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1- 2 , 3 ;
J S 7 S - 73
m-

Dayton & M o n tg o m ery
P u b lic Library

OCT 1 4 196B
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

The Beaumont—Port Arthur—Orange, Texas,
Metropolitan Area
May 1968
Beaumont

^ 0 range

Port A r t h u r
JE F F E R S O N

Bulletin No. 1575-75




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR ST A T I ST I CS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

Region I
John F. Kennedy Federal Building
Government Center, Room 1603-B
Boston, Mass. 02203
T e l.: 223-6762

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
T e l.: 971-5405

Region III
Box 1784
W illiam Penn Annex
Philadelphia, Pa. 19105

Region IV
1371 Peachtree S t ., NE.
A tlanta, Ga. 30309
T e l.: 526-5418

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
T e l.: 353-7230

Region VI
Federal Office Building
Third Floor
911 Walnut St.
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
T e l.: 374-2481

Region VII
Mayflower Building
Room 337
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
T e l.: 749-3616

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
T e l.: 556-4678




Area Wage Survey
The Beaumont—Port Arthur—Orange, Texas,
Metropolitan Area




May 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-75
August 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ben Burdetsky, Acting Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of an n u al
o c c u p a tio n a l w age s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sig n e d to p ro v id e d a ta on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lish m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d a ta b y s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv isio n fo r e a c h
of the a r e a s stu d ie d , fo r g e o g ra p h ic r e g io n s , and fo r the
U nited S t a t e s . A m a jo r c o n sid e ra tio n in the p r o g r a m is
the n eed fo r g r e a t e r in sig h t into (1) the m ovem en t of w a g e s
by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l of w a g e s am on g a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .

In tro d u ctio n ______________________________________________________________
W age tr e n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s _________________ ________

A t the end of e a c h su rv e y , an in d iv id u al a r e a b u l­
le tin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ied . A fte r
c o m p le tio n of a l l of the in d iv id u al a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a
roun d of s u r v e y s , a tw o - p a r t su m m a ry b u lletin i s is s u e d .
The f i r s t p a r t b r in g s d a ta fo r e a c h of the m e tro p o lita n
a r e a s stu d ie d into one b u lle tin . The se co n d p a r t p r e s e n t s
in fo r m a tio n w hich h a s b een p r o je c te d fro m in d iv id u a l
m e tr o p o lita n a r e a d a ta to r e la t e to g e o g ra p h ic r e g io n s and
the U n ited S t a t e s .

A. O c c u p a tio n ?1 e a r n i n g s :*
A - 1. O ffice o c c u p a tio n s—m en and w om en ______________________
A 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—m en and
w om en ____________________________________________________
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m en and w om en c o m b in e d _______________________________
A - 4. M ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s_________________
A -5 . C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v em en t o c c u p a t io n s _______

T a b le s :
1. E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of s u r v e y and
num b e r s tudi e d__________________________________________________
2. In d e x e s of sta n d a rd w e ek ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r se le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n ts of i n c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s _____________________

B.
E ig h t y - s ix a r e a s c u rre n tly a r e in clu ded in the
p r o g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , in fo rm a tio n on o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n ­
in g s i s c o lle c t e d an n u ally and on e sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s
and su p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s b ien n ia lly .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u lt s of the su r v e y in
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A rth u r—O ra n g e , T e x ., in M ay 1968. The
S ta n d a r d M e tro p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d efin ed by the
B u r e a u of the B u d g e t th ro u gh A p ril 1967, c o n s is ts of J e f ­
f e r s o n and O ran ge C o u n tie s. T h is stu dy w a s cond ucted by
the s t a ff of the B u r e a u 's A tlan ta R e g io n a l O ffic e, u nder
the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of D on ald M . C r u s e , A s s is t a n t R e ­
gio n al D ir e c to r fo r O p e r a tio n s .




1
4

E s ta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v i s i o n s :*
B - l . M in im um e n tra n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s __________________________________________________
B - 2 . Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ___________________
B - 3 . S ch ed u led w e ek ly h o u r s ___________________________________
B - 4 . P a id h o lid a y s______________________________________________
B - 5. P a id v a c a t i o n s _________________________________________ ____.
B -6 . H ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s ____________________
B - 7 . P r e m iu m p ay fo r o v e rtim e w o r k _________________________

A ppen dix.

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________

areas.

iii

* N O T E : S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(S ee in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)

3
4
6
8
9
10
11

12
13
14
15
16
18
19
21




Area Wage Survey---The Beaumont—Port Arthur—Orange, Tex., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w hich the U .S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s co n d u cts su r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la t e d b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , d a ta w e re
o b tain e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u re a u fie ld e c o n o m ists to r e p r e ­
se n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u ­
fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s ;
w h o le sa le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a te ; and
se rv ic e s.
M a jo r in d u s tr y g ro u p s ex c lu d ed fro m th e se stu d ie s a r e
g o v ern m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the c o n stru c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h av in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n um b er o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m itte d b e c a u s e they ten d to fu r n ish in su ffic ie n t em p lo y m en t in the
o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e
p ro v id e d fo r e a c h o f the b ro a d in d u stry d iv isio n s w hich m e e t p u b ­
lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

a llo w a n c e s and in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W here w e ek ly h o u rs
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the
s ta n d a r d w o rk w eek (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu siv e of p ay
fo r o v e rtim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e ek ly e a r n ­
in g s fo r th e se o c c u p a tio n s h ave b ee n ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
The a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e f le c t c o m p o site , a re a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s.
I n d u s t r ie s and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d iffe r in p a y le v e l and jo b
sta ffin g and, th u s, c o n trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s t im a t e s fo r e a c h jo b .
The p a y r e la tio n s h ip o b ta in a b le fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age s p r e a d or d iffe r e n t ia l m a in ta in e d am on g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
S i m i la r l y , d if f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y
le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in an y of the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s sh ou ld
not be a s s u m e d to r e f le c t d if f e r e n c e s in p a y tre a tm e n t of the s e x e s
w ithin in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . O ther p o s s ib le f a c t o r s w hich m a y
co n trib u te to d if f e r e n c e s in p a y fo r m en and w om en in c lu d e : D if f e r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s t a b lis h e d r a t e r a n g e s , sin c e only the
a c tu a l r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c te d ; and d if f e r e n c e s in s p e c if ic
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , alth ou gh the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r ia te ly
w ithin the s a m e su r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n . Jo b d e s c r ip t io n s u se d in
c l a s s if y i n g e m p lo y e e s in th e se s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o re g e n e r a liz e d
th an th o se u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and allo w fo r m in o r
d if f e r e n c e s am o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e conducted on a sa m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv ed in su rv e y in g a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
o b tain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p ro p o rtio n of
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is stu d ied . In co m b in in g the d a ta ,
h o w e v e r, a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e given th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eigh t.
E s­
t im a te s b a s e d on the e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the in d u stry gro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o se below the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .
O cc u p a tio n s an d E a r n in g s

O cc u p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in
a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ithin the sc o p e of the stu d y and not the n u m ber
a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e
am o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t o b ­
ta in e d fr o m the s a m p le of e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e only to in d ic ate
the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e of the jo b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in
o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia l l y the a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n in g s d a ta .

The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stu dy a r e co m m on to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g an d n o n m an u fac tu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s: (1) O ffic e c l e r ic a l; (2) p r o f e s s io n a l an d te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in te n a n c e an d p o w e rp la n t; and (4) c u sto d ia l an d m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s if i c a t i o n is b a se d on a u n ifo rm s e t of jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e sig n e d to tak e a cc o u n t o f in te r e s ta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e jo b .
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the app en dix.
The e a r n in g s d a ta follo w in g
the jo b t it l e s a r e f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s co m b in ed . E a r n in g s d a ta fo r so m e
of the o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d an d d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r so m e in d u stry d iv isio n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e
e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough
d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n ta t io n , o r (2) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y of d i s c l o s u r e
of in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .

E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n i s p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on se le c t e d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s a s they
r e la t e to p lan t an d o ffic e w o r k e r s . A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n str u c tio n w o r k e r s who a r e u tiliz e d
a s a s e p a r a t e w o rk f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . " P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu de
w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n an d t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffice fu n c tio n s. " O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e rfo r m in g
c l e r ic a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s. C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s , but in c lu d e d in n o n m an u factu rin g
i n d u s t r ie s .

O c c u p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e show n fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o se h ire d to w ork a r e g u la r w e ek ly sc h e d u le
in the g iv en o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s if i c a t i o n . E a r n in g s d a ta ex c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p ay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s .
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u se s a r e ex c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - liv in g




1

2
M in im um e n tra n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m en o ffic e w o r k e r s (tab le
B - l ) r e la t e only to the e s t a b lis h m e n t s v is it e d . B e c a u s e of the op tim u m
sa m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b ility th at l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o re lik e ly to h ave fo r m a l e n tra n c e r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
ab ove the s u b c le r ic a l le v e l than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the ta b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t iv e of p o lic ie s in m e d iu m and l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
Sh ift d iffe r e n t ia l d a ta (tab le B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to p lan t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s . T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in
t e r m s of (1) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s of to ta l p lan t
w o rk e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (2) e ffe c tiv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in t e r m s of
w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c if ie d sh ift at the tim e of the
su r v e y . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h avin g v a r ie d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the am oun t
ap p ly in g to a m a jo r ity w a s u s e d o r , if no am ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity ,
the c l a s s if i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u se d . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w hich so m e
la t e - s h if t h o u rs a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d
only if it a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity of the sh ift h o u r s .
The sc h e d u le d w e ek ly h o u rs (ta b le B - 3 ) of a m a jo r it y of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lish m e n t a r e ta b u la te d a s ap p ly in g to
a ll of the p lan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of th at e s t a b lis h m e n t . S ch e d u le d
w e ek ly h o u rs a r e th o se w hich f u ll- tim e e m p lo y e e s w e re e x p e c te d to
w o rk , w h eth er th ey w e re p a id fo r at s t r a ig h t - t im e or o v e r tim e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s; p aid v a c a t io n s ; h e alth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s; and p re m iu m p a y fo r o v e rtim e w o rk (ta b le s B - 4 th ro u gh B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s i s that th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll
p lan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity of su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le or
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s l is t e d . S u m s of in d iv id u a l
ite m s in ta b le s B - 2 th ro u gh B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e of
ro u n din g.
D a ta on p a id h o lid a y s (tab le B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to d a ta on h o li­
d a y s g ra n te d an n u ally on a fo r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p ro v id e d fo r
in w r itte n fo r m , o r (2) have b ee n e s t a b lis h e d by c u sto m . H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a r e in c lu d e d ev en though th ey m a y f a l l on a non­
w o rk d a y and the w o rk e r is not g ra n te d an o th er day off. The f i r s t
p a r t of the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b er of w hole and h a lf
h o lid a y s a c tu a lly g ra n te d . The se c o n d p a r t co m b in e s w hole and h a lf
h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o lid a y t im e .

