ap p lied .
OR
W o rk s on a s eg m en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A.
W o rk s in d ep en d en tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru c tio n and gu id a n ce on c o m p le x
a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u ra c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u re
p r o p e r a lign m en t w ith the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s under im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and exp an d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in the
a p p lic a tio n of p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s is t a
h ig h e r l e v e l s y s te m s an a lyst b y p re p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d b y p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m
in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y the h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly st.

a s s ig n e d t o a s s is t.

C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u n der on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su a lly p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to
p rod u ce data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u en ces o r fo r m a ts .
R e p o rts and lis t in g s a re p ro d u c e d by
re fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r ad d ition s to o r d e le tio n s f r o m input data w h ich a re
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y be p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e fin e d in p r io r
action s so that the a c c u ra c y and sequ en cin g o f d a ta can be t e s te d b y usin g a fe w rou tin e ch eck s.
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith ro u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e ra tio n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) under c lo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g
le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s under f a i r l y c lo s e d ire c tio n .
M a y guide o r in s tru c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s and co n c e p ts u su a lly le a r n e d
in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f
stan d ard p r o c e d u r e s to rou tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e rv is io n on n ew a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo rm a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E SS
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y use o f e le c t r o n ic
data p ro c e s s in g equ ip m en t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s n e e d e d to en a b le
p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t-m a tte r o p e ra tio n s to be au tom ated and id e n tifie s c o n d itio n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to
a c h ieve s a tis fa c to r y re s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and docu m en ts to b e used;
ou tlin es action s to b e p e r fo r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r p re s e n ta tio n to
m an agem en t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f w o rk and data flo w c h a r ts );
co o rd in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p ro b le m s and p a r tic ip a te s in t r i a l runs o f n ew and r e v is e d s y s te m s ;
and re c o m m e n d s equ ip m en t ch an ges to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll o p e r a tio n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g should b e c la s s if ie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is
th e s k ill u sed to d e te rm in e t h e ir p a y .)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g em en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r
e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a ly sts p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d w ith s c ie n t ific o r
e n g in e e rin g p ro b le m s .




F o r w age study p u rp o s e s ,

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a v in g d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a tu r e s
that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n ts . W o r k s in c lo s e su p p ort w ith the d esig n
o r ig in a t o r , and m a y re c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g es.
A n a ly z e s the e ffe c t o f e a c h ch an ge on the
d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f co m p o n en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o r k is r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y
w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e te rm in a tio n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a tio n by
lo w e r l e v e l d r a ft e r s .
C la s s _ B . P e r f o r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n
o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd iz e d d ra w in g tec h n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u sed. D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c is e
p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s b etw een co m p o n en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l d ra w in g s f o r c o n s tru c tio n o f a
b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s, w a ll s e c tio n s , fl o o r p la n s , and r o o f. U s e s a c c e p te d
fo r m u la s and m anu als in m ak in g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r ia ls to be
u sed , lo a d c a p a c itie s , s tre n g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and
a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k is c h e c k e d fo r t e c h n ic a l a d equ acy.
C la s s _ C .
P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r ts f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tru c tio n ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u rp o s e s .
T y p e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ic tin g th re e d im e n s io n s in a cc u ra te s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f co m p on en ts
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s and a d ju sts o r
t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m eth o d s o f a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , and a d v ic e on
s o u r c e m a te r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tr u c tio n s a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts
recu r.
W o rk m a y be s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs b y p la c in g tr a c in g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s
and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to plan s p r im a r ily c o n s is tin g o f
s tra ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
AND /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o r k is c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

W o rk s on
co m b in a tio n o f the
c o n s tru c tin g , and
p r in c ip le s , a b ility

v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equ ipm ent and re la te d d e v ic e s by p e r fo r m in g one o r a
fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g , m a in ta in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e rh a u lin g , tro u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g ,
te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tion o f te c h n ic a l k n o w led g e o f e le c t r o n ic s
to d e te r m in e m a lfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equ ipm ent in re q u ire d o p e ra tin g con d ition .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p re h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge to s o lv e c o m p le x p ro b le m s (i. e . , th ose
that . t y p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly in te r p r e tin g m a n u fa c tu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic equ ip m en t. W o rk in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r it y w ith the in t e r r e la t io n ­
ships o f c ir c u it s ; and ju d gm en t in d e te rm in in g w o rk sequ en ce and in s e le c tin g to o ls and testin g
in s tru m e n ts , u su ally le s s c o m p le x than th o se used by the c la s s A tech n icia n .

