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x w 3 ;
S

Area
Wage
Survey

Anaheim—-Santa Ana-G arden
Grove, California, Metropolitan
Area, October 1978

Bulletin 2025-65
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Orange

Preface
This bulletin provides results of an October 1978 survey of
occupational earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the Anaheim—
Santa Ana—Garden Grove, C alif., Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual
area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau's regional
office in San Francisco, C alif., under the general direction of Milton Keenan,
Assistant Regional Com missioner for Operations. The survey could not
have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firm s whose
wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in
this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the
cooperation received.
Material in this publication is in the public domain and may be re­
produced without permission of the Federal Government. Please credit the
Bureau of Labor Statistics and cite the name and number of this publication.




Note
A report on occupational earnings and supplementary benefits in
the Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove area is available for the refuse
hauling (October 1978) industry. A lso available for the combined Los
Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove areas are reports
on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the contract
cleaning (July 1977) and the women's and m is s e s ' dresses (August 1977)
industries. Listings of union wage rates for the city of Santa Ana alone
are available for the building trades, printing trades, local-tran sit operating
em ployees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store em ployees.
Free copies of these are available from the Bureau's regional offices. (See
back cover for addresses.)

Area
Wage
Survey

Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden
Grove, California, Metropolitan
Area, October 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

Contents

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Acting Commissioner
February 1979
Bulletin 2025-65

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments, U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D C. 20402, GPO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price $1.30 Make checks payable to Super­
intendent
of Documents




Introduction_______________________________________

Page
2

Tables:
A. Earnings, all establishments:
A - l . Weekly earnings of office workers__ 3
A -2 . Weekly earnings of professional
and technical workers_____________ 5
A -3 . Average weekly earnings of
office, professional, and
technical workers, by s e x ________ 7
A -4. Hourly earnings of maintenance,
toolroom, and powerplant
9
workers____________________________
A - 5. Hourly earnings of material
movement and custodial workers__10
A - 6. Average hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and
custodial workers, by s e x _________ H
A -7 . Percent increases in average
hourly earnings, adjusted for
employment shifts, for selected
occupational groups________________ 12

Page
Appendix A. Scope and method of survey________ 13
Appendix B. Occupational descriptions___________ 17

Introduction
This area is 1 of 75 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's Bu­
reau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and re ­
lated benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area,
occupational earnings data (A -se r ie s tables) are collected annually. Infor­
mation on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B series tables) is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been com ­
pleted, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data
for each metropolitan area surveyed; the second presents national and re ­
gional estim ates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska
and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need
to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets,
through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation,
and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level.
The program develops information that may be used for many purposes,
including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and a s ­
sistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the
U.S. Department of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service
Contract Act of 1965.
A -se r ie s tables
Tables A - l through A -6 provide estimates of straight-tim e weekly
or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries.
For the 31 largest survey
areas, tables A -8 through A -1 3 provide sim ilar data for establishments
employing 500 workers or m ore.




Table A -7 provides percent changes in average hourly earnings of
office clerical workers, electronic data processing w orkers, industrial
nurses, skilled maintenance trades w orkers, and unskilled plant workers.
Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing
and nonmanufacturing separately.
Data are not presented for skilled main­
tenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers em ­
ployed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant
separate presentation.
This table provides a measure of wage trends after
elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts
among establishments as well as turnover of establishments included in
survey samples.
For further details, see appendix A.
B -series

ta b le s

Th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e
s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d ty p is t s a nd c l e r k s ; l a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s and
p r a c t i c e s f o r p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g ; and data
s e p a r a t e l y f o r p r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s a nd o f f i c e w o r k e r s on s c h e d ­
u le d w e e k l y h o u rs and da ys o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a ­
t i o n s ; health, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ; and m o r e d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n
on l i f e i n s u r a n c e pla n s .

Appendixes
A p p e n d i x A d e s c r i b e s th e m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in t h e a r e a
wage survey p rog ra m .
It p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on th e s c o p e o f th e a r e a
s u r v e y , the a r e a ' s i n d u s t r i a l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r i n g , and l a b o r management agreem ent cov era g e.

Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field econ­
omists to classify workers by occupation.

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
Weekly earnlngs^^™
(standard)
O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
woiken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e we e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
%

-

105
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

110

all

s

t

s

s

s

%

s

s

$

s

*

S

%

s

S

*

%

%

%

S

110

120

130

1 40

150

1 60

170

180

190

2 00

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

120

130

140

150

160

1 70

180

190

200

220

240

2 60

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

2
1
1

10
10
-

29
3
26
“

51
22
29

135
62
73

201
93
108

251
147
104
3

668
365
303
5

531
295
236
5

458
305
153
6

402
295
107
8

337
278
59
16

340
306
34
5

83
75
8
i

21
7
14
2

2
2
-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

17
9
8

33
10
23

6
4
2

49
19
30

18
7
ii

31
28
3

24
24

13
3
10

_

_

-

-

-

-

89
50
39

148
105
43

115
86
29

109
88
21

91
86
5

45
43
2

4
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

4

-

8
8

2
2
-

and
under

workers

$
2 40 .5 0
2 50 .0 0
2 2 3 .5 0
2 69 .0 0

$
2 35 .0 0
2 49 .0 0
218 .0 0
2 78 .5 0

$
$
2 0 5 .0 0 -2 7 7 .0 0
2 1 2 .0 0 -2 9 1 .0 0
1 95 .5 0 -2 4 9 .5 0
2 3 9 .5 0 -2 9 5 .0 0

193
106
87

39. 5 2 7 9 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 91 .0 0
38. 5 2 6 5 .0 0

274 .0 0
3 05.00
2 67 .0 0

2 3 6 .0 0 -3 1 8 .5 0
2 6 1 .5 0 -3 2 0 .0 0
2 2 2 .0 0 -2 9 9 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B -------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G ------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------

623
463
160

39. 5 2 7 2 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 7 7 .5 0
3 8 .5 2 5 5 .5 0

267 .0 0
275 .0 0
2 56 .5 0

2 4 8 .5 0 -2 9 7 .5 0
2 5 1 .0 0 -3 0 5 .0 0
2 3 3 .0 0 -2 6 9 .5 0

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C -------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------

1 .2 9 6
1 .0 29
267

39.5
40.0
38.5

2 47 .0 0
2 53 .5 0
2 2 0 .0 0

2 41 .0 0
252 .5 0
2 13 .5 0

2 1 4 .0 0 -2 7 7 .0 0
2 2 0 .0 0 -2 9 3 .0 0
1 9 7 .5 0 -2 4 1 .0 0

~

-

“

~

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S D -------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------

673
347
326

3 9. 5 2 3 0 .5 0
39. 5 2 3 7 .5 0
3 9. 5 2 2 3 .0 0

2 20 .0 0
227 .0 0
213 .0 0

2 0 0 .0 0 -2 6 7 .5 0
2 0 4 .0 0 -2 7 6 .5 0
1 9 3 .5 0 -2 4 0 .5 0

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S E -------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------

4 02
167
235

39.5
3 9.5
3 9.5

2 0 2 .5 0
1 94 .0 0
2 0 9 .0 0

200 .0 0
1 90 .0 0
209 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0 -2 1 7 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0 -2 0 7 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0 -2 2 2 .5 0

-

S T E N OG RA PH E RS ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------

467
224
243

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

2 15 .5 0
2 3 0 .0 0
2 0 2 .5 0

217 .0 0
225 .0 0
2 05 .5 0

1 8 6 .0 0 -2 5 2 .5 0
2 0 0 .0 0 -2 7 0 .5 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 1 7 .0 0

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . GE NER AL --------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------

176
140

4 0 .0 2 03 .0 0
39. 5 1 97 .5 0

215 .5 0
2 12.00

1 77 .5 0 -2 1 7 .0 0
1 72 .5 0 -2 1 7 .0 0

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N IO R -----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------

291
188
103

4 0.0
39.5
4 0.0

2 23 .5 0
2 3 1 .5 0
2 0 9 .0 0

2 25 .0 0
225 .0 0
1 98.00

1 9 6 .0 0 -2 5 2 .5 0
2 0 0 .0 0 -2 7 2 .5 0
1 67 .0 0 -2 5 2 .5 0

-

TR ANSCR IBIN G-M ACH INE T Y P I S T S
N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------

117
102

3 8. 0 1 62 .5 0
3 8 .0 1 62 .0 0

1 67 .0 0
1 64 .0 0

1 50 .5 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0 -1 7 2 .5 0

-

-

-

T Y P I S T S ---------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------

1 .0 7 6
400
676

39. 0 1 66 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 73 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 61 .5 0

160 .0 0
1 67 .0 0
156 .0 0

1 44 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 46 .0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 8 0 .0 0

-

10
10

77
16
61

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A -------------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------- ---------------

290
66
224

3 9.0 1 9 5 .5 0
40. 0 2 2 2 .0 0
38. 5 1 8 7 .5 0

1 88.00
219 .5 0
1 86 .0 0

1 6 8 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0 -2 6 9 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0

-

-

-

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B -------------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------

786
334
452

39. 0 1 55 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 63 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 48 .5 0

1 50.00
1 61 .0 0
1 46 .0 0

1 39 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
1 43 .0 0 -1 7 7 .0 0
1 37 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

-

*

F I L E C L E R K S ---------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------

628
122
506

38. 5 138 .0 0
4 0. 0 148 .0 0
3 8 .0 1 3 5 .5 0

133 .0 0
133 .0 0
1 32 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 4 4 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 6 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

48
48

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G ------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C TU R IN G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

3 .5 23
2 .2 58
1 .2 65
51

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A -------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G ------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------

39.5
4 0.0
39. 0
4 0.0

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

~

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

67
44
23

2 52
171
81

220
171
49

184
154
30

170
142
28

111
100
11

192
192
-

-

4
4
-

26

6

_

_

26

6

“

“

“

23
1
22

B
2
6

26
10
16

48
19
29

55
25
30

171
90
81

93
38
55

69
35
34

52
43
9

95
83
12

6
6

2
2
~

19
16
3

26
16
10

79
48
31

63
29
34

117
36
81

59
13
46

13
2
ii

16
5
11

2

_

-

-

_
_

2

-

-

4
i
3

26
4
22

39
10
29

32
1
31

39
4
35

40
39
1

105
38
67

60
56
4

54
7
47

23
23

2
1

12
12

13
12

24
23

22
21

4
-

76
64

5
1

6
2

-

2
2

14
4
10

26
9
17

8
8

17
3
14

36
35
1

29
26
3

55
52
3

48
3
45

22
18

6
6

20
20

23
23

24
21

12
4

10
10

-

-

-

113
52
61

191
55
136

144
43
101

130
42
88

93
67
26

128
42
86

23
13
10

115
24
91

20
14
6

14
3
11

61
7
54

30
8
22

42
2
40

12
2
10

92
11
81

14
8
6

6
6

23
13
10

6
6

3
3

4
4

-

-

-

_

2

-

-

13
3
10

i
i

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
13
23

48
26
22

-

-

1

18
3
15

1
1

2
2

~
-

”
10
10

77
16
61

113
52
61

191
55
1 36

130
40
90

69
35
34

63
59
4

86
40
46

11
11

91

40
2
38

2 15
69
146

130
12
118

52
11
41

12
6
6

9
9

5
3
2

3
3

91

3

-

1
1

-

-

-

1

-

”
-

1
1

-

“
-

-

-

~

-

-

-

“

“

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




-

-

~

7
3
4

5
-

43
39
4
7
4

18
18
-

36
36
-

-

-

-

9
9

15
15

-

-

8
8
-

-

2

ii
ii
-

8
8

2
2
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

"

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

_

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-




office workers in Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978— Continued
Number of workers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
of
liken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

120

130

1*0

150

160

170

180

190

200

1 ---------220

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

110

120

130

1*0

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

2*0

2 60

1*0
138

89
83

39
35

7
6

9
-

2
2

-

4
4

~

2
2

-

3
3
-

3
3

-

-

-

3
3
-

“

“

7
2
5

8
3
5

-

6
1
5

-

-

1
1
~

1*
6
8

68
15
53

1*
12
2

8
8
~

9
7
2

10
7
3

*9
*9

2
2
“

~

3
3

-5---------- %
105
110
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
under

f

i

s

S

S

%

*

*

*

---------- *
2*0
260

S

*

S

S

3 *0

360

380

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

2 80

300

320

3 *0

360

380

* 00

*20

$
1 *2 .5 0
1 *1 .0 0

$
139 .0 0
1 38 .0 0

$
$
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 * 6 .0 0
1 32 .0 0 -1 * 4 .0 0

“

15
15

296
96

200

3 8. 5 1 3 1 .5 0
4 0. 0 1 * 1 .5 0
3 8. 0 1 26 .5 0

126 .5 0
133 .0 0
1 18 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 * 1 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 3

48
48

76

*0
2
38

75
67
8

26
6
20

7
7
“

5
5
“

205
59
1 96

3 9 .0 1 * 9 .5 0
4 0. 0 1 6 1 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 *4 .5 0

1 *2 .0 0
157 .5 0
135 .5 0

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 *6 .5 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

-

15
4
ii

44
i
*3

38
7
31

22
6
16

36
1*
22

10
10
-

16
8
a

298
97
201

* 0 .0 1 86 .0 0
* 0 .0 2 0 7 .0 0
3 9. 5 1 7 5 .5 0

180 .0 0
200 .0 0
1 70 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 1 8 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0 -2 3 5 .0 0
1 * 4 .0 0 -2 0 7 .0 0

-

5

1*

10

12
12

5

1*

10

53
8
*5

n

“

29
4
25

2
9

*1
16
25

55*
29*
260

3 9.5
* 0.0
39. 0

1 57 .5 0
1 60 .0 0
150 .0 0

1 4 * .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 *9 .5 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 * 0 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0

-

22
9
13

18
12
6

37
8
29

1*1
67
74

68
*5
23

61
25
36

57
32
25

50
16
3*

19
19
-

-

27
10
17

651
5*7
10*

* 0. 0 2 0 5 .5 0
4 0. 0 1 9 7 .0 0
* 0. 0 2 5 1 .0 0

1 9 * . 50 1 7 2 . 0 0 - 2 3 0 . 0 0
1 90.00 1 7 2 .0 0 -2 1 3 . 0 0
2 54 .0 0 1 9 5 .5 0 -3 0 0 .0 0

“

4
4
“

12
10
2

12
11
1

*i
*i
“

2*
23
1

49
33
16

80
77
3

69
68
1

73
68
5

98
89
9

38
29
9

74
68
6

2
2
~

293
2*5

39. 5 2 2 5 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 0 8 .5 0

203 .5 0
2 01 .5 0

1 8 2 .0 0 -2 6 0 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0 -2 2 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

”

~

*

2*
2*

4
4

16
16

20
20

28
28

23
23

56
56

18
18

30
30

2
2

355
302

* 0.0
* 0.0

188 .5 0
1 8 7 .5 0

186 .0 0
1 85 .0 0

1 6 6 .0 0 -2 0 8 .0 0
1 67 .0 0 -2 0 2 .0 0

-

4
4

12
10

12
11

17
17

20
19

33
17

60
57

*1
*0

50
*5

*2
33

20
11

44
38

.*28
.062
• 366
191

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
4 0.0

1 9 8 .5 0
1 9 * .0 0
2 01 .5 0
2 32 .5 0

1 90 .0 0
1 85 .0 0
1 91 .5 0
2 36 .0 0

1 69 .0 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
1 69 .5 0 -2 0 8 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0 -2 5 1 .0 0

-

3

18
4
14

51
4
47

101
*3
58
“

101
33
68
3

353
183
170
16

257
1*5
112
16

361
166
195
11

253
93
160
7

313
183
130
13

304
102
202
57

64
22
*2
35

100
61
39
2

37
14
23
1

85
9
76
30

9
9

. 0*1
555

2 1 3 .0 0
2 11 .5 0
2 1 5 .0 0

2 00 .0 0
207 .5 0
196 .0 0

1 8 * .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
1 85 .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
1 8 * .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

*86

3 9.5
* 0.0
3 9.0

15
12
3

70
37
33

82
49
33

172
73
99

158
52
106

216
1*3
73

136
88
48

29
21
8

78
57
21

15
1*
1

49
9
*0

,387
507
880

3 9.5
39. 5
39. 5

1 87 .5 0
1 75 .5 0
1 9 * .5 0

178 .5 0
1 72 .5 0
1 82 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 0 4 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 61 .0 0 -2 2 0 .0 0

-

18
4
i*

51
4
47

101
*3
58

86
21
65

2 83
1*6
137

175
96
79

189
93
96

95
*1
5*

97
*0
57

168
i*
15*

35
1
34

22
4
18

22

36

22

36

6
6

3 9. 5 1 97 .5 0
* 0 .0 1 93 .5 0
3 8. 5 2 02 .5 0

1 90 .0 0
1 92 .5 0
190 .0 0

1 73 .0 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
1 7 7 .0 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
1 7 3 .0 0 -2 2 0 .5 0

19
16
3

3

10

60
33
27

65
33
32

31
26
5

*9
19
30

51
32
19

18
16
2

3

7

3

9
9

-

10

10
8
2

7

3

2
1
1

3 9.5
* 0.0
3 9.0
4 0.0

1 84 .0 0
1 87 .5 0
182 .0 0
2 64 .0 0

1 6 5 .0 0 -2 1 8 .5 0
1 67 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
2 0 6 .0 0 -2 6 4 .0 0

5
4
i

46
12
3*

29
4
25
4

76
23
53

20 4
50
15*

83
35
*8
6

1*7
61
86
8

111
26
85

112
5*
58
8

135
22
113
8

21
15
6
5

94
28
66
50

18
10
8
2

337
18*
153
.083
346
737
91

1 64 .0 0
1 68 .0 0
1 5 9 .5 0

1 9 2 .5 0
1 95 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0
2 3 7 .5 0

-

3

3

-

3

-

-

“
-

-

-

4

-

2
2

*

3 20

3 8.5
3 8.0

76

*

300

308
285

-

*

280

~

1

10
10

-

-

-

“

•
-

”
-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

35
16
19

16

16
16
”

32
16

16

-

-

_

~

”

16

-

16

-

-

-

-

~

~

“
~

-

-

“
-

-

a
8
“
8
8

“

-

~

“

~

”

“

-

-

-

“

“

“
-

-

“

-

-

“

~

-

6
6
“

6
6

-

6
6
”

3
3

6

-

6

6
6

6
6

-

-

-

“

”

“

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

4 00

-

”

-

-

"
-

-

-

-

-

-

~

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)
O c c u p a t i o n a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e we ek ly e a rn in g s of—
s

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

%

$

*

*

*

$

*

s

s

s

S

S

S

s

S

s

s

*

$

110

120

130

1 40

150

1 60

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

110

120

130

140

150

160

1 70

180

190

200

2 20

240

2 60

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

-

56
13
43
~

33
13
20
~

75
34
41
6

“

77
25
52
3

123
17
106
1

14
11
3
2

58
26
32
16

12
10
2
2

2
2
“

“

16
4
12
“

65
18
47

”

13
13
4

“

“

4
4
“

~

-

-

~

5
4
i

42
8
34

16
4
12

60
19
41

148
37
111

50
22
28

72
27
45

46
8
38

35
29
6

12
5
7

7
4
3

36
2
34

6
~
6

-

105
and
under

A L L WORKERS—
CONTINUED
KE Y

ENTRY

OP E R A TO R S -

C ONTINUED

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A -------M A N U F A C TU R IN G ----------------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

548
1 77
371
3*

3 9.5
4 0.0
39. 0
4 0.0

$
2 0 6 .0 0
2 1 2 .5 0
2 0 3 .0 0
2 31 .0 0

$
205 .0 0
205 .0 0
206 .0 0
264 .5 0

$
$
1 8 0 .0 0 -2 2 2 .0 0
1 8 2 .0 0 -2 4 8 .0 0
1 80 .0 0 -2 2 2 .0 0
1 80 .0 0 -2 6 7 .0 0

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------

535
169
366

3 9. 5 1 78 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 7 7 .5 0
3 9. 0 1 79 .0 0

1 69 .0 0
1 74 .0 0
169 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 6 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0

S ee footn otes at end of t a b le s .