D a ta on h e alth , in s u r a n c e , an d p e n sio n p la n s (tab le B - 6 ) in ­
clu d e th o se p la n s fo r w hich the e m p lo y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t of the
c o st. S u ch p la n s in clu de th o se u n d e rw ritte n b y a c o m m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e
co m p an y and th o se p ro v id e d th ro u gh a u nion fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly by
the e m p lo y e r out of c u rre n t o p e ra tin g fu n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s id e
fo r th is p u r p o s e . An e s ta b lish m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d to h ave a p la n
if the m a jo r ity of e m p lo y e e s w e re e lig ib le to be c o v e r e d u n d er the
p la n , ev en if l e s s than a m a jo r ity e le c t e d to p a r t ic ip a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e re r e q u ir e d to co n trib u te to w a rd the c o s t of the p la n . L e ­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u rity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e i s lim it e d to that type of
in su ra n c e u nder w hich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c tly
to the in s u r e d on a w eek ly or m on th ly b a s i s d u rin g i l l n e s s or a c c id e n t
d is a b ility . In fo rm atio n is p r e s e n te d fo r a l l su c h p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s. H o w ev er, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , w hich
have en a c te d te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r co n trib u tio n s, 2 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) co n ­
t r ib u te s m o re than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w hich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s of the law . T a b u la tio n s
of p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to f o r m a l p la n s 3 w h ich p ro v id e
fu ll p ay or a p ro p o rtio n of the w o r k e r 's p ay d u rin g a b se n c e fr o m w o rk
b e c a u s e of ill n e s s . S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
(1) p la n s w hich p ro v id e fu ll p ay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s
w hich p ro v id e e ith e r p a r t ia l p ay o r a w a itin g p e r io d . In a d d itio n to
the p r e s e n ta tio n of the p ro p o rtio n s of w o r k e r s who a r e p ro v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d
to ta l is shown of w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p e s of b e n e fits .
C a ta str o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a jo r m e d ­
ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o se p la n s w h ich a r e d e sig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e of s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s beyond
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e of. h o sp ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g i c a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in su ra n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p ro v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a r t ia l
p ay m en t of d o c to r s ' f e e s . Such p la n s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ra n c e co m p a n ie s or n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n s or th ey m a y
be p aid fo r by the e m p lo y e r out of a fund s e t a s id e fo r th is p u r p o s e .
T a b u la tio n s of r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n p la n s a r e lim it e d to th o se p la n s
that p ro v id e r e g u la r p ay m en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r of the w o r k e r 's lif e .

The su m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (tab le B -5 ) is lim ite d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s . It is not in ten ded a s a
m e a s u r e of the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c if ic b e n e ­
f it s . P r o v is io n s of an e s ta b lish m e n t fo r a ll len g th s of s e r v i c e w e re
ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to a ll p lan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of the e s t a b l i s h ­
m en t, r e g a r d l e s s of len gth of s e r v i c e .
P r o v is io n s fo r p ay m en t on
oth er than a tim e b a s i s w e re c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a p ay m en t of 2 p e rc e n t of an n u al e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s the e q u iv ­
a len t of 1 w e e k 's p ay . E s t im a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t io n - s a v in g s p la n s and
th o se w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or " s a b b a t ic a l " b e n e fits beyond b a s i c
p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g len g th s of s e r v i c e . T y p ic a l of su ch
e x c lu s io n s a r e p la n s in the s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and can in d u s t r ie s .

D a ta on o v e rtim e p re m iu m p ay (ta b le B - 7 ) , the h o u rs a ft e r
w hich p re m iu m p ay is r e c e iv e d and the c o r r e s p o n d in g r a t e of p a y , a r e
p r e s e n te d by d a ily and w eek ly p r o v is io n s . D a ily o v e r tim e r e f e r s to
w o rk in e x c e s s of a s p e c ifie d n u m b er of h o u rs a d ay r e g a r d l e s s of
the n um b er of h o u rs w o rk ed on o th er d a y s of the p a y p e r io d . W eekly
o v e rtim e r e f e r s to w ork in e x c e s s of a s p e c if ie d n u m b er of h o u rs
p e r w eek r e g a r d l e s s of the day on w h ich it i s p e r f o r m e d , the n u m b er
of h o u rs p e r d ay , or num ber of d a y s w o rk e d .

1
An establishm ent was considered as having a p o licy if
conditions: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2 ) had
late shifts. An establishm ent was considered as having form al provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.

written,




it m et either o f the follow ing
The temporary disability laws in C alifo rn ia and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
form al provisions covering
contributions.
if it (1 ) had operated late
An establishm ent was considered as havin g a form al plan if it established at le a st the
written form for operating
m inim um number o f days of sick leave av ailab le to each em ploy ee.
Such a p lan need not be
but inform al sick leave

allow ances, determ in ed on an in dividu al basis, were exclu d ed.

3

T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e o f S u r v e y an d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , 1
b y M a jo r I n d u s tr y D iv is io n , 2 M a y 1968
N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s

I n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

A ll d i v i s i o n s — ----------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________________ _____
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ___________ ____________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 •
W h o le s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ------------------------------------------- ---F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e - _____
S e r v i c e s 8________________________________________

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f st u d y

W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

T o ta l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

P ercen t

O ffic e
T o t a l4

_

169

77

4 6 ,3 0 0

100

3 3 ,6 0 0

4 ,2 0 0

3 4 ,6 2 0

50

72
97

36
41

3 2 ,6 0 0
1 3 ,7 0 0

70
30

2 5 ,5 0 0
8 , 100

2, 200
2, 000

2 6 ,2 1 0
8 ,4 1 0

21
13
40
7
16

11
6
11
4
9

5 ,5 0 0
1, 100
4 , 700
700
1, 700

12
2
10
2
4

-

50
50
50
50
50

2 , 000
( 6)
( 6)
( 7)
( 6)

800
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)

3 ,8 3 0
610
2, 560
420
990

1 T h e B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 7 , c o n s i s t s of J e f f e r s o n an d O r a n g e C o u n tie s.
The
" w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh ow n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e
not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s
r e q u i r e s th e
u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b li s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n . A l l o u t le ts (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t an d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h i s in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
of d a ta
f o r t h i s d iv i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e en o u gh d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s
not d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n ,
an d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e of in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lish m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d "n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b ut f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a t a f o r th is d iv i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s an d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , an d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t io n s (e x c lu d in g
r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; an d e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A b o u t s e v e n - t e n t h s of th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e B e a u m o n t—P o r t
A r th u r —O ra n g e a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g t a b le p r e s e n t s
th e m a jo r in d u s tr y g r o u p s an d s p e c i f i c in d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g :
I n d u s tr y g r o u p s
P e t r o le u m an d c o a l
p r o d u c t s _______________________
C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll ie d
p r o d u c t s _______________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n e q u ip m e n t ----F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s -----

S p e c if i c i n d u s t r i e s
42
25
13
6

P e t r o le u m r e f i n i n g ____________
I n d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a l s ___________
S h ip an d b o a t b u ild in g an d
r e p a i r i n g ______________________
P l a s t i c m a t e r i a l s an d
s y n t h e t i c s _____________________
F a b r ic a te d st r u c t u r a l m e ta l
p r o d u c t s -------------------------------

42
14
13
9
5

T h is in f o r m a tio n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s of t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s m a y
d if f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s of th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of o ffic e c l e r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d p lan t w o rk e r g r o u p s . T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g iv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e rc e n t of
w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d (d a te o f the a r e a su r v e y co n d u cted
betw een J u ly I9 6 0 and Ju n e 1961).
S u b tra c tin g 100 fr o m the in d ex
y ie ld s the p e r c e n ta g e ch an ge in w a g e s fr o m the b a s e p e r io d to the
d ate o f the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an ge o r i n c r e a s e r e la t e to
w age c h a n g e s b etw een th e in d ic a te d d a t e s .
T h e s e e s t im a t e s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f ch an ge in a v e r a g e s fo r the a r e a ; they a r e not in ten ded
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p ay c h a n g e s in the e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the a r e a .
M ethod o f C om puting

in the o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p . T h e s e c o n sta n t w e ig h ts r e f le c t b a s e y e a r
e m p lo y m en ts w h e re v e r p o s s ib le .
T h e a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
each o c cu p atio n w e re m u ltip lie d by the o c c u p a tio n a l w eigh t, and the
p ro d u c ts fo r a ll o c cu p a tio n s in the g ro u p w e r e to ta le d . Th e a g g r e g a t e s
fo r 2 c o n se c u tiv e y e a r s w e re r e la t e d by d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e fo r
the l a t e r y e a r by the a g g r e g a t e fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e su lta n t
r e la t iv e , l e s s 100 p e rc e n t, sh ow s the p e r c e n ta g e ch an g e . The in d ex
i s the p ro d u ct of m u ltip ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100) by the r e la t iv e
fo r the next su c c e e d in g y e a r and co n tin u in g to m u ltip ly (com pound)
each y e a r 's r e la t iv e by the p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n in g s
fo r the follow ing o c cu p a tio n s w e re u s e d in co m p u tin g the w a g e tr e n d s :

E a c h o f the s e le c t e d k ey o c c u p a tio n s w ithin an o c c u p a tio n a l
gro u p w a s a s s ig n e d a w eig h t b a s e d on i t s p ro p o rtio n a te em p lo y m en t
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and women):
B ookkeeping-m achine operators,
class B
C lerks, accounting, classes
A and B
C lerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
C lerks, order
C lerks, payroll
C om ptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

T able 2.

