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A re a Wage S u rvey

The Baltimore, Maryland, Metropolitan Area
November 1966

Bulletin

No.

1530-30




U N IT E D STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S TA TI STI CS
Ar thuf M

Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey
The Baltimore, Maryland, Metropolitan Area




November 1966

B u ll e t in No. 1530-30
February 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20 402 — Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a ta on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e ach a r e a studied. A f t e r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r a
round o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e ti n is i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d ata f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s stu d ie d in to on e b u l l e t i n .
T h e second p a r t p r e s e n t s
i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h has b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d i v i d u a l m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a ta to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the
U n ite d S t a te s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n _________________________________________________________________________
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

B.

E igh ty -six areas
c u r r e n t l y a r e in clud ed in the
p r o g r a m . I n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a lly in e a c h a r e a .
I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is obta ined b i e n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of the s u r v e y in
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , in N o v e m b e r 1966. T h e Standar d M e t r o ­
p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e fi n e d b y the B ureau o f the
B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1966, c o n s i s t s o f the c i t y o f B a l t i ­
m ore;
and the c o u n t i e s o f A n n e A r u n d e l ,
B altim o re,
C a r r o l l , and H o w a r d .
T h i s study w as conducted b y the
B u re a u 's
r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , H e r b e r t
B i e n s t o c k , D i r e c t o r ; b y G e r a l d Ia n n u zzi, under the d i r e c ­
tio n o f T h o m a s N . W a i k e n .
T h e study w a s u n der the
g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f F r e d e r i c k W. M u e l l e r , A s s i s t a n t
R egio n al D ir e c to r
f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .




1
4

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s tu d ie d ___________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s tan da rd w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ___________________________
O ccupation al e a r n in g s : *
A -1. O f f i c e o c c u p a ti o n s —m e n and w o m e n ___________________________
A -2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s —m e n and w o m e n . .
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
A -4. M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A -5. C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B -l.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ___
B - 2 . S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ________________________________________________
B - 3 . S c h ed u le d w e e k l y h o u r s _________________________________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ________________________
B - 7 . H e a l t h i n s u r a n c e b e n e f i t s p r o v i d e d e m p l o y e e s and
t h e i r d e p e n d e n t s _________________________________________________
B - 8 . P r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e w o r k ______________________________

Appendixes :
A . C h an ge in o c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n : S e c r e t a r y ______________________
B. O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________

areas.

* N O T E : S i m i l a r ta b u la tion s a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r
(See in side back c o v e r.)

other

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in the B a l t i m o r e a r e a a r e a ls o
a v a i l a b l e f o r pain ts and v a r n i s h e s ( N o v e m b e r 1965), and
w o m e n ' s and m i s s e s ' c o a t s and suits ( A u g u s t 1965). Union
s c a le s, in d icative of p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re available
f o r b u ild in g c o n s t r u c t i o n ; p r i n t i n g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g
e m p l o y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a l l i e d
o c c u p a tio n s .

m

3

4
6
10
10
12
13
15
16
17
18
19
22
23
24
25
26




Area Wage Survey---The Baltimore, Md., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h i c h the U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , data w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e ­
s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n s i x b r o a d in d u s try d i v i s i o n s : M a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r pub lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e rv ic e s.
M a j o r i n d u s t r y gro u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d , b e c a u s e th ey te nd to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c lu s io n .
S e p a r a te tab u la tion s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t pub­
lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

b on u s es and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e inc lu d e d .
W h e r e w e e k l y hours a r e
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a ti o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the sta n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f hour) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e ar n in g s
f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a rea w id e e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and job
s t a f f i n g and, thus, c o n tr i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r eac h job.
T h e p ay r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g job s in
individual e s ta b lish m en ts.
S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay
l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p ay t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w i t h i n in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y
c o n tr ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p ay f o r m e n and w o m e n include: D i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e on ly the
a c t u a l r a t e s p aid i n c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d uties p e r f o r m e d , alth ou g h the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d
w i t h i n the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n .
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s used in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
than th os e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c on du cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
obtain op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m cost, a g r e a te r p ro p o r tio n of
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is stu died.
In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , a l l esta b lis h m en ts a r e g iven th eir a p p ro p ria te w eig h t.
Es­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu died a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the in d u s try g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e studied.
O c c u p a t i o n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
f o l l o w i n g t y p e s : (1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to tak e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s w i t h i n the s a m e j o b .
T h e oc c u p atio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d i n a p p e n d ix B.
T h e e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g
the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e
o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e no t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n is too s m a l l to p r o v i d e eno ugh
data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o ta l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n the s c o p e o f the study and no t the nu m b er
actu a lly su rveyed.
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s tr u c tu r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
ta in e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e o n l y to in d ic ate
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do no t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s data.

E stablish m en t P ra c t ic e s

P ro v isio n s

I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d ( i n the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s as they r e ­
la te to p lant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and p r o ­
f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s who a r e
u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c l u d e d .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
c lu d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( in c lu d in g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e fu n c tio n s .
"O ffice w o rk e rs "

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e s ho w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e. , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n bon u s es a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g




and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e

1

2
in clu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d fu n c tio n s .
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
in d u s trie s .
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in
t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y p olic ies.
Sh if t d i f f e r e n t i a l data (t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to pla nt w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d both in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o ta l plant
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d s h ift at the t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m ou n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s us e d o r , i f no am ou n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o urs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y hours (ta b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d as a p p l y i n g to
a l l o f the plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sc h ed u le d
w e e k l y h o urs a r e th os e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r th ey w e r e paid f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; paid v a c a t i o n s ; he alth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
plans; and p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e w o r k ( t a b l e s B - 4 th ro u gh B - 8 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s i s that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
Sums o f i n d i v i d u a l
i t e m s in t a b le s B - 2 th ro u gh B - 8 m a y no t e q u a l to ta ls b e c a u s e o f
ro un din g.
Data on p aid h o l i d a y s (t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to data on h o l i ­
days g r a n te d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i. e. , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a ve b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d by c u s to m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n te d a r e i n c lu d e d e v e n though th ey m a y f a l l on a no n­
w o r k d a y , e v e n i f the w o r k e r is not g r a n te d a n o t h e r day o f f .
The fir s t
p a r t o f the paid h o l i d a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a l f
h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g ra n te d .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a l f
h o l i d a y s to show t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n plans (ta b l e B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d to f o r ­
m a l p o lic ie s , exclu d in g in fo r m a l a r ra n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith
pay is g ra n te d at the d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
E s tim a te s exclude
v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s plans and th ose w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i ­
c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c pla ns to w o r k e r s w i t h q u a l i f y i n g le n g th s o f
service.
T y p i c a l o f such e x c l u s i o n s a r e plans in the s t e e l , a l u m i n u m ,
and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
S e p a r a t e e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to
e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t i n g v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , such as t i m e p a y ­
m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f an nual e a r n i n g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n ts . H o w e v e r , in
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.




the tab ulation s o f v a c a t i o n p ay, p a y m e n t s not on a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n ­
v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ;
for exam p le, a paym ent of 2 p ercent of
annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s pay .
Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
plans (ta b l e s B - 6 and B - 7 ) f o r w h i c h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is
b o r n e by the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n l y l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s such as
w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
Such plans include th ose u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and th ose p r o v i d e d th r o u g h a u n io n fund o r p aid d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g funds o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r this p u r p o s e .
S elected health in su ran ce b en efits p r o v id e d e m ­
p l o y e e s and t h e i r d epen den ts a r e a l s o p r e s e n t e d .
S ic k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that ty p e o f
i n s u r a n c e under w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d on a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
d isa b ility.
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l such plans to w h i c h the
e m p l o y e r c o n tr i b u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h
h a ve e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 2 plans a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f the e m p l o y e r (1) c o n ­
t r i b u t e s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e
w i t h b e n e f i ts w h ic h e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w .
Tabu lations
o f paid s i c k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 3 w h i c h p r o v i d e
f u l l pay o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s pay d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
because o f illn ess.
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to
(1) plans w h i c h p r o v i d e fu l l p a y and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) plans
w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l pay o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d .
In a d d i t i o n
to the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a t e d
to t a l is shown o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r both t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .
C a ta s tr o p h e i n s u r a n c e ,
s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to as e x te n d e d
m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th os e p lan s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n ,
m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p lan s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p lans p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
payment of doctors' fees.
Such p lan s m a y be u n d e r w r i t t e n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n ce c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th ey m a y
be s e l f - i n s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n plans a r e l i m i t e d
to th ose plans that p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f
the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
Data on o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m p a y ( t a b l e B - 8 ) , the h o u r s a f t e r
w h i c h p r e m i u m p ay is r e c e i v e d and the c o r r e s p o n d i n g r a t e o f p ay , a r e
p r e s e n t e d by d a i l y and w e e k l y p r o v i s i o n s .
D a i l y o v e r t i m e r e f e r s to
w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f h o u r s a day r e g a r d l e s s o f
the n u m b e r o f hours w o r k e d on o t h e r d a y s o f the p a y p e r i o d .
W eek ly
o v e r t i m e r e f e r s to w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f h o u r s
p e r w e e k r e g a r d l e s s o f the day on w h i c h it is p e r f o r m e d , the n u m b e r
o f ho u rs p e r d ay, o r n u m b e r o f d a y s w o r k e d .

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
it met either of the following
contributions.
formal provisions covering
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
if it (1) had operated late
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written form for operating
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.

3

T a b le 1.

Establishm ents and w ork ers within scope o f su rv ey and num ber studied in B a ltim o re , Md. , 1 by m a jo r industry d ivis ion , 2 N o vem b er 1966
Num ber o f establishm ents

In du stry d ivis io n

Minimum
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ­
ments in scope
o f study

W ork ers in establishm ents
W ithin scope of study

W ithin scope
o f stu dy3

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

Pla n t
N u m ber

O ffic e

Percen t

T o t a l4

A ll d iv is io n s ---------------------------------------------------

.

736

216

295,600

100

189,900

46,500

206,560

M an ufactu ring------------------------------------------------Nonm anu factu ring------------------------------------------T r a n sp o rta tio n , com m un ication , and
oth er public u t ilitie s 5------------------------------W h o lesa le t r a d e ----------------------------------------R e ta il tra d e -----------------------------------------------Fin a n ce, in su rance, and r e a l e s t a t e ----------S e rv ic e s 7---------------------------------------------------

100
-

291
445

78
138

172,900
122,700

58
42

122,700
67,200

18,700
27,800

120,280
86,280

100
50
100
50
50

40
109
60
101
135

18
31
26
31
32

33, 000
13,800
37,600
20,000
18,300

11
5
13
7
6

16,900
7, 900
30,000
6 1,100
( 8)

6, 700
3, 000
4, 000
12,000
( 8)

28,950
4, 780
31,830
12,170
8, 550

1 The B a ltim o re Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tistica l A re a , as defined by the Bureau o f the Budget through A p r il 1966, con sists o f the c ity o f B a ltim o re ; and the counties o f Anne Arundel,
B a ltim o r e , C a r r o ll, and H ow ard.
Th e "w o rk e rs within scope o f study" estim ates shown in this table p ro vid e a reason a bly accu rate d es crip tio n o f the s iz e and co m position o f the labor fo rc e
included in the su rv ey.
The estim a tes a re not intended, h ow ever, to s e r v e as a basis o f com pa rison with oth er em ploym ent indexes fo r the a rea to m easu re em ploym ent trends or levels
sin ce (1) planning o f w a ge su rveys re q u ire s the use o f establishm ent data co m p iled co n s id era b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p erio d studied, and (2) sm a ll establish m ents a re excluded fro m the scope
o f the su rv ey.
2 Th e 1957 r e v is e d edition o f the Standard In du strial C la ss ifica tio n Manual and the 1963 Supplement w e re used in cla s s ify in g establishm ents by industry d ivis ion .
3 Includes a ll establish m ents w ith total em ploym ent at o r above the m inim um lim ita tion . A l l outlets (w ithin the a rea ) o f com panies in such in du stries as tra d e, fin ance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ictu re th e a ters a re co n s id ere d as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes e x ecu tive, p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w ork ers excluded fr o m the sep arate plant and o ffic e c a te g o rie s .
5 T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tran sportation w ere excluded.
6 E stim ate re la te s to r e a l estate establishm ents only. W orkers fr o m the en tire in du stry d ivis ion a re re p res en ted in the S e ries A ta b les, but fr o m the r e a l estate p ortion only in " a ll in du stry"
e stim a tes in the S e rie s B ta b les.
7 H o tels; p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir shops; m otion p ictu re s; non profit m em b ersh ip orga n ization s (exclu din g re lig io u s and ch a rita b le o rga n iza tio n s ); and en gineering
and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .
8 T h is in du stry d iv is io n is re p res en ted in estim ates fo r " a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S erie s A ta b les, and fo r " a ll in d u stries" in the S eries B ta b les. S eparate presentation
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the fo llow in g reason s;
(1) Em ploym ent in the d iv is io n is too sm a ll to p rovid e enough data to m e rit sep ara te study, (2) the sam ple was
not d esign ed in itia lly to p e rm it sep ara te presen tation, (3) response was in su fficien t o r inadequate to p e r m it sep ara te p resen tation , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d isc lo su re o f individual
esta blish m en t data.




A lm o st th r e e -fifth s o f the w o rk ers within scope o f the su rv ey in the B a ltim o re a rea
w e re em ployed in manufacturing fir m s .
The fo llow in g table presen ts the m a jo r industry
groups and sp e cific in du stries as a p ercen t o f a ll manufacturing;
Indu stry groups
P r im a r y m e t a ls ----------------------- 20
E le c tr ic a l m a c h in e ry --------------- 15
Food produ cts------------------------- 10
T ran sporta tion eq u ipm en t------- 8
A p p a r e l---------------------------------- 7
M ach inery (ex cep t e le c tr ic a l) __ 6
C h em ica ls------------------------------- 5

S p ecific in du stries
B la s tfu r n a c e s , steelw o rk s ,
and r o llin g and finishing
m ills ------------------------------------ 18
Com m unication equipm ent------- 13
Ship and boatbuilding and
r e p a ir in g ----------------------------5

Th is in form ation is based on estim ates o f tota l em ploym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iverse
m a teria ls com piled p r io r to actual su rvey.
P r o p o rtio n s in va riou s industry division s m ay
d iffe r fr o m proportions based on the resu lts o f the s u rv ey as shown in table 1 above.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d (d a te o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u cted
b e t w e e n July I960 and June 1961).
S u b tra c tin g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e chan ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d ate o f th e in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h an ge s b e t w e e n th e in d i c a t e d d a te s .
T h e s e estim a tes a re
m e a s u r e s o f c han ge in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not in t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p ay c h an ge s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .
M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g

in th e o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p . T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e i g h t s r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym ents w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le.
The a v e r a g e (m ea n ) earn in gs f o r
e ach o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l oc c u p a tio n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d .
The aggregates
for

2 con secu tive y e a r s w e r e

rela te d

by

d ividin g

the

aggrega te for

th e l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e resu ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , sho w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s the p ro d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 00) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the next s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and c on tin u in g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ’ s r e l a t i v e by the p r e v i o u s y e a r ’ s i n d e x .
A v e r a g e earn in gs
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a tio n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s w i t h i n an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g ro u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i ts p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls
NOTE:

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Unskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are excluded because of a change in the description this year.

Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Baltimore, M d .,
November 1966 and November 1965, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(Decem ber 1960=100)

Industry and occupational group
November 1966

November 1965

Percents of increase
November 1965
to
November 1966

November 1964
to
November 1965

November 1963
to
November 1964

November 1962
to
November 1963

November 1961
to
November 1962

December 1960
to
November 1961

September 1959
to
December 1960

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n )-------Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n )-----Skilled maintenance (m en)------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------------

122.3
120.2
123.3
116.1

117.9
115.5
115.7
115.1

3.8
4.0
6.6
.9

3.4
1.4
3. 1
2.4

3.9
1.4
3.7
2.6

3.5
1.4
2.5
4.3

2.8
3.9
1.8
.9

3. 1
6 .7
3. 8
4. 2

3. 5
3. 2
3.4
4. 2

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n )-------Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n )-----Skilled maintenance (m en)------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------------

115.8
119.0
123.0
117.7

111.6
114.0
114.9
115.9

3.8
4.4
7. 1
1.5

1.4
1. 3
2.9
2.9

1.5
.9
4.1
2.3

3.5
1.8
2.2
4. 1

3. 1
3. 3
1. 1
2.2

1.6
6.0
3.8
3.6

4. 1
5.3
3. 2
5.9




5

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k , e x c l u s i v e
o f e a r n i n g s at o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s ,
th ey
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
s tr a ig h t-tim e hou rly earn in g s,
e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t
jobs w ith in each group.
L im itatio n s

C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s with out a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It is c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a ve d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r p a y in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y con stant, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r p a y in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

o f D ata

T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f change, as m e a s u r e s of
c h an ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w age changes,
( 2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p ay r e c e i v e d by
i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p ay l e v e l s .




T h e use o f c on sta n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h an ge s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each jo b
i n c lu d e d in the data. T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge r e f l e c t on ly c han ges
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f lu e n c e d b y
c h an ge s in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m pay
fo r o vertim e.
Data w e r e a d ju s te d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c aused
by c h a n ge s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

6

A.
Table A-l.

Occupational Earnings

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o r e , Md. , N o vem b er 1966)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

$

$

$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

t

Mean2

Median 2

$

$

60

65

70

75

80

35

90

95

100

105

$
110

55

60

65

70

75

80

35

90

95

100

105

110

$
$
1 0 9 .00 -1 45 .0 0
1 1 2. 50 -1 51 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
12 9.0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

3
2
1

4
2
2

10
2
8
1

25
17
8
-

15
2
13
-

_
-

_
-

3
2
1

12
9
3

6

-

15
9
6

27
12
15

17
10
7

14
11
3

7
5
2

-

-

-

3
3
3

6
6
6

8
8
8

20
17
17

-

_

-

_

1
1

1
1

47
22
25
-

l

IQ

22
16
6
4

_

l

1

M
iddle range 2

$

$

55

45

$

$

50

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$

115

$
120

115

120

18
4
14

33
16
17

11
5
6

17
5
12

6

6
6
5

12
12
12

23
22
22

2
2

9
9

4
4

7
7

4
?

5
2
3
3

%

$

$

$

$

$

%

125

130

140

150

160

125

130

140

150

160

over

20
5
15
2

17
12
5
3

10
2
8
-

37
18
19
4

37
20
17
8

47
39
8
4

11
7
4
4

13
6
7

11
7
4

18
15
3

3
3

-

4

7
4
3

-

“

2
2
2

13
13
5

1
1
1

12
12
12

6
6
6

6
6
6

23
23
23

-

22
22

3
3

7
7

9
8

14
14

12
12

39
39

10
10

3
1
2

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

2

_

_
~

3

and
under

and

M
EN
$
$
125.50 124.50
131.00 137.00
120.00 117.00
140.50 142.00

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A M ! FACT U I N G ------------------AN1
R
NONMANUFACTURING-------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-----------

288
148
140
26

39.5
40.0
39. 5
40. 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B M
ANU FACTUR I N G ------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------

187
105
82

39.5
99.00
39.5 100.50
39.5
96.50

95.00
95.00
96.00

8 2 .0 0 - 1 1 9 . 5 0
8 2 .5 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 - 1 1 1 . 5 0

“

-

-

CLERKS, ORDER-----------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------WHOLESAL E TRADE------------

150
137
128

39.5 111.50 107.50
39. 5 114.50 109.00
39.5 114.50 108.00

9 3 .0 0 - 1 2 9 . 5 0
9 5 . 5 0 - 1 3 1 .5 0
9 4 . 5 0 - 1 3 4 .0 0

-

"

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------

140
139

41.0 131.50 132.50
41.0 131.50 132.50

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
1 1 2. 50 -1 52 .0 0

_

_

-

OFFICE BOYS---------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------NONM ANJFACTUR I N G --------------PUBLIC U TI L I T IE S 3-----------

179
69
110
39

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

67.50
69.00
64.50
66.00

6 1 . 0 0 - 73.50
6 3 . 5 0 - 73.50
5 9 . 5 0 - 74.00
6 2 . 5 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0

_
-

TABULAT ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------

86
66

39.0
39.0

123.00 126.50
125.50 130.50

10 9.0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
112. 00 -1 40 .5 0

_

TABULAT ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------NJNM ANUFAC TURING--------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 3-----------

195
102
93
38

39.5 111.50 115.00
39.5 114.00 116.00
39.5 109.00 113.00
40.0 119.50 122.00

100.5 0-1 23 .50
1 0 5 .00 -1 26 .5 0
9 4 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0
12 0.5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0

_

_

-

-

~

~

TABULAT ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------- -MANUFACTURING--------------------

70.00
70.00
69.50
79.00

98
55

39.5
40.0

93.50
93.50
98.0 0 100.00

107
78

40.0
39.5

71.50
67.00

71.50
67.50

6 4 . 0 0 - 82.50
6 2 . 0 0 - 73.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------

58

39.0

72.50

75.50

6
9

17
5
12

18

18

~

_

_

44
17
27

3

-

6

3
2

2
4
1

1

“

1

_

_

_

2

5

4
_
-

_
-

1
1
~

_

3

-

3
“

“

7
4

12

3

9

3

~

16
8
3
2

8
3
5
~

2

2

4

3

-

-

■
?

1

4
4

3
3

“

7
4

7
7

5
4

9
8

~

11
5

19
18

4
4

11
11

18
8
10
1

8
7
1
“

24
13
11
4

26
24
2
“

35
1
34
31

22
20
2
“

4
3
l

6
5
1
“

5
3
~

15
15

_

_

_

1

.

1
1

~

~

-

-

1

_

_

_

5

3

16
11

10
3

12
6

5

3
3

7
7

2
2

18
18

19
19

19
14

3
3

22
11

4
“

8

7

10

8

3

11

12

_

_

2

“

2
2

2

~

2

2

4
4

9
1

13
7

12
10

10

19
15

34
18

1
”

_

_

17

-

-

17
4
11

40
7
33
11
12

35
23
12
l
11

44
8
36
13
8

47
21
76
10

26
22
4

12
11
1

R
7
1

10
8
2

-

-

40
1
39
19
17

2

-

2

1

6

4

\

1

2

-

1

6 4 . 0 0 - 82.00

13
4

-

-

_

8 0 .5 0 - 1 0 6 . 0 0
3 5 .0 0 - 1 1 5 . 5 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------

1

9
7

7
5

2

~

2

1
1

.
-

_

WM
O EN

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------

117
71

38.5
38.0

90.00
89.00

94.00
94.00

8 4 .0 0 - 1 0 1 . 0 0
8 5 . 0 0 - 1 0 0 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE4----------------------------

284
110
174
58
74

39.0
40.0
38.5
38.5
38. 0

75.50
83.00
70.50
68.50
70.50

76.00
84.00
70.00
68 .00
69.00

67.0074.5063.5063.0062.50-

See footn otes at end o f table,




84.00
90.50
79.00
78.50
73.50

-

-

-

-

1
~

~

~

3

18

~

_

_

_

”

“

~

1

_

-

-

1
1
-

_
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

'

-

-

-

-

_

.

~

~

_

_

-

-

_
-

7
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W o m en — Continued

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o re , M d. , N o v e m b e r 1966)
W
eekly earnings1
(standard)
m
ber

Average
weekly
hours1
standard)

Number of workers receiving straight--time weekly earnings of —
$

$

$
45

$

$

5f

$

$

$

$

kers

Mean2

Median2

M
iddle range 2

$

$

$
$
105
no

115

$
120

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

40
30
10
4

24
15
9
3

53
33
20
2
12

21
17
4
2

6
5
1
-

9
4
5
_

8
1
7
-

9
5
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

29
27
2
2

28
26
2
2

5
4
1
1

3
1
2
-

8
2
6
4

4
2
2
2

8
8
_

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
-

1
1

2
1
-

3
3
-

1
1
-

_
_
-

1
1
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

i

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

-

-

3
3
1
2

13
13
2
1

28
28
3
5

41
3
38
12
18

29
1
28
13
6

69
15
54
25
10

58
4
54
16
17

128
27
101
5
14

$

$
$
$
$
$
125
130
140
160
150

and
under

and
over

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
$
$
39.0 101.00 101.00
38.5 110.50 110.00
38.0
97.50
97.00
90.00
92.00
39.0
37.0
96.50
94.50

$
$
9 1 . 5 0 - 109.50
1 0 3 .0 0 - 119.00
8 7 . 0 0 - 103.50
8 6 . 0 0 - 96.00
8 4 . 0 0 - 104.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
M
AND FACT U I N G ----------------R
NONMANUFACTURING-----------RETAIL TRADE --------------FINANCE4------------------- — ■

541
160
381
79

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8
M6NJFACTURING ---------------NONM ANJFAC TURING-----------WHOLESALE TRADE---------p FTAIL TRADE --------------FINANCE4-----------------------

729
222
507
87
137
123

39.0
39.5
38.5
40.0
39.5
38.0

79.50
88.50
75.50
88.00
69.00
73.00

77.00
86.00
74.50
90.00
71.00
73.00

69.5075.0067.0078.5062.5065.00-

89.00
L03.00
83.50
95.50
75.50
81.50

-

5
5
4
1

CLERKS, FILF, CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------FINANCE4-----------------------

146
80
53

39.5
38.5
38.0

8^.50
8'+. 50
73.00

83.50
73.00
72.00

7 4 . 0 0 - 90.50
7 0 . 0 0 - 97.50
6 5 . 5 0 - 79.50

_
-

_
-

CLERKS, FIL F, CLASS B -------NONM ANUF AC TURING-----------RETAIL TRADE -------------FINANCE4---------------- -------

470
421
76
276

38.5
38.5
38.0
38.5

64.50
64.00
55.00
62.00

62.50
62.00
55.50
61.50

57.0056.0049.0056.50-

70.00
68.50
60.50
65.50

23
23
23
-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------M tJ FACTUR I N G ----------------AN
NONMANUFACTURING----------FINANCE4-----------------------

436
134
302
174

38.0
39.0
37.5
37.5

63.00
65.00
62.00
58.50

63.00
64.00
61.00
58.00

57.0061.0056.0054.50-

67.50
68.50
67.50
63.00

CLFRKS, ORDER --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING----------WHOLESALE TRADE---------RETAIL TRADE ---------------

333
153
180
57
123

39. 5
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.0

75.50
80.00
72.00
89.50
64.00

72.00
74.00
70.00
85.00
61.50

6 3 . 5 0 - 87.50
6 8 . 5 0 - 91.00
5 8 . 0 0 - 81.00
7 3 . 5 0 - 100.50
5 5 . DO- 71.50

CLFRKS, PAYROLL -----------------MANUFACTURING---------------NONMANUFACTURING----------RETAIL TRAOE --------------

32 5
168
157
90

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.0

89.00
90.50
99.50 100.50
78.00
80.50
74.00
76.50

7 4 . 5037.5067.5065.50-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS-------M
ANU FACTUR I N G ---------------NONMANUFACTURING----------WHOLESALE TRADE---------RETAIL TRADE --------------

391
151
240
79
147

39.5
39.5
38.0
40.0
37.0

81.00
82.50
80.00
81.00
78.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING-------------—
NONMANUFACTURING---- -----FINANCE4-----------------------

696
318
378
107

38.5
39.5
38.0
39.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------RETAIL TRADE -------------FINANCE4-----------------------

645
297
348
84
172

OFF IC F G I R L S ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 3-------

128
53
75
29

See footnotes at end of table,




96

2
2
2

-

27
27
17
4

90
12
78
2
29
26

64
18
46
5
10
19

1 32
27
105
9
42
19

112
35
77
9
11
18

78
16
62
12
20
19

51
22
29
7
4
12

30
5
25
21

55
17
38
11

1

4

5
5
5

8
8
8

7
7
7

20
18
17

22
4
4

17
2
2

30
10
6

11
-

9
9
3

7
7
1

_
-

2
1
-

66
66
14
52

81
81
20
56

135
114
13
97

48
46
6
37

44
33

17
15

22
17

8
2

14
13

4
3

_
-

4
4

2
2

_
_

_
_

2
2

20

5

7

1

_
-

60
60
47

109
26
83
63

89
50
39
37

132
37
95
11

19
7
12
11

16
9
7
5

1
1

-

4
4
-

-

_
-

2
1
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

_
-

_

_
-

26
26
26

35
17
18
18

46
29
17
17

64
35
29
22
7

27
13
14
14

14
3
11
7
4

14
14
-

15
12
3
3

27
10
17
14
3

12
6
6
5
1

_
-

_
_
-

2
2
_
-

_
_
_
_

-

-

7
7
7
-

10
10
_
_

“

32
2
30
30

-

-

-

105.50
109.00
92.00
86.00

3
3
3

3
3
3

5
5
4

18
18
12

24
1
23
11

31
15
16
15

22
2
20
11

31
15
16
8

33
20
13
6

22
18
4
1

18
12
6
5

31
25
6
1

35
23
12
7

14
12
2
-

6
2
4
-

14
13
1

5
_

2
2

4
4
_

-

-

79.50
77.00
80.00
81.00
78.00

7 1 . 5 0 - 89.00
7 1 . 0 0 - 90.00
7 2 . 0 0 - 88.50
7 3 . 0 0 - 84.50
7 0 . 5 0 - 88.00