5

“
”

“

“

“

~

~

~

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Anaheim—Santa A n a Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
O c c u p a t i o n a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
woiken

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

s

*

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

s

%

s

*

%

$

s

i

S

*

*

i

*

*

s

%

i

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

36 0

380

400

4 20

4 40

4 60

5 00

540

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

3 80

4 00

4 20

440

4 60

5 00

540

-

-

3
3

~

16
13
3

20
17
3

19
16
3

25
21
4

39
21
18

55
28
27

64
37
27

68
29
39

51
20
31

54
35
19

44
20
24

12
8
4

2
2

”

5
4
i

-

24
8
16

20
12
8

29
5
24

23
10
13

35
23
12

42
18
24

12
8
4

2
2

13
9
4

24
14
10

21
14
7

44
25
19

39
24
15

28
10
18

19
12
7

2
2

-

-

-

15

10

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

41
1
40

29
1
28

36
“
36

-

“

_

29

36

-

-

-

-

-

140

160

180

and
unde r
140

AL L

s

%

200

135

160

180

200

5 80
and

5 80 o v e r

WORKERS

COMPUTER S YS TE MS A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S I ---------------------------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G ------------------------------------------

477
274
203

$
3 9 .5 4 1 5 .0 0
4 0 .0 4 0 5 .5 0
3 9. 0 4 2 8 .0 0

$
4 17 .0 0
4 03 .5 0
4 2 5 .5 0

$
$
3 7 4 .0 0 -4 5 5 .0 0
3 5 3 .0 0 -4 5 4 .0 0
3 9 1 .0 0 -4 5 5 .0 0

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( . B U S I N E S S ) t C L AS S A --------------------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N 6 ------------------------------------------

190
89
101

3 9. 5 4 5 9 .5 0
4 0 .0 4 6 7 .5 0
39. 0 4 5 2 .5 0

4 54 .5 0
466 .0 0
4 43 .0 0

4 2 1 .5 0 -5 0 4 .0 0
4 2 0 .0 0 -5 0 6 .5 0
4 2 2 .0 0 -5 0 0 .5 0

COMPUTER S Y S TE M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B --------------------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G -----------------------------------------COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L AS S C ---------------------------------

215
129
86

68

4 0 .0 4 0 3 .5 0
4 0 .0 3 97 .5 0
39. 5 4 1 2 .0 0

4 0.0

3 33 .0 0

4 08 .5 0
403 .0 0
4 2 0 .0 0

3 38 .0 0

3 7 0 .0 0 -4 3 5 .0 0
3 6 9 .0 0 -4 2 9 .0 0
3 8 8 .5 0 -4 5 5 .0 0

-

-

3
3
"

"

"

"

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

'

"

"

"

_

_

-

"a

5
4
1

12
9
3

"

8
6
2

"

2 9 8 .5 0 -3 6 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
4
i

11
8
3

5

1

11

8

9

9

33
12
21

21
2
19

22
10
12

26
14
12

51
14
37

88
5
83

53
12
41

32
1
31

49
i
48

-

3 9. 0 3 6 1 .0 0
39. 5 3 04 .5 0
38. 5 3 72 .5 0

356 .5 0
3 04 .0 0
3 74 .0 0

3 2 2 .5 0 -4 1 0 .5 0
2 5 3 .0 0 -3 3 7 .0 0
3 3 9 .5 0 -4 2 2 .0 0

“

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L AS S A -------------------------------------------------------------------

215

3 9. 5 4 0 2 .0 0

414 .0 0

3 5 2 .0 0 -4 4 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

5

14

13

28

8

12

29

37

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L AS S B -------------------------------------------------------------------

223

3 8.0

3 4 8 .5 0

345 .0 0

3 3 2 .5 0 -3 7 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

6

3

10

11

9

38

57

45

20

20

4

-

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
C L AS S C -------------------------------------------------------------------

56

2 5 3 .5 0

253 .0 0

2 4 2 .0 0 -2 6 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

5

5

26

11

6

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 1 6 .5 0 -2 7 1 .5 0
2 1 0 .0 0 -2 8 6 .0 0
2 2 1 .0 0 -2 7 1 .5 0

-

1
1

33
8
25

47
32
15

70
35
35

106
34
72

55
26
29

140
27
113

46
23
23

25
21
4

12
10
2

4
4

3
3
~

-

-

-

~

-

-

~

~

i
i
~

“

"

-

-

6
3
3

12
11
1

17
11
6

37
11
26

30
16
14

20
20
“

10
10
~

4
4

i
i

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

“

~

“
“

~

~

G

497
85
412

J\

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G ------------------------------------------

“

COMPUTER O P E R AT O R S -------------------------------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

543
225
318

3 9.5
4 0.0
3 9.5

2 45 .5 0
2 4 8 .5 0
2 4 3 .5 0

244 .0 0
241 .0 0
2 49 .5 0

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

143
93
50

3 9 . 5 2 7 9 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 84 .0 0
3 8 .5 2 70 .5 0

2 79 .5 0
2 87 .5 0
275 .5 0

2 5 8 .0 0 -3 0 0 .0 0
2 5 1 .0 0 -3 1 0 .0 0
2 6 5 .0 0 -2 8 7 .0 0

-

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ------------M A NU F A C TU RI NG -------------------------------------------------NO NMA N UF A CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

353
108
245

3 9 .5 2 3 8 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 29 .0 0
3 9. 5 2 4 3 .0 0

2 32 .0 0
2 30 .5 0
2 42 .5 0

2 1 6 .0 0 -2 7 1 .5 0
2 0 5 .0 0 -2 5 3 .5 0
2 2 1 .0 0 -2 7 1 .5 0

-

D R A FT E R S ------------------------------------------------------------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NMA N UF A CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

1 .0 88
860
228

4 0 .0 2 65 .5 0
4 0. 0 2 6 1 .5 0
4 0 . 0 2 8 2 .5 0

260 .0 0
252 .0 0
2 90 .0 0

2 1 4 .0 0 -3 2 0 .0 0
2 1 1 .0 0 -3 1 0 .5 0
2 2 0 .0 0 -3 3 0 .0 0

8
8
”

13
13
“

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A -----------------------------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

341
279
62

4 0. 0 3 30 .0 0
4 0 .0 3 24 .5 0
4 0. 0 3 56 .0 0

3 24 .5 0
3 24 .5 0
368 .0 0

2 8 5 .0 0 -3 8 4 .0 0
2 8 0 .5 0 -3 7 1 .5 0
2 9 9 .0 0 -3 9 8 .0 0

-

-

~

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B -----------------------------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------

427
343
84

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

261 .5 0
2 48 .5 0
308 .0 0

2 3 4 .0 0 -2 9 8 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0 -2 6 9 .0 0
2 9 4 .5 0 -3 2 8 .0 0

2 6 5 .5 0
2 54 .0 0
3 1 3 .0 0

“

"

~

3
3
~

-

16
3
13

31
21
10

59
27
32

83
18
65

38
15
23

103
16
87

16
7
9

5
1
4

2

118
86
32

68
61
7

8l
65
16

124
105
19

124
116
8

142
127
15

57
31
26

80
55
25

102
76
26

37
29
8

43
22
21

66
57
9

11
3
8

2
2
~

3
2
1

9
2
7

“
“

-

11
11

4
3
1

18
17
1

43
36
7

28
20
8

33
30
3

69
66
3

14
11
3

34
19
15

62
57
5

ii
3
8

2
2

3
2
1

9
2
7

-

“

“

22
22

20
20

87
85
2

75
73
2

87
85
2

29
11
18

38
16
22

33
10
23

23
18
5

9
3
6

4
“
4

-

-

“

“

-

“

-

-

“

-

-

-

~

. -

See footnotes at end of tables.




"

6

~

-

“

”

-

2

“

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Anaheim—Santa A n a Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

O cc up a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
140

160

1 80

200

2 20

240

2 60

280

300

3 20

340

1 80

2 00

2 20

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

69
48

239
150

26
10

160
143

* L L WORKERS—
C0N TIN UE0
DRAFTERS

-

CONTINUED

$

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

283
201

40. 0 1 96 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 96 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 95 .5 0

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

2 .4 50
833

ELECTR O N ICS T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS A M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

$
1 88.50
184 .5 0
200 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0 1 7 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 -

2 1 4 .5 0
2 10 .0 0
2 2 0 .0 0

50
34
16

30
14
16

333 .5 0
2 73 .5 0

363 .5 0
257 .5 0

2 8 1 .0 0 2 2 0 .0 0 -

3 83 .0 0
3 3 1 .5 0

225
1 77

143
143

83
83

1 .1 1 8
376

3 6 2 .0 0
315 .5 0

3 83.00
3 42 .5 0

3 5 9 .0 0 2 6 0 .0 0 -

3 9 1 .5 0
3 59 .0 0

8
8

35
35

47
47

ELECTR O N ICS T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS B M A N U F A C TU R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

.041
252

325 .0 0
2 58 .0 0

363 .5 0
2 45 .0 0

2 6 8 .5 0 2 2 0 .0 0 -

3 73 .0 0
2 86 .0 0

105

62

EL EC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS C M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

179
178

2 16 .0 0
2 16 .0 0

202 .0 0
2 02 .0 0

2 0 0 .0 0 2 0 0 .0 0 -

2 25 .0 0
2 25 .0 0

2 6 7 .5 0 -

3 05 .0 0

REGISTERED

IN D U STR IA L

NU RSES

----------------

4 0.0
4 0.0

35

103
103

7

28
28

26
26

39
38

62

S ee footn otes at end o f t a b le s .




3 60

380

400

4 20

4 40

and
under

12
12

380

400

420

4 40

4 60

460

5 00

540

-

-

-

500

5 40

580
and

580 o v e r

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Anaheim—
Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
Average
(mean*)
Se x , 3 o c c u p a t i o n ,

OFFICE

a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OCCUPATIONS -

Weekhp
hours
(standard

170
92

-

$
3 9. 5 2 5 8 .5 0
3 9 . 5 2 44 .5 0
3 9 . 5 2 86 .5 0
3 9. 0 2 6 8 .0 0

OROER C L E R K S . C L A S S A --------------------M A NU F A C TU R IN G ----------------------------------------O C C U P A T IO N S

Se x , 3 o c c u p a t i o n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

O F F I C E O C C U P A T IO N S
WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

HEN

ORDER C L ER K S ---------------------------------------------------H A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------------

OFFICE

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

UONEN

S E C R E T A R I E S ------------------------------------------------------H A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

3 . 456
2 .2 58
1 .1 9 8

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A -----------------------H A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------------NONHANUF A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

193
106
87

39. 5
40. 0
3 8.5
40. 0

2 41 .5 0
2 50 .0 0
2 25 .0 0
2 67 .0 0

3 9 .5 2 7 9 .0 0
4 0 . 0 2 91 .0 0
3 8 .5 2 65 .0 0

FILE

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

CLERKS
$
1 4 2 .0 0
1 40 .5 0

F I L E C L E R K S . CLASS C
H A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------N ON H A N U FA C T U R IN G -------

3 8.5
4 0.0
3 8.0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 40 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

CO MPU TE R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ! • C L A S S A ------------H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

H ES S EN G ER S -----------------------N O N H A N UF A C T U RI N G

3 9 .0 1 47 .5 0
3 8. 5 1 4 5 .0 0

COHPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B -------------

S W IT C HB OA RD OPERATORS
H A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------N ON H A N U FA C T U R IN G —

3 9. 5 1 92 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 0 7 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 84 .0 0

S W IT C H BO A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S H A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------N ON H A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------------------

3 9 .5 1 64 .0 0
40. 0 1 68 .0 0
3 9. 0 1 5 9 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C -----------------------H A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------------N ON H A N U FA C TU R IN G --------------------------------

1 .2 6 9
1 .0 29
2 AO

39. 5 2 47 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 5 3 .5 0
3 8 .0 2 2 1 .5 0

ORDER C L E R K S ---------H A N U F A C T U R IN G

40. 0 1 87 .0 0
4 0. 0 1 87 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L AS S E -----------------------H A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------------N ON H A N U FA C TU R IN G ---------------------------------

A02
167
235

39. 5 2 02 .5 0
3 9. 5 1 9 4 .0 0
3 9. 5 2 09 .0 0

STE N OG RA PH E RS -------------------------------------------------H A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------------

A21

22A

4 0 . 0 2 2 0 .0 0
40 • 0 2 3 0 . 0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . GENER AL -----------------N ON H A N U FA C TU R IN G --------------------------------

170
1 34

4 0 .0 2 01 .0 0
3 9. 5 1 94 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS.
H A N U F A C T U R IN G

S E N IO R -------------------------------------------------------------

251
188

3 9. 5 2 32 .5 0
3 9 . ■> 2 3 1 . 5 0

T R A N S C R I B I N G - H A C H I N E T Y P I S T S ------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN 6 ---------------------------------

117
1 02

3 8. 0 1 62 .5 0
3 8 .0 1 62 .0 0

T Y P I S T S ------------------------------------------------------------------H A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------------N ON H A N U FA C TU R IN G ---------------------------------

1 .0 4 0
400
640

3 9 .0 1 66 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 73 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 6 2 .0 0
39. 0
4 0.0
3 8.5

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A -----------------------------------H A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

1 9 6 .0 0
2 22 .0 0
1 88 .0 0

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B -----------------------------------H A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C TU R IN G ---------------------------------

758
334
424

39. 0 1 5 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 63 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 4 9 .0 0

F I L E C L ER K S -------------------------------------------------------H A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C TU R IN G ---------------------------------

6 05
109
496

3 8. 5 1 3 8 .0 0
4 0 . 0 1 48 .0 0
3 8. 0 1 3 6 .0 0

OROER C L E R K S . C L AS S A
H A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------

39. 5 1 90 .0 0
39. 5 1 9 0 .0 0

OROER C L E R K S . C L AS S B - H A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------

4 0. 0 183 .5 0
4 0 . a 1 85 .5 0

A C C O U N T IN G C L ERK S —
H A N U F A C T U R IN G ------N ON H A N U FA C T U R IN G

39. 5 1 95 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 93 .5 0
39. 5 1 9 7 .0 0

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S .
H A N U F A C T U R IN G ------N ON H A N U FA C TU R IN G

3 9 .5 2 1 0 .0 0
4 0. 0 2 1 0 .5 0
3 9 .0 2 09 .5 0

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K S .
H A N U F A C T U R IN G ------N ON H A N U FA C TU R IN G

39. 5
3 9.5
3 9.5

1 83 .5 0
175 .5 0
1 89 .5 0

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ------------H A N U F A C T U R IN G ------N ON HA N U FA C T U R IN G

3 9. 5 1 97 .5 0
40. 0 1 93 .5 0
3 8. 5 2 02 .5 0

KEY

39. 5 1 9 0 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 9 5 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 87 .5 0

E N T R Y OPE RAT OR S
H A N U F A C T U R IN G ------N ON H A N U FA C T U R IN G

KEY E N TR Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A --------H A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------N ON H A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------------

1 76
371

39. 5
40. 0
39. 0
4 0.0

KEY E N TR Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ---------H A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------

487
169
318

3 9 .0 1 72 .0 0
40. 0 1 77 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 6 9 .0 0

See footnotes at end of tables.

8

Weekly
houif
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

3 9.5
4 0.0
3 9.0

4 2 4 .0 0
4 1 6 .0 0
4 3 5 .5 0

2 0 6 .0 0
2 1 2 .5 0
2 03 .0 0
2 3 1 .0 0

3 9 . 5 4 6 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 4 6 9 .5 0

167

H A N U F A C T U R IN G

116

3 9 . 5 2 8 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 8 6 .5 0

H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G

953
753
2 00

40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0.0

DRAFTERS. CLASS A
H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

299
250

3 35 .0 0
3 27 .5 0

ORAFTERS. CLASS B
M A N U F A C TU R IN G ------NONHANUF A C T U R I N 6

372
292
80

4 0 .0 2 67 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 54 .5 0
4 0 . 0 3 15 .5 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS C
H A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

254
183

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 95 .0 0
1 95 .5 0

40.
40.

3 3 4 .0 0
2 7 3 .5 0

168
168

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 1 4 .0 0
2 1 4 .0 0

107

4 0 .0

2 4 7 .5 0

50

4 0 .0

2 8 5 .5 0

C O H P U TE R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------C O H P U TE R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B t
H A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

.403
819

H A N U F A C T U R IN G

2 6 8 .5 0
2 6 3 .0 0
2 8 7 .5 0

E LEC TR O N IC S T F C H N I C I A N S . CLASS A:
H A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S B!
H A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------EL EC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS CM A N U F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN
(B U S IN E S S ):
H A N U F A C T U R IN G

M A N U F A C TU R IN G

HANUFACTURING
R EGISTERED




388
2 23
165

( B U S I N E S S I --------------------H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------N O N H A N U F A C T U R IN G

3 8.5
3 8.0

3 9 .5 2 72 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 7 7 .5 0
3 8. 5 2 5 6 .0 0

3 9. 5 2 3 2 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 37 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 26 .5 0

a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

F I L E C L ER K S . CLASS B
N ON H A N U FA C T U R IN G -------

622
463
159

63A
3A7
287

Sex, 3 o c c u p a t i o n ,

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - HEN

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B -----------------------H A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------------N ON H A N U FA C TU R IN G --------------------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L AS S 0 -----------------------H A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------------N ON H A N U FA C TU R IN G --------------------------------

Average
(mean*)

Average
(mean*)

IN D USTR IAL

NU RSES

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Anaheim—Santa A n a Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

Hourly earnings 4

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

s
4 .4 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

5
5 .0 0

*
5 .4 0

*
5 .8 0

6 .2 0

.6 0

*
7 .0 0

s
7 .4 0

%

4 .8 0

7 .8 0

S
8 . 20

S
8 .6 0

s
4 .0 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

5 .6 0

(.00

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

8 ,2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

• 40

3
2

5
4

5
5

19

3

6
4

5
2

15
11

22
22

9
9

-

4
4

6
3

18
2

18
14

23
21

15
13

85
81

34
29

4
4

2
-

6
2

2
1

41
1

10
2

14
14

9
9

25
21

-

1
“

9
8

39
38

6
5

3
3

22
22

49
49

55
55

47
47

86
86

62
62

57
57

1 86
186

48
46

39
33

i

17

1

34
4
30
8

6
3
3

11
11

o
ao

too
70

$
7 . 85
8 .0 9

$
8 . 09
8 . 50

$
6 .8 9 7 .3 8 -

$
8. 50
8. 55

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------------

229
193

8 .2 8
8 .4 5

8 . 25
8 . 27

7 .5 0 7 .9 7 -

8 . 60
8 . 62

-

M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S -------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G -----------------------------------------

127
54

7 . 33
8 . 05

7 . IK
8 .01

6 .8 9 7 .7 7 -

8. 27
8 .2 7

2

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S --------------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

261
252

8 .1 5
8 . 15

8 .2 5
8 . 23

7. 757 .7 5 -

8. 62
8 .6 2

-

-

M A IN T E N A N C E M EC H A N IC S ( M A C H I N E R Y ) M A N U F A C TU R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

837
B25

7 .5 9
7 .5 8

7 . 35
7 . 34

6 .7 5 6 .7 0 -

8 .3 5
8. 35

-

-

-

M A IN T E N A N C E M EC H A N IC S
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

278
68
210
93

8 .6 5
9 .1 1
8 .5 0
8 .2 0

8 .6 2
8 . 40
8 . 64
8 . 58

7 . 7 5 - 9. 81
8 .2 1 - 10.64
7 . 2 7 - 9 . 81
6 . 9 5 — 8. 83

-

-

—

118
66

8 . 34
8 . 23

8 . 50
8 . 20

8. 207 .7 7 -

8 . 50
8 . 96

T O O L ANO D I E MAKERS -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

447
447

8 .6 0
8 .6 0

8 .7 5
8 .7 5

7 .9 5 7 .9 5-

8. 98
8 . 98

85

7 .8 8

7 . 69

6 .9 6 -

8. 62

ENGIN EER S

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
“

2
-

“

-

-

-

~

”

-

-

-

-

“

~

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

i
i

—— —

M A C H I N E - T O O L O P E R AT O R S ( T O O L R O O M ) M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------

STATIONARY

%

4 .6 0

*
9 .4 0

i
i
<
*
*
*
9 . 8 0 1 0 . 2 010 . 6 0 1 1 . 0 0 1 1 . 4 0 1 1 . 8 0

9 . 8 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 . 6011 . 0 0 1 1 . 4 0 1 1 . 8 0 1 2 . 2 0

WORKERS

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N TE R S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

i

and
under
4 .2 0

ALL

*
4 .2 0

o
o
IT

Number
of
workers

O ccupation and i n d u s try d iv is io n

s
4 .0 0

---------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

“

~

9

-

_

-

_

-

8
8

-

-

6
6

8
8

_

5
-

4
4

-

-

32
32

18
18

5

-

174
170

42
4?

8
8

-

_

-

24
6
18
18

26
22
4
4

31
5
26
26

34

16
15

4
3

70
20

”

”

—

—

-

88
88

_

27
10
17
17

18
18

-

47
-

34

47
3

12
12

-

8
8

-

9
9

3
3

2

6

4
4

4
4

-

8
8

10
10

7
7

42
42

93
93

8
8

173
173

34
34

51
51

25

3

11

4

5

23

”

10

-

2

2

”

-

-

-

2
2

22
22

1

“

See fo o tn o tes at end of t a b le s .




-

1

4
4

5
2

1
“

-

_

-

17
16

-

“
9
9
—

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Anaheim—Santa A n a Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

H ourly tim in g s 4

ALL

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

*
4 .4 0

*
4 .8 0

*
5 .2 0

*
5 .6 0

*
6 .0 0

1 ---------- T ---------- S
1 -----------«
6 .4 0 6 .8 0 7 .2 0 7 .6 0

o
*
CO

workers

4
4 .0 0

CO

O c c u p a t io n a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

o
o

*
1—
-*----------1 ---------- T
T
2 . 6 0 2 . 8 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 2 0 3 . 40 3. 60

Numb«r

1
i —
T ---------- s
*
8 . 80 9 . 2 0 9 . 6 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 4 0

and
under

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 . 60

4 . 00

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

»* 20

-

24
3
21
“

69
42
27
“

18
16
2
~

42
21
21
8

56
28
28
-

97
96
i
-

331
79
252
230

50
41
9
-

21
20
1
-

92
86
6

24
3
21

29
8
21

16
16

17
9
8

46
19
27

“

4
4

6
6

2
2

-

16
16
~

-

40
34
6

2
2

25
12
13

10
9
i

97
96
i

62
40
22

18
9
9

-

68
62
6

246
16

2
2

_

16
16

12
12

-

-

-

-

9 .6 0 1 0 .0 0 1 0 . 4 0 1 0 .8 0

WORKERS

T R U C K D R IV E R S -------------------------------------------------MA NUF AC TU RIN G --------------------------------------NONMAN UFA CT UR ING -----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

2 .* 85
930
1 .5 5 5
780

$
7 .7 1
7 .3 8
7 .9 0
7 .6 4

$
8 .2 4
7 .1 7
9 .0 0
8 .2 4

$
5 .5 0 5 .3 8 6 .9 8 5 .2 5 -

$
9 .2 6
9 .6 3
9 .2 6
9 .3 6

-

-

-

T R U C K D R IV E R S * L I 6 H T TRUCK -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

165
85
80

* . 35
* .7 0
3 .9 7

4 .0 5
4 .5 0
3 .5 0

3 .5 0 3 .7 5 3 .2 5 -

4 .6 1
5 .8 1
4 .5 0

*
-

“

-

T R U C K D R IV ER S * MEDIUM TRU CK —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TU RIN G -------------------------------

7 07
269
* 38

7 . 18
5 . 29
8 .3 5

6 . 98
5 . 13
9 . 36

5 .2 5 5 .0 0 6 .9 8 -

9 .3 6
6 .4 9
9 .3 6

-

-

-

T R U C K D R IV E R S * HEA VY TRUCK -------M A NUF AC TUR ING ---------------------------------------

6 02
337

8 .0 2
9 .7 6

9 .5 4
10.45

TR U C K D R IV E R S * T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------NONMAN UFA CT UR ING ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

9 73
201
772
216

8 .4 7
7 .3 5
8 .7 6
8 . 26

9 . 18
7 .1 7
9 .1 8
8 .2 *

7 .8 5 6 .7 8 8 .2 4 7 .8 5 -

9 .2 6
7 .4 3
9 .2 6
8 .2 4

S H IP P E R S -------------------------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------------------------

24 8
165

5 .8 7
5 .4 2

5 .5 0
5 .3 0

4 .7 5 4 .7 5 -

6 .1 9
6 .1 2

-

-

-

-

R E C E IV E R S ----------------------------------------------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G ---------------------------------------

258
15*

6 . 38
5 .5 7

6 .0 2
4 . 99

4 .6 1 4 .4 3 -

8 .21
6 .8 7

-

-

S H IP P E R S ANO R E C E I V E R S ---------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------N ONM AN UFA CT UR IN G -------------------------------

332
253
79

5 .1 #
5 . 1#
5 .1 2

5 .2 4
5 .2 5
5 .0 0

4 .4 4 4 .4 5 3 .9 0 -

5 .8 5
5 .8 5
6 .4 2

-

WAREHOUSEMEN --------------------------------------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G ---------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G -------------------------------

1 . 0 37
*13
62*

6 . 82
5 .8 9
7 .* *

6 .8 9
6 . 47
8 . 16

5 .2 0 4 .5 9 6 .8 9 -

8 .1 6
6 .4 7
9 .0 8

-

ORDER F I L L E R S -----------------------------------------------MA NU F A C TU RI NG ----------------------------------------

#38
178

7 .0 1
4 .4 9

8 . 90
4 .3 3

4 .8 3 3 .9 0 -

8 .9 0
5 .0 5

S H I P P I N 6 PAC KE RS
MA NU F A C TU RI NG

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

478
• 16

4 .6 5
* .7 5

5 .0 0
5 .2 3

3 .6 3 3 .7 5 -

M A T E R I A L H A N O LI N G LAB OR ER S -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

8 20
635
185
7*

5 .4 0
5 .4 6
5 .1 9
6 .6 8

5 .7 0
5 .7 4
5 .0 0
5 .5 6

F O R K L I F T O PE R AT O RS ---------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TUR IN G --------------------------------

1 .0 3 3
682
351

6 .5 7
6 .1 3
7. #1

7 .7 9

POW ER -TR UC K OPE RAT OR S
(O T H E R THAN F O R K L I F T !