T h e equ ip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e it h e r m any d iffe re n t kinds o f c ir c u its o r m u ltip le r e p e titio n of
the s a m e kind o f c ir c u it — in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d to , the fo llo w in g :
(a ) E le c t r o n ic tra n s m ittin g
and r e c e iv in g eq u ip m en t (e . g . , r a d a r , r a d io , te le v is io n , te lep h o n e, son ar, n a v ig a tio n a l a id s ), (b)
d ig ita l and an alog c o m p u te r s , and ( c ) in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u rin g and c o n tr o llin g equ ip m en t.

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n , and
w o rk is r e v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c tic e s and w o rk a ssign m en ts. M ay p ro v id e
te c h n ic a l gu idan ce to lo w e r l e v e l tec h n ic ia n s .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x c lu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f such stan dard e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent as co m m o n o ffic e
m a c h in e s and h ou seh old r a d io and t e le v is io n s e ts ; p rodu ction a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose
p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m en ts; tech n icia n s who have a d m in is tr a tiv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e rs .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g te c h n ic a l k n o w led ge to p e r fo r m s im p le o r rou tine tasks in w ork in g
on e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m en t, fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v ir t u a lly all p ro c e d u re s .
W ork
ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s such ta sk s as: A s s is tin g h ig h e r l e v e l tech n ic ia n s by p e r fo r m in g such a c tiv itie s as
re p la c in g com p o n en ts, w ir in g c ir c u it s , and ta k in g te s t re a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c tr o n ic equipm ent;
and using to o ls and com m on te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., m u ltim e te r s , audio sig n a l g e n e r a to r s , tube t e s t e r s ,
o s c illo s c o p e s ). Is not r e q u ir e d to be fa m ilia r w ith the in te r r e la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u its . T h is k n ow led ge,
h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u ire d th rou gh a ss ig n m e n ts d esig n ed to in c r e a s e co m p e te n c e (in clu din g c la s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) so that w o r k e r can advan ce to h ig h e r l e v e l tech n icia n .

P o s itio n s

a re c la s s ifie d in to le v e ls

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

R e c e iv e s te c h n ic a l gu id a n ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l tech n ician . W ork
is t y p ic a lly spot c h eck ed , but is g iv e n d e ta ile d r e v ie w when new o r advan ced assign m en ts a re in vo lved .

G la s s A .
A p p lie s ad va n ced te c h n ic a l k n ow led ge to s o lv e unusually c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . ,
th o se that t y p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
r e fe r e n c e to m anufactu re r s 1 m an u als o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m en t.
E x a m p les o f such p ro b le m s in clu d e lo c a tio n and
d e n s ity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c t r o - m a g n e t ic ra d ia tio n , is o la tin g m a lfu n ctio n s, and fre q u e n t e n g in e e rin g
ch a n ges.
W o rk in v o lv e s :
A d e ta ile d u n derstan din g of the in te rre la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g
in d ep en d en t ju d g m en t in p e r fo r m in g such ta s k s as m aking c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e fo r m s ,
tr a c in g r e la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x te s t in stru m en ts (e .g ., dual tr a c e
o s c illo s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , pu lse g e n e r a to r s ).
W o rk m a y be r e v ie w e d b y
c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an e n g in e e r or d e s ig n e r )
M a y p ro v id e te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r l e v e l

fo r g e n e r a l
te c h n ic ia n s .

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to i l l o r in ju red
e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an accid en t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c to r y o r
o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g fir s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; attending to subsequent d re s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e ep in g r e c o r d s o f patien ts tre a te d ;
p r e p a r in g a ccid en t r e p o r ts fo r com p en sa tio n o r o th e r p u rp o s e s ; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l ex am in ation s and
h ealth e va lu a tio n s o f ap p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p ro g ra m s in v o lv in g health
ed u ca tion , a ccid en t p re v e n tio n , eva lu a tio n o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r o th e r a c tiv itie s a ffe c tin g the health,
w e lfa r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e rs o n n e l. N u rs in g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u rses in esta b lish m en ts em p lo yin g
m o r e than one n u rse a re exclu d ed .

M A IN TE N A N C E AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn is h the esta b lis h m e n t in w hich e m p lo y ed w ith h eat, p o w e r ,
o r s tea m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e by hand o r o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r, g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; and
c h eck s w a t e r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o ile r r o o m equ ipm en t.

