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AREAWAGESURVEY
B eaum ont—Port A rth u r—Orange, Texas,
M etropolitan Area, M ay 1973
Bulletin 1775-82




U S DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
____ Bureau of Labor Statistics




P re fac e
T h i s b u lle t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a M a y 197 3 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a t io n a l
e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f it s in the B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e ,
T e x a s , S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( J e f f e r s o n and O r a n g e C o u n t i e s ).
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' an n u al a r e a
wage survey p ro g ra m .
T h e p r o g r a m is d e s i g n e d to y i e l d d a ta f o r in d i v i d u a l
m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , a s w e l l a s n a t io n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l S t a n d a r d
M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a s in the U n it e d S t a t e s , e x c lu d i n g A l a s k a and H a w a i i , ( a s d e fi n e d
b y the U . S . O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t an d B u d g e t t h r o u g h N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need to
d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th r o u g h
the a n a l y s i s o f ( l ) the l e v e l an d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n , and ( 2 ) the
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The p ro gram d e ­
v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n c lu d i n g w a g e and
s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , an d a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g pla nt
location.
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y the U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to
m a k e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 96 a r e a s a r e i n c lu d e d in the p r o g r a m .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s
on i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s d a ta a r e c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a l ly . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e ­
f i t s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y s e c o n d y e a r in the p a s t , i s no w o b t a i n e d e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E ach y e a r a fte r a ll individual a r e a w age s u rv e y s have been com pleted,
two s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r d a ta f o r e a c h
m etro polita n a r e a s u rv e y e d .
T h e s e c o n d s u m m a r y b u lle t i n p r e s e n t s na tio na l
an d r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s ,
projected fr o m
individual m etro politan a r e a
da ta.
T h e B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e s u r v e y w a s co nd uc ted by the B u r e a u ' s
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in D a l l a s , T e x . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f B o y d B . O ' N e a l ,
A ssistan t R e gio n al D ir e c t o r fo r O perations.
T h e s u r v e y co u ld not h ave b e e n
a c c o m p l i s h e d wi tho ut the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e an d s a l a r y
d a ta p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this b u lle t i n .
The
B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

A R EA W A G E SU R VEY

B ulletin 1775-82
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary

S ep tem b er 1973

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

B eaum ont—Port A rth u r—Orange, Texas, M etropolitan A rea,|M ay 1973
CONTENTS
Page
2
6

In t r o d u c t i o n
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s

T ables:
1.
2.
3.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s within s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu die d
I n d e x e s o f e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a d j u s t e d f o r e m p l o y m e n t shifts

A.

O ccupation al earn in g s:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A -2 .
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A - 3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , b y s e x
A -4 .
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t io n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
A -5 .
C u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
A -6 .
M a i n t e n a n c e , p o w e r p l a n t , c u s t o d i a l , and m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g o c c u p a t io n s : A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , by s e x

B.

5
7
8

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B -l.
M in im u m en trance s a l a r i e s fo r w om en o ffic e w o rk e rs
B -2 .
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s
B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a ys
B -4 .
A n n u a l p a id h o li d a y s
B -4 a .
Id e n t i fi c a ti o n o f m a j o r p a id h o li d a y s
B -5 .
P a id vacations
B -6 .
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s

9
10
11
12
13
14

15
16
17
18
19
20

22
25

A ppen dix.

Occupational de sc riptio n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 40 cents

1

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 of 96 in w h i c h the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s co n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f it s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In this a r e a , d a ta w e r e
o b ta in ed by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a ­
t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ithin s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ;
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s .
M a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t i o n s an d the c o n s t r u c t i o n an d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d
b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n s s tu die d.
Sepa­
r a t e t a b u la t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
which m e e t publication c r it e r ia .

the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1 ) e m p l o y m e n t in the occ u patio n
i s too s m a l l to p r o v i d e en ou gh d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e re
i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .
E arnings
d a ta not s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c lu d e d in a l l
i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d d a ta , w h e r e s h o w n .
L i k e w i s e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s
t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n
to s u b c l a s s i f y i s not a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t an d e a r n i n g s data a r e sho w n fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le .
E a r n i n g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d la te s h i f t s .
N o nproduction bonuses a r e e x ­
c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and in c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n ­
cluded.
W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r) fo r which e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s tr a ig h t -t im e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s f o r these occupations a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s .
The s a m ­
plin g p r o c e d u r e s involve de ta iled s tra tific atio n of a ll e stablish m e n ts
w it h in the s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y an d n u m b e r
of em p loy ees.
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e i s
s e l e c t e d , with e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v i n g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d ch an ce o f
selection.
T o o b ta i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d .
W h e n d a ta
a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it i s g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y i s c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a t io n i f d a ta a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If
no s u i t a b l e s u bs t itu t e i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t i s a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.
Occupations

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The a v e r ­
a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d by c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m ent patterns.
F o r e x a m p l e , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by
h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s an d b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Su ch s h ift s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n tho ugh m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r i n g
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b le 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than i n d i v i d u a l j o b s within the
groups.

an d E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s ,
an d a r e o f the
follow ing types:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to tak e ac co u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u ties w it h in the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e
l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d i x .
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d i c a t e d , the
e a r n i n g s d a ta f o l l o w i n g the j o b t itle s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ithin o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A l a . ; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; Rochester, N .Y . (office occupations only); Syracuse, N . Y . ; and U tica— Rome, N .Y.
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




A v e r a g e earnings reflect co m po site, a re a w id e estim ates.
In ­
d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r i n p a y l e v e l an d j o b s ta ff in g , and
thus c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
Pay a v e r­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in
individual e stablish m e n ts.
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tion s s h o u ld not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n t r i b u te to
d i f f e r e n c e s i n c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e
areas o n l y the r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d , an d p e r f o r m a n c e of s p e ­
c i f i c du t ies w ithin the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s .
Jo b d e s c r i p ­
t io n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o se u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w for.
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c du ties p e r f o r m e d .

2

3
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are

in

"P la n tw o rk e rs "

in c lu d e
le a d m e n

tio n s.

w orkers

w orkers

and

in c lu d e d

in

fo r

in d u s try

e s tim a te s

fo r

as

a

and

rou tem en

s e le c te d

fo r

not

and

fo rc e

engaged

in

in

p la n t-

p resen ted
A d m in ­

c o n s tru c tio n
are

o n ly

to

the

o p tim u m

en tran ce

and

n on su per­

fu n ction s.

m a n u fa ctu rin g

fu n c­

C a fe te ria

in d u s trie s ,

but

h o lid a y s

esta b lis h m e n ts

v is ite d .

s a m p lin g tec h n iq u e s

lis h m e n ts

are

m ore

en tran ce

rates

s en ta tiv e

of

lik e ly

above

the

p o lic ie s

in

fo r
(S ee

used

than

ta b le

o ffic e w o rk e rs
B -l.)

re la te

Because

of

and th e p r o b a b ilit y that la r g e

sm a ll

su b c le ric a l

m e d iu m

wom en

e s ta b lis h m e n ts
le v e l,

and

the

la rg e

to

ta b le

the

estab ­

have

h o lid a y s

in c lu d e d
not

S h ift

d iffe re n tia l

in d u s trie s .

in

of

term s

m en t,

and

s p e c ifie d
v a rie d

(1 )

(2 )

The

at

the

d iffe re n tia ls ,

fe re n c e

is

h a v in g

tim e

the

of

fo r
the

am ount

som e

recorded

p o lic y i

com m on

even

gran ted

p a id

a ctu a lly

to

hours

a ll

it a p p lie s

to

a

is

in

m anu­

p resen ted

p la n tw o rk e r

of

len g th

of

to

a

e m p lo y ­

and

or

firs t-s h ift
a ll

of

ta b le
jo rity
p a id

w orkers

th e

w e e k ly

in

an

p la n tw o rk e rs

B -3 .)
of

s c h e d u le d

S ch e d u led

fu ll-tim e

s tra ig h t-tim e

or

and

e s ta b lis h m e n t

is

" o t h e r " is

w e e k ly

hou rs
are

o v e rtim e

and

days

are

o ffic e w o rk e rs

e m p lo y e e s
or

hours

used;

used.

if

the

s h ift

no

In e s ­

n orm al rates,

of
to

a

m a jo rity

ta b u la ted
th at

days

ex p ected

of

are

a d if­

as

of

th ose

the

a p p ly in g

th rou gh
ren t

P a ym en ts




fo r

e q u iv a le n t

H o lid a y s

fa ll

on

a

n o n w o r k d a y and

and

h a lf

h o lid a y s

h a lf

h o lid a y s

and
the

or

o rd in a rily

firs t

w h o le

annu­

fo rm ,

The

p la n s

part

of

in c id e n c e

the

p a id

a c tu a lly
to

show

the

of

is

on

in

in

an

oth er

1 w eeks'
va c a tio n

"s a b b a tic a l"

ty p ic a l

the

a

s ta tis tic a l

m ost

B -5 .)

than

2

a

pay.

b e n e fits

P ro v is io n s

tim e

percent

of

O n ly

a p p ly

re g a rd le s s

b a s is

are

annual

b a sic

beyond

p la n s

b a sic
and

con­

e a rn in g s
are

v a c a tio n -s a v in g s

a lu m in u m ,

of

of w orkers

esta b lis h m e n t

bonuses,

s te e l,

m easure

o f the p r o p o r t io n

(S ee ta b le

e x a m p le ,

to

e x c lu d e

or

are

in s u ra n c e ,
part

a

of

a u n io n fu n d ,

o p e ra tin g

ta b le

B -6 .)

trib u te
p la n s,

in ­

p la n s ,

p la n s .

can

of

w h ic h

or

(3 )

to

tow ard

a

are

cost

w h ic h

(1 )

under

because
th e

b y the
a sid e

c o n s id e re d

covered

of

set

Such

in d u stries.

the

p la n .

out

of

if

le s s

re q u ire d

are

le g a lly

s e c u rity ,

a

cu r­
(S ee

su ch a p la n

are

E x clu d ed

by

p ro v id e d

th is p u rp o s e .

to h a v e

s o c ia l

(2 )

e m p lo y e r

the p la n e v e n

c o m p e n s a tio n ,

e m p lo y e r

u n d e rw ritte n

fo r

e m p lo y e e s

if

the

than
to

a

con­

re q u ire d

and

ra ilro a d

re tire m e n t.

to

a

and

s u ra n c e u n d er w h ic h
to

the in s u r e d

m a tio n

is

m a ­

trib u te s .

a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e is
p re d e te rm in e d

d u rin g t e m p o r a r y

p resen ted
H ow ever,

fo r
in

a ll

New

illn e s s

such
York

cash
p la n s

and

th ey a re

t e m p o r a r y d is a b ility in s u ra n c e

la w s

e m p lo y e r

are

of the following condi­
provisions covering late
had operated late shifts
for operating late shifts.

ceed

in clu d ed

re q u ire d ,

the

2
contributions.

or

o n ly
(2 )

re q u ire m e n ts

if

the

p ro v id e s
of

th e la w .

lim ite d

p a ym en ts
or

a c c id e n t

to

New

p la n s

w h eth er

th ose

d ire c tly
fu n d

is

p a rtic ip a te

th e

p la n s f o r

in c lu d e

p a id

fro m

e s ta b lis h m e n t

e m p lo y e e s

e le c t

p en sio n

cost

co m p a n y o r n o n p ro fit o rg a n iz a tio n ,

fu n d s o r

An

and

the

such as w o r k m e n 's

le g a lly

a policy if it met either
survey, or ( 2 had formal
)
formal provisions if it ( 1
)
provisions in written form

m ay

gran ted

in w r it t e n

w h o le

b e n e fits .

le a s t

(S ee

rates.

2 An establishment is considered as having
tions: ( 1 Operated late shifts at the time of the
)
shifts. An establishment was considered as having
during the 1 months before the survey, or ( 2 had
2
)

B -2

h ou rs.

esta b lis h m e n t.

w ork,

lis te d .

ta b les

o ff.

o ffic e w o rk e rs

p e rio d ;

S ic k n e s s
The

h o lid a y s
fo r

B -4 .)

reports

va c a tio n

H ea lth ,
at

m a jo rity

of

B -4 a

of

s e rv ic e .

"exten d ed "

p ro v is io n s

h a v in g

es ta b lis h m e n ts

m a jo rity

th ey

r a t h e r than a m e a s u r e

E s tim a te s

m a jo rity

a m a jo rity

ta b le

c o m b in es

s p e c ific

tim e

c o n s id e re d

clu d e d .

the

at

in

ro u n d in g .

p ro v id e d

(S ee

thou gh

T a b le

p la n tw o rk e rs

on

p a id

to

are

th e n u m b e r o f

su m m ary

re c e iv in g

to

a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d

c la s s ific a tio n

lim ite d

such w o r k ­

p ra c tic e s

h o lid a y s .