-----------------------

5*

5 .2 5 -1 0 .4 5
9 .6 3 -1 0 .5 1

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

*
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

69
41
28

167
34
133
99

102
18
84
72

2

2
2
“

-

2

1
1

~

63
4
59

3
3
~

2

12

5
5

-

-

12
12
-

81
66
15

-

14
13
1
“

-

~

”
63
36
27
“

34
17

37
37

25
25

35
19

14
13

46
42

8
8

-

-

~

"

-

27
9
18
18

”

571
32
539
283

90
70
20
20

24
24
”

-

-

~

-

-

-

64

241

-

-

64

241

6
6

35

70
70

24
24

225

2 95
32
2 63
7

20

-

20
20

~

-

-

2

12

18
18

4
4

132
1
131
99

76
4
72
72

27
9
18
18

49
4

~

-

2 95
6
2 89

~

-

2 25
~
-

“

_

9
8

4
3

26
24

31
29

20
19

15
12

20
1

20
18

10
10

-

2
2

73
28

-

28

-

-

-

~

1
1
“

33
22
11

39
24
15

6
6

26
17
9

57
45
12

34
33
1

72
69
3

23
22
1

36
13
23

5
i
4

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

“

~

33
33

15
9
6

57
35
22

45
45
*

26
18
8

6^
51
15

54
29
25

11
4
7

5
2
3

143
119
24

113
17
96

18
2
16

-

1 44

30

~

1 44

30

_

8
8

6
6

37
37

40
40

14
14

50
50

10
10

13
13

15
“

-

~

-

-

-

-

2 45

33
33

32
16

36
26

69
59

16
16

24
8

4?
32

124
124

64
64

19
19

-

-

3
3

”

~

~

-

4
4

64
60
4
-

13
11
2

49
4
45
-

51
48
3

57
36
21

117
67
50
40

367
364
3

8
8
-

-

30

-

-

18
18

4
4

4
4
”

33
32
1

62
58
4

10
8
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

5 .5 9
5 .5 9

-

16
16

4 .8 0 5 .2 0 4 .1 6 5 .5 6 -

5 .8 8
5 .8 8
5 .5 6
8 .1 6

10
10
-

9
9
-

-

6 .6 3
6 .0 4
7 .5 3

6 .0 2 5 .2 0 6 .6 3 -

7 .5 3
6 .9 6
7 .7 0

_

_
-

-

~

7 . 38

6 .8 0 -

8 .9 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

109
109
“

1

~
29
29
■

6
6
-

”

224
114
110

113
67
46

1 03
17
86

-

-

16

15

158
158

-

-

"
275
80
195

-

45

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

"
-

“
'
4
4

35
35

-

4
"
4

-

-

22

-

-

-

45

-

~

~

30
30
1 07
R9
18

192
192

*
~

6
2
4
4

192
192

_

~

-

-

-

-

_

“

S ee footn otes at end of ta b le s .




-

1*8
72
76
50

~

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Anaheim—Santa A n a Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978— Continued




11




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex,
in Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
S ex ,

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

oc cu p ation , and in d u stry d iv isio n

S ex , 3 occu p ation , and in du stry d ivision

M A I N T E N A N C E . TO OL RO OM . ANO
PO UE R PL A NT O C C U P A T IO N S - MEN

Number
of
workers

Average
(m ean^)
hourly

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT ANO C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN— C O N T IN U E D

$
M A IN TE N A N C E C A R PE N T ER S ----------------------M A NU F A C T UR IN G ----------------------------------------

100
70

7 . 85
8 .0 9

S H I P P E R S -------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G

191
140

$
6 .1 7
5 .5 3

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S
M A NU F A C T UR IN G --------------------

229
193

8 .2 8
8. A5

R E C E I V E R S ----------------MA NU FA C TU R IN G

236
148

6 .4 5
5 . 58

M A IN T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S
M A NU F A C T UR IN G ---------

127
54

7 . 33
8 .0 5

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E IV E R S
M A NU F A C TU RI NG --------------

290
232

5 . 21
5 . 15

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S --------------------------------M A NU F A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------

261
252

8 .1 5
8 .1 5

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------M A NU F A C TU RI NG ----NONMANUF A C T U R I N 6

991
405
586

6 .9 2
5 .9 2
7 .6 2

M A IN TE N A N C E M EC HA N IC S ( M A C H I N E R Y ! M A NU F A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------

836
824

7 .5 9
7 .5 8

ORDER F I L L E R S -------------M A NU F A C TU RI NG -----

422
162

7 .1 0
4 .4 8

M A IN T E N A N C E MEC HA N IC S
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) ----------------------------------------------M A NU F A C T UR IN G -------------------------------------------------NO NM A N U FA C TU RI N G ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

278
68
210
93

8 .6 5
9 .1 1
8 . 50
8 .2 0

-------------------------------------------------

225
193

4 .6 6
4 .7 9

M A IN TE N A N C E T R A D E S HE L P E R S ---------------------M A NU F A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------

59
53

5 -1 8
5 .0 1

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G LABORERS
M A NU F A C TU RI NG ------------------------N ONM AN UFA CT UR IN G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------

744
561
183
73

5 . 37
5 .4 3
5 .1 9
6 .6 8

M A C H I N E - T O O L OPE RAT OR S ( T O O L R O O M ) M A NU F A C T UR IN G --------------------------------------------------

118
66

8 . 34
8 .2 3

F O R K L I F T OPE RAT OR S -------M A NU F A C T U RI NG ------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G —

026
678
348

6 . 56
6 .1 3
7 .4 1

T O O L ANO D I E MAKERS -----------------------------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------

447
447

8 .6 0
8 .6 0

85

7 .8 8

STA TIONA RY

E N G IN E E R S

---------------------------------------

S H I P P I N G PAC KERS
M A NU F A C T U RI NG

P O U E R -T R U C K OPERATORS
(O T H E R THAN F O R K L I F T )

54

7 .7 9

337
320
0 17

4 .0 5
5 .6 8
3 .5 3

149

6 .9 7

GU A RD S , C L A S S B ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------NONMANUF A C T U R I N S -----------------------------------------

179
177
002

3 .6 8
4 .7 1
3 . 50

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L EAN ER S -------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------NO NMA NU FAC TUR IN G -----------------------------------------

273
708
565

3 .7 5
4 .6 7
3 .3 3

GUARDS -----------------------------------------M A NU F A C T U RI NG -----------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G —
M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT ANO C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - MEN

GU A RD S ,

T R U C K D R IV E R S --------------------------------------M A N UF A C TU R IN G ---------------------------NO NMA N UF A CT UR IN G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

2 ,4 53
930
1 ,5 23
748

7 .6 8
7 . 38
7 .8 7
7 .5 7

T R U C K D R I V E R S , L I G H T TRUCK
M A NU F A C TU R IN G ---------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G --------------------

165
85
80

4 .3 5
4 .7 0
3 .9 7

T R U C K D R I V E R S , MEDIUM TRUCK
M A NU F A C TU R IN G ------------------------------NO NMA N UF A CT UR IN G -----------------------

675
269
406

7 .0 8
5 . 29
8 . 27

T R U C K D R I V E R S , HEAV Y TRUCK
M A NU F A C TU R IN G ----------------------------

602
337

8 . 02
9 . 76

T R U C K D R I V E R S , T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R -------M A NU F A C T UR IN G --------------------------NO NMA N UF A CT UR IN G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

973
201
772
216

8 .4 7
7 . 35
8 .7 6
8 . 26

CLASS

A

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O O I A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - WOMEN

SHIPPERS
S H I P P I N G PACKE RS
M A NU F A C T U RI NG
J A N I T O R S , PO R TE RS
M A NU F A C T U RI NG

See footnotes at end of tables.

12

and

cleaners

57

4. R5

2 53
2 23

4 . 64
4 . 71

70

5 . 9?

:




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts,
for selected occupational groups in Anaheim—Santa A n a Garden Grove, Calif., for selected periods
In d ustry and occu p ation al group 5

A ll in d u str ie s:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g _____________________________
In d u str ia l n u r se s_________________________________________
S k illed m ain tenan ce tra d e s_____________________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s . ______________________________
M a n u factu rin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g _____________________________
In d u str ia l n u r se s____________________________ _________
S k illed m ain tenan ce tra d e s_____________________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s . ______________________________
N onm an uf ac tur in g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l __________________________________________
E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g . _________ _______________
In d u str ia l n u r se s_________________________________________
U n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s . _____________ _______________

O c to b e r 1974

O c to b e r 1975

O c to b e r 1976

to

to

to

to

O c to b e r 1975

O c to b e r 1976

O c to b e r 1977

O c to b e r 1978

8.1
6 .2
(6 )
8 .7
5 .3

6 .6
5 .9
(6 )
8 .0
10.6

7 .7
6 .3
7 .7
8 .0
5 .5

8 .6
4 .3
6 .5
8.9
6 .9

8 .6

6 .2

7.5

(6 )
(6 )
8 .7
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
8.3
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
8.1
7.3

7.9
(‘ )
(6 )
9 .2
5 .6

7 .5

7.1

(6 )
(6 )
3 .7

(*>
(6 )
12.3

7 .9
5 .7
(6 )
4 .7

See footn otes at end of ta b les.

A r e v is e d d e sc r ip tio n fo r co m p u ter o p e r a to r s is being in trod uced in this a r e a in
1978.
The r e v is e d d e sc r ip tio n is not c o n sid e r e d eq u ivalen t to the p reviou s d e sc r ip tio n .
T h e r e fo r e , the ea rn in g s of c o m p u ter o p e r a to r s a r e not u sed in com puting p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s
fo r the ele c tr o n ic data p r o c e ssin g group.

13

O c to b e r 1977

9 .4
(6 )
(6 )
7.4

Table A - 8 . Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in A n a h e i m — Santa A n a Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
Weekly earning! 1

Number
O ccup ation and in d u str y d iv is io n
workers

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
t

*
weekly
hours1
(standard)

105
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

120

S

%

130

1 90

*

%

150

160

s

$
170

180

s
190

s

%

200

220

s

s

S
2 90

2 60

280

S

s
300

320

*

*

S
3 90

360

380

900

_

and
under
110

ALL

*

%

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 20

290

2 60

280

300

320

390

360

380

900

920

-

2
1
1

10

-

9
3
6
-

48
19
29
-

79
35
39
-

129
68
56
-

167
107
60
3

923
258
165
2

321
208
113
4

295
2 32
63
6

308
250
58
8

305
269
36
12

2 85
2 75
10
5

77
75
2
1

8
4
4
2

2
2
-

~
-

2
2
-

"

“

9
i

8
2

6
4

25
8

11
7

26
26

24
29

-

-

-

-

“

2
2

16
1
15

31
26
5

89
83
6

93
80
13

89
79
10

81
76
5

45
93
2

4
4

-

-

-

8
8

4
4
-

2
2
-

-

~

_
-

-

-

WORKERS
$
2 0 6 .0 0
2 55 .0 0
2 20 .0 0
2 72 .0 0

$
2 01 .5 0
2 5 9 .5 0
2 12 .5 0
2 78 .5 0

$
$
2 0 7 .0 0 -2 8 5 .0 0
2 1 7 .5 0 -2 9 5 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0 -2 9 1 .5 0
2 9 9 .5 0 -2 9 6 .5 0

111
70

3 9. 5 2 8 9 .0 0
4 0. 0 3 07 .5 0

2 9 9 .0 0
3 18 .0 0

2 6 9 .5 0 -3 1 8 .5 0
2 9 2 .5 0 -3 2 8 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS B MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G ----------

052
390
62

0 0 .0 2 7 8 .0 0
0 0. 0 2 8 1 .0 0
o o . o 2 5 8 .5 0

2 77 .0 0
2 8 1 .5 0
2 6 9 .5 0

2 5 3 .0 0 -3 0 7 .0 0
2 5 9 .5 0 -3 0 8 .0 0
2 1 9 .0 0 -2 8 2 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L AS S C M A NU F A C T UR IN G ------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G ----------

870
795
75

0 0 .0 2 5 8 .5 0
0 0. 0 2 6 0 .5 0
39. 5 2 36 .5 0

2 59 .5 0
2 6 0 .0 0
2 29 .0 0

2 2 2 .0 0 -2 9 7 .0 0
2 2 9 .5 0 -2 9 8 .5 0
2 0 8 .5 0 -2 6 7 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L AS S 0 MA NU F A C TU RI NG ------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ----------

399
274
125

3 9. 5 2 3 7 .0 0
3 9. 5 2 0 6 .0 0
0 0. 0 2 17 .0 0

2 3 0 .5 0
2 51 .0 0
2 0 6 .0 0

2 0 2 .0 0 -2 7 8 .5 0
2 1 2 .0 0 -2 8 3 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 0 -2 3 8 .5 0

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L AS S E M A NU F A C T UR IN G ------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G ----------

309
129
180

3 9 .5 2 0 6 .0 0
39. 5 1 95 .0 0
3 9. 5 2 13 .5 0

2 06 .0 0
190 .5 0
2 1 0 .5 0

1 8 9 .0 0 -2 1 9 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0 -2 0 8 .0 0
1 9 8 .5 0 -2 2 5 .5 0

-

STENOGR APH ER S --------------------------MA NU F A C TU RI NG ------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ----------

2B3
173
110

0 0 .0 2 13 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 38 .5 0
3 9. 5 1 7 2 .5 0

2 09 .0 0
2 3 5 .0 0
1 70 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0 -2 9 6 .5 0
2 0 6 .5 0 -2 7 8 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -1 7 9 .5 0

-

S TE N O G R A P H E R S . GENERAL
N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G ----------

88
55

39. 5 1 92 .5 0
39. 5 1 72 .5 0

1 7 8 .5 0
172 .5 0

1 6 5 .5 0 -2 1 2 .5 0
1 6 0 .5 0 -1 7 8 .5 0

-

-

“

“

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G ------------------NO NMA N UF A CT UR IN G ---------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —

2 . 0 60
1 .8 08
652
03

S E C R E T A R IE S . CLASS A MA NU F A C TU RI NG -------------------

195
355
188
167

A -------------------------------

78
55

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B -------------MA NU F A C TU RI NG ------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G ----------

277
133
144

T Y P I S T S . CLASS
MA NU F A C TU RI NG

o

S EN IO R

o

STENOGRAPHERS.

T Y P I S T S -------------------------------------------MA NU F A C TU RI NG ------------------N ON MA NU FAC TUR IN G ----------

39. 5
0 0.0
3 9.0
0 0.0

“

-

-

_

”

-

-

10
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

“

“

-

“

-

1
1

-

3
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

6
-

-

6

-

3
i
2

-

1

-

1

”

1
1
-

1

1
~
1

-

2
2

10
8
2

16
13
3

25
17
8

130
117
13

150
130
20

119
107
7

125
119
11

i n
100
11

173
173
-

8
2
6

17
4
13

28
15
13

29
15
19

75
97
28

52
32
20

41
31
10

49
43
6

91
83
8

5
5

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

16
13
3

16
13
3

92
27
15

97
26
21

103
36
67

46
5
91

13
?
11

16
5
11

2
-

_

_

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

2

-

-

-

-

22

32
1
31

23
4
19

21
20
1

33
29
4

4?
91
1

9
7
2

23
23
-

39
39

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

_

22

39
6
28

12
12

12
11

29
23

6
5

4

10
1

5
1

6
2

5

3

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

1
1
-

2 22 .0 0

2 18 .5 0

1 8 9 .0 0 -2 7 1 .5 0

-

-

-

-

2

10

22

8

17

17

23

37

3

18

36

3 9 .5 1 70 .0 0
4 0. 0 1 9 1 .0 0
3 9. 0 1 06 .5 0

1 60 • 00
1 79 .5 0
139 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 8 7 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -2 1 3 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

~

-

37

91
15
26

31
19
12

50
33
17

26
19
7

23
16
7

12
11
1

28
21
7

ii
10
1

9
9
-

15
15
-

8
8

37

64
12
52

0 0.0
0 0.0

2 10 .5 0
2 26 .0 0

2 09 .0 0
2 2 5 .5 0

1 7 8 .0 0 -2 5 8 .0 0
1 8 1 .0 0 -2 7 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

11
7

9

-

4
3

4

6
2

3
2

15
8

5
4

6
6

11
11

39. 5 1 57 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 7 6 .5 0
39. 0 1 00 .0 0

199 .5 0
1 68 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0

1 3 3 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
1 5 5 .0 0 -1 9 2 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

-

-

37

17
15
2

17
19
3

9
9

13
13
-

6
6
-

3
3

4
4

-

-

-

37

64
12
52

91
15
26

27
16
11

39
26
13

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

8
8

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

201

3 9. 5 1 0 1 .5 0

133 .0 0

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

48

90

21

43

26

20

12

-

5

3

7

-

2

13

i

-

-

-

-

C -

173

39. 0 1 33 .5 0

1 19 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

48

40

21

27

6

7

5

-

3

3

3

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

MESSENGERS -----------------------------------NO NMA N UF A CT UR IN G ----------

125
77

3 9 .0 1 55 .5 0
39. 0 1 51 .0 0

1 95 .0 0
1 36 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 7 0 .5 0

-

10
6

23
22

22
15

12
6

15
8

6

16
8

9
2

8
5

2

6
5

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

i
-

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

S WIT CH BOA RD OPE RAT OR S —
M A NU F A C T UR IN G -------------------NO NM AN UFA CT UR IN G -----------

187
75
112

0 0 .0 1 9 2 .5 0
0 0. 0 2 16 .5 0
0 0 .0 1 76 .5 0

1 87 .5 0
2 15 .5 0
170 .0 0

1 5 6 .5 0 -2 1 8 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0 -2 9 9 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0 -2 1 8 .0 0

5

.9

6
6

15
5
10

7
2
5

29
16
8

6
9
2

93
8
35

19
12
2

8
8

9
7
2

10
7
3

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

FILE

CLERKS

F ILE

---------------------------------

CLERKS.

CLASS

-

5

25

6

-

~

-

9

25

6

See footnotes at end of tables.