O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T abu latin g-m ach in e operators,
class B
T ypists, classes A and B

S k ille d m ain ten ance (m en):
Carpenters
E lectrician s
M achinists
M echanics
M echanics (au tom otive)
Painters
P ipefitters
T o o l and die makers
U nskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and clean ers
Laborers, m aterial handling

Industrial nurses (m en and w omen):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of Standard W eekly S alarie s and S traigh t-T im e Hourly Earnings for S e le c te d O ccupational Groups in Beaumont—Port A rthur-O ran ge, T ex . ,
M ay 1968 and May 1967, and Percents o f Increase for Selected Periods
Indexes
(M ay 1961=100)

Industry and occu pation al group
May 1968

May 1967

Percents o f increase
M ay 1967
to
M av 1968

May 1966
to
M av 1967

M ay 1965
to
M av 1966

May 1964
to
Mav 1965

May 1963
to
Mav 1964

May 1962
to
M av 1963

M ay 1961
to
M av 1962

M ay 1960
to
M ay 1961

A ll industries:
O ffice cle ric a l (m en and w o m e n )-----------------Industrial nurses ( m en and w o m e n )---------------S k ille d m aintenance (m en )--------------------------U nskilled p lan t ( m e n ) ---------------------------------

128. 7
1 2 4 .0
122.2
1 2 9 .7

1 2 2 .7
1 1 7 .2
116. 7
1 1 9 .0

4 .9
5 .9
4. 7
9 .0

4 .5
3 .4
3 .7
3 .1

2 .8
5 .6
3 .9
.7

3. 2
3. 3
2. 3
3 .0

1. 2
.8
.4
1 .8

4 .6
1 .3
4 .8
3 .2

4. 5
1. 7
.7
5 .9

5.
4.
4.
4.

8
5
3
1

M anufacturing:
O ffice cle ric a l (m en and w o m e n )-----------------Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )---------------S k ille d m aintenance (m en )----- -------------------U nskilled p lan t ( m e n ) ---------------------------------

124.8
1 2 4 .0
121.2
12 8 .0

1 1 9 .8
117. 2
1 1 5 .8
1 1 8 .0

4 .2
5 .9
4 .6
8. 5

3 .9
3 .4
3 .7
7 .0

3 .5
5 .6
3 .8
3 .1

2. 6
3 .3
2. 3
1 .6

.4
.8
.2
.2

5 .0
1 .3
4 .9
3 .2

3. 1
1. 7
.1
1 .9

7.
4.
4.
5.

6
5
6
7




5
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the w age
tre n d s r e la t e to r e g u la r w e ek ly s a l a r i e s fo r the n o r m a l w o rk w eek ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e rtim e . F o r p lan t w o rk e r g r o u p s, they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e str a ig h t - t im e h ourly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g
p re m iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w e ek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c c u ­
p a tio n s and in c lu d e m o s t of the n u m e ric a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ithin
e a c h g ro u p .

C h an ge s in the la b o r fo r c e can c a u se i n c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout a c tu a l w age c h a n g e s. It is co n ce iv ab le
th at ev en though a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a gav e w age i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r- p a y in g e s ta b lish m e n ts
e n te re d the a r e a or exp an d ed th e ir w o rk f o r c e s . S im ila r ly , w a g e s
m a y have re m a in e d r e la t iv e ly c o n sta n t, yet the a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p a y in g e s ta b lish m e n ts
e n te re d the a r e a .

L im it a tio n s of D a ta
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s of ch an ge, a s m e a s u r e s of
ch an ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu en ced by: (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w age c h a n g e s, (Z) m e r i t o r other i n c r e a s e s in p ay r e c e iv e d by in d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the la b o r fo rc e r e su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , fo r c e re d u c tio n s, and ch an ges in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s ta b lish m e n ts with d iffe r e n t p ay l e v e l s .




The u se of co n sta n t em p lo y m en t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
of c h a n g e s in the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h job in ­
clu d ed in the d a ta . The p e r c e n ta g e s of ch ange r e f le c t only ch an ges
in a v e r a g e p ay fo r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r s . T h ey a r e not in flu en ced by
ch a n g e s in sta n d a r d w o rk sc h e d u le s , a s su ch , or by p rem iu m p ay
fo r o v e rtim e . W here n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e re a d ju s te d to re m o v e fro m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s of ch ange any sig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u se d
by c h a n g e s in the sc o p e of the su r v e y .

6

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B e au m o n t—P o r t A rth u r—O r a n g e , T e x ., M ay 1968)
N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
Number
Sex, occupation, and industry division

$
weekly
hours1
[standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$
50

55

60

$
65

$
70

$
75

$
80

$
85

$
90

$
95

$
100

$
110

$
120

$
130

$
140

$

$
15C

160

$

$
170

180

$
190

and
under
55

20C
and

70

75

-

-

-

-

60

65

-

80

85

90

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

16C

170

180

190

200

over

HEN
CLERKS# ACCOUNTING# CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING --------------------------

122
107
15

40.0
4 0.0
38.5

$
$
164.50 1 6 3 .CO
166.50 166.50
151.50 136.50

$
$
1 4 8 .5 0 -1 8 7 .CC
1 5 5 .C 0 -ie 7 .C C
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 9 2 .5 0

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

38
35

39.5
4 0 .0

146.00
148.50

148.50
149.50

1 3 8 .5 0 -1 6 C .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

_

CLERKS,

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

—
—

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

_

-

2

_

2
2

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

4
4

20
15
5

5
4
1

27
27
-

11
11
-

3
3
“

3
3

2
-

4
4

11
11

7
7

9
9

_

_

40
40
-

6
4
2

3
1
2

_

_

_

1
1

“

1
-

-

-

-

9

8

-

3

5

-

4

-

-

4

-

-

1
1

-

_

2
2

2
2

3
3

1
1

_

-

1
1

_

-

5
5

_

-

2
2

7
7

4
4

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

CRDER ---------------------------------------

34

40.0

134.50

119.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

17
17

40.0
40 .0

146.00
146.00

1 4 5 .CO 1 2 6 .5 0 -1 7 7 .5 0
1 4 5 .CO 1 2 6 .5 0 -1 7 7 .5 0

OFFICE BOYS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

17
15

39.5
4 0 .0

91.00
95.00

9 3 .50
94 .5 0

9 0 .5 0 9 1 .5 0 -

9 8 . OC
99.00

-

BILLERS, MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------

15

40.5

69.50

7 2 . CO

6 6 .5 0 -

77.50

1

1

1

3

5

2

2

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------------------

28
19

39.5
39.5

72.00
65.50

6 5 . CO
63.50

6 2 .0 0 - 74 .5 0
6 1 .5 0 - 7C.C0

1
1

1
1

13
11

4
2

3
2

1
1

1
1

1

1

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------------------

75
51
24

40 .0
4C.0
40.0

128.00 13C.C0
9 5 .0 0 -1 7 1 .5 0
136.00 1 4 5 .CO 1 0 0 .5 0 -1 8 5 .CO
110.00 1 0 4 .CO 9 3 .0 0 -1 3 1 .5 0

_

_
-

-

4
4

6
6

2
2
“

5
5

2
2

1
1

14
8
6

_
-

4
2
2

1C
2
8

6
6
~

-

-

_
-

2
2
-

6
6
“

13
13
-

“

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

166
57

40 .0
4 0 .0

92.50
100.00

8 9 . CO
9 5 . CO

7 6 .0 0 -1 C 7 .5 C
7 5 .5 0 -1 1 9 .CO

_

_

15
12

5
-

17
2

29
6

16
4

2
2

17
3

2
2

42
5

9
9

1
1

2
2

6
6

-

3
3

-

-

_

-

”

-

-

-

~

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A -----------------------

16

39.5

144.50

144.50

1 3 1 .C O -1 5 9 .50

2

2

1

5

3

3

-

-

-

-

CLERKS,

-

2

?