The

In

su rvey.

the

in d ivid u a l ite m s
of

an oth er d ay

part

tim e .

v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s

pays

p la n tw o rk e rs

in fo rm a tio n

total

w orkers

la te -s h ift

o n ly i f

fo r

a p p ly in g

the

to

T h is

of

because

are

(1 )

cu stom .

second

h o lid a y

rep re­

esta b lis h m e n ts .

lim ite d

B -2 .)

p ra c tic e

am ou n t a p p lie s to a m a jo r it y ,
ta b lis h m e n ts

are

ta b le

esta b lish m e n t

e ffe c tiv e

s h ift

data

(S e e

i.e .,

by

c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n c e
fa c tu rin g

Sum s

to ta ls

a m a jo rity of
fo r

fo rm a l

m ore

is

p a id

ta b le p r e s e n ts

gran ted .
tota l

verted

in d u s trie s .

s a la rie s

are

the w o r k e r is

are
M in im u m

equal

if

q u a lify

ex clu d ed .

n o n o ffic e

s u p e rv is o rs
re la te d

B -6 .)

b a sis;

e s ta b lis h e d

and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o ry w o r k ­

or

e x clu d ed

are

on

in d u s trie s ."

w ork

w o rk in g

c le ric a l

n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

d iv is io n s

e m p lo y e e s ,

tra in e e s )

in clu d e

p e rfo rm in g

ta b le s )

p ro v is io n s

"a ll

sep a ra te

w o rk in g fo r e m e n

"O ffic e w o rk e rs "

v is o ry

B -s e rie s

p ro fe s s io n a l

u tilize d

ers

(in c lu d in g

D ata
the

and

the

s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e

o ffic e w o rk e rs .

s e p a ra te ly
w orkers

and

(in

on

fo rm a l

gran ted
In fo rm a tio n

not

o ffic e w o rk e rs

ev e n tu a lly

th rou gh

m ay

D ata
P ra c tic e s

or

m ay

data.
a lly on a

E s ta b lis h m e n t

or

w h ic h
Jersey,

re q u irin g

the

(1 )

to that
are

e m p lo y e r

T a b u la tio n s

w ith

have

con­

en acted

c o n trib u tio n s ,3
2
m ore

b e n e fits

o f p a id

In fo r­

e m p lo y e r

w h ic h

in ­

d ire c tly

d is a b ility .
the

co n trib u te s

e m p lo y e e

type o f

m ade

than

w h ic h

s ic k le a v e

is
ex­

p la n s

The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer

4
are

lim ite d

to

the w o r k e r 's

fo rm a l

r a te ta b u la tio n s
pay

and

pay or
of
or

no w a itin g

both

an

p e rio d ,

p ro v id e d
of

and/or
p e rio d

sick n es s
of

and

(2 )

In a d d i t i o n
total

w ork

is

and

to

p la n s
to

fu ll

(1 ) p la n s

w h ic h

of

the

m e n t b e n e fits .

of

p ro v id e

in su ra n c e

w orkers

Sepa­

w h ic h p r o v id e

who

fu ll

e ith e r p a rtia l

th e p r e s e n ta tio n o f

a c c id e n t

shown

a p r o p o rtio n o f
illn e s s .

pay or

because

and

d is a b ility

s o c ia l

of

in su ra n c e

upon th e

a c c id e n t
(ty p ic a lly

e x p ira tio n

in s u ra n c e ,
6

p la n s

or

p a id

re c e iv e

m o n th s ).

or

p ro v id e

of

p a y a b le

to

P aym en ts

a

d is a b ility ,
F u ll

the

a

m a x im u m

age,

o r p a rtia l p a ym en ts

w o r k m e n 's
d is a b le d

or

are

co m p e n sa tio n ,

e lig ib ility

a lm o s t a lw a y s

and p riv a te

fo r

re tire ­

redu ced

by

p e n s io n b e n e fits

e m p lo y e e .

M a jo r m e d ic a l

s ic k

e ith e r

p a ym en ts

th e ir p a id

a fte r

th e

s e c u rity ,

ness

and

s ic k

to

le a v e

p re d e te rm in e d
are

m ade

u n til

are

(1 )

b e g in ;
(e .g .,

in su ra n c e

in ju ry e x p e n s e s

m e d ic a l,

d is a b ility

e m p lo y e e s

end

p ro p o rtio n s

b e n e fits .

L o n g -te rm
to ta lly d is a b le d

fro m

a c c o rd in g

s ic k n e s s

u n d u p lica te d

types

absence

a re p resen ted

a w a itin g p e rio d .

w orkers

lea ve,

p la n s 4 w h ic h p r o v id e

p a y d u rin g

and

a

s u rg ic a l

p la n s.

"d e d u c tib le "

(e .g .,

(2 ) a c o in s u r a n c e
20 p e r c e n t )

b en efits

(e .g .,

o r p a rtia l

of

beyond

of

p a id

d octors'

by

fee s.

of

stated

in su ra n ce

D en tal

s ic k ­

m a j o r m e d i c a l p la n s

th e in s u re d
(3 )

fro m

b a s ic h o s p ita liza tio n ,

the in s u re d

and

M e d ic a l

e m p lo y e e s

of

fe a tu re s

re q u irin g

expenses;

$ 10, 0 0 0 a y e a r ) .

paym ent

coverage

T y p ic a l
$50)

fea tu re

c e rta in

p la n s p r o t e c t
the

b efore
to

b e n e fits

pay a p o rtio n

d o lla r m a x im u m

p ro v id e s

in su ra n c e

c o m p le te

u s u a lly c o v e r s

4
An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , a n d X - r a y s . E x c l u d e d a r e p l a n s w h i c h c o v e r o n l y
o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s p r o v id e
number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but
p a y m e n ts f o r th e r e m a in d e r o f th e w o r k e r 's lif e .
informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




5

Table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and n u m b e r studied in B e a u m o n t — Port Arthur— Orange, Tex.,1by major industry division / M a y 1 9 7 3
Workers in establishm ents

Number of establishm ents
Industry division

All d ivision s_____________________________
Manufacturing________________________________
Nonmanufacturing_____________ _____________
Transportation , com munication, and
other public utilities 5 ____________________
Wholesale tr a d e ___________________________
R etail trad e________________________________
Finance, in su ran ce, and re a l e sta te _______
S erv ice s 8 _________________________________

Minimum
employment
in e sta b lish ­
ments in scope
of study

Within scope of study
Within scope
of study3

Studied

T o ta l4

Studied
Number

Percent

Plant

Office
T otal4

_

187

75

49,497

100

35, 119

4, 158

36,528

50

65
122

33
42

33,016
16,481

67
33

25,798
9, 321

2,030
2, 128

27,470
9,058

50
50
50
50
50

28
18
49
5
22

12
6
11
3
10

6,384
1,593
5,832
553
2,119

13
3
12
1
4

2,269
(‘ )
( >
( >
(b )

821
(‘ >
(?)
(>
(6)

4, 156
637
2,839
435
991

1 The Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange Standard M etropolitan S tatistical A re a, a s defined by the Office of Management and Budget through November 1971, co n sists of Je ffe rso n and Orange
Counties. The "w o rk ers within scope of study" e stim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accu rate description of the size and com position of the labor force included in the survey.
The e stim ates a re not intended, however, to serv e a s a b a sis of com parison with other employment indexes for the a re a to m easu re employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage
surveys req u ires the use of establishm ent data com piled con siderably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm a ll establishm ents a re excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual was used in classify in g establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum lim itation. All outlets (within the are a) of com panies in such in du stries a s trad e , finance, auto rep air
se r v ic e , and motion picture th eaters a re con sidered a s 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, p ro fe ssio n al, and other w orkers excluded from the sep arate plant and office ca te g o rie s.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilitie s" in the A - and B - s e r ie s tab le s. T axicabs and se rv ic e s incidental to w ater tran sportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is rep resen ted in e stim ates for " a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e rie s A ta b le s, and for " a ll in d u strie s" in the S erie s B tab le s. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not m ade for one or m ore of the following rea so n s: (1) Employment in the division is too sm a ll to provide enough data to
m erit sep arate study, (2) the sam ple
was not designed in itially to perm it sep arate presentation, (3) resp on se was insufficient or inadequate to perm it sep arate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssibility of d isclo su re of individual
establishm ent data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division a re rep resen ted in e stim ates for " a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e rie s A tab le s, but from the r e a l estate portion only in
estim ate s for " a ll in d u strie s" in the S e rie s B tab le s. Sep arate presentation of data for this division is not m ade for one or m ore of the reaso n s given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m o tels; laundries and other person al se r v ic e s; busin ess se r v ic e s; automobile r e p a ir, ren tal, and parking; motion p ictu res; nonprofit m em bersh ip organizations (excluding
religious and charitable organ izations); and engineering and arch itectu ral se r v ic e s.

Labor-m anagem ent agreem ent coverage
Industrial com position in m anufacturing
About two-thirds of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the Beaumont— ort
P
Arthur—
Orange a re a were employed in m anufacturing fir m s . The following p resen ts the
m ajor industry groups and specific in dustries a s a percent of a ll m anufacturing:
Industry groups
Petroleum and coal p ro du cts__ 44
Chem icals and allied products ..24
Transportation equipm ent_____ 14
F ab ricated m etal p ro d u c ts_____ 6

Specific industries
P etroleum refin in g____________ 44
Ship and boatbuilding
and rep airin g________________ 14
Industrial c h e m ic a ls__________ 12
P la stic s m ate rials and
syn th etics___________________ 11

This information is based on e stim a te s of total employment derived from universe
m a te ria ls com piled p rior to actu al survey. P roportions in variou s industry d ivisions m ay
differ from proportions based on the re su lts of the survey a s shown in table 1 above.




The following tabulation shows the percent of plantw orkers and officew orkers
employed in establishm ents in which a contract or con tracts c o v e re d -a m ajority of the
w orkers in the resp ective c a te g o rie s, Beaumont— ort Arthur— range, T e x ., May 1973:
P
O
Plantw orkers
All in d u str ie s________________ _
_
M anufacturing___________________
Public u tilitie s___________________

O fficew orkers

71
86
81

33
33
83

An establishm ent is con sidered to have a contract covering a ll plantworkers or
officew orkers if a m ajority of such w orkers a re covered by a labor-m anagem ent agreem ent..
T h erefore, a ll other plantw orkers or officew orkers a re employed in establishm ents that either
do not have labor-m anagem ent con tracts in effect, or have con tracts that apply to fewer than
half of their plantw orkers or officew ork ers. E stim a tes a re not n e c e ssa rily represen tative
of the extent to which a ll w orkers in the a re a m ay be covered by the provision s of
labor-m anagem ent agreem en ts, because sm a ll establishm ents a re excluded and the in du strial
scope of the survey is lim ited.

W a g e Trends for Se le cte d Occupational G rou ps
P resen ted
average

w e e k ly

nurses,
The

ta b le

and in a v e r a g e

in d e x e s

percent

of

are

of

the

the p e r c e n t

are

of

w ages

the

base

show n,

re fle c t

p e rio d

b etw een

ta tio n s

are based

rate

betw een

averages

in

am ount

su rveys
on the

the

the

area;

of

a g iv e n

w ages

of

fro m

th ey

or

fo r

than

not

in

12

of

re la te
when

a s s ig n e d

a

change
tin u in g

to

w age

is

of

the

a s s ig n e d

p lo y m e n t

in

th e

a

th e

tim e

F o r

com pu­

e x c lu s iv e

in

m easure

pay

p re m iu m

change

average

area.

la te

con sta n t

o c c u p a tio n a l

key

o ccu p a tio n s

w e ig h t

based

w ith in

on

its

at

base

The

the

(co m p o u n d )

next

each

g iv e n tim e

in d ex

(1 0 0 p e r c e n t )

fo r

a

year.

The

is

b y the

com pu ted
re la tiv e

s u c c e e d in g
y e a r 's

and

base

year

re la tiv e

is

ex­

year

by

is

m u lti­

(th e p e r c e n t

and

by

th en

th e

con­

p re v io u s

to

of

cle ric a l

re g u la r

ea rn in g s

changes
pay

in

fo r

fo r

are

m ost

in d u s tria l
fo r

For

fo r

w ork

based

of

the

nurses,

norm al

h o u rly
on

on

the

p la n tw o rk e r

s tra ig h t-tim e

and

percen ts

in c lu d e

and

s a la rie s

o v e rtim e .

average

o v e rtim e

The

and

w orkers

w e e k ly

fo r

n u m e ric a lly

wage

groups,

e a rn in g s ,

w eekends,

d ata

th e

w orkw eek,
th ey

ex clu d in g

h o lid a y s,

s e le c te d

im p o rta n t

key

and

occu­

jo b s

w ith in

group.

an o ccu p a tio n a l

p ro p o rtio n a te

em ­

L im ita tio n s

o f D ata

group:
The

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

the

p ercen t.

re la tiv e

o ffic e

sh ifts .

each
fo llo w in g

100

wages

in

in d ex .

re la te

of

w ages

p ercen t)

m u ltip ly

tren ds

m easure

of

of

year

100

y e a r 's

a

w here

o f C o m p u tin g
Each

group

v a lu e

p lu s

the

is

percent

p ly in g the b a s e

p a tio n s
M eth od

a

th e

at a con sta n t

m easure

in d ex

as

of

m easures
to

The
pressed

the

to

to

These

in c re a s e d

are

as

fro m

in crea se ,

m on th s

in

grou ps.

p e rio d

m on th s.

in ten d ed

the

100

in c re a s e

12

e s tim a te s

are

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

change

in d u s tria l

expressed

the b a s e

a s s u m p tio n th at w a g e s
These

tim e ,

Annual rates

oth er

of
and

S u b tra c tin g

change

in crea se

was

su rveys.

fo r

changes

the

at

d ates.

p ercen ts

w orkers

o f s e le c te d p la n tw o rk e r

p e rio d .

in

p ercen ts

ch a n g es b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d

and

c le ric a l

e a rn in g s

change

The

in d e x e s

o ffic e

h o u rly

d u rin g

in d ex .

