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A R E A W A G E SU RVEY
A ustin, Texas, M etro p o litan Area,
Decem ber 1972
Bulletin 1775-42




U S. D EPA R TM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u lts o f a D e c e m b e r 1972 s u rv e y o f occu p ation al
ea rn in g s and s u p p lem en ta ry w age b e n e fits in the A u s tin , T e x a s , Standard M e t r o ­
p olita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a ( T r a v is C oun ty).
T h e s u r v e y w as m ad e as p a rt o f the
B u reau o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
The p ro g r a m is
d e sig n e d to y ie ld data fo r in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a s , as w e ll as n a tion al and
r e g io n a l e s tim a te s fo r a ll Standard M e tro p o lita n A r e a s in the United States,
e xclu d in g A la s k a and H a w a ii, (as d efin ed by the U.S, O ffic e o f M anagem en t and
B udget th rou gh N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a jo r c o n s id e ra tio n in the a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need to
d e s c r ib e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a rk e ts , through
the a n a ly s is o f (1 ) the le v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w a g e s by occu p ation , and (2) the
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by occu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l .
T h e p ro g r a m d e ­
v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that n fay be u sed fo r m any p u rp o s e s , in clu d in g w age and s a la r y
a d m in is tra tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and a s s is ta n c e in d e te rm in in g plant lo c a tio n .
S u rv e y re s u lts a ls o a r e used b y the U .S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r to m ak e w age
d e te rm in a tio n s under the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n tly , 96 a r e a s a r e in clu d ed in the p r o g r a m .
(S ee lis t o f a r e a s on
in s id e b ack c o v e r . )
In each a r e a , occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s data a re c o lle c te d an­
n u a lly.
In fo rm a tio n on e s ta b lis h m en t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p lem en ta ry w age b e n e fits ,
c o lle c te d e v e r y second y e a r in the p a st, is now ob ta in ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
Each y e a r a fte r a ll
tw o su m m ary b u lle tin s a re
m e tro p o lita n a r e a s u rv e y e d .
r e g io n a l e s tim a te s , p r o je c t e d

in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u rv e y s h ave been c o m p le te d ,
is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s to g e th e r data fo r each
T h e second s u m m a ry b u lle tin p re s e n ts n a tion al and
fr o m in d iv id u a l m e tro p o lita n a r e a data.

T h e A u stin s u r v e y w as con du cted by the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in
D a lla s , T e x ., under the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f B oyd B . O 'N e a l, A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l
D ir e c to r fo r O p e ra tio n s .
T h e s u rv e y could not h ave b een a c c o m p lish e d w ithout
the c o o p e ra tio n o f the m an y f ir m s w h ose w a g e and s a la r y data p ro v id e d the b a s is
fo r the s ta tis tic a l in fo rm a tio n in th is b u lle tin .
T he B u reau w is h e s to e x p r e s s
s in c e re a p p re c ia tio n fo r the c o o p e ra tio n r e c e iv e d .

AREA W AGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1775-42
p U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary

A pril 1 9 7 3

BUR EA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S, Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner

A ustin, Texas, M etro p o litan A rea, D ecem ber 1972
CO NTENTS
Page

2

In tr o d u c tio n

T a b le s :
5

1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ied

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :
A - l.
O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a r n in g s
A -2 .
P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a r n in g s
A -3 .
O f f ic e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s , b y s e x
A -4 .
M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u rly e a r n in g s
A -5 .
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u rly e a r n in g s
A -6 .
M a in te n a n c e , p o w e r p la n t, c u s to d ia l, and m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g o c c u p a tio n s :
A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , b y s e x

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s :
B - l.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s
B -2 .
S h ift d if fe r e n t ia ls
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s
B -4 .
A n n u al p a id h o lid a y s
B - 4 a . Id e n tific a tio n o f m a jo r p aid h o lid a y s
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s

6
7

8
8
9

10

11
12
13
14
15
16
18
21

A p p e n d ix ,

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 50 cents domestic postpaid or 35 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

1

In tro d u c tio n
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c on du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In this a r e a , data w e r e
o b ta in e d by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a ­
t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u r in g :
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a j o r i n d u s t r y g ro u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e stud ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d
b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e oc c u p a tio n s stu died. S e p a ­
r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w h ich m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c up atio n
is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e eno ugh data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data. E a r n i n g s
data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c lu d e d in a l l
i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d data, w h e r e shown. L i k e w i s e , data a r e i n c lu d e d
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n wh en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s
t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e sho wn f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , ' and la t e s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b on uses a r e e x ­
clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n ­
c lu d e d .
W h e r e w e e k l y h o u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a l f ho u r ) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r an d/ o r p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s a r e roun ded
to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s . T h e s a m ­
p lin g p ro c e d u r e s in v o lve d e ta ile d s tr a tific a tio n of a ll establish m en ts
w ith in the s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b e r
o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e is
s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chan c e o f
selection .
T o ob ta in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d .
When data
a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that u n b ia s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a ti o n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If
no s u ita b le sub s tit u te i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to th e m i s s i n g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d iv id u a l o c c u p a ti o n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r ­
a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l jo b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m en t patterns.
F o r e x a m p l e , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by
h igh - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad­
v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such s h ifts in e m p l o y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , shown in t a b le 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in the
groups.

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follo w in g typ es:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s et o f job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to tak e ac c ou n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s w i th i n the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a ti o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e nd ix . U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , the
e a r n i n g s d ata f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C. ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, Ky. ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y . ; Rochester, N .Y . (o ffice occupations only); Syracuse, N .Y . ; and U tica— Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approxim ately 70 areas at the request
of the Em ployment Standards Adm inistration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . In ­
d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s ta f f in g , and
thus c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am on g j o b s in
individual e sta b lish m en ts.
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tio n s sho uld not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w ith in in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u t e to
d i f f e r e n c e s i n c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w i th i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e
areas o n l y the r a t e s p a id i n c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c du tie s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p ­
ti o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .

2

3
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a ti o n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p l e
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
ta n c e o f th e j o b s s tu d ie d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n i n g s data.

E stab lish m en t P r a c t ic e s

and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e

P ro visio n s

I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d (i n the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s f o r p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s . Data f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s not p r e s e n t e d
s e p a r a t e l y a r e in c lu d e d in the e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . " A d m i n ­
i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n
w o r k e r s who a r e u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c l u d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k ­
ers
( in c lu d in g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ff i c e f u n c ­
tions.
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r ­
v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c tio n s .
C afeteria
w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but
in c l u d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g i n d u s t r i e s .
M in im u m entrance s a la r ie s fo r w o m en o f f ic e w o r k e r s
o n l y to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
(S e e ta b l e B - l . )
B ecause
o p t i m u m s a m p l i n g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d and th e p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e
l i s h m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to h a v e
e n t r a n c e r a t e s a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the ta b l e is m o r e
s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

relate
o f the
estab­
form al
repre­

Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l data a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s . (S e e ta b l e B - 2 . ) T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d
in t e r m s o f (1 ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y
fo r total p la n tw ork er e m p lo y ­
m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e f o r w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the
s p e c i f i e d s h ift at th e t i m e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a vin g
v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the am ount a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y is u sed ; i f no
am ount a p p l i e s to a m a j o r i t y , the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " is us e d . In e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g s o m e l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f ­
f e r e n c e is r e c o r d e d o n l y i f it a p p l i e s to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u rs and d ays o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d as a p p ly in g to
a l l o f th e p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b l i s h m e n t . (S e e
t a b l e B - 3 . ) S c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s a r e th o s e w h ic h a m a ­
j o r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s a r e e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r th e y a r e
paid s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .
2
An establishment is considered as having a policy if it m et
tions: (1) Operated la te shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2) had formal
shifts. A n establishment was considered as having form al provisions if it (1)
during the 12 months before the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form




P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p aid v a c a t i o n s ; and h e alth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n ­
s io n p lans a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on th e b a s i s that t h e s e a r e a p p l i ­
c a b l e to a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k ­
e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
(S e e t a b l e s B - 4 t h ro u g h B - 6 . ) Su ms o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2
th ro u g h B - 6 m a y not eq u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f ro un din g.
D ata on p aid h o l i d a y s a r e l i m i t e d to h o l i d a y s g r a n t e d annu­
a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r
(2) a r e e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m . (S e e ta b l e B - 4 . ) H o l i d a y s o r d i n a r i l y
g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n though th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n w o r k d a y and
the w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o th er d a y o f f .
T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the p aid
h o l i d a y s ta b l e p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a l f h o l i d a y s a c tu a l l y
granted.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a l f h o l i d a y s to s h o w
total h olid ay t i m e .
T a b l e B - 4 a r e p o r t s the i n c i d e n c e o f the m o s t
c o m m o n p aid h o l i d a y s .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n plans is a s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f
v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than a m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e f i t s . (S e e ta b le B - 5 . ) P r o v i s i o n s ap p ly
to a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s
o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P a y m e n t s on o t h e r than a t i m e b a s i s a r e c o n ­
v e r t e d to a t i m e p e r i o d ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s
a r e c o n s i d e r e d e q u i v a l e n t to 1 w e e k s ' p ay. O n l y b a s i c plans a r e i n ­
c lu d e d. E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n b o n u s es , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s ,
and " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e yo n d b a s i c p lans.
Such
p r o v i s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in the s t e e l , a l u m in u m , and can i n d u s t r i e s .
H e a l th , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n plans f o r w h ic h the e m p l o y e r
p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t i n c lu d e t h o s e (1) u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a
c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) p r o v i d e d
th ro u g h a union fund, o r (3) p a i d d i r e c t l y by the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r ­
r e n t o p e r a t i n g funds o r f r o m a fund set a s i d e f o r th is p u r p o s e . (S e e
ta b l e B - 6 . ) A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e such a plan i f the
m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a r e c o v e r e d u n de r the p lan e v e n i f l e s s than a
m a j o r i t y e l e c t to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s a r e r e q u i r e d to c o n ­
t r i b u t e t o w a r d the c o s t o f th e plan.
Exclu ded a r e l e g a lly r e q u ire d
p la n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d
retirem en t.
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that ty p e o f i n ­
s u r a n c e u n de r w h ich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d d u r in g t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y . I n f o r ­
m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l such p lans to w h ich the e m p l o y e r c o n ­
t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h h a ve e n a c te d
t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s r e q u i r i n g e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3
p lans a r e in c lu d e d o n l y i f the e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e than is
l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h ich e x ­
c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a id s i c k l e a v e plans

either of the follow ing condi­
provisions covering late
3
had operated late shifts
contributions.
for operating late shifts.

The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer

4
a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 4 w h ich p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f
th e w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s . S e p a ­
r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) plans w h ich p r o v i d e f u ll
p a y and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p lan s w h ic h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l
p a y o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d itio n to the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k
l e a v e , an u n du p licated t o t a l is shown o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e i t h e r
o r both t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

the end o f th e d i s a b i l i t y , a m a x i m u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t i r e ­
m e n t b e n e f i t s . F u l l o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t s a r e a l m o s t a l w a y s r e d u c e d by
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , and p r i v a t e p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s
p a y a b l e to the d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e .