4
4
4

8
8

4
1
3
3

44
27
17
6
11

12
3
9

41
10
31
4
27

74
28
46
28
18

24
4
20
1
15

25
5
20
6
13

17
5
12
4
6

13
6
7
2
5

10
3
7
2
1

4
3
1
1

7
3
4
2
1

2
1
1

-

1
1
_
_

8

89
41
48
24
23

1

-

83.00
85.50
83.00
78.50

83.00
8 7.00
78.50
78.50

7 3 . 0 0 - 92.00
7 8 . 5 0 - 95.00
7 0 . 5 0 - 89.50
7 0 . 5 0 - 87.50

_

_
-

_

14
4
10
10

104
27
77
15

93
28
65
21

81
29
52
12

95
56
39
16

87
39
48
15

no
57
53
8

41
29
12
6

43
33
10
3

10
7
3
1

9
4
5
-

4
1
3
-

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
38.0

81.00
83.50
79.00
70.50
70.50

79.00
81.50
74.00
66.00
70.50

69.5075.5064.5060.0064.00-

89.50
90.50
89.00
77.00
77.00

52
5
47
18
28

69
21
48
15
32

85
41
44
6
38

97
61
36
7
26

84
61
23
2
13

57
32
25
13

49
43
6
-

10
3
7
3

13
1
12
5

11
5
6
6

62
12
50

3
3

6
6
-

38
38
16
22

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

64.50
65.00
64.50
70.00

64.00
65.50
63.00
67.00

60.0062.0057.5064.00-

68.50
69.00
68.50
71.00

11
2
9

22
3
19

11
5
6
3

4
1
3
1

2
1
1

_

1

1

"

"

'

2
1
1
1

_

“

37
20
17
12

-

"

37
20
17
10

-

-

_
_
_

-

-

-

8

"

_

6

-

-

-

_

-

-

2

_
-

l

-

-

"

l
1

_

1
1

5
3

-

2
_
2
2
-

_

-

-

4
4

_
_
_
-

_

11
10
1

_

_
_

1

_
_

_
_

1

1

-

-

1
1

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

7
7

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

2
1
1
-

_

_
_
_

_

1

_

_

-

-

_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
_

_

8
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o r e , M d. , N o v e m b e r 1966)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$

$
45

Mean2

Median 2

M
iddle range 2

$
50

$

$
55

60

$
65

$

$
70

75

$
80

$
85

$

$
90

95

$

t

100

105

110

$
115

$

$
120

$
125

$
130

$

$
140

150

and
under

160
and

50

55

-

-

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

over

1
1
1

16
7
9
9

32
8
24
2
15

94
19
75
4
8
62

106
46
60
2
4
9
37

2 05
84
121
8
16
10
65

226
53
173
4
25
6
112

178
65
113
2
14
17
72

222
99
123
6
10
21
77

229
113
116
6
23
19
48

243
127
116
8
10
27
53

149
86
63
11
17
5
11

175
110
65
10
10
9
13

233
148
85
50
15
1
5

147
112
35
16
4
8

122
75
47
23
6
1
2

92
43
49
31
13
-

18
9
9
2
1
2

25
15
10
10
~

_

_

_

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
SECRETARIES5 6
-----------------------------------M
ANJ FACTUR I N G ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC U TI L I T IE S 3--------------------WHOLESALE TRADE----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE4------------------------------------

2,513
1,219
1,294
189
171
136
592

$
$
$
$
8 9 .0 0 - 1 2 0 . 0 0
39.0 104.50 104.00
9 6 . 0 0 - 1 2 3 .5 0
39.5 109.00 109.50
8 6 . 0 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0
38.5 100.00
98.00
39.5 124.50 124.00 11 5.0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0
39.5 104.00 103.00
8 9 .5 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0
39.5
96 .0 0
99.00
90.50
38.0
90.00
8 2 . 0 0 - 99.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A6------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------

157
77
80

38.5 115.00 116.50
39. 0 119.50 118.50
38.0 111.00 114.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B6------------------MANJ FACTUR I N G ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------FINANCE4------------------------------------

511
199
312
197

38.5 106.50 104.50
9 0 . 0 0 - 1 2 5 .5 0
39.5 121.50 126.50 11 4.0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
38.0
96.50
87.50-106.00
94.50
8 7 .5 0 - 1 0 1 . 5 0
38.0
93.50
93.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C*------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE4------------------------------------

907
521
3 86
50
56
157

9 3 .0 0 - 1 2 1 . 0 0
39.0 105.50 107.50
39.5 112.00 114.50 1 0 3 .50 -1 23 .0 0
97.00
38.0
96.00
8 4 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0
39.5 113.50 113.00 10 6.0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
91.50
8 0 . 0 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
39.5
96.00
38.0
88.00
8 1 . 5 0 - 96.50
87.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS O6------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE----------------------FINANCE4------------------------------------

719
409
310
68
142

39.0
93.00
39.5
95.00
38.5
91.0 0
39.5 102.50
37.5
81.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 3--------------------WHOLESALE TRADE----------------------FINANCE4------------------------------------

1,173
311
862
192
146
469

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR--------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------FINANCE4------------------------------------

477
189
288
114

1 0 6 .00 -1 25 .0 0
1 1 0 .50 -1 30 .5 0
1 0 4 .00 -1 19 .0 0

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

2
2
2

_

-

-

2
2
“

5
5

10
8
2

4
4

16
5
11

14
4
10

17
6
11

41
20
21

10
1
9

14
11
3

15
11
4

2
2
-

1
1
“

6
6
“

1
1
1

10
10
10

13
13
4

33
15
18
11

69
1
68
45

59
7
52
44

28
28
26

48
10
38
20

41
10
31
24

27
9
18
2

27
17
10
2

22
11
11
3

72
69
3
3

21
20
1
-

28
24
4
“

9
5
4
“

1
1
“

65
38
27
9
1
13

117
77
40
10
3
13

65
47
18
7
2
2

69
49
20
9
8
-

134
121
13
3
~

41
27
14
4
“

62
44
18
5
-

16
12
4
1
-

2
2
“

-

-

-

_
-

"

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

10
10

38
14
24

19
2
17

69
11
58

66
10
56

39
18
21

-

-

-

-

1
2

8
16

5
12

7
28

1
46

4
10

95
49
46
2
16
15

1
1
1

13
7
6
6

19
8
11
10

41
5
36
4
31

71
44
27
4
20

96
57
39
11
21

81
42
39
4
16

65
32
33
8
13

81
50
31
7
19

91
60
31
9
2

64
36
28
3

32
24
8
4

25
24
1
1
~

21
15
6
3
-

5
5
“

1
1
1
-

12
12
12

_
-

_
-

47
47
47

112
9
103
5
98

79
6
73
5
66

182
36
146
9
16
114

97
14
83
15
11
54

136
46
90
11
27
41

141
50
91
8
42
29

96
46
50
17
11
9

56
25
31
6
13
8

56
19
37
25
8
3

39
21
18
14
4
-

39
13
26
22
4
~

47
23
24
19
5
-

5
2
3
2
-

39
39
38
“

2
1
1
1
-

-

-

-

5
5
1

31
31
7

17
17
14

56
7
49
46

48
22
26
26

37
18
19
9

42
23
19
8

75
51
24
-

37
19
18
2

44
25
19
~

23
23

27

14
4
10

19
17
2

-

_

93.00
96.00
89.50
97.50
81.00

8 2 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 - 1 0 5 . 5 0
7 9 .5 0 - 1 0 1 . 5 0
8 4 . 0 0 - 1 1 9 .0 0
7 3 . 0 0 - 91.0 0

-

-

84.50
82.50
90.00
89.50
82.00
79.00
104.00 105.00
87.50
86.50
71.00
71.00

7 1 . 5 0 - 94.5 0
8 1 .5 0 - 1 0 0 . 5 0
6 9 . 5 0 - 91.50
9 0 . 0 0 - 1 1 8 .5 0
8 1 . 0 0 - 94.0 0
6 3 . 5 0 - 77.50

-

_
-

99.00 100.00
39.0
39.5 104.00 102.50
95.50
38.5
94.00
83.00
37.0
84.00

8 6 .0 0 - 1 1 1 . 0 0
9 5 . 0 0 - 1 1 0 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 - 1 1 2 . 0 0
8 0 . 5 0 - 88.50

_

_

38.5
39.0
38.5
40 .0
38.5
37.5

_

_
-

-

-

-

1
1
1

_
-

3
24
“

1
1
-

_

_

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS A ------

76

39.5

94.50

96.50

8 2 . 5 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0

-

-

~

-

3

7

1

16

6

2

12

13

6

3

3

1

-

3

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 3--------------------RETAIL TRADE----------------------------

2 74
238
44
77

40 .0
40 .0
40.0
39.5

74.50
71.50
95.00
62.50

72.50
70.00
95.00
62.50

6 1 . 0 0 - 88.00
6 0 . 0 0 - 83.00
9 1 .0 0 - 1 0 4 . 0 0
5 8 . 0 0 - 68.00

10
10

34
34

14
14

43
42

14
14
11

8
8
8

_
-

9
1

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

29

18
14
3
3

11
9
2

12

22
21
2
4

20
14
14

12

37
32
2
8

16
7
1

-

18
18
1
9

SWITCHBOARD 0 PERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM
ANU FACTUR I N G ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE-----------------------

359
198
161
69

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.5

79. 50
79. 50
80.00
83.50

80.00
79.00
81.50
83.00

7 3 . 0 0 - 86.50
7 2 . 0 0 - 85.00
7 3 . 5 0 - 88.00
7 7 . 0 0 - 88.50

2

8

18
14
4

68
51
17
13

83
39
44
18

33
13
20
14

6
3
3
3

7
5
2
2

5
5

_
-

5
2
3
3

-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

“

18
14
4
4

-

~

47
19
28
8

22
3
19

~

35
28
7
4

-

“

TABUL AT ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------

105
83

33. 0
38.0

91.00
84.50

89.50
83.00

7 3 . 0 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
7 0 . 0 0 - 98.50

.
-

_
-

21
21

9
9

7
7

9
9

8
8

2
2

15
10

10
10

-

6
2

_
-

1

_
-

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le.




-

2
_
.
-

_
.
-

-

-

8

-

1

9
5

-

4

-

3

-

-

_
-

9
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W o m en — Continued

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o re , M d. , N o v e m b e r 1966)

50

55

60

Number of workers rec eiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
*
$
4
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
70
65
75
80
85
90
95
100 105
110 115 120
125
130

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

2

2

4

8

4

8

15

9

5

3

1

1

16
16
16

44
3
41
34

53
5
48
40

62
11
51
47

44
15
29
25

17
13
4
3

37
16
21
4

18
11
7
2

6

_

_

2

12

(staridard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

Average
weekly
’standard)

*

4
45

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

——

%

140

150

$
160

150

160

over

and
under
50

rfOMEN -

4

and
120

125

130

140

CONTINUED

TABULAT ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -------------------------------------

63

38.5

$
83.50

$
86.50

$
$
75 .0 0- 93,00

TOANSCR IBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------FINANCE4------------------------------

301
74
227
171

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

74,00
80.00
72.50
68.50

73.00
81.50
71.00
69.50

6 6 . SO­
TS. 00—
6 5. 00 6 4 .0 0-

82.00
88.00
77.50
74.00

_

_

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------------MANiJFACTUR I N G ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S 3-------------FINANCE4-----------------------------

579
378
201
68
91

39.5
39.5
38.5
39.0
38.0

81.50
83.50
78.50
86.00
72.00

78.50
81.00
73.50
70.00
72.50

7 2 . 0 0 - 87.50
74. SO- 89.50
b S . 00- 83.50
6 7 .0 0- 117.00
6 7 .0 0- 77.00

_

_

-

“

12
l
9

18
6
12
2
9

75
28
47
32
12

110
66
44
3
32

101
76
25
l
16

96
79
17
1
8

42
31
11
3
3

1,2 59
405
854
32
56
110
610

38.5
39.5
38.0
40.0
39.5
39.0
37.5

69.00
76.00
65.50
73.50
70.00
71.00
62.50

67.00
74,50
64.50
67.50
69.00
69.50
62.00

6 1 .0 0- 76.00
6 7 .0 0- 86.50
59.0 0- 71.00
6 3 .0 0- 103.00
66 . 0 0 - 77.50
66. 00- 79.50
57. 50 - 67.50

86
86
8
78

173
17
156
2
5
3
146

271
60
211
10
5
11
185

2 30
58
172
9
24
37
95

170
74
96
1
4
4
80

98
47
51
1
10
23
16

70
39
31
14
6

57
28
29
4
9
3

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------NUNMANUFACTURING-----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------WHOLESALE TRADE---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------F I NANCE 4------------------------------1

-

_

-

-

-

1
_

1

-

i

-

1

-

-

20
19
1
-

26
1
25
25

2
1
l
“

1
1
-

2
2
~
~

-

-

1

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

~

-

-

~
-

6

-

-

2

36
32
4
1

16
14
2
1

10
10
-

12
12
-

87
76
11
4
1

6
4
2
-

4
1
3
3

2
1
1
1

1

~

-

-

-

'

-

“

1

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers.
The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half re cei ve less than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay, a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than
the higher rate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
5 May include workers other than those presented separately.
6 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.




10
T able A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—M en and W o m en

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs f o r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

60
M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

and
under

$

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

$
140

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

-

-

1
1
~

-

-

$

80

85

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Number
of
workers

9
9
-

$

65

70

_

75

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$
150

$
160

150

160

15
15

56
35
21

$

$

$

$

_

170

180

190

200

170

180

190

200

210

80
59
21

94
67
27

78
42
36

95
92
3

49
28
21

1
1

27
23
4

15
10
5

_

_

-

“

M
EN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------

478
349
129

$
$
$
$
40.0 167.00 168.00 154.00-182.50
40.0 167.50 168.00 154.50-183.50
40.0 166.50 168.50 153.50-174.50

DRAFTSMEN, a ASS 8 ------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------

568
448
120

40.0 141.00 141.00 127.00-153.50
40.0 141.50 141.50 129.00-154.00
40.0 138.50 133.50 124.00-152.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------

436
298
138

39.5 107.50 105.50
95. 50-120.00
39.5 105.50 103.00
93.50-118.00
40.0 112.00 110.50 101.50-129.00

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS--------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------

276
222

39.5
39.0

136
108

39.5 116.00 120,00 102.50-127.00
39.5 113.50 121.50 104.50-129.00

83.50
83.50

82.50
82.00

7 7 . 0 0 - 92.00
7 7. 00 - 92.00

1
1

12
12
15

31

13

21

55
50

18
18

14
11
3

40
35
5

95
55
40

104
83
21

124
109
15

74
55
19

56
48
8

35
19
16

45
23
22

32
28
4

56
42
14

49
19
30

2
1
1

1
1
“

12
7

6
4

8
8

45
38

15
14

7
7

2
2

6
5
1

44
44
“

43
21
22

47
41
6

64
42
22

71
61

16
12

36
24

35
28

2
~

7
2

18
14

13
12

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

“

_

_

_

_

“

~

~

13
13

1

_
-

W EN
OM
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------

~

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .

Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Baltimore, Md., November 1966)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number

of

workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number

of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Number
of
worker.

829
308
521
80
130

38.5
39.0
33.5
39.0
37.5

109.50
120.00
103.00
90.00
100.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------------------N0NM ANUFACTUR ING -----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE2------------------------------------

495
446
33
76
273

$
38.5
67.00
39.5
66.50
39.5 110.00
38.0
55.00
38.5
62.00

90.00
89.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8
M
ANU FACTUR I N G ---------------N0NM ANUFACTUR I N G -----------WHOLESALE TRA0E ---------RETAIL TRADE --------------FINANCE2-----------------------

916
327
589
126
138
145

39.0
39.5
38.5
40.0
39.5
38.0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONM ANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------FINANCE2 ----------------------------------------------

476
135
341
199

33.0
39.0
38.0
37. 5

75.50
82.00
70.50
68.50
70.50

83.50
92.50
73.50
90.00
69.00
75.00

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A —
NONMANUFACTURING----FINANCE2----------------

155
89
54

38.5
38.5
38.0

86.50
87.50
73.00

483
166
317
185
132

39.5
86.50
39.5
80.00
39.5
90.50
39.5 106.50
39. 5 67.50

120
90

40.0
40.0

$
72.50
69.00

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE)-----------------------------------------

58

39.0

72.50

80GKK Fc PING-M ACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------

117
71

38.5
38.0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------------N0NM ANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------RETAIL TRADE--------------------------FINANCF2------------------------------------

290
116
174
58
74

39.0
40. 0
38.5
33.5
38.0




Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTUR I N G ----------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------RETAIL TRADE --------------FINANCE2---------------------- -

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------N0NM ANUFACTUR ING ------------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end of table.

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average

Occupation and industry division

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------W
H0L ESAL E TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------

64.00
65.00
63.50
58.50

11
T ab le A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—M en and W o m e n C om bined— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o r e , M d., N o v e m b e r 1966)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L -----M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----NONMANUFACTURING —
R E T A IL TRADE ----

465
307
158
90

$
39.5 102.50
40.0 114.00
33.5
81.00
39.0
76.50

COMPTOMETER O PERATORS
MANJFACTUR I N G ----NONMANUFACTURING —
W H O LESALE TRADE R E T A IL TRADE ----

391
151
240
79
147

38.5
39.5
38.0
40.0
37.0

81.00
82.50
80.00
81.00
78.50

KEYPUNCH O PER A T O R S, C L A SS A
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------N O N M AN U FAC TURIN G --------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3-----F IN A N C E 2------------------

698
319
379
107
107

33.5
39.5
38.0
38.5
39.0

83.00
86.50
80.50
77.00
78.50

S E C R E T A R IE S . C LA SS C5-------------M A N U FA C TU RIN G ---------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING-----------------W HO LESALE TRADE ----------------R E T A IL T R A D E --------------------FIN A N C E2---------------------------

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
bouts 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
909
521
388
50
56
157

39.0 105.50
39.5 112.00
38.0
97.00
39.5 113.50
39.5
91.50
38.0
88.00

TABULAT ING-MACHINE O PERATO RS,
CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------N O NM ANUFACTURING----------F IN A N C E 2-------------------

721
409
312
68

142

39 .0
93.00
39.5
95.00
33.5
90.50
39.5 102.50
37.5
81.50

STEN O GRAPH ERS, GENERAL
M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----NONMANUF AC TURING —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3
W HOLESALE TRADE FIN A N C E2-----------

1,193
311
882
147
469

38.5
85.00
39.0
90.00
38.5
83.00
40 .0 105.50
38.5
87.50
37.5
71.00

STEN O G RAPH ERS, SEN IO R
M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----NONMANUFACTURING —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3
FIN A N C E2-----------

480
189
291
65
114

39.0
99.00
39.5 104.00
38.5
96.00
38.5
95.00
37.0
83.00

211

KEYPUNCH O PERA T O R St C L A SS B
MANUFACTUR I N G ------------N O NM ANU FAC TURIN G--------R E T A IL TRADE ----------F IN A N C E 2------------------

647
297
350
84
172

39. 0
39.5
39.0
39.5
38.0

81 .00
83.50
79.00
70.50
73.50

O F F IC E BOYS AND G IR L S ------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------NONM ANUF AC TUR I N G --------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3-----F IN A N C E 2------------------

307
122
185
63
63

39.0
40. 0
39.0
39.5
37.5

67.50
67.50
67.50
75.00
58.50

S E C R E T A R IE S 4 5
-----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------NONMANUFACTURING - - -----P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -----W HO LESALE TRADE ------R E T A IL TRADE -----------

FI NA N C E 2 -----------------

2,543
1,219
1,324
215
171
136
592

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.0

105.00
109.00
101.50
132.50
1 04.00
96.00
90,50

S E C R E T A R IE S , C LA SS A5----M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

157
77
80

38.5 115.00
39.0 119.50
38.0 111.00

T ABUL AT ING-MACHINE O PERATO RS,
C LA SS A ------------------------M A N U FA C TU RIN G ---------------

108
75

38. 5 118.00
39.0 124.00

S E C R E T A R IE S , C LA SS 95----M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------N O NM ANU FAC TURIN G--------F IN A N C E 2 -----------------

511
199
312
197

33.5 106.50
39.5 121.50
38.0
96.50
38.0
93.50

TABULAT ING-MACHINE O PERATO RS,
CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G --------------N O NM ANUFACTURING----------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3------- FIN A N C E2 --------------------

300
124
176
93
58

39.0 104.50
39.5 114.50
39.0
97.50
38.5
96.50
38.5
94.00

SWITCHBOARD O PERAT O R S,

C L A SS A

76

39.5

274
238
44
77

40.0
40 .0
40.0
39.5

74.50
71.50
95.00
62.50

SW ITCHBOARD O PER A T O R - R EC EPT IO N IS T S MANUFACTUR I N G ---------------------NONM ANUFACTURING-----------------WHOLESALE T R A D E -----------------

361
198
163
69

3 9 .0
39.0
38.5
39.5

80.00
79.5 0
80.50
83.50

301
74
227
171

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

74. 00
80.00
72.50
68.50

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS A ----M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----NONMANUFACTURING —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3
F IN A N C E 2-----------

633
379
254

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
38.0

8'+ . 5 0
83.50
8 6 .0 0
99.00
72.00

T Y P I S T S , C L A SS B -----MANUFACTUR I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3
WHOLESAL E TRADE R E T A IL T R A D E ----F IN A N C E2-----------

1,272
413
859
33
60
610

38.5
39.5
38.0
40.0
39.5
39.0
37.5

69.00
76.50
65.50
80.00
69.50
71.00
62.50

DRAFTSMEN. C LA SS A M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---NONM ANUF AC TUR ING ■

479
350
129

40.0 167.00
40.0 167.53
40.0 166.50

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS 8 •
M A N U FA C T U R IN G NONMANUF AC TUR ING

570
450

120

40.0 141.00
40.0 141.50
40.0 138.50

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS C M A N U FA C T U R IN G NONM ANUF AC TUR ING

445
303
142

39.5 107.50
39.5 105.50
40.0 112.00

D RAFTSMEN-TRACERS —
MANU FACTUR I N G NONM ANUF AC TUR ING

286
228
58

39.5
39.0
40.0

138

110

39.5 116.00
39.5 119.00

TRA N SC R IB IN G - M A C H IN E O PERATO RS,
GENERAL --------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ----------------NO NM ANUFACTURING-------------F IN A N C E 2----------------------

86

121
91

110

94.50

SWITCHBOARD O PERATO RS, C L A SS B ---NONM ANUF AC TUR I N G -----------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------R E T A IL TRADE ---------------------

$
89.50
97.50
83.00
77.50

N U R SES. IN D U S T R IA L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) --M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------

S E C R E T A R IE S , C LA SS O5
MANUFACTUR I N G ------NONM ANUFACTURING--W HOLESALE TRADE -FIN A N C E2 ------------

52

39 .0
39.5
38.5
38.5

161
75

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates),
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 May include wor kers other than those presented separately.
5 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




83.50
84.00
82.50

and the earnings

12
T able A -4.

Maintenance and P ow erplant Occupations

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs fo r m en in s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b asis
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o r e , M d. , N o v e m b e r 1966)
■Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

H
ourly earnings 1
$
2.00

Occupation and industry division

w
orkers

Mean1 M
2
4
3 edian 2

M
iddle range 2

$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
S
t
$
2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2. 70 2. 80 Z, . 90 3 . 00 3.10

2.10

Num
ber

2.20

2.30
5
5
-

6
3
3
-

1
1
-

9
1
8
-

21
4
17
-

9
8
1
-

47
5
42
36

40
22
18
18

9
6
3

-

1
1

1
1

10
10

2

33
30

~

3
l
2

Under
and
$
2 .00 under

$
3.50

$
3.60

2.80 2, 90 3,.00 3 . 10 3.20

3.5 0

3.60

3.7 0

3.8 0

5
2
3
-

35
35
-

37
37
-

4
4
-

2

22
14
8
1

qq
26
73

69
66
3

54
52
2

76
59
7

66
56
10

121
107
14

69
68
1

15
15

32
31
1

34
34
-

3
3
-

17
16
1

34
29
5

28
26
2

-

-

4
4

7
7

6
6

10
10

5
5

35

29

51

3

1

_

-

60
31
31

8
8

17
17

8
8

25
25

27
27

6
6

5
5

~

17
16
1
1

9
8
1
1

68
17
51
47

54
50
4
4

49
49
~

55
52
3
3

7
7
3
4

14
5
9
5

_
_

17
16
l
1

5
1
4
2

161
12
149
148

227
158
69
32
27

11
11

9
9

31
31

30
30

26
26
-

23
11
12

53
50
3

-

-

-

1
1

-

~

7
7

$
3.22
3.53
2. 88
2.92

$
2.883.132.702 .85-

$
3.60
3.68
3.22
3.21

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------M M ANUFAC TURING-----------------------fJN

730
600
130

3.41
3.47
3.13

3.43
3. 50
3.07

3 . 1 5 - 3.62
3 . 2 5 - 3.66
3 . 0 2 - 3.35

_
-

_
-

_
*

_
-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY--------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

313
237
76

3.23
3.31
2.95

3.25
3. 28
2. 92

2 . q 4 - 3. 62
3 . 1 0 - 3.62
2 . 5 9 - 3.69

8
8

_
-

_
-

3
3

2
2

9
8
1

17
11
6

18
2
16

9
9
-

2
2
~

26
13
13

FTRFMEN, STATIONARY BO IL ER -----------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------

97
83

2. 88
2.96

2.85
2.89

2 . 5 9 - 3. 26
2 . 7 4 - 3.32

5
3

_

_

-

3
-

-

-

-

1
~

17
13

4
-

13
13

13
13

9
9

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES----------NONM AN FACTUR I N G -----------------------U
PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 3
---------------------

570
148
114

2.73
2. 63
2. 71

2.73
2. 74
2.76

2 . 6 2 - 2. 97
2 . 5 0 - 2.79
2 . 7 2 - 2.91

26
10
3

9
1
1

15
6
6

9
8
2

18
4
4

22
8
1

12
6

149
2

100
72
66

29

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

143
143

3. 29
3. 29

3.24
3.24

3 . 0 9 - 3.55
3 . 0 9 - 3.55

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 3
---------------------

980
910
70
66

3.66
3.70
3.13
3. 14

3. 54
3.55
3.07
3.07

3.353.413.033.03-

_

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

~

-

-

~

~

~

~

“

22
22
-

_
-

_

_
-

-

5
5
-

_

-

_
-

3
3
-

-

-

2

-

2

3.30 3.40

5
4
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

15
15

19
19

-

5
5

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

121
120
1
1

235
226
9
9

43
43
~

23
23
-

11
11
-

7
7
“

101
101
-

4165
165
-

122
14
1 08
99
-

98
9
89
83
6

41
17
24
24

3
3
-

21
5
16
16
-

17
9
8
8
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

-

-

149
140
9

5
4
1

131
129
2

2 77
250
27

118
113
s

239
173
66

97
89
8

175
174
1

126
126
“

30
30
-

2
2

11
11

2
2

35
35

71
71

7
7

18
19

37
37

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
“

MTLLWRI GHTS-------------------------------------M
ANU FACTUR I N G -----------------------------

191
191

3.55
3. 55

3.55
3.55

3.473.4 7 -

3.74
3.74

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

OIL FRS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------

352
344

2. 96
2. 96

3. 03
3.04

2 . 8 1 - 3.19
2 . 8 2 - 3.19

_

_

“

-

15
15

4
4

2
2

13
13

15
15

7
7

29
21

39
39

41
41

44
44

52
62

49
49

24
24

8
8

-

“

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE--------------------M
ANU FACTUR I N G ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------

204
123
81

3.03
3.32
2. 60

3. 14
3.41
2.59

2 . 6 8 - 3.53
3 . 1 2 - 3.60
2 . 3 4 - 3.07

11

4

_

1

12

11

4

-

2

8

2

36
32

6

-

9
7

12

-

10
1

10

-

5
1

11

4

12

4

9

3

3

2

2

10
10
-

23
23
-

16
16
-

PIPFFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------

503
472

3. 49
3. 50

3. 53
3.54

3 . 2 1 - 3.77
3 . 2 2 - 3.78

_

_

_

_

-

-

8

-

-

-

"

2
2

-

-

2
2

4

-

-

7

SHE ET-M FT AL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE ~
MANUFACTURING-----------------------------

173
146

3.38
3.42

3.30
3. 34

3 . 1 9 - 3. 54
3 . 2 3 - 3.57

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

9
9

TOOL AN C DIE MAKERS-----------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------

388
380

3. 65
3.66

3.61
3.62

3 . 4 8 - 3.82
3 . 4 8 - 3.33

-

_
-

_

3 . 4 3 - 3.85
3 . 4 3 - 3.88
3 . 4 9 - 3.76

“

9
8
1

-

3.62
3.61
3.71

"

30
22
8

-

3. 58
3.59
3.51

1

9
9
“

_

1,533
1,390
143

-

_

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------

"

-

70
70
~

12
4
8

3.1 8 3.223.163.163.23-

“

4
2
2

26
23
3

3.27
3.26
3. 30
3. 31
3.29

-

-

-

-

3.28
3. 26
3.29
3. 32
3.27

-

over

21
21
-

741
252
489
392
66

-

-

4. 10

47
43
4
-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( MAINT FNANCE ) -------------------------------MANU FACTUR I N G ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 3
--------------------WHOLES AL E TRAOE----------------------

~

-

_

_

-

-

“

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

3

13
13
-

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

4

6

7
4
3

40
33

62
62

67
64

22
22

20
19

84
69

30
30

55
55

58
58

15
15

34
34

21
1

14

44
44

18
11

14
14

23
23

8
8

6
6

1
1

1
1

1
1

12
12

2
2

12

2

22

11

2

21

73
72

79
76

39
37

49
49

57
57

16
16

32
32

5
5

4
8

14

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Workers were distributed as follows: 3 at $4. 10 to $4. 20; 7 at $4. 30 to $4. 40; 79 at $4. 40 to $4. 50; 4 at $4. 50 to $4. 60; and 72 at $4. 80 to $4. 90.