2

of

a m easure

w ages

in d e x y ie ld s
date

in

s a la rie s

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

in

in d e x e s

averages,

changes,

(2 )

w orkers

w h ile

to

changes

em p lo y e d

th e

la b o r

w ages
th e

th e

or

re m a in e d

sam e

jo b ,

re d u ctio n s,
cause

d ec lin e d

re la tiv e ly

co n s id e ra b ly

and

and

w age
in

as

pay

changes

It

gave

is

fo r

the

of

w ork ­
in

o ccu p a tio n a l
that

in c re a s e s ,
w ages

en tered

m ay

an a re a m a y have
en tered

even

average

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

due

fo rc e

Changes

c o n c e iv a b le

S im ila rly ,

yet averages

h ig h e r-p a y in g

in

wage

lo w e r-p a y in g
fo rc e s .

w ages

tu rn over,

p a y le v e ls .

decreases

wage

in d iv id u a l

in th e p r o p o r t io n s

d iffe re n t

area

la b o r

change

and

by

in a v e r a g e

fro m

of

s a la ry

re c e iv e d

changes

or

m easures

G en eral

in

changes.
an

w ork

co n sta n t,

because

(l)

(3 )

w ith

because

th e ir

change,

re s u ltin g

in c re a s e s

actu al

expanded

of
by:

in c re a s e s

fo rce

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

m a y have

area

o th er

la b o r

can

w ith o u t

a ll

p ercen ts

in flu e n c e d

b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts

fo rc e

averages

or

th e

fo rc e

ers

th ou gh

in

and

are

m e rit

in

ex p a n s io n s ,

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

area

have
ris e n

the

area.

e lim in a t e s the

e ffect

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.
Th e use
The
p lie d
in

by

the

re la te d

by

gate
of

fo r

(m e a n )

o c c u p a tio n a l

the g r o u p

aggregate

average
are

the

w eig h t,

to ta led .

su b tra ctin g
f o r the

la te r

e a rlie r

ea rn in g s

The
the

year

year.

and

fo r

aggregate
The

o c c u p a tio n

th e p ro d u c ts

aggregates

and

each

fo r

d iv id in g
re s u lt

fo r

2

th e
the

fo r

a ll

are

c o n s e c u tiv e

e a rlie r

by

years
fro m

show s

th e

pay

changes

in

in d ex es

6

in

and
th e

e m p lo y m e n t

The

of

W here

w ork

of

of

sch e d u le s ,

They
as

data

of

change

th e

su rvey.

rep resen ted

change

hou rs.

necessary,

percen ts
scope

w e ig h ts

w orkers

p ercen ts

s tra ig h t-tim e

stan d ard

o v e rtim e .

changes

co n sta n t

p ro p o rtio n

data.
fo r

the

percent

of

the

th e

fo r

change.




in

in

average

the a g g r e ­
the

changes

c lu d e d

are

year

100

of

o ccu p a tio n s

re m a in d e r

tim e s

m u lti­

any

re fle c t
are

such,

are

or

a d ju sted

s ig n ific a n t

in

each

o n ly

not
by
to

jo b

changes

in flu en c ed
p re m iu m
rem ove

e ffe c t

in ­
in
by
pay

fro m

caused

by

Table 2. Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups in Beaumont—Port Arthur—Orange, Tex.,
M a y 1 9 7 2 and M a y 1973, and percents of increase for selected periods
All industries
Weekly earnings
Period

Office
clerical
(men and
women)

Industrial
n urses
(men and
women)

Manufacturing

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

Weekly earnings
Office
c le rical
(men and
women)

Industrial
nur s e s
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

Indexes (May 1967 = 100)
May 1972______________________ ____________
May 1973___________________________________

131.3
142.2

136.6
150.5

136.9
144.4

140.2
142.3

132.4
144.6

136.6
150.5

137.3
144.9

145.0
152.8

4.5
1.7
1.3
.8
3.3
5.6
3.4
5.9
6.9
7.4
5.7
6.3
10.2

4.6
a
4.9
.2
2.3
3.8
3.7
4.6
6.6
6.2
7.7
7.6
5.5

5.7
1.9
3.2
.2
1.6
3.1
7.0
8.5
7.5
8.1
4.9
9.6
5.4

P ercents of in crease
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May




I960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

1961______________________
1962______________________
1963______________________
1964-----------------------------1965-----------------------------1966-----------------------------1967______________________
1968—........ — ____ _________
1969______________________
1970______________________
1971______________________
1972______________________
1973______________________

5.8
4.5
4.6
1.2
3.2
2.8
4.5
4.9
4.1
5.5
7.0
6.4
8.3

4.5
1.7
1.3
.8
3.3
5.6
3.4
5.9
6.9
7.4
5.7
6.3
10.2

4.3
.7
4.8
.4
2.3
3.9
3.7
4.7
6.6
6.1
7.8
7.3
5.5

4.1
5.9
3.2
1.8
3.0
.7
3.1
9.0
6.7
6.9
5.2
7.3
1.5

7.6
3.1
5.0
.4
2.6
3.5
3.9
4.2
4.8
6.0
7.0
6.9
9.2




Table 3. Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted
for employment shifts, in Beaumont—Port Arthur—Orange, Tex., May 1972 to May 1973
O ccupational group

Office c le r ic a l (men and women). __ _______ „ __
In d ustrial n u rse s (men and women)_________________
Skilled m aintenance trad e s (men)___________________
U nskilled p lantw orkers (men)________ ____________

A ll
in d u stries

7.1
8.6
6.0
6.4

M anufac­
turing

Nonmanu­
facturing

6.3
8.6
6.0
6.0

(*)
( ')
6.9

1 Data do not m eet publication c r ite r ia .

NOTE: T able 3 provides p ercen ts of change in av era ge hourly earn ings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted to exclude the effect of employment sh ifts. The new method
fo r computing wage tren d s is based on changes in a v era g e hourly earn in gs for establish m en ts
reportin g the index jo b s in both the current and p reviou s y e a r (m atched estab lish m en ts),
holding establishm ent employment in the jo b s constant.
The new wage tren d s a re not linked to the curren t indexes becau se the new wage tren d s
m e a su re changes in m atched establishm ent a v e ra g e s w hereas the curren t indexes m ea su re
changes in a re a a v e ra g e s. Other c h a ra c te ris tic s of the new wage tren d s which differ from
the curren t ones include (1) earn ings data of office c le r ic a l w ork ers and in d u strial n u rse s
a re converted to an hourly b a s is , and (2) trend e stim a te s a re provided fo r nonm anufacturing
e stab li shment s .
F o r a m ore detailed descrip tion of the new method used to compute a re a wage survey
in d exes, see "Im proving A re a Wage Survey In d e x e s," Monthly L ab or R eview , Jan u ary 1973,
pp. 52-57.

(‘ )

9

A. O ccupational earnings
T a b le A -1 . O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1973)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Num ber
of
workers

A verage
w eekly
hours1
(standard'

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

*

>

S

70

80

70

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

80

90

60
Mean ‘

Median 2

M iddle ranged

i
s
$
*
»
$
*
$
$
t
*
*
$
S
(
t
»
170 180
190 200 210
220 230 240 250 260
150 160
90 100 110 120 130 140

and

and

under

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

8
8

5
1
4
2

11

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

15
6
9

9
i
8
8

9
9

15
15

16
16

_

9
9

2

2

3
3

5
5

4
4

i
i

2
2

1
1

_

*

_

-

_
-

10
9
i
i

1
1
“

260 o v e r

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
16

39.5

$
90.50

$
92.50

$
$
77. 00- 99.50

6

1

6

-

2

1

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

219
158
61
20

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

205.50
225.50
154.00
184.50

226.00
248.00
145.00
174.00

160.00-257.00
204.50-258.00
123.00-201.50
171.00-212.50

.

-

8

3

-

-

6

-

-

2

8
4
4

3

4
3
1

12
12

*

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

216
87
129

40.0 125.50 106.00 95.00-144.50
40.0 155.00 176.50 105.00-197.50
40.0 105.50 101.00 95.00-116.00

-

-

19
11
8

27
8
19

34
2
32

38
1
37

6
2
4

16
8
8

7
2
5

19
3
16

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

59
47

40.0 170.00 165.00 121.50-225.00
40.0 186.00 180.00 135.00-255.00

_

2

4
4

5
1

1

“

2
*

6
6

4
2

3
2

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

31
17

40.0 152.00 157.50 110.00-185.00
40.0 177.50 180.00 166.00-194.50

6
“

-

2

“

“

2

“

1
1

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

55
33
22

40.0 133.00 132.00 94.50-176.00
40.0 149.50 172.50 104.00-179.00
40.0 108.50 112.50 87.00-132.50

-

6
6

7
6
i

3
3

2
2

*

2
2

4

-

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSIMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

25
19

40.0 108.00 117.00 85.00-123.00
40.0 118.50 119.50 115.50-125.00

4
-

2
2

-

i

3

7
7

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------ -—
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

188
117
71
39

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

143.00-208.00
159.50-214.00
122.50-176.00
160.00-194.00

_
-

-

_
*

19
8
11

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

35
21

40.0 163.00 155.00 119.50-210.00
40.0 144.50 137.50 118.50-162.50

*

_

_
-

_

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

53
38
15

40.0 187.50 198.00 157.50-212.50
40.0 193.00 205.50 155.00-216.00
40.0 174.00 180.00 167.50-198.50

-

-

-

”

“

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------

63
58
25
20

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

_

_

3

-

-

-

4

2
1

3

3

1

*

2

3
3

2

2

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

177
150
27

40.0 157.00 164.00 144.00-180.50
40.0 162.50 169.00 150.00-182.00
40.0 126.00 111.50 106.00-135.00

-

2

4
3
1

6

10
2

2

8

11
2
9

4
4
“

2

4

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------

143
100
43
39

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

-

_
-

1
1
1

3

8

3

6

7
1
6
5

13
4
9
9

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s :

See footnotes at end of tables.




175.00
188.00
153.00
174.00

174.50
183.00
154.50
162.CO

174.00
187.00
143.00
145.50

176.00
196.50
156.00
173.50

176.00
190.50
158.50
166.00

183.00
191.50
141.00
142.00

151.50-206.00
159.50-209.00
139.00-174.00
153.00-177.00

143.50-197.50
179.00-205.00
124.00-157.00
131.50-158.00

-

-

2
“
-

-

1 4 a t $ 2 6 0 t o $ 2 7 0 ; 2 a t $ 2 7 0 t o $ 2 8 0 ; a n d 2 a t $ 2 8 0 t o $2 9 0 .

3

1
2

3

2
1
“

8
3
5
“

3

4
4

5
5

8
8

_

_

4
4

5
5

15
15

6

2
2

i
i

6

2
2

-

6

3
1

3
1

3
3

3
3

1
1

5
5

2
2

11
2
9

-

2
2

1
1

12
12

3
3

1
1

1
1

4
4

2
2

1
1

5
2

9
2
7
2

8

16

5
*

17
10
7
6

17
9
8
6

9
8
i
i

17
9
8
8

22
21
1
1

3
2

“

2
-

1
1

3
i

5
2

2

6

2

3

1
1

4

11
6
5
5

5
5
“

3
2

3

3
2

9
2
7

3

_
_

2

1
1

3

3

2

3

2

2

6
3
3

_
-

2
2

-

5

3

3
1

2
1

5

-

1
1

5
11
8

4

9

6

2

4

2
"

5
5

3
3
3

20
20
-

17
17
-

22
22
-

35
33

8

11
1
10
10

2
2
-

11
11
-

2

6
5

-

1

10
8

“

6

2

12
10
2
2

4

3
i

-

10
10

5
3
2

4

1
1

10
7
3
3

10
10
“

2
2
. -

2
2
-

_
-

14
14
“

23
19
4

7
7
-

~

-

“

18
18
-

28
22
6
6

13
13
-

15
15
-

5
5
-

-

2

2

1

4
“

1
1

57
57

9
9

18
*18

3
3

10
T a b le A -1 . O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1973)
O
W
eekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkeis

1

Number of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
(standard)

$
60

Mean

^

Median 2

70

t

$

80

90

s
100

t

$

110

120

s
130

*

t

t

140

150

160

*

$
170

190

t

s

t

180

200

210

*
220

t

230

$

t

240

250

and
under

M
iddle ranged

260
and

70
M
EN

$

80

90

100

110

120

8

130

140

150

1

160

170

180

190

6

3
3

200

210

-

220

-

230

240

250

260 over

ANO

W EN COMBINED—
OM
CONTINUED

$

$

43
17
26
61
26
35
ZZ
a

40.0 105.00 102.00 88.00-112.00
40.0 120.00 112.00 101.00-147.50
40.0
94.00 95.00 85.00-103.50
/n n 1'in "n 1JL£
i /a o n
AO O 1in
130.50 146.00

42

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

40.0 124.50 122.50 9 8 . 5 0 - 164.00
40.0 162.00 171.00 160.50-177.50
40.0
120.50
99.50 102.50 7 4 . 5 0 -

^0 0 104 00
40^0 107.50

23

93 00
99.00

2

1

8

*
-

16

6

18

3

1

1

2

-

4

*

1

-

-

-

-

*

1

i
j

6

83.00-131.00

10

13

16

3
2

8

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b l e s .

T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and tec h n ica l o c cu p atio n s:

W e e k ly ea rn in g s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1973)
O
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Num ber
of
workers

Number of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
$

A verage
w eekly
(standard)

«

90
M ean ^

M edian ^

*

t

t

t

$

t

s

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

$
S
180 190

%

$

200

210

220

210

220

230

$
$
$
$
%
%
$
230 240 250 260 270 280 290

and
under

M iddle ranged

100

and
190

200

240

250

260

270

280

-

-

290 over

M
EN AN0 W M
O EN COMBINED
15

$
$
$
$
40.0 174.50 174.50 113.00-224.00
40.0 208.00 210.00

*
*

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
20

215.50 220.00 176.00-258.00
40.0

56

_

...
I-

244.00 223.00223 .00 -

251.50
251.50

77
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING
NURSES,

-

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----

See footnotes at end of tables.




40.0 167.50 180.00 151 .0040.0 165.50 180.50 126 .00-

188.50
199.00

30
30

40.0 205.50 207.00 187.0040.0 205.50 207.00 187.00-

236.00 236.00

8
8

40.0 224.00 225.00 187.50-262.50

48
36

12
12

8
8

3

3
3

-

-

10

12
12

7

-

8
8

3
-

-

1

-

3

2

3

4

5

2

2

1
1

-

-

T a b le A - 3 .

O f f ic e , p r o f e s s io n a l, a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s : A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s , b y s e x

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s by in d u s t r y d iv is io n ,
A v e rage

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
(standard)

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

A L L L U N 1ln b y

-

LLAoj

M a y 1973)

A ve rage

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard )

MEN

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

A ve rage
Num ber
of
w orkers

W eekly
(standard )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

$
L»l_tKIv «>f

B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . ,

W eekly
earnings *
(standard )

S e x,

o cc u p a tio n , and in d u s t ry d iv is io n

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

-

W eekly
e arn in gs*
(standard)

-

A

$
40.6

183.50

*0.0

24

189.50
194.50

O O

15

116

26

188.00

1T r 1 j 1 j i

212.50
212.50

LLAjj

120.00

A

*0.0
40.0

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

B O OK KE E P I N G - MA C H I N E
C L A SS B

-

WCMEN
PROFESSIONAL

O P E RA T OR S .
3

.5

— L K t 1A K I t o y
t

37
____
56
127
vL

i ii

*0 0
46:6

C L A SS

0

n

i si

S e e fo otnote at end o f t a b le s .




162.00

An • n 2 1 8 . 0 0
*
U K A r 1jntN}

.

LLAj j A

nn

A A *n
*0.0

ZJ .