A s s is ts one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten an ce t r a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r
g e n e r a l du ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; clean in g
w o rk in g a re a , m a c h in e , and equ ip m en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn ey m a n by holding m a te r ia ls o r to o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c te d by jo u rn ey m a n . T h e kind o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e rm itte d
to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tr a d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e tra d e s the h e lp e r is co n fin ed to su pplying, liftin g ,
and h old in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m
s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
fu ll- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru ct and m aintain in g ood r e p a ir building
w o o d w o rk and eq u ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , co u n te rs , b en ch es, p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , flo o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w ood in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g : Plan n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in stru ctio n s; using a v a r ie t y o f
c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls, p o rta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and standard m e a s u rin g in stru m en ts; m akin g stan d ard
shop com p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu nctions such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, or
r e p a ir o f equ ip m en t fo r the g e n e r a tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o st of the fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any of a v a r ie ty o f e l e c t r ic a l equ ipm en t
such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , h eatin g units,
conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t; w o rk in g fr o m b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , or
o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l sy stem o r eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g
sta n d a rd com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to lo a d re q u ir e m e n ts o f w ir in g o r e le c t r ic a l equ ip m en t; and using a
v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n 's h an d tools and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m a in te n a n c e e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou nded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e ra te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e rv is e the o p era tio n of s ta tio n a ry e n g in es and
eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su pply the esta b lis h m e n t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, h eat,
r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m ain tain in g equ ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu rb in e s , ve n tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a t in g eq u ip m en t,
s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pum ps; m a k in g equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; and keepin g a r e c o r d o f o p era tio n
o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tion .
M a y a ls o s u p e rv is e th ese o p e ra tio n s .
H ead o r
c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re exclu ded.




M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e ra tin g one o r m o r e than one typ e o f m ach in e to o l (e .g ., j i g b o r e r , grin d in g
m a c h in e , en gin e la th e, m illin g m a c h in e ) to m a ch in e m e ta l fo r use in m akin g o r m ain tain in g jig s ,
fix tu r e s , cutting t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r m e ta l d ies o r m o ld s used in shaping o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ). W o rk t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
Planning and p e r fo r m in g
d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e ra tio n s w h ich r e q u ir e c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e of a cc u ra c y ; settin g
up m ach in e to o l o r to o ls (e . g . , in s ta ll cu tting t o o ls and adjust gu id e s , s to p s, w o rk in g ta b le s , and oth er
c o n tro ls to handle the s iz e o f stock to be m ach in ed ; d e te rm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , sp eed s, to o lin g , and
o p e ra tio n sequ en ce o r s e le c t th o se p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s , b lu e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie ty o f
p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m akin g n e c e s s a r y a dju stm en ts during m ach in in g o p era tio n to a ch ieve
re q u is ite d im en sio n s to v e r y c lo s e t o le r a n c e s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r coola n ts and cutting
and lu b ric a tin g o ils , to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, the w ork
o f a m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r , to o lr o o m , at the s k ill l e v e l c a lle d fo r in th is c la s s ific a tio n r e q u ire s
e x te n s iv e k n o w led ge o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d through c o n s id e ra b le
o n -th e -jo b tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e study p u rp o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n
o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m , e m p lo y e d in t o o l- a n d - d ie jo b b in g shops.

does not

in clu d e m a c h in e -to o l

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P ro d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and n ew p a rts in m akin g r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l
equ ip m en t o p e ra te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : in te rp re tin g w ritte n
in s tru c tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o rk ; using a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t's handtools
and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g sta n d a rd m a ch in e to o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l

p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m ak in g sta n d a rd shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to d im en sio n s o f w o r k , to o lin g ,
fe e d s , and sp eed s o f m a ch in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the co m m o n m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equ ipm en t r e q u ir e d fo r th is w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into
m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t’ s w o r k n o r m a lly re q u ir e s a rounded tr a in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix t u r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s the
fo llo w in g : K n ow led ge o f su rfa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ;
p r e p a r in g su rfa c e fo r painting by re m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o les and
in t e r s t ic e s ; and a pplyin g paint w ith s p ra y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and o th e r
pain t in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m ain ten a n ce
p a in te r r e q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n c e )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u ses, m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s
m o st o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e equ ip m en t to d ia gn o se s o u rc e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the use o f such h an d tools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b rok en o x d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
stock ; grin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; re a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le
and m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h te n in g body
b o lts. In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the a u to m o tive m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou nded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ire d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

T h is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s to m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au tom ob ile
r e p a ir shops.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a irs m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the
fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equ ip m en t to d ia gn o se s o u rc e o f tro u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d ism a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the use of h an d tools in
scra p in g and fittin g p a rts ; r e p la c in g b ro k en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s ob tain ed fr o m stock ; o r d e r in g
the p rodu ction o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop
fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a r in g w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r f o r the p rod u ction o f p a rts
o r d e r e d fr o m m ach in e shops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m ak in g a ll n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts fo r
o p era tion . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m ain ten a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
usu ally a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d fr o m
th is c la s s ific a tio n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e settin g up o r adju stin g m a ch in es.