3 .90 4.0 0

38
14
24
19

$
3,22
3.40
2. 93
2. 99

1
2
3
4

$
3 .80

27
25
2
2

369
225
144
78

3.40
3.30
3.42
3.41
3.53

$
$
$
3.90 4.00 4. 10

$
3.7 0

and
2.40 2.50 2.60 2. 70

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE-----------------MANU FACTUR I N G ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3
---------------------

4. 02
4. 0 4
3.11
3.13

$
$
$
3.2 0 3. 30 3 .4 0

-

-

3

_

-

13
Table A-5.

Custodial and M aterial M ovem ent Occupations

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a sis
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o r e , M d., N o v e m b e r 1966)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

H ourly earnings

$
1.00

Num
ber

Occupation1 and industry division

w
orkers

Mean3

Median3

M
iddle range3

*
1.00

$
1.10

$
(
1.20 1.30

1.20

1.30

%

1.40

115
111
51

$
1.28
1.24
1.34

$
1.31
1.30
1.36

$
$
1 . 0 7 - 1.43
1 . 0 6 - 1.42
1 . 3 1 - 1.42

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------

1.291
506
785

2.05
2.63
1.68

1.78
2.77
1.52

1 . 4 7 - 2.71
2 . 4 1 - 3 .0 4
1 . 3 8 - 1.95

400

2.80

2.84

2 . 6 6 - 3.09

106

1.96

1.75

1 . 5 8 - 2. 44

-

-

4,433
1,356
3,077
216
411
331

1.67
2. 24
1.42
?. 18
1.49
1.52

1.45
2. 32
1.29
2.05
1.^2
1.49

1.261.951.241.991.291.39-

2.08
2. 47
1.52
2.52
1.56
1.59

6
6

81
81

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

46

~

~

66
9

82
78

_

43

154

“

$
3.00

$
3.20

$
$
iS
3.40 :3.60 3.80

2.30 2.40 2 .6 0 2.8 0 3.00 3.20

3.40

3.80 over
3.60 ;

$
$
*
$
$
2.2 0 2,30 2.4 0 2.60 2.80

and
1.40 1.50

FLFVATHR OPERATORS* PASSENGER
(WOMEN) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE----------------------------

-

$

2 .10

and
under
1.10

-

%
$
S
$
$
$
1.50 1.6 0 1. 70 1. 80 1 .90 2.00

44
44
-

-

12
12

-

-

~

1.60

11
11
11

25
25
25

26
26
14

1
1
1

30
4
26

190
190

126
126

239
35
204

1.70 1 .8 0 1. 90 2 .00 2. 10 2 .20
-

-

-

30
18
12

25
20
5

12
9
3

-

-

5
3

35
12
23

3
1
2

36
18
18

36
1
35

8

1

18

1

1
1

-

2
-

-

-

-

10
5
5

102
47
55

147
102
45

92
86
6

87
69
18

5

22

102

86

59

-

-

-

-

78
78
“

1
1
“

_
-

_
-

78

1

“

GUARDS:

MANU FACT U IN G -----------------------------R
WATCHM E :
N
MANUFACTURING----------------------------J ANTTOR S» PORTERS. AND CLEANERS---MANUFACTURING-----------------------------NQNM AN FAC TU RIN G ------------------------U
--------------------P U a iC U T IL IT IE S 4
RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE 5
------------------------------------

8

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------PiJ a IC UTIL IT IES 4--------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

846
180
666
108
64

1.54
1.99
1.42
1.85
1.33

1.39
1.89
1.35
1.69
1.34

1.301.641.281.641.30-

1.67
2. 3 4
1.50
1.86
1.39

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ----------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4--------------------WHOLESALE TRADE----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

3,273
2,091
1,182
451
168
557

2.48
2.54
2.38
2.91
1.97
2.08

2. 58
2.54
2.62
2.94
1.79
1.98

2.122.311.792.681.391.64-

2. 97
2. 96
2. 97
3. 14
2.55
2. 63

-

_

-

-

-

-

ORDER F IL L E R S -------------------------- •
-----MANUFACTURING-----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

1 ,383
263
1,120
317
789

2.44
2.23
2.49
2.37
2.56

2.54
2. 14
2.56
2.49
2.85

1.961.592.042.121.97-

2.95
2.92
2. 96
2. 56
3.00

PACKERS, SHIPPING ---------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------WHOLESAL E TRADE-----------------------

42 7
202
225
163

2.23
2.03
2.40
2. 57

2.41
1. 71
2.55
3.01

1.551.441.842.14-

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) --------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

220
59
161
61

2.00
2.27
1. 91
1.58

1.96
1.69
1.98
1.56

RECEIVING CLERKS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

290
132
158
101

2.52
2.43
2.59
2.58

SHIPPING C LE RKS------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------

234
154
80

2. 71
2.66
2.79

154
17

-

6
6
6

55
3
52
6
46

-

-

-

2.99
2.56
3. 0 4
3.06

_
-

_
-

_
-

1.551.281.591.46-

2.25
3. 54
2. 23
1.68

_
-

_
-

-

19
19

-

-

-

-

-

-

2. 55
2.38
2.72
2.59

2.142.142.152.08-

2.93
2.75
3.12
3.15

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2.66
2.60
2.74

2 . 4 7 - 2. 92
2 . 4 4 - 2.88
2 . 5 3 - 3.23

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

43
-




-

9

9

4

-

-

108
63
45

117
58
59
31
5
6

180
59
121
94

78
63
15

72
84

56
25
31
10
8
7

2

8

1
7

256
5
251
37

71
20
51
5

39
13
26
4

98
17
81
64
-

29
27
2
1

43
10
33
30

13
12
1
-

1
1
-

90
17
73

89
55
34

-

-

73
57
16
16

167
82
85
25
60

92
32
60
17
43

94
48
46
12
34

284
76
208

-

12
18

-

25

-

-

10

-

-

125
117
8
1

354
333
21

231
184
47
36
10

33
9
24
21

193
175
18
8
10

51
46
5

_
-

_
-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

15
12
3
-

14
10
4

23
23

27
13
14
14

2
2

16
16

_

.

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

57
44
13
<
S
8

125
84
41
2
39

80
45
35

414
188
226
200
26

454
315
139
50
11
78

624
386
238
196
2
40

46
21
25

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

40
33

9
25

70
33
37
8
23

-

12
12
12

32
26
6
2
4

63
47
16
6
8

33
17
16
4
11

28
4
24
8
14

144
24
120
2
113

57
3
54
53

78
6
72
50
21

55
13
42
37
5

42
5
37
19
17

41
11
30
19
10

224
13
211
138
73

33
16
17
8
9

326
62
2 64
18
246

197
6
191
19 1

2
2
2

8
2
6
6
-

-

-

16
16
-

28
25
3
-

51
27
24
19

26
15
11
3

28
18
10
-

11
7
4
~

15
3
12
10

5
5
-

10
10
5

18
8
10
9

4
3
1
-

1
1
-

85
39
46
28

6
6
-

19
19
-

98
9
89
89

2
2
-

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

13
13
13

6
2
4
4

33
8
25
25

7
1
6
6

2
2

30
2
28

17
1
16
"

-

52

_

_

_

52
-

-

-

22
22
_

_

_

1
1
_

_

-

6
1
5
1

_

-

-

-

_

-

12
12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

8
2
6
6

17
7
10
2

12
9
3
3

11
8
3
3

11
2
9
9

24
14
10
6

16
4
12
10

29
26
3

21
14
7
6

55
19
36
4

20
15
5
2

38
5
33
33

17
6
11
9

3
1
2
2

-

-

-

8

1

1

7

-

-

7

48
27

29
25

1

8

61
44

17

-

1

1

13
2
11

13

-

7
7

8

-

3
1
2

17

21

4

12
1

15

“

’

See-footnotes at end of table,

18
81
26
55
9
19
27

290
46
244

2
2
-

-

27
47 3
58
415
7
71
87

4

46 1644
16
46 1628

-

11

-

-

“

'

-

-

-

-

35

13

348
305
43
5
6
32

8
“

319
306
13

"

7

-

25
-

-

_

2

42
42

7
7

21
21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
-

_
-

-

-

-

4

_

-

-

4
-

_

-

-

-

17
11

1

“

6

14
T ab le A-5.

Custodial and M aterial M ovem ent Occupations— Continued

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pations studied on an a re a basis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o r e , M d,, N o v e m b e r 1966)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

H ourly e a r n in g s1
2

Occupation 1 and industry division

N um b er
of
workers

M e an 3

M e d ia n 3

M iddle ran g e 3

$
1.00

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
<
6
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
t
$
$
t
%
$
1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1. 80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.4 0 2.60 2.8 0 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80
and
and
under

$
2.72
2.69

$
2.60
2.58

$
$
2 .5 1 - 3.11
2 .5 1 - 3.08

TRUCK DR IV EPS 6 ---------------------------- —
MANUFACTURING — -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4--------------- —
5
WHOLESALE TRADE----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

3,394
1,065
2,329
1,098
924
239

2.86
2.70
2. 94
3. 22
2. 78
2.59

3.04
2. 84
3.25
3. 34
2.92
2.67

2 .6 2 2 .5 0 2 .6 5 3 .3 0 2 .3 4 2 .0 5 -

3.33
3.05
3.35
3.37
3.28
3.15

TRUCK D IV E S, LIGHT (UNDER
R
R
1-1/ 7 TONS ) -------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE-----------------------

439
266
1 73

2.41
2.88
1.98
2.07

1 .8 8 2 .4 0 1 .4 8 1 .9 4 -

3.02
3.05
2.16
2.17

82

2.35
2.65
1.90
2.01

TRJCK DRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 -1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 T O N S !---------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - --------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S --------------------WHOLESAL E TRADE----------------------DETAIL TRADE----------------------------

795
221
5 74
215
259
93

2. 61
2. 37
2. 70
3. 28
2.42
2 .2 *

2. 65
2.63
2.65
3. 35
2.49
2.38

2 .2 6 1 .8 7 2 .3 9 3 .3 2 2 .3 1 1 .7 8 -

3.28
2.84
3.33
3.37
2.65
2.65

TRUCK CRIVE« S, HEAVY (OVFR 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ----------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBL IC UTIL IT IE S --------------------WHOLESAL E TRADE---------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------

1,242
200
1,042
575
3 57
105

3. IS
2.71
3. 27
3. 33
3.23
3. 08

3. 33
2.68
3.34
3. 35
3.40
3. 14

3 .1 7 2 .6 3 3 .2 8 3 .3 3 3 .2 2 3 .1 1 -

562
254
308

2.93
2. 88
2.98

3.07
3.01
3.25

2 .8 1 - 3.29
2 .5 9 - 3.07
2 .9 1 - 3.32

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L IF T )-----------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------

1,547
1,378
169
100

2.82
2.84
2. 66
3.02

2.92
2. 90
3. 04
3.06

2 .6 4 2 .6 4 2 .2 5 3 .0 2 -

TRUCK FPS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) --------------------------------------M
ANU FACT U IN G ----------------- ----------R

2 53
223

3. 10
3. 14

3.18
3.19

_
-

_
-

"

~

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

”

”

-

_

2 .9 3 - 3.44
2 .9 8 - 3.46

1
2
3
4
5
6

3.15
3.15
3.11
3.11

“

12
4

48
41

6
1

22
13

432
131
301
108
139
51

351
218
133
98
33
“

~

“

-

-

~

“

120
11?
7
~

9
9
-

_
-

_

_
-

93
86
7
2
5
“

10
6
4
4
~

205
20 5
196
9
~

_
-

122
100
22

45
41
4

125
4
121

12
10

4
~

30
86

718
28
690
575
111
4

184
184
184
“

43
12
31

80
36
44

79
57
22

55
25
30

78
16
62

59
11
48

45
19
26

73
28
45

4
“

-

-

14

4
17

29
2

30
14

17
5

21
3

46
li

45
~

20
6

34
11

185
112
73
16
54
3

20
3
12
4

18
18
~

17
17
~

10
10
”

13
12
6
4

8
6
2
~

23
12
11
10

22
9
13
7

40
10
30
25

19
19
17

5
5
5

15
10
5
5

51
39
12
5

12
8
4
”

32
30
2
“

32
10
22

_

54
15
39

48
45
3

15
13
2

14
5
9

2?
3
19

16
5
11

46
9
37

4
12

-

30
q

2
1

2
~

-

18
~

5
6

29
8

63
3
60
8
49
3

173
21
152
5
106
41

9
6
3

8
8

-

-

“

4

~

-

-

_
-

3
3

9
19
1
18

2
2
-

-

15

-

-

-

3
_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

18

-

-

-

-

18

_

“

42
10
32

_

_

-

_

_

25

3

3

15

_

_

-

_

-

25

3

3

15

-

-

3

29
20
9

22
13
9

15
15
-

37
36
1
1

1

51
51
-

1
1

-

3

15
15

-

1
1
_

~

_

_

12
12

over

184
184
184

17
17

4
4

28
15

3.40 3.60 3.80

382 1247
247
135
135 1112
14 862
30 234
16
86

22
22

7
7

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes all d rivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




2
2

l

20
8
12

3.38
2.86
3.39
3.38
3.45
3.18

TRUCK C IVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
R
OTHER THAN TRAILER T Y P E )----------M
ANU FACTUR I N G ----------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING------------------------

_
-

1

i

\

5
5

O

138
95

3.00

(V

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ------NONM ANJFACTUR IN G ------------------------

o
0
0
Cj
v

1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1,60 1.70 1.80 1. 90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.60

-

*
_
-

-

-

'
_

_

-

-

-

~

'

6
6
-

3
3

60
50
-

22
1
21

71
47
24

105
105
-

249
32
217

_

_

_

-

-

~

34
33
1
1

18
13

118
112
6

275
268
7
1

312
305
7
7

350
263
87
87

199
180
IP
1

51
51
-

2
2
-

~

11
11
“

34
14

32
32

51
51

36
28

55
55

28
28

_

2

-

“

_

_

'

15

B.

Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary W age Provisions
Table B-l.

Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(D istrib u tio n of establish m ents studied in a ll in d u stries and in in du stry d ivis ion s b y m inim u m en trance s a la ry fo r sele c te d c a te g o rie s
of in exp erien ced w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , B a ltim o re , M d., N o vem b er 1966)
In ex p erien ced typists
M anufacturing
M in im u m w eek ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 1

A ll
in dustries

Other in e x p erien ced c le r ic a l w o rk e rs 2

Nonm anufacturing

M anufacturing

Based on standard w eek ly hours 3 of—
A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

37VZ

A ll
in du stries
A ll
schedules

40

Nonm anufacturing

Based on standard w eek ly hours 3 of—
40

A ll
schedules

37V2

40

E sta b lish m en ts stu d ied _________________________________________

216

78

XXX

138

XXX

XXX

216

78

XX X

138

XXX

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts h aving a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ________________

95

39

31

56

8

35

104

39

31

65

12

39

_
7
3
19
7
12
9
6
4
5
2
3
7
3
1
2
2
2
1

_
2
4
2
4
4
4
1
5
2
1
2
3

_
1
4
2
4
2
3
4
2
1
3

_
5
3
15
5
8
5
2
3
2
5

_
1
2
1
3
1
_
_
_
-

_
4
8
3
5
3
3
2
4

1
13
6
18
5
20
8
6
4
4
4
1
3
4

_
3
2
2
1
8
4
4
2
2
2

-

-

2
1
2
-

2
1
2
"

_
2
2
2
1
7
2
2
1
2
2
_
1
2
2
1
2
-

1
10
4
16
4
12
4
2
2
2
2
1
1
2
_
1

1
1
2
2
_
4
1
_
_
_
1
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
6
_
11
2
7
3
_
2
2
1
1
_
2
_
_
1

_

_

_

1

-

1

E sta blish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ______________

43

16

E sta blish m en ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o rk e rs
in this c a t e g o r y __________________________________

78

23

$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50
$75.00
$77.50
$80.00
$82.50
$85.00
$87.50
$90.00
$92.50
$95.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
unde r
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
unde r

$ 5 0 .0 0 _________ __________ __ ________
$ 5 2 .5 0 ________ ____ ______ _____
$5 5 .0 0 ______________________________ ___
$5 7 .5 0 ___________________________________
$6 0 .0 0 ___________________________________
$6 2 .5 0 ___________________ ___________ __
$6 5 .0 0 ______________________ ____________
$ 6 7 .5 0 _____________________ —
_______
$ 7 0 .0 0 ____________ ___________________ _
$ 7 2 .5 0 ______________________________ ___
$ 7 5 .0 0 _____________________________ ____
$ 7 7 .5 0 _____ ________ ________________
$ 80 .00__________________ ___ _________
$82.50_ ______________________ ______ _
$ 8 5 .0 0 ____________________________________
$ 8 7 .5 0 _______________ ________ _____
$ 9 0 .0 0 _______ ___
__
___ __
$92.50
$95.00
__
_
_____________
$ 9 7 .5 0 _____ ______________________ ____

________

-

-

-

1

2
2
2
1

2
2
_
2
1
2
-

XXX

XX X

55

20

XXX

35

XX X

XXX

XXX

XX X

57

19

XX X

38

XX X

XXX

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

.

_

1

"

XXX

27

XX X

55

-

T h ese s a la r ie s r e la te to fo r m a lly establish ed m inim um startin g (h irin g ) re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s that a re paid fo r standard w ork w eek s.
Exclu des w o r k e r s in s u b c le ric a l jobs such as m e ssen ger o r o ffic e g ir l.
Data a re p resen ted fo r a ll standard w orkw eeks combined, and fo r the m ost com m on standard w ork w eek s re p orted .




16




T a b le B -2.

S h ift D iffe r e n t ia ls

(S hift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m an u facturing plant w o r k e r s by type and amount o f d iffe re n tia l,
B a ltim o re , M d. , N o v e m b e r 1966)
P e r c e n t o f m anufacturing plant w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

In esta b lish m en ts h aving fo rm a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on—

Second sh ift
w ork

T h ird o r other
sh ift w ork

Second shift

T h ir d o r o th er
sh ift

T o t a l---------------------------------------------------------------

89. 3

79. 1

18. 5

10. 2

W ith sh ift pay d i ff e r e n t ia l-------------------------------

84. 8

79. 1

17. 3

10. 2

U n ifo rm cents (p e r h o u r )----------------------------

50. 0

46. 6

12. 0

7. 8

4 o r 4 V2 c en ts---------------------------------------5 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------5 V2 , 6, o r 7 c e n t s __________________________
8 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------9 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------10 c en ts-------------------------------------------------11 c en ts_______________________________________
12 cen ts-------------------------------------------------12V2 > 13, o r 131 3 c en ts-------------------------2
/
14 c en ts-------------------------------------------------15 c en ts-------------------------------------------------16 c en ts_______________________________________
17V2 cen ts ____________________________________
18 cents and o v e r ___________________________

.9
2. 5
3.9
27. 4
.6
7. 8
.8
1.3
2. 2
1.6
.4
.6

U n ifo rm p e r c e n t a g e -----------------------------------5 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------------6 p e r c e n t _____________________________________
7 p e r c e n t _____________________________________
7V2 p e r c e n t __________________________________
10 p e rc e n t---------------------------------------------15 p e rc e n t____________________________________

_

_

2. 5
.9
1. 3
1.4
2. 8
1. 4
23. 8
3. 0
2. 9
.3
2. 5
.6
3. 1

.2
.7
1. 1
7. 1
.2
1. 8
.3
. 1
. 1
.3
.2

.2
.3
.3
4. 6
.4
.3
( 2)
.5
. 1
.3

30. 0

27. 6

4. 6

2. 2

6. 5
.8
5. 3
.6
14. 8
1.9

5. 3
.6
20. 9
.8

.8
.2
.8
.2
2. 2
.3

.3
. 1
1.9
( 2)

O ther fo r m a l pay d iffe r e n t ia l_________________

4. 8

4. 8

.7

. 1

W ith no sh ift pay d iff e r e n t ia l---------------------------

4. 5

.6
.2
-

1. 2

1 In clu des esta b lish m e n ts c u rr e n tly o p era tin g la te sh ifts, and esta blish m en ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts
even though they w e r e not c u rr e n tly o p era tin g la te sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p ercen t.

17

T a b le B-3.

Scheduled W e e k ly H o u rs

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p lan t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B a lt im o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1966)

P la n t w o r k e r s
W eek ly hours

A ll
in d u stries1
2

100

Under 35 h o u r s __________ _______________ _________
35 h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v e r 35 and under 3 7 V 2 h o u rs ___________ __
_______
__________ ___ _
3 7 V 2 h ou rs__________
O v e r 371/z and under 40 h o u rs _____ ___________
40 h o u r s ___________________ _______________ _____
O v e r 40 and under 48 h ou rs______________________
48 h o u r s ___________________ _______________________
O v e r 48 h ou rs______________________ ______________

1
2
3
4
5
6

1
(6)
1
4
2
85
3
3
1

M anu­
fa ctu rin g

100

1
1
4
( 6)
88
4
2

Pu b lic
u tilitie s 3

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W h o lesa le
tra d e

R e ta il
trade

100

100

-

-

-

-

-

100

89
7
4

100

-

-

7
10
75
2
6

A ll
Manu­
in du stries 4 factu rin g

100

3
3
6
19
4
64
( 6)
( 6)

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

100

100

1

1
24
75
-

-

18
5
75
1

W h o lesa le
trade

100

-

12
9
79
_
-

R e ta il
tra d e

100

5
16
_
78
( 6)

F in an ce5

100

4
9
22
22
7
37
_
-

Scheduled hours a re the w eek ly hours which a m a jo rity of the fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s w e re expected to w o rk , w heth er th ey w e r e paid fo r at s tra ig h t-tim e o r o v e rtim e ra tes.
In clu des data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown sep a ra te ly.
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
In clu des data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown sep a ra te ly.
F in a n c e, in su ra n ce, and re a l estate.
L e s s than 0.5 p ercen t.




18

T a b le B-4.

P aid H olidays

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in industry- d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , B a l t i m o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1966)

Plan t w o r k e r s
Item

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________

A ll
in d u stries1

____________________

W o rk e rs in establish m en ts p rovid in g
paid h o lid a y s __________________________ _________
W o rk e rs in establish m ents p rovid in g
no paid h o lid a y s __________________________________

M anu­
factu rin g

Pu b lic
u t ilitie s 1
2

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W holesa le
trade

R e ta il
tra de

A ll
Manu­
industries 3 factu ring

Pu b lic
u t ilit ie s 2

W h o lesa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

99

100

98

94

99

100

100

100

99

100

2

6

( 5)

3

( 5)

1
2
( 5)
19
2
27
1
1
27
1
( 5)
11
( 5)
3
( 5)
1
( 5)

2
8
2
36
1
2
28
1
16
1
1
( 5)
“

2
21
52
2
23
( 5)
~

3
11
33
4
8
4
13
16
3
2
(5)
"

2
63
(5)
7
22
“

(5)
12
3
( 5)
1
16
1
1
( 5)
28
1
2
10
2
17
(5)
4
1
(5)

1
9
4
1
31
1
1
37
1
12
1
(5)
2
“

( 5)
5
55
1
1
37
(5)

1
13
16
16
3
10
31
4
5
1
”

_
( 5)
78
1
10
11
~

2
2
5
3
11
13
8
42
14
1

_

_
(5)
1
1
3
3
19
20
50
51
87
90
97
99
99
99

_
(!)
( 5)
24
24
26
26
78
78
98
98
100
100
100
100

_
(5)
2
5
21
21
35
39
47
51
95
98
98
98

_
22
22
29
29
92
92
92
94

(5)
1
5
5
22
24
37
37
66
68
84
88
99
99
99
99

2
2
2
3
3
15
16
54
55
87
91
99
100
100
100

(!)
(!)
(!)
( 5)
38
38
39
39
95
95
99
99
100
100
100
100

1
6
10
41
41
51
53
69
86
99
100
100
100

11
11
21
22
99
99
99
99

1
1
14
14
57
65
78
78
89
93
96
98
100
100
100
100

(5)

N u m ber of days
L e s s than 5 h o lid a y s ______________________________
5 h o lid a y s ______________ __________________________
5 h olida ys plus 2 h alf d a y s ------------ --------------6 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
6 h olidays plus 1 h alf day_________________________
6 h olida ys plus 2 h alf d a y s ____________________
6 h olidays plus 3 h alf d a y s --------- ----------------7 h o lid a y s _____________________ ________ _________
7 h olida ys plus 1 h alf day_________________________
7 h olidays plus 2 h alf d a y s -------------------------- _
7 h olidays plus 6 h alf d a y s __________________ ___
8 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
8 h olidays plus 1 h alf day-------------------------------8 h olida ys plus 2 h alf d a y s -----------------------------9 h o lid a y s ____________________________ ________ —
9 h olidays plus 1 h alf day-----------------------------10 h olid a y s________________ _______________________
10 h olidays plus 1 h alf d a y -----------------------------11 h olid a y s---------------- ---------------------------------11 h olida ys plus 1 h alf d a y _______________________
12 h olid a y s__________________________________________

T o ta l h olid a y tim e 6
12 days____________________________ _____ _________
I I V 2 days o r m o r e ________________________________
11 days o r m o re ___________________________________
IO V 2 days o r m o r e ________________________ ______
10 days or m o re ___________________________________
9 V 2 days o r m o re __________________________________
9 days or m o r e ____________________________________
—
8 V 2 days o r m o re _____________________________
8 days or m o r e __________________ ________________
7 V 2 days or m o re ______________________
_________
7 days or m o r e ____________________________________
6 V 2 days or m o re __________________
_____________
6 days or m o r e ___________________________ _________
5 days or m o r e _________________________ _________
3 days o r m o r e _______________________________ ___
1 day o r m o re -------------------------------------------------

( 5)
1
1
4
4
15
16
45
46
73
75
94
96
96
97

“

1 Includes data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown sep ara tely.
2 T ran sp o rta tion , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
3 Includes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown sep a ra te ly.
4 Fin a n ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate.
5 L e s s than 0.5 p ercen t.
6 A l l com binations of fu ll and h alf days that add to the same amount a re com bined; fo r ex a m p le, the p rop o rtio n of w o rk ers re c e iv in g a total of 9 days in clu des those
w ith 9 fu ll days and no h a lf days, 8 fu ll days and 2 h alf days, 7 fu ll days and 4 h alf days, and so on. P r o p o rtio n s w e re then cum ulated.




19

T a b le B-5.