14

-

-

_
~

Table A-8. Weekly earnings of office workers—large establishments in Anaheim—Santa A n a Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978— Continued
Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—

O cc u p a tio n and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

(standard)

*

ft

Average
weekly

105
Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

and
under

*
110

ft
120

i

ao

s

ft

ft

ft
130

150

160

s

s

ft
170

180

190

s
2 00

ft

ft
220

240

ft

ft

ft
260

280

300

s

ft
320

340

ft
360

ft
380

AOO

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

110

120

130

1 AO

150

160

170

180

190

200

220

2 AO

260

280

300

320

3 AO

360

380

400

A20

~

3

10

9

8

12

2

12

4

3

3

3

2

"

3

9
9

2
2

_
-

-

_

_

_

A L L WORKERS—
C ONTINUED
$
1 50.00

$
$
1 3 7 .0 0 -1 7 9 .5 0

AO . 0 1 8 5 . 0 0 1 8 0 . 0 0
A O . 0 18 A •0 0 1 8 0 . 0 0

1 6 6 .0 0 -2 0 7 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0 -2 0 7 .0 0

~

4
4

12
10

9
8

-

1
“

10
9

25
25

1A
13

1A
12

16
16

72
64

AO . 0 1 6 2 . 5 0
AO. 0 1 63 .0 0

1 72.00
1 72 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 -1 8 1 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 8 0 .5 0

-

4
4

12
10

9
8

-

1
“

2
1

25
25

7
6

3
1

8
8

1
i

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------

923
A 01
522

3 9 . 5 20A.OO
3 9 .5 2 01 .5 0
AO. 0 2 0 6 .0 0

1 93.00
190.00
193 .5 0

1 6 8 .0 0 -2 3 6 .0 0
1 7 2 .5 0 -2 2 3 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0 -2 3 6 .0 0

-

3

13
4
9

27
4
23

66
19
47

A7
19
28

101
A5
56

83
63
20

97
A3
5A

81
32
A9

116
65
51

94
28
66

52
22
30

36
3A
2

28
1A
1A

79
9
70

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------

3 AO
211
129

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5

2 26 .5 0
2 22 .5 0
2 3 3 .0 0

211 .5 0
212 .0 0
210 .5 0

1 9 0 .0 0 -2 6 7 .5 0
1 8 7 .5 0 -2 6 0 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0 -3 0 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

20
13
7

24
21
3

32
19
13

32
22
10

76
36
AO

30
22
8

23
21
2

32
30
2

15
1A
1

49
9
AO

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S B ---------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------

583
190
393

AO. 0 1 91 .0 0
AO. 0 1 7 8 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 9 7 .5 0

180 .0 0
175 .5 0
1 86 .0 0

1 5 8 .0 0 -2 1 3 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0 -1 9 3 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0 -2 3 6 .0 0

-

4
4

13
13

30
30

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------

113
50
63

3 9 . 5 2 07 .5 0
AO. 0 1 8 6 .5 0
3 9 .5 22A .50

2 12.50
1 95.50
218 .5 0

1 8 3 . 0 0 — 2 A0 . 0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -2 2 6 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0 -2 6 6 .0 0

-

3

9
9

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

KE Y

E N T R Y O P E R A TO R S -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C TU R IN G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------------

5A6
215
331
85

39.5
AO. 0
3 9.0
AO. 0

20A.50
2 09 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0
2A3.00

1 99.00
2 00 .0 0
199 .0 0
26A.OO

1 7 7 .5 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
18 2 . 0 0 - 2 A 1 . 0 0
1 7 1 . 5 0 “ 2 2 A . 50
2 2 A . 0 0 ~ 2 6 A . 00

“

_
-

_
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

331
115
216

3 9 .5 2 1 0 .0 0
AO. 0 2 2 8 .5 0
3 9 .0 2 0 0 .0 0

205 .0 0
2 35 .0 0
1 99 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
1 9 3 .5 0 -2 6 8 .0 0
1 7 8 .0 0 -2 1 8 .5 0

•

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

215
100
115

AO. 0 1 9 6 .0 0
AO. 0 1 87 .5 0
3 9. 5 2 0 3 .5 0

188 .0 0
1 88.00
191.00

1 6 5 .0 0 -2 3 A.0 0
1 6 7 .0 0 -2 0 1 .0 0
1 A 8 .0 0 ~ 2 6 A .0 0

-

O P E R A TO R -R E C E P TIO N IS TS -

74

OROER C L E R K S -------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

130
HR

ORDER C L E R K S . C L A S S B ------------------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

S W IT C H BO A R D

$
39. 5 1 65 .0 0

3

_

3

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

.
_

“

“

”

“

7
4
3

3

13
4
9

27
4
23

66
19
A7

AO
15
25

81
32
49

59
A2
17

65
2A
41

A9
10
39

AO
29
11

6A
6
58

29
1
28

-

19
16
3

3

-

2

3

2
1
1

“

2

1
1

9
5
A

10
5
5

21
6
15

17
9
8

10
8
2

7
7

3

-

4
4
“

26
4
22
“

16
16
“

23
7
16

A7
20
27
“

29
4
25
6

68
A2
26
6

67
22
A5

57
18
39
8

21
15
6
5

78
28
50
50

18
10
8
2

2
2
-

“

90
39
51
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

9
9

12

21

55
1A
A1

61
15
46

45
13
32

1A
11
3

A2
26
16

12
10
2

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_

21

39
19
20

_
_

12

15
1
1A

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

11
7
4

26
20
6

1A
3
11

29
23
6

12
8
A

29
24
5

12
5
7

7
4
3

36
2
34

6
6

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

3
-

“
-

“
4
4

22
22

S ee fo o tn o tes at end o f t a b le s .




ii
ii

15

-

Table A-9. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers—large establishments in Anaheim—
Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
Weekly earnings
( standard)
O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b er of w o r k e r s rec e iv in g st r a ig h t -t im e w eekly earn ing s of—
S

%

135
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
under
140

ALL

*

s

<

S

s

s

s

s

S

S

S

*

s

%

S

340

360

380

400

420

440

4 60

500

5 40

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

320

340

360

380

4 00

420

9 90

460

500

5 40

over

14
12

15
14

29
19

28
24

49
32

31
29

22
20

98
33

26
20

12
B

2
2

_
”

9
9

7
7

5
5

10
10

29
21

24
18

12
8

2
2

6

14

19

42

26

12

19

2

-

-

-

160

1 80

2 00

220

2 40

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

“

5
9

3
3

15
13

10
9

_

_

280

S

320

190

260

s

s

o
00
IT

Number
of
wodcers

300

5 80

WORKERS

309
242

$
40. 0 4 1 5 .0 0
4 0. 0 4 1 1 .5 0

4 13 .5 0

$
$
3 7 0 .0 0 -4 6 5 .0 0
3 6 8 .0 0 -4 6 0 .0 0

COMPUTER S Y S TE M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A --------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------------

93
75

4 0 .0 4 8 5 .0 0
4 0. 0 4 8 0 .0 0

483 .0 0
4 75 .0 0

4 5 3 .5 0 -5 1 3 .0 0
4 4 6 .5 0 -5 1 1 .5 0

COMPUTER S Y S T F M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ---------------------------------

144

4 0.0

4 1 1 .5 0

413 .5 0

3 9 2 .0 0 -4 3 5 .5 0

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C ---------------------------------

o
o

COMPUTER SY S TE M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) ---------------------------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------------

\
~

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

9

_
2

_

3

_

68

4 0.0

3 33 .0 0

3 38 .0 0

2 9 8 .5 0 -3 6 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

1

8

9

9

15

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

--------

352

3 9.0

3 8 5 .0 0

385 .5 0

3 4 5 .0 0 -4 2 5 .5 0

-

-

-

~

-

9

9

8

6

11

34

53

5?

29

99

91

29

32

-

-

-

COMPUTER OPE RA TO R S -------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FAC TU RIN G ------------------------------------------

362
181
181

3 9 .5 2 5 4 .5 0
4 0. 0 2 5 2 .5 0
3 9. 5 2 56 .5 0

265 .0 0
2 51 .0 0
2 71 .5 0

2 2 3 .0 0 -2 7 3 .5 0
2 1 0 .5 0 -2 9 2 .0 0
2 4 2 .5 0 -2 7 1 .5 0

_
-

1
1

14
8
6

37
23
19

37
23
l 4

99
20
24

122
27
95

28
16
12

25
21
9

12
10
2

9

3
3

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

”

“

-

9

1
1

“

~

290 .5 0
298 .0 0

2 6 2 .5 0 -3 1 0 .0 0
2 6 2 .0 0 -3 1 9 .5 0

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER

PROGRAMMERS

(B U SIN E S S )

3 9 .5 2 8 6 .5 0
4 0. 0 2 89 .5 0

9

3
3

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

“

“

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

-

~

”

“

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

“

“

9
3

8
7

7
5

19
ii

17
9

20
20

10
10

5
3

22
17

28
15

23
11

37
15

103
16

11
7

5
1

2
-

5
5

30
30

35
30

34
28

27
26

34
31

24
25

27
18

27
26

11
11

23
23

A
6

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3

9
3

15
14

20
17

19
11

16
15

10
10

11
11

3
3

_

-

-

9
9

18
18

18
16

9
8

8
7

8
8

1
1

12
12

3
3

-

-

7
7

-

-

“

~

-

-

28
28

28
23

22
16

5
5

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

9
9

12
12

153
153

106
106

83
83

81
71

67
53

37
30

52
48

2 22
150

39
39

9
9

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

8
8

35
35

97
97

25
25

26
26

26
26

10
10

199
143

37
37

9
9

_

_
-

3
3

42
42

43
43

24
24

40
32

34
25

5
2

38
38

7
7

2
2

-

-

-

_

9
9

9
9

103
103

28
28

12
12

15
14

2
2

2
2

-

_

-

_

-

96
76

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . CL AS S B ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------------

2 36
85

3 9.5
4 0.0

2 4 9 .5 0
2 3 3 .0 0

2 64 .5 0
2 33.00

2 2 9 .0 0 -2 7 1 .5 0
2 0 2 .0 0 -2 6 5 .0 0

D R A FT E R S -----------------------------------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------------

302
273

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 5 1 .0 0
2 51 .5 0

250 .0 0
2 50 .0 0

1 9 9 . 0 0 ” 2 9 9 • OD
1 9 6 .5 0 -3 0 2 .0 0

8
8

D R A F T F R S . C L A S S A -----------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------------

107
93

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 9 9 .5 0
3 02 .5 0

2 90 .0 0
299 .0 0

2 6 4 .0 0 -3 2 4 .5 0
2 6 0 .0 0 -3 3 0 .0 0

O R A F T E R S . C L A S S B ----------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------------

93
89

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 6 5 .5 0
2 66 .0 0

252 .0 0
2 52 .0 0

2 2 8 .0 0 -3 0 2 .0 0
2 2 8 .0 0 -3 0 2 .0 0

O R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ----------------------------------------MA NU F A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------

87
76

3 9.5
3 9.5

1 94 .5 0
1 9 3 .0 0

1 94 .0 0
1 88 .5 0

1 6 9 .5 0 -2 0 4 .0 0
1 A 6 .0 0 -2 0 3 .0 0

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S -----------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------------

868
761

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 8 5 .5 0
2 7 8 .5 0

279 .0 0
2 67 .5 0

2 2 8 .0 0 -3 5 8 .0 0
2 2 1 .0 0 -3 4 7 .0 0

_

_

-

-

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L AS S A MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------------

370
369

40. 0
4 0.0

3 16 .5 0
3 16 .5 0

3 45 .0 0
345 .0 0

2 6 0 .0 0 -3 5 9 .0 0
2 6 0 .0 0 -3 5 9 .0 0

_
-

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L AS S B MANUF A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

2 38
218

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 6 5 .5 0
2 6 3 .5 0

2 67 .5 0
2 52 .0 0

2 2 3 .0 0 -2 9 5 .0 0
2 2 1 .5 0 -2 9 5 .0 0

_
-

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS C MA NU F A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------

175
174

4 0. 0 2 16 .5 0
4 0. 0 2 1 6 .0 0

2 05 .0 0
204 .5 0

2 0 0 .0 0 -2 2 7 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0 -2 2 5 .5 0

_

-

See footnotes at end o f t a b le s .

16

"

1
1

-

9

3
3

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L AS S A ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------------




39
24
10

ii

-

~

-

~

“

-

“
”

”

-

-

“

“

-

”

“

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

~

-

“

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

“
-

“
-

-

-

-

Table A-10. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sexlarge establishments in Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
Average
(mean')
S e x , 5 o c c u p a tio n .

OFFICE

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
worker!

Week^r
hours1
(standard)

2 . 397
1 .8 08
589
93

39. 5
9 0.0
39. 0
90. 0

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

WOMEN

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------N 0 N M A N U F A C T U R IN 6 —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

$
2 97 .5 0
2 55 .0 0
2 22 .5 0
2 72 .0 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A -----------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------

82
80

9 0.0
40. 0

3 0 5 .5 0
3 0 6 .5 0

497
219
283

3 9 .5 2 00 .5 0
9 0 .0 2 09 .5 0
3 9. 0 1 94 .0 0

O R A F T E R S . C L A S S 8 -----------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------

70
70

9 0 .0 2 6 6 .0 0
9 0. 0 2 6 6 .0 0

MANU FA CT URI NG ------------------------------------------------NONMAN UFA CT UR ING -----------------------------------------

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------

58
58

39. 5 1 8 8 .5 0
39. 5 1 88 .5 0

3 9. 5 1 72 .5 0
4 0. 0 1 9 1 .0 0

KEY EN TR Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ---------MANU FA CT UR ING ------------------------------------------------NONMA NU FAC TUR ING -----------------------------------------

330
119
216

3 9.5
4 0.0
3 9.0

2 10 .0 0
2 29 .0 0
2 00 .0 0

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------

821
747

9 0 .0 2 89 .5 0
9 0. 0 2 7 8 .5 0

9 0.0
9 0.0

KEY EN TR Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S Bt
M A NUF AC TU RIN G -------------------------------------------------

100

40. 0

1 8 7 .5 0

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L AS S A M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------

367
366

4 0 .0 3 16 .0 0
9 0. 0 3 16 .0 0

ELE C TR O N IC S T E C H N I C I A N S . CLASS B M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------

217
217

4 0.0
4 0.0

2 63 .0 0
2 6 3 .0 0

ELECTRON ICS

164
164

9 0.0
9 0.0

2 14 .5 0
2 19 .5 0

S W IT C H BO A R D OPE RAT OR S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------

59

3 9.5

2 31 .5 0

See

fo o tn o te s

1 9 2 .5 0
1 71 .5 0

2 19 .5 0
2 26 .0 0

3 9 .0 159 .0 0
39. 5 1 76 .5 0
1 41 .5 0

218

3 9.0

151

39. 0 1 33 .0 0

87

MESS EN GER S

3 9.5
3 9.5

156
75

3 9.5

154 .5 0

9 0. 0 2 0 5 .0 0
9 0 .0 2 16 .5 0

A C CO UNT IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S Bt
MANU FA CT URI NG -----------------------------------

PR O F E S S IO N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - MEN

te c h n ic ia n s , class cm a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------ -------------------------

( B U S I N E S S ) -------------------------------------------MANU FA CT UR ING ------------------------------

255
203

90. 0 9 21 .0 0
9 0 .0 4 1 9 .0 0

COMPUTER S Y S T F H S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L AS S A ------------MANU FA CT UR ING ------------------------------

81
65

9 0 .0 4 8 8 .0 0
4 0. 0 4 84 .5 0

at en d o f t a b le s .




17

PROFESSIONAL and
OCCUPATIONS :
M A NU F A C T U RI NG

O

3 9. 5 2 0 7 .5 0
9 0. 0 1 8 6 .5 0
3 9. 5 2 29 .5 0

M A NUF AC TU RIN G

O

113
50
63

4 0 .0 2 20 .5 0
9 0 . 0 2 38 .5 0

C

3 9 .5 2 89 .0 0
9 0. 0 2 93 .0 0

MANU FA CT URI NG ------NONM AN UFA CT UR IN 6

291
173

CLASS

82
64

2 5 7 .0 0
2 57 .0 0

2 0 6 .0 0
195 .0 0
2 1 3 .5 0

CLERKS.

140

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ------------MA N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------

4 0. 0 1 77 .5 0

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5

FILE

2 60 .5 0

COMPUTER o p e r a t o r s :
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------

184

309
1 29
180

C L ER K S

3 9.5

125

9 0.0
9 0.0

SEC R ETA R IES .

F ILE

$
9 10 .5 0

COMPU TER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B ---------------------------------

68

2 9 2 .0 0
2 96 .0 0

299
133

9 0.0

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T S
(B U S I N E S S ) - CONTINUED

216
214

3 9.5
3 9.5

B
—

1 85 .0 0
1 8 9 .0 0

D RA FTE RS ------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------

369
279

T Y P I S T S . CLASS
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

90. 0
90. 0

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S R:
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS 0
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------

70
55

OROER C L E R K S . C L AS S B
MA NUF AC TU RIN G ------------------

39. 5 1 65 .0 0

AND T E C H N I C A L
MEN— C O N T I N U E D

39. 5 2 25 .0 0
3 9 .5 2 2 1 .5 0
3 9. 5 2 31 .5 0

2 60 .0 0
2 60 .5 0

A
—

74
130
119

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

326
201
125

9 0.0
4 0.0

T Y P I S T S . CLASS
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

ORDER CLERKS ---------MANUFA CTU RING

Weekly
hours1
(standard)

A C CO UNT IN G C L E R K S . C L A S S A
M A NUF AC TU RIN G -------------------------------NONMAN UFA CT UR ING ------------------------

893
795

319
1 88

SW ITC HBOARD OPERA T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S -

PROFESSIONAL
O CCUPATIONS -

a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

--------------------------------

, class c
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------

T Y P I S T S ----------------------M A N U F A C TU R IN G

-

Se x , 3 o c c u p a ti o n ,

39. 5 2 00 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 00 .5 0

s ec r eta r ies

86
53

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

790
385

9 0 .0 2 7 8 .0 0
9 0 .0 2 8 1 .0 0
4 0. 0 2 5 9 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . 6 EN E R A L
N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------

O F F I C E O C C U P A T IO N S
WOMEN— C O N T IN U E D

Weekly
hours
(standard)

4 0. 0 1 6 2 .5 0
4 0. 0 1 6 3 .0 0

9 51
390
61

S T EN OG RA PH E RS —
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

and indue t r y d i v i s i o n

72
69

S E C R E T A R I E S . CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------N O NM A N U FA C T UR IN G —

CLASS E
m a n u fa c tu r in g
-------------N O N M A N U FA C T UR IN G —

Sex , 3 oc c u p a ti o n ,

Number
of
workers

o

3 9. 5 2 89 .0 0
4 0. 0 3 07 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L AS S A
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
woikers

2 35 .5 0

tec h n ic a l

WOMEN

drafters

--------------------------------------------------

Table A-11. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers—large establishments
in Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978




18

Table A-12. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers—large establishments
in Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
Hour l y earnings

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h ou rly e a rn in g s o f—

s
of
workers

O cc up a tio n and i n d u s try d iv is io n

2 .60
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

s

s
8 .2 0

*
8 .8 0

s
5 .0 0

5 .40

*
6 .2 0

S
6 .6 0

t

8 .6 0

*
5 .8 0

s

3 .80

S
8 .0 0

s

3 .6 0

.0 0

.4 0

7 . 80

8 .2 0

3 .0 0

3 .8 0

3 .6 0

3 . 80

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

4 .4 0

8 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .8 0

5 .8 0

S. 20

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

.8 0

.8 0

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9 .0 0

9 .4 0

9 .8 0

-

-

1

1
1

2
1
1

-

4
3
1

36
35
i

17
11
6

11
11
"

10
10
-

7
5
2

8
7
1

9
7
2

33
33

119
17
102

18
18
-

833
433

82
70
12

18

6

-

4

i

2

192

12

-

3 . 20

TR A C TO R -TR A ILER

--------

7 88
224
564

$
8 . 64
7 .7 3
9 . 00

$
9 . 18
7 . 89
9 . 18

$
8 .2 4 6 .1 1 9. 18-

$
9. 36
9 .6 3
9 . 36

3 35

8 .6 5

9 .1 8

8 .2 4 -

9 .1 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1
1

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

9
8

3
3

13
13

20
20

9
8

5
2

3
2

“

”

1

2

2

3

28

13

4

4

2

1

S H I P P E R S ------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

107
56

6 .8 2
5 .0 6

5 .7 5
5 .0 9

5 .0 4 4 .8 0 -

8 .2 1
5 . 31

-

RECEIVERS

133

7 . 00

8 . 21

5 .0 4 -

8 .21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SHIPPERS

-

“

“

7
5

4
-

-

13
13

1
1

8
8

11
11

16
12

28
17

32
20

12
5

4
2

1 12
111

15
3

16
7

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

6
6

8
8

29
29

15
15

5
5

4
4

27
27

38
38

4
8

10
10

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

285
*

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

3
3

18
17

81
78

13
10

6
6

47
47

61
55

5
4

27
9

-

15
5
10

21
12
9

27
20
7

17
11
6

49
ii
38

18
18
8

17
10
7

18
3
15

29
27
2

27
11
16

20
11
9

82
27
15

75
75
“

-

-

-

i

i

1

7

9

1

R

10

12

27

75

-

-

25
19

18
9

48
ii

11
10

8
3

17
3

21
19

17
2

8
8

-

-

18
9

15

-

12
2

27
1
26

44
5
39

35
24
ii

50
12
38

66
28
38

28
16
12

71
49
22

165
86
119

130
32
98

10
7
3

27
22
5

47
45
2

5
2
3

79
79

85

-

45

6 . 87
6 .8 7

5 .6 4 4 .8 2 -

8. 16
6 .4 7

-

ORDER F I L L E R S ----------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

387
142

7 . 31
8 .5 7

8 . 90
4 .6 9

5 .0 5 3. 89-

8. 90
5 .0 5

-

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

349
237
1

6 .6 7
6 .0 0

6 .7 5
6 . 25
0 .^1

5 .2 85 .0 8f . 1U

7 . 70
6 .9 6
B. f

-

-

-

-

GUARDS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

375
237
138

5 .7 9
6 .1 3
5 .1 9

5 .9 2
6 . 34
4 . 50

4 .5 04 .6 24 .5 0 -

7 . 33
7 .5 6
6 . 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

A ------------------------------------------------

152

6 . 98

7 .3 3

6 .7 3 -

7 .5 6

-

-

-

-

G U A R D S . C L A S S B -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

218
95

5 .0 2
4 .9 3

8 . 50
4 . 45

4 .1 5 4 .0 3-

6 .0 0
5 .9 2

_

-

-

-

-

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S -------M A N U F A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

1 .1 8 8
368
820

4 .3 9
5 . 36
3 .9 5

8 . 28
5 .0 3
3. 50

2 .7 5 4 .4 52 .7 5 -

5 .32
6 .2 8
8 .6 7

318
318




“

22
1

6 .7 3
5 .6 8

S ee footn otes at end o f t a b l e s .