M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h ea vy equ ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r h ea vy
equ ipm ent when ch an ges in the plant la you t a r e r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Plan n in g and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie t y of
handtools and r ig g in g ; m akin g stan d ard shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n te rs o f g r a v it y ; alig n in g and b a la n cin g o f eq u ip m en t; s e le c tin g stan d ard t o o ls , equ ip m en t, and
p a rts to be used; and in s ta llin g and m a in ta in in g in g ood o r d e r p o w e r tra n s m is s io n equ ipm en t such as
d r iv e s and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In s ta lls o r re p a ir s w a t e r , s tea m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h ­
m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f
pip e fr o m d raw in gs o r o th e r w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t len gth s
w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g p ip e w ith sto ck s and
d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith co u p lin g s and
fa s te n in g pipe to h a n g e rs ; m akin g stan dard shop co m p u ta tion s r e la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f
p ip e r e q u ire d ; and m aking stan dard te s ts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r ily
en g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g sa n ita tio n o r h ea tin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t - m e t a l equ ip m en t and fix tu r e s (such
as m a ch in e g u a rd s, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, du cts, m e ta l r o o fin g )
o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e tm e ta l m ain ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll
a v a ila b le types of s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r ie t y o f h an d tools in cu ttin g , b en d in g,
fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l,
the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally
a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C on stru cts and r e p a ir s jig s , fix t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o ls , g a u g e s , o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s u sed in
shaping o r fo rm in g m e ta l o r n o n - m e ta llic m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , ru b b e r, g la s s ).
W o rk
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s : P lan n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o rd in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r
w r itte n o r o ra l s p e c ific a tio n s ; u n derstan din g th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u ir e d to c o m p le te ta s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
shop com pu tation ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g v a r io u s m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la t e d e q u ip m en t; using v a r io u s
t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; w o r k in g to v e r y c lo s e to le r a n c e s ;
h e a t-tre a tin g m e ta l p a rts and fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, to o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk
r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d th ro u gh fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s tr y w age study p u r p o s e s , th is c la s s ific a t io n d oes not in clu d e t o o l and die
m a k e r s w ho (1 ) a re e m p lo y e d in to o l and d ie jo b b in g shops o r (2 ) p ro d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ).

C U S T O D IA L AND M A TE R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND W A TC H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

G u a rd . P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p ost o r on to u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
using, a rm s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s g u a rd s who a r e sta tio n ed at g a te and ch eck on
id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e rs o n s e n te r in g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose
du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; L o a d in g and un loadin g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls amd m e rc h a n d is e
on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u npacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a te r ia ls or m e rc h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tra m s p o rtin g m a t e r ia ls o r m erch a m d ise by
hamdtruck, c a r, o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload ships a r e e x c lu d e d .

W atch m an .
and i lle g a l e n try .

M a k es

rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p r o p e r t y a ga in st f i r e , th e ft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

Gleams amd k eep s in am o r d e r ly co n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f am o ffic e , ap a rtm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e rc ia il o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f
the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g , m op p in g o r s cru b b in g , and p o lis h in g flo o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s, tr a s h , and o th e r
re fu s e ; dusting equ ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g
su p p lies and m in o r m aintenam ce s e r v ic e s ; and cleam ing la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s
who s p e c ia liz e in w in dow w ash in g a re ex clu d ed .




O RD ER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tra m s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m s to r e d m erch a m d ise in a c c o rd a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on sailes s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in addition to
fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tgoin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
a d d itio n a l stock o r r e p o r t sh o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r r e la te d d u ties.
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p rod u cts fo r sh ip m en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ippin g c o n ta in e r s ,
the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g depen den t upon th e ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b e r o f units to be
p a ck ed , the typ e o f co n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f sh ip m en t. W o r k r e q u ir e s the p la c in g o f ite m s
in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g ; K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s of

stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y
con ten t; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te typ e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r; in s e r tin g
e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; usin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p re v e n t b rea k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and
s e a lin g c o n ta in e r ; and a p p lyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r. P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ake
w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

w o rk ers

a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a re a to tra n s p o rt m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , eq u ip m en t,
o r w o r k e r s b etw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts such as: M an u factu rin g p la n ts, fr e ig h t d ep ots,
w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il esta b lis h m e n ts and c u s to m e r s '
hou ses o r p la c e s of b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck w ith o r without h e lp e r s , m ak e m in o r
m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tru c k in good w o rk in g o r d e r .
S a le s -r o u te and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s
a r e ex c lu d e d .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d er IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (IV2 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r than t r a i l e r ty p e )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is re s p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g shipm ents
o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A k n ow led ge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s ,
p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and ra te s ; and p re p a rin g r e c o r d s o f the good s
sh ip p ed , m a k in g up b ills of la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and k eep in g a f ile o f shipping
r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e rc h a n d is e fo r shipm ent. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s :
V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e rs in v e r if y in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ipm en ts a gain st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s ,
o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c tin g dam aged g o o d s; rou tin g m e rc h a n d is e or
m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

F o r w a ge study p u rp o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by s iz e and typ e o f equ ip m en t,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra te d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