82
T6

40.0
40.0

222.50

187.00

i c*> nn
i T T . -.n
I tt -

n

A0. n
*n* 0

*0

0

.

?/
5 *l

,~

173.50

PROFESSIONAL

AND

0

i T9 nn
i *c
1I f1 .-.n

33

26

/ n * n

22

*0.0

133 50
105.50

xn

KEYPUNCH O P E RA T OR S t

TECHNICAL

183.00

nn

aa*n
*0.0

7Z
n

*0.0

1 3 *. -> 0

XA n

AND

U

20

i n ' fl
*0.0

aa

| r ATKULL

vLAjj

58

,0 0

TECHNICAL

99. j O
209.00

1 0 8 * *>0

40.0

12
T a b le A - 4 .

M a in te n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s :

H o u r ly e a r n in g s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Beaumont-Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1973)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly earn in gs3

t
O ccu p a tio n and in d u s t ry d iv is io n
M e d ian 2

U nder
M iddle range 2

i

3.40

3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90

%
and
3.40 un d er

*

*

i

i

i

i

t

i

t

$

4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40

__

*

$

I

4.50 4.60 4.70

I

*

4.80 5.00

I

i

i

*

5

5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20

_

______ 3,50 3*60 3,70 3.8 Q 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 *.<>0 4.50 4.60 4,70 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 o v e r

HEN

AN0

WOMEN

COMBINED

.

$
5 .4 5
5 .4 6

$
5 .5 6
5 .5 6

$
5 .5 2 5 .5 2 -

$
5 .5 9
5 .5 9

5 .4 3
5 .4 4

5 .6 5
5 .6 5

5 .6 1 -

5 .6 8

319

5 .6 1 -

5 .6 8

E N G I N EE R S, S T A T I O N A R Y ------------------------MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------

50
47

5 .4 7
5 .5 3

5 .8 1
5 .8 5

5 .6 4 5 .6 9 -

5 .9 4
5 .9 5

-

-

“

*

F I R E M E N , S T A T I O N A R Y B OI LE R --------------MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------

63
60

5 .2 1
5 .3 2

5 .5 1
5 .5 1

5 .1 1 5 .1 2 -

5 .5 5
5 .5 6

*

*

H E L P E R S , MAI NTENANCE TRADES ------------MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------

140
125

4 .2 5
4 .3 8

4 .6 3
4 .6 5

3 .6 8 4 .6 0 -

4 .6 8
4 .6 9

15
7

4

2

*

2

18
18

M A C H I N I S T S , MAI NTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------

598
596

5 .5 1
5 .5 1

5 .5 8
5 .5 8

5 .5 3 -

5 .6 5

_

_

_

-

5 .5 3 -

5 .6 5

91
56
35
29

4 .4 3
4 .7 6
3 .9 2
3 .9 7

4 .0 7
4 .7 8

3 .7 9 -

5 .5 2

MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

3 .9 3
3 .9 3

3 .9 6 3 .2 8 3 .3 5 -

5 .5 5
4 .2 9
5 .0 3

M E CH AN ICS , MAI NTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------

292
252

5 .2 2
5 .2 8

5 .5 8
5 .6 0

4 .9 8 5 .5 1 -

5 .7 0
5 .7 0

P A I N T E R S , MAI NTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------

124
124

5 .55
5 .55

5 .5 7
5 .5 7

5 .5 3 5 .5 3 -

5 .6 0
5 .6 0

P I P E F I T T E R S , M AI NT ENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------

669
669

5 .5 6
5 .5 6

5 .5 8
5 .5 8

5 .5 4 -

5 .6 4

-

5 .5 4 -

5 .6 4

“

C A R PE N TE RS , MAI NTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------

212
210

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAI NTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------

ME CH AN ICS ,

344

_

“

-

-

-

-

“

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s :

S footnotes at end of tables,
ee




.

.

.

_

“

~
-

.

_

.
“

7
7

_

-

2

“

2

4
4

*

“

*

"

“

*

1

-

-

2

-

-

*
-

-

”

•

*

-

8
8

“

2
2
_

-

3

-

*

12
12

*

1
1
22
22

.
-

2
4
“

8
8
6
6

*

*

_

_

“
12
12

10
-

7
-

10
*7

7
7

-

_

6

_

_

20

*

“

-

-

_

_

_

-

2
2
-

4
4
-

*
-

_

“

_

18

“
-

.
_
~

.

156
156

37
37

.

.

*

-

-

269
266

-

_

*

*

14
14

25
25

-

_

33
33

-

.

_

_

“

*

322
322

234
234

_

_

_

24

2
2
-

2
-

-

24
-

.

4
4

11

-

2
2

3

-

-

_

_

_

“

”

-

*

i

-

26
26

-

i

-

.

.

3

AUTOMOTIVE

(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------------

*

_

19

-

15
4
4

-

6
3
3
3

_
-

*

“

*

3
3

*

-

-

3
-

-

3

-

22
22

4
4

-

_

-

_

-

-

2

3

-

73
73
2

11
11

14
14

3
3

”

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
6

7
3

_

2

“

-

_

2
_

3 at $3 to $3.10 and 4 at $3.20 to $3.30.

.
*

_

-

*

*

4
4

-

-

*

5
5

6
6
-

_

_

-

4

_

.
“

6
6
6
6
6

11
“

_

_

”

-

-

”

“

_

—

_

_

-

-

2
2

“

“

_

“
_

4

22
22

_

”

“

-

-

*

“

.

“

-

_

4

-

71
71

126
122

91
91

31
31

-

-

“

“

434
434

226

-

_

-

226

*

“

“

13
T a b le A - 5 . C u s to d ia l a n d m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r ly e a r n in g s
(Average straight-time hourly earnings o workers in selected occupations by industry division, Beaum Port Arthur—
£
ont—
Orange, Tex., May 1973)
Hourly earn in gs*
Num ber
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

*
1.60

s
1.70

4
1.80

4
1.90

*
2.00

4
2. 2 0

HEN

AND

WOMEN

M iddle range ^

3.80

%

4.20

4.40

$
4.60

4

4 ,00

4.80

5.00

$
5.20

s
5.40

t --5.60

4

20

4.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.60

over

1
1

10
10

2
2

69
69

66
66

2
2

5
5

2
2

23
23

10

2

69

66

2

5

2

*23

84
84

4
4

17
17

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

64
64

13
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

30
26
4
4

-

13
13

1
1

4
4

2.40

2. 6 0

2 .80

3.00

3. 2 0

3.40

3. 6 0

2. 4 0

2.60

2. 8 0

3 .00

3.20

3. 4 0

3.60

3. 8 0 4 . 0 0

12
“

13
“

4

6
4

7
7

7
5

3
3

5
5

9
9

7

5

2

1

9

1

1

4
2
2

18
4
14

13
2
11

-

7
3
4

26
18
8

5
1
4

16
16

13
13

3
3

18
18

49
49

4
4

1
-

28
4
24

75
12
63

21
21
1

39
11
28

39
3
36

11
5

8
7
1

5
4
1

18
15
3

27
27

It 0 0

1.90

2.00

2.20

5
“

*

23
•

18
“

96
3
93

60
60

_

and

COMBINED

293
214

G U A R D S A N D W A T C H M E N --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------GUARDS
MANUFACTURING

M edian ^

and
under
1.70

M ean2

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
S
4
4
$

$
3.94
4.64

$
4.70
4.78

$
2.554.63-

$
4.86
4.90

-

205

4.70

4.79

4.67-

4.91

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

618
233
385

2.57
3.81
1.82

1.85
4.18
1.72

1.683.621.66-

4o03
4.26
1.84

185
12
173

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

395
190
205
26

3.32
3.81
2.86
4.12

3.13
4.18
2.74
4,43

2.533.412.463.70-

4.22
4.31
3.12
4.49

12
12

-------------------------

56
20
36

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

3.41
4.23
2.95

3.14
4.75
3.09

2.732.862.66-

4.09
5.28
3.20

-

-

”

”

_

_

-

-

1

-

_

6

-

2
2

-

3
-

6

“

3

4

-

3

5
6
2
4

-

38
-

9
-

9

28
28

5
5
4

20
9
11
~

22
2
20
“

3
3
~

-

2
2

“

“

2
2

-

10
4

13
-

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

i

5

-

2

-

1

24

21
16
5
“

7
2
5
1

17
14
3
2

48
48
1

22
1
21
19

31
29
2
2

112
112
-

20
20
-

-

23
23
-

61
61
-

”

“

**58
58
58

6
5
1

1
1

8
8

28
28

“

3
2
1

1
1

*

11
2
9

9
-

15
10
5

4
4

11
9
2

47
47

21
21

20
20
“

78
78

-

-

-

---------------------------

15

4.38

4.83

3.00-

4.99

TRUCKDRIVERS
----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

603
318
285
87

4.09
4.52
3.62
5.27

4.51
4.74
3.29
5.83

3.074.522.434.37-

4.88
5.22
4.34
5.87

17
16
1
“

T R U C KD RI VE RS , LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) ---------------------------m a n u f a ct ur in g
------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

121
58
63

3.37
4.58
2.26

2.93
4.72
2.09

2.094.521.99-

4.71
4.78
2.46

1
-

-

1

T R U C K D R I V E R S , M E D I U M (1-1/2 TO
A N D I N C L U D I N G 4 T O N S ) -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

374
191
183

4.37
4.57
4.16

4.61
4.73
4.07

3.954.563.26-

5.53
5.51
5.82

12
12
”

TR UC KD RI VE RS , HE AV Y (OVER 4 TONS,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

55
20
35

3.32
3.25
3.37

3.05
3.15
3.05

2.922.922.93-

3.38
4.40
3.27

4

-

-

-

2

-

-

i

15

ii

10

1

-

-

-

-

2

5

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

i

9

ii

6

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

T R U C K E R S , P O W E R ( F O R K L I F T ) ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

210
199

4.28
4.36

4.73
4.74

3.923.94-

4.86
4.87

_

_

-

1
1

-

6
6

-

5
3

20
11

3

-

-

-

“

2

-

51
51

33

-

39
39

2

3

10
10

-

-

W A R E H O U S E M E N ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

161
139

4.70
4.99

5.23
5.26

4.244.98-

5.34
5.36

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

12
3

-

6

-

4

2
2

4
4

_

1
1

SHIPPING

CLERKS

i
* All workers were at $5.60 to $5.80.
* * All workers were at $5.80 to $6.

S footnotes at end of tables.
ee




-

2
2
-

18
2
16

"

“

“

38
“

“

16
16

15
15

-

“

-

2
2
*

2
2
“

21
21

9
9

“
-

6

_

28
28

“

-

-

“

-

9
15
"

9

3

6
6

*

2
2

_

1
1

3
3

2
2

_

3
3

13

3
1
2

_

-

-

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

9
9

-

4
4
“

-

-

52
52

**54
-

**

“

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

4

40
40

-

-

-

33

“

“

“

14
14

8
8

70
70

23
23

2

54

2




Table A-6. Maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material handling
occupations: Average hourly earnings, by sex
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division,
Beaumont—
Port Arthur— range, T ex., May 1973)
O

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

A verage
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean 2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN— CONTINUED

maintenance and powerplant

OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

$
NONHANUFACTURING
t L t v 1K l L l A N o t

h

r U o L 1w

A I N 1C N A N v t

50

5 .4 7

-----------------------------------U 1 1L 1 1 1 L J

RECEIVING CLERKS

-------------------------------------------

205
26

2.86

56

3 .4 1

36

6 .0 9

-------------------------------

87

5 .2 7

TRUCKDRIVERS# LIGHT (UNDER
1 -1 /2 TONS) -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

121

58

3 .3 7
4 .5 8

191

4 l5 7

35

3 .3 7

-------------------------------------------

199

4 .3 6

----------------------------------------------------

161

4 .7 0

122

1 .7 1

--------------------------------------------------

PUBLIC UTILITIES

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
1H i It V LItAItUL 1
m

56

4 .7 6

252

5 .2 8

MANUFACTURING

r A 1 It 1 L K w i

4 .3 8

603

TRUCKDRIVERS
£ *3 0

MANUFACTURING

2*95

1
3

-------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,

« i A 1 It 1 t N A I r v L

NONMANUFACTURING
1K U L K c K j f

MANUFACTURING

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

WAREHOUSEMEN

GUARDS

4 .7 0

See footnotes at end of tables.

-------

496

1 .9 0

------------------------------------

1r U K K L lr 1 1

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
OCCUPATIONS - W M
O EN

2 .7 8

276

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS

rU N L K

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
NONHANUFACTURING

-------

15

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for women officeworkers
(Distribution of establishm ents studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance sa la r y for selected categories
of inexperienced women o fficew o rk ers, Beaumont—
Port Arthur— range, Tex. , May 1973)
O
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e s a la r y 4

All
schedules

75
11

Nonmanufacturing

33
8

Manufacturing
All
industries

B ased on standard weekly h ou rs6 of—

All
industries

Establishm ents stud ied --------------------------------------

Other inexperienced c le rical w o rk e rs5

All
schedules

40

XXX

42

XXX

8

3

3

40

75
29

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hou rs6 of—
All
schedules

33
16

All
schedules

40

XXX

42

XXX

16

13

11

40

1
$62.50 and under $65.00------------------------—
--------

—

2

1

1

i

i

1
4

1

1

1

1

2
2

2

2

1

1

$105.00 and under $110.00-------------------------------

i

See footnotes at end of tables.




1
2
2

1
2
2

i

i

58

24

-

-

1

6
E stablish m ents which did not employ w orkers
in this ca te g o ry ----------------------------------------------- —

1
2
2
1

—

1

34

-

-

20

XXX

1

1
1
2
2
2

1

1

2
2

2

1
2

2

16
XXX

2

1

1

1
2
5

XXX

1

2

1

2

2
2

1
1

1
2

7

30

10

XXX




T a b le B - 2 .

S h if t d iffe r e n tia ls

(Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plant-workers by type and amount of pay differential,
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1973)
(All plantw orkers in m anufacturing - 100 percent)
P ercen t of m anufacturing plantw orkers—
L ate -sh ift pay provision

In establish m en ts having p rovision s 7
for late shifts
Second shift

T o tal-------------------------------------------------

9 8 .4

91. 0

Second shift

19.7

Third or other
shift

10. 3

.