-

-

20
16

466
212

2
2

-

-

-

-

“

4
4
-

-

-

4
4

1

36

28

-

2
1

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------------------

-

45

17
15

“

36

2

16
7

1
1

5
5

1

7
7

6 .1 8
5 . 80

-

~

4
4

8 .2 2 3 .8 8-

class

45
“

2
2

5 . 15
4 . 83

,

8
-

3

21
16

5 .1 7
4 .8 2

*

-

93

-

5
5

132
84

-

1

-

-

AND R E C E I V E R S ---------------------------------m a n u fa c tu r in g
---------------------------------------------------

guards

■j------------*---------- T --------8 .6 0 9 .0 0 9 .4 0

WORKERS

T R U C K D R I V E R S -------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS*

$
3 .8 0

and
u nd e r
2 .8 0

ALL

S
*
S
2 . 80 3 . 00 3 . 2 0

-

3

1

1

195

“

45
-

39
4
35

-

-

-

-

“

”

“

-

-

-

-

-

1

“

-

-

-

~
“

-

-




Table A-13. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom.
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex—large establishments in Anaheim—Santa A n a Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
S e x , 3 occu p ation , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

A veras
hourly
earnings

S ex,

$
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R PE N T ER S —
M A N UF A C TU R IN G --------------------

87

7 . 86

60

8 . 13

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S
M A N UF A C TU R IN G --------------------

194
160

8 . 28
8 . 48

M A IN T E N A N C E

103

7 .4 3

---------

M A IN T E N A N C E MEC HA N IC S ( M A C H I N E R Y ) M A N UF A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------

341
332

7 .7 8
7 . 77

M A IN T E N A N C E MEC HA N IC S
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) ----------------------------------------------NO NM A N U FA C TU RI N G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------

135
111
49

8 .5 3
8 .5 8
9 . 05

T O O L AND D I E MAKERS -----------------------------------------MA N U F A C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------------

191
191

8 .6 0
8 .6 0

59

8 . 24

---------------------------------------

756
224
532

T R U C K D R IV E R S ----------------MA N U F A C TU R IN G —
NO NM A N U FA C TU RI N G
TRUCKDRIVERS.
SHIPPERS

TR A C TO R -TR A IL ER

-----------------

7 . 08

S H I P P E R S AND R E C E IV E R S
MA NU FA C TU R IN G --------------

119
71

5 . 19
4 . 79

WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------MA NU FA C TU R IN G --------------

4 42
2 04

6 .7 8
5 .7 2

1 26

4 .5 6

379

5 .6 5

F O R K L I F T OPERATORS -------------------MA NU FA CT U RI NG ------------------------NONMAN UFA CT URIN G -----------------

342
233
109

6 . 67
6.00
8 . 10

GUARDS -----------------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT U RI NG ------------------------NONMA NU FAC TUR ING -----------------

351
2 33
118

5 .8 7
6 .1 3
5 .3 6

A -----------------------

144

7 .0 4

G U A R D S . CL AS S B ----------------------MA NU FA CT U RI NG -------------------------

1 98
95

5 .1 0
4 .9 3

9 62
2 98
664

4 .1 2
5 .2 3
3 .6 3

M ATERIAL

HANO LIN G

CLAS S

LA BORERS

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L EA NE RS ------M A NUF AC TU RIN G ------------------------------------------------NONMA NU FAC TUR ING -----------------------------------------

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

$

127

GUARDS.
ENGINEERS

Average
(m ean*)
hourly
earnings 4

---------------------------------

R ECEIVERS

ORDER F I L L E R S !
MA NUF AC TUR ING

89
80

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S
MA N U F A C TU R IN G --------------

STA TIONA RY

Number
of

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T IO N S - MEN— C O N T IN U E D

M A IN T E N A N C E * TOOLROOM* AND
P O U E RP L A NT O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

PAINTERS

occupation, and in du stry division

8 .6 1
7 .7 3
8 .9 8

M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT ANO C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A TI O N S - WOMEN

-------J A N I T O R S . P O R TE R S .
MA NU F A C TU R IN G -

See footn otes at end of ta b le s.

20

and

cleaners

:
92

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Anaheim—
Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
In exp erienced typ ists

O ther in ex p erien c ed c le r ic a l w o r k e r s

M anufacturing
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r y

B ased on standard w eekly hours 9 of—

A ll
in d u stries
A ll
schedu les

ESTABLISHM EN TS

STUD IED

ES TA B L IS H M EN TS HAVING A S P E C I F I E D
M IN IM UM ---------------------------------------------------------------------

* 10 0 .0 0
* 10 5 .0 0
* 11 0 .0 0
* 11 5 .0 0
* 1 2 0 .0 0
* 1 2 5 .0 0
* 1 3 0 .0 0
* 1 3 5 .0 0
* 14 0 .0 0
* 1 4 5 .0 0
* 1 5 0 .0 0
* 1 5 5 .0 0
* 1 6 0 .0 0
* 1 6 5 .0 0
* 1 7 0 .0 0
* 1 7 5 .0 0
* 1 8 0 .0 0
* 1 8 5 .0 0
* 1 9 0 .0 0
* 1 9 5 .0 0
* 2 0 0 .0 0
* 2 0 5 .0 0
* 2 1 0 .0 0
* 2 1 5 .0 0
* 2 2 0 .0 0
* 2 2 5 .0 0
* 2 3 0 .0 0
* 2 3 5 .0 0
* 2 4 0 .0 0
* 2 4 5 .0 0
* 2 5 0 .0 0
* 2 5 5 .0 0

AND
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
ANO
AND
ANO
ANO
AND
AND
AND
AND
ANO
ANO
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
ANO
AND

UNDER * 1 0 5 . 0 0
UNOER * 1 1 0 . 0 0
UN0ER * 1 1 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 1 2 0 . 0 0
UNDER * 1 2 5 . 0 0
UNOER * 1 3 0 . 0 0
UNDER * 1 3 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 1 4 0 . 0 0
UNDER * 1 * 5 . 0 0
UNOER * 1 5 0 . 0 0
UNOER * 1 5 5 . 0 0
UNOER * 1 6 0 . 0 0
UNOER * 1 6 5 . 0 0
UNOER * 1 7 0 . 0 0
UNDER * 1 7 5 . 0 0
UNOER * 1 8 0 . 0 0
UNOER S 1 B 5 . 0 0
UNOER * 1 9 0 . 0 0
UNOER * 1 9 5 . 0 0
UNOER * 2 0 0 . 0 0
UNOER * 2 0 5 . 0 0
UNOER * 2 1 0 . 0 0
UNOER * 2 1 5 . 0 0
UNOER * 2 2 0 . 0 0
UNOER * 2 2 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 3 0 . 0 0
UNOER * 2 3 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 4 0 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 4 5 . 0 0
UNDER * 2 5 0 . 0 0
UNOER * 2 5 5 . 0 0
O V E R -----------------------

M an ufactu ring

N on m an ufactu ring

40

A il
sch ed u les

B a sed on standard w eekly hours 9 of—

A ll
in d u strie s
A ll
sch ed u les

40

Nonm anufacturing

40

A ll
sch e d u les

40

195

80

XXX

115

XXX

1 95

80

XXX

1 15

XXX

«7

28

28

19

12

62

32

31

30

22

_

_

1

1
2
3
5

1
2
3
5
6
4
2
-

2
3
2
1
2
1
3

1
2
i
1
1
2

11
6

1
6
3

1
6
3

4

4

4

2
6

2
6

1
1
3
5
3
3
2

.

-

1
1

_

-

_
-

_

-

4

4

4

-

-

-

1
-

-

i
i

1
1

i
1
i
2
-

i
i
1
1

i
1
i
2

1
i
3
~
1
1
1
~
2

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

1

i
_

_

1

1

-

6
A
2
—

i
2
2

-

1
1
-

-

-

1

i
-

1

-

1

1

4

1
1

5
8
8
i
2
2
1
2
2

1

1
1

-

3
3
3
-

-

-

-

~

1

*
-

~
-

-

-

1
1

1

1
1

i
“

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S H A V IN G NO S P E C I F I E D
M I N I M U M ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

21

10

XXX

11

XXX

32

12

XXX

20

XXX

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S WHICH D I D NOT EM PLOY
WORKERS IN T H I S C A T E G O R Y ----------------------------

127

42

XXX

85

XXX

101

36

XXX

65

XXX

1

S ee footn otes at end o f t a b le s .




21




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production
and related workers in Anaheim—Santa A n a Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
^ A l l>f u U ^ i m e <jn a n u fa ctu rin £j> ro d u c tio n _a n d >j- e la t e c ^ v o r k e r s = _ 1 0 0 j 3 e ircent^_
W o r k e r s o n l a t e s hi f t s

A l l w o r k e r s 10
S e c o n d shi f t

PERCENT
IN

ESTABLISHRENTS

WITH

OF

PAY

S e c o n d shi f t

T h i r d shi f t

WORKERS

LATE

SHIFT

PROVISIONS

--------

W I T H NO PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L F OR L » T E S H I F T W O R K --------W I T H PAY D I F F E R E N T I A L F OR L » T E S H I F T WORK ----------------U N I F O R M C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L ---------------------------U N I F O R M P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ---------------------------------------OT HE R D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------------------------------------------------------------------------AVERAGE

T h i r d shi f t

87.0

61.5

lf t. f t

5.7

1.5
85.5
56.8
16.1
12.6

61.5
23. 5
3. 5
34. 5

•6
18.2
11.8
4.2
2.2

5.7
2.5
< 11 )
3.2

17.7
7.2

19. 9
6. 4

1 7. 3
7.1

1 9 •0
10.0

DIFFERENTIAL

U N I F O R M C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L ---------------------------------U N I F O R M P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L -----------*---------------------------------P E R C E N T OF WORKERS BY T Y P E AND
AMOUNT OF P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L
UNI FORM c e n t s - p f r - h o u r :
5 C E N T S ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10 C E N T S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12 AND UNDER 13 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------------------1* C E N T S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------15 C E N T S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------18 C E N T S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------20 C E N T S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------22 C E N T S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------23 C E N T S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------25 C E N T S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------28 C E N T S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35 C E N T S ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------40 C E N T S -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.7
11.1
4.1
1.3
12.5
6.8

7. 1
1.8
5. 1

• ft

1 .4
12.7
1.9
l.«

UNI FORM p e r c e n t a g e :
5 P E R C E N T ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 P E R C E N T ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10 P E R C E N T --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.8
5.3
6.0

OTHER d
FULL
FULL
FULL

5. 6
5. 2
1.5

:
PAY FOR REOUCED
PAY FOR RED UC ED
PAY FOR RED UC ED

1.4

5. 1
2. 6
•4

.7
2.1
.8
•4
2.8
1.5
.2
.3
2.4
•6

.4
.i
d i»

.7
2.2
1.3

<i i >

.3
1.6
. 1

•2
2.6
.2

.2

.8
.i
.7

"
2. 5
1.0

_

if f e r e n tia l

D A Y 'S
D A Y 'S
O A Y 'S

HOURS------------------------------------HOURS PLU S CE NT S
HOURS P L U S P E R C E N T

S e e f o ot n ot es a t e n d of t a b l e s .

22

5.1
22.4
5.6

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers in Anaheim—Santa A n a Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s

Off ice w o r k e r s

Item
A l l i ndustri es

Manufacturing

Nonma n uf a ct ur i n g

100

100

Pu b l i c util i ti es

A l l industri es

Manuf act ur i ng

Nonmanufact uring

P u b l i c util i ti es

100

P E R C E N T OF WORKERS BY S C H E D U L E D
WE E K L Y HOURS AND D A Y S
ALL
20
25
30

35
36

36
36
37
37
38
38
40

45
48

FULL-TIHE

WORKERS -------------------------------

HOURS — 5 D A YS -------------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A YS -------------------------------------------------------HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------5 DA YS -------------------------------------------------------------------------6 0 A Y S -------------------------------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A YS -------------------------------------------------------HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------A D A Y S -------------------------------------------------------------------------6 D A Y S -------------------------------------------------------------------------1 / 4 H O U R S - 5 D A YS --------------------------------------------1 / 3 H O U R S - 5 D A YS --------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 D A Y S -------------------------------------------------------1 / 2 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------------------3 / 4 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------------------------------8 / 1 0 H O U R S - 5 DAYS -----------------------------------------HOURS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------4 DA YS -------------------------------------------------------------------------5 DA YS -------------------------------------------------------------------------6 0 A Y S -------------------------------------------------------------------------H O U R S - 5 1 / 2 D A Y S --------------------------------------------HOURS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------5 D A Y S -------------------------------------------------------------------------6 DA YS --------------------------------------------------------------------------

100
(12)
(12)
2
1
(12)
1
1
(121
1
1

_
-

1
1
-

-

-

2
-

1
-

-

-

92
3
89

94
5
90
2

i
(12)
(12)
(12)

“

100

_________ 100

100

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

1
1

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

(12)
(12)
4
3
i
2
1
1

-

-

1

-

-

100

3
89
89
-

100
100
-

-

i
(12)
(12)

1
3
18
6
2
70
(12)
70
(12)
-

(12)
(12)
-

_
-

i
i
-

95
(12)
95
-

_

_

2
4
28
9
2
55

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

100

-

_

55
(12 )

100

-

_
_

-

(12 )
(12)

-

-

-

39.8

39.0

40.0

_

A V E RA GE S C H E D U L E D
WE E K L Y HOURS
WE E K L Y

WORK S C H E D U L E S

----------------------------

39.7

o
o

ALL

39.4

40.0

S ee footn ote at end of t a b le s .




23

39. 3

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
Office w o rk e rs

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A l l industries

PERCENT
AL L

FULL-TIME

NUMBER

FOR WORKERS
PROVIDING

N onmanufacturing

P u b l i c u t il i t i e s

A ll industries

M anufacturing

N o n m anuf a c t u r ing

P u b lic utilities

OF WORKERS
WORKERS ----------------------

I N E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I D I N G
P A I D H O L I D A Y S -----------------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
P A I O H O L I D A Y S -----------------------------------------------AVERAGE

M anuf a c t u r ing

OF P A I D

100

100

100

<12 )

_

100

99

100

9 .6

1 0.3

9 .1

1 0.1

-

-

< 12»

-

-

i
i
<121

<12 )

-

100

100

100

6

-

14

-

< 121

94

100

86

100

99

9 .0

9 .7

8 .0

9 .8

100

100

-

HOLIDAYS

I N ESTABLISHMENTS
H O L I O A Y S -------------------------------

P E R C E N T OF WORKERS BY NUMBER
OF P A I D H O L I D A Y S P R O V I D E D
1 H A L F DAY ----------------------3 H A L F 0 AYS -------------------2 H O L I D A Y S ----------------------A H O L I O A Y S ----------------------5 H O L I D A Y S ----------------------6 H O L I D A Y S ----------------------P L U S 1 H A L F DAY
7 H O L I D A Y S ----------------------P L U S 1 H A L F DAY
PL US 2 H A L F DAYS
P L U S 3 H A L F DAYS
8 H O L I D A Y S ----------------------PL U S 1 H A L F OAY
9 H O L I D A Y S ----------------------P L U S 1 H A L F DAY
PL U S 2 H A L F DAYS
10 H O L I O A Y S -------------------PL U S 1 H A L F OAY
11 H O L I D A Y S -------------------12 H O L I O A Y S -------------------13 H O L I D A Y S -------------------14 H O L I D A Y S --------------------

1121
1
<121
2
1
9
<121
5
i

1
2
1
4

4
-

18
2
13
6
1
< 12»

6
i
2
12
1
10
4
23
4
21
10
2
1

94
93
92
90
80
7 *5
74
65
62
45
42
23
21
8

100
100
100
100
96
90
88
77
74
64
60
37
34
12

-

2
10
<121
17
3
1

1
15
<12>
5

4

~

“
2
7
26
2
2
13
“
2
2
1

< 1 2»
2l

51
“
15
7
“

-

<12)
5
< 1 2)
3
< 12 )
< 1 2)
<1 2 )
18
4
8
12
< 1 2)
19
2
14

8
5
1

2
-

5
i
-

< 12)
6
i
4
i
-

32
5
26
9
8
i

-

1
7
<12 )
2
-

<12 )
<12 )
26
6
11
19
1
11
-

7
7
3
<12 )

1
<12)
< 12 )
-

7
-

11
51
~
21
9
-

P E R C E N T OF WORKERS BY T O T A L
P A I D H O L I D A Y T I M E P R O V I O E O 13
1 / 2 DAY OR MORE -------2 DAYS OR MORE ----------4 OAYS OR MORE ----------6 DAYS OR MORE ----------7 DAYS OR MORE ----------7 1 / 2 DA YS OR MORE
8 OAYS OR MORE ----------8 1 / 2 DA YS OR MORE
9 DAYS OR MORE ----------9 1 / 2 D A Y S OR MORE
10 OAYS OR MORE -------10 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE
11 DAYS OR MORE -------12 OAYS OR MORE -------13 DAYS OR MORE -------14 DAYS -------------------------------

2

2

<12>

1

86
84
83
77
62
57
57
50
48
22

20
5
5
3
1

99

99

99

99

99

98
94
94
94
94
73
73

94

22
22

7

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




100
100

24

99

91
91
V3
69
61
48
29
27
13
5
i

100
100
100
100
98
93
93
87
86
82
81
49
44
18
9

i

99

100
100
100
100

92

98

90

98
98
92
92
81
81
30
30

99
99
99

90
64
58
47
29
17
I 7
10
3
<12 )

9

-

"

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Anaheim—Santa Ana
Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
Off ice w o r k e r s

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Ite m

PERCENT
ALL

OF

F U L L-TIM E

A l l i ndustri es

Manufacturing

Nonman uf a ct ur i n g

Pu b l i c util i ti es

A l l industries

Manuf act ur i ng

N o n m anuf a c t u r i ng

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

2

-

(121

9fl
94
3
1

100
100
-

99
97
3

21

44
-

P u b l i c ut il i t i es

WORKERS

WORKERS -----------------

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I D I N G
P A I D V A C A T I O N S ---------------------------------------IN E S TA B L IS H M EN TS PR O VIDIN G
P A I D V A C A T I O N S ---------------------------------------L F N G T H - O F - T I ME P A Y M E N T -------------P E R C E N TA G E PAY ME NT -------------------------OTHER PAY ME NT ----------------------------------------

100

IN

1

-

(12 1

_

100
95
5

99
9ft
2

100
100
-

93
1
2

95
3
5

92
(12 1
(12 1

88
-

10
1
87
3

9
(121
83
8

10
1
89

22
7
72

i
-

(12 1
-

-

90
93
5
1

100
93
7

6 MONTHS OF s e r v i c e :
UNDER 1 WEEK -------------------------------1 WEEK ------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------

i
26
1
1

1
31
1
2

1 YE AR OF s e r v i c e :
1 WEEK ------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS

55
1
4?
1

97
2
49
2

65
( 121
32

2 YE A R S OF S F R V I C E :
1 WEEK ------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------

ft
i
ft R
2
“

9
2
fl7
3
”

ft
~
90
(121

5
95
(121

(121
95
4
i

92
ft
“

97
i
2

4
91
2
2

2
92
2
3

7
R9
i
(121

1
99
(121

(121
94
4
2

(121
91
ft
1

(12 1
96
1
2

(121
90
4
6

( 121
91
ft
1

(12 1
89
i
9

(121
4 ft
4
97
1
(121

(121
64
10
26
~

(12 1
39
(12 1
59
1
(12 1

(121
5
81
2
12

( 121
5
80
3
12

(12 1
5
fll
i
12

AMOUNT

3

OF

PA ID

VACATION

A F T E R ! 1'

of s e r v i c e :
1 WEEK ------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------

48
(121
52

-

93
7
“

years

‘
a

-

:
1 WEEK ------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------

4
90
3
2

2
90
4
3

7
B9
i
(121

5 YE A R S o f s f r v i c e :
1 WEEK ------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER U WEEKS
9 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------

3
61
5
29
(12 1
“

2
71
ft
IB
“

5
4ft
i
43
(121

3
7
7ft
i
9

2
5
81
2
10

5
10
75
( 121
ft

years

of

93
7

s er v ic e

10 YE A R S OF S E R V I C E !
1 WEEK ------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER 8 WEEKS
8 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------

1
99
(121

75
25
(121

"
_
1
95
(121
4

See fo o tn o tes at end o f t a b le s .




25

90
7
3

83
11
7

1
90
7
3

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Anaheim—Santa A n a Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978— Continued
Office w o r k e r s

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item

AMOUNT OF P A IO
C O N T IN U E D

VACATION

A l l industries

Manufacturi ng

Nonmanufact uring

P u b l i c util i ti es

3
6
75
4
10

2
2
78
5
12

5
10
72
2
8

1
85
7
7

3
6
49
3
38

5
10
3b
1
46

Manuf act ur i ng

Nonmanufacturi ng

P u b l i c util i ti es

A F T E R 14-

12 YEARS OF S E R V I C E !
1 WEEK -----------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS A WEEKS --------------------------------------------------15 YEARS OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK -----------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS A WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER A ANO UNDER 5 WEEKS -

_

“

2
2
59
4
32
“

YEARS OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK ----------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS A WEEKS --------------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS —
5 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------

3
6
23
( 12»
52
2
12

2
2
22
< 12*
*3
4
6

5
10
2A
<12*
39
<12*
20

1
6
<12*
72

25 YEARS OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK -----------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER A WEEKS —
A WEEKS --------------------------------------------------OVER A ANO UNDER 5 WEEKS 5 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------OVER 5 ANO UNDER 6 WEEKS -

3
6
23
<12*
41
<12*
25
1

2
2
21
~
54
i
18
1

5
10
2A
<12*
2b
<12*
33
~

_

30 YEARS OF S E R V I C E :
1 WEEK -----------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER A WEEKS A WEEKS --------------------------------------------------OVER A ANO UNOER 5 WEEKS -•
5 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------OVER 5 ANO UNOER b WEEKS —
6 WEEKS ---------------------------------------------------

3
6
23
<12*
41
<12*
24
< 12*
1

2
2
21
54
i
17

5
10
2A
<12*
26
<12*
32
1

MAXI MUM V A C A T I O N A V A I L A B L E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS A WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER A ANO UNDER 5 WEEKS 5 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNOER 6 WEEKS b WEEKS -------------------------------------------------

3
6
23
<12*
41
<12*
2A
<12*
1

2
2
21
54
< 12*
17
~
3

20

Al l i ndustri es

3

1
19
7
73

20

1
6
<12*
13
80
'
_
i
6
<12*
13
73
7

"
_

5
10
2A
<12*
26
<12*
32
1

1
6
<12*
13
~
73
7

S ee footnotes at end o f ta b le s .