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e p lans p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s f r o m s i c k ­
n e s s and i n j u r y e x p e n s e s beyond the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n ,
m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p la n s . T y p i c a l f e a t u r e s o f m a j o r m e d i c a l p lans
a r e (1) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id b y th e i n s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e f i t s
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s to
b e gin ; (2) a c o i n s u r a n c e f e a t u r e r e q u i r i n g th e i n s u r e d to p a y a p o r t i o n
t o t a l l y d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r p aid s i c k l e a v e
( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s ; and (3) s ta te d d o l l a r m a x i m u m
an d/ o r s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d
b e n e f i t s ( e . g . , $ 10, 000 a y e a r ) . M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e s c o m p l e t e
p e rio d of d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m on th s).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e until
o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . D e n ta l i n s u r a n c e u s u a l l y c o v e r s
f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s . E x c l u d e d a r e p lans w h i c h c o v e r o n ly
4
An establishment is considered as having a form al plan if it established at least the minimum
o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c i d e n t d a m a g e . R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p lans p r o v i d e
number of days of sick leave availab le to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written, but
p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




5

T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r s tu d ie d in A u s tin , T e x .,1 by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 2
Workers in establishm ents

Number of establishm ents
Industry division

All d iv isio n s__________ ________________
M anufacturing_______________________________
Nonm anufacturing___________________________
T ransportation , communication, and
other public u tilitie s 5___________________
W holesale trad e __________________________
R etail tr a d e _____________ _______
- Finance, in su ran ce, and rea l e state_______
S erv ic e s 8-------------------------------------------

Minimum
employment
in e sta b lish ­
ments in scope
of study

Within scope of study
Within scope
of study3

Studied

T o ta l4

Studied
Number

Percent

Plant

Office

T otal4

.

200

68

33,958

100

21, 361

6, 154

18,207

50
-

38
162

19
49

11, 112
22,846

33
67

6, 809
14,552

1,332
4, 822

8,611
9,596

50
50
50
50
50

11
13
83
22
33

8

2,696
1, 125
11,358
4,684
2,983

8
3
33
14
9

1,914

477

16

2,371
627
3,811
1,564
1,223

6
6

13

c>

(6 )

(‘ )

C )

(M>
(

(6 )

(6)

1 The Austin Standard M etropolitan S ta tistic al A re a, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through November 1971, co n sists of T rav is County. The "w orkers within scope of
study" estim ate s shown in this table provide a reasonably accu rate description of the size and com position of the labor force included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, however,
to serv e as a b a sis of com parison with other employment indexes for the a re a to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requ ires the use
ofestablishm ent data
com piled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual was used in classify in g establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such in dustries as trad e , finance, auto rep air se rv ice ,
and motion picture th eaters a re considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, p ro fe ssio n al, and other w orkers excluded from the sep arate plant and office cate g o rie s.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilitie s" in the A- and B - s e r ie s tab le s. T axicabs and se rv ic e s incidental to w ater tran sportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represen ted in estim ates for "a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s, and for "a ll in d u strie s" in the S erie s B tab le s. Separate presentation of
data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reason s: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit sep arate study, (2) the sam ple was not
designed initially to perm it sep arate presentation, ( 3 ) respon se was insufficient or inadequate to perm it sep arate presentation, and ( 4 ) there is p o ssibility of d isclo su re of in d i v i d u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t d a ta .
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are rep resen ted in estim ates for "a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e rie s A tab le s, but from the rea l estate portion only inestim ates
for " a ll in d u strie s" in the S e rie s B tab les. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reason s given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other p erson al se r v ic e s; b u sin ess s e rv ic e s; automobile rep a ir, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and arch itectu ral se rv ic e s.

Industrial com position in m anufacturing
One-third of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the Austin are a were employed
in m anufacturing fir m s. The following p resen ts the m ajor industry groups and specific
in d u stries a s a percent of a ll manufacturing:
Industry groups
M achinery, except e le c tr ic a l— 17
E le c tric a l equipment and
su p p lie s____________________ 16
Food and kindred products____ 12
Instrum ents and related
products____________________ 11
Printing and publishing_______ 11
F urniture and fix tu r e s_______ 8
T ransportation equipment____ 8
Stone, clay, and g la ss
products____________________ 6
M iscellaneous m anufacturing
in d u stries_______________
5

Labor-m anagem ent agreem ent coverage

Specific in dustries
Special industry m achinery____17
E le c tric te st and distributing
equipm ent____________________ 14
Engineering and scien tific
in strum ents___________________10
Household fu rn itu re____________ 8
Ship and boatbuilding and
rep a irin g ---------------------------- 8
C om m ercial printing___________ 7
Concrete, gypsum , and p laste r
p ro d u cts______________________ 5
Jew elry , silv e rw are , and
plated w a re _____________

The following tabulation shows the percent of plantw orkers and officew orkers
employed in establishm ents in which a contract or contracts covered a m ajority of the workers
in the resp ective ca te g o rie s, Austin, T e x ., Decem ber 1972:
Plantw orkers
All in d u strie s_________________
M anufacturing_________________
Public u tilities________________

5

T h is information is based on e stim ates of total employment derived from universe
m a te ria ls com piled p rio r to actual survey. P roportions in v ario u s industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the resu lts of the survey as shown in table 1 above.




19
29
74

Officew orkers
6
76

An establishm ent is considered to have a contract covering a ll plantworkers or
officew orkers if a m ajority of such w orkers are covered by a labor-m anagem ent agreem ent.
T h erefore, all other plantw orkers or officew orkers a re employed in establishm ents that either
do not have labor-m anagem ent con tracts in effect, or have con tracts that apply to fewer than
half of their plantw orkers or officew ork ers. E stim ates are not n e c e ssa rily representative
of the extent to which all w orkers in the are a may be covered by the provisions of
labor-m anagem ent agreem en ts, becau se sm all establishm ents a re excluded and the industrial
scope of the survey is lim ited.

6

A. Occupational earnings
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Austin, Tex., December 1972)
Number of workers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

s
60

Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

f

$
70

65

75

t

s

»
80

85

S
90

$
95

t
100

t
105

*

no

t
115

t
120

t
125

*

*
130

135

$
160

*
15 0

S
160

t
170

and
under
65

180

and
70

80

85

90

13

75

14

95

10 0

105

no

115

120

125

18

16

26

130

135

160

150

16 0

170

180

over

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM

b o o k k e e p i n g

-

m a c h i n e

o p e r a t o r s

,
53

0

6 0 .0

$
8 9 .0 0

8 8 .^ 0

131

C L A '*''

3 9 .0

1 1 6 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0

10A

$
8 3 .5 0 -

$
9 3 .5 0

L L tK K jy

r 1L ty

LLAoO

D

“

3
l i

3 9 .5

9 1 .5 0

9 2 .5 0

3 9 .5

9 1 .0 0

9 1 .5 0

8 3 .5 0 -

9 7 .0 0

8 8 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 -

29

42

42

17

”

9

8 3 .5 0 -

3 9 .0

24

37

39

10

9 7 .0 0

-

4

-

68

17

1

5

1

1

1

3

1

1

1

13

15

i
3

29

81

3

3

11

9 8 .0 0

3

3

“

8

20

9 3 .0 0 - 1 0 0 . 0 0

8 6 .0 0

29

24

8 3 .0 0 - 1 0 6 . 0 0

16 7

26

5

3 9 .5

62
----------------------------------------------

21

1 1 4 * 0 0

20 9

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

6

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

~

-

-

~

-

6

2

6

15
T 9
?
3O .5
3
1 *7

.0

i m
nn
1 0 7 .0 0

.0

1 1 6 .5 0

1 0 9 .5 0

39

r

(O F F IC E

BOYS

AND

G IR L S )-

25

9

32

6

25

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0

92
n

00

*

48

22

10

3

8
22

8 5 .0 0

8 3 .5 0

7 6 . 5 0 -

9 6 .0 0

^

1 2 5 *0 0
1 6 6 .5 0

1 6 7 .5 0

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 7 0 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 6 7 .5 0

1 6 8 .0 0

2

1 3 5 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

2

3

1 2 0 *5 0

6 0 .0

5

*
9

10

2

-

i

7

3

-

-

3^

t}
32 5
P U B L IC

U T IL IT IE S

-----------------------------

36

39

^30

3 9 *0

1 2 5 *0 0

3 9 .5

1 2 9 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0

-

-

*

-

2

-

4

-

6

1

?

1 1 6 *0 0

11 6

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

JivA t 1AK1 tD f tL Add l.

**

5

1

1 0 C * ** 0

3 0 *0

1 1 0 *0 0

6 0 .0

7 7 .5 0

8 1 .5 0

----------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables,




48

8 1 .0 0

6 3 . 5 0 -

8 9 .0 0

18

-

4

-

10

6

6

6

2

2

^3
11

18

3

?

1 0 5 *0 0

1

8

16

19

12

J

I’ll**???

2

1

21

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

.

i

3

3

a

nn
9 3 .0 0

3 9 .0

15

, ,

5

IT

MESSENGERS

12

13

1 0 0 .3 0

3

9 2 .5 0

7

16

10

3

12

7
T a b l e A - 1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s — C o n t i n u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Austin, Tex., December 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Num
ber

Number of workers receivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
S

Average
weekly
hours*
(standard)

$

t

*

$

$

of
w
orkere

t

t

t

S
A
»
1
*
t
%
*
*
$
$
*
105
110 115 120 125 130 135 140 150 160 170 180

Median ^

60
and
under

Middle ranged

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

65

Occupation and industry division

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

1

17
16

15
8

26
20

2
1

6

5

10

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

over

M
EN AND W EN COMBINEDOM
CONTINUED
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

78
54

39.5
39.5

$
93.00
91.00

$
91.50
91.00

-

fll

nn
TO
39 0

$
$
85.50-100 .50

*
21

13
25

2

90 '0

See footnotes at end of tables.

T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

W e e k ly e a rn in g s

(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, Austin, Tex., D ecember 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly

$
90

Median 2

(standard)

Middle ranged

S

$

100

n o

S

120

%

130

t

140

$

S

150

160

$

t

170

180

i

*

190

200

*
210

*

220

t

»

230

240

100

110

120

130

140

13

5

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

8

$
137.50
134.50

134.50
130.50

123.00122.00-

57
33

41.0
39.0

184.50
183.50

186.00
183.50

177.50-199.50
176.00-201.50

*0.0

171.50

170.50

160.50-178.50

3

41

40.0

!*■* -Q 1 5 9 . 0 0

$

155.50
150.50

8

*
*

6

2

PR0GRAMERS,

NONMANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

$

39.5
39.0

51

COMPUTER

$

62
46

SYSTEMS

;
*

1

23

5

ANALYSTS,

See footnotes at end of tables.




i --------- 1-------- 1 -------

260

270

280

290

and

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
COMPUTER OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

t
250

and
under

13
8

17

260

270

280

290

8

T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by sex

(A v e r a g e stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in sele cted occupations by indu stry d ivis io n , Austin, T e x ., D ece m b er 1972)
A v erage

Average

Sex, occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
hours 1
[standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W eek ly
earnings1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
(standard)

W
OMEN

Average
W eekly
hours *
[standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

39.5

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$

Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and in du stry division

W eek ly
earnings *
(standard)

91.00

39.0

90.50

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

201
34
167

39.5
39.5
39.5

CLASS

66

39.0

9 ' 00

CLERKS. FILE. CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

235
227

39.5
39.5

28

91.00
91.50
91.00

86.00

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS, FILE,

111*5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING

0

79

3 *
39.5
39.5

39.5

$
147.50

144
30
114

54
l-»2

i i -« « o n
l r

39.5 128.50
39.0 125.00
39.5 129.50
124.50
40.0 127.00
39.0 1 23 . j 0

92
51
**

91.00
87.50
93.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
.