TR U C K E R , POW ER

goods

O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tru ck o r t r a c t o r to tra n s p o rt
and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p lan t, o r o th er e s ta b lish m en t.
F o r w age

study p u rp o s e s ,

w o rk ers

a re c la s s ifie d b y ty p e o f tru c k ,

as fo llo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r ( f o r k lif t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k l i f t )
W AREHOUSEM AN
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y of w a re h o u s in g duties w h ich r e q u ir e an understanding o f
the e s t a b lis h m e n t s s to r a g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r
m e r c h a n d is e ) a ga in st r e c e iv in g d ocu m en ts, notin g and re p o r tin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and obviou s d am ages;
ro u tin g m a t e r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e lo c a tio n s ; s to r in g , s ta ck in g , o r p a lle tiz in g m a te r ia ls in
a c c o rd a n c e w ith p r e s c r ib e d s to r a g e m eth o d s; r e a r r a n g in g and takin g in v e n to r y o f s to re d m a te r ia ls ;
e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r ia ls and re p o r tin g d e te r io r a tio n and d am age; r e m o v in g m a te r ia l fr o m s to ra g e
and p r e p a r in g it f o r sh ipm en t. M a y o p e ra te hand o r p o w e r tru c k s in p e r fo r m in g w a reh o u sin g duties.
E xclu d e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties in v o lv e shipping and r e c e iv in g w o rk (s e e shipping and
r e c e iv in g c le r k and p a c k e r , sh ip p in g ), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e ra tin g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e
tr u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Available On Request—
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u rv e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .

A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lb u q u e rq u e , N . M ex .
A le x a n d r ia , L a.
A lp e n a , S tan dish , and T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
A u gu sta , Ga.—S.C.
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u g e, L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eau m on t—P o r t A r th u r — r a n g e , T e x .
O
B ilo x i—G u lfp o rt and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B o is e C ity , Idaho
B r e m e r to n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S ta m fo r d , Conn.
B ru n s w ic k , Ga.
B u rlin g to n , V t.—N .Y .
C ap e C od , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h am p aign —U rbana— an tou l, 111.
R
C h a r le s to n , S.C .
C h a r lo tte —G a sto n ia , N .C .
C h eyen n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ille —H o p k in s v ille , Ten n .—K y.
C o lo r a d o S p rin g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C.
C olu m b u s, G a.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s, M is s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r, 111.
D es M o in e s , Iow a
Dothan, A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , M inn.—W is.
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o - L a s C r u c e s , N. M ex.
E u gene—S p r in g fie ld , O r e g .
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F itc h b u rg —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F o r t W ayn e, Ind.
F r e d e r ic k — a g e rs to w n , M d .— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r tin s b u r g , W. V a .
G adsden and A n n is to n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ran d Is la n d —H a s tin g s , N e b r .
G r e a t F a lls , M ont.
G uam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —Leban on , P a .
H untington— s h la n d , W. V a .— y .—O hio
A
K
K n o x v ille , Ten n .
L a C r o s s e , W is.
L a red o , Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L a w to n , O kla.
L im a , O hio
L it t le R ock —N o rth L it t le R o c k , A r k .

C o p ie s o f public r e le a s e s a r e o r w i l l b e a v a ila b le

at no c o s t

w h ile

su p p lies la s t

fr o m

L o ga n sp o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in — ly r ia , Ohio
E
L o w e r E a s te rn S h ore, M d.—V a.—D e l.
L yn ch b u rg, Va.
M acon , Ga.
M ad ison , W is.
M a n s fie ld , Ohio
M a rq u ette, E scan aba, Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ic h .
M c A lle n —P h a r r —
Edinbu rg and B r o w n s v ille —
H a rlin g e n —San B en ito, T e x .
M e d fo rd — la m a th F a lls —G ran ts P a s s , O r e g .
K
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, and O cean C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille —D avid son , Tenn.
N ew B ern —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N ew London—N o rw ic h , Conn.—R .I.
N orth D akota, State o f
O rla n d o, F la .
Oxnard—S im i V a lle y —V en tu ra, C a lif.
Panam a C ity , F la .
P a r k e r s b u r g —M a rie tta , W. V a.—O hio
P e o r ia , 111.
P h o en ix , A r iz .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a te llo —
Idaho F a lls , Idaho
P o rtsm o u th , N .H .—M aine—M a s s .
P u eb lo, C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R eno, N ev.
R ichland— en n ew ick —W a lla W a lla —
K
P en d leto n , W ash.—O re g .
R iv e r side—San B e rn a rd in o — n ta r io , C a lif.
O
Salina, K an s.
Salinas— ea sid e—M o n te r e y , C a lif.
S
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a rb a ra —Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, Ga.
S elm a, A la .
Sherm an—D en ison , T e x .
S h re v e p o rt, La.
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak.
Spokane, W ash.
S p rin g fie ld , 111.
S p rin g fie ld —C h ico p ee—H o ly o k e , M a s s .—Conn.
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
Tam pa—St. P e te r s b u r g , F la .
T o p ek a , K ans.
T u cso n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O kla.
V a lle jo - F a ir f ie ld —Napa, C a lif.
W aco and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a te rlo o — e d a r F a lls , Iow a
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in gto n , D e l.—N .J.—Md.