26

< 1 2)
4
79
5
12

<12*
1
78
8
13

(12 )
5
80
3
12

<12*
4
40
5
51
<12*

<12*
1
5A
9
36
~

<12 )
5
31
3
61
<12 )

<12)
4
1A
1
74
3
5

<12*
1
13
2
69
6
8

<12 )
5
1A
1
76
i
3

<12*
4
13
1
60
2
19
<12*

< 12*
1
11
~
58
5
23
1

<12 )
5
1A
1
61
1
18

< 12*
4
ii
i
62
2
18
1
1

<12*
1
11

<12 *
5
11
i
6A
1
16
1

2

_

<12)
4
ii
i
62
2
19
1
1

<12*
1
11
58
3
2A

<12 )
5
11
i
6A
1
16
1

-

58
5
21
-

2

1
79
16
5

_
1
25
16
59
~

_
1
1
7
86
6

_
1
1
7
23
68

_
1
1
7
23 .
59
9
“
_
i
i
7
23
~
59
9

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers in Anaheim—Santa A n a Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
Off ice w o r k e r s

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A l l industries

PERCENT

P u b l i c util i ti es

Nonmanufacturing

100

100

100

100

99

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

Pu b l i c ut i l i t i es

OF WORKERS
_ 100

100

99

99

100

99
78

99
86

98
72

100
99

82
82

83
63

97
81

75
52

67
67

63

98

92

90

93

99

10
10

20
17

65
65

27
20

17
17

38
23

56
56

56

66

ftft

78

80

81

79

79

-----------------

100

I N E S T A B L I S H M E N T S P R 0 W I 0 I N 6 AT
L E A S T ONE OF T H E B E N E F I T S
SHOWN R E L O U 1 5 -------------------------------------------------

96

98

9ft

100

L I F E I N S U R A N C E ---------------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S --------------------

9?
79

97
82

86
7ft

100
99

A C C I D E N T A L D E A T H AND
D I S ME MB E R ME N T I N S U R A N C E ----------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S --------------------

BO
Aft

88
73

70
62

SICKNESS
OR S I C K

70

76

15
13

ALL

A l l industries

Manufacturi ng

FULL-TIME

WORKERS

AND A C C I D F N T I N S U R A N C E
L E A V E OR BOT H 16--------------------

S I C K N E S S AND A C C I D E N T
I N S U R A N C E ---------------------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S -------------S I C K L E A V E ( F U L L PAY ANO NO
W A I T I N G P E R I O O ) ---------------------------------S I C K L E A V E ( P A R T I A L PAY OR
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) ----------------------------------

_ ....

100

.

12

7

17

21

10

8

12

20

LONG-TERM D I S A B I L I T Y
I N S U R A N C E ---------------------------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S --------------------

26
19

23
15

29
28

63
57

51
28

ft5
28

5ft
28

71
62

H 0 S P I T A L I 7 A T I 0 N I N S U R A N C E -------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S --------------------

95
77

98
81

92
71

100
87

99
57

99
7ft

99
ft 8

100
87

S U R G I C A L I N S U R A N C E ----------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S --------------------

95
77

98
81

92
71

100
87

99
57

99
7ft

99
ft 8

100
87

M E D I C A L I N S U R A N C E -------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S --------------------

9ft
77

98
81

90
71

1 00
87

99
57

99
7ft

99
ft 8

100
87

MAJ OR M E D I C A L I N S U R A N C E
NONCONT RI BUT ORY PLANS

---------------------------------------

9ft
75

95
78

92
71

100
87

99
57

99
7ft

99
ft 8

100
87

O E N T A L I N S U R A N C E ---------------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S --------------------

65
58

70
62

60
53

99
98

7ft
ft 8

80
63

70
39

99
99

R E T I R E M E N T P E N S I O N ---------------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S --------------------

65
57

62
52

70
63

87
87

81
67

76
61

83
71

89
89

See footnot es

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




27

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P rod u ction and relate d w o r k e r s
M an ufactu ring

A l l in d u strie s

M anuf ac tur ing

A ll in du stries

Item
A ll
plans 17

TYPE

OF
OF

N on con tribu to ry
plans 17

A ll
p lans 17

N on con tribu to ry
plans 17

A ll
plans 17

N on con tribu to ry
plans 17

A ll
p lans 17

N on con tribu to ry
plans 17

PL A N AND AMOUNT
INSURANCE

I L L F U L L - T I M E WORKERS ARE P R O V I D E D T H E SAME
F L A T - S U M DOL L AR AMOUNT !
PE RC E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WORK E RS 18------------AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E D ! 19
m e a n ----------------------------------------------------------------------MEDI AN ---------------------------------------------------------------MI DDL E RANGE ( S O P E R C E N T ) ---------MI OOL E RANGE ( RD P E R C E N T ) ----------

( MOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S B A S E D ON A S C H E D U L E
WHI CH I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D OO L L A R AMOUNT OF
I N S URA N C E FOR A S P E C I F I E D L E N G T H OF S E R V I C E !
P E RC E NT OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WO R K E R S 18--------------------------------AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E PROV I O F D 19 A F T E R !
6 MONTHS OF S E R V I C E !
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDI AN -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------MI DDL E RANGE < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------------MI DOL E RANGE ( RO P E R C E N T ) -----------------------------1 YEAR OF S E R V I C E !
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDI AN -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------MI ODL E RANGE ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------------MI OOL E RANGE < RO P E R C E N T ) -----------------------------5 YEARS OF S E R V I C E !
m e a n -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDI AN -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------MI ODL E RANGE ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------------MI DDL E RANGE ( RO P E R C E N T ) -----------------------------10 YEA RS OF S F R V I C E !
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDI AN -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------MI DDL E RANGE ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------------MI ODL E RANGE <80 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------------20 YEARS OF S E R V I C E !
m e a n -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDI AN -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------MI DDL E RANGE ( 5 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------------MI DOL E RANGE ( 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------------------

51
*6.000
*5.000
* 5 . 0 0 0 - 8.000
*2.000-10.000

6

44
*6.000
*5.000
* 5 . 0 0 0 - 8.000
*2.000-10.000

6

57
*6.600
*5.000
* 5 . 0 0 0 - 8.000
*3.500-10.000

6

6

23
* 6. 800
* 5. 000
*4.500-10.000
*3.000-10.000

?

22
*6.600
*5.000
*4.500-10.000
*3.000-10.000

37
*7.700
*7.500
*5.000-10,000
*4.000-11.000

2

1

33
* 7 » 400
*8.000
* 5 » 0 0 0 - 10.000
*4.500-10,000

1

*4 • 000
*5.000
* 2 . 0 0 0 - 5.000
*1 . 0 0 0 - 1 0 . 0 0 0

*4.000
*5.000
* 2 . 0 0 0 - 5.000
*1.000-10.000

*4.800
*2.000
* 1 . 000- 10.000
*1.000-10*000

* 4 . ROO
*2,000
*1.000-10.000
*1.000-10.000

(6)
(A l
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6»
(6)
(6)

(6 )
(6>
(6)
<6 )

* 4 . ROO
*5.000
* 2 . 5 0 0 - 5.000
*2.000-10.000

* 4 . ROO
*5.000
* 2 . 5 0 0 - 5.000
*2.000-10.000

*4.700
*2.500
*2.000-10.000
*500-10.000

<4,700
*2.500
*2.000-10.000
* 500- 10,000

* 4, 200
*5.000
* 2.00 0 - 5.000
*2.00 0 - 5.000

*4.200
*5.000
* 2 . 0 0 0 - 5.000
*2.000- 5.000

(
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6»
(6>
(6)
(6)

*8.000
*5.000
* 5 . 0 0 0 - 5.000
*5.000-20.000

*8.000
*5.000
* 5 . 0 0 0 - 5.000
*5.000-20.000

*0.800
*5.000
*5.000-20.000
*2.000-20.000

*o» rOo
*5.000
*5» 0 0 0 - 2 0 . 0 0 0
*2.000-20.000

S8* 800
*10.000
*5.000-10.000
*5.000-10.000

*8.800
*10.000
*5.000-10.000
*5.000-10.000

(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

*10.500
*10.000
*8.000-10.000
*5.000-20.000

*10.500
*10.000
*8.000-10.000
*5.000-20.000

*10.700
*8.000
*5.000-20.000
*2.000-20*000

*10,700
*8,000
*5,000-20.000
*2.000-20.000

*8,800
* 10.000
*5.000-10.000
*5.000-10.000

*8.800
*10.000
*5.000-10.000
*5.000-10.000

(6)
(6)
( 6>

<6 )
(6)
(6 )
(6)

*10.500
*10.000
*8.000-10.000
*5.000-20.000

*10.500
*10.000
*8.000-10.000
*5.000-20.000

*10.700
*8.000
*5.000-20.000
*2.000-20.000

* 10.700
*8.000
*5.000-20.000
*2.000-20.000

* 8 , ROO
*10.000
*5.000-10.000
*5.000-10.000

*8.800
*10.000
*5,000-10.000
*5.000-10.000

(6)
(6)
(6)
<6>

(6)
(6 )
(6 >
(6)

See footnotes at end o f t a b le s .




50
*6.300
*5.000
* 5 . 0 0 0 - 8.000
*2.000-10.000

28

( 6)
( 6)

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers in Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif., October 1978 — Continued
P rod u ction and r ela te d w o r k e r s
A l l in du stries

O ffice w o r k e r s

M an ufactu ring

A ll in d u strie s

A ll
plans 1

N on con tribu to ry
plans 17

A ll
plans 1

Non c on trib u tory
plans 17

1A

12

18

12

A ll
plans 1

M anufacturing

N on contribu tory
plans 17

A ll
plans 1

N oncontributory
plans 17

T Y P E OF PL A N AND AMOUNT
OF I N S U R A N C E - C O N T I N U E D

AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S B A S E D ON * S C HE D UL E
U H I C H I N D I C A T E S A S P E C I F I E D D O L L A R AMOUNT OF
I N S U R A N C E F OR A S P E C I F I E D AMOUNT OF E A R N I N G S :
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WORK E RS 18 -----------------------AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E P R O V I D E D 19 I F :
annual e a r n in g s
are
*5, 000:
m e a n ---------------------

ANNUAL

MI D D L E RANGE
M I D D L E RANGE
E A R N I N G S ARE

C 80 P E R C E N T )
SlOi ooo:

ANNUAL

MI D D L E RANGE
M I O O L E RANGE
E A R N I N G S ARE

< 50
C 80
* 15

------------ —

* 7. 000
*6 » 000
*5.000-11.000
*5.000-12.000

ANNUAL

$?0

ME D I A N
MI D D L E
MI D D L E

< 50
< 80

RANGE
RANGE

* 8.000
*7, 500
*5.400-10*000
*5*000-12.000

*7.000
*7.000
*5,00 0 - 9.500
*5,00 0- 9,500

*16*200
*15.000
12* 000- 20*000
10* 000- 2 0.0 00

*15.100
*15.000
*12.000-15.000
*11.700-20.000

*18.700
*15.000
*10.000-25.000
*10.000-30.000

*13.000
* 1 1 .000
*10.000-15.000
* 10. 000- 20.0 00

*15*400
*15.000
12* 000- 20*000
* 1 0 , 000- 20*000

(14,800
*15,000
* 12 . 000- 2 0.0 00
* 1 0 , 200- 2 0 ,0 0 0

*22*600

*25.600
* 20.0 00
*15.000-40.000
*15.000-50.000

*17.800
*15.000
*15.000-17.800
*15.000-30.000

*22.300
* 20*000
*16.000-30*000
*14.000-30*000

*20.500
* 2 0.0 00
*15,000-30,000
*14.000-30.000

* 3 1 .2 0 0
* 2 1 .0 0 0
*20.000-40.000
*15.000-50.000

*22.400
* 20.000
* 20. 000- 2 1.00 0
*15.000-30.000

*27.900
*30.000
*20*000-35.000
*14.000-40.000

*26.900
*30,000
*17*800-40,000
(14*000-40.000

*20*000-30*000
*15*000-30*000

*20.300
*20.000
* 1 7 .8 0 0 -2 0 .0 0 0
*14*000-25.000

*27.200
* 21.000
*20.000-55.000
* 1 7 . B O O - 4 2 . 000

* 2 4 . R00
* 21.0 00
*20.000-30.000
*15.000-40.000

*29*500
*30*000
*20*000-35*000
*17*800-40*000

*28* 300
*30.000
*20,000-30.000
*14,000-40.000

* 20*000

ooo:

ON SOMF

OT HER

9

1 . 32

1.00
1 . 00- 2 . 0 0
1 . 00- 2 . 0 0

2
*130.600
* 150.000
*100.000-150.000
*50.000-200.000

9

1.28
1 .0 0
1. 00- 2 .0 0
1. 00- 2 .0 0

8

8

1.38
1 .0 0
1. 00- 2 .0 0
1. 00- 2 .0 0

1.38
1.00
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

25

1.32
1 .0 0
1. 00- 2 .0 0
.50-2.00

21

1.20
1 .0 0
.50-2.00
.50-2.00

22

1.54
1.50
1. 00- 2 .0 0
1. 00- 2 .0 0

22

1.54
1.50
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

6

5

5

19

17

19

19

2

2

2

6

4

2

2

*130.600
*150.000
*100.000-150.000
*50.000-200.000

<6 )
<6 )
( 6)
<6 )

TYPF

WORK E RS 18 --------------------------

See footn otes at end o f t a b le s .




*

ooo:

AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S E X P R E S S E O AS A F A C T O R OF
ANNUAL E A R N I N G S : 20
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WO R K E R S 18------------------------F A C T O R OF ANNUAL E A R N I N G S U S E D TO C A L C U L A T E
a m o u n t o f i n s u r a n c e : 19 20
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N ----------------------------------------------------------------------------M I O O L E RANGE < 5 0 P E R C E N T > ---------------------M I O O L E RANGE < RO P E R C E N T ) -----------------------P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WORKERS C OVERED BY
P L A NS N OT S P E C I F Y I N G A MAXI MUM AMOUNT OF
I N S U R A N C E -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E WORKERS C OV E RE D BY
P L A N S S P E C I F Y I N G A MAXI MUM AMOUNT OF
I N S U R A N C E -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S P E C I F I E D MAXI MUM AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E : 19
M E A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------ME D I A N -----------------------------------------------------------------------------M I D D L E RANGE < 5 0 P E R C E N T ) -----------------------MI D D L E RANGE < 8 0 P E R C E N T ) ------------------------

AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E I S RAS ED
OF p l a n :
P E R C E N T OF A L L F U L L - T I M E

*6.800
*5.400
* 5 . 0 0 0 - 6.000
* 5 . 0 0 0 - 9,500

* 1 8 . BOO
*17,800
*15.000-20.000
*14.000-25.000

*

21

*7.500
* 6 .0 00
* 5 . 0 0 0 - 9,500
*5.000-11.000

* 21.100
* 2 0 .0 0 0
*16.000-25.000
*15.000-50.000

*

30

*7* 700
*5.000
* 5 * 0 00 - 9*500
*5*000-16.000

* 1 0 . 000- 2 2 . 0 0 0

* 1 1 . 000- 2 0 . 0 0 0

24

*8.700
* 7* BOO
*5*000-12*000
* 5 * 0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0

*13.700
* 1 2.000
*11.000-15.000
* 10. 000- 20.000

*15.000
* 15.000

M I O O L E RANGE
M I O O L E RANGE
EARNINGS are

* 6 . R00
*6.000
* 5 . 0 0 0 - 7.000
*5.000-10.000

3R

29

(

6

)

<6 )

<6 )

<6 )

*

2 2 2 .0 0 0

*175.000
*50.000-500.000
*20.000-500.000

*255.900
*150.000
*20.000-500.000
*20.000-500.000

* 134.200
* 150.000

* 1 0 0 . 000- 2 0 0 ,0 0 0
*50,000-200.000

(134.200
(150,000
( 1 0 0 , 0 0 0 - 2 0 0 . OOC
* 5 0 . 0 0 0 - 2 0 0 . OOC

Footnotes

Some of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

14 Includes payments other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage
of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's
pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect
individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions
at 10 years include changes between 5 and 10 years. Estim ates are cumula­
tive. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after 10 years
includes those eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer years of service.
15 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which
at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer.
"Noncontributory
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are
legally required plans, such as w orkers' disability compensation, social s e ­
curity, and railroad retirement.
16 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and
accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to
those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay
that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave allowances determined
on an individual basis are excluded.
17 Estimates under "A ll plans" relate to all plans for which at least
a part of the cost is borne by the employer. Estim ates under "Noncontrib­
utory plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer.
*8 For "A ll in d u stries," all fu ll-tim e production and related workers
or office workers equal 100 percent.
For "M anu facturing," all full-tim e
production and related workers or office workers in manufacturing equal 100
percent.
19 The mean amount is computed by multiplying the number of workers
provided insurance by the amount of insurance provided, totaling the prod­
ucts, and dividing the sum by the number of w orkers. The median indicates
that half of the workers are provided an amount equal to or sm aller and half
an amount equal to or larger than the amount shown. Middle range (50 p e r­
cent)— a fourth of the workers are provided an amount equal to or less than
the sm aller amount and a fourth are provided an amount equal to or more
than the larger amount. Middle range (80 percent)— 10 percent of the work­
ers are provided an amount equal to or less than the sm aller amount and 10
percent are provided an amount equal to or more than the larger amount.
20 A factor of annual earnings is the number by which annual earnings
are multiplied to determine the amount of insurance provided. For example,
a factor of 2 indicates that for annual earnings of $ 10,000 the amount of
insurance provided is $ 20,0 0 0 .

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive
their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at reg­
ular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly
hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of
all workers and dividing by the number of workers.
The median desig­
nates position— half of the workers receive the same or more and half re­
ceive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn the same or less than
the lower of these rates and a fourth earn the same or more than the
higher rate.
3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was
provided by the establishment.
4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
5 Estim ates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for
skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates re­
late to men and women.
6 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.
7 Form ally established minimum regular straight-tim e hiring sa l­
aries that are paid for standard workweeks.
8 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger.
9 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for
the most common standard workweeks reported.
10 Includes all production and related workers in establishments
currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose form al provisions
cover late shifts, even though the establishments were not currently
operating late shifts.
11 Less than 0.05 percent.
12 Less than 0.5 percent.
13 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount;
for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 10 days
includes those with 10 full days and no half days, 9 full days and 2
half days, 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then
were cumulated.




30

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In each of the 75 1 areas currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains
wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication,
and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance,
and real estate; and serv ices. Government operations and the construction
and extractive industries are excluded. Establishments having fewer than a
prescribed number of workers are also excluded because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number
of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this
survey, as well as the number actually studied.
Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-y ear
intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment
and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal
v isit, m ail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments
participating in the previous survey.
A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is
selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, less
establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial
scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In
most ca ses, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope
of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey.
The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all
establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry
and number of em ployees. From this stratified universe a probability
sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance
of selection.
To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater
proportion of large than sm all establishments is selected. When data are
combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of
selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one
out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent
itself plus three others.
An alternate of the same original probability is
chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available
from the original sample m em ber. If no suitable substitute is available,
additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is sim ilar to the
m issing unit.
1 In clu ded in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, O hio; Birm ingham , A la .; N orfolk —V irginia Beach—Portsmouth and N ewport News—H am pton, V a .—N .C .;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; and U tica—R om e, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more
lim ite d area studies in app roxim ately 100 areas at the request o f the Em ploym ent Standards Adm inistration o f
the U. S. D epartm ent o f Labor.




Occupations and earnings
Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1)
Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom,
and powerplant; and (4) material movement and custodial. Occupational
classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job.
Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B,
Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles
are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations
listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the
survey, are not presented in the A -s e r ie s tables because either (1) employ­
ment in the occupation is too small to provide enough data to merit presen­
tation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment
data. Separate men's and women's earnings data are not presented when the
number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men
or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined.
Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in
the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information
to subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-tim e
w orkers, i .e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings
data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office
clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard
workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive
regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular
and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations
are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution
of workers on some- A -tables indicate a change in the size of the class
intervals.
These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area
at a particular tim e. Comparisons of individual occupational averages over
time may not reflect expected wage changes. The averages for individual
jobs are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For example,
proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firms may change,
or high-wage workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new
workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an
occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase
wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in
table A -7 , are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for
individual jobs within the groups.

Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estim ates. Industries
and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute
differently to the estimates for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments.

Electronic data processing2
Computer systems
analysts, classes
A , B , and C
Computer program m ers,
classes A , B , and C

Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations
should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within
individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences
include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid
incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the
general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees
in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual
establishments and allow for minor differences among establishments in
specific duties performed.

Industrial nurses
Registered industrial
nurses
Skilled maintenance
Carpenters
Elect ricians

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all estab­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed.
Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of
occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These
differences in occupational structure do not affect m aterially the accuracy of
the earnings data.

Percent changes for indivic
as follows:

Skilled maintenance—
Continued
Painters
Machinists
Mechanics (machinery)
Mechanics (motor vehicle)
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant
Janitors, porters, and
cle aners
M aterial handling laborers
areas in the program are computed

1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for
the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived
from earnings in those establishments which are in the
survey both years; it is assumed that employment
remains unchanged.

Wage trends for selected occupational groups
The percent increases presented in table A -7 are based on changes
in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting
the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments).
The data are adjusted to remove the effect on average earnings of employ­
ment shifts among establishments and turnover of establishments included
in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by
factors other than wage increases.
Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may
affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid
under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods
of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom
of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates.
The percent changes relate to wage changes between the indicated
dates. When the time span between surveys is other than 12 months, annual
rates are shown. (It is assumed that wages increase at a constant rate
between surveys.)

2.

Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its
proportionate employment in the occupational group in
the base year.

3.

These weights are used to compute group averages.
Each occupation's average earnings (computed in step 1)
is multiplied by its weight.
The products are totaled
to obtain a group average.

4.

The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is
computed by dividing the average for the current year
by the average for the earlier year.
The result—
expressed as a percent— less 100 is the percent change.

For a more detailed description of the method used to compute
these wage trends, see "Improving Area Wage Survey In d e x es," Monthly
Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52-5 7 .
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
The incidence of selected establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions is studied for full-tim e production and related workers and
office workers. Production and related workers (referred to hereafter as
production workers) include working supervisors and all non supervisory
workers (including group leaders and trainees) engaged in fabricating,
processing, assembling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling, pack­
ing, warehousing, shipping, maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard se r ­
v ices, product development, auxiliary production for plant's ow n use
(e .g ., powerplant), and recordkeeping and other services closely a ssoci­
ated with the above production operations.
(Cafeteria and route workers

Occupations used to compute wage trends are:
Office clerical

Office clerical— Continued

Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Typists, classes
A and B
File clerks, classes A ,
B , and C
Messengers
Switchboard operators

Order clerks, classes
A and B
Accounting clerks,
classes A and B
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Payroll clerks
Key entry operators,
classes A and B




2
The earnings o f com puter operators are not includ ed in the w age trend com putation io r this group.
A revised jo b description is being introduced in this survey w hich is not equivalent to the previous description.