39.5 104.00
39.0 101.50
106 . j 0

NONMANUFACTURING — —

—
—

— — ——
—

39.0 136.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
107.00
108.00

470

39.5 123.00

32
28

39.0

324
34

39.5 124.50
40.0

31

39.5 124.00

50

NONMANUFACTURING

76

40.0

NONMANUF AC 1 UR I NG — — — — — —

—

28

39*0 184.50
172.50

77.50

See footnote at end o f tables.

T a b le A -4 .

M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u r ly e a rn in g s

(A v e r a g e stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs o f w o rk e rs in sele cted occupations by in du stry d ivis io n , A u stin , T e x ., D ecem b er 1972)
N um ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings of

Hourly earnings3

Occupation and industry d ivis io n

t
1
*
*
t
t
$
t
t
$
t
i
I
t
*
»
*
$
2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60

Number
of
M ea n 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

and
under

and

3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.3 0 4.40 4.50 4.60 o v e r

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
1 n A 1NI t NA N v 1 1

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




$
49

$

$

$

_

12

12

1

2

1

2

1

9

T a b le A - 5 . C u sto dial and m aterial m o v e m e n t occupations: H o u rly earnings
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Austin, Tex., December 1972)
Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3
Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

$
i
1.60 1.70
Mean 2

M edian2

$
i
1.80

i
t
1.90

i
*
2.00

I

*

»

2.10

t

*
*
2.30

2.20

i

*

i

2.60

*

*

2.50

*

*

2.60

*

*

2.70

2.80

and
under

Middle range 2

1,70

and
1.80 1,90 2*00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2*40 2.50 2.60 2*70 2*80 2,90 3.00 3,10 3.20 3*30 3.40 3*50 3.60 3.70 3,80 over

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED
OM
$

$

$

$

------

605

1.99
2.32

1.87
2.35

1.69- 2.30
2.05- 2.56

81

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS

2.31

2.27

2
“

17
“

27
3

18
1

19
16

9
6

-

4
2

3
3

5
5

1
1

4
1

3
3

i
i

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

*

1
1

1
1

3
3

109
109

83
3
80

16
6
12

13
7
6

65
18
27

20
1
19

18
6
14

24
20
4

10
4
6

44
28
16

4
1
3

8
1
7

1
1

-

4
4

_
-

2
2

_
-

“

-

3
3
*

-

1
1

_

2.05- 2.82

2
2

2

1
1

29
29

2
2

9
7

9
9

7
7

6
2

-

5
4

39
15

16
-

_
“

1
1

2
*

_

_
*

*

-

2

*

_
*

46

-

_

-

-

1
1

3
3

*49
49

2. 05- 2.65

92
2.16

""

29
H A N U r A L 1 UK 1 N o

———

1

-

5

16

2

7

1

3

1

-

-

12

-

_

1

_

23
22

-

3
3

9
9

1
1

-

-

3
3

-

“

7
5

1
1

_

-

-

2
2

“

_

4
4

2
-

-

-

1
“

-

-

10
10

8
8

_
“

11
11

60
21
19

18
11
7

10
2
8

9
9
*

3
1
2

17
6
11

8
8

“

11
11

17
17

8
3

4
4

2
2

11
11

_

“

21
21

-

”

“

“

5
5

"

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

4

i

6

5

-

-

4

1

5

2

6

1

A
n

2 62

177

2.05

-

1.95- 2.33
1.95- 2.36

2

H A N U r A L 1U K 1 N b

2. 22- 3.05

2.93

r

“
_

“

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
2 .6 6

-

_
“

_

2. 61- 3.27
2 .3 5- 6.09

_

2 .8

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 6 TONS.
101

3.22

_

2.69- 3.61

_

“

2.76

2.66- 2.99

-

-

_

to $4.20; 1 at $ 4.30 to $4.40 ; and 45 at $ 5.20 to $ 5.30.
See footnotes at end of tables.




~

12
12

-

16
14
2

12
12
*

54
5
49

2
2

81
56
25

“

2
2

14
13
1

_

51
49

2
2

1
1

_

“

“

12
12

-

-

11

-

_

4

3

_

1

30
6
1

-

21
21
“

_

_

-

-

“

*

-

4
3
1

-

_

”

_

1
1

“

21
21

-

3
3

3
3

4

1

-

-

-

1

1

4
4

-

3

2.90

3.00




T a b l e A - 6 . M a in t e n a n c e , p o w e r p l a n t , c u s to d ia l, a nd m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g
o c c u p a t io n s : A v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s , by s e x
(A v e r a g e stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings of w ork ers in sele cted occupations by indu stry d ivis ion ,
A u stin, T e x ., D ece m b er 1972)

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

A v erage
(mean1 )
hourly
earnings^

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivis ion

$
3.46

--------------------------

38

$
2.13

25

2.90

TRUCKDRIVERS
-------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

49
26

372
177
195

3.13
2.93
3.31

122
115

2.65
2.66

101
77

2.97
2.90

PACKERS,

SHIPPING

K t t t 1V 1 Nb t L t K I v j

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

T R U C K D R I V E R S , M E D I U M ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
A N D I N C L U D I N G 4 T O N S ) --------------120

JANITORS,

---------------------------

PORTERS,

NONMANUFACTURING

AND

CLEANERS

----

----------------------

45

2.47

356
91
265

2.03

128

2.51

TRUC K D R I V E R S , HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ---------------------------

1.93
TRUCKERS,

LABORERS,

MATERIAL

HANDLING

----------

POWER

nAf\L)IUUjLnLI'i

See footnotes at end of tables.

Average
(m e a n * )
hourly
earnings^

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
UCCUPAIIJNS - MEN— CONTINUED

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

Number
of
workers

(FORKLIFT)

------------

33

2.74

31

2.52

11

B. Establishment practices and supplementary w a g e provisions
T a b l e B -1 . M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s
(D istrib u tio n o f establishm ents studied in a ll in du stries and in in du stry d ivision s by m inim um entrance s a la ry fo r sele cted ca teg o rie s
o f in ex p erien ced women o ffic e w o rk e rs , Austin, T e x ., D ece m b er 1972)
Other in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w orkers 5

Inexperienced typists
Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing
M inimum w eekly stra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 4

A ll
schedules

A ll
schedules

40

Manufacturing
A ll
industries

Based on standard w eekly h ou rs6 o f—

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard w eekly h ou rs6 o f—
A ll
schedules

40

40

$75.00 and under $77.50____________________________________

68

19

XXX

49

XXX

68

19

XXX

49

XXX

25

Establish m ents studied---------------------------------------------

10

8

15

13

32

12

10

20

18

2
2
2
1

1
1
2
5
1
1

1
1
2
5

3
1
1

3

2
2
6
3
2

1
2
2
2

1

1
1

$87.50 and under $90.00----------------------------------------------

1
4
2
i

1
1

14

4

29

5

1

4
1
2

4
1
i

1

$80.00 and under $82.50----------------------------------------------

$95.00 and under $97.50____________________________________

1
2
1
2

i

1

1
1

1
3
1
i

1
1
5
8
3
2
3
2
i

3
3
2
1
1

1

1

1

3
2
1

1
1

1
1

2
1
1

2
1
1

10

18

5

XXX

13

XXX

24

18

2

XXX

16

XXX

3
1
i

E stablish m ents which did not em ploy w ork ers

See footn otes at end of tables.







T a b le B -2 .

S h ift d iffe re n tia ls

(Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plantworkers by type and amount of pay differential,
Austin, Tex., December 1972)
^AlljD lantw orkejrs^njrnt^^
P e r c e n t of m anufacturing plan tw orkers—
L a te -s h ift pay provision

In establishm ents having p rovision s 7
fo r late shifts
Second shift

T o t a l __

__

_______________________________ _

T h ird o r other
shift

A ctu a lly w orking on late shifts
Second shift

T h ird o r other
shift

74.0

40.1

13.1

1.2

N o pay d iffe re n tia l fo r w ork on late s h ift_______

9.6

_

3.2

_

P a y d iffe re n tia l fo r w ork on late s h ift__________

64.4

40.1

9.9

1.2

48.3

24.1

7.5

1.1

_

_

_

Type and amount of d iffe re n tia l:
U n iform cents (p e r h o u r)__________________
5 c e n ts ____________________________________
10 cen ts___________________________________
15 cen ts___________________________________
20 cents___________________________________
30 cen ts-------------------------------------------U niform p e rc e n ta g e ________________________
10 percent________________________________
1 2 pe r c e nt _____________________________
15 percent----------------------------------------F u ll d a y's pay fo r reduced hours plus
10 percen t d ifferen tia ]____________________

See footn ote at end of tables.

4.2
7.5
26.4
10.2
-

3.7
10.2
10.1

1.2
4.5
1.8
-

11.4

16.1

.8

.1

11.4
-

_
11.4
4.6

.8
-

-

4.6

-

1.7

-

1.1

.1

13

T a b le B -3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly hours and days

(P e r c e n t o f p ia n tw o rk ers and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivis io n s by scheduled w eek ly hours and days
o f fir s t-s h ift w o r k e r s , Austin, T e x ., D ecem ber 1972)
P ia n tw o rk e rs

O ffic e w o rk e r s

W eek ly hours and days
A ll industries

A ll w o r k e r s .

______________________________

30 hours— 5 days________________________________
35 hours— 5 days________________________________
37V2 hours— 5 days______________________________
38 hours— 5 days________________________________
38z hours— 5 days______________________________
/s
40 h o u rs__________________________________________
5 d a y s _________________________________________
5V2 d a y s ------------------------------------------------42 Vj hours— 5 days______________________________
44 hours— 5 days________________________________
45 hours— 5 days________________________________
48 h o u rs __________________________________________
5V2 d a y s ------------------------------------------------6 d a y s _________________________________________
52 hours— 5 days________________________________

See footnote at end of tables.




M anufacturing

100

100

3
6

4
2
69
68
1
1
1
7
8

2
5
( 9)

5

Pu b lic u tilitie s

P u blic u tilities

100

100

100

-

10
19
72
72
(»)
-

20
80
80
-

-

77
77
-

5

5

7
7
1

-

-

Manufacturing

100

85
85
8
2

6

A ll industries

-

100
100
-

14

T a b le B -4 .