A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r a cco u n ta n ts, a u d ito r s , c h ie f a cco u n ta n ts, a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y e rs , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s , d r a ft e r s , and
c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1837, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , M a rc h 1974, $ 1 .40 a c o p y , fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s
o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u perin ten den t o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402.




Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s o r b u lletin su pplem en ts is p re s e n te d b e lo w .
A d ir e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e stu d ies in clu d in g m o r e lim ite d stu d ies condu cted at the re q u e s t o f the E m p lo ym en t
S tan dards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on re q u e s t.
B u lle tin s m a y be p u rch a sed fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
B u lle tin supplem ents m a y be
o b ta in ed w ith ou t c o s t, w h e r e in d ic a te d , fr o m B L S re g io n a l o ffic e s .

A rea

B u lle tin nu m ber
and p r ic e *

F ree
A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1974 _____________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
A lb a n y—S ch en ecta d y—T r o y , N . Y . , S ept. 1974 ____________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
A lb u q u e rq u e , N . M e x ., M a r . 1974 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Suppl.
F ree
F ree
A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a sto n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 ___________________________________ Suppl.
A n a h e im -S a n ta A n a -G a r d e n G r o v e , C a lif . , O c t. 1 974 1 ___________________ _ __________ 1850-9, 85 cen ts
_
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1975 1 _____________________________________________________________________ 1850-25, $1.00
A u stin , T e x ., D e c . 1974 _________________________________________________ ________________ __ Suppl.
F ree
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g . 1974____________ __________ ____ ______________________________________Suppl.
F ree
B e a u m o n t- P o r t A rth u r—O r ange, T e x . , M a y 1974 2 _____________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
B illin g s , M o n t., J u ly 1975----- *
______________ - _____________________________________ ——
1850-46, 65 cen ts
B in gh a m ton , N .Y .—P a ., J u ly 1975____ ______________________________________________________ 1850-50, 65 cen ts
B ir m in g h a m , A l a ., M a r . 1975______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g. 1974 ________________________ ______________________________________ ____ Suppl.
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O c t. 1974 ______ ____________________ _________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
C anton, O h io, M a y 1975 _____________________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
C h a rle s to n , W . V a . , M a r . 1974 2 __________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
C h a r lo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1974 2 ________________ ___ ________________________________________ __ Suppl.
F ree
C h a tta n o o ga , T e n n .- G a ., S ept. 1974 ____________________________________________ ___ __ ____ Suppl.
F ree
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1975____ ______ ___________________________________________________________ 1850-33, 85 cen ts
C in c in n a ti, O h io - K y .- In d ., F e b . 1975 _____________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ept. 1974 1 ___________________ ____ __________ _ _____________________ ___ 1850- 17, $1.00
_
C o lu m b u s, O h io , O c t. 1974 _________________________________ _ _______ ____ ____ ____________ Suppl.
_
F ree
C o rp u s C h r is t i, T e x ., J u ly 1975____ - _________ —___ —_____ —______________________________ 1850-37, 65 cen ts
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O c t. 1974 _____________ ____________________________________ __ Suppl.
F ree
D a v e n p o r t-R o c k Island—M o lin e , I o w a - I ll. , F e b . 1975 _________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
D a y ton , O h io , D e c . 1 9 7 4 *____________________________________________________________________ 1850- 14, 80 cen ts
D a y to n a B e a c h , F la . , A u g . 1975____ ________________ _______ —__________ ________________ __ 1850-47, 65 cen ts
D e n v e r —B o u ld e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1974 1 ______ _____ ___________ _ _ _ ____________________________ 1850- 15, 85 cents
D es M o in e s , Io w a , M a y 1974 2 _____ ________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
D e t r o it , M ic h ., M a r . 1975________________________________________________ ______________ ____ 1850-22, 85 cen ts
F o r t L a u d e r d a le — o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B ea ch —
H
B o c a R a to n , F l a . , A p r . 1975 1_________________________ _____________ _____ __________ ____ 1850-26, 80 cen ts
F r e s n o , C a l i f . 1 3 ________________________________ _____ _____ ____ ___________ _________________
G a in e s v ille , F la . , Sept. 1974 1 __________________ ___________ __________________ ______ ______ _ 1850- 11, 75 cents
G r e e n B a y , W is ., J u ly 1975 ________________________________________________________ ______ 1850-44, 80 cen ts
G r e e n s b o r o - W inston- S a lem —H igh P o in t, N .C ., A u g . 1975____ ____________________ ___ 1850-49, 65 cen ts
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., June 1975______________________ _ ______________________ ______________ __ 1850-42, 65 cents
_
H a r t fo r d , C on n ., M a r . 1975 1 ________________________ ___ __________. . . _____ __ ___ ____ ______ 1850-28, 80 cen ts
F ree
H ou ston , T e x ., A p r . 1975______________________________ ______________ ____ __________________Suppl.
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b . 1975 ________________ _______ _________ _____ _____ _______ _ ___________ Suppl.
F ree
In d ia n a p o lis , In d., O c t. 1974 _______________________________ ______________ _____ _______ ____ Suppl.
F ree
J a c k s o n , M is s . , F e b . 1975______________________________________________ _______ _ ______ ____ Suppl.
_
F ree
J a c k s o n v ille , F la . , D e c . 1974 __________________________________ ________________________ ___ Suppl.
F ree
K a n s a s C ity , M o .- K a n s ., S ept. 1974 __________
_____ ___________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1974 2 __________________________________ ______ Suppl.
F ree
L e x in g t o n - F a y e t t e , K y ., N o v . 1974 _________ _______________ ___ ___ _____ _____ _ ___________ Suppl.
_
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B ea ch , C a lif . , O c t. 1974 ____________ _____ _____ _ __________________Suppl.
_
F ree
L o u is v ille , K y * -In d ., N o v . 1974 1 ___________________ ____________________ ___________________ 1850-12, 80 cen ts
L u b b o ck , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2 _______________________________ ________________ _____ ___ ________ Suppl.
F ree
M e lb o u r n e —T it u s v ille — o c o a , F la . , A u g . 1974 1 ___________ _ _______________________ 1850-5, 75 cen ts
C
M e m p h is , T en n .—A r k .—M is s ., N o v . 1974 ______ ___ _________________________ — ___ ______ Suppl.
F ree
M ia m i, F la . , O c t. 1974 ________________________________________________________ _______ ______ Suppl.
F ree
*
1
2
3

Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
No longer surveyed.
T o be surveyed.




A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *

M id lan d and O d e s s a , T e x ., Jan. 1974 2 _____________ ________________________________ _______Suppl.
F ree
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 197 5 1_________________________________________________________________ 1850-21, 85 cents
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M inn.—W is ., Jan 1975 1 ____________________________________________ 1850-20, $1.05
M u skegon —M u sk egon H e ig h ts , M ic h ., June 1974 2 __ ________________ ______ ______________ Suppl.
F ree
N a s s a u -S u ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1975 1________________________________________________ __________ 1850-39, $1.00
N e w a rk , N .J ., Jan. 19751______ ______ _________________________________________________________ 1850-18, $1.00
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1974 2 ______________________________________________ _ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
N ew H aven , C on n ., Jan. 1974 2 ________________ ______________________ _______ _________________ Suppl.
N e w O r le a n s , L a . , Jan. 1975 ___________________________________ ____________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1975 1___________________________________________________________ 1850-45, $1.10
N ew Y o r k and N assau —S u ffolk, N .Y ., A p r . 1974 2 _________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B each —P o rts m o u th , V a * - N .C ., M a y 197 5 __ _______ ___________________ 1850-29, 65 cents
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h -P o r ts m o u th and N e w p o r t N ew s—
H am pton, V a . - N . C . , M a y 1975 _____________________________________________________________ 1850-30, 65 cents
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1975____________________________________________________________ 1850-52, 65 cents
O k la h om a C ity , O k la ., A u g. 1975____ ________________________________________________________ 1850-51, 65 cents
O m ah a, N e b r^ -Io w a , O c t. 19741 _____________________________________________________________ 1850-10, 80 cents
P ate r s o n - C l if ton—P a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1975 1_______________________________________________ 1850-38, 80 cents
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1974 _______________________________ ___ _ _____________________Suppl.
_
F ree
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1974 2 ________________________________________________________ _________ Suppl.
F ree
P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan . 1975 __ ___ ___ _________ ... - ____________ ___ _____ —_______________ Suppl.
F ree
P o r tla n d , M a in e, N o v . 1974_______________________________ ______________ ___ ________________ Suppl.
F ree
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W ash ., M a y 1975___ —___________________________________ ____ _____________ 1850-40, 75 cents
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . 1 3_____________________________________ ___ ___ ____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g s to n — ew b u rg h , N .Y ., June 1974 __________________ __________________ Suppl.
K
N
F ree
P r o v id e n c e —W a rw ic k —P a w tu c k e t, R .I.—M a s s ., June 1975 _______________ _____ ____ _____ 1850-27, 75 cents
R a le ig h — u rh am , N .C ., F e b . 1975 _____ ___ _________________________________________________ Suppl.
D
F ree
R ich m o n d , V a ., June 1975____ , ___ ______ - ____ _ __________________________ __________________ 1850-41, 65 cents
_
_
R o c k fo r d , 111., June 19742 ____________________________________________________ ____________ _ Suppl.
F ree
St. L o u is , M o —111., M a r . 1975 _______________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
S a c ra m e n to , C a lif., D e c . 1974 1 __ ___________ _______________________________________________ 1850-19, 80 cents
Sagin aw , M ic h ., N o v . 19741___ ______________________________________________________ ________ 1850-16, 75 cents
S a lt L a k e C ity — gd en , U tah, N o v . 1974 _________________________________________________ __ Suppl.
O
F ree
San A n to n io , T e x ., M a y 197 5 ___ _____ _____________________________ _________________ ____ ___ 1850-23, 65 cents
San D ie g o , C a lif., N o v . 19741 ____________ __ _____ _____________ _____ r ----------------- -------- 1850-13, 80 cents