_

.

9 8 .4

91. 0

19. 7

10. 3

Uniform cents (per h o u r)--------------------

98. 4

88. 9

19. 7

10. 3

5 c e n t s ---------------------------------------7 c e n t s ---------------------------------------8 c e n t s ---------------------------------------10 cen ts--------------------------------------11 cen ts--------------------------------------12 cen ts--------------------------------------1 3 V c e n ts -----------------------------------3
15 cents--------------------------------------16 cen ts--------------------------------------18 cents--------------------------------------20 cents--------------------------------------24 cen ts--------------------------------------30 cen ts---------------------------------------

1. 0
3. 5
2 .4
8. 9
1. 4
8. 7
1. 3
70. 2
1. 0
-

1. 0
.5
4. 5
3. 0
8. 7
10. 2
1. 0
60. 0

.2
.6
.6
2. 7
2. 6
.4
12. 5
. 1
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
.2
.4
_
.3
_
.1
9. 3

"

~

No pay d ifferen tial for work on late s h ift------P ay d ifferen tial for work on late s h ift-----------

_

Third or other
shift

A ctually working on late shifts

Type and amount of d ifferen tial:

F u ll d ay 's pay fo r reduced h ours----------

See footnote at end of tables.

~

2. 0

17

T a b le B - 3 .

S c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s a n d d a y s

(P ercen t of plantw orkers and officew orkers in all in dustries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours and days
of fir s t-s h ift w o rk e rs, Beaumont— ort Arthur—
P
Orange, T e x ., May 1973)
Officeworker s

Plantw orkers
Weekly hours and days

All w o rk e rs--------------------------------------30 hours— 5 d a y s -------------------------------------35 hours— 5 d a y s -------------------------------------36 hours— 5 d a y s -------------------------------------37 V hours— 5 d ay s-----------------------------------2
40 hours— 5 d a y s -------------------------------------44 hours— 5 d a y s -------------------------------------45 h ou rs-------------------------------------------------5 d ay s------------------------------------------------5 ‘/2 d a y s ___________________________________
48 hours— 6 d a y s -------------------------------------55 hours— 5 V d ay s-----------------------------------2

See footnote at end of tab le s.




All industries

Manufacturing

10 0

10 0

10 0

-

-

-

(9)
1

-

-

2
3

-

-

-

-

-

3
92
1

-

2

-

95

3

3

2
96
1
1
-

89
1
4
4
(9)
1
(9)

Public utilities

-

3

-

-

-

3

2

All industries

100

Manufacturing

10 0

98
(!)
(9)
-

Public utilities

100

100
-

T a b l e B - 4 . A n n u a l p a id h o l id a y s
(Percent of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays, Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex. , May 1973)
Plantw orkers
Item

O fficew orkers

All industries

Manufacturing

All w ork ers---------------------------------------

10 0

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid h o lid ay s----------------------------------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid h o lid a y s-------------------------------------

97

10 0

98

99

10 0

10 0

3

-

2

-

-

Public utilities

All industries

(9)

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Number of days
5 half h o lid a y s----------------------------------------1 holiday-u----------------------------------------------3 h o lid a y s----------------------------------------------5 h o lid a y s--------------------.--------------------------6 h o lid a y s----------------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s-------- --------- —
--------------------------8 h o lid a y s----------------------------------------------9 h o lid ay s----------------------------------------------10 holidays----------------------------------------------

2
2

3

_

_

_

_

(9)
1
12
9

-

14
60
1

14
76
1

3
4
47
44
-

1
61
75
79
82
93
93
95
97

1
77
92
92
92
97
97
100
100

44
91
95
95
98
98
98
98

n
3
3

-

5
1

9

6

23
52
(9)

(9)
18
72
1

1
57
37
-

(9)
53
76
78
86
98
98
98
99

1
73
91
91
91
100
100
100
100

37
93
94
94
100
100
100
100

2

-

Total holiday tim e 10
10 d ay s--------------------------------------------------9 days or m o r e ----------------------------------------8 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------7 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------6 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------5 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------3 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------2 V days or m o re--------------------------------------2
1 day or m o re ------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

_

/

19

T a b le B -4 a .

Id e n tific a tio n o f m a j o r p a id h o lid a y s

(Percen t of plantw orkers and officew orkers in all in du stries and in industry divisions by paid holidays, Beaumont— ort Arthuir-Orange, Tex. , May 197 3)
P
O fficew orkers

Plantw orkers
Holiday

Manufacturing

All w o rk ers---------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

New Y e a r 's D a y --------------------------------------Washington's Birthday------------------------------T exas Independence D a y ---------------------------San Jacin to Day---------------------------------------Good F r id a y -------------------------------------------M em orial Day-----------------------------------------Fourth of Ju ly -----------------------------------------Labor Day----------------------------------------------Columbus Day-----------------------------------------V eterans Day----------------------------------------Thanksgiving D a y ------------------------------------Day after Thanksgiving-----------------------------C hristm as Eve----------------------------------------C hristm as Day----------------------------------------New Y ea r's E v e --------------------------------------Floating holiday, I day 12--------------------------Floating holiday, 2 days 12-------------------------E m ployee's birth d ay--------------------------------Company an n iv ersary --------------------------------

93
29
12
5
74
70
93
92

97
33
16
7
91
82
97
97

98
73

99
40
6
8
63
77
99
95
6
14
99
39
21
99
1
6
4
4
4

100
28
13
9
89
85
100
96

100
83

See footnotes at end of tab les.




-

5
93
53
30
95
4
5
2
4
3

-

4
97
72
40
97
6
2
3

Public utilities

All industries

All industries

-

90
95
98
98
44
98
7
4
98
-

10
1
1

Manufacturing

-

3
100
76
42
100
2
3
(9)

Public utilities

-

2
93
96
100
98
34
100
7
1
100
-

3
-

20

T a b le B -5 . P a id v a c a tio n s
(Percent of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1973)
O fficew orkers

Plantw orkers
Vacation policy

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
91
8

100
89
11

100
100
-

99
99
“

100
100
-

100
100
-

1

"

"

(9)

■

■

Under 1 week________________________________
1 week_______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s---------------------------

3
7
(9)

3
3
-

26
7

1
22
1

(9)
30

22
5

A fter 1 year of serv ice
1 week____ — _ — — _ ------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s____________________
2 w e e k s______________________________________

38
2
59

30
2
67

22
2
76

22
78

14
86

23
77

25
2
72

24
2
74
"

4
2
94
"

11
86
3

11
89

2
98
“

11
(9)
85
2
1

9
88
2
1

2
98
“

8
88
4

9
90
1

1
99
-

1 week_______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s____________________
2 w e e k s______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s____________________
3 w e e k s_____________________________________

4
(’ )
93
2
1

1
96
2
1

2
98
"

3
93
4

1
99
1

1
99
-

After 5 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week_______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s____________________
2 w e e k s______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s____________________
3 w e e k s_____________________ ___ ____________

3
(9)
42
8
46

1
26
11
62

2
88
10

1
64
34

1
38
62

1
94
6

A fter 10 y e a rs of serv ic e
1 week_______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s____ _______________
2 w e e k s______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ __________________
3 w e e k s_____________________________________
4 weeks _ __________________ ________________

3
(9)
21
2
27
45

1
16
3
18
61

2

1
16
1
50
31

1
14
2
21
62

1
2
92
6

All w o rk e rs...___ ________________________
Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacation s______________________________
Length-of-tim e paym ent___________________
Percentage payment_______________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacation s___________________________
Amount of vacation pay 13
After 6 months of serv ice

After 2 y e a rs of serv ic e
1 week----- ------------ --------------- ---------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s____________________
2 w e e k s______________________________________
3 w e e k s______________________________________
After 3 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week------------------- --------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks __________________
2 w e e k s______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s____________________
3 w e e k s______________________________________
After 4 y e a rs of serv ice

See footnotes at end of tables.




88
10

21

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Percent of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions* Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1973)
Plantw orkers
Vacation policy

Officeworker s

All industries

Manufacturing

3
(9)
18
5
28
45

i
12
7
20
61

2
88
10

3
(9)
10
31
8
37
11

1
3
22
11
49
14

3
(9)
10
17
2
23
44

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

i
14
2
49
2
31

i
12
3
18
4
62

i
2
92
6

2
81
16
-

1
7
54
2
28
7

1
4
30
4
48
14

1
90
10
-

1
3
17
2
17
60

2
88
10

1
7
21
"
39
31

1
4
19
15
62

1
2
92
6

3
(9)
10
9
2
21
6
47

1
3
6
2
18
9
60

2

1
7
15
36
2
39

1
4
11
18
4
62

1
-

3
(9)
10
9
2
21
6
47

1
3
6
2
18
9
60

1
7
15
"
36
41

1
4
11
18
66

53
46

1
7
15
36
38
3

1
“
4
11
18
60
6

i
53
46
"

Amount of vacation pay 13— Continued
After 12 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week_______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s____________________
2 w e e k s_______________ ____________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s____________________
3 w eek s_____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s____________________
4 w e e k s_____________________________________
After 15 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week_______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s____________________
2 w e e k s_____________________________________
3 w eek s_____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s____________________
4 w e e k s_____________________________________
5 w e e k s_____________________________________
After 20 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week____________________________________ __
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s____________________
2 w e e k s_____________________________________
3 w e e k s__________________________ _________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s____________________
4 w eeks________________________________
_
_
5 w eek s_____________________________________
After 25 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week_______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s________________ _ _
2 w e e k s_____________________________________
3 w e e k s_________________ __________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s____________________
4 w e e k s__________________________________ —
Over 4 and under 5 weeks ___________________
5 w e e k s_____________ ________________ _____
A fter 30 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week______________________
___ ________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s____________________
2 w e e k s_____________________________________
3 w e e k s______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s____________________
4 w eek s______________________________ ______
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s____________________
5 w e e k s______________________________________
M aximum vacation available
1 week______ _______________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s____________________
2 w e e k s_____________________________________
3 w e e k s_____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s____________________
4 w e e k s_____________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s____________________
5 w e e k s_____________________________________
6 w e e k s_____________________________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




3
n

10
9
2
21
6
43
4

1

3
6
2
18
9
54
6

46
51
2
46
51
2
46
51
*

-

53
46
1
-

-

22

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s

(Percent of plantw orkers and officew orkers in a ll in du stries and in industry divisions employed in establishm ents providing
health, in su ran ce, or pension benefits, Beaumont— o rt Arthur— range, T e x ., May 1973)
P
O
Type of benefit and
financing 1
4

Officeworker s

Plantw orkers
All industries

Manufacturing

All w ork ers---------------------------------------

100

100

100

Workers in establishm ents providing at
le a st 1 of the benefits shown below -------------

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

95

100

100

99

100

100

Life in su ra n ce ------------------------------------Noncontributory p la n s -----------------------Accidental death and dism em berm ent
in su ran ce-----------------------------------------Noncontributory p la n s -----------------------Sickn ess and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 15-----------------------------

92
61

99
68

100
55

91
54

98
60

100
40

42
17

39
15

52
12

53
22

45
14

49
10

82

91

52

80

92

49

Sickn ess and accident in su ran ce----------Noncontributory p la n s -------------------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)-------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting p eriod)--------------------------------

46
25

54
28

6
4

25
10

42
16

4
3

20

20

15

60

84

24

37

41

30

18

5

24

L ong-term d isability in su ran ce ---------------Noncontributory p la n s -----------------------H ospitalization in su ran ce-----------------------Noncontributory p la n s-----------------------S u rg ical in su ran ce--------------------------------Noncontributory p la n s -----------------------M edical in su ra n c e --------------------------------Noncontributory p la n s -----------------------M ajor m edical in su ra n ce -----------------------Noncontributory p la n s -----------------------Dental in su ra n ce ----------------------------------Noncontributory p la n s-----------------------R etirem ent pension-------------------------------Noncontributory p la n s ------------------------

22
14
95
35
95
35
95
35
82
25
4
2
81
69

26
17
100
35
100
35
100
35
84
21
1
1
91
85

19
17
100
78
100
78
100
78
100
78

28
14
99
43
99
43
99
43
92
37
4
1
85
58

37
18
100
29
100
29
100
29
86
17
3
3
91
71

11
8
100
81
100
81
100
81
100
81
87
32

See footnotes at end of tables.




87
43

23

F o o tn o te s
A ll

of th e se

s ta n d a r d fo o tn ote s m a y not a p p ly to th is b u lle tin .

1
St an dar d hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p ay f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r an d/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c om p u te d f o r e ach jo b by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s of a l l w o r k e r s and d iv i d i n g by the nu m b er of w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n
d e s ig n a te s p o s i ti o n — h a l f of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a t e shown; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a te shown.
T h e m id d le
r a n g e is d e fin e d by 2 r a t e s of pay; a fou rth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r r a te .
3
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a te s h if ts .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s ta r tin g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e paid f o r standa rd
w orkw eeks.
5
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6
Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l stan da rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
In clu des a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts c u r r e n t l y o p e r a ti n g la t e s h ifts , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r late
s h ifts , e v e n though the e s ta b l i s h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a tin g l a te shif ts .
8
L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
10 A l l c o m b in a tio n s of f u l l and h a l f days that add to the s a m e amount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a
t o ta l of 9 days in c lu d e s th os e w ith 9 f u l l days and no h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on. P r o p o r t i o n s
then w e r e cum ula te d.
11 T h e s e days a r e p r o v i d e d as p a r t of a C h r i s t m a s —N e w Y e a r h o l i d a y p e r i o d w h ic h t y p i c a l l y be gin s with C h r i s t m a s E v e and ends w ith
N e w Y e a r ' s Day. Such a h o lid a y p e r i o d is c o m m o n in the a u t o m o b i l e , a e r o s p a c e , and f a r m i m p l e m e n t i n d u s t r i e s . B e c a u s e of y e a r - t o - y e a r
v a r i a t i o n in the nu m b e r of w o r k d a y s d u r in g the p e r i o d , p ay f o r a Sunday in D e c e m b e r , f r e q u e n t l y r e f e r r e d to as a "b on us h o l i d a y , " m a y be
p r o v i d e d to e q u a l i z e e ach y e a r ' s t o t a l h o lid a y pay.
12 " F l o a t i n g " h o lid a y s v a r y f r o m y e a r to y e a r a c c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r o r e m p l o y e e c h o i c e .
13 Inc lu d e s p ay m e n ts other than " l e n g t h of t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e of annual e a r n i n g s or f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e qu iv a le n t
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t of annual e a r n i n g s w as c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s pay. P e r i o d s of s e r v i c e a r e cho se n a r b i t r a r i l y and do not
n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , ch an ge s in p r o p o r t i o n s at 10 y e a r s includ e changes b e tw e e n 5 and 10
y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p ay a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c lu d e s th os e e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3
w e e k s ' p ay a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
14 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r typ e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l plans f o r w h ich at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e by the e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
p l a n s " in clu de only th o s e f in a n c e d e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r .
E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
13 U n du pli c ated t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e or s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e shown s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S ic k l e a v e plans a r e
l i m i t e d t o th o s e w h ich d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r of d a y s ' p a y that e ach e m p l o y e e can e x p e c t .
In fo r m a l sick le a v e
a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e exc lu d e d .