A n n u a l p a id h o lid a y s

(Percent of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays, Austin, Tex., December 1972)
P la n tw o rk e rs
Item

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________
W ork ers in establish m ents p rovid in g
paid h o lid a y s ____________________________________
W ork ers in establish m ents p rovid in g
no paid h o lid a y s ________________________________

A ll industries

Manufacturing

O ffic e w o rk e r s
P u b lic u tilitie s

A l l industries

M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

79

95

90

99

100

99

21

5

10

n

-

1

2
10

-

-

"
21
3
15
13
15
7
10
11

19
"
5
7
58
*

Num ber o f days
5 h alf d a y s ________________________________________
1 h oliday___________________________________________
4 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
5 h olidays plus 1 h a lf day________________________
6 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
7 h olidays plus 1 h alf day________________________
8 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
8 h olidays plus 1 h a lf day________________________
9 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
10 h olid a ys____________________________ ____ _______
10 h olidays plus 2 h a lf days_____________________
11 h olidays________________________________________

24
1
10
3
5
13
2
3
4
(’ )

(’ )
1
( 9)
13
( 9)
11
1
3
44

1
22
4

n
( 9)

-

-

( 9)
16
2
5
"
9
40
3
9
17
"

11
( 9)
3
9
76
“

T o ta l h oliday tim e 1
0
11 d a ys.____________________________________________
10 days o r m o r e _______ ______ ________________
9 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
8‘/ days o r m o r e _________________________________
2
8 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
7 V2 days o r m o r e ________________________________
7 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
6 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
5V2 days o r m o r e _________________________________
5 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
4 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
2V2 days o r m o r e ________________________________
1 day o r m o r e _____________________________________

See footn otes at end o f tables,




(’ )
4
8
10
23
28
31
42
43
67
67
69
79

-

11
21
29
44
56
56
71
74
95
95
95
95

-

( 9)

4

-

58
66
71
71
71
90
90
90
90

26
27
71
74
74
85
86
98
98
98
99

-

17
25
28
68
77
77
82
84
99
100
100
100

76
85
88
88
88
99
99
99
99

15

T a b le B -4 a .

Id e n tific a tio n o f m a j o r p aid h o lid a y s

(P e r c e n t o f p la n tw o rk ers and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in d u stries and in in du stry d ivis io n s by paid h olidays, A u stin, T e x ., D ece m b er 1972)
P la n tw o rk e rs
H oliday

A ll w o r k e r s _________________________________

N ew Y e a r 's D a y_________________________________
W ashington's B irth da y__________________________
Good F r id a y ____________________________________
M e m o r ia l Day____________________________________
Fourth o f July____________________________________
L a b o r Day________________________________________
Columbus Day____________________________________
V eteran s Day_____________________________________
Th anksgivin g D a y ________________________________
Day a fte r T h an ksgivin g_________________________
C h ristm a s E ve . ________________________________
C h ristm a s E ve , h alf day________________________
C h ristm a s Day___________________________________
N ew Y e a r 's E ve, h alf d a y ______________________
F lo a tin g h oliday, 1 day 12_______________________
F lo a tin g h oliday, 2 days 1 ______________________
2
F lo a tin g h oliday, 3 days 1 ______________________
2
F lo a tin g h oliday, 4 days 1 ______________________
2
E m p lo y e e 's b irth d a y _ ___ _ ____ _______

See footnote a t end of ta b les.




O ffic e w o rk e rs

A ll industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

67
4
13
29
67
67

95
13
21
62
95
95

90
1
66
71
90
90

99
21
14
77
98
98
28
34
99
25
5
3
99
1
22
3
3
4
2

100
5
32
67
100
99
100
31
20
11
100
3
18
11
17
7

99
3
85
88
99
99
73
99
3
9
99

P u b lic u tilities

-

-

-

5
67
7
3
6
77
2
6
1
3
4
10

-

95
23
6
15
95
7
18
4
11
7

57
90
5
7
90
-

-

A ll industries

M anufacturing

Pu b lic u tilities

-

-

-

16

T a b le B -5 . P a id v a c a tio n s
(Percent of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Austin, Tex., December 1972)
P la n tw o rk ers

O ffic e w o rk e r s

V acation p o lic y
A ll indu stries

A ll w o r k e r s _________________________________

Manufacturing

P u blic u tilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Pu b lic u tilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

95
95

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

5

'

■

~

“

"

_

13
25
6

14
31
-

73
9

31
67
2
-

82
18
-

6
(’ )
94
-

Method of paym ent
W ork ers in establishm ents p rovid in g
paid va ca tion s________________ _
______________
L e n g th -o f-tim e pa ym en t___________ _________
W o rk ers in establishm ents p rovid in g
no paid va ca tion s_____________ _________________
Amount o f vacation pay 1
3
A ft e r 6 months o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek______________________________________
1 week_________ ___________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________

7
20
2

10
24
5

57
7

67
25
1
2

59
33
3
5

79
21
-

21
78
( 9)

30
5
58
1
2

23
69
3
5

14
2
84
-

4
1
94
( 9)
1

7
86
2
5

14
(’ )
78
1
2

9
83
3
5

2
98
-

2
( 9)
97
( 9)
1

3
90
2
5

14
(’ )
78
1
2

9
83
3
5

2
( 9)
97
(’ )
1

3
90
2
5

1
(’ )
86
( 9)
13

_

.

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek.
2 w e e k s _________________ __________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ____ ______ ______________________________

-

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____ ________________
2 w e e k s _________ _________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________

-

-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eeks
.
_
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____ _______ _________________ __ __ _

-

_
( 9)
99
-

A ft e r 4 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek__________ __________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________

_
2
98
-

_
(9)
99

-

-

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _______ ____________________ ____________

See footnotes at end of tables.




10
( 9)
72
1
12

.

61
3
36

_

2
98
-

53
2
46

( 9)
99

-

17

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Percent of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Austin, Tex., December 1972)
O ffic e w o rk e rs

P la n tw o rk e rs
V acation p o licy
A l l industries

Manufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Pu b lic u tilities

11

Am ount o f vacation pay 13— Continued

A ft e r 10 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________ _____________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
4 w e e k s _____ ___________________________________ _

10
39
1
43
2

_
31
3
61
5

21
79
-

i
23
17
57
2

24
2
72
2

89
-

10
37
1
45
2

27
3
65
5

21
79
-

1
20
17
60
2

13
2
84
2

11
89
*

10
34
1
39
11

25
3
40
32

19
76
5

1
19
(’ )
68
11

12
2
46
40

11
86
3

10
34
1
21
(’ >
27
2

-

25
3
31
36
5

8
2
71
-

1
19
( 9)
33
( 9)
46
( 9)

19
8
2
12
58

i
19
( 9)
34
( 9)
36
10

19

19
( 9)
34
(’ )
34
12

-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek___________________________ _________________
2 w e e k s ____ ______________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
A ft e r 15 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek______________________________________________
2 weeks
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________

_

A ft e r 20 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek____________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________

-

19
-

-

12
2
43
-

41
2

-

11
-

1
(’ )
88
-

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w eeks . ___
_
_ _ __ __
5 w eeks

10
32
1
23
(’ >
18
11

20
3
36
-

24
17

11
2
45
-

25
18

_
11
1
(’ )
12
76

M axim u m vacation a v a ila b le *
1
2 w e e k s ______________________________ ____________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________

10
32
1
23
n
16
12

* E stim a tes o f p rovis ion s fo r 30 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e a re iden tica l.

See footnotes at end of tables.




20
3
36
-

20
21

-

8
2
12
58

11
2
45
-

18
25

11
-

1
( 9)
12
76

18

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s

(Percent of plantworkers and officew orkers in a ll in du stries and in industry divisions employed in establishm ents providing
health, in suran ce, or pension benefits, Austin, T ex., Decem ber 1972)
Officeworker s

Plantw orkers
Type of benefit and
financing 14

All w orkers_____________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing at
le a st 1 of the benefits shown below _________
L ife in su ra n ce __________________________
Noncontributory p la n s_________________
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
in suran ce_______________________________
Noncontributory p la n s _________________
Sickn ess and accident in suran ce or
sick leave or both 15____________________

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

95

100

100

99

100

100

69
37

96
59

100
84

89
40

94
56

100
91

43
23

54
32

83
68

67
43

34
22

87
79

63

61

94

95

89

97

Sickn ess and accident in su ran ce_______
Noncontributory p la n s______________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)_______________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)_______________________

20
13

34
34

23
12

33
13

53
53

13
12

34

36

23

81

79

11

17

6

57

11

(9)

73

Long-term d isability in su ran ce------------Noncontributory p la n s----------------------H ospitalization insurance- _____________
Noncontributory p la n s_________________
S u rgical in su ran ce________________________
Noncontributory p la n s_________________
M edical in su ra n ce ________________________
Noncontributory p la n s_________________
M ajor m edical in su ran ce _________________
No’-'contributory p la n s_________________
Dental in su ran ce _________________________
Noncontributory p la n s_________________
Retirem ent pension_______________________
Noncontributory p la n s_________________

15
12
80
46
80
46
80
46
78
46
53
37

34
34
100
65
100
65
100
65
100
65

10
7
100
76
100
76
100
76
95
71

41
17
94
56
94
56
94
56
94
56

86
70

75
62

See footnotes at end of tab le s.




-

61
56

-

39
39
100
77
100
77
100
77
100
77

10
9
100
91
100
91
100
91
97
88

~
-

74
69

89
85

19

F o o tn o te s
A ll

of th ese

s ta n d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y not a p p ly t o th is b u lle tin .

1 S tan d ard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r an d/ o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h j o b b y to t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
Th e m edian
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a t e sho wn; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown.
The m iddle
r a n g e i s d e fi n e d b y 2 r a t e s of p ay; a f o u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r th e a r n m o r e than the h i g h e r r a t e .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h if ts .
4 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e p a i d f o r s ta n dard
w orkw eeks.
5 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6 Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s tan da rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s tan d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7 In c lu d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r late
s h i f t s , e v e n though the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h if ts .
8 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
1 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s of f u l l and h a l f d ays that add to the s a m e am ount a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a
0
t o t a l of 9 d ays i n c lu d e s th o s e w ith 9 f u l l days and no h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d ay s and 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s and 4 h a l f d a y s , and s o on. P r o p o r t i o n s
th en w e r e c u m u la te d .
1 T h e s e d ays a r e p r o v i d e d as p a r t o f a C h r i s t m a s — e w Y e a r h o l i d a y p e r i o d w h i c h t y p i c a l l y b e g in s w ith C h r i s t m a s E v e and ends w ith
1
N
N e w Y e a r ' s D ay. Such a h o l i d a y p e r i o d is c o m m o n in the a u t o m o b i l e , a e r o s p a c e , and f a r m i m p l e m e n t i n d u s t r i e s .
Because of y e a r - t o - y e a r
v a r i a t i o n in the n u m b e r of w o r k d a y s d u r in g the p e r i o d , p a y f o r a Sunday in D e c e m b e r , f r e q u e n t l y r e f e r r e d to as a "b on u s h o l i d a y , " m a y be
p r o v i d e d to e q u a l i z e e a c h y e a r ' s t o t a l h o l i d a y p ay.
1 " F l o a t i n g " h o l i d a y s v a r y f r o m y e a r to y e a r a c c o r d i n g t o e m p l o y e r o r e m p l o y e e c h o i c e .
2
1 In c l u d e s p a y m e n t s oth e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n i n g s or f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u i v a l e n t
3
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t of annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s p a y . P e r i o d s of s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and do not
n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t in d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s at 10 y e a r s i n c lu d e c h a n ge s b e t w e e n 5 and 10
y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3
w e e k s 1 pay a fte r fe w e r y e a r s of s e r v ic e .
14 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l plans f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e by the e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
p l a n s " i n c lu d e only th o s e f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r .
E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
15 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e or s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S i c k l e a v e plans a r e
l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that e a c h e m p l o y e e can e x p e c t .
In fo rm a l sick le a v e
a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .







-

A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c r ip t io n s
The prim ary purpose of preparing job d escriptions for the B u reau's wage surveys is to a s s is t its field staff in classify in g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangem en ts from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from are a to a re a . This p erm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content. B ecause of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and in terare a com parability of occupational content, the B u reau 's job descriptions m ay differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other p urp oses. In applying these job d escrip tion s, the B u reau 's field econom ists a re instructed
to exclude working su p e rv iso rs; apprentices; le a rn e rs; beginners; train e es; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

OFFICE
C LER K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL L E R , MACHINE
P re p a re s statem en ts, b>ils, and invoices on a m achine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also k£ep reco rd s as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
c le ric al work incidental to billing operations. F o r wage study p urposes, b ille r s , m achine, are
c la ssifie d by type of m achine, as follows:
B ille r, m achine (billing m achine). U ses a sp ecial billing machine (combination typing
and adding m achine/ to p rep are b ills and invoices from cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e rs, in ter­
nally p rep ared o rd e rs, shipping m em orandum s, etc. U sually involves application of p re ­
determ ined discounts and shipping charges and entry of n ece ssa ry extensions, which m ay or
m ay not be computed on the billing m achine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m achine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
B ille r, machine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to p rep are cu sto m ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable o p era­
tion. G enerally involves the sim ultaneous entry of figu res on cu stom ers' ledger record . The
m achine autom atically accum ulates figu res on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints autom atically the debit or credit balan ces. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and credit slip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record
of bu sin ess tran sactio n s.
C la ss A. Keeps a set of reco rd s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determ ines proper reco rd s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
C la ss B. Keeps a record of one or m ore p h ases or sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. P h ases or section s include accounts payable,
payroll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d escribed under b iller,
m achine), co st distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting departm ent.
C LE R K , ACCOUNTING
P erfo rm s one or m ore accounting c le ric al task s such as posting to r e g iste rs and led g ers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, com pleteness, and m athem atical
accu racy of accounting documents; assignin g p rescrib ed accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for c le ric al accuracy various types of rep o rts, lis t s , calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing sim ple or a ssistin g in preparing m ore com plicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work req u ires a knowledge of c le ric al methods and office p ractices and procedures
which re late s to the c le ric al processin g and recording of tran saction s and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becom es fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedures used in the assign ed work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al
prin cip les of bookkeeping and accounting.




P osition s a re c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Under general supervision, perform s accounting c le ric a l operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for exam ple, c le rically processin g com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran saction s, selecting among a substantial variety of
p rescrib e d accounting codes and c la ssifica tio n s, or tracin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d iscre p an cies. May be a ssiste d by one or m ore
c la ss B accounting cle rk s.
C la ss B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized p ro­
cedu res, perform s one or m ore routine accounting cle ric al operations, such as posting to
le d g e rs, c a rd s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and locations of postings are
cle arly indicated; checking accu racy and com pleteness of standardized and repetitive record s
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p rescrib e d accounting codes.
C LER K , F IL E
F ile s, c la s s ifie s , and retrieves m aterial in an established filing system . May perform
c le rical and m anual task s required to m aintain files. P ositions are c la ssifie d into levels on the
b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . C la s sifie s and indexes file m aterial such a s correspondence, rep o rts, tech­
nical docum ents, e tc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
m atter file s. May also file this m ate rial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a sm all group of lower level file c le rk s.
C la ss B . S o rts, codes, and files unclassified m ate rial by sim ple (subject m atter) head­
ings or partly c la ssifie d m aterial by finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c r o ss-re fe re n c e aid s. As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and fo r ­
wards m ate rial. May perform related cle ric al task s required to m aintain and service file s.
C la ss C . P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been cla ssifie d or which
is e asily c la ssifie d in a sim ple se ria l classificatio n system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or num erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m a ­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. May perform sim ple cle ric al and manual task s
required to m aintain and service files.
C L E R K , ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers' o rd ers for m ate rial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting p rices to custom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to m ake up the order; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departm ents to be filled . May check with credit
department to determ ine cred it rating o( custom er, acknowledge receipt of ord e rs from custom ers,
follow up o rd e rs to see that they have been filled, keep file of o rd ers received, and check shipping
invoices with original o rd e rs.
C LER K, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n ece ssa ry data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on tim e or production record s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such a s w ork er's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May m ake out paychecks and
a s s is t paym aster in m aking up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: Since the la st survey in this a re a , the Bureau has (1) discontinued collecting data for Com ptometer o p e rato rs, (2) changed
the electron ics technicians c la ssifica tio n from a single level to a three level job, and (3) begun collecting data for warehousem en.

21

22
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

O perates a keypunch m achine to reco rd or v erify alphabetic and/or num eric data on
tabulating card s or on tape.

NOTE: The term "corp orate o fficer, " used in the level definitions following, refe rs to
those o fficials who have a significant corporate-w ide policym aking role with regard to m ajor
company activ ities. The title "vice p re sid e n t," though norm ally indicative of this rold, does not
in all c a se s identify such positions. Vice presiden ts whose p rim ary resp on sibility is to act p e r­
sonally on individual c a se s or tran saction s (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
adm inister individual tru st accounts; directly sup ervise a cle ric al staff) a re not considered to be
"corp orate o ffic e r s" for p urposes of applying the following level definitions.

P ositions are c la ssifie d into lev e ls on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. Work req u ires the application of experience and judgment in selectin g p ro ce­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selectin g, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a variety of source docum ents. On occasion may a lso perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch o p e rato rs.
C la ss B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or in struction s, works from v ariou s standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows sp ecified p ro ced u res which have been p rescrib e d in detail and reqtiire
little or no selectin g, coding, or in terpreting of data to be recorded. R e fe rs to su p ervisor
problem s a risin g from erroneous item s or codes or m issin g information.
M ESSENGER (Office Boy or Girl)
P erfo rm s v ariou s routine duties such as running e rran d s, operating m inor office m a ­
chines such a s s e a le r s or m a ile r s , opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le ric a l work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
A ssigned a s p erso n al se c r e ta r y , norm ally to one individual. M aintains a close and highly
respon sive relationship to the day-to-day work of the su p e rv iso r. Works fairly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erfo rm s varied c le ric a l and se c r e ta r ia l
duties, usually including m ost of the following:
a. R eceives telephone c a lls , person al c a lle r s , and incoming m ail, answ ers routine
in quires, and routes technical in quiries to the proper p erson s;
b.

E sta b lish e s, m ain tain s, and r e v ise s the su p e rv iso r's file s;

c.

M aintains the su p e rv iso r's calendar and m akes appointments a s instructed;

d.

R elays m e ssa g e s from su p e rv iso r to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, m em orandum s, and rep orts prepared by others for the
su p e rv iso r's signature to a ss u r e procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

P erfo rm s stenographic and typing work.

May a lso perform other c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l ta sk s of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically req u ires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p r o g ra m s, and procedures related to the work of the su p e rv iso r.
Exc lusions
Not a ll positions that are titled "s e c re ta r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a ra c te ristic s. E xam ples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are a s follows:
a.

P osition s which do not m eet the "p e rso n al" secre tary concept described above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in s e c r e ta r ia l type duties;

c. Stenographers servin g a s office a ssista n ts to a group of p ro fessio n al, technical, or
m an agerial p erso n s;
d. S ec re ta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or
substantially m ore com plex and respon sible than those characterized in the definition;
e. A ssista n t type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore respon sible tech­
n ical, adm in istrativ e, su p erv iso ry, or sp ecialized c le ric a l duties which are not typical of
se c r e ta r ia l work.




C la ss A
1. S ecretary to the chairm an of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre tary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre tary to the head, im m ediately below the corporate officer level, of a m ajor
segm ent or su bsid iary of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss B
1. S ecre tary to the chairm an of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, fewer than 100 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre tary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre tary to the head, im m ediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g ., m arketing, rese arch , operations, industrial r e la ­
tions, etc.) o£ a m ajo r geographic or organizational segm ent (e.g ., a regional head quarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4. S ecre tary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 p e rso n s; or
5. S ecre tary to the head of a la rge and im portant organizational segm ent (e.g., a middle
m anagem ent su p ervisor of an organizational segm ent often involving as many a s sev e ral
hundred p erson s) or a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss C
1. S ecre ta ry to an executive or m an agerial person whose resp on sibility is not equivalent
to one of the sp ecific level situations in the definition for c la s s B, but whose organizational
unit norm ally num bers at le a st sev eral dozen em ployees and is usually divided into o rgan iza­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in oth ers, only one or two; or
2. S ecre tary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, few er than 5,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss D
1. S ecre ta ry to the su p ervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 p erson s); or
2. S ecretary to a n onsupervisory staff sp e c ia list, p rofession al employee, ad m in istra­
tive officer, or a ssista n t, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many com panies assign
sten ographers, rather than se c r e ta r ie s a s d escribed above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tran scrib e the dictation. May
a lso type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasion ally tran scrib e
from voice recordings (if p rim ary duty is tran scrib in g from record in gs, see Transcribing-M achine
O perator, G eneral).
NO TE: This job is distinguished from that of a se c re ta ry in that a secretary norm ally
works in a confidential relationship with only one m an ager or executive and perform s m ore
respon sible and d iscretion ary task s as d escribed in the se c r e ta r y job definition.
Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May m aintain file s , keep sim ple reco rd s,
or perform other relatively routine c le rical ta sk s.