WOMEN

F IL E , CLASS E -----------------------

33

40.0

82.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

55
33
22

4 0 .0
40.0
39.5

114.00
131.50
87.00

1 0 7 .CO 8 6 .0 0 -1 4 C .C 0
127.50 1 0 6 .C C -1 6 4 .C 0
8 8 . CC 7 4 .0 0 -1 C 3 .C 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

38
32

40.0
40.0

112.00
113.00

112.50
112.50

9 8 .0 0 -1 2 7 .CO
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS fi --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------------------

5C
20
3C

40 .0
40.0
40.0

88.00
105.00
76.50

79.50
1 1 4 .CO
75 .5 0

7 C .5 0 -1 C 4 .C 0
8 3 .C O -1 2 8 .00
7 0 .0 0 - e s .c o

SECRETARIES3------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4-----------------------

238
152
86
32

39.5
40.0
39.0
40 .0

128.00 1 3 1 .CO 1 0 4 .CO-152.CC
138.00 1 4 4 .CO 1 2 6 .0 0 -1 5 4 .5 0
111.50 1 0 8 .CO 9 9 .0 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
133.50 125.50 1 1 7 .5 0 -1 5 6 .CO

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ---------------------

21

39.5

136.00 13C.CC

SECRETARIES. CLASS 8 --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

33
19

40.0
40.0

122.00
126.00

See footnotes at end of table,




7 7 .50

1 1 6 .CO
1 3 5 .CO

7 0 .5 0 -

92.50

-

-

-

2

4

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
5
4

5
4
1

3
3
~

3
2
1

2
2
~

2
2

3
3
~

3
3
“

3
3
~

-

-

-

-

2

1
1
~

4
2

1
1

5
5

6
5

8
5

5
5

5
5

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

4
4
~

5
5
~

2
2
~

-

-

-

-

~

3
3
-

-

-

-

“

~

*

“

27
2
25
4

18
4
14
7

24
12
12
9

26
24
2
2

28
28
-

3C
25
5
5

18
15
3
3

14
12
2
1

-

-

2

6

6

6

4

1

1

1

2

1

_

2

6

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

2

1

-

2

6
5
1

6

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

~

~

-

-

12
4
8

7
7

7
7

3
2
1

7
7

-

_
-

_
-

1
1

6
2
4

7
5
2

11
6
5

1C
6
4

8
3
5

4
3
1

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

3

-

5

4

-

-

1

9 7 .5 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

_
-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

4
4

2
-

2
2

1
-

3
-

8
3

1

-

3
3

1
1

2
2

4
3

-

-

-

-

~
-

“
-

~

4
3
1
1

2
2
-

-

1

3

1

-

2
1

-

-

-

-

~

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e st r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B e au m o n t—P o r t A rth u r—O r a n g e , T e x ., M ay 1968)
W e e k ly e a r n i n g s 1
(s ta n d a r d )
N um ber

Sex, occupation, and industry division

WOMEN -

SECRETARIES3 -

of

A verage
w e e k ly
h o u rs1
’sta n d a r d )

N um ber of w o rk e rs receiving straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

$

M e d ia n 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

$

t

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

9C

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

2

-

2

-

1C
6
4

8
6
2

1
1

1

5
4
1

1
1

-

6
2
4

4
4

1

8
1
7

5
5

-

2
2
-

2

-

6
2
4

7
5
2

6
2
4

6
6
-

1
1
-

13
1
12

7

-

10
9
1

16
16

17
16
1

5
5
-

7
7
-

_

7

10
6
4

14
4
10
3

19
2
17
14

9
2
7

12
4
8
5

6
3
3

15
15

33
27
6
3

47
46
1
"

44
31
13
13

15
12
3
3

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

5
5
“

2
2

2
2

7
2
5

1C
5
5

7

24
11
13

21
21

21
21

2

50
M e a n 1234

$

and
under

1 ----200
and
over

CONTINUED

CONTINUED
$
$
1 1 1 .C O -1 6 1 .00
1 3 4 .0 0 -1 6 8 .CO
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 4 6 .CO

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

56
32
24

39.5
40.0
39.0

$
$
137.00 145.50
150.00 153.00
119.50 117.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

113
76
37

39.5
40.0
39.0

123.50 1 2 9 .CO 1 0 0 .0 0 -1 5 C .5 0
134.00 1 4 3 .CO 1 2 6 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
101.50 103.50
8 4 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4-------------------------

228
156
72
41

40.0
40.0
40 .0
4 0 .0

106.00 109.50
8 8 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
112.50 1 1 5 .CO 1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
92.00
8 4 . CO 7 6 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
100.50
8 9 . CO 7 7 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

138
106
32

40.0
4C.0
39.5

124.00 1 2 5 .CO 1 0 9 .5 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
129.50 1 3 4 .CO 1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 7 .0 0
105.50 1 0 6 .CO 9 6 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

2
2
“

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

45
34

4C.0
40.0

87.00
76.50

87.50
7 4 . CO

6 0 .0 0 -1 C 8 .0 0
5 8 .5 0 - 95.50

2
2

10
10

3
3

1
1

2
2

2
2

2
2

2
2

2
2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

41
26
15

40.0
40.0
40.5

80.50
87.00
69.00

7 5 . CO
8 3 . CO
64.50

6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 6 2 .0 0 -

_

_

-

-

11
2
9

5
5
-

5
2
3

2
2
-

7
4
3

2
2

4
4

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A ------------------------------------

26

40.0

100.50

1 0 4 .CO

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

39
33

39.5
39.5

80.50
83.00

7 8 .50
8 5 . CC

89.00
9 4 .CO
75.00

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
4
3

1
-

1

-

2
2

-

-

-

7

2

10
6

1

_

5

_

_

-

-

1
1

2
2

2
2

2

3

9 2 .5 0 -1 C 9 .C 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

8

1

10

2

7 1 .5 0 7 2 .0 0 -

_

_

5
2

2
2

11
10

3

2
2

5
5

4
4

3
3

2
2

2
2

92.50
94.50

_

_
_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

14
14

5
5

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

1 Standard hours re fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees receive their re g u la r straigh t-tim e s a la rie s (exclusive of pay fo r overtim e at re g u la r and/or prem ium ra te s), and the earnings correspond
to these w eek ly hours.
2 The m ean is- computed fo r each job by totaling the earnings of a ll w o rk e rs and dividing by the num ber of w o rk e rs.
The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed receive m ore
than the rate shown; half rec e iv e le s s than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w o rk e rs earn le ss than the lo w er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the
h igh er rate.
3 M ay include w o rk e rs other than those presented separately.
4 Tran sportation , com m unication. and other public utilities.




8

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division, Beaumont—P o rt Arthur—O r a n g e , Tex. , M ay 1968)
W e e k ly e a r n in g s 1
(sta n d a rd )
N um ber

Sex, occupation, and industry division
w o tfe e rs

A verage
w e e k ly
h o u rs1
(sta n d a rd )

Num ber of w o rk ers receiving s traigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

$

M e d ia n 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

$

$

$

%

S

$

$

$

$

$

%

$

$

%

80

85

90

95

100

105

lie

115

12C

125

130

140

15C

160

17C

18C

19C

2CC

210

$
220

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

13 Ci

140.

150

16C

1,70

ISC

l?Q

2CC

210

220

230

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-*

2
2

4
4

2
2

5
5

2
3

16
14

2
2

-

H

~

7
7

75
M e a n 12

$

$

$

$

and
under

KEN

ORAFTSKEN, CLASS A
KANUFACTURING —

41
39

40.0
40.0

$
$
$
$
181.50 1 8 6 .CO 1 6 6 .0 0 -1 9 C .0 fl
181.50 1 8 6 .CO 1 6 5 .0 0 -1 9 C .C 0

ORAFTSKEN, CLASS B
KANUFACTURING —

99
93

40.0
40 .0

163.50 1 6 5 .CO 1 4 3 .0 0 -1 8 4 .CO
163.50 1 6 8 .CO 1 4 2 .0 0 -1 8 5 .5 0

ORAFTSKEN, CLASS C
KANUFACTURING —

63
58

40 .0
4 0 .0

121.50 113.50
121.50 1 1 2 .CO

9 7 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 5 7 .CC

38
38

40.0
40.0

145.50 150.50
145.50 15C.50

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 6 2 .CO
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 6 2 .CC

2
2

-

-

-

-

_

4
4

2
2

5
5

8
8

-

4
4

-

-

2
2

4
4

3
3

12
12

12
11

6
6

16
11

17
17

9
9

11
11

5
5

1
1

1
1

2
2

7
7

-

5

2
2

2
2

2
2

1C
10

5
5

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

2
2

4
4

3
3

1
L

3
3

6
6

9
9

4

6
6

WOKEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL IREGISTEREC) ----KANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1 Standard hours reflect the workw eek fo r which em ployees receive their regular
to these weekly hours.
2 F o r definition o f te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - 1-




g tra ig h t-time sa la rie s (exclusive of pay for overtim e at re g u la r and/or prem ium rates)

and the earnings correspond

9

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by industry division, Beaumont—P o rt A rth u r-O ra n g e , Tex. , M ay 1968)
A verage
N um ber

Occupation and industry division

of
w orkers

W e e k ly

W e e k ly

h o u rs 1
( s ta n d a r d '

( s ta n d a r d )

A verage

Occupation and industry division

e a rn in g s 1

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

N um ber
of
w orkers

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
(sta n d a rd )

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s 1
(sta n d a rd )

A verage
N um ber

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CONTINUED

of
w orkers

W e e k ly

e a rn in g s 1
( s ta n d a r d )

CONTINUED

<fc

<t
>

BILLERS, MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------------------

15

40.5

69.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

30
19

4 0 .0
39.5

7 8 .5C
65.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S *2--------------------------

197
158
39
17

40.0
40 .0
39.5
40.0

150.50
156.50
126.00
131.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

204
92

40.0
40.0

102.50
118.50

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

17
15

39.5 146.00
4 0 .0 151.00
83.00

27
25

39.5
4 0 .0

88.50
9 0 .50

SECRETARIES3--------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2--------------------------

239
153
86
32

39.5
4 0.0
39 .0
4 0 .0

128.50
138.00
111.50
133.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------

21

39.5

136.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

33
19

4 0 .0
40 .0

122.00
126.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------- ---------------------------------

57
33
24

39.5
4 0 .0
39 .0

137.50
150.50
119.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

113
76
37

39.5 123.50
4 0 .0 1 34.00
39.0 101.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 -----------------------------------

228
156
72
41

4 0 .0 106.00
4 0 .0 112.50
40 .0
9 2.00
40 .0 100.50

34

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

37
20

40.0
4 0 .0

132.50
154.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

72
50
22

40 .0
40 .0
39.5

121.50
136.50
87.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

40
34

40.0
40.0

112.50
113.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

142
106
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5

124.00
129.50
107.50;

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

50
20
30

40.0
40 .0
40.0

88.00
105.00
T6.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NORMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

45
34

4 0.0
40 .0

87.00
7 6 .5 0

o
o

“P

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS ---------------- ------------------ -MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B --------------------------

W e e k ly

h o u rs 1
(sta n d a rd )

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

41
26
15

4 0.0
4 0 .0
40 .5

80.50
87.00
69.00

TABULATING-HACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

18
17

40 .0
40 .0

172.00
175.50

-------------------------------------------------

26

4 0 .0

100.50

-------------------------------------------------

41
35

3 9 .5
39.5

81.50
84.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

41
39

40.0
4 0 .0

181.50
181.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

100
94

40.0
4 0 .0

163.50
164.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

65
60

40 .0
4 0 .0

122.00
122.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------—

40
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

144.50
144.50

-------------------------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

Standard hours re fle c t the workweek for which employees receive their re gu lar straigh t-tim e s a la rie s (exclu sive o f pay fo r overtim e at re g u la r and/or prem ium ra te s ), and the earnings
correspon d to these w eekly hou rs.
2 T ran sp ortation , com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 M ay include w o rk e rs other than those presented separately.




10

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B e au m o n t—P o r t A rth u r—O ra n g e , T e x ., M ay 1968)
Num ber of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

H ourly e arnings 1

$
2.40

Occupation and industry division
M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle r a n g e 2

$

254
253

3.94
3.94

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING------------------- -----------

374
366

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

$

$

$
$
$
$
2.70 2 . 80 2 .9 0 3.00

$
3.10

2. 60 2 .7 0

2.8 0

3.20

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .60

$
3.7 0

$
3.8 0

$
$
$
$
3 .9 0 4.CC 4 .1 0 4 .2 0

and
2 .4 0 under

$

4 .3 0
and

2. 90 3 .0 0 3.10

3. 30 3.40

3.50 3 .6 0

3

,70

4 .0 0 4.1C 4 .2 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

4 .3 0

over

$

3.9 6
3.9 6

3 .9 3 - 4 .0 0
3 .9 3 - 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

3.95
3.9 4

4 .0 5
4.0 5

4 .C 2 - 4 .0 9
4 .C 2 - 4 .0 9

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

55
51

3.95
3 .9 4

4 .0 0
4 .0 0

3 .9 3 - 4 .2 5
3 .9 3 - 4 .2 4

2
2

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BCILER ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

73
70

3.62
3.67

3.7 4
3.75

3 .6 9 - 3 .7 9
3 .7 0 - 3.7 9

_

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRACES -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

457
434

3.2 4
3.27

3.34
3.34

3 .3 1 3 .3 1 -

8
4

3
3

2
2

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

553
551

3.95
3.96

4 .01
4.01

3 .9 4 - 4 .0 7
3 .9 4 - 4 .0 7

_

_

_

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

64
51

3.71
3.86

3.9 4
3.9 6

3 .8 3 - 3 .9 9
3 .9 2 - 3 .9 9

5
2

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

439
410
29

3 .81
3.8 2
3.68

3.9 6
3 .96
3.5 9

3 .6 5 - 4 .0 4
3 .6 8 - 4 .0 4
3 .1 5 - 4 .0 8

_

_
-

3
3

6

-

-

“

-

-

6

“

OILERS ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

49
49

3.19
3.19

3.15
3.15

3 .0 2 - 3 .63
3 .0 2 - 3.6 3

-

9
9

_

-

-

-

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

238
238

3.97
3.97

3.98
3.98

3 .9 3 - 4 .0 6
3 .9 3 - 4 .0 6

PIPEFITTER S, MAINTENANCE ------- -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

693
693

4.01
4.01

4.01
4 .0 1

3 .9 5 - 4 .0 8
3 .9 5 - 4 .0 8

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

59
58

3.99
4 .0 0

4.0 2
4.0 3

3 .9 7 - 4 .0 6
3 .9 7 - 4 .0 6

3.37
3.3 7

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends,
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .




$
$
$
3. 20 3.30 3.40

%

2.50

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

$
S
2. 50 2.6 0

_

holidays,

“

_

“

6
6

-

1

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

_

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

“

2

7

5

3

-

44
42

_

_

_

~

~

“

”

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

_

“

-

-

_

and late shifts.

-

-

-

“

17
17

4
4

2
2

_

_

2
2
-

12
12

“

5
5

-

“

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

~

14
14

2
2

-

_

_

15
15

-

-

_

2

-

-

~

-

-

-

_

-

“

-

8
6
2

-

-

~

“

-

-

2
2

2

_

-

2

~

2
2

6
6

-

1

-

-

1
-

-

_

_

20
20

9
6
3

2
-

_

27
25
2

24
24

21
21

-

4
2
2

18
18

-

12
12

-

-

_

-

2
2

-

3
2

6

-

42
42

_

-

21
21

-

8
8

_

~

61
61

_

-

259
259

1
-

8
8

6
6

-

”

12
12

“

-

_

-

371
371

9
9

_

-

-

45
45

184
184

_

-

~

2
2

-

4

-

5
5

-

2
2

-

2

-

_

-

10
10

-

“

-

3
3

-

-

-

8
7

-

_

~

2
2

3
3

-

_

“
-

-

12
12

“

~
-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

“

“

-

-

1

6
6

1
1

_

-

5
-

-

_

_

-

-

205
205

83
83

32
32

2
2

10
10

178
178

70
60
1C

66
66

-

-

_

_

-

_

217
217

-

_
-

_
_

4

-

-

-

4

2
2

_

_

-

144
144

44
44

40
40

_

_

-

2
2

_

_

_

2,54
254

122
122

_

-

316
316

_

-

20
20

38
3e

_

_

_

“

”

_

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u stry d iv isio n , B e au m o n t—P o r t A rth u r—O r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1968)
H ourly e irnings

O ccupation1 and industry division

N um ber
of
w orkers

2

N um ber of w ork ers receiving s traigh t-tim e hourly earnings o f$
$
$
$
$
1.60 1. 70 1.80 1. 90 2.0C

M e an 3

M e d ian 3

M iddle range3

$
2.69
3.28

$
3.09
3.39

$
$
1 .6 8 - 3.44
3 .2 5 - 3.49

2
~

14
~

-

-

-

6

-

-

9
2
7

13
3
10

6
2
4

13
12
1

16
14
2

152

3.40

3.42

3 .3 3 - 3.53

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

A76
221
255

2.20
2.73
1.73

2-07
2.92
1.66

1 .6 5 - 2.91
2 .6 9 - 3 .00
1 .6 2 - 1.76

25
25

177
1<
163

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANOLING -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4-------------------------

350
2AA
106
38

2 .6 3
2.7*6
2.32
2.72

2 .8 5
2793
2.39
2.74

2 .1 8 2 .7 9 1 .9 4 2 .3 6 -

_

23
13
10
-

FILLERS ----------------------------------------

RECEIVING CLERKS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

3.01
3.05
2.55
3.13

_

? t «9

? • 90 3.00 3 • *Q 3, 20 3.30 3 ,40 3.6 0 •a,80 4 .0 0 ovei

$
1i
$
$
3 .00 3 . 10 3 .20 3 .30 3 .4 0

S

2.90

10
10

2

2

-

AQ_

—

~

5
5

-

-

-

-

1

-

6

-

7

9
4
5

31
31

3
3

_
-

5
5

38
34
4

6
6

74
74

38
38

3
1
2
2

9

21

10

_

21
“

10
4

_

12
6
6
6

45
44
1
1

62
60
2
2

39
36
3
3

39
39

9
9

3
2
1

~

~

2

14

2

2

14
2

2
-

15
2
13
“

42
40
2

1
1

5
5

6
6

-

7
7

“

11
11

41
41

55
55

15
15

-

7

41

55

15

_
-

_
-

_
-

13
13

_
-

-

and

3
3

11
11

3

11

-

-

4

5

3
3

_

-

~

”

-

4
4

5
5

-

-

-

1

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

7
7

4
4

55
5

~

1.92

1.95

1 .7 C - 2.12

-

9

5

2

4

6

6

1

1

A2
20
22

2.58
3.79
2.14

2 .1 1 - 3.78
3 .6 4 - 4.4 5
1 .9 6 - 2.43

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3

5
5

2
1
1

7
7

1
1

1
1

1
1

2
2

-

1
1

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

5

-

1

-

-

1

1

-

2

2

51
33
18
“

6
6

19
19

3
3

-

1
1

4
3
1

1
1

7
7
”

-

1
1

6
2
4
1

61
12
49
~

9
6
3
1

8
2
6
6

36
17
19
19

118
118
-

79
75
4
4

58
58
58

-

-

4
4

4
—
4

33
33

_
-

1
1

7
7
~

2
2
~

2
2

_

23
23

_

_

-

“

38
38
~

~

42
28
14

2
2

1
1

4
4

3
3

1
1

6
2
4
4

19
19
19

52
52
~

36
33
3
3

29
29
29

_

—
-

“

-

_

2
2

15
15

_

_

_

1
1

29
29

_

_

-

_

5

1

73
73

56
56

15

3.20

2.8 9

2 .8 2 - 3.85

-

TRUCKORIVERS6 -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4-------------------------

2.95
3.13
2.74
3.49

3.30
3.35
2.94
3.63

2 .5 8 3 .2 5 1 .9 C 3 .2 8 -

_
-

TRUCKDR1VERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 -1 /2 T O N S )---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

116
72
44

2.78
3.32
1.90

3.31
3.37
1.84

1 .8 6 - 3.39
3 .3 2 - 3.43
1 .8 1 - 1.88

-

TRUCKORIVERS, MEDIUM (1 -1 / 2 TC
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4-------------------------