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A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B u reau 's wage surveys is to a s s is t its field staff in classify in g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll title s and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from are a to a re a . This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rate s representing com parable job content. Because of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and in tera re a com parability of occupational content, the B u reau's job descriptions m ay differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other p urp oses. In applying these job d escrip tion s, the B u reau 's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working su p e rv iso rs; apprentices; le a rn e rs; beginners; train e es; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w ork ers.

O F F IC E
C LER K, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL L E R , MACHINE

P osition s are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Under general supervision, perform s accounting c le ric a l operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for exam ple, cle rically p rocessin g com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran saction s, selecting among a substantial variety of
p rescrib e d accounting codes and c la ssifica tio n s, or tracin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d iscre p an cies. May be a ssiste d by one or m ore
c la ss B accounting cle rk s.
C la ss B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized p ro ­
cedu res, p erform s one or m ore routine accounting cle ric al operations, such as posting to
le d g e rs, c a rd s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and locations of postings are
cle arly indicated; checking accu racy and com pleteness of standardized and repetitive record s
or accounting docum ents; and coding documents using a few p rescrib ed accounting codes.

P re p a re s statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May a lso keep reco rd s as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
c le rical work incidental to billing operations. F o r wage study p u rp oses, b ille r s , m achine, are
c la ssifie d by type of m achine, a s follows:
B ille r, m achine (billing m achine). U ses a sp ecial billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to p rep are b ills and invoices from cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e rs, in ter­
nally prepared o rd e rs, shipping m em orandum s, etc. U sually involves application of p re ­
determined discounts and shipping ch arges and entry of n ec e ssa ry extensions, which m ay or
m ay not be computed on the billing m achine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m achine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
B ille r, machine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to p rep are cu sto m ers' bills a s part of the accounts receivable op era­
tion. G enerally involves the simultaneous entry of figu res on cu stom ers' ledger record . The
machine autom atically accum ulates figu res on a number of v ertical columns and computes
and usually prints autom atically the debit or credit b alan ces. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and credit slip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with o r without a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to keep a re c o rd
o f business tran saction s.

C la ss A. Keeps a set of reco rd s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the p articu lar accounting system
used. D eterm ines proper reco rd s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May p rep are consolidated rep o rts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
C la ss B. Keeps a record of one or m ore p h ases or sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. P hases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described under b iller,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting departm ent.
C L E R K , ACCOUNTING
P erfo rm s one or m ore accounting c le ric al task s such as posting to r e g iste rs and le d g e rs;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, com pleteness, and m athem atical
accu racy of accounting docum ents; assignin g p rescrib e d accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for c le ric al accu racy various types of rep o rts, lis t s , calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing sim ple or a ssistin g in preparing m ore com plicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work req u ires a knowledge of c le ric al methods and office p ractices and procedures
which relate s to the c le ric al p ro cessin g and recording of tran saction s and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becom es fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and p roced ures used in the assign ed work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al
p rin cip les of bookkeeping and accounting.




C LER K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and retrie v e s m aterial in an established filing system . May perform
cle ric al and manual task s required to m aintain files. Positions are cla ssifie d into levels on the
b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . C la s sifie s and indexes file m aterial such a s correspondence, rep orts, tech­
nical docum ents, e tc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
m atter file s. May also file this m ate rial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a sm all group of lower level file c le rk s.
C la ss B . S o rts, codes, and file s un classified m aterial by sim ple (subject m atter) head­
ings or partly c la ssifie d m aterial by finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c r o ss-re fe re n c e aid s. As requested, locates cle arly identified m aterial in files and fo r­
w ards m ate rial. May perform related cle ric al task s required to maintain and service file s.
C la ss C . P erfo rm s routine filing of m ate rial that has already been cla ssifie d or which
is e asily c la ssifie d in a sim ple se r ia l cla ssifica tio n system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or num erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forw ards m a ­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. May perform sim ple c le rical and manual task s
required to m aintain and serv ice file s.
C LER K , ORDER
R eceives cu stom ers' ord e rs for m ate rial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting p rices to custom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to m ake up the o rder; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departm ents to be filled. May check with credit
departm ent to determ ine credit rating o( custom er, acknowledge receipt of ord e rs from custom ers,
follow up o rd e rs to see that they have been filled, keep file of ord ers received, and check shipping
invoices with original o rd e rs.
C LE R K , PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n ece ssa ry data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on tim e or production reco rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such a s w ork er's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for in suran ce, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a s s is t paym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: Since the la st survey in this a re a , the Bureau has (1) discontinued collecting data for Com ptom eter o p e ra to rs, (2) changed
the electron ics technicians c la ssific a tio n from a single level to a three level job, and (3) begun collecting data for warehousemen.

25

26
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

O perates a keypunch machine to reco rd or v erify alphabetic and/or num eric data on
tabulating card s or on tape.

NO TE: The term "corporate o fficer, " used in the level definitions following, r e fe r s to
those officials who have a significant corporate-w ide policym aking role with regard to m ajor
company a ctiv ities. The title "vice p re sid e n t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all c a se s identify such positions. Vice p resid en ts whose p rim ary respon sibility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual c a se s or tran saction s (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or cred it actions;
adm inister individual tru st accounts; directly sup ervise a c le ric a l staff) are not considered to be
"corp orate o ffic e r s" for purposes of applying the following level definition s.

Positions are c la ssifie d into lev els on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Work req u ires the application of experience and judgment in selecting p ro ce ­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selecting, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a variety of source docum ents. On occasion may a lso perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch o p erato rs.
C la ss B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or instruction s, works from v ario u s standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified proced ures which have been p rescrib e d in detail and require
little or no selectin g, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. R e fe rs to su p ervisor
problem s a risin g from erroneous item s or codes or m issin g information.
M ESSENGER (Office Boy or Girl)
P erfo rm s v ariou s routine duties such a s running e rra n d s, operating m inor office m a ­
chines such as s e a le r s or m a ile r s, opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le ric a l work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
A ssigned a s p erso n al se c r e ta r y , norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
respon sive relationship to the day-to-day work of the su p e rv iso r. Works fa irly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erfo rm s varied c le ric a l and se c r e ta r ia l
duties, usually including m ost of the following:
a. R eceives telephone c a lls , person al c a lle r s , and incoming m ail, answ ers routine
in q u ires, and routes technical in quiries to the proper p erson s;
b.

E sta b lish e s, m ain tain s, and r e v ise s the su p e rv iso r's files;

c.

M aintains the su p e rv iso r 's calendar and m akes appointments a s instructed;

d.

R elays m e ssa g e s from su p e rv iso r to subordinates;

e. Review s correspondence, m em orandum s, and rep orts prepared by others for the
su p e rv iso r 's signature to a ss u r e procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

P erfo rm s stenographic and typing work.

May a lso perform other c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l task s of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically req u ires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p ro g ra m s, and procedures related to the work of the su p e rv iso r.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "s e c re ta r y " p o s se s s the above c h a ra c te ristic s. Exam ples
of p ositions which are excluded from the definition are a s follow s:
a.

P ositions which do not m eet the "p e rso n al" secre tary concept described above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in se c r e ta r ia l type duties;

c. Stenographers servin g a s office a ssista n ts to a group of p ro fe ssio n al, technical, or
m an ag erial p erson s;
d. S ec re ta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or
substantially m ore com plex and respon sible than those characterized in the definition;
e. A ssista n t type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore respon sible tech­
nical, adm in istrativ e, su p erv iso ry , or sp ecialized c le ric a l duties which are not typical of
s e c r e ta r ia l work.




C la ss A
1. S ecre ta ry to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre ta ry to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre tary to the head, im m ediately below the corporate officer level, of a m ajor
segm ent or su bsid iary of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss B
1. S ecre tary to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, fewer than 100 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre ta ry to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre ta ry to the head, im m ediately below the officer lev el, over either a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g ., m arketing, re se arch , operations, in dustrial r e la ­
tion s, etc.) or a m ajo r geographic or organizational segm ent (e.g ., a regional head quarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4. S ecre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 p e rso n s: or
5. S ecre tary to the head of a la rge and im portant organizational segm ent (e.g., a middle
m anagem ent su p erv iso r of an organizational segm ent often involving a s many a s sev e ral
hundred p erson s) or a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss C
1. S ecre ta ry to an executive or m an agerial person whose resp on sibility is not equivalent
to one of the sp ecific level situations in the definition for c la ss B, but whose organizational
unit norm ally num bers at le a st sev eral dozen em ployees and is usually divided into o rg an iza­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in oth ers, only one or two; o r
2. S ecre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss D
1. S ecre ta ry to the su p ervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 p erson s); or
2. S ecre tary to a nonsupervisory staff sp e c ia list, p rofession al employee, ad m in istra­
tive o fficer, or a ssista n t, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many com panies assig n
sten ograp h ers, rather than se c r e ta r ie s as d escribed above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tran scrib e the dictation. May
a lso type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasion ally tran scrib e
from voice recordings (if p rim ary duty is tran scrib in g from record in gs, see Transcribing-M achine
O perator, G eneral).
NO TE: This job is distinguished from that of a se c re ta ry in that a se cre tary norm ally
works in a confidential relationship with only one m an ager or executive and perform s m ore
resp on sible and d iscretion ary task s as d escrib ed in the se c re ta ry job definition.
Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May m aintain file s, keep sim ple reco rd s,
or perform other relatively routine c le ric a l ta sk s.

27
STENOGRAPHER— Continued

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine O perator}— Continued

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such a s in legal briefs
or rep o rts on scientific rese arc h . May also set up and m aintain files, keep re c o rd s, etc.
OR
P erfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly g rea ter independence and respon ­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requ ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business
and office procedure; and of the specific bu sin ess operations, organisation, p o licie s, p ro ce ­
d u res, file s, workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
respon sible c le ric al task s such a s m aintaining followup file s; assem bling m ate rial for rep orts,
m em orandum s, and le tters; composing sim ple le tters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. P erfo rm s full telephone information serv ice or handles
com plex c a lls, such as conference, collect, o v e rse a s, or sim ila r c a lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as d escribed for switchboard o p erato r, c la ss B, or a s a full-tim e
assignm ent. ("F u ll" telephone information serv ic e occurs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information p urp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping or in terrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls.)
C la ss B . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls . May handle routine long distance c a lls and record to lls.
May perform lim ited telephone information serv ic e . ("L im ite d " telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishm ent serv iced are readily understandable for telephone
information p u rp o ses, or if the requ ests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
specific nam es are furnished, or if com plex c alls are referre d to another operator.)
These c la ssific a tio n s do not include switchboard o p erato rs in telephone com panies who
a s s is t custom ers in placing c a lls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or perform routine c le ric al work a s p art of regu lar
duties. This typing or c le ric al work m ay take the m ajo r part of this w orker's tim e while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
O perates one or a variety of m achines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, in ter­
p rete r, so rte r, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working su p e rv iso rs.
A lso excluded are operators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay also operate
EAM equipment.

Positions are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. P erfo rm s complete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. A ssignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex rep orts which often are irreg u lar or nonrecurring, requiring
som e planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new op erators in machine operations or training
lower level op erators in wiring from d iagram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex rep o rts. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to
selection and insertion of prew ired boards.
C la ss B. P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
stru ctions. A ssignm ents typically involve com plete but routine and recu rrin g reports or parts
of la r g e r and m ore com plex rep orts. O perates m ore difficult tabulating or e lectrical a c ­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler m achines
used by c la ss C o p erato rs. May be required to do some wiring from d iagram s. May train
new em ployees in basic machine operations.
C la ss C. Under specific in struction s, operates sim ple tabulating or electrical accounting
m achines such as the so rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from d iag ram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to tran scrib e dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
tran scribing-m achine reco rd s. May a lso type from written copy and do sim ple clerical work.
W orkers tran scrib in g dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal b riefs or rep orts on scientific rese arch are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is c la ssifie d a s a stenographer.
TYPIST
U se s a typew riter to m ake copies of various m ate rials or to make out bills after calcu la­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate ­
r ia ls for use in duplicating p r o c e sse s. May do cle ric al work involving little special training, such
a s keeping sim ple reco rd s, filing record s and rep o rts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
C la ss A. P erform s one or m ore of the following; Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from sev eral so u rces; or respon sibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate ­
rial; or planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tab les to m aintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form le tte rs, varying d etails to suit circum stan ces.
C la ss B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
d ra fts; or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licie s, etc.; or setting up sim ple standard
tabulations: or copying m ore com plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital com puter to p ro cess data according
to operating instruction s, usually prepared by a p ro g ram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape re e ls, c a rd s, etc.); switches n ec e ssa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and sta rts
and op erates com puter; m akes adjustm ents to computer to c o rrec t operating problem s and m eet
sp ecial conditions; reviews e r r o r s made during operation and determ ines cause or r e fe r s problem
to su p erviso r or p ro gram er; and m aintains operating rec o rd s. May te st and a s s is t in correcting
program .
F or wage study p u rp o ses, computer o p erato rs are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
p rogram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: . New p rogram s a re frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of critic al im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p ro gram s a re of complex design so that identification of e rr o r source often requ ires a
working knowledge of the total p rogram , and alternate p ro gram s m ay not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level o p erato rs.
C la ss B. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
p rogram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: Most of the p rogram s are established
production runs, typically run on a regu larly recu rrin g b a sis: there is little or no testing




COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p rogram s required; alternate p rogram s are provided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rro r situ a ­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed corrective step s, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under d irect supervision a computer running p rogram s or segm ents of program s
with the ch a ra c te ristic s described for c la ss A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult task s assig n ed , and perform ing difficult task s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p rogram s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ram s. Usually has received some form al training in computer operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex p rog ram s.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statem ents of bu sin ess p roblem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which a re required to solve the problem s by automatic data
p ro cessin g equipment. Working from charts or d iag ram s, the p rogram er develops the p recise in­
structions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation

28
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS---Continued
of data to achieve d esired r e s u lts. Work involves m o st of the following: A pplies knowledge of
com puter c a p a b ilities, m ath em atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze ch arts and d iag ram s of the problem to be program ed; develops sequence
of p ro gram step s; w rites detailed flow charts to show o rd er in which data will be p ro cessed ;
converts these ch arts to coded instructions fo r m achine to follow; te sts and co rre c ts p rog ram s;
p re p a re s instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and a lte rs
p ro g ram s to in c re a se operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains record s of
p ro gram development and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an alysis and p ro ­
gram ing should be c la ssifie d a s sy stem s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim a rily resp on sible for the m anagem ent or supervision of
other electron ic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or p ro g ra m ers p rim arily concerned with scientific
an d /o r engineering p ro blem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, p ro g ra m ers a re c la ssifie d a s follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on qom plex problem s which
require com petence in all phases of program ing concepts and p ra c tic e s. Working from d ia­
gram s and ch arts which identify the nature of d esired r e su lts, m ajor p ro cessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relation sh ips between v ariou s step s of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.
At th is level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce se v e ral in terrelated but d iv erse products from numerous and d iv erse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro c essin g actions m ust occur. This requ ires
such actions a s development of common operations which can be reu sed, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustm ents to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter sto rage capacity, and substantial m anipulation and resequencing of data elem ents
to form a highly integrated program .
May provide functional direction to lower level p ro g ram ers who a re a ssign ed to a s s is t .
C la ss B . Works independently o r under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ra m s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ra m s. P rog ram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss inform ation to' produce data in two or three varied sequences or fo rm ats. R eports
and listin g s a re produced by refining, adapting, arrayin g, or m aking m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which a re read ily av ailable. While num erous reco rd s m ay be
p ro c e sse d , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be te ste d by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p ro g ram s (as d escribed for c la ss A) under close direction of a higher
level p ro g ram er or su p e rv iso r. May a s s i s t higher level p rogram er by independently p e r ­
form ing le s s difficult ta sk s assig n ed , and perform ing m ore difficult ta sk s under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m e rs.
C la ss C . M akes p rac tic a l applications of program ing p ractice s and concepts usually
learn ed in form al training c o u rse s. A ssignm ents a re designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine p ro blem s. R eceives close supervision on new
a sp e c ts of assign m en ts; and work is reviewed to verify its accu racy and conformance with
required pro ced u res.
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
A nalyzes bu sin ess problem s to form ulate proced ures for solving them by^ise of electronic
data p ro cessin g equipment. Develops a com plete description of all specification s needed to enable
p ro g ram ers to p rep are required digital com puter p ro g ra m s. Work involves m ost of the following:
A nalyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and c r ite r ia required
to achieve satisfa c to ry re su lts; sp ecifies number and types of reco rd s, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to m anagem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in tr ia l runs of
new and rev ised sy stem s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an aly sis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified a s sy stem s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim a rily respon sible for the m anagem ent or supervision
of other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or system s analysts p rim a rily concerned with
scien tific or engineering problem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, sy stem s analysts are c la ssifie d a s follow s:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s in­
volving all ph ases of sy stem s a n a ly sis. P roblem s a re com plex because of d iv erse so u rces of
input data and m ultip le-u se requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost a n a ly sis, and sa le s an aly sis record in which




COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued
every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the full system of record s and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with p erson s concerned to
determ ine the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad v ise s su bject-m atter personnel on the im p lica­
tions of new or rev ised sy stem s of data p ro cessin g operations. M akes recom m endations, if
needed, for approval of m ajo r sy stem s in stallations o r changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level sy stem s an aly sts who are assign ed to
a s s is t .
C la ss B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogram , and operate. P rob lem s a re of lim ited
com plexity because so u rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F or exam ple, develops sy stem s for m aintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or m aintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) Confers with p erson s concerned to determ ine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad v ise s subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p ro cessin g sy stem s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p ro cessin g schem e or system , as d escribed for
c la ss A. Works independently on routine assign m en ts and rece iv e s instruction and guidance
on com plex assign m en ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgm ent, com pliance with
in struction s, and to in su re proper alinem ent with the o v e ra ll system .
C la ss C . Works under im m ediate supervision , carryin g out an aly ses as assign ed , usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of procedures and sk ills required for sy stem s a n aly sis work. F or exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level sy stem s analyst by preparing the detailed specification s required
by p ro g ra m ers from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C la s s A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
featu res that differ significantly from establish ed drafting p reced en ts. Works in clo se sup­
port with the design originator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationsh ips of com ­
ponents and p a r ts. Works with a minim um of su p ervisory a ssista n c e . Com pleted work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, or d ire ct their preparation by lower level draftsm en.
C la s s B . P erfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assign m en ts that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working drawings of su b a sse m b lie s with irre g u la r shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re c ise positional relation sh ips between components; p rep ares a rch i­
tectu ral drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sectio n s, floor plan s, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssa ry
computations to determ ine quantities of m a te ria ls to be used, load ca p acitie s, stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives in itial in struction s, requ irem ents, and advice from su p erv iso r.
Com pleted work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or p arts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or re p a ir p u rp oses. Types of drawings p rep ared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. Consolidates d etails from a number of sou rces
and adju sts or tran sp o se s scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
preceden ts, and advice on source m a te ria ls a re given with in itial assign m en ts. Instructions
are le s s com plete when assign m en ts recu r. Work m ay be spot-checked during p r o g re ss.
DRAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings p rep ared by others by placing tracin g cloth or paper over
drawings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim arily
con sisting of straigh t lin es and a large scale not requiring clo se delineation.)
AND/OR
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive drawings of e a sily v isu alized item s. Work is closely supervised
during p r o g re s s.
ELECTRON ICS TECHNICIAN
Works on variou s types of electron ic equipment and related devices by perform ing one
or a combination of the following: Installing, m aintaining, rep airin g , overhauling, troubleshooting,
m odifying, constructing, and testin g. Work req u ires p ractica l application of technical knowledge
of electron ics p rin cip le s, ability to determ ine m alfunctions, and sk ill to put equipment in required
operating condition.

29
ELECTRON ICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

The equipment— consisting of either m any different kinds of circu its or m ultiple repetition
of the sam e kind of circuit— includes, but is not lim ited to, the following: (a) E lectronic tr a n s ­
m itting and receiving equipment (e.g ., rad a r, radio, telev isio n , telephone, sonar, navigational
a id s), (b) digital and analog com puters, and (c) industrial and m ed ical m easuring and controlling
equipment.
This c la ssific a tio n excludes repairm en of such standard electronic equipment as common
office m achines and household radio and television se ts; production a sse m b le r s and t e ste r s; w ork­
e r s whose p rim ary duty is servicin g electronic te st instrum ents; technicians who have adm in is­
trative or su p erv iso ry responsibility; and d raftsm en , d esig n e rs, and p ro fessio n al engineers.
Positions a re c la ssifie d into lev els on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually com plex problem s
(i.e ., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to m an ufacturers' m anuals or
sim ilar documents) in working on electronic equipment. E xam ples of such problem s include
location and density of circu itry , electro-m agnetic radiation, isolating m alfunctions, and
frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of the in terrelation ­
ships of circu its; exercisin g independent judgment in perform ing such task s a s making circuit
an aly se s, calculating wave fo rm s, tracin g relation sh ips in signal flow; and regu larly using
com plex test instrum ents (e.g ., dual trac e o sc illo sc o p e s, Q -m eters, deviation m e te rs, pulse
gen erato rs).
Work m ay be reviewed by su p erv iso r (frequently an engineer or d esigner) for general
com pliance with accepted p rac tic e s. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.
C la ss B . A pplies com prehensive technical knowledge to solve com plex problem s (i.e .,
those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting m an ufacturers' m anuals or
sim ilar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A fam iliarity with
the in terrelation sh ips of circu its; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testing instrum ents, usually le s s com plex than those used by the c la ss A technician.

R eceives technical guidance, a s required, from su p ervisor or higher level technician,
and work is reviewed for sp ecific com pliance with accepted p ractice s and work assign m en ts.
May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.
C la ss C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform sim ple or routine task s in
working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all
p roced ures. Work typically involves such task s a s: A ssistin g higher level technicians by
perform ing such a ctivities as replacing components, wiring circ u its, and taking test readings;
repairing sim ple electronic equipment; and using tools and common te st instrum ents (e.g .,
m u ltim eters, audio signal gen erators, tube te st e r s , o sc illo sc o p e s). Is not required to be
fa m ilia r with the in terrelation sh ips of circu its. This knowledge, however, m ay be acquired
through assign m en ts designed to in crease competence (including cla ssro o m training) so that
worker can advance to higher level technician.
R eceives technical guidance, as required, from su p ervisor or higher level technician.
Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignm ents
a re involved.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)
A reg iste re d nurse who gives nursing serv ice under general m ed ical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other p erson s who become ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving fir st aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d re ssin g of em ployees' in ju ries; keeping record s
of patients treated ; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other p urp oses; a s s xsting in
physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing-out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other a ctivities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing su p e rv iso rs
or head n u rses in establishm ents employing m ore than one nurse are excluded.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties n ec e ssa ry to construct and m aintain in good rep air build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, c rib s, counters, benches, p artition s, doors, flo o rs,
s t a ir s , c a sin g s, and trim m ade of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or verbal instruction s; using a
variety of c arp e n te r's handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents; m ak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m a te ria ls n e c e ssa ry
for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ir e s station ary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, g as, or oil burner; and
checks w ater and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN , MAINTENANCE
P erfo rm s a variety of e le ctric a l trade functions such a s the installation, m aintenance, or
rep a ir of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of ele ctric energy in an e sta b ­
lishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Installing or rep airin g any of a variety of e le c ­
tr ic a l equipment such a s ge n e rato rs, tra n sfo rm e rs, sw itchboards, con trollers, circuit b r e a k e r s ,
m otors, heating units, conduit sy ste m s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from blue­
p rin ts, draw ings, layouts, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrica l
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or
e le ctrica l equipment; and using a variety of e le ctric ia n 's handtools and m easurin g and testing
instrum ents. In gen eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and m ay also sup erv ise the operation of station ary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrige ratio n , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining equipment
such a s steam engines, a ir c o m p re sso rs, ge n e rato rs, m o to rs, turbin es, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam bo ilers and boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipment r e p a irs: and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem p erature, and fuel consumption. May a lso su ­
p e rv ise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer a re excluded.




H E LPER , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the skilled m aintenance trad e s, by perform ing specific
or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m ate rials and tools;
cleaning working a re a , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m ate rials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled task s as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to perform v a rie s from trade to trade: In some trad e s the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m ate rials and to o ls, and cleaning working a re a s; and in others
he is p erm itted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or p arts of a trade that a re also
perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b a sis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S p e cialize s in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig b o re rs,
cylindrical or su rface grin d e rs, engine lath es, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fix tu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; p ro cessin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds,
sp eed s, tooling, and operation sequence; and m aking n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents during operation
to achieve requ isite to le ran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
d re ssin g , to d re ss too ls, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For
cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o ses, m achine-tool o p e ra to rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded from this classificatio n .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent p arts and new p arts in making re p a irs of m etal p arts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m ach in ist's

30
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

handtools and p recisio n m easuring in strum ents; setting up and operating standard m achine tools;
shaping of m etal p arts to clo se to le ran c es; m aking standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working p roperties of
the common m etals; selecting standard m a te r ia ls , p a r ts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem blin g p arts into m ech an ical equipment. In general, the m ach in ist's work
norm ally req u ires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.

Paints and red e co rate s w alls, woodwork, and fix tu res of an establishm ent. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of su rface p e cu liaritie s and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing su rface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail
holes and in te rstic e s; and applying paint with sp ray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work of the
m aintenance painter req u ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
R epairs autom obiles, bu ses, m o to rtruck s, and tr a c to rs of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the following: Exam ining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is ­
assem blin g equipment and perform ing r e p a irs that involve the use of such handtools a s w renches,
g ag e s, d rills, or sp ecialized equipment in d isasse m b lin g or fitting p arts; replacing broken or
defective p arts from stock; grinding and adjusting v alv es; reassem b lin g and in stallin g the variou s
a sse m b lie s in the vehicle and m aking n e c e ssa ry adjustm en ts; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In gen eral, the work of the automotive m echanic req u ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This c la ssific a tio n does not include m echanics who rep a ir cu sto m ers' veh icles in auto­
m obile rep air shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R e p airs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the following: Exam ining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dism antling or p artly dism antling m achines and perform ing re p a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scrap in g and fitting p arts; replacing broken o r defective p arts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent p art by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a m achine shop for m ajo r r e p a irs; preparing written sp ecification s for m ajor rep a irs
or for the production of p arts ordered from machine shop; reassem b lin g m achines; and making
all n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents fo r operation. In general, the work of a maintenance m echanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship o r equivalent
training and experien ce. Excluded fro m this c la ssific a tio n a re w orkers whose p rim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment, and d ism antles and in sta lls m achines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; m aking standard shop computations relating to s t r e s s e s , strength of
m a te r ia ls, and cen ters of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools,
equipment, and p arts to be used; and in stallin g and m aintaining in good order power tran sm issio n
equipment such as d riv es and speed red u c e rs. In general, the m illw right's work norm ally req u ires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

In stalls or re p a irs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Laying out of work and m easuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written sp ecification s; cutting variou s siz e s of pipe to
co rrect lengths with ch isel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem blin g
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet sp ecification s. In general, the work of the m aintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. W orkers p rim arily engaged in in stallin g and rep airin g building sanitation
or heating sy ste m s a re excluded.
SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b r ic a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good rep air the sh eet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such a s machine g u ards, g re a se pan s, sh elves, lo c k e rs, tan ks, v en tilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specification s; setting
up and operating a ll available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem blin g; and installin g sh eet-m etal a rtic le s
as requ ired. In general, the work of the m aintenance sh eet-m etal worker requ ires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and r e p a irs m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other o ral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die m ak e r's handtools and p recisio n m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p roperties of common m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of
m achine tools and related equipment; making n e c e ssa ry shop computations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feed s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal p arts during fabrication
as well a s of finished tools and d ies to achieve required q u alities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem blin g of p arts to p rescrib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m a te r ia ls, to o ls, and p r o c e s s e s . In general, the tool and die m a k e r's work requ ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
F o r cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o se s, tool and die m ak e rs in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND WATCHMEN
Guard. P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, m aintaining ord er,
using a rm s or force where n ec e ssa ry . Includes gatem en who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other p erso n s entering.
Watchman. M akes rounds of p re m ise s p erio d ically in protecting p roperty again st fir e ,
theft, and illeg al entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working a re a s and w ash room s, or
p re m ise s of an office, apartm ent house, or com m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; rem oving
chips, tra sh , and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fix tu res; polishing m etal fix ­
tu res or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance se rv ic e s; and cleaning la v ato rie s,
show ers, and re stro o m s. W orkers who sp ecialize in window washing a re excluded.