32

are excluded in manufacturing industries but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.) In finance and insurance, no workers are considered to be
production workers. Office workers include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including lead workers and trainees) performing
clerical or related office functions in such departments as accounting,
advertising, purchasing, collection, credit, finance, legal, payroll, personnel,
sa le s, industrial relations, public relations, executive, or transportation.
Adm inistrative, executive, professional, and part-time employees as well
as construction workers utilized as separate work forces are excluded from
both the production and office worker categories.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B - l ) . Minimum entrance salaries
for office workers relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the
optimum sampling techniques used and the probability that large establish­
ments are more likely than sm all establishments to have formal entrance
rates above the subclerical level, the table is more representative of policies
in medium and large establishments.
(The " X 's " shown under standard
weekly hours indicate that no meaningful totals are applicable.)
Shift differentials— manufacturing (table B -2 ) . Data were collected
on policies of manufacturing establishments regarding pay differentials for
production workers on late shifts. Establishments considered as having
policies are those which (1) have provisions in writing covering the operation
of late shifts, or (2) have operated late shifts at any time during the 12
months preceding a survey. When establishments have several differentials
which vary by job, t-he differential applying to the majority of the production
workers is recorded. When establishments have differentials which apply
only to certain hours of work, the differential applying to the majority of
the shift hours is recorded.
For purposes of this study, a late shift is either a second (evening)
shift which ends at or near midnight or a third (night) shift which starts at
or near midnight.
Differentials for second and third shifts are summarized separately
for (1) establishment policies (an establishment's differentials are weighted
by all production workers in the establishment at the time of the survey)
and (2) effective practices (an establishment's differentials are weighted by
production workers employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey).
Scheduled weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health,
insurance, and pension plans. Provisions which apply to a majority of the
production or office workers in an establishment are considered to apply to
all production or office workers in the establishment; a practice or provision
is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority. Holidays;
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are considered applicable
to employees currently eligible for the benefits as well as to employees who
will eventually become eligible.

written form or established by custom). Holidays
in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday
granted another day off. Paid personal holiday
the automobile and related industries, are included

Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are
granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted
specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are
aggregated).
Paid vacations (table B -5 ) . Establishments report their method of
calculating vacation pay (time b a sis, percent of annual earnings, flat-sum
payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay granted. Only basic formal
plans are reported. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and "extended"
or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans are excluded.
For tabulating vacation pay granted, all provisions are expressed
on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is
converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual earnings,
for example, is tabulated as 1 week's vacation pay.
A lso, provisions after each specified length of service are related
to all production or office workers in an establishment regardless of length of
service. Vacation plans commonly provide for a larger amount of vacation
pay as service lengthens. Counts of production or office workers by length
of service were not obtained. The tabulations of vacation pay granted
present, therefore, statistical m easures of these provisions rather than
proportions of workers actually receiving specific benefits.
Health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -6 and B -7 ). Health,
insurance, and pension plans include plans for which the employer pays
either all or part of the cost. The cost may be (1) underwritten by a
comm ercial insurance company or nonprofit organization, (2) covered by a
union fund to which the employer has contributed, or (3) borne directly by
the employer out of operating funds or a fund set aside to cover the cbst.
A plan is included even though a majority of the employees in an establish­
ment do not choose to participate in it because they are required to bear
part of its cost (provided the choice to participate is available or will
eventually become available to a majority). Legally required plans such as
social security, railroad retirem ent, w orkers' disability compensation, and
temporary disability insurance 3 are excluded.
3
Tem porary disability insurance w hich provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
w hich is not w ork -con n ected is mandatory under State laws in C alifornia, New Jersey, New Y ork, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans w hich m eet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under w hich (1 ) em ployers contribute m ore than is leg a lly required or (2 ) benefits e x ce e d those specified in the
State law are included.
In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out o f a State fund to which only em ployees
contribute. In each o f the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financingt In Californ ia, only em ployees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
em ployees and em ployers contribute; in New Y ork, em ployees contribute up to a specified m axim um
and em ployers pay the d ifference betw een the em ployees' share and the total contribution required.

Scheduled weekly hours and days (table B -3 ). Scheduled weekly
hours and days refer to the number of hours and days per week which full­
time first (day) shift workers are expected to work, whether paid for at
straight-tim e or overtime rates.

Private plan financing: In C alifornia and New Jersey, em ployees cannot be required to contribute
m ore than they w ould i f they w ere covered by the State fund; in New York, em ployees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
ben efit provided.

Paid holidays (table B - 4 ) . Holidays are included if workers who
are not required to work are paid for the time off and those required to
work receive prem ium pay or compensatory time off. They are included
only if they are granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in




are included even though
and employees are not
plans, typically found in
as paid holidays.

Federal legislation ( Railroad U nem ploym ent Insurance A c t) provides tem porary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether w ork -con n ected or not. The legislation requires that em ployers
bear the entire cost o f the insurance.

33

Life insurance includes form al plans providing indemnity (usually
through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker.
Information is also provided in table B -7 on types of life insurance plans
and the amount of coverage iij all industries combined and in manufacturing.
Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans
which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a
direct result of an accident.
Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plains which
provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees
who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e .g ., $ 50 a week
for up to 26 weeks of disability.
Sick leave plans are limited to form al plan s4 which provide for
continuing an em ployee's pay during absence from work because of illness.
Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no
waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a
waiting period.
Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally
disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sick­
ness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability
(typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a
maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial pay­
ments are almost always reduced by social security, w orkers' disability
compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee.
Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance plans reported
in these surveys provide full or partial payment for basic services rendered.
Hospitalization insurance covers hospital room and board and may cover
other hospital expenses. Surgical insurance covers surgeons' fees. Medical
insurance covers doctors' fees for home, office, or hospital calls. Plans
restricted to post-operative medical care or a doctor's care for minor
ailments at a w orker's place of employment are not considered to be
medical insurance.
Major medical insurance coverage applies to services which go
beyond the basic services covered under hospitalization, surgical, and
medical insurance. Major medical insurance typically (1) requires that a
"deductible" (e .g ., $ 5 0 ) be met before benefits begin, (2) has a coinsurance
feature that requires the insured to pay a portion (e .g ., 20 percent) of
certain expenses, and (3) has a specified dollar maximum of benefits (e .g .,
$ 10, 000 a year).
Dental insurance plans provide normal dental service benefits,
usually for fillings, extractions, and X -r a y s . Plans which provide benefits
only for oral surgery or repairing accident damage are not reported.
Retirement pension plans provide for regular payments to the
retiree for life. Included are deferred profit-sharing plans which provide
the option of purchasing a lifetime annuity.

Labor-management agreement coverage
The following tabulation shows the percent of fu ll-tim e production
and office workers employed in establishments in the Anaheim—Santa A n a Garden Grove area in which, a union contract or contracts covered a
m ajority of the workers in the respective categories, October 1978:
Production and
related workers
A ll industries___________
Manufacturing_______
Nonmanufacturing___
Public u tilitie s___

10

36
28
45
94

8
12
74

An establishment is considered to have a contract covering all
production or office workers if a m ajority of such workers is covered by
a labor-management agreement.
Therefore, all other production or office
workers are employed in establishments that either do not have lab ormanagement contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer than
half of their production or office workers.
Estim ates are not n ecessarily
representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered
by the provisions of labor-management agreem ents, because sm all estab­
lishments are excluded and the industrial scope of the survey is limited.

Industrial composition in manufacturing
Almost one-half of the workers within the scope of the survey in
the Anaheim-Santa Ana—Garden G rove, Calif, area were employed in manu­
facturing firm s. The following presents the major industry groups and
specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Electric and electronic
equipment___________________ 29
Machinery, except
e le c tr ic a l___________________ 11
Transportation equipment___ 11
Fabricated metal products__
8
Instruments and related
products_____________________ 8
Food and kindred products__
5
Rubber and miscellaneous
plastics products__________
5

4
A n establishm ent is considered as having a form al plan if it specifies at least the m inim um number
o f days o f sick leave available to each em p lo y e e .
Such a plan n eed not be written, but inform al sick leave
allow ances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.
from




Office workers

Specific industries
Communication equipment__ 20
Office and computing
m achines____________________ 6

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived
universe materials compiled before actual survey.
Proportions in
various industry divisions may differ from proportions based on the results
of the survey as shown in appendix table 1.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Anaheim—
Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif.,1 October 1978
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts

N u m b er of e sta b lish m e n ts

In d u stry d iv is io n 2

ALL
ALL

DIVISIONS

ALL

DIVISIONS

W ithin sc o p e of study
W ithin sc o p e
of stud y 1
3
2

Studied
Studied

T o t a l4
N u m b er

Pe rcen t

F u ll-t im e
p rodu ction and
re la te d w o r k e r s

F u ll-t im e
o ffic e w o r k e r s

T o t a l4

ESTABLISHMENTS
1.248

199

294*896

100

148,482

49.224

130,306

SO
-

A80
768

80
119

134 * 502
160.394

46
54

81.587
66t 8 9 5

18? 4 9 9
30.725

64.556
65.750

so

35
106
297
115
215

17
10
3R
35

1 6 « 33 9
14.213
69.133
26.915
3 3 * 794

6
5
23
9
ii

8. 7 1 5

so
so
50

4.296
(6 |
((.»
f* >
<6 >

13,658
1.426
32.277
8t 4 8 6
9,903

-

102

61

134*933

100

61,183

...... 2 4 . 9 7 7

105.701

500
-

47
55

29
32

64.555
70 •378

48
52

30.181
31.002

10,758
14.219

53.181
52.520

500
500
500
500
500

9

7

1 3 t 38 3

27
11
8

17
5
3

37,865
10.448
8,682

10
28
8
6

7.312
<‘ *
(<> >

----------------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T I O N . AND
O T H E R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 ------------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
-------------------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE
--------------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE. INSURANCE. ANO REAL ESTATE
--------------S E R V I C E S 7 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------LARGE

em p loym en t
in e sta b lish ­
m ents in scope
of study

ip

(<>i

<61
(6)
(<>)

ESTABLISHMENTS
----------------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T I O N . ANn
O T H E R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
-------------------------------------retail
TRADE
-----------------------------------------FIN A N C E . INSURA N C E . AND REAL E S T A T E
--------S E R V I C E S 7 ------------------------------------------------

1 T h e A n a h eim —Santa A n a—G a r d e n G r o v e Standard M e trop olitan S ta tistic a l A r e a , as defin ed by
the O ffic e o f M a n a g em en t and B ud get throu gh F e b r u a r y 19 7 4 , c o n sists of O ran ge County.
The
"w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in this ta b le p rovide a rea so n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip ­
tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y .
E s t im a te s a r e not in tended,
h o w e v e r , fo r c o m p a r is o n w ith o th er e m p lo y m en t in dexes to m e a s u r e em p loym en t tre n d s or le v e ls
sin c e (1) planning of w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e sta b lish m e n t data c om p iled c o n sid e r a b ly in ad vance
of the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a r e excluded fr o m the sc o p e o f the
su rv e y .
2 T h e 1972 ed ition o f the S tan d ard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u sed to c la s s i f y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts b y in d u str y d iv isio n .
H o w e v e r , a ll g overn m en t operation s are exclu d ed f r o m the scop e
o f the su rv e y .




I‘ >

I‘ )

3» 6 3 8
I 6>
<6 )
( 61
(t)

12.299
29,283
5? 894
5.044

3 In clud es a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with to ta l e m p lo y m en t at or ab ove the m in im u m lim itation .
A ll
ou tlets (w ithin the a r e a ) of c o m p a n ie s in in d u str ie s su ch as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto rep air s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ictu re th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d as one e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In clud es e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, p a r t - t im e , and other w o r k e r s exclu d ed f r o m the sep arate
p rodu ction and o ffic e c a te g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s
in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp o r ta tio n a r e exclu d ed .
6 S ep a ra te p r e se n ta tio n o f data is not m ad e fo r this d iv isio n .
7 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d ries and other p e r so n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile
r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; nonp rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iza tio n s (excluding relig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s); and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

35

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the
Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into
appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of
payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to
establishment and from area to area. This permits the grouping of
occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability
of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ sig­
nificantly from those in use in individual establishments or those pre­
pared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the
Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working super­
visors; apprentices; and part-tim e, tem porary, and probationary workers.
Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their
handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless
specifically included in the job description, are excluded.

Office
SECRET ARY— Continued

SECRETARY

Exclusions— Continued

Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual.
Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activ­
ities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of
detailed supervision and guidance. P erform s varied clerical and secretarial
duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the
organization, program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.

a. Positions which do not meet the
described above;

secretary concept

b. Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;
c. Stenographers serving as office assistants
fessional, technical, or managerial persons;

Exclusions

to a group of pro­

d. Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more re ­
sponsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which
are not typical'of secretarial work, e .g ., Administrative A s s is t­
ant, or Executive A ssistant;

Not all positions that are titled "se c r e ta r y " possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition
are as follows:




"p erso n a l"

Listed below are several occupations for which revised descriptions or titles are being introduced
in this survey:
Guard
Shipper and receiver
(previously surveyed
as shipping and
receiving clerk)
Truckdriver

Order clerk
Payroll clerk
Secretary
Key entry operator
Transcribing-m achine typist
Computer operator

The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for tabulating-machine operator.
classified as watchmen are now classified as guards under the revised description.

36

W orkers previously

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRET ARY— Continued

Exclusions— Continued

Classification by Level— Continued

e.

Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the
sections below titled ''Level of S u p erviso r," e .g ., secretary to the
president of a company that employs, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 persons;

f.

Trainees.

Classification by Level

e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e.g ., a middle management supervisor of an organi­
zational segment often involving as many as several hundred
persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
LS- 4

Secretary jobs which meet the above characteristics are matched at
one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary's supervisor
within the company's organizational structure and, (b) the level of the
secretary's responsibility. The chart following the explanations of these two
factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the
factors.

b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all,
over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer
level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that
employs, in all, over 25,0 0 0 persons.

Level of Secretary's Supervisor (LS)
Secretaries should be matched at one of the four LS levels described
below according to the level of the secretary's supervisor within the company
organizational structure.
LS—1

a.

Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e .g ., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or

b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician
or expert.
(NOTE: M a n y companies assign stenographers,
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of
supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
LS—2

a.

b.

LS—3

Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in
the definition for LS—3, but whose organizational unit normally
numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided
into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further
subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range
of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or
other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons.

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.

NOTE: The term "corporate o fficer" used in the above LS def­
inition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policy­
making role with regard to major company activities. The title "vice
p resid en t," though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases
identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility is to
act personally on individual cases or transactions (e .g ., approve or deny
individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; di­
rectly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
o ffice rs" for purposes of applying the definition.
Level of Secretary's Responsibility (LR)
This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between
the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is
expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched
at LR—1 or LR—2 described below according to their level of responsibility.
Level of Responsibility 1 (LR—1)
Perform s varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most
of the following:
a.

Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100
but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or

Answers telephones,
coming m ail.

greets

personal

callers,

and

opens in­

b. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers.
reply to requests by sending a form letter.

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over
either a m ajor corporatewide functional activity (e .g ., marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major
geographic or organizational segment (e.g ., a regional headquar­
te r s; a m ajor division) of a company that employs, in all,
over 5, 000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or

c.

calendar

and

makes

e. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.

37

May

Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by
others for the supervisor's signature to ensure procedural and
typographical accuracy.

d. Maintains supervisor's
instructed.

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.,
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all,
over 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or




a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5 ,000 persons; or

appointments

as

SECRET ARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

Level of Responsibility 2 (LR—2)

Stenographer, Senior

P erform s duties described under LR—1 and, in addition perform s
tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions
including <?r comparable to most of the following:

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up
and maintain file s , keep records, etc.

a. Screens telephone and personal ca llers, determining which can
be handled by the supervisor's subordinates or other offices.
b.

Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of o f­
fice procedures or collection of information from files or
other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or
supervisor's name.

c.

Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis
of general instructions.

d. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. A s ­
sem bles necessary background m aterial for scheduled meetings.
Makes arrangements for meetings and conferences.
e.

Explains supervisor's requirements to other employees in super­
v iso r 's unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)

The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each
LS and LR combination:

Level of secretary's
_____ supervisor_____

Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater in­
dependence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by
the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and
accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office pro­
cedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing steno­
graphic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow­
up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; com ­
posing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming
m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST
Prim ary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does
not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in
legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written
copy. May maintain file s , keep simple records, or perform other relatively
routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved
with shorthand dictation.)

Level of secreta ry 's responsibility
TYPIST
LR—1

LS—1.
LS—2____
LS—3.
LS—4__

OR

Class
Class
Class
Class

E
D
C
B

LR—2
Class
Class
Class
Class

D
C
B
A

STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe
the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a
stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if
primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-M achine
Typist).
NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a
secretary norm ally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager
or executive and perform s more responsible and discretionary tasks as
described in the secretary job definition.

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterials or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include
typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating
p ro cesses.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and
distributing incoming m ail.
Class A . Perform s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial
in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several sources; or
responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of tech­
nical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial; or planning layout
and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit
circumstances.
Class B . Perform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from
rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p olicies, etc.;
or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables
already set up and spaced properly.
FILE CLERK

Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain file s,
keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.




F iles, cla ssifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing
system . May perform clerical and manual tasks required.to maintain files.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

FILE CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

Class A . C lassifies and indexes file material such as correspond­
ence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system
containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this
m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files.
May lead a sm all group of lower level file clerks.

adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer;
furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following-up
to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know
of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice
against original order.

Class B . S o rts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-referen ce aids. As requested,
locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards m aterial. May p er­
form related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.

Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include
any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material
or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowl­
edge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing
selling skills; handling material or merchandise as an integral part of the job.

C lass C . P erform s routine filing of material that has already been
classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification
system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested,
locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m aterial; and may
fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.

Positions
definitions:

MESSENGER
P erform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or m a ilers, opening and distributing
m a il, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation
of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.

are

classified

into

levels

according to

the following

C lass A . Handles orders that involve making judgments such as
choosing which specific product or material from the establishment's product
lines will satisfy the custom er's needs, or determining the price to be quoted
when pricing involves more than m erely referring to a price list or making
some simple mathematical calculations.
C lass B . Handles orders involving items which have readily iden­
tified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer's manual,
or sim ilar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify
price of ordered item.
ACCOUNTING CLERK

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private
branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem
calls.
May provide information to ca llers, record and transmit m essages,
keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone
switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work
(typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker's
tim e, and is usually perform ed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or
lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are
excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard
Operator-Receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as
an operator— see Switchboard Operator— and as a receptionist. Receptionist's
work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of v isitor's
business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appro­
priate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and
arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors.
ORDER CLERK
Receives written or verbal custom ers' purchase orders for material
or merchandise from custom ers or sales people. Work typically involves
some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availa­
bility of ordered item s and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising
expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer
information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and




P erform s one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to
registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal con­
sistency, com pleteness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents;
assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying
for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting,
etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal
vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system.
The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office
practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and re­
cording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the
worker typically becom es familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a
knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting.
Positions
definitions:

are

classified into levels

on the basis of the following

Class A . Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical
operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for
example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting trans­
actions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes
and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting
actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or
m ore class B accounting clerks.
Class B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions
and standardized procedures, perform s one or more routine accounting
clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets

ACCOUNTING CLERK— Continued

PAYROLL CLERK— Continued

where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated;
checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed
accounting codes.

listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings;
and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system , computes wages. Work may require a practical
knowledge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the
computer system for processing payrolls.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter key­
board) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure
of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and
distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B . Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a
set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases
or sections include accounts payable, payroll, custom ers' accounts (not in­
cluding a simple type of billing described under machine b iller), cost dis­
tribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting
department.
MACHINE BILLER
Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings
or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing
operations. For wage study purposes, machine billers are classified by type
of machine, as follows:
Billing-machine b ille r . Uses a special billing machine (combination
typing and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from custom ers'
purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges
and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on
the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by
machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

KEY ENTRY OPERATOR
Operates keybbard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch
machine or key-operated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe
data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in
operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing
procedures and relevant data entry equipment.
Positions
definitions:

are classified into levels on the basis of the following

Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment
in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting,
selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents.
On occasion may also perform routine work as described for class B.
NOTE: Excluded are operators above class A using the key entry
controls to a ccess, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to
take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a sim ilar level of
knowledge.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision
or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from
various standardized source documents which have been coded and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers
to supervisor problems arising from erroneous item s, codes, or m issing
info rmation.

Professional and Technical
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS

Bookkeeping-machine b iller. Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or
without a typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers* bills as part of the
accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of
figures on custom ers' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints
automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge
of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.
PAYROLL CLERK
Perform s the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to
maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following: Processing
workers' time or production records; adjusting w orkers' records for changes
in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll




Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving
them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete
description of all specifications needed to enable program m ers to prepare
required digital computer program s. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions
and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and
types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be
performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation
to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of
work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and
participates in trial runs of new and revised system s; and recommends
equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations.
(NOTE:
Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be
classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

Does not include employees primarily responsible for the man­
agement or supervision of other electronic data processing em ployees,
or system s analysts prim arily concerned with scientific or engineering
problem s.

language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work
involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capa­
bilities, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular sub­
ject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to
be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow
charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these
charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects
program s; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production
run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating effi­
ciency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program de­
velopment and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems anal­
ysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)

For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or ufider only general direction on
complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are
complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use require­
ments of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production
scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in
which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full
system of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the
computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing
problems and advises subject-m atter personnel on the implications of new or
revised system s of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if
needed, for approval of m ajor systems installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.

Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the man­
agement or supervision of other electronic data processing employees,
or programm ers prim arily concerned with scientific and/or engineering
problem s.
For wage study purposes, programm ers are classified as follows:

May provide functional direction to lower level system s analysts
who are assigned to assist.

Class A . Works independently or under only general direction
on complex problems which require competence in all phases of pro­
gramming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts
which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to
be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the prob­
lem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed
to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products.

Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and
operate. Problem s are of limited complexity because sources of input data
are homogeneous and the output data are closely related.
(For example,
develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining
accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory
accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with
persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises
subject-m atter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems
to be applied.

At this level, programming is difficult because computer equip­
ment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse prod­
ucts from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and ex­
tensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be re­
used, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to
data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and
substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a
highly integrated program.

OR
Works on a segment of a' complex data processing scheme or
system , as described for class A . Works independently on routine assign­
ments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work
is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to
insure proper alignment with the overall system.

May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who
are assigned to assist.