P a id V a c a t io n s 1

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v is io n s , B a lt im o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1966)

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a ca tion p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------

M anu­
A ll
in du stries 2 factu rin g

Pu b lic
u tilitie s 3

W ho lesa le
tra de

R e ta il
trade

A ll
Manu­
in d u stries 4 factu rin g

P u blic
u tilitie s 3

W h o lesa le
trade

R e ta il
tra de

Finance 5

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
93
5

100
93
7

100
100
-

100
89
11
-

100
100

100
99
( 6)
( 6)

100
99
( 6)
-

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

13
46
12
( 6)

25
1
72
( 6)
1

24
1
72
_
3

41

5
4
87
1
2

8
_
87
_

2
30
68
_

5
_
95
_

5

"

-

-

1

5
_
91
4
-

5
( 6)
94
_
-

_
97
3
-

4
93
4

5
( 6)
94
_

_
97
3

M eth od of paym ent
W o rk e rs in esta b lish m en ts p rovid in g
paid v a c a tio n s ____________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t---------------------------P e r c e n ta g e paym en t----------------------------------F la t-s u m p a y m e n t------------------------------------O t h e r ------------------ -------------- ---------------------W o rk e rs in esta b lish m en ts p rovid in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ------------------------------------------

-

-

-

( 6)

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
52
5

_
42
1

36
16

60
8
_

"

-

-

5
51
34
1

59

-

13
_
87
_

-

-

“

Am ount of va ca tio n pay 7
A ft e r 6 months of s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k ------------ ----------------------------------1 w eek
_____ __
__ __ __ ___ ___________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s _ --------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________________________________________

_
30

15
10
2

-

-

75
6
14
1
2

81
5
10
1
3

67

50
5
38
2
3

59
7
28
1
5

26
8
66
_

11
11
71
2
3

11
16
67
2
5

11
11
71

11
16
67

2

3

-

.
19
6

43
7

-

17
12
2

-

-

_

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
1 v ip p V

O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------- -------------------- — ------ _

43

-

-

32

52

73
13
14

-

-

-

( 6)

-

-

-

49
10
41
_
-

2
_
98
_
-

A ft e r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________________
______________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------2 w e e k s _____________________________________ ______________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________
____________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________________________

34
-

34
-

66
_

66
_

( 6)

-

-

3

15
15
70

11
_
89
_

( 6)
96
3
-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------- ----------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w eek s ______________ _________________ ____________

_

7
3
90
_

( 6)

-

-

2
( 6)
93
2
3

3
97

14
15
71

7
3
90

2
( 6)
93

1
1
89

1
_
99

2

-

-

-

2

2

_

5

( 6)

3

7

-

97
_

1

1

_

89
2
7

99
-

A ft e r 4 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eek s __________________ _________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------------3 w eek s ______________ .____________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




-

20

T a b le B-5.

P a id V a c a t io n s 1
—

C ontinu ed

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v is io n s , B a lt im o r e , M d . , N o v e m b e r 1966)

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o rk e rs
V a ca tion p o lic y

A ll
in d u stries

i

Manu­
factu rin g

Pu b lic
u t ilitie s 3

W h o lesa le
tra d e

R eta il
trade

Manu­
A ll
in du stries 4 factu rin g

P u blic
u tilitie s 3

W h o lesa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

Fin ance 5

Amount of va ca tion pay 7— Continued
A ft e r 5 ye a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under Z w eeks — -------------------------Z w e e k s ___________________________________________ —
O ver Z and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------- ------------ - ---------------

6
1
83
4
5
( 6)

5
85
5
6
-

_
99
-

5

4
15
16
65
-

_
5Z

( 6)

6
69
Z5
-

6
3
87
4
-

1
( 6)
86
3
10
-

( 6)
88
( 6)
11
-

6

15
Z
80
Z
1

99
( 6>
-

1
-

65
34
-

Z
96
3
-

88
10
Z
-

A ft e r 10 ye a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under Z w e e k s ________________________
Z w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------O ver Z and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s - ----------------------- —
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------

-

ZO
1Z
61
_
1

(6)

-

-

40
15
19
Z1

11
3
79
( 6)

1
( 6)
34
1
61
1
Z

( 6)

6
Z8
19
Z6
Z1

6
11
83
( 6)

1
3Z
1
63
Z
Z

( 6)
14
1
80
4
1

1
6
1
83
1
9

-

48
( 6)

6

( 6)
-

_

1

-

-

71

40

Z
-

-

54
46
-

_
47
53
-

-

-

Z9
-

Z9
4
Z7

11
( 6)
85
1

-

1
34
Z
33
4
Z7

Z
11
86
1

( 6)
6

_
1

1
Z4

Z
11

-

-

-

-

83
1
9

99

43

85

-

-

-

( 6)

33

Z

( 6)
6

_

1
Z4

z

_

11

Z

-

-

A ft e r 1Z ye a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------------- ------------------------------------------Z w e e k s ----------------------- ------ ------------------------O ver Z and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ------------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------

5
17
1Z
63
_
1

4
13
16
66
-

5
6
1
77
4
5

4
4
1
81
6
5

5
6
1
5Z
6
Z6
Z

4
3
1
57
9
Z5
1

5
6
1
Z6
3
53
4

4
3
1
Z7
4
56
4

(6)

_
43
57
-

_
69
31
-

-

A ft e r 15 ye a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek _______________________________________________
Z w e e k s ----------- -------- ----------------- -------- —
O ver Z and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------- --------------------- -------------- O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ------------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------

_
-

6
Z5

6
11

-

-

-

98

44

81

_

_

-

Z

Z5

Z

6
Z5

6
11

_
2

3
9Z
1
Z

A ft e r ZO ye a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------- — --------------- -------------Z w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver Z and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks _ ___________ ________
4 w e e k s --- ----------------- — _____________________
O ver 4 w e e k s ------------ -------------- ------------ —

_
-

-

-

51

36

50

-

-

-

49
-

1Z
Z1

33
( 6)

-

6
Z3

6
11

-

-

-

Z3
11
16
Z1

35

1
6
(6)
50
( 6)
40
3

-

1
-

-

-

-

Z9
1
6Z
Z

6Z

18

73

83

-

-

-

38
-

30
Z7

13
1

15
-

( 6)
6

_

1

1
16

Z
11

Z

-

-

-

-

-

43

-

A ft e r Z5 ye a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------Z w e e k s ______________________ _________ _______
O ver Z and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s -------------------------- ----------------------------O ver 4 w eeks ...........................................................

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .




_
1
_

99

_

46
Z

1
5
(6)
Z5

Z3

1

-

-

21
-

Z9

_

64
4

67
4

99

26

56
Z

31

-

_

-

55
1

21

T a b le B-5.

P aid Vacations1 Continued
—

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v is io n s , B a lt im o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1966)

O ffic e w o rk e rs

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a ca tio n p o lic y

M anu­
A ll
in du stries 1 fa ctu rin g
2

Pu b lic
u tilitie s 3

W h olesale
trade

R e ta il
trade

A ll
M anu­
in d u stries 4 fa ctu rin g

P u blic
u t ilitie s 3

W h o lesa le
trade

R e ta il
tra d e

F inane e 5

Am ou nt of va ca tion p a y 7— Continued

M axim u m va ca tio n a va ila b le 8
1 w e e k ________________________________ — -------2 w e e k s ------ ---------------------------- ----- ----------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________ ________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _____________ ________
4 w e e k s __ - ___
_________ ~ — -------- _ O v e r 4 w e e k s — ---------- ---- ---- -------- --------

5
6
1
26
3
52
5

4
3
1
27
4
56
4

_
-

1
89
10

6
23
-

23
11
16
21

6
11
-

35
46
2

1
5
( 6)
25
( 6)
65
4

( 6)
6
23
67
4

_
1
1
99

1
16
-

27
25
31

2
11
29
56
2

_
2
_
40
_
58
1

1 In clu des b a s ic plans only.
Excludes plans such as v a ca tio n -sa vin gs and those plans w hich o ffe r "ex te n d e d " or "s a b b a tic a l" b en efits beyond b a sic plans to w o rk ers
w ith q u alifyin g lengths of s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of such exclu sions a re plans in the steel, aluminum , and can in d u stries.
2 Inclu des data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry division s shown sep a ra te ly.
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
4 Includes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown sep ara tely.
5 F in a n ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.
6 L e s s than 0.5 percen t.
7 Includes paym en ts other than "len gth of t im e ," such as p ercen tag e of annual earn in gs or fla t-s u m paym en ts, co n verted to an equ ivalen t tim e b a sis; fo r exam ple,
a paym en t of 2 p e rc e n t of annual earn in gs was con sidered as 1 w eek 's pay. P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily chosen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in dividu al p r o ­
v is io n s fo r p r o g re s s io n s .
F o r exam ple, the changes in p rop o rtio n s in dicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include changes in p ro v is io n s o ccu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a rs .
E s­
tim a tes a re cu m u lative. Thus, the
p rop o rtio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay or m o re a fte r 5years includes those who r e c e iv e 3 w eek s ' pay or m o re a fte r fe w e r years of s e r v ic e .
8 F ig u r e s shown a lso indicate the p rovis ion s after 30 ye a rs of s e r v ic e .




22
T a b le B-6.

H e a lth , Insurance, and P en sio n Plan s

(P e r c e n t of plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in du stries and in in du stry d ivis io n s em ployed in establishm ents p ro v id in g
health, in su rance, or pension b en efits, 1 B a ltim o re , M d ., N o vem b er 1966)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o rk e rs
Type of b en efit

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------

Manu­
A ll
in d u stries 2 fa ctu rin g
1

Pu b lic
u tilitie s 3

W ho lesa le
tra de

R e ta il
trade

100

100

100

100

100

A ll
Manu­
in du stries 4 factu rin g

P u blic
u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

W h o lesa le
tra d e

100

R e ta il
tra d e

Fin ance 5

100

100

99

W o rk ers in establish m ents p rovid in g :
90

98

100

92

68

96

98

100

95

71

43

47

47

39

27

44

54

29

61

47

34

89

98

85

82

79

81

94

72

95

89

60

Sickness and accident in su ra n ce------------Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w a itin g p e r io d )----------------------------- ----Sick le a v e (p a rtia l pay or
w a itin g p e r io d )------------------------------------

75

92

60

31

39

47

75

32

18

50

16
47

H o s p ita liza tio n in su ra n ce--------------------------S u rgica l in su ra n ce_____________________________
M ed ica l in s u ra n c e -------------------------------------Catastrophe in su ran ce-------------------------------R etire m e n t pen sion ------------------------------------No health, insurance, o r pension plan______

L ife in s u ra n c e __________________ _____________
A ccid e n ta l death and d ism em b erm en t
in su ra n ce______________________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick le a v e or b o th 67 ---------------------- ------

14

6

53

51

21

52

51

69

74

19

13

9

11

6

30

6

6

1

13

27

2

86
86
56
37
85
4

96
96
62
36
91

100
100
86
83
81

74
63
56
49
69
6

61
61
29
22
87
6

86
87
72
75
88
1

97
97
76
66
92

100
100
97
95
69

88
87
77
73
85

77
77
54
56
93
5

66
70
66
85
93

O

1
1 Includes those plans fo r which at lea st a pa rt of the cost is born e by the e m p lo y e r, except those le g a lly requ ired, such as w o rk m e n 's com pensation, s o c ia l sec u rity ,
and r a ilr o a d re tire m e n t.
2 Includes data fo r re a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown sep ara tely.
3 T ran sp o rta tion , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
4 Includes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis io n s shown sep a ra te ly.
5 F in an ce, insu rance, and re a l estate.
6 Unduplicated tota l of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g sick lea ve or sick ness and accident insurance shown sep a ra te ly below . Sick lea ve plans a re lim ite d to those w hich d e fin ite ly
esta b lish at le a s t the m inim u m num ber of days' pay that can be expected by each em p loy ee. In fo rm a l sick lea ve allow an ces d eterm in ed on an in dividu al b a sis a re excluded.
7 L e s s than 0.5 percen t.




23

T a b le B-7.

H e a lth In su ran ce B en efits P r o v id e d E m p lo ye es and T h e ir D e p en d en ts

(P e r c e n t o f plant and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in d u stries and in in du stry d ivis ion s em p loyed in establish m ents p rovid in g health in su rance ben efits
co verin g em p loy ees and th e ir dependents, B a ltim o re , M d., N o vem b er 1966)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T ype o f b en efit, c o v e r a g e , and financing 1

M anu­
A ll
in du stries 1 fa ctu rin g
2

P u blic
u tilitie s 3

W h o lesa le
tra d e

R e ta il
trade

A ll
M anu­
in d u stries 4 fa ctu rin g

Pu b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o lesa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra de

Fin ance 5

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

H o sp ita liza tio n in su ra n ce--------------------------C o v e r in g e m p lo y ees o n ly ----------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ---------------------------Join tly fin a n ced --------------------------------C o v e r in g em p lo y e e s and th e ir
d ep en d en ts-----------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ---------------------------Join tly fin a n ced --------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin anced fo r em p loyees;
jo in t ly fin anced fo r dependents--------

86
16
15
1

96
13
13
-

100
37
37
-

74
25
14
12

61
18
18
-

86
21
20
1

97
17
16
1

100
38
38
-

88
12
10
2

77
77
17
1

66
23
23
-

70
44
22

83
56
22

63
36
24

48
16
31

43
21
19

66
27
31

80
42
27

62
37
23

76
12
60

60
8
51

43
5
29

5

3

1

2

7

11

1

3

( 6)

10

S u rgica l in su ra n c e------------------------------------C o v e r in g e m p lo y ees o n ly ----------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ______________________
J o in tly fin a n ced --------------------------------C o v e r in g em p lo y e e s and th eir
d ep en d en ts-----------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ______________________
Join tly fin a n ced --------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin anced fo r em p loyees;
jo in tly fin a n ced fo r dependents--------

86
16
15
( 6)

96
13
13
-

100
37
37
-

63
15
14
1

61
18
18
-

87
20
20
1

97
17
16
1

100
38
38
-

87
11
10
( 6)

77
17
17
1

70
23
23
-

70
44
22

83
56
22

63
36
24

48
31

43
21
19

67
28
31

80
42
28

62
37
23

76
12
60

60
8
51

47
8
29

4

5

3

1

2

7

11

1

3

( 6)

10

56
13
13
( 6)

62
14
14
-

86
37
37
-

56
6
5
1

29
2
2
-

72
16
16
( 6)

76
13
12
1

97
38
38
-

77
5
5
( 6)

54
3
3
-

66
19
19
-

44
24
18

49
29
18

49
22
24

50
23
27

27
13
14

55
23
29

62
35
26

59
34
23

72
15
56

51
8
43

47
8
29

-

3

( 6)

1

75
19
18
2

66
12
8
4

95
38
38
( 6)

73
7
7
-

56
3
3
-

85
32
32
-

56
21
28

54
16
27

57
56
-

66
17
45

53

53
8
38

7

11

1

3

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------

W o rk ers in esta b lish m en ts p rovid in g:

M e d ic a l in su ra n c e------------------------------------C o v e r in g e m p lo y ees o n ly ----------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ______________________
J o in tly fin a n ced --------------------------------C o v e r in g e m p lo y ees and th eir
d ep en d en ts-----------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ______________________
Join tly fin a n ced --------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin anced fo r em p loyees;
jo in tly fin anced fo r dependents-------C atastroph e in su ra n c e-------------------------------C o v e r in g e m p lo y ees o n ly ----------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ---------------------------J o in tly fin a n ced --------------------------------C o v e r in g em p lo y ees and th eir
d ep en d en ts_________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ced —-------------------------Jo in tly fin a n ced --------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin anced fo r em p loyees;
jo in t ly fin anced fo r dep en d en ts_____

4

16

1

1

3

37
9
8
( 6)

36
7
7
-

83
39
37
2

49
8
8
-

22
2
2
-

29
12
14

29
11
14

44
43

41
18
22

20
20

3

4

1

-

1

10

-

53

7

1 Inclu des plans fo r w hich at lea st a part o f the cost is borne by the e m p lo y e r.
See footnote 1, table B -6 .
An establish m en t was c o n s id ere d as p rovid in g ben efits
to em p lo y ees fo r th e ir dependents if such co v e ra g e was a va ila b le to at le a s t a m a jo r ity of those em p loy ees one would u su ally expect to have dependents, e. g. , m a r rie d
men, even though they w e re le s s than a m a jo rity of a ll plant or o ffic e w o r k e r s .
The em p lo y er b ea rs the en tire co st of "e m p lo y e r fin a n ced " plans.
The e m p lo y er and
em p lo y ee sh are the c o st o f " jo in t ly fin anced" plans.
2 In clu des data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown s e p a ra te ly.
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
4 In clu des data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivis ion s shown s e p a ra te ly.
5 F in a n ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p ercen t.