269
127
142
56

2.93
2.96
2.91
3.45

3.21
3.34
2.97
3.61

2 .9 C 2 .9 2 2 .9 C 3 .2 5 -

-

55
50

2.85
2.98

3.61
3.62

1 .9 5 - 3.66
1 .9 7 - 3.6 7

195
187

3.31
3.37

3.44
3.45

3 .3 1 - 3.61
3 .3 4 - 3.62

3.42
3.41
3.59
3.67

3.40
3.41
3.29
3.66

_

_

_
“

5
“

_

_

2
2

36
36

-

1 Data lim ited to men w o rk e rs .
2 E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 F o r definition of te rm s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
4 T ran sp o rtatio n , com m unication, and other public utilities.
5 A ll w o rk e rs w e re at $ 4 .6 0 to $4 .8 0 .
6 Includes a ll d r iv e r s , as defined, re g a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated




A S - 2.7 0

S

2.94
3.77
2.19

504
268
236
89

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------- 1
6
5
4
3
2

$
2 .80

35

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS
TRAILER TYPE) -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

-

A S - J U 10. 2, 2 S L 2 *12_

83
4

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

ORDER

$
2 .70

—
A S L -U9,0_

273
17A

-i-------- r i
3• 60 3.80 4.00

$
$
$
$
2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2 .6 0

and
under

S

1.60

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

$
$
2. 10 2 .20

_
-

_
-

_

-

2
2

2
1
1

_
-

1
1

3
3

9
8

1

-

~

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

“

4
4

_
-

1
1

5
2
3

54
5
49

7
4
3
1

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

4
4

21
21

-

18
18

~
-

-

-

“

12

B. Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s st u d ie d in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r y fo r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1968)
O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 12

I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

--------------------------

77

36

XXX

41

XXX

77

36

XXX

41

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f ie d m in im u m ------------------ _

26

14

13

12

10

43

22

21

21

17

U n d e r $ 6 0 .0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------$ 6 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 .5 0 ___________________________________
$ 6 2 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 6 5 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 6 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 .5 0 ---------------------------------------- ---$ 6 7 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 7 0 .0 0 _____________________ ___________
$ 7 0 .0 0 an d u n d e r $ 7 2 .5 0 _______________________________ __
$ 7 2 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 7 5 .0 0 __________________ ______________
$ 7 5 .0 0 an d u n d e r $ 7 7 .5 0 ________________________ ________
$ 7 7 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 8 0 .0 0 ______ ______ — _______ _____
$ 8 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 .5 0 _____
_ _____________________ __
$ 8 2 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 8 5 .0 0 __________________________ -_______
$ 8 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 .5 0 __________________ ______________
$ 8 7 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 9 0 .0 0 __________________ _____ _______
$ 9 0 .0 0 an d u n d e r $ 9 2 .5 0 ___________________________________
$ 9 2 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 9 5 .0 0 ______________________________ __
$ 9 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 .5 0 ______________ _______ ___ _______
$ 9 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 .0 0 _________________________________
$ 1 0 0 .0 0 an d u n d e r $ 1 0 2 .5 0 ________________________________
$ 1 0 2 .5 0 an d o v e r ----------------------------------------------------------

_
2
11
1
2
2
1
1
1
1

_
1
4
1
2
1
1
1

_
4
1
2
1
1
1

_
1
7
1
1
1
-

_
6
1
1
1
-

3
3
16
2
2
3
1
1
1
2

_
1
5
_
1
3
_
_
1
1
2

_
5
1
3
1
1
2

3
2
11
2
1
1
_
-

1
1
10
2
1
1
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
-

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f ie d m i n im u m ______________

4

3

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y ---------------------------------------------------------------

47

19

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s st u d ie d ------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2
2
3

1
2
2
3

_
_
1

_
_
_
_
1

7

XXX

3

XXX

XX X

17

XXX

1

1

1
2
2
4

XXX

1

XXX

10

XXX

28

XXX

24

1
1
1

-

-

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t in g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
2 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r or office g ir l.
3 D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , an d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o rk w e e k r e p o r t e d .







13

T able B-2. Shift D ifferentials
(Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls of m a n u fa c tu rin g plan t w o r k e r s b y type and am ount of d iffe r e n t ia l,
B eau m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x ., M a y 1968)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g plant w o r k e r s —

Sh ift d iffe r e n tia l

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h av in g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

A c tu a lly w ork in g on —

S eco n d sh ift
w ork

T h ird o r o th er
sh ift w ork

9 6 .0

89.8

18.0

10.4

W ith sh ift p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l ----------------------------------------------------

94.3

88.2

17.2

10.4

U n ifo rm c e n ts (p e r h o u r )____________________

86.9

8 0.8

14.6

10.3

5 c e n t s -------------------------- -----------------------------------------------------6 c e n t s ______________________________________________________________
_________________
7 r p .n fs
_
8 c e n t s ____________________ ________________________
10 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------------------------------- —
10% c e n t s _________________________________
11 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------12 c e n t s —--------------------------------------------------------------- ----------I 2V2 c e n t s ________________________________________________________
16 c e n t s ____________________________________________________________
18 c e n t s — ________ ______ ______________ ___
20 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.3
9.3
.7
2.9
66.1
1.3
1.0
1.2

.4

-

.9
2.5
.1
.5
9 .8
.5

-

-

-

7.7
.9
2.9
1.2
64.1

.2

-

O th er f o r m a l p a y d iffe r e n tia l -------------------------------------

7.5

7.5

2.7

(1
2)

W ith no sh ift p a y d iffe r e n tia l- ----------------------

1.6

1.6

.7

.1

-

1 In c lu d e s e sta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g late sh ifts,
e v e n though th ey w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g late sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0.05 p e rc e n t.

-

3.5

S eco n d sh ift

-

and e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s

T h ird o r o th er
sh ift

-

.3
-

.1
.4
.2
9.3

c o v e r in g late

sh ifts

14
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istribu tion of plant and o ffice w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s b y sch eduled w e e k ly h o u rs 1
of f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , Beaum ont—P o r t A r t h u r -O r a n g e , T e x ., M a y 1968)
O ffice w o rk e rs

P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u rs
A ll in d u strie s 1
2

A l l w o r k e r s _____ ____ _______ ____

__

_____

U n d e r 3 7 l/z h o u r s _________________________________ j—
371/ 2 h o u r s ________________ __ _______ _____________
O v e r 3 7 V2 and u n d er 40 h o u r s _____________________
40 h o u r s ______ _ ___________ ____ _____ ______ _
O v e r 40 and un d er 45 h o u r s ________________________
45 h o u r s _________ ___ _____________________ _________
46 h o u rs _____________ _______ ____ _______ __ ____ __
_____
_ ___
___
__ _
48 h o u r s _________
O v e r 48 h o u r s _________ ___ __ __ _________ ____ _____

1
2
3
4
5

100

1
3
1
86
1
4
.
3
1

M an u factu rin g

100

P u b lic u tilities 3

100

3

-

-

-

93
-

3
(5)

100
-

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

100

2
2

M an ufacturin g

Pu blic u t ilit ie s 3

100

2

(5)
93
3
-

1
97

(5 )

-

(5 )

Sch eduled h o u rs a r e the w e e k ly h ou rs w hich a m a jo rity of the fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s w e r e expected to w o rk , w h eth er they w e r e p aid fo r at s tra ig h t-tim e o r o v e rtim e rates.
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , re a l e state, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m unication, and other pu blic u tilitie s.
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e rc e n t.




100

-

100
-

15

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
{P e rc e n t d istrib u tio n of p lan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by n um ber of p aid h o lid ay s
p ro v id ed an n u ally , B e a u m o n t-P o rt A r th u r - O r a n g e , T e x ., M ay 19.68)
Plan t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o r k e r s

Item
A ll in d u stries 1

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s _ __
_
_
---------

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 1
23

A ll in d u strie s 2

M an u factu rin g

P u blic u t ilit ie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

100

100

99

100

100

3

■

”

“

"

_

_

4
4
33
59
"

(4)
( 4)
( 4)
13
16
20
44
4
2

( 4)
9
1
24
59
8

4
25
72
”

2
6
50
70
86
98
98
98
98
99

_
8
66
90
91
99
99
100
100
100

_
72
96
96
100
100
100
100
100

( 4)

N u m b e r of days

5 h a lf h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------1 h o lid a y --------------------------------------------------------------------3 h o lid a y s _________________________________________ — —
4 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s ________
- __ - ------ ——
. 6 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s _____________ __________________ _________ _
8 h o lid a y s ------------ — — ----—
9 h o lid a y s ---- --------- - —. —
11 h o lid a y s _______ __ — _____ — - - —

2
2

2

( 4)
2
9
5
18
51
7

( 4)
2
3
2
19
63
9

"

“

-

_
-

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 5

11 d a y s ---------- ----------------- —--------- — — —-------------- ----9 d ays o r m o r e ------------ ------ —
__
--------8 d a y 8 o r m o r e — ----- — — 7 d a y s o r rnor ^
——— —
„ _
6 day s o r m o r e _
—
___
- __
5 day s o r m o r e —
—
- - 4 day s o r m o r e - _________________ — ____________ 3 d ays o r m o r e
- ___ - —
2 V2 days o r m o r e --------------- _ —
1 d ay o r m o r e -----— — -

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

_
7
58
76
82
91
92
93
94
97

_
9
71
90
92
95
97
98
100
100

_
-

59
91
96
100
100
100
100
100

In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le t ra d e , re ta il tra d e , r e a l e state, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a ra te ly .
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m un ication , and other public u tilities.
In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le trad e; r e ta il trad e; finance, in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e state; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e rc e n t.
A l l co m bin ation s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e com bined; fo r e x a m p le , the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g a to tal of 9 days in clu d es those w ith 9 fu ll days and
d a y s , 8 fu ll d ays and 2 h a lf d a y s, 7 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on.
P ro p o rtio n s then w e r e cum ulated.