San F r a n c is c o — aklan d, C a lif., M a r . 1975 1__ ____________________ _______ ________________ 1850-35, $1.00
O
San J o s e , C a lif., M a r . 1975 1_________________________________________________________________ 1850-36, 85 cents
Savannah, G a ., M a y 1974 2 __ ____________________ _______________________ _ _______________ __ Suppl.
_
F ree
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a sh ., Jan. 1975 __________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
South B end, In d., M a r . 1975 _____________
_________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
Spokane, W a sh ., June 1974 2 __________ ____ _____________________ ____________ ____ Suppl.
F ree
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1975___ ____ __ _________________________________________________________ 1850-43, 65 cen ts
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., M a y 1975 1______________________________________________________________ 1850-34, 80 cents
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1974 ____________________________________________ ________________________ Suppl.
F ree
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W ash in gton , D .C ^ M d ^ - V a ., M a r . 19751____________________________________________________ 1850-31, $1.00
W a te rb u ry , C on n ., M a r . 1974 2 ___________________________________________- - - ______________ Suppl.
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W e s tc h e s te r C ou n ty, N . Y . 1 3 _________________ ______ _________
-----------------W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1975_____________ T____
_____ ______ ________________________________ Suppl.
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W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1 _____ ___ ________ ____ ___ _______ ___________________________ _ 1850-24, 80 cents
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 19751 ________________________________________________________________________ 1850-32, 80 cents
Y ou n gstow n — a r r e n , O h io, N o v . 1973 2 __________ .. ,
W
........... ....... ........................... Suppl.
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T H IR D CLASS M A IL

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D C. 20212

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

LAB - 441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
R egion I

R e gion II

1603 J F K F e d e ra l B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
B o sto n , Mass. 0 2 2 0 3
P h o n e :2 23-6 76 1 (A re a C o d e 6 1 7)

S u ite 3 40 0
1 5 1 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 1 00 36
P h o n e :9 7 1 - 5 4 0 5 (A re a C o d e 2 1 2 )

C o n n e c tic u t
M aine
M assachusetts
N e w H a m p s h ire
R h o d e Is la n d
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N e w Y o rk
P u e rto R ic o
V ir g in Islands

Region V
9 th F lo o r, 2 30 S. D e a rb o rn St.
C h icago , III. 606 04
P h o n e :3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (A re a C o d e 3 1 2 )
Illin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O h io
W iscon sin
for FRASER

Digitized


R e g io n V I

R e gion I I I

R e gion IV

P.O. B o x 13 309
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 19101
P h o n e : 5 9 6 1 1 5 4 (A re a C o d e 2 1 5 )
D e la w a re
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V irg in ia
W est V irg in ia

R e gions V I I a n o V I I I

S e c o n d F lo o r
5 5 5 G r i f f in S q uare B u ild in g
Dallas, T e x . 752 0 2
P h o n e : 7 49-351 6 (A re a C o de 2 1 4 )

F ed era l O ff ic e B u ild in g
911 W a ln u t S t , 15 th F lo o r
Kansas C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e :3 7 4-248 1 (A re a C o de 8 1 6 )

L o u is ia n a
le w M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
Texas

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M is s o u ri
N ebraska

V III
C o lo ra d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

S u ite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N .E.
A tla n ta , Ga. 303 09
P h o n e :5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A re a C ode 4 0 4 )
A labam a
F lo rid a
G eorgia
K e n tu c k y
M ississippi
N o rth C a ro lin a
S o u th C a ro lin a
T ennessee
R egions IX a n d X
45 0 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
B o x 360 17
San F rancisco, C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o de 4 1 5 )
IX
A riz o n a
C a lifo rn ia
H a w a ii
Nevada

X
A laska
Ida h o
O reg on
W a s h in g to n