LABO RER, MATERIAL HANDLING
A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, sto re , or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m ate rials and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru ck s, or other tran sportin g d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m a te ria ls or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m ate rials or
m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or wheelbarrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tra n sfe r o rd e rs for finished goods from stored m erchandise in acco rd ­
ance with specification s on s a le s s lip s, cu sto m ers' o r d e r s, or other in struction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep reco rd s of outgoing o r d e r s, requ i­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and p erform other related duties.

31
PACKER, SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
ta in e rs, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, siz e , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of variou s item s of stock in o rder to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container; inserting en clo sures in container; using e x c e lsio r or other m ate rial to
prevent breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who a lso m ake wooden boxes or crate s are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or receiv es and is respon sible for incoming ship­
m ents of m erchandise or other m ate rials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping p ro ­
cedu res, p rac tic e s, routes, available m eans of tran sportation, and rate s; and preparing record s
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arg e s, and keeping
a file of shipping rec o rd s. May direct or a s s i s t in preparing the m erchandise for shipment.
Receiving work in volves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the c o rrectn ess of shipments
again st bills of lading, in voices, or other rec o rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erchandise or m ate rials to proper departm ents; and maintaining n ece ssa ry
record s and file s.

TRUCKDRIVER— Continued
follow s:

F or wage study p urp oses, tru ck d riv ers are cla ssifie d by size and type of equipment, as
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tr a ile r capacity.)
T ruckdriver
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,

(combination of siz e s listed separately)
light (under IV2 tons)
medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tr a ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tracto r to tran sport
goods and m ate rials of all kinds about a warehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F or wage study p u rp o ses, w orkers are c la ssifie d by type of truck, as follow s:
T ruck er, power (forklift)
T ruck er, power (other than forklift)

F or wage study p u rp o ses, w orkers are c la ssifie d a s follow s:

WAREHOUSEMAN

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

As directed, p erform s a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding
of the establish m en t's storage plan. Work involves m ost of the following: Verifying m ate rials
(or m erchandise) again st receiving docum ents, noting and reporting d iscrep an cies and obvious
dam ages; routing m a te ria ls to p rescrib e d storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
m ate rials in accordance with p rescrib e d storage m ethods; rearran ging and taking inventory of
stored m ate rials; examining stored m ate rials and reporting deterioration and dam age: removing
m ate rial from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in
perform ing warehousing duties.

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in dustrial a re a to tran sp o rt m a te ria ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, wholesale and retail establish m en ts, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m ers' houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May a lso load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
m ake m inor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working o rd er. D riv er-salesm en and
over-th e-road d riv e rs are excluded.




Exclude w orkers whose p rim ary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see shipping
and receiving clerk and pack er, shipping), order filling (see order fille r), or operating power
trucks (see tru ck er, power).

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t
The fo ll o w ing a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y fo r u se in a d m in i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o ntrac t A c t of 1965.
w i l l be a v a i l a b l e at no cost w hile sup plies la s t f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l o ff ic es shown on the ba c k c o v e r .
A l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N . M e x .
Alaska
A lb a n y , Ga.
A m a r illo , Tex.
Atlantic City, N .J .
A u g u st a , G a .— C.
S.
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a li f.
Baton R o u ge , L a .
B il o x i , G u lf p o rt , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t am fo r d , Conn.
C e d a r R a p i d s , Iowa
Ch am pa ig n—U r b a n a , 111.
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C l a r k s v i l l e , Ten n., and H o p k i n s v i l l e , Ky.
C o lo r a d o S p r i n g s , Colo.
C o lu m b i a , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a —A l a .
Corpus C h risti, Tex.
Crane,

Ind.

Dothan, A l a .
Duluth—S u p e r i o r , M i n n —W i s .
E l Paso, Tex.
E ug en e—S p r i n g f i e ld , O r e g .
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N . D a k —Minn.
M
F a y e t te v i lle , N. C.
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s t o w n , M d . —P a .—W . V a .
F r e s n o , Ca li f.
G r a n d F o r k s , N . Dak.
G r a n d Islan d— a s t i n g s , N e b r .
H
G r e e n b o r o —Winst on S a l e m — ig h P oint, N . C .
H
H a r r is b u r g , Pa.
K n o x v i l l e , T en n.
R e p o r t s fo r the fo ll o w ing

surveys

r e l e a s e s a r e or

L a re do , Tex.
L a s V e g a s, Nev.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d —V a .
M a c o n , Ga.
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste.
M a r i e , Mich.
M e l b o u r n e —T i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F l a .
( B r e v a r d Co.)
M eridian, M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , Monm ou th , Oce an , and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N. J .
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F l a .
Montgomery, A la.
N a s h v i l l e , Tenn.
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
N o r w i c h —Groton—N e w Lond on, Conn.
O gd en , Utah
O r la n d o , F l a .
O x n a r d —Sim i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C a li f.
P a n a m a City, F l a .
P o r t s m o u t h , N . H —M a i n e — a s s .
M
P u e b lo , Co lo .
Re no , N e v .
S a c r a m e n t o , C a li f.
Santa B a r b a r a —Santa M a r i a —L o m p o c , C a li f.
S h e rm a n —D e n is o n , T e x .
Shreveport, La.
S p r i n g f i e ld —Ch ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s — Conn.
H
To p e k a , Kan s.
Tucson, A r i z .
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d —N a p a , C a li f.
W ilm in g t o n , D e l —N . J ^ - M d .
Yuma, A riz .

conducted in the p r i o r y e a r but since di scont inued a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e :

A lp e n a , Standish, and T a w a s City, M ich .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A u s t in , T e x . *
F o r t Smith, A r k . —
Okla.
G r e a t F a l l s , Mont.
*

C o pies of pu blic

E xp an de d to an a r e a w a g e

s u r v e y in f i s c a l y e a r

1973.

Le xin gto n, K y . *
P i n e B lu ff, A r k .
Stockton, C a li f.
T acom a, W ash.
Wich ita F a l l s , T e x .
See inside ba c k c o v e r .

The twelfth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r accountants, a u d i t o r s , ch ief accountants, at t o rn e y s, job a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , ch e m i s ts ,
e n g i n e e r s , e n gin e er in g t echn ic ians , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s . O r d e r as B L S B ulletin 1742, N a tio n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e ,
T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a copy , f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o ff ic es shown on the b a c k c o v e r , or f r o m the
Superintendent of D o cu m e nts, U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O ff i c e , Wash in gto n, D . C . , 20402.




♦•U 1 O VC N INT M
.
O RM
lVTINO O
PFIC l!
I:

129/ U

A re a W ag e Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s i n c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s tu d ie s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the E m p l o y m e n t S ta n d a r d s A d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f the B L S
r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on the b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 .

A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 7 2 ____________________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1 9 7 3 1 ------------S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 3 ________________________
A lle n to w n — e t h le h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1972 1 —
B
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 3 ____________________________________
A u s t i n , T e x . , D e c . 1 9 7 2 1--------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 2 1______________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u i ^ O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 3 1 -----P
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 _____________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 3 1___________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , N o v . 1 9 7 2 1____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 2 1_______________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1 9 7 2 1_________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , D e c . 1 9 7 2 1______________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 7 3 ____________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 3 ___________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , J a n . 1 9 7 3 -----------------------------------------C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 2 1-------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., J u n e 1 9 7 2 ----------------------------------------------C i n c i n n a t i , O h io — y . —I n d . , F e b . 1 9 7 3 -------------------------K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 19 7 2 1--------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 7 2 1______________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 2 1--------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s la n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111., F e b . 1 9 7 3 ---D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 7 2 ___________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 2 --------------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a y 1 9 7 3 _____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 2 _________________________________
D u r h a m , N . C . , A p r . 1 9 7 3 __________________________________
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e — o ll y w o o d a n d W e s t P a l m
H
B e a c h , F l a . , A p r . 1 9 7 3 ___________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 2 1-------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 19 7 2 1--------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 2 _______________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 3 ---------------------------- ---------------H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 3 ----------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , O c t . 19 7 2 1-------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1 9 7 3 -------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 2 -------------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 7 2 ---------------------------L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 19 7 2 1-----------L e x i n g t o n , K y . , N o v . 19 7 2 1----------------------------------------L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 1--------N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 19 7 2 1-----------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , N o v . 1 9 7 2 ----------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 3 ------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 19 7 2 1------------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . , N o v . 1 9 7 2 ________________________
M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1 9 7 2 1__________________________________
M i d l a n d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1 9 7 3 -------------------------Data
 on establishment


B u lletin number
and p r i c e
1775-36,
1775-62,
1775-52,
1725-87,
1775-79,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1775-82,
1775-5,
1775-65,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1775-73,
1775-74,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1775-53,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1775-57,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1775-72,
1725-68,
1775-61,

40
55
40
35
40
40
75
40
45
55
50
75
65
50
40
40
40
55
70
50
75
55
75
40
40
40
40
40
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-64,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1775-71,
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

40
50
55
30
50
40
55
40
40
50
35
50
55

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-38,
1775-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75
40
40
55
40
55
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

practices and supplementary wa ge provisions are also presented.

B u lletin n u m be r

Area
____
M i lw a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1972 * __________ __ ______
M inn ea polis —St. P a u l , Min n ., Jan. 197 3---------------------- —
M u s k e go n — u s k e g o n H ei gh ts , M i c h ., June 1972 1 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y City, N . J . , Jan. 1973_______________ _
N e w H av en , Conn ., Jan. 1973________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1973_________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 19721
_________________________________
N o r f o l k — i r g i n i a B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h and
V
P
N e w p o r t N e w s —Hampton, V a . , Jan. 1973 1_______________
O k la h o m a City, O k l a . , July 1972____________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —Iowa, Sept. 1972
____ ___ ____________
P a t e r son—Clifton— a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1972 1 -----------------P
P h i la d e lp h i a , P a . —N .J ., No v. 1972..
„ ----------- --------P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1972 1__________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1973 * .. __ __ _____ ____________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , No v. 1972
___
___________________ .
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1972 1 _______________ ______
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K i n g st o rr - N e w b u r g h , N . Y . ,
June 1972 1 ___ ______________
_ ___ _____ _
_
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k — aw t u ck et , R.I.—M a s s . ,
P
M a y 197 2_________________ ______ _______________________ ______
R a le i g h , N . C . , Aug . 1972_____________________________________
Richmond, V a . , M a r . 1973___________________________________
Riverside—
San B e r n a rd in c r - O n t a r i o , C a li f.,
De c. 1
1972 * __________ ______________________ _______ _______ __ _
R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . (o ffi ce occupa tions only ), July 1972___
R o ck for d, 111., June 1973_____________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1973 1_____________________________
Salt La k e City, Utah, N o v. 1972 1___________________________
San Anton io, T e x . , M a y 1973_______
________________ ___
San D i e g o , C a li f ., No v. 1972__________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d , C a l i f . , M a r . 1973_______________
O
San J o se , C a l i f . , M a r . 1973____ _ _
_
________________
Savannah, G a ., M a y 1973______
_
_
_
__
________
Scranton , P a . , July 1972----— ___ _________ ___ _____
Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1973____
_____
_ __
Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k ., De c. 1972 1 ____________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1973______
__ ___ _ _
____
Spokane, W a s h . , June 1972 1-----------------------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1972
_______________
_____________
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1972___________________
T o le do , O h i o - M i c h . , A p r . 1973______________________________
Tr en to n , N . J . , Sept. 1972 1____________________________________
U tica—R o m e , N . Y . , July 1972_________________________________
W ash in gt on, D . C .—Md .—V a . , M a r . 1973____________________
W a t e r b u r y , Co nn ., M a r . 1973_________________________________
___________ __ ____
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, No v. 1972. _____
W ich ita, K a n s . , A p r . 1973____ _____ ___________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1973_________________________________
Y o r k . P a . . Fe b. 1973_______________
- ____________________
Youn gs tow n— a r r e n , Ohio, No v. 1972_____________________
W

and p r i c e

1725-83,
1775-49,
1725-85,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-90,

45
55
35
55
40
40
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1775-67,
1775-21,
1725-89,

50
45
40
40
55
55
75
40
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1775-7,
1775-68,

30 cents
45 cents
40 cents

1775-60,
1775-4,
1775-80,
1775-69,
1775-33,
1775-78,
1775-40,
1775-81,
1775-66,
1775-77,
1775-10,
1775-56,
1775-43,
1775-54,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1775-63,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1775-75,
1775-58,
1775-26,
1775-70,
1775-76,
1775-59,
1775-19,

65
45
35
75
50
35
40
40
40
40
45
40
40
40
35
45
45
40
55
45
50
40
40
40
40
40
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

L A B -44 1

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

THIRD CLASS MAIL

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

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