23
STENOGRAPHER—Continued

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)—Continued

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such a s in legal briefs
or rep o rts on scien tific rese arc h . May also set up and m aintain file s, keep reco rd s, etc.
OR
P erfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly g reater independence and respon ­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requ ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accu racy; a thorough working knowledge of general busin ess
and office procedure; and of the specific bu sin ess operations, organization, p o licies, p roce­
d u res, file s, workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
respon sible c le ric al task s such as m aintaining followup files; assem bling m ate rial for rep orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte r s; com posing sim ple letters from general in struction s; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. P erfo rm s full telephone information serv ice or handles
com plex c a lls , such as conference, collect, o v e rse as, or sim ilar ca lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, c la ss B, or a s a full-tim e
assignm ent. ( "F u ll" telephone information serv ice occurs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information p urp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping or in terrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls.)
C la s s B . O perates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. May handle routine long distance ca lls and record tolls.
May perform lim ited telephone information serv ic e . ("L im ited " telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishm ent serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information p u rp o ses, or if the requ ests are routine, e.g ., giving extension numbers when
sp ecific names are furnished, or if com plex calls are referred to another operator.)
These c la ssific a tio n s do not include switchboard o p erators in telephone com panies who
a s s is t custo m ers in placing c a lls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR - RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, a cts a s receptionist and m ay also type or perform routine cle rical work a s part of regular
duties. This typing or c le ric al work m ay take the m ajor part of this w orker's tim e while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
O perates one or a variety of m achines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, in ter­
p reter, so rte r , reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working su p e rv iso rs.
Also excluded are o p erators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay also operate
EAM equipment.

Positions are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. P erfo rm s complete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. A ssignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex rep orts which often are irre g u lar or nonrecurring, requiring
som e planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new op erators in m achine operations or training
lower level op erators in wiring from d iagram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex rep o rts. Does not include positions in which wiring respon sibility is lim ited to
selection and in sertion of prew ired boards.
C la ss B . P erfo rm s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
stru ctions. A ssignm ents typically involve complete but routine and recu rrin g reports or parts
of la rg e r and m ore com plex rep orts. O perates m ore difficult tabulating or e lectrical a c ­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler m achines
used by c la ss C o p erato rs. May be required to do som e wiring from d iagram s. May train
new em ployees in basic machine operations.
C la ss C. Under specific instructions, operates sim ple tabulating or electrical accounting
m achines such a s the so rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from d iag ram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to tran scrib e dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine reco rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple c le rical work.
Workers tran scrib ing dictation involving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as
legal b rie fs or rep orts on scientific rese arch are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is c la ssifie d a s a stenographer.
TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m ate rials or to m ake out bills after calcu la­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate ­
r ia ls for use in duplicating p r o c e sse s. May do c le rical work involving little sp ecial training, such
a s keeping sim ple reco rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
C la ss A. P erfo rm s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from sev e ral so u rces; or respon sibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; or planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tab les to m aintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form le tte rs, varying d etails to suit circum stan ces.
C la ss B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
d rafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance p o licie s, etc.; or setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore com plex tab les already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR
M onitors and op erates the control console of a digital com puter to p ro ce ss data according
to operating instruction s, usually prepared by a p ro g ram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape r e e ls , c a rd s, etc.); switches n ec e ssa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and sta rts
and op erates com puter; m akes adjustm ents to computer to co rrect operating problem s and m eet
sp ecial conditions; reviews e rr o r s made during operation and determ ines cause or re fe r s problem
to su p erv iso r or p ro gram er; and m aintains operating rec o rd s. May test and a s s is t in correctin g
p rogram .
F o r wage study p urp o ses, computer op erato rs are c la ssifie d as follows:

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p rogram s required; alternate p rogram s are provided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rro r situ a­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed corrective step s, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under d irect supervision a com puter running p rogram s or segm ents of p rogram s
with the ch a ra c te ristic s described for. c la ss A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult task s assign ed , and perform ing difficult task s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p rogram s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ra m s. Usually has received som e form al training in computer operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex p ro g ram s.

C la ss A. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro gram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: New p rogram s are frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of c ritical im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p ro g ram s are of com plex design so that identification of e rro r source often requ ires a
working knowledge of the total p rogram , and alternate p rogram s may not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level o p erato rs.

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

C la ss B . O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro g ram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: Most of the p rogram s are established
production runs, typically run on a regu larly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testing

Converts statem ents of bu sin ess problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which a re required to solve the problem s by automatic data
p rocessin g equipment. Working from charts or d iag ram s, the p rogram er develops the p recise in­
structions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation




24
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS—Continued
of data to achieve d esired re su lts. Work involves m ost of the following: Applies knowledge of
com puter capab ilities, m athem atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and d iagram s of the problem to be program ed; develops sequence
of program step s; w rites detailed flow ch arts to show order in which data will be p ro cessed ;
converts these ch arts to coded instructions for machine to follow; te sts and c o rre cts p rog ram s;
p rep a re s instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and a lters
p ro gram s to in cre ase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains record s of
program development and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s an alysis and pro­
gram ing should be c la ssifie d as sy stem s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim a rily resp o n sible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or p ro g ra m ers p rim arily concerned with scientific
and/or engineering problem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, p ro g ra m ers are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all phases of program ing concepts and p ractice s. Working from d ia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d esired r e su lts, m ajor p ro cessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relation sh ips between variou s step s of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving d esired end products.
At this level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce sev e ral in terrelated but d iv erse products from numerous and d iverse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro cessin g actions m ust occur. This requ ires
such actions a s development of common operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustm ents to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter sto rage capacity, and substantial m anipulation and resequencing of data elem ents
to form a highly integrated p rogram .
May provide functional direction to lower level p ro g ra m ers who a re assign ed to a s s is t .
C la ss B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ram s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ra m s. P rog ram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listin g s are produced by refining, adapting, arrayin g, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous record s m ay be
p ro c essed , the data have been refined in p rior actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p ro gram s (as described for c la ss A) under close direction of a higher
level p ro g ram er or su p e rv iso r. May a s s is t higher level p rogram er by independently p e r ­
form ing le s s difficult ta sk s assign ed , and perform ing m ore difficult task s under fairly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m ers.
C la ss C. Makes p ractical applications of program ing p ractice s and concepts usually
learned in form al training c o u rse s. A ssignm ents are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problem s. R eceives close supervision on new
a sp e cts of assign m en ts; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with
required p ro ced ures.
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes bu sin ess problem s to form ulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data p ro cessin g equipment. Develops a com plete description of all specifications needed to enable
p ro g ra m ers to p rep are required digital computer p ro g ram s. Work involves m ost of the following:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and c rite r ia required
to achieve satisfa c to ry r e su lts; sp ecifies number and types of reco rd s, file s , and documents to
be used; .outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to m anagem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in trial runs of
new and rev ised sy stem s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an aly sis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as sy stem s an alysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily respon sible for the m anagem ent or supervision
of other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or system s analysts p rim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, system s analysts are cla ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s involving all phases of system s a n aly sis. P roblem s are com plex because of d iverse so u rces of
input data and m ultiple-u se requirem ents of output data. (For exam ple, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost a n a ly sis, and sa le s an alysis record in which




COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS—Continued
every item of each type is autom atically p ro c e sse d through the full system of records and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) C onfers with person s concerned to
determ ine the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad vises subject-m atter personnel on the im plica­
tions of new or revised sy stem s of data p ro cessin g operations. M akes recom m endations, if
needed, for approval of m ajor sy stem s in stallations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level system s analysts who a re assign ed to
a s s is t .
C la ss B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p ro g ram , and operate. P roblem s a re of lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data a re homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F or exam ple, develops sy stem s for m aintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or wholesale establishm ent.) C onfers with person s concerned to determine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad v ise s su bject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p ro cessin g system s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p ro cessin g schem e or system , as d escribed for
c la ss A. Works independently on routine assign m en ts and receives instruction and guidance
on com plex assign m en ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgment, compliance with
in struction s, and to insure proper alinem ent with the overall system .
C la ss C . Works under im m ediate supervision , carryin g out an alyses as assign ed , usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of procedures and sk ills required for system s an aly sis work. For exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level sy stem s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by p ro g ra m ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C la ss A. Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
featu res that differ significantly from establish ed drafting p receden ts. Works in clo se sup­
port with the design originator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationsh ips of com ­
ponents and p arts. Works with a minimum of supervisory a ssista n c e . Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with p rior engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsm en .
C la ss B . P erform s nonroutine and com plex drafting assign m en ts that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working drawings of su b a sse m b lie s with irre g u la r shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p recise positional relation sh ips between components; p rep a re s a rch i­
tectu ral drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssa ry
computations to determ ine quantities of m ate rials to be used, load cap acitie s, strengths,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives initial in struction s, requ irem ents, and advice from su p ervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or p arts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or rep air p u rp oses. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. C onsolidates d etails from a number of sou rces
and adjusts or tran sp o se s scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
preceden ts, and advice on source m a te ria ls are given with initial assign m en ts. Instructions
a re le s s com plete when assignm ents recu r. Work m ay be spot-checked during p ro g re ss.
DRAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracin g cloth or paper over
drawings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive drawings of e asily v isu alized item s. Work is closely supervised
during p r o g re ss.
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment and related d evices by perform ing one
or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, rep airin g, overhauling, troubleshooting,
modifying, constructing, and testin g. Work requ ires p ractical application of technical knowledge
of electron ics p rin cip les, ability to determ ine m alfunctions, and sk ill to put equipment in required
operating condition.

25
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN—Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN—Continued

The equipment— con sisting of either many different kinds of circu its or m ultiple repetition
of the sam e kind of circuit— includes, but is not lim ited to, the following: (a) E lectronic tr a n s­
m itting and receiving equipment (e .g ., rad a r, radio, television , telephone, son ar, navigational
a id s), (b) digital and analog com puters, and (c) in dustrial and m ed ical m easurin g and controlling
equipment.
This c la ssific a tio n excludes repairm en of such standard electronic equipment as common
office m achines and household radio and television se ts; production a sse m b le rs and t e ste r s; work­
e r s whose p rim ary duty is servicin g electronic te st instrum ents; technicians who have adm in is­
trativ e or su p erv iso ry respon sibility; and d raftsm en , d e sig n e rs, and p rofession al engineers.
P osition s a re c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually com plex problem s
(i.e ., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to m an ufacturers' m anuals or
sim ila r documents) in working on electronic equipment. Exam ples of such problem s include
location and density of circu itry, electro-m agnetic radiation, isolating m alfunctions, and
frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of the in terrelation ­
ships of circ u its; exe rcisin g independent judgment in perform ing such task s a s making circuit
an a ly se s, calculating wave fo rm s, tracin g relationships in signal flow; and regu larly using
com plex te st instrum ents (e.g ., dual trac e o sc illo sc o p es, Q -m eters, deviation m e te rs, pulse
g en erato rs).
Work m ay be reviewed by su p erv iso r (frequently an engineer or designer) for general
com pliance with accepted p ractice s. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.
C la s s B . A pplies com prehensive technical knowledge to solve com plex problem s (i.e .,
those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting m an ufacturers' m anuals or
s im ila r documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A fam iliarity with
the in terrelatio n sh ip s of c irc u its; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testin g instrum ents, usually le s s com plex than those used by the c la ss A technician.