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS

Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
relatively simple program s, or on simple segments of complex programs.
Program s (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two
or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from
input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy
and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically,
the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations.

Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a
system s analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are re­
quired to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment.
Working from charts or diagram s, the programmer develops the p re­
cise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded

Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under
close direction of a higher level program m er or supervisor. May assist
higher level programm er by independently performing less difficult tasks
assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction.

Class C . Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses
as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to
develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and
skills required for system s analysis work. For example, may assist a higher
level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by
program m ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.




OR

41

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

May guide or instruct lower level program m ers.

Class B . In addition to established production runs, work assign­
ments include runs involving new p rogram s, applications, and procedures
(i.e ., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problem s).
At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly
independently in carrying out most assignm ents. Assignments may require
the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating
procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error con­
ditions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may
deviate from standard procedures when standard procedures fail if deviation
does not materially alter the computer unit's production plans. Refers the
problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a
solution. May guide lower level operators.

Class C . Makes practical applications of programming practices
and concepts usually learned in form al training courses. Assignments
are designed to develop competence in the application of standard pro­
cedures to routine problem s.
Receives close supervision on new aspects
of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance
with required procedures.
COMPUTER OPERATOR
In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates
the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by
either serial processing (processes one program at a tim e) or m ulti­
processing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following
duties characterize the work of a computer operator:

- Starts and operates computer.

Class C . Work assignments are limited to established production
runs (i.e ., programs which present few operating problem s). Assignments
may consist prim arily of on-the-job training (sometimes augmented by
classroom instruction). When learning to run program s, the supervisor or a
higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the
operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience
with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in
applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to
computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a,
higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.

- Responds to operating and computer output instructions,

PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR

- Studies
needed.

operating

- Loads equipment
paper, etc.).

instructions
with

to

required

determine
items

equipment

(tapes,

cards,

setup
disks,

- Switches necessary auxilliary equipment into system .

- Reviews error m essages and makes corrections during operation
or refers problems.

Operates peripheral equipment w h i c h 'directly supports digital
computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed
for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically
connected to a computer. P rin ters, plotters, card read/punches, tape
readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units
are examples of such equipment.

- Maintains operating record.
May test-run new or modified program s. May a ssist in modifying
system s or program s. The scope of this definition includes trainees working
to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer
operators, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level
operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote term inals.

The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment
operator:

Class A . In addition to work assignments described for a class B
operator (see below) the work of a class A operator involves at least one
of the following:

- Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting
controls for form s, thickness, tension, printing density, and
location; and unloading hard copy.

- Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of infor­
mation or to conserve computer time even though the procedures
applied m aterially alter the computer unit's production plans.

-

- Tests new program s, applications, and procedures,

- Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment.

- Advises program m ers
techniques.

and

subject-m atter

experts

- Labelling tape reels, disks, or card decks.

on s e t u p

- Observing panel lights for warnings
taking appropriate action.

- A ssists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating
system s or program s; (2) developing operating instructions and
techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to
emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working
knowledge of program language, computer features, and software
syste m s).
An operator at this level typically guides




lower

Checking labels and mounting and dismounting
reels or disks on specified units or drives.

and error

designated tape

indications and

- Examining tapes, cards, or other m aterial for crea ses, tea rs,
or other defects which could cause processing problem s.
This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a
control console (see computer operator) or a remote term inal, or (2) whose
duties are limited to operating decollaters, b u rsters, separators, or sim ilar
equipment.

level operators.

42

COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN

Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used
for automatic data processing applications. The following or sim ilar duties
characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging,
and storing media in accordance with a standardized system ; upon proper
requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases
and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to
determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs
to damaged tapes.

Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices
by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining,
repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing.
Work requires practical application of technical knowledge of electronics
principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in
required operating condition.
The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circuits
or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited
to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g.,
radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and
analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling
equipment.

DRAFTER
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting
precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may
recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the
details of form , function, and positional relationships of components and
parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work
is reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering
determinations. May either prepare drawings or direct their preparation by
lower level drafters.

This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic
equipment as common office machines and household radio and television
sets; production assem blers and testers; workers whose primary duty is
servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative
or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional
enginee r s .
Positions
definitions:

Class B . P erform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques
regularly used.
Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares working
drawings of subassem blies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and
precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural
drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of founda­
tions, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and
manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of
m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives
initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Completed
work is checked for technical adequacy.

are classified into levels on the basis of the following

Class A . Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually
complex problems (i.e ., those that typically cannot be solved solely by
reference to manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and
density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and
frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of
the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in per­
forming such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave form s,
tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test in­
struments (e .g ., dual trace o scilloscopes, Q -m e te r s, deviation m eters,
pulse generators).

Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of
drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three dimensions
in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components
and convey needed information.
Consolidates details from a number of
sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of
approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given
with initial assignm ents. Instructions are less complete when assignments
recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.

Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or
designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.
Class B . Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve com­
plex problems (i.e ., those that typically can be solved solely by properly
interpreting m anufacturers1 manuals or sim ilar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelation­
ships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the
class A technician.

D R A FT E R -TR A C E R
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and a
large scale not requiring close delineation.)

Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted
practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower
level technicians.

AND/OR
Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or
routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed in­
structions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such

Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
Work is closely supervised during progress.




43

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN— Continued

tasks as: A ssisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as
replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing
simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments
(e.g ., m ultim eters, audio signal generators, tube teste rs, oscilloscopes). Is
not required to be fam iliar with the interrelationships of circuits. This
knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to in­
crease competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance
to higher level technician.

equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of
wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools
and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the main­
tenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician. Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed
review when new or advanced assignments are involved.
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the prem ises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or
injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of
applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving
health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or
other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel.
Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than
one nurse are excluded.

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
MAINTENANCE CARPENTER
Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters,
benches, partitions, doors, flo ors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood
in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions;
using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard
measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to di­
mensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the work. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distri­
bution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves
most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical
equipment such as generators, tran sform ers, switchboards, controllers,
circuit breakers, m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other tran s­
m ission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other
specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or




MAINTENANCE PAINTER
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an estab­
lishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities
and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for
painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes
and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix colors,
o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or con­
sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
MAINTENANCE MACHINIST
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work in­
volves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and specifica­
tions; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard
machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard
shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds
of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common m etals;
selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for this work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop
practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in
scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs;
preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs or for the production of
parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all
necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery
maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)
Repairs automobiles, bu ses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and per­
forming repairs that involve the use of such handtools as'w ren ch es, gauges,

MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)— Continued

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER

d rills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; re ­
assembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making
necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or
tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by
performing specific or general duties of le sse r skill, such as keeping a
worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine,
and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials
and too ls, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to
perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

This classification d o e s not i n c l u d e
custom ers' vehicles in automobile repair shops.

mechanics

who

repair

MAINTENANCE P IP E FITT ER

M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying
out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other
written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with
chisel and ham mer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven
machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers;
making standard shop computations relating to pressu res, flow, and size of
pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes
meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers prim arily
engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating system s
are excluded.

Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine
tool (e .g ., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to
machine metal for use in making or maintaining jig s, fixtures, cutting tools,
gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or
nonmetallic m aterial (e .g ., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically
involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which
require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine
tool or tools (e .g ., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working
tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined;
determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select
those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of
precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during
machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances.
May be required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils,
to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the
work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in
this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and tool­
room practice usually acquired through considerable on-the-job training and
experience.

MAINTENANCE SH E E T -M E T A L WORKER
F abricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lock ers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment.
Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all types of
sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifica­
tions; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working
machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping,
fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheet-m etal articles as required. In
general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are
required. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out work;
interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety of handtools
and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to str e sse s, strength
of m aterials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment;
selecting standard to o ls, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and
maintaining in good order power transm ission equipment such as drives and
speed reducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a
rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include machine-tool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing
shops.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and repairs jig s, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or
metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic
material (e .g ., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves:
Planning and laying out work according to m odels, blueprints, drawings, or
other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of
common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations;
setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using
various tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die m aker's
work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing
shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).

STATIONARY ENGINEER

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER— Continued

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or a irconditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as
steam engines, air com p ressors, generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating
and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps;
making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation of machinery,
temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations.
Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one engineer
are excluded.

Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following:
Verifying the correctness of incoming shipments by comparing items and
quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, m anifests, storage
receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that
goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the
establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Shipper
Receiver
Shipper and receiver

BOILER TENDER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which em ­
ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water and
safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

WAREHOUSEMAN
As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require
an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most
of the following: Verifying m aterials (or merchandise) against receiving
documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages; routing
m aterials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
m aterials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and
taking inventory of stored m aterials; examining stored m aterials and re­
porting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and
preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing
warehousing duties.

Material Movement and Custodial
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m aterials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
custom ers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in
good working order. Sales route and over-th e-road drivers are excluded.

Exclude workers whose prim ary duties involve shipping and re ­
ceiving work (see Shipper and Receiver and Shipping Packer), order filling
(see Order F iller), or operating power trucks (see P ow er-Truck Operator).

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and
rated capacity of truck, as follows:
Truckdriver, light truck
(straight truck, under IV2 tons, usually 4 wheels)
Truckdriver, medium truck
(straight truck, IV2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels)
Truckdriver, heavy truck
(straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels)
Truckdriver, tractor-trailer

ORDER FILLER
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slip s, custom ers'
ord ers, or other instructions.
May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing ord ers, requisition
additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other
related duties.

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER
P erform s clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping
goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming
shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established
guidelines. In handling unusual nonroutine problem s, receives specific guid­
ance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the
activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being
received.

SHIPPING PACKER
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container
employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in
shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following: Knowledge
of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate
type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior
or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing
container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following:
Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities
of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments
are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into
transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e .g .,
manifests, bills of lading.




46

M A TERIAL HANDLING LABORER

GU ARD— Continue d

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or
other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following;
Loading and unloading various m aterials and merchandise on or from freight
c a r s, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting
m aterials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshore
w orkers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.

Guards employed by establishments which provide protective se r ­
vices on a contract basis are included in this occupation.
For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows:
Class A . Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of
security. E xercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with em er­
gencies and security violations encountered.
Determines whether first
response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed
necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to re­
port situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority.
Duties
require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security
areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical
fitness and proficiency with firearm s or other special weapons.

P O W ER-TRU C K OPERATOR
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck
or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse,
manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

Class B . Carries out instructions prim arily oriented toward in­
suring that em ergencies and security violations are readily discovered and
reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which
require minimal action to safeguard property or persons.
Duties require
minimal training.
Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate
physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate
proficiency in the use of firearm s or special weapons.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows:
Forklift operator
Pow er-truck operator (other than forklift)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and
washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or
other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Sweeping,
mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other
refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or
trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning,
lavatories, showers, and restroom s. Workers who specialize in window
washing are excluded.

GUARD
Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards
or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on
foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized
to make a rrests.
May also help visitors and customers by answering
questions and giving directions.




47

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The following areas are sur­
veyed periodically for use in admin­
istering the Service Contract Act
of 1965. Survey results are pub­
lished in releases which are availa­
ble, at no cost, while supplies last
from any of the BLS regional offices
shown on the back cover.
Alaska (statewide)
Albany, Ga.
Alexandria—Leesville, La.
Alpena—Standish—Tawas City, Mich.
Ann A rbor, Mich.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—S.C.
Austin, Tex.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Battle Creek, Mich.
Beaumont—Port Arthui^-Orange, Tex.
Beaumont—Port Arthui^-Orange
and Lake Charles, Tex.—La.
Biloxi—Gulfport and Pascagoula—
Moss Point, M iss.
Binghamton, N.Y.
Birmingham, Ala.
Bloomington—Vincennes, Ind.
Bremerton—Shelton, Wash.
Brunswick, Ga.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—Urban a—Rant oul, 111.
Charleston—North Charleston—
Waiterboro, S.C.
Charlotte—Gastonia, N.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
Clarksville—Hopkinsville, Tenn.—Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia—Sumter, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—Ala.
Columbus, M iss.
Decatur, 111.
Des Moines, Iowa
Duluth—Superior, Minn.—Wis.
El Paso—Alamogordo—Las Cruces,
Tex.—N. Mex.
Eugene—Springfield—Medford, Oreg.
Fayetteville, N.C.




Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood
and West Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, Fla.
Fort Smith, Ark.—Okla.
Frederick—Hagers town—
Chambersburg, Md.—Pa.
Goldsboro, N.C.
Grand Island—Hastings, Nebr.
Guam, Territory of
Harrisburg—Lebanon, Pa.
Knoxville, Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas—Tonopah, Nev.
Lim a, Ohio
Little Rock—North Little Rock, Ark.
Logansport—Peru, Ind.
Lorain—E lyria, Ohio
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.—Va.—Del.
Macon, Ga.
Madison, W is.
Maine (statewide)
Mansfield, Ohio
McAllen—Phar r—Edinburg
and Brownsville—Harlingen—
San Benito, Tex.
Meridian, M iss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, and
Ocean C os., N.J.
Mobile—Pensacola—Panama City,
A la.—Fla.
Montana (statewide)
Nashville—Davidson, Tenn.
New Bern—Jacksonville, N.C.
N ew H a m p s h ir e (sta te w id e )

New London—Norwich, Conn.—R.I.
North Dakota (statewide)
Northern New York
Northwest Texas
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard-Simi Valley—Ventura, Calif.
Peoria, 111.
Phoenix, A riz.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Pueblo, Colo.
Puerto Rico
Raleigh—Durham, N.C.
Reno, Nev.
Salina, Kans.

Salinas—Seaside—Monterey, Calif.
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa Barbara—Santa Maria—
Lompoc, Calif.
Savannah, Ga.
Selma, Ala.
Shreveport, La.
South Dakota (statewide)
Southern Idaho
Southwest Virginia
Spokane, Wash.
Springfield, 111.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Tampa—St. Petersburg, Fla.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson—Douglas, A riz.
Tulsa, Okla.
Upper Peninsula, Mich.
Vermont (statewide)
Virgin Islands of the U.S.
Waco and Killeen—Tem ple, Tex.
Waterloo—Cedar Falls , Iowa
West Virginia (statewide)
Wichita Falls—Lawton—Altus,
Tex.—Okla.
Wilmington, Del.—N.J .—Md.
Y akima—Richland—Kennewick—
Pendleton, Wash.—Oreg.

ALSO AVAILABLE—
An annual report on salaries for
accountants, auditors, chief account­
ants, attorneys, job analysts, direc­
tors of personnel, buyers, chem ists,
engineers, engineering technicians,
drafters, a n d clerical employees
is available. Order as BLS B ulle­
tin 1980, National Survey of P ro­
fessional, Administrative, Technical
and C lerical Pay, March 1977, $ 2 .4 0
a copy, from any of the BLS re­
gional sales offices shown on the
back cover, or from the Superin­
tendent of Documents, U.S. Govern­
ment Printing Office, Washington,
D.C. 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins
may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back
cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D .C . 20402. Make checks payable to Superintendent of
Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years
1970 through 1976, is available on request.

A rea
Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1978_______________________________________
Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N .Y ., Sept. 1978 1______________
Anaheim^-Santa Ana—Garden Grove,
C alif., Oct. 1978 1 ____________________________________________
Atlanta, G a ., May 1978 1______________________________________
B altim ore, M d., Aug. 1 9 7 8 1__________________________________
B illings, M ont., July 1978____________________________________
Birmingham, A la ., M ar. 1978________________________________
Boston, M a s s ., Aug. 1 9 7 8 1 ___________________________________
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1977 ______________________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1978_______________________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—G a ., Sept. 1978 1-----------------------------------Chicago, 111., May 1978________________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1978________________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1978___________________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1978 1 ---------------------------------------------------Corpus C hristi, T e x ., July 1978_____________________________
D a lla s-F o rt W orth, T e x ., Oct. 1978 1 _______________________
Davenport—Rock Island—M oline, Iowa—111., Feb. 1978--------Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1977 1--------------------------------------------------------Daytona Beach, F la ., Aug. 1978______________________________
Denver—Boulder, C o lo ., Dec. 1977 1--------------------------------------Detroit, M ich ., M ar. 1978____________________________________
Fresno, C alif., June 1978 1----------------------------------------------------G ainesville, F la ., Sept. 1978---------------------------------------- —-------Green Bay, W is ., July 1978 1_________________________________
Greensboro—W inston-Salem —High Point,
N .C ., Aug. 1978_______________________________________________
Greenville—Spartanburg, S .C ., June 1978____________________
Hartford, Conn., M ar. 1978 1--------------------------------------------------Houston, T ex ., Apr. 1978_____________________________________
Huntsville, A la ., Feb. 1978----------------------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1978 1--------------------------------------------------Jackson, M i s s ., Jan. 1978-------------------------------------------------------Jacksonville, F la ., D ec. 197 7 ------------------------------------------------Kansas City, Mo.—K a n s., Sept. 1978--------------------------------------Los Angeles—Long Beach, C alif., Oct. 1978 1----------------------Lou isville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1977 1_____________________________
M em phis, Tenn.—A rk.—M i s s ., Nov. 1978-------------------------------




Bulletin number
and price*
2 025 -6 3, $ 1 .0 0
202 5 -5 8 , $ 1 .2 0
202 5 -6 5 ,
2025-28,
2025-50,
2025 -3 8,
2025 -1 5,
2025 -4 3,
195 0 -5 8 ,
2025 -2 2,
2025-51,
2025 -3 2,
2025 -3 9,
2025-49,
2 0 25-59 ,
2025-29,
2025 -5 2,
2 0 2 5 -6 ,
1950 -7 1,
2025 -4 8,
1 9 50 -7 4,
2025 -1 1,
2025 -3 1,
2025 -4 5,
2 0 25 -4 1,

$1 .3 0
$1.40
$1.50
$1 .0 0
80 cents
$1.50
$ 1 .0 0
70 cents
$ 1 .2 0
$1.30
$1 .1 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .5 0
$1 .0 0
$1 .5 0
70 cents
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1.00
$1.40
$1 .2 0
$1 .2 0
$1 .0 0
$1.20

2025 -4 6,
2025 -3 0,
202'5-14,
2025 -2 3,
2 0 2 5 -4 ,
202 5 -5 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 ,
1 950 -6 7,
2 0 2 5 -5 3 ,
202 5 -6 1 ,
1 950 -6 6,
2 0 2 5 -6 2 ,

$1.00
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
70 cents
$ 1 .5 0
70 cents
70 cents
$ 1.30
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1.00

Area
M iam i, F la ., Oct. 1978 1________________________________
Milwaukee, W is ., Apr. 1978 1 _______________________________
Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—W is ., Jan. 1978 1____________
Nassau-Suffolk, N .Y ., June 1978 1___________________________
Newark, N .J ., Jan. 1978 1____________________________________
New O rleans, L a ., Jan. 1978________________________________
New York, N .Y ^ N .J ., May 1978 1___________________________
Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—
N .C ., May 1978_______________________________________________
Norfolk—Virginia Beach-Portsmouth and
Newport News—Hampton, Va.—N .C ., May 1978___________
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1978__________________________
Oklahoma City, O kla., Aug. 1978____________________________
Omaha, N ebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1978______________________________
Paterson—C lifton -P assaic, N .J ., June 1978 1 ______________
Philadelphia, Pa.—N .J ., Nov. 1978__________________________
Pittsburgh, P a., Jan. 1978__________________________________
Portland, Maine, Dec. 1977_________________________________
Portland, Oreg.—W a sh ., May 1978__________________________
Poughkeepsie, N .Y ., June 1978 1 ____________________________
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1978 1 ____
Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R .L—
M a s s ., June 1978____________________________________________
Richmond, V a ., June 1978___________________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—111., M ar. 1978_______________________________
Sacramento, C alif., Dec. 1977 1_____________________________
Saginaw, M ich ., Nov. 1978__________________________________
Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1977_____________________
San Antonio, T ex., May 1978________________________________
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1977 1_______________________________
San Francisco—Oakland, C alif., M ar. 1978 1________________
San Jose, C alif., M ar. 1978 *________________________________
Seattle—Everett, W ash ., Dec. 1977__________________________
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1978__________________________________
Toledo, Ohio—M ich., May 1978 1____________________________
Trenton, N .J ., Sept. 1978 1___________________________________
Utica—Rom e, N .Y ., July 1 9 7 8 ________________________________
Washington, D.C.—Md.—V a ., M ar. 1978 1 ___________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1978____________________________________
W o rcester, M a ss., Apr. 1978 1______________________________
York, P a., Feb. 1978 1________________________________________

Bulletin number
and price*
2 0 25 -6 0, $ 1.30
2025-18, $1.40
2 0 2 5 -2 , $1.40
2025-33, $1.30
2 0 2 5 -7 , $1.40
2 0 2 5 -5 , $1.00
2025-35, $1.50
2025-20, 70 cents
2025-21,
2025-47,
2025-40,
2025-56,
2025-36,
2025-54,
20 2 5 -3 ,
1950-69,
2025-25,
2025-37,
2025-42,

80 cents
$1.00
$1.00
$ 1.00
$1.20
$ 1.30
$1.10
70 cents
$1.00
$1.10
$1.20

2025-27,
2025-26,
2025-13,
1950-72,
2025-64,
1950-68,
2025-17,
1950-73,
2 025 -1 0,
2 0 2 5 -9 ,
1950-75,
2025-44,
2025-24,
2025-55,
2025-34,
2025-12,
2025-16,
2025-19,
20 2 5 -8 ,

$1.40
80 cents
$1.20
$1.00
$1.00
80 cents
70 cents
$1.10
$1.40
$1.20
80 cents
$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
$1.00
$1.40
80 cents
$1.10
$1.10

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to chang;.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau off Labor Statistics Regional Offffices
Region I

Region II

Region III

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

3535 Market Street,
P.O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St .N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

New Jersey
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West Virginia

Alabama
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Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (AreaCode312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 767-6971 (Area Code 214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
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VII

VIII

IX

X

Iowa
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Colorado
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South Dakota
Utah
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Hawaii
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Alaska
Idaho
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Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)
Connecticut
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Illinois
Indiana
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Minnesota
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