24
T a b le B-8.

Prem iu m Pay fo r Overtim e W o r k

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y o v e r t im e p r e m iu m p a y
p r o v is io n s , B a lt im o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1966)

Plan t w o r k e r s
P r e m iu m pay p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------

M anu­
A ll
in d u stries 1 factu rin g
100

100

P u b lic
u tilitie s 1
2
100

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o lesa le
trade
100

R e ta il
tra d e
100

A ll
Manu­
in du stries 3 factu rin g
100

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 2

W h o lesa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

100

100

100

100

F in a n c e 4

100

D a ily o v e rtim e at p rem iu m ra tes
W o rk e rs in esta blish m en ts having
p ro v is io n s fo r d a ily o v e rtim e pay 5
at p rem iu m ra tes _ -------------------------------------T im e and o n e - h a lf-------------------------------------E ffe c tiv e a fte r:
7 h ou rs---------------- -------------------------O ver 7 and under 8 h ou rs. ------- ----8 h ou rs____________ ______________________
9 h ou rs____________________________________
W o rk ers in esta blish m en ts having no
p ro v is io n s fo r d a ily o v e rtim e pay
at p rem iu m ra tes 7 ----- ------- ._____ — --------

75

89

100

54

32

53

79

74

56

42

13

75

89

100

54

32

53

79

74

56

42

13

( 6)
1
73
1

1
1
85
2

_
100
-

54
-

32
-

3
51
-

2
77
-

1
73
-

56
-

3
40
-

6
7

25

11

46

68

47

21

26

44

58

87

-

-

W eek ly o v e rtim e at p rem iu m ra tes
W o rk e rs in establish m ents having
p ro v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e rtim e p a y 5
at p rem iu m r a t e s -------------------- ------------------T im e and o n e-h a lf ----------------------------------E ffe c tiv e a fte r:
Under 3 7 V2 h o u r s --------------- ------ —
3 7 V2 h o u rs ----------------------------- -------O ver 3 7 V2 and under 40 h ou rs-----------40 h o u rs ------------------------------------------48 h o u rs ------------------------------------------W o rk ers in establish m en ts having no
p ro v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e rtim e pay
at p rem iu m ra tes 7 _ — -------------------------------

96

100

100

100

89

99

100

100

99

99

98

96

100

100

100

89

99

100

100

99

99

98

1

2

_

“

2
1
97
-

1
1
98
-

_
( 6)
99
-

_
5
94
-

3
3
7
84
-

1

"

■

( 6)

1

2

0
( 6)

94
( 6)

4

0
( 6)

-

-

100
-

"

■

9 7

-

100

-

-

89
-

■

11

1
2
2
93

-

1 Includes data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown sep ara tely.
2 T ra n sp o rta tion , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
3 Includes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown sep a ra te ly.
4 Fin ance, in su rance, and r e a l esta te.
5 Includes w o r k e r s in esta blish m en ts c o v e re d by le g is la tiv e re q u irem en ts re g a rd in g prem iu m pay fo r o vertim e, even though such w o r k e r s a ctu a lly do not w ork
o v e rtim e .
Graduated p ro v is io n s fo r prem iu m pay a re c la s s ifie d under the fir s t e ffe c t iv e p rem iu m rate.
F o r exam ple, a plan c a llin g fo r tim e and o n e-h a lf a fte r 8 and
double tim e a fte r 10 hours would be co n s id ere d as tim e and o n e-h a lf a fte r 8 hours. S im ila rly , a plan callin g fo r no pay or pay at a re g u la r ra te a fte r 35 hours and tim e
and o n e-h a lf a fte r 40 hours would be co n sid ered as tim e and o n e-h a lf a fte r 40 hours.
6 L e s s than 0.5 percen t.
7 Includes w o r k e r s in esta blish m en ts exem pt fr o m le g is la tiv e re q u irem en ts re g a rd in g p rem iu m pay fo r o vertim e and w h ere, as a m a tter of p o lic y , o v e rtim e is not
w orked.




Appendix A.

Change in Occupational Description:

Secretary

Since the Bureau’s last survey, the occupational description for
secretary was revised in order to obtain salary information for more specific
categories.

zation and the scope of the supervisor’s position are considered in dis­
tinguishing these levels.
Data published under the composite title of
secretary are not comparable to data previously published.

The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A , B, C, D ) classify
these workers according to levels of responsibility. The size of the organi­

The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




25

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary woikers.

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter.
May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc.
Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B.
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

26

27

CLERK, A C C O U N T IN G — Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations.
May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A .
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc.
May
also file this material.
May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files.
May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B.
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material.
May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR D ITTO )
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine.
Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master.
May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards.
Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

28

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards.
May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supexyisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following; (a ) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b )
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d ) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e ) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRET A R Y — Continue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a ) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b ) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; an d(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

29

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u ed

S T E N O G R A P H E R , G E N E R A L— C o n tin u ed

c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e tc .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g . , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER,

SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responfiles, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d.
Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over_J>jL
000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b.
Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e. g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e assignment.
( '’Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g . , giving
extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator.)

30

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this workers time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik.
The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULA TIN G -M AC H IN E OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The complete reporting .and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken.
As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established.
May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. M ay also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following; Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing.
M ay type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following; Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

31

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN

DRAFTSM AN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations.
May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B.
Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used,, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C.
Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information.
Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continue d

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSM AN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, M AINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work.
In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




32

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIO NAR Y
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption.
May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

H E LP E R ,

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S — C o n tin u e d

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies.
Woik involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils.
For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIO N AR Y BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, M AINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

33

MECHANIC, AU TO M O TIV E (M AINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

M ECHANIC, M AINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLW RIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the m illwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency.
In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications.
In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, M AINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprentice drip or equivalent
training and experience.

34

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R — C o n t in u e d

M A IN T E N A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AN D W A TC H M A N
Guard.
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman.
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper, charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

35

O R D E R FIL L E R

S H IP P IN G A N D

R E C E IV IN G

C LE R K — C o n tin u ed

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING A N D RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers’ houses or places of business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order.
Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under 1
tons)
medium ( 1V 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----The seventh annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r accountants, a u d ito rs ,
a tto rn e y s , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e r s , en g in e e rin g technicians, d r a fts m e n ,
t r a c e r s , job a n a lysts, d i r e c t o r s o f p erso n n el, m a n a g ers o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e rs , fr e ig h t rate c le r k s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lletin 1535, N ation al
m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l
50 cents a copy.

Survey o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
P a y , F e b r u a r y — a r ch 19&6.
M

☆

U.s. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1 6 -253-604/47
97

Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p re s e n te d b elow . A d ir e c t o r y in d icatin g dates o f e a r lie r stu d ies, and the p r ic e s o f the b ulletins is
a v a ila b le on req u e st. B u lle tin s m ay be purchased fr o m the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20204,
o r fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l sales o ffic e s shown on the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e

1465-61,
1465-38,
1465-72,
1465-50,
1465-37,
1465-47,
1465-82,

20
25
25
30
25
20
40

1465-77,
1530-6,

20 cents
25 cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Om aha, N e b r .—
Iow a, O ct. 1966___________________________
P a te r son— lifto n — a s s a ic , N .J ., M ay 1966 1 ___________
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .- N .J ., N ov. 1965 1______________________
P h o en ix, A r i z . , M a r. 1966 1_______________________________
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1966________________________________
P o rtla n d , M ain e, N o v . 1966_______________________________
P o rtla n d , O r e g .—W ash ., M ay 1966 1______________________
P r o v id e n c e —
Paw tu ck et— a rw ic k , R .I.—M a s s .,
W
M ay 1966______________________________________
R a le ig h , N .C ., Sept. 1966____________________
R ichm ond, V a ., N ov. 1966___________________
R o c k fo rd , 111., M ay 1966 1 ___________________

1530-18,
1465-76,
1465-35,
1465-62,
1465-46,
1530-17,
1465-73,

25
25
35
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-65,
1530-7,
1530-23,
1465-66,

25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents

30
25
30
25
25
30
25
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

St. L o u is , M o.—
111., O ct. 1966 1______________
Salt L a k e C ity , Utah, D ec. 1965---------------San An ton io, T e x ., June 1966_______________
San B ern a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n ta rio , C a lif.,
R
O
Sept. 1966_____________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 1966 1______________
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif., Jan. 1966 1
O
San J o s e , C a lif., Sept. 1966_________________
Savannah, G a., M ay 1966 1___________________
Scranton, P a ., Aug. 1966____________________
S eattle—E v e r e tt, W ash ., O ct. 1966_____ _____

1530-27,
1465-32,
1465-78,

30 cents
20 cents
20 cents

1530-14,
1530-24,
1465-43,
1530-10,
1465-69,
1530-3,
1530-22,

25
25
30
20
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-44,
1465-41,
1530-26,
1465-80,
1530-1,

25
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-59,
1465-51,
1465-79,
1530-4,
1465-42,
1465-30,
1465-84,

30
20
25
25
30
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Oct. 1966___________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1966 1_____________________________
Spokane, W ash., June 1966________________________________
Tampa—
St. P e te rsb u rg , F la ., Sept. 1966 1_______________
Toledo, Ohio—M ich ., Feb. 1966___________________________
Trenton, N .J ., Dec. 1965__________________________________
Washington, D .C .—Md.— a ., Oct. 1966 1_________________
V
W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1966 1___________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1966 1_______________________________
W ichita, K an s., Oct. 1966 1_______________________________
W o rc e ste r, M a s s., June 1966 1___________________________
Y ork, P a ., Feb. 1966 1----------------------------------------------Youngstown— arren , Ohio, Nov. 1966___________________
W

1530-12,
1465-55,
1465-75,
1530-9,
1465-49,
1465-34,
1530-15,
1465-52,
1530-21,
1530-11,
1465-83,
1465-40,
1530-29,

20
25
20
25
20
20
30
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-81,
1465-60,
1465-64,

30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1465-53,
1465-71,
1530-30,
1465-63,
1465-56,
1530-2,
1530-16,

25
30
30
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u ffa lo , N .Y . , D e c . 1965_________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t., M a r. 1966___ ___________________________
Canton, O hio, A p r . 1966 1________________________________
C h a rle sto n , W. V a ., A p r . 1966 1 ________________________
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., A p r . 1966 1
_____________________________
C hattanooga, T enn.— a ., Sept. 1966 1___________________
G
C h ica g o, 111., A p r . 1966 1 ________________________________
C in cin n ati, O hio— y .— d ., M a r. 1966 1 _______„________
K
In
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1966 1____________________________
C olum bus, O h io , O ct. 1966 1_____________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., N o v . 1966 1_________________________________

1465-36,
1465-54,
1465-58,
1465-70,
1465-67,
1530-8,
1465-68,
1465-57,
1530-13,
1530-20,
1530-25,

25
20
25
25
25
30
30
25
30
30
30

1530-19,
1465-39,
1465-33,
1465-48,
1465-45,
1530-28,
1530-5,
1465-74,
1465-85,
1465-31,

Davenport—
Rock Island—M oline, Iowa—
111.,

Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1966 1_____________________________
Jacksonville, F la ., Jan. 1966____________________________
K ansas City, M o.— a n s ., Nov. 1966____________________
K
L aw ren ce— a v erh ill, M a s s.— .H ., June 1966 1 _______
H
N
Little Rock— orth Little Rock, A rk ., Aug. 1966 1_____
N
Los A ngeles—Long Beach and Anaheim -Santa A n a ____________________
G arden G ro v e , C a lif., M ar. 1966 1
L o u isv ille, Ky.— d ., Feb. 1966_________________________
In
Lubbock, T ex., June 1966 1______________________________
M anchester, N .H ., Aug. 1966 1___________________________
M em phis, Tenn.— rk ., Jan. 1966 1 -----------------------------A
M iam i, F la ., D ec. 1965 1____________________ ____ ___ _____
Midland and O d essa, T ex., June 1966 1 -----------------------

1 Data
 on establishment


B u lletin number
and p ric e

M ilw a u k ee, W is ., A p r . 1966_______________________________
M in n ea p o lis—
St. P au l, M inn., Jan. 1966_________ ________
M uskegon—M uskegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., M ay 1966 1 ------N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F eb . 1966 1 _____________
N ew H aven, Conn., Jan. 1966 1 ___________________________
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., F eb . 1966__________ ___________________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1966 1______________________________
N o r fo lk — ortsm o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
P
Ham pton, V a ., June 1966________________________________
O klahom a C ity , O k la ., Aug. 1966 1------------------------------

A k ro n , O hio, June 1966 1__ ______________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c ta d y ^ T ro y , N .Y ., A p r. 1966 1 _________
S
A lb u qu erqu e, N . M e x ., A p r . 1966 1_____________________
A llen tow n —B eth leh em —E aston , P a .— .J .,
N
F eb . 1966 1________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1966 1 _________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., N ov. 1966 1_____________________________
Beaum ont—P o r t A r th u r -O r a n g e , T e x ., M ay 1966 1____
B irm in g h a m , A la ., A p r . 1966___________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, July 1966 1___________________________
B oston , M a s s ., O ct. 1966________________________________

Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1966 1 ________________________________
Den ver, C olo ., Dec. 1965 1 _________________________ ______
D es M oines, Iowa, Feb. 1966 1 __________________________
Detroit, M ich., Jan. 1966________________________________
F o rt Worth, T ex ., Nov. 1966 1___________________________
G reen Bay, W i s . , Aug. 1966 1___________________________
G reen v ille, S .C ., M ay 1966 1__ __________________________
Houston, T ex ., June 1966 1 ______________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1965 1___________________________

A rea

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents