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3

^

Area
Wage

Survey
Bulletin 2025-28




?

:

Atlanta, Georgia, Metropolitan Area,
May 1978

Preface
T h is b u ll e tin p r o v i d e s r e s u lt s o f a M a y 1978 s u r v e y o f oc c u p atio n al
e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e fits in the A tla n ta, G e o r g i a , Standar d
M e tr o p o l i ta n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a . T h e s u r v e y was m ad e as p a r t o f the B u re a u
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s 1 annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . It was conducted by
the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in Atla nta, Ga,, under the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f
J e r r y G. A d a m s , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r a t io n s .
The
s u r v e y could not have been a c c o m p l i s h e d with out the c o o p e r a tio n o f the m any
f i r m s wh os e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r ­
m atio n in this bulle tin. T h e B u re a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia tio n
f o r the c o o p e r a tio n r e c e i v e d .

M a t e r i a l in this p ub li catio n is in the pub lic d om ain and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d without p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P le a s e credit




the B u re au
pub lication.

of

Labor

S ta tis tic s

and

c ite

the

name

and

number

of

this

Note:
R e p o rt s on occup atio nal e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
in the Atla nta a r e a a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r d e p a r tm e n t s t o r e s
(M a y 1977),
c on tra c t clean in g (July 1977), m a c h i n e r y m a n u fa c tu rin g (J an uary 1978),
m o v i n g and s to r a g e (M a y 1978), and la u n d ry and d ry c le a n in g (M a y 1978)
in d u s tr ie s . A l s o a v a ila b le a r e r e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y b e nefits f o r m u n ic ip al w o r k e r s in the c ity o f A tla n ta (M a y 1977) as
w e l l as lis tin g s o f union w ag e r a te s f o r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p r in tin g t r a d e s ,
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s
and h e l p e r s , and
g r o c e r y s to r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p i e s o f th e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the
B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s . (See b ac k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

Area
Wage
Survey

Atlanta, Georgia, Metropolitan Area,
May 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

Contents

Page

Page

August 1978
Bulletin 2025-28

Introduction

2

T ables— Continued
Earnings, la r g e establishments—
Continued
A - 12. Hou rly earnings of m ateria l
m ovement and custodial
w o r k e r s ______________________________ 22
A - 13. A v e r a g e hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom , powerplant, m a te r ia l movement, and
custodial w o r k e r s , by s e x __________23

T ables:
A.

Earnings, all establishments:
A -l.
W eek ly earnings of offic e w o r k e r s __
A-2.
W eek ly earnings of profession al
and technical w o r k e r s _______________
A-3.
A v e r a g e w eek ly earnings of
o ffic e, pro fessio nal, and
technical w o r k e r s , by s e x __________
A-4.
Hourly earnings of maintenance,
to olroom , and powerplant
w o r k e r s ______________________________
A - 5. Hourly earnings o f m a te ria l
m ovement and custodial w o r k e r s . . .
A - 6. A v e r a g e hourly earnings of
maintenance, to olroom , powerplant, m a te r ia l m ovement, and
custodial w o r k e r s , by s e x __________
A - 7 . P e r c e n t increases in avera ge
hourly earnings, adjusted f o r
employment shifts, f o r selecte d
occupational groups__________________

3
6
8
B.
10
11

13

14

Earnings, l a r g e establishments:
A - 8 . W e e k ly earnings of offic e w o r k e r s ___15
A - 9 . W eek ly earnings of p ro fes s io n al
and technical w o r k e r s _______________ 17
A - 10. A v e r a g e w e e k ly earnings of
office, p ro fes s ion al, and
technical w o r k e r s , by s e x __________ 19
A - l l . Hourly earnings of maintenance,
to olr oom , and powerplant
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 21

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.




Establishm ent p ra ctice s and
supplementary wag e provisions;
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced typists and c le rk s ___24
B -2 .
L a te - s h ift pay provisions fo r
fu ll- tim e manufacturing
production and related w o r k e r s ____25
B -3.
Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days of
f u ll- tim e f i r s t - s h i f t w o rk e rs ________ 26
B -4 .
Annual paid holidays for full-tim e
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 27
B -5 .
Paid vacation provisions for
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s ____________________ 28
B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension
plans for f u ll- tim e w o r k e r s _________31
B-7.
L i f e insurance plans for
f u ll-tim e w o r k e r s ____________________ 32

Appendix A .
Appendix B.

Scope and method of s u r v e y __________ 35
Occupational d e s c r ip tio n s ____________ 40

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 75 in wh ic h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u ­
rea u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s conducts s u r v e y s o f occup atio nal e a r n in g s and r e ­
late d b e n e f i ts .
(S e e l i s t o f a r e a s on in s id e bac k c o v e r . )
In eac h a r e a ,
occupational e a r n in g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d annually.
In for­
m a tion on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ta r y w a g e b e n e f i t s ( B s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is obta ined e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l ind iv id u al a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s have b e en c o m ­
plete d, tw o s u m m a r y b ull etins a r e issued.
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r each m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the s eco nd p r e s e n t s nation al and r e ­
gional e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r a l l
Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the Unite d S ta te s , exc lu d in g A l a s k a
an J H aw a ii .

T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t c han ges in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m ainte n ance t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and f o r m a n u fa c tu rin g
and nonm anufacturing s e p a r a t e l y .
Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d m a i n ­
tenance w o r k e r s in no nm an ufact uring b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in this occupational group in no nm anu fa ctu rin g is to o s m a l l to w a r r a n t
s e p a ra t e p resenta tion .
T h is ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e t r e n d s a f t e r
e l i m i n a t i o n of changes in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s c au s e d b y e m p l o y m e n t shifts
am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in c lu d e d in
s u r v e y s a m p le s .
F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e ap p end ix A.
B -series

tables

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y of l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
through the a n a l y s i s o f (1 ) the l e v e l and d i s t r i b u t i o n of w a g e s by occupation,
and (2 ) the m o v e m e n t of w a g e s b y oc c u p atio n al c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
T h e p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s ,
including w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s ­
s is tan c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plant loc a tion .
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e used by the
U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m ak e w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s un der the S e r v i c e
C o n t ra c t A c t o f 1965.

T h e B - s e r i e s ta bles p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on m i n i m u m e n tr a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d ty pists and c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r p rod uction and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu rin g ; and data
s e p a r a t e l y f o r p ro d uction and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s on s c h e d ­
uled w e e k l y hours and days of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p aid h o l i d a y s ; paid v a c a ­
tions; health, insurance , and p ension p lans; and m o r e d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n
on l i f e insuran ce plans.

A -series

A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m e t h o d s and c o n c e p ts used in the a r e a
wage survey pro gram .
It p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the s c o p e o f the a r e a
s u r v e y , the a r e a ' s in d u s tr ia l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c tu r in g , and l a b o r m an a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e .

tables

T a b l e s A - l th rough A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in occupations c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of
m an u fac tu rin g and no nm anufa cturing i n d u s tr i e s .
F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th rough A - 1 3 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b lis h m e n ts
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .




A p p e n d ix e s

A p p e nd ix B p r o v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s used b y B u re a u
o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by occupation.

field econ­

A.

Earnings

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
N um ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earn in gs o f—
Occu p at io n and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

s

<

Average
weekly

1 00
Mean2

Middle range 2

S
110

$
120

s

%

130

190

s

%

150

160

S
170

s

s

*
180

190

200

s
210

s
220

s

t

2 30

240

S

S
260

280

s

%

300

320

t

340

ALL

Median 2

360

and
under

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

110

(standard)

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

290

260

280

3 00

320

390

360

over

3
~

3
3
~

39
2
37

396
97
299

-

151
46
105
"

287
97
190

-

208
32
176
-

-

293
65
178
3

367
70
297
8

269
72
1 97
19

209
93
1 66
13

36 5
53
312
18

171
37
139
19

352
105
297
39

289
39
250
130

263
20
243
116

217
11 1
106
52

59
15
44
19

90
6
34
n

39
10
29
18

-

-

-

_

_

1
1

8
2
6

29

16
3
13

27
8
19
2

29
7
17
4

17
8
9
5

29
4
20
13

9
2
7
5

20
5
15
12

9

-

4
3
1

29

-

13
13
-

2
7
1

10
5
5
2

93
5
38

59
9
50
4

98
7
9 1

63
7
56
8

97
5
92

62
29
33
9

120
15
10 5
35

97
5
92
61

40
4
36
32

19
e
6
1

2
7
5

10
5
5
4

64
9

193
26
117
21

81
10
71
58

56
8
48
38

32
19
18
7

2
7
3

6
-

11
-

6
3

11
8

17
3
19
4

n o
91
19
8

4
-

13
2
11
2

4
-

4
3

4
4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

WORKERS

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

$
21 9.5 0
219.50
219.50
278.00

$
21 0.5 0
2 07.00
2 1 1.0 0
2 7 8.5 0

$
$
1 7 7 .0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0
1 7 8 .0 0 -2 5 0 .0 0
2 6 0 .0 0 -2 96 .5 0

206
62
144
44

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

261.50
257.00
263.50
301.00

2 99.00
2 98.50
2 9 9.5 0
2 99.00

2 2 3.0 0 -2 99 .0 0
1 8 9.3 0 -2 97 .0 0
2 2 6.5 0 -2 99 .0 0
2 8 3 .0 0 -3 3 1 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B -------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C T UR IN G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

7 35
113
6 22
166

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

290.50
2 51.50
238.50
282.50

23 3.5 0
29 9.0 0
231.00
28 6.0 0

2 0 1.5 0 -2 75 .5 3
2 1 6.5 0 -2 72 .5 3
2 0 1.0 0 -2 77 .5 0
2 6 7.0 0 -3 00 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C -------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C TU R IN G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

1.29 9
267
1.03 2
166

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

219.50
214.50
219.00
272.00

20 6.0 0
20 7.0 0
206.00
272.50

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 4 3 .5 0
1 8 8.0 0 -2 30 .0 3
1 7 7.0 0 -2 97 .0 3
2 5 2 .5 0 -2 89 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 -------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------N ON M A N U FA C TU R IN G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

1.131
902
729

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

209.50
211.53
20 8.0 0
2 6 9.5 0

1 96.00
1 89.00
207.00
26 0.5 0

1 6 6 .3 0 -2 9 1 .0 3
1 6 3 .5 0 -2 5 3 .0 0
1 7 7 .5 0 -2 26 .0 3
2 3 9.5 0 -2 95 .5 3

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S E -------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------

382
79
303

4 0 .0
40. 0
9 0 .0

17 8.5 3
1 99.00
1 73.50

173.00
20 3.0 0
17 1.5 0

1 6 0.3 0 -1 92 .0 0
1 7 9 .0 0 -2 2 6 .0 0
1 5 9.3 0 -1 86 .0 3

-

S TE N O G R A P H E R S ---------------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

1.039
891
559

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

2 2 6.0 0
215.50
222.00

22 5.5 0
219.00
229.50

1 8 8 .0 0 -2 7 6 .0 0
1 8 2 .3 0 -2 91 .5 0
1 8 6 .5 0 -2 9 3 .0 0

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . GENER AL -------N O N M A N UF A C TU R IN G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

965
443
295

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

209.53
210.00
219.50

20 7.0 0
207.00
2 23.00

1 7 0.0 0 -2 93 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0 -2 93 .0 3
1 7 2.0 0 -2 75 .5 3

STENOGRAPHERS.

S E N IO R -----------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

579
398
269

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

239.50
221.00
229.50

2 9 1.0 0
2 2 5.5 0
2 3 6.5 0

2 0 0.0 0 -2 93 .5 3
1 9 0 .3 0 -2 91 .5 3
2 0 0.0 0 -2 91 .5 0

TR ANSCR IBIN G-M ACHINE t y p i s t s
N O NM A N UF A C TU R IN G -----------------------

295
269

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

162.00
16 2.0 0

1 5 5.5 0
155.50

1 3 7.5 0 -1 75 .0 3
1 3 7 .5 0 -1 7 5 .0 0

_

T Y P I S T S ---------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C TU R IN G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

1 .292
78
1.169
135

3 9 .3
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

198.00
138.50
198.00
188.50

1 2 5 .3 0 -1 7 7 .0 0
1 3 0 .3 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 78 .0 0
1 5 7.5 0 -2 30 .0 3

52
-

199
-

52

199

3 9 .5

155.50
1 6 3.5 3
155.50
194.00

305
270
49

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

18 7.0 0
18 6.5 0
221.50

1 78.00
178.00
22 3.0 0

1 6 1.0 0 -2 08 .0 0
1 6 3.0 0 -2 07 .5 0
1 9 7 .0 0 -2 9 7 .5 3

_
-

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------N O NM A N U FA C TU RI N G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

3.97 0
923
3.097
450

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A --------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

TYPISTS .

CLASS

A -----------------------------------------------U T I L I T I E S -----------------

n o n m an ufactur in g

PU B LIC

71

-

3

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

28

~

-

-

28

-

-

-

-

-

80

85
37
48

178
38
190

120
39
86
11

72
23
49
4

119

38

159
33
126

106
26
80

61
91
20

109
79
30

103
93
60

81
21
60

“

-

95
12
33
2

93
8
35
5

151
5
196
5

32
19
18
4

94
36
58

~

89
16
68
4

45
3
92
30

69
3
66

52
4

36
17
19

5
3
2

15
15

i
i

98

30
7
23

9
7
2

7
3
4

80

*

-

_

-

-

~

-

-

9

46

2
2
2

12
12
9

29
27
13

26
25
16

71
38

69
69
38

51
95
36

99
92

44
93
28

47
46
20

103
100
71

57
90
30

125
122
106

113
113
102

1 71
23
11

9
9

33

5

2
2
1

2
2

12
12
9

24
22
13

16
15
11

62
59
31

36
36
29

27
26

95
90
11

22
21
13

27
26
2

61
58
52

12
10
2

25
22
15

79
79

17

78

9
9
9

5
5
5

1
1
1

*
*

10
10

18
12

29
19
19

54
52
22

22
22
15

20
20
18

42
92
19

95
30
28

100
100
91

39
34
29

162
19

4
4

1
1

-

2

-

“

-

7
7

-

2
2

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

22
2
20
8

48
i
47
4

17
17
10

95
-

-

_
-

_
-

4
4

8
6
2
2

-

-

95
24

“

“

ii
9

19
18
3

1
1

39
39
29

_

6

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

5
~

5

7

33
33
19

1
1

82
82

18
12

57
97

35
35

62
56

13
12

9
9

3

139
19
125
1

159
26
128
19

115
1
119

1 29
19
1 10

109

17

9

75
1
79
6

21
2
19
8

39
4

5

71
7
69
11

4
4

3
3

18
18

91
27
1

93
36

50
50
4

96
95
6

11
9
2

9

-

4
4

55
8

8

-

-

23
96
5

-

9

62
7
55

-

_

8
72

60
9

49
3

8
-

*"

-

26
3
23

36
6
30

3
3

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




1

91
2
39

38

29
2
27

-

-

-

“

2
-

3

-

-

51
3

2

3

-

“

9
9
3

-

-

-

3

109

35
7

7
7

2

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978— Continued
N um ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings o f—
Occupation and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

(standard'

100
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

s

s

Average
weekly
i^
nnNi

an d
under

110

*
120

S

%

130

140

S

$

%

150

160

170

*
180

s

%

190

200

*
210

S
220

s

s

S
230

240

260

%

280

S

%

300

320

%

340

360

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

280

3 00

320

340

360

over

52
52

195
195

151
125
19

97
96
5

83
83
16

28
28
11

59
59
5

10
10
6

30
28

11
11

29
29

4
4

“

6

1

16
16
10

6
6

“

135
121
1

29
29

"

~

4

2
2
2

174
168

218
204
4

268
259

162
162
5

106
98

92
92
3

29
29
11

9

7
5
5

-

5
5
5

-

4
4
4

7
3
3

5
2

-

2

9
2

2
2
2

~

2
2

124
116
8

64
64

31

14
14

-

-

7
5

-

~

"

6
2
2

-

4

2
2
2

2

“

5
5
5

-

29

19
19

“

69
69
4

A L L WORKERS—
CONTINUED
TYPISTS

-

CONTINUED

86

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

145.50
1 46.00
178.00

! » . »
137.00
160.50

$
$
11 9.0 0 -1 57 .5 0
11 7.5 0 -1 58 .5 3
14 5.0 0 -2 13 .0 3

F I L E C L E R K S ---------------------------------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TU RIN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

1.379
1 .33 3
91

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

135.00
134.50

11 0.5 0 -1 44 .0 0
110.0 0 -1 44 .0 0
137.0 0 -2 23 .0 0

280
280

194.00

13 2.0 0
132.00
16 9.5 0

“

“

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S B --------------------------------NONMA NU FAC TUR ING -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

445
4 29

1 41.50
1 40.00
2 1 5.00

13 6.0 0
1 35.50
20 9.0 0

1 2 2.00-144.03
122.0 0 -1 44 .0 0
137.0 0 -2 69 .0 0

46
46

50
50

38

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S C --------------------------------NONMAN UFA CT UR ING ------------------------------------------

899
872

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 30.00
1 30.00

123.00
123.00

1 0 9.00-144.00
1 0 9.30-144.00

234
234

124
118

149
135

143
142

98
98

66
60

69
69

4
4

5
5

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

”

“

“

MESSENGERS ------------------------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

271
251
64

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

161.50
1 63.00
196.50

136.50
1 39.00
2 0 8.5 0

127.0 0 -2 04 .5 0
12 7.0 0 -2 08 .5 0
17 0.5 0 -2 23 .0 0

12
12

16
16
”

63
53
1

47
45
3

14
14
8

10

7
6

6
5
5

16
14
3

7

20
20
13

24
24
4

13
13
12

6
6
1

2
2

5

1

5
5
4

~

S WIT CH BOA RD OP E RAT OR S -----------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

209
188
41

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 7 2.00
167.00
214.50

156.50
1 5 0.5 0
2 1 4.0 0

144.0 0 -1 88 .5 3
1 4 0.00-185.00
176.5 0 -2 49 .0 3

-

19
19

9
9

13
11

53
52
~

11
9

27
25
9

12

14
12

5
5

5
4
3

6
6
3

12
12
11

-

2

7
7
4

6

2

S U IT C H R O A R O O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A NU F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TU RIN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

658
148
510
26

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

157.50
153.50
158.50
2 6 0.00

153.00
1 4 5.0 0
15 0.0 0
235.00

1 3 5.00-170.00
134.3 0 -1 72 .5 0
1 3 5.00-164.50
2 3 5.00-333.30

3
3

62
15

61
1 9
42

21
6
15

17
15
2

6
4

2

-

“

“

“

“

“

”

2

16
16
10

5
-

2

31
1
30

35
15
20

64
45

15
15

14
14

27
27

19

“

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B -------------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TUR IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

937
894

“
_

“

3

*

5
4

-

-

-

~

“

~

2
2

3
3

1
1

1
1
~

1
1
~

-

-

“

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

~

~

15

7

-

15

7

“
-

-

8
-

~

“
4
4

“

-

-

13
13

-

13
13

”

“

“

“

“

“

-

6
6

-

_

“

~

“

35
15
20

64
45

15
15

-

27
27

6
6

6

19

”

“

“

~

~

165
17
148

206
33
173
35

222

224
20
204

-

432
71
361
34

274
52

-

617
53
564
19

506
33
473

-

790
20
770
39

438

3

86
7
79

38

82

131
16
115
31

221
11
21 0
106

79
6
73
14

286
12
274
169

144
1
143
85

80
5
75
20

1 6 8.50-241.50
181.0 0 -2 92 .5 3
1 6 6.50-241.00
2 3 2.00-264.50

_

-

8

21
3
18
6

149
6
143
12

143
3
luO
9

200
3
197
7

212
11
201
9

102
18
84
3

130
22
108

108
8
100
17

73
14
59
7

92
1
9 1
8

50
6
44

6

193
5
188
138

116
1
115
78

64
4
60
9

134.5 0 -1 79 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0 -1 8 1 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
182.3 0 -2 26 .5 0

3

769
17
752
33

468
47
42 1
7

363
30
333
10

238
49
1 89
32

220
60
160
25

104
15
89
32

144
30
114
38

116
12
104
65

58
2
56
24

129
10
119
98

29
29
8

93
7
86
31

28

16

28
7

15

-

A C C O U N TI N G C L ER K S ----------------------------------------------M A N UF A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------N ONM AN UFA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

4 .792
441
4 .35 1
765

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 7 8.50
1 85.00
1 77.50
2 2 4.50

1 65.50
17 5.0 0
1 64.00
223.00

143.0 0 -2 03 .5 0
153.3 0 -1 98 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0 -2 0 5 .0 0
191.5 0 -2 52 .0 0

3
-

1
1

-

8

-

3

86
7
79

157
17
140

* W o rk e rs w e re at $ 360 to $380.
See footnotes at end o f ta b les.

4

19

52
38 8
39

6

1
11

-

-

“

~

55

5
1
4

22
33
1
54
21
33
1
1

~

-

6
6

1 11
15
96

140.3 0 -1 72 .5 0
14 2.0 0 -1 85 .0 0
1 3 6.30-152.03

“

1

~

~

-

-

60
40
20

1 5 2.0 0
17 2.5 0
150.00




in

2

~

51
9
42

157.00
1 71.50
1 45.50

1 50.50
1 6 4.0 0
1 49.50
209.50

“

47

6
6
*6

“

55
6
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 3.50
167.00
163.50
2 1 2.50

“

22

2

1

4 37
190
247

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

94

99
9
90

2

-

9
9
9

2

20

ORDER C L E R K S . C L A S S B -----------------------------M A NU F A C T UR IN G -------------------------------------------------NONMA NU FAC TUR ING ------------------------------------------

3.050
305
2 .74 5
449

116

5

“

42

140.0 0 -1 77 .0 0
1 5 0.50-205.00
1 3 6.00-152.00

A C CO UN TI N G C L E R K S . C L A S S B ---------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TUR IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

105
27
78

-

5

15
96

1 5 2.0 0
1 75.00
150.00

20 4.0 0
225.00
2 0 2.50
2 4 1.0 0

“

73
24
49

10
3

6

-

60
40

1 7 0.50
1 77.50
1 65.00

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

“

“

30
3
27

2

~

”

“

“
-

2

51
9

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 .74 2
136
1 .60 6
316

7
2

“

-

55
6
49

494
218
276

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S A ---------------M A N UF A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

ii

“

OROER C L ER K S ------------------------------------------------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TUR IN G ------------------------------------------

1 91.00
2 0 1.0 0
190.50
248.50

23

~

7
“
7
*7
7
7
~

16
9
7

34
34
34

“

*

5
1
4

16
9

6
-

7

6
6

”
-

1

-

-

-

-

28
~
28
28

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978— Continued
Nu m ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings o f—
Number

Oc cup ati on and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

f

S
100

Mean2

Median2

s

S

%

110

120

130

*

%

140

150

s

S
160

170

190

200

s

S

%

s

*
180

210

220

s
230

s
240

s

s

%

260

2 80

300

f
t

f
320

340

and

Middle range

under
1 10

360

and
140

160

*

*

64
16
48

109
9
100

i

130

150

i
-

120

-

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

260

283

33
33

66
66

3

-

-

18
3

17

31
19
12

53
10
43

8
2
6

7

32
9

2

7
2
5
1

9
9

2

20
1
19
5

-

23
14

15
5
10
4

-

3

1

179
25
154
21

153
12
1 41

117
10
107
16

130
13
117
26

82
5
77
12

69
8
6 1
33

41
3
38
10

93
~
93
22

107

95
7
88

69
2
67
2

27
5
22
13

26
2
24
8

24
2
22
8

12
2
10
4

67
~

48
8
40
14

103
8
95
13

56

45
6
39
25

29
1
28
6

3 00

320

340

360

1
1
*

i
i
-

over

AL L WORKERS—
CONTINUED
O P E R A T O R S ---------------------------------------------------

1 24
102

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

$
1 81.50
17 9.5 0

$
180.00
180.00

$
$
1 7 1 .5 0 -1 84 .00
1 7 1.5 0 -1 8 4 .00

-

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O NM A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

549
108
441

178.50
1 7 6.5 0
17 9.0 0
245.50

1 58.00
1 6 7.0 0
1 58.00
2 51.50

1 4 8.00-189
150.5 0 -1 84
148.0 0 -1 89
2 0 7.0 0 -2 59

.00
.30
.0 0
.00

-

43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

KEY E N T R Y O PE R AT O R S -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T UR IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

2.011
257
1 .75 4
309

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

18 8.0 0
1 83.00
18 9.0 0
230.50

1 7 5.5 0
1 6 5.0 0
1 78.50
2 28.00

1 5 0.0 0 -2 13
1 5 1.0 0 -1 98
150.0 0 -2 13
1 9 1.3 0 -2 75

.00
.0 0
.00
.00

-

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C TU R IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

789
88
701
167

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

216.50
211.50
217.00
261.50

196.00
181.00
199.50
2 63.00

173.0 0 -2 60
1 6 2.0 0 -2 93
1 7 5.5 0 -2 60
242.5 0 -2 78

.5 3
.5 3
.50
.00

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C T UR IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

1.22 2
169
1 .0 53
142

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

170.00
1 68.00
170.00
194.00

155.50
158.50
1 55.50
190.50

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 9 6 .5 0
1 4 7 . 0 0 - 1 7 8 .03
1 3 8 . 0 0 - 2 0 2 .50
1 7 2 . 0 0 - 2 2 3 .0 0

-

BO OKKEEPING-M ACHINE
N ON MA N UF A C TU R IN G

-

2
2

5
5

-

-

-

4
4

40

_

-

23

-

-

4
4

23

286
16
270
3

40

-

199
37
162
6
24
1
23

4

36

263
16
247

4

36

-

3

* W o r k e rs w e r e at $ 360 to $380.
See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




3

5

175
36
139
6

122
13
109
3

32
15

239
53
1 86
15

129
44
B5

46
17
29
“

48
14
34

193

8 1
30
51

36
157
15

7

“

7

11
98
4
72
14
58
17

23

58

5
53
23

3
4

3
53
4

10

14
-

10

14

-

“

128
1
127
85

46
21
25
10

32
2
30
20

35
15
20
10

29

67
15

109
1
108
83

26

19

11
6

3

5

3

26
7

19
2

2
27
20

7
-

-

7
*7

44
7
37
~

-

-

”

”

44
7
37

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
Nu m ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings of—
Number

Occupation and i n d u s tr y d iv i si o n
woikers

$

Average
weekly
(standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

%

s

S

%

s

s

s

%

%

s

%

s

S

*

3

*

140

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

28 0

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

4 40

460

480

520

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

4 20

440

4 60

480

520

560

over

1

and
under

ALL

s

S

%

%

120

560

2
1
1

17
1

32
1
31

49
2
47

45
5
40

70
13
57

81
3
78

65
23
42

93
23
70

106
13
93

52
6
46

61
11
50

49
3
46

62
8
54

82
6
76

31
7
24

14

16

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

24
1
23

31
11
20

38
19
19

38
11
27

15
5
10

17
5
12

23

10
10

49

30
6
24

14

23

24
1
23

20
8
12

17
4

27
2
25

29
1
28

37
6
31

22
3
19

49
8

33
5
28

i
i

_

-

WORKERS

COMPUTER S YS T EM S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ---------------------------------------------------------------M A NU F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NONMA NU FAC TUR ING ------------------------------------------

131
781

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

$
384.00
393.00
3 82.50

$
38 0.0 0
3 75.00
3 82.00

$
$
3 2 4.00-444.00
344.5 0 -4 31 .0 0
3 2 2.0 0 -4 *7 .5 0

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) * C L AS S A --------------------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NONMA NU FAC TUR ING ------------------------------------------

290
65
225

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

*3 4 .0 0
< 1 3 .0 0
4 *0.00

*14 .5 0
38 1.0 0
4 *7 .5 0

3 6 8.50-505.00
3 6 3.00-420.00
376.0 0 -5 10 .5 0

COMPUTER S Y S TE M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B --------------------------------M A N UF A C T UR IN G -------------------------------------------------NONMA NU FAC TUR ING ------------------------------------------

399
59
290

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

3 88.00
3 80.50
3 89.50

3 99.50
36 1.5 0
4 0 4.5 0

3 1 2.00-457.00
3 0 7 .5 0 -4 5 6 .5 0
322.0 0 -4 56 .0 0

912

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C --------------------------------NONMAN UFA CT UR ING ------------------------------------------

273
266

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

3 26.00
326.50

3 3 0.0 0
330.00

2 6 8 .5 0 -3 7 4 .5 0
2 6 8.50-375.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------NONMAN UFA CT UR ING -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

70*
111
593
366

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

3 11.50
272.50
3 19.00
3 *3 .5 0

3 1 6.0 0
2 5 9.0 0
32 6.0 0
3 5 2.0 0

257.0 0 -3 62 .5 0
2 1 1.50-312.00
26 9.0 0 -3 65 .0 0
3 0 3.50-377.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CL AS S A ------------------------------------------------------------------NONMA NU FAC TUR ING -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

20*
166
59

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

352.00
352.00
415.00

35 5.0 0
355.50
386.50

318
283
200

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

314.50
321.50
3 *8 .0 0

32 2.0 0
337.00
356.50

2 6 8 .0 0 -3 6 1 .5 0
273.5 0 -3 65 .0 0
3 1 6.50-372.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CL AS S C ------------------------------------------------------------------NONMAN UFAC TUR ING -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

182
144
1 07

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

261.50
276.00
2 95.50

244.00
277.00
301.50

2 1 3.00-316.50
2 3 0.00-328.00
244.0 0 -3 39 .5 0

COMPUTER OPE RA TO R S -------------------------------------------M A NU F A C T UR IN G -------------------------------------------------NONMAN UFA CT UR ING -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

970
168
802
325

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

236.00
2 *0 .0 0
2 35.50
2 *8.50

2 23.00
200.50
227.00
236.50

184.5 0 -2 73 .0 0
1 7 2.50-337.00
1 8 9.00-269.00
2 0 6.00-295.50

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ------------NONMAN UFAC TUR ING ------------------------------------------

142
90

*0.0
3 9 .5

3 01.00
291.50

297.50
2 72.00

2 5 0 .0 0 -3 3 7 .0 0
2 4 9 .0 0 -3 1 0 .0 0

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ------------M A N UF A C T UR IN G -------------------------------------------------NONMAN UFAC TUR ING ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

424
70
35*
140

3 9 .0
*0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

2 37.50
2 26.00
239.50
260.50

2 1 *.0 0
19 7.5 0
216.50
2 4 1.0 0

191.5 0 -2 71 .0 3
186.0 0 -2 21 .0 0
1 9 6 .5 0 -2 7 3 .0 0
203.5 0 -3 07 .5 0

_

~

_

_

_
~

_

_

_

_

_

~

-

1
1

“

~

“

_

“

_

_

2
i
i

19
i
18

38
38

41
41

8
8

7
7

4
4

3
3

“

~

75
5
70
39

52
5
47
27

93
6
87
70

99
6
93
70

29
2
27
23

23
1
22
21

10
10
10

8
i
7
7

5
1
4
4

8
4
4
4

6
“
6
6

-

29

43
7
36
18

15
12

9
7

20
15

23
19

18
13
4

22
17

40
34
13

23
21
19

2
2
1

4
4
4

6
5
5

4
3
3

8
4
4

6
6
6

-

19
13
1

19

43
28
20

16
14
11

32
31
23

21
21
11

51
50
50

59
59
57

5
5
3

15
14
14

6
6
6

2
2
2

1
1
1

-

_

-

17
1

-

-

-

20
11
10

26
19
9

21
17
16

11
11
9

7
7
7

20
20
16

13
13
12

20
20
20

i
i
i

6
6
6

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

“

~

”

126
19

92
5
87
34

38
3
35
7

33
1
32
19

48
4
44

9
1
8
6

12
3
9
6

14
6
8

~
4

2
~
2

34

63
38
25
10

44

107
25

137
3
1 34
88

~

”

~

8
5

12
11

21
19

18
18

12
12

5
3

41
3

-

6
6

6
6

i
i

4
4

97
16
81

34
2
32

18
1
17
14

20
1
19
12

31
~
30
25

5
2
3

13
6
7

-

7
7

3
1
2

7

18
3
15
7

7

21

33
2
31
16

40
17
23
1

33
16
17
10

49
13

55
9
46

63
17
46

~

13
1
12
“

17

_

_

_

4
4

8
8

8
8

13
6

"

~

“

5
4

“

_

~

32
15
1

123
16
107
36

95
38
57
12

126
27
99
23

-

-

4

_

”

_
2
2

-

_

2
2

46
12
34
9

6

98
22
76
22

_

14
10

29

-

~

41

33
32

30
30

~

13

_
-

32
32

16
16

-

37
12
25

5
9

14
14

2
1

_

-

31
5
26

1
48

5
9

"

1
1

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




*

-

3 0 3.50-382.50
3 0 3.50-383.00
3 7 8.00-450.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CL AS S B ------------------------------------------------------------------NONMA NU FAC TUR ING -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

“

1

36
10

30

44
25

_
-

4

“

2
2

-

-

“

“

“
“

2
2

2

-

-

-

-

-

"

'

-

-

-

~

“
“

”
“

—

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978— Continued
Num ber o f w o rk ers r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings o f—
Oc cup ati on and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

s

Average
weekly
(standard)

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

s

s
120

140

s
160

s
180

s

%

200

220

s

s

%

240

260

280

s

$
300

320

360

s

s

S

%

340

380

400

s

%

420

4 40

s

s
460

480

s
520

and
under

560

and

140

160

180

200

2

121
107

49
23

24
23

103

142
59

103
8

83
27

240

260

21
21

91
91

38
37

2
2

105
36
69
19

111
24
87
24

1 94
22

160
43

172
99

117
16

18
13

36
31

220

280

300

320

34 0

360

3
3

23
22

15
15

14
14

102
38
64
8

161
33
128
16

74
11
63
7

30
7
23
8

22
15
7

97
31
66

72
9
63
2
2

440

4 60

-

-

-

"

380

-

_

_

_

-

_
"

_
_

400

4 20

1

over

480

520

560

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

A L L WORKERS—
CONTINUED
COMPU TER

OPERATORS -

CONTINUED
404
358

3 9 .3
3 9 .0

$
21 2.0 0
21 7.0 0

$
2 0 6.0 0
2 2 1.5 0

$
$
1 5 8.0 0 -2 37 .0 0
1 5 8.00-240.50

D R A F T E R S -----------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C T UR IN G ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

1.242
3 16
926
236

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

234.50
238.50
233.00
2 29.00

2 3 4.5 0
2 4 1.5 0
2 30.00
2 2 7.0 0

1 8 8.50-280.03
1 8 0 .5 0 -2 8 7 .5 3
1 9 0 .0 0 -2 7 9 .5 0
2 0 7 .0 0 -2 4 0 .0 3

14
14

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C T UR IN G -----------------------------

360
1 47
213

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

294.00
289.50
297.00

2 88.00
2 8 7.5 0
294.50

2 7 0.00-310.50
2 5 3 .0 0 -3 1 0 .5 3
2 8 0.30-310.53

-

_
-

-

-

1
1

5

5

60
27
33

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C T UR IN G ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

422
106
316
60

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

2 21.53
2 0 9.0 0
226.00
239.00

2 2 0.0 0
1 88.50
23 0.0 0
2 3 5.5 0

1 8 4.00-253.00
1 8 0.50-237.00
2 0 0.00-257.50
2 1 9 .5 0 -2 5 7 .5 0

-

30

52
23
29

52
34
18

70

63

16
54
14

8
55
20

70
10
60
15

29
11
18
3

54
2
52
7

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C T UR IN G ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

318
61
257
74

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 9 6.5 0
1 6 8.0 3
203.50
1 8 9.5 0

19 0.0 0
1 62.00
19 7.5 0
1 83.50

37

54
2
52

13

10

37
16

24
8
16
5

37
1

52
7

77
36
41
26

13

10
1

-

-

*

D R A F T E R - T R A C E R S ---------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

142
140

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

205.53
205.50

C OMP UTE R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C ■
N O NM A N UF A C TU R IN G -----------------------------

ELECTRON ICS
R EG ISTERED

TECHNICIANS
IN D U STR IA L

-----------------

NU R SE S -

30

“

“

1 6 1.30-238.00
1 6 1.00-172.50
1 6 3.0 0 -2 44 .0 0
1 6 3.00-221.00

14
14

52

22 4.0 0
2 2 4.0 0

1 8 4.00-229.50
1 8 4 .3 0 -2 2 9 .5 0

-

21
21

13
13

16
14

16
16

_

-

2
2

“

22
14
8
4

30
7
23

22
15
7

22
14
8

2

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

76
76

1

-

36
19

-

325

3 9 .5

317.00

326.50

3 1 4.00-353.50

-

-

-

8

18

22

7

2

10

25

113

103

11

3

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

84

3 9 .5

294.50

2 99.50

2 5 9.30-328.50

-

-

-

2

6

8

6

7

13

12

17

5

i

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




-

7

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
Average
(mean*)

Sex, 1 occupation, and in d u s t r y d iv i si o n

OFFICE

O CCUPATIONS -

A C C O U N T IN G

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

HEN

M ES SEN GER S ---------------------------------------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G --------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------ORDER C L E R K S

Week hr
hours1
(standard

187
176

48

3 9 .3
3 9 .0
3 8 .3

$
1 6 2.5 0
163.00
1 9 6.50

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

S TE N OG RA PH E RS

-

:
U TIL ITIE S

A C C O U N T IN G CL ER K Ss C L A S S A NO NM A N UF A C TU RI N G --------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------A C C O U N T IN G

460
4 38
290

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

$
210.00
210.50
220.00

563
387
255

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

240.00
221.50
2 25.50

288
262

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

160.50
1 60.50

T Y P I S T S -------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R IN G -----------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

1 .22 3
78
1.145
132

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

156.00
160.50
1 5 5.5 0
195.00

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A ------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

159
143
33

289
254
49

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

221.50

T Y P I S T S . C L AS S B ------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

9 34
891
83

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

145.50
146.00
179.50

F I L E C L E R K S --------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G —
PURLIC U T I L I T I E S

1.296
1.25 0
70

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

134.50
13 3.5 0
18 8.0 0

F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS B
NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -

421
405
28

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

14 1.0 0
1 39.50
220.50

F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS
NO NM A N U FA C TU R IN G -

849
822

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

C L ER K Ss C L A S S R :
:
U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

227.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . SE N IO R
NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G --------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S - -

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

252.50
2 5 0.00
260.50

OCCUPATIONS -

3 8 .5

2 1 0.50

WOMEN

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

3.848
922
2.926
450

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

223.50
219.00
2 21.00
2 78.00

S E C R E T A R I E S t C L AS S A
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

206
62
144
44

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

261.50
257.00
263.50
301.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------NO NM A N UF A C TU RI N G —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

7 26
113
613
166

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

240.50
2 51.50
238.50
2 8 2.50

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L AS S C
MA N U F A C TU R IN G -------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

1.21 3
267
946
166

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

2 1 7.00
214.50
218.00
2 7 2.0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L AS S 0
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

1.130
401
7 29

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

209.00
211.00
2 0 8.00
2 6 9.50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

179.50
199.00
174.00

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

2 26.50
216.00
2 22.50

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS E
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------NO NMA N UF A CT UR IN G —
STE N OG RA PH E R S ---------------------n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

•023
8 25
545

TR ANSCRIBIN G-M ACHINE T Y P I S T S
N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G ------------------------

MESSENGERS

1 9 0.0 0
1 8 9.5 0

70

3 8 .5

163.50

NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

194
174
39

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

171.50
16 6.0 0
2 09.00

M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

658
148
510
26

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

157.50
1 5 3.5 0
1 5 8.5 0
260.00

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

310
169

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

164.50
170.53

302
169

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

160.50
170.50

4 .34 1
418
3 .92 3
664

3 9 .5

176.00

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

182.00
1 7 5.5 0
2 24.00

ORDER C L E R K S . C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

See footn otes at end o f tables.




Weekly
earning.1
(standard)

CLERKS

-

1 99.00
2 1 8.50
197.53
2 3 8.50

CONTINUED

12 9.5 3
12 9.5 0

180.00

n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

*
1

Weekiv
hour

A C C O U N T IN G

C O N T IN U E D

3 8 .5

---------------------

Sex, J occupation, and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

O F FIC E O CCUPATIONS
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

CLERKS:

PUB LIC

OFFICE

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

O F F I C E O C C U P A T IO N S
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . GENERAL —
NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

n o n m an u fa ctu r in g

PUB LIC

Sex, * occupation, and i nd us tr y div ision

3 9 .0

----------------------------------------------

Average
( mean*)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

8

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

1.58 3
120
1 .46 3
283

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C
MA N U F A C T U R IN G ------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

2.75 8
298
2 .460
381

3 9 .5 163.0 0
40 . Q 1 6 7 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 6 2.50
3 8 .5 2 1 3.0 0

NO NMA NU FAC TU RIN G

124
102

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 81.53
179.50

PAYRO LL C L E R K S ------------------M A N U F A C T UR IN G ------------NO NMA N U FA CT U RI N G —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

509
106
403
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 76.00
174.00
177.00
245.50

KEY EN T R Y OP E R A T O R S —
MA N U F A C T U R IN G ------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G —
PURLIC U T I L I T I E S

1.961
255
1 .70 6
296

3 9 .5 1 88.50
40 • Q 1 8 3 .0 0
3 9 .5 189.50
3 8 .5 2 2 9.5 0

KEY EN TR Y O P E R A T O R S .
M A N U F A C T UR IN G ------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

CLASS

A ----------

763
86
677
159

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 17.50
2 12.50
2 18.00
2 59.50

KEY ENT RY O P E R A T O R S .
M A N U F A C T UR IN G ------------N ONM AN UFA CT URI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

CLASS

B ----------

1 .198
169
1 .029
137

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 7 0.50
1 68.03
1 70.50
1 9 4.50

663
114
549

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

391.50
397.50
3 9 0.00

C OMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! . C L A S S A ------------MA N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G ---------------------

235
58
177

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

4 3 7.0 0
41 5.0 0
4 4 4.0 0

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ------------M A NU F A C T UR IN G -----------------------------N O N H A N UF A C T U RI N G ----------------------

256
51
205

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

3 9 1.0 0

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C ------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G ---------------------

172
167

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

3 3 1.50
3 3 1.5 0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND
OCCUPATIONS

TECHN ICAL
- MEN

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! --------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ----------------

3 8 9.53
3 8 4.00

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978— Continued
Average

Sex, J occupation, and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Week h
r
hour**
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

COHPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS R ----------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

488
60
4 28
309

1 48

115
49

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

4 0 .0
4 3 .0
4 0 .0

$
3 29.50
3 14.50
3 32.00
346.00

3 70.00
374.50
420.50

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

3 34.50
340.50
3 53.00

98

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

275.50
278.00
297.50

657
117
540
187

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

245.50
249.50
2 44.50
254.00

COHPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------

117

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

302.50
2 96.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS R
NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S ------------------

321
274
103

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

2 45.50
2 46.50
2 69.50

COHPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S

219
188
67

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

2 14.50
220.00
2 03.50

COHPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS C ----------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------COHPUTER OPERATORS —
MANUFACTURING ---------NONHANUFACTURING —
P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S

Sex, 1 occupation, and ind us try divi si on

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL ANO T EC H NI CA L
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED

211

191
162
129
122

78

Average
(mean*)

Average
( mean2)

( mean*)
Number
of
worker.

S e x , 1 occupation, and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours r
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

51

3 9 .5

$
2 2 3 .5 0

57

38.0

3 2 8 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL ANO TE CHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

MANUFACTURING -----NONHANUFACTURING

1*000
274
7 26

39.5
40.0
39.5

$
239.50
243.50
237.50

DRA FT ERS . CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----NONHANUFACTURING

347
140
207

40.0
40.0
39.5

293.50
287.50
297.00

DR AFTERS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----N0NMANUFACTURIN6

376
87
289

4 0.0
4 0.0
3 9 .5

223.00
213.50
226.00

DR AFTERS. CLASS C —
NONMANUFACTURING —
P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S

231
186
58

39.0
39.0
38.5

194.00
200.50
190.50

ELECTRONICS TE CH NI CI AN S

308

39.5

316.50

COHPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) :
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING:
P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
class b:
n o n m an u fac tu r in g :
P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

211
194

38.5
38.5

366.00
366.00

COHPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B ----------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------

85
77

38.5
38.5

388.00
391.00

COHPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS C ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

93
91

38.5
38.5

318.00
319.00

3 2 6 .0 0

51

3 9 .5

229.50

COHPUTER OPERATORS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

277
51
226
138
89

39.0

2 1 4 .0 0

37

3 8 .0

235.50

COHPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C ---------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------(B U S I N E S S ) ------------------NONMANUFACTURING

3 7 .0

COHPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B ---------NONHANUFACTURING:
P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TEC HNI CAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

38

COMPUTER PROGRAHHERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS C ------------------------------------------------------------

169
154

3 8 .5
38.5

213.50
217.50

DRAFTERS -----------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

242
200

39.0 2 13.50
3 8 .5 2 1 5 . 5 0

DRA FT ERS . CLASS C ------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

87
71

3 9 .5 2 0 4 . 0 0
39.5 210.50

80

39.5 299.00

REGIS TE RED

See footnotes at end of tables.




Number
of
workers

9

IN DU S TR IA L NURSES --------------

3 9 .0 2 2 0 . 5 0
39.0 219.00
3 8 .5 2 2 0 . 5 0
38.0 241.50

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
Hourly earnings *

Occupation and industry d ivis ion

of
workers

Mean 2 Median2

N u m ber o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings o f—
s
s
s
s
s
s
S
s
s
s
s
*
4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0 5 . 0 0 5 . 2 0 5 .4 0 5. 60 5 . 8 0 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0

Middle range 2

6.40

S
s
*
6 .60 6 .80 7 .2 0

s

6.80

7.20

7 .60

s
8 .00

8.00

7.60

%

%

1 -----------*------9 .60 1 0 .0 0

8 .40

8.80 9 .2 0

8.80

9. 20 9 . 6 0 1 3 . 0 0 1 0 . 4 0

and
under
4.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

3

4.20

ALL

s

4
3

1

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

5.40 5.60

5. 80 6 . 0 0 6 . 2 0 6 . 4 0 6 . 6 0

WORKERS

M A IN T EN A N C E C A R P E N T E R S --------------------------------NONMA NU FAC TUR ING ------------------------------------------

147
101

$
7.78
8.07

$
7.75
7.88

$
$
6. 1 0- 9.34
7 .0 0 - 10.15

“

M A IN T EN A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S --------------------------M A N UF A C T UR IN G -------------------------------------------------NONMAN UFA CT UR ING ------------------------------------------

491
310
177

8 .3 2
8 .23
8 .48

8.30
8.59
8 . 30

7 .6 6 7 .5 0 8 .2 9 -

9.50
9.50
8.30

_

_

-

-

MA IN T EN A N C E P A I N T E R S --------------------------------------M A NU F A C TU RI NG -------------------------------------------------NONMAN UFAC TUR ING ------------------------------------------

150
54
96

7 .12
8.46
6 . 38

8.02
8.62
4.40

4 . 4 0 - 9.28
8 .0 2 - 9.24
4 . 4 0 - 1 0.15

“

1
1

MA IN T EN A N C E M A C H I N I S T S --------------------------------M A N UF A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------

387
314

8 .10
7 .63

7.83
7.83

7 .8 3 7 .8 3 -

8.23
7.83

_

M A IN T EN A N C E M EC H A N IC S ( H A C H I N E R V I MA N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------NONMAN UFA CT UR ING ------------------------------------------

579
483

6.66
6 .44
7 .79

6.75
6.25
8 . 30

5 .6 4 5 .2 8 7 .0 0 -

7.50
6.97
8.30

_
-

_

96

M A IN T E N A N C E M EC HA N IC S
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) ----------------------------------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TUR IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

1*298
176
1 .1 2 2
1 .0 1 9

7.76
6.51
7.96
8 .08

7 . 28
5.88
7.47
7.71

7 .0 0 5 .5 0 7 .2 2 7 .2 8 -

9.32
7.28
9.45
9.45

M A IN T EN A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S -----------------------------M A N UF A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------

174
173

8.67
8.67

8.56
8.56

8 .5 0 8 .5 0 -

9 .3 6
9.36

“

3
3

3
3

3
i

4
4

11
11
“

8
6
2

_
-

21
16
5

_

1
1

1
1

10
7

15
15

10
7

18
8

4
4

2
1

15
8

_

5
5
”

3
3
“

6
5
1

31
29
2

35
31
4

14
6
8

159
43
116

40
39
1

3
3
~

124
116
8

-

1

6
6
~

”

2
2
“

18
18
“

“

1
1
~

29
26
3

29

1

184
184

45
45

4
4

6
6

-

73
“

~

72
11
61

56
56
~

-

6
6

-

3

-

2

3

1

-

-

-

-

54

3

“

2

3

1

”

“

“

“

-

“

3
3

2
2

-

4
4

7
7

3
3

1
1

2
2

1
1

“

6
6

19
19

27
27

1

1
1

32
32
~

12
8
4

22
22

69
66
3

1
1
~

49
46
3

31
31
"

4
i
3

40
36
4

18
18

31
31
”

93
85
8

33
33
~

7

42
38
4
i

5
4
i
i

32
16
16
13

94
i
93
90

87
2
85
81

3 39
5
334
294

-

_

“

“

“

6
6

18
18

_

~

7
7
_

i
i
i

6
2
4
~

i
i
“

29
29

“

-

-

54

1

1
1

i
i

_

-

”

18
18

-

~

46
6
40

29
29

18
3

‘

-

14
6
8
7
-

2
1
1

29

~

8
8

"

"

in
109

91
9
82
80

24
24
24

i
i

272
33
239
233

1
~
1
1

77
77

3
3

11
11

48
48

“

86
85

~

~

-

86

-

in

MILLWRIGHTS

----------------------------------------------------------------

115

9 .05

9.32

9 . 32-

9.36

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

21

MA IN TE NA N C E

T R A D E S H E L P E R S ----------------------

424

5.47

5 . 22

4 .8 2 -

6.21

16

2

7

18

122

15

62

-

7

17

12

134

1

-

9

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

T OOL AND O I E MAKERS -----------------------------------------M A NU F A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------

195
195

8.17
8 .17

8.84
8.84

6 .7 3 6 .7 3 -

9.53
9.53

_

_

_

_

-

3

-

_

4

15
15

_

21
21

_

12
12

6
6

18
18

1
1

-

1
1

30
30

84
84

-

8.56
8.56
7.05

-

2

-

-

1

-

16

-

13
12
1

18
16

35
28
7

-

20
15
5

-

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S --------------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NONMA NU FAC TU RIN G ------------------------------------------

145
81
64

7.36
8 . 30
6.18

8.10
8 .50
5 .65

5 .7 0 7 .9 1 4 .7 5 -

-

-

29

1

i

2

1

-

27

See footnotes at end o f tables.




4

3

“

10

i

2

8

8

-

~

1
1

1

8
8

29
29

“

2

77

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
Hourly earnings

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs o f—
1 --------~i --------~i -------- %
3 .60 3 .80 4 .00 4 .2 0

x
4 .4 0

X
4 .60

s
5 .0 0

%

5 .40

s
5 .80

s
6 .20

s
6 • 60

s
7.00

s
7 .40

X
7 .80

x-------- S-------- 1 --------i —
8 .20 8 .6 0 9.00 9 .40

4 .20

4 .40

%. 6 0

5 .00

5 .40

5 .80

6.20

6 .60

7 ,0 0

7 .40

7 .80

8 .20

8 .60

29
25
4
~

258
16
242

33
33
-

12
9
3

54

104

2
52
1

21
83
29

242
49

360
4

33
1
32
-

-

408
8
400
219

318
10
308
282

3 84
5
379
302

-

”

97
52
45
3

384
24

~

274
121
153
120

-

1154
1154

14
14

_

1 51
1
150

15
15

3
3

49
49

3
2
1

3

1

9

11

_

_

_

_

_

3

1

9

11

-

-

105
15
90

29
25
4

92
~

-

72
39
33

46
18
28
3

354
354
4

20
2
18
i

65
6
59

14
1
13

55
46
9

34
-

252
-

23

-

102
1
101
95

34
34

252
1 89

33
32
1

27
24

33
-

8
-

299
-

2 60
-

3

33

~

~

30
15
15
6

“

”

299
124

260
248

132
5
127
113

7

2

-

-

-

X
2 .83

X
3.00

I
3 .20

i

2 .80

3 .00

3 .20

3.40

3 .60

3 .80

4.00

142
15
127
28

48
15
33

119
15
104
14

29
1
28

1
1

99
99

33
33

s
2 .60

Occupation and industry d ivis io n
workers

Mean2

Median*

Middle range *

3.40

and
under
9 .00

9*40

9 .80

ALL WORKERS
TRUCKORIVERS -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

4 t 199
456
3*743
2.156

$
7 .00
4 .95
7.25
8 .49

$
7.49
4 .73
7 .71
9.40

$
5 .00
4 .00
5 .50
8 .02

-

$
9.40
5 .65
9.40
9 .40

52
28
24

21
7
14

33

TRUCKOR IVE RS . L I G H T TRUCK ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

311
72
2 39

4.20
4.59
4.08

4.05
4.65
4 .05

4 .05 4 .50 3 .75 -

4.57
4.65
4.15

20
20

2
2

_

TRUC KOR IVE RS . MEOIUM TRUCK --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

1.558
156
1.402
483

6 .07
5 .34
6 .15
8 .37

5 .50
4.98
5 .50
8.41

4 .10 3.91 4 .10 7 .71 -

8 .16
7 .13
8.41
9.40

4
4

12
12

33
33

TRUC KOR IVE RS . T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

2.128
148
1.980
1.541

8 .11
5.22
8 . 32
8.62

8 .02
5 .03
8 .51
9 .40

7 .41 4 .62 7 .49 -

9.40
5 .65
9.40

-

8 «0 2 -

9 .40

sh ipper s:
m a n u fa ctur in g

-

33
“

~

-

“

-

-

“

-

92

15
15
~

"

-

18
18
-

3
3
-

3
3
-

153
33
120
120

”

---------------------------------------------

95

4 .64

4.24

4 .15 -

4 .95

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

28

27

9

8

1

10

1

RECE IV ERS ---------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

268
100
168

6.00
5 .99
6 .01

6 .24
6 .09
6 .40

4 .40 -

7.74

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

6
3

i
3

30
10
20

i i
2
9

7
5
2

18
10
8

9
4

8

3
6

13
u
2

9

7.74
7.48

14
14

9

4 .50 4 .40 -

8
-

SHIPPERS AND RECEIV ERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

18 1
147

5 .64
5 .42

5 .15
4.95

4 .60 4 .45 -

6.75
6 .75

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

15
15

15
15

6
6

6
6

36
36

15
15

6
6

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

708
160
548
229

5 .65
4.62
5 .95
7 .05

5.57
5 .42
5 .93
6 .99

4 .81 3.18 4 .81 6 .5 8 -

6 .68
5.72
6.99
8.30

15
15
-

-

20
20

3
3

-

36
3

“

“

i
i
i

14
14
14

180
16
164
7

6
3
3
1

OROER F I L L E R S ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2 .56 3
512
2 .051

5 .36
3.92
5.73

4.85
3 .38
6 .84

3.70 2.90 4 .00 -

7 .74
4.85
7 .74

312
60
252

138
138
“

55
21
34

37
37

7
2
5

102
9
93

10

480
3
477

62
44
18

31
30
1

60
49
11

S H IP P IN G PACKERS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

974
475
499

4 .71
3 .76
5 .61

3.90
3 .80
5 .13

3.49 3.30 3.90 -

5.33
4 .18
7.65

45
45

48
36
12

34
8
26

91
72
19

35
29

41
38
3

229
115
114

16
14

56
51
5

38
34
4

MATERIAL HANDLING LARORERS -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2.267
486
1.781

5 .68
4 .89

5 .85
4 .53
6 .47

4 .32 4 .25 4.74 -

7.48
5.70
7 .69

316
36
280

8

26
17
9

40
7
33

61
11
50

17
9

25
24
1

16
11

118
109
9
102
99

5.90

~

21
21

18
18

-

“

“

-

8

6

8

-

33
~

3
7

2

5

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2.336
1.255
1.081

5 .43
5 .48
5 .38

4.91
4 .91
4.91

4 .334 .50 3 .55 -

6.98
6.43
6.98

105
6
99

150
18
132

31
31
~

49
16
33

40
21
19

41
22
19

96
52
44

12
12

GUAROS ----------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

4 .59 0
244
4 .34 6

3.07
6.02
2 .91

2.71
5.94
2.71

2 .65 4 .08 2 .65 -

3 .00
7 .99
2 .90

2670
3
26 67

772

353
1
352

259
19
240

83

55
8
47

45
7
38

44
26
18

-

772

8
75

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




11

-

8

187
3
184

-

-

_

134
-

-

134
134

_
-

930
-

“

930
930

-

-

-

5
-

-

-

-

-

23

5

-

“

_

_

-

-

-

“

4
-

80
-

_

_

-

80
62

-

-

3
-

34
-

3

34

1
i

21

35
22

_

56
45
11
2

102
36
66
4

51
_

85
-

16
-

51
33

85
85

16
16

-

4
4

51
14
37

74
72

31
30
1

75
-

226
-

13
-

777
-

-

22
-

-

75

226

13

777

-

22

-

-

18
1
17

97
21
76

8
8

19
_

30
_

4
-

73
-

_

-

-

78
-

-

-

19

30

4

14
11
3

73

-

78

-

-

41
29
12

246
93
153

14
1
13

194
41

64
15
49

136

_

-

-

-

201

178
78
100

6

136

134
5
129

4 26

-

201
-

-

-

44
44

664
345
319

56
25
31

50
50

99

-

190
184
6

-

21
11
10

9
7
2

11
11

10
10

28
1
27

2

153

5

46
35
11

105
-

105

_

3

-

-

3

-

55
38
17

_

1154
-

16
10
6

3
60
12
48

193

25
25

_
-

23
-

_
_

-

426

6

11
1
10

411
294

28

6

-

-

117

28

6

25
1
24

57
47
10

85
72
13

_

-

_

-

99

_

_

-

-

-

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978— Continued
Hourly ea mings 4

N um ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings o f—
%

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

s

%

%

i

i

s

s

s

s

s

3 .60

3.80

4 .20

4 .40

S
5.80

*

3 .40

*
1 ------- ■ j —
4 .60 5 .00 5 .40

s

3 .20

«
4 .00

*

2 .80

$ A
3 .00

%

2.60

6 .20

6.60

7.00

7 .40

7 . 80

8.20

8 .60

9.00

9 .40

2 .80

Occupation and industry d ivis io n

Number
of
workers

3 .00

3 .20

3.40

3 .60

3 .80

4 .00

4.20

4 .40

4 .60

5 .00

5.40

5 .80

6.20

6 .60

7.00

7.40

7.80

8.20

8.60

9.00

9.40

9.80

~

”

1

5

2

2

~

4

8

1

6

27

12
5
7

4
3
1

11
11

10
10

"

~

88
78

63
32
31
3

60
17
43
17

83
10

144
69
75
71

~i -------

i

an d
under

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED

GUARDS -

CONTINUED

GUARDS. CLASS A:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

84

$
6.23

$
7 .53

$
4 .25 -

$
7 .53

262

60
14
46

67
6
61

16
6
10

39
7
32

33
22
11

30
4
26

186
47
139

163
45
118

121
7
114

135
63
72
4

111
57
54
23

71
59
12

55
39
16

GUARDS. CLASS B -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURIN6 --------------------------------------

3 .00 5
160
2 .84 5

3 .03
5 .91
2 .87

2 .75
5.50
2 .72

2 .65 4 .03 2 .65 -

2 .90
8 .05
2 .85

17 11
3
17 08

640

262

640

J A N I T O R S . PO RTERS. ANO CLEANERS ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

6*896
891

3.21
5 .09

2 .65
4 .51

2 .65 3 .68 -

6.00 5
209

2.93
5.70

2 .65
5 .65

2 .65 5 .2 6 -

2 .95
7 .31
2 .75
6.19

4782
53
4729

454
35
419

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




12

8

*
27

10

”

"

73
50

”

1

44

6

-

-

-

-

3

-

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

- /

_

3

-

-

77
66
11

-

-

-

-

8
8

241
223
18

108
57
51
16

_

3

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

3
3

-

_

_

-

20
20
13

1

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement
and custodial workers, by sex, in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings^

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivision

MAINTEN ANC E. TOOLROOM, ANO
POUERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis ion

m aterial

movement

an d

OCCUPATIONS -

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

14 7
101

$
7 .78
8 .07

MAINTENANCE e l e c t r i c i a n s -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

491
3 14
17 7

8 .32
8.23
8 .48

MAINTENANCE P AI N TE R S ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

150
54
96

7.12
8 .46
6.38

m ain ten a nc e

m a c h i n i s t s ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

387
314

8 .10
7 .63

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (M ACHINERY) MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NO N M A NU FAC TUR IN G--------- :---------------------------

579
483
96

6 .66
6 .44
7 .79

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 .29 7
176
1 .12 1
1 .01 8

7 .76
6 .51
7 .96
8 .08

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

1 74
1 73

8 .67
8 .67

MI LLWRIGH TS ----------------------------------------------------------

115

9.05

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS -------------------

424

5 .47

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

195
195

S T AT IO NA R Y ENGINEERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

145
81
64

Number
of
workers

Average
( mean2)
hourly
earnings4

c u s to d ia l

4,171
456
3.715
2.134

$
6 .99
4.95
7 .25
8 .50

3 07
72
235

4.22
4 .59
4 .10

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEOIUH TRUCK
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.538
156
1 .38 2
463

6 .04
5 . 34
6.12
8.38

TR UCKDRIVERS. T R A C T O R -T R A IL E R
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

2 .12 4
148
1 .97 6
1.539

8 .11
5 .22
8 .32
8 .62

TR UCKDRIVERS. L I G H T TRUCK
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

sh ipper s:

---------------

76

4 .72

RECEIVERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------

258
96
162

6.07
6.04
6 .10

SHIPPERS AND RECEIVERS
MANUFACTURING --------------

1 81
1 47

5 .64
5.42

8 .17
8 .17

WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S -

652
160
492
176

5.56
4 .62
5 .87
7.14

7.36
8 . 30
6 .18

ORDER F I L L E R S --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------

1.684
350
1.334

6.07
4.04

S H IP P IN G PACKERS ------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------

544
329

5 .02
3 .75
6 .96

See footn otes at end o f t a b le s .




13

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

2 .037
463
1 .5 74

$
5 .69
4.88
5 .93

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

2.284
1 .20 5
1 .0 79

5 .43
5.48
5.38

--------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

3.191
222

3 .16
6.11

84

6 .23

GUAROS. CLASS B:
m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------

138

6 .03

J A N I T O R S . PO RTERS. AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

4 .06 5
743
3 .32 2
179

3 .48
5.26
3 .08
5 .75

ORDER F I L L E R S --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

879
162
717

4 .00
3 .64
4.08

SH IP P IN G PACKERS -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

4 30
284

4 .32
4 .60

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

52
50

5 .51
5.43

J A N I T O R S . PO RTERS. AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

2.831
148
2 .68 3
30

2 .82
4 .27
2 .74
5.37

guards

m a n u factu r in g

Number
of
workers

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CU STO DIA L
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED

HEN

TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

Sex, 3 occupation, and in du stry d ivis io n

215

GUAROS, CLASS A:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CU STO D IA L
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

6 .61




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts.
for selected occupational groups in Atlanta, Ga., for selected periods
M ay 1972

M ay 1973

to

to

M ay 1973

In du stry and occupational g r o u p 5

M ay 1974

M ay 1974

M ay 1975

to

M ay 1975

M ay 1976

to
M ay 1976

to
M av 1977

M ay 1977
to
M ay 1978

A l l in du stries:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . ________ . . ________ ____________
E le c tr o n ic data p ro ce ssin g ____ ________ ______ .
In du stria l nurses______________________________________
S k illed m aintenance tra d es_________________________
U n skilled plant w o r k e r s . _________________________

6.6
(6 )
6.6
7.3
6.1

7.2
(* )
7.5
8.5
12.6

10.2
10.6
12.2
10.2
8.3

7.2
8.2
7.9
8.7
7.8

6.8
7.3
6.4
8.6
6.1

Manufacturing:
O ffic e c le r i c a l________________________________________
E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g ____ ________ ________
In du stria l nurses__________________________ ________
S k illed m aintenance tra d es__________________________
U nskilled plant w o r k e r s . . . _______________ _____

6.3
(6 )
(6 )
6.7
5.5

6.3
<:>

11.2

6.6

6.7

(* )

(6 )
8.0
7.8

(? )
(‘ )
7.8
8.3

(>
(6 )

7.9
10.7

(6)
11.1
11.5

7.5
8.3

Nonmanuf ac tur in g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l______________________________________
E le c tr o n ic data p ro c e s s in g . ________ _____________
In d u stria l n urses______________________________________
U nskilled plant w o r k e r s . ________ .. ____________

6.6
(‘ )
(6 )
6.2

7.3
(6 )
5.8
13.3

10.0
10.3
10.1
7.3

7.3
8.7
(6 )
7.9

6.8
7.6
(6 )
5.4

6.7
10.3
(6 )
10.2

(‘ )

(‘ )

See footn otes at end of tables.

A re v is e d d es crip tio n fo r com pu ter o p era to rs is being introduced in this a rea in
1978.
The re v is e d d es crip tio n is not co n s id ere d equ ivalent to the previou s description.
T h e re fo r e , the earnings o f com pu ter o p era to rs a re not used in computing p ercen t in crea ses
fo r the e le c tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g group.

14

6.5
9.4
9.4
8.1
9.8

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
N u m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings o f—
Number

s

*

Average
weekly

100

*

%

S

woikers

(standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range2

120

130

140

-

-

-

120

130

-

3
~
3

-

-

_

_

_

and
under

s

%

110

110

Occupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

s

s

*
170

S

*

16 0

180

s

S

$

-

-

-

-

-

140

150

160

170

180

190

12
2
10

71
26
45

94
34
60
-

16 8
68
102

193
47
146

-

-

196
55
141
3

_

_

_

_

4
i

210

-

-

-

-

-

200

210

220

230

240

260

188
48
140
5

167
48
119
8

145
39
106
13

116
30
86
15

118
30
88
14

190
94
96
25

1
1

1
1

4
4

13
13

12
11
2

190

220

2 30

s

S

200

-

150

240

260

s

$

s

s

2 80

300

320

340

360

-

-

-

-

-

and

280

300

320

340

360

over

191
36
155
103

243
20
223
113

200
108
92
52

55
15
40
19

29
6
23
ii

37
10
27
18

19
17
4

14
9
5

21
17
10

9
7
5

20
15
12

5
3
1

10
5
2

ALL WORKERS
S EC R ET AR IE S --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------

2 * A 16
714
1 .70 2
399

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

$
229.00
227.50
2 29.50
2 82.00

$
218.50
2 18.50
2 18.50
2 84.00

$
$
1 8 4.00-276.03
1 8 1 .0 0 -2 6 6 .0 0
1 8 4.00-278.50
263.0 0 -3 00 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS A —
NONMANUFACTURING ------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------

133
1 04
41

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

2 82.00
2 75.00
30 1.0 0

2 78.50
2 64.50
2 99.50

2 3 7.30-322.00
2 3 5.00-311.50
2 7 6.00-331.53

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS B —
NONMANUFACTURING ------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------

445
358
157

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

258.50
257.00
2 86.50

262.00
2 6 3.5 0
2 8 7.5 0

2 2 1.00-292.00
2 1 9.50-292.00
2 7 1 .5 0 -3 0 1 .0 3

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS C —
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------

7 58
202
556
1 37

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

217.50
220.50
216.50
277.00

2 07.50
2 09.50
2 0 7.0 0
278.50

1 8 4.00-244.50
1 9 1.00-245.00
1 7 9.00-243.00
2 5 7.50-292.00

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS 0 —
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------

599
356
243
61

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

221.00
217.00
226.50
271.00

2 06.00
194.50
2 09.00
2 64.50

175.0 0 -2 67 .5 0
163.5 0 -3 01 .0 0
1 9 0 .5 0 -2 6 0 .5 0
2 2 8.00-306.00

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS E —
NONMANUFACTURING -------------

315
275

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

179.00
173.50

173.50
171.50

1 6 1.00-191.30
1 5 9 .0 0 -1 8 6 .5 0

_

STENOGRAPHERS --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------

760
595
539

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

2 33.00
2 19.00
222.00

240.00
22 3.0 0
2 25.00

190.0 0 -2 78 .0 3
1 8 0.00-243.00
1 8 6.00-252.00

-

“

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING ------------P UR LI C U T I L I T I E S --------

347
334
281

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

2 13.50
2 14.00
220.00

216.50
220.50
223.00

167.0 0 -2 75 .0 0
1 6 7 .3 0 -2 7 5 .0 3
170.0 0 -2 76 .5 0

_

_

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR NONMANUFACTURING ------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------

413
2 61
258

3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

249.50
2 25.00
2 24.50

2 41.50
236.50
236.50

2 1 8 .5 0 -2 9 3 .5 0
1 9 9 .5 0 -2 4 1 .5 3
199.5 0 -2 41 .5 3

_

T Y P I S T S -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------

336
319

191.50
1 8 9.0 0
201.00

193.00
188.50
203.50

157.5 0 -2 24 .5 3
1 5 6.50-224.50
161.0 0 -2 47 .5 3

_

117

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

T Y P I S T S . CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -------

1 29
115
49

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 9 9.0 0
193.50
2 21.50

188.50
180.50
223.00

1 6 7.00-247.50
1 6 5 .5 0 -2 4 7 .5 0
197.0 0 -2 47 .5 3

-

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -------

207
204
68

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

186.50
186.50
18 6.0 0

195.50
195.50
170.50

F I L E CLERKS --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S -------

336
326
60

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

1 50.00
1 46.50
207.00

137.00
137.00
184.00

-

-

-

-

~
_

_

_

_

_

-

3

_

2

19
~

3

-

2

19

_

2
2
-

26
26
-

_

_
-

-

9
9
3

22
21
1

26
24
1

35
26
3

33
28
5

30
25

-

”

46
23
6

70
55
35

88
83
61

40
36
32

12
4
1

9
7
5

10
5
4

22
2
20

44
3
41

66
9
57

81
33
48

88
33
55

74
23
51
5

67
19
48
4

45
14
31
5

46
9
37
8

57
26
31
15

55
13
45
41

48
8
40
38

19
11
8
7

7
2
5
3

6
-

9
-

6
3

9
8

32
32
-

62
59
3

59
38
21

50
15
35

29
14
15
4

17
3
14
4

106
91
15
8

6
2
4
2

4
-

“

26
3
23
20

4
-

-

18
5
13
5

39
36
3

-

40
12
28
2

32
8
24

-

47
10
37
4

4
4

i

9
2

7
4

_

-

-

”

5

_

_

-

_

-

_

8
8

26
26

40
40

52
51

56
56

52
48

27
23

26
15

5
2

6

-

-

2
2
2

12
12
9

24
22
13

21
20

46
46
36

38
35
34

38
34
33

27
26
24

23
22
20

69
66
65

31
29
24

111
111
106

104
104
102

159

16

47
47
38

2
2
2

12
12
9

24
22
13

16
15
11

40
40
31

32
32
22

17
16
15

14
12
11

12
11
9

5
4
2

50
47
46

9
7
2

20
20
15

_

-

-

5
5
5

7
7
7

14
14
14

21
19
19

24
22
22

15
15
15

18
18
18

19
19
19

22
22
22

17
16
6

16
14
8

39
35
7

16
14
8

33
32
4

6
4
2

9
7
7

5
3
2

4
3
3

30
28

11

29
29

-

6

1

7
5
5

_

5
5
5

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

“

-

6
3

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

4
4

22
22
10

23
22
2

31
31
14

29
29
8

23
23

2
2
-

4
4

17
17
-

16
16
4

11

-

8
8
i

19
18
2

23
23
13

12
12
8

7
7
5

6
6

1

20
20
10

-

10
10
6

67
66
4

81
81
8

40
40

27
27

5
5

2

11

8
8
3

9
9
2

2
2
2

16
16

1

-

-

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

150.3 0 -2 24 .0 3
1 5 0 .0 0 -2 2 4 .0 0
157.5 0 -2 16 .5 0

_

_

-

-

12
12

124.5 0 -1 50 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
15 0.5 0 -2 42 .5 0

24
24

37
37

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




-

15

9

1

10
6

11

-

4
3

-

-

“

“

~

1
1
1

_

_

11
11

7
7
5

-

-

79
79
78

9
9
9

5
5
5

1
1
1

_

_

-

-

91
91
91

25
25
24

150
2
2

2
2
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16
10

39
39
24

4
4
4

8
2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33
33
24

_

6
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16
10

6
6

4
4
4

2
2
2

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

7
3
3

5
2
2

2
2
2

6
6
6

-

-

“

-

-

“

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings
( standard)
Number

Oc cupation and in d u s t r y d iv i si o n
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings o f—
i -------- t

100
Mean2

Middle range2

Median 2

and
under

S
110

*
120

s
130

s
140

s
150

$

%

160

170

S
180

S

t

190

200

210

s

$
220

2 30

s

$

%

240

260

280

s

%

300

320

%

340

360

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

233

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

over

8
8

23
23

42
42
4

40
40
8

16
16

2
2

-

-

~

~
~

-

-

6
2
2

“

"

2
2
2

2
2

“

5
5
5

~

-

7
5
5

“

~

-

9
9
4

6
6
* 6

7
6
3

13
13
8

9
6
2

3
2
2

6
5
5

8
6
3

5
5
5

20
20
13

4
4
4

13
13
12

6
6
i

2

5
5
4

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

2

~

“

”

“

~

"

“

13
11

30
29

9
9

10
9
3

12
10
2

5
5
2

3
3
3

5
5
4

5
4
2

6
6
3

12
12
11

-

8

-

-

“
~

“

2
2
2

-

“

16
14
2

3

7

1

2

6

3

2

2

-

5

-

-

-

118
19
99
4

132

94

113
4
109

137
11
126
106

212
6
206
169

101
85

35
2
33
20

25
22
3
1

1
1

75

75
5
70
31

101

32

114
7
107
38

49

19
113
26

142
14
128
18

16
-

33
-

31
-

33
2
31

38
3
35

30
3
27
10

29
3
26
7

18

22
5
17
6

149

1
17
8

5
144
138

87
“
87
78

21
1
20
9

24
21
3
1

1
1
“

“

63
1
62
31

14

14

~
14
7

1
13
11

1
1
“
~

“

~

28
~
28
28

19
14
5

12
10
4

10
10

10
10

1

i
~

”

"

4
4
*4

126
1
125
85

40
21
19
10

5
2
3
“

9

~

“

107
1
106
83

29
15
14

2
2

19

11
6
5

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
F I L E CLERKS -

CONTINUED
$

$

F I L E CL ERK S. CLASS B -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

168
162
38

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

$
1 53.00
149.00
215.00

$
1 33.00
1 33.00
209.00

123.0 0 -1 49 .5 0
1 2 3.00-144.00
1 3 7.0 0 -2 69 .0 0

MESSENGERS -----------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

136
120
64

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

1 77.50
182.00
196.50

175.50
1 88.00
208.50

133.5 0 -2 09 .0 0
140.0 0 -2 15 .5 0
1 7 0.5 0 -2 23 .0 0

SUITCHBOARO OPERATORS -------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

164
147
34

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 74.50
1 68.50
224.50

162.00
1 54.00
223.00

139.5 0 -1 97 .0 0
138.0 0 -1 89 .5 0
1 9 7.0 0 -2 49 .0 0

SUITCHROARO O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T S -

52

4 0 .0

1 86.50

1 69.00

129.0 0 -2 10 .0 3

19 5.0 0
1 92.50
195.50
2 28.00

158.0 0 -2 35 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0 -2 55 .5 0
156.5 0 -2 34 .0 0
20 3.5 0 -2 57 .5 0

“

-

“

_

19
19

9
9

4

-

-

1.727
139
1 .58 8
684

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

2 00.00
217.00
1 98.50
2 3 2.00

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

582
54
5 28
267

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

229.00
2 80.00
223.50
255.00

2 42.00
312.00
2 37.50
257.50

189.0 0 -2 62 .0 0
230.0 0 -3 12 .0 0
18 6.5 0 -2 57 .5 0
24 3.5 0 -2 68 .5 0

ACCOUNTING CLER KS . CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1.145
85
1 .06 0
417

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

185.50
177.00
186.50
2 1 7.00

17 5.0 0
167.50
176.00
209.50

149.5 0 -2 15 .0 0
15 5.5 0 -1 84 .0 0
148.5 0 -2 17 .0 0
1 8 9.5 0 -2 28 .0 0

3
-

62

-

-

-

105
2
103
24

_

_

8
-

12
-

-

54
-

-

-

-

~

-

125
6
119

102
19
83

99
19
80
22

76
4
72
38

83
1
82
65

46
2
44
24

27

4

61
5
56
32

119

7

I l l
14
97
18

10
109
98

27
8

10
10
1

8
8

21
6

7
5
-

6
6
2

6
4

“

10
6
1

15
14

~

it
10
3

5

2

7
5
1

~

59
12
47
6

70
17
53
6

58
8
50
7

62
5
57
18

59
7
52
16

53
2
51
16

111
8
103
26

73
5
68
12

58
5
53
33

41
3
38
10

86

13
8
5
~

29

25
2
23
4

18
2
16

21
2
19
2

19
19
13

23
2
21
8

18
2
16
8

12
2
10
4

60

37
3
34
14

41
5
36
16

32
“
32
14

92
8
84

50
3
47
4

40
3
37
25

29
1
28
6

26
“
26
7

-

24

2 0 7.00
212.00
2 0 6.50
2 2 9.00

2 05.00
1 92.00
2 05.00
2 28.00

1 6 9.0 0 -2 46 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0 -2 85 .0 0
169.0 0 -2 45 .0 0
19 6.0 0 -2 62 .5 0

_

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

407
52
355
147

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 2 9.50
2 3 9.50
2 2 8.00
2 5 4.50

2 42.50
2 36.00
243.00
2 61.50

1 8 7.00-265.00
1 6 5.0 0 -2 93 .5 0
19 0.0 0 -2 62 .0 0
23 5.5 0 -2 77 .5 0

4
-

6
-

4

6

-

-

-

65
4
61
3

-

_
-

7
-

11

-

4
4

7

-

“

11
~

-

_

-

7
22
“

2

4

2

W o r k e rs w e r e at $360 to $380.

16

58
4
54

48
12
36

57
9
48

29
i

3

4
-

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




31

54

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

5
44
14

33
4

-

5
5

15

7
87

“

26

2

7

16

3

985
10 7
878
270

*

~

26

6
134

1

15

12

-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

195.50

8
-

93
2
91

162.0 0 -2 57 .0 0
16 0.0 0 -2 60 .0 0
20 4.5 0 -2 63 .0 0

123

-

-

205.00
207.00
2 18.50

1 5 6.00-213.00
1 4 9.5 0 -2 08 .0 0
157.5 0 -2 13 .0 0
1 7 7.0 0 -2 23 .0 0

140

62

212.00
216.00
2 3 9.00

193.50
178.00
1 96.00

2

26

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

191.00
1 86.00
191.50
1 9 8.00

1

26

3

168
130
28

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .9

13

3

PAYROLL CLERKS -------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

578
55
523

1

-

_

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

-

-

ACCOUNTING CLERKS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

3 8 .5

8
8

20
12
1

4

“

6

6

7

28

13

3
3

86
22

60
15

-

19
2

2

~

\

_

“

4

9
9

34

“

7
2

-

34
34

9
9

6

“
“

-

-

3

~
6
6

_

9
7
2

10
3

“

“
“
“
-

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earn in gs o f—
Occupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

s

Average
weekly
(standard)

s
140

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

%

160

s
200

180

s

S
220

240

S
26 0

s

*

280

300

s

s
320

340

S
360

s

S

$
38 0

4 00

4 20

s

S
440

4 60

s

s
480

500

S
520

and
under

560
an d

160

ALL

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

4 20

440

460

4 80

500

520

560

over

-

1
-

1
-

12

-

23
-

28
1

“

1

1

12

23

27

26
5
21

47
3
44

47
3
44

57
23
34

74
17
57

68
12
56

50
6
44

59
11
48

32
3
29

42
8
34

28
3
25

22
3
19

31
7
24

14
5
9

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

28
13
15

10
19

15
5
10

17
5
12

11

~

23
11
12

10

-

”

16
1
15

8

-

i
i

29

-

20
1
19

30
6
24

14
5
9

UORKERS

COM PUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ----------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C T UR IN G ------------------------------------------

662
n o
552

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

$
3 90.03
408.00
38 6.5 0

$
3 84.00
384.50
3 8 4.0 0

$
$
333.5 0 -4 41 .5 0
3 5 4.50-451.00
3 3 0.00-441.50

C OMP UT ER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------

222
58
164

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

439.00
4 19.00
4 46.00

41 7.5 0
385.50
4 37.00

3 7 1.50-511.01
363.5 0 -4 28 .0 3

CO MPU TE R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ---------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

224
178

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

404.00
404.00

4 18.50
4 18.50

357.0 0 -4 51 .5 0
359.0 0 -4 45 .5 0

578
64
514
366

3 9 .3
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

324.00
296.50
3 27.53
343.50

326.50
2 76.00
3 37.00
3 52.00

274.0 0 -3 67 .5 3
2 3 0.00-334.50
280.0 0 -3 70 .0 0
3 0 3.50-377.50

C OM PU TE R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S A -------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C T UR IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

164
139
59

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

36 3.5 0
359.00
415.00

3 5 9.0 0
366.50
3 86.50

311.0 0 -3 85 .5 0
3 1 1.00-385.53
378.0 0 -4 50 .5 0

CO MP UT ER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C TU R IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

275
251
200

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

324.50
32 9.5 0
348.00

33 8.0 0
3 5 1.0 0
3 56.50

276.0 0 -3 65 .0 3
291.0 0 -3 67 .0 0
3 1 6.50-372.00

CO MP U TE R PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L A S S C -------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C T UR IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

1 39
124
107

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

280.00
288.03
2 95.50

278.50
2 92.00
3 01.50

23 0.0 0 -3 28 .5 0
242.5 0 -3 38 .0 0
244.0 0 -3 39 .5 0

COMPU TER O P E R A T O R S --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

594
96
498
299

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

250.50
288.00
243.50
254.00

236.50
337.00
23 6.5 0
23 6.5 0

205.0 0 -2 97 .5 0
205.0 0 -3 37 .0 0
206.0 0 -2 77 .5 0
2 2 1.50-307.50

40
1
39
29

CO MPU TE R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ------------N ON M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------

110
65

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

30 7.5 0
289.50

3 23.00
2 78.00

26 5.0 0 -3 37 .0 0
247.0 0 -3 12 .0 3

-

CO MPU TE R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ------------N O N M A N UF A C T UR IN G -----------------------------------------P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------------

236
198

2 58.00
257.50

2 41.00
2 4 6.5 0

121

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

2 70.00

2 70.50

207.0 0 -3 05 .5 0
209.5 0 -3 05 .5 3
217.5 0 -3 31 .5 0

CO MP U TE R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C ------------N ON M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------

248
235

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

218.00
2 19.00

23 6.5 0
2 3 6.5 0

178.5 0 -2 36 .5 0
181.5 0 -2 36 .5 0

D R A F T E R S -------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------------

409
65
344
215

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

244.00
2 70.50
2 39.00
2 36.00

23 4.5 0
252.50
2 2 9.5 0
2 2 9.5 0

221.3 0 -2 63 .0 0
220.5 0 -3 13 .0 0
221.0 0 -2 57 .5 0
217.5 0 -2 48 .5 0

CO MP UT ER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) -------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O NM A N UF A C TU R IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

_

3 7 6.50-512.50

~

_

_

“
-

_

~

_

“

_

~
15
2
13

23
6
17

~

_

3
1
2

1

10

_

_

_

-

-

-

8

10

11

1
1

2
2

13
8

20
18

7
6

20
12

8
4

18
16

29
28

37
31

20
17

29

17
14

2

1

21

-

-

-

31
9
22
10

35
5
30

58
12
46

44
5
39
27

88
3
85
70

27
2
25
23

23
1
22
21

10

5
1
4
4

5
2
3
3

3
2
1
1

_

-

-

10
10

8
1
7
7

6

29

73
4
69
39

84
3
8 1

17

37
5
32
18

6
6

“

4
4

5
4

7
7

14
11

21
18

13
11

29

2
2
1

4
4
4

4

“

23
21
19

6

26
13

5
5

3
3

5
3
3

3
1
1

6
6
6

59
59
57

3
3
3

15
14
14

6
6
6

2
2
2

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

6
6
6

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
6
i

_

_

-

-

70

-

~

”

“

“

~

~

~

18
13
4

8
8

6
6

ii
9
i

40

~

12
7
1

28
20

16
14
11

32
31
23

13
13
11

51
50
50

7
5
1

17
11
10

15
11
9

19
17
16

11
11
9

7
7
7

20
20
16

13
13
12

20
20
20

42
12
30
12

53
5
48
13

64
13
51
16

113
3
110

28
3
25

33
1
32

-

19

48
38
10
10

9

7

44
4
40
34

25

88

76
4
72
34

i
8
6

10
3
7
6

-

-

3
2

12
11

12
11

10
10

12
12

5
3

41
3

6
6

6
6

i
i

-

-

32
28
12

41
29

16
14

33
31

18
15

6

_

_

-

-

-

16

7

7

25
25
25

3
1

7

18
17
12

3
2

12

18
17
14

7
7

-

16
12
9

40
39

26
18

21
20

20
20

85
85

31
30

-

3
3

21
20

_

-

1

13

27
2
25
19

54
11
43
24

139
13
126
99

69
8
61
16

33
7
26

33
5
28
16

11
4
7
7

9

”

_

_

“

_

-

~

3
2

-

1
1

13
13

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




_

-

17

-

8

25
25

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

.
-

_
_

_

_

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

9
8

16
15
1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments
in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and in d u s tr y d iv i si o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

N u m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly earnings of—
140

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under
160

160

_
180

180

200

_

_

200

220

220

_

240

_

240

260

_

260

280

_
280

300

_
300

320

_
320

34 0

_
340

360

_
360

380

400

380

_

4 20

400

420

_

_

440

440

_
460

* L L WORKERS—
CONTINUED

D R A FT E R S -

C O N T IN U E D
A ----------------------

78

3 9 .0

$
2 9 8.50

$
298.50

$
$
2 6 6 .5 0 -3 4 0 .5 0

1

9

8

11

11

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S 8 ---------------------NONMAN UFA CT UR ING ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

102
83
60

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

2 4 2.50
2 4 2.00
239.00

2 39.00
240.00
235.50

2 2 0 .5 0 -2 5 7 .5 0
2 2 1.00-257.50
2 1 9.50-257.50

21
18
14

31
23
20

26
23
15

9
8
3

12
10
7

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ---------------------NONMAN UFAC TUR ING ----------------------

1 27
116

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

230.00
2 3 1.00

230.00
2 35.50

2 0 1 .5 0 -2 5 7 .0 0
1 9 8.00-257.50

16
8

23
22

35
33

13
13

10
10

ORAFTERS.

ELECTRONICS
REGISTERED

CLASS

-----------

292

3 9 .5

327.50

329.50

3 2 0 .0 0 -3 5 3 .5 0

3

19

6

1

10

21

113

102

11

3

NU RSES

77

3 9 .5

2 9 8.50

30 7.0 0

2 6 0.50-328.50

6

7

6

7

9

12

17

5

1

7

TECHN ICIANS
INDUSTRIAL

12
12

See footnotes at end o f tables.




18

-

3

460

_

480

_
4 80

500

520

520

560

-

500

_

and

560

over

Table A-10. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sexlarge establishments in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
Average
(mean*)

Sex, 3 occupation, and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS -

Weekhr
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

HEN

Sex,

occupation, and in d u s tr y div ision

Weekly
hours
(standard)

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

179.00
182.03
1 96.50

--------------------

3 8 .5

2 28.50

CLERKSt CLASS A
n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g :
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------

3 9 .5

2 73.50

:
U TIL ITIE S

n o n m an u factu r in g

A C C O U N T IN G

,
n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g :
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

acc o u n tin g

OFFICE

clerks

class

O CCUPATIONS

r

3 9 .5

3 8 .5

210.50

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A ------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

S E C R E T A R I E S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O NM A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

.294
713
.581
399

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

232.00
227.50
234.00
2 82.00

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A —
N O N M A N UF A C TU RI N G -----------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S —

133
1 04

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

282.00
275.00
301.00

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B -•
N O N M A N UF A C T UR IN G -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

4 36
349
15 7

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

259.50
258.00
286.53

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C -■
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O NM A N UF A C T UR IN G -----------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S —

672

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

223.50
220.50
224.50
277.00

S E C R E TA R IE S . CLASS 0 —
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O NM A N UF A C T UR IN G -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

598
355
243

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

220.50
216.50
226.53
2 71.00

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS E —
N ON MA N UF A C TU R IN G ------------

289
249

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

180.50
17 4.5 0

----------------------------N O N M A N U FA C TU R IN G ----------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S —

746
5 81
525

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

234.00
220.03
223.00

342
329

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

214.00
215.00

stenographers

STENOGRAPHERS.

GENER AL
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

, s en io r
N O N M A N U FA C TU R IN G ----------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S —

stenographers

202
470
13 7

276

3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

2 21.00
250.50
226.00
225.50

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

467
96
371

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

3 9 8.5 0
412.00
39 5.0 0

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! . C L A S S A ------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TU RIN G ---------------------

178
52
126

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

4 4 5.0 0
4 2 1.0 0
4 5 5.0 0

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! . C L A S S B -------------

150

3 8 .5

40 6.0 0

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! . C L A S S C ------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G ---------------------

187.50
1 87.50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

153.50
149.50
2 1 5.50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 53.00
1 48.50
2 2 0.5 0

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B NONMA NU FAC TUR ING

204

2 01
257
247

N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -

139
134

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

3 30.50
3 30.50

4 26
383
3 09

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

33 7.5 0
339.50
346.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! .
C L AS S A --------------------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

118
96
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

37 8.0 0
3 80.00
4 2 0.5 0

CO MPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! .
CL AS S B --------------------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

202
185
162

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

338.50
3 44.00
35 3.0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ! .
C L AS S C --------------------------------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TU RIN G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 06
102
98

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

29 0.5 0
2 9 3.0 0
2 97.50

385
72
313
178

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

25 7.0 0
2 94.50
248.50
25 6.5 0

86
53

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

3 10.50
2 9 5.5 0

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S R
N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G --------------------------P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

18 0
150
94

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

26 8.0 0
2 6 6.5 0
275.50

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C
N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G --------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------

115
11 0
67

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

2 0 1.0 0
2 0 0.5 0
20 3.5 0

29 3
54
23 9

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

2 4 6.5 0
26 6.0 0
242.00

C

( B U S I N E S S ! --------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------N O NN A NU F A C T UR IN G

2 0 3.00
2 2 1.50

—
U TIL ITIE S

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

174.00
1 67.00
2 1 8.00

OPERA T O R - R E C E P T I O N 1 S T S -

4 0 .0

186.50

A C C O U N T IN G CL ER K S ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TUR IN G -----------------------------------------P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

203.50
212.00
202.50
2 3 2.50

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S A ---------------N ON N A NU F A C T UR IN G -----------------------------------------P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

2 2 4.50
220.00
2 5 3.00

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S R ---------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TUR IN G -----------------------------------------P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

191.00
1 77.50
192.00
218.00

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

211.00
217.50

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

207.50
212.50
2 07.00
227.50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

232.00
241.50
230.50

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

191.50
199.00

C

N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G - PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

191.00
186.00

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

n on m a n u fa ctu r in g

PURLIC
SWIT CH ROA RO

N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G

—

KE Y E N T R Y OP E RAT OR S —
M A N U F A C TU R IN G ------------N ONM AN UFA CT UR IN G —
PURLIC U T I L I T I E S
KEY E N TR Y O P E R A T O R S .
M A N U F A C TU R IN G ------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G —

CLASS

KEY E N TR Y O P E R A T O R S .
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

CLASS

See fobtnotes at end o f ta b les.




Weekly
hours r
[standard)

207.50

F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS B
N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G ------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -

WOMEN

$
1 9 4.5 0
1 92.50
2 0 2.50

N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

:

--------------------

-

276.00

Number
of
workers

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

CLERKS:

PUBLIC

S e x , 3 occupation, and i nd us tr y div is io n

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

O F FIC E OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— C O N T IN U E D

M ES SE NGE RS ---------------------------------------------------N ON MA N UF A C TU R IN G -------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------A C C O U N T IN G

Average
( mean2)

Average
(mean2)

19

A ----------

B ----------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------NO NMA NU FAC TU RIN G —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A
N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G --------------------------

M A N U F A C TU R IN G -----NO NMA NU FAC TU RIN G

Table A-10. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by se xlarge establishments in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978— Continued
Average
(mean2 )
Sex, 3 occupation,

P R OFE SS ION AL
OCCUPATIONS DR AFTE R S

-

and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Week hr
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

C O MP U T E R

C ONT INUE D
A --------------------------------

69

3 9 .0

$
296.50

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

93
76

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

239.50
2 38.50

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

103
94

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

2 3 0.0 0
2 3 0.50

DRAFTERS.

CLASS

Sex, 3 occupation,

and in d u stry d iv isio n

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

SYST E M S

( B U S IN E S S ).

ANALYSTS

CLASS

B ------------------------------

P ROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ?
:
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

66

3 8 .0

$
4 0 8.50

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

class

b

P ROGRAMMERS

----------------------------

57

3 8 .0

3 28.50

(B U S IN E S S ).

:
U T IL IT IE S

TE CH N IC IANS

-----------------------

275

3 9 .5

3 2 7 - 50

PU B LIC

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




20

38

3 7 .0

3 26.00

and in d u s tr y d i v is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(standard)

1

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

AND T E C H N I C A L
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

OPERATORS.

CLASS B:
:
U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

27

3 7 .5

2 5 1.0 0

D R A F T E R S --------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

116
105

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

2 3 8.50
232.50

73

3 9 .5

3 0 3.50

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

R EGISTE RED

:

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

ELECTRONICS

COMP UT ER

PU BLIC

C OM PU TE R

C O MP UT E R

Sex, 3 occupation,

P R OFE SS ION AL
OCCUPATIONS -

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN

ANO T E C H N I C A L
HEN— C O N T I N U E D

Average
(mean2 )

Average
(mean2 )
Number
of
workers

IND U STRIA L

NUR SE S

------------

Table A-11. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—
large establishments in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
Hourly earnings *

Occupation and industry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Nu m ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ourly earnings o f—

Mean2

Median*

s

*

s

8 .00

8 .40

*
8.80

s

7 .60

9 .20

9 . 6010 .0 0

0
7 .00

7.20

7 .60

8 .00

8 .40

8 . 80

9.20

9 . 6 0 1 0 . 0010 .4 0

$

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

5 .40

5.60

5 .80

6 .00

6,20

6 ,40

6 ,60

6,80

WORKERS

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S ---------------------------N ON MA N UF A C TU R IN G ------------------------------------

130
101

$
8 .02
8.07

$
8.07
7 .88

$
$
7 .0 0 - 9 .55
7 .00 -1 0 .15

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------N O NM A N UF A C T UR IN G ------------------------------------

470
293
17 7

8 .41
8.36
8.48

8 . 30
8.74

8 .1 6 7 .50 8 .29 -

M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------M A IN T E N A N C E

s
7 .20

Middle range 2

‘• • 4 0

ALL

S
7 .00

s

0

M ACH IN ISTS

----------------------------

8 .30

1
1

96
54

8 .66
8.46

9.24
8 .62

360

8 .22

7 .83

7 .83 -

8.23

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC S ( M A C H I N E R Y )
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

32 1
225
96

7.46
7 .31
7 .79

7 .50
7.09
8 .30

6 .91 6 .91 7 .00 -

8.30
8 .50
8 .30

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC S
(M OT OR V E H I C L E S ) -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C TU R IN G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

5 36
55
481
420

8.42
8.46
8 .42
8.57

8 .26
9 .32
8 .21
8 .30

7 .71 8 .29 7 .71 7 .79 -

9 .59
9.32
9 .59
9 .59

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------------

172
1 71

8 .72
8.72

8 .94
8 .56

8 .50 8 .50 -

T O O L AND D I E MAKERS -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------------

149
149

8 .71
8 .71

9 .53
9 .53

8 .84 -

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------------

105
81

7.98
8 .30

8.36
8 .50

21
21

4
4

2
1

15
8

2
2

35
31
4

14
6
8

159
43
116

40
39
1

3
3

-

“

124
116
8

-

_

-

“

2
2

18
18

_

-

27

183

42

4

21
13
8

33
33

-

~

~

109

1
1
~

-

“

29
-

29

29

1
1

29
26

-

6

-

-

73

6
6

-

8
8

-

24

_

-

-

24
24

122
33
89

-

83

-

86
85

_

30
30

84
84

-

-

20
15

-

-

“

“

45
5
40

-

-

109
109

89
9
80
80

9 .36
9 .36

4
4

2
2

18
18

3
3

11
11

48
48

9.53
9 .53

6
6

-

-

“

~

1
1

_

8 .8 4 -

”

i
i

7 .91 7 .91 -

8 .56
8 .56

9
8

_

-

“

13
12

18
16

29
28

21

2
1
1

56
56

3
1
2

30
27

29
29

72
11
61

6
i
5
3

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




18
8

0

8 .0 2 -1 0 .15
8 .0 2 - 9 .24

10
7

0
8
2

16
5

15
15

6
6

9.50
9.50
8.30

9
6

-4

1

77
-

1
1

77
77
-

-

”

Table A-12. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—
large establishments in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
Hourly earnings 4

Occupation and ind us try div is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e hourly earn in gs o f—
*
2 .60

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

s
2.80

$
3 .00

S

%

*

*

3 .20

3 .40

3.6 0

3 .80

$
4 .20

*
4 .40

3
4 .60

S
5 .0 0

s

%

s

s

6 .20

6.60

7.00

7.40

7 .80

_

_

_

3 .40

3 .60

3 .80

4 .0 0

6
-

14
-

-

-

-

-

10
6
4

_

_

_

_

10
4

4 .40

4.60

1
1
-

-

3

6
6
-

-

-

-

_

4.20

5.00

7 .00

S
8.20
_

_

1
8 .60
_

S
9.00
_

S
9.40
_

7.40

7 .80

8 . 20

8.60

9 .00

9 .40

229
46
183

333
8

2 94
10
2 84

“
“

“

282

370
5
365
302

34
34

252
252

-

-

10
10

230
230
124

2 50
2 50
2 48

118
113
113

-

-

“

“

174
174
174

-

-

5 .<0

5 .80

6 .20

6 .60

44
44
3

20
11
9
4

21
2
19
1

51
12
39
23

27
1
26
“

“

325
219

28
28

4
4

23
18

29
23

14
13

55
9

96
95

13
2

3 .20

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

$
7.77
6 .70
7.85
8 .27

$
8 .02
7 .13
8.02
8.02

$
7 .3 6 6 .2 5 7 .4 1 7 .9 1 -

$
8.41
7 .13
8.41
8.51

T R U C K D R I V E R S . MEDIUM T R UC K -----------N O NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

568
506

7.54
7.64

7.91
8 .41

7 .1 3 7 .6 6 -

8.41
8 .41

T R U C K O R I V E R S . T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

974
952
659

8.04
8.08
8.41

8.02
8.02
8.02

7 .4 1 7 .41 8 .0 2 -

-

13
7

2
2

174
174

8.51
8.51
9 .40

R E C E I V E R S -----------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

206
143

6 .43
6 .23

7 .33
7.33

4 .7 9 4 .4 3 -

7.74
7 .52

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

396
305

6 .57
6 .86

6 .56
6 .89

5 .9 0 6 .3 3 -

7 .05
8 .30

_

ORDER F I L L E R S --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

502
483

5.90
5 .93

6 .47
6 .47

4 .8 5 4 .7 0 -

6 .93
6 .93

-

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

418
288

5 . 18
5.68

5 .13
5 .33

3 .86 4 .8 8 -

6 .40
7 .65

5 .8 0 4 .70 6 .1 5 -

7.86
7.48
7 .86

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

6

14

4
4

12
12

_

_

-

-

“

"
-

-

-

-

-

8
8

14
14

6
6

-

-

20
20

”

9.80

-

-

19
3

3
3

43
4

74
38

51
51

85
85

16
16

”

4
4

BO
80

-

“

1
1

-

“

-

-

”
-

-

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

22
19

12
6

24
3

76

2
2

6
5

7
4

18
17

76
76

8
8

19
19

30
30

4
4

14
3

73
73

-

-

-

“

“

~

2
-

1
-

5

9
-

14

83
65
18

14

136

201

134

-

201

5
129

-

136

4 26
4 26

-

15
49

178
78
100

-

1
13

170
17
153

64

9

37
4
33

8
-

“
~

4
4

161
152
9

32
1
31

50
50

154
148
6

46
35
11

105
“
105

11
1
10

411
294
117

28

-

-

-

28

“

“

~

57
47

85
72

-

-

-

54

8

-

-

-

-

13
-

9
-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

GUARDS -----------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

1.001
207

3.93
6.45

2.78
7 .53

2 .6 5 4 .5 3 -

4 .35
8 .05

512
*

53
-

17
“

A ------------------------------------

134

6 . 38

7 .29

4 .6 5 -

7 .53

-

-

G U AR O S. C L A S S B t
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

130

6.42

7 .85

4 .1 5 -

8.05

-

-

2

1

5

2

_

2

-

“

-

~

-

7
4
3

2

34
7

18
8

32
“

37
26

51
10

28
1

17
7

9
7

11
11

10
10

-

3

~

~

25
1

-

-

3

2

-

4

23

1

9

5

-

-

-

-

25

-

-

6

6

-

22

-

1

3

11

10

-

-

33
27

37
13

82
9

144
69

20

3

17

50

71

13

97
9

101
14

36
3

58
36

40
26

“

“

~

4

2

22

14
7

9

2
12

4
4

8

_

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




5
5

13
13

_

6 .19

23
23

2 26
226

_

5 .5 3 -

55
17

75
75

7.65
7 .65
7.65

6 .01

34
34

1
1

5 .7 1 5 .6 0 6 .9 8 -

5 .78

3
3

5
2

6 .98
6 .01
6 .98

176

16
6

-

5

37
37

8
-

213
32

9

27
11

15
7

1154
1

2
2

i
i

6 .56
6 .34
7.02

5 .05
7 .31

5
2

18
18

1 .020
700
320

2 .65 4 .7 0 -

9
9

59
59

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

2 .80
7 .12

6
i

7
7

6 .67
6 . 16
6 .74

3 .83
5 .99

4
3

27
27

1.512
187
1 .32 5

2 .36 3
5 30

3
3

4
2

5
5

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g :
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

“

~

12
12

8

-

184
184
184

-

-

13

3

1
1

6 .94
6 .19
6 .99

CLASS

%

5.80

WORKERS

m a n u f a c t u r in g

G UA R D S .

s
_

3 .00

1.61 3
1 08
1.505
1.018

T R U CK ORIV ER S

$
5.40

and
under
2 .80

ALL

f
4 .00

2
16

~
8

1
1
-

9
4

~

~

~
-

“
-

"
-

“

-

3

66

-

-

-

-

64
57

-

-

-

-

-

”

241
223

“

i

”

7

“

4

“
~

~

“




Table A-13. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sexlarge establishments in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex,

occupation, and indu stry d ivis ion

Average
Number (mean2 )
of
hourly
workers earnings4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CU STO D IA L
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE* TOOLROOM• ANO
POUERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
130

8.0 2

101

8.07

RECEIV ERS ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING

199
137

$
6.52
6.35

470
293
177

8.41
8.36
8.48

WAREHOUSEMEN --------------------NONMANUFACTURING —
P UB LI C U T I L I T I E S

340
249
155

6 .54
6.89
7.48

96
54

8.66

ORDER F I L L E R S ------------NONMANUFACTURING

422
403

6.22
6.28

MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ------------------------------

360

8.22

S H IPP ING PACKERS ----NONNANUFACTURING

129
118

6.51
6 .56

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACH INE RY ) MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

321
225
96

7.46
7.31
7.79

1 .2 8 2
164
1 .1 1 8

6 .86

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VE H IC LE S ) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

535
55
480
419

8 .43
8.46
8 .42
8 .57

980
662
318

6 .59
6 .38
7.02

MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

172
171

8 .72
8 .72

$

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS
NONNANUFACTURING —
m ain ten anc e

e lec tr ic ia n s

MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------MAINTENANCE PAINTERS
MANUFACTURING -------

8.46

MATERIAL HANOLING LABORERS
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------F O R K L I F T OPERATORS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

6.30
6.94

guards:

TOOL ANO D IE MAKERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

149
149

8.71
8.71

STATIONARY ENGINEERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

105
81

7.98
8.30

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

185

6 .61

GUARDS. CLASS A ------------------------------------------

129

6.36

J A N I T O R S . PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 .5 9 5
4 32
1.163
146

4.13
6.24
3.35
5 .86

289
170

4 .59
5.07

98

4 .88

30

5.37

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CU STO D IA L
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CU STO DI AL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 .5 8 6
108
1 .4 7 8
996

7.78
6.70
7.86
8.27

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

548
486

7.51
7.61

TRUCKDRIVERS. T R AC T OR -T R A IL ER ------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

971
949
657

SH IPPING PACKERS —
NONMANUFACTURING

8.04
8 .08
8.41

JAN I T O R S . PO RTERS. AND CLEANERS:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g :
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

See footnotes at end o f tables.

23

B.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p ra c t ic e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s

Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
Other in ex p erien ced c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 8

In ex p erien ced typists

M inim um w e e k ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 7

B ased on standard w eek ly hours 9 of---

A ll
in du stries

A ll
schedules

ES TA BLISHMENTS

STUDIED

ES TA BLISHMENTS HAVING A S P E C I F I E D
MINIMUM -------------------------------------------------------------S 9 7 .5 0
s io o .o o

S 10 5 . 0 0
S 11 0 . 0 0
S115.00
S 12 0 . 0 0
S 12 5 . 0 0
S 13 0 . 0 0
S135.00
* 1 4 0. 0 0
S145.00
S 15 0 . 0 0
S 15 5 . 0 0
S 16 0. 00
S 16 5. 00
S 17 0 . 0 0
S 1 75 .0 0
* 1 8 0 .0 0
S 18 5 . 0 0
S 1 90 .0 0
S 19 5 .0 0
S 20 0 .0 0
S 20 5. 00
S 21 0 .0 0
S215.00
S 22 0 . 0 0
S 22 5 . 0 0
S 23 0. 00
S 23 5. 00
S 24 0. 00
S 24 5. 00
S 25 0. 00
S 25 5 •00

AND UNDER S 1 0 0 . 0 0 ---------------A NO
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
ANO
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
ANO
ANO
ANO
ANO
ANO
ANO
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
ANO
ANO
AND
ANO
AND

UNDER S 1 0 5 . 0 0
UNDER S U 0 . 0 0
UNDER S I 15 > 00
UNDER S I 20a 00
UNDER S I 25•00
UNDER S 1 3 0 . 0 0
UNDER S I 35•00
UNDER S 1 4 0 . 0 0
UNDER S I 45 a 00
UNDER S i 5 0 . 0 0
UNDER S I 5 5 .0 0
UNOER S I 60•00
UNDER S I 65•00
UNDER S I 70•00
UNDER S I 7 5 a00
UNDER S 1 8 0 . 0 0
UNDER S I 85•00
UNDER S 1 9 0 . 0 0
UNOER S I 95•00
UNDER S 2 0 0 . 0 0
UNDER S 2 0 5 . 0 0
UNOER S 2 1 0 . 0 0
UNDER S 2 1 5 . 0 0
UNOER S 2 2 0 . 0 0
UNDER S 2 2 5 . 0 0
UNDER S 2 3 0 . 0 0
UNDER S 2 3 5 . 0 0
UNDER S 2 4 0 . 0 0
UNOER S 2 4 5 . 0 0
UNDER S 2 5 0 . 0 0
UNDER S 2 5 5 . 0 0
O V E R ---------------------

Manufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

M anufacturing

40

A ll
schedules

A ll
industries

Nonm anufacturing

B ased on standard w e e k ly hours 9 of—
A ll
schedules

40

40

A ll
schedules

40

3 7V2

201

73

XXX

128

XXX

201

73

XXX

128

XXX

XXX

46

13

12

33

26

83

26

23

57

45

8

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

1
7

1
6
3
3
8
6
2
2
2
1

4
1

2
1
3
2

2
1
3
2

2
2

-

_

-

1

-

-

4

5
10
4

2
1
1
1
2
i

1

_

-

1
1

1
1

2
1
4
4
7
2
2
1

1
1
3
3
5
1
2
1

-

-

1
2
1
1

1
2
1
1

1
1

-

1

1
13
4

6

6
-

4

i
i
7
2
1

i
6
2
1

2

-

“

4

2

1

6

18
10

2
1
2
2
1
1
2
2

1

1

i

5
ii
8
3

2
2
2
1
2
2

i
i
2
1
1
-

1

2
2

1

1

“

“

-

-

-

1

1
1

1
1

1
1
1

1

-

-

2

3

i

-

1
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
-

1
1

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

2

1

1

1

_

“

“

“

“
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

2
1

1

1

“

~

1
1

1
1

-

-

~

ESTABL ISH MEN TS HAVING NO S P E C IF IE D
MINIMUM -------------------------------------------------------------------

34

13

XXX

21

XXX

60

24

XXX

36

XXX

XXX

ESTABL ISH MEN TS WHICH DIO NOT EMPLOV
WORKERS IN T H I S CATEGORY -----------------------

121

47

XXX

74

XXX

58

23

XXX

35

XXX

XXX

See footn otes at end o f tables.




24

“

"




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production
and related workers in Atlanta, Ga.r May 1978
^ A l l >fu ll^ t im e _ jn a m J a c t u r in g _ £ r o d u c t io n _ a jn ^ r e la t e ^ w o r k e r s = _ 2 0 0 ^ £ r c e r t

W o rk e rs on late shifts

A ll w o rk ers 10
Second shift

T h ird sh ift

Second shift

ESTABLISHMENTS WITH LATE S H I F T PROVISIONS

77.3

67.0

18.6

5.9

WITH NO PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L FOR LATE S H IF T UORK
WITH PAY D IF F E R E N T IA L FOR LATE S H I F T UORK —
UNIFORM CEN TS-PER-HOUR D I F F E R E N T I A L -------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE D IF F E R E N T IA L ------------------------OTHER D I F F E R E N T I A L ---------------------------------------------------------

6.7
70.6
4 6 .8
2 3 .8

1 .7
65.3
36.0
23.8
5.4

1. 4
17.2
9 .4
7.8

.6
5 .3
4.2
1.0
.2

1 4 .9
5.5

17.9
9 .4

15.3
5.5

16.8
9.6

.1
.7

.3

T h ird shift

PERCENT OF UORKERS
IN

AVERAGE PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L
UNIFORM CENTS -PER -HOU R D I F F E R E N T I A L -------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE D I F F E R E N T I A L -----------------------------PERCENT OF UORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L
UNIFORM c e n t s - p e r - h o u r :
4 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------------------------5 CENTS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------7 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------10 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------12 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------13 AND UNDER 1* CENTS -----------------------------------------14 CENTS --------------------------------------------------------------------------15 CENTS --------------------------------------------------------------------------16 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------17 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------18 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------20 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------21 CENTS --------------------------------------------------------------------------22 CENTS --------------------------------------------------------------------------24 CENTS --------------------------------------------------------------------------25 CENTS --------------------------------------------------------------------------35 CENTS --------------------------------------------------------------------------55 CENTS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

•4
3.7
.1
1 1 .7
2.5
4.5
3.1
6.4
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.1
1 .4
~
5.4
1.7
~

UNIFORM p e r c e n t a g e :
1 PERCENT ------------------------------------------------------------------------2 PERCENT ------------------------------------------------------------------------4 PERCENT ------------------------------------------------------------------------5 PERCENT ------------------------------------------------------------------------6 PERCENT ------------------------------------------------------------------------10 PERCENT ---------------------------------------------------------------------other

d if f e r e n tia l

1.0

1.4
8 .3
1 .5
.7
7.7
.7
~
5.4
1.6
1.0
6 .0
1.7
_
1.0

1.5
17 .9
3.3

1.5
21.2

2.0
.5
1 .2
.3
1 .4
.5
.5
.5
.1
~
~
1 .1
.5

.1
.2
6.6
~
•8

1.0
(111
(1 11
.9
.4
.5
.2
.9
(in
_
(in
.9

:

FULL DAY’ S PAY FOR REDUCED HOURS
PLUS CENTS PER HOUR-------------------------------------------------------

-

See footnotes at end o f tables.

25

5.4

-

.2

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
Of fi ce w o r k e r s

P ro d uc tio n and related w o r k e r s
It e m
A l l industries

Manu fa ctu ri ng

No nm anufacturing

P u b lic utilities

A l l industries

Ma n ufa ctu ri n g

N o nm anu fa ctu r ing

P u b li c uti lities

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
---------------------------

100

too

100

100

HOURS—5 D A Y S -------------------------------------------------HOURS—6 DAYS -------------------------------------------------HOURS—6 D A Y S -------------------------------------------------1/2 HOURS—A 1/2 D A Y S -----------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS -------------------------------------------------1/2 HOURS-** 1/2 D A Y S -----------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 OAYS ---------------------------------------3/4 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 OAYS ---------------------------------------HOURS -------------------------------------------------------------------A DAYS ----------------------------------------------------------------A 1/2 OAYS ------------------------------------------------------5 OAYS ----------------------------------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS -------------------------------------------------1/2 HOUR S - 5 O A Y S ---------------------------------------HOURS-A DAYS -------------------------------------------------HOUR S - 5 O A Y S -------------------------------------------------HOURS—5 DAYS -------------------------------------------------HOURS—6 DAYS -------------------------------------------------HOURS—6 D A Y S -------------------------------------------------HOURS-6 OAYS --------------------------------------------------

3
<12*
(1 2 )

_

5
(12)
1
“

-

all

20
2*
27
29
35
35
37
38
39
AO

A2
A2
A3
AA
A5
A6
A8
55

f u l l - tim e

wo r ke rs

3
89
i
i
87
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
(1 2 )
1
2
1
1
(1 2 )

5
92
2
2
88
1
1

“
“
2
“
“
99

86

“
99
i
-

86
(12)
“
1
3
2

“
~

100
_

(12)
2
2
22
2
(12)
71
“
(12)
71
(12)
“
(12)
~

........... 100

100

100

_

_

_

~
2
3
26
2

“
9
“
AO

67

52

“
(1 2 )
1
7
“
1
90
“
1
89
i
-

67
~
( 12 )

“

“

“

(12)

~

"

~

3 9 .2

40.0

3 9 .2

39.7

“
“

1

52
“

“
“
~

AVERA6E SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES -------------------------

39.5

A0.0

See footnote at end of tables.




26

39.1

3 8 .6

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
Produ ction and re la ted w o rk ers

Office w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l industries

percent

of

Manufacturing

Nonma nu factu ring

Pu b lic utilities

M anuf actur ing

Nonmanufacturing

Pub lic utilities

100

100

100

uorkers

UORKERS ---------------------

100

IN ESTABL ISH MEN TS NOT PR OVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------IN ESTA BLI SH MEN TS PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------------

7

2

93

98

8.9

10.3

7.8

ALL F U L L - T I M E

A l l industries

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PA IO

t oo

100

100

10

-

<121

<121

<121

90

100

99

99

99

100

9.4

8.9

9.6

8.7

9. A

-

-

_

-

-

100

..........

_

HOLIDAYS

FOR UORKERS IN ES TA BLI SH ME N TS
PROVIDING HO LIDAYS ------------------------------PERCENT OF UORKERS BY NUMBER
OF PA ID HOLIDAYS PROVIDED
5 HALF OAYS ----------------------------------------------------1 HOLIDAY ----------------------------------------------------------2 HOLI DA YS --------------------------------------------------------3 HO LIDAYS -------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY -----------------------------------A HO LIDAYS --------------------------------------------------------5 HO LIDAYS --------------------------------------------------------6 HO LIDAYS --------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ------------7 HOLI DA YS -------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ------------8 H OL IDA YS --------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 OR MORE HALF DAYS ------------9 HOLID AYS --------------------------------------------------------10 HOLID AYS -----------------------------------------------------11 HOLIOA YS -----------------------------------------------------12 HOL1OAYS -----------------------------------------------------14 H O L I D A Y S -----------------------------------------------------15 HOLIOA YS -----------------------------------------------------19 HOLIOA YS ----------------------------------------------------

1
2
i
i
2
8
8
<121
IA
1
5
i
17
15
6
2

-

-

3
9
9
i
ii
< 121
3
18
9
12
5

i
3
2

<12»
“
“
3

2
1
7
7
“
17
1
7
2
17
19
2
<121

1
1
6
-

30
58
2
“

-

-

<121
8

18

<121
2

93
91
90
89
88
87
79
71
71
57
56
50
49
32
16
11
8
8
8

9B
98
98
98
98
95
86
77
77
66
66
62
62
44
35
23
18
18
18

90
87
85
84
82
81
7A
67
67
50
50
A2
AO
23
4
2
2
2
2

<121
<121
3
7
<121
18
2
10
3
16
24
6
8
i
i

-

<121
8
6
-

7
2
4
-

19
15
8
26
5
-

_
-

<121
(121
2
7
1
20
2
11
4
15
26
6
A
1
1

_
-

3
-

1
8
_

26
61
1
-

PERCENT OF UORKERS BY TO TA L
PA ID HOLIDAY TIME PROVIDED*3
1
1 DAY OR MORE ------------------------------------------------2 OAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------------2 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------3 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------A OAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------------5 OAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------------6 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------------6 1/2 OAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------7 OAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------------7 1/2 OAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------8 OAYS OR M O R E ---------------------------------------------8 1/2 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------------10 OAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------11 OAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------12 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------1A OAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------15 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------------19 DAYS ----------------------------------------------------------------

100
99
99
99
99
99
99
97
97
96
96
89
89
59
2
“
“

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




27

99
99
99
99
99
99
96
90
89
71
69
60
59
A1
17
10
2
1
“

99
99
99
99
99
99
92
85
85
78
76
72
72
53
39
31
5
-

“

99
99
99
99
99
99
97
91
90
70
68
57
56
38
12
6
2
1
”

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
97
97
97
96
88
88
61
1
_

-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
Office w o r k e r s

P r o d u c ti o n and related w o r k e r s
It e m

A l l industries

M an ufa ctu ri ng

Nonma nu fa ctu ring

M an ufa ctu ri ng

Nonma nu fa ctu ring

Pu b lic utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

3

1

5

-

<12*

<121

-

A l l industries

P u b lic utili ti es

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL F U L L - T I M E

WORKERS ----------------

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS -----------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS -----------------------------------L E N G T H - O F - T I H E PAYMENT ------------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT -----------------------OTHER PAYMENT ------------------------------------

100

-

97
86
9
i

99
81
18

95
89
3
2

100
98
2

99
99
<12*

99
99
<12*

100
99
1

100
98
2

8
35
<12 )
~

12
35
1
“

6
35

4
59

8
55
1
2

5
AO
~
5

9
58
1
2

5
61

1
44
4
46

1
48
4
A5

2
A1
5
A7

2
17
2
80

1

2

<12*

-

<12*
15
<121
83
<121
2

i
18
4
70
2
1

1
27
6
6A
2

1
12
3
73
3
1

-

.

_

_

5
2
88

2
< 12 1
92
3
2

3
2
93
1

1
6
3
73
12
2

_

_

_

12
A
59
21
3

-

-

2
2
90
~
1
4
i

1
< 12 *
89
6
i
<12*
2

_

_

i
2
87
2
A
4
i

1
<121
88
6
3
< 12 )
2

AMOUNT OF PA 10 VACATION A F T E R : 14

f. MONTHS OF S E R V IC E :
UNDER 1 WEEK ----------------------------1 WEEK -------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------------------1 YEAR OF S E R V IC E :
UNDER 1 WEEK ---------------------------1 WEEK -------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------2 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
UNDER 1 WEEK ---------------------------1 WEEK -------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 W E E K S --------------------------- ------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------3 YEARS OF S E R VI CE :
UNOER 1 WEEK ----------------------------1 WEEK -------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER A WEEKS
A WEEKS ----------------------------------------A YEARS OF S ER V IC E:
UNDER l WEEK ----------------------------1 WEEK -------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER A WEEKS
A WEEKS -----------------------------------------

_

<121

_

~

2
12
12
7A

3
6
8A
7

2
86
12

”

-

-

~

~

<12*

-

<121

See footn otes at end o f tables.




1
1
89
5
1
1
1

-

~
2
86
12

9
4
56
22
8

3
1
92
2
3

-

1
2
2
82
7
1
~
<12*
1
2
2
82
7
1

1
5
3
71
13
4

<12*
15
<12*
82
<12*
2

28

1
1
88
5
3
1
1

_
18
-

77
5

5

“

2
97
2
~

_
2
97
2

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978— Continued
P r od uc tio n and related w o r k e r s

Office w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l industries

Manufacturing

Nonma nu factu ring

Pu b lic utilities

A l l industries

Manu factu ring

Nonma nu factu ring

Pub lic utilities

AMOUNT OF PAID VAC ATION AF TE R1 4CONTINUEO
5 YEARS OF SE RVI CE !
UNOER 1 WEEK ---------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------4 WEEKS -------------------------------10

12

15

1
2
3
53
6
32
<121

YEARS OF SER VI C E:
UNOER 1 WEEK ---------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNOER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS -------------------------------5 WEEKS -------------------------------6 WEEKS --------------------------------

1
1
3
IT
1
60
12
1
1

YEARS OF SER VI C E:
UNOER 1 WEEK ---------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS -------------------------------5 WEEKS -------------------------------6 WEEKS --------------------------------

1
1
3
16
(12 )
53
12
10
1

YEARS OF SE RV IC E!
UNOER 1 WEEK ---------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNOER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 4 ANO UNOER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS -------------------------------6 WEEKS --------------------------------

1
1
2
13
(12 I
29
2
45
2
1

4
3
52
6
35
“

_
3
1
19
2
51
21
1
~

_
3
1
18
1
45
23
8
-

3
1
13
1
28
4
48
1

1
(12)
4
53
7
30
(12)

~

2
41
15
42

YEARS OF S E R VI C E !
UNOER 1 WEEK ---------------------1 WEEK ---------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNOER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS -------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNOER 6 WEEKS
6 WEEKS --------------------------------

1
1
2
14
(12)
20
1
34
2
21
1

_
3
“

14
20
1
35
3
22
1

2
3
“
83
12
1

66
5
1
1

(1 2 )
1
55
15
28
2

(12)
1
7
(12)
80
(12)
9
i
(12)

(12)

(1 2 )
1
6
(1 2 )
80
( 12 )
11
2
(1 2 )

(12)
1
6
(12)
60
11
20
1
(12)

(1 2 )

(12)
1
6
(12)
36
3
52
(12)
2
(12)

(1 2 )

-

2
67
4
28

-

14
(12)
80
1
4
i
“

_

2
2
-

93
2
1
-

_

1
(12>
4
15

2

50
12
37

58
5
11
1

“

1
(12)
3
13
(12)
29
1
43
3
1

-

14
(12)
50
3

32
1

(12 )
1
5
( 12 )
62
13
17
2
(1 2 )

-

2
23
2
63
10
1

_

1
(12)
3
13
(12)
20
1
33
2
20
2

2
4
3
42
6
37
6

-

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




(1 2 )
2
82
2
8
5

_

1
(12)
4
16

"
20

(12)
1
60
13
24
2

29

-

2
-

73
2
23
~

-

_

(1 2 )
1
6
(12)
12
(12)
71
(12)
10
(12)
(121

-

11
(12)
27
2
58
-

1

(1 2 )
1
5
(1 2)
38
3
51
(1 2)
2
(12)

_

2
38
-

57
2
1
“

_
( 12)
-

11
~

13
(1 2 )
68
(1 2 )
7
“

(1 2 )
1
5
(1 2)
11
(1 2)
72

-

2
3
2
69
-

11
(1 2 )
(1 2 )

22
2
-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978— Continued
Office w o r k e r s

P ro d u c ti o n and rel ated w o r k e r s
It e m
A l l industries

Ma nu fa ctu ri ng

Nonm anu fa ctu ring

Pub lic utilities

A l l industries

M an ufa ctu ri ng

No nm anu fa ctu rin g

P u b li c uti lities

AMOUNT OF PA ID VACATION AFTER14 CONTINUED
25 TEARS OF S E R V IC E :
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------------------------------I WEEK -----------------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -------------2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS -------------3 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER 4 WEEKS -------------4 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -------------5 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------------OVER 5 ANO UNDER 6 WEEKS -------------6 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------------30 YEARS OF S E R V IC E : *
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------------------------------1 WEEK -----------------------------------------------------------OVER I AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -------------2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -------------3 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER 4 WEEKS -------------4 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -------------5 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -------------6 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------------OVER 6 AND UNOER 7 WEEKS -------------*

1
1
2
13
1
19
1
23
1
26
3
6

30
4
-

1
1
2
13
1
19
1
22
1
27

3
13
1
19
27
31

3
-

13
1
19
1
28
-

2

8
(1 2 )

2
2

1

1
(12>
3
13
(12)
18
i
20
2
24
2
11

-

2
4
3
15
6
30
6
35

1
(12)
3
13
(12)
18
1
18

2
4
3
8
6
37
6
35

2

25
2

12
~

-

29
(12)
5

(12)
1
6
(12)
11
(12)
45
28

(1 2 )
11
13
(1 2 )
51
23
(1 2 )
1

( 12 )
11
13
51

9

E stim ates o f p ro vis io n s fo r lo n g er p eriod s o f s e r v ic e are iden tical.

30

( 12 )
1
5
( 12 >
10
( 12)
47
30
(1 2 )
6

(1 2 )
1
5
( 12 )
10
(1 2 )
44
-

21

29
(1 2 )

3

10
“

(12)
~

See footn otes at end o f tables.




(1 2 )
1
6
(1 2 )
11
(12)
48

-

-

2
3
2
28
_
42
2
22

_
_
_
2
3
2
12
58
2
22

“

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
P rod uc tio n and related w o r k e r s

Office w o r k e r s

It e m
A l l industries

M anuf actu ring

No nm anufacturing

P u b lic utilities

A l l industries

Manu factu ring

Nonmanufacturing

Pub lic utilities

PERCENT OF WORKERS
WORKERS ----------------

100

IDO

100

100

100

100

100

100

IN ES TA BLI SH MEN TS PROVIDING AT
LEAST ONE OF THE B E N E F I T S
SHOWN BELOW15--------------------------------------------

95

99

93

100

99

99

99

100

L I F E INSURANCE -----------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------------

92
62

98
73

89
54

100
87

99
78

99
80

99
78

100
84

AC CI DE N TA L DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE --------------NONCONTRIRUTORY PLANS ------------------

72
49

86
70

63
36

61
49

78
56

84
67

76
54

73
59

SICKN ESS AND ACC ID EN T INSURANCE
OR S IC K LEAVE OR BOTH 16------------------

70

78

64

97

82

82

82

99

50
41

68
57

38
31

70
60

36
28

51
41

33
25

49
36

23

13

30

46

59

67

57

53

15

8

19

37

17

6

19

42

L0 N6 -T ER M D I S A B I L I T Y
INSURANCE ---------------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------------

32
29

25
24

37
32

62
62

57
37

32
21

63
40

64
64

H O S P I T A L I Z A T I O N INSURANCE ------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------------

94
59

98
71

92
51

100
90

99
61

99
67

99
60

100
87

SURGICAL INSURANCE ------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------------

94
59

98
71

92
51

100
90

99
61

99
67

99
60

100
87

MEDICAL INSURANCE ------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS

85
56

90
67

82
48

100
90

95
60

93
63

95
59

100
87

MAJOR MEOICAL INSURANCE NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -

82
47

74
48

88
46

100
89

98
59

95
60

99
58

100
85

OENTAL INSURANCE -------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -

38
33

41
37

36
30

84
77

34
28

48
40

31
26

81
68

RET IRE ME NT PENSION --------------NONCONTRIRUTORY PLANS -

71
64

80
77

65
56

92
85

87
77

87
82

87
75

86
81

ALL F U L L - T I M E

SIC KN ES S AND ACCI DEN T
INSURANCE ----------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------S ICK LEAVE ( F U L L PAY ANO NO
WA ITI N G P E R IO D ) ------------------------------S IC K LEAVE ( P A R T I A L PAY OR
WA ITI N G P ER IO D ) -------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P rod u ctio n and re lated w o rk ers
Manufacturing

A l l industries

M anufacturing

A ll in du stries

Item
A ll
plans 1
7

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

27

52

Noncontribu tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

35

26

N o n con trib u to ry
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE

ALL F U L L - T I M E WORKERS ARE PROVIDED THE SAME
FL A T - S U K DOLLAR AMOUNT:
PERCENT OF ALL F U L L - T I M E WORKERS18------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE P R O V I D E D : 1
9
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 P ER CE NT ) ---------MIDDLE RANGE <80 P ER CE NT ) ----------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASEO ON A SCHEOULE
WHICH I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A S P E C IF IE D LENGTH OF S E R V IC E :
PERCENT OF ALL F U L L - T I M E WORKERS18-------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PR OV IO EO 19A F T E R :
6 MONTHS OF S E R V IC E :
m e a n ----------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -----------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 P ER CEN T) ----------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 P ER CEN T) ----------------I YEAR OF s e r v i c e :
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -----------------------------------------------------------------MIODLE RANGE <50 P ER CE NT ) ----------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 P ER CE NT ) -----------------5 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ------------------------------------------------------------------MIODLE RANGE <50 P ER CEN T) -----------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 P ER CEN T) -----------------io yea r s of s f r v i c e :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ------------------------------------------------------------------MIODLE RANGE <50 P ER CE NT ) -----------------KIDDLE RANGE <80 P ER CE NT ) -----------------20 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ------------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 P ER CEN T) -----------------KIDDLE RANGE <80 P ER CEN T) ------------------

44

* 6 .6 0 0
* 6 .0 0 0
* 3 .0 0 0 - 9.000
* 2 .0 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0

*6.800
*6.000
* 3 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 2 .0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

* 5 .3 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0
* 3 .0 0 0 - 8.000
* 2 .0 0 0 - 9.000

* 5 .6 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0
* 2 . 0 0 0 - 7 .0 0 0
* 2.000-10.000

23
*5.500
* 5.000
* 2 .0 0 0 - 6.000
* 2 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

36
*5.100
*5.000
* 2 ,0 0 0 - 7 .500
* 1 .0 0 0 - 9 .000

32
*4.600
*5.000
* 1 ,0 0 0 - 6.000
* 1 .0 0 0 - 7 .500

26

7

7

5

5

26

*4.900
<6 )
<61
<6 )

<6 )
<6 )
<6 )
( 6•

<6 )
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

<6 )
<61
<6 )
<6 )

<61
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

<6 )
<6 )
<6 )
(6 >

<6
<6
<6
<6

* 4 .2 0 0
* 3 .0 0 0
* 2 .0 0 0 - 7.500
* 1 .0 0 0 - 7 .500

*5.100
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

(6

>
<6 )
<6 »
<6 )

<6 )
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

* 6. 8 00
<6 >
<6 )
<6 >

*6.800
<6 )
<A)
<6 )

(6 »
<6 )
(6 >
<6 )

<6 »
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

*9.500
* 1 5 .0 0 0
* 5.0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0
* 1 .0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0

* 1 1 .4 0 0
<6 )
<6 )
<6 1

<6 >
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

<6 )
<6 )
f6 »
<6 )

* 1 4 .7 0 0
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

*14,800
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

<6 )
<6 )
(6 >
(6 )

<6 >
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

* 1 0 .1 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0
* 5.0 0 0 -1 5 .0 0 0
* 2 .0 00 -2 0.0 00

* 1 2 .2 0 0
<6 )
<6 )

<6 )
<6 >
(6 >
<6 >

<6 )
<6 )
<6 >
<6 >

* 1 5 .3 0 0
<61
<6 >
<6 1

*15.400
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

(6 >
C6 *
<6 )
<6 )

<6 >
<6 >
<6 >
<6 )

* 1 4 .6 0 0
<6 )
<6 )
<6>

*14.600
<6>
<6 )
<61

<6 )
<6 )
<6 )
<61

<6 )
<6 >
<6 )
C6 »

<6 )
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

<6>
<6>
<6 )
<6 )

<6)
<61
(6 >
<6 >

<6 )
<6 )
<6 >
<6 )

5

*4*900
<6 )
<6 >
<61

4

( 6 )

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




* 4. 9 00
* 5. 0 00
* 2 .0 0 0 - 7.500
* 2 . 0 0 0 - 9 .0 0 0

32

)
)
>
>

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Atlanta, Ga., May 1978— Continued
O ffic e w o rk ers

Prod u ctio n and related w o rk ers
Manufacturing

A l l industries

Manufacturing

A ll industries

Ite m
A ll
plans 1
7

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

17

34

29

31

N on con tribu tory
plans 1
7

A ll
plans 1
7

Noncontributory
plans 1
7

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INS URA N CE -C ON TIN U ED

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON A SCHEOULE
UHICH I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE f o r a s p e c i f i e d a m o u n t o f e a r n i n g s :
PERCENT OF ALL F U L L - T I M E WORKERS18-----------------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PRO VIDEO 19 I F :
ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 5 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MIODLE RANGE <50 P ER C EN T ) --------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 P ER CE NT ) --------------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 1 0 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MIODLE RANGE <50 P ER CE N T ) --------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 P ER CE N T ) --------------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 1 5 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 P ER CE NT ) --------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 P ER CE NT ) --------------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 2 0 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N --------------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 P ER CE NT ) --------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 P ER CE N T ) ---------------------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S EXPRESSED AS A FACTOR OF
ANNUAL E A R N I N G S : 2
0
PERCENT OF AL L F U L L - T I M E WORKERS18-----------------------FACTOR OF ANNUAL EARNINGS USED TO CALCULATE
a m o u n t o f i n s u r a n c e : 19 2
0
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 P ER C EN T ) ---------------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 P ER C EN T ) ---------------------PERCENT OF ALL F U L L - T I M E WORKERS COWERED BY
PLANS NOT S P E C IF Y I N G A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE --------------------------------------------------------------------------------PERCENT OF ALL F U L L - T I M E WORKERS COWERED BY
PLANS S P E C IF Y I N G A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE --------------------------------------------------------------------------------S P E C I F I E D MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF IN S U R A N C E :19
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ----------------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 P ER CE N T ) --------------------MIDDLE RANGE <80 P ER CE N T ) ---------------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON SOME OTHER TYPE
OF p l a n :
PERCENT OF ALL F U L L - T I M E WORKERS 18-----------------------

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




24

21

21

11

* 9 .3 0 0
* 1 0 .0 0 0
* 5.0 00 -1 1.0 00
*3.0 00 -1 2.5 00

*9.900
* 1 1 .0 0 0
* 7.0 0 0 -1 1 .3 0 0
* 4 .0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

*9.800
*11.000
* 10 .00 0-11 .00 0
* 4.0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

* 9 .9 0 0
* 1 1 .0 0 0
*10 .00 0-11 .00 0
* 4.0 00 -1 2.5 00

* 8 .2 0 0
* 8 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 00 -1 0.0 00
* 5.0 0 0 -1 3 .0 0 0

* 7 .9 0 0
*6.000
* 5.0 03 -1 0.0 00
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 3 .0 0 0

* 7 .2 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0
*5.0 00 -1 0.0 00
*4.0 00 -1 1.5 00

* 7 « 100
* 5 .0 0 0
* 5.000-10.000
* 2.000-11.500

* 1 3 .3 0 0
* 1 1 .5 0 0
*10.000-15.000
* 5.0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

* 1 2 .9 0 0
* 1 1 .5 0 0
* 11 .0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0
* 5.0 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0

*11.700
* 1 1 .5 0 0
* 11 .00 0-12 .50 0
* 5.0 00 -1 8.0 00

* 1 1 .5 0 0
* 1 1 .5 0 0
* 11 .000-12.500
* 5.0 00 -1 5.0 00

* 1 5 .9 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0
* 10.0 00 -2 0,0 00
*10 .00 0-23 .00 0

*14 *400
* 1 2 .5 0 0
* 10 .0 0 0 -1 9 ,2 0 0
* 10 .0 0 0 -2 3 .0 0 0

* 1 3 .8 0 0
* 1 2 .0 0 0
*10 .00 0-20 .00 0
*8.0 00 -2 0.0 00

* 1 4 ,4 0 0
* 2 0 .0 0 0
* 10 .000-20.000
* 4 .0 00 -2 0.5 00

518 * 900
* 1 6 .5 0 0
* 15 .000-25.000
* 9.0 00 -3 3.0 00

*17.600
* 1 6 .5 0 0
* 12 .0 0 0 -1 6 .5 0 0
* 10 .00 0-30 .00 0

* 1 6 .9 0 0
* 1 6 .5 0 0
* 16 .50 0-16 .50 0
* 9.0 00 -3 0.0 00

* 1 6 .1 0 0
* 1 6 .5 0 0
*12 .00 0-16 .50 0
* 9.0 00 -2 5,0 00

* 2 4 .1 0 0
* 2 2 .5 0 0
* 15 .0 0 0 -3 1 .2 0 0
* 1 0 • 0 00 -3 5 * 000

* 2 0 ,4 0 0
* 1 7 .0 0 0
* 15 .0 0 0 -2 5 .0 0 0
* 10 .0 0 0 -3 3 .0 0 0

* 2 0 .7 0 0
* 2 0 .0 0 0
*15 .00 0-25 .00 0
*15 .00 0-30 .00 0

* 2 0 .2 0 0
* 2 0 .0 0 0
*15.000-30.0001
* 4 .0 00 -3 0.0 00

*24 * 700
* 2 2 .0 0 0
*20.000-35.000
$ 10 v 0 0 0 - 42*000

*22.500
* 2 2 .0 0 0
* 20 .000-22.000
* 10 .0 0 0 -4 0 .0 0 0

*22.500
* 2 2 .0 0 0
* 20 .00 0-22 .00 0
* 9 .0 00 -3 6.0 00

* 2 0 .9 0 0
* 2 2 .0 0 0
* 20 .000-22.000
* 9.0 00 -3 3.0 00

* 3 1 .6 0 0
* 3 0 .0 0 0
* 20 .00 0-42 .00 0
* 10 .00 0-45 .00 0

* 2 6 .4 0 0
* 2 1 .0 0 0
*20 .00 0-35 .00 0
* 10 .0 0 0 -4 3 .0 0 0

* 2 8 .3 0 0
* 2 2 .5 0 0
* 20 .000-36.000
*17*000-40.000

* 2 6 .6 0 0
* 2 0 .0 0 0
*20* 0 0 0 - 4 0 . 0 0 0
* 10 .00 0-40 .00 0

12
1 .1 3

1.00
1. 0 0 - 1 . 0 0
1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0

1.02
1.00
1. 0 0 - 1 . 0 0
1. 0 0 - 1 . 0 0

9

1.22
1.00
1. 0 0 - 1 . 0 0
1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0

6

2

1

* 1 7 2. 7 00
* 1 0 0. 0 00
*50.000-100.000
* 50.000-550.000

7

<6 )
<6>

5

2

6

7

< )
6
< )
6
< )
6
< )
6
2

4

1
(6 >
<6 >
(6 *
16

-

-

>

-

30

1 .63
1.50

1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0
1 .0 0 -3 .0 0

20
10
* 1 3 1 .4 0 0
* 1 0 0 .0 0 0
* 50 .0 0 0 -2 0 0 .0 0 0
*10 .00 0-20 0.0 00

7

24
1.59
1 .5 0

1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0
1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0

15
1 .7 4

2.00
1 .3 0 -2 .0 0
1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0

11
1. 73

2.00
1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0
1. 0 0 - 2 . 0 0

14

9

8

9

6

4

* 1 1 3 .2 0 3
* 2 8 4 .8 0 0
* 5 0 .0 0 0
* 1 0 0 .0 0 0
* 5 0 .00 0-20 0.0 00 * 1 0 0 .0 00 -5 50 .00 0
* 40 .00 0-55 0.0 00
* 10 .00 0-20 0.0 00

4

< 12 >

< )
6
< )
6
< )
6
< )
6

<12 )

Footnotes

So m e o f th es e stan da rd foo tn o te s m a y not ap ply to this b u ll e tin .

1 Includes pay ments o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e
4
o f annual e arn in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t t i m e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s was c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay. P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e cho sen a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
in d iv id u al p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , changes in p r o p o r t i o n s
at 10 y e a r s include changes b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a ­
t i v e . T h u s , the p r o p o r tio n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p ay a f t e r 10 y e a r s
includes th ose e l i g i b l e f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p ay a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
1 E s t i m a t e s li s t e d a f t e r typ e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a ll plans f o r w h ich
5
at l e a s t a p art o f the cost is b o r n e by the e m p l o y e r .
"N on con trib u tory
p l a n s " include only th ose finan ced e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e
l e g a l l y req ui red p l a n s , such as w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1 Unduplic at ed tota l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and
6
ac c id en t insuran ce shown s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to
th ose w h ic h d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' pay
that e ach e m p l o y e e can e xp e c t. I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d
on an ind iv id u al b as is a r e excluded.
17 E s t i m a t e s under " A l l p l a n s " r e l a t e to all plans f o r w h ich at le a s t
a p art o f the cost is borne by the e m p l o y e r .
E s t i m a t e s under " N o n c o n t r i b ­
u to ry p l a n s " include only those fin an c ed e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r .
1 F o r " A l l i n d u s t r i e s , " all f u l l - t i m e p ro d u c tio n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
8
o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s equal 100 p e r c e n t .
F o r " M a n u f a c t u r i n g , " all f u l l - t i m e
p ro d u c tio n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu rin g equal 100
percent.
1 T h e m ean amount is c om pute d by m u l t i p l y i n g the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
9
p r o v i d e d insurance by the amount o f in s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d , t o ta l i n g the p r o d ­
ucts , and div id in g the sum by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n in d ic a te s
that h a lf o f the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount eq u a l to o r s m a l l e r and h a lf
an amount equal to o r l a r g e r than the amount shown. M i d d l e range (50 p e r ­
c ent)— a fo u r th of the w o r k e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount eq u a l to o r l e s s than
the s m a l l e r amount and a fou rth a r e p r o v i d e d an amount e q u a l to o r m o r e
than the l a r g e r amount. M id d le range (80 p e r c e n t ) — 10 p e r c e n t o f the w o r k ­
e r s a r e p r o v i d e d an amount equal to o r l e s s than the s m a l l e r amount and 10
p e r c e n t a r e p r o v i d e d an amount e qu al to o r m o r e than the l a r g e r amount.
20 A f a c t o r o f annual e a r n in g s is the n u m b e r by w h ic h annual e a r n i n g s
a r e m u l t i p l i e d to d e te r m in e the amount o f in s u r a n c e p r o v i d e d . F o r e x a m p l e ,
a f a c t o r o f 2 ind ic ate s that f o r annual e a r n i n g s o f $ 10,000 the amount o f
i n s u r a n ce p r o v i d e d is $ 20, 000.

1 Standard hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p ay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g ­
u la r and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to th es e w e e k l y
hours.
2 T h e m e a n is c om p u te d f o r e ach job by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f
all w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s i g ­
nates p os itio n — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e the s a m e o r m o r e and h a lf r e ­
c e i v e the s a m e o r l e s s than the r ate shown. T h e m i d d l e range is defin ed
by tw o r ate s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n the s am e o r l e s s than
the l o w e r o f th e s e ra te s and a fou rth e a r n the s a m e o r m o r e than the
h ig h e r ra te .
3 E a r n i n g s data r e l a t e on ly to w o r k e r s w h os e s e x id e n t i f i c a t i o n was
p r o v i d e d b y the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te shifts .
5 E s t i m a t e s f o r p e r i o d s ending p r i o r to 1976 r e l a t e to m en on ly f o r
s k i l l e d m ain te n an c e and u n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s .
A l l other estim a tes r e ­
l a t e to m en and w o m e n .
6 Data do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a o r data not a v a i l a b l e .
7 F o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ir in g s a l ­
a r i e s that a r e paid f o r stan da rd w o r k w e e k s .
8 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
9 Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r all stan da rd w o r k w e e k s c om b in e d , and f o r
the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n dard w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
1 In clu d es a l l p ro d u c tio n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
0
c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g late s h if ts , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r late s h ifts , e v e n though the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y
o p e r a tin g la te shifts .
1 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
1
1 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
2
1 A l l c om b in atio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the s a m e amount;
3
f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
r e c e i v i n g a to ta l o f 10 days
inclu des th ose w ith 10 f u ll days and no ha lf d ay s, 9 f u ll days and 2
h a lf d a y s, 8 fu ll days and 4 ha lf d ay s, and so on.
P r o p o r t i o n s then
w e r e cum ulate d.




34

Appendix A .
Scope and Method
of Survey

In e a c h o f the 75 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , the B u re a u obtains
w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i ts data f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s with in
s i x b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r ta t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
and o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e tr a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
G o v e r n m e n t op e ratio n s and the c o n stru c tio n
and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s a r e e x clu d ed . E s ta b lis h m en ts ha vin g f e w e r than a
p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e also exc lu d e d b e c a u s e o f in s u f f i c i e n t
e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s studied. A p p e nd ix table 1 shows the n u m b e r
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s e s t i m a t e d to be within the s c o p e o f this
s u r v e y , as w e l l as the n u m b e r ac tu a lly studied.
B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s obtain data by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s at 3 - y e a r
i n t e r v a l s . In e a c h o f the tw o in t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a ti o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s o n ly is c o l l e c t e d by a com b in atio n o f p e r s o n a l
v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and telep hon e i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

A s a m p l e o f the e s t a b lis h m e n ts in the scope o f the s u r v e y is
s e l e c t e d f o r study p r i o r to e a c h p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
This sam ple, le s s
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h go out o f b u s in e s s o r a r e no l o n g e r w ith in the in d u s t r i a l
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , is r e t a i n e d f o r the f o l l o w i n g tw o annual s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b l i s h m e n t s n e w to the a r e a a r e not c o n s i d e r e d in the scop e
o f th e s u r v e y un til the s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p le f o r a p e r s o n a l v i s i t s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p l i n g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d etail ed s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f an in d iv id u al a r e a s u r v e y by in d u s tr y
and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y
s a m p l e is s e l e c t e d , w i t h e a c h e s ta b lis h m e n t having a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance
o f selection.
T o obta in o p ti m u m a c c u r a c y at m in i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e l e c t e d .
When data a r e
c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f
s e l e c t i o n so that u n bia se d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e ra t e d .
F o r e x a m p l e , i f one
out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a w e ig h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lte r n a t e o f the s am e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is
chosen in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e
f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
I f no suitab le substitute is a v a i l a b l e ,
ad d itio n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the
m i s s i n g unit.
1
Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; N o rfolk —V irginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N .C. ;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; and U tica—Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more
lim ited area studies in approxim ately 100 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of
die U. S. Department o f Labor.




O ccup ation s and e a r n in g s
Occupations s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu r in g and nonm anu fa cturin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the fo l l o w i n g ty pes: (1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ; (3) m ain te n an c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s tod ia l.
O ccupation al
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i fo r m set o f job d e s c r i p t i o n s d e sig n e d to take
account o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties w ith in the s am e job .
O ccupation s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in appendix B.
U n le s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g the job t itle s
a r e f o r all i n d u s tr ie s c om b ined . E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the occupations
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s within the scope o f the
s u r v e y , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e ca u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y ­
m en t in the oc c u p atio n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n ­
tation , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f ind iv id u al e s ta b lis h m en t
data. S e p a r a te m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n in g s data a r e not p r e s e n t e d when the
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not i d e n t i f i e d by sex is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en
o r w o m e n i d e n t i f i e d in an occupation.
E a r n in g s data not shown s e p a r a t e l y
f o r in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in data f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s com bined.
L i k e w i s e , f o r occup ations w ith m o r e than one l e v e l , data a r e included in
the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n wh en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is not shown o r i n fo rm a tio n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p ation al e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th os e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule.
Earnin gs
data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid ays ,
and late shif ts .
N onp rod u c tio n bon us es a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and in c e n t i v e bon uses a r e included.
W e e k l y hours f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o ccup atio ns r e f e r to the standard
w o r k w e e k (roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p ay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
an d/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r th es e occupations
a r e roun ded to the n e a r e s t ha lf d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l l in e s with in the distrib ution
o f w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s i n d ic a te a change in the s i z e o f the c lass
in te rv a ls .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f oc c u p a tio n a l e arn in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l oc c u p atio n al a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e chan ges.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in dividual
jo b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y changes in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a tte r n s . F o r exam ple,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change,
o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y advance to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a te s .
Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an
are
o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e
w a g e s during the y e a r . Changes in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s, shown in
ta b le A - 7, a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s changes f o r
i n d iv id u a l jo b s with in the g ro u p s.

A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s tr ie s
and e s t a b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and thus con tr ib ute
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am on g jo b s in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e pay l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o ccup atio ns
should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p ay o f the s e x e s w it h in
ind ivid ual e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y con trib ute t o d i f f e r e n c e s
include p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r ate r a n g e s
(on ly the r a te s p aid
incumbents a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties w it h in the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
in th ese s u r v e y s usuall y a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th o s e used in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in
s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a l l e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r ac tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B ec au se oc c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s am on g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f
oc c u p atio n al e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m the s a m p le o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s studied
s e r v e on ly to i n d ic a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s data.

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g 2
C o m p u te r s y s te m s
a n alysts, c l a s s e s
A , B, and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
In d u s tr ia l nu rses
R e g i s t e r e d in d u s tr ia l
nu rs e s
S k ille d m ainte n ance
C arpenters
E lectrician s
P e r c e n t changes f o r indivic
as f o l l o w s :

S k i l l e d m a i n te n a n c e —
Continued
P ain ters
M ach in ists
M ech anics (m ach in ery)
M ech an ics (m oto r v e h ic le )
P ip efitters
T o o l and die m a k e r s
U n s k i l l e d plant
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c l e a n e rs
M a t e r i a l ha ndling l a b o r e r s
a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e

c om p ute d

1.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c o m p u te d f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r i v e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th ose e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich a r e in the
s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p l o y m e n t
rem a in s unchanged.

2.

Eac h occupation is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on its
p r o p o r tio n a te e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a ti o n a l g ro u p in
the b as e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e used to c om p u te g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E ach oc c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s (c o m p u te d in s te p 1)
is m u l t i p l i e d by its w e i g h t .
T h e p ro d u c ts a r e t o t a l e d
to obtain a group a v e r a g e .

4.

The ra tio o f group a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
com puted by d iv idin g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r
by the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The result—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t— l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro ups
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b l e A - 7 a r e b a s e d on changes
in a v e r a g e ho u r ly e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r e p o r t i n g
the tr e n d jo b s in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s ta b lis h m e n ts ).
T h e data a r e adju ste d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t on a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f e m p l o y ­
men t shifts am ong e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s inclu d ed
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y
a f f e c t an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an oc c u p atio n when w o r k e r s a r e p aid
under plans p r o v i d i n g a range o f w a g e ra te s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s . In p e r i o d s
o f i n c r e a s e d h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , ne w e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r at the b o tt o m
o f the r a n g e , d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e with out a change in w a g e r a te s .

T h e p e r c e n t changes r e l a t e to w a g e changes b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d
dates. W hen the t i m e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r than 12 m on th s , annual
rate s a r e shown.
(It is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant rate
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . )

F o r a m o r e d e ta ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m e t h o d used to com pute
th e s e w a g e t r e n d s , s ee " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M on th ly
L a b o r R e v i e w , January 1973, pp. 5 2-57.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s

Occupations used to com pute w a g e t r e n d s ar e :
O ffic e c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — Continued

Secretaries
S t e n o g ra p h e r, gen eral
Sten ograph ers, sen ior
T y p is ts , classes
A and B
F ile cle rk s , cla sses A,
B , and C
M essengers
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

O r d e r cle rk s , classes
A and B
A c c o u n tin g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ookkeepin g-m achin e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll clerks
K ey entry o p erators,
c l a s s e s A and B




T h e in cid ence o f s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is studied f o r f u l l - t i m e p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s and
office w o rk ers.
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s ( r e f e r r e d to h e r e a f t e r as
p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s ) include w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and a l l non s u p e r v i s o r y
w orkers
(including group l e a d e r s and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in f a b r i c a t i n g ,
p r o c e s s i n g , a s s e m b l i n g , i n s p e c tio n , r e c e i v i n g , s t o r a g e , ha ndlin g, p a c k ­
ing, w a r e h o u s in g , shipping, m a in te n a n c e , r e p a i r , j a n i t o r i a l and g u a r d s e r ­
v i c e s , p ro duct d e v e l o p m e n t, a u x i l i a r y p r o d u c t i o n f o r p l a n t 's o w n
use
( e . g . , p o w e r p l a n t) , and r e c o r d k e e p i n g and o t h e r s e r v i c e s c l o s e l y a s s o c i ­
ated w i t h the above p ro d u c tion o p e r a t i o n s .
( C a f e t e r i a and route w o r k e r s
2
The earnings o f computer operators are not included in the w a ge trend computation ior this group.
A revised jo b description is being introduced in this survey which is not equivalent to the previous description.

a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u f a c tu r in g in d u s tr ie s but included in nonm anu fa cturing
in d u stries.)
In fin a n c e and in s u r a n c e , no w o r k e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d to be
p ro d u c tio n w o r k e r s . O f f i c e w o r k e r s include w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s and all nons u p ervisory w o rk e rs
(in c lu d in g le ad w o r k e r s and t r a i n e e s ) p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d o f f i c e functions in such d e pa rtm e n ts as accou nting,
a d v e r t i s i n g , p u r c h a s i n g , c o l l e c t i o n , c r e d i t , finan ce, l e g a l , p a y r o l l , p e r s o n n e l ,
s a l e s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , pub li c r e l a t i o n s , e x e c u t i v e , o r tr a n s p o r ta t i o n .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and p a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s as w e l l
as c o n s t r u c tio n w o r k e r s u t i l i z e d as s e p a ra t e w o r k f o r c e s a r e e xc lu d e d f r o m
both the p ro d u c tio n and o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r i e s .
M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s (table B - l ) . Ivlinimum e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e o n ly to the e s ta b lis h m en ts v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the
o p t i m u m s a m p lin g te c h n iq u e s used and the p r o b a b ility that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s ta b lis h m en ts to have f o r m a l e n tran ce
r a t e s above the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the tab le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
(T h e " X ' s " shown under s ta n dard
w e e k l y ho urs in d i c a te that no m e a n in g fu l tota ls a r e a p p l i c a b l e . )
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s — m an u fac tu rin g (table B - 2 ) . Data w e r e c o l l e c t e d
on p o l i c i e s o f m a n u f a c tu r i n g e s t a b lis h m e n ts r e g a r d i n g pay d i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r
p r o d u c ti o n w o r k e r s on la t e s h ifts .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts c o n s i d e r e d as ha ving
p o l i c i e s a r e t h o s e w h ic h (1) ha ve p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t i n g c o v e r i n g the o p e r a tio n
o f late s h if ts , o r (2) have o p e r a t e d late shifts at any t i m e dur ing the 12
m onths p r e c e d i n g a s u r v e y . When e s ta b lis h m e n ts have s e v e r a l d i f f e r e n t i a l s
w h i c h v a r y b y j o b , the d i f f e r e n t i a l applyin g to the m a j o r i t y o f the p ro d u c tio n
w o r k e r s is r e c o r d e d .
W h en e s ta b lis h m e n ts ha ve d i f f e r e n t i a l s wh ich apply
o n ly to c e r t a i n ho ur s o f w o r k , the d i f f e r e n t i a l ap plying to the m a j o r i t y o f
the shift hours is r e c o r d e d .
F o r p u r p o s e s o f th is study, a late shift is e i t h e r a second ( e v e n in g )
s h ift w h ic h ends at o r n e a r m id n igh t o r a t h i r d (night) shift w h ic h starts at
o r n e a r m id n igh t.
D i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r s e c o n d and t h ird shifts a r e s u m m a r i z e d s e p a r a t e l y
f o r (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s ta b l i s h m e n t's d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d
b y a l l p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in the e s ta b lis h m e n t at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y )
and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e ig h te d by
p r o d u c t i o n w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d shift at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y ) .
Sc h ed u le d w e e k l y h o u rs; paid h o li d ays; paid v a c a ti o n s ; and h e a l t h ,
i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p l a n s . P r o v i s i o n s wh ic h apply to a m a j o r i t y o f the
p r o d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e c o n s i d e r e d to apply to
a l l p ro d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in the e s ta b lis h m en t; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n
is c o n s i d e r e d n o n e x is te n t wh en it ap p li es to l e s s than a m a j o r i t y .
H o lid a y s ;
v a c a t i o n s ; and he alth, i n s u r a n c e , and pe n s io n plans are c o n s i d e r e d a p p lic a b le
to e m p l o y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r the b e n e fits as w e l l as to e m p l o y e e s who
w ill even tu ally b e co m e e lig ib le .
Sch ed uled w e e k l y hours and days (table B - 3 ) . Sch ed ule d w e e k l y
hours and days r e f e r to the n u m b e r o f hours and days p e r w e e k w h ic h f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t ( d a y ) shif t w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e t h e r paid f o r at
s tr a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r tim e rates.
P a i d h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) . H oli d ay s a r e included i f w o r k e r s who
a r e not r e q u i r e d to w o r k a r e paid f o r the ti m e o f f and th ose r e q u i r e d to
w o r k r e c e i v e p r e m i u m p a y o r c o m p e n s a t o r y ti m e off.
T h e y a r e included
o n ly i f th ey a r e g r a n t e d annually on a f o r m a l b as is
( p r o v i d e d f o r in




w r i t t e n f o r m o r e s ta b l i s h e d by c u s tom ). H o lid a y s a r e included even though
in a p a r t i c u l a r y e a r th ey f a l l on a no nw o rk d ay and e m p l o y e e s a r e not
g ra n te d an oth er day o ff.
P a i d p e r s o n a l h o lid ay p la n s , t y p i c a l l y found in
the au tom ob ile and r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s , a r e included as p aid ho lidays.
Data a r e tabulate d to show the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s who (1) are
g ra n te d s p e c i f i c n u m b e rs o f whole and ha lf ho lid ays and (2) a r e gran te d
sp ecified
amounts o f to tal h o lid ay t i m e (wh ole and ha lf ho lidays are
aggrega ted).
P a i d v a c a tio n s (table B - 5 ) . E s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t th eir m ethod o f
ca lc u la tin g v a c a tio n pay (tim e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , f l a t - s u m
p a y m e n t, e t c . ) and the amount o f v a c a tio n pay g ran ted .
Only b a s ic f o r m a l
plans a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a ti o n b on uses, v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s plans, and "e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyond b a s i c plans a r e exclud ed .
F o r tabulating v a c a tio n pay g ra n te d , all p r o v i s i o n s are e x p r e s s e d
on a t i m e b a s i s .
V a c a tio n pay c a lc u la te d on o t h e r than a tim e b as is is
c o n v e r t e d to its e q u iv a le n t t i m e p e r i o d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
f o r e x a m p l e , is ta bula te d as 1 w e e k 's v a c a ti o n pay.
A l s o , p r o v i s i o n s a f t e r e ach s p e c i f i e d length o f s e r v i c e a r e re la te d
to a l l p ro d u c tion o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f length of
s e r v i c e . V a c a tio n plans c o m m o n l y p r o v i d e f o r a l a r g e r amount of vacatio n
pay as s e r v i c e length en s. Counts o f p ro d u c tion o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s by length
o f s e r v i c e w e r e not obtained.
T h e tabulation s o f v a c a tio n pay gran te d
p r e s e n t , t h e r e f o r e , s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e s o f th es e p r o v i s i o n s r a th e r than
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s ac tu a ll y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e fits .
H ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p ension plans (ta bles B - 6 and B - 7 ) . Health,
i n s u r a n c e , and p ensio n plans include plans f o r w h ich the e m p l o y e r pays
e i t h e r all o r p art o f the c ost.
T h e cos t m a y be (1) un de rw rit te n by a
c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e com p any o r n o n p r ofit o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) c o v e r e d by a
union fund to w h ic h the e m p l o y e r has c on trib uted , o r (3) b orne d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out o f o p e r a tin g funds o r a fund set as id e to c o v e r the cost.
A plan is in clud ed e v e n though a m a j o r i t y o f the e m p l o y e e s in an e s t a b l i s h ­
m ent do not cho ose to p a r t i c i p a t e in it b e ca u s e th ey a r e r e q u i r e d to b e a r
p a r t o f its cos t ( p r o v i d e d the c h o ice to p a r t i c i p a t e is a v a ila b le o r w i l l
e v e n tu a l l y b e c o m e a v a i l a b l e to a m a j o r i t y ) .
L e g a l l y r e q u i r e d plans such as
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y com pen sation , and
t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y in s u ran ce 3 a r e exclud ed .
3
Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which m eet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1 ) employers contribute more than is leg a lly required or (2 ) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included.
In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out o f a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each o f the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the em ployees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would i f they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more i f the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
ben efit provided.
Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance A c t) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost o f the insurance.

L i f e in s u r a n c e in clu des f o r m a l plans p r o v i d i n g i n d e m n ity (u sually
th rough an i n s u r a n c e p o l i c y ) in c a s e o f death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
I n f o r m a t i o n is a ls o p r o v i d e d in ta b le B - 7 on ty p es o f l i f e i n s u r a n c e plans
and the amount o f c o v e r a g e ii) a l l i n d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d and in m a n u fa c tu rin g.
A c c i d e n t a l death and d i s m e m b e r m e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to plans
w h ich p r o v i d e b e n e f i t p a y m e n ts in c a s e o f death o r lo s s o f l i m b o r sight as a
d i r e c t r e s u l t o f an ac c id en t.

Labor-m anagem ent ag re e m en t c o v e ra ge
T h e fo l l o w i n g ta bulation shows the p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p ro d u c tio n
and o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the A tla n ta a r e a in w h ich
a union c o n tra c t or c o n tra cts c o v e r e d a m a j o r i t y o f the w o r k e r s in the
r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , M a y 1978:
P r o d u c t i o n and
related w o rk e rs

S ic k n e s s and ac c id e n t i n s u r a n c e i n c lu d e s on ly th os e plans wh ich
p r o v i d e that p r e d e t e r m i n e d cas h p a y m e n ts be m ad e d i r e c t l y to e m p l o y e e s
who l o s e t i m e f r o m w o r k b e ca u s e o f i l l n e s s o r i n j u r y , e . g . , $ 50 a w e e k
f o r up to 26 w e e k s o f d i s a b i l i t y .
S ic k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h ic h p r o v i d e f o r
continuing an e m p l o y e e ' s pay durin g a b sence f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
Data c o l l e c t e d d is tin g u is h b e tw e e n (1) plans w h ich p r o v i d e fu ll p ay w ith no
w ait in g p e r i o d , and (2) plans w h ich e i t h e r p r o v i d e p a r t i a l pay o r r e q u i r e a
w ait in g p e r i o d .
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e p a y m e n ts to t o t a l l y
d is a b le d e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r p aid s ic k l e a v e and/or s i c k ­
n e s s and a c c id en t in s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f d i s a b i l i t y
( t y p i c a l l y 6 m on th s ). P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e until the end o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a
m axim u m age, o r e lig ib ilit y fo r r e tire m en t ben efits.
Full or p artial pay­
m en ts a r e a l m o s t alw a y s re d u c e d by s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y
c om p en s atio n , and p r i v a t e p e n s ion b e n e f its p a y a b le to the d is a b l e d e m p l o y e e .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e plans r e p o r t e d
in th es e s u r v e y s p r o v i d e f u ll o r p a r t i a l p ay m e n t f o r b a s i c s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n in s u ran ce c o v e r s h o s p ita l r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
ot h e r h o s p it a l e x p e n s e s . S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' f e e s . M e d i c a l
i n s u r a n ce c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' f e e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h o s p it a l c a l l s .
Plans
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t i v e m e d i c a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r ' s c a r e f o r m i n o r
a ilm e n ts at a w o r k e r ' s p l a c e o f e m p l o y m e n t a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be
m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e .
M a j o r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e c o v e r a g e ap p lie s to s e r v i c e s w h ic h go
beyo nd the b a s i c s e r v i c e s c o v e r e d under h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and
m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e .
M a j o r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e t y p i c a l l y (1) r e q u i r e s that a
" d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) be m e t b e f o r e b e n e fits b e g in , (2) has a c oin s u ra n c e
fe atu r e that r e q u i r e s the i n s u r e d to pay a p o r t i o n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r ta i n e x p e n s e s , and (3) has a s p e c i f i e d d o l l a r m a x i m u m o f b e n e f its ( e . g . ,
$ 10, 000 a y e a r ) .

43
63
29
64

14
29
11
46

A l l i n d u s t r i e s ________________
M anu fa cturing
Nonm anufactu ring
P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A n es tab lis h m en t is c o n s i d e r e d to h a ve a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a l l
p ro d u c tio n o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s is c o v e r e d b y a
la b or-m a n a g em en t agreem en t.
T h e r e f o r e , a l l o t h e r p r o d u c tio n o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts that e i t h e r do not h a ve l a b o r m a n a g e m e n t con tra cts in e f fe c t , o r h a ve c o n t r a c t s that a p p ly to f e w e r than
h a lf o f t h e i r prod uction o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of the exte nt to wh ich a l l w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y be c o v e r e d
b y the p r o v i s i o n s o f l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a l l e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts a r e excluded and the in d u s tr ia l s c o p e of the s u r v e y is l i m i t e d .

In d u s tr ia l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u fa c tu rin g
A l m o s t t h r e e - te n th s of the w o r k e r s w ith in the s c o p e of the s u r v e y in
the A tla n ta a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c tu r in g f i r m s .
The follo w in g
p r e s e n t s the m a j o r in d u s try gro ups and s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s as a p e r c e n t of
a l l m anufactu rin g:
Industr y gro up s

R e t i r e m e n t p e n s ion plans p r o v i d e f o r r e g u l a r p a y m e n ts to the
retire e fo r life .
In clud ed a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g plans w h ich p r o v i d e
the option o f p u r c h a s in g a l i f e t i m e annuity.
4
A n establishment is considered as having a form al plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
o f days o f sick lea ve available to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written, but inform al sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
from

S p e c i f i c in d u s t r i e s

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t______23
F o o d and kindred p r o d u c t s _____ 13
A p p a r e l and other t e x t i l e
p r o d u c t s _________________________10
T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s __________ 7
P r i n t i n g and p u b l i s h i n g ________ 7
P a p e r and a l l i e d p r o d u c t s _____ 6
E l e c t r i c and e l e c t r o n i c
e q u i p m e n t ______________________ 6
C h e m i c a l s and a l l i e d
p r o d u c t s ________________________ 5

D e n ta l i n s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e n o r m a l dental s e r v i c e b e n e f i t s ,
usually f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s . P l a n s w h ic h p r o v i d e b e n e fits
only f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a i r i n g a c c id en t d am age a r e not r e p o r t e d .




O ffic e w o rk e rs

M o t o r v e h i c l e s and
e q u i p m e n t ______________________ 13
A i r c r a f t and p a r t s ______________10
M e n ' s and b o y s '
f u r n i s h i n g s _____________________ 5

T h i s i n f o r m a ti o n is b as e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o ta l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d
u n i v e r s e m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d b e f o r e a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in
v a r i o u s ind us try d iv is io n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on the r e s u l t s
of the s u r v e y as shown in appendix ta b le 1.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Atlanta, Ga.,1 May 1978
N um ber of establish m ents
In du stry d iv is io n 2

M inim um
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ­
ments in scope
of study

W ork ers in establishm ents
W ithin scope of study

W ithin scope
o f study 3

Studied
Studied

T o t a l4
N um ber

Percen t

F u ll-tim e
production and
re la ted w o rk ers

F u ll-tim e
o ffic e w o rk ers

T o t a l4

ALL E S T A B L I S H ME N T S
ALL D I V I S I O N S ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------------------------T RANS P OR T A T I ON. COMMUNI CAT I ON. AND
OTHER P UB L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------------------------UHOLESALE TRADE
-------------------------------------------------------------------retail
trade
---------------------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I NSURANCE. AND REAL E S T A T E
----------S E R V I C E S 7 ------------------------------------------------------------

.

1.532

201

349,131

100

175.497

68.260

1 7 3 . 41 1

50

401
1.131

73
128

100. 851
248.280

29
71

70.254
105.243

12.086
56. 174

54,271
119,140

10
12

29.313
16 1
C
< 6»
16»

12.133
f 61
( 6»
16 )
( 61

48. 907
7,501
40,244
7.703
14. 785

50
50
50
50
50

110

26

24 5
334
178
264

29
14
38

60.779
33.194
79.220
33.278
41,809

-

109

66

181,155

100

92.246

34.097

147.804

500

26
83

19
47

48.112
133.043

27
73

33.227
59.019

6.442
27. 655

42.980
104,824

500
500
500
500
500

17
5
42

14
3
18
4

48 v 400
5.377
56.154
11.410
11.702

27
3
31

23,643

10.740

46,574
3.87 7
39,299
5,834
9,24 0

21

17

10
23

LARGE E S T ABL I S H ME N T S
ALL D I V I S I O N S ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------------------------------------------t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n . AND
OTHER P UB L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------------------------------UHOLESALE TRADE
-------------------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I NSURANCE. AND REAL E S T A T E
----------------S E R V I C E S 7 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

8
ii

1 T h e A tlan ta Standard M etro p o lita n S ta tistica l A re a , as defined by the O ffic e o f M anagem ent
and Budget throu gh F e b ru a ry 1974, con sists o f Butts, C h erokee, Clayton, Cobb, D eK alb, D ouglas,
F a y e tte , F o rs y th , Fu lton, Gwinnett, H en ry, Newton, Pau ldin g, Rockdale, and W alton Counties. The
"w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f stu dy" estim ates shown in this table p ro v id e a reason ably accu rate
d e s c rip tio n of the s iz e and co m p o sitio n of the labor fo r c e included in the su rv ey.
E stim ates a re
not intended, h o w eve r, fo r c o m p a riso n w ith other em ploym en t indexes to m easu re em ploym en t trends
o r le v e ls sin ce (1 ) planning o f w age su rveys re q u ires establishm ent data co m p iled co n sid era b ly in
advance o f the p a y r o ll p e rio d stu died, and (2) sm all establishm ents a re exclu ded fr o m the scope o f
the s u rv ey.
2 Th e 1972 ed itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la ss ifica tio n Manual was used to c la s s ify
esta b lish m en ts by in du stry d iv is io n .
H o w e ver, a ll governm en t operations a re exclu ded fr o m the
scope o f the su rv ey.




8

6
6

<

6>

(H

c 6»

16 1

l 6»

6
»

<
C6 1
I 61

3 Includes a ll establish m en ts w ith to ta l em ploym en t at o r above the m inim um lim ita tion . A l'
outlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f com pan ies in in d u stries such as tra d e , fin an ce, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , anc
m otion p ictu re th e a ters a re co n s id ere d as one establish m ent.
4 Includes ex e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, p a rt-tim e , and o th er w o r k e r s exclu ded fro m the separate
produ ction and o ffic e c a te g o rie s .
5 A b b re v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilitie s " in the A - and B - s e r ie s ta b les.
T a xica bs and s e r v ic e s
in cid en tal to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n a re exclu ded.
A tlan ta 's tra n sit s y s te m is m u n icipally operated
and is exclu ded by defin ition fr o m the scope o f the study.
6 S eparate presen tatio n o f data is not m ade fo r this division .
7 H otels and m o te ls ; lau ndries and o th er p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile
r e p a ir , ren ta l, and p ark ing; m otion p ictu re s; n on profit m em b ersh ip o rga n izatio n s (excluding re ligio u s
and ch a rita ble o rga n iz a tio n s ); and en gin eerin g and a rc h itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .

39

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the
B u re a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g into
a p p r o p r i a t e occup ations w o r k e r s who a r e e m p l o y e d un der a v a r i e t y o f
p a y r o l l t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to
e s ta b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s the g ro up in g o f
oc c u p atio n al w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b content.
B ec a u se
o f this e m p h a s is on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y
o f oc c u p atio n al content, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g ­
n if ic a n tly f r o m th o s e in use in in d iv id u a l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts o r th ose p r e ­
pared fo r other purposes.
In ap p ly in g th es e job d e s c r i p t i o n s , the
B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r ­
v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .
Handicapped w o r k e r s whose e a r n i n g s a r e re d u c e d b e ca u s e o f t h e i r
handicap a r e als o e x c lu d e d . L e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , unless
s p e c i f i c a l l y in clu d ed in the jo b d e s c r i p t i o n , a r e e x clud ed .

Office
S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

SECRETARY
A s s i g n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one ind iv id u al.
M ain tain s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y a c t i v ­
i t i e s o f the s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f
d e ta ile d s u p e r v i s i o n and guidance. P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
duties r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e routin e and understa ndin g o f the
o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

Not a l l p o s itio n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above
c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n
a r e as f o l l o w s :

a.

P o s i t i o n s which do not
d e s c r i b e d above;

b.

S ten o g ra p h e rs not fu lly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e duties;

c.

S ten og ra p h e rs s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s is ta n t s
f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ;

d.

E x c lu s io n s




E x c l u s i o n s — Continued
m e e t the

"p e rs o n a l"

A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p ositio ns w h ic h e n ta il m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e ­
sponsib le t e c h n ic a l, a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , o r s u p e r v i s o r y duties w h ich
a r e not typical" o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k , e . g . , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e A s s i s t ­
ant, o r E x e c u t i v e A s s i s t a n t ;

L i s t e d b e l o w a r e s e v e r a l occup ation s f o r w h ic h r e v i s e d d e s c r ip tio n s o r t i t l e s a r e b e in g in t r o d u c e d
in this s u r v e y :
Guard
Sh ip per and r e c e i v e r
(p reviou sly su rvey ed
as shipping and
receivin g c le rk )
T ru ck d river

O rd e r clerk
P a y r o ll clerk
Secretary
K e y entry op e ra tor
T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e ty p is t
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r

T h e B u re a u has d is co n tin u e d c o l l e c t i n g data f o r ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .
c l a s s i f i e d as w a t c h m e n a r e now c l a s s i f i e d as guards under the r e v i s e d d e s c r i p ti o n .

40

W o rk ers p reviou sly

secretary

to a group

con cept

of p ro­

SECRETARY— Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

Exclusions— Continued

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n by L e v e l — Continued

e.

P o s i t i o n s w h ic h do not fit any o f the situations l i s t e d in the
s e c t i o n s b e l o w t i t l e d ' ' L e v e l o f S u p e r v i s o r , " e . g . , s e c r e t a r y to the
p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ;

f.

T ra in ees.

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n by L e v e l

e.

S e c r e t a r y jo b s w h i c h m e e t the above c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a r e m a tc h e d at
on e o f f i v e l e v e l s a c c o r d i n g to (a) the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r
w ith in the c o m p a n y 's o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s tr u c tu r e and, (b) the l e v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y ' s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y . T h e chart f o llo w in g the explanations o f th es e two
f a c t o r s i n d i c a t e s the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r eac h c om b in atio n o f the
factors.

a.

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t of a com pany
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than the c hairm an of
the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a com pany that e m p lo y s , in all,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; or

c.

LS—4

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and im p o rt a n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d l e m an a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i ­
z a t io n a l s e g m e n t often i n v o l v i n g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a com p any that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 25,000 p e rs o n s .

S e c r e t a r y to the head , i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a te o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com pany that
e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .

L e v e l o f S e c r e t a r y 's S u p e r v is o r (LS)
S e c r e t a r i e s sho uld b e m a tc h e d at one o f the fou r LS l e v e l s d e s c r i b e d
b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y ' s s u p e r v i s o r w it h in the com pany
o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s tr u c tu r e .
L S —1

S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

b.

LS —2

a.

organ iza tion al

S e c r e t a r y to a non s u p e r v i s o r y s ta ff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r o r as s is tan t, s k i l l e d te c h n ic ia n
o r expert.
(N O TE :
Many
c om p anie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r i b e d a b ov e , to th is l e v e l o f
s u p e rv is o ry o r nonsu pervisory w o rk e r.)

a.

S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is not e q u iv a le n t to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situat ions in
th e d e fi n i ti o n f o r L S —
3, but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y
n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d oze n e m p l o y e e s and is u sually d iv id e d
into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e gm e n ts w h ic h a r e ofte n , in turn, f u r t h e r
s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , this l e v e l in clud es a w i d e range
o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , only one o r tw o ; or

b.

LS—3

S e c r e t a r y to the he ad o f an in d iv id u al plant, f a c t o r y , e t c . , ( o r
o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r
than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a.

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a com pany
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.

S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100
but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e t a r y to th e head ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w the o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w i d e functional a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g ,
r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r a m a j o r
g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e gm e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r ­
t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a com pan y that e m p l o y s , in all,
o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25,0 00 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

d.

S e c r e t a r y to th e head o f
(o r other equivalent le v e l
o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " used in the above LS d e f ­
in it io n r e f e r s to th o s e o f f i c i a l s who ha ve a s ig n if ic a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e p o l i c y ­
m ak in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r com p any a c t i v i t i e s .
The title " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f this r o l e , does not in all c ases
id e n ti f y such p o s itio n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
act p e r s o n a l l y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , ap p rove o r deny
in d iv id u a l loa n o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r ind iv id u al tr u s t accoun ts; d i ­
r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e
o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f ap p lyin g the d e fin ition .
L e v e l o f S e c r e t a ry 's Responsibility (L R )
T h i s f a c t o r e v a lu a te s the na tu re o f the w o r k rela tio n sh ip betw een
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v i s o r , and the extent to w h ich the s e c r e t a r y is
e x p e c te d to e x e r c i s e i n i t i a t i v e and jud g m ent. S e c r e t a r i e s should be m atc hed
at L R —1 o r L R —2 d e s c r i b e d b e l o w a c c o r d i n g to t h e i r l e v e l o f r e s p o n s ib ilit y .
L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 1 ( L R —1)
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d s e c r e t a r i a l duties including o r c o m p a r a b le to m os t
o f the fo llo w in g :
a.

A n s w e r s te l e p h o n e s ,
c o m in g m a i l .

b.

A n s w e r s te le p h o n e r e q u e s t s w h ic h h a ve standard an s w e r s .
r e p l y to r e q u e s t s by sending a f o r m l e t t e r .

c.

R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
ot h e rs f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ig n a tu r e to e n s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and
typograph ical accuracy.

d.

M aintains s u p e r v i s o r ' s
i n s tr u c te d .

e.

T y p e s , tak e s and t r a n s c r i b e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s .

an in div id ual pla nt, f a c t o r y , e tc . ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in all,

greets

personal

calendar

and

c allers,

m a k es

and

opens

in­

M ay

appointments

as

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

L e v e l o f R e s p o n s i b i l i t y 2 ( L R —2)

S t e n o g ra p h e r, S e n i o r

P e r f o r m s duties d e s c r i b e d under L R —1 and, in ad d ition p e r f o r m s
tasks r e q u i r i n g g r e a t e r ju d g m e n t , i n i t i a t i v e , and k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e functions
including o r c o m p a r a b l e to m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
a.

S c r e e n s te le p h o n e and p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , d e t e r m i n i n g w h ic h can
be ha ndle d b y the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s u b ord in ate s o r o t h e r o f f i c e s .

b.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s t s w h ich r e q u i r e a d e t a i l e d k n o w le d g e o f o f ­
fic e p ro c ed u r e s o r c o llectio n o f in fo rm atio n f r o m file s o r
other o ffices.
M a y s ig n routine c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in own o r
s u p e r v i s o r ' s na m e .

c.

C o m p i l e s o r a s s i s t s in c o m p i l i n g p e r i o d i c
o f g en e ra l instructions.

d.

Sch ed ules te n t a t i v e appoin tm en ts without p r i o r c l e a r a n c e .
As­
s e m b l e s n e c e s s a r y b a c k gr o u n d m a t e r i a l f o r s c h e d u le d m e e t i n g s .
M a k e s a r r a n g e m e n t s f o r m e e t i n g s and c o n f e r e n c e s .

e.

Dicta tion i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
such as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o set up
and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e ep r e c o r d s , e tc .

E x p la in s s u p e r v i s o r ' s r e q u i r e m e n t s to o t h e r e m p l o y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r ' s unit. ( A l s o t y p e s , ta k e s d ic ta tio n , and f i l e s . )

r e p o r t s on the b a s is

T h e f o l l o w i n g tab ula tion shows the l e v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y f o r eac h
LS and L R com b inatio n:

L e v e l o f s e c r e ta r y 's
______ s u p e r v i s o r ______

P e r f o r m s s te n o gr a p h ic duties r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n ­
d e pen den ce and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d by
the f o l l o w i n g :
W o rk r e q u i r e s a h ig h d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d and
a c c u r a c y ; a thorough w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u re ; and o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f l o w , etc . U s e s th is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o ­
g r a p h i c duties and r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m a in ta in in g f o l l o w ­
up f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m ­
p o s in g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g and routing i n c o m i n g
m a i l ; and an s w e r in g routine q u e s tio n s , e tc .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r i m a r y duty is to type c op y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d ic ta tio n w h ic h does
not i n v o l v e v a r i e d te c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as that used in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n
c op y. M a y m ainta in f i l e s , k eep s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
routin e c l e r i c a l task s.
(See S t e n o g r a p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s i n v o l v e d
w ith shorthand dictatio n.)

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's respon sibility
T Y P IS T
L R —1

LS—1_______
LS—2_______
LS—3_______
LS—
4_______

OR

C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s

E
D
C
B

L R —2
C la s s
C la s s
C la s s
C lass

D
C
B
A

STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y duty is to tak e d ic ta tio n using sho rthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ic tatio n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n copy.
M ay operate f r o m a
s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M ay o cca sio n a lly tra n s c rib e fr o m vo ice reco rdin gs (if
p r i m a r y duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
Typist).
N O T E : T h i s j o b is d i s tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fi d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith only one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y tasks as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y j o b d e fin itio n .

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m ak e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m ak e
out b i l l s a f t e r c alc ulations ha ve b een m a d e by an oth er p e r s o n . M a y include
ty p ing o f s t e n c ils , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in d up licating
processes.
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , such
as k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and
d is tr ib u t in g inc o m in g m a i l .
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l
in f in a l f o r m when it i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , punctuation, e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o rd s o r f o r e i g n lan gua ge m a t e r i a l ; o r planning layou t
and typing o f c o m p l i c a te d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n i f o r m i t y and
b a la n c e in spac ing.
M a y ty p e routine f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e ta ils to suit
circu m stan ces.
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C op y ty p in g f r o m
roug h o r c l e a r d ra fts; o r routine ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e tc .;
o r s e ttin g up s i m p l e s ta n dard ta b u la tion s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b le s
a l r e a d y s et up and s p aced p r o p e r l y .
F IL E CLERK

Stenographer, G en eral

k e ep

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m an u a l ta s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s i s o f the f o l l o w i n g d e fin itio n s .

D i c ta ti o n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l routin e v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y routine c l e r i c a l ta s k s .




42

F IL E CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and in d e xe s f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n ts , e tc . , in an e s ta b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
con tainin g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s ub je ct m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e this
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty pes in conjunction w ith the f i l e s .
M ay lead a s m a ll group o f lo w e r le v e l file clerks.

adequacy o f i n f o r m a t i o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t rating o f c u s to m e r;
f u r n is h in g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d by the s p e c i f i e d date o r to let c u s to m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h eck ing shipping in v o ic e
ag ain s t o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s if ie d m a t e r i a l by s i m p l e
( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in gs o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by f i n e r subheadings.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aids.
As requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M a y p e r ­
f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u i r e d to m ain ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e duties include
any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v i c e using k n o w l­
e d g e g a in e d f r o m e n g i n e e r i n g o r e x t e n s i v e te c h n i c a l tr a in in g; e m p h a s izin g
s e l l i n g s k i l l s ; handling m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p art o f the job.

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s routine f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s te m (e .g ., alph a betical, ch ron olog ica l, o r n u m erica l).
As
requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m anual tasks
r e q u i r e d to m a i n ta i n and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

Positions
d e fin itio n s :

MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s routin e duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h i n e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , opening and d is trib u t in g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p os it io n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s i g n i f i c a n t duty.

are

cla s s ifie d

into

levels

accordin g

to

the

f o llo w in g

C l a s s A . H an dles o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m ak in g judgm ents such as
c h o os in g w h ich s p e c i f i c p ro d u c t o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s ta b l i s h m e n t's prod uct
l in e s w i l l s a t i s f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to be quoted
when p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e li s t o r m ak ing
s o m e s i m p l e m a t h e m a t i c a l c a lc u la tio n s .
C l a s s B . H an dles o r d e r s i n v o l v i n g i t e m s w h ich have r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d uses and a p p lic a tio n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's manua l,
o r s i m i l a r d ocum ent to i n s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m is supplied o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d item .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te l e p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d o r con sole used w ith a p r i v a t e
b r a n c h e x c h a n g e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y in c o m i n g , ou tg oing, and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a l l s p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a t i n g a te le p h o n e
s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y oc c up y the m a j o r p o r ti o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at the s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o l e ) . C h i e f o r
l e a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c lu d e d .
F o r an o p e r a t o r who als o acts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w itc h b o a r d
O p e ra tor-R e c e p tion ist.
SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o l e , ac ts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w i t c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
w o r k i n v o l v e s such duties as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e te r m i n i n g na tu re o f v i s i t o r ' s
b u s in e s s and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a ti o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r i a t e p e r s o n in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r con ta cting that p e r s o n by te le p h o n e and
a r r a n g i n g an a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p i n g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .
ORDER CLERK
R e c e i v e s w r i t t e n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p urch ase o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a l e s p e o p le .
W ork ty p ic a lly in vo lves
s o m e c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g duties: Quoting p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s ti n g substitutes when n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y date and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r
sheets;
checking o r d e r sheets f o r a c c u r a c y and




P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accounting c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as posting to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank accou nts ; v e r i f y i n g ' t h e in t e r n a l c on­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f accounting doc um ents;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d accounting d is tr ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , postin g,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d jou rn a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a m anual o r autom ate d accounting s y s te m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m ethod s and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e ­
c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and accou nting i n f o r m a t i o n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b oo kk e e p in g and accounting t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s used in the a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to have a
k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and accounting.
Positions
d e fin itio n s :

are

c lassified

into

levels

on the

b a s is of the f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s ac counting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and jud gm ent, f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e ac counting t r a n s ­
ac tio n s , s e l e c t i n g am on g a sub sta ntial v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d accounting codes
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th ro ugh p r e v i o u s accounting
ac tio ns to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d by one o r
m o r e c l a s s B ac counting c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d in str uctions
and s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e
routine acc ounting
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p os tin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e ts

ACCOUNTING CLERK— Continued

P A Y R O L L CLERK— Continued

w h e r e i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t io n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic ate d ;
che cking a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d i z e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r ac cou nting d ocum ents ; and codin g d ocum ents using a f e w p r e s c r i b e d
accounting c od es.

l i s t i n g s against s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in l i s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a nonautom ate d p a y r o l l s y s t e m , com p ute s w a g e s . W o r k m a y r e q u i r e a p r a c t i c a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
com puter system fo r p ro cessin g p a y ro lls.

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m ac h in e (w ith o r with ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e ep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b oo k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r ac cou nting s y s t e m used.
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is trib u tion o f debit and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in e a c h phas e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o t h e r r e c o r d s by hand.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p hases o r s e c t i o n s o f a
s e t of r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u i r i n g little k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b oo kk e e p ing . P h a s e s
o r se ction s in clu d e accounts p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ’ accounts (not i n ­
cluding a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d un der m a c h in e b i l l e r ) , cos t d i s ­
tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u t io n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e tc . M a y check o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e ts f o r the accou nting
d e pa rtm e n t.
M A C H IN E B I L L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m ac h in e o t h e r than
an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e ep r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c id e n ta l to b i l l i n g
o p e r a ti o n s . F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m ac h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty pe
o f m ac h in e , as f o l l o w s :
B i l l i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p ing and adding m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ’
purch ase o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d a , etc .
U s u a lly i n v o l v e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d discounts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not be c om p u te d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and t o ta l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la te d by
m ac h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u suall y i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c arb o n c o p ie s o f
the b i l l b eing p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

KEY ENTRY OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s k e y b o a r d - c o n t r o l l e d data e n t r y d e v i c e such as keypun ch
m ac h in e o r k e y - o p e r a t e d m a g n e t i c tape o r d is k e n c o d e r to t r a n s c r i b e
data into a f o r m suitable f o r c o m p u t e r p r o c e s s i n g . W o r k r e q u i r e s s k i l l in
o p e r a t i n g an a lp h a n u m e ric k e y b o a r d and an un de rs tand in g o f t r a n s c r i b i n g
p r o c e d u r e s and r e l e v a n t data e n tr y e q u ip m en t.
Positions
d e fin ition s :

are

cla ssified

into

levels

on

the b a s i s

of

the f o l l o w i n g

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s the a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r coding i te m s to be e n t e r e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts .
On o c c a s i o n m a y als o p e r f o r m routin e w o r k as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s B.
N O T E : E xc lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s a b o v e c l a s s A using the k e y e n tr y
c o n tr o l s to a c c e s s , rea d, and ev alu ate the substa nce o f s p e c i f i c r e c o r d s to
take sub stantive actions, o r to m ak e e n t r i e s r e q u i r i n g a s i m i l a r l e v e l o f
k n o w ledge.
C l a s s B . W o r k is routine and r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r fo llo w in g specific procedu res o r detailed in stru ctio n s, w orks
from
v a r i o u s s ta n d a rd ize d s o u r c e d ocum ents w h ic h ha ve b e en c od e d and r e q u i r e
l i t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , coding, o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be e n t e r e d . R e f e r s
to s u p e r v i s o r p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s , c o d e s , o r m i s s i n g
inform ation.

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b oo k k e e p in g m ac h in e (w ith o r
without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ’ b i l l s as p a r t o f the
accounts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a ti o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the s im u lta n e o u s e n t r y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l colum ns and c om p u te s and u sually p rin ts
a u t o m a t i c a l l y the debit o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
Does not i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e
o f b oo k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n i fo r m and stan da rd ty p e s o f s a l e s and
c r e d i t s lip s.
P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l tasks n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m a in ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w ag e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f i ts , o r ta x de du ctions ; e d iting p a y r o l l




A n a l y z e s busin ess p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g
t h e m by use of e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D evelops a com plete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f all s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c om p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be au t o m a te d and i d e n t i f i e s c on ditions
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and docum ents to be used; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n t a t i o n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r ts ); c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f new and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e quip m en t changes to obtain m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O TE :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be
c l a s s i f i e d as s y s te m s analysts i f this is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)

COM PUTER SYSTEMS A N A LYS T, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

D oes not in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r s y s t e m s a n a lys ts p r i m a r i l y c on c e r n e d with s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g
p ro b lem s.

lan gua ge, cause the m an ip u lation o f data to a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r esults. W o rk
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s k now le dge o f com p uter c ap a­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d by c o m p u te r s , and p a r t i c u l a r sub­
j e c t m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to an a lyz e charts and d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to
be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s sequence o f p r o g r a m s tep s; w r i t e s d eta iled flow
charts to show o r d e r in w h ic h data w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ; con ve rts th ese
charts to c oded in s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l during pro duction
run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e op e ratin g e f f i ­
c ie n c y o r adapt to ne w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m ainta ins r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s te m s an al­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s te m s analysts i f this is
the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s es , s y s t e m s analysts ar e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l l o w s :
C l a s s A . W o r k s in dependently o r under only g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a l l p hases o f s y s te m s an a lys is . P r o b l e m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e ve lo p s an i n t e g r a t e d p ro d uction
s c h e d u lin g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , cost a n a l y s i s , and s ales a n a lys is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h typ e is au t o m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rough the full
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e f oll o w u p actions a r e i n itia te d by the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p l i c a t io n s o f new o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a tio n s . Mak es r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s te m s insta ll ation s o r changes and f o r
obta ining e qu ip m en t.

Does not inclu de e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
ag e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d with s c i e n t i f i c and/or e n g in e e rin g
problem s.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s

M a y p r o v i d e fu n c tio n a l
who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r

le v e l system s

C l a s s B . W o r k s ind ep end ently o r under only g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n co m p lic a te d to an a lyz e, plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b ecause s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n eo u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r ela te d.
(F o r exam ple,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r accounts in a bank, m ain ta ining
ac cou nts
r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain ta in in g in v e n t o r y
accounts in a m a n u f a c tu r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s ta b lis h m e n t. )
C o n f e r s with
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p l i c a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s te m s
to be a p p lie d .
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r
s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . W o r k s independently on routine a s s i g n ­
m en ts and r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and guidance on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o r k
is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e with in s tr u c ti o n s , and to
i n s u r e p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s te m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s un der i m m e d i a t e s u p e rv is io n , c a r r y i n g out a n alyses
as a s s i g n e d , u suall y o f a s in g l e a c t i v i t y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e l o p and expan d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the ap p li cation o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s an aly s t by p r e p a r i n g the d e taile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
program m ers
f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e lo p e d by the h i g h e r l e v e l an alyst.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B USINE S S

as

fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s independently o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n
on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in all phases o f p r o ­
g r a m m i n g con cepts and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d i a g r a m s and charts
w h ich i d e n tify the nature o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g steps to
be a c c o m p l i s h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s steps o f the p r o b ­
l e m s o lv in g rou tine; plans the f u ll rang e o f p r o g r a m m i n g actio ns nee ded
to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in ac h ie v in g d e s i r e d end pro ducts .
At this l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d iffic u lt beca u s e c om p u te r e q u ip ­
m en t m ust be o r g a n i z e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d ­
ucts f r o m nu m e rou s and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A wid e v a r i e t y and e x ­
t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g actions m ust o c c u r .
T h is r e q u i r e s
such actions as d e v e l o p m e n t o f c om m o n o p e r a tio n s whic h can be r e ­
used, e s ta b lis h m e n t o f lin k ag e points b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , adjustments to
data wh en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u te r s t o r a g e c ap acity , and
substa ntia l m anip u lation and r e s e q u e n c in g of data e le m e n t s to f o r m a
h ig hly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e func tio nal d i r e c t i o n
a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

to l o w e r l e v e l

p r o g r a m m e r s who

C la s s B . W o r k s ind ep end ently o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) us uall y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to pro duce data in two
o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and lis ti n g s are pro d u c ed by
r e f in in g , adaptin g, a r r a y i n g , o r m aking m i n o r additions to o r delet ions f r o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r ou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data ha ve b een r e f i n e d in p r i o r actio ns so that the a c c u r a c y
and se qu e nc ing o f data can be t e s t e d by using a f e w routine checks. T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d eals w ith routine r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a tio n s .
OR

C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u siness p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s an a ly s t, into a s e q u e n c e o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ic h a r e r e ­
q u i r e d to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g eq uip m en t.
W o r k i n g f r o m c h arts o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e ­
c i s e i n s tr u c ti o n s w h ic h , wh en e n t e r e d into the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in coded




are classified

analysts

W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r class A ) under
close d irectio n of a h igh er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r su p ervisor.
M a y a s s is t
h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by independently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d iffic u lt tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f fi c u l t tasks under f a i r l y c lo s e d ir e c tio n .

45

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COM PUTER OPERATOR— Continued

M a y guide o r i n s tr u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C l a s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l ap p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and con cepts usuall y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
Assign m en ts
a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f s ta n dard p r o ­
c e d u re s to routin e p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new a s p e cts
o f a s s i g n m e n ts ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e
w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COMPUTER OPERATOR
In a c c o r d a n c e w ith o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , m o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s
the c o n tro l c o n s o le o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s data. E x e c u te s runs by
e i t h e r s e r i a l p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s one p r o g r a m at a t i m e ) o r m u l t i ­
p r o c e s s i n g ( p r o c e s s e s tw o o r m o r e p r o g r a m s s i m u l ta n e o u s l y ) . T h e f o l l o w i n g
duties c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r :
- Studies
need ed.

operating

- L o a d s e quip m en t
paper, etc.).

i n s tr u c ti o n s
with

to

required

determ in e
item s

e quip m en t

( ta p e s ,

cards,

setup
d is k s ,

- S w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l l i a r y equ ip m en t into s y s t e m .
- S ta rts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r.
- R e sp o n d s to o p e r a t i n g and c o m p u t e r output i n s tr u c tio n s .
- R e v i e w s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m a k e s c o r r e c t i o n s
o r r e fe r s p ro b lem s.

C las s B . In addition to e s t a b l i s h e d p ro d u c tio n runs, w o r k a s s i g n ­
m en ts include runs i n v o lv in g new p r o g r a m s , a p p l i c a ti o n s , and p r o c e d u r e s
( i . e . , situations w h ic h r e q u i r e the o p e r a t o r to adapt to a v a r i e t y o f p r o b l e m s ) .
A t this l e v e l , the o p e r a t o r has the t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e to w o r k f a i r l y
ind ep end ently in c a r r y i n g out m o s t a s s i g n m e n t s . A s s i g n m e n t s m a y r e q u i r e
the o p e r a t o r to s e l e c t f r o m a v a r i e t y o f sta n d a rd setup and o p e r a t i n g
procedures.
In responding to c o m p u t e r output in s tr u c tio n s o r e r r o r c o n ­
d ition s , applies standa rd o p e r a ti n g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s , but m a y
d e v ia te f r o m standa rd p r o c e d u r e s wh en sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s f a i l i f d e v i a ti o n
does not m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r the c o m p u te r unit's p ro d u c tio n plans. R e f e r s the
p r o b l e m o r abor ts the p r o g r a m wh en p r o c e d u r e s a p p li e d do not p r o v i d e a
solution. M ay guide l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la ss C . W o r k a s s ig n m e n ts a r e l i m i t e d to e s t a b l i s h e d p ro d u c tio n
runs ( i . e . , p r o g r a m s w h ich p r e s e n t f e w o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s ) .
A ssign m en ts
m a y c o n s is t p r i m a r i l y o f o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g ( s o m e t i m e s au g m en te d by
c l a s s r o o m in s tr u c tio n ). When l e a r n i n g to run p r o g r a m s , the s u p e r v i s o r o r a
h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r p r o v i d e s d e t a i l e d w r i t t e n o r o r a l guid ance to the
o p e r a t o r b e f o r e and dur ing the run. A f t e r the o p e r a t o r has g aine d e x p e r i e n c e
w ith a p r o g r a m , h o w e v e r , the o p e r a t o r w o r k s f a i r l y i n d e p e n d e n tly in
applyin g standard o p e r a tin g o r c o r r e c t i v e p r o c e d u r e s in res p on d ing to
c o m p u te r output in s tr u c tio n s o r e r r o r c o n d it io n s , but r e f e r s p r o b l e m s to a
h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r o r the s u p e r v i s o r when s tan da rd p r o c e d u r e s fa i l .
P E R IP H E R A L E Q U IPM E N T O P E R A T O R

during o p e r a ti o n

- M ain tain s o p e r a ti n g r e c o r d .
M a y te s t-ru n new or m od ified p ro g r a m s .
M a y a s s i s t in m o d i f y i n g
system s or p ro g r a m s .
The s c o p e o f this d e fi n i ti o n in c lu d e s t r a i n e e s w o r k i n g
to b e c o m e f u l l y q u a l i fi e d c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , f u l l y q u a l i fi e d c o m p u te r
o p e r a t o r s , and le a d o p e r a t o r s p r o v i d i n g t e c h n i c a l a s s i s t a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s . It e x c lu d e s w o r k e r s who m o n i t o r and o p e r a t e r e m o t e t e r m i n a l s .
C la s s A . In ad dition to w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s d e s c r i b e d f o r a c l a s s B
o p e r a t o r ( s e e b e l o w ) the w o r k o f a c l a s s A o p e r a t o r i n v o l v e s at le a s t one
o f the f o l l o w i n g :

O p e r a t e s p e r i p h e r a l equ ip m en t w h i c h
d i r e c t l y sup p orts d i g i t a l
c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n s . Such e quip m en t is uniquely and s p e c i f i c a l l y d e s ig n e d
f o r c o m p u te r ap p lic a tio n s , but ne e d not be p h y s i c a l l y o r e l e c t r o n i c a l l y
c on nected to a c o m p u te r.
P r i n t e r s , p l o t t e r s , c a r d rea d/ p u n c h e s , tape
r e a d e r s , tape units o r d r i v e s , disk units o r d r i v e s , and data d is p la y units
a r e e x a m p l e s o f such equipment.
T h e f o l l o w i n g duties c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a p e r i p h e r a l e quip m en t
ope ra to r :
- L oa din g p r i n t e r s and p l o t t e r s w ith c o r r e c t p a p e r ; adjusting
c on tro ls f o r f o r m s , t h i c k n e s s , te n s io n , p r i n t i n g d e n s i ty , and
loc ation ; and unloading h a rd copy.

- D e v i a te s f r o m stan da rd p r o c e d u r e s to a v o i d the lo s s o f i n f o r ­
m a tio n o r to c o n s e r v e c o m p u t e r t i m e e v e n though the p r o c e d u r e s
ap p lie d m a t e r i a l l y a l t e r the c o m p u te r unit's p ro d u c tion plans.

- L a b e l l i n g tape r e e l s , d is k s , o r c a r d d e ck s .

- T e s t s new p r o g r a m s , a p p l i c a ti o n s , and p r o c e d u r e s .

- Setting c on tro ls w h ich r e g u l a t e o p e r a t i o n o f the equ ip m en t.

- Ad vises p ro g r a m m e r s
te c h n iq u e s .

and

su b ject-m atter

experts

on

-

setup

- O b s e r v i n g panel lights f o r w a r n i n g s
taking a p p ro p ria t e action.

- A s s i s t s in ( l ) m a in ta in in g , m o d i f y i n g , and d e v e l o p i n g o p e r a ti n g
s y s t e m s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2) d e v e l o p i n g o p e r a t i n g in s tr u c tio n s and
te c h n iq u e s to c o v e r p r o b l e m s ituatio ns; an d/or (3) s w itc h in g to
e m e r g e n c y backup p r o c e d u r e s (s uc h a s s i s t a n c e r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w le d g e o f p r o g r a m l a n g u a g e , c o m p u t e r f e a t u r e s , and s o f t w a r e
system s).
An

o p e r a t o r at




this l e v e l

t y p i c a l l y guides

low er

Checking la b e ls and m oun ting and d is m o u ntin g
r e e l s o r disks on s p e c i f i e d units o r d r i v e s .

and

error

d e s ig n a te d tape

in d ic a tio n s

- E xa m in in g ta p e s , c a r d s , o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l f o r c r e a s e s ,
o r ot h e r d e fe c ts wh ich could cause p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s .

and

tears,

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s w o r k e r s (1 ) who m o n i t o r and o p e r a t e a
c o n t r o l c on so le ( s e e c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r ) o r a r e m o t e t e r m i n a l , o r (2) wh os e
duties a r e l i m i t e d to o p e r a ti n g d e c o l l a t e r s , b u r s t e r s , s e p a r a t o r s , o r s i m i l a r
equip m en t.

le v el operators.

46

COM PUTER D ATA LIB R A R IA N

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN

M a in t a in s l i b r a r y o f m e d i a (t ap e s , d is ks , c a r d s , c a s s e t t e s ) used
f o r a u tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g ap p lic a tio n s . The f o llo w in g o r s i m i l a r duties
c h a r a c t e r i z e the w o r k o f a c o m p u t e r data l i b r a r i a n : C l a s s i f y i n g , c a ta l o g i n g ,
and s t o r i n g m e d i a in a c c o r d a n c e w ith a sta n d a rd ize d s y s t e m ; upon p r o p e r
r e q u e s t s , r e l e a s i n g m e d i a f o r p r o c e s s i n g ; mainta in in g r e c o r d s o f r e l e a s e s
and r e t u rn s ; i n s p e c t i n g r e t u r n e d m e d i a f o r dam age o r e x c e s s i v e w e a r to
d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r o r not th e y n e e d r e p l a c i n g . M a y p e r f o r m m i n o r r e p a i r s
to d a m a g e d ta p e s .

W o r k s on v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e quip m en t and r e la te d d e v ic e s
by p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c om b in atio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n s ta llin g , m ainta ining,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , tr o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c o n stru c tin g, and te s ting .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l ap p lic a tio n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a lf u n c tio n s , and s k i l l to put equipment in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a ti n g con dition.

DRAFTER
C l a s s A . P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n ta ti o n o f c o m p l e x i te m s having
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d ra ft in g
p receden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e sup por t w ith the design o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n ch an ge s . A n a l y z e s the e f fe c t o f e a c h change on the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu nction, and p o s i ti o n a l r ela tion sh ip s o f c om p onen ts and
p a r t s . W o r k s w i t h a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p l e t e d w o r k
is r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y with p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s . M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d ir e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y
lo w e r l e v e l d ra fters.
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s nonroutin e and c o m p l e x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n ts
that r e q u i r e the a p p l i c a t i o n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd ize d d r a w i n g te c h n iqu e s
r e g u l a r l y used.
Duties t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w orking
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r shap es, m u ltip le functio ns, and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n com p onen ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a buil din g in cludin g d etail d r a w in g s o f foun d a­
t i o n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m anua ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y com putations to d e t e r m i n e qu antities o f
m a t e r i a l s to be u s e d , loa d c a p a c i t i e s , s tr en g th s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R eceives
i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C om pleted
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l adequ ac y.
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d ra w in g s o f single units o r p a r ts f o r
e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n , m an u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
T yp e s of
d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (d epictin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f com pon ents
and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C on s o lid a te s d eta ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and adjusts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s t e d m ethod s o f
a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on sourc e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n
w i t h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . In s tr u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e when a s s ig n m e n ts
r e c u r . W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .

D R A F TE R -TR A C E R
C o p ie s pla ns and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d by others by p l a c i n g t r a c i n g
c loth o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s not
in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to pla ns p r i m a r i l y c o n sis tin g of s t r a i g h t l in e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n . )

T h e equip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f fe r e n t kinds o f c irc u its
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e kind o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to , the fo l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g equipment (e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a id s ), (b) d ig it a l and
an alo g c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r i n g and c o n tro llin g
equip m en t.
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standard e l e c t r o n i c
equip m en t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h i n e s and household rad io and t e l e v i s i o n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s wh os e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; te c h n ic ia n s who ha ve a d m in is tr a tiv e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .
Positions
d e fin ition s :

are c la ssified

into

l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the f o llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p l i e s ad vanced t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th ose that t y p i c a l l y cannot be s o lv e d s o l e l y by
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anuals o r s i m i l a r d oc u m e n ts ) in w o rk in g on
e l e c t r o n i c e quip m en t.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s include lo c a tio n and
d e n s ity o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d ia tio n , is o l a t i n g m alf u n c tio n s , and
f re q u e n t e n g i n e e r i n g chan ges. W o r k i n v o l v e s :
A d e ta ile d understanding o f
the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g independent judgment in p e r ­
f o r m i n g such tas k s as m a k in g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , ca lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r e la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y using c o m p le x te st i n ­
s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , dual t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e via tion m e t e r s ,
p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d by s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay provide
t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th ose that t y p i c a l l y can be s o l v e d s o l e l y by p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anuals o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k in g on
e l e c t r o n i c equip m en t. W o r k i n v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s equence and in s e le c tin g
to o l s and t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s , u sually l e s s c o m p l e x than th ose used by the
c la s s A te c h n icia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l gu id an c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e with ac c e pted
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

AND/OR
C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
routine tas k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c equ ip m en t, f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d i n ­
s tr u c tio n s w h ich c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e s such

P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d ra w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .




47

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N — Continued

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N — Con tinued

tasks as: A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n ts , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and using t o o l s and c o m m o n te s t i n s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s i g n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
not r e q u i r e d to b e f a m i l i a r w i t h th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (inclu d in g c l a s s r o o m t r a i n i n g ) so that w o r k e r can ad vance
to h i g h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

e qu ip m en t; w o r k in g
w irin g or e le ctric a l
and m e a s u r i n g and
te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n
th ro u gh a f o r m a l

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y spot c h e c k e d , but is g i v e n d e t a i l e d
r e v i e w when new o r ad v a n c e d a s s i g n m e n t s a r e i n v o l v e d .
R E G IS TE R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e wh o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e un der g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id en t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Duties i n v o l v e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; atten ding to subseq uent d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f patie nts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m in a tio n s and health e v a lu a tio n s o f
applican ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and pla nning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g
health ed ucatio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v i r o n m e n t , o r
ot h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the h e alth , w e l f a r e , and s a f e ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l .
N u rs in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u rs e a r e e x c lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R
P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to c on s t ru c t and m a in ta in
in good r e p a i r b uild in g w o o d w o r k and e qu ip m en t such as b in s , c r i b s , coun ters,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ;
using a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d too ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s tan da rd
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s tan da rd shop com p utatio ns r e l a t i n g to d i ­
m e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k . In g e n ­
e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and
e x p e r i e n c e u suall y a c q u i r e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu nctions such as the i n ­
s ta lla t io n , m a i n te n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e quip m en t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i ­
bution, o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s
m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l
equip m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , he atin g units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n equ ip m en t; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b l e in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r




standard com p u tatio n s r e l a t i n g to loa d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
equip m ent; and using a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s handtools
te s ti n g in s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n ­
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u all y a c q u i r e d
ap p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r
pain ting b y r e m o v i n g old fin is h o r by p l a c i n g putty o r f i l l e r in n a i l h oles
and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and applyin g paint w i t h s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite lead , and o t h e r paint i n g r e d i e n t s to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n ­
s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s rou nded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M AC H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l equipm ent o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t of the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i f i c a ­
t io n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ' s handt o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g s tan da rd
m a c h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g sta n da rd
shop com puta tions r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , and s p ee d s
o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n m e t a l s ;
s e l e c t i n g standard m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r th is w o r k ;
and f ittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p arts into m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l , the
m a c h i n i s t ' s w o rk n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a roun ded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e usually a c q u ir e d th rough a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E CH A N IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e quip m en t to diagnose s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n tl i n g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the use o f handtools in
s c r a p i n g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s
ob ta in e d f r o m stock; o r d e r i n g the p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m ac h in e shop o r sending the m a c h in e to a m a c h i n e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m ac h in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k in g a l l
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u sually
a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x ­
p erience.
E xc lu d e d f r o m this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
duties i n v o l v e settin g up o r adjustin g m a c h i n e s .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o ti v e
equ ip m en t to diagnose s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t and p e r ­
f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the use o f such hand to ols a s ' w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,

M AIN TEN AN CE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)— Continued

M AINTENANCE TRADES H ELPER

d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fittin g p a r ts ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m stock; g rin d in g and adjusting v a l v e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b l i n g and i n s t a l l i n g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m ak in g
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and alig n in g w h e e l s , adjusting b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r
ti g h te n i n g b od y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m ain te n an c e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u i r e d th ro u gh
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m ainte n anc e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as keeping a
w o r k e r supplie d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le anin g w o r k i n g a r e a , m achine,
and equip m en t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n by holding m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n sk ille d ta s k s as d i r e c t e d by jo u r n e y m a n .
The kind o f
w o r k the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to tr a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s the h e l p e r is con fin ed to supplyin g, l i f t i n g , and holding m a t e r i a l s
and t o o l s , and cle an in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r ts o f a t r a d e that a r e also
p e r f o r m e d by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

T h is
c la s s ific a tio n d o e s
not i n c l u d e
c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r shops.

m e c h a n ic s

who

rep air

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )

In s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , g as, o r o t h e r ty p es o f p ip e and
p i p e f i t t in g s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of the f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s itio n o f pipe f r o m d ra w in g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cutting v a r i o u s s i z e s o f pip e to c o r r e c t leng ths w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p ip e- c u t tin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
p ip e w ith sto c k s and d i e s ; bendin g pipe by h a n d - d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w i t h couplin gs and faste nin g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k i n g sta n d a rd shop c om p u tatio n s r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s ta n d a rd te s ts to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r fi n i s h e d p ip es
m eet sp ecificatio n s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n an c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e us uall y a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g build ing sanitation o r heating s y s t e m s
a re exclu d ed .

S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a ti n g one o r m o r e than one type o f m achine
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , engine lathe, m i l l i n g m achine) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r use in m ak in g o r m ain ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ies o r m o ld s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
n on m etallic m a te r ia l (e.g., pla stic, p la s te r, rubber, glass).
W ork typica lly
i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f fi c u l t m ac h in in g o p e r a tio n s which
r e q u i r e c o m p l i c a t e d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; setting up m achine
t o o l o r to o ls ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cutting to o l s and adjust g u id e s , stops, w o rk in g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n tr o ls to handle the s i z e o f stock to be m ac hined;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n sequence o r s e l e c t
th o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p r in ts , o r l a y o u t s ); using a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y ad justm ents during
m ac h in in g o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c lo s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r coolants and cutting and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e when to o ls need d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u sually a c q u i r e d th rough c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b train in g and
ex p erien ce.

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m ain ta in s in good r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f i x t u r e s (s uc h as m ac h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pans, s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , tan k s, v e n t i l a t o r s , ch u tes , ducts, m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and l a y in g out all ty p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r in ts , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a ­
t i o n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a ila b le ty p es of s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools in cutting, bending, f o r m i n g , shaping,
f i t t i n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and in s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d . In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s roun ded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M IL L W R IG H T
In s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r he av y equip m ent, and d i s m a n tl e s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e qu ip m en t when changes in the plant layout a r e
r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la nn ing and l a y in g out w o r k ;
i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools
and r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s tan da rd shop com putations r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , s tr en gth
o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; ali g n in g and b ala n cin g equip m en t;
s e l e c t i n g sta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r ts to be used; and in s t a l l i n g and
m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n equip m en t such as d r i v e s and
speed red u cers.
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .




F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not
in clud e m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jobbing
shops.
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C on s tru c ts and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , g aug es, o r
m e t a l d ies o r m o l d s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., p la stic, p la s te r, rubber, g la s s).
W o rk typ ica lly in v o lv e s :
P la n n in g and l a y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d ra w in g s , o r
o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; understa nding the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to c o m p l e t e task; m ak in g n e c e s s a r y shop computations;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g v a r i o u s m a c h in e to o ls and r e l a t e d equipment; using
v a r i o u s t o o l and die m a k e r ' s handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s tru m e n ts ;
w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r ts and fin is h e d tools
and d ie s to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p arts to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and die m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s rounded tr a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u ally a c q u i r e d th ro u gh f o r m a l a p p r e n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and
exp erien ce.
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not
in c lu d e t o o l and die m a k e r s who (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jobbing
shops o r (2) p ro d u c e f o r g i n g d ie s (die s i n k e r s ) .

STATIONARY ENGINEER

SH IPPER AND RECEIVER— Continued

O p e r a t e s and m ain ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s and equ ip m en t (m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o supply the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r con dit io nin g. W o r k i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t i n g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m en t such as
s te a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t, s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pum ps;
m ak ing e qu ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l con su m ption.
M a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e th e s e o p e r a t i o n s .
H ead o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r
are excluded.

R e c e i v e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the fo l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f i n c o m i n g sh ip m en ts b y c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and
qu antities unloaded again st b i l l s o f l a d in g , i n v o i c e s , m a n i f e s t s , s t o r a g e
r e c e i p t s , o r ot h e r r e c o r d s ; ch e c k in g f o r d a m a g e d g ood s ; in s u r in g that
goods a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y i d e n t i f i e d f o r r outin g to d e p a r tm e n ts w ith in the
e s ta b lis h m e n t; p r e p a r i n g and k e ep in g r e c o r d s o f g ood s r e c e i v e d .

S h ip per
R eceiver
S h ip pe r and r e c e i v e r

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e d w ith heat, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and checks w a t e r and
s a fe ty v a l v e s . M a y c le an , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m equip m en t.

Material Movement and Custodial
TRUCKDR1VER
D r i v e s a tr u c k w ith in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p e s o f
e s ta b l i s h m e n ts such as: M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts, f r e i g h t de po ts , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' ho uses o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a l s o lo a d o r un load tr u c k
w ith o r with out h e l p e r s , m ak e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p tr u c k in
good w o r k i n g o r d e r .
S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,
rate d c a p a c ity o f tr u c k , as f o l l o w s :

tru ck drivers

are

c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e and

T r u c k d r i v e r , li g h t tru c k
(s t r a i g h t t r u c k , under I V 2 tons, u s u a lly 4 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m tru c k
(s t r a i g h t t r u c k , IV 2 to 4 tons i n c l u s i v e , u sually 6 w h e e l s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y tr u c k
(s t r a i g h t tr u c k , o v e r 4 to n s , u suall y 10 w h e e l s )
T ru ck d rive r, tr a c to r -tr a ile r
S H IP P E R AND R E C E IV E R
P e r f o r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y s i c a l ta s k s in c on n e c tion w ith shipping
goods o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ich e m p l o y e d and r e c e i v i n g i n c o m in g
shipm ents .
In p e r f o r m i n g d a y - t o - d a y , routine t a s k s , f o l l o w s e s t a b l i s h e d
g u id e lin e s . In ha ndling unusual nonroutin e p r o b l e m s , r e c e i v e s s p e c i f i c g u id ­
ance f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r o t h e r o f f i c i a l s .
M a y d i r e c t and c o o rd in a te the
a c t i v i t i e s o f o t h e r w o r k e r s e n g a g e d in handling goods to be ship ped o r b ein g
received.
S h ip p e r s t y p i c a l l y a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r m o s t o f the fo l l o w i n g :
V e r i f y i n g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e l y f i l l e d b y c o m p a r i n g i t e m s and qu antities
o f goods g a t h e r e d f o r s h ip m en t ag ain s t d ocum ents ; i n s u r i n g that shipm ents
are p r o p e r l y p a c k a g e d , i d e n t i f i e d w it h shipping i n f o r m a t i o n , and lo a d e d into
tr a n s p o r t i n g v e h i c l e s ; p r e p a r i n g and k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f good s ship p ed, e . g . ,
m a n i f e s t s , b i l l s o f la din g.




F o r w ag e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s i n g duties w h ich r e q u i r e
an understanding o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) a g a in s t r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n ts , noting and r e p o r tin g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and ob v iou s d a m a g e s ; routin g
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s ta c k in g , o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in ac c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
ta k in g i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m i n i n g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and r e ­
p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a ge ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r shipment. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr u c k s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g duties.

E xclu d e w o r k e r s wh os e p r i m a r y duties i n v o l v e shipping and r e ­
c e i v i n g w o r k ( s e e Sh ip per and R e c e i v e r and Ship pin g P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d goods f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r ot h e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in ad d ition to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n ­
d ic a tin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tgo ing o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n
a d d ition al stock o r r e p o r t s h o rt s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r
r e l a t e d duties.

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p ro d ucts f o r sh ip m en t o r s t o r a g e by p l a c i n g t h e m
in shippin g c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g dependent
upon the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p l o y e d , and m eth od o f shipm en t. W o r k r e q u i r e s the p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in
ship ping c on tain e r s and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e
o f v a r i o u s ite m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e
ty p e and s i z e of c on ta in e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n ta i n e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g
c on ta in e r ; and applyin g la b e ls o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g data on c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s who also m ak e wo od en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A T E R IA L HANDLING LABO RER

GUARD— Continued

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u fac tu rin g p lant, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e duties i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and un lo ading v a r i o u s r tia te r ia ls and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; unpacking, s h e l v i n g , o r p l a c i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c atio n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y handtr uck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who lo a d and unload s h ip s , a r e e x c l u d e d .

G uards e m p l o y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h p r o v i d e p r o t e c t i v e
v i c e s on a c o n tra c t b a s i s a r e in c lu d e d in th is occup atio n.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , guards a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l l o w s :

C l a s s A . E n f o r c e s r e g u l a t i o n s d e s i g n e d to p r e v e n t b r e a c h e s o f
secu rity.
E x e r c i s e s ju d g m e n t and uses d i s c r e t i o n in d e a lin g w ith e m e r ­
g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s e n c o u n te r e d .
D eterm in es whether firs t
r e s p o n s e should be to i n t e r v e n e d i r e c t l y (as k ing f o r a s s i s t a n c e when d e e m e d
n e c e s s a r y and t i m e a l l o w s ) , to k e e p situation un der s u r v e i l l a n c e , o r to r e ­
p o r t situ atio n so that it can be handled by a p p r o p r i a t e au thority .
Duties
r e q u i r e s p e c i a l i z e d t r a i n i n g in m ethod s and te c h n iq u e s o f p r o t e c t i n g s e c u r i t y
areas.
C o m m o n l y , the g u a r d is r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s t r a t e continuing p h y s i c a l
f i t n e s s and p r o f i c i e n c y w ith f i r e a r m s o r o t h e r s p e c i a l w e a p o n s .

P O W E R -TR U C K O PE R A TO R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a l l y c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u f a c tu r i n g p la nt, o r o t h e r e s ta b l i s h m e n t.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
t r u c k , as f o l l o w s :

ser­

C lass B .
C a r r i e s out in s tr u c tio n s p r i m a r i l y o r i e n t e d t o w a r d i n ­
s u r in g that e m e r g e n c i e s and s e c u r i t y v i o l a t i o n s a r e r e a d i l y d i s c o v e r e d and
r e p o r t e d to a p p r o p r i a t e authority . I n t e r v e n e s d i r e c t l y on ly in situations wh ich
r e q u i r e m i n i m a l a c tio n to s a f e g u a r d p r o p e r t y o r p e r s o n s .
Duties r e q u i r e
m in im a l training.
C o m m o n l y , the g u ard is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s tr a te
p h y s i c a l f i t n e s s . M a y be a r m e d , but g e n e r a l l y is not r e q u i r e d to d e m o n s tr a te
p r o f i c i e n c y in the use o f f i r e a r m s o r s p e c i a l w e ap on s .

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r -

F o rk lift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
C lea ns and k e ep s in an o r d e r l y con dition f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm e n t house, o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . Duties i n v o l v e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : S w ee p in g ,
m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g chips, t r a s h , and o t h e r
r e f u s e ; dusting e q u ip m e n t, f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p li es and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le anin g
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e in win do w
w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r t y f r o m th eft o r d a m a g e , o r p e r s o n s f r o m h a z a r d s
o r in terfe re n c e .
D uties i n v o l v e s e r v i n g at a f ix e d p ost, m a k in g rounds on
fo o t o r b y m o t o r v e h i c l e , o r e s c o r t i n g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r t y . M a y be d epu tiz ed
to m a k e
arrests.
M a y a ls o h e lp v i s i t o r s and c u s t o m e r s b y a n s w e r in g
q u e s ti o n s and g i v i n g d i r e c t i o n s .




51

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The follo w in g areas are s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r use in a d m i n ­
i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t ra c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u r v e y re s u lt s a r e pub ­
l i s h e d in r e l e a s e s w h ic h a r e a v a i l a ­
b l e , at no c o s t, w h i l e suppli es la st
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s
shown on the b ack c o v e r .
A lask a (statew ide)
A lb a n y , Ga.
A l e x a n d r i a —L e e s v i l l e , La.
A lp e n a — andish— a w a s C i t y , M ic h .
St
T
Ann A r b o r , M ic h.
A t l a n t i c C i t y , N.J.
A ugusta , G a.—
S.C .
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif.
B ato n R ou g e , L a .
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B eaum ont—P o r t Arth u r—O r a n g e , T e x .
B e a u m o n t - P o r t Arth u r—O r a n g e
and L a k e C h a r l e s , T e x . —L a .
B i l o x i —G u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u l a —
M oss P oin t, M is s.
B in g h am ton , N . Y .
B irm in g h a m , A la.
B l o o m i n g to n —V i n c e n n e s , Ind.
B r e m e r t o n — elto n , W ash .
Sh
B r u n s w i c k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p id s , I o w a
Cham p aign—Urb ana—Rantoul, 111.
C h a r l e s t o n —N o r t h C h a r l e s t o n —
W a l t e r b o r o , S.C .
C h a r lo tt e —G a s to n ia , N .C .
Cheyen ne, W y o.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n . —K y.
C o l o r a d o S p r i n g s , C olo.
C olu m b ia — u m t e r , S.C.
S
C olum b us, Ga.—A l a .
C olum bus, M i s s .
D e c a tu r , 111.
Des M o i n e s , I o w a
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M inn.—W is .
S
E l P a s o — l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s ,
A
T e x . —N. M e x .
Eugen e— p r i n g f i e l d —M e d f o r d , O r e g .
S
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .




F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o l l y w o o d
and W e s t P a l m B e a c h —
B o c a R ato n, F l a .
F o r t S m it h , A r k . — k la .
O
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s town—
C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d .—Pa.
G o l d s b o r o , N .C .
Gran d Isla nd —H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
G uam , T e r r i t o r y o f
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a .
K n o x v i l l e , T enn.
Laredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s —T on op ah , N e v .
L i m a , O hio
L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k .
L o g a n s p o r t — e r u , Ind.
P
L o r a i n —E l y r i a , O hio
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d - V a . —D el.
M a c o n , Ga.
M adison, W is.
M aine (statew ide)
M a n s f i e l d , O hio
M c A l l e n —P h a r r —E d in b urg
and B rowns v i l l e —H a r l i n g e n —
San B e n i t o , T e x .
M erid ia n , M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , M on m outh , and
O c e an C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e —P e n s a c o l a —P a n a m a C ity ,
A l a . —F l a .
M on tana ( s t a t e w i d e )
N a s h v i l l e —D a v id s o n , Tenn.
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C .
N e w H a m p s h i r e (s t a t e w i d e )
N e w Lon don —N o r w i c h , Conn.—R .I.
N o r t h Dakota ( s t a t e w i d e )
Northern New Y o r k
N orthw est Texas
O rlando, F la.
O x n a r d — i m i V a l l e y —V e n tu r a , C a lif.
S
P e o r i a , 111.
P hoen ix, A r i z .
P i n e B l u f f, A r k .
P u e b l o , C o lo .
P u erto R ico
R a l e i g h —D u r h a m , N .C .
Reno, N e v .
S a lin a , K ans .

S a lin as— as id e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
Se
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r i a —
L o m p o c , C alif.
Savannah, Ga.
S e l m a , A la.
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
South Dakota (s ta te w id e )
Southern Idaho
So uthwe st V i r g i n i a
Spokane, Wash.
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
Stockton, C ali f.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , Kans.
T u c s on —D o u g l a s , A r i z .
T u l s a , Okla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ic h.
V e r m o n t (s ta te w id e )
V i r g i n Islands o f the U.S.
W a c o and K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o —C ed a r F a l l s , Io wa
W e s t V i r g i n i a ( s ta te w id e )
W i c h i t a F a l l s —Law ton —A l t u s ,
Tex.—
Okla.
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N.J .—Md.
Y ak im a—Richlan d— e n n e w ic k —
K
P e n d le to n , W ash .— r e g .
O

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
ac c ou n tan ts , a u d i to r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t­
ants, a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c ­
to rs of person nel, bu yers, chem ists,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g te c h n icia n s ,
d ra ft e r s , a n d c l e r ic a l em p lo yees
is a v a i l a b l e .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 1980, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o ­
fe ss io n a l, A d m in is tra tiv e , Tech n ical
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1977, $ 2 .4 0
a c o p y , f r o m any o f the B L S r e ­
g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the
b ack c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r i n ­
te ndent o f D o c u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n ­
m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a sh in g ton ,
D .C . 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t b u ll e tin s a v a i l a b l e is p re s e n te d b e lo w .
B u ll e tin s
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on th e bac k
c o v e r , o r f r o m the Su perin te n den t o f D ocum ents , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D .C . 20402.
M ak e che cks payable to Superintendent o f
D o c u m e n ts .
A d i r e c t o r y o f oc c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g the y e a r s
1970 th ro u gh 1976, is a v a i l a b l e on req u e st.

Area

B u l l e ti n number
and p r i c e *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1977----------------------------------------------------- 1950-70,
A lb a n y —Schenectady—T r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1977 --------------------- 1950-52,
A n a h e i m —Santa Ana—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O ct. 1977_________________________________________________ 1950-60,
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1978 1--------------------------------------------------2025-28,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1977______________________________________ 1950-39,
B i l l i n g s , M o n t . , July 1977 1 ----------------------------------------------- 1950-40,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1978__________________________________ 2025-15,
B o s to n , M a s s . , A u g . 1977 ------------------------------------------------- 1950-50,
B u f fa l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1977 ................— -.......................................... 1950-58,
Canton, O h io , M a y 1978_________________________________________
2025-22,
C hattano og a, T e n n .—G a ., Sept. 1977 ---------------------------------- 1950-44,
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1977 1................................................................ 1950-41,
C in c in n a ti, O hio —K y . —Ind., July 1 9 7 7 1 -----------------------------1950-45,
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , Sept. 1977 1 -------------------------------------------- 1950-53,
C olu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1977------------------------------------------------ 1950-64,
C orpu s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1977 1 _____________________________
1950-35,
D a lla s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t. 1977---------------------------------- 1950-65,
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k Is la n d — o l i n e , Iow a—111., F e b . 1978-------- 20 25 -6 ,
M
D ay ton , O h io , D e c . 1977 1-------------------------------------------------1950-71,
D ayton a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1977 1-------------------------------------1950-43,
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1977 1___________________________ 1950-74,
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1978_______________________________________ 2025-11,
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1977 _______________________________________ 1950-30,
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1977 1------------------------------------------- 1950-46,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1 9 77 ----------------------------------------------- 1950-36,
G r e e n s b o r o — i n s t o n - S a l e m —H i g h P o in t,
W
N . C . , Au g . 1977 1 ............................................................................ 1950-42,
G r e e n v i l l e —S p a r ta n b u rg , S . C . , June 1977 ____________________
1950-33,
H a r t f o r d , Conn., M a r . 1978 1 ___________________________________ 2025-14,
H ou ston, T e x . , A p r . 1978________________________________________ 2025-23,
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1978----------------------------------------------- 2 0 25-4,
I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind ., O c t. 1 977____________________________________ 1950-56,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1978_______________________________________ 2025-1,
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 77__________________________________ 1950-67,
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s . , Sept. 1977---------------------------------- 1950-54,
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , Oct. 1977---------------------- 1950-61,
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —Ind ., N o v . 1 9 7 7 1______________________________
1950-66,
M e m p h i s , T enn.—A r k . —M i s s ., N o v . 1977_____________________ 1950-63,




80 cents
80 cents
$1.00
$1.40
$1.20
$1.00
80 cents
$1.20
$1.00
70 cents
70 cents
$1.40
$1.20
$ 1.4 0
$1.00
$1.00
$ 1 .2 0
70 cents
$1.10
$1.00
$1.40
$1.20
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents
$1.10
70 cents
$1.20
$1.20
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents
70 cents
$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
70 cents

Area

B ull etin number
and p r i c e *

M i a m i , F l a . , O c t. 1977____________________________________ _____
1950-57,
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 7 8 * _________________________________
2025-18,
M i n n e a p o lis —St. P a u l , Minn.—W i s . , Jan. 1978 1_____________ 2025-2,
N a s s a u - S u f f o l k , N . Y . , June 1977 _____________________________
1950-27,
N e w a r k , N .J . , Jan. 1978 1_______________________________________ 2025-7,
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1978........ .................................. ........... 2025-5,
N e w Y o r k , N . Y ^ N . J . , M a y 1977____________ __________ _______ 1950-31,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a N . C . , M a y 1978__________________________________________________ 2025-20,
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h - P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p ton , V a.—N . C . , M a y 1978______________ 2025-21,
H
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , Au g . 1977 1__________________________
1950-38,
O k la h o m a C ity , O k l a . , A u g . 1977 1 ____________________________ 1950-49,
O m ah a, N e b r . —I o w a , O ct. 1977 1 ______________________________
1950-55,
P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1977 _________________ 1950-34,
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a .—N .J . , N o v . 1977____________ _____ __________ 1950-62,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1978_____________________________________ 2025-3,
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D e c . 1977...................... ...............................
1950-69,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1978____________________________ 2025-25,
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1977 _______________________________
1950-25,
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s ton — e w b u r g h , N . Y . , June 1976_______ 1900-55,
N
P r o v i d e n c e — a r w i c k —P a w t u c k e t , R . L —
W
M a s s . , June 1 9 7 8 ........................................................................... 2025-27,
R ic h m o n d , V a . , June 1978______________________________________
2025-26,
2025-13,
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1978_________________________________
S a c r a m e n to , C a l i f . , D ec. 1977 1_____________ ________ _________
1950-72,
Sagin aw, M i c h . , N o v . 1 9 77 .........................................................
1950-59,
Salt L a k e C ity— g d e n , Utah, N o v . 1977______________________
O
1950-68,
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1978___________________________________ 2025-17,
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1977 1_________________________________
1950-73,
San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d, C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1__________________ 2025-10,
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1978 1__________________________________ 2025-9,
S e a t t l e - E v e r e t t , W a s h . , D ec. 1977____________________________ 1950-75,
South Bend, Ind., A u g . 1977 1 _____________________ ____________
1950-51,
T o l e d o , O h i o - M i c h . , M a y 1 9 7 8 * _______________________________ 2025-24,
T r e n t o n , N .J . , Sept. 1977_______________________________________ 1950-47,
Utic ar-R om e , N . Y . , July 1 9 7 7 1 . . . ........................ ....................... 1950-37,
W a sh in g ton , D.C.—Md.—V a . , M a r . 1978 1 ____________________
2025-12,
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1978______________________________________ 2025-16,
2025-19,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1 9 7 8 1 _______________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 8 1. ___________ ______________________________ 2025-8,

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

$1.00
$1.40
$1.40
$1.00
$1.40
$1.00
$1.20
70 cents
80 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.10
70 cents
$1.20
$1.10
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents
55 cents
$1.40
80 cents
$1.20
$1.00
70 cents
80 cents
70 cents
$1.10
$1.40
$1.20
80 cents
$1.10
$1.20
70 cents
$1.10
$1.40
80 cents
$1.10
$1.10

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail
Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region lit

Region IV

1603 JF K Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone:223-6761 (Area Code 617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone. 399-5406 (Are aC ode 212)

3535 Market Street,
P .0 Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (Area Code 215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 881 -4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone:353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (A re aC ode 214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102