R eceives technical guidance, as required, from su p e rv iso r or higher level technician,
and work is reviewed for specific com pliance with accepted p ractice s and work assignm ents.
May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.
C la ss C . Applies working technical knowledge to p erform sim ple or routine task s in
working on electron ic equipment, following detailed in struction s which cover virtually all
p roced u res. Work typically involves such task s a s: A ssistin g higher level technicians by
perform ing such activities as replacing components, wiring c irc u its, and taking te st readings;
repairing sim ple electronic equipment; and using tools and common te st instrum ents (e.g.,
m u ltim eters, audio signal gen erators, tube t e s t e r s , o sc illo sc o p e s). Is not required to be
fa m ilia r with the in terrelation sh ips of circu its. This knowledge, however, m ay be acquired
through assign m en ts designed to in crease competence (including c la ssro o m training) so that
worker can advance to higher level technician.
R eceives technical guidance, as required, from su p e rv iso r or higher level technician.
Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignm ents
are involved.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)
A reg iste re d n urse who gives nursing serv ice under general m ed ical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other person s who become ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving fir s t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d re ssin g of em ployees' in ju rie s; keeping records
of patients treated ; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purp oses; a ssistin g in
physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a rr y ­
ing-out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other a ctivities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel. Nursing su p e rv iso rs
or head n u rses in establishm ents employing m ore than one n urse are excluded.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPEN TER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties n e c e ssa ry to construct and m aintain in good rep air build­
ing woodwork and equipment such a s bins, c r ib s, counters, benches, p artition s, d oors, flo o rs,
s t a ir s , c a sin g s, and trim m ade of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or verbal in struction s; using a
variety of ca rp e n te r's handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents; m ak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m a te ria ls n ece ssa ry
for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.

F ir e s station ary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or op erates a m echanical stoker, g a s, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety v alv es. May clean, o il, or a s s is t in rep airin g boilerroom equipment.

ELECTR ICIA N , MAINTENANCE
P erfo rm s a variety of e le ctric a l trade functions such a s the in stallation, m aintenance, or
re p a ir of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of ele ctric energy in an e sta b ­
lishm ent. Work involves m o st of the following: Installing or rep airin g any of a variety of e le c ­
tr ic a l equipment such a s g en erato rs, tr a n sfo rm e rs, sw itchboards, con trollers, circuit b r e a k e r s ,
m o to rs, heating units, conduit sy stem s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from blue­
p rin ts, draw ings, layouts, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrica l
system o r equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or
e le ctric a l equipment; and using a v ariety of e le ctric ia n 's handtools and m easurin g and testing
in strum en ts. In g en eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requ ires rounded training and
experien ce usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGIN EER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and m ay a lso su p erv ise the operation of station ary engines and
equipment (m echanical or e le ctrical) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrige ratio n , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining equipment
such a s steam engines, a ir c o m p re sso rs, g e n e rato rs, m o to rs, turbin es, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
eratin g equipment, steam b o ilers and b o iler-fed w ater pum ps; making equipment r e p a irs; and
keeping a reco rd of operation of m achinery, tem p eratu re, and fuel consumption. May a lso su ­
p e rv ise th ese operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer a re excluded.




H ELPER , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the skilled m aintenance tra d e s, by perform ing specific
or general duties of le s s e r skill-, such a s keeping a worker supplied with m ate rials and tools;
cleaning working a re a , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m ate rials or
to o ls; and perform ing other unskilled ta sk s as d irected by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to p erform v a rie s from trade to trad e: In som e trad e s the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m a te ria ls and to o ls, and cleaning working a re a s; and in others
he is perm itted to p erform sp ecialized machine operations, or p arts of a trade that are also
perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b a sis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Sp ecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine to o ls, such a s jig b o re rs,
cylindrical or su rface grin d e rs, engine lath es, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop too ls, g ag e s, jig s , fix tu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; p ro cessin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds,
sp eed s, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents during operation
to achieve requ isite to le ran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
d re ssin g , to d re s s to o ls, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For
cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o ses, m achine-tool o p e ra to rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded from this classificatio n .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent p arts and new p arts in m aking re p a irs of m etal p arts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and sp ecification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m ach in ist's

26
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

handtools and p recisio n m easuring in strum ents; setting up and operating standard m achine tools;
shaping of m etal p arts to clo se to leran ces; m aking standard shop com putations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feed s, and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working p roperties of
the common m etals; selectin g standard m a te r ia ls , p a r ts , and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem blin g p arts into m ech an ical equipment. In general, the m ach in ist's work
norm ally req u ires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.

Paints and red e co rate s w alls, woodwork, and fix tu res of an establishm ent. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of su rface p ecu liarities and types of paint requ ired for different applica­
tions; preparing su rfa ce for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail
holes and in te rstic e s; and applying paint with sp ray gun or brush. May m ix c o lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or con sisten cy. In gen eral, the work of the
m aintenance painter req u ires rounded training and experience usually acqu ired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
R ep airs autom obiles, bu se s, m o to rtruck s, and tra c to r s of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves most_of_the_following: Examining autom otive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is ­
assem bling equipment and perform ing re p a irs that involve the use of such handtools a s w renches,
g ages, d rills , or sp ecialized equipment in d isasse m b lin g or fitting p arts; replacing broken or
defective p arts from stock; grinding and adjusting v alv es; reassem b lin g and installing the variou s
a sse m b lies in the vehicle and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm en ts; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In gen eral, the work of the automotive m echanic req u ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This c lassificatio n does not include m echanics who rep a ir cu sto m ers' vehicles in auto­
m obile rep air shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R ep airs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the following; Exam ining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dism antling or partly dism antling m achines and perform ing r e p a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scrap in g and fitting p arts; replacing broken or defective p a rts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent p art by a machine shop or sending of the
m achine to a m achine shop fo r m ajo r r e p a ir s; preparing written sp ecification s for m ajor re p a irs
or for the production of p arts ordered from machine shop; reassem b lin g m achines; and making
all n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents fo r operation. In gen eral, the work of a maintenance m echanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. Excluded from this c la ssific a tio n a re w orkers whose p rim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment, and d ism antles and in sta lls m achines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m o st of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; m aking standard shop computations relating to s t r e s s e s , strength of
m a te ria ls, and cen ters of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools,
equipment, and p arts to be used; and in stallin g and m aintaining in good order power tran sm issio n
equipment such as d riv es and speed red u c e rs. In general, the m illw right's work norm ally req u ires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

In stalls or re p a irs w ater, steam , g a s, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following; Laying out of work and m easuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written sp ecification s; cutting variou s siz e s of pipe to
c o rrect lengths with chisel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven o r pow er-driven m achines; assem blin g
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to h angers; m aking standard shop computations relating to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet sp ecificatio n s. In g en eral, the work of the m aintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acqu ired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. W orkers p rim a rily engaged in in stallin g and rep airin g building sanitation
or heating sy stem s a re excluded.
SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b r ic a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good rep a ir the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such a s machine gu ards, g re a se pans, sh elves, lo c k e rs, tan k s, v en tilators, chutes, ducts, m etat
roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following; Planning and laying out all
types of sh eet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specification s; setting
up and operating a ll available types of sh eet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem b lin g; and in stallin g sheet-m etal a rtic le s
a s required. In general, the work of the m aintenance sh eet-m etal w orker requ ires rounded
training and experience usually acqu ired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experien ce.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
C on structs and re p a irs m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fix tu res or dies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following; Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other o ra l and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die m a k e r's handtools and p recisio n m easu rin g instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p rop erties of common m eta ls and a lloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n e c e ssa ry shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feed s, and tooling of m achines; h eat-treating of m etal p arts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and d ies to achieve required q u alities; working to close to le ran ces;
fitting and assem blin g of p arts to p rescrib e d to le ran ces and allow ances; and selectin g appropriate
m a te r ia ls, to o ls, and p r o c e s s e s . In general, the tool and die m a k e r's work req u ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acqu ired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experien ce.
F o r cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o ses, tool and die m ak e rs in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMEN
Guard. P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, m aintaining ord er,
using a rm s or force where n e c e ssa ry . Includes gatem en who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other p erso n s entering.
Watchman. M akes rounds of p re m ise s period ically in protecting property again st fire ,
theft, and ille g a l entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working a re a s and w ashroom s, or
p re m ise s of an o ffice, apartm ent house, or com m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following; Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; rem oving
chips, tra sh , and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fix ­
tu re s or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance s e rv ic e s; and cleaning la v ato rie s,
show ers, and restro o m s. W orkers who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.




LABO RER, MATERIAL HANDLING
A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, sto re , or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading variou s m ate rials and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru ck s, or other tran sportin g devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m a te ria ls or m erchandise in proper storage location; and tran sportin g m ate rials or
m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or w heelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tr a n sfe r o rd e rs for finished goods from stored m erchandise in accord ­
ance with sp ecification s on s a le s s lip s, cu stom ers' o rd e rs, or other in stru ction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep reco rd s of outgoing o r d e r s , requ i­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and p e rfo rm other related duties.

27
PACKER, SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products for shipment or sto rage by placing them in shipping con­
ta in e rs, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of variou s item s of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using exce lsio r or other m ate rial to
prevent breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who a lso m ake wooden boxes or c rate s are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or receiv es and is respon sible for incoming ship­
m ents of m erchandise or other m a te ria ls. Shipping work in volves: A knowledge of shipping p ro­
cedu res, p ra c tic e s, ro u tes, available m eans of tran sportation, and rate s; and preparing record s
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arg e s, and keeping
a file of shipping re c o rd s. May direct or a s s i s t in preparing the m erchandise for shipment.
Receiving work in volves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the c o rrectn ess of shipments
again st bills of lading, in voices, or other rec o rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erchandise or m ate rials to proper departm ents; and m aintaining n ece ssa ry
record s and file s.

TRUCKDRIVER— Continued
follow s:

For wage study p urp oses, tru ck drivers are c la ssifie d by size and type of equipment, as
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tr a ile r capacity.)
T ruckdriver
T ruck d river,
T ruckdriver,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,

(combination of siz e s listed separately)
light (under lV2 tons)
medium (lV2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tra ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to tran sport
goods and m ate rials of all kinds about a warehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study p u rp o ses, w orkers are cla ssifie d by type of truck, as follows:
T rucker, power (forklift)
T rucker, power (other than forklift)

F o r wage study p u rp o ses, w orkers a re c la ssifie d a s follow s:

WAREHOUSEMAN

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

As directed, perform s a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding
of the establish m en t's storage plan. Work involves m ost of the following: Verifying m ate rials
(or m erchandise) again st receiving documents, noting and reporting d iscrep an cies and obvious
dam ages; routing m a te ria ls to p rescrib ed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
m ate rials in accordance with p rescrib ed storage m ethods; rearran ging and taking inventory of
stored m a te ria ls; examining stored m ate rials and reporting deterioration and dam age; removing
m aterial from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in
perform ing warehousing duties.

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in du strial a re a to tran sp ort m a te ria ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such a s : Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, wholesale and retail establish m en ts, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m ers' houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May a lso load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
make m inor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working o rder. D riv e r-sale sm e n and
over-the-road d riv e rs are excluded.




Exclude w orkers whose p rim ary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see shipping
and receiving clerk and packer, shipping), order filling (see order fille r), or operating power
trucks (see truck er, power).

A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e fo llo w in g a re a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
w i l l be a v a ila b le at no c o s t w h ile s u p p lies la s t f r o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the b ack c o v e r .
A la m o g o r d o — a s C ru c e s , N . M e x .
L
A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a .
A m a r illo , T e x .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u gu sta, G a.— C.
S.
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R o u g e , L a .
B ilo x i, G u lfp o rt, and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r id g e p o r t, N o r w a lk , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
C ed ar R a p id s , Iow a
C ham paign—U rb an a, 111.
C h a rle sto n , S.C .
C la r k s v ille , T e n n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C o lo ra d o S p rin g s , C olo.
C olu m b ia, S.C .
C olum bus, G a —A la .
C orpu s C h r is t i, T e x .
C ra n e , Ind.
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e rio r , M inn .—W is .
S
E l Paso, Tex.
E ugen e— p r in g fie ld , O r e g .
S
F a r g o — o o rh e a d , N . D ak —M inn.
M
F a y e t t e v ille , N. C.
F itc h b u rg —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F r e d e r ic k — a g e rs to w n , M d .—P a .—W. V a.
H
F r e s n o , C a lif.
G rand F o r k s , N . Dak.
G rand Islan d — a s tin gs , N e b r .
H
G re e n b o ro —W inston S a lem — igh P o in t, N .C .
H
H a r r is b u r g , P a .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
R e p o rts fo r the fo llo w in g

L ared o , T ex.
Las V ega s, N ev.
L o w e r E a s te rn S h o re , M d —V a.
M a con , Ga.
M a r q u e tte , E sca n a b a , Sault Ste.
M a r ie , M ic h .
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F la .
(B r e v a r d C o.)
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m outh, O cean, and S o m e r s e t
C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la . , and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille , T enn.
N o r th e a s te r n M ain e
N o r w ic h — roton — e w Lon d on, Conn.
G
N
O gden, Utah
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn ard— im i V a lle y —V e n tu ra , C a lif.
S
P an am a C ity , F la .
P o rts m o u th , N .H .— a in e — a ss .
M
M
Fkieblo, C o lo .
R e n o, N e v .
S a cra m e n to , C a lif.
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a r ia —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Sh erm an—D en ison , T e x .
S h re v e p o r t, L a .
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s —Conn.
C
H
T o p e k a , K ans.
Tucson, A r iz .
V a lle jo —F a ir f ie ld —
Napa , C a lif.
W ilm in g to n , D e l—N .J .— d.
M
Yum a, A r iz .

s u rv e y s conducted in the p r io r y e a r but sin ce discon tin u ed a r e a ls o a v a ila b le :

A lp e n a , Standish, and T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A u s tin , T e x . *
F o r t Sm ith , A r k —O kla.
G rea t F a lls , M ont.
*

C o p ie s o f p ublic r e le a s e s a r e or

Expanded to an a r e a w age s u r v e y in fis c a l y e a r

1973.

L e x in g to n , K y . *
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
Stockton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
W ich ita F a lls , T e x .
See in sid e b ack c o v e r .

T h e tw e lfth annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r accou n tan ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accoun tan ts, a tto r n e y s , job a n a ly s ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is ts ,
e n g in e e rs , e n g in e e rin g te c h n ic ia n s , d ra fts m e n , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s . O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1742, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e ,
T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a cop y, fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the b ack c o v e r , or fr o m the
Su perintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ash in gton , D .C ., 20402.




☆ u . s . GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 197 3— 746-190/7 5

Area W ag e

Surveys

A lis t of the la te st a v a i l a b l e bu lle ti n s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e studies inc luding m o r e li m i t e d studies conducted at the
r e q u e s t of the E m p l o y m e n t S t an d ar d s A d m i n i s t r a t i o n of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t.
B u l le t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m any of the B L S
r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the bac k c o v e r , o r f r o m the Supe rinten de nt o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a sh in gt o n , D . C . , 20402.
Area

A k ro n , O hio, D ec. 1972____________________________________
A lb a n y —
Sch en ectad y— r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1972____________
T
A lb u q u erq u e, N. M e x ., M a r. 1972 1_______________________
A lle n to w n — eth leh em —E aston , P a .—N .J ., M ay 1972 1 __
B
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1972 1________________________*
___________
A u stin , T e x ., D ec. 1972 1__________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., Aug. 1972 1_______________________________
B eaum ont— o r t A rth u ir-O ra n g e, T e x ., M a y 1972_______
P
B ingham ton , N .Y ., Ju ly 1972______________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1972_____________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N o v . 19721____________________________
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1972 1________________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 19721__________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t . , D ec. 1972 1_______________________________
Canton, O h io, M a y 1972 1__________________________________
C h a rle s to n , W. V a . , M a r. 1972 1 _________________________
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1973_________________________________
C hattanooga, Tenn.— a . , Sept. 1972 1-------------------------G
C h ic a g o , 111., June 1972____________________________________
C in cin n ati, O hio— y.—In d ., F eb . 1972____________________
K
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1972 1-------------------------------------C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 19721_______________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1972 1__________________________________
D aven p ort— ock Islanch-M oline, Io w a ^ Ill., F eb . 1972 1—
R
D ayton, O hio, D ec. 1972___________________________________
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1972___________________________________
D es M o in e s , Iow a, M ay 1972 1 ____________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., F eb . 1972__________________________________
D urham , N .C ., A p r . 1972 1_________________________________
F o r t L a u d e rd a le — o lly w o o d and W e s t P a lm
H
B ea ch , F la ., A p r . 19721__________________________________
F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O ct. 1972 1------------------------------------G r e e n B a y, W is ., Ju ly 1972 1-------------------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1972________________________________
H ouston, T e x ., A p r . 1972__________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F eb . 19721 ______________________________
In d ian a p o lis, Ind., O ct. 1972 1------------------------------------J ack son , M is s ., Jan. 1972------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1972------------------------------------K an sas C ity , M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1972---------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .— .H ., June 1972 1-----------H
N
L e x in g to n , K y ., N o v . 1972 1----------------------------------------L it t le R ock — o rth L it t le R ock , A r k ., Ju ly 1972 1--------N
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B ea ch and An ah eim —Santa A n a G a rd en G r o v e , C a lif., O ct. 1972 1----------------------------L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., N o v . 1972---------------------------------Lu b b ock , T e x ., M a r. 1972 1----- ----------------------------------M a n c h e s te r, N .H ., July 1972 1-----------------------------------M e m p h is , Tenn.—A r k . , N ov. 1972-------------------------------M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 19721___________________________________
M id la n d and O d e ss a , T e x ., Jan. 1973________—------------l

B u l le t i n n u m b e r
and p r i c e

1775-36,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1725-87,
1725-77,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1725-58,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1725-56,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1725-55,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
45 cents
50 cents
75 cents
30 cents
45 cents
30 cents
50 cents
75 cents
65 cents
50 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
55 cents
70 cents
35 cents
75 cents
55 cents
75 cents
35 cents
40 cents
40 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents

1725-74,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1775-27,
1725-38,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

35 cents
50 cents
55 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
55 cents
30 cents
40 cents
50 cents
35 cents
50 cents
55 cents

1775-38,
1775-37,
1725-57,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75
40
35
55
40
55
35

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

A rea

M ilw a u k e e , W is . , M a y 1972 1_______________________________
M in n ea p o lis—St. P a u l, M in n ., J an. 19 72 1 _________________
M u skegon— u skegon H e igh ts , M ic h ., June 1972 1 ---------M
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1972 1 ------------------N ew H aven, C on n ., J an. 1972 1------------------------------------N ew O rle a n s , L a . , J an. 1972--------------------------------------N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1972 1
________________________________
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B each—P o rts m o u th and
N e w p o rt N ew s— am pton, V a ., Jan. 1972-------------------H
O k lahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1972---------------------------------Om aha, N e b r.—Iow a, Sept. 1972___________________________
P a te r s o n — lifto n — a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1972 1 --------------C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov. 1971 1 _______________________
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1972 1_________________________________
P itts b u r g h , P a ., J an. 1972_________________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e , N ov. 1972----------------------------------------P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a sh ., M a y 1972 1 ----------------------------P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n — ew bu rgh , N .Y .,
N
June 1972 1 ___________________________________________________
P r o v id e n c e —W a rw ic k — a w tu ck e t, R .I.—M a s s .,
P
M a y 1972_____________________________________________________
R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1972--------------------------------------------R ichm ond, V a . , M a r. 1972 1 ________________________________
R iv e r s id e —
San B e rn a rd in o — n ta rio , C a lif.,
O
D ec. 1971____________________________________________________
R o c h e s te r , N .Y . (o ffic e occu pations o n ly ), J u ly 1972---R o c k fo rd , 111., J une 1972 1 ------------------------------------------St. L o u is , M o.—111., M a r. 1972_____________________________
Salt L ak e C ity , Utah, N ov. 1972 1_________________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1972_______________________________
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1972________________________________
San F r a n c is c o — aklan d, C a lif., O ct. 1971 1 ______________
O
San J o s e , C a lif . , M a r. 1972_________________________________
Savannah, G a ., M a y 1972 1 ------------------------------------------Sc ranton, P a . , J u ly 1972____________________________________
S eattle—E v e re tt, W a sh ., J an. 1972_________________________
Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k ., D ec. 1971____________________________
South B end, In d ., M a y 1972 1 _______________________________
Spokane, W a sh ., J une 1972 1________________________________
S y ra c u s e, N .Y ., Ju ly 1972__________________________________
Tam pa—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., Aug. 1972----------------------T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., A p r . 1972 1 __________________________
M
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1972 1__________________________________
U tica—R o m e , N .Y ., July 1972_______________________________
W ash ington , D .C .—M d.—V a . , M a r. 1972 1 ---------------------W a te rb u ry , C on n ., M a r. 1972 1 ____________________________
W a te rlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1972_________________________________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r. 1972 1_________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M ay 1972 1_____________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F eb . 1972 1 ______________________________________
Y oungstow n— a rr e n , O hio, N ov. 1972____________________
W

B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e

1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

45 cents
50 cents
35 cents
50 cents
3 5 cents
30 cents
50 cents

1725-42,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1725-94,
172 5-46,
1775-21,
1725-89,

30 cents
45 cents
40 cents
40 cents
50 cents
55 cents
40 cents
40 cents
35 cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1775-7,
1725-72,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents

1725-43,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1775-33,
1725-67,
177 5-40,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1775-10,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1725-78,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1725-53,
1775-26,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
177 5-19,

30 cents
45 cents
3 5 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
40 cents
50 cents
30 cents
35 cents
45 cents
30 cents
25 cents
35 cents
3 5 cents
45 cents
45 cents
35 cents
55 cents
45 cents
70 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents

F IR S T

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

C LA SS

M A IL

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212
OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
L A B -4 4 1

B U R E A U OF L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R EG ION A L OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region V
I
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St.,
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
VIII
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
Arizona
Idaho
California
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102