16
Table B-5. Paid V acations1
(P e rc e n t d istrib u tio n of p lan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v ac atio n pay
p r o v isio n s, Beaum on t—P o r t A rth u r-O ra n g e , T e x ., M ay 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P lan t w o r k e r s
V a catio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilit ie s 3

A ll in d u strie s 4

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

97
91
7
-

98
89
9
-

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

-

"
-

-

"
-

3

2

1
8
1

_
8

_
33

_
32

"

-

1
22
1

-

19
~

34
2
61

24
3
71

50
50

27
73

15
85

46
54

25
2
70

22
3
73

18
82

12
88

7
93

-

-

11
87
3

11
3
79
2
l

11
4
78
3
1

4
96
-

7
90
3

9
91
-

4
3
86
2
1

3
4
86
3
1

4
96
-

2
93
4

99
-

2
41
2
52

1
25
3

93
-

68

7

1
61
38

_
37
63

6
87
7

2
22

1
14

_

4

6
17
51

7

-

_
3
-

9
66

89

M ethod of paym ent
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid va c a tio n s-------------------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t---------------------------------P e rc e n ta g e paym ent------------------------------------------O t h e r ----------------- ------------------- -----------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p aid v a c a tio n s __ - ---------------------------------------Am ount of v acation p a y 5
A ft e r 6 months of s e rv ic e
U nder 1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k —------ ------------------ --------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------- -------- ------------------------------------

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r of s e rv ic e
1 w eek --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s —
2 w e e k s ______________ ___ _______________ _____ —
A ft e r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek — _______ — ___________ _______
—
--------------------- _
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s - _ —
2 w eek s - ------- ------- —---------------------------- ------------3 w eek s - ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s of s e rv ic e
1 w eek — __________
_________ ___________________
O v er 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________ —
3 w eek s _ — ---------------------------------------- ------------

-

( 6)

7
93
-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s of s e rv ic e
1 wpoTf
. .
- _ ■O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________ -__ — 2 w e e k s ------------------------------ ------- ---------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------- ------- ------ —
3 w e e k s ------------------------- ----------------------------- ------- -

-

( 6)

7
93
-

A ft e r 5 y e a r s of s e rv ic e
1 w eek __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s -------------------------- --------- — ------ -----—
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _ ______________ ______
3 w eek s ______ _____
____ _____ - — ----- —

_

A ft e r 10 y e a r s of s e rv ic e
1 w e e k __ ___ ___ ______ ___________ —
___ _____
2 w e e k s _____________________________ ____
___ ____ _
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ___ ___________________ _
3 w eek s - ____ __ _ ---------- ---------------------- — __
4 w e e k s --------- _ ____ ___ —
_

See footnotes at end of table.




_

7

(* )
24
1
41
34

22
2
13
63

90
7

17

Table B-5. Paid V acations1— Continued
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n of p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x ., M a y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 12

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 5— C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________ ___________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________

2
21
6
18
51

1
13
7
10
66

4
89
7

(6 )
21
45
34

_
18
19
63

3
90
7

2
13
29
2
51

1
5
22
3
66

93
7

(6 )
14
49
36

_
9
28
63

_
93
7

2
11
18
6
11
50

1
3
16
7
5
65

9
84
7

(6 )
14
16
1
36
34

.
8
19
2
8
62

.
4
89
7

2
11
17
2
14
50

1
3
16
3
9
65

-

4
89
7

(6 )
14
15
37
34

_
8
19
10
62

1
92
7

2
11
17
2
14
50

1
3
16
3
9
65

4
89
7

(6 )
14
15
37
34

_
8
19

.
1

-

-

10
62

92
7

2
11
17
2
14
45
5

1
3
16
3
9
58
7

_

(6 )
14
15

_

_

8
19

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s _ ------------------------------------------------------A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
2 w e e k s 1____________________________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________
A f t e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------A f t e r 30 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
5 \ v e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i l a b l e
1 w e e k ______ _______________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___ ____________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________
6 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

-

4

1

-

-

-

-

89
7

37
31
3

10
57
6

92
7
-

1 In clu d es b a s ic p la n s only.
E x c lu d e s plans such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and those plan s w h ich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or " s a b b a t ic a l" be n e fits beyond b a s ic p lan s to w o r k e r s w ith qualifying lengths
of s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of such e x c lu sio n s a r e plans in the steel, alum inum , and can in d u strie s.
2 In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il trad e, re a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le trad e; r e ta il trade; finance, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
9 In clu d es p aym en t other than "len gth of t im e ," such as p e rcen tage of annual ea rn in g s o r fla t -s u m p ay m en ts, con verted to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym ent of 2 p ercen t
of an n u al e a rn in g s w a s c o n s id e re d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s of se rv ic e w e r e chosen a r b i t r a r i ly and do not n e c e s s a r ily re fle c t the in d ivid u al p ro v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n .
F o r exam p le, the changes
in p ro p o rtio n s in d icated at 10 y e a r s ' s e rv ic e include changes in p ro v is io n s o c c u rrin g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a rs .
E s tim a te s a r e cum ulative.
Thus, the p ro p o rtio n e lig ib le fo r 3 w eek s' pay o r m o re
a fte r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s those e lig ib le fo r 3 w e e k s' pay or m o re a fte r fe w e r y e a r s of se rv ic e .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p erc e n t.




18
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 12

A ll w o r k e r s ---------- -----------

--------- — -

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r i e s 4

100

100

100

100

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g ;
L if e i n s u r a n c e _________________________________
A c c id e n t a l d e a th an d d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e __________________ - ---------------- S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5------------------- -----------

92

94

100

97

98

40

33

59

58

45

50

87

97

50

81

91

52

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e ________
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r io d ) ------------------------------------S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) --------------------------------- —

37

42

4

18

28

1

20

21

16

65

84

30

39

44

29

12

(6)

22

H o s p it a li z a t i o n in s u r a n c e __________________ _
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ---- -------------------- -----C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ________________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ____________________________
N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n ---------

95
95
86
67
75
3

99
99
89
69
84
( 6)

100
100
92
87
78

99
99
95
80
80
( 6)

99
99
98
76
84
( 6)

100
100
94
92
80

1 I n c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t th o s e l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta fo r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta fo r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l of w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e l i m it e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 L e s s th a n 0.5 p e r c e n t .




19
Table B-7.

Premium Pay for Overtime Work

(P erc en t d istrib u tio n of p lan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s Dy o v ertim e p re m iu m p ay
p r o v isio n s, B eau m o n t—P o r t A rthuiv-O range, T e x ., M ay 1968)
Plan t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o r k e r s

P r e m iu m p a y p o lic y
A ll in d u stries 1

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s 1
2

A ll in d u strie s 3

M an ufacturin g

P u blic u t ilit ie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

85

94

87

61

75

91

T im e and o n e -h a lf _______________ _________ _____
E ffe c tiv e a ft e r ;
71/, h o u rs ____________ _____________ _______ __
8 h o u rs . ------ ------------- ----- — —
9 h o u rs — ----- -------- --------- -----------D o u b le time-.-------------------------------------------------------E ffe c tiv e a ft e r ;
8 h o u rs ________ — -------- -----------------O th e r p re m iu m r a t e s — ------ ----------------------

75

82

83

60

73

91

1
73
2
5

1
81
7

-

83
-

1
59
-

2
71
-

91
-

5
4

7
5

4

-

2

13

39

25

A ll w o rk e rs -

___

—

-

----------------------------

D a ily o v e rtim e at p re m iu m ra te s

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having
p r o v is io n s fo r d a ily o v e rtim e p a y 45
at p re m iu m r a t e s -------- -----------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having no
p r o v is io n s fo r d a ily o v e rtim e pay
at p re m iu m r a t e s 8— ______________________________

15

-

W e e k ly o v e rtim e at p re m iu m ra tes

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts having
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e rtim e p a y 4
at p re m iu m r a t e s ___________________________________
T im e and o n e - h a lf _____________________ ________
E ffe c tiv e a ft e r ;
3 7 V2 h o u r s __________________________________
___
_____ _____
40 h o u r s - ___ —
42 h o u rs _ __________________________________
---------- ------------ _
48 h o u r s __________ D ou ble tim e . ______ _______
_____ — -----E ffe c tiv e a ft e r ;
40 h o u r s - _ — — — —
—
______
O th e r p re m iu m r a t e s — - ----- ------------------ W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts h aving no
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e rtim e pay
at p re m iu m r a t e s 8—
____________ __

_________

)S

100

100

95

100

100

91

95

96

85

98

100

2
88
1
1

2
93
-

1
84

( 6)

-

2
96
-

100
-

( 6)
4

5

5

-

-

96
4
4

(!)
(6)
10

-

2

5

1 In cludes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra te ly .
2 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 In cludes data fo r w h o le s a le trad e; re t a il tra d e ; finance, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
4 In cludes w o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts co v e re d by le g is la tiv e re q u ire m e n ts r e g a rd in g p re m iu m p ay fo r o v e rtim e , even though such w o r k e r s a c tu a lly do not w o rk o v e rtim e .
G rad u ated p ro v isio n s
fo r p re m iu m p ay a r e c la s s ifie d under the f ir s t effective p rem iu m rate.
F o r e x a m p le , a plan c a llin g fo r tim e and o n e -h a lf a fte r 8 and double tim e a fte r 10 h ou rs w o u ld be c o n sid ered as tim e
and o n e -h a lf a fte r 8 h o u rs.
S im ila r ly , a plan callin g fo r no pay o r pay at a r e g u la r rate a fte r 35 h ou rs and tim e and o n e -h a lf a fte r 40 h ou rs w o u ld be c o n sid e re d a s tim e and o n e -h a lf a fter
40 h o u rs.
5 In clu des w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts exem pt fro m le g is la tiv e re q u ire m e n ts re g a rd in g p re m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and w h e re , a s a m a tter of p o lic y , o v e rtim e is not w ork ed .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p erc e n t.







Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

BILLER, MACHINE

columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical woik incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer" to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following; (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com ­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the woik of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as ‘ follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does n otin all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

24

SECRETA RY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e .g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e tc .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment ( e . g . , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator.)

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e. g . , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling m aterial for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full­
time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for c a lls.)
Class B. Operates a single r or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited
telephone information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit ( e . g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from writ­
ten copy.




25

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this Welker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MA CHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

26
P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I CA L
DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Woiks in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such woik as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents,” and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Woric

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M A I N T E N A N C E AND POWE RP LANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




27

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the woik of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Woik involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of woik; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

28
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the woik of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the m illw rights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Woik involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Woik involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the woik of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

29

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Worik involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of m etal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D I A L AND M A T E R I A L MOVE ME N T
GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,



A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting m aterials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

30

ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t -----

T h e e ig h th an n u al r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
attorn ey s, ch e m ists, e n g in ee rs, engineering tech n ician s, d ra ftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , job a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s of o ffice
s e r v i c e s , b u y e rs, and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s.
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1585, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , Jun e 1967.
Fifty cents
a copy.




A re a W age Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a ila b le bulletins is p resen te d below. A d ir e c t o r y indicating d a te s of e a r l i e r stu d ies, and the p r i c e s of the bulletins is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t. B u lle tin s m a y b e p urch ase d from the Superintendent of D ocu m e n ts, U.S. G overnm ent Printing O ffice, Washington, D .C ., 20402,
or f r o m any of the B L S re g io n a l s a l e s o ffices shown on the inside front cover.
A rea
A kron, Ohio, J u l y 1967 1_____________________________
Albany—S ch e n e c ta d y ^ T ro y , N .Y ., Apr. 1 968 1 ----------A lbuquerque, N. M e x . , Apr. 1 968 1 ___________________
Allentown—B ethlehem —E a s t o n , P a . —N. J . ,
F eb . 1967 ___________________________________________
A tlan ta, G a ., May 1 968 1_____________________________
B a l t im o r e , M d ., Oct. 1967___________________________
Beaum ont—P o r t A rth u r—O r a n g e , T e x., May 1968 1____
B irm in g h a m , A la ., Apr. 1968________________________
B o is e City, Idaho, J u ly 1967---------------------------------Bo ston , M a s s . , Sept. 1967 1-----------------------------------

Bulletin number
and p ric e
1530-86,
1 575-68,
1 575-58,

25 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1530-53,
1 575-71,
1 575-1 8,
1575-75,
1 575-59,
1 575-3,
1 575-13,

25 cents
35 cents
25 cents
30 ce nts
30 cents
20 cents
30 cents

B uffalo, N .Y ., D ec. 1967--------------------------------------- 1 575-41,
Burlington, V t . , M ar. 1968------------------------------------ 1575-48,
Canton, Ohio, Jun e 1 968 1-------------------------------------- 1575-65,
C h a rle s to n , W. V a . , Apr. 1 968 1 ---------------------------- 1575-63,
C h a rlo tte, N .C ., Apr. 1 968 1 ----------------------------------- 1 575-57,
C hattanooga, T e n n .- G a ., Aug. 1967------------------------ 1575-7,
C h ic a go, 111., A pr. 1967 1 -------------------------------------- 1530-73,
C incinnati, Ohio—Ky.—In d., M ar. 1968 1______________ 1 575-62,
C le vela n d, Ohio, Sept. 1967__________________________ 1575-14,
C olu m b u s, Ohio, Oct. 1 967___________________________ 1575-23,
D a l l a s , T e x ., Nov. 1967______________________________ 1575-20,
D aven port—R ock Isla n d —M o lin e, Iowa—111.,
Oct. 1967____________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Ja n . 1968 1 -------------------------------------D en ve r, C o lo ., D ec. 1 967 1 ______________________ _____
D es M oin es, Iowa, F e b . 1 968 1 -----------------------------D etro it, Mich., Ja n . 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________________
F o r t Worth, T e x ., Nov. 1967_________________________
G reen Bay , W i s ., J u l y 1 967__________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , May 1 968 1 ________________________
H ou ston , T e x ., Jun e 1967 ____________________________
In d ia n a p o lis, In d., D e c . 1 967 1_______________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s ., F eb . 1 968 1---------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a ., J an. 1 968--------------------------------K a n s a s City, Mo.—K a n s ., Nov. 1 967 1_________________
L a w re n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N.H., June 1967 -----------L ittle Rock—North L ittle Rock, A rk ., J u l y 1967--------L o s A n ge les—Long B e a c h and Anaheim —Santa A naG a rd en G r o v e , C a l i f ., M ar. 1968___________________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—In d ., F eb . 1968_______________________
Lubbock, T e x . , June 1967 ------------------------------------M a n ch este r, N.H ., J u l y 1967--------------------------------M em phis, T e n n . - A r k . , Ja n . 1 968 1 ---------------------M iam i, F l a . , D e c . 1967 1--------------------------------------Midland and O d e s s a , T e x ., June 1968 1------------------
1 D a ta on esta b lish m e n t


Area
Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1967 1_________________________
Minneapolis—St. Pau l, Minn., J a n . 1968_______________
Muskegon—Muskegon H e ig h ts, Mich., May 1 968 1 _______
Newark and J e r s e y City, N . J . , F e b . 1968 1 ___________
New Haven, Conn., Ja n . 1 9 6 8 1_________________________
New O r le a n s, L a . , F eb . 1968----------------------------------New Y ork, N.Y., A pr. 1967 1----------------------------------Norfolk—P o rtsm o u th and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., June 1967 1-----------------------------------O klahoma City, O k la ., J u l y 1967_____________________

Bulletin number
and p rice
1530-76,
1 575-47,
1 575-60,
1 575-54,
1 575-34,
1 575-46,
1530-83,

30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
25 cents
30 cents
40 cents

1530-82,
1 57 5-4,

25 cents
20 cents

30 cents
20 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Om aha, N e b r.-Io w a, Oct. 1967 1______________________ 1575-21,
P a t e r son—Clifton—P a s s aic , N . J . , May 1967 ____________ 1530-67,
Ph iladelphia, P a . —N . J . , Nov. 1967_____________________ 1 575-40,
Phoenix, A r i z . , M ar. 1 968 1 ------------------------------------ 1 575-55,
P ittsb u rg h , P a ., Ja n . 1968____________________________ 1 575-44,
P o rtlan d, Maine, Nov. 1 967 1---------------------------------- 1 575-16,
P o rtla n d , Or eg.—W a sh ., May 1967 ____________________ 1530-79,
P ro v id e n c e—Pawtucket—Warwick, R .I.—M a s s . ,
May 1 968------------------------------------------------------------ 1 575-61,
R a le igh , N .C ., Aug. 1 967 1------------ ------------------------- 1 575-6,
Richmond, Va., Nov. 1 967 1------------------------------------ 1 575-27,
Ro ck ford , 111., May 1 968 1 ____________________________
1 575-70,

25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1 575-1 2,
1 575-51,
1 575-38,
1 575-52,
1 575-45,
1 575-22,
1 57 5-5,
1 575-66,
1 530-85,
1 57 5-36,

25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
35 cents
25 ce nts
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents

St. L o u i s , Mo.—111., J a n . 1968________________________ 1 575-39,
Salt L a k e City, Utah, D ec. 1967_______________________ 1 575-35,
San Antonio, T e x ., June 1967 1 -------------------------------- 1530-84,
San B e rn ar d in o —R iv e r side—O ntario, C a lif .,
Aug. 1 967 1---------------------------------------------------------- 1 575-1 0,
San D iego, C a l i f ., Nov. 1967__________________________ 1 575-19,
San F r a n c i s c o —Oakland, C a l i f ., Ja n . 1968_____________ 1 575-37,
San J o s e , C a lif ., Sept. 1 967 1 ---------------------------------- 1 575-1 5,
Savannah, G a ., May 1967 --------------------------------------- 1530-69,
Scran ton , P a ., J u l y 1 967 1-------------------------------------- 1 575-9,
S ea ttle—E v e re tt, Wash., Nov. 1 967 1_____________ ____ _ 1 575-29,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30
20
25
25
20
25
25

1 57 5-49,
1 575-33,
1 57 5-30,
1530-77,
1 57 5-2,

30 cents
20 cents
25 ce nts
20 cents
25 cents

1 575-64,
1 57 5-50,
1530-75,
1575-1,
1 575-32,
1 575-28,
1 575-72,

30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

Sioux F a l l s , S. D ak., Oct. 1967 1______________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1 968 1_________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1967 1 ----------------------------------T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1 967-----------------Toledo, Ohio—Mich., F eb . 1 968-------------------------------Trenton, N . J . , Nov. 1 967--------------------------------------Washington, D .C .—Md.—V a . , Sept. 1 967_______________
W aterbury, Conn., A pr. 1 968 1-------------------------------Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1 967-------------------------------------Wichita, K a n s ., D ec. 1967-------------------------------------W o rc e st e r, M a s s . , June 1967 --------------------------------Y ork, P a ., F eb . 1968 1 -----------------------------------------Youngstown—W arren, Ohio, Nov. 1967 1---------------------

25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents

p r a c tic e s and su pp lem entary w age provisions are also presented.

1 575-17,
1 575-56,
1530-80,
1 575-8,
1 575-43,
1 575-24,
1 575-1 1,
1 575-53,
1 575-26,
1 575-31,
1530-81,
1 575-42,
1 575-25,